How Biofuels Impact The Food Industry Report College Essay Help

Abstract This report covers the impact of biofuels on the food industry. It shows the rising demands for crops for biofuel production has upset the food system and resulted in higher food prices. Corn and soybeans are in great demands by the biofuel industry because they are the primary sources of biofuels. There is a need for further scientific studies to come with long-term solutions for the food sector and biofuel industry.

Introduction Background

The biofuel industry emanated from a policy to change the use of fossil fuels for energy production and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, protect the environment, and support the agricultural sector. Consequently, the biofuel industry has grown significantly in the recent past years.

Many scholars and professionals have argued that the biofuel industry has negatively affected the agricultural sector since biofuels originate particularly from farm produce. Such effects are profound on land usages, environments, and food prices. The increased production of biofuels and the rising demands will result in high food prices. Moreover, there would be a severe shortage of feedstuffs for animal rearing.

At the same time, new feedstuffs will emerge with different nutritional values. Such new feedstuffs will require further reviews and tests to ascertain their qualities. However, some authors have argued that many studies have overstated the impacts of biofuels on the food industry. They claimed that such studies have ignored the fact that by-products from biofuels are also useful in production of animal feedstuffs (Sneller and Durante, 2008; Taheripour, Hertel, Tyner, Beckman, and Birur, 2008).

Purpose Statement

This paper explores the impact of biofuels on the food industry in order to draw a general conclusion with recommendation.

Definition of the Topic

Most of the biofuels mainly come from crops. Consequently, the use of crops to produce ethanol fuels has raised concerns due to some perceived negative impacts on the food industry. The question has been whether the biofuel industry is sustainable amidst competition for feedstuffs for animal production and its noted influences on food prices globally. Critics have raised issues that concern how biofuels will affect food prices and the expected rise in prices over a long period.

Still, some critics have noted that the biofuel industry will create a severe food shortage globally, which could have detrimental impacts on the developing countries as prices will continue to surge. On the contrary, stakeholders in the biofuel industry and crop production have argued that developments in technologies could boost the agricultural sector to allow it to sustain the growing food demands and meet the world’s demand for clean fuels.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Impacts of Biofuels on the Food Industry Positive Impacts

The use of by-products from biofuel production

In the production of biofuels, there are feed by-products. These include “Dried Distillers Grains with Soluble (DDGS) and biodiesel by-products (BDBP) such as soy and rapeseed meals” (Taheripour et al.,2008, p. 2). Taheripour et al. (2008) noted that such by-products could be used in the livestock industry as “substitutes for grains and oilseed meals used in the livestock production industry” (p. 2).

As a result, such by-products control and reduce the impacts of the biofuel industry on food prices. Further, they argued that economic models have identified the relevance of incorporating by-products from biofuels. Taheripour et al. (2008) noted that some analysts have failed to account for such benefits in their studies during computable general equilibrium (CGE) analyses.

Taheripour et al. (2008) concluded that prices of feedstuffs (cereal grains) increased steadily in the absence of by-products, but the increment was minimal in the presence of by-products (22.7 % and 14 % respectively between 2006 and 2015). The authors concluded that the price of oilseeds increased by 62.5% in the EU between 2006 and 2015 but it increased by 56.4% in the presence of by-products. Therefore, by-products from the biofuel industry helped in reducing food prices (Doppenberg, 2007).

Increased earnings from crop production

From environmental point of view, the world benefits from clean energy produced from crops. In addition, farmers who receive incentives to produce more corn and soybeans and manufacturers who have ready market for their products also benefit economically.

Figure 1: Global Biofuel production (Wheaton, 2008)

Negative Impacts

Inflation on food prices

One fundamental concern is to understand how the biofuel industry affects food prices. The main impact of biofuels on the food industry results from surging food prices. These feedstuffs consist of “corn, soybean meal, soybean oil, wheat, barley, and oats” (Alexander and Hurt, 2007, p. 1), which constitute a significant part of food supply. Prices of food depend on the supply and demand.

During the initial stages of the biofuel industry, the demands for corn and soybean oil surged significantly. As a result, the prices for corn and soybean oil increased sharply. Higher prices acted as sources of incentives for farmers to produce more corn and soybean oil by increasing acreage.

We will write a custom Report on How Biofuels Impact the Food Industry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As farmers use more acres for the production of crops for biofuels, fewer acres become available for other crops for food and animal production. In turn, the demand for crops for clean energy production also results in higher prices for crops for food and animal production, which also compete for acreages. This implies that consumer food prices will continue to surge as changes in the crop production affect the entire food system (Hertel, Tyner and Birur, 2008).

However, immediate impacts on rising food prices differ based on specific food items. Any changes in the prices of wheat are notable in the price of flour, bread and other bakery products. This also applies to soybean oil prices, which have similar impacts on cooking oils, salad dressings, and other vegetable oil products. However, manufacturers and retailers might be slow to implement such prices changes to consumers.

The major consumers of corn and soybean produce are poultry and livestock. In some instances, there could be immediate responses when food prices rise. For instance, in the fall of 2006 and winter of 2007 when “corn prices moved up sharply, broiler and egg producers quickly responded by reducing production” (Alexander and Hurt, 2007, p. 2).

The impact was immediate on the prices of chicken and eggs, which rose sharply. In the beef market, the number of cattle for feedlots declined, as well as meat weights in the market. Consequently, supplies of beef declined, but followed by higher prices.

Still, hog producers did not notice any immediate rise in prices. Instead, they experienced decline in profit margins as costs of feed rose. On the other hand, the impact was immediate in the dairy sector as prices of milk surged steadily because of high consumption and demands for dairy products globally. Hence, the production of milk became highly profitable for dairy farmers.

To this end, it is difficult to predict how the biofuel industry will affect food prices or how fast they will rise. In case the world food production increases and keeps pace with current demands, the production of biofuels from crop produce will not have any major increment on the prices of food globally.

Although the rising biofuel industry creates several challenges, including competition for food and subsequent high food prices, effective scientific studies and development could alleviate such challenges in the future since science as solved several human challenges.

The possible rise in food prices

There is no expected hyperinflation on prices of feedstuffs as experienced in the early 1970s as indicated in figure 2(National Corn Growers Association, 2007). This might not happen because of the food systems have become global and a shortfall in a single region could be offset by surplus from another region. Hence, critics could have overstated the impacts of the biofuel industry on global food prices.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How Biofuels Impact the Food Industry by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Figure 2: Yearly food inflation (Alexander and Hurt, 2007)

Conclusion The rising of the biofuel industry and the use of some crops for the production of clean energy have resulted in the rise of food costs for consumers. At the same time, there has been increased competition for such crops between the biofuel industry and animal production. This has extended to the acreages for crop production for animals and the biofuel industry. Although the prices of food will rise, they will not rise sharply and steadily because the impact could be slow with some feedstuffs.

The overall aim for global agricultural sector should be to establish a balance between crops for the biofuel industry and crops for adequate food supply at favourable prices. In the end, the food industry will be able to compete well with the biofuel industry. However, the prices will likely to remain high for consumers.

Recommendation Rich nations should adopt favourable policies to promote efficient use of corn and soybeans. They can limit the amount of corn and soybeans for biofuels and develop policies to protect corn and soybeans for human consumption.

Governments should provide subsidies for clean energy. However, they should not neglect other areas that have traditionally depended on corn and soybeans. Subsidies have led to high income for farmers and increased demand for ethanol. However, they have increased costs of food to consumers.

Rich nations may not be able to export corn and soybeans with high prices. On balance, the government can enact policies to restrict usages of corn and soybeans on ethanol production. This would control the rising costs of food. On global warming, it would be prudent to explore alternative sources of biofuels, which do not affect consumers or raise costs of human food.

Further scientific studies and development could help in alleviating food shortage and high prices in the future.

References Alexander, C., and Hurt, C. (2007). Biofuels and Their impact on Food Prices. Web.

Doppenberg, J. (2007). Biofuels: implications for the feed industry. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Hertel, T., Tyner, W., and Birur, D. (2008). Biofuels for all? Understanding the Global Impacts of Multinational Mandates. Web.

National Corn Growers Association. (2007). Understanding the Impact of Higher Corn Prices on Consumer Food Prices. Web.

Sneller, T., and Durante, D. (2008). Issue Brief: The Impact of Ethanol Production on Food, Feed and Fuel. Web.

Taheripour, F., Hertel, T., Tyner, W., Beckman, J., and Birur, D. (2008). Biofuels and their By-Products: Global Economic and Environmental Implications. Web.

Wheaton, B. (2008). Impact of Biofuels on Meat Production. Web.

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Generations at the Workplace Essay (Critical Writing) best essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Generation Y

Generation X

Baby Boomers

The Mature Generation

Conclusion

Work Cited

Introduction Employees who belong to different generations have varied expectations, skills, and experiences that affect their work both positively and negatively. This paper will identify and discuss the factors that help and hinder the performance of various generations at the workforce.

Generation Y Generation Y employees are techno-savvy. They have excellent skills for using modern information and communication technologies, which enable them to complete their tasks effectively. They are also capable of multitasking at the workplace. Multitasking leads to improved productivity and efficiency. Most generation Y employees prefer clear and direct communication with their bosses (Mullich 49-54). This style of communication not only eliminates misunderstandings, but also facilitates quick decision making.

However, most generation Y employees lack professionalism. They dress inappropriately and lack respect for others’ privacy. Generally, lack of professionalism limits generation Y employees’ ability to provide good customer service and to interact effectively with their colleagues. Generation Y employees’ are not effective in solving problems due to their poor critical thinking skills. In addition, they do not like criticism. As a result, they can hardly improve their performance by learning from their colleagues or their mistakes.

Generation X Generation X employees are confident and often demonstrate high levels of competency in their work. As a result, they are capable of addressing challenges at the workplace effectively. Generation X employees are also likely to succeed in leadership roles due to their willingness to take on responsibility and to put extra effort to achieve their work targets.

Most generation X employees prefer to engage in ethical behaviors (Mullich 49-54). Thus, they are likely to make decisions that improve the image of their organization in the community. Despite these capabilities, generation X employees face difficulties in understanding generation Y employees. This limits their ability to supervise generation Y employees effectively.

Baby Boomers Baby boomers have a lot of experience in executing various business processes. This attribute enables baby boomers to handle crises at the workplace. Good communication skills coupled with willingness to take on responsibility enable baby boomers to provide excellent mentorship and leadership in their organizations (Mullich 49-54). Baby boomers promote ethical behavior at the workplace by supporting strong work ethic.

The major challenge among baby boomers is that they are reluctant to adopt new technologies. For instance, some doctors in their sixties prefer to give paper-based prescriptions rather than online ones in order to avoid misleading their patients. Generally, baby boomers’ performance is negatively affected by their reluctance to adopt new technologies that are being introduced in the modern business environment.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Mature Generation Mature employees are important in every organization due to the vast knowledge and experience that they have. Having a good knowledge of various business processes enables mature employees to solve problems, thereby creating competitive advantages for their organizations. Mature employees are also known for making wise decisions and paying attention to detail.

As a result, they are able to avoid costly mistakes. However, mature employees are sometimes unproductive due to their advanced age and reluctance to embrace new technologies.

Conclusion Each generation of employees is characterized with specific attributes that influence their performance at the workplace. Generally, different generations of employees have unique capabilities that lead to improved performance. Consequently, companies should recruit employees from different generations to improve their competitiveness.

Work Cited Mullich, Joe. “They Do Not Retire them, they Hire them.” Workforce Management 1 Dec. 2003: 49-54. Print.

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Protection of the Innocent Argumentative Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Children are vulnerable people in need of love and protection by their families and the community. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) has been committed to ensure such protection, as specifically stated in Article 2.2: “States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child’s parents, legal guardians, or family members.” (UNCRC, 1989).

Being a signatory in the UNCRC, the UK is one country that upholds the rights of children to be protected. The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) reports that approximately 50,500 children in the UK are at risk of child abuse. As of March 2012, there were 50,573 children included in child protection registers, broken down as follows: England: 42,850; Northern Ireland: 2,127; Scotland: 2,706; Wales: 2,890 (NSPCC, 2014).

The public document on “Working Together To Safeguard Children” (HM Government, 2006) defines important concepts in relation to child abuse. Children are maltreated when there is abuse and neglect involved. Radford et al (2011) conducted a study to determine the statistics of child maltreatment.

They found that one in four young adults (25.3%) and one in five children aged 11-17 years (18.6%) had been severely maltreated as children. 14.5% of young adults and 13.4% of children aged 11-17 of their interviewed subjects have suffered severe maltreatment by their own parents or guardians.

Inflicting harm or acts that do not prevent harm are considered acts of abuse or neglect. Such acts may fall in one or more of the following:

Physical Abuse: “involves hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.” (HM Government, 2006, p.37). Radford et al. (2011) found in their study that one in nine young adults or 11.5% and one in fourteen children aged 11-17 or 6.9% have experienced severe physical violence as children by adults.

Emotional Abuse: the emotional maltreatment causing severe and adverse effects on the child’s psyche. Examples are making the child feel unloved or worthless through name-calling, imposition of tasks beyond the child’s developmental capability, prevention of the child’s social or educational interactions, bullying, and the like (HM, 2006).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Radford et al.’s study (2011) revealed that 6.9% of young adults and 6.8% of children aged 11.17 years have experienced emotional abuse. Many children and young adults have also been exposed to domestic violence between adults while they were growing up, causing the children emotional pain.

Sexual Abuse: is the malicious pressure on a child to be part of a sexual activity. This may include prostitution, rape, molestation or oral sex, looking at or being a participant in the production of pornographic materials, or encouraging children to behave in a manner that is sexually inappropriate (HM Government, 2006).

Radford et al.’s study (2011) revealed that one in twenty children (4.8%) reported they have experienced sexual abuse with physical contact and 90% of these children were abused by someone they knew. 34% of the children who experienced contact sexual abuse were forced by their perpetrators to keep it a secret so they did not reveal it to anyone. 82% of the children who experienced contact sexual abuse by another child kept it a secret.

Neglect: Children also have a right to be protected from neglect. This is the parent’s or guardian’s consistent failure to provide the child with basic physical and/or psychological needs which may result in adverse consequences for the child. Neglect is failure to provide a child with adequate food, clothing and shelter, protection from physical and emotional harm, access to proper medical care and adequate supervision.

Negligent parents or caregivers also fail to address the child’s emotional needs (HM Government, 2006). Neglect was identified by Radford et al. (2011) to be the most prevalent kind of maltreatment. 16% of young adults and 13.3% of children aged 11-17 years reported they had experienced neglect. Radford et al.’s study did not cover reports from children aged 10 and younger, and from the pattern provided by the participants of their study, this statistic is frighteningly left to speculation.

Anda et al. (2005) studied long term consequences of abuse and neglect on children. The victims are also likely to be perpetrators of abuse themselves, repeating the vicious cycle with their own children. Some victims may be in need of psychological therapy lest they suffer from severe depression and other neurotic illnesses or personality disorders. It is also possible for some child abuse victims to engage in delinquent activities such as prostitution, pornography, drug abuse, or crime.

As a solution to the persistent problem of child abuse, it is commendable that many agencies, private organizations and civilians have expressed their desire to join hands with the government in protecting, safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. One important step is reporting child abuse so that it is investigated. Everyone should be vigilant in child protection so that child abuse perpetrators become discouraged to carry out their evil acts or are punished accordingly if they continue harming children.

We will write a custom Essay on Protection of the Innocent specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Anda, R. F., Felitti, V. J., Bremner, J. D. Walker, J. D., Whitfield, C., Perry, B. D.,

Dube, S. R. and. Giles, W. H. (2005). The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood: A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 256(3): 174–86.

HM Government (2006) Working Together to Safeguard Children: A guide to inter- agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. Every Child Matters Change for Children. London: TSO.

NSPCC (2014) Incidence and prevalence of child abuse and neglect. Web.

Radford, L., Corral, S., Bradley, C., Fisher, H., Bassett, C., Howat, N.and Collishaw, S. (2011) Child abuse and neglect in the UK today . London: NSPCC.

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) (1989) Retrieved from http://www.cirp.org/library/ethics/UN-convention/

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Drone Technology and the Future Essay a level english language essay help

The book, “Outliers”, discusses a variety of factors that influence unimaginable success in various fields by incorporating evidence of the achievements of individuals such as Bill Gates and Joseph Flom, and groups like the Beatles. The author, Malcolm Gladwell, examines the influence of different backgrounds on an individual’s intelligence and the ability to arrive at a rational decision.

Malcolm places a lot of emphasis on the need for persistence and dedication when pursuing an objective by repeatedly stating, “Elite performers had totaled 10,000 hours of practice” in their occupation (Gladwell 38). The book highlights the fact that societal settings and notions greatly hamper the realization of the full potential of most people.

Malcolm illustrates that people who achieve outstanding success often appear as rebellious and misfits in the context of the society’s perception of achievement. The author focuses on individuals whose level of success goes beyond the imagination of most people and challenges the reader to analyze the interplay of factors such as family, culture and friendships in influencing the achievements of successful people.

Malcolm claims that successful people get opportunities and resources that are not available to other people, which give them an upper hand in realizing their dreams. An analysis of the history of the drone technology highlights the concept of the 10,000 Hour Rule considering that modern high-tech UAVs came into being due to the initiatives of the19th century scientists and the improvements by their successors.

The preciseness and robustness of modern drones took several decades to achieve just the like the Beatles who achieved greatness by dedicating a lot of time into their music career between 1960 and 1964. The idea of drones dates back to the 19th century when Austrians used unmanned balloons to bomb Venice and later advanced during the First and Second World Wars mainly in Germany, Israel and the United States.

The balloons had limited range, efficiency and precision due to unfavorable winds and the need for very strong batteries to generate electromagnetic fields to fire the bombs. The invention of winged aircrafts advanced the idea of the Austrians regarding unmanned vehicles that pilots could control from a distance. After the First World War, research on radio-controlled aircrafts continued mainly in Britain and the U.S with researchers ascribing the term “drone” to aerial targets controlled using radio systems.

The tactics employed in modern warfare focus on inflicting the greatest damage on the enemy while ensuring minimal risks on personnel. The invention of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has led to a significant decline in the loss of personnel in combat zones. The highly sophisticated telecommunication systems installed in drones allow a crew, positioned miles away, to maneuver the vehicle into dangerous combat zones.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The use of satellite communication links and GPS systems to control the flight of drones such as the Predator and Global Hawk has significantly improved the range for UAVs allowing communication with pilots located thousands of miles away from the vehicle. The control system of a drone may include onboard computer systems or transmitters and receivers that allow remote control from a ground station.

While the launch and recovery of the first prototype of UAVs relied on remote piloting, modern drones mostly employ the concept of autonomous control. Although the concept of drone technology arose in response to the need to reduce the trauma and casualties associated with the crash of military aircrafts and to perform risky operations, there has been an increasing use of drones in civil applications.

“A growing number of entities are using drones for tasks such as policing and patrol, firefighting, surveillance and reconnaissance” (McManus 100). The versatility of drones has seen an increased use of the vehicles in news coverage and documentation of events such as the Sochi Olympics and recent political protests in Bangkok and Thailand.

The future of UAVs seems bright with the current research on Stealth Technology, Thrust Vectoring and supercomputing to allow, “A new era of UVAs that send data on high-bandwidths in real-time through air, water and space” (Springer 193). With the increasing use of drones by civilians, the vehicles will become a necessary acquisition for performing routine surveillance and maintenance tasks in homes, schools and business premises.

The declining cost of manufacturing drones and availability of customized and miniature vehicles has enabled people to own drones at a cost of about 500 dollars. The field of geographic information systems (GIS) will greatly expand in the future in response to the development of drones for all purposes. GIS is at the center of the effective operation of drones because the vehicles rely on software and hardware that allows the analysis and manipulation of spatial and attribute data in real-time.

Geographic referencing facilitates the analysis of patterns and trends in locations, which are easy to present on screens, maps and charts and integrate into network systems. The advancement in the drone technology offers an opportunity through which an intelligent and driven person can attain great success just like in the analysis of successful people in the Outliers.

Works Cited Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: the story of success. New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2008. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on Drone Technology and the Future specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More McManus, Ron . The Drone Enigma. New York: Morgan James Publishing, 2014. Print.

Springer, Paul. Military robots and drones: a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2013. Print.

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Getting the Contract Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Pre-negotiation process is as significant as the real contract negotiation. In this regard, the pre-negotiation process provides a platform for the contractor to approach and manage issues affecting the negotiation. A general perception about pre-negotiation is that the process allows the contractor to determine risks associated with committing into a contract.

In addition, the contractor determines potential conflicts and consequently resolves them in a pre-negotiation process. From this perspective, the contractor uses the process to prepare for the negotiation by adapting co-operative perceptions and behaviors. However, the importance of pre-negotiation is understood by analyzing the concept’s process.

Pre-negotiation stages The first stage in a pre-negotiation process involves participants’ selection. In this regard, selecting participants who have the authority to make decisions is critical (Druckman, 2001). This is essential as it makes the decision-making process easy. Selecting participants with knowledge and skills on matters pertaining to business contracts is vital. Knowledgeable participants ensure that a negotiation process is valuable to the company.

The second stage of the pre-negotiation process involves setting negotiation guidelines. In most cases, negotiations can lead to a conflict and unresolved issues. In this regard, a framework on how negotiation will be conducted requires prior planning (Druckman, 2001). A negotiation framework is critical in reducing risks that may affect the company’s commitment in the contract.

Through negotiation guidelines a company benefit by linking its values with other parties. In addition, a negotiation guideline narrows down the scope of the contract. In general, effective negotiation guidelines are a major factor in determining the success of a contract.

Setting negotiation agenda is another process that requires preparation before the actual negotiation (Druckman, 2001). In this regard, participants from the negotiating parties are to formulate an agenda using their expertise. This process ensures that a consensus to achieve a common goal is realized before negotiation commences.

Moreover, this process ensures that the negotiation does not consume a lot of time. In addition, the pre-negotiation decision to set an agenda eliminates risks and uncertainties associated with the actual negotiation. From this perspective, the company can determine whether the negotiation is valuable or not.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A coalition building activity should be a core element of the pre-negotiation process. This activity ensures that the company’s public image is improved. In addition, a coalition building activity ensures that all procedures and legalities are duly followed during the negotiation process. This saves the company from negative legal implications resulting from contract malpractices.

From a pre-negotiation process, the company should benefit from an improved relationship with the negotiating partner (Druckman, 2001). This is critical for future business opportunities. Collecting and validating crucial information such as supplier cost and contract value is determined at the pre-negotiation process.

Finally, the pre-negotiation process is significant in managing the company’s expectations. Therefore, the company makes the relevant decisions regarding the terms of negotiation, the role of negotiating participants and contract value.

Techniques Companies consider government and relative agencies as potential clients (Watkins, Edwards

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“Evaluating You and Your Business Idea” a Book by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

The paper is aimed at examining the chapter Evaluating You and Your Business Idea from the textbook written by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren. These authors pay attention to the process of goal setting, and they offer some valuable recommendations to future entrepreneurs.

On the whole, these researchers believe that an individual should identify personal and economic objectives that should be attained (Covello and Hazelgren 13). In other words, it is necessary to examine the financial objectives that should be achieved by the enterprise. Moreover, it is vital to quantify these economic objectives (Covello and Hazelgren 13). Furthermore, a person should explain why he/she wants to work in a specific area of business.

Moreover, it is vital to explain how this particular choice can help a person fulfill his/her talents or ambitions. To some degree, these goals included in this plan are consistent with the recommendations offered by these authors. In particular, this plan includes clear economic objectives that are quantified. However, it is necessary to pay more attention to personal objectives because they are not clearly identified. This is one of the drawbacks that can be singled out.

Additionally, it is important to discuss the distinction between short and long-term objectives. This distinction is important for the successful implementation of business plans. In this way, one can better develop the strategies for the development of a business (Covello and Hazelgren 13). Furthermore, this knowledge can help a person see the relations between different steps that will be taken in the future (Covello and Hazelgren 13).

The given plan includes some of the goals that will be attained in the near future. Moreover, it is critical to single out the resources that should be accumulated. For instance, the author of this plan discusses the need to accumulate start-up capital. Apart from that, this plan includes some long-term objectives. In particular, the writer mentions the intention to open new shops within the next four years.

Furthermore, Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren believe that it is necessary to set the timelines for the implementation of the goals (15). However, these researchers also note that in many cases, such timelines cannot be rigidly fixed. Moreover, by focusing only on timelines, a person can make flawed business decisions. This is one of the pitfalls that should be avoided. To a great extent, the plan, which is analyzed, is compatible with the suggestions offered by the authors of this chapter.

Nevertheless, there are some limitations of this plan, and they should not be overlooked. For instance, this document does not clearly show how this venture can gain the loyalty of clients. It is not evident why they will choose the services of this particular café. In turn, this issue is examined by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren who believe that entrepreneurs should differentiate the venture among other companies. This is one of the issues that should be taken into account.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the whole, the discussion suggests when starting up a business venture, a person should clearly explain the steps that will be taken to attain business goals. Moreover, one should clearly identify the resources that will be needed. The elements of this plan are compatible with the recommendations offered by scholars. Nevertheless, the author does not show why the future venture will be remain competitive. These are the main arguments that can be advanced.

Works Cited Covello, Joseph, and Brian Hazelgren. “Evaluating You and Your Business Idea.” Complete Book of Business Plans: Simple Steps to Writing Powerful Business Plans. Ed. Joseph Covello and David Carpenter. New York, NY: Sourcebooks, Inc, 2006. Print.

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Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Overview

Discrimination in Employment

Discrimination in Housing

Discrimination in Ownership of Property

Discrimination in Education

Discrimination in Leadership

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction After 1945, American soldiers returned from the Second World War that had just ended. Their return plunged the nation into a state of economic boom in the housing sector. The economic boom transpired due to the availability of benefits acquired by veterans from the war. However, the period witnessed high levels of racial discrimination against the Black Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Mexican Americans, whom the White Americans deemed as the minority groups.

In this view, the concept of race defined the United States history just after the Second World War because it formed the basis of employment, acquisition of property, and attainment of leadership positions. Therefore, the essay explains that race is concept that is more important than class in understanding American history after 1945.

Overview Race is a concept that highlights the American history after the Second World War. After 1945, America went through a period when racism was highly pronounced. During the period, the Whites believed that people from the minority groups were lesser beings than those from the majority groups (Cowie 49).

The minority groups were in the category of marginalized groups and many services provided by the federal government went to the White Americans. Areas such as employment, education, property ownership, and leadership were a preserve of the White Americans. Therefore, race is a concept that best explains the history of America after the Second World War.

Discrimination in Employment The minority groups in the United States experienced and endured discrimination in employment sector due to the institutionalized racism. The federal government enacted and passed laws that denied the minority groups the chance to work in the United States. The laws governed the terms of employment, working conditions, as well as salaries and wages. According to Sugrue, “Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York played a decisive role in deepening racial inequality in the city” (86).

Moreover, the federal government and private employers were reluctant or unwilling to hire employees of African, Asian, or Mexican origins. Therefore, a number of people from the minority groups worked in plantations such as rice fields, which had poor working conditions and low wages. Most of the employees from the minority groups received very little wages, and subjected to hard work and harsh treatment as opposed to employees from the majority groups.

The White Americans discriminated against the minority groups making them victims of racism in the United States. The federal government redlined the minorities and created a harsh working environment for them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Native Americans received harsh and inhuman treatment from their employers or superiors who perceived them as unimportant beings basing on their color or ethnical background. In workplaces, employers or superiors overlooked employees from the minority groups in aspects such as promotion and increment of salaries or wages. The racial disparity in promotion and salary or wage increments took place irrespective of the performance of the employees from the minority groups.

Therefore, unemployed members of the minority groups demonstrated their anger through riots and strikes organized by unions in an attempt to communicate their grievances to the federal government (Cowie 225). Thus, the minority groups experienced pronounced levels of racial discrimination in places of work orchestrated by the federal government and the private sector. The riots and demonstrations led to the loss of lives and eventually recognition of the minority rights.

Discrimination in Housing Soon after the Second World War, the minority groups became the main target of discrimination under the basis of race and place of origin. The United States federal government introduced policies that segregated people from the minority groups and prevented them from accessing good houses. The federal government limited the access of the minority groups to good housing using the housing administration, which was a body charged with the provision of shelter to the citizens of the United States.

In an attempt to limit equal access to good housing among minority groups, the federal government denied them low-interest loans and forcefully acquired their houses. Sugrue outlines that “Detroit’s public housing was racially segregated” (86). Furthermore, the boom from veterans of the Second World War worsened the housing problem as houses became scarce; hence, cases of discrimination quickly emerged with the scramble for the few available houses.

Most of the White Americans who were house owners declined application for housing from minority groups, but instead accepted applications from White American tenants. Mortgage companies also tailored their policies in a manner that favored the White Americans in the United States.

As a result, many potential house owners from the minority groups found it very difficult to acquire good houses because mortgage prices were high and favored the White Americans. Cowie explains that Martin Luther King Junior campaigned “to support the striking sanitation workers as a building block in ‘poor people campaign,’ a new march in Washington that would be a Selma-like movement on economic issues” (65).

Therefore, minority groups used unions to present their grievances to the government. Additionally, the minority groups lost their houses through forceful acquisition, deception, and fraud to the White Americans. Racial discrimination in the housing sector forced the minority groups to seek shelter in camps and shanties where the living conditions were poor. In some cases where the minority groups managed to get houses, they paid higher amounts of rent than what their White counterparts did.

We will write a custom Essay on Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Discrimination in Ownership of Property After 1945, policies designed by the federal government of the United States favored the Whites and discriminated against the minority groups. Ownership of property among minority groups became a very complex and difficult affair for officials in the government declined their proposals, deceived them, and refused to help them acquire property in the United States.

Although a few members of the minority group had the limited access to property acquisition, the state frequently confiscated their properties and declared them as illegal. Unfair treatment had its basis on the color and appearance of the individuals because of their racial background (Sugrue 8).

During the period after 1945, the federal laws and policies prohibited ownership of property by the minority groups. One of the factors that contributed to the prohibition is the misconceptions held by White Americans concerning the minority groups.

Property owners, managers, and agents discriminated against the minority groups in the sale of properties and business outlets. As a result, many Americans of African, Asian, and Mexican origins failed to acquire properties during the period.

Failure to acquire properties and business outlets by the Africans, Asians, and Mexicans rendered them poor and greatly affected their living conditions. According to Cowie, “Congress for the first time since it went democratic in 1932 passed a tax cut not to redistribute wealth, but to give relief to the middle upper class, suggesting a very new mood among the democrats more broadly” (257).

Therefore, the minority groups in the United States endured discrimination and enjoyed limited rights of property ownership. Some of the ways that the Whites exercised racism included refusal to sell or rent their houses and unequal valuation and appraisal of property. Furthermore, other White Americans who were property owners provided different terms and conditions for the minorities, whereas banks refused to provide loans to the Asians, Africans, and Mexicans living in the United States.

Discrimination in Education Racial discrimination also affected the education sector since many institutions of learning had some forms of racial segregation. After 1945, many schools in the United States belonged to either the White Americans or the minority groups. The federal government discouraged students of color from studying in schools designated for the White American students. Teachers and trainers administered harsh and inhumane punishment on the children from Asian, African, and Mexican origins (Cowie 11).

In addition, trainers entrenched racisms in schools, as they perceived children from minority groups as lesser beings than their White counterparts. Therefore, the trainers gave biased treatment in training, discipline, and grading of the students. Due to the misconceptions held by the students concerning the attitudes displayed by their parents, the White Americans students undermined their colleagues from the minority groups.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The prejudice, which students from minority groups received from their colleagues, led to poor relationships among students in schools and social places where they interacted. “The effects of racial discrimination were evident as they highlight racial differences in urban streets and workplaces” (Sugrue 6). Therefore, the prejudice of students from minority groups also lowered their self-esteem and affected their performance.

Moreover, another form of racial discrimination that the state displayed during the period after 1945 was underdevelopment and the absence of good learning facilities in schools designed for the minority groups and presence of good facilities and good infrastructure in learning institutions designed for the White Americans. Teachers in schools offering education to the minority students experienced challenges in terms of lack of teaching resources and funds.

Teachers mainly from the minority groups joined unions and voiced their grievances to the federal government. Furthermore, educational loans and sponsorships were available to the White American students only, while the children from the minority groups usually dropped out of school or performed poorly due to insufficient funds to facilitate their education or poor quality of learning facilities.

Discrimination in Leadership Members of the minority group who wanted to vie for leadership positions in the United States also experienced racial discrimination. During and after 1945, the White Americans believed that people from the minority groups were unable to provide good governance and leadership. Therefore, any member of the minority group who attempted to vie for any political or leadership position was discouraged and intimidated by the White Americans who formed the majority group.

As Martin Luther King Junior fought against racial discrimination, “Robert Kennedy admired King’s commitment to unite the poor whites and the poor blacks into what the civil rights believed it would a ‘powerful new alliance’ that transcended racial integration and placed social justice on an economic footing” (Cowie 65). Additionally, some states in the United States barred members of minority groups and women from casting their votes.

As the federal government denied the minorities their voting rights, it implies that it was impossible for any member of the minority group to win and get a leadership position. Thus, members of the minority who tried to campaign failed due lack of support from the federal government and voters.

Aspiring leaders from the minority groups who tried to vie for leadership positions received discouragement from the federal government or lacked adequate funds to facilitate their campaigns. The federal government preferred the White Americans, but discriminated against the Native Americans, Asians, Africans, or Mexicans.

One of the main factors that contributed to the preference was the misconception held by the White Americans who believed that women and minority groups did not have capacity to take leadership positions. According to Cowie, leaders from the minority group who tried to campaign were the subject of ridicule and discouragement by the state and the White Americans (63).

In some cases, the White Americans booed the leaders from minority groups in rallies and conferences during campaigns. Therefore, the minority groups remained as marginalized members of the American society for the larger part of the 20th century, after the Second World War.

Conclusion After the Second World War in 1945, America experienced economic boom in the housing sector, which resulted from the pension that war veterans received. Housing and economic boom led to a sharp increase in the demand for housing and affected the economy of the United States. Besides, in the period preceding the Second World War witnessed high levels of discrimination against races from Africa, Asia, and Latin America as the White Americans deemed them as minority groups.

The White Americans exercised racial discrimination in learning institutions, workplaces, and social places such as hospitals and churches. Americans from the minority groups worked in plantations and construction industry as casual laborers where they received meager income.

Works Cited Cowie, Jefferson. Stayin’ Alive: The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class. New York: The New Press, 2013. Print.

Sugrue, Thomas. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. New York: Princeton University Press, 2010. Print.

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Niall Ferguson’s ‘The Ascent of Money’ Essay (Book Review) essay help online free: essay help online free

Introduction Niall Ferguson’s book “The Ascent of Money” is one of the most investigative works that attempt to describe and determine the origin and progress of the financial system in human history. It traces the origin of money as a means of exchange and measure of value, financial systems, institutions and debts.

In fact, the book traces the genesis of the financial system, which the author believes started in Mesopotamia and the ancient Egypt. The author further argues that the evolution of the world financial system was “as important as any other technological innovation and evolution”. In fact, the book attributes the success of human development to the evolution of the financial system.

Methodological approach

Niall Ferguson develops a compressive analysis of the current situation in the global financial system. In this book, the Ferguson derives information from various historical accounts.

Noteworthy, the book uses a review of literature as the study method, which has allowed the author develop a comprehensive historical timeline that begins at Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt. To determine the birth of the monetary system, Ferguson refers to stone and clay tablets discovered from the ruins of various cities in Mesopotamia, Egypt and other parts of Europe and Asia.

Theoretical approach

It is important to note that the author goes beyond analyzing mere historical accounts. He develops an idea of monetary evolution from mere historical accounts. In fact, the author argues that every historical event in the past had a monetary secret that influenced evolution.

In addition, he argues that the evolution of societies was driven by monetary and technological developments. In addition, the author has extensively used case studies to develop his ideas and arguments. For instance, the author refers to the 2008-2010 and 1930s financial crises, calling them as mere examples of the evolutionary trend of the monetary systems.

Comprehensive Book review According to Ferguson, “every historical event has a unique financial secret”. For instance, the European Renaissance, which led to expansive changes in arts, music, education, science and other aspects of life, was backed by a financial secret. It was driven by a market boom, which allowed most financiers of art, literature, music and science make fortunes and accumulate wealth.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author uses the Medici case study to elaborate how aristocrats and capitalists of the time used the prevailing social and political dynamic to make money. Similarly, similar events have taken place throughout human history, which have shaped the history and evolution of the world financial systems.

To develop this argument, the author reviews a wide volume of historical, financial and economic materials. In developing his thesis through literature review and case analysis, Ferguson has divided his book into several episodes that elaborate the history of the world financial system from the primitive trade in Mesopotamia to the modern global system.

An introduction episode provides an in-depth analysis of the current situation in the global monetary and financial system. This chapter introduces the relationship between the monetary system and its history.

In the subsequent sections, the author provides a compressive analysis of the historical timeline through which the monetary and financial systems developed, starting with the primitive financial systems in Mesopotamia to the complex system in the modern world. In addition, the author provides a final section that tends to explain how the monetary systems will descent in the near future.

The first episode provides an analysis of the origin of money, including banking and financial systems. The episode “dreams of Avarice” argues that every civilized society must respond to the forces of demand and supply, which calls for exchange of goods and services. Therefore, a method for measuring value must exist.

This phenomenon explains the origin and evolution of money. According to the author, it is possible to live without money. However, this is possible only when members of a tribal group depend entirely on hunting and gathering. In such cases, the group does not need money because they do not need to save, buy clothes, food and build permanent residence. All what they want is food, which is provided by nature.

For example, the ancient tribes such as the Inca in Americas lived in a world surrounded by massive gold, forest, diamond and other resources, yet they had no interest in the resources because they did not know their worth. However, with the coming of the Europeans, the groups realized that these things were part of their natural wealth. Thus, life changed after the incoming of the financial systems.

We will write a custom Book Review on Niall Ferguson’s ‘The Ascent of Money’ specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Using this historical example, the author attempts to refute the claims and hopes of Marxists and communists that money is evil and will one day end as people work for the common good. Using the North Korean case, Ferguson argues that even the most critics of capitalism and monetary reliance (the Marxists and communists) have found it difficult to dispense money. In addition, Ferguson uses the Nukak Maku case study to explain the relationship between civilization and monetary system.

When the Maku community left their hunting and gathering ten years ago (2002), they found the Colombian civilized society very attractive because basic needs such as food, shelter and clothing are available as long as they have money. Ferguson also traces the origins of the Banking system to the “promises to pay” culture in Babylon, which was an agreement made on clay tablets. In addition, the Medici banking system in Italy and the Shylock culture in Britain are significant events that led to the development of the banking system.

The development of the financial system as the empire of the rulers of the world is explained in the Human Bondage episode. Using historical approach and case studies, the author develops a theory to argue that the bond market of the Italian Renaissance made some families and groups rich because they controlled such things as arts, music, education, books, manufacturing and science. For example, Ferguson says that the Rothschilds were the most powerful family in 1800s because they controlled the bond market and war finance.

These individuals and groups created additional issues such as euphoria, bubble, distress, displacement and discredit. According to the author, these aspects were meant to harness wealth at the expense of the entire population.

Along with these evolutions came a number of other phenomena. For instance, the new market and financial systems brought aristocracy, especially in terms of assets. The evolution of the stock market systems made owning huge sums of money in cash was less attractive because the value of money was set to change due to market dynamics. As such, aristocrats converted their money from cash to property, especially in terms of real estates. In the US and Europe, “homeowners” became the new model of financial controllers.

Lastly, the author talks of the chimerica, a term used in reference to the globalized financial and economic systems in the 19th and 20th centuries. According to the author, globalization started in the 19th century after the financial systems allowed international trade through investment in foreign markets. The western nations actively invested in the east, including Japan and China. Being Rich did not mean owning land or other items at home. Rather, the financial systems allowed foreign investment through banking and stock markets.

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Financial Analysis for Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) Essay college application essay help

Table of Contents Executive Summary

Introduction

Conclusion

References

Executive Summary The published financial statements provide the stakeholders with a narrow insight into the financial strengths and weaknesses of a business. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out comprehensive financial analysis. The paper carried an evaluation of the financial performance of Petrobras. The 2012 annual report shows that the total assets of the company increased from $319,914 million in 2011 to $331,645 million in 2012.

The non-current assets make up a significant proportion of the total assets while on the liability and equity side, the value of total equity is slightly higher than the total liabilities. From the income statement, the amount of sales revenues decreased from $145,915 million in 2011 to $144,103 million in 2012. Similarly, the net income declined from $19,992 million in 2011 to $10,931 million in 2012 (SAC Petrobras 2014b).

Based on the ratio analysis carried out, the profitability declined over the two-year period. Further, there was no significant change in the liquidity position. The gearing level increased over the period. Also, the operating efficiency of the company declined during the same period. Finally, the valuation ratios also declined between 2011 and 2012. Therefore, there was an overall decline in the financial position of the company.

Introduction Petroleo Brasileiro SA commonly known as Petrobras is a multinational company that operates in the oil and gas industry. Specifically, the company deals with “exploration and production, refining, marketing, transportation, petrochemicals, oil production, distribution, natural gas, electricity, chemical gas, and biofuels” (SAC Petrobras 2014).

The company was established in 1953 and it is based in Brazil. It is the industry leader in the Brazilian oil industry and it aspires to be among the top five in the integrated energy companies worldwide. Petrobras is a publicly held company that trade in four stock markets under different ticker symbol.

These are, the BM

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Life Expectancy in the Developing World Cause and Effect Essay essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Food Safety Standards

Rapid Industrialization

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction Certain factors such as poverty, poor health conditions, rapid industrialization, and lack of food safety measures explain why life expectancy is too low in the developing world. Many people in the developing world do not have access to clean water or “uncontaminated” food. Rapid industrialization explains why many countries have a low life expectancy. As described in this paper, rapid industrialization and food safety standards are the major causes of low life expectancy in the developing world.

Food Safety Standards Food safety is a key pillar towards a better life. Different governments use various standards to ensure their citizens consume uncontaminated food. Poor food handling and storage results in poisoning.

Food marketers and producers cannot adopt such “food standards” especially in the developing world. Many people in these countries prepare food using “unhygienic” methods (Condrad, 2000). Some traditional methods of food production are also “dirty”. These examples explain why many people continue to consume “unhealthy” foods. Lack of proper safety measures during preparation, storage, and handling explains why people consume contaminated food (Al-Kandari

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Salvage Bid Company Online Environment Report college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Salvage Bid is a company that puts damaged vehicles up for auction. This organization operates in an online environment. Therefore, this firm has an opportunity to interact with a great number of clients. In this case, the buyers are price-sensitive people, who want to purchase a car. These individuals may not have enough money to buy a brand-new car. Moreover, some of these individuals believe that a damaged vehicle can be repaired at a relatively lower cost.

However, one can also speak about clients willing to buy spare parts. This is one of the issues that should be considered because it is necessarily to understand the intentions of clients. In turn, the sellers are people do not know how to find potential buyers for the goods that they own. Additionally, it is possible to speak about people who may urgently need money for various purposes. These are some of the aspects that should be identified because they are important for understanding the functioning of this business.

In turn, the company can be described as an intermediary that helps buyers gain access to relevant information about potential sellers or available products (Salvage Bid). This approach has been adopted by many organizations that try to benefit from the growing supply of used or damaged vehicles in the country (Pride and Ferell 238). On the whole, one can argue that this auction sites can be viewed as a micro-economic market.

The functioning of this auction incorporates several elements. First of all, the buyers should be the registered members of this website in order to take part in the bidding. Moreover, the bidding itself lasts for a limited amount of time. The main benefit of this method is that it enables a seller to get the maximum price for his/her vehicle.

More importantly, online accessibility of this auction increases the number of potential bidders who may compete with one another (Baye 103). Later, a buyer can take the car from one of the locations. It is important to remember that the customers able to assess the degree of damage (Salvage Bid). So, as a rule, they can make an informed decision about the value of a vehicle. This opportunity is also of great benefit to clients who want to choose the best product.

It should be mentioned that the owners of this website do not disclose the information about the financial performance. They do not specify their net revenues or sales. Nevertheless, there are some data that can be very informative. For instance, every week its collection of vehicles is increased by 70000 new vehicles (Salvage Bid).

Therefore, customers can find choose from a wide range of products. Additionally, this organization has approximately 700 locations (Salvage Bid). Furthermore, the prices for vehicles can range from $50 to $3000 (Salvage Bid). The eventual price depends on the type of damage sustained by the vehicle or its model. This is one of the points that can be made.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overall, these examples indicate that this micro-economic market can be very vibrant. To a great extent, this auction site offers opportunities for both sellers and buyers who want to carry out an economic transaction. The existence of such markets is critical for the development of the economy. These are the main arguments that can be put forward.

Works Cited Baye, Michael. The Economics of the Internet and E-commerce, New York: Elsevier, 2002. Print.

Pride, William, and Ferrell, Oliver. Marketing, Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.

Salvage Bid. “About SalvageBid.” Salvage Bid, 2013. Web. Feb. 26 2014. .

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Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina Research Paper essay help

Introduction Disasters are an integral part of human existence. A major natural disaster to affect the United States in the recent past was hurricane Katrina, which was a category 2 hurricane that made the first landfall on August 25, 2005.

This hurricane was very powerful and by the time of the second landfall, it had attained speeds of up to 140mph (Rojek and Smith 594). Due to its tremendous negative effects, it is considered to be the most destructive and costly urban disaster in US history. The city that was worst affected by this disaster was New Orleans and the government implemented responses to deal with the situation.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which is the United State’s coordinating arm for natural disaster and catastrophes, headed the disaster response efforts. This paper will set out to review the level of preparedness, response, and recovery efforts undertaken by authorities following Hurricane Katrina in order to highlight shortcomings. Recommendations for improvements will be offered to help increase the probability of better reaction in the event of future disasters.

Analysis of Hurricane Katrina Preparedness Level

The level of preparedness for natural disasters in 2005 was very low for a number of reasons. To begin with, the government had dedicated most of its resources to fighting terrorism and the war in Iraq.

Chua, Kaynak and Schubert concede that following the 9/11 terror attacks, the US developed a pattern of placing greater emphasis on protecting the country against terrorist attacks (392). More resources were dedicated to Homeland Security thereby undermining the country’s preparedness against natural catastrophes such as Katrina.

The local authorities did not engage in sufficient preparation for a hurricane disaster in spite of the fact that New Orleans is prone to hurricanes. Before hurricane Katrina hit, a number of studies had highlighted the risk faced by the City. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) had warned that a category 4 or 5 hurricane-strike would have catastrophic results (Rojek and Smith 594). Levee fortification in the area had therefore been proposed, but the construction work did not begin since the city had budget restrictions.

The federal, state and local authorities failed to provide enough emergency supplies in anticipation of the disaster. The US has a sophisticated weather warning system and scientists were able to warn that Katrina was developing into a major hurricane that would have devastating effects.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The National Hurricane Center Director was able to issue warning of an impending large-scale catastrophe after the first landfall on August 25 (Chua et al. 397). In response to these warnings, the federal government directed FEMA to engage in preparations for the disaster. However, the supplies procured in readiness for the disaster were not sufficient since the agency did not anticipate a major disaster (Nunenmacher 8).

Response and Recovery

A significant criticism leveled against local and state authorities concerns the speed of rescue operations during the disaster. The early reactions to Hurricane Katrina in the US were slow with initial rescue efforts being sluggish. Chua et al. note that the federal and state authorities took about five days before implementing full scale evacuation procedures in the storm devastated regions of New Orleans (391). During this time, people were left to spend nights in the cold and without food or water (Nunenmacher 10).

The capability and capacity of the first response teams in the devastated regions were greatly inhibited. The first responders are the most important personnel in a disaster. These are the first people at the site of a disaster and they attempt to mitigate the impacts of the disaster and save lives.

The first response team during hurricane Katrina was made up of the National Guard, local law enforcement officers, firefighters, and medical personnel. There was a catastrophic collapse of these first responders since the hurricane destroyed the National Guard headquarters and some of the vehicles that could have been used by responders were lost to floods. In addition to this, the severe storms that characterized Katrina made it impossible for the police and firefighters to move as the roads were flooded.

The communication network used by FEMA was devastated by the hurricane. Barnes reveals that FEMA did not have adequate backup communication facilities to take over when the telecommunication infrastructure in New Orleans was destroyed by Katrina (605). Due to the loss of electric power and destruction of the towers that supported radio communication, responders were virtually blinded in their operations (Sharman et al. 6).

The ground teams from the federal government were unable to coordinate their operations due to the breakdown in communication network. To make matters worse, there were issues of incompatibility among the radio systems that the emergency personnel were using. Chua et al. elaborate that rescue operations were hampered since local police could not communicate with each other and the rescue helicopters were unable to communicate with rescue boats (398).

As the nation’s coordinating arm for natural disasters and catastrophes, FEMA tried to ensure that the responses to the disaster were well coordinated to avoid redundancy. However, the manner in which this was accomplished was by following procedures that led to time wastage (McGuire 201).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In spite of the deteriorating conditions due to the massive flooding, FEMA continued to make use of bureaucratic procedures in its disaster management operations (Farazmand 400). The federal and state officials in charge of response and recovery failed to make use of local agencies that offered assistance in the disaster.

Recommendations for Improvements Local and State authorities need to respond decisively in the event of a disaster. The government should not wait for politicians to speak out in order for action to be taken, as was the case during Katrina. Instead, resources should be dedicated as soon as the need is identified. It would be better to commit more resources than are needed for a disaster response instead of having a critical shortage of resources. The Federal government has an important role to play in addressing disasters since it has the resources and authority needed for such tasks.

The State and Local authorities should meet the minimum requirements for emergency procedures. Disaster management experts propose these requirements after thorough research on how to respond to a natural disaster. Each city should ensure that the required emergency vehicles are available at all times to aid in swift response.

Chua notes that in the case of Katrina, there was already a Hurricane evacuation plan in place (1519). This plan, designated as “Hurricane Pam drill” required the authorities to provide enough resources for evacuation (Chua 1520). However, the requirements of the plan were not met and this led to slow evacuation during Hurricane Katrina.

The government should invest in an alternative communication channel to be used by rescue personnel in disasters. This would enable effective communication among rescue workers. The negative impacts of the breakdown in communication networks during the Katrina disaster highlight the importance of communication in the event of a crisis (Barnes 605).

Traditional communication networks such as mobile phones may prove inefficient during disasters for a number of reasons. Alternative communication channels are therefore necessary for disaster management (Sharman et al. 6). The various communication devices used by first responders should be compatible. This would enable different responders to communicate with each other and coordinate their efforts.

FEMA, which is the body in charge of handling large-scale disasters, should make use of flexible management systems that take into consideration the agent needs on the ground. Instead of using strict bureaucratic procedures when dealing with disasters, authorities should make use of Incident Management Systems (Farazmand 401). This system enables different agencies to coordinate their efforts in the event of an incident.

Conclusion This paper set out to analyze the preparedness, response and recovery efforts by the local, state, and federal government in order to highlight areas that need improvement in the future. The paper has shown that the overall response was ineffective and the government agencies at all levels failed in some aspect to protect the worse New Orleans. A set of recommendations on how to improve the situation have been offered.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The number of natural disasters is expected to increase around the world as climate changes, which increase instances of flooding, storms, and drought, become more prevalent. The knowledge obtained from the management of the Katrina disaster can be used to solve future disasters. The relevant authorities can make use of the lessons learnt from this disaster to respond more effectively to future disasters.

Works Cited Barnes, Michael. “Analysis of Media Agenda Setting During and After Hurricane Katrina: Implications for Emergency Preparedness, Disaster Response, and Disaster Policy.” American Journal of Public Health 98.4 (2008): 604-610. Print.

Chua, Alton. “A Tale of Two Hurricanes: Comparing Katrina and Rita through a Knowledge Management Perspective.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science

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Ideology’s high cost: when science loses out in the classroom or the legislature, the economy may suffer Essay essay help: essay help

The Economist has covered several stories recently that document the ongoing issue of religious objections to various aspects of science. In schools and in the halls of government, these articles suggest, there is a gulf between those who trust scientifically demonstrated facts, and those who feel that ideology or religious belief preclude the acceptance of scientific findings. This conflict has direct economic implications for any nation.

The impact of human decisions on the environment, and therefore on economic health, for example, is potentially very large. These articles in The Economist point up the disturbing potential for that a future population is being nurtured that will be uneducated regarding evolution and scientific inquiry (S.M., Opting out of Evolution: Darwin shmarwin) (S.M., Faith and Reason: Scientists are not as secular as people think).

Such a population will run the risk of failing to compete globally in the marketplace of ideas and innovation. Of greater worry is that they make choices in their own lives or in the leaders they elect that could destroy the environment through ignorance or willful rejection of science on religious or ideological grounds

S.M. of The Economist, in an article titled “Opting out of evolution” describes the situation in Missouri’s school system, where a bill is proposed that would all allow parents to keep their kids out of class when evolution is discussed. As the article points out, this is a bit different from asking that one’s child be offered a virtual alternative to actual animal dissection, or even from excluding one’s child from sex education.

Evolution is so fundamental to life sciences that to stay out of a class whenever it is discussed would mean not taking the course at all (S.M., Opting out of Evolution: Darwin shmarwin). Not understanding the life sciences places people at risk for not understanding issues that affect their own life, for example health, and nutrition.

An entire generation of leaders who do not understand, and even reject evolution and science generally, could wreak a disheartening degree of damage on the environment and, thus, on the economy.

The article “Faith and reason” describes the way that current leaders who dismiss scientific thinking address key issues such as global climate change. As an example, the article discusses Illinois Congressman John Shimkus, whose committee assignments relate to the environment. He interprets the Biblical covenant after the Flood as meaning that the human race is protected from rising waters.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He maintains this opinion although the promise in scripture appears to say that the Creator will not wipe humans out again, not that humans cannot ever wipe themselves out through carelessness, greed, or ignorance (S.M., Faith and Reason: Scientists are not as secular as people think). Based on his interpretation of Scripture and his rejection of scientific evidence, this leader is not likely to support any moves to prevent further encroachment on economically important regions of the country such as New Orleans or parts of Florida.

One impact of not appreciating science is that it will place the USA (or any nation that pursues this course of action or inaction) at a disadvantage in comparison with other countries that take science seriously and teach undiluted biology to their students.

The world needs scientifically trained people to achieve all the innovations that beckon. If the USA or any country is not producing well-trained scientists, this will place them behind the rest of the world in invention and development of new technologies. This will put them behind economically.

The other impact could be very direct and very deadly. If citizens and their leaders do not believe in science, they may not take action to mitigate environmental catastrophe: for example, slowing carbon emissions. The result for the country could include worse agricultural disruption than those that current drought conditions have imposed. This will impact the economy drastically.

These articles alert readers to what could be a growing trend. Religious or ideological challenges to learning about evolution could deprive a generation of students of scientific training. These individuals, if in positions of power, can make poor decisions with wide environmental and economic results.

Works Cited “Faith and Reason.” The Economist (n.d.). .

“Opting out of Evolution.” The Economist (n.d.). .

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electronic searches as related to search and seizure, probably cause, and reasonable expectation of privacy online essay help: online essay help

After reading the material for this week and watching the videos in the video clip folder, write an essay that discusses the issues regarding electronic searches as related to search and seizure, probable cause, and reasonable expectation of privacy.
Provide specific examples supporting your thinking and cite to the course textbook where applicable.

Textbook criminal procedure law and practice 10th edition. By Rolando DelCarmen
Videos:
https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=SqHWQhgE0Wo

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Changes in Food Production Over Time Research Paper a level english language essay help

Introduction Food is a fundamental need among human beings that needs to be carefully addressed especially when determining emerging trends. It is worth acknowledging that the side effects of preservatives has affected general health of populace, and contributed to poor health.

It is necessary to acknowledge that this further highlights that food has indeed changed over the years in terms of nutritional content, mode of production, and distribution. This means that in the future, food is likely to undergo adulteration and departure from its original content. Additionally, genetically modified food is likely to grow in usage because some issues such as climate change are likely to affect food availability as well as food production mode.

In the middle of the 19th century, a huge shift in agriculture towards the use of chemicals in the farms and animal confinement was experienced. This kind of farming came to be known as mechanization or industrialization of agriculture. Industrialization of agriculture introduced new methods of food production can be likened to factory-type production system.

The new system of farming replaces the holistic thinking and the recycling of the nutrients through the use of crop rotation and animal rotation to produce food. Those changes in the methods of farming and agriculture have changed food production over the years whereby the yield is no longer quality and it has many health issues. This essay proposes a research study of the changes on food production over the years. The study will focus on the changes in nutrients, health issues, and the general quality of the food.

Literature Review According to Church and Stewart (2013), food has significantly changed over the years especially in terms of content and price. For instance, the price of commodities such as potatoes was significantly lower in previous decades as compared to the current price.

Moreover, it is worth stating that nutrient density of food has significantly declined over the years because of the changes in the methods of farming and food processing. Climate change has also affected the agricultural patterns, especially in terms of growing food and harvesting.

Information obtained from academic libraries indicates that problems associated with the consumption of processed foods are not new. These problems have existed among humanity since the advent of technology. According to Garg and Mukerji (2010), scientists face difficulties coming up with solutions to side effects resulting from the consumption of processed foods.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For years, these professionals have not succeeded in their mission to enhance food safety. This implies that changes in food production techniques and the use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides have great impacts on the quality of the processed food.

Research provides that food nutrients have declined significantly in the past decade. In fact, food production has registered almost 50% decline in nutrients due to changes in production styles and the use of technology. This implies that food consumed nowadays contain almost 50% less nutritional value than it was one hundred years ago.

This can be attributed to the changes in food production techniques. Parry and Hawkesford (2010) provide that new methods of food production, which involve the use of chemicals, animal confinement, and other new agricultural practices that are aimed at doubling production contribute to the decline of vital nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants, and photochemical.

Currently, food security is a major societal issue that has contributed to changes in food production over time. Efforts to feed the increasing population have led to the use of technologies to preserve the surplus food for future use. This contributes to many health issues because some preservatives promote the growth of tumors, and cancerous cells.

Global food production needs to be increased by 70-100% by the year 2050 to be able to feed a population of about 9 billion people. Thus, the increasing pressure on food security has led to the advancement of technologies to double food production. Therefore, genetically modified foods, food preservatives, and animal husbandly that compromises the quality of food is as a result of those technologies (Spiertz

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Gender difference Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

For a long time there has been a gender difference between men and women in life and social environment. Women have been fighting for equality rights and fair treatment and it has almost been achieved. Even though there are more opportunities today there is still prejudice and partially, it comes from the fact that men and women are different not only biologically but mentally as well. Gender plays a differential role in society and communication which is needed to attain certain results.

The main difference comes from the understanding and thinking of each gender. For the most part, to say generally, men are more power hungry and demand to be in a position of authority. This has come from a long history of male domination and men have gotten used to being in control and charge. Also, men are more focused on finding out the neutral and clear cut facts about something which leads them to being more direct and assertive.

Women use a much different technique in achieving their goals, as it stems from better insight into the matter of things. Because women were segregated for such a long time and were prevented from taking up higher and more prominent positions, they have developed a unique method of reaching their goal and it is not the same as men’s. Women tend to center on the person, deeper insight into the context and personality of the speaker and the general situation.

This allows for better qualitative analysis of information, linking it to the individual presenting the facts. Of course, it would be unwise to conclude that all men and women exhibit these qualities, as there are women who want to have all the authority and men who have profound insight but the standard for the majority is upheld by existing evidence.

There is a supposition that women are better at communicating than men. In reality, it is difficult to say because every individual has their unique technique in the interaction with other people. It could be assumed that women are better because they were environmentally forced to be better communicators.

Since they could not wage wars and overpower men, they had to develop skills that are different from forceful overtake of power. This would develop language and thinking skills. But the modern times have made gender differences less noticeable with men being great negotiators and women strong fighters.

It could be said that both genders have become equal in their communication and sense of direction. The present times have brought many changes to the social construction of genders and the way the separation is viewed. Often, the media abuses the roles of men and women, focusing on the sexuality and criteria that define and separate men and women. One of the oldest gender constructions came from the functioning of the family.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Women were thought to have a role of homeowners, raising children and taking care of any home or farm matters. Men were hunters and centered their life on providing for the family. This separation is a historical construct that has been enforced through segregation and unequal treatment of women.

Even though the world has greatly changed, the separation is still noticeable through social roles and duties. The majority of positions of power are still held by men, depriving women of a chance to demonstrate their strengths.

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find an image online portraying an object of material culture that has significance to you. Insert that image in essay help

find an image online portraying an object of material culture that has significance to you. Insert that image in a document or on a presentation slide. Make a list of five material culture items and five nonmaterial culture ideas that relate to the image. write a paragraph about why you chose this cultural item.

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The pros of mandatory service Research Paper scholarship essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Why the bill should become law

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Students appear to be overwhelmed by the myriad of activities that make up their school programs. Many would argue that this would be just another burden for them. However, choosing such a stance would obscure the long term merits of the program. Focusing on the short discomforts of mandatory voluntary service causes one to miss out on the great benefits that can emanate from the program. Not only would participants gain work-related skills like team-building and time management, they would also develop a deep community identity.

Why the bill should become law Mandatory community or military service would strengthen students’ association with their communities. As students volunteer in hospitals, fire departments, drug recovery centers and others, they will get to learn about unmet needs in their community (Worrall 15).

This could compel them to become passionate about filling those gaps and thus more active in their adult life. For instance, a training psychologist could learn about the lack of adequate follow-through in drug rehabilitation centers and this could propel him or her to become a better professional in the future.

Alternatively, if a person finds that things are working well in his or her community, the volunteer could develop a sense of pride. He or she will appreciate the valuable work that other people are putting into his or her area of residence. Therefore, the program will enhance community identity and ownership over initiatives. One may also argue that modern American youth are too consumer-oriented (Longo 93). Most of them tend to focus on their individual needs rather than that of their surroundings.

These young men and women only care about what they can get out of their parents or the government rather than what they can give back. National voluntary services would enable such persons to connect with forces beyond themselves and develop a moral outlook (Sauerwein 15).

Mandatory volunteer work will strengthen students’ prospects for employment. Individuals who work in community services must build rapport with others. They need to know teamwork as they must consult with paid professionals, fellow volunteers, or beneficiaries of the programs (Light 81). Additionally, these persons must plan their time adequately in order to fit it into their school routine. They will thus learn time management skills. Several students are already doing volunteer work and they do not even know it.

One indication of this trend is participation in internship programs. Internship often gives students an added advantage in job recruitments (Shivaun 43). Consequently, the same may be said of the proposed mandatory community program. Opportunities and skills obtained from the plan would be priceless. For instance, individuals would build networks in their desired career line, and this could enhance their prospects for finding employment.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion Students require opportunities to make them more marketable to employers, and voluntary service is one such avenue. The consumerist attitude that pervades western societies has caused American youth to become self-centered. This policy could foster a greater moral attitude among the country’s citizenry.

In essence, such a policy would make participants better professionals because they would learn about inadequacies in current arrangements. This could cause them to foster change in their professions. Some short term sacrifices always have to be made in order to realize a greater good. Students, parents, employers and other stakeholders will appreciate the proposed law once they see the gains of the policy.

Works Cited Light, Richard. Making the most of college: Students speak their minds. Harvard: HUP, 2001. Print.

Longo, Nicholas. Why community matters: Connecting education with civic life. NY: SUNY press, 2007. Print.

Sauerwein, Kristina. “A compelling case for volunteers.” The American School Board Journal 183.3 (1996): 29-31. Print.

Shivaun, Perez. Assessing service learning using pragmatic principles of Education. Texas: Texas State University Press, 2000. Print.

Worrall, Laurie. “Asking the community: A case study of community partner perspectives.” Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning 14.1(2007): 5-17. Print.

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Social Sites Are Becoming Too Much of a Good Thing Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Logos

Ethos

Pathos

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The article under discussion dwells upon popularity of social networking. The author claims that social networking is decreasing as people are losing their interest in online communities. Lee uses a term for the decreased popularity. She notes that many people are experiencing “social networking fatigue” (Lee 152). It is necessary to note that the author’s argument is plausible and well-grounded as Lee uses all three means of persuasion, i.e. ethos, pathos, logos.

Logos Lee resorts to a variety of logos in her article. The author provides extensive data to support her argument. For instance, the author provides specific data which show the ongoing decrease, “MySpace’s audience dropped from 49.2 million to 47.2 million; Facebook from 8.9 million to 7.8 million” (Lee 152).

Lee also suggests a number of reasons for the drop. She states that increasing amount of advertisement in social networks discourages people from joining online communities or spending much time in social networks. Lee provides certain data which show that big companies invest money in this type of advertisement and acquire social networks making them highly commercial, “MySpace . was acquired by News Corp. last year for $580 million, and Facebook, born out of a Harvard dorm room, followed” (153).

Noteworthy, the author provides certain factual support to an opposing opinion stating that there is “enormous expansion” at the rate of 320 thousand newly added profiles each day (Lee 155). However, this does not undermine plausibility of the author’s argument, but shows that the author has implemented an insightful research. Thus, it is possible to note that Lee makes use of logos, which enhances credibility of her argument.

Ethos Apart from logos, the article contains ethos. Lee refers to different experts’ opinions. When considering popularity of social networks, Lee refers to Nielsen/NetRatings (152).

The author also provides opinions of Fred Stutzman who is a student of the University of North Carolina and viewpoints of Nicole Ellison, who is a professor at the Michigan State University, or Val Landi, who is a co-founder of WiredBerries, which is a newly launched website for females (Lee 153). Admittedly, the use of such experts’ viewpoints makes the article more credible. The author proves that this is not her own opinion, but there are professionals who can make conclusions due to their vast experience in the given field.

Pathos Finally, the author also exploits pathos in her article. This means of persuasion makes the writing more appealing. For instance, Lee provides a quote which is very appealing, “It makes no sense to have a million of those pages” (152). Exaggeration ‘a million’ makes the sentence more emphatic and more emotional.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another sentence, which appeals to the readers’ emotions, is as follows: “So where to next?” (Lee 155). This rhetoric question makes the reader think and try to find own answers. Therefore, the article reaches its major aim, i.e. it makes people aware of the issue and makes people think about it.

Conclusion On balance, it is possible to note that the article in question contains ethos, pathos and logos. The author’s argument is well-grounded and she concisely provides evidence to support her claim. The use of these means of persuasion makes the article effective as it informs the reader about the issue, appeals to the readers’ emotions and makes the reader consider the problem and come to some conclusions.

Works Cited Lee, Ellen. “Social Sites Are Becoming Too Much of a Good Thing.” The McGraw Hill Reader: Issues across the Disciplines. Ed. Gilbert H. Muller. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2010. 152-155. Print.

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Plate tectonics, volcanism, earthquakes and rings of fire Report college essay help online

Plate tectonics refers to the scientific theory stating that the lithosphere is always on a constant motion. This movement occurs in a large mass and is based on the plate tectonic theory which was put forward by scientists in the early twentieth century (Diller 2001).

Plate tectonics has led to the separation of the sea floor over the years and the earth is composed of seven tectonic plates according to the available geological information. The boundaries of the moving plates are always characterised by earthquakes, mountain formation or volcanic activities depending on whether the relative movement between them is convergent, divergent or transformational (Condie 2007).

Volcanism is the process by which molten rock material also known as magma moves out of the Earth’s interior due to high pressure and stress to the surface through fissures. Magma can either be viscous or less viscous and this dictates its effect when it reaches the Earth’s surface. Highly viscous magma leads to the formation of steep volcanoes that are characterised by explosive eruptions while less viscous magma spreads on the surface leading to the formation of gently sloping features known as the plateaus and plains (Barber 2005).

Earthquakes are sudden movements of the earth’s crust due to pressure from the Earth‘s interior. The region where the earthquake originates from before it reaches the Earth’s surface is known as the epicentre.

Another common term is seismicity which refers to how frequently a place experiences an earthquake and the magnitude with which such an earthquake occurs. The magnitude of an earthquake is measured on the richer scale, where a magnitude of 3 and below is considered weak, while that of 7 and above is stronger and more destructive (Asantville 2009).

Ring of fire is a place that is prone to earthquakes and volcanic activities. The Pacific ring of fire is a region shaped like a horseshoe which is located in the Pacific Ocean. It is characterised by ocean trenches and is home to the world’s most deadly and active volcanoes (Nemeth 2012).

Works Cited Asantville, Adam. Geology. New York: Gareth Stevens Pub, 2009. Print.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Barber, Adams. Sumatra: Geology, Resources and Tectonic Evolution. London: The Geological Society, 2005. Print.

Condie, Kent. Plate Tectonics and Crustal Evolution. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 2007. Print.

Diller, James. A Late Volcanic Eruption in Northern California and Its Peculiar Lava. Washington: Govt. Print, 2001. Print.

Nemeth, Jason. Plate Tectonics. New York: Power Kids Press, 2012. Print.

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The importance of maintaining confidentiality Essay essay help: essay help

Information obtained from individuals who are undergoing marriage/family counseling should always be treated with privacy. This practice is known as confidentiality. Professionals who offer counseling services to clients are the only one expected to have access to the confidential data. In all counseling sessions, clients should be made to feel secure and comfortable even before they begin sharing their experiences with the counselor. If clients feel intimidated or insecure in any way, the counseling process cannot get along as expected.

Worse still, the client cannot receive any workable emotional or psychological assistance if the privacy of information shared cannot be guaranteed. The ability to maintain confidentiality of information obtained from clients is a critical ethical component since it is illegal to share private data without consent from the affected party, the client being counseled can hardly share personal information if it will not be kept confidential, and it also leads to gross counseling failure since the patient cannot receive the required help.

Although some counselors argue that verbal information can be shared out especially if it does not infringe the rights of clients, it is completely unethical to do so. Both verbal and written information obtained from clients undergoing marriage counseling should be treated with high level of confidentiality (Melton, 1997). In any case, all forms of information obtained from counseling sessions are usually very sensitive and can lead to gross mistrust as well as poor relationship development among the parties involved.

It is perhaps necessary to begin by exploring what can be considered to be confidential or private in a marriage/counseling process. Some of the examples of sensitive information that can be shared out include infidelity problems between partners or spouses, emotional trauma arising from deep family wrangles, serious medical problems that impede procreation, infertility and stigma arising from an embarrassing infection (Mulligan, 1996).

We cannot imagine such type of information being shared out to third parties without the consent of the client being counseled. It can be disastrous to both the counselor and recipient of the services if delicate data of such magnitude is accessed by the public and other uninterested parties.

There are ethical standards that ought to be followed keenly when applying the concept of confidentiality on the records of clients undergoing counseling sessions (Melton, 1997).

Although breach of confidentiality is a common experience in most counseling institutions, it is prudent to mention that the privacy of patients can only be tampered with when the mental health condition of the affected person is at high risk. Needless to say, exposing confidential data should only take place when there is looming danger. Professional marriage counselors may plunge themselves into costly law suits if they breach the privacy of their clients.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are several factors that have hindered full application of ethical standards. For instance, lack of clear guidelines or legislations in some jurisdictions and counseling facilities is a major setback. Even in the absence of strict legislations in place, breach of privacy can be minimized with the assistance of staff members who have undergone thorough capacity building and training on ethical standards (Melton, 1997).

A case study of the United States reveals that strict legislations have been adopted by both the state and federal authorities when it comes to privacy of counseling information obtained from clients. Both the Patient Bill of Rights and HIPAA have been passed by the legislature in order to protect the confidentiality of recipients undergoing counseling. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Acts (HIPAA) are instrumental in enhancing the privacy of counseling recipients.

Even though confidentiality has been a critical issue in both of these pieces of legislations, the ability of a counseling institution to offer high quality care should be a vital part of the entire process. It is not possible for counseling experts to offer poor quality care while at the same time claim to be capable of protecting the privacy of clients (Melton, 1997). High quality counseling sessions should go a long way in addressing the innermost needs of clients especially in regards to confidentiality.

Conclusion To recap it all, the ability to maintain confidentiality of information gathered from individuals undergoing counseling is a critical ethical factor bearing in mind that it is against the law to share private information without permission from the concerned party. In addition, the individual being counseled cannot easily share personal information if it will not be kept confidential. On the same note, it may culminate into gross counseling failure because the patient cannot obtain the required counseling assistance as anticipated.

It is also vital to assert that marriage counselors should not harm clients in any way when obtaining, recording and distributing their data. This implies that a positive relationship should be developed between counselors and clients. In other words, both of them should have a common understanding on the type of information that can be shared with the third party without causing any gross risk to the patient.

References Melton J.L. (1997). Sounding Board: The Threat to Medical-Records Research. New England Journal of Medicine, 337 (20), 1466-1469.

Mulligan, D. (1996). Privacy and Health Information Systems: A Guide to Protecting Patient Confidentiality. Center for Democracy and Technology: Washington, D.C

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The Role of Workplace System in Business Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

In case of a company hiring a younger team force and cutting off the older employees, there are several possibilities that would be acceptable and fair to each group. Because the younger population has finished their studies and is in need of a job or career development, companies must do their best to hire them.

It is necessary for the new employees to get the experience and choice in what they want to pursue. Mistreating previous employees who have reached a certain age is, however, not acceptable. The fact that they have deep knowledge of the company and have input many years proves that they are loyal and have become a part of the organization.

The company is successful partly due to their efforts and skills, as they have contributed to the organization and have not left during many years of work. There must be a balance between the new incoming force and the one who has seniority. Not only does the company risk, entrusting its matters to inexperienced employees, thus hurting its profits and reputation, it might also create predisposition where people will analyze the company’s treatment of previous employees and would not want to stay for the long term.

In case more mature individuals are offered a 50 per cent cut in their salaries and they have nothing against such policies, it could be acceptable but there would have to be a unified agreement between all employees, as it would be unfair for some to get cut and others to have unchanged salaries. Another option is to decrease the number of hours for either group or offer a choice of different benefits, salaries, and hours.

When an employer looks to hire a person who is pregnant or has any other condition that can affect the work temporarily, it would be against policies and human rights to decline the application.

Since the law states that people with short-term disabilities must be hired or kept in the workplace, the same conditions apply to women who are pregnant (Bennet-Alexander

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An Occurrence at Owl Creek Essay writing essay help

In the story, An Occurrence at the Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce, the author shows how an individual perceives time. The depiction of time in the story shows the fluid nature of time (Bierce, n.d). The author uniquely uses the nature of time to narrate a story from a present time to that of the past. In the real sense, the author imagines the present by using the past. Time is of the essence in the story as it reveals the various issues that affect the lives of other characters.

To some extent, the author perception on time is not same to that of other characters. It is interesting to observe how the author uses time to interrupt a continuous flow of events. The author uses time to depict events that exemplify reality. Perhaps the author deems that time favors the fate of each character in the story. The main character in the story perceives time not to favor him. For example, Farquhar thinks that time goes slow on his side compare to others.

In the story, Farquhar seems entangled in his own timeless realm. In this respect, the author tries to portray the feelings of the character in a metaphorical manner. For example, the author calls Farquhar “a vast pendulum” (Chapter III, p.3) to show how he is unconscious of the current happenings.

The author uses the metaphor of time to explain how one can drift into semi-consciousness. This time can either be exhibited in the symbol of sleeping or going into a dream. For example, “Farquhar closes his eyes to fix his thoughts” (Chapter II, p.2). At this point it is clear that the present events are not favorable to Farquhar. At this time, time depicts a transitional place that is between the present and the past.

The depiction of time as subjective by the author is intriguing. Perhaps this is the reason why Farquhar attempts to manipulate time. Farquhar sees this manipulation of time as a good way of escaping reality. However, the subjective nature ultimately allows important events like death to claim the character.

At this point, it is clear that Farquhar has used the time to create confusion between reality and illusion. The reader only realizes the gap bridged between reality and illusion by the author at the end of the story. Perhaps this confusion and interruption of real events depicts how people struggle to control time and events that affect them in the real life.

Through time, the author creates a fantasy world for Farquhar. The manner in which Farquhar imagines his death escape is as a result of a past reflection “as a federal scout” (Chapter 1, p.1) of the northern scout. During his imagination, Farquhar traverses time to perceive himself as a confederate soldier.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author has used the driftwood as a symbol of time. Just like a clock, the driftwood helps Farquhar to travel through the waters. The driftwood is a distortion of time as he fantasizes being the driftwood. The speed in which the driftwood move through the waters leaves Farquhar wondering how slow and fast is time. In fact, the existence of the driftwood becomes a symbol of how Farquhar perceives time.

In conclusion, the author seems to use the story to question the reader’s perception on time. This becomes evident when the author uses foreshadowing in the story to show that indeed Farquhar’s story was fictional. In general, the author seeks to know whether the reader is conscious of the present and whether the present is a reality.

Reference Bierce, A. (n.d). An occurrence at owl Creek Bridge. Retrieved from https://www.pagebypagebooks.com/Ambrose_Bierce/An_Occurrence_At_Owl_Creek_Bridge/index.html

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Advancement of the computer Report (Assessment) essay help: essay help

The first property that determines how materials are universally classified is the atoms that make up the material. These atoms are neutrons, protons, and electrons. Most materials in their elementary form are neutral since the number of protons is equal to the number of electrons. At the same time, those that are in a compound form are the ones that have a combination of two or more elements.

The second property is how different atoms making up the material are arranged in it; since various materials have a different arrangement of atoms. Thus, some are more compact than others. This is evident in the three states of matter that is: liquid, gas, and solid.

The third property is how atoms are bonded within the material itself. There are two types of bonding, in particular, covalent and ionic bonding. The first type involves sharing of the valence electrons in the material, while ionic bonding is the process where acceptance and donation of valence electrons between the atoms are present (Nils 2010).

A semiconductor is a material that is able to exhibit properties of both metals and non-metals such that they act as both insulators and, at the same time, have the ability to conduct electrons. The use of silicon based semiconductors revolutionized the field of computing due to their ability to change their level of conductivity by a process known as doping. It refers to the addition of impurities in the silicon semiconductor that alters its conductivity.

The application of semiconductors led to the invention of different miniature electrical components such as transistors and the integrated circuits. These devices possessed the ability to amplify signals, for example, the operational amplifier which is an integrated circuit. They also had the ability to switch and convert signals from one form to another.

These aforementioned properties of the silicon based semiconductor impacted on the advancement of the computer which became smaller, faster, and more efficient. Hence, the computers we use today are very different and far much better than the initial variants. The earlier computers used to consume a lot of heat. This feature has been rectified with the new generation of computers that consume less power have the ability to cool when heated. All these features are possible thanks to the invention of the silicon based semiconductor.

Nowadays, the field of computing is complex and more efficient. For example, cell phones, laptops, tablets, and notebooks were created due to the revolution experienced as a result of the silicon based semiconductor. The robot systems are being used today in almost all industries and have led to reduced workload as well as fast and efficient production of goods.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Microchips are miniature sets of electrical components that are usually etched on small semiconductor materials. The semiconductor materials preferred are germanium or silicon. It should be mentioned that a microchip forms a specific electrical circuit that achieves a specific purpose although the only difference with normal circuits is that they are very small in size. Microchips cannot be assembled by humans without the help of machines as they are so small and the soldering of the electrical components requires very specialized machinery (Turley 2002).

Microchips are related to integrated circuits in the way that they are just another form of integrated circuits. The components in the microchips are a combination of different integrated circuits that have been reduced in size. Among these components one could name transistors, operational amplifiers, power regulators, relays, and microcontrollers. These devices are combined on a single semiconductor to form a microchip. Thus, the basic relation between the microchip and integrated circuits is that the microchip itself contains integrated circuits as its integral components (Cardona 2004).

A human brain does not process information on a given time span since the speed of processing varies. At the same time, the central processing unit of a computer processes information depending on the computer’s clock speed. Hence, computers with a higher clock speed tend to process information faster while computers with a lower clock speed tend to take more time in the processing of data (Winston 2006).

One should note that artificial intelligence refers to the ability of computers and machines to reason and make decisions based on their preprogrammed logics. This includes robots working in industries or even intelligent cars that can navigate themselves on the road. These systems usually require minimal human aid as their level of success is very high and accurately efficient (Nils 2010).

Thus, the central processing units make decisions based on preprogrammed logic. This means that it cannot make decisions contrary to the programmed logic and hence it lacks the ability to reason rationally. On the other hand, human brain makes decisions based on logic as well as the rationale and experience. Therefore, it is common for humans to come to decisions that do not make sense and this is the main difference between the human brains and the central processing units of computers (Winston 2006).

Works Cited Cardona, Manuel. Fundamentals of Semiconductors : Physics and Materials Properties. London: Springer, 2004. Print.

Nils, Nilsson. The Quest for Artificial Intelligence: A History of Ideas and Achievements, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print.

We will write a custom Assessment on Advancement of the computer specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Turley, Jim (2002). The Essential Guide to Semiconductors. New York: Prentice Hall, 2002. Print.

Winston, Patrick. Artificial Intelligence. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 2006. Print.

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Importance of People Management in Organizations Report college admissions essay help

Introduction People management in any business organization is a main factor in determining organization success. The smooth running of any business set up requires recruitment of a substantial number of employees. To ensure a constant flow of business, it is important to understand the workers and handle them properly.

Managers in any business organization have been given the responsibility to provide leadership, inspire, educate and give confidence to the employees (Bedeian 2003, p. 124). Other managerial responsibilities include employing, deploying, evaluating and giving instructions to the workers. However, such responsibilities are not easy to undertake.

Performance management Managers use performance management to measure employees output. An organization is always deemed to benefit from employees’ integrated efforts. Efficiency at the work place requires managers integrate all employee issues to establish a positive working environment with increased output.

To be able to establish a good working environment, a manager is required to establish good reward policies and motivation for the workers. Managers use performance management as a strategy to provide a foundation of reward policies. In this respect, employees that perform in consistency with pre-determined goals are subjected to certain reward policies.

The reward policy should focus on developing the attitudes of the employees (Baron 2003, p. 89). This will increase motivation for working among the employees. For example, the best performing workers ought to be rewarded at the end of a trading period. The workers’ welfare should motivate them into providing their best.

Recruitment and selection Recruitment and selection of workers is a vigorous activity undertaken by the managers that require professional expertise. Competent workers will provide high quality work at minimal supervision. The implementation of policies and strategies is easier where the workers are competent (Higgins 2004, p. 167).

During job interviews, identification of the best candidates is an acid test for the selection panel. The panel should prepare an interview sheet that will define the exact potential of the job seeker. Academic performance should not be perceived as a major element during the exercise. The job seekers general outlook and discipline is important. Therefore, the selection process and criteria should include the experience and the general knowledge of the job seeker in regard to the job position.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Training development Training development is an important element in ensuring that an organization’s culture of competent human resource is maintained. Training development acts as a foundation where personnel are aligned with an organizations job expectations and goals. In recent years, the concept of training development has been used to instill motivation among employees.

The concept has been instrumental in providing employees with significant skills and knowledge on issues related to their profession. Training development has been used as one of the basic requirement acknowledged by the management before an employee is promoted.

Difficulties and mistakes in reward policies and motivation strategies A good reward strategy should motivate the worker. The reward should be given after a good performance by the worker. The reward strategy should be done regularly to promote the commitment of the workers. There are managers have no procedure or policy on how rewards should be given to the performing employees.

Moreover, some managers do not deem it important to engage other staff members in a making critical decision during the employee reward process. A culture of competition for the reward among the workers will increase the output of the company. A psychological contract makes the workers feel they are part of the business. In some instances, managers make the mistake of not establishing a guiding and counseling unit to promote the employees’ psychological contract (Baron 2003, p. 89).

The frontline staff in a business organization is the employees who work directly with the customers (Graban

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