The Freedom of Information Act was signed into law with very noble ideals at its behest. However, the privatization of functions of the government has constrained the functionality of the law as it was originally envisaged.
One might argue that private corporations responsible for carrying out contracts that formerly feel on the government are competing in an environment where profits are key (Cásarez, 1995). Therefore, the vetting processes of these corporations take care of the public trust issue as they ensure that those awarded the contracts are the most qualified and transparent.
Essentially, the privatization of former government functions translates to the movement of responsibility from public agencies to private companies. The letter of the law does not obligate private corporations to divulge their information in any manner (Mays, 1995). Therefore, private companies, albeit carrying out public functions, are under no obligation to share information under FOIA and FOIL.
The fact that some private corporations utilize public funding should compel them to surrender their records to the extent which the public funding covers (Rivard, 1997). Many of the commentators who are for the private corporations being subject to FOIA regulations argue that although the letter of the law does not obligate the private corporations to divulge their information, the spirit does in the sense that they utilize public funds and thus should be subject to public scrutiny.
They further assert that the courts have been the hindrance to the implementation of FOIA guidelines in private companies since they give a shallow and narrow meaning of what was envisaged by “agency” and “agency record” under the FOIA (Hall, 1978). Those that argue to the contrary are fixated on the letter of the law which omits private corporations not classified as agents from divulging their information.
There should not be any difference in guidelines between privatization of traditional and non-traditional services by the government. This is because, regardless of the magnitude of the service provided, there is the aspect of public funding (Feiser, 1999) and this empowers the public with the right to the information possessed in the provision of those services to the extent of public funding.
Regardless of how resource intensive the services are, they should still be subject to regulation in the same way as the public reserves the right to all public information pertinent to them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In January 1998, nuclear watchdog groups wanted to review the records that were held by contractors who were under the Department of Energy (DOE) in the US which is the largest contracting agency for the federal government on allegations of underhand deals in the expedition of their contracts.
The DOE however denied the groups access to the records citing that the contractors were private companies that were not obligated to hand in their records under the FOIA (Hoffman, 1998). The DOE was contracting over 80% of its work to private corporations and non-profit organizations. As such, such an action that denied access to records undermined the credibility of the government´s accountability (Bunker
Self Esteem and Culture in a Learning Environment Essay essay help online
Learning process functions in a dynamic but systematic process that is greatly influenced by the main objective, sub objectives, and the environment in which learners are subjected to in the process of knowledge acquisition. According to Slavin (2006):
Students differ. They differ in performance; level, learning rate, and learning style. They differ in ethnicity, culture, social class, and home language. They differ in gender. Some have disabilities, and some are gifted or talented in one or more areas. These and other differences can have important implications for instruction, curriculum, and school policies and practice. (p. 98)
Thus, the educator should be attached to the lesson objective and learn from the students especially on cultural differences and language in order to create a friendly and inclusive environment.
Reflectively, the conceptual idea of this treatise is an in-depth analysis of the aspects of social environment and objective and their influence on quality of learning, self-evaluation, goal setting, decision making, and inclusive education as means of building confidence and self esteem among learners irrespective of cultural background (Slavin, 2006). In addition, the treatise describes practical approaches employed by instructor to build confidence in a class of learners from diverse backgrounds.
In the elementary class video, the instructor is keen on approaches used in affirming confidence among learners. Since this class consist of relatively young population from diverse background, the teacher adopts inclusive methodology and encourage total participation by assigning duty to the seemingly minority group.
Notably, inclusion of bright color in the learning process is apparent to attract attention of the young learners who prefer practicality as opposed to theorizing of the objective. Besides, it is apparent that the instructor is aware of the level and cultural diversity of the class and uses simple sentences in presenting new ideas and appealing for participation by assigning duties.
Observation and Description Group Characteristics
As observed in the elementary class video, the class is of medium size consisting of learners in elementary level of learning. Apparently, the class is balanced in terms of gender and draws learners form different background such as Latino, Pilipino and main stream American culture. The course resonates on the facets of active participation education in which every learner is expected to present a practical approach in translating theory into actuality. This lesson involves use of papers of different colors. Each learner is given four papers; three white and one green.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More b.) As observed in the video, the tone of the instructor uses simple language and stresses on emphasis for every statement uttered. Through repeated use of the phrase “okay”, the tone appeals rather than command the learner on instructional methods. Since the class consists of different culture, the instructor uses a neutral accent with slight incorporation of Latino pronunciation and slow pace of speech so as to include the slow learner and special needs student.
Analysis, Explanation, and Reasoning Confidence building
The observed teacher is keen on the intensity of grammar used in imparting knowledge in a diversely cultured class. In order to build confidence and affirm positive self esteem, the instructor pronounces instructions slowly and repeatedly.
Reflectively, this approach is essential in creating a tension free learning environment as slow learners are given equal opportunity to grasp concepts at minimal level of strain. In addition, the observed teacher is keen on diversity of her class and applies inclusive instructional methods (Slavin, 2006).
To achieve this, she concentrates on making every student participate directly and actively. Moreover, in distribution of materials, the instructor allows a learner to issue materials, which in itself, is a means of creating an environment of confidence in others. In order to ensure that the learner is up to instructor’s goals, she is keen on following up progress of the learner. Thus, pleasure and self elegancy created promotes invention and participation as the learner develop sense of appreciation for attention given.
The level of Engagement
As observed in the video, the level of student engagement can be described as interactive. Reflectively, the learner is involved in lesson activities and is expected to have creative input at the end of the lesson (Slavin, 2006). The engagement is noted in resource materials distribution and gauge on level attentiveness as the instructor confirms from the learner his/her progress with a previous assignment before proceeding to the next.
Connection to Effective Teaching Practices As observed in the video, the main teaching strategy adopted by the instructor is participatory learning. This strategy is inclusive of the need for active participation by the learner who is encouraged and motivated to optimally function actively in class activities without fear of developing inferiority complex problem.
In a relatively diverse class such as one in the video, fear and low self esteem is a common occurrence especially when the minority or special needs learner has to cope with his/her normal counterparts. Subsequently, limited space for activating positive self esteem may result into lack of confidence and diminished courage to practice inquisitive learning.
We will write a custom Essay on Self Esteem and Culture in a Learning Environment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Fortunately, the instructor is aware of this and is successful in applying inclusive participatory approach in imparting knowledge. As a matter of fact, the learner is given an opportunity to contribute and special attention to gauge progress. Before proceeding to the next concept, the instructor ensures that the learner is at par with lesson objective.
Characteristic of a class room environment with learners of diverse background, inclusive education offers the best alternative in active learning process. Since participatory learning triggers creativity and inquisition, interaction with peers create a comfortable room for boosting self esteem irrespective of physical or cultural variations which may exist.
As the learner interacts with peers, confidence in expression and self ingenuity naturally surface. The key aim of a lesson objective is ensuring that the learner is in a position to accurately and practically apply acquired knowledge within accepted facets of interpretation. In this scenario, this aspect is inspired by the instructor who acts as a guide and a learner of cultures at the same time.
In the process of learning from the student, the instructor creates room for free expression and flexibility to accept diversity as strength. Generally, use of interactive and inclusive strategies offers comprehensive approach in understanding acculturation and impact of the same on learning as a process and a system.
In the process of internalizing competency, secondary aspects of inclusive learning through direct participation facilitates formal and informal establishment of a risk-free classroom environment as involvement functions on equitable treatment. In addition, at macro level, inclusive learning process reinforces positivity in self expression, interaction and presentation of set goals, evaluation criteria, and personal reflection without feeling neglected.
Evaluation Effectiveness of Strategies Applied
Reflectively, the instructor has successfully applied inclusive participatory approach as an education strategy. Despite divergence in acculturation, the learner is active and participates fully among peers. Besides, the instructor has created a free learning environment where the learner is empowered to respond without feeling inferior.
For instance, before proceeding to next concept, the learner is given ample time to interpret the previous one. Since the objective of this lesson is to understand cultural diversity and creation of self esteem, the success is measured by active participation and self expression by the learner who is attentive across the lesson.
As a matter of fact, the learner is keen and follows up instructions issued by the instructor to the latter as shown in the video. Use of bright colors for elementary level in participatory learning boost interest, maintain attention, and facilitate concentration as noted.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Self Esteem and Culture in a Learning Environment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The process of evaluation is as a result of informed perception of the ideal learning environment and prior experience as guided by lesson planning rubric. As a teacher, the basis of lesson planning and execution is due to the need for inclusive interactive learning process and simplification of concepts in line with the level of learning.
In order to comprehensively interpret the concepts presented in the video, the analysis operated on the assumption of personal involvement. Therefore, prior knowledge of instructional delivery methods and techniques of maintaining maximum concentration informed the above analysis.
Conclusively, knowledge imparting strategies should operate within reliable and suitable epoch in order to create free learning environment, instill confidence in the learner, and improve quality of output in line with objectives of a lesson. Irrespective of academic level, inclusive participatory instructional methods is essential.
Reference Slavin, R. E. (2006). Educational psychology: Theory and practice. Boston: Pearson Education.
The Effects of British Imperialism in India Research Paper essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
The Sepoy Mutiny (The First War on Independence/Great Rebellion)
Impacts of British Imperialism in India
Feeling of Nationalism
Indian National Congress
Role of Gandhi
Introduction The British Imperialism in India had its roots in the 1600s. During that period, the East India Company had started setting up its trading offices at different port cities like Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras.
The main intention was to trade in spices. Moreover, owing to the worldwide industrial revolution, Britain had become the centre-stage of development. “As a blanket term the Industrial Revolution explains little about British expansion in general at the end of the eighteenth century.” (Marshal 1985). India was very important to Britain due to the fact that for the procurement of raw material for its industries, it had to depend on India.
India was considered as “a Jewel in the Crown’. Also, India was a huge end user of British products. “The most obvious grounds for doubting the significance of manufacturing as a force behind British imperialism are provided by the course of events in India, the main field of conquest during the period in question…” (Ward 1994)
The Mughal dynasty was at its peak during that era. As such, East India Company traders were under the vigil of the Mughal officials. However, by the initial years of the 1700s, the Mughal Empire started experiencing a downfall. Taking advantage of this situation, many erstwhile small states, breaking away from the Mughal rule, parted ways and formed their own rule.
The East India Company also took advantage of this state of affairs and started chalking out plans to invade India. The Indian rulers got the indication from its sources and asked for help from the French, who also had some base in India. Finally, it was in 1757 that Robert Clive defeated the Indian
Affordable coverage for elderly Americans Essay essay help online
Insurance coverage which is affordable and sufficient is the main issue for elderly Americans since this age bracket is at higher risk for severe health issues and greater health care expenses than other age groups. Additionally, due to age status and greater risk to diseases, the elderly lacking coverage from their employers always experience problems getting affordable and sufficient coverage in the private insurance market.
Along with policy options to enhance elderly coverage and affordability for this group, all-inclusive reform of the personal insurance market along with a Medicaid development for persons with minimal incomes, would be most useful and comprehensive strategy.
Together with policies intended for elderly persons, the policy makers can as well select to concentrate on projects targeted at sustaining employer-sponsored retiree insurance coverage. Even though the population of elderly retirees obtaining health benefits from their previous employer is modest, this number stands for major expenses load to several employers and unions in particular companies, comprising the communications, oil, and utilities industries (Harrington
Reduce hospitalization of nursing home residents Essay essay help free: essay help free
Nursing home care for the elderly has been a common practice in the US for many years. Normally, this practice has proved to be a beneficial intervention to many people who are in constant need of special care and treatment, once they have entered their golden years.
The practice also serves as a big relief to many families who may often find themselves tangled in great dilemma on how to best cater for either both or one of their parents who is not able to live independently, as a result of advanced age. Moreover, it is in the best will of the US government to administer special medical concern on the aging generation as it has been constituted in the health regulations.
Bearing the above concerns in mind, home care for the elderly is a necessary intervention in USA and it has always been a welcomed idea in all the states. However, no matter the overall benefits associated with nursing care, there have been great concerns recently, following increased hospitalization of residents of nursing homes (Feder and Komisar, 2005). Oftentimes, this has resulted into numerous hospitalization complications for the patients and unnecessary health care expenditures that have amounted into billions of dollars.
This concern has triggered a number of multifaceted strategies and policy measures that are likely to prevent unnecessary hospitalization of nursing home residents, thus helping to address the current incentives associated with the practice. One such approach which has proved to be promising in addressing this matter is INTERACT.
INTERACT, which is an acronym for ‘Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers’ is a special program of improvement whose main focus and mission is to take care of acute change in the condition of home care residents in the US. As it would be observed, the main objective of this program is to establish desirable care conditions in nursing facilities, thus minimizing the frequency of avoidable hospitalization of home care residents.
These frequent but unnecessary hospitalizations have raised conflicting financial conflicts between Medicaid and Medicare, the two bodies involved in providing for nursing homes and hospital services, respectively. This however, has been observed to be as a result of inadequate or even lacking health care facilities within many nursing care homes. Some of these facilities would include radiology services, on-site pharmacies and well-trained staff in matters of health.
INTERACT comes with educational and clinical tools, among other key strategies that would be necessary in addressing the recurring health issues associated with long-term care institutions (Loeb and Carusone, 2008). Through these interventions, INTERACT has proved to be able to identify and manage health conditions before they can reach stages that necessitate hospital intervention.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This policy measure can be an effective intervention in helping to reduce unnecessary hospitalization of patients from long-term care facilities. According to recent studies on proposed interventions that have been designed with the aim of minimizing avoidable hospitalizations of nursing care residents, INTERACT has proved to be promising in all settings.
However, just like any other realistic strategy, this intervention has its own limitations and disadvantages. One of the biggest limitations associated with the program is that, it is yet to be fully accepted by many nursing home residents, as an effective strategy that could be used to address most of their seemingly complex health problems.
Most people who have entrusted their loved ones in the care of nursing care facilities would prefer hospitals to be the most promising intervention when it comes to the health of their elderly loved ones (Kayser-Jones and Wiener, 1999). Another possible limitation of this intervention is that, it is known only in some states and it is yet to be established in many nursing homes across the country.
Publicity of INTERACT as a program having the necessary infrastructure and leadership commitment in health care matters for the elderly is one promising way that can be used to overcome these issues. The other possible way to deal with the limitations of the program in its services is to advocate for its acceptance by taking it into every corner of the country where it is needed by nursing care residents.
References Feder, J. and Komisar, H. (2005). Long-term care in the United States: An overview. Health Affairs, 19 (3), 40-56.
Kayser-Jones, J and Wiener, C. (1999). Factors contributing to the hospitalization of nursing home residents. The Gerontologist, 29 (4), 502.
Loeb, M. and Carusone, S. (2008). Effect of a clinical pathway to reduce
We will write a custom Essay on Reduce hospitalization of nursing home residents specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More hospitalizations in nursing home residents with pneumonia. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 295 (21), 2503.
HIV/AIDS in Africa and The PEN-3 model Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Brief overview of HIV/AIDS among Africans
PEN-3 model domains: Relationship and expectation
HIV/AIDS is worldwide pandemic that has affected the health status of many people. Intuitively, Africa is one of the regions, which experience an increase in HIV infections especially when compared to the developed countries. Authentically, the major problem that hinders health development and the fight against HIV/AIDS is cultural practices.
The cultural identity of each community determines the reception of the individual towards treatment or social behavior. Therefore, the next discussion analyses the issue of HIV/AIDS in a multicultural environment especially among Africans and relates the problem to PEN-3 model factors of cultural identity.
Brief overview of HIV/AIDS among Africans Statistically, 70% of HIV/AIDS infections occur in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNAIDS, 2002). The high percentage implies that increased level of infections not only lie within reckless sexual behavior but also within the diverse cultural practices in the region (U.S Department of Health and Human services office of Minority Health, n.d, par.1).
Consequently, the high death rates resulting from HIV/AIDS in Africa hinders the fight against the pandemic all over the world. More over, the high rate of infections negatively affects the social and economic development in the region.
PEN-3 model domains: Relationship and expectation In most communities in Africa, the prevention of HIV/AIDS lies within the cultural practices. More over, when analyzed within the PEN-3 model domains, the problem of HIV/AIDS in Africa is likely to decline. For example, the first domain is relationship and expectation, which evaluates the contribution of friends and relatives on the fight against the disease.
Each community has different beliefs and values, which affect the perception of an individual (Airhihenbuwa
The Importance Of Being A Good Critical Thinker Expository Essay best essay help
Healthy living habits can be learned with determination and discipline; the habits neither involve strict nutrition philosophies, staying unrealistically thin, nor depriving yourself of the foods you love. It involves eating the right potion of diet at the right time to facilitate feeling great, having more energy, and keeping as healthy as possible.
According to the article by Frimming, Polsgrove and Bower, 2011, the human beings are different and respond differently to different food diets, thus, the most important element when developing the right eating habit is to understand the response of particular food on oneself (Frimming, Polsgrove
Prevalence of Hepatitis B Expository Essay essay help: essay help
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease of the liver that occurs due to an infection of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). HBV infect the liver and causes hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver cirrhosis. Hepatitis B poses significant health problem globally because it ranks tenth among diseases that cause death.
According to World Health Organization, about 2 billion of people have experienced HBV infections and approximately 350 million have acquired chronic hepatitis B infections, hence causing about 1 million deaths annually. Across the world, there is a high variation in HBV infection as prevalence varies from 20% to 0.2% in endemic regions.
Lavanchy (2004) argues that Western countries have low prevalence because HBV infections occur mostly in adulthood, while in African and Asian countries; prevalence of HBV infection is high because it occurs in childhood (p.97). In this view, occurrence of HBV infection determines prevalence of Hepatitis B in various countries. Therefore, what are the factors that contribute to the increasing prevalence of hepatitis B in Sub-Sahara Africa?
Mode of HBV infections determines prevalence of hepatitis a given population. In African countries that lie in Sub-Sahara region experience high prevalence of hepatitis B as HBV mode of infection mainly occurs through sexual, congenital and interfamilial routes. In a study carried out in Bangui, Komas et al. (2010) reveal that, about 25% of children acquired HBV before the age of 1 year, while 48% acquired HBV infection at the ages of 10 to 15 years (p.1).
Hence, it means that the high prevalence of hepatitis B in Sub-Saharan countries is attributable to childhood infections of HBV. Assessment of the dominant mode of transmission is critical in establishing preventative strategies of HBV infections.
Given that the World Health Organization has come up with safe and effective immunization programs, chronic nature of hepatitis B is attributable to resistant strains of HBV. Resistant strains of HBV have made it difficult to prevent and treat hepatitis B among population, thus contributing to increasing incidences of the hepatitis B in Sub-Saharan countries.
According to Kukka (2010), health researchers have found out that drug resistance of HBV is a major challenge that health care system is facing in prevention and treatment of hepatitis B (p.3). Hence, preventive and treatment programs that a Sub-Saharan population employ when combating hepatitis B determines prevalence of hepatitis B among the population.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since hepatitis B is an infectious disease, social lifestyles of people and availability of other related infections such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), contribute significantly to increasing incidences of hepatitis. Komas et al. (2010) assert that social lifestyles such as abuse of drugs, use of alcohol, and unsafe sexual practices encourage transmission of hepatitis B and other sexual transmitted diseases (p.2).
It is evident that countries in Sub-Saharan region have a high prevalence of HIV infections relative to Western countries. Hence, examination of social lifestyles of people indicates the prevalence of hepatitis B in a given population.
High prevalence of hepatitis B in Sub-Saharan countries is due to numerous factors that promote infection of HBV. The research question is that: what are the factors that contribute to the increasing prevalence of hepatitis B among countries in Sub-Sahara Africa?
In an attempt to answer the question, the research hypothesis is that, childhood infections, resistance of HBV to drugs, and social lifestyles are dominant factors that contribute to the high prevalence of hepatitis in Sub-Saharan countries. Combination of these risk factors considerably increases the rate of HBV infections and prevalence of hepatitis B in the population.
References Komas, N., Bai-Sepou, S., Manirakiza, A., Leal, J., Bere, A.,
The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people Term Paper college application essay help
Abstract Glucosamine supplementation has mainly been focused by many researchers to establish its benefits and effects on people experiencing joint pains especially in the knee due to cartilage damage or osteoarthritis. Some tests have been carried out involving patients with knee pain of unknown origin. They performed the tests for 3 months while assessing their improvements throughout the period. They compared the efficacy of glucosamine, methlysulfonylmethane (MSM), and placebo.
They divided patients into two or more groups and later used the findings to report on the efficacy of the supplements. Most studies reported glucosamine as superior and most effective among the supplements and also indicated fewer side effects as compared to the other supplements. Most studies proposed glucosamine supplementation to be used as pain relievers.
This paper discusses the effects of glucosamine supplementation on people. Some experiments have been highlighted in the study to compare different findings. Side effects of glucosamine have been discussed as well. Effects of glucosamine on glucose metabolism have been explained.
Introduction When glucosamine is converted to glucosamine sulfate or hydrochloride, it helps in regenerating or restoring cartilage and displays any anti-inflammatory effects (Braham, Dawson,
A Report on State laws regarding computer use and Abuse Report best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction In the United States, different states have passed various laws with regards to computer crime. This has been necessitated by the numerous acts of hacking into public and private computer systems by individuals or groups, something that has brutalized computer use all over the world.
The computerization of almost every aspect of modern society means that information, sensitive or otherwise is stored in computers and thus the risk factor rears its ugly head that other unauthorized users can access that same information. The safe guards meant to keep such information safe have more often than not been rendered ineffective by highly skilled hackers.
Any device vital to national security that is controlled using computers could be used against the U.S if it ever fell into the wrong hands. It was therefore deemed necessary to pass laws regulating the use of computers in a bid to promote safety when using them (New York State Law, 2009). This study is about the laws of the state with regard to the use of computers and the abuse thereof. Computer crime is divided into three categories according to Flexispy (2010);
Illegally obtaining computer materials such as hardware, software, and peripherals.
Crimes targeting computer networks and or devices. Hacking and the generation of viruses, worms etc fall under this category.
Committing crimes by using computers and computer networks. Piracy of music, movies, software, and cyber terrorism falls under this category.
Discussion The New York state law according to the Legal Directories (2011) has criminalized the unauthorized use of a computer, computer trespass, tampering with a computer; this has four degrees, pirating of computer materials, “class e felony”, unlawful possession of computer materials and Unlawful entry into a computer “class e felony”, unauthorized use of a computer, ”class a misdemeanor”. Tampering with data,” class d felony” (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2010).
If anyone violates these laws his/her defense can be that he /she had logical grounds and or rights to tamper with, reproduce, destroy and or use the computer and or material in contention but if found guilty, is subject to punishment as provided for by the law( New York State Law, 2010).
The Alabama computer crimes act criminalizes the unauthorized access of data, software, or any material within a computer, its manipulation, destruction, examination, and possession (Iron Geek, 2011). The violation of such would constitute a violation of intellectual property rights. If the damage caused to the said intellectual property exceeds ($2500), and or it results in the disruption of any public utility or service, the offender is guilty of a class b felony. Unauthorized removal and alteration of data causing physical harm to a person not involved in the crime is categorized as a class a felony (Cornell University Law School, 2012).
The modification willful or otherwise of any equipment that is used or intended for use in a computer is guilty of an offence against computer equipment and supplies. This crime is classified as a class a crime. Samson (2012). Alabama computer crime Act.
Conclusion The laws against computer related crimes are broad in both states but adequately address the problem of cyber crime and other computer crimes. Most of the laws are similar in classification of crimes and in their definition of abuses, but differ in terms of penalties.
References Cornell University Law School. (2012). Fraud and related activity in connection with computers. Web.
Flexispy. (2010). The world’s most powerful spyphone. Web.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Iron Geek. (2011). State Hacking/Computer Security Laws. Web.
Legal Directories. (2011). Law and practice. Web.
New York State Law. (2009). Offenses involving computers; definition of terms. Web.
New York State Law. (2010). Article 156 – Penal Law. Web.
Samson, M. (2012). Alabama computer crime Act, Internet Library of Law and court Decisions. Web.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (2010). United States computer emergency readiness team. Cyber threats to mobile devices. Web.
Pamela: The Way She Lives Analytical Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
There are a lot of different pieces of work aimed at dwelling upon human virtues and those which criticize those and show how people may behave. Reading Pamela by Samuel Richardson is possible to make a conclusion that the novel is the guide aimed at showing the world that living in the cruel and immoral world it is possible to remain virginal even when it seems that there is no another way out.
The book should be used as a guide for youth who live in the modern world and do not think about their future lives. It is important to read such books as they help think about some particular themes connected with virgin, pride and prejudice.
The main idea of the novel is to show the heroine feelings and emotions, to express her personal attitude and thoughts. The book is written in a form of letters from Pamela to her parents which helps the reader to understand the thoughts of the heroine better and deeper. Letters are used as the dairy as writing those a girl is unable to send them to her parents and she does not know whether she will be able to do it or not.
Such novels must be written as being presented in the forma of the letters from the main character, the reading appears to be as the consideration of the dairy of a person, as something forbidden and as a result more interesting and exciting. Reading diaries of others makes people feel acknowledged about the private life of others. Dwelling upon the main idea of the letters is it important to stress on the moral doubts of a woman.
She understands that her behavior must be strong and she should not submit to the master’s desire, but she also feels that it is strong for her not to obey. However, having read the novel up to the end, I was glad to see that Pamela managed to remain firm in her decision and the marriage she managed to reach was the confirmation that people should always try to follow their desires.
However, comparing and contrasting Pamela by Samuel Richardson with Moll Flanders by Defoe, it is possible to compare and contrast two lives absolutely different and opposite. Moll Flanders, apart from Pamela, was a prostitute, she was in jail, she had to rob, in other words, she did all the things and actions which seemed inappropriate for Pamela. Still, the question appears, whether these women were happy? The conclusion seems obvious.
Each of the heroics was satisfied with the life and was happy during a definite period of life and each of them suffered. Everyone should choose their life positions basing on their inner considerations and firm statements. The examples of these two novels show that people can live as they want, but at the end of their lives they get what they deserve.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, Pamela by Samuel Richardson and Moll Flanders by Defoe may be used as the guides for those who appear in the situation of tension and choice. When people have to decide whether to be temped for the personal benefit or remain firm, they are to read these two books. As for me, people should follow their inner desire and listen to their inner considerations which were applied to them from childhood.
The Voting Rights Act Analytical Essay writing essay help
In a democratic society, citizens vote freely (JoNel, 2006). The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is among the most effective rules that have extended full political citizenship to blacks in the US (Epstein et al, 2006). President Lyndon signed the Voting Rights Act to be a state law.
It came into existence during the period of Civil Rights movement in the United States. The aim of the law was to outlaw malpractices in the voting process, which included acts such as the availability of literacy tests to provide restrictions to black voters during the voting process. The Act achieved many benefits as it allowed many eligible voters to register and vote (Pildes, 2006).
The Act has contributed to the dramatic increase in black voter turnout. In addition, the it provides that all people have freedom to vote. The Act provides that states that have recorded history of discriminatory practice during voting process should be excluded from making any alterations that may affect voters before getting approval from the US Department of Justice.
The Act has many benefits, particularly to the enforcement provisions that are mainly applied to political subdivisions and states in the south. The act provides that no person with respect to color or race should be discriminated from this freedom.
The Act forms a historic landmark for Civil Rights legislation in the United States. The Act contributed too many advantages including the enforcement of the 15th amendment. Furthermore, it banned discriminative voting practices against black people, as well as, the incorporation of literacy tests nationally (Cascio
Healthcare [FREE Paper Example!] Analytical Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Quality healthcare services are paramount to human beings irrespective of their age, gender, ethnicity, or culture. Different governments have enacted policies to facilitate access to quality medical care services; however, some children are facing challenges accessing quality healthcare services. The challenges range from political, social, economic, and resources distribution factors.
From economics and resources-distribution perspective, some places have limited number of medical facilities; such a situation reflects in the poor performance of the health care system of that area. In those places where the medical facilities are near, poor families hardly can afford to cover the medical costs. Thus, the fees paid for medical service provision become another challenge.
From sociological, cultural, language and ethnicity-related perspectives, some regions have beliefs that discourage the natives of the use of modern medical facilities. The above mentioned social-economics challenges are also combined with the lack of knowledge and awareness mostly from illiterate communities (Siponen, Ahonen, Savolainen
Socio-Cultural, Economic and Ethical Factors that Influence Health Care Delivery Analytical Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Dr. Williams is culturally biased. He handles his patients differently depending on their cultures and their socio-economic status. He is insensitive to other cultures and this aspect greatly influences the decisions of the families he works with adversely affecting the health outcomes of their patients. In addition, Dr. Williams is inconsiderate and his approach to patients from “other” cultures is prejudicial.
He hardly understands how people from different cultures behave and doesn’t know how to handle children. He is not inquisitive. He merely makes assumptions concerning his patients’ cultures and backgrounds. By making assumptions about his the families he works with, he overlooks the socio-economic factors affecting them.
By using technical medical terms without worrying about the families’ health literacy, Dr. Williams jeopardizes the ultimate health outcomes of the children. It is also important to note that Dr. William is culturally incompetent. His values, attitudes, and practices do not allow him to work effectively with multiple cultures (Core concepts in cultural competence 2009).
He doesn’t “honor and respect the beliefs, languages, interpersonal styles, and behaviors of families and children receiving his medical services.” Dr Williams does not respect his patients’ health beliefs. He disregards families’ beliefs about what causes illnesses and their preferred treatment plans. This shortfall inevitably disappoints the families he deals with thereby causing discontentment and dissatisfaction with his clientele.
Ultimately, the families Dr William works with ends up getting inadequate, poor, and unsatisfactory treatment thereby endangering the lives of children he handles.
Culture, ethnicity, race, and socio-economic status play significant roles in shaping families’ experiences in the healthcare system.
In their study, Smedley, Stith, and Nelson (2002) argue that “the cultures of racial and ethnic minorities greatly influence the choice of their health care delivery system including how families from a given cultural group communicates and their family support structures including their coping strategies, and even their readiness to seek medical treatment. According to Van Ryn and Burke (2000), most families attribute certain diseases to socio-cultural and ethnic factors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Racial and ethnic minorities in the US live in socio-economic environments of inequality, which inevitably predisposes them violence, poverty, and racial discrimination. Studies have shown that poverty adversely affects families’ experiences in health care systems.
In fact, Smedley, Stith, and Nelson (2002) concur that poor families receive poor medical treatment compared to rich people who receive proper medical attention because they are adequately covered by medical insurance programs.
Racial discrimination severely affects families’ experiences in healthcare system. In addition, the culture of racial and ethnic minorities greatly determines the type of health services they receive. Some clinical environments hardly respect the cultures of people they serve and this deters minority groups an opportunity to receive efficient healthcare services.
In healthcare systems, disparities arise because of various reasons. They arise because of differences in access to healthcare systems and because of differences in the quality of healthcare delivered. Other factors that influence disparities in healthcare systems include access of health care services, infrastructural barriers such as transportation and one’s access to medical professionals, health care utilizations that is regular, acute, or chronic care including unnecessary hospital admissions.
Van Ryn and Burke (200) affirm that patients’ health literacy skills, cultural competency, and health information influence disparities in health outcomes.
References Core concepts in cultural competence. (2009). Web.
Smedley, B., Stith, A.,
The Rise of Single Party State in Russia Essay essay help online free
Introduction Russia is the biggest country in the world with its capital Moscow city. It was initially called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics that existed between 1922 and 1991. It consisted of Russia, Armenia, Moldova, Lithuania, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Estonia and several other countries (D’Agostino 45). After 1991, the USSR was dissolved into the many nations we know today.
The communist state in Russia was formed after the overthrow of the monarch that had ruled the country for several decades. There are several reasons that led to the revolution that overthrew the rule of Romanov of the Tsar dynasty, rulers of Russia since 1613. The Tsars ruled Russia under a fundamental law that gave the monarch dictatorial power claiming that such a ruler was ordained by God himself.
The rule of the empire was composed of three main bodies (Daniels 74). The first important arm of the ruling government was the Cabinet of Ministers that run the government and the various departments. The second arm was the Imperial Court, which was a group of advisors reporting directly to the Tsars.
Finally, there was the Senate that supervised the operation of the law (Manfred 45). The outcome of this tyrannical rule was widespread poverty and a totally failed economy. Their total failure by the leadership of the state failed to address the extremely poor social economic state of the country. The literacy level of the peasant population was the lowest when compared to the neighbouring countries.
Politically, Russia was extremely backward in terms setting up a stable political system. Russia had no parliament, political parties were outlawed and any attempt to undermine the rule of the emperor was punishable by death (Mirza 102). The regimes’ secret police called the Okhrana was tasked with enforcing the oppressive law of the country.
This resulted in the eventual uprising of the people of Russia against the leadership. The educated elites of the country saw that they were deliberately alienated by the monarch. Thus, they started a revolutionary call for a change of leadership. This group of revolutionaries considered themselves socialists, who followed the philosophy of the great German philosopher Karl Max.
Lenin was the first of such intellect and began a party called the Russian Social Democratic Party while in exile in Finland. These Marxists were argumentative with others seeking a social country while the others wanted a strong industrially developed Russia (Tucker 45). In 1903, the Lenin party split into two, with one forming the Bolsheviks while the other formed the Mensheviks.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The struggle for a new Russia continued until 1917 when the country was deep at war. Russia decided to go into world war one for three main reasons.
The first reason, perhaps the most important reason for Russia’s involvement in the war, was that Germany was fast becoming a powerful nation. The leaders of Russia feared that if Germany won the war, it would be unified into the powerful nation of Europe and the world.
Such an outcome would have spelt doom for Russia. Secondly, the formation of the Austria- Hungary nation also introduced an upcoming powerhouse at the Russia‘s doorstep. The Ottoman Empire of Turkey, which was an ally of Russia, was in constant decline and this was not good for Russia (Brovkin 145).
These circumstances forced the leadership in Russia to go into war thus the concentration of fighting internal aggression reduced. This gave the revolutionaries the opportunity to consolidate their forces and drive the idea of revolution in the minds of the people of Russia. Eventually on October 27, 1917, the emperor of Russia was overthrown together with the provincial government. They did so in the banner of ‘All Power to the Soviets’ (Manfred 198).
However, even as they took power, a fierce war against Germany resumed in 1918. The disagreement between Lenin and Trotsky did not do well to end the war. While the two men wanted an end to the war, Trotsky was quite reluctant. However, in the end a treaty called the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed ending the war for the soviets.
As soon as the Bolsheviks took over the leadership of Russia, Lenin did not waste time in consolidating power. However, the Bolsheviks could not do this immediately. First, Russia was still engaged in World War I with a force declining in morale and equipment. Secondly, the followers of the old regime were still influential; thus, the Bolsheviks were simply fighting to survive (Manfred 78).
To do this, Lenin decided to consolidate the Bolsheviks party by having its leader as elected persons. Such elected member would assume leadership position. This strategy would distribute the power of the country to many parts of the country by having the Bolsheviks membership in every part of the country.
We will write a custom Essay on The Rise of Single Party State in Russia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The important measure Lenin might have undertaken was the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly. As to any assembly that would be formed, Lenin was totally against the idea of a democratic assembly. It was his view that a democracy would wash away the influence of the Bolsheviks. Thus, when the Constituent Assembly met in 1918, it was dissolved at gunpoint following the orders of Lenin (Streissguth 78).
The second measure that Lenin considered vital was the issue of landownership and the problems associated with tyrannical property owners. One main undoing of the monarch was giving absolute power to property owners over peasants.
Thus, Lenin understood well that property owners did not have room in the new Russia. At the same time, giving full ownership of the land to the peasants was not possible. Thus in the 1917 Land Decree, Lenin declared that no private ownership of land and that all land would become the property of the people (Manfred 78).
There was also a similar decree about factories in the Russia. Worker had taken the ownership of factories after the 1917 revolution. Thus, Lenin did take away the factories but forms committee that look to the running of the factories. The workers were to elect members to such a committee and that order was to be maintained at the work place.
Lenin also formed a new police force referred to as the Cheka. The new force was to be more organized and efficient as compared to the Okhrana. The new force was also mandated with destroying any anti-revolution forces. However, this mandate was widely defined by the Bolsheviks who misused the Cheka to their advantage (Brovkin 148).
As the new rulers took control of the country, they introduced a policy called the War Communism. This policy involved the nationalization of all industry and centralization of all output. It also sought to get rid of the free exchange of money as well as eliminating private enterprise (Streissguth 78).
In conclusion, Lenin was a revolutionary with great ideas. His communism ideals were based on Marxism. He started one of the greatest communist states to have emerged. He set a good ground for Joseph Stalin to rule with absolute power for several decades. He died in of stroke in 1924.
Works Cited Brovkin, Vladimir. Russia after Lenin: politics, culture and society, 1921-1929. New York: Routledge, 1998. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Rise of Single Party State in Russia by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Daniels, Vincent. The rise and fall of Communism in Russia. New York: Yale University Press, 2007. Print.
D’Agostino, Anthony. The Rise of Global Powers: International Politics in the Era of the World Wars. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Print.
Manfred, Steger. The rise of the global imaginary: political ideologies from the French Revolution to the global war on terror. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
Mirza, Rocky. The Rise and Fall of the American Empire: A Re-Interpretation of History, Economics and Philosophy: 1492-2006. New York: Trafford Publishing, 2007. Print.
Streissguth, Thomas. The rise of the Soviet Union. London: Greenhaven Press, 2002. Print.
Tucker, Robert. Stalinism: essays in historical interpretation. New York: Transaction Publishers, 1999. Print.
Best Buy’s Organization Strategies Case Study college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Best Buy’s Organization Strengths
Recommended Porter’s Generic Strategies
How Two Strategies Increase Best Buy’s Differentiation Strategy
How Two Strategies Increase Best Buy’s Low-Cost Advantage
Expected Characteristics of Mature Home Goods Industry
Strategies that Best Buy Should Use
Best Buy’s Organization Strengths The company focused on the consumer experience in its retail stores. It remained competitive because consumers appreciated a genuine concern of their shopping experience. This was dissimilar to sales tactics of employees trying to influence consumers to buy. Here, Best Buy was doing something that made its retail shops different from the competition.
Consumers began associating the shopping experience at the company, with a sense of satisfaction. The company focused on centricity and relied on demographics as well as segmentation to come up with a focus for each outlet. This allowed the company to satisfy the needs of the most lucrative customers and ensure high sales volumes (Griffin 265-266).
Recommended Porter’s Generic Strategies Best Buy should adopt a defender’s strategy and a related-diversification strategy. As it continues to be profitable, the company will attract new players into the industry. The new contestants will likely have an advantage over it, in terms of their new relationship with customers or suppliers. A market disruption would make it hard for Best Buy to get back to its leadership position.
Thus, the corporation should look at lowering the cost of current products. It has already established a reputation of customer centeredness. Lowering costs would go further in making the point of customer focus.
The new defender strategy would aim at improving the performance of current products. Already, the firm has customer relation services such as the geek squad, and it should focus more on that to ensure that its customers continue to visit its outlets (Griffin 250).
Under related diversification, the company should let the success of some of its products and services influence the performance of other products or services in its outlets. Amidst new competition in the industry, the company would be protecting its reliance on a single product.
Currently, the company implements specific segmentation and centrality strategies for each of its outlets. Under the related diversification, the company would continue with the segmentation, but manage it centrally.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Best Buy would then be able to lower its overall costs of operation and increase its economies of scale. The new economies of scale savings can then support it in increasing employee compensation, and improving customer experience to frustrate new competitors into the industry (Griffin 252).
How Two Strategies Increase Best Buy’s Differentiation Strategy A focus on customers by employees is encouraging creativity and innovation on different outlets. Customers find each shopping experience a little better and more personal than their previous one. The company analyzes the demographics and segments its customers, to have the most lucrative ones get the greatest attention.
Thus, customers expect, and indeed find, products related to their tastes and preferences given a prominence in the outlets. In addition, they get personal shopping assistants who are knowledgeable enough to offer them quality advice on the products they are purchasing.
The differentiation advantage allows the company to realign the inventory in an outlet in quick response to changing peculiarities of customer segments (Griffin 266). The power of front line employees to override inventory management plans ensure that Best Buy remains a unique company to customers, focusing on them in a different way than the competition. This differentiation advantage comes from the reengineered supply chain.
How Two Strategies Increase Best Buy’s Low-Cost Advantage A reengineered supply chain allows the company to hold high volumes of fast moving goods and reduce its inventory for goods that are not core in a particular outlet. Therefore, the company remains lean and saves on stock that would otherwise fill its outlets and not move.
A customer-focused interaction with buyers, acts as a market research resource for the company allowing it to be responsive without having to hire external market researchers. Thus, it saves on costs associated with research and development. The additional savings pass to employee compensation or profit margins, which allow the company to continue offering low prices.
The customer services offered by the company allow it to reduce additional marketing expenses for its flagship products. For example, its geek squad departments offer complete technical solutions to new and experienced customers of electronics.
We will write a custom Case Study on Best Buy’s Organization Strategies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In return, the customers praise the superiority of the outlets customer service and recommend it to other consumers. The company saves on advertising campaigns whose success would not be as viral as the quality, customer service recommendation (Griffin 266).
Customer segmentation, which allows the company to focus on the most lucrative customers, reduces additional operation costs associated with a general focus on sales. Segmentation ensures that only necessary products and initiatives get to specific outlets, and the employees of the outlets receive specialized training on dealing with the particular customer segment.
In addition, the company has good relationships with high-tech suppliers who offer prime product flows into its outlets allowing it to jump ahead of competition and remain a low-cost outlet. The development of its own products also allows the company to compete with other retailers by offering low priced products. Massive economies of scale brought by new stores likewise increase the company’s low cost advantage.
Expected Characteristics of Mature Home Goods Industry The mature home goods industry has little room for more creativity and innovativeness than what existing players already offer. The number of outlets in a given location is enough to serve the present population and there is no room for additional stores. Therefore, market entry is only by acquisition of existing outlets (Jeffs 89).
In the mature industry, sellers compete on product differentiation and quality of customer care, rather than price. This happens because the number of sellers offering the same product at matching prices spoils consumers for choice.
Strategies that Best Buy Should Use Best Buy as an international company continues to explore new markets, for its retail outlets. The company needs to embrace global efficiencies buy locating stores where they enjoy the lowest distribution costs or offer the best quality to customers.
To reduce further costs associated with distribution and inventory management, the company should have regional distribution centers for its worldwide business (Griffin 258). Although the company already undertakes customer segmentation in its specialized stores, it might need to move additional inventory for its international stores to cater for the diversity of consumers.
The company should continue being flexible to customer demands in different segments. Products that are fast moving in one segment offer it insights on the preferences of those consumers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Best Buy’s Organization Strategies by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It would then use the market intelligence to introduce or strengthen products in other markets and sustain high sales volumes. The company should continue using worldwide learning to rethink its specific and overall competitive strategy (Griffin 259).
As market dynamics change, its strengths and weakness alter depending on the introduction or elimination of opportunities and threats. Thus, the company should continue with its home replication strategy to shield off new participants in current markets and obtain an early advantage in new markets (Jeffs 100-102).
Works Cited Griffin, Ricky. Management. 10th ed. Mason: South Western Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.
Jeffs, Chris. Strategic Management. London: Sage Publications, 2008. Print.
Is It True That One’s Birth Order Effects His/Her Personality? Analytical Essay college essay help
Significance of the Chosen Topic for Social Scientific Analysis The main research question for the present social scientific analysis sounds as the following: Does the birth order of a child impact on child’s personality and behavior?
At the outset, well known factors that cause or shape personality include the family. Hartshorne (2010) explicates that the common belief that the family setting is significant in shaping our personality so much that our IQ is almost dependent on the family as a socialization agent is true.
As such, there is the growing need to understand whether birth order that is an aspect of the family comes any close in shaping one’s behavioral characteristics and ultimately the personality. Birth order refers to the birth position one’s hold amongst siblings. The first born, second born, last born are various birth orders, which would be imperative in the resolution of the current impasse that surrounds the topic.
Understanding the impact of birth order on personality provides a platform where parents may understand the behaviors of their children in a better way (Herrera, Zajonc, Wieczorkowska,
The Benefits of Grief Support Groups Essay (Critical Writing) online essay help
The essay critically examines the benefits associated with grief support groups and issues relating to interventions that may be helpful to the group. It is rational to define a support group and what it does.
The concept has been thought of as a place where individuals are provided with an opportunity to give, receive emotional, physical and mental support while sharing information. According to Zambelli
E-commerce and Internet Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The internet has changed the way people conduct businesses in the world. According to Jandt (1), the internet has enabled people to pass information freely from one point to another. This means that people can easily access information that was previously restricted to a small group of people. Indeed, the information age has brought about some advantages as well as disadvantages.
Many businesses are able to conduct business online meaning that the society has been transformed from an industrial society to an information society. Industrial revolution was achieved through the process of industrialization where companies concentrated on producing goods and services for the market. In the current society, the economy is base on manipulation of important information.
Therefore, it can be observed that the internet has shaped modern society by enhancing swift large-scale communications and networking. In fact, the world today is a global village implying that goods and services are to be produced and consumed almost at the same time, irrespective of geographical distances. Introduction of World Wide Web in 1989 changed the way people conduct businesses.
The internet has taken over other mediums of conducting businesses mainly because of its effectiveness and efficiency. This paper will therefore analyze the strengths of the internet in conducting business in society. The paper underscores the fact that new technology is not accurate. For that reason, it has some weaknesses that will also be addressed. However, the paper concludes by asserting that ecommerce is advantageous.
The internet has offered many things to people in society. For instance, it allows small businesses to advertise their products, which would otherwise be faced out due to competition. The mass media has become expensive meaning that small firms cannot afford to compete with conglomerates in promoting goods and services through it.
It is true that many people have acquired goods through the internet, especially in the third world. Small businesses use the internet as virtual market (imaginary market). Customers can view the details of goods and services before making orders or inquiries. This has improved small businesses since customers can easily use their computers to link up with sellers in the market.
The internet gives small businesses a chance to compete effectively in the market. Small businesses may actually utilize internet services to grow financially. Furthermore, a business may perhaps cut the costs of advertising and marketing by creating a website. The firm saves resources that could be wasted on fliers and newspaper advertising.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another advantage of the internet is that a firm has access to large customer base. A firm may access customers all over the world. The internet allows small firms to exchange ideas and share opinions as regards to market demands. As Jones, Borgman, and Ulusoy (2) remark, small firms can actually open emails and paperless fax accounts
It should be noted that while the internet improves the way people conduct business, it has some shortcomings. Customers are the most affected because fraudsters may exploit the clients using dubious online companies. Many people have been deprived of their resources thinking that they are dealing with genuine companies. Customers should therefore be aware of fraudsters.
Production of goods and services is becoming more information-intensive. Furthermore, the economy is becoming less labor and capital demanding. All these are attributable to globalization, which is the product of information age (2). Workers are becoming more productive in their fields.
This is an advantage to small business firms because they are able to employ and sustain a competent workforce that would drive the firm to its success. Conversely, the value of workers is ever decreasing because of globalization. The workforce is easy to acquire as compared to the industrial age when companies had deficits in labor.
Financial analysts suggest that the value of capital is decreasing at a high rate. Before the internet age, capital was a determining factor in business (1). Those with huge sums of money could successfully invest in prestigious ventures such as real estate. Such individuals could also capture the best personnel.
Due to the internet, it is possible for small firms to establish successful investments, with little capital. This means that capital is no longer a determining factor in investment. On the other hand, mechanization and computerization has led to high efficiency as well as unemployment. Small firms can take advantage of this to expand.
From the above analysis, it can be concluded that the use of virtual storefront would be easier as opposed to operating within the local community. In the community, only limited number of customers is accessed. Opening a virtual storefront would expose the business to various customers. It is not surprising that the business can even sell products abroad because many people access the virtual store across the globe.
We will write a custom Essay on E-commerce and Internet specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Apart from establishing a customer base, opening a virtual store would also help the firm in reducing competition. Other small firms may not compete favorably, especially when they do not have the virtual store. In society, people have embraced technology fully. This means that people use the internet in doing everything.
References Jandt FE. An introduction to intercultural communication: identities in a global community. 6th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 2010. 415 p.
Jones N, Borgman R, Ulusoy E. Impact of social media on small businesses. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development. 2015;22(4):611-632.
Should the Obama Generation Drop Out? by Charles Murray Essay (Critical Writing) cheap essay help
In the essay Should the Obama Generation Drop Out Charles Murray analyses the ideas of Barak Obama within the educational system. The author provides the suggestions how to improve the current situation and what measures could help developing an educational reform.
Although Murray emphasizes an importance of the reforms of the educational system, the information in his essay provides the description of the inability of many students to deal with college-level material and incapability to pay for the bachelor’s degree instead of suggesting the concrete solutions and adequate reforms of the educational system.
The main statement of the essay is that it is not important where a person learned and got the professional skills, it is important what and how one can do the job. I absolutely agree with this position.
As we can see today, majority of students concentrates not on the quality of knowledge and professional skills they can learn, but on the presence of the diploma and the popularity of the school or university.
Murray suggests the concept of challenges the basic elements on the higher education and indicates that those ideas should be supported by Obama. Thus, Murray says, “As president, Mr. Obama should use his bully pulpit to undermine the bachelor’s degree as job qualification” (Murray, 2008).
However, although the author proposes the concrete reform, he emphasizes the benefits of the vocational trainings and test which could improve the level of specific knowledge that a worker may need. I disagree that such vocational courses can be more helpful than a full specific education or an additional degree. However, the position of bachelor’s degree as the only one key element of getting a job needs to be improved.
Murray claims that the standards of materials used in the process of getting the degree is high and require the special abilities of the students. If some of the students are unable to deal with the college and university sources, it does not mean that they do not have the appropriate professional skills and knowledge.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Murray says that a century ago students could easily go to work after high school, but today situation is different. Although they prefer to get more knowledge and skills from university, at the same time, they “treat college as vocational training, not as a leisurely journey to well-roundedness” (Murray, 2008).
From my point of view, it is incorrect to suppose that all students consider studying at university as the leisure. Moreover, in the other paragraph the author claims that the level of materials in university can be too high and complicated for a number of people. Therefore, I think that such statement is confusing.
Although Murray supposes that his essay can be considered as elitist or pessimistic, I think that those two characteristics are absent. His attitude is absolutely well-grounded and valid. As a realist, the author notices the present problems within the current educational system and claims for their solving.
However, as he wants to improve the situation, some specific ideas and possible variants reforms could be appropriate as well. Writing about discharge of the bachelor’s degree as a job qualification, Murray indicates the certification tests as a possible solution.
According to Murray, such tests “would provide evidence that the applicant has acquired the skills the employer needs” (Murray, 2008). Analyzing this idea, I think that this idea is worth to be considered by government. As the result, many young people will be able to prove their capability to work, skills and competitiveness comparing with those who have the bachelor’s degree.
Of course, this statement is valid. However, at the same time the author says that “certification tests would not eliminate the role of innate ability – the most gifted applicants would still have an edge – but they would strip away much of the unwarranted halo effect that goes with a degree from a prestigious university” (Murray, 2008). Therefore, such measure will not solve the whole problem. But, the author does not suggest other ideas of solution.
It seems that Murray only indicates the problem for the government and for President Obama particularly. I think that he should explore this question deeper and elaborate the exact ideas of what reforms could be more effective and why. In the present form, the essay Should the Obama Generation Drop Out gives an answer – yes, but it does not give the practical answers.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Should the Obama Generation Drop Out? by Charles Murray specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Emphasizing the value of professional skills and their domination over the bachelor’s degree, Murray suggests President Obama to use his authority to change the current situation. The bachelor’s degree should not be a key aspect of acceptance or rejection of an employee. Every person should be treated according to one’s professional skills and do not be judged due to the absence of the bachelor’s degree.
Although I agree with the main statement, the present essay can be considered as more emotional that informative. The author discusses inability of many students to deal with college-level material instead of suggesting the concrete solutions and adequate reforms of the educational system.
Reference List Murray, C. (2008). “Should the Obama Generation Drop Out?”, The New York Times. Retrieved from
No Budgetary Disbursement on Educating Disabled Persons Argumentative Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Numerous people have engaged in the debate about what education persons with disabilities should be provided. For many years, such persons had received diminutive consideration in terms of their education needs. Numerous individuals still wonder whether the numerous efforts by the government to spend considerable resources on such persons are justifiable.
The notion that such persons cannot learn has been the basis of unbelief in the credence of educating persons with disability. The focus of this essay is to justify these efforts, and reiterate the importance to increase funding in the education of persons with disability.
The most recurrent basis of argument in the education of persons with a disability is the fact that numerous of such persons cannot advance significantly in the normal education programs. It is true that individuals, especially, with intellectual handicaps cannot grasp content beyond the lower elementary level.
However, an imperative question is what education to refer. John Dewey, a renowned scholar in education asked a similar question at the end of a seminal presentation (Jackson 1). The seminar was attended by seasoned educators, and therefore, the question was not whether they knew what education was. Dewey’s enquiry is the nature of the enquiry needed in this debate.
In defining education, a basic distinction is the difference between schooling and education. Schooling is the attendance of formal classes where the content is prescribed and follows a syllabus. Also referred as formal education, it involves the phenomena of teaching and learning as facilitated by the gratuitous and involuntary means.
However, the term education, devoid of any descriptive adjective extends beyond formal education (Brock 4). It involves the transmission of culture and relaying of important knowledge to facilitate a person’s inclusion into a society. Therefore, the view that such persons cannot advance beyond the lower elementary levels ignores the wider meaning of education.
Of importance in this debate is the meaning of students with disabilities. IDEA defines this category of learners as comprising persons with mental impediments, hearing and sight inaptitude and advance emotional disturbance. This category also includes persons with orthopedic impediments, autism, TBI and OHI.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For these persons to qualify, they have to be in need of exceptional education and associated offings (P. L. 101-476). Therefore, against the common perception, this group constitutes a variety of individuals with different qualities, visible and non-perceptible and requiring different services (Jones, Apling and Smole 212).
Another misunderstanding among a majority of the people, who do not comprehend about the education of persons with disabilities, is whether these persons can learn. Regarding this, many believe that some people, especially those with intellectual disability, are uneducable. However, just like the general population, various people differ in their levels of learning.
In any learning scenario, not all students learn at the same level. Differences in such ranks persist across all levels of education. Like all qualities of a human, learning aptitudes follow a Gaussian curve. In every classroom, there are learners who learn most of the content, and others who learn just a bit of the content.
A popular statement in contemporary education lingo is that every child can learn. There lacks a truer statement. However, this too needs clarification. Precisely, all learner are educable, a favorable level of content, given enough time and resources. This clarification provides the basis for stating that every child can learn.
A person with intellectual disability can learn, and so can a talented child. Dissimilarities exist in the level they can master, the time they take to assimilate and the level of assistance they need, but they all learn. It is, therefore, a fact that all children are educable. This eliminates any doubts about the appropriateness of expenses on edification of even the most affected pupil.
It is a fact that numerous persons cannot learn the basic curriculum used in normal classes. Though this fact is irrefutable, it does not translate to lack of learning requirements for persons with disabilities.
Just, as the normal curriculum is formulated by humans, bearing in mind the educational requirements of average students, other forms of the curriculum can be formulated to cater for the needs of persons in this category. Other forms of the curriculum include the adapted, adopted and specialist curriculum. These forms feature varying dissimilarities with the normal curriculum.
We will write a custom Essay on No Budgetary Disbursement on Educating Disabled Persons specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since these people have varying learning needs, then their curriculum differs, with varying degrees dependent on their levels of disabilities. For example, the specialist curriculum features the least relation to the normal curriculum and is intended for learners with serious levels of disability. This curriculum features little academic skills, but a lot of activities of daily living (ADL) (Albrecht et al 112).
These activities feature skills that are essential for the survival of the person. These skills include feeding, dressing, and personal sanitation. Such skills aid individuals with disabilities to increase their levels of independence. Apart from relieving others from such duties, it also helps to increase their sense of self-worth, which is vital for their mental health.
There are numerous advantages associated with educating persons with disabilities (Marshall 39). The first regards the fulfillment of human dignity outlined in the law. The UN identifies education as a basic human right that is unalienable from every individual.
Providing education to persons with disabilities affirms a nation’s recognition of such people as human beings. Failure in this, results in an inhuman society. Further, what would be the implication of providing varied qualities in education amid different groups? The obvious interpretation would be that some are more human than the other.
Critics will argue that this is also the case in the normal world, where capitalism ensures high qualities of education for the affluent and considerably varied levels for other social economic groupings. However, a pertinent question is whether this wrong would justify committing of another evil. Definitely not; apart from the condemnation of the same, the endeavors of all people should be to facilitate the righting of this phenomenon.
Another advantage of educating persons with disability concerns enabling them become productive members of society. According to studies conducted in 2009, an estimated 12% of individuals have a disability. This presents about 36 million people who are not institutionalized.
Of this population, 26.4% of individuals were living in an extremely impoverished condition. The number of persons with disabilities continues to increase every year; for example, new SSDI applications increased by 21% between 2008 and 2009. Nevertheless, the percentage of individuals lacking employment or jobs was roughly 48.9%.
This shows an increasing number of persons with disabilities, but limited employment chances (Albrecht et al 132). The result is an increased population requiring assistance for the government. This trend is not sustainable, and in time, will result in undue pressure to government expenditure.
Not sure if you can write a paper on No Budgetary Disbursement on Educating Disabled Persons by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More One of the solutions to this worrisome situation lies in the educations of persons with disability. Educating this group will ensure increased self-dependence and employability. The regulation on equal employment may be ineffective, if people do not have employable skills. There should, therefore, be no limit in the employment of resources in the education of persons with disabilities. Current expenditure would serve to reduce future expenditure on welfare.
The education of persons with disabilities had received insufficient emphasis in previous years; however, things have significantly changed in this sector. Nevertheless, significant misperceptions abound regarding the education of persons with disabilities. Numerous people question the significance of the undertaking.
The most conspicuous reason given is that they are not educable. Critics, exemplifying intellectual disability, cite the uneducable nature of these people as their basis for neglecting the education of persons with disabilities. However, it is immutable that all children can learn.
Dissimilarities exist in the levels of mastery that various learners can achieve. Further, there exist differences in nature and volume of resources required by different pupils to learn. Time is also another imperative consideration in this clarification. Another consideration to make, in deciding on such funding, is the rising population of persons with disabilities.
This population continuously increases through the years. Among this group, poverty levels are lofty. Additionally, more than half are not employed. Educating them is a step further in protecting the future of the country. In the sight of increasing welfare requirement, ensuring people achieve employable skills is a prudent investment.
Works Cited Albrecht et al. Handbook of disability studies. California, CA: Sage Publications, 2001. Print.
Brock, Colin. Education as a Global Concern. London, UK: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2011. Print.
Jackson, Philip. What is education? Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. Print.
Jones, Nancy, Apling, Richard and Smole, David. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): background and issues. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.
Marshall, Catherine. Disabilities: insights from across fields and around the world, Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2009. Print
Culture and Health Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The third aspect of the PEN-3 Model looks at the cultural issues and health beliefs. Planners use this model to create a health education system that is sensitive to the culture of ethnic minority. The PEN-3 Model factors under cultural appropriateness include positive, exotic and negative factors.
This essay shall relate these factors to the case study A Day in the Sleep Clinic. The paper shall highlight differences in involvement of Dr. Williams’ with the three families, and effects of involvements on health outcomes.
Positive Positive factors in the PEN-3 Model are perceptions, enablers, and nurturers that make a person, family, or community involve themselves in health practices that enhance and improve their health status.
Therefore, planners must encourage such factors (Campbell, 1995). This is because positive factors in health practices are necessary in improving health status of individuals, families and communities, for instance, encouraging people to engage in physical activities. From the case study, Dr. Williams’ interactions with the Reese family have some positive factors that will improve Johnny’s health.
It is obvious that the Dr. William and the Reese family could be of the same cultural background. They even have same interests particularly in horses. The doctor encourages the family to use CPAP and mask in order to enhance the patient’s sleeping habits. It is also crucial to note that the doctor does this because the family can afford it because they have “a good insurance”.
Exotic Exotic factors are strange practices and do not have any harmful health consequences. Therefore, there is no need of changing exotic factors. Health planners should address what exist within different cultures, rather than considering what ought to be in the culture. For instance, both Sudanese and Vietnamese have different cultures from those of the US. These cultural orientations may not necessarily affect the health outcomes of patients.
However, taking them into account is crucial for doctors since patients highly value them. For instance, the Sudanese family belief in superstition may not affect the health outcome in the hands of the doctor. Culturally, the family believes that someone cast an evil eye on the daughter. There is nothing Dr. Williams can do about these beliefs. However, the Dr. Williams’ interactions and decisions can severely affect the outcomes of the patient.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, Vietnamese culture restricts addressing women when men are present. The doctor’s assumptions are wrong because he does not understand cultural orientations of Vietnamese. Vietnamese culture also believes in herbal cures where prescriptions have failed, or to complement prescriptions.
Negative Negative factors of the PEN-3 Model lead people to engage in harmful practices to their health, e.g. overeating or unprotected sex. In the case study, Dr. Williams’ practices may nurture poor practices among families and consequently affect the outcomes of his patients’ health particularly in his relations to Sudanese family who has no health insurance, language difficulties and believes much in superstitions (Jackson, 2012).
The doctor’s decision to disregard sleep study has serious health outcomes for the patient. In cases where medical history of the patient is not accessible, it becomes hard for the doctor to make a decision based on a patient’s past medical history.
Conclusion Cultural Appropriateness of Health Behaviour under PEN-3 Model classifies factors into positive, exotic and negative. For positive effects on patients’ health, the planner should identify beliefs and practices that are part of lifestyle and culture of community e.g. traditional herbs of Vietnamese and superstitions practices of Africans.
Likewise, planners should also identify emerging cultural orientations with no background ties to traditional cultures e.g. changes in eating habits among Sudanese immigrants may result into health complications, and Vietnamese exposure to Western medication may affect their attitude towards health practices (James, 2004). Health planners must understand reasons behind various beliefs and how they may impact on health status of individuals and community.
References Campbell, C. (1995). Health Education Planning Models. Mississippi: Mississippi Cooperative Extension Service.
Jackson, C. (2012). Domains of Cultural Competency. Cross-Cultural Health, 1(3), 3- 4.
We will write a custom Essay on Culture and Health specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More James, D. (2004). Factors influencing food choices, dietary intake, and nutrition- related attitudes among African Americans: application of a culturally sensitive model. Ethnicity health, 9(4), 349-367.
Cultural Competence and the Patient-Clinician Relationship Analytical Essay essay help online free
Aspects of Dr. Williams’ behavior that influence the families he works with The behavioral aspects of Dr. Williams that influence the decisions and the health care outcomes of the families he works with are cultural incompetence, language, family beliefs, views, experiences and backgrounds of those families.
Dr. Williams is not able to learn about the people’s culture because of lack of time; he is uncomfortable with that that he experiences problems with speaking about patients’ culture and way of life due to contradiction with scientific findings. This comes out clearly when he was handling the Waleed family.
Their belief in the evil eye was totally against the scientific evidence. So it is hard for him to deal with that. The Waleed thought that the doctor was undermining them. In Vietnamese families, for instance, the Phans, speaking loudly and hurriedly is considered bad manners.
Moreover, in their culture, men are addressed but not women, and mothers give their children’s test medicines because of lack of sufficient medical regulations. Normally, mothers care for their children. In addition, according to the Vietnam traditions, putting hands in the pocket or passing a form with a single hand is absolutely uncouth.
Dr. Williams needs to understand the languages of the families he works with. For example, in the case of Chiphan, he was not able to communicate with them effectively because he applied medical terminologies without worrying at all about the families’ health literacy. This family, therefore, did not receive any healthcare and considered him to be impolite in the way he addressed them and sworn not to come back to him again.
The roles of culture, ethnicity, race and socioeconomic status The responsibilities played by culture, ethnicity, race and socioeconomic status in families’ experiences in the healthcare system have differences in receiving treatment based on these factors (Paez, 2008). There is evidence that the minor cultural and tribal groups get an inferior quality of healthcare as compared to the major groups.i.e. the Americans. The factors affecting access to healthcare such as insurance covers, age, disease severity and income are controlled (Paez, 2008).
There is a significant difference in how patients who require lung cancer surgery, kidney transplants, cardiac catherization, amputations, flu vaccinations and mammography are treated depending on their culture, race, socio-economic status and ethnicity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Factors influencing disparities in healthcare outcomes Treatment of patients of some groups is different from others mostly because of their race and ethnic backgrounds. Black’s reports that they have received unfair treatment as compared to the white, and they also anticipate unfair treatment in the future based on race and ethnicity. Illustrations portray that life expectancy of white groups is significantly higher than of other groups irrespective of their level of education (Howard
Sexual Harassment: Tail Hook-Scandal Analytical Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Media and other nongovernmental entities
Introduction The Tail hook scandal of 1991 was military scandal in the United States. The implications of the scandal were quite enormous and have continued to be relevant in the United States military up to date. The scandal involved sexual harassment of a female officer by a navy male pilot at a Las Vegas hotel convention.
This scandal generated heavy stigma for quite sometimes and it resulted to destroying careers of very many people. Consequently, the event attracted extensive attention from the public as it raised questions concerning the effectiveness of the justice system in the US military, as well as concerns on gender issues in the forces (Kammer, 1994).
The scandal began during the return of naval aviators from Desert Storm missions in September 1991. There was a party for their return which involved several wild party activities by voluntary participants such as gross indecency and sexual suggestiveness.
According to Faludi (1994(a), in the fateful day, a marine Corp captain according to Lieutenant Coughlin’s account, grabbed her from her back but an attempt to turn around to confront the captain were frustrated by another person who held her from behind making it easier for the captain to force his hands through the female officers’ tube top.
Ethics Public official have the responsibility to ensure that in all their activities relating to their public office, they adhere to a code of ethics outlined in their line of duty at any one given point. Study shows that, there are a number of ethical statements that every public offer ought to observe (Cooper, 2012).
These ethical codes include: integrity, selflessness, honesty, and accountability. In the Tail hook-scandal report on sexual harassment, there were clear violations of ethical standards by the military officers who sexually harassed their female colleague at the party.
The incident that took place in September 1991 in the navy Taillhook convention witnesses a violation of ethical standards by several navy officers. This ethical violation was not only a disgrace to the navy but also to the US military as a whole. During the party, female officers as well as guests, encountered navy aviators who had their buttocks or breasts grabbed. Worse still, some of the men aviators attempted to force these female gests and officers to strip.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Accountability The public officials involved in the Tail hook scandal were accountable to the Tail hook Association, the leadership of the aviation community in the navy, as well as to the general public.
According to the Department Of The Army (1993), accountability was one of the most difficult issues to establish in relation to the 1991Tail hook scandal. This was because there were various forms of misconduct that come to light and the navy leadership tacitly approved them or permitted them to continue. For this reason, the people who were accountable to the Tail hook scandal were indeed the Tail hook Association as well as the leadership of the aviation community in the navy.
An investigation in to the Tail hook-scandal revealed that not only were the individual officers responsible for violation of ethical standards in the forces, but also there was a revelation of a distressing trend lay down by the armed forces leaders who often than not concealed such occurrences or even Shan them away (Department Of Defense, 1992).
It has been reported that the leaders in the armed forces were well aware of the existence of the similar behaviors since 1989. Nevertheless, they overlooked the incidences and at times demonstrated tolerance. This was in line with the contempt attitude held by many man in the military towards their female counterparts (Boo, 1992).
The report further elucidate that, despite numerous complaints leveled by women regarding sexual harassment in the navy, the leaders never took any serious actions against the perpetrators. As such, the perpetrators and their accomplices were able to obstruct any kind of investigation.
Prevention In an effort to prevent future events such as the Tailhook scandal, the scope of investigations in cases involving sexual harassment in the US military should be comprehensive in that the investigation can cover all the other laws and regulations relating to sexual harassment and violation of ethical standards (Browne, 2007).
This step can indeed be helpful in preventing incidences such as the Tail hook incident as the laws and regulations can address individual accountability both for the perpetrators and failure by the leadership to provide a clear avenue for investigating reports of similar nature (Jaffe, 1992).
We will write a custom Essay on Sexual Harassment: Tail Hook-Scandal specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Media and other nongovernmental entities The role of the media and other non-governmental organizations were very crucial in the exposure of sexual harassment of women in the military. Following the Tailhook scandal, Coughlin one of the victims was featured in magazines such as the New Women Magazine with her story as well as in the Glamour Magazine. The intervention of the media is cited by many as the major factor that led the navy to institute an investigation on the Tail hook scandal.
According to a study conducted on media report, there were more than 600 stories which were published by mainstream newspapers relating to the Tail hook scandal (Ogden, 1994). This goes to show that the role of newspapers and other forms of media such as television played a crucial role in bringing the Tail hook scandal in the public domain.
The media focus on women in the military began during the Gulf War in the 1990s where women were deployed in the war more than ever before in the history of US armed forces.
This war was quite significant in the history of the united state and thus attracted extensive media coverage especially in relation to the contribution of female officers in the war. The reality of women combatants was brought to the Americans attention and the by the media as well as challenges they were going through (Faludi, 1994(b).
One of such challenges was sexual harassment in the US military especially in the navy, which was for a long time being covered up by the top ranking officials. After the inclusion of female officers in the army, there were concerns related to sexual harassment which caught the attention of the media and non-governmental organizations (Frieman, 2008).
The report on the Tail hook scandal was not an exception as the report had been sat on by the military officials not until it leaked to the national media. The media and other non-governmental organizations especially the feminist propagated the issue until the military had to look into it.
References Boo, K. (1992). Universal soldier: what Paula Coughlin can teach American women – sexual assault victim demands justice – Cover Story. Web.
Browne, K.. (2007). Military Sex Scandals From Tailhook To The Present: The Cure Can Be Worse Than The Disease. Duke Journal Of Gender Law
Comparison of the Opening Scene of Macbeth by Orson Welles and The Tragedy of Macbeth by Roman Polanski Compare and Contrast Essay essay help
Macbeth is one of the most popular Shakespeare’s plays that have different film adaptations. Comparing and contrasting the opening scene of the best-known adaptations by Roman Polanski and Orson Welles, it is possible to notice that although both directors use the same classical plot and effectively transform Shakespeare’s text, they see this story from the different points of view.
Thus, Polanski preserves the realistic description and tries to make film more shocking in order to demonstrate the evil part of Macbeth and emphasizes the appearance of the characters instead of their dialogues, while Welles involves witches as the characters that bring some sense with their words rather than their appearance, making film more impressionistic and picturesque.
The opening scene of The Tragedy of Macbeth starts with the words “fair is foul and foul is fair” that Polanski takes from the end of the Shakespeare’s scene (The Tragedy of Macbeth). On the other hand, Welles starts film using the last words of act four: “Double double toil and trouble” (Macbeth).
Due to the different understanding of Shakespeare’s intensions, both directors emphasize different ideas and elements of the story. Welles supposes that witches can be the agents of evil and, thereby, the audience can expect the forthcoming troubles. At the same time, the director does not indicate the names of those withes as it is mentioned in Shakespeare’s text, he just makes hints about the possible problems that the witches can make.
Perhaps, Orson Welles supposed that the audience of the XX century was not familiar with the certain spirits of the Elizabethan time and with their names, moreover, in this context, it was not important to mention the names, the director just wanted to emphasize the evil background of the events.
Roman Polanski shows the appearance of the witches trying to emphasize the different sides of the nature of the characters. As it was mentioned before, adaptation of Polanski seems shocking because of the bloody scenes and specific mood of the actions. His witches are grotesquely ugly; however, their characters are not opened well. The director wanted to emphasize their appearance instead of providing more psychological explanation.
The interior elements of the adaptation of Polanski distract an attention of the audience from the words of witches. The voices of the witches are screeching and difficult to understand.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is impossible to comprehend the meaning of this scene in case if one is not familiar with Shakespeare’s text. Therefore, the opening scene of Polanski seems poorly done. The opening scene is the most important moment of the film and it is difficult to understand the whole plot without understanding of the beginning.
At the same time, Welles creates more tremendous picture using not only the visual elements of the withes’ appearance, but also demonstrating their evil character and intentions. The dialogues are clear and precise. The audience can easily comprehend the main idea of the film. Thereby, the opening scene of Welles seems more interesting and picturesque.
Analyzing the opening scenes of the of Macbeth by Orson Welles and The Tragedy of Macbeth by Roman Polanski, it is possible to conclude that, although both directors used the same classic plot, they demonstrated Shakespeare’s idea in the different ways. Welles provides more precise and picturesque description of the evil side of the characters, while Polanski emphasizes their appearance, making film more shocking and bloody.
Works Cited Macbeth. Ex. Prod. Orson Welles. US: Republic Pictures, 1948. DVD.
The Tragedy of Macbeth. Ex. Prod. Roman Polanski. US: Columbia Pictures. 1971. DVD.
Analysis of Unemployment and Inflation in the United States Report essay help online
The current unemployment rate in the United States is 8.3%. This is an improvement from last year and the last quarter. The economy generated around 240,000 jobs with the private sector taking over 60% of this tally.
The economy is set to continue generating jobs in the next few months further reducing the unemployment rate to 7.8% according the bureau of labor statistics’ prediction. This is the best growth in economy since 1995 and it is set to continue at a steady but moderate rate of 3% as the country heads to 2013.
The inflation rate was at around 7%. The rate is not conclusive but hovers around that figure. This is because different indices measure rates of inflation. This includes Consumer Price Index, Producer price indices, Import and Export Prices, unemployment trends among others. Notably, improved unemployment rate leads to lower inflation levels.
The lowest rates of unemployment were recorded in 2010. This was at the height of the recession that continues to grapple the country with major negative implications in the economy. The highest rates of unemployment the economy recorded were in 2007. Economists attribute this sudden discovery and subsequent embrace of the internet in various institutions following its discovery in the previous years. This resulted to notable growth in the economic activity.
At its lowest peak in 2010, around 90% of the workforce had occupations as shown by unemployment rate of 9.7%. the second lowest was in 2011 recording an unemployment rate of 9.1%. This indicates that around 90% of the workforce in United States had work. The unemployment rate was lowest in 2007. In 2008, the country plunged into an economic crisis after the property and liquidity market bubble. This was preceded by robust economic activity in 2007. Hence, the high rates of employment.
Business Cycle and GDP Trends Business cycle is the periodic up and down fluctuations in economic activity measured by changes in real GDP plus other numerous macroeconomic variables. Currently, the economy is at prosperity in the wake of a recession. The last signs of a recession were in 2009.
The economy has been prospering for the last 7 quarters. Before the recession that rocked the country in 2008, the economy was growing steadily since 2000. This was occasioned largely by growth in the tech world and the recession came because of a banking and property trade crisis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gross Domestic Product Real GDP refers to the output of products (goods and services) which are produced in the United States of America. The production uses property and labor situated in the country. Unemployment was highest in 2000 with percentage from preceding period of 4.1 while it was lowest in 2008 with percentage change from preceding period of -0.3. This indicates that unemployment rate has a very critical bearing on the outcome of the economy.
It especially affects the GDP very drastically. Hence, it is paramount for the government to put into consideration this important factor and spur growth in employment to improve GDP levels steadily. The last recession before 2008 was in 1998. This was after the South American recession, which had started in Brazil. Later, the United States of America had its own recession moment.
It is highly attributable to the bilateral relationship that United States had with its neighbors economically. Hence, the shake-ups from the economic activity in the south affected the economy in the country. The economy was at its peak in 2007 and in early 2000 and the early 1990. The major factors include revolution in the internet world plus robust American borrowing, which increased their purchasing power. Incidentally, in 2008 this was the reason the economy went to a downturn according to government statistics.
How to Calculate CPI CPI (Consumer Price Index) is a measure that economists use to calculate the rate of inflation in a country. Economists use it alongside other measures such as imports and exports, Producer Price index etc. There are indices for different groups of consumers. This includes CPI for all urban consumers and CPI for urban wage earners.
CPI = (Updated cost/Base Period cost)*100
Updated/current cost is the cost of a particular item in a certain year. Base period cost is the cost of that particular item in a year of reference. E.g. if we want to find the CPI in 2012 using price of bread, we take the price of bread in 2012 (say $1.5) and the price of bread in a certain base year (say 1980, $0.95).
CPI = 1.5/0.95*100
We will write a custom Report on Analysis of Unemployment and Inflation in the United States specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The factor interest rates are quite confusing when calculating CPI. This is because it leads to variability and changes. For example, governments through their monetary policies constantly adjust interest rates, which affect CPI. To handle this, it is important to look at averages critically and come up with a baseline.
Limitations of CPI are many. The most prominent is which products the government use and which base year should an economist should employ. Selecting base year affects the size of CPI. To solve this, economists look for the year with the greatest influence in the current economic situation or an ideal historical economic situation.
Hedge fund Fraud Analytical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
The following is an essay about hedge fund fraud. The essay looks into two terms hedge fund and fraud. A hedge fund is simply an investment vehicle, which is used by corporate and other individuals who have a high level of per capita income. The term hedge fund is not a legal term but a term, which is used to refer to those investments, which are regulated by the common investment regulatory authorities and are self-regulated.
Because of the complexity of transactions involved, this kind of fund is restricted to individuals with a great net worth or corporations, which can monitor and oversee their operations. Hedge fund deals with a portfolio, which has investments such as, bonds bills, mutual funds, stocks, as well as real estate management (Walker, 2010)
Hedge funds tend to be some of the organizations, which rake in huge profits for their investors because they are not externally, controlled meaning they can invest in a wider range of options. They are also not limited on which techniques to use such as holding stocks and speculation. They also employ variety of strategies to analyze the market trends (Walker, 2010). This creates a buffer from failing during the bear season. They are also diversified in that they invest in a wider range of options.
However, the challenge with hedge funds is that they are prone to being defrauded by the hedge managers. There have been many cases of hedge fund fraud in many countries. This is because the investors internally regulate most of the hedge funds. If the investors are not sophisticated and are not smarter than the manager hedge manager can take advantage of this and mismanage the fund.
One of such instances where the manager defrauded the investors was that of Philip Baker of Lakeshore Hedge Fund where he defrauded over nine hundred investors by releasing false information about the profits and the earnings of the company. This meant that he wanted to defraud the investors their dividends.
Other fund managers have been accused of maintaining riotous living at the expense of the funds, which they manage. They misuse the funds in the name of company expenses. One of such managers who were accused of this type of a fraud was Daedelous Partners case where the managers were accused of giving out false financial statements by indicating that the fund had made huge profits yet they had used the profits to fund their lifestyle (Stulz, 2007).
Another case of fraud, which usually happens in hedge funds, is that of insider trading where the managers use their influence to buy properties from their accomplices at inflated prices, which certainly means that the investor will have little or no profit. This happened in the case of Capital Time Global Growth Fund where the manager was convicted of having provided false information to the investors concerning the value of stocks in which the company was investing. This led to the collapse of that hedge fund (Stulz, 2007).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To prevent these frauds pertaining to the hedge fund the federal government instituted a department in the Federal Bureau of Investigation whose sole responsibility is to investigate these funds. Their work is to investigate the transactions as well as the information released to the investors by the managers to ensure that they are in tandem. This will make the investors to be more informed of the operations of the hedge fund.
References Stulz, R. (2007). Hedge funds past, present, and Future. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 21 (2), 175-194.
Walker, S. (2010). Wave theory for alternative investments. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.
Taxation Analytical Essay argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Views of the Author
Policy recommendations made by Author
Views of the Author The author of the article appears to be providing the citizens within the region with information that can assist them make proper choices in terms of facilities provided by the Government (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 1). In the beginning the author confronts Mr. Gulbranson, a local who owns a logo apparel shop and a few other small enterprises to sustain his family.
Probably out of lack of knowledge Mr. Gulbranson is of the opinion that too many Americans rely on Government aid. He further shows support for politicians who approve reductions in government expenditure (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 1).
Surprisingly, Mr. Gulbranson is awaiting a subsidy offered to working families known as the earned-income tax credit. In addition to this he has signed up all three of his children into programs that provide them with free breakfast and lunch at federal expense (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 1). Furthermore, Mr. Gulbranson makes use of government financed Medicare to provide health services for himself and his family. Through Medicare Mr. Gulbranson has managed to take his mother for hip surgery twice.
The author uses the Gulbranson case to indicate to the public that a large number of the critics of the Government Safety Net benefit from the services provided immensely. Due to this awkward position held by a large percentage of the population Politicians have began to make efforts to increase such benefits (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 1).
However, this approach is suitable in a case where the government has adequate funding. Unfortunately, trends in the global economy have led to a situation where the government is falling into debt (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 1).
The situation has become national dilemma with almost 70% of the population accepting a proposal to raise taxes. At the same time 56% were of the opinion that the government should make cuts in Medicare and social security (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 1). The government on the other hand needs to solve the situation soon as it seems like it could become a major issue in the nation in the coming years.
Policy recommendations made by Author As the article progresses it becomes clear that majority of citizens, especially those in the middle class appreciated the help they received from the government. Mr. Gulbranson indicates that he would rather do without the government subsidy on school lunches but maintain the taxation that contributes to social security (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 2).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This point is supported fact that Social security taxes can manage the benefits for a worker after retirement. However, this situation is also getting complicated due to the fact that Social Security has to contend with the benefits of spouses and workers earning lower wages (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 22).
But the problem with Medicare is worse because a worker contributing $1 to Medicare receives $3 worth of services. This happens because whereas Medicare is meant to serve as an insurance program, the premiums paid are not nearly enough when compared to the service offered.
Due to this position many of the older citizens feel they are taking more from the government than they paid in taxes. This situation suggests a worse picture in future which is likely to affect the young members of society. This assumption is based on the opinion of the senior citizen known as Mrs. Barbara Sullivan who is 71.
In the article Mrs. Sullivan highlights her distress in relation to her grandchildren who may have to contend with much higher taxes in the future. This sentiment has also been reported by politicians who suggest there is a need to break away from government aid if the future is to be any brighter (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 3). One issue that remains not addressed is the issue of increasing taxes.
Personal Assessment Upon going through the article it becomes clear that while the US government has gone to great lengths to spend money on improving the life of citizens, this expenditure is leading the nation into debt. This position can be assumed based on information that indicates that government programs sometimes spend more on service provision than they receive in the form of taxes and premiums (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 3).
It has also been noted that as a result of these programs the amount on National debt has been rising steadily in the recent past. Because of this increased debt many Americans, especially older ones who rely on social security feel that the government should reduce the amount of money it spends on a variety of subsidies (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 3). Because of the current situation many senior citizens foresee a much tougher taxation regime in the future to offset the national debt.
It has also been established by some respondents that among the reasons these reductions should be made is due to the fact that some beneficiaries spend carelessly (Appelbaum and Gebeloff 4). This opinion was based on the assumption that the respondent aims to work throughout and not retire. However, when asked about how they will cope with reduced performance brought about by old age, the respondent appeared to understand the need for these programs.
We will write a custom Essay on Taxation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After careful consideration it would appear that the best way to tackle this dilemma would be to raise taxes reasonably. Another option could be to increase the age for eligibility for those in need of social security. This opinion comes based on the fact that even in the current population many people agree that increased taxation is possible.
For that reason it would appear there is a need to sensitize the population on the economic situation within the country. It is believed once the population is aware of what lies ahead they will be ready to embrace the change that is required. This approach has already been successful in answering the questions of the respondents of this survey. It can thus be assumed that a similar approach should work in the country in general.
Works Cited Appelbaum, Binyamin, and Robert Gebeloff. Even Critics of Safety Net Increasingly Depend in it. (2012). Print.
Politics in the 1960s: Vietnam War, Bay of Pigs Invasion, Berlin Wall Descriptive Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Vietnam War
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Construction of the Berlin Wall
Vietnam War Though it is mostly referred to by Americans and other Westerners as the Vietnam War, this particular conflict is known by many names. The war which took place from 1961 – 1975 is known to the Vietnamese as the “America war” to distinguish it from other confrontations with adversaries in the twentieth century (Lawrence 1).
Some scholars and individuals striving for greater detachment also refer to the conflict as the “Second Indochina War” with a view to indicating that the fighting engulfed not just Vietnam but also included Laos and Cambodia (Lawrence 1).
The Vietnamese communists labeled it the “War of Liberation” or the “Anti-US War of National Salvation”. Regardless of the name used in referring to the war it is clear that it was a major event in the history of both countries involved.
Though the War has been written about by a large number of authors, the majority of those who have documented the event did so from an American perspective (Lawrence 1). This is mainly due to the fact that the Americans have by far allowed greater access to researchers perusing the once secret documentation about the event.
However, in recent years following the collapse of the Soviet Union between1980 – 1990 and the opening of Vietnam to the outside world in the same period it is possible to understand the motives of both countries (Lawrence 2). This is because prior to this period the records and documents maintained by the communist nations were inaccessible due to the nature of these governments. The end of the Cold War seriously altered the situation by decreasing the level and degree of sensitivity in many regions around the world.
This war has been the subject of numerous debates and the end of the Cold War signified an opportunity to attempt to unearth the issues that led to the conflict between these nations. Some have argued that the war can be attributed to a series of events that occurred in the 1940’s (Lawrence 7).
The Vietnamese people have had a long history of being under the rule of powerful outsiders. They were ruled by the Chinese as early as 111 B.C. and during the period borrowed heavily from Chinese culture (Lawrence 8). The region was also a point visited by European Missionaries in the period of around 1700 leading to the conversion of almost 7% of the population to Catholicism. This was followed by French occupation in the 18th century.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Jennings the role of America in World War II is what led t its involvement in Vietnam (5). This is because following French occupation, the region was occupied by the Japanese. Due to this in 1945 a number of American paratroopers landed in the country to free a number of Prisoners of War (Jennings 5). After attempts to get American help in fighting the French failed the Vietnamese eventually managed to beat the French in 1954. Soon after this defeat the communist North began to attack the Southern Part of Vietnam.
These attacks led to the formation of an alliance between the United States and the Southern part of the country led by President Diem (Jennings 21). By 1964, there were over 20,000 US troops within the country whose aim was to train and support the Southern Vietnamese army. Unfortunately, the Northern Vietnamese would respond to the bombing raids by attacking an American Base and killing eight US soldiers (Jennings 25).
This attack to the US base saw the US president order another more serious strike on the armies from the North. This air strike would be followed by another order that saw American Marine troops brought into the country (Levy 26). The marines were the first official troops sent to Vietnam and they were warmly welcomed to the country. Soon after the Marine arrivals some terrorist attempted to bomb the US embassy in Vietnam. This led to further aggression and saw the US army begin its quest to bring the rebels to book (Levy 26).
Bay of Pigs Invasion This term is mostly used to bring to light the actions of an American backed group of Cuban Exiles. These exiles believed they were going to overthrow the leftist Cuban leader, Fidel Castro (iMinds 1). Cubans refer to the war as the Battle of Grion and it took place along one of the beaches in the Bay of Pigs area. This attempted invasion was a major flashpoint in the Cold War era and saw the world pushed to the brink of a nuclear war.
Cuba gained independence from Spain in the year 1898. In the decades the followed this, many American businesses were opened in Cuba and soon Americans were in control of industries and landholdings (iMinds 1). Due to this position some of the early presidents such as Batista were close allies of the US. This was the situation until Fidel Castro led a failed coup attempt to oust Batista. After this failure, Castro was imprisoned and exiled (iMinds 1).
Unfortunately, once Castro came into power he nationalized industry without the exception of American industries. This led both the US President (Eisenhower) and the CIA to the conclusion that Castro had brought the significant threat of socialism right to their doorstep. Following this conclusion, in 1960 the CIA began to establish a secret task force aimed at over throwing Castro (iMinds 1).
At the same time the US elections were round the corner and it became more of a priority to delay the Cuban strike at least shortly. At this time Castro had managed to get wind of the planned invasion of Cuba through intelligence that came from Cubans in America (iMinds 1).
We will write a custom Essay on Politics in the 1960s: Vietnam War, Bay of Pigs Invasion, Berlin Wall specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Castro took advantage of the time due to delays to strengthen an army. Owing to increased military pressure, Castro accepted a proposal that saw the Soviet Union install a nuclear base in Cuba. This action led to one of the greatest crisis in history known as the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 (iMinds 3).
Construction of the Berlin Wall Following the end of the World War, when Germany surrendered on 7th May 1945, the process that saw the post war division of Europe was already well underway. Both the US and Soviet Union had been unable to come up with a suitable solution for Europe (Best 242).
In the months that followed, Germany, the old enemy was divided into two parts namely, East and West. The period around the 60’s saw an increase in activity in both Communist and Capitalist countries. And the establishment of a wall played the role of a curtain that separated the communist East from the Capitalist West.
It is reported that in the 50’s the Soviet-American relationship began to sour once more. In Europe the main area of focus was in Berlin where Britain, France and America retained control over the Western part of the city (Best 240). In 1958 the Russian President Khrushchev ordered the Western troops to leave Berlin or risk evacuation by the German Democratic Republic. This because after World War II Germany was divided into sectors that were controlled by either Western allies or the Soviet Union.
President Khrushchev’s goal in this matter was to bring an end to the brain drain that was taking place due to the migration of young East Germans to the West. In addition to that he also argued that such an action would cause a rift between the US and West Germans relationship (Best 240). As a result of pressure from the Soviet Union the then German president ordered the construction of a wall separating the two regions.
Before the construction of the wall began, a blockade was established and had proven to be very effective at controlling migration. However, the first blockade had still failed in providing maximum protection and as such Khrushchev ordered that greater security had to be implemented (Rottman and Taylor 29).
Following this pressure in the early morning of August 13th 1961, West Berlin was awoken to the sound of trucks, and large construction machines. In addition to the machinery there was a heavy military presence that had surrounded the city.
The troops were unaware of what their orders were until all were in position. It turned out to be an East German operation that had enlisted the services of many nationals including girls youth organizations to provide food to the troops (Rottman and Taylor 29).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Politics in the 1960s: Vietnam War, Bay of Pigs Invasion, Berlin Wall by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Though much of the border had already been sealed prior to the construction of the wall, the construction covered a long stretch that lay between two popular crossing points. Before the wall was erected there had been 81 official crossing points and the walls construction left only about 13 crossing points (Rottman and Taylor 30).
In addition to eliminating the possibility of people moving between the countries it became evident that the East German government had every intention to exert pressure on its citizens. This was evident in the manner that soldiers handled reporters who attempted to cover the story (Rottman and Taylor 30).
As time went on several people would join on opposite sides of the wall and begin chanting anti government sentiments. The West Berliners were under orders to maintain a distance of at least 100m from the line. The youth from West Berlin would throw stones at the soldiers and there was a lot of fighting between the parties (Rottman and Taylor 32).
Once the wall was erected there were various measures of military buildup, economic integration and political co operation were established on both sides. This action was the first of a series that would see the rest of Europe divided into two opposing blocs for the next 45 years (Best 242).
This saw the emergence of many crises all around the world such as the Cuban Missile crisis, conflict in Congo and the Vietnam War. However, due to this position the US and Soviet Union had to maintain a constant level of alertness to avert any potential attacks.
Works Cited Best, Anthony. International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond. Oxon: Routledge, 2004. Print.
iMinds. Bay of Pigs: Crime, War
Computer Hacking Argumentative Essay online essay help: online essay help
Computer hacking refers to the art of identifying and exploiting the weaknesses that exist in computer systems. Hacking can be done on a malicious basis or on good grounds. Hackers use their knowledge and skills to exploit the flaws that exist in certain systems in consideration to their specialization. Hacking exists in two forms, which are ethical and illegal hacking.
For the ethical hackers, they pursue hacking in order to identify the unexploited areas or determine weaknesses in systems in order to fix them. On the contrary, illegal hackers’ interests are for personal gains such as money and prestige.
Through hacking, they gain access into confidential information and manipulate it for their own gain or cause losses to the system owners (Caldwell, 2003). Repeatedly, it is realized that ethical hackers are the real hackers because of their expertise in computer systems while illegal hackers are known as crackers.
In the process of hacking, hackers gain different information depending on their core objective for hacking. There exist white hat, grey hat and black hat hackers.
White hat hackers perceive the challenges that are manifested in computer systems and seek ways in which they can develop measures to counter any eventualities in addition to development of up-to-date security systems. The grey hat hackers are individuals who break into other individuals’ or organizations’ systems in order to establish the deficiencies or illegal acts they conduct.
Black hat hackers use the profit motive, protest or individual challenges from the knowledge they have to break into systems (Gunkel, 2001). The whole act of hacking demands creative, focused, and endowed individuals with problem-solving skills. Generally, hackers have an in-depth passion to explore into computer systems for various reasons.
In the exercise of hacking, it is realized that most hackers are senior individuals in the society. This norm is enhanced by the fact that they have autonomous access to various organizations’ security systems and have the necessary input required for hacking such as monetary resources and hacking experience. In their act of hacking, they explore the daily challenges they encounter in their field of work, and explore new ideas.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This culture propagates a competitive notion, which could either have negative or positive results. Meanwhile, the outcome of the identified continuous challenge for effectiveness or inefficiencies in security systems make the hackers contented (Parks, 2008). Furthermore, hacking becomes beneficial if pursued on a positive mindset in the innovation of appropriate security systems.
Over the decades, it has been realized that the young adults have the greatest passion for hacking. This norm is because of their magnificent energy and eagerness to explore the unique areas unidentified by their predecessors.
The presumption that hackers have negative and positive impacts to the society attracts them to explore the challenges attributed to hacking in the process of learning about computer hardware and software. As seen from the destructive nature that can be imparted on systems software and hardware by hackers, it is necessary to conduct a continuous search for efficient systems that can ensure protection of organization resources.
To counter the acts of illegal hackers, it is mandatory to adopt measures such as firewalls and other appropriate security systems that prevent intruders or phreakers from accessing confidential information. On this note, organizations are protected from harm despite the hackers skills that are either beneficial or destructive to the society as a whole.
References Caldwell, W. (2003). Computer security sourcebook. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics.
Gunkel, D. J. (2001). Hacking cyberspace. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
Parks, P. J. (2008). Computer hacking. Farmington Hills, MI: Lucent Books.
We will write a custom Essay on Computer Hacking specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
White Collar Crime: Embezzlement another High Dollar Scheme Research Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Definition of white collar crime
In-depth definition and explanation of embezzlement
The way embezzlement is committed
Who commits the crime and who is affected?
Definition of white collar crime White collar crime refers to a crime that is committed by a person in the high rank, or a person who is highly respected and with a high social status in the society (Sutherland, 1983; Gerber
Wedding in the UAE Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Wedding is one of the most significant events in the life of every young girl. Every country has its own wedding traditions which include definite customs and principles of the right preparation for the wedding. Young women in the UAE also consider wedding as the most important and pleasant event in their lives. The preparation for the wedding in the UAE is a long process, and the wedding ceremony is the great beautiful act which consists of several stages.
The first stage is the bride’s preparation for her wedding. It is interesting that it usually begins when the wedding date is set, and it can last during forty days. Thus, he bride’s preparations require a lot of time and energy. However, it is the happiest period in a woman’s life.
It is forbidden to see the bride during these forty days. Only the family members can see her and help to prepare for her wedding day. Traditionally, it is paid much attention to her look. Different sorts of special oils and perfumes are used to cover her body from head to toe. It is also significant to decorate the bride’s skin with various henna patterns. Moreover, her hair should be washed with traditional extracts of amber and jasmine in order to make it beautiful.
The members of the bride’s family also concentrate on the quality of the dishes which she eats because it is important to keep her purity and even perfectness. The groom’s presents as pieces of jewelry and silk materials also contribute to such intentions. These presents will be used for her trousseau which is traditionally known as Alzehba.
The next stage of the wedding is the celebrations which can be held during one week or more before the wedding night. Nevertheless, modern pairs are inclined to celebrate their weddings less than one week. They listen to the traditional music, sing traditional wedding sings and dance in order to celebrate the happiest moment in their lives.
Moreover, these festivities are followed with the henna night or Laylat Al Henna during which the bride’s sisters, girlfriends and female guests prepare her for her first wedding night and decorate her hands and feet with henna which leaves dark red stains on her skin.
Furthermore, it is impossible to imagine the bride in UAE who does not use the Arabian Kohl or eyeliners. The usage of black eyeliners is also can be considered as a definite tradition which is popular for many years. This substance is usually taken from a black stone known as Al Athmad and is used to accentuate the beauty of women’s eyes. The henna night is the last period before the bride’s wedding night.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also important that men and women who are the guests at the wedding usually celebrate separately according to the Muslim traditions. In spite of the fact all the wedding traditions depend on general Islamic religious principles, the approaches to the ceremony can be different in various Muslim countries. For instance, weddings in Egypt can differ from weddings in Africa or India because of following definite customs.
We can conclude that wedding can be considered as one of the most important events in the women’s life in UAE. It is necessary to remember that all the peculiarities of the wedding in UAE depend on strict following definite Islamic traditions and customs.
Alcohol: Should the US Lower the Drinking Age to 18? Research Paper college essay help
Table of Contents The introduction: some basic points of alcohol problem
The thesis statement
The body: alcohol, parenting and psychological disorders
The conclusion: no permission to lower the drinking age
The introduction: some basic points of alcohol problem While analyzing the drinking age, I would like to point out some fundamentals of the so-called alcohol problem. First of all, there is a need to admit that genetic factors in alcoholism, as well as personality traits and social aspects are considered to be the key points of underage drinking.
So, special investigations have shown that there is a strong interdependence between hereditary and alcohol use. Thus, Leigh Sexton (2011) is of the opinion that “Where children whose biological parents were alcoholics were adopted at birth into non-alcoholic families they still had higher levels of alcohol addiction than adopted children with no alcoholic parent” (para. 2).
Personality traits are also to be analyzed, as there is an opinion that anti-social traits, lack of self-confidence are recognized to be the causes, which lead to alcohol addiction.
In other words, various personality abnormalities or disorders are considered to be the primary reasons of alcohol abuse. Another important point I would like to highlight is that those parents who bring up their kids in an alcoholic home increase the risk of alcohol use by their children.
The most interesting fact, however, is that alcohol abuse can be omitted. There can be no alcohol abuse, but the chances that children start drinking at 15 or 16 are still high. “Drinking in the teens nearly doubles the risk of alcohol abuse compared with those who start drinking after they enter their twenties” (Sexton, 2011, para. 5).
Social drinking is one of the most complicated cases of alcohol abuse. Thus, among young gatherings drinking is considered to be desirable and even standard process. In most cases, there are friends who encourage the person to drink. On the other hand, it is also rather important to pay attention to familial behaviors. Sometimes, the parents mention that the idea to drink a cold beer seems to be quite attractive. In their turn, children comprehend such messages as normal desire to slake one’s thirst.
The thesis statement Alcohol addiction of adolescents is mostly related to lack of personality development, lack of self-confidence, age-related issues, and unstable family role. Thus, the idea to lower the drinking age to 18 seems to be totally absurd. The analysis of some investigations can help to resolve the issue and take right decision.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The body: alcohol, parenting and psychological disorders Generally, alcohol abuse among youths is recognized to be the most serious problem, which is to be resolved. Prof. David J. Hanson (2011) says that “On national television programs, Califano reported horror stories of alcohol abuse among college students, associating it with assault, rape, and even murder” (para. 2).
Some important data shows that 60% of STD are acquired at the state of alcoholic inebriation. 90% rapes take place when the victim is drunk. 95% of illegal actions are alcohol-related.
Prof. David J. Hanson (2011) states that “the average young person will have seen 100,000 beer commercials between the age of two and eighteen But just think – sixteen years or about 5,844 days occur between a person’s second and eighteenth birthday” (para. 5).
In the late eighties, all fifty states of the USA prohibited alcohol drinking for those who are less than 21. The law was adopted when higher traffic fatalities were associated with alcohol-abusing persons under the age of 21. However, “many underage youth continue to consume alcohol and to experience alcohol related problems” (Hingson
The Concept of Human Resource Management and Its Issues Essay custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Role of Human Resource Management
Problems Facing Human Resource Management
Introduction The objective of every business enterprise or organization is to achieve success, which is usually measured in terms of earnings and profits. In order to achieve this feat, companies invest heavily in various resources. The human resource is one of the most significant resources on which a company depends to achieve its objectives.
It is, arguably, the most vital in any business establishment (Armstrong 3). The skills, expertise, experience and energy of individuals, among other factors determine the success of businesses. For this reason, proper management of this resource is vital.
Attempts to attach a definition to the concept of human resource management are riddled with difficulties (Bratton 1). These difficulties stem from the fact that human resource management as a management concept is understood differently in various organizations and even countries/regions.
It is generally agreed that it involves the acquisition, development and the rewarding of human resource in order to achieve the organization’s objectives (Armstrong 10). Issues such as career progression, equal opportunities at the workplace, trade union relationships and environmental issues are sometimes included or excluded when focusing on human resource management (Armstrong 10).
The Role of Human Resource Management The human resource departments of business establishments are continually recruiting, acquiring and developing talent through human resource management practices (Bratton 15). Continuous training and skill development is crucial, to ensure that the company or organization has at its disposal, a well trained and motivated team. Investment in such a workforce is vital for the continuous growth and survival of firms in today’s competitive market environment.
Management of the human resource in an organization is aimed at achieving certain objectives which are crucial for the survival of the firm (Armstrong 2). In order to contribute to the success of business, management of people at the workplace inevitably involves fulfilling certain obligations. One of these is the role of supporting the learning process of employees (Bratton 4).
Continuous development of the skills which are relevant to the needs of the firm is important, in order to keep and maintain a relevant work force. Good human resource management practices involve providing employees with opportunities and resources to acquire additional and relevant qualifications with the aim of improving their performance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Motivation of the workforce is crucial for a better performance. A crucial role played by human resource management is putting in place policies and measures to ensure that employees are motivated to perform better and remain committed to their work (Armstrong 12). When an employee achieves another level of competence, acquires new skills or posts good performance, it is important to make him/her feel appreciated and valued. This can be done through reward systems put in place by a good human resource management regime (Bratton 13).
A work environment that is conducive for the harmonious co-existence of employees and other stakeholders at the work place is vital. The productivity of employees is significantly influenced by their work environment. The ability to work in harmony, without undue pressure and stress can be a great boost to their performance.
Fostering partnerships, cooperation and good relationships between employees and management are the roles of human resource management in an organization (Bratton 4). In achieving the aim of providing a good working environment, the management should also put into consideration, the differences existing among employees, and their individual needs.
The workplace in most organizations today has undergone a total transformation. There are more women in senior management positions, and they are increasingly taking up roles that were hitherto ‘reserved’ for men (Bratton 32). Managing the human resource of any organization currently requires attaching importance to the need to offer equal opportunities for all, irrespective of race or gender.
There are arguments that good human resource management policies such as ensuring equal representation of minority or disadvantaged groups in positions of leadership, earn the company a good reputation (Armstrong 21). The effect may translate into favorable public opinion and improvement in share prices.
The role of human resource management in organizations cannot be conclusively defined. The reason for this is that different organizations and business entities view the concept differently from others.
However, there are many functions of HRM that are agreed on. These include; developing policies, systems and procedures that are in alignment with the strategies and policies of the organization, developing and utilizing the human resource to achieve competitive advantage of the firm, encouraging employees to develop their capabilities, embrace teamwork and remain committed to their work (Thomas 27).
We will write a custom Essay on The Concept of Human Resource Management and Its Issues specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Problems Facing Human Resource Management Good HRM practices emphasize leadership, communication and motivation when dealing with employees. These principles have for a long time been core to the management of people at the workplace, and were employed to ensure that the employees performed their duties with commitment.
However, changes in the business environment have led to a different attitude towards HRM practices (Thomson 337). Increased competition among firms, pressure from shareholders to post good performance and maintain a good share price among others, have led to the capitalization of human resources (Thomson 341).
Employees are treated as any other resource that should be exploited for maximum gain (Thomas 21). This is contrary to the traditional approach to HRM which stressed the need to appeal to the minds and hearts of employees in order to get their commitment.
Good HRM practices involve treating employees as valued assets, whose skills and high competence aid in achieving the goals of the organization (Thomas 39). This should be achieved through the creation of trust and commitment to the organization. This is not the case at present, since the trust in employment relationships is often disregarded.
Changing trends in capital accumulation have meant that the needs of the firm take precedence over those of the individual employee (Thomson 339). HRM policies have changed from managerial and people oriented to financial and capitalism oriented policies. Companies are increasingly breaking settlements, contracts and arrangements with employees regarding various aspects of their employment. This trend has seen the ‘human face’ removed from human resource management.
Many organizations have adopted an international outlook towards business. Many have opened offices across the world but are still controlled and managed from their home countries (Beaver and Plessis 21). The globalization of business has imported an international aspect to human resource management, since managers now have to deal with the management of employees who are away on special assignments or working in offices overseas.
The problems in human resource management that come about as a result of globalization are numerous (Beaver and Plessis 41). For example, dealing with the local employment laws of other countries where the human resources of the firm are present may be a problem. Issues surrounding remuneration, trade union relationships, employee benefits among others may cause immense problems in HRM.
Employees are not similar all over the world, and it would be naïve for a company to assume that its employees, wherever they are, will accept similar treatment. Cultural, religious and other forms of diversifications affect the perspectives of employees and developing a HRM policy that will be acceptable to most of the stakeholders is a huge problem facing human resource management in present times.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Concept of Human Resource Management and Its Issues by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion The human resource remains an important asset to business enterprises, despite being subjected to changes over time. The roles played by human resource management as a concept of management within an organization have shifted towards capital accumulation, and management practices have almost lost the ‘human’ face associated with human resource management.
Works Cited Armstrong, M. 2006, Human Resource Management. Web.
Beaver, B. and Andris P. 2008, The Changing Role of Human Resource Managers for International Assignments. Web.
Bratton, J. 2007, Strategic Human Resource Management. Web.
Thomas, D. 2008, Managing Human Capital: Global Trends and Challenges. Web.
Thompson, P. “The Trouble With HRM.” Human Resource Management Journal 21.4 (2011): 335-367. Wileyonlinelibrary. Web.
Cultural Event: Worship Service in World Changers Ministries Essay essay help free: essay help free
Introduction The cultural event chosen for analysis was a worship service at one of the oldest Pentecostal churches in the country called World Changers Ministries. It is in Atlanta, and people know the Ministry for having strong Evangelical principles. As expected, the event took place on a Sunday; the 19th day of February.
This worship service was a unique representation of a rising social phenomenon in the Christian church today; that of spiritual entrepreneurship. Its high patronage reflects that the values inculcated in the church resonate with modern American culture.
Basic cultural facts The worship service took place in a large church. It should be noted that the size of the congregation mattered because it shows that this is not a cultural event for a small minority. In fact, some people attend the event simply because they want to belong to such a large gathering of people.
Attendants feel that they ascribe to something momentous and that this must have an effect on their lives. The church stood out amongst other architectural features in the neighborhood because its parking lot was the busiest in that part of town. Most members of the congregation probably heard about the church from televisions, newspapers and other media sources.
This church had grown from a relatively small number to thousands in a relatively short time. Locals started talking about it, and this, in turn, drew the attention of the media. They in turn publicized the church for the pastor and thus increased attendance.
In fact, the person who presided over the service is a well known face in Christian circles; he is Pastor Creflo Dollar. The worship service was in a part of Atlanta that was easily accessible to highways and a highly visible geographical space. The location of the worship service has both geographical as well as cultural significance. It near the edge of a large city, because such places, are easily accessible and have less zoning restrictions.
Perhaps more importantly, the church is at the city’s edge because this area is ideal for the person the church intends to attract. Most of the attendants were well-educated and middle class. They may be perceived as capitalistic or consumer-oriented types as seen through the vast number of retail establishments in the area.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This church service began with a slow and quiet session of contemplation and prayer. In Pentecostal circles; that part of the event is the worship service.
Members were singing along to slow songs led by choir. These sessions would be interlaced with a series of personal prayer sessions by each member of the church. The worship leader (person in control of that aspect of the event) prompted us to “speak to the Lord”. He would also verbalize his own prayers as a way of directing the congregation.
The leader said things like “Thank you Lord for your mercy and your grace”, “We love you Jesus”, “There is none like you, Oh Great Jehovah”. At the end, of this session the worship-service leader then handed over the microphone to another member of the choir who would be in charge of the praise aspect.
This was one of the most invigorating parts of the service. Highly talented people led the congregation in singing fast-paced praise songs for the Creator. Most people danced, clapped and performed other acts of joy. The praise leader would repeat statements such as “Come on… Shout to the Lord”.
“Sing praises unto him, for he is good.”, “I want to see you dance for Jesus”. After the choir completed their mission, a member of the church’s pastoral team came to pray for offerings, make announcements, and invite the Pastor of the church. This ushered in the last and most significant aspect of the service; the sermon. The Pastor spoke about the importance of faith-led prosperity. He wore a meticulous black, three-piece suit. The speaker extensively quoted verses of the Bible to express his message.
Perhaps more importantly, he made his point using his personal experiences. He gave a highly-organized sermon having started with a thesis then some scriptural texts to support him, some personal examples and applications and finally a summary of what he had just talked about. People know Pastor Creflo Dollar for prosperity messages, and this service was not an exception. He believes that Christianity should not be synonymous to poverty as it is God’s desire for man to prosper both economically and spiritually.
In essence, this worship service was in accord with the congregation’s expectations. Most Evangelical ministries have similar sequences or patterns.
We will write a custom Essay on Cultural Event: Worship Service in World Changers Ministries specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is these features that make the Evangelical churches so appealing to the masses. They are engaging in almost all aspects of the service. Individuals should participate actively in each session. Even during the sermon, some members stood up to clap or appreciate what the pastor has said. From time to time, people would shout ‘Amen’ or ‘Halleluiah’ when the preacher said something profound.
Others would urge him on by saying “Common!” or “Oh Yes!”. In certain instances, the pastor himself would ask the congregation to clap or appreciate his message. At one time, he said “I know am preaching well. Can somebody hear me today?” and the church would respond by shouting and clapping.
The whole church service illustrated how ‘Charismatic’ this church was. The singing and prayers appeared to be quite radical and impassioned. Furthermore, the sermon illustrated that members of this church believed in firm Biblical principles. Their theological values reflected this quite accurately. However, the practicality of the messages also emphasized the fact that the service targeted modern church-goers.
This message was conservative, but easily understandable even to those Christians who rarely go to church. Nonetheless, one should not mistake the latter worship service for an easy-going event. Members of the church leadership often asserted that they symbolized a new generation as seen through their numbers. It was almost as if the leadership intended on impressing would-be attendants with their excellence.
The last aspect is the most outstanding feature of this worship service. The American population is leaning towards liberal views; therefore, a conventional approach to religion will not appeal to them. Evangelical churches such as the one I attended seek to offer something fresh and new to their attendants.
A teaching such as financial prosperity among Christians represents this new worldview. Another way to look at this worship service is in terms of the exceptional success of pastor. He is a classic case of spiritual entrepreneurship and encapsulates ideal American values of rising to prominence from nothing.
Conclusion The church service signified a modern phenomenon that fits in with current, cultural realities. Individuals attend this church because it appeals to their personal, economic and social realities. This relevance is what explains the massive membership size in that service.
Poverty and Wealth Explicatory Essay essay help online free
Introduction “The Lesson” is a short story composed in 1972 by Bambara. This piece conforms to the fiction genre; furthermore, the author employs different styles in writing such as linguistic, non-genre plot, imagery and humanistic subject that attracts diverse readers. The conjured narration is set in the interior cities within New York amongst the poor, lower class and uneducated city children.
The main theme of narration is Poverty and Wealth. Poverty typifies deprivation; thus, lacking necessities like foodstuff, accommodation, clothing and water. Concurrently, wealth is the profusion of valuable income or possession of extra material for leisure.
The connotation of the theme is to lessen the gap amongst the wealthy and deprived. This theme contributes to the meaning of “The Lesson” because the narrator illustrates the differences that exist amid the prosperous and poor kids in the fictitious story. This theme is relevant in the short story since it helps the reader to comprehend the divergence amidst the pitiable and rich. Therefore, it is a valuable premise since it may culminate in societal development and the decrease of the gap among the pitiable and rich.
The narrator expresses the theme, poverty and wealth, by denoting that children in the story come from pitiable families. The narrator says, “We all poor and live in the slums” (Bambara para 3). This means that, the children originate from slums since one can find apartments characterized with drunkards and smell of urine in its hallway in such residences. This situation noticeably lacks in wealthy apartments.
Analysis of the contrary dimension, which is the expression of wealth, is evident when Sylvia says “And Fat Butt already wasting his peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwich like the pig he is” (Bambara, Par 2). Here, the narrator was trying to show the variances amongst the affluent and pitiable.
Indeed, Fat Butt was already satisfied with his food consequently wasting it; however, Sylvia and Sugar were desperately leaning on the mailbox watching other kids eating. Miss Moore expresses this theme by asking Sylvia and Sugar whether they acknowledge the authenticity and originality of money. This assertion postulates that the story housed persons with real money and fake money. Therefore, Miss Moore was defining to Sylvia and Sugar the gap that existed between them and her. This is upon correlation to their money status.
As the kids strolled on the street, Miss Moore told them “money ain’t divided up right in this country” this shows that the city housed persons with noticeable proportions of money. As the kids, reach the fifth avenue, they spot people dressed in different attractive styles and Miss Moore tells them “this is the place”, implying the differences that existed between that place and their normal homes (Bambara, Par 4).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Indeed, it had unique feature that the kids were unfamiliar with, a place, which belonged to higher-class people due to expensive equipment unlike their poor homes.
The narrator illuminates the poverty and wealth theme during the kid’s trip, Junebug asks them. “Don’t you have a calendar and a pencil case and a blotter and a letter-opener on your desk at home where you do your homework?” (Bambara par 13). From the ensuing conversation, one can tell that despite of Mercedes having all the stated things at home, other kids like Sugar, Sylvia and Flyboy lacked a desk, homework and homes.
In the narration, “The Lesson”, by Toni Cade Bambara, the theme of scarcity and wealth become manifest in different incidences among the kids. It shows how poor people live differently from rich. Therefore, I will advocate for equality when it comes to income distribution, which will enhance development.
Works Cited Bambara, Toni. The Lesson. 1972. Web.
Relationship between Unemployment and Crime Argumentative Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Statistics of crime in many countries shows that unemployment and crime are closely related. However, different types of crimes are carried out, and not all can be directly linked to unemployment. In recent research, studies have shown that property crime can be linked to unemployment, whereas, violent crime such as murder and rape are not strongly related to unemployment.
In the 1990s, the rate of unemployment was low and so was the rate of property crime. In other studies, it shows that where the rate of unemployment is high, the rate of crime is like to be high too.
It is not easy to conclude this matter because there are different studies carried out which have given contradicting results. One may indicate that unemployment and crime are linked, whereas, another will suggest that the two are not connected (Rafael
Personal Responsibility Analytical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Thesis Statement Personal responsibility results to increase in the rate of success and decrease in examination cheating among the students in schools.
Introduction The word personal responsibility is the self-awareness of a person towards success of one’s life. It is also being aware of the initial goal of one’s life hence doing everything towards one’s own progress, to attain ones initial plan. Different people can define personal responsibility differently but one of the major definitions is that it is an attempt to use your own effort to be successful in everything.
The responsible person is the one who can make decisions and face the consequences of those decisions without complaining. One is responsible in life if he or she can be able to progress in life by abstaining anything, which might not be useful. Making such decisions need a strong person whose focus is purely in God and his ability to work in life without affecting anyone around negatively (Reiss, 2010).
The main aim of personal responsibility is to be able to show forth and even express the inner most beauty in visible ways, by responding to the issues of life and express your genuine love towards yourself and other people. The main aim of one’s personal responsibility is to ensure that the environment can also benefit from the gift of your appearance in that particular place or the society.
Making ones personal responsibility relies mainly on the people who want to ensure total success in everything they are doing. It also takes one’s self to be able to motivate own self to pursue a goal that seems difficult for people or even which people might neglect due to the vices that they are doing.
Relationship between personal responsibility and college success There is correlation between personal responsibility of the student and their success in college. This relationship exists because personal responsibility directly affects issues that are pertinent to one’s life such as family, education, relationships as well as physical and spiritual well-being of an individual. Personal responsibility determines the success of the student in college for a number of reasons (Chester, 2008).
The first reason is self-discipline or self-control. Personal responsibility is the ability to be in control of one’s life in terms of emotions and actions. Students who do not have personal responsibility concerning their lives are prone to influences of doing what others are doing without proper reasons because they simply shift the blame on others when things do not go as they were expected. This lack of self-control comes about because any individual without a sense of personal responsibility will always be irresponsible.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A student without personal responsibility will blame the lecturer for failing in the exam. On the other hand, a student who has personal responsibility will not blame the lecture for the failure rather the student will critically analyze the reasons behind his failure and decide that they have a responsibility to pass. This explains why students who have a sense of personal responsibility have higher scores than those without personal responsibility (Bourbon, 1994).
Students who know that their actions affect others are also sensitive to the needs of others. They know when they have hurt someone and they are quick to apologize. If they wrong a teacher, they are likely to apologize. This endears them to both their fellow students and to their teachers.
This harmonious coexistence with others because of taking personal responsibility creates inner peace and concentration required by the mind for study purposes. Therefore, a student who has personal responsibility is likely to understand concepts better than a student who is at loggerheads with everyone (Chester, 2008).
Peer pressure as a factor that wields huge influence on the college students seems not to have a major effect on students who have a sense of responsibility. Personal responsibility dictates that one’s actions have consequences even when acted in a group setting.
Drug abuse, which often starts in a group setting, is not likely to affect a student who has a personal responsibility over his or her actions. This means that students who are personally responsible for their lives are unlikely to be involved in drug abuse, which negatively affects one academic performance (Chester, 2008).
The other factor that makes the student who takes personal responsibility to succeed in college more than those who do not take personal responsibility is that they do not allow circumstances to hinder their progress in life. They have a high sense of self-esteem or self worth, which makes them to confront issues critically rather than emotionally.
Students who feel that they are not in control pity themselves when they have issues to deal with in their lives thus affecting their physical health negatively. This may lead to absenteeism from classes and even suicidal cases (Chester, 2008).
We will write a custom Essay on Personal Responsibility specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Students who are aware of the word personal responsibility also manage to delay gratification. Delay of gratification is simply the ability to deny oneself pleasure in pursuit of a particular goal.
Personal responsibility enables the student to stick out or to persevere in pursuit of academic excellence thereby delaying the enjoyment of pleasures, which may affect the concentration, or peace of mind in pursuit of excellence.
They delay gratification of pleasures such as drug use, sexual relationships, and hooliganism known to affect student’s academic performance (Bourbon, 1994).
A plan to incorporate effective strategies for success as a student As a student, one should ensure that all the work given does not go to waste by ensuring that all people around do not copy the assignments but rather do their own work as commanded by the lecturers or professors. Copying of other student’s work robs the student competency and the necessary self-confidence required at work as well as circumstances outside college.
This will be a great stride in personal responsibility by personally handling one assignment, as it will give the student a chance to have mastery of the topic in an honest manner.
One should also ensure that the area surrounding the school is always clean and ready for use by anyone who wants to learn and all students can breathe the right air as required by the education policies. Commitment to the environment is imperative in promoting personal responsibility not only over oneself but also on the environment at large (Bourbon, 1994).
Personal timetable that will assist to manage time during study hours and to reduce time wastage during other activities is very important. One should also ensure timely completion of the school projects to avoid being at loggerheads with the lecturers.
This is because the recognition that time is a resource, it is precious, and it is out of order to waste it is the beginning of personal development (Bourbon, 1994).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Personal Responsibility by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There is a need to ensure that the people around are able to learn about self-responsibility and its advantages by setting a good example to them. This is because personal responsibility involves having responsibility on not only ones actions but also reviewing ones plans and goals all the time for better performance.
Goal setting enables one to review their personal progress. Goals also provide a sense of purpose to a student as they focus on ones actions and activities towards one major goal. One should break down those goals into daily goals, monthly goals and yearly goals.
Conclusion Personal responsibility is an important aspect of human life. It is even more important when the student learns personal responsibility early in life. The apathy, accidents, and laziness, which lead to lower standards of living, are preventable if the students learn early in life to exercise responsibility over their own lives.
The world would certainly be a better place if the blame games stopped and people took responsibility over their actions. This change can start from the school especially if teachers take as their responsibility to instill a culture of taking responsibility among students.
Performance of college students therefore directly relates to the student’s ability to take personal responsibility over their lives. Although there is no direct correlation between college grades and success in life, there is direct correlation between the ability to take responsibility in life and to succeed elsewhere.
One of the best environments to nurture personal responsibility in one’s life is in college and students in college should take it upon themselves to ensure that they not only score better grades in life but they have also mastered the art of self responsibility which will propel them to higher heights of life.
References Bourbon, T. (1994). Discipline at home and at school. New York: Brandt.
This book is about Perceptual control theory PCT on how perceptions determine actions. This theory looks into what happens in the classroom and how teachers try to bring in discipline to the students based on their perceptions.
The student on the other hand has his or her perceptions about what discipline is. This book looks into human behavioral system on how perceptions affect habit and performance of students in the classroom. Thomas Walter Bourbon is a retired professor of psychology who focused his study on physiology and human perceptions.
He has worked with medical research institutions to develop the perceptual control theory into an alternative science. He is now a consultant with various schools and colleges on how they may apply the perception control theory to deal with behavioral problems in school, homes, and in clinical settings.
Chester, C. (2008). Building classroom discipline. Boston: Pearson Education.
This book is indeed helpful to teachers who wish to understand how to model discipline in their classrooms. It looks into the various ways and models of doing this in a way that involves the student.
It shows the impact of discipline on students and how to motivate students in self-responsibility. It also delves into the new ways and trends in the application of classroom discipline. This book is helpful to beginner teachers and teachers in colleges in handling adult students.
Charles Chester the author of the book is a professor in San Diego University and he has many awards accorded to him due to his contribution in the field of classroom discipline. Due to his wealth of experience in classroom, teaching his work is worth of study.
Reiss, S. (2010). What happened to personal responsibility? Chicago, Journal of Psychology (8).
This journal article is a critique on the education system as well as the society as a whole for their failure to instill personal responsibility in the life of students.
Institutions are the ones blamed for individual failures. The author gives an example where if a student fails in the exam or caught cheating in national exams, it is not the student who is to blame but the education system. This kind of attitude irks the author as he questions the kind of society, which we are building without taking responsibility for the consequences of one’s actions.
Steven Reiss is a contributor and a commentator on social issues in the Journal of Psychology today. He teaches psychology in Ohio State University. His research on human motivation makes his work on issues of discipline and personal responsibility authentic.
Effective Teaching of Reading in Education Essay online essay help
Effective teaching of reading is an important aspect as reading does not come as naturally as speaking. Children do not learn how to read just by being exposed to reading materials, but rather, for them to learn this important skill, they ought to be taught explicitly and systematically.
To start with, it is important to establish the main aim of teaching reading as there are several reasons why a learner can read. For instance, one can read in order to develop his/her knowledge of the language of instruction or for fun. An individual may also read for the purpose of gathering information or for confirming the authenticity of the knowledge at hand or even to critically assess someone’s thoughts or style of writing.
Establishing the intention of reading affects the most effective method of comprehension reading. For instance, in case a person is reading a particular poem for the purpose of gratification, he/she is only required to make out the words used by the poet and the manner in which they are presented and has no need to classify the subject of the poem.
On the other hand, in case an individual uses a scientific article with the aim of supporting a certain outlook, one requires to have been exposed to the terminologies being used. He/she should also comprehend the specific information as well as the cause-effect cycle of the information presented. This encompasses the main objective of teaching reading to learners in our learning institutions.
In the past, my main failure in teaching reading was mainly attributed to my presumption of the aim of learning how to read in a language, which I viewed as merely to get the content written in a given lingo. During that time, I mainly restricted teaching reading to literary texts that indicated a deep affiliation to culture.
However, this approach was wrong because it presupposed that students learn to read in a particular language only through learning its terminologies, words and sentence structures, but not by actually reading it, which ignores the aspect of communicative competence.
However, as a result of learning the importance of communicative approach and applying it in the teaching of reading, I have had a better perception of the role of reading as well as the types of texts to be applied in teaching reading in any given language, as a result of which I have succeeded in this endeavor.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When a teacher’s main objective of teaching reading encompasses communicative competence, diverse reading materials such as newspapers, comprehension text books as well as internet should be used. This is because exposing the learners to diverse reading materials develops their communicative competence tremendously. For this reason, we cannot separate instruction in reading from reading practice at any one time.
As an instructor of reading skills, I plan to lay out some comprehension strategies that my learners will employ in order to reap maximum benefits from any given texts in future. This way, the learners will learn to become dynamic and focused readers who can manage reading comprehension on their own.
The strategies include instruction on comprehension monitoring where I will teach the learners on how to be aware of what they understand and make out whatever they do not comprehend as well as employ suitable means of solving comprehension problems. In addition,
I will expose the learners to metacognition skills which will require them to have control over their reading and establish the purpose of reading prior to the reading process, while establishing the hurdles they encounter in understanding a particular comprehension. Furthermore, I will teach the learners on how to make use of semantic as well as graphic organizers for effective understanding.
These include diagrams as well as subject words that are crucial in understanding any comprehension. Other important aspects that I plan to teach include formulating and answering comprehension questions, elaborating the structure of the story as well as summarizing the main components of a given comprehension.
In conclusion, even though a teacher is crucial in instructing effective comprehension skills, the benefits can only be achieved through cooperative learning. Learners should work hand in hand with each other in order to comprehend texts. Besides, they should also employ the given strategies of comprehension reading. We as the instructors should assist the learners to work in groups and model the reading strategies to them.
Effects of Globalization and Increased Modernity on Indigenous and Native Populations across the World Essay essay help online: essay help online
Introduction It is undoubtedly clear that globalization is one of the hotly debated topics over the past century. Many scholars, and researchers alike, equate this increased debate to the tremendous impacts that have resulted from globalization.
Various cultures and countries have been able to respond differently to globalization and the myriad of effects that come with it. In this paper, the major focus is going to be on assessing the impact of globalization and increased modernity throughout the world—with a special case study on Singapore.
However, in doing so, other related countries—especially those in Asia that have contributed to Singapore’s globalization in one way or another—will also be mentioned. But before we delve further into highlighting these issues, what do we really mean when we talk of globalization?
Preliminarily, Streeten (1998) asserts that “globalization is transforming trade, finance, employment, migration, technology, communications, the environment, social systems, ways of living, cultures, and patterns of governance.” In essence, his definition is hugely pegged on the concept of liberalization due to the tearing down of economic market barriers.
Moreover, Goyal (2006, p.1) says that “the term Globalization refers to the integration of economies of the world through uninhibited trade and financial flows, as also through mutual exchange of technology and knowledge.”
This definition is additionally supported by Britton (2010) who affirms that, in Globalization, barriers to trade are vehemently broken down so as to pave way for reduced capital controls and the cutting down of transportation costs. In turn, this promotes efficacy of economic markets and smooth running of trade.
It is inherent to note that increased modernity mostly comes as a result of endeavors such as globalization and industrialization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Essentially, globalization in Singapore did not just begin recently; its roots can be traced back to the early years of industrial revolution where social, political and economic changes were taking place across Asia, Europe and as well as other parts of the world (Koh, 2010, p.21-23).
From that time up to now, globalization in Singapore has witnessed immense revolution; taking a lot of economic twists and turns to make it the vital business force it is today (Amaldas, 2009, p.982-983). All these are embodied in the circumspect discussions done below.
Social, Political, and Cultural Impacts of Globalization and Increased Modernity on Populations across the World—Case Study on Singapore Causes of Globalization and Increased Modernity
Fundamentally, there are many factors that have catalyzed the evolution of globalization in Singapore. These can, however, be scholarly summarized under the umbrella of three factors namely: technological, economic and sociopolitical factors.
Starting with the technological factors, it is notable that there are innumerable technologies that have propelled Globalization. However, the inception of the internet is considered as the most important of them all based on the fact that many other technologies used today sprouted from it.
In relations to this, Britton (2010) asserts that since the creation of the Internet in 1973 by the United States defense advanced research projects agency (DARPA); there has been an escalated growth of globalization across the world—including countries in Asia like Singapore.
Regarding economic factors, Britton (2010) articulates that the formation of institutions like banks, diversification of products as well as services and financial market revolutions (among many other economic factors) have importantly provided a framework both national and international commerce.
In effect, this has facilitated the advancement of Globalization (Velayutham, 2007, p.20-25). More specifically, Amaldas (2009, p.985) states that the “synchronization of local financial regulations and policies with international standards” is a key reason for the increased modernity in Singapore.
We will write a custom Essay on Effects of Globalization and Increased Modernity on Indigenous and Native Populations across the World specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lastly, sociopolitical factors basically refer to both social and political contributors to globalization. According to Shuja (2001), the constant worldwide shifts in sociopolitical set-ups of countries, regions or even continents have enormously steered globalization to its current course. Amaldas (2009, p.984-985) explicates this by citing the good democracy in Singapore which has encouraged good sociopolitical relations within the country.
As a result of the peaceful coexistence of social and political facets in Singapore, the advancement of globalization has been hugely fuelled as opposed to countries such as Russia where the opposite scenario limits progress. So how have these factors impacted the populations in Singapore?
As partly aforementioned, globalization has impacted greatly on many economies—both for indigenous and native populations. These impacts shift from positive to negative depending on the development level of an economy (Ernst
Unemployment in UAE Problem Solution Essay essay help online
Introduction Before UAE attained its independence, its economy was characterized by basic economic activities such as agriculture and fishing. After the discovery of oil, the economy of the country grew significantly as the oil industry accounted for about 35 % of the GDP. By 2005, UAE had recorded significant growth in oil production.
The revenue earned from oil was spent on education, infrastructure and creation. Increase in the prices of oil in the 1970s earned the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries financial resources which led to the growth of many economic development programs that required acquisition of non-national labor. However, oil prices dropped in the mid 1980s causing massive unemployment in UAE (emiritization now, 2011). This paper will examine unemployment in UAE.
Unemployment Overview in UAE The increase in oil prices in the 1970s led to a surge in economic development programs in UAE and national labor shortage which was derived from the public sector. This implied that the country had to rely on foreign labor.
In the 1980s, more than 80 percent of the labor force was comprised of non-nationals. The oil prices fell in 1986 causing a decline in the share of non-national labor. This increased the number of nationals who were looking for jobs. The trend continued from 1990s onwards due to demographic pressures (Albuainain, n.d).
Unemployment in UAE is high since it is comprised of nationals and expatriates who enter the country constantly. In recent years, unemployment has turned into an acute problem due to increase in population and expansion in the number of graduates leaving high schools and universities.
The increased unemployment has affected both the economy and the society negatively. This situation has forced the government to deal with political pressure and spent huge amounts of money on social benefits. As a result, the stability of the economy has been affected and misallocation of resources has set in.
Causes of Unemployment in UAE The increase in unemployment rates in UAE has been associated with various causes. Some of the causes have been addressed by the government while others have not been unaddressed. This implies that there is still the need to address the problem of unemployment in UAE in order to ensure stability of the country. Increase in unemployment rates causes instability and unrest in countries (Azri, 2010).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Unwillingness of Men and Women to Work in Certain Occupations
One of the factors that have been cited as a cause of unemployment in UAE is that both men women have not been prepared to work in certain occupations. This basically has implied that there are certain jobs that have been considered to belong to men while others have been considered to be women jobs. This has been a chronic problem in UAE that has contributed towards increase in unemployment.
For instance, women in UAE have been bound by cultural beliefs that have prevented them from working in non-segregated offices. Instead of fighting for positions in such offices with men, they have believed that they are not supposed to work in such places hence they have been shying away from job opportunities they could occupy.
For instance, women in UAE have believed that professions like engineering should only be reserved for men (Emirates economist, 2007). Consequently, they have contributed towards unemployment by choosing to be discriminatory with regard to the jobs they do.
This problem can be solved by providing women in UAE with the right knowledge about working in non-segregated offices. What they should understand is that the world has changed and there is nothing wrong with women working in such offices. In addition, women who have already joined the non segregated sectors should play an important role in educating the rest of the women who believe that they should not join such sectors.
By doing this, women will be prepared to take up jobs in the non-segregated industry and discard cultural beliefs that prevent them from taking up the positions. The eventual outcome will be a reduction in unemployment rates (Shaffer, 2012).
Men on the other hand have not been willing to work in jobs that have been considered low ranking. After they graduate from colleges, most men have been focusing on looking for jobs that have been considered prestigious and of a higher class. However, this is not what has always been happening due to limited job opportunities.
Since they have been considering themselves educated, they have not been taking up certain jobs even when they get the chances because they have been considering the jobs of lower ranks and jobs that would demean their social classes. This problem can be solved by educating men on the importance of taking up jobs that they get first as they look for the high-ranking jobs they wish to get.
We will write a custom Essay on Unemployment in UAE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The second reason why men in UAE do not take up certain jobs is because they lack the required education to fit in the jobs. There are certain jobs that require individuals who possess a certain level of education and unless they have the qualifications, this prevents them from accessing the jobs. As a result, unemployment rates among men in UAE continue to increase.
The problem of lack of education can be solved by encouraging men to go to school and receive education. They can be motivated by showing them the problems that accompany individuals who lack sound education since it becomes difficult for them to get good jobs.
Heavy Dependence on Foreign Labor
The second major cause of unemployment in UAE is the country’s heavy dependence on foreign labor. The first reason why the country relies on foreign labor is lack of individuals of Emirati nationality who have specialized skills.
There are certain fields that require specialized individuals with high knowledge and in the event that the country fails to get the personnel among the UAE nationals, reliance on foreign labor becomes an option.
As a result, this increases unemployment rates among UAE citizens. In order to solve this problem, the government should sponsor UAE nationals by giving scholarships for them to study and acquire the specialized skills required.
The second reason why UAE relies on foreign labor is that some organizations simply prefer employees from the west as opposed to employing Emiratis. They usually believe that the westerners have the capacity to provide quality services that improve their organizations.
On the contrary, the organizations do not believe that Emiratis have enough knowledge and expertise to provide quality services. This in turn leads to unemployment among UAE nationals. The government can address this problem by enforcing Emiritization laws and raising the number of UAE nationals that should be employed in the country’s organizations and corporations.
Conclusion Unemployment is a serious problem that has been witnessed in UAE in the recent past. Both men and women have been suffering from unemployment since they have not been able to meet their needs. Different factors have been cited as the possible causes of unemployment in UAE. There are various solutions to the problems that should be initiated by the government but the society should be supportive of government efforts.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Unemployment in UAE by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Albuainain, R. (n.d). Unemployment Rate in the United Arab. Web.
Azri, s. (2010). Unemployed Youth in the UAE: Personal Perceptions. New York: Diane Publishing.
Unemployment in the UAE. (2007). Web.
Unemployment among Emirati youth – findings of Emirates Foundation sponsored research. (2011). Web.
Shaffer, B. (2012). Beyond the Resource Curse. New York: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Obesity: Psychological/ Sociological Expository Essay college application essay help
Obesity is a psychological issue as well as a social one. Both “psychological and behavioral issues play significant roles in both the development and consequences of obesity” (Collins and Bentz 126).
Obesity is caused by eating disorders triggered by psychosocial, genetically and environmental parameters. Obesity is mainly associated with those people who suffer from psychological conditions, such as anxiety, depression as well as eating disorders.
This is because such people have a problem of regulating the amount of food taken as well as maintaining a healthy weight. It has been noted that food is taken as a coping strategy for those who suffer from obesity. The sociological factors associated with obesity make obese individuals have perpetual cycle of mood distress, overeating as well as weight gain.
This makes those people get distressed and depressed. Obese people get their comforts from food that make them feel better as a result of the reduced stress of their mood and an obese condition that may trigger a dysphonic mood because of their inability to control their stress.
This pattern is mainly applicable to the individuals who are genetically predisposed to obesity or live in environments where calorically rich foods are easily available while physical activities of the people living there are very minimal (Collins and Bentz 124). Sociological as well as psychological factors have great influence on the development as well as management of obesity.
Apart from social, psychological and environmental factors, other causes of obesity include frequent snacking on high calories foods, overeating, etc. Moreover, obesity can result from an unusual characteristic of eating behavior that entails episodes of eating during discrete periods, as well as eating large quantities of food that are not in accordance to the amount many people would consume at the same given time in stances.
This is a factor that indicates a tendency of lack of eating control as well as failure to control the distress that follows such periods. Almost 2% of the general population and around 10-25% of the bariatric population are said to suffer from this condition (Collins and Bentz 34).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Night eating is a condition that is known to greatly result in a significant weight gain. This issue is characterized with excessive night eating behavior that entails consumption of approximately over 35% of our daily calories after the evening meal. This condition has recently been linked with the lack of appetite during the day and an increase in the appetite and overeating during the night (Stunkard, Grace, and H.G. Wolff 6).
Social issues are also key attributes of obesity incidents. Many researches on obesity give positive correlations between obesity versus social and economical conditions.
They show that most people, who are obese, mainly live in poverty, and are less educated, less likely to marry or date as well as less likely to earn as much salary as those people who are not obese. A recent study on obesity indicated obesity as an antecedent to adverse economical as well as social outcomes.
The effects of obesity are social as well as psychological. Overweight people are concerned with their weight and become self-conscious of their weight and think that people may make fun of them.
The western culture mainly associates thinness with beauty. Because of this perception, many women as well as girls in Europe and the U.S.A. try to have slim bodies. The perception that associates thinness with beauty as well as the tendency of most celebs in these regions to be thin influences women in these countries and other areas to follow this way of thinking.
This paradigm makes many women do their best to stay slim. Thus, those women who are overweight suffer from the idea that they are less beautiful, and this greatly affects their social interactions. Some of social problems they exhibit include low self-esteem, discrimination as well as avoiding social gatherings.
The reasons why obese people suffer from low self-esteem is because some individuals may make fun of their obese conditions; such jokes may injure their feelings and psychological health which can result in a negative impact on their self-esteem.
We will write a custom Essay on Obesity: Psychological/ Sociological specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There are many people who associate obesity with laziness and gluttonous. This attitude makes some obese people suffer from low self-esteem as well and avoid publicity as a result. Many obese people are known to do their best to manage their conditions. Most of them try to manage their obesity by controlling their dieting behavior as well as by exercising a lot.
Therefore, the wrong perception that obese people are lazy and gluttonous can make these people withdraw and shun social gatherings and assume solitary lifestyles that are detrimental to their social life.
Moreover, such negative attitudes towards obese humans may force them to engage in unhealthy habits, such as anorexia or bulimia, which include avoiding eating or vomiting the food in order to loose weight.
This can result in detrimental health issues which will in turn worsen their social lives. Those girls who suffer from obesity are often characterized with low performances in schools because of the social stigma that is associated with the obese condition.
These girls tend to have a problem in establishing healthy relationships with their learning peers, and because of being discriminated by their learning mates, they are isolated from society which makes them suffer from low self-esteem which affects their school performance negatively (Obesity Working Group).
People who suffer from obesity experience psychological problems. For instance, the children with such condition can be mean and bully. It is also observed that those kids who are teased about their overweight status tend to have low self-esteem, poor body image and symptoms of depression.
It is universally accepted that all people aspire to have friends, Unfortunately, most of the obese children often find themselves lonely as well as isolated. This makes these children suffer from depressions and use food as their means of comfort.
In addition, the isolation they encounter in their day-to-day-activities make such children less active because they do not have friends to play with. This is the notion that makes obese kids be regarded as lazy. Moreover, teenagers who suffer from obesity are highly affected by their obese status.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Obesity: Psychological/ Sociological by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These teens experience psychological disturbances that affect their health conditions and lead to serious medical issues. The teen’s period is mainly a growing stage, which is described by the urge to be more independent as well as experience an increased need in socializing.
At this juncture, teenagers are more concerned about their physical appearances and appeal to other people. Thus, when they are teased because of their obese conditions, they show a psychological devastation (Wadden, Sarwer, Fabricatore, Jones, Stack, and Williams 65).
Obesity can be treated socially or psychologically. Obese people are encouraged to exercise more as well as reduce taking foods that are highly rich in calories. This is a type of a behavioral or cognitive therapy that entails modification of one’s lifestyle as well as dietary habits.
This approach is effective in managing the obese condition in many people. Nevertheless, the psychological treatment of obesity is the best strategy of managing this condition as it helps in addressing its fundamental causes.
In classical conditioning, eating disorders are linked with other actions. These behaviors are meant to happen simultaneously. For instance, a person may be used to eat nachos as he/she watches the news. When these conditions are done repeatedly, a person may have a craving for nachos every time she/he watches news.
Behavioral intervention involves establishing and extinguishing those factors that facilitate obesity. Conversely, operant conditioning uses strengthening and consequences. It happens when people employ a reward to momentarily to reduce pressure associated foods with a more congenial state, this increases its possibility to turn into a recurring behavior.
It is said that behavior therapy is connected with the lifestyles changes as well as weight loss in short-time, but does not indicate any substantial proof of its long-term effectiveness. Nowadays, cognitive behavior therapies have become more common approaches for the treatment of obesity.
Cognitive therapies are known to influence both the feelings and behaviors. They are used to treat overweight by helping the obese to change their eating disorders and embrace healthy eating lifestyles. They entail strategies such as social support, stress management, cognitive restructuring as well as stimulus control (Cooper and Fairburn 54).
It is very important to note that both social and psychological issues are very essential in the development and examining the effects of obesity. Therefore, the treatment of obesity should be a multidisciplinary approach. Thus, the treatment of this condition should be biological, social, psychological as well as environmental in order to guarantee an inclusive care, the best practices and effective results.
Works Cited Collins, Jennifer C., and Jon E. Bentz. ” Behavioral and Psychological Factors in Obesity.” The Journal of Lancaster General Hospital, 4.4(2009): 124-127. jlgh.org. Web.
Cooper, Z. and C.G. Fairburn. “A new cognitive behavioral approach to the treatment of obesity.” Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39.5(2001):499-511. Print.
Obesity Working Group. Technical Report No 1: Obesity in Australia: A need for urgent action. P3-451. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2008. Print.
Stunkard, A.J., Grace, W.J., and H.G. Wolff. “The night-eating syndrome: A pattern of food intake among certain obese patients.” American Journal of Medicine, 19.1(1955): 78-86. Print.
Wadden, T.A., Sarwer, D.B., Fabricatore, A.N., Jones, L., Stack, R., and N.S. Williams. “Psychosocial and behavioral status of patients undergoing bariatric surgery: what to expect before and after surgery.” The Medical Clinic of North America, 91.3(2007): 451-469. Print.
Euthanasia: Moral Issues and Clinical Challenges Essay essay help: essay help
Introduction Cases of euthanasia have persisted in the American judicial system, and this is a major challenge the states are facing. Though, those who believe in the patients’ autonomy and sympathize with them actually find it hard to accept the reality that legalizing euthanasia poses a lot of danger to many people’s rights and welfare.
It is a controversial debate to argue that there are certain rights linked to euthanasia whose denial can lead to application of liberty-limiting principles. Therefore, sound judicial policies are necessary in tackling this issue. Instead of leaving patients under the agony of extreme pain and suffering, positive clinical reforms as well as social reforms are necessary.
Terminal sedation is morally right since the patient consents to it before its execution, and it is a method of letting the terminally ill patients die rather than killing them directly. This same argument can as well be supported by the fact that physicians have the moral duty to let their patients die peacefully and to relive them from pain and suffering. Besides, in most cases where duties conflict, it is the patients’ desires which are left as the deciding factors (Quill 474).
Terminal sedation involves administering high sedative doses so as to relieve the patient from severe physical distress and it makes him/her unconscious till death (Quill 475). In fact, termination sedation is allowed in cases whereby it is the only means to relieve the patient’s suffering.
Under such circumstances, it is neither immoral nor unethical and the doctor is at liberty to administer high doses of sedatives to the terminally ill patient. Contrary to euthanasia, terminal sedation can be regarded as a way of letting terminally ill patients die. However, euthanasia can be regarded as direct killing because the doctors administer lethal injections and drugs to the patients.
Holding to the view that terminal sedation is morally permissible should not stop someone from debating the permissibility of euthanasia since the intention of carrying out “mercy killing” is based on the patient’s consent with an aim to relieve him/her from incurable suffering (Rietjens 6).
In order to understand moral and ethical controversies surrounding terminal sedation, it is necessary to agree to the fact that a person can engage in an action that is morally permissible, but he/she is still morally blamed for it. For example, a physician who carries out terminal sedation, an act that is morally permissible, is still morally blamed.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is rather awkward since physicians have good intentions towards patients, and that is why at times they engage in activities which relieve the patients’ suffering. For instance, a terminal cancer patient whose lung is failing has been on the respirator for a long time, undergoing extreme pain and suffering might request the physician in charge to remove him from the discomfort of respirator.
In this case it would be morally permissible for the doctor to respect the patient’s decision not to be put back under the discomfort of the respirator. The doctor might as well get tired with the patient’s persistence to be removed from the respirator, and decides to respect his/her wishes.
In this case, the physician’s actions are still morally right, not because he/she was tired of dealing with the patient, but it is morally permissible to remove life support from a terminally ill patient who wants to die. Indeed, it is unethical and morally wrong to prolong life of those terminally ill patients who want to die (Rietjens 2).
The McAfee case
Focusing on this case, it is not always important to exercise the right to end life since there can be other ways to make life more comfortable and worth living. McAfee depended on ventilator for quite long after the motorcycle accident, a situation that made him seek an appeal from the law court to be allowed to exercise the right to stop treatment. His case gained a lot of publicity and many people came to offer him support services that improved his life and encouraged him to continue living (PBS Local Station 1).
In fact, McAfee did not exercise his right to stop treatment. Therefore, it is important at times to let people die naturally. Though, it is important to tackle issues of patients assisted suicide and euthanasia from the clinical perspective, it is also important to analyze the social aspects (PBS Local Station 1).
DWDA and the Ashcroft to it (rejected by the Supreme Court)
The Supreme Court made a ruling that rejected the constitutional right of a patient engaging in euthanasia or patient assisted suicide (PAS). This would indeed intensify the debate on euthanasia and patient assisted suicide owing to the fact that the patients themselves strongly believe that they have liberty to terminate their life when undergoing extreme pain and suffering (Rietjens 4).
In Oregon’s case, it was argued whether Oregon had some rights towards allowing doctors to carry out patient assisted suicide (PAS) to those patients who were terminally ill (Oregon Public Health 1).
We will write a custom Essay on Euthanasia: Moral Issues and Clinical Challenges specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Ashcroft, it was illegitimate for Oregon doctors to administer drugs that help the terminally ill patients die (Oregon Public Health 1). However, terminally ill patients strongly believed that it was morally right for them to die peacefully, than undergoing through the most terrible pain and suffering during their last days.
Therefore, revoking Oregon doctors’ licenses for having prescribed drugs for euthanasia was a form of infringement to the patients’ right and liberty to die peacefully. This action taken by the Attorney General to revoke the doctors’ licenses, made Oregon to sue the administration for having overstepped its powers since it was not the right body to regulate the US medical practice (Rietjens 3).
Oregon doctors found it inappropriate to be stopped from carrying out patient assisted suicide, arguing that it was neither unethical nor immoral act since it was the patients’ morality. The doctors also argued that killing patients is unethical, morally wrong and is not one of the medical purposes. The supporters of Ashcroft dismissed Oregon’s practice as bad medicine since it interferes with the human dignity.
Though, on the patients’ side, it is not a question of ethics and morality since they strongly believe that they have the right to die peacefully, and not necessarily going through excruciating pain and suffering. On the other hand, the doctors believe in good medical practice, and making the terminally ill patients die peacefully is not a bad medicine. Therefore, any law that rejects euthanasia is a bad one because it denies the patients the right and the liberty to die peacefully (PBS Local Station 1).
In sum, it is both morally and ethically permissible to carry out euthanasia and patient assisted suicide (PAS). However, we should not always grant people the right and liberty to end life, as witnessed in the McAfee case. In addition, it has been witnessed that legal challenges are some of the liberty-limiting principles used when the rights to end life are denied. These two areas try to overlap since the right to life is legally enshrined in the constitution.
However, moral issues and clinical challenges play some crucial roles in analyzing euthanasia, patient assisted suicide (PAS) and sedative termination. Therefore, in most cases a patient who refuses medicine and wants to die should have his/her will respected, especially those suffering from terminal illnesses.
Works Cited Oregon Public Health. Death with Dignity Act. Public Health, n.d. Web.
PBS Local Station. Oregon’s Assisted Suicide Case. Pbs News Hour, 05 Oct. 2005. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Euthanasia: Moral Issues and Clinical Challenges by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Quill, Timothy. “Death and Dignity: A case of Individualized Decision Making”. New England Journal of Medicine 324.10 (1991):473-483. Print.
Rietjens, Judith. Terminal Sedation and Euthanasia. Archinte, n.d. Web.
Southern Campaign Up Research Paper college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Southern Campaigns before the Kings Mountain
The Kings Mountain Encounter
Consequences of the Battle at the Kings Mountain
Introduction The American Revolutionary War was greatly shaped by the Battle of the Kings Mountain, which was a critical war that took place between the patriot and loyalist mercenaries in the southern campaign. In 7 October 1780, the Patriot mercenaries overpowered the loyalists by capturing and murdering their leader by the name Patrick Ferguson.
Ferguson was a leader that was trusted by the British and had been given a responsibility to eliminate the opponents of British in the southern states. He had earlier warned the patriots against participating in war with the British since they could face severe consequences. The patriots did not heed to his calls but instead they decided to fight back by attacking the forces of Ferguson.
On his part, Ferguson received reports that the patriots were preparing to fight back. He retreated to safety but he was unlucky since the patriots were swift in their actions. Ferguson and his team were caught up at the Kings Mountain near South Carolina and were brutally slaughtered (Ward, 1952).
Through analysis, it is established that the victory gave the patriots moral support to continue with their campaign against racial discrimination and political oppression. The Britons treated other races unfairly. This victory was therefore needed in case the patriots were to continue fighting. The loyalists had to come up with other strategies that would guarantee their survival.
For instance, Lord Cornwallis was forced to readjust his schedule by abandoning the plans to attack North Carolina and focus on the South Carolina issue. This paper will therefore analyze the activities of the patriots before the major achievement at the Kings Mountain. The paper also discusses some of the consequences of the battle at the Kings Mountain.
Southern Campaigns before the Kings Mountain Before the battle at the Kings Mountain, major changes had taken place within the patriot and loyalist circles. Each group was preparing to defend its interests. In the loyalist militia, Ferguson was nominated as the inspector of the militia group on 22 may 1980. Ferguson was charged with the responsibility of protecting Lord Cornwall in the state of Carolina. The leader marshaled his troops to attack the enemy at the North of Carolina.
Before he could attack, Ferguson urged the patriots to surrender in order to avoid serious casualties. However, Ferguson was unaware that the patriots had prepared for the war amicably. On their side, the patriot mercenaries led by prominent leaders such as John Sevier and Shelby Isaac convened a meeting upon realization that Ferguson was preparing to invade their territory. The patriot leaders urged other leaders with the same ambitions as theirs to join them in suppressing the enemy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For that case, William Campbell was brought on board since his mission was to achieve the rights of the Americans. Apart from Campbell, other leaders were also requested to join the patriot militia in defending the patriot’s land. Such leaders included Benjamin Cleveland, Charles McDowell and Arthur. The five commanders led the patriot militia to demand for their rights (Dameron, 2003).
Some traitors chose to inform Ferguson about the planned battle, who chose to retreat to Lord Cornwallis backyard. Even though Ferguson requested for reinforcement from Cornwallis forces, it was too late since the patriots were swift enough to catch up with him before the letter could reach its destination. Ferguson demanded that the local militias had to join him or face the sword.
However, the local militias could not join him instead opted to be non-partisan. When the Patriot militia reached the former Ferguson’s camp at Georgia, the Georgian partisan fighters, who demanded for quick action to end Ferguson’s ambitions, joined it. On 6 October, the patriot militia managed to reach the Cowpens. As it could be observed, the place was an important historical site since a major battle took place there (Babits, 2011).
The locals detested Ferguson’s activities since they volunteered information to the patriots that was Ferguson was heading towards Lord Cornwallis palace. Patriot militias also received important information that Ferguson was with 1500 soldiers camping at the Kings Mountain.
The Kings Mountain Encounter At the Kings Mountain, the patriots engaged in a battle with the loyalists, which only lasted for short time. The patriots had an advantage since the terrain favored them. The place was rocky and mountainous, which made it hard for the loyalists to fight effectively.
The real battle took place on 7 October 1780 just after noon. To fight effectively, each group of the patriot militia decided to attack the loyalist army separately. From what took place at the Kings Mountain, the loyalists were surprised by the attack. They had not prepared for it hence suffering heavy casualties.
Ferguson had a good-trained army that could launch a bayonet against the enemy. This is proved by the death of one of the patriot’s commander that is, Colonel Williams and the wounding of another commander by the name McDowell. The patriots employed a cover and camouflage tactic that saw them bring down the strong force of the loyalists.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Southern Campaign Up specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After the killing of Ferguson, the patriots refused to accept the surrender of the loyalist army since they were not willing to take up prisoners. In fact, they wanted to avenge for the Waxhaw massacre where the loyalist militia had killed the patriots even after conceding defeat. After sometime, the patriots accepted the pleas from the loyalist commanders. The war ended abruptly but Ferguson suffered a huge defeat, which cost his life (Wallace, 1964).
Consequences of the Battle at the Kings Mountain The war at the Kings Mountain changed the politics of the US at the time. In other words, it was an important event as far as American Independent and freedoms are concerned.
The victory boosted the confidence of the freedom fighters since they had earlier been humiliated by disastrous events such as the fall of Charleston, battle of Camden and the Waxhaw annihilation. Various leaders, including President Theodore Roosevelt, commented variously on the events at the Kings Mountain.
According to Roosevelt, the battle at the Kings Mountain shaped the American Revolution. Another President, Thomas Jefferson, observed that the victory at the Kings Mountain proved that Americans could succeed in what they pursue. The leaders hailed the activities of the patriots since they conquered the army that was more sophisticated (Allen, 2010).
It can therefore be concluded that the victory at the Kings Mountain has always inspired Americans to pursue what they perceive as theirs. Many revolutions have been guided by the events of the Kings Mountain. The American congress appreciated the patriot fighters at the Kings Mountain in 1931 by constructing a museum referred to as the Kings Mountain National Military Park.
References Allen, B. (2010). Tories: Fighting for the King in America’s First Civil War. New York: Harper Collins.
Babits, L. (2011). A devil of a whipping, the battle of the Cowpens. Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press.
Dameron, J. (2003). Kings Mountain: The Defeat of the Loyalists, October 7, 1780. Massachusetts: Da Capo Press.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Southern Campaign Up by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Wallace, W. (1964). Appeal to Arms: A Military History of the American Revolution. Chicago: Quadrangle.
Ward, C. (1952). War of the Revolution. New York: MacMillan.
The Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Communities Essay essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
The indigenous people of Mexico
Negative impacts of globalization
What impact has globalization and increased modernity had on indigenous and native populations throughout the world? Can these impacts be argued as positive ones for these societies?
Introduction Globalization is the process of integrating different countries to form one big society, called the global village. The integration process includes signing of trade agreements, making use of information technology, allowing multinational companies to do business across borders.
This process also includes free movement of people across countries and continents; enabling trade, exchange of cultural, economic, political and social ideas. Globalization has been advocated by counties of the west that are already developed and are seeking to tap into the developing nations’ resources (Rodrik, 2011).
This topic has been a subject in many debates all over the world. Different people have different views on the matter; while others take the stand that globalization is an exploitative mechanism crafted by the west to take advantage of the third world. Others consider it to be an opportunity to even out the playing field for all the nations to enjoy equal access and distribution of wealth, knowledge, and human resource.
Modernity, on the other hand, is embracing change from the agrarian system, to newer practices of industrialization and the popular capitalistic culture. Most western countries have successfully adapted these practices and are, thus, more developed than the third world countries of Africa, Asia and South America (Stieglitz, 2007, p.12).
Modernity is the change of the way of life, the way we do things, but who sets the standards for modernity? It is the developed world. People in the third world see modernity as an imposition. It takes time for cultures to accept modernity.
Some aggressively resist it as witnessed in some counties of the middle east, while other countries are quick to adapt it. The rate at which a society embraces modernity will determine how fast it develops. Resisting modernity spells peril for societies that are backward.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is important, however, to note that modernity can be devastating to societies that do not know how to transit from their current situation and it is ,therefore, up to the rest of the global society to jump in and direct the young nations. Modernity, does not necessarily mean complete change of lifestyle; some attributes can be maintained as useful to the indigenous society.
The indigenous people of Mexico Mexico has an indigenous population takes up about 15% of the entire population. There are over 250 ethnic groups in Mexico, each with a unique language and social structure, taking part in different economic activities. This can be attributed to the dynamism of their ecosystems (Pieterse, 2009). Even with their uniqueness, these indigenous people experience similar challenges and experiences. To examine how globalization has affected the people of Mexico, we have to look at both the successes and failures of globalization.
Economically, globalization opens up worldwide markets to increased trade, direct and indirect foreign investment and sharing of knowledge. However, indigenous people are always at a disadvantage, as they never fully enjoy these benefits. Since governments cannot fully satisfy the wants of the people, they rely on foreign help to meet these demands.
Projects undertaken by the Mexican government in conjunction with multinational corporations have transformed some of the areas inhabited by the indigenous people. In 2009, wind-power projects were started in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. These projects not only provided power to the local people, but also provided employment (Giddens, 1991).
Other economic activities come as a result of outside influence on the local economy. Tourism, for instance, stems out of foreigners coming into Mexico. The locals can benefit from selling their indigenous wares and arts. Tourism is one way of promoting globalization, as there is increase contact among different cultures, there is exchange of ideologies, knowledge and resources.
The local people enjoy increased income and their lifestyles are changed significantly. As a way to attract more tourists, the Mexican government seeks to develop facilities in the indigenous areas to the appeal of the visitors. The transportation, communication and accommodation facilities are improved.
These benefits trickle down to the locals. On the other hand, as tourism promotes globalization, there are concerns as to what extent these changes affect the local people. Increasing a population of a particular region has its negative effects ranging from pollution of the environment, unfair labour practices and promotion of destructive social lifestyles like prostitution (Featherstone, 1990).
We will write a custom Essay on The Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Communities specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Information technology systems have also contributed greatly to globalization. Internet is the best example in this case. It has opened up doors to the outside world not only for social reasons but also for commercial reasons. E-commerce reduces the stressful situation of having to look for markets for products. Most indigenous societies can now sell their products on line. It is, therefore, important for the local people to use this platform as it brings the global market place to one’s door step.
Modernism means change; this change can be both beneficial and counter-productive if not carefully transitioned. Using modern methods for farming has proved a success among the Chiapas people of Mexico, who are mainly coffee producers. They have embraced organic farming. The Zapatistas group which is an indigenous resistance movement has also managed to provide conducive economic programs that ensure free and fair trade as well as e-commerce (Bhagwati, 2007, p.17).
Negative impacts of globalization The promise of fair and free trade that comes with the signing of trade agreements has sometimes caused negative repercussions for the local people. Some trade agreements involve inviting Multinational Corporation to go to Mexico. The signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) by the United States, Canada and Mexico, has resulted in economic growth in Mexico.
However, the consequences of the agreement have impacted the indigenous people negatively. Some of the peasant farmers lost their lands to the big corporations even though the constitution recognized their right to own land (Berman, 1988).
People, who had been farming their whole lives, were forced to look for alternative work. Others were completely displaced to create room form factories. The compensation offered was not even enough to procure new lands. This left a large population with a crisis of food insecurity. Even though NAFTA created jobs initially, most of those jobs have been outsourced to countries like China and India (Kahn, 2009, p.23).
Increased commercial farming by the big corporations has also changed the social dynamism of the local people. Most of the southern Mexico indigenous people are subsistence farmers. When they lost their lands, their lives had to change too. They had to change profession.
The indigenous people have had to suffer from harmful effects of degraded environment, as the drilling companies have left oil spills all over the native lands; resulting in unproductive land.
Privatization of some corporations and resources is a good way of increasing efficiency, productivity and accountability. This policy has seen people end up working for undesirable wages, amounting to unfair labour trends.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Communities by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Multilateral organizations like the IMF and the World Bank have always found a loop hole to exploit the poor countries; this is achieved by attaching conditions to their loans and dictating what the funds are supposed to be used for. Some of the projects end up being useless to the native population (Bailey
Poetry Assignment Explicatory Essay essay help: essay help
The following essay will analyze five poems: two from Emily Dickinson, one from Dylan Thomas, one from Langston Hughes and one from Gwendolyn Brooks. These five poems run the gamut of style, theme and imagery.
Each poem has been chosen because it is indicative of a certain aspect of the poet’s work, and will be analyzed from the perspective of imagery, followed by a discussion of each individual poem’s theme. The poets themselves differ greatly in life experience and subject matter, all of which the reader sees reflected in this sampling of poetic works.
The poets have been chosen because they all created work that came from their personal experience and crafted it into poems that have stood the test of time and continue to be studied and interpreted years after their initial publication. The poems under discussion include Because I Could Not Stop for Death and Wild Nights_Wild Nights! by Emily Dickinson, Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night by Dylan Thomas, Harlem by Langston Hughes and We Real Cool by Gwendolyn Brooks.
Because I Could not Stop for Death by Emily Dickinson was chosen for this paper because it is the most famous and most successful example of her proleptic poems, wherein the narrator addresses the reader from beyond the curtain of death. Critics and biographers have attributed the impetus for the poem Because I Could not Stop for Death to the death of one of Emily Dickinson’s friends, Olivia Coleman, who succumbed to a tuberculosis attack while riding in a carriage in 1846 (Joyner 1).
After this event Emily Dickinson wrote to a friend named Abiah Root and remarked in that correspondence that she “almost wish[ed] there was no Eternity. To think that we must live forever and never cease to be” (Joyner 1). As many poets do, Emily Dickinson drew from her life experience to develop her work and the deaths of her family members and friends factor greatly in many of her poems as a result (Joyner 1)
The most arresting image in Because I Could not Stop for Death occurs in the stanza “Since then—’tis Centuries—and yet, Feels shorter than the Day, I first surmised the Horse’s Heads, Were toward Eternity” (Dickinson 2).
According to critic Nancy Joyner this stanza “might imply that the speaker is remembering the day of her death from beyond the grave, or that her escort has betrayed her by keeping her riding in limbo, or that she is expressing a death wish, or that she merely distinguishes between finitude…and timelessness, or that she finds the human’s lot of the realization of death to be so overwhelming that it makes time stand still” (Joyner 1). The multiple interpretations that this image supports speaks to the brilliance of Emily Dickinson as a poet.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The image itself is simultaneously chilling and compelling, largely because the narrator addresses the reader using the pronoun “I” (Dickinson 2). The narrator’s realization is made that much more personal and arresting using first person and the imagery “’tis Centuries—and yet, Feels shorter than the Day” places the poem in a state which accurately describes the experience of being beyond time (Dickinson 2).
The theme of Because I Could not Stop for Death speaks to the human propensity to avoid the subject of death. The narrator “could not stop for Death” (Dickinson 2). Given the reality of human life – that we are mortal – the irony of this line implies that the narrator has entered a state of denial toward death which makes her believe that she might actually escape it if she continues to deny its existence.
Wild Nights_Wild Nights! was chosen because it represents a pure expression of the dizzying emotional heights attained by those in love. Love poems in the work of Emily Dickinson are rare; her work was largely intellectual in nature. Yet Emily Dickinson’s poetic gift was perfectly able to communicate love’s passion, and her expression is full of abandon. According to Emily Dickinson’s niece Madame Martha Bianchi, who was the poet’s first biographer, love poems such as Wild Nights_Wild Nights! were created from the poet’s love affair with a married man that the poet met while away on a trip (Powell 1).
The affair was “solved in the ideal Victorian manner. The lovers made the great renunciation. The man took his family and went west, [and] Emily returned to Amherst to…live that life of seclusion which is always associated with her name (Powell 1). Nonetheless, Wild Nights_Wild Nights! remains a passionate declaration of love.
The most arresting image in Wild Nights_Wild Nights! occurs in the stanzas “Futile—the Winds—To a Heart in port—Done with the Compass—Done with the Chart! Rowing in Eden—Ah, the Sea! Might I but moor—Tonight—In Thee!” (Dickinson 3). The poet compares her heart to a ship that has returned home after long voyage and has no intention of returning to the ocean, having found an idyllic harbor.
The theme of the poem is love, and the use of punctuation, particularly the exclamation points, suggests to the reader that these feelings of love are new, given their intensity. As Powell explains, much of Emily Dickinson’s works “makes little sensuous appeal at all, using images which are purely intellectual,” yet Wild Nights_Wild Nights! stands apart as a testament to the passion that lived in the poet’s heart. (Powell 1)
The poem Do Not Go Gently into that Good Night was chosen for this paper because of its vibrant use of imagery. The poet wrote this poem for his dying father, and according to Hochman, “entreats his father not to accept death quietly, but instead, to fight it” (Hochman 1). Dylan Thomas never sent the poem while the old man was alive, yet it has become one of his most famous works.
We will write a custom Essay on Poetry Assignment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One particularly arresting image found in the poem occurs in the stanza “Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright, Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight, And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way, Do not go gentle into that good night” (Thomas 1). Dylan Thomas’s imagery here suggests an epic wrestling with the cosmic forces of mortality by enlisting the ocean and sun. These stanza also create tremendous movement within the poem.
Death is the theme of Do Not Go Gently into that Good Night, and the poem offers Dylan Thomas’s uncommon counsel not to accept the “good night” that death represents passively, but to go down fighting (Thomas 1). Typically the fodder of poetry is a quiet resignation to mortal forces beyond our control; many poems with death as their theme encourage readers to “accept…death peacefully and gracefully” (Hochman 1).
However in Do Not Go Gently into that Good Night Dylan Thomas offers something far more incendiary in that he suggests that mortals should not accept this core fundament of our being. In Hochman’s words, “perhaps it is this contradiction, unreconciled, that gives this poem its power, its ability to paralyze rational overcoming and obstruct the desire to make polarities meet at some middle ground” (Hochman 1).
Harlem by Langston Hughes was chosen for this paper because the poem speaks to the urban experience of the socioeconomically oppressed underclass of modern cities.
One arresting image from the poem occurs in the last line “or does it explode?” (Hughes 3). Hughes ends the poem with an ambiguous image which could be construed equally as death or violent anger. When interpreted as violent anger, the final line may be read as a call to action that portends the Civil Rights movement in the United States.
Hughes clearly describes the theme of Harlem in the rhetorical question that opens the poem: “What happens to a dream deferred?” (Hughes 3). The dream put on hold describes the psychological suffering of a generation of human beings deprived of human rights on the basis of skin color.
The poem We Real Cool was chosen for this paper for two reasons: one, because the simplicity of its language provides an arresting contrast to the other poems, and two, because similar to Harlem, it has a grounded, urban quality that speaks to the real issues faced by socioeconomically disenfranchised city dwellers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Poetry Assignment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More One arresting image in We Real Cool occurs in the line “We Sing sin” (Brooks 1). This one line contrasts the other lines of the poem that describe resignation because it speaks to a desire for life in these young men. The fact that they “Sing sin” means that they revel in pleasure, and reveling in pleasure means that they want to experience life, and contradicts the idea that they are simply waiting for death (Brooks 1). The reader understands this because “Sing” has been capitalized (Brooks 1).
There are two ways to interpret the theme of We Real Cool. The last line “We / Die soon,” suggests a tragic statement revealing the short violent nature of the lives of these young men. Conversely, however, as critic Joe Sarnowski points out, “We / Die soon,” could also be a reminder that life is short and needs to be lived to the fullest (Brooks 1).
In Sarnowski’s words, the pool players “seem to say that life is too short: that we all die too soon, so why not enjoy life while one has it?” (Sarnowski 2). The theme of We Real Cool could then be interpreted as a calling for young and old alike to “face death without fear or regret” (Sarnowski 2).
The poems under discussion in this essay – Because I Could Not Stop for Death and Wild Nights_Wild Nights! by Emily Dickinson, Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night by Dylan Thomas, Harlem by Langston Hughes and We Real Cool by Gwendolyn Brooks – represent a sampling of some of the most provocative poems of the last two centuries. Rich in imagery and rife with multiple themes, these poems continue to be studied and read long past the deaths of their creators due to their universal appeal.
Works Cited Brooks, Gwendolyn. “We Real Cool.” Reading for English 2. Mark Connelley and Joseph Trimmer, eds. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995. Print.
Dickinson, Emily. “Because I Could not Stop for Death.” Reading for English 2. Mark Connelley and Joseph Trimmer, eds. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995. Print.
Dickinson, Emily. “Wild Nights_Wild Nights!” Reading for English 2. Mark Connelley and Joseph Trimmer, eds. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995. Print
Hochman, Jhan. “An Overview of Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night.” Poetry for Students. Mary K. Ruby, ed. Vol. 6. Detroit: Gale Group, 1999. Web.
Hughes, Langston. “Harlem.” Reading for English 2. Mark Connelley and Joseph Trimmer, eds. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995. Print.
Joyner, Nancy Carol. “Because I Could Not Stop For Death: Overview.” Reference Guide to American Literature. Jim Kamp, ed. 3rd ed. Detroit: St. James Press, 1994. Web.
Powell, Desmond. “Emily Dickinson.” Emily Dickinson, Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism: Volume 171. Jessica Bomarito and Russel Whitaker, eds. Detroit: Gale Group, 2006. Web.
Sarnowski, Joe. “Critical Essay on ‘We Real Cool’.” Poetry for Students. Mary K. Ruby, ed. Vol. 6. Detroit: Gale Group, 1999. Web.
Thomas, Dylan. “Do Not Go Gently into that Good Night.” Reading for English 2. Mark Connelley and Joseph Trimmer, eds. Oxford, U.K.:Oxford University Press, 1995. Print.
The Strategic Competencies of Delivering Gifts Explicatory Essay cheap essay help
Work process standard This appraisal is aimed at assessing the strategic competencies of delivering gifts and other services to customer’s convenient places within recommended time. The main services offered by the business include delivery of gifts to places recommended by our clients at a fee.
The gifts include flowers, jewelry among other gifts as the customers may require. Other services offered include shopping on behalf of our clients who may not have the time to do this due to time constraint as a result of their busy schedule.
Strategic competencies to be achieved The business seeks to improve response time. Response time is defined by the business as the time between the reception of an order by our marketing department and the time that the business takes to satisfy the order. In other words, the time the supply department takes to deliver the product. It is also defined as the time between the reception of complaints by our complaints desk and the time the issue of concern is addressed.
In addition to this, the business also seeks to improve cycle time which is the time between the delivery of the services and the time the payment of those services is made. The business also seeks to improve quality of service delivered through screening of customers’ requirements and provision of services tailored to customer’s needs and requirements.
The main output that the business seeks to give priority is the response time. The response time has been identified as the main factor that is shaping the competition in the service industry. With most of the business customers mainly composed of the working class and in the executive class, the improved response time will help reduce delays for this class of people who may not have enough time to shop for the gifts and ultimately deliver to their loved ones.
Measures of the Achievements of Competencies Response time will be measured depending on the distance between the business and the delivery point and the time taken per unit of the distance to deliver the service. Other factor that will be used to measure the response time will include the ease at which the required service can be acquired and delivered.
Also of interest to achieve is the reduction of the cycle time which will help the business to improve its working capital and consequently help in the improvement of the response time. The reduction of the cycle time will be measured by the availability of more than 50% of the required operating capital at any given time. It will also be measured through analysis of the credit statements which should indicate an improvement of debt settlement by business customers within the set time.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Improved service delivery will be measured through increased business creation and reduced customer complains. It will also be measured by the extent at which the business understands the needs and requirements of the customers and the ability to produce tailored services that meet the scale of customer’s satisfaction.
Current business position in the industry Currently the performance of the business on the above measures is comparable to those of the other industrial players. However, to differentiate ourselves from others, there is need to establish our scale which will help to position the business above the rest by giving the business a competitive advantage. By doing so, the business will be in a better position to offer premium products; at premium prices acceptable to the customers.
Customers’ needs and requirements A number of customer requirements have been identified. Some of these relate to the manner in which the product is delivered and the others relate to the features of the service.
The manner in which the service is delivered include the time of delivery, speed of delivery, price and any other support service concerning the product or service delivered. It has been identified that most customers require instant delivery services at a competitive price. They also require support regularly on how to consume the service.
Most of them also take a great of concern on the packaging of the product delivered. Quality packaging is taken positively as measure of how best the service is offered. In term of prices, customers have been found to be diverse. Some view high prices as a sign of a premium product and a readily willing to pay the price. However, other views this as being exploitive and therefore there is the need to understand each customer.
From these requirements, delays in the delivery of the services are highly unwanted by our customers. These delays in most cases have been as a result of inadequate operating capital which forces the business to wait until the payment is made the services offered in order to provide means of meeting the new demand. Also, it has been contributed to the failure to fully understand the specific needs of our customers as a result of poor feedback mechanisms and inadequate information gathering process.
Work process overview The following is the overview of the work process
We will write a custom Essay on The Strategic Competencies of Delivering Gifts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Overview of the On-Door Delivery Service Stimulus:
Service delivery needs statement
Authorization by management
To build on-door delivery service for our clients able to meet their needs effectively and timely at a competitive prices.
The target for work process is the gift business and the prospective and existing customers.
This will be achievable by applying high standard of competence through utilization of effective communication systems, reduction of bureaucracy, quick response and development of effective feedback mechanisms.
The results of this appraisal will lead to the following:
Redress of the areas of concern by our customers
Acquisition of knowledge on how best the business can improve its service delivery to customers through customer’s feedback.
Improvement in customers’ satisfaction through understanding their requirements and increased response time.
Establishment of competitive advantage over other on-door service delivery businesses
Increase in business success in the market.
Conditions to be met
For the expected results to be achieved the following conditions must be met.
An effective feedback mechanism must be established to get feedback on the level of customer satisfaction and the area of their concern.
An effective information gathering system must be in place to ensure correct information is obtained on the customer needs and market trends.
The existence of enough resources to effectively compete our competitors
The existence of effective mechanism to monitor our competitors’ activities to study their activities.
Reduce delivery cost per unit by further development of the market by our business.
Measures of success
The results of this process will be measured through the following:
Reduced customers’ complains
Improved service delivery to customers
Positive feedback on the improved level of customer satisfaction.
Improved ability to meet customers’ requirements
Reduction of cost per unit of delivery to customers
Increased market coverage
Overall improvement in business performance.
Start Time Input
Customers’ needs statement
Current and prospective customers
Service delivery resources
Service delivery constraints
Monitoring of the prospective and current customers
Service delivery guidance materials.
Service delivery guide
Marketing course book
Overall customer satisfaction
Improved business revenue above cost of operation
Provision of other required necessary materials and resources.
Work process mapping
Work process map for building on-door delivery services
Procedural Document The process will begin with the definition of the job by the management. This should be preceded by the identification of customers’ needs and requirements. Once this is done, the management will design the work in a way that is consistent with customer’s needs and requirements. Work will be executed to meet customer needs of quick response, support for the services rendered, and competitive prices for premium services offered.
A feedback mechanism is established to collect the concerns of the customers. This feedback information is to be used regularly to review the needs of the customers and to redesign the work as appropriate in order to meet changing needs of the customers. Positive feedback will indicate achievement of the desired competence.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Strategic Competencies of Delivering Gifts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Negative feedback on the other hand will indicate a failure to design the work process in a way that satisfies customer’s needs and requirements. This will lead to the review and the redesign of the work process until the need of the customers is met at a satisfactory level.
Appraisal Interview The following interview is intended to reveal the current ability of the business to meet customer’s needs and wants
Customers’ satisfaction appraisal form
The main intention of this process is to ensure that we understand your needs and are able to meet them to your satisfaction. Please answer the following questions as honestly as possible.
What type of service do you receive from the business?
Why did you choose our business to provide this service to you?
Are you currently satisfied with the way the service is delivered to you?
If you are not satisfied, what are the main areas of your concern?
What would you suggest the business should do to make this service meet your level of satisfaction?
Do you have any other comment you would like to make concerning the service we offer to you currently?
Which other service would suggest we add to those that we offer to our clients?
How do you think the service you suggest will help the business meet the needs for customers’ satisfaction appropriately?
Generally, how do you rate our business in the following areas: Service delivery
Pricing of services
Ability to meet customers’ needs and consequently their satisfaction.
Work process appraisal form
The following review will help improve the way we execute our work. Please answer the following question as appropriately as possible.
Make comments on your view on how we execute the work. Does it meet the industry standards?
What should the business do to make sure it is performing at the standards set by the industry players if this is not met?
In which way can the business meet customer’s needs effectively at a cost that is acceptable both to the customers and the business?
Generally, how do you rate our business in the following areas: Service delivery
Pricing of services
Ability to meet customers’ needs and consequently their satisfaction.
What do you think the business should do to always be abreast of other industrial players?
If you were to make changes to the way we execute the work of delivering services to our customers, which areas will you give a priority?
Explain why you think those areas you stated above should be addressed and how they can help the business to meet customer needs satisfactorily.
In which way do you think the business can reduce its costs of operation without affecting negatively the quality of services it offers to the clients?
What is the effectiveness of the management to design work process?
Do you think the feedback mechanism employed by the business is effective enough to collect the information on the level of the customer’s satisfaction?
Does the business, according to your views, fully understand the requirements of our customers?
If the business does not fully understand these requirements, what do you think should be done?
Make general summary of the business’ work process.
Make a general comment on management.
What changes do you suggest should be done on the management to make it effective in identifying and meeting the customers’ needs through proper design of work?
Does the business currently posses the required resources to meet customers needs?
Which other resources should the business provide in order to meet these needs?
Conclusions In conclusion the appraisal format proposed above has the capacity to introduce a total turning point for a new company. This can be possible is the proposed appraisal approaches are followed to the latter which makes the entire process to be fully evaluated which would improve on the overall efficiency of the company.
The appraisal also shall be able to show the relevant departments what need to be done to improve the working standards of the firm. The human resource department for instance shall be able to establish all the requirements that need to be put in place to guarantee productivity on the part of the employees.
The appraisal interviews that have been designed above shall also be of relevant help to the organization as they shall not only show the areas where the organization is doing well, but shall also show the workers who are working hard to promote the organization. The appraisal method therefore shall prove to be of great help to the entire organization as it shall help to make the entire organization realize the path towards achievement of its desired goals.
Common Theme between Books Compare and Contrast Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Manipulation in George Orwell’s ‘1984’
Manipulation in ‘Brave New world’
Manipulation in ‘A Clockwork Orange’
Introduction The government institution has a tendency of using anything that is in its disposal to ensure that it is in control through hook and crook. This includes to some extent cases whereby the government uses technology to manipulate its subjects and ensure a severe handling of any disloyalty issues.
The books ‘1984’ by George Orwell, ‘Brave New World’ by Aldous Huxley and ‘A clockwork orange’ by Antony Burgess portray a common way in the manner in which governments use technology and other resources to manipulate its citizens both physically and psychologically. The paper analyzes successfully the manner in which the three playwrights develop the theme of government manipulation in the three texts with an effort of portraying the common results attained.
Manipulation in George Orwell’s ‘1984’ Having been set in 1949, the novel ‘1984’ was a prediction of what could happen to a country where totalitarianism became deeply rooted (Hillegas 43). The novel portrays the cruelties and oppression of citizens who were subjects of a totalitarian government of Oceania. The novel is mostly concerned about the manner in which technology has been employed to oppress citizens by regimes as well as establish control over every aspect of their lives therefore making them remain like slaves (Aubrey 50).
In the portrayal of what people can call the perfect totalitarian government, the novel examines the different techniques that the party uses to control its citizens. These include psychological manipulation of the citizens, exercising physical control on the people, and using technology to control information, history and the citizens for the benefit of the party.
The party exercises psychological control over its people by replacing individual thought with distorted psychological stimuli. The use of propaganda ensures a constant feeding of the people with lies that in turn shape their thinking (Aubrey 23).
The use of ‘Telescreens’ to enhance the propaganda is effective in that the citizens are kept aware that the authorities are scrutinizing them. “You had to live — did live, from habit that became instinct — in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and, except in darkness, every movement scrutinized” (Orwell 5).
This ensures that every move to be disloyal even by simply having a disloyal thought is completely dealt with and can be viewed as a crime against the party.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The citizens seem turned against each other using propaganda. For instance, children seem turned against their parents and recruited in the organization referred to as junior spies where they can act as watchdogs for the party by reporting any disloyalty even from their parents. People consider those who go against the party as enemies of the state.
The party employs physical control in its efforts to exert completely the control on its citizens (Bowker 220). This is evident through the manner which the party takes control of the bodies of its subjects.
As Winston observes, the party can read a tiny facial twitch to mean disloyalty, which could lead to arrest and prosecution. “Your worst enemy, he reflected, was your nervous system. At any moment the tension inside you was liable to translate itself into some visible symptom” (Orwell 211).
In fact, the party issues decree that force the subjects of the state to undergo mass morning exercises, which it refers to as the physical jerks. They also encounter situations of long working hours at government agencies. For those who try to go against this, he/she has to face punishment and ‘reeducated’ through a severe tortured.
Winston says, “People simply disappeared, always during the night. People removed your name from the registers wiping out every record of everything you had ever done, and further denying and forgetting your one-time existence. You were abolished, annihilated: vaporized was the usual word” (Orwell 345). As Winston points out after he was subjected to this torture, the state takes advantage of it to control reality and suppress opposition as there is nothing more intense to a human being like physical pain.
The party uses technology to control both information and history by changing all documented truth and replacing it with propaganda. The government prohibits keeping of historical evidence, such as photographs. These leave the people with only one choice, which is to rely upon their memories for the truth (Aubrey 56). This makes them easily manipulated.
The party abuses technology, as it uses it to enhance the control and oppressive measures of the government. The party ensures that there are the telescopes and microphones hidden all across the city to keep a close eye on the citizens.
We will write a custom Essay on Common Theme between Books specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Bowker, this deprives them of their privacy and personal freedoms as every of their moves is monitored (230). Technology seem further used to exert control on the production and sources of information as well as inflicting torture on those who are deemed disloyal. This proves that technology when in the wrong hands can facilitate the most diabolical of evils.
Manipulation in ‘Brave New world’ Huxley in his brave new world sounds a warning on what may transpire upon giving the state a control over new and powerful scientific innovations and technology. This is because the state is bound to use them in manipulating the citizens. This can be witnessed in the manner the state uses “technology and medical interventions to control reproduction” (Huxley 45).
Another example stands out where the state uses technology to create the complicated entertainment machines and the complicated drug soma that is prove of such misuse of technology.
Brave new world is not only a warning but also a satire of the society in which Huxley is part. In this state, society’s economic values determine what a person’s happiness entails. A person is therefore happy if they can satisfy their personal needs (Howe 89). The society has influenced the psychology of the citizens to equate success to the ability to grow economically and prosper.
The citizens therefore spent most of their time enjoying themselves as well as looking for ways to attain pleasure at the expense of their personal liberty about which they are less concerned.
Like ‘1984’ by George Orwell, ‘Brave new world’ sends a warning by depicting a dystopia in which a totalitarian government controls the movements, bodies, minds and actions of its people in order to preserve itself and continue being in power (Aubrey 56).
The kind of manipulation is however different in the two texts in that rather than the constant surveillance, torture and murders illustrated by Orwell’s 1984, brave New world achieves the same by manipulating people indirectly through technological interventions that exist throughout the lifetime of the citizens and shape what they deem as important to them.
This makes the people so happy and satisfied to an extent that they do not think about the possibility of the oppression they seem subjected to (Meyers 64). This in other words is that they are kept satisfied to an extent that they are no longer concerned about their personal freedom.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Common Theme between Books by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Manipulation in ‘A Clockwork Orange’ Burgess’s belief that the freedom of choice is the most important human attribute that a person can have and that distinguishes humans from all other things in the world which include both machines and animals is the major concern of this book (Meyers 56). When the character Alex exercises his free will by choosing to do evil things, the government represses his quest.
Upon doing this, he ends up losing his ability to function as a man and he therefore exists as only a thing. The minister says, “If a man cannot choose, he ceases to be a man” (Burgess 88). He loses his free will due to the manipulation of the government as well as its meddling with affairs of individuals.
Neutrality and apathy as preached by oppressive governments become the two greatest enemies of free will (Meyers 45). As exemplified in the novel by Alex’s parents who choose not to meddle in the affairs of the state but are lured into sleep by a world cast program, the state uses such mechanism as entertainment to invoke apathy and neutrality in its middle class and make them comfortable and not in a position to question anything whatsoever. There freedom is therefore taken “as they sleep” (Burgess 70) as Alex puts it.
The institution of government as portrayed in the novel which champions for free will constantly seeks to suppress individuals in favor of the majority (Howe 564).
The state is desperate to the extent that it can employ any method to ensure that it survives. By the use of technology, economy as well as the threat of violent measures, the state is able to manipulate the individual as well as take away his free will. The state values someone or something when it matters and when it is of great importance only to drop it and discard it later when it thinks it is of less importance.
“Common criminals like this unsavory crowd”–(that meant me, brothers, as well as the others, who were real pre-stoop-nicks and treacherous with it)–“can best be dealt with on a purely curative bas” (Burgess 78). It uses technology to make hardened criminals harmless and then turns against the dissidents such as Alexander whose public opinion threatens the stability of the state.
Conclusion The three texts in their different contexts explore the theme of manipulation by government and the effect that this has to the individual citizens. The manner in which these governments use technology as well as manipulate the economy to attain this is similar in all the three texts.
Technology for instance, is used in all the texts to suppress any instability either by directly barring the citizens from this or indirectly. This can be seen for instance the manner in which the use of advanced technology is put in place to ensure that all the hardened criminals are made harmless in ‘A clockwork orange’ and also to ‘reeducate’ enemies of the party in ‘1984’.
This implies the direct abuse of technology by state machinery to exert torture and ensure that people do not challenge the government’s policies. However, ‘Brave New world’ uses a different approach in the manner it uses technology to exercise control on its citizens.
It ensures the production of entertainment and luxury machines, which make the citizens so occupied and happy to the extent that they cannot possibly think of themselves as oppressed. Whichever the manner of using technology to manipulate the citizens, the results are all the same: It must manipulate people, robbing off their rights and personal freedom.
Works Cited Aubrey, Crispin. Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1984 and Brave New world: Autonomy, Control and Communication. London: Comedia, 1983.
Burgess, Anthony. Clockwork Oranges: In 1985. London: Hutchinson, 1985.
Bowker, Gordon . Inside George Orwell: A Biography. Palgrave: Macmillan, 2003.
Hillegas, Mark. The Future As Nightmare: H.G. Wells and the Anti-Utopians. Southern Illinois: University Press, 1967.
Howe, Irving. 1984, Brave New world and Clockwork oranges Revisited: Totalitarianism In Our Century. New York: Harper Row, 1985.
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. London: HarperCollins, 1932. p. 113
Meyers, Jeffery. Orwell, Burgess and Huxley: Wintry Conscience of a Generation. London: Norton Publishers, 2000.
Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four: A novel. London: Secker
How Does Society View Single Parents? Research Paper scholarship essay help
Introduction Single families face various challenges as they try to bring up their children like other families. They also face stigmatization in some societies where they are rejected and disapproved. In addition, some religious sectors like Islam and Christianity do not show open support for single parenthood, especially if its causes are contrary to their beliefs.
Single parents therefore face problems from all corners, ranging from schools, government positions, and society at large. Caring for their children is also a challenge as they have to ensure that children grow just as the others who have both parents.
One of the most difficult problems facing single parents is how to integrate into the society with their families. Most societies only recognize married couples as able to raise children in an effective way. Furthermore, children find themselves isolated when in learning institutions as others embrace both parent while they glare in awe (DePaullo 1).
Causes of single parenthood vary and usually lead to different societal views. For instance, single parenthood arising from death of one partner is usually considered correct. However, it does not shoulder the responsibilities that come with it. On the other hand, single parenthood arising from separation and divorce face integration problems in the society, apart from the increased responsibilities.
This disparity in how the society and community at large treat single parents has raised concern all over the world. Their isolation in some States has led to poor development of their children as they are left to offer parental duties to the children. This paper will try to argue out whether societal judgment of single parents based on its cause is justifiable. It will also endeavor to explore the problems faced by single parents in detail (DePaullo 1).
Single parent A single parent refers to one who cares for one or more children without the help of one of the biological parents of the child or children. Different nations have varying laws related to single parenthood.
These laws determine how those families are treated or served by their respective governments. Single parenthood may be caused by either of these, choice or unexpected circumstances. The latter include death of one of the parents, abandonment which may occur in tough conditions, parents who neglect their children may cause them to rely on the others for both needs, teenage pregnancies or children born outside marriage.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Single parenthood caused by choice includes scenarios such as surrogate motherhood, child adoption, divorce and separation between biological parents as well as artificial insemination, among others. These factors that cause single parenthood also influence their way of life. It is estimated that most single parent families face prospects of poverty given the increased responsibilities (DePaullo 1).
Some Governments like the United States, UK, Australia, among others, in which there is high rates of single parent families have devised ways of assisting them.
For instance, United States had about 13 million single families in 2006, among which those headed by females were about 80%. This is quite a high rate and the effects are real as they try to make homes for these families. The UK estimated that 52% of single parent families lived below their defined poverty line in 2009, with over 3 million children raised by single parents.
This survey estimated that the UK had about 1.9 million single parents, a very high rate comparing its size and population with the United States. Australia also had over 14% single parent families, a very high number to work with. This has forced government to come in with strategies to assist them given their exposure to poverty and stigma (DePaullo 1).
How society views single parenthood Society is very instrumental in helping single families integrate well with other members of a community. Of great concern is the fact that most societies categorize single families based on the causes of their status. In most cases divorcees are seen as a bad influence in societies without considering its causes, the church shuns divorce and this makes it very difficult for divorcees to integrate well in the society.
This makes them look like sinners among other congregation. Also, society considers these families as failures and do not approve of their dealings. Some sectors of religion even disapprove integration with such people as they assume that they are bad influence to the supposed ‘clean’ society. This has cause stigma to such families as their children face all sorts of scorn and unanswered questions from their parents (DePaullo 1).
Furthermore, those single families that are caused by unexpected circumstances like death still face some sort of isolation although not to an extent of those caused by choice. In most societies, isolation comes in facing and shouldering of family responsibilities for these single parents.
We will write a custom Research Paper on How Does Society View Single Parents? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Schools are areas of challenges for children and parents from single parenthood. Even single parent teachers face discriminations in schools, making it much more difficult for mere students or parents. The stigma that comes with such problems are likely to leave them isolated in community projects and other societal activities.
That is why it is quite important to address such problems as single parenthood, which in most cases, rarely comes out of choice. Most people find themselves in such situations and therefore need communal support as well as government assistance to help them become important channels of development in the society (Richards 277-285).
Discussion The paper discusses whether it is right or justifiable to judge single parents based on the causes of their status. Conservatives usually consider single parenthood caused by choice as a taboo in the society. On the other hand, modern societies have continued to embrace single parenthood irrespective of the cause.
Nonetheless, Religious sectors feel that these developments cause societal degradation and pollution of a once ‘clean’ society. These sentiments are usually shared by most religious sectors which abhor such actions. Should society judge single parents based on causes of the status? The following discussion would provide a clear answer to that (Richards 277-285).
Single parents should be judged based on causes of their status
There are several reasons that would make one believe that single parents need to be judged based on causes of their status. For instance, those parents who decide to divorce knowing very well the coming repercussions that would overwhelm them and their children should be discouraged from doing so, when the community or society makes divorce a taboo, this discourages unnecessary divorce.
When these families are not discouraged the society will be polluted and derailed. Such behaviors, on purpose should be discouraged as they may lead to distortions in family values. The world is full of various events and problems, people should be ready to persevere, and this would help in uniting many families (Richards 277-285).
When children have both parents, then their development is well taken care of. Children without one of their parents often end up in mix-ups such as early marriages, teenage pregnancies, stereotype against other genders, which is very destructive to a normal society.
Drug abuse in teenager is mostly connected to child negligence or abuse. Societies will never tolerate child abuse, and negligence. Therefore in that regard, it is important that single parenthood by choice is discouraged in the society. This will help in ensuring good moral values in the community (Richards 277-285).
Not sure if you can write a paper on How Does Society View Single Parents? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In that respect, parents should be discouraged from making difficult choices for their children, in divorcing. As much as life is quite difficult and full of distrusts, parents should try as much as they can to avoid such issues, this will be good for their children. It is very important to have children in marriage with both parents fulfilling their responsibilities. Most single parenthoods are as a result of parents neglecting their responsibilities.
This has to be discouraged at all costs, because those who suffer in such situations are children as well as the single parent. Therefore, society is justified in dictating pathways that its members should take, without which; they should be held responsible (Sacks 10).
Single parents should not be judged based on their status
Single parents are just like other people in the community; their status is mostly due to happenings that are beyond control, for instance, when divorce occurs, one of the divorcees usually ends up disappointed or victimized, we cannot judge victims as this would be contrary to societal beliefs. In that regard, single parenthood caused by divorce should not be condemned.
Moreover, some parents neglect their children due to family burdens; some people cannot afford to adequately provide such services to their children and without intending to do so, ends up neglecting their own children. Society should consider these children as their own, with responsibility for their protection lying on their shoulders.
Single parents also need full backing from governments and other related agencies, to boost them both financially and emotionally. In addition, it is important to note that children that suffer from such situations are never at fault, society should therefore endeavor to provide adequate support for these children, physically, and most importantly emotionally by backup their parents (Risman 1049).
Summary Single families face various challenges as they try to bring up their children like other families. They also face stigmatization in some societies where they are rejected and disapproved. In addition, some religious sectors like Islam and Christianity do not show open support for single parenthood, especially if its causes are contrary to their beliefs.
Single parents therefore face problems from all corners, ranging from schools, government positions, and society at large. The argument above emphasizes the fact that single parenthood should not be done at will, through careless divorce or neglect of children.
The first argument for society’s justification in judging or isolating single parents, especially those caused out of choice argue that when this is encouraged, people will neglect their responsibilities out of simple problems that can be solved amicably (Richards 277-285).
The second argument, against society’s justification states that even though some people neglect or divorce out of small differences, there are victims of divorce who need to be protected by the society and provided with necessities to enable their children succeed in life.
It goes on to state that these children need protection and love, which only the society can provide. Neglecting them is suicidal for a community that needs to focus on the future.
Moreover, as has been stated above, neglected children tend to enter into bad groupings that would eventually cost society its gains. The society is there to safeguard its members and this cannot be achieved if children are neglected irrespective of the cause. It is therefore important to note that society is not justified in their treatment of single parents (Quinlan 376-390).
Conclusion It is important to state that single parenthood is a difficult task, as the needs of children are shouldered by one individual. It is also imperative to note that most single parent occurrences are never out of both parent’s wish, but unexpectedly, or out of situations that are quite difficult to understand.
The complexity of such situations ends up in divorce leaving children to one parent, who may or may not have the capability of providing all the requirements. In this regard, as much as society may be justified in their judgment, single parents need support both from the community and government.
They are isolated and feel deprived of social pleasure. These should be accorded to them as required since they too are citizens, who works hard for the good of the nation. They should be allowed into high positions without questions as to their single parenthood; this will boost their morale and have a positive effect on their children (Pong 23-42).
Works Cited DePaullo, Bella. “The Scientific Study of People who are single: An Annotated Bibliography”. Association of single People. 17.05.2011.17.05.2011. Web.
Pong, Suet-ling. “The School Compositional Effect of Single Parenthood on 10th Grade Achievement”. Sociology of Education 71:1 (1998), 23-42.
Quinlan, Robert. “Father absence, parental care, and female reproductive development”. Evolution and Human Behavior. Volume 24, Issue 6, November 2003, Pages 376-390.
Richards, Leslie and Schmiege, Cynthia. “Family Relations”. Family Diversity. Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 277–285.
Risman, Barbara, and Park, Kyung. “Just The Two of Us: Parent-Child Relationships in Single-Parent Homes”. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 1988, 50, 4, Nov, 1049.
Sacks, George. “Boys without fathers is not a logical new idea.” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Little Rock: Arkansas.
Compare and Contrast Private and Public Schools in Saudi Arabia Compare and Contrast Essay writing essay help
The quality of education that parents offer to their have an impact on life successes that the children will have in future. In Saudi Arabia, the government does not restrict parents to educate their children in a certain school whether private or public; however, parents for various reasons, they choose the schools for their children. This paper compares and contracts private, and public schools in Saudi Arabia.
Discussion In 1932, when Saudi Arabia became independent, the country education system had been limited to the well to do in the economy until when it economically developed and declared all public schools to be free of charge from primary school all the way to high school.
Private schools on the other hand are establishments made by entrepreneurs with the aim of offering high quality education and then charging certain fee for the service. In this business, the government has minimal role that it plays; however, the syllabus should follow the one prescribed by the ministry of education. The schools are both Muslims and non-Muslims
When comparing the quality of education in the two set ups, private schools have an upper hand, they offer quality education and have a policy of value for money; parents are also empowered by the authorities to question and give their recommendations on what should be done. The entrepreneurs have to comply with Saudi Arabian labor laws employs teachers in private schools. Managers of these schools ensure that the schools have high discipline and moral standing as a move to attract more businesses.
Although Saudi Arabian public schools are among the world’s best-managed schools, the large number of students experienced can be blamed for its lower ranking in performance, quality and discipline. Some classes have even up to forty students; this is a challenge to the management to control the students’ activity at every single stage.
The ministry of education who delegate the supervisory power to head teachers and district supervisors pays teachers; when there is a conflict, the ministry is actively involved for the good of the country.
In games, some private schools have better game facilities as well as talent management programs; they are some of the projects that have been implemented to attract a higher number of students and persuade parents to bring their children to a certain school. When they are competing, they compete with their counterparts in public schools where they outdo then especially in indoor games. When it comes to outdoor games like football and volleyball, public schools are favored by their large number to have stronger teams.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The small number of students in the private schools makes teachers be able to realize, nature, grow and develop individual students talents, the move has been reflected in real life situations where those from private schools seem more focused on their personal capabilities through the development of their talent; this is shaped when they are schooling.
In private high schools, the curriculum adopted by most school has extra curriculum activities forming a strong base of the schools, the activities are more emphasized than in public schools. This makes students from the schools all-round educated and socialized. Those students excelling in sports and showing extra potentials, their parents are advised to invest in the child in that line.
Although Saudi Arabian government does not restrict parents on where they will educate their children, it ensures that both private and public schools in the economy are of high quality.
Reading the Secret Signs: The Art of Finding Symbols Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction: On Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality
Burying Secrets: Antigone. Behind the Shadow of Death
Living in a Dollhouse: Ibsen and His Protest
Conclusion: The Jailbreak
Introduction: On Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality Though in the modern world, all people are considered free and possessing equal rights, it has not always been this way. The road to the existing society where people enjoy equal rights and freedoms has been long and exhausting. Although there is a considerable gap between the Ancient Greece and the XIX-century world, the problem of liberty, not only physical, but also moral, intertwines these two epochs. That is why there is so much in common between Antigone, Sophocles’s drama, and Doll’s House, the creation of Henrik Ibsen.
To some extent, it must be admitted, each of the books suggests the ideas of feminism – in their embryo, of course, yet there can be no doubt that Doll House is one of the books that were the first heralds of the feminist epoch coming on. However, it must be admitted that the feminist ideas are shifted into the background of watch story, whereas in the center the demand for recognizing human rights is placed.
Indeed, it would be rather unreasonable to interpret the play only as an anthem for feminist movement. In comparison to this story, Antigone, the drama by Sophocles, offers another idea of liberty, yet it aims at the same effect – the recognition of people’s rights, namely, the right to be self-sufficient and do the things that one considers right.
However, despite the common ideas, each author chooses his own symbols to convey these ideas to the public. Comparing the methods of the Ancient Greek philosopher and the XIX-century playwright, one can see the distinct difference between the methods that the two utilize, and at the same time trace the similarities between their approaches.
Burying Secrets: Antigone. Behind the Shadow of Death The rich symbolism of the Greek tragedy offers a plethora of food for speculations. One of the most thought-provoking creations, the drama by Sophocles is saturated with metaphors, using the symbols that leave the most vivid and memorable impressions.
Considering the drama, one can notice instantly that the key symbol of Antigone is the death itself. Interpreted in a number of ways, this name makes the essence of the afterlife, the mysterious Hereafter – the world of the dead.
The world of the dead in Sophocles’s drama is considered as the place where one can be completely free – in constant to the life on earth, where each of the mere mortals is bound by the restrictions cats either by the gender issues, or by the political ideas, or any other ideas that prevent people to live their full life. Calling this place in a number of ways, Sophocles still leaves the basic idea of the mysterious afterlife interwoven into the drama.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Travelling down the land of the dead, Antigone claims: “Who did the deed the underworld knows well: A friend in word is never friend of mine” (Sophocles 53) Thus, exposing the underworld as the place where people obtain their freedom and where nothing can be concealed from the watchful eye of Hades, Sophocles raises the topic of freedom on earth.
Another peculiar recurrent symbol in the drama is birds – a large variety of birds that the reader can spot on the book pages. Describing the ease of their flight, Sophocles makes the reader compare these free creatures to people and realize how despicable the freedom of the humankind is.
Living in a Dollhouse: Ibsen and His Protest Depicting the same idea of obtaining the needed liberty, Ibsen uses quite different means. Let along the striking difference of the lead characters in the two stories, the determined and decisive Antigone and the cowardice, chicken-hearted Nora, the books differ in the symbols they use.
Considering the symbolic means that were at Ibsen’s disposal, one can claim with certainty that Ibsen created a masterpiece of refinement and sad sarcasm.
If there is anything that can symbolize the lack of responsibility, self-sufficiency and liberty better than Nora herself, that is the Christmas tree used to decorate the Doll’s, that is, Nora’s, house.
Indeed, the beautiful and at the same time helpless, completely useless attribute of the holiday, the tree is much like the hostess of the house – just as weak and dependent on the support: ”The Christmas Tree is in the corner by the piano, stripped of its ornaments and with burnt-down candle-ends on its disheveled branches. Nora’s cloak and hat lying on the sofa” (Ibsen 39).
Such quick is the transition from the tree to Nora’s clothes – and, in fact, Nora herself – that the parallels drawn between the hostess and the article of the house decoration that it becomes obvious: Nora has never been a human being in its full sense – she has always led the life of complete dependence.
We will write a custom Essay on Reading the Secret Signs: The Art of Finding Symbols specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, it would be erroneous to think that the symbols in Antigone and Doll’s House have nothing in common – at certain point they coincide, depicting the same things. A good example of such coincidence is the symbol of death that is also present in Doll’s House. However, in this drama, a black cross (Ibsen 48) serves as a symbol of passing away.
The last, but not the least is the name of the play – Doll’s House as a symbol of the state of dependence that Nora used to be in and that she escaped from so painfully. Though she is filled with the intense grief, Nora is still willing to get rid of the humiliating environment that she has been living in for so long. Thus, freeing herself, she comes close to the character of Sophocles drama, Antigone.
Conclusion: The Jailbreak Despite the time gap between the two dramas, there is the common idea that intertwines them, making each story closer to the other. However, each of the authors reaches the highest level of expressivity with different means.
Resorting to the use of symbolism in their stories, the two writers create a range of metaphors that serve as the clues for the reader to follow. Triggering a number of associations and creating the vision of the epoch, these tiny details reveal what used to be hidden under the cover of the storyline.
It cannot be doubted that the symbols used by the writers are strikingly different, yet each of the metaphor used serves the same purpose, namely, emphasizing women’s dependence. It is quite remarkable that, despite the years passed since the times of Sophocles, the problem remains topical.
Perhaps, even with Ibsen’s attempts to free those that lack liberty in their own life, the issue still needs solution. No matter how hard it might be to admit it, this is the hard truth the humankind has to live with – or fight it until every single person can feel freed.
Works Cited Ibsen, Henric. A Doll’s House: Unabridged. Clayton, DE: Prestwick House, Inc., 2005. Print.
Sophocles. Antigone. New York City, NY: ReadHowYouWant, 2008. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Reading the Secret Signs: The Art of Finding Symbols by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
Sweet Are the Fruits. Through Pablo Neruda’s Prism Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Tasting the Fruits: The Poem, the Images, and the Ideas
Neruda’s Life Path: A Long Way to Heaven
Balancing Between Scylla and Charybdis: Where the Truth Lurks
Two and Two, Put Together: Picking the Fruits
Tasting the Fruits: The Poem, the Images, and the Ideas It is pitch dark. Even though the lights are on, the United Fruit Co. casts the shadow that does not let the sun in the lives of millions of people. In his striking poem, The United Fruit Co., Pablo Neruda draws the sketch of a monster named injustice – the monster that devoured a great number of people, and seized the power over the entire universe.
Despite the poet knows that the fight is already lost, for the monster is far too influential, and his face is under a perfect disguise, Neruda still depicts the crimes of those prepossessing power.
Each word a loud cry, the poem is filled with grief and rage. In each line, the fury is building more and more until it reaches the top pitch, to subside then slowly into a sad ending. The incredible tension pierces the novel right through, as the poet balances between the anger for those ruining the lives of hundreds of people, and the grief for these lives broken.
Sarcastic and sad, the poem shapes the image of The United Fruit Co. as the barbarians who came to break the rest of the people down, to make them submit and follow the orders of the company.
The poem sounds like a cadence of images – it seems as if Neruda was threading beads to make a string of the saddest story ever. Listening more carefully to the poem, one can hear the distinct lament of the people, their pleas for mercy – but the monster they are calling to is deaf and blind, with no heart to understand them. Neruda’s cartridges are blank, and he knows that well enough.
Neruda’s Life Path: A Long Way to Heaven One of the people who shaped the literature of XX century Chile and contributed to the world literature as the man who saw woes and misery, Neruda followed specific life track that predetermined his creative work. Growing under the hot Chile sun and learning what the vicissitudes of life can be, the poet-to-be was destined to become a world-recognized personality.
With help of his unique experience and the specific manner of perceiving and understanding the events that occurred in the world and in his own life, Neruda was born to become a poet – or, it would be better to say, he was born a poet, literally (Urrutia).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the details that strike most about the poet’s biography is the strain in his relationships with the family. Neftali (the poet’s real name) was much like a medium between the earth and the underworld, with his incredible ability to feel the world at the tip of his fingers:
He heard footsteps. Was it Father? He had been away, working on the railroad for a week, and was due home today. Neftali’s heart pounded and his round brown eyes grew large with panic. The footsteps came closer […] (Ryan 5)
Each of us experiences the time when the childhood fears and ideas fade away like the morning dew. That is the inevitable cost of growing up and becoming the part of the world. Yet that did not happen to Neruda – he never was the part of this world; the poet could be rather described as a creature thrown into the heart of the Earth to test the humankind for humanity.
This incredible ability of his – the ability to understand and give the piece of his without demanding anything back – acme as the boy grew into a poet. However, the dreamer within his was not gone. There was still a piece of the little boy whom he used to be:
Nefati sat, rubbed his eyes, and looked around the room. The words were no longer there. He slid from the bed, tiptoed to the drawer, and opened it. All of the words were sleeping (Ryan 23).
The words were still there. It was just that he had to convey them to the adults this time, being an adult himself. In fact, this proved harder than he expected.
Together with the specifics of the adult life, the political problems and the concern fro the native land came, which literally tore Neruda apart. As soon as the head of Chile signed the agreement with the U.S. and practically sold the country to the entrepreneurs from the United States, Neruda felt that he could not take the half-baked decisions of the government any longer. As a result of this long-lasting conflict, The United Fruit Co., the poetic masterpiece in Neruda’s treasure chest, appeared:
We will write a custom Essay on Sweet Are the Fruits. Through Pablo Neruda’s Prism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There was considerable political tension, nevertheless, arising from the United States’ commercial involvement in the country, particularly through the United Fruit Company. Shortly before Neruda’s arrival, the municipality in Barranquilla had passed a resolution to expropriate the American firm that operated its public utilities (Feinstein 171).
Neruda’s unique brainchild, this poem is ridden with the fear for the future of the country, and the indignation for the invaders. The “flies” seized power over the entire country, which Neruda could not bear – and he never did.
Balancing Between Scylla and Charybdis: Where the Truth Lurks Like many other great poets, Neruda is perceived as either the man who proclaimed Latin freedom from the Western expansion, or the Communist agent that was going to undermine the most progressive and prominent activities of the United Sattes; yet none of the critics deny the geniality of the poet.
It is worth mentioning that there are two basic points of view concerning Neruda’s poem; the rest of the considerations either dub the existing ones, or touch upon the issues that were not topical for the author. Thus, it would be a good idea to consider the two key ideas that critics had about the United Fruit Co., the two opposing views that were represented by Marc Mascia and Jeffrey Gray.
Considering one of the most conventional viewpoints offered by Jeffrey Gray, one must note that, to some extent, this is a tribute to the late poet. Indeed his greatness cannot be doubted, which triggers the specific attitude to the poem.
Seized by the fear for his nation and the desire to protect people from the danger of being enslaved, Neruda did everything possible to prevent the consumerism from devouring the society. Such patriotic goals are worth appreciation, no matter whether they were correct or erroneous. Indeed, it is hard to deny that the impact of the company’s operations left much to be desired, which meant that the poet was guided by the noblest ideas.
According to Jeffrey Gray, United Fruit Co. is “depicting a dictator’s betrayal of revolutionary aspirations, and emphasizing the hope that lay, for Neruda, in socialism” (201-202). Therefore, it was not only the expansion o the Americans in the country, but also the home policy of the political leaders that troubled Neruda and that he expressed in his poem, Grey emphasizes.
Could the famous writer err? In contrast to Grey, famous Mark Mascia criticizes the poem in quite different manner, suggesting another way of interpreting it. According to his article, the poet resorted to the ideas that were totally Utopian from the very beginning, choosing the path of socialism to heal the wounds of the country:
Not sure if you can write a paper on Sweet Are the Fruits. Through Pablo Neruda’s Prism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More His desire to conquer is, as mentioned above, one to overcome grief (both individual, as an exiled writer, and collective, as a self-declared “man of the people”) and to “conquer happiness.” But is this conquest of a better world not itself a universal utopian dream? (Mascia 74)
Despite the credibility of Mascia’s argument, it is still more reasonable to consider the poem from the viewpoint that Grey offers. Although Mascia sounds rather impressive, it still seems that his ideas are cluttered with the prejudice for the Socialism.
After all, it must be admitted that the Socialism theory was the last resort for the collapsing state and the opportunity to fight the insistent attempts of the United States to establish the consumerist lifestyle in the country.
Nevertheless, each paper allows to consider the work of the poet deeper. Knowing the ideas that made Neruda write United Fruit Co., one can evaluate the work more objectively and enjoy the vision of the words gaining unpredictable shades of meaning. Although the viewpoints of each critic can be considered somewhat subjective, their papers still contribute to the overall understanding of the poem.
Two and Two, Put Together: Picking the Fruits Summarizing the creation of Neruda, one can claim with certainty that the incredible power of the [poet’s words drove the attention of the entire state. With help of his talent, Neruda managed to break new grounds in people’s vision of the USA invasion.
Making it clear that the economical aggression of the foreigners will bring nothing but the troubles for the state, Neruda tried to explain his ideas to the people, yet – no one would listen. A heart-rending and impressive poem, it was a cry of despair and an attempt to bring the country and the people together, making them a unified entity.
With a number of metaphors for the country explored by the foreigners, Neruda managed to depict the shock and the helplessness of the nation, make the lament of those in despair reach everyone. However, it is worth mentioning as well that the poem was not only about the policy of the invaders, but also about the propaganda that they seeded.
To teach this poem for someone who is unaware of the life and struggle of the poet, I would use the visual aids and the literature sources to tell the story of Neruda. I would try to incorporate the movies shot about the poet and his creations and the information about his life, both personal and political. It could also be a good idea to demonstrate the influence of the United Fruit Co., which I would do with help of PowerPoint presentations and the articles about the company.
Works Cited Gray, Jeffrey. “United Fruit Co., Canto Generale, and Neruda’s Critique of
Capitalism”. Ed. Harold Bloom, Exploration and Colonization. New York City, NY: Infobase Publishing, 2010: 201-212. Print.
Feinstein, Adam. Pablo Neruda: A Passion for Life. New York City, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2005. Print.
Mascia, Mark. “Pablo Neruda and the Construction of Past and Future Utopias in the Canto General.” Utopian Studies, 12.1: 65-81. Print.
Neruda, Pablo. United Fruit Co. Stone Soup. July 16 2004. Web. Web.
Ryan, Pam Muoz, and Peter Sis. The Dreamer. New York City, NY: Scholastic Inc., 2010. Print.
Urrutia, Matilde. My Life with Pablo Neruda. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004. Print.
Importance of the Bill of Rights in the Constitution Argumentative Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Arguments against the Bill of Rights
Arguments in favor of the Bill of Rights
Introduction Various countries have adopted different systems of government that are suitable for them. A legitimate government is one that has the legal power to rule the nation. A government becomes popular if it is supported by most of the citizens. The constitution is one of the major documents that provide the frame work within which the government operates. This fundamental document defines the relationship between the citizens and the government. It also defines the powers that the government has and how it should exercise them.
The constitution is normally broken down it various categories each having a set of provisions. The bill of rights is one of the basic provisions of a given constitution and it spells out the rights and freedoms of all the citizens of a given nation.
The inclusion of the Bill of Rights in the constitution has been a controversial issue and some people contend that it is not necessary in a situation where we have a legitimate government that has a popular support. In my view, the bill of rights is very necessary in any type of government because of the following reasons.
Arguments against the Bill of Rights In the case of United States, the inclusion of the bill of rights was controversial and people who opposed it had the following arguments. First, they felt that they could elect various individuals to represent them in parliament and if they failed to be accountable to the citizens, they could be stripped off their leadership positions.
Secondly, “the Bill of Rights was used by anti federalists, as a rallying point to argue in favor of the pre-constitutional status quo a confederation of independent states, operating under the glorified treaty that was the Articles of Confederation” (Amar 123). They also thought that the process of drafting it could take a long time and it could interfere with the promulgation of the proposed law.
Thirdly, they contended that the bill of rights would give the impression that the federal government had unlimited powers. Fourthly, the bill rights could not be practical and it could simply be treated as a mission statement. They also thought that there were no mechanisms that could be used to force the legislature to stick on it.
“It is on this basis that they dismissed it as volumes of aphorisms which would sound better in treaties of ethics than in a constitution of government” (Levy 68). This argument remained popular until 1789 when Thomas Jefferson fought for the drafting of the bill. It was later adopted and recognized by the Supreme Court in 1803.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Arguments in favor of the Bill of Rights The Bill Rights is an important aspect of the constitution and I therefore contend that it should be part of the constitution of any legitimate and popular government. I support it because of the following reasons. It enables the citizens to fully benefit from the government.
This is because it ensures that the government protects the welfare and rights of its citizens. The U.S. constitution has ten amendments and they are what we call the Bill of Rights. These rights also enable the citizens to have a fair trial in the courts hence, they cannot be tried unfairly. In addition to these, suspects can be freed on bail as they wait for their cases to be tried.
The lives of citizens is also protected by the bill, hence, the life of an individual cannot be taken by any body unless there are proper justifications for it. “The bill of rights also guarantees the citizens the freedom of speech, of religion, of the press, of lawful assembly, and of appeal by petition” (Levy 187).
This right can only be restricted in a case where it interferes with the rights of others. Citizens are also accorded the right be in possession of arms provided they do not misuse them. It also prevents unnecessary military occupation unless it is allowed by the law.
The United Nations also came up with Universal Human Rights. These Rights were formulated in order to preserve the dignity of human beings from any violation. It therefore enhances equality among people and this encourages peace in the world. Many conflicts that occur today in various countries are mainly because the rights of the citizens are not honored.
For example, the wave of revolution that has really spread a cross the Arab world is mainly because the governments in those countries do respect the citizens’ rights. “Many believe that the protection of human rights is essential to the sustainable achievement of the three agreed global priorities of peace, development and democracy” (Labunski 157). This protection can only be possible if there are legal provisions for it.
Apart from the bill of rights, the citizens’ rights can also be safeguarded through the following methods. The government through the judiciary ensures that citizens’ rights are protected by punishing those who violate them. Secondly, it also uses its security departments to ensure that all citizens are law abiding and do not infringe on the rights of other people. The French Revolution opened a new chapter in the life of French citizens.
We will write a custom Essay on Importance of the Bill of Rights in the Constitution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More During the conflict various scholars like Montesquieu, and Rousseau advocated for the three ideals to be honored by the government. These ideals were equality, liberty, and fraternity. By advocating for these ideals they were demanding for the protection of their rights which had been seriously abused by the despotic regime.
Conclusion From the above discussion, we can therefore conclude that the Bill of Rights is very important even if the government is legitimate. The legitimacy of the government is not enough to make it committed in doing the right things that the citizens expect of it. For example, many governments often start ruling with a lot of popularity but they often lose bearing at some level. It is only the bill of rights that can keep the government’s activities in check. Therefore, the Bill of Rights should be part of the constitution.
Works Cited Amar, Akhil. The Bill of Rights: Creation and Reconstruction. New York: Yale University Press, 2000.
Labunski, Richard. James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Levy, Leonard. Origins of the Bill of Rights. New York: Yale University Press, 2001.
Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum Analytical Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Early child learning and development encompasses the various skills, knowledge, and preschool experiences that are important for children during the early years. The early learning programs apart from promoting learning on top of promoting physical, mental, social, and emotional development. In addition, children, from age <one to five, who attend these programs are better prepared to learn when they join kindergarten.
Research carried out by Bronson, Pierson,
Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo Buonarroti Compare and Contrast Essay best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Similarities between Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo
Differences between Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo Buonarroti
Introduction Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter who lived in the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries. He was born in the year 1881 and died in the year 1973 having been majorly involved in the fields of painting and sculpture. Though born in Spain, Picasso lived most of his life in France. Michelangelo Bounarroti was on the other hand an Italian who was also gifted in the field of painting and sculpture. He was also involved in other arts such as poetry and in the field of engineering. He lived from the year 1475 to the year 1564.
This paper seeks to discuss the two artists mentioned above. The paper will look into the biographies of these personalities with the view of identifying the similarities and differences that existed between them. Individual biographies are examined after which the similarities and differences are drawn out.
Pablo Picasso Pablo was born in the Spanish town of Malaga. His father was called Blasco. Pablo’s interest and exploration in arts can be attributed to his father’s influence as his father was well established in the field of arts. Blasco was actually a professional in the field of arts as he is reported to have been a professor in one of the art schools in Spain. He was also a painter and a curator. It is most likely this paternal influence that drove Picasso into practicing arts.
Following this influence, Picasso was enrolled in an art school in the city of Madrid in order to advance his skills. His efforts and desire to study at this level did not however bear fruit and he was forced to cut short his studies before even completing his first year of study.
At the age of nineteen, Picasso left Spain for Paris in France where he was to stay with a friend. During this time and under their arrangement, between Picasso and his friend, Picasso did his painting works at night while his friend worked during the day a situation that made him to burn most of his paintings in order generate heat in the cold nights (Ghare 1).
The following half a century of Pablo’s life was majorly dominated with painting with specialization in variety of styles each at a time. Picasso’s social life was not characterized with significant stability as expected in most societies.
He had a number of love relationships that rarely worked out for him in terms of marriage. Though his first engagement was realized in the year 1904, Picasso only managed to get into marriage when he was approaching fifty years of age.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More His marriage also failed to work as he was involved in an extra marital affair which together with the different lifestyles that his wife and he lived, led to their separation. Though he further had a number of relationships, he never married again after this until the year 1961 when he married just to avenge on a woman that had left him. He later died in the year 1973 (Ghare 1).
Michelangelo Bounarroti Michelangelo was born in the year 1475 as a second born child to Ludovico and Neri. Following her mother’s health condition which was not steady, Michelangelo was placed under special nursing condition. His mother’s attention to him was further cut by her death when he was only six years of age.
Though he developed interest in arts at a younger age, his farther did not like the idea which he considered as a peasant’s activity. Michelangelo was then sent by his father to a grammar school following the intellectual level that he noticed in Michelangelo. It is in this school that Michelangelo met a friend who encouraged him venture into arts.
At the age of thirteen, he was enlisted to work at a painting workshop before he later went to school to study arts. He then tried to study human anatomy where he used dead bodies before he realized that the dead bodies were inducing negative effects into his life (Michelangelo 1).
By the year 1505, Michelangelo had been an established painter who was recognized by high authorities such as the papacy. He was for this reason enlisted in the year 1508 to work on a tomb for the papacy. He worked on many high profile assignments. His services were also enlisted by the government of Florence. He later left Florence for Rome following a level of hostility that he received from the administration and citizens following some misunderstandings.
He also ventured in other fields such as architecture and literature. His social life was however full of isolation. He confessed his loneliness when he admitted not to be having friends and that he was spending much time in his paintings to an extent that he did not even have enough time for eating. He later died in isolation with no relative around to take care of him or his property. His nephew, however, arrived after his body had been disposed off and carried the remains together with his belongings to Florence (Michelangelo 1).
Similarities between Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo One of the similarities that is realized between the two artists, Michelangelo and Picasso are their characteristic movements from their original residence to foreign lands. Michelangelo is, for example, identified to have moved from Florence to Rome. Following his artistic skills, Michelangelo was invited to stay in Medici where he practiced his painting.
We will write a custom Essay on Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo Buonarroti specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lorenzo, who took him to the palace, however died and the situation changed forcing Michelangelo to return to his father’s house where he stayed before he later moved to Rome where he again practiced his art. Though no clear reason is given for Michelangelo’s first movement to Rome, it is clear that he left his original residence in Florence for Rome where he significantly expressed his artistic talent (Pal 2).
Similarly, Picasso left his original country, Spain, and moved to France where he stayed and did his paintings. His movement to France took place in the year 1901. Another similar feature of the two artists is the level of dependence that was exhibited in their lives.
In the case of Michelangelo, he was taken in to the palace where he stayed until the death of Lorenzo. After the painful loss of Lorenzo, he resorted to staying with his father for some time before moving to Rome again in the hands of other people. He therefore revealed a level of dependence in his early life though he had been economically empowered through his ability to paint.
Pablo Picasso also revealed the level of dependence in his life in Spain and France. When he arrived in France, Pablo moved to stay with a friend. The condition in which they were living appeared to be restrictive since the two people were not able to sleep at the same time.
Their sleeping in turns, one person during the day while another during the night, is an indication that the facility in the house was limited. Pablo, however, still held on to staying with the friend. He thus failed to independently settle in his own house (Michelangelo 1).
Another similarity that existed between the two individuals is their profession that was painting. Pablo is represented to have been a professional painter by the year 1894. Some of his paintings included “the first communion and portrait of aunt pepa” (Michelangelo 1) which appeared in his earlier paintings in the nineteenth century.
His life was dominated with painting as he practiced the art up to almost his time of death. He painted his first major painting at the age of about thirteen years; Pablo was continually in the field of painting till the year 1971 when his last significant painting was realized before his death in the year 1973.
He thus devoted his life to painting. Michelangelo was also a renowned painter. He can similarly be said to have started his painting career at the age of thirteen when his father gave up on his resistance that he was not fit for painting. He was thus established as a popular painter in Florence and also learnt a lot before he was taken in by Lorenzo. He was also involved in his painting career until almost his time of death.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo Buonarroti by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The two artists are also reported to have had poor social lives. Though they lived in different times and localities, their relationships were not strong as their devotion to their profession which took most of their time. Though Pablo is reported to have had engagements and was even married with children, these relationships lacked a strong foundation and all of them.
Pablo’s last marriage was also not based on feelings and emotions, but was rather on a revenge mission over another woman who had left him. Michelangelo is also expressed as an individual who never had a life apart from his painting.
This is much evidenced after his death when only one of his nephews was available as his closest relative to help in taking care of his funeral arrangements. The history of the painter is very silent on his relations. One of the articles that are beloved to have been written by Michelangelo actually confirmed his social loneliness. He is reported to have confessed that he lacked friends and that he actually did not need such friends.
This attitude is by implication given to relatives who seemed never to be close to him until after his death when a nephew came for his remains. His remains being granted to his nephew according to his wish that his body and property be delivered to his closest relative indicated that he never had a wife and thus no children (Ghare 1).
Differences between Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo Buonarroti Just as a number of similarities are exhibited in the biographies of the two artists, their histories at the same time reveals a lot of differences. One of the differences in the lives of Picasso and Michelangelo was the manner in which they entered into the art of painting.
Pablo’s entry into the art of painting is revealed to have been an influence from his father who was a professor in arts. His father was also a painter and worked in a museum, an exposure that could have played a role in influencing Picasso into arts and painting.
Picasso’s parents also took the initiative to establish him as an artist, most likely a painter, as they registered him in an art school so that he could study and develop artistic skills. On the contrary, Michelangelo was drawn into art and painting by personal instincts.
His attraction into arts was more of an in born property that could not even be suppressed by his father who did all he could to divert his interest arts. This is majorly because his father despised drawing and arts. Another difference between the two artists was their paternal homes, where they worked and the period in which they lived.
While Michelangelo was born, lived and worked in Italian towns in the fifteenth and the sixteenth centuries, Picasso was born in Spain in the nineteenth century but later lived and worked in France in the twentieth century.
Their level of social relationships also differed in that as Picasso was able to at least engage in relationships that even led to marriages, Michelangelo was never associated in any known relationship (Michelangelo 1).
Conclusion Picasso and Michelangelo were both renowned painters. Their lives exhibited a significant level of both similarities and contrasts. They are still remembered for their prowess in the world of art. The level of dedications and talent made it possible for them to make great works of art.
Works Cited Ghare, Madhavi. Pablo Picasso biography. Buzzle, 2011. Web.
Michelangelo. Michelangelo. Michelangelo. Web.
Pal, Loswego. Michelangelo Buonarroti. Pal Loswego. Web.
The Concept of the Lie in Political Thought: “Nietzsche and Rousseau” Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
In the realm of political thought, there exists a troubling paradox: how is it that the political elite can continue to lie to the populace with impunity, particularly when the populace is well aware of said lie yet takes no action to affirm the truth? The most blatant case to reveal this troubling reality in recent years was the suicide of David Kelly.
As Guardian reporter Carne Ross states, evidence that supported “an imminent Iraqi threat [was] picked out, polished and formed the basis of public claims like Colin Powell’s presentation to the UN Security Council” (Ross n.p.).
David Kelly recognized the lie, and recognized the construction of a “false case for war…not by the deliberate creation of a falsehood, but by willfully and secretly manipulating the evidence…to ignore contradictory evidence. This was a subtle process, elaborated from report to report, in such a way that allowed officials themselves to believe that they were not deliberately lying” (Ross n.p.).
How is it that we know about this? How is it that such an article can appear in a major newspaper and yet over a 100 000 Iraqis lost their lives regardless?
For Friedrich Nietzsche and Jean Jacques Rousseau, the answer rests on a foundation of conditioning. Nietzsche argues that political lies persist due to the conditioned perception of nobility, learned passivity and the belief in the referred justice of the afterlife. Rousseau attributes the tenacity of the political lie to the arbitrary nature of language and the erroneous perception of ownership.
Both philosophers understand modern life to be rife with lies, yet the acceptance of these lies speaks to a deep psychological paradigm in the human species that must be transcended in order to take action against political deceit. Essentially, for both Rousseau and Nietzsche, we accept the told to us by the political elite simply because we don’t know how to refuse them.
Written in 1887, Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morals: A Polemical Tract set out to expose the deep conditioning that hobbles the advancement of the human species. He found that many of the troubles began with the Greek system of free born men forming a government, as these men created a psychological polarity between nobility and common birth which remains deeply rooted in the human psyche to this day.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As Nietzsche pointed out, “we should not fail to hear the almost benevolent nuances which for a Greek noble lay in all the words with which he set himself above the lower people—how a constant form of pity, consideration, and forbearance is mixed in there, sweetening the words, to the point where almost all words which refer to the common man finally remain as expressions for “unhappy,” “worthy of pity” …designating the common man as a slave worker and beast of burden” (Nietzsche n.p.).
The language itself supported a view of the common human being – the multitude not in the polis – as accepting the evaluation of the nobles, rather than evaluating themselves with their own criteria, and internalizing the idea that they represented a lower form of humanity.
For Nietzsche, this linguistic and political inheritance supported “the old, noble, aristocratic way of evaluating…The “well born” simply felt that they were “the happy ones”; they did not have to construct their happiness artificially first by looking at their enemies, or in some circumstance to talk themselves into it, to lie to themselves, the way all men of ressentiment habitually do” (Nietzsche n.p.).
Nietzsche also argued that learned passivity on the part of the common human being created a false view of their own power, namely, the idea that they did not posses any. The only proof required then for this belief to shape the minds of the common people became the fact they were not noble.
“The Greek nobles knew, as complete men, overloaded with power and thus necessarily active, that they must not separate action from happiness…all this is very much the opposite of happiness at the level of the powerless, the oppressed, those festering with poisonous and hostile feelings, among whom happiness comes out essentially as a narcotic” (Nietzsche n.p.).
Nietzsche also wrote of the problem of religion as it pertains to the continuance of political chicanery, particularly in the belief of a referred justice received after death.
In Nietzsche’s words, “there’s no doubt that these weak people—at some time or another they also want to be the strong people, [believe that] some day their kingdom is to arrive—they call it simply the kingdom of God…People…must have an eternal life, so they can also win eternal recompense in the kingdom of God, for that earthly life in faith, in love, in hope.
We will write a custom Essay on The Concept of the Lie in Political Thought: “Nietzsche and Rousseau” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Recompense for what? Recompense through what? (Nietzsche n.p.). Paradise in organized religion in Nietzsche’s thought is a forum for settling debts, an arena wherein the common human can attain a sense of power, which allows the lies he or she encounters in life more bearable, because the truth will be told after death.
This belief engenders “the consciousness of being in debt to the gods…the pressure of as yet unpaid debts and the desire to be relieved of them” (Nietzsche n.p.). Nietzsche’s caustic response to this belief reads, “over the gateway into the Christian paradise and its “eternal blessedness” it would, in any event, be more fitting to let the inscription stand Eternal hate also created me—provided it’s all right to set a truth over the gateway to a lie! (Nietzsche n.p.)
Jean Jacques Rousseau held the understanding that language, the arbitrary nature of naming things independent of their inherent purpose or value, created a situation wherein the political lie could proliferate, and he attributed the separation between humans and nature as facilitated by conceptual language as one of the main precursors to the lie.
“O man, whatever country you may belong to, whatever your opinions may be, attend to my words; you shall hear your history such as I think I have read it, not in books composed by those like you, for they are liars, but in the book of nature which never lies.
All that I shall repeat after her, must be true, without any intermixture of falsehood, but where I may happen, without intending it, to introduce my own conceits” (Rousseau n.p.).
In Rousseau’s thought, “the first language of man, the most universal and most energetic of all languages, in short, the only language he had occasion for, before there was a necessity of persuading assembled multitudes, was the cry of nature” (Rousseau n.p.). Given that language evolved to form societies, opinions and governments, by definition it became more convoluted and more separated from its original intention and purpose.
“As this cry was never extorted but by a kind of instinct in the most urgent cases, to implore assistance in great danger, or relief in great sufferings, it was of little use in the common occurrences of life, where more moderate sentiments generally prevail” (Rousseau n.p.).
Political lies developed out of the conceptual separation between humans and the natural world, and as this separation intensified over the centuries, lies became more commonplace, since the origins became so far removed.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Concept of the Lie in Political Thought: “Nietzsche and Rousseau” by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More “When the ideas of men began to extend and multiply, and a closer communication began to take place among them, they laboured to devise more numerous signs, and a more extensive language: they multiplied the inflections of the voice, and added to them gestures, which are, in their own nature, more expressive, and whose meaning depends less on any prior determination” (Rousseau n.p.).
Rousseau understands language itself to be susceptible to manipulation, and therefore a vehicle for political lies, by virtue of its arbitrary nature and separation from nature.
Rousseau also sees the lie of ownership as the precursor of the political lie. “The first man, who, after enclosing a piece of ground, took it into his head to say, This is mine, and found people simple enough to believe him, was the true founder of civil society.
How many crimes, how many wars, how many murders, how many misfortunes and horrors, would that man have saved the human species, who pulling up the stakes or filling up the ditches should have cried to his fellows: Be sure not to listen to this imposter; you are lost, if you forget that the fruits of the earth belong equally to us all, and the earth itself to nobody” (Rousseau n.p.).
Ownership – specifically the desire to acquire or the desire to hold on to that which one has acquired – creates competition. Competition creates the need for a competitive edge, and the need for a competitive edge creates the need for a lie. For both Rousseau and Nietzsche, until the human species accepts that we won nothing, not even our own lives, it will be doomed to continue to be duped by its own members.
Works Cited Nietzsche, Friedrich. “On the Genealogy of Morals: A Polemical Tract.” Trans. Ian Johnston. Vancouver Island University Records, 2009. Web.
Ross, Carne. “Curveball and the Manufacture of a Lie.” The Guardian February 15 2011
Rousseau, Jean Jacques. “(1754) A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation of the Inequality among Mankind.”The Literature Network. The Literature Network, n.d. Web.
Darkness at Noon by Arthur Koestler Essay (Critical Writing) essay help online
The history of the Soviet Union has many black spots. Moscow Show Trials pertain to this category of black spots. Many innocent people were tortured and executed. What is more, these trials were regarded as just and necessary by the vast majority of citizens of USSR. It can be difficult to understand how it was possible that the entire nation went along with such cruelty. Arthur Koestler revealed one episode from those harsh times.
It is possible to find many answers to questions concerning Show Trials. Thus, the work provides some details which help to understand that those in the Party and “ordinary people” were partly ignorant to what was happening in reality and partly afraid of possible outcomes of their dissent.
Therefore, to understand why Show Trials took place it is necessary to have a closer look at people related to the Party. In the first place, it is important to note that 1930s were the times when the events of the Revolution and Civil War were resonating. Many people participated in the Revolution or Civil War defending or trying to defeat the new order.
For instance, Rubashov, the main character of the book, was a hero of Civil War and a significant personality in the Party who was trusted enough to become a diplomat in foreign countries (p. 6).
He was respected. He believed in the new order and Revolution, he believed that “the end justifies the means” (p. 98). He was one of those devoted “communists” who tried to build a new country where happy people would live. Nonetheless, people with guns knocked at his doors and took him away in the middle of the night.
This hero of Civil War was announced to be a traitor of the Revolution, a man who was trying to kill No. 1. The party was divided into two categories: rightful communists and traitors. Everyone knew what it meant to be a traitor – it meant execution. The example of Rubashov is quite exemplary since there was no precise evidence of his wrongful intentions.
He was accused because another “traitor” (whom he hardly knew) “confessed” (under torture) that Rubashov was also among the traitors. Basically, a few people knew what exactly Rubashov actually did, or even what his responsibilities were since hierarchies within the Party “were kept strictly apart, were not allowed to have contact with each other” (p. 114).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, many people in the Party did not know a lot about Rubashov (or other “traitors”) and could possibly believe in what was told by the Party, since everyone knew that the Party is always right and can never do wrongful things. However, there were those who understood what was really going on, but it was too late. Such people were either in prisons, were among prosecutors or were too much afraid of being accused.
As far as the rest of the people, “ordinary people”, could be divided into two major groups: those who were ignorant to any details and those who were afraid to say a word against the Party and No. 1. This is also revealed in Koestler’s work: Wassilij, the porter, and his daughter can be regarded as an illustration of the attitude of ordinary people towards Show Trials.
Thus, the young girl was working at a factory where she attended meetings where ideas promulgated by the Party were articulated. It goes without saying that she believed in all that was said and supported what all people should have supported. She was proud of her rightfulness claiming that in one of those meetings they “already carried a resolution” concerning the issue (p. 251).
The girl did not know details of the trial. Thus, she assumed that Rubashov was a traitor on the basis of his confession: “If it weren’t true, he wouldn’t say so himself” (p. 251). Of course, she and millions of ordinary people did not know about tortures.
However, there were people who knew a bit more about those “traitors”. Thus, Wassilij knew that Rubashov was a devoted communist whose speeches were as inspiring as oaths “that even the Holy Madonna of Kasan must have smiled at them” (p. 6).
Wassilij remembered these speeches and understood that the man who said those things and conducted in a way he did could never betray the Party and No. 1. Nonetheless, this man was afraid to articulate his ideas even to his own daughter and defend Rubashov for Wasilij “was now too old to stand the shame of prison” (p. 251).
Thus, he silently pitied his former commander and a good person. It is possible to claim that the entire nation was divided into two groups: the group of blind devotees and wise silent people.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Darkness at Noon by Arthur Koestler specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On balance, it is necessary to point out that Show Trials which took place in late 1930s were due to specific atmosphere in the country where people knew little about what was happening in the country. Thus, some part of people in party and ordinary people were ignorant to the details of those trials and knew little or nothing about “traitors” and simply followed the doctrine of the Party.
Another part of people in the Party and ordinary people though knew a bit more were afraid of revealing their dissent. Under such conditions it was possible for No.1 to reshape the Party and remove all possible opponents.
Works Cited Koestler, Arthur. Darkness at Noon: A Novel. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 2006.
History of Mexico Between 19th and 21th Centuries Term Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Biography of Enrique Krauze
Mexico in 1810
Mexico in 1910
Introduction Mexico has experienced war and violence since 1810. Though the wars have cost people’s lives they have nevertheless been influential to bringing about revolution. This essay will discuss the history of Mexico in the light of the wars that the nation as undergone as covered in an article by Enrique Krauze.
Biography of Enrique Krauze Enrique Krause is 63 years old. He has a good record in writing: “He is the author of Mexico: Biography of power; he is editor in chief of the magazine Letras Libres and was, for twenty year deputy editor of Vuelta, whose editor was Octavio paz” (New York 1).
Mexico in 1810 Mexico has a trend of crisis in wars after every hundred years. This occurred in 1810 which was followed by the one in 1910. However, the recent Crises in 2010 are characterized by a different approach. While the previous were characterized by clashes, the recent crisis is caused by hunger for money and wealth. The crimes are committed by gangsters. This violence has cost the lives of many Mexicans (Krauze 1).
In 1810 to 1821, the violence was caused by exploitation of the people of Mexico by the colonial Spanish authorities. It was known as Mexican War of Independence. The Mexicans had many reasons for triggering violence. First was the ruling by the Iberian Peninsula and the immense wealth of New Spain.
Though the leaders were aware of the dangerous situation ahead of them, they did not take any action that would stop the intended war. Spain had a chance to give the Mexicans their freedom before bursting into war. It is always said that ignorance is expensive.
This war cost 300,000 lives out of the six million in the population (Krauze 1). In this situation, Indian army got a chance to attack Mexico City. Father Hidalgo was the provincial priest then when the war began. He made some achievement in trying to create peace but was later executed because of his hard work. Jose Morelos, who was a priest, succeeded him. Jose Morelos was in turn succeeded by Guadalupe Victoria and then afterwards Vincent Guerrero followed the succession (Minster 1).
This war created a good platform for the decline in the economy of Mexico. There was an economic crisis which was largely brought about by the shaking in agricultural, industrial and mining sectors. The country took about seventy years to recover from this loss (Krauze 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From this point, a need for the establishment of a stable government for the sake of peace of Mexico grew. This was set by separating the church and government to be independent sectors in the country. Both institutions were led by different leaders.
Under the leadership of President Benito Juarez, who had won over the conservatists, there was a great improvement in the economy of the country. Industrialization, infrastructure and foreign trade recovered and improved even in democracy. There was a revolution in the country as there was a great change in many sectors over this period of time (Krauze 1).
Mexico in 1910 After some time Benito Juarez’s general took power from him. Though it is recorded that he continued on the development path, he was a dictator and there reached point when the Mexicans felt that it was time he vacated the top seat. This lead to rebellion from the people which cost around 700000 lives out of the 15 million Mexicans. The United States of America is said to have received about 250000 Mexicans (Krauze 1).
As if that was not enough Cristero war broke out between Catholic Peasants and the anti clerical government; this war cost seventy thousand lives. This war took three years starting from 1926. Despite all the suffering that the Mexicans suffered in the course of this conflict, it has been noted that the conflict was influential in triggering vital reforms in the country.
The main sectors which were noted to have improved were the agricultural, health and social economic sectors. The workers also benefitted from better working conditions. After all, the war was seen to be beneficial to the country as whole (Krauze 1).
Mexico 2010 At the present time, Mexico experiences violence at different level. The violence experienced is brought about by different which have a common goal of satisfying themselves. These groups do not have any national interest at all and as such they target the government and citizens. The hunger for money has resulted in many crimes all over the country leading to many deaths (Krauze 1).
Democracy is seen to have been the window of opportunity to illegal activities such as drug trafficking. To combat these cases, President Felipe Calderon has taken troops to many areas in Mexico. Though this has worked well for the country, more needs to be done on this issue.
We will write a custom Term Paper on History of Mexico Between 19th and 21th Centuries specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Mexico war was necessary for the Mexicans to get their freedom from Spain. It is quite sad that this came at the expense of some Mexicans’ lives. However, now that the nation has freedom, there is much more to be done with the issue of drug trafficking maybe being the most pressing one. This is the only way the country can have peace and stability.
Works Cited Krauze, Enrique. “In Mexico, a War Every Century.” New York Times, 2010. Web.
Minster, Christopher. Mexico’s Independence Day. Latin America History, 2011. Web.
New York. Krauze Enrique. The New York Review of Books, 2011. Web.
Concepts of Personality Profile Autobiography Essay best essay help: best essay help
Introduction A personality profile is simply a description of an individual’s professional qualifications. Personality profiles can also be defined as tests that are used to evaluate a person’s attributes in terms of the personal, educational background as well as professional achievements. There are various personality profiles with some being straightforward while others are complex and require some training so as to undertake the tests effectively.
The personality profiles are administered by a variety of responsible individuals for instance counselors, psychologists, human resource managers among others. This piece of work looks at a practical personal profile and the positive and negative aspects associated with the use of a personal profile as a tool in the selection and retaining of employees in business organizations.
My personality profile There are various personality profiles for example the Hartman personality profile, DISC profile personality test, Myers-Briggs type indicator and Enneagram of personality among others. For the purpose of this assignment, I undertook the Hartman personality profile test; the color code.
It entails four colors (red, blue, white and yellow) each with a specific significance in terms of personal attributes. Form the test; I was able to know my color, and hence my personality, through answering of some questions. To my surprise the test produced accurate results of me in regard to how I perceive myself as well as how other people categorized me. My color is red and has a tendency of having the urge to get things done.
Leadership is in me and I tend to make quick and efficient decisions when faced with various situations. My negative attributes is that I tend to see myself to be always right and project self expectations even when it comes to group work without consideration of the abilities possessed by different individuals (Nyren par 3).
The positive and negative aspects of personality profiles as tools for selecting and retaining employees in businesses Personality profiles have become common among employers, teachers and psychologists as a way through which they can have a deeper understanding of people in terms of their strengths and weaknesses.
Personality profiles have proved to be effective in determining the communication and interaction ability of an individual, the ability to make decisions and respond to various situations as well as the adaptability and suitability in a particular employment opportunity. Strategies such as questionnaires, observation and interviews could be utilized to develop personality profiles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Personality profiles have got both positive and negative aspects when it comes to selection, recruitment and retaining of employees in an organization. It is a valuable tool as it assists in matching of an individual’s qualifications and a particular job opportunity. On my own account, I conclude that most of the personality profiles are accurate as the results from the test clearly depicted me.
If the personal profile was used as a tool to get me a job opportunity and retain me, then it would be effective and would match my personal attributes with the job. Some of the negative attributes associated with the use of personality profiles as a means of selection and retaining employees is that their accuracy are questionable especially those that are readily available on the internet and their sources are not authentic.
Personality profile also utilize sophisticated knowledge management technology that would necessitate extra efforts by organizations especially where various job candidates are involved and face to face communication and evaluation still remain to be a better option in terms of authenticity. Although personality profiles are effective to a certain extent, proper strategies of evaluation should be put in place to ensure that the right candidates are selected, recruited and retained (Schermerhorn 59).
Works Cited Nyren, Lisa. “How to Understand Taylor Hartman’s Color Code”. Ehow. 1999. Web.
Schermerhorn, R., John. Core Concepts of Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2006.
Parking Facility Benefits for a Hospital Research Paper cheap essay help
Introduction Management of hospitals is normally complicated and therefore most hospitals adopt departmentalization. Each department is run separately in coordination with other departments within the hospital. Facility management can effectively help the departments or the hospital as a whole manage the non-primary care activities in each department. It can help the hospital management concentrate on provision of health services while leaving the management of its facilities to experts.
The aim of the study is to provide an analysis of the benefits of parking facility within an outpatient clinic department of a hospital. It provides the merits of the facility to the clinic, patient and other visitors of the department.
Building and maintaining parking facility at the outpatient clinic department will greatly improve access to services at the clinic. Visitors to the clinic will experience convenience and patients’ will find it easier to locate their destinations around the outpatient clinic department.
Overview of the outpatient clinic department The outpatient clinic department identified offers various services which include diagnostics as well as neurology specialty services to patients. It also offers therapy social services. It provides treatment for headache, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, vascular and muscular diseases as well as diseases of Peripheral Nervous System.
It also offers neuroimmunology and neuroocology. Its diagnostic services include neurophysiology, cardiology, neuropsychology as well as neurosonology. In addition, it offers physiotherapy and social pedagogy. The clinic plays a very significant role as it also carries out research in neurology aimed at providing better services to patients and supporting education initiatives (Department of Neurology, University of Regensburg, 2011).
Need for parking facility The outpatient clinic has various structures and facilities that require modification and redevelopment. Locating outpatient according to the patient demographic profile would make offering of services more convenient as well as easily accessible to clients (Aggarwal
The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Essay best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The Marxist representation of civilization is observed in the lead of disparities flanked by classes and spawned by financial objects. This essay scrutinizes the role played by the theory of Karl Marx of social stratification and its representation in ratifying social alteration in the course of group struggles.
Particularly, it examines Marx’s model of consumerist society and reviews what notion continues to be pertinent in the twenty-first century. The contemporary progress cannot deny any of the indispensable thoughts enclosed inside his proposal. Marx predicted the persistent demo of commoditization and additional escalating growth of the capitalist bazaar as one day pursuing the bourgeoisie above the facade of the world.
Marx was pragmatic in his reasoning because he postulated that the populace would be intelligent to put up a superior collective system that would credibly call for supplementary complex resources for preservation. He says that “…. the means of communication adapted themselves to the mode of production of large –scale industries.
In addition, it is a newly created connection with the world market” (Marx 1990 506).The dynamic ideas contained within the communist manifesto have had a lasting impact on the very foundations of modern society. Workers should determine their own destiny by collectivization of interests. Through this, they will realize collective bargaining in the world market. Their social welfare will get better and mistreatment will be no more.
Capitalistic Development Marx insisted on the divergence viewpoint structures that affirm all factions in a culture battle against one another for communal capital. This generates variation involving the factions making the society a ground for clash. The difference is considered to be initiated by profitable capital with groups declining into distinctive classes. The supremacy associations are based on the possession of assets. Consequently, private enterprise is not anything new than the lawful features of control of one class over the other.
The fortunate class exercises their monetary and opinionated influence over the workers by obtaining their labor on the liberated bazaar. According to Marx, a class is explained on the foundation of control over superfluous worth in manufacturing.
The owners of the means of production are referred to as Bourgeoisie, who has power over the allocation of extra worth. The owners of the means of production are in straight inconsistency with the industrial unit personnel who do not have any articulate control in the allotment of additional value yet they are the main manufacturers (Brumfiel 79).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Marx claimed that unrest of the subordinate class demands formation of a mutual awareness about their subjugation. Regrettably, the poorer class no longer subsists as he observed since the precedent class struggles have ended every moment with radical conversion of society as a whole, which can be attained now by the waged people captivating over accessible condition.
The growth of present core executive and fair occupation has broken the subordinate group and augmented the quantity of natives in the center class, which survive in the gap formed between the two classes that Marx had initially projected. The center classes are distinguished from others on the basis of ability hence they are improbable to apprehend their universal struggle and any optimism for unified working class accomplishment is unproductive (Barbera 129).
It is factual that to a convinced degree, classes still verifies voting structures but not to the level, that Marx thought of. Marx postulated that the waged people would develop from being a grouping of persons with universal welfare to an amalgamated set with general ambitions (Marx 26).
The workforce would draw closer to discover their familiar effort and employ the estrangement they experience in the industrious progression to confront the Bourgeoisie. Schism connecting the two classes would enlarge until finally the entire makeup of the public floor into the void. This would facilitate an egalitarian society, which apparently would then espouse collectivism/communism.
The philosophy of Marx does not pertain to the present epoch, as Marx’s explanation of class is not stylish sufficiently for the up to date society. Heilbroner discharge the likelihood of a free society absolutely though his analysis is tautological.
In the near future, there will be persistence of citizens in the central, who do not suit into either the authoritarian sort Marx anticipated as they are beyond the associations of fabrication but do not exert the control of superior class.
Interestingly, affairs do not subsist if there is no manufacturing going on and at the same time, manufacturing cannot survive lacking the resources of production, which remains under the control of Bourgeoisie (Heilbroner 56).
We will write a custom Essay on The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Introducing the employees in undeviating rivalry for the inadequate plunder they could receive ensure that the proletariat would be not gang up collectively and widen class perception in so doing maintain Capitalism.
Capitalism will subsist as long as the low class continue being ignorant of their mistreatment. Cynicism is rising amongst the populace and possibly a form of divergence is rising. The facet of Marx premise that stands pertinent will persist to do so as long as the corporations that abuse manual labor repress the working class.
Works Cited Barbera, Jeans. (2009). The Cost of Capitalism: Understanding Market Mayhem and Stabilizing Our Economic Future, New York: McGraw-Hill Professional.
Brumfiel, Fox (2003) Factional competition and political development in the New World, London: Cambridge University Press.
Heilbroner, Rick. (1999). The Worldly Philosophers 7 Ed. New York, NY: Touchstone Books.
Marx, Karl. (1998). The Communist Manifesto: New Interpretations. M. Cowling, (Ed.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
The White Dilemma in South Africa Analytical Essay essay help: essay help
South Africa is one of the African countries that was for a long time under colonization by the white man. Besides, being colonized, the situation in South Africa was quite bad as there was rampant discrimination of the blacks by the white people which came to be known as apartheid.
There are restaurants, schools, hospitals, shopping malls and recreational centers in South Africa that were a preserve of the whites only. This meant that black people could not get admission under any circumstances. However, in the year 1994, South Africa got independence and this meant that the black people had freedom to do as they willed in their land. Slowly, most of the white people had to live the country but there are those who opted to remain.
This is what presented the dilemma in that how were the white people who remained in South Africa after the apartheid supposed to be treated by the black people who had been ill treated previously by the whites? Were black people going to punish the white people who remained in this country for the heinous acts of discrimination that were committed by their colleagues? This pertinent question is the focus of this discussion and it is based on The Disgrace by J.M. Coetzee.
Looking at the storyline, it is clear that the new South Africa which is free from apartheid is bound to undergo some changes. The black community which was previously oppressed by the white community seems keen to sort of revenge for the actions of discriminations by the white.
It may not be fair because the white people in the new South Africa are not necessarily the ones who were responsible for the apartheid era but nevertheless one would understand the bitterness of a people who were deprived for many years their rights in their own country.
The story begins when David Lurie who is a professor in a university in Cape Town is engaged in an affair with a student and is later accused of sexual harassment. Instead of taking an opportunity to defend himself against allegations leveled against him, Lurie decides to resign and even move from the city to reside with his daughter in the outskirts of the city.
“It’s always complicated, this harassment business, David, complicated as well as unfortunate, but we believe our procedures are good and fair, so we’ll just take it step by step, play it by the book” ( Coetzee, 2000,p. 45) The area where his daughter resides is one that was considered as belonging to the black community during the apartheid era.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More “There is tension from both sides as Lurie begins to stay in black community area. He fears that he may be treated unfairly by the black community who are still angered by the kind of treatment they faced during the apartheid era” (Coetzee 2000). The black community on the other hand is suspicious of this white man who now wants to reside among the blacks a phenomenon that would have been considered impossible during the era of apartheid.
While Lurie is living with his daughter in the province, their neighbor is a black man who has helped Lurie’s daughter on a number of issues. However, Lurie is convinced that the black man has something to do with the rape ordeal which his daughter went through some time back. However, neither Lurie nor his daughter is willing to take any action against the black man.
“As gently as he can, he offers his question again.”Lucy, my dearest, why don’t you want to tell? It was a crime. There is no shame in being the object of a crime. You did not choose to be the object. You are an innocent party.” (Coetzee, 2000, p. 13)
It becomes apparent that there is fear among the whites living in the new South Africa of being persecuted by the black people who obviously want to revenge for the many years of discriminations that they endured during the regime of apartheid. There also seems to be fear in that the whites do not have faith and trust in the institutions that have been set up in the new republic.
Since most of the occupants of the newly formed institutions are blacks, there seems to be a perception by the whites that they are not likely to face justice. This also explains Lurie’s action in the University when accused of sexual harassment.
Instead of taking the earliest opportunity to make a defense against the allegations that have been made against him, Lurie opts to resign. This shows that he may have weighed his options and saw that that since most of the people who will sit in the panel hearing his case are black, he felt that there might be a form of prejudice against him and thus opted out instead.
There also seems to be an ironic twist of events in that the whites seem to be slowly fitting into the shoes of the blacks literary. Due to the intensive level of discrimination that was rife during the era of apartheid in South Africa most people in the black community had sort of resigned to fate and were living in deplorable conditions in the countryside or country districts as they were commonly referred to.
We will write a custom Essay on The White Dilemma in South Africa specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “Now that the era of apartheid is gone and the new South Africa is here, most of the white people had to live the country and for those who opted to remain, they now have to go and live in places that were previously considered for the blacks whose conditions are deplorable to say the least” (Coetzee 2000).
What is coming out very clearly from this discussion is that the white people feel threatened in the new South Africa. The black people might not discriminate the whites as was the case in the apartheid era, but it is without a doubt that the blacks are bound to revenge or at least reclaim what was originally theirs which was taken away from them unjustly. And when that happens, the whites are going to be displaced from their comfort zones which they were used to.
J.M. Coetzee has tried his level best to put the scenario in perspective and has tried to show just how much the white dilemma is still so alive in the new South Africa. A serious look at the issues in South Africa actually reveals a situation much worse that what Coetzee has captured in his book.
Another hard reality that the white people in the new South Africa have had to contend with is that most of the concepts which they had brought with them from the west may become irrelevant as the black people increasingly keep looking for local solutions. (Coetzee 2000).
After very many years under the white man rule where not much development took place for the black people, there is an urge to want to catch up and account for the lost time (Sacks, 1997, p. 56). Government and newly set up institutions seem to be going for local concepts as opposed to the concepts of the white man.
A keen scrutiny of the situation in this country so many years after she got her independence reveals that the wounds of the past appear so fresh and the apparent gap between the whites and black is one that can easily be seen. White dilemma in this African country seems to be deeply rooted among the citizens of this country.
References Coetzee, J. (2000). Disgrace. London: Penguin Books.
Sacks, B. (1997). South Africa: an imperial dilemma: non-Europeans and the British Nation. Mexico: University of New Mexico Press
Not sure if you can write a paper on The White Dilemma in South Africa by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
Crusaders Liberate Nicaea from the Evil Seljuk Turks Descriptive Essay online essay help
Nicaea was a heavily fortified city located fifty miles from Constantinople, one of the cities targeted by Crusaders after Pope Urban II (1088-1099) gave one of the most influential speeches in the Middle Ages of what has befallen fellow Christians in the Holy Land under the aggression of Moslems (The Christian Crusades para. 1).
Even though Moslems had taken command of Constantinople and Jerusalem since 638, the Seljuk Turks took control over the two cities and prevented Christian pilgrims from visiting Jerusalem at a time when the number and frequency of pilgrimages to the city was rising (The Christian Crusades para. 1).
To gain access to the mainland route through Asia Minor to Syria from where Christians could be liberated the from the massacres perpetrated by the Turks in Constantinople and Jerusalem, the Crusaders had to first capture Nicaea, previously a city under Byzantine but which had fallen into the hands of the Seljuk Turks under the leadership of Kilij Arslan 1, the ruler of Seljuk (Halsall para. 1).
Nicaea was sturdily defended by four miles of walls, and its location on a lake side complicated matters further for the Crusaders. As luck would have it, the Crusaders, led by Bohemund, Alemanni and the Bishop of Puy reached Nicaea at a time when Arslan had left behind his wealth and family to join in the war against the Danishmends in central Anatolia.
On May 21 1097, Bohemund commenced the siege of Nicaea from the north, Alemanni from the east, and the Bishop of Puy from the middle, attacking the city so bravely and so ferociously that they even undermined and destroyed one of its walls (Halsall para. 8).
However, the Turks hastily built it the same night to curtail entry. Although attempts to seize the city had occasioned heavy losses from both sides, it was the walls and the lake that presented challenges to the Crusaders as they could neither launch direct attacks into the city due to the walls nor cut off the Turks from getting the much needed supplies and assistance using the lake (Halsall para. 5).
It was at this juncture when the leaders of the Crusaders counseled and undertook to send people to the Emperor of Constantinople to have ships and oxen brought to the fort of Covitote, from where the oxen were to be used to drag the ships over the mountainous ridges until they were in close proximity to the lake (Halsall para. 5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The ships together with Turcopoles and arms dispatched by the Emperor were launched on the lake under the guise of darkness in readiness to attack the city at daybreak. At first, the Turks marveled upon seeing the ships since they could not tell whether they were manned by the own men or the Emperor’s, but they soon chickened out after realizing the ships were ferrying enemy forces (Halsall para. 5).
Surrounded from all fronts and unable to receive any more suppliers and assistance using the lake, the Turks sent a message to the Emperor that they would willingly surrender if permitted to go away with their families and belongings (Halsall para. 6). The Emperor instead ordered them to be brought to Constantinople and on June 19 1097, the Turks in the city surrendered to an army of Alexius.
Works Cited Halsall, P. Medieval Sourcebook: The Siege and Capture of Nicaea: Collected Accounts. 1997. Web.
The Christian Crusades 1095-1291. (n.d.). Web.
Literary analysis on the Canterbury Tales Analytical Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Geoffrey Chaucer, the author of “the Canterbury Tales”, exploits the degeneration, immorality, and subversion of the church. The Roman Catholic Church ruled or dictated the entire Europe by the end of nineteenth century. Besides being popular, the church build its cathedrals (buildings) using expensive metals like gold while the clergy lived a flamboyant lifestyle.
Although catastrophes like diseases, lack of employment, and food shortage marked the nineteenth century eon, the church possessed immense wealth while the clergies and the nuns lived a sedentary life at the expense of the catholic faithful.
Geoffrey Chaucer figures out the immorality and corruption of the church by using the clergy and the Pardoner who seem to be on commercial tour and not a pilgrimage. For instance, the Pardoner works in church and receives donations on behalf of the church but sadly, he does not give the donations to charitable organizations as expected but rather keeps the money for his personal use.
Ironically, he has the audacity to preach against greed yet he not only steals the papal signature to access the church funds, but also sells leaflets, which contain religious quotes like forgiveness and carries the bones of pigs, which he sells claiming they will shield the faithful against the devil.
The narrator taints the ‘reputation’ of the Catholic Church when he describes the immoral behavior of the monk and the priest as greedy persons with little or no intentions to serve the church or God for that matter.
The Friar, an employee of the church as a priest, receives criticism from other people in the town due to his inability to obey celibacy; he has intimate relationships with attractive women or attracts rich men from the town and promotes corruption through acceptance of bribery.
On the other hand, the monk defies the rule of staying in the monastery by wandering aimlessly around and about, which shows his love for food; therefore, the two men reveal the degeneration of morals in the church especially in the priesthood.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through the description of the contrasting characters of the Summoner and the Parson, the narrator is able to draw the picture of the Catholic Church during the nineteenth century. The Summoner is an illiterate, drunkard, and irritating man infected with leprosy, but the church has bestowed him the role to monitor the people who break the catholic rules.
On the other hand, the Parson is a poor man who preaches the word of God and ensures he lives according to the word, therefore, in him the reader sees the character expected from the priests, monks, friars, and other church leaders. Thus, due to extreme corruption in the church, the faithful believers like the Parson live in abject poverty but commit themselves to God, which is contrary to the other clericals or church employees like the Summoner.
In summary, the Catholic faith is one of the ancient believes in the world but due to corruption, unfaithfulness, and moral degradation amongst Catholic leaders, the faith is increasingly becoming unpopular.
The employees like the Summoner and the Pardoner live against the Catholic teachings while the priests, monks, and nuns live a rich lifestyle. Finally, the Catholic leaders live a sedentary, immoral, and rich lifestyle at the expense of their faithful like the Parson who live in extreme poverty.
Analyzing an Editorial: Where the Truth Is Concealed Opinion Essay essay help free
If there is anything that can drive the reader’s attention better than any sensational news, this would be definitely a skillfully written editorial in a newspaper. Because of the complicacy and the controversy of a number of issues raised by the authors of the newspaper editorials, it must be admitted that this piece of the newspaper is bound to offer a plenty of food for the readers’ thoughts.
However, it must be kept in mind that, when missing certain elements that make the stem of a successful argument and presentation of the facts, the author of an editorial, no matter how intriguing the topic is, is likely to fail.
Demonstrating in practice what makes a well-written editorial, one can consider such article as “How to Plan fro the Future”, offered by the New York Times (2011) for the citizen of the United States to have a better understanding of why the process of railroad construction has been slacked so much.
Therefore, the article in question provides sufficient food for thoughts and at the same time is a perfect chance to evaluate its communicative effect on the reader. Rather convincing, the article suggests a number of reasons for the sad prognosis to consider. Indeed, taking into account the number of budget money that have been wasted on less essential issues and the scanty amounts that have been offered to continue the development of the railroad system, the conclusion becomes obvious.
“He [President Obama] wants 80 percent of the nation to have access to high-speed rail in 25 years. That’s not likely to happen with this Congress,” New York Times (2011) says, which is quite logical, taking into account the evidence of the U. S. lack of interest in the railroad development – this is a sad but true fact.
It must be added though that the message underlying the text shows there is still something that can be done to improve the situation. The author of the editorial subtly draws the reader to the fact that the political forces are to unite to encourage the development of the railroad construction.
It must be kept in mind that, building the railroad requires sufficient funds that can be provided only when the rail project is considered essential by each party in the Congress. However, it still could be a better idea to involve the opinion of the “accused”, i.e. the parliament and the President, for the article to sound even more impressive.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Avoiding the probable controversial expressions and making the reader perceive the information as it is, without distorting it, the author of the article contributes to a better insight on the problem of the railroad building in the USA. However, there is certain passage that might cause certain confusion among the readers:
There are many requests, even one from Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a Republican who earlier rejected $810 million of these funds. Now he wants $150 million for a modest rail project between Milwaukee and Chicago (New York Times 2011).
On the one hand, this is obviously a reproach to the member of the Congress; yet on the other hand, this could seem an attempt of a Republican to try to solve the problem and give went to the growing concern for the railroad construction. Therefore, t must be admitted that New York Times (2011) is making its point not as clear as it should be.
But for this small detail that is, not doubt, merely a misconception, the editorial seems to provide an all-embracing consideration of the given problem. Still it is obvious that the key idea of the article is to convince the reader that with the political instability in the country, the future railroad construction and the economical and financial benefits that the latter triggers are impossible. Thus, it is clear that the weakness of the editorial lies in its one-sidedness and the unwillingness to consider the opinion of the opponent.
What is also worth mentioning is that the author of the editorial omits certain information that is crucial for the understanding of the topic. For a good overview of the issue, a historical insight is demanded. Thus, it could be a good idea to mention that the problems concerning the transportation system have always been the sore spot of the USA. In fact, very little proof is demanded to verify this. For instance, according to O’Toole (2009),
Historically, the freight railroads have received very little federal aid: only 18,700 of 260,000 miles of rail lines built in the United States received federal subsidies. At least some congressional Democrats see federal aid to railroads as a means of reregulating the industry, which was deregulated in 1979 (86).
With such information to back the key argument of the article, it becomes evident that the problem is essential indeed, and that the attempts to resolve it have been taken since the distant 1970.
We will write a custom Essay on Analyzing an Editorial: Where the Truth Is Concealed specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, it can be considered that the article lacks certain information, yet no one can accuse the author of distorting the facts. With help of the verified facts placed in the necessary order, New York Times (2011) managed to draw the public’s attention to another important issue on the agenda of the USA political and social life.
Reference List “How to Plan fro the Future.” New York Times, April 20, 2011. Retrieved from: www.nytimes.com/2011/04/21/opinion/21thu1.html?_r=2
EKEN Power Bands Report essay help site:edu
Executive Summary Considering the international relations from the trading position, we have chosen the idea of confronting of the Australian market and the American market with the purpose to help Australian EKEN Power Bands brand expend at the international arena.
We are going to consider the product and its significance at the Australian and US markets, identify competitors, check the options for entering international markets and expand there, underline the country of product origin and the consumers behaviour there, consider American consumer ethnocentrism and animosity, point to the market segmentation, target audience and positioning and on the basis of this information highlight international marketing mix and other related factors with the recommendations EKEN Power Bands should follow if it wants to enter international market and expand there.
Having chosen a good advertising strategy, offering unique bands, an office in Los Angeles, creating positive public image in the country of origin and correspondence to the newest technological developments may result in high consumer activities and raise of selling rates in the USA.
Country-of-Origin, Consumer Ethnocentrism and Consumer Animosity Country-of-origin
Australia is the country which produces EKEN Power Bands and is considered to be its place or origin. The country is developed in the relation to sport, but it seems to be seasonal and the company wants to provide year cycle business.
Australian customers are rather prejudiced to the innovation. Much influence is provided by mass media, but the credibility of their impact is rather doubtful. The Australian market is full of sceptical views, the media is a powerful weapon in persuading the minds of people. The negative effect from such news is obvious.
Once the news reported that “A Wristband claiming to boost strength, balance and flexibility has been exposed as a fake” (Mawby, N 2010), people have taken the same side. However, mass media offers minimum reasons and it is impossible to draw conclusions about the reasonableness of such statement (Dowling
Concept of the International Alliances in Modern World Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction International alliances involves close association of countries or states which is normally created with an aim to integrate and develop common goals such as trade, peace or even improve issues of national security (Worldbank.com).
State-building on the other hand is a concept that “describes the construction of a functioning state” (Worldbank.com). This approach of developing countries has been used historically in many countries in many States in Western Europe especially during the nineteenth century (Worldbank.com).
These two concepts are interconnected in that an association between a country and other countries what is commonly known as international alliance usually creates a dilemma in trying to solve the notion of state-building. The following discussion will analyze these two concepts in Afghanistan country which happens to be our case of focus in this paper.
Discussion Afghanistan as a country has been under a crisis of war for a period of about two decades which ended shortly after the fall of a rebel group popularly known as the Taliban. Notably, a big population of the Afghanistan citizen in fact over one million civilians died during the war in addition to other factors that have been affecting the countries since then (Worldbank.com).
Besides, Afghanistan has over the years been affected by disasters such as famine that affected the agriculture sector that caused severe personal loss and loss of life. In addition to this, there was the problem with mine explosions that were scattered everywhere which caused great damage to roads and irrigation canals consequently causing human displacement for million of the Afghanistan population and destroying the infrastructure (Worldbank.com).
As a result of this crisis, Afghanistan became temporary non-functional since the administrative system was paralyzed in terms of “policy making, service delivery and revenue collection” (Worldbank.com). Because of these challenges, the citizens and the government of Afghanistan together with other countries made a commitment to make the necessary changes in order to rebuild Afghanistan State with the help of US government which facilitated the reconstruction of the country by funding it (Worldbank.com).
Since then, there have been a lot of attempts to restore the Afghanistan State to its original form after the war crisis. With a lot of structures having been destroyed, the post-war reconstruction program was launched in 2001 funded by the US government that offered international assistance to the Afghanistan State because it was economically unable to rebuild itself especially due to international sanctions that it was also facing at the time (Worldbank.com).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To some extent there has been some progress of state-building in Afghanistan but as a result of numerous challenges, the program has deteriorated over years. The major challenges facing Afghanistan are issue to do with poor governance, corruption, lack of accountability and insecurity poor security (Hdr.undp.org).
Conclusion State building as a program should be addressed with a lot of concern putting into consideration all the challenges that might arise during its implementation. Mostly, there is conflict of ideas between the stakeholders and this poses many challenges to successes of such a project. Besides, any concerned government should intervene in order to address issues of accountability or transparency which usually hampers the success of the State building process; this is why a State cannot be build.
Works Cited Worldbank.com. “Afghanistan: Supporting State-building and Development, 2011.” Web..
Worldbank.com. “Dilemmas of state building in Afghanistan, 2011. Web.
Hdr.undp.org. “State building and human development, 2010.” Web.
History and Social Context of the Author Essay best college essay help
John Maxwell Coetzee, a renowned writer and academic from South Africa, has recently moved to Australia where he has become a citizen. His background and experiences both in South Africa and outside have influenced greatly on the themes that he chooses to portray in all his literary works. For instance, in his narrative ‘Disgrace’, Coetzee seems inspired by the political situation in his home country South Africa with the happenings in the novel reflecting those of the post- apartheid South Africa.
The historical context of his motherland as well as his own experiences significantly influences the themes, characters and the writing style that he adopts in his works. The unfolds Coetzee’s background as reflected in the novel ‘Disgrace’ with the intention of determining its contribution to the account he presents in the novel.
Coetzee came into the international limelight through his constant criticism of the US policy in Vietnam thus explaining the candid manner in which the post apartheid South Africa stands out in the novel. In the account, Coetzee enters the mind of his main character, the twice-divorced scholar, David Lurie, telling the story of the experiences that the character goes through.
David Lurie, as portrayed by Coetzee struggles with the societal impediments at the expense of the fulfillment of his personal sexual desires. Upon his firing from his job as a professor in Cape Town, he instead decides to go and live with his daughter, a Romantic literature specialist, in Salem. A worse experience enters when violence attacks and Lucy Lurie, the daughter, is gang-raped by three black men.
The crime and poverty depicted in this novel reflect the real incidences of post apartheid South Africa with the rates doubling each passing day. Murders and carjacking rates increased especially during the years after Nelson Mandela became the president. This depicts the manner of reception of the novel by the South African government: It suffered a good deal of criticism based on its portrayal of the country as in a pessimistic condition.
The writing style that Coetzee uses in this novel is that of third person narration. He does this deliberately with the intention of portraying fine details as the style gives him the chance to present not only Lurie’s spoken words but also his thoughts.
With the style, Coetzee stands a good position to depict clearly the context of the story, which seems inspired by his history while in South Africa. Since Lurie’s experiences, passions, desires and discourse guide the audience into understanding the conditions as they stood then, Coetzee’s input appears clear in each one of them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The characters that Coetzee creates in this novel seem inspired by the conditions that he feels make sense to him. For instance, the main character David Lurie in this novel stands as a university Professor the same as Coetzee himself. This shows how Coetzee tells the story in the context that he understands best. This character’s discourse is scholarly and he is generally portrayed as a thinking character.
To some extent, the reader can argue that Coetzee gets the chance to tell his own story through the character of David Lurie. The claim stands out through certain events that shape the character’s life.
For instance, despite his specialty being in Romantic poetry in the university where he teaches, he receives a demotion into a Communications professor with only one elective course to teach per semester because of the demolition of his department of modern languages based on the policies issued by the government to rationalize educational resources.
This indicates the beginning of the professor’s displacement long before he chooses to go to exile in Salem. Associating the experiences of Lurie to his general life reveals his spending of most of his career years teaching in alien countries rather than his own and later his adoption of a new nationality. The professor David Lurie has experienced divorce two times, a case that also rhymes with the life of Coetzee.
The historical racial tensions that dominated the post apartheid South Africa form a very important discussion in this novel. However, despite his absence at that particular time of happening of these injustices, the experiences of the whites in the hands of black criminals was indescribable.
Considering that Coetzee had relatives back in South Africa, he constantly followed the social and political happenings in South Africa from abroad. In the novel, Lurie’s daughter has to give up her sexual freedom to pay the price of owning property in her own country. Lurie says that it was “…a risk to own anything: a car, a pair of shoes, and a packet of cigarettes. Not enough to go around, not enough cars, shoes, cigarettes” (Coetzee 245).
Her sexual orientation provides the evidence that Coetzee creates characters to represent highly sensitive matters such as human rights. He in fact stands out as a strong crusader of human rights and equality regardless of the person’s ethnicity, sexual orientation or political ideologies.
We will write a custom Essay on History and Social Context of the Author specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Having a clear knowledge of the background of Coetzee is inevitable when one wants to understand the book, which reflects his experiences and ideologies. This stands out through his style of writing, the characters that he creates in the book and through the themes that he tackles.
Works Cited Coetzee, John. Disgrace. London: Secker
The Republic Concept Essay essay help: essay help
A republic is a nationhood that does not observe direct nevertheless it has a structure of administration in which some significant members of the group retain the supreme control over the government. They make decisions in reference to established law other than the head of states.
“The word republic is derived from a Latin phrase, ‘res publica,’ which means public affairs”. Often a republic is seen as a sovereign state, though this should not be mistaken with other sub-national units that are described as to as a republic, or that have government that is described as “republican” in form.
For example, Article IV of the Constitution of the United States “guarantees to every State in this Union a Republican form of Government. The Soviet Union was a single state made up of discrete and ostensibly sovereign Soviet Socialist Republics”. In many contexts, the term republic normally refers to a system of government that gets its powers from the governed rather than from default or excessive means, for instance inheritance or divine right.
“Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Montesquieu supported the idea of a republic, and recommended on the city-states of Greece as models” Nonetheless, both also opined that a nation state like France, with a population of 20 million, was impractical to be administered as a republic. “Rousseau explained his ideal political structure of small autonomous communes, however Montesquieu noted that a city state was principally a republic, but held that a partial monarchy was more suited for to a large nation.”
In 1995, a Princeton survey research association conducted an interview randomly to adults where people were asked how much they trusted their government to do the right thing, 21 percent said most of the time, 71 percent said only on sometimes. They were again asked the same question about their state government the result were slightly better since 30 percent said most of the time while 62 percent said only sometimes.
From these results we can conclude that the American people believe that their government is not doing the right thing in many of actions it takes. We know that nobody is perfect in this world but this numbers are so high resulting into some questions that needs answers such as, What caused this problem in the United States, what is the extend of this problem in our country, and is this distrust of our government even a serious problem at all?
The answer to these questions cannot be easily found reason being there is no exact cause of the problem that can be pinpointed though people claim that it is as a result of poor leadership. Two of the biggest drops in the public’s confidence in the government occurred in 1964, during the bombing of Vietnam, and in 1972 during Watergate (Nye) during the time President Johnson and President Nixon were in power.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Although these two events may have contributed to the distrust of the American government, it does not necessarily mean that they are fully responsible to what is happened. This happened 20 years ago and cannot be the cause of distrust to date because for one reason, the act of mistrust of the government has been growing consistently and cannot be compared to before. Therefore the problem cannot be pegged to the two leaders but the entire American political leaders.
Another survey was done in a 1995 where 35 percent of the respondents viewed the main reason why they did not trust the federal government is that politicians lack honesty and integrity another 45 percent said politicians are not concerned with the interests and well-being of the people. This results clearly show that there is no way people can trust there government as a whole if they do not trust those who make up the government.
To know how wide spread the problem of distrust is in the American government ABC News polling organization did seven different polls between 1985-1987 asking, “How much of the time do you trust the government in Washington to do what is right?” Between 56-62 percent said sometimes or never. In 1994, polls results showed that 15 percent of the American public had confidence in the federal government and only 30 percent had confidence in their state and local government.
Distrust in United States government is not mainly from a small segment of people mainly the poor as many people think because from the research conducted we can see that Americans have very little trust in their political leaders.
It is clear distrust of the government by the people and this poses serious problems when it comes to governance and cooperation. Many people state that the cynicism and distrust in America are not a problem at all.
People say that mistrust of government has been around since the country’s beginning and is nothing to worry about they farther believe that America was founded with a mistrust of government that is king George of England.
Another opinion is that people value the constitution so much even though they do not trust the every day activities of the government, 80% of Americans believe United States as the best place in the world to live and 19% say that they like the democratic system of government. Thy e fact that not all the Americans actions are mistrusted gives hope to the citizens to gain back trust in there government.
We will write a custom Essay on The Republic Concept specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The majority of people do not trust their government and its causes are varied. This trend, though it can be related to the type of politicians that are being elected in the country and the people’s feelings towards those officials.
Although some do not believe it is really a problem, it would be nice to be able to place some faith and trust is the people who lead and direct this country. It appears that the only way to do that is to elect individual people that we can trust and the only way to accomplish that is to become educated on the issues and vote.
Works Cited Adams, Paul. “Republicanism in Political Rhetoric Before 1776.” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 85, No. 3 (Sep., 1970): pp. 397–421. Print.
Anderson, Lisa. “Absolutism and the Resilience of Monarchy in the Middle East.” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 106, No. 1 (Spring, 1991): pp. 1–15. Print.
Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1967.
Everdell, William. The End of Kings: A History of Republics and Republicans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. Print.
Everdell, William. The End of Kings: A History of Republics and Republicans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. Print.
Finer, Samuel. The History of Government from the Earliest Times. Oxford University Press, 1999. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Republic Concept by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gelderen, Martin
Environmental Science: “Designing Cities for People” by Lester Brown Reflective Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The Plan B given by Lester Brown reaches its climax in chapter six of the text entitled “Designing Cities for People’. In this chapter, Brown talks about the different alternatives that cities have adopted to make the environment safe and conducive for human existence. Most city designs done earlier on had adopted plans, which aimed at ensuring mobility by designing them to accommodate as many cars as possible.
These designs however come to fail considering the doubling fact of the ownership of cars each passing day as the population increases and the designs remaining as they are. The presence of the cars therefore contributes towards immobility rather than enhancing the expected mobility.
The chapter “Designing Cities for People” explores the different alternatives employed by major city administrators to ensure that the decongestion of cities as well as the curbing of pollution and ultimately giving the health of the city residents a priority. The most innovative alternative as far as I am concerned is the use of bicycles as a means of enhancing mobility.
Bicycles have helped decongest several cities considering that a number of bicycles can use a path or the space that only one vehicle can use. Another outstanding benefit of considering the bicycle as the most viable option in the quest for decongesting cities and making them conducive for human existence is that bicycles do not emit gases that can cause respiratory problems to people.
To curb the obesity pandemic and the early onset of diabetes in countries such as the US, the people need to consider the biking option with seriousness since it provides a good way of exercising.
The problem of settlements is another challenge that cities are facing more so those in developing countries. Considering that most people are leaving the rural areas in search of opportunities of good life in urban centers, the problem of rural-urban migration has greatly caught most city designers off guard.
Most of the people who come to the cities do so based on economic constraints that force them to squat in risky areas such as riverbanks and steep slopes, a thing that makes it impossible for city planners to provide them with basic social amenities. The most viable solution to this problem that authorities in developing countries should adopt is a system whereby they encourage people to live in the rural areas by making their lives comfortable while there.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through making social amenities cheap and easy to access for the people as well as employment opportunities, the rates that people will move with to urban centers will definitely be low making it easy to deal with the problem of emerging shanties and slums.
By adopting control measures such as those adopted by Enrique Peñalosa, the mayor of the city of Bogota, many problems that threaten the lives of innocent people in cities through pollution as well as the inconveniences caused by traffic jams can be completely dealt with.
One important thing that this mayor stands out for is his insistence on the importance of parks in cities. As he says, these amenities “are important for the physical and emotional health of a city”.
Many city planners are however failing to understand the magnitude of this statement in that many of them are changing the city parks into parking lots, interpreted as killing the cities emotionally as these places are important for they make the people who come to them and enjoy the tranquility feel equal as put forth by Peñalosa.
Visiting the National Gallery of Art Descriptive Essay essay help online free
Introduction Since the very humble beginnings of human civilization man has had ways of expressing his feelings and emotions about others, his society, environments, and significant historical events like battles with other communities or immigration episodes as well as his normal and bizarre imaginations.
These ways range from music, literary works to creative works of art like paintings. For instance, during Stone Age period man did Rock Art whereby he painted on the walls of his cave dwellings the animals he hunted and tools that he was making among other thrilling experiences in his life and lives of his ancestors as he understood it from those who narrated it to him.
Art has been a major component of all human civilizations world over and has evolved alongside other aspects of our cultures to an extent that today the most talented creative artists like painters and musicians are celebrated individuals who hold esteemed social status envied by many. The purpose of this task is to discuss three works of art identified during my visit to the National Gallery of Art.
Themes in Works of Art Every human action is underpinned by a certain motive. In other words, whatever man engages in is fundamentally a means of expressing his thoughts, interests and aspirations. Arguably then, man’s historical and present tangible achievements is a manifestation of his thoughts and aspirations. Works of art is a perfect means through which man expresses his feelings, ideas and perceptions about every aspect of his life.
This fact explains why documented and well preserved works of art are reliable sources of information for historians and other scholars like anthropologists and artists seeking to understand certain aspects of peoples’ culture in the past. In a nut shell, all works of art are thematic in the sense that they have meaning which a keen observer can decipher as illustrated in the following works of art discussed in this task.
The Battle of La Hogue (1778)
Benjamin West painting titled The Battle of La Hogue is a classic piece of creativity. It was painted in 1778. The Battle of La Hogue is a historical painting. This painting is a depiction of the feud that ensued when Louis XIV of France attempted d to restore his fellow Catholic James II to the throne of England.
After nine years Benjamin West used his artistic prowess to give a picture of the patriotic scene that has been dismissed by critics as a mere propaganda. Thematically, this painting represents turbulent political and power happenings in Western European countries as well as the role that religion was playing in politics.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mortlake Terrace (1827)
Mortlake Terrace painting is an 1827 art work by Joseph Mallord William Turner. Mortlake Terrace painting is an environmental portrait. This painting portrays Mortlake Terrace which was situated next to the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew.
It is a perfect representation of British topography of the early 1880s.Thematically, this piece is a show of the artist feeling and perception of the changing British landscapes.
The Death of the Earl of Chatham (1779)
The Death of the Earl of Chatham was done by the Boston-based portraitist John Singleton Copley in 1779.This painting is a representation of the tragic death of William Pitt, the 1st Earl of Chatham on April 1778.In the middle of his speech during a discussion about colonial radicals, Pitt suffered from stroke and met his death one month later.
His death meant a lot because he was one of the leading British ambassadorial moderates during the important American War of independence. Thematically, it is a representation of politics of those time and those who were driving the political agendas of the day.
Conclusion Art is an important component of our culture which offers talented individuals a perfect means through which to manifest our feelings and emotions about all aspects of our life. It offers people an opportunity for people to portray their thoughts and aspirations as well as those of the early members of the society.
It captures perfectly our experiences and perceptions regarding everything that we encounter in our day to day activities Lazzari and Schlesier (2006).
Works Cited Lazzari, Margaret and Schlesier, Dona. Exploring art: a global, thematic approach. Belmont, CA: Thomson, 2006. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Visiting the National Gallery of Art specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Cadbury and Kraft Merger Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Porters five force model
Balanced Score card approach (BSC)
Introduction Mergers and acquisitions are sometimes a worthy undertaking for businesses. When Kraft foods acquired Cadbury it became the worlds largest confectionary, food and beverage manufacture with operations in almost 160 countries of the world (Cadbury 33-41).
Mostly, business executives when formulating, implementing or monitoring strategies usually use the porter’s model to determine their business move so that they can move their business to industries that are highly attractive. It is with the same technique that Cadbury and Kraft use to make sure that every business move of theirs is justified and highly logical because it is dangerous to make business decisions that lack weight.
Once top managers land in the industries which seem most suitable it is up to use their management skills to ensure that they coordinate their business ambitions for other organizations with lower level managers through communication. Communication is therefore a very important part of business especially when companies are very large company’s operating in numerous countries.
When Kraft took over Cadburys for $ 19 billion it was clear that the top management of Kraft Foods had sufficient data indicating that the business move would be a lucrative venture that would take Kraft’s dominance in that industry to another new level (Lieberman
The Process of “Thinking about Thinking” Expository Essay college admission essay help
Critical thinking is defined as the “intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action” (Criticalthinking.org, p. 1).
This definition comes from the National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking and is the most comprehensive to date.
In simpler terms, critical thinking is usually defined as the process of “thinking about thinking”. This description means that critical thinking is the process of observing thinking, and trying to understand whether it is rational or fallacious.
Critical thinking has developed over the last three millennia through the endeavors of philosophers who, in an effort to determine whether claims to knowledge were credible, tried to investigate issues using logical consistency. This philosophical approach was especially common in ancient Greece where a philosophical school hitherto unsurpassed thrived for several centuries since ancient times.
The process of transferring rational thought from the hallowed halls of academia to the public realm and ordinary discussions was also greatly facilitated by the global explosion of universities over the last 100 years.
The greatest spur to critical thinking among the ordinary global populace was facilitated by American philosopher and educational reformer John Dewey, who introduced the branch of knowledge to American education in the early 1900s, “So faithfully did Dewey live up to his own philosophical creed that he became the guide, the mentor, and the conscience of the American people: it is scarcely an exaggeration to say that for a generation no major issue was clarified until Dewey had spoken” (Casil, 2006, p. 14).
Later, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) encouraged teaching of the subject in universities across the world, leading to increased adoption or rationalism among the global population.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, ordinary people being trained as professionals were inducted into the processes of rational reflection within their studies. This spread rationalism into the public domain in every nation that has a modicum of higher education.
Critical thinking involves a number of processes which can be briefly summarized as; accepting problems and seeking their solutions; seeking related information to possible solutions; appreciating existing assumptions and trying to expose all of them; identifying similarities or differences in arising propositions; drawing conclusions from the aforementioned related proposition; testing conclusions; and adapting thinking to the new knowledge.
A personal example of the application of critical thinking comes from my work in the media four years ago. A local Non-governmental organization (NGO) that was advocating for the legalization of abortion brought a statistical report to our newspaper in the hope that it would be serialized over a number of days. When the editors obtained the report they gave it to me since I am trained in statistical analysis.
Our stated problem was that illegal abortions were too many and thus justifying legalization of the process since “they are going to happen whether you like it or not”, they said. The assumption in this case was that the statistics were credible, and all we had to do was proceed with the serialization.
The comparable numbers that we could rely on were the birth and death rates of children in Kenya. If the statistics of the report were credible then what it meant was that Kenya had a negative population growth which the National Planning Ministry had discounted a few months earlier.
Our conclusion was that the report was either shoddily prepared or deliberately tampered with to misinform. As a result the newspaper became increasingly vigilant whenever such reports were passed on to us and to this day it rarely serializes such publications.
Critical thinking has been the most powerful force behind the adaptation of democracy in most countries across the world over the last 70 years. The recognition that dictatorship, the loss of freedom, poverty, ignorance, and disease go hand-in-hand with irrationalism has facilitated the birth of an age of freedoms and development unparalleled in the history of mankind.
We will write a custom Essay on The Process of “Thinking about Thinking” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The trickle-down effect of dialogue, which is entirely based on rational thought, has precipitated an improvement in quality of life never seen before. Knowledge, science and technology have spread far and wide as humanity abandons superstition and unscientific thinking for reason
Critical thinking now faces a bright future with more and more swathes of humanity embracing its tenets. In the Middle-East, ordinary citizens in three different countries took to the streets in peaceful protests and ejected their long-serving dictator rulers, heralding a new era of freedom, democracy, dialogue, and hopefully, good governance.
Elsewhere, scientists are busy seeking solutions to numerous global problems such as disease, scarcity of energy, famine, drought and many other challenges. All these efforts are the result of a new rational thought that has been triggered by the adoption of critical thinking processes.
Reference List Casil, A. S. (2006). John Dewey: The Founder of American Liberalism. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group.
Criticalthinking.org. (n.d.). Defining Critical Thinking. Retrieved from Critical Thinking Community: http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/766