Have Federal Funds Been Left Behind Essay Argumentative Essay Help

Summary The article, “Have Federal Funds been Left Behind” explores the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and the inherent limitations and the resulting problems brought about by federal funding issues.

Basically, Dubcombe, Lukemeyer and Yinger (2008) presents the notion that states within the U.S. educational system actually have an incentive to keep their educational standards low in order to avoid severe penalties under the NCLB.

Not only that, they also present the notion that while current methods of federal funding are “sufficient” for an “average” level of educational performance, they are no where near the levels needed in order to develop the same performance capacities seen in students from private educational institutions.

Critique When exploring the article I cannot help but agree with Dubcombe, Lukemeyer and Yinger (2008) regarding the current state of the American educational system.

Through its presentation of the concept of educational accountability and how state budgets are oriented regarding their systems of education it becomes clear that the concern of individual states is not the type of education that is being provided but rather whether it is provided or not.

This would of course result in drastic reductions in overall quality as presented by the article.

One of the weaknesses of the article though was that it lacked sufficient long term evaluations of the possible impact such a method of education will have on the cognitive and intellectual capacties of children that graduate from such a system.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Personal Reaction Overall, I have to say that the account of Dubcombe, Lukemeyer and Yinger (2008) is an insightful look a the current failings within the U.S. system of education. It becomes immediately apparent that the system seems more like a factory line churning out students for the sake of money rather than creating individuals who can truly make a difference in the world.

It is based on this that I believe that there should be serious reforms in the current allocation of budgetary allotments for education resulting in a system that encourages the development of quality educational systems rather than the current factory assembly line that is is resembling at the present.

Application When examining the article I can say with certainty that I would attempt to avoid to have anything to do with the public system of education until such a time that is has been revamped based on the recommendations I made in my personal reaction.

Linking standardized tests, school funding makes sense Summary

In the article “Linking standardized tests, school funding makes sense”, by Hewitt (2003) readers are presented with two arguments.

The first is that the funds disbursed to schools should be based on the results gained from standardized testing procedures while the second view is that communities rather than the schools themselves should be held accountable.


When examining the article I have to say that Hewitt (2003) neglected to take into consideration the potential impact that funding based on test scores could have on the quality of education received by students.

The arguments themselves were weak in that they seemingly stemmed from a perspective of an individual that lacked the ability to truly discern how educational systems work and how making performance based initiatives could potentially result in practices that are far from what one can consider “quality education”.

We will write a custom Essay on Have Federal Funds been Left Behind specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Personal Reaction

There have been a variety of online articles which have shown that the “militaristic” system of education implemented in a variety of school systems wherein facts are given without truly delving into the history and intricacies of the lessons learned has resulted in a system of education wherein students know the facts but don’t know how to properly apply them. This is the one result that Hewitt (2003) neglected to take into consideration and it shows his ineptitude regarding education.


Based on what I have learned in this article I can say that I will endeavor to bring to light the problems in the current system of education in order to save it from itself.

Reference List Duncombe, W., Lukemeyer, A.,


Scharffen Berger Chocolate Maker Case Study college application essay help: college application essay help

The interaction between product quality and process quality is a complex one, whereby the quality of output is highly depended on the process quality. Process quality together with other factors such as manpower affects the processing time and the final end product.

A process is composed of various stages, which interactively influence each other.

In 2005 Harris faced the same problem of retaining the product quality at the same time improving on the production capacity as a result of speculations for demand increment of the chocolate Continuous attempts had been made in reducing the time allocation for each processing step in the Scharffen Berger chocolate maker but this led to great changes in the quality of the America’s best chocolate (Leff, 2005, p. 73).

The final decision was to come up with a new ball mill machinery all together. This machine would multiply the production speed at the conching processing stage and at the same time improve on the product’s texture.

It would also improve on the flavor of the product by ensuring that less sugar is lost during the long processing times. This big question had finally found an answer but greater challenges lay ahead of the company. This work summarizes the benefits of a quality process line in relation to the Scharffen Berger maker.

The case study shows clearly the link between quality of process and quality of products. All processing steps are equally important and slight changes in the time allocated or even some other settings would be very detrimental to the end product.

Scharffen Berger Chocolate Maker consists of seven main processing steps among them is the bean cleaner which serves to clean up the beans before production. Poor working conditions of the bean cleaner can lead to chocolate production with poor flavor due to dirt leakages.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The other step is the roasting stage, which introduces the caramel flavor to the cocoa beans. Poor control of the roasting temperatures could lead to burning of the cocoa beans leading to poor quality products or even worse complete lose of the product.

From here the product goes to the melangeur stage, which is necessary for a smooth paste of cocoa (Perry


Management Accounting in Company Essay (Article) college admissions essay help

Stakeholders A number of parties have stakes in this situation. The situation presents a financial decision which has a potential for causing a negative impact if it is known publicly and even if it is not known publicly, it may have financial consequences in the future.

Top management: In particular, the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and the president are vulnerable to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) and furthermore, there are increased penalties for financial misconduct (Weygandt, Kimmel,


Israeli-Palestinian Conflict vs. Apartheid in South Africa Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

The military and political conflict between Israelis and Palestinians continues to devastate the lives of many people. It has been a major source of concern for the leaders of many countries.

This paper will argue that at this point one-state solution will be the best outcome for each side of the dispute. Moreover, there are examples showing that a single government can represent different ethnic groups; in particular one can speak about South Africa.

Certainly, these cases have differences but there are ways of negotiating peaceful agreement that can benefit both sides. Moreover, it will not necessarily lead to the segregation of the ethnic groups.

One of the first points that should be made is that ethnic conflicts were present in the history of many nations, but many countries were able to overcome them at least to some degree, for example, it is possible to mention the apartheid in South Africa and its legacies.

This country was able to rejoin after long years of segregation due to several factors. First of all, international community pressured the government of this country to abolish apartheid policies. Secondly, those people who opposed to institutional racism did not choose terrorism as a means of achieving their goals.

Certainly, there were violent responses to the actions of police, but they were a reaction the state violence such as the Sharpeville massacre (Lodge 214). In most cases, protesters avoided terrorist act. Furthermore, the government of South Africa began to pursue the policies of affirmative action that empowered black citizens of the country.

These are the conditions that are necessary for reconciliation of several ethnic groups. Unfortunately, the relations between Israelis and Palestinians were marked by terrorism, state violence, and unwillingness to search for a compromise.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nevertheless, one-state solution is still the most optimal decision for both Israelis and Palestinians. First of all, one should mention that among Palestinian leadership there are many extremists who hold extremely anti-Semitic views; in particular, one has to speak about Hamas (Gleis


All software should be available free of charge to all users Essay online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Arguments in Support of Free Software

Arguments against Free Software

Discussion and Conclusion


Introduction As the use of computer systems has increased radically in modern society, the significance of software has risen to high levels. This significance has led some researchers to acclaim software as the building blocks of modern day society.

The increased importance of software has led to the growth of a very lucrative software industry that develops and sells software to users. Software giants such as Microsoft and IBM have made billions of dollars over the years through software sales.

This commercialization of software has been opposed by some developers who feel that software should be available to every person without charges.

The idea of free software was first articulated by the programmer Stallman in 1980 who wrote a Manifesto that proclaimed that “software should be free of charge, and give everyone the unrestricted right to learn from it, use it, change and distribute it” (Pfaffman 2008, p.25).

Free software advocates regard software as a public good that should be freely available to all. Arguments have been made that commercialization of software benefits a few while depriving many off the chance to enjoy the benefits that software could provide.

This paper will argue that all software should be available for download free of charge to all users in order for the society to reap the benefits attributed to its usage.

Arguments in Support of Free Software Innovation and progress in the software sector will grow exponentially if all software is made available free of charge. The commercialization of software has led to a dramatic increase in the patenting of new knowledge by companies (Stallman 2009).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This habit is in contrast to the community philosophy that was responsible for the invention of some of the greatest technologies such as the internet. Patents impose a burden on future innovation since a patent holder can charge other programmers who want to build on his/her concepts.

Free software encourages innovation and progress that leads to immense development in the field of computing. Schoonmaker (2007) observes that the free software community of the 1970s progressed because of this freedom up to the point where it was able to give the world the internet.

The popular web server software Apache has also grown because it is free. Feller (2005) confirms that because of the contributions of many users, Apache was able to become the strongest Web server software within a space of only four years.

By offering the software on the internet so that users could download it free of charge, Apache grew to become the most popular web server software, winning many industry awards for excellence.

Commercial software is partly to blame for the digital divide currently experienced. By definition, the digital divide refers to the gap between people with regard to their access to information and communication technologies.

Economic considerations have played an important role in creating and expanding this digital divide (Demaziere 2007). Low access to ICT is still closely correlated with the income levels of the members of the society.

The pricing of most software products is beyond the reach of the low-income groups. As a result, only the economically sound members of the society can afford these products and benefit from them.

We will write a custom Essay on All software should be available free of charge to all users specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If software was available free of charge for all, every person could have the opportunity to benefit from it. Providing software free of charge will therefore assist in the reduction of the currently existing digital divide.

Pfaffman (2008) states that software is made more valuable when more people use it. If people are provided with software free of charge, they are empowered to develop skills and use them to increase their productivity.

The economic prosperity of many nations will be enhanced by making all software available free of charge. Unlike in the past when the economy was driven by physical resources, today’s economy is driven by information.

Conceicao (2009) declares that we are moving towards a knowledge economy where information systems play a pivotal role in the economic well-being of the nation.

In such future, the prosperity and sustainability of economies will depend on knowledge and information in an unprecedented way. The value associated with software will therefore be very great.

Countries whose citizenry have greater access to software will enjoy greater growth than their counterparts that have limited access. If software is still sold to people, not everyone will be able to benefit and the poorer nations will continue to lag in their economic growth.

Providing software free of charge will therefore benefit all nations since they will have a huge pool of informational resources.

Unavailability of free software causes some people to engage in the illegal activity of software piracy. Teston (2008) reveals that the primary motivation for most individuals who engage in software piracy is to revolt against the exorbitant pricing by software publishers.

Not sure if you can write a paper on All software should be available free of charge to all users by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Price considerations are especially of importance in low income countries. In many developing nations, the income per capita for individuals makes it impossible to purchase legitimate copies of software products such as Microsoft Windows or Symantec Antivirus.

Piracy is an illegal practice that might result in the imprisonment of the individuals who engage in this activity. In addition to this, piracy leads to people being provided with lower quality software.

If software was made available free of charge, people would not be forced to resort to illegal copying and distribution. Everybody will have a chance to get the best quality software without having to break any law.

Arguments against Free Software The information technology sector has become one of the most important economic drivers of the County’s economy in the last 2 decades. Conceicao (2009) observes that the software industry has become a significant contributor of revenue for the government.

This monetary contribution can be expected to rise over the years as computer usage expands and more software products are developed and sold to both the local and the international market. If all software is made free for all users, the software industry will shrink with many negative implications.

To begin with, the decline of the software industry will led to the loss of jobs by the many people who are currently working in the industry. Subsequently, the economic growth of the country will deteriorate as more people join the unemployment list.

The county’s economy will further suffer from financial losses since the government will no longer be able to acquire the revenue that it currently obtains from taxation on the software industry.

While it is true that making all software free will damage the software industry, the economy will benefit from increased innovation as people exploit the software for productive means.

Opponents of free software argue that the software industry will not be able to sustain itself if software is provided free of charge to the users.

The software development industry is vast and it offers employment to hundreds of thousands of people who acts as developers, analysts, testers, and many other occupations.

Software development companies will not be able to employ people if they cannot make money by selling software to the users. Making all software free will potentially render the software industry unprofitable and this will lead to a shut down of many software firms.

Pfaffman (2008) observes that the idea that computer users have a right to download software free of charge is in direct opposition to the commonly perceived right of a software creator to restrict redistribution.

While it is true that the software companies relies on sales to ensure its survival, software production would still continue even without these companies.

Demaziere (2007) reveals that there are developers who are willing to dedicate their working time and knowledge to the production of software despite the fact that they are not going to benefit from their efforts.

Studies on free software development communities demonstrate that people are able to come up with marvel software products even when contributions are voluntary and not remunerated.

If software is provided free of charge, the consumers will suffer from a lack of many beneficial after sale services. For example, most proprietary software includes regular updates for the user.

In addition to this, users are provided with customer support services as well as free technical support that results in an enjoyable user experience. While it is true that bought software may come with free support, this support is not always guaranteed.

If the software vendor goes out of business, then the individual or organization will remain with their purchased software but without support. Free software also has support that is mostly in the form of posting in forums where other users with extensive experience offer help.

Schoonmaker (2007) contends that this form of support is comparable to what is received from commercial vendors.

Proponents of free software note that the imposed updates are malicious features that restrict the freedoms of the user. Free software would not have such restrictions since it respects the freedom of the user to do what they like with the software.

Opponents of free software argue that this software is more likely to be of inferior quality compared to commercial software since there is no financial incentive for the developers to come up with perfect products.

The quality of software is a very important factor since people are becoming more and more reliant on computers and software products. Selby (2007) warns that the economic prosperity of a country is going to be endangered if the society relies on systems that are dependent on fragile, unreliable, and insecure software.

It would therefore make sense for the nation to invest in the most robust and reliable software. Free does not mean low quality in software. The quality of free software equals and at times even exceeds that of commercial software. For example, Apache web server that is one of the most popular servers available is available free of charge.

The reason behind this is that the developers in the public domain are very motivated. In addition to this, free software is subject to intensive and excruciating peer review that results in the end product being of very high quality.

Discussion and Conclusion The development of free software has experienced a boost over the past few years as more developers embrace the philosophy of free and open source software.

Free software has transitioned from the margins to the mainstream of society with largely the support of a network of active, individual coders (Zhu


Gyn-affection in Literature Essay argumentative essay help

There is no precise definition of such phenomenon as gyn-affection. In a few words, it can be defined as a friendship between women but certainly it would be a very simple derfinition.

Gyn-affection can mean passion that women feel for each other, this phenomenon can have a bit political context as well. Janice Raymond, a novelist, coined the term to illustrate a relationship, which includes not only fondness and affection, but also creates a sense of mutual empowerment among females (Jolene 2012, P.1).

Affection in this sense means the state of influencing, acting upon, moving, impressing, being influenced, being impressed, and acted upon by other women.

In her writings, Raymond says that women could liberate themselves only if they embraced a gyn-affective life and rejected most of the lies perpetuated against them.

Gyn-affection in “The Color Purple” In her book “The Color Purple,” Alice Walker described how male African Americans in the mid 1900s oppressed their women (Walker 1982, p. 5). In this patriarchal society, most women were illiterate and continuously oppressed by men.

Using the female network, the author illustrated that through unity, strength and support, women could rise and ifght against their opressors. Gyn-affection in the book has been portrayed in different forms, particularly in motherly, sisterly and womanly ways.

For instance, the author referred to the relationship between Nettie and Celie as motherly (Walker 1982, p. 45). When Nettie’s mother died, Celie took care of Nettlie as if she was her own daughter. For the greater part of her life, Nettie saw love only from her sister and gave back love to her.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The sister’s motherly love was portrayed through Celie’s selfless sacrifices for her younger sister. Later on, the letters that Nettie wrote to her sister expressed in many ways her gratitude for Celie’s gift of survival.

Without one another, female characters in this novel would be less powerful. After Celie met Shug, a blues singer, she immediately developed a strong friendship with her (Walker 1982, p. 67). Through their intimate relationship, Shug instills self-confidence and self-esteem in her.

As a result, the author noted that Celie later on felt more comfortable and respected herself for the first time in her life. In addition, Celie developed very strong love for Shug because she helped her come into terms with herself.

Another woman who helped Celie realize the power of her voice was Sofia. Sofia, as Celie’s close friend, would not allow men to assert their dominance over her. Like Shug, Sofia taught Celie that she must stand up for herself or men would oppress her.

Afterwards, Celie learned to stand up for herself and eventually achieved happiness and respect. To assert the importance of gyn-affection, the author demonstrated that only women with independent economic position were able to stand up for themselves.

As such, she showed that women’s conditions can greatly improve if they unite and support each other.

Gyn-affection in other texts Gyn-affection is depicted not only in “The Color Purple” but also in other feminist books. Many women activists have written numerous books dwelling on gyn-affection.

We will write a custom Essay on Gyn-affection in Literature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Among these books are “Handmaid’s Tale” and “A Passion for Friends.” In both novels, the protagonists are women who were oppressed and dominated by men. In both texts, women were affected by similar situations, but eventually managed to become stronger after interacting with other women.

In the “Handmaid’s Tale,” the author incorporated many feminist theories and frequently referred to female characters to emphasize the impact of gyn-affection. Offred, the narrator in the story, described her experience as a handmaid in a patriarchal society (Atwood 1986, p.15).

Offred with the help of her friend Moira finally became motivated and courageous. Just like in teh book of Alice Walker, women in the “Handmaid’s Tale” are forced to work together to get rid of the male oppressors.

Aunt Lydia claims that women in Gilead society could live free from rape, fear, and harm if they could only unite and build a unified female society (Atwood 1986, p. 23).

Another book that depicts the effectiveness of gyn-affection is “A Passion for Friends” written by Janice Raymond. In this book, Raymond affirmed the importance of female friendship (Raymond 1986, p. 9).

Like Alice Walker, the author illustrated that women could overcome all the obstacles in their way by acting as a team. Raymond saw the possibility of female friendship without boundaries.

Unlike other texts, “A Passion for Friends” states that women have been friends for decades and that their relationships have been distorted and destroyed by self-vested men.

Raymond still believes that despite enormous pressures put on women by men, women can collectively work together to eradicate these vices (Raymond 1986, p. 11).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Gyn-affection in Literature by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this regard, Raymond asserted that some women have always existed for women. Thus, she called women to identify such women and work together to attain their self-worth.

The three books showed the power of female friendship and various ways how women can survive in oppressive situations and resist men’s opprecise behaviour (Brien 2010, p. 34).

In addition, three authors showed that women should form strong units to prevail in male dominated societies (Brown


Literary Devices in The Book of Haggai Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction


Literary devices in the Book of Haggai



Introduction It is estimated that the book of Haggai was authored in the year 520 B.C. The author of the book was motivated to challenge God’s people in respect to their priorities. Haggai called upon the people of God to worship and give Him glory that He deserved (Wolf, 1976, p 11).

This was to be achieved through the construction of a temple for God despite the local and official resistance. Haggai was determined to see the temple constructed and he rallied people to continue with the noble mission.

He called upon the people to refrain from the sinful ways of life and develop trust in God’s abilities (Merrill, 2003, p 37). This paper shall provide an analysis of the book of Haggai and the literary devices that have been used in the text.

Overview The book of Haggai was named after the person who is believed to have written it. Haggai is considered as one of the minor prophets of the Old Testament. He is also said to have been a leading figure of the post-exile era.

This book is among the group of books often referred to as the Book of the Twelve (Chisholm, 2002, p 81). The date when this book was written is widely accepted without controversy.

Notably, the existence of Haggai is well documented in the book of Ezra. The book of Ezra is often believed especially due to its historical accuracy (Wolf, 1976, p 98).

As to Haggai, his main objective was to oversee the restoration of the temple and the re-establishment of God’s worship (Wolf, 1976, p 9).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The setting of the book was in Jerusalem during the 2nd year Darius Hystaspes of Persia. This was the time about eighteen years after the Israelites had returned from Exile in Babylon (Bright, 1959, p 13).

The Book of Haggai is essentially made up of collections of addresses by Haggai to his different audiences. Therefore, the book has little historical or narrative information.

Nonetheless, the author of the book often refers to the various historical aspects that related to his mission. He also recounts the responses of the people regarding his appeals (Wood, 1979, p 31).

Therefore, it can be speculated that he was among other individuals who had returned to Jerusalem from Babylon (Dyer and Merrill, 2001, p. 47). The other notable individual who had returned from Babylon was prophet Zachariah.

This was after King Cyrus of Persia allowed the Israelites to return to Jerusalem. After returning, Haggai and Zachariah embarked on their prophetic missions. This was eighteen years after they had returned from exile (Longman and Dillard, 2006, p 75).

Haggai was incensed by the people’s indolence and indifference. This is because the people had worked hard to rebuild their institutions and lives. However, they had left the issue of building the temple of the Lord and other matters unaddressed.

Also, the celebrations and fervor that characterized the return of the Israelites from exile degenerated into spiritual apathy and self-serving. Haggai rebuked his people for their unwarranted behaviors and actions (Gaebelein, 1970, p 18).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Literary Devices in The Book of Haggai specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He claimed that the natural and physical disasters that were witnessed in the society were a testimony of God’s anger. He noted that people had to return to God in an effort to avert the agricultural and economic troubles that were being experienced (Kessler, 2002, p 17).

He argued that the people had to begin the building of the temple of God. This was in an effort to enable the rains fall and increase the productivity of land (Parker and Dubberstein, 1956, p 17).

Haggai’s message was well received and accepted by the people of Israel. The prophet assured them that God had not abandoned them similar to the case in the past during the migration from Egypt.

The old generation was consumed by the nostalgic tendencies. They could not find any comparison of the new temple with the great temple of Solomon (Bleek, Friedrich, Johannes Friedrich Bleek, Kamphausen, and Venables, 1869, p 49).

Haggai told the people that the new temple was of great importance. He asserted that the glory that was going to be witnessed in the new temple was going to be more than that of the temple of Solomon (Pusey, 1950, p 67). It is noted that:

Gold, silver and other symbols of material prosperity that decorated the first temple would pale into insignificance compared to the shalom of the Lord that would fill this second temple, one that itself was only preparatory to the great eschatological temple in which the Lord Himself will dwell (Merrill, Rooker


Gender Differences in Nursing Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Gender differences in nursing




Introduction For a long time, nursing has been associated with the female gender. The first nurses were women, and the trend has continued for years without substantial change.

The profession grew from a point of care provision to a recognized profession and the roles changed. Though it has been proved that the satisfaction of the patient is not related to the gender of the nurse, still there are findings that illustrate support the argument1.

This paper seeks to show why the profession has been dominated by women and why there are low men recording especially in the US and Canada.

Gender differences in nursing The issue of gender in the nursing profession within Canada and the US needs to be examined. Some studies have suggested that the patient satisfaction in some instances has a very slight link with the nurse’s gender.

The career patterns between male and female nurses have been very distinct before, but the two have a shared link now. Women in their career patterns are said to take up lateral moves.

On the contrary, men make linear career moves. This means that a woman is likely to spend much time in one career compared to a man.

For instance, a female nurse will spend much time in the nursing before training for another post. This is commonly known as the certificate gathered syndrome which mostly affects women2.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the contrary, men are taking up the linear career whereby they consider a career in which flexibility is fostered. Men are not grossly affected by the certificate gathered syndrome like women3.

In the nursing context, the option for nurses to stick to the nursing career is based on many factors. The dominance of females has not been willful, but inevitable. There are findings which suggest that female nurses have certificate gatherer syndrome.

This is because the dynamics of the labor markets affect women and men differently. The study of both literal and linear career paths show that the issue of minority men in nursing is due to the structural labor markets that favor men than women.

The most stated reason for the differences in the population of men and women in nursing career is the children career breaks that are experienced by both men and women. The period taken by women and men to attain nursing status is distinct4.

The labor markets in the United States and Canada present a dilemma to men in relation to choosing nursing profession as a career.

The nursing labor division is characterized by unqualified persons, and the payment for the unskilled has been exceedingly low. Nursing in the United States has been considered a career for the less skilled individuals.

Therefore, many men than women find it hard to advance in nursing. With the minimal hopes of advancement, few men have reluctantly joined nursing. The under-representation of men in the nursing career within the US and Canada illustrates an imbalance that should be addressed.

We will write a custom Essay on Gender Differences in Nursing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There are prevailing stereotypes about nursing. This cannot be ruled out since it has an influence on the Canadian and United States men on their choice of career. The nursing career has continuously been associated with caring and submission.

Large numbers of men think that these traits are for women. In addition, the notion that joining the profession will make them look unmanly has made it hard for men to take up the nursing career5.

There are notions in the United States and Canadian society’s that perceive men as strong and aggressive. The foregoing statement shows that nursing is not in conformity with the society’s expectations.

In a society whereby people are used to nursing being a woman’s job, it increasingly becomes hard for a man to get the society’s approval after becoming a nurse.

The said stereotypes may appear trivial, but they have played an influencing effect on the choices that men make regarding their careers.

In the reasoning of many men, it is unwise to choose a career with negative perceptions whereas there are other options. Approximately, over 94 per cent of nurses in the US, as well as Canada are female6.

The overwhelming perception that nurses are poorly paid has not helped in making nursing profession attractive to men. The notion is also evident in children’s understanding of the term.

They believe that a man cannot be a nurse. This is passed from one generation to another hence making men shun nursing completely.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Gender Differences in Nursing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion The foregoing literature shows that the nursing profession has been widely considered as a women career. There are stereotypes that have made it hard to have men joining this profession.

The stereotypes evident have continuously reduced the number of men joining the career. The Canadian and American nursing field is highly dominated by women due to the factors discussed above.

The negative stereotypes need to be address if the number of men joining the career is expected to go high.

Bibliography Andrews, Margaret M., and Joyceen S. Boyle.Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams


The HR, Employment Relations Strategies, Processes Adopted in the Fast Food Industries in the United States, Germany and Australia Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Introduction The fast-food industry has become extremely internationalized within the last three decades; such companies as McDonald’s or Burger King operate in countries that may have different political and legal systems, cultures, or even religions (Berberoglu 2002, p. 135).

This essay is aimed at comparing and contrasting the human resource and employment relations strategies used in such countries as the United States, Australia, and Germany.

These countries have been chosen because such examples can show how multinational corporations (MNCs) adapt to different legal systems, social values, and cultural environments.

For instance, the United States can be seen as a country where the fast-food industry first achieved enormous success in terms of financial performance. By looking at it, one can understand the origins of HR practices used in the fast-food industry.

In turn, Germany can be of great interest to business administrators because of its labour relations system that requires MNCs to develop more complex HR strategies and give more bargaining power to workers.

Finally, Australia is a state which places much emphasis on the corporate social responsibility of private businesses and one should see how companies adapt to these requirements.

Overall, it is possible to say that a MNC has to take into account such factors as the labour laws of a country, the degree to which workers are unanimous, and cultural values of a particular society.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Although, it may not be possible to develop a model that can fit every country, business administrators can identify a set of best practices that are related to staffing, training and development, remuneration, management, and industrial relations.

Theories related to HR practices in multinational corporations To a great extent, the success of international companies depends on their ability to improve or optimize every aspect of their performance. These organizations have to be concerned with the cost of their operations, especially labour expenses, and relations with customers.

These aspects of performance are of crucial importance to the fast-food industry which can be defined as a group of firms specialising on “branded” convenience food prepared in a place and meant for direct sale to retailers (Royle Towers 2002, p. 2).

Human resource management plays an important role for these organizations, because it ensures that a company can recruit and retain the employees who can effectively cope with the goals that the organization sets.

The first strategy is based on the convergence theory. According to this approach, cultural boundaries or distinctions can be eroded; therefore; similar HR models and approaches can be replicated across countries (Mcgaughey


Marketing audit Report (Assessment) essay help: essay help

Introduction Business enterprises usually asses their capability in the market by conducting audits. These are analytical procedure conducted to plan for the future needs of the market.

Market audits can be conducted by the company or with the assistance of an external entity. Analysis of Du indicates that the management will access the company’s capability within the UAE market. Du is a communication company that focuses on providing quality processes to its clients.

The organization has been providing its merchandise and services for close to six years meaning that information concerning the organization is available in the public domain. This piece presents an analysis of the findings after a marketing audit process of Du Company.

Scope and purpose of the report The report will analyze the forces controlling the activities of Du Company in the market. It is fundamental to acknowledge that information from the company’s website will be helpful in devising the most effective marketing strategy for the organization in the market.

The report presents an evaluation of the current situation of the company in the market. Moreover, the peripheral and internal forces that affect the activities of the company in the market are also analyzed independently (DU, 2012).

Company’s mission


The McDonald’s franchise Report (Assessment) a level english language essay help

The McDonald’s franchise is one of the best performing food service retailers in the world. This franchise has established outlets in various countries and serves a significantly large number of people.

It was Raymond Kroc‘s idea of franchising the McDonald’s, which was by then a single store, that catapulted it into the global scene. This considerable transformation attracts attention to the power of franchising if executed appropriately.

The McDonald’s franchise operates as a food service retailer with a particular interest in hamburgers, fries, chicken, breakfast items, salads and milkshakes. The business adopted the franchising concept upon the realization that the demand for their products was considerably increasing.

In this regard, it needed to expand its coverage and cater for more consumers. The McDonald’s uses agents to operate its outlets in different locations.

This strategy is crucial, especially concerning operations outside America, in reducing operation costs and maintaining the quality of products. In addition, it helps shied the business from various aspects of corporate exposure.

Despite the high demand for its products, the McDonald’s management ensures that prices remain affordable. Since even the low-income earners can afford McDonald’s products, the franchise has a huge customer base.

This has enabled the franchise to retain its market dominance. In addition, the management ensures consistency in all its outlets to maintain its products’ quality. This involves standard procedures regarding cooking and serving.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This strategy ensures the availability of labor as it is considerably easy for new employees to become acquainted with procedures and ensure timely services. The charges on franchisees are relatively low and thus favorable.

The McDonald’s policy requires franchisees to pay a commission of about 2 percent of their sales. This offer ensures the availability of labor for the business as it is attractive to a large number of potential franchisees.

Considering the rapidly changing market and consumer preferences, the McDonald‘s keeps revising its products to ensure they remain valid. Outside America, the McDonald’s ensures the integration of local cultures into its menu items.

To start a franchise in the food service industry, one has to incur various costs. The costs vary depending on factors such as the franchise type, location and equipments. In food retailing, the main consideration at entry is sufficient non-borrowed personal resources.

This is crucial concerning the setting up of an operation base. In addition, one has to pay the franchise fee, which ensures that the franchisee can use the franchisor’s brand and access support in various aspects such as marketing and training.

An Opportunity cost refers to the benefits forgone by producing a good or service. For example, considering a limited budget, allocating resources to a certain type of surgery means that other departments under the same pool of resources will operate under fewer resources and thus may not function effectively.

The Initial costs involved in purchasing a franchise are considerably higher than starting a business from scratch.

We will write a custom Assessment on The McDonald’s franchise specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, there are higher rates of return for operating a franchise since one deals with a product that is already in market, and the franchisor offers support in various aspects of business operations.

A startup business has to incur the costs associated with such options. The opportunity cost in this scenario is the benefits of a lower initial capital associated with a startup business that one forgoes owing to the long-term benefits associated with venturing into franchise business.


Pepsi and Coke Competition Case Study college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Porter’s five forces The degree of rivalry in the carbonated soft industry is highlighted by two major brands: Pepsi and Coke. These two companies account for 72% of market share while the rest of the market is covered by other organizations such as Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group and Cott Corporation.

Some private label products also contribute a small portion to the sales in this industry. Pepsi has eroded Coke’s market share in the past through low prices and aggressive promotion efforts.

In the 60s and 70s, Pepsi marketed itself as being the preferred brand, which caused a substantial reduction in Coke’s market share. Coke on the other hand has altered its product contents and prompted Pepsi to do so as well.

In terms of substitution as a Porter’s-five force, Coke and Pepsi have to deal with numerous substitutes for carbonated drinks.

Some of them may include bottled water, juice, tap water, powdered drinks, milk, beer, spirits, sports drinks and coffee. In the past, these substitutes were not a threat because consumers stayed loyal to Pepsi and Coke.

However, the substitutes are a strong factor in the industry because of health and environmental consumers.

Pepsi and Coke have responded to the threat of substitutes by producing those products themselves. The firms have ventured into juice, bottled water and coffee over the past few years.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Pepsi and Coke’s main buyers are bottlers, who purchase concentrate and package it in plastic or canned containers. The bottlers do not have as much power as the concentrate makers because they cannot negotiate concentrate prices.

Coke has a contract that establishes maximum prices for its concentrate while Pepsi determines prices on the basis of the consumer price index. It often exceeds market rates and thus has the final say.

Furthermore, because Coke and Pepsi give bottlers exclusive territorial rights, then bottlers cannot diversify their portfolio by selling products from competing brands. Their buyers are restricted to their either Coke or Pepsi.

One of the most significant barriers to entry in the carbonated soft industry is trademark domination. Coke and Pepsi have invested substantial amounts in development of their trademarks through intense advertising, bottler support, and product development.

New companies do not have the capital or ability to match such strategies. Negotiations made between the two major carbonated soft drink makers (Pepsi and Coke) and national retailers like Wal-Mart ensure that these firms dominate shelf space. New players may find it difficult to penetrate into such airtight deals.

The main suppliers in the carbonated industry are high fructose corn syrup manufacturers, food coloring industrialists, citric acid producers, caffeine makers and flavor manufacturers.

The citric acid or the food coloring industry has several small players who make it difficult for them to exert influence on large buyers like Coke and Pepsi. Therefore, supplier power is relatively weak in the soft drink industry.

We will write a custom Case Study on Pepsi and Coke Competition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Responses How Coke and Pepsi compete

The two companies initially competed as friendly rivals (between 1970 and the mid 1990s). Pepsi prompted Coke to avoid complacency and continually improve its business efforts. Likewise, Coke caused Pepsi to become more innovative and thus successful.

This level of friendliness was permissible because both companies enjoyed increasing profits. However, that competiveness lost its agreeableness when both firms lost market share among the carbonated soft drink consumers.

In the 1970s, Coke altered its marketing strategies in response to the efforts made by Pepsi. It changed concentrate pricing and advertising strategies when Pepsi claimed to offer a superior cola to theirs.

Pepsi on the other raised the prices of its concentrate shortly after Coke did. Therefore, these companies compete through alteration of products, supply chain and distributional management and changes in marketing.

Product differentiations

In terms of carbonated drinks, Coke’s main product was its cola brand, but it has several other flavors such as Sprite, Fanta, Diet Coke and Tab. Similarly, Pepsi also started with the cola version then introduced other flavors such as Diet Pepsi, Teem, and Mountain Dew.

Both companies also diversified into non-carbonated drinks such as Minute Maid, Belmont Water and Duncan Foods for Coke and Lipton and Gatorade for Pepsi. Both firms have also introduced a number of diet products such as Diet Coke and Diet Pepsi. In the past decade, Pepsi and Coke have entered into the bottled water market.

Regardless of large investments in various soft drink and non carbonated industries, the most successful products are still the initial ones. Pepsi Cola and Coca Cola are still the most profitable products for both organizations.

The move into unconventional drinks was driven by changes in market trends as well as pressure from the US government.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Pepsi and Coke Competition by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Channels used by Pepsi and Coke

Both companies have a distribution channel that consists of bottlers and retail channels. However, the organization of these channels differs substantially in both companies. Pepsi has a preference for retail outlets while Coke has sold its products through fountain sales (dominates 69% of this market).

Nonetheless, both firms have competed for fountain sales by acquiring restaurant franchises. Coke worked hand in hand with McDonalds and Burger King while Pepsi purchased KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell.

Both organizations purchased fountain equipment for these restaurants, as well. Pepsi and Coke also utilize the vending channel for distribution and have both done relatively well here.

Bottlers are also a crucial part of the distribution channel for both companies. At Pepsi, deals with bottlers are more flexible, especially in terms of pricing. Coke tends to exert greater control over prices by charging flat prices for concentrate.

These organizations have retained control over their bottling networks through consolidation. Coke started by created a bottling subsidiary in 1986 that would purchase ailing bottling franchises and revive them.

Currently about three quarter of Coke’s bottling is handling by this subsidiary. Similarly, Pepsi also started bottling consolidation by purchasing most of its bottlers like MEI Bottling and General Cinema. Now, 56% of Pepsi’s bottling is done internally.

Why the soft drink industry has been so profitable and whether it is changing

Profitability stemmed from a number of factors. First, the distributional arrangements were made in a way that favored concentrate makers. They had control over concentrate pricing, location of bottlers as well as advertising and promotion.

Pepsi and Coke were also successful because at the time, carbonated drinks were a favorite for most North Americans. Few of them had objections with the product content and there were minimal alternatives in the market.

Profitability has reduced dramatically in the soft drink industry. This stems from health concerns. Numerous consumers feel that high fructose corn syrup is detrimental to their health. Government programs are designed to punish soft drink makers through excessive taxation.

These charges stem from initiatives aimed at fighting obesity. Furthermore, traditional institutions, such as high schools, that sold most of Coke and Pepsi’s vending machines have banned them. Now the organizations have minimum distributional avenues for their products.

Both firms have also ventured into non carbonated drinks such as bottled water and juices. These new ventures do not elicit as much brand loyalty as carbonated drinks.

Therefore, the companies dedicated a substantial share of their resources to these new products, yet they did not enjoy anticipated returns. Non profitability of products other than soft drinks affects the success of soft drinks because little capital is left to invest in them.

Non profitability has also emerged from the poor management of international business. Some countries impose excessive foreign exchange controls, unfavorable trade regulations and advertizing restrictions.

How Coke and Pepsi can stay profitable

The major cause of concern among both organizations is the health campaign against soft drinks. Pepsi and Coke ought to identify the sources of high sugar content in its products and then work on developing alternatives.

However, the companies should still maintain the taste that made those products so likeable initially. Pepsi is already doing this through its Pepsi Throwback brand and Mountain Dew Throwback brand.

Now the company ought to go back to the public and inform them about the changes it has made to these products. Coke has also initiated its own changes through the use of a stevia-based additive. Aggressive marketing campaigns should be done to win back traditional clients such as school institutions.

Both organizations have already realized that non-carbs have a lot of growth potential. This can be seen by their acquisition of energy drink companies as well as vitamin water firms.

The two organizations now need to build their brands around these sectors by following the same strategies that they employed to make their carbonated drinks so popular.

Consumers need to recognize the zero-carbs products in the same way that they recognized the other ones in the past.

Although diversifying into other products is a plausible idea, these organizations should not focus on bottled water. There is minimal room for differentiation in the bottled-water industry as the product is quite basic.

In fact, low differentiation explains why consumer loyalty for Coke and Pepsi’s water declined sharply over the past few years. Consumers tend to buy the least expensive brand if a product is not highly differentiated.

Pepsi and Coke should also deal with some of the environmental concerns that customers have about their products. They need to place their products in biodegradable packages.

Product development experts should also anticipate consumer complaints through market research and respond to demand before the external environment forces them to do so.

The two companies need to refine their international expansion strategies. These organizations need to rethink their bottling strategies in global markets. Most North American bottling is directly handled by the company’s bottling subsidiary, and this has given the company reasonable control over its product.

The same model should be replicated in different international markets. This would mean that the company will not lose any of its profits to third parties who keep demanding for new things. The company should start with developed nations and then transfer consolidation to developing ones.


Why is it important to study management in a critical, questioning way? Essay essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

No general rules useful for all

Cultural Issues

Moral Rules


Reference List

Introduction Management is important in the modern world and it is impossible to imagine modern business life without management. However, accepting management as an essential and inevitable part of the modern business world, many people are sure that it is important to study management in a critical, questioning way.

I definitely agree with this statement and I am going to prove that management is a discipline which is to be learnt only in a critical way as only in this case it is possible to understand the real value of the issues.

Trying to prove this view point, I will use the ideas scholars who tried to understand the nature of management. In the first section, I will dwell upon the absence of the general strategies (Mintzberg 1971) which can fit all the situations, therefore, critical and questionable consideration of the issue is obligatory.

The second section will be devoted to the pressure of management on cultural peculiarities and the negative effect of it (Klein 2001). In this case the absence of the questionable approach to management ay lead to the contradiction of the most important aspects to the cultural peculiarities and the conflicts are inevitable.

Finally, the third section of this essay is going to be devoted to the problems of moral vision of different people and the critic approach to management as the only way to make sure that the mission and vision of the company correspond to the employees’ moral qualities (Jackall 1988).

Therefore, the main idea of this essay is to show that the absence of the general rules in management which are beneficial for all companies, cultural barriers and moral issues are the main reasons why management should be studies in a critical, questioning way.

No general rules useful for all Mintzberg (1971) points to the fact that management is a universal discipline however, this universality is seen only when general principles are discussed. Management is an art aimed at creating supportive relationships between people and making those work.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is impossible to create the healthy environment in the organization without paying attention to the company specifics. There are a lot of different principles of management and each scholar who has developed personal approaches tries to prove that his/her vision of the contemporary management is the only correct.

Such vision of the situation creates the conditions for making the management studying critical and questionable.

When students question each theory, they begin to understand that there are no specific rules which may be used, they see that each situation requires creative thinking and people need to be treated depending on their personal qualities.

Students should understand that putting under the question each theory they are going to apply to their own business, they will have an opportunity to understand how good this theory fits the business principles, how the employees are ready to work in the new conditions, and how each of the employees is ready to perform the tasks guaranteed by the new guidelines.

Individual approach to each of the employees is essential. When dealing with the main principles of management, the leaders are to dwell upon the most essential parts with the employees trying to understand their reaction.

Students should understand that a good leader considers personal qualities of each employee and does all possible to make sure that the management principles of the company suit him/her.

Human resource management is an important issue in management as a discipline and absence of the critical vision of the problems prevents from creating the conditions for personal employees development.

We will write a custom Essay on Why is it important to study management in a critical, questioning way? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More I am sure that successful organization of the work in the company is possible when each of the employees understand his/her place in organization.

And it is impossible to achieve any of these results without criticizing the general management rules based on unknown conditions. Thompson and McHugh (2003) agree with the issue.

Finally, if management is studied in a questionable manner, people are encouraged to search for new ways of coping with the problems.

Therefore, the general principles are modified, innovated and changed. Modern world is changing, the principles of work are changing too.

Therefore, if the employees critically consider the management principles, if they try to apply the positions discussed in the book to the company specific conditions, such people will be great contributors to the company development (Edwards, P. and 2005).

While studying management, students should understand this and it is the responsibilities of a teacher to make sure that students are inspired to changing the general rules of management trying to make those effective under peculiar conditions.

Creativity is an important issue in management and students should understand that only putting under the question the effectiveness of each of the principles, of each of the recommendations given by the teachers helps create the strong developmental plan of management functioning and each of students who takes this plan for consideration should question it to reach the ideal planning for specific conditions.

Cultural Issues Bakan (2004) in his The Corporation tries to show that management, when put is specific measures, is really harmful. Those people who blindly follow the principles of management cannot understand what they really need and in makes those aggressive, ineffective and legging behind.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Why is it important to study management in a critical, questioning way? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Students should get to know the most important practical principles of management to make sure that the ideas presented by this or that scholar do not contradict the cultural perspectives.

Studying management, each of the students is going to question him/herself unconsciously about the fitting of the management issues to their personal beliefs. Many people are not ready to work contrary to their personal considerations.

This is exactly what Klein (2001) talked about. Management has become the discipline which tries to stress personal cultural consideration. Trying to make people follow one specific guideline, scholars make people to correspond to the personal beliefs of those who have created these issues.

Only applying to critical studying of management and trying to ask constantly about the correspondence of each of the management principles to personal beliefs helps avoid the problem of pressure of management on human culture.

Klein’s (2001) belief is based on the fact that those who develop management ideas to not think about the peculiarities of the country, they try to make all the companies similar by means of following the same rules.

This is not correct. Only questionable and critical consideration of each of the models applied to the company may help avoid pressure.

Following blindly the principles of management of another model offered for improving the company organization leads to subjection to the principles of one particular country (Waddell, Jones, and George 2011).

In this case critical perception of management helps to understand what the problem is, why it should be considered by this particular model and what should be done to make sure that the model is going to work.

Returning to the main idea of management and trying to understand the importance to reconsider critically the models applied to the organization, it is crucial to remember the human resource management. No matter what principles are used, they are directed at people.

If human cultural principles are pressed, if people appear in the conditions when they are to decide whether to continue working in a strange environment with foreign principles or to quit, many people would choose to leave the position.

Only critical consideration of the applied models may help conserve the traditional and cultural values of employees.

The measure is really important for Eastern countries where cultural significance is too high and top managers cannot betray their culture.

Moral Rules Morgan (2006) is sure that moral and ethical conflicts at the organization is not a surprise and having considered the tendencies of the previous years, this problem becomes a norm even though the company managers try to avoid it.

If management theories are not considered critically before applying those to the company they will suffer from “the ethical, moral and other conflicts that people can experience in maintaining authenticity and integrity in the modern workplace, including the suffering experienced by whistleblowers and the corrosion of characters by those forced to confront” (Morgan 2006, p. 401).

Therefore, in case moral issues the management tries to apply on people in the company do not correspond to the specifics of the moral considerations of people, the conflicts are inevitable with the reduction of the company prosperity and growth.

Many conflicts have appeared with the spread of the management from the Western countries with the stress on the moral peculiarities of those nations.

Clegg, Kornberger, and Carter (2006) also stress the idea of the moral discrepancy of many management models to the moral vision of many people. When dealing with the management model, it must be questioned from the point of view of the company ethical norms.

Following Jackall’s (1988) vision of management and its correspondence to the moral issues, each time the new approach is used it should be modified in accordance to the moral values of those who are going to work with this model.

Moral correspondence of the model is important as living in a free and democratic world, people are guaranteed to have the freedom of personal considerations. When the employer tries to make employees to work contradicting personal intentions, the law is violated.

It is important to pay attention to the specifics of the moral values of the employees before applying the management ideas into action, and the only way to do it is to critically assess management issues.

Morality is a complicated notion which cannot be conserved one for all. All people even within one and the same country may have various considerations of morality.

Management presupposes the restriction of human ideas in some content as people are to submit to one specific line of action. However, it should not violate moral principles of people.

Critical assessment of the management ideas and appropriate analysis of their application to a specific company’s norms may help avoid conflicts on the moral theme.

When management approaches are questioned, people are able to see the wrong aspects and apply the issues to the situation

Conclusion Therefore, it may be concluded that management should be considered from the critical way as only in this case it is going to be successfully applied to the particular situation in the specific company.

This conclusion was achieved by means of considering management issues from the point of view of the absence of the generally prosperous models, of the difficulties in the cultural sphere and moral vision.

The firs section of the essay was devoted to the absence of the general perspectives on management and the critical view of the management models were considered as an opportunity to subject the model to the company strategy, pay attention to the individual characteristics of the employees and to encourage creativity as one of the main issues of success.

The second section was devoted to different cultures and the necessity to reconsider the management approach before applying it is another country different from the model author’s native one.

Finally, the last section was considered to moral values and the important to question the morality of the management theories before applying those in the company.

The questionable and critical ways of considering management models help make those work successfully on the maximum. Criticizing the issues, managers are able to find faults, if they are, and to improve the model having made it corresponding to the company needs.

Reference List Bakan, J 2004, The Corporation, Constable, London.

Clegg, S, Kornberger, M,


Endothermic and Exothermic Animals Essay cheap essay help

The laws of evolution dictate the definite rules to the living beings of the natural world. Thus, the high level of adaptation abilities can be considered as the decisive factor for many animals which is necessary for them to survive and be flexible under the influence of the extreme environmental conditions.

The necessity to survive is also associated with the necessity to participate in the natural intraspecific competition. In this case, the history of evolution discusses the question whether endothermic animals are better suited than exothermic animals to survive under these conditions of the natural competition.

Although the forms of thermoregulation of both the endothermic and exothermic animals are different, their systems complete the same function of the thermoregulation. That is why the possibilities of the adaptation of endothermic and exothermic animals can be compared only according to the peculiarities of fitting these systems to the concrete environmental and ecological situation.

To understand the peculiarities of the thermoregulation system of the both types of animals, it is necessary to focus on the definitions of endothermic and exothermic animals. Endothermic animals have the ability to generate their own metabolical heat and not to receive it from the environments.

The temperature of the bodies of these animals is generally constant. Exothermic animals receive the heat from the external sources. They cannot generate their own heat and use the energy of the sun. The temperature of their bodies can vary according to the temperature characteristics of the surroundings (Bekoff


The article overview Kirkman, B.L., Rosen, B., Gibson, C.B., Tesluk, P.E., best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Key points

Follow-on research


Reference List

The article in question dwells upon major challenges that virtual teams face. The researchers state that in the mid-1990s many companies launched virtual teams which could operate globally. Kirkman et al. (2002, p. 67) also provide a particular definition: virtual teams are “groups of people who work interdependently with shared purpose across space, time, and organization boundaries using technology to communicate and collaborate”.

The researchers also claim that in the contemporary globalized world the number of virtual teams will increase “exponentially” (Kirkman et al., 2002, p. 68). To define major challenges virtual teams face, the researchers analyzed experiences of sixty-five “cross-functional virtual teams at Sabre” (Kirkman et al., 2002, p. 68).

These virtual teams are based in Canada and in the USA note that virtual teams with more than five hundred members (each team is comprised by eight people, on average). The researchers note that the virtual teams are highly interdependent. Notably, Kirkman et al. (2002) stress that the more cross-functional a team is, the less productive the team becomes.

The researchers then focus on the five challenges virtual teams at Sabre face. It is important to note that the challenges are concerned with the “dimensions of virtuality” (Kirkman et al., 2002, p. 69). Thus, the first challenge is building trust within virtual teams. The second challenge the researchers dwell upon is concerned with the group-process.

The third challenge is virtual isolation. Admittedly, some virtual team members can feel lack of interpersonal communication, which can negatively affect their productiveness. The forth challenge is “balancing technical and interpersonal skills among virtual team members” (Kirkman et al., 2002, p. 73).

Thus, many employers ignored employee’s communication skills, as they focused on their employees’ technical skills. This approach proved to be ineffective. Finally, the fifth challenge is virtual team performance assessment. The researchers also reveal measures undertaken by Sabre. These measures can help other companies to solve existing problems.

Key points Admittedly, the major findings of the article are the challenges and lessons learnt. Thus, the first challenge defined by the researchers is building trust in virtual teams. Admittedly, face-to-face interaction contributes greatly to the development of trust among the members of the team.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Of course, the development of technology enables team members interact (video conferences, etc.). Though, it can hardly be enough. Kirkman et al. (2002) reveal a very important observation. Appropriate responsiveness can compensate the lack of face-to-face interactions. Team members tend to trust members who respond to messages quickly and properly.

The next challenge (i.e. group process) is also easy to address. Thus, Sabre launches annual meetings where various team building activities are held. One more way out is to provide certain training facilities for team members. Sabre has a great online training facility which addresses the second challenge. Admittedly, this is a winning tool as it is cost effective.

The third challenge (i.e. virtual isolation) is also addressed at Sabre. Thus, the perspective employees fulfill psychological tests which help the managers understand whether isolation can be a problem for an applicant. More so, employees can choose between the two work types. These are very effective measures as it is clear from the very start whether an individual can become an effective virtual team member.

The fourth challenge (i.e. balancing employees’ skills) is also effectively addressed at Sabre. Thus, the HR specialists pay a lot of attention to both technical skills and communication skills. This ensures that virtual team members will be able to cooperate with other team members and will be able to communicate with clients if necessary.

The fifth challenge (i.e. performance assessment) is also addressed at Sabre. Thus, the company has developed a number of quantitative measures to assess virtual team members. Some of these measures are evaluating clients’ satisfaction and evaluating cycle time. Notably, these quantitative measures eliminate any biases which can be present while assessing team members during personal communication. Thus, the challenges defined are effectively addressed at Sabre.

Follow-on research It is necessary to note that lots of surveys have been carried out since the article in question was published. However, a lot of articles dwell upon the points discussed by Kirkman et al. (2002). This confirms that the article in question provides valuable insights into the development of effective virtual teams.

Thus, Kirkman et al. (2002) mention the necessity to build trust among virtual team members. Brandl and Neyer (2009) claim that building trust is one of the most important challenges to address as the contemporary global world presupposes collaboration of people pertaining to different cultures.

We will write a custom Essay on The article overview Kirkman, B.L., Rosen, B., Gibson, C.B., Tesluk, P.E.,


Global Economy: Fiscal Policies in US Essay college essay help near me

Table of Contents The meaning of Fiscal Policy

Instrument of fiscal policies

The fiscal policy stance in the 2011-2012 Federal Budget

Suitability of the Australian government’s fiscal policy stance

List of References

The meaning of Fiscal Policy Fiscal policy refers to the use of government revenue and expenditure to influence the economy. It relates to development guidelines where all welfare projects have to be completed. Essentially, fiscal policies influence macroeconomic activities by balancing tax and public spending.

Two examples of these fiscal policies include taxation and government expenditure, which aim at funding development functions, as well as, enhancing equality. Such policies curb inflation, and in the end increase employment and maintain the value of money (Perry 2008). In addition, proper fiscal policies determine the pace of the country’s economic growth. However, should there be a lack of restraint to the economic growth money will soak the market thereby leading inflation.

Instrument of fiscal policies Taxation policies are the main government techniques for influencing the economy, as well as a weapon for saving a collapsing economy. The government uses taxation and spending to influence economic activities by increasing and reducing it. Taxation is the main source of income for the government.

The most common method of taxation is direct taxation. Other forms of taxation include personal taxes, value added tax, fees levied on licenses and permits, as well as, fines. The introduction of tax cuts helps in stimulating aggregate demand (Krug 2011, 34-5).

If the government increases taxes, the public will be heavily burdened, which will reduce their production and purchasing power. On the other hand, if the government decreases taxes, money supply will be high. This will then lead to high inflation. A reduction in taxes will increase disposable income and households will end up consuming the money that should have been taxed.

An increase in taxes will also affect businesses. It will lower the profit margin and hence lead to an increase in production. Increased production will increase the demand for raw material and laborers. Therefore, there will be an increase in employment and the money earned will increase the level of income in the economy.

There is the need to analyze taxation policy in order to avoid inflationary tendencies. Additionally, it is the mandate of all policy makers to use the power vested in them by the state to maintain a stable economy. This is because stability centres on the kind of macroeconomic policies made.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another tool used by the government as fiscal policy is government expenditure, which are recurrent and development. Various development expenditures include opening education institution, building and maintaining infrastructure. On the other hand, recurrent expenditure involves paying salaries to the civil service and employing a new workforce.

An increase in the government expenditure goes to economic development, paying wages and salary, which involves changing the budget. Investing in infrastructure development requires skilled and casual labourers to complete the projects. This creates direct employment opportunities for the people involved in construction work and other indirect opportunities for those supplying services and logistics to the building process.

The employed citizens, either directly or indirectly, earn wages and salaries, which increase their ability to purchase goods, and hence an increase in aggregated demand. In addition, the government can increase spending on education hence increase the skills and knowledge of its citizens. In the end, government will increase the employment to its people.

Deficit financing policy is another example of fiscal policy, although not popular. This happens when the government expenditure is more than its revenue; the deficit can be filled when and if the central bank decides to issue new currency (Baumol


To what extent, and how, do the traditional theories of employment relations help us to understand conflict in the modern Australian workplace Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Introduction Practitioners and scholars consider workplace relations as part of the core elements of any industrial relations system. With regard to the nature of this relationship, scholars who seek to explain why certain things such as conflicts or misunderstandings often take place in this relationship have developed a number of theories.

In a broad sense, there are three perspectives that seek to explain the nature of the employment relationship. These are the Unitarist perspective, the Marxist perspective, and the Pluralist perspective. According to each of these perspectives, certain assumptions exist with the purpose of clarifying the type of the relationship between the employer and employees (Abbot 2006, p. 187).

This paper aims at discussing how the traditional employment relationship theories that rely on the three perspectives help in understanding of the conflicts that often occur in the modern Australian workplace.

Employment relations in Australia Several competing theoretical views are present in the discipline of employment relations. As posited by Bray et al. (2009, p.5), employment relations is a complex aspect that should not be taken lightly. This assertion perhaps, may be confirmed by recent strikes in Australia.

Some of these strikes include the 22 September 2011 strike, by more than 3000 workers in Toyota Australia, who were against a proposed wage increase, which does not match the ever-increasing annual cost of living. Another outstanding strike occurred in Qantas Airlines, on 29 October last year, after workers went on a go-slow in opposition of a proposed outsourcing plan and restructuring which would undoubtedly lead to job cuts across the region.

The different perspectives and the traditional employment relation theories therein help in the understanding of the various concepts and activities such as conflicts that are involved in the employment relationship in the Australian workplace. The 2006 amendment of the Workplace Relations Act of 1996 cemented the categorization of Australian workplace conflicts despite its being considered as artificial by Abbot (2006, p. 195) since even most of the interpersonal conflicts experienced recently are based on the perception of a right.

According to Bray et al. (2009, p. 12), non-union employee representation within the country can be the major concern for management if there is no potential for any development. A huge number of neoclassical economists hold the claim that trade unions in Australia are responsible for the unnecessary increasing costs of labour, as well as the marring productivity (Dabscheck 2005, p. 145).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, one should note that, regardless of the perspectives that given scholars and practitioners take in explaining the employment relations, in most instances, the common conclusion is that harmonious relationships between the workers and employers, as well as the perfect management of conflicts in the Australian workplace, always lead to an increase in productivity (Astor,


COBIT vs. ITIL: A Comparison of Two IS/IT Governance Frameworks Report essay help: essay help

Introduction Information is a major aspect of all organizations and business firms (Brooks, 2006). This information is in terms of strategic plans, organisation’s financial outlines, consumer database, investors’ information and returns on investments. Others include suppliers’ information, intelligence information collected from competitors and employees’ information.

This information forms the core of any firm and its security greatly determines the survival of the organisation in the market. As a result of this, technological revolutions especially in information technology (IT) are vital to many organizations. Many organisations struggle to fit into the dynamic and changing market within which they operate.

Breach of security as far as information is concerned may greatly affect this adaptability. As a result of this, several information security and technological frameworks have been formulated to address the issue. These are frameworks such as ISO 38500 that allow managers to directly access and control this information.

In this paper, the author is going to discuss two main information frameworks namely the Control Objective of Information and related Technologies (herein referred to as COBIT) and IT Information Library (herein referred to as ITIL). The two are IS/IT governance frameworks. In addition, the author will shed light on some technical aspects of the frame works and an analysis of companies that use these frameworks.

Control Objective Information and related Technology (COBIT) Overview

Control Objective Information and related Technology is an international framework for information technology (IT) governance that helps managers to address daily business challenges in terms of technical issues, regulatory compliance and business ideas. They are able to strategically address these challenges and in the process able to achieve the organizational goals (ISACA, n.d). The main objective of the framework is to control information and enhance security of sensitive data as well as IT governance.

The first edition of COBIT was launched in the market in 1996 and the latest version dubbed COBIT 5 will be made available in 2012. This version is set to incorporate the features of earlier versions of COBIT and other products of ISACA.

COBIT version 4.1 has 34 high level objectives that are streamlined from 215 control objectives of the management. The four major domains that COBIT deals with are planning and organizing, acquisition and implementation, delivering and support as well as monitoring and evaluation (ISACA, n.d).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These domains improve IS/IT governance in a business firm by enhancing the security of information and analyzing the risks that the organization’s information is exposed to.

COBIT provides a common language through which managers and IT professionals can communicate. This is given the fact that it has an aspect of ‘sharing knowledge’. The toolset operated by the framework supports IT by defining and aligning the goals of a business organization with those of information technology.

Structural Aspects of COBIT

According to ISACA (n.d), COBIT has 34 high level processes. Each of these processes has numerical maturity level ranging from 0 to 5 where 0 is non-existent and 5 is optimal maturity. The scale is normally used as a key to evaluate the level of maturity within an organization. This is together with the level of “best practices considered” (ISACA, n.d: p. 3) and the level achieved by competitors. In summary, COBIT version 4.1 domains are as follows:

Planning and Organizing (PO) Domain

This domain ranges from PO1 to PO10 and addresses the tactics and strategies to identify how IT can contribute to the achievement of organisational objectives. This domain also acknowledges the need to strategically manage, plan and communicate the vision of the business entity from different perspectives. This is together with the relevant parties responsible for its realisation. Key to this domain is proper organization of technological infrastructure.

Acquiring and Implementing (AI)

This domain runs from AI1 to AI17. It provides that in order to achieve the objectives of IT, possible solutions to its shortcomings should be identified or acquired. The solutions should also be implemented and integrated into the daily business processes. Moreover, change and maintenance of COBIT systems is important as it affects the functioning of the system and its ability to achieve the organisational goals.

Monitoring and Evaluation (ME)

Abbreviated as ME, the third domain is the shortest domain running from ME1 to ME4. It exclusively addresses improvements of any IT process by stating that it needs to be assessed on a regular basis. This is to ensure that it complies with the control requirements. ME addresses performance management, compliance to external regulations, monitoring and evaluation of internal control systems and governance.

Delivering and Supporting (DC)

This domain tackles the concerns of actual delivery of required services. This includes security management and continuity, operational facilities, support service for users and data management. The domain runs from DS1 to DS13

We will write a custom Report on COBIT vs. ITIL: A Comparison of Two IS/IT Governance Frameworks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other subsidiary domains include:

Process Controls (PC)

This is a generic control requirement found on each COBIT process. It is identified as PCn (Process Control number). This domain works in conjunction with process control objectives. It is runs from PC1 to PC6.

Application Controls (AC)

COBIT assumes that the role of IT is to design and implement automated applications informed by the needs and requirements of the business. This subsidiary domain covers general IT controls with the help of Acquire and Implement domain. Together they create applications control.

Figure 1: A Model of COBIT Approach Domain, Arrangements and Key Functions

Source: ISACA (n.d)

IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) Overview

This is a strategically driven framework with a set of concepts that helps in managing, developing and operating information technology applications. ITIL serves as a platform for managers to align IT services with major business goals (ITIL, 2007). Therefore ITIL provides the linkage between operational guidelines and technical implementation of the same. It was developed by the Office of Government Commerce.

ITIL emphasises the importance of IT and how it can be customized to address the needs and requirements of a given organisation. This customization can be with respect to financial operations and strategic goals of the organisation. The aim is to ensure that IT is managed and governed effectively. ITIL is a registered trade mark in UK. The framework is provided as a set of eight (8) with topics on IT management (Brooks, 2006). The topics are as listed below:

Service Delivery

Service Input

ICT Infrastructure Management

Security Management

The Business Perspective.

Application Management.

Software Asset Management.

Planning to Implement Service Management

It is a leading IT service management framework which is used by government agencies and other top notch institutions and organisations such as NASA, IBM and Disney. It is an indication of how IT can be used to address business expectations. It operates along five core guidelines. These include identifying consumers’ needs and IT requirements as well as designing and implementing the IT policies required. Other guidelines include monitoring and improving the IT services.

Not sure if you can write a paper on COBIT vs. ITIL: A Comparison of Two IS/IT Governance Frameworks by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Users of ITIL enjoy a wide range of benefits which includes:

Reduction of costs associated with IT mishaps

Improved service delivery to consumers

Improved productivity

Improved service delivery to third parties

Improved use of IT skills and experience

Reduction in operational costs due to improved resources and reduced rework.

How Does ITIL Work?



Google analysis Research Paper argumentative essay help

Critical analysis of the current business performance and strategies Google has been performing very well since it was started. It recent years, it has become more entrenched leading to increased profitability. In 2009, it reported total revenue of $ 23.6 billion. In 2010, total revenue realized was $29.3 billion. At the end of last year, total revenue stood at 37.9 billion (GOOG Income Statement | Google Inc. Stock – Yahoo! Finance, 2012). As the figures suggests, the company has been growing very fast in terms of revenue.

The company capitalization stands at $198.06 billion against $18.83 billion for Yahoo, its chief competitor (GOOG Income Statement | Google Inc. Stock – Yahoo! Finance, 2012). Its stock has been rising in tandem with its good financial performance.

EPS is $33 compared to 0.88 for Yahoo. Gross margin is 64.88% while revenue growth for the last quarter was at 24.10%.

(GOOG Basic Chart | Google Inc. Stock – Yahoo! Finance, 2012)

As the above graph shows, the price of its stock has grown from around $ 540 mid last year to the current $ 600. This shows investor confidence in the company’s ability to maintain current good performance.

Google get the bulk of its revenues from advertisements placed on pages on its search engine results. It recently introduced a new revenue stream through what it called Google Cloud-a remote storage space for companies.

Source: Comscore

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Google leads the park as the search engine of choice in America. This explains its huge advertising revenue.

To achieve its current dominant position, Google has employed a number of strategies. The most notable is acquisitions. Between 2001 and 2004, the company focused primarily on search. From 2005 and 2007, it spent much time developing software, such as Google docs and android, which is productivity software (Girard, 2009).

It focused on advertisement on mobile devices, which included making YouTube profitable, in 2008 and 2009. From 2010 to the present, the company has been working on entering the phones market through purchase of Motorola, social networking with Google plus, and e-commerce through Google Cloud.

The company followed an acquisition strategy. It has bought out companies but avoided joint ventures. Most of its signature products were initiated from the firm, but where need arose, they hired targeted key people and acquired rights to technologies.

Google has always wanted to join the lucrative Smartphone market. The recent acquisition of Motorola was interpreted as an attempt to acquire patents by Motorola so that it can produce a Smartphone that can compete with Apple’s Iphone.

Proposed strategic plan Google is now a global company with its international operations accounting for a sizeable percentage of its revenue. Operating globally is challenging as it is exciting. Global landscape keep changing constantly and companies are coming up with strategies that will promote cultural alignment. To address the problem of working in a complex global cultural environment, a good cultural model should be adopted. For Google, the following strategic plan is proposed:

Adopt Hofstede’s Five Dimensions of Culture as a guide in entering new markets

Develop corporate cultural model based on the following factors identified by Terpstra and Kenneth (Tjosvold


King’s ‘The letter from Birmingham Jail’ Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

‘The letter from Birmingham Jail’ was written by king junior during his incarceration in the jail of Birmingham. This showed that despite the fact that he was lonely in the prison, his resolve to fight for the freedom of the black people was still strong. He says that he was in Birmingham because there was injustice.

By saying this, he means that regardless of the discrimination and racial prejudices that prevailed, he was prepared to fight for the freedom of the blacks. His letter was a response to another letter written by the clergy complaining about the demonstrations that were agitating for the freedom of the blacks.

King’s letter has the capacity to evoke patriotic feelings among the readers. He agrees that there are many states in the US but the cohesiveness of the nation as a single unit is vital. The constraint in the letter is that racism does not play any part in a nation that is united and one that focuses on progression.

Racial prejudices and discrimination have the impact of damaging the structure and foundation associated with the greatness of the US. He says that the oppressors do not give freedom voluntarily unless the oppressed fight for it. With reference to history, people in authority find it difficult to give up their positions and in most cases, they are corrupted by the power they yield. This leads to dictatorship that limits the freedom of people greatly.

King’s main issue in his letter is racial discrimination and the injustices that the black people are exposed to. He is concerned about the interrelatedness of all communities because according to him, injustice anywhere is injustice everywhere. As a result, he is fighting for the emancipation of the black population and other colored people in the United States.

He claims that since the clergy is not willing to listen to them and give them their rights, they have to show the importance of the matter by holding non-violent demonstrations. He says that there are just and unjust laws and tries to distinguish between the two. He does this in a bid to ensure that there are no laws that perpetuate racial discrimination.

With regard to the letter from the clergy, the main issue is the demonstrations being held by the oppressed who support King. They claim that the activities being spearheaded by king are untimely and unwise. In their letter, they strongly argue against the demonstrations taking place.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They say that the habit of holding demonstrations is not the right way to address the issues the blacks want to be addressed. According to them, the action taken by king and his associates is untimely. This is basically because they have not given the new administration of the city enough time to act. Instead, they have resorted to extreme actions. Although the demonstrations are non-violent, the clergy is of the view that they will eventually precipitate violence hence they should be stopped.

The claim by the clergy that the demonstrations will trigger violence although they are peaceful is a fallacy. According to them, the end result of the demonstrations will be violence. King uses rebuttal to convince them that non-violent demonstrations cannot lead to violence. He tells them that this is not a logical assertion and uses analogies. For instance, he says that it is similar to condemning a person who has been robbed because the fact that he had money caused the robbery.

In King’s letter, the support comes from the associates and the oppressed people who feel that they should not continue to live in oppression. After so many years of suffering, the black people have come out in support of king by saying that they must be granted their freedom.

The oppressor does not give freedom willingly unless it is demanded by the oppressed. The warrant in the letter is that the teachings of Christ manifest themselves slowly. King uses biblical allusions as a form of backing in his letter. He refers to biblical characters that were determined to leave their home villages in order to liberate their people. He likens himself to them and says that he will leave his hometown to ensure that all people are free.

The letter from the clergy has its support in the argument that the actions of King and his associates are wrong and should not take place. They support their argument by saying that the actions are untimely and unwise because the new administration should have been given some time to take action.

There warrants and backing is based on the law. They use the law to shield themselves and prevent the demonstrations from taking place. According to them, the law prohibits such demonstrations hence they are able to take action against demonstrators on its basis.

One unethical quality that is evident in the letter by the clergy is that it tries to silence the demonstrators not because there is a good reason to do it, but simply because there is racial discrimination. The act of preventing them from demonstrating is aimed at ensuring that they never get their rights. It is unethical for human beings to deny their fellow human beings their rights.

We will write a custom Essay on King’s ‘The letter from Birmingham Jail’ specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The second unethical issue in the letter written by the clergy is that it is morally wrong for the church to be an instrument of oppression. On the contrary, churches are expected to be on the forefront in fighting for the rights of all people and ensuring that justice prevails everywhere. Their act of trying to oppress people is therefore unethical.

In kings’ letter, one of the unethical issues is his constant blame on the church. He argues that he was raised in the church and he is still a minister of the gospel. It is unethical that he has identified many flaws in the church yet he has been part of the church and has never taken any action to correct the ills that are prevalent in the same church.

The second unethical issue that is evident in the letter is that King compares himself with biblical characters. Although he is very determined to fight for his cause, he might not be able to do what the biblical characters did or march their achievements.

It is factual that there is injustice which emanates from racial discrimination and that is why King is in jail. Since the clergy does not want to listen to the issues of the blacks and give them their rights, the only option is to fight for their freedom. King’s letter is effective because it highlights the concerns of the black people and points out where the clergy has gone wrong.

It is more effective than the one written by the clergy in that it gives facts and highlights the things that the clergy should have considered before raising there issues. While King’s letter is elaborate, the one written by the clergy is sketchy and does not give convincing reasons for its arguments.


Calculators in education Essay writing essay help

Benefits of using calculators Calculators are crucial because they enable students to cover the syllabus in time. This is because with the use of calculators it becomes fast to solve mathematics problem in less time and by use of little energy. Students are enabled to solve problems within given time. Students are able to practice a lot making them perfect problem solving.

This makes teachers and students to cover their course work in time. Calculators ensure accuracy is achieved in calculation. Students are relieved worries about mistakes which result in multiplying, dividing and carrying out of other operations manually. This ensures that the answer they obtain when using calculators is correct one. This boosts their grades making them achieve their future dreams.

A calculator makes mathematics to be enjoyable. Tedious paper work makes students hate mathematics but with the use of calculators students are able to solve mathematics easily. This makes them have a positive attitude towards mathematics which makes them perform well in this subject. Use of calculators makes students focus on steps needed to solve a problem which is believed to be important as the actual answer.

Some calculators such as graphical calculators in the classroom extend problem solving and mathematical comprehension by combining both practical and possible a crucial theory referred to as multiple linked representations. With calculators students are able to work with large numbers and decimals with ease and get accurate answers.

Teachers can use resource from the everyday life such as figures from supermarket sales and ask the students to solve. This makes students well equipped to face challenges found in real life. It also makes them see the relationship between calculations in class and real life situations. This cannot be possible without the use of calculators (Joseph, 2008).

Disadvantages of using calculators Calculators are considered to encourage student laziness. Many students take their calculation with little seriousness due to use of calculators. Students are aware that calculators are fast and; therefore, they spend most of their time idling instead of concentrating in grasping the concepts needed to solve problems.

Calculators simplify calculations a thing that make student with a disability to solve mathematics without difficulties. Visual nature of calculators’ display enables students to develop their own mental portraits making them recall how to solve a certain problem easily.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Calculators make students be used to them; this makes the students unable to solve mathematics in the absence of calculators. Students become fully dependent in calculators that they are unable to solve even basic problems without using calculators. This is not a pleasant thing because students do not always have calculator wherever he goes.

Calculators are not accepted in all exams this makes students who rely on computers fully to fail in these exams. Since not all schools allow use of calculators, incase a student who has been using calculator is transferred to this school he is unable to get the points got by other students.

This leads to frustration and development of negative attitudes towards mathematics which affect student career in the future. Some calculators can store numbers as well as formulas which students can use during examination time (Pomerantz, 1997). This may lead to students being expelled from schools and if he is not caught he would have an advantage over his fellow students.

This is unfair because he would get marks which he does not deserve. Calculators are expensive to buy this increases financial burden to parents and guardians. They are also small in size a thing that makes some students to hide and steal them. This may lead to constant loss, which is a burden to parents.

References Joseph, Y. (2008). Exploring Beliefs and Practices toward the Use ofCalculator among Singapore

Heads of Mathematics Department. Mathematics Education Journal , 11-13.

Pomerantz, H. (1997). The Role of Calculators in Math Education. Mathematical Journal , 22-24.

We will write a custom Essay on Calculators in education specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More


Applying a Gender Perspective to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): An Exploratory Study in the United Arab Emirates Research Paper college essay help online

Introduction Corporate Social Responsibility is the involvement of corporate bodies in the social aspects of life of people in the community in which the corporate exists. This practice holds the principle that the corporations are like public citizens responsible for the society and the environment.

The environment in this case is the people and the general stakeholders surrounding the business. This responsibility may not be of economic benefit to the company but enhances the image as well as perception, which the public has on the company. This social responsibility is nowadays popular in the United Arab Emirates. Many of the corporations have strategies and policies on how to handle the CSR activities through resources allocated for corporate social responsibilities (Habisch 20).

Research Objective. The objective of this research is to identify the differences between the male and females in awareness as well as support of Corporate Social Responsibility in UAE.

Literature Review. Corporate Social Responsibility is an important aspect in the recent years as corporate bodies attempt to improve their public image. The need to hold the corporate bodies accountable to the society in which they live in made many companies play their roles as public citizens. The social responsibilities that the corporate bodies have adopted proved that they are part of the society and their existence in a country does not only benefit the employees or the customers but also the communities in which they live (Griffin 12).

Corporate Social responsibility is of importance to the customers in the sense that it assists the companies to associate with the surrounding communities in a friendly manner. Before the introduction of corporate social responsibility initiatives, local people used see companies operating in their vicinity as predators of their resources and this did not augur well with companies as they sought lawsuits frequently from pressure groups and civil societies (Griffin 21).

The corporate social responsibility is an important concept because it has assisted in the preservation of the environment. Many companies engaged in activities of exploring natural resources look for ways to reinvigorate the natural resources through carbon trading initiatives where the companies fund countries for organizations involved in preservation of the environment (Griffin 27).

The other factor of importance in social corporate responsibility is that they provide a platform for companies to create positive public image. Other than creating a positive corporate image, CSR offers marketing opportunities to the companies engaged in CSR as the sponsorships. Activities by the corporate provide an opportunity to create awareness about the company products and reach out to potential customers (Griffin 32).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In United Arab Emirates, the latest entrants in the field of Social Corporate Responsibility are the oil mining companies. Most of the oil companies are multinationals and they therefore take the profits earned to their mother countries. The feeling that the companies should do something more to benefit the communities has led to the formulation of corporate social responsibilities harnesses.

United Arab Emirates is a great beneficiary of these initiatives of various multinationals operating in the country and in the Middle East. This is in consideration that UAE is one of the few stable counties in the Middle East and therefore enjoys huge investor confidence that attracts foreign investors in the country.

Despite the existence of various literatures vindicating existence of the CSR activities in UAE, few expound on the awareness and support of CSR activities in the UAE. The role played by gender in terms of supporting and implementation of the CSR activities is crucial in formulating strategies that will be of benefit to everyone (Habisch 64).

Islam is an invisible force in CSR activities since it is the main religion for UAQE nationals. The days which most of the corporate engage in the CSR activities is during the season of Ramadan. Companies use the mosques to make announcements to the locals on the initiatives they are engaging in especially if they need the participation of the local communities (Habisch 34).

The following are some of the companies found in UAE and the Corporate Social Responsibility activities. The First one is the Abu Dhabi National Oil Corporation, a major corporation in UAE. The organization sponsors the Camel race, a very popular annual event. The company provides funds to children with special needs through the ministry of labour. This is a good gesture and the funds are for educating and training the disabled children.

The other company involved in such sponsorships is the Porsche Dubai a company specializing in the sale of luxury vehicles. The company sponsors golf events in the country thereby creating social activities for the local community and enthusiasts of the luxury cars. The company sponsors racing events and the annual Tennis championships, which is a national event (Habisch 32).

Research Methodology. The research was to determine the awareness of the CSR events in the country. The qualitative and quantitative methods of research are applied in data collection. The first process in data collection was formulation of the questionnaires to collect information. The research used the Likert questionnaires to derive data from the questionnaires. The questionnaires had twenty questions and sampling was random although the sample was divided between the two genders equally (Fombrun 2).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Applying a Gender Perspective to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): An Exploratory Study in the United Arab Emirates specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Findings. The research found out that there was general awareness of the CSR activities in the country as both genders indicated that they knew about the companies that engaged in the social corporate activities. Both the genders indicated their perception to have the company need to place the interests of the society before their personal interest.

Most of the respondents especially women said that the corporate need to focus more on the environmental conservation. This opinion was more prevalent among the women with sixty percent of them strongly agreeing with the statement. However, lack of awareness on the role of social corporate responsibility was evident as forty per cent were undecided.

Concerning the issue of whether production of goods and services is more important than the corporate ethics; the males strongly agreed with the statement that ethics is important. Only two per cent were undecided. Indecision prevailed in this matter among women at eighty per cent.

Recommendation. Further research is imperative in this area to investigate why there is disparity in awareness of Corporate Social Responsibility. This is because from the research many women did not decide on whether they agreed or disagreed. This is due to lack of awareness of CSR activities.

As earlier indicated most of the activities engaged as CSR by corporate are in donations of charity or sponsorship of activities. Some of the activities sponsored have little or nothing to do with women especially the sporting activities. Further research should embark to know why CSR strategists focus on male activities and less on women activities (Habisch 93).

Conclusion Corporate Social Responsibility is integral part of the organizations and as organizations engage in those activities, it is imperative that they considered gender as an important factor. Otherwise, the activities may continue to perpetrate the suppression of one gender especially in the Unite Arab Emirates. The CSR activities provide an arena for the corporate to show what they stand for in the society.

Works Cited Fombrun, Carol. “The Value to Be Found in Corporate Reputation.” Financial Times, December 4, 2000. Print

Griffin, Jones. “The Corporate Social Performance and Corporate Financial Performance Debate.” Business and Society 36 (2007): 5–31. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Applying a Gender Perspective to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): An Exploratory Study in the United Arab Emirates by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Habisch, Arnold. Corporate Social Responsibility across Middle East. London: Springer Press, 2005. Print


Whether McDonald’s has increased its number of customers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) within a few a years Report college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Executive Summary McDonald’s Company has established, managed, and enhanced its business visions in United Arab Emirates (UAE) where it sells hamburgers and other fast-food products. The company was founded in 1940s in San Bernardino, California; nonetheless, it has its headquarters in Oak Brook, Illinois (USA).

McDonald’s has grown remarkably in the past decades. This report unveils whether the company has increased the number of its customers since its establishment in UAE in the recent past (Brady 2010, P. 106). It is evident that McDonald’s has enhanced its market penetration, regional visibility, and customer services in the region.

This is based on the findings of the research executed on this matter. The research unveils that most people are satisfied with the company’s services and business prospects. Precisely, McDonald’s has increased its market share in UAE. There are internal and external environmental factors that dictate its progress within the region. Internal factors affect the company intrinsically and might influence its services to customers. Conversely, external factors affect the industry at large. Formulating research questions, objectives, designs, and the ultimate data collection, compilation, coding, and analysis have contributed to the mentioned findings with precision.

Background of the company’s internal and external environment (McDonalds UAE)

McDonald’s restaurants and fast food joints have performed tremendously in the UAE’s market as indicated by their market penetration and customers’ acceptability. It is evident that the company prepares quality products compared to its rivals in the similar market.

Nonetheless, there are various issues that emerge when the company’s background is subjected to both internal and external environmental analysis. This is an important observation since it provides the true picture of the company in the realms of business prowess and other relevant provisions.

From the data collected, it is evident that McDonald’s has grown remarkably and numerous customers are satisfied with its products and services. For example, an average (mean) rating of 3.62 out of the possible 5 (according to the research stipulations provided) is commendable.

It shows that the company is above the neutral gauges. This indicates that McDonald’s is performing well in the UAE’s market since its commencement in the Arab world. The respondents to the designed research indicated their satisfaction with the company.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Internal environmental factors relate to the conditions inside the organization. The company has established and embraced substantial internal environmental factors in the realms of competitive products, suitable pricing, profitability, customer services, innovation, novelty, and considerable business cultures among others (Hammond 2005, p. 276). On products, McDonald’s is branded with delicious hamburgers.

However, the company has internally diversified its products in order to respond to the dynamic/changing market demands. This is to ensure that the company remains relevant and competitive in the UAE’s market. Evidently, McDonald’s has increased its number of customers in the past few years due to the diversification of its commodities and services in order to serve customers’ vast interests. This has contributed to the success of the company with precision.

Other products that the company offers in its outlets incorporate cheeseburgers, French fries, soft drinks, and desserts among other viable fast-food products in the UAE market. This diversification has allowed McDonald’s restaurants and fast food joints to gain considerable eminence, competitiveness, and market share.

The provided research findings indicate the customers’ positive response to the McDonald’s commodities and service provisions as indicated earlier. The company has progressed considerably in the recent past. It has a considerable market divide and enjoys a massive marketplace presence and regional visibility with respect to UAE.

Another considerable internal factor in the realms of environmental analysis is the pricing strategy that the company uses in order to remain competitive in the UAE’s market. McDonald’s has established competitive prices for its commodities. This has allowed the company to compete favourably in the UAE’s market as indicated earlier.

Internally, the company has established and embraced viable pricing strategy for its hamburgers and other products within its outlets. This relates to what customers want and to what value and quantity. Consequently, there is a considerable marketing strategy that McDonald’s assumes in its business endeavours.

This is an important provision in the entire marketing and business contexts. Additionally, its ability to respond to other market demands indicates the flexibility of the business in the UAE’s market.

We will write a custom Report on Whether McDonald’s has increased its number of customers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) within a few a years specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This occurs regardless of the stringent Muslim cultures in the region. Having studied the market, McDonald’s has ratified other business provisions to grasp and retain substantial quantity of clients. This indicates how the business is focused and endeavours to serve its Arab customers with delight. Evidently, this is a considerable provision in the business realms.

Another internal factor in this context is the brand name of the company and its adaptability into the UAE market. It is important to recognize that McDonald’s has a considerable brand name having served several customers globally with quality fast-food products since its inception in US (in 1940).

This has acted as a considerable strength for the company in the realms of business and expansion. Brand name helps businesses to grow faster since customers admire associating themselves with the prosperous brands. It is from this context that McDonald’s has managed to survive and grow remarkably in the UAE market despite the cultural challenges.

This has related to the aspects of adaptability assumed in this context. McDonald’s can easily adapt in a given market due to its novel products and other associated business cultures. It has strategic business position with substantial market segments for its commodities. This has allowed the organization to survive considerably in various markets globally.

The company equally strives to cut costs, attain quality, and enhance its profitability. This is a considerable internal provision when scrutinized critically. It is from this context that the whole marketing prospects for McDonald’s lie (Oxford Business Group 2007, P. 211). Additionally, the ability of McDonald’s to reduce its operational costs is helpful in managing the pricing strategies enacted by the company.

This forms the background of the company’s internal and external environment indicated earlier. Since the company deals in food products, the aspects of quality, reliability, taste maintenance, sanitation, and healthy living have been internal considerations of McDonald’s in order to remain competitive in the UAE market.

This provision conforms to the noticed increment in customer reception and expansion of the business in the Arab market since its establishment in the region. It is important to consider these provisions in the business context for any organization to remain competitive in the desired market.

This provision has allowed McDonald’s to enjoy a considerable market share and business opportunity in the Arab market as evident in the research findings provided. Additionally, the nature of the company’s employees, customers, and service provisions equally contribute to the background of McDonald’s internal environment.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Whether McDonald’s has increased its number of customers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) within a few a years by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The way the company intends to attend to its clients is important in this context. McDonald’s has established and embraced customer-focused services to its diversified clients. This has allowed it to capture and retain most of its clients in the Arab market and beyond. In addition, the company has increased the number of its customers in UAE due to these internal business provisions. It has also managed to enhance its market presence due to novelty and other business strategies applicable in UAE’s market.

Concurrently, the external environment in this context refers to factors that are outside the organization. They constitute opportunities and threats that engulf the company and its industry in the realms of business. These factors contribute to the background of the company when considered critically. It is from this perspective that the whole business prospects lie.

Factors considerable in this context range from social issues to technological aspects within the industry and beyond (Walker


Political independence of Latin America Essay scholarship essay help

The countries of Latin America achieved their political independence in the early nineteenth century. The countries received the opportunity to follow their own route in setting the priorities for the independent progress.

The accents were made on the development of the agricultural sector which was significant for intensifying export trade and on the rapid industrialisation in the states. The turn of the centuries made the governments of the countries be directed toward following the democratic principles in providing new policies and reforms.

All these aspects can be discussed as contributing to the economic and political progress of the Latin American countries, but these states did not achieve the high status at the global arena during the next hundred years after achieving their independence because of the range of influential factors.

Chile, Mexico, Brazil, and Peru developed the possibilities to strengthen their world position only at the end of the twentieth century and beginning of the twenty-first century (Solimano 2006, p. 21).

The impossibility of the Latin American countries to achieve the first world status during the first hundred years after the war for independence can be based on such significant factors as the orientation to the development of the agricultural sector instead of forcing the industries, the political instability in countries, dictatorial forms of leadership, and the territorial conflicts with the neighbouring states.

The history of Chile in the nineteenth century can be discussed as the vivid example of these negative factors’ impact on the political and economic development of the country.

The Successes and Negative Consequences of Achieving the Independence in the Nineteenth Century The independence movement in Chile against the Spaniards began to develop in 1808 when the high class of the creoles started to struggle for self-governing. The population of Chile was divided into two opposite groups of those persons who supported the Spaniards and those ones who were inclined to fight for independence.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The civil war was developing during the period of 1810-1826, and it was the time of continuous military conflicts and oppositions between the forces which resulted in reducing the physical and financial resources of the fighters for independence and royalists.

The first positive effects of this struggle were in diminishing the labour exploitation of the indigenous people. Nevertheless, the full political independence from Spain which could allow the development of Chile’s foreign relations was achieved only in 1826.

Thus, the Chilean people had to oppose the Spanish troops during the first fifteen years after proclaiming the independence in 1810. The situation was complicated with the peculiarities of the dictatorial regime of Bernardo O’Higgins who was the director general of the country during the period of 1817-1823.

His authoritarian behaviour and principles of leadership provoked the open resistance of the people in provinces, and the fact of the Spanish troops’ presence in the country made the effective development of the state during the years of the war for independence almost impossible.

In spite of the fact Chile achieved the independence from Spain, the war was too exhausting for people, especially with references to O’Higgins’s regime (Eakin 2007, p. 155).

The Period of Stability and the Impact of the World Powerful States The achievement of the political and economic independence did not mean the achievement of the political stability (Bergoeing


Ethical Environment of Business Case Study custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Ethical Dilemma in the Case

Ethical Theories Relevant to the Case

Divine Command Theory

Altruism Theory




Introduction Ethical environment of business simply refers to the fundamental principles that businesses should adhere to in the course of their daily operations, in order to successfully achieve their business objectives in an ethical manner.

The ethical environment of a business constitutes of the professional ethics governing the moral behavior of the business in all its functions and operations. Businesses organisations are judged through the manner by which they interact with their consumers and the outside world at large (Raisner, 1997).

In this regard, people would tend to have a certain perspective towards a particular business enterprise, depending on the way the business interacts with its customers and how it associates with other organisations. Every business department would definitely like this perspective to be positive on them, and for that reason, they should conform to the demands of their ethical environments.

However, businesses often face many ethical dilemmas in their day to day activities, and sometimes dealing with such complex situations might prove to be difficult to many business managers. Ethical dilemmas are complex situations where people are faced by a lack of choice between two or more moral imperatives whereby obeying one may result in the transgression of another.

The best way of dealing with ethical dilemmas, is by trying to maintain better moral standards in all business dealings. This report examines the issue of ethical dilemma in business, as it is constituted in the situation facing Kent Graham in ‘A Sticky Situation’ extracted from ‘Ethics and the Conduct of Business’ by Boatright.

Three ethical theories are also discussed in this report with a clear manifestation of how each of them would relate to the situation in the case.

Ethical Dilemma in the Case As it would be observed from the case, there is a serious ethical dilemma facing Kent Graham, who works as an account manager for Dura-Stick Label Company. On the grounds where the big ethical dilemma comes in, Mr. Kent Graham is contemplating on taking up some unguided move in business, whose outcome may end up breaching the ethical business environment of the entire Label Company.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Despite of him having a good salary and a sparkling compensation plan that befits his job status and experience in business, Kent Graham is still yearning for more money. It is this uncontrolled quest for extra money which drives him to embark on a mission to hunt for a big account, at all possible costs.

Kent’s unguided plans would finally find an opportunity in the unsuspecting thoughts of Jack Olson of Spray-On Inc, who is coerced to give a big order of some kind of multicolor, consumer-type labels to Kent’s Company.

It is apparent from the case that, Spray-On Inc has been Dura-Stick’s esteemed customer for over two decades now, and this long business relationship had actually succeeded in bringing the two firms closer to each other in business-related matters.

For this reason, it would be hard for Jack to have any doubts against the reputed Label Company. Kent Graham must have seen things in this perspective, as he contemplated on his next response to the big deal in front of him.

Even though it was clear that Dura-Stick’s experience of many years only revolved around two-color labels, Kent couldn’t risk losing this once in a lifetime opportunity, and would therefore convince Jack to believe that his company had been producing the needed labels, and that they might be able to handle the latest job his company was offering.

After coming into a conclusive agreement with Jack about the labels deal, Kent left with an assurance to present Jack with the necessary proposal, shortly. Kent was certainly assured of the fact that, Jack would only be willing to work with him if the proposed labels were produced at a facility in his company i.e. Dura-Stick, and nowhere else.

For that reason, Kent went go ahead to influence Marty Klein, the person responsible for costs and prices coordination in his company, in drafting a proposal that constituted of a 20 percent increase on top of their normal rates for labels.

We will write a custom Case Study on Ethical Environment of Business specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More What Jack didn’t know was that, this costly price was inclusive of another firm’s cost that would produce the labels on behalf of Dura-Stick. However, Kent went on to explain that, the extra cost would be worth it, considering the quality of service that Dura-Stick was willing to provide for the deal.

It must have been good news to Kent when finally the business rested on his hands. However, his instant happiness seemed to take another course when Jack eventually told him that, it was only for the fact that the production of the labels would be overseen by Tim Davis that he had granted the business to Dura-Stick.

Tim Davis was the director of Dura-Stick, who settled for nothing less but quality and credibility, and his involvement in the label production exercise would obviously mean a spoiled deal for Kent Graham. The truth of the matter here was that, Kent was planning to have the labels produced in a different company, before being shipped to his own company for final delivery to Jack’s facility (Boatright, 2009).

Kent was faced by a real ethical dilemma here, and would have to base his next move on two crucial options; his own personal interests and the reputation of his company.

Ethical Theories Relevant to the Case There are numerous ethical theories defined by different principles, which can be used to explain the concept of various ethical grounds. Ethical theories are the significant foundations upon which ethical analysis can be based.

In most cases, these theories are seen as viewpoints from which a perfect guidance on the rightful judgment to a decision could be made. As it would be observed, different ethical theories play a significant role in the decision making process of ethics.

In this context, I will be discussing theories that are relevant to the scenario presented in the above case involving Mr. Kent Graham of Dura-Stick Label Company. The three common theories that can apply in this case are; Divine Command theory, Altruism theory and Consequentialism.

Divine Command Theory This is the philosophy of religion whose argument is constituted in the fact that morality depends upon God’s will, as it would be observed from various religious platforms (Kurland, 1995). The main is principle behind this theory is that, the foundation of morality is based on the fact that God exists, and that His will and guidance on morality should be observed.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Ethical Environment of Business by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to this theory, an act would be either morally or wrong solely because God has commanded people to do it or prohibited them from doing it, in a respective manner. In the context provided by this theory, people are able to make the most appropriate judgments and decisions about key decisions.

The ethical principle provided by this theory is relevant in the case in that, it warns against the wrongful act of dishonest which has been manifested in the case. As we can see, there are several cases about Kent telling lies in order to justify his ambitions on the proposed business deal.

For instance, Kent is fast to convince Jack that his company had previously produced multi color labels, which is basically not true. Another example of a dishonest act can be observed in the episode where Kent assures Jack that the ordered labels would be produced in their company’s production facility, while in the real sense they would be produced in a firm in Kansas City.

Judging from the principles of Divine Command theory, there is enough evidence to justify this as an unethical act that should be avoided.

Altruism Theory This is whereby someone acts for the benefit of another person, rather than for their own good. Based from the principles aligned to this theory, its application in different ethical environments is concerned with motive (Doris, 2002).

This claim can be justified in the sense that, selfless motives would appear to be good or morally right, even if the outcome is bad where as selfish motives would appear to be morally wrong, even if the outcome is good. Altruism theory is relevant in the case involving Kent Graham in that, his selfish motives are guided by altruism more than by anything else.

Even though, Kent is aware of the predicaments surrounding his actions, it is apparently clear that he is doing it for the sake of his wife and two children, who may end up living a disastrous life incase he loses his job at the company. The consequences of this act may be good based on this claim, but this still doesn’t make Kent’s anticipated actions right.

Consequentialism Consequentialism is an ethical theory which observes that an action is morally right if it promotes the best outcomes on any grounds. According to Railton (1984), consequentialists normally care about the end of their intended actions, and nothing else on the way. As it would be observed, the best outcome in this theory is an end in which happiness prevails.

In that case, the situation in the case may be right in that, it would be necessary for the security of his job and also for the well-being of his organisation. Kent may not want to betray the ability of his own company in the production of labels, and for this reason, he would do anything to secure its reputation in business, including traversing the business ethical environment.

Conclusion Based on the above ethical theories, the situation in the case can be observed from different perspectives. Kent’s intended actions can be judged on the principles provided by each of these theories.

As it would be expected, the ethical environment of business is a key requirement to all businesses, and only those organisations that observe openness in their operations are certain to enjoy the rewards associated with business ethics. Failure to honor the ethical environment of one’s organisation can result to severe consequences to them and also to others, and this could end up tarnishing the name of a business.

The scenario presented in the case involving Mr. Kent Graham appears to be contrary to the good business practices that are certain to bring forth good relationships between an organisation and its customers. Kent’s anticipated plans are against the principles of good practices in a business environment, which include; honest, trust and open mindedness.

Customer preferences and choices for business organizations are always based on the quality of services and products that they get from those organisations. The understanding and practice of this factual statement must have translated into the success of Dura-Stick in the competitive market of labels.

This well deserved reputation however, is likely to go down into flames, if Kent decides to proceed with the selfish plan of benefiting himself unethically, using the company’s name.

References Boatright, J. (2009). Ethics and the conduct of business. New Jersey: Pearson Education International.

Doris, J. (2002). Lack of character: Personality and moral behavior. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kurland, N. (1995). Ethical Intentions and the Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25(4), 297-313.

Railton, P. (1984). Alienation, consequentialism, and the demands of morality. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 13(2), 134-171.

Raisner, J. (1997). Using the” Ethical Environment” Paradigm to Teach Business Ethics: The Case of the Maquiladoras. Journal of Business Ethics, 16(12), 133-134.


Impact on compensation policies in modern organisations Expository Essay best essay help: best essay help

Introduction Managers have historically concentrated on the relation between rewards and behaviour with a view of explaining individual action. Compensation has been regarded as the motivation identified for motivating employees and the reward for the ineffectiveness of the job.

Remuneration suitably plays an enormous task in most behavioural wage theory associated with the manufacturing procedure (Judge, 2009). In the new age, a large number of studies examining motivation (comprising wage as an aspect) has been carried out by organizational behaviour professionals and social scientists.

Such streams of research, far from wage theories, have generated an enormous literature, both experiential and theoretical. The motivational literature not only supports but also discredits some aspects of the various behavioural wage theories. The first component of this paper provides a description of the four major behavioural wage theories.

These theories are; need-fulfilment, expectancy, reinforcement, and justice theories. The second section of the paper explains how such theories might influence reward guidelines in contemporary organizations. The paper concludes by giving a summary of the key aspects discussed.

Description In understanding what kinds of wage frameworks are most likely to be adequate and how the efficiency of such theories differs based on eventuality aspects like enterprise approach, socio-economic factors, competition, and staff features, there should be an excellent model, or framework.

To examine repercussions, we should understand that effectiveness is an intricate idea that could comprise at least, costs, production, creativity, quality, monetary, and behavioural measures.

Additionally, the comparative significance of such measures will differ across enterprises and organizational departments (Wong


Honda Case Proposal essay help online

People management fiasco in HMSI Summary

The case study involves HONDA MOTORCYCLES AND SCOOTERS IN INDIA LIMITED. The company (HMSI) was established on 20/10/1999, to produce high quality scooters and motorcycles in India. The company which was under, Japanese top management had a total workforce of about 3,000 employees. The company held a production capacity of 100,000 scooters per year with a target of boosting this capacity to 600,000 in the next five years.

Immediately after the establishment of the company, the performance was extremely positive, and the results were promising. The TNS Dealer Automotive Satisfaction Study 2004, ranked HMSI as the leader in two wheel category, in India. HMSI also received other recognitions in other spheres. However, on 25/07/2005, the company suffered a significant setback unprecedented violence broke out between HMSI workers and police during a HMSI strike due to poor, working conditions.

The key purpose of this paper is to identify the key cultural management issues covered in the HMSI case study.

This case study analysis will examine the HMSI case. This paper begins with a comprehensive analysis of the case. The Hofstede’s model and culture noise concept are centrally used in identifying the key cultural management issues in the study. Apart from identifying the cultural management issue in the case study, approaches in solving these issues, will be explained, and solutions proposed.

The Hofstede’s module has five dimensions; Power/distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty/avoidance index and long term orientation. According to Hofstede, these five dimensions explain the difference in company culture. Cultural noise refers to obstacles restricting successful communication between people of different cultures (Deresky 2008, p. 12).

The first factor to consider in the case study is the HMSI organizational structure. The top management was Japanese, whom had employed Indians subordinate management to manage workforce required to run the day to day activities of the HMSI Company.

Cultural noise is identified in the case study whereby, the Indian management would not allow workers to communicate, to the Japanese top management to share their grievances. As a result, the Japanese top management knew little of the workers grievances. This interdiction of communication was a vital catalyst to the problem (Maude 2011, P. 392).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The PD module refers to the measure of acceptance of people on the social status quo in their region. The HMSI management failed to establish a low PD which supports teamwork. A low PD organization, ensure all staff are equal to promote teamwork in the organization.

This model is appropriate in India, while a high PD which involves; strong hierarchies, these organizations demand authority, respect and acknowledge of leaders power. This high PD model is commonly used in japan. The Japanese top management overlooked this factor and employed the high PD model. This was the main cause of friction between workers and management.

This factor is clearly displayed by the attitude of the vice president of manufacturing, who is a Japanese national. His actions included demining workers by disrespecting them and even assaulting them. This is confirmed in the case study where; the VP kicks a worker in the leg to show his disapproval to the worker for being late. This behavior contributed significantly to provoking the employees (Tian 2004, p. 19).

The LTO module refers to a society scales long stand in social values and traditional norms. This dimension was discovered in 1990, when Hofstede realized, the people in Asian countries, due to different backgrounds, acted differently to the people in western countries. In western countries, Low LTOS flourish.

This is because the culture in these regions considers everyone as an equal. Asia countries flourish in the High LTO settings this module require that, the young respect the old and everyone avoids actions that might humiliate another person. The management at HMSI despite the country being in Asia neglected the implementation of High LTO. This is illustrated by the harsh policies and treatment of management to staff.

This is confirmed by the VP causing man to Loose face by knocking his hat down because its not company uniform. The reaction of the workers on this action clearly confirms the fifth dimension of Hofstede’s module. The fact that, the worker felt insulted by the VP actions against him is a confirmation of lack of the modules application.

The reaction of the employees to the treatment by management and demining policies conveyed in the bathroom incident reconfirms this module. Overlooking these cultural factors by management was the main cause of the violence breakout as the workers retaliated (Mooij 2010, p.35)

We will write a custom Proposal on Honda Case specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Although the company showed recognition of the Diwali festivals by giving each worker a Diwali gift, the company did not show real initiative in its intentions after the workers showed resentment of the gifts. Where Diwali is a Hindu festival that consists of them celebrating together with their families, by performing traditional activities together, the company did not show real initiative towards this effort.

Instead of discussing the problem with the workers, the company converted the gifts into coupons with which the workers could buy any gift they wanted. The lack of communication between the Indian management and the workers conveys cultural noise. Moreover, the action conveyed the organization’s showed a lack of respect for Hindu culture and tradition. Given that, the workers had already expressed that, they felt belittled by the gift.

In general, the Japanese top management had established policies that observe most of the Hofstede’s theory. In the Human resource policies, there contained; respect for individuals differences through respecting individual’s initiative, quality and trust. According to the company, respect to the individual translated into the independence of spirit and freedom, equality and mutual trust of the HMSI workers

The company claimed, its policies focused on developing each worker’s capacity to think reason and dream. The company policy expresses support of equality of employees this is shown where; the company issued similar uniforms and a common canteen for all. In fact, all employees of HMSI were called associates in the company.

These policies show that, the top management had observed, PD, High IDV, Low MAS and Low LTO module of the Hofsede’s theory. The question remains, if the Japanese top management had observed all these dimensions in the HMSI policy, why did we find none of them in the analysis of the case study? Also, why did the incident on 27/07/2005 happen?

According to the analysis of the case study, the conclusion is; Even though the top management had considered this module in the HMSI, the subordinate management disregarded them and failed to implement them. The HMSI workers culture and region scores a low UAI. This is shown by the workers care free business attitude and high emotional response to small actions.

The subordinate manager’s enforcement of rules and expectations, without regard to the people’s culture was the birth cause of the incident. The subordinate management also acted as the source of cultural noise between the workers and the Japanese top management. This was another major catalyst that led to the incident (Gary,L 2009, P. 189).

References Deresky, H 2008, International management: managing across borders and culture, Pearson Prentice Hall, California.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Honda Case by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gary, L 2009, Executive Guide to Managing Disputes, Beard Books, Australia.

Maude, B 2011, Managing Cross-Cultural Communication: Principles and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan, UK.

Mooij, M 2010, Consumer Behavior and Culture: Consequences for Global Marketing and Advertising, SAGE, Netherlands.

Tian, Q 2004, Transcultural Study of Ethical Perceptions and Judgments Between Chinese and German Businessmen, Martin Meidenbauer Verlag, China.


Current Macro Economic Situation in the U.S Research Paper essay help online: essay help online

The United States is currently battling slow growth in its economy coupled by high rates of unemployment (McConnell, Brue, Flynn, 2011). Analysts insist that the economy of the United States is sinking (Mundi, 2012). However, the government is taking measures to restore it.

Although unemployment persists in the United States, the country has managed to create more than 100,000 jobs since January 2012. However, a deficit of more than 100,000 jobs still exists. In the United States 12.8 million people lack employment, and the rate of unemployment remains at 8.3 percent (Mundi, 2012).

The economy of the United States went into recession in 2007. Since then, the Bush and Obama administrations have done much to control job losses, and create more jobs. From 2009 to date, the government has released bailouts, and other programs such as tax credit aimed at economic stimulation.

The government reacts to recession through expansionary fiscal policy tools (McConnell et al, 2011). In 2009 the government pumped into the economy $ 787 billion as stimulus, but it failed to reduce the rate of unemployment.

This was followed by other similar packages, but they have been of little help. Because of recession, the rate of unemployment rose by100 percent in 2007.

In March 2012, it was at 8.2 percent then in April it dropped to 8.1 percent. In May 2012, it rose to 8.2 percent where it remained through June before rising by 0.1 percent in July (Mundi, 2012).

Inflation has been reducing since the beginning of 2012, but it still remains a problem. Throughout January and February of 2012, it was 2.9 percent. In March it dropped to 2.7, then to 2.3 in April, before stagnating at 1.7 throughout May and June (Mundi, 2012).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Federal Reserve applies inflation rate targeting to curb inflation. It often reduces the amount of money in supply by selling government securities, and can announce a moderate rate of inflation agreeable to it.

Currently the core inflation rate is 2 percent. At the moment inflation is below this, but if it increases to more than 2 percent, the government will use the contractionary monetary policy to control it (McConnell et al, 2011).

Many people cite market failure as having brought about recession, because banks took so many risks and loans meant for expanding their profits. The crisis has persisted, due to wrong steps taken by the government.

For example, the Federal Government spent more than $ 1 trillion which was meant to go into stimulating the economy. Many people believe that stimulus packages caused negative effects on the economy of the United States, due to their bad design and execution. These packages have expanded the debt and deficit of the government (Perlo, 2012).

Growth in GDP for the American economy has been fluctuating with time. In the first quarter of 2012, the GDP grew by 1.5 percent from the previous quarter (Mundi, 2012).

Currently, per capita GDP is $ 48,100. The government is responsible for managing the growth of the economy. It achieves this through fiscal and monetary policy.

In conclusion, the focus of the paper is the current situation of the United States economy. The state of the economy has been bad since 2007; however, government efforts directed at inflation and unemployment are already bearing fruits.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Current Macro Economic Situation in the U.S specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References McConnell, C. R., Brue, S.L., Flynn, S. (2011). Macroeconomics. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. Print.

Mundi, I. (2012). United States Economy Profile 2012. Web.

Perlo, A. (2012). The U.S Economic Situation and the 2012 Elections. 2012. Web.


Casino Resort Hotels versus Traditional Full Service Hotels Descriptive Essay essay help

In Casino resort hotels the main objective of the business is to support the gambling related activities in the creation of a luxurious environment.

These hotels are commonly located in unique places such as the mountain areas, islands, and in exotic locations away from the cities. Besides the hotel services and gambling, they also make money through recreational facilities and sceneries including luxurious games such as golf, tennis, sailing, skiing, and swimming just to mention but a few.

The guest visiting Casino Resort Hotel places always come out with newly created memorable experiences that make them make a repeat to the hotels on any other occasion. On the other hand, business hotels are primarily focused on the hotel business services which exempt some of the luxurious activities provided by the Casino Resort Hotels as mentioned above.

Business hotels are in most cases situated in downtown or business districts with the purpose of attending to travelers. However, some other groups such as individual tourists, people willing to carry out some conference etc are also prone to business hotels. The management of this class of hotels makes it interesting to their clients by offering newspapers, morning coffee, free local telephoning, and breakfast.

The fact that businesses hotels mainly accommodate business clients, it managements in most cases provide them with facilities to access business centre such as personal computers, Wi-Fi and fax machines. This is unlike the Casino Resort Hotels where the clients are in most cases are either out for vacations, enjoying a humble time with their loved ones or friends, or simply killing time by attending to their desired hobbies.

For this reason Casino Resort Hotels are preferably located outside towns unlike the Business Hotels which are mainly located within the central business districts.

Their placement however enables their clients to enjoy a humble time free from a busy environment and traffic jams thus giving clients enough space to enjoy themselves and even hold their family or business meetings or parties freely as it may be required with them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is unlike the placement of Business Hotels which primarily allows their clients to have an easy task accessing transportation and information to carry out their business mandates. Living in the surroundings of the town also makes it possible for their customers to book in their business partners on a more formal business environment.

Moreover, Business Hotels may have targeted clients depending on the type of business category the hotel is being run. For instance the suit business hotels are business hotel types whereby the main focus of the business is the guest rooms with a furnished living and a bedroom.

This focus makes the management of these kinds of business disinterested in the creation of public areas for their guests since they already have more than enough space in their rooms to for recreation. This is bearing in mind that most of the clients in this business are professionals such as accountants, lawyers and business executives who are out for business purposes.

On the contrary, the Casino resort Hotels are multipurpose on this idea in the sense that they can accommodate all types of clients. Their managements are more complex putting to considerations the requirements of their diverse clients need. They can therefore be conclusively regarded as general purpose hotels depending on the client’s availability.


MDMA Abuse’s Problems Research Paper essay help free

The introduction The effect of MDMA on people’s brain

When speaking about neurobiology of MDMA (3,4 meythylenedioxymethamphetamine) abuse, it is necessary to highlight some fundamentals concerning the effect of one of the major drugs on people’s brain. First of all, it should be pointed out that ecstasy impacts on dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons.

However, one is to keep in mind that the effect on neurons is neurotoxic. The effect of the drug was studied on the basis of animal model. Thus, rodents and primates took part in the research. “Recent studies in transgenic and knockout mice identified the role of dopamine transporters, nitric oxide, apoptotic proteins, and inflammatory cytokines in amphetamines neurotoxicity” (Itzhak


Developing Research Question and Hypothesis Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Developing a Research Question At the beginning of every research, specific research questions should be clarified before a data collection process. By making a specific scientific inquiry, the research acquires its thematic focus. However, before a research question is refined, it is imperative to define what type of research is engaged, as well as what kind of variables are involved into the scientific exploration.

Hence, there are two types of research – descriptive and exploratory. In order to focus on a descriptive research, several aspects should be discussed (De Vaus, 2002). First, time frames of interest must be defined to narrow the focus of research. Second, geographic location of interest should be highlighted, as well as patterns and features of the chosen groups within this location (De Vaus, 2002). Finally, once location and time are defined, it is necessary to define the topic limits of the research.

All these aspects build a starting point of the research and focus on a particular problem in a broader context. When exploratory research is concerned, the emphasis should be placed on the analysis of causes and effects (De Vaus, 2002). The second step will involve enumeration of the sequence of cause-and-effect lines that fit the topic.

Third, it is strongly suggested to look through previous researches to find out what other scholars have introduced, as well as what implications they defined for further research (De Vaus, 2002). Using limitations and implications can allow to build a foundation for a new topic of research.

Overall, descriptive research is less sophisticated than exploratory and, therefore, it influences the development of research questions. Thus, descriptive research questions focus on describing an event whereas exploratory research questions involve a synthesis of factors that are interrelated and influence each other.

Developing a Hypothesis A research question formulation is more typical of qualitative research where observations and surveys will give answers to a specific problem. In contrast, a hypothesis aims either to accept or to reject the thesis. At the early stage of research design, a tentative assumption is defined, which is called the null hypothesis and is traditionally denoted H0 (Anderson et al., 2011).

While formulating the above-presented hypotheses, the importance of situational context is incredible because it affects further procedures of sample collection (Anderson et al., 2011). Apart from the actual procedures of hypotheses development, two important questions should be posed. Specifically, the researcher should clearly identify the purpose of the sample collection, as well as predict the desirable conclusion that can be reached while defining the hypothesis.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While defining both types of hypotheses, it is not necessarily to follow the established succession. In certain situations, it is more reasonable to develop an alternative hypothesis and formulate the null hypothesis and vice versa. Because null hypothesis challenges the alternative one, which is the opposition to the former, the outcome should withdraw one assumption and accept another (Anderson et al., 2011). Therefore, both hypotheses are mutually exclusive.

Narrowing Down the Focus of Research Questions and Hypotheses

Refining the scope of a research question is a daunting task. Because data collection should be initiated, the research question should be flexible, but further exploration will require specificity (Kirby et al., 2006). This stage of focusing and narrowing should be connected with the strategies to define the topic that would captivate the audience and advance the research process.

In this respect, the research question should relate to the research scope, but it should be too specific that makes it difficult to answer (Kirby et al., 2006). A question should invite the scholar to search information so as it is easy to define which keywords should be used to direct the research. Further, a question should be connected to the existing experiences of a researcher.

Finally, the research question should correspond with the results, as well as resonate the community’s concerns (Kirby et al., 2006). The actuality and relevancy of the research question will help the researcher to find out the actual value of the scientific exploration.

The research questions can both address qualitative and quantitative concerns. For instance, it is possible to ask what percentage of population has a certain experience in apposition to the one who lack such (Kirby et al., 2006). Alternatively, the research question can fin out the nature of experience and certain patterns of behavior that are influenced under a new program or innovation.

Focusing on the scope of a research hypothesis, specific topic should be highlighted. For instance, in case the topic is consumer behavior, it is purposeful to first define the percentage of women buying a specific product, as well as the number of males involved in buying a specific product (Panneerselvam, 2004).

Further, income level should also be introduced to define how it influences the distribution of buying capacity. As soon as all these interaction have been detected, a null hypothesis can be defined. For example, the null hypothesis will be females buy cosmetics more frequent than males where the alternative hypothesis female do not buy cosmetics more frequent than males.

We will write a custom Essay on Developing Research Question and Hypothesis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Anderson, D. R., Sweeney, D. J., and Williams, T. A. (2011). Statistics for Business and Economics. US: Cengage Learning.

De Vaus, D. A. (2002). Surveys in Social Research. US: Routledge.

Kirby, S. L., Greaves, L., and Reid, C. (2006). Experience Research Social Change: Methods beyond the Mainstream. Canada: University of Toronto.

Panneerselvam, R. (2004). Research Methodology. US: PHI Learning.


Analysis of “Enrique’s Journey” Book Essay essay help

Enrique’s Journey experience brings into view the kind of problems one undergoes in the process of attaining their goals in life (Border Film Project 6). This shows that age is not a factor in achieving one’s dreams and therefore determination wins it all. Life can be filled with several obstacles such as being an immigrant but the need to overcome such problems and excel defines the life and experience of Enrique who has to travel as an immigrant to meet his mother, have a relationship with Maria Isabela (Nazario 230).

After, Enrique’s mother Lourdes leaves for the US to look for money so that she can support her child gain education shows the “hardships” that mothers go through to raise their children (Border Film Project 10).

Overcoming obstacles in life is the most traumatic aspects of the story of Enrique’s Journey. Enrique’s mother chooses to do low paying jobs that are often ignored by the citizens of America to make a living that would enable her child get an education. Through these low paying jobs, they improve the country’s economy since the kind of jobs the immigrants do cannot be accepted by the Americans.

I chose this aspect because Enrique had to overcome several challenges and problems on his way to America so that he can reunite with his mother, the life in America itself is not that promising as many would have thought. Therefore the life of an immigrant remains to be seen as one full of struggles.

He had to be beaten and faced many robberies on the way. However, he is thriving to succeed in his journey to reach her mother is the motivational factor in his success to reach the US. Being determined presents some of the themes in this text and, moreover a reflection of the obstacles Enrique undergoes before reuniting with her mother.

Nazario states that, “she had to work long hours to earn the money” (235). The writer here refers to the time Lourdes would work that demonstrates the hard work of an immigrant and their determination.

In addition, the importance of having hope is the key factor in Enrique’s continued desire to reach the US. Clearly, the contribution of the immigrants such as the likes of Enrique and his mother is great for the economy of the country.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Many immigrants have to survive in all means whatever it takes for them to do so. The method of survival reflects their determination to succeed in life through doing the small jobs and in the end improve the economy of the country.

Lack of finance by Lourdes is a show that she cannot be able to take care of her children and clearly that they are living in poverty. Nazario states that “Lourdes cannot afford to feed and educate her children, so she leaves for El Norte” (139), this show that the immigrants can be able to do any jobs, work extra hard which is beneficial to a country in terms of economy improvement.

“Enrique’s Journey” story make people change how they look at the immigrants and need to offer a helping hand because they too are important to the country (Border Film Story). They can help to offload the “burden” of hard labour which most of the citizens do not want. The determination of Lourdes to make her life better shows the immigrants have a lot of problems and can risk their lives “to make ends meet” (Nazario 200).

The discussion question: Do the immigrants help to improve a country’s economy?

Works Cited Border Film Project. Border Film Project. 2011. Web.

Nazario, Sonia. Enrique’s Journey, New York: Random House, 2007. Print


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Abused Women Report essay help: essay help

When we talk about abuse, we basically mean mistreating and manipulating someone causing physical, sexual or psychological harm to their emotions and self esteem. Trauma, on the other hand, is a result of being involved in a distressing traumatic ordeal that affects your emotions and leaves lasting memories of the encounter.

Post-traumatic stress disorder may be as a result of past experiences such as rape, domestic violence or molestation. This anxiety disorder that arises from trauma may leave behind long-lasting psychological effects that may keep on haunting the victims (Harris, 1996). Such individuals need counseling and motivation to help them combat the fear within them and boost their self esteem.

Women tend to be more vulnerable to abuse, assault, battering, kidnapping, rape and even physical, emotional and psychological torture regardless of their social status in the community, race, tribe, nationality or their level of education. They all experience domestic violence, abuse and post-traumatic disorders.

In most cases, these incidences of women abuse occur within the confine of a family set up or relationship where one partner tends to mistreat, mishandle, abuse and assaults the other partner and in most cases the women fall victim of such misconducts from their male counter parts. Such abuse and undermining of one’s feelings and emotions often leads to detrimental effects on the victims.

Most abused women tend to harbor anger and hatred against those that mistreat them and this leads to a failed marriage institution as women are the corner stone of any stable marriage. It also leads to low productivity as their psyche to hard work and fend for their families drastically fades away. Post-traumatic disorder that emanates from trauma and routine torture, leads to a negative psychological effect on the victims.

Since women tend to be the weaker sex with a lot of emotions, they tend to be affected to a great extend by such mistreatment and abuse. Some end up having very low self esteem, depressed, stressed up and some even contemplate of committing suicide. Women who happen to be abused sexually or raped in their earlier stages tend to have severe trauma and psychological disorders that may even affect their relationship with their male counterparts and more so their marriages later on in life.

Statistics have shown that one of the three women has been abused either sexually, physically, emotionally or psychologically. A survey conducted in Canada by the General Social Survey (GSS) group deduced that about 25 percent of the women in Canada have been abused by their partners. The survey also showed that the incidences of women molestation tend to be more severe than the abuse directed to their men counterparts. (Pottie, 2000).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In conclusion, we have to find lasting solutions to these barbaric behaviors that have lead to destruction of many women’s lives, their families, kin and relationships as a result of trauma and abuse mostly from their spouses. There has to be a mutual understanding between spouses and each one has to play his or her role in the family and give their very best to enable the marriage to stand.

In cases of serious misunderstandings, the services of a marriage counselor may come in handy. For women who are abused and harbor psychological trauma, it is advisable to seek treatment and guidance from a trained personnel, therapist or a doctor. It also helps have a confidant whom you can freely share your private life with.

References Harris, J. (1996). Dangerous Domains: Violence Against Women in Canada. Toronto: Sage Publications.

Pottie, V. (2000), Spousal Violence: Statistical profile of Family Violence in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press.


Effectiveness of “Toy Story 3” Launch Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

The animated film Toy Story 3 can be viewed as an example of both critical and commercial success. This popularity can be attributed to various factors such as interesting script, excellent voice cast, the use of the most advanced technologies, and proper marketing strategies (McLean 2011, p. 68).

This essay will discuss the launch of Toy Story 3 in more detail. In particular, it is necessary to focus on critical response, sales promotion, and the premier. In this way, one can better understand the reasons why this film achieved success.

It should be noted that the prequels of Toy Story 3 enjoyed enormous popularity among people of various ages and educational backgrounds. Thus, it was difficult for Pixar to reach the standard that they set before (Corliss 2010, p. 103). However, this animated film did meet the expectations of critics. The majority of them agreed that Toy Story 3 was emotionally engaging and unpredictable. Thus, one can argue that this animated film was successful from a critical point of view.

Secondly, Toy Story 3 was released exclusively in digital format that has become very appealing to viewers throughout the world. It was released in Disney Digital 3-D; it is a brand which emphasizes the idea that the film can be watched only in three-dimensional form (Toumarkine 2007, p. 28). In this way, Pixar and Disney were able to spark people’s interest to this film. Thus, this decision was quite justified, even though they had to spend more time on production.

Toy Story was released in the United States on June 18 in 2010 (Desjardins 2010, p. 56). Overall, Toy Story 3 was released at the time when it was most anticipated by viewers and critics (Desjardins 2010, p. 56). Moreover, at that time, there were no significant premieres, and the release Toy Story 3 was at the center of public attention. Therefore, the film was well-differentiated among others.

Additionally, sales promotion was also very effective. Prior to the release of the film, Pixar and Disney released several teaser trailers that made people more willing to see Toy Story 3 in cinemas (Cohen 2009, p. 5). Additionally, this film could be purchased in different formats such as DVD or Blu-ray (Connolly 2010, p. 76). This movie could also be downloaded from iTunes.

Additionally, the marketing success of Toy Story 3 can be partly explained by its nomination for 5 Academy Awards. So, these examples indicate that Pixar and Disney took different sales promotion actions. They increased people’s awareness about the release and made sure that it could be purchased through different channels. Overall, these strategies achieved their goal and brought substantial revenues to Pixar and Disney.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This assessment shows that the launch of Toy Story 3 was very effective. It fully justified the investment that Pixar and Disney had to make. There are several things that one can single out.

First, the companies involved in the production of the film relied on the success of the previous films and stressed the idea that the last part of the series would come up to the expectations of viewers.

Secondly, they made sure that Toy Story 3 would not be rivaled by other films. They managed to differentiate this movie among others. The combination of these strategies eventually contributed to the overall success.

References Cohen, D 2009, ‘Disney ‘Story’ time at NAB’, Daily Variety,15 April, p. 5.

Connolly, M 2010, ‘Toy Story 3’, Film Comment, vol. 46 no. 6, p. 76.

Corliss, R 2010, ‘End of Innocence’, Time, 10 July, pp. 103-105.

Desjardins, D 2010, ‘The Greatest TOY STORY Ever Told?’, License! Global, vol. 13 no. 1, p. 56.

We will write a custom Essay on Effectiveness of “Toy Story 3” Launch specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More McLean, T 2011, ‘Making of Toy Story 3’, Hollywood Reporter, 18 June, pp. 68-71.

Toumarkine, D 2007. ‘Digital 3D Projection’, Film Journal International, vol. 110 no. 11, pp. 28 -31.


Industrial Marketing: Saudi Telecommunication Company Report essay help free

Executive Summary This report evaluates the problems experienced by firms in undertaking B2B marketing activities. In an effort to develop a better understanding of the B2B marketing challenges experienced by organizations in the real business environment, the report has taken into account the Saudi Telecommunication Company which is the leading firm within the Saudi Arabian telecommunication industry.

The report is organized in a number of sections. The first section gives background information with regard to the changes in B2B marketing and the challenges experienced by firms in their B2B marketing. Considering the fact that there are numerous B2B marketing challenges faced by firms, the report has focused on the challenge emanating from the large number of individuals who are involved in organizational buying process.

A comprehensive analysis of challenges arising from a large number of individuals in the buying process is evaluated in the second part. The third part entails an analysis of the organization’s customer, competitive and organizational environments. In the conclusion, a summary of the main points considered in the report is given. Additionally, a number of recommendations to deal with the challenge evaluated in the report are outlined.

Introduction Background of the study

Marketing is one of the most important aspects that businesses have to incorporate in their operation in order to survive in the long run. Blythe and Zimmerman (17) assert that marketing incorporates a number of issues such as conception of product idea, formulating the pricing, promotion and distribution strategies and creating customer relationships in order to satisfy both individual and organizational objectives.

The concept of marketing has undergone significant changes over the past few years. One of these changes is related to increment in the intensity of competition. One of the factors that have stimulated growth in competition relates to the technological innovation. The emergence of different technologies has significantly impacted the concept of marketing.

In their operation, management teams appreciate the fact that attracting and retaining customers can significantly enhance their ability to attain their organizational goals such as increasing their sales revenue and profit levels. To achieve this, businesses appreciate the fact that it is important to attain an effective market position.

There are different aspects that businesses incorporate in an effort to achieve this. One of the market positioning methods that businesses incorporate relates to their target customer. For example, some businesses may position themselves to be selling to individual customers while others may position themselves to be selling to other businesses such as wholesalers and retailers. However, some businesses have integrated both B2B and B2C marketing in their effort to enhance their competitive advantage by improving their sales revenue.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In their operation, B2B firms are experiencing unique challenges. However, in an effort to attract and retain customers most businesses which have adopted the concept of B2B are integrating emerging marketing technologies. One of the technologies that have been widely utilized is the information communication technology.

Most businesses are increasingly automating their operations in an effort to enhance the level of customer engagement and optimize their sales. Additionally, automation of business processes is also aimed at minimizing the cost of operation. One of the ways through which organizations are achieving this is by incorporating new marketing software.

One of the factors that have stimulated businesses to increasingly consider minimizing the cost of their operation is associated with the effects of the 2008/2009 global economic recession. Companies are also considering automating their marketing processes due to growth in customer empowerment.

Over the past decade, customers have become very empowered as a result of growth in social media. In an effort to take advantage of this phenomenon, organizations are increasingly integrating social media in their marketing processes. Automating the marketing processes plays a significant role in enhancing the effectiveness which helps the firms’ management teams accomplish organizational goals.

For example, social media has enabled organizations to establish strong relationships with their customers. This is due to the fact that social media is creating room for a two-way conversation which enables organizations to push their brand message to the customers.

Therefore, social media has significantly transformed marketing into a two-way conversation. Integration of the social media platform into organization’s marketing activities has empowered customers by giving them an opportunity to share information regarding brands. For example, they have an opportunity to share information about their experiences with a certain brand. Through this process, consumers are able to influence others in their decision making process.

Despite their efforts in automating their marketing processes, most B2B firms are increasingly facing new challenges. For example, in their B2B marketing, firms’ management teams are not only being challenged to ensure high volume of leads but also ensure that the leads culminate in sales opportunities.

We will write a custom Report on Industrial Marketing: Saudi Telecommunication Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, firms are also facing a challenge which arises from lengthening of the sales cycle. Firms which have incorporated the concept of B2B marketing are also required to involve themselves in comprehensive buying processes which are adopted by different customers. Organizations are also expected to ensure that they deliver their products that results in attainment of the perceived value.

To attract and retain a large number of clients, B2B firms are required to ensure that they generate a public relations buzz. Considering a high rate at which firms are adopting emerging media in undertaking their marketing activities, B2B firms are required to ensure that they develop an edge across the multiple marketing mediums. These are some of the major marketing problems that B2B firms are experiencing.

Saudi Telecommunication Company is the largest provider of telecommunication products in the Saudi Arabian Wireless Communication industry. In its operation, STC specializes in the provision of fixed and mobile telecommunication products to residential and institutional customers. STC’s two main brands include inVOICE which entails provision of bundle of voice and QUICKnet which specializes in the provision of mobile internet services.

Additionally, STC also offers data and internet services to its customers. In an effort to attain its profit maximization objective, STC has ventured into the international market through global collaboration. The firm has attained this by establishing an undersea communication cable system which connects more than 35 countries most of which are located in North America, South East Asia, Middle East Asia, Europe and North Africa (Yahoo Finance para. 1).

In its operation, STC’s main clients include the government, non-governmental organizations and other business institutions. In an effort to align itself with the prevailing market trend, STC has incorporated the concept of B2B marketing. The firm has attained this by automating some of its marketing processes.


The objective of this report is to evaluate a B2 marketing issue faced by the Saudi Telecommunication Company in its operation. Considering the fact that there are a wide range of problems that firms are facing in undertaking B2B marketing activities, the report specifically focuses on the buying process.


The report is organized in a number of sections; the first section entails an analysis of the B2B marketing problem facing STC in its operation and its importance. The second section entails an evaluation of the customer, competitive and organizational environments.

Finally, a conclusion and a set of recommendations are outlined. Despite the fact that there are numerous challenges associated with B2B marketing, the report only takes into account the challenge emanating from dealing with a large number of individuals in the decision making process.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Industrial Marketing: Saudi Telecommunication Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Analysis of the problem faced by STC in its B2B marketing: Marketing to an large number of individuals involved in the decision making process

STC is ranked as one of the most advanced telecommunication companies within the Gulf region. In an effort to attain its profit maximization objective, the company’s management team has been committed towards ensuring that its services are accessed by a large number of customers within Saudi Arabia.

As a result, STC has established its operations in all corners of Saudi Arabia (Ayed


A Written Analysis of Other Artists’ Works Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Introduction Some fundamentals on the picture

The picture I would like to analyze is called The Battle. It belongs to an abstract art. The most interesting point, however, which may surprise many people, is that The Battle was created not by a well-known artist as most of people think, but by a psychotherapist from New York. Tracy Morgan is the author of the work of art.

Body The Battle and its technical characteristics

The colors and their significance

While discussing the importance of the picture, some technical details must be analyzed. First of all, it is necessary to point out that The Battle is considered to be a two-dimensional picture. The basic colors of the production are pink and black.

Taking into account the fact that colors have specific meanings, one can probably conclude that the author is aware of symbolism. As far as pink has an individual significance, one can state that the author chose it to evoke strong mental images. On the other hand, one is to keep in mind the relationship between certain colors, as color schemes determine the author’s general purpose.

The composition of the painting

The composition of the picture seems to be of a particular importance, as numerous elements of the painting, including texture, forms, lines, etc. show the depth or perspective of the author’s work. It must be noted that lines in the picture lead into the painting, what is extremely important to keep viewers’ attention on the production, but not off the painting. Pink and black are combined in such a way, to show they appear more distinct.

It is difficult to say for sure whether there are large light areas are combined with small dark ones, or large dark areas balanced with small light ones. Visually, it seems that the area of black is smaller; so, the chroma seems to be stronger. In other words, one can probably state that the author relied on one of the basic principles of the joint effects of chroma, as “for colors of different value, subjects preferred a narrow band of either the light or the dark color, avoiding equally sized areas of different values” (“Visual Preferences,” n. d., para. 16).

Furthermore, while pink can be regarded as a dominant color, the picture seems to cause positive feelings. Black, in its turn, determines the symbolical meaning of Morgan’s work. Thus, in my opinion, the picture reflects the fight between good and evil; the theme is considered to be not new, but topical at all times.

Tracy Morgan’s main aim The focal points of the piece of art reflect black inscribed circles. This aspect should be carefully analyzed, as through the inscribed elements the author depicted the vortex of events. Taking into account the fact that color consistency of Tracy Morgan’s painting is heterogeneous, but invisible, one can conclude that the author’s main aim was to create aesthetically pleasing work.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion “ As far as the painting involves numerous tints, one can suppose that Morgan wanted to show the fight inside. In other words, it seems to be evident that verbal and visual processes of information perception are accepted by people in different ways. Thus, one can speak about the battle, and one can see the battle; the processes are not the same; so, the author gave viewers an opportunity to understand what perceptual knowledge is. Generally, I think that the author depicted a complex philosophical issue.

Reference Visual Preferences. Macalester.edu, Web.


Critical Review: “The status of Transportation Demand Management in Greater Vancouver and energy implications” by Clark Lim Essay (Critical Writing) best essay help

The paper by Lim dubbed ‘the status of transportation demand management in Greater Vancouver and energy implications’ provides a clear and well-organized strategy to be employed towards improving the transportation system in the Greater Vancouver region.

The author has presented the problems of the deterioration in the transport system as the resources become limited in order to show the need for improvements in the near future in order to secure the needs of the future generations. Transport demand management was proposed as the best strategy (tool) to employ in order to provide the needed change in the transport system in Vancouver.

The author did well to assess the current regional transportation performance. This way the readers could understand the way in which the transport system is utilized by the residents. He looked at the number of times the private vehicles plied the routes. He also did the same for public transit and for those who went by foot or bicycle. Using previous studies, the author was also able to tell that the overall automobile occupancy (persons per vehicle) had dropped over time.

This statistic only implies that the number of vehicles were on the increase since each vehicle is being used to carry less number of people than before. With such changes, the performance during the peak periods has been altered since it has greatly diminished. This is in terms of trip length, trip speed and trip time. The author identified this as one of the reasons for the need for a new transport system in Vancouver.

One of the strengths of the paper is in the way the author presents transportation demand management (TDM) as a solution to many of the issues facing the transportation system in Vancouver. Firstly, he provided a definition of transport demand management as a means of influencing the quantity, composition and time of the demand for transport. This required the planning and implementation of certain programs.

The paper proposes that this would help reverse some of the trends and try to encourage the citizens to be less dependent on the automobile. This should be done through focusing on the demand for energy. The people should also be encouraged to be more efficient and to be conscious about the environment.

An area that is also covered well is the area on the environmental impacts caused due to poor planning in transportation. With more vehicles on the road, there is increased congestion and consequently more air pollution due to transportation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another problem is the energy consumption. A large percentage of the transportation needs is due to transport needs. Due to the ever-increasing numbers of automobiles, the demand for more energy is increasing and so does the effects to the environment. Therefore, the author identified one of the priorities as a means of maintaining a healthy environment.

There is also a misconception about the issue of demand and supply. The suppliers have addressed the issue of high demand by requesting for the development of more infrastructures. This only causes negative environmental impacts and also negatively impacts the land uses.

The proposed strategy (TDM) is one of the strengths of the paper since it helps promote some behavior changes in individuals that would help curb some of the issues including environmental degradation due to pollution.

It discouraged people from being dependent on automobiles. In addition to fostering changes in behavior, the strategy proposed helps in restructuring the infrastructure in order to encourage more cyclists and those walking. The aspect of land-use planning is also vital for the viability of the environment.

The author employed certain methods while considering the TDM strategy. Firstly, he used existing data sources extensively. This was necessary in order to compare some of the previous successes of the strategy and measure its effectiveness in the current project (in the case of Vancouver). Another method employed was the reviewing of the existing opinion research on similar ventures (improving efficiency in transportation).

The author also conducted new opinion surveys in order to get the opinions of the commuters themselves. The author was able to gather useful information from the focus groups and public opinion surveys. The diversity of the methods used in the paper suggests the accuracy of the information presented by the author (strength).

The approach used by the author was to consider previous research findings and to conduct research himself in order to get results that are more accurate. The accuracy of the information is also assured because of the disciplinary background of the author as a civil engineer and his diverse experience.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Critical Review: “The status of Transportation Demand Management in Greater Vancouver and energy implications” by Clark Lim specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This paper is well organized and has been presented clearly. The information on the efficiency of transportation in terms of trip time, trip speed and trip length adds to our understanding of issues surrounding transportation geography. It provides information on how the transportation system could be made more effective in order to properly manage the energy demands.

I would recommend this paper as a course reading for future students due to the vastness of the information presented by the author. The information on the importance of transport demand management in reducing the negative effects to the environment is also vital since the issue of global warming must be confronted head-on.


Summary: “Fed Considers More Action Amid New Recovery Doubts” by Jon Hilsenrath Essay best college essay help

The Federal Reserve System has had an eventful spell since the late-2000s recession and it seems that the Fed is still a major force in influencing the shape of the USA economy. An article in the Wall Street Journal by Jon Hilsenrath; Fed Considers More Action Amid New Recovery Doubts bolsters the notion that the Fed is still playing a pivotal role in the country’s economy. The article is both an analysis and a prediction of possible decisions the Federal Reserve will make in response to the slower economic growth and unemployment.

The Federal Reserve has within its powers the ability to make monetary and fiscal policies as well as legislation that affect the economy; normatively the policies and legislation should help the economy grow. Intervention of the Federal Reserve is deemed necessary when the economic projections are bleak and some intervention is required to boost the economic growth.

However, this vindication of action is based on economic indicators’ results and projection and thus becomes a tough balancing act that could work or fail depending on the accuracy of the analysis of the situation. The Fed’s next meeting scheduled for June 19-20 does not afford the Fed enough time to monitor the situation of unemployment in the country thus unanimity on whether to act or not has been difficult to achieve.

The writer of the article highlights the difficulty in reading unemployment figures especially due to seasonal hiring and statistical adjustment made to the reported figures and how this makes it difficult for the Fed to act based on the results. Also discussed in the article is Operation Twist and its impending end and how to move on from it; either continue with the bond-buying programs or to use other policies especially given the effect of low interest rates on the economy.

It is a dilemma of boosting immediate economic growth versus long-term decrease in interest rates and eventual higher stock prices, increased public spending and more investment. The Fed is divided on the way forward and what the stakeholders and the country have to watch and wait for the Fed’s decisions.

Highlighted in the article are some key aspects of the Fed chief among them its management of monetary and fiscal policy. The Fed is independent from the federal government and thus has no political inclinations and its running is free from political influence especially with its president Ben Bernanke not seeking another term in office.

This fact supports the call for a more independent Fed free from political influence and control e.g. by congress as the Fed stays focused only on the economy of the country despite political changes and this ensures a steady economy despite regime changes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The crucial roles of the Fed of conducting economic research and using the results to design effective fiscal and monetary policy are the keynote of the article. Results of the Federal Reserve meetings are highly anticipated as they determine a lot in the economy; borrowing and lending rates, inflation and the economic environment that determines economic activity like investment and stock trading.

The Federal Reserve thus largely determines the economic direction of the country; often making tough decisions that are necessary for the stability of the economy. These decisions are usually double-edged e.g. lowering rates is beneficial to those borrowing and less lucrative to those who seek to save and some policies are either long-term or short-term thus favor and disadvantage different people in the economy. Thus far, the Federal Reserve has kept to its main role; to keep the country’s economy stable.

Works Cited Hilsenrath, Jon. “Fed Considers More Action Amid New Recovery Doubts.” The Wall Street Journal. June 6, 2012. Web.


Summary: “Trade Protectionism Rises as Economies Slow” by Sudeep Reddy Essay online essay help: online essay help

This summary and analysis looks at an article from the Wall Street Journal dated 14th June 2012 and written by Sudeep Reddy. The article titled “Trade Protectionism Rises as Economies Slow” contends that economic slowdown in many regions around the world has made many nations to turn to trade protectionism to ensure that their economies are protected against trade threats from external economies and global competition.

The article, which quotes the report of Global Trade Alert observes that more than 100 trade protectionist measures have been implemented by various countries across the world since the G20 summit meeting of 2011. Furthermore, of all the protectionist measures implemented, about 81% were implemented by the G20 members (Sudeep par. 1).

Among the trade protection measures adopted by the various countries include export restrictions and imposing of higher tariffs. These measures were particularly spiked by the financial crisis of the 2008. Since international trade is generally governed by certain rules, which every country trading must adhere to, countries have turned to stealthier protectionism to avoid the trade the impact of the trade rules by circumventing around them (Sudeep par. 2).

It is observed that most culprits of the trade protectionism are members of the European Union who have used at least 302 discriminatory measures. The members of the European Union are followed by Russia and Argentina sharing half the number of trade protectionism measures per member.

One of the countries highly affected by these trade protectionism measures includes China at the top and other members of the European Union. The article closes by observing that the G-20 countries have failed to effectively fight protectionism and keep the world trading system open (Sudeep par. 3).

As trade recently moved from local or national economies to the current globalized trade regimes, there has been desire to remove trade barriers in the international trade hence improve efficiency and remove friction in trade between countries. Nevertheless, free trade and trade protectionism both have advantages and disadvantages.

For the part of advantages of protectionism, most countries seem to turn to protectionism to instill stability in their local markets, which is disrupted when free trade causes instability due to interruption from external firms and competitors. Protectionism also comes in another form where the particular country establishes anti-dumping regulations meant to ensure that cheap goods and products are not brought into the economy thereby unleashing unfair competition to the local producers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Exchange rates are also used as tools to ensure protection to country economies in a number of ways. For instance, China has recently been accused of pegging its currency on the US Dollar. To China, fluctuations that result from speculation are avoided thus ensuring stability in trade especially for its traders since there is some sort of predictability for what the near future of trade might look like.

One of the major drawbacks of the fixed exchange rate regime is that a country’s Central Bank or the Federal Reserve (for the US) easily loses control of the money supply due to the need for constantly intervening in the foreign trade market to ascertain that the BOP is maintained at 0. This may come with an added problem whereby the country’s BOP positions may be distorted, be it negatively or positively.

In conclusion, the article author is justified to decry the protectionist measures taken by the economies because it is not easy to ensure market efficiency where countries practice protectionism since every country will have its own measures hence bring more conflict in the international trade.

Works Cited: Sudeep, Reddy. “Trade Protectionism Rises as Economies Slow” Wall Street Journal, 2012. Web. .


Summary: “In the Red: Chinese Banks Moving Into U.S. Market” by Danielle Kurtzleben Essay writing essay help

Federal Reserve controls financial activities in USA in order to safe guard interests of American citizens. This means that they control businesses to make sure that their citizens are given the first priority in investments. Then foreigners get considered after the locals have established their businesses. The author of this article explains how the Federal Reserve has cleared a Chinese bank to run its operations in USA.

In fact, this has been the first foreign bank in history be allowed to take over an American bank. The industrial and commercial bank of China were allowed to buy high percentage stake in a bank which was a subsidiary of the bank of East Asia. There were other banks from China which were allowed by the central bank to open branches in Chicago and New York. These banks are bank of China and the Agricultural bank of China.

These changes have been achieved due to the fact that American leaders have realized that they can trust investors from other countries to save some of their dying institution. Some readers term these as great achievements in American history.

For instance, in 2009 the American government declined to allow a Chinese bank to buy a falling united commercial bank (Kurtzleben 24). This was due to strict policies put forward by the federal government leaders who believed that America can solve its problems solely.

Current American leaders are considering allowing foreign investors into their country in order to get access to external market for their products. This can be achieved by first ensuring that the relationship is enhanced between target countries and USA. Many people were shocked because it was unusual for a bank from a communist country to take over U.S banks and their branches.

Moreover, the central bank scrutinized Chinese banks before approving them to carry out their operations in American market. In fact, China had to maintain international standards in order to have its banks allowed to operate in America. This means that the IMF had to approve banking standards in China. Americans are bowing down to pressure brought about by globalization hence allowing foreign investors into their economy.

Chartering is where banks are permitted to carry out business in given places. For instance, Chinese banks got charters from federal leaders. This means that these banks did not just venture into the market but went through thorough scrutiny to ensure that they met American banking standards. For many years, American leaders practiced regulatory forbearance, which aimed at improving banks competitiveness hence helping them to solve their own problems.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This was aimed at keeping off foreign investors regardless of how much the business deteriorated. Eventually American leaders decided to bow down to pressure exerted to them by globalization to revise their regulations regarding foreign investors. This is extremely powerful because there is a need for various organizations and countries to come together in order to reap from globalization.

Therefore, America had no option but to allow China and other states to venture into its economy. In return, America has to enjoy several benefits which include business deals. This happens where China gives America fantastic deals hence encouraging them to improve their businesses in China. Globalization has contributed to increase in foreign investments due to enhanced communication networks. Therefore, every country should embrace globalization by encouraging foreign investors to their markets.

Works Cited Kurtzleben, Danielle. “In the Red: Chinese Banks Moving Into U.S. Market.” USNews. May 10, 2012. Web.


Divine and Human Forgiveness in “Rime of the Ancient Mariner” By Samuel Taylor Coleridge Essay essay help free: essay help free

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is a poem created by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It is actually the longest poem that has ever been written. Coleridge wrote the poem in the year 1797-98 and the first edition of the book was published in the year 1798. The poem Rime of the Ancient Mariner was the first British Romantic literature to be written. The poem is about a seaman who narrates a terrifying and weird tale to another man.

The setting of the poem is in the street in a surrounding where there is a hall where a reception for a wedding was to be held. There are also sailing ships containing 201 crew members together with ancient mariner, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and the South Pole. The mode of the poem is inexplicable, ethereal and preternatural.

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner instigate with classical Greek catastrophe whereby a young man who has been affronted against the pagan forces is condemned to ramble around the world and reiterate his tale to those people who pass-by after the daemon inside him drove him to do that.

There is much themes covered by Coleridge in the poem and some include fate, death-in-life and fortune. Other themes include divinity and forgiveness. This paper mainly investigates how Coleridge has used the concept of divine and forgiveness in the poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.

Coleridge has wrote about a Mariner telling his own account of forgiveness and sin to a group of young adults who were on their way to take part in a wedding ceremony. The Mariner gives an account of how he became responsible for the loss of lives of those people who had boarded the ship which he was sailing.

This was after he killed a certain creature that would have been responsible for transporting them by supplying them with the winds to sail them back home after the ship had hit a plateau while it was moving in the sea.

The major theme of the poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is mainly God’s forgiveness. This is because the Mariner had faith and believed that despite committing the terrible sin, God had freed him from his sins through forgiveness since he blamed himself for the deaths of those who had boarded the sea.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is why he had the courage to tell other people about his story. He actually thought that it was his divine purpose to tell everyman what God had done to him for them to believe that their sins too can be forgiven. After killing the albatross who was suppose to provide them with wind, all the people in the ship died but he managed to survive because he had asked God to forgive him all the sins that he had committed.

When Mariner prayed to God to forgive him, the curse and the soul of the crew could not manage to enter heaven since its soul was broken. This is why the Mariners life was spared from death and thereafter the heavenly Angels guided the crewman’s soul to the afterlife so that it may not cause any more deaths to other people who did not cause its death. It is the divine purpose of God and the heavenly Angels to protect anyone who believes in him from death especially if they repent their sins.

Every soul that repents its sins shall be spared and protected from the enemy. The albatross fell from Mariner neck after he whispered a prayer and this is when the guilt that he had been carrying left him. After this, the crew’s remains developed to good spirits which made the boat to rise and guide the ship which had broken down back to the dry lands.

However, before the boat docked, it sinks down in a whirlpool and again Mariner managed to survive. This actually a divine intervention since he had now survived death two times. His prayers had truly saved him from all manner of disasters and death.

Forgiveness is also evidence in the poem whereby the Mariner asks Hermit for forgiveness. However, the Mariner is forced to execute his penance in order to be forgiven of his sins by Hermit. After the ship had sunk in the whirlpool, Hermit was the only witness who saw the ship sink.

He Hermit went with a company of a pilot and a boat that belonged to the pilot’s boy to rescue anyone that was still in the boat. After heaving Mariner from the sea, the three believed that he was not alive until he spoke to them. Immediately Hermit decided to pray for Mariner and in the process he joins him in prayer.

The pilot’s boy thinks that the man lying down in the sand is a devil who is able to pray and quote verses from the bible. In the ocean, there was divine intervention when the wind and the waves stopped and the boats could now travel safely and at a speed that is incredible. The boat managed to sail safely and with high speed despite the fact that it was in a poor condition. This was actually unrealistic which means that it must have just been divine intervention.

We will write a custom Essay on Divine and Human Forgiveness in “Rime of the Ancient Mariner” By Samuel Taylor Coleridge specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another part where there was divine intervention is when Mariner was burning from the inside. Mariner was left with a deep burning heart to share with the people what he encountered in the sea. He walked around teaching people to love one another whether one is big or small since the Lord God who is the creator of the universe loves us all.

The disaster caused by the dead albatross is a lesson to everyone; it shows that humans should respect all God’s creation without looking down on any because you may not know whether it is the devil or it is meant to bring you luck in your life. If humans are able to respect all creatures created by God whether it is a bird or an ant, then it means that they will have totally obedience towards God himself. There is no way humans can claim to love God yet they have no respect for other creatures.

Human beings can only be close to God in prayers if they are willing to respect all the creatures of God whether big or small. He was indeed touched by the miracle that he received from the sea and that is why he wanted to share it out with every individual he met. His story was indeed touching and it managed to change the listener’s minds and hearts concerning love and that is why they woke up the next day feeling wiser and sadder.

The story of Mariner teaches us that despite the fact that humans are creatures full of sins; they can be redeemed of their sins if they humble themselves and repent before their creator who is God. All their wrongdoings and evil pasts will be forgiven. After confessing his sins to Hermit regarding his guilt for killing those people whom he was sailing back home, Mariner is forgiven and given the mandate to travel throughout the world to narrate his strange and mysterious experience to strangers.

Hermit’s divine work is to pray and revere back God’s creatures who have are in misery and have repented their sins. When Mariner failed to honor the commands that had been set by God, he is made to suffer. This was God’s way of making him understand that all things are equal before him hence should be treated with care and dignity without which they shall be punished. Mariner was cast out of the realm of divinity since he was considered a sinner after killing the albatross.

This case is similar to that of Cain in the bible whereby God was angered after Cain killed Abel and cursed him to wander in the world. Anyone who betrays Christ by committing sin cannot go without any form of punishment unless they repent. Their divinity will be lost until they become bold enough to repent their sins.

He can be compared to Judas who slay down the spirit of Christian, the person who was to guide him to deliverance by saving his soul and make him more divine, Mariner too committed the same crime. He killed the animal that was to lead them home and make them understand what divine is. Mariner had to pay dearly for killing the Albatross which is being compared to Christ.

The Albatross hanged itself around Mariner’s neck as a sign of sin. However, Mariner is forgiven his sins after he began to look at the sea creatures in a positive way. That is the time the rain started falling from heaven and it baptized him immediately after he said a prayer but this however was not an assurance of salvation. Mariner was then kept safe by God to act as a prophet to pass across the truth concerning the goodness and greatness of God.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Divine and Human Forgiveness in “Rime of the Ancient Mariner” By Samuel Taylor Coleridge by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He was to proclaim it to everyone he met so that they too become aware of the importance of God’s creation. He was to make the people aware of how precious God’s creations are before his sight and anyone who things hostile or evil towards them will definitely be punished just like was punished.

Only those who value and view God’s creatures to be beautiful shall find favor before God. Humans should love all creatures the same way and should not consider any as a monster. Mariner did not care that he had stopped the people from attending a wedding because he was aware of his divine purpose and why he was alive on that day and he wanted to share it with everyone who could listen to him.

In conclusion, God wants everyone to value his creation whether small or big, ugly or beautiful and anyone who looks down upon any creation will be punished. God however, is merciful to those who repents from their sins and accept that they had been wrong.

This is exactly what happened to Mariner. Despite being spared from death, he underwent a bitter experience in the sea which forced him to change his mind concerning how he views God’s creation. His life was spared after he changed his attitude towards God’s creation and after realizing and repenting for having killed the Albatross. God spared his life for a divine purpose which he was expected to fulfill.


Reflective Entry: “Enrique’s Journey” by Sonia Nazario Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

The book Enrique’s Journey by Sonia Nazario is one of the most appealing books of recent decades. The book dwells upon the journey of a Hispanic boy to the USA. The teenager is trying to find his mother who left him to earn money. The boy receives the money. But the lack of his mother makes him anxious and miserable. He has to face numerous hardships but he manages to achieve his goal and reunite with his mother.

Apart from providing in-depth insights into the issue of immigration, the book highlights another important issue. The book is concerned with the issue of childhood traumas. Levine and Kline identify many reasons for childhood traumas (18). Loss is one of the most serious traumas a child can face. Of course, people often ‘underestimate’ children’s cognitive ability. Many adults think children do not understand many things. This may be true. However, even though children do not understand something, they feel everything.

Thus, when a child loses one of those he loves, this can lead to serious problems in future (Levine and Kline 5). Of course, the loss of mother is one of the hardest traumas. The book under consideration portrays this kind of trauma. Enrique is devoted to his mother and he “loves her deeply, as only a son can” (Nazario 3).

Of course, when his mother lives, he cannot understand anything, but he suffers as he does not have the closest one beside him. Nazario notes that children idealize their mothers when they are left for good (7). These children cannot fill in the emptiness which makes them suffer and/or seek for love.

There is a very suggestive passage at the beginning of the book. Lourdes’s job is to take care of a three-old child who always cries when her mother goes to work (Nazario 9). This short loss makes the child suffer greatly. Admittedly, Enrique’s sufferings are much deeper. Therefore, the boy decides to go to the USA to reunite with his mother. He has to live through a lot of difficulties (he is starving, he is in danger, he has no one to ask for help) to fill in his emptiness.

It is necessary to note that there are certain ways to address this trauma. Of course, Enrique cannot address a specialist and obtain professional help. He finds his own way to get rid of his problems. Nazario points out that 75% of “the unaccompanied children” go to the USA “looking for their mothers” (3). The book reveals all those horrors and dangers these children have to face.

The book raises many questions. Of course, it is difficult to think of particular measures to undertake to create appropriate conditions in such countries as Honduras. However, one of the major questions raised is concerned with the childhood trauma. It is possible to encourage children to remain in their families without facing lots of dangers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The book reveals one of possible ways to address the childhood trauma. Obviously, this way is too dangerous. It is essential to think of other ways to address the loss. Children should be able to fill in the emptiness to be able to wait until their closest people return.

Discussion question: Based on the novel, what are ineffective and effective ways to address the childhood trauma of loss?

Works Cited Levine, Peter A. and Maggie Kline. Trauma Through a Child’s Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2006. Print.

Nazario, Sonia. Enrique’s Journey. New York, NY: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2007. Print.


The Ottoman military and political organization Essay custom essay help

The Ottoman army started in 1826 when Sultan Mahmud II destroyed the janissaries. His government was highly centralized with the Sultan as the top leader. Due to the empire’s expansion, administrative problems started. This forced the Sultan to adopt the European model for his military organization. The infantry corps and the trained victorious troops of Sultan were formed. Bostanci corps was changed to modern corps consisting of imperial guards.

Existing military units were modified to provide basic military services. The command structure was led by a commander in chief of the Mansure called ser asker who was based at Bab-i Ser Asker. He had power over the wars and general staff. This led to separation of powers where the military performed the executive functions and civil authorities took the administration.

However the Ottomans territory was subdivided into vilayet headed by a governor. The central government was composed of the House of Osman which included the Sultan and his staff (Avigdor 103). The chief adviser to the House of Osman was Grand Vizier and the noble class.

In 1827, Mahmud II founded Military medical schools, renewed the military engineering schools and founded another officer school in 1834.This schools were under Russia and Britain instructors. Other services were provided by the Prussian military mission, which later grew from one to twelve officers between 1835 and 1837. Large military units with provincial militia as reserve forces were established in a move to strengthen the military.

However, this was affected by disease outbreak which affected most of the recruits leading to desertion by the recruits. The highly developed army then became a poor organization. Many lives were lost in the wars with Russia and Egypt. This limited the progressive development of the army. Only 90,000men from all the services remained by the end of Sultan’s reign (Ralston 19).

The commander in chief of the Mansure built the army afresh on the few structures left and established new departments between 1839–1876.In 1843 the army had regained its initial strength. Permanent territorial commanders consisting army corps were established. Field marshals were in charge of the territories and reported to the commander in chief.

The provincial governors powers in military affairs were then reduced to centralized the power and give high authority to the commander in chief (Shaw 77). The military expanded further to five other Territorial Army corps based at Istanbul increasing the forces to about 250,000 men.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Abdülaziz then took over and brought weapons and instructors from Germany to improve training. In 1855 he enrolled youths to schools to fight illiteracy. Many youths then became soldiers. They then played an important defeated them. Abdülaziz reign extended between1861-1876(Ralston 89).

The army expanded further to acquire modern weapons under Abdülhamit II who ruled between 1876 to1909.Although he was assisted by the German’s he became a dictator. He personally appointed and promoted officers in the army. Abdülhamit reign faced a lot of problems with the young educated officers with liberal ideas crying foul of his rule. They joined the Young Turk movement in 1908 and overthrew Abdülhamit.

The Young Turk Revolution succeeded in establishing a constitutional government. During the World War I, it had grown to about 640,000 men who successfully fought in the war especially in Gallipoli and Iraq in1915 – 1916 and defending Anatolia from foreign invasions. The Ottoman’s rule the collapsed and the Turkish republic then took over (Shaw 56).

Works Cited Avigdor, Levy. “The Officer Corps of Sultan Mahmud II’s New Ottoman Army, 1826 – 1839.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 2 (1971): 21 – 39. Print.

Ralston, David. Importing the European Army: The Introduction of European Military Techniques and Institutions into the Extra-European World, 1600 – 1914. Chicagos, 2007. Print.

Shaw, Stanford and Shaw, Ezel Kural. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Vol. 2: Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey, 1808 – 1975. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.Print.

Robinson, Francis, Cambridge Illustrated History of the Islamic World.Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press ,2009.Print

We will write a custom Essay on The Ottoman military and political organization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sowell, Kirk. The Arab World, an Illustrated History.New York: Hippocrene Books,2004.


Artistic Analysis of The Film “Farewell My Concubine” by Chen Kaige Essay (Movie Review) essay help online: essay help online

The art of the Peking Opera is a specific phenomenon in the Chinese culture which combines several different arts as one whole. This traditional theatre which was founded in the 18th century is based on dancing, singing, fighting, and the creative music performance. Thus, the performers who develop various mythical and usual everyday plots are the main figures in this theatre in comparison with the role of writers and directors in creating the performance (Wichmann, 1990).

In spite of the fact the history of China is full of different dramatic events which changed the social and cultural life of the Chinese people greatly, the main aspects of the Peking Opera remained unchanged, and this unique cultural phenomenon survived in the context of the significant revolutionary changes. The history of the Peking Opera is a vivid background for the development of the plot of the Chinese drama movie Farewell My Concubine which was directed by Chen Kaige and presented in 1993.

The main characters of the movie are the Peking Opera’s stars, and all the events are presented in the context of the Opera. Thus, the peculiarities of the Peking Opera are discussed not only as the part of the Chinese cultural life but also as the reflection of the definite life ideology according to which all the people are the actors and the life is a greatly performed drama.

In his Farewell My Concubine, Chen Kaige concentrates on several topics and ideas. However, to understand the complexity of the director’s vision of the movie as a piece of art, it is necessary to focus on the role of the Peking Opera for the development of the main idea in the movie and on the interdependence of the main characters’ living their life with their acting.

Dieyi and Xiaolou are the performers of the Peking Opera troupe who spend all their life studying and acting in the Opera. Thus, the performances in the Opera are the ordinary part of their everyday life because they do not know the other way of living.

In spite of the fact Chen Kaige presents a wide retrospective of the Chinese history during the period between 1925 and 1977 years, and the characters become the witnesses of such great events as the Japanese invasion of China, World War II, the Chinese civil war, the Communist regime, and the Cultural Revolution, the main accent is made on the Peking Opera as the arena of the major events in the movie and as the symbolical representation of the image of the Dieyi and Xiaolou’s life (Farewell My Concubine, 1993).

However, why does the director pay so much attention to the Peking Opera with depicting it as one more significant element of the plot? The answer to this question is closely associated with the role of theatres in the Chinese people’s lives. Combining the aspects of the historical context, social activity, and cultural development, theatres became the “spaces of social liberation and gender experimentation and sites over which various social fractions…competed for control, while drama as a medium of cultural communication came to be seen as crucial to shaping citizens’ political attitudes and social behavior” (Goldstein, 2007, p. 8).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, the idea of the theatre performance contributed not only to the public’s cultural enlightening and entertainment but also to forming their definite social and political visions. That is why the destinies of Dieyi and Xiaolou are discussed in the context of their working at the Peking Opera where they had the opportunity to experience all the aspects of the life while performing at stage.

The love story which is depicted as a triangle between Dieyi, Xiaolou, and Juxian develops according to the theatrical traditions where all the feelings and emotions of the performers are exaggerated. Thus, Dieyi and Xiaolou are famous for their roles in the traditional Chinese opera about the king and his concubine. Moreover, the distribution of the roles and female and masculine features between the performers and their attitude to the roles are also reflected in their personal life and relations.

The gender shift which is characterized for the Chinese theatres influences the changes in the gender roles and determining the characters’ sexuality in the real life. From this point, the image of the Peking Opera can be discussed as the symbol of the people’s life in which individuals are inclined to play their roles. However, the real life has few similarities with the vivid performances of the Opera, and it is even brutal sometimes.

The tragedy in the theatre is always a kind of the highly emotional and impressive performance, and Chen Kaige depicts the most brutal and rather tragic moments of the everyday life with several emphatic details as it is in the scene when Dieyi’s mother chops off his son extra finger in order he could be accepted to the opera school (Farewell My Concubine, 1993).

Moreover, the scenes of the boys’ studying at school, with accentuating those difficulties which they experienced there, are changed with the scenes of the bright and impressive performances in the Peking Opera which can be discussed as the artificial picture which is used to hide the reality.

The cultural heritage of the Peking Opera’s tradition is presented in each detail depicted in the movie and even in the artistic manner to represent the events and situations provided by the director. Contrasting the events in the Peking Opera with the historical context, Chen Kaige also uses the contrasts to create the vivid movie picture.

Presenting the chaos of the historical background and analyzing the main characters’ obscure intentions and desires, the director looks at the picture through the smoke and mist in order to present his vision of this or that image to the audience. The most important moments connected with the aspects of the personal relations are also seem to be accentuated as the performers’ traits and gestures which are emphasized in the Peking Opera.

We will write a custom Essay on Artistic Analysis of The Film “Farewell My Concubine” by Chen Kaige specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is an important historical fact that such a unique and specific cultural phenomenon as the Peking Opera was adopted by the Communist authorities and continued to develop in spite of the various examples when the other elements of the Chinese traditions were forbidden or changed according to the new political and social tendencies (Wichmann, 1990). Thus, Chen Kaige prefers to portray the Opera as the extraordinary world which is full of its peculiarities.

That is why the main characters’ perception of the key historical events and changes is affected by the impact of the Peking Opera’s atmosphere. Nevertheless, it is impossible to say that the director avoids depicting the characteristic features of the period discussed in the movie with concentrating on the peculiarities of the theatre life.

The viewers have the great opportunity to observe the peculiar features of the relations between people who follow different political views, the specific behavior of the revolutionaries, the considerations of those friends and lovers who are confused by their strange and chaotic relationships.

Thus, the historical processes affect the personal behavior in China, but Chen Kaige shifts the accents from depicting the story from the historical context to the cultural prism of the Peking Opera’s atmosphere which seems to be so close and so distant from any political and social revolutions.

Chen Kaige presents the reflection of the social and political events at stage while concentrating on the actors’ emotions and inner attitudes to the changes. The author also accentuates that in spite of the illusion of the theatre, it is impossible to be indifferent to those situations and events which are round the person.

It is possible to discuss Chen Kaige’s Farewell My Concubine (1993) from several positions and points of view. Nevertheless, the director himself concentrated on combining his vision of the historical background of the described events with the history of the Peking Opera which is presented in the movie in each detail and can be perceived as the symbolic representation of the real life which is full of emotions, passions, and tragedies.

The main characters of Farewell My Concubine try to find the right ways in their lives with the help of following the principles of the theatre because their living is a constant vivid and emotional performance. Farewell My Concubine is a multidimensional movie which can be analyzed according to its various levels in different ways and with references to the position of the director as an artist or with accentuating the audience’s position.

References Farewell My Concubine [Video file] (1993). Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Artistic Analysis of The Film “Farewell My Concubine” by Chen Kaige by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Goldstein, J. (2007). Drama kings: Players and publics in the re-creation of Peking Opera, 1870-1937. USA: University of California Press.

Wichmann, E. (1990). Tradition and innovation in contemporary Beijing Opera performance. TDR, 34(1), 146–178.


Gender Treatment: Changing Role of Women in Modern Society Essay essay help online

In the last 50 years, the role and social functions of women have dramatically been changed due to extreme desire of women to fight for their rights and freedoms. The emergence of feminist movements allows male society to reconsider their attitudes to the roles of women. Specifically, the conventional views on women as mothers, wives, and friends have been blurred with the emergence of emancipated movement leading to the professional equality of women.

More and more females occupy leading positions at the top of managerial ladder by brining in confidence in other women. Significant advances have been achieved by women in educational, industrial, and social sphere. Despite the valuable contribution that women made to the development of society, the role reversal between US men and women is demonstrated most explicitly and painfully in the working class, having significant cultural and political consequences for the development of the American society.

So far, it was hard to imagine that women can occupy the leading positions in industrial, scientific, educational, and political spheres, since men were traditionally believed to be the most suitable for these professional areas. Nowadays, these stereotypes have been blurred and, as a result, a plethora of advances has been introduced to various social and cultural spheres.

In particular, because male prevailing society prevented them from learning, “knowledge…make[s] them question the binding power of the conventions and believes which…would show them how to achieve their freedom” (Barnes, 2009, p. 22). Education, therefore, was the only path to achieve privileges that men had. Moreover, women’s desire to gain advantage over men led to the achievement of the economic independence, as well as advances made in industrial spheres.

The criticism of gender differences has touched on the changes in top corporate positions that were previously taken by men. Thus, the shift of power from men to women has allowed the latter to possess greater control of middle management positions. The statistics shows that “women now hold 51.4 percent of managerial and processional jobs – up from 26.1 percent in 1980” (Rosin, 2010, n. p.).

Because of ongoing suppressions, women activated their aspirations to go through the barriers and acquire professional credentials to prove their knowledge is a valuable asset to the development of society. Thus, women have managed heighten the corporate performance and, therefore, each firm thinking beyond stereotypes ad interested in profits succeeded significantly in recruiting high-potential and skillful women.

Role reversal of American men and women have significantly affected cultural and political atmosphere in the United States. Clair (2011) emphasizes, “given the trends of pushing economy and society, this domination seems like a last gasp of a dying age” (p. 147).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Though male professionals hold about 15 job categories, women have captured the rest, including nursing, teaching, manufacturing, etc. Therefore, the role reversal has made women dominate and become even more independent and confident. As a result, women have become less reliant on men and, as result, the latter are now less independent and resolute.

In conclusion, the advances in various facets of societal development have posited women to higher professional positions. Advances made in education, industry, and leadership has significantly feminized the modern culture. Men become more development on women’s culture and companies encourage gifted and promising women to apply for their positions.

References Barnes, E. (2009). Woman in Modern Society. US: Echo Library.

Clair, M. (2011). So Much, So Fast, So Little Time: Coming to Terms with Rapid Change and its Consequences. US: ABC-CLIO.

Rosin, H. (2010). The End of Men. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/07/the-end-of-men/308135/


Executional Report: Advertisements Testing Report essay help online free

Table of Contents The purpose of this final ad testing

A description of the sample of students

Testing procedure




The purpose of this final ad testing The study was carried out by students to find out various aspects that contribute to effective marketing communication. These targeted various methods of communicating to customers and evaluated their efficiency and effectiveness. Effectiveness of marketing communication tools is extremely valuable because it helps marketers to pass the intended message to their customers without having to waste a lot of resources (Duncan 2002, p.98).

In fact, every organization has cost reduction and profit maximization as its main objectives. This means that if marketers are able to reach as many customers as possible by incurring minimal costs, then the organization remains on the right development track. Therefore, marketers should make sure that they come up with effective advertisements that reach customers in the most appropriate manner.

For instance, the message should be accompanied by various aspects that will attract the target audience hence influencing their decisions towards the products in subject. Advertisements should be designed in a way such that they catch the glimpse of target customers easily. For instance, if marketers want to communicate to females as their target consumers, they should know the colors that seem to appeal to them. In addition, they should include aspects aiming at specific age brackets in order to touch the hearts of their target consumers.

Final advertisements testing were carried to find out how effective they are in reaching customers. In the test, products mostly used by young people were used since the survey was carried in a university set up. This means that the survey wanted to establish whether marketers meet their target in posting advertisements in magazines. This is particularly beneficial because it may help in determining the number of youths who read magazines.

If the number is small, then marketers have to reconsider using magazines as a medium for communicating to their target market. If many youths read magazines, then marketers can take advantage of the situation to advertise their products in magazines. In addition, the final testing of advertisements sought to establish the impact of using colored advertisements to customers.

This is the reason why colored advertisements were tested along advertisements in black and white. These tests were conducted to establish how well customers understood messages in black and white advertisements. Marketers can find out the best way of presenting their advertisements through recommendations made after analyzing results obtained after these tests (Copley 2004, p.47).

A description of the sample of students The sample of this study was selected from a population of university students. This means that the study targeted people within the age bracket of between 18 and 24 years. These are youths who use specific products targeted by the study. Since there were various products on study, students from both genders were used in the study. This was noteworthy because males and females have differed characteristics hence calling for inclusion of their diverse thoughts.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, female youths may be excited by certain colors or creatures in the world which may seem not to impress their male counterparts. The sample selection was done in a way such that all aspects of gender will be considered. In addition, marketers need to know exactly how youths from different genders perceive their brands. For instance, if they need to market female shoes and other attires, males need to make their comments, as well.

This is terribly valuable because, in many cases, it is men who shop for their girlfriends. This means that marketers should understand what men look at when buying stuffs for their ladies. Therefore, marketers may be able to design advertisements in a way such that both genders are welcomed. The role played by the selected sample in this study is hugely significant because they represent youths in the society.

The sample was selected randomly to ensure that people from various departments participated in the study. This was aimed at ensuring that people from different schools of thoughts were considered. This is crucial because it eliminates chances of influencing outcomes. For instance, if the study targeted marketing students only, chances are high that the result will be manipulated. This is because marketing students may represent some predetermined aspects hence affecting the originality of responses given by participants.

A masterly study should involve participants who give their genuine feelings and responses regarding given questions. In addition, the sample size was relatively small to make sure that adequate time was given to each participant. This ensures that the accuracy of data collected remains high. A lot of information can be obtained by interviewing few participants hence leading to increased accuracy of the report and results obtained.

Testing procedure The testing procedure was carried out in a way such that participants responded to the questions independently. This means that the setup of the testing room was in a way such that no one was allowed to discuss with each other. This was aimed at ensuring that respondents wrote down what they thought from the advertisements shown to them. First of all, a quiet classroom was set up with four tables arranged in a row.

This was to ensure that each respondent sat on their own table (Fill 2002, p. 56). In addition, there was a projector screen set in a way such that all respondents could view everything displayed on them. This is tremendously beneficial since all the four participants needed to view the images to be displayed onto the screens. Participants were given two booklets for the tests, and this was to make sure that the testing will run simultaneously.

Pens were provided, as well. Then they were instructed not to do anything until they are instructed to do so. The aim of advising them in this dimension was to ensure that they do not get what is expected to be done prior to instructions. This may influence end results since respondents may have more time that which is specified in the study guide.

We will write a custom Report on Executional Report: Advertisements Testing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Respondents were requested to read the first page on their booklet, which introduced them to the entire procedure. Then they were told not to open any other page until they are advised to do so. This was hugely valuable because it ensures that they do not learn about questions to be answered before viewing the images.

Then the students were shown some advertisements through the projector screen. Students were expected to view images and wait until they finish viewing all of them before stating their evaluation. Participants were required to answer questions in their booklets after viewing advertisements on the screen and these questions aided in their evaluations.

The test was completed after involved students answered the set questions which helped in the study (Black 2004, p 101). These questions helped in evaluation of customer perception towards advertisements in magazines. In addition, answers obtained reflected exactly what youths think about advertisements.

Analysis/findings During analysis of the data obtained it was found that most of students involved in the study found these advertisements particularly appealing. This means that they enjoyed viewing images contained in advertisements displayed on the projector screen. It was also found that students do not read advertisements in magazines. In fact, out of the four participants no one confessed that they read advertisements in magazines.

This means that this would be an exceedingly poor platform to market products targeting youths. It can be a waste of resources since they do not have time to read advertisements in magazines and this may end up into losses. Furthermore, youths do not buy magazines and those who buy are guided by their own interests such as entertainment. This means that youths rarely buy magazines that may contain advertisements of brands that concern them.

After viewed several advertisements and then asked to list advertisements that they can remember from the display, they all remembered given advertisements such as mountain dew and SkyDrive (Adcock 2000, p. 73). This means that, among all advertisements displayed to the students, they remembered those concerning brands they need in their lives.

The rest was not relevant to them, and this means that marketers need to understand what consumer tastes and preferences are before coming up with advertisements. Half of the students involved in the study did not remember an advertisement on data storage. This means that according to them, they may not be in need of data storage devices or have little information about such devices.

All participants said that they were familiar with SkyDrive. This means that they might have learnt about it in their lives. Therefore, the terminology was not a new one to them. However, they denied having any experience with SkyDrive and further they said that they were quite unknowledgeable about the device.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Executional Report: Advertisements Testing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In addition, all participants said that they had never seen an advertisement on SkyDrive before the study. This means that young people do not take time to see what is in magazines. Marketers of SkyDrive should look for other medium of communicating to university students since it is evident from the study that students do not read advertisements on magazines.

The four participants thought that the advertisements were displayed to test whether they were enjoyable to viewers. In addition, they though that displayed advertisements were to show whether they were well written (Conrad 2004, p.26). This means that these students had no idea about any message being communicated in those advertisements.

The advertisement in black and white was ruled out by most of the participants. In fact, they liked the advertisement in color and confessed that it was more relevant to university students since it contained various gadgets that are used by university students.

Recommendations/conclusions From findings and results of the study, marketers can be recommended to carryout market research exceedingly well to identify other modes of communicating to their target groups. This means that they should consider platforms where youths spend most of their time such as televisions sets and entertainment joints. In addition, they should make sure that their advertisements comprise of attractive colors and contain clear messages for customers to decode.

Other marketing communication tools should be administered in reaching the target market, as well. For instance, SkyDrive marketers should consider having promotions in universities to enable more youth to learn about the product.

Finally, marketers should make sure that they convey intelligible messages that customers can understand. It was worrying to learn that participants in this study could hardly decode messages contained in the advertisements. Instead, they just acknowledged the entertainment element in those advertisements.

References Adcock, D 2000, Marketing Strategies for Competitive Advantage, John Wiley


Integration of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 Essay (Book Review) college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Similarities between the criteria of ISO 9001: 2008 and ISO 14001: 2004

Integrating ISO 9001 with ISO14001 encompasses linking quality management with environmental management. Reflectively, the two certification of quality have similar advantages in saving of costs and improving effectiveness and efficiency in management of business entity. As a matter of fact, ISO 14001 demands definite procedural process for identification and assessment of environmental impacts and aspects.

Despite lack of direct comparison in ISO 9001, critical information from it is critical in carrying out the needed impact and aspect assessments. Besides, both systems require legal design control clauses in regulating the management processes which must align to similar set codes and standards (“Telarc Quality Management Systems: ISO 14001:2004 and ISO 9001:2008”, par.3).

Moreover, the two management quality assessment certification procedures require definite objective revolving on quality which must be integrated as a desired threshold for quality policy. In fact, despite differences in formality of quality plans documentation, requirements for quality are the same. Notwithstanding, these quality ISO standards demand existence of defined responsibilities that are clearly written down.

These responsibilities incorporate job description and scope of cover as the basis for distributing quality measurement. The two standards of certification require quantifiable training needs and verifiable procedures for providing the same. In the process of carrying out their verification, the subject team in both cases is expected to be qualified for specific duties assigned. Notably, the two standards of ISO certification require documented management systems that are flexible and professional in line with defined standards.

These standards must include documented control management systems that are regularly audited and formally scheduled in line with expected procedures. These procedures incorporate same personnel and methods for management review. Conclusively, the two standards share same non conformity corrective measures and documentation control.

Integrating ISO 9001: 2008 and ISO 14001: 2004 documentation system

The process of integrating ISO 9001: 2008 and 14001: 2004 documentation systems is not complex since ISO 14001 has a compatible design specification standard almost similar to that of ISO 9001. Therefore, integrating documentation systems for these standards of certification involves application of an “integrated system approach which is highly recommended” (Adhikari 56).

Due to presence of overlapping concepts in their documentation systems, it is possible to reuse, reference, and combine them in order to reduce and lower costs on rework since they share similar procedures. After management review of the documentation systems, it is healthy to fuse the similar normative references since they share same scope in definition and terms of reference.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More After this, the system should then factorize similar documentation adjustments in order to tone down noticeable variances such as records of control and frequency of recording. When this is successfully assimilated into the latter, it is within desirable limits to roll out the integration procedure to include entire control and evaluation changes.

In the process of doing so, it is possible to create a complete and comprehensive documentation system which incorporates variances that might exist between these standards of ISO certification (Tricker 34). At the same time, the new documentation system will be intrinsic of management reviews and audits that are recorded periodically in line with evaluation records of the certification officer.

Preparing and conducting an internal audit In order to prepare and conduct a successful internal audit as the quality manager, I will adopt a macro adjustment within micro units of evaluation. This procedure involves micro audits carried out to macro manage a firm and review the same for quality in management system.

At personal level, I will concentrate the audit to communication and finance departments in order to determine documentation and integration of the channels for communication within the firm. In my audit statement, the underlying key procedure for reviewing authenticity of information obtained will rely on cost and time variances measurement in line with modern quality control organs running the firm.

Special attention will be directed towards measuring compliance and consistency indicators and matrixes of performance evaluation through integration of a proactive, objective oriented, and goal facilitated behavior audit. In addition, it is vital to identify specific operations that are quantifiable and controlled from the central organs of management. This is necessary to monitor achievement compliance and efficiency in resource use and reuse.

When these contingencies are balanced and quantified, an independent audit report is likely to be within reach (Helfert 23). Though the whole process is dynamic and requires flexibility in carrying out evaluation, the basic underlying concepts and aspects of accountability and responsibility should be part and parcel of every procedure.

Despite the fact that the degree of accuracy on reviewing quality of management may present some challenges, it is possible to build a framework for operation monitoring process which incorporates preventive and corrective actions to make such entities consistent.

We will write a custom Book Review on Integration of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 share similarities in documentation systems, quality policy, management review, and implementation scope. The process of integrating documentation systems for these certification standards encompasses merging compatibility designs. Generally, success of auditing depends on management systems in place.

Works Cited Adhikari, Bishal. Integration of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001: A Study of Common Elements. Menomonie: University of Wisconsin–Stout, 2011. Print.

Helfert, Erich. Financial analysis, tools and techniques: Assessment of business performance. New York: McGraw-Hill books, 2001. Print.

Telarc Quality Management Systems: ISO 14001:2004 and ISO 9001:2008. Web.

Tricker, Ray. ISO 9001: 2008 for Small Businesses, Melbourne: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2010. Print.


Reflective Entry: Trauma Essay college admissions essay help

In the contemporary world, trauma has become a common occurrence mainly due to the increase in violent acts that are aired by the media. It does not necessarily mean that one has got to witness a live event for it to become traumatic. Literature and the psychoanalytic theory interconnect in their attempt to explain how trauma comes about by using the qualities of knowing and not knowing.

In the article “Unclaimed Experience”, the qualities of knowing and not knowing have been shown to clearly yield into post-traumatic stress disorder, plainly stated as trauma. While witnessing an event, one does not know what they are seeing until it becomes a frequent nightmare in one’s life. To some extent, individuals know what they are seeing in terms of physical description but they do not know the extent of what they are seeing until it becomes a constant reminder of the event that is engraved in their eyes (Caruth 10).

This is what transforms into trauma, and it is also at this point that the language of literature manifests itself. An example of a soldier, who in a numbed state witnesses the sudden and massive death around him, shows that the soldier does not observe what is happening around him in his right state of mind (Caruth 11). The language of literate and the psychoanalytic theory of trauma both meet in their explanation of how trauma comes about.

It is through the act of not knowing either due to shock or powerlessness but very much knowing through awareness of what is happening that leads to trauma. In order for an event to be traumatic, it has to create that notion of unknowing within oneself such that whatever one does at the time is not based on a rational decision. In the example of the soldier, he became numb and was not able to do anything. However, later on, he relived this experience in frequent nightmares.

The psychoanalytic theory of trauma has been postulated by various physicians, psychiatrists and psychoanalysts as an experience that overwhelms a person beyond his or her recognition to the extent that he or she becomes disoriented and extricated from his or her body (Levine and Maggie 4). Trauma also overwhelms individuals in the form of fate or a series of painful events that cannot be controlled. Such an example is the story by Tasso “in his romantic epic Gerusalemme Liberata” (Caruth 2).

The history of the Jews by Sigmund Freud, “Moses and Monotheism”, the psychoanalytic theory of trauma shows that the foundation of the Jewish nation was associated with the traumatic experience by Moses. Thus Freud says that despite the persecutions, he is surprised at how the Jewish have turned out (Caruth 12). According to Freud, the most important thing in the history of the Jewish from captivity to return to freedom is not the later but the repression of Moses’ murder and its effects. The trauma around the deeds of Moses is very fundamental here.

In the film Udaan, without knowing it, Rohan becomes a victim to events around him but on a conscious mind that shows he is aware of what is happening. As earlier stated, when individuals succumb to catastrophic events that disorient their whole being, they are not rationally fit to know what is actually happening to them until the effects are felt or seen. This is the very same case for Rohan in the film Udaan. His egoistic and brutal father is the reason why Rohan experiences trauma.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Growing up under such brutal authority is apparently normal to him but he does not know that this actually is more harmful than it is beneficial. Traumatized children show anti-social behavior and are mainly in conflict with other people including authorities. This is the reason why Rohan ends up being expelled due to misbehavior.

The qualities of not knowing and knowing manifest themselves here just like in any other traumatic experience in that at the time one goes through traumatizing experience, he or she like Rohan, does not know what this is actually doing to him or her and he or she may perceive it as a normal occurrence. It is not until the experience repeatedly reoccurs in these people’s imaginations through action or nightmares that they actually know that whatever experience they had was injurious to their well being.

According to Levine and Maggie (5), persons become internally unaware of what is happening around them and they cannot fully rely on responses for safety. This is because their very responses can become another reason for additional pain and fright. As for Rohan, he had to give in to the oppression from his father when he was young due to his size, age, among other vulnerabilities.

If he were to respond, it would have yielded into more fatal results or it would have been disadvantageous. The film shows that when Rohan is not able to tolerate more of the brutal abuse from his father, he results in defending himself by engaging in a physical fist with his father.

Roy, Rohan’s father, goes on to impose an engineering course on Rohan, whose passion is writing. Roy is not aware of the harm he has repeatedly brought on Rohan so far in addition to dictating his life, yet Rohan has his own preferences. Rohan’s actions of stealing his father’s car and fighting him are the result of the trauma he has been subjected to in his life.

His poem, Udaan, clearly indicates his traumatic experience which is now vivid and known to him. In this poem, Rohan knows of what he has gone through and has lived the effects of these events. His experiences are the reason why he is now barefoot, walking upon a few scattered memories (Udaan).

Eventually Rohan leaves his father and takes with him his brother Arjunn. Just like in the building of a new Jewish nation from traumatic experience by the repression of the deeds of Moses, Rohan sets out to fulfill his dream out of his traumatic experience with his father. His trauma can be viewed as the reason why Rohan takes his brother along as he does not want his brother Arjunn to suffer in the hands of their father as Rohan did.

We will write a custom Essay on Reflective Entry: Trauma specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Trauma has now become something that everyone is talking and worried about. This is due to its disastrous effects that can jeopardize one’s life. Alternatively, it can yield into something good as is the case with Rohan, who sets out to build his future, and the Jewish nation that was established on the basis of trauma.

Unfortunately, it mainly goes unnoticed since a traumatized person will rarely open up but instead suffers alone. There is however the need to be able to identify traumatized persons so that they can get timely treatment and continue living normal lives.

Works Cited Caruth, Cathy. Unclaimed Experience: Trauma and the Possibility of History. California: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996. Print.

Levine, Peter A., and Maggie Kline. Trauma Through a Child’s Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 2007. Print.

Udaan. Ex. Prod. Sanjay Singh. India: Mahendra J. Shetty. 2010. DVD.


Problems facing small businesses Case Study best essay help: best essay help

Table of Contents Challenges

Government Policies

Target market

Government’s responsibility


Venturing Into Exportation

Qualified Employees


Challenges Expanding a small business into a large enterprise is associated with several risks that are worth taking if the returns are high and promising. A risk- return analysis therefore is mandatory before a small business gets into a new venture.

A small business faces a number of limitations including inadequate funds for expansion and hiring of expatriates, inaccessibility to some markets due to government cartels and by-laws, poor management skills among shareholders, saturation of the home markets by many smaller businesses, inadequate information on markets and narrow networks of business (Quinn 2006).

Government Policies Sandhurst Guitars is a small business that faces financial constrains when it comes to expanding. In order to go global, more workers, new offices and new business laws are required. This means that a foreign company may have to pay more tax to the government compared to the local companies.

Because this is a global business, Sandhurst Guitars being an international market venture should consider sourcing for a loan from its federal government to boost its investments. Global businesses generate revenue to its country and create job opportunities to host country’s citizens.

Labor laws and cost differ in different countries thus Sandhurst Guitars might have to spend more on hiring from employees agencies in the foreign state.

Sandhurst Guitars will have to transport its product to the target market. By choosing the cheapest and most convenient means of transport, it will reduce its financial constrains. Insuring its products while on transit should also be prioritized to avoid losses and inconveniences’ to customers (Perry 2012).

Target market Sandhurst Guitars will be shipping its products to foreign countries but this does not mean that the local market is fully exploited. It is difficult for a small scale business to exploit foreign markets intensively without assistance from its federal government.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sandhurst Guitars has to make sure that it has more permanent workers as compared to part time workers. Jo Satriani also has to get more information on management by attending seminars as well as workshops or alternative hire a manager who has required managerial skills (Kuepper 2012).

Jo Satrini has to come up with more job policies to acquire and retain employees with appropriate skills which include; health policies, safety policies, salary policies, reward policies, recruitment policies, training and development policies. For employees leaving abroad, small businesses have to create policies that cater for their hardships in these foreign countries (Panju 2012). It is important to provide vacation policies for employees in order to allow them to reunite with their families. All this aims at encouraging the workers.

Jo Satrini has to consider the relations between the state and the target market states. This may help the company to evaluate the possibilities of business exceptions that they can take advantage of. Jo Satrini also has to make sure that employees required for such trade are available.

Small businesses are the backbone to the economy of the country. They boost growth of the general economy and contribute greatly to a country’s economic stability. Governments must put in place plans and strategies that are meant to support and promote the growth of small businesses from the saturated home markets to foreign markets.

Government’s responsibility The Local government should advise Jo Satrini on available business associations that can support their business to flourish in the foreign market. It should advise the company on the networks that she should join for common marketing and exporting of products (Nusbaum 2012).

It should also provide finance through loans at low interest rates to foreign investors. It should provide lower tariffs in order to allow small businesses to trade in exports. Sandhurst Guitars should benefit from training provided by the government to small businesses on new technology, in production and shipping of improved straps and cases.

Organizations such as national development fund in Australia that provides training for workers in small scale business should be established.

We will write a custom Case Study on Problems facing small businesses specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is the government’s responsibility to make sure that they exempt small businesses from extreme taxation. Heavy licensing that applies to large firms and constant harassment from government official as well as high fines should be avoided. Easy access to passports and travel documents to citizens is one of the ways in which the local government can promotes global development of small businesses.

Publicity The government should ensure that it promotes private employers giving incentives hence addressing the issue unemployment (Kuepper 2012). For a small business to expand in foreign countries, its products be well publicized to catch the consumers eye and create awareness.

Sandhurst Guitars has immense potential to expand beyond borders because its products are widely accepted. Its management should not hesitate to expand the business rather should seek financial help and sustainable managerial structures that would allow their growth in the market.

Venturing Into Exportation Before venturing in to exportation of its products, Sandhurst Guitars should have a wide knowledge of its competitors in foreign states, their economic level, and political stability in the foreign country (Heathfield 2012). The level of the competitors’ technology and the social and cultural influence on the locals is a factor to consider as well.

Since there is an already existing market for the guitars, the straps and the cases, then Sandhurst Guitars can easily succeed in the market since it is not a pure risk (Vernon 2008). The use of foreign agencies could be an easy way of handling a new market with new consumer demands.

Qualified Employees Sandhurst Guitars should not hesitate to seek the governments help and advice on how to carry out its operations. The company should never ignore the presence of Connie agencies too. Sandhurst Guitars can consider exporting employees as well as hiring citizens of the foreign country whichever seems cheaper and affordable to the company. It should consider well-qualified employees who have a wide knowledge on the products and for the already existing employees the company should provide on-job training.

It should also seek national employers’ incentives from the government to enable it to achieve the set goals. Appropriate management is required if the business is to succeed in this competitive environment. The company should hire well skilled and qualified managers to run its business (Guadagn 2012). Accurate record-keeping for strategic planning and loss-profit calculations should be maintained. The company should consider having adequate number of employees to delegate the work and beat deadlines.

Bureaucratic system of management should be broken in order for the employees to be able to make their own decisions on matters of the business. It should encourage empowering the employees through training and development of skills (Vernon 2008). If Sandhurst Guitars realizes it is financially straining to take up such ventures then it may take the option of franchising.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Problems facing small businesses by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Guadagn, A. 2012. Your Shared Service Center’s Social Media Game Plan. Web.

Heathfield, S., M. 2012.What is Human Resource Management? Web.

Kuepper, J. 2012. Should You Invest in Foreign Countries? Foreign Investments Add Diversity, but There Are Risks. Web.

Nusbaum, R. 2012. Success in 2010 requires Investing in Other Countries. Web.

Panju, H., (2012) Making Your Organization’s Business Plan A Reality. Web.

Perry, B. 2012. Evaluating Country Risk For International investing. Web.

Quinn, L. 2006. HR – Horizontal Rule. Web.

Vernon, K. 2008. Some Tips for investing offshore. Web.


Whale Huntingin Japan Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Introduction It is normally the case that endeavors involve the harvesting of ocean resources, such as fish, clams, and a variety of crustaceans, to be done in order to fulfill a specific need. This justifies the consumption of various types of ocean resources since without them, a lot of societies all around the world dependent on daily supplies of this particular method of sustenance will starve as a result (Fox, 2002).

If there were no inherent need to supply populations with such resources, then the activity of harvesting various live animals from the sea could be meant as needless slaughter (Fears, 2009). It is based on this that Japanese continued whaling activities under the guise of “scientific research” can be categorized as a form of unnecessary killing since based on the research of Christian et al.

(2008), Japanese population neither requires the large quantities of whale meat (500 whales per year) that are caught and sold nor does whale meat constitute a major part of the average Japanese citizen’s diet. The primary defense of the Japanese government, regarding the sale of whale meat within local markets, is that whale meat consumption is an integral part of Japanese culture.

Such a defense is rather ambiguous given the aforementioned fact that most people in Japan have rarely, if ever, tasted or even seen whale meat. The main point of contention between Japan and other countries that condemn the act of hunting down whales is the method of justification utilized by the Japanese government which entails “scientific research” as the basis behind its activities of whale hunting.

While such an excuse may be valid, if a few specimens are caught through internationally sanctioned actions each year in order to examine the current status of the species, the fact remains the same that Japanese whaling ships often catch 500 or more whales annually. Such a number is far beyond what can normally be construed as “catching for the sake of scientific research” since 500 species taken at any one time in order to examine population rates and the general health of the species are inherently unjustifiable given the numbers involved.

Based on this, it must be questioned whether the act of whaling, scientific or not, should be outright banned or justified based on traditional heritage and the concept of collecting scientific data. The act of whaling by the Japanese should be prevented since they do not own exclusive rights to whales and are subject to the concept of international joint ownership of marine species.

Legal Principles Involved First and foremost, it must be noted that whaling itself is illegal as per the ratification of international treaties that specifically ban the harvesting of species that are vulnerable or endangered (Stoett, 1997). Whaling for the purpose of scientific research, on the other hand, is allowed and utilized by Japanese whalers in conjunction with section 2 of Article VIII of the convention on whaling set by the International Whaling Commission (IWC) which specifically states that whales caught under special permits for scientific research should be processed and disposed of in a practical fashion that is in accordance with the directions given by the issuer of the permit.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What this means is that whalers who catch whales for “scientific research” are under the legal obligation to dispose the excess parts of the whale in a practical fashion. In this particular case, it involves selling whale meat. Thus, from a legal perspective, the act of selling whale meat gained through “scientific research” is perfectly legal. While it is considered “legal” under such an approach, it must be questioned whether the “spirit of the law” (i.e. the main intent of the convention on international whaling) is followed or outright violated.

From an ethical perspective, it can be seen that that spirit of the law is not followed by the Japanese government, and from a certain perspective, can be construed as an insult to other nations since the sanctity of following ratified treaties is the very basis of international law. When examining the basis of the treaty established by the International Whaling Commission (IWC) in relation to the protection of the whale species it can be seen that the entirety of the document was meant to prevent all forms of commercial exploitation of a species whose populations have been deemed as vulnerable.

The reason behind this is quite simple, even limited hunting of a particular subspecies of whale whose populations have increased (as seen in the case of the Minkie whale) still prevents whale populations as a whole from returning to their original numbers.

Cultural Traditions and Scientific Research Vs International Joint Ownership

In relation to the concept of violations of international law, the failure of the Japanese government to acknowledge joint ownership of ocean based resources by all nations within international waters comes. While Japan justifies the hunting of whales under the concepts of cultural traditions and scientific research, the country does not take into consideration the concept of international joint ownership of marine species (Stevenson, Gordon,


Television Viewing Essay essay help

Television Viewing Assignment

In this assignment, you will watch entertainment TV for one evening in an objective manner, recording all references to societal issues or problems in the shows. You will then determine if the TV programs attempt to influence public opinion. Do not watch news shows (or fake-news like Colbert Report or Daily Show) or reality TV for the assignment. Focus on sit-com type shows such as “The Simpsons”, “Southpark”, “House”,”Gray’s Anatomy”or other non-news shows. Re-runs are acceptable.

I realize some of you may not have a television or choose not to watch television. You should be able to watch older seasons/shows on the computer if television is an issue for you.


Students will be able to determine the effect that popular television has on the public’s perception of societal issues or problems.

Pick an evening to watch at least 3 television shows (you can watch re-runs online) with pen and notebook nearby.
Watch the shows and record any references to societal issues or problems.
Write a one to two-page paper, which shall include the following:

List the shows you watched.
List any references to societal problems.
Determine what type of position the shows are taking on the issues or problems dealt with in the show.
I recommend that you write your paper on a word processor before bringing into Canvas because you will be graaded on grammar, spelling and content.


Seagate Technology International Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Introduction Seagate Technology International is one of the major Multinational Corporations (MNCs) having operations in Singapore. Currently, the technology company’s principal executive offices are situated at Cupertino, California.

The famous technology company, which was first started as Shugart Technology in the year 1978, has been reputed as a global leader in the manufacture and production of hard disk drives and storage solutions.

Ever since its incorporation over three decades ago, Seagate has attained great success in hard disk development, and this makes it a giant player in the transformative technology sector (Bay, Tang and Bennett, 2004).

In Singapore, Seagate Technology premises are situated in the business oriented region of Woodlands. Sectors aligned to electronics, finance and IT are observed to have undergone a very rapid growth in Singapore in the past several years.

According to market experts, business opportunities in those sectors are expected to increase tremendously in the near future, and this offers a stable business potential for Seagate Technology in the country.

However, apart from the promising business opportunities presented by Singapore, Seagate, just like any other firm, is vulnerable to a number of external forces that are likely to influence the achievement of our business goals.

Environmental Factors Affecting the Operations of Seagate Technology in Singapore Integrated Economic Markets

The practice of economic integration between different groups of countries within a particular geographical region is increasingly gaining momentum in the modern world.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Economic integrations have the benefit of minimising common barriers to the steady flow of products, services, capital, and labor among other production inputs between member countries. The movement from segmented markets to the integrated markets comes with immense benefits to member countries.

For instance, this would tend to affect the volume of trade activities, profits, and consumer prices in a monopoly model. Seagate Technology operations in Singapore markets have greatly benefited from Singapore inter-relationships with the US and other giant economies in the world, such as Japan and China (Contractor and Lorange, 2002).

Global Consumer Preferences

Consumer tastes and preferences for various products are observed to be converging, and this would determine the success and failure of companies within a particular geographical region. Seagate’s products in Singapore continue to face stiff competition, considering the wide range of hard disk manufacturers in the region.

Seagate might be a global market leader in hard disks and other storage products, but they are yet to thrive in Singapore, due to the factor of consumer preferences, whereby different people tend to have varied tastes for products made by different companies.

Management across Cultures

Culture is a highly-sensitive issue that plays a significant role in influencing consumer tastes and preferences on products and services. In this regard, local businesses would tend to respond well to cultural requirements, compared to foreign investors who may not be well-informed of the local cultural needs.

In that case, foreign investors are often forced to adopt new business strategies that would enable them respond accordingly to the local cultural tastes.

Even though Seagate Technology would constantly try to undergo various costly adaptations in order to fit in the cultural demands of Singapore, it may never come out smarter than many local companies in the region.

We will write a custom Essay on Seagate Technology International specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Globalised Production

Modern firms are increasingly taking charge of their production levels to take full advantage over their rivals in business. Through the establishment of a global production network, corporations hope to benefit a lot by achieving quality standards at low costs.

In this case, Seagate’s nature of globalised production gives us a higher competitive advantage compared to our business rivals in the region.

Major Factors Affecting the Company’s Operations Economic Conditions

Foreign investors venturing global markets are prone to unpredictable economic changes that may have significant impacts on their performance. These shifts may present in many forms, such as high inflation or fluctuation of currency exchange rates.

However, Singapore enjoys a stable economic performance which is based on strong economic strategies. These strategies have enabled the country to swerve through serious economical and financial turbulences of the past, thus emerging as one of the major economies in the world.

General Business Environment

Trade is a significant activity in Singapore, with both imports and exports accounting for the largest portion of the country’s GDP. Singapore’s ability to attract and retain foreign investments can be realized from various sources.

For example, the country enjoys a massive skilled labor force in almost all sectors of the economy. Other significant sources here include infrastructural wealth and the assuring directive of a corruption-free government. All these have been key attractions of MNCs from developed countries.

Manufacturing and services are the key economical drivers of the country, and for that reason, the government has shown great desire in the promotion of key activities in those areas.

Effective Application of Management Functions For firms to be able to take full advantage of the vast business opportunities provided by foreign environments, they should first of all consider putting in place factors that tend to vary across regions, and which may be different from the local settings they are used to.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Seagate Technology International by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Singapore’s favorable economical conditions have proved to be a major driving force in the success of Seagate Technology International. More importantly, the fact that Seagate Technology specialises in the manufacturing sector is an added advantage to the American Multinational Corporation.

However, there are still many ways by which Seagate Technology can maximise its operations in Singapore.

For effective and efficient performance in the region, Seagate Technology should incorporate the key functions of the management process. These key management functions usually play a crucial role in the overall performance of all businesses.

For effective production to be realised in the corporation, both individual and team players should work towards a particular goal aimed at achieving the intended objectives and nothing else.

The following summary relates through how the management of Seagate Corporation can relate through the four major functions of managerial, for effective business success in Singapore and other international markets.

Planning and Strategising

Planning and strategising aspects are key requirements in the success of businesses. Planning basically involves all the activities taken in considering when designing the objectives of the business in a specific geographical region. In this regard, firms would strategise on how to go about the established plans to achieve their business objectives.

Seagate Technology International can maximise the opportunities of planning and strategising in mapping their business goals within the selected region. In this line, the objectives of individuals and teams should be coordinated carefully for effective production.

Considering the many environmental factors surrounding the operation of the company in Singapore, there is need for appropriate planning and strategising by the management, and this may involve aspects such as constant assessment and analysis of the company’s performance in the region.

Such assessments can be conducted by the use of credible assessment methodologies, such as the SWOT analysis.


This function would involve effective planning and coordination of all the company’s operational units and resources, in order for them to achieve the desired goals and objectives in business.

In this sense, Seagate’s management team would have to identify and specify how the firm’s input resources needs to be arranged and coordinated for effective productivity.

To achieve this objective, the firm would have to consider administering effective management strategies in all its units. This entire process may include significant interventions that entail good definition of tasks, resource allocation, task delegation, clarification of procedures, and determination of procedures among other processes.


According to Luis and Balkin (2011), this function entails the practice of encouraging and motivating workers to bring out their best performances in productivity. It is the responsibility of the management of any organisation to exercise effective leadership skills on fellow employees, for excellent performance and productivity.

This is where the concept of leadership shadows comes in business management. Good leaders should always lead by example and try to enforce positive business mentality upon their subordinates.

It is also the responsibility of leaders to guide the other employees below delegation through a sound focus of accountability in business performance.

In this sense, the management of Seagate Technology would not only have to communicate its organisational goals to its workers, but it would also have to employ all the strategies in the book to make those goals achievable to all its employees.

Some of the ways through which this objective can be achieved would include; effective communication among the organizational units, creation of favorable working conditions, and good leadership examples.

The company’s managerial team would need to come up with leadership strategies that would encourage better working conditions for people of diverse cultural backgrounds.


The only way by which Seagate Technology International can achieve its business objectives in Singapore is by taking full control of their operations and performance in the region. Key business operations always need to be controlled in a systematic manner, so as to remain in the right track.

By assessing its overall performance and trying to compare it with the set business objectives, the technology company can come up with all the necessary amendments that would be needed to make a successful venture in the selected market (Ritter, Wilkinson and Johnston, 2004).

Through effective assessment, the company can successfully come up with enough feedback to enable them identify potential problems and therefore taking the necessary corrective measures in addressing them.

The practice of control is crucial for success of firms in the modern competitive business environment, since it can be applied to correct significant discrepancies in business.

General Conclusions of the analysis and the company

MNCs and SMEs are important players in the contemporary business world. Both MNCs and SMEs come with immense benefits, and are certain to guarantee for a wider disparity of income distribution to the regions where they are employed.

Singapore is one of the many countries whose vibrant economic growth can be associated with the impact of both local and foreign MNCs and SMEs. Ever since she gained her independence from the British way back in 1959, Singapore has excelled economically.

Currently, the emerging East Asian economy enjoys a wide range of direct foreign investment in Multinational Corporations and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises that have roots in giant global economies.

Through globalised production of its products, Seagate Technological International has featured well in many regions globally, including the developing markets of Singapore (Tang, Cheong and Goh, 2007).

This success can be attributed to the company’s focused business ambition which is based on various external and environmental factors as discussed in this report.

However, there is enough evidence that the manufacturing company can do even better, if it considered making some changes about the way it conducts business in Singapore and other regions.

General Recommendations in the Context of Management

Based on this broad analysis of the external factors affecting the operations of Seagate Technologies International in Singapore, it is obviously clear that the company already enjoys a fair business position in the region.

There is more than enough evidence that the technology company can excel in the East Asian country, considering the favorable market conditions offered by the region. Most of the highlighted external factors in this report would have a positive impact to Seagate Technology, and this gives the corporation a higher competitive advantage compared to its rivals in the industry.

It leaves no doubt that, the technology company has a great business potential in the East Asian region where computer technology is observed to be taking a turn to the pinnacle, owing to the incessant impacts of globalisation.

However, realization of this dream largely depends on how the company’s steering board plans to execute its duties and responsibilities.

In that sense, the managers should try to perform their managerial roles in an effective manner, and this can be achieved through constant application of the four management functions outlined in this report, in all levels of production within the firm.

References Bay, B., Tang, N.,


Concept of Terrorism Phenomenon in Modern World Essay college essay help

Terrorism has become one of the major concerns of people living in the modern world. Many people worldwide die because of this phenomenon. It is important to note that the number of people’s death in terroristic attacks is decreasing.

Thus, according to the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) the number of deaths dropped 12% compared to 2009 (NCTC 2010 Report on Terrorism 5). However, to estimate the negative effects of this phenomenon it is important to define what terrorism is.

One of the major characteristic features of terrorism is that terrorists aim at drawing as much attention to their attacks, their motives and their ideas as possible (Ruby 9). In fact, terroristic attacks are not aimed at killing people as it is.

Terrorists are more concerned with public attention to their actions. Admittedly, the more people die the more attention is drawn to every instance. Thus, one of the deadliest attacks took place in New York in 2001 when more than 6,000 people died (Ruby 9).

Notably, Ruby compares the number of deaths in this attack with the number of deaths in car accidents (42,000) claiming that terroristic attacks evoke more grief as terrorists violently and arrogantly murder people to pursue their own objectives (10).

It is necessary to note that there are quite many definitions of terrorism.1 One of these definitions highlights major aspects of the phenomenon defining terrorism “as politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience” (Ruby 10). Researchers single out three central factors.

First, terrorists are considered to be politically motivated. Besides, they can be motivated by ideology. Admittedly, these two notions are closely connected. Thus, terrorists try to ‘promote’ (or make people know about) their political and ideological views.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second central characteristic feature of terrorism is that terrorists attack noncombatants. Thus, when military people die, it is considered to be horrible but quite common. However, it is seemed unacceptable when civilians die. This draws more attention which is one of the major aims of terrorists.

Finally, the third characteristic feature is that terrorist attacks are conducted by “clandestine agents”, i.e. people (potential victims) do not anticipate any danger (Ruby 11). This covert nature of terrorism enables terrorist groups to commit various attacks. People are often unprepared to react.

Nonetheless, it is necessary to point out that the number of deaths has decreased during past two years. According to NCTC number of terrorist attack has increased by about five percent. However, the number of terrorist attacks causing deaths decreased (NCTC 2010 Report on Terrorism).

It is also important to note that now 75% of terrorist attacks take place in the Near East and South Asia. Notably, the number of terrorist attacks in Europe, Africa, Americas and western hemisphere decreased. Though, in 2010 more than 11,500 attacks took place in more than 70 countries. These attacks caused more than 13,000 deaths (the overall number of victims is about 50,000).

To sum up, terrorism is a complex phenomenon which has become one of the characteristic features of the beginning of the twenty-first century. Researchers provide several definitions of terrorism. Though, they agree that terrorism has four basic factors: terrorist attacks are aimed at drawing public attention, terrorist attacks are ideologically or politically motivated, terrorists attack civilians and terrorist attacks are conducted by clandestine agents.

Works Cited NCTC 2010 Report on Terrorism. 30 Apr. 2011. Web.

Ruby, C. “The Definition of Terrorism.” Analysis of Social Issues and Public Policy 2.1 (2002): 9-14. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on Concept of Terrorism Phenomenon in Modern World specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Footnotes See Ruby for more insights into the analysis of terrorism (9-14).


Personality and Personality Types Essay custom essay help

It is through personality that we are in the position to define an individual. Personality types on the other hand are the mode in which we study an individual through their psychology and classify them according to the groups in which they fit. Through personality, we are able to identify and know individuals, how they think and their way of acting. Personality types should not at any cost be confused with personality traits given that it is a wider term than the latter.

While personality types are qualitative in nature, personality trait focuses much on the quantitative aspects. We can at times categorize individuals as introverts or extroverts while traits will handle them as either introversion or extroversion and argues they are dynamic in nature (Edelstein, 2006).

There are several personality types of and these are generally arrived at according to the assessments by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) which is a psychometric test questionnaire employed in measuring people’s perception and how they view their surroundings (Edelstein, 2006). The assessment mode borrows heavily from the typological theories in their assessments; it is designed to fully understand the theory.

Personality type theory therefore as defined by Jung identifies two major cognitive operations that is rationality which revolves around thinking and feelings vs. irrationality which are perceiving in nature handling senses and intuitions (Kroeger, Thuesen


The Theory of Cause and Effect Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Causation Theory


Works Cited

Introduction David Hume represents one of the philosophers of the early modern period. He advocated for standardized empirical knowledge and insinuated knowledge and ideas were primary products of human experiences. In particular, he emphasized on the importance of human experiences in the comprehension of cause and effect.

He explicates that experience may lead to the problem of induction in which people may tend to make inductions merely based on conjoined events (Kessler 67).

For instance, if X causes Y and that the two events occur together it means that the existence of X will imply that Y is also present. Psychologically, Kessler say that people tend to assume that Y will certainly follow X (45). Hume therefore sees this as unjustified way of making conclusions. This paper seeks to explore the theoretical framework that Hume advances regarding cause and effect.

Causation Theory Hume builds his arguments based on the premise of copy principle. It implies that all thought processes are products of experience. He sees perceptions as made up of impressions and ideas. The former emanates from the senses while the latter are products of intelligence (Hume 45).

Since human beings can have ideas of things they may have never witnessed, they generate from the impressions. Cause and effect is a natural way that ideas relate with the mind according to Hume. Specifically, he attributes the philosophical concept of causation as pivotal in allowing people to understand the world beyond what is present to the senses and acquire knowledge subsequently (Kessler 68).

Cause and effect theory is important in the mental processes that involve the philosophical aspect of reasoning. Causation is interlinked to the problem of induction outlined above that human beings tend to associate conjoined events and experience the fallacy of reductionism (Kessler 69).

Hence, the theory of cause and effect highlights that the tendency to associate events is the foundation of causation. The theory also articulates that that not all judgements concerning occurrence of events are essentially correct. The rationale is that human beings have the ability to imagine things without necessarily implying a contradiction.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, Kessler cites that such assertions as “it will rain in the evening” are not essentially wrong neither do they contradict each other (70). This is because the associations of events’ occurrence between matters of fact draw immense influence from experience. As such, people who may have experienced rain in the evening may tend to make such assertions based on their perceptual senses and experience.

Over and above, he underscores the importance of understanding that cause comes first in terms of time and is next to the effect (Hume 34). Besides, experience does little in establishing the essential cause due to human ability to imagine. Imagination leads people to making inductions about the cause and in this case, the cause may not always lead to usual effect (Kessler 69).

However, our mind may suffer from making these inductions given that experience has shown that the two events occur conjointly. As such, human mind always associate the two events in that, the existence of one-event leads us to thinking of the other (Kessler 79).

Uniqueness The unique aspect of this theory is its many explanations. Logical positivism have it that Hume’s analyses are typical of causal propositions. The occurrence of events of type X implies that events of type Y should ensue automatically. They interpret the theory of causation in such a way that they perceive power and necessity as non-objects.

They say that the two concepts are qualities of perceptions experienced by the soul. Second, the school of thought of skeptical realists holds that causation is not necessarily constituted by a series of predictable and regular events alone. Third, quasi realists highlight the importance of causal necessity in causation.

Works Cited Hume, David. A Treatise of Human Nature, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2007. Print.

Kessler, Gary. Voices of Wisdom, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Publishers, 2009. Print.

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Issue-based Analysis of a Specific Transportation Mode Essay college essay help

The various transportation forms or networks which man has created do play a significant role in our lives. Apart from them being very useful in mobility-related purposes, these channels also have a direct impact on our normal lives, based on a number of aspects. For example, some of these aspects are complex issues whose great impact has constantly affected human life socially, economically and ecologically.

Various modes of transportation usually come along with different significant impacts and effects to both humans and the environment. This paper examines ‘the car’ as a common mode of transportation in the contemporary world, whereby the benefits and effects arising from this mode of transport are clearly identified and analyzed.

The car, which is seen by many as the most preferable mode of transportation today, comes with many impacts to the human society and the environment (Litman 54). This mode of transportation, which involves all kind of automobiles, plays a fundamental role to the modern society.

People all over the world have found it more easy and convenient to transport goods, access services, and to conduct business, among other key activities in life, through this common form of transport. The use of automobiles as a mode of transportation provides numerous economic, social and environmental benefits.

One social and economic benefit of this mode of transportation is that, there is a constant increase in equity among people of low income, especially through car sharing networks, which are popular in some countries, such as Canada (Forkenbrock 18).

Transportation is necessary in the contemporary world in ensuring that there is vibrant communication and interaction between people, thus paving way for effective functioning of communities. Among other modern forms of transportation, cars have been in the front line in helping people meet these significant requirements of life.

This mode of transport has been viewed by many as a convenient medium which is not only affordable, but also efficient and reliable in many ways. In that case, community members from different segments of the society have found cars to be a reliable form of transportation, which they could rely upon, in meeting their mobility needs.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, apart from the freedom and flexibility provided by this sustainable mode of transportation, there are also many health costs and environmental impacts. While cars present immense benefits upon the modern society, they are also known to bring serious effects to the environment, through a number of ways. For one, automobiles are no doubt the biggest causative agent of the issue of air pollution, which has continued to pose serious effects to the current global population.

Emission of carbon and other harmful gases through burning of fuels has exceeded manageable levels presently, as the number of cars continue to rise. (Schikowski 152). Car transportation is arguably the biggest producer of green house gases, which have played a significant part in necessitating the issue of global warming. Excess accumulation of these gases in the earth’s atmosphere has reached hazardous levels, and this has completely changed the world’s weather and climatic conditions.

Car exhausts also do emit small particles and impurities which pollute the air, and this is likely to pose serious threats to human health, thus increasing health costs. Another way by which cars spoil the environment is through runoff of toxic liquids such as oil and gasoline. Obviously, most of these waste products usually end up in natural water ways and reservoirs, thus posing serious risks and threats to humans and aquatic life.

Car transportation mode entails a lot of infrastructure which normally requires expansive spacing. In this regard, there is always a possibility of habitat degradation or destruction, to pave way for these infrastructures, and this presents great harm to the environment. Apart the above ways, which tend to cause physical harm to the environment, cars also do create a lot of noise, and this is another problem that could bear serious impacts to the general environment.

The overall effects and impacts associated with this mode of transportation have raised much concern of late, thus necessitating the implementation of new strategies aimed at reducing the demand of cars and transportation in the world. As it is observable from this analysis, the progressive use of cars as the most preferred mode of transportation has brought complex issues to the general human population.

Automobiles have many outstanding benefits as a sustainable mode of transport, but the costs associated with their operation are immense and almost unbearable to many people in the world. For instance, health costs have increased abundantly over the last few years, as a result of the harmful effects of contaminated air and wasted environment, due to exhaust emissions and other toxic disposals from the automobiles.

The worldwide efforts to control and slow down the rate of impact caused by cars to both humans and the environment have brought many consequences on location, provision and demand of this mode of transportation. In response to this call of action against further environmental pollution, some countries have come up with strategies aimed at minimizing the demand and usage of car transportation.

We will write a custom Essay on Issue-based Analysis of a Specific Transportation Mode specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One way through which this has been achieved is by bringing useful resources much closer to the people, to discourage them from using car transportation whenever they need to access them. Some countries have also tried to adopt the concept of walking, by closing routes leading to automobiles and installing sidewalks, to encourage non-motorized mode of transportation (Alvord 24).

From just another perspective, modern environmental regulations and rules in some countries are drafted with the focus of controlling emission of waste products from automobiles. In this respect, automobiles having heavy exhaust emissions are barred from operating in those regions where statutory regulations on environmental aspects have been taken seriously.

Also, as a result of these regulations, ownership of cars is highly limited in some places. All these interventions have seriously affected the location, provision and demand of cars as a sustainable mode of transportation in the contemporary world.

Works Cited Alvord, Katie. Divorce your Car: Ending the love affair with the automobile, United Kingdom: New Society Publishers, 2000. Print.

Forkenbrock, David. Assessing the social and economic effects of transportation projects, New York: National Academy Press, Print.

Litman, Todd. Issues in Sustainable Transportation, Victoria BC: Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2005. Print.

Schikowski, Tamara. “Long-term air pollution exposure and living close to busy roads are associated with COPD in women.” Respir Res 6. 1 (2005): 152. Print.


Impacts of Neo-Liberal Development Policies on Poor Countries Research Paper essay help online free: essay help online free

Neo-liberalism refers to a set of economic policies that have become common worldwide, for the last two and half decades. The trend of neo-liberalism has been imposed by various organizations, particularly by some of the powerful financial institutions in the world, such as the IMF and the World Bank (Amin 53).

Neo-liberal economic and development policies have been implemented in many regions of the world, specifically for poverty reduction and development purposes. In that case, the initial agenda behind these policies was tailored mostly with regard to the needs of international capital and this, it was argued, was intended to benefit all segments of the society including the less-fortunate.

In essence, the final outcomes realized from various mechanisms of the framework would see the poor being the major beneficiaries of the approach. However, the outcomes have failed to meet the intended expectations, as it is evident from various regions where neo-liberal approaches have been applied with the aim of reducing poverty and improving the living standards of people. This report examines some of the main impacts of neo-liberal development approach on poor countries.

Neo-liberalism draws mixed reactions from different people. While it is thought to facilitate developments in various parts of the world, the main beneficiaries of the trend are a minority of the global population. More obviously, while some people tend to view it as a driving force for economical change in the society, others would rather not appreciate it, owing to the many nightmares associated with the policies.

In the U.S. for instance, neo-liberalism is seen as a major contributor in the destruction of welfare programs, among other social problems. With the advance of high levels of unemployment and poverty in most developing nations, it is obviously apparent that neo-liberal policies have failed to deliver to the global society.

In fact, very little economic success has been realized through its seemingly promising development proposals. Unlike the best intentions behind the plan in connection with poverty, the approach has paved way for economic failures rather than success, in many developing countries (Haslam, Schafer and Beaudet 17).

Neo-liberal policies have offered neither advancements nor stabilization to the economy of poor states. Over the years, the high volume capital flow usually enforced by the stability policies has continued to propel frequent economical crises thus exposing developing countries to new threats and risks.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another notable impact of this approach to poor countries is that it has succeeded in eliminating barriers in developing countries, while maintaining these barriers in the developed states through the liberalization of international trade (Meier and Stiglitz 35).

Another certain impact of these policies is evident in the fact that, they are operated at the expense of the poor countries while benefiting the developing countries. This explains the presumption of majority of people in the global society that the trend has only succeeded in widening the gap between the rich and the poor in the society. This contradicts the primary goal of the approach which is to reduce poverty in developing countries.

There is strong evidence from literature on the way neo-liberal development policies have continued to inflict negative impacts to poor countries as a result of economic inequality. For instance, with the financial reforms and foreign trade, poor countries have never been lucky to escape the wrath of negative productivity in all segments of the economy.

Some of the main issues here would include deterioration of national industries, lack of employment opportunities, loss of workers’ rights and labor market destabilization. All these outcomes have negatively influenced the economy of developing countries, thus contributing to high costs of living.

Difficulty access of basic services and increasing commodity prices are common in many regions where neo-liberal approach has been implemented. In this regard, the policies have actually succeeded in increasing poverty levels in some regions while limiting development efforts in others.

There has been an increase in globalization in the modern era, where implementation of neo-liberal policies and structures has been a dominant effort in addressing the economical issues affecting the global populations nowadays (Haque 205). The application of alternative production factors, as castigated by neo-liberal policies has increased exponentially in the last few decades and even though this has had its own benefits to the overall growth of productivity, it has brought along serious implications to the global labor market.

The increase in diverse technological production factors and facilities has led to decreased employment and reduced employee income and benefits.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Impacts of Neo-Liberal Development Policies on Poor Countries specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More And it is for these reasons why the stabilizing policies of neo-liberal approach have failed to maintain stability of economies in poor countries. Moreover, the work-force has failed to flow from minimal productivity to increased productivity as it had earlier on been anticipated by the policy makers behind the approach. This however has contributed to high levels of unemployment in poor countries.

Neo-liberal development policies have also had great impact to the agricultural sectors of poor and developing countries. One significant effect of these policies in relevance to agriculture can be observed in the WTO agreements that do accompany these policies. Most of these agreements are targeted on liberalization of foreign trade in agricultural products and this has facilitated the drop of tariffs in the sector (Murat 97).

More importantly, there have also been modifications in systems supporting agriculture in poor countries, courtesy of the trade liberalization measures. These measures have continued to spell competitive agricultural strategies between developed and developing countries.

This way, neo-liberal development policies may have contributed to growth in agricultural productivity, but they have failed to offer employment opportunities in many poor countries thus contributing to high population of the unemployed, as poor peasants migrate to urban centers in search of greener pastures.

In conclusion, neo-liberal policies are yet to achieve their goals as far as the issue of eradicating poverty in poor countries is concerned. Over the years, the approach has achieved very little success in addressing the issue of poverty currently affecting many developing countries.

Works Cited Amin, Ash. “An institutionalist perspective on regional economic development.” Reading Economic Geography 17. 2 (1999): 48-58. Print.

Haslam Paul, Schafer Jessica and Beaudet Pierre. Introduction to International Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Print.

Haque, Shamsul. “The fate of sustainable development under neo-liberal regimes in developing countries.” International Political Science Review 20. 2 (1999): 197 – 218. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Impacts of Neo-Liberal Development Policies on Poor Countries by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Meier, Gerald and Stiglitz Joseph. Frontiers of Development Economics: The Future in Perspective, United Kingdom: Taylor


Social issue: concepts of sociological imagination and sociological perspectives Essay essay help: essay help

Introduction Sociology is a subject that studies societies and social behavior of individuals in a society. Social issues are matters that pertain to people’s lives as they interact with one another in a society. This paper seeks to discuss sociological aspects. Based on a newspaper article, the paper will explore concepts of sociological imagination and sociological perspectives.

Summary of the newspaper article

‘Santorum, taking on Michigan, wants to talk jobs, not social issues’ is an article that was published in the New York Times magazine on February 13, 2012. The article, written by Seelye Katharine, highlighted Santorum’s political campaigns that had been successful based on social issues as political agendas.

The republican presidential hopeful, who was also facing criticism over his former remarks on a feminist movement’s position, was however changing his political agendas to addressing economic issues rather than social matters.

Sociological imagination and its contribution to the understanding between human behavior and society

Sociological imagination is an approach to understanding the scope of sociology as a subject. It is a form of critical thinking aimed at developing insights over the subject.

Sociology is a subject that offers insight into behavior of individuals and groups of people in a society and its scope covers established relationships between people in a society, the effects of such relationships on people’s interactions and society’s overall reactions to the relationships.

Sociological imagination therefore offers an approach to understanding the whole concept of how people relate in a society and how such relationships are projected to macro sociological aspects of a society.

Sociological imagination refers to the set of analytical thoughts that are applied by experts in exploring and understanding sociological aspects of people in a society. It is defined by the ability to comprehend the interaction between individuals and the society as a whole.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The imagination forms the basis of an understanding of a person’s sociological environment, both personal and general. The main concept of sociological imagination is the development of an independent approach to personal aspects of sociology and the sociological factors of a person’s external environment.

Sociological imagination therefore allows for a critical approach to understanding the society from a sober and impersonal approach. The approach develops a link between personal matters that affects individuals or small groups of people and social issues that concerns an entire society.

A precise example is the issue of divorce. Even though marriage and divorce are personal issues between spouses, their basis forms fundamental principles to the existence and stability of a society. A sociological imagination’s approach to a single divorce case would therefore be to consider the seriousness of that single case as a factor that affects the entire society.

Since the core objective of sociology is to study and develop an insight over how people behave in their societal set up, the subject develops understanding into the relationship between individuals and the society as a whole. There exists a mutual dependence between the society and behavior of members of the society.

While opinions may be held that people’s behavior defines a society, it can be understood that the society plays a very important role in shaping the behavior of its members. Cultural values and practices in a society for instance have direct impacts on people’s thoughts and actions.

This means that a person’s attitude, reaction, and behavior will largely be determined by the society from which the individual originates. This concept is in line with the principle of ‘self-belonging’ that aligns a person’s behavior to generally accepted norms of his or her society.

Similarly, people are the founding elements of a society. From this approach, its members define a society. As a result, moral and ethical values in a society will be defined as the set of practices that have been adopted by its members and accepted to be good.

We will write a custom Essay on Social issue: concepts of sociological imagination and sociological perspectives specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It can therefore be understood that while the society defines and largely shape the behavior of its members, personal behavior of a person is an element to the person’s entire society and may define stability of an aspect of the society.

Social imagination therefore contributes to the understanding that personal behavior and the society as a whole are related. This is because it projects personal issues as factors that determine the nature of a society.

Social imagination and the article

The concept of social imagination is directly applicable to the article. From the story, it can be identified that personal opinions and sentiments of an individual have both immediate and future impacts on the person’s society. Santorum, the subject of the story is a politician who is interested in being the next president of the United States.

Though his candidature may be a personal move for political achievement of power or for prestige, his policies as the future president, if he is elected will be felt by the United States as a society. Similarly, reception and support that the article reports for the aspirant are an indication that his candidature has an impact on his society.

The article also highlights impacts of Santorum’s sentiments against feminist movement on his candidature. While his remarks had been made from an individual’s perspective, critics have used the remarks as a tool for evaluating him for presidency.

The relationship between personal and societal interest, as illustrated by the article and in light with the principle concept of sociological imagination, identifies the story as a social issue.

Ideas and concepts of sociological perspectives

Functionalism, conflict theory, and ‘interactionism’ are the major concepts of sociological perspectives.


Functionalism, as a sociological perspective, focuses on interactions among sections or members of a society. It is also concerned with how members of a society react to sociological changes in their environment.

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Conflict theory is concerned with competition among members of a society as well as leadership and power.


‘Interactionism’ on the other hand focuses on personal exchanges and relations between members of a society.

The story and sociological perspectives

The story that is based on Santorum’s political campaigns illustrates the three sociological perspectives.


‘Interactionism’ is exhibited by the aspirant’s campaigns that involve face to face rallies.


Functionalism is identified by relationships that the politician has developed with groups such as conservatives and evangelicals.

Conflict theory

The contest for party’s nomination on the other hand illustrates the concept of conflict theory that is also identified between the aspirant and feminist movements. The perspectives therefore apply to the story.

Conclusion Sociology studies people’s behavior in a society. This paper has discussed sociological imagination and sociological perspectives as elements of sociology. The paper has also identified an article on social issue and related the article’s story to sociological imagination, functionalism, conflict theory, and ‘interactionism’.


Vancity Case Study cheap essay help

Vancity was an organization that was recognized for its commitment to social justice and community values. In 2009, its board was faced by a difficult decision to make. As a result of the financial crisis, the organization was considering repricing its line of credit offerings. However, this was an unpopular move among the customers who were also the owners of the organization due to its structure as a cooperative.

The problem that faced Vancity was that the decline of the lending rates had caused the margins on outstanding loans to decline significantly. In March 2009, its credit line portfolio was approximately $2.3 billion. $1.3 billion of this amount was in the form of secured debt but 83 percent of the debt was at or below the prime rate. Majority of other financial institutions had repriced their loans by raising the interest rates by one percent.

Unless vancity followed this practice, it risked incurring a loss of $24 million on the basis of the outstanding loans that existed. In the event that the customers drew their credit lines to the authorized maximum, the organization was bound to incur a loss of $45 million. Such a move by the customers was also expected to compel it to fund the loans at the expense of the needs of other customers.

Unlike many other commercial banks, Vancity could not reprice its credit lines without the consent of its customers. The contracts it had signed with the customers did allow it to simply send letters to them informing them of an increase in the lending rates. The organization had the capacity to cancel the loans but could not unilaterally change the credit terms. A threat to do so was also unacceptable hence it could not consider the option.

The decision on whether to reprice or not to reprice the loans became a contested issue among the board members. Some of them argued that such a move would have tainted the reputation of the organization while others argued that the unusual financial situations left the organization with no other alternative other than to reprice the loans. It had considered the option of maintaining a prime rate above the one that was charged by other organizations.

However, this posed a challenge in that the remainder of the Organization’s prime-related products was priced at a high price that was not competitive. Its attempt to set a prime rate for its credit line products separate from its regular prime rate was rejected. It recognized the fact that it was not possible to go back to their members and ask them to sign new contracts that reflected higher rates.

Recommendation 1 Vancity should reprice its loans to counter the problems of the financial crisis and prevent the organization from incurring huge losses.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Justification

As a result of the financial crisis, it is evident that the performance of Vancity has been adversely affected. Repricing the loans is the only option because if it does not embrace this practice, it is estimated that it will incur a loss of $24 million. In response to the increase in lending rates, all other financial institutions have adjusted their lending rates to cope with the financial crisis. Failure to reprice the loans will reduce its competitiveness and put the capital provided by the members at risk. It is its responsibility to ensure that the capital of the members is safeguarded.


Vancity should first consider both the positive and negative impacts of repricing its loans. This is because if the move is made without the necessary considerations, irreparable damage might occur. However, the organization will be in a position to look for ways of dealing with some of the repercussions that may result from repricing.

Once this is done, it should determine the suitable margins with which to increase the rates. This should also be done with full knowledge of the lending rates of other competing organizations to ensure that they do not drive it out of the business.

Recommendation 2 Vancity should convene a meeting of all members to explain to them the need to change the credit terms in order to adjust the lending rates due to the effects of the financial crisis.


It is clear that unless Vancity adjusts its lending rates, it will make huge losses that will threaten its survival. Making reference to its financial records from 2004 to 2007, one can see the consistent decline in the net earnings.

For instance, the net earnings in 2004 were 57,187 but this amount continued to decline year after year until it reached 46,817 in 2008. However, the organization cannot simply increase the rates without consulting its members because they are its owners. This is why it must convene a meeting to discuss the move with them.


Since all members might not share the same sentiments regarding the issue of repricing the loans, Vancity should first discuss the matter with high priority members who hold about 80 percent of the outstanding loans. This is because such individuals are crucial for the survival of the organization and their decisions and actions may have a great influence on it.

We will write a custom Case Study on Vancity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Once it discusses with the first group, the rest of the members should be invited to share their sentiments. The organization should then use factual information to convince members of the importance of repricing the loans then evaluate the views of all of them to make the right decision.


The supermarket industry: Tesco Report writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Process innovation

Product innovation

Position innovation

Paradigm innovation


Tesco as a well-linked hypermarket in Europe is an international chief in the produce, plan as well as overhaul of technology-based elucidation for the upstream power business (Tushman


Discussion: “Medical errors and neglect killing patients in the UAE, says Federal National Council” by Samir Salama Case Study college application essay help

The article under consideration dwells upon malpractice in health care system in UAE. Salama (2008) reports that one of the members of Federal National Council (FCN), Salem Mohammad Al Naqbi stressed that medical errors “caused deaths, even during simple operations”. According to Ministry of Health various measures are undertaken to address this problem. It is necessary to note that these measures can be quite successful. Training is one of the most effective measures to undertake.

Notably, the issues concerning malpractice are common for many countries (Liuzzo, 2009). First, it is important to define the term though. Malpractice is improper conduct of a professional. Malpractice in health care can often cause injuries and even deaths. As has been mentioned above, Salama (2008) reports that people die even during simple operations.

In the case of the UAE malpractice is often the result of lack of knowledge and experience. Health care professionals do not have the necessary knowledge and skills to successfully conduct operations. These mistakes lead to numerous injuries and even deaths. It is important to note that malpractice associated with unethical conduct is not typical for the UAE.

It is necessary to note that training can solve this problem (Liuzzo, 2009). In the first place, appropriate training programs can diminish the lack of knowledge. Of course, it could be even more effective to analyse downsides of medical education in the country. Medical schools should provide health care institutions with professionals who have the necessary knowledge and skills.

Of course, it is also important to encourage health care professionals to attend various training programs. Apart from this, it is crucial to launch various conferences, workshops, etc. These venues will be helpful for health care professionals as they can share experience.

Salama (2008) mentions that one of the Ministry’s strategies is to invite foreign professionals who can improve the situation. Of course, this measure can also be effective. Firstly, these health care professionals will improve the quality of medical services. Secondly, these foreign professionals can share their experience and help domestic heath care professionals develop. Notably, Salama (2008) reports that the Federal National Council rejected this measure. The officials wanted a more comprehensive approach.

Admittedly, education is the key to the problem. Health care professionals will conduct properly if they have the necessary knowledge and experience. It is also important to note that the UAE should not ignore the ethical plane as Liuzzo (2009) notes that malpractice often emerges in this very area.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, Liuzzo also notes that liability of health care professionals can encourage the latter to conduct properly. Therefore, it can be effective to introduce certain amendments to the law. Salama (2008) mentions that some steps were undertaken in this area. Therefore, it is possible to state that the UAE officials are on the right track and the problem can be solved. Of course, the measures undertaken should be comprehensive and consistent.

On balance, it is possible to note that the article under consideration reveals a problem in health care system in the UAE and the way the problem is addressed. The article dwells upon malpractice which is a result of the lack of knowledge and experience.

Though some measures have been undertaken, they were proved to be insufficient. Reportedly, the UAE officials see the solution of the problem in training and issuing medical liability. Notably, reforms in medical education should be the starting point in health care system reforms.

Reference List Liuzzo, A.L. (2009). A. Liuzzo’s essentials of business law. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Salama, S. (2008). Medical errors and neglect killing patients in the UAE, says Federal National Council. Gulfnews.com. Retrieved from https://gulfnews.com/


Marketing Plan for “W Hotels” (Starwood Chain) Term Paper college admissions essay help

Marketing Strategies 1. To increase the current occupancy rate for week days by 10% and for weekend by 15% within the next year by marketing the 5 star qualities of the accommodations facilities. The hotel will renovate and expensively furnish all the luxury suites in the hotel to deliver an expensive taste.

It will provide a golf course and a state of the art spa in exclusive setting ideal for romance and parties. The hotel will train its staff to give them the capacity to deal with emerging customer requirements by anticipating them and providing them in an efficient and professional manner. The aim will be to create a W hotel experience that will make customers return to the hotel again.

2. To facilitate smooth arrivals from the Airport and essential facilities for executive business travelers. The hotels will provide a dedicated 24 hours chauffeured transport shuttle service from the airport to the hotel. The chauffeured service will be available to guests who request the service in advance when booking.

The drivers will deliver the guests to the front desk where they shall be received and directed to their luxury suites. The hotel will install high-speed wireless internet which will be available 24 hours a day with advanced conferencing and group calling features.

3. Target Markets. The W hotels will target luxury travelers from all over the world who want the very best money can buy.

This is a market segment that is not concerned with the price but rather with the quality of the service and products. It will offer exclusive services to create an individual experience to the guests which will enable them to jet in and relax for a few days with a guaranteed experience to remember.

The business travelers will be the next target. High speed internet and state of the art conference rooms equipped with video calling and group calling features will be available for their use. A dedicated high quality system will be maintained and serviced to the highest quality possible for a smoother and better experience.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The investment on free facilities will bring high returns because the guest will also use other facilities and services provided by the hotels providing a diverse source of revenue throughout the year (Baines et al., 2005).

The luxury accommodation industry is unaffected by economic recessions because the clientele are high end users with money to spend.Hence a guaranteed revenue all year round for the W hotels.(Kiessling, Balekjian


Lean Techniques and Tools Report (Assessment) college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

1. The goal of lean is to add value to the flow process of manufacturing. This is by adding value to the services and products created, through a continuous process. Ideally, the focus of this process is to eliminate non-value processes like downtime, inspection, re-work, and waiting.

Therefore, lean manufacturing uses lean tools to reduce activities, conditions, and behaviors that create waste in a production process. Through these lean tools, manufacturing can gain the advantage of short lead-time, less cost of storage, and less handling.

2. Lean tools and techniques increase quality management, by cutting back the cost of production, increasing the speed of assembly, improving quality of products, and thereby making a company to remain competitive.

Moreover, lean thinking allows managers to enhance company performance, save on money, and reduce wastage of time and resources. Since, lean thinking focuses on reduction of all forms of waste in an organization, effective quality management that focuses on lean techniques are able to set goals to reduce waste.

3. The kaizen concept is the building of quality services and goods and the satisfaction of consumer needs. Towards this, the concept encourages employees to be involved in the “development and implementation of improvements to systems” that affect them (Summers 358).

The concept is involved with the continuous effort to improve services and products, and reduce waste, thereby supporting quality management. This is through flow kaizen, which deals with the improvement of value stream, or process kaizen that focuses on elimination of waste.

4. “Value stream process mapping” focuses on what is vital to the consumer, makes the production process clear, identifies sources of waste, and eliminates the non-value added activities.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through this process map, the manufacturer can identify the value desired by client, link the desire with the appropriate process value stream, and resources through a walk-through. The purpose of the process map is to understand the information and material flow.

5. Kanban cards are identifiers found in an inventory system either in a computerized system or in a traditional filing system. The cards follow a product through the various stages of production, and include information like; name, number, instructions, date of creation, due date, and pertinent information, thereby keeping track of inventory.

6. Predictive and preventive maintenance provides production with effective and reliable equipment, through value added activities. Value added activities reduce equipment time, by reducing setup losses, idling, equipment disasters, breakdowns, unscheduled machine downtime, and unplanned downtime.

This is because, these maintenance techniques identify that equipment failure is another source of waste in a production process.

7. The production of goods in smaller batch sizes leads to short lead-times. Short-lead times occur between the production of raw materials and the moment the consumer receives the finished goods (Summers 371).

Consequently, short lead-times lead to increased number of inventory and continuous flow in production for each item. Smaller batch sizes also imply that pull systems or Kanban work well, by easily revealing problems in production.

8. Takt time refers to “how often a single part should be produced, and provides the starting point for the line balancing” (Summers 372). Takt time is “available working time per day” over “costumer demand rate per day” (Summers 373).

We will write a custom Assessment on Lean Techniques and Tools specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is a measure employed in the synchronization of the pace of production to the consumers’ demands. For companies to get the most effective balance line of production, they ensure that no production time is running faster than takt time.

Works Cited Summers, C. Donna. Quality Management. 2nd ed. New York: Prentice Hall, 2009. Print.


Thoughts on Educational Philosophy Essay online essay help

Introduction Philosophy of education is an academic field that is involved with the application of philosophies in order to define as well as explain goals and meaning of education (Noddings, 1995). It is imperative to note that education has its own challenges, goals and related theories. In this case, philosophy of education involves the study of educational process, aims, forms and methodologies of study. This field highly focuses on the process of educating individuals in various fields.

Research has revealed that philosophy of education also focuses on how learning takes place (Schunk, 1996). In addition, it exposes the theories involved in learning and the practice of teaching. Moreover, the discipline legitimizes and exposes the limits of certain educational practices and theories (Schunk, 1996). Notably, different people have various thoughts on education, the concepts of learning and truth.

It is against this scope that this paper intends to explore the meaning of truth, how it is taught and the theoretical basis of learning and teaching. Additionally, the paper will also elaborate the process of learning and effective teaching and learning strategies that can be adopted in a classroom environment. Moreover, it will also shed light on the role of schools and teachers in a multicultural society besides the integration of personal faith in philosophy of education and how it manifests itself in teaching.

What is truth?

Studies have shown that truth is one of the central aspects in philosophy (Groff, 2000). Nevertheless, the concept has various meanings. For instance, truth can be defined as the state of being in accord with reality. Moreover, the concept can also be used to mean sincerity of the matter or action (Groff, 2000).

Explain why what a person believes about truth is important

It is notable that a person believes that truth is important since it helps in understanding and accepting reality. In this case, truth helps an individual to overcome falsehood (Groff, 2000). As a matter of fact, it enables a person to work towards a particular target in accordance to reality. It is also worth noting that truth has a unifying effect since it solidifies the actual essence of reality.

What should be taught and how should it be taught?

Truth is all about reality and thus individuals should be taught about it right from childhood age (Schunk, 1996). Quite a number of persons have problems coping with reality which can only be learnt through experiences. In this case, truth should be taught in all aspects of life through formal, non-formal and informal education systems.

For instance, individuals should be taught about reality in vocational and non-vocational settings. This can be done through the use of mentors, teachers, counselors and guardians (Groff, 2000). The latter category of individuals is quite instrumental in the process of teaching.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is the theoretical basis of your personal philosophy of learning and teaching? Describe this theory or theories, including the individuals associated with these theories

In terms of John Locke’s idea on learning; I strongly believe that learning and teaching are active and two-way processes that take place between the learner and teacher. Theoretically, it is evident that learning and teaching have two phases namely sociological and psychological (Noddings, 1995).

In line with this, there are theories that can be used to support this fact. For example, we have philosophy-based and psychology-based theories that explain how learning and teaching take place. Notably, theorists have emerged in the past to explain how the process of learning takes place.

As a result, different viewpoints have been presented. Needless to say, these viewpoints have been used to explain how education and learning processes occur. It is vital to point out that the philosophy-based theory of learning was spearheaded by early philosophers and scholars such as Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato (Schunk, 1996). In this case, they argue that effective learning occurs in tandem with the desired outcomes.

Therefore, these philosophers debated on why and how people learn and eventually concluded that the desired outcomes shape both the nature and process of teaching and learning. The ancient scholars perceived learning as a training of the mind in order to make new discoveries (Frank, 2005).

Nevertheless, there are scholars who appreciate learning as vocational training through apprentice method. In this case, it is arguable that vocational training encourages inherent learning that is characterized by inquiry, reflection and discourse (Locke, 1996).

On the other hand, psychology-based theory of learning emerged in the 19th century and it is all about the scientific study of learning. Notably, scholars who proposed this theory included Descartes, Thorndike, Skinner and Kant (Schunk, 1996). Research has revealed that these scholars were influenced by the studies of Darwin.

The theorists studied how people learn and also attempted to explain the best teaching strategies. Notably, the theory addresses how a human mind is influenced by psychological and behavioral mechanisms, a factor that makes one to construct knowledge depending on stimulus derived from the environment through senses (Schunk, 1996).

We will write a custom Essay on Thoughts on Educational Philosophy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These theories derived a scientific approach to explain how the human mind develops mental connection with positive stimuli in the environment. In this case, they argue that learning occurs due to association of impression from senses with impulse action. The latter may occur either consciously or subconsciously.

How do you believe learning occurs? Describe the learning process

There are numerous processes through which learning can occur. Therefore, it is imperative to note that though quite a number of theories have emerged to explain how learning occurs, there are those that appear more precise than others (Noddings, 1995). In this respect, John Locke’s theory of learning is apparently explaining how learning occurs more effectively.

By adopting his idea, I believe that the human mind at childhood is like a blank slate or tabula rasa bearing in mind that there is nothing recorded in it. In regards to how learning occurs, experiences encountered from childhood to adulthood shape human minds (Locke, 1996).

As a matter of fact, the human mind gathers information, skills and knowledge through experiences. This enables the learner to create more complex ideas (Gutek, 2009). It is also imperative to note that education system is structured in a manner that it will provide adequate experiences to learners depending on the discipline of study.

How does this understanding of learning affect your teaching?

This understanding affects my teaching positively since I will be able to enrich learning environment with necessary resources to facilitate effective acquisition of knowledge. In my position as a teacher, I will be able to employ numerous teaching strategies in classroom in order to shape the minds of learners effectively.

Notably, this approach will also enables me to apply good moral standards since learners are likely to copy from what they encounter. Therefore, in case they observe negative aspects in classroom; they are likely to portray the same in future. Additionally, this will also help me to present the much needed information, knowledge and skills that are updated to learners. It will further ensure that they get the best form of knowledge through firsthand experience.

In line with the aforementioned elements, enhanced understanding will also affect my strategies for teaching bearing in mind that I will transform my delivery strategy from teacher-centered to learner-oriented.

In this case, my lessons will be directed to the learners in order to give them room for exploration. Consequently, the learner will be able to gather knowledge and skills from the environment. Nevertheless, it is also vital to mention that knowledge and information should be presented to the learner before experiencing the real situation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Thoughts on Educational Philosophy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More What teaching and assessment strategies do you believe are effective, based upon how you believe students learn?

Empirical research studies have revealed that learning is an active process that involves both a teacher and learner. Since learners gain a lot from experience, it is essential to use numerous teaching strategies to ensure that they participate actively in classroom (Frank, 2005).

For instance, other than just using lecture method, it is important to make the process of learning to be learner-centered. Needless to say, the teacher should give learners assignments to do on their own. In line with this, group work and projects assist learners to cooperate and remain active in finding out new sources of knowledge on their own.

In terms of the above perspective, the teacher should also allocate variety of teaching materials in classroom such as books, objects and reference materials (Frank, 2005). Besides, it is essential for a teacher to employ effective assessment methods to identify how learners progress in classroom.

For instance, one of the effective assessment methods is through keen observation of learners in order to study their level of motivation and attitude toward specific concepts. For instance, according to behavioral theorists, one can be able to understand and assess learners’ ability by observing their behavioral patterns. Another effective method of assessment may entails posing questions in classroom to evaluate learners’ ability to understand and comprehend concepts that have been taught (Frank, 2005).

What is the role of the school in a multicultural society?

It is definite that school is a social institution that plays crucial role in society (Frank, 2005). It is also imperative to note that society uses the institution of school as a tool which assists children in gaining skills, knowledge, values as well as etiquettes related to life. In this regard, a school fosters socio-cultural development in the sense that it prepares learners to become reliable individuals in future.

Notably, learners who come from a multicultural society are bound under one culture at school (Smith, 2009). For instance, every school has a syllabus that is being used to guide and educate learners. Therefore, it is arguable that a school is an institution that fosters oneness in society regardless of the prevailing cultural differences.

That notwithstanding, a school establishes balance in multicultural society by enabling learners from different cultures to explore, learn, discover, create and construct new ideas from the experiences gained through education (Smith, 2009).

What is the role of a teacher in multicultural classrooms?

From a careful review of literature, it is evident that a teacher plays a crucial role in enhancing harmony and effective learning in a multicultural classroom (Frank, 2005).

For instance, a teacher often acts as a decision maker in classroom by ensures that all the activities being done in classroom are geared towards attaining major values in society such as harmony, integration and equal participation in classroom regardless of learners’ individual differences (Smith, 2009).

In addition, a teacher acts as a planner in classroom. As part and parcel of the teaching responsibility, a teacher allocates resources to learners and organizes how learning will take place (Frank, 2005). In line with this, a teacher also plays the role of a craftsman. This involves a case whereby he or she assists learners to acquire skills and attain knowledge related to life through demonstration, asking questions, motivating and guiding learners in a classroom set up.

How is your personal faith integrated into this philosophy of education? How does your faith manifest itself in your teaching?

It is essential to note that religion plays a key role in philosophy of education and hence it is an indispensable aspect in learning. Additionally, personal faith helps to instill morals and values in the learning process. Therefore, it is definite that my personal faith is very much integrated in the philosophy of education and is also manifested in various methods of teaching.

For instance, when interacting with learners, I guide them on how to apply moral virtues such as obedience and honesty in classroom. By so doing, it helps them to adhere to instructions and rules and eventually prepares their minds in readiness to learn.

References Frank, C. (2005). Teaching and Learning Theory: Who Needs It? College Quarterly, 8(2), 1-12.

Groff, R. (2000). the truth of the matter: Roy Bhaskar’s critical realism and the concept of alethic truth. Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 30(3), 407-435.

Gutek, L. (2009). New Perspectives on Philosophy and Education. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

Locke, J. (1996). Some Thoughts Concerning Education and Of the Conduct of the Understanding. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co, Inc.

Noddings, N. (1995). Philosophy of Education. New York: West view Press.

Schunk, H. (1996). Learning theories. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Smith, E. (2009). Approaches to Multicultural Education in Pre-service Teacher Education: Philosophical Frameworks and Models for Teaching. Multicultural Education, 16(3), 45-50.


Ratatouille 2007: Animation Accent Essay college essay help: college essay help

Disney animated films attach different accents to different characters. It remains a wonder then whether the use of various accents represents different levels of characters in these films. The question remains as to whether there is a systematic way within which accents are used to come up with different character traits?

Given that Disney animated films is an American company, the most common accent that is likely to be used is GA or General American. This accent is likely to be attributed to good characters, on the other hand English with a foreign accent and/ or RP i.e.

Received Pronunciation represents the accents that are likely to be attributed to less favorable characters. Other than looking at how accent has been used in Ratatouille to portray different stereotypical kinds of characters, this article will also look at how this compares with Rosina Lippi-Green’s work, “Teaching Children How to Discriminate”.

The assumption that social pressures to conform with stipulated modes of behavior, lifestyle and prevailing culture has had its fare share of determining how Disney use accents in its animated films cannot be far from the truth. The issue of ethnicity is reflected by allocating an accent to a character inline with his or her perceived ethnic background.

The setting of the movie also determines the accent to be allocated to characters. If the setting is in a place where use of GA is unlikely, then RP is used instead. Use of accents in animated films can help reveal societal norms by showing what accents are preferred to others.

Through the use of accents as an artistic device, the movie audience can easily infer the various characters background, intelligence, social status, race or ethnicity among other traits. Thus, accents in movies reveal stereotypes attached to different people at any given one time.

The use of accents in animated movies can be used as a way of promoting standard language ideology to children. This is easily achieved when there is a direct correlation between the character and the accent. Since animated movies are intended for children, stereotypical features are clearly defined and there is certainly no need of second guessing.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ratatouille is an animated film for children despite the fact that it has so many story strands that are related to adults. The characters in the movie use strong French accent that is quite difficult for children to figure out what is being said.

The title of the movie is derived from a French soup not to mention that it is ironical in how it sounds as the co starring in the movie is a rat named Remy who forges an alliance with Linguini the talentless chef who is about to be fired. Linguini tells Remy”Let’s think this out, you know how to cook, and I know how to…. appear human…” Remy is guided by an apparition of Auguste Gusteau that helps him to intervene through Linguini when a soup that has been tampered with is about to be served in Gusteaus’s restaurant.

Through Remy’s genius, the savor of the soup is improved and it attracts accolade that saves Linguini’s job who gets promoted instead of being fired.

Ratatouille is set in Paris, France and the dominant accent is French which suits the setting, however, the protagonist speaks GA, for instance when asking Remy a question “.Uh, whatto I do after the onions?” Therefore, a question arises as to whether the use of language is biased towards spreading a standard language ideology towards children.

The question can be best answered by noting how all chefs are denoted to speak French-accented English. Lippi-Green noted that in all French films, the prototypical French who are truly French are the characters concerned with food preparation.

This means that the setting of the movie is not the issue in allocation of French-accented English; rather, this accent is used stereotypically to represent characters that are truly French. The hero is depicted as a male and his aide a lady, chef Collette who speaks French-accented English.

She is depicted as being kind and less sophisticated i.e. when she says “What is this? Keep….your… station clear! , I’ll make this easy to remember, Keep your station clear…. or I will kill you!” Anton Ego the villain who criticizes food made by Linguini speaks French-accented English and his looks are those of an evil person.

We will write a custom Essay on Ratatouille 2007: Animation Accent specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this film, the three rats namely Remy, his brother and father and Linguini speaks GA while most of the characters speak English with French accent.

The movie setting naturally makes as presume that the characters should all speak French accented English even if they are animals, also, Linguini a human should not speak GA as he is in France and his name which means pasta does not indicate that he is an American in any way in any case he is all French just like the rest of the characters.

This bias shows that accent has been used as an artistic device to make Linguini stand out as the ideal hero. By selecting GA as the ideal accent for the protagonist, all that Disney is doing is try and conform to the expectations of the audience.

This indicates people’s attitudes towards some accents. If the hero should speak some other accent other than the GA, the audience could deem that to be improper and they could easily react negatively since such a trend is simply not right.

In Lipi Greens article “Teaching children how to discriminate”, she argues that characters in Disney films are used to teach children how to discriminate through the use of different accents. In her book, she notes that French accents are manipulated with the aim of portraying a positive stereotype but the outcome of results can be quite the opposite.

She also observed how gender is used in Disney films. Sounding white was portrayed as the best way to be desirable. Children are made to believe that the ideal male characters that are on the lookout for female companionship are those that speak United States English (Lippi-Green, 1990, 87).

In this book which looks at how Disney perpetuates stereotypes and discrimination towards gender, ethnicity, nationality etc, Lipi Green observes how French accent is manipulated to associate French characters with food and as being teasing. The name of the protagonist Linguini means pasta and name Collette means victory for the people.

Through such manipulations, children learn to associate the learned stereotypes with the French culture and nothing less. This means that despite Disney’s good intentions, the overall effect can be that of limiting children’s view of the actual nature of French people. Lipi Green cautions that Disney producers should not misuse accent to negatively stereotype people as most animated movies are watched by children.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Ratatouille 2007: Animation Accent by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Lippi-Green, Rosina. Teaching Children How to Discriminate. Hampton: Hampton Bluebell, 1990. Print.


Organization behavior – Consumer decision-making is a process Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The consumer decision-making process

Need recognition – Motivation

Information search- perception

Alternative evaluation – Attitude

Purchase decision- Integration

Post purchase evaluation- satisfaction



Introduction Marketers all over the world rely upon their understanding of the consumer decision-making process to be successful in their day-to-day practices. Consumer behaviour captures all the activities of consumers that range from searching of the suitable products or services, their utility, all the way to the disposal of such products or services. Different scholars have developed models, strategies and theories that seek to clarify the consumer decision-making process.

Marketers rely upon the knowledge of this process in their identification of the most effective points of entry to influence the choices and decisions made by the various consumers to their advantage (Bettman et al. 1998, p.195). Since it is common knowledge that the consumer decision-making is a series of steps that constitute the whole process, the knowledge of what comprises each of the steps, as presented by the different models, is vital for any marketer seeking to be successful in marketing either products or services.

The marketer takes the responsibility of a guide to the consumer. Therefore, he/ she should be able to provide a good share of information about the effect of the decision that the consumer makes (Bilkey 2010, p. 20).

Successful dissemination of correct information about the important attributes of a given product, as well as its advantages in comparison to those offered by the competitors, is important in making sales and maintaining a clientele base. This paper aims at analysing the consumer decision-making process determining why it is necessary for marketers to understand the process in details to secure sales and maintain a satisfied client base.

The consumer decision-making process There are a number of models put in place by marketers to explain the consumers’ decision-making process. The most common model is an adaption of the scientific method, which comprises of five basic steps.

For the purposes of marketing, research, as well as understanding the buying patterns of different consumer segments, it is important for marketers to understand what each of the steps contain, which leads into each other (Doney,


The Questions Concerning Technology Expository Essay best essay help

Introduction Technology is an issue which Heidegger resolves to question in his article, The Question Concerning Technology. In doing this, Heidegger reminds humans to reflect on movement of thought that happens in any perplexed questioning more than the mere words that form part of the questioning. This will ensure that the context of questioning is heard and determined.

Heidegger explores an array of claims that prima facie, produces weird outcomes that hold humans, entirely making them unaware. Consequently, he explores the essence of technology in itself is not technological. Thus, this drives him to examine technology, and more fundamentally, the essence of technology.

Discussion Heidegger does not restrict certain qualms as a result of rapid expansion of technology, and with the connected speed with which the global network of technical tools are breaking up distance and condensing the once immense, mystifying and obstinate earth to a more controllable global village. However, Heidegger is dismayed to see parishes and communities being substituted by a global culture and global Gemeinschaff; for example, he cites the parish pumps politics as a remnant of the past (Kaplan 9).

Philosophical Thinking of Technology

Heidegger claims that it is not a surprise to humans that anything which is often taken for granted will become a significant basis of alarm; that is, what seems to be self-evident or unproblematic is a sache. Heidegger poises after insistent zeal.

In this context, Heidegger claims a series of conventional methods where technology is less or more harnessed to be exhaustively understood. Though, these seem ways of understanding technology, Heidegger cites some flaws on them and suggests other shortcomings such as; they fail to capture or touch on what he views as the essence of technology.

Heidegger demonstrates his mature philosophical jargon claiming his thinking is by finding a way he wishes. This is by using the unterwegs language (Kaplan 38). Heidegger explores the question concerning technology by embracing the term extraordinary. This is the thinking line in which he augments his thinking.

However, why is Heidegger using ‘extra-ordinary’ when describing technology? Heidegger wants to relay traditional approach and most endemic of human impulses, that is, the desire to question after things and to satisfy human curiosity. In a nutshell, Heidegger uses this term as a philosophical impulse to erase doubts, or interrogates the actions of what human ordinarily assume as the explanation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Perhaps, Heidegger sees that humans merely amass knowledge in relation to something in which they have no prior information. By using adjectives, Heidegger provides humans with a hint to reflect.

Since humans tend to accomplish something which at one level is ordinary but another level subverts much of what they view as ordinary, thus this leads them to the “extra-ordinary” or extra-mundane. Heidegger likens the extra -ordinary actions to the old records as those encompassed in the occident of human deliberation confronting the world in which they found themselves.

Essence of Technology

In questioning technology, Heidegger develops a free relationship with it. He alleges that this relationship is free when it establishes an essence of human existence. Besides, he alleges that technology should not be mistaken as the one already meaning the essence; the essence of something is not the same thing in itself (Kaplan 56).

Heidegger offers an example of a tree to illustrate the essence of technology. He shows that in thinking of the essence of trees, what pervades every tree cannot counter all other trees among them. Hence, this is similar to technology: the essence of technology is by no means anything technological (Kaplan 10).

Heidegger claims that any disposition in regard to technology is either deceptive or inadequate. However, the inadequacy of all delusions is to embrace technology as neutral because this conception, in the present society, humans embrace homage and forget the essence of technology (Kaplan 11).

Heidegger demonstrates that humans generally believe and apprehend the essence of something by being self conscious and adhering to or retaining initial encounter from the onset. Heidegger poses the question: ‘what is it?’ This perhaps proves to be the question of all questions. Heidegger attempts to explore the question by explaining technology a means to an end, and it is a human tool.

The answers he gives seems intrinsic to each other as they illustrate the notion that technology is a tool under human disposal and it prefigures the conviction of facilitating various ends on which humans envisage or have designs. He explains that technological tools possess an equipmental directionality which is intrinsic in the manner humans envisage them. Further, these tools deliver a hand character of human quotidian world, helping them to do perfunctory tasks and routine movements.

We will write a custom Essay on The Questions Concerning Technology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Anthropological and instrumental view of technology

In response to the question ‘What is technology?’ Heidegger seems to exhaust blend anthropological and instrumental definitions of the concept. In his explanation Heidegger illustrates that technology is instrumental. This is because humans use different tools to advance objectives and remove all challenges (Kaplan 27). He further illustrates that it is not less than an anthropological term, because the technology denotes a network of equipments and tools at humans’ disposal and as such, it signifies a human activity in a broader sense (Kaplan 23).

These descriptions are fitting. However, Heidegger insists that they are fairly correct. The correctness of the instrumental definition of technology is more correct as to agitate humans to carefully asses it. The instrumental definition serves to obscure more than it reveals. It erases the differences that are fundamental under leveling perception of what is basically constitutive.

Heidegger claims that the difference created is the inequality between the old apparatus, conveniences of primitive handiwork and the products of modern technological age. He cites airplanes radar stations and hydroelectric plants provides “means” to “multiple” ends in this context. Heidegger obliges that they hardly guarantee pervasive assurance as they are different in the degree rather than kind from ‘the older handiwork technology” (Kaplan 15).

Heidegger alleges that in embracing modern technology as a means to an end, humans are cheated into false assumptions that it is something they can bring under their control and master as it supports their efforts to accomplish certain ends (Kaplan 16). However, this is not the case; there is possibility that technology is not something that is not of human being design and control.

Although this seems contradictory, Heidegger explains that the notion might appear to be consistent as the technology entails securing various ends through means and that it does not necessarily entail that human control or master it. The definition is fitting; however, it is not the ‘round, unvarnished,’ truth of technology (Kaplan 18).

Technology and associated devices involve human activities and is tailored to accomplish or facilitate various human desires and needs by providing means to securing both. Hence, to achieve this goal, it involves all human activities.

Heidegger implies that the implication of anthropological definition must encompass instrumental definition of technology because all human actions seem to be of the sake of something, that is, they are teleogically tilted (Kaplan 20). Hence, the prospect of tangible and controllable field of inquest lies with the concealment within the instrumental definition of technology.

Modern Technology

Heidegger suggests that modern technology is not a creation of human action established out of the autonomous. Thus, humans are accountable when it comes to the issues that manifests in technological activities leading to the “call of un-concealment” (Kaplan 58). Hence, any human action at any time in human history does not exist in a vacuum of a sham sense of sovereignty but involves human beings being directed into the unconcealed.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Questions Concerning Technology by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The un-concealment of the un-concealed has come to pass whenever it calls man forth into methods of revealing what allotted to him (Kaplan 59). Thus, if human accept this, they are obliged to view any modern activity which they would associate with present technological doings such as observing, investigating, among others that perhaps, ensnare nature as an area of its own conceiving (Kaplan 60).

Conclusion In His article, Heidegger demonstrates that technology is not the criticism of another intellectual Luddite. Heidegger, rather, shuns the lure of demonizing technology and propagates a more ominous myth. He opts to reflect on the issue and trail a contour of questioning until he understands what holds to be the source of this notion.

Heidegger views that the notion, which is omnipresent and common in everything a human being do and say, merits Sein itself; thus, it enjoys the illustrious and unmerited standing of self-evidence.

Works Cited Kaplan, David M. Readings in the Philosophy of Technology. Maryland: Rowman


Rationale Investment Portfolio Report essay help online free: essay help online free

The investment objective of this portfolio is to selectively invest in well established companies that show signs of growth within the next few years. Not only that, this investment portfolio will also invest in companies that have experienced slumps as of late due to their current market environment but do show significant potential in growing out of their current unfortunate circumstances.

Name of Company Symbol Amount of Shares Price Amount Invested Convergys CVG 652 $13.80 $9,000 Rationale behind Investment

Investing $9,000 into the Convergys (CVG) stock is based on three factors:

A relatively stable stock price that has not experienced significant dips within the past 3 years and has only dipped once to a quarter of its share price as a direct result of the 2008 financial crisis.

The company’s revenue stream is significantly bolstered by its call center facilities located in India and the Philippines

Lastly, various U.S. and European based corporation have increasingly sought to outsource various aspects of their operations to third-party operators (like Convergys) in order to reduce the cost of doing business.

It is a combination of these factors that has resulted in the company’s stock price hovering just between $10 to $15 dollars and remained at this constant interval for the past 3 years.

Other factors have also contributed to this investment, such as the company establishing 18 business processing and call centers within the Philippines, which is now considered the best location in the world for voice-based business processing services. With the current European debt crisis threatening to create further turmoil within global markets, it is expected that more companies will turn towards outsourcing as a solution to remaining operational.

Such a case was seen in the aftermath of the 2008 global economic crisis wherein U.S. based telecommunication firms such as AT


Ho Chi Minh and Deng Xiaoping, Face to Face Essay essay help online free

Introduction: Into the Background Sometimes the ways of history can surprise even the most sophisticated connoisseurs. At the first glance, there can be little to no similarities between Ho Chi Minh, an early XX century political leader of Vietnam, and Deng Xiaoping, the General Secretary of China (Goodman, 1995).

However, despite the gap in time and space, the two share certain similar features in their political approaches and leadership portraits.

Comparing and Contrasting the Leadership Style Like most leaders, Ho Chi Minh and Deng Xiaoping share certain features of their leadership style. However, there are certain differences between the strategies which they chose, as well. Analyzing their key assets, one can possibly see the specifics of both leaders.

Hence, it is clear that, unlike Ho Chi Minh, Deng Xiaoping tried to revolutionize the country and the traditional political approach, while the former put an emphasis on the traditional values.

Comparing and Contrasting the Negotiation Style Analyzing the peculiarities of the negotiation style which Ho Chi Minh and Deng Xiaoping chose to rule their country, one can possibly draw certain parallels and see the similarities between the two leaders.

Therefore, it can be concluded that there are little to no similarities between the ways in which Ho Chi Minh and Deng Xiaoping ruled their countries. Therefore, it is worth noting that Deng Xiaoping can be considered a milder political leader and a considerably less devoted Communist.

In Search from the Machiavellian Traits: The Portrait of a Leader Despite the fact that the principles established by Machiavelli in his Prince even nowadays are considered the foundation stone of a good leader who is bound to bring the country to an ultimate success, the two Asian leaders seem to have succeeded without them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ho Chi Minh, for instance, relied not on his iron grip, but on the patriotism cherished in the population of Vietnam, thus, relying rather on the power of patriotism than on his iron grip to keep the nation attached to the country and its interests.

Therefore, it can be hardly considered that Machiavellian features were evident in this leader’s portrait. As Quinn-Judge (2003) emphasized, “Both stereotypes of Ho Chi Minh – Machiavellian apparatchik or national saint – have in my view become deadweights impending the search for the historical figure” (2).

As for Deng Xiaoping, the latter, in contrast to Hop Chi Minh, had very distinct Machiavellian features, following in the footsteps of the famous political scientist.

It is quite peculiar that Xiaoping managed to comprise the subtle manner or ruling the state and pulling the social, economical and political strings, with the ability to possess powerful influence over the country. According to Wo-Lap Lam (2006), Deng Xiaoping “[…] has a Machiavellian, go-for-the-jugular streak” (27).

Conclusion: The People Who Changed the History Therefore, there can be no possible doubt that both Ho Chi Minh and Deng Xiaoping played extremely important role in the development of the country. Each of them choosing their own political strategies and developing their own specific leadership styles, the two men managed to change the history considerably.

Even though their impact on the country is undeniable, there is a huge gap between the means which they chose to rule the country and to establish the relationships with the rest of the world.

With Ho Chi Minh’s harsher ways to handle the international affairs and with Deng Xiaoping more subtle yet at the same time more revolutionizing manner of ruling the state, the world has seen how even a single person can bridge several cultures and help the country establish trustworthy links with other states.

We will write a custom Essay on Ho Chi Minh and Deng Xiaoping, Face to Face specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List DeCaro, P. A. (2003). Rhetoric of revolt: Ho Chi Minh’s discourse for revolution. Westport, CN: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Goodman, D. (1995). Deng Xiaoping and the Chinese Revolution: A political biography. New York, NY: Routledge.

Quinn-Judge, S. (2003). Ho Chi Minh: The missing years, 1919-1941. London, UK: C. Hurst


Bliss Travels Marketing Plan Report cheap essay help

Introduction The purpose of this report is to discuss the prospect of e-marketing strategy to increase the customer base and to increase profit level of Bliss Travels. However, this report will concentrate on the local competitors, the customer behaviour to select a travel agent, and related factors such as the influence of age, experience, price range and location.

In addition, this paper will focus on the advertising and strategic management system to prepare a guideline for the company to design different Web-based promotional and communication program.

On the other hand, this report will estimate the web development costs, propose website ideas for this business, and assess the performance of programmers, Internet


Collective Bargaining in Illinois Report custom essay help: custom essay help

The article is about various state boards found in Illinois, whereby the board members and the directors are seen doing very little and on the other hand, receiving a great pay. There is an example given in the article about the meeting that was held in March 17 2011 by the educational labor relations committee.

The writer of the article gives readers a clear picture of that meeting that started at 10 am and ended at 11.16 am (ISB). The board discussed few topics like the labor disputes facing various districts, the reports were read to all the members, and probably came up with the date for the next meeting.

In total, the meeting covered duration of 76 hours and each participant got approximately $7800 as the pay. In addition to such payment per meeting, these board members are also paid monthly salaries, which are accompanied by state pensions.

The writer of the article says that most of the board members rotate in the top government organizations, and some are members in more than one board (ISB). The board members who are politically connected get the best payments for the least time used in several meetings per year.

Some top governors have seen the fact of these board members receiving much money for few hours, but they received much opposition from the majority group (ISB). Some officials did not like the idea of reducing the pay for the board members for the few hours they sit for meetings. The worst part of the idea was that most of the board members are permanently employed in other sectors either public or private sectors.

As an international student and as a reader the issue of these board members receiving such big amount is controversial. Economically, this act can greatly result to unequal distribution of resources in the country (ISB). If some officials are members of more than one board, they end up getting a lot of money.

There are some people who wok hard for the full month, and the salary they receive is not worth their efforts. The people who contribute much to the economy by working long hours end up receiving less amount of money. There should be equal distribution of resources in the country to boost the low earners.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, when these board members meet they discuss crucial and very sensitive matters in their meetings. Incase they mess up with such matters; they may end up paying costly for their mistakes (ISB). In connection to how sensitive their matters of discussions they are, the better their pay should be. There are activities that can be done in minutes and they are worth much money.

Most of the board meetings discuss important matters that would earn the whole nation a lot of money, and this qualifies the board members to be paid an equal amount. In the nation, such serious issues of payments should be catered for to make all the citizens enjoy their fruits of their labor accordingly.

Earning much money for some individuals while others are earning very little may widen the gap between the rich and the poor hence dragging the economy behind.

Works Cited Illinois State Boards (ISB): Little work, great pay. 2011. Web.


Marketing Plan and its Components Essay essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Target Market

Marketing/ Sales Strategies

Competitive Analysis

SWOT Analysis



Introduction The main aim of any given business entity is to make profit from its products and services. Profits in a business can only be realized when a ready buyer buys or is served by a business thus the need of marketing plan so as to retain the customers.

Marketing plan involves the layout of how the business is going to penetrate or keep afloat in the competitive market by identifying the target market and laying down the strategies of how to venture into the identified market.

It also enables the business to identify its competitors and to cope with the needs of the customers. A business should consider the following factors when developing a marketing plan.

Target Market Target market entails segmentation of customers a business has decided to focus on for the purpose of selling goods and services. Identification of the market for a business products results to a business deciding on the method of promotion to use so as to reach the target market.

It also involves pricing and distribution channels of the business products or services so as to reach the targeted customers. Through market analysis the business is able to use more cost effective and easier methods of business promotion.

This can be in a case of home cleaning business whereby the business owner uses newspapers to advertise so as to reach the target market. To be more cost effective the same business can promote its products by directly writing mails to particular residents.

Market segmentation is normally done in order for a business to be successful in target marketing. This can be done in the following ways:

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Geographical location segmentation.

Demographic segmentation which is determined by measurable statistics like income and age.

Psychographic segmentation which is based on lifestyle preferences.

A good identification of the target market will always determine how well a business can sell its products and services to its customers.

Marketing/ Sales Strategies Marketing strategy is a process that allows concentration of limited business resources on greatest opportunities so as to increase the sales and the growth of business.

The business scans internal environment such as performance analysis, marketing mix and also external market environment like target market analysis. It also involves evaluation of elements such as culture, economic and even political environments. A business comes up with all the possible means which it can enforce so as to reach the target market identified.

Competitive Analysis Competitive analysis is the assessment of the strength and weaknesses of current and potential competitors (Smith, 2005). The analysis provides both the defensive and offensive strategies through which a business can identify its strengths and weaknesses.

The business identifies the challenges in the market by identifying its competitors and their positioning in the market. Through profiling its competitors, the business reveals the weaknesses of these competitors and turns them into its strengths so as to fill the gap left by the competitors.

These weaknesses maybe manifested in form of poor customer relations, poor quality products, unsatisfactory services and so many other things which when improved may add value to attract customers. T

he proactive stance of a business also enables the business to understand how its rival may react to its planned strategies and so it should be prepared. Competitive analysis also gives a business strategic agility whereby offensive strategies can be implemented so as to maximize on the strengths while defensive strategies can be used to counter the rival.

We will write a custom Essay on Marketing Plan and its Components specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More SWOT Analysis This is a strategic planning method used to evaluate the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. It looks at the objective of business venture and the factors which are favorable and unfavorable to achieve the business objectives. These include:

Strength: These are characteristics of a business which makes it to perform better than its rivals by having a competitive advantage over its competitors.

Weakness: Are characteristics which work to the disadvantage of the business as compared to other competing businesses.

Opportunities: These are chances which can make a business to venture into the market unexploited opportunities making it to increase its sales.

Threats: Elements that can work against the business performance.

The strategies considered during evaluation may be limited by the SWOT analysis. Sahaf, (2007), notes that a business which uses SWOT analysis may conclude that it has done a complete job on planning and forget or ignore the business objectives.. Findings from Reynolds and Olson, (2006), have shown that SWOT analysis can harm business performance depending on how it is implemented.

Conclusion In market planning, a business has to put into consideration all the above areas as they are the driving forces that put a business on the right track towards achieving its success. Marketing and sales strategies have more weight as they are the revenue determinants and the backbone of a business performance.

The business should also concentrate in one area of target marketing so as to fully capture all the customer needs and goes a notch higher to evaluate and identify the latent needs of the customers even before they identify them.

References Doyle, P. and Stern, P. (2006). Marketing management and strategy. Upper Saddle River: Cengage.

Levinson, J., C. and Levinson A. (2007). Guerrilla marketing: easy and inexpensive strategies for making big profits from your small business. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Reynolds, T., J. and Olson, J., C. (2006). Understanding consumer decision making: the means-end approach to marketing and advertising strategy. New York: Routledge.

Sahaf, A. (2007). Strategic Marketing: Making Decisions for Strategic Advantage. Upper Saddle River: Cengage.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Plan and its Components by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Smith, B., (2005). Making marketing happen: how great companies make strategic marketing planning work for them. New York: Butterworth-Heinemann.


Strategic Marketing Plan for Marina Bay Sands Hotel Report essay help: essay help

Executive Summary This report analyses and presents the “Strategic Marketing Plan” for “Marina Bay Sands” Hotel. This is a five-star inn located in Singapore, which has excellent leisure facilities, fashionable architecture, and offers first-rate MICE services to clients. The report highlights the overall company history in terms of hotel description, its location, services offered, its clients, owners, and basic formation.

The company’s market share and revenue is analyzed, with the significant effect of global economic crunch noted. This has affected the market capitalization over time from 2007 value of $49 billion; $140.00 per share to nearly $3 billion in 2008. There is a brief description of organizational structure and working systems within Marina, this includes the statement of the mission of the organization.

Concurrently, PESTLE analysis describes the exterior influences on the industry. An analysis of each factor is evident thus demonstrating the current position of the organization. Market analysis shows that Marina enjoys a strategic location in Singapore, South East Asia with a large customer base.

Competition is not as stiff as only one rival, GMB exist in the region. There is an analysis of the four P’s in relation to the business. Noticeably, a SWOT analysis indicates that the organization has more potency and opportunities than the limitations and threats. An outline of recommendations for future methodologies and approaches to marketing is evident in the final part of the report on the firm.

Introduction Strategic Marketing Plan

This is a vital concept in all business organizations as it forms the root for successful service launch and market performance. Macdonald (2008, p 25) argues that marketing planning helps businesses to scrutinize and direct the range of interior and peripheral influences on its competency to accomplish lucrative sales, and goals.

According to him, planning of the marketing undertakings with inclusion of all the business activities is necessary for potential growth and service to customers. This novel approach enables corporate to gain profit, which is the universal yardstick for gauging efficiency while also satisfying customer desires.

Marketing strategies in any business outline become the working targets in the marketing unit (Macdonald 2008, p 26). Williams


Advertising Proposal for EduTot Research Paper online essay help: online essay help

Executive Summary EduTot is a company that was started in the 1990s to provide a completely integrated education system to students through provision of toys, programs and plays that incorporate play and growth. This is an advertising plan for the company in order to increase its competitiveness in the domestic market and aid the efforts of the company to go global.

The research entails an understanding of the company’s products, the competitor and the strategies used by the company against those used by the competitors. A marketing strategy, marketing rationale and marketing objectives are also considered.

Then the advertising strategy in terms of media mix, media choice, seasonality, tone, geographical considerations and other factors are developed. The budget for the advertising is drawn on monthly basis and then the strategy, methodology and objectives of advertising evaluation determined.

Situation Analysis Current Users

This section explores the users of a company’s products. A good understanding of the users is important since it enables the company to formulate better marketing strategies that will appeal to the customers (Hackley 23).

The understanding of the customers can be achieved by looking at the demographic features of the customer such as occupation, marital status, ethnicity, education levels, income brackets, age brackets and number of children among other demographic considerations.

The psychographic features such as lifestyle of the users, tastes and preferences also provide a good understanding of the users. After this understanding, one is able to come up with a prospect definition for the customers.

1. Demographic Profile

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Occupation – the users of the products of EduTot come from various occupational backgrounds. This is because the company manufactures toys and other programs for use in teaching of young children. The customers for the products are the parents of students who come from different occupations. However, a great percentage of the users are schools and teachers thus the main occupation of the users of the products of EduTot is teachers or education specialists and specifically early childhood educationists.

Marital status – the users of the products of EduTot are married, single, divorced, separated or widowed. In other words, there is no specific target in terms of marital status for the products of the company

Ethnic background- the users of the products of EduTot are from diverse ethnic backgrounds although many users are Americans. This is because the company was started in America and that is the country of operation.

Education- the products for the company are most appropriate to teachers and educationists whose education level varies from university graduates to college graduates.

Age – the users are not of a specific age group, but the most common users who are teachers are adults.

Income – the EduTot’s products target the middle class people in the society with moderate income. There income is neither low now high.

Children – the number of children is not applicable for users of products of EduTot.

2. Psychographics/ Lifestyle

VALS in marketing stands for Values, Attitudes and Lifestyles and it is a tool used for establishing the psychographic factors of the customers (Hackley, p. 35).

People can be grouped into different VAL categories depending on things that motivate them and resources available to them. The users targeted by EduTot Company are achievers and strivers because they are teachers, parents and educational centers who strive to achieve academic excellence for their children.

3. Prospect Definition

The prospect definition is a statement that identifies potential customers to be targeted. Because EduTot Company has been successful in America, it is good for the company to explore other international markets (Sutherland and Sylvester 67). Thus, the prospect definition for the company is new customers of middle-income class in Britain and Japan.

Geographic emphasis

The products from EduTot Company do not have a strict geographical emphasis. The targeted geographical areas are the urban areas since they have high population and thus more education centers.


Seasonality refers to the occurrence of high sales and low sales in business. Seasonality is a factor to EduTot Company products. The company records high sales when schools are about to open and lower sales later. This is because when schools are about to be opened, that is when most schools, educationists and parents look for the required materials for education.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Advertising Proposal for EduTot specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Product evaluation

Under the product evaluation, issues related to the products of EduTot Company will be discussed and they include history of the products; sales history, pricing and distribution channels currently employed by the company to sale its products and the brand character.

EduTot was started in the early 1990s in United States of America with the aim of providing education aids, which would ensure a completely integrated learning process in the early stages of children’s growth.

The company started producing toys, games and computer software that could provide values such as analysis skills and problem solving skills in children. Since its inception, the sales of the company have been in an upward trend and in 2009; the company recorded a record US $ 120 million.

The pricing strategy in use by the Company is cost plus pricing. The company sets a price that enables it to cover the production, services cost, and a profit margin on top of the cost of production. The distribution channels used by the company is use of wholesalers and retailers who sale the products to the consumers.

The targeted wholesalers and retailers are those who sale education materials and bookstores. This channel is more effective since it involves lower cost of distribution and it ensures high market penetration. EduTot estimates that it has made a penetration of 4% in market outlets in US.

The products are placed in shelves facing customers and places where the customers can have easy access to the products. The EduTot Company commands respect from retailers and wholesalers in the market due to quality of products and thus they readily allow space for products.

Some retailers however face out of stock problems due to distribution problems by wholesalers. EduTot highly employs the push strategy to promote goods and services since the products are still new in the market.

It is also good to evaluate the brand character of the products of EduTot limited. The current pricing is acceptable and affordable to many customers since the profit margin added is no too high. The products are of high quality since the toys are durably made of bright colors, safe for children use and they promote learning.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Advertising Proposal for EduTot by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The computers software and other learning programs are user friendly and reliable to the consumers. The packaging is also attractive protects the quality of the products. It also enhances convenience in transportation since the toys are parked in cartons.

Compared to the products of competitors, the products of EduTot Company are more reputable. The problems that the products solve are lack of an education system that promotes wholesome growth and learning. The overwhelming benefits to the users are achievement of completely integrated growth of their children while at the same time enhancing their safety.

Production of the toys, software and other education programs require creativity in order to make use of the changing technology. EduTot is thus required to continually look for ways to improve on their products in terms of technological advancements, changing education requirements and safety.

There are no notable competitors to EduTot in provision of childcare toys and education programs. The competitors are small and they are still in the infancy stages thus they command a minimal share of the market. The competitors are few in number and they target specific states in US.

Most of the competitors use the pull strategy to promote their products because they target a smaller market. They do not have good reputation with retailers and wholesalers because their products are too localized, are of low quality and high priced.

The pricing strategies used by the competitors are penetration strategies since the competitors are new in the market. The products are of poorer quality than EduTot’s products in terms of performance, durability and safety.

Their packaging is similar to that of the EduTot’s products hence it can be concluded that the products from EduTot are superior to those of competitors. The mode of advertising used by the companies is use of newspapers and posters. Their weakness is lack of appropriate slogan for their brands hence their brands are not more recognized than EduTot’s brands.

Research Objective

The research objective of this paper is to determine the advertising marketing strategies applicable to EduTot Company in order to maintain and increase their market share and enter into the global business scene.


The strategy for the advertising and product campaign is promotion of the customer benefits, increase of brand awareness and promotion of the differentiating features of the EduTot’s products. The advertising will be aimed at improving the brand image of EduTot Company.


In development of the advertising strategy and the product campaign strategy for EduTot Company, the background information about the products is sought. The product history, current marketing strategies, distribution channels and pricing strategies is provided.

In addition, an overview of the competition in terms of product quality, distribution and pricing is done. The media mix is then decided, the marketing objective or aim established and the advertising strategy developed.

Summary Of Findings

The advertising strategy more suitable for the products of EduTot Company is an aggressive campaign with a global outlook and one that makes use of a good media mix is appropriate for the products of the company.

It is also found out that the advertising strategy should be aimed at informing the customers on benefits and features of the products and changes in prices. Other needs for the advertising strategy are to persuade customers to buy the products from the company.

Problem: Opportunity Statement EduTot Company has been successful in the United States of America for over twenty years. The company has created and maintained a big market share and it has continued to recorder increasing sales.

Over the past ten years, competition has been growing in the education sector and this has been caused by introduction of small companies who provide accessories to certain states in US. This has forced the EduTot Company to formulate long-term strategies in order to maintain market share and find other markets. The company decided to embrace globalization strategy.

The research problem or opportunity statement for this paper is thus to develop an effective advertising strategy that will help EduTot Company to maintain market share as well as to get new markets internationally.

Marketing Objective The marketing objectives for EduTot Company’s products are:

To maintain market share

To get new markets in the global market

To satisfy the needs of the customers

To ensure the products are within customers’ reach

To develop affordable and quality products to consumers

Marketing Rationale The marketing rationale for this company is to identify the customer needs and satisfy those needs well than the competitors. Another rationale is to identify potential markets and penetrate into the markets. The company also seeks to create new markets through exploration of international markets.

Advertising Creative Creative advertising strategies used to promote the brand image of a product, persuade the customers to buy and use the product. It employs the use of slogans, good publicity and other sales promotion strategies. The creative advertising strategies can be weak, semi-strong or strong depending on their intensity.

The big idea is to show the main features of the products of EduTot. The support for the main idea is accessibility, durability and other features such as information on price changes. The tone used is persuasive but also aggressive in nature and the emphasis is on sampling of customers who have experienced the products.

Advertising Media Media refers to the channels that can be used to pass the information to the users. A choice of media is made depending on the target audience, coverage, marketing objective, cost and other factors.


The objective of the advertising media is to reach the target market effectively. This means that the media should pass the information without distortions and that the media should be cost effective. The target audience for EduTot Company is the elite who are involved in education sector.

A media chosen should create an appeal to the elite. Because the company has chose Britain and Japan for international business, the media should be able to cover those two markets in addition to addressing the market in America.

There is seasonality in advertising for the products of EduTot Company since the company expects to sell more when the schools are about to open. The media used should reach the targeted group but it should not be so frequent. This is to cut down on advertising costs and to avoid boredom. The media should take into consideration technological advancements and lifestyles of the targeted group of customers.


This means the media mix, types of media, geographical use and seasonality of media considerations in advertising. For EduTot, a mix of both print and electronic media is recommended. The company should advertise through newspapers, televisions, posters and most importantly, online. It should therefore develop a website for use in marketing the products.

The website should be interactive and it should allow customers and other people to contribute to the development of the product. The types of media for use are not limited. The company can use any media that has a national and international appeal.

Because of technological advancements and diversity of users, the media formats to be used are not limited (Brainmass 2). The company can use short plays, songs, pictures and other formats as long as they pass the message and appeal to the targeted customers.

The media to be used should reach the international markets (Britain and Japan) as well as all the states of US. Advertising should be continuous but its aggressiveness should vary with seasonality of demand.


The tactics to be employed by EduTot should be to for the company to identify itself with customers, make the customers believe that the company understands their needs and ensure that the message is aggressively delivered to the customers.

Multimedia recommendations Objective

Multimedia refers to use of more media to pass the same information, either at the same time or at different times. The objectives of multimedia use for EduTot Company should be:

Pass the information in a cost effective manner

Create easy understanding of the message

Well customized to address different time and place situations

Enhance quality of the message being delivered.


To enhance the choice of multimedia that addresses all the objectives above, EduTot should come up with adverts that employ the use of pictures, sound, short movies or videos as well as pictures. These will be effective since they will help the company to pass the information in a cost effective manner.


The best methodology would be to play audio adverts when the people are relatively busy, like when they are travelling or working. When the people are at home, video and music adverts will be better because people are relaxed and they have time to listen to them.

Flowcharts And Schedules The following should be the flow chart for the establishment of the advertising campaign:

Budget Advertising budget for EduTot Company

Media Cost (US $) Newspapers: Local newspapers (10 adverts per month @ $ 30,000) 300,000 International newspapers (15 Adverts @ $ 40,000) 600,000 Radio advertising (30 Runs per month @ $ 20,000) 600,000 Billboards and outdoor advertising (10 billboards @ $ 100,000) 1,000,000 Internet advertising (Creation and maintenance of website) 500,000 Fliers (10,000 @ $ 1) 10,000 Market survey and research (200 hours @ $ 20) 4,000 Advertising evaluation (200 hours @ $ 10) 1,000 Total 315,000 Campaign Evaluation/ Testing

The advertising strategy chosen should be tested, implemented, and then reviewed to know whether it is effective. The objective of campaign evaluation or testing is to ascertain the effectiveness and suitability of the chosen strategy to know whether it needs to be revised or not.

Another objective is to keep track of all the costs and schedules to ensure that everything goes according to plan. The strategy or methodology for evaluation of strategy is gathering of data regarding the expenditure and results and then comparing them with the targets. This will show the extent to which the advertising strategy has accomplished the targets hence its effectiveness.

Works Cited Brainmass. The four P’s of marketing for EduTot in Germany and Japan. 2010. June 5, 2011.

Hackley, Christopher. Advertising and Promotion: Communicating Brands. London: SAGE, 2005. Print

Sutherland, Max and Alice Sylvester. Advertising and the Mind of the Consumer: What Works, What Doesn’t, and Why. Crows Nest: Allen


The Manufacturing Industry in Qatar Research Paper essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Economic state of Qatar

Political state in Qatar

Geography of Qatar

Natural and man- made resources in Qatar

Population, demographics and education in Qatar

Infrastructure in Qatar


Works Cited

Introduction Every one of us wishes to start and run a successful business regardless of the region, country in which the business enterprise is launched. There are some of the concepts that a business man has to look into before he or she can decide on the exact position where the business premises are going to be located.

Some of those issues include the proximity to the main road, availability of consumers, availability of raw materials in case the business is going to involve manufacturing process, security of the area and the nation at large and also the government commitment to provide secure environment to run a business.

For instance it is very difficult for an investor to start up a new business enterprise such as bottling of water in a very dry area because in such an environment, water is in scarcity and if the business is set up, the operating costs may be higher than the revenue and hence the company may end up closing down.

In addition one cannot set up a business enterprise in a place that hardly experience peace and stability. Some of these issues play a very vital role in determining whether one will invest in certain areas.

Having achieved these entire requirements then, the business can initiate its operations or decide to abandon the whole idea if some or all of the requirements are not met by both the state and the individual starting up the business.

Anderson (p 198) points out that the government should encourage more and more people to invest in the country as the investments contributes a very big share in the government revenue realized in terms of taxes charged on the profits that they make. Therefore, the more the investment, the more the governments realizes more revenue and thus the economy of such a country continues to grow year in year out.

In addition he points out that delocalization of business enterprises is very important for any country as this ensures that the whole country gains equally in the terms of development. He notes that some government have a tendency of encouraging investors to start their business in the already invested areas to enhance competition thus making other regions in the country lag behind in terms of infrastructure development.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He asserts that delocalization of industries and other forms of businesses helps in the springing up of other small business enterprises around the area where the investor has initiated his business. This according to him helps in improving the lives of the people around that region in way of job opportunities and improvement of infrastructure such as roads that comes hand in hand with such investments.

In this paper we will focus on the manufacturing industry in Qatar. Owing to availability of massive deposits of oil in Qatar, manufacturing industry is likely to thrive since crude oil is a raw material for many products such as plastics, petroleum jelly, as well as tar that is used for the purposes of tarmaking the roads.

Therefore, I will look at some of the positive things that make Qatar a better place for a person to invest in and not in any other country in the entire world.

Economic state of Qatar Qatar is a country found in the Middle East. According to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, Qatar is the fastest growing country with an annual economic growth of about 19 percent as at the year 2008. In Qatar petroleum is the backbone of her economy that has for a long time accounted for over seventy five percent of total government revenue.

In addition, Becker (p 278) points out that petroleum contributes more than fifty percent of the country’s gross domestic product and also holds the lion’s share of all her export income. According to him, without oil Qatar cannot be in existence.

She is currently among the world leaders in the crude oil production and also she exports the product. He points out that soon after attaining her independence from Saudi Arabia in 1971, Qatar has continued to record a continued growth in her economy except in the period between 1982 to around 1987 when her economy experienced a down turn as a result of low prices from oil sales.

For a country to continue thriving economically she needs a strong banking sector and this has been the case with Qatar. According to Meshack (p 145) the economic depression of 2008 to 2009 did not affect the Qatari banking sector.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Manufacturing Industry in Qatar specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He points out that her banking sector was among other countries of the Middle East voted the best overall in the year 2008. In 2009-2010 financial year the Qatari Investment Authority (QIA) announced that it would buy five percent stake in so that it would increase the banks strength and also increase the consumers’ confidence.

He notes that after the economic melt down in other countries, many customers lost confidence in the banking sector and therefore the government had to step in and rescue her institutions.

He adds that in order to ensure that the banks continued lending money to their customers, the government decided to buy the investment portfolios of the financial institutions and therefore this acted as measure to cushion the banks should the customers fail to repay back the loans advanced to them.

In the year 2009, World Bank valued the Doha Securities Market (DSM) at $11.5 billion. However, in the following year the value decreased by over 40 percent and as a result the government had to intervene in order to save her from decreasing further.

Oil production which as earlier stated has been the back bone of her economy, has continued to increase to a current capacity of about 85000 metric cubes. Meshack (p211) points out that expert predict that her oil reserves are going to be exhausted around the year 2023.

However, he notes that the discovery of the natural gas has boosted her export earnings by becoming the third largest producer of natural gas in the entire world after Saudi Arabia. He argues that, the government has embraced a new program dubbed Qatarization which aims at making Qatari nationals occupy the senior positions in government institution.

In order to make this program successful, the government has partnered with the United States of America government whereby Qataris get educated and then return to Qatar to assume these positions that has been for a long time been occupied by expatriates.

Anderson (p 98) has noted that the government has put up a number of industries that have played a great role in improving her economy.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Manufacturing Industry in Qatar by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He points out some of the industries that the government has started include the Industries Qatar (IQ) that are responsible for the production of petrochemicals, fertilizers and steel. According to him, industrial production constituted a significant growth in Qatar’s growth domestic product.

He has pointed out that the huge profits realized by the companies in Qatar have been used in improving the economy and also protecting it from any melt down like was the case in the United States of America and most of the European countries in 2008 to 2009.

In addition he argues that Qatar is currently creating awareness on her citizens on the importance of reducing their reliance on oil and the natural gas since they are non-renewable and instead explores other avenues that can help sustain her economy once these natural resources are exhausted.

Qatar Foundation which is the government agency to oversee how the country is improving economically has been tasked with this role so that when the oil and the natural gas are no longer there the economy would not grind to a halt.

He points out that the government is preparing itself earlier to avoid being caught unaware and thus start depending on other countries. Prior to the discovery of oil, Qatari way of life relied heavily on pearl diving, fishing and desert subsistence.

Today Qatar has now become as one of the world’s leading producers and exporters of liquefied Petroleum gas (LPG), and envisages becoming the world’s largest producer by the year 2013. He points out that the incomes realized from the sale of oil and natural gas have taken Qatar into the ranks of the world’s richest countries.

Political state in Qatar The modern state of Qatar was formed after she gained her independence from Saudi Arabia in 1971. Since then up to now the Al Thani family has been at the throne of leadership. The head of the government and state in Qatar is referred to as Emir.

Meshack (p 119-121) argues that Emir is not answerable to any person but has to strictly adhere to the Islamic law. In order to ensure accountability and promote transparency the Emir has to rely on the advisory council that helps him in policy formulation.

Qatar has a consultative assembly that is composed of 35 members. Ferdinand (p 23) points out that the members in the assembly are handpicked since no elections are held to put them in their offices.

He claims that in the country the country has 9 municipalities that include the Umm Salal, Ad Dawhah, Madinat ash Shamal, Al Ghuwayriyah, Jarayan al Batinah, Al Jumalyliyah, Ar Rayyan, and Al Wakrah.

However, unlike other countries that allows for elected leaders to head government and other institutions like the legislature, municipalities he points out that the citizens are only allowed to vote in the municipal elections. In addition to that he claims that the elected municipal has no powers and all that the leaders can do is to offer advice to the Minister in charge.

He points out that when the current Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani took over power on 27th June 1995 he allowed women to participate in municipal elections, he allowed media freedom and facilitated the formation of Al Jazzera some of the issues that the previous rulers had denied to their subjects.

Besides the Emir, there is a Prime Minister who is always in consultation with the Emir on how best the country should be run. Because of the enormous powers bestowed on the Emir and the ruling class he has contented that Qatar is not a democratic country. However, owing to the freedom availed by the current regime many scholars have not been able to define this kind of regime.

Geography of Qatar Qatar as a country is found in the Middle East. According to Becker (p 204) she lays between latitudes 24 and 27N and longitudes 50 and 52 E. He notes that Qatar consists of a tiny peninsula projecting northward into the Persian Gulf from the larger Arabian Peninsula and that it has an area of 11,437 square kilometers (4,416 square miles), He has observed that Qatar is low lying nation that is all deserts.

He points out that she experiences a very cold winter that runs from November to around February and very hot summers in the period between May to around September.

However due to the advancement in technological know how, the subsequent governments have managed to irrigate some parts of the country and today she is able to produce a significant amount of fruits that her population depends on. He claims that average temperatures in June are 42C (108F), while during the cold season around December the temperature goes down to a low of about 15C (59F).

According to him rainfall is usually high during the winter period with certain periods the rain causing floods owing to the poor drainage system that cannot handle large volumes of water during such periods.

In addition he points out that during the summer period humidity along the coastal areas can go as higher as ninety percent.

According to him the highest point in Qatar is referred to as the Qurayn Abu al Bawl at 103 meters (338 ft) in the Jebel Dukhan.

This is the area that he has noted that contains majority of onshore oil deposits, while the natural gas is mined at the northwest of the peninsula which is located in the off shore areas

In addition he points out that the coastline of Qatar is part of a regional low of the Arabian Desert plain and it houses two natural harbors. The capes, Ra’s Rakan and Al-Mabakh, are also situated in Qatar and this gives the country an advantage. He says that there is an inlet known as Khr al-‘Udeid that has within its proximity large areas that have large areas covered by sanddunes.

Natural and man- made resources in Qatar As earlier mentioned Qatar lies in the Arabian Desert where there exist a number of natural resources as well as the man made resources. However owing to the harsh weather in the region, Anderson (p 100-109) points out that she has limited natural fresh water resources and as a result the government has been forced to introduce facilities that would make salt water consumable by the people as well as the few animals in the country.

Some of the made resources in Qatar include the harbor in Doha as well as Umm Harbor that have been created by digging channel so that the shallow areas could be deepened and therefore allow big ships dock without any problems.

Population, demographics and education in Qatar Over the years the population in Qatar has been growing in a very huge way. According to Becker (p 201) the population increase is attributed to the large number of expatriates from the developing countries of Africa and Asia.

He says that the Qatar citizens have been for a long time been known to shy away from responsibilities and therefore in order to fill up the deficit the government as well as other private companies have been forced to source for man power from other countries. He claims that as at 2008, the total number of people in Qatar stood at 1.1 million people where out of these more than three quarters were expatriates.

The total number of men has been on the rise since women have not been accorded equal opportunities compared to men. He says that Qatar is putting up modern structures now and therefore more men who can handle tough jobs are required and therefore this explains why the number of women has not matched the number of men.

With an increased investment by foreign companies, Qatar’s education sector has not been left behind and in the recent past there has been an increase in a number of foreign institutions opening up campuses in Qatar.

He says that some of the international schools in Doha include Stenden University, America School of Doha, The Gulf English School, The Cambridge School, and the International School of Choueifat. He has observed that education in Qatar is regulated and controlled by the Supreme Education Council.

He argues that the council has been mandated with controlling education from the kindergarten all the way to the University level. He points out that the regulation and control of education in Qatar is jointly shared by the Ministry of Education and the Supreme Education Council of Qatar.

He attributes this to the fact that Ministry of Education has been reducing the amount of money that they have been allocating to schools and also the fact that many schools have been put under the watchful eye of the Supreme Education Council of Qatar.

The Supreme Education Council of Qatar is endeavoring to improve the quality of secondary schools education as well as the University education by allowing Independent institutions that have been allowed to carry out their work without much interference from the government and other relevant agencies.

Infrastructure in Qatar Owing to large deposits of oil in Qatar the government has managed to initiate a number of projects that have left many people baffled. According to Becker (p 108) Qatar Airways has for instance started constructing a floating airport in the Persian Gulf. Other projects undertaken by the government include a tunnel connecting Qatar with her neighbor Bahrain.

He says that super highways are being constructed that have helped improve the way in which people move from one place to another. Skyscrapers are coming up which have made become a trademark identifying Qatar.

Based on this analysis, determine whether a substantial foreign direct investment in this country would offer a competitive advantage to a company in the student’s chosen industry.

Having looked at all those aspects in Qatar it is then possible to say that foreign direct investment would help a business thrive and prosper at all times. This is informed by the fact that the government has provided a friendly environment for businesses to grow.

In addition, the construction of roads has facilitated the movement of goods fro the harbor and the airport to the interior.

For instance, in the manufacturing industry which I have chosen, the movement of crude oil from the fields to the factories has been made possible because of pipelines that have been lain down by the government. As a result, any investor setting up a business in Qatar will have all the necessary ingredients for his or her business to grow and expand.

Conclusion It is a sole responsibility for any government to ensure that investors are protected from any thing that may hinder them from operating. This is because the investors have contributed a lot in the growth of the country’s economy.

Improvement of infrastructure is another very important thing that will invite more and more investors in a country or in a region. As Qatar has done, for a country to succeed economically more money has to be spent in rehabilitating and maintaining the existing infrastructure.

Works Cited Becker, Peter. Governments in the Middle East. New York: MacMillan, 2010

Meshack, Andrew. The Evolving Qatar. London: Routledge, 2011.

Anderson, John. Business in Qatar and Bahrain: A Comparison. Oxford: Oxford


Technology vs. Humans: Exploring the Benefits of Cursive Writing Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Summary The article under analysis is called Handwriting Rediscovered. Its main idea runs that cursive writing reflects personality, a unique record that characterizes authentically human features. The author focuses on the decreased popularity of handwriting because of the advances in technology. More and more students prefer using laptops for printing their notes and essays whereas notes made in books and sheets of paper are not in the limelight.

Technology vs. Humans: Exploring the Benefits of Cursive Writing

The fact that technological advancement has significantly changed all spheres of human activity is undeniable. People are now more likely to apply to modern methods sending letters, communicating people via cell phones, and travelling by means of plains. Even such an ancient activity as handwriting has gradually been removed by printing devices and laptops.

Teachers are more inclined to use PowerPoint presentations during lectures rather than using blackboard for making notes. However, shifting from old-fashioned manners of writing to computer print, there is something that most people might lose. They might lose their personality, their selves because handwriting mirrors personal ideas that are put between lines.

Following fashionable styles and manners is often a challenge. However, it is also a shift from obsolete techniques in carrying out specific activities. Hence, people should strike the balance between cursive writing and print writing because there a number of advantages of the handwriting. First of all, handwriting allow your understand your personality and your attitude to a topic. It is impossible to express emotion while typing down the notes to a printed text.

Second, stream of consciousness writing technique allow a person to understand how could an future essay can be constructed, as well as how certain purposes can be achieved. Finally, handwriting can be characterized in terms of nature of cursive writing. Nature of unique recording that seeks not only to render an abstract idea that is impossible to achieve by means of finger typing.

While writing and drawing every detail of a letter, one can better concentrate on the essence of future sentences. Besides, it is the best way to activate your brain activities by practicing your finger and arm muscles. What is more important is that it trains various types of memories that are helpful in certain professions.

While making notes on the sheet of papers, it is possible to recognize whether ideas are more important or not. It also contributes to greater identification of handwriting with yourself. Using less modern methods in writing texts encourage better thinking techniques and provide a wider spectrum of alternatives for structuring and writing your ideas.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Certainly, printing texts on your laptop is much more productive because there are several advanced functions, such copy and paste, delete, and highlighting. Changing fonts and choosing colors has much in common with making notes, but still pen writing allows a person to work out specific skills that are necessary in writing, such patience, persistence, multidimensionality and desire to search for alternatives.

Because handwriting is a unique interpretation of personality type, it should also render specific qualities and ideas that are subjective to this personality. Such a purpose cannot be achieved by means of computerized approaches. Handwriting can also sophisticate your knowledge of grammar and spelling because it does not have function of checking spelling. It is necessary to double check the text and search for mistakes in a manual way, which trains memory and attention.

In conclusion, handwriting gains advantage over printing texts because of several substantial reasons. First of all, it allow to express your personality because handwriting is a unique and authentic recording.

Second, handwriting develops several types of memory which are impossible to develop by printing texts. Finally, it also trains such skills as attention and improves your knowledge of spelling. Like human eyes mirror your soul, handwriting rediscovers your personality.


Summary and Reflective Response to “Path Dependence, Lock-In, and History” Essay (Article) essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

Topic addressed

Approach used

Methodology used in the article

Data used

Conclusion of the article

Nature of Argument

The most interesting part of the article


Introduction The purpose of this paper is to provide a written summary as well as a reflective response to the article ‘Path Dependence, Lock-in and History’ by S. J. Liebowitz. In order to do this, the paper will address several areas which will include; the topic being addressed; how the problem addressed is approached; the methodology used; the data or evidence used; conclusions of the article; the nature of argument; and the most fascinating aspect of the article.

Topic addressed In this article, the main point being addressed is path dependence. This can be extracted from the article’s statement of intent whereby it is clearly indicated that the paper aims at examining path dependence. Therefore, the article is centered on path independence as the topic.

Approach used In addressing path dependence, the author of the article makes use of a theoretical approach. From the abstract of the article, the author indicates the main point of arguments of the article. For instance, he asks himself whether economies as well as markets make errors that are remediable when it comes to choosing the products (Liebowitz, 2000).

The author further seeks to establish whether the economy lock-in to these erroneous choices despite the fact that economies and markets have the knowledge that these choices are not viable and are readily available.

The author tries to argue about the problem with support from the available literature. He seemingly argues for the topic since; according to him, indeed lock-ins and errors occur. The author uses illustrations to further support his argument. Therefore, the topic of the article can be said to have been approached theoretically (Liebowitz, 2000).

Methodology used in the article In the article, there is incorporation several economic assumptions which include the restrictive assumptions. In order to conduct analysis, the author uses illustrations whereby he examines the choice of market in video recorder formats.

Data used The author uses theoretical as well as practical data in arguing the problem out. The author makes use of theoretical data in most of the article. The practical data is used in the mathematical counterparts as well as memory in defining path dependence.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author obtains the data from other literatures addressing the same topic. In addition to this, the author defines the problem through extracting data from the probability theory as used in mathematical constructs (Liebowitz, 2000).

Conclusion of the article According to the findings of the article, there is a path independence claim in that a minor or fleeting advantage results to there being some sort of technology, standard or even a product and as such, it can have essential influences, which, according to him are irreversible, on the eventual allocation of the various resources of the market irrespective of whether the environment is characterized by voluntary decisions or maximizing behavior (Liebowitz, 2000).

In addition to this, the author indicates that the literatures on path dependence behaviors are advanced with mathematical literature concerning nonlinear dynamic models acting as motivators. The author further asserts that these nonlinear dynamic models identify path dependence as a dependence on initial which is sensitive in nature (Liebowitz, 2000).

The author indicates that the lock-in by historical events exist as a path dependence property and as such, it is analogously identified as a key finding especially in those areas where the historical events are considered insignificant.

The author finds out that when such kind of a path dependence surfaces, it follows that there is a lower likelihood that the marginal adjustments of a particular agent will offer adequate assurance with regard to optimization of suboptimal end results or outcomes leading to the market failure (Liebowitz, 2000).

While the underlying normative concerns according to the author have been a prominent aspect of path dependence in literatures, not all the phenomena described as path dependence should be taken to imply failure of the market.

These findings indeed align with what has been learned concerning the topic. The findings are sufficient and therefore worthwhile according to my experience.

We will write a custom Article on Summary and Reflective Response to “Path Dependence, Lock-In, and History” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nature of Argument With regard to how the author has addressed the problem, the article is inclusive of literature review as well as illustrations and as such, the author can be said to have made good arguments in trying to address the problem sufficiently.

Further support for his good presentation of the argument can be derived from the use of economic models. Generally, the author supports his theoretical approach with mathematical models to comprehensively argue the problem out and therefore reaching valid conclusions.

The most interesting part of the article The most interesting aspect of this article is the procedure that the author follows in making the reader understand the topic. As such, the author first indicates the statement of intent and therefore, the reader is able to know where the argument is heading to. In addition to this, the author defines the important aspects as well as concepts pertaining to dependency path.

In providing the support for his discussion, the author consults literatures relating to the topic. Another interesting aspect of the article is that it uses viable economic methodologies to reach worthwhile findings and increasing authenticity.

Reference Liebowitz, S. J (2000). Path Dependence, Lock-in, and History. Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, 8(2), 1-9.