Fundraising And Marketing In Nonprofit Organizations Coursework College Application Essay Help

In marketing terms, a firm that is unable to promote itself is unlikely to sell their products or services no matter how good they are. Thus, organizations always actively ensure that public awareness of their merchandise is present.

The most basic form of marketing for fundraising programs can just involve using fliers and broadcasting announcements while in other cases may need more intense marketing to promote the products to the targeted audience. Good marketing campaigns aid in promoting programs undertaken by the organization in addition to the fundraising activities thus creating an awareness of the organization to the public.

This paper thus attempts to demonstrate the interlocking objectives existing between fundraising and marketing promotions by nonprofit organizations.

Marketing Promotions for Fundraising Although marketing promotions can involve much expense expended, non-profit organizations generally seek gratuitous publicity or those offered at subsidized fees. These promotions though are initiated from within the organizations core group who can be relied upon to be more aggressively involved in marketing the organization.

Promotions are also decisive in arousing the proper interest to the targeted attendees to enlist others enjoin the campaign. Thus, the fundraising campaign must be well planned with concise unambiguous ideas and goals while acknowledging that a well-marketed event is critical to worthwhile fundraising.

Nevertheless, informal personal reports involving diverse stakeholders fanned by friends and acquaintances pushes the fundraising agenda further than formal pronouncements in the mainstream media. Upgrading and maintaining close amity within the cycle can thus have greater impact on the campaign.

This entails keeping the nonprofits contributors updated on the events that have been held due to their benevolence thus evolving a closer relationship with them for possible future donations. These close-knit groups of regular donors eventually have greater impact to the fundraising efforts than seeking fresh donors.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Major Types of Donors There are six major types of donors as illustrated below including:

re-payer;

casual donor;

high impact;

faith/ religious based;

localized causes donors,

personalized donors.

Stapley (2010) has consequently categorised five basic sources for fundraising including: trust and endowments; society and events; business, subsidies, citizens donating once; habitual, crucial benefactors and bequest assistance; inheritances; and corporate/governmental grants.

Figure 1

Source: http://www.multivu.com/players/English/52621-guidestar-and-hope-consulting-money-for-good-II/

Capital campaigns conducted to raise funds from the public or seek grants from the government or corporations may require competing with other nonprofits similarly seeking funding for their own causes.

Nevertheless, most of the funding generally stem from habitual donors hence charitable organizations are always eager to cultivate amiable working relations with these category of donors by upholding accord with them through relationship building (Sargeant and Jay, 2004).

Hart et al. (2010) have asserted that personal relationships are the most critical aspects during fundraising as compared to dealing specifically with corporations. Engendering closer bonds with critical leaders within the donor institution will probably generate greater success.

We will write a custom Coursework on Fundraising and Marketing in Nonprofit Organizations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The authors thus assert that a more personalized relationship is more beneficial to the organization as key leaders within the institutions evolve closer working relationship enabling the donor further scrutinize the cause advocated. The fundraiser will seem more authentic and genuine as open communication enable the storyline delivered. A poignant narrative is likely to elicit greater impulse or instinct to assist the program.

Marketing Nonprofit Organizations Marketing is one of the surest ways of ensuring nonprofit organization backing in the community particularly to ostensibly fresh supporters thus vital to fundraising.

Marketing nonprofit organizations follows the same ideals practiced in typical trading firms, which encompass designing market plans, setting goals and objectives, market research, marketing mix, media draft; constructing, and trying out the designs; executing and appraising the sketch, that are identical amongst most businesses.

Goals and Objectives

The goals of the nonprofit organization commonly outlined in its tactical plans may encompass creating awareness of a project, fundraising, or offering services to the society.

The organization’s marketer should initially categorize and prioritize the key marketing objectives, for instance establishing trademark visibility to the public thus assisting the nonprofit organization accomplish its goals. Ultimately, the nonprofits marketers realize that these tactical plans resemble those used by the profit-making enterprises.

Marketing Analysis and Strategy

The marketers then evaluate the background, particularly all those aspects that could have an effect on the nonprofits capacity to attain its goals.

These can embrace rival nonprofits organizations, the performance of those the organization provides for, official statutes, and also the organization’s individual effectiveness and limitation. From this scrutiny, the fundraisers can establish the excellent probable tactics to realize the marketing aspirations.

Marketing Mix and Media Plan

In lieu of the approach preferred, the marketer should opt for the finest strategy to execute the plan. This incorporates establishing a marketing mix, or the correct types of medium to utilize to communicate the significance of the nonprofit organization – such as, online marketing to target the youth as opposed to radio.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Fundraising and Marketing in Nonprofit Organizations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Subsequently, the media strategy is established including the precise websites, publications, and other mediums the nonprofit organization can utilize to execute its promotion.

Creative and Testing

The fundraiser in alliance with vendors will afterwards plan to create creative commercials and artefacts that efficiently express the communication vital to the attainment of the marketing plan.

Prior to displaying the advert to the public still, the promoter must pan out a pilot plan for assessing its usefulness. This may entail soliciting the help of a target group, and subsequently improve the plan as per their observations prior to the launch.

Implementation and Assessment

The marketer, through the printed marketing plan, will subsequently present the timeline over which the scheme will be carried out, the proposed overheads and proposed proceeds, and the financial plan. The marketer must also clarify how the plan’s accomplishment will be gauged both throughout the operation and subsequent to the scheme execution.

Andresen (2006) has thus outlined some wide-ranging marketing concepts applied by large corporate illustrating some of the most successful marketing campaigns in the past. The author aims at demystifying marketing thus enabling it applicable to good causes by the nonprofits in “a business-minded marketing approach by a nonprofit organization” (p. 137).

Figure 2: Sample Marketing Plan for a Fundraising Campaign Strategy

Marketing and Fundraising through Social Media Nonprofit organizations just like the commercialized firms are gradually turning to the increasingly popular online marketing channels including social media like Twitter and Facebook for fundraising purposes and marketing for the promotion of future events.

These mediums entail a more reactive role with real time updates necessary to generate interest in the cause while other turn to other interactive media like blogging and YouTube to generate enough interest for the fundraiser.

Social media have enabled organizations to be more accountable to the donors who are in a position to question how their donations have been utilized unlike the traditional fund raising arrangement in which the donors relied on delayed feedbacks.

Social media also enables donors to directly get acquainted with the recipients of their funding while also getting a pool of young people who cannot be relied on to attend fundraising dinners but can otherwise be enjoined on online marketing techniques.

The mobile phone has also given rise to a fresh medium for communication as more people are connected over smart phones. During the Haiti Earthquake catastrophe, over 20 percent of the donations were via cell phones text messages with the usage cutting across the demographic lines evenly, thus rivaling online donations the modern new frontiers.

Cell phones will in future be more compelling due to the ease of use as it requires minimal transactions, cards, or even internet access to send a donation being a text away. A Cisco survey in 2008 established that the number of mobile phones is triples that of internet users whilst mobile phone technology entails use of both internet and text messaging (Barke, 2008).

As the global economic recession continue to impact negatively on consumer spending, fundraising has also being hard hit with most of the regular donors losing heavily in the equity markets in addition to lowered demands for products and services leading to less revenue. Donations have thus plummeted hence underlining the need to rethink the traditional fundraising concepts.

Some of the new ideas and forums advanced include tapping the younger generation through social media and mobile phones, active online marketing tactics, and proactive marketing techniques that promise more liable response to donors.

Grassroots Mobilisation Techniques Although most organisations rely on conventional and modern grassroots mobilisation techniques, some organisations have been known to hire the services of professional fundraises who are retained at an agreed fee.

This practice is illegal in most jurisdictions and has been banned by the Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP) thus most organisations retain reputable fundraisers as part of the executive staff to solicit for funding (Lorenzen, 2009). Religious organisations are some of the most effective grassroots fundraisers particularly the evangelical movements.

They are able to mobilise local, national and international supporters to either donate or seek funds on their behalf for aiding the underprivileged or for spreading evangelism. Other major non-profit organisations that are renowned for effortless fundraising include political parties and politicians at large.

Despite strict campaign finance statues, political parties are able to harness sizable funding while some associated interest groups like the National Rifle Association (NRA) and the Jewish lobby groups raise vast sums to support political candidates of their choice (Horwitz,

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Analysis of Trends in UK Employment and GDP as A Measure of a Country’s Wealth Coursework a level english language essay help

Table of Contents UK Unemployment Trends

Using Philips Curve to Explain Unemployment in the UK

GDP as A Measure of How Well-Off a Country and Its People Are

Alternative Measures

Works Cited

UK Unemployment Trends Most people have viewed unemployment as being an indicator of economy showing the number of individuals in a particular economy who have a will and ability to work but they have no jobs. If a person is found in this situation, then that person is unemployed. Individuals who lack the will of working for any reason are not categorized as being unemployment, but they are just economically inactive.

Economists have concluded that in case the levels of unemployment are too high in an economy, then that particular economy is just struggling to maintain its population. Under this situation, then the economy is not utilizing its resources in the best way possible.

From the graph of UK unemployment 1950-2001, in 1950s and 1960s, unemployment rates in UK were very low. According to Politics.co.uk par1 this amounts to about 3% on average. This was attributed to what is referred to as Post-war boom.

During Second World War, those individuals who served as servicemen in military were promised to be given full employment after winning. At this time, there was no government that was ready to break this promise.

It has been stated that, advancement in technology along with international trade that was stable and “the success of Keynesian economics and the stability of the Phillips Curve created a situation which did approach full employment – although of course, at that time the majority of women remained in the category of the economically inactive” (Politics.co.uk, par. 6).

Moreover, in 1950s to late 1960s, the interest rates were very low; there were lots of incentives for those carrying out research and development as well as on general investment. As a result, there were many investments springing up month after month due to the above mentioned escalator mechanisms. Though this strategy worked in those times, in the current times the strategy is ineffective.

This is because, in the current times, this strategy will make government budget to increase, the government has no additional sources of revenue. In case the government tries to increase tax, it will affect consumption as well as investments negatively. As a result, it will be very important for the government to raise PSBR with the aim of countering this problem.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, the current UK government can increase tax, and ensure that it’s spending also increases at the same rate. This balanced budget multiplier will helps the government to increase its national income in general. This is because not all extra money paid inform of tax will be spend. This extra tax will be as a result of increased investment and consumption.

In 1970s, unemployment rates in UK started to increase. This has been attributed to the collapse of orthodox boom. This was caused by the energy crisis in 1973, and the ‘generated stagflation’ in 1979. These impacts resulted to high inflation rates as well as high unemployment rates in Europe. In 1972, unemployment rates topped a million for the first time in history.

This is because; labours through unions were demanding more salary rates. In around 1979, there was a situation referred to as ‘winter of discontent’, where even grave diggers protested pay freezes by calling for a strike. At this time, unemployment was a 1.1 million. This was the time the Labour party was swept out of power by the Conservatives in the name that the labour party was not doing anything to deal with the situation.

When conservatives were in power, it was thought that unemployment rates will decrease in 1980s, but to peoples’ surprise, unemployment rates escalated further. At this time, the number of unemployed people clocked 3 million, which was about 12 percent of the population that was working.

However, this was just an average because in some parts of the country, the number was even higher. For instance, in the northern parts of Ireland, unemployment clocked 20 percent of that population that was working. Moreover, those areas that declining industries dominated, for instance coal mining industries, unemployed population was even very large.

Early 1990s experienced a fall in unemployment percentage. And by late 1990s, that is 1999, the number was still bellow 2.2 million individuals. This kind of trend went on till 2005, with official figures putting the rate at around 1.398 million individuals. Nevertheless, in the last two years of Blair’s era, unemployment rates went up again.

In 2008, when Gordon Brown was dealing with global recessions, figures of unemployment clocked 1.79 million, which has been considered as being the highest in the last decade. In May 2010, by the time the coalition government was coming to power, unemployed population was clocking 2.5 million people.

We will write a custom Coursework on Analysis of Trends in UK Employment and GDP as A Measure of a Country’s Wealth specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, the current Prime Minister, (David Cameron) has promised that unemployment rates are expected to fall in the coming years under his government. He said, “At the end of this Parliament unemployment will be falling” (Politics.co.uk par. 4)

Moreover, there was a fall in unemployment rate in early 1990s because most industries moved from manual production to technological production. It is clear that, though there was slight unemployment, but those who remained working ended up receiving higher salary rates as a result of increased production, hence increasing aggregate demand for money.

Moreover, increased technology led to lower production costs; hence UK commodities gained lots of competitive advantage on global market, hence increased government revenues through tax. These two effects led to unemployment rate reduction in UK (Anderton 1993, 56).

However, according to civil societies, unemployment has been rising month after month. For instance, between June and August 2011, unemployment has increased to 2.57 million individuals, which has been considered as being the highest since 1994.

To explain this trend, it has been shown that in the entire history, policy makers have been holding a view that macroeconomic advantages of having high unemployment rates are much more as compared to its negative effects on the economy and social openness.

This is what happened in 1980s. On the other hand, the government has not been having a will to allow high unemployment rates of unemployment as a result of its effects on social environment, the economy, as well as public costs.

Moreover, figures of unemployment in UK just explain a partial story of what is happening in UK. This is because, for many years, there have been structural differences among UK regions making some parts of UK to experience higher percentages of unemployment as compared to others.

For instance, unemployment in Wales and Scotland is much higher as compared to other developed areas like London and South East (Curwin

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Fundraising and Marketing in Nonprofit Organizations Coursework best college essay help: best college essay help

In marketing terms, a firm that is unable to promote itself is unlikely to sell their products or services no matter how good they are. Thus, organizations always actively ensure that public awareness of their merchandise is present.

The most basic form of marketing for fundraising programs can just involve using fliers and broadcasting announcements while in other cases may need more intense marketing to promote the products to the targeted audience. Good marketing campaigns aid in promoting programs undertaken by the organization in addition to the fundraising activities thus creating an awareness of the organization to the public.

This paper thus attempts to demonstrate the interlocking objectives existing between fundraising and marketing promotions by nonprofit organizations.

Marketing Promotions for Fundraising Although marketing promotions can involve much expense expended, non-profit organizations generally seek gratuitous publicity or those offered at subsidized fees. These promotions though are initiated from within the organizations core group who can be relied upon to be more aggressively involved in marketing the organization.

Promotions are also decisive in arousing the proper interest to the targeted attendees to enlist others enjoin the campaign. Thus, the fundraising campaign must be well planned with concise unambiguous ideas and goals while acknowledging that a well-marketed event is critical to worthwhile fundraising.

Nevertheless, informal personal reports involving diverse stakeholders fanned by friends and acquaintances pushes the fundraising agenda further than formal pronouncements in the mainstream media. Upgrading and maintaining close amity within the cycle can thus have greater impact on the campaign.

This entails keeping the nonprofits contributors updated on the events that have been held due to their benevolence thus evolving a closer relationship with them for possible future donations. These close-knit groups of regular donors eventually have greater impact to the fundraising efforts than seeking fresh donors.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Major Types of Donors There are six major types of donors as illustrated below including:

re-payer;

casual donor;

high impact;

faith/ religious based;

localized causes donors,

personalized donors.

Stapley (2010) has consequently categorised five basic sources for fundraising including: trust and endowments; society and events; business, subsidies, citizens donating once; habitual, crucial benefactors and bequest assistance; inheritances; and corporate/governmental grants.

Figure 1

Source: http://www.multivu.com/players/English/52621-guidestar-and-hope-consulting-money-for-good-II/

Capital campaigns conducted to raise funds from the public or seek grants from the government or corporations may require competing with other nonprofits similarly seeking funding for their own causes.

Nevertheless, most of the funding generally stem from habitual donors hence charitable organizations are always eager to cultivate amiable working relations with these category of donors by upholding accord with them through relationship building (Sargeant and Jay, 2004).

Hart et al. (2010) have asserted that personal relationships are the most critical aspects during fundraising as compared to dealing specifically with corporations. Engendering closer bonds with critical leaders within the donor institution will probably generate greater success.

We will write a custom Coursework on Fundraising and Marketing in Nonprofit Organizations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The authors thus assert that a more personalized relationship is more beneficial to the organization as key leaders within the institutions evolve closer working relationship enabling the donor further scrutinize the cause advocated. The fundraiser will seem more authentic and genuine as open communication enable the storyline delivered. A poignant narrative is likely to elicit greater impulse or instinct to assist the program.

Marketing Nonprofit Organizations Marketing is one of the surest ways of ensuring nonprofit organization backing in the community particularly to ostensibly fresh supporters thus vital to fundraising.

Marketing nonprofit organizations follows the same ideals practiced in typical trading firms, which encompass designing market plans, setting goals and objectives, market research, marketing mix, media draft; constructing, and trying out the designs; executing and appraising the sketch, that are identical amongst most businesses.

Goals and Objectives

The goals of the nonprofit organization commonly outlined in its tactical plans may encompass creating awareness of a project, fundraising, or offering services to the society.

The organization’s marketer should initially categorize and prioritize the key marketing objectives, for instance establishing trademark visibility to the public thus assisting the nonprofit organization accomplish its goals. Ultimately, the nonprofits marketers realize that these tactical plans resemble those used by the profit-making enterprises.

Marketing Analysis and Strategy

The marketers then evaluate the background, particularly all those aspects that could have an effect on the nonprofits capacity to attain its goals.

These can embrace rival nonprofits organizations, the performance of those the organization provides for, official statutes, and also the organization’s individual effectiveness and limitation. From this scrutiny, the fundraisers can establish the excellent probable tactics to realize the marketing aspirations.

Marketing Mix and Media Plan

In lieu of the approach preferred, the marketer should opt for the finest strategy to execute the plan. This incorporates establishing a marketing mix, or the correct types of medium to utilize to communicate the significance of the nonprofit organization – such as, online marketing to target the youth as opposed to radio.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Fundraising and Marketing in Nonprofit Organizations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Subsequently, the media strategy is established including the precise websites, publications, and other mediums the nonprofit organization can utilize to execute its promotion.

Creative and Testing

The fundraiser in alliance with vendors will afterwards plan to create creative commercials and artefacts that efficiently express the communication vital to the attainment of the marketing plan.

Prior to displaying the advert to the public still, the promoter must pan out a pilot plan for assessing its usefulness. This may entail soliciting the help of a target group, and subsequently improve the plan as per their observations prior to the launch.

Implementation and Assessment

The marketer, through the printed marketing plan, will subsequently present the timeline over which the scheme will be carried out, the proposed overheads and proposed proceeds, and the financial plan. The marketer must also clarify how the plan’s accomplishment will be gauged both throughout the operation and subsequent to the scheme execution.

Andresen (2006) has thus outlined some wide-ranging marketing concepts applied by large corporate illustrating some of the most successful marketing campaigns in the past. The author aims at demystifying marketing thus enabling it applicable to good causes by the nonprofits in “a business-minded marketing approach by a nonprofit organization” (p. 137).

Figure 2: Sample Marketing Plan for a Fundraising Campaign Strategy

Marketing and Fundraising through Social Media Nonprofit organizations just like the commercialized firms are gradually turning to the increasingly popular online marketing channels including social media like Twitter and Facebook for fundraising purposes and marketing for the promotion of future events.

These mediums entail a more reactive role with real time updates necessary to generate interest in the cause while other turn to other interactive media like blogging and YouTube to generate enough interest for the fundraiser.

Social media have enabled organizations to be more accountable to the donors who are in a position to question how their donations have been utilized unlike the traditional fund raising arrangement in which the donors relied on delayed feedbacks.

Social media also enables donors to directly get acquainted with the recipients of their funding while also getting a pool of young people who cannot be relied on to attend fundraising dinners but can otherwise be enjoined on online marketing techniques.

The mobile phone has also given rise to a fresh medium for communication as more people are connected over smart phones. During the Haiti Earthquake catastrophe, over 20 percent of the donations were via cell phones text messages with the usage cutting across the demographic lines evenly, thus rivaling online donations the modern new frontiers.

Cell phones will in future be more compelling due to the ease of use as it requires minimal transactions, cards, or even internet access to send a donation being a text away. A Cisco survey in 2008 established that the number of mobile phones is triples that of internet users whilst mobile phone technology entails use of both internet and text messaging (Barke, 2008).

As the global economic recession continue to impact negatively on consumer spending, fundraising has also being hard hit with most of the regular donors losing heavily in the equity markets in addition to lowered demands for products and services leading to less revenue. Donations have thus plummeted hence underlining the need to rethink the traditional fundraising concepts.

Some of the new ideas and forums advanced include tapping the younger generation through social media and mobile phones, active online marketing tactics, and proactive marketing techniques that promise more liable response to donors.

Grassroots Mobilisation Techniques Although most organisations rely on conventional and modern grassroots mobilisation techniques, some organisations have been known to hire the services of professional fundraises who are retained at an agreed fee.

This practice is illegal in most jurisdictions and has been banned by the Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP) thus most organisations retain reputable fundraisers as part of the executive staff to solicit for funding (Lorenzen, 2009). Religious organisations are some of the most effective grassroots fundraisers particularly the evangelical movements.

They are able to mobilise local, national and international supporters to either donate or seek funds on their behalf for aiding the underprivileged or for spreading evangelism. Other major non-profit organisations that are renowned for effortless fundraising include political parties and politicians at large.

Despite strict campaign finance statues, political parties are able to harness sizable funding while some associated interest groups like the National Rifle Association (NRA) and the Jewish lobby groups raise vast sums to support political candidates of their choice (Horwitz,

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Analysis of No God but God by Reza Aslan and Formations of Persecuting Society by Richard Moore Essay (Critical Writing) college essay help online

Table of Contents Book aspects

Religious and State Connections

Power and Persecution

Conclusion

Works Cited

Book aspects Over the years, Islam and Christianity have grown in several ways that have impacted society in a notable way. Two writers, Reza Aslan and Moore have written No God but God and Formations of Persecuting Society respectively in order to shed light on these weighty religion groups. Further information is also provided by Ward and White in their work sources of world societies.

Aslan tells about the emergence of Islam beginning from the pre-Islamic era. His expose runs from geopolitical to religious themes. For instance, we are told about the time when the Arabian desert was inhabited with tribes that were always at war. Pluralism was also on the downtrend.

The tribes believed in own different gods. However, each of these tribes reserved great reverence to their respective one god. It is against this background that Aslan suggests Muhammad might have been influenced by the religious state of affairs of that pre-Islamic Arabia (17). It is also around the same period that suffered great changes.

Religious and State Connections The connection between the states and religion has been in existence for some time. Though the recently years, there has been a clamor for the separation between the state and religious interests, this is a problem that had got itself entrenched in the early empires (Ward and White 256). Secularizing the state has been a difficult issue for many governments.

A clear analogy from what Aslan states is feeling that Mohammed, coupled with his background in tribal areas, might have started own group of adherents who, according to him, were like a tribe under his leadership.

It is due to his influence on the group that Islam spread sporadically into a group that came up with its own laws governing its members. These laws have been extend to social governance. This connection shows the basis of state religion relationships. The Islamic empires did not detach from the today governance.

The European state systems had great connection with the state (Ward and White 290). This was before a tumult, as it is seen from previous persecutions of Christians. But we are told that emperor Constantine the Great converted to Christianity, and after having done this, he managed to grant various concessions to Christianity.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Here the state and religion got connected though they were distinct. And thus, Constantine people (believed Rome) raised Christianity above other groups such as the pagans. We are informed on how Christianity eventually became the official religion of the state.

The state could also have its presence felt by some political leaders having taken some positions of influence in the church. Bishops also had the state’s ear in the early empires. Rulings made by the emperors made granted the bishops immense powers in the state. All in all, it can be seen that these early empires had a strong relation with religious groups. It was actually difficult to tell.

Aslan, however, vouches for a situation where Islam and democracy can exist hand in hand in such a way that only Islam stays in the background to guide on the moral and religious aspects as opposed to the members of the faith that have political powers in the running of state affairs (265).

Power and Persecution Persecution was rife in the empires. Whenever dissent was expressed, it would be met with full force. The way, for example, with which heretics were persecuted showed the dissent. Even based on religious beliefs would be met with eventual persecution. (Moore 1). The empires could use several ways of containing such dissenting groups. For example, this could be done by clearly stipulating laws that could clearly identify such groups.

Such monitoring ensured that whatever they were pursuing was checked. These laws would be made to gag them: they did not have freedom of expression. Moore further clearly says in the chronicles that institutions of containment have been established specifically for such groups.

Moore feels persecution targeted mostly the Jews, lepers, sodomists and many others. The decrees that were put in place essentially bordered on flimsy excuses of protection.

For example, Moore says that one of the “last three cannons required the Jews to distinguish themselves from Christians in their dress, and prohibited them from holding public office” (17). This could therefore force some of the Jews to pretend to have converted so as to avoid persecution.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Analysis of No God but God by Reza Aslan and Formations of Persecuting Society by Richard Moore specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Immense power was a tool that the church leaders to effect the harsh treatment. For example, if one could be suspected of heresy, he or she would be excommunicated. Even whole regions would, at the direction of the Pope, be taken over and bestowed to groups that were faithful. One sees the power of the church here was immense in such a way that it could be difficult to tell if the church was in itself a state organ.

The Pope himself would not be free to let the heretics to leave freely. It any complacency could be seen or suspected on the side of the Pope then he would be deposed.

Persecution was not only directed towards the heresy, but it also targeted its adherents to defended, including even the magistrates who refused to take actions (Moore). The judicial officers and other accused officials would eventually be denied inheritance, legal redress and their business could even be boycotted.

Those who would sympathize with this group faced excommunication. If a cleric was sympathetic then they would be forbidden from giving sacraments (Moore 10). In a nutshell, this punishment would be bolstered by an array of legal measures. It was therefore difficult to find an escape route.

The law, as seen here, was crafted from a central authority that it was not easy to circumvent it. The church got its foundation in the very core of catholic leadership. This was in such a way that even the pope did not have the powers to implement a certain measure as described in the cannon law.

There was also the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215, the one that was formed at the height of anti-heresy. It is this council that actually laid down the specific ways in which persecution could be carried out.

These mechanisms would be eventually extended to other groups e.g. the lepers, Jews or even the sodomists. One was either seen to be in line with the expectations of the society or not. So those that were labeled as unorthodox were routinely the victims of these punitive mechanisms laid down.

A good example of one such mechanism was the Papal inquisition (Moore 9). Here the inquisition kept giving itself more duties and powers.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of No God but God by Reza Aslan and Formations of Persecuting Society by Richard Moore by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Persecution was widespread in European empires. The Jews were the ones who faced a lot of trouble. For instance, after having been expelled from the kingdom of France in 1182, they fall into other hostile hands in England. According to Moore, there was a massacre of the Jews in 1198.

Whenever they had come from, they faced economic frustration as their property was confiscated. Lepers were not spared either, they were to live in segregated quarters, away from other members of the society.

In the Moore’s work, we can see that this persecution was not invented in the twelfth century, but it was a thing that traced its way back in the centuries of antiquity (11). A clear collaboration between the religion powers and the secular powers can be seen at play in Moore’s expose. For example, first of all, the religion powers could identify the heretics and then hand them over to secular powers for punishment.

Such highhanded collaboration also made sure that the economic life of the segregated was affected. It has clearly come out that the collaboration had some symbolic advantages between the two sides. Let’s take, for instance, the possessions of the disinherited; one wonders who benefited from such a ‘windfall’.

Though we are not given a direct link to show us the beneficiary, one can only but speculate that both the church and state benefited from these dispossessions. Another clear point to be gleaned from Moore’s expose is that beyond the face value of the institutions put in place then, there was a deeper self purpose.

In other words, the judiciary and the police force were not created to serve all but to perform or advance the selfish interests of the regime and church.

Looking at the trends in both Islam and Christianity, one sees notices a trend that is based on change. Though some of the contemporary changes appear to have bordered on the absurd, they have some of their foundations in the medieval periods.

One sees an urgent need to reform on several fronts. For example, in Islam Aslan does not shy away from stating his conclusion that Islam is in a state of transition, the one that Christianity faced when the protestant movement came to the fore. He feels that it may seem that Christianity can be in conflict with Islam; this may not be the real truth.

It is only that there is internal rivalry over the one who will direct the next cause of events. There is actually some internal war. This is true given that Islam today cannot be said to be homogenous; there are factors and groups.

In one line, there are the moderate Muslims, while on the other, there seems to be a group that is advancing fundamentalist tendencies. He feels that it is not actually a battle between Islam and the West. He likens the impending reform in Islam to that of Christianity which took 1500 years to occur.

To illustrate his point, Aslan tells how Mohammed advanced radical social and economic justice. He is the one that assumes that the Sunni have continued to advance. Issues like Islam’s view of women or even its attitude to the Jews and Christians do not worry him so much. He expresses an optimistic tone by saying that this are just signs of an internal conflict that will hit a climax through the reform that is revolutionary in nature.

Just like Christianity, Islam is a religion that is compassionate. He feels that some people have picked words like Jihad, Fatwa to shed religion. The richness of the religion is seen in its compassion for human piece and universal brotherhood. Thus, he well illustrates it by giving us the setting of his book which is remote village where Jews and even Pagan Arabs used to coexist.

He says that they used to share even their practices without any major conflict. In other words, the cultures were connected in a very peaceful way. In fact, he says that Islam in those medieval ages was more accommodative than Christianity. That Christianity actually persecuted Jews and other Christians who were believed to non-orthodox.

In certain instances, death penalty was resorted to. According to the author, Islam is merciful. Indeed, from a factual historical account, we can truly say that Islam was more tolerant. This is seen from the fact that nowhere are we told of forceful conversions as we are told of early Christianity.

Aslan says that Islam and democracy can still coexist (253). This is true from Iran, Aslan’s homeland. He says that democracy can still co-exist with democracy. This is unlike the feeling of many who feel that democracy is a creation of the west, and therefore not compatible with the Islamic faith.

This factual presentation by Aslan perhaps explains what is happening today. Many factors in the Islamic world have emotionally based their actions on what true Islam does not stand for. They have managed to capitalize on the death of Muhammed to mislead many.

By this, certain terrorist movements have been borne. This work carefully shows that today’s events are actually a result of what some opinion leaders have wrongly or rightly put in the minds of many.

Conclusion We have seen that far the mainstream religions have had a controversial relationship with the various states. However, from the facts presented, many people took and have continued to use religion to advance their selfish parochial interests.

It can be said therefore that it is good for a religion to concentrate on its core values of morality and leave the state to do work. However, this does not mean that relationship between the state and religion should not be there.

Works Cited Aslan, Reza. No God but God. Glenfield: Random House Press, 2005. Print

Moore, Richard. The Formation of a Persecuting Society: Oxford: Blackwell, 1987. Print

Ward, Walter and Carol White. Sources of World Societies, 1: To 1715. Boston: Bedford/st Martins. Print.

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Economic Reforms of the 1990s Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Introduction India’s financial system, the major economy in the earth in terms of buying power, is going to touch novel heights in upcoming years. By 2035, India is forecasted to be the third major financial system of the earth just after US and China. It is prospected to grow to 60% of the range of the US financial system.

This thriving financial system of today has to bypass through many stages before it can attain the present milestone of 9% GDP (Bosworth

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Why are there different theories of the state? Which one do you find most useful and why? Essay best essay help: best essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Rationale for different theories of the state

Corporatist theory

References

Introduction The purpose of this essay is to provide an overview of the different theories of the state, highlight the various reasons why there are different theories of the state, and finally, identify the most useful theory as well as providing a justification of the choice.

Theories forms the basis of explaining complex phenomenon in a more practical way, and as such the relations that exist in a nation-state can only be understood with the help of a theory. There exist different theories of the state such as pluralism, elite theory, classic Marxist theory, realism and corporatism (Barzel, 2002, p. 75).

The main proponents of the Pluralism are Talcott Parsons, Arnold Rose, Nail Smelser and Peter Bently. This theory is based on functionalism and its emphases are; stability, equilibrium, conservative perspective and gradual change. This theory maintains that societal power is widely shared, fragmented, decentralized and deriving from a number of sources (Duncan, 2009, p. 34).

It also opine that society consist of groups and associations that are many and diverse with conflicting interests that are balanced by the state, and as such the groups have considerable influences on major institutions and government policy. It also assumes a natural power balance among different groups coupled with democratic traditions, consensus of values, procedures and principles.

In addition, governmental and economic institutions are separate thus they are not overlapping sources of power. In this theory, the state performs roles which include; it represents institutionalized authority and power, it is the supreme guardian of democracy, it acts as the mediator or bargaining agent, as well as policing conflict of interest and promoting harmony to attain order and equilibrium (Dubbink, 2003, p. 179).

The second theory of the state is elite theory. This theory opine that the societal power rests in the hands of a few individuals who have power over key institutions resources, and at the same time the elite group are not accountable to the citizens. They derive their power from social organizations meaning that they possess a lot of power, and as such, they do anything to ensure that they retain power.

They theory opine that there is stratification in societies, the present power is utilized for societal welfare and benefit or for personal gain, there are one or other ruling elites, and that the powerful and the elite are the same.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The elites have such resources as cunning and skills, as well as intelligence, this variation sets them apart from the populace with the masses being characterized by incompetence, apathy and not able to govern themselves. In addition, the prevailing organizational complexities necessitate for a leader.

The relations that are built are in relation to power and wealth. For instance, power in United States rests in control of the Pentagon, that is, the state, the economy and the military (Smith, 1995, p. 91).

The third theory is classic Marxist theory, which maintains that individuals who have power over the means of production rule society. They further asserts that the main determinant of political phenomenon is the politics class basis, that individuals realize themselves through work, and the basis or foundation of the society is the economy.

It continues to maintain that political conflict equates to class conflict since political groups are composed of classes. In addition, economic dominance translates to power with power flowing from economic relations. The state performs functions such as; legitimizing and perpetuation of the existing social class system, and accumulating role, as well (Hay, Marsh

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Orange Telecommunication Company: Alternative Organizations Ideologies Promotion Essay scholarship essay help

Introduction An alternative organization refers to non-governmental organizations which have alleviating and reducing poverty in the developing countries as their main aim. Poverty is a major issue facing developing countries and most developing countries are finding it hard to alleviate poverty. As a result, most developing countries will seek financial aid in the developed countries.

This relationship creates a diplomatic tie between the developed and developing countries. In some cases, the aftermath of the diplomatic ties is the establishment of alternate organizations in the developing countries by the developed countries.

These organizations usually have set modalities to be able to achieve their aims and objectives. They provide a system that allows traders in the developing countries to access the global market in developed countries (Spulber, 1979, p.60)

Global capitalism is a concept derived from two main words, “globalization “and “capitalism”. Globalization in economic terms refers to the global interaction of various economies on the global front.

According to Levin institute (n. d, pg.1), globalization can be defined as the process by which there is increased interaction among individuals, companies or governments. It may also refer to the global distribution of services and goods. According to Bloomberg (2000, p.1), global capitalism has created a lot of job opportunities in the developing countries.

Globalization can also be defined as the process by which various countries interact in order to facilitate and develop the economy globally. Globalization is aimed at distributing the various means of production of goods and services among various countries.

Globalization has various diverse definitions but the commonly accepted definition is that globalization is the increase in interaction of people, culture and economic activities on the global front (Spulber, 1979, p.60).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, capitalism refers to an economic system in which the means of production as well as distribution of resources is corporately or privately owned (Case, 2004). Capitalism can be seen as being characterized by private control of the means of production.

Capitalism is also characterized by free market for services and goods. Global capitalism may be defined as the concept of advancing the capitalistic ideologies throughout the various economies around the world (Uluorta, 2009, p.20)

This essay is going to analyze how alternative organizations advance their ideologies. A case study of orange company is going to be used.

Case Study Orange Telecommunication Company is one of the leading companies in the industry. According to orange.com (2011), Orange is a key brand of France telecom and it emerged with the aim of shifting from using wired connections to wireless mobile telephony. It is a mobile network and internet service provider that was founded in the United Kingdom.

The company was established in 1994 and was a constituent company of FTSE 100 that was purchased by France Telecom in the early 2000. It was in 2000 when the company adopted the name Orange.

This is a brand name that has exposed the company to the rest of the world, especially in the developing countries. In addition, the company has formed a joint venture after it merged with Deutsche Telekom’s T Mobile UK (Marangos, 2004, p. 56).

Because of the competition in the industry, the company has managed to get 17 million customers globally. The company has been improving its services by adopting new technology. This has helped the company compete favorably with other companies in the industry such as Safaricom, Zain and Yu.

We will write a custom Essay on Orange Telecommunication Company: Alternative Organizations Ideologies Promotion specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Telecommunication industry is one of the factors that are improving lifestyles and reducing poverty level among people. Orange company has been improving its services in the country so that it can compete favorably with other companies (Lippit, 2005, p. 123).

According to Strangio (2006, p.1), the aim of the company is to improve telecommunication services, especially in the developing countries. The company is highly reputed in the countries in which the company has operations. Orange is one of the companies that have helped many developing nations reduce poverty (Orange.com, 2011).

As stated earlier, Orange is an alternative organization that has an objective of improving the lifestyles of poor people in the developing countries. In addition to the services provided by the company, the management is highly reputed. The reputation is because of the hard work and commitment that the employees are exhibiting (Ager, 2007).

Ways in which the company has reduced poverty in developing countries First, the company has created many job opportunities, hence, making locals get income to sustain themselves and their families. The unfortunate in the society are employed as clerks, finance officers, technicians, network specialists, engineers, marketers and many other positions offered by the company (Rowstow, 1990).

People who had no jobs have gotten a chance to improve on their lifestyle due to regular income in form of salaries, wages and allowances (Ingham, 2008, p. 85).

Secondly, the government gets revenue from the company in form of tax. This means that the tax collected by the government is used to improve services provided to the citizens. Because the company is generating as lot of revenues from its customers, it has helped the government by offering communication services that are effective, efficient and reliable. This is critical in improving the lives of the less fortunate in the society.

Rural health care Rural health care is a program that the company has been engaging itself in to offer health services to the public (Herotheos, 2008). The company has been organizing for mobile clinics so that those who cannot afford can get the services at a lower cost.

The company provides subsidies in what is called tele-medicine or tele-health. The clinics and health centers that have been constructed have created jobs and improved the health conditions of the people. The hospitals in the rural areas have enabled them get affordable rates because of their situation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Orange Telecommunication Company: Alternative Organizations Ideologies Promotion by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Schools and libraries In addition to construction of the rural hospitals, the company has been in a position to construct schools and libraries in the rural areas. The illiteracy levels will reduce when the children are educated. Only then will the poverty level reduce. This means that the people will get access to internet, information, knowledge and other services that will help them improve their lifestyles.

After the people have got education, they will be able to secure good jobs and get some income. The company has been offering scholarships to the bright needy students from poor background. This will help them get out of poverty after they have gotten the education and knowledge that will ensure they live a comfortable life (Schumpeter

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Leading Innovation and Change Management Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

An Evaluation of a Successful and Less Successful Innovation / Change of Which You Have Personal Experience, Related to Relevant Theory

Clegg, Kornberger, and Pitsis (2005) are sure that it is impossible to predict the outcomes of the change, therefore some projects appear to be successful, other projects turn to be less successful. Having personal experience in many situations where innovation and change have been applied, I would like to discuss two specific situations, one of which turned out to be successful and another one had less successful outcome.

It should be mentioned that implementing an innovation and change it is important to plan the consequences and try to predict the outcomes. A good manager always considers the future goals and makes all possible to meet those. The correct choice of the methods for implementing of the innovation and change is the half of success.

Having considered personal experience in implementing innovation and change, the merge of Credit Lyonnais with Credit Agricole should be considered. However, the implementation of Islamic banking in the newly appeared organization failed to be completed successfully.

Therefore, we have two processes, a successful merger of two banks and a less successful application of Islamic banking in the organization, which are going to be considered in this report for better understanding the models for innovation and change implementation.

Considering the situation devoted to the merger of two investment Banks in New York, Credit Agricole and Credit Lyonnais, it should be stated that the change is rather successful if considered from many aspects. The main reasons for successful outcomes of the affair are that the innovation and change followed particular scheme or theory and managed to meet the requirements put before the organization.

The merger of Credit Agricole and Credit Lyonnais followed the exploring corporate strategy model (Appendix 1) based on Kotter’s eight steps of successful innovations and change. The model can be easily referred to the case under consideration, however, the very idea of the situation should be described for understanding the means for success of the affair.

The merge of the Credit Agricole and Credit Lyonnais banks resulted in creation of the largest bank in France. One of the main changes which occurred in the company was related to the Human Resources department as being the newly emerged organization it enumerated about 60,000 employees. To organize the work in the department, the IT systems were reorganized and reconfigured.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The newly appeared company had to agree on the processes and start working together synchronising their performance. One of the main reasons for reconfiguring the HR information system was the desire to meet three specific objects, “controlling the applications, guiding conjoined projects and optimizing developments” (‘The mapping and merger of Credit Agricole SA’ n.d., p. 3).

Both of the organizations had to reassess their positions and roles in the newly appeared company. Strategic management in the newly appeared organization was completed by means of exploring strategy model which comprised three main elements and included “understanding the strategic position of the organization, making strategic choices and managing strategy into action” (Johnson, Scholes,

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Civil Rights Initiatives, Their Chronology and Impacts Research Paper essay help site:edu

Introduction During the 20th century, there have been numerous federal legislations for purposes of improving the quality of lives of the people. Insufficient civil rights laws had played a pivotal position in the obstruction of the federal government.

The protection of the people’s democratic institutions and the enjoyment of people’s rights and the constitution required development and improvement of the feeble and insufficient laws. The United States had been in war against a world’s racist known as Adolf Hitler.

There was also a rumbling racial war on the return of black American veterans perceived to be unshackled (Gardner, 2002). Consequently, in order to attain racial impartiality, it would be achieved through armless protests and breaking of the pattern of racial segregation that was in the south.

In addition, there was the equal rights legislation for blacks. For instance, the Supreme Court made a decision that enabled the black Americans and the white followers to stop the deep-rooted segregation practices.

Civil Rights initiatives of the 20th century They included the Truman and the California civil rights initiatives. The Truman’s initiative was a campaign for then civil rights formed by President Henry Truman (Conrad, 2005).

Truman formed a committee that produced a report on civil rights The California civil rights initiative ended the affirmative action for women, and the marginalized groups in California. Following the rumbling racial segregation, several civil rights came into place.

Chronology of civil rights during the 20th century First in 1910, there was creation of a national association. The association was in the forefront to ensure that all people received equal treatment thus the enhancement of equality.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Consequently, there was a revolution in Mexico thus the influx of immigrants looking for work in US. Secondly, there was the 1920 constitutional amendment, which permitted women to vote. This enhanced the empowerment of women thus gender equal opportunity among the gender.

In 1941, an executive order, which banned unfairness against all the marginalized groups, was issued. This order enabled the creation of rights for the minorities (Raiford, 2011). The minorities could now participate in the administrative practices.

In 1966, there was formation of an organization aimed at enhancing equality within genders. In 1973, the congress passed an act for job rehabilitation. This act barred inequity against disabled people on the usage of funds. Additionally, the national conference held in Texas, necessitated the reforms.

These reforms aimed at empowering women and providing them equivalent opportunity to men. Remarkably, in 1988 the Supreme Court approved the congress’s act, which provided for the restoration of the civil rights. This act overturned the Supreme Court’s declaration of 1984.

The declaration had objected the federal government from using the existing remedy to fight against biased regulations to private organizations receiving government subvention. In 1990 president, Bush signed an act that was targeting the disabled Americans. The act banned discrimination in jobs against the disabled. The act also required enhanced access to businesses and transportation.

Impacts of the civil rights on the current public policies The above initiatives have had a profound impact on race relations. In the recent past, there has been a positive adjustment regarding the perceptions of both African Americans and the whites. Importantly, the change was evident in the 2008 general elections where an African American won the elections.

These civil rights initiatives have resulted to the racial preference policies in schools. The original objective is that having preference for black Americans would help remedy the past chronological injustices. Schools have also included other rationalizations such as omitting the insignificant representation of the marginalized groups.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Civil Rights Initiatives, Their Chronology and Impacts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Effects of the civil rights initiatives on future public policies In future, the initiatives of the civil rights will increase the capacity and power of the government by informing the people and organizations on the most appropriate thing to undertake in controlling it. In addition, through this initiative the government shall increase its activities of protecting people’s rights thus enhanced checks on government by beneficiaries from the protections (Raiford, 2011).

Secondly, the civil rights initiatives advocate for equality the basic system of democracy. Therefore, equality and individual autonomy would cause conflict in democracy. This would result when the majority wishes to repute judgments that fail to favor them. However the marginalized would also benefit even without their vote.

Conclusion The California Civil Rights Initiative has transformed into a law. The government agencies may not demonstrate favoritism, or award privileged treatment based on race, gender, background, and national basis in public service, education, and contracting.

As well, the initiative has a striking impact within its scale of operation; however, this capacity covers only a restricted area of government action. The California Civil Rights Initiatives outlaws discrimination and inclinations based on the aspects of inclination, favoritism, and impartiality.

Consequently, the current public policies, forms their foundation on the civil rights initiatives. Accordingly, there is equivalent access to the public services and utilities in the administration of public resources. Discrimination based on gender and other aspects has also reduced to insignificant percentages. Concisely, the government should emphasize the efforts of the initiatives for the realization of proper policies.

References Conrad, C. (2005). African Americans in the US economy. Oxford, UK: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Gardner, R. (2002). Harry Truman and civil rights: moral courage and political risks. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Raiford, L. (2011). The civil rights movement in American memory. Caledonia, CN: The University of Georgia Press.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Civil Rights Initiatives, Their Chronology and Impacts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More

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Basic Functions of Memory and Language Research Paper essay help online free

Table of Contents The Nature and Function of Semantic Memory

The Basic Functions of Language

The Stages of Language Production

The relationship between Semantic Memory and Language Production

References

The Nature and Function of Semantic Memory The area of semantic memory involves stored information regarding the features and characteristics, which determine the processes of retrieving, using, and producing information in various cognitive processes such as thought and language comprehension/production (Martin

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The Concept of Autobiographical Memory Essay essay help online: essay help online

Article Summary Considering that relationships form the core of human needs, it is obvious that interpersonal relationships influence people’s psychological functioning, mental health, and wellbeing. For example, individuals experiencing attachment security are known to possess high levels of self-esteem and excellent adaptive or coping strategies.

On the other hand, individuals experiencing attachment anxiety and/or avoidance have been found to suffer from psychopathology and emotional distress (Sutin

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Childhood and Development Term Paper essay help online free

Identity development Research has shown that the desire to know self dominates the minds of many adolescents. This is motivated by a combination of factors such as physical, cognitive and social changes, present in the life of any human being.

This is also spurred by the important life choices that are to be made, ranging from career choice to life partners (Erikson, 1968). Research findings illustrate that, adolescent behaviors vary depending on where they are and whom they are with. For example, one can be outgoing when with friends but shy at home (Sarnecka

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European Macroeconomic Policies and Risks Report essay help free: essay help free

Entrepreneurs intending to invest in new territories need to consider a number of factors before venturing into new markets. Although these factors vary, entrepreneurs who are interested in investing within the European Union need to examine macroeconomic policies and risks carefully and determine their effects on business.

New entrepreneurs need to consider key macroeconomic factors such as aggregate demand polices, aggregate supply policies, fiscal policies (for example, EU single monetary union), and the policies for the integration of the macroeconomic factors with the European social model. Suffice to state that the EU macroeconomic policies expose enterprises to certain risks.

For instance, the EU single currency polices impinge on business flexibility. In addition, the single monetary union is at risk of falling into a severe debt crisis, among other risks.

However, these risks can be curtailed through several measures, including inflation targeting, controlled budget deficits, and reduced national debts. All these are aimed at promoting equitable and sustained economic growth within the Eurozone. This has a direct impact on business growth and development.

European economists hold conflicting views regarding the role of aggregate demand policies. However, this should not negate the relevance of aggregate demand polices in trying to stabilize the economies of EU member states (Baily 2010). Most of the aggregate demand policies within the EU mainly focus on the business growth and stability of employment.

Most economists see active demand policies as risky in the following manner: to begin with, critics of active demand policies argue that increase in demand leads to high inflation rates. Secondly, economists see the risk on monetary stability leads to increase in interest rates However, the EU control on inflation complicates fiscal and monetary policies (Begg and Ward 2006).

In addition, aggregate demand is at risk of falling if active aggregate demand polices are not strictly adhered to (Gazier and Lechevalier, 2006). However, active aggregate demand policies focus purely on economic growth. Additionally, policymakers dissociate active aggregate demand from policies on pricing of commodities and the attainment of financial stability.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As Begg and Ward (2006) have noted, developing inappropriate pricing strategies diminishes the prospects of realizing profits. Thus, pricing and financial stability are the concerns of fiscal policies, rather than macroeconomic policies on aggregate demand (Radulescu n.d.; Watt and Janssen 2005).

Additionally, Baily (2010) while modeling along Keynesianism explains that the European aggregate demand policies in most of the EU member countries encourages the development of safety nets that ‘automatize’ stability of the demand-supply mechanism. This protects the existing businesses from collapse.

Additionally, Begg and Ward (2006) explain that prices and demand have a direct relationship to changes in prices affecting demand. In this case, entrepreneurs need to understand the European consumer dynamics so that they can develop appropriate pricing strategies.

Both, aggregate demand and aggregate supply, have an effect on the overall economic growth. Aggregate supply within the European Union has a direct relationship with economic growth.

Aggregate supply determines the level at which the GDP is at equilibrium. As such, an increase in aggregate supply results in economic growth since such an increase results into corresponding growth in the GDP, and this keeps inflation rates low. Since economic growth has a direct link to changes in aggregate supply, governments within the EU protects aggregate supply from falling.

Aggregate supply high leads to competitiveness, which spurs and sustains economic growth. As such, entrepreneurs who want to invest in the EU know that government controlled aggregate supply protects the business environment. With regard to aggregate supply, governments offer incentives to manufacturers to boost manufacturing competitiveness.

Governments give manufacturers incentives to invest in human resources and manufacturing technologies, and this improves production efficiencies. The attainment of production efficiencies leads to manufacturing competitiveness, resulting in positive implications on both the economy and businesses. Production efficiency leads to growth of business, as well as increasing employment opportunities.

We will write a custom Report on European Macroeconomic Policies and Risks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, manufacturing competiveness allows governments to sustain a healthy (and not surplus) balance of payment, since growth in manufacturing industry allows governments to fund imports. The main reason why the EU has opted for a healthy rather than a surplus balance of payment is to support the production capacities (resulting to increased exports) and the ability to finance imports (Begg and Ward 2006).

One of the major objectives for the formation of the EU is to promote a single market. To facilitate a single market structure, the EU was converted into a monetary union with a single currency, the Euro (Motamen-Scobie 1998). This has a number of advantages for businesses. For instance, businesses do not have to worry about the risks associated with exchange rates.

Additionally, this ensures a stable business environment as well as enables increased competition, which is good for business (Farina

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Biometric Security Systems Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Biometric Methods to be used for the National Identity Cards Over the years, there have been numerous concerns about the issue of identification. At first, authentication was simple and was guided by two key factors. One of these factors was what a user needed to have, such as a badge.

The badge was a vital identification tool that would allow the one in possession to enter a restricted facility. The other factor is something that one knows about such as a personal identification number for use with an ATM or an appropriate password assigned to a user to guarantee him or her access to confidential or restricted information.

However, with a continuous change in technology being experienced all over the world, a third factor has become a necessity. This third factor is something that someone really is and is represented by biometrics (Janker 2002).

The use of a biometric security system provides an effective means for ensuring that the privacy rights of any citizen can be secured by accurately and timely identifying individuals without the need to rely on the use of identification papers or information that an individual must provide such as his or her social security number (Zhang 2002).

The technology helps in empowering users with the ability to securely prove who they are to anyone, for any purpose, using their biometrics. Of great benefit is the fact that users are able to prove their identities without having to disclose the biometric data itself. The only time that a user’s record will be decrypted and displayed is when there is a positive match.

Without a positive match being realized, all the information about the user is made completely inaccessible even to the system administrator (Li

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Comparison Between two Operating Systems Report best essay help

Introduction An operating system (OS) refers to a set of programs which make the computer usable. The programs present in the operating system make it easy to operate a computer. The common types of operating systems include Linux, Microsoft Windows, and Mac OS. These types of operating systems are used in Desktop Computers and Laptops. However, there are other types of operating systems which are used in mobile phones and they include Android, iOS, and Symbian (Smith, 2005).

A computer becomes useful when it has an operating system running in it. In order for a person to distinguish between the different types of operating systems, he should take time to understand the most important concepts that are used in operating systems. The main concepts applied in operating systems include kernel services and application level services. These services play a very vital role in determining how the operating systems perform when it is installed in a computer.

An operating system should be capable of managing all the resources of a computer efficiently. There are many tasks that an operating system helps a computer to accomplish. An operating system enables users to share the same computer and it applies the user interface on the desktop.

It refrains users from interfering with data which that belongs to other users and also allows people to share data stored in a computer. It is also the responsibility of the operating system to schedules resources among the users. The Operating system also allows computers to communicate to other computers through networks. Moreover, it enables the computer to recover from errors, and it also organizes files so that they can be accessed easily and in a more secure manner (Parsons

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Homosexuals and Marriage Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The topic regarding homosexuals and their right to marry has created widespread controversies. This has prompted scholars to identify and weigh the benefits and disadvantages regarding this practice. Being a sensitive issue, it requires thorough understanding before taking a stance. Based on the meticulous research conducted in this regard, homosexuals should be allowed to marry.

The term homosexual refers to people of the same sex engaged in a sexual relationship. Some countries such as the US, prohibit the use of the word as it depicts a lot of negativity. Consequently, the accepted words in such countries are Gay, for man-man relationships, and Lesbian, for woman-woman relationship.

Different cultures have different definitions of marriage. All these definitions converge on the idea that marriage is a legal or societal union between two people for the purpose of extending family lineage. In general, marriage is an establishment in which sexual intimacy is acknowledged (May, 1995). This union concerns interpersonal relationships that vary from one person to another. There are several reasons why people marry. These include emotional and legal security, religious and societal obligation, and economical purposes.

A significant number of people prefer the heterosexual marriages which are widely accepted. Homosexuality is not a new phenomenon. Its history dates back to the 19th century. In fact, most countries in East of Asia have documented same-sex marriage for the last 1000 years. Some scholars who have developed interest regarding this topic argue that homosexuality is a present social construct perpetuated by the West.

However, on the contrary, science has proved that being gay or lesbian is not a individual’s choice. Parents bring up their children in a way that none of them should develop sexual attraction towards individuals of his or her sex. Even in schools, teachers discourage students against homosexual acts.

Homosexuals develop attraction towards individuals of their sex just as a man develops attraction towards a woman and vice versa. Love has no limit or boundary. When two people fall in love and decide to get married, it should not matter whether they are of the same sex or not.

Marriages are built on the pillar of love. This pillar does not prevent people of the same sex loving each other. Thus, it should not limit such people in matters of marriage. In this regard, it would be denying them their right to enter into a union which should not only apply to the heterosexuals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Allowing gay marriages will not in any way affect the lives of other person in the society. The allegations that encouraging gay marriages will corrupt the moral of the society are unfounded. Every human being has the power of free will. The power to choose what one wants to do with his or her life, and in this case one’s believes, should not be controlled by the society. The few individuals who turn out to be gay or lesbian grew up knowing from their parents that being a homosexual is morally wrong.

However, they cannot get the fulfillment that they derive from homosexual relationships in heterosexual ones. Stealing, drug abuse and killing, are some of the vices that every parent teaches his or her children to avoid at all costs. These vices harm the society in a considerable manner.

Treating homosexuals as villains whose acts pose a considerable threat to the society is unfair. Every day, activists hold demonstrations in lobbying for the acknowledgment of human rights and recognition of minority groups. Most countries have laws acknowledging the right to freedom of association (Williams, 2012). Denying a gay or lesbian couple the freedom to enter into a marriage contract clearly violates their freedom to associate.

Homosexual should enjoy the same rights as anybody else without any restrictions based on their sexuality (Paul, 2012). The recognition of their rights should also include the right to marry. Prohibiting a lesbian or gay couple to marry has no ethical or rational basis (Paul, 2012). This is because the prohibition is just centered on the history that gays are a minority group, and allowing them to marry would give them recognition as important members of the society.

This notion is morally wrong and it should not be tolerated in the modern world (OJALVO, 2009). The majority of the opponents of homosexual marriage have been the religious community. Most religions view same sex marriages as morally wrong (Williams, 2012). Although the Catholic church regards the sexual intimacy between homosexuals as an abomination, no marriage can be complete without the aspect of sex.

The religious conviction that homosexuals should not be allowed to marry is totally misguided. The claim from the religious fraternity is that the institution of marriage should solely be between a man and a woman. In this regard, legalizing gay marriages will make the whole idea of marriage and procreation to nurture future generations baseless. From the religious perspective, marriage is the foundation of a family (May, 1995)

This unit is supposed to bear children and bring them up in the belief that they will adopt the same moral principles as their parents. They believe that a gay or lesbian couple cannot procreate. Since God commanded man to multiply and fill the earth, supporting gay marriages amounts to disobedience and the tendency to prove God wrong. Religious doctrines also oppose the idea of child adoption by gay couples.

We will write a custom Essay on Homosexuals and Marriage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Adopting a child instead of bearing one undermines the institution of marriage. This scenario is only allowed if there are medical reasons as to why the woman cannot conceive.

A child adopted by a gay couple will have problems differentiating between the role of a father and those of a mother in a family. Thus, the child will grow up confused concerning the role that individuals play in a couple. The religious opposition of the legalizing of gay marriage is facilitated by the fact this practice dents the whole concept of family values. These values are vital in cementing bonding in the society.

Encouraging gay lifestyle will put the society at a risk as gay people have high chances of substance addiction and mental illness all of which are detrimental to the proper growth of a child and the moral standards of the society. According to the religious populaces, there is nowhere in the Holy Books that gay marriage is supported.

However, the Holy Books do not refute gay marriages. Religious leaders teach us to love. In addition, they encourage us not to discriminate other people especially the minority groups. The number of gay couples who want to get married is insignificant compared to the heterosexual marriages. Homosexuals are the minority in the society and should not be discriminated against in matters of marriage because they did not choose their sexual orientation. Furthermore, no one chooses who to love.

The claim that a gay couple cannot raise a child properly is misinformed. Research has proven that children raised by same-sex couples develop at par with those raised heterosexual couples (Williams, 2012). What a child needs most from his or her family is parental love (May, 1995). There are many children in the children homes who yearn for this love. Thus, it would be cruel to deny it to them on the basis that they will be brought up by same-sex couples.

There are many children growing up in broken families. The effects in this regard adversely affect a child as compared to the religious claims attributed to the children brought up by gay couples. In opposing same-sex marriages, religious leaders fail to consider that there are many single parents raising children by their own. These single parents play both the role of a father and a mother.

There is no reason whatsoever warranting the denial of gay couples to get married. Marriage has numerous benefits for the individuals involved. A couple needs financial sustainability which can be achieved through marriage (Paul, 2012). The emotional connection between two people is not planned or chosen.

Therefore, gay people should be allowed to fully enjoy the benefits that heterosexual couples enjoy without any restriction whatsoever. The legal and financial benefits that heterosexual couples enjoy should also be available to gay couples (Paul, 2012).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Homosexuals and Marriage by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The basis for the opponents of same-sex marriage does not provide any reasonable justification to warrant the prohibition of such unions. Concerning the claims of promiscuity, such occurrences will decline because individuals will engage in relationships that cater for their sexual orientation (Williams, 2012).

Thus, cases of homosexuals engaging in heterosexual relationships in order to conform to the societal norms, but still engaging in homosexuality will decline. Consequently, there will be more stable homes supporting the appropriate growth of children. There will also be a reduction in the transmission sexual diseases due to double-dealing.

No parent brings up a child to become a gay or lesbian. Being gay is more of a biological matter than one’s own choice. Even if homosexuality was an individual’s choice of a lifestyle, it does pose a threat in any way to other members of the society who only embrace heterosexual relationships.

Every human being is entitled to all rights irrespective of his or her sexual preference (OJALVO, 2009). By denying homosexuals the right to marry, we become insensitive to their feelings and preferences. Forcing them to conform to the set norm of heterosexual relationships will cause them more harm than good.

Allowing homosexual marriage should not be a war between religion and the law. The law ensures equality for all, but one should choose what to believe when it comes to matters of religion. Therefore, denying a loving gay or lesbian couple the right to marry goes against all morals and the law.

It takes a lot of courage for the gay people to accept their sexual orientation as they are afraid of how the society will treat them. This sense of knowing your real self should never be taken away by anybody. It is only fair to allow gay marriages and treat gay couples with the respect and dignity that they deserve.

References May, W. E. (1995). Marriage: the rock on which the family is built. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.

OJALVO, H. E. (2009, November 5). Should Gay Couples Be Allowed to Marry? – NYTimes.com. The Learning Network – The Learning Network Blog – NYTimes.com. Web.

Paul, G. (2012, January 1). Pros and Cons for Gay Marriage Legalization. PaulGoodman67 on HubPages. Web.

Williams, r., MA., Oakland, P. o., CA., Group, c. f., 17, w. i., et al. (2012, March 27).

Should gay marriage be legal? – Gay Marriage – ProCon.org. Gay Marriage ProCon.org. Web.

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Performance Measures and Communicating Performance Expectations to Garcia Meyer Center Report essay help online

This paper is going to identify performance measures that can be used to evaluate a potential managing director in charge of operation. In addition, the paper will also look at ways the board of directors can communicate their performance expectations.

As a consultant hired by the board of directors of Gracia Meyer Center I have developed a method that can be used in identifying performance measures and communicate performance expectations for the new managing director. One of the methods that can be used in identifying performance measures and communicating them to the potential managing director is the top-down director evaluation tool.

Gracia Meyer Center is non-profit organization with a board of directors from different backgrounds. Therefore, the board of directors will be capable of evaluating the new managing director from a perspective that favors the success of the organization. Generally, the board of directors should look for a managing director in charge of operations who has the ability to achieve the goals of the organization, strong leadership skills, and sound financial management (Davila, Epstein

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