Health Model And Disparities: Public Health

The health adaptation model was formed within the boundaries of those scientific theories and approaches that focus on the nature of the interaction between the individual and the environment. The foremost criterion for assessing optimal functioning is the nature and degree of the individual’s involvement in external biological and social systems (McCartney et al., 2019). On the one hand, it implies such a level of development of the individual’s natural potentialities, ensuring survival and adaptation to the natural environment. On the other hand, it refers to the degree of formation of social relations and compliance of behavior with society’s basic norms and requirements. This model is particularly effective because recovery is understood as successful adaptation and comprehensive harmonization of the subject’s relationship with the world (McCartney et al., 2019). It assumes complete biological transformation and the individual’s ability to regulate the body’s psychophysiological states, providing the optimum functioning. It likewise carries active action and a multifaceted health approach, considering physical and psychological factors.

Health disparities are a particular type of distinction (or the most significant factors affecting health) that could be determined by public policy. The contrast is that disadvantaged social groups systematically encounter worse health outcomes or higher health risks than less vulnerable social ones. Health disparities include comparisons not exclusively between the highest and worst performing groups in a given category (most affluent and poorest) but likewise between the most advantaged social group and everyone else (Stormacq et al., 2019). For example, my community has a much higher mortality rate among lower-middle-income citizens. It confirms that people of dissimilar incomes do not have equal access to resources and receive different treatment. If the system is no longer fragmented and health levels are shared, it will directly affect mortality rates (Stormacq et al., 2019). Therefore, the numbers would equalize, and life expectancy for people with lower-middle income would increase because of the equal provision of health services. Identical service delivery assumes that everyone gets care regardless of external factors, eliminating disparities and equalizing health outcomes.


McCartney, G., Popham, F., McMaster, R., & Cumbers, A. (2019). Defining health and health inequalities. Public health, 172, 22-30.

Stormacq, C., Van den Broucke, S., & Wosinski, J. (2019). Does health literacy mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and health disparities? Integrative review. Health promotion international, 34(5), 1-17.