Hypoxia And Air Accidents Report (Assessment) Online Essay Help

Table of Contents Introduction

Different types of Hypoxia

Medical Causes of Hypoxia

Stages of Hypoxia among Aircraft Handlers

Precautionary and curative measures for hypoxia

In-flight Hypoxia: Beech King Air’s Five-hour fatal flight

Conclusion

References

Introduction Hypoxia is defined as a deficiency of oxygen in the body tissues or simply oxygen starvation. Hypoxia can occur due to a variety of reasons. Normally this condition is preceded by low levels of oxygen in the blood system-a condition normally known as hypocalcaemia. Nonetheless, it is important to note that hypoxia can occur without hypoxemia.

Hypoxia can also lead to high level of carbon dioxide in the blood system and not in all cases. This condition is normally referred to as Hypercapnia. The general effect of hypoxia in most cases depends on the duration, intensity and type of hypoxia. In addition, the impact of hypoxia depends on the sensitivity of the tissues affected.

The pathogenic mechanism leading to low level of oxygen in the body tissues can be well understood by looking at the factors (both internal and external) responsible for sufficient supply of oxygen to the tissues.

These factors include: the concentration of oxygen in the air inhaled; appropriate exchange of gases in the air circulation system; the amount of hemoglobin in the blood for oxygen transfer; functioning of the cardiovascular system; and lastly the capability of the tissues to utilize the supplied oxygen.

Different types of Hypoxia Corresponding to the above external and internal factors are different types of hypoxia. These are hypoxic hypoxia, anemic hypoxia, circulatory (ischemic) hypoxia and histotoxic hypoxia. Hypoxic hypoxia is as a result of low level of oxygen in the inhaled air (particularly in high altitudes) or disorder in the respiratory system (for example due to asthma, pulmonary edema and pneumonia among others).

Anemic hypoxia results from different anemic states or insufficient hemoglobin in the blood (Metheglobinemia). Carbon monoxide poisoning, chronic blood loss and sickle cell anemia can lead to anemic hypoxia.

Ischemic hypoxia is caused by a disorder in the air and blood circulation system or arterial blockage leading to ischemization. Last but not least, histotoxic hypoxia is caused by the inability of the tissues to utilize the supplied oxygen (Dembrovsky

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Outgoing and Incoming Tour Operators Report (Assessment) college application essay help: college application essay help

Two Main Categories of Tour Operators Tour operators are people or companies that offer various travel packages that are used by tourists. Tour operators are very different from tour agents. Tour operators combine everything that the tourist would possibly need into one package. There are two main categories of tour operators in the United Kingdom. These are the incoming tour operators and the outbound tour operators (Aramberri

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Texas v. Johnson Case Study college essay help online

Table of Contents Procedural

Rule

Analysis

Conclusion

Works Cited

Facts: The defendant in this case, Gregory L. Johnson, participated in demonstrations that some Americans had organized to protest the policies of some Dallas-based corporations, and the Reagan administration in general.

The demonstrations were held at the same time as the 1984 Republican Convention that was also held in Dallas. The demonstrators marched the city of Dallas with the event culminating in the respondent’s public flag desecration. As he desecrated the flag, no threatening was done on anyone and no physical injuries occurred. However, the desecration of the flag offended a number of witnesses.

Procedural History: The trial court found the defendant guilty of violating a Texas statute by desecrating a venerated object. The decision was affirmed by the State Court of Appeals. The defendant appealed in the Court of Criminal Appeals in Texas.

Issue: Did the desecration of the flag by the defendant amount to expressive conduct, permitting the respondent to enjoy First Amendment protection? Did flag preservation as a nationhood symbol justify the respondent’s conviction?

Rule The Court of Criminal Appeals in Texas reversed the earlier ruling that Johnson was guilty of desecrating a venerated object. The State of Texas agreed that the conduct of the respondent was expressive in nature. The flag was burned during a political demonstration, which proved its expressive nature. The First Amendment protects such rights.

The court also held that the restriction of the defendant’s expression by the state was content-based. Therefore, the preservation of the flag as a symbolic object by the state must be exactly scrutinized.

The State is interested in taking proper care of the flag, but this does not require the state to criminally punish protesting people who desecrate the flag. Therefore, the interest of the state in the preservation of the flag as a nationhood symbol does not warrant the conviction of the respondent because it is inconsistent with the Constitution’s First Amendment.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Analysis The fact that the respondent burned the flag as a political event was taking place in Texas led to the confirmation that his action was expressive in nature. The defendant burned the flag solely to express a political message and thus his action was protected by the First Amendment.

Additionally, the court decided that, because the burning of the flag did not in any way breach the peace of the state, the state’s interest in preserving the flag’s image as a nationhood symbol could not warrant criminal punishment of the respondent.

Conclusion Yes, flag desecration done as part of a demonstration that is held on the same day as a political event amounts to expressive conduct. The First Amendment allows such conduct.

No, the state is interested in ensuring the flag is preserved as a nationhood symbol but this does not mean that it should punish demonstrators who desecrate the flag without jeopardizing the state’s peace. Additionally, there was another statute on breaches of peace, which could have been utilized in preserving the state’s peace without criminally punishing the respondent.

This case drew battle lines between Congressmen who advocated for Constitutional amendment to allow restraints on desecration of flags and Congressmen who thought that the issue needed to be solved with new legislation, and without amending the Constitution.

Works Cited Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397, 109 S. Ct. 2533, 105 L. Ed. 2d 342 (1989)

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Bio Diversity and Future of Our World Research Paper essay help free: essay help free

Living things are known to have varying characteristics, even when they belong to the same species. Climatic conditions are not the same in every part of the world. Therefore, animals and plants are known to exhibit different characteristics in different regions. On the same note, adaptations to different requirements for survival have been known to bring about different physical characteristics in organisms.

In this regard, it is not unique to see animals or plants of the same species having completely different physical characteristics, yet they are in the same locality. Biodiversity refers to the degree of variation among living things and it includes genetic diversity, ecosystem difference and cultural diversity.

It should be noted that biodiversity is very crucial for the continuity of life in the world. Nevertheless, there have been threats to the natural biodiversity thus posing a lot of questions on the future of the world.

The importance of biodiversity cannot be overlooked. Firstly, biodiversity provides the ecological balance that is crucial for sustenance of live in the world. Each and every species that is present in the world has a role to play as regards the continuity and balance of its ecological niche. For the resources of the world to be maintained, biodiversity has to be present.

It is important to understand that all living things coexist and they depend on one another in one way or the other (Mbolo, 2010). No living thing can leave in isolation and elimination of one organism or even changing the ecosystem of one organism has ripple effects on the world as a whole. It therefore goes without saying that biodiversity is essential for optimum production in the world.

Biodiversity is also very crucial for business activities. Sustainable development of any nation is highly dependent on biodiversity. Raw materials that are used in production are derived from diverse sources. In this regard, absence of even one species poses a risk to a certain production process in a given industry. Natural resources would become extinct if biodiversity is destroyed.

This is because while one organism uses a given resource, there is another one that adds it to the ecosystem. The nutrients available in the world, the variety of food stuffs that human beings eat and production of biomass all depend on biodiversity (Spanou, Tiniakou

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Child aged 5-12 Case Study argumentative essay help

Introduction Learning forms part of a child’s growth and development. A child aged between five and twelve years old learns only from his or her surroundings unlike teens and adults who learn from their experiences too. The child’s surrounding is made up of parents, siblings, friends and caretakers, furniture, television, computers, radio, toys, reading materials, and other components.

Those components play a major role in both physical and intellectual growth of a child. However, parents, siblings, friends, and other caretakers should watch over the child while interacting with objects that are in the surroundings in a bid to keep the child away from anything that could be harmful. Looking into the case study, the child’s learning skills and development rate regarding physical characteristics were normal.

The child was exposed to the learning environment at a good age of age six months, at which he interacted with toys that helped his mental growth through imagination and creativity. In addition, his interest to engage in a variety of sports at age seven is a clear evidence of a healthy growth of a child. However, there are different ways that could enhance quick growth and development of a child of the same age.

Five ways that enhance the child’s learning skills Spending more time with the child

Good parenting is the most essential element for growth and development of a child and it is mostly exhibited by the closeness of a parent or caregiver to the child. A child needs the attention of a caregiver at all time, whether the caregiver present physically or emotionally. However, caregivers should spend some time with the child because the child needs to be guided in almost every activity during the childhood stage.

A caregiver who spends more time with the child is capable of ensuring that the child’s aspects of social growth and development are up to the required standards in accordance to the culture and style of parenting that the child is exposed to in the process (Lerner

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Collecting the phone data logs of all citizens Critical Essay essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Details of the Program

The Program Rationale

The Program Criticism

Argument against the Program

Works Cited

Details of the Program The National Security Agency (NSA) has gathered phone data from several cell phone users. Such data could reveal critical details about their owners. Big data are important in identifying individuals and their habits.

However, the program does not require the service provider to reveal subscribers’ personal details like names, contact information, or addresses. In addition, the NSA does not monitor subscribers’ calls and text messages (Luckerson 1).

The US government has the right to collect metadata legally under the Judicial Order issued to the cell phone service provider. Hence, the NSA does not require any authorization from cell phone owners to collect their data. Metadata include call time and phone details of users (Luckerson 1). However, the NSA order prohibited the service provider from revealing the big data collection program to customers or any other party.

There was also a revelation that the NSA had gained direct access to other modes of communication and data storage facilities. These included Internet servers and databases of service providers. The exercise focused on e-mails, chat sessions, and videos of customers.

The government concentrated on big data storage facilities of Yahoo!, Apple, Google, and Microsoft. Technically, big data are useful for tracking and identifying any suspect, either foreign or citizens and their intentions. However, the issue is that the government has been conducting surveillance on its citizens secretly.

It is not clear whether other service providers are also a part of the metadata collection program, but it is clear that communication logs from most customers are in the database of the NSA. The secrecy of the entire program has created a sense of uneasiness within the public.

The Program Rationale The government launched the metadata collection program as a part of a wider push for improving internal security and tight surveillance because of constant terrorism threats.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The federal government has a critical role of providing security and privacy to all its citizens. Hence, the government must maintain the right to privacy always. Many critics believe that this action amounts to invasion of right to privacy and civil liberties provided under the Fourth Amendment.

Security scholars have claimed that one major lapse that contributed to the 9/11 attacks was the inability of the government to use available data and link them to terrorists.

Hence, the decision to collect metadata from cell phone service providers is an effective way of gathering useful information about networks of suspected individuals. However, the use of data analytics is not enough to fight terrorism. Instead, security forces should rely on reliable methods of fighting terrorisms.

Today, majorities have cell phones. Wireless communication gadgets have immense data, which are useful not only for security agencies, but also for commercial enterprises (Minelli and Chambers 19).

The NSA can analyze such data in order to detect unique patterns of behaviors among suspects, their spending habits, socialization patterns, and factors that shape their thoughts. The cell phone is unique because it belongs to only one person and can stay with the owner throughout the day (Miller 1). However, the law prohibits the government from unlawful use of such data.

The federal government believes that the NSA requires such big data in order to track and discover any links between their targets abroad and individuals in the US (Associated Press 1). A big data project is least invasive and respectful method of hunting for criminals among the innocent public. This goes beyond race, culture, or political affiliation, and the NSA does not have to listen to anybody’s conversations.

The use of the big data is to create a pattern that can lead to specific individuals of interest to the government. However, the NSA must observe the law throughout these processes and listen to anybody’s conversation after approval from the court.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Collecting the phone data logs of all citizens specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Phone firms have used their customers’ handsets to gather market intelligence. The system collects all calling data, messaging, chats, and other online trends (Mayer-Schonberger and Cukier 123). In addition, consumers have smartphones, which already have tracking devices, identify other people nearby with phones, and capture images and videos.

For instance, in an experiment Robert Lee Hotz notes that every student’s phone scanned the area after every six minutes for any nearby phone in order to facilitate face-to-face communication. In addition, after every 20 minutes, the phones scanned the area and kept call logs, behaviors, relationships, and buttressed by detailed surveys (Hotz 1).

This experiment shows possible ways through which the NSA and the FBI could use to collect data from people and invade their right to privacy. It is a smart way of collecting data about behaviors of people and analyzing them secretly in order to understand intelligence details, which can help in spying and intrusion into personal lives of others.

The Program Criticism The federal government must guarantee the right to security and right to privacy of American citizens. However, many critics believe that gathering of metadata from the public infringes on civil rights because it is an intrusion into individuals’ privacy. Based on the Fourth Amendment, any form of invasion and intrusion on the right to privacy is illegal (Roots 20).

They claim that the surveillance is outrageous and lacks position in a democratic and free society. Hence, it is imperative to review the big data collection program and, the NSA should find other suitable methods of gathering data.

Past studies have revealed useful insights in complex nature of humanity, but they also indicate that the metadata collection program brings a new challenge to basic rules of interactions among individuals and challenges the idea of privacy. Many critics believe that the NSA’s action to collect private information and communications of millions of people is quite disturbing, particularly the secrecy of the program.

Although the proponents of this program claim that it is necessary and vital in the fight against terrorism, it remains illegal under the law.

They also claim that the NSA does not listen to anybody’s private calls and communication and there are adequate oversight and safeguard measures to ensure that the NSA does not abuse metadata in its possession. However, one cannot be so certain about what the NSA does with personal data it collects from people privately.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Collecting the phone data logs of all citizens by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Civil libertarians have refuted the NSA big data program because they believed that the NSA has gathered enormous data from individuals who were not necessarily criminals or suspects. Under the law, cell phone companies should not distribute their customers’ information to any third party, unless such customers’ provide their consents or directed by the court.

While one may claim that Americans are concerned with their privacy rather than their security, it is unreasonable to institute surveillance on every citizen as a way of combating terrorism. Privacy issues are not simple to understand since many entities have often misused and abused personal data. Thus, the NSA should conduct such surveillance on specific individuals with criminal intent.

The right to privacy aims to protect people and the kind of information they share with others and usages of such information. Cell phone firms have all data about their clients. These may include names, social security number, bank details, financial data, e-mail address, demographic and physical address among others.

It is difficult for customers to know how these firms handle such data, but they are useful for marketing activities and security issues. Personal data are susceptible to identity theft and fraud.

The flow of personal information may increase such cases. However, such organizations must have effective internal policies to protect data from abuse and theft. The challenge has been that not many organizations adhere to right to privacy of their customers.

The Privacy Act of 1974 protects all personal data in possession of the government against any form of abuse and unauthorized sharing, transfer, or disclosure. In addition, people have the right to seek for clarification, correct mistakes, and get information in case of any disclosure.

These processes rely on the Freedom of Information Act. Yet, the NSA and cell phone companies have engaged in illegal acts of sharing and transferring citizens’ data without their knowledge or consent.

Critics must understand that privacy and security are critical and intersect at some points. One must recognize that many issues of importance touch on both security and privacy. These may include communication, detection of secret agendas, intrusions, training, and responses among others.

From a theoretical perspective, security measures should protect individual privacy. However, these are two critical factors, which overlap. Security must focus on both physical and virtual aspects of protection. In other words, security must offer protection to sensitive data in both electronic and physical forms.

The government should use information security policies in order to protect information privacy and individuals’ private information. However, in situations on national security, the NSA must violate such privacy of individuals and use tools they have to fight terrorism and protect potential victims.

This interrelationship between security and privacy shows that matters of national security and safety are paramount and will remain superior to individual privacy.

Argument against the Program This memo does not support the government’s decision to gather big data secretly because the Fourth Amendment regards electronic surveillance as a form of abuse against right to privacy. The era of big data has arrived. The NSA must use tools at its disposal to fight terrorism, but it must not violate citizens’ right to privacy.

The Fourth Amendment recognizes that cell phone data collection, which is under electronic surveillance, could be illegal means of obtaining evidence. Although analysts believe that the 9/11 happened because the government lacked data to rely on for decision-making in fighting terrorism, the government can use right procedures to collect evidence from suspects rather than resorting to violation of citizens’ rights.

Relying on such metadata from phone records is an important method of understanding networks of terrorists and other suspects.

However, it is imperative for the NSA to bring the process to the public domain. Ethically and legally, it would be right for the NSA to collect these data on a large-scale and use them appropriately, but it does not seem right when the spying agency does it in secret.

Works Cited Associated Press. Report: NSA maps out a person’s social connections. 29 Sept. 2013. Web.

Hotz, Robert Lee. The Really Smart Phone. 22 April 2011. Web.

Luckerson, Victor. 7 Things to Know About the Government’s Secret Database of Telephone Data. 5 June. 2013. Web.

Mayer-Schonberger, Viktor and Kenneth Cukier. Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think. New York: Eamon Dolan, 2013. Print.

Miller, Wayne. R.I. critics see U.S. government’s phone data collection as intrusion. 7 June 2013. Web.

Minelli, Michael and Michele Chambers. Big Data, Big Analytics: Emerging Business Intelligence and Analytic Trends for Today’s Businesses. New York: Wiley, 2013. Print.

Roots, Roger. “The Originalist Case for the Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule.” Gonzaga Law Review118 (2010): 20. Print.

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India’s Caste System: The Laws of Manu. Primary Source Analysis Report (Assessment) college essay help: college essay help

Perhaps, one of the weirdest and by far the most mysterious society structures in the East for an average European or American citizen to encounter, the Indian cast system has a pretty long history and allows take a closer look at the specifics of the relationships among the members of the Indian society.

Despite the fact that the concept of caste seems incredibly dated when compared to the other principles of social structures and systems of society employed all over the world, it still bars a unique air of the Indian culture and is rooted way too deep into cultural and, more importantly, religious aspects of the Indian people’s lives to refuse from following the principles of caste, even though often these principles come at a price of people’s lives.

When evaluating the texts dealing with such complex social and religious issues as the history of castes, one must take into account the numerous limitations of such papers so that these limitations should not later on be considered as drawbacks.

First of all, it is essential to realize that a one-page-long text cannot engulf an entire culture of Indian people and, therefore, cannot allow the cultural background of the phenomenon of caste to come out in full blue.

As a matter of fact, the author of the text in question is doing very well by creating a historical background and commenting on the premises for castes to emerge: “The Lord assigned only one activity to a servant; serving these [other] classes without resentment” (Indian caste system: The laws of Manu, 2000, p. 43).

Therefore, the given text offers a peculiar example of how religious prejudices can lead to social discrimination. However, in a way, the given document offers a unique example of religion spawning prejudice, seeing how the latter is aimed not at the people of different race, ethnicity or nationality, but at the people of the same origin and faith.

There is little to no difference between the ones who were lucky enough to be born into the families of the “upper class” and the ones whose origin could be defined in one simple yet sad word, “outcast.” Thus, the text under analysis also offers extensive information on the difference between the religious principles of the Indian people and the rest of the world.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, analyzing the castes, which the Indian society is split into in accordance with the existing law, one might find something very familiar in the types of castes that the given excerpt features. As the author of the text says, there are priests, rulers and servants. Once split into the given three castes, the society is guaranteed to remain in harmony until the end of times – or until the breach of balance, for that matter.

The existing castes, in fact, have a lot in common with another concept of what a perfect state looks like; moreover, the latter concept is just as ancient as the Indian idea of castes.

Described by Plato, the Utopian republic is suppose to have a philosopher king, who has a lot in common with the caste of rulers, citizens, and warriors (Magstadt, 2011, p. 46). However, in contrast to Plato’s Republic, where social justice is considered the top priority, in the given excerpt, the Indian concept of caste exists outside the realm of social justice.

Nevertheless, it would be wrong to judge the given excerpt based on the ideas that it suggests. Since the text basically retells the social traditions of India, judging these ideas would be basically the same as judging the traditions of the Indian people, which does not seem legitimate seeing how the Indian principles of social hierarchy are rooted deeply into history, down to the birth of the mysterious Arian nation.

With that being said, it is more reasonable to consider the way in which the facts concerning the Indian society are arranged. While the author does a very good job by describing every single caste, it would still be a good idea to mention the ways in which the members of different castes interact.

The Indian caste system cannot be denied its doubtless weirdness; for a person of non-Indian descent, the given system can hardly be considered as a social structure worth implementing, or, at the very least, as a reasonable concept of society. However, despite the numerous flaws of the caste system adopted in India, it is admittedly deeply rooted into the Indian traditions and has a clear historical justification for its existence.

More to the point, it cannot be doubted that at present, the caste system is the only possible system in accordance with which the Indian population can live with, as the article in question shows in a very graphic way.

We will write a custom Assessment on India’s Caste System: The Laws of Manu. Primary Source Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A snapshot of the Indian culture and its development throughout centuries, the current caste system might seem unacceptable and lacking in humanism for a stranger, yet it is the only system in accordance with which India can align its social standards at present.

Reference List Indian caste system: The laws of Manu (2000). In Expressing world history, P. N. Steams

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The HR labor relations: Unionization Research Paper college essay help online

In today’s world, labor unions have become popular in all sectors of the economy. The unionization process begins when a selected group of representatives obtains the authorization permits for a particular group of employees. This allows it to play the role of an intermediary between management and the workforce (Budd

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Ethical Implications of Data Mining By Government Institutions Report essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Literature review

Discussion

Conclusion

References

Introduction Data mining can be defined as the process of extracting useful information from the large amount of data stored in databases. With the rapid development in computer and information technologies, large databases are used to gather, store and retrieve data (Vaidya

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Benefits of a Valuable Strategic Fit Explicatory Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Approaches for competing internationally The three main approaches for competing internationally are global strategy, transnational strategy and multidomestic strategy. Multidomestic strategy requires business managers to think and act locally. The strategy focuses on offering different products in the market. Further, the competitive approaches used by firms vary from one country to another. The strategy has a number of advantages.

First, it can enable firms to precisely meet the specific needs of each market. Secondly, it enables companies to quickly meet the changes in local demand of a given region. Thirdly, the strategy enables companies to respond amicably to the moves of local rival companies.

Finally, the strategy allows companies to respond swiftly to local threats and opportunities. On the other hand, the approach deters the ability to transfer resources and capabilities across various markets. Secondly, the strategy is not conducive in the worldwide competitive market. Finally, the strategy may result in an increase in the production and distribution costs.

The second approach, global strategy, encourages business to think and act globally. The strategy employs same basic competitive approach in all regions where a firm operates. The strategy has a number of advantages. First, it enables companies to lower their cost due to large economies of scale. Secondly, the strategy results in improved efficiency and innovation due to the ability to move resources and capabilities across regions.

Finally, the strategy enables companies to enjoy the benefits of global brand and reputation. On the other hand, the approach has a number of disadvantages. First, it may not be able to address the local needs accurately. Secondly, the strategy may not enable a company to respond swiftly to changes in the local market conditions. Finally, the approach is likely to result in higher costs of tariffs, integration, transportation, and coordination.

The third approach, transnational strategy, incorporates the elements of global and multidomestic strategies. The strategy has a number of advantages. First, it enables companies to benefit from the ability to respond to changes in local and global markets.

Secondly, the strategy results in improved efficiency due to the ability to move resources and capabilities across regions. On the other hand, the approach is complex, time consuming and expensive to implement. Also, companies may find it hard to merge conflicting goals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More How to build a competitive advantage A number of approaches can be used to build a competitive advantage. The first approach is to use international location to minimize cost of operation and to produce differentiated products. Secondly, firms can build competitive advantage by distributing resources, proficiencies and abilities across various markets. This improves efficiency.

Finally, a company can build competitive advantage from the benefits of cross border synchronization. Thus, an organization should ensure that the cross border activities are well coordinated to enable the company reap benefits.

Example of a company Aramex Inc. is a company within logistics and the service industry. It deals with provision of consumer related solutions such as supply chain management and express logistics. From the perspective of Multi-domestic strategy, Aramex Inc. entered into partnership with Zubair Corporation (Z-Corp) in Oman for purposes of offering integrated services within the region.

Aramex Inc. also uses Berco Express (Pty) Ltd. to offer logistics and transportation services within Africa region. The company uses global strategy in cases where it experiences strong pressure in cost reduction and less pressure in the process of venturing into local markets. In this case, the company centralized major functions.

The strategy emphasizes on monitoring, integration and coordination of activities within local markets. The company utilizes the transnational strategy in cases where it requires expertise for the purposes of overcoming the pressures from cost effectiveness as well as local market adaptation.

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Comparison between six sigma and Total Quality Management Compare and Contrast Essay best college essay help

Even though six sigma and TQM are efficient apparatus for quality management, they have a number of differences. Six Sigma is a management plan initially designed by Motorola Company to develop the quality of production by recognizing and eliminating causes of failures. It was also designed to reduce inconsistencies in the production process.

The process was established by Bill Smith in the early 1920’s. on the other hand, Total Quality Management is a long-term effort made by workers to ensure customer satisfaction. It was developed by Deming, Juran, and Feigenbaum in the early 1920’s. Six sigma is not only designed for quality control, but also to improve customer satisfaction by reducing shortages.

It also defines and improves production processes. This management plan can be used to assess the root cause of a setback and establish appropriate solutions. Conversely, TQM applies plan, data, and efficient communications to incorporate quality control into the culture and processes of a company.

Six sigma has many methodologies including DMAIC, DMADV, and the 5Whys. A DMAIC plan method has five segments. The first step is the definition of the problem, customers’ demands, and project objectives. The second phase is to measure the main characteristics of the present process and gather relevant information.

The third phase of DMAIC is the study of data followed by improving the present process depending on data analysis. The last phase is to control future processes as this will solve any problem which deviates from a company’s target. DMADV project methodology also has five stages. The first phase is to define goals that are in line with the requirements of consumer project strategy.

The second phase is to measure and recognize CTQ’s, product potentiality and dangers. Third step involves the analysis to create options. This is followed by designing details which involves the optimization and preparation for design authentication. The last step is to verify the design, execute production procedures, and present it to the proprietors of the process.

In TQM, the customer establishes the level of quality. All the workers are also required to take part in the processes aimed at achieving objectives. It majorly focuses on the production thinking. This process involves a planned and systematic approach to attain an organization’s objectives. The main driving force of Total Quality Management is continual process enhancement.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It provides viable solutions for improvement and effective competition. The process of Six Sigma depends on the “5 Whys.” This exercise starts with a statement of the setback followed by the identification of the root cause. Arguably, the 5 iterations of “Why” establishes the main cause of the setback.

Six Sigma has a number of functions. For instance, senior managers are accountable for establishing the implementation of Six Sigma objectives. Campaigners jointly implement Six Sigma and provide guidance to black belts. Senior black belts recognized by campaigners provide in-house training on Six Sigma. Therefore, the process provides superior and efficient outcome compared to TQM.

The process is also more precise and result oriented than TQM. The other difference is that Six Sigma is more complex than TQM as it requires highly trained personnel.

This clearly explains why their trained workers are licensed as “green belts” or “black belts” according to their level of competency. In TQM further developments cannot be realized after reaching the saturation point while Six Sigma attains the saturation level by instigating a next point quality process.

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Media Violence Study Critical Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Depiction of Violence

Influence of Depicted Violence

Conclusion

References

Introduction Modern popular culture has embraced violent movies as a key component of entertainment. This is evident in the article, which was written by Grisham, where he explains that Sarah and Ben went to Memphis to watch the Grateful Dead Movie (Grisham, 1996). It is, further, noticeable that they had watched Natural Born Killers. This movie was dominated by immense murder, human brutality and cruelty.

Ben admits that he loves this movie implying that the modern popular culture accepts violent movies in this community. This paper will, therefore, focus on how violence is depicted on the movies that are described in this article. It will, further, discuss on how the movies influence the character of the audience when they are exposed to them.

Depiction of Violence Grisham describes the content of Natural Born Killers in a clear and detailed manner. In this movie, violence is depicted through brutal acts of murder. The main actors Mickey and Mallory randomly kill people as they move to southwest. They are described as mindless lovers implying that their killings were entirely unreasonable and senseless.

The brutality is well illustrated by killing fifty two people on their way before they are arrested by administrators (Grisham, 1996). When the two lovers were caught, the police imprisoned them to restrict them from killing more people. However, they successfully planned to escape from the prison where they killed additional fifty people in the process.

Murder is the main depiction of violence in this movie since the two actors senselessly commit murder in the entire film (Stone, 1996). In terms of degree, the violence that is depicted in this movie is severe. This is due to the use of dangerous weapons and the presence of murder alongside adverse brutality.

Influence of Depicted Violence In this article, Grisham has described critical behavioral change experienced by Ben and Sarah. In the first instance, the author states that Sarah armed herself to reserve security in case Ben attacks her. Although the reason for this speculated attack was not specified, I contend that Sarah could have possibly noted a change of character in Ben.

This intensifies when Ben start talking about open murder where he introduces topics that are related to openly killing people. In this case, it is evident that he has the quest to kill people just like Mallory and Mickey. From this statement, it is indisputable that Ben had been affected by the violence depicted in Natural Born Killers. Further, he intensified this by expressing his passionate hatred for farmers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ben ordered Sarah to stop the car nearby a farmhouse where Ben tested his gun and then proceeded to Mr. Savage’s farm. After a short struggle, Ben short Mr. Savage on the head leading to instant death and forcing Sarah to escape. However, Sarah quickly decided to help her man to rob Mr. Savage at the farmhouse. In addition, Ben admitted that the feeling of killing people was powerful.

This is the feeling that was expressed by Mickey when he was killing people on his way to Southwest (Stone, 1996). It is, therefore, evident that he had been influenced by the violence that was depicted in the movie (Grisham, 1996).

This implies that violence which is depicted in movies can influence the audience by developing violence in real life situation. From this article, it is additionally clear that severe depiction of violence lead to severe brutality in real life. This implies that mild violence would result to weak levels of violence since the audience copies the actions directly.

Conclusion The above analysis validates the argument of Grisham which contends that depicted violence result to real violence. This is supported by real testimony that is given by Sarah in relation to her previous murders. People should consequently control their exposure to depicted violence to prevent unconscious embracement of brutality.

References Grisham, J. (1996). Unnatural kilers. Oxford American, 4, 11.

Stone, O. (Director). (1996). Natural born killers [Motion picture]. USA: Warner Home Video.

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E-Business Planning Report. Kids Designed Craft Cards Report essay help free

Introduction E-business has gained a lot of popularity in the recent past due to advancement in technology. The world has been turned into a global village as the emerging technologies change the world into various fronts. Business units also find themselves in position where they can no longer ignore changes being brought about by these technologies.

The geographical boundaries that existed before have been eliminated by advancement of technology in the areas of transport and communication. Movements from one country to another have been made easier through the invention of various means of transport.

Communication has also been enhanced and it is now possible for one to communicate with others in other regions of the world in real time using phones. The social media has also improved communication in the world.

Business units cannot ignore the technological advancements in the market if it intends to remain competitive. The management of Kids Designed Craft Cards must realize that the only way of remaining competitive in the market is to adopt the emerging technologies as soon as they come into existence in order to remain one-step ahead of market competition.

This firm must find a way of employing e-business in its operations in order to increase its efficiency and market coverage. E-business has become very popular in the current market in Australia and other developed countries. People have limited time to go shopping around.

They prefer making their purchase while in office or at home. This means that only those firms that conduct e-business stand better chances of tapping into a wider market in the current market. This research proposal seek to develop a prototype and give an explanation why e-business is very appropriate for this firm.

E-commerce business model According to Bhusry (2005), it is important for a firm to come up with an appropriate model that will be able to respond to the market dynamics in order to enable a firm succeed in the market. The following model can help Kids Designed Craft Cards when developing a prototype for e-commerce business.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Source (Manzoor, 2010)

The diagram shows all the stages that should be observed when developing a prototype for e-commerce business.

Driving revenue through e-commerce business The main intention of this project proposal is to increase the profitability of this firm in the market. Increasing revenues in the market may not be a simple process. It requires a model of how the firm will increase its profitability in the market. The management must realize that this process involves conversion of innovation process into economic value. The model below demonstrates this.

The model above identifies some of the factors that Kids Designed Craft Cards must understand in order to generate the needed revenue. It must first identify customers’ needs through this new technology. Then it should segment the market based on the demographical factors.

The firm should then determine the best value proposition for each market segment. This will result into increased sales, which will then increase the firm’s revenues.

Network and communication infrastructure required In order to have a successful operation in e-commerce, it is necessary for the management of Kids Designed Craft Cards to understand some of the infrastructural requirements needed in this project.

This will help ensure that before the project starts, the management have rough estimates of what this project will cost in order to be completed successfully. The following list identifies the infrastructural requirements to be observed by this firm.

We will write a custom Report on E-Business Planning Report. Kids Designed Craft Cards specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Search and advertising software

Contracting and order software

The billing and settlement software

Production and distribution of receipt software

Customer service software

Knowledge and information processing software

The hardware

The management must understand all the associated costs for all the software and hardware needed for this project. These infrastructural needs are further discussed in other sections of this proposal.

Applications required in meeting specific e-commerce business goals According to Manzoor (2010), when starting a new system in a firm that has been in existence for some time, it is important to ensure that the intended goals are achieved within a specified timeline. To achieve this, the application must observe the following requirements.

Effective and efficient online shopping functionalities

Easy process of maintaining online stores using minimum effort

The site should be fast loading

The interface should be user-friendly and easy to navigate

Attractive and professional product displays

Purchase function should be easy to operate

Data of clients should be easily captured

The credit card facility must be secure

The system must have online validation of credit cards

The system must be able to deliver on the above applications in order to be considered effective enough to achieve the goals of the firm.

Addressing security issues According to Schneider (2011), just like brick-and-moter stores need some form of security to eliminate cases of robbery or burglary, e-business must be secured. This scholar says that cyber-crime has become so rampant in the current society as crime take a new shape with the changes in the technological environment.

In order to operate an e-business successfully, KDCC must develop some form of security that will protect its operations. The customer needs to be protected from fraudsters who may be intending to steal from them by purporting to be this firm. This firm must also protect itself from any form of threat from these fraudsters in order to eliminate any form of losses that may be incurred because of fraud.

This means that the technical team must develop software that will be able to fight any malware that cyber-criminals may use to corrupt the system of this firm. All users must also be given password that they have to use any time they want to make any form of e-transaction through the website of this firm. The customers should be given an account with a password that they will use when making any transaction with the firm.

The password will remain a secrete for the customer. To enhance security, the customer can always change the password whenever he or she feels that the current password has been compromised. Every department involved in the online transactions will always have its own password when dealing with e-customers.

For instance, the marketing department will be able to deal with the customer from the time he is given an account, and respond to any issue whenever this is necessary.

Not sure if you can write a paper on E-Business Planning Report. Kids Designed Craft Cards by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The finance unit will be directly involved with the customer during the process of making payment, while the logistics unit will coordinate with the customer during the process of delivering the purchase to the designated place. Each member of this organization will be responsible for all the transactions taking place through his or her account.

Addressing e-marketing requirements It is important to understand e-marketing requirements in order to deliver quality service to the customers. The management of KDCC should understand all the requirements of e marketing in order to run without many huddles that may affect the normal operations.

According to Awad (2002), starting an e-commerce business may appear a simple process that can easily be realized as long as there is access to the internet. However, this is not as simple as it may appear. This complex process not only requires the right instruments, but also the skilled workforce that will help in addressing various issues within the firm.

The management must first address the issue of hardware needed to develop an e-commerce. This will involve a number of computers and accessories that come with it. It will also need all the hardware used in internet connectivity. The firm will also need to identify a room where these machines will be operated from, within its premises.

The firm will then need to purchase the software that will be used to develop and run e-commerce within the firm. This will also include the software that will be used to protect the system from cyber criminals. Finally, this firm will need the skilled workforce that will help in running the system.

The marketing unit will need to have its customer-care unit at the station 24-hours a day to address any question that may come from the customers. Other departments of this firm should also be active in this new system.

Choice of payment systems to be used Choice of payment to be used with this new system should be selected with a lot of keenness in order to enhance customer experience. According to Bhasker (2006), it is important to realize that some fraudsters are always keen to rob firms that do not have foolproof payment system.

The management must therefore, develop a payment system that will always protect itself and its customers from fraudsters. Choosing the best payment method should take a number of factors into consideration.

The first factor, as mentioned above, should be security of the firm and its customers. The second factor should be convenience. The payment system should be convenient to the client and the firm. The third factor is the ability of the firm to realize that payment has been made the moment the customer makes this payment.

Factoring all these issues together, the best approach that would be very appropriate for this firm would be the use of credit cards. This would allow a strict interaction between the customer and the finance department of this firm during the process of making payment.

However, the firm should consider another alternative of making direct bank deposits to the bank accounts of the firm in case the payment is huge and cannot be transacted easily using credit or debit cards. However, it is important to find a way through which the system will detect any direct payments to the bank account and all the necessary details of the customer who has made the payment.

Addressing privacy and other relevant ethical concerns Some of the main concerns that have been raised by stakeholders in relevance to e-business are the need to maintain ethical issues related when conducting this business. This involves privacy issues and other issues related to customer care and protection. According to Corchuelo (2003), some customers may always want their private life to remain as such, especially when it comes to making purchase of some specific products.

It is the ethical responsibility of the firm to ensure that customers’ identity is not revealed to the public when they make purchases from the firm. Failure to observe this may seriously affect business operations of the firm as customers may lose trust with it. Another privacy concern is the need to protect the finances of the customers who is paying through credit cards.

The officers responsible for effecting the payments should not withdraw more than the right amount from the account of the customer. This is an ethical responsibility of this firm if it intends to keep its customers. It is also important to ensure that customer is not double-charged for the products they purchase from the firm. Yokoo (2008) says that it is ethical to deliver on the promise made to the customer.

When a customer sees a product online and pays for it, the firm should make an effort and deliver that particular product to the customer. The product must meet all the specifications made by the customer during the purchase. The time of delivery should also be as prompt as promised on the company’s website.

Addressing legal issues connected with the e-commerce business As Gasós (2003) observes, it is not possible to run a business in an environment that lacks proper legal structure to protect the customers and the firm. The law is meant to protect all the stakeholders involved in the transactions. In e-commerce business, laws exist that helps in guiding the relationship between the customer and the firm, and that between the firm and other firms or the government.

The laws are already in existence, and the only issue that the firm should address is to implement them. In order to address the legal issues properly within the firm, it is important to ensure that all employees understand this law and its relevance in an e-business environment. This will help in ensuring that these employees appreciate the need to observe these legal issues in all their activities.

The next step would be to let customers know the laws and regulations governing their online transactions. The company can let them know their rights and responsibilities, and how the law protects them and the firm. This will help in creating a legal environment where stakeholders get the respect they need.

Addressing customer service issues According to Kidd (2000), the only way in which a firm can succeed in e-commerce business is to find a way of treating its customers with a lot of decorum, and addressing their concerns as soon as possible. This means that KDCC must have a very active customer care unit that will be able to address needs of the customers as may be appropriate.

To do this, the firm must develop a state-of-the-art call centre, which will be the customer care centre. The call centre should be equipped with all the necessary communication systems and qualified workforce that will be able to respond to the questions of the customers and direct them as may be necessary. It is important to ensure that the customer care service is offered round the clock.

At no moment should the customer call and fail to get response as needed. To enhance communication, the firm may engage the social media in addressing customers’ needs. This may involve responding to customers through Facebook and Tweeter. The firm can also develop a live chart in its website where customers can reach the firm directly.

Measuring the success of your proposal It is important to measure the success of a project in order to determine if it is economically viable. Coming up with metrics that can be used to measure, the level of success of the project may be very important in helping the management determine the next approach to take. Three departments of KDCC can do this. The first department can be the marketing unit.

The can determine the level of success by determining the increase or decrease of customer engagement within the firm. The finance unit can determine the level of success by determining the increase of income directly related to the new system. The logistics unit can measure this by determining the increase in delivery of products to online customers.

Conclusion The discussion above demonstrates that e-commerce is the best approach through which Kids Designed Craft Cards can increase its market share locally and internationally. The new system may cost a lot to this firm during the initial installation. However, the firm stands to benefit a lot upon its completion. This research has demonstrated that if the firm comes up with the appropriate prototype, then it will be successful in this market.

References Awad, E. M. (2002). Electronic commerce: From vision to fulfillment. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall.

Bhasker, B. (2006). Electronic commerce: Framework, technologies and applications. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill.

Bhusry, M. (2005). E-commerce. New Delhi: Firewall Media.

Corchuelo, R. (2003). Technology supporting business solutions. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Gasós, J. (2003). E-business applications: Technologies for tomorrow’s solutions. Berlin: Springer.

Kidd, P. (2000). E-business: Key issues, applications and technologies. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Manzoor, A. (2010). E-commerce: An introduction. Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert Acad. Publishers.

Schneider, G. P. (2011). Electronic commerce. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Yokoo, M. (2008). Electronic commerce: Theory and practice. Berlin: Springer.

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Enlightenment and revolution Cause and Effect Essay best essay help

Introduction The modern political system of the European nations is a by-product of the enlightenment and political revolution that took place in the late eighteenth century in Europe. The mastermind philosophers of this enlightenment resided in France. The world before the enlightened political system seemed full of superstitions, irrationality, and naivety.

The church and kingship kingdoms had denied the right to contribute in the political decision-making systems, thus leaving the citizens under the authority of a few individuals. The French enlightenment was more radical in religious thoughts than its politics due to various reasons, but the major one was the fear of retaliation from the rulers for the rebellious subjects.

Hence, the enlightenment in France brought about a political revolution from the old regime to the modern political system.1 Interestingly, the French enlightenment and revolution were more radical religious thoughts than politics because religion was the most suitable avenue to promote the agenda.

Who Was Responsible For Causing The Revolution? There seems to be a great controversy amongst many historians as to who was responsible for the French revolution. Many argue that philosophers were responsible, others believe that political publishers aggravated the public anger that led to the overthrowing of the monarchy, and others believe that it was an appreciation of philosophers’ ideologies by the wider social mentality.

However, the philosophers were the main sources of ideas some of which motivated political news writers to take great risks of revealing the monarchy’s bad images to the French public. According to Marisa in her article ‘The Intellectual Origins of the French Revolution’, there exists no centralised concept as to the origin of revolution greater than the public opinion.2

In addition, she argues that that concept was the creation of Habermas, a German Philosopher. Habermas argues that the eighteenth century gave rise to a new public revolution through enlightenment, and resulted to the development of the public sphere through the formation of today’s form of journalism and media freedom.

Public sphere indicates the intellectual vacuum that existed between state and the civil society, which had been denied the opportunity to participate in the political and government affairs by the monarchical regimes.3

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, Habermas referred to that kind of public sphere as ‘bourgeois’. The bourgeois class contributed significantly to the enlargement of the gap in the social class and gave room for the rising prominence of intellectuality in the public sphere. The public did not have initial political motivation at the beginning, but rather the feeling of being an emancipated social class in their own country.

Interestingly, people did not use media to communicate their common ideas; on the contrary, they did it orally for fear of aggravating anger in the monarchy, which could have suppressed their ideas in brutality.4

Hence, people took advantage of the growing social institutions such as salons, clubs, hotels, academies and societies, and other social places where they discussed ideas from the stories in the published journals and authorised gazettes. As time went by, the public voices continued to grow confident and articulate in raising opinions on political and government affairs.

Their voices grew louder in matters concerning engagement in wars, prominent court proceedings, and power disputes among the monarchy and other authoritative organs. However, the more their voices continued to be ignored, the more they become solid and took shape, which later developed into a universal public phenomenon until the collapse of the monarchy regime in 1787.

In addition, the political regime tried all it could to limit the public access to the political issues through enactment of laws of censorship of the publications, which included newspapers, journals, and others. Nevertheless, censorship failed to impede the ever-growing and solid public opinion as it was intended, but gradually it undermined the wishes of the authority.

Intellectuals used public forums to campaign for their political ideas and tribunes as it was the only communications channel that political regime could not have banned. Hence, it is believed that philosophers took advantage of the social forums as the most effective channels to influence the public opinion.

Unfortunately, Marisa argues that though public opinion is seemed to have been solidified, there were elements of divisions in the social classes, which could have contributed to some people taking advantage of others.5 She believes a few people had set their goals on leadership for they were social elites and hence opted to take advantage of the majority who were economically disadvantaged.

We will write a custom Essay on Enlightenment and revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More She points out on philosophers as intellectuals who most probably took advantage of the ignorance of the majority to have their wishes granted. Hence, the revolution cannot be said with certainty to be a result of popular opinion, but rather a result of ignorance, and abuse of the common people in the state.6

In supporting her arguments, Marisa argues that she had evidence, which indicated that the poor were of little significance to the intellectuals and hence were used to pose challenges to the existing political regime.7

In addition, the elites were better placed than the poor and illiterate were in understanding and judging the behaviours of a political regime. Hence, it is the elites whose quench was nourished by the revolution since both as writers and readers played a major role in the enlightenment.

The Political Revolution The Natural Law Theory

The intellectual elites were of the view that political revolution would bring about a platform of shared ideology or common political beliefs, but that goal was never achieved. The initial motivation was to eliminate the old regime and introduce an unknown political system that to some, would have adopted either the English or the American political system.

According to the public opinion, the absolute monarchy needed to be abolished, as it seemed dictatorial, and adopt a new political system, which would allow public to contribute in the government and political affairs. The natural law theory is believed to have been developed by the French philosopher, Burlamaqui, and is one of the theories that influenced public opinions and rendered to the political revolution.8

It was an alternative theory to the theories of morality and political authority but legally based as opposed to the previous theories on the same subjects. That theory set out the government’s contractual theory, which implicitly and to some extent explicitly challenged the base on which legitimacy of absolute monarchy governance system was founded.

In addition, in 1751, Diderot wrote an article “Autoritepolitique” in which he gave a demonstration of the radical potential of the natural law theory. He wrote, “No man has received from nature the right to command other men…

Freedom is a present from heaven, and every individual of the same species has the right to enjoy it as soon as he enjoys reason.”9 This article was found offending and led to the suspension of the Encyclopedie, in which it had been published. However, it was an influential article to the public opinion and hence, it aggravated public demands for the demolition of absolute monarchy.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Enlightenment and revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Republicanism

According to Marisa, Republicanism is also one of the concepts believed to have had a major influence in the political revolution of France.10 It had many themes and ideas, but one of the most influential was the idea of centrality of the civic virtues in the politics. This idea implied that a republican state ought to give its citizens the right to exercise public goodness.

However, the republican concept did not advocate for the demolition of the monarchical system of governance, but it stressed on the concept of every citizen being a subordinate to the public good, including the rulers. Hence, for the case of the old regime, the king ought to exercise the public goodness in his governance.

Unfortunately, the monarchical elites who were drunk with power and used to despotic leadership could not accept anything close to republicanism where the King would be subject to the public good.

Republicanism is one of the most ancient concepts of governance and to the French citizens, it was an old regime given that it was applied by a few city-states, though they did not exercise it to the extent at which it could have had influence across the entire nation. However, the American adoption and redefinition of the republicanism had a great impact on the French revolution and especially between the years 1776 and 1789.

American founders managed to prove to the world that republicanism was no more an old regime as it was assumed to be confined to, but a flexible and adoptable form of governance in the modern politics. The American republicanism influence on the French politics brought about a gap amongst the intellectual elites who had a great influence to the French revolution.

Some intellectuals like Mirabeau were of the idea of adopting the English republicanism, while others supported the French republicanism form of political governance.11

English republicanism was of the form of a constitutional monarchy that separated the powers of the executive and legislation to exclude absolute ruling. The influence of the two forms of republicanisms was exhibited by the adoption of the direct democracy that was embodied on the right to insurrection.

Application of Theories

Having theories and desire to adopt a new political system was not enough to bring about a political revolution to the French citizens without the taking of actions. Marisa looks into the Baker’s influential concept of the discourse theory. Baker illustrates the discourse theory to be a form of language that is powerful to give people access to power.12

The first discourse that had a significance influence is believed to the discourse of justice that demanded that the king should act according to the law, in the sense that he should not abuse his constitutional power.

On the other hand, it stipulates that the citizens should have limited powers within the constitution of the monarch. According to Marisa, Baker associated the discourse theory with parliamentarians and their supporters in the modern political systems.

The second influential concept of the discourse theory is that of willingness. Baker argued that popular sovereignty or in other words, the people’s will, was superior to the will of the monarch, and hence the French citizens had the rightful power to oppose it. The third concept of discourse was based on reasoning. Reasoning was a powerful discourse that demanded the enlightenment, as it is associated with wisdom.

Some French philosophers explained the need to have a governing system that would allow for enlightenment governance. Baker argued that discourse theory and especially the above three concepts had a great significance in the French political revolution for they moved people into action.13

On the other hand, hardly is there a theory that has no critics in the intellectual world. Some critics argue that Baker’s arguments that the political revolution was due to the words ‘power’ and ‘politics’ in the discourse theory were too shallow to define the revolution.

They argue other oppositional elements must have spurred people into action. They somehow continued to divide the elements of discourse into the classical republicanism, the religious critiques of absolutist policies, and the public opinion. Interestingly, the above elements are sub elements of will, justice, and reason, and hence the Baker’s discourse theory is seen to have had the greatest influence.

The Virtue Politics in France

Virtue is the most significant element of human behaviour. Hence, it was central to the political culture of the eighteenth century and was featured as a discourse in the French monarchy political regime. The political virtue implies an abnegation of individual’s self-interests in the exercising powers in order to achieve a comprehensive devotion of oneself to the goodness of the public.

The political culture of France in the eighteenth century was lacking the exercise of political virtue and hence the reason for the citizen outcry through public opinion for the adoption of new political regime and system.

According to Marisa, it is evident from the modern French politics that the political system of the eighteenth century had three competing and significant political discourses of virtue, whereby each discourse was used to satisfy a different source of political authority.

Looking into the political virtue discourses, the first one is the discourse of a virtuous king. By looking into the king as an individual, he lacked a good personal character capable of ruling diligently, which to some philosophers was a great risk to France and her citizens.14

Secondly, there was a discourse of noble virtue as it was attached only to the elite groups. There were individuals whose skills and prowess were used for state services but lacked the virtue to exercise their mandates for the goodness of the public due to high self-interests.

Thirdly, there was a discourse of civic virtue, which originated from the classical republics of Italy and Greece. In those republics, the civic virtue had been dispersed across all societies, where citizens laid claims on, and through it, they could freely make their case for political rights and justice. French citizens had a great thirst for the right to exercise civic virtue in their state.

However, philosophers added another virtue into the civic virtue in the mid-century. That virtue was defined as a natural virtue, which depicts the desire to care for one another in a brotherly love in an effort to ensure happiness to their colleagues.

The above four virtue discourses created an unwanted political environment to the citizens of France as they felt like they had been denied natural freedom according to Baker’s view of natural law theory, whereby nobody ought to deny another the natural freedom.

According to philosophers and other French thinkers, the French revolution aimed at bringing forth a political system and regime that would uphold virtues, and hence make French citizens virtuous citizens.

The French Enlightenment and Religion

French enlightenment is the root of the political evolution. According to Keiser and Kley, enlightenment is defined as the work of a few intellectuals and their followers.15

By looking into French political revolution, the entire process was initiated by a few philosophers who had a great influence on the French citizens to the extent of solidifying a common public opinion. In addition, through enlightenment, philosophers managed to take advantage of discourses, as described by Baker, that through them the public opinion was motivated into taking political actions.

According to the history of the French revolution, enlightenment was exhibited by the making of the common public opinion. The process was started by a few enlightened in society who passed on their views to the reading society and then moved to the social communication strategy of meeting at social places to share their ideas with people.

That process exhibited a great deal of enlightenment and especially through convincing the public through social forums to the extent of reaching a consensus.

Through the enlightenment, the political culture of the eighteenth century even though it had ancient political regimes, is seen to be having sources of the modern political evolutions and cultures. Enlightenment has a close tie to the religious view more than political view. The main goal of French enlightenment was to achieve a political goal and in so doing, there had to be a motivation of the public.

The intellectual elites had to take religious concepts and use them to convince the citizens in order to get them into action. Critics argue that philosophers, who were the intellectual elites of the eighteenth century, were schemers and thus they chose to take advantage of the ignorance of the majority in their effort to get their desired political regime and system.

They could only have taken advantage of the citizens by using religious perspectives in trying to convince them on the need to have a new governance system in France. In addition, the monarchy system did not deny people their religious rights and hence it was easier for the intellectual elites, who opposed the monarchy, to use religious platform to get the public into a uniform move.

The enlightened people of France in the eighteenth century were moved by the desire to have a change of the governance system from monarchy that did not allow for social freedom and freedom of citizens in the political and government affairs.

The majority of the enlightened people were philosophers, university students, and professors. Their great desire to change the governance system was challenged by the unavailability of communication channels that would get to the majority of French citizens. Secondly, the government did not allow for the freedom of speech as it the case in the modern world.16

The only option for the change pioneers was to use the books and other publications though they were thoroughly monitored by the government in an effort to protect its image and universal public reactions and demands. The intellectuals published their messages in the satirical passages that aimed at denouncing highhandedness and corruption of the few who were in power.17

In most cases, some publications were confiscated and to some extent, their licences revoked. Successful publication and distribution of the information were later boosted by sharing ideas and discussing such messages at social places, in an effort to win the hearts of the public in building a public opinion.

Conclusion Evidently, the French political revolution relied heavily on the French enlightenment. Political revolution could not have been achieved without the intellectual elites who were capable of realising the weaknesses of the monarchical governance system. Unfortunately, the intellectual elites felt the adverse effects of the ills of the existing regimes, whereas the majority who were illiterate and ignorant did not feel such an impact.

Hence, the intellectual elites ought to work hard in trying to convince the public of the necessity of having political system and regime that would empower the public. The intellectual elites faced communication challenges for the monarchical political system could not allow them to advocate for the empowerment of citizens freely.

Hence, they had to use publications and social forums as the most effective ways of communication beside the great risks posed by the ruling monarchy. In order to convince the public and motivate them to take action, the intellectual elites had to take advantage of the religious views and use them to make the public feel the pain of their rights being held hostage by the few powerful people.

Religion was the most suitable vehicle to advance the elites’ revolution because the majority of people ascribed to a certain religion and the monarchical governance allowed people to associate freely with any religious affiliation. Therefore, the revolution and enlightenment inclined more to religious thought than its politics.

Reference List Dijn, Annelien. “The Politics Of Enlightenment: From Peter Gay to Jonathan Israel.” The Historical Journal 55 no. 3 (2012): 785-805

Doyle, William. The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Israel, Jonathan. A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy. Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2010.

Jones, Colin. The Great Nation: France from Louis XV to Napoleon. New York: Penguin, 2002.

Kaiser, Thomas, and Dale Kley. From Deficit to Deluge: the Origins of the French Revolution. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Linton, Marisa. “The intellectual origins of the French Revolution.” In The origins of the French Revolution, edited by Peter Campbell, 139-159. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

Outram, Dorinda. The Enlightenment. London: Cambridge, 2013.

Footnotes 1Annelien Dijn, “The Politics Of Enlightenment: From Peter Gay to Jonathan Israel,” The Historical Journal 55, no. 3 (2012): 787.

2Marisa Linton, “The intellectual origins of the French Revolution,” in The origins of the French Revolution, ed. by Peter Campbell (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), 141.

3William Doyle, The Oxford History of the French Revolution, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 148.

4Ibid, 122.

5Linton, 146.

6Jonathan Israel, A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy (New York: Princeton, 2010) 67.

7Linton, 146.

8Colin Jones, The Great Nation: France from Louis XV to Napoleon (New York: Penguin, 2002), 89.

9Ibid, 93.

10Linton, 144.

11Israel, 122.

12Linton, 145.

13Ibid, 145.

14Thomas Kaiser and Dale Kley, From Deficit to Deluge: the Origins of the French Revolution (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011) 98.

15Ibid, 83.

16Dorinda Outram, The Enlightenment (London: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 65.

17 Ibid, 86.

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A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Dear Sir, I am writing to you about the short story that might be published in the upcoming issue. In particular, I would like to speak about William Faulkner’s A Rose for Emily since it can appeal to many well-educated readers who buy our magazine. It has been selected among others for several reasons. First of all, the author enables the readers to feel the atmosphere of the American South after the end of the Civil War.

By describing a fictional Yoknapatawpha County, William Faulkner recreates various aspects of American life. The time of the action is not specified by the author, but one can deduce that people live at the end of the nineteenth century. This is one of the details that can be singled out.

William Faulkner examines the.tensions between Southerners and Northerners by showing the people’s prejudices against Homer Barron. In my view, the readers may be willing to learn more about this issue. So, this short story can be important for understanding the culture of the United States as well as possible tensions within the society.

Moreover, it is important to mention that the writer creates a very interesting plot. For instance, the author creates a non-linear narrative which portrays the life of the main character Emily Grierson during different periods. In this way, the writer shows how the personality of Emily Grierson evolves. The writer subtly describes the events and factors which could have shaped her behavior.

This approach to writing can appeal to many readers. Moreover, William Faulkner adds a shocking ending to his short story, and it will produce a profound impression on the readers. To some degree, this short story has the elements of a thriller, and the plot is very engaging. This is another reason why this literary work can be published in the upcoming issue of our magazine.

This short story is also interesting because it portrays the struggles of a person who does not to accept the changes in external environment. For instance, he does not want to admit that she no longer lives in the antebellum South. William Faulkner gives a powerful psychological portrayal of this individual and seamlessly incorporates it into the plot. In my view, this goal cannot be easily achieved by many writers.

This is one of the main details that can be identified. I was astounded with the way in which the writer characterizes the main characters by using only several phrases. In my opinion, other readers may also find this writing style very enjoyable since it prompts a person to use his/her imagination while thinking about the protagonist or secondary characters.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, the author’s work can be viewed as a great example of Southern Gothic. William Faulkner relies on grotesque images that enhance the sense of mystery. For instance, the readers do not know what is hidden in the house of Emily Grierson. Moreover, the personality of the protagonist remains unknown to the reader until the very end of the narrative.

Nevertheless, this short story can be seen as a great example of realist literature since William Faulkner meticulously describes the life of a Southern American town. One can understand the challenges that this people encountered or the way in which they could perceive the world.

This is one of the things that may attract the attention of readers since the ability to combine realistic and Gothic literature is not very widespread nowadays. This quality can distinguish William Faulkner among other writers. This is one the main aspects that can be identified.

Apart from that, I was impressed with the author’s approach to narration. William Faulkner’s novella is told by the collective voice of the town. The author uses the personal pronoun we and the readers do not know to what extent he/she is familiar with the main characters. One cannot determine whether the collective voice is omniscient or not.

This narrator makes the story much more arresting because readers do not know how the narrative will evolve or what kind of decisions the characters can take. This is another reason why I selected this novella among short stories that were submitted for publication.

In my view, this short story can be of great interest to people who read our magazine. It has two elements that you value. In particular, I can speak interesting plot and the presence of many thought-provoking details that the readers will like. I do hope that this text can be included into the upcoming issue of our magazine. Certainly, there may be other short stories that are also worth attention.

Their literary merits cannot be disregarded. Nevertheless, I believe that this novella combines the best qualities that are valued by the audience of our magazine. This is why it can be incorporated in the following issue of the magazine. So, hopefully, you will consider this short story. In my opinion, the readers will not be disappointed.

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Discrimination in the Workplace Essay writing essay help

In Ricci v. DeStefano, the U.S. Supreme Court made a contentious ruling on workplace racial discriminate practices. In the case, eighteen firefighters from New Haven’s fire department had sued their employer for engaging in discriminatory practices. Seventeen of the firefighters were Caucasian while one firefighter was Hispanic. The officials of the fire department refused to promote the fire fighters.

This is despite the fact that they had passed promotion tests. The officials refused to promote the employees since none of the black firefighters had passed the promotion tests with marks that warranted promotion (Fitter

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Hegemony Theories Synthesis Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Leaders apply different forms of ruling all over the world. Some of the methods are still in use in the modern form of governance. Cultural structure affects the framing of leadership. Some leaders use their power to dominate every action needed to be taken in line with leadership responsibilities.

The article ‘torture’ has related the old and the modern forms of governance by highlighting the relationship between leaders and their subjects. Some leaders humiliate law offenders and anyone resisting their governance.

Different theories put forward by scholars describe the cultural and leadership aspects in an organization. An example is the hegemony theory referring to modes of governance where leaders dominate every action. The article also highlights power and knowledge, and the way they are perceived by the society.

Hegemony is a good example of theories touching on power and dominance in an independent society. This refers to imperial dominance- where leaders assume total power and ignore the peoples’ opinions. This form of ruling has its roots in the old days where leaders ruled on a geopolitical form through dominating other states.

The method of ruling was magnified in the 19th century where nations started dominating others affecting their internal independence. Scholars have argued that hegemony was the cause of colonialism that was widespread in the world in the 18th century. Powerful kingdoms and nations could take full control of the affairs of less powerful nations and African continent was the major victim of the ruling (King 203).

This causes cultural imperialism which is one of the most common forms of political ruling in the modern world. This is where a leader dictates political action by using his powers as the dominant factor. The article discusses this form of governance by stating that leaders assume total powers and think that they are invincible. Knowledge has a stake at this form of leadership. The educated dominate coming up with policies.

They enact laws that favor their agendas, therefore, dominating those with little knowledge on the issues affecting the nation (Piaget 38). Leaders are able to suppress any rebellion from the subjects by using armed forces. They do their best to remain in power and elevate themselves to top positions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Structuralism is another theory scholars use to explain the cultural aspects and the way people relate. This requires people to understand their relationship with things around them, and how they think about the nature. This theory is traced back in the early 18th century before civilization took place.

People loved their cultural lives, and this means close relationships and interactions. They had enough time to reflect on the tangible things around them. People thought that they were in touch with nature, so their feelings grew as they interacted with the natural environment. Scientists and scholars have developed this theory and applied it in psychology and anthropology.

Structuralism was applied in linguistics where scholars studied language development. In linguistics, structuralism is used to trace the detailed relationship words and things designated by such words. Changes in words and their meanings have also been explored; enabling scientists to trace the origin of words and their meanings.

The theory has also been used at the study of culture where social anthropology is given much attention in the study. This is the widest part where religion and people’s way of life are explored. This research reliably analyses the ancient and modern way of human life.

Structuralism is applied at the article where it touches on the way of life of the people (Foucault 16). It talks of knowledge and power and how these aspects determine the way of life of the people. From the article, knowledge and power are related. Leaders are assumed to be people with adequate knowledge. They acquire an obligation to run political affairs of the people.

Another theory used to reflect people’s way of life and relationships between different races is orientalism. The term refers to the way Arab nations are stereotyped to have exaggerated views. Western nations imagine and perceive Arab nations as common threats to world peace.

The theory also explores the relationship between power and knowledge in the society. It states that “knowledge dictates power”; this is witnessed in situations where knowledgeable people become powerful leaders. There is a great relationship between the educated and those in power (Chomsky 38).

We will write a custom Essay on Hegemony Theories specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Scholars have come up with theories to explain the general structure of society. These theories show the internal organization and people’s way of life. Relationships between cultures are also explained because one culture may affect the affairs of another.

Leadership is also explored where knowledge is seen as the basis of getting into leadership. Some leaders use their powers to dominate and humiliate their subjects. Knowledgeable people in the society are given a chance to take leadership positions. They are able to achieve this because of their ability to outwit the rest of the society. Their knowledge is an advantage in their quest for power.

Works Cited Chomsky, Noam. Hegemony or survival: America’s quest for global dominance. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2003. Print.

Foucault, Michael. Discipline and punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage Books, 2006. Print

King, Richard. Orientalism and religion postcolonial theory, India and ‘the mystic East’. London: Routledge, 1999. Print.

Piaget, Jean. Structuralism. London: Routledge, 2000. Print.

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Difference Between Silent Films and the Contemporary Movies Research Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Main Body

The Golden Age

References

Introduction Louis Lumiere receives recognition for inventing the moving image camera in 1895. Lumiere’s tool kit was significantly small considering the civilization at the time. It functioned as a camera, a motion processor and a display all folded in one.

Lumiere would film in the morning, develop it after lunch and display it for his audience during supper. His first motion picture was the entrance of the locomotive at Ciotat (Cook, 2004). Cinematography developed into complete maturity during the silent era (1895-1930).

In the late 1920s, synchronized sound was developed with the invention of Vitaphone system (Cook, 2004). Since that time, films have been produced with perfect sounds and dialogue. The striking difference between films produced during the silent era and the modern movies is the absence of sound in the former.

The introduction of sound in movies had far-reaching implications on movies. For example, the overacting evident in silent movies disappeared with the introduction of sound. This study examines the difference between silent films and the contemporary movies in terms of the synchronization of sound with motion pictures.

Main Body Human desire to document himself in activity dates back to early cave images. Clear examples are in existence in France and Spain. The Indonesian leathered puppet silhouette performance is a later illustration worth mentioning. Filigree performance silhouette are projected on a display as entertainment.

Movies that were produced later did not contain synchronized sound although they were accompanied by sound such as directives from directors or live performances as the movie was being projected (Christie, Felperin

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Microsoft Case Study essay help online

Introduction The rapidly growing world of industrialization and globalization has witnessed a sharp growth of industries, which are substantial in economic and social growth. Technological advancement is probably one of the major characteristics of the industrial revolution in the postmodern world with virtually every important aspect of a technical profession, largely relying on technological support to operate efficiently.

Notwithstanding their aptitude to integrate business ideas that support them through the rapid diffusion globalized economy, corporate organizations are facing unrelenting challenges in their operations. Since its advent into the corporate world, Microsoft Corporation has been arguably one of the prevalent corporate names in the technology industry, with its performance positioning it among the fortune 500 organizations.

Analogous to other organizations, Microsoft has also been facing challenges that have marred its corporate growth. Fundamental to this notion, the purpose of this study is to analyze problems that Microsoft faces and provide possible alternatives and recommendation.

Symptoms of the problems Notwithstanding its long outstanding performance within the technological business paradigm with unbroken performance track record, Microsoft is experiencing something different in the contemporary days. Several critical symptoms to its downfall in the technological consumer market are becoming more eminent in the current days.

Dropping in Microsoft’s market value is one of the first symptoms that significantly demonstrate possible problems confronting Microsoft Corporation; hence, its fall in market prominence and dominance in the last two years before the advent of Apple, which has proved to be one of the world’s most honored technological companies.

Another significant symptom to the problems marring corporate growth is the gradual loss of human capital that has been forming potential strengths to the initial success of Microsoft Corporation.

As postulated from the case study, Microsoft is gradually losing a majority of its innovative human resources to the prevailing competition with many of its top executives withdrawing from the organization either through formal work retirement process or attracted by competitors.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Microsoft third most possible symptoms to its current problems is technological eschew or stagnancy with the case study report indicating that Microsoft is steadily losing value and lagging behind its competitors as the company has failed to continue producing modern technologies including gaming devices, tablets, mobile phones, and other media.

From its initial growth in productivity that made almost all its employees virtually millionaires, one of Microsoft’s significant symptoms of downfall is its low revenue generation as compared to its operating income. This performance trend started stagnating and fluctuating from the beginning of 2008 towards 2010.

From the case report, employee rapport with Microsoft Corporation started dwindling following the company’s inability to handle integral employees concerns including low pays of wages and reduction of benefits despite the company’s ability to record high profits. Indicative of these symptoms, Microsoft is now struggling to deal with numerous problems within its operations.

Problem statements Microsoft Corporation is facing a continuum of challenges in the recent days. One of the major problems that form a great challenge in the progress of Microsoft within the technology realm is low productivity, underproduction, or simply poor organizational performance. Microsoft is gradually falling short of market performance, which is characterized by low performance as opposed to its initial phenomenal success.

Also, as a software giant, flagship products are becoming rare. From the case report produced by the Wall Street, Microsoft was lagging behind its competitors in almost all aspects of business including technological advancement, marketing techniques, and relatively low financial capacity following the invasion of other technical companies.

Management is one of the critical success factors that determine the initiation and resilience of the organizations in its operations. Organizational management is normally responsible for administering leadership techniques that determine organizational performance as it controls both human and financial capital.

According to the case, as provided by Wall Street, poor management is one of the potential problems affecting Microsoft in the contemporary days within evidence of bureaucratic management that has significantly affected creativity and stock performance.

We will write a custom Case Study on Microsoft specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The case study indicated that innovative workforce is withdrawing with members claiming that Microsoft was responding too slowly to technological changes and other employees cited that Microsoft failed to address their concerns.

Any modern company aims at organizational success that is currently achievable by addressing significant production factors including actively focusing on quality of products that meet customers’ demands and preference. Research on this case study unveiled that Microsoft is currently facing stiff market competition from potential competitors in the technology industry, including the rapidly growing Apple, Mac, and Linux.

With demand for advanced technologies cutting across different devices and services, Microsoft is facing technological competition from the PC market to its services, including the Windows division that provides computer-enabled operating systems. This competition is stiffening from software production to hardware systems, which were Microsoft’s main tools for competitive advantage.

Problem Analysis Low and deprived productivity

Organizational productivity is determined by numerous factors that entail financial comportment and market performance. From the case study provided about Microsoft, market performance and financial status clearly indicate that Microsoft is currently surviving under deprived productivity.

Discussing on financial performance that signifies performance or productivity in organization, Exhibit 3 provided in the study can significantly demonstrate this concern. A closer analysis of annual financial statements of revenue and operating income of Microsoft from 2008-2010, the company’s financial stability is dwindling.

The financial statement indicates that Microsoft has been recording profits, but in quite unstable performance characterized by hikes and drops between the years. In 2008, the company recorded $ 60, 420 million values of revenue and $22,217 operating income (loss).

In 2009, the company recorded annual revenues worth $58,437 and reported annual operating income worth $20, 363. This financial performance trend proves that the company is recording unsteady performances.

Management

Management forms an integral part in organizational performance as policies and objectives articulated by management and their competence normally influence organizational success. One of the useful indicators that point to management failure in Microsoft is the continued employee-management wrangles that have posed serious issues in the company.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Microsoft by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As indicated by the report, despite its uninterrupted track record in attracting and retaining significant human capital, the company has in the recent past witnessed a substantial loss in its key creative human resource. Top executives attached to business long term endeavors have resigned and others sought employment from other potential employers.

The current management has failed considerably in handling essential employees’ concerns including complaints regarding wages and benefits reductions, characterized by a widening compensation gap between executives and employees.

The management’s laxity in adopting new technologies that are integral for intensifying competition in the technology industry is keeping the company at stake, thus forcing it to struggle in the market performance.

Technological market competition

The response to the market demands and customers’ preference for certain products is currently one of the paramount business factors that entrepreneurs have recognized to have a potential impact on a firm’s stability. A key problem facing management in Microsoft is the constantly rising technological market competition that in most occasions has found the company unwary.

The fast pace at which other technologies are rising and their capability to respond to the rapid technological changes has created enormous problems to Microsoft. The company has lagged behind in realizing innovations involved in new technologies, including supporting the development of gaming services, tablets, mobile technologies, and other sources of media.

Microsoft has failed to recognize the rising demand for Smartphone technologies and continued to perform in dwarf of PCs. The company is performing dismally in server and tools and in providing online services while at the same time, the entertainment and devices section are dwindling in its performance in the technology market.

Alternatives for the problems and their Evaluation Problems normally occur in businesses, but they only become detrimental when alternatives and approaches to handle them never emerge. The main problem in the case of Microsoft that has a significant influence in the existence and continuation of others is the issue of management itself. The management is arguably part of barrier to implementation of important strategies in Microsoft.

In a bid to reclaim its aptitude and performance in the rapidly changing technological industry, reshuffling and changing the management style is paramount for positive results in Microsoft Corp. Bureaucratic management stifles performance and each significant change will begin by streamlining the management.

As stated from the case, the current management is autocratic and tyrannical, with little expertise as top executives, including the current C.E.O Steve Ballmer have not received any credible welcome from directors and employees.

Attracting and retaining innovative workforce to help in innovating new technologies would help in reshaping Microsoft Corp. as talented human resource is imperative in analyzing problems, making critical decisions, and supporting management with progressive ideas.

One of the essential factors to consider in the technology industry is the trendiness in the products as integrating services and products with significantly advanced technologies would greatly aid in improving the market demand for its products.

After identifying innovative workforce that would produce competitive products and brands, it would be significant for Microsoft Corp. to consider expanding its market through strategic marketing techniques and enhancing the prevailing partner relationships. The restructured managed is capable of building more powerful partners.

Course of action (Recommendations) Step 1: The entire action plan would require one year for effective implementation. Each step would require three months. The first would be a three-month strategic action plan development, which denotes the beginning of changes. The first step would involve revamping the management to allow integration of significant changes in Microsoft Corp. Designing implementation committee is integral in this phase.

Step 2: The second phase of change that would create significant change to Microsoft is attracting new and innovative workforce that would help in generating ideas on developing new technologies. The new management can practice this aspect throughout the company’s operations, though for the start, three months are adequate to identify the desired workforce competent enough for improving Microsoft.

Step 3: In three months, the new talented workforce will work with the management team in critical decision making to improve the company’s operations including changing and designing new and advanced products that follow the market trend. This move would help restore the company’s reputation on the quality of products and subsequently improve its market rapport with clients.

Step 4: The last step that would significantly place Microsoft Corp. in the best market position would involve developing a global marketing team and designing strategic marketing plans that will aid in expanding the market share for products of Microsoft. For instance, a huge marketing team to market the new windows 7 and Windows 8 is paramount.

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Horror Movies: We Are What We Are Research Paper essay help free: essay help free

When marketing a horror movie, it is essential to take into account a number of peculiarities of this genre. Horror movies have specific audience and tend to explore certain topics. As far as Jim Mickle’s “We are what we are” is concerned, it requires special attention. First of all, this horror movie is a remake of the Mexican movie called “Somos lo que hay”.

However, Mickle did not intend to simply translate the movie into the English-speaking reality, but he retold the story from a totally different angle (Olsen 2013). Thus, Mickle’s family consists of parents and three children (two daughters and a son). Notably, the protagonist’s wife dies which is one of the first major surprises for those who have seen the Mexican movie (McDonagh 2013).

There are lots of other surprises which make the viewer understand that the American version is a totally different story. Therefore, while marketing Mickle’s movie, it is possible to focus on such aspects as peculiarities of remakes, sequels and prequels, the movie’s audience, religion and traditions, and feminism in horror films. These aspects will draw the potential viewers’ attention and they will bring people to the cinema.

In the first place, it is important to focus on such aspects as remakes, sequels and prequels. Mickle stresses that his film is a brand new story with some remains of the original story (Turek 2013). It is crucial to make the potential viewers aware of the fact that the movie is based on Jorge Michel Grau’s “Somos lo que hay”. Firstly, it will attract attention of those who watched the Mexican movie.

They are likely to wish to see the American version of the film they appreciated. Admittedly, it is always interesting to view the story from different perspectives. Of course, it is necessary to stress the fact that the story is shown from a different angle to foster those viewers’ interest.

Secondly, the reference to the Mexican movie can also attract those who have not seen the original. The marketers should make this group of potential viewers aware of the fact that the Mexican film is a success and has attracted a lot of attention worldwide.

Furthermore, it can also be fruitful to mention that the filmmakers are considering the possibility to work on the prequel and sequel. Kohn (2013) notes that Grau is already working on the sequel. The very existence of a sequel and/or prequel is often seen as a proof of high quality.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If the filmmakers are interested in exploring the past and the future of the main characters of the story, it means the story is rich and a variety of angles to look at. Admittedly, people eagerly watch movies which are regarded as successful and high-quality products. Therefore, the marketers should pay special attention to this aspect.

Apart from this, the marketers should not forget about the movie’s genre. It is a horror story set in an ordinary American town. There are no monsters or aliens but it is a horror story that creates the necessary tension. The marketers should also point out that the remake is based on an Indie horror film. Erbland (2012) claims that Mickle translates the Indie story into a movie with a wider audience.

People are often attracted by Indie films which become a topic of a heated debate. Indie films are often seen as a product for a group of the chosen who can understand the message and appreciate the movie. “We are what we are” is a good chance to become a part of the group of chosen and the marketers can also use this aspect in their strategies.

Nevertheless, though the genre of the movie has already been identified as a horror movie, it is possible to state that “We are what we are” refers to another subgenre. The story is not a pack of horrific situations and monsters killing people. The story explores a variety of psychological and spiritual issues. The family has certain traditions and they are trying to preserve them as well as fit in the society.

There is a constant struggle within the main characters who try to come to terms with themselves and people around them. Apart from pure psychology, the movie is grounded on spiritual aspect of human life. Catholicism as well as devotion to the family is central to the film in question.

Hence, it is possible to note that the work in question is a psychological and spiritual horror movie. The marketers should pay certain attention to this as people are always interested in new genres and new aspects of something they know well.

These three aspects do not only help to market the movie, but also provide a valuable insight on potential audience of the movie. As has been mentioned above, fans of (or just people who have seen) the Mexican original can be a part of the audience. People interested in Indie movies and their remakes can also be a part of the audience.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Horror Movies: We Are What We Are specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, the major part of the movie’s audience will include people who like horror films and suspense. At present, horror films are popular and they have already become a part of the contemporary culture (Teusner 2005). Therefore, while marketing the movie, it is necessary to focus on this group of viewers.

Admittedly, to attract people’s attention to any film, marketers have to mention certain issues explored in the film, if any. When it comes to the movie in question, it addresses a number of serious issues which are now in the spotlight. For instance, one of the major themes in the movie is religion and adherence to traditions. It is important to highlight this aspect of the film.

Thus, Teusner (2005) claims that horror movies have always referred to religious beliefs and tried to explore a variety of religious issues. The family in the film is a group of devout Catholics. At the same time, they cannot be regarded as righteous people.

Thus, Mickle explores the gap between religion and the contemporary world, i.e. religious values and individuals’ actions. Clearly, this topic appeals to lots of people and discussion of these issues is likely to attract potential viewers’ attention to the film.

Furthermore, the topic of traditions is also transparent in the film. The members of the family do not simply want to commit certain crimes due to their sinful nature, but they follow certain tradition which has existed in the family for generations. The filmmakers try to explore the extent to which it is acceptable to keep family traditions.

Mickle shows that some families can have peculiar traditions which make them totally different from the rest of the world. The founding father of the family started the tradition and the contemporary members of the family do not think they have the right to stop it. They believe they are doing the right thing and are not going to change their ways as it is impossible to change own nature.

Notably, people living in the modern globalized world are often preoccupied with preservation of their identity (ethnical, religious, etc.). Thus, the movie is also a reflection of the modern society and different groups within it. This aspect can also be used to market the movie.

Admittedly, one of the major themes in the movie is cannibalism. Mickle tells a story about a family of cannibals. Of course, this is a horror story, but the filmmakers do not create monsters eating human flesh. The Parkers are seemingly an ordinary American family.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Horror Movies: We Are What We Are by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Again, the film refers to the ongoing discussion of the issue. Notably, some people are trying to justify cannibalism or at least find the justification. For instance, Wisnewski (2007) provides a philosophical analysis of the problem.

The author also mentions the Kuru disorder and tries to reveal positive aspects of cannibalism. Importantly, Mickle makes the horror story as real as possible and the Kuru disorder is also mentioned in the film. The film can be regarded as another illustration of the discourse. This realistic presentation of the horror story can also attract people’s attention.

Finally, the marketers of the movie can also resort to the feminist approach. As has been mentioned above, Mickle’s story is totally different from the Mexican original and in the American version females (the mother and the daughters) are central characters.

Brewer (2009) notes that the contemporary culture (movies are a part of the culture) is characterized by feminist approach to different aspects of human life. It is also important to mention that Mickle brings to the fore female’s attempts to remain on good terms with themselves and the world.

Apart from the discussion of the themes revealed in the movie, it is also essential to mention the filmmakers and their expertise. Of course, the marketers should refer to Mickle’s previous works (“Stake Lane” and “Mulberry Street”) which are very successful. Thus, Mickle is now regarded as one of the most successful horror film directors (Tallerico 2013).

He manages to create the necessary tension and the stories he tells are full of suspense. Duhamel (2013) stresses that Mickle creates a number of symbols to explore the issues related to cannibalism.

The story told by Mickle is a combination of a children’s tale about Ogres, children’s nightmares, and discussion of family values (Duhamel 2013). The director brings a horror movie to a new level which is more complete and sophisticated. Clearly, people are now seeking for new experiences and they strive to see new techniques in their favorite genres.

The cast is also worth mentioning as critics praise the performance and state it is really exceptional. For instance, Duhamel (2013) praises performance of the two leading actresses, Julia Garner and Ambyr Chiders. The young actresses manage to reveal the doom of the family. The girls’ appearance and their ‘reluctant’ moves create a really tensed atmosphere of doom and devotion to the family (Duhamel 2013).

Bill Sage, Wyatt Russell and Michael Parks reveal the strong male world where each of them is trying to pursue their goals in their search for self-identity, justice and happiness.

The marketers should stress the exceptional performance of the cast as some viewers (who are not horror movie fans) have certain prejudice and they do not want to watch some horror films as they believe these works are characterized by poor performance. One of the advantages of the movie in question is the great performance, so the marketers should stress this.

It is noteworthy that there is a lot of information on the film available in media. In the first place, the film was premiered at Sundance Festival and it was praised by critics. It was also shown at Cannes Festival where it was also warmly accepted. Admittedly, these two movie festivals are influential and positive reviews from critics can be seen as certain evidence of the movie’s high-quality.

The marketers should stress the movie’s success at the two festivals. Favorable attitude of critics is one of the reasons to watch a movie. It is widely known that people tend to rely on critics’ reviews. Therefore, the marketers should refer to numerous favorable reviews available online.

More so, the very abundance of the information is a sign of the movie’s value. If people keep talking about a film, it means the film is worth seeing and viewers should understand that Mickle’s movie has been discussed for months. It can be useful to refer to some peculiarities of the movie’s production. Thus, Mickle’s struggle with the ‘bad’ weather can foster people’s interest to the film.

The director tends to stress that the major symbol and even the ‘character’ of the film is rain (Tallerico 2013). Mickle claims that the story is set in the middle of a natural disaster, i.e. heavy rains, storms and flood. The place was chosen with specific deliberation, but they did not have rain.

The way the director created the ‘natural disaster’ and the atmosphere of certain rainy doom is worth specific attention. This curious detail can draw a lot of attention to the film as well.

In conclusion, it is possible to note that “We are what we are” is a horror movie which is rather easy to market. The film has already attracted a lot of attention and there is a lot of information in a variety of film magazines. While marketing the movie, it is possible to focus on numerous aspects of the film. First, it is essential to mention the original Mexican version.

The marketers should also pay special attention to the movie’s genre which is different from a mere horror movie as it is full of psychology and spirituality. It is crucial to make the potential viewers aware of the upcoming sequels and prequels. Besides, the marketers can refer to the major themes in the film. Such themes as religion, traditions, cannibalism and feminism have been topics of quite heated debate recently.

Finally, it is also important to mention the cast’s performance which has been praised by many critics. Al these aspects are likely to attract potential viewers’ attention. Notably, the audience of the movie is really wide as it can include horror movie fans, psychological thrillers fans and those who are interested in exploring the issues revealed in the film.

Reference List Brewer, C. 2009, The stereotypic portrayal of women in slasher films: then versus now, Thesis, Louisiana State University. Web.

Duhamel, M. P. 2013, Cannes 2013. “Did you eat my daughter?”: Jim Mickle’s ”We are what we are”. Web.

Erbland, K. 2012, ‘”We are what we are” getting an American remake from Jim Mickle and Nick Damici’, Film School Rejects. Web.

Kohn, E. 2013, ‘”We are what we are” director Jim Mickle and Jorge Michel Grau discuss remakes, sequels and why their movies aren’t really about cannibals’, Indiewire. Web.

McDonagh, M. 2013, ‘American gothic: Jim Mickle’s “We are what we are” reimagines 2010 Mexican horror hit’, Film Journal. Web.

Olsen, M. 2013, ‘Director Jim Mickle sinks teeth into “We are what we are” remake‘, Los Angeles Times. Web.

Tallerico, B. 2013, Exclusive interview- Jim Mickle explains why ”We are what we are”. Web.

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Krishna Das (Jeffrey Kagel) Research Paper essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

Bibliography

Style of music

Discography

Influences

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Krishna Das is a vocalist from the United States of America. He was born Jeffrey Kagel in 1947. He is famous for compositions and performances in a music genre known as kirtan. He has released eleven albums since he started his music career in 1996. Das is the most famous American singer of the kirtan genre of Hindu music. Even though the music style is not very famous, he has sold more than 300,000 albums worldwide.

His versatility and creativity are the main reasons why his music is famous in the western countries and certain regions of eastern countries (Dwyer and Cole 39). His prowess is evident form the number of records sold and albums produced in a genre that is not common among artists in the world.

Bibliography Das was born in the year 1947 in New Hyde Park, Long Island. In his childhood days, he learned to play several musical instruments such as piano, cornet, and baritone euphonium. He was an active music participant in high school, and played the euphonium as a member of the Marching Band (Titon 46).

The first genre of music that he was interested in was rock ‘n’ roll. In his teenage days, he became involved in basketball, which he played during the day. However, during the night, he attended music concerts by artists such as Skip James and Bukka White.

His interest in music intensified when he joined Stony Brook University (Titon 48). He joined a group of young people and formed a band but later separated from them. Afterwards, he joined the State University at New Paltz to study Eastern philosophy. However, he dropped from the university after a short period.

However, his stint at the university was fruitful because he met Ram Dass, a spiritual teacher who influenced him significantly (Propp, 51). At one time in his life, Das found himself at crossroads. His childhood friends invited him to join their band. On the other hand, his spiritual teacher invited him for spiritual lessons.

He chose to follow Dass, and they both travelled to India in 1970. He participated in several pilgrimages together with his spiritual teacher. He learnt Bhakti yoga and as a result started to chant hymns (Propp 53). After two years in India, he returned to America on a short visit with intentions to return.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, after the news of the death of his yoga teacher, he decided to stay in America. To fight grief, he practiced yoga and joined other artists to form a band called Amazing Grace (Propp 53). The band performed and recorded several Indian songs. Das also formed a recording studio known as Triloka Records.

Style of music Das specializes in Hindu devotional music popularly known as kirtan. Kirtan involves singing while chanting the name of God (Titon 62). He is known for his expertise in combining traditional Hindu chants with modern instrumentation and melodies. As a result, he has been labeled as a rock star.

His style of music has made him the best-selling chant artist in the world. In other instances, he mixes chanting with rock ‘n’ roll. For example, his album titled Heart As Wide As the World was produced by incorporating aspects of both kirtan and rock ‘n’ roll (Titon 63). His music style incorporates several aspects of western music such as chord progressions and instrumentation.

His performances start at a slow pace and gradually grow into fast chants. Chanting is an important aspect of Devotional Yoga that characterizes kirtan. In some cases, his performances start with devotional chants that are accompanied with instrumentation, and later followed by chants without accompaniment. Some performances include yoga teachers who guide participants in sessions of devotional meditation.

Discography Das had produced 11 albums since he started his musical career in 1996. His first album was titled One Track Heart. It included chants from traditional Bhakti yoga. The second album was titled Pilgrim Heart and was produced in 1998 (Dwyer and Cole 44). It featured an artist known as Sting. His third album was titled Line on Breath while the firth album was titled Breath of the Heart.

The fifth album, Door of Faith, was released in 2003. Three years later, the album All One was released. The album is a remake of the mantra of Hare Krishna that combines contemporary styles and South African traditional styles. Other albums include Gathering In the Light, Flow Of Grace: Chanting the Hanuman Chalisa, Heart Full of Soul, Heart As Wide As the World, and Live Ananda (Dwyer and Cole 45).

Flow of Grace was released in 2006 as both a book and a CD. It contained chants from Hanuman Chalisa, and an Indian hymn. Among his albums, Heart Full of Soul is the most unique because it includes songs that were recorded in live performances. Das has sold more than 300,000 albums around the world (Dwyer and Cole 46).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Krishna Das (Jeffrey Kagel) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More His music is more famous and widely accepted in the west than in other parts of the world. Hearts as Wide as World was released in 2010 and it was reminiscent of his youthful days. It explores the development of his music style through fusion of rock ‘n’ roll and certain concepts of Indian spirituality (Dwyer and Cole 47). The album also contains several songs that incorporate both eastern and western instrumentation styles.

Influences Das has influenced many artists significantly. His influence in kirtan motivated fellow musicians including Sting and Hans Christian to produce music together with him. Other artists that he influenced include Prana, Mike D, Stanley Jordan, and Baird Hersey.

He has produced music with many artists whom he influenced with his unique style of chanting. Das is one of the most significant artists in the kirtan genre of music (Dwyer and Cole 69). He is considered to be the greatest artist who has contributed to the growth of the genre. His inclusion of instruments and melodies has contributed towards evolving the genre, which has increased its acceptance in the west.

Conclusion The musical contributions and achievements of Das are numerous. He has contributed significantly in the evolution of the kirtan genre of music. Since launching a career in music in 1996, Das has produced eleven albums. He has collaborated with different artists including Prana and Baird Hersey. His style of music incorporates kirtan chants with modern instrumentation and melodies.

Das has been labeled as a rock star because of his revolutionary and versatile style of music. His achievements include emerging the best selling kirtan artist and nomination for Grammy Awards. He has influenced many artists and has great influence in the kirtan genre. He is a versatile artist because he possesses the ability to incorporate several music styles into his own style without altering it.

Works Cited Dwyer, Graham, and Cole Richard. (2013). Hare Krishna in the Modern World. New York: Arktos, 2013. Print.

Propp, Steven. After the New Age: A Novel about Alternative Spiritualities. New York: iUniverse, 2008. Print.

Titon, Jeff. Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World’ People. New York: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.

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