Table of Contents Celebrations and national holidays
Family structure and gender Roles
Food and cooking
Modern Greek culture and traditions have been shaped by classical past. The current culture and traditions is rich and varied representing the region’s customs has an overlap between the western culture and the eastern culture. Notably, Greek culture and traditions have developed for thousands of years. Greece customs can be traced back to the Paleolithic era through the classical era and the golden ages. In the past, the Greeks created a noble civilization, which was later adopted by the Romans.
This civilization flourished for thousands of years before it was conquered by long invasions of civil wars, diseases, religious conflicts, and economic disasters. Despite these calamities, it is worth noting that the Greek culture and traditions did not disappear completely. A bit of it existed, evolved, and transformed throughout the excruciating period. This paper focuses on Greeks’ celebrations, beliefs, food and cooking, national days, and family structures and Gender roles.
Celebrations and national holidays In Greece, the majority of celebrations are related to the religion, however a few of them relate to paganism (Brown 1). Most life-cycle celebrations revolve around the Greek Orthodox Church. As such, Sundays, January 1, March 25 (annunciation), Easter Monday, August 15 (dominion of the holy virgin), Labor Day, and Christmas are public holidays.
Of all these celebrations, Easter celebration is considered the most significant festivity followed by charismas. Easter festivities commence two months earlier. During the Holy Thursday, the symbolic red eggs are painted. In Greece, it is thought that Mary the mother of Christ painted eggs with red dye to commemorate the renaissance of Christ.
On Easter Friday, flags are half raised to commemorate the death of Christ. During this day, Christians mourn the death of Christ with symbolic coffins. These coffins are ornamented with flowers and carried around the streets. Easter Sunday is spent with friends and families feasting.
Other festivities in Greece include marriage, baptism, and carnival (Brown 1). Marriage is among the most celebrated festivity in Greece. Weddings are marked with several gifts. For instance, the bride’s father is required to offer his daughter together with the bridegroom with a well equipped home. On the wedding day, the bride is clothed by female collogues and kept out of the public until the formal procedure commences.
The priest presides over the wedding ceremony, and once he declares the couple as married a party is thrown to honor the celebration. Thereafter, the couple leaves for a honeymoon. Another important ceremony in Greece is baptism. According to the Greek Orthodox, baptism is among the most significant festivities. Baptism is usually marked one year after the birth of the child. Priests preside over these ceremonies. Children are dressed in white clothes as the priest administers olive oil on them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Beliefs Greek beliefs have developed from sacred celebrations and rituals. As such, they believe in Christian Orthodoxy. The Greeks’ perceptions of life are based on the individual’s fate and destiny. Various stipulations and practices link this fate with trust in the Christian God. However, some practices are associated with paganism and folk beliefs. Generally, the Greek Orthodox Church has become an essential part of the Greeks’ culture.
Most celebrations and the national days are celebrated in accordance with the church’s rules. It is believed that the church and the Greeks’ life have had a close relationship because of the country’s historical past. 400 years ago, the church played a very important role in enhancing their cultures and beliefs against the Ottoman culture. Currently, the church plays important roles in the country’s state and civic affairs.
Across the country, the youth are not devout to the church compared to the elderly (Brown 1). Despite the changes, it is worth noting that the youth still attend and play major roles in various religious celebrations. In spite of the effects of globalization, the country remains predominantly religious unlike other western nations. Other religious groups such as Muslims, Judaism, and Roman Catholic form the minority groups.
Family structure and gender Roles In Greece, societies are made up of close-knit families (Brown 1). In these societies, vital social organizations are formed based on family ideas. Marriage as an institution plays a vital role in the functions of the society. As such, family in Greece represents a social cluster with individuals related by blood or marriage.
The marital family is made up of a husband, wife, and the children. The marital family, children, and their ascendants make up the extended family. The conjugal families together with their ascendants make up the extended family. On the other hand, the National Statistical Service of Greece regards all individuals living together as a family, whether or not they are associated.
Despite the fact that family lives have changed significantly over the last centuries, as the Greeks transition from rural culture to urban culture, it is worth noting that to date women still play a significant role in the family units (Brown 1). Women are expected to be the household managers and solve family disagreements. In this regard, the family’s ability to unite relies on the woman. On the contrary, men are considered as the family spokespersons, and they benefit from the social status and respect.
Greeks maintain a healthy communication between adult generation and youth generation. It is the responsibility of the older generation to offer advice and help to the youth. Equally, families support their children emotionally and financially. Family support among the Greeks has enhanced nepotism in the businesses and organizations, as family members prefer to offer contracts or jobs to their relatives rather than non-family members.
We will write a custom Essay on Greek Culture and Traditions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Food and cooking All over the world, Greeks are renowned for their quality food and unique cooking styles. As such, the Greek cuisines are often referred to as an icon of a healthy Mediterranean diet.
The act of sharing food and beverages among family members, relatives, and friends is considered as a fundamental facet of the Greek culture. Their cuisines comprise of fresh ingredients. These ingredients include garlic, onions, fennel, zucchini, grapes, apples, dates, and figs (Brown 1). Compared to other cultures, their cuisines are remarkable for their creativity that combines and makes the most of the produce and humble ingredients.
For centuries, the ingredients have been used in making a range food. These dishes are seasoned with herbs and olive oil. Foods such as rice, mutton, pork, and fish are part of Greeks’ everyday diet. Mezedes are used as appetizers and are usually served prior to meals. They are served in small dishes. They often comprise of lemon juice, olive oil, grapes. The idea of appetizers can be traced back to the Roman times.
The Greeks cooking has also been profoundly shaped by various rules of the Greek Orthodox Church. During Christmas, Easter, or Virgin Mary’s day, all the people abstain from all food derived from animals. These habits have inspired cooks to come up with a variety of exquisite vegetarian dishes as a substitute for animal products.
In the last centuries, the Greeks have been exposed to several cultures from the Romans, Russians, the French, and the British. The culinary traditions of these cultures have influenced, but they have never dominated their food and cooking. Their cooking relies on the readily available flavored ingredients rather than complicated ingredients found in other cultures.
To the Greeks, no meal is complete without drinks or beverages. After a meal, a glass of wine or coffee fresh fruits is served. All over Greece, coffee is appreciated as wine and has formed a central part of their culture. Coffee is served in every village and has taken a center stage in every social interaction event. Greek coffee is hot and thick and is normally served with small demitasse cups.
For thousands of years, grapes have been grown in Greece. These grapes have been used in the production of wines. Over time, the country has been renowned for its famous alcoholic drinks. Alcoholic drinks served in the country include ouzo and tsipouro. Ouzo is the most renowned liquor compared to other alcoholic drinks.
These drinks are blended with water, mezedes or ice when serving. On the other hand, Tsipouro is analogous to ouzo. However, it has an intense flavor of anis. This drink can be prepared locally at home, and its taste varies from one region to another
Not sure if you can write a paper on Greek Culture and Traditions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bibliography Brown, Deborah. “Greek Culture and Traditions – Where the West Meets the East- Novinite.com – Sofia News Agency.” Novinite.com – Sofia News Agency. N.p., 8 Apr. 2010. Web. .
Arguing, Interpretation and Evaluation Essay college admission essay help
The story was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and reveals the unpleasant experiences the narrator undergoes after getting confined in her room by her physician. The story reveals the narrator’s experiences as she reveals how she was confined in her room by her physician and husband after giving birth ostensibly to allow her to recuperate. This paper will interpret the story to find out its real meaning and messages the author conveys to readers.
The author of the story portrays women as capable human beings who have feelings, ambitions and personal wishes. The woman in the story represents the real life story of the author, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, who was confined in her room by her husband and physician for a long period of time.
The story reveals the ugly situation the narrator faces, as she does not get positive experiences outside her house to give her peace of mind. Her husband, brother and physician all think that she needs to stay indoors without working, a suggestion she does not like. She narrates how this makes her feel unwanted and mistreated. She feels she has been entrapped in a cage that does not give her freedom to explore her professional skills and talents. She intends to go out and work, yet her physician and husband are not supportive.
The narrator condemns her confinement in her own house and how this makes her more depressed. Her situation is a symbol of what women are made to endure by male dominated systems which weaken their resolve and spirit. Therefore, she dislikes the fact that she cannot do anything professional outside her home which makes her more miserable.
The narrator communicates the message that women are discouraged from fulfilling their dreams by men to make them less ambitious. The narrator explicitly shows how doctors lack professionalism empathy in the way they treat female patients. Their insensitivity makes women feel inadequate and hopeless, a factor that makes them have low self esteem. Her physician does not give her an opportunity to enjoy a different environment, which makes it difficult for her to recover.
The story focuses mostly on the ugly aspects of the confinement the narrator was forced to undergo. She is a harsh critic of predominant chauvinistic male attitudes that exist in society. However, the story manages to show feministic ideals in a different ways.
The narrator in the story argues about her alienation from the real world by being confined in her room which denies her a chance to engage in activities she loves. The author uses first person narration to make the mood more serious, which allows her to speak directly to the reader. This stylistic form makes her story more compelling to the reader. The story fails to describe the traits of other characters that would have made the story more interesting.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The narrator in the story seems not to be proud of her mother hood responsibilities because she is grumbling about not being given a chance to go outdoors. The story is a compelling narration of how women suffer emotionally and psychologically after they are denied a chance to pursue their goals by patriarchal systems.
In conclusion, the story is a real portrayal of how women were mistreated in the past. The story is a good account of how gender prejudices are used to discourage women from achieving their dreams and ambitions.
Foreign Exchange Market Essay online essay help: online essay help
Foreign exchange In order to convert the US dollars to the Yuan, we use the exchange rate USD/CNY 6.5766. This therefore means that 1 USD = 6.5766 Yuan. USD100,000 will therefore be 6.5766*100,000 = 657660 Yuan. The Chinese supplier will therefore be paid a total of 657660 Yuan.
Foreign exchange can simply be defined as the currency of a foreign country or the currency of a country that a person or company does not belong to. It can also be defined as the purchase or sale of a country’s currency in exchange for another country’s currency. This transaction is usually carried out in a market setting in order to make it easy for the transacting parties. This market is referred to as the foreign exchange market (forex).
A foreign exchange market is therefore a market where trading of different currencies takes place in order for the traders to be able to meet their financial obligations in foreign countries. Foreign exchange makes it possible for companies operating on the international scope to carry out their business transactions which normally involve conversions of money from one country’s currency to that of another (Carbaugh, 2004).
Foreign currency derivatives According to Gitman (2007), a derivative can be defined as “a financial instrument whose value is vested in another item such as an interest rate or an asset”. Derivatives are usually in the form of contracts where the parties agree to make payments based on the value of the underlying entity at a particular time in future.
Derivatives are mainly used as a risk minimisation strategy by one party and a return maximisation strategy for the other party. A foreign currency derivative is therefore a financial derivative whose future payment depends on the exchange rate of two or more currencies (Gitman, 2007).
Businesses generally enter in to foreign exchange derivative contracts in order to hedge themselves against the risk of loss due to unexpected adverse movements of the foreign exchange rate of the currencies they trade in. Businesses also use financial derivatives to protect themselves against the risks that are caused by volatility in exchange rates.
They are also used by businesses to negotiate for better terms when seeking financing from banks and other lenders. The trader can therefore enter in to a forward exchange derivative contract to pay the goods in 30 days time if the exchange rate of the USD to the Yuan is expected to depreciate (Michael, 2011).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Types of foreign currency derivatives
A foreign exchange futures contract is defined as a contract which is entered in to by parties in order to exchange a particular currency for another, at a specific date in future. The exchange price is normally agreed upon at the date of purchasing the futures contract and in most cases, one of the currencies is normally the US dollar.
Therefore in this case, the trader can enter in to a foreign exchange futures contract to pay at a particular amount at a future date at an agreed exchange rate. A foreign exchange spot on the other hand is a contract or an agreement between two parties to exchange currencies at a specific exchange rate on the date of entering the contract also referred to as the spot date.
This means that the exchange rate that is agreed upon by the two parties is normally the spot exchange rate. The current example where the trader is expected to pay USD 100,000 at the given exchange rate of USD/CNY 6.5766 can therefore be referred to as a foreign exchange spot contract if it is agreed that he has to pay on that particular date (Mehraj, 1997).
Lastly, it is important to distinguish between a foreign exchange futures contract and a foreign exchange forward contract. A foreign exchange forward contract is the situation where parties agree to buy or sell currency at a future specific date at an exchange rate that is agreed upon today. In this case, the trader and the supplier can agree on the future date of payment and also decide on the exchange rate that they will use. This is normally necessary when a trader does not have the funds to pay for the transaction at hand (Mehraj, 1997).
Bid / Ask Spread
A bid price has been defined by Eiteman, Stonehill
Feminism in The Yellow Wallpaper Explicatory Essay online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Theme of Feminism in the Story
Introduction Gilman’s story, ‘The Yellow Wallpaper,’ revolves around a protagonist who has been locked up by her husband in their leased house during summer vacation. The husband justifies his actions by pointing out that her wife needed a rest cure, especially now after the birth of their child. As the story unfolds, she (wife) reaches the threshold of a mental break down and insanity (Stetson, 1892).
She begins to experience hallucinations and becomes obsessed with yellow wallpaper that hanged on the wall. She associates everything in her environment with the yellow paper. Just before the vacation is over, she begins seeing nonexistent women creeping in her room. She looks at the paper and sees another woman entrapped in the picture. In an attempt to free her, she rips apart the wallpaper and locks herself in the bedroom. That was the only place she felt safe (Stetson, 1892).
When her husband returns, she refuses to open the door for him. Her husband gets the key and opens the bedroom, finding his wife in a severe mental condition, and faints. The protagonist continues to draw circles on her husband’s body. The story explores various themes and addresses numerous social issues. This paper will evaluate the theme of feminism in the story. Besides, the paper will highlight criticisms of the story and its impact on the audience.
Gender Roles in The Yellow Wallpaper Since its publication in 1892, many interpretations have come up regarding the story. Particularly, feminists believe that the story depicts the struggles and tribulations that women endured in a male-dominated society. Various illustrations in the novel assert the perception held by feminists.
Further Research What Does the Narrator’s Description of the Wallpaper Reveal about the Context of the Story? 5 39 What Role Does the Wallpaper Woman Play in the Story? 5 21 What Event Caused the Narrator’s Mental Illness in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 40 What Does Creeping Mean in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 249 At the outset, society undermined the role of women in households and during important decision-making processes (Stetson, 1892). As such, they played peripheral roles in society. In other words, the story portrays women’s opinions in society as irrational and irrelevant. The protagonist is locked in a house for the sole reason of getting a rest cure. She has no alternative since she is unable to convince her husband that the rest break was unnecessary.
As Stetson (1892) elucidates,
‘…and I did not make out a very good case for myself, for I was crying before I finished.’ (p. 651).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the protagonist, her condition does not necessitate such medical and therapeutic intervention. She wishes she were a free woman who could write, care for her child and participate in the running of the society (Ford, 1985). Instead, she remains in isolation (Stetson, 1892). This illustration does not only provide important insights on gender disparities in medieval societies but also demonstrates hegemonic masculinity that had engulfed the entire medical profession.
Second, it is important to pinpoint that the yellow wallpaper represents barriers to gender equality. Notwithstanding the mental health of the protagonist, she rips the paper as a symbol of breaking the bondage of patriarchy. She frees a woman who, like her, had been entrapped in the male-dominated society. John collapses after opening the bedroom because of shock.
Literary, the story asserts that John collapses because of the level of insanity of his wife (Stetson, 1892). Symbolically, the collapse implies the shock and surprise that the male gender would experience after women freed themselves. The story portrays the protagonist drawing circles on the corpse of her husband. According to Ford (1985), it implies that women had risen above men in the fight for freedom and equality.
Further, the theme of feminism comes out clearly in the story. John is a medical professional. In the society depicted by the story, such high-flying careers were a reserve of men. Despite being a doctor, it is ironic that John does not recognize the impact of incarcerating her wife. According to many feminists, men were not performing their duties impeccably in spite of their gendered beliefs about women.
Failure by John to realize that her wife would say descent to insanity if she remained locked in the room represents a realization by women on their essential roles in the mainstream society (Stetson, 1892). It empowers women to believe in themselves and rise above submissiveness and innocence. This way, they are able to appraise the social system and challenge the negative effects of patriarchy and male domination.
More about The Yellow Wallpaper What Is The Yellow Wallpaper’s Ending Like? 5 35 What Is the Importance of the Nurse in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 30 Why Is There a Change to the Second Point of View in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 18 What Is the Significance of the Narrative Form in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 26 Notwithstanding many interpretations of the story, many analysts hold the view that The Yellow Wall-Paper reflected Gilman’s experience in a medical institution (Ford, 1985). Gilman suffered from severe depression and was admitted to a hospital in 1890. It is in the medical facility that she experienced the same experiences as the protagonist portrayed in the story. As such, the story’s main aim was to challenge the prevalent methods of treating mentally ill patients as opposed to advancing the feminist agenda.
Conclusion In essence, the story revolves around a couple spending summer vacation. The husband locks her wife in a room because of his beliefs that she needed a rest break. Throughout the story, the theme of feminism is apparent. From socially imposed roles to making decisions, women in the story suffer from the whims of patriarchy. However, many critics explain that the story is a true reflection of the experiences of the author.
We will write a custom Essay on Feminism in The Yellow Wallpaper specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Ford, K. (1985). The Yellow Wallpaper and Women’s Discourse. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 4(2), 309–314.
Stetson, C. (1892). The Yellow Wallpaper: A Story. The New England Magazine, 11(5), 647-657.
Federal Government should not legalize the use of marijuana Research Paper scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Arguments in support of legalization of marijuana
Arguments against the legalization of marijuana
Introduction Historically marijuana was used by certain populations and cultures as therapy for fever, insomnia, rheumatic pain, headaches and constipation. The drug was listed as an official licit drug in 1857. It was believed it had many medicinal benefits. The recreational use of the drug surged during the Prohibition period.
To reduce the widespread use of marijuana the government introduced a taxing mechanism in 1937. In 1970 the drug was listed as an illicit drug and it was declared that drug possession would be a criminal offence. The government felt that the drug had a high potential for abuse. There was also no medically accepted use of the drug.
In the recent past more and more people have been advocating for the legalization of the drug citing various reasons. This paper analyses the arguments proposed by the proponents of the drug and concludes that these arguments are inconclusive and unconvincing.
Arguments in support of legalization of marijuana There are several arguments that have been proposed in support for the legalization of marijuana. In 1965 scientists were able to separate the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from the cannabis plant. After several years scientists were able to separate 400 chemicals and currently 21 of them are being investigated by the US FDA (Mechoulam, Maximilian, Peters and Murillo-Rodriguez, 80).
There are natural and synthetic cannabinoids that have been approved for treatment of certain medical conditions. Patients who have lost appetite due to cancer therapy and AIDS have gained as certain cannabinoids are used to stimulate appetite. They are also used to treat nausea, vomiting, neuropathic pain and overactive bladders.
There have been suggested uses of smoked marijuana and cannabinoids that have not yet been approved by the FDA. These include spastic syndromes in neurological disorders, pain syndromes and glaucoma. It has been argued that smoking the drug causes relaxation and pleasure. There is a sense of well-being. If someone is stressed, the drug causes relief and the individual is able to deal with hard realities (Stokes, Egerton and Watson, 1522).
In the United States there are several States which have chosen to legalise the use for Marijuana for medicinal and recreational purposes. In a survey conducted by Pew Research Centre 60% of the population in the country believed that it would not be right for the federal government to interfere in areas where marijuana use had been legalized (Connelly par, 6).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Two months ago a bill was introduced in congress that calls for the protection of medical and non-medical marijuana businesses from federal Prosecution in these States. Currently in the country 18 states and the District of Columbia actually allow physicians to prescribe marijuana to their patients. In November 2013 voters in the State of Washington and Colorado started progress towards legalization of marijuana use for adults above the age of 21(Connelly par, 7).
It is believed that marijuana prohibition will soon come to its end since most Americans are now against it. It is also argued that the legalization of marijuana should be allowed not just on moral grounds but on practical and financial factors or consideration. A Pew research survey found out that over 65% of Independents, Democrats and Republicans believed that enforcements costs are not worth it as they are quite high (Connelly par, 9).
For the first time in four decades since marijuana research studies were conducted the Pew Survey showed that majority of Americans wanted the legalization of marijuana. In 1969 only 12% of the population supported legalization. In 2013 the percentage has increased by over four times (Pew Research Centre par, 2). The findings further showed that the youth between 18-32 years of age were the ones who mostly contributed to this new opinion.
There are other arguments advanced by scholars in support of legalization of marijuana in addition to the increase in American population advocating for its legalization. The introduction of tougher drug laws ensured that drug-related arrests increased during the Reagan, elder Bush and Clinton administrations. On the other hand the use of marijuana actually increased in the country. The drug laws did not reduce the consumption at all.
When the Prohibition was introduced in 1937 it was estimated that there were only 55,000 users of the drug in the country. However 65 years later the number of users had exploded to 30 million. In 1994, statistics showed that there were 481,098 marijuana-related arrests. By 2000 the number had increased to 734,500. In 1981 statistics showed that 49% of the arrests were of juveniles who were having their first contact with the criminal justice system because of the arrest (Rosenthal and Kubby, 16).
It is therefore argued that marijuana contributes to jail overcrowding which has adverse economic consequences. It is further argued that due to the arrests these “criminal innocents” are exposed to personal danger and dangerous criminals in the jails where they learn illegal trades. When they are released, they are not the naïve criminals that were sent to prison (Rosenthal and Kubby, 16).
Arguments against the legalization of marijuana The arguments that advocate for the legalization of marijuana are unconvincing. On the medical angle there are safer and alternative prescriptions for the medical conditions. Studies that have investigated the effects of smoked cannabis and prescribed cannabinoids have shown that they have undesired side effects.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Federal Government should not legalize the use of marijuana specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These include acute psychosis and cognitive dulling in some of the patients. The drug causes the heart rate to increase in patients who have heart-related conditions. There is similarity in the components found in tobacco smoke and marijuana. The marijuana affects breathing and worsens respiratory conditions. It may also lead to abnormal cell growth which increases the growth of cancer (Hashibe, Straif andTashkin, 265).
The argument that smoking the drug causes relaxation and relief is also inadequate. Marijuana use reduces the levels of cortical dopamine which is responsible for higher cognitive functions and executive function. As the users search for the relaxation they actually end up experiencing cognitive dulling (Stokes, Egerton and Watson, 1522).
Cannabis use also affects the work performance of individuals. The drug affects cognitive involvement and decision-making. There is lower alertness and slower response levels in the workplace. Many employers do not tolerate any drug use in their staff. They carry out urine tests to find out the presence of marijuana in the employees.
The tests are effective for a period of at least two weeks. Some of the THC components have an elimination half-life of only 20 hours. There are those components that remain stored in the body fat. They have an elimination half-life of 10-13 days (Buddy, par. 6). If employers know the adverse effects of the drug on the productivity of their staff then the drug should not be legalized.
In a separate study, it was noted that the drug had a significant adverse effect on the individual’s safety. There were higher levels of reported self-accidents such as road accidents and minor injuries. The drug also has an adverse effect on the mental health of individuals. A study showed that mental problems were more likely to be exhibited in cannabis users than non-users (Svarikic and Lustman, 95).
The fact that the American population supporting legalization of marijuana has increased rapidly should not be a justification to demand for legalization of the drug. The fact that more and more people have become softer towards its use does not mean it is morally right to legalise the drug. As much as certain States have legalized the medicinal use of cannabis it is still a federal-controlled drug and its possession and distribution is illegal.
There have been a lot of current efforts to legalise the crude cannabis through State legislative laws. There are efforts to avoid imposition of federal laws or procedures on marijuana. The advocates of the medicinal use of the drug and the legalization or decriminalization of the drug are doing it in such a manner that bypasses the normal testing and regulatory testing processes of the FDA which are carried out for all drugs that are proposed for human consumption in the country.
These advocates therefore unfairly put legislatures and voters in the position where they have to decide on proposals that have a great impact on human health yet they are not qualified to understand the scientific evidence that is in the market (Svarikic and Lustman, 90).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Federal Government should not legalize the use of marijuana by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The federal government released a statement in 2009 clarifying its position on the legalization of marijuana. Smoked marijuana is not fit for medicinal purposes. The FDA believes that there is no sound scientific evidence that supports the medicinal use of marijuana in the country.
In 2001 the view was further supported by the Supreme Court in the case of United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers’ Cooperative. The court further affirmed the authority of congress to regulate the use of harmful substances across the country whether certain States had legalized the use of “medicinal” marijuana or not. It is not only the DEA or the federal government that is reluctant in the legalization of marijuana.
The American Medical Association believes the drug should not be legalized (Meyers par. 6). The American Cancer Association has communicated that the area still needs further research before legalization. The American Academy of Paediatrics fears that legalization will lead to an increase in drug dependency among the young people. The National Multiple Sclerosis Society further states that there is no convincing evidence that clearly shows the benefits of the drugs to its patients.
The British Medical Association actually warns that the drug is linked to greater risk of heart disease, lung cancer and bronchitis. It is therefore clear to see that based on the arguments mentioned that marijuana use should not be legalized across the country. It is important that the federal government continues to protect the health of the citizens of the country. Legalizing the drug will affect young people who will engage in other vices due to drug addiction.
Works Cited Buddy, Tim. How Long Does Marijuana Stay in the Body? Marijuana Is Rapidly Metabolized. 2012. Web.
Connelly, Louise. Marijuana Legalization 2013: Respect State Marijuana Laws Act Would Ban Federal Crackdowns. 2013. Web.
Hashibe Mia, Kurt Straif and Donald Tashkin. “Epidemiologic review of marijuana use and cancer risk.” Alcohol 35.3(2005):265–275. Print.
Mechoulam Raphael, Maximilian Peters and Eric Murillo-Rodriguez. “Cannabidiol—recentadvances.”Chemistry and Biodiversity 4.8(2007):1678–1692. Print.
Meyers, Dev. The DEA Position on Marijuana. 2009. Web.
Pew Research Centre. Majority Now Supports Legalizing Marijuana. 2013. Web.
Rosenthal Ed and Steve Kubby. Why Marijuana Should Be Legal. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press. 1996. Print.
Stokes, Paul, Alice Egerton and Ben Watson. “Significant decreases in frontal and temporal [11C]-raclopride binding after THC challenge.” NeuroImage 52(2010): 1521–1527. Print.
Svarikic, Dragan and Patrick Lustman. “Legalization, Decriminalization
Neil Gaiman’s Writing Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Gaiman’s use of Greek Mythology
Influence of fairy and folk tales on Gaiman’s work
Influence of classic English fantasy literature on Gaiman’s work
Influence of pulp fiction on Gaiman’s writing
Introduction Neil Gaiman is an internationally acclaimed English writer with a wide range of comic books, fiction novels, and short stories and children’s books to his name. His literary style has intrigued many readers around the world and as a result, he has won numerous outstanding awards from his literary work.
His writing prowess is attested by the fact that his work has done notably well across several genres of the literary world. This research paper is only interested in his works in the fiction genre and shall consider the novel, Neverwhere and short stories from Smoke and Mirrors. The research paper seeks to identify external literary and cultural influences on Gaiman’s work and establish whether they serve to enrich or bring about a lack of originality in the author’s work.
Gaiman’s use of Greek Mythology Greek mythology has been widely used by many authors from virtually all genres of literature and Gaiman is not an exception. In his novel Neverwhere, Gaiman manages to weave elements of Greek mythology in the plot. He depicts his main character, Richard, as a hero in a completely different style. Extraordinary, heroes are typical of ancient Greek mythology and Gaiman’s depiction of Richard seems to pitch him as one.
He is indeed an extraordinary hero because at first, he is willing to lose his fiancé in his endeavor to assist the injured young woman, Door. Despite living an almost non-bearable life shortly after Door’s departure, when he finally finds her in ‘London below’, he sets aside all his interests and resolves to offer a helping hand. Richard’s heroic nature manifests in the beauty of his character, viz. his steadfast loyalty and kind heart rather in deeds (Schupbach Para.16).
Richard’s fall through the ‘crack’ to ‘London below’ definitely reminds one of mythical tales in which everything is possible. In the London below, the speaking rats, the earls, and the monsters in sewers are further instances of mythology alluded to by Gaiman in this novel. He clutters, “Oh yes. Yes-yes-yes…I know exactly what to do with him” (Gaiman Neverwhere 69). This was the Lord-Rat-Speaker at his first meeting with Richard.
He further depicts the villains in the novel as dangerous assassins who survived the Trojan War, a war that only exists in the depths of the Greek mythology. It is clear at this point that Gaiman, in his effort to portray how dangerous the villains were, brings in the idea of a war that is touted as having been very serious. Therefore, it is evident that Gaiman’s style is one that outsources necessary information to strengthen the images that he creates while writing.
In the short story Chivalry, which is found under the collection, Smoke ad Mirrors, Gaiman alludes to ancient mythology in the form of a phoenix egg that is brought as a present by Galaad to the old woman, Mrs. Whitaker, to convince her to let go of the Holy Grail (Gaiman Smoke and Mirrors 45).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The decision to use the mythical bird’s egg in the short story seems to be aimed at showing just how important the Holy Grail was and effort that could be expended in wrestling it out of the old woman’s possession. This effort goes for the apple of life too as it was a fruit that could only come out of a mythical world. Where Galaad gets the gifts from is shrouded in mystery, but eventually, he succeeds in getting the Holy Grail.
Gaiman’s attraction to Greek mythology is further evident in “Nicholas Was…” where he seems to depict Santa Claus in the old man, Nicholas. Based on the short story, the torment that the old man endures while supplying children with Christmas gifts was far much beyond what Prometheus endured while serving his eternal sentence. The fact that he envied Prometheus can only mean that his torment was so much that he would have gladly traded places with Prometheus if given the chance.
Influence of fairy and folk tales on Gaiman’s work Fairy and folk tales have influenced Gaiman’s work as well to a considerable extent. In the novel Neverwhere, Richard’s quest to see the angel to grant him the ability to return home to his normal life is an example. The existence of an angel in London below is a phenomenon that can only be conceived in fairy tales.
Therefore, he combines fairyland possibilities with other styles such as fantasy to deliver a story that remains etched in the minds of his readers for a long time (Smith 25). The overlap of London below with fairyland is again witnessed in Gaiman’s description of the dwarfs, which coexisted with the inhabitants of London below.
In the short stories included in Smoke and Mirrors, the influence of fairy tales is witnessed in ‘Nicholas Was…’ when Gaiman describes the old man so vividly that when he brings in the idea of distributing gifts to sleeping children, it becomes obvious that he is talking about Santa Claus. Though the story is very short, he manages to fit this style and a lot more others into the stories. This aspect confirms fairy tales also influenced the position that Gaiman’s writings to some reasonable degree.
Influence of classic English fantasy literature on Gaiman’s work Gaiman heavily employs classic English fantasy in the novel Neverwhere, which generally falls under the category of urban fantasy novel. The moment Richard descends to London below, the novel shifts from being a normal work of fiction to a fantasy novel.
To begin with, the vivid description of London below is a perfect example of fantasy. The author creates a completely new world right under the streets of London or rather ‘London above’ with a description that is almost tangible. The inhabitants of this new world are also creations of the author’s imagination.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Neil Gaiman’s Writing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They add to the blend of fantasy that the author depicts in the story. They are people complete with everything they require to live their lives and are completely oblivious of the possibilities of living a life besides the one they have in their world. Door’s disappearance to this world after getting better is a clear indicator that she did not care much about the comforts that life in ‘London above’ could offer.
Richard’s transition from his normal self to this other person, who did not exist to other people around him, was yet another product of the author’s imagination. The fact that a human being can exist yet be barely noticed by all people around him/her gives the impression that s/he might have been invisible yet s/he sees them and thinks s/he is in the same realm with them.
This same display of fantasy is witnessed in Chivalry when the author refers to the Holy Grail and all the importance attached to it yet to Mrs. Whitaker, it is nothing more than an item that adds beauty to her house (Marcus Para.12).
Galaad’s trips to nobody knows where and his return with the different items to appease the old lady to give him the Holy Grail also seems to bring about an element of fantasy in the short story. It cannot be explained how he could access items, which only existed in ancient Greek mythology, in his human nature. In addition, the items could do exactly what was said of them, which is slightly hinted at when Mrs. Whitaker touches the different items and realizes that she instantly feels different.
Influence of pulp fiction on Gaiman’s writing Gaiman in his writing also alludes to pulp fiction especially in Neverwhere when he creates a young woman whom Richard finds himself willing to assist under whatever circumstances. The idea of a hero striving to save a lady finds its roots in pulp fiction. This observation means that when Richard sets out on dangerous adventures although with some element of unwillingness or doubt about his desire to assist, Gaiman is borrowing from pulp fiction.
Richard assists the girl in ‘London above’ and it costs him so much, but still goes ahead to help in ‘London below’ where his ability to help is highly doubted by Door herself. He eventually emerges as a unique hero not in deeds, but in his way of thinking and his perception of all that they went through. Ultimately, he does not fall in love with Door as many would have expected and this element adds to his uniqueness as a hero in the story.
Conclusion The works of Neil Gaiman will continue to intrigue many who come across them because they are a product of a clever combination of different styles of writing blended with the author’s unique writing style.
Gaiman’s approach to writing could easily be thought of as lacking in originality, but in essence, the numerous allusions made to various sources serve to create the effects he desires without having to use a lot of words. Clearly, the influence that other works of literature have on Gaiman’s work serves to enrich it rather than to water it down. He is a great writer.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Neil Gaiman’s Writing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Gaiman, Neil. Neverwhere, New York City: Harper Collins Publisher, 1997. Print.
Gaiman, Neil. Smoke and Mirrors, New York City: Avon, 1999. Print.
Marcus, Richard. Book Review: Smoke And Mirrors: Short Fictions and Illusions by Neil Gaiman, 2008. Web.
Schupbach, Jo. The Inverted City – The Use of London’s Underground in Neil Gaiman’s Neverwhere, 2011. Web.
Smith, Clay. “Get Gaiman?: PolyMorpheus Perversity in Works by and about Neil Gaiman.” Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 4.1 (2008): 1-29. Print.
Metamorphosis of China’s Identity Essay essay help online
Introduction China is faced by a great challenge of trying to maintain its national culture in the strong wave of globalization. It was inevitable to shun away this new ideology because it was perceived as a bridge of development between the West and China. However, the Chinese are bent on preserving their traditional culture.
Every time there is a mention of globalization in relation to culture, the worst is portrayed because globalization is often described to erode cultures. Regardless of the fact that traditional Confucianism was swept away in China, neo-Confucianism’s significance is evident in its humanistic spirit. The confucianists’ aim is to foresee the general wellbeing of every human being, and this has been a very strong characteristic feature of the Chinese identity.
Gender and how it shapes Chinese identity
The sex ratio at birth in China is the highest in the world according to the United Nation’s Population Prospects 2010 revision (Golley
Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Meaning of Failure Mode Effect Analysis Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) is defined as an efficient and practical technique used in assessing different features of a given system. Moreover, the assessment is majorly done to establish and eliminate or reduce possible prevailing tragedies and dangerous failures within the system.
Through design correction, the existing tragedies and dangerous failures can be eliminated within the shortest time possible. The analysis is able to highlight consequences of detected failures hence it becomes important during the establishment of legal actions (Smith par. 1). The assessment starts with the essential parts of the system to establish their result into the system malfunction. After recognizing the possible malfunctions, they are categorized and allocated a Risk Priority Number (RPN). Finally, a viable corrective action is proposed.
When to use Failure Mode and Effect Analysis Failure Mode and Effect Analysis is used during the creation or redesigning of a particular product or service. It can also be applied when a certain procedure is being established or when development goals are designed for an already operational process or existing goods and services. In addition, it can also be implemented when the available procedures, goods, or services are being applied in different ways. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis is used when evaluating various malfunctions of an existing process, goods, or services.
How FMEA is used The first step is to determine the necessary requirements for the system to execute its duty. This is followed by the provision of all the hypotheses and rules required during the actual analysis (Stephans and Joe 91). The third stage does not only include the design of the system’s block diagram, but also establishment of possible malfunction modes.
For instance, possible system failures like breakages and leakages can be identified early enough and amicable solutions provided. The major cause of each malfunction mode and their impact on the system is then established. After recognizing all possible malfunctions, they are assigned a severity and occurrence ranking. Then, critical evaluation is conducted on each of the potential malfunction modes. The last step in FMEA is the assessment and suggestion of any viable corrective measures and perfections to the design.
Advantages and disadvantages of FMEA Failure Mode and Effect Analysis has a number of advantages. The technology does not only eradicate possible problems that might arise in a process, but also helps in establishing the areas with higher risks (Loiselle par. 1).
Additionally, it creates a stage for exchanging information, which hence improves product awareness within core teams. This technique is helpful in obtaining relevant historical information about various changes in the process. It also assists in the provision of accurate technical requirements during the construction of workstations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, FMEA helps in the provision of corrective measures during sessions. Moreover, the technology is important because it takes part in identification and management of various malfunctions. Conversely, a malfunction must occur in the system if a single failure mode is omitted. Products made during this process are not exactly similar. The other disadvantage is that a number of the detection controls are of low quality.
Examples of FMEA
A viable example of FMEA is where a single malfunction of the hardware item leads to death or loss of property. Another example that could be considered is where the system under evaluation has a redundancy hence causing death or loss of mission.
Works Cited Loiselle, Joshua. Improving the Efficiency of FMEAs. 2013. Web.
Smith, Deborah. FMEA: Preventing a Failure Before Any Harm Is Done. 2010. Web.
Stephans, Richard, and J. Stephenson. System Safety for the 21st Century: The Updated and Revised Edition of System Safety 2000, Hoboken: Wiley-Interscience, 2004. Print.
Journal summary of “Your Sixth Sense” by Mathew Hutson Essay (Article) essay help
The Mathew Hutson’s article “Your sixth sense” was published in ‘Psychology Today’ in June 2012. The author’s primary aim is to prove that anomalous experiences that affect people at certain times are not only real and life changing, but also occur inside our own brains. In addition, he attempts to prove that anomalous experiences do not occur outside our inner experiences. In this paper, a summary of the Hutchon’s article will be developed in order to highlight his ideas in regard to the topic of the “The sixth sense” article.
The Hutson’s article, if taken as it is, tends to basically argue that anomalous experiences are realities that affect almost every person. However, these experiences occur inside and not outside the human brain. The author tends to argue that anomalous experiences are illusions that humans bring about in their consciousness. Such illusions are used to fill human sensations and reflect what humans think inside their brains.
Taking the fact that one of us being stared at as one of the most common form of anomalous experience, the author argues that human emotions become activated such that one feels either comforting or excited (Hutson, 2012). The results show that the person will experience impression that provides additional energy.
The thesis by Hutson seems to be based on psychological perspective of the human brain. He argues that the “sixth sense” is not actually found in the brain, but it is a product of the work of the five natural senses. According to him, all human experiences exist only inside their own brains. In other words, he tends to argue that the function of the brain cells produces an additional “sixth sense” (Hutson, 2012).
The article further develops the idea that humans experience a sense of familiarity but which has no recollection. The author states that this sense is an experience that is normally a slight delay in the wiring of the brain cells. From biomedical theory, it is clear that transmission of pulses thorough human nerves, including the brain cells, are prone to some delays in biochemical reasons (Naparsek, 2007).
The author seems to refer to these forms of delay as the causes of familiarity without recollection. In addition, the sense of coincidence has been highlighted as another form of experience that proves that “the sixth sense” is a product of the rain functions. He presents the idea that coincidence is a perception that is inbuilt within the brains of most individuals, especially during the early age.
The author draws the reader’s attention by attempting to explain the nature and causes of human psyche and psychic abilities to know something or an event even before it takes place. He says that this phenomenon is a product of three aspects of the human brain-mental telegraphy, pre-recognition and remote viewing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, concerning out-of-body and near-death experience, Hutson states that damages to the brain cells in the temporal injunction or lack of oxygen in visual cortex are the most common causes of the experiences (Hutson, 2012).
The author also draws the attention of the audience by invoking some ideas of such concepts as witchcraft, spirits, and luck and life energy. He argues that anomalous experiences are appealing if they are explained in terms of the above concepts. Accordingly, the concepts may not necessarily have taken place, but the human mind always develops illusions that the person is undergoing the experience.
In conclusion, the author has attempted to explain his theory of “the sixth sense” from a psychological perspective. He tries to clarify that “the sixth sense” is a product of the other five senses. Such experiences as the feeling of being started at, witchcraft, meeting with spirits or near-death experiences have been shown to be a product of “the sixth sense” rather than realities.
References Hutson, M. (2012). Your sixth sense. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/articles/201207/your-sixth-sense
Naparsek, B. (2007). Your sixth sense. New York, NY: Cengage.