Gay marriage is indubitably the greatest civil rights issue facing the United States today. Despite the fact that gay activists have been able to get many influential people to back gay marriage, gay couples are still being discriminated in many states in the U.S. The President and vice president have come out openly supporting gay marriage but the U.S. lacks legal framework for ensuring that gay couples enjoy the same rights as people in heterosexual unions. This paper is an investigation of the civil-rights aspects of gay marriage.
The gay rights movement has been characterized by incidences that can be used to draw parallels with the civil rights movement for the rights of black people in America, which occurred in mid-twentieth century.
An example of such incidences include the Stonewall riots in which members of the gay community protested against police raids that had been carried out at The Stonewall Inn – a gay bar. This was the birth of gay activism in the U.S., and it occurred in the summer of the year 1969. Another incidence is the murder of Matthew Shepard in the year 1998.
Shepard was gay and his prosecutors linked his murder to the fact that he was gay. There have also been incidences of suicides and other issues that can be attributed to the reaction of gay people to the attitude of the public about homosexuality. It is however important to note that gay discrimination cannot equal the level of black discrimination that existed before the civil rights movement of the mid-twentieth century.
The gay civil rights movement has been particularly fuelled by the fact that there has been inequality between the property rights of heterosexually married couples and people in gay unions.
Inequality perse is itself an issue because the Constitution advocates for equality for all citizens. Gay activists have repeatedly argued that the laws that have been written against gay marriage are a violation of the Constitution because they deprive homosexuals of their freedom to get married to a person of their choice while allowing heterosexuals to do so.
They argue that by doing so, the people who wrote and passed those laws blatantly violated the promise of protecting the Constitution, and thus they violated civil rights. In addition to this, gay couples are not able to get spouse medical insurance like heterosexual couples in states where gay marriage is prohibited.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This implies that the right to equality, as enshrined in the Constitution, is violated. Gay couples are not recognized legally in the law of succession in states that have disallowed gay unions. It is also discriminatory for gay couples to be barred from hospital visitations and other rights like adoption of children and financial, legal and tax benefits of marriage. This is a violation of property rights, which should be enjoyed by all U.S citizens.
From the discussion above, it is apparent that the arguments presented by gay rights activists regarding the violation of their rights are valid. The Constitution advocates for equality of all but some laws have been developed favouring some religions by declaring the ban against gay marriage an act of protecting the sanctity of marriage. Denying homosexual people their social rights, property rights and other rights is a violation of the constitution.
Robert Wetzel classical guitar Report custom essay help
Robert Wetzel, a classical guitar player, has given several concerts, playing classical music by great composers. At one of his concerts, in Encinitas, California, he plays a classical composition by Isaac Albeniz (Robert Wetzel – Isaac Albeniz – Cordoba).
The way Robert Wetzel plays is very concentrated and unique. The sounds that the guitar produces are very melodic and much representative of the classical style. In the beginning of the composition, the melody and rhythms are slow but at the same time are not repeated.
There is great variety in the melody, so the listener does not know what to expect. This is an important attribute of a good composition, as it is very exciting, though calm and surprising. Then, the rhythm speeds up but the sound is still very much flowing and melodic.
While playing, Robert Wetzel seemed to be more focused on his finger placement than feeling of the music and playing from his heart. It is understandable that there are some complex transitions but all his attention is towards the guitar, instead of the audience, heart and music.
Another performance of Robert Wetzel was at Performing Arts Theatre at Cuyamaca College, El Cajon, California (Robert Wetzel – Luis Milan – “Pavanas V
History of the British Colonies Report (Assessment) cheap essay help: cheap essay help
New England and the Mid Atlantic regions had a different economic and government structures compared to other regions. Most of the colonies especially the ones located in the north were very rich in resources. They had an economic structure where they sold raw materials to their colonial master back in England.
Each state made its own contribution to the mercantilist system. But for the mid Atlantic regions their economies depended on crops. They grew wheat, flax, rye among other crops. They had a perfect climate for agriculture especially cultivation of grains. The colonies in the Mid Atlantic regions were commonly referred to as ‘the bread basket colonies’ because of their dependence and potential to produce grain.
On the contrary, the economies in New England regions experienced a different climate which could not support the cultivation of crops. The climate there was extremely cold and the soil unsuitable for crop farming. They experienced prolonged winter seasons. As a result, their economy was based on trade of fish, timber, and fur.
Another remarkable thing about the two regions was their tolerance to religion. One of the main reasons why people had to leave to the home countries to come to America was to search for freedom of religion (Gaustad and Schmidt 78). Puritans dominated the colonies in New England. They advocated for their style of worship. However, in the Mid Atlantic region there was diversity in religion. The region had Protestants, Catholics, and Quakers. It therefore became difficult for one religion to dominate in the region.
Figure 1: Image showing farming of Tobacco in Jamestown
The colonies in the Chesapeake region included Jamestown, Virginia, and Maryland. They were the colonies in the upper south while the Carolinas and Georgia were the colonies in the lower south. The economies of the colonies in the upper south depended on agriculture, docking ship, and fisheries.
The Chesapeake Bay had an ideal climate and soil for agriculture. Additionally, the bay had a port and shipping lane which was highly valuable for transportation of goods. Jamestown was the first successful colony within the upper south region. Its success was due to dependence on tobacco.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Virginia also flourished because it depended on tobacco as a cash crop. Their economies grew because of tobacco exports (Davidson 54). When rich white settlers came in, they bought huge tracks of land and began farming tobacco on the land. They used the services of African slaves to cultivate the crops. Enslaved Africans only became valuable to the rich land owners during the second part of the 17th century when they replaced Native Indians and white servants.
On the contrary, the colonies in the lower south depended on rice as cash crop. They exported the cash crop while importing other food to supplement the rice. They also used slaves to cultivate the rice. Due to rice being grown in swampy areas, the region became a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
As a result, mosquitoes became a huge problem for the dwellers because they transmitted deadly diseases. With regards to law and gender, adultery was a common cultural practice within the lower southern colonies. Most men could have a wife and a few mistresses by the side. The law also supported the idea of men having mistresses.
From the analysis above, the region that showed most potential was the Mid Atlantic region. This is because other regions depended on its products. It had an ideal climate and soil for growing grains.
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
Gaustad, Edwin Scott and Leigh Eric Schmidt. The religious history of America. San Fransisco: Harper, 2002. Print
Africans in America Report (Assessment) best college essay help
Africans in America is a history that is traced back to the 16th century. Many of the African American people in America are descendants of the people from Central and West Africa who had been enslaved by white farmers in America. The black people were forcibly taken as slaves and put to work in the farms and homes of the white people.
They were treated as inferior human beings. However many revolutions that occurred years later would liberate the black people from slavery. The first people who advocated for slavery were the Spanish who took black people from their colonies to work on their farms. The white men from Britain would follow suit and publicize the free labor they had found. This led to a growth in slave trade (Davidson Stevens 34).
With an increase in the demand for slaves many began being shipped to North America. This occurred between the 1600s and 1700 when there was a great demand. The slaves provided labor in the farms, mines and houses. Many people supported slavery while a few were against it.
The slaves were denied all the rights of a human being and would be treated as property. In the 1600s there was formation of companies that traded slaves (Davidson Stevens 34). The companies formed captured slaves in Africa. These slaves were bought by the settlers. There was an increase in the demand for free labor among the settlers in North America which led to an increase in the demand for slaves. The slaves were also forced to remain in slavery by the laws that had been created in America.
Slavery was most common in Virginia and the colonies in the south. This is attributed to the fact that Virginia was the first place to receive slaves. The first black slaves were brought to Virginia and the south thus making these places a stronghold for getting slaves. Another factor that contributed to slavery in the south is the way the laws were created such that slaves would become free.
This would only occur if a slave completed their contract or if they converted to Christianity. These favorable laws would attract more slaves to the south. The second major factor for growth of slavery in the south is the increase in the plantations in the south. This increase in plantations and mines required more labor thus an increase in the number of slaves demanded (John Franklin
The Itis Movie, the Tenth Episode of The Buddocks Essay (Movie Review) college essay help: college essay help
The tenth episode of The Buddocks, the Itis, reflects on the contemporary American themes, such as race, class, ethnicity, and gender, in an artistic manner presented throughout the TV series. In terms of the race challenge facing America in a modern day setting, the producer shows a picture of a divided society.
Despite impressive steps by various classes of the American society to curb racism, the show demonstrates a high-level hypocrisy that cripples such efforts. Ordinary American lifestyle captured as the punch line in the film illustrates the authenticity of the American dream of equality of races, as practiced by a majority of Americans.
The rap culture is predominantly African American, and the depiction of a gangster lifestyle equally shows the prominent perception that one race embraces barbaric culture. The scenes which contain violence, such as terrorism and use of disrespectful racial terminologies, affect the American population in the entire film (Bell, Kim and McGryder, 2006)
Class dominion is the main theme of the show with frequent infusions of white imperialism casting an apparent class divide. The main character’s interaction with the class issue illustrates the lifestyle divide evident between various strata of the American society. Huey and Riley belong to a lower class, and their lifestyles clearly and accurately demonstrate class discord in the society.
In the entire show, the illustration of the lifestyle in ghetto setting illuminates the actual standards of the lowest class as well as the challenges faced by those people. However, the film presents a section of a low class population grappling with the property-ownership related evictions. Corporate structure in the country demonstrates a powerful class of individuals that would stop at nothing until they achieved their profit intentions.
Ethnicity, as a dominant theme in the show, highlights the prejudice and discrimination elements, which ethnic relations present to the contemporary Americans. Internal wrangles between ethnic divides in the film illustrate the possibility of an elevated tension that emerges on various platforms. Unique cultural traits arise from various ethnic categories presented in the episode, including soul food obsession that Huey blames for the demise of his grandmother.
The role of Granddad as a community man with friends and family around him depicts the conditions that precipitate ethnicised tendencies. Granddad’s recipes used in the soul food tradition highlight the possible ethnic trademark, which other people like Huey easily use to mock in order to show emerging tension.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gender theme portrayal in the film captures a negative image of women in the society. Depiction of women in the ordinary American setting does not bring out the discord that the film highlights.
In painting a negative image of gender biases in the American society, the film illustrates the females as opportunistic party animals. Ordinary American women would assign blame to a gender insensitive society for having presented them as partying species. Granddad’s business flocks with beautiful women shown as flirts who take the opportunity to reap from party-loving men.
Negative eating habits emerge among the women in the film as the woman that attacks Granddad appears to be suffering from a nutrition condition. The woman fights against Granddad on grounds of causing her to put on weight; such a scene illustrates the challenges that feeding habits present to women. However, the women fighting for being equal reveal a gender struggle that still goes on in different ways in America today.
Reference Barnes, R., McGryder, A. (Writers)
Britain vs. America- How colonists won Report (Assessment) essay help free: essay help free
The war that led to the independence of the US was fought between 1775 and 1783. It is commonly referred to as the American Revolution. Thirteen American colonies came together to fight Britain to become an independent nation, USA. The war was long because Britain was the greatest nation in the world at that time. One year into the war, the thirteen colonies declared independence and separated from the colonialists and forged an alliance with France whose main role was to bring a military balance between the two fighting sides.
The complexity of the war was based on the fact that Americans were divided into three. Those who remained loyal to the King of Britain were loyalists, those who wanted independence were called patriots, and the others remained neutral. These divisions made it difficult for all the colonies to stand united against Britain.
The major cause of the revolution was Republicanism. Americans had established liberty that was enjoyed all citizens and Britain was opposed to it (Davidson 112). This was a supplement to the issue of Americans demanding to be enjoined through parliament in setting the taxes. The matter was regarded as an issue of representation and therefore people demanded to be consulted. The success of the thirteen colonies could b attributed to several factors.
The British failed to suppress Massachusetts. Britain valued the thirteen colonies because they were the richest and most developed in the whole Empire. The generals of Britain tactically failed to subdue Boston because of the strategy employed by the citizens. They formed a provisional government, trained militia groups, and set informers within the British Empire. They established the minute men system that was used in raising alarms. This structure was well coordinated and as such Britain could not infiltrate.
In Britain decided to engage in a combat with Boston in 1975 after all her political maneuvers had failed. This turned out to be disastrous as the minute men were very effeicient. Major John Pitcaim the man who led the mission failed miserably (Langguth 88). The Americans tasted victory when they launched a seemingly impossible mission during the Battle of Bunker Hill in Boston in 1777.
The structural organization of the Americans worked to their advantage. The war was coordinated by the Continental Congress that was headed by George Washington, a wealthy tobacco planter with military experience. As the commander in chief, he lost many battles against the well oiled British Army but won the most important one that was fought at the end.
The structure allowed unity to prevail through the ranks in the forces. Errors made by British Army allowed chances for the Continental Army to exploit. The Britons failed to develop a counter- revolutionary policy. They held assumptions that it was not a revolution and the rebels would finally be subdued. A policy that could have worked was brought in 1776. This was however very late and little could be done to salvage Britain whose boat had already sunk.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The decisive victory came in 1777 at Saratoga. The battalion that accompanied Burgoyne was unnecessarily large because it slowed the pace. This allowed the Americans to prepare before his arrival. His army men were running short of food at an alarming rate. Though inexperienced, Americans fought in a disciplined way, were sober, courageous, and quite regular in following commands.
It was not until October that the British commander formally surrendered. His men were disarmed, taken to Boston, and then others were sent home never to return to America. However, some redcoats were held hostage to be used in the combats in areas that still experienced war. France supplied money, ammunitions, and forged an alliance against Britain in support of the rebellious colonies.
Works Cited Davidson, James. U.S. A Narrative History. New York: McGraw Hill, 2012. Print.
Langguth, Andrew. The Men Who Started the American Revolution. New York: Simon
The Rebellion of American Colonies in the 18th Century Report (Assessment) essay help online
In the 18th century, North America had already been divided into 12 colonies. They stretched from New Hampshire in the west all the way down to South Carolina in the east. Before the struggle to independence, American colonies remained under the control of the England. King George III was the over ruler of the colonies as well as of England. But in 1776, the colonies came together and fought for their independence after rebelling against the British government (Davidson 90).
The rebellion was triggered by a number of reasons. The wanted to make their own laws, but the British government could not allow them. They realized that they could only make laws if they had a form of government which recognized their needs. Another reason for the political consciousness that led to the struggle for independence is that the colonies wanted to expand their markets to other counties.
They wanted to engage in trade partnership with other countries. However, the colonial government could not allow this to happen. In addition, the colonies were required to pay taxes to the colonial government. The taxes remitted were extremely high and this angered some of the colonies.
The rebellion began during the last decade to independence. Protest against the British government took center stage. A key event that took place took place during this time of the rebellion was the seven year war. The war involved several powerful regions of the world at that moment including Europe, North America India, and West Africa. The war was triggered by disputes of interests between the colonists and colonialists. Britain was able to emerge victorious in the war.
Another key event during this period of political consciousness was the stamp act of 1765. The British parliament back in England came up with a law requiring British colonies to produce printed materials that only have revenue stamps from London. The stamp was supposed to be embossed on newspapers, magazines, and legal documents.
The revenue collected on the printed documents was meant to pay the British troops that helped their country to win the seven day war. This law was met with resistance in most of the colonies. They argued that since they were not represented at the parliament when the law was being passed there was no need to support it. British manufacturers and merchants were also affected by this law and contributed to its resistance.
The third key event during this period of political rebellion was the tea party. In 1773, the British government made a law that required all the colonies to pay taxes on tea. The new law also required every colony to send all the taxes to England further aggravating the protest against the colonial government.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The colonists fought against this law and in 1773, the famous Boston tea party happened (Davidson). This was not a real party but a protest against the law to pay taxes on tea. The colonist invaded a British ship carrying tea and threw everything in the water. This event is one of the most common protests against the British government in the history of America.
The image below shows how Americans protesting the tea taxation invaded the ships and threw containers with tea into the water.
After the famous protest, rebellion against the colonial government became more pronounced. Meetings were held by representatives from every colony to discuss their problems and issues. The meetings prepared a revolution (Ferling 45).
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
Ferling, John. A Leap in the Dark: The Struggle to Create the American Republic. New York: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print.
Impact of World Financial Crisis on the UAE Economy Case Study cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP
Impact on the Employment Sector
Impact on the Banking Sector
Impact on the Real Estate Sector
Impact in the Tourism Sector
Introduction The economy of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the second largest in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It is also one of the rapidly growing economies in the world. In the last four decades, the economy has transformed from a poor country that depended on fishing, agriculture, and herding to a modern economy that boast of high per capita income and trade surplus (Nyarko, 2011, pp. 3-78).
The main industries that contribute to economic growth in UAE include tourism, oil, services, construction, and manufacturing. UAE’s economy is highly integrated with the world economy, thereby making it susceptible to exogenous shocks. This paper examines the impact of the recent global financial crisis on UAE’s employment, banking, real estate, and tourism sector.
UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP Prior to the global financial crisis, which began in 2007, the UAE enjoyed rapid growth in its gross domestic product (GDP). Figure 1 (in the appendix) shows the country’s GDP growth rate from 2005 to 2012. From 2003 to 2006, the country’s GDP grew at an average rate of 7% (Zaki
Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation Report scholarship essay help
Introduction Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation is a government agency that has been charged with the responsibility of providing safe, clean, and reliable energy supply to the United Arab Emirates from nuclear sources. Energy is vital to the development of the United Arab Emirates social and economic agendas.
The current power sources may not be sustainable in the long run due to the great energy demand. Energy demand in the United Arab Emirates is increasing at annual rate of approximately 9 percent, a figure that triples the global energy demand average of 3%. The estimated time span of ENEC is to provide power to the nation by the year 2017. Completion is expected to be achieved in the year 2020.
Due to the aforementioned reasons, this project will:
Examine the corporate governance strategies relevant for the privatization of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission.
To establish the difference privatization will bring to the company in terms of resources and manpower
To establish the feasibility of this undertaking in comparison to other companies that manage nuclear transmission such as Exelon in the United States.
To be able to set up the infrastructure, ENEC requires substantial amount of resources. Such projects also require excellent management skills to be undertaken successfully. The government may not provide the required resources adequately. This therefore calls for the involvement of the private sector. To avoid conflicts between the two sides, it is sensible to privatize the company i.e. reduce government influence significantly.
An example of a private company that has achieved success in providing nuclear energy is Exelon Company in the United States of America. The company deals with generation, transmission and delivery. The company supplies energy in 47 states and it further extends to Canada and Columbia. Its success lies in being the largest power generator with 34, 700 megawatts of power.
It also supplies electricity to over 6.6 million clients in the United States. The company recorded operating revenues of approximately $ 23.5 billion in the year ended 2012. The success of this company is also another factor that has prompted the study of the possibility of transforming Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission from a state owned firm to a private firm.
Information for this project will be gathered using qualitative means. Qualitative means in this case will focus on published material. To establish the objectives, data will be gathered from various online sources notably, the websites of the two companies. Information will also be gathered from various texts. The gathered data will then be processed i.e. coded appropriately.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Intent of the Project
This project aims to examine the corporate governance strategies that can be employed by the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission to achieve sustainable growth. This includes the proposed change of ownership and control i.e. from being privatization. This will be through examining corporate governance strategies that may work for the company. The project will examine various matters that form corporate governance, strategic management and planning. A conclusion will then be made based on the study of the above aspects.
Corporate Governance Corporate Values
Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission being a corporation, it should adhere to the principles of corporate governance. These principles deal with corporate matters such as code of conduct, professional ethics and general personal behavior. The key values of corporate that should be considered by the management and staffs of corporations include integrity, dependability, performance status, accountability, reputation and the dedication of the company towards attaining set goals and commitment. The company employees for the good of the organization should uphold these values. It is evident that a government due to various factors such as political influence and limited resources cannot achieve the above values comfortably.
Principles of governance are spread over a range of company issues. In the case of ENEC, the company is to be privatized therefore the management should focus on the principles regarding treatment of shareholders.
The relevant principles require the company to set up a platform for the development of an efficient corporate governance framework, recognize the rights of shareholders and distribute shareholders roles, treat shareholders equally, appreciate the roles of stakeholders in corporate governance, and provide relevant information with due diligence.
Setting up of a Corporate Governance Structure
Being a corporation, the management of ENEC should have in place an effective corporate governance structure. This means that the code of conduct, charter and other articles should reflect excellence in corporate governance. Training and development mechanisms should also be designed in a manner that allows for organizational growth and success.
The rights of shareholders and key ownership functions
Currently, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission is fully owned by the government of the United Arab Emirates. This means that all key ownership functions are conducted by the state. After privatization, the management will have to consider the rights of the incoming shareholders. For the company to be run effectively, all necessary information that should be made available to the shareholders should be availed at appropriate times such as at the annual general meeting.
Equitable treatment of shareholders
This principle aims at protecting minority shareholders. All shareholders should be treated equally by the organization. This is key and mandatory therefore the management of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission should consider it. Equitable treatment of shareholders helps to create investors confidence that may come in handy when the company will be seeking more funds for expansion and other related projects.
We will write a custom Report on Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Role of stakeholders in corporate governance
After privatization, there are likely to be more than one shareholder in the company. It is vital that the numerous shareholders be involved in the decision making process of the company. This is in an implied and stated law of the agreements therefore the board and management should uphold it.
Disclosure and Transparency
For privatization to be effected, the current management of the organization should take considerable care and reveal all the information necessary for the transaction to be effected. The private company afterwards is also required to do the same to the shareholders. The shareholders should have free access to relevant authentic information regarding the operations of the company. For instance, Exelon Company in the United States has been able to achieve success due to its transparency in disclosing information to its shareholders.
The Responsibilities of the Board
The organization should have an established corporate governance structure that will identify the roles and responsibilities of the board, management and other stakeholders. Among the things that should be outlined is the power of the management to avoid contradictions that may arise. It is vital to consider the powers of the stakeholders before the company makes any major decision.
Ethics and Behavior
An effective risk management programme requires an ethical and dependable decision making platform. All employees and stakeholders should adhere to the code of conduct strictly after implementation. This should be considered to ensure that the organization do not deviate from its moral and official limitations and obligations.
Strategic Management Responsibility Strategic management revolves around three aspects that are the corporation, board of directors and corporate governance.
The corporation: The Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission like other corporations, it has an established mechanism that allow raising of capital and improving manpower through various means such as through the proposed privatization. Capital is provided by shareholders who will invest in the company individually or as groups. The work force includes the staff and management who provide labor and expertise for the company. The aim of corporate governance will be to protect the weak especially minority shareholders.
Corporate governance functions will require three parties: shareholders who will be the owners of the company, directors who will ensure that the company assets are not misappropriated, and managers who will use the company assets to carry out company functions.
Furthermore, as required by corporate governance regulations, the company will uphold excellent board ethics, provide a controlled environment for company affairs to be carried out, always disclose relevant information in a transparent manner, ensure the shareholders rights are respected, and it will ensure that the board is commitment to achieve success.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, the company will ensure adherence to acceptable board practices such as establishing guidelines that will define the roles and authority of the management, ensure that each member of the board and management understands his/her roles to avoid conflicts and ensure that the composition of the board is sound and there is a mixture of skills.
Change of Ownership: Change of ownership and control of organizations creates confusion and agency problems if not handled well. This occurs especially when the new owners start to embark on new ventures that were initially not being pursued by the company.
Board of Directors
The board will be selected by the shareholders to represent the shareholders interests. In the strategic management process, the board has various functions such as
to monitor the development of the company and the influencing factors both within the company and outside the company, to act as advisors to the management on matters that may have been overlooked, and to evaluate the management’s proposals, decisions and actions and take the relevant decision i.e. agree or disagree. The board will also offers strategic advice to the company on matters that affect the company’s mission and vision.
The organization’s articles and bylaws will determine the composition of the board. There will be emphasis on separation of functions to enhance performance within the organization. Members of the board will include directors employed by the company and directors who may be employees of other entities, or people with interests in the company.
As a modern entity, the formed company will also embrace the modern trends in the composition of board of directors such as the inclusion of institutional investors in the board of directors. There will also be provision for ownership of stock by the executives and directors of a company. Furthermore, the board will be more inclined towards balancing the economic goals of the company and the social needs. For instance, Exelon takes part in many corporate social responsibility activities to the communities that receive their services.
Top Management The Chief Executive Officer will head the top management. The Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer and executive vice presidents will assist the Chief Executive Officer where applicable.
The top management will handle the strategic role of the company, as this will form its primary role. The role of the management will include making day-to-day decisions within the company and overseeing the daily activities. They will also offer strategic leadership i.e. think strategically and influence the other workers in creating a sensible future for the organization.
The functions relevant for the strategic management of the company will include designing strategic options for the company, act as role models for the other people in the organization to follow, and to enhance the performance of the organization by coordinating and integrating the functions of the various departments in the organization. The top management will also be directly involved in the handling of stakeholders.
Handling of stakeholders will be done based on the various principles that govern the management-stakeholder relationship. These are the management should respond to the concerns of shareholders i.e. their voice should also be heard during decision-making, the management should also implement policies that cover the concerns of stakeholders. The stakeholders should therefore find the practices easy to work with incase they want to air their grievances or contributions.
Moreover, the management will adopt mechanisms that will address the concerns of the shareholders irrespective of where they are located, appreciate the relationship between the efforts and rewards of the stakeholders i.e. there should be fair distribution of burdens, rewards and risks among the stakeholders.
The managers will also ensure good working relations with other entities with an aim of minimizing risks. Risk management in this case tries to reduce the effects of risks in case they occur. There will be avoidance of activities that may jeopardize the company’s relationship with the stakeholders. Managers will also appreciate potential conflicts that may arise between (a) amongst themselves as corporate stakeholders, and (b) between the managers and stakeholders in view of legal and moral obligations that exist between them.
Strategic Planning A strategy is a future: oriented plan practiced at a large scale. The strategies will help in the achievement of company goals through interaction with the environment within and outside the organization and in setting the platform for managerial decisions to be made and implemented. Moreover, the strategies will help on testing the readiness of the company in dealing with competition.
Strategic management will help in setting decisions and actions that will help in the achievement of the company’s objectives. Strategic management will also be vital in areas such as formulating the company’s mission, conducting SWOT analysis, assessing the environmental factors, evaluating the preparedness of the company with regard to other external factors and in decision making with regard to achieving the company’s mission.
Conclusion The above strategic measures are necessary for ENEC to achieve success like Exelon. However, to achieve the above substantial resources will be consumed by the company in terms of work force and funds. There is great demand for energy in the United Arab Emirates that if well harnessed, could be a potential source of profits for the company.
The most suitable step will be for the company to privatize their operations due to the perceived benefits it may gain. Furthermore, as indicated earlier government commissions are affected by politics thereby affecting their operations.