Why do students often feel frustration after their final tests? Why are they dissatisfied by their achievements and results? The problem can depend not only on the level of the students’ knowledge but also on the degree of the tension and anxiety which are associated with the preparation and review of the material during the last days before the final examination.
In spite of the fact students can orient in the material well, the stressful situation can influence their test results. If there are no weekly or monthly tests during the whole course, students do not have the opportunity to improve their study skills, and the final examination can become the real challenge for them.
In his essay “More Testing, More Learning”, Patrick O’Malley discusses all these controversial questions and provides the solution to the problem which is based on implementing more frequent tests during the course in order to control the students’ progress in studying, stimulate their motivation, and improve their study skills.
The additional examinations, frequents tests, and quizzes during the course can be discussed as the effective organizational means to improve the students’ performance and the level of knowledge with accentuating the regular work and reducing the possible procrastination and anxiety connected with the final tests.
The examinations which influence the final mark of the students for their performance during the definite courses are the main reasons of the students’ worrying at the end of the academic terms. Moreover, the stressful situation of the examination and the inadequate tension during the preparation period often influence the students’ achievements negatively.
In addition to that, many students prefer to procrastinate and not to study regularly and efficiently during the course. O’Malley states that “if professors gave additional brief exams at frequent intervals, students would learn more, study more regularly, worry less, and perform better on midterms, finals, and other papers and projects” (O’Malley 488).
In spite of the fact I am not inclined to procrastinate, it is rather difficult for me to recollect all the necessary information during the last days before the examination because of the stressful situation, and the courses with many additional tests are more useful for me.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, brief examinations, additional tests, and quizzes provided by professors weekly or monthly can be considered as the good stimulating factors for the students’ effective performance and activity. These short examinations can be used for developing students’ study habits and skills and for organizing the students’ academic activity.
The necessity of the regular tests during the course depends on the basic principles of studying as the regular and continuous process. Thus, to achieve the best results in study, it is necessary not only to develop the learning skills and examine a lot of information but also to control the progress in learning regularly with the help of the definite tests and short examinations.
From this point, final tests are not effective in organizing and controlling the students’ performance during whole course. O’Malley indicates the fact that final examinations and tests “don’t encourage frequent study, and they fail to inspire students’ best performance” (O’Malley 488).
I agree with the point because the necessity of writing tests during the course helps me organize learning the material regularly because I can set definite small goals and achieve them while completing the tests effectively. To contribute to the students’ good performance, it is important to develop the system of lectures and discussions as well as tests for controlling the students’ short-term achievements in studying and understanding the material.
Students study certain subjects and follow definite courses in order to develop their vision of this or that field, to expand their knowledge, and to improve their skills. However, to be successful in learning the definite material, students should also know how to learn it efficiently. In this case, it is important to work out the system in relation to which students could develop their learning skills.
The control of the material’s understanding is the necessary part of this system. According to O’Malley, “frequent exams are key to developing good habits of study and learning” (O’Malley 489). Analyzing my academic performance, I can state that motivation is the significant factor for me, and it helps concentrate on the task. Students are able to present the best results in their academic performance when they are highly motivated.
The absence of the regular control can contribute to the development of the procrastination habits and to reducing the degree of the students’ involvement in the process of studying. Moreover, the risk of the anxiety during the preparation for the examination is directly connected with the students’ habits to cope with the regular tests during the course.
We will write a custom Essay on Frequent Tests as the Ways to Overcome Procrastination and Anxiety specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Students’ high academic performance and the good results in the final tests and examinations depend on many factors. Patrick O’Malley presents the arguments that the tradition of using significant examinations after the whole course without concentrating on the short examinations, brief tests and quizzes during the course can be discussed as ineffective and reducing the students’ learning habits and skills.
In spite of the fact many professors can consider such practice as time-consuming, it is one of the most effective methods to control the students’ achievements and their studying process in order to avoid procrastination and anxiety.
The students’ learning process is effective not when they prepare only for the final examination at the end of the course because of the absence of certain tests, but when they have to organize the material, use their knowledge, and write tests regularly. That is why frequent tests are more useful for stimulating the students’ motivation and good results.
Work Cited O’Malley, Patrick. “More Testing, More Learning”. Reading Critically, Writing Well: A Reader and Guide. Ed. Rise B. Axelrod, Charles R. Cooper, and Alison M. Warriner. New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2008. 488-492. Print.
“Eat Drink Man Woman”: Confucian Ethics and Traditional Chinese Family Life Essay (Movie Review) writing essay help
Introduction Confucianism is a philosophical attribute used in China and which is based on the ethical values upheld by the Chinese community. The philosophy originated from the teachings of the K’ungu-fu-tzu also known as Confucius, a philosopher who has influenced the ethical system in Chinese society. It was first designed and centered on sociopolitical teachings but since then, it has shifted and it is now based on humanism (Sinaiko 12).
The concept which is a humanistic approach recognizes that human values are not stagnant and can be changed from one form to another. Three aspects are borne form this belief that people are teachable, improvable and perfectible as well. The ideology is focused on preserving the humane aspect of members of the society by employing different teachings based on different foundations.
There are three foundations that govern the act of Confucianism in the Chinese republic. These are ren, yi and li (Sinaiko 15). The three foundations touch on different aspects of the Chinese culture. For instance, the ren is the act of being humane to other people in the community and it is collectively known as altruism. (Xinzhong 24)
Yi on the other hand is the act of behaving in a morally upright manner. In this case, people are expected to do good things. The last aspect which is li requires that one be humble for the sake of the other person. In Chinese society, one opts to give up his or her life either passively or actively for ren and yi to be effectively achieved in the community (Xinzhong 25).
From this philosophical context, it is obvious why the movie “Eat Drink Man and Woman” was created in such a manner. The idea was to point out the ethical context of the Chinese people specifically those in Taiwan. This paper is a philosophical review of this movie. In the review, the author provides their reflections on the main ideas of the movie as well as on Confucian ethics in traditional Chinese family life. The connection between Confucian ideas on one hand and Chinese family life on the other hand in the movie will be addressed.
“Eat Drink Man and Woman” Movie Review: Plot Summary The movie was released in 1994 by the Taiwan Film Records under the directorship of Ang Lee. He puts into context Confucianism by dramatizing the manners of the Taiwan community based on facts about life, love, and modernity. He uses food to explain the ideology of modern people in the community (Vick 3).
Synopsis There are three daughters in the family who are not married. They live with their father who is a widower. It is noted that food is the main aspect in the film whereby the father cooks traditional foods and none of the daughter likes his dishes. They perceive it as too outdated but their father loves them so much such that he encourages them to eat the food. During Sunday dinners, he prepares for them traditional food and the relationship in the family seems to grow deeper and deeper (Vick 5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The daughters are always afraid of him but in the film, the father can tell stories in different circumstances and this makes the daughters to have the urge to eat and have a deeper relationship with the father. Secretly, the middle sister loves the traditional food and aspires to be a cook in future even though the women are not encouraged to cook in the community (Vick 7).
“Eat Drink Man and Woman” reveals the sexual and love scenarios in the society as the unattached daughters try to get engaged to other men in the surroundings who come to upset the calm at home. The middle daughter, Jia Chien, works with the airline services and gets a boyfriend from the office where she works. This changes the family relationship especially with the father (Vick 5).
The first born daughter, Jia Jen, falls in love with a volleyball player and coach and she hunts for the man hysterically after realizing that she can be in love again on the basis of human desires. Initially, the older sister was so cynical about men. The youngest daughter, Jia Ning, is always in a constant sexual relationship and she eventually becomes pregnant while in college (Vick 9).
The director of the movie introduces different characters in the film to highlight the family relationship. He especially highlights the characters of those men who are attracted to the ladies. For example, Li Kai in the office is attracted to the second born daughter. The climax of the film is when Mr. Chu begins dating Jia –Ning. The gentleman tells her that he wants to end his addiction to love. He confesses that he is too weak to do so as he does not know how to approach the act of love (Vick 9).
The different characters change the family especially in the way they relate to one another. The family had a happy ending as each member clings to what they feel suits them better. The father marries a beautiful wife as all his daughters also get married elsewhere (Vick 13).
Philosophical Context of the Movie and Confucianism Ethical Issues
The movie is a reflection of Chinese ethical values. For example, the generation gap is a vital reflection in this movie as portrayed by the three daughters refusing to eat the traditional food. But the second born daughter secretly likes the traditionally made food from his father’s house and aspires to be a chef even though the Chinese society does not allow women to be chefs (Xinzhong 8). From a philosophical perspective, it is the opinion of this author that this is a very backward trend in the society as portrayed in the movie.
Food takes center stage in this movie as portrayed by the effects it has on the relationship between the father and his daughters. Love follows second as reflected in the other characters that become an obstacle in the normal family relationship. From the three foundations discussed by the writer earlier in this paper, these two themes clearly reflect modernity as far as generation gap is concerned. This is in regard to how people from different generations relate to one another.
We will write a custom Essay on “Eat Drink Man Woman”: Confucian Ethics and Traditional Chinese Family Life specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Traditions seem to frighten the daughters away but the father seems to understand it. He convinces the daughters and succeeds in making one of them like the traditional meals (Vick 23). Confucianism is reflected here as the father shows humanity and patience when dealing with the daughters.
The three foundations the writer explained earlier and which includes li demands that each individual sacrifice his or her life to accommodate other individuals. This is clearly seen in the second born daughter who secretly loves the traditional food. Here, loyalty is paramount to adhere to the cultural values which lack in the other daughters.
As far as Confucian philosophy is concerned, the movie also reflects the kind of relationships that revolves around Chinese families. Relationship mounts to different levels which finally crescendos to the unexpected ending in the film.
The Chinese culture provides that relationship is the centre of the Confucius ideology. In this case, it requires duties to be carried out in certain manners by certain individuals. This includes different relationships from different individuals. For instance, the relationship between parents and children as well as relationship among the children, juniors, and seniors as well (Xinzhong 24).
The relationship in the film is reflected in the three daughters and the father. Some of the daughters are not aware of the place they occupy in the social order. This is clearly seen as the last born daughter behaves contrary to the Chinese norms. The Confucius requires young people to love their parents, when married to love the partner and so forth. All these are seen to recede in the background as modernism has taken root in the Chinese culture with fathers becoming cooks and daughters aspiring to become cooks too (Sinaiko 31).
Women in Confucian Thought
The film is revolves around the three daughters of a father who is widowed. The Confucian philosophy requires women to adhere to moral integrity. According to the philosophy, women are supposed to posses three qualities as far as a virtuous woman is concerned. First, they should be subordinate to the father before they get a husband. The woman is also supposed to be subordinate to the man she gets married to. Finally, the Chinese culture requires that the woman be subordinate to the son after the husband passes on. All these makes up the Chinese woman as far as chastity is concerned (Xinzhong 26).
Men on the other hand are supposed to remarry whenever they want and this is clearly evident in the movie as all of the daughters get married and the father also gets himself a beautiful wife hence the happy ending. However, the generation gap denies the characters in the film the opportunity to be virtuous women. This is seen as two of the daughters disregard the idea of the traditional food and start engaging in promiscuity (Xinzhong 29).
Promiscuity is seen in the younger daughter who gets pregnant while in college. The first born daughter has also tested love which led to a painful experience for her and that is why she is cynical about men. But at the end of it all she resolves to get engaged to a coach (Vick 19).
Not sure if you can write a paper on “Eat Drink Man Woman”: Confucian Ethics and Traditional Chinese Family Life by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Parting Shot
The movie has portrays different cultural aspects of the Chinese society specifically in Taiwan. The director’s idea in the movie was to point out the moral loss in the current Chinese cultural practices. The traditional foods seem ridiculous to the current generation but it is the only way to make sure that the traditional norms are passed from one generation to the other by a father. Love and life norms are also some of the director’s view in the film where Confucianism clearly illustrates the importance of adhering to the cultural values.
Works Cited Sinaiko, Herman. Reclaiming the Canon: Essays on Philosophy, Poetry, and History. New York: Yale University Press, 2010. Print.
Vick, Tom. Asian Cinema: A Field Guide. New York: Harper Perennial, 2008. Print.
Xinzhong, Yao. An Introduction to Confucianism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Print.
The Difference between a Leader and a Manager Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Executive Summary
The Role of Managers in Corporate Organizations
Leadership and Its Growing Demand
Leaders and Managers: Their Differences and Similarities
Building Your Leadership Skills
Executive Summary The management within corporate organizations has very critical roles. The managers remain central in enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness within most corporations. Business management principles identify the management roles to be very vital. Particularly, this applies to the present global competitiveness.
There are notable disparities between leadership and management. However, a critical examination into the roles indicates that these two categories are complementary. Having the appropriate management skills and forming a component of the team that propagate operations are common elements within leadership and management. The different leadership and management roles must be defined. It is also critical to analyze the concept of leadership in relation to increasingly transforming global organizational demands.
The Role of Managers in Corporate Organizations The term manager draws its basic definition from the kind or nature of the roles that the specific person undertakes. Generally, a manager may be termed as an individual charged with the obligation of planning, organizing as well motivating and controlling. Most managers usually assume the superior within distinct teams and have the authority to exercise certain definite powers.
Within corporate settings, the managers have the obligation to enhance the apprehension of the basic management process. In undertaking such roles, the corporate managers formulate plans and decisions. Apart from these, these managers bear the obligation of supervising, controlling and organizing various factors within the corporate organization. Some of these f actors may include human resource or other personnel, finances as well as the critical information resources.
The managers within corporate organizations have to design the formulae and art of attaining the objective organizational goals. It is imperative to note that such a role may only be attained under specified conditions. The conditions that these managers must fulfill to attain their goals are diverse.
Some of these include proper engagement of the available resources, such as the personnel and finances. Therefore, it can be deduced that corporate managers without appropriate and strategic resource management skills are likely to fail. The managers execute their roles within the corporate organization’s administrative position. The managers are specialists. They help in finding out solutions during intricate conjunctures. They have the capacity to take critical risks on behalf of the corporate organization.
Imperatively, they also operate to draw and outline the basic visions and mission for their organizations. They have the obligation to initiate and conduct basic research to innovate the basic methodologies to keep the organization competitive.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, these managers are responsible for implementing and supervising the various strategic approaches to the running of the organization. They have a crucial role in the development and formulation of the appropriate strategy for the corporate organizations. Additionally, they also stimulate and stir transformations within the organizations.
Supervisory roles are inherent within any management position. The managers within corporate organizations also have the obligation to motivate their followers. The managers motivate and encourage most workers to excel in their duties. Ensuring proper work distribution is a key management role within the corporate organizations. Managers are usually the heads of various departments and exercise defined responsibility over their subordinates.
Managers within corporate organizations have the responsibility to stir, initiate, and support innovation as well as novelty amongst the employees or other subordinate staff. The top management has the obligation to plan for the organization’s strategic goals or decisions. The middle-level management includes those who head various departments. They support the operating resolutions, supervise the first level managers and control the execution of critical decisions.
The first-line management has very significant roles. They also have a direct control of the corporate organization’s implementation procedures that basically occurs within the low levels. There are also functional managers that bear the responsibility for overseeing basic processes including production, marketing as well as finance. Indeed, it can be recognized that the managers within the corporate organizations have critical roles in enhancing efficiency and effectiveness within such organizations.
Leadership and Its Growing Demand Leadership has increasingly become a pertinent concern within the general business and organizational management. The increasing competitiveness and growing demands for more globalized management approaches have motivated the advanced demands for leadership. Particular kinds and theories for or generational leadership have been widely discussed by most scholars.
However, the basic fact remains in the application of strategic leadership approaches that have the capacity to enable firms develop competitively. Due to the highly flexible leadership demands, most organizations have emphasized on the need to engage more qualified and competent human resource. The leadership aspect has considerably been recognized during recruitment process. This enables most organizations to nurture critical leadership competencies and personalities.
Organizations globally seem to be possessed by a fresh motivation and passion for innovation, novelty as well as growth. This trend has particularly been noted following the duration of massive retrenchment as well as downsizings within such organizations.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Difference between a Leader and a Manager specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Rapidly growing technology, high rates of global expansion and flexible business models have resulted in the demand for more strategic and focused leadership approaches within organizations. The notable mergers as well as takeovers within most multinationals and domestic corporations are indicated to have significant impacts on the types of leadership required within various organizations.
Evidently, the present corporate leaders are seemingly confronted by a severe requirement for novel types of talent as well as leadership approaches. Various types of leadership approaches and theoretical models have been indicated to have significant and varied effects on the present organizational performance or efficiency. For instance, the capacity of transformational leadership approach to stir and motivate change and innovation amongst diverse groups has been noted.
As the leadership demands grow, many organizations and their managements are gradually realizing the need to integrate participatory approaches within the management. Employees are presently identified as the first and important stakeholders within most organizations. Therefore, the need to integrate them and apply a comprehensive leadership approach that includes all the stakeholders is eminent within most organizations.
The human resource departments within various organizations have had the challenge of recruiting personnel with promising and vibrant leadership competencies. Moreover, they have the challenge to assist such personnel with budding leadership skills to fully realize ad exercise their notable competencies. Due to flexible and ever-transforming business demands and competitive environments, there must be a clear methodology of defining the future leadership requirements within organizations.
Participatory leadership includes one of the most preferred and practiced leadership approaches within most organizations. Its continued application is premised on the fact that it allows room for collective bargaining and indulgence of all relevant personalities. It may also be applied in taking care of the employees’ demands and general welfare.
Generally, it can be noted that an appropriate leadership approach leads to high levels of efficiency as well as effectiveness within present organizations. Present leadership approaches within organizations must focus on a diversity of strategic issues. For instance, the leadership must be concerned on how the organization must quickly be prepared for transformation within the entire organization. Critical leadership skills needed for the future must be taken into consideration.
Technological, emotional as well as intellectual aspects of effective leadership have distinct influences on the organizations’ performance. Much demand is increasing for leaders who can foster development and growth. They must be highly innovative and intuitive in order to comprehensively deal with complexities within the highly competitive global business and organizational arena.
Leadership skills that enhance a person’s capacity to excel in a multicultural global environment are appropriate for efficiency to be realized within organizations. Leaders with in profit making organizations must also think like their clientele. Complete leadership competencies are also pertinent in enhancing success and effective organizational performance.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Difference between a Leader and a Manager by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Interpersonal associations, character, individuality and critical attributes are some of the vital elements required of effective leadership within present organizations. There is also a growing demand for those leaders with the capacity to work within the outlined processes. Generally, it is evident that present organizations need more strategic leadership approaches in order to remain more competitive and successful.
Leaders and Managers: Their Differences and Similarities Generally, a leader refers to an individual present or occupying the topmost designation or cadre within any institution or organization. The leader occupies this top most position in the organization with a basic defined objective. Basically, leaders endeavor to motivate or inspire certain personalities or followers to endeavor and attain distinct and outlined collective goals as well as objectives.
Leadership is basically the process of inculcating values and principles into the lives of individuals or followers. Effective leadership within any team or organization may be realized by ensuring the presence of maneuverability. This should evidently prevail even in the instances of adversity. An appropriate leadership approach should thus focus on providing outstanding quality client service, conquering novel grounds or avenues and collecting the needed resources.
Evidently, management and leadership are critical undertakings that usually go hand in hand and complement each other. Leadership in practice involves inculcating multiplicity, injecting motivation, enthusiasm as well as commitment and optimism. By initiating hard work, dedication and desire to succeed, leaders become role models.
They prepare others for the tiring road to success. Leaders conduct organizational reorientation, and systems downsizing. They also help in goals and deadlines accomplishment. The ability to influence others requires leaders to have full inherent energy. Weak leadership leads to poor organizational performance and inefficiencies. Leaders apply their power to influence the character of other people. Leaders are also endowed with the skill as well as information power.
Management generally refers to the art that involves planning, organizing as well as controlling any business process. In other terms, management has been seen to vary from leadership.
This is because it involves the exercise of executive, administrative or supervisory roles upon a specific group by a manager within an organization. Unlike leadership, management involves the supervision of the homogeneous and heterogeneous teams within an organization. Management assumes a substandard position of authority and remains obligated to a leader.
Through the observation of collective convictions, traditions, principles and cultures, the management roles ensure work processes are complete. Unlike leadership, management requires familiarity with individual traits such as the mastering of theoretical skills, practical skills, as well as human skills. The capacity to articulate ideas as well as other concepts allows the management to conquer barriers that obstruct concentrating on the wider picture.
With a superior comprehension of practical skills, management remains better-off rectifying practical and mechanical faulty systems. Unlike leadership, vital management paraphernalia is a person’s experience. The similarities between management and leadership are obvious. For instance, they both involve working with teams and diverse individuals. In order for both roles to be effective, there must be people skills.
Through working with different people, both the leader and manager must be alert and attentive. This is because both roles entail the addressing of worker’s needs as well as opinions. The followers’ welfare must, therefore, be considered in both leadership and management roles. Although there are significant disparities between leadership and management, there exist other shared core values that predominate as similarities between the two concepts.
Building Your Leadership Skills The art of leadership may not be easily mastered and practiced. Good and appropriate leadership is developed with the preferred character as well as relationship practices.
The skills also form a consequent rating scale for good leadership. Effectively performing leaders are widely respected. This is due to their integrity, constructive attitude, wisdom and their dedication or determination to success. Good managers are able to develop their leadership competencies. Due to this, they are able to become leaders with outstanding management skills.
Effective management calls for more than simply delegating roles to the team members. There is an evident need for the leader with the capacity to motivate group members in order to attain their maximum potential. In building leadership, one has to discover whatever individuals think about their management approaches. Such initiatives might be applied to enable a potential leader to make positive transformations.
An open-minded approach is critical in enhancing a person’s leadership competencies. Listening hard enables one to build their leadership skills. This is because through listening, one is able to offer appropriate problem solution approaches. This enhances an individual’s problem solution capabilities.
Practicing effective communication and feedback mechanism is important in developing a person’s leadership skills. This is because communication refers to an important leadership role that must be practiced. The capacity to respect the followers’ capabilities and lead through example also includes some of the important observations that are necessary for developing leadership skills.
Sharing tasks and other leadership responsibilities enables several individuals to enhance their leadership capacities. Furthermore, evaluation and monitoring of the team and individual success is a periodical undertaking that helps to note the weak and potential areas within leadership path. These are some of the important considerations for individual enhancement of leadership skills.
Conclusion As observed, leadership as well as well management form powerful structures. They exert remarkable manipulation within different workplaces or organizations.
Whilst management is obligated with creating order and stability, leadership is essentially meant for introducing transformation and movement. A leader enjoys diverse responsibilities, has several qualities and exercises upon many individuals for the purpose of the urge of achievement. Leaders appear to be more personal. On the other hand, managers are impersonal concerning goals.
Product Innovation and Pricing Report a level english language essay help
The product that will be introduced in the market is mobile money transfer. This is an intangible product, which involves the process of sending and receiving money via the mobile phone. There will be partnerships with the top eight wireless telecommunication service providers in the United States such as Verizon wireless, AT
Children Development Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Short Description of the Stages
Comparative and Contrast Analysis
Introduction Children development is a very complicated process. Trying to unite different ages in groups with he purpose to give some particular characteristics, scientists used the range of ages as children development may differ and some children at 4 years may possess skills and knowledge which others will acquire only at 6. There are particular norms which deviate in the issues of children development. Speaking, listening and comprehension, reading and writing are the main aspects according to which children development is accessed.
Early childhood (2-6) and middle childhood (6-10) are two age groups which stand close, however, children development at each of these stages is absolutely different. Giving the general characteristics of each of the stages mentioned above (early childhood and middle childhood) this paper aims to consider the differences in language development, reading and writing. Comparative and contrast analysis is going to help in the future choice of reading and writing tasks for children of different age groups.
Short Description of the Stages Early childhood stage (2-6 years) leads children through many physical, cognitive and social changes. Children at this age form stable reasoning aspects which help them develop their cognitive and mental thinking processes. Children at this age develop intuitive reasoning, their reason and consequence connections become more logical.
At middle childhood stage (6-10 years) children are able to complete more complicated thinking processes. The reasoning becomes more refined and detailed. Here is a detailed comparative and contrast analysis of the language skills, reading and writing development of children at two different stages, early childhood and middle childhood.
Comparative and Contrast Analysis Early childhood (2-6) Middle childhood (6-10) Language skills Children of this age rapidly increase and advance their vocabulary
Lack of understanding of some simple words and desire to know their meaning
Understanding of the “good listening”
Difficulty in pronunciation
Temporal words and comparatives become more understandable
Lack of knowledge of the irregular words
Literal understanding of information
Interpretation of the heard information
Ability to dwell upon a specific topic
The ability to create a story with the cause-and-effect reasoning
Reading Reading while playing
Children of this age are able to relate sounds to letters
Identification of some words in the context which is familiar for children
Use of the distinctive features of the world
The ability to hear phonemes is separately taken words
Word decoding skills are improved
Learning the skills of silent reading
Drawing inferences out of the read information
Writing Muscular control is increased in drawing
Writing of the elements of the letters and the abilities to connect them
Writing of the personal name and the simplest words, e. g. mom, dad, etc.
Writing of all the letters in the alphabet (after 4)
Smoothness of handwriting is increased
Size of the letters is decreased
Writing of the sentences and stories is dominating over the writing of the simple words
Appearance of the difficulties connected with identifying problems in personal wiring (problems connected with clarity are the most common ones
Table 1. Comparative and contrast characteristics of the age groups, early childhood and middle childhood (McDevitt,
Why is recess being eliminated from some of our public schools? Essay (Critical Writing) writing essay help: writing essay help
Most states are currently in the process of eliminating recess from their normal school programs. Different educational boards have cited a number of reasons for this action. These range from the fact that recess exposes children to unregulated play to the lack of enough time to learn.
There are also issues pertaining to the freedom of children during recess, which gives them the opportunity to bully each other and engage in negative social activities such as teasing. Some of the stakeholders have identified that children have to be molded through learning where a teacher provides structured guidance in all aspects of their lives (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 367).
This means that the freedom to participate in their own play activities freely may be discouraging a child’s wholesome growth. The fact that teachers are aware of what is best for each child under their care means that they are in an elaborate position to provide helpful guidance during play. There have also been a number of legal liabilities that have seen school boards incurring huge losses as a result of legal suits where parents sue the school for injuries sustained during play.
This debate seems to have overshadowed the benefits of free play as they are identified in the personal development of the child. Children are in a position to establish their own perceptions in as far as their environment and the people around them are concerned (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 383). This should be subject to some level of guidance to eliminate negative influences, but at the same time, it should not be dominated by adult preferences.
The fact that recesses as well as other activities that a child engages in while at school are supposed to prepare him or her for the eventual adult life means that normal social settings should be encouraged. The elimination of recess defeats the purpose of a random learning environment as the guidance provided to children remains unpractical in their adult life because of the random challenges they face (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 378).
Recess helps build an adaptive character where a child is able to cognitively perceive positive aspects out of every scenario without having to be forced by the teacher or guardian. The child has to learn to engage his or her creative abilities without having to rely on the teacher or guardian. The fact that children are at the top of the developmental ladder means that they are more likely to achieve mental, emotional and physical growth in the process of play.
There are a number of aspects of growth especially in as far as physical and emotional growth is concerned, which occur naturally. The solving of social dilemmas is often advised by inherent knowledge developed through voluntary growth. This is often encouraged through the engagement in free play where there is no adult influence that imparts regenerated solutions, which can be easily forgotten.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The elimination of recess can be greatly attributed to the changing social structure as well as the changing perceptions among parents. The fact that parents perceive their children as being in a position to avoid all the negative influences that they had to deal with as children such as injuries and bullies means that they are the main proponents of guided play (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 385).
Teachers are also more concerned over the opinions of parents rather than the general well-being of the children that entrusted unto them.
Works Cited Johnson, James, Christie James, and Wardle Francis. Play, Development, and Early Education. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. 2005. Print.
The Feelgud Company and Its Philosophy of Human Health Essay online essay help
Feelgud, a Maryland based company, is withdrawing all of its Headache Gone products following the reported cases of illnesses in Illinois and other parts. This follows the company’s philosophy as regards to human health.
In a statement, the company CEO reiterated the organization was determined to safeguard its image by putting the interests of the public first. Consequently, the organization is going to work with American Center for Disease Control to destroy the product.
The company decided to withdraw the product from the market following the reported cases of serious illnesses such as voting, diarrhea and general body weakness. It should be made clear to the public that the product underwent extensive testing and scientific research before being allowed to enter the market.
Furthermore, the product was allowed to trade in the American market after receiving approval from the governmental agency in charge of drug licensing. This is why the agency is willing to help the company monitor the withdrawal of the product from the market. Customer interests always guide the company meaning that the health of the public is a valued issue in the company.
Even though serious cases have not yet been reported, the company decided to pull back the product to investigate the possible problem. It is possible that the quality of the product could have been compromised either at the production site in Bangladesh or at the departmental stores within the country. The company urges the public to destroy any product that might have been purchased already before this announcement.
It is in the country’s health records that the product was effective before its quality was compromised. This information is supported by the fact that over 95% of citizens, approximated at 170,000 used the product successfully meaning that their needs were met. Due to developments in technology and the issue of globalization, many companies cannot trace the movement of their products.
Some fraudsters could have acquired the technology used in producing the drug. Furthermore, the contents of the product could have been tempered with hence, we urge the company to remain patient as the company, together with law enforcers, embark on a serious investigation. The findings of the investigations will be made public.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company wishes to notify the public to be cautious of any new changes in the product, including its effects, labeling, packaging, and distribution channels. Before using a product, ensure that the label is that of the company registered legally to distribute or to trade in a certain product.
Moreover, the public should be aware of any new adjustments as regards to packaging. Finally, ensure that the product meets the intended purpose. Should any customer experience any effect, either negative or positive, ensure that you report to the relevant authorities. Nonetheless, never hold back your suggestions. Try as much as possible to contact the manufacture. For any clarifications, the public is urged to contact 1 800 555-2233 for further clarifications.
The company wishes to assure the public that the product will be back in the market but after thorough investigations. Any inconvenience caused to the public is highly regretted. We urge the public to check continuously the press for further information regarding the product. We know that the product has been satisfying your need but your health is of great importance. You can as well check the company’s website to acquaint yourself with relevant information.
Globalisation, Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in Vancouver Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity are of much importance to sociologists and non-sociologists in similar methods, however, the past geographical perspective for the play out of economic development has long been of concern to sociological researchers.
Though, Vancouver B.C. has developed as the typical or quintessential example of the social process through which cities develop. It is an extended social group of a unique cultural and economic organisation in urban North America. Presently, through the progression of locally developed strategies, Vancouver has, with broad awareness presented itself as a form of modern city-making.
Like the most realistic of dreams, the city is creating itself as a district beyond and different from the usual expected transformation of a modern society. Perhaps, constant phenomenal is in accordance with the current social theories of globalisation, immigration, as well as ethnic and gender development in the city.
Vancouver B.C has propagated a number of myths about itself. These well established myths are accepted in the public mind. Nevertheless, it is a city of paradoxes.
Critical analysis beyond the understandable and the reasons for Vancouver’s success seem more often to do with historical occurrence that might have been arranged even though it was an unplanned formulated realism.
Contrary to plan and expectation, Vancouver’s precise state of separation in addition to the relative deficiency in political and economic authority has meant that it was avoided by the worst of North America urban renewal. However, freeways system of transportation using trains to move passengers or freight and underground pedestrian systems, large shopping centers, big-box retail, and super curved dead-end boulevards represent the traditional street network.
Certainly, metropolitan Vancouver does have many of the symptoms of modern North American town planning, predominantly in its remote suburbs and bedroom communities where, in fact, the majority of its inhabitants live. On the other hand, there is a virtuous chain of sanitary around the large and densely populated urban area of Vancouver itself: almost no freeways break the rules of its municipal boundaries or violate the regular street grid and a sum of just two main shopping centers besmirches its environs (Millar 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is a convinced irony in America cities looking upon Canada to consider what the United States taught the public about city building. In the case of Vancouver, both Shaughnessy Heights and the British Properties were urbanised through the giants of American town planning. Vancouver has been what newcomers want it to be, the perennial immigrants’ city of the migration. Yet it is the dream city that has seduced the imagination of emigrants and visitors alike.
Objectives This research paper will discuss the role of one aspect of the phenomenon (Globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity) in Vancouver, B. C. The paper will further explain the impact of geographical-regional inequality in addition to class polarisation, and function of the metropolitan city of Vancouver B.C. in the new global society.
Lastly, this research paper will assess how globalising forces impacts migration and social identities in Vancouver B.C.
Research question What are the sociological theories that best explains the local case of globalisation in Vancouver B.C?
What are the fundamental characteristics of the world-system view of globalisation?
What is Vancouver’s elemental DNA?
Methodology This research paper attempts to capture the fundamental nature of globalisation in the development and transformation of Vancouver as well as the sociological theory that best explains the local case. On the other hand, this research paper is not a clearly defined or formulated detailed and documented treatise of Vancouver’s urban geography and history of settlement (migration of people). Nor is it a wide-ranging review of the architectural tradition of the city.
Such theoretical accounts have already been well provided. The most important investigation of this paper is on an effort to understand the unique setting and urban forms that have shaped this young city and continue to influence its emerging development through globalisation. It is the selective focus on those evidences and characteristics that contribute towards deciphering the aspect of the phenomenon (Globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity) that is present-day Vancouver.
Statistics of Vancouver B.C Some vital statistics (Census Community Profiles 2006) to keep in mind in the beginning of this research are:
Vancouver B.C has two million residents (Census Community Profiles 2006).
Greater Vancouver is made up of twenty-one separate municipalities, and one electoral district, which together form the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD).
The city of Vancouver B.C has around six hundred thousand inhabitants-approximately 30 percent of the total city populace.
The land base of Greater Vancouver is 6571 km2 (2,537 square miles).
The size of land fit for urban development is much less, only about 1441 km2 (556 square miles) because of protected ridge of land that splits two adjacent river systems; local, regional, provincial and national parks; agricultural land; forests and land that is too steep to develop.
History and Background of the City of Vancouver B.C Vancouver is little more than a century old. Until about 1885, the only intimations of the future city were a factory, a church and some wooden houses in a clearing of the southern shore of an otherwise largely limited Burrard Inlet existed, though parts of the forest around the inlet had already been cut down.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Globalisation, Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in Vancouver specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Though, the traditional and historical chronology approach seems ill-natured, if not absolute irrelevant to understanding the forces that have developed and continue to develop it. This timely urbanism, is match up to almost any other city in the urbanised world. Vancouver is also inseparable from its natural surroundings, and the chronicle of its urban form is about its setting and context as well as about the built content.
Elemental City of Vancouver There is something truly elemental about Vancouver, a defining characteristic of place that only a few cities have and the principal geology from which Vancouver establishes its elemental essence can be put in this formula:
Latitude coastal longitude mountains = precipitation
To put it another way:
Temperature prevailing ocean winds vertical barrier = Pacific Northwest rain forest.
Almost everything about Vancouver springs from this detailed theory of environmental information: the freshness of the air, the flavor of the water, the light, the smells, the colors of the landscape, the food it cultivates and eats, the pure atmosphere and consequential lifestyle. This is Vancouver’s distinctive atmosphere, and, the city’s urban form is responding to these elements.
Vancouver as a terminus city There is an edge quality that has described the development in Vancouver from its beginnings. In a statistically significant process, apart from the early maritime voyagers who alerted Europe to these shores, Vancouver was not colonised from the ocean but through the solid part of the earth’s surface, unlike superficially similar places such as Sydney. It is the last stop, not the beginning, of the current Canadian story.
Its birth as a city was as the western terminus of the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway. It is the final continental stop on a route beginning, metaphorically, in the British Isles, and, geographically, in the southern Patagonia, where the Pan-American Highway starts a route that finally runs out of maritime contact at Vancouver. Vancouver has always been the metropolis at the last part of the line terminal city.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Globalisation, Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in Vancouver by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Ethno-cultural portrait of Canada This paper presents the ethno-cultural analysis representing the extent to which Canada at the beginning of the 21st Century presents a nation that has become progressively more multiethnic and multicultural. This description is diverse and differs from territory to territory, city to city, and community to community.
The movements of people to Canada over the precedent 100 years have formed Canada, with each new movement of immigrants adding to the nation’s ethnic and cultural composition. Half a century ago, most migrates came from Europe. Now most recent arrivals are from Asia.
As a result, the number of noticeable minorities in Canada is increasing. Moreover, Canadians registered more than 200 ethnic groups in puzzling out the 2001 Census question on ethnic lineage, reflecting a diverse, rich cultural pattern as the nation began the new millennium.
Globalisation in Vancouver Social action these days are increasingly impervious to geographical national borders. As a result of this globalisation is not any one thing but is comprised of several interrelated economic, political, social, and cultural processes (Sklair 100).
By the same indication, globalisation processes are not driven by any universal or predetermined way. Further, as its name underscores, globalisation involves processes that span the whole world, the globe, and as such it is qualitatively different to the international relationships, migration patterns, and political communication that have long existed between countries.
Globalisation, as a result, necessitates a shift in sociological side from the tendency to think of society as simultaneous with, or happening within and between, definite geographical national territories. Even though, there is no sociological theory of globalisation in Vancouver B.C., different theoretical filaments help us to make analytical sense of what globalisation means for social change and societal processes in Vancouver.
Globalisation as the procedure of incorporating nations and people-politically, economically, and culturally- into better communities have shaped Vancouver B.C and this procedure are one which is not linear or incremental but “dynamic, transformational, and synergistic”.
Consequently just as Durkheim emphasised that society is greater than the sum of the individuals who are in it, globalisation should be perceived as being more than the cumulative sum of the Vancouver B.C. and the inhabitants comprising the city. It has its own certainty, and as such builds social processes and moral forces that cannot be reduced to the economic, political, or cultural actions in Vancouver B.C.
In Durkheimian terminology, globalisation represents an objective social fact with its own external and limiting force in society (though, evidently, this should translate globalisation as an independent of society or motivated by some unseen, non-societal force; rather it is formed by society and impacts other processes in society). As well as, further globalisation extends and impacts both macro and micro processes (Robertson 84).
What might be said to be synergistically new about globalisation in Vancouver B.C is the concurrent circulation and flow of people (migration); gender equality; and of information about all sorts of people.
Globalisation in Vancouver B.C. has changed the dynamics of social life across all societal globes. As briefly defined by Leslie Sklair, globalisation is “a system of organising social life across open state borders,” and as such gives rise to characteristically global practices and global cultural practices (8).
Immigration, race and ethnicity in Vancouver Vancouver has been the scene of a different class of settlement by an ever-extending range of inhabitants and cultures, particularly Asians, because of its position on the Pacific Rim. It is a city of migrants. With respect to its inherent nature, it is becoming the social development of Canada, contributing to a new cultural anxiety, one that is much less focused on Europe and the Europeans.
Evidence of this cultural change is easy to discover in the metropolis’s pan-Asian union landscape and Asian festivals, in its contributing place as an area for the teaching of English as a second language and in its attractive ethnic marginal political strategy of taking undeviating action to achieve a political or social goal (Frary 2009).
The union of these two advance states, the physical and the cultural, offers the first evidence to clarify Vancouver’s developing urban structure.
Immigration and the Changing Culture of Vancouver Throughout narrative description of past events, cities have been the dynamic midpoint of political, economic, and social transformation. Globalisation processes and the changes they create once again draws interest on the position of the city in society.
The “sharing of knowledge” via migration of people from a different culture is one of the major causes of cultural globalisation (Giddens 76). One way of thinking about the effect of the global sharing of race and ethnicity and of the culture it displaces, is the theory of global unification, introduced by Roland Robertson (1992).
He offered reasons and arguments: “Globalisation has to do with the act of changing location from one place to another as a whole in the direction of unification- meaning unity of the world as a single social and cultural place” (348).
In line with this, the region that would in due course become Vancouver was formerly populated by local people. These occupants were replaced by immigrants. The immense number of early colonial migrants came from Britain and Europe, but the Gold Rush of the middle of the nineteenth century and the building of the transcontinental railways in the 1860s and 1870s drew migrants from other parts of the globe, together with those from Indian and, most remarkably, Chinese ancestry.
The 1901 periodic count of the population announced that about 10 percent of Vancouver’s inhabitants were from Asia. The possibility, as a result of a favorable amalgamation of circumstances for immigration to Canada from Asian countries, was strictly reduced in the end of the nineteenth century and the mid-twentieth century. In the 1880s, an individual tax was forced on migrants from China, and the cost was gradually increased to decrease immigration.
This first effort to limit the ethnicity of migrants was succeeded by decrees that made it impossible to migrate from India to Vancouver B.C, and restrained the number of migrants from Japan.
In the 1920s, the Chinese individual tax was withdrawn in support of an absolute ban on this form of migration. However, the impact of this plan of action in Vancouver B.C. is worth mentioning. Early Chinese, Indian, and Japanese people of the same race and ethnicity began to increase in the years signifying the primary function that follows the main developmental change of the century in the city of Vancouver B.C.
Though, this natural disposition was limited by a new plan of action. At the same time as, the decrees restricting the capacity or freedom of action, as well as the ban of Asian migration were taking place, the federal government implemented strategies to draw migrants from Europe. As a result, the proportion of Asian group of people who differ ethnically or politically from the bigger populace to the Vancouver population dropped, plummeting from approximately 10 percent in 1901 to below 3 percent in 1941 (Hiebert 1999).
Undersized Chinese and Japanese enclosed territory that is culturally different from the unfamiliar territory that surrounds it continued to exist close to the city center, but the number of immigrants has drastically reduced in number, especially in considering the fast expanding European populace.
All through most of the twentieth century, Vancouver’s unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes the development of globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity were directly linked with the resource of British Columbia. Furthermore, the city’s cultural masterpiece was distinctly European, Controlled or ruled by a British receptivity.
The changing context of the core-periphery world A fairly large distinguishing quality of the worlds’ system perception is that it distinguishes and, in reality, requires transformation within a system. Although the world system is an autonomous and consistent system (Wallerstein 347), it also has its own internally created pressures and challenges.
The passing of time, population change of location and demographic movements, and (following Marx) the ever-present challenge that belongs in capitalist production diversely result in recurring shifts as to which internal structures and groups have more power than others (347).
The structure of the capitalist world system, therefore, Wallerstein argues, is not set once and for all time by some watershed events in history. Geographical boundaries can develop such that areas external to the system can be included into it, typically into new outside edge or semi-periphery areas (mostly, historically, as a result of colonisation of peripheral areas).
By the same token, some regions may change their role in the system. Wallerstein Immanuel stated that such core territories can become semi-peripheral and semi-peripheral ones marginal (Wallerstein 350).
Although core states have an advantage over others, their status is not assured across a long period, and they necessarily encounter challenges.
In conclusion, it will be observed that this is a process which is neither seamless nor apolitical, and which is characterised by considerable economic disparities between and within countries and regions. Sociologists underscore that economic globalisation proceeds in tandem with the expansion of the power of transnational corporations and create new forms of class stratification, characterised by substantial inter-class social and economic inequalities.
Clearly, globalisation is of much substantive interest to sociologist, because on the surface, at least, globalisation is transforming the process of change in the society and the assumption made about the changes.
Works Cited Census 2006 Community Profiles. Vancouver, City and CMA”. Government of Canada. 2006. Print.
Frary, Mark. “Liveable Vancouver”. The Economist. 2009. Print.
Giddens, Anthony. The Consequences of Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990. Print.
Hiebert, Dorothy. “Immigration and the Changing Social Geography of Greater Vancouver.” BC Studies 121 1999: 35-82.
Millar, Royce. “No freeways puts Vancouver on top”. The Age Melbourne. 2006. Print.
Robertson, Roland. Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE, 1992. Print.
Sklair, Leslie. Globalization: capitalism and its alternatives. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2002. Print.
Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World-System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century, With a New Prologue. London, England: University of California Press, 2011. Print.
Health Care Reform Report a level english language essay help
Introduction Health care reform has remained to be an issue in the United States for the first time since 1994, when President Clinton proposed major reforms, there is provable consideration in reforming health care in America.
Research reported some constant challenges where unions of all influences are providing their own positions on the issue. Political activists and leaders are presenting concerns and solutions about these issues surrounding health care system. Some states have implemented different health care reforms and other states are on their way doing the same.
Interest in health care reforms is determined by three major issues, such as medical cover, cost, spending, and quality of health care services. With reference to coverage, it is estimated that above 50 million people were uninsured in 2007 and this makes up above one-seventh of the total population (Garber