French Geopolitics In Europe And Africa Case Study College Essay Help Online

There is a marked difference between the French policies in Europe and Africa. Indeed, the French geopolitics has been quite intriguing for some decades now (Lévy 279). Although both subjects are literally the same, the two topics have elicited great discourse and controversy. As a matter of fact, the aspect of location of Africa and Europe has been the major determining factor that has shaped how France configures its international relations with other nations (Lévy 279).

France has adamantly resisted the territorial invasion from the eastern bloc due to the fear of being politically overpowered. Besides, it has adequate natural agro-based resources compared to most of its neighbors in Europe. Due to the economic threat posed by powerful economies in Europe, France has largely decided to develop more friendly international relations with Africa because of the strategic location of the latter.

In addition, globalization and independence of former French colonies have made it quite easy for France to forge closer political ties with the potential economies in Africa (Lévy 279).

In any case, France has found it more lucrative to associate with African economic giants than some of its neighboring states in Europe. Moreover, there are several dreams in Europe which cannot be achieved easily in France. This perspective reflects Ratzel’s theory which asserts that territorial borders are very temporary parameters and hence do not hinder cooperation with countries that are considered to be organic and also in a continuous state of growth and development (De Blij, Muller and Hames 89).

Works Cited De Blij Harm, Peter Muller and Elizabeth Muller Hames. Geography: realms, regions, and concepts. New York: Wiley, 2001. Print.

Lévy, Jacques. A Twilight Zone: Identity Crisis in French Geopolitics. GeoJournal 46.4 (1998): 279-283. Print.


Tourism and language Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Introduction Tourism is beneficial to any country’s economy. It brings people from different cultural backgrounds together. In addition, it connects people who speak different languages. Tourists visit sceneries for various reasons. In this regard, they find themselves in unfamiliar environs.

Sometimes tourists face obstacles in their line of activities. These include language barrier, different cultures, remote areas, hostile natives, poor infrastructure, and meager facilities, among others. These are essential elements for successful tourism excursion. However, of great concern to tourist industry is language barrier. Language is very important as it ensures effective interaction and communication with the locals.

Language is therefore very important in tourism as it acts as the gateway to local environment. In essence, effective tourism cannot be achieved without proper communication channels. Various countries have initiated language-training centers for minimizing language barrier. This paper will explore various articles on tourism and language. It will also seek to establish its significance in tourism (Jayaprabha and Saredha 267-282).

Tourism and language Tourists visit different sites all over the world annually. Most people in Europe and America take time off visiting various sceneries throughout the world. Countries like Egypt, Kenya, Dubai, the United States, and Brazil, among others receive millions of tourists each year.

Moreover, due to their varying origins, they speak different languages that require translation for better understanding. In most cases, tourists take time to learn the language of their hosts. This enables them to interact best with the hosts. In some instances, they use tourist guides as interpreters. However, this does not offer better cultural bonding than the former. Tourism language is therefore essential for all prospective tourists.

Tourists who wish to visit the United States usually take English tests to allow for good interaction with the hosts. Moreover, those that go to countries in Asia and Africa also take the opportunity to learn local languages like Swahili, mandarin, and Arabic, among others (Cheng, Li, Petrick, and O’Leary 53-61).

Scholarly article Remodeling a changing language of tourism: from monologue to dialogue and trialogue

This article, by Graham, gives a description of the remodeling of tourism language. Graham gives an account of the top-down approach utilized in the earlier decades of tourism. During these periods, instructions were taken from above, that is from the industry without negotiation by the tourists or the toured.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In fact, tourists would incur avoidable expenditure in this structure of management. Tourism industry was therefore framed in accordance with the social control that existed during these periods. The author goes on to state that tourism language was articulated in a monological discourse as well as in unilateral with little chance of diversion.

However, this has since changed with the advent of technological advances. Digitalization of communication has proved significant in changing the modernist project witnessed in the nineties. This has allowed for a shift from top down approach to an interactive setup (Dann 59-70).

Technological advances such as the advent of the internet, among others, has brought about these changes since customers are able to channel their complaints through the digitized forum for better handing of their grievances. Present evidences show complete transformation of tourism language due to the digitalized communication system.

This has brought about egalitarianism as well as ethos of dialogue, which was once none existent. Moreover, even trialogue can be done successfully in the current situation. In essence, the author gives an account of the changes that have occurred in tourism language over the past century. He therefore concludes that a better democratization has been achieved with the shifting paradigm of media in tourism language.

The article is well researched with sources from credible journals among other references. Graham has written numerous publications on tourism and existing trends. He has a deep understanding of the industry and he has done well to relate its complexities with regard to social control. Tourism language has therefore undergone numerous changes over the past century (Dann 59-70).

Web article Central America’s language tourism

The article emphasizes on the importance of English to groups like Spanish, Italians, and French who attend English classes in Britain. In the process, they see great sceneries and they are referred to as language tourists. This is similar in other cities such as Antigua, Granada, and Leon, among others.

These cities have beautiful sceneries that attract large groups of language tourists. For instance, the article gives a description of the happenings in London during summer, when language tourists flock London. During their visits, some of the tourists catch a glimpse of Big Ben and the queen, among others.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Tourism and language specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They also get an opportunity to interact with locals, which provide them with a combination of learning, culture, and fun. Those who go for Spanish language schools have several tantalizing locations to visit. These include old towns, Mayan lakes, volcanoes, and hammocks among other popular routes for tourists (Mulcair 1).

The article also talks of the splendid locations for studying Spanish language at affordable prices. Moreover, it gives tourists an opportunity to interact with the locals in those areas. Hospitality in such areas is essential for it has increased the number of language tourists in those towns.

The author goes on to describe possible tourist attraction centers that thrive in Central America. In addition, Mulcair provides listeners with tantalizing elaboration on language tourism in Central America (Lewis 1). The article is well researched by a BBC correspondent who has experience in writing tourism articles.

Moreover, the article is balanced with exquisite description of events in intriguing manner. The article also gives fact on old colonial towns in Central America that drives tourism. In addition, it gives details on tourism routes that pass through Mexico. The article; therefore, emphasizes on the importance of language in tourism. It gives evidence of language tourism as a show of this fact (Mulcair 1).

Opinions Translating your tourism website in other languages – is it worth it?

This article talks about translation of tourism website into different languages to enable access from various people. This is important in tourism since its essence is to invite as many different people as possible. Wintle goes on to describe the various options utilized by website owners to access people from different cultures and languages.

In this regard, the author gives a vivid description of the differences that exist between simple translation and multilingual websites. The author does this by exploring the advantages and disadvantages of all the methods provided. Firstly, Wintle explores a simple translate which is also known as Google translate.

This method involves on the fly translation of website information by Google translate. Wintle gives its advantages as quick and easy to use. However, the article also mentions its disadvantage as inaccurate. Moreover, search engines cannot pick it. Its presence in other countries is also limited (Wintle 1).

The next option that the author describes is known as the multilingual site. In this case, one or more pages of a website are translated into other languages. It has the advantage of allowing for indexing by search engines. This helps in attracting more traffic and hence tourists. This option incurs a high cost and may be complex to materialize given that each page may require translation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Tourism and language by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The third option, as Wintle says, is the dedicated websites for each target market. In this case, websites are translated in accordance with the required target language. Wintle believes that this is the best option although it has its associated costs that are quite high.

Nonetheless, Wintle agrees that tourism websites require translation into various languages to attract more tourists. The paper is based on Wintle’s opinion, which is derived from research. This viewpoint is quite understandable given the level of explanation and depth involved. Language is therefore quite essential in tourism (Wintle 1).

Popular information source English for tourism

This article, by Hardwick, emphasizes on the importance of English as an international language. In fact, she states that the language is essential for anybody who deals with tourists from any part of the world. She therefore goes on to elaborate on a course that introduces various aspects of the language for tourism purposes.

In this regard, the article tackles the main points in English. Likewise, it emphasizes on essential vocabulary to enhance service delivery in tourism industry. In addition, the article gives description of English for tourism on various areas. These include hotel English, airlines, ethical tourism, destinations, responsible tourism, and business travel, among others. It encourages both tourists and the industry to invest in English as it improves understanding.

The website also contains articles written by other professionals like Richard Sidaway, among others. The article contains important information on hotel amenities that are common in various hotels around the world. In this respect, it tries to educate tourists and tourist guides to have such information at hand for better service delivery in the tourism industry (Hardwick 1).

The British council website is a popular information source where various people who range from tourists to students research information that are related to travel requirements and English tests, among others. Information provided in this website must therefore be credible to ensure that only correct information relating to travel and tourism is taken.

This source is therefore credible despite not having references as may be given in other scholarly articles. Moreover, information received in the article is meant for a wide range of people. This requires use of understandable language. In this regard, the article has used simple language for universal use and understanding. In addition, the article uses facts based on observations made throughout the recent past. For instance, English language is well known to be utilized in almost every part of the world (Hardwick 1).

Conclusion Tourism and language are inseparable. Language complements tourism and the converse is true. Tourism has developed over the years to allow for interactive liaison between the stakeholders involved. Moreover, it has abandoned the top-down approach previously observed.

The articles are quite essential in giving an in-depth description of the relationship between tourism and language. Moreover, they attribute these changes to technological advances that have brought about globalization. In essence, understanding of various languages is essential for success in tourism industry (Hemingway 1).

Works Cited Cheng, Chia-Kuen, Li, Xiang, Petrick, James, and O’Leary, Joseph. “An examination of Tourism Journal development.” Tourism management. 32.1 (2011): 53-61. Web.

Dann, Graham. “Remodeling a changing language of tourism: from monologue to dialogue and trialogue.” Pasos. 10.4 (2012): 59-70. Web.

Hardwick, Carolyn. English for tourism. 2012. Web.

Hemingway, Alexandra. Using your language skills: Hospitality and tourism. 2012. Web.

Jayaprabha, Palanisamy and Saredha, Arumugam. “Automatic conversion of web content into ontology-based resource description language for tourism domain.” International Journal of innovation and learning. 12.3 (2012): 267-282. Web.

Lewis, Benny. Where are all the language tourists? 2012. Web.

Mulcair, Amy. “Central America’s language tourism.” BBC. 28 February 201: 1. Travel. Web.

Wintle, Fabienne. Translating your tourism website in other languages – is it worth it? 2012. Web.


Tourism and Cultural Change Research Paper college admissions essay help

Introduction Cultural change is prevalent in virtually every part of the world. This change is highly influenced by cultural mix, which is brought about by tourism. Tourism brings people from different cultural backgrounds together. It ensures that cultural mix is achieved. Over time, cultural mix brings about change, which is usually gradual. Tourists visit various sceneries throughout the world. This ensures that they meet different people from varied cultural backgrounds.

In essence, cultural change is a result of tourism and media, among other factors. However, tourism plays a significant role in cultural change. Cultural change has raised concern over its long-term repercussions. For instance, a number of cultures have been swallowed by others considered superior. This has brought about cultural decay in various parts of the world. Cultural change is highly observed among the youths.

Furthermore, some cultures merge to form new ones. A number of countries have initiated plans to preserve their cultures. Moreover, some tourists go about exploring for unique cultures. These include the Maasai culture in Kenya and the Bushman culture in Namibia, among others.

It is therefore essential that cultural change be closely monitored with a view to preserving cultures that are beneficial to society. This paper will explore various articles on tourism and cultural change. It will also seek to establish its significance in tourism (Butler and Hinch45).

Tourism and Cultural change Cultural change is widely evident throughout the world. Various ethnicities have lost touch with their cultural backgrounds. Media is widely blamed for this change. However, tourism is also a big factor in cultural change. People from different cultural backgrounds meet in tourism industry. In the process, cultural mix is achieved as they try to move along.

This is highly evident among tourists that go for exploratory purposes with the intent of migrating to those areas. Once they migrate, it is only a matter of time before cultural change starts. Tourism; therefore, has a big influence on cultural change. It begins the onset of cultural change.

This is quite detrimental to inferior cultures. For instance, most western cultures have swallowed their superior counterparts. This has destroyed diversity and cultural prowess that was once magnificent. Moreover, the introduction of international languages like English, Spanish, and French, among others has worked to escalate cultural change. Tourism and cultural change are; therefore, inseparable since they complement each other (Loulanski 837-862).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Scholarly article Cultural tourism in an ethnic theme park: tourists’ views

Yang’s scholarly article explores cultural tourism through the perspective of tourists. It looks at factors that affect cultural tourism on the side of tourists. The paper explores experiences of tourists in cultural tourism with a view to ascertaining factors that influence cultural tourism.

To achieve this, the author borrows from several sources like secondary sources, informal interviews, surveys, and observation to come up with quality research on the subject. In this regard, the author explores their views on cultural authenticity and experiences, among others.

From these results, the author finds that most tourists are more concerned with satisfaction than specific issues relating to authenticity of cultural assets. In essence, they are not concerned with the specifics of cultural change; instead, they are concerned with overall satisfaction and experience from tourist sites. This shows that less focus is placed on monitoring cultural change than on overall satisfaction.

That is, cultural change takes place unnoticed. The article also mentions that a number of tourists showed concern about misinterpretations, high costs, and poor service, among other issues in the sites. This shows perceptions and cultural differences between the visiting and the visited culture. In essence, the article gives experiences and views of tourists on cultural tourism. The paper is; therefore, well research with a view to establishing cultural changes caused by tourism (Yang 320-340).

Web article Authenticity and commodification in changing tourism trends

This article talks about issues of authenticities, which relates to culture commodification. The authors affirms that commodification of cultures is common in various sectors of the industry. In fact, she claims that this occurrence in culture is relevant in many destinations globally. She lists the numerous authors that have contributed to this topic over the years.

These include MacCannell and Shepherd, among other theorists. Moreover, she reviews the concepts of authenticity in the concept of cultural change. In addition, Bougot explores the advantages and disadvantages of culture commodification. Moreover, the article goes on to explore staged authenticity as a resistance tool utilized by some host communities. The article continues by stating its shortcomings in conducting literature review on cultural commodification.

Moreover, it focuses on the impacts of commodification in locals that reside in areas sites but are not actively involved in tourism industry. This shows how essential cultural change is to the tourism. It also shows the impact caused on locals by cultural change. This paper is well researched with a view to establishing commodification and authenticity trend s in tourism. It succeeds in doing this although it calls for further research on the same.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Tourism and Cultural Change specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The author uses a wide range of sources to support her arguments. These sources are derived from credible texts that are important in strengthening her arguments. Moreover, she relates these trends to the modern tourism techniques like poverty tourism. In essence, tourism has led to commodification of culture (Bougot 1).

Opinions Group pushes cultural tourism

The article emphasizes the need for cultural tourism. It gives a detailed discussion of the need for a push towards cultural tourism. In fact, the author uses quotations to show evidence of the need for increased cultural tourism. In this regard, the author pushes for preservation of heritage to attract cultural tourism.

It gives examples of Filipinos who have worked towards preserving heritage for tourism purposes. Moreover, the author talks of the need to empower artisans as proposed by one of the members instead of saving them (artisans). Moreover, the author emphasizes on cultural preservation by mentioning the venue, which was chosen after its listing in the World heritage sites, this was done in 1999.

The author shares information from the forum in which they discussed ways of preserving world heritage for increased cultural tourism. Moreover, the author attributes need for heritage conservation to function as a medium for resolving conflicts, rebuilding post-disaster societies and resuscitating peacekeeping (Orejas 1).

The author also believes that preservation of heritage sites brings about many benefits to the community and its neighborhood. These include benefits in education, economy, and psychology. These are important in building strong relationships between individuals concerned. In essence, the author attributes peace building to preservation of cultural assets like heritage sites.

The author goes on to mention the fact that communities that preserve literature are important in attracting cultural tourism. In essence, the author emphasizes on the need for cultural preservation for the greater good of society. In this regard, the paper does not encourage cultural change as seen in other sections of the paper.

In fact, it emphasizes the fact that varied cultures promote cultural tourism. This is important since most communities have devalued their cultures and instead acquired other cultures to achieve tourism. This paper is well sourced since it is based on opinions of theorists and researchers on cultural tourism, among others (Orejas 1).

Popular information source The Impact of Culture on Tourism

OECD is a popular information website where materials related to tourism and economic developments are retrieved. The website has information on tourism and cultural change as it connects different countries with common objectives of economic development. Tourism plays an important role in economic development of these countries as they seek to increase their revenues. This article tackles impact of culture on tourism.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Tourism and Cultural Change by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It begins by lauding facts on the importance and presence of cultural tourism. In fact, it considers cultural tourism as the most increasing and biggest global tourism niche in the world. It then goes on to affirm the importance of culture in enhancing tourism. The paper also notes that creative industry is also partly involve in enhancing tourism.

Culture brings about attractiveness and competitiveness for promotion of tourism. The paper asserts that most locations around the world are actively improving both their intangible and tangible cultural resources to improve their suitability as tourism destinations. Moreover, this is aimed at bringing uniqueness in a globalized world (OECD 1).

The paper also goes on to explore effects of culture on tourism. Moreover, it examines the connections between culture and tourism. In this, the paper states that culture is one of the main driving factors in tourism industry. It states this because culture enhances the uniqueness and attractiveness of tourism destinations around the world. Likewise, it adds to the competiveness of these destinations.

However, this can be seen to bring about cultural change since the motivation is tourism and not culture. In essence, the paper concurs with the fact that the need for tourism has led to cultural change. That is, locations around the world are working to shape their cultures in a manner that would attract more tourists.

In this regard, change is unavoidable if tourism can be achieved. In fact, numerous locations have even opted to leave their cultures and strengthen others for tourism purposes. For instance, some communities that consider their cultures unattractive have acquired cultures they consider attractive to lure tourists. This is detrimental to culture because it promotes cultural decay (OECD 1).

Conclusion Tourism and cultural change are attached. Tourism influences cultural change. On the other hand, cultural diversity also influences tourism. For instance, some tourists visit people to learn their culture. In the process, there is cultural exchange with brings about change. Cultural change can also be attributed to other factors like technological advances, which has made tourism easy and fast. In addition, media and internet have played important roles in influencing cultural change.

However, it is essential to note that tourism has also contributed towards preservation of culture. This is evident in countries like Kenya and Tanzania where The Maasai culture has been preserved for tourism purposes. Nonetheless, this is quite rare because, more often than not, tourism brings about cultural change (Reisinger and Turner 112).

Works Cited Bougot, Claire. Authenticity and commodification in changing tourism trends. 25 Nov. 2011. Web.

Butler, Richard and Hinch, Tom. Tourism and indigenous people: Issues and Implications, Jordan Hill, Oxford: Elsevier Ltd., 2011. Print.

Loulanski, Tolina. “The sustainable integration of cultural heritage and tourism: a meta-study.” Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 19. (2011): 837-862. Web.

OECD. The Impact of Culture on Tourism. 2012. Web.

Orejas, Tonette. Group pushes cultural tourism. 13 Nov. 2012. Web.

Reisinger, Yvette and Turner, Lindsay. Tourism and Politics: Global frameworks and local realities, Kidlington, Oxford: Elsevier Ltd., 2011. Print.

Yang, li. “Cultural tourism in an ethnic theme park: tourists’ views.” Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change. 9.4 (2011): 320-340. Web.


Tourism and Material Forms of Culture Research Paper college application essay help: college application essay help

Introduction The tourism industry has experienced massive growth over the years. It is one of the world’s principal businesses and has been sustained by the increase in international trade. Its contribution to the global GDP in 2011 was 9% with 255 million people working in the tourism industry (World Tourism and Travel Council 1).

Many people travel far and wide to see, discover and enjoy the culture and heritage of other people. In turn, it has led to civilization and peaceful coexistence among the world’s inhabitants.

Tourism has both positive and negative impacts in a community or region. Tourism helps in preserving traditions, financing the guarding of the customs and heritage, improving dialogue and mutual understanding and alleviating poverty. Its negative impacts include damaging of the heritage through depletion of resources if not well run and administered and social degradation.

Tourism has to be well managed to ensure sustainability in the long term. Preservation and enrichment of cultural tourism can be achieved through involvement and participation of local communities; formulating policies to guide the local governments or regions in managing their tourism sites and changing people’s attitude and perception of tourism.

Cultural tourism is that form of tourism that involves a country’s or region’s lifestyle, their history, art, architecture, religion and beliefs that aided in shaping their way of life. It is one of the biggest and fastest growing worldwide tourism markets. Cultural tourism has become very competitive and attractive and as such, many countries have taken a keen interest in it as a source for economic development. Therefore, they are vigorously developing and promoting their tangible and intangible cultural assets to ensure their uniqueness and attractiveness.

Each country has its own unique cultural attraction sites. In this research, four regions are described. The regions selected are Liab Klong Phraya Bunlea area in Thailand, Azerbaijan, Egypt and Brazil. The various forms of tangible cultural tourism in the regions are highlighted, their impact on the economic growth and how the local government is involved in ensuring sustainability of the cultures.

Forms of material culture Material culture can be termed as a form of culture that comprises all tangible, physical and man-made artifacts, objects, resources, items, spaces and expressions that define the past and modern day. Forms of material culture include buildings such as churches, temples, mosques, industries and temples; monuments; artifacts; goods and products; historic towns; archeological areas; landscape; and tools.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More UNESCO has tried setting a global structure for protecting the various forms of culture and heritage. Through the various conventions and declarations held since 1972, arts, monuments and different types of built environment have been protected (Robinson and Picard 18).

Research examples Liab Klong Phraya Bunlea community, Thailand

Tourism is a key revenue earner for the Thai Republic. The industry successfully developed due to the injection of more than ten thousand million baht to improve and ensure its growth (Buranakitti, Keraaatiburana, and Wata 86). Liab Klong Phraya Bunlea area covers Lad Bua Luang, Song Pee Nong and Bang Len districts.

The tangible cultural assets in the Liab Klong community comprise of archeological sites, native foods, traditional goods, raw materials and agricultural products.

In the three districts, the material forms of cultural attractions include a shrine of the city god; Rat Bua Luang, Tri Para Sima and Suttawat temples; Ya Mi Auk Koy Rot, Nu Rul Da Ya, Na See Rud Deen and Al Furqon mosques; Phraya Bunluea, Pisorn, Kwang Wat Tee, Lamrang Nong Plamor, Mekala, Mue Kong, Lak Chai and Ton Tan canals; products and goods from shells, coconuts, corn peel, flowers created from menthol and dried grass frames; and native foods such as preserved fruits, baked bagasse fish, coconut candy and crisp rice (Buranakitti, Keraaatiburana, and Wata 88-89).

From the examples given, it is seen that this community has many tangible cultural assets and therefore, preservation is of utmost importance.

The massive growth of the tourism industry has come with its own positive and negative repercussions. The standards of living of the people have tremendously increased. This is attributed to the income generated from tourism, both directly and indirectly. Despite this, nature, environment and culture have all been negatively affected.

To ensure proper management and conservation of tourism sites, the Thai government through the local government organization decided to engage the local community and entrepreneurs by holding seminars where ideas could be shared on ways of improving the community’s cultural sites.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Tourism and Material Forms of Culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, it came up with a three year development plan (2010-2012) for promoting transport and all public utilities in the area; improving the education system and promotion of indigenous knowledge to preserve religion, art and culture; educating people on the significance of natural resources and environment through promotion of programmes for improving landscapes and eliminating waste products and coming up with a methodology for managing the income generated from tourism (Buranakitti, Keraaatiburana, and Wata 90). With all these efficient measures in place, the tourism industry in Thailand is set to blossom and grow.

Azeri culture of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is one of the ancient nations of the world. It has many cultural monuments and works of art. Due to its location and different climatic zones, it is very attractive for tourism. Artists in the country decided to explore their abilities and creative skills and therefore came up with fine and rich works of folk arts.

The folk arts are used to exhibit the people’s way of life, their artistic tastes and the state’s image and significance (Baku Tourism Information Center 3). Other cultural assets include historic buildings and monuments such as Azikh cave, maze of alleys and remnants of fortification such as the Palace of Shirvanshahs and Maiden Tower.

The tourism sector contributes 10% of GNP, 8% of export and 8.1% of jobs (Bayramov, Aliyeva, and Mikayilov 1). However, the sector is unexploited. This is seen clearly when compared to Turkey which earned US$20.807 billion in tourism revenue in 2010. Cyprus made a profit of US$2 billion while Azerbaijan earned US$100 million (Bayramov, Aliyeva, and Mikayilov 2).

The sector is untapped and impeded by high costs of travel and hotel accommodation, poor service quality, low levels of tourism marketing and promotion, poor infrastructure, lack of skilled guides and interpreters, difficulty in visa processing and lack of travel guide books (Bayramov, Aliyeva, and Mikayilov 5).

To increase revenue generation from tourism, the Azerbaijan government should aim at improving infrastructure such as electricity, water, gas and proper sanitations; increasing commuter buses to tourism sites as well as providing traveling guides in the buses; construction of more restaurants in the tourist localities; building and improving hotels for accommodation purposes and ensuring the services offered are of high quality meeting international standards.

Since most historical spaces are closed, the government should ensure that these sites are refurbished and reopened to the public. Educating the local people on the ways of protecting their cultural sites and ways of earning income from tourism should be encouraged and lastly, the government should ensure that extensive marketing and advertising is done both internally and internationally.

Cultural tourism in Egypt

Egypt is an African country with numerous monumental landmarks making it one of the most popular destinations. Tourism is one of its major income earners. Examples of landmarks in Egypt are the famous pyramids (Giza, Sakkara, Dahshour, Abu Rawash and Mydoum); Luxor temple; the Sphinx; museums such as Egyptian and Coptic; Sultan Hassan Mosque; castle of Qaitbay; monastery of St. Paul and amphitheatre of Kom El-Dikka.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Tourism and Material Forms of Culture by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Egypt’s tourism sector was producing annual revenue of more than US$12 billion (Global Heritage Fund 3) with an economic growth of 7% per year (Reuters 2).

In early 2011, there were nonviolent demonstrations demanding for a change in government and leadership. This revolution hugely impacted on the tourism sector as fewer tourists visited the cultural sites due to fear of the upheaval. This led to a decline in the revenue generated by US$4 billion (Global Heritage Fund 3). Political stability has since prevailed after election of a new government.

In 2012, the economy growth rate was 2% and the number of tourists visiting Egypt in the first nine months stood at 8.8 million with an additional 4million expected by the end of 2012(Trade Arabia News Service 1). It is projected that the number of tourists will increase in 2013 to 15million (Trade Arabia News Service 4). The Egyptian government, through the Egypt Tourist Authority is boosting the tourism sector by funding and supporting festivals to ensure a continuous stream of tourists into the country.

Cultural tourism in Brazil

Brazil’s tourism economy is the fastest rising in Latin America. In 2011, the industry contributed US$79 billion to the GDP and 7.7 million jobs (World Travel and Tourism Council 1). The industry is boosted by the influx of tourists to its world heritage sites. These sites include historic towns and centers of Ouro Preto, Olinda, Sao Luis, Diamantina and Goias; Sao Miguel das Missoes ruins; Sanctuary of Bom Jesus Congonhas; City of Brasilia; Pantanal Conservation area and Jau and Iguacu National Parks.

However, Brazil’s tourism industry is hampered by the lack of adequate infrastructure such as airports, ports and hotels; poor service delivery and lack of properly trained workforce (Lohmann and Dredge 1).

With the FIFA world cup being hosted in Brazil in 2014 and the Olympic Games in 2016, the government is tasked with improving and increasing the airports, ports and hotels to accommodate tourists expected there in 2014. Moreover, the government has invested in the industry by increasing its funding by 5.2% and marketing tourism (World Travel and Tourism Council 4).

Conclusion The examples described above show the importance of cultural tourism on a country’s economic growth. Tangible cultural assets have become vital elements for promoting tourism. Proper management of cultural and heritage sites ensures sustainability of tourism and enhances economic growth. Involvement of local communities in protecting the cultural sites, offering quality services, good infrastructure and ensuring security of tourists are some of the factors that develop tourism.

Works Cited Baku Tourism Information Center. “Azerbaijan Culture: General Information on Azeri Culture.” Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan. 2012. Web.

Bayramov, Vugar, Leyla Aliyeva and Xalid Mikayilov. “CESD Policy Report on Tourism Sector in Azerbaijan.” Center for Economic and Social Development. July 2011. PDF file. 15 Nov. 2012.

Buranakitti, Sarinyarapat, Ying Keraaatiburana and Chakraphat Wata. “The Cultural Tourism Development Model of the Local Government Organization in Liab Klong Phraya Bunlea Community.” American Journal of Scientific Research. 58 (2012): 85-96. Euro Journal Publishing Inc. Web.

Global Heritage Fund. Heritage on the Wire: Egypt’s Tourism Sector Tumbles amid Violence. 2012. Web.

Lohmann, Gui and Dianne Dredge. Tourism in Brazil: Environment, Management and Segments. Routledge. 1 June 2012.Print

Reuters. “Egypt Invests in Tourism and Film Industry to Boost Economy.” Al Arabiya News Channel, 23 Sep. 2012. Web.

Robinson, Mike and David Picard. “Tourism, Culture and Sustainable Development.” United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2006. PDF file. 15 Nov. 2012

Trade Arabia News Service. Egypt Sees 12million Tourists in 2012. 15 Nov. 2012. Web..

World Tourism and Travel Council. Brazil is leading the Travel


Doing Business in India: Outsourcing Manufacturing Activities of a New Tablet Computer to India Report college admission essay help

Introduction The main aim of the report is to explore and state the conditions according to which it is possible to choose India as the most appropriate country for outsourcing in relation to the tablet computer industry. The justification of the choice is provided in the report with references to the criteria which are significant for operating within the industry successfully.

India can be discussed as the most suitable country for outsourcing because its labour market is characterised by the highly educated and skilled work force, high quality services provided, possibilities for cost savings, and developed technologies along with favourable government policies, and the fast growing infrastructure, and these factors can be considered as beneficial for implementing effective outsourcing policies (Bullen, LeFave,