Table of Contents Prevalence of Histrionic Personality Disorder
Comparison with other personality disorders
Prevalence of Histrionic Personality Disorder Most individual express histrionic personality characteristics either inform of chronic or maladaptive. Inadequate data derived from the overall population surveys indicate its prevalence ranges from 2% to 3%, although structured evaluation of inpatients as well as outpatient in a mental health setting indicate a rate of 10% to 15% (APA, 2000, pp. 713).
Patient’s characteristics Women with Histrionic Personality Disorder are literary self-centred, largely dependent on others, and self-indulgent. Consequently, they are emotionally labile so that they often inappropriately express intense anger. In addition, they may intimidate suicide as a form of manipulative intent (Kernberg, 1992, pp. 58-59).
Men with histrionic Personality on the other hand, commonly portray impulsiveness in their inclination to utilize their physical indication. Usually, such urge qualifies as an antisocial tendencies, and often translate to promiscuity in which the patient involves in many sexual relationships (Kernberg, 1992, p.59).
Parent with this disorder often apply manipulative behaviours to shift their children’s attention to meet parental expectations. By so doing, they are able to skip parental responsibilities at the same time portraying a loving and concerned impression. Hence, this act can lead to exploitation and abandonment of their children which can expose them to emotional, sexual and physical abuse (Bornstein, Costello, ed., 1996, pp. 130-132).
Comparison with other personality disorders The clinical symptoms of Histrionic Personality Disorders are often confused with those of other Personality Disorders. Hence, it is very crucial to differentiate amongst these personality disorders. If a patient present a personality behaviours that correspond with a single or more personality disorder besides the Histrionic Personality Disorder, all the disorders should be diagnosed (APA, 2000, pp. 713).
Borderline Personality Disorder can as well be signified by manipulative behaviour, attention seeking, and abrupt emotional swings. However, it can be differentiated by chronic in-depth sensation of emptiness and identity crisis, angry disturbance in close relationship, and self destruction.
On the other hand, Histrionic Personality Disorders and Antisocial Personality Disorder share a propensity to impulsiveness, manipulative, excitement seeking, superficiality, and seductiveness; although Histrionic Personality Disorder can be distinguish with a trend to be more concentrated in their emotions, while they don’t express antisocial characteristics (American Psychology Association, 2000, pp. 713).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Characteristically, Histrionic Personality Disorder patients distinguish from those with antisocial personality disorders by virtue of manipulating to gain nurturance as opposed to gaining power, profit or any other form of gratification.
Histrionic personality disorder patients are willing to be perceived as dependent or vulnerable in order to attract attention, converse to those with Narcissistic Personality Disorder who crave praise for their “superiority.”
Further, distinction of the Narcissistic personality disorder from Histrionic Personality Disorder lies in the fact that patients with this disorder may overstress the closeness of their relationship, while they are inclined to stress the “VIP” position or wealth of the persons.
Moreover, patients with dependent Personality disorder are distinguished from Histrionic personality disorder patients y virtue of being extremely dependence on others for praise and instructions, as opposed to flamboyant, embellished, emotional characteristics seen in the later (American Psychology Association, 2000, pp. 713).
The clinician must note the difference between the Histrionic personality disorder and Personality Change Due to a General Medical Condition arising from the primary effect of an overall health condition on the central nervous system.
In addition, he or she must be able to distinguish the symptoms of the Histrionic personality disorder from those that present due to chronic substance abuse especially Cocaine-Related Disorder (American Psychology Association, 2000, pp. 713).
Diagnosis A pervasive form of attention seeking and extreme emotionality, apparent by preliminary adulthood and expressed in various circumstances, is indicated through the a number of distinct behaviours including:
We will write a custom Essay on Histrionic personality disorder specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More uneasiness in context where another person other than him or her is the centre of attraction;
interaction with people often inclines towards improper sexual seduction or provocative behaviour;
portrays abrupt swings and superficial emotional expression;
consistently attracts attention to self using physical appearance;
adopts a speech technique that is overly impressionistic at the same time deficient in detail;
depicts exaggerated emotional expression, theatricality, and self dramatization;
being suggestible, in the sense of being easily influenced by people or situations;
exaggerates the intimacy of their relationship than they essentially are (American Psychology Association, 2000, pp. 714).
Treatment Interventions which are based on actual and realistic evaluation of events and problems are important. Solution-based therapy is usually appropriate for this patient. Generally, therapy interventions should not be direct towards long-term personality modification, but instead on short-term improvement of the quality of life (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Code, 2006, pp. 2).
Histrionic Personal Disorder patients promptly seek treatment while exaggerating their symptoms and functional impairment. These patients often express reluctance in therapy termination due to their urge for emotional support. This situation should be circumvented through setting an agreement on the extent of the prescription regimen (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Code, 2006, pp. 2).
Generally, therapy should be supportive as that good rapport will be effortlessly developed with the client soonest. Often, clinician may be placed in the position of rescuer where he or she will be expected to consistently reassure and relief the patient from constant disturbances. Traditionally, every mental case should portray in a dramatic way (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Code, 2006, pp. 2).
Suicidal inclination is very common amongst patients of HPD, such that there is need for constant assessment of the patient for suicidal threats which demands prompt address of the situation. Noteworthy, suicide sometimes follows what was apparently intended to be a gesture, implying that all such conceptions and plans should be accorded serious attention.
In addition, self mutilation acts may also present in HPD, and must be regarded as an important agenda in a concession concerning therapy. Nevertheless, application of suicidal threat(s) should not be an excuse for the client to sustain therapy beyond the realistic limits (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Code, 2006, pp. 2).
Clinicians are encouraged to take a sceptical position in regard of this psychotic population on the ground of their tendency to exaggerate symptoms and crisis the patient may express.
This may trigger the patient go through series of reasoning and a realistic conclusion which may reveal impractical expectation and anxiety linked with various characteristics and believes (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Code, 2006, pp. 2).
Cognitive and insight-based therapy is often unhelpful because patients of this disorder are commonly unable to evaluate unconscious drives as well as their perceptions.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Histrionic personality disorder by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Facilitating the patient to assess interaction from a more objective perspective at the same time focusing on optional reasons for behaviour is more useful. Moreover, assessment and clarification of patient’s emotions are a worthy aspect of treatment (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Code, 2006, pp. 2).
Group and family therapy interventions are not encouraged, because the patient normally craves for attention by exaggerating all their moves and responses. Victims of this psychological condition often are portrayed as phoneys in their interpersonal association with people (DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Code, 2006, pp. 3).
Reference List American Psychology Association. 2000. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental Disorders. (4 ed.). DSM-IV-TR. Arlington; American Psychiatry Publishing Inc. pp. 713-714
Bornstein, Robert F., 1996. “Dependency,” Personality Characteristics of the Personality Disordered. Charles G. Costello, editor. New York: John Wiley
Ethics Game Simulation Reflective Essay best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
Abstract The ethics game simulation involved a hypothetical company called Optilex, a game console manufacturer. The company is popular for its product Gameboard X for which it has released a newer improved version, Gameboard X 2.1. However, the company discovers that this newer version is prone to sparking, overheating and may explode if connected to a voltage higher than 220 volts.
The company is confronted by an ethical situation where it has to choose between recalling the product and incurring huge losses or allowing the continued distribution of the product despite its poor safety standards.
Introduction As the C.E.O of Optiplex Corporation, the decision to recall the product Gameboard X 2.1 lies squarely on my shoulders. I have received a report that shows that the company will suffer a $ 100 million loss and a likely tumble of share price in the NYSE if I choose to recall the product. Additionally, I receive another report showing that some countries where the product is to be sold have a domestic voltage of over 220V. I am also informed that it does not meet US safety standards on electrical appliances.
Discussion The ethical decisions at play here are quite clear. There is a high likelihood that if the product continues to be distributed, consumers are likely to get hurt and worse still, young children who love the Gameboard X. As a company, our policy statement holds that we are a company committed to making safe products for all (Stringer, 2010). Since no accidents related to the Gameboard X 2.1 have been reported yet, making a recall of the product will definitely reaffirm our values as a caring company.
Response Upon consideration of the issues at play, I decide to recall all the Gameboard pieces already distributed. I also decide to raise awareness on the risks involved in using the product. Though the product had passed safety regulations in some countries, I decide to make recalls in those countries too since all our customers have a right to safety.
Velasquez (2005) states that a company should be committed to its values at all times. At the same time, making a decision based on ethics shows that the company is dedicated to quality and in this way, it retains its customer base.
Though Optiplex Corporation will incur a huge loss this year, we can still recover in the next financial year since our customers will remain faithful since we recalled the product for their sake. In addition, the adjustments to be made to the Gameboard X 2.1 will not cost the company a lot of money, meaning that we can still reintroduce the product and recover the costs of recall.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion As managers, situations requiring an ethical solution come up from time to time. Though the need for profit keeps the company running, ethical decisions ensure that the company retains its customer base. In addition, employees feel more comfortable working for companies that have ethical practices since it means that the company is more likely to treat them with dignity (Pfeiffer
Organized Crime – John Gotti’s Analyze Analytical Essay essay help free
Introduction John Gotti was born on October 27, 1940. Until his death while serving a prison sentence, he was the godfather of the powerful crime gang family; the Gambino family.
He was dubbed “The Teflon Don”, because of his ingenuity in tricking America’s law enforcers and beating prosecutors in watertight cases. He had a dominant personality, was hot tempered and his readiness to fight made him the leader of a local gang. He was incarcerated for the first time in 1968 for hijacking trucks and got out in 1972 becoming the right hand-man to Carlo Gambino.
He killed James McBratney who had kidnapped and killed Gambino’s son thereby improving his status in the mafia. He later succeeded to the throne of the Gambino family after the death of Carlo Gambino. He was nicknamed The Dapper Don due to his meticulous appearance and cutting a public image with heroic activities (BBC, 2002; Mustain and Capeci, 2002).
Theories Edwin Sunderland
Edwin Sunderland developed the differential association theory in criminology which embraces sociology in analyzing crime. He asserted that crime is a behavior that is learned by interacting with family, peers and or associations. By associating with them, people learn different techniques of crime, crime motives and specific rationale in crime.
The theory explains reasons for an individual’s deviant behavior. Sunderland asserted that an individual’s criminality will depend on the different associations that treat crime as either positive or negative such that when favorable deviance beat negative counterparts, crime paths are opened.
He further proposed that the associations vary in quality by duration, frequency, intensity and priority; he concludes that if an individual has earlier associations, crime will have greater influence on such an individual (Vandelay, 2010).
Robert Merton developed the strain theory also called the anomie theory. It has been acclaimed as one of the most influential sociological deviance assertion. According to Merton (n.d.), there is no inner drive for crime nor is crime of a single person but rather crime and deviance are normal aspects in our society. He further argues that crime is a requirement in our society for the society to achieve social progress and generate solidarity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to him, the social structure in our society is what gives birth to crime. He argues that the American social structure and its structure of wealth distribution and that dream of achieving the ‘American dream’ all require crime to maintain social stability in the face of structural inequality.
He argues that the norm of achieving the American dream is through monetary stability through hard work in school and then in the economic life, but also there is an admiration for such deviant behavior like that of a robber baron who breaks all the rules in the book but achieves success; through the deviant means.
Thus he concludes that in our societies especially by American standards, success is admired more than how it was gained. Success is thus emphasized more than the approved means of achieving that success (Merton, n.d.).
Analyzing Gotti in the Light of the Above Theories Analyzing Gotti’s criminal activities by using the above two criminal theories, we find that both apply in some ways or the other. We are told that that Gotti started his criminal activities as a young boy of 12 years. By interacting with his peers at that tender age, he was able to be their leader and was unable to stay crime free.
He later admired the Gambino family gang and by his association with them, he knew that by committing more serious crimes he could rise in ranking. He had greater influence in his criminal activities by virtue of his earlier association in crime (Smith, 2010).
The second theory above by Sunderland also does describe Gotti’s deviance remain in crime although it is not the right norm to achieving the American dream but all in all, who cares as long as he has achieved it; by being rich in monetary value.
People admired his success despite the means, he was the boss of ‘a new York City Gambino Crime Family and he was later to become the most powerful crime boss of his era. He had an outspoken personality and used to wearing expensive clothing earning him the name “The Dapper Don’.
We will write a custom Essay on Organized Crime – John Gotti’s Analyze specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is a life most American consider “the American Dream’ and by any standards Gotti had achieved it despite the means. This seems used to keep him tight in crime and show off that despite how he achieves his American dream, he still lived large (Smith, 2010).
Types of Criminals Gangs Criminal Gangs, Cultural Gangs and Entrepreneurial Gangs
A sociological professor at New York University Jerome Skolnick has identified two types of criminal gangs; neighborhood based gangs (cultural gangs) and entrepreneurial gangs. Cultural gangs are the traditional turf oriented based in the neighborhood and involved in a number of crimes. Entrepreneurial gangs do exist purposely to gain wealth by criminal activities like that of sale of illegal drugs, manufacturing and or distributing such drugs (smith, 2010)
Gangster Disciple is a gang based in a neighborhood in Chicago. They have one major cultural background and despite the fact that they have expanded their operations into other places outside Chicago, they have their roots still based in the Chicago neighborhood. They are thus classified under cultural gangs (Smith, 2010).
Conclusion Criminal activities take many forms. There are many theories which explain how criminal activities and how each is applied will depend on different circumstances.
References BBC. (2002). John Gotti: The Teflon Don. BBC News. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1370984.stm
Merton, R. (n.d.). Robert Merton: Anomie Theory. Retrieved from http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/jhamlin/4111/Merton/MertonAnomie.htm
Mustain, G and Capeci, J. (2002). Mob star: the story of John Gotti. New York, NY: Alpha.
Smith, N. (2010). Skolnick’s Gang Types. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Organized Crime – John Gotti’s Analyze by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Vandelay, A. (2010). Edwin Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory of Criminology. Associated content. Web.
Organizational Design Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
In her article, Sheila Creth highlights the importance of a networked organization, particularly in the modern higher education environment. She notes that there is need for organizations to maximally utilize their members of staff to successfully run the operations.
Creth gives an example of networking between libraries and information technology services for a progressive transition to the future. The article further argues that the first decade of the 21st century was to be a challenging period for colleges and universities in their quest to review the mission and services without compromising the quality of services and traditions.
In the process of redesigning the organizations, according to Creth, administrators will be expected to make tough decisions when it comes to strategic planning and resource allocation.
Creth emphasizes the fact that administrators in nonacademic core operations like information technology services and libraries are the most affected by the changes compared with their academic counterparts. Several approaches that can be used by the administrators are identified by the author and recommended for use in addressing the challenges.
She observes that how the administrators choose to run their organizations is crucial for effective utilization of available resources. The peculiar experiences of a given organization play a central role in the selection of a particular design. However, general trends of redesigning organizations especially in higher education are highlighted by the author.
According to the author, organizational culture is very influential in the design of any given organization. These include the peculiar characteristics and traditions that define the organization. She suggests, and I strongly agree with her, that administrators and stakeholders should consider the structures and processes that promise to work within the local organizational environment.
The next consideration for the administrators is organization structure and processes. Organization structure refers to how the various responsibilities are assigned to the various units and departments with an aim of accomplishing given tasks.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, organization processes involve the understanding of interactions, relationships, knowledge, and experiences among people in an organization. The human component in organization processes distinguishes it from organization structure.
However, according to the author, they are closely related trends crucial in ensuring effective organization design. Organization processes aim to foster a process of team work through enhancing responsiveness and vitality in a given organization.
Despite individual differences in opinion and philosophy, people in an organization are expected to cultivate a team process that will keep the organization operating at its best and in line with stated goals. This will greatly determine the future design of any given organization.
Another crucial trend in an organization identified by Creth is networking. Networked organizations promote effective working relationships among the components of an organization; structure and processes.
People in different units and departments are expected to interact freely as they share their relevant expertise. Through this trend, many organizations have become highly decentralized in most of its operations and decision making.
The author identifies the requirements in a networked organization like personal discipline, good communication skills and spirit of teamwork. With the current advancement in information, communication and technology, I concur with Creth that these are crucial characteristics that will help transform organizations and design them for the better.
It is apparent that there is need to consider organizational design as a way of attaining significant developments in productivity as well as the quality of services rendered by any given organization. This is because organization design is the best way towards addressing and overcoming the challenges that may be experienced.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Organizational Design specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Organization design will go a long way in facilitating the quest for new, timelier, and high quality services, as well as in the production of new products. The future of organizational design, if well managed, is bright and will result in increased efficiency in productivity and fulfillment of stated mission.
Negotiating Contracts with Japanese Organizations. Best Approaches Report (Assessment) best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Aspects of Japanese culture
Various assumptions about the culture
Approach to contract negotiations
Introduction Negotiation of contracts forms the basis of different individuals performing a particular task together, regardless of their cultural, political, economical, or religious backgrounds. Two or more individuals, countries come together and discuss about how they can work together for the achievement of a common goal, and for the welfare of all of them.
Contracts are agreements on something, which may even be documented, mostly involving a task that would be shared for a particular period, hence does not last forever. This paper will investigate into the cultural aspects of Japan as well as the assumptions put across about it.
Additionally, it will look closely into the best approaches that I can use to negotiate a contract with an organization based in Japan as well as the most crucial factors that should be considered in such a scenario. Furthermore, it will also provide an overview of the variations that would occur if I was negotiating with people from my own country.
Aspects of Japanese culture Japan is known for its unique culture among all other countries in the world. First, its culture is marked by an aspect of homogeneity. This form of set up implies that few foreigners would be found living in the country. Even though they embrace carrying out international businesses, they discourage intermarriages as a way to enhance the homogeneity.
This aspect has also contributed to them liking doing business among themselves other than trading with other nations. This aspect leads them to be famous for self-awareness, embracing group work as well as being conformed to their state (Bucknall, 2006).
Secondly, they posses a strong nationalism feeling that have penetrated in the business organizations. They have always had the idea that imports are not the best goods for them to purchase or work with for they consider them inferior to what they produce on their own. Thus, they always have confidence with what they have and what they produce, therefore always working hard to produce the best even in their industries.
Thirdly, they believe that no human being, group or state should posses more power than the other, regardless of their wealth or status. They therefore discourage antagonism, the reason for them wanting to be separate among other nations. This aspect also contributes to them working in groups, rather than individually (Bucknall, 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Japanese culture is distinct from my country’s culture in that, ours is not a homogenous state, but a heterogeneous one. At the same time, the issue of nationalism has not affected my country so much, since we do not always feel that what we make by ourselves is the best of all, therefore we embrace what other countries produce to be superior, thus valuing imports.
More over, mine is a state where group work is not very highly valued especially when it comes to business, thus anybody can easily operate independent of an organization provided they make wealth.
As a result, there exist social classes of the wealthy, middle class as well as poor people. Furthermore, my state values immigration aspects, making it to have all kinds of people from distinct states, and intermarriage is also allowed (Bucknall, 2006).
Various assumptions about the culture Nevertheless, there are various assumptions that have been put across by other countries about Japan. One, they are very united in all aspects. This is evidenced by their value for harmony, since they dislike mingling with or being influenced by other people from other cultures. Bucknall wrote, “Harmony in Group Relations is heavily prized”; they like doing things and behaving as a group, thus the aspect of harmony is highly embraced.
Secondly, I know the Japanese to be hardworking people and those who are self-driven in everything. It is evident that they have the highest level of technology across Asia. At the same time, the fact they work as a group to enhance the harmony makes them to be termed as hardworking, since when they discover something new, it is usually not meant for one parson but for the welfare of every citizen.
Therefore, I will not be wrong in selecting an organization in Japan to negotiate a contract with. More over, Japanese people fear crimes so much. Bucknall wrote about how they value the “shame on you” phrase since when one commits crime, it is believed that his family can get cursed. There fore, I presume that they are the best people to perform business or any activity with (Condry, 2006).
Approach to contract negotiations Bearing in mind the culture of the organization that I want to negotiate a contract with, I am careful not to fail in the whole business. The Japanese believe in homogeneity, as well as working in groups to achieve their goals, thus I would go with the idea of working as a team in order to achieve a common goal, and promise to work to my best to ensure that the results are good.
We will write a custom Assessment on Negotiating Contracts with Japanese Organizations. Best Approaches specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They also believe in dedication to work, therefore, I would enquire to know the level of commitment they would expect from our company and promise to attend to that. I also am familiar with the fact that they like perceiving and exploiting power, thus I would not go against their ideas, knowing that they are hard workers, I would train myself to have confidence in them.
More so, I would approach the contract negotiation with a lot of confidence and respect for I know that they like such qualities. Furthermore, I consider them people who value integrity, thus treating them with a lot of it would be the best policy.
I am also confident that they always listen to ones proposals and are friendly, thus I would be confident that they would listen to my opinions, thus I would go courageously proposing my idea. Finally, I would only express my interest for the contract, be a good listener, and be slow to speak, since I know that the Japanese like expressing their minds.
I would also make myself value their culture, respect their opinions under all circumstances when negotiating on the contract. More important, I would kindly propose the use of a national language for a better understanding. This approach is different from the one I would use with people of my own country (Schaffer, et al., 2008).
Several factors have to be considered during the negotiations. The Japanese fall in the category of monochromic cultures, whose people like doing things in a sequence, linearly and always focus on one object at a time, hence, I have to ensure that we discuss one thing as per their schedule.
Secondly, I have to consider space orientations in terms of the territory, distinctions between public and private corporations a personal distance that is comfortable in a discussion etc.
It is also important to focus on differences between powers to avoid any kind of discrimination. In addition, it is crucial to consider the best form of communication between the involved parties, whether verbal or nonverbal communication for a good contact negotiation process (Schaffer, et al., 2008).
Conclusion Negotiating a contract with an organization in Japan may not be so easy, owing to the differences in culture, strategic management methods, as well as other economical, political, and economical distinctions that occur between countries. However, I believe that nothing should be too hard if the right methodologies and approaches are utilized to bring two parties together.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Negotiating Contracts with Japanese Organizations. Best Approaches by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is always in order to consider the aspects of culture, and more so, examine carefully ones assumptions towards a particular people. Factors that should be considered while performing such negotiations should not be ignored for they play a very vital role.
Overall, it is possible for me to negotiate a contract, having considered the facts herein discussed. Furthermore, the objectives of this paper have been achieved (Schaffer, et al., 2008).
Reference List Bucknall, K., 2006. The most important elements in Japanese Culture, especially for those doing business with Japan. Web. Web.
Condry, I., 2006. Hip-hop Japan: rap and the paths of cultural globalization. California: Duke University Press.
Schaffer, R. et al. 2008. International Business Law and Its Environment. OH: Cengage Learning publishers.