The gun control debate in the United Stated is decades, if not centuries, old. This is why this issue was deemed important enough to be included in the Second Amendment of the United States’ constitution. Currently, the debate has been heightened by a series of events that have occurred in the country in recent times.
The movie theatre shootings in Aurora and the more recent school shootings are examples of events that have contributed to the increased gun-control debate. This debate is the subject of a recent opinion piece appearing in the Wall Street Journal. The article appears in the February issue and it is jointly authored by Rivkin and Grossman. In the article, the authors contribute to the debate on gun control from a constitutional standpoint.
According to the authors, the current president seems uncomfortable around guns. This issue was recently spoofed in a fabricated photo that portrayed President Obama being shot by Skeet in the State House. Other than a president who is against guns, the authors note that this debate has only two major groups on opposing sides.
There are those who feel that guns are necessary as tools of self-defense against criminals or political uprisings. The opposing group considers this view as “archaic and subversive”. However, this article dismisses these two groups and focuses on what the country’s constitution states about this issue.
According to Rivkin and Grossman, the constitution clearly gives American citizens the right “to keep and bear arms”. A right that was cemented in a 2008 ruling by the Supreme Court in the matter of Heller v. District of Columbia (Rivkin and Grossman 3).
The main argument in this article is that the government cannot deny citizens their constitutional right and continue to justify itself using weak and selfish arguments. This paper agrees with Rivkin and Grossman’s argument that there is no justifiable argument that warrants gun control.
The reason why the gun control debate has increased is because its proponents seem to have State House backing. Recent utterances by the president indicate that he is in support of gun control. It is not clear whether the president views gun control as a viable solution or like many other gun-control proponents he is just uncomfortable around guns. Recent tragedies involving guns are also acting as another source of fuel for this debate.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Last year in July, a gunman entered a fully packed movie theater in Aurora, Colorado with a gun and shot indiscriminately at the crowd. In the process, 12 Americans lost their lives and 58 more suffered gunshot related injuries. Before that, there was the Tucson mass shooting in which six people were killed and fourteen more wounded.
This year, a teenager entered a classroom with a gun and shot indiscriminately at teachers and school going children in one of the bloodiest mass shootings witnessed in the country. While all these events need to be addressed, gun control is not the answer. The authors maintain that these are just unfortunate events that do not warrant an alteration of the constitution.
In addition, acting now is tantamount to making a “symbolic” change because there is need to for “something to be done” (Rivkin and Grossman 2). Indeed something has to be done, but changing legislations seems like overkill. What is worrying is that no alternative solutions are offered. The government should present at least two or three viable solutions to the mass-shooting problem.
Previous rulings by the highest court in the land have been in favor of the opponents of gun control. In a 2008 case, the Supreme Court ruled that there were no other “interpretations” to the Second Amendment (Krouse 24). The judges upheld that the constitution states that “the right of the people to bear and keep arms shall not be infringed”. Shortly after this ruling, another case pitting McDonald v. Chicago was presented before the Supreme Court.
This case sought to seek clarification on whether the Second Amendment applies to individual states. The court ruled that no state has the jurisdiction to deny an individual the right to bear arms. These rulings among others indicate that the matter of constitutional interpretation in relation to gun control is clear. The constitution means what it says, American citizens have the right to bear and keep arms.
Politicians on the other hand have no say in the matter of the Second Amendment. The Bill of Rights makes it impossible for politicians to carry out self-interests in the issue of gun control. The authors of the constitution foresaw the importance of the citizens’ right to own guns and therefore ensured it was secure from groups and politicians with self-interest on the matter. As the Supreme Court has upheld time and again, gun control is not an issue that favors the rights of the minority.
In addition, the Second Amendment is not ambiguous as many gun control proponents argue. The constitution is clear on the issues of gun control. Therefore, there is no room for gun control as far as the constitution is concerned. Those advocating for gun control should look for other avenues to further their agenda other than the constitution.
We will write a custom Essay on Gun politics in the United States specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Rivkin and Grossman, any changes to the constitution should not be influenced by emotions and mass hysteria. The current debate on gun control seems to fall under the category of mass hysteria. This is because almost all those proposing for gun control seem to refer to the recent increase in mass shootings.
The reason for doing this is to try to appeal to the current mass hysteria. Currently, there are government advisories directing citizens to be on the lookout for mass shooters. In addition, some schools have enforced stringent weapon screening measures to control weapon entry in schools. All these are signs of a society that is in panic mode.
Therefore, the president and other stakeholders should not be quick to amend the constitution on account of this “panic”. The authors claim that there should be a “legitimate interest” before any legislation is changed or made (Rivkin and Grossman 3). There is no need to interfere with a constitutionally granted right in an effort to make a symbolic gesture that is meant to calm the citizens down.
The constitution provides that any changes to the legislation be accompanied by a legitimate interest and the resulting alteration should be as little as possible. An example of this stipulation is a recent decision by the Supreme Court to delegitimize a federal ban that prohibited depictions of animal cruelty.
In the ruling, the court found that the ban interfered with free speech. This ruling indicates that the rights of the individual are always a priority over the rights of the government. The same argument can be applied to the debate against gun control.
The article argues that all the proposed modes of gun control are unsatisfactory. For instance, several states are proposing gun insurance. This insurance is supposed to cover for any damages that an individual’s gun may execute just like in vehicle insurance. This move is not likely to benefit the public in any major way.
This is because this insurance is only supposed to cover accidents and not intentional crimes. The move is just an effort to make it difficult for citizens to own guns. Moreover, some states are proposing a high tax on bullets. These excessive taxes are supposed to limit the use of guns. All these measures are just a clever way of circumventing the Second Amendment.
However, the courts are likely to fault these proposals on the grounds that they interference with the Second Amendment. The regulatory stance of these proposals is similar to regulating free press by making newspapers very expensive. When the government increases the price of bullets, it is the same as increasing the price of ink just to limit newspaper circulation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Gun politics in the United States by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The president also has made a proposal to ban guns that can be categorized as “assault weapons”. The weapons that fall under this category bear different features such as enhanced grips or threaded barrels. While these guns seem super-dangerous, their mechanisms are almost similar to those of other weapons.
For instance, the guns may look different but they still have the same magazine sizes and firing mechanisms that ordinary guns have. In cases of gun misuse, both “assault” and ordinary guns are equally dangerous. Therefore, banning particular types of weapons does not guarantee public safety in any way. In some instances, gun controllers might ban some types of guns based on their personal preferences.
The authors note that some aspects of gun control are permissible. According to the article, checks and balances to ensure that gun ownership is not abused are necessary. For example, there should be strict background checks before citizens are allowed to own guns.
However, the government still has no right to curtail the freedom of law-abiding citizens to own guns. In addition, the government should restrain from enforcing measures that infringe on this right indirectly. Some of these measures include imposing registration fees, taxes, and insensible waiting periods for gun ownership.
The authors of this article add their opinions to a debate that has dominated the airwaves for the most part of this year. The arguments forwarded by the authors are quite solid. The authors point out the contribution of the current president in the debate against gun control. The article argues that the president’s contribution is ill advised and propelled by mass hysteria. The authors lean on the constitution when they are giving their opinion.
Rivkin and Grossman are both law practitioners in Washington and they see the necessity to consult the constitution in the ongoing debate against gun control. Their argument dwells on the probability of undermining the Second Amendment or the Bill of Rights by enacting gun control measures.
According to the article’s argument, all the proposed gun control measures interfere with the Second Amendment in one way or another. The authors are of the view that the existing gun control measures are enough to combat any crisis. The need to exempt passion and emotions from the gun control debate is also emphasized by this argument.
Works Cited Krouse, William. “Gun Control Legislation”. Congressional Research Service 7.57(2012). 1-118. Print.
Rivkin, David and Andrew Grossman. “Gun Control and the Constitution”. The Wall Street Journal 2.4(2013): 2-5. Print.
The United Nation’s response to climate change Analytical Essay college essay help online
Introduction After years of releasing harmful gases into the atmosphere, the global climatic trends have been disrupted leading to a rise in incidents of undesirable conditions like drought (Marsh and Henrik 2000).
Climate change has reached alarming levels and, over time, countries have come out to declare their intention to deal with the issues. This essay seeks to evaluate the United Nation’s response to the issue of climate change.
The United Nation’s Response to climate change The Kyoto Protocol and the Bali Action Plan
In 1992, countries came together in an international treaty dubbed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (US National Research Council 2008). The primary goal of this treaty was to try and come up with methods of cutting back the global temperature rise and the subsequent climate change.
The treaty also aimed at coming up with measures to deal with the impact of the climate change (Edwards and Miller 2001). The talks continued for the next three years and, in 1995, it was agreed that climate change was an issue that could only be addressed from a global perspective.
This led to the adoption of Kyoto Protocol two years later (International Energy Agency 2011). The Kyoto Protocol was a legal agreement that any signatory country had to ensure that their toxic missions were significantly reduced. In 2007, the United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in the Indonesia.
Out of the conference 187 countries committed to continue with talks aimed at giving strength to the process of global warming reduction (Government of Japan 2008).
The eventual action plan, title the Bali Action Plan, aimed at ascertaining the global response to climate change through the following four key objectives: mitigation, adaptation, technology and financing (Government of Japan 2008). The section below shall briefly explain the proposed strategies for the attainment of the four items of the Bali Action Plan.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mitigation
In order to effectively deal with the climate change issue, it was decided that countries set up measures to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This would be achieved through the following methods:
Reduction commitments-Most of the nations in the developed world agreed to put measures in place to help reduce emissions by the year 2020 (Pash 2010).
Emission reduction-Some of the measures that were proposed for helping in the reduction of greenhouse gases included a reduction in demand for goods and services whose production involved a heavy discharge of emissions (Pash 2010).
The utilization of low-carbon technology and the embracement of renewable energy were also pointed out as one of the ways to help reduce the discharge of emissions (Ekardt and von Hövel 2009).
Emission absorption-The establishment of absorption receptors for carbon dioxide was pointed out as one way of helping reduce the amount already in the atmosphere. Some of these receptors include forests and peat bogs (Now, up to and beyond 2012 2012).
Unlike mitigation, which focuses on the causes of climate change, adaptation primary tackles its effects. Adaptation involves making preparations for tackling the effects of climate change, realizing that it cannot be completely avoided (Pash 2010).
Some of the adaptation measures that were proposed in Bali, included the construction of water reservoirs and practicing environmentally-friendly agricultural practices such as crop rotation.
We will write a custom Essay on The United Nation’s response to climate change specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Technology
In the process of reducing global warming, the usage of energy techniques which emit fewer gases was pointed out as one of the best supportive techniques to implement (William 2005).
These clean energy techniques include solar and wind power. It was declared that industrialized countries will provide the developing countries with the necessary financial and technological support to meet this objective.
In order to meet the objectives outlined by the other blocks of the Bali Action Plan, proper financing measures had to be taken (McKibben 2011). To raise the necessary amount of money to help deal with the issue of climate change, it was decided that both public and private methods of fundraising be used.
It was also agreed that countries, particularly those in the developing world, receive grants periodically, to help them effectively contribute to the process of global warming control.
The Cancun Agreements
In 2010, the Climate Change Conference was held in Mexico and in its conclusion decisions had been made to further enhance the process of emission reduction in all countries including the provision of support for climate change intervention in developing countries (The Cancun Agreements 2012).
This was the Cancun Agreement, named after the city of Cancun, where the discussions were held.
The Durban Platform and the Bonn conference
In 2011, the United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Durban South Africa, and it was decided that states should adopt a common legal agreement on the climate change before 2015 (United Nations 2010).
In May 2012, governments that took place in the 2011 Durban Conference met in Bonn, where the progress that had been made was outlined. It was concluded that the process of dealing with climate change should move to the implementation stage (United Nations 2010).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The United Nation’s response to climate change by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the meeting, it was announced that the construction of Climate Technology Center, proposed in the 2010 Cancun Conference, would start expeditiously (United Nations 2010). It was also decided that developing countries be given the necessary financial and technological support needed to get them to embrace the reduction of greenhouse emissions.
This was to be achieved through the Green Climate Fund which is expected to become operational in 2013. In terms of long-term financing, the countries voted for the ignition of processes needed to raise a total of $100billion per year by the year 2020, to go into the cause (United Nations 2010).
An adaptation committee was also established and mandated to kick-off adaptation efforts. Governments also agreed to put measures in place to help in the recognition of slow-onset events, such as the rise of sea levels, most of which ended up causing loss and damage.
Strengths and limitations
The United Nations has responded to climate change by holding various conferences to discuss the techniques that can be used to help deal with issue. The first conference was held in 2002 and since then a few more have been held, each analyzing whether the plans to tackle the challenge are still on.
Even though, the time taken in discussions appears to be on the higher side, the process of dealing with climate change will be more effective if more time is taken in planning, fundraising and the drafting of legislation to help make the implementation process more fluid.
It would take a committed effort from each country in the world to help deal with the global issue of climate change and adequate preparations have to be made. However, if the process takes too long to kick-off and a lot of money is spent in holding conventions, the initial focus may be lost, while the situation continues to worsen.
Conclusion This essay had set out to establish the steps taken by the United Nations (UN) to deal with the global issue of climate change. It has been discovered that the UN has had a number of conferences to lay the ground-work for tackling the issue, with the first committed step coming with the signing of the Kyoto Protocol. It has also been concluded that care needs to be taken to ensure that practical control steps are taken before it is too late.
References Edwards, G
Comparative Analysis of Hilton Hotel and Marriot International Hotels Report essay help: essay help
Introduction The purpose of this paper is to provide an in-depth analysis of two leading companies in the hospitality industry- Hilton Hotels and Marriot international. The aim of this analysis is to identify the major factors affecting their strategic direction and predict their future performances and possibility of existence in a rapidly developing and highly dynamic industry.
Comparative SWOT Analysis SWOT analysis of Hilton Hotel International
Hilton Hotel international is a global leader in the industry, being the world’s second largest group of hotels after Marriot International1. This means that the company has an advantage of size and global presence, which allows it to maximize its profitability2.
The company has a diversified corporate portfolio, with a wide range of products based on both price and service3. In fact, the company has about nine different brands- the Hilton, Waldorf-Astoria Collection, Conrad Hotels and Resorts, Embassy Suites, Hilton Grand Vacations, Hilton Garden Inn, Hampton Inn and Suites, the Doubletree and Homewood Suites by Hilton4.
Thirdly, the company ha a focused development that allows it enter into and consolidate new markets. The company has been pursuing its growth strategy with aggressiveness with an aim of consolidating its presence throughout the world. In addition, it aims at capitalizing on the dynamic and booming hotel, travel and tourism industry as well as the emergent world markets such as India, Brazil and China. For instance, the company announced a major plan of building more then 300 outlets in the Asian Pacific region alone beginning 2008.5
A loyalty program, the “Hilton HHonours” established at the company is one of its major advantages and strengths6. With this program, the company has become a well-recognized partner in the travel and tourism industry. In 2007, the company announced its plans to extend this loyalty program to include Experience Rewards, which aims at offering its more then 17 million customers with personalized and experience-oriented options as a reward and appreciation7. In addition, the company extended its blackout dates in 2008, which made it more valuable in the eyes of its customers throughout the world. From an analysis of the company, it is worth noting that a strong loyalty program is important in retaining its customer and crating brand loyalty among the new customers in order to boost its revenues in the future.
A focus on domestic market is actually a problem at the company. For instance, the company’s presence in the United States accounts for more than 80% of the company’s entire hotels8. In fact, poor diversification of presence seems to be a problem because it makes it vulnerable to any economic crisis that may hit the American market.
Secondly, the company has been quite late and slow in its international expansion. In fact, the company started late in expanding into other markets, first concentrating on its American presence and giving its rivals a smooth time for operating and investing in foreign markets9. Due to its lateness, the company is finding its difficult to penetrate foreign markets, especially where its rivals have consolidated and invested widely prior to its entry.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also worth noting that the cost of real estate investment is hurting the presence of Hilton Hotels in various parts of the world such as China, India and Russia. Due to its lateness in entering these new markets, the company is finding it hard to establish itself due to increasing cost of real estates, especially because these areas are hot spots for investment due to the good economic progress demonstrated by these countries.
Single ownership is another weakness affecting Hilton Hotels. As a privately owned corporation, the company is susceptible to any problem associated with poor decision-making and corporate handling.
The dynamism of market growth in emerging economies such as India, China, Brazil, Russia and South Africa provides the company with an opportunity to expand its foreign presence and take the advantage of low presence of foreign companies in these areas. Secondly, the presence of Luxury brands provides Hilton Hotels with an opportunity of redefining its brand and expanding its portfolio.
Technological dynamism and revolution provides Hilton Hotel with an opportunity to take the advantage by developing unique global brands to compete with its rivals in the industry.
The presence of individual consumer price has increased the demand for unique lodging experience, which is in turn driving towards the establishment of independent hotels. This is common in the United States, which presents a major threat to Hilton that operates as a chain of hotels.
Secondly, the company is threatened by a major downturn in business travel, especially after the world economic crisis of 2007-2010 and its aftermath. Moreover, the invention of e-commerce and internet technology has greatly reduced the need for business travelling, which in turn affects hotel companies.
SWOT analysis of Marriot International Strengths
Marriot International Inc is a global leader in hotel and travel industry, taking more than 5% value share as at 2010. It is the largest company with a wide geographical presence in the world. Unlike Hilton Hotels, Marriot has an unhampered hotel ownership, owning less then 1% of its portfolio. This means that it has the capacity to avoid price and market fluctuations as well as major and minor economic crisis in a given region.
We will write a custom Report on Comparative Analysis of Hilton Hotel and Marriot International Hotels specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Like Hilton, the company has a focused pipeline development, where it is pursuing a growth strategy to consolidate its presence in the emerging world markets and to capitalize on the dynamically booming hotel, travel and tourism industries. It is also worth noting that the company has taken the advantage of the internet technology, with a strong and effective website that guarantees a good online trading, advertisement and communication with its customers.
Like Hilton Hotels, Marriot International Inc is likely to suffer an economic blow due to its heavy presence on the American market. In fact, it has a strong focus on domestic market. Secondly, the company’s focus on luxury brands leaves it vulnerable to any potential global economic crisis.
In addition, it is evident that the company’s focus on Courtyard Brand is a major weakness because the brand is losing its core customers, with experts arguing that business revitalization is not enough to lure the company’s customers back because there is already a fierce competition in the industry. it is also worth noting that the company lacks a low-cost lifestyle brand, instead, it focuses on luxury brands. This leaves the company les popular among the low and middle-income earners and the most common and largest group of customers.
The presence of emerging markets in Asia, South America and Africa means that companies like Marriot are set to use their massive resources to enter these markets and lock out smaller companies. Secondly, technological advancement places companies with massive resources at a better position to use new technologies as a competitive advantage over upcoming corporations with less resources.
Consumer confidence is a general threat to companies like Marriott due to its impact on the income levels of the potential customers. In addition, credit crunch remains a threat to multinational companies like Marriot.
Comparative PEST analysis Political: The two companies share a common political environment, especially because they are located in the United States. However, the wider geographical presence of Marriot over Hilton means that it has diversified its risks associated with localized political threats.
Economic: The two companies have invested heavily in their international presence, thus diversifying their ability to cope with economic hurdles in various nations10. However, Marriot’s wider presence means that it beats Hilton on this ground.
Social factors: social aspects of world population are likely to affect the companies both positively and negatively11. Population growth in foreign markets is likely to favor Marriot due to its heavy presence in foreign markets.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Comparative Analysis of Hilton Hotel and Marriot International Hotels by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Technological: Internet technology seems to favor Marriot because of its heavy presence on the internet and a focus on e-commerce.
Environmental: Both companies experience similar economic effects in their business due to similarity in location and operation.
Legal factors: in the United States and Europe, the two companies share a common legal environment. However, in some foreign markets, they differ sue to their differences in locations.
Conclusion From the comparative analysis, it is evident that the two companies have a better future in terms of their performance. However, Marriot seems to have a number of advantages over Hilton, which means its future is much better then than of Hilton.
Bibliography Abraham, P, International Encyclopedia of Hospitality Management, Butterworth-Heinemann, London, 2011.
Armstrong, M, A, Handbook of Personnel Management Practice, 8th edn, Kogan Page, Milford, 2010.
Natural gas, oil, coal, and Uranium in Russia Report scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Russia’s mineral fuel
Introduction Russia’s economy is ranked 9th in the world in terms of GDP, 6th in terms of purchasing power and 3rd in terms of military spending. The country’s GDP was estimated at around 2.4 trillion dollars (FYE 2011) and a per capita income of 16 736 dollars (Index Mundi, 2012).
According to the 2012 estimates, the Russian population is believed to be over 140 million with an unemployment rate of 6 percent. An average Russia earns approximately over 640 dollars a month. Mineral fuel, oil, metals and timber represents over 80 percent of the country’s exports.
Despite of the increased energy prices, mineral fuel and oil only contributes 4 percent of the country’s GDP and the government expects a further drop in this figure (Index Mundi, 2012).
Russia is not only the largest county in the world but also the richest in terms of mineral resources. The country covers over 75 percent of the former Soviet Union territory. The country holds the largest natural gas reserves and is among the top ten in terms of crude oil reserves.
In addition, Russia is the fifth producer and the third largest exporter of coal in the world. In terms of coal reserves, the country is second only to the United State of America. Russia’s mineral fuels also include uranium which is used in the local nuclear power plant (Grama, 2012, p. 82).
Russia’s mineral fuel According to the U.S department of energy, Russia’s natural gas reserve is about 50 trillion cubic meters. Most of the country’s gas reserves are located in West Siberia. However, Orenburg region and Komi Republic in the North also produces significant amounts of natural gas.
Russia is the second largest producer and exporter of natural gas in the world, contributing more than a third of the global natural gas export. Local consumption of the natural gas is about 70 percent. Therefore, local demand still allows for export. The country’s natural gas is mainly exported to Europe and Central Asia (Grama, 2012, p. 83).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Three natural gas fields, Yamburg and Urengoi and Orenburg, accounts for more than 79 percent of the country’s production. Natural gas production is mainly under the control of Gazprom Company. The Russian government is the main shareholder of the company with 39.89 percent ownership (Grama, 2012, p. 85).
With the discovery of new gas fields and increased capacity, Russia’s natural gas production is expected to increase by 890 cubic meters in 2020. The rising trend of natural gas production has enabled the country to meet its domestic demand and increase export (Levine, 2001, p. 11).
According to the U.S energy department, Russia’s oil reserve is about 7 billion metric tons. Major oil reserves are also based in the West Siberia basin (Tomsk, Tyumen and another 300 field), Ural basin (Volga field) and Pechora Basin (Timam field) (Matthews, 2008, p. 372).
In 1980s U.S.S.R was the leading global producer of oil, with Russia accounting for more than 95 percent of the overall production. However, the fall of the Soviet Union and other economic factors including unstable oil prices in the global market and the dominance of U.S dollar saw a sharp decline in the country’s oil production (Grama, 2012, p. 85).
Currently, Russia produces about 500 million tons oil per year and some experts argue that the country can afford to maintain the same capacity up to 2050 given their potential reserves. The country’s petroleum export is mainly crude oil. Russia crude oil export was estimated to be about 8.4 million barrels/day in 2011.
Major importers of Russia’s crude oil come from central Asia (China and Japan), Europe (former members of the Soviet Union) and North America (U.S and Canada).
The country’s total coal reserve is estimated to about 150 billion metric tons which is mostly brown and hard coal. There was a massive decline in coal production in the late 80s and 90s but the situation changed since 2000.The growth of coal production has surpassed the growth of petroleum and natural gas production.
We will write a custom Report on Natural gas, oil, coal, and Uranium in Russia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Unlike oil and gas whose local consumption is over 70 percent, over half of the coal produced is exported. Ninety percent of Russia’s coal exports go to the European markets (Lawson, 2002, p. 8). Coal production is expected to increase with the depletion of oil and natural gas reserves in the future.
Even though the country has more than 20 coal basins, most of the coal produced comes from 7 basins. The country’s 7 major basins are Donetskii basin, Moscow basin, Pechora basin, Kansk-Achinsk basin, Irkutsk basin, Kuznetski basin, and South Yakutsk basin. The country’s coal is transported through railroad and sea (Rosner, 2010, p. 3).
Russia’s nuclear fuel is principally Uranium. However, the country also produces plutonium but in small quantity. According to the London Uranium institute, the country has over 200000 tons of Uranium reserves.
The country has only one uranium mining project and all of it is consumed locally. In other words, Russia does not export Uranium instead it imports more. The country has nine nuclear power plants with over 20 million kilowatt capacity (Levine, 2001, p. 9).
Russia-Canada trade The bilateral relationship between Russia and Canada has increased significantly over the last decade (Government of Canada, 2012). Canadian exports to Russia have increased by 154.3 percent since 1998. The figure increased from 180 million dollars to over 1.58 billion dollars in 2011.
Most of the Canada’s exports to Russia include automobiles and parts, machineries, aircrafts and parts, and processed food. On the other hand, Russia’s export to Canada totaled about 1.35 billion dollars in 2011. Canada’s imports from Russia mostly include mineral fuels and oil, metals, gem stones, rubber and inorganic chemicals.
The trade relationship between these countries also includes service exchange. In 2011, Russia received 500 million dollars for services rendered and spent 260 million dollars for services received (Government of Canada, 2012).
According to Khondaker (2008, p. 2), Russia and Canada have become significant trade partners, even though trade between these two countries is still low compared with other countries. Russia imports largely manufactured goods from Canada.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Natural gas, oil, coal, and Uranium in Russia by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, its exports are mainly coal, crude oil and natural gas. According to Khondaker (2008), if not for mineral fuels, Canada would have registered a surplus of more than 700 million dollars in 2008 (p. 3). Mineral fuel represents 16 percent of the whole Canada’s exports from Russia.
Over the last ten years Canada has registered a trade deficit with Russia. The deficit was estimated to be about 1.25 billion dollars in 2008 (Khondaker, 2008, p. 4; Matthews, 2008, p. 372).
Conclusion Russia is among the top global producers of petroleum, natural gas, and coal. The country’s mineral fuel and oil reserves are in billions of metric tons. The bilateral trade relations between Russia and Canada have considerably grown over the last one decade.
Russia import mainly manufactured goods from Canada and exports mineral fuel and crude oil. The trade balance between these two countries tends to favor Russia. However, mineral fuel and oil only contributes less than ten percent to the GDP.
References Government of Canada. (2012). Canada Russia Relations. Web.
Grama, Y. (2012). The Analysis of Russian Oil and Gas Reserves. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 2 (2), 82-91.
Index Mundi. (2012). Russia Economy Profile 2012. Web.
Khondaker, J. (2008). Canada’s Trade with Russia: 1998 to 2007. Canadian Trade Highlights, ISBN: 978-0-662-43652-2. Web.
Levine, R.M. (2001). The Mineral Industry of Russia. Journal of Geological Survey, 4 (1), 5-30.
Matthews, M.J. (2008). Energy competition and international relations, International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 29 (4), 371-376.
Lawson, P. (2002). An Introduction to the Russian Coal Industry. Charleston, West Virginia: Marshall Miller and Associates.
Rosner, K. (2010). Russian Coal: Europe’s New Energy Challenge. Climate
Society Ethics in Modern War Technology Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The world is moving forward, and it is currently changing from the industrial age to the age of information technology. Technology is constantly changing at a fast rate. The United States of America is the leader in technological advancement in relation to military activities. The military has seen transformations in the weaponry and machinery use.
These aspects are getting sophisticated, effective and efficient through the use of microprocessors. Good examples of these advances are smart weapons, fly by wire aircraft systems and smart ships. This improvement in technology has reduced the number of deaths and destruction common in military excursions. The military aims at attacking the right targets without endangering the lives of innocent civilians. With the current advancements in technology, this has been achieved. In fact, the United States of America has achieved some of these objectives. This has ensured that ethical conduct is followed in the battle field.
War in the common society is normally associated with deaths, killings and wanton destruction. In most cultures, killing is considered unethical (Carroll, 53). However, there are exceptions in relation to this in many parts of the world. For instance, there are societies that offer human beings as sacrifice.
Besides, a person would be given a death sentence. It is sad that war is inevitable in society. It forms part of the human life in the society. A person is quick to state that justification of a war is valid when all means of diplomacy fail between warring parties. A war is considered ethical and moral when based on legal, ethical and moral gauges.
The use of guided missile has proved to be the proverbial water shade in military technology. This has seen the evolution of war machinery at a quick pace. Ancient war techniques are no longer viable because the face of war is changing and it only favors parties with modern technology.
A good example of the evolution of war machinery involves dropping of bombs. In the World War II, about 108 bomber planes would drop 650 bombs to annihilate a single target while, in the Vietnam War, the number of bombs decreased sharply to 180 for a single target. Nowadays, it requires about three laser guided missiles to destroy a single target.
The American society views the development of smart technology as unethical because it has taken away the human element in war. Lack of human judgment in the smart weapons eliminates the mercy factor. Secondly, research required for smart weapons takes a lot of money. Besides, it requires skilled personnel to successful complete War related projects. Funds used for the above project come from taxes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At times, innocent lives of civilians are lost in the battle field. Furthermore, innocent people are subjected to suffering (Carroll, 57). In World War II, a lot of civilians died. Besides, destruction occurred in places that were not targets of the military.
This wordplay is vital in advocating for ethically right practices in relation to military activities. Virtue ethics is the trait of a moral beacon. A good example is the collateral damage reduction policies enacted by the United States of America. America has the responsibility of manufacturing precise weapons to spare civilians in the battle field. Further, this would prevent excessive use of force in the battle field.
Critics of the advanced military technology are arguing that these technologies have a dehumanizing effect in relation to war because the enemy is an image in a surveillance camera. This argument is valid, but this technology is protecting the lives of many soldiers and improving efficiency in dealing with military targets.
American military has been on the forefront in enacting the Law of Proportionality. It seeks to determine the legally acceptable level of military activity that a soldier can perform in a foreign territory. It enhances the accomplishment of military objectives. This means that, the military personnel seek to destroy strategic military targets. This legislation encompasses the ethical stand the American military is trying to adopt to make wars humane and not destructive like in the past. This also disallows inhuman practices by military personnel (Kassimeris and John, 15). Soldiers found to have violated this law are charged in a court of law.
An exception to this ethical law is when the legitimate military incursion puts the lives of civilians at risk. This situation arises due to proximity of civilians to the battle fields. In such a situation, an acceptable number of civilian casualties are tolerable. This number of casualties is to be reasonably low to check the activities of the war. This exception is the rule of double effect.
Another crucial talking point is the issue of spending large sums of money in research and acquisition of military technology while other pressing issues are ignored. This amount is exceedingly large especially when the United States of America is considered. America has been spending about $ 61.8 billion annually on research and development of military weapons and machinery.
This amount is large in relation to the money spent on developing clean energy systems. However, other sectors of the economy receive little funds for their activities. This portrays a serious fault in all the ethical arguments that the United States of America proposes.
We will write a custom Essay on Society Ethics in Modern War Technology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, governments are always finding ways of outsmarting one another. This has facilitated the shift from the era of dumb bombs to smart bombs and less human casualties in military operations. For instance, in 1945, a single target would be bombed using over 600 bombs. A reduction of this number to 180 in the Vietnam War was evident because of greater accuracy.
This trend has further been improved to a few guided missiles to destroy a similar target. Technology is still evolving, and pilotless drones have been manufactured. It aims at reducing the number of personnel involved in the battle field. It is a way of reducing human causalities in relation to wars.
All these advancements are meant to minimize risks in war. These risks encompass civilian casualties, unnecessary destruction of non-strategic targets in the war zone and injuries to the military personnel. All these advancements are good examples of the constant quest for the reduction of risks associated with war. It is hypocritical for one to create all these rules and be the largest manufacturer of weapons.
Thus, the United States needs to reduce its military activities. Besides, it should allocate a considerable amount of funds for the same. The other option is to enact regulations that would avert wars. Funds that would have been used for the same should be donated to developing countries. This would be a sign of a noble action.
Works Cited Carroll, Archie B. Business
The effect of marriage on crime rate Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
This paper endeavors to find peer reviewed journal articles, which analyze the relationship between crime rates and criminals who are single or those who have a family. A study conducted by Sampson, Laub, and Wimer (2006) aimed at evaluating whether marriage reduces crime.
These researchers argue that marriage significantly influences adult outcomes but the current information on this phenomenon is limited due to the lack of experimental evidence. According to the literature review conducted by Sampson, Laub, and Wimer (2006), it can be noted that numerous scholarly works have studied the effect of marriage on crime rate.
In their study, Sampson, Laub, and Wimer (2006) reveal that a former delinquent aged 70 and married fro 49 years, admits that if he had not met his wife, then he could be dead by now. The responded states that “If I had not met my wife at the time I did, I’d probably be dead… it changed my whole life…that is my turning point” (Sampson, Laub,
What can we learn about human nature from our relatives, the chimpanzees? Research Paper essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Lessons from Chimpanzees
Introduction Human beings represent the most evolved primates and their brains are the most developed among the mammals of the order Primate. Through millenniums of evolution, human beings have developed complex cultures and behavioral traits that characterize humans. However, primatologists have suggested that characteristics of human nature might not be limited to humans and primates such as the chimpanzee might share some of these features.
Chimpanzees are unique among the primate group since they are man’s closest living relatives. Anthropologists believe that by studying these primates, we can gain insight into human behavior. Renowned primatologists such as Frans de Waal declare that the behavior of chimpanzees can provide important clues about human nature. With this in mind, this paper will engage in an in-depth analysis of what we can learn about human nature from our relatives, the chimpanzees.
Lessons from Chimpanzees Social Life
Human social life can be informed by studying the chimpanzees. Specifically, chimpanzees demonstrate that primates thrive better in a communal setting than they do in isolation. Chimpanzees normally live in colonies, which are made up of males, females, and the young ones.
While all the members of the colony engage in activities such as foraging and hunting, to sustain themselves, the group stays together as a community. The importance of social interactions in promoting peace is highlighted by studying chimpanzees. When groups of chimpanzees exist live together, they engage in activity such as mutual grooming, which reinforces the relationships between them. Because of this reinforced relationship, a social bond is created among the members of the group.
The bond helps to promote peace and foster reconciliation when conflicts arise. In the same way, human beings are likely to coexist peacefully if they engage in activities that foster social bonds. People who engage in communal activities that strengthen social bonds are unlikely to act aggressively against each other.
Self-interest is natural and it helps in the creation of behavior that is beneficial for all. In chimpanzee communities, many animals live together and act in a cooperative manner to ensure their survival. Due to self-interest, individuals avoid engaging in behavior that would lead to the collapse of the troop.
The young ones in the groups are taken care of by their mothers and the rest of the group. Kupperman contends that the self-interest of human beings led to the formation of agreements that create constraints on various forms of harmful behavior (101). People therefore act in a cooperative manner out of self-interest.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The ability of human beings to adapt themselves to their environment can be learnt from chimpanzees. The main distinguishing factor of human beings from other primates is their ability to adapt to their environment and use tools to increase efficiency. This ability is not confined to humans and chimpanzees demonstrate their adaptively in the wild.
Chimpanzees have been observed to use stone tools to crack hard nuts and sticks to assist in the gathering of food. While this actions are very primitive compared to the ability that human beings possess, they demonstrate that it is in human nature to adapt to the environment.
Studies on chimpanzees explain the sense of property observed in humans. Of all the primates, human beings have the most complex system of ownership and succession with laws being in place to protect ownership. People have an intuitive understanding of “mine” and “your” and a series of social norms and governance structures are in place to manage the relationship that exists because of property.
However, this sense of property is not restricted to humans and other primates have at least elements of ownership (Brosnan 10). When chimpanzees encounter food that is held by another member, they show the behavior of begging or sharing of food instead of taking it by force, therefore suggesting that these primates understand the concept of ownership.
The chimpanzees show respect for objects possessed by others and they do not try to take these objects even if the possessor is smaller and unable to defend his property through force. This suggests that “respect for possession” is not a product of human culture and civilization but rather a product of nature.
Chimpanzees offer insight on the ways through which humans control each other’s behavior in the community. These primates demonstrate that ostracizing, as a way of encouraging conformity in order to increase social cohesion, is a natural concept. Ostracism, which is the practice of rejecting or excluding certain individuals, is deeply embedded in human society.
However, this practice is discouraged in modern society since it can undermine the legal system in place and promote rejection of minority groups such as gays and lesbians. However, studies on chimpanzees show that ostracism is natural and bears positive outcomes. In chimpanzee communities, social order is maintained by the habit of shunning and isolating individuals who act in a defiant manner.
We will write a custom Research Paper on What can we learn about human nature from our relatives, the chimpanzees? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ostracizing therefore plays an integral role in ensuring that the group cohesion is maintained and conforming behavior is encouraged among the members. Human beings also practice ostracism as a form of punishment for non-conforming or deviant behavior of individuals in society. Studies on the behavior of chimpanzees show that using ostracizing is an effective method of maintaining social order. Ostracizing helps to encourage conformity to group norms and therefore foster good relationships among individuals.
Development of culture has been assumed to be a strictly human function. However, primatologists demonstrate that culture exists in chimpanzee colonies. Chimpanzees that come from different geographical locations exhibit varying cultures.
As such, these primates display multiple cultural traits in the same way that human beings do. From this, we can learn that human culture is a product of nature. This should lead to an appreciation of the fact that different communities exhibit different languages, eating habits, traditions, dressing, and so on.
We can gain an understanding about the human learning process by observing how chimpanzees learn from each other and pass down behavior from the older to the younger generations. Older members of the colony show young ones how to behave and teach new skills on them.
This active teaching increases the chances of survival for the chimpanzees as the knowledge necessary for survival is acquired and used by the young ones. Learning and cognition is therefore natural for primates including human beings. From studying chimpanzees, it is evident that human beings are naturally inclined to learn from others and pass down information and knowledge from one generation to the next.
Insight into communicative patterns by human beings can be gained from observing chimpanzees. Specifically, clues about nonverbal communication can be seen from these primates.
Communication is an integral part of human life and communication has played a major role in the advancement of human civilization. In addition to the verbal communication, humans make use of gestures many non-verbal cues. Frans de Waal suggests that nonverbal communication is a natural form of communication since gestures are used by most primates (22).
War and Aggression
It has long been assumed that violence is an inherent part of human nature. This assumption has been reinforced by the many instances of war and aggression carried out by human beings for centuries. Research on chimpanzees indicates that violence might be an innate attribute of primates.
Not sure if you can write a paper on What can we learn about human nature from our relatives, the chimpanzees? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Groups of chimpanzees engage in aggressive behavior and violence against outsiders and sometimes against members of their own colony. However, these primates tend to avoid aggression and instead coexist peacefully if they can. This behavior is similar to that of humans who are prone to acts of aggression against others.
In addition to this, chimpanzees form coalitions in order to strengthen their attacks. Chimpanzees are likely to engage in coalitional aggression where a number of chimpanzees gang up to attack a common enemy. This strategy is preferred since it results in a high likelihood of winning while minimizing the costs of aggression to the individual. Human beings are also in the habit of forming coalitions with each other in order to strengthen their attack.
Another lesson on aggression from chimpanzees is that it is mostly confined to males. Frans de Waal observes that males were likely to gang up against out-group males and initiate attacks against them (80). Male aggressions are also more likely to escalate into deadly attacks. On the other hand, females are unlikely to engage in coalitional aggression and their conflicts rarely escalate to deadly levels. This is similar to human beings where men are more aggressive and play a bigger role in the proliferation of war compared to women.
Some issues of human sexuality can be learnt from observing chimpanzees. Human beings regard incest as a taboo and all societies refrain from this practice. However, there are doubts as to whether this taboo is a purely cultural product or a product of nature.
The study of chimpanzees suggests that the incest taboo is a law of nature that has permeated all cultures. Primatologists document that chimpanzees avoid incest on their own accord and young females are strongly attracted to unfamiliar males whom they seek outside their own community (Frans de Waal 22).
Some lessons on human behavior concerning sex can be learnt from chimpanzees. While chimpanzees are not monogamous, their sex life is not completely promiscuous. Frans de Waal states that the sexual intercourse among chimpanzees is subject to clearly defined rules (22).
In some cases, males are keen to demonstrate their sexual dominance and protect their sexual partners. The dominant male will chase away the other males in the colony who try to mate with his females. This can be compared to the family unity where the male guards all sexual rights and privileges in the institute.
Conclusion Chimpanzees are commonly used for comparison with humans to understand some issues on human nature. This paper has engaged in a discussion of the lessons on human nature that can be learnt from chimpanzees. It has demonstrated that there are great similarities between the social life of humans and chimpanzees.
Both perform better in communal settings and individuals cooperate with each other for mutual interest. Concepts such as respect for property and social cohesion are common in both primates. The paper has shown that violence is a part of human nature and males are the greater aggressors. The common sexual conducts have also been highlighted. Through this exploration of chimpanzee nature, the natural basis of some human behavior can be recognized.
Works Cited Brosnan, Sarah. “Property in nonhuman primates”. Origins of ownership of property. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development 132.1 (2011): 9–22. Web.
Frans de Waal, Frans. Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among Apes. NY: JHU Press, 2007. Print.
Kupperman, Joel. Theories of Human Nature. Boston: Hackett Publishing, 2010. Print.
Marketing Research Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction Introductory Paragraphs
Marketing is a crucial part of a firm, business or financial institution. It determines the number of customers using services from the entity. As a result, it determines the profits that the business entity makes per unit time. Consequently, it determines the solvency and prosperity of the whole business.
The firms, in turn, struggle to improve their marketing and advertising strategies in their system. The strategies must compete favorably with other firms that offer similar products. It must aim at adopting a strategy that leads to customers and client satisfaction. This ensures that the firms maintain their customers and gain more customers than their competitors (Kotler, 1986).
In marketing, public relation officers carry out researches which aim at getting preferences from the customers. In these researches, they collect data on the perceptions and opinions of the customers. This helps the business entities to provide new services and improve the quality of current goods and services.
Consequently, they retain their customer and attract others. The demand and profit margin rise simultaneously. This paper will focus on designing a research that aims at collecting opinions of the customers. Particularly, it will design a research on a restaurant offering fast food. Specifically, it will use McDonald’s restaurant for the research.
McDonald’s restaurant is found in USA offering fast food. It was started in the year 1940 by Maurice and Richard at San Bernardino. In 1948, the restaurant improvised a speed serving system which increased efficiency and gained more customers than earlier. The company changed administrative bodies of management severally.
In addition, it has changed the logo for a number of times due to marketing and advertisement. The restaurant operates in 119 countries around the world. In the countries, it has thirty four thousand restaurants that operate under the headquarters in Illinois. The restaurant offers sandwiches, breakfast, soft drinks and desserts. The restaurants in other countries deviate from the standard menu fitting the countries culture.
For example, china serves soup while the Indian restaurants refrain from serving beef. This is due to the religious taboos that exist in the country. They have the outdoor and indoor serving that fits the customer’s choices and decisions. Therefore, the restaurant is an all-inclusive restaurant that fits every social class.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Statement of Problem
The restaurant has grown rapidly in accordance to history. However, various criticisms have been directed to fast food. The critics target the menu, practices of business and the expansion of the business. For example, Morris group had designed leaflets which aimed at criticizing the health status of the restaurants. In 2004, a documentary called Super-Size blamed the company for increased cases of obesity.
The criticisms that revolve around fast foods have affected growth of the restaurant. For the last two years, the restaurant has been progressing in a slower pace than the previous years. This has posed a serious challenge to the overall profitability and the solvency of the company. As a result, this problem needs to be addressed with urgency.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study is to solve this financial and economic crisis existing in the restaurant. The research aims at involving the customers in improving financial status and services. It seeks to use the outside-in strategy to solve the internal challenges. In addition, the study will enable the restaurant to make additional inputs in the current menu. Lastly, it will help the management to add attractive and useful services in the restaurant. This will be fulfilled through various objectives.
Objective of the study
To understand their customers in details
To collect the relevant information pertaining to customer’s preferences
To make relevant recommendations and conclusions for improvement
In this research, we seek to understand the perceptions and opinions of the customers towards the products and services offered. As a result, we need a query that will form the basis and foundation of the research. Therefore, we might seek to know whether restaurants perceive a negative change in the quality of the products and services offered.
Do restaurants perceive declines in the quality of products and services?
This is a broad question that allows the development and design of the research. It provides sufficient space to get the opinions of the customers towards the improvements of products. It is a question which can form the methodological center of departure for the entire research.
Although there is the research question, it is essential to speculate and make predictions before the actual research. Therefore, we could assume that there is no decline in the quality of the products offered by the restaurant. However, this hypothesis cannot be tested. We cannot carry out a research for the purpose of scrutiny. Scientifically, it is called the null hypothesis.
We could assume that there is a decline in the quality of food offered in the restaurant. The hypothesis will, therefore, state that restaurants perceive declines in the quality of products and services. The hypothesis could be broken down into sub-hypotheses to state that McDonald restaurant perceives declines in the quality of services.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Marketing Research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is, also, possible to research on the hypothesis stating that restaurants rarely perceive declines in the quality of products and services. All these could form alternative hypotheses. However, there is no research that dwells on more than one hypothesis simultaneously. Therefore, this research will dwell on the alternative hypothesis about McDonald restaurant. A research can be carried out to determine the validity of this hypothesis. As a result, the research will revolve around this hypothesis.
Background Literature Review
The company has been offering products that have high calorie. The calorie products have been the target of criticism from many communities. Therefore, most customers feel that they should take food with fewer calories than the restaurant offers in the menu. Most of the current customers are aware of the dangers that the food bring to them. These dangers include obesity, high blood pressure and gaining unnecessary weight.
In addition, the restaurant does not offer bitter drinks that help in breaking down the fats they consume. The customers get cautious of this situation and prefer making food at home rather than visiting the restaurant. Employment of young staff has deterred the companies’ reputation.
The company was sued for the allegations of propagating child labor. Customers feel uncomfortable when they are served by staff members who are underage. The management has been overwhelming the staff for decreasing their efficiency during serving. Complains show dissatisfaction of service by the staff. This has been a crucial point of failure.
Definitions of terms
Qualitative analysis- This is an analysis that uses subjective reasoning on non-quantifiable data or information.
Qualitative analysis- It refers to the analysis of quantifiable data by mathematical calculations and deductions.
Sampling- Sampling refers to tactical selection of data sets from the target population
Methodology- This refers to the strategies that are used to collect records and represent data for analysis.
Instrumentation- Instrumentation focuses on the instruments used in the collection analysis of information.
The population is comprised of the customers’ visit to the restaurant for the meals. It includes customers from the 119 countries around the world in 34,000 restaurants. The total number of customers served by the restaurants is approximately sixty eight million per day. This is a huge population that makes it difficult to reach all customers. Therefore, the research cannot consider the whole population of customers. For the purpose of data collection, sampling will be carried out.
During sampling, two data sets will be considered for the collection of views. The two data sets will include customers who make regular visits and those visiting the restaurant occasionally. Regular customers visit the restaurant for three meals daily. On the other hand, occasional customers visit the restaurant for one meal only.
On this sampling, the sample is not carried out in a manner that favors a desired outcome (Strauss, 1992). Therefore, the outcomes will be credible. The sample will randomize the respondent across gender, age and origin of the customers. Therefore, it will become extremely reliable and credible.
The most crucial instrument of this research will be the questionnaires which will contain several questions aiming at understanding the perceptions of the customers. On this light, the following questions will be included in the questionnaires.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Research by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More How many times do you visit the restaurant daily?
What is your most preferred food product in this restaurant?
What is your most preferred drink in the restaurant?
What do you think is omitted in the menu?
What should we add in the menu to suite the eating habit?
How do you rate the service by the staff in this restaurant?
Does the waiting time coincide with your time management?
Does the cost of products match with their quality?
What is your opinion regarding the health of the food you take on the restaurant?
Customers will be given the questionnaires to fill when they visit the restaurant. Therefore, the questionnaire should have a few questions. This ensures that the questionnaire does not consume much of the respondents time. Otherwise, it would lead to incomplete or unreliable formation.
On this light, the questionnaires should be flexible. They should be designed in a manner that allows modification. This implies that it can be modified to include arising themes during the research. In addition, it allows the removal of any questions that are irrelevant to the study. These modifications arise during the actual research.
A Facebook and Twitter account will be opened for the research. People will be invited to like the page and make their contributions. The questions will be posted on the page and customers invited to answer the questions. This will be a technological extension for the questionnaires. It will capture the customers who are in the social networks. As a result, the number of people considered will be sufficient to make conclusions.
The children will be interviewed orally by the selected staff from the restaurant. The staffs will record the information on the questionnaire for analysis. However, the interview will be recorded using audio recorders. The audio recorders will ensure that the information that is omitted in the questionnaires is captured. Video recorders will be used where visual presentation of information is required.
For example, a child who does not know the real name of certain food will tend to point at the food. The video recorder or camera will be used to capture the information. As a result, all the information that is required for analysis will be available. Therefore, the research will be all-inclusive and reliable. Consequently, the recommendations, conclusions, and solutions derived from the research will be credible.
A suggestion box will be used for the purpose of the research. For the period of research, a small advert will be hanged beside the box. It will urge customers to drop any opinions on the box. The opinions will be incorporated in the analysis. This will widen the scope of the research.
Procedures and Time Frames
The most significant procedure of data collection will be filling in the questionnaires. The questionnaires will have the nine questions. This will take a maximum of three minutes to answer the questionnaires. The questionnaire will have a section which will seek to capture additional information and opinions from the customers. This section might take about two minutes to write and express ideas. In total, a single respondent might take five minutes to fill in the questionnaire.
The oral research for the children might take a little bit longer. Each question might take a maximum of 1 minute. On the other hand, they might take one minute to give an opinion about their experience in the hotel. A child might take a maximum of ten minutes to interview and get information that can be used for analysis.
Analysis can either be qualitative or quantitative according to the data being collected (Strauss, 1987). In this research, qualitative analysis will be used to analyze data. During the research, the collection of data and analysis will be done simultaneously. The simultaneous operations will ensure that the questionnaires are changed and altered to accommodate new themes rising during the research.
The data between the mature customers and the children will be done separately. In addition, the data between occasional customers and regular customers will be separated. This allows comparison between the two data sets. It ensures that the existing similarities are reconciled, and the differences appearing in the opinions are retained. The diversity of the opinions in those data sets makes the results reliable and credible.
Reliability and Validity of the Research
Reliability and credibility in this research cannot be ignored. The consideration of the two factors is mandatory and paramount. Violating the reliability of research makes it biased and incredible. For this reason, the research has employed various factors to ensure the validity and reliability of the results. First, sampling will be done randomly. This implies that the research is not biased or inclined to a desired outcome.
Secondly, the use of various data sets ensures that there is sufficient variation among the respondents. The variation occurs in reference to age, gender and level of regularity to the restaurant. Lastly, the use of flexible questionnaires, which allowed the incorporation of the arising themes, ensured the capture of much information. Also, it ensured that the research focused on the relevant information only. The three measures ensure full credibility, validity, and reliability of the information collected from the respondents.
Conclusions This research will be a positive step towards solving the financial crisis that is facing the restaurant of McDonald’s. It will provide the necessary information which can be used to make recommendations and conclusions. The research described every step and detail that will be followed in collecting, recording, and analyzing the data and information. Consequently, it can be described as an all-inclusive research. In fact, it will be a crucial step towards solving the challenges that have been posed to the company.
Works Cited Kotler, Philip. Principles of marketing. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1986. Print.
Strauss, Anselm L. Qualitative analysis for social scientists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Print.
Thompson, Steven K.. Sampling. New York: Wiley, 1992. Print.
Roles of a Leader Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Empowerment, Trust and Ethical Leadership
A leader has been defined as a person who has authority to influence the social behavior of other people with an aim of accomplishing common tasks or established targets1.
A good leader is one who recognizes the importance and value of other people in the organization, is ready to share information with others, has characters that are unquestioned within the organization, uses his or her good traits for the better of others, is well skilled and competent, visionary, and is ever accessible, accountable, and approachable2.
As far as creating and communicating organization vision is concerned, a leader has a very important role to play. In creating the vision, the leader should influence others to come up with possible ways that will achieve the primary goals of the organization3.
This will help the organization to come up with an inspiring practical vision that has shared values. In communicating the vision, the leader should lead by example in pursuing the change implied in the vision, demonstrate high confidence in the vision and encourage a down up approach to decision making in the organization.
Shared values are values practiced in an organization that engenders trust in the organization and encourages a good interpersonal relationship. It is a unique identity that brings out a clear difference between one organization and another. These values should incorporate both individual and corporate objectives4.
In communicating organization vision, the leader should lead the changes implied in the vision but not managing the changes. A leader should have well thought out strategies that will lead the organization to practical breakthrough, be in position to manage the organization moods, and always inform people on the progress.
To achieve all these attributes, the leader should lead by example. Leading by example is the only approach that leaders use to influence other people. Using this approach will enable the leader to practically demonstrate confidence in the vision. The confidence in the leader will convince other people to have trust in the communicated vision5.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To give a good illustration where leadership principle has both worked well and poorly, the author analyzed two Apple Inc. CEOs namely Steve Jobs and Timothy Cook. Under the leadership of Steve Jobs, Apple Inc. recorded good performance, which was reflected in the rapid growth of Apple franchise6.
Until his death, the author learned from his profile that it is important for a leader to be charismatic, flexible and posses a good sense of direction. These traits enabled him to lead the company by example and thus through his leadership, the company came up with different mobile phone models such as Xerox PARC and Apple Lisa.
On the other hand, Timothy Cook, the current CEO who replaced Jobs, has been branded more of a manager than a leader. Having analyzed his recent speeches, the author learned that he rarely embraced the shared values as was the case with his predecessor.
This has contributed to most of the current employees losing confidence in his leadership style hence reduced morale. No wonder the company has performed poorly during the first few years of his leadership. In fact, ‘Cook’ factor is one of the challenges facing the company7.
Empowerment, Trust and Ethical Leadership Empowerment is an act of building up the capacity of an individual or a group to make sustainable decisions or choices and to transform the choice or decision into desired outcomes. A key issue to empowerment is the action that builds either individual or group assets, and building up the efficiency of the institution or organization’s context that monitors the utilization of the asset.
On the other hand, trust is having confidence or reliance in the strength, integrity, ability, or surerity that through the chosen means of action, the targeted results will be achieved efficiently and effectively.
Ethical leadership refers to a leadership that respects an organization’s appropriate anddesirable morals and values subject to what the society expects from it. In a broader approach, ethics dictate the purity and intentions of an individual. It guides leaders in deteriming what is good or bad in a given scenario8.
We will write a custom Essay on Roles of a Leader specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ethical leadership encourages fainess in treatment and equality within an organization. In so doing, the organization wins employees trust and empowers them to exploit their talents and expertise in their workplaces. Although leaders expect positive impacts from empowering and trusting their employees, there are several negative impacts that they are exposed to.
Other than encouragingcreativity, job satisfaction, job loyalty and rational or idealized decision making, empowering employees has several negative impacts9.
These includes the increased arrogance attributed to a rise in confidence, serious security risks due to trust, lack of experience, and promotion of poor interpersonal relationship amongst the work force10. To explore more, below are candid illustrations of both negative and positive impacts of empowering and trusting employees.
Several researchers have conducted studies on employee empowerment in Multinational Companies (MNC). In these studies, they have pointed out that most companies, if not all, have come to recognize that employee empowerment and trust remains paramount11. This is because most organizations view it as a very important predictor to good performance.
They go ahead to reveal that the sample companies they studied had realized several benefits from employee empowerment12. These include quick decision making, employee confidence, employee loyalty, faster attainment of goals.
On the other hand, empowering and trusting their employees has led to several negative impacts. These include unethical behaviors such as theft, security breaches, and underperformance by some employees13.
Bibliography Anaejionu, R. Why empowerment of employees is becoming important in organizations. Web.
Acceptable Use Policy Essay college essay help
Acceptable Use Policy is (UAP) is a written document based on agreement between or among the users of computer in a community for a common good. They also have to promise that they will not violate those rules. This document stipulates on the use including the malpractices or unacceptable uses and the consequences for non-compliance. UAP is mostly used when one is registering intranet.
The users may include internet providers in universities, schools, businesses or corporations. However, web owners use this policy to restrict the use of their network. The owners are the website providers, network managers or large computer systems. Owners have the authority to change the policies regarding the use of the internet or intranet (Jahankhani, Ali
Muslim perceptions on Islam Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Islam: Beliefs and Practices
Five Pillars of Islam
Interpretations of the Islamic teachings across the world
Introduction Muslims are the second largest religious community in the world after the Catholics (Saenz, 2005). Even though they are racially and ethnically diverse, they have taken on to themselves various connotations and there have been various perceptions regarding how Muslims are viewed across the world.
In the same respect, it is also evident that different Muslims in different countries behave differently depending on the cultural practices surrounding them. This therefore means that they perceive the Islamic teachings differently and that the practice is not the same all Muslims. In some countries for example, it is mandatory for women to wear a veil while in other countries, this is not compulsory (Curtis, 2006).
Going by the foregoing arguments, in spite of them being deeply rooted in their faith, Muslims from different parts of the world view Islam differently. This does not however mean that their practices are dwindling; it only illustrates that faith and religion are as good as one’s beliefs and perceptions.
As such, the essay below is an attempt to analyze the teachings of Islam and thereafter, illustrate how they are interpreted and perceived by different Muslims from different countries.
Islam: Beliefs and Practices The Islamic religion is characterized by many beliefs and practices that have to be adhered to by members of this religious group. According to Saenz (2005), there are over one billion Muslims living in the European countries and in other continents like Asia and North Africa. In addition, there are approximately 40 Muslim dominated countries in the world (Saenz, 2005).
Even though the various practices of Islam are different from one country to another, nonetheless, we do have basic fundamental elements and teaching that they all look up to. The basic teachings of Islam revolve around Prophet Muhammad as the teachings were first revealed to him in the (Saenz, 2005).
Prophet Muhammad later collected these teachings that he had received and compiled them into the Holy Quran. In order to get guidance and teachings in their day- to- day lives, the Quran is a very important asset of the Muslim faithful since they rely on it as a basis for leading an Islamic way of life, according to the teachings of Allah, though Prophet Muhammad.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Besides being a prophet who role was to gather the materials in the Quran, Prophet Muhammad lived a life that was exemplary and that deserves to be emulated by all the Muslims.
Five Pillars of Islam Every Muslim is required to adhere to the Islamic teachings which require that they follow the five pillars of Islam. The first of these pillars states that every Muslim has to confess his/her faith. In this case, all Muslims supposed to declare that besides Allah, there are no other gods (Esposito, 1998). This means that the Muslims are required to declare and acknowledge the monopolistic nature of the religion.
Under the teachings of Islam, Muslims have to observe the second pillar of Islam which is prayer. In this case, they are required and instructed to pray at certain times of the day and in total, ensure that they pray at least five times a day. The sequence of the prayer guideline begins with the azan prayer which is a call for all Muslims to come together and pray.
They are then required to follow an order in the recitation and proclaiming of messages in the Quran (Esposito, 1998). This entails taking successive bows while facing towards the city of Mecca, the holy land. In addition, Muslims are also to offer an amount of tax which is the equivalent of an offering that is dedicated for the poor and the needy among the Muslim members of the society.
This particular pillar is compulsory to all Muslims, as opposed to being voluntary. The fourth pillar is observing the Holy Month of Ramadan through fasting from sunrise to sunset, based on the sayings of the lunar calendar. During this period, Muslims area also required to reflect on their lives in regards to the wealth they have attained or the health that they have been endowed with.
They are then required to look out for the less fortunate in the society (Esposito, 1998). The last pillar that the Muslim faithful are supposed to observe according to their teachings is the pillar of pilgrimage where they are required to visit the holy city of Mecca in pilgrimage at least once in their entire lifetime.
Interpretations of the Islamic teachings across the world The above teachings have however been interpreted differently by Muslims from different countries thus forming different sects in the Muslim community. This means that the practices by each sect differ vastly from those of other sects. Some of the different sects that have emerged in Islam include the Sunni and Shiite Muslims. The Sunni Muslims are the majority in the Muslim world (Armstrong, 2000).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Muslim perceptions on Islam specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, the Shia are a group of Muslims who practice a more decentralized type of Islam than the Sunni.The Sunni are of the view that it is not necessary to have one authoritarian religious leader but deem it important to rely on scholars that have been widely educated and on the profound religious texts (Denny, 2006).
With regard to the interpretation of the Quran, the Sunni are more literal in comparison with the Shia. On the other hand, the Shia rely too much on their religious leaders and view them as people that have been divinely elected by God to help them in their spiritual growth especially in the analysis of the Quran. In the same regard, their views on Islamic teachings are more authoritarian than communitarian.
In countries like the United States can be categorized as being liberal not in the sense that they do not observes the Islamic teachings but due to the fact they are entirely the type that do not need guidance or constant contact with their religious leaders in order to know what is required of them (Denny, 2006).
The same applies to other developed countries like the United Kingdom, Russia and Germany. However, in countries like Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and Nigeria, the Muslims are more intertwined with their leaders and this is reflected even in their religious practices and in their conservative nature. They tend to keenly uphold the prayer times with constant visits to the mosques for spiritual nourishment.
Another sect that has emerged in the same aspect is the Sufi’s who are deemed to be a different group of Muslims that perceive Islamic teachings in a different manner. They interpret the Islamic teachings as symbols and allegories and thus practice very mystic religious activities as compared to the latter groups (Denny, 2006).
In order to meet the qualities and characteristics that Muhammad showcased during his time, the Sufi’s have chosen to neglect their natural being by not recognizing material wealth and in order for them to be more committed on the love and meditation of God.
In a survey that was recently conducted in the Muslim community on how they view Islam and how they practice it in their lives, the results were varied especially when compared with Muslims from other countries (Saenz, 2005).
In spite of the fact that all the participants agreed on the core commitment to God, nonetheless, they differed in their level of commitment, openness to certain Islam teachings and interpretations in regards to their faith and in acceptance of the above sects as mentioned earlier. In the Middle East and the North African countries there was a very high belief in God and the prophet Muhammad followed by the Asian countries (Saenz, 2005).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Muslim perceptions on Islam by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Central Asia and sub-Saharan Africa were ranked fourth and fifth respectively with Europe being the last of the group with 85%. Through the survey, it emerged that most of the Muslims in the countries where Islam was ranked as first and second largest religion regarded it as a very important aspect of faith and by extension, their lives.
However, in the United States, Only 69% of the Muslims regarded their faith very important to them (Saenz, 2005). Nonetheless, in some nations that have only recently emerged communism like Russia, Muslims have very little concerns as regards their teachings and what their religion requires of them.
It was noted in the survey that not more than half of the Muslims in the county quoted religion as important to their lives. The same characteristic was also predominant in the Balkans. However, 67% of the Muslims who took part in the survey in Turkey stated that to them religion was very important (Saenz, 2005).
These religious differences as highlighted above were also mainly characterized by the difference in age groups with those who are older being more deeply rooted in their religion than those that are younger. It was also noted that there was gender disparity on how the Islamic faith and teachings were perceived among the different countries.
In central and south Asia, majority of the women have been quoted to have never attended a mosque. It was also noted that in countries where there is strict compliance with the Muslim teachings and laws like in Saudi Arabia , Morocco, and majority of the countries in the Middle East and northern Africa, there have been very poor statistics of women attending prayers at the mosque(Nasr, 2003).
This is especially due to the fact that the cultural norms of the people in these countries do not permit women to be liberal in certain religious activities. However, women still actively participate in the daily rituals or prayers required of them though not in the limelight as men do.
Regarding the element of holy war as a teaching in the Islamic faith, there is a very wide disparity on the level of disagreement. While majority of the Muslims in the Middle East countries and part of northern Africa are strong believers in the holy war, their counterparts in countries like the United States and the United Kingdom seem to be against it (Nasr, 2003).
They state that in most cases the holy war end up affecting innocent civilians other than those it was aimed at fighting. As such, it is not fair and rightly targeted (Curtis, 2006).
On the other hand, Muslims from Saudi Arabia and Morocco are strong advocates for the jihad war, stating that the holy war is aimed at helping to salvage the requirements of the Islamic faith. However, it is also clearly depicted that holy war is not terrorism.To most of the Muslims however, holy war is acceptable.
In contrast, Muslims from the south and central Asian countries like India are characterized by low levels of commitment to their religion in terms of the practices that they are obligated to fulfill (Bloom
Indoor Air Quality in Schools Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Causes of poor indoor air quality
Rate of schools with poor indoor air quality
Addressing the problem
Introduction Indoor air quality in schools has a significant effect on students’ health. Schools offer a key indoor environment for students away or besides their home environment since they spend over ten hours per day at school. Since students spend many hours in schools, the issue of indoor air quality is of great significance and it should be handled with care (Daisey et al., 2003).
Indoor air pollution might lead to students suffering from long and short-term health complications. Besides, it might degrade the learning environment and affect the students’ performance. A research proved that “poor indoor air quality contributes to asthma attacks, absenteeism, and more illness” (Salleh et al., 2011, p.419).
Researches done in the United States proved that good indoor air quality influences the trend of school attendance among the students. Indeed majority of the students suffer from respiratory diseases, skin and eye irritation, fatigue, sneezing, coughing, and nausea due to poor indoor air quality (Daisey et al., 2003).
This paper will focus on poor indoor air quality in schools in the United States, its causes as well as the health problems associated with poor indoor air quality.
Causes of poor indoor air quality Many factors contribute to poor indoor air quality. The factors include “poor ventilation, availability of contaminant sources like building materials, indoor temperature and humidity, and maintenance activities…the contaminants may range from particles, formaldehyde, radon, bacteria, fungi, to nitrogen oxides” (Salleh et al., 2011, p.419).
At times, the level of contaminants in indoors increases relative to the concentration outdoors. The concentration of contaminants in the indoor air may lead to the occupants experiencing a range of health symptoms and discomfort. Daisey et al. (2003) posit, “It is hard to identify the cause of discomfort due to the presence of both indoor contaminants and other indoor environmental factors” (p.62).
Generally, water damage and heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are the major causes of poor indoor air quality. Malfunctioning HVAC systems lead to accumulation of carbon dioxide and indoor air pollutants in classes subjecting the students to health problems.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More HVAC systems that do not regulate the level of humidity in the buildings might lead to growth of mold and bacteria, which cause illnesses like coughing and breathing problems.
Other causes of “poor indoor air quality include choice of the building materials, poor site selection, roof design, and improper installation among other causes” (Salleh et al., 2011, p.420). The site where a building is located contributes to indoor air quality. Schools located in regions with high humidity are prone to growth of mold if they do not have proper heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems (Godwin
Business Plan college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Executive Summary Business Identification
The name of the business to be created is Locker Laundry, which is a drop-and-go dry cleaning service venture. The concept of the business is drop off and pick up laundry storefront. However, all cleaning is sub-contracted to established dry cleaners. The company will set aside a special place where customers can drop their dirty laundry and only pick it up when clean.
The main operating system will be similar to the one used in post offices. Clients will not have a direct contact with the management. In the building that the business enterprise will be located, lockers will be located at the front where clients will drop off the laundry. The store will initially be leased while the locker rooms will be located on the front where the public can access them quickly and easily.
However, due to the relative openness of the enterprise, security for the clients’ items will be guaranteed by the use of pin-code entry. Customers who will have signed up for credit/debit payments will be registered in the computer POS, which is a personal six-digit code, which will ensure the security of the transactions since the system will only be open to the customers and the handler.
Once the customers have dropped off the dirty laundry in their respective lockers, they will then be taken for cleaning to another laundry that will be sub-contracted. After the cleaning, customers will then get the laundry in the lockers after a stated period depending on the time of delivery to the company.
Mission, Goals and Objectives
For any business to reach a point of boasting of having achieved, it must have a mission, goal, and objectives. These three requirements act as a guide to the business. The mission defines what the business is established to do not only to the benefit of the owner, but also to the employees and the public at large.
Goals are like indicators of the far the business wishes to be after a specified period in terms of achieving its set objectives. Objectives on the other hand define the key deliverables that measure the business’ achievement. All objectives need to narrow down to the business’ vision and mission statement.
The mission of the company is to provide convenient and efficient laundry services for the general population. The first goal of the company is to be the leading laundry shop in the country in a period of ten years. The company is relatively new with the idea being conceived recently.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The capital is not large enough to provide the necessary means of achieving the objective. However, with the projected opportunity and growth, the business will most likely achieve it. Another goal is to provide efficient and reliable services to the working class people at their own convenience.
Since this group of people is often too busy, the company realizes the need to create a personalized laundry system where they can do it at their own convenient time. The third goal of the company is to provide employment opportunities to the young entrepreneurs in the area.
With the large number of unemployed people around, the company hopes to employ a sizeable number when more branches are opened. The fourth goal of the company is to be a profit making institution with exponential growth over the next five years.
Keys to Success
The business incorporates a new mode of doing laundry that has not been largely exploited in the area. This presents as one of the factors that is likely to see the business succeed due to the relative absence of competition. The business will also rely on the cleaning culture in the area, as a large number of individuals prefer commercial laundry operations.
The business will also be located on a largely populous area. The market will therefore be available meaning that people can easily access it. As such, competition from other already established cleaners will be insignificant.
This section describes the history of the origins of the business with the industry being described. It will also define the ownership framework of the business by describing whether it will be a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an organization with public ownership, or other forms of ownership.
The business will operate in the service industry with the aim of providing cleaning services at an affordable and reliable rate. The dry cleaning industry in the area is dedicated towards delivery of services to the local people. It has been doing so over the last decades. The industry is driven by the reason that the people around the area are hardworking and do not let the cleaning get in their way.
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The Role of the Arctic in Increasing the Effect of Global Warming Expository Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
How climate is changing in the Arctic
Causes of warming in the Arctic
Effects of Arctic warming
Effect of Arctic warming on reflection of solar radiation
Effect of Arctic warming on ocean currents
Effect of warming on greenhouse emissions
Introduction The global climate is changing rapidly especially in the Arctic. Climatic changes in the Arctic are characterized by melting permafrost, receding glaciers, and disappearing sea ice (Singh 2008). Research scientists have revealed that these changes affect both local communities and the world because they are contributing factors towards increasing the effects of global warming.
There have been significant climate changes in the Arctic and more changes are expected in future. The changes are projected to increase the effects of global warming considerably. Global temperatures have surpassed the known natural climate degree. For example, the average temperatures of the Arctic have doubled in the recent past at a speed that is twice that of the rest of the world (Science Daily 2012).
This has contributed to the intense climate that is now experienced in the region. Changes in climatic conditions in the Arctic affect the rest of the world because they increase global warming and contribute to the rising of the sea level (Screen et al 2012). Global warming in the Arctic is mainly caused by human activities that destroy the environment.
Climate changes pose several challenges to human populations and natural ecosystems. The factors that contribute to these changes include overpopulation, rapid depletion of natural resources, and extensive pollution of air and water. The Arctic increases the effects of global warming by changing the pattern of ocean currents movement, increasing the amount of greenhouse emissions, and reducing reflection of solar energy.
How climate is changing in the Arctic Several factors provide evidence of recent cases of increased warming in the Arctic. These include rising sea levels, disappearance of sea ice, and melting of permafrost and glaciers (The Economist 2012). For example, in the western region of Canada, research has shown that winter temperatures are rising gradually and are projected to surpass summer temperatures.
Temperatures are expected to increase rapidly due to the effects of various human activities that are contributing to global warming. In the Arctic, temperatures are expected to increase at a higher rate than in other parts of the globe. In addition, sea ice is expected to continue melting.
This will result in less reflection of solar radiation thereby increasing global temperatures, which have a direct effect on global warming (Freedman 2012). There are projections that precipitation might increase by approximately 10-20% and the region covered by snow might reduce by approximately 15-20%. On the other hand, glaciers will continue to melt and decrease in size (GreenFacts 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These occurrences are projected to increase warming in the Arctic gradually. However, the rate of warming will depend on the rate of melting of sea ice and glaciers. The climate of the Arctic is influenced by many factors that include varying amounts of solar radiation, volcanic eruptions, and human activities (Goldstein 2009).
A large portion of the arctic is covered in sea ice. However, this ice is currently melting at a high rate, thus leading to reduction of the amount of sea ice. Reduction of sea ice mass leads to climate changes because it leads to changes in water temperature, changes in ocean currents, and changes in rates of evaporation (Haldar 2011).
Causes of warming in the Arctic The amount of sea ice in the Arctic has declined considerably in the past few years. If this trend continues, projections indicate that in a period of 100 years, sea ice will have disappeared completely. High rates of evaporation are leading to high rates of precipitation thus increasing the rate of warming (Hassol 2004).
In addition, decline of the amount of sea ice has led to a decline in the rate of solar energy reflection by sea ice. This has led to increased rates of solar radiation absorption by the sea surface and reduced rates of reflection by sea ice thus causing warming of the Arctic (Hassol 2004).
Effects of Arctic warming The warming of the Arctic has severe consequences on the rest of the world. Climate changes in the Arctic increase global warming through three main ways. These include interfering with the reflection of solar energy, changing pattern of flow of ocean currents, and increasing greenhouse emissions. The three mechanisms increase global warming in different ways.
Effect of Arctic warming on reflection of solar radiation One of the reasons why the Arctic is so cold is because of reflection of solar energy by sea ice and snow (Johansson 2011). Sea ice and snow are white. Therefore, they reflect solar energy back to space. Increase in air temperatures discourages presence of snow and ice. Therefore, snow and ice are formed during the close of autumn season and melt during the start of spring.
This means that a large part of land is covered by snow and ice for most part of the year. This results in warming of the land surface, which results in a “positive feedback loop” which is responsible for increase in the rate of warming (Houghton 2004). This explains why climate change is more rapid in the Arctic than in other parts of the globe.
We will write a custom Essay on The Role of the Arctic in Increasing the Effect of Global Warming specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Warming of the Arctic consequently leads to expansion of forests towards the north covering regions that currently comprise tundra (Johansson 2011). Forests are usually dense and mask the snow that is present on the ground. This reduces the rate of sunlight reflection thus increasing warming.
However, the increasing rate of warming may be moderated by the ability of forests to absorb a large amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The tundra region reflects more solar energy than forests. Therefore, replacement of tundra by forests reduces reflection of solar energy.
Reduction in reflectivity of solar energy increases global warming because more solar energy is retained on the earth surface instead of being reflected back to space (Houghton 2004). In addition, soot that covers snow and ice in the Arctic reduces their ability to reflect solar energy. Some soot is also found in the atmosphere and absorbs some solar energy thus increasing warming.
Effect of Arctic warming on ocean currents Ocean currents increase the effects of global warming significantly. The Arctic has contributed in increasing the effects of global warming by altering the pattern of ocean currents movement (Keskitalo 2012). The movement of ocean waters is one of the ways through which solar energy is deflected towards the poles.
This movement is regulated by changes in heat and salt content of water through a process known as thermopile circulation. The Gulf Stream current is responsible for most of the moisture content that forms precipitate in the northwestern regions of Europe.
Climate change in the Arctic leads to movement of freshwater to the Arctic due to reduction of sea ice and melting of glaciers (Keskitalo 2012). This slows down the process of thermopile circulation, which has adverse effects on global climate.
It facilitates the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which leads to long-lasting effects of global warming (Saddleback 2009). In addition, it causes a rise of the sea level due to high rates of thermal expansion (Lemke
Abortion as a Health Ethics Issue Term Paper custom essay help
Debates on abortion have been ongoing in every society. Recently, several people have questioned whether it is ethical for governments to legalize abortions. While others consider access to abortion as women’s rights, critics argue that abortion is always wrong and that it should be prohibited.
According to some individuals, abortion should only be permitted under certain conditions (Batchelor, 2002). This paper focuses on abortions related theories and a case study with the aim of bringing into light abortion as a health ethic issue.
According to Don Marquis, it would be morally wrong for Sarah to terminate her pregnancy. In the article Why Abortion is Immoral, Marquis asserts that abortion should only be permitted when a rape case is involved, within the first 2 weeks, and when the pregnancy has been proved to be endangering the life of the mother (Marquis, 1989).
Based on Marquis’ arguments, Sarah would be acting unethically if she terminates her pregnancy given that her fetus is 5 weeks and that it does not endanger her life. According to Marquis, abortion cases should be treated as murder cases except under the situations he outlined above.
He asserts that taking a life of a fetus is unethical just as it is morally wrong to take a life of an adult. All through his article, he argues that the killing of a fetus should be understood from analyzing the effects of death to an adult person. He believes that abortion dispossess a fetus’ valued life.
Even though the pregnancy will interfere with her studies, she should note that the fetus’ future life is more valuable than the time lost in her studies. Equally, she can continue with her studies after giving birth. Given the consequences and risks associated with abortion, it would be wrong for her to terminate her pregnancy.
Unlike Marquis, Susan Sherwin argues that every woman should be allowed to access an abortion. In this perspective, Sarah is morally correct to terminate her pregnancy. According to her, abortion issues should be treated as other issues such as inequality and other social issues that undermine the welfare of women.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She argues that fetuses should not be considered as people since they have not developed sufficiently in social affiliations. To avoid cases of abortion, Sherwin suggests that government and other relevant bodies should empower women so that they do not opt for abortion. She believes that if poverty is tackled by ensuring that women access equal employment opportunities, very few incidences of abortion would be reported.
Though fetuses are not fully developed as adults, Sherwin should note that fetuses are the foundations of our future generations. Therefore, just as we struggle to eliminate the challenges that endanger our future lives we should also struggle to tackle issues that endanger fetuses’ future lives.
From the two theories analyzed above and Kantianism, Utilitarianism, and Care Ethics theories, it is apparent that the abortion issue will remain a controversial issue both in our societies and in the healthcare contexts.
Despite the controversies, I believe that Marquis rather than Sherwin’s arguments are appropriate. Unlike Marquis, Sherwin believes that abortion should only be limited to instances where the fetus endangers the life of a mother or instances where rape cases were involved.
References Batchelor, E. (2002). Abortion, the moral issues. New York: Pilgrim Press.
Marquis, D. (1989). Why Abortion is Immoral. Journal of Philosophy, 86. (1), 183-202.
Born Red – The Chinese Cultural Revolution Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction On October 1, 1949, the recently formed People’s Republic of China encountered the main problem of securing power over an extensive mainland and executing the socialist ideas it supported. The main problem to the process of governmental and ideological restructuring of China was the hesitant ideological nature of China’s academia.
Extraordinary measures had to be adopted by the Communist government to deal with the unambiguous and covert problem of non-Marxian thinking and bourgeois principles among its brilliant and knowledgeable class.
The crusade propagated by the Communists to convert the intelligentsia was not stimulated by enthusiasm towards the previous owners of the means of production, but by the Communist pledge for a cohesive ideological front.
The actions of the learned and the Chinese administration from the start of the People’s Republic to the Hundred Flowers Bloom era in 1956 were characterized by a certain trend, which included the division among the class rather than joining hands due to counter the ideals of the Communists (Lu 20).
Many historians noted down the effects of the Chinese Communist Party, both positive and negative effects. Born Red is one of the writings that talks about the nature of life under the CCP regime. Gao Yuan gives a personal experience in this piece of writing, showing how the CCP regime affected the lives of ordinary citizens.
This paper talks about the effects of the CCP regime. The paper further analyzes the effects of Cultural Revolution on traditional culture and social institutions. In this regard, the paper reviews the impacts of the Cultural Revolution on the lives of many Chinese.
The Effects of CCP Victory on Gao’s Family
In early 1949, the general position of scholars toward the forthcoming political change was one of reticent backing. The Chinese Communists had made substantive progress in their efforts towards the subjugation of the state. The universal sense was that the serving Nationalist administration was destined to lose the Chinese Civil War.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When the learned came to the realization that the Nationalist regime they formerly backed was a misplaced government, most of them were ready to offer their support to the Communists since it was considered the lesser between the two evils.
Executive guiding principle of the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) and the Chinese administration during the epoch following the declaration of the People’s Republic of China was characterized by prudence and self-control. The Communists never wished to cause panic among citizens with ideological debate and political affairs.
The Chinese citizens at the time were more interested in tranquility and the termination of civil discord. Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong talked about the formation of a well-built state power and the financial overhaul of the state.
As Gao suggests in his book, the new policies had great impacts to the lives of many people, including his own family. Gao’s family was affected due to the policies implemented by the Chinese Communist Party (Clark 32).
The Chinese Communist Party introduced policies that brought about land reforms. The communist party had proposed these reforms in 1920, but they were implemented later in early 1950s. Those targeted were mainly the property owners since they owned huge tracts of land yet the poor languished in great poverty.
The communist party suggested that land was to be redistributed since the poor could not be left to suffer in the hands of the proprietors. Proprietors had introduced policies that ensured that peasants paid rent, which was sometimes exorbitant. The issue of landlordism has so ingrained in the Chinese society to an extent that the peasants existed at their mercy.
Mao was determined to end this type of relationship between peasants and proprietors. Gao’s family benefited from this reform since it could no longer pay rent to their proprietor. Life was better partially because the funds obtained through hard labor could be utilized in acquiring other forms of goods.
We will write a custom Essay on Born Red – The Chinese Cultural Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The reforms were conducted ruthlessly since proprietors were literary forced to surrender their land, which was then shared equally among the poor. Those who refused to surrender land were tried in the local courts and some were even executed.
Tenants who owned land without title deeds were granted land certificates showing the genuine ownership. Mao was sending a political statement implying that he was acting in the interests of the poor. Gao’s family took advantage of the land reforms to assert its position in society. It can be said that this was one of the positive effects of the Chinese Communist Party under Mao.
The Chinese Communist Party took control of the economy in 1950, forcing traders to seek the permission of the government before engaging in certain businesses. However, this policy had a tremendous effect to the family of Gao since it brought about inflation. The policy propagated corruption and misappropriation of public funds since public officials engaged in business instead of serving the people who pay them.
The party officials, as well as their allies controlled all major businesses in the country. Investors shied away since they could not operate under an economy that was controlled by a regime. The currency of the country was valueless meaning that traders encountered problems importing goods. Locally, goods lacked markets because sellers were many as compared to buyers.
At one instance, Gao explains that his brother was unable to dispose a used sweater because people were struggling to provide food for their families (Gao 14). The Grandpa advised that people could not buy the second hand sweater at a price seven times higher than the valued chain made in the medieval era.
Inflation was too high to extent of forcing Gao’s mother to resume work in order to supplement the family budget. The regime’s policies affected the life of Gao’s family in many ways. It should be noted that most of the effects were negative.
The regime was reluctant to consult the people before making policies. In other words, a totalitarian leader who cared little about the lives of people ran the government. His main aim was to disorganize the social structure in his favor. All reach individuals were weakened economically and socially, including Gao’s grandpa who was demoted as the party’s county representative.
Gao’s grandpa was respected because of his strong leadership skills. He always consulted the locals before making critical decisions that would affect. However, the communist party never tolerated consultations, but instead it demanded that all party officials subscribe to the ideas made at the top.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Born Red – The Chinese Cultural Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gao’s grandpa became the victim of the party’s ideals since he was sacked after refusing to follow the party directives. Gao’s family life changed because grandpa could now rely on the factory for critical funds to provide the basic needs. Gao claims that the earnings of the family reduced from 280 to just less than one hundred. His mother was forced to start working as a local clerk to support the family.
The Extent at Which Cultural Revolution Strengthen or Destroyed Traditional Culture and Social Institutions
Cultural Revolution was against the traditional beliefs, principles, values, and cultures. The main aim of the revolution was to restore the original Chinese culture that valued the efforts of the Chinese people. All works of art that represented foreign culture were destroyed. These included churches, temples, shrines, and beautiful gardens.
The government, while supporting the revolution, banned all foreign music and culture. Anyone found practicing foreign culture was to be subjected to the arm of law. The wife to the leader of the Chinese Communist Party, Jiang Mao, was the one responsible of destroying traditional culture. Her main aim was to ensure that any culture that existed before Cultural Revolution was destroyed.
She later became the Gang of Four that tried to seize power after the death of her husband, Mao. Cultural Revolution was used as a political tool to ensure that the power of the party leader was unchallenged. Any attempt to question the credibility of the Red Guards was interpreted to mean resistance or opposition. Leaders of the Cultural Revolution would always deal with an individual that challenged their authority.
Various social institutions such as the media, family, religion, polity, the school were interfered with seriously. Children were taught to obey the leaders and praise them always. They were forced to believe that Cultural Revolution was the strongest in the world since it catered for the interests of the poor in China.
The polity was affected because the powers of the central government were no more (Lee 28). Moreover, the economy, as an important social institution, could not operate since the revolution affected its activities. Teachers were believed to be against the leadership of the revolution. In this regard, schools and colleges were closed for a period of two years.
The Chinese Communist Party was not spared since it was unable to operate as well. All major ranks in the People’s Liberation Army were done away with since the revolution was against them. The activities of the revolution led to chaos and violence in various parts of the country. In this case, the institution of the family was affected since family members were forced to part ways to safeguard their lives.
Long-term Effects of Cultural Revolution
Cultural Revolution affected the lives of Chinese people for over ten years, even though the revolution ended in 1969. The struggles witnessed after the revolution are perceived to be some of the effects of the revolution since the antagonists based their ideas on Cultural Revolution.
The leaders of Cultural Revolution achieved their objectives after the death of Mao since all policies that he had introduced were stopped. However, the problems that the revolution brought are still felt in the modern day Chinese society. The Gang of Four was arrested after Mao’s death, but the new party leader advocated for Mao’s ideas secretly.
Cultural Revolution divided the country into reformers and non-reformers who are still struggling to acquire governmental power. In 1980, there were some developments in the party since the party leadership changed hands. China has been able to emerge as the world leading economy due to the struggles witnessed during the Cultural Revolution (Yan 89).
Works Cited Clark, Paul. The Chinese Cultural Revolution: A History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Print.
Gao, Yuan. Born Red: Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1987. Internet resource.
Lee, Hong Y. The Politics of the Chinese Cultural Revolution: A Case Study. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978. Print.
Lu, Xing. Rhetoric of the Chinese Cultural Revolution: The Impact on Chinese Thought, Culture, and Communication. Columbia, S.C: University of South Carolina Press, 2004. Print.
Yan, Jiaqi, and Gao, Gao. Turbulent Decade: A History of the Cultural Revolution. Honolulu: Univ. of Hawai’i Press, 1996. Print.
Do Air Pollution in Schools Influence Student Performance? Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
Prevalence of Poor IAQ in Schools
IAQ and Student Health
Abstract This paper set out to review the relationship between poor indoor air quality and student health. The paper begins by noting that schools are prone to indoor pollutants and thermal conditions due to the lack of proper funding for good building maintenance practices and the lack of government regulations on building IAQ standards.
By critically reviewing evidence presented by researchers in the field of indoor air, the paper demonstrates that poor indoor air has adverse impacts on the health of students. Specifically, the paper reveals that there is a direct association between poor IAQ and incidents of asthma, allergic reactions, and bacterial infections.
Evidence also links poor IAQ to long-term lung infections caused by the small particles that are prevalent in buildings with poor IAQ. Poor air conditions also lead to headaches and skin in problems by the students.
The paper concludes by asserting that parents, school administrators and policy makers should take steps to improve the IAQ in schools in order to mitigate the negative health outcomes that students face.
Introduction Indoor air (which is the air breathed within a building environment) is an acknowledged source of pollutants. For this reason, the government has established standards for most buildings to ensure that air quality is observed. However, the stringent air quality standards required for most commercial buildings are not applied to the school environment.
With few states regulating indoor school environments, this matter is left to the discretion of the school board. Indoor air quality is an important issue since students are exposed to indoor air for a majority of their time in school since they spend most time in school buildings.
Mendell and Heath (2005) document that students spend up to 90% of their days indoors thus making any effects of poor indoor air quality (IAQ) more pronounced in them. In addition to this, the bodies of the students are undergoing development, which makes them more vulnerable to environmental perils.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This paper will set out to demonstrate that poor indoor air quality (IAQ) has direct negative impacts on the health of students. To reinforce this assertion, the paper will review literature on the effects of poor IAQ in schools.
Prevalence of Poor IAQ in Schools While poor indoor environments exist in residential places and commercial buildings, schools are of particular public concern for a number of reasons. To begin with, most schools experience a shortage of funding and this leads to inadequate maintenance services (Mendell
The Irish Rock Band U2 as a Modern Critique of Religion Essay essay help
Introduction U2, the Irish Rock Band, has been under the guidance of the songster called Bono since 1980s. During most nationalized prayers particularly the February 2006 Washington, DC state mealtime payers, Bono offered a crucial speech concerning religious issues.
The affair was planned by the evangelical Christian charity and was attended by various world leaders, congress members, George Bush, and over three thousand people across the world. Before this crowd, Bono admitted that there could be something inappropriate or something deviant a propos the rock stars going to the podiums and starting to preach at the world leaders.
According to Bono sermon virtues, instead of preaching to the presidents, the rock stars should give aid to the poor Africans and the sick. With reference to the universal higher bylaws, Bono on behalf of U2 implored global elected officials to go past religion since it usually obstructs God’s ways. In fact, politicians are requested by Bono to hold the grace period that instigated with the Jubilee year, which is the new millennium.
The speeches offered by Bono during most mealtime prayers have made fanatics as well as the popular press associates to label Bono as the Messiah of Roll and Rock. Whereas since 1980s this songster has been infusing opinionated and theological teachings in the U2 lyrics, Bono transformed songs discourses into persistent political actions (Lofton, 2006).
In fact, Bono united with Pope Paul John 2 together with others in the waive debt drive. The songster invoked the Jubilee period as noted in the customs of Leviticus when most arrears were waived devoid of penalties. Songster, as a manager of DATA, spiritual and U2 pop group organizer has habitually been rising to the arena to sermonize to elected official and states heads.
The procedures and promotion schemes used by the songster are akin to those utilized by the present-day American renaissance evangelists that scholars idealized. Similar to Billy and Moody, who are the United States of America evangelical complements, the songster travelled the universe to urge the developed nations to waive the arrears poor nations owe them.
Bono via advocating for the Africans debt waiving fuses the revival strands and the American roll and rock in the politics of religion. The backing of the inclusive politics by the songster serves as an image of what various sociological practitioners dubbed the internationalization of dogmas.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, to take part in the modern world politics, Casanova claims that social artists should accept the modernity commands that accrue from the desire. This is particularly factual for the religious conviction according to Casanova.
In fact, Bono asserts that, just the religions that have included as their personal enlightenment religion critique, the central aspects affecting poor nations stand a chance of playing the optimistic responsibilities in advancing the realistic rationalization progression (Lealand, 1994).
Bono and the U2 Irish Band act as religious brokers and the negation techniques used to advocate for the African debt waiving materialize to be religious. The data foundation, which is a poor state construction venture initiated by the songster in support of U2 pop group is both a wholeheartedly spiritual observer as well as an indisputably material undertaking.
Advocating for poor nations basically demonstrates what Asad Talal tentatively argued concerning the secular conception claiming that the practice can hardly happen devoid of the religious notion (Lofton, 2006). Through advocating for the poor African nations, the U2 Irish band songster preaches the secularized soteriology.
This emerges to be the communal fiscal and spiritual prescription for deliverance unrestrained by the religious organizations. Whilst committed to the saintly behaviors as mature and material activism which incorporates the undertakings of creed, the U2 pop group has upheld the West overall diplomatic status with eschatological prospects and gospel sparkles.
This paper illustrates the Irish Rock band U2 as a critique of modern religion. The salvation messages asserted by Bono as Max Weber indebted are incorporated in the paper.
For instance, by linking the personal deliverance soteriology lyrics to the opinionated direction on what poor nations ought to undertake to be salvated, the analysis of Bono and U2 band works in this paper symbolizes the three features of Max Weber soteriology hypothetical accounts. The first section claims that social agents may not receive deliverance or salvation devoid a rational global reflection offered by the prevailing humanity.
We will write a custom Essay on The Irish Rock Band U2 as a Modern Critique of Religion specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Part two utilizes Marxist designs on simplified conceptions or the humankind theodicy to elucidate the Almighty’s folklore. The last section asserts what Max Weber claimed that some theodicy sufferings instigate from the deliverance hope.
The Irish Rock Band U2 and global politicians The songster and U2 pop group move athwart capital avenues to pastoral mountains, athwart ecological milieus, chronological architects, gaps, and era, to the Western nations from Ireland. Bono in this lyrical image depicts the true American image that is tangled up. In fact, U2 and Bono snatched a limelight intended to shine the blue-sky bullet that darkened the stage.
Throughout the lyrics, Bono and U2 band lament about the capitalism evils, but through highlighting and advocating against the capitalists ideas, Bono shades light across the board. Bono blames Americans for ignoring the African AIDS disaster through hoarding wealth (Finney, 2003).
The U2 band praised the Beastie Boys, the UN representatives, and Bill Clinton for the humanitarian responsibilities assumed, though Bono requested them to give out additional aid to the developing nations and fund research studies conducted on AIDS.
Bono manages to blend the political convictions with religious renderings by calling on the Americans religious commitment. The devout backwoods for the songster could be developed nations and U2 pop group perceives America as a terrain of opinionated leeway and pious assurances. When compared to the bands political messages, the divine passion of Bono are somehow unstructured (Trachtenberg, 2008).
Throughout Bono’s speaking engagements, concert performances, and references lyrics, Bono portrays the bands religious thoughts. During public religious politics performances, the Irish Rock Band U2 undertakes the communal theologians’ responsibilities.
Despite his liking of America, Bono and U2 band claim that American has been consuming various poor nations. In fact, America is Bono and the U2 band pulpit, but the songster tells the graduating populace that in the Ten Commandments given to Moses by God, loving thy neighbors’ residing in the universal villages is convenient. Thus, Bono calls upon developed nations to waive the debts given to the third world nations.
The Irish Rock Band U2 in ‘pop’, the most non-judgmental album, claims that not everything can be reached, grubbed, nor forced, and they cannot be religiously grabbed given they can hardly be connected to love. Bono and U2 avows that just the passion for can help in rattling the Iron cage. In the popular lyrical song, ‘Blue-sky-bullet’, the songster is correlated to the Israel’s holy bible fantasy.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Irish Rock Band U2 as a Modern Critique of Religion by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In fact, the unfolding in first book of the bible emphasizes that Israel clashed with the Almighty’s correspondent in the darkness (Lealand, 1994). Acting as Jacob, the Irish Rock Band U2 under the guidance of Bono emblematically tussled with the U.S. and the Almighty.
Actually, Bono has a clear understanding of the Americans and the Almighty and claims that both ought to be conquered. According to Bono and the U2, the United State of America acts as the prospective envoy for the Almighty kindness, or Deity’s loveliness that should be emulated in the America’s capacity to waive debts.
Resembling the Almighty’s representative in the holy bible, the Western nations possess the supremacy to surname, classify general countries, and bestow commands. Therefore, via DATA, the Irish Rock Band U2 and Bono have frequently been recognizing such commands held by the U.S., and they call upon America to offer support for the people of God.
As a matter of fact, Bono and U2 demands for grace having been jerked by the Americans during the day (Lofton, 2006). Using the Almighty as the reference point, Bono and U2 has been requesting for the new fangled pledge of equality at the financial possibilities frame.
Conquering religious conviction
While the Irish Rock Band U2 toured Vertigo, the songster, Bono, wore a diadem during most stage performances. The headband had numerous symbols portraying the pictures of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Some of the symbols included the Cross-, the David’s Star, and a Crescent written within the ‘Coexist’ phrase.
Also dubbed as the ‘Rock Messiah Bandana’, Bono diadem was sometimes reserved for special occasions. For instance, Bono wore the headband all through the ‘Else, or Peace and Love’ concerts while reserved it for some melodies such as ‘could there be the primary communion moment?
A song sung for Miss Sarajevo, and ‘do we spare instances to go to the synagogue?’ or ‘do people have occasions spared to visit the exquisiteness emperor facing God, Mecca? In concluding, Bono and U2 ask whether there special moments meant for the shared principles and fighting for rights of fellow citizens (Lealand, 1994).
When performing the ‘Blue-Sky Bullet’, Bono slipped the so called the messiah crown to cover his eyeballs and consequently knelt downward while putting his arms on the skull. Most people referred the activities as all of us belong to father Abraham’s descendants.
However, after the sermon, Bono and U2 band explained the diadem importance to the fanatics by naming every sign whilst delivering in rhythm. The symbols denoted Muhammad, Jew, and Jesus all of whom are children of God and Abraham’s sons (Lofton, 2006).
With the occurrence of the September 11 2001 terrorists’ attack of the world trade center, Bono blamed the incidence as a spiritual transcendence. During the Vertigo tour, U2 band under Bono control delivered various religious messages but in all cases, the messages seemed packaged, reproduced and proffered in a restructured approach.
Whilst delivering the messages, the U2 band could alter the lyrical contents yet maintaining the methods utilized. Under chock-full sports ground that stymied the faint illumination, the songster utilized torches to burnish the arena. Furthermore, Bono tore the messiah crown and invited the elected officials who attended the show but remained sited in the luxurious boxes (Trachtenberg, 2008).
While entertaining the guests and fans, the Irish Rock U2 members and Bono ran about the heart fashioned podium. Despite emerging, as the modus operandi of the lyrical concerts, the techniques applied by Bono and the U2 band resembled the contemporary revitalization methods initiated and idealized by the American evangelists of the 19th century.
The Second Great Awakening between the fiscal 1780’s and 1830’s is denoted by the Finney revivals as claimed by Mathews. The creation of a mutual world experience by establishing several analogous local institutions enables the revivals to geologically consolidate discrete groups of persons into a national body. The utmost achievement of the awakening was the American democratization of Christianity.
Through church according to Hatch Nathan, revival brought to individuals self-determination, independence, and democratic standards. Accompanied with gospel music, the flames of religious ecstasy were fanned into popular culture by the ministers during that time (Lofton, 2006). As a result, Nathan correlated the opinionated efforts of the songster to the Western nations’ revivalist spiritual vocation
Bono’s application has comparable net special effects to those of American revivalist as it echoes their revival drudgery. In fact, the principles of Second Great Awakening that was distributed gets support from Bono’s talking engagements, preaching concerts, and working with DATA.
Besides, Bono’s rhetorical tropes, antics in concert, conversation policies, and distribution methods are comparable to other later evangelists (Lealand, 1994). For instance while in United Kingdom Bono said, ‘Provide you’re already converted, you don’t need me preaching at you.
Though I must say I take pleasure in it addressing the conference of Labour Party. The songster possesses his own techniques of conversion just like other philosophers including Finney. Bono’s conversion strategies would leave a fresh revival with a scorching and gentle love for enemies, relations, and friends souls.
Political conversion enabled Bono to convert Helms Jesse who was for a lengthy period served with a staunch conservatism as a Senator in North Carolina. In reality, after personally meeting Bono and moving to tear in the U2 concert, Helm turned into a resilient fighter against African AIDS (Lofton, 2006).
Finney tempted alteration and atonement to the listeners planning to make them surrender their lives to the Deity. Comparable to Finney, Bono established a parallel kind of dispensationalist zeal in working for the radical apprehension of biblical Jubilee.
The religious signs and messages conveyed by Bono in mystical concerts are similar to those of revivalist such as Moody Dwight approaches. In their revivals, Dwight Moody and others included gospel singing. Otherwise, in the course of his nomadic tours, Dwight was often escorted by Sankey Ira who was a song frontrunner. In fact, these nomadic tours initially covered Great Britain and thereafter all over US.
Sankey worked on ‘Moody and Sankey Hymn book’ that was his own songbook in this trip. This was the best ever published worshipping script according to the journalist of New York Times who was present at the concert in the fiscal 1875 (Lofton, 2006).
Actually an individual can sing the verses in this song just after a single audible range. It is possible as its lyrics are affirmative in character, filled with gospel, simple, and the melodies express the purpose they are lined up for.
Even though a number of U2 songs are simple and straight forward, not all of them are entirely positive. Indeed, certain volumes recorded by Harlem gospel choir that is, ‘I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For’ or the ‘Pride’ a version bestowed to King Martin Luther Junior as an anthem were like gospel.
During the performance alongside Bono, the whole spectators could as well sing and only a few individuals could dispute this. The songster materializes to be dirt free claiming that U2 pop group lyrics vocalizes deity besides claiming that honor and adoration songs are secondary but undeviating progenies of inspired religious account (Finney, 2003).
On the contrary, the songster accentuates whilst dialoguing the biblical conception premise as a godly of expected manifestation asserting that U2 pop group lyrics have their unambiguous affirmations about deity. Normally, various shows portrayed the songster like a roll and rock star in one given that Bono recurrently offered binary guiding tasks involving evangelists as well as religious melody favorite.
The sustained efforts to overcome religion mark the utmost remarkable similarities amid American revivalists and Bono. Otherwise, Bono operated on rhetorical and musical ways and means. In the fiscal 2006 mealtime plea, the songster uttered the band’s commotion that faith is repetitively obstructing Almighty.
Learnt examples from developing in the hands of Catholic females along with Protestant dads in Ireland proffer the songster’s analysis on Bono struggle with religious conviction. U2 pop group’s Irish frameworks advanced its stance in regard to structured creed at particular theaters.
Nonetheless, U2 pop group begged off to be part of the Irish scuffle amid Catholic devotees and churches full of Protestants. Thus, Bono’s evangelical mood relates to his strength of character of working separate form religious organizations (Lealand, 1994).
U2 pop group was fundamentally drawn in dynamically in the Almighty’s evangelical huddles bar for Clayton. This involvement was so committal that it emerged to be a band’s issue. At a particular moment, an argument of whether to take on Christian pursuit more explicitly or to remain in rock ‘n’ roll ascended between Edge, Junior, Mullen Larry, and Bono.
Obviously they chose to continue in the rock ‘n’ roll. In fact, such resolutions hardly ended the patent evangelical craze. Within the Messiah roll and rock lyrics, U2 pop group asserts that creed have repetitively thrilled some pious stars.
Moreover, what additionally makes the songster analogous to the western sacred revivalists is the prominence on private affinity to the heavenly figures and this makes the leader the correct pious model for sanctity (Finney, 2003). U2 pop group proffered an oration on personage devotion significance over directorial reparation identical to the revivalists.
U2 pop group equally disapprove quite the reverse of the ecclesiastics that gawk through the orbits in the Protestants’ approaches. The libretto offered by Sunday Billy, ‘conviction in Almighty rescues beings, not devotion in worship places’ echoed the mistrust of U2 on structured creed.
For all intents and purposes Jesus I the only way according to Billy. In contrary, it is the responsibility of everybody to seek individual faith for the soul and that Jesus is his way according to Bono. U2 band asserts that the position for deliverance is dutiful personage and hardly the cathedral institutes hence designing the soteriological remedies to emerge material.
Through the office charisma but not the specific person, Eucharist is made sacred as actual manifestation (Trachtenberg, 2008). For this reason, through the apostolic series ministers possess power due to their rapport with the ecclesiastical. This makes Bono to go for an individual select over the obligation of the organization by objecting the authority of church pastors.
U2 pop group skillfully prepared a say ‘Approved, we might crack bucks and lilac proviso churches exist for us’ in the band’s Achtung child lyrics in the acrobatic folder. Nonetheless, the appraisals of Finney that beings are gratis decent instruments are hearkened via U2 pop group’s rhythmical doggedness on special fortitude, personage autonomy, or the incomparability of character authorization.
Comparable to Jones Sam, Bono’s attitude as regards the Eucharist unusually look similar (Lofton, 2006). Jones supposedly inquired ‘things that ought to be carried out to receive salvation in the resurgence oration. Jones could inform people to obtain the reparation of the Almighty’s evening meal.
Sam moreover answered that, this is one of the sacraments of the ecclesiastical of God. Jones moreover assumed that he spotted the manner in which individuals could expire and be mislaid, keep consuming the divine spiritual union, and groups that could repeatedly consume sacraments.
Based on Jones claims, priestly atonement can hardly reject a character from being mislaid in the vulnerability of anguish inferno but moderate devotion in the charm of Almighty could shield superstars. U2 pop group might hardly distribute the analysis of Jones that freedom is simply emancipation from aberrant battles yet not lyrics.
Nonetheless, U2 pop group tries to allocate such judgment on the rebuff of reparation recovery in evangelism. The messages of Bono give an impression of secularized soteriology due to rejection of sacramental salvation and his emphasis on the moral freedom of individuals (Finney, 2003).
Definitely, Bono has given a sermon on the message of personal salvation devoid of the intercession from house of worship just like Sam and Finney the American revivalists did. Bono has as well by means of employing the revival techniques to mete out this message of salvation.
Internationalization and developing nations The Irish Rock Band U2 and Bono consistently requested for the well-being Africa and other poor nations. For instance, Bono in the Blue-Sky Bullet lyrics touched on the dark America sides although not every homily lingered on such points. However, other songs sung by this band praise America for being positive and responsible.
For instance, Bono uncovered various wrongdoings although the U2 band rapidly recovered the evildoers with God’s grace. In the Irish Rock Band U2 album named ‘Everything that can hardly be left behind’, Bono was somehow very frank and positive.
Lyrics specifically the ‘fine-looking moments’, ‘refinement’ and ‘serenity on globe’ were drawn on by U2 pop group and Bono to reveal the leeway and soul compromises. Whereas Bono used the ‘peace on earth’ lyrics often as his utopian plea and prayer, the songster’s moral mantra was the ‘grace’ song.
Conclusion The Irish Rock band U2 is amongst the major critiques of modern religion. The salvation messages asserted by Bono are some of the tactics used by the U2 band to make most leaders not just to pursue their dreams, but to ensure that such leaders take part in helping the poor nations who are their neighbors. Bono justifies the need to help neighbors by quoting some phrases from the biblical teachings.
Bono and U2 band linked personal deliverance soteriology lyrics to the opinionated direction on what poor nations ought to undertake to be salvated. Bono and U2 band claim that social agents may not receive deliverance or salvation devoid a rational global reflection offered by the prevailing humanity.
Moreover, the U2 pop group uses Max’s imageries on restructured conceptions or the intact humanity theodicy to enlighten the liberators’ folklore. In conclusion, the U 2 pop group asserts what Max alleges that various theodicy miseries initiates from the relief anticipation.
References Finney, C. (2003). A revival is not a miracle: In a documentary history of religion in America to 1877. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Co.
Lealand, G. (1994). American popular culture and emerging nationalism in New Zealand. National Forum: The Phi Kappa Phi Journal, 74(4), 34-7.
Lofton, K. (2006). Practicing Oprah or the prescriptive compulsion of a spiritual capitalism. The Journal of Popular Culture, 39(4), 599–622.
Lofton, K. (2006). The preacher paradigm: Promotional biographies and the modern-made evangelist. Religion and American Culture, 16 (1), 95-123.
Trachtenberg, M. (2008). Bono: Rock star activist. Berkeley Heights, New Jersey: Enslow Publishers, Inc.
Key Global Warming Issues Expository Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Need to Address the Subject of Global Warming
Global Warming: Differing Viewpoints
Introduction The subject of the truth behind global warming remains controversial. While opponents of the subject have declared it a myth that has no scientific basis, proponents of it have given their stand based on facts that global warming is indeed a scientific fact that needs to be addressed to people. As the paper reveals, this claim seems valid based on the things that people need to be aware of as far as global warming is concerned.
The Need to Address the Subject of Global Warming There is a need for the world to know the mystery behind the rising temperatures. As of the end of 19th century, there has been an increase in the normal temperature of the atmosphere of the globe and the oceans. The cause is believed to be global warming. Scientists are certain that the cause of global warming is mainly human activities.
Therefore, the world needs to know the activities that bring the rise so that they can be reduced or curbed. According to Wong (2007), “at least 20 scientific associations and all science academies in addition to all the national science academies of the G8 states have proven that the average air temperature of the earth increased by 0.56-0.92 degrees from its surface, 100 years ago”.
Issar (2010) suggests that climatic changes pose a dangerous impact to the individuals who have settled and or live next to the shores of the oceans and those who already face problems of famine, flooding, and poverty.
Further conclusions from the IPCC show that between 1990 and 2100, the temperatures of the earth will most probably increase by 1.1 to 6.4 degrees with a temperature range because of the utilization of fluctuating situations of fluctuating degrees of climate responsiveness.
There is also need to address the contributions of global warming to nature, for instance, the rising in sea levels and alternations in the quantity and pattern of rainfall. Additionally, there may be extra frequent and strong weather conditions ranging from stronger hurricanes, tsunamis, and thunderstorms.
According to Gupta (2005), negative effects caused by global warming have also been witnessed in the “yields of agriculture, for instance, species exterminations, glacier retreat, the rise of diseases and decreased summer watercourse flows” (25).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The raised levels of carbon dioxide and other conservatory gases discharged by the smoldering of remnant fuels, deforestation, and other behavior undertaken by people are the key contributors of poor farm yields and hence poverty. Therefore, the world needs to be taught or given equipment that have limited carbon dioxide emissions.
A number of researchers wonder whether there could anything good that could be associated or expected from global warming. However, as mentioned by Farrar (2008), many of them agree that, even if positive effects are witnessed, the negative effects will seriously outweigh them.
The anticipated changes in climate because of global warming comprise the possibility to seriously and permanently alter the climate, which will have permanent negative impacts on virtually every living thing.
Global Warming: Differing Viewpoints It is crucial to bring on board the views of those who view global warming as a myth that need not to be addressed. According to them, global warming is a myth based on credible scientific facts. For instance, in his book Global Warming: Opposing Viewpoints, James Haley argues that one of the skeptics of global warming (Fred Singer) believes that the world should not pay attention to concerns of global warming.
According him, “global warming is not scientifically credible and not worth paying attention to” (Haley, 2001, p.57). Singer is inclined to the perspective that media, politicians, and governmental agencies overemphasize the subject of global warming in the effort to advance their own individualistic gains.
In this extent, Singer treats global warming issues as propaganda. On the other hand, experts working in the US department of energy argue that global warming is an imaginary issue that governments need not to focus on or take any stance measure, as proponents of global warming do, through enactment of policies to minimize greenhouse gas emissions (Haley, 2001, p.10).
The experts further argue the cost of remedying the problems of greenhouse gas emissions now would be the same in the next coming 20 years. Therefore, according to them, global warming has no share in problems of greenhouse emissions and hence a myth.
We will write a custom Essay on Key Global Warming Issues specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Therefore, unless these key global warming issues are addressed, the world will keep on engaging in their day-to-day activities. They will suffer the consequences of activities with no information on how they link with global warming. Once they are aware of global warming, decisive measures will be put to practice especially errors that are under human control and hence a secure present and future.
Reference List Farrar, A. (2008). Global Warming. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub.
Gupta, R. (2005). Encyclopedia of Environment. New Delhi, India: Atlantic Publishers
Southwest Airlines Case Study custom essay help
Background information Southwest Airlines operates in the US airline industry as a passenger carrier having been incorporated in 1967. Since its inception, the firm has been focused at profit maximization. Consequently, it has integrated expansion as one of its strategic management practices in its quest to stimulate high growth rate.
By 31st December 2011, the airline operated in 72 US cities and transported approximately 106 million passengers. Its average annual revenue at the beginning of 2012 amounted to $15 billion. The firm’s adoption and continued sustenance of the low cost structure has enabled it to sustain its success (Hawkins, Misra, and Tang 3).
Mission statement: Southwest Airline intends to offer its customers the highest level of customer service, which will result to the creation of a friendly and warm environment. Southwest Airline holds that such an environment will result in development of individual pride and enhanced company spirit.
Southwest airline is committed towards the creation of a conducive and stable work environment that provides all employees with an equal opportunity for personal growth and learning. The firm encourages its employees to be creative and innovative in its quest to attain high effectiveness and efficiency in its operation.
In the quest to attain a high level of employee retention and public image, the airline is focused at ensuring that its customers are treated with respect and caring attitude(Hawkins, Misra, and Tang 3)..
Analysis of the external business environment Porters’ five forces
Rivalry: Currently, the US airline industry is characterized by intense competition and a high degree of volatility. Additionally, the industry is extremely technology and capital intensive, heavily regulated, and taxed hence reducing the profit margins of domestic firms.
Over the past decade, firms in the industry have experienced a conundrum emanating from the increment in cost of operation. Rise in the cost of fuel is one of the major challenges that the firms have faced in the past. From 2000, the cost of fuel has risen with over 300% hence making it a challenge for firms to operate (Hawkins, Misra, and Tang 12).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Threat of entry: Despite the rise in cost of fuel, Southwest Airline is grappling with a high degree of industry concentration. The concentration has emanated from an influx in the number of new entrants. Deregulation Act of 1978 has provided a window for foreign companies to venture into the industry.
Minimal differentiation in the industry is another major hurdle that Southwest Airline is currently facing. Price has become the main market variable that firms in the industry are hedging their competitiveness against in their operations.
Therefore, firms in the industry are continuously experiencing a significant reduction in their profit margins. However, the threat of entry is currently minimal due to the high startup and operational cost and the intense competition from incumbents. New entrants into the industry usually fail while those that survival will take a considerable duration to position themselves as credible competitors (Hawkins, Misra, and Tang 13).
Threat of substitute: Over the past decade, the industry has been experiencing an increment in the number of substitute due to the development of alternative means of transport such as car, train, and bus (Hitt, Ireland, and Hoskisson 65).
Most individuals prefer these means of transport when travelling for a short distance, which is a major challenge for Southwest Airline as it focuses on short hauls. Emergence of intercity railroads also presents a major threat to the firm’s future survival. The high cost of fuel and an increment in baggage fees in the US airline industry are pushing consumers to train transportation hence making it a viable substitute.
The pressure on the US government to upgrade the country’s rail system and develop high-speed rails is a major threat that Southwest Airlines will have to deal with in the future. In a bid to counter the threat of substitute, Southwest Airline has integrated an effective reservation system that makes customers to prefer the firm as their travel alternative (Hawkins, Misra, and Tang 14).
Supplier power: The primary sources of supplier bargaining power in the airline industry include labor, jet-fuel, and aircrafts (Hawkins, Misra, and Tang 15). Over the past few years, jet-fuel has become a major source of supplier bargaining power in the US industry. However, Southwest Airlines has effectively addressed the threat of high supplier power by adopting a hedging strategy.
We will write a custom Case Study on Southwest Airlines specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This adequately shields the firm from experiencing enormous swing in its operating expenses (Carter, Rogers, and Simkins 3). Aircraft manufacturers have a relatively high bargaining power, which emanates from a high switching cost. The main aircraft manufacturers, which include Airbus and Boeing, can increase the price.
In its operation, Southwest Airline solely procures aircrafts from Boeing, and it might be affected in the future in the event of Boeing increasing the price of its airplanes (Hawkins, Misra, and Tang 14). Labor costs also form a significant proportion of supplier power.
The US airline industry has experienced an increment in the number of unions seeking for premium wages over the recent years. However, this trend is changing constantly due to increased bankruptcies in the industry.
Consequently, most airline companies are cancelling their pension plans hence diminishing the threat of supplier bargaining power. Additionally, firms in the industry are reviewing their employee compensation policies.
Buyer power: the buyer power in the US airline industry is minimal. The low bargaining power has emanated from the prevailing price wars amongst industry players in the quest to remain competitive. Consequently, buyers are unable to push the price down.
SWOT analysis Strengths
Incorporation of point-to-point route strategy has provided the firm with flexibility with regard to selecting the most profitable routes.
The firm mainly relies on secondary airports located in major cities thus resulting into improved on-time reliability.
Short turnaround duration enable the firm to utilize its aircrafts optimally.
Effective customer relations leading to high level of customer satisfaction
Integration of strong marketing campaign hence leading to improved customer reputation
The firm’s rapid growth presents a major challenge with regard to sustenance of its reliability in offering services. The firm’s on-time performance has continuously dwindled. In 2011, its on-time performance in Alaska increased to 88.2% from 87.6% in 2011 and 81.3% in 2010 (Stevens Para. 3). The acquisition of AirTran in 2011 is likely to worsen the situation.
The firm also faces a challenge emanating from increasing its fleet by incorporating 88 Boeing 717s. The firm did not have such type of planes.
The firm’s acquisition of AirTran presents a unique opportunity for the firm to grow by increasing the number its routes and venturing into new markets.
The firm can improve its customer base by integrating internet technology such as WiFi. This will attract customers.
In 2013, Southwest Airline started to offer customers onboard. With live television and satellite-enabled WiFi Internet technology through its contract with Row 44 (“FierceWireless” Para. 1)
The firm is experiencing intense competition from other major industry players such as EasyJet and Jetblue. If the firm does not focus on improving its competitiveness, it might experience a reduction in its growth.
The firm is also facing a major threat emanating from increment in cases of terrorism.
Increase in the cost of operation if not addressed may result in a decline in the firm’s level of profitability. The firm is currently facing a major threat emanating from the fuel price volatility.
Changes in the legal environment for example institution of environmental sustainability rules and regulations may limit the firm’s ability to compete with regard to price.
Occurrence of another economic recession such as the one that occurred in 2008 may adversely affect the firm’s operation
Conclusion From the above analysis, it is evident that Southwest Airline is facing a dynamic business environment. The competitive nature of the US airline industry is a major challenge that the firm has to deal with in its operations. Therefore, to sustain its growth, Southwest Airlines will be required to formulate and implement effective business and corporate level strategies.
This move will enable the firm to sustain its competitive advantage. Additionally, the firm’s management team will also be required to deal with external challenges such as rise in oil prices, economic recessions, and terrorism, which are some of the major challenges facing the industry.
Works Cited Carter, David, Daniel Rogers, and Betty Simkins. “Hedging and value in the US airline industry.” Journal of Applied Corporate Finance18.4 (2006): 1-33.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Southwest Airlines by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More FierceWireless: Southwest Airlines and Row 44 announce milestones in WiFi partnership 2013. Web.
Hawkins, Owen, Rahul Misra, and Hao Tang 2012. Southwest Airline Company. PDF file. Web.
Hitt, Michael, Duane Ireland, and Robert Hoskisson. Strategic management: Concepts and Cases: Competitiveness and globalization, Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2007. Print.
Stevens, Suzanne. Alaska, Southwest Airlines rank high in quality, 2012. Web.
2009: The airline ventures into new domestic routes by unveiling the Boston Logan, Reno/Tahoe and Denver routes.
2010: The airline decides to increase its fleet size by incorporating the Boeing 737-800.
2011: Acquisition of AirTran Airlines.
2012: The airline company enters into a deal with Row 44 for the firm to offer baseball and football games to customers onboard through WiFi.
2013: Completion of satellite enabled WiFi internet technology and live-TV on 400 Southwest Aircrafts.
Kotter’s 8-Step Approach Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Kotter’s 8-Step Approach
Introduction The business sector has undergone tremendous changes due to the emergence of new technologies and the globalization effect. Change management is therefore very essential in ensuring that companies maintain professionalism and a competitive advantage over its competitors.
Companies can only become effective through proper planning when implementing organizational change (Silverman, 1996). Internal and external changes are very necessary when a company wants to improve its present and future state. A company can only remain relevant in a competitive market by involving all the stakeholders in the change process (Silverman, 1996).
Companies should always have a realistic plan regardless of the scope of changes it intents to undertake. Organizational change managers have a difficult task of convincing everyone within the organization to embrace change. The change process should involve specialists for a comprehensive execution of all the change projects (Silverman, 1996).
The external and internal forces that drive change should be detected as early as possible for a company to benefit from the available opportunities and at the same time control impending market threats.
This paper will highlight the use of Kotter’s 8-step approach in implementing organizational change in companies like Microsoft Corporation. Effective implementation of organizational change is essential in the present and future success of an organization.
Company Overview Microsoft Corporation is a multinational company in America that designs and sells computer software. The company’s headquarters are stationed in Redmond, Washington and is among the best companies in the world when it comes to manufacturing and licensing of computer products and services (Hill, 2007). The company was founded in April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and his long-term friend known as Paul Allen.
Microsoft enjoys high revenues because of its reputation in software making. Microsoft has continued to dominate the software market since mid-1980s. Microsoft Windows and MS-DOS are among the most popular operating systems from Microsoft (Hill, 2007).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company has been involved in a number of corporate acquisitions as a way of diversifying its business. In addition to operating systems, the company has created quite a number of application products such as Microsoft Office, video games and other digital products (Hill, 2007).
Microsoft has undergone tremendous expansion since it was founded with the company having up to five product divisions by 2010 (Hill, 2007). Microsoft is a publicly traded company under the leadership of a board of directors whose members are elected during the annual general meeting by the company shareholders.
In addition to the board of directors, the company has five committees within the board that carry out specific functions within the company (Hill, 2007). Microsoft Corporation went public for the first time in 1986 when it launched its initial public offering but offered a dividend for the first time in 2003. The company has been sued several times because of its use of unfair business tactics that extinguish competition.
Microsoft believes in creating unique features that meet customer needs. The value of Microsoft’s assets is approximately $ 41 billion with a corporate bond of $ 2.25 billion (Hill, 2007). The year 2011 was not good for Microsoft because its quarterly profits went down. The decline in revenues was brought about low sales in personal computer sales and Microsoft’s Online Services Division.
The emergence of Apple Inc. and some costly acquisitions are among the reasons why Microsoft has been incurring losses in the last two years (Hill, 2007). The decision by Microsoft to acquire an advertising company known as aQuantive in 2007 was the beginning of Microsoft’s financial woes because the acquired company had a lot of problems.
Diagnosis Despite the tremendous success that Microsoft has enjoyed over the years, the company has its fare share of challenges. The value of Microsoft’s stock has been slipping since 2004 because there is stiff competition from other industry players such as Linux, Apple and Google (Hill, 2007).
New versions of application software such as Office and Windows have recorded small amount of sales in the last five years and this has reduced the company’s revenues.
We will write a custom Essay on Kotter’s 8-Step Approach specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A thorough diagnosis of Microsoft shows some of the areas that need to undergo organizational change for the company to recover from the current crisis (Hill, 2007). To begin with, Microsoft is a company that needs to have a business model that promotes innovation. Microsoft has a huge bureaucracy that has continued to hamper innovation at the company.
Innovation teams should be given the power to work on their products from the beginning to the end without interference and in-fighting. Microsoft does not have a clear definition of what the company does and this has left some customers very confused (Hill, 2007).
Every product and service is associated with Microsoft is branded by Windows and Office which makes the company appear as if it does not have any kind of diversity. The monopoly tag makes it difficult for Microsoft to reclaim the support of its customers. The company should adopt a strategy where each product or service has its own unique brand (Hill, 2007).
Microsoft as a company no longer exhibits the innovation spark it used to have even with the development of the Surface tablet (Hill, 2007). The company is no longer a market leader when it comes to innovation and has been surpassed by companies such as Apple Inc. and Google.
As a company that has been in existence for quite some time, people should always be waiting for Microsoft’s next innovation. Microsoft is not coming up with new concepts to encourage hardware manufacturers to continue using the company’s software. Microsoft’s CEO Steve Ballmer spends most of his time engaging in meaningless verbal wars with Apple rather than focusing on improving the quality of Microsoft’s products.
Microsoft Corporation lacks a visionary leader who can pick up from where Bill Gates left it after resigning from the position of the company’s Chief Executive Officer (Hill, 2007).
Most of Microsoft’s products are not compatible and therefore makes it difficult to install more than one of its products on the same personal computer due to bloat problems. Microsoft underestimated its competitors and that is the reason why the company’s fortunes have been dwindling in recent years (Hill, 2007).
Kotter’s 8-Step Approach Kotter’s 8-step change model is one of the best approaches when it comes to the successful implementation of organizational change (Kotter, 1996). A company such as Microsoft needs to introduce organizational change for it to remain relevant in the software market. The process of introducing organizational change is not always an easy one regardless of whether the changes are small-scale or large-scale.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Kotter’s 8-Step Approach by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kotter was a change expert whose eight-step change process is regarded as one of the best in leading and managing organizational change (Kotter, 1996). The first step in Kotter’s approach is to create a sense of urgency by making sure that all the stakeholders within the organization understand the need for change.
Urgency can be created when leaders take the initiative of having honest discussions with everyone about the threats and opportunities that the company faces (Kotter, 1996). According to Kotter, 75 percent of a company’s top leadership should agree with the concept of organizational change for the process to be successful.
It is also important for a company to prepare well for the change process to avoid further loses. A company like Microsoft is in bad state and therefore its leaders should show some urgency when it comes to changing certain aspects of their business (Kotter, 1996).
The second step of Kotter’s model involves forming a coalition of change within the organization (Kotter, 1996). All the key people in the organization must be involved in the change process through strong and effective leadership. The coalition of change should involve influential leaders within the organization to continue creating the sense of urgency needed for change.
Team building is also done during the second step to bring out the best from the leaders in the change coalition (Kotter, 1996). It is always important for change leaders to work as a team. A change coalition should include members from different departments within the organization to demonstrate inclusiveness (Kotter, 1996).
All the weak areas within the change process should be identified and corrected as soon as possible before the process of implementing organizational change begins.
The third step in Kotter’s approach of change implementation encourages change leaders to come up with a clear vision for change (Kotter, 1996). All the ideas generated by members of the change coalition should be harmonized to come with an overall vision that all the stakeholders within the organization can be able to understand.
A change leader should ensure that all the people involved in change implementation have a clear vision of what the company is trying to achieve. Organizational change should be guided by specific values that the company intents to promote (Kotter, 1996).
The change coalition should then come up with a strategy that will help it to convert its vision into actual change. Every member in the change coalition should be upbeat about change for them to inspire the rest of the people.
The fourth step is for the leaders to communicate their vision for change to other members of the organization (Kotter, 1996). The success of an organization depends on what the leaders do with their vision. The change message should be communicated on a regular basis and powerfully until the moment when all the activities done within the organization reflect its vision.
The managers should be able to make important decisions based on the company’s vision (Kotter, 1996). Every person within the organization should be reminded about the company’s vision on a daily basis so that the vision sticks in everyone’s minds. At this stage, the change leaders should address all the fears and anxieties that some members may be having concerning change.
The change vision should be applied in all the operations in the organization especially those regarding training and performance (Kotter, 1996). The most important thing is for the leaders in the coalition to show a good example to the rest of the people on all the issues regarding organizational change. The fifth step in Kotter’s approach involves the removal of the change obstacles from the way.
The obstacles may be those people who are resisting change or the old structures and processes. The change leaders should put new structures and processes in place and eliminate all the change barriers (Kotter, 1996).
The management can encourage employees to participate in the change process by rewarding those who have been exemplary in promoting change within the organization. At this stage, it is also necessary to hire people with the ability to foster change. The change leaders should encourage those resisting change and help them understand the need for change (Kotter, 1996).
The sixth step in Kotter’s model of implementing change is to create short-term wins that can motivate the staff (Kotter, 1996). The staff should see the immediate results of change to erase any kind of negative thoughts from their minds. All the stakeholders should experience the fruits of change as soon as possible for it to be justified. Critics of change can only be silenced when the organization enjoys a taste of victory.
This can only be achieved through the creation of short-term goals which are achievable. Change leaders should work hard to ensure that all the short-term goals are achieved within the required time. The short-term projects should be accomplished without the help of the change critics as a way of challenging them.
Change leaders should also avoid expensive projects during the initial stages of change implementation in order to effectively justify all the initial investments (Kotter, 1996).
The change initiative can be messed up if the first goal fails. It is therefore important to critically analyze targets to determine whether they can be reached or not. The people who help the leadership to reach the change targets should constantly be rewarded as an appreciation of their efforts to promote change (Kotter, 1996).
The seventh step in Kottler’s approach is to build on the change that has already been achieved during the initial stages (Kotter, 1996). Change leaders should not make the mistake of declaring victory before the entire process is complete. According to Kotter, change projects are likely to fail if change leaders become complacent after initial victories.
Change is a long-term process that requires patience and determination until all the projects are accomplished (Kotter, 1996). Initial victories should only serve as a platform for accomplishing other projects. Change is a gradual process and any victory should be a learning experience for all the people involved in the change process.
The change momentum should be maintained through continuous improvement on all the areas that have a weakness. Change agents should be recruited where necessary to bring in fresh ideas that can facilitate change (Kotter, 1996). The eighth and final step of Kotter’s model of change implementation is anchoring the changes in corporate culture.
All the aspects of the organization should reflect all the values brought about by change. Change should be part of the organizational culture and should remain sustainable even if the change leaders leave the company.
Conclusion Organizations whose performance is not impressive should adopt organizational change as a means of revival. The approach used to implement change determines how successful the change process will be. Kotter’s eight-step approach is among the most effective models of implementing change.
A company like Microsoft that is not performing well at the moment needs to implement some changes in its functions and operations for it to bounce back.
The company needs some radical changes to be able to compete with companies like Apple. Microsoft needs to adopt some changes when it comes to innovation and marketing in order to regain its former glory. Kotter’s model is the most suitable for a multinational company like Microsoft.
References Hill, C. (2007). Strategic management: An integrated approach. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
Kotter, J. (1996). Leading change. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies.
Siverman, D. (1996). Facilitating organizational change. New York, NY: University Press of America.
Importance of employee motivation Case Study best essay help: best essay help
Spray diagram The diagram is used to represent various aspects of employee motivation as applied by J.D Wetherspoon Company. Key central word focuses on “Wetherspoon employee motivation” and is addressed using various theories and practical aspects. The following diagram is used for the purposes of providing better understanding on various aspects applied by the company which makes their employees work with such vigor.
Such ideas and the concepts as expressed are categorized according to importance within areas of critical challenges. As shown various aspects are branched to their specific sections focusing on one idea at a time, hence allowing for creativity (Fogler and LeBlanc, 2008).
In most instances employees are considers as vital elements within any organization. The nature of their efforts largely determines extent of success an organization can achieve. This can be explained from various perspectives which incorporates technological aspects, nature of competition, nature of work force within the organization as well as economic set-up within the market place.
Employee contributions lead to overall development of organizations. Ata the same time, for the purposes of sustainable competitive advantage, employees should be motivated based on their nature of input within the company.
Description of what is meant by motivation, and why does it matter to have a motivated workforce
Employee motivation is a concept used to describe actions and status of employees within defined work boundaries. It is always important for management to apply appropriate strategies capable of making employees to be self-driven towards excellent work performance which far much exceeds management standards.
Therefore, employee motivation based on status determines the extent to which management succeeds. However, the degree of motivation varies depending on competing ideas and type of rewards derived from various jobs which can either bring extrinsic or intrinsic rewards.
Intrinsic rewards are associated with the level of satisfaction obtained from performing the work itself. Such aspects entail learning of valuable skills as well as the feeling of being successful amongst other satisfaction levels. At the same time, extrinsic rewards are associated with processes involved in performing the work which at times are indirectly considered.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Such rewards entail financial compensation amongst other benefits such as health insurance. Having motivated workforce may lead to constant flow of creative ideas from employees. Such aspects on motivation drive away fear from employees’ hence encouraging creativity and innovation.
Pushing power to create down the ranks within an organization enables empowerment of employees hence granting them capability of using their ideas to improve defined product or service as well as their jobs. Such power to create leads to employee motivation and ultimately benefits organization, assisting in the creation of more flexible work force and at the same time increases exchange of ideas and information amongst employees within various departments (Gerhart and Milkovich,1990).
Providing motivation based on monetary incentive might involve sharing of company’s profits with employees. Such action gives incentives to employees enabling them to produce quality products.
At the same time, it enables unleashing of quality services, hence leading to overall improvement on processes within the company. Motivation aspects also assist in generation of cost savings and at the same time reduces rate of absenteeism amongst employees. However, monetary motivation works effectively in conjunction with other non-monetary incentives (Gerhart and Milkovich,1990).
Analysis of Management’s practices and motivational policies, assessment of theories applied by the firm and their effectiveness using examples from the case
J D Wetherspoon as described in the case study, owns and operates a number of pubs across United Kingdom. The company’s provisions are based on quality food and drink at affordable prices. They also focus on recruiting well trained employees with friendly attitude towards customers. The management offers customers conducive environment capable of promoting free conversion amongst individuals.
The current status of the company can be attributed to availability of qualified, friendly and motivated staff capable of providing high standard customer services. Management of Wetherspoon encourages employees to contribute their ideas through challenging existing company practices. Such open culture encourages employees hence motivating them towards identifying best practices within their various jobs in the organization.
In terms of communication various departments within Wetherspoon are encouraged to suggest appropriate ways through which services can be improved. This includes improvement in kind of food offered, kind of products appropriate for promotion amongst others. Waiters and waitresses are endowed with such responsibility since they interact with customers on daily basis. This makes them encouraged to communicate various ideas for improvement to line managers. At the same time there are frequent meetings held after every two weeks.
We will write a custom Case Study on Importance of employee motivation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The meetings are usually attended by individuals from every department and category of employment and involve detailed decision making on operational and strategic plans. Inclusion of employees in the decision making process has contributed towards high level of employee commitment. The company believes on open approach towards management based on high level belief and understanding of human motivation.
Consequently, Wetherspoon encourages employees’ self-esteem by giving them valued and recognized job descriptions. The company also considers cognitive needs by providing individual employees with high level skills and knowledge enabling them to climb up the hierarchy ladder within same organization. This is in line with Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs which divides human needs into higher and lower-levels.
At the same time the company uses high pay rates compared to that of their competitors. This is considered a likely motivator towards employees’ commitment since they are paid more than the minimum required. However, some theorists provide the idea that financial benefit has less to do with the motivation in employees rather than design of the job position itself. One of the most appropriate tools of motivation within such scenario is extrinsic motivation.
This is since Wetherspoon employees are considered as professional within hospitality industry hence intrinsically may feel no more room for exploration within other sectors calling for need on external factors enabling performance for satisfaction.
Provision of external factors always ensures that employees develop an attitude of performance towards their duties. This ensures that they diligently prove their worth for such high payment rates. Consequently when such conditions are met they will strive for self satisfaction within their various duties of which intrinsic factors will be part of them.
Assess the role of power within organizations, communication, active listening and conflict management on employee performance and motivation (300)
Active listening is considered as one of the most important aspects required for active conducting of business. The level of listening skills within an organization determines the process of problem solving and interpersonal skills amongst frontline and top management. Poor listening skills majorly results into loss of time and revenue and at the same time affects smooth operations within organizations. Additionally, poor listening skills may result into poor inter- or intra-departmental communications.
Active listening and communication usually contributes towards positive outcome within various company departments. Several benefits are associated with active listening which includes; increased level of productivity, reduced conflict with customers, improvement in teamwork and morale amongst employees.
Conflict management is considered an important phenomenon within organizational behavior. Conflicts can be intra-, inter-organizational and have the potential of structurally affecting normal operations within organization. Conflicts occur in various forms which include vertical conflicts, horizontal conflict as well as role conflict.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Importance of employee motivation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Vertical conflict involves hierarchical levels where command is received from senior to junior employee while horizontal conflict is experienced between employees within same rank. This can be due to reasons such as differences in ideas, decisions on resource distribution. Role conflicts usually arise due to misconception of the assignment given to employees at particular moments.
Communications play a crucial role in increasing understanding and reducing risks in the process of discharging organizational duties. Communication is used in solving conflicts based on various functions such as familiarization with employees within the organization. It also contributes towards development of consistent relationship based on individual social reality.
Benefits of applying the systems approach to running an organization and assess the extent to which and how this approach is applied at Wetherspoon
Wetherspoon Company considers to a larger extent improvement on physical aspects within all its pubs around UK. Such attributes includes focusing wages increments, excellent working environment as well as job security. Various employee needs are considered essential for the purposes of boosting morale amongst the staff. Such aspects are extended to encompass other needs including secondary needs (Schultz
The United States in the Aftermath of 1860-1870’s Civil War Report (Assessment) college admission essay help
The United States in the aftermath of 1860-1870’s American Civil War In order to reconstruct the United States in the aftermath of 1860-1870’s American Civil War, an analysis that would take a holistic approach addressing the root causes of the war ought to have been scrutinized. Following the events preceding the war several factors can be seen to have staked a claim in stimulating the same.
Among them include efforts fronted by the Northern states to make a Union (United States), and concerted efforts geared towards ending slavery typified by the southern states otherwise ‘confederacy’ that was threatening secession.
Basically, the core of the war has a bearing on the slavery which built a rift between the two factions (the Northern Union and the Southern Confederacy). Thus, in order to reconstruct the United States then abolishment of slavery in the entire states would have been a rational way to commence from (Foner 53).
In order to implement the reconstruction process, both the Democrats and the Republicans in the congress ought to have pulled strings towards one direction. Vitally, the Southern whites ought to have been given civic education demonizing slavery as an ‘evil’ practice. This would have ensured an end to slavery that threatened to tear apart the US.
In the aftermath of American Civil War, the US had remained divided momentarily into two factions following the declaration of Emancipation Proclamation issued by the then president, Lincoln. As such, segregation within social, economic and governmental institutions was popular.
To this end, the institutions that needed change in the wake of reconstruction included churches which were segregated along different ideologies regarding slavery, industrialization had to trickle down the South to discourage slavery, judicial system needed change and, republican form of government had to be implemented to the southern states (Jones 45).
The Western states The Western states depicted a war-torn region contested by both the Union forces and the Southern Confederacy. The economic activities of these states are skewed towards cotton farming. As such, as a farmer ready to settle in this area upon visiting a departmental store I would purchase farm inputs since agriculture forms the backbone of this economy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, since this region is unstable politically then the main challenge in transporting these items by road would be interference by wars that happen occasionally between the antagonistic groups. To conclude the transaction, the payment through a cheque would be the safest mode, and given a chance I would purchase an arm for defensive purposes (Jone 13).
Nativism Plainly put, nativism means an opposing stand taken by the inhabitants against immigrants whom are believed to be the reason for diluted cultural values. Basically, nativism is common in many countries owing to different nationalism, religion and cultural identities.
In the ancient America, the aftermath of nativism which resulted in warfare and forced assimilation led to the extinction of Indians by the European immigrants. Basically, nativism in America was typified by anti-European, anti-Catholic, anti-German and anti-Chinese movements.
In recent history, nativism still had a role to play in preserving or modifying natives’ cultural values. That was mostly evident along religious lines. For instant, in the early 21st century, the president of France, Nicolas Sarkozy, was opposed to Hijab wearing by French female but Muslim students in class.
Also, some cultural values of Africans are still intact hitherto long after European colonization. This includes polygamy among others (Deloria and Salisbury 23)
Works Cited Deloria, Philip and Salisbury Neal. A companion to American Indian history. Logan: Utah State UP, 2004. Print.
Foner, Eric. Politics and Ideology in the Age of the Civil War. Boston: Allyn, 1980. Print.
We will write a custom Assessment on The United States in the Aftermath of 1860-1870’s Civil War specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Jones, Howard. Abraham Lincoln and a New Birth of Freedom: The Union and Slavery in the Diplomacy of the Civil War. Denver: MacMurray, 1999. Print.
Strengthening Todays Soldiers through Positive Psychology and Resiliency Factors Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Abstract
Positive Psychology Defined
Positive Psychology and resilience
Applying Positive Psychology and resilience to the Military
Abstract The media has been constantly focusing on the cognitive impairments as well as on the mental health conditions which affect a large number of military officers participating in wars. Positive psychology and resilience play a very major role in assisting soldiers as well as their families from war to cope up with their situation.
Positive psychology serves to improve the mental state of the soldiers as well as their families after they have gone through stress. Resilience is applicable in enabling soldiers to recover from the stress they go through during and after the war. Programs have been set up in this regard, in order to assist soldiers.
These two concepts are very much similar. There is need to put in place more programs that promote these in order to continue strengthening the soldiers as more wars are expected in the future.
Introduction The media has been increasingly focusing on the cognitive impairments as well as on the mental health conditions which affect a large number of military officers participating in wars. A larger number of soldiers do not come back home from wars having the “invisible wounds” (Tanielian
Philosophy essay help online free
The idea of psychological archetypes has an important connection with the portrayal of mythology. This concept is mainly in agreement with Joseph Campbell’s suggestions of mythology in regard to the hero archetype. Campbell claims that the power of mythology lies in the fact that myths reflect realistic and valid archetypes.
Since the ancient time, myths have been the main way of explaining battles, major life events and people’s behavior. There is always a hero in such stories or myths, who faces a struggle that acts as the basis of the story’s plot.
With a lot of strength, talent, as well as admiration, the hero upholds the most precious thing to the audience, heroism. However, as time goes, the role of the hero remains indistinguishable from any other character (Mitchell 1).
A myth about Gilgamesh describes the main hero as a person that beholds different heroic characteristics seen in many stories. At the beginning of the myth, Gilgamesh decides to conquer the jungle’s beast, Humbaba. Gilgamesh sets this goal for himself. Every hero must set a certain aim.
Otherwise, there would be nothing to accomplish or tell in a myth. After Gilgamesh defeats the Humbaba, he loses Enkidu, his best friend, which is a great loss and challenge to any hero. In his mourning, Gilgamesh goes through a transformation making him appear like Enkidu.
The hero appears in tatters and puts on animal skins. This makes Gilgamesh the opposite to Enkidu. Civilization influences the appearance of Enkidu like that of Gilgamesh. In this case, the hero becomes more savage. Changing appearance is a way of keeping Enkidu alive by appearing like him (Mitchell 11).
Gilgamesh finds it hard to believe Enkidu is dead and is in denial of the idea of his death. However, after seeing a worm coming out of Enkidu’s body, Gilgamesh accepts the fact that his friend is no more alive. He realizes that he is not immortal.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This makes Gilgamesh seek a way to cheat death. Gilgamesh chooses to look for Utnapishtin, thus he goes to Mashu. He encounters lions on his way and seeks the protection of Sin. These adventures are presented as a dream and actual encounters. In some cases, Gilgamesh is scared even though it is not clear whom the hero faces (Mitchell 1).
As Gilgamesh reaches Mashu, at the mountain’s entrance, he walks into darkness. This is a common feature in most heroic myths. Gilgamesh faces a terrifying encounter as he meets Hunbaba. This proves Gilgamesh’s heroism.
As a hero, Gilgamesh must go through this experience alone. The whole place is dark, and Gilgamesh can see neither front nor behind. Gilgamesh cannot escape his solitude. Literally, there is nowhere for Gilgamesh to go. There is also nobody to turn to for assistance. In the literal sense, the darkness symbolizes Gilgamesh’s solitude.
After challenging Hunbaba, Gilgamesh arrives at the other part of the mountain. He enters beautiful gardens filled with brightly colored flowers and fruits. Gilgamesh can see the sea beyond the garden. Gilgamesh is now in a new world. The passage through darkness symbolizes the process of birth. Gilgamesh’s emergence in the new world symbolizes his rebirth.
In his mourning for Enkidu, Gilgamesh is actually seeking to have his own salvation. Even though Gilgamesh believes these problems can be solved by immortality, he discovers that there are different forms of salvation.
Joseph Campbell suggests that the power of mythology is that myths are reflection of psychologically realistic and valid archetypes. The heroes’ behavior in the myth is similar to the stereotype human conduct. Just as seen in the case of Gilgamesh, every hero goes through various stages of progression.
These include the hero being introduced to the ordinary world, being called for adventure, being reluctant at first and then being encouraged by a wise man or a woman. After Gilgamesh goes through the first threshold, he faces various tests as well as meets friends ready to help him.
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Arts Education: Music, Dance and Theatre Expository Essay college application essay help
Definitions What is Art?
Scholarly work indicates that art originated from the time man learnt to paint in caves, dance around the fire, decorate and narrate stories (Laban, 2006). In its broad sense, art comprises of three important elements. These are Music, Dance and Theatre.
Therefore, a distinct definition of art does not exist in scholarly world, but it is agreed that art is actually a concept that embraces all human activities and allows people to exchange information, ideas and to express themselves.
In fact, art is a concept that allows people to connect with space and time, body and spirit, emotions and intellect and event and experiences. By passing information from one generation to another, art plays an important role in offering interpretations for new as well as familiar ideas (Fazenda, 2002).
It provides people with their own way of perceiving their world, own habits and state of thinking. Finally, art is a concept that defines the culture, traditions and values of a given society or group of people within a given society.
What is music?
Although a specific definition of music does not exist, it is agreed that music itself is a form of art that involves arrangement of tones in an orderly manner or sequence in order to achieve a continuous or unified composition of tones, which conveys some meaning.
However, music conveys different meanings depending on differences between groups of people. Music has the following characteristics – pitch, rhythm, timbre, texture and dynamics. Music is created for the purpose of entertaining, communication and expression.
What is dance?
According to Laban (2006), dance is a part of arts that involves body movements in a rhythmic manner, often following the rhythms of a given piece of music. In fact, dance is a form of expression and communication. Dance in a given culture has the role of providing a means of emotional expression, interaction and connection between the people with their past, their culture, future and their spiritual world.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is theatre?
Theatre is a form of arts with an emphasis on performance, where live performers present the information to be conveyed to the viewers. The event presented on the stage might be real or imaginary, but communicates experience through a combination of other forms of arts such as dance, music and narration.
National standards for arts National standards for music
The National Standard for Arts Education has established a set of guidelines for teaching music in elementary schools. First, it emphasizes the singing alone (and with others) as a varied repertoire of music. Secondly, it compels using musical instruments when performing.
Here, it requires that the learners use these instruments individually and in a group as another repertoire of music education. In addition, it requires improvising of variations, melodies and accompaniments. Finally, it requires students to participate actively in reading as well as notating music.
National standards for dance
Dance has seven standards as developed by the national standards for arts. First, it singles out the identification and demonstration of elements and skills of movement while performing. Secondly, it requires the students to understand the principles, processes as well as structures of choreography.
Thirdly, it puts emphasis on teaching the students to appreciate dance as a way of adding meaning to communication. It further emphasizes the application and demonstration of critical as well as creative thinking skills when performing dance. The sixth standard requires establishing the connection between dance and healthy living. Finally, there must be connection between dance and other fields of study.
National standards for Theatre
The first standard puts emphasis on script writing through improvising refined scripts based on imagination, history, literature and heritage. The second standard emphasizes acting by developing and communicating characters that must also be sustained.
Scholarly application of teaching skills in art In teaching visual and performance arts, it is very important to put emphasis on the subject matter.
We will write a custom Essay on Arts Education: Music, Dance and Theatre specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Example 1: In Arts
According to Campbel (2005), student’s ability to acquire knowledge in music education is dependent on their ability to know the specific subject. The teacher ought to ask himself or herself one major question “what is the connection between the specific task and the content being studied? Here, the teacher must consider the connection between the subject matter and nature (Gelineau, 2004).
Example 2: In Music
According to Ratey (2001), student’s ability to grasp things in class relies on how frequently a given topic is repeated. Rauscher at al (2004) confirms that repetition is critical to teaching music.
Specific academic skill: students will be able to comprehend the topic in folk music “Miss Susie”. They will be able to identify the role of “telephones” and “telephone” operators in their society.
Example 3: In dance
Moreover, Moser and McKay (2005) argue that the students’ ability to develop interest in arts depends on how frequently they take practical sessions. It is crucial to know how the subject area relates to the real life as well as life-long learning. It is important that the students attend art classes and learn well what they are taught there. They need to understand how important such knowledge is in their life and future career.
Specific academic skill: in the dance “Ring Around the Rosie”, the students will learn the impact of death in human lives. They will learn how people in old times cremated their dead ones. Here, they will connect with the idea of life and death.
Example 4: In theatre
In theatre arts, the audience is an important factor. According to Moser and McKay (2005), it is critical for the students to learn how to determine the type and nature of the audience in order for the performance to be successful.
The main purpose of performing is to ensure the message is communicated to the audience. As such, the students must understand the audience in front of them and learn to attract and hold the attention of the audience.
Specific learning skills: In the children Theatre “”Little Red Riding Hood”, the students will be able to learn the need to be cautious when dealing with strangers. They will be able to identify the “good” the “ill” of the society. By acting the theatre, the students will be able to connect their emotions, actions and body signs with the imaginary tale.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Arts Education: Music, Dance and Theatre by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Campbell, P. S. (2005). Teaching Music Globally. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Fazenda, M. J. (2002). Between the pictorial and the expression of ideas: the plastic arts and literature in the dance of Paula Massano.
Gelineau, R. P. (2004). Integrating the arts across the elementary school curriculum. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
Laban, R. V. (2006). The language of movement: a guidebook to choreutics. Boston: Plays.
Corporate Social Responsibility Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Recycling resources and environmental conservation
Introduction Environmental conservation is the new trend that organizations are taking as their corporate social responsibility. Corporate social responsibility is a method which organizations use to be self regulating to prevent the firm from adversely affecting the environment or the society which they are operating. It ensures that the firm obeys the law, maintains ethical standards and has a positive impact on the society. Many multinational firms have taken up this to ensure that their activities do not harm the environment (Harding, 2012).
Panasonic is the firm I will focus on because of its many initiatives in maintaining the environment. Panasonic is a leading producer of electronic devices around the world having begun its operations in 1918. The firm has branches around the world producing electrical appliances and semiconductors.
Panasonic is placed fifth in terms of production of its electronics. It is ranked ninth in terms of environmental conservation among its rivals around the world. This ranking was done by Green peace guide to greener electronics organization. This is a ranking of electronic manufacturers who have policies and practices that are aimed at reducing impact on climate. It shows the firms which produce green products that make their operations sustainable to the environment.
Panasonic is one of the firms that produce green products. These products have a good life cycle and have a reduced quantity of polyvinyl chloride plastic in them. Its products especially TVs are energy efficient and consume lower than the level of energy conservation needed (Kun-min Zhango 2008).
In their plan to reduce the green house effects of the manufacture of its products Panasonic has come up with various initiatives. These initiatives are presented as corporate social responsibilities by the firm. Panasonic has developed an environmental strategy that will see it achieve the goals it.
The strategies cover ways to reduce Carbon dioxide emissions, recycling resources and proper manufacturing processes. The main policy is recycling oriented manufacturing. This has an impact of making a lasting effect on the environment and is in line with the laws that were developed in the world forums on environment. Many competitors also implement policies that are environmental friendly (Harding, 2012).
Recycling resources and environmental conservation The firm has ensured production of products that have zero emission levels. These products have an efficient energy performance. These two factors reduce the energy consumed. The firm ensures that there is energy recreation and storage. The products being developed are eco-conscious and offer all ways of conserving energy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One strategy that Panasonic has adopted is the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions both in its products and when manufacturing the products. This is in line with the world set standard of reducing green house gasses emissions by 50% by the year 2050. This strategy has been set for attainment by 2018. Panasonic will have been able to reduce emission of green house gasses in its manufacturing activities and in the use of its products.
The main way that the firm has adopted is to recycle the resources. Recycling ensures reduction in dumping of electronic waste in many countries. There is increased exploitation of resources around the world in the many manufacturing branches of the firm. The increased exploitation deteriorates the environment. When getting the resources there is a lot of emission of green house gasses.
The aim by Panasonic is to reduce the exploitation by recycling the existing resources. The exploitation of minerals and natural resources will lead to depletion of the resources on the earth. Panasonic began an initiative to recycle these resources to prevent depletion. The firm benefits from the initiatives by reducing costs of materials (Kun-min Zhango 2008).
The strategy is to develop a Recycling oriented manufacturing concept. Under this strategy Panasonic has managed to minimize the amount of resources used and maximize the recycled resources. This is also in line with the zero waste emissions policy that Panasonic has adopted. The firm has been making the products smaller in order to reduce the amount of resources used.
The firm has also adopted the use of modern technologies in order to collect more materials to recycle and effectively use these recycled materials. They have reduced the amount of wastes at the factories by recycling. The waste sent to damps is reduced to almost zero due to this. The firm also offers the recycled materials to the members of the society who engage in manufacture of products that can use these resources.
The main aim of the recycling oriented manufacturing is to ensure reduction of total resources used and promote recycling. The firm recycles iron and other metals, plastic, papers, cardboards and wooden materials. The firm has put measures in place to ensure that their system is effective. They have control mechanisms that establish how effective the recycling and resource reduction process is.
In the year 2012 the firm developed a full factory that manufactures all it products firm recycled parts. The entire Panasonic manufacturing entity is set to make a transition to full recycled resource use. This will help Panasonic attain its zero waste emission policy in line with the global standards (Kun-min Zhango 2008).
We will write a custom Essay on Corporate Social Responsibility specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Panasonic has taken an initiative to ensure the spread of environmental conservation activities by the stakeholders. This is an initiative that has seen the firm participate in activities that educate the stakeholders on environmental conservation. They educate the stakeholders on their activities that they are doing to conserve the environment in an easy manner.
The main stakeholders who they collaborate with are the suppliers in the supply chain. Panasonic urges its suppliers to provide materials that are environmental friendly. Panasonic also partners with its consumers to ensure they use the products and promote a green environment by using the products efficiently (Cengel
Impacts on Liquidity Essay a level english language essay help
Liquidity is defined in simple terms as the monetary supply in the financial market in a specific period of time. The manipulation of open market operations affects the level of liquidity in the financial market (Hubbard, 2008). It is not advisable to ignore the kind of impact of open-market operations on the level of liquidity.
It is not easy to determine the most suitable level of liquidity required by financial markets without careful analysis. It is necessary for a financial market to have some level of liquidity because lack of it leads to severe economic consequences (Hubbard, 2008).
A financial market without liquidity will definitely experience less market transactions and high interest rates which are not good for economic growth. A financial market with an excessive amount of liquidity is bound to experience high inflation rates (Graham, 2001).
The size of a budget deficit affects the level of liquidity in the financial market The falling over of the Federal government budget deficit weakens the argument that there is too much liquidity in the financial market (Graham, 2001). The economic growth of a country depends on its level of deficit spending. The Federal government budget deficit fall means that deficit spending goes down.
The level of liquidity in the financial market can only rise with an increase in deficit spending. Deficit spending is therefore very critical in an economic recession (Graham, 2001). The level of liquidity in the financial market entirely depends on the Federal government budget deficit. A large budget deficit means that most of the government spending will depend on borrowed money in order to cover the deficit.
This normally leads to a high level of liquidity in the financial market (Hubbard, 2008). A very small budget deficit means that the level of deficit spending goes down. Deficit spending leads to economic growth because the borrowed money is used to increase production and at the same time create employment opportunities.
The Federal government can decide to pump money into the economy as a way of covering its budget deficit (Hubbard, 2008). This increases the level of liquidity in the financial market and promotes economic growth. The falling over of the Federal government budget deficit means that the national income and consumption goes down.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The level of national income and consumption reflects the level of liquidity in the financial market (Hubbard, 2008). A decline in deficit spending leads to lack of liquidity in the financial market. All forms of deficit financing increases the level of monetary supply with a possible risk of inflation. A fall in the budget deficit means that the Federal government will rely on income from taxes to finance its operations.
A fall in the Federal government budget deficit leads to an increase in currency demand which in turn drains liquidity (Hubbard, 2008). Financial institutions such as banks are normally forced to demand for their reserves from the central bank due to lack of liquidity in the financial market.
The credit potential of banks is normally reduced by the demand for excess reserves. Budget deficit spending enables the public to be in a better position to save money and in the process reduce currency demand (Hubbard, 2008). The level of liquidity goes down with an increase in currency demand.
A lower budget deficit reduces government spending on infrastructure and other social services hence making it impossible for the financial market to have enough liquidity (Graham, 2001). The Federal government can decide to reduce its spending in order to have a low budget deficit but this affects economic growth.
A low budget deficit may seem good in the initial stages but it affects the monetary supply in the financial market. There is no way that the level of liquidity in the financial market can increase with a falling budget deficit (Graham, 2001). The main argument is that a falling Federal government budget deficit is not good for the economy.
An economy that is doing well depends on deficit spending. Deficit spending stimulates economic growth through tax cuts and creation of employment opportunities (Graham, 2001). The Federal government can have the incentive to overspend in an economic recession because of a reasonable budget deficit. The need to have enough liquidity in the financial market is the reason why the U.S government has been overspending.
In conclusion, a falling Federal government budget deficit does not in any way increase the level of liquidity in the financial market. Deficit spending ensures that there is enough monetary supply and in the process stimulates economic growth (Hubbard, 2008). A budget deficit that is falling over tends to restrict government spending.
We will write a custom Essay on Impacts on Liquidity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The resulting effect of a low budget deficit is an increase in currency demand due to lack of liquidity. A falling budget deficit leads to high interest rates and less financial transaction (Hubbard, 2008). The two effects of a low budget deficit are responsible for the low liquidity level in the financial market. Federal governments overspend intentionally for economic sustainability (Hubbard, 2008). There is a very strong correlation between budget deficits and the level of liquidity in a financial market.
References Graham, J. (2001). Firm value and optimal levels of liquidity. New York, NY: Routledge.
Hubbard, R.G. (2008). Money, the financial system, and the economy (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson Addison Wesley.
Cross-Cultural Management Report college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Cross- cultural management is a vital skill which all managers need for them to be effective in their duties. A manager who has cross-cultural skills is able to work in a variety of workplace settings without any problems. Attachments which people have to their cultural backgrounds influence the way they interact with one another.
Organizations which have embraced multi-culturalism are willing to transact business with customers from different cultural backgrounds. Managers need to be aware of underlying cultural values which influence the way employees perform duties assigned to them.
A manager who understands diverse cultural backgrounds of his employees is likely to relate with them better than a manager who does not. This report will show the role of culture in an organization and how cross cultural managers need to adapt to different work environments to achieve good results (Young).
Young reveals that cross- cultural skills help expatriates to fit in foreign environments where they have been hired to work easily. It is necessary for managers and other senior workers who work in foreign work stations to familiarize themselves with cultural values and attitudes which are dominant in their new work locations.
This knowledge helps managers improve their communication skills to help them interact well with other people there. Managers who are contracted to work in foreign work stations need to be willing to learn new ideas and attitudes which will help them adapt to their new locations.
They also need to learn cultural norms and ways of life which are practiced in those locations. Managers need to have a foresight on challenges which they will encounter while working with people in their new work stations who come from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds.
Managers need to nurture their soft skills to be effective in cross-cultural work settings. They need to improve their communication skills and learn proper social etiquette for them to be effective in their new roles. It is necessary for managers willing to serve as expatriates in other countries to improve their language skills to enable them interact well with other people in their new organizations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, managers who intend to work in Brazil need to improve their knowledge in Portuguese which is the country’s official language. A manager who does not understand the language commonly spoken in his new work location may not be able to perform his duties effectively. This is because he may not be able to articulate himself to his subordinates effectively. Young reveals that managers need to learn how to display courtesy and humility through their actions as this will help them break cultural and language barriers easily.
Business managers need to learn meanings of commonly used non-verbal signs to understand how people in their new work locations react to different issues. The ability to understand different signs commonly used in a foreign work station helps a manager to understand people’s emotional reactions to different issues..
Some signs and gestures send different signals and messages in different locations. In some countries, hugging is frowned upon because their cultures do not condone unnecessary body contact.
For instance, in several countries in the Middle East, handshakes between men and women are frowned upon yet in other parts of the world, this is considered as a normal way of greeting (Young). It is important for expatriates to understand modes of interaction in societies where they will be working for them to have proper knowledge on how to conduct themselves.
Managers need to take time to reflect on their own cultural backgrounds and how they affect their personalities and behavior. This will help expatriates to understand themselves and what they need to do to adapt to a different cultural environment. Managers who are globally exposed understand management systems used in different countries and regions.
It is important for managers who seek to be competent in their duties to learn how to interact with employees at the workplace. This will help them to come up with an effective approach to make employees serving under them perform their duties diligently to obtain positive results.
For instance, in China, business leaders are more authoritarian compared to Germany where managers consult their subordinates before they make important decisions. A manager who is used to the ‘German’ way of doing things needs to adapt quickly to the new corporate environment in China, if he gets transferred there (Young).
We will write a custom Report on Cross-Cultural Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is necessary for professionals that seek to make an impact globally to be flexible in the manner they approach work tasks. They should be ready to adapt to different workplace practices in their new work locations. They need to take time to understand commonly used business styles and how they are applied for them to make positive impacts in their new locations.
Likewise, managers who seek to improve their cross cultural skills need to learn about dominant social systems in their new locations and their relevance to communities which live there (Young). There are different social functions which are deeply revered in different countries which managers need to be aware about. This will help such managers to understand their employees and clients well enough so as to satisfy their expectations effectively (Young).
Effective cross-cultural skills help managers to manage diverse teams of employees more effectively. Managers must not try to introduce new concepts without taking time to understand how they will be implemented. They need to understand the cultural contexts their organizations operate in and how change management approaches are used.
A manager who fails to understand these situations will face resistance from employees in lower levels of the organization who have worked there for a longer period. Some managers undergo various stages of “culture shock” when they are deployed to work in foreign locations.
Such managers may find it difficult to adapt to their new locations because they do not understand the organizational behavior of employees in their new places of work (Young). Such managers may make unfavorable comparisons between their foreign work stations to their previous work stations where they were more familiar with the organizational behavior.
Expatriates should not go overboard in an effort to show they are adapting to new cultures in their foreign work locations. They should try and understand the culture first before displaying their affection to it to ensure they are not treated as objects of ridicule. In their quest to fit in, expatriates need to subdue their excitement to acceptable levels, to help them focus on tasks which need to be performed.
Expatriate professionals can be more comfortable in their new work locations if they have an open mind. This will help them to avoid being influenced by personal negative prejudices towards foreign cultures which they are adapting to. They need to be more accommodating to divergent views and opinions shared by employees and other people they work with.
Managers need to have strong conflict resolution skills to help them resolve any disagreements which are likely to occur in their new work locations. Expatriate professionals may be singled out for unfair criticism due to some political, social or economic issues which exist in their countries of origin. They need to understand how to avoid unnecessary conflicts which may have a negative impact on their reputation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Cross-Cultural Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Managers who try to initiate changes in new organizations where they work may face a lot of resistance from employees which is likely to result in workplace conflicts. It is necessary for managers to be ready to compromise with their employees to ensure crucial work procedures do not stop due to unresolved conflicts (Young).
Young opines that managers who seek to be acquire cross cultural skills need to be adaptable and tolerant. They should accommodate other people’s divergent views, opinions and practices in locations they are going to work. They should not be quick to take offense when derogatory remarks are made by clients and other people during important business undertakings.
Managers who are not able to control their temper are likely to face difficulties when working in a foreign business environment. Young advises managers to be more patient and understanding so as to excel in their new work stations. Expatriates need to change the way they think about certain issues to enable them adapt easily to their foreign work stations. They need to strengthen their multi-cultural skills for them to be competitive in different global work environments.
Works Cited Young, Rudolph. “Cross-Cultural Skills: Essential for Expatriate Success.” The Chronicle of Higher Learning, 23 Aug. 2011. Web.
Technology and Its Future Development Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
The development of technology has drastically changed the world. It is a good thing because it will help develop mechanisms and further advancements to help humanity on individual and social levels.
The article “Singularity” talks about a great rate of development in technology and that it might lead to technology becoming self efficient. This is a possibility out of fiction movies such as “Blade Runner” and “Gattaca” and literary works like “Frankenstein”.
The article specifies that the development of atom size technology will advance self evolution of intelligence of machine and eventually, it will become superior to humans and overtake the world. It is clear that technology is starting to become smaller but it is to the benefit of people and with careful control will not evolve into a great evil.
The movie “Blade Runner” illustrates a future where people gained an ability to create clones which are used for work on planets other than Earth. Eventually, these half-humans half-machines start a war against people. This sort of scenario seems very unlikely because modern people would be able to control the conditions of evolution.
They would notice that machines have the potential to self-evolve and get out of control, and actions would be taken to prevent this. Another movie “Gattaca”, tells a story of DNA modification and discrimination where people are outcast due to their genes and biological make-up.
This sort of technology is slowly developing where scientists are able to do experiments with DNA but discriminating people due to their genetics is highly improbable. There are laws today that are becoming world-wide which prevent any type of discrimination, especially if it is in-born. A story of “Frankenstein” is another example of a futuristic case, where a person is created in a laboratory.
The story uses a semi-scientific method in the creation and coming alive of a “person” but he is attributed human qualities and a life where the development according to society is illustrated. This can somewhat be aligned with technology helping people who are extremely ill. A technology like that would also be beneficial, even though making someone come back to life has little chance of happening.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Futuristic movies and short stories portray a grim future where machines take over humanity and people have to fight their own creations. People are the ones that give these mechanisms an idea, which is manifested through their ability to function. Of course, there is always a possibility of a malfunction in the mechanism, as can sometimes be observed today.
Computer viruses and system breakdowns are very common and this is an example of the detrimental factors of technology. People must take into account all outcomes, as well as machines gaining their own “understanding” and functioning. The article makes it clear how technology can be used for the benefit of humanity. “Biorobotic” limbs can find very useful application in the population.
Cell technologies can reach great potential in preventing the spread and outbreak of diseases. Nanotechnology can allow for smaller devices to be used both mechanically and biologically. The fact that technology is becoming smaller increases the ways it can be implemented into people’s lives.
Technology and its advancement have seen a great jump forward in the last years but it does not mean that it will be the catalyst in destroying humanity. With careful usage and controlled environment it will serve for the benefit of people for years to come.
Is Social Media A Useful Tool For Brand Promotion? Research Paper college admissions essay help
Background and need of study The time is going through the era of the Information Technology that changed the regular lives of humankind as well as business by the way of free flow of information and communication and provided the opportunity of e-commerce for the business communities where social media is a powerful tool for brand promotion.
Odhiambo (2012) pointed out that social media is more effective than the other traditional advertising media, but it would not put into practice as an isolated scheme devoid of enhanced alignment with traditional advertising media; the repercussion of the social media would not able to generate brand awareness as well as business development without integration with the existing media.
The social medias are the new experience to connect people from all over the world through online presence, it turned into a charismatic feature of the marketing mix by modernising the technique of the companies to interact with their customers, rather than traditional media of advertising the companies are significantly turning to the social media.
Under the concurrent recessionary economy almost every business look for cost effective solution for their brand promotion and marketing mix, social media is the approach that facilitated the business communities to promote brand loyalty, thus it is emergence to conduct a research to investigate the social media and its application for brand promotion.
Aims and objectives In the modern corporate world, integration of social media has turned as the most significant feature of marketing mix in order to transform the technique companies adopt to connect with customers, which is a new area of research where the literature of brand promotion striving to adjust in a most scientific method.
The traditional marketing literature required to having enough scientific evidence and data to attain a perfect fit with the social media that is still in scarcity, on the other hand the existing research with lack of sufficient industry data hinders the emergence of recognising the social media as a right alternative to the mainstream advertising media.
Thus, the objective of this study is to present social media and its greater significance for brand promotion supported by enough literature along with most favourable industry data found from the real life practice of different companies presented in the case study.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the social capital mostly consigns the resources gathering by the way of utilising relationships among the individuals where social media contributes a platform to build strong association through the network of large members of that media in order to ensure right use of social capital.
At the same time, the wider application of the Internet has provided ‘vaunted ubiquitous connectivity’ to connect each other whether it expected or unexpected by the user, the unexpected information are identified as sperm that negatively influence the people where social media could generate a stopple for sperms (Wellman, Haase and Hampton 2002).
In this context, the aim of this study is to identify the contribution of social media how brand promotion could fit its customers to overcome the hindrance of sperm assigning ‘like’ or ‘follow’ in the social media pages.
Hassan and Bashir (2012) mentioned that largest social media Facebook has 500 million of active users with 100 billion clicks per day, while other social media platforms have almost bulky user’s data that provide large engagement of people, the business always put its attention where people gather, so it’s right place for marketers to keep marketing efforts and brand promotion.
The recent economic downturn and its consequential recessionary economy has generated continuous pressure on the corporate world to adopt cost cutting strategy in order to sustain with crisis, thus, another vital objective of this study is to examine how social media could assist to reduce investment for brand promotion.
Brown (2010) added that to reduce business risk of the traditional media, most of the companies are designing social media strategies pointing to the growing sales, the shifting attributes of customers illustrate that they are changing their TV channel while the corporate advertisement starts, it occurs due to lack of understanding the diverse customers attitude.
In case of social media, there are huge applicable tools to address each individual customer’s liking choice and queries, this study also aimed to provide a well understanding with the associated tools of social media those have great contribution to generate a communication and marketing strategy by the way of brand promotion.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Is Social Media A Useful Tool For Brand Promotion? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Defining social media The history social media can be traced back from 1980, such as first dial-up BBC stared to develop from the very beginning of its operation (Hershey 2010, p.5; and Morrison
“Shrek” as a Popular Broadway Show Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The musicals have been around for a long time and “Shrek” has become a popular Broadway show. But an important aspect of a musical is to stay real and make the audience feel the special atmosphere.
The musical “Shrek” is very much different from the animated films and the difference is not a positive one. Shrek wears a costume that is somewhat disproportional. The body seems extremely large, compared to the head and the head itself has a strange form. Also, the general behavior and movement is very unnatural.
The walk does not simulate the way an ogre walks. It is known that the actor is really a person but it is possible to get into the character more and make it animal like and unfamiliar. The way lines are said and words enunciated, does not represent the comical and sarcastic nature of the ogre.
The character is unnatural due to the way he looks and behaves. Donkey is very much unlike the one people are used to seeing in the film. It is obvious that the person playing donkey tries very hard to be like Eddie Murphy but this is a mistake. The lines seem forced and the actor gets lost, trying to parody another person. This can only be done sarcastically, for comic affect, which would be pointless in a musical.
Also, it seems a major let down that he walks on his back legs, instead like a real donkey. It is understandable that it would be difficult for an actor to accomplish this but it must be as much as the original performance of characters. The dance moves are jagged and separate the character from Donkey even more.
Princess Fiona looks like the original one but the charm and atmosphere is not present. In the film, even when the princess turned into an ogre, there was femininity and pleasantness about her. In the musical, the actress does not look relaxed and does not seem to “believe” that she is Princess Fiona.
The actor must become one with their character, so that the audience believes the performance. When the setting of the stage changes and the dancers come out, their dancing technique is well performed but their faces look very firm. The smiles do not look natural and so, the dance looks like a well practiced stepping routine, instead of a happy celebration. When Prince Charming appears on stage, it is somewhat unexpected.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The scene is not made to lead into his entrance. His costume is very original but the movements are not smooth. The audience understands that the actor stands on his knees but the effect would be more comical if he was crouching down. He would be freer in his movements and so, the dancing and walking around would be more real. The singing part also needs work.
When he ends with a high pitched sound it is humorous but the majority of signing is loud and should be made less intense. The stage does not transfer over the atmosphere of a castle or a “magical land”. There need to be more decorations and details. Trees, grass and better scenery in a form of drapes or decorations would add to the effect, creating depth and distance. Musicals based on animated films would be acceptable for children but adults are more demanding, expecting a well thought out performance and actor’s play.
“Restoration Comedy” – English Play of 17-18th Centuries Essay college essay help online
This play is a comedy that seeks to show the author’s opposition to susceptibility of women in the Restoration society. This play seeks to show how the female characters play prominent roles. Further, it portrays them as strong and independent.
The play extensively focuses on three women Hellena, Florinda, and Angelica. The fates of nunnery, marriage, and well-paid prostitution bind these women respectively. Further, this play shows how the women’s determination and strong will help them escape from their fates (Sneider and Douglas 7).
This play outlines the standard treatment of women by men. It emphasizes that men treat women according to the way the women behave. If a woman has character and position, she commands dignity and respect from men. Conversely, if a woman lacks character men treat her with less respect and dignity.
This play portrays Hellana as a quality woman masquerading as a courtesan and Florinda as a philanderer who only stops this behavior when Belvile falls in love with her. The sisters, Hellena and Florinda discuss on how to explore their love. Hellena the younger sister wants to discover love before her brother Don Pedro sends her off to the convent.
On the other hand, Florinda the elder sister wants to marry the man she loves rather than the man her brother and father choose. The two women decide to explore their independence. The women want to do this before their planned futures choke their independence.
The two decide to go to a carnival dressed as gypsies where they meet three English nobles, Belvile, Blunt, Fredrick, and a sailor, Willmore. The sisters change the men’s choices using their disguises. In addition, the play focuses on Angelica a Courtesan new in Naples who is also at the carnival. Different men pursue Angelica for courtesan services, but Angelica chooses Willmore (Behn and Russell 10).
Encounters at the carnival trigger conflicts between the men prompting them to engage in fights over the women. At the end, women are free from their fates. Willmore agrees to marry Hellena and the two get Don Pedro’s approval for the marriage. Florinda marries the man of her choice, Belvile while Angelica sets Willmore free and leaves.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second scene of the second act takes place in Angelica’s bedchambers. Willmore removes angelica’s Portrait from the wall. Angellica wants to know why He had removed the portrait. Willmore argues out that the portrait was there to tempt him and justifies why he had to take it down. In spite of Willmore awareness of Angelica’s high price, he tries to convince her to sleep with him free.
He says that he will join forces and finances with the other merchants to gain time with angelica. Willmore says that he repulses the idea of individuals’ selling their bodies. In addition, he says that his passion for Angelica’s divine powers allows him to pay for the services. Angelica ignores Morettas advice not to listen to Willmore. Angelica agrees to Willmore’s demands claiming she has fallen in love with him.
This scene is significant to this play in theme development. It contains many aspects that help to create themes for the entire play. Themes that come include prostitution, courtship, love, exploitation, among other themes.
The author brings out the theme of prostitution in this scene. Willmore points out that he repulses the idea of Angelica selling her body. In addition, he goes one to show his commitment in joining forces with other merchants so he can afford to enjoy time with Angelica.
Evidently, the theme of love and courtship come out in this scene. Angelica agrees to Willmore’s demand of sleeping with him for free claiming she has fallen in love with him. Willmore shows intentions of courtship when he says that he wants to have Angelica forever.
In addition, the author develops the theme of exploitation in this play. Willmore brings this out when he tries to exploit Angelica. Despite of him knowing that Angelica is a courtesan, he wants Angelica to offer him free services.
The author brings out the role of each character well. He portrays Angelica as a woman who is independent and strong. Angelica plays the prominent role of being a courtesan. Despite of this, she goes on to show her independence by doing as she pleases. She agrees to sleep with Willmore for free as she is in love with him. Further, the author portrays Willmore as a man who exploits women as he does with angelica.
We will write a custom Essay on “Restoration Comedy” – English Play of 17-18th Centuries specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, this scene helps the author to develop the main plot of this play. She brings out the female characters as strong and independent and gives them prominent roles. Further, the author shows the society their actions and the extent to which those actions put women in compromising situations forcing them to disregard the society rules.
This leads women to lose status and position. The author’s view on position of women shows double standard of liberation in both public and legal spheres. The author manages to influence viewers to evaluate women’s roles in this new age by mocking and exposing constraints imposed on women in the restoration society.
Works Cited Behn, Aphra and Anne Russell. The Rover, 2nd ed. Ontario: Broadview Press, 1999. Print.
Sneider, Maja-Lisan and Douglas Canfield. The Broadview Anthology of Restoration and Early Eighteenth-Century Drama. Ontario: Broadview Press, 2001. Print.