Glory is a movie that represents a celebration regarding a bravery act witnessed in the course of the Civil War. The movie depicts the way members of a battalion treated one another because of racial segregation. Furthermore, the leaders of the regiment treated members differently depending on their race.
The members of the “54th Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry” were segregated because of their racial origin (Zwick, 1989). Colonel Robert Gould Shaw who plays Mathew Broderick headed the regiment. The black members of the regiment faced serious discrimination than their white counterparts. They did not access several rights and amenities. Furthermore, they performed demeaning roles. However, they did not abandon the regiment when they had opportunities to quit.
The movie begins with a serious battle, which leaves Shaw hurt and forced to return home. While at home, Shaw gains information concerning plans by the government to form a regiment incorporating mainly black soldiers. He takes up the role of a commander. He later asks Major Forbes to deputize him (Zwick, 1989). Colonel Shaw eventually started enlisting soldiers into the regiment thus leading to the emergence of the other actors depicted in the movie.
The movie depicts a real story regarding the experiences members of the “54th Massachusetts regiment” underwent (Zwick, 1989). It is important to note that the regiment was the first ever to incorporate many African American combatants. The theme of racial discrimination appears to be at the core of the movie as depicted throughout its setting.
The soldiers had several battles to fight. The movie depicts them as a group who has the desire to achieve their freedom. The black soldiers also has the desire to secure the freedom of their colleagues in the south (Zwick, 1989). They are also fighting to end discrimination that is so rampant within the military union. It is notable that discrimination also dogged the Northern states in the country affecting the lives of many.
The Union Army staff plays a critical role in promoting discrimination. The personnel discriminate against the members of the regiment by failing to give them appropriate weaponry, apparatus, and other items that are critical for their victory. However, Robert Gould Shaw who at early twenties has attained the rank of a colonel has faith in his regiment becoming better that the Union Army.
He has faith that the group can triumph if accorded appropriate support. Morgan Freeman plays Sergeant Major Rawlins in the movie (Zwick, 1989). The colonel also comprehends appropriate ways of gaining the trust, esteem, and dependability of his regiment with the assistance of Sergeant Major Rawlins.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Broderick manages to illustrate the learning progression in a manner that is easy to comprehend. Initially, skeptics doubt his ability to provide leadership roles because of his previous areas of acting. Broderick had just left Ferris Bueller’s Day Off where he had never played series acting roles (Zwick, 1989). Therefore, most members of the regiment noted that he was unfit to play a critical role. It is notable that he proved his doubters wrong.
In addition, the movie depicts Denzel Washington as a person who can play several roles. Initially, Denzel was a slave. However, as the movie progresses, Denzel became a soldier and joined the regiment. It is notable that Denzel joined the regiment with several years of pent up animosity, fury, and frustrations because of his experiences as a slave. Therefore, after joining the regiment, he needed a way of letting out the emotions associated with his experiences as a slave.
The movie depicts Denzel taking out his emotions on everyone indiscriminately. However, at one point Denzel realizes that the way he takes out his anger on other soldiers was not appropriate. He also realizes that his behavior towards others and his great hate of the world was inappropriate.
The actor manages to depict the transformation into a soldier who learns to believe, cherish, and develop high esteem for his colleagues (Zwick, 1989). Indeed, the movie depicts Denzel as someone who shows love to his colleagues without prejudice or racial discrimination. Denzel’s transformation is depicted through the change Tripp undergoes throughout the experience.
The movie emerges as one of the most interesting works focusing on the civil war and racial discrimination against Black Americans. Furthermore, the movie depicts the existence of various thoughts and views regarding civil war. The purpose and ultimate effect of the movie also makes it outstanding.
The actors in the movie also come up with varying understandings (Zwick, 1989). For example, the sentiments and understandings of Broderick and Major Forbes differ from those of Denzel and Rawlins. Furthermore, Andre Braugher who portrays Searles develops entirely varying anticipations and emotions.
The movie has a strong significance in its depiction of how actors with varying expectations, opinions, and emotions are capable of forging unity, understand colleagues, and show belief and love for one another. The movie shows other unwelcome aspects of peoples’ experiences such as racial discrimination, animosity, irritation, and frustrations (Zwick, 1989).
We will write a custom Essay on Glory (1989) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, it depicts the desirable aspects of humanity such as courage, believing in one another, compassionate, and sacrifice. Admittedly, the movie is visually magnificent. It also portrays fighting experiences to give viewers real insights about the civil war.
Reference Zwick, E. (Director). (1989). Glory Web.
Immigration bias on Hispanics in North Carolina Essay essay help: essay help
Immigration bias against the Hispanics has been witnessed in the State of North Carolina based on implementation of Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Section 287 (g)’s implementation in North Carolina has been controversial since it has infringed on the rights and freedoms of the minority Hispanics in the State. Section 287(g) allows the Immigration and Customs Enforcement to create accords with state and regional police agencies in the process of enactment of immigration laws.
State officials have been conducting random traffic stops and searches in the guise of napping or targeting the Hispanic community. The implementation of the INA act and in particular section 287(g) in regard to memorandums signed between the State agencies and INA has been criticised. These MOA’s have given powers to state agencies who in turn have been conducting immigration searches in a discriminate manner.
Moreover, state officials in the State have undertaken the implementation of these MOA’s with lack of transparency and in defiance of the law. Hispanics have complained of prejudiced abuses and lack of protection from the police. In one instance, a Hispanic mother of four US citizens was detained under the INA act due to her racial status. Although, the law gives powers to state officials to undertake immigration searches, it only applies to undocumented immigrants.
The ICE usually focuses on immigrants charged with heinous acts but in the state of North Carolina, law enforcement agencies use section 287 (g) to target suspected illegal immigrants charged with small offences. For instance, in 2008 around 84% of immigrants had been detained and charged with minor traffic offences in Gaston County. This clearly proves that state officials in North Carolina are not implementing section 287(g) as envisaged in the act.
Since, section 287(g) is misused as an immigration artillery and instrument for bullying and segregation of foreigners of Hispanic extract. The actions of the state officials contribute to discrimination and racial profiling of the minority Hispanic group in the society. As a result, the Hispanic community have encountered a profound sense of discrimination which has breed mistrust and scepticism towards State and regional institutions.
Most of the Hispanic people believe that State officials are looking for justifications under the INA act to repatriate them. As a result, the co-operation of the minority groups in State activities is greatly diminished due to mistrust. According to section 287 (g), state officials are only allowed to screen for immigrants once they are in custody over other offences.
Therefore, the actions of the officials in North Carolina are breaches against the law and thus these officials have to rectify their actions. The US constitution has provisions that allow for community participation in making of law and thus the MOA’s signed between States and the ICE should include community input. Community based groups should be involved in the process of drafting the MOA’s under section 287 (g) so as to cater for welfare of all interest groups on immigration.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Making use of the input of the community in the process of enactment of laws will assist greatly in ensuring a balanced view on any issue is achieved. Moreover, the community will feel co-operative since its input has been considered in the process of making decisions that impact directly on the lives of community members. State officials in North Carolina should respect the US and State constitution while at the same time involving the community in the process of implementing section 287(g) of the INA act.
Under what situations might outsourcing of EC services not be desirable? Research Paper college essay help
Everyone wants to outsource some works to third parties. It is necessary when business owners want to focus on their high-level jobs. However, there are certain situations under which outsourcing may not be desirable. Reasons may vary from one organization to another (Turban and King 549).
No firm would want to outsource EC business when the cost of outsourcing is too high. In most cases, businesses outsource some jobs in order to cut costs related to permanent staff and training of IT staff. However, under rare situations, the cost of outsourcing could be expensive, especially for startups.
Core business competencies
Firms should not outsource their core business competencies. This is where the competitive advantage of a company is. Firms use such competitive advantages to achieve their strategic objectives and missions. Thus, any attempt to delegate or transfer such jobs to a third party could compromise the main reason for business existence.
Dynamic business functions
There are business functions, which are highly dynamic and difficult to predict in terms of risk factors. For instance, customer service has become unpredictable as customers have become demanding and dynamic. Thus, such services should remain in-house because the service provider may lack the capacity to meet such challenging and dynamic roles.
Changes in management
Outsourcing should not take place during shifts among top executives. The incumbent team is the best for facilitating implementation of the process because it understands the company’s core business and the need for outsourcing.
Outsourcing is an undertaking that requires dedicated resources like time, finance, planning, and implementation with supportive leadership. Thus, firms should put on hold all outsourcing plan when there are changes in management team, until the new executive articulates business mission and the need for outsourcing.
Some firms undertake major restructuring. This might not be the best time to outsource services. Usually, when the economy is weak, some organizations may embark on internal restructuring as a way of cutting costs, reducing hierarchies, eliminating unprofitable units, consolidating, transferring staff, and refinancing operations among other initiatives. On the other hand, firms may start new operations in a strong economy without negative impacts on the business.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When firms undertake such restructuring programs, they should avoid any outsourcing without adequate orientation. Under such situations, any attempt to outsource services could result in high risk by distracting employees, executives and introducing complications in the system. Thus, any outsourcing plan should be under the management plan of senior executives so that they can have adequate concentration, stable operations, and adequate time to allow them to achieve the desired results from outsourcing.
Firms should not outsource knowledge-based functions. This is an intellectual capital, which should stay in-house. A knowledge-based economy depends on a competitive advantage. Thus, any organization must be able to control its internal business secrets and develop new concepts out of experience and skills.
Core functions that do not require any form of risks
Some risks may hamper the delivery of core functions to a firm. This is risky in situations where foreign firms provide outsourcing services. For instance, countries with political risks may undermine attempts to deliver services and payment. Thus, the firm must have special ways of mitigating and managing risks. Although such risks could be manageable, they may consume time and other resources.
Works Cited Turban, Efraim and David King. Electronic Commerce 2012: Managerial and Social Networks Perspectives. 7th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.
The Role of Communication in the Relationships Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The way people communicate is extremely important, especially in a marriage, as individuals can get lost in the routine and daily responsibilities. An article “Can we talk? Researcher talks about the role of communication in happy marriages” examines the issue of what happens to couples and how to avoid the distancing that takes over the relationship.
One of the most problematic areas for married couples is the content of their conversation. It must be centered on their individuality and personal problems. People must look deeper, past the surface of the daily duties that involve children, family matters and work.
They must disclose personal information and this will lead to proper communication and understanding. It is very possible to relate to the article and advice given because in the modern world, people often get preoccupied with the fast pace that is required by their work, responsibilities and necessities of life (Sole, 2011).
From a personal point of view, there have been several times when a situation did not get resolved due to a simple misunderstanding. For example, a choice of restaurant was offered and a person who offered the type of restaurant did not really see the difference between many kinds of places.
Their partner did not want to offend their choice and so, had to go with the offered location. Once there, the setting was not very well established and the couple had a mediocre experience. Once they got home, it turned into a minor argument where one was displeased with the place and was asking for the reasons of such a poor selection.
The person who offered that specific restaurant did not really care for the setting and so, this situation could have been avoided if both expressed their attitude towards the location. If the person displeased with the setting had honestly admitted about their dislike, a different selection of the restaurant could have been made.
This shows how important it is to express personal feelings. Even if there is a possibility that a person might get slightly offended, it is better to try to do it in the most kind and respectful way, as to explain own reasons and state why they do not prefer a certain choice. This would help avoid a much greater conflict and argument. Self disclosure is very important in a relationship because it allows people to express their inner emotions and likes, which will help people to get to know each other better.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Also, it will aid individuals to adjust to the interests and be able to predict what can and cannot be done in a certain situation. The similarities between genders are very obvious. Both men and women appreciate affection and honesty. Attention that is paid to details goes a long way and helps find a common ground. Both males and females have specific taste preferences for food and favorite drinks.
The amount of common likes and dislikes is enormous but most of all, both genders need and look for love and understanding from their partner. Generalizations in relation to communication are common for all. People should involve themselves in conversations more, as well as personal sharing (Schoenberg, 2011).
The human ability to transfer understanding and ideas to others is extremely important, especially in marriage and any other relationship. People should engage each other to share and relate to common interests and themes.
References Schoenberg, N. (2011). Can we talk? Researcher talks about the role of communication in happy marriages. Washington, United States: McClatchy – Tribune News Service.
Sole, K. (2011).Making connections: Understanding interpersonal communication. San Diego, United States: Bridgepoint Education, Inc
Global Health Priorities Definition Essay essay help online
Every year the World Health Organization (WHO) collects health information from all member states. The health information is used to formulate both short term and long term goals.
This information is then shared with all stakeholders. Based on this information, priority areas are selected and appropriate interventions formulated. Health priorities vary from region to region but there are some that are generally considered to be universal. This paper will discuss the global health priorities. It begins with a brief overview of the health related millennium development goals (MDG).
The WHO has traditionally formulated global health priorities using the millennium development goals. The millennium development goals related to health include MDG 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 (WHO, 2013). MDG 1 is concerned with childhood malnutrition especially reduction of underweight while MDG 4 focuses on child health and immunization. MDG 5 is concerned with maternal and reproductive health. The health aspects covered in MDG 6 include malaria, tropical diseases, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS.
The seventh millennium development goal covers water and sanitation. Global health priorities emerge from the MDGs. Some health concerns are confined to some regions but due to huge socioeconomic burden they exert on communities, they qualify to be regarded as global health concerns. Other health priorities include universal health coverage and access to essential medicines in all countries, healthcare for people living with disabilities, and prevention and control of non communicable diseases.
Reduction of childhood health problems is a universal priority. The emphasis is on childhood malnutrition and immunization. Other childhood diseases are also covered. Immunization is among the most effective ways of reducing childhood diseases and mortality (WHO, 2013). WHO has setup a global vaccine action plan to ensure worldwide access to immunization services.
The aim of the program is to ensure that vaccines are availed to both privileged and underprivileged communities at the same time. Child underweight is associated with maternal underweight. An underweight mother is likely to give birth to an underweight infant. Therefore, WHO advocates for weight and nutritional monitoring during the antenatal period. Diligent management of other childhood conditions and illnesses like diarrhoea is necessary for future national development.
Maternal mortality remains one of the greatest concerns of the WHO and member states. This is captured in MDG 6 which envisages improved maternal health and reduction of maternal mortality.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To achieve this, WHO requires mothers to attend antenatal clinic at least four times. It further advises that mothers should deliver in the presence of skilled birth attendants. Maternal health has a great effect on the health of an infant. Reproductive health services also contribute to improved quality of life. The World Health Organization has asked governments and other agencies concerned with maternal health to provide essential equipment and drugs to support maternal and child health.
Water and sanitation is a huge health concern. At the moment, over 1.1 billion people in the world cannot access clean water (WHO, 2013). This poses a great danger to the affected communities. There are several diseases that are associated with poor sanitation and dirty water. It is the hope of the World Health Organization that all communities will access safe water and sanitation services in the near future.
Malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are among the leading causes of preventable deaths. HIV/AIDS is a manageable disease yet it still causes huge socioeconomic burdens to communities and individuals (Chipeta, Schouten, Aberle-Grasse, 2004). The WHO has prioritized programs geared towards prevention and control of these diseases.
References Chipeta, J., Schouten, E., Aberle-Grasse, J. (2004). HIV Prevalence and Associated Factors. Retrieved from .
World Health Organization. (2013). The World health statistics 2013. Web.
Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal essay help free
Abstract The aim of this paper is to give legislators recommendation for the new bill that seeks to increase the term by double for criminals sentenced for armed robbery. Despite the state legislature argument that the bill is popular the prime question should be will the bill act as a deterrent to armed robberies? It is hard to conclude on the right recommendation in a society that believes on the adage that ‘’do the crime, do the time’’.
The effectiveness of the bill if it passes into law is hard to define if it will deter crime to offenders and potential offenders. Robbery is a crime of stealing by use of threats or force. It is also referred to as larceny. Where the offender uses a weapon inflicting injury on the victim the offender is charged as armed robbery or aggravated robbery (Schmalleger, 2012).
Armed robbery is rampant in the United States hence becoming a major concern for the society, legislature, and criminal justice system. Armed robbery is punished as a capital offense; however, sentencing is depended on several variables such as state laws and procedures, past crime record, if state has diversion program or even if there are any sentencing improvements.
This bill should seek to address crime reduction is the United States and not just a bill to deter crime. The bill will get to root cause of crime and project where crime is headed today in the United States of America. Research might bring secondary solutions that might help curb the situation and have outcomes that are more successful (Schmalleger, 2012).
In many states, the out practice has discouraged habitual crime but in others, it has had no effect. For instance, in Lincoln, Nebraska there are several inmates with more than five hundred arrests. In other states, habitual criminals spend years in prison only to get out and commit yet another crime ending up in prison again.
Although there is no warranty that this bill once passed into law will deter crime however, there are recommendations that once implemented can be of use to both society and criminals.
A strict code of conduct should be set for the convicted and those who follow and demonstrate ability to live by it once but there can be released. These procedures include behaviour modification, vocation training and education, counseling, work experience, proper nutrition and exercise. These procedures will ensure that convicts are rehabilitated rather than being incarcerated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The rehabilitation methods to be proposed in this bill include behaviour modification, training, education and vocation, work experience and proper nutrition and exercise. In some places where rehabilitation has been implemented it had failed due to lack of cogent method of implementation.
Presently, many prisoners just eat, watch TV, lift weights, and do little work. Many spent their time in the cold cells. The question that remains in many people’s minds what is the fete of those who will eventually be released. What is the recidivism rate of the prisoners if convicted? This bill should address these major goals (Schmalleger, 2012).
To many citizens and members of the state legislature, the bill should pass the clean bill of health. In the society, robbery criminals should perish in prison cells without light of the day. However, the prime goal of every judicial system and prison system is to correct and rehabilitate the convicts into good citizens so that once they are out they can serve their country patriotically. The theory and adage that do crime more time is retrogressive and time barred.
The disparity in judicial sentencing in the judicial system. This disparity is variations and equities resulting when convicted of same crime are given different sentences whether in the same State or in a different state (Schmalleger, 2012).
This disparity is unfair. There should be equal sentence for same crime. The judicial system should thus create a scorecard that is to be used when delivering sentences. This score should cut across all states and all judges. In this respect, I would wish the bill to accommodate the recommendation that all crimes receive same punishment.
Probation is allows an offender to get another chance. It can be given in addition to the normal jail term. It allows an offender to join his community with supervision from his/her probation officer. The probation officer sets the terms such as classes, curfews, and monitoring.
This is a well thought out recommendation, as it is not every offender is a repeat offender (Schmalleger, 2012). We cannot lay a blanket judgement that all are capable of doing a repeat offense that is what this bill seeks to achieve. Where a first time offender gets double maximum prison term by just committing their first crime, this will seem like the system doesn’t want them o prove themselves. This is not a good point on part of the offender.
We will write a custom Proposal on Prison Term Policy Recommendation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Parole is a recommendation where an offender sentenced to jail has the ability to get another chance of redeeming himself. It involves amnesty to those who have displayed good habits and frequently reports to the authority (Schmalleger, 2012).This recommendation will help in cutting down tax payers money spend on offenders besides giving offenders room for reformation and correction to patriotic citizens. In this regard, the bill should not pass the clean bill of health on the floor of the house.
Reference Schmalleger, F. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction. (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Biological Criminal Behaviour Essay best essay help: best essay help
Over the years, crime rate has been on the rise. The increase in crime rate has resulted in criminal behaviours becoming one of the world’s biggest challenges. Most governments have invested heavily in measures to combat crime, but at times, the investments resulted in no effect or have had little effect.
The failed efforts have prompted research about the root causes of criminal behaviours in hominids. The outcomes of the analytic studies have attributed criminal actions to genetics, psychology, and environmental factors.A child brought up in an environment with high crime cases may have his or her morals corrupted. Children living in a drug-infested zone tend to engage in drugs-related criminal actions because of peer influence (Alper, 1995).
The biological composition of an individual is also one of the major determinants of a person’s behaviour. In some families, the insanity has been identified to be hereditary and the genes causing insanity transfer along a family line. Some people also tend to be naturally antisocial so their intended thoughts or actions may be camouflaged. This poses a serious threat as they at times end up committing a crime without an indication (Alper, 1995).
In various cases, insanity has been used as a defence against criminal actions. This has also led to the intervention of psychiatrists, to determine the mental condition of criminals. In various federal states, the law postulates the mental status of a criminal or offender to be a cogitated factor in determining criminal responsibility. An example of such a law is the Anglo–American law, which avers that a lunatic cannot be held legally responsible for a crime committed while in an unstable mental state (Huckabee, 2000).
Initially, the insane plea laws had been lenient as the defendant just required to prove beyond doubt that at the time of the crime, he or she remained insane. Over time, the various standards and laws set to determine the sanity of an individual have been determined to have a loophole that has enabled criminals to go unpunished. This has cost many families their loved ones besides even the United States of America losing key leaders (Huckabee, 2000).
In a case study about the death of President Reagan, Hicnkley was acquitted of the shooting. This led to condemnation from the public, prompting a revision of the insanity plea edict to avoid criminals from avoiding punishment. The revisions of the law helped reduce criminal impunity.
Furthermore, the revision catered for the rights of those who killed unwillingly or because of insanity. A psychological disorder affecting John may have prompted him to shoot Reagan and the other officials. John later claimed to have done it as a way of expressing affection for Foster (Huckabee, 2000).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The United States of America government in combating these crimes introduced laws where one could be declared guilty but mentally ill thus have to receive mental treatment through institutionalisation. After institutionalisation, offenders are taken to a facility that helps them correct behaviour.
On the other hand, if a person is acquitted of insanity, he or she has to be released once it has been determined that he is of no harm to the public. Though factors like the environment and a person’s upbringing contributes to criminality, biological composition stands also as a key factor contributing to criminality. Individuals with genes that predispose them to crime should be treated through ways that discourage the replication of bad genes.
References Alper, J. S. (1995). Biological influences on criminal behaviour: How good is the evidence? British Medical Journal, 310(6975), 272-273.
Huckabee, H. M. (2000). Mental disability issues in the criminal justice system. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas Publishers Ltd.
The Ways of Greenhouse Gases Reducing Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
List of References
Introduction Global warming is a global problem that has raised a lot of concern. This issue has attracted attention of many researchers with the aim of finding ways of address it. The environment is vital for human survival. Both plants and animals entirely depend on the environment for growth and development.
Casper (2010, p. 94) argues that since the days of industrial revolution, the environment and its resources have greatly been threatened. Industries have been reported to affect the environment at a very high rate. This is because of the high levels of greenhouse gases emitted from these industries. This situation is worsened by the fact that now many nations are developing and there is a rising level of industrialization.
The concentration of greenhouse gases in the environment is increasing on daily basis. Carbon sinks have been cleared with the increase of the high demanding population across nations. Epstein (1990, p. 121) points out that effects of global warming are evident and felt with serious damages to nations. For example, many nations are suffering from frequent floods, droughts, tornadoes, poor and unequal rainfall patterns, and many other effects resulting from global warming.
Among the developed nations, the United States and China lead in emission of the greenhouse gases and hence frequently suffer from the effect of the same. The developing countries are equally emitting high levels of greenhouse gases in their quest to develop. These emissions however produced from different nations have a global impact.
According to Ramseur and Yacobucci (2008, p. 112), the environment as said earlier is very useful for sustaining human life. For people to continue enjoying the environmental resources the environment should therefore be conserved and its resources harvested sustainably. This paper seeks to explore the ways in which greenhouse gases can be reduced to curb global warming.
Discussion With an effort to address global warming, many suggestions and ways have been raised to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Efforts to reduce greenhouse gases and avoid global warming are not a one man’s or one nation’s duty. There is need for nations to collaborate.
A participatory approach where every member of the society is involved can be very effective. Many ways can be employed to reduce emission of greenhouse gases. The governments should enact and implement policies that are geared towards reducing emissions of the greenhouse gases. These policies should strictly encourage a Zero emission of greenhouse gases. If an industry has to emit either of the greenhouse gases, a fixed level of emission that is harmless to the environment should be stated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The government should ensure that such industries, companies, and businesses report publicly on their carbon emissions. This will make the companies to be extra careful not to emit or exceed the required emission levels. Low- carbon technologies should be encouraged in all sectors to reduce greenhouse gases emission.
This may be achieved by the government offering some donations to its citizens to install low-carbon technologies like use of solar energy. A nation may also apply principles like the polluter pay principle where a company or an individual pays a certain fee for polluting the environment. Industries may be forced to pay equally to the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the environment.
This will help in making the companies and the public to be more responsible and careful in handling their emissions and other wastes. According to Casper (2010, p. 78), Carbon sinks such as forests have been cleared for agricultural purposes to provide for the needs of the daily increasing population.
Nations should create awareness to the public on the need to have small families. The importance of forests should as well be explained to communities. By so doing, these communities will consequently conserve the forests.
This will highly contribute in reducing the concentration levels for greenhouse gases. There is need for nations to encourage companies and people within the communities to practice recycling and re-use of items. Things like polythene bags may be recycled. This reduces the accumulation of such polythene bags into the environment thereby reducing the amount of emissions when they are burnt as wastes in the environment.
According to Ramseur and Yacobucci (2008, p. 78), there are many other ways although not put into consideration by many nations that can help in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases effectively.
These may include holding energy management awards, rewarding companies with zero or less emission, promoting carbon-trading, rewarding communities with well-conserved forests among others. These factors motivates companies and communities to work hard towards ensuring that they do not ,engage in ,activities that in any way leads to the emission of greenhouse gases. All these factors when applied results to a greenhouse gases free nation, thereby curbing global warming and its impacts.
We will write a custom Essay on The Ways of Greenhouse Gases Reducing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The discussion above clearly points out that environment is a source of livelihood for many lives. Reducing greenhouse gases is very important in ensuring that this environment is protected in order to ensure its sustainability. The greenhouse gases have serious negative consequences to the environment. The impact is long lasting and devastating. If not addressed properly, this issue may create a permanent negative impact on the environment.
List of References Casper, J 2010, Greenhouse gases: Worldwide Impacts, Facts on File, New York.
Epstein, J 1990, Controlling the greenhouse effect: Five global regimes compared, Brookings Institution, Washington.
Analysis of Article: “Where is Culture in Cross Cultural Research?” Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Title of the article: Fischer, R. (2009). Where is culture in cross cultural research? An outline of a multilevel research process for measuring culture as a shared meaning system. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 9(1), 25-49.
Summary of the article The article entails a comprehensive analysis on how firms’ management teams can measure culture in order to be effective in their cross cultural management practices. The author has achieved this by incorporating various multilevel approaches ( Fischer, 2009). The author has also outlined the various meaning of the word culture.
One of the dimensions that the author has focused on relates to the shared value system. Moreover, the author has outlined a research framework that HR managers can use in the process of measuring and assessing various cross cultural variables. The author has emphasized on the importance of considering culture as a collective construct.
In an effort to illustrate how culture can be measured, the author has integrated two main models which include the equivalence and organizational research models. Additionally, the author has emphasized on the importance HR managers undertaking a comprehensive analysis of culture both at an individual and national level. The author has highlighted the importance of cross cultural differences in enhancing organizational success.
For example, the article has illustrated how culture impacts the behavior and attitude of employees. Barak (2011) asserts that failure to manage cultural differences can hinder organizational sharing which is paramount in firms’ effort to attain the desired level of synergy (Einarsen, Hoel, Zapf
Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Self-defense abortion is a highly controversial moral issue that is open to different interpretations and definitions. It is unacceptable to Christians and pro-life activists. However, liberals and groups such as politicians and medical practitioners have different interpretations. Acceptance of self-defense abortion can be based on the doctrine of utilitarianism (Boonin 35).
Utilitarianism holds that individuals should make decisions that have beneficial outcomes and that do not promote suffering and pain (Shaw 64). As such, self-defense abortion is acceptable because it promotes the wellbeing of a mother who decides to abort. In addition, it protects the mother from danger and avoids exposing the unborn baby to future pain and suffering.
The practice has been debated for a long time among medical practitioners, religious leaders, law experts, and human rights activists. However, they have not reached a consensus. Self-defense abortion is moral and permissible because it protects mothers from risks of physical and non-physical harm.
Background information Self-defense abortion is performed when conception occurs due to rape or incest, when the health of a mother is in danger, or when a mother is not willing to deliver the baby because of possible emotional or traumatic experiences she might possibly experience after delivery (Boonin 37). According to the utilitarian doctrine, there is no absolute right or wrong. The moral value of an action or act is solely determined by the outcome (Shaw 68).
A proponent of utilitarianism would first consider the question whether abortion would result in favourable outcomes or not. According to the doctrine, abortion is right in case a mother’s life is in danger, the mother is unable to take care of the baby financially or if the baby is malformed (Shaw 71). In addition, it is acceptable in case a baby’s birth would endanger either the physical or the mental well-being of the mother. Abortion is also permissible if birth of a baby would cause conflict among family members.
Non-physical harm Abortion is moral and permissible if a fetus exposes the mother to risk of non-physical harm. Several situations validate acceptance of abortion as a necessary method of preserving the well-being of a mother. These include potential damage to the mother’s mental health, financial prospects, career, or family plans (Davis 177).
If birth of a child interferes with these aspects of a mother’s life, then abortion is permissible. Under these situations, self-defense abortion ignores arguments presented by religious leaders and biologists that a fetus has a right to live because even though small, it is a human being (Davis 178). It is unethical to allow a fetus to develop if a mother’s mental health is in danger.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mother’s health is priority and if birth of the child would affect her health or life quality, then abortion is permissible. Two utilitarian philosophers, Bentham and Stuart Mill, taught that by following the utilitarian doctrine, individuals should yearn for creation or increment of happiness (Shaw 78). Bentham provided a definition of happiness as presence of pleasure and absence of pain.
Emotional, psychological, and mental disturbances are common outcomes of pregnancies from rape or incest. Abortion is permissible in case of rape or incest because a woman would be unable to live with guilt and shame of raising an incestuous child or a child from a rape ordeal (Davis 183).
If a woman was forced to have a child against her will, then she has a right to abort. On the other hand, the woman may not want the child or may not have financial ability to care for the child. Therefore, the baby would suffer because it would lack motherly love and care. Instead of exposing the child to a harsh life without love and care, it is better to abort it.
Physical harm Abortion is also permissible if a fetus puts the mother in physical danger. For example, ectopic pregnancies put the mother’s life in danger of death if the fetus is not removed (Huffman 287). Ectopic pregnancy occurs when conception takes place in other places such as the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
Medical practitioners usually recommend chemical abortions to women who experience ectopic pregnancies. Research has found out that those women who experience ectopic pregnancies usually die because of health complications that develop during development of the fetus (Huffman 288). Utilitarianism denies the argument that abortion is evil. Instead, it maintains that if an outcome is pleasurable or brings greater good, then it is justified (Shaw 76).
Utilitarianism holds that the end justifies the means. According to utilitarianism, a woman may abort under any circumstance or for any reason given that the outcome of the abortion brings happiness or promotes a greater good (Huffman 291). If self-defense abortion brings happiness to a woman, then a utilitarian would consider it justified and acceptable.
Objections Opponents argue that despite the life of a mother being in danger of physical or non-physical harm, self-defense abortion is immoral, unethical, and impermissible. Even though it aims to protect the mother, it kills the unborn baby. Opponents present several arguments to validate the immoral nature of abortion.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More First, they argue that a fetus is a human being that has a right to live (McDonagh 49). Therefore, killing a fetus to alleviate a mother’s future suffering contradicts values of compassion and respect for human life. Rape and incest are not good enough reasons to allow abortion.
In addition, abortion is associated with stigmatization that makes life difficult for mothers (McDonagh 50). It exposes women to risk of developing emotional and psychological complications because of discrimination in the society. In many societies, women who abort are considered evil and outcasts. It is difficult for such women to live with guilt of killing in communities where they are discriminated and segregated.
To avoid such consequences, self-defense abortion should not be allowed because it has severe consequences on mothers. However, consequences of allowing birth of an unwanted baby are more severe. Research has shown that women who abort willingly do not develop emotional or psychological disturbances later in life. In addition, unwanted children go through a lot of suffering and hardship because their mothers abandon them later in life (McDonagh 54).
Second, they argue that abortion has severe health consequences on involved women. It causes irreparable damages to the mother. Research has revealed that abortion can affect a woman’s ability to give birth after an abortion. Examples of long-term effects of abortion include miscarriages, stillbirths, low birth-weight babies, and infertility (McDonagh 57).
On the other hand, procedures carried out during abortion expose mothers to several health complications that risk their lives and well-being. These include tearing of the cervix, fever and peritonitis, uterus perforation, thrombosis, and risk of infection during blood transfusion (McDonagh 59).
Other risks include increased possibility of tubal pregnancy and death from hemorrhage. These complications have been reported in cases where unqualified individuals conducted abortion. Abortions that are conducted by certified and experienced practitioners are safe and few cases of complications have been reported. Opponent’s arguments are not strong enough to explain why a mother should be exposed to harm by failing to conduct an abortion.
Conclusion Abortion is a contemporary moral issue that is unacceptable in many societies. Self-defense abortion takes place in cases where birth of a child puts the life of the mother at risk of either physical or non-physical danger. In addition, it is acceptable in some societies on basis that a woman has a right to chose what is best for her. The utilitarianism doctrine holds that individuals should perform acts whose consequences result in beneficial outcomes.
From that definition, self-defense abortion is allowed if it results in gratifying outcomes that avoid painful consequences. It is permissible and ethical to save a mother from physical harm such as death, and non-physical harm such as mental, emotional, or psychological disturbances. Self-defense abortion saves many women from physical, emotional, and psychological suffering. Opponents argue that abortion is unacceptable and immoral.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They argue that self-defense abortion is murder and a fetus has a right to life. In addition, they argue that it exposes women to health complications such as sterility and miscarriages in future pregnancies. However, they ignore the fact that consequences of allowing birth of an unwanted baby are more severe than aborting it. Therefore, self-defense abortion is acceptable and permissible.
Works Cited Boonin, David. A defense of Abortion. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Print.
Davis, Nancy. Abortion and Self-defense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 13.3 (2002): 175-207. Print.
Huffman, Tom. Abortion, Moral Responsibility, and Self-Defense. Public Affairs Quarterly 7.4 (2003): 287-302. Print.
McDonagh, Eileen. Breaking the Abortion Deadlock: From Choice to Consent. London: Oxford University press, 2004. Print.
Shaw, William. Contemporary Ethics: Taking Account of Utilitarianism. New York: John Wiley
The Great Depression: A Diary Essay essay help
The Great Depression: A Diary is James Ledbetter’s and Daniel Roth’s edited version of Benjamin Roth’s personal diary that he wrote during the financial crisis of the 1930s. Being a lawyer with a wife and three kids, Roth experienced the major financial crisis of his life. Until today, historians have not wrapped their mind on matters that relate to the depression of 1930-1940, and why the crisis took that long.
As a lawyer, Roth documented the confessions from his clients and that of his friends to his journal for 10 years. According to these confessions, it is evident that everyone in all lines of businesses was struggling to earn a living (Ledbetter and Daniel 88). With the prices of everything going down, bank savings getting frozen, tenants being unable to pay rent, and just everyone struggling to survive, it is obvious that the economists of the 1930s had messed up some things along the way.
Having taken so long to retain the economic status of Ohio, it was Roth’s conclusion that neither the government nor the economists were any good. He had stopped believing in anything the government said; all he heard were depressing concerns from his clients, friends, and people around him. All businesses were getting worse; people had given up on the government in reviving the economic condition, and some people lost everything in their quest to look for safer forms of investment.
Given that his job depended on the financial stability of others, Roth was caught up in a crisis that would only be solved by venturing into other investments. Just like many people, he had ideas on how to invest safely, but had no money to do so. Though there are various theories mentioned that explains the cause of the crisis, Roth clearly insists on concerns about the war that was approaching as the major interruption that affected the intervention of the government in reviving the economy, and the stock market (Ledbetter and Daniel 201).
The book is an episode that entails the events that uncovered during the most fascinating era of the American history. For this, the book fails to entertain the readers as all the happenings documented are depressing. However, this was not the intention of Benjamin Roth as he only wrote this in his journal as a reminder of how hard times were, but it was his son Daniel who took it upon himself to published the diary as a book.
The book covers very little on the normal lifestyle of the people in Youngstown before the crisis; all that it documents are the hardships that describe Ohio as a hopeless place to live. With the current form of leadership, there are great lessons to be learnt from these events that took place decades ago. Having struggled for years to bring prosperity back, Roth understands how government policies and politics affect the future.
Having lived through this crisis, the book offers sincere and factual causes of the great depression, the hardships, and prices people had to pay to survive. The book is recommended for everyone as it documents events that took place in the 1930s that might be handy in getting ready for such crisis. It is an eye opener to those that are facing the current financial crisis as it holds a historic value that helps in avoiding the repetition of the mistakes that were made decades ago.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Ledbetter, James, and Daniel Roth. The Great Depression: A Diary. 1st ed. 2009. New York: Perseus Books Group. Print.
A Discussion on Bureaucracy essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
In recent years, it is clear that the focus of many management scholars and managers have been to depict the concept of bureaucracy as unacceptable in modern-day environment.
Most notably, it is argued that bureaucracy is inflexible, reduces organizational efficiency, and is therefore completely unsuited to today’s rapidly shifting world (Grey 2013). The general trend, therefore, has been to replace bureaucracy with flexible organizations that are viewed as more suitable for our increasingly fast-changing business environment. The present paper purposes to assess this view, with the objective of demonstrating that bureaucracy is still relevant in modern-day environment.
One of the reasons proposed for adopting modern paradigms of management (post-bureaucracies) is that they stimulate creativity and innovation by allowing people to act on the basis of shared values than rules (Grey 2013).
While such a predisposition has borne fruits for companies such as Google and Yahoo, it cannot escape mention that lack of rigid rules in organizations was substantially to blame for financial crisis that rocked the world in 2008-2009, and also for the subsequent downfall of big corporations such as the Lehman Brothers, Enron and the Bank of Scotland.
A critical analysis demonstrates that non-hierarchical, personally focused and trust-based organizations reminiscent of post-bureaucracies played a substantial role in triggering the banking bubble that led to the financial crisis.
Another reason progressed by pundits of the post-bureaucracy paradigm is that the bureaucratic approach is dehumanizing and degrading to employees. In attempting to supplant bureaucracy, these pundits argue modern-day flexible organizations should always ensure that responsibilities are assigned on the basis of competence for tasks rather than hierarchy, and that employees should be treated fairly as individuals rather than impersonally (Grey 2013).
However, previous research done on companies such as Nippon CTV (utilizes new forms of management such as lean production, just-in-time approach etc) and ValleyCo (uses traditional practices) found substantial similarity between ‘traditional’ and ‘new’ forms of working in things such as employee treatment and participation, task assignment and hierarchy (Grey 2013). This evidence demonstrates that bureaucracy is still implemented in modern-day organizations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moving on, advocates of modern-day flexible firms argue that “post-bureaucracy does away with the turgid old nonsense about impersonality, yearly promotions and fixed salary scales in favor of individual treatment where reward is based on merit” (Grey 2013, p. 84). These are noble virtues for any organization, but implementing them boils down to the fact some rules must first be put in place to determine, for instance, how employees will be rewarded and which measure will be used.
Consequently, it is evident that bureaucracy must be present for flexible firms to be able to operate efficiently and effectively. If these so called flexible organizations fail to adopt bureaucracy to implement practices, they will certainly dysfunction as fairness, consistency and transparency will not be achieved (Grey 2013).
The last reason deals with change management. While it is evident that bureaucratic organizations have been overly accused of resisting change efforts, it should not escape mention that the so called flexible organizations equally resist change.
Indeed, there has been a misconceived perception that post-bureaucracies respond quickly to change and therefore are more efficient by virtue of being faster than bureaucracies. Another misconception is that change is a new concept and therefore modern organizations need to be flexible enough to deal with the fast-changing environment (Grey 2013).
However, the truth is that change has been there since time immemorial and organizations using the ‘old’ approaches encountered shifts in the environment in as much as modern-day organizations are encountering. To drive this point home, research demonstrates that over 70% of change efforts implemented by the so called flexible organizations result in failure (Grey 2013).
In conclusion, therefore, it can be said that bureaucracies are still relevant in modern-day environment and the solution for the increasingly fast-changing environment cannot be found in the adoption of flexible organizations. Rather, managers must adopt the technical efficiency provided by bureaucracy and then attempt to align their firms with factors both internal and external of the organization’s environment.
Reference Grey, C 2013, A very short, fairly interesting and reasonably cheap book about studying organizations, 3rd edn, Sage, London
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How war is depicted in films of different generations Essay best college essay help
There is a sharp contrast in the manner in which war is portrayed when comparing old generation and new generation movies. These differences are attributed to changes in technology and the tactics employed to tackle war. The general perception of war has also contributed to this contrast, taking an example of the movies; “Top Gun” a war movie produced in 1960s and released in 1986, and “Taxi to the Dark Side” produced in 2003 and released in 2007, to illustrate these differences.
In the 1960s, war was depicted as a measure of sovereign might and power. In the “Top Gun”, Maverick, a naval aviator lieutenant, develops a reckless flying habit because he is angered by his father’s death during the Vietnam War (Top Gun 1965). He does this to prove he might and even differs from fellow military men. He also engages in combat with every person who differs with his personal opinion.
Although, Maverick is considered the finest fighter pilot in the world, he finally leaves the Navy and goes on to fight its top command. This causes a great rift between him and the Navy. Nevertheless, he is sought after later since he is the only person with the expertise to rescue a stricken communication ship. This justifies his course of war, and the indispensable powerful personality. This portrayal can be as a result of just having come from the World War II, where the most powerful nation was the one with the best military prowess (Taxi to the Dark Side 2007).
On the contrast, new generation war movies portray war as a justified action taken to protect its citizens or help fight a social vice as portrayed in “Taxi to the Dark Side”. An innocent taxi driver is tortured to death by the United States military personnel in their quest to extract valuable information about terrorists who had attacked the states. Although innocent, the military personnel take no heed to the driver’s cry of innocence. This depicts the extent to which the military is committed in rooting out terrorism.
They are determined to employ even the dirtiest tactic including assault and torture of detainees. These movies focus on the root cause of war unlike the earlier show of military supremacy, this change can be attributed to the establishment of human rights and civilian organizations which were not there in 1960s. The two generations are both against unwarranted wars between states which may expose innocent civilians to inhuman conditions and only advocate for war when there is a genuine threat to be eradicated (Top Gun).
A clear similarity between the two generations in the production of the war movies is that, in both cases, war is employed as the last resort of dispute resolution. In the earlier case, lieutenant Maverick only resorted to war when there was no amicable resolution to the disagreement between him and the Navy led by Lieutenant Tom “Iceman” Kasansky (Top Gun).
In the second case, the United States military resolves to war as the only available option to fight terrorists believed to be hiding in Afghanistan. The innocent taxi driver is tortured to death because he fails to cooperate with the military. In the two periods, war is also associated with the elite in society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The civil populations in both cases are innocently affected by the war as in the case of Charlie and the beautiful lady in Top Gun, who pass on when Maverick and Kasansky engage in battle and the innocent taxi driver who is tortured to death in The Taxi to the Dark Side (Taxi to the Dark Side).
Works Cited Taxi to the Dark Side. Dir. Alex Gibney. Perf. Alex Gibney, Brian Keith and Allen Moazzam. New York: THINKFILM, 2007. Film.
Top Gun. Dir. Tony Scott. Perf. Tom Cruise, Kelly McGillis, Val Kilmer, Antony Edwards and Tom Skerrritt. California: Paramount Pictures, 1965. Film.