Table of Contents Aims and objectives
Aims and objectives The future study will be aimed at examining the influence of travel agencies on various tourist destinations in the Mediterranean region. It is vital to achieve several objectives. First of all, one should demonstrate how and why travel agencies choose to promote certain regions or countries.
Secondly, much attention should be paid to the exact mechanisms through which these organizations can influence tourist destinations. It is critical to focus on the economic performance of various companies that represent the tourist industry in a specific country or region. Finally, one should study the positive and negative impacts of this influence. These are the main issues that should be examined.
Research question How are tourist destinations in the Mediterranean region affected by the power of travel agencies?
Literature review The main goal of this literature review is to examine academic sources which throw light on the functioning of travel agencies. It is vital to focus on the studies which can demonstrate that these organizations can influence the economic performance of tourist destinations. Apart from that, this literature review should demonstrate the importance of these service companies for the Mediterranean region.
Finally, much attention should be paid to the methodology that should be used for the future study. To a great extent, the research will be based on the notion of destination branding (Jalilvand, Esfahani
Old Media and New Media Compare and Contrast Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
The Distinction between Old and New Media and Its Relevance
The Convergence of the Two Types of Media
Introduction Lots of people are now talking about new media as opposed to old or traditional media. However, there is still some uncertainty as regards the distinction between new and old media. Flew (2008) notes that the idea of ‘newness’ is rather subjective and relative as television and the Internet have become accessible almost simultaneously in such countries as India or China.
Other researchers suggest a particular distinction between new and old media based on the use of the Internet and digital technology (Salman et al., 2011). Noteworthy, researchers agree that the distinction between the two types of media is less important than the convergence of these types (Collins, 2013).
It is possible to state that the three standpoints are correct to a certain extent and it is possible to combine them. Thus, the distinction between old and new media is a bit blurred but still meaningful even though the two types of media are likely to converge into the third type.
The Distinction between Old and New Media and Its Relevance Despite close connection between the two types of media, it is possible to draw the distinction between them. Logan (2010, p. 4) claims that new media “incorporate two-way communication” and are associated with computing (e.g. the Internet, social networks), while old media do not require computing (radio, print newspapers, TV). This standpoint can be easily illustrated.
Thus, newspapers and television are rather one-way sources of information. Viewers do not often participate in the creation of the programs. Admittedly, there are call-ins but the amount of participation is still irrelevant. When it comes to newspapers, they are not created by the readers.
Each piece of news is told by a journalist. Readers can only write letters or call the newspaper and it is the editor who decides whether to add the commentary to the next issue or not. However, it is necessary to note that at the era of newspapers and television there was no need in such two-way channels. People strived for news and they simply wanted to be aware of the latest events in the world.
Remarkably, people of the twenty-first century seek for networking and they want to feel connected. Boyd and Ellison (2008) stress that networking has become very popular as people feel certain empowerment. Thus, online resources are characterized by the immediate feedback (Ryan, 2010). Users post their commentaries and express their opinions on a variety of issues (Newman, 2011).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, people affect media’s agendas, so-to-speak. Jenkins (2006) mentions the story of a teenager who unintentionally caused the start of anti-American demonstrations and almost caused legal actions against himself. Internet users also feel their own relevance with the help of blogging. Keen (2010) emphasizes negative effects of such empowerment.
The researcher argues that blogging along with various applications available online makes people distracted from some really important things. Keen (2010, p. 55) articulates the idea that ‘democratized’ media only leads to the future where “everyone is an author, while there is no longer any audience”.
The present distinction is based on the degree of collaboration between producers of content and consumers. Van Dijk (2006) introduces a structural component of the distinction between new media and old media stating that the former are structurally different (i.e. two-way) from the latter (i.e. one-way).
It is also possible to differentiate between the old and new media focusing on their ‘popularity’. As far as old media are concerned, they are seen as somewhat out-dated and they are declining. For instance, researchers note that there is certain decrease in newspapers circulations in many countries (Cervenka, 2005). Younger generations prefer searching the net to reading print newspapers.
Television is also losing points steadily. At the same time, the Internet and especially social networks are becoming more and more popular. Popularity of the Internet is due to its accessibility and multi-functionalism (O’Reilly, 2005). Internet users are attracted by the variety of options offered.
Thus, users can communicate, express opinions, share files, create certain communities, find information, etc. It is possible to state that this distinction is also relevant. Hence, it is possible to note that the distinction between old and new media is based on two dimensions, popularity and structure.
The Convergence of the Two Types of Media Remarkably, some researchers claim that there is a distinction based on the form. Chun (2005) notes that new media require computing and digital technology (unlike old media). Nevertheless, such media as online newspapers and digital TV are becoming increasingly popular. Some call these new media, but it is somewhat inaccurate. It is more appropriate to talk about the third type of media or the convergence of the two types.
We will write a custom Essay on Old Media and New Media specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, Skoler (2009) states that the two types of media can facilitate each other. For instance, the author argues that social media can help develop such old media as newspapers. The researcher notes that people can continue telling stories and reporting about things they see, but it is journalists’ job to process the information and present the most relevant news only (Skoler, 2009).
This convergence of social networks and newspapers can be beneficial for both as the former get the air of confidence and the latter have access to almost unlimited sources of information.
French (2011) also claims that convergence of different types of media is beneficial for the development of the very concept of media. The researcher stresses that the so-called old media are now becoming digitalized. People have online newspapers and digital TV. They also keep using social networks and other applications. This helps people remain up-to-date and connected.
Thus, it is possible to state that the distinction between old and new media is becoming totally blurred as the third type of media occurs. It is possible to call it global, digital, collaborative and old and new media can be a characteristic of the twentieth century.
Conclusion To sum up, it is possible to note that the distinction between old and new media can be based on several features. The most relevant distinction is based on the structural component and popularity. Thus, new media are characterized by computing and connectedness while old media do not possess these features.
However, it is also necessary to note that even this distinction is becoming somewhat blurred due to the changes taking place in the society of the twenty-first century.
Newspapers and TV are now digitalized and these media start being more collaborative (i.e. customers are getting involved in the process of creation of the products). This collaboration is beneficial for the media as well as the development of the society. People are now ready to collaborate and interact, which is crucial for the globalized world of the twenty-first century.
Reference List Boyd, D.,
Can Small Business Replicate Apple’s Success? Essay (Article) custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Innovation
Service Impression Management
Working with a team of professionals helping small businesses to achieve higher returns from their marketing and business strategies I could say that Apple’s marketing strategies have proved to be a great success for small businesses which have adopted them.
Small businesses often seek to adopt successful marketing strategies of major companies like Apple. For twenty years or so. Apple Computers principally manufactured personal computers including Apple II Macintosh and Power Mac.
Its sales and market share declined considerably during the 1990’s until Steve Jobs who had been removed from the company and returned to the company in 1996.
Steve Jobs introduced a business model of simplifying designs of products and making them in a way that the general public was familiar with.
A true measure of a concept is its simplicity
The renewed success story of Apple began with the introduction of iPod in 2001, which was a great success along with iTunes Music Store in 2003.
This established Apple’s dominance in the consumer electronics and media sales industries, which induced the company’s management to discontinue using the word “Computer” in its title. The company was able to achieve great success as the technology leader in its respective markets.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company gained a great recognition for its range of smart phones and media players, which had made Apple as one of the largest publicly traded companies with a market capitalization of US$ 626 billion as of September 2012.
Innovation The success of Apple was large due to its innovative strategies supported by unique marketing and selling ideas, which made it possible to indentify and incorporate the requirements of target markets and then deliver products that satisfied customers better than competitors did.
Apple continuously makes discernible changes in its products, offers a greater variety to customers than other companies, and makes things easier for customers by providing the highest quality of innovation. Apple achieves great sales volume of its products by urging employees to meet their set targets, and the management helps employees by constantly bringing improvement in the quality of the company’s working environment.
Social Responsibility Apple, Inc. concentrates on consumer requirements and desires for new technology and fulfils expectations of the society. Apple, Inc. is a highly corporate social responsible company, which plays an important role in communities that it serves.
Apple has recycled more than 21 million pounds of electronics all over the world and has implemented iPod recycling plan offered at its retails stores in the US.
Societal perceptions are addressed by making environment friendly products and disposing off old products in an eco-friendly manner. The reason for recycling the company’s products is to preserve resources and increase the life of its products and materials used by the company.
New products One of the most effective Apple’s strategies that any small company can adopt is making way for innovative thinking and processes within the organizational setup.
We will write a custom Article on Can Small Business Replicate Apple’s Success? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One issue that most individuals do not pay attention to is the fact that Apple introduced a new way of doing business, which was translated into both its product and management strategies.
The overall business attitude at Apple promoted by Steve Jobs is that there must be always a better way to do anything. However, it should be noted that the idea of innovative business process is not specifically related to Apple’s strategy.
This process was actually suggested by Peter Drucker about fifty years ago. He emphasized on the fact that the innovative process was not about individual personalities but a shared belief within organizations that there should be a better way for getting things done, which was the basis for innovation.
Service Impression Management Another very successful Apple strategy is incessant enhancement in the management of services. The service itself may not be that great, but by effectively managing progression and good communication, it is still possible to overcome competitive forces.
Apple’s success took place because it had been able to convert each challenge or failure into an opportunity that assisted it to make its customers for a lifetime.
Apple has realized that managing the company’s reputation amongst customers and backing it by delivering highest level of quality service were the key to success.
Any small business can set up a process for ensuring excellent customer service at all points by concentrating on areas where service personnel can impress customers even when they have complaints.
The company may not be able to provide best products, but the way it handles its customers and the impression that it leaves on them are usually more important.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Can Small Business Replicate Apple’s Success? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Brand Management In all Apple stores, customers can observe uniformity in everything from t-shirts worn by service personnel to the level of confidence exhibited by the staff to communicate with customers. The staff delivers exceptional service that impresses customers and makes them feel valued.
Companies can follow Apple’s practices and create common attributes for their colours, sounds, shape, communication methods, and other business areas.
A company can hire and organize experienced and well-trained personnel who is able to deliver positive attributes of customer service. The adoption of innovative ideas in every aspect of business saves millions of dollars in investments for business.
A lot of the companies regularly apply Steve Job’s principles with a great success. In fact, there is a book based upon these principles named “Innovation Ideas and Opportunities for Growth”, which shows that innovation is what a business needs to achieve a better growth rate.
Mac Apple Store
Effective Advertising The company collects most recent data and makes marketing decisions by understanding and ascertaining the customers’ requirements. Apple is quite famous for its high profile advertising campaigns and has produced some of the most striking campaigns in the history of advertising.
However, the strategy has always been prone to keep ads as simple as possible. It sticks to the basic essentials as it is evident in its latest ads for iPhone 5.
Instead of promoting powerful processors and other features of its products, the company simply highlights very basic functions, which include picture quality and email experiences.
Another effective way that Apple has used for promoting its products is personal selling through knowledgeable sales representatives, who are thoroughly familiar with the company’s products and ways of serving customers.
The sales representatives stay up to date with the requisite knowledge for selling new products by the company on a regular basis. Apple employees are highly trained.
They engage themselves in learning about new technologies so that they have no difficulty in understanding features of the company’s products and customers’ troubleshooting.
It is understood that consumers who do not have the need to use particular technology on a daily basis may become overwhelmed and reject the product.
This is a situation where the knowledge of the young sales representatives becomes most evident as they help customers transit from the “old world” to the “new world” of latest technologies.
This not only creates a better perception of Apple’s products, but also enhances Apple’s image and increases trust of people for the brand.
Park and Ride system in Abu Dhabi and comparison to other cities in UAE and the world Report essay help online free
Abstract The park and ride program introduced into Abu Dhabi by the department of transportation is critical in the preservation of the environment. It is a form of transport that is being in use in many parts of the world.
The success of such a program in different cities of the world underlies the rational to introduce the system in Abu Dhabi. Many similarities, differences, benefits, and criticism have however emerged from the implementation of the park and ride system in Abu Dhabi and other parts of the world.
Despite the criticism associated with the park and ride system, many countries and cities including Oxford, and the United Kingdom have successfully benefited from the system.
In this study, the similarities and differences associated with the park and ride system in Abu Dhabi and other cities are discussed, leading to the discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of the system when used on different parts of the world.
Among the similarities discussed in the paper include the pay as you use system that is widely used in the west, the structure of the system when compared with the way it has been implemented in Abu Dhabi when compared with other cities.
Introduction Many cities and towns in the world have suffered heavily from the adverse consequences of congestion and pollution related problems necessitating the need for the many of the countries and cities to legislate and develop strategies on different methods of addressing the congestion and pollution problems.
Studies show that new systems have been contrived and tried with success or failure in different parts of the world. One such is the park and ride system tried in the Abu Dhabi.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The park and ride concept has been in existence in many cities especially in the western world mainly because issues related to pollution and congestion was first experienced in such countries.
Abu Dhabi., being one of the growing towns in the Middle East has woken up to the reality of the effects of congestion and pollution and the scarcity of space within the town to service the space needs of the growing population.
Perhaps, the need for more space has been facilitated by the rising number of tourists visiting the Middle East and a similar demand for space.
The park and ride system developed in Abu Dhabi has significant differences and similarities with the park and ride systems in other cities of the world. One such similarity is that the parking space which is available is used on a pay as you use basis.
However, in Abu Dhabi., the pay as you use basis is significantly different form other cities in the western world. The key differences are the time one is allowed to use any space that is available.
The difference is that when one is assigned some space to use in Abu Dhabi, one is required to pay at an hourly rate one occupies the space. On the other hand, in other countries especially in the United Kingdom, one is allowed to use the space depending on the time one goes for the vehicle.
It implies that in the UK, one does not make payments at an hourly basis but can enjoy the use of space for as long as it is available for use.
We will write a custom Report on Park and Ride system in Abu Dhabi and comparison to other cities in UAE and the world specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, in Abu Dhabi the charges are administered at an hourly basis and a given maximum amount of time one occupies a given space is stipulated.
That implies that violating such a requirements has associated penalties. A similar case with that of the UK exists in other western cities when compared with Abu Dhabi.
Studies by different authors show that the park and ride system has been structured in such a way that users of the system can drive their vehicles and leave them at designated places, and take the public transport system to reach the destinations.
The success of the park and ride system in Abu Dhabi is the underlying need for space which is paid for, the support offered to the department of transport by different stakeholder and the government in implementing the system, besides the driving need for space.
To understand the system and its similarities and differences, this study has focused on different towns where the system has been applied especially the UK and other parts of the world with Abu Dhabi.
The study shows that the underlying reasons for the success of the program in Abu Dhabi is an effective planning strategy, an efficient logistical program, provision of the required security, an effective plan that integrates the needs of each of the users of the system, and a complete integration of other transport teams in the planning and designing of the park and ride system.
Park and Ride System in Abu Dhabi A report by the Department of Transport (DoT) on the concept of ‘Park and Ride’ shows a number of features that have been critical to the successful implementation of the plan. In addition, it provides details that show how the system works and the features that differentiate the park and ride system with other elsewhere.
According to the Surface transport master plan, connecting Abu Dhabi report, the report clearly shows that the park and ride system was implemented based on the Transportation Mobility Management Strategy (TMM) by department of transportation to ensure a sustainable transport system (2).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Park and Ride system in Abu Dhabi and comparison to other cities in UAE and the world by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The success of the program is based on the establishment of good working relationship with the urban planning council, major stakeholder developers, and the municipalities in the designated areas of interest.
The aim of implementing the park and ride systems is to provide a sustained protection of the environment against pollution and provide a low carbon commercial system of moving people from and to different locations on an infrastructure that was developed by the government and other stakeholders (Surface transport master plan, connecting Abu Dhabi 20).
Park and ride system in Abu Dhabi
Research shows the driving force to the successful implementation of the program is the underlying vision 2030 by the government with the aim to provide a sustainable city based on the roles played by different stakeholders (Shaheen and Rodier 2).
Because different stakeholders play significant roles that are split into different categories, the role of the department of transportation is to develop and provide the users with different types of infrastructure that addresses the needs of each user.
In summary, the roles include developing infrastructure for pedestrian users, bicycles, and vehicles. In addition, the DoT regulates the flow of traffic within the city, in addition to buses, taxis, and ferries, within Abu Dhabi.
In context, the plan provides sustained solutions for the long term, short term, and medium term solutions to the problem associated with the congestion of vehicles in the city.
Aerial view of the park and ride system in Abu Dhabi
A case study for the Abu Dhabi master plan was the successful development of the transportation system that integrates the park and ride system within Abu Dhabi.
In this case, the aim was to provide the overall environmental sustainability strategy in which the plan was to reduce congestion within the city and increase the rate at which people use the public transportation system (SAIC 2)
The program In Abu Dhabi, the park and ride system works using standard parking areas uniquely identified and designated for parking of different vehicles and depends on the category of the vehicle and the designate area (Rodier and Shaheen 12).
One such system is the Mawaqif which is based on payments made by the person using the system. According to the report, the system works on the pay as you use basis and the payment for such services are enforced throughout the week except on public holidays and Fridays (Parkhurst 2).
The system is enforced throughout the day. Parking time is automated using automatic parking meters which count the time one is supposed to use the assigned space. In context, to limit the time one uses a given space, time limits are set within which one is allowed to use a specified location.
An additional reason for using public parking space within a limited amount of time is to limit illegal use of space and to help organize the parking system.
When the time expires, the user is required to make additional payments to continue using the space (Park and Ride: Public transport 23).
Different parking points attract different rates. Premium parking spaces are limited to 4 hours and attract while standard parking places offer limited parking time of 2 hours to a maximum of 3 hours.
It is important to add that the payment system uses hard currency, mobile payment systems, or the usage of prepaid cards.
Park and Ride locations The report shows that two locations have been identified to provide the needs arising from the park and ride system. The locations include a site identified to lie to the south western part of the Musaffah interchange, which is in a bearing of E20/E30.
The other site identified for use is the Grand Mosque car park which has a lot of parking space. Both areas are easily accessible from any direction using the roads that link to that area.
It is important to note that different lanes have been designed and designated for different uses by vehicles with different capacities.
Park and ride comparison to other cities in UAE and the world
The park and ride system used in Abu Dhabi has similarities and differences with the park and ride systems used in other counties.
The underlying rationale for countries to integrate the park and ride system in the transport sector is to help reduce the adverse impact caused by the travelling patterns across cities and the congestion on the public transport system (Mouskos, Parker and Boile 2).
That is in addition to reducing the level of pollution, environmental degradation, and congestion caused by the transport system.
Typical examples of countries and their cities that have integrated the park and ride system in their cities include the United Kingdom and a number of cities across France, among others. An example is the use of the park and travel strategy in oxford (Morrall and Bolger 34).
Park and ride site in Singapore
Design considerations Similar to the Abu Dhabi system and other countries, the park and ride system are designed with a number of factors in mind (Capital District: Master Plan Summary 1).
These include the availability of space, accessibility of the parking spaces to other road and rail networks, and the amount of space available. It is important to note that parking spaces vary is space and size.
The spaces can be small and accommodate a small number of vehicles or big to accommodate thousands of vehicles.
Abu Dhabi Park and ride bus routing
In Abu Dhabi, the park and rides system is based on a pay as you use basis of the public space while in most other countries the parking space can be provided for free.
The difference between the park and pay system between Abu Dhabi and other counter is that parking in Abu Dhabi attracts rates that are levied on the vehicle at an hourly basis while in other countries mentioned above; most of the approaches used to charge the users is based on payments that are made either at the exit or inlet points.
It is therefore important to note that once one is in the park, payment for the usage of the park must be made. It is also important to note that entry and exit points in the parks are controlled by specialized personnel (Morrall and Bolger 2).
Other areas in the cities have similarities with the park and pay system used in Abu Dhabi because one is required to pay for the use of the space at a rate determined per an hour.
In Abu Dhabi, parking meters that count the number of hours and the costs incurred in using the space are used. A similar case applies for the costs incurred when using reserved space per a given period.
In the UK for example, the park and ride system uses the park and ride bus services. The bus services operate by providing intermodal passenger journeys which relies on the private and shared mode of transportation.
The model operates on the principle that one has to park one’s private car in a designated place and use the public transport system to the destination point. It is also possible for other users to operate as cyclists or pedestrians.
In the UK, the system is viewed as part of the permanent public transport system while in Abu Dhabi, the park and ride system is a new and evolving idea. The local authorities are responsible for the design, development, and management of the public based park and ride sites.
The difference in the roles and responsibilities of designing, developing, and managing the park and ride system between the UK and Abu Dhabi is that in Abu Dhabi, the government operates the park and ride sites under the department of transportation, while in the UK, the local authorities take the sole responsibility of running the system. in addition, the park and ride sites are intended to be used by the community that uses cars as a mode of travel, a similar case with Abu Dhabi.
In addition, similar to Abu Dhabi and the UK, users include pedestrians, cyclists and car owners (Al-Kazily 2).
A park and ride site in the US
Structure The structure of the park and ride system used in Abu Dhabi has significant similarities with that used in European countries.
The structure is defined by interconnections of car parks and other parking spaces to address differentiated needs of the users (Capital District: Master Plan Summary 4).
Typically, the park and ride systems of the world are similar to the Abu Dhabi ‘park and ride’ system because of the structure and purpose of the systems.
The park and ride system in Hannover, Germany
Differences in the systems with the Abu Dhabi system include the provision of dedicated systems while the Abu Dhabi does not provide dedicated park and ride schemes.
For the rest of the world, the park and ride system consists of dedicated bus park and ride system which offers facilities dedicated to users of the bus transport system.
A typical example is the bus park and ride system that has been in existence in the UK since its inception in the 1960s at experimental level with the full operation within the Oxford region beginning in 1973 (Trout and Ullman 23).
Park and ride system in Sydney
Other ride and park systems provided in the world include the railway park and ride system which is also used in the UK, which operates across many cities in the United Kingdom.
In addition, there is the bike park and ride scheme which allows commuters to use racks or boxes near public transport terminals whose functionality is based on the ticket and fare system (Parkhurst 3).
Other schemes used under the park and ride system are the car share park and ride system. The system encourages commuters to embrace the concept of sharing high occupancy cars to meet the goal of the park and ride scheme (UTM 2).
Park and ride system in UK
Benefits and Criticism Different research studies show that the success of the program is designed and intended to bring about a number of benefits to Abu Dhabi.
One of the benefits of using the park and ride program that have been experienced in other parts of the world and which have similarly been observed in Abu Dhabi include the ability of the town management system to avoid the difficulties associated with lack of parking space (Turnbull, Evans and Levinson 23).
In addition, the charges incurred by the users of the system as levies charged on the users of the system generate revenue to the council.
The benefits of avoiding the stress associated with driving in congested areas and under traffic jam have been alleviated by the use of parking space that is provided at the park and ride points (Wambalaba and Goodwill 2).
The difference between other cities in the world and Abu Dhabi is that the rates are significantly different and the mode of levying charges also varies.
In context, the rates in other parts of the world such as in the UK are lower than the rates charged at Abu Dhabi (Capital District: Master Plan Summary 2).
The differences are because in the UK, specific areas are designed and designated as park and ride sites and the system used to levy charges on users is also significantly different from that used in Abu Dhabi.
In the UK, users incur charges at the entry and exit points when they are either making an entry into the park and ride site or when exiting from the point.
The benefit here is that the user enjoys the liberty of using a parking space for a long as the vehicle is parked at the same point irrespective of the duration. On the other hand, a different scenario prevails in Abu Dhabi.
In the city of Abu Dhabi, the user is charged per an hour for a maximum of 24 hours, analytically making the park and ride system in Abu Dhabi one of the most expensive in the world (Capital District: Master Plan Summary 2).
The benefits that commuters enjoy in other countries with similar park and ride systems include service to commuters who live several kilometers from the city center.
The Abu Dhabi ‘Park and ride’ system also offers commuters similar benefits to commuters who operate from distance areas from the city.
In addition, other cities of the world that enjoy the benefits associated with the park and ride system provide similar benefits enjoyed by the Abu Dhabi ‘park and ride’ system.
Research shows that when the park and ride system was introduced in different cities across different countries of the world, the aim was to reduce congestion in city roads and to minimize the impact on the environment.
Weaknesses in the system had not been assessed (Land Transport Authority 2).
According to research reports, many cities of the world have realised a balance between the benefits and disadvantages associated with the park and ride system.
In context, the problem with the park and ride system has been observed in Sweden, making the system inefficient because of the level of congestion and lack of funds to run the entire system.
However, the Abu Dhabi ‘park and ride’ system might not suffer similar problems because the system is designed to accommodate users based on a pay as you use system.
In this case, the pay as you use system spans different types of users in addition to providing additional revenue for the city in addition to reducing the number of private vehicles that ply the city.
Conclusion In conclusion the motivation for the study is to establish the similarities and differences that exist between the park and ride system used in Abu Dhabi and other cities in the world.
The results from the study show significant differences and similarities between the park and ride system used in Abu Dhabi and other parts of the world.
In addition, the system report shows that using the use and pay system or the pay and use system is a critical component in providing the revenue needed for the upkeep of such systems.
Findings underlie the park and ride system developed jointly by the government and other stakeholders and integrated into the commuter system of the Abu Dhabi forms a crucial component that is used to reduce congestion, create sustainable income, provide a system for reducing pollution, and minimizing environmental impact.
The study shows that park and ride system of the Abu Dhabi has similarities and differences between different cities of the world.
The park and ride system used in Abu Dhabi is based on pay and use system that enables each user to enjoy the parking services at a fee and is limited to 2 and 4 hourly charges with a 24 hour limit, subject to renewal, as the park and ride systems in the world.
It is important to note in context of this report that different ticketing systems are used because of different based on the demand and location of the space. In most cases, the spaces available for use in the system are designated to provide centralized and fair distribution of the services.
Typically, the structure of the system is determined and decided by the level of accessibility of the park and ride system to all and the convenience people find in accessing the parking space.
The benefit associated with the use of the system in addition to allowing people with different capabilities to use the system adds to the advantages of using the system.
It is also important to note that different cities and towns in the western nations have automated ticketing systems similar to the one developed and integrated into the park and ride Abu Dhabi Park and ride system.
The success of the program in Abu Dhabi and other parts of the world depends on capability of the staff members who run the system.
A well organized and coordinated staff using an interactive information system developed and integrated into the system provides the staff with the tools and capabilities to handle the traffic efficiently.
That is in addition to the cooperation afforded the staff by the law enforcement agencies and the government.
Works Cited Al-Kazily, Joan, “Analysis of Park-and-Ride Lot Use in the Sacramento Region,”Transportation Research Record 1321, TRB, 40.2 (1991): 835-62. Print.
Capital District: Master Plan Summary. Web.
Land transport Authority, Park
IT Project Management Plan for Gold Source International Ltd Company in Dubai Report custom essay help: custom essay help
Executive Summary This project seeks to launch a new product for Gold Source International Ltd Company in Dubai, (U.A.E.). The company will incorporate the use of IT in the development of the designing software and will use an internally developed website for creating awareness of the product.
The company will provide website’s links to social media for further awareness. The whole project will last for about 120 days. It will have various stages including planning, marketing, and the eventual launch. The project manager estimates that the project will cost about $175000.
The product will increase the product portfolio of the company and trail-blaze other competitors in the field of medicine. Hence, it will increase the company’s competitive advantage.
Project Objectives This project was commissioned to develop and launch a new product (Silicone Sealant product).
The product, meant to give customers options and to expand the product portfolio of Golden Source International Ltd Company was to roll out in cities in United Arab Emirates before spreading in other countries.
Other objectives were to expand the company’s bottom line by at least 50% and improve the customers’ satisfaction by an acceptable level of at least 50%. The following is a critical look at the project and its objectives with regard to various stakeholders (Reiss, 2007).
Project Stakeholders The stakeholders in this project were happy with the outcome. Customers appreciated the introduction of a new product that would increase their options in the market place.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The management of Golden Source International Ltd Company was elated by the design, efficiency, aesthetics, and performance of the product in the first three months.
The company staffs involved in the process of the making, advertising, launching, and promoting the product, prior and after the launch, were happy with the experience.
They were also happy with the performance of the product. Indications were that customers will shift massively towards this product and plans were already underway to see that the product is launched in other cities in Middle East and then Asia.
The product did not violate any environmental laws and in fact was been touted as ‘green’ product with a vision for solving 21st century problems. Every procedure laid out by the government was followed to ensure that there were no disappointments (Reiss, 2007).
Goals and Objectives The goals and objectives of this project as outlined before were clearly on course. The customers had already demonstrated happiness. This shows that they would rate the product positively.
The performance of the product in the few months after launch indicated that the company was on course towards achieving profit objectives set out (Reiss, 2007).
Project Constraints All the project constraints were adequately satisfied. The project was completed in 110 days against a target of 121 days. Additionally, a budget of $175000 had been set aside and the project exceeded this figure by only $1500. This was adequately within the margin of error.
We will write a custom Report on IT Project Management Plan for Gold Source International Ltd Company in Dubai specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Many pundits were happy with the product and the whole launch and performance of the product indicated positive results.
Project Scope In Scope
Golden Source International Ltd Company in UAE plans to launch a new product using its IT platform. This includes internally developed websites for marketing and software for designing.
It also incorporates IT usage in coordination of the various departments involved. Project deliverables include:
Designing of product prototype and final product using internal software
Developing a new website to market the product
Using IT platform to communicate within and between different departments
Using the available budget of $175000
Meeting a deadline of 120 days
Out of Scope
The project however is limited to the launch of the product in the market successfully. The project will not monitor the performance of this product in the market. Additionally, this project does not include the appraisal of the product to determine its profitability.
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Work Breakdown Structure
The project manager will subdivide the project scope into manageable segments, assign them to the respective individuals, and document that information. The following will be the work breakdown structure for this project.
Figure 1 WBS for Silicone Sealant Project
The above structure represents all the stages that the product will go through before the final launch.
This will be instrumental for the project manager, as he will know the sequence activities will take. Hence, it will be easy to assign tasks and to determine weak areas. This project does not have small work packages, as most work will be departmental (Reiss, 2007).
Not sure if you can write a paper on IT Project Management Plan for Gold Source International Ltd Company in Dubai by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Sub Units
The project manager shall specify the specific requirements of each sub unit. This includes approximate budgetary allocation, performance standards, and durations. The project manager will aggregate this information into a clear format for ease of reference (Castells, 2011).
Budget Cost Performance (‘000 Dollars) Project Item Budget Online Marketing 100 VIP product launch 50 Planning 5 Product design 15 Labor 5 Total 175 Project and Budget Control Charts
Project and budget control charts records cost, schedule performances to ascertain actual and planned performances of the project. Normally these are based on the nature of the work breakdown structure (Chase
Fossil fuel, nuclear energy, and alternative power sources Problem Solution Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
The pollution through fuel use, technology and many other aspects of civilized life has brought about many changes that humanity was not ready for, including a lessening of resources used for energy, a shifting pattern of crop’s growth and emergence of diseases. The Earth’s population must get ready for a new era that will require a more efficient use of energy and a better conservation of people’s health.
Energy is the force that runs everything present in the world. The law of conservation of energy states that no energy can be made out of nothing or destroyed, as it can only be converted. Energy changes states and cannot be produced out of emptiness, as some processes have to take place to bring it out (Lawson, 2001).
Due to this fact, humanity must use a source of energy to its advantage, and nature is the one that provides these sources (Niele, 2005). Unfortunately, the planet is seeing a major depletion in natural resources and fossil fuels which are the established source of energy that must be greatly counted, due to the decreasing numbers.
There are many known ways to produce energy that are not polluting and are in greater numbers, such as hydro electric stations, wind power, sun energy and nuclear power plants. Unfortunately, some availability is underdeveloped and others sound extreme.
Nuclear power is a topic that is discussed with real care and people are hesitant to rely on it alone. Even though it shows to be beneficial in areas of pollution, it is an extreme step and there is still a danger of accidents and accumulated pollution (Benduhn, 2008).
Fossil fuel is one of the options that can be used and it is rather cheap to manage. The benefits include low cost, high energy output and technology already exists to produce and contain the fuel. The disadvantages are the pollution or CO2 gases that cause greenhouse effect, as well as uncertain amount of fossils. It is clear that there is a limit to how much people can mine. Solar energy is another source which is abundant.
The amount of sun rays is enormous and presently, there are many places in the world, as well as technologies that use sun as the energy source. A major disadvantage is that there are sometimes weather conditions or places where there is very little sun or it is absent altogether. Wind power has seen some support and there are working turbines that use wind, but it is also uncertain, as it is hard to rely on weather conditions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are times when the wind is absent and it is impossible to make using human technology. The use of water power has been known to people for some time. Hydro electric stations have proven themselves as a clean energy source. There is a disadvantage of the ecosystem changing with the introduction of dams and plants, proving detrimental to the environment.
Also, there is no guarantee that rivers will always flow and produce energy. Biofuel is another option that has seen some support. A positive side is that it is made from animal and plant products and has been already widely used. But the tradeoff is an unstable production rate, as well as pollution and lack of land or resources to produce enough plants or animals (Dell, 2004).
The Energy Policy Act of 2005 addresses the issue of energy problems and offers benefits to anyone who has taken part in finding innovative ways to acquire energy. One of the provisions is to increase coal use but this comes with an addition of installing air polluting filters. From one perspective, this might seem like a good idea, as it is rather safe to use.
It is important to keep in mind that the amount of coal is decreasing and there is no guarantee that people will be able to discover more. Also, the filtration systems that must be installed can prove quite costly and there is a possibility that plants and industrial companies will not install them at all or will cut corners. This option lacks control and input from everyone equally.
Another proposition made by the act is the offering of loans to those who come up with new technologies, as well as tax breaks estimated in billions of dollars (Nazzaro, 2010).
This is a rather attractive way to make sure people get involved in finding renewable sources of energy that are clean and efficient. It is evident that with the government’s involvement and the promised benefits, people will be more inclined to develop technology instrumental to clean energy use (Ghosh, 2011).
Currently, there are technologies that have already proven to be important in clean energy production. Electric power and other energy sources have shown great potential. Nuclear energy may be much more beneficial to people and environment but it must be used with great care.
We will write a custom Essay on Fossil fuel, nuclear energy, and alternative power sources specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is evident that more safety procedures and preventative measures would have to be established, so that the risk is minimal to people and environment. Even though bioconversion, wind, hydro and solar energy sources are absolutely clean, they are unreliable and do not produce enough output.
References Benduhn, T. (2008). Nuclear Power. Pleasantville, NY: Gareth Stevens.
Dell, R. (2004). Clean Energy Cambrigde, United Kingdom: Royal Society of Chemistry.
Ghosh, T. (2011). Energy Resources and Systems: Volume 2: Renewable Resources. New York, NY: Springer.
Lawson, J. (2001). Conservation of Energy. Manitoba, Canada: Portage
Blood donation advertisement, causes and effects Research Paper college essay help online
Blood donation has been around for many years and has increased most recently. Many lives have been saved thanks to donors who have voluntarily provided blood when it was low in supply. An important aspect of blood donation is the knowledge that people have about the process and its reasons.
As a result, blood donation advertisements play an important role in getting people to donate blood. The blood donation advertisements have an overall positive effect on people, as they direct people to save the lives of others, as well as educate others on the useful health details and uses of blood.
The advertisements and campaigns for blood donations have been around for several decades. The significant amount of information that provides people with an idea and reasons for blood donations has played an important role in how people view donation and the out coming results (Johnson, 2010).
The major cause of the advertisements is to present a message that blood is always needed, as there is a significant deficit at times of medical emergencies. It is widely known that there are many accidents that take place every day which require donors to give blood, and sometimes, a form of reward for donating has yielded an increase in blood donors.
At the same time, there are some negative effects of the advertisements, as people might feel threatened in relation to their health and general well-being. Of course, the positive effects of advertisements have proven to be much higher than negative ones. This proves that the use of advertisements is much useful for people and health institutions. People become aware and better prepared to help fellow citizens.
The second cause is to educate people on the process and reassure them that it is completely safe. There are many individuals amongst any population who feel they might become infected or their health will significantly deteriorate after the donation (Hillyer, 2007). Even though complete information is not always provided in the advertisement, there are strict criteria that must be met prior to donating blood.
An individual is thoroughly tested before they can give blood, as any infectious disease can be easily transmitted to the person receiving blood (Hillyer, 2007). Also, a person giving blood might be susceptible to some risk, in cases where they have a health condition which can become worse by a lack of blood supply.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another cause of the advertisement is to establish regular donors who will provide a certain amount of supply to the clinics and hospitals. This will create a base of people in the population who can constantly and reliably contribute to the cause. The dependence of hospitals on the public is seen specifically through people who are dedicated and can give guarantees about their return.
The promotion of the unpaid donors will make sure that the blood banks have proper supply in case a need arises. An important purpose of the recent blood donation advertisements has been the attraction of the younger population. Previously, not a lot of younger adults were donating blood. This was due to lack of knowledge and some negative effects of the advertisements.
Currently, there is much information provided and people have become widely aware of donations through printed material and advertisements that can be seen on television and the internet. The age of technology has widened the spread of advertisements, so people can get visual representations of the purpose and positive effects of donating blood (Hillyer, 2007).
(World Blood Donor Day, 2013).
Unfortunately, there are advertisements that have a negative effect on people.
(Social Awareness: Donate Blood, 2013).
As is evident from the above image, some people can become frightened by the process of donating blood. The graphic representations of medical equipment or needles might discourage some people to give blood, as there are cases when having your blood taken can be painful or cause some form of bruising (Handin, 2003).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Blood donation advertisement, causes and effects specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Even though the greater population is prepared to feel some form of discomfort during donations, there are those who are predisposed to the fear of donating, especially through graphic representations of advertisements.
Blood donation advertisements and the donations itself not only affect attitudes and behaviors of people, but have a direct link to the economy of a country. One effect is rather positive, as the more blood people donate, the better services medical institutions will provide, which will increase the amount of patients and contributions to the economy.
Another positive effect of the cause is that the population will be healthier and people will be able to contribute to society and economy through participation in public matters (Handin, 2003).
This will lead to a more stable and reliable economy that will give back to society by having community programs and financial support of the country. A light negative effect can be observed, as the medical institutions have to use equipment that is sanitary and disposable. Each time a person is treated needles, gloves, syringes and other tools must be available.
The way people are affected by the blood donation advertisements and donation itself are one of the most important factors in the process. Primarily, people are provided with a reassurance that they can positively contribute to society and save people through relatively little effort from their side.
Both causes and effects of blood advertisement are respectful and honorable. People start realizing the value of their individuality and the important of public contributions. All someone has to do when donating blood is find some time to get to the hospital.
Once they get there, everything is done by professional nurses and doctors. A person simply gives away blood and does not need to commit a lot of time, work or risk own well-being. The advertisements and donations have a positive effect on the society and how people feel towards others and the greater community. It has an effect that unites individuals and allows for human compassion.
It also makes individuals acknowledge the importance of the cause and feel rewarded with the acknowledgement and contribution to society they have provided. People feel they have done something for the society and strength of others. Once a person realizes that they might have saved someone’s life, which is often the case, their own individuality strengthens, they start feeling better, kinder and more ready to help again.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Blood donation advertisement, causes and effects by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Blood donation and its advertisements have had a positive effect on both individuals and society in the most selfless and benevolent ways. It has spread a widely accepted notion that people can directly affect the well-being of others, which has many beneficial outcomes for those who donate and people in dire need.
References Handin, R. (2003). Blood: Principles and Practice of Hematology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams
Gender and Media Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
The modern world has brought about many changes in the way gender roles are viewed by the society. The media portrays women through songs and music videos in a provocative and objectified way, and even some artists themselves seem to support the discriminatory cycle.
Most recently, the media, music videos and movies have become much more open minded and uncensored. Women are shown to play the role of sexual objects. Unfortunately, some female artists have no problem appearing as a male possession and not a separate individual.
A clear example is Katy Perry’s song titled “Dressing Up”. The lyrics explicitly mention that the woman is ready to “dress up” as anyone in the male’s fantasy. She openly says that she enjoys playing different roles and the general tone of the song is rather pervasive (Perry 2010).
From one perspective it might be seen as a hypothetical situation and carry no harm, but the fact that the matter is so private, makes it inappropriate for the greater society. There are no benefits from this sort of content, only the negative image that is majorly supported in the main stream media.
The division between genders has been evident for a long time, with history to support this fact. Women have been fighting for equality rights and fair treatment and it has almost been achieved. In the present times, sexuality and gender play a differential role in society and communication between genders. The traditional beliefs, norms and separation of gender roles have been always prevalent.
For a long time, there has been a gender difference between men and women in life and social environment. Even though there were times when women were an instrumental part of the world and family, they were still oppressed.
Through the degrading and sexual nature of the modern media, the feminist movement is diminished, as women of the present world have not felt the harshest differential treatment and cannot fully relate to women who have devoted their lives to the fight for equality and justice.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Not only has there been a gender difference between men and women in life and social environment, but extreme discrimination and external conditions of the world and governmental ruling added to the role division. The despair and helplessness are very obvious, as women were constantly oppressed and deprived of any rights.
The factors could be seen in the community itself, as well as environmental factors, discrimination, segregation and economical position of the society. In a book titled “Imaginary Bodies: Ethics, Power
Propaganda Movement in Mass Media Synthesis Essay essay help
Introduction Through the perspective of Chomsky and Herman, it can be seen that the propaganda model helps to create an explanation behind the power of mass media within the current capitalist economy of the United States.
The propaganda model presents the notion that the content produced by mass media outlets is invariably aligned with the inherent interests of the political and economic elites in that the produced content supports the current sociological and ideological biases that this specific sector of the population espouses.
Through such support, this in turn impacts the perception of viewers who rely on the media as a means of information regarding daily events around them. Through the study of Gimenez et al. (2013), it was seen that the correlation between the propaganda model and the power of the media can be summarized on the impact of irrational exuberance as a means of influencing the behavior of a media outlet’s audience.
Irrational exuberance can be defined as the means of by which an individual molds their behavior on the actions of other people. It is defined as being “irrational” since some individuals tend to take things at face value resulting in their opinion being swayed by outside media without necessarily considering the other side of the issue.
One example of this can be seen in the recent case involving Trayvon Martin, an African American teen that was shot by George Zimmerman in an act of supposed self-defense. The coverage of the media involving this particular case continuously focused on the issue of race as being the prime factor behind the shooting with the media portraying Zimmerman as being racist towards African Americans.
What was “neglected” to be mentioned was that Zimmerman had in fact helped an African American family in the past and was not known to be overly racist. Furthermore, the photo of Trayvon Martin that was utilized by the media as a means of showing the face of the victim was not in fact a recent photo of him.
Rather, the photo was several years out of date and it can be assumed that a younger looking photo was utilized as a means of creating public anger at Zimmerman for shooting an innocent boy with a promising future ahead of him.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, it should be noted that Martin was considered by his school as a “high risk” student due to him being involved in various violent fights and dubious undertakings that were rarely mentioned by the mass media.
The end result though were numerous rallies and protests regarding the verdict of the trial where Zimmerman was found innocent, yet, those rallying were clearly impacted by irrational exuberance since they did not take into consideration the views of the school regarding Martin and the possibility that he may have been violent instead of the “saint like” portrayal that the protesters were rallying behind.
By placing the case of Trayvon Martin and the lack of sufficient coverage of both aspects of his life through the lens of the propaganda model, it can be seen that the issue was in part used as a means of furthering the cause of gun control advocacy. President Obama himself used the issue as a means of furthering stricter gun controls measures which at this particular point time was a “hot button” issue so to speak.
This shows how the mass media as it is known today has its own inherent biases in portrayal and presentation which are impacted by the powers that be (i.e. government and corporations) wherein issues are edited and presented based on what they want people to think and how irrational exuberance can set in to impact the decisions of viewers.
Usefulness of Understanding the Power of the Media: Media Ethos and the propaganda model In their analysis of the mass media within the U.S. Jackson
Smart Grid systems research Report best college essay help
Abstract The demand for electric energy has been on the increase both in the industrial and domestic cycles. This rising demand implies that additional generation stations ought to be put in place. The latter is flexible and allows interconnection with Renewable Distributed generation. Nonetheless, integrating distributed generation to power systems may lead to myriads of technical challenges such as the system stability.
The integration of distributed generation challenges can be lowered by employing the concept of Smart Grid. This piece of research essay focuses on system stability and the impact of interconnecting distributed generation into Smart Grid systems.
This was executed by simulating various perspectives of the grid. In addition, examining the primary stability parameters of the IEEE 9 bus test system is critical in this paper. The paper also investigates the effects of renewable distributed generation on power system stability and distributed generation on Smart Grid technology
Introduction Since the modern world has advanced in terms of technological well being, the production and dissemination of electric energy is critical to several economic sectors across the globe. Besides, the use of fossil fuels is quite rampant in the modern electricity generation and transmission of electricity.
However, these fossil fuels have proved to be significantly inefficient due to the growing demand for clean sources of energy. Besides, there is inadequate energy supply across the globe. This has increased pressure on natural resources. Power loss in terms of energy transmission has also been rife. The main cause of this loss is lack of efficiency.
This power grid should be in a position to meet quite a number of requirements as far as energy production and demand are concerned. When electric grids are being loaded, the use of smart grids technology is highly effective. Load levelling of the grid can be executed more effectively using this type of technology.
It is one of the technologies that can be used to generate clean sources of energy thereby limiting the evolution of carbon-emitting gases (Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, 2011).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Development of Smart Grid Smart Grid is an integral aspect in the growth and development of electricity production. Scientist drawn from developed economies were among the first experts who tried to work on smart grid. Irrespective of the challenges that they went through, significant success was attained. Other nations have followed suit in the development of smart grid technology.
Some of these countries include Australia, South Korea, Canada and China. There are quite a number of smart grid research-driven factors that take place at the national level. These include energy and environmental challenges, complex grid structure, lack of improvement on safety and efficiency of the power grid operation, and poor service quality of the entire power industry.
Statement of the problem There is a steady rise in renewable distributed generation. Therefore, it is being integrated into the power system network in order to suffice the high demand for electric energy. As a result, myriads of challenges regarding the power system stability and more specifically voltage stability may be experienced.
In addition, disturbances in the power networks might be an issue that DG units are not adequately equipped or prepared to handle effectively. Therefore, smart grid technology should be embraced so that the current challenges may be reduced.
If modern technology in the production of electricity is not adopted, then the current challenges may continue to hamper the needs of consumers and the expected profitability expected from this type of establishment.
Structure of the Report There are seven sections in this research paper. The growth and development of smart grid has been tackled in the first section. In the second section, further information about the smart grid has been explored in order to assist in comprehending the concept of smart grid as well as the requirements.
The solar energy and integration to power grids has been explored in the third section while the fourth section offers some basic description of Static VAR Compensator and how it works.
We will write a custom Report on Smart Grid systems research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In section five, Case studies, the set up of Smart Grid experiments, outcomes of simulation and discussions have been addressed. Lastly, the final section has been used to summarize the paper desire for future research that can be carried out to expand this body of knowledge.
Background Theory of Smart Grid Definition
Smart grid has been defined differently in various schools of thought. According to the Ontario Smart Grid Forum, smart grid is a contemporary form of technology that makes use of computing knowledge in order to boost the efficiency of producing electricity (Murphy, 2010)
On the same note, the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (2010) indicates that the smart grid can be defined as a system that can be employed in the production of electricity by connecting and putting into use the seamless communication system. Such a system is capable of collecting and storing vital information that can later be used to transmit intelligent information in the course of generating electricity.
Smart Grid benefits
Benefits in implementing smart grid could be as follows:
Reduction in congestion and accumulation cost.
Minimal likelihood of blackout and compelled power interruptions.
Reduction in restoration time, operations and maintenance due to predictively.
Analytics and self-healing attribute of the grid.
Reduce the price of electricity.
Create new products and services.
Decline in pinnacle demand.
Improves the incorporation of distributed of the quantity of electricity generated before being utilized.
Enhanced level of the much needed security
The improved flow of power leads to capacity improvement, system availability, reliability and power quality.
Efficiency due to increased capital investment.
Electricity users have new alternatives for controlling their cost and consumption of electric energy.
The Main Features of Smart Grid
According to Xue-song et al (2010), the key features of the smart grid technology include the following:
Self-healing: It is continuous on-line assessment and pre-control of power grid failure, as well as the failure of the automatic recovery.
Interactive: The system can achieve the intelligent interactions between grid Corporation and customers to achieve energy flow, information flow and capital flow two-way interaction.
Strong: Namely better identify and respond to man-made and natural disasters, protection, information security.
Optimization: Means Improve asset utilization, effective in reducing operation and maintenance costs and investment costs, reduce power losses.
The Smart Grid Capabilities Demand Response
The above can be defined as the process of controlling the quantity of electricity that is required by consumers. The latter is achieved by making use of real-time data. This type of response may be depicted in various ways.
For instance, the cost of electric energy at the point of distribution and the manner in which consumers behave are critical when responding to demand factor. It is possible to automate the system by integrating smart appliances and customer devices that often respond to signals remitted from the utility based on system stability and load parameters.
Distributed Generation and how it can be facilitated
In order to enhance the distributed generation, proper planning and management is required. Elements of the smart grid permit movement and measurement in both directions. Therefore, it permits generators that are located locally to produce electric energy that can be transferred to the grid system. The amount of energy produced should be compensated for accordingly.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Smart Grid systems research by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Optimization of Asset Use
Losses in energy can be minimised by the monitoring process. The entire system has the ability to minimise energy that may be wasted during the whole process of generating electricity. In addition, monitoring makes it possible to make timely maintenance of the system and environmental protection.
Problem Detection and Mitigation
There are myriads of customers who utilize electricity that have not come into the realisation of the minimal data that can be accessed by those who operate the grid. The most vital part of this information is found at the level of distribution. Whenever there are power outrages, the calls made by consumers are given special mapping that eventually aids in identifying the regions affected by the blackouts.
As a result, the affected switches, transformers and transmission lines are then repaired by engineers on duty. As a matter of fact, it is common for customer care representatives to request callers to investigate whether the neighbourhoods have been equally affected by the power outage. This does not imply that the transmission systems lack proper monitoring systems.
There are quite a number of energy management systems such as SCADA that have been employed in the past even though they are not very effective in regards to thorough visibility. In some cases, the capacity of the grid is usually overloaded up to even four times its ability (Moghaddam
Online Education in Californian Universities Argumentative Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Increase in Demand
Advantages of Online Education
Downsides of Online Education
Introduction The US educational system has been largely criticized recently. Scholars, officials as well as students note that the quality of services provided is steadily deteriorating. Moreover, the recent recession of economy has forced many higher educational establishments to cut budgets, which has a variety of negative effects.
Thus, lots of permanent and temporary residents of California are unable to obtain higher education due to the lack of space at higher educational establishments (Johnson, 2013). Online education is a good opportunity for those who cannot afford attending classes (predominantly due to the lack of time). Nonetheless, some claim that online education is less effective and still needs considerable funding.
Admittedly, online education has its supporters and opponents as any other educational option. Nonetheless, the advantages of online education are evident and further development of technology suggests that this educational option will be improved and will soon become a solution to many problems the US educational system is facing.
The Increase in Demand It is necessary to note that online education has become a topic of a lasting debate largely due to the increase in demand. Remarkably, the importance of higher education has been acknowledged and loads of young people are eager to obtain it to get better job opportunities.
At present, employers’ requirements are quite high and labor market is really competitive (Sherk, 2013). Admittedly, being competitive is vital at the period of economy’s recession.
The demand is growing and lots of students remain shut out. A Democrat from Sacramento, Senator Steinberg, states that “the state’s 112 community colleges each had an average of 7,000 enrolled students who were on waiting lists” (Lewin, 2013, p. A15). The Senator stresses that this is inappropriate as too many eager students have no access to higher education, and they are deprived of a variety of job opportunities.
Furthermore, 16% of Californian students graduate from higher educational establishments within a four-year period (Lewin, 2013). This trend occurs (in part) due to certain difficulty in getting the course students need. It is a common practice for students to remain at college for a larger period to get all the courses students deem necessary for their future jobs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also important to add that lots of adults (employed, unemployed, housewives, etc.) seek for college courses to become more competitive. Belmond (2013) notes that many people benefit from obtaining higher education and regard it as a very important milestone in their lives.
Angela Rockwood, a mother of seven children, who completed most of her degree more than fifteen years ago says, “It’s a wonderful opportunity for me as my children are growing older and I contemplate what else I would like to do with my life” (Belmond, 2013). Working people also consider possibility to access college courses.
Advantages of Online Education Online education addresses the issues associated with the lack of accessibility of higher education. Notably, California is the first state to introduce specific legislation that will require Californian higher educational establishments “to give credit for faculty-approved online courses taken by students unable to register for oversubscribed classes on campus” (Lewin, 2013, p. A15).
Many more students will be able to access higher education.
Noteworthy, students will not be tied to a particular geographic position anymore as they will be able to get the necessary course from a variety of colleges and universities. More importantly, students will be able to get the necessary courses within four years (Murphy, 2013).
Students will not have to wait for another year to get the course that will be necessary for them (the course which is not available at their college or university) as they will be able to access it at another university or college.
Needless to say, that online education is one of the best options for such categories as employed people, disabled people, housewives, etc. These people are often unable to attend face-to-face courses and are deprived of numerous opportunities (Belmond, 2013). Online course are often associated with more flexible hours.
We will write a custom Essay on Online Education in Californian Universities specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is also necessary to point out that people are now accustomed to the idea of online education. According to a recent poll conducted by USC Dornsife and Los Angeles Times, 59% of respondents agree that online education will make the US higher education more accessible, i.e. more effective (Gordon, 2013).
Another poll shows that people over the age of 50 support the idea in spite of some people’s concerns that this category will reject the option due to fear of technology.(Gordon, 2013). Clearly, online education is becoming a popular trend.
Downsides of Online Education Nevertheless, opponents of online education argue that the increase in such courses will deteriorate the US higher education. In the first place, opponents of this option claim that online education is likely to be associated with lower quality of education (Belmond, 2013). Some students think that online course are less challenging and do not work hard enough.
It is necessary to note that this has already caused some problems as the graduation rates in online courses are not very high. Some also associate online education with cheating (Gordon, 2013). They claim that online education offers much more opportunities for cheating due to technological imperfections.
However, this issue can easily be addressed through certain educational program. People should be aware of the peculiarities of online education and they should start regarding it as a similar option which also needs considerable amount of effort on behalf of the student.
Belmond (2013) notes that lots of people understand the necessity to obtain a particular course and they are committed to complete it successfully. As far as cheating is concerned, technology is being developed and the issues concerning cheating will be addressed as well. Therefore, online education is effective when a student has certain goals and is ready to achieve them.
Apart from fears of quality deterioration, opponents of online education argue that this is quite a costly educational option. For instance, Murphy (2013) notes that the University of California invests $10 million into development of several online courses.
Scholars claim that this is too much for an option which is associated with certain downsides. They add that these funds could be allocated more reasonable, e.g. more college spaces could be developed.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Online Education in Californian Universities by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Admittedly, the funding is significant. However, any improvement needs investment and the US educational system requires significant changes. Besides, the sum is not that significant if to take into account the number of students which will be able to access higher education. Such incentives will have a variety of benefits in the long run as more well-educated young people will enter the US labor market.
Finally, there are also concerns that Californian students will be still shut out as international students as well as students from other states will access the online courses. Gordon (2013) notes that online education opponents state that colleges and universities may tend to enroll non-Californian students as these students pay more tuition fees.
Non-Californian residents comprised about 20% of students last year in Californian higher educational establishments. Some express concerns that the rate of non-Californian online students will increase.
However, this issue can be addressed with the help of certain regulations. If non-Californian residents pose a threat to the state’ residents, regulations will be imposed. Besides, Californian students may also find courses available in other states. Mobility is always beneficial for the overall development. Clearly, this issue needs thoughtful consideration and additional research should be implemented.
Conclusion To sum up, it is possible to note that online education has become a topic of a heated debate due to increase in demand. At present, people understand the importance of higher education, which is a good trend for the development of the US society. At the same time, lots of people are still hostile to the idea of online education as it is feared that it can lead to education quality deterioration.
The development of online courses is also quite costly and financial constraints universities and colleges have can lead to certain unfairness in enrollment. Nonetheless, the fears mentioned above are rather groundless as some issues associated with online education are easily addressed.
Clearly, online education offers more opportunities for people who are eager to become competitive at the US labor market. Online education will make the US education more affordable and accessible.
Reference List Belmond, S. (2013). Online courses more effective for disciplined students. Simi Valley Acorn. Web.
Gordon, L. (2013). Survey shows growing support for online education in California. Los Angeles Times. Web.
Johnson, K. (2013). California State University expands online offerings. Sacramento Business Journal. Web.
Lewin, T. (2013). California bill seeks campus credit for online study. The New York Times, p. A15.
Murphy, K. (2013). California State University unveils ‘radical’ plan for online courses. Times-Herald. Web.
Sherk, J. (2013). Returning the unemployed to work: Adding online education to unemployment insurance. The Heritage Foundation, 9, 1-8.
Web Design for Selling Self-Published Books Report (Assessment) online essay help
Introduction This is a report about a Web site design for selling self-published books. The site provides various books in various aspects of healthy living. Users can download the e-book at a fee.
Many writers have resorted to self-publishing and there is a growing demand for an online business to sell such books.
Selling digital books on the Web site has become profitable because of the large market throughout the world and a lack of physical inventory.
The owner also has an option of conducting the business from any part of the world with the Internet connection. The e-books shall be useful to users and affect their living habits.
Goal Definition The aim of this project is to create a Web site for selling self-published books that will attract younger generations who have interests in various topics about. The Web site should have more than 500 visitors in a month.
Requirements The need to sale self-published books has increased with the development and accessibility of the Internet technologies. The Web site shall use effective payment options that are available in various parts of the world than what other businesses offer.
The Web site shall have the following requirements in order to ensure professional services to visitors and users (Eccher 30).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The visitor can start by browsing the available e-books on the subject of interest. The site may also suggest other books of interest for the visitor. Visitors who are members of the Web site can log in their accounts by using their user name and password.
New users can register new accounts at the Web site at no cost. However, users who wish not to register may explore the available e-books, but they cannot purchase any item from the site.
Users who have logged into their accounts can place their orders by specifying the required e-books, the number of copies needed and other important details, and then adding them to the cart. The system shall verify order details and provide the customer with the amount to pay for the items.
In case of any challenge, the system instructs the user to change some of the details. The customer may repeat the process until no more challenges can be noticed. The system shall also verify that the customer has placed the right order, check the quality of the e-book.
The customer will also specify the format of the e-book and the type of file (such as PDF, html, rtf,.doc etc). The customer may then execute the payment of the items by entering the appropriate payment details.
The system shall support different options lack credit cards, VISA, PayPal, and other e-pay solutions. Prices of all items shall be in the US dollar equivalent. The system must verify all payment details and establish the user’s identity in order to protect customers.
Once the customer has executed the payment, he or she will receive a confirmation message through notification border in the account, personal e-mail, and phone number. In addition, the system sends the message to the department to effect the transaction.
We will write a custom Assessment on Web Design for Selling Self-Published Books specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After this process, the system then sends the e-book to the customer provided e-mail for download or the customer can get the e-book in the account he or she opened with the company. Before the transaction is complete, users also have a chance to terminate the transaction.
Visitor The system shall also provide opportunities for customers to provide their feedback and suggestions on how to improve services, the Web site, and any other area of interest to them.
Fig. 1: Use case diagram
The use case diagram represents the stages of making the online e-book transactions. It shows the scope of the Web site, functional areas, and possible interactions between the visitors and the Web site (Ambler 1). The major players in these processes are:
Customer: the customer or the visitor is the major player in this process. The company provides opportunities for a customer in another location to purchase the book via the online method.
Administrator: the administrator can control the entire process of the customer’s interaction with the system. He also takes the role of the system operator and supports the entire process involved in e-book purchase. The administrator verifies all the details and interacts with the customer during the purchase process.
Database server: the database server stores the members’ identities and other details. It is also important during the registration of a new member.
Web server: the Web server contains details of e-books, costs, shopping cart, address, comment areas, rating, e-mail addresses, and other important aspects of the Web site.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Web Design for Selling Self-Published Books by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Users initiate the process by logging on to the system. On the other hand, new visitors can register and become a member. The customer can browse the available books, review their contents, and choose the suitable book.
In addition, the customer can review the book, rate, and add his or her comments. The customer selects the e-book of interest and adds it to the cart. In case of any challenge, the customer can make changes to the order. He can see costs of the item, which the system sends to the administrator.
The customer can then initiate payment by using any of the supported methods. After verification procedures and payment, the administrator can confirm the payment and send the e-book to the customer.
The customer may get the book in his account with the company or in his personal e-mail account.
Fig. 2: Online e-book purchasing processes
Site Plan Logical Structure
The logical structure has assumed a simple form structure (Booch, Rumbaugh and Jacobson 82). However, this structure may change as the design may acquire new features. The site hierarchy has the entire common navigational links. In addition, topical links are also a part of the structure.
However, the site avoids complex design to enhance usability and navigation. Visitors can navigate the site freely and move from one content to another. For instance, users can skip ‘About Us’ and transcend to ‘Product’ without passing through other areas.
The site plan is clear, simple, and concrete. Thus, it is simple for visitors to navigate from one menu to another without experiences challenges of being lost.
Design Prototype The design is interactive to allow the Web site to communicate the entire structure, contents, and functionality with other part is a manner provides ease of modification, usage, and merging without technical challenges.
This model shows clickable elements of HTML sections, which users can navigate while in the site. The design shall also have the necessary feel, images, and typography that match an e-book Web site.
The page has footer and header. At the Home page, there are also options for Register for new visitors or Member Log for existing users. At the Footer, there are buttons with links about Contact Us, Social media connection, Pricing, Help, and FAQ.
The Contact Us link leads the customer to the company’s e-mail address and phone number and physical location.
Users have the option of using any of the methods. Under the Pricing tab, customer can view each item with its price tag. In case a customer has challenges, there is a link for help of FAQs.
Whenever the user clicks on the Register button, the registration page shall pop up with all the fields for personal detail requirements and other related information. The process is linear to allow users to follow a simple process of registration.
Users must enter their last names, first names, e-mail address, zip (if applicable), phone number, physical address, and country. The user must then enter the password and confirm it by retyping the same password.
In case of any error, the system will highlight the section with the problem, and the users can make the required changes. After this process, users can then click the button ‘finish registration’.
It will show that the registration is successful, and the system automatically directs the new user to member’s page. However, users can also cancel their registration by clicking the registration button.
The Login page leads the user to where they can enter their user e-mail addresses and password in order to gain access to their account and member’s page. Users have the option of ‘remember my log in details’, which they can confirm or reject.
The system also has a Log out button for users who have completed their transactions. Once in the member’s area or in the account section, users can browse the available list of e-books, reviews, and ratings. User can also add comments and rate a book.
They can choose a book of their interests and review its content before making a decision to purchase.
Users can click on the remove button to remove an item from a list, or they can click on the cancel button to abandon the entire process.
The customer can make the order and specify the quantity. All items have their price tags. The system has automatic total price calculation, which the customer can see at the bottom of the list.
The payment button allows the customer to enter his or her payment information based on the preferred method. They can also cancel the transaction at this stage. The price list and total price are visible to the customer.
The payment process requires the necessary customer’s information. A customer can choose to pay by card or use online payment solutions. In the case of online payment, the customer will just enter the e-mail address and link to the payment account.
He will then confirm the required fields and verify information entered. The card option shall require the name, card number, and date of expiry. The process must undergo all security verification procedures before the customer can execute payment.
The customer can then click the ‘confirmation’ and ‘submit button’ in order to execute the transaction. They can also cancel the order at this stage.
The system automatically generates transaction details and sends to the customer activity section, personal e-mail, and specified mobile number. In addition, the notification and confirmation message also appears on the screen.
Site Implementation After the prototype stage, the designer must now implement the site. In this phase, the designer only dealt with three phases.
The first phase involves the implementation of the site structure design. The aim is to ensure that the designer distributed all contents of the prototype in a way that is user-friendly and logical.
The designer had various users’ behaviors in mind and used WSDM (Web search and data mining) as the guiding principle in the process. However, the designer also recognized that he could not foresee future behaviors of the users.
Therefore, the decision was on a speculative approach. Whereas the designer could measure other technical aspects like financial, time, and technical challenges, he could not measure users’ behaviors when using the site.
The second phase involved the presentation of the design of the Web site. The aim was to create a favorable feel and look of the site. In this process, the designer used a layout that accounted for users’ characteristics and mission of the company.
The designer used templates in order to reduce several cases of testing, create a consistent design, and enhance the speed of the process. The approach allowed the designer to use automated codes and other graphic parts.
The use of the templates also ensured that the Web site had a good layout for controlling different pages and functions. In fact, the designer realized that it was simple and cost-effective to use templates that only require insertion of information in the fields.
The third phase was the logical data design, which aimed to provide appropriate data for users. The designer presented information in various chunks and parts. This process only strived to ensure that customers got the necessary information they sought.
Thus, the designer concentrated on developing a perfect ontology for data. The designer used XML tool in this process.
During the site implementation process, the designer ensured that the database was maintainable, allow for modification, could not interfere with other functions, and fast enough for users.
Overall, the logical data design remained useful to the programmer. The designer relied on a Query Builder in order to develop such a database with a logical design.
The designer used Web Builder tool like WYSIWYG (What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get) to develop different Web pages. WYSIWYG allowed the designer to customize the site due to its several features, scripts, and templates.
The Adobe Dreamweaver supported several processes, improved the workflow, and reduced time during the coding process. It had library code snippets server debug, and other coding tools. The designer could view the CSS as a whole unit.
This made the process simple by allowing the user designer to see the style, identify areas for changes, and edit the style without changing the code.
The designer generated important features like object chunks, structure of the site, navigation systems, logical data system, design templates, page model, images, text areas, logo areas, and typo styles.
Testing Functionality Testing
The designer tested for links of Web pages, connections, cookies, links for information submission and receiving.
It also involved testing for “internal links, e-mail links, orphan pages, broken links, and links going to the same page” (Ash 23).
Testing also covers all pages. Forms validate all lists in every field and default values. The designer also tested for cookies and HTML/CSS. Users could scroll the site without difficulties.
This tested for consistency of information in the site, query results, retrieval, and updates.
This involved testing for the ease of navigation, usage, clear instructions, and availability of the Main menu.
There were no spelling errors. Color and font were visible. All contents were within the frame. All images had appropriate size.
The designer tested for interface elements like “Web server and database server” (Ash 23). The designer ensured that all interface features interacted properly.
There was a logical model for handling errors from application servers. The designer also tested for effects of interruption during transactions. The system always requested the user to cancel and confirm the process.
This involved testing with different browsers, the mobile version, and printing options due different configuration. The Web site must match these standards. The designer used cross browser to ensure compatibility with the major browsers.
AJAX required testing for user interface functionality, security testing, and other validation processes. The designer tested the Web site on various browsers like Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, and Opera browser among others.
The designer tested for the Web site “functionality and compatibility with the various Operating Systems” (Nguyen, Johnson and Hackett 34).
Not all graphic designs and interfaces may be compatible with the current Operating Systems. The designer tested OS like Windows, Solaris, and Linux among others.
The new age of technology has shifted to mobile devices, and mobile devices have increased Internet accessibility. Therefore, the designer tested for the Web site on a mobile browser for compatibility (Nguyen, Johnson and Hackett 34).
Customers who wish to print their transaction details should not experience challenges. The designer tested for suitability of fonts, graphics, and page alignment for proper printing.
The Web site should bear the greatest load and stress. The designer tested for loading and connection speed. The system could handle several requests, large data, and connection to database and upload to certain pages.
The designer tested if the system could “handle large loads beyond its specified limits” (Nguyen, Johnson and Hackett 34). The areas of focus included log in, registration pages, and other input fields. The crash report was significant for future improvements.
The designer also tested for stress functionality on various browsers, Oss, hardware, and, memory capacities, and software.
Finally, the designer tested for the Web site security features. The system had the ability to record all transactions, error messages, and unauthorized attempts of logins.
The Web site was ready for a release after testing. The designer observed whether the Web site met users’ expectations. Users had the option of proving feedback about the overall site experience.
The process also involved measures of goals and any possible correction required for the Web site functionality and usability.
The Web site shall require constant maintenance in terms of improving current features, technology improvement, and changes in the visual features. In addition, the site shall require regular update of available books.
Works Cited Ambler, Scott. User Interface Design Tips, Techniques, and Principles. 2012. Web.
Ash, Lydia. The Web Testing Companion: The Insider’s Guide to Efficient and Effective Tests. New York: Wiley, 2003. Print.
Booch, Grady, James Rumbaugh and Ivar Jacobson. The Unified Modeling Language User Guide, 2nd ed. Boston: Addison-Wesley, 2005. Print.
Eccher, Clint. Professional Web Design: Techniques and Templates, 4th ed. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.
Nguyen, Hung, Robert Johnson and Michael Hackett. Testing Applications on the Web: Test Planning for Mobile and Internet-Based Systems, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley, 2003. Print.
Promotional Strategy for Best Clothing Exploratory Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Introduction The aim of this report is to investigate and provide the Best Clothing Company with the most effective promotional strategy for introducing female leather jackets/coats, which is a new product, into the market.
Best Clothing is a small business located in Nottingham, United Kingdom, which mainly manufactures and sells women clothes. Best Clothing currently plans to introduce a leather jacket/coat for women into the highly competitive UK market.
The clothing market in the United Kingdom is perceived to be very competitive; with most of the clothing companies being large-scale, they can easily lower the prices of their clothes to take control of the market.
For Best Clothing to successfully launch the new product, it must employ an effective promotional strategy.
This report provides an exclusive description of the aspects Best Clothing needs to consider to launch the new clothing product into the market.
The report describes the project rationale; campaign audience profile; campaign objectives; campaign idea; creative execution, marketing, and communication strategies; and how the success of the campaign will be measured.
Project Selection and Rationale The aim of the promotional strategy described in this report is to assist Best Clothing to successfully introduce the new leather jacket/coat for women into the market. There are a number of challenges that Best Clothing needs to consider before it plans to launch the new product.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, the UK market for clothes currently experiences stiff competition, which could make it difficult for Best Clothing to get into the market with the new product, given that it is a small-scale business.
These are some of the problems and challenges that Best Clothing needs to put into consideration when designing the promotional strategy for the new product.
The most effective way by which Best Clothing can introduce the new product into the market is by creating consumer awareness about the product.
Such awareness can be created through the implementation of an integrated marketing communication strategy that uses the internet, support media, advertising, public relations, sales promotion, and direct marketing.
An integration communication strategy that uses all of these communication modes can enable the company to reach all the target consumers for this particular product (Smith
Value of Twitter and other forms of Social Networking tools Analytical Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
The value added by social networking sites when used by the employees of a company to pursue the goals and objectives set by the company cannot be underrated or simply swept below the carpet.
In this generation, social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook are currently being used by other businesses as a medium of advertising their products and services in an effort to reach clients not easily accessible through conventional methods of media adverts such as television and radio.
A clear example is drawn from Drapers magazine that states “Dell is believed to have generated more than $3m in incremental revenue through Twitter within a year” (Social media: A tactical tool or a core business strategy, p.1).
Dell is a reputable electronics company, yet in some ways it has embraced the use of social networking sites; thus, this is a largely untapped potential goldmine that can add a lot of value to the business.
The idea of doing away with the use of social networking sites during office hours may be well informed, but most of my colleagues are young and techno conversant and they clearly understand the company’s rules which require them to separate their personal lives and work.
Hence, they may use the sites to find new information that leads to the increased revenues of the company, interact with their peers working for the competitors and thus get information about the latest trends in the market.
They also learn new laws that are directly or indirectly related to the company’s business and in this case the company is not justified to cut off this form of communication as it could lead to reduced sales and revenues of the company.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is also a remedy if the company believes employees are wasting time, then they should advocate for them to have two social networking accounts just as it is advocated by Alan Katz’s, who “finds the now-common practice of having multiple Facebook accounts, one personal and one business, to be a smart strategy for using the site” (Galentine, p.2).
Another important fact to note is that most of us know about this company from the social media networking sites specifically Twitter. It is from there that I was able to research about the company and learn more details about its operations; I bet the same is also true about my colleagues.
It is also through the social media that we are able to research the different preferences of our potential customers or corporate companies. Thus, in the work process we are able to provide a service that suits them and meets their immediate and long term needs.
Restricting access to social media from now henceforth, will banish us to offering services and products to our customers that they may not like. This will lead to dissatisfaction among the customers, and thus a reduction in revenues of our company.
Embracing the use of Twitter and other social media tools is not only beneficial in terms of increasing the company’s revenue and employee performance, but it is also relevant and valuable to the company itself.
This is evident by the increased number of companies that have their own social media sites that enable them to receive and reply customer feedback.
The companies also use the same sites to monitor and evaluate the behavior of their potential employees; they do this by monitoring their updates and comments.
We will write a custom Essay on Value of Twitter and other forms of Social Networking tools specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, this saves the company from hiring controversial or troublesome staff. Hence, I am of the opinion that the company should continue providing us with access to social media tools especially Twitter and Facebook.
References Galentine, E. (2011). The art of social media success; with a background in both employee benefits and politics, success was in the cards for Alan Katz’s Health care reform blog. Employee Benefit Advisor, 9(2), 1-32. Web.
Social media: A tactical tool or a core business strategy. (2011, February 2). Drapers. Web.
Customer Relationship Group Report Report scholarship essay help
Customer relationship management has gained a lot of popularity over the recent years. According to Hutt and Speh (2013, p. 92), the world is increasingly getting competitive. Firms currently find themselves fighting for the market with various other firms in the industry.
Optus finds itself in this situation in this market. Optus is an Australian telecommunication company that is a subsidiary of SingTel. The firm is considered as one of the largest telecommunication firms in Australia.
Given the competitive nature of this market, the management of Optus has the responsibility of ensuring that it offers high value to its customers.
According to Hill and Jones (2010, p. 113), the process of acquiring and retaining customers within an organization requires a high level of value offering. Customers have become very sensitive of the value that they are offered. They only become loyal to firms which offer high value in the market.
Value can be offered using various channels. Buttle (2011, p. 42) observes that one of the best ways of delivering value to the customers is through the product. Optus can consider offering value to its customers by ensuring that the value of their products is very high.
Delivering value through product is one of the best ways that a firm can endear customers to it. Australians are high consumers of internet services. They prefer having an internet service provider that will offer a fast internet which is very reliable throughout the year.
This is what Optus should offer. The service should be efficient and able to meet the demand of the market with a lot of ease. The market expects this firm to deliver very high communication services to the market.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As such, the technical team of this firm should ensure that its customers using the call system are not affected by cases of a jammed network that may cause problems in communication.
Quality service delivery always makes customers willing to pay premium prices because they always feel that the price is justified. As Ulaga (2011, p. 21) says, customers always want a firm that offers a product that is either above or within their expectation.
The moment the product offered is below their expectation, they would consider it of poor standards, and as such, would consider going for alternative products.
It is important for the management of Optus to realize that losing a customer to a competitor in this market can be very dangerous to its sustainability.
Most of the customers who move away from the firm due to dissatisfaction rarely come back. The memory of their dissatisfaction would always keep them away from the firm for a very long time. For this reason, this firm should ensure that its products meet the expectations of the market.
Optus has been keen on using communication related strategy in delivering value to its customers. The management of this firm has always maintained a close communication to its customers.
The customer care unit has various channels through which its customers can communicate to the firm over the products offered to this firm.
We will write a custom Report on Customer Relationship Group Report specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To enhance communication between the firm and its customers, the management of this firm has toll free numbers which allows customers to call this firm over any issue relating to the product.
The firm has a well established call center where customers would have a direct communication with the management over service delivery. This has helped it win the loyalty of its customers.
Whenever a customer who is dissatisfied calls, there is always an officer ready to offer detailed explanation and even apologies whenever there is need. This has helped it create a good rapport with the customers.
Although process related strategy may not be very pronounced in this industry as a channels of offering value to the customers, the management of Optus has made an effort to use it. This firm has always ensured that its customers can generate extra value while consuming their products.
For instance, those who use their internet bundle always get a bonus at specific hours when they can use the service free of charge. This is to help enhance the level of customer satisfaction.
Integrating channels to deliver source of value is always important in ensuring that the firm gives maximum to the customers. According to Ellis (2010, p. 78), integrating the channels helps in maximizing the level of customers’ satisfaction.
This scholar says that it can be very challenging when a firm ensures that it offers maximum satisfaction to customers, but lacks proper communication system to these customers. The value of the product may be high, but a customer may need some form of clarification from the firm.
When this communication system is poor, it would be a source of dissatisfaction. Such a customer may consider using another firm which has appropriate communication system.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Customer Relationship Group Report by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Keller (1993, p. 12) says that these channels are integrated, and a firm needs to ensure that none is overemphasized over others. This is what Optus has been keen on in this market.
Customer segmentation is always very important. Thomas (2007, p. 3) observes that different segments consider satisfaction from different fronts. The market segment with lower purchasing power always considers satisfaction on the basis of fair pricing and quantity of the product.
On the other hand, the richer class always wants quality even if the price is high. When the management of Optus has conducted comprehensive market segmentation, the main issue that comes in should be how each segment views quality.
The firm should then consider offering value to each market segment. Market segmentation should mostly be based on the purchasing power when dealing with the telecommunication industry.
Other demographical factors such as religion and culture may not have a substantial effect on the buyer behavior in this industry.
Optus must realize that customer attraction and retention is the key to winning a larger market share to its side. Customer relationship management should be given a lot of attention by the top management of this firm because it is through this that the firm would be assured of its continuity.
The management should make use of the recent technological developments to ensure that there is a constant and smooth communication with its market. Its website should be interactive enough to allow for a two way communication system with the firm.
The management should also have active e-mailing system to enhance communication. Social media has become a very important platform for reaching out to the market. The management should therefore, integrate social media marketing in its communication system.
Such social media as Facebook, Tweeter, YouTube and LinkedIn among others should be given enough focus as means of communication.
List of References Buttle, F 2011, Customer Relationship Management: Concepts and Technologies. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.
Ellis, N 2010, Business-to-business marketing: Relationships, networks and strategies, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Women and Feminism Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Women and feminism
The Choice of the Topic
Introduction Feminism refers to a movement and a set of ideologies aiming at redefining, identifying, and defending the political, economic and social rights of women in society. In particular, the major role of feminists is to advocate for equal chances for women in education and employment.
The theory emerged from the imaginations of various women who sought to comprehend the nature of gender inequality through the understanding of social roles and various positions of individuals in society.
The theory has a different interpretation and definition of gender and sex. Even though there are varieties of feminists, the major aim of all feminism is to fight for the rights of women in society. These aims include the fight for the reproductive and bodily rights of women.
In this regard, women should be given freedom to make decisions touching on their health. Through feminism, there is a new interpretation of gender and sex.
Scholars upholding this view observe that women should be given some reproductive rights, such as using contraceptives and procuring an abortion at will. In the modern society, what entails reproductive health is well documented.
The world agency in charge of health (WHO) notes that couples should be given the freedom to decide on the number of children they should have (Cole,
Culture and Business Practices in Asia Response Essay writing essay help
The Summary of the Article The article Conflicting Imperatives in Modern Thailand written by Phillip Niffennegger, Songpol Kulviwat, and Napatsawan Engchanil (2006) is aimed at discussing the ways in which the cultural values of Thai Buddhism interact with western worldviews and principles. They authors highlight the differences between these ideologies. To some degree, these discrepancies can hinder the economic development of this country.
The scholars examine a set of different characteristics that distinguish Thai people from people living in the United States or Europe. Much attention is paid to uncertainty avoidance, power distance, or individuality. Additionally, Thai people attach importance to spiritualism, instead of material attachment (Niffennegger, Kulviwat,
Fashion Designer Jeremy Scott Report essay help online
Table of Contents Information about Jeremy Scott
Scott’s Latest Collection
Information about Jeremy Scott Jeremy Scott is one of the most renowned American fashion designers at present. He was born in 1974. He moved to New York and entered Pratt Institute in 1992 (Van Meter 12). He stated he had quite rough time there as there were really high standards.
After graduation, he moved to Paris and his first show was a great success. In 1997, he was accepted by the rest of the world and he was seen as a new and bold designer capable of breaking rules (Evans 73). His collaboration with Adidas made him even more famous and his design of sneakers with bears is now regarded as iconic.
It is necessary to note that his source of inspiration is the world around him. He does not follow some conventions and he does not have a model fashion designer (Evans 73). When he talks about his latest collection, he says, “Too weird to live, too rare to die” (Bettery Magazine n.p.). This is an inspiring collection due to a variety of reasons.
Scott’s Latest Collection Jeremy Scott once said, “Life is too short to wear boring clothes” (“Jeremy Scott” 8). His latest collection is an example of his standpoint. The collection is inspired by the theme of monsters and the unknown future. Just like any other of his collections, this year Fall/Winter collection is very eccentric. He explores new forms, shapes, combinations of colors and textures.
Bright and even neon colors prevail in the collection. It is necessary to add that black color is often combined with such bright colors as neon red or green, which creates a very special effect. Scott makes use of plain as well as patterned cloth. This collection includes really interesting checkered prints and plaid cloths.
Thus, he combines black top and checkered loose trousers. The garments are characterized by specific prints inspired by cartoon monsters.
As far as the new shapes and textures are concerned, Scott resorts to punk culture. Triangle and rectangular forms prevail. Short skirts and tops are intermingled with long sweaters and trousers. The fashion designer uses cotton, oilskins, jersey and artificial fur. The combination of these textures creates the atmosphere of punk monsters’ carnival.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Major Competitors It is necessary to note that fashion designers tend to be careful with their ideas and try to please the public (Van Meter 12). Scott is one of those who are bold enough to reveal the world of his ideas. Other fashion designers who are ready to surprise people are Russel Sage and Martin Margiela. The three fashion designers reveal some trends which are in the air. They are ready to experiment and combine colors, textures and concepts.
Conclusion To sum up, it is possible to note that Jeremy Scott is one of the most extraordinary American designers who have a great impact on the development of the fashion industry. He is ready to surprise people with his choices. He is capable of creating new forms and exploiting the most striking concepts.
The latest collection of this fashion designer is another illustration of his mindset. He manages to create fashionable garments based on the concept of monsters. The punk nature of his garments makes the collection very young, appealing and lively. Jeremy Scott keeps helping people live their lives without the doom of boring clothes.
Works Cited Evans, Caroline. Fashion at the Edge: Spectacle, Modernity and Deathliness. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007. Print.
“Jeremy Scott.” RWD Magazine Oct. 2012: 8. Print.
“Jeremy Scott Fashion Show Fall/Winter 2013/14.” Bettery Magazine 2012. Web.
Van Meter, William. “Jeremy Scott, the Fashion World’s Last Rebel, Still Standing.” The New York Times 18 Dec. 2011: 12. Print.
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Is Faux Fur Responsible for the Rebirth of the highly coveted Real Fur to the Fashion Industry? Analytical Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Introduction Faux fur, which is otherwise known as synthetic fur, has been thrown into the limelight for some time now in the fashion industry as well as in the circles of the animal rights activists who have made it the subject of much attention. Faux fur was invented as an alternative for real animal fur.
It has so far cut a niche among the fabrics in the fashion and design sector, which is a booming business in the world. Is faux fur responsible for the rebirth of the highly coveted real fur to the fashion industry?
Does it suffice to refer those who prefer faux fur fashion as animal haters? What animal cruelty aspects are involved in the process? These three questions will form a basis for this research about faux fur in a bid to determine whether it is responsible for the rebirth of the highly coveted real fur to the fashion industry. I have chosen this subject because I have always considered fur unique.
However, there is an attachment of class with it, which makes it very expensive to buy and/or maintain due to the rank touch given to it. Besides, I have chosen the comparison of faux fur and real fur as a topic of interest due to the never-ending debate in the industry with one group of players supporting the use of real fur while the other opposes its use.
The division in this debate is so big that it has somehow dictated for some time the direction of the glamour industry with a lot of scrutiny being placed on models whenever they do fur fabrics. On the other hand, models who are a big influence on trending fashions have taken different stands depending on what they believe in between the already done synthetic fur or the real fur.
This issue has had an impact on the market for fur clothing. Although research has been done on the impact of both types of fur on the market, there has never been conclusion on the debate due to its cyclic nature.
Synthesis of secondary information to underpin my choice of topic Faux fur and real fur have been in existence in the market for so many years now. They coexist on the same platform. Real fur has been around for a longer time. In fact, due to its original nature, it has cut a niche that has made it unique because it is real. The governance of the fur business has been included under laws of the country with the aim of achieving different objectives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The first objective of the law was to protect real fur from being confused with fake fur as a way of protecting consumers from fake fur. Real fur is expensive to obtain. Thus, it is not commonly available to everyone. The need for people to look glamorous from the cheap end led to the rise of fake fur as an alternative to the real fur.
Because it needs scrutiny to differentiate, someone from a distance may not be in a position to tell the difference. The fur products labelling Act 15 of the U.S. C section 69 sets the rules for the use and labelling of fur products. It defines what fur is and/or what can be defined as a fur product. The federal laws governing the fur fabric business restrict the kind of fur to be used, from which animal, and the extent the fur is to be used.
Fur from animals such as dogs and cats is prohibited from being used to make fabric in the United States of America, thus making it specific in terms of which fur can be used. State Legislature (2008) reveals how “fears are all over that fur from prohibited animals has been integrated into the faux fur of fabrics being sold in America” (p. 13). This shows the intertwining debate that is in the fur industry.
On one side, proponents of the real fur are fighting to define fur as real fur thus keeping quality high for fur products that are being produced around the world. In this campaign, they work hard to ensure that synthetic fur is not labelled as real fur to confuse real fur lovers.
On the other hand, faux fur manufacturers try to beat the law by including some animal fur as part of their fur fabrics to tap into the market of animal lovers who are the proponents of faux fur. This makes the debate unending due to the different complex interests of the industry. Different beliefs and points inform the choice of fur to different people.
According to Katz (2008), it did not matter initially whether the fur she was wearing came from animals until one day she heard on the radio how some teddy bears were made from kitten hides. This made her become a full time faux fur lover (p. 8). The intriguing debate on the use of real fur and faux fur may not seem to end soon due to the strong positions the two groups have legitimately taken.
The effects of the debate on the two types of furs cannot be ignored because these factors inform most buyers on their choices of fur fabric that they wish to wear. Therefore, we cannot ignore or wash it away. Real fur remains the more prominent of the two furs due to the value attached to it as compared to faux fur.
We will write a custom Essay on Is Faux Fur Responsible for the Rebirth of the highly coveted Real Fur to the Fashion Industry? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Real fur has a better history in relation to faux fur. This has made people of class who go for it to protect it from being imitated and from being banned as suggested by animal rights activists. Angela Valasquez (2011) finds that the choice of fur in most cases comes with the cold weather and/or the need to look good in any attire (p. 28). Wintertime requires heavy clothing to keep warm.
To avoid heavy clothing, fur comes in as the best light fabric to keep away the cold and/or keep the person warm without feeling overdressed. This makes fur remain an important fabric in the industry.
Strategic Issues relevant to my course The fashion and marketing industry has different strategic issues that define how the industry operates together with how its future looks like. To survive in an industry, one needs to find out the fundamental issues that dictate the operations of the industry because these issues determine the direction the industry is supposed to take and thus its continual survival (Faerm 2012, p.211).
Strategic issues affecting the industry tend to vary from one issue to the other. Some issues are not static in that they tend to change over a period while some issues are static in such a way that they have always been part of the strategic and defining factors of the industry.
Therefore, for any person pursuing this course, there is the need to have knowledge that is empowering in such a way that the person becomes informed better on how to tread in the industry.
Just as the law governs all sectors of life, so is the fashion and marketing industry. The governance part that is brought about by the law is meant to ensure that the industry operates within certain limitations that would be consistent with the law of the land and one that would safeguard consumers from exploitation by the industry players.
Mishra (2009) states that the understanding of the law that govern the industry the student is training in is a fundamental steep in understanding the different handles of the industry since, once practicing in the industry, one is able to do his or her business legitimately ( p. 48). In the case of the fashion industry, there are several laws that govern different issues that come up.
This step is meant to place the functioning of the industry in synchrony with the functioning of the law of the land in general. The understanding of the law enables practitioners to operate within the lines of the law so that they are not cited for infringement of the same.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Is Faux Fur Responsible for the Rebirth of the highly coveted Real Fur to the Fashion Industry? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Different countries have different laws governing the marketing and fashion industry. Thus, it is prudent again for one to be aware of the different laws of different countries governing the industry (Miller 2009, p. 999) because fashion and marketing are a highly global industry and that being knowledgeable on the global front is a big advantage because it might require an individual to operate seamlessly in different countries.
Ethical issues are an important aspect that one needs to know as he or she trains in the field of fashion design and marketing. Ethical issues can vary from one group to the other depending on what an individual or group believes. However, there is the need to know the issues that cut across the industry, or are followed by the majority of the industry players.
The interesting bit about ethical issues is that they may be legal according to the law. However, count a lot on the credibility of the industry player. One of the ethical issues that have been embedded in the law touch on the identification of the material used to make an item (Craig, Guido
Film Discussion: “Diva” by Jean-Jacques Beineix Essay (Movie Review) essay help
France has always been associated with such concepts as love, beauty, art, culture and carefreeness. However, the end of the twentieth century was the period when the humanity faced the issues related to upcoming globalization. That was the period of certain confusion and even despair, anger and hope.
The image of France as a land of romantic blonde girls and adorable French men was somewhat distorted in the end of the twentieth century. France of that period was already a multicultural and highly diverse (in all respects) society. Jean-Jacques Beineix revealed this new French modernity in his film Diva (1981).
He showed the society where crime was crawling through subway stations to the heart of the country where culture and art as well as love and beauty were still cherished.
The protagonist of the film, Jules, represents a whole generation of young people who are only entering the brand new world after schools and colleges. Importantly, the young man is fascinated by music and this stands for strong French traditions. French culture is based on such values as art, nature, love and beauty.
The young man is in love with Cynthia’s talent. Some may call it obsession with a celebrity as the young man steals a dress as well as the very voice of the performer (recording may also stand for stealing here). Nonetheless, this is more of love and fascination with talent or art.
The film contains another manifestation of French ‘cultural self-consciousness’, so-to-speak. Jules and Cynthia stroll along the most remarkable places of Paris. The two people have an opportunity to enjoy the landmarks without the noise of the diverse Parisian society.
Their stroll (early in the morning) suggests the director’s (as well as any French person’s) admiration with the stunning architecture of Paris. Culture and art, though they are silent and can be appreciated in solitude, still reign in the minds of French people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the same time, the film also reveals the new trends in the French society. It is believed that such concepts as gangsters and crime were brought to France from the USA, i.e. American influence was manifested by the interest to this part of societal life. Jean-Jacques Beineix also resorts to these concepts.
He does not try to understand where these trends come from, but he exploits them to reveal the new reality. Thus, the reality of the 1980s makes Jules involved in lots of dangerous situations. French subway becomes a place of certain criminal activity. There is a homicide and music piracy, police corruption and theft.
The film depicts insecurity within the French society in the 1980s. Jules tries to remain in the world of his cultural values but is forced to be a part of the criminal activity of various groups. Notably, subway suggests that criminal layer of the French society is becoming a considerable subculture. The director uses dark spots of subway to depict criminal part of the society.
Criminal groups are still in the shadow and corruption is something new and unknown. Jules as well as the French society is not ready to the new trends and the new subcultures. However, these trends are becoming less obscure and French people are learning how to handle all the manifestation of the new reality and new modernity.
Finally, the film also dwells upon another peculiarity of the French modernity. Diversity was another trend the French society had to get used to. Jean-Jacques Beineix depicts diversity at different levels. One of the most explicit types of diversity revealed in the film is cultural. Jules is in love with an African American singer, he befriends a Taiwanese girl and her Russian friend. Jules is trying to escape from Taiwanese gangsters.
This multicultural interaction reveals the newly born French society which is now characterized by cultural and ethnic diversity. Beineix noticed the new trends in the early 1980s.
Apart from cultural diversity, the film also depicts social diversity. Thus, the film highlights some episodes from the life of a young postman, a popular opera singer, a bohemian rich man and his muse, a prostitute, a high-ranking police officer, and gangsters.
We will write a custom Essay on Film Discussion: “Diva” by Jean-Jacques Beineix specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Beineix manages to depict all major layers of the French society. He also stresses that there is an ongoing interaction between all the layers of the modern French society. More so, there are hardly distinct lines between the social layers.
In conclusion, it is possible to note that the film Diva (1981) reflects the creation of the new modernity in the French society. The new reality was forming in the 1980s and Jean-Jacques Beineix managed to notice the transformation and depict it in his film. The film shows the creation of a highly diverse society where there is a close interaction between different groups.
It is clear that the society of the 1980s was not ready for the transformation and people were somewhat at a loss. Nonetheless, in his film, Beineix reveals his hope that the French society will be able to cope with the change and remain faithful to such concepts as culture, love and art.
Importance Negotiation in Our Life Expository Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Negotiation is a part of people’s life. Notably, people start negotiating at a very early age when they first ask their parents to let them watch more TV. Admittedly, business world is based on the principles of mutual interest. Politics is also the world of constant negotiation. Organizations have to negotiate to remain competitive. In the first place, it is necessary to define the concept.
Hence, negotiation is a process that takes place between people (or groups of people) “who have mutual interests but some differences that need to be resolved” (Goldwasser 2006, p. 77). Importantly, negotiation is possible when the parties have interests in common.
It is also necessary to note that compromise is often an indispensible part of negotiation, i.e. negotiation often includes “making concessions” (Goldwasser 2006, p. 77). It is possible to consider at least three major reasons why negotiation is important.
Development of proper relationships between people and groups of people is one of the most important reasons why negotiation is important. Thus, a French diplomat of the 18th century noted that “the fate of the greatest states depends almost entirely on the good of bad conduct of their negotiators” (Benoliel 2011, p. 1). In the contemporary globalised world, such a statement is still up-to-date.
Countries have to negotiate on a variety of issues to keep peace and contribute to the development of humanity. The World War II is one of the examples of ineffective negotiation as there is some “speculation” that Nazi’s desire to revenge “for the way their country had been treated” led to the war (Goldwasser 2006, p. 81). Therefore, negotiation helps countries co-exist and cooperate.
Apart from the political arena, negotiation is important for the development of the humanity in a variety of terrains. Thus, Spangle and Isenhart (2003, p. 3) note that negotiation “produces a codetermination of understandings about perceptions, knowledge, interests, and outcomes”. In other words, negotiation helps people collaborate and develop.
Thus, in the modern information-oriented world, people have to interact with each other. Business people and scientists may pursue their own goals, but their mutual interests can lead to numerous advances in technology, medicine, education, etc.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Negotiation helps people focus on their mutual interests and diminish differences to start successful cooperation. Thus, negotiation is the process that leads to continuous development of the society.
Finally, negotiation is very important at the individual level. People have to negotiate about all spheres of their life. Living in the society is associated with ability to compromise. People cannot live in isolation and this is why they need to communicate with others and try to collaborate with other members of the community. Negotiation helps individuals become successful members of the society.
On balance, it is necessary to note that negotiation is the process involving people with shared interests and certain differences to be resolved. Negotiation is an indispensible part of people’s life and it is manifested at different levels. It is possible to name at least three major reasons why negotiation is important.
First, negotiation helps nations collaborate. Besides, negotiation has contributed to the development of humanity. Finally, negotiation is important at the individual level as people who have appropriate negotiation skills can become effective members of the society. These three manifestations of negotiation prove that this process plays an important role in the development of humanity and development of every individual.
Reference List Benoliel, M 2011, Negotiation excellence: successful deal making, World Scientific, London.
Goldwasser, I 2006, Interactive communication: a guide to effective communication, Pearson Education Australia, Frenchs Forest, NSW.
“Deathtrap” by Ira Levin: What Lurks in the Background Essay essay help: essay help
When comedy is mixed with a detective story and the elements of a thriller are added to the recipe, taking the eyes off the highlight of the show and looking closer into the settings is practically impossible. However, it cannot be argued that these settings add considerably to the characters and their development, the storyline and the atmosphere altogether.
A very graphic example of such interaction between the settings of the play and the rest of its elements is Ira Levin’s masterpiece commonly known as Deathtrap, or Deathtrap: A Thriller in Two Acts. Despite the fact that the setting and the costumes never change throughout the entire play, this persistence in setting and costumes affect greatly the scenes, the themes and the characters.
When talking about the recurring themes in Deathtrap, one must mention the one motif that the entire play is devoted to, i.e., a play within a play. Indeed, the key twist of the detective story revolves around a play written by one of the lead character’s students, Clifford. The setting, therefore, serves as a perfect backdrop for the intrigue to be developed.
Since the characters never leave Sidney’s den, the focus remains on the fact that the play written by Clifford, which keeps the reader within the play-within-a-play virtual reality.
Moreover, such details as the copies of Xeroxes mentioned in the phone talk, the fact that the very first scene opens with Sidney in his den, pretending to be reading a play (Levin 3), etc., keep the reader’s attention nailed to the fact that (s)he is reading a play about a play.
However, it is not only the plot that nails the reader’s eye on the details of the play. Characters are also a lot of fun; very enjoyable to watch, especially when they interact, the people in the play definitely leave an impression. The psychic lady, whose “sixth sense” leads her to Sidney’s house, is, of course, a parody on the popular “psychic” cliché; as weird as she is, she makes a wonderful contrast to the rest of the characters.
The twist with Sydney, Myra and Clifford comes as completely unexpected; however, as soon as the shock values drop down a few notches, the reader feels that Sydney and Clifford being lovers makes the story darker and, for that matter, more entertaining.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The last, but definitely not the least, the scene with the arrow from a crossbow, which parodies every single cliché in a book – in a detective book, that is – is outright hilarious. Sydney and Clifford stabbing each other in turn must be the most confusing scene, yet it mocks so many stories in which the seemingly defeated villain rises to deliver the final blow that it automatically becomes comedic gold.
Therefore, Deathtrap offers a fantastic example of how a good comedy can be turned into a brilliant comedy with the help of an efficient use of a single setting and costuming. Still, it must be admitted that most of the humor and drama in Deathtrap comes not from the original settings, but from the characters with distinct personalities being put into these settings and wearing these costumes.
Therefore, it is impossible to consider the setting apart from the characters and the storyline. Even though there is only one setting, it still offers a unique environment, which works not only for the comic relief, but also for the plot, the themes and character development. Working each character off in an individual manner, the setting of Sydney’s den is a perfect spot for a perfect comedy.
Works Cited Levin, Ira. Deathtrap: A Thriller in Two Acts. New York, NY: Dramatic Play Service. 1978. Print.
Family Owned Business in the United Arab Emirates Report essay help
Introduction Companies owned by families are believed to be the current forms of business activities. Family companies dominate the economic background of various key global economies especially in developed economies.
For instance, across the globe, two thirds of the currently existing commercial businesses appear to be managed and owned by families. The success of these businesses is dependent on how succession is managed by the stakeholders including the potential successor, the incumbent leader and the business owners.
This study explores succession of family businesses particularly in the United Arab Emirates’ context. It considers the factors that prevent successful intra-family company successions and whether such corporations are successful of not.
The paper explores a variety of causations starting from the precursor factors to the immediate general causes hindering succession by a family member. By examining a wide range of literature, the study explores the issue facilitated by focusing on the United Arab Emirates family owned businesses.
Research indicates that there is an emerging consensus regarding elements that are anticipated to play a central role in successful family owned business successions. The processes and participants involved play essential roles in ensuring the success of successions in view of uncertainties that typically derail the process.
This view is in respect to the fact that succession is not an event, but a complex procedure that occurs over a long period. It requires the ability to be dynamic and adapt to the changing circumstances particularly in the increasingly competitive business world.
Problems of the research Despite the prevalence of family owned firms across the world, their lifespan appears to be comparatively short. Often, barely a third of the few family owned corporations manage to survive the shift to the third generation while just very few such companies survive the change to the second age group.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Given the significance of family owned corporations in the economic development and growth, researchers have realized the importance of conducting studies in this field. However, the management field researches have hardly given keen interest in the family owned corporations’ practical as well as distinctive theoretical problems.
On the other hand, the growth of interests in the family owned corporations have improved exponentially. The result is the emergence of a distinctive and legitimate business research field.
However, most family owned companies are intended to pass the business of a given family to the subsequent generations in order to reinforce the bonds existing in family relationship. Given the order of succession from the founder to other generational family leaders, running family owned corporations have proved to be a complex process.
Globally and particularly in the UAE, top managers of any business are considered the essential determinants of a company’s strategies and the ultimate performance of the company. In this view, the selection of the successor of an establishment is critical for the future of the company and its effectiveness (Rajagopalan and Zhang 335).
Contemporarily, family owned businesses are essentially the bedrock of many economies and businesses. However, the pervasiveness usually goes unnoticed relative to other forms of businesses. It is hence imperative for research to be conducted regarding this important topic (Wallace 3).
Objective and importance of the research There are unique challenges facing family-owned businesses. One of the main problems confronting family business is the capacity to make sure that there is competent leadership across generations.
The research to unravel the challenges to succession in family business is important as it helps owners, top executives and consultants to put effective measures in place to ensure that businesses do not stall due to the transfer of leadership across generations. Inherently, it has been discovered that slightly more than one-third of family businesses make it to the secondary generation.
We will write a custom Report on Family Owned Business in the United Arab Emirates specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More More disturbing is the fact that less than 20 percent of the businesses survive to the third generation (Breton-Miller, et al. 305). This study investigates what it takes in order for family businesses to succeed upon succession across generations. In most cases, poor succession is the main source of failure of businesses to survive to the third generation.
Literature review The ownership of family businesses with respect to control or management of firms as well as the relationship with other the preferred stakeholders has recently received substantial consideration in the governance literature. Inherently, family businesses contribute to the economies worldwide. Family businesses in developed countries contribute significantly to economic development.
Most of the businesses in these economies are family owned, managed and directed (Anderson 1303). They have become the spine of many newly developed economies. These businesses remain a vigorous element in the old industrializations. Experts state that family businesses encompass a majority of businesses in the private sector in the Gulf region.
These businesses account for more than 95 percent of the profitable activities in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. In other global regions, family businesses account for between 65 and 80percent. The interest to study family businesses stems from the fact that it is challenging to approximate the size of family businesses’ revenues and assets.
Additionally, there lacks relevant published data making the estimation of family owned businesses in the Gulf region. Inherently, a universal definition of family business has not been arrived at given the existence of a wide range of definitions as there are studies exploring the subject.
The issue of succession of family businesses raises significant aspects that may lead to the success or failure of business establishments. De Massis et al. assert that few family owned businesses move into the next generational leadership due to the problems that may arise. For others, the intergenerational transitions collapse soon after the taking of control by the second generation (De Massis et al. 183).
Naturally, the management succession of family business is a central concern for leaders of family business. Even though consultants are often engaged in the succession issues, little systematic attention has been paid to the molding of the features that prevent effective transfer of management control from one family member to another.
Under such situations, the prevailing problems deny the chances of the family growth and development in both social and economic fronts. In addition, such wrangles also derail the efforts of the current leadership and demoralize the stakeholders’ inputs into the business (Barnes 111).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Family Owned Business in the United Arab Emirates by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Breton-Miller et al (2004), challenges in the effective succession are complicated considering that there are significantly a small pool of competence and talent to draw from. There are usually complicated emotional aspects on the part of the incumbent-successor relationship. Besides, the complexity in the family ties also influences succession.
In fact, the succession procedures are typically interpreted to entail the activities, incidents and corporate mechanisms through which leadership and ownership of the family business is transferred. Breton-Miller et al state that successful succession entails the ensuing positive performance of the business and the eventual feasibility of the establishment.
Additionally, it entails the gratification of the stakeholders with the entire succession process. Typically, the drivers of the outcomes of succession differ. Political appointments to the positions of family business leadership may gratify business stakeholders while hurting the bottom-line. On the other hand, appointing a technically proficient but independent leader may lead to anger among controlling business owners.
The attributes of an incumbent in Dubai family business context plays an essential role in the success of the succession. The attributes are characterized by readiness and job motivation of the sitting leader to handle over the leadership mantle, the value of the rapport with the successor, needs and personality of the incumbent. Another aspect important for successful succession is the successor’s attributes.
The pointers to the attributes include the relationship with the sitting leader, drive, concern and the commitment of the successor to move the business to a higher level of performance. The ability of the successor in terms of management is also important. The incumbent often plays a significant role in fostering and development of the successor.
Critical variables for the success of family business succession include career development, placement outside the family business, formal education and training of the successor. Competent family members appointed for succession makes a variety of considerations before accepting such appointments.
Failure of such individuals to pay appropriate attention to the activities and progress of the business often leads to the failure of the business to survive through generations. Proper attention, commitment, training and apprenticeship leads to success of the succession.
According to an article by Corbetta et al, family ties, personal objectives of the incumbent, the prospective successor and conflicts at the management level play a role in the success of succession of family business leadership. The distinctive overlap between the top management and ownership positions at the top of families consider successions as a disturbing moment.
This presents risks to aspects such as long investment plans and publicity of the firm. When professional managers hired from outside the family circles succeed family businesses, the successions are associated with improved operational returns.
Top executives appointed from outside families inherently have advanced competence given that the appointments are not based on heir-ship, but professionalism. In this respect, the top appointees are able to introduce attractive bulge in terms of business opportunities subsequent to the transition (Bennedsen et al. 647).
Non-family top executives are essential for the growth of a business. The presence of such managers in the family business context may accelerate the development of the business through the provision of the needed competencies and introduction of new ideas.
It is imperative to mention that such managers in collaboration with competent and committed business owners are the contributing factors to the success of the business after succession. Family successors require the advice and support of non-family managers to ensure the success of the business.
According to De Massis et al (2009), the aspects that contribute to the succession processes are not essentially the aspects that thwart succession from taking place and becoming successful. The nature of business, the objectives of the incumbent and the successor as well as the existence of a strategic plan for the business contribute to the absence of essential conditions for effective succession to take place.
The authors point out that succession problems arise due to aspects that are operational at the individual level either successor-related or incumbent-related. The successor-related factors include low ability, lack of motivation, personal sense of attachment, unexpected loss of the successor and conflicts among family members.
Research methodology Substantial effort has been extended to this study as it seeks to explore family businesses in the Gulf region, particularly in the United Arab Emirates with regard to succession. The research on the United Arab Emirates family businesses has been challenging but essential facts have been established by this survey.
One of the core issues that deserve scrutiny in the United Arab Emirates context of family business is factors that prevent intra-family succession.
To facilitate the identification of such issues that significantly avert intra-family leadership progression from occurring, the study has reviewed journal articles in family owned business particularly in the perspective of UAE. Additionally, questionnaires were distributed to the stakeholders in family-owned business.
Two sets of questionnaires were used. One questionnaire was intended for family firms where succession had not taken place. It entailed questions associated with the businesses, performance and the environment. The respondents were requested to answer questions related to corporate governance of the companies such as the existence or lack of a formal strategic plan.
The respondents were also required to offer their views regarding succession planning such as the current generation running the business and whether there are designated successors or not. The family relations such as official family meetings and attitudes were also to be addressed in the questionnaire.
The attitudes included whether the stakeholders would accept a female chief executive officer as leader of the company. The second set of questionnaire was intended for family-owned business where succession had already taken place. The same sets of questions were asked.
The questionnaires were distributed to the redundant and successful business. Redundant businesses were important in the research as the information generated helped in establishing the effects of succession on the performance of the businesses. The researchers used the information gathered to establish important facts about success or failure of succession through qualitative analysis of the information.
A variety of factors was established as having significant impact on the success of family business succession. Businesses where succession had not taken place were observed to be significantly impacted by the external environment of the business industry. Potential successors were observed to be influenced by the industry in which the family owned businesses operated.
Inherently, potential successors with formal education and external placement were inclined to refusal of taking leadership positions in the family businesses. This was as a result of the successors considering working in other businesses as presenting additional opportunities for career development and better paying jobs.
The move is also influenced by the qualities of the interactions within the family including cooperation, accommodation, management approaches, cordial relationships and sibling interactions. When the interactions are harmonious, there is greater prevalence of confidence, mutual understanding and knowledge among stakeholders according to Breton-Miller et al.
Sample and population In this particular study, all the family owned businesses were deemed viable. However, only a small number of participants including successors, the managers, and employees, and stakeholders were selected depending on the frequency with which they had been involved in the departmental management as well as other personal attributes including gender, age, experience and positions held.
From the five family owned corporations sampled, just 50 managers from these organizations were selected via a technique dubbed as convenience simple random sampling strategy. The well-designed research questionnaires were administered to these respondents to help in addressing the formulated research questions.
Data collection methodology In exploring family owned businesses in UAE, it is imperative to explore factors that lead to success and failure of successions. The information exists in family business literature. However, to generate data in the United Arab Emirates context, it was essential for the researcher to develop questionnaires to be filled by non-family business managers, incumbent managers, business owners, employees and potential successors.
Although family members in top positions manage a majority of the United Arab Emirates family owned-businesses, some companies are managed by non-family managers hired to streamline and ensure the success of the business. However, the incumbent and prospective successor exercises immense influence on the hired managers.
These managers were a resourceful source of information regarding succession in United Arab Emirates family businesses. The selected managers were instrumental in aiding the researcher to gather information regarding the nature of businesses, the industry of operation, the attitudes of the owners and potential successors as well as strategic plan for operation and succession.
The incumbent business owners assisted the researcher in establishing the basic factors regarding family business ownership in the United Arab Emirates context. The potential successors and business owners who filled and returned the questionnaires within the requested timeframe played similar roles. Additionally, it was necessary to review family-business succession literature in United Arab Emirates.
This did not prove challenging as substantial amount of literature is available in books, published article and the internet. The published articles were particularly important, as the authors had carried comprehensive research regarding specific issues of concern in family business’ successions, successes and failures with important aspects about the history of family businesses in different parts of the world.
Data Analysis The data collected through questionnaires was analyzed according to relevance and the responses given. That is, content analysis technique was used in the analysis of data. By using the responses, the study identified the family control over businesses as a fraction of the equity owned by families that allow significant control of the businesses by professional managers.
This was particularly the case for businesses where succession had successfully taken place. On the part of businesses where succession had not taken place, the data was used to establish factors that contributed to the prevailing condition.
In these companies, the attitude of stakeholders seemingly plays a central role during successions. Where necessary, graphs were used to establish whether family owned businesses are successful or not.
Discussion According to the findings, various family owned companies in UAE indicated success in the management of the businesses. The successes of these firms clearly indicate that family owned business should not wholly be done away with but strengthened and opened up for non-family members also to be major stakeholders (Lang 83).
For instance, the information taken from firms such as The Al Habtoor Group clearly indicates the factors that show the success of such businesses.
The Al Habtoor Group
The Al Habtoor group is a family owned firm founded in 1970 with its headquarters in Dubai. The business continuously realizes massive growth within the United Arab Emirates and is famous for construction services. In addition, the company is internationally identified through its participation in hotel, automotive and education sectors. Further, the firm is involved in real estate, insurance as well as publishing services.
The family members have possession of ninety percent proportion of the firm’s ownership. More importantly, the firm has laid down a trust scheme aimed at smoothen the succession at the company. In essence, the scheme would enhance the company’s continuation beyond the current chairperson’s lifetime. The firm carries out its operations within the UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Egypt and Jordan.
Over the years, the group has assembled a firm and devoted client base ranging from the open to private sectors. The group has diversified its operations on five major subdivisions comprising infrastructure, building, rail, oil and gas together with mining.
Moreover, the firm’s commitment to develop and grow business in diverse segments has ensured its growth all over the globe. Worth noting, the group’s executives are exploring the prospects of venturing the business operations in the Asia-Pacific expanse and specifically in Indonesia, which is currently the most steady and fastest budding market in Asia (Lang 83).
The recent global financial crisis put the firm in a dangerous economic switch. In fact, just like the other international firms, the group faced huge challenges in restructuring the debts that accrued during the financial crisis. Through the group’s hard work, honesty and strong team attitude characteristics of every echelon of the management, the firm realizes escalating growth and success as well as the achievements of its target goals.
Further, the group’s increased investment in the training and development of its employees has enhanced and reinforced the company’s management as well as the overall quality of services since the personnel have the necessary technological advancements needed in the modern operations of the firm.
The Emiratization program also enables the company to ensure the government’s initiative of employing the most proficient personnel with the necessary expertise. Further, the group’s introduction of the automated continuous monitoring solutions is vital in monitoring the financial control and data of the company effectively.
The management of Al Habtoor undertakes a pro-active approach in the management of the firm. The group is also investing $1.6 billion on its projects. Further, the group’s ventures depend on the cash flow strengths. Profits are also expected to rise by sixteen percent in the year two thousand and eleven.
Moreover, the groups Habtoor engineering together with the Leighton Holdings Limited of Australia operate a joint venture of which the former has a twenty-eight percent stake. Of more importance, the firm is valued at $6 billion.
Al Ghurair group
Similar findings are also observed in the other family owned business Al Ghurair group. The business was established by the owner and founder 40 year ago and operates in the whole of UAE particularly in Dubai. The group specializes in retail businesses, investments, manufacturing and real estate development. The group businesses are diversified with the manufacturing sector specializing in metals and packaging materials.
The Al Ghurair group is owned and managed by the Al Ghurair family. The group operates the eight core business units categorized as manufacturing, real estate development, retail and investments. Among the core business units includes Gulf extrusion, the only firm that specializes in the extraction of aluminums in the gulf region as well as the packaging and corrugated board.
The diversified business strategy has enabled the firm to remain competitive within the UAE and ensured that the group satisfied a wide range of customers. Though the group is still owned by the owner and the founder, most of the management positions and senior employees originate from the Al Ghurair family.
The family owns ninety percent of the stake in the firm with the rest left to the close members. The conglomerate serves the whole of UAE as well as the international market.
The environment in which the firm operates is highly competitive particularly from similar family owned businesses. Diversification was adopted by the family business particularly to reach a wide range of customers within various sectors. In addition, the business faces various economic and technological challenges.
Besides repaying the huge debts incurred during the financial crisis, the company faces various market challenges particularly due to the fiscal imbalances in Europe as well as the nations within the gulf region. The economic crisis and the market uncertainties have resulted in the slow growth of the family group particular in the financial year 2009 to 2011.
However, the fast recovery of the economic growth of as well as the government’s increased spending in the infrastructure has enabled the family business to experience sustainable profits over the turbulent periods.
In addition, the UAE government’s support of the privately owned businesses has enabled the firm to operate without any political huddles. The UAE government’s policy that the members of the family must have at least 51% stake in the family owned businesses has also provided the company with good political climate to operate.
As indicated, the family owns ninety percent of the stakes of the group with ten percent left to non-family members particularly the royal family as well as other members from countries in which the group’s businesses operate.
Financially, the firm’s total investments are valued approximately at 12.3% while the shareholders equity is valued at 14.6%. The group is among the major employers in UAE. The company employees are approximated to be around 21 thousand working within UAE.
Besides, the family group has good corporate administrative structure based on the good industry practices as well as the UAE regulations. The industry best practices and the good corporate administrative structure has enabled the firm succeeded in the sound controls of its finances as well as ensure transparency and accountability in its operations.
In addition, the management of the company consists of board of directors who are majorly non-executive and are family members. The only executive and non-family director is the company chief executive officer who is a foreigner. However, the two directors are also non-family members and have no relations with the company shareholders.
In essence, the board of directors consists of the chairperson who is the owner of the business and the close family members, the two non-family members and the chief executive. The directors have three-year term and are selected by the company stakeholders.
Abdulla Al Masaood
Product Design and Modernism Essay college essay help: college essay help
The principles of modernism affected many areas of human activities, including product design. It is necessary to focus on the following important distinctions of this style, namely:
the absence of ornamental elements and minimalism;
pure geometrical forms;
the use of new materials;
the suitability of the modernist designs for mass production (Greenhalph 1990).
At the beginning of the twentieth century, these features were very innovative and only few designers were willing to adopt this approach. This is why they can be called modern, at least if one speaks about the design which existed at that time.
Yet, nowadays there techniques are viewed as something conventional and very widespread. This is one of the main issues that should not be overlooked.
Overall, it is possible to argue that the principles of modernism are of great relevance to contemporary designers who attach importance to such criteria as utility, aestheticism, and cost-effectiveness.
These are the main questions that should be examined in this essay. They are vital for describing the principles of modernism.
In order to discuss the innovative aspects of modernist product design, one should first mention that the aesthetics of this movement which mostly rejected those elements which did not serve any practical purposes.
This approach is described as minimalism or functionalism which means that every element of design should perform a certain function (Bertens 1997, p. 92).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In contrast, purely decorative components are considered to be redundant by the supporters of the modernist movement (Bertens 1997, p. 92). These principles were particularly applicable to architecture and interior design.
Yet, this idea also appealed to many manufacturers of that period because they wanted to make the products available to a great number of clients (Bertens 1997, p. 92). This background information can throw light on the influence of modernism on product design.
This is one of the main aspects that should be taken into account. Overall, the absence of ornamental elements can be best illustrated by looking at the piece of furniture that was created during this period.
For example, the following photograph exemplifies the principles of minimalism and functionalism:
Figure 1: The armchair designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (Raizman, 2003, p. 189)
On the whole, this armchair highlights the way in the idea of functionality influenced the work of designers who tried to combine utility with aestheticism. In their view, these elements could be reconciled with one another. There are virtually no decorative components.
This is one of the main distinctions that explain the principles of modernism and its influence on design.
We will write a custom Essay on Product Design and Modernism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One should mention that this approach to design differed dramatically from the techniques that were used during the earlier periods.
For example, the furniture, made by the supporters of the Art Nouveau Movement, could contain tracery, carvings or the use of acrylic painting. In most cases, these components did not play any functional goal and their utility was usually minimal.
In contrast, modernist designers did not want to include these components because in their opinion, decorations were superfluous. This is one of the main points that should be considered. The design of furniture was not the only area that was transformed by modernism.
There are many other fields of product design that were changed by this aesthetic movement. For example, one can speak about the design of dinnerware created in the early fifties
Figure 2: Dinnerware designed by Trude Petri (Raizman, 2003, p. 189)
Again, it is important to remember dinnerware created in the pre-modernist period usually created a great number of decorative elements. Furthermore, one should focus on the use of pure geometric forms such triangles, spheres, or squares.
On the whole, this technique enabled the designers to emphasize the minimalism or austerity of their products. Moreover, in this way, the designers could illustrate the novelty of their work and its difference from previous artistic styles and movements.
As it has been said before, many critics and buyers could not readily accept this style because these forms were deemed to be very unconventional (Bertens 1997). This is main peculiarity that should not be disregarded when examining the forms that are associated with modernism.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Product Design and Modernism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is possible to look at the photograph taken in 1930. To a great extent, this picture was aimed at popularizing the new approach to the product design.
Figure 2: A Model for the New Living Style (Greenhalph 1990, p. 98)
This picture indicates that that modern designers preferred clear surfaces and pure geometric forms that have no irregularities.
One should take into account that in the first half of the twentieth century, this technique was perceived as something very innovative because the majority of architects and designers avoided the use of pure geometric forms.
In their opinion, this technique was too simplistic or even crude (Greenhalph 1990). Moreover, this form was not readily accepted by buyers who were accustomed to the presence of decorative elements.
However, the development of modernist design popularized the new methods of production and aesthetic styles.
Therefore, it is possible to say that the principles of modernism are no longer regarded as something very innovative. This is one of the main peculiarities which should be taken into account by people who study the role of modernism.
Additionally, it is important to pay close attention to the use of materials that became very popular during the age of modernist design. Among the most popular materials that were applied in the pre-modernist era, one can distinguish wood, glass, and metal (Raizman 2003).
However, the situation began to change at the beginning of the twentieth century when scientific changes widened the opportunities that were available to designers.
One should focus on such materials as polyester, stainless steel, polypropylene, heat-resistant glass, aluminum, and even silicon (Raizman 2003; Ross 2008, p. 132). They could be employed for the production of furniture, home appliances, vehicles, and many other products.
One can also say that they greatly contributed to the rise of mass production (Cresswell
Women and reproductive health Analytical Essay college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Issues affecting woman reproductive health
Violence against women
Caesarean Section (CS)
Stereotype as a major health reproductive issue
Introduction Various health issues tend to affect women across the globe. In the last few decades, these issues have gradually proved to be very important given that they not only affect women, but also affect men and the entire society.
However, even with concerted efforts, insecure abortion and childbirth still lead to the death of women. Most women seek the intervention of birth control to manage their sexual and reproductive lives. On the other hand, millions of people live unhappily due to infertility.
Other issues such as infection of the women reproductive tracts affect many women globally. The universal agreement is that women reproductive health is impacted by the correlation between different compounded factors (Hull et al., 1996).
Consequently, children and men experience the impact of these issues either directly or indirectly.
Issues affecting woman reproductive health Every human being is entitled to his or her opinions, convictions, emotions, apprehension, and worries concerning sexuality and reproduction.
Despite having rights, beliefs relating to reproductive health are often influenced by personal experiences, relations, religion, peers, and media (Liamputtong, 2000).
The influences are in fact socially constructed. By extension, these perceptions affect the health of women in different ways. The perception of the society concerning the reproductive health of women often influences the subject of social policy in many societies.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reproductive health incorporates the conditions in which the reproduction cycles are realized in the whole body, psychological and communal well-being. It is not the sheer lack of disorder or illnesses of the reproductive cycles.
For most women, the ability to be in good reproductive health means having the capacity to reproduce children successfully (Liamputtong, 2007). It also entails giving birth to healthy infants, survival of the child, and retaining the mother’s good health.
However, this begins with safety throughout the pregnancy and child delivery. It also includes the freedom to regulate fertility devoid of health hazards. The right to perform and take pleasure in harmless sexual relationship is also a critical element of reproductive health.
In order to experience good reproductive health, women deserve the right to healthy sexual development. They should be able to decide the number of offspring they want to have and the spacing between them.
They should be free from illnesses and be able to receive healthcare when needed. In addition, women should be free from cruelty and injurious practices including domestic violence and stereotyping (Cusack
“The House on Mango Street” by Sandra Cisneros Synthesis Essay best essay help
The interconnection between individuals, society and local communities is a network that defines life and choices people make.
Every situation is individual and people and their actions are framed by the conditions and circumstances of their personal lives, as well as those of people in the close circle.
“The House on Mango Street” by Sandra Cisneros describes the life of a child who goes through hardships of being poor, having personal dilemmas and understanding the surrounding world. It focuses on the great influence of community on an individual and vice verse.
From the very beginning, the reader is familiarized with the previous life and hardships of a character whose name is Esperanza. At twelve year old, girl talks about the constant moving that goes back far in the past, so that she does not even remember all the places of residence.
The start familiarizes the audience that both family and the little girl have grave financial problems, as well as problems with the community they reside in (Cisneros 4).
The close relationship between individual people and families is established within the community and it becomes one of the reasons people feel unable to continue living in the area.
In case of the family Esperanza describes, the financial resources do not allow them to move into a nice neighborhood or a house and thus, they are forced to find living quarters in communities that have detrimental life conditions and people are not very kind to each other.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As parents want best for their children, the reason for Esperanza’s family to move out in a search of a better place becomes obvious.
Another theme mentioned in the book is the relationship between people’s background, race and how the outside majority community views others. Hispanic population has often felt pressure and unequal treatment form the American population.
The United States communities felt that people with Hispanic background influenced the economy and the state of affairs of workforce and general market demands.
Esperanza describes whole communities of people that affect the way minorities feel about themselves and such conditions have a negative result on individual securities and happiness of people.
It is especially noticeable, having in mind the insecurities that a little girl already has because of her family’s financial condition. Racial alienation and segregation from the rest of community has a lot of pressure on Esperanza.
While grouping up, a young mind is very sensitive when the whole nation of people presses on the psyche of minorities and makes individuals feel unwanted.
An interesting connection takes place between the way Esperanza feels about herself and the surrounding women. She observes how women are treated and experiences the community by herself. She starts noticing boys and begins to feel a want to have their attention.
We will write a custom Essay on “The House on Mango Street” by Sandra Cisneros specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Esperanza is surrounded by girls who have had relations and this becomes a whole new world for her. This is the time when she looks deep inside herself to find out that she has matured.
It has been known that girls become developed earlier than boy and this is another issue that Esperanza has to understand and deal with.
Everything changes when she gets abused and she learns that reality can be extremely harsh sometimes. This has a direct connection to the way women are treated in her community.
One of the biggest examples is Rafaela and the way she gets treated by her husband. As she is not allowed to go out because she is beautiful, she is forced to be confined in her house (Cisneros 82).
This is representative of the society and how men have been dominating women for such a long time.
Esperanza understands her pain, just as other women’s. When she talks about Mamacita and her want to go back home, it is heartbreaking to the reader that she was unable to adapt to new conditions.
She becomes homesick and despises the new world and the English language. The fact that her child learns to speak American has a great effect on her self esteem and she becomes even more saddened (Cisneros 78).
Esperanza can feel the pain of all women in her community and she learns a lot by observing the social make-up and how women are treated.
Not sure if you can write a paper on “The House on Mango Street” by Sandra Cisneros by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The author draws a unique line between individuality, community and person’s independence. One of the signs is the way Esperanza talks about trees on Mango Street and how she admires them. This points to a theme of people feeling trapped and lonely, so far as to identify with trees.
The community that surrounds individuals becomes a heavy burden and a vicious cycle that does not allow anyone to escape. When Esperanza’s family moves to a house, she is still very much unpleased with the ways things are turning out.
Her dreams were filled with a beautiful house that has a garden, green grass and all the pretty images form themselves into the only goal Esperanza can think off. Her focus is to escape the life of poverty and buy the house of her dreams.
The home that the girl sees in her mind is an escape from the harsh reality of the world she lives in. It is representative of a sense of belonging and a corner where she can escape to.
All the major themes of the book unite into one that describes the external pressures on a young mind. Esperanza is an example of a person who notices everything around her but is unable to change things.
She becomes trapped by the community, the views of the society and personal understanding. As she spent her whole young life in moving and searching for a better place to live, she cannot compare any other way of life to her own.
All she has left is to imagine a beautiful house that is her only path out of the world she does not want to be a part of. Racial separation, poverty, social role of women and her personal determination to change the circumstances become a force that keeps reminding of itself.
Esperanza is unable to get used to such cruelties that people suscept each other to and she wants to get far away.
The book very precisely illustrates the lives of people who suffer all around. The majority of the population does not notice that a lot of families have to struggle to make ends meet and feed their children.
The governments are mostly helpless in changing the social order that has been established for a long time. In the modern world, conditions have become better for those less fortunate but nonetheless, it is far from perfect, so books like this are very valuable and needed.
Works Cited Cisneros, Sandra. The House on Mango Street. London, Great Britain: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2004. Print.
Building Material – Timber Report college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Timber in floor construction
Introduction Timber, as a construction material, is relatively eco-friendly. One analyses the environmental feasibility of a material on the basis of the effect it has on the environment during manufacture, construction of the facility and energy use after constructing the house.
This refers to the green house gases released by the product as well as the total amount of energy required during the lifecycle of the material. Some materials may consume plenty of energy during construction but may lead to energy savings during occupation of the facility.
Timber in floor construction Timber manufacture results in minimal by-products and even the relatively small amounts that do come about can be recycled. For instance, they can make mulch or generate heat in kilns (Hanson 2000). Members of the population are concerned about native plantations as well as forests.
Not only do these areas act as habitats for biological species like plants and wildlife, they are also important sources of recreation and stabilize soil properties in those settings. Forests serve a host of other functions in the country’s ecology.
Therefore, when architects choose the material, they may disturb these natural settings and the organisms that rely on them. Nonetheless, proper planning for their use can mitigate the problem. Plantation forests are an environmentally sustainable method of sourcing for timber.
These areas are well managed as pre-planned building sites that have been created specifically for manmade uses. Manufacturers would need to liaise with timber associations in charge of these areas to source the materials (National Timber and Development Council Australia 2001).
Energy requirements for preparing timber for construction are relatively lower than the ones used by other construction materials. The only process that consumes a lot of energy is drying. This stage accounts for three-quarter of the energy consumption.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In a mill, workers often rely on wood cuttings from the same timber to provide heat energy. Only minimal gas and electricity is needed for this material. Usually, the latter sources account for 15% of the energy used.
It is possible to rely on kilns that consume solar energy as described by the Department of Conservation and Land Management. Timber in the form of clad can consume 31,020 MJ for construction and will need 24,750 MJ for a forty-year maintenance period.
Brick veneer timber requires 92,565 MJ for construction and 0 MJ for maintenance. Double-brick needs 141,900 MJ for construction and O MJ for maintenance. Aerated concrete consumes 76,560 MJ for construction and 24, 750 MJ of energy for maintenance.
Finally, steel takes up 75,900 MJ in production and 24,750 for a forty-year maintenance period (University of Tasmania 2013).
In comparison to the other materials, veneer timber is the most favourable because it has low energy needs. Steel may require much less energy than timber but it is not practical for floors.
In the manufacture of building products, timber has promising results with regard to green house gas emission. Steel releases about 5,320 kg/m3 of carbon into the atmosphere and retains no carbon. Aluminium has one of the most unfavourable figures for carbon emission.
About 22,000 kg/m3 of the element will enter the atmosphere during manufacture of the product/ concrete releases a relatively small amount – 120 kg/m3 will enter the atmosphere during the creation of this material but no carbon will be retained.
We will write a custom Report on Building Material – Timber specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conversely, sawn timber only releases a modest 15kg/m3 of carbon. It is the only material among typical construction materials that stores carbon.
Construction allows timber to retain 250 kg/m3 of the element (Hardy 2008). The product requires minimal intervention during construction thus explaining why it produces very impressive results.
Timber causes negligible site disturbance as professionals can manipulate the material to accommodate environmental goals.
First, the material allows for planning flexibility. For instance, one can think about the number of trees that one intends on using and then work around it. Most timber floors are raised from the ground.
This means that one can follow the topography of a site without having to dig, fill in, or change drainages for the material.
In comparison, concrete floors would require disruption of the natural landscape of an area. If several buildings are constructed with such materials, then their topography will be altered (Tam
Business Events Management Essay college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Importance of Planning
Stages of Planning and the required Resources
Leadership Skills and Actions to Administer an Event
How to Organise and Develop a Team
Importance of Team Coordination and Communication
Communication Systems for Managing and Monitoring an Event
Introduction The science of event management has become a necessity in today’s business world. Since events are occasional, proper planning is important to ensure that an event is successful. Although some of the plans are overridden by occurrences during the actual event, planned events are better in relation to the impromptu ones. Events management involves various stages of planning.
Moreover, various resources are necessary for different events. In addition, events require a certain degree of leadership skills that are necessary for the implementation of the event. Human beings require a certain level of control. Therefore, events managers have a duty to co-ordinate, organise, and develop working teams. Proper, clear, and concise communication is imperative in events management.
Constant communication between events managers and clients before, during, and after the event is important. Events managers are therefore charged with the responsibility of installing proper communication systems throughout the process. This paper discusses business events management in the modern business environment.
Importance of Planning Planning is an important skill in evens management. Planning is carried out in various stages during events management. The importance of planning is to ensure that the management is not caught up by eventualities during the actual event. According to Brenner (2009, p.26), with a good plan, the management team is able to respond quickly to various occurrences.
A well-developed and authenticated plan will enable the event management team to ensure better satisfaction of customers’ needs. Various resources that are necessary for a particular even are also delivered in time. The delays that are witnessed in most of the events are therefore eliminated through proper planning. The team is not caught unaware by various demands from customers.
A good plan enables managers to foresee the whole idea in a particular event. It is from such a plan that the management team carries out a systematic implementation of the program. De Snoo, van Wezel, Wortmann, and Gaalman (2011, p. 2101) confirm that plans act as a reference during the actual event. For instance, managers can use it as a checklist for various requirements.
Planning will also save time and money that events take. Time is an important factor in events management. A good plan enables planners to allocate a specific amount of time to particular portions of events. This ensures that there is no procrastination and/or mix up of events. A good plan gives every portion of the event ample and adequate time. Such a program enables completion of all components of the event with little or no rush.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Stages of Planning and the required Resources Planning of events involves various stages. The first stage of events planning is the pre-planning meeting. This meeting enables events managers to introduce all stakeholders to be involved in the process. The pre-planning stage also enables the team to set rules and/or share roles and responsibilities. The team also gets an opportunity to know the members and to have them committed to the process.
De Snoo, van Wezel, Wortmann, and Gaalman (2011, p. 2101) reveal how event managers also get an opportunity to match every members’ skills with an interest. The second step is the setting of objectives. Events management team meets to set the objectives of the whole program. Objectives should be explicit, quantifiable, satisfying, practical, and time specific.
The other step is setting up the project, which involves the allocation of timelines and responsibilities. At this stage, the scope of the program is outlined and broken down. Job subdivision and elaboration to the individual employees takes place at this stage. The next step in event management is risk management. Makda and Bayat (2012, p.62) argue that the team have to assess the expected risks in the whole process.
Risk mitigation measures are discussed and set up. The next step is the monitoring of the process. Monitoring of the progress of events is a continuous process. Soteriades and Dimou (2011, p.371) show how a continuous assessment ensures that the time limits that were set during the initial stages are met. It is through the assessment that the management is able to work well with the providers, for example suppliers.
It is also important to monitor the progress of events in order to make changes in case of failures. The next step involves organisation of the actual event. At this stage, stakeholders are counter checked in the actual implementation of activities. Every stakeholder is also monitored to ensure full implementation of the project. The other step is the implementation of the event. At this stage, the actual activity is implemented.
The event is run and the management supervises every step. According to Brenner (2009, p.26), it is important to respect the needs and instructions of the client. Finally, the event management process is evaluated through a systematic assessment. The manager assesses the implementers, with the feedback being used to improve the future process.
Leadership Skills and Actions to Administer an Event Events management requires certain leadership skills to implement. The event manager must be able to plan for the whole event. According to Soteriades and Dimou (2011, p.371), planning involves forecasting, estimation, and implementation of the budget. Organisational skills are also required for one to be able to control and/or move the stakeholders. In an events management process, teamwork is important.
We will write a custom Essay on Business Events Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The leader must be able to show leadership to employees. Supervisory skills are also important. Events managers should be able to supervise their staff members to ensure that they motivate them towards achieving their dreams.
How to Organise and Develop a Team Team building is important in events management. Leaders must ensure that they build working teams and that the teams are working together. Project leaders must guide their teams towards working together for the success of the event. Teams are built through various steps. The project manager begins by establishing common objectives.
During the establishment of common objectives, all people involved in the event come agree on what they want to achieve together with how they will do so. Team developers also train team members. During this training, members are furnished with certain important skills that are necessary for the specific events that they are to manage.
For example, if the event is cultural, team members are taught various cultural beliefs that they must observe in the event. In some communities, some members of the community are not permitted to consume some parts of animal meat. The team members must therefore be keen when organising the menu for the event. For example, they are taught to separate certain parts of animal meat for particular people.
In some instances, training of team members involves incorporation of clients or their representatives. In fact, if the organisation is planning for a local government event, it has to train its team members certain rules that must be observed during the event. The next step is the provision of the team with constant communication.
For a project developer to ensure that he or she comes up with a good team, he or she must ensure proper communication. Makda and Bayat (2012, p.62) observe that the developers have to plan and organise for clear, concise, accurate, and purposeful communication. At all times, the team members must be furnished with adequate information about the event.
The team is also trained to be enthusiastic. At this point, the team builder is also supposed to be very enthusiastic. Energy and vigour enable the team to work better. Team members develop a feeling that other team members are also working towards achieving a similar goal. All facets of the team must work together. For example, there should be equal participation by all members.
Team building also undertakes the execution of the initial plan as agreed. The team is charged with the authority to implement the event management plan. According to Richardson and Taylor (2012, p.475), every member of the execution team must clearly understand the execution plan.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Business Events Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Proper understanding of the whole picture is important at this stage. An individual team member should be able to correct his or her fellow employees in the process of executing the program. The team builder also recognises the achievements of individual team members. Recognition and reward are crucial in motivating team members to repeat a certain good behaviour.
In the same way, project managers should also punish any bad behaviour as a way of discouraging it. Punishment is also a way of rewarding employees. For example, if a team member is punished through salary deductions, he or she will ensure that the behaviour is not repeated. Team builders are also supposed to keep on evaluating the success and failures of the team concessionary.
Constant evaluation of the team ensures that the initial plan is implemented in every step. Evaluation will also enable the project developer to correct any errors that may happen during the process of implementation.
Importance of Team Coordination and Communication There is a need to have constant coordination of the team and its activities to ensure uniformity and coherence. During the coordination of team activities, communication becomes paramount. Proper coordination of the team ensures that there are minimal chances for confusion. Team members are also united in the performance of their duties when there is clear and constant communication.
It is important for the team developers and managers to provide avenues for communication. Soteriades and Dimou (2011, p.371) affirm that every team member should be given an opportunity to voice his or her opinions towards the achievement of the plan. Communication ensures that there are less or no conflicts between team members and/or between the teams and the management.
Certain levels of autonomy are also enhanced when there are high levels of communication flow. It is through communication that openness is promoted. Team members can share ideas and/or consult each other in case of errors or mistakes. Team members should also be able to communicate properly to clients during the implementation of the event program. Event involves people of a different nature or character. For example, some people are easily angered. Others are peaceful while others are troublemakers.
It is also possible that some visitors turn arrogant at service providers in some events such as cultural and individual events. In such cases, team members should be patient enough to communicate well and even to manage any crisis that may arise. According to Kose, Argan, and Argan (2011, p.2), chances of misunderstanding are also minimised through proper communication.
Communication enhances trust between team members and/or between the event managers and the client. Openness is a key driver of proper communication. When there is openness, anxiety is reduced even in case of a crisis. The client, team members, and even visitors are able to understand any eventuality when there is clear communication.
Communication Systems for Managing and Monitoring an Event Establishment of proper communication systems during the process of events management is important. According to Kose, Argan, and Argan (2011, p.2), every adopted communication system should be clear and easily understood by the target audience. In most cases, messages are misinterpreted, thus leading to confusion among team members.
Understanding of the target audience is important in ensuing clarity and proper interpretation of messages. Encoding of messages relies on the understanding of the audience. With a clear understanding of the recipient of the message, the encoder is able to package the information in a way that the recipient can easily decode the message. Communication is said to have taken place if the intention of the sender is correctly interpreted.
Events managers can easily communicate different information to different stakeholders using various modes of communication. For example, Richardson and Taylor (2012, p.471) observe that, when communicating to internal publics, event managers can use a verbal mode of communication. For example, the manager and supervisors can call for meetings and/or deliver the message orally.
These can be one on one meeting with individual team members or a meeting with the whole team. It is easy to communicate orally with internal publics. Internal memos are also a good means of communication. The events manager writes the memo and posts it on the notice boards. The memos can also be delivered to the individual employees. Memos are simple and clear.
Hence, team members can be able to understand the message directly without the need for interpretation. The firm can also make use of intranets and the internet. Intranets are wire communications that are installed to work within the organisation. Managers can therefore use this system to communicate with the internal publics. For example, a manager can call the supervisors directly on the intranets.
Intranets ensure less exaggerations since messages are conveyed directly to recipients. Messages are not mediated. Hence, it is easier to eliminate noise and interference. On the other hand, the project managers can communicate to the external publics through several ways. For example, they can use e-mails, videoconferencing, letters, television, and radio advertisements.
Various factors are considered when choosing the mode of communication. In fact, if the project manager wants to use a certain mode of communication, he or she must consider the frequency, the reach, and the speed. A good communication system will have people, communication devices, and the environment. All these facets are made to work together in the project management.
Conclusion Project managers require a high level of skills in administering and coordinating the process. Team building skills are important since team members have to work together for the success of the events. Managers have to ensure a clear and an easy-to-understand communication strategy to enhance the success events.
Events manager are also supposed to choose a communication system that is frequent, speedy, and with a wide reach. Internal communication systems such as intranets and the internet are important. The project managers can also use televisions, radios, and print media to reach the external publics.
References Brenner, K 2009, ‘Life-Event Segmenting Offers Optimisation of Benefit Effectiveness’, Journal of Financial Service Professionals, vol. 63 no. 3, pp. 26-29.
De Snoo, C, van Wezel, W, Wortmann, J
Comparison and Contrast of The Hollis v. Vabu Pty Ltd Compare and Contrast Essay online essay help: online essay help
The Hollis v. Vabu Pty Ltd1 highlighted the person who needs to be held liable in case an employee injures a third party while performing the duties of his employer. The trial judge upheld the decision that the bicycle courier was an employee of Vabu Limited and the company was responsible for his actions.
The bicycle courier had been negligent in his duties, a trait which was shared by other bicycle couriers who worked for the company. The judge observed that Vabu Limited had not taken enough precautions to make its employees observe crucial safety standards whenever they performed their duties.
The court ruled that the courier was an employee even though Vabu Limited had made a claim that he was not the firm’s employee. The court ruled that the firm was liable for the injuries suffered by the plaintiff because of the relationship it had with the courier.
The case of Australian Air Express v Langford2 highlighted the issue of whether a respondent was an independent contractor or an employee. The case highlighted the relationship between an independent contractor and a firm contracting for service. The plaintiff in the case had a delivery enterprise with networks in the whole of Australia.
The respondent was a driver who delivered various goods on behalf of the plaintiff. He could hire a different driver to do the work for him under the terms of agreement between him and the plaintiff. The respondent got an injury as a result of the negligent actions of a fork lift driver working for the company.
The District Court observed that the respondent was an independent contractor working for the company. It also ruled that he was injured as a result of the negligent actions of the firm’s employee. The District Court found the appellant liable for injuries suffered by the respondent.
The two cases show the relationships between independent contractors and their employers regarding the issue of liability for negligence. The two cases demonstrated that companies are responsible for their independent contractors and are liable for any negligent actions done by them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Hollis v. Vabu Pty Ltd 3 case shows that an independent contractor who dons the uniform of his employer while performing work duties is considered to be an employee. Any negligent action done by him on duty involves his employer as well.
In this case, the bicycle courier had not been made aware of safety standards, he was required to observe, as he performed his duties. These cases reveal the level of liability which is conferred to companies and people who work for them based on the level of responsibility bestowed on a worker.
The Australian Air Express v Langford 4 showed that an independent contractor needs to be protected from any harm in the environment where he performs his duties. The ruling for this case has a lot of implications because it assigns liability to the employer for negligent acts that result in an independent contractor getting harmed.
The above case showed that Lanford had a close working relationship with the company and this exposed him to different types of risks within the work environment. The contract for service relationship between him and the company gave him some form of independence in the way he discharged his duties.
The contractor had ceded some level of control to the company which showed that they had a strong mutual professional relationship. The contractor was given instructions on how to perform his duties every morning which showed that he had a specific work schedule.
The two cases showed that the relationship that exists between a contractor and the contracting firm is determined by the nature of duties the contractor is supposed to perform. The intention in the agreement between the two parties does not hold as proof of whether a person should be considered as a contractor or an employee.
The two cases show that a firm has to meet the legal obligations that influence the relationship it has with its contractors.5
We will write a custom Essay on Comparison and Contrast of The Hollis v. Vabu Pty Ltd specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This means that a firm has to take responsibility for negligence claims, which are caused by one of its contractors; if it is established that the negligent action took place while the contractor was performing responsibilities assigned to him. The working terms which are explicitly captured by the working agreement may not be enough to absolve employers of their responsibilities to their workers.
These two cases showed the changing nature of employment relationships in different workplace environments. This is influenced by the belief that an employer needs to give a person working for him fair employment terms to ensure that he is able to discharge his duties effectively. These cases have shown why employers need to put in place measures that help reduce accidents from happening at the workplace.6
This will help them reduce risks associated with different work procedures which are performed by both their employees and independent contractors. Therefore, they need to have effective supervisory functions to enable them limit the impact of negligent actions done by their employees and contractors.
The two cases show that employers expose their employees and other people to a certain amount of risk arising from their activities. This shows that they will be held responsible for any risk that may arise at the work place.
If an employer exercises a large degree of control over an independent contractor, then their relationship will be taken as one that exists between an employee and an employer. In these two cases, the employers controlled activities which were performed by these employees which showed that they performed duties which normal employees were expected to perform.7
In essence, an employer who determines the time a contractor should report to work an the number of hours that contractor has to work will be liable to meet basic requirements of employment.
All these considerations help to uncover the type of relationship that exists between a worker and an employer. If a dispute arises between the two parties, then this relationship will be assessed to find out how it affects the two parties involved.
The two cases also impact on the way workers who are employed to perform temporary duties are treated by the law. The Victorian WorkCover v Game 8 case upheld that Game’s decision to dig trenches on behalf of another employee showed that he was still employed by the firm.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Comparison and Contrast of The Hollis v. Vabu Pty Ltd by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The court ruled that even though Game was an independent contractor, the level of control which his employer had over him showed that he was an employee. Therefore, the employer needed to fulfill obligations which were stipulated under the law to his employee.
If an employer directs an employee closely over what he needs to do and how he needs to do it, it shows that the two parties have some level of understanding. This is construed that the contractor follows a definite schedule which has been put in place by the employer.
The two cases show that the totality of the work agreement impacts a lot on the relationship an independent contractor has with an employer. They way a worker performs duties assigned to him and the benefits that he is entitled to form the basis of an agreement between an employee and an employer.
Deductions made on an employee’s salary, membership in a trade union, annual leave and other compensation agreements are indicators of the relationship between a worker and an employer.9 All these issues make a person to be associated with a particular organization which is accountable for any harmful action that is experienced by him and other parties close to him in the course of performing his duties.
If an employer requires a contractor to wear attire that identifies him with that company, then he will be considered an employee of that company.
These landmark rulings have a major impact on labour relations in Australia. They show that employers have to take precautions in their dealings with contractors. Employers cannot use complex contract agreements to evade their responsibilities to their employees.
They need to be more aware of consequences which they expose their workers to, whenever they assign them duties to perform. The two cases show that the totality of the relationship between a worker and a firm shows if the worker is an employee or not.
References Australian Air Express v Langford (2005), NSWCA 96.
Giliker, P 2010, Vicarious liability in tort, Cambridge Universtiy Press, Cambridge.
Hollis v. Vabu Pty Ltd (1999), 207 CLR 21.
Murray J 2003, Work, family and the law, The Federation Press, Sydney.
Riley, J 2005, Employee protection at law, The Federation Press, Sydney.
Stewart, A 2011, Stewart’s guide to employment law, The Federation Press, Sydney.
Footnotes 1 (1999) 207 CLR 21.
2 (2005) NSWCA 96.
3 Ibid., 21.
4 Ibid., 96.
5 Jill Murray, Work, Family and The Law( 2003), p. 67.
6 Joellen Riley, Employee Protection at Law (2005),p. 110.
7 Ibid., p. 115.
8 Andrew Stewart, Stewart’s Guide To Employment Law (3rd. ed, 2011), p. 89.
9 Paula Giliker, Vicarious Liability in Tort (2010), p. 77.
The North American City on the Ground Exploratory Essay essay help: essay help
The North American continent is located within the Northern, and Western Hemisphere and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the East, South America to the South-east, Arctic Ocean to the North, and Pacific Ocean to the West.
North America precedes Africa and Asia in largeness and accommodates twenty three states with diverse population and cultures. North America comprises such great cities as New York, Ottawa, Washington, New Orleans, Detroit, etcetera.
These cities have different features that shape environmental and economical growth (Berry
Recruitment and Selection Plan and Report Report college admissions essay help
Executive Summary The process of recruiting, selecting and evaluating employees for this project will take an approach that would enhance success for the project awarded to DataCo by the government of Singapore. Singapore Elite HR Company has been keen to ensure that it balances the projects needs and the law and regulations in this country.
This assessment team was keen to ensure that employees with the desired skills and ability to perform are the ones selected in this project. It is through this that the project can be considered a success. In this project, Elite will ensure that employees that DataCo require in different position are gotten using a competitive process. Also important is to ensure that this recruitment process is done within the budget limits.
This would help ensure that the entire process is undertaken within the expectations of DataCo. The evaluation process would further enhance the ability of the management and the hired employees to work in an integrated environment where giving directions would be easier.
Introduction Human resource forms an important aspect of any project. According to Boselie1, for any project to succeed, there must be a carefully selected workforce that will carry out various duties within the project.
This scholar further reiterates the importance of selecting the workforce that understands the project properly as a way of making work easier, and cutting such costs as that which would be incurred when the workforce has to undergo some form of training in order to understand the requirements of the project.
DataCo must realize these facts in order to succeed in this massive project that has been awarded by the government of Singapore. This two year project should be carefully planned by having the right workforce that will be able to meet the targets set by the project management team.
As Singapore Elite HR Company, we offer a solution to DataCo by helping in the selection of the most appropriate workforce that will be able to help this firm meet its objectives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Given that the positions have already been identified, Singapore Elite HR Company has a comprehensive plan on how to select various officers depending on the importance of the office. According to Budhwar2, every level of office has a different selection plan that is most appropriate.
This scholar says that the selection procedure used when hiring a secretary will always be different from that used when hiring a projects manager. Singapore Elite HR Company took this into consideration when coming up with this plan. All the planed recruitments are expected to be complete by 1st June 2013. This project must be based on the budget of $65,000 which has been assigned to it.
Job and Person Descriptions According to Cutcher3, before determining who to employ in every given position within a project, it is important to describe the job of that particular parson. Job description entails what the office should achieve, roles and responsibilities of the occupier of the office, the person the officer in that office will be answerable to and the remuneration that the office caries.
Evans4 says that job description helps in matching the skills of the occupier of the office, and the expectation of the entire project. It helps in determining the office that will be responsible for every single activity within the implementation process. Job description form is attached in this document at the appendix (Appendix A).
Fey5 says that person description involves describing the person that would hold a particular office within the project. This scholar says that when describing the person, care should be taken to ensure that there is a match with job description.
Person description would simply be the characteristics of the person who would be fitting into an office whose requirements have clearly been stated. The characteristics of the person would always be analyzed based on the descriptions given when describing the job. Person description form is attached in this document at the appendix (Appendix A).
Recruitment Method Recruitment is a very important stage in looking for the right workforce for a given project. According to Grobler6, recruitment involves gathering a pool of potential employees who have the capacity to undertake a given duty within a firm.
We will write a custom Report on Recruitment and Selection Plan and Report specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This means that when recruiting, the human resource officer must ensure that all the necessary qualities of the potential candidates for every position is gotten from the final list of the candidates to be selected.
Singapore Elite HR Company has a comprehensive plan of how to recruit the most qualified candidates for various positions within the project. Given the nature of the job market in Singapore, the management plans to use three methods in recruiting potential candidates for various positions in this project.
Advertisement using the Newspapers Most of the job seekers in Singapore always rely on newspapers to get job opportunities.7 This is especially so with those who have advanced level of education. In this project, the newspapers will be used when recruiting Data Entry Team Leader (DETL) and Data Entry Operators (DEO).
Newspaper will reach many people within a very short time. The newspaper will be appropriate for this position because of its geographical coverage. The leading national newspapers have a national coverage. Given the nature of these two positions, the candidates would be sourced from any part of this country. The newspaper will help in reaching the right candidates from all over the country.
The management plans to use Strait Times newspaper in reaching out for these candidates. Guest8 observes that this newspaper is one of the widely read newspapers in this country.
Online Advertisements According to Guest9 most of the job seekers are currently relying on the online job advertisements when looking for jobs such as CareerOne. Online advertisement is suitable for all the five identified positions for this project. This is because of the fact that through this means, it is possible to reach a wide number of people. Guest10 says that online advertisement would always reach people with or without computing background.
With the emergence of the Smartphone, online advertising has proven to be very appropriate when there are need to higher the right candidates within a shorter period of time, and with limited finance for the recruitment process. This is the predicament where Singapore Elite HR Company is in currently.
According to Guest11, most of the job seekers in this country have turned into the social media and the internet in general when looking for jobs. They have signed up to various agencies which would send them updates of the available jobs on a daily basis through their e-mails.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Recruitment and Selection Plan and Report by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reaching out for these agencies and using them to send these job opportunities to various job seekers within the country would offer this firm the best opportunity to recruit the best employees in the market.
Use of Professional Associations Guthrie12 says that use of the professionals associations to get the right candidates for various tasks offers the best opportunity for a firm to get the best qualified candidates. In these associations, there is always opportunity to pass a communication of the availability of jobs in various firms.
Members can easily be reached using this forum. Database administrator, specialist librarian, and IT help desk operator can be found through this means. According to the report by Guthrie13, most of the professional bodies are always trusted by the experts. Using this forum will help in convincing the best workforce to make application for the various positions available.
The specialist librarian positions will be advertised through Library Association of Singapore (LAS). This is a large and respected body of professional librarians within Singapore. This body will help reach out for candidates with enough experience in this industry. This body has a bulletin blog where it posts various events and job opportunities as they arise within the country.
The IT Help Desk Operator and Database Administrator position will be advertised through Singapore Computer Society (SCS). This society’s membership includes all the computer engineers and technicians who have qualified to work within this country. Through its daily bulletins, it would be easier to reach specialists that would be very appropriate for various positions within this project.
Selection Method According to Guthrie14, selection of the employees from the potential candidates is one of the most challenging tasks in the process of hiring employees. This scholar says that care should always be taken to select the best qualified candidates out of the applicants of the job. Hamill15 affirms that the selection panel should always be in a position to determine the best candidates within the short period available following the closure of the application period.
The decision should always be based on the testimonials of the candidates, ability to present and express self before the panel and the physical attributes. In this selection process, the panel will select The Data Entry Team Leaders and Data Entry Operators using Compensatory Point Method.
This will be done using Multiple Regression Prediction Equation. Hamill16 says that this approach helps in selecting the best candidates who will be satisfied with the compensation that the firm offers. This will eliminate cases of dissatisfaction of the employees once they are hired.
The specialists librarian, IT help desk operator and Database administrator will be selected using Successive Huddle Approach. In this strategy the applicants would be subjected to screening at various stages, starting with the simplest stages where most are expected to pass, to the most complex stage where only the best qualified specialists can pass.
The selection can then be done based the best qualified candidates, is described as the last man standing.
DETL and DEOs Compensatory Scorecard Approach Hamill17 says that when short listing candidates for an interview, it is always important to assume that three out of four will be disqualified, while one out of every three will be disinterested with the job when the salary is specified. As such, it is always important to shortlist at least seven for every single position that is available.
The management based the selection approach on this theory, and shortlisted 35 applicants for the five positions of DEOs and another 35 applicants for the position of DETL. The shortlisted candidates will receive application forms which will be sent online. The applicants will then be subjected to an online personality and skill test after which they will undergo a telephone interview.
The candidates will be awarded scores using Multiple Regression Method. The selection team will then rate the employees based on their scores. The team will select the applicants based on their position on the scorecard. In any case an applicant declines the offer the next best candidate would be given that position.
The approach will be used to select five candidates for each of the two positions. Application form is attached in the appendix (Appendix B)
Successive Hurdles Approach for the other three positions The positions for Database administrator, IT help-desk operator and the librarian will be selected using this strategy. This is demonstrated in the appendix (Appendix C). This approach would help get the most qualified candidate for these positions. This approach is very appropriate when selecting a few candidates out of a large list of applicants.
Substantiating the Selection Methods Reviewing Resumes and Application Forms
The selection panel will review the resumes of all the applicants for various positions to determine the levels of education and their experience in the various positions applied for within this project. Resumes always help employers understand an employee from the employee’s perspective. This is because it is in the resume that an employee will try to explain self in the best approach possible.
The resume presentation will also help understand the personality of an applicant. Grobler18 says that the resumes also help in understanding two most important qualities of an applicant: level of education and experience. This scholar says that the level of education of an employee would determine the approach taken in handling various tasks within the firm.
Experience is also very important in determining how well an employee can perform a given task. Employees with experience in a given field are always more efficient and can perform assigned tasks within a shorter period of time.
The resumes also help in determining an employee’s language, logic and mathematic skills based on their education and experience in a given field. This activity is further described in the appendix (Appendix D).
Testing of the Skills
Grobler19 says that it is always important to test the skills of applicants whenever this is possible. In this selection plan, the DEOs skills will be determined using Alpha-Numeric Data Entry Test. The test will be administered online and the scores will be in words per minute, and with a minimum allowable error rate of 98 percent. The applicants will be assessed at Assessment Center by relevant authorities.
The Cognitive Test
Cognitive test refers to the process of testing the strength of the mind. Evans20 describes this process as a test of the mind. In all the five positions, there will be a need to conduct a cognitive test in order to determine the mental capacity of the applicants. There are various scientific approaches that can be used in testing the mental capacity of an individual.
Cognitive test is always important in determining the capacity of an individual to perform a given duty within a specified time. This test is very important for managerial positions. This is because these positions would always demand that an individual makes a decision that will affect other employees and the firm in general. These individuals must, therefore, be in a position to make decisions that are rational.
The Database administrator and the librarian would be subjected to this test in order to ensure that only the best candidate for this position gets elected.
According to Budhwar21 testing the personality of an applicant is always important in determining how effective an employee would be within a firm. This scholar says that personality testing helps determine how an employee would manage himself or herself within the firm when faced with varying situations. The selection team will use NEO PI-R test.
This test will help in understanding such qualities of the applicants as the attitude, the emotions, motivational style among other personality traits. This will help identify candidates with the capacity to control their emotions and attitude even when faced with difficult situations.
Data Entry Team Leader will be subjected to this test because of his or her role in this project. Anyone in the leadership position should always have strong personality that would enable them meet the challenges that come with their position. They should be able to control their emotions and be able to motivate others to work effectively.
The process of assessing these employees will happen within the assessment centers. The assessment centers will be under direct supervision of Lee and Vicky, the two permanent Human Resource assistants. Under them will be six temporary HR assistant. Lee and Vicky will ensure that the other HR assistants, who will be the assessors, understand the assessment strategies that are appropriate when assessing the applicants.
They should understand the matrix method used to assess innovation, influence, analysis, and empathy of the employees. These assessors will be focusing on the candidates’ leadership capabilities, oral skills, attention to details and persuasive skills. This is shown in the appendix (Appendix F).
According to Evans22, interviews have the highest validity of all the selection methods if done correctly. This makes it the most common tool for selecting the right candidates. The candidates will be subjected to interviews to increase validity and reliability of the selection process. This will improve chances of coming up with the right candidates for the identified positions.
The interview will take the structured format which will be guided by a series of questions. Evans23 says that structured interviews have higher validity levels as opposed to unstructured interviews. This approached is elaborated in the appendix (AppendixG).
Background and Reference Checking
According to Baruch24, reference checking is always important in the selection process. This scholar says that referencing helps in confirming the details given by the applicant with the help of the external sources. The assessors will confirm the details of the applicants by contacting external sources to determine the previous performance and academic qualifications.
Budgets and Timelines The Budget
The selection process will take place within the constraints of finance that were assigned to it. A detailed budget for this process is given in the appendix (Appendix H). The recruitment costing is broken down in this table.
The timeline for various activities which were carried out in this project are described in the Gantt chart in the appendix (Appendix K)
Evaluation of the Project
According to Barney25, selection method should be evaluated to determine its effectiveness in achieving the desired result. The method should be fair, reliable, acceptable, valid, easy to use and cost effective. Evaluation will look at these factors to determine appropriateness of the selected method. It is only through this that the process will be considered fair and acceptable.
The method taken should be able to evaluate the aptitude test taken when selecting the candidates for various duties. Arthur26 says that the final employees should be 85 percent or higher in performance of their respective duties. An average employee should be performing at a percentage higher than 50%. In this case, the percentile would be used to defined standard deviation below and above mean (SD). This is demonstrated in the appendix (Appendix J)
The training that will be given to the successful applicants after the selection process should be assessed. These employees should be in a better position to perform their duties then they were before the training. This will also help in analyzing the selection method validity.
The final applicants should be able to understand the instructions given during the training with a lot of ease because they were selected as the best following a rigorous recruitment and selection process.
Conclusion Selecting the most appropriate employees for a given project is always a complex process. In this report, Singapore Elite HR Company has clearly stipulated a comprehensive process of recruiting, selecting and evaluating methodologies for the project awarded to DataCo. The report has clearly followed the strict timeline and the budget of $65,000 which was awarded.
The entire process is based on the laws and regulations put in place by the government of Singapore and other agencies that takes care o the interest of employees. Emphasis was placed on selection of the best qualifying candidates who would demand the fairest remuneration. In all the five posts, care was taken to hire candidates with reputation of good performance. This would make it easy for the project to be a success.
Bibliography Arthur, Joan. “Effects of human resource systems on manufacturing performance and turnover.” The academy of management journal 37, no. 3 (2008): 670-687.
Barney, John. “Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage.” Journal of management 17, no. 1 (2010): 99.
Baruch, Yusuf. “Response rate in academic studies-A comparative analysis.” Human relations 52, no. 4 (2006): 421-438.
Boselie, Paul. “Commonalities and contradictions in HRM and performance research.” Human Resource Management Journal 15, no. 3 (2005): 67-94.
Budhwar, Prisca. “Rethinking comparative and cross-national human resource management research.” The International Journal of Human Resource Management 12, no. 3 (2006): 497-515.
Cutcher, Gershenfeld. “Impact on Economic Performance of a Transformation in Workplace Relations.” Management Journal 44, no. 2 (2007): 241.
Evans, Paul. The global challenge: international human resource management. New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin, 2011.
Fey, Cecil. “The effect of human resource management practices on MNC subsidiary performance in Russia.” Journal of International Business Studies 32, no. 1 (2012): 59-75.
Grobler, Pieter. Human resource management in South Africa. London: Thomson Learning, 2006.
Guest, Daniel. “Human resource management and performance: a review and research agenda.” The International Journal of Human Resource Management 8, no. 3 (2009): 263-276.
Guest, Edwin. “Human resource management and industrial relations.” Journal of management Studies 24, no. 5 (2001): 503-521.
Guthrie, James. “High-involvement work practices, turnover, and productivity: Evidence from New Zealand.” The Academy of Management Journal 44, no. 1 (2002): 180-190.
Hamill, Jane. “Labour relations decision making within multinational corporations.” Industrial Relations Journal 15, no. 2 (2006): 30-34.
Appendix A: Job and Person Description forms
DataCo Job Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May 2013
Job Title: Specialist Librarian
Reporting to: General Manager
Level: Specialist level
Salary: To be confirmed
Hours: Full time
Location: Parklane Office
Job summary The specialist librarian is responsible for developing, cataloguing and classifying documents and records, and making them available for scanning. The specialist must be in a position to accomplish the task using systems and databases, based on the standard legal search and reference tools that will meet the need of the organization.
This specialist should be reachable to other officers who may need his or her service. It is the responsibility of the librarian to barcode and catalogue the document for the purpose of archiving. The specialist should ensure that the conversion of the records is accurate to avoid any cases of contradiction or confusion of the records.
This specialist will be working in the offices located in Parklane building, 35 Selegie Rd in Singapore, with the standard working hours of 38 hours in a week).
Responsibilities and Duties of the Librarian
Duties and Responsibilities % time Collection of various documents and preparing them for a scan 25 Classification and cataloguing the documents 20 Using the databases systems in tracking the documents 10 Using reference tools and the standard legal search in attaching the search criteria to all documents 15 Verification and writing abstracts for the purpose of clarification to other team members 5 Cataloguing the barcode and preparing them for archiving upon completion of data entry. 15 Contrasting the converted records with the originals in order to maintain conversion accuracy of the records 10 DataCo Person Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May 2013
Job Title: Specialist Librarian
Essential Desirable Must be an Undergraduate in library and information studies (Post graduate in the same course or a related cause will be an added advantage.) LAS membership Work Experience and Skills. Behavioral traits and personal qualities
Essential Desirable A minimum of 2 years experience as a Librarian Experience with Oracle systems A strong knowledge of Microsoft office basics Essential Desirable Demonstration of interpersonal skills Team-building spirit Skilled in numeracy and literacy DataCo Job Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May 2013
Job Title: IT Help Desk Operator
Reporting to: The General Manager
Level: Support level
Salary: To be confirmed
Hours: Full time
Location: Parklane Office
Job summary Help Desk operator is charged with the responsibility of to assisting staff members with hardware and software difficulties. This may be done through multiple mediums, and the results be documented for purpose of future reference.
This specialist will be expected to train all new members of staff on issues related to software or hardware. The specialist will be to maintain and update software and hardware when there is need. This includes the maintenance of the scanning devices. Help Desk Operator will ensures data is secure by managing and monitoring any issues that may arise.
The IT help Desk will be working from the offices in Parklane Office, and will work within the standard 38 hours a week. The officer will be reporting to the general manager.
Responsibilities and Duties
Duties and Responsibilities % time Answering inquiries from staff using available medium 25 Creating resolutions records for reference in future 15 Installing relevant software and hardware 15 Training new staff on the software and hardware 15 Monitoring and managing security of data 10 Maintaining and supporting remote computing applications 10 DataCo Person Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May2013
Job Title: IT Help Desk Operator
Essential Desirable Relevant degree from a recognized university Any recognized college within the country IT Dimploma or Certificate Work Skills and Experience
Essential Desirable Experience of over 2 years of experience in IT support role Experience in data security management Experience with Oracle systems (at least 4 months) A understanding of Microsoft office suite and Microsoft windows Excellent skills in problem solving Personal behavioral traits and qualities
Essential Desirable Excellent verbal and written communication skills (English) Team building spirit Competence in numeracy and literacy skills Ability to prioritize and multi-task DataCo Job Description Form
Last Updated: 1st March 2012
Job Title: Database Administrator
Reporting to: The General Manager
Level: Specialist level
Salary: To be confirmed
Hours: Full time
Location: Parklane Office
Job Summary The Database administrator shall monitor the performance of oracle database systems using custom made software. The officers will be responsible for ensuring that all staff members have access to desired data. They shall also develop standards for accessing the information and to monitor compliance with the standards.
The officers are also required to test and report any database changes to programmers and analysts in the head office. The Database administrator is expected to train all users and to answer any question that may arise. The officer will ensure that there is a back-up for all the data, and that there is a contingency plan for data recovery whenever there may be need for that.
The Database administrator will work from the Parklane office, within the standard 38 hours a week, and answerable to the general manager
Duties and Responsibilities
Duties and responsibilities % time Monitoring of the systems’ performance with the help of the custom made software. 10 Managing all staff access to the correct data. 10 Developing standards and ensuring compliance with data access 15 Test databases and programs for errors, make correction if there is need and then report to the relevant authorities. 20 Training the users on how to access database and being available to respond to queries. 10 Ensuring that data is properly backed up. 15 Developing, testing and implementing contingency plans on recovery of data 25 DataCo Person Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May 2013
Job Title: Database Administrator
Essential Desirable Bachelor’s Degree in IT related course or Certificate IV in Information Technology Oracle SQL Developer (Certified Associate) Oracle Database Certification IT Professional: (Database Administrator) Work Experience and Skills
Essential Desirable A minimum 2 years’ experience as a Database Administrator Experienced in VPNs Strong knowledge of Microsoft windows and Microsoft office suite Experienced in Oracle databases Behavioral traits and personal qualities
Essential Desirable Interpersonal skills Knowledge on safety and security skills Team-work capabilities Advanced literacy and numeracy skills Intrapersonal understanding DataCo Job Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May 2013
Job Title: Data Entry Operator Team Leader
Reporting to: To be Confirmed
Level: Supervisory level
Hours: Full time
Location: Parklane Offices
Job summary The Data Entry Operator Team Leader will be responsible for transcription tasks, and digitizing paper copies of documents. This would involve use of barcode tracking equipment and scanning equipment. The officers will also be responsible for motivating junior employees within the team. They will also train new staff members on administrative and systems procedures.
This officer will work from the Parklane office for the standard 38 hours a week. The reporting chain has yet to be established.
Duties and Responsibilities
Job duties and responsibilities % time Rapid transcription of Alphanumeric data 10 Inspection of transcribed data for any errors 25 Using of scanner equipment to digitise paper documents 15 Using of the barcode tracking equipment 2 Ensure high quality standards of team’s output 13 Teaching the new staff members on systems, the administrative procedures and work processes . 35 DataCo Person Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May 2013
Job Title: Data Entry Operator Team Leader
Essential Desirable A minimum of Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university Oracle University’ leadership courses Leadership training course Essential Desirable Keystrokes per hour of 7500 Experience with Oracle systems 95% Alphanumerical typing accuracy Experience in Data Entry positions Experience as a Team Leader Qualifications. Behavioral traits and Personal qualities
Essential Desirable Ability to pay attention to details High level oral and written communication skills High level of literacy and numeracy Ability to multitask and prioritize DataCo Job Description Form
Last Updated: 28th May 2013
Job Title: Data Entry Operator
Reporting to: Data Entry Operator Team Leader
Level: Subordinate level
Salary: To be confirmed
Hours: Full time
Location: Parklane Office
Job summary The Data Entry Operator is responsible for transcribing of tasks, digitizing the paper copies of documents. This will involve using of barcode tracking equipment and scanning equipment.
The Data Entry operator will work from the Parklane Office within the standard 28 hours a week. He or she will be directly answerable to the Data Entry Operator Team Leader.
Responsibilities and Duties
Job duties and responsibilities % time Rapid transcription of alphanumeric data 50 Inspection of the transcribed data for errors 20 Use scanner equipments in digitizing paper documents 15 Appropriate use of barcode tracking equipment 15 DataCo Person Description Form
Last Updated: 1st March 2012
Job Title: Data Entry Operator
Essential Desirable Bachelor’s Degree in the relevant field ‘Oracle University’ training courses Essential Desirable Keystrokes per hour of 8000 Experience with Oracle systems 98% Alphanumerical typing accuracy Experience in Data Entry positions Work Experience and Skills
Essential Desirable Capability of follow details Strong verbal communication skills Capability of working autonomously Able to perform repetitive tasks High level of literacy and numeracy Personal qualities and behavioral traits. DEO Compensatory scorecard
Procedures of selection Characteristics of Selection Procedure The application form Skills test Personality test Phone Interview The highest possible score 4 10 10 16 .15 .10 .50 .20 .20 Notes: M= 0.10X1 0.50X2 0.20X3 0.20X4 (M is expected performance, X1is for the application forms scores, X2is the score in skills test, X3is the score on personality test and X4is the score on phone Interview. The weightings of the individual was calculated based on job validities). Successive hurdles breakdown
Data Entry Operator Team leaders
IT Help Desk Operator
Resume and Application form sifting scoring charts
DEO, DEOTL and IT Help Desk
Qualifications The Score A relevant University Degree 5 Diploma or Oracle course or an equivalent 3 Cert III 1 Successful completion of high school 0.5 Work Experience Team leader or managerial experience (For DEOTL only) 2 Data entry experience / IT Help Desk Experience 2 Clerical work experience / Sales or service experience 1 no work experience in relevant field 0.5 Database Administrator
Qualification Score Certification in Oracle PL/SQL Developer and/or Microsoft Certified IT Professional: (Database Administrator) 5 Oracle Database or SQL Certification 3 Relevant University Degree 3 Diploma or oracle course 2 Work experience Score Oracle Database Administrator 4 Database Administrator 2.5 no work experience 0 Specialist Librarian
Qualification Score Library Association of Singapore Accredited Degree or Technical Qualification, 2 Not relevant degree or technical qualification 0 Work experience
Leadership and Organisational Change Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Introduction The mere mention of an organisation calls to mind two important aspects. The leader of an organisation and the type of organisation matter a lot. People tend to associate with organizations that have sound leadership because such leadership devotes time to effecting necessary changes needed to steer an organisation from one level or stage to the other.
Leadership implies a team that is under a leader, for such a leader cannot work alone. Various theories of leadership explain how a leader can influence change in an organisation and the steps required to effect such organizational changes. Conversely, poor leadership can lead to the collapse of an organisation.
This essay seeks to look at different leadership theories, the concept of leadership and how effective leadership effects organisational change.
The Concepts of Leadership and Organisation Leadership is a multifaceted concept that has attracted heated debate regarding its origin. Different schools of thought offer different ideas on whether leadership is inherent or learned (Grint, 2004). The different schools might not agree on the origin of leadership but they do agree on the definition of a leader based on the role in an organisation.
As such, a leader refers to a person who initiates the direction for a team in an organisation and who secures the team’s commitment to fulfil laid down goals (Grint, 2004). In addition, it is the duty of such an individual to motivate the team for better results in an organisation (Carneiro, 2002).
Such a person has both authority and legitimate power to influence desired changes in an organisation. Precisely, a leader is an individual vested with authority and power to carry out roles in an organisation and who executes change through other people (Carneiro, 2002).
How Leadership Theories Contribute To Effective Organisational Change Trait Theories
This group of theories stress that effective leaders exhibit various features or traits. As such, various leadership traits still exist in writing and individuals who become assume leadership roles are encouraged to follow them. Such traits range from physical features, intellectual capabilities, personality characteristics as well as mannerisms and skills (Senior
Human Resource Management: Workplace Shortages and the Related Issues Report cheap essay help
Introduction In the competitive environment of the XXI century globalized business field, the problem of lacking workforce might seem a very far-fetched issue; however, weirdly enough, workplace shortages have become a commonly observed phenomenon over the past few decades.
Fighting Workplace Shortages: Strategies Needless to say, a number of strategies preventing the given phenomenon from taking over the business world have been tested, yet none seems to have had any tangible effect on the issue. As reports say, among the most common measures, the following strategies have been spotted:
Raising the retirement age (Australian government);
Workplace mentoring (Jones, 2012).
Workplace mentoring Being the most promising strategy of all three mentioned above, workplace mentoring can be defined as establishing the specific models of behavior for the employees to follow in order to remain competent, growing both professionally and personally, and deal with the lack of enthusiasm or creativity (French, 2011, 136).
With the help of mentoring, employers will be able to bring the rates of workplace shortages down and manage to keep their more integrated, more invested in their work, and more enthusiastic about the future prospects.
Benefits of workplace mentoring According to what the recent researches say, the key asset of the specified approach is that it makes the employees perfect their skills without setting very competitive environment (Gallagher