Ferco was first founded in Singapore in 1983. The company began as an installer and dealer in smolder curtains, industrialized gates, and fire rated shutters. In 1990, the company began manufacturing roller shutters in the country. The manufacturing company eventually moved to Malaysia to supply the mounting market demands. Currently, Ferco is an installer, producer, and distributor of shutters used in manufacturing, housing, and trade. The Underwriters Laboratories (UL) and British Standards (BS) license Ferco.
The United Arab Emirates Civil Defense and the Singapore Civil Defense approved this company for licensing. The company is capable of serving customers with diverse requests across the globe. Ferco achieved this through expansion and conducting various focused studies. The company has acquired the most support compared to other corporations through fire testing laboratories.
However, to reinforce the company collection strategies, Ferco is seeking to acquire the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 EHS certifications. Ferco established a facility in Dubai in fiscal 2006 to supply the Asian marketplace. By 2013, a factory will be established in India. In the Dubai facility, the company fabricates numerous roller and fire shutters.
Ferco is focused on becoming a service producer, distributor, designer, maintainer, and installer. The plant in Malaysia enables the company to provide seating answers to both the United Arab Emirates and Singapore. That is, seats used in film areas, learning institutions, theatres, sports arena, meeting and games halls.
The Department of Quality, Safety, and Human Resources The department conducts experimentation, disbursement, and decline of all the received, but unprocessed packing materials, in-process, and completed products as per the stipulations
The department is responsible for retaining experimental reports according to the universal measures on unprocessed packing materials, midway, and completed products as per the stipulations
The department is responsible for validating the analytical methods
The department ensures that the employees follow the protection standards at all stages when operating in the manufacturing area
By using the placed requests and known approaches, the department writes test plans
The department conducts test crusades each time whenever feasible to fit in the general development plan
The department reports the outcomes to the Quality Assurance manager besides raising notification whenever a significant matter puts the entire plan at risk
The department is tasked with implementing the value control strategies and arrangements for ensuring efficient operations in the industry
The department is accountable for the development and maintenance of quality values that are relevant to the industry by guaranteeing proper completion
The department approves and reviews inspections, value control strategy, and test strategies from the operators and engineers
The department informs the management of the crisis cases that occurred in the company plants.
The Department of Engineering The department looks for novel values and procedures by utilizing arithmetical and technical ideas, as well as experimental methods and inductive interpretations.
The department is solving problems through reasoning and inventiveness
The department is applying the outcomes of the study to the functional plans and the outstanding diagnostic expertise to itemize computer literature
The department is responsible for planning and prioritizing works to meet the time limit when working under stress
The department thinks of the approaches that could minimize the expenditure of the project besides investigating the spending problems
The department is cautious of future interest when applying high-quality decisions and acknowledging accountability
The department converses with various departments and functions well with multi-disciplinary players
The department works with mainframe software in designing and building innovative machines
The staffs in the department study and utilize mainframe software in developing and testing novel equipment using software such as version 8.5 and concrete mechanism. The department utilizes software versions and programs in different machines such as Auto Machinery Programming, C programming language, Java programming language, and Programming language for CNC Machine
The department is responsible for selecting techniques, spelling out supplies, and choosing forms to suit the scientific necessities to accomplish the performance requirements
The department is responsible for planning the location, and shaping actions which will inexpensively and securely generate the preferred value. The department also instructs the positioning of resources and manages the workforce and apparatus.
The experts in the department interpret the production drawings and rectify the inaccuracies, including the geometry verification of the drawing and supplying the same to the personnel. In this regard, the experts ensure that the workers understand the strategies used to implement the drawings.
The departmental team drafts the Experts Engineering statement and credentials for specific works to be presented to the organization management or the customers.
The employees in the department analyze the client demands and recommend the components to be used in meeting the requests cost-effectively. They are also charged with the responsibility of resolving associated challenges. These include conducting special tests on materials selected for the projects such as the ocular microscope check, rigidity assessment, metallurgy examination, and elasticity test.
The departmental team is responsible for conducting the process control method including the processability, undesirable control, unmanageable, and process control
The Department of Service and Maintenance The department provides care, protection, and environmental development, including servicing, controlling field and attending to the University repair crisis.
This department is also responsible for the following:
The preparation and development of the intended and unexpected duties
The utilization of Matlab software in working out any mechanical releases within the company facilities
The diagnosis of breakdown challenges
Conducting the excellence assessment test at work
Cooperating with other divisions and consumers
Controlling the repair gear, equipment, and warehouse
The supervision and calculation of the preservation overheads
Drafting the repair plans to facilitate the fitting and commissioning instructions
Maintaining administration procedures that include decision-making
Supporting and managing the designated systems
The alteration and substitution of non-purchasing commodities
Reporting all damages in the company facilities through the proficiently written procedural reports
Conducting remedial maintenance and finding sources of the ensuing problems
Replacing the faulty machinery parts used to manufacture equipment
Controlling and evaluating manufacturing machines to assess whether they function appropriately
Work placement from my personal opinion has been an essential part of the learning process. The assertion is based on the claims made regarding the knowledge required and the work basics of any specific career. The work placement presents individuals with opportunities to learn about their career of choice upon successful completion of education.
The outcomes of work placement often reflect the diverse expectations in the participatory employment experience plan. Inherently, the occupational experience is considered as a chance to be dynamically engrossed in a specific occupation, which one may be interested. Besides, it involves the investigation of the ability necessary to carry out the assigned tasks. Work experience presents one with the familiarity regarding what the future may hold.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The experience in work placement assisted me in comprehending what Mechatronics Engineering is as well as what such engineers perform. Moreover, I learned the application of mental and physical acquaintance whenever faced with life challenges. I also learned strategies for managing the different crisis as a competent engineer. I am now aware of what is expected in the career and determined to pursue the aforementioned profession.
Generally, I cherished the occupation experience given that I got contented with the first-class outcomes and acquaintance acquired from Ferco Shutters. Indeed, the occupation practice appeared useful as it gave me various imperative thoughts concerning the occupation of my choice.
I realized some of my weak points, such as when dealing with managers, making rapport or dealing with new individuals, and communication skills. Employees at Ferco Shutters work in teams. Seeing the results of employees working in teams made me realize the importance of teamwork compared to people working as individuals.
While going through the twelve weeks of job placement, I worked with qualified engineers from the Seating Systems and Ferco Shutters. The engineers guided me to acquire helpful knowledge. I was committed on how to review venture aspects that were carried out by numerous qualified Ferco Shutters engineers.
I employed personal scientific skills, numerical, electronic, automatic, and wide-ranging knowledge that I gained while studying to answer and explore challenges. In case problems emerged, I employed personal dilemma cracking ability plus the supervisor’s advice to attain first-class answers. Communication skills along with the ability to use the internet played a significant role in handling the venture.
Throughout the twelve weeks of work placement, I worked through the assistance accorded to me by the qualified engineers to gain the precious skill. I practiced the assessment of venture designing when the mechanical engineers were drawing such projects. I employed personal mechanical and arithmetical skills to test such designing and whether they complied or hardly adhered to the standards. I tested whether it was harmless and devoid of faults.
While at Ferco throughout the twelve weeks, I enhanced most of my skills. For instance, I improved contact with a team of engineers, data recording, and management capacities, as well as comprehending the principled and expert accountability.
We will write a custom Report on Ferco Company’s Quality, Safety, and Human Resources specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The capacity to operate efficiently, the ability to understand experts’ feelings and power to generational education were also developed. Cooperation helped me throughout job commitments. Teamwork assisted me in completing all ventures. Accomplishing the ventures required excellent organization expertise and comprehending the enhanced moral accountability.
Nevertheless, gaining such aptitudes forced me to communicate with my administrator to study all the concepts. While I was there, I learned the information recording and management strategies; the efficient communication approaches used while working with a team of engineers and the entire society.
I realized that I possess the inventiveness and novelty ability, as well as the capacity to comprehend expert and principled accountability. Indeed, I can remain committed to them. Finally, I learned how to operate successfully within multicultural and multidisciplinary teams as well as an entity. I can be a resourceful manager, administrator, and a useful group affiliate.
Ethical Concerns and Technological Progress Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000
Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978
Introduction Technological advances have contributed to several ethical concerns. These ethical concerns threatened to destroy the trust and responsibility among humanity. The consequences of these ethical concerns necessitated the establishment of several acts that would offer appropriate control and limitation in use and misuse of technology.
Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the advances in information technology that resulted in the establishment of new acts to control ethical concerns. The acts explored in this paper include the Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000 and the Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978.
Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000 The use of the internet as a communication tool has developed tremendously in the last decade. Reflectively, it has grown to encompass the aspect of information exchange and the creation of cultures by special interest groups. Same as face-to-face communication, internet media can reverse a group’s view of life either positively or negatively.
If the content directed to an audience is demystifying, the final effect over some time is the same. Before the introduction of the Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000, very little regulation existed on protecting the minor against exposure to explicit sexual or violent material via the internet. Pornography is an erotic representation material that is solely designed for instigating sexual arousal (Federal Communications Commission, 2010).
In the legal language, obscenity is an offensive act that interferes with morals and is unlimited, that may target the minors. On the other hand, adult pornography is has limited access to adults and may be in the form of magazines, erotic books, recordings, and films that have parental advisory messages indicating the age of viewers. Therefore, it was necessary to establish an act that would define the boundary of internet material users.
Through banning internet obscenity and pornography directed to minors, the Supreme Court endeavored to protect the moral of the society from decay as a result of unlimited explicit contents that may directly corrupt the minds of juveniles and other young irresponsible persons who may be easily swayed by what they see.
Thus, by banning, obscenity, the Supreme Court was reaffirming the rights of the society to protect its moral views and norms that would not arguer well its set limits of behavior since obscenity consists of materials that appeal to prurient interest and are utterly lacking redeeming the social value. Besides, these materials or acts are patently offensive since they affront community contemporary standards and valueless to the moral cycles of the societal building blocks (Federal Communications Commission, 2010).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The issue of decency was meant to protect minors from X rated content that would create fantasy, false judgment, and lead to a certain behavior that is not acceptable in society. Thus, the Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000 was informed by the rising abuse of internet use freedom by decadent bodies that were disseminating explicit content through the internet to young people below the legal adult age bracket.
As a result, the Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000 introduced criminal sanctions to a party or parties who knowingly “(A) uses an interactive computer service to send to a specific person or persons under 18 years of age, or (B) uses any interactive computer service to display in a manner available to a person under 18 years of age, any comment, request, suggestion, proposal, image, or other communication that, in context, depicts or describes, in terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards, sexual or excretory activities or organs” (Federal Communications Commission, 2010, p. 02).
Thus, the Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000 was initiated to counter the rising cases of internet sources abuse directed to the minors. This act targeted restoration of morality and decency in the society and protection of the minors from inappropriate internet materials that are easily accessible just by a click of the button.
Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978 In contemporary society, internet transaction has grown rapidly into the most preferred means of transaction. Since internet transaction surpasses the boundaries of the judiciary, several critical issues arise. The first major challenge is formulating a balanced legal obligation that involves more than one law.
For instance, managing the geographical location of the agreement may prove challenging, especially when the same involves countries with different laws on the same. Besides, establishing universal acceptance formalities and verifiable content such as acceptance evidence and signatures are difficult to keep for future reference. Also, there are no clear laws regulating contract agreements for international internet transactions. Moreover, litigation and arbitration venue may not be defined (Lloyd, 2009).
Specifically, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978 was initiated following the technological development of electronic means of transferring funds. Among the methods that became possible through technological advancement include transfer through ATM, debit cards, among other automated bank withdrawals. Several instances of fraud were reported across the globe as many dishonest agencies and parties involved themselves in fraudulent activities in the course of transferring funds.
To minimize the unethical behavior, the act was introduced in 1978 as a means and a remedy of correcting and regulating errors in transactions done via electronic ways. Besides, the act was intended to provide a uniform platform for liability allocation and limiting losses as a result of loopholes in these forms of funds transfer such as stealing of cards, inconsistent recording, and general fraud (Lloyd, 2009).
We will write a custom Essay on Ethical Concerns and Technological Progress specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since the introduction of computers had reduced paper checks, which acted as the tangible evidence and legal tender for fund transfer, there was an urgent need for regulation. The electronic fund’s transfer explosion necessitated the need for a universality accepted standards that would accord customers with the same degree of confidence as was the case with the paper checks. The act generally provided a sixty days window for correction of any errors or canceled transfers without any serious losses.
The introduction of the Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978 provided an ideal ground for an accepted code of identification and comparative methods of acceptance, reception, and authorization of electronic devices used in the transfer of funds.
Through the disclosure requirement, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978 has made it very easy to follow up on the source of fund, the recipient and even the intermediary bank to ensure that the regulations on transfer of funds via electronic means are not abused. Also, the act provides for a mandatory 2-year window for safe storage of all documentation to ensure compliance to e-transfers (Lloyd, 2009).
Generally, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978 was introduced to minimize abuse of technology that made it possible for electronic funds transfer. The act regulates the actions of the senders, recipients, and intermediaries in the transaction cycle.
References Federal Communications Commission, (2010). Children’s Internet Protection Act. Retrieved June 12, 2013, from http://www.fcc.gov/guides/childrens-internet-protection-act
Lloyd, C. (2009). Electronic Funds Transfer Act. Retrieved June 12, 2013, from http://www.bankersonline.com/tools/efta.ppt.
Solution to Parking Space Problem on Campus Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Benefits of Proposed Solutions
Objections and Counter-Objections
Introduction For many students, finding parking space on campus is an expensive nightmare. Students spend a significant amount of time trying to get a parking spot for their cars. If they are lucky to get one, they have to pay a high parking fee. This situation negates the convenience that a car is supposed to offer the student.
Students have cars so that they can travel efficiently and attend their classes on time. The difficulty in finding parking space leads to time wastage and makes the car an inconvenience. The campus administration should increase the parking options for students, reduce the current parking fees, and present alternative means of transportation to tackle the inefficiency of the current parking system.
Benefits of Proposed Solutions By increasing the parking alternatives available to students, the campus administration will help ease the parking space shortage currently being faced. Such a step will ensure that students do not have to compete for only a few numbers of parking spaces. Another solution would be for reducing the current parking fee.
This will greatly alleviate the financial burden that students currently face. The students will be able to use the extra money for car maintenance and to cover additional educational needs. The current high rate of parking makes it hard for students to save their money for other needs.
The last solution would be for the campus to provide alternative means of transportation for students within the campus will reduce the need for private cars on campus. Such a move will ensure that the demand for parking space is reduced. With few cars on campus, it will be easy for a student to find parking space.
Objections and Counter-Objections Some people might argue that providing additional parking space will cost the campus a significant amount of money. This is true since building a parking lot with high capacity will require significant financing from the campus. While creating additional parking space will be costly for the campus, the money will be recovered once the parking area is in operation, and students pay for the services.
Opponents of reducing the parking fee might argue that such a move will reduce the revenue that the school enjoys from parking fees. This observation is right since the campus makes money from the high parking charges imposed on students. However, the loss incurred from reducing parking fees is justifiable since the students will demonstrate better educational outcomes if their financial obligations are reduced.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More An argument against the implementation of alternative transportation is that this solution will require the administration to invest a lot of money in alternative transportation means. While this is true, the campus will benefit from the additional income that will come as the students pay for the use of the alternative means of transportation. The campus will also benefit from reduced traffic in the campus vicinity.
Conclusion The campus administration needs to provide alternative parking space and reduce parking costs to address the current problem. This paper has shown that by engaging in these actions, the administration will increase student efficiency and reduce the financial burden for students. Students will, therefore, be able to dedicate their time to the major objective of attaining a good education in the institution.
Language Difficulties Among Foreign Students Essay a level english language essay help
Learning a foreign language is very important, particularly the popular language. Most of these popular languages are used as the principal means of communication across the globe. There are numerous ways of learning a foreign language, and the best way is studying in a country where there are native speakers.
However, this has never been an easy task for foreign students. These students experience countless language difficulties in their classes, particularly during their first year of study. This essay will highlight several language difficulties facing foreign students in their classes and their solutions.
Language difficulties One of the most common language difficulties facing this category of students is grasping new vocabularies and foreign accent. This is a major obstacle during the learning process. The best solution to this problem is to allow out of class language practice; for instance, foreign students can speak with the native speakers inside and outside the school.
Out of class practice is very important because students spent most of their time outside the classroom. Also, learning new vocabularies will help the foreign student to understand their teachers and fellow students who are native speakers. Another solution would be paring foreign students with native students during classroom sessions. This will ensure that foreign students are accorded maximum assistance.
Another difficulty may be in the assessment systems used in the host country, which may differ from the home country’s system. This normally hurts the student’s study habits and their mindset towards knowledge and education. This can be solved by providing clear directives and explanations to the foreign students on what is expected of them about study and assessments. Also, the school should provide language inductions and workshops for foreign students to familiarize them with the new system.
Besides vocabulary and accent difficulties, writing and listening skills also challenge facing most foreign students. Difficulties in the two skills often lead to misspelling and content misunderstanding. One of the solutions to the two problems is providing handouts or notes before lessons.
This will assist foreign students in understanding the content of the lessons and also enhance their concentration. Also, the classroom front seats should be reserved for foreign students to minimize listening difficulties. Teachers should also write key words and concepts on the board and highlight significant points. Last but not least, teachers should pause occasionally and ask students if they need any clarification.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The reading proficiency and speed of the foreign students have often been below those of the native speakers. Lack of reading proficiency and speed may also affect other aspects of learning, for instance, note-taking, making summaries, and strategic reading. One of the solutions to this problem is providing reading materials earlier, with more focus on foreign students. The students should also be encouraged to form reading and discussion groups.
Writing proficiency is also a problem facing most foreign students. Many of them do not have the writing skills required for certain courses or programs. These skills may be in the form of sentence structures, writing styles, referencing, and level of plagiarism. The best solution to this problem is to provide foreign students with writing guidelines and assistance whenever needed.
Conclusion Foreign students normally face numerous language difficulties. These difficulties include normal communication, adjusting to a new culture, listening and understanding, reading skills, and writing skills. All these difficulties should be given special consideration.
The Book “Wild” by Cheryl Strayed Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Emphasis on Transformation
Introduction Self-transformation and self-reflection are critical parts of heroic journeys in literature. Often, heroes fail to succeed, but their experiences provide philosophical insights into the essence of personal reflection journeys. In this paper, I explore “Wild,” a hiking memoir of Cheryl Strayed, as she embarks on a 1,100-mile journey through the Pacific Crest trail “to save herself.”
This paper explores the underlying thoughts behind personal journeys because it undermines the idea that Cheryl Strayed pursues the attainment of goals in her narration, Wild. Instead, this paper shows that Cheryl Strayed focuses on the process that leads to the goal of her journey, even when she cannot attain the goal.
Essentially, this paper demonstrates that quest literature (“Wild”) mainly focuses on transformation, as opposed to evaluating how the hero meets or fails to meet her goal. Therefore, this paper suggests that the end of the road is not important in quest literature; instead, people should focus on how the subject transforms throughout the journey.
Personal Journey Cheryl’s adventure throughout her journey is gripping, not because of its adventurous nature, but because of Cheryl’s ability to relate its details with her journey. Through this journey, Cheryl strives to understand herself and the predicaments in her life.
Faced with the emotional torment of her mother’s death, her stepfather’s demise, her heroin addiction, and her failed marriage, it is difficult to ignore the emotional journey that Cheryl experiences. This journey could easily contrast with her physical experiences with rattlesnakes, black bears, and adverse weather conditions that symbolize the emotional turmoil that she experiences in her emotional journey.
Emphasis on Transformation Cheryl’s focus on the beauty and loneliness of her journey, through the desert and the mountains, overshadow her quest to reach her destination because the main message in her narration focuses on her experiences, as opposed to how she will reach her destination, or not.
Certainly, Cheryl aims to tell her experiences throughout the journey, as opposed to how she will reach her destination. Indeed, she focuses on describing how she suffered countless bruises, how she repeatedly affirmed to herself that she was fearless, how she overcame the harsh physical conditions of her journey, and how she would accept her grief. For example, she says that whenever she heard a branch break outside her tent, she had to shout that she was fearless.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cheryl’s relationship with her mother (before her mother’s death) also symbolically shows the emphasis on transformation, as opposed to the end of the journey (her mother’s death). Cheryl does not hesitate to explain how her mother affirmed to her children that she would always be with them (she made most of these affirmations, as she grew sicker).
Cheryl’s thoughts regarding those moments made her stronger in her journey because she understood that her mother was always with her. In fact, throughout her lonely journey, Cheryl’s mother stood out as her only “companion.” Cheryl carefully narrates how her mother’s love proved to be a key mental pillar in her journey because, in her words, it was not the loss of her mother, but rather, the love she had for her mother that was the most important factor in her journey.
Also, concerning her experiences with her family and the disappearance of her stepfather, Cheryl says it was not the rebellion or the abandonment, she had suffered that mattered; instead, the loss of love bothered her.
Her narration clearly shows that the goal (demise of her stepfather and the death of her mother) did not matter in her self-transformative journey because the emotional journey and the loss of attachment she shared with her parents were more saddening for her. Somewhat, Cheryl tries to show that the end is not an important goal in her journey. Instead, the love (or the lack of it) was more important in her transformative journey.
Personal Healing Cheryl’s transformative journey also symbolizes that the end of the road is not important because it does not provide the healing that she desperately needed. Her admission that she lacked all the answers to her problems and questions is also an open acknowledgment that the end is not defined, or important, in her journey. Instead, she focuses on what makes her survive and how it is possible to “find” her inner strength when she has lost the will to live.
Through this analysis, Cheryl bears more emphasis on how she can cope with grief and how she will repair the “hole” in her heart. Here, it is crucial to mention that Cheryl considers these goals as the most important issues in her journey. Strategically, she fails to wonder if she is going to make it to her destination, or if she will live to see another day.
Spiritual Journey Lastly, in my view, Cheryl’s journey resembles many spiritual journeys that often involve people unplugging themselves from their ordinary lives to live in foreign lands or isolate themselves from modernity. Similar comparisons of personal journeys include the journey made in Elizabeth Gilbert’s film, “eat, pray, love.” Through this comparison, it is plausible to say that Cheryl’s memoir is a spiritual journey that does not aim to communicate with God, but the universe.
We will write a custom Essay on The Book “Wild” by Cheryl Strayed specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The mere fact that her journey is spiritual shows that the emphasis of her narration is on healing herself, as opposed to reaching a destination (as is common in physical journeys). Therefore, spiritual journeys differ from physical journeys because spiritual journeys do not emphasize on the destination (end of the road). Cheryl’s experience is, therefore, a powerful transformative journey that teaches us the value of “finding ourselves” so that we can continue the journey of life.
Conclusion Self-transformation is at the center of this analysis. This paper shows that Cheryl’s focus throughout her whole journey centers on how she lives and accepts her circumstance, as opposed to if she will make it through the desert, or reach her destination altogether. Therefore, throughout this analysis, this paper shows that the ultimate focus of quest literature is in the journey and not at the end of the road.
Indeed, through this lens of analysis, we can see how Cheryl, a young woman, transforms herself through solitude and physical difficulties to become a force to reckon with in the world of literature (even as she fails to provide all the answers needed in her journey). Even when she reaches her poetic destination, “Bridge of the Gods,” Cheryl still reminds us that her most important concern is not her arrival at this destination, but her trust that whatever she had done throughout her journey is true (emphasis on the process).
Zeiss Vision Care Business Group Analysis Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Carl Zeiss AG is a company manufacturing optics, lenses and medical devices. The company was founded in Germany in 1846. Carl Zeiss is the oldest optics manufacturing company still existing in the world. The range of products manufactured by Carl Zeiss Company is wide, they produce optics for many different spheres such as astronomy, medicine, photography, science.
Carl Zeiss is leading in the sphere of medical technologies. It has contributed a lot into the sphere of diagnostics and treatment of ophthalmic diseases and disorders. The company’s innovative solutions have been the moving force for the progress in the optic medicine. Right now Carl Zeiss is a promising and future oriented company participating in the progress of the sphere of intraoperative radiotherapy (One of the World’s Leading Medical Technology Companies, n.d).
The old and new logos of Zeiss Company.
The company’s mission is improving patients’ quality of life. In the middle of the nineteenth century Carl Friedrich Zeiss opened his first workshop specialized at making microscopes. Carl Zeiss was studying optics and technologies deeply and travelling a lot. He invested plenty of time and money into his business improvement and during the first year of operation he sold twenty three microscopes.
The business of this talented man was developing well and in a year he moved to a bigger facility and took his first apprentice (Carl Zeiss – A History of a Most Respected Name in Optics, 2013). He manufactured scientific equipment and devices for universities and scientific facilities. His products were named ones of the most advanced tools created in Germany. In 1866 Carl Zeiss started to work with his future partner Ernst Abbe. Together these two outstanding professionals made a great impact on the world of science and medicine.
Nowadays the company is socially oriented with fair payments; also Zeiss Medical Technology declares that protection of the environment goes without saying for them and is a part of their corporate policy. The company fulfills all the basic requirements for quality management and marketing. Zeiss nowadays is not only a company with an amazing history, but also a company with an admirable reputation and outstanding achievements.
The company structure includes semiconductor manufacturing technology, industrial metrology, microscopy, medical technology and vision care. Besides, the company is manufacturing camera lenses and sports optics. The company’s staff counts more than twenty four thousand people all over the world, the revenue is more than four billion Euros, ten per cent of which goes to the research and development needs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company has more than seventy market stock points worldwide, four global distribution centers, three regional distribution centers. The company receives more than two hundred thousand orders a day and sells over a billion lenses every year in more than fifty countries.
Dr. Hermann Gerlinger, born in Bad Mergentheim, Germany in 1953, has a doctorate degree of Physics and Astronomy. Member of Zeiss AG Board since 2006.
Dr. Ludwin Monz, born in Trier, Germany in 1963, has a doctorate degree in Physics and Astronomy. Joined Zeiss in 1994 as a research scientist. A board member since 2014.
Thomas Spitzenpfeil, born in 1962 in Bad Sauglau, Germany, has a degree in industrial and medical engineering. Member of executive board of Carl Zeiss AG since 2010.
Reference List Carl Zeiss – A History of a Most Respected Name in Optics. (2013). Company Seven. Retrieved from http://www.company7.com/zeiss/history.html
Dr. Hermann Gerlinger. [Image]. (n. d.). Retrieved from Retrieved from http://www.zeiss.com/corporate/en_de/about-zeiss/management/executive-board-and-supervisory-board/short-biography-of-dr–hermann-gerlinger.html
Dr. Ludwin Monz. [Image]. (n. d.). Retrieved from Retrieved from http://www.zeiss.com/corporate/en_de/about-zeiss/management/executive-board-and-supervisory-board/biography_dr-ludwin-monz.html
We will write a custom Research Paper on Zeiss Vision Care Business Group Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the World’s Leading Medical Technology Companies. (n.d). Zeiss. Retrieved From http://www.zeiss.com/meditec/en_de/about-us/facts-figures.html
Thomas Spitzenpfeil. [Image]. (n. d.). Retrieved from Retrieved from http://corporate.zeiss.com/about/en_gb/management/boards-and-committees/biography-thomas-spitzenpfeil.html
The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God Essay college essay help near me
The Ontological Argument The ontological argument is an a priori argument that attempts to prove God’s existence based purely on reason. The argument sees no reason for attempts to prove the existence of God using empirical approaches. Instead, it seeks to prove God’s existence using essence. According to the ontological argument, the existence of God is a necessary property of God in the same way that a triangle comprises three sides. Anselm, for instance, believes that the claim of God’s non-existence is in itself self-contradictory as it implies that God is imperfect. Other philosophers who adopt the same line of argument as Anselm include Spinoza, Leibniz, Godel, Descartes, and Hegel.
The ontological argument adopts a modal technique to reasoning using the concepts of necessity, possibility and actuality. The argument assumes that supreme perfection necessitates existence. It starts by defining God as a supremely perfect being who is omnipotent, omnipresent and benevolent. In the view of ontological theorists, God must exist since existence is perfection and God is perfect.
Kant’s objection to the ontological argument stems from his view of the concept that a being that is conceived in the human mind, and which exists in the real world, is superior to an idea of a being that is merely conceived in the mind. Kant questions the ontological perception of existence as a predicate that necessarily applies to the concept of God in the same way that the three angles of a triangle necessarily belong to the triangle. In contrast, Kant argues that, though existence applies as a predicate in the grammatical sense, it differs from other predicates. Kant views existence as a property, unlike all ordinary properties, and argues that existence is merely the conjecture of a thing.
What Kant’s argument means is that when one asserts that God exists, he is not alluding that there is a God, or that he holds the property of existence. On the contrary, to say that a thing exists is to allude to the notion of that thing being typified in the universe. If Kant’s take on the ontological argument that existence is not a property that can be inherently possessed is correct, then we cannot compare an existent God with a non-existent God.
I believe that Kant’s position regarding the ontological argument (that a God that exists is essentially similar to a God that does not exist) is considerably defensible. An existent God is similar to a non-existent God, since they are both omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient. This implies that the ontological claim that ‘an existent God is greater than a God who does not exist’ is essentially wrong. More than anything, the ontological argument succeeds in providing the definition of God as a supremely perfect being.
Because existence is a logical predicate rather than a grammatical one, it cannot belong to the concept of God as postulated by the ontological theorists. On the contrary, existence is a predicate that merely fulfills the definition of the concept of God. What this means is that existence is not a property like the green property of a leaf that belongs to the leaf. Even if existence is to be perceived as a property, it is not the property that impacts the essence of the thing which possesses the existence. Therefore, I do not believe that the ontological argument succeeds in proving the existence of God.
The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The cosmological argument for the existence of God is founded on a posteriori reasoning drawn from empirical experience of the universe. Thomas Aquinas formalizes the argument in his ‘Summa Theologica.’ Aquinas outlines five arguments in an attempt to prove the existence of God. Three arguments of Aquinas can be described as cosmological.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The first form of the cosmological argument for the existence of God is referred to as the first cause argument. This argument asserts that all things are caused by something else. If we go back through the causal sequence, we are likely to arrive at a first cause from which all else is caused. The cosmological philosophers argue that the supreme cause is God. It is important to note that the cosmological proof of God’s existence dismisses the idea of infinity or an infinite regression.
The second form of the ontological argument stems from the concept of contingency. This argument asserts that things can either exist or fail to exist. This argument implies that there is a possibility of a time when nothing existed, and some external being must have created what exists. Cosmological theorists call this external being God.
The third ontological argument considers the possibility of a prime mover or an unmoved mover. Aquinas states that everything in the world is in a constant state of motion. Since a thing cannot ‘actually be’ and ‘potentially be’ at the same time, everything that is in a state of motion must have been put in motion by a mover. Going by the trend of denying infinite regression, there must be a first mover who sets all movements in motion.
The fact that the cosmological argument applies an a posteriori system of reasoning works against as well as to the soundness of the position. Being a posteriori, the cosmological argument is easily testable using empirical data. For instance, we can test the argument by observing changes and processes in phenomena and seeking an explanation for the nature of events. The argument seems convincing since it answers the insatiable human desire to seek an explanation for natural events.
However, the knowledge acquired a posteriori cannot be absolutely trusted. Human desire to explain existence is not a reason enough to embrace the cosmological argument, since the empirical universe is filled with probabilities. What we know about the universe is obtained from the things we perceive today, rather than what existed at the time of creation. We cannot ascertain the sequence of events that took place at the time of creation to relate them with what we experience today.
Science also has the potential of working for or against the cosmological proof of God’s existence. Though science has failed to explain the happenings before the Big Bang, modern scientists have proved that there are some items, such as a particle generated by a vacuum, which can exist without being caused. This implies that God is not the only uncaused thing.
The problem raised by the ontological argument is that, even if there is a prime cause that caused the Big Bang, there is no absolute way of confirming that the cause of the Big bang is the theist God. To assume that the first cause is the theistic God requires one to take a leap of faith without logical or factual support systems.
We will write a custom Essay on The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Allegory of the Cave In the allegory of the cave, Plato paints a picture of prisoners held in a dark cave. The prisoners are chained around their feet and necks in a way that inhibits their movement. Plato describes a world outside the caves and a wall separating the cave and the outside world. There are shadows of people moving outside the cave which are cast on the cave walls. Since the prisoners are chained, they are unable to raise their heads to see the real people moving outside the cave and only have access to the shadows. Consequently, they believe that the shadows are real. When one of the prisoners escapes, he is not able to see anything since he is blinded by the brightness of the sun. As he stays in the outer world, the prisoner comes to realize that the outside world is the real world and that the things to which he has been accustomed are mere illusions.
The prisoner believes that it is better to live as a slave in the real world than to live like a king in the cave. When the escapee returns to the cave, the other prisoners ridicule him for leaving the world of the cave since they cannot understand a reality they are yet to experience. The prisoners warn the escapee of possible death in case he tries to release them.
The cave in the allegory signifies people who are so accustomed to what they know from empirical faculties that they do not conceive any other way of life. The shadows in the allegory signify knowledge obtained from sense perception. In his portrayal of the game played in the cave, Plato implies that those perceived as masters actually have limited knowledge of reality. The breakout prisoner in Plato’s allegory represents a philosopher who has moved away from reliance on sense perception and who seeks knowledge that is outside the realm of the senses. While the sun represents truth obtained through philosophical inquiry, the intellectual journey of the escaped prisoner represents the path followed by philosophers in their pursuit of wisdom and truth. The reactions of the other prisoners depict how most people are afraid of seeking philosophical truth and prefer to stay in their ‘safe’ worlds.
To explain true knowledge, Plato presents his model of the Forms. Plato’s forms are fixed objects described as the most real objects conceivable. The world as we perceive it is just a shadow of the real Forms, which can only be grasped through rationality. For instance, the property shared by all triangles is the Form of triangularity, which is the essence of what is called a triangle. For instance, for two or more things to belong to kind X, they must share in the Form of X-ness.
Plato, being an idealist, believes that true knowledge can only be acquired through rational faculties, rather than through sense perception. Unlike physical objects, the Forms presented by Plato are unchanging and are universally knowable.
The sun in Plato’s allegory represents a philosopher’s understanding of the Forms, particularly the Form of good. A philosopher needs to appreciate the Form of good so that he can identify and comprehend the goodness available in other Forms. I agree with Plato that the knowledge we use to understand the world is inborn and cannot be acquired by sense perception. Ideas such as roundness exist in the human brain.
Hume and Kant on Synthetic a Priori Judgments Before we can understand the concept of synthetic a priori judgment, we must define what is meant by analytic propositions and synthetic propositions. In Kant’s view, the terms ‘analytic’ and ‘synthetic’ are merely different types of judgments, which are assertions or propositions. Analytic propositions do not give us any new information about reality, but merely state that a property is encompassed by an object as part of its meaning. An example of an analytic statement is ‘husbands are male.’ The concept ‘husband’ contains the concept ‘male’ as part of its definition.
Synthetic propositions, on the other hand, are statements whose predicating concept is not part of the definition of the subject concept. For instance, the proposition that ‘all matter is heavy’ is synthetic in the sense that having weight does not form part of the definition of matter. Synthetic a priori judgments are statements that are verifiable independent of empirical experience, and which are not logically encompassed as part of the definition of the subject.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hume builds his philosophy around an empiricist assumption that all propositions can be known through sense experience. In Hume’s view, causality is not founded on a priori judgments. On the contrary, Hume believes that the concept of causality is completely unfounded. He asserts that there is no foundation in experience to imply that a specific event must necessarily follow another event. He concludes that the causality cannot, therefore, be justified rationally.
What Hume implies is that there is no contradiction in rejecting the alleged necessity of causality. However, the refutation of a proposition is what demonstrates it to be necessary, especially when the refutation occasions a visible inconsistency. Since there is no inconsistency in refuting the assumed necessity of causality, such refutation is not tantamount to inconsistency. Since there is no inconsistency in refuting the necessity of causality, the causality cannot be said to be a priori.
In Hume’s postulation, the human mind develops a pattern when it is used to seeing an event follow another. The mind, therefore, assumes a causal relationship between the two events. Causal relationships, in Hume’s view, are just assumptions created by the human mind and are not certifiable by experimentation. Necessity of causal relations, therefore, lacks reasonable backing and must be psychologically defended.
I believe that Hume’s dismissal of the hitherto popular laws of causality and induction is what inspires Kant to try to save natural science from the implications of Hume’s philosophy. The reason Kant refutes Hume’s view on causation and induction is because Hume rejects the certainty upon which natural science is built. Kant, therefore, tries to address the problem raised by metaphysics by designing a framework of transcendental idealism that can enable people to avoid skepticism.
Kant admits that causation seems impossible, but suggests a different approach in understanding causality. Instead of looking at causality as a metaphysical process involving the organization of natural events, Kant suggests that causality should be viewed as a universally and necessarily occurring property, impressed by the human mind upon reality. This view of causality as a requirement for the intelligibility of occurrence seems more plausible than Hume’s dismissal of causality in its totality. Synthetic a priori propositions are, therefore, depicted as rationally validated since they serve as preconditions for comprehensibility.
I believe that Kant is right in his postulation that certain rational categories ought to typify objects of sense perception so that the wholeness of a person’s experience can be consistent. These innate a priori intuitions (for instance, spatial-temporal intuitions) are assumed in any act of acquiring knowledge, and are validated as sources of all conceivable experience. To reject the innate intuition of causality causes sense perception to be incomprehensible.
Hume, Locke and Berkeley on Empiricism Hume, Locke and Berkeley are all British empiricist philosophers who believe in weeding out any concept that portray inconsistency with empiricism and believe that knowledge must be drawn from experience. This results in skepticism about most of the things that we generally assume to know. Locke, Berkeley and Hume all adopt a technique of constructing a corpus of knowledge using modest building blocks.
Locke’s philosophy seeks original and certain knowledge as well as the levels of belief. He attacks the principle of innate ideas, which asserts that human infants are born with some amount of knowledge that is not obtained from sense perception. Locke argues that the human infant is born with an empty mind, which is gradually filled with knowledge acquired through experience.
Locke also believes that the human mind resembles a mirror that only reflects objects presented to it. In his view, knowledge can be classified as sensitive, intuitive and demonstrative. Human beings often possess instinctual knowledge concerning their personal existence, sensitive knowledge about the presence of specific finite objects and demonstrative knowledge about the existence of divinity. Locke attempts to reason that human beings have knowledge of sensible things from simple ideas. However, Locke fails to support how we acquire this form of knowledge.
Locke also distinguishes between primary qualities and secondary qualities of objects. While primary qualities such as shape and motion exist in the world, secondary qualities depend on the person perceiving the object. Secondary qualities of objects include taste, smell and color as perceived by an individual.
From his arguments, Locke is depicted as an empiricist in the limited sense who believes that all materials upon which knowledge is attained are acquired through sense perception. His limitation as an empiricist stems from his acceptance of the possibility of rational, a priori knowledge of objects outside the realm of the senses.
Berkeley discards Locke’s categorization of objects according to primary and secondary qualities, and asserts that all experiences fall under the secondary category. He believes that the distinction between the qualities of objects generates unwarranted skepticism. Berkeley’s epistemological postulation only recognizes the existence of minds, in which God inputs ideas. He dismisses the concept of independently existing objects. However, Berkeley concedes that we have some amount of knowledge that we acquire through sense perception such as knowledge concerning God’s existence.
Berkeley believes that God is the greatest mind who controls the world of ideas. He distinguishes between the universe of God and human universe. Human beings cannot acquire knowledge about God’s universe except through fantasy.
David Hume improves on the premises proposed by Berkeley. In my view, Hume is the most consistent of all the three empiricists. Though he adopts the empirical approach to epistemology as developed by Locke, he refuses the idea of any knowledge obtained outside sensory experience. Hume asserts that though the human epistemological realm is limited to sensory experience, the possibility of any other realm (including God) is unknowable.
Hume also dismisses the concept of common sense since it is based on indefensible beliefs formed by the mind. He dismisses anything that cannot be empirically verified, including the idea of causation and the concept of induction. In terms of consistency and adherence to the empirical principle, Hume is the most commendable of the three British empiricists.
Technology Issues: Cell Phone Effects Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Response to My Objections
Introduction Technological advancements have brought many changes in the modern world. According to Ling (56), technology has greatly changed the way various activities are undertaken. One aspect that has undergone significant changes is the mode of information transfer. Initially, people wrote letters in case of a need to pass information to another person, or use messengers to deliver such information later. This area has continued to advance, and currently there are very many ways of passing information from one person or place to another.
The most common means of communication in the modern society are Facebook, Twitter, cell phones and many others. Through these modes, people are able to share ideas and information from different corners of the world. Among all these means of communication, the most reliable and convenient one is a cell phone. Through cell phones, people are able to pass and receive information at any time, and in any part of the world.
Cell phones have many benefits to the users. These users include business people, government officials, and all individuals who use the cell phones for one reason or another. Several arguments have been raised concerning the dangers of cell phones to social health. Some of these arguments may be true or false depending on the validity of the studies undertaken.
It is, however, important to have the correct information on the relationship between the use of cell phones and personal health. My claim is that cell phones have no impact on people’s health because it is supported by a number of researches, in particular on the psychological influence of cell phones on pregnant women and the role of cell phones to play in the development of cancer cells.
Criteria-Match Arguments The issue of cell phones and health has raised a lot of concern from many scholars. As a result, many researchers have come up with several arguments on the health issues related to cell phone use. In this section, some of the arguments of the researchers will be analyzed.
The argument of Glotz (65) claims that cell phone radiation causes deadly diseases like brain tumor, breast cancer, traffic accidents, and some behavioral change in pregnant women. This case claims that there is a link between the use of cell phones and human health. However, it does not meet the criterion of a standard scientific research because their hypotheses were not empirically tested.
The second case is about the findings by Richard S Ling. The research was done in Cambridge University, and it showed that the cell phones have a serious negative effect on the reproductive system of men, and caution should be taken when using it. This scholar argues that cell phones have been found to reduce the number and quality of sperms in males. Thus, the use of cell phones can be claimed as the main cause of low fertility rates among men today.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ling (84) also points out that apart from causing cancers; cell phones have been identified as the main cause of traffic accidents among the users. This researcher further explains that in most of the developed countries like the United States, cell phones led to poor performance in schools.
This is so because young learners in such countries are allowed to use cell phones in schools, which makes them spend a lot of their time on mobile phones rather than spending the time with their books resulting in the low performance. Although I do not agree with his first argument on the effect of mobile phones on men’s fertility, I think the argument about accidents has some truth in it. I believe that this case meets the criteria on what a valid social research should entail.
The third case was based on the arguments made by Horst and Miller (23) that there is a close relationship between the use of mobile phones and breast cancer, especially among lactating women. These scholars developed a hypothesis that closely relates to increase in the number of breast cancer cases to the increasing use of phones, in particular chances of getting breast cancer in women. This case does not meet the criterion because the argument was not based on a scientific research, but a general believe that has not been tested empirically.
Response to My Objections In the three cases presented above, I make a concession in one, but refute the other two. I believe that some of the arguments that associate the use of mobile phone to various health problems are not genuine. I disagree with the arguments of Ling that relates the use of mobile phones to low productivity in men.
This argument is not good because it fails to meet the standards of a scientific research. An independent research by Hales (65) explains that the number of cancer cases has not changed, but it has remained the same as it was before cell phones invention. This research report is good because it meets the requirement of a phenomenological study that embraces close comparison of incidents when deriving a conclusion. This is a clear indication that there is no relationship between cell phone use and cancer as many researchers are claiming.
The opinion that the cell phones have a carcinogenic effect may be true, but there is no valid study to support this argument. Burgess (51) argues that the microwave radiation emitted by cell phones is too weak to affect the DNA structure. This research is good because it is a scientific investigation that meets the criteria for an empirical study. It supports my argument that cell phones have no carcinogenic effects.
This also explains why cell phones cannot be said to have an effect on the quantity and quality of sperms in males as many researchers prove. If there are any such related effects of cell phones, than those results are long term, and are yet to be reported but as per the current state, such effects do not hold any ground.
We will write a custom Essay on Technology Issues: Cell Phone Effects specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The only impact of cell phones that I may support is that, its use has some relationship with road accidents. It is true that when using a cell phone, driver’s attention may be directed to the phone, and this may result into an accident. This also applies to the pedestrians who use cell phones while crossing or walking along the road.
Conclusion Cell phones have many benefits and their importance to the users should not be corrupted by invalid arguments that they are dangerous to health. Since there is no valid research to support this negative argument of some scholars, the users should not be misled by the information that cell phones have negative effects on their health, unless proven otherwise. Researchers should come up with valid empirical research to support their claims.
Works Cited Burgess, Adam. Cellular Phones, Public Fears, and a Culture of Precaution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Print.
Glotz, Peter. Thumb Culture: The Meaning of Mobile Phones for Society. Bielefeld: Transcript, 2005. Print.
Hales, Dianne. An Invitation to Health. Belmont: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
Horst, Heather A and Daniel Miller. The Cell Phone: An Anthropology of Communication. New York: Berg, 2006. Print.
Ling, Richard S. The Mobile Connection: The Cell Phone’s Impact on Society. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 2004. Print.
Sexuality Through a Lens of Heterosexual Relationships Research Paper college essay help
Introduction Arguably, society has always perceived sexuality through a narrow lens of heterosexual relationships (a romantic relationship between a man and a woman). This perception has often defined traditional romantic relationships. Through this framework, human sexuality was predictable.
It defined people’s identity, gender, societal roles, and other attributes associated with sexuality. For example, traditionally, men were the providers, while women were homemakers (Unger 360). Women would also rarely take part in the employment sector because their work was to give birth and take care of their families.
However, times have changed, and so have gender roles and sexuality. For instance, human sexuality, although still part of human identity, has become more complex. Increased sexual liberty among different societies informs this trend (Gummow 1). People are now more willing to try new sexual lifestyles, without the traditional societal barriers associated with past human societies.
The new sense of sexual liberty has dominated different lifestyle aspects. Modern art forms have strived to show the new sexual freedoms in their design and contents. For example, films have highlighted the growing complexity of sexual identity in modern society. Same-sex relationships, wife-swaps, and other alternative lifestyle choices, although a taboo in many societies, have become part of mainstream film production, today.
Similarly, bisexual relationships have become increasingly acceptable in film and some sections of western society. These changes have influenced film production, casting, and script writing because film directors strive to represent the changing modern lifestyles that characterize present-day societies. Relative to this assertion, such changes in film production processes also explain the influences of films on societal perceptions of gender and sexuality.
While it is interesting to analyze how films and movies influence societal perceptions about this issue, this paper argues that modern society has adopted liberalized sexual lifestyles that have redefined people’s identities. Particularly, this paper focuses on a 2011 film, Shame, directed by Steve McQueen, to show increased sexual adventure in modern society.
Indeed, by analyzing the character of the protagonist in the film (Brandon), this paper argues that human sexuality has become increasingly liberal. The same liberty has created “complex” sexual identities among many people today. Indeed, compared to past societies, people are now choosing to live sexual lifestyles that are more adventurous and, often, unconventional.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Infidelity, group sex, homosexuality, online sex, and prostitution outline some sexual practices, of some main characters in the film, which highlight this fact. Through the high incidence of these practices in the film, this paper affirms a high sense of sexual liberation in modern society. The structure of this paper shows this fact by using the attachment theory, evolutionary theory, and the Cass model because they explain the changing sexual practices in modern society.
Shame and the Attachment Theory Today’s high numbers of sexual partners (mainly in heterosexual relationships) explain the changing nature of sexuality in modern times. While people could have had many sexual partners in the past, Hollywood films have made the practice more mainstream today. In fact, through films, such as Shame, Hollywood exposes the growing complexity of human sexual identities in modern times.
By many measures, a relationship between a man and a woman would largely define the “conventional” perception of heterosexual relationships. In fact, sexual and romantic relationships between men and women largely define the “norm” in many societies. However, according to Brandon’s sexual relationships, in Shame, this is not the case.
In fact, the film depicts conventional heterosexual unions (a married man and a married woman living together) as the exception, and not the ‘norm.” For example, throughout its plot, the film shows Brandon developing a friendship with a female colleague, Marianne. Their relationship later becomes romantic.
Like normal couples, the two went for dates, walked together, and shared romantic jokes. Throughout the courting period, Brandon appeared “normal.” He was genuinely interested in the company of his colleague. However, when their relationship became serious, he had trouble sustaining it.
For example, in one afternoon, he took Marianne to a hotel and although they had a good time together, Brandon was unable to have sexual intercourse with her. He became anxious about the incident until Marianne requested to leave. While still at the hotel, Brandon called a prostitute and had sexual intercourse with her. This action shows Brandon’s inability to live a “normal” life and enjoy a normal sexual relationship with someone he likes. However, he has no problem sharing the same intimacy with a stranger.
Brandon’s inability to have a “normal” sex life also manifests through his peculiar online pornographic viewing habits. In several instances in the film, Brandon seeks the services of online webcam girls that know him by his name. He tried to hide such practices from his sister (when she comes to visit), but she quickly discovered his sexual practices after viewing his laptop. This action made Brandon uncomfortable about his sister’s presence in the house.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Sexuality Through a Lens of Heterosexual Relationships specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Mackenzie (2) offers a deeper perspective to this issue by saying Shame portrays society’s misplaced sexual intrepidness. He takes a broader look at this issue and says today’s “sex-drenched” society portrays worsening moral decay (Mackenzie 2). Relative to this assertion, he also says, the society fails to link pornographic addiction to changing sexual behaviors.
Through the same analytical lens, he believes many people are developing bad social behaviors that span across human sexuality and eating habits, such as the growing obesity rates and the growing fast-food culture (Mackenzie 2).
Aloisi (9) supports the above view by saying that Shame supports a new sense of sexual freedom in modern society. However, he believes this sexual freedom has imprisoned people by adopting “wild” sexual behaviors to numb their pain. He also says the internet has significantly changed human sexuality by promoting these habits (Aloisi 9).
The connection between Brandon’s sexually adventurous habits and most of the sexual behaviors practiced by many people today is vivid. Relative to this assertion, Aloisi (10) believes that Brandon’s sexual behaviors represent the deviant sexual practices that characterize modern society. In fact, he affirms that most of Brandon’s sexual adventures are recognizable to most of us (Aloisi 10).
The attachment theory explains the deviant sexual behaviors manifested in Shame. Researchers developed this theory in the 1940s and 1950s, when they revealed that pathology often exists from a conflict between two human impulses (Porter 2). An alternative hypothesis of the theory shows that deviant sexual behaviors (considered peculiar among most societies) stem from biology and not fantasy. The attachment theory plays a significant role in explaining the “wild” sexual behaviors that characterize Shame.
Based on the above view, the attachment theory suggests that the complicated sexual behaviors stem from proper, or improper, attachment during infant and adult years (Shemmings 40). People who share a close attachment to family members and caregivers often develop a deep sense of security in their adult years. However, those that are emotionally distant do not develop the same (sense of) security.
Instead, they develop negative emotional experiences that force them to adopt “peculiar” sexual habits (Shemmings 40). They have “affect regulation” problems that inhibit them from developing intimate and autonomous relationships. Therefore, instead of searching for relationships that meet their wholesome emotional needs, they only seek the relationships that meet such needs, physically.
This fact explains why Brandon was unable to develop any emotionally satisfying relationship in his adult life. Instead, he sought physical relationships that provided momentary emotional satisfaction. Whenever he had a real chance to enjoy a “normal” relationship with a family member (his sister), or a colleague (Marianne), he withdrew emotionally.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Sexuality Through a Lens of Heterosexual Relationships by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Both siblings (Brandon and his sister) also show a deep sense of emotional void that could stem from their childhood. Brandon’s (sense of) emotional void stems from his withdrawal and sexual addiction. His sister’s emotional void manifests in a strong need for male affection, which she seeks from her brother and her brother’s boss. In fact, in several instances in the film, she begs Brandon to be affectionate to her.
This need explains why she crawled into his bed and often wanted to cuddle with him in the living room. Brandon resisted such advances because his emotional problems affected him that way. Broadly, both actors have many (deep) emotional issues that affect how they relate with other people. These problems stem from attachment issues that they both developed at a young age. The same issues developed into unhealthy and wild sexual behaviors in their adult years.
These issues highlight a wider social phenomenon that exists today, through a high divorce rate in the society that affects children’s development. Indeed, many children today grow up in single families, or without their biological parents. Some of these households nurture children that have many attachment issues. Similar to Brandon and his sister, they grow up to develop “strange” relationship habits that thrive on their unresolved emotional issues.
Shame and the Cass Model Shame presents different sexual behaviors in one film. Sequentially, this section of the report, first, defines such identities and uses the Cass model to explain them. Developed by Vivienne Cass, in 1979, the Cass model identifies six stages in human sexuality – identity confusion, identity comparison, identity-tolerance, identity acceptance, identity pride, and identity synthesis (Moon 24).
Identity Confusion Stage: The identity confusion stage incorporates the awareness of sexually confusing feelings, such as attraction to the same-sex. Here, people may ask themselves questions like, “Am I gay?” or “Am I a lesbian?” People who experience this sexual confusion may find support from the occurrence of sexual identity along a spectrum (Moon 24). Therefore, they may be comfortable to explore several sexual identities.
Identity Comparison Stage: Unlike the identity confusion stage, the identity comparison stage outlines personal convictions for sexually confused people to accept their sexual identities (say, gay or lesbian). Here, confused people explore the wider implications of their identities, such as not having children, or being unable to legally marry. People that are in this stage may accept an unconventional sexual identity, but still have a heterosexual identity. They may do so by thinking that their unconventional sexual behaviors are temporary (Moon 24).
Identity Tolerance: The identity-tolerance stage manifests when people realize they are not the only ones with unconventional sexual identities. For example, at this stage, a person may realize that other gay people exist. Therefore, they feel they are not alone and seek partners that have the same sexual identities. Unlike the identity comparison stage, decreased social alienation characterizes this stage because afflicted people find solace in people who share the same sexual identities (Moon 24).
Identity Acceptance Stage: The identity acceptance stage manifests when people believe that their sexuality is acceptable. Stated differently, they start to believe that although they may have different/unconventional sexual traits; their lives would still be “livable.” Furthermore, instead of tolerating their sexual identities, they accept it.
Identity-Pride: The identity-pride stage manifests when people start to feel the need to let other people know who they are. For example, at this stage, people often understand why conventional and unconventional sexual identities exist. If they associate with unconventional sexual identities, they express pride in it and minimize contact with people who think differently. Broadly, this stage manifests in an “us vs. them” mentality (Moon 24).
Identity Synthesis: The identity synthesis stage is the last stage of the Cass model. At this stage, people perceive their sexual identities as part of personal identity. However, instead of sexual identities becoming wholesome parts of human identities, they only form part of it.
As shown above, the Cass model explains how people develop unique sexual behaviors. Particularly, it explains homosexual behaviors within the gay and lesbian community. This reference draws a special attention to the lead character, Brandon, in Shame, because his sexual adventures include engaging in sexual activities with other men. This happens in a night out in New York, when he goes to a gay bar and starts kissing another man.
They later enter a dimly lit room and engage in (what appears) as sexual intercourse. This act happens, although Brandon openly lives a heterosexual life (having sex with other women). In fact, this incident is the only part of the film where he engages in sexual activities with a man. Since Brandon has sex with women, as well, Shame depicts his sense of sexual adventure as a first stage of the Cass model – identity confusion stage.
Indeed, Brandon’s sexual relations with both sexes show that he has a confused sexuality. Here, Brandon’s “gay incident” shows the relevance of the Cass model in explaining human sexuality. Moreover, this incident shows the relevance of the identity-tolerance stage, which outlines people’s quest to seek people who profess the same sexual attitudes as they do. When Brandon went to the gay bar, he sought solace from other gay people.
He did so, almost effortlessly because he did not hesitate to engage in sexual relations with another man, unlike people who are “trying out” a new sexual lifestyle. Instead, he participates in consensual sex with another man, almost as if he knew what he was doing, or he had done before. Therefore, this incident shows that Brandon sought solace from other people who resonated with his sexual preferences (sexual tolerance stage).
The film fails to show how Brandon’s multiple sexual identities affect him. However, it shows how his homosexual and “sexually awkward” behaviors isolate him from the society. This representation affirms the identity comparison stage, which outlines the awareness and the consequences of a person’s sexual identity. For example, Brandon understood that other people would not accept his “awkward” sexual habits.
Therefore, he chose to live an isolated/solitary life. Coincidentally, although he was about 30 years old, Brandon did not have a family, or live with any family member, until his sister came. Shortly after his sister started to live with him, he became uncomfortable with her presence (around the house) because he understood that, he could not engage in his “wild” sexual behaviors anymore.
This fact manifests when he gets overly angry with her for walking into the bathroom, unannounced, and finds him masturbating. After this incident, he storms out of the house in a rage. Later, he indirectly complains about her unannounced stay at his apartment. He insinuates that she should leave and “let him be.”
These feelings manifest because Brandon understands that his actions isolate him from the society and he is uncomfortable when people infringe on his personal space. Surprisingly, he is comfortable with this fact and prefers to keep it that way. This analysis outlines the identity comparison stage because it defines people’s resolve to understand the implications of their sexual attitudes/behaviors (they learn to live with them).
Lastly, the identity synthesis stage also manifests in Brandon’s sexuality. As shown in this paper, this stage highlights how people perceive their sexual identities, as part of their personal identities (instead of sexual identities becoming wholesome parts of human identities, they only form part of it). Although many sexual behaviors define Brandon’s sexual identity, he lives an “ordinary” life as a paid New York employee.
His sexuality does not directly affect his life, except for the one incidence when his boss found pornographic materials in his computer. Nonetheless, Brandon lived a normal life and his multiple sexual identities did not seem to affect his life (directly). Overall, the Cass model shows how Brandon developed his wild sexual behaviors and how he lived with them. Within the wider framework of Brandon’s “gay incident” Gummow (4) says such sexual adventures stem from increased opportunities to explore sexual fantasies (that exist today).
He says many societies today enjoy increased freedoms to pursue alternative sex lifestyles. Moreover, he affirms the existence of sexual groups (like Brandon’s gay club), that promote specific sexual lifestyles that past societies considered shameful and unacceptable (Gummow 4). Today, like-minded people exploit these freedoms through increased sexual adventure (Gummow 4).
Shame and the Evolutionary Theory The evolutionary theory explains the wide spectrum where modern sexual practices exist. This theory stems from the works of Charles Darwin, through his book, The Origin of Species (Rosario 23). Broadly, the theory explains how organisms change over time, in terms of behaviors and physical attributes.
The theory also suggests that these changes occur for better environmental adaptation. Scientifically, many people have used this theory to explain animal behavior. However, sociologists have also used the same framework to explain human sexuality. Rosario (23) says this theory has helped to explain several aspects of people’s sexual behaviors (particularly heterosexual relationships). This section of the paper explains the relevance of the theory in explaining several “wild” sexual behaviors depicted in the film, Shame.
Brandon’s Sexual Adventures
Through the film, Shame, Brandon engages in “wild” sexual activities at work and at home. For example, he often took several breaks at work to masturbate in the toilet. He did the same while at home. Furthermore, he would later have sexual intercourse with the prostitutes he called to his home, and the women he met at the club. For example, Brandon’s sense of sexual adventure manifests when he goes to a bar, one night, and meets a woman at the counter.
They immediately lock eyes and he starts to tell her what he would do to her, sexually. Later, he narrates graphical details about his fantasy for her, until her boyfriend comes along and an argument ensues. After this argument, the film shows Brandon in a train with multiple injuries on his face (meaning he had fought with the boyfriend).
In a different scene, Brandon engages is a random sexual act with two women when he visits their apartment. The film shows the protagonist engaging in sexual relations with both women, at the same time. These sexual activities show that Brandon was overly adventurous with this sexuality.
The evolutionary theory explains the sexual behaviors of Brandon as comprising an innate need to spread the human gene to future generations. For example, the evolutionary theory suggests that although Brandon may have experienced pleasure masturbating, the need to have sexual intercourse, with real women, was unavoidable because, as a man, he had to transfer his genes to future generations through sexual intercourse. Indeed, the evolutionary theory explains why people often prefer sexual intercourse to masturbation.
However, the society often promotes the idea that masturbation is an undesirable practice that often exists among “socially awkward” people who cannot get a sexual partner. Moreover, evolutionary theory subsets suggest that masturbation produces a stronger physiological intensity than other types of sexual activities.
Nonetheless, Eisenman (2) observes that although some societies may perceive the practice as taboo, people always engage in such activities because it is an inherent human trait for people to investigate what gives them pleasure and continue doing it.
Sister’s Sexual Adventures
Brandon was not the only character in Shame that exhibited “wild” sexual behaviors. As shown in this paper, the sexual relationship between his sister and his boss also shows how both characters adopted unconventional sexual behaviors. For example, although a married man, Brandon’s boss sleeps with Brandon’s sister, at Brandon’s home, after a night out.
This incident disturbs Brandon, but he is unable to stop it because he does not want to argue with his boss. However, he later complains to his sister about her sexual relations with his boss because he was in a compromised position, where he had to choose between both of them.
Although the sexual act may not (particularly) support the thesis of this paper, this sexual encounter presents an interesting analytical piece because both parties were in other sexual unions. For example, Brandon’s sister was in another relationship with an unknown man because his brother often overheard her talking to an anonymous person and professing her love for him. Similarly, Brandon’s boss had a wife and children at home.
Yet, he did not hesitate to have sexual relations with Brandon’s sister. Broadly, these incidences occurred almost casually for the characters. They marked a departure from constrained sexual unions (in past societies) to unregulated sexual behaviors (in modern society). Pearson (11) believes that the sexual behaviors of Brandon’s sister represent her damaged “feminism.” These behaviors also match her brother’s malfunctioning masculinity (Pearson 11).
Singh (6) believes that these sexual adventures represent a new era where women are becoming bolder in expressing their sexual and emotional needs outside the conventional confines of marital unions.
Comparatively, Gummow (2) adopts a broader understanding of today’s sexual liberties by saying the changing nature of societal perceptions towards human sexuality stem from increased exposures to erotic content. Relative to this assertion, he says, “Society’s increasing openness towards erotica, coupled with greater exposure and opportunities today to seek out adventurous sexual behavior has certainly enabled us to broaden our sexual palate” (Gummow 2).
Although the above commentators affirm the growing sense of sexual adventure in modern society, the evolutionary psychology explains the reaction of Brandon to his sister’s relationship with his boss. Evolutionary psychology suggests that most men are more sexually adventurous than women are, in terms of sexual behavior and fantasy (Eisenman 9). It also shows that most men are more adept to engaging in sexual relations with many partners, and are more comfortable doing so with strangers, than women are.
The same framework explains why women are more inclined to tolerate infidelity than men are. This finding exists within the same understanding of “gene spread” analogy. Deep within this understanding is the need for women to feel emotionally secure and cared for. Based on this understanding, the main threat for women is a man developing an emotional attachment with another woman.
Similarly, the main threat for men is their women having sexual relations with other men because they could raise an offspring that does not have their genes. This fact explains the differences between male and female jealousy. This is why even famous women tend to tolerate infidelity and wild sexual behaviors of their men.
However, men seem to have a problem doing the same. From this observation, Eisenman (9) says, “Women tolerate their boyfriends, or husbands, for having sex with others, but men will often seem to go crazy when their mates do that, and may engage in violence. This behavior does not seem to fit the pattern of the more accepting male” (9).
Moore (1) says the sexual adventures showed in Shame reflect the same behaviors in modern society. In fact, he says most of Brandon’s behaviors represent the sexual energy that characterizes many American cities. Referring to New York’s social culture, he says,
“You can feel that pulsating energy day or night in the Big Apple, on the street, the line of women as they wait in line for a bus at rush hour on Fifth Avenue, the looks you get from them as you walk by, at bars, restaurants, and bookstores” (Moore 1).
Similarly, Moore (1) says he is familiar with all the sexual behaviors Brandon depicts in the film. They largely represent today’s sexual behaviors. From the same view, he says,
“For better or worse, many men and women in the audience will likely recognize parts of themselves in Brandon. Some will recognize themselves as people who have behaved almost exactly the way Brandon does in Shame. We have all looked at pornography. We have all had our sexual adventures. We all think about sex. And fantasize about it” (Moore 9).
Comprehensively, Shame shows the growing sexual freedoms and adventure that characterize modern society.
Conclusion This paper argues that the film, Shame, fits into a wider social pattern of increased sexual adventures in the society. Infidelity, same-sex relationships, group sex, online sex, and prostitution are some evidences of this fact. Most of the characters in the movie adopt at least one of these practices.
However, Brandon’s sexual practices encompass most of these acts. Therefore, he is the epitome of sexual adventure in the film. Moreover, his wild sexual adventures border on sexual addiction. This paper also relies on the attachment theory, evolutionary theory, and the Cass model to explain the increased sexual adventures that Shame portrays.
The attachment and the evolutionary theories share similar findings because they explain the “wild” sexual behaviors of the characters, through biological and psychosocial explanations. For example, the attachment theory affirmed biological influences, as opposed to fantasy, in explaining deviant sexual habits. Particularly, it highlights the lack of attachment during the early developmental years of a child, as the main cause of deviant/adventurous sexual behaviors during the adult years.
Comparatively, the evolutionary theory adopts a biological perspective to explain increased sexual adventures in the society by highlighting reproduction need influences on male and female sexual behaviors. This theory mainly explains infidelity, group sex, online sex, and prostitution, as demonstrated through Brandon’s sexual behaviors. Overall, the sexual behaviors of Brandon, and other characters in the film, Shame, show a high prevalence of liberal sexual attitudes/adventure in modern society.
Works Cited Aloisi, Silvia. Film Shame Brings Sex Addiction Tale To Venice. Reuters, September. 2011.
Eisenman, Russell. Evolutionary Psychology and Human Sexuality. Social Psychology, November. 2002.
Gummow, Joddie. Kinky Sex: Have We Become More Sexually Adventurous? Alternet Organization, February. 2014.
Mackenzie, Mandolyn. Shame. Word Press, December. 2013.
Moon, Lyndsey. Feeling Queer Or Queer Feelings?: Radical Approaches to Counselling Sex, Sexualities and Genders. London: Routledge, 2014. Print.
Moore, Omar. Shame: A Harrowing, Powerhouse of Sex Addiction via Steve Mcqueen. Examiner, December. 2011.
Pearson, Chris. The Reasons Shame Is My Least Favorite Movie of 2011. The Critical Condition, December. 2011.
Porter, Jake. Addiction and Attachment Theory. Academia, January. 2013.
Rosario, Vernon. Homosexuality and Science: A Guide to the Debates. New York: ABC-CLIO, 2002. Print.
Shame. Dir. Steve McQueen. Momentum Pictures, 2011. DVD.
Shemmings, David. “Adult attachment theory and its contribution to an understanding of conflict and abuse in later-life relationships.” Journal of Adult Protection 2.3 (2000): 40 – 49. Print.
Singh, Vanita. A Byte of The Apple. India Today, January. 2006.
Unger, Rhoda. Handbook of the Psychology of Women and Gender. London: John Wiley
Language Contact Situation Essay a level english language essay help
Language contact is one the most researched social science problem in the modern society. There has been a need to explain the events that always take place during such interactions, and their possible outcome. According to Baker and Hengeveld (2012), when there is an interaction between two or more communities, it is likely that the language spoken by the dominant group will prevail over other smaller spoken languages.
A linguistic diglossic relationship will develop especially when two or more languages have almost similar number of speakers (Rosenberg 2003). Analyzing this relationship among children can be very interesting because the barrier in language will not stop them from the urge to interact and play together.
This analysis will also give a true result of this relationship because children would talk freely without fear of ridicule from peers. In this study, the focus was on the experience of international students at CBU bringing up their young children in Cape Breton in an English dominant environment.
This study was conducted within a small location with a high number of international students within Cape Breton. The focus was to determine the result of the interaction of different languages that these young children had learnt as their first languages. According to Baker and Hengeveld (2012), young children have a higher ability to learn a foreign language than the older people.
This is partly attributed to their aggressiveness in trying to understand a foreign language by making several mistakes and learning from these mistakes. One thing that was observed was that, in this community, the first language for these young children was numerous. This population had Africans, Arabs, Indians, Portuguese, Chinese and European. The language was so diverse that it was difficult for the children to learn all of them.
During the initial interactions of these young children with varying languages, it was interesting to witness their manner of speech. Most of the communication was done using sign language. One child would issue an instruction in its mother tongue only for the other party to respond in a different language. Although this phenomenon was a little shocking to them, they easily adapted to it.
It was witnessed that these young children would try to pick some words from other parties that were commonly used in order to make the communication easier. However, their language gradually converged to English because of a number of factors. According to Baker and Hengeveld (2012) children are great learners and they would be attentive to observe environmental factors that affect them directly. It would be interesting to analyze why the language of these children shifted from their mother tongue to English.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the research by Baker and Hengeveld (2012), a dominant language will always eclipse other minor languages in case of language interactions. This scholar says people would find it easy adopting the dominant language, especially if it is the language of the natives.
This is what took place in this particular case. When these children went playing as a group, one common language that was coming out was English. Some of these children had already learnt English besides their mother tongue out of their parents’ initiatives. When they realized that some of their peers could understand English, they considered switching from their first language to this common language.
This forced those who could not learn English to make an effort and learn the language. Some of the words that were learnt within a short period of interaction included ball, shoot, friend, run, and thank you. These were words that were common during such games. There were instances when some of these children engaged in what one would consider a learning process. A child would be seen explaining some words to its peer so that they could communicate effectively. This played a great role in helping them understand this language.
The communication between these children at school, in the playing field, or at home also played a major role in enhancing their knowledge of English. In their preparatory school, the language that was used by the teachers was English. This means that these children had to understand this language. Such interactions also made them realize that this English was the right language to be used in social forums.
In the playing fields, these young children interacted with adults who were giving those instructions, guidance, or other such interactions. Their communication would be made in English. This was a further pointer to these youngsters that this was the language for all social forums. Finally, the interaction with their parents and family friends back at home also played a major role in making them shift from their mother tongue to English.
For instance, Arab child would be greeted by a Chinese family friend in English. At first, the child will take time to respond based on the guidance of the parents. However, they would slowly come to understand that this is the language they should speak in their everyday life. As Rosenberg (2003) observes, it is common for such children to forget their mother tongue, unless their parents decides to engage them actively in their language as they develop.
References Baker, A.,
Martin’s Textiles Company Analysis Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Issue identification When the American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was enacted, the Martin’s Textiles was plunged into a major survival challenge (BrainMass par. 1). The agreement was adopted with the aim of tariff elimination. In addition, the quota system was introduced for all imported textile products from Mexico and Canada. Worse still, the company had been making progressive losses for a couple of years.
Some of the long term customers were also threatening to quit doing business with the Martin’s Textiles because the company had raised its prices. As a result of these developments, the Chief Executive Officer of the company (John Martin) had to decide whether to transfer the production of textiles to Mexico (BrainMass par. 5).
However, making such a decision was not easy for John bearing in mind that the production plant in New York had several advantages. Nonetheless, relocating the production to Mexico would probably minimize the cost of labor and also diffuse the possibility of the company going into bankruptcy.
Analysis Although the Martin’s Textiles has been in operation for over 100 years, the current market competition is proving to be a major challenge. For example, there are several cheap imports from the Asian markets as well as the local production. The cheap goods are hurting the domestic market.
In addition, the cost of labor is apparently high ($12.5 per hour). The high cost of labor has been occasioned by the fact that all the employees of the company are unionized. If the company decides to operate in Mexico, the labor expenses may be sustainable (BrainMass par. 9). The high cost of competition is indeed compelling the company to seek other austerity measures.
Moving the production of textiles to Mexico has its own merits and demerits. For instance, Mexico is well endowed with a cheap human resource base. In other words, the company will be in a position to sustain the cost of labor. Second, tariff elimination implies that the overall cost of production will be lowered. Consequently, the company will revert to profitability.
As much as the above benefits may be derived, it is still not clear whether the purported production advantages will be practically realized. To begin with, it cannot be an easy task to secure a committed, reliable and loyal workforce as it is the case with the operations in the New York textile plant (Myers, Bryce and Kakabadse 17).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Workers in this textile factory pledge their allegiance to the company. They are also very productive. Such benefits cannot be guaranteed when the company will move its operations to Mexico. The current labor relation with employees is indeed great because most of them have worked for the company for a long time.
A simple SWOT analysis can be used to demonstrate the possible strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that may be realized if the company moves to Mexico (see appendix).
Recommendations The company should relocate part of its production to Mexico in order to enjoy the trade benefits that will be accrued from the NAFTA partnership. The remaining textile plant in New York should be downsized both in terms of employee reduction and the scale of production.
Since the cost of labor in Mexico is considerably low, the Martin’s Textiles will return to profitability within a short time. Finally, the company should seek cheap sources of raw materials and also expand its production lines according to the needs of the market (Zahra and Covin 451).
Appendix: SWOT analysis for John Martin’s Textiles Strengths
Loyalty from employees
Low labor cost in Mexico
Adequate knowledge in production
Lower taxes in Mexico
Benefits of NAFTA agreement
Tariff elimination in Mexico
Available raw materials in Mexico
Absence of vital skills in Mexico
Importation hurdles to the US market
Low customer retention in Mexico
Molding a new customer base in Mexico
Closing the US market
Stiff competition in Mexico
Works Cited BrainMass. Martin’s Textiles case: Shift production to Mexico NAFTA. 2014.
Myers, Andrew, Mairi Bryce, and Andrew Kakabadse. “Business Success and 1992: The Need for Effective Top Teams.” Management Decision 30.6 (1992): 17. Print.
Zahra, Shaker and Jeffrey, Covin. “Business Strategy, Technology Policy And Firm Performance.” Strategic Management Journal (1986-1998) 14.6 (1993): 451. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Martin’s Textiles Company Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
The Bleeding Heart Restaurant and Bistro Swot Analysis Case Study writing essay help
Table of Contents Company Background
Company Background The Bleeding Heart Restaurant and Bistro serves more than a thousand guests on a daily basis, even though Robert and Robyn Wilson faced a lot of criticism that it would not succeed when they established it in 1983. In addition, it offers French foods and its name is linked to the eleventh century, Lady Elizabeth, who met her death there. The annual Winter Ball was a highlight of the London social season and this made this place famous. This essay examines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats facing this restaurant.
Strengths The greatest strength of this restaurant is that it has a rich history and every journalist dreams of spending a night here. It has been used to honor ancient writers like Charles Dickens, who wrote praises about it. Its initial architectural and cultural values enable it to serve a multi-segment market and compete with other popular joints. It’s farmyard illustrations offer the impression of a game drive and this keeps visitors coming back for more adventure in this restaurant as they enjoy a variety of excellent-value wine.
In addition, media comments from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Transworld Publishers, Wall Street Journal, Business News and Harden’s London Restaurant Guide enabled this hotel to market itself in the international level especially in America. Moreover, it was feted as one of London’s Top Ten Bars six months after it was established and this achievement has been maintained to the advantage of this investment.
Its performance and services were rated as London’s most romantic by The Times and this has continued to promote its image in the local and international scenes. Moreover, it has massive capital that enables it to hire the services of professional advertisers like the Wilsons and other prominent local dailies
Weaknesses The Bleeding Heart Restaurant and Bistro relies on its rich history to market its products and services. However, there is no guarantee that this trick will help this business in the future. Clients are running away from traditional themes and thus this company should modify its presentation and appearance to retain its clients.
In addition, it focuses on French dishes yet it has an international appeal to clients. This limits its client base and lowers its profits. Moreover, some people do not like visiting places that are associated with death. Therefore, Lady Elizabeth’s memories will not be an advantage to this restaurant because it will discourage potential customers from visiting it.
Opportunities This investment has higher chances of expanding its client base by blending traditional and modern architectural and cultural aspects. It has a large farmyard that can be converted into a mini-game park for social wild animals like birds. In addition, it can construct a modern restaurant in this farmyard to ensure it attracts clients from both (traditional and modern) worlds.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lastly, it should utilize its rich history and huge capital to advertise its service and products and if possible subsidize its prices to ensure clients do not forget the wonderful experiences available in its premises.
Threats Fast food restaurants are threats to all traditional hotels because they offer quick and ready services and products. The products and services of The Bleeding Heart Restaurant and Bistro are not flexible and this means that other upcoming modern hotels stand high chances of competing with this investment. In addition, its peaceful and natural farmyard is facing the risk of extinction because of pollution and encroachment from the hotel and neighborhood populations.
Lastly, this restaurant relies on its rich history to attract customers. However, the present generation does not have a keen eye on issues that had significant meaning in the past. Therefore, it may be deserted if it does not introduce modern aspects in its dishes and themes.
Research Methods: Experimental or Quasi-Experimental Study Research Paper online essay help: online essay help
How the application of the designs differ In this study, the first aspects of the design involved identification of variables. The quasi independent variable was the use of iPad technology. The study was focused on determining how the use of iPad technology among children in kindergarten affected early literacy skills.
The use of the quasi experimental design used in this study deferred with some of the conventional approaches in many ways. The researcher had absolute control over the assignment to treatment condition (Cubelic
La Costra Nostra and Al-Qaeda: Similarities and Differences Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Today, more than ever before, it is important for criminologists, law enforcement officers and other stakeholders to have adequate knowledge in differentiating between organized crime and terrorism, particularly in light of the fact that scholars now believe that the convergence of international terrorism and organized crime is increasingly becoming a reality (Shelley
Business Objectives’ Achievement: Market Penetration Essay college application essay help
Market penetration refers to the ratio of the total number of customers who purchase a certain commodity at any given period of time to the total targeted population. It involves either increasing the current market share of an existing product or promoting a new product into an existing market. Thus, it basically encompasses all activities by a company aimed at popularizing its brand within a market with existing similar products.
Successful market penetration is achieved when the company is able to convince and take over competitors’ clients as well as obtaining new clients for its products. Common strategies employed to achieve market penetration include, adjusting prices, promotions, product improvement advertising and increasing distribution channels.
A company can effectively increase its market share through adjusting the prices of its products in such a way that they offer slightly lower prices compared its close competitors. Low prices are meant to appeal and attract more customers who are willing to offer a lower amount for the same products.
A general assumption made here is that higher prices deter potential customers from purchasing products and the reason for lowering prices is to increase the total number of product units purchased as compared to sales from competitors (Aaker, 2012). In some rare cases, a company may decide to implement higher product prices with the view that the total revenue realized from each sold product unit which in turn generates into increased sales volume.
Increasing distribution can also aid in market penetration. This strategy is meant to ensure constant availability of products to the potential customers or clients by increasing the means through which products are availed to customers.
One such method to achieve this is through telemarketing where customers and retailers place their orders for the company’s products online via electronic mails as well as phone calls. Telemarketing can be used alongside retail selling in order to increase distribution channels. Buying more display space in retail units can also help increase product distribution since the quantity available for display subsequently increases with display space.
Promotions, advertisements and customer incentives are other strategies employed to achieve market penetration. Advertisement is the oldest and widely used strategy in market penetration and may be carried out through the media or by engaging sales representatives. It is basically carried out to create awareness about existing products being offered by the company.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Promotions are common, especially when trying to enter new markets or introducing new products. The company may opt to conduct a massive promotion campaign targeted at creating more awareness about its products as well as luring more customers to purchase its brand.
Promotions can also be short lived to run within a given time span. During this period, the company may give away small prizes to customers to further lure them into purchasing their products (Aaker, 2012). Alternatively, the company may also offer drastically reduced prices for its brands for a given time span. Promotions are not only aimed at penetrating new markets, but also to regain lost market share.
Product improvement is the latest strategy in market penetration. This is a term used to refer to utility improvement in products. Basing on the sales realized the company may opt to make certain adjustments on its products either to improve the quality or make them more appealing to the customers.
This may include creation of extra application for products, improved packaging or improved quality. Product improvement is aimed at increasing purchases after experience; customers need to first test the products before increased sales is realized.
Reference Aaker, D. (2012). Strategic Market Management. London, UK: McGraw Hill
Descartes’ Argument for the Existence of God Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Rene Descartes is a renowned philosopher and mathematician of French descent. Descartes’ ontological argument is an a priori argument to prove God’s existence. The argument is based on the analysis of God’s essence rather than on empirical evidence (Oppy 22).
In Rene Descartes’ view, all human beings have an inherent conception of a perfect entity. Descartes argues that we cannot envisage a perfect entity if the entity does not exist. Moreover, since human beings are imperfect, the idea of a perfect being does not originate from us and must have been placed in us by an already existing perfect being.
Descartes postulates that God must exist because existence is perfection and God is utterly perfect. To prove God’s existence, Descartes begins by describing God a ‘supremely perfect being’ (Oppy 21). In Descartes’ postulation, God is omnipotent, omnipresent and independent, and is the perfect being that can be conceived.
Descartes argues that since an existence is more real than nonexistence, and because God is exceedingly perfect, it is only logical that God exists (Oppy 23). This argument implies that if God does not exist, then he is not supremely perfect. Consequently, by His very nature of supreme perfection, God must exist.
In his exemplification of the ontological argument, Rene Descartes equates God’s nature to a triangle, whose essence comprises the interior angles that make up one hundred and eighty degrees. We, therefore, cannot envisage God without imagining existence.
I do not believe that Descartes’ ontological argument succeeds in proving the existence of God. As appealing as the ontological argument appears, Descartes commits a major logical fallacy by assuming that the existential verb is similar to other properties, and can be possessed or not possessed. However, existence is a trait different from any other trait. Something either exists or does not exist.
Descartes’ ontological argument also fails to prove God’s existence since it makes the assumption that anything conceived in the human mind has to be existent in reality. For instance, it implies that if a person has an idea of a perfect island unlike any other, then the island must exist.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If one accepts Hume’s account of the degree to which we have the knowledge of causation, is science possible? Explain your view fully Regarding the idea of causality, David Hume starts by asserting that all human beings possess an idea of causality (Beebee 46). What interests him is the nature of the idea of causality and how people arrive at this idea. According to Hume, the idea of causality begins from single impressions. These impressions offer no basis for causality as they are complete in themselves. According to Hume, multiple impressions of empirical events cannot be extrapolated to predict new events.
Hume argues that just because two events (such as X and Y) occur together does not imply that one causes the other. Hume concedes that when X and Y constantly appear together, the appearance often generates an impression of causality. According to Hume, the only truth is that so far, we have been able to perceive X each time we have perceived Y. Hume seems to distinguish between correlation and causation, and implies that cause-effect relationships are creations of the mind.
Hume’s argument gets interesting when he postulates that regardless of the number of times we witness a succession of events (such as a ball moving in a certain way when struck), we cannot predict the succession of events (Moore and Bruder 133). This argument by Hume attacks the core of scientific experimentation where certain steps are intended to generate specific results.
In science, experiments are repeated to establish causality and inferences of causality are made depending on the rate at which X and Y occur together. Hume, on the other hand, believes that causation is a figment of human imagination. He implies that when the human mind gets accustomed to witnessing two events appear in sequence, it starts to anticipate a particular event to precede another. For a follower of Hume’s principle of causation, scientific experimentation and theorization is impossible.
What is the distinction between a hypothetical imperative and a categorical imperative? How is this relevant to Kantian moral theory? Imperatives are directives that guide us on what we should or should not do (Rescher 23). Immanuel Kant differentiates between categorical and hypothetical imperatives.
Hypothetical imperatives inform us of the course of action we should take if we intend to achieve a particular goal. For instance, if one wants to stay out of jail, he should not steal. Unlike hypothetical imperatives, categorical imperatives instruct us on what should be done regardless of personal desires. For example, we should not steal whether we desire to stay out of jail or not.
By differentiating between categorical and hypothetical imperatives, Immanuel Kant positions categorical imperatives as the foundations of moral actions (Moore and Bruder 137). Kant postulates that categorical imperatives approach morality from the perspective of one’s duty within the setting of goodwill. Kant’s imperatives are simply formulas of reasoning that determine the will of individual action.
We will write a custom Essay on Descartes’ Argument for the Existence of God specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Kant argues that the categorical imperative is the basic principle of moral duty (West 223). The categorical imperative is called an imperative because it commands people to exercise their will in certain ways and to choose certain courses of action over others.
It is categorical since it applies to people unconditionally, without considering the consequences or ends. The categorical imperative is particularly significant to Kant’s moral philosophy since Kant advocates for people to be treated as ends in themselves rather than as a means to an end.
Kant distinguishes the hypothetical imperative from the ‘moral ought’ (categorical imperative) by introducing the concept of ends (Moore and Bruder 135). The hypothetical imperative requires actors to exercise their rational will in a conditional form that considers the consequence of the actions.
The hypothetical imperative only applies to actors who intend to achieve certain ends by their actions. For instance, if you want a good job you need to go to school. This comparison implies that the only reason the actor has for going to school is to get a good job. In Kant’s view, the hypothetical imperative involves more than just desiring an end. It requires the actor to exercise practical rationalization and dedication to accomplish that end.
The Kantian morality is grounded in the categorical imperative. For an action to be perceived as having been motivated by good will, the actor ought to act according to a maxim that can be made a universal law.
Outline the forms of utilitarianism developed by Bentham and Mill. What are the principle differences between them? Which do you believe is the most defensible, and why? Utilitarianism is a moral principle in philosophy propagated by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill (Bailey 103). It is primarily concerned with establishing the greatest amount of happiness or pleasure to the largest number of people. Bentham’s ethical theory makes sense when viewed in the context of his political theorization in which he tries to establish a sensible methodology for legal and legislative decisions.
Bentham advocates for a scientific method founded on the concept of utility in dealing with legal and moral problems. Bentham introduces a calculus for measuring pain and pleasure using intensity, certainty, nearness, duration, fecundity, and purity. His utilitarianism also considers the extent of pain or pleasure expected from an action.
Mill’s utilitarianism focuses on the quality of happiness rather than the quantity of pleasure (West 23). Compared to Mill’s theory, Bentham’s pleasure calculus seems unreasonable, since the qualities of pleasure are not quantifiable. In response to this weakness, Mill’s utilitarianism proposes a greatest happiness principle where an action is good if it produces the greatest amount of happiness to the largest number of people.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Descartes’ Argument for the Existence of God by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Mill distinguishes between higher and lower pleasures. To avoid creating a swinish philosophy, Mill advocates for people to embrace higher pleasures such as music, poetry and art. Lower pleasures include sex and food. Mill proposes experienced judges to help in distinguishing between different kinds of pleasures.
Mill’s utilitarianism is more defensible than Bentham’s since Mill advocates for goals and virtues besides pleasure (West 34). Bentham fails to address the problem of infringement of minority rights that might bring about maximization of the pleasures of the majority.
A problem that can arise from the maximization of pleasures includes lynching. Mill responds to this loophole by advocating for rights and justice. He asserts that happiness can only be ensured by establishing laws and rules that advance general happiness and guarantee individual rights.
Works Cited Bailey, Andrew. First Philosophy: Values and Society: Fundamental Problems and Readings in Philosophy, New York: Broadview Press, 2004. Print.
Beebee, Helen. Hume on Causation, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2006. Print.
Moore, Brooke and Kenneth Bruder. Philosophy: The power of ideas. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2011. Print.
Oppy, Graham. Ontological Arguments and Belief in God, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.
Rescher, Nicholas. Kant and the Reach of Reason: Studies in Kant’s Theory of Rational Systematization, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Print.
West, Henry. An Introduction to Mill’s Utilitarian Ethics, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Print.
The Bauhaus Influence on Architecture and Design Essay college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Founding of the Bauhaus
The Russian Revolution, the De Stijl, and Weimar Republic
Students and the curriculum
Departments and workshops
Effects of changes in leadership on Bauhaus style
The closure of Bauhaus
Introduction Bauhaus was a school in Germany founded in the year 1919 (Droste, 2002). Its curriculum comprised crafts like metal and woodwork, as well as fine arts. The institution was famous for a unique style of art referred to as the Bauhaus style or the international style. In addition, the school advocated for embracement of the style by artists and designers in Germany.
Bauhaus operated for 14 years (Droste, 2002). An architect known as Walter Gropius established the school in the Weimar Republic. After establishment, Bauhaus operated without a department for architecture even though its founder was an architect. In today’s world, the international influences art and architecture in many parts of the world.
Founding of the Bauhaus After practicing architecture for many years, Gropius decided to establish a school. The main intention of starting Bauhaus was to create a school that would incorporate all genres of art into its curriculum (James, 2006). Gropius was successful because Bauhaus style formed the foundation for the establishment of modern design and modernist architecture. The style influenced many genres of art during the 20th century.
Genres like art, graphic design, interior design, typography, architecture, and industrial design had many concepts of the international style (Droste, 2002). Bauhaus was founded in Weimar but later relocated to Dessau and Berlin due to political instability and financial problems. In Dessau, the school existed operated for seven years while in Berlin, it operated for one year (James, 2006). Its directors had varied influences on the curriculum.
Gropius directed the school from the year of establishment until 1928. Hannes Meyer who headed the school for two years succeeded Gropius. On the other hand, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe succeeded Meyer and directed the school for three years (Droste, 2002). Each of the directors altered the curriculum based on taste and preference in art.
The Russian Revolution, the De Stijl, and Weimar Republic The Russian Revolution elicited immense cultural experimentation in Germany after commencement of the communist rule (Maciuika, 2005). Three events heralded the emergence of German modernism. These include Germany’s defeat in World War I, disintegration of the German Monarchy, and obliteration of censorship (Maciuika, 2005). The ruling regime during the defeat of Germany had suppressed efforts by art enthusiasts to incorporate radicalism in their traditions and art.
The cultural experimentation that emerged after the Russian Revolution had far-reaching influence on many Germans. Theo von Doesburg was one of the founders of De Stijil. He contributed greatly to the suppression of expressionism in Bauhaus style (James, 2006). He claimed that the director was encouraging individual expression in art, which did not adhere to any discipline.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More De Stijl had a conviction that the role of art was to reconcile the masculine and feminine, as well as the negative and positive principles of nature (Droste, 2002). After visiting the Bauhaus in 1920, Doesburg was angered by the students’ activities. In 1921, he relocated to Weimar and announced a course for young artists. The announcement was aimed at fighting the school’s curriculum. Criticism from Doesburg motivated Gropius to create a new style that was incorporated into the curriculum (James, 2006).
Leaders of the Social Democratic party established the Weimar Republic in 1918. The constitution of the republic was drafted in Weimar, which was a cultural centre for the entire republic. The culture of the city created a foundation for establishment of Bauhaus in 1919. Gropius resisted the rise of cultural radicalism in Germany.
Therefore, he decided to establish a school that would pursue apolitical genres of art (Lupfer
The Word ‘Antique’ New Definition Essay essay help site:edu
In today’s capitalist markets, sellers are using various strategies to entice the usually naïve buyers. Marketplaces around the world are dominated by labels and classifications that are meant to put certain products in a class of their own. The same trend applies to the ‘aged’ products’ market. Traders always try to convince prospective customers that their products are vintage, retro, or antique with the aim of raising these products’ value.
It is quite difficult for an ordinary consumer to differentiate between a genuine antique dealer and an unscrupulous trader who is just trying to make a profit. Most buyers consider antiques to be ‘one-of-a-kind’ or ‘very old’ items. Moreover, antiques are often confused with rare, vintage, retro, or used items. For instance, some people consider things that were made before 1950 to be antiques.
According to popular English language definitions, ‘an antique is a collectible item such as a piece of furniture or work of art that has a high value because of its considerable age’. Other definitions associate antiques with valuable but old objects or objects that belong to ancient times. Due to the confusion surrounding the accuracy of what objects fit the antique-description, the definition of the term antique should be changed to explicitly refer to objects that are more than a hundred years old.
Most forums relating to antique items are misleading or lack sufficient research to back up their claims. Whenever one visits online forums and antique shows, he/she witnesses frequent usage of the terms ‘rare’ and ‘one-of-a-kind’. However, the usage of these terms cannot be justified by any other reason except the fact that the holder of the item is trying to convince his/her audience how valuable the item under scrutiny is.
For an item to be described using these terms, other factors have to be put into consideration. For instance, one has to consider what decade or era the item is from and how many of these items were in circulation during its manufacture. For example, an ancient coin might be rare but it cannot be one-of-a-kind. Most antique dealers tend to be ignorant about the factors that make a certain item vintage and they also lack the necessary tools to conduct comprehensive research on their items.
On the other hand, prospective antique buyers face the same challenges when they are perusing through antiques. Therefore, if the definition of antiques was changed to mean items of more than one hundred years, it would be easier to conduct research on the said items.
The timeline of the said antique would be easy to establish and in extreme circumstances, carbon dating methods can be used to certify the ‘antiqueness’ of an item. Antique buyers are mostly forced to rely on untrustworthy appraisers. Independent research on a product would help prospective buyers to establish the antiqueness of a certain product beyond doubt.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As early as 1930, the legal system defined antiques as items of a hundred years or more. In 1930, the United States’ government passed the Tariff Act. The Act was sponsored by the Customs Department and it limited the definition of antiques to those items that were made before 1830. The Tariff Act was reaffirmed in 1966 and it maintained the one hundred years’ threshold as the defining factor for antiques.
The Tariff Act was instituted to help the customs department deal with the confusion arising from definition of antiques. For example, antique-items do not incur Custom tax and individuals were referring to items of less than 100years old as antiques to avoid paying these taxes. The English language did not take the cue from the legal system but it maintained the existing state of confusion by not including the age limit of items to its definition.
The Tariff Act was later neutralized by the Mod Act, which included restored items to the definition of antiques. This amendment was made in 1993 and it has since contributed to the misuse of the word antique. Using the 1993 definition, antiques can refer to restored, repaired, or any items bearing the characteristics of the original article.
According to Mod Act of 1993, items can qualify to be termed as antiques even if in reality they are only fifty percent antique. These subsequent amendments to the legal definition of antique have undermined the quality and institution of antique business. If the definition was reverted to refer to antiques as century-old items, the integrity of antiquing would be maintained and the government would not lose money through avoided taxes.
Antiques are valued possessions whose integrity has stood the test of time. This integrity was previously recognized by the legal system through the 1930 and 1966 legislations, but it has since been neglected. Without an explicit definition, individuals will continue to pass of modern items as antiques with the intention of making a quick profit.
There is a lot of confusion surrounding the definition of the word antique with other similar terminologies such as rare, vintage, and retro. The confusion behind these terms stems from lack of a solid definition for the word antique. Some individuals including antique dealers themselves confuse between vintage and antique items.
The definition of the word vintage is mostly associated with wine. However, any item defined as vintage should be accompanied with its year of manufacture. For example, 1960s vintage Mercedes or 1930s vintage wine, are both correct usages of the word vintage. Therefore, vintage is a description about an era and not necessarily old age.
We will write a custom Essay on The Word ‘Antique’ New Definition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Consequently, an antique can only be described as vintage if its era is more than a century old while vintage can be used to describe items that are less than a decade old. Redefining antiques to refer to century-old items can help eliminate the misuse of the term vintage. The current description of the word antique does not emphasize on age limit of antiques and hence the confusion between the two terms. Retro is another term whose usage is often confused with vintage.
Retro is associated with the past, revival, and nostalgia. Therefore, individuals usually use the term antique to refer to retro items. For instance, not all retro items are antique because the latter does not necessarily have the element of nostalgia. The current definition of antiques has terminologies that touch on retro elements. For instance, Webster includes the words ‘relic’ and ‘ancient object’ in his definition of antique. Therefore, without a time-limited description both the terms antique and retro can be easily confused.
The confusion surrounding the use of the word antique could be eliminated by simply changing the current definition of the word. The most logical and effective approach is to include an age limit of one hundred years to any object that is described as antique. This approach would also make the term antique stand out from similar terms such as vintage and retro.
Controlling Organized Crime Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Organized crime affects law enforcement efforts in many countries. As a result, governments need to come up with effective enforcement strategies that are responsive to evolving crime trends. Organized crime is a form of crime that is committed by sophisticated criminal networks which engage in different forms of illegal conspiracies. Organized crime creates an environment of lawlessness in a particular location and thrives due to social and economic inequalities.
There are many factors that make it easy for criminal networks to carry out their activities without being deterred by law enforcement agencies. Inadequate resources, lack of tactical awareness, corruption and ineffective laws allow criminals to commit serious offences. This paper will discuss various issues that impact on organized crime and how they affect law enforcement in different areas where they are practiced.
Organized crime syndicates in various countries have been accused of using their transnational networks to engage in different types of illegal activities. Unethical behavior, rampant corruption and collusion by law enforcement officers make it possible for criminal syndicates to carry out their illegal activities with little or no interference from the state. In many instances, illegal schemes perpetuated by criminals make it difficult for law enforcement agencies to distinguish between legal and illegal business enterprises (Mallory, 2007, p. 56).
In the last three decades, there has been an increase in criminal enterprises that seek to gain high returns from illegal activities. However, in many instances, these enterprises are able to acquire a significant amount of power that allows them to influence the legislative agenda of different territories they operate in.
Criminal organizations are increasingly relying on different technological platforms to communicate and share ideas on how to evade arrests by law enforcement agencies. In addition, they are using proxy companies to cover up their activities to enable them to save large amounts of money which they obtain from criminal activities.
Despite these changes, crime intelligence and analysis strategies have not evolved to deal effectively with these new threats on law and order. Law enforcement officers lack the necessary resources required to deal effectively with complex criminal schemes that are planned and executed by large criminal organizations (Mallory, 2007, p. 59). It has become critical for law enforcement agencies to rely on different forms of tactical analysis to monitor new organized criminal trends and the impacts they have on different societies.
More importantly, ineffective laws do not place more emphasis on information sharing and this loophole makes it difficult for law enforcement officers to prevent serious criminal offenses from happening. As a result, criminal organizations find it easy to execute their activities without any form of deterrence from law enforcement agencies. The causal links between organized crime and socio-economic problems have not been adequately addressed in many countries (Mallory, 2007, p. 67).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This has made it easy for criminal syndicates to control poor urban settlements because they offer unemployed youth economic opportunities which elected governments cannot offer. Therefore, it is important for law enforcement agencies to appreciate the sociological factors that expose young people to crime to come with more effective remedies. They need to win the minds and hearts of residents in poor neighbourhoods to encourage them through community policing initiatives that address different criminal situations.
There are different legal limitations which hamper the fight against organized crime. Criminal experts argue that drug trafficking in Pakistan and Afghanistan enables terrorist groups to acquire funding which they use to destabilize governments. As a result, they are able to network with other terrorist cells in other parts of the world easily because they have the financial power needed to disguise their activities.
Policy makers are always distracted by bipartisan interests and they are slow to react to different criminal trends that pose a grave danger to national security. Criminal networks find it easy to clean up dirty proceeds from their activities through legitimate economic channels without being subjected to scrutiny (Mallory, 2007, p. 72). In many instances, financial firms are unwilling to reveal the nature of their dealings with large criminal enterprises to law enforcement agencies because they generate a lot of profits from such activities.
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Crime is one of the internationally recognized legal frameworks that outline steps governments need to follow to deal with organized crime.
However, its main weakness is the inability by foreign governments to share information with one another on how to eliminate intricate transnational criminal networks. Some countries have failed to institute extradition treaties with one another and as a result, they provide a safe haven to vicious international criminals (Hauck,
Cyprus Implications of Exiting the Euro Zone Essay (Article) essay help
The indication that Cyprus might leave the euro zone raises questions on the socioeconomic effects of adopting the Cyprus pound. The current economic crisis facing Cyprus highlights the ripple effects of the discontinuity in economies sharing a common currency. Cyprus exit from the euro zone would allow the country to restructure its economic infrastructure by introducing a domestic currency and floating exchange rates, which would boost exports and minimize the country’s trade balance.
A floating exchange rate would allow the Cyprus pound to rectify the country’s trade balance because the currency’s value will adjust in respect to Cyprus’ economy rather than as a projection of the entire euro zone (Nixon par. 5). The exchange rate mechanism (EMR) adopted among EU members limits the fluctuations of the value of a country’s currency, which negatively affects the response to deficit differentials in different countries.
Having the Cyprus pound would allow the country to engage in the simulation of the local currency by printing money proportionately. A flexible exchange rate would play a crucial role in correcting the economic inefficiencies facing Cyprus and boost sectors such as tourism to facilitate the country’s emergence from depression and high unemployment. A small economy has a high possibility of recovery from an economic crisis when using an individual currency because of the flexibility in adjusting rates.
For example, a forty percent decrease in the value of the Cyprus pound would translate into a forty percent decrease in the cost incurred by tourists visiting Cyprus. A surge in income generated through tourism can help the country to normalize the effects of high unemployment and increasing spending. Adopting the Cyprus pound would eliminate the main component of Cyprus capital account, which is the transfer of payments from the European Union for investment and capital transfer purposes.
Cyprus would experience an imbalance in its financial accounts due to an excess of the disposal of financial assets because investors would expect a devaluation of the Cyprus pound. Retaining the Euro increases the susceptibility of Cyprus to a fiscal crisis because of the lack of a currency that is responding to the local economic factors.
Having an individual currency eliminates transition costs, which faces countries relying on a major currency such as the Euro. Transition costs have detrimental effects on the operating costs of multinational corporations because of currency conversion, which arouse litigation cases. A multinational company in Cyprus owning a trading partner in Germany would have the challenge of accounting for the debt with Cyprus pounds or Euros.
Exiting the euro zone now would have devastating effects on Cyprus’ economic stability considering the current economic status of the country, which suffers from a large trade balance deficit due to an overreliance on imports. The devaluation of the currency for an economically unstable country may induce a massive withdrawal of deposits from banks due to risk aversion as investors shift to other stable currencies.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The exit of investors would have negative effects on Cyprus current account due to a decline in returns on investment as people transfer their assets to high-return currencies (Eun and Bruce G 213).The withdrawal of investors would counter the supposed benefits of devaluation of the Cyprus pound to enhance competition in the globe in the short-term. Cyprus economy would gradually improve and recover with the inflows on exports and services such as tourism to offset the deficit accrued on imports.
Works Cited Eun, Cheol, and Bruce Resnick. International financial management. 6th ed. 2011. Boston: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Print.
Nixon, Simon. “Cyprus Deposits a New Challenge on the Euro Zone.” The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones
Fast Food Industry and Its Impacts Essay essay help: essay help
First attempted in March 2004 the American Personal Responsibility in Food Consumption Act was successfully reintroduced in October 2005. The Act, nicknamed “the Cheeseburger Bill” has a purpose of protecting the fast food corporations from being sued by their own clients. The act says that the legal responsibility for consuming products stuffed with sugar and fat and harming their own health fully lies on the customers of fast food restaurants.
The film “Supersize Me” has revealed horrifying details. The experiment made in the film shows how consuming of the fast food influences the human body, presents a visual demonstration of the processes happening in our inside organs under the influence of chemicals contained in the food. McDonalds’ fast food even turns out to cause addictions. Consuming such products every day is not only harmful, it is also life threatening.
The film presents statistics of obesity level in the USA, general obsession with fast food, large advertisement campaigns and numerous restaurants with harmful meals all over the country. This experiment has brought awareness to the society, knowledge of what is being eaten in enormous portions. Of course, it became highly popular, caused a public reaction, a wave of attempts to sue the fast food companies and gave a push to the appearance of the Cheeseburger Bill.
The article from Fat2Fit suggests that we should simply outlaw the fast food companies that endanger public health (Cheeseburger Bill, 2011). Practically, fast food industry is gigantic, it is indescribably popular, its revenue is enormous.
The mega corporations that are spread all over the world are very well equipped, as it is said in the film “Supersize Me”, these corporations have many really experienced and expensive lobbyists working for them, and these lobbyists have one purpose – not to let the government pass the Acts that are not favorable for the business and income of the corporations, and at the same time help the Acts that work in favor of the corporations go through (“Supersize Me”, 2013).
To my mind, the consumers are helpless in this case; they are simply not a match to such powerful opponent as fast food mega corporations. Logically, the best excuse of all the obese consumers of fast food is useless. It is possible to sue a fast food company for “pushing” their product on the consumers, but it is not the company’s business to count our calories and tell us when we should stop consuming fat and sugar. The choice is and has always been ours.
Reference List Cheeseburger Bill. (27 Jul, 2011). Fat2Fit.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Villageconsciousness. (2 Jul, 2013). Supersize Me with English Subtitle.
Quantitative Approach to Research Essay best essay help: best essay help
Quantitative research is called this way because it is directly connected to numbers and data. Quantitative research works though collecting data, converting it into the form of numbers and processing it through the calculations and formulas (The Four Main Approaches, 2009).
The conclusions will be also presented in the numerical form. Reliable data is the strength of this approach; it allows more calculations and tests (Crossman, 2014). There are several different approaches to the quantitative research. There is a positivist approach – in the positivist way of thinking science is positioned as a way to learn the truth (Positivism
Hollywood Taxes for the Film Industry Essay a level english language essay help
The article “Hollywood Asks California to cut Taxes for the Film Industry” discusses a petition launched by Film Works aimed at convincing the state of California to implement tax cuts for the film industry. Film Works is a company that advocates for the rights of stakeholders in film production and distribution. In order to make the petition successful, the company launched an online appeal in order to elicit support from film enthusiasts.
The company’s main goal is to lobby for creation of tax incentives that will boost the growth of the film industry in California (Daily Caller News Foundation, 2014). Many states have implemented tax incentives for their film industries. Therefore, California is in danger of losing film producers, actors, and distributors to these states. Hollywood put California on the world map for being the unrivaled hub of film production in the world.
However, this is changing due to the decline of the film industry in the state. The reason for the petition is burgeoning operating costs that have curtailed growth (Pomerantz, 2014). In the past decade, costs have increased significantly. Many states have created incentives like tax credits in order to encourage film production (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014).
According to Film Works, failure to pass tax-cuts legislation might lead to loss of California’s monopoly in film production. The state is at risk of losing to other states because of lack of competitiveness (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014). Lowering taxes will give production companies an opportunity to compete effectively with upcoming companies around the country.
Film Works bases the argument on what happened decades ago when California lost its competitive edge in the aerospace industry. It failed to create tax incentives that would encourage companies to invest more money in the state. Companies moved to states that had better business environments. Thousands of jobs were lost and the rate of unemployment soared (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014).
It is important for the governor to act swiftly because the film industry has experienced significant decline in the last decade. For instance, between 2005 and 2013, the state lost 8,500 jobs (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014). According to the petition, Film Works ascribes loss of jobs to a declining market share of one-hour TV series by 38% (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014).
A report released by the San Francisco Film Commission revealed that loss of the aforementioned jobs had a twofold effect. First, it raised the rate of unemployment in California, and second, it affected the economy. According to the report, the economy loses about $112,000 for every job lost in the film industry (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The feature-film sector has also experienced significant decline in the past fifteen years. The decline prompted the state to give an incentive of $100 million in tax cuts (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014). However, it was insignificant and failed to boost the film industry. New York, Louisiana, and Georgia are examples of states that have cut taxes (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014).
The cuts have increased economic growth of individual states. After passing tax credit legislation in 2002, Louisiana experienced a surge in film production spending. Spending increased by 19,000 percent within a period of eight years (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014). Leading businesses have joined Film Work’s petition in effort to lobby Governor Jerry Brown to enact legislation to boost the declining film industry.
This is important it is a lucrative industry that makes great contributions to the growth of the economy. Supporters of the petition include SAG-AFTRA, Warner Bros, and the county of Los Angeles (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014). The petition was launched on grounds that failure to implement legislation to cut taxes would lead to loss of the film industry’s stakeholders to other states.
Paul Audley reiterated the effect of high taxes on the film industry. Audley said that the industry is waning and urged the governor to act swiftly. He added that high operating costs could drive producers, actors, and film distributors to other states that have better tax incentives (Daily Caller News Foundation 2014). Audley said that the governor has little time left to boost the film industry before stakeholders look for other options.
Research has shown that states that have created tax incentives for the film industry have experienced significant growth (Pomerantz, 2014). The film industry has been a monopoly of the state of California for a long time. However, there is stiff competition from other states that have realized the potential of the industry.
It is important for the governor to create tax incentives for the industry in order to enable it compete with other industries in other states that are growing rapidly (Pomerantz, 2014). Failure to act swiftly will affect stakeholders and the economy. On the other hand, it will lead to loss of jobs and consequently increase the rate of unemployment.
Film Work’s petition is an indication of tough economic times the industry is experiencing. In California, film production is a billion-dollar industry that contributes greatly to economic growth. However, the state has dropped to fourth position with regard to film production in the U.S. (Pomerantz, 2014).
We will write a custom Essay on Hollywood Taxes for the Film Industry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Daily Caller News Foundation: Hollywood Asks California to Cut Taxes for the Film Industry. (2014). Retrieved from http://dailycaller.com/2014/02/17/hollywood-asks-california-to-cut-taxes-for-the-film-industry/
Pomerantz, D. (2014). Cameras Rolling Away from California: State Falls to Fourth in Film Production. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/dorothypomerantz/2014/03/06/local-film-industry-in-deep-trouble-in-california/
The Dance Video “Matthew Bourne’s Swan Lake 2” Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Matthew Bourne’s Swan Lake 2 The video “Matthew Bourne’s Swan Lake 2” is a carefully choreographed piece of art. The choreographer has merged different aspects of dance to produce this masterpiece. To begin with, the choreographer has used both rhythmic and non-rhythmic composition techniques to make the dance spectacular. There is also variation and repetition thus making the composition entertaining.
The choreographer has also used the best emotional context, human energy, and space. The concept of improvisation is also notable in this dance. The choreographer has also used canon, unison, and shadowing choreographic techniques. The choreographer has used various dynamics to produce long, short, and soft movements (Matthew Bourne’s Swan Lake 2).
The performance quality of this dance is exemplary. For instance, the dancers sustain the best dynamics, time control, and space. This makes the dance meaningful and entertaining. The dance combines certain aspects of performance such as space, dynamics, and time.
The motion is fantastic because most of the dancers show proper coordination and movement. The dancers use their skills to interpret and communicate to the audience. This shows how the dancers commit themselves to the act. This explains why I have liked the dance (Matthew Bourne’s Swan Lake 2).
This video excerpt shows an orchestra dance technique. The dancers combine certain elements of dance to achieve their goals. The dancers use different choreographic techniques to pass across the intended message.
The dance excerpt portrays how choreographers can be sensitive about human emotions. I strongly believe that the content of this except encourages the viewer to appreciate the dance. The dance also embodies the best performance styles, movements, actions, and compositions (Matthew Bourne’s Swan Lake 2).
Remanso, Vladimir Malakhov, Parrish Maynard
Studies of African-American Women by Kimberle Crenshaw Essay cheap essay help
Kimberle Crenshaw presents the challenges that women encounter in their daily lives in various societies. The scholar explains the ways through which women have been using to reclaim their rightful positions in society. For instance, the author explains that violence is the major hindrance to the realization of individual goals among women and notes further that this is considered a routine that has been affecting their lives.
Feminists have come together to share their experiences that have helped them come to the realization that these injustices can best be fought through political instruments, as they have come to the realization that the political demands of millions speak strongly than the appeals of a few secluded voices.
The writer observes that injustices, such as wife battering and rape, were viewed in the traditional society as private issues that women were not expected to share with the public (Crenshaw 1241).
Again, aberrational, also referred to as errant sexual aggression, was an issue that affected women for many years, but a solution was not provided until recently when the problem is largely acknowledged as part of a broad-scale system of domination that influences the lives of women of all classes and a lasting solution has to be provided.
In the modern society, the recognition of social and systemic process of domination and subjugation is considered a long journey towards finding a permanent solution. Consequently, various groups, including women of color, gays, lesbians, and African-Americans are aware of the problems that they face in society and they have devised ways through which they can manipulate the system to ensure their survival.
All groups share one characteristic, which is employing identity-based politics in developing the solution, as this provides the strength, the sense of community, and intellectual knowledge. However, the scholar observes that the use of identity politics in advocating for the rights of the group raises tension because of the issue of social justice.
Kimberle Crenshaw’s view sheds light on Assanta Shakur’s experiences in the sense that she expresses the same problems that women faced in the United States, as Shakur’s autobiography suggests. Shakur gives a touching story of a poor African-American woman who sought healthcare services in one of the public hospitals in the country after sustaining serious injuries in a shootout.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More JoAnne Chesimard (Black Panther Assata Shakur) was almost dying in a hospital bed, but the police never cared about his condition, as they went on to ask her about the shootout incident that had taken place in New Jersey (Shakur 24).
The author observes that local, state, and federal security agents were only concerned with the information that the poor woman held, but they never considered her health given the fact that she was in a critical condition. The white state trooper had lost his life in the shootout, but the state agents were not concerned with saving the life of the African-American woman.
The state security agencies accused Shakur of shooting and killing the white trooper, even though there was no enough evidence supporting the claim. Shakur’s incarceration was based on the propaganda that had been extended by Edgar against blacks with an aim of defaming the black race, infiltrating the African-American, and criminalizing the nationalists and those fighting for the rights of the blacks.
The poor African-American woman was enslaved for four years before being imprisoned based on delicate evidence in 1977, with claims that she was co-conspirator in the assassination of the white trooper. Shakur notes that the state and the media presented blacks as bad people who were the major threat to the development of the country, which was never the case.
The government never gave blacks a chance to realize their potentials meaning that it only aimed at fulfilling the interests of the whites. Shakur decided to engage in activism after realizing that the government was weak and never wanted the blacks to exercise their rights in the country.
Similarly, Kimberle Crenshaw observes that the government supported male domination in society, as it opposed identify-based politics, terming it illegal and sensitive to the country’s security.
On her part, Angela Davis notes that feminism its related activism is a new phenomenon that aim at preventing sexual assault and domestic violence, even though a heated debate locally, nationally, and internationally is ongoing regarding the relevance of activists and politicians focused on feminist issues.
We will write a custom Essay on Studies of African-American Women by Kimberle Crenshaw specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Women in various prisons are aware of their rights and they are opposed to the idea of using them as objects to satisfy the wishes and desires of men (Davis 341). She notes that men are naturally violent and they always engage their spouses in conflicts without specific reasons, which results in manslaughter.
In this regard, she notes that all women in prisons should be handed amnesty, especially those who killed their husbands because they might have acted to save their lives. Unfortunately, the government is reluctant to listen to the pleas of feminist activities.
Kimberle Crenshaw observes that women are unable to achieve their interests because the government is indifferent to their sufferings. This claim supports the views of Davis as both underscore the fact that social structure does not help women in any way since men own and control it.
Works Cited Crenshaw, Kimberle. “Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color.” Harvard Law School, 1.1 (1984): 1241-1299.Print
Davis, Angela. “Public Imprisonment and Private Violence: Reflections on the Hidden Punishment of Women.” New England Journal on Criminal and Civic Confinement 24:2 (1998):339–351.Print.
Shakur, Assata. Assata: An Autobiography. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1999. Print.