The novel “Neverwhere” describes a fictional and seemingly non-existent place in the world. The people of one city stay invisible to one another but the possibility of this being the reality of the modern day is quite acceptable. The major themes of the story is that people can sometimes get more of what they bargained for in helping someone, that the reality of the world is very perceptive and individual, and that fiction and impossibility are very much connected to the reality of the world.
The novel starts in a very mysterious way that shows how simple things can be shown to be unknown and unfamiliar. When Richard gives an umbrella to the woman she says he has a good heart and this represents one of the major themes of the book (Gaiman 4). This proves that people are very much determined to act out inner urges which are based on their unique character and individuality.
As a sort of “thanks” that he is rewarded with, “Door” shows him a world that is much different from what he is used to seeing. The reward that he gets makes him discover that everything is not as simple as it seems at the first glance and that there are many people who are suffering. At this point it is possible to assume that Richard is not happy with what he is seeing but that he was provided a chance to experience all the things that he does for a reason.
In the beginning, he is unaware that the adventure will change his whole life and the same can be said about all people in the world. Often, a person going through a rough time does not see the true value of what is taking place. The person is emerged in the problems and hardships and has no time to contemplate and philosophize on the morality of life. This has a connection to the other theme of the novel that relates to the perceptions one has about the world and their own life.
It is made apparent from the beginning that Richard has a certain stand point in the world and his views are individual to his own self. From his side of the world, London is a place of prosperity and people’s constant involvement in activities and work.
During the course of his adventures he realizes that it is truly impossible to know something or someone until you become a direct and inseparable part of that entity. Even though there are things that can be said and shown to someone, so that they understand the matter of things, they will not really feel and comprehend what is the real emotion and world of the person until they see it through their own eyes.
This is exactly what happens when the main character is given a chance to take a look at the world he never knew existed. If someone has told him that such a place exists and very close by, he would never believe. Thus, the moral of the novel makes it central to his understanding of the reality. After a person goes through something like this, things are never the same and a person grows inside. It is a form of philosophy that the author wants to display for others to see.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The readers are given a chance to realize for themselves and determine that reality is very perceptive and the things that happen in the world are a part of a great chain of events that are all interconnected (Bealer15). The main link in the chain is the person acting according to these events but also to the internal structure of own thoughts and emotions. This connection between the self and the outside world leads into another theme which pertains to the world and its reality.
Even though the city described in the novel is fictional, it is possible to see how it is also real. It might be fantastic and mystical at the first glimpse but no one really knows what is going on in the invisible part of the reality. The fact that there are things that people do not see is a certain assertion.
Metaphorically speaking, there are invisible people and a world that exist everywhere. People cannot see and feel the suffering of others; whole groups of people are invisible to the world. The separation between classes alienates one from another, making those living in poor conditions, extremely far from those living in luxury. But the really physical qualities of the world are mostly invisible also.
The forces of nature, the causes and effects that take place everyday are very distant and seem to come out of nowhere. Even people’s thoughts and emotions are invisible, so the question of whether they are real is very adequate. A more fictional perspective about beings and parallel worlds that exist beside and among human world can also be possible. No one can say for sure that it does not exist and this can be seen as presented in the novel.
Even though the story describes events that probably have not taken place, it is evident that the connection between a person, reality and what can be true is very real. The closely intertwined relationship of reality and the unreal is invisible, nonetheless existent.
Works Cited Bealer, Tracy. Neil Gaiman and Philosophy. Illinois, United States: Open Court Publishing, 2012. Print.
Gaiman, Neil. Neverwhere. New York, United States: Headline, 2010. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Fantasy in Neverwhere specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Situational Leadership Style Essay online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
A brief overview of the theory
Strengths of situational leadership
The shortcomings of situational leadership
Introduction Leadership is described as the ability to motivate and make possible for others to realize shared goals. In the last century, several leadership styles and theories were formulated and analyzed (Bass
Social Research, Politics and Validity Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Social Research, Politics and Validity
Introduction Research has been the foundation of knowledge, truth, facts and information on various issues that affect human beings and their environment. This means that people used findings from various research processes to improve their lives and find solutions to different problems.
However, some factors affect the quality and validity of results obtained and this makes a research process biased. This means that such results will not produce credible results due to some subjective reasons. This paper explains the possibilities of conducting a credible political social research.
Definition Credibility refers to the degree of truthfulness and appropriateness of information. A research is an activity that involves scientific processes to establish truths, find answers or solutions to problems that people face in their societies. Therefore, a social research is a process that aims at establishing facts, collecting information or generating knowledge about various happenings in the society.
Social Research, Politics and Validity Research is systematic process that uses certain concepts to define its procedures to ensure that results obtained are credible and not biased. This means that the researcher must not take sides while collecting, analyzing or presenting the findings obtained from the field. However, this is not possible when political inclinations are used in conducting research.
David Silverman confirms that people are partisans and will always present answers, opinions or suggestions that favor their beliefs, traditions and expectations. Therefore, Silverman is right when arguing that it is not possible to obtain a credible social research in the political field since people will favor their political parties, ideologies and leaders in presenting their findings and recommendations (Silverman 22).
Secondly, political parties have different ideologies and approaches they plan to use to achieve their goals and objectives. This means that there are many views regarding events depending on the number of political parties or leaders in a state. In addition, every politician or political party will favor his/her ideology over those of others and this means that the individual will present biased research findings since he/she wants his/her views to be reflected in the research.
Therefore, it is not possible for a social research to be both political and valid. Silverman argues that human beings are very different from one another and thus they have different opinions and perspectives regarding various happenings in the society (Silverman 32). This means that even if they are given similar tools and placed in similar environments they will have different findings and conclusions even though, their research topics may be similar they will have very different answers due to personality differences.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Marx claims that people were created differently and this means that they have different thinking abilities (Marx 45). Therefore, they cannot present similar answers even if they are placed in similar societies and tasked to find answers to similar questions. In addition, he explains that even students present different answers even though they are taught by the same teachers. Therefore, it is impossible to have a political and valid social research no matter what the experience or skills of the researchers are.
However, Silverman may not be right in his arguments since there are issues he overlooks. First, he ignores the fact that research is a systematic process of collecting information, finding answers or adding knowledge to the existing one through quantitative and qualitative processes (Silverman 43).
This means that a process must follow some criteria before it is confirmed to be a research; therefore, scientific research is not just a layman’s approach to finding information or answers to situations. There are various concepts that guide scientific research and they include objectivity, reliability, replication, accuracy and validity.
Objectivity means that a researcher must not be biased and use his personal judgment, opinion or perceptions while collecting, analyzing and presenting information. Therefore, the research must reflect the happenings on the field no matter how wrong or right they seem to the researcher (Marx 47). This will enable the research to be valid. Secondly, the information collected from the field must be reliable and accurate.
This means that the data collected must represent the actual figures obtained during the research process. Names, dates and other statistics must be accurate and reflect on the actual information present on the ground. This means that a researcher must write names, dates, figures and events correctly to avoid causing confusion. Marx argues that if a researcher writes this information correctly then there are high chances of conducting a faultless research.
Finally, most social researches are replicable. This means that if a researcher follows the same procedures used by other researchers he/she will get the same results as those obtained from previous researches (Marx 47). This means that a political research can be valid if the researcher follows scientific processes in collecting and presenting the information obtained from the field and makes use of different procedures that are most appropriate for a given research. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a valid political social research.
Works Cited Marx, Martins. Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing among Five Approaches. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Social Research, Politics and Validity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Silverman, David. Doing Qualitative Research. California: SAGE Publications, 2012. Print.
Critical Analysis of a Current Health Initiative Essay college admission essay help
Abstract: The development of African countries and more particularly South Africa, has led to some diseases that are hard to treat and they affect a large number of people in the population. More specifically, cardiovascular disease has taken hold and is increasing its effect on the people, especially those of middle and lower social class.
This is a new trend, as previously, the disease was thought to be mostly affecting the higher classes, due to their inactivity. This was mostly the case but presently, people of middle class, who are starting to hold higher positions and are able to move up the social ladder are influenced, as they get higher paid jobs and allow themselves more time without exercise and more fattening lifestyle.
Another reason is that the necessary equipment to diagnose and treat the disease is not available. This brings people back to the lower classes, as well as to the poorest conditions and slums. The cycle seems to drag people in, even though there has been some international attention in the recent years. The paper will focus on the issues in more details. Healthcare, governmental involvement, new techniques that are used to identify and treat the illness, as well as any help from other countries will be looked at.
With the governments increased involvement and the disease becoming an important issue for the country, some results are seen but they are not very reassuring. The rehabilitation has been shown to have great results but only 15-20 per cent of the population are “eligible private cardiac patients” (Perk, 2007).
These people get referred to the services but there is another problem that arises. There are often schemes and impossible requirements, as well as treatments that are imposed. People are fooled in their treatment and end up giving money away and not receiving the benefits.
Also, some companies do not have the ability to provide the medical assistance, as the people sent to them require more staff and special equipment, which they do not have. This shows that there is a significant disorganization with the healthcare system and the country must change its practices and processes. At the same time, the government is trying to educate people on the preventative measure for cardiovascular disease. The population is reminded to lead a healthy lifestyle, to eat healthy, exercise plenty and avoid stress.
The key figures of the disease are affected by people abusing tobacco products, being obese due to overeating and consuming fattening products, having a mix of other disorders, such as diabetes and high blood cholesterol. The statistics show that in year 2010, 0.56 per cent of people were affected, in 2011, 0.98 per cent and in 2012, 1.02 per cent (Rao, 2012). Such a steady and rapid increase in the disease is closely tied with people’s inability to get proper healthcare due to their resources and the organization of the hospitals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Currently, there are benefit organizations and private funding agencies that are trying to change the statistics. One example is the Health in Africa Fund that will invest in small centers and health clinics, allowing for more equipment and better diagnosis. The African Development Bank is planning to invest around twenty million dollars towards the country’s needs while Gates Foundations is investing 7 millions of dollars.
There are also numerous companies and charitable organizations that are focusing on the environment and creating the necessary conditions for people to lead a healthy life. As a lot of these problems take place in the slums and conditions of people living below the poverty line, a reorganization of social division is taking place. The government is providing better possibilities for people to find jobs, more support to those in great need and investing in the healthcare system (Perk, 2007).
Initiatives: Increase in technical provision of healthcare delivery is one of the proposed solutions, adding the number of workers and volunteers, identifying priorities, proper and efficient allocation of services, development of donor initiatives and proper government funding. As of right now, the estimates show that 70% of the budget went to “curative medicine, while a mere 10 percent has been allocated for preventative care” (Quaye, 2010).
The government tried to change things by aiding in the policy modification, “in March 2001, the government abolished user fees in health expenditure (Quaye 2010). The taxes have been somewhat lowered, as the majority of the poor population is forced to contribute the most, financially. Even though there is aid, the numbers of mortality are alarming:
Several international organizations have taken specific attention to helping South Africa in this matter. For example, World Health Organization is one of the major organizations focused on delivering and bettering the system. They work with local hospitals to increase awareness, getting donors involved and promoting governmental help in finding a more lasting solution.
We will write a custom Essay on Critical Analysis of a Current Health Initiative specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The IRC or International Rescue Committee is taking active role and participation in changing the life of many in South Africa. Social programs, fund raising and administration help is increasing, allowing for better living conditions and the total functioning of the society. Unfortunately, the majority of African people are still unable to afford healthcare.
This has led the government to set forward a number of reforms and so, the next decade will see major results. Some of the strategies include giving the local communities and administrators more control over healthcare resources and needs of people, the mobile technology is being used to an advantage in the access and transference of available equipment, medical device, drugs are being better controlled and the distribution has become more regulated.
The government realizes that sometimes the international agencies will not be able to provide help, so there is more orientation towards own strength and the reliance on charities is planned to be decreased.
The administration is also targeting the population in the poorest areas, as these are the primary sources of the decease. Universal coverage and basic access to benefits and packages that include necessary pharmaceuticals and tools will increase preventative measures and the onset of the disease (Jamison, 2006).
The changes that are taking place in the healthcare system and governmental control are none like before. The international attention, the increasing demand and number of people dying are all factors that contribute to major changes. Proper life conditions like shelter, food and most importantly drinking water must become readily accessible, so that people do not stress and become a part of the cycle of depression, poverty and unemployment.
The middles class has been increasing in the past decades and so, it must be maintained, as people are starting to fall back into the lower socioeconomic status. Awareness and prevention will prove effective in the next ten years and the future looks somewhat reassuring. The international help has been providing much change and it is greatly appreciated but in order for there to be a shift, the African government must rely on its own strength. This will concretely fix the society and the healthcare system.
References Bradshaw, D. (2010). Cause of death statistics for South Africa: Challenges and possibilities for improvement. Tygerberg, South Africa: Burden of Disease Research Unit.
Jamison, D. (2006).Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, United States: World Bank Publications.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Critical Analysis of a Current Health Initiative by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Perk, J. (2007). Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. New York, United States: Springer.
Quaye, R. (2010). Balancing Public and Private Health Care Systems. Maryland, United States: University Press of America.
Rao, G. (2012). Coronary Artery Disease: Risk Promoters, Pathophysiology, and Prevention. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers.
TRADE Benchmarking Model Essay college essay help: college essay help
TRADE is the best practice benchmarking model. The TRADE methodology is used in monitoring the exchange (“trade”) of information and the most useful project management practices to enhance the performance of products and processes. The benchmarking tool has superior project management systems and training materials that make it apposite for running many benchmarking projects concurrently. Therefore, it is a tool for saving time and money.
The benchmarking model has five phases. These are the terms of Reference, Research, Act, Deploy, and Evaluate. Within each phase are various procedures that need to be followed for the success of a project. The terms of Reference is concerned with the planning of the project.
The Research phase involves the exploration of the current state of affairs of the project. The Act phase focuses on the process of undertaking data collection and analysis. The fourth phase, Deploy, focuses on communicating and implementing the best practices. The final phase Evacuate is concerned with evaluating the benchmarking process and the results.
The TRADE benchmarking methodology is highly recommended due to its flexibility and easiness to understand, among other reasons. It can be used to manage projects that run for between one to twelve weeks and those that run for between 13 to 36 weeks. Moreover, the TRADE model is easy to understand, as it comprises of only five phases.
Moreover, within the five phases, there sub-steps that are simple to comprehend and follow. In addition, the benchmarking methodology presents a proven management approach. The methodology has been adopted by countries such as Taiwan, UAE, and the U.K. Moreover, it is the approved benchmarking model for Singapore’s Public Service and other countries. Notably, the methodology has been endorsed by the Global Benchmarking Network.
Additionally, the TRADE benchmarking methodology presents a meticulous system for planning. The system guarantees that projects can only progress to advanced phases after cost/benefit analysis has been carried out and the chances of success determined. Therefore, the model reduces the possibility of failure in project planning.
The opportunity for success is further enhanced by the use of a distinct project management spread-sheet as well as a Benchmarking certification plan. Moreover, a benchmarking methodology training annual that incorporates an inclusive set of resources for benchmarking, guide forms, and a Benchmarking certification plan makes the tool be highly useful. The comprehensive training manual plays the role of enhancing the effectiveness of TRADE.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Further, the TRADE Benchmarking methodology saves time and money. There are numerous TRADE materials and forms that have been developed and advanced over the years. TRADE license holders have full access to these resources and have their projects managed efficiently and in a timely manner.
The license holders do not need to create their own materials. Further, the TRADE delivers results. After completing a particular phase of the TRADE, the project is reviewed to ensure that it is on the right track. The results of the review determine whether the project is to continue, be stopped or remoulded to meet the original objective. As a result, the TRADE can help deliver planned outcomes efficiently. It can also help to generate a lot of money for large projects.
Conclusively, the TRADE benchmarking methodology has five flexible and easy to understand phases. These are the terms of Reference, Research, Act, Deploy, and Evaluate. The methodology provides mechanisms for carrying out cost/ benefit analysis at each of its five phases to ensure that planning is successful.
Effects of Advertising on People Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction In recent years, one of the signature strengths of the advertising industry has been its unfaltering capacity to transform ostensibly mundane objects into extremely enviable products (Trampe et al., 2009). But as products transform into entities of desire once placed in advertisements, they trigger important self-processes and different meanings to the target audience, some of which are positive while others negative.
Interestingly, a wealth of literature demonstrates that the goal of advertising has shifted from the creation of empowerment and consumer fulfillment to premeditated creation of a mood of restless dissatisfaction with what people have and what they are so that they go out and purchase more (Gannon
Public Health Lapses in dealing with Hurricane Katrina Essay a level english language essay help
Available literature demonstrates that the United States public health’s infrastructure is greater now than ever before as national attention has been focused on governmental public health capacity and capability (Madamala et al., 2011).
However, some sentinel events, such as Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, HINI outbreaks, and rapid advances in childhood obesity, have exposed weaknesses in specific occupational categories in the public health infrastructure (Mays et al., 2010). The present paper demonstrates how the health promotion and disease prevention categories within the public health infrastructure contributed to the degeneration of the public health situation immediately after Hurricane Katrina.
Eight years ago, in late August 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast area of the United States with raw force and vengeance, triggering one of the most horrible natural calamities ever recorded in the history of the country.
Prior to the Hurricane Katrina landfall in the gulf area, various federal and local agencies were engaged in concerted efforts to evacuate susceptible populations from high-impact areas. Despite these attempts, however, many individuals did not or could not evacuate, resulting in a situation where more than 1,300 people died unnecessarily for lack of basic care, support and protection (Logue, 2006). Those who did not die experienced untold suffering due to the flooding caused by the Hurricane.
Extant literature demonstrates that “public health professionals should have a significant role both before and in the immediate aftermath of any disaster, either natural or human-made” (Logue, 2006 p. 10).
In the United States, public health services are delivered to the population through the collective actions of governmental and private agencies that can be divided into 3 broad categories, namely personal health services, community health services, and administrative services (Madamala et al., 2011). The health promotion and disease prevention categories within the public health infrastructure fall within the realms of community health services (Logue, 2006).
After Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast, the right thing to do could have been to immediately avail public health leadership and public health presence to assist in the prevention of disaster-related mortality, consequent excess morbidity and underlying environmental health issues such as water pollution and mosquito infestation (Logue, 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More But this was not to be, hence triggering the perception among many people that the health promotion and disease prevention categories within the public health infrastructure failed in their cardinal duty of monitoring the health status of the affected population, with the view to identifying and solving community health challenges occasioned by the impact of Hurricane Katrina (Schneider, 2012).
The two departments also failed in their duties “to diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community, to inform, educate, and empower people about health issues, and to mobilize community partnerships and action to identify and solve health problems” (Logue, 2006 p. 10). Lastly, these departments, along with the surveillance and risk communication entities within the public health infrastructure, failed in their role to inform, influence, communicate, and collaborate with many other external agencies that to a large extent contribute to public health services in the United States (Schneider, 2012).
The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina is well documented in the literature (e.g., Logue, 2006; Schneider, 2012). More than 1,300 people lost their lives and thousands suffered unnecessarily due to worsening health conditions occasioned by excess flooding, mosquito infestations, and numerous water-borne diseases.
This paper has demonstrated how the health promotion and disease prevention categories within the public health infrastructure failed to not only move with speed to arrest the deteriorating public health situation immediately after Hurricane Katrina made a landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, but also to collaborate with other external agencies to ensure minimal suffering of the affected populations.
Consequently, it is plausible for the government and public health leaders to re-examine national, state, and local health departments and agencies concerned with disaster preparedness and response, and to also train public health officials in disaster preparedness.
References Logue, J.N. (2006). The public health response to disasters in the 21st century: Reflections on Hurricane Katrina. Journal of Environmental Health, 69(2), 9-13.
Madamala, K., Sellers, K., Beitsch, L.M., Pearsol, J.,
Grass and its importance Essay essay help: essay help
It is an interesting fact that everything that surrounds people has been created by nature for humans and animals to use at own disposal. Plants and other living creatures are food for carnivores and people are no different. Everything that people survived on were plants that could be eaten and animals that had meat to be cooked. Michael Pollan takes a closer look at things that are taken for granted and describes how much people depend and at the same time, disvalue and don’t appreciate what nature provides for humanity.
His book titled “Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals” discusses several aspects of nature and focuses specifically on grass and what it is for animals and different people. Without grass life would have many problems, as both animals and humans very much need on it to live full lives.
Expectations that society has is centered on food and that it is provided in abundance for stores and markets but how it gets there, no one wonders. The author starts out by making a very specific and acute observation that most people see grass as a unit, one entity that is a part and mostly, an insignificant piece of the environment comparing to the rest of nature’s objects.
Walking on it every day, an individual never really stops and thinks what grass consists of and how its life processes are carried out. Michael Pollan mentions that the majority of people do not see grass the same way a cow sees it. As cows eat it every day, they have become specialists in the kinds of grass there are and what specific ones should not be eaten. A farmer also sees grass as a part of his life because he needs it for his cows to survive and his farm to prosper.
The author goes on to talk about his visit to the farm and how he was explained about the different types and strands of grass. People who are closely involved with farming are also knowledgeable about grass and how to properly grow it (Pollan, 2007). The expectations that people have towards grass and what farmers think, are very different. People want to see grass on their lawn to look pretty and to cover the mud. Farmers expect grass to be well grown and full of vitamins for their live stock.
Grass is a very needed and essential part of the farm and the chain of production because so many species of animals depend on it. Grass’ growth and the cows’ eating habits have many “rules and laws” that surround this food type. “The law of the second bite” is an important one to keep in mind, as the cows should not be permitted to completely eat the grass down to the root (Pollan, 2007). In case this does happen, and it mostly does, the grass becomes weakened and stops growing.
After the cows have taken the first bite, grass should be left alone, as it will have a chance to replenish itself and continue healthy growth. The opposite it true because if the grass is left to grow out more than it is supposed to, the area becomes too “bushy” and cannot be used for cows. A farmer, who is taking care of his animals and their food, will rotate to make sure the animals are moved to a new patch of grass and this makes for best results for grass, animals and people (Pollan, 2007).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is very much surprising but grass and its quality plays a key role for animals and people. The better the grass, the more nutritious the meat and milk will be for people to consume. It is important to take care of such an important resource until it is depleted.
Reference Pollan, M. (2007). Omnivore’s dilemma: A natural history of four meals. New York, United States: Penguin.
Importance of the Childhood Inoculations Essay best essay help
Introduction Childhood inoculations remain crucial medical initiatives aimed at protecting children against catching certain diseases in future. There are certain diseases that have reduced drastically among Americans. This has happened largely because Americans have been going for inoculations against them.
In addition, people have started raising concerns as to whether they should continue taking their children for inoculations because the diseases are no longer a threat within the population (CDC, 2012). However, it is notable that people should focus on practicing childhood inoculations until relevant diseases are eliminated.
Choice of Topic This paper presents discussions regarding childhood inoculations. This medical initiative takes place routinely in America with the aim of protecting children against certain diseases. The notable diseases prevented through inoculations include diphtheria, polio, Tuberculosis, and tetanus among others (Belhorn, 2009).
It is notable that people have developed viewpoints regarding childhood inoculations. The initial viewpoint entails arguments that childhood inoculations should not continue in America. The proponents of this viewpoint have argued that America is no longer under threat of diseases that require inoculations (CDC, 2012).
The proponents have noted that cases of diseases such as diphtheria, polio, Tuberculosis, and tetanus among others in the country are almost nonexistent. To this end, the proponents of this viewpoint suggest that childhood inoculation efforts are unnecessary.
On the contrary, the second viewpoint entails the argument that childhood inoculation should continue in America. The proponents of this viewpoint suggest that the practice cannot stop before the complete elimination of diseases that require inoculations (CDC, 2012).
The proponents have noted that the almost non – existent status of such diseases does not indicate that Americans are not susceptible. However, the diseases may continue existing in a latent state. The proponents of this argument have suggested different countries such as Japan that where residents stopped going for inoculations against pertussis in 1976 and within three years disease became an epidemic (CDC, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I have an opinion that childhood inoculations in America should continue to take place. Americans should continue seeking childhood inoculations because eliminating the diseases may be challenging (CDC, 2012). It is notable that stopping childhood inoculations may pose health challenges because of the nature of diseases.
In addition, the fact that one case of such diseases can spread rapidly and affect many people necessitates continued implementation of the program. Furthermore, stopping childhood inoculations may facilitate the reemergence of diseases, which are hardly known (CDC, 2012). It is notable that such diseases may spread quickly causing an epidemic within the population.
The significance of continuously implementing childhood inoculation programs relates to the protection of the future generation against the diseases. Undertaking childhood inoculations should focus on the future generation. This ensures that the present population remains safe as well as unborn populations.
It is noteworthy that childhood inoculations present the best way to eliminate certain diseases (Medline Plus, 2013). This is critical in ensuring that future generations will also be safe and will not require inoculations in order to protect themselves against such illnesses.
This paper has presents discussions about childhood inoculations. It states that childhood inoculations are critical in helping Americans protect themselves against certain illnesses. Furthermore, it states that much some people present arguments regarding the possibility of stopping childhood inoculations, the initiatives must continue until it will be verified that such diseases are eradicated.
References Belhorn, T. (2009).100 Questions
The Life Cycle of a Star Essay best college essay help
Introduction For millenniums, stars have fascinated the human race. In medieval times, these heavenly bodies were thought to possess mystical powers and some civilizations even worshiped them. This supernatural view was caused by the lack of information on the true nature of stars. Modern science has enabled man to study stars and come up with scientific explanations of what they are and why they shine. Astronomers in the 20th century have been able to come up with a credible model of the entire life cycle of stars.
Green and Burnell (2004) state that the life cycle of a star takes place over a timescale that appears infinitely long to human beings. Astronomers are therefore unable to study the complete life cycle of stars since the changes occur at a very slow rate to be observed. The evolutionary pattern of stars is therefore deduced by observing their wide range at different stages of their existence. This paper will set out to provide a detailed description of the life-cycle of a star.
Birth of a Star Stars are born from vast clouds of hydrogen gas and interstellar dust. This gas and dust clouds floating around in space are referred to as a nebula (NASA2010). Nebulas exist in different forms with some glowing brightly due to energizing of the gas by previously formed stars while others are dark due to the high density of hydrogen in the gas cloud.
A star is formed when the gas and dust making up the nebula start to contract due to their own gravitational pull. As this matter condenses due to gravitational pull, the gas and dust begin to spin. This spinning motion causes the matter to generate heat and it forms a dull red protostar (Krumenaker, 2005).
When the protostar is formed, the remaining matter of the star is still spread over a significant amount of space. The protostar keeps heating up due to the gravitational pressure until the temperature is high enough to initiate the nuclear fusion process (NASA, 2010). The minimum temperature required is about 15 million degrees Kelvin and it is achieved in the core of the protostar. The nuclear fusion process uses hydrogen as fuel to sustain the reaction and helium gas is formed from the fusion of the hydrogen nuclei.
At this stage, the inward pull of gravity in the star is balanced by the outward pressure created by the heat of the nuclear fusion reaction taking place in the core of the star (Lang, 2013). Due to this balance, the star is stable and because of the nuclear fusion, considerable heat and a yellow light is emitted from the star, which is capable of shining for millions or even billions of years depending on its size.
Mature and Ageing Stars The newly formed star is able to produce energy through nuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium for millions to billions of years. During the nuclear fusion process, the heavier helium gas sinks into the core of the star. More heat is generated from this action and eventually, the hydrogen gas at the outer shell also begins to fuse (Krumenaker, 2005).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This fusing causes the star to swell and its brightness increases significantly. The closest star to the Earth is the Sun and scientists predict that it is at this stage of its life cycle. The brightness of a star is directly related to its mass since the greater the mass, the greater the amount of hydrogen available for use in the process of nuclear fusion.
Death of a Star A star dies when its fuel (hydrogen) is used up and the nuclear fusion process can no longer occur. Without the nuclear reaction, the star lacks the outward force necessary to prevent the mass of the gas and dust from crashing down upon it and consequently, it starts to collapse upon itself (Lang, 2013). As the star ages, it continues to expand and the hydrogen gas available for fuel is used up.
The star collapses under its own weight and all the matter in the core is compressed causing it to be being heated up again. At this stage, the hydrogen in the core of the star is used up and the star burns up more complex elements including carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen as fuels. The surface therefore cools down and a red giant star, which is 100 times larger than the original yellow star, is formed. From this stage, the path followed in the cycle is determined by the individual mass of a star.
Path for Low Mass Stars
For low mass stars, which are about the same size as the Sun, a helium fusion process begins where the helium making up the core of the star fuses into carbon. At this stage, a different heating process from the original hydrogen nuclear fusion process occurs. Al-Khalili (2012) explains that due to the compression heat, the helium atoms are forced together to make heavier elements.
When this occurs, the star begins to shrink and during this process, materials are ejected to form a bright planetary nebula that drifts away. The remaining core turns into a small white dwarf star, which has an extremely high temperature. The white dwarf is capable of burning for a few billion years but eventually it cools. When this happens, a black crystalline object referred to as a black dwarf is formed.
Path for High Mass Stars
For high-mass stars which are significantly bigger than the Sun, the carbon produced from helium fission fuses with oxygen. More complex reactions occur and eventually an iron core is formed at the center of the star. Since this iron does not fuel the nuclear fission process, the outward pressure provided by the previous nuclear process does not occur and the star collapses.
The collapse leads to a supernova explosion. Green and Burnell (2004) describe a Supernova as the “explosive death of a star” (p.164). During this explosion, the star produces an extreme amount of energy, some of which is carried away by a rapidly expanding shell of gas. The exploding star attains a brightness of 100 million suns although this amount of energy release can only last for a short duration of time.
We will write a custom Essay on The Life Cycle of a Star specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For stars that are about five to ten times heavier than the sun, the supernova is followed by a collapse of the remaining core to form a neutron star or pulsar.
As the name suggests, neutron stars are made up of neutrons produced from the action of the supernova on the protons and electrons previously available in the star (Krumenaker, 2005). These stars have a very high density and a small surface area since their diameter stretches for only 20km (Al-Khalili, 2012). If the neutron star exhibits rapid spinning motion, it is referred to as a pulsar.
For stars that are 30 to 50 times heavier than the Sun, the explosion and supernova formation lead to the formation of a black hole. In this case, the core of the star has a very high gravitational pull that prevents protons and neutrons from combining.
Due to their immense gravitational pull, black holes swallow up objects surrounding them including stars and they lead to a distortion of the space. Parker (2009) observes that the gravity of the black hole is so strong that even light is unable to escape from this pull. The only substance thing that black holes emit is radiation mostly in the form of X-rays.
Conclusion This paper set out to provide an informative description of the life cycle of a star. It started with nothing but modern astronomy has made it possible for mankind to come up with a convincing sequence for the life cycle of a star. The paper has noted that all stars are formed from a nebula cloud.
It has revealed that the life expectancy of stars can vary from a million to many billions of years depending on their mass. A star begins to die when it runs out of hydrogen and the fusion reaction can no longer occur. The paper has also demonstrated that the death of a star is dependent on its mass. If a star is the size of the Sun, it will die off as a white dwarf while if it is significantly bigger, it will have an explosive death as a supernova.
References Al-Khalili, J. (2012). Black Holes, Wormholes, and Time Machines. Boston: CRC Press.
Animal Cloning Benefits and Controversies Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Success of Animal Cloning
Motivations for Animal Cloning
Arguments against Animal Cloning
Introduction Animal cloning is the generation of one or more animals from body cells of another animal without involving sexual aspects of reproduction (Fairbanks 27).
The members of each clone have similar genetic patterns to the donor cell from which they are derived. Since the cloning of the first animal, animal cloning has emerged as an important topic in the society and it forms a major discourse in ethical and moral discussions. Studies into animal cloning have diversified and have been extended into various fields, with major breakthroughs being reported in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical and agricultural fields (Fairbanks 33).
Through cloning, transgenic animals have been created that have the potential to produce novel human therapeutic molecules, thus helping in treating some diseases that previously were incurable (McLaren 1775). Animal cloning promises to revolutionize food production, with the potential of producing cattle, sheep, pigs, and other animals with superior quality and more resistant to diseases. This is bound to increase food availability (Polejaeva et al. 87).
Animal cloning proponents are of the opinion that cloning of animals will see an increase in food production globally. Moreover, the quality of food produced will increase and novel cures for diseases will result from pursuance of animal cloning. This is meant to prolong human life. Further, animal cloning is considered as significant in enhancing the comprehension of human beings and nature; therefore, it is crucial to the advancement of scientific goals (Hare 271).
In spite of the potential benefits, cloning of animals raises issues that are wide in scope, extending beyond the question of food safety to include ethical and moral qualms (Deane-Drummond 25). This essay seeks to explore the benefits and controversies of animal cloning. The essay will also emphasize on my position that animal cloning should not be allowed due to the fact that it is not natural. Furthermore, it goes against all of my religious beliefs.
No matter what the benefits are, cloning animals will only lead to further experimentation and probably lead to cloning humans someday. I will also propose a new piece of legislation making it mandatory to label all products that come from cloned animals, such as meat and dairy. Furthermore the legislation should dictate rules and regulations for quality control and testing of cloned animal products.
Cloning Technology The process of cloning involves isolation of a single body cell from a donor organism, and then transferring its nucleus into an unfertilized egg that does not have a nucleus using a special needle.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The “nucleus of the body cell substitutes for the normal combination of egg and spermatozoon, thus allowing the egg cytoplasm containing the transplanted nucleus to develop into the same kind of organism as that from which the donor nucleus was obtained” (Hare 271). Cloning, therefore, enables the mass production of artificial life and liberalizes the field of genetic engineering into huge commercial possibilities.
Success of Animal Cloning When cloning involves embryonic cells, the success rate of the procedure is relatively high, exceeding 50 percent (Hare 272). However, the use of adult cells is associated with a high failure rate and close to 98 percent of cloning involving adult cells develop abnormally or die at various stages of development (Thompson 199).
This implies that even the success of these experiments when carried out on adult humans will result into many abnormalities or deaths (McLaren 1778). This is has been an area of major concern particularly to the scientists involved because of the related ethical issues.
Available evidence suggests that animal cloning is associated with increased frequencies of miscarriages, stillbirths, genetic disorders and lifelong abnormalities, indicating that the efficiency of this process is very low (Thompson 203). This inefficiency of animal cloning depicts the consequences the animals have to experience, especially the donor and surrogate animals where surgery has to be performed to extract the cells of interest and implant the embryos (Thompson 203).
Motivations for Animal Cloning The major motive behind the cloning technique is for biomedical benefits. Supporters of this technology argue that it presents prospects of genetically modifying animals so that their cells and organs can be transplanted into humans to replace diseased ones (Hare 272).
Genetic engineering is deemed to bring success in transplantation due to the fact that animal cells can be made to overcome the risk of rejection or reducing the risk thereof. Animal cloning could also make available novel therapies for many genetic diseases that are currently incurable, for example Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s diseases (Scott and Weissman 27).
Another reason that is advanced in support of animal cloning is the improvement of food production; therefore, alleviating hunger, malnutrition and suffering. Animal cloning ensures that the world will contain a rich supply of animals to clone, thus ensuring that there is constant food supply (Thompson 200).
We will write a custom Essay on Animal Cloning Benefits and Controversies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some proponents of animal cloning cite the high demand for animal food products in comparison to the low supply. It is evident that animal cloning will lead to the realization of animals that can mature earlier and those with qualities that are preferred by farmers. This supplements the traditional sexual reproduction methods that are slower and do not meet the population demands (Scott and Weissman 28).
Arguments against Animal Cloning Given the diverse rationales for animal cloning, the ethical issues raised are complex in scope and involves ethical issues touching on religion, animal welfare, safety, and environmental aspects. From the religious perspective, cloning is considered as playing God.
Changing the factors that define life and death is usurping the divine prerogative as it is only God who has the power to create a living creature (Deane-Drummond 63). Cloning is, therefore, tantamount to blasphemy from the Catholic and other churches’ perspective and the work of creation as originally intended should not be interfered with.
I support this suggestion and strongly agree that animal cloning is challenging the authority of the supreme God by presuming to exercise the rights that belong to the creator. Therefore, regardless of the consequences associated with cloning, the most important concern is that it violates a significant moral duty. It cannot be argued that animal cloning is one way of facilitating the creation of life, but instead it is designing life.
Pursuing animal cloning as a way of improving food production and quality carries a high risk of contaminating the food supply with potentially harmful products. There is also a greater risk that this type of technology cannot be adequately regulated and it may spurn out of control, resulting into devastating environmental consequences on biodiversity and human life (Deane-Drummond 104).
Animal cloning has rapidly increased in the country, and large corporations have adopted a worrying trend of employing cloning in food supply production with little government regulation. Cloned foods have gained entry into the food supply when little studies have been performed to examine possible hazards and risks and the public possess little information concerning cloned foods (Thompson 212).
Advancing animal cloning in the context of biomedical research is also a dangerous approach. There is a likelihood of emergence of new zoonotic diseases due to cloning of animals with the intention of using their organs for transplant purposes (Polejaeva et al. 88). Further, animal cloning is likely to shift biomedical research from promotion of preventive medicine and finding means to encourage more organ donation to xenotransplantation by the use of animal organs (Fiester 334).
This presents a very dangerous alternative because of the possibility of animal pathogens crossing into the human population, resulting into emergence of new plagues and diseases. Another area of concern in using animal cloning technology in biomedical research is the complexity and high rate it has impacted the field of genetics.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Animal Cloning Benefits and Controversies by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At this rate, science is moving towards setting a precedence of creating new transgenic species and rushing toward a posthuman culture (Fairbanks 112). There will be a new breed of humans resulting from biological manipulations using technology. This will lead to genes being crossed between various species. This technology can be subject to exploitation, leading to breeding of new eugenics with unknown consequences.
Cloning of animals is contrary to natural evolution and traditional methods of animal breeding. This biotechnology method manipulates genes instead of the whole organism. The technology advances at unprecedented rates, indicating the drastic rate that this technology could redesign the human body and genome.
It is now possible to carry out studies and make money out of the knowledge on gene manipulation in animals. This technology turns animals into objects that carry genetic information to be manipulated through editing, transposing and copying. The animals are reduced to fragments of genetic information instead of whole organisms in order to conform to the market values. Furthermore, animal cloning turns them into instruments at human disposal for use for his/her own benefits (Deane-Drummond 109).
Animal cloning is a cruel method of curing diseases, in spite of the prospective benefits that may be made possible through this technology. Behind these benefits, animal cloning is advanced for commercial conveniences and only acts as a mechanism for commodification of animals (Thompson 208). This is an indicator of how much animal life has been trivialized and its dignity trashed upon.
Animal cloning is an unnatural process since it is generally more involving and interferes with the animals’ reproductive performance compared to the conventional means of production. Culturing of cloned embryos in vitro has been shown to stress the normal cell development process, resulting into physiological abnormalities. These are mostly manifested as over-sized animals and are associated with an increased fetal death rate (Fairbanks 126).
In some cases, these physiological abnormalities of cloned animals persist into adulthood, further perpetuating animal welfare concerns as these animals are more susceptible to diseases than non-cloned animals (Fairbanks 126). Cloning animals, especially using somatic cells, increases the likelihood of mutations whose consequences are not predictable, thus raising welfare issues as a result of genetic differences between cloned and non-cloned animals.
Furthermore, animal cloning may likely result into deleterious effects in the animal population and impact the environment negatively. This is because of the possibility of the cloned animals breeding with non-clones or as a result of an unanticipated production of some proteins that may have ramifications to the entire ecosystem (Riddle 113).
There is a potential of turning animals into objects and commodities through animal cloning (Thompson 123). This is because this technology subjects living animals into machine status that can be manufactured by human. This manipulation of animals also tends to exacerbate animal welfare issues since this procedure predisposes them into suffering due to diseases and abnormalities. Animal cloning turns human beings into insensitive creatures that are alienated to the suffering of other creatures.
Cloning of animals has reduced life to a status where it can be created and redesigned in a petri dish and genetic patterns can be modified like machines, making it difficult to differentiate between natural and artificial. The techniques that are employed in this process challenge the existing conceptualization of life and death, subsequently demanding a rethinking of the basic perceptions of ethics and moral principles (Fiester 335).
Animal cloning also does not arguer well environmentally since it presents a threat to the diversity of life (Fairbanks 138). Life diversity can only exist if natural selection is allowed to take place and man does not interfere with breeding by introducing artificial ways of producing organisms. Animal cloning essentially prevents natural selection and will ultimately alter evolution, leading to permanent loss of genetic diversity.
Fiester (337) hypothesizes that animal cloning poses negative consequences to the environment and may equally affect human beings negatively. In particular, cloning of extinct and endangered species and cloning of livestock may have impacts on the ecosystem as the clones interact in the environment. This is because disruption of the ecosystem is known to cause havoc on the life existing in a particular ecosystem (Fiester 337).
Another major ethical issue is that the animal cloning technology is the same one that can be employed in cloning human beings or generating transgenic organisms, whose implication may have devastating consequences as it will represent a dangerous transgression of technology. Adopting this technology threatens the society as it is bound to create a slippery slope of reproduction (Scott and Weissman 27).
Once animal cloning experiments are perfected, it will be only a matter of a short period before the same technology is transferred into human. It has already been suggested that scientists are exploring human reproductive cloning, thus demonstrating that animal cloning just provides a blueprint for transferring the technology into human studies (Riddle 115). It is clear that animal cloning forms the basis upon which cloning will be extended to humans.
Furthermore, it is common knowledge that genetic engineering and cloning technologies were developed for commercial purposes and the potential of the biotechnology companies reaping huge profits only means that all natural life forms, such as microorganisms, animals and human beings are liable to be turned into objects through genetic reconstruction (Scott and Weissman 27).
Since scientific processes usually first target objects of nature and animals, the use of animals for cloning is only an analytic gaze before focus shifts into cloning human beings. The cloning procedure has been successful in most animals to which it has been employed and is widely acknowledged that it can be replicated in humans successfully (Thompson 213).
Human cloning would in turn have implications on the philosophical perceptions of man, whose life begins at conception resulting into formation of an embryo regardless of whether it is in a petri dish. The essence of life must involve sexual reproduction. Animal cloning contravenes this as it involves mixing of genetic information from two individuals to create variation.
Suggestions It should be acknowledged that technology is not self-sufficient since it is strongly embedded in social practices, identities, culture, and institutions. This calls for the authorities to consider the different perspectives of all the stakeholders regarding the risks and the manner in which they should be regulated, besides addressing all relevant factors (Simini 1366).
In the midst of the novel advances that are currently transforming the world, it is of great importance to recognize human value, appreciate and safeguard them in light of man’s ever anxious nature to set aside the moral fabrics for the opportunity of scientific advancement.
I am of the opinion that all consumers ought to be empowered with information that would help them make informed choices of products that are realized through cloning. This is because animal cloning has advanced immensely and stores and shelves are filled with foods whose origin, whether organic or cloned, cannot be established.
Given the conflicting attitudes towards cloning of animals, the government needs to enforce regulations that require cloned food products to be clearly labeled as such. Failure to describe that a food comes from a cloned animal or its progeny arguably creates a mislabeling of the food due to its mis-description (Scott and Weissman 29). It is also important that the government shifts its focus from economic considerations only to include a precautionary approach.
This will ensure that scientific data is moderated in situations where scientific uncertainty exists by evaluating non-scientific conceptions of risk. An approach that replicates the one in place for genetically modified organisms requiring pre-market authorization and compulsory labeling is required in the regulation of cloned foods in order to address the safety concerns, long-term issues, consumer worries, and animal health and welfare issues.
Conclusion Advances in biotechnology can have different implications, some of which are beneficial while others are destructive. Animal cloning is one such field of biotechnology that continues to elicit mixed perspectives that pose significant challenges. While animal cloning presents many opportunities, the process is still not efficient since very few of the embryos live to maturity while most suffer from many physiological abnormalities.
This raises issues involving human welfare and ethics. Animal cloning also presents some consequential effects on food safety, thereby implying the need for regulatory policies. It is argued that the issues that are raised concerning cloning ought to be recognized and attended to by the government.
Animal cloning will, therefore, continue to be contested because of the scientific uncertainties surrounding them, the potential risks they raise and the ethical issues thereof. The appropriate approach at present is the formulation of regulatory policies that will make it mandatory to label all products that come from cloned animals, such as meat and dairy.
Labeling will help consumers make informed choices of the foods they buy since it is evident that cloned food products have already permeated the market. Food safety is only one of the many concerns that consumers have regarding animal cloning, and labels are necessary to give the consumers the information they require to make decisions that are appropriate for them.
Works Cited Deane-Drummond, Celia. The Ethics of Nature. Malden, NJ: John Wiley
Differences between China and Canada in Business Etiquettes Essay essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Attending and conducting meetings
Dining etiquette and food
Introduction China and Canada differ slightly in their business etiquette. To succeed in running a business in the two countries, one needs to have clear understanding of their business etiquettes. Canadians and Chinese diverge slightly with respect to how they conduct themselves during business meetings.
Besides, they differ in how to conduct themselves when sharing food with business associates. Personal contact is very critical in China than in Canada. To operate a business in China, one has to “establish and maintain good relationship with key business contacts and relevant government officials” (Seligman, 1999, p. 34). This paper will discuss the differences in business etiquette between China and Canada when conducting and attending meetings and sharing meals with business associates.
Attending and conducting meetings Seligman alleges, “In general, business meetings in China follow the same format as those in Canada, albeit with a bit more rituals” (1999, p. 37). The Chinese and the Canadians require people to keep time during business meetings.
People are advised to arrive at the venue early enough so as to have time to interact with all the attendants. In China, only the top management staff and government officials wear formal outfits during meetings. Other staff has the liberty to wear casually when attending to business meetings. According to the Chinese, individuals who dress formally appear to be serious and respectful.
During summer, the Chinese allow men to dress casually for official business meetings. Men are allowed to wear short-sleeved or polo shirts (Seligman, 1999). On the other hand, Canadians are conservative when it comes to dress code. They prefer wearing dark-colored suits when attending to business meetings. Besides, women are required to remove facial piercing and cover tattoos when going for business meetings (McDonald, 2004).
Canadians prefer addressing people with Mr. /Mrs. /Ms. followed by their surname, especially if they are meeting individuals for the first time. Besides, they encourage people to use a person’s title (McDonald, 2004).
Conversely, the Chinese value seniority and encourage people to address others using their title. Besides, one is supposed to give his or her name, name of the company, and the position that one holds in the company during introduction. Chinese begin by giving the name of the company followed by title and their name when introducing themselves (Seligman, 1999).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Like the Canadians, Chinese also shake hands during a meeting. However, while the Canadians might be aggressive in their handshakes, the Chinese are non-aggressive. One of the major problems that arise during handshakes is when to decide to let go the handshake. At times, an individual may prolong the handshake if he or she enjoys the contact (Seligman, 1999). Canadians use handshake to express their trust in the other party. Additionally, one may avoid shaking hands if he or she has a genuine reason (McDonald, 2004).
Dining etiquette and food At times, business partners may decide to hold business meetings during meals time. McGregor alleges, “As with business meetings, food and seating are determined by the hosts” (2007, p. 67). In China, the host is responsible for directing all the business associates during meals.
One cannot eat before the host does. The same case applies in Canada where business associates attending to a meeting have to wait for a signal from the host before they start eating. Chinese are generous in serving food. They serve a lot of food to visitors during business meetings. One is permitted to rebuff food if he or she has dietary problems. However, people are advised to sample all the food offered as a symbol of civility (McGregor, 2007).
Chinese and Canadians serve wine, together with food during business meetings. The Chinese may serve their local wine during the meetings. However, in many occasions, they provide strong distilled alcohol for toasts. On the other hand, Canadians do not have a specific drink that they prefer.
Therefore, they can serve any wine during business meetings (McDonald, 2004). In China, no one is allowed to drink from the toasting glass, unless it is during a toast. In Canada and China, the host pays for food and drinks served during the meetings. However, the Chinese demand that the host does not pay for meals in the presence of the guests. One is supposed to wait for the guests to leave before paying.
Alternatively, the host may organize with another person to settle the bill on his or her behalf while he or see sees the guests off. In Canada, the host closes the banquet officially by thanking all the attendants. This does not happen in China. The host ends the banquet in an informal manner, where he or she thanks the attendants briefly and leaves the room without saying a word (McGregor, 2007). A person with limited familiarity with the Chinese culture may find this to be anomalous.
Conclusion Business etiquette plays a significant role in strengthening business ties. China and Canada have similar business etiquettes, even though they differ in some areas. The two countries are sensitive to time during meetings. In China, only the top leaders are expected to wear official suits while other staff has the liberty to wear casually.
We will write a custom Essay on Differences between China and Canada in Business Etiquettes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Canadians prefer wearing dark-colored suits during business meetings. Both countries prefer addressing people with their titles. Chinese prefer serving their local wine during business meetings while Canadians can serve any wine. The Chinese do not allow people to drink from the toasting glass, and no one is supposed to eat or drink before the host. Additionally, they end their business meetings informally.
References McDonald, M. (2004). The Canadian research strategy for applied ethics: a new opportunity for research in business and professional ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 11(1), 569-583.
McGregor, J. (2007). One Billion Customers: Lessons from the front Lines of Doing Business in China. Manitoba: Free Press.
Seligman, S. (1999). Chinese Business Etiquette: A Guide to Protocol, Manners, and Culture in People’s Republic of China. New York: Grand Central Publishing.
What isn’t for Sale? Essay (Article) custom essay help: custom essay help
According to Sandel, it is the financial crisis experienced in 2008 as well as the preceding years which made the market economy become a market society. It created a difficult time calling for faith in the markets as well as deregulation otherwise referred to as a time for market success.
Prolific people like Reagan and Thatcher fueled their belief in the markets but not the government administration to propagate success as well as freedom. Through the 1990s, Clinton as well as Blair continued moderating this view as well as consolidating the belief that those markets could indeed be the basic way through which public good could be attained.
The list of sellable services and items shown at the start of the essay serves a very important purpose. They try to show us how the markets have changed over the years. The list shows that nearly everything unimaginable is now equal for sale in the market economy. This shows the kind of change that has occurred within the market society.
Sandel attempts to make a very important point when he mentions the move to even now sell slaves and children. This view is aimed at espousing to what extent amorality is attached within the current market liberalization. It shows that anything is for sale as long as it is aimed at profit maximization.
Sandel poses the question as to why we have to worry that everything is up for sale and offers two answers. The reasons he offers are inequality and corruption. Concerning inequality, he says that living in a place where everything is up for sale is difficult for the people who lack money.
The more cash one has to buy something, the more the richness or absence of it becomes important. According to him, if the sole advantage of richness was the capacity to purchase fancy and expensive things, the inequalities existing in income as well as wealth would not be as important as they seem to be currently. However, with the ability to purchase more and more through cash, the nature of distribution of income and richness changes.
Secondly, as for corruption, there seems to be an overarching corrosive tendency caused by the markets. Sandel says that pricing all the good things in the world can lead to a corruption of the same. This is owed to the fact that markets do not just allocate goods but rather express and endorse several attitudes to the goods that are being traded. Posing the question and the answer at the middle of the article is better since it helps reflect upon the earlier information provided to us that leads to the question.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There has to be a place where I can draw the line between sellable items and morals. Items for sale should not hurt that moral fiber. Some of the items listed for sale in this article actually cross the moral limit, because they tend to go against the moral liberties as well as principles of life of human beings. Business should be run without infringing on the rights and freedoms of other people.
I concur with Sandel that the practice of encouraging citizens to leave their spiritual and moral conviction behind when they are at a public place be abandoned. When individuals do that, they allow the sale of items that cannot be considered morally correct. Spiritual and moral conviction is thus important in guiding people on the good and bad things to do when selling certain items.
There are some social implications of making institutions like prisons, schools, as well as hospitals for profit rather than for public. People will stop working freely but on the basis of highest bidder, better service. Services will deteriorate. In schools, learning will go down as those who can afford get the best while those without any money suffer. People coming out of prisons will not be changed since too much business could corrode prison officials to thinking about profits rather than rehabilitation of inmates.
Ways KM Support E-Commerce Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Knowledge management is an important tool for acquiring, disseminating, and utilizing knowledge assets for the business’ benefits. Many businesses have gained global strength that enables them to compete with multinational corporations due to their ability to manage knowledge.
For instance, Amazon.com an online business has utilized its knowledge to enhance the business performance. Knowledge Management is one of the sources of competitive advantage in the improvement of their services and dispatch of the products within a short time (Turban, 2012).
Many global firms, engaged in e-commerce are proverbial on an ongoing basis which takes into consideration the customers buying behaviors and attitudes in order to gain a large market share.
These firms employ most of their techniques and resources to analyze and manage the customer information at hand without leaking to competitors (Turban, 2012). It is, therefore, prudent to say that Knowledge management plays a vital role in integrating e-commerce with other internal processes aimed at increasing business productivity and efficiency in the long run.
Knowledge management in an e-commerce platform is a starting point for sharing of thoughts, lessons, and skills with the business stakeholders, which is aimed at increasing business efficiency and effectiveness in all the processes undertaken by the business. Moreover, instances of duplication of efforts and frequent mistakes will be a past issue as employees understand the processes and loopholes during service delivery. Therefore, high standards will be an eventual outcome in promoting the e-commerce and higher revenues in the long run.
Knowledge of business clients, business partners and their needs is extremely essential in building and strengthening a mutual and profitable relationship. Knowledge Management is vital in developing e-commerce services and contents to give the traditional marketing a correct direction, and allow customers generate their own contents and services.
With revolving e-commerce platform and internet connectivity, knowledge about customers’ tastes and preference is highly paramount. Understanding such tastes and preferences aims at delivering customer-valued products and allows customers to suggest their ideas. This will enhance the loyalty and trust within customers, which result in mutual benefits in the long run.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In e-commerce (EC) arena, Knowledge Management is an effective tool for improving the organizational internal processes. This will in turn help the management to reduce the overall operational costs if utilized efficiently. Moreover, a suitable content, description of the Knowledge Management assets transform a business to a cash cow. This is possible by retaining customers and gaining new customers from the competitors. At the same time, it provides information on demand and supply factors in the market (Turban, 2012).
Businesses conducting their trading activities through the internet find it necessary to acquire knowledge of their customers. They employ statistical methods such as surveys, questionnaires, and customers comments from the discussion forums. Businesses will also require information about other stakeholders such as the suppliers, rivals and the company internal processes.
Such information is highly vital for the growth and enhancement of the e-commerce platform and requires a lot of concerted efforts to manage and deploy information to relevant departments for analysis. Given the importance of the Knowledge Management in supporting e-commerce, Knowledge Management needs adequate measures and systems to ensure that information get to the right persons within the structure of the business (Turban, 2012).
In conclusion, without Knowledge Management, e-commerce would not experience either growth or expansion. This is attributed to the failure to consider the essential stakeholders and processes. Therefore, Knowledge Management is an integral to e-commerce growth.
Reference Turban, E. (2012). Electronic commerce 2012: A managerial and social networks perspective. Pearson.
The role of crowdsourcing in idea generation and market research Essay essay help online
Idea generation Today, business conditions are dependent on knowledge and technology, which have created high rates of competitions. As a result, organizations have realized that they do not possess all solutions, relevant information, and expertise for their problems. Luckily, some have noted that valuable knowledge resides in external sources. Based on this realization, many companies have embarked on exploiting knowledge and expertise outside their boundaries.
Professionals have linked crowdsourcing to creation of new ideas, solving technical issues, innovations, reducing costs of product development, and time for developing new products. Firms have used crowdsourcing to generate new ideas from a large crowd instead of using few in-house individuals. In fact, others have created idea contests with rewards in order to get new concepts. However, it is appropriate to define the problem as precise as possible before initiating an idea contest.
Firms must provide motivational materials for the crowd to participate in the idea generation. The crowd notes that the outcome must be more than the time and effort spent in the contest (Simula and Vuori 5). Consequently, firms have organized expensive reward systems for participant as witnessed during the LG idea contest.
Crowdsourcing contests can result into generation of too many ideas to the extent that an organization can fail to utilize or develop them effectively. While other researchers have noted that crowdsourcing concept is still in its initial stages, others have dismissed it as ineffective concept.
On the contrary, some studies have indicated that crowdsourcing ideas were the best in terms of originality relative to ideas from experts (Simula and Vuori). Therefore, businesses should use crowdsourcing to generate new ideas and solve business problems.
Market research In market research, crowdsourcing has been useful for gathering information from a large crowd in various parts of the world. The crowd can deliver the desired results in a timely manner and at relatively low costs. Most Web sites that provide crowdsourcing services usually pay their crowds a small fee (as low as US $0.03) in order to respond to their questions.
Web sites for crowdsourcing that handle market research have increased. However, professional researchers question the kind of information collected from the crowd. It is also necessary to note that crowdsourcing has not replaced the traditional market research firms that handle complex research.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Others have noted that crowdsourcing may not be the best approach for conducting market research. It is important to note that crowds get rewards for taking part in the survey. As a result, one may wonder whether the motivating factor could influence the outcome. In most cases, it is difficult to determine whether the participant is a representative of the target population.
This is critical because organizations use market research results for generalization. Therefore, the issue of generalization and representation of the target population is a major factor that marketers must account for before using crowdsourcing. Still, firms may also find it difficult to select a crowd to participate in their market research.
However, carefully selected participants may provide the best response and knowledge that is not available within the organization. They can provide a wide range of ideas on marketing issues that can transform a brand. The challenge is that the crowd may lack the expertise, motivation, creative thinking, and the intellectual ability that is necessary for generating effective idea and solution (Poetz and Schreie 245).
Works Cited Poetz, Marion and Martin Schreie. “The value of crowdsourcing: Can users really compete with professionals in generating new product ideas?” The Journal of Product Innovation Management 29.2 (2012): 245-256. Print.
Simula, Henri and Mervi Vuori. “Benefits and Barriers of Crowdsourcing in B2b Firms: Generating Ideas with Internal and External Crowds.” International Journal of Innovation Management 16.6 (2012): 1-19. Print.
Snap-on tools conversion Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Abstract The Snap-On project involved the conversion of the company’s order entry system to the ERP system. The company obtained the system from Baan Co. The system took three years of design and deployment. However, the new system for making order entry turned to be a disaster for the company. It resulted in “$50 million in lost sales for the first half of 1998” (Stein, 1998). It also created delays in the delivery of orders and wrong number of inventories.
Snap-On experienced a surge in operating costs by 40 percent. This cost resulted from the need to “cover costs of extra freight and temporary workers” (Stein, 1998). The deployed system also affected dealers because most of them could not operate the new software, and they went to rival companies. During the fiscal year of 1998, the company recorded a decline in profit by 22 percent as compared to the previous year.
The ERP system has a crucial role in most important aspects of an organization, both internal and external. Therefore, effective implementation of the project and its subsequent usages are significant to performance and continuity of any firm.
Introduction In the past decades, Enterprises Resource Planning (ERP) systems have taken center stage in the development of information technology among many firms. The adoption of ERP systems in an organization involves complex processes, many stakeholders, and deployment of other resources in order to achieve the desired outcome under pressure and time constraints amidst unforeseen challenges.
Therefore, for an organization to remain competitive in an evolving marketplace, it must deploy the ERP system to for efficiency and effective services to its customers. Although the system can provide numerous benefits, there are high rates of failure during the deployment process as was the case of the Snap-On conversion project. It resulted in massive losses, increase in costs, loss of customers, wrong deliveries, and miscounted inventories.
In most circumstances, firms do not adhere to the most important warnings that may indicate the possibility of a project failure. Therefore, it is necessary for a firm to identify issues that could lead to success or failure of a noble project (Kuang, Lau and Nah, 2001).
The jumbled initiation of the Baan enterprise software contributed to massive financial difficulties for Snap-On Inc. The company recognized that challenges with the implementation of the system would result in 40 percent losses in the second quarter. Challenges occurred due to the learning curve for the new system and system failures and delays. These factors contributed to poor standard of services at Snap-On. For instance, there were unwanted impacts on sales, customer service, expenses, and productivity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Snap-On Project Simplify was among the top ten failures of the time Snap-On had acquired the Baan’s software for manufacturing, distribution, and financial in 1994. The company referred to the initiative as the Project Simplify. Implementation of the system formed the part of a broad Project Simplify, which originally aimed at changing the entire business processes and facilitating delivery of products and services to Snap-On independent dealers.
However, serious issues during the implementation resulted in a massive loss of $50 million in sales. This was according to the published report on the project. However, both Snap-On and Baan did not comment on the exact nature of the problem.
Baan noted that they would assist Snap-On to rollout its system. However, during the implementation, Baan did not take active role in the process because Snap-On introduced another consulting company (Booz, Allen
Everyday Use by Alice Walker Research Paper online essay help
Walker shows us what inheritance is through her short story, Everyday Use. The two hand-stitched quilts draw attention and become the center of conflict in the family of Mama and her two daughters. Walker also uses these quilts as symbolism for heritage. The author shows that different views, events, and situations shape one’s life in different ways as an individual responds to them. In the short story, we see the conflict within the family of Mama and her two daughters (SuperSummary 1-5).
Walker narrates the story of a conflict in relation to identities and heritage. The author presents the conflict through Maggie, Dee, and the Mother. All these characters show variations in beliefs due different experiences and ideologies in life. Mama lives a simple life based on her cultural heritage.
This is a fulfilling life to Mama because she believes in simplicity of life. As a result, Mama scorns Dee’s materialistic tendencies when relating to her culture. On the other hand, Maggie is shy and submissive almost like Mama in simplicity, but she still remembers her heritage. Dee shows a modern way of life that is out of touch with her culture and heritage. Dee’s characters and actions show that one can only value her culture for its artistic appeal.
Mama is happy and proud about her simple life. Dee has materialistic tendencies in which she only craves for “nice things” (Walker 384) in her life. Moreover, Dee believes that she can control her life and do anything she wants to do with it.
She demonstrates this trait by insisting on having the churn top and the dasher together with the quilts. However, Mama had promised to give these items to Maggie. On the contrary, Maggie has come into terms with her life. She believes that happiness comes from the heart and not from material possessions.
These characters also have diverse views about culture and heritage. Mama and Maggie consider a strong family tradition as their source of heritage. Mama believes that heritage is memories of the tradition and its practical aspects.
She believes that Maggie shall use quilts every day. Still, Mama also has fond memories of the benches when Dee admires them, she notes that Dee’s daddy made the benches “when they couldn’t afford to buy chairs” (Walker 385). Mama has a special affection to history because it brings sweet memory of her husband. On the same note, Maggie also likes tradition and its memories.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She can remember how Henry or Stash carved the dasher (Walker 386). Maggie could have learned such history from her Mama and kept it in her memory as a part of history and tradition. Maggie sees a great meaning in the quilts. She considers the quilts as sources of memory and tradition. For instance, she says, “I cannot remember Grandma Dee without the quilts” (Walker 386).
This shows that Maggie’s relation with the two quilts is expressive and special in her memory, traditions, and history. These quilts represent tradition and history to Maggie, not because they are hand stitched, but rather because of the history and heritage, they have in the family. On the other hand, Dee sees her tradition as African culture. In fact, Dee rejects her family heritage because it does not conform to African traditions.
According to Dee, her family tradition does not reflect her beliefs. For instance, after she receives education from the city and becomes stylish, Dee writes to Mama and informs her that she would visit home, “but will never bring her friends” (Walker 383). Dee does not want her friends to learn about her background, history, and tradition. Dee considers it as backward and unsophisticated life. Dee strives to embrace the root culture of Africans, but she refuses to accept her own heritage.
Dee sees her heritage in terms of materialistic qualities, rather than as history and heritage of her family. For instance, Dee informs her family that she changed her name to ‘Wangero’ and states that, “I couldn’t bear it any longer, being named after the people who oppress me” (Walker 385). According to her, the name has been “a form of oppression” (Walker 386), and changing it gives her a sense of self-determination.
One can realize that Dee’s new name is an African name, but has nothing in relation to her history, family, and traditions. Education has changed Dee’s attitude toward her family and heritage. She prefers new life and sophistication of the city. Dee is not aware of the art of making quilts, but she knows that such “old quilts in her family are priceless and invaluable” (Walker 386). The major concern for Dee is the appearance of the quilts and not their cultural representations.
According to Dee, the churn top is only suitable as “a centerpiece for the alcove table” (Walker 386). On the contrary, her mother and Maggie consider the churn top as an item of connection to their heritage. One can also notice that Dee “admires the benches because of their textures” (Walker 386), but she fails to notice whoever made them. Dee and Mama have different views about the quilts. Her mother believes that the quilts should be on everyday use as a way of keeping the past alive.
Conversely, Dee believes that the quilts should only serve decorative purposes. Dee wants her mother and Maggie to embrace the new life of sophistication. For instance, she tells Maggie that, “It’s really a new day for us, but from the way you and mama still live, you’d never know it” (Walker 388). However, Mama and Maggie have not embraced the new culture of Dee. Further, Mama and Maggie show confusion about the new state of Dee’s life.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Everyday Use by Alice Walker specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They do not see any connection to the new name of Dee, ‘Wangero’ because Mama and Maggie can only find such memories in their heritage and history. They have such memories because of the role that heritage has played in their lives. Mama and Maggie believe that the family heritage is important in their daily lives. However, Dee believes that heritage is history that does not have any significant role in her present life, and any memory should only be of artistic value.
Dee has totally failed to recognize any value in her family heritage. Consequently, she finds a heritage that matches her education and sophistication. Dee believes that her new name, Wangero represents her heritage and cultural beliefs. Dee thinks that the name represents her African values.
However, one can observe that Dee has failed in this endeavor because the name and her African attires have no meaning because they are false and artificial. Besides, Dee does not understand her new culture. Dee constructs a culture that is beyond her history and reach.
Education has only served the role of alienating Dee from her family, true identity, and heritage. With haughty ideals from the city life and education, Dee lost her heritage and identity, which can only come from the family. Dee’s new life and a sense of identity scare Mama and Maggie because their simple lives cannot match the new identity of Dee.
Visibility, rights, and equal opportunities are the new ideals of Dee. While these ideals are not problematic, what is bothersome is that Dee has lost respect for her heritage and alienated herself from the family. Maggie is a contrast of Dee. She does not know of any other heritage apart from the family heritage. She lacks education that Dee has.
However, Maggie has accepted her situation and found her self-fulfillment. Walker manages to use contrast in order to reveal effects of lacking and having education between the two sisters. Dee’s insatiable search for education has led her to reject her heritage and simple life of Mama and Maggie. On the other hand, Maggie’s lack of education has stifled her, and made her to accept everything without questions. Walker shows that either having or lacking education can be detrimental in a family.
Walker has also written other short stories. For instance, You Can’t Keep a Good Woman Down is a collection of fourteen short stories that show the plight and triumph of African American women (Walker 3-138). Just like in Everyday Use, Walker tells her stories from perspectives of women.
Characters narrate their experiences of trauma and success. While such stories are common and may not be unique, it is the African woman’s viewpoint that makes the work outstanding. These ideas vary from pornography, gender issues to inequality among others. Some of these experiences may force women to superficiality.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Everyday Use by Alice Walker by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For instance, Dee lives in a world of superficiality while Maggie maintains a deep understanding of her culture. As Mama realizes the simplicity of Maggie, she begins to appreciate it (Walker 389). Conversely, the new life of Dee has only led to confusion in the family.
Walker aims to assert that people should appreciate their heritage and culture. In addition, people should not look at heritage and culture as the ‘dead past’ that can only serve ornamental purposes. Instead, people should see their heritage as a living past. We should ensure that we put heritage in everyday use to sustain it.
Walker wrote Everyday Use in the 1970s when African Americans were struggling to find and control their identities. As a result, some of them could not match the social, cultural, and political aspects that developed. This led to confusion among African American women. Walker also notes contributions of African Americans through their arts. Such artworks connected their generations to the past. In fact, artworks survived through generations and served as important pieces of heritage.
Dee reflects the struggle among African Americans who wanted to establish their own identity through their original roots, Africa. However, such people often failed because their roots remained vague to them. The bleak history inspired people to trace their ancestry in order to grasp and reconnect with their roots. Overall, Walker’s short story shows African Americans who did not understand the concept of the black consciousness or its ideals.
Alice Walker is an “American author, feminist, poet, and activist born in 1944” (Walker 1). She has written several short stories and poems. In fact, Walker listened to black stories from her father, which influenced her late works. Events of her childhood and political, social, and historical development in the US also feature in all her works. She narrates these stories manly from African American women perspectives.
Works Cited SuperSummary. “Plot Summary of Everyday Use by Alice Walker.” 2012. Web. .
Walker, Alice. “Everyday Use.” Making Literature Matter: An Anthology For Readers and Writers. 2nd ed. Ed. John Schilb and John Clifford. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2003. 382-389. Print.
—. You Can’t Keep a Good Woman Down. San Diego: Mariner Books, 1982. Print.
Modern-Day Heroes in Society Essay custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Characteristics and Journey of a Hero
Introduction Who is your hero? Most people when presented with a scenario to answer this question would think of a selfless character that braved the odds and rescued a situation that was getting out of hand. A hero is a person who is well-liked due to their successes and noble characteristics (The hero).
The likes of Martin Luther King Junior who advocated for equality among all races, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Wangari Maathai who was buried in a papyrus casket for her love of nature, Clara Barton-an American activist; who risked her life on the battlefields of the Civil War to start the Red Cross and Oedipus of the Greek myths are all considered heroes by lots of people.
Although the heroes are understood differently among individuals, they are ordinary persons who posses more or less similar characteristics and could be anybody whose actions touch another person’s life.
Characteristics and Journey of a Hero Irrespective of gender, culture or traditions from which they are depicted, heroes possess some common characteristics. Although a hero could possibly possess all the five characteristics shared by heroism outlined by Miriam Polster (2-5), some could be more evident and overshadow others. Heroes and Heroines have respect for human life; they believe in the sanctity of life and often risk their lives for other’s sake. They have faith in the effectiveness of their choices and would pursue them in spite of opposition and criticism they may face.
They possess an original perspective and are not forced to accept and conform to agreements as they are but rather advocate for issues to be as they way should be. Heroism entails physical courage that makes one risk death and injury for other’s sake as well as mental courage that drives one not to be limited by the accepted “truths.” The acts of heroes usually may have public impacts or may impact profoundly to an individual and pass unnoticed.
The heroes usually go through a number of stages before they attain their desired destiny. Joseph Campbell (57) outlines the steps of the hero’s Journey. They reside in a normal world until they are “called to adventure” by the rise of a discovery or an event in need of help. They are faced with the task of refusing or accepting the call and enter a world of the unknown where they encounter a supernatural aid that helps them through their quest.
They require a talisman and a helper along the way for success. They go through a series of tests that strengthen and prepare them for the final hurdle. The heroes finally encounter the supreme ordeal, pass it successfully and are finally rewarded for the hard toil. Their success changes their lives and the lives of those around them and are stand qualified e.g. for marriage, Kingship or Queen ship.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Modern-Day Heroes Today the definition of the hero above as “a mythological or legendary figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability” is long fading into history (Thomson 116-117). The meaning of a hero has changed and depends entirely on the time and reason for which one is considered a hero and parallel to the advancement of society, religion and politics to suit the wishes of those involved.
This is because the characters of people have changed; people no longer live in those old days where societal rules were rigid and leadership hereditary. People strive to do good and those who take the task to the extreme end are considered heroes or do-gooders (Moore 2). “Social entrepreneurs” as are commonly referred to are less interested in their success but rather on changing the system as a whole.
Today extreme do-gooders focus their attention to environmental protection, improving the education of a child and eradication of poverty and diseases from the face of the earth. They are pleased to do good even though their actions may negatively affect them. A good example is that of the late professor Wangari Maathai from Kenya who advocated for environmental protection through a worldwide program “the Green Belt Movement” for planting trees in deforested zones and lost her parliamentary seat in the process.
She however won the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize becoming the first Woman in East and Central Africa to win the prestigious award. Another example is by Erick Brockovich, a legal secretary who dedicated her efforts in petitioning against a service company for polluting a source of water for a community.
Conclusion Heroes have tales of adventure written against their names and an audience to listen to them; however they go past the usual fame and celebrity status (Tollefson 1). They are people who dedicate themselves to simplifying tasks for others and live lives that others strive to emulate by setting standards not achievable by the common man yet encourage him to pursue.
Heroes envision positive change and work towards it. Each person is faced with the same difficulties and the path they choose to follow in making their journey unrivaled is always different. People should be well aware of the mission of their journeys to successfully accomplish it and emerge as the ultimate hero.
Gone are the days when heroes were considered supernatural’s and enigmas, the future foresees a world where everyone strives to be their own hero.
We will write a custom Essay on Modern-Day Heroes in Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Campbell, Joseph. The Hero With a Thousand Faces. Novato Calif: New World Library, 2008. Web.
Moore, Jina. “Extreme do-gooders – what makes them tick?” The Christian Science Monitor, 2009: pp. 1-2. Web.
Polster, Miriam. “Eve’s Daughters.” Gestalt Journal (2001). Web.
HelpMe: “The hero.” 2011. Web.
Thomson, Iain. “Sparks in the Darkness”: Deconstucting the Hero. Jackson: University Press of MIssissippi, 2005. pp. 116-117. Web.
Tollefson, Ted. “Is a Hero Really Nothing but a Sandwich?” Utne Reader May-June 1993. n. pag. Web.
Gluttony and the Wages of Sin Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Introduction Gluttony is an excessive human desire that leads to over-indulgence and disproportionate consumption of drinks, food, and accumulation of wealth. Since glutton is a disproportionate greed, some religions such as Christianity and Islam considers it as a vice and sin which people should shun so that they can help the needy.
It is a deadly sin because it deprives the needy of the privileges of benefiting from the wealth that the society owns. According to Prose, “like lust, its sister transgression, the sin of gluttony reflects a constellation of complex attitudes toward the confluence of necessity and pleasure” (8).
Since the modern society perceives gluttony as a sin, people are very conscious about the nature and the amount of food that they take because gluttony is not only a religious issue, but also a health issue. Hence, by following appropriate diet, people are able to eat well, and thus reduce their predisposition to gluttony. Therefore, this essay evaluates how gluttony is a ‘nightmare vision’ as depicted in topic “The Wages of Sin”and the film, The Cook, the Thief, His Wife and Her Lover.
“The Wages of Sin” “The Wages of Sin” depicts gluttony as a ‘nightmare vision’ because The Last Judgment painting illustrates how gluttons are facing a nightmare in hell. The painting shows six gluttons, two women and four men, who have sinned and are spending their time in hell while dining. Prose describes that, “the men have huge bellies, fleshy arms, and backs; one has pendulous breasts” (44).
Such description indicates that the six sinners who are dining in hell have abnormally huge bodies due to their glutton habits. Since gluttony is a sin, critical analysis of the painting shows that the six sinners are in hell paying for their gluttony. Moreover, the sinners have extended their excessive eating habits into the hell because they are at the dining table ready to display their gluttonous behavior. Fleshy arms and huge bellies depict the impact of gluttony on their health for all the sinners are obese.
The painting also illustrates how the gluttons are suffering because they are sitting at the dining table that has a variety of foodstuffs yet they are unable to eat. The dining table has chicken, wine, and loaves amongst other foodstuffs that make the gluttons salivate. Around the table, a band of demons exists, whose job is to prevent “the gluttons, by holding their arms and heads with their sharp talons and claws, by prodding them with bats and clubs, from getting anywhere near the food they crave” (Prose 44).
As the band of demons that surround the gluttons restricts them from accessing food on the table, they torment the gluttons eternally. In this view, the nightmare vision of the gluttons illustrates how the gluttons suffer in hell because they are unable to satisfy their greed despite seeing plenty of delicious food on the dining table. Thus, the gluttons are experiencing great torture in hell as they receive their wages for indulging in food when they were alive.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the front of the dining table, the painting portrays another glutton, a man who is suffering in anguish. The glutton realizes that the hell has decided his fate and will continually suffer in it, and thus decides to crawl on the ground.
His physical attributes indicate that the glutton is in great anguish because he has malformed and twisted body while the rib cage is quite visible and deformed. Prose states that the glutton is “unable to stand the sight of the meal at which his companions are gazing with such longing, he bows his head in a posture of grief and cover his face with his hands” (45).
Such a posture illustrates despair and misery that the glutton experiences, as his fate is definite. Moreover, the serpent is present in the painting as its role is to coil around the man and prevent him from accessing food that is at the dining table. Like demons, the serpent controls what the glutton does because it represents the evil anguish that the glutton is undergoing in hell.
Despite depicting how gluttons suffering in hell, the painting has a caption below it, which suggests that eating well is not a sin. Christians support the assertion that eating well is not a sin because people have a moral duty and responsibility of ensuring that they eat well. Prose argues that, “once-pious Christians knew what awaited them, as a consequence of overeating, they realized how important it was to watch their diets, how carefully they had to control their appetites” (49).
The painting illustrates how gluttons receive eternal punishment in hell for wasting their invaluable time in pursuing worldly pleasures that have no benefits to their eternal lives. Thus, the nightmare vision threatens Christians because overindulgence in gluttony eventually leads to hell where too much anguish and suffering exist.
Overall, the nightmare vision depicted in the painting warns people against indulging in gluttony as it has severe consequences. From the Christian point of view, gluttony is one of the sins that destroy humans for it causes them to suffer in hell where there is endless anguish and misery. According Prose, “no wonder that thoughtful and even altruistic humans have found it increasingly important to warn their peers about the passing, transient, gluttonous pleasure that leads to eternal penance and pain,” (49).
In this view, many people have developed fears regarding the gluttonous behaviors that ultimately make them lose eternal life and endure eternal anguish and misery in hell. Therefore, the painting poses a religious message about the consequences of gluttony, as an eternal punishment for people to make appropriate choices about their eating habits.
We will write a custom Essay on Gluttony and the Wages of Sin specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Greenaway’s 1990 Film: Characters and Food as gluttony Robert Borst, the Cook
The film depicts the theme of ‘nightmare vision’ as greed and glutton using various characters in the movie. Richard Borst is a cook in the movie who is responsible for making very delicious meals that attract numerous customers into the restaurant daily.
From the movie, it is evident that Richard Borst is an experienced cook in the restaurant and understands the needs of his customers. Since the customers eat in a lavish manner, Richard Borst ensures that he prepares different foodstuffs that satisfy diverse needs of the customers who usually flock at the restaurant.
Richard Borst brags that, “neither his customers nor the boss have disliked the food that he cooks in the restaurant” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover). This indicates that Richard Borst is happy about his cooking skills for he pleases both the customers and his boss. Hence, endless appetites of the customers and his boss push Richard Borst to prepare delicious food in the restaurant.
In the aspect of the nightmare vision, Richard Borst becomes a victimizer as he conspires with Georgina Spica to cook the body of Michael, the lover. In the movie, Michael has an affair with Georgina Spica, which prompts her husband to kill him. Usually, Georgina Spica meets with Michael at the bathroom where they explore their love affair.
When his husband kills his illicit lover, Georgina Spica decides to avenge by conspiring with Richard Borst to cook Michael’s body and compels his husband to feed on it. Robert Borst agrees that, “I will cook his body according to your instructions” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover).
Since Richard Borst can make delicious meals, Georgina Spica commands him to cook the body of Michael and serve it to Alberto Spica, before shooting him to die. Therefore, Richard Borst plays a role of victimizer because he cooks the body of Michael and serves it to Alberto Spica; hence, contributing cannibalism as part of the nightmare vision.
Alberto Spica, the Thief
Alberto Spica is the owner of the restaurant, Le Hollandais Restaurant. He frequents the restaurant daily in the evening with his wife, Georgina, and they sit at the big dining table and await their cook to serve them.
Alberto Spica has an unmatched appetite of food because he always orders different types of menu at ago and dines through into the late night before leaving for home. What is unique about his gluttony is that he eats continuously while talking with his friends. Sometimes he summons the customers and staff, and lectures them with his monotonous discourses, thus causing confrontations in the restaurant.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Gluttony and the Wages of Sin by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In some instances, Alberto Spica requests food for his friends by shouting that, “serve my friends with food of their choice, and provide free drinks” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover). The food in the dining table continually keeps Alberto Spica in the table with his friends. No one leaves the table until they finish all the food served by the cook. Therefore, their idleness in the dining table increases their appetites and makes them glutton.
The endless appetite of food predisposes Alberto Spica to the acts of cruelty. In the restaurant, Alberto Spica is busy with food, hence, neglecting her wife to have an affair with Michael. This implies that food and restaurant compel Georgina Spica to fall in love with Michael.
As Georgina encounters Michael daily in the restaurant, it gradually leads to a love affair. When Alberto Spica realizes about the love affair, he mobilizes his friends to kill Michael. In their love affair, Michael takes Georgina Spica into his bookstore where he hides her from his husband.
Unfortunately, Alberto Spica finds out when he sees a boy taking food to Georgina Spica at the bookstore. Alberto Spica tortures the boy and makes him eat a book that he carries because it has a map, which directs him where Georgina Spica hides. Then, Alberto Spica orders his friends that, “I want Michael dead because he is having an illicit affair with my wife” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover). In this view, Alberto Spica is a victimizer since he tortures the boy and kills Michael.
Georgina Spica, the Wife
Georgina Spica has a great appetite of food because she normally accompanies her husband, Alberto Spica, to the restaurant daily. In the restaurant, Georgina Spica sits at the dining table and orders different meals and drinks to satisfy her insatiable hunger. She normally visits the kitchen and orders her own menu for she likes how her cook, Robert Borst, prepares the meals in the restaurant. “Please serve me with my usual meals and drinks because I am very hungry” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover).
Georgina trusts the meals that the cook prepares for they are very delicious and palatable at all times. Even when at the bookstore while having an affair with Michael, Georgina orders the food from the restaurant. Hence, appetite forces her to order the food even when hiding in the bookstore.
As Alberto Spica realizes that the boy was taking food to Georgina Spica at the bookstore, he tortures the boy to reveal where his wife is hiding. Georgina Spica then sympathizes with the boy and visits him at the hospital because he suffers from the torture. She wants the boy to recover so that he can bring food to her whenever she is at the bookstore. However, his husband orders his friends to kill Michael, thus complicating the life of Georgina Spica, as she cannot have a love affair with Michael anymore.
Driven by anger, Georgina decides to compel his husband to eat the body of Michael before killing him. With anger, Georgina says that, “he must feed on the body of Michael before I kill him as a punishment” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover). In this view, Georgina becomes a victimizer in cannibalism for he makes Robert Borst to cook Michael’s body and forces his husband to eat it.
Michael, the Lover
Michael also has an insatiable appetite of food because he frequents the restaurant daily and sits alone at one of the dining tables in the restaurant. His appetite compels him to come to the restaurant, and eventually meets Georgian Spica. When Georgina Spica visits him at the bookstore, he orders food from the restaurant.
At a given instance, Georgina Spica says, “we need some food from the restaurant, can you order someone to send us here” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover). His request makes Georgina Spica to command Robert Borst to send the boy with food, which ultimately makes Alberto Spica to discover that Georgina is hiding in the bookstore with his illicit lover.
In the film, Michael is a victim because food and love affair eventually betrays him. The delicious food entices Michael to visit the restaurant daily without imagining that he may encounter Georgina Spica. Moreover, the food that he orders to his bookstore exposes his love affair with Georgina Spica. In the bookstore, Michael tells Georgina Spica that, “let us make our love very secretive to prevent your husband from knowing” (The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover).
Despite making their love affair secret, Alberto Spica discovers and mobilizes his friends to kill Michael. After killing him, his wife avenges by forcing Alberto Spica to eat the body of Michael. Thus, the nightmare vision is evident in the film as Michael is a victim of death and cannibalism.
Conclusion The theme of the ‘nightmare vision’ is a dominant one in the topic “The Wages of Sin” and the film The Cook, the Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover, 1989. The Last Judgment painting depicts how gluttons suffer in hell after spending invaluable time of their lives in lavish and gluttonous activities.
The gluttons suffer great anguish and misery eternally since gluttony is a deadly sin. Moreover, the movie depicts how gluttonous behavior destroys lives because Alberto Spica and Michael die while the boy and Georgina Spica suffer from the consequences of their glutinous lives.
Works Cited Prose, Francine. Gluttony: The Seven Deadly Sins. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Print.
The Cook, the Thief, and His Wife and her Lover. Dir. Peter Greenaway. London: Erato Films. 1989. DVD.
Interpersonal and Intercultural Communication in the UAE Essay custom essay help
Introduction: Communication and Conflicts in the UAE Communicational issues are nothing to be afraid of. The conflicts emerging in the course of communication can be used to find a common language in the process of solving them. However, conflicts caused by ignorance of the cultural specifics of a particular nation are most likely to lead to serious misunderstandings.
Since the business and cultural links established between the UAE and other states are crucial for the process of the states’ development, it is highly required that the root causes of intercultural and intracultural conflicts in the UAE should be researched and that the ways to solve these conflicts productively should be provided.
Cultural Differences in Communication: Concerning the Beliefs, Values and Norms
Speaking of beliefs, one must keep in mind that in the UAE, the official religion is Islam (Riel, n. d.). As for values, they are not that different from the European or American ones. A person’s life is a priority; however, it is essential to add that women in the UAE have considerably fewer freedoms than European and American women.
Hence a number of norms of behavior and conduct in the UAE stem. It is crucial to remember that the dwellers of the UAE are extremely conservative in their traditions and are very reluctant to change the traditional behavioral patterns (Sahai, 2008, 68). As a result, the patriarchal regime remains dominant in the UAE even nowadays.
The Acceptable Social Practices: Communication in the UAE at Its Best
According to what researches say, the UAE employees prefer to abstain from close relationships with their European colleagues, restricting the relationships to communication for solely the needs of the company and the production process. As the research conducted by Willemyns, Hosie and Lehaney says, the given phenomenon can be predetermined by the specifics of the communication within a group: “An interactant may emphasize his or her accent or dialect to signal that he or she belongs to a similar social class as the other interactant” (Willemyns, Hosie
Economic Impact of Hybrid Cars Report college essay help online: college essay help online
Hybrid cars are modern automobiles which can be powered by two or more power sources. Some of the most common sources of power for hybrid cars would include electricity, electric vehicle batteries, liquefied or compressed gas, fossil fuels, solid combustibles, renewable sources, and human-powered sources among others.
Automobiles have been viewed as the largest single source of air and environment pollution in the world. In that case, the increasing number of cars in the world has raised a lot of concern in regard with the future of humans in the face of the heightening pollution and the issue of global warming. Hybrid cars, however, appears to be the answer to this overwhelming issue.
These modern cars can use both conventional power and electric power, and this minimizes the emission of harmful by-products, thus helping to fight global warming. In this respect, hybrid cars are more eco-friendly than conventional cars which are known to release more pollution into the atmosphere. Hybrid cars have become a practical choice for many car consumers, thus emerging as the best-selling cars in the world. This paper provides an in-depth overview of the main economical impacts of hybrid cars.
Hybrid vehicles are among the first technologies that have been developed in the entire automobile sector, towards creation of automobiles that are more eco-friendly and fuel efficient.
The use of hybrid cars brings forth numerous economical impacts, thus providing consumers with affordable, convenient, and efficient means of transportation. The ability of hybrid cars to use numerous sources of power makes them more reliable in the modern world, when compared to conventional cars which rely on a single source of power.
This variety of power sources gives the consumers an opportunity to go for the most preferable source of power for their vehicles. This means that, consumers can opt for the most economical choices available, thus saving money and other resources. More importantly, consumers would not have to incur extra expenses going for long distances in search for fuel. This is a forgotten habit in the current world where people can use other alternatives which can be acquired easily, and at a fair cost.
Even though hybrid cars are costly, their management is quite cheaper and can be very useful to those people who want to save money on oil products and other costly sources of power for their cars. Statistics from various parts of the world where the use of hybrid cars is common have shown some models of these cars to be economical in terms of energy consumption. In other terms, these modern types of vehicles are more fuel efficient when compared to their non-hybrid counterparts.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This has been made possible by the vehicles’ operational mechanism, which involves the combination of gasoline engines and electric motors. A good example here is the Chevrolet Volt hybrid car which can use a gallon to cover about 60 miles, almost double what a conventional car of the same model would do. As a matter of fact, hybrid car consumers can be assured of realizing huge savings over the lifetime of their cars. This is advantageous for users of hybrid cars, considering the high fuel prices currently witnessed in the world.
The idea of hybrid cars has also brought positive economical impacts on automobile industries. The technology for subsequent models is much likely to become more affordable soon as the global demand for these cars continue to rise [Frank, 1]. Even though the prices for hybrid cars may never change as a result of these developments, their manufacture may be more efficient. This will in return create avenue for more affordable hybrid vehicles.
The global automobile industry would get a big boost in case that happens. This will also have a significant impact on the economy, as more people are likely to get jobs in the automobile industry, either as car dealers or as automakers. In fact, this benefit has been realized in some Western countries where hybrid cars are designed, build, and sold. On the same line, foreign investors in the automobile sector are likely to establish new plants on these countries, thus helping to create more job opportunities for the host communities.
Apart from these economical benefits, this rampant development of hybrid cars can also be associated with many negative impacts on the economy. As a matter of fact, the energy industry is arguably one of the many sectors that are likely to be affected badly by the current technological developments in the automotive sector.
As it would be expected, the demand for fossil fuels and other oil products has dropped tremendously in the past few years as a result of new technological advancements in the automotive sector, particularly in the development of the hybrid car.
According to Granovskii, Dincer and Rosen  these cars’ ability to operate on a variety of power sources has not been good news to energy companies who would see this as the worst form of competition in the market. Gasoline stations, which help in distributing most of these products, are also potential sufferers of this fate.
With the current drop in the demand of oil products, consumers will find no reason to visit gasoline stations more frequent. This will not only affect the sale of fuels, but also that of other in-store products such as drinks, snacks, and ready-made foodstuffs that are traded within the vicinity of many gasoline stations. In this regard, energy companies and gasoline stations may find it hard to survive in the market in the near future, unless they come up with new ways of providing energy to car owners.
We will write a custom Report on Economic Impact of Hybrid Cars specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The development of Hybrid cars has also come with immense economical challenges on the car-buying public. Even though cars are useful assets in human life, their purchase do represent major purchase decisions to many people, especially in these times when new technologies have been adopted in the automotive industry. Hybrid cars are usually more expensive than conventional cars, probably owing to their sophisticated features and heightening demand allover the world.
The other possible factor which makes hybrid cars more costly than traditional vehicles is their global acceptance as a better alternative for the conventional vehicles which utilize oil products which have become a major threat to human heath and the environment [Anderson and Anderson, 3]. Apart from the initial cost of owning a hybrid car, consumers will have to part with more money in other crucial matters which may constitute major expenses.
Some of these matters would include insurance costs, repair costs incase of accidents, and maintenance costs, among other things. On a further note, hybrid cars require special servicing, but not all service expertise and equipment can be available for everyone who owns this type of car. In this case, many people will have to face the obligation of visiting manufacturers and dealers on a regular basis to have their vehicles serviced. This, however, does not come easy for many car owners.
Other economic effects of hybrid cars can be realized through environmental costs. The high cost of hybrid cars has left many people with no other option, but to go for traditionally-fueled vehicles which may be older, but more affordable.
Older cars are known to emit more pollution than newer ones, and in that case, increased levels of air and environmental pollution will be observed in many regions. This, however, will necessitate environmental clean-up initiatives to help minimize the possible effects of pollution which are likely to arise from such events.
Most of these clean-up efforts involve hired services, materials and equipment, thus costing the communities huge amounts of money which could have been useful in other important initiatives meant for the society. As if that was not enough, the increased use of hybrid cars in the world is has contributed to a significant decrease in the demand of conventional cars. This has threatened to leave many car manufacturers and dealers in serious financial straits.
All these observations are clear indication that the idea of hybrid cars has brought many blessings as well as curses into the world. In this regard, even as we continue to express our willingness to embrace the idea of hybrid cars as a better choice of modern transportation, we should also try to assess and consider the many economical impacts associated with them.
References  Frank, A., 2007, “Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles for a Sustainable Future,” American Scientist, 95(2), pp. 158-165.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Economic Impact of Hybrid Cars by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More  Granovskii, M., Dincer, I., and Rosen, M., 2006, “Economic and environmental comparison of conventional, hybrid, electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles,” Journal of Power Sources, 159(2), pp. 1186-1193.
 Anderson, C., and Anderson, J., 2010, Electric and hybrid cars: A history, McFarland Publishing, Jefferson, North Carolina.
Ethical Issues Surrounding Intellectual Property Rights Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction The process of inventing or discovering the innovative and rather unique product and the focus on launching it in the future can guarantee the success of a company or a person within the market. Nevertheless, there are a lot of associated challenges. Thus, the unique idea or design can be stolen or copied. Moreover, the inventor or creator does not receive the recognition and benefits, if the product and idea are not protected with references to the intellectual properties laws.
Intellectual property is one of the most controversial legal and ethical fields of management. It is the dynamic and developing area of the modern law which covers all the creations of the human mind. From this point, intellectual property can be defined as the specific concept which is used to speak about inventions, literary pieces, artistic and music works, designs, photographs, slogans, names, and symbols.
The above-mentioned pieces and objects are protected in relation to the intellectual property laws such as copyright, trade mark, industrial design rights, and patent. According to these types of intellectual property laws, the inventor or creator receives the exclusive right to control the usage of his or her discovery, invention, symbol, or image.
Types of Intellectual Property Rights The main types of intellectual property rights are distinguished according to the type of intellectual property which is protected with the help of the definite intellectual property law. It is possible to focus on copyright, trade mark, industrial design rights, and patent which guarantee the inventor, designer, or creator the protected control over the certain intellectual property (Holland).
Literary pieces, artistic and music works, web pages, commercials, computer software, graphic works, architectural works, and any other products of the human mind and ideas expressed with the help of the definite physical medium become protected by copyright. Thus, copyright protects the original work of the author which is presented in the specific form, in the medium of expression. That is why, copyright cannot protect ideas which are not fixed in any medium of expression (Holland).
Copyright is not granted by the federal agency, the registration of the creative work is necessary only if infringement occurs. Copyright provides the automatic protection of the creative works when they are fixed and presented in any tangible form. The person who has the exclusive rights provided by copyright can copy, reproduce, distribute, change, and publicly perform the work.
The owner of the copyright in spite of the absence of necessity to provide the copyright notice on the work is the only person who can determine the ways of possible usage of the work. The owner of the copyright is also the only person who can receive some financial benefits from using the creative work (Holland). The owner can also claim copyright or transfer the rights to the other person providing the written agreement.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The fact that it is unnecessary to register the work or provide the copyright notice provokes a lot of challenges for copyright owners who need to focus on confirming their authorship in order to avoid the situation of stealing the idea fixed in the physical medium (Sonderholm).
Business owners pay much attention to the image of their companies, products, and services in order to contribute to the company’s recognition. To compete within the market, it is necessary to develop an effective logo, slogan, or symbol which can stimulate the brand recognition and help consumers identify the product or service among the other competitors within the industry.
Thus, a trade mark is a brand name which is used for the definite product or service and help consumers create certain associations with the company and the quality of products. Trade mark is necessary to protect the brand name from using it for the other products within the industry.
Trade mark laws work for benefits of trade mark owners and consumers because they protect the interests of both the parties (Holland). Having chosen the effective trade mark, business owners expect that the trade mark can promote the company and product’s reputation and can contribute to the customers’ loyalty. Thus, trade marks are developed to work for the company’s benefits, but not all the trade marks can have the same impact on the improvement of the company’s reputation.
To discuss a trade mark as protectable, it is important to compare trade marks within the market and avoid any similarities. The search should be realised in the field of logos, symbols, and names in order to avoid any confusing associations. However, strong trade marks can guarantee the effective protection for business owners according to the trade mark laws.
Customers are also inclined to rely on trade marks because developed and promoted trade marks are associated with the definite company and its reputation within the industry. From this point, choosing the certain product, a consumer expects for definite quality with references to the protected reputation and goodwill.
Industrial Design Rights
Industrial design rights are often associated with copyright because of similarities in functioning and protection provided. According to the industrial design right, the designer can protect such types of the intellectual property as the design of the definite project, its form, and colour. The visual design of objects can be protected if it is fixed in the form of two-dimensional or three-dimensional pattern. These rights protect the aesthetic features of the product or object.
We will write a custom Essay on Ethical Issues Surrounding Intellectual Property Rights specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is important to protect the visual characteristics of the developed and designed product. The designer often needs to protect the specific shape, form, colour, combination of colours and lines in the object in order to avoid copying them by the other persons.
Visual patterns protected according to the industrial design laws are used to create industrial objects of the innovative form and with unique visual characteristics (Holland). Nevertheless, to protect the definite visual pattern, it is necessary to publish it in an official bulletin. In this case, the industrial design rights can be realized completely.
Inventing new products, developing new methods, and working out improvements for the existing technologies and processes, a person or a group of persons should protect their property rights with the help of a patent. It is important to note that patents provide the inventor with the right to stop the process of manufacturing a new product, using a new method, process, or improvement. Patents cannot provide the inventor or creator with the right to practise the new technology or improvement without the necessary license.
From this perspective, patents provide the inventor with the right to exclude others from using the innovation during a definite period of time and protect the utility of the product. Patents are used to protect specific features of the product or technology which adds to its usefulness (Holland). Furthermore, patents can stimulate innovations protecting the intellectual property rights of the inventor.
Intellectual Property Laws’ Objectives Intellectual property laws are developed to protect the rights of inventors, innovators, creators, and designers. As a result, the progress, creativity, and innovation are stimulated with references to the laws. It is necessary to focus on the main objectives of the intellectual property laws associated with the concepts of financial incentive, economic growth, and ethical aspect of innovation.
One of the main goals of intellectual property laws is to contribute to the development of rich and competitive market. Thus, the innovation and improvement is protected with references to the intellectual property laws. Inventors and designers can provide the financial incentive to develop the market and manufacture more products produced according to their patterns or methods. As a result, the owners of the right can receive definite profits and gain some benefits.
Moreover, the idea of financial incentive provides companies with the right to determine process and conditions for using the innovation (Barrett). Thus, companies can receive the opportunity to have the definite compensation in relation to the costs of the research and development process.
The idea of financial incentive stimulates the development of the diverse market where inventors and innovators can gain benefits from developing more innovations. That is why, financial incentive is closely associated with the general promotion of progress as the key goal of the intellectual property rights.
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Intellectual property rights are also important for the economic growth and social development. Innovations, discoveries, artistic and literary works as well as unique designs should be protected to contribute to the economic progress of the inventor or designer. If the innovation does not add to the economic development of the definite company or sphere because the innovation was copied or stolen, inventors have no stimulus to continue research and development practices.
On the other hand, the effective innovation which is practised within the company or industry contributes not only to the improvement of the company’s financial state but also to the general economic progress within the market and industry.
After the period of patent protection, innovations and improvements become accessible for the public stimulating the effective production within the definite sector or industry and making the market richer (Barrett). That is why, the economic development of the company and progress within the industry directly depends on the effective realisation of intellectual property rights.
The Ethical Aspect
The problem of stealing and coping ideas and inventions is not only the problem of marketing and management but also the problem of the business ethics. If the rights of inventors, designers, innovators, and creators are not protected, any person can use their inventions, visual patterns, and works without the necessary permission. Thus, the ethical component of permission is involved in the process.
Those persons who invented or designed definite products or images have the rights to control the usage of their ideas or inventions. It is the question of morality. The ignorance of the intellectual property rights leads to the violation of human rights.
From this point, the other important objective of the intellectual property laws is the protection of the people’s rights in relation to the issues of morality. Innovation and invention in the society where the intellectual property rights are not protected with references to ethics cannot be developed effectively because inventors and designers are at risk of violating their human rights (Sonderholm).
Receiving exclusive rights, inventors, designers, and creators also receive the definite recognition for their contribution to the development of the technological or manufacturing process. Intellectual property rights are important to protect this ethical aspect associated with innovation. The protection of this sphere is necessary to promote the further invention within the field.
Conclusion The products of the people’s creativity and invention processes can be discussed as intellectual property. Intellectual property also includes innovative objects, inventions, discoveries, literary, artistic, and music works, images, designs, visual features, logos, names, and symbols which are fixed in the definite physical form. Different forms of intellectual property are protected with intellectual property laws which differ in relation to the type of the object to be protected.
Copyright protects creative literary, artistic, and music works as well as web pages and computer software. Trade marks protect brand names and associated logos, colours, and symbols. They guarantee the support of the company’s reputation and goodwill in relation to the customers’ attitude toward the brand. Industrial design rights protect the aesthetic characteristics of the object when patents protect the objects’ features related to their usefulness and practicability.
The protection of intellectual property in relation to the above-mentioned rights also contributes to realisation of such objectives as the provision of the financial benefits for inventors and designers, the stimulation of the economic growth within the industry, and the protection of the ethical aspects of using the innovation, improvement, or design.
Works Cited Barrett, Margreth. Intellectual Property. USA: Aspen Publishers, 2008. Print.
Holland, Catherine. Intellectual Property: Patents, Trademarks, Copyrights and Trade Secrets. USA: Entrepreneur Press, 2007. Print.
Sonderholm, Jorn. “Ethical Issues Surrounding Intellectual Property Rights”. Philosophy Compass 5.12 (2010): 1107–1115. Print.
Moby Dick by Herman Melville Essay essay help
Moby Dick by Herman Melville causes unrest in minds of many readers. The narrative brings out most of the literal sense although it seems to be unfinished. The great thing about the fiction is the use of art which makes it great and strong.
Melville describes the African American characters: Pip and Fleece using various principal characteristics of literature. In this paper, we explore the elements of literature used to describe Pip and Fleece and their relationship with Ahab and Stubb respectively. In addition the dialect used depicts their speech and not superiority or inferiority of a given group of persons.
Melville uses figurative language to describe Pip as he calls him “black little Pip” in chapter 28. This means that Pip was a black and little man. “Black little Pip” is a hyperbole used to describe Pip. Melville also depicts Pip as a happy boy from Alabama. He vividly explains Pip’s happiness by the way he plays tambourine on front part of the castle.
In addition, he uses ideas and natural phenomenon like “bid in strike with angels and beat his tambourine in glory…” to define Pip’s joy or happiness. This description brings out his insanity which occurred after jumping from boat when they were chasing a whale with Stubb. As a result, he became mentally disturbed. His act of playing toumbrine joyfully depicts the state of his mind as it is shown in chapter 28.
According to Melville, Fleece is described as an old black man and the cook in the ship. In chapter 64, Melville refers to him as “old Fleece” to show his elderliness. The author uses invocation of abstract and humor to describe the stiffness in Fleece’s knees. In chapter 64, he refers to them as “…his knee pans, which did not keep well scoured like his other pan.” Symbolism and ambiguity are elements of literature used to describe the character of Fleece as an old cook.
Fleece is also described as a man who is ordered to address sharks as noted in here “mumbling voice began to addressing the sharks.” He also gives a vivid description of the interior design of the ship where Fleece supports himself while addressing sharks. Such a design can be compared to complex psychological state of Fleece due to his advanced age. The author uses idea of addressing sharks as equal to sermons given in Christian congregations. The advanced age of Fleece is shown in his limping.
The relationship between Captain Ahab and Pip brings out contrast in Pequod. According to Melville, Captain Ahab is a main and prominent character in Pequod.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Pip is direct opposite of Captain Ahab. Pip is not deeply analyzed in the novel compared to Ahab. Ahab is the most powerful and Pip is the least powerful in Pequod. In chapter 124, Pip’s speech is passionate but senseless and only way to understand him is through his bond with Ahab. Ahab begins to hunt Moby Dick and is determined to kill him as seen in his speech “wreck that hate upon him.”
In addition, he realizes Pip possessed a deeper understanding which could help him to achieve his goals. Ahab took note of Pip’s speech when Queequeg died and he said that they ought to make him a general. “General” is symbolic to show Queequeg was honorable and a good man. In chapter 125, Pip talked about his lost soul when he jumped out of boat.
At this point, Ahab realized that his sanity was controlled by his own insanity and Pip’s insanity controlled his sanity too. In chapter 129, Ahab is determined to kill Moby Dick. He begs Pip to stay with him so that he can attain his goal. The main foundations of their relationship are noted in Pip’s loyalty, the spiritual encounter under the water and lack of control over Ahab. Ahab takes advantage of these reasons to gain knowledge on how to kill Moby Dick. Mostly, Melville has used symbolism to bring out the ideas of participants.
In chapter 64, Melville brings out contrasting qualities of Stubb and Fleece. This chapter is characterized by racial stereotypes of antebellum. Here is a short description of antebellum. Antebellum in American history was characterized by conflict which divided the country.
The conflict was between agricultural South, free labor in industrializing North and slave labor. However the similarities between South and North were more pronounced than the differences. During antebellum period, the Africa-Americans were viewed in various ways by different groups of people. For example, in southern part black people were enslaved while in North Americans regarded slavery with hatred and disgust.
In chapter 64 on Stubb’s Supper, Stubb is depicted as a mischievous person with good sense of humor. He does not attach too much significance on something. Fleece is an old black cook and his character is not deeply explored. Their relationship is that of a servant master.
Ishmael uses symbolism to describe Fleece’s walking style after being awakened by Stubb to prepare his dinner. Fleece being old, he had been limping and Ishmael captures this character vividly using invocation of abstract and symbolism. The narrator defines fleece’s weakening legs as “knee-pans” to symbolize stiffening knees of the old cook. In addition, he uses kitchen items to compare his physical body with the work he does.
We will write a custom Essay on Moby Dick by Herman Melville specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A deep description of the ship’s interior is given especially from hammock where Fleece was sleeping, to the deck where Stubb stayed. Stubb complains that the steak is overdone and not rough the way sharks want it. Stubb compares himself to a shark and he also realizes how the sharks are excited about the whale they are feeding on.
He sends Fleece to give them a sermon to remind them that they should eat quietly no matter how much they eat. Fleece obeys Stubb’s orders although they seem to be unrealistic because sharks do not understand spoken language. The relationship here is that of master-servant; where a servant accomplishes orders no matter how ridiculous they may be. In addition, issues of racism are depicted clearly by the author.
Stubb tells Fleece to coax sharks instead of giving them orders, which is symbolic as he fools Fleece. In addition, Stubb mocks his Christian belief of eternal life and tells to be born again to cook steak correctly. The author here uses irony because Fleece has been a cook for many years whether born again or not.
Fleece is disappointed by the treatment and mockery shown by Stubb as he goes back to bed. Moreover, Ishmael gets metaphorical when Fleece explains to sharks that they should govern themselves calmly and feast on whale equally because it does not belong to them but to someone else. The relationship here is characterized by mockery and absurd orders.
In conclusion, the author uses symbolism, hyperboles, ambiguity of meaning, universal ideas and description of interior to describe the qualities of Fleece and Pip. In addition, Melville describes their relationships with Stubb and Ahab and the natural environment.
Wal-Mart Stores Inc Report best essay help: best essay help
A brief synopsis/summary of Wal-Mart Stores Inc Wal-Mart was established in 1945 in New Port, Arkansas and grew exponentially to become the biggest retail outlet in America by 1990. Today, Wal-Mart is one of the companies listed at New York Stock Exchange. Wal-Mart is best known its efficient operations and its cost leadership.
It has a vast distribution channel as well as an automated and central purchase system. Wal-Mart prides itself as the promoter of local small and medium enterprises (SME’s) through the umbrella campaign dubbed ‘Buy American’. The company continuously seeks to build and protect its powerful ‘The Wal-Mart Effect’ brand. Wal-Mart operates through various segments: Wal-Mart Stores, Sam’s Clubs, and International.
The likely problems/issues/challenges faced, using the case as illustrations of the theories/concepts Managing change, culture, and diversity
An analysis of Wal-Mart using human resource (HR) theories and concepts reveals that even though the company has enjoyed considerable success over the years, it is still faced with several issues. First, Wal-Mart still grapples with the challenge of the best way of managing change, culture, and diversity.
The challenge of culture and diversity has been heightened by the fact that Wal-Mart now operates internationally. International business is usually characterized by several changes and an array of cultural issues. Therefore, the company must be prepared to recruit and retain employees from diverse cultures if it is going to succeed in its international engagements.
Communication and public relations
Wal-Mart strives to ensure that there is timely, regular, and accurate information for decision making by holding regular meetings. Two sets of meeting are conducted at Wal-Mart: store meetings and Saturday morning meetings held at headquarters. In these meetings, policy changes are communicated to associates.
Managers also get to hear relevant and fast hand information about the challenges faced by the associates. Wal-Mart seeks to maintain a positive image through ‘The Wal-Mart Way’ brand. This slogan seeks to communicate the company’s unwavering commitment to quality improvement.
Wal-Mart has not been left behind in the area of community involvement. The company supports Welfare-to-Work and educational programs. Wal-Mart reimburses associates and their partners for the expenditure they incur in getting GED. During the year 1999 alone, Wal-Mart gave about 3000 sponsorships to high school students on merit. This amounted to over $8 million. Wal-Mart supports youths with disabilities, fund raises for schools, and educates the public about recycling.
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Wal-Mart is faced with the challenge of recruiting, retaining, and developing the best employees. The company’s people division recruits two categories of employees: managers and associates. Managers are salaried employees while associates are paid hourly. Wal-Mart struggles to maintain adequate staff levels for its head offices and departmental stores by recruiting over 1500 employees annually. This number is definitely high even for a big institution like Wal-Mart.
Training, development, and career progression
Continuous employee training and development is another issue facing Wal-Mart. The company conducts continuous training for store managers, their assistants, and the departmental managers. Managers are trained on-the-job as well as through book work after which they are assigned roles at the store.
Wal-Mart creates several career paths to provide opportunities for growth. These include finance, information systems, and international business. Through the Walton Institute for Retailing, the company is able to identify and nurture talent for purposes of future leadership positions.
Compensation, motivation, and employee engagement
Wal-Mart grapples with the challenge of adequately compensating and motivating its employees. The company continuously seeks to employ best reward strategies such as stock options and management incentive plans. These make employees feel proud and have a sense of belonging to the organization.
Wal-Mart engages employees by seeking their opinions and implementing the valuable ideas they suggest. To make employees feel valued and cared for, the company has implemented an open-door policy in which employees are free to approach their managers to discuss their problems at any time.
Performance management and employee productivity
Wal-Mart believes in evaluating the performance of its employees. The company believes that setting high expectations is the key to strategic competitive advantage. The company seeks to inculcate a culture of hard work, innovation, and continuous improvement amongst the employees.
All managers and associates are evaluated and outstanding employees rewarded on merit every year. The evaluation is done based on four parameters: below standard, standard, above standard, and outstanding. Wal-Mart also rewards employees who offer best suggestions on how to improve the business. This boosts their morale, leading to increased productivity.
We will write a custom Report on Wal-Mart Stores Inc specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Why these are the problems/issues/challenges faced by the company and if there are any indications
Just like other business organizations, Wal-Mart grapples with a myriad of HR issues. These include staffing, employee retention, performance management, employee training, succession planning, and motivation among other issues. There are many indications that Wal-Mart, though successful by all standards, still has to adopt best practices in dealing with these issues.
With operations beyond America, the company is grappling with the challenge of creating an organizational culture that will give it a competitive advantage even in its overseas operations. Likewise, there are indications that the company is faced with several recruitment challenges. For instance, the company must hire over 1500 employees yearly to ensure adequate numbers of staff.
Solutions to the problems/issues/challenges and the implications of such solutions
Wal-Mart must practice strategic human resource management to address the above issues. For instance, the company can practice strategic recruitment. This implies achieving a strategic fit between the employees’ talents with the organizational objectives. Further to this, Wal-Mart must continuously seek to strengthen its culture and continue embracing more diversity.
The business must continue investing in its social responsibility initiatives, seek to further strengthen its brand, and continue to develop its employees. The implication for this is that the company will gain further acceptance within the community. This will draw more customers leading to higher profits.
Wal-Mart should continue to diversify its compensation plans to include such measures as pay-for performance (P4P). The business should also continue to diversify its ways of motivating employees and adopt strong performance management systems. All these measures will have the implication of creating a performance oriented culture, well developed workforce, more productive employees, and consequently, a more profitable business.
In order to build a reputable brand, businesses should be resilient in pursuit of efficiency and effectiveness. Furthermore, businesses should not relent in their quest for continuous quality improvement. They must embrace change and create a unique culture that promotes employee involvement and motivation while also drawing customers. The business must adopt sound HR practices that achieve organizational excellence through efficient and highly motivated, productive, and loyal employees.
United States of America Essay a level english language essay help
The History of America The story of the United States is based on either the Native people’s prehistory or the 1492 voyages of Christopher Columbus to the land. USA or the United States, as it is sometimes called, is a federal republic made up of a federal district and fifty states. Native people, whose first appearance in the region was at North America, were the indigenous people in the country.
This group of people would compose of a number of distinct American ethnic communities and was called by controversial titles that were based on European language terminologies. The Voyages of Christopher Columbus, on the other hand, refers to the speculative journey of an Italian navigator and explorer by the name Christopher Columbus, across the Atlantic Ocean.
Columbus’s boat voyages were a successful exploration story, since they would lead to significant discoveries of the land. The discoveries of Columbus explorations contributed to general European awareness of the continent of America, thus necessitating its colonization by the Great Britain. This colonization begun at around 1600, and would go on for about 15 decades before the onset of the revolution war in 1775.
The first batch of Europeans to arrive in the region would languish alone for many years before a new stronger group of British settlers finally made their way into the region towards the end of the 17th century. These new settlers were indeed the first category of immigrants to bring the idea of commercial agriculture in the region, with tobacco and rice being the first agricultural products to be introduced.
The 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries would see a great number of immigrants flow into the region, with the intention of making good use of the abundant opportunities and resources that were available. Apart from the impact of these varied opportunities, many significant aspects in the American history such as industrialization and formation of the initial states would also take place in the course of this period, making America one of the most developed continents in the world those times(Wendell,2005).
However, the differences in cultural aspects arising from the diverse communities in the region would often lead to serious ethnic violence, social disruptions, and political tensions among the communities over the centuries. In fact, these pressures played a significant role in the facilitation of the American war of independence or simply the revolution war in 1775.
The American Revolution was an open confrontation that involved the Great Britain on one side, and the united colonies together with other European immigrants on the other side. The revolution would come as a result of heightening restrictions which had been placed upon the colonies by the Great Britain.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The confrontation is also said to have started as a result of disagreements over the manner in which the Natives were treated by their British colonizers, and the way they thought it was better for them to be treated. Some of these disagreements came by as a result of matters regarding taxations which the colonies believed were conducted unfairly.
While the Americans thought that their rights as the owners of the land were being trodden upon by the Europeans, particularly the British, the Great Britain would claim that it was their right to treat the colonies in every manner that suited the crown. These events would later lead to the British defeat by the Americans. This would come following the support of the latter by the French and other immigrants who had settled in the region.
The outcomes of this historic war eventually granted Americans their freedom from the colonizers. This historic achievement was realized on July 4, 1776, and the declaration of Independence would be signed officially two days later. This marked a new beginning for the Americans, since the thirteen states which had previously being under the harsh rule and domination of Great Britain for many centuries were now free to come together to establish an autonomous government.
The states could now form their own way of leadership, and be able to come up with own laws that would be suitable for them in all aspects. 37 more states were formed in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries increasing the number of states to 50 from the previous 13, thus giving rise to modern America.
1780s would see key nationalists from the 13 states come together to form a new constitution to serve as a foundation for this new nation that was too fragile to withstand any form of pressure that was likely to arise. The new constitution paved way for a stronger government with a powerful president and new laws.
George Washington, a renowned political figure who had played an active role in the revolutionary war was elected the first president of the country, under the new constitution in 1789. Ever since then, America has gone through smooth and tough, wars and treaties, and good and bad times, to emerge not only as one of the most developed countries in the world, but also as a global superpower. The United States has had 44 presidents so far, with Barack Obama being the current occupant of the Whitehouse.
Significant Events in the Country’s Life The American life is marked by many significant events which include wars and diseases. Concerning wars, there have been all sorts of warring events in the country’s history. This would range from domestic conflicts to international conflicts where the Americans have been involved in conflicts with combatants from other countries.
We will write a custom Essay on United States of America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some of the well-known conflicts involving the Americans had taken place in the colonial times, while others would occur just after the independence and the years to follow. The King Philip’s War, which took place between July 1675 and August 1676, was among the first wars involving the Americans. This was followed by a conflict involving France and the English colonies, a confrontation that was known as King William’s War between 1689 and 1697.
There was also the King George’s war which took place between 1744 and 1748. This was followed closely by the French and Indian War involving the Great Britain and French colonies from 1756 to 1763. The Cherokee War between 1759 and 1761 would pave way for the Revolution War that was fought for eight consecutive years starting from the year 1775.
The Post-independence wars involving the US included Franco-American Naval War of 1798, Barbary Wars, War of 1812, Creek War, Mexican-American War, Spanish-American War, and the U.S. Civil War. Some of the major wars in the American history would include the Great War, World War II, the Cold War, Vietnam War, Invasion of Panama by the US, Persian Gulf War, the Invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, and the US disarmament war on Iraq.
The Iraq war which begun in 2003 and took not less than five years to end, is arguably one of the worst wars that have involved the Americans recently.
Apart from these notable wars and conflicts, America has also experienced a number of diseases. As it would be observed, Native Americans have been victims to various health concerns and diseases throughout history.
Most of these diseases, however, are said to have resulted from the interactions of the Europeans when they first invaded the American territories way back in 1600 and the years to follow. The most notable diseases and health concerns arising from these foreign invasions would include, but were not limited to, smallpox, measles, cholera, typhoid, tuberculosis, chicken pox, scarlet fever, influenza, whooping cough, yellow fever, bilious disorder, and sexually transmitted diseases (Matthew
Management of Hepatitis B virus infection Essay custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Public health management of hepatitis B virus infection
Introduction Chronic hepatitis B virus infection has been proved a usual source of death link to liver failure, cirrhosis and liver cancer. Internationally, more than 345 million individuals have chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) with more than 619,000 individuals dying each year from hepatitis B virus associated liver illness.
Vaccination for HBV is greatly efficient for prevention of infection with hepatitis B virus and subsequent acute and severe liver illness. In the US, the cases of newly acquired hepatitis B virus infections have reduced significantly due to the success of public health management in the execution of an intensive national immunization policy. Nevertheless, the prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection is still high. In 2006, about one million residents of the United States were living with hepatitis B virus infection (Shetty,
Neanderthals Tools, Materials and Behavior Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Levallois versus Archeulian tools
DNA and the FOXP2 gene
Evidence of ritual behavior
Neanderthals similarity to man
Levallois versus Archeulian tools Archeulian tools were associated with the Homo erectus. They had no level of specialization and could be used for a series of purposes that included butchering, hacking trees or many more.
Conversely, Levallion tools were linked to Neanderthal man. Levallion tools differed from earlier Archeulian tools because they required a lot more technology to manufacture them. Metin Eren had to learn the process of flint napping, and this took him several years. A further 18 months were sufficient to determine the strength and number of blows required for the work.
The Neanderthals were not just making a sharp object; they needed a flake whose shape would allow them to perform tasks using the least amount of effort. They had to make their blows as precise as possible in order to make the item symmetrical. Morphometrics, or the study of object shapes, allowed Eren to uncover this truth.
The key advantage of the Levallois flake was that it was easy to reuse owing to its symmetry. One could sharpen the tool quite easily. Furthermore, it allowed users to exert less pressure when making cuts, so they saved time and energy. Other stone flakes could not be reused easily and required a lot of force.
Adhesive materials Neanderthals manufactured the adhesive they used in spears from birch trees. They made the first artificial pitch in this era. Experts like Wil Roebroeks have found that this species spent a lot of time to heat the bark of those trees. They had to determine the right amount of heat needed to create the adhesive because excessive amounts would have burnt the bark while minimal heat would not have produced the glue. It took Roerboeks and his team eight products to recreate the product using Neanderthal man’s tools.
Since the adhesive was not naturally found, but was manufactured, one can assert that Neanderthals were intelligent beings. They had the wits needed to formulate this process. Living Homo sapiens, who proceeded him, have not even been able to make as much of the adhesive as Neanderthals.
Roebroeks experiments did not yield sufficient adhesive to make a spear. This means that Neanderthals were sharp enough to figure out such a complex process. They worked with some of the most difficult apparatus and unfriendly conditions, yet they overcame those limitations. Such industriousness destroys the myth that they were brutish.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More DNA and the FOXP2 gene Scientists first found Neanderthal bone material from Croatia. The site would allow them to obtain DNA from three females. The investigators found out that Neanderthal man shared the same gene for language as man. This means that the species communicated through language.
Additionally, their investigations reveled that Neanderthals and man interbred. They had enough material to make them similar to man. Svante Paabo, together with a range of other geneticists, compared man’s genes with that of Neanderthals. They realized that the DNA in Neanderthal man was present in man. It accounted for between one and four percent of the Homo sapiens they analyzed. This indicates that interbreeding between the two species occurred and some of man’s descendants testify to this interbreeding.
The FOXP2 is the gene responsible for language. It is present in Homo sapiens thus testifying to their intelligence. The process reveals that Neanderthals had skills and abilities that testified to their brainpower.
Evidence of ritual behavior Neanderthals used to decorate themselves as seen through cut marks on tail ends of birds found in their caves. They targeted birds that had minimal food value for aesthetic reasons. Additionally, they used seashells to adorn themselves. This was seen through holes in the shells as well as the presence of iron pigments in seashells. The latter was used to decorate or change the color of the shells. Other scientists like Zolhao have found colored minerals on horse bones,
Evidence also exists on Neanderthals’ burials of the dead. Some bones were found in Spain; they were in a fetal position. Their hands were close to their chest, and rocks covered them in a manner that indicated intent. This implies that they buried their dead.
Neanderthals similarity to man John Hawks found that the degree to which Neanderthal genes were present in man differed from geographical area to geographical area. Homo sapiens from Europe had a much higher level of Neanderthal genes than say the Chinese. This indicates that interbreeding took place depending on where the two species interacted the most. The least interbreeding took place in Africa and China while the most was in Tuscany Italy.
Neanderthals may have become extinct as a result of absorption by a distinct species. The process took a relatively long time because interbreeding between the species was a prolonged event. Therefore, it is the breeding of these species that led to their extinction rather than the sudden elimination of Neanderthals. Many scientists assume that they were simply wiped out by a superior group. However, it is the outnumbering process that led to their elimination.
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Spinney’s Analysis Essay scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Mission Statement
The Competitive Position of Spinneys
Mission Statement Spinneys’ vision is “to be the supermarket of choice for those who enjoy good food and are community opinion formers” (Spinneys, 2013). This vision has three main parts. First, the enterprise wants to be the supermarket of choice. This means that it wants to have a competitive position among customers, and to be the first one that customers think about when they plan to go shopping. The second part of the vision identifies Spinneys’ preferred market.
The preferred market for the enterprise consists of people who enjoy good food. This distinction is calculated to make people feel that the place to find good food is Spinneys. The enterprise wants everyone who shops in any of its stores to feel certain that the company gives them only the best. The third part of the vision clarifies the organization’s target customers. This section points out that Spinneys is interested in getting opinion shapes to be its main customers.
The Competitive Position of Spinneys The competitive position of Spinneys comes from three aspects. First, the company derives its competitive position from its geographical spread. The business has stores in several countries in various parts of the Middle East. In particular, the company has twenty-nine stores in the UAE (Spinneys, 2013). Twenty-one of the Spinneys stores are in Dubai, five in Sharjar and one in Ajman (Spinneys, 2013).
In addition to these stores, the company has one store in Egypt, seven in Lebanon, and one in Jordan (Spinneys, 2013). The main advantage that comes from having several stores in different locations is that the company can present itself as an international brand. This comes with an international supply chain that reduces supply disruptions and creates a regional sense of loyalty in their customers. It also makes the company attractive to the increasing number of immigrants into the Middle East.
The second element of Spinneys competitive position is its strong focus on customer service in the Middle East. The supermarket chain has a long history of serving this market since 1924 (Spinneys, 2013). The result is that the company has developed a deep understanding of the customer needs in the region. This understanding translates into a strong competitive advantage because of the institutional memory of the organization. The longevity of the life of the chain of stores in the Middle East is almost unrivalled.
The third element of the organization’s competitive position is its strong brand name. The Spinneys brand is one of the best-known brands in the UAE, and in the Middle East. The company has dedicated a lot of time to the branding of its stores across the region. A strong brand name is part of the assets of a modern corporation (Meredeth
iRobot Vacuum Cleaner Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Everyone desires to use least time possible and achieve high efficiency in accomplishing any task. Human labor often fails to achieve such desires due to poor time management skills and inherent nature of suffering exhaustion while trying to accomplish tasks.
To cater for flaws in human nature, human beings have embarked on manufacturing and using various types of machines with the aim of using less time while carrying out tasks and achieving high efficiency. Such machines find use both at home and in the industries and for them to accomplish set tasks, their design must be appropriate. This essay seeks to explain iRobot vacuum cleaner design, how iRobot fits into consumer engineering and Taylorism theories and look into twelve precepts of modern design.
Theories of Design Scientific Management Theory
Fredrick Winslow Taylor, an American engineer, propagated principles of scientific management theory also known as Taylorism (Gorman). Scientific management theory involves carrying out elaborate time and movement studies of employees who are most effective in their roles. Then, the theory looks for ways of eliminating unnecessary movements in their work. As such, the theory focuses on efficiency in every realm of life and has six fundamental principles (Gorman).
The first principle of scientific management focuses on eliminating rule of thumb through development of science for every part of employee’s task (Management Study Guide). As such, the principle proposes observation and analysis of every part and time taken to complete a task allocated to any worker. This is possible through elimination of rule of thumb by a scientific method, which involves inquiry, exploration, gathering information, interpretation and decision-making (Management Study Guide).
Scientific management involves choosing of employees and training them in a scientific way. In this regard, every employer should create a scientific method of selecting employees, which specifies requirements for every role (Management Study Guide). Training is necessary to make an employee fit for assigned roles, duties, and should aim at developing employees to the highest level possible.
The third principle of scientific management encourages harmony between management and staff members. According to Taylor, cooperation works better than individualism and it is only through harmony that a company can achieve its objectives (Management Study Guide). Management and employees should avoid conflicts between themselves through looking out for each other’s interests (Management Study Guide).
The fourth principle of scientific management dwells on sharing out of responsibilities. Management should allocate tasks based on an employee’s skills and qualifications (Management Study Guide). In addition, management should concern itself with allocation of tasks while employees should continuously execute tasks allocated by management. As such, planning and execution should be as separate as possible (Management Study Guide).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The fifth principle of scientific management proposes mental rejuvenation, which involves change in attitude towards each other, creation of proper working environment for workers, solving of problems afflicting workers and commensurate compensation at all times (Management Study Guide).
In addition, workers should execute tasks with profound attention and cautiousness and should avoid wasting of resources. Such a relationship instills a sense of belonging to a worker and boosts morale as well leading to discipline and loyalty among workers.
Lastly, scientific management espouses the principle of mutual benefit for employer and employee through achievement of optimal development for both. As such, a company should avail chances for achieving high efficiency to optimize output and utilization of resources (Management Study Guide). This will in turn lead to more profits and better compensation for workers. Optimization of output should replace restriction of output (Management Study Guide).
Consumer Engineering Theory
This theory refers to shaping a product to fit into a consumer’s needs and stimulation of a customer’s preference for a particular product. Consumer engineering is a prerequisite for competitive advantage and involves fast understanding of consumer needs and expectations as well as predicting a consumer’s future needs. Consumer engineering involves focusing on consumer’s insight and necessary skills in engineering and manufacturing to design innovative solutions to customers needs.
A modern consumer has information concerning products and is more aware of any global trend that comes up. Such a customer requires customized and personal products that can satisfy and not necessarily that which is superior to another product.
Twelve Precepts of Modern Design
Modern design refers to planning and creating of gadgets appropriate to people’s way of life, capabilities and desires (Gorman 148). The concept is over a century old and arose from people’s opposition to challenges resulting from technological change. Modern design contains twelve rules as enumerated below (Gorman 148). Modern design should satisfy pragmatic desires of modern living (Gorman 148). Secondly, modern design should be compatible with modern life and should therefore manifest the spirit of modern times.
Thirdly, modern inventions should assist modern design especially in the fields of fine arts and pure sciences. Modern design should utilize fresh materials and skills and endeavor to create new ones (Gorman 148). Modern design should come up with models, textures and hues that arise from the direct satisfaction of needs in suitable materials and skills. In addition, modern design should clearly express the function of a gadget to avoid ambiguity in its use (Gorman 148).
We will write a custom Essay on iRobot Vacuum Cleaner specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Concerning materials used in making any gadget, modern design should not disguise such materials used. In the same manner, the mode of production should be clear and as such, modern design should not disguise mass production as handmade. Modern design should endeavor to produce visually stimulating products and should be simple in its make without external exaggerations. Modern design should make the tools used available for use in other areas and should serve as many people as possible in a cheap way (Gorman 148).
The iRobot is a computerized vacuum cleaning machine introduced in the market in 2002. Irobot gathers its power from rechargeable batteries, and is available in various models, which come with docking stations (iRobot.com). In the course of cleaning, iRobot evades steps by utilizing four infrared feelers on the front underbelly of the gadget.
Known as cliff feelers, they continuously emit infrared warnings and iRobot expects them to bounce back at once (Lewis). If iRobot is approaching an edge, warnings disappear and this makes the robot turn in another direction. Incase iRobot hits into an object, its fender pulls back and activates technical object feelers that informs iRobot it has hit into an obstacle. Consequently, iRobot searches for a clear passage (Layton).
In addition, iRobot contains a wall feeler, which is located on the right area of the fender and makes iRobot travel adjacent to walls and around gadgets without touching them (Layton). As such, iRobot cleans quite close to objects like furniture without hitting into them. Irobot decides its own cleaning passage by utilizing a pre-set logic that acquires full floor coverage.
In case of low battery, iRobot goes back and connects to its charger by itself by utilizing infrared receiver situated on its front fender. When battery power goes down, iRobot searches for infrared signal produced by the charger. It then follows the warning and plugs itself to the charger (Layton).
Irobot cleaning system consists of three components. The rotating side brush comes out of the shell and reaches spots that the underbelly cannot reach (Lewis). It rotates adjacent to walls to kick up dirt and leads it into the vacuum region. The agitator, located on the underbelly, has two brushes that pick dirt and puts it into the dirt area. The third component, vacuum, takes up dirt and dust as iRobot moves on the floor (Layton).
Irobot fits into scientific management theory. Various components form the iRobot and this is cooperation envisaged by the theory. Secondly, iRobot maximizes its reach on the floor to clean a big area as possible. It works diligently on tasks allocated and grants the owner maximum satisfaction.
In addition, iRobot is a result of scientific research advocated by Taylor. Taylor encouraged sharing of responsibilities and this is evident in iRobot where different components perform separate tasks but with the aim of accomplishing a greater goal: vacuum cleaning.
Not sure if you can write a paper on iRobot Vacuum Cleaner by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Irobot fits into consumer engineering theory in that, its design and application meet the need of a client. Overall, iRobot is simple in structure and appeals to consumers. Manufacturers have endeavored to explain what materials make up iRobot and have even allowed people to hack into iRobot systems so that they can propose additional changes. Lastly, iRobot fits into consumer engineering theory since it is a product of mass production and this is clear to customers.
Works Cited Gorman, Carma R., ed. The Industrial Design Reader. New York: Allworth Press, 2003. Print.
iRobot.com. iRobot. 2013. Web. .
Layton, Julia. How Robotic Vacuums Work. 2013. Web. .
Lewis, Debi. Robots Move Off the Toy Shelf to Homes, Hospitals. 7 May 2013. Web. .
Management Study Guide. Principles of Scientific Management. 2013. Web. .
The Romeros Return Concert Report writing essay help: writing essay help
The Romeros is a Spanish guitar quartet founded in 1960s by Celedonio Romero. The quartet comprises members from the Romero family. Breathtaking talent and mastery of musical concepts characterize the group’s performances. They had recorded their first songs by the time they were seven years old.
They relocated to the United States from Spain in 1957. The group has undergone different changes in its membership involving replacements in several instances. Currently, the group is composed of Pepe Romero, Celin Romero, Lito Romero, and Celino Romero. Performances for the Romero return concert took place at the Copley Symphony Hall in San Diego. Performances were from Friday May 17 to Sunday May 19, 2013 and the dominant feature was Spanish music that characterizes the quartet’s genre.
The venue of the performance was the Copley Symphony hall in downtown San Diego. It was elegant and casual, adding to the aura of the event. The fact that the Romeros identify as the masters of the guitar attracted many people to the concert. The quartet did not let down their fans because they gave a sterling performance. Their supporting group, The Concierto de Malaga String orchestra did a good job of supplementing their excellent skills.
The orchestra and the performance by the conductor, Jahja Ling moved the crowd. The program of the performances included an array of different music tastes that included Christmas carols and Spanish classical music that made it appropriate for people of all ages. However, most of the attendees were older people. Frequent coughing and sneezing interrupted performances, which was a put off to many fans. Young people were few as classical music is common among the older generation.
The performances were stunning because of roles played by each member of the quartet and orchestra. Jahja Ling was the conductor while Pepe Romero was the main guitarist. Denyce Graves was the mezzo-soprano and displayed stunning vocal abilities and prowess. The performances aimed at celebrating three main figures in classical music including Enrique Granados, Morton Gould, and Celedonio Romero.
To celebrate their late father Celedonio Romero, the quartet in association with the orchestra performed the Concierto de Malaga. During these performances, Pepe Romero stunned the crowd with his excellent guitar-playing skills. To celebrate the works of Enrique Granados, they performed tres danzas espanolas. The intermission of the concert involvedperformances to celebrate the works of Morton Gould. They performed Troubadour Music for four guitars by Gould.
One of the most amazing aspects of their performances was good stage presence. The conductor was very enthusiastic, and enjoyed every moment of the performances. On the other hand, the orchestra was stunning mainly during the performance of Tres danzas Espanolas by Granados. Among the performers, Denyce Graves’s performance was average.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She sang three out of the thirteen segments of El amor Brujo, which contains a vocal part that is supposed to be sung by a soprano vocalist. Her average performance could be attributed to the fact that the piece is usually performed without the segments which the quarter decided to include to improve performance.
Her poor performance was evident in other pieces such including song of a broken heart during which she had difficulty in maintain the correct pitch. Her voice sounded a little bit off pitch and her interpretation was hesitant in some pieces. In several instances, the orchestra drowned her voice and she could not be heard audibly mostly by people at the rear of the hall. Despite the inaudibility and poor pitch, she gave an excellent performance because the other members came to her aid whenever she missed a note.
However, there were challenges that lowered the quality of the performances. The orchestra’s performance was not up to par with the reputation of the Romero. In addition, Romero mastery of the guitar was not apparent in certain pieces because they mainly played songs that did not involve much use of the guitar.
At certain instances, the guitar was not audible because the orchestra volume was too loud. However, the performance of Celedonio’s pieces revealed their mastery of the guitar. The program included an intermission during which fans were treated to works of Morton Gould. The works of Gould performed at the concert were specially written for the Romeros in 1969 to commemorate Gould, a great musician and composer.
The return of the Romero concert at the Copley Symphony Hall in San Diego was a stunning performance that revealed the mastery of the Romeros quartet. The concert mainly included performances to celebrate the works of Enrique Granados, Morton Gould, and Celedonio Romero. Apart from a few hitch ups, the group lead guitarist, Pepe Romero displayed his excellent guitar-playing skills.
In addition, the mezzo-soprano was stunning except for some misgiving during some performances. The lighting of the stage was appropriate and their stage presence was commendable. The performances were a revelation that the legacy of Celedonio Romero, the founder of the group is still alive and influencing many people.
History of Romanticism Report (Assessment) best college essay help
What is Romanticism?
Romanticism refers to the period of intellectual, artistic and literary movement in Europe in the first half of nineteenth century. This movement was a vivid response to the Industrial Revolution, as well as a revolt against existing political and social norms (Gunderson 38). Romanticism was an ideological system that criticized rationalistic nature of assumption.
Therefore, the priority was given to the development of visual arts, literature, music, and natural sciences. Romanticism had a potent impact on political life, leading to the development of radical and liberal view on governance.
Romanticism is characterized by free expressions of emotions and feeling, which is often exposed in literature, artistic works, and science. The significance and nature of Romanticism is also analyzed by German artist Caspar Friedrich and poet William Wordsworth. The supporters of the Romantic Movement point to the spontaneous and irrational display of powerful emotions and feeling that allow humans express themselves.
In terms of artistic representation, the emphasis should be placed on imagination as the major source for creating artistic works whereas artificial rules should be ignored. Additionally, the representatives of Romantic Movement attained much importance of genuineness and originality of ideas and thoughts.
Why is the 19th Century Called The Romantic Era?
The nineteenth century is called the Romantic Era because describes a historical and cultural movement characterized by aesthetic style and attitude toward art, literature, and science. In artistic sphere, romanticism was a protest against the neoclassical search for intellectual control and order (Gunderson 16).
A human, therefore, should be guided by sense and intuition rather than by logic and reasoning. Finally, people should be free from dogma dictated by the Church. In literature, Romantic Movement can be perceived as a shift in Western mythological trends in portraying heroes. In fact, real hero with ordinary abilities and skills prevailed instead of focus on supernatural phenomenon.
The movement features strong emotion as a powerful tool for expressing aesthetic experience, with an emphasis placed on such emotional states as horror, apprehension, and awe that were especially encouraged during that time. In artistic field, painters focused on picturesque representation of natural landscapes, as well as naturalized interpretation of human activities. Despite the fact that movement originates from Europe – the cradle of scientific discoveries – it supported prevalence of emotion and intuition over rational approaches practiced during the era of Enlightenment.
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In modern times, the concept of Romanticism has not been changed when it comes to the core concepts and outlooks. At the same time, there are certain shifts in terms of the creation of marginal movements and various streams within this ideology. It should also be stressed that Romanticism has largely been affected by technological progress and innovation and, therefore, the modern supporters of this movement fight against spread of state-of-the-art technologies because destruct humans and nature.
Usually, ‘romantic’ minds usually possess a progressive mind and, therefore, these people are not afraid of expressing ideas that differ radically from the well-acknowledge ones. Additionally, being romantic is still associated with absence of knowledge. Instead, the emphasis is placed on imagination and unlimited self-expression.
Within the context of the rapid development of consumerist culture, it can be stated that Romanticism has played a crucial role in advancing the industrialization process due to the straightforwardness of the ideas. At the same time, the modern Romanticism stands apart from technological and industrial development because it is now regarded as a socio-cultural movement representing pieces of art and literary work.
Do Men and Women Have Different Ideas about What Is Romantic?
Psychologists would definitely argue that males and females feel differently due to the peculiarities of their nervous systems. Indeed, both men and women refer to different forms of romantic attachments, particularly when it comes to romantic relationships. In this respect, multiple research studies prove that men are prone to be les anxious and more avoidant as compared to women (Erdman and Ng 211).
When men become attached to relationships, they tend to create distance to be on the save side and make things easier. In fact, they ignore romantic attachments and feelings. In contrast, women tend to be more anxious. Being attached increases their anxiety and therefore, close relationships could be more disruptive for women in emotional terms, as compared to men. In this respect, it can be concluded that women are more prone to be romantic because they are not afraid of expressing their feelings whereas men are expected to use reason to take control of the situation.
Is Romanticism Universal or Do Different Cultures Have Different Ideas?
When it comes to the different views on romanticism in various cultures, the focus should be on the concept of collectivism and individualism, as well as on low-context and high-context cultures. In this respect, Western countries, in which the priority is given to individualism and low-context dependence, romanticism is closely associated with freedom of self-determination and expression of ideas (Erdman and Ng 215).
In Eastern countries, which are characterized by individualism and high-context environment, people are less oriented toward romanticism because individuals are highly affected by traditions, rituals, and customs that restrict human freedom to express their emotions freely.
We will write a custom Assessment on History of Romanticism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Work Cited Erdman, Phyllis, and Kok-Mun Ng. Attachment: Expanding the Cultural Connections. US: Taylor
Race Stratification Research Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Introduction Minority isolation is a stark reality in North America. However, its manifestation and magnitude differs tremendously between Canada and the US. While Canada has ethnic enclaves, its housing patterns do not represent the extreme stigmatization and isolation that is prevalent in US ghettos. In fact, research shows that the prevalence of racialized ghettos in Canada is quite questionable as most locations are highly dispersed and racially neutral.
Furthermore, economic mobility is possible for those who live in them. Conversely, US ghettos embody extreme stigmatization of minorities. Socialization systems fail their residents and lead to continuous perpetuation of poverty from generation to generation. Therefore, while racial segregation in ghettos is endemic, plagued by poverty and involuntary in the US, Canadian ethnic enclaves are voluntary and heterogeneous in terms of income.
Comparison of racial segregation in housing between Canada and the US Polikoff (2006) explains that Ghettoization is very much alive in the US. Segregation in housing has led to the development of racially-defined ghettos which entrap their residents. These ghettos arose as a result of numerous economic and social reasons. First, policies in the US have historically favored white land and home ownership, which has led to segregated housing patterns.
In the 1930s, the Federal Housing Act created a policy that provided loans to white home owners. In the subsequent decades, whites could enjoy tax exemptions while non whites could not. Construction firms built cheap and massive houses in the inner cities while a series of whites left for the suburbs.
Attempts at integration in the 1960s only perpetuated further zoning as white sub urban communities created their own municipalities. This provided them access to funds meant for all urban residents. Realtors also perpetuated racial discrimination by leasing and renting to certain races. Therefore, black settlers only had cheap housing in which to live. The result was an excluded minority-based residential community.
Conversely, racial minorities in Canada, who live in the same residential areas, did not suffer from continued discrimination in housing. Instead, most of them chose to live together for voluntary reasons. They came together in order to communicate and commune with one other.
Most ethnic immigrants spoke different languages and adhered to different cultures from the mainstream. They chose to live with persons who shared their background in order to feel comfortable. Therefore, unlike their American counterparts who were forced into the ghetto by discrimination in housing, racial minorities in Canada chose to live in these locations voluntarily. These individuals had the option of leaving those ethnic enclaves if they wanted to because social and economic policies were not stacked against them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In essence, those enclaves are temporary neighborhoods that meet the needs of residents and then prepare them to integrate into the rest of society. Several locations in Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal are increasingly heterogeneous. This implies that there is no systematic growth of racial minorities in these locations. The racial character of former enclaves keeps shifting to indicate that a lot of integration is taking place.
US racialized ghettos are characterized by a high level of social isolation. Residents are cut off from institutions that form part of mainstream society. This implies that they do not have access to networks that would furnish them with employment opportunities. As a result, they are trapped in a cycle of continuous unemployment.
Other classes and ethnicities rely on business networks to secure employment, but African Americans in urban ghettos do not have such an advantage. They lack community associations that would provide them with such a platform. Members also do not attend school or political meetings regularly. Middle income blacks prefer not to interact with their low income counterparts as a result of fear.
Since crime and drug activities are rife in these ghettos, African Americans who would have helped the economically disadvantaged do not do so due to environmental constraints. Social cohesion, friendship ties and voluntary activities are elusive in racially segregated American ghettos (Whitehead, 2000).
Conversely, Canada appears to have the opposite problem. Ethnic enclaves in some parts of Canada like Toronto and Vancouver have immense levels of social networks. Chinese immigrant populations in these cities have high incomes and above average home ownership rates.
These networks emanate from community associations between immigrants of this particular group. The individuals have also taken advantage of their family ties in business to apply for mortgage loans, which have allowed them to own homes easily. It should be noted that these ethnic enclaves were not always like this in the past.
During the early 1900s residential locations with many Chinese immigrants were run down, filthy and crime-prone. However, adjustments in property taxes and the continued arrival of wealthy Chinese immigrants led to an adjustment of these racial enclaves (Evenden, 2004). Residential areas predominated by this ethnic community turned into historical sites rather than dysfunctional locations. Therefore, while the US ghettos continue to deteriorate, racial minority residential areas in Canada continue to flourish.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Race Stratification specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Decline in employment opportunities within ghettos in the US explains why the ghettos are racially segregated. Prior to the 1960s, African Americans in general could not access employment opportunities due to racial discrimination. However, after racial reforms and affirmative action, blacks could now access employment opportunities.
Most of them did blue collar jobs in manufacturing companies. However, subsequent decades saw a decline in manufacturing jobs as most of them were relocated to other parts of the city. Individuals from these ghettos could no longer access jobs and had to cope with increasing levels of poverty. Furthermore, even small business organizations that would have offered employment opportunities took a flight from these predominantly black ghettos. They left because manufacturers that supported the residents no longer existed.
It is difficult for residents in these neighborhoods to look for work in other parts of the city due to racial discrimination in white-only parts as well as challenges in transportation. As a result, a great degree of poverty is now prevalent in these communities. Many black, ghetto residents have turned to a life of crime and drugs in order to cope with unemployment. This has led to greater ecological deterioration of their housing units.
Canada does not seem to suffer from this problem. Persons of one ethnic community may represent the majority in a certain neighborhood; however their work choices do not necessarily come from the same area (Walks
Most Annoying Things about Common Blog Post Titles Essay (Article) a level english language essay help
5 Most Annoying Things about Common Blog Post Titles Blog titles are your first introduction to your reading public. They are your siren call to your potential customers and clients. In a Google search, especially on a small screen, the title – limited in length to a few tens of characters, in many cases – may be all that your reader knows about you before clicking on your link.
Thus, they deserve as much attention and care as every other portion of your blog, website and other elements of your marketing efforts. There exist some really annoying ways to construct a blog title, virtually guaranteed to irritate your audience. You can avoid these by being considerate of your reader’s limited time and aesthetic sensibilities.
Misuse of English words The English language is arguably the richest world language in terms of vocabulary. Although there are some few concepts that do not have a specific word to express them, these instances are rare. If a writer exerts some effort, the right word, or at least the correct phrase to express almost any concept awaits your finding it.
There is thus simply no excuse for the use of the wrong word. This applies as much to blog posting titles as much as it does to more formal types of writing. It is so irritating to see a blog title that was clearly composed with enthusiasm but little in-depth knowledge of the vast range of word choice options.
Misuse of English phrases English has many idiomatic phrase constructions that are vivid and instantly evocative of images and ideas. However, as with any idiom, misuse of these phrases is a dead giveaway that the writer is either not literate or not an English speaker. One example of idiomatic constructions that are often (and irritatingly) mistaken is that of colloquial pairs. Phrases such as ‘prim and proper’, or ‘by and large’, are virtually incomprehensible except as idioms that one simply memorizes. These phrases resist decoding of some of these phrases means that they are risky to use unless one has checked their meaning and applicability. Here again, a less than literate or fluent speaker is likely to ‘come a cropper’, or ‘lay an egg’, to use two phrases meaning make an embarrassing error.
What is the solution to the two problems noted above?
One is to be literate oneself. This involves reading constantly, and reading high quality material in a variety of fields and genres. Thus, for example, if you are a businessperson, try reading outside the financial press.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, you should not only cast your eyes on the New York Times Book Review section (or another book review source) from time to time (in addition to the business section), but also actually read some of the books that are reviewed. This will expose you to the vocabulary and locutions employed in other areas of study and expertise. With time and increasing breadth of reading, you will be able to distinguish incorrect use of phrases more readily.
Another solution is to hire writers who are fluent and competent users of English. This raises its own problem. How do you tell whether someone is a ‘power user’ of English? Well, if you are, yourself, a native speaker, it should be relatively easy.
However, even native speakers may have spent more effort in their lives in honing (this is a frequently misused word, by the way) their business or technical skills, than on expository writing. In this situation, or if you are an ESL speaker yourself, it may be necessary to actually run a detailed grammar and word usage check on a sample of a prospective writer’s work. If a writing sample comes up clean, that gives you some assurance of this individual’s competence.
Overstatement Saying that something is the best, the biggest, the most, is sometimes accurate but more often is just hyperbole. Consider carefully, as well, when making any sort of claim of uniqueness (e.g., ‘we are the only’). If it is not entirely true, and it seldom is, it is simply an irritant to your readers. Just stop and think before asserting that anything is the ultimate of any characteristic.
Inaccuracy Your readers have limited time to devote to reading your blog, or any other writer’s. They appreciate being directed accurately to the most relevant topics. If you misstate the topic in the title, you can really turn off your readers. Think about what the content is, rather than what you want to sell, in generating a title.
Uncertainty about the subject This can occur when the author does not understand the topic. Alternatively, it can occur when the author faces a nearly impossible challenge; to include the key words that the blog requires, as well as the specific topic of the post.
How can you avoid this particular irritation? Be sure that you or your writer understands what the topic is, and don’t insist on overly long key words or phrases.
We will write a custom Article on Most Annoying Things about Common Blog Post Titles specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Your readers deserve to know what exactly you are trying to convey, not just be hit with a mini-sales-pitch. Be correct in your use of language and accurate in describing your blog post, and readers will think kindly of you and your product or service.
5 Golden Rules of Entry Level Resume Writing Hooray for you – you have made it to graduation. You have a degree in hand, and everything that this represents, to offer the world of work. Now, how to launch your career? Along with making polite networking calls to everyone you know who might be in the position to hire, or be acquainted with someone who can hire; you need to assemble your resume/curriculum vitae. We’ll discuss some ideas for optimizing that effort.
You may have been applying for jobs since you were of legal age to work. You may have a list of work experiences that fills several pages already. On the other hand, your first job hunt out of college may be, in fact, your first job hunt. In either case, your resume is your best means communicating how wonderful you are to prospective employers.
Employers are receiving masses of resumes these days. While your parents may complain about how hard it was to get an employer’s attention back when they were trying to get their first jobs, your situation is more extreme. Your target employers are getting resumes via email as well as snail mail and personal delivery ‘over the transom’, as the old-school phrase described it. The amount of time that they can dedicate to your individual resume must be measurable in nanoseconds!
You need to make the most of your one chance to grab the attention and eyeballs of the person who is making the hiring decision. In everything you do, consider the limited time available to make an impression on your reader.
Don’t send out a one-size-fits-all resume – Know your audience:
You need to research the organization or entrepreneur the resume is meant to impress. With the help of your computer and a printer, customization is not only possible, but crucial. See above for the reason; limited time on your reader’s part.
She/he needs to be able to see how your qualifications are going to help them IMMEDIATELY. The reader should not have to figure this out. Spoon feed them! Connect your qualifications directly to the firm’s mission. The only way to do this effectively is to know the firm, their product, and anything else you can find out, in as much depth as possible. And, no, the effort is not wasted if you do not get that job. This research will stand you in good stead in applying to any similar firm.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Most Annoying Things about Common Blog Post Titles by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Don’t undersell yourself – Make the most of what you are:
Consider all your good points and everything you have accomplished for inclusion in your resume. What should you include? Things that are legal, which you could discuss without embarrassment with your parents, are good items with which to start.
Make a list of all courses you have taken, including non-credit ones. Make another with all your volunteer service, and one listing any experience that paid. List your travel, camps, outside lessons (e.g., violin, fencing, karate), and most especially, your honors. Go deep here, and list everything that could be construed as an award or distinction. List, as well, anything you did as your private passion. Maybe you taught yourself to fish, or knit, or had a garage band.
Don’t include trivialities
After you have listed everything – EVERYTHING – the real work begins. Your list is valuable and you should keep it. This investment of time you have made is a long-term one. However, you must select from this comprehensive list only the right items to put in each customized resume.
For example, the prize you won for raffia work in middle school is not relevant for most office job applications. However, if you are applying to be a camp counselor, this could get you the job! Your embarrassing stint wearing historic colonial costume and demonstrating the crafts of the 1700s and 1800s may not seem immediately useful, but one young lady parlayed that very experience into an actual job teaching history.
The internet makes all information shareable – fast. Assume that any assertion you make can and will be followed up on if you receive a serious job offer. Be sure that you have provided enough information to allow your employer to reach someone who can confirm your achievements or at least your dates of employment.
This is more important when you are starting out than perhaps later on. Employers are concerned about, among other things, your work ethic, and work habits, because you are just starting out. They cannot infer these things from your resume, and it is fair that they wish to speak with someone who knows you. Just be honest. If you cannot be sure that you will get a good reference, leave that employer or experience out.
Your personal interests and the people/bands/movies/online games of which you are a fan do not generally constitute relevant information unless such predilections have resulted in some tangible achievement. Save such revelations for your social media page, but be careful there as well. Be sure that you have set things up so that only your presentable information is visible. In your resume, be professional rather than cute.
Be truthful but not gushing, and toot your own horn. No one else will. Your resume is your best means to this end.
5 Most Annoying Things about Common Blog Post Titles Because blogs have become such a vital part of so many marketing efforts, it is critical that all their constituent parts be appealing and informative. This includes the title. You can avoid alienating your readers if you also avoid annoying them. Of course this is a challenge, given that you have such limited space and such minimal access to your reader’s attention. However, you can reduce your chance of irritating potential customers and clients by eschewing the following all too common errors.
Titles that don’t give a clear indication of the subject matter
Your readers, customers, clients, supporters, or donors– whatever their reason for coming to your blog post – has very limited opportunity, time, and attention to grasp your topic. They may have less than a second to read your title. They must decide instantly whether this is something they need to read, want to read, have the discretionary time to read, and are willing to invest the time to read. For your part, you have those same pitifully limited fractions of a second to let the reader know why they should click on your post at all.
You need to be crystalline and transparent in the way you convey your content. Never mind that you may want to sell a product or service in the title as well. It is very important that your title reflect what the blog post is actually about. Otherwise you risk confusing your readers and potentially losing some who could actually use the substantive information you are providing.
You also may make readers resentful because they will feel that although they are being offered an informational blog, they are getting something else instead. Of course, you need to start by knowing what you are trying to convey in order to express it succinctly and accurately in a few words in your title.
The technique that this writer uses is as follows: to create the topic sentence as precisely and as truthfully as possible, and then pare this down to the absolute minimum.
Titles that are just plain meaningless because of confusion over word usage
Have you seen the phrase ‘kick-up’ used where it should be ‘kick-start’? Have you seen the word ‘preponderance’ used where the near-but-not-quite synonym ‘superiority’ would be more graceful and more accurate? Have you seen a blog post title that included the awkward near-miss phrase, ‘going an extra mile’, rather than the more usually seen ‘going the extra mile’? These painful misuses of the English language trip up the eye and make the brain ache. If you can avoid doing this to your readers and potential clients, do so!
There is no secure defense against such mistakes except true literacy. You need to be comfortable with idiomatic English (or whatever language you are using) or hire writers who are entirely at ease with it. There is no reliable substitute.
In the absence of a writer who is fully fluent and facile with language, you can fall back on the online guides to grammar and usage. There are grammar checkers as well that cost something in a subscription or a one-time fee, but if you are doing a great deal of blog posting, it may be worth it.
Titles that promise the best, the worst, the newest, the most effective, the ultimate – perhaps even including the title of this post!
While this title format is tempting, sometimes ineluctably so, it should be kept for only those situations where it is really justified by the facts of the case. Asserting that you have identified the ultimate of whatever item is under discussion, and then just recycling what everyone already knows is a tease for the reader that may result in resentment.
Try to be restrained in your claims for your blog posting content. This writer has no hope of convincing anyone not to use this format, but please be forewarned about the risks.
Titles that just sell, sell, sell
We noted earlier that concealing a sales pitch under the aegis of an information blog posting is irritating. While it is more honest to make the sales purpose of the content explicit in the title, it is nonetheless annoying. Try to respect your readers’ time by offering something they can apply to daily life, rather than merely an advertisement.
Titles that are so driven by awkward keywords that they make no sense
It is certainly the case that keywords are important, and that they help your readers find you on the World Wide Web. However, an awkward key-phrase is going to really mess up the title thoroughly.
Yes, perhaps someone out there has searched, for example, on the word ‘homeworks’ – why, one has trouble imagining, but apparently someone has done so, and repeatedly enough for it to be detectable by the search engine algorithms. However, trying to include this seldom (if ever) used form of the word in the title is going to guarantee a clunky result (this writer speaks from painful personal experience). The same is true of any odd-ball forms of any word or phrase.
If you feel that you must, absolutely must, use a word or phrase that sounds ridiculous, in the title, give yourself or your writer the freedom to work around this literary road block
It is critical to not be misled into thinking that blog titles are somehow exempt from the rules for writing that apply elsewhere. Be clear and have integrity in what you put in the title. If you respect your readers’ time in your title, you will garner their attention and, one hopes, their business.
8 Ways to Add Color to Your Writing Routine Writing for others, expository writing, writing to assignment, writing to a deadline; these are all challenging parts of being a freelancer. When you are creating on schedule, and expressing what someone else needs for you to express, rather than your own feelings or ideas, your writing can become quite mechanical. There is a distressing tendency to fall back on a handful of options for sentence structure or for illustrative phrases when writing under pressure.
One assignment begins to sound disappointingly like the next and the previous one. After a while, you may find that your writing is not as interesting as you would like, and that is has become rather flat and grey, with no spark to interest the reader. If you went into writing because you love it (and why on earth else would one do so?) this situation can be depressing. A flattening and washing out of the dimensionality of your writing can also be a handicap in getting new jobs. Your clients want your services because you can grab the reader’s attention. If all they wanted was a mechanical text generator, they could use a piece of software.
How can you keep your writing fresh and vivid? Think of your writing routine like your home. You want it to be filled with useful furnishings in beautiful colors in all probability. You want it illuminated well, and appropriately. You want your writing to be the same way, don’t you? You want to get the job done with appealing text, illuminated by useful insights.
The best way to add this sort of liveliness to your writing is to be absorbing new and unfamiliar words, phrases, and locutions, drawn from every academic field, and realm of activity and endeavor. You should be expanding your bank of ideas every day, and learning how to use them appropriately. This need not cost an overly excessive amount in terms of money, time, or effort.
Learn a new adjective and adverb each day
There are dozens of free vocabulary-building websites online. If you access one that you like, this can remain open while you are writing so that you can flip back and forth between your writing project and a screen that explains a new word or phrase. You really learn them thoroughly, and their proper use in real-life sentences.
Read a variety of literature
There is really nothing better than this approach. Reading is the way to see imaginative combinations of words and vivid metaphors in action. Your goal should be to look at a broad range of writing genres and styles. To accomplish your purpose, you want to be reading way outside your comfort zone and usual areas of interest.
For example, if you regularly read the sports page of your favorite newspaper or news blog, find the arts review section, or the book review section, and take a look. (If you find a title there that remotely intrigues you, this is your chance to read a well-recommended book, or an exhibit that is worth visiting – see below.)
Alternatively, if you read manga for fun, try reading some poetry from the 19th century or before. As you read, note the special terminology used in different fields, whether finance or literary criticism. You can be sure that every field has its own jargon and ways of expressing things. If you pick up on these, you may find ways to use them in your own writing, with care. At the very least, you will see that there is more than one way to say something.
Listen to radio in a variety of genres
There is wonderful stuff on the radio. If you are in a place that has limited radio, you can stream many radio programs over the internet. Consider Prairie Home Companion, or Le Show, from National Public Media. The BBC has a massive roster of fascinating shows that feature scientific and cultural discussion and use specialized terminology.
Watch movies and TV shows that you don’t usually follow
Here again, you can hear marvelously varied language in films from varying genres. Police procedurals, courtroom dramas, and wildlife documentaries, in particular, will expose you to specialty jargon.
Appreciate visual art
Whether you see it in a gallery, in person, or online, there is art available everywhere. The experience of viewing fine art is inspiring, and if you take the trouble to note your impressions of the work, you will be stretching your writing muscles in a fashion that is hard to duplicate.
Listen to music
This is a similar technique. You may be able to find free concerts, or just listen online to YouTube, but music is also inspiring, in slightly different ways. Again, if you will record your feelings in response to the performance, using words other than ‘awesome’, you will find your image-generating facilities improved.
Immerse yourself in nature
Nature is overwhelming. If you have any chance to be in touch with things that are green and growing, take it. The experience of nature, no matter how brief, will touch your nervous system in an irreplaceable way. Here again, you need to take down your impressions of your contact with the natural world. This exercise will expand your capacities as well.
Talk with people whom you don’t usually, perhaps by volunteering
Listen to the novel rhythms of their speech and think about how you could apply some of the ways that they use language. Although most people speak in slang and with incorrect grammar most of the time, the expressions that people use can spark ideas and images for you. This infusion of novel linguistic adornments can help to ignite your own creativity, and find expression in your writing.
Keep in mind that exposure to new words, phrases, and ways of speaking, is the key to your work being constantly renewed. Use the riches of language around you to inspire new ways of expressing yourself and add color to your writing routine.
Public Health Administrators Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Proper health is a very important aspect in life and people have always sought quality and affordable medical services when they are sick to ensure they are healthy. Health institutions are working hard to ensure they meet health requirements of the populations they serve.
Doctors and nurses have ensured all patients get timely treatment and preventive services to control and manage diseases. In addition, public health administrators have played significant roles in ensuring health services are provided to the population according to required regulations (Rowitz 2008). This paper highlights the role of public health administrators in healthcare institutions.
Definition Public health administrators are professionals in charge of managing all affairs of health institutions. They supervise and coordinate the activities of health facilities and ensure there is a healthy relationship between patients and doctors.
This means that their role includes creating a favorable working environment that will ensure patients and nurses understand each other to promote efficiency in service delivery (Turnock 2011). Even though the roles of these administrators are not usually pronounced, they are very important in determining the future of health institutions.
The most important contributions of public health administrators to improving public health include bridging the gap between physicians and their patients (Rowitz 2008). This means that they have ensured there is a healthy relation among all healthcare stakeholders to promote efficiency, transparency and accountability in health facilities. Therefore, they have enabled health providers and patients to understand each other and this has strengthened their relationships.
In addition, they have ensured doctors and nurses have adequate equipment and facilities that will enable them to offer good services (Turnock 2011). They have pushed governments and health departments to provide the required tools and funds to health facilities. Lastly, they have addressed key issues like accommodation and other requirements that nurses need while providing inpatient and outpatient services.
Public health administration is a career worth pursuing since it is challenging and exposes learners to various health issues including disease prevention, management and treatment. Secondly, it accommodates all other careers including law, education, management and research, therefore, making it a dynamic career that widens an individual’s knowledge (Rowitz 2008).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lastly, it ensures people protect life and advance its quality since health administrators offer their expertise and skills in serving their communities. Therefore, this is a career that ensures an individual enjoys serving other people by improving their health.
The expanded and new roles of public health administrators vary depending on states and the size of health institutions. However, most of them have general roles of ensuring that health facilities provide disease prevention, treatment and management services to the local population (Turnock 2011). This means that they must ensure these institutions have adequate funds and personnel to manage health related issues.
Poverty and chronic diseases have increased and this means that health administrators must develop different approaches in managing health complications (Rowitz 2008). For instance, they must ensure health facilities offer services that will promote affordable healthcare services since most people are poor and unable to fund their hospital bills. In addition, they must develop ways of managing chronic diseases that have increased due to poor diets.
Conclusion Public health administrators play supportive roles to the services offered by physicians. These stakeholders should work together to ensure patients get good services and, at the same time, healthcare service providers enjoy their work.
References Rowitz, L. (2008). Public Health Leadership: Putting Principles into Practice. Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
Turnock, B. (2011). Essentials of Public Health. Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
UAE Obesity Problem Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
The modern world is a rapidly developing place in all spheres of humanity and production of fast food and access to take-out combined with little exercise, have raised very many health concerns. Obesity is becoming a growing problem and United Arab Emirates has not been excluded from a number of countries where overweight population is increasing.
There are several issues and causes of obesity in UAE. The primary one is the culture and the particulars of dress code, as well as lifestyle. By some estimates, over 60 per cent of the population is overweight and this leads to many health related problems and risks. Diabetes and heart disease are becoming predominant, as extra weight puts strain on the heart, as well as the rest of the body.
The whole nation is affected, as increased health risks put pressure on the healthcare system and affect the economical wellbeing of the country. The individuals are suffering just as much because they are forced to lead limited lifestyle and also, face the danger of significant life shortening.
The long working hours, the availability of junk food and the relaxation time that is characterized by being at home and little activity, all factors that contribute to people becoming overweight. The fact that United Arab Emirates is experiencing an increase in the economic development is another reason why people are forced to lead unhealthy lifestyles. The increase in the pollution and industrialization, as well as the rise in technology and a lesser need to contribute physically, heighten the body’s inability to fight excess weight.
This sort of issue can be seen all over the world, as people are becoming more dependent on technology and the ease of avoiding activities. Previously, people had to walk longer distances, contribute to farming and other active work, whereas today, office employment, internet and ability to get easy access to food or even order it without leaving the house, made society very inactive.
The nutrition and the type of food that is consumed also play a great role. Someone might be busy with work and eat only once a day but a great amount of food. This becomes detrimental to health, as the body is “hit” with an extreme amount of food at one time. This makes the organism store a portion of proteins as fat, so that they can be processed at a later time. The picture would be very different if people exercised more and rationed their food, to be separated into three to five meals daily.
The cultural view that being overweight is the sign of good health is another predisposition that has been observed in the Arab Emirates. An old-fashioned view that women are healthier and will be able to provide better feeding to children has stayed rooted deep within traditions and people’s way of life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The most alarming part of the problem is that there is a significant increase in child obesity. As parents become busier with their careers and developing businesses, children often eat foods that are high in cholesterol, greater amounts of sugar and refined carbohydrates.
Fast food has had an enormous affect on the social life of children and the cycle keeps being perpetuated. Children are at a much higher risk of obesity and heart strain, as their bodies are not as strong and their metabolism is much weaker, compared to adults. It is vital that changes are implemented immediately, as it is better to prevent problems than solve them.
Rule for the World by Barnet and Finnemore Essay (Book Review) college admission essay help
From the first chapter of the book, the authors explore how the world politics have been bureaucratized through the establishment of international organizations. To a large extent, the authors are quite categorical that international organizations have indeed evolved and become highly bureaucratic in the sense that they have the power to exercise their ideals over independent states across the globe (Barnet and Finnemore 6).
While such an assertion may imply that international organizations have become autocratic in their operations, the authors should have emphasized that these organizations usually seek some form of authorization from individual states. It is also worth to mention that the degree of bureaucracy mentioned in the book may not be common across the board especially when all the global states are put into consideration.
From the book, it is evident that international organizations have taken a center stage in influencing global politics and governance policies. Although not all of these organizations can be judged the same way, the common emerging trend is that these organizations are turning out to be special bureaucratic bodies. Initially, international organizations were mainly known to execute pacts between international states.
Such pacts were meant to forge a common benefit among partner states. In other words, the guiding principles were drawn from the affected states. The latter had the sole mandate to decide the best governing or regulation policies that could be used. Even productive rights are being controlled by some of these organizations. A case in point is the World Health organization that has the authority to issue restrictive birth control guidelines to specific independent states.
Such restrictions are usually issued in cases when some of these states need international aid. Another typical example is the European Central Bank which is currently influencing monetary policies among several states across the globe. The authors highlight that it may not be a fair practice for an organization such as the European Central Bank to influence the fiscal policies of sovereign states since it directly amounts to a high level of bureaucracy and autocratic form of leadership.
Nonetheless, the authors have failed to develop a clear-cut difference between being authoritative and autocratic especially in regards to elements of bureaucracy that have been witnessed in most of these international organizations. Perhaps, aligning the roles of individual international organizations with the enforcement tactics that have been put in place may shed additional light on the bureaucratic performance of the aforementioned organizations.
It may not be justified to label all the activities of these international organizations with negative attributes of bureaucracy. In any case, there are several states that often acknowledge the operations of the so-called bureaucratic international organizations. Even though these organizations are often discredited and harshly judged in public discourses, it is indeed factual that they perform vital roles in their specific areas of concern.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The national military arrangements of most member states of the North Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO) and United Nations Organization (UNO) are now being monitored. Needless to say, these two global organizations are instrumental in creating and pursuing stiff policies that govern international peace and stability. However, the authors seem to concentrate more on the bureaucratic nature of the UN and NATO without factoring the aspects of efficiency and overall goodwill.
For instance, it can be recalled that the main reason why the UN was formed immediately after the end of the Second World War was to prevent the occurrence of another similar global war. If this was indeed the case, then the events that took place especially after the end of the active Cold War era would not have been witnessed at all. For example, the Gulf War took place with the full support of the UN veto states.
While the war led to massive loss of human life and property and consequent humanitarian crisis, little was done to avert the war in the first place. The on-going civil war in Syria is yet another critical example of how the highly lauded bureaucratic international organizations have failed to perform their roles as expected.
Travel advisories are usually issued by World Health Organization. The authors note that International Organizations have become bureaucracies since they “have distinct social form of authority with its own internal logic and behavioral proclivities” (Barnet and Finnemore 3). It is understood that most of these travel advisories are often injurious to domestic economies especially in regards to the tourism industry.
One of the notable strengths in the authors’ arguments is that the travel advisories that may be issued by institutions such as the World Health organization and the sister organizations may be beneficial to individual travelers across the globe. In fact, the authors concur that if international organizations could perform their mandates with goodwill, then, their activities could be lauded without any element of doubt.
In terms of methodology, the authors make use of both empirical and theoretical approaches in exploring how international organizations have changed into highly bureaucratic institutions that do not respect the sovereignty of individual states. From the theoretical framework, the discussions in the book have been approached from various international relations’ perspectives. For example, it is indeed agreeable that the diffusion of norms and dysfunctional behaviors are common features of most modern international organizations.
The theoretical framework has been addressed in details and satisfactorily, bearing in mind that history attests to most of the arguments presented in this section. In fact, the theoretical framework used assists in revealing the strength of the book. However, the empirical examination of the three international organizations lacks adequate primary data that can be used to cement the arguments. Hence, there is a slight mismatch between the theoretical and empirical methodologies used in the book.
We will write a custom Book Review on Rule for the World by Barnet and Finnemore specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The authors emphasize that IMF has heavily influenced domestic monetary policies; UNHCR has contributed towards the poor repatriation policies while the bureaucratization of peacekeeping has been worsened by the UN Secretariat. Besides, both methodologies demonstrate that change, dysfunction, power and autonomy are the four key behavioral patterns of international organizations.
These features enable us to treat them as bureaucracies (Barnet and Finnemore 32). We can only comprehend international organizations if we understand their activities. These organizations make use of their authorities to control key state activities across the world. International organizations also evolve with the passage of time. Both methodologies also treat international organizations as bureaucracies since Modern life is dominated by various levels of bureaucracies.
Although we perceive that bureaucracies perform integral roles in our society, there is growing dislike for institutions that are associated with bureaucratic activities. Rules are used to constitute bureaucracies (Barnet and Finnemore 42). From the empirical studies carried out by the authors, the constitutive mechanism of change was found to be instrumental. In addition, the internal/cultural box has been used to reveal bureaucratic culture.
Works Cited Barnet, Michael and Martha, Finnemore. Rule for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. London: Cornell University Press, 2004. Print.
Designing and implementing a conflict management system Problem Solution Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction A conflict is a situation in which a divergence exists between the interests, goals, requirements or values of the involved parties (Masters, 2002). Conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in organizations, projects, departments and businesses which makes conflict management systems essential in facilitating and expediting conflict resolution (Pammer, 2003).
Conflict Management Systems generally seek to capture a comprehensive outlook of a situation or issue and are therefore impartial and neutral. Mediation is an optimistic way of adjusting the traditions of employee associations. Mediation’s capability to find solutions and securely run responsibilities needs careful incorporation since it is a versatile procedure that is used at any phase, from casual encounters to settling disputes between organizational departments and administrators.
Discussion Conflict in workplaces has large and adverse effects to the organization involved since it can lead to a significant loss of resources such as time and productivity (Costantino, 1996). This makes a conflict management system a necessity in both the public and private sectors. Various organizations have developed strategies and measures of settling disputes as exemplified by Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).
In order to design an effective conflict management system, data has to be collected on the type of conflict affecting an organization so as to establish the type of conflict to address given that conflict can be between workers, between administrators or between workers and their employers (Masters, 2002).
After establishing the type of conflict, the organization has to commit itself to developing an integrated conflict management system. Prior to the adaptation of an integrated conflict management system, the organization is required to execute five critical stages (Pammer, 2003).
These stages are: assessment and inquiry, planning and start up, system design, implementation and transition. Assessment and inquiry on the will of the stakeholders to change is the first step that should be undertaken (Masters, 2002). Thereafter responsibility should be assigned to administer the development and implementation of the system. Innovations in the conflict management system, designs and processes relevant to the organization should then be identified.
After the appropriate design of the system has been selected, early communication should be developed through implementation of early training to foster candor and demonstrate cohesion to all members of the organization (Pammer, 2003). The system should be calibrated to ensure that it is aligned with the vision, mission and values of the organization. A strategic approach has to be developed for effective communication by employing an interest-based tone consistent with the initiative.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, training should be provided to all persons whose role involves managing conflict or controlling the workplace environment (Costantino, 1996). The final integrated conflict management system is therefore expected to offer a highly specialized conflict resolution service for deadlock cases, delicate cases or other cases that need immediate attention.
Conclusion To make sure the system is effective, any adjustment of the system should be constantly monitored and inculcated into the daily activities of the organization (Costantino, 1996). This will assist in checking how effective the system is and also facilitate various innovations on conflict resolution (Pammer, 2003).
The members of an institution should be taught the importance of embracing the conflict management system and also should be informed on the impact of mutual coexistence. This will ensure the workers develop a positive attitude towards the conflict management system and mitigate any opposition or rejection of the system by the workforce.
References Costantino. C. A.,
Fiji Water Case Case Study essay help online: essay help online
CREST (N) Analysis Competitive landscape
The bottled water industry is a competitive industry (MarketLine, 2013). There are numerous companies in the industry, with the US market comprising of highly established firms such as Coca Cola and PepsiCo.
The Australian market, on the other hand, has about 1000 different brands competing in the market. Generally, the primary competitors include Dasani and Aquafina, which are the brands marketed by global giants Coca Cola and PepsiCo respectively. The companies use either tap water or rain water to package water in bottles and market it to both the domestic and international market.
The government mainly uses the executive, legislature, and judiciary to undertake industry regulation. The executive issues directives, while the legislature passes bills in parliament, which are transformed into laws in the country. The judiciary adjudicates on complaints that are raised by industry players, who may object to any of the executive directives or legislations passed by the parliament.
The global economy is still recovering from a financial credit crisis that was experienced between 2007 and 2012. Most economies are yet to fully recover, thus affecting their domestic markets’ purchasing power (Han, Pagano,
International Business Major Assignment Essay college admissions essay help
Analysis of critical issues or management in a foreign business environment The expansion of businesses in the international environment has emerged as one of the competitive strategies that are used by firms. Most of the challenges that are witnessed by firms in the international business environment revolve around the issue of managing in a new business environment, which denotes variations in business culture (Arunjo, 2007). The new Chief Executive Officer, Mia Foster, has the challenge of ensuring that the company establishes itself in a totally new market.
The new market has different business conditions and a totally new culture of management. However, Foster has fear that the company events are run by Chen. She fears dissolving the local culture of the company as depicted in the business dimension that was taken by Chen (Rentfrow, 2010). One reason why the company sought to expand into the international market was the shrinking domestic market, which implied a reduction in productivity (Bartlett
Face-to-Face Communication: Why it is better than Other Types of Communication Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Understanding the Superiority of Face-to-Face Communication
Thesis It is argued in this paper that personal face-to-face communication is better than any other types of communication, particularly in light of engaging with others and observing verbal and non-verbal behavioral styles, occurrence in real-time as opposed to non-synchronized time, and its capacity to provide human contact among communicators Major Sections Introduction Understanding the Superiority of Face-to-Face Communication Capacity to engage with others and observe important verbal and non-verbal behavioral styles during communication
Occurs in real-time
Provides human closeness and contact among communicators
Analysis on management issues that the CEO Mia Foster is facing with reference to academic business theory Essay college admissions essay help
Several business theories are applicable in the process of dealing with management issues especially on the buying behavior of individuals and marketing processes within international market (Gopalakrishnan, 2004). It is important for Foster to analyze such dimensions for the purposes of inventing appropriate processes capable of persuading consumers to buy products and services.
In most occasions customers purchase food products after undergoing a series of steps such as familiarizing themselves with the kind of food available for consumption and their distinctive tastes. Due to such experiences consumers make different buying decisions based on a number of factors such as cultural influences, environmental elements as well their own personality (Hughes and Morgan, 2006).
According to the case study, consumers though attracted to foreign fast food companies were still associating with restaurants serving Chinese food and those of Asian origin due to their affordable charges on food such as large fries which appealed to Chinese youths. At some point McDonalds adopted the same aspect which made Chinese youth willing to indulge in foreign fare.
This is based on Generic theory of buying behavior where consumers follow generic model on decision-making before finally purchasing new products within the market. Foster experienced challenge on handling menu variations for food, handling major business operations as well as organizing focused marketing team. Within Chinese market, the challenge was based on appealing to local preferences which mostly inclined towards rice-based dishes as well as low pricing.
The other issue was based on cultural theory of buying behavior, whereby most purchases are made based on cultural affiliations within specified regions. Within such context an individual’s culture refers to set of values and beliefs common to a particular community.
In regions like China, purchases are based on various aspects such as income and occupation which characterizes the strong middle-class and large population of women workforce. There is also growing trend on the culture of eating out within Chinese food industry as revealed by the increased per capita income within the middle class population (Lee et al., 2006).
Internalization as indicated in the case study has the capability of bringing about multicultural challenges within management as well as employment sector, since those involved are required to be familiar with standards of target market. This includes being familiar with native language within target market segment as the case of Louis Chan who was quite conversant with Chinese language.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the nature of competition within food industry calls for application of workable marketing principles capable of consolidating consumers from different cultural backgrounds. At the same time, the kind of advertisement, products and services utilized by Levender café needs to be directed towards assisting employees such as Mia Foster from different country background to overcome cultural barriers.
The other challenge involves need for application of appropriate line of strategies for the purposes of overcoming existing challenges within Chinese market. Lavendary café requires establishment of concrete knowledge on traditional values from different countries since Western and Eastern kind of lifestyle are quite different.
Good example is on management of finances, while Chen preferred the use of US GAAP methods, Foster was for the contrary opinion and wanted application of accounting method which would cope with high revenue expenditure in China. This shows that operations within international market require management’s sensitivity towards employment owing to presence of culturally diverse groups (Levenburg and Schwarz, 2008).
There is also challenge on proper management of resources revealed from the kind of disagreements arising on application of right financial tools for purposes of market analysis.
This is revealed from the case when Foster took over as the CEO of Lavendary Cafe and found out that Chinese subsidiary submitted all management as well as financial reports in their own format. Despite the finance team recommending the use of US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), Foster had contrary idea on financial management within China operations. Such misconceptions within Lavendary café’s management could lead towards drop in sales within its various outlets.
At the same time, issues on economic downturn, shifting of consumer tastes and preferences could significantly affect sales trend within international market. Management of brand image also presents one of the crucial aspects since it determines nature of consumer loyalty within specified market segments.
ccording to the case study, many American restaurants had struggled in China due to image portrayed, for example Pretzel Time’s failed due to use of its white decor which according to consumers reminded them of a bathroom. In the case of Lavendary cafe this is portrayed from the case where one of the senior managers is concerned about the image of Lavendary after he found out about the cheap outlets opened in China by Louis.
We will write a custom Essay on Analysis on management issues that the CEO Mia Foster is facing with reference to academic business theory specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Analysis of the future prospects of the marketplace in China using detailed information from the Case study
According to the case study on Lavendary Café, majority of middle working class within Chinese market obtain their food from restaurants and tend to incline towards food with Asian tastes.
Residents prefer local food to foreign dishes especially of western origin. Statistics reveal that most of restaurants in China provide food with Asian taste the same applies to street vendors who majorly deal with food stuff and beverages (Knight, 1997). At the same time, statistics further shows that the ratio of male to female is almost equal with female and youths forming good percentage of the population. Such set-up calls for creative branding with symbolic Chinese images and incorporating traditional values.
Chinese food related segments comprises of traditional consumers, adventurous and uninvolved consumers. The case study clearly indicates that the number of adventurous consumers from the middle class are higher hence services improved based on time and quality of food supplied (Lee et al., 2005).
Shopping habits within the United States and international market can be described based on factors such as; importance attached to product information, delightfulness during shopping, nature of pricing mechanism applied, image of the restaurant and their products (Lee et al., 2005).
Revelation from the case study shows that majority of the population prefer casual eating habits especially in companionship with friends and families, and this provides an opportunity for Lavendary Cafe to specialize in fast foods. The increase in the number of eating outs within Chinese market can be attributed to societal changes and long working hours.
Owing to available opportunities Lavendary cafe should focus on providing international customers with reliable and quality services. The financial forecast as mentioned within the case study is one of the tools appropriate for determining future prospects within Chinese market for Lavendary Cafe’.
The issues surrounding foreign exchange rates are crucial especially when dealing with both Chinese currency and US dollar. This is since fluctuations in currency rates might at times affect delivery of sufficient and quality products owing to increased prices of products.
However, quality of food products within international market is measured based on hygiene and satisfaction levels (Lee and Sukoco, 2007). There is need to observe hygiene and health standards as portrayed by United States image on its products. This acts as an attractive and motivating factor towards purchase of foreign products by native consumers. Chinese population considers variety and pricing attached on products as one of the basis for making their purchases.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis on management issues that the CEO Mia Foster is facing with reference to academic business theory by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This can be shown in the case study, from the fact that McDonald’s affordable charges on large fries appealed to Chinese youths hence making them willing to indulge in foreign fare (Kreiser et al., 2002). Success within Chinese market depends on satisfying middle class population, male bachelors and providing unique product design which also considers nature of labelling (Hemelgor, 2002).
Application of the five forces
Five forces of competition model by Michael Porter provides good basis for describing the nature of food and beverage industry within China. Porter’s Five forces is used to refer to aspects such as; threat of new entrants, bargaining power of suppliers, bargaining power of buyers, threat of substitute products, and rivalry among various firms within food industry.
The food and beverage industry as described in the case study is considered to have high degree on threat of new entrants since the cost of entry into the food and beverage business is low and at the same time the industry is continually growing. Good example from the case study points out on the changes experienced within Chinese chains, whereby upon learning from foreign competition, they began to focus on standardization as well as tight control of raw materials, food preparation and in-store service.
Such conditions led to the entry of restaurants such as; McDonalds, Dar Jia Le, Country Style Cooking, Hong Kong-based Little sheep, KFC having more than 3000 restaurants in China, independent full-service restaurants which dominated Chinese food industry with total of over 2.5 million outlets nationally.
In the present situation there are several restaurants and food outlets with no dominant firm. Consumer trends based on customer value business model, reveals that location and target group is an important aspect when is comes to establishment of restaurant.
The aspect of location, quality food provided and brand name makes the criteria on which markets are penetrated. This can be explained from the fact that quick service sector was highly competitive and growing fastest in China. McDonald’s entry in China was marked by its menu featuring its famous Big Mac, McNuggets as well as French fries.
They enriched their menu by adding China Mac with black pepper sauce, pork burgers and red bean ice cream. However, their affordable charges on large fries appealed to Chinese youths hence making them willing to indulge in foreign fare.
The aspect of location can be revealed from Chen’s action of opening an outlet in the corner ground floor location within new high-rise office building. The strategic location of the restaurant provided instant attraction amongst white-collar employees from global financial firms within the same building.
At the same time, positioning done by Chen on new location provided convenience on casual dinning with table service. However, there also seems to be lack of government regulation and at the same time most restaurants offer same line of food services hence making low barriers to entry. Capital investment required for start of such business is also low in China (Kao, 2009).
Then there is bargaining power of suppliers which can be considered as relatively high in China since the food and beverage industry requires range of supplies for normal operations of the business. Most of the suppliers within Chinese food industry are specialized in perishable products.
The only distinguishing factor amongst suppliers is the nature of packaging used for materials, technology applied, and nature of delivery and level of hygiene applied. Such competition based on distinguishing factors makes the costs high hence granting suppliers influence. The other factor which drives up the cost is the availability of many food outlets within the market.
Bargaining power of buyers within Chinese market is considered high based on high population. Most restaurants rely on cash sales from customers, however, customer retention is little challenging since availability of many food outlets makes switching costs low.
This shows that the industry in China is characterized by low member retention since consumers are willing to pay additional costs depending on quality of service and food offered this makes consumers to influence prices since they can easily switch companies (Levenburg and Schwarz, 2008).
Restaurants such as Lavendary Café face stiff competition in China from substitutes such as food outlets and street vendors. While food from the restaurant may be expensive, street vendors offer consumers quality food at affordable prices.
However, most street vendors depend on those preferring night-outs; the only benefit of restaurants is that they are not affected by changes in weather or political unrest since they are in-doors (Lee and Lim, 2008). Eating at home is also one of the substitutes though it does not provide the same social interaction as that from restaurants, despite offering significant conveniences.
Based on the above descriptions from the case study, it can be shown that services provided across Chinese food industry are relatively similar, making restaurants to offer affordable prices for the purposes of capturing considerable percentage of market (Lee and Peterson, 2000). From the case study, China can be considered to have good potential owing to its growing population with current population standing at 1.4 billion. There is also rising urban population and emergence of strong middle class with significant per capita income.
What would you suggest is the better approach for Mia Foster to adopt in her meeting with Louis Chen? Justify you answers with academic business theory support and examples of behavior approach and business practice from the case study and your own experience
Mia Foster should cooperate with Louis Chan in the first instances for the purposes of obtaining concrete information concerning operations within Chinese market. This is since Chan is considered one of the most successful managers within Chinese market. These include drawing crucial information from sources such as company’s corporate reports good example being the one presented by Steele showing the condition of Lavendary café within 23 locations in China.
In such cases the objective lies in trying to discover various aspects of the business which could be utilized for its success. A model referred to as ‘gap model’ was developed by Parasuraman and his colleagues and is used to assist in identifying gaps existing between the perceived quality of service given to customers and their expectations.
The model operates based on five gaps; (1) consumer expectation-management perception gap, (2) management perception-service quality expectation gap, (3) service quality specifications-service delivery gap, (4) service delivery-external communications to consumers’ gap and (5) expected service-perceived service gap. The case described could be related to Gap’s model part 5 where the expected and perceived services from Levendary’s headquarters were clearly nonexistent (Fareena and Merlin, 2000).
Gap-5 refers to the kind of service quality shortfall as identified by consumers whereas gaps 1-4 refers to various shortcomings found within entire organization (Fareena and Merlin, 2000). Within various outlets in different locations there was a clear gap between the service quality specifications from main menu and the delivery of those specifications to the consumers, since some locations had only serving tables and no chairs.
The research showed that Chen applied Levendary’s design standards and menu selection only in Pudong city. This shows that utilizing the right employees presents one of the most important aspects since it enables enrichment of company’s capabilities. Chen had used his own knowledge contrary to that of the company and changed various items in Levendary’s menu within some locations such as that in Beijing’s embassy row without the consent of top management team.
There was also replacement of Levendary’s classic chairs with plastic chairs from local furniture supplier. Application of such business principles does not necessarily compromise objectives of such for-profit enterprises but Mia Foster’s perspective was that many business practices in food sector offer similar services across the whole sector, hence expected all 23 Levendary’s outlets to have same design and menu.
Mia Foster should also utilize the gap model part 4 which allows CEO as leader of services provided within Levendary café to preview and counter check various designs and images used in advertising the company before consumers are exposed to them (Fareena and Merlin, 2000).
Understanding the nature of attraction and retention of new customers within the industry provides an important aspect of marketing. There is also need to investigate whether or not success within food industry is inherent to the social enterprise business model, or whether it is relative to the successes of other companies within other sectors.
Mia Foster could have also applied friendly approach as depicted from disconfirmation of expectations model. This model entails four main constructs which include; expectations, performance, disconfirmation, and satisfaction.
This also could be related to my experience at Jordan’s restaurant in Murrumbeena where perceived performance of employees seems average and the expectations low due to the site where restaurant was located. However, walking inside the restaurant, whole perception was changed owing to comparison based on cleanliness, quality food and kind of hospitality accorded. The experience proved to be a positive disconfirmation which led towards enhanced satisfaction (Lee and Lim, 2008).
Conclusion Market strategy analysis of Lavendary café based on five forces gives a clear picture on the points that requires much attention for success to be realized. It points out that unlike most other major food outlets, Lavendary has at one point resisted diversification and tried to focus on building its American image credentials and reputation for high quality products and services amongst high-end consumers.
At the same time Lavendary café should adopt certain elements of segmentation into their business model such as diversification based on their knowledge of the market in which they operate. However, some existing gaps within food industry primary among them being the use of public perception to their advantage.
References Datamonitor, (2011) Tesco plc: Company Profile. London: Datamonitor.
The Role of Language in Cognitive Psychology Essay college application essay help
Communication is the specific ability of humans to exchange their thoughts and ideas with the help of certain spoken signals and written signs which contain the definite meaning and can be successfully recognized by the participants of the communication process. Meaningful signals, signs, and symbols are combined in a complex known as language. Thus, language can be defined as the complex method which is used by humans in order to communicate with each other.
It is important to note that language should be structured and based on the words which are stored in the people’s minds as lexicon. From this point, if language is a system and structure to use words while speaking and writing appropriately, lexicon is the complex of those words preserving in the human mind. Adult people can preserve 50,000 words of their first language and thousands of words of the second language in the form of lexicons (Willingham, 2007).
Being preserved in the people’s memory, words from the lexicon are also classified into categories in order to help people choose the most adequate variant while speaking or writing. Thus, language processes are closely connected with the people’s cognition and memory that is why language plays an important role in cognitive psychology providing a man with the knowledge of the world and fixing this knowledge in words.
Language can be discussed as associated with the mental abilities of a man, and it is characterized by the certain features which are closely connected with the language functions and qualities. The key features of language are structure, regularity, flexibility, dynamism, arbitrariness, and productivity.
Language is a system which is highly structured. All the words which form the certain language should be organized in an effective structure to guarantee the successful functioning of language. Furthermore, this structure should function according to the regular patterns. The principle of regularity is important to explain the specifics of syntax and semantics because words are recognized according to the set meanings, and they are combined into phrases and sentences according to the regular syntax rules.
Nevertheless, language is flexible because there is the variety of patterns and structures according to which words can be used while speaking or writing. In spite of the fact language can be discussed as stable in a way, it is flexible and dynamic. Languages are dynamic because they are constantly developing.
Moreover, arbitrariness is the next important feature of language. To function effectively, flexibility and dynamism of language should be supported with its arbitrariness. Thus, arbitrariness is also associated with the people’s abilities to choose words immediately while speaking or writing to reflect their thoughts and ideas appropriately. Furthermore, arbitrariness guarantees the development of language in a variety of variants.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From this perspective, arbitrariness is necessary to promote productivity of language (Willingham, 2007). In spite of the fact the human cognition operates the set number of known words, the progress of language does not prevent its productivity when new words, structures, and meanings appear with references to the other words.
Having focused on language features, it is also necessary to determine four levels of language structure as the main feature and on the aspects of the language processing according to these levels. The process of perceiving the spoken language usually starts with recognizing different sounds. These sounds are represented in the specific form of phonemes (Willingham, 2007). Thus, phonemes are distinguished according to the qualities of different sounds.
People are able to recognize more than 40 phonemes of the English language and distinguish the phonemes of the foreign languages according to their specific qualities. Concentrating on the cognition processes, it is necessary to note that the language processing is realized at several levels in relation to this stage (Parkin, 2000). Thus, a person receives some auditory signals which are different in their frequency and intensity, begins to identify phones, and then the language processing achieves the level of phonemes.
The next level is the level of words when a person can understand the meaning of a certain word. Words form the basic structure of language because it is preserved in human minds in the form of separate words consisting definite phonemes. To represent a thought, a feeling or an idea, a person should combine words into logical chains which are known as sentences, and it is the next level of language.
At this level, language needs specific regulation with the help of syntax which preserves the basic structures to organize thoughts and ideas in complete and logical sentences to exchange them successfully. Several sentences are combined into texts (Willingham, 2007). Texts are perceived by people as complete stories telling or writing on a concrete theme and containing the definite idea.
Words, sentences, and texts can be used effectively when the person who listens to or reads them can comprehend the meaning effectively. Cognitive psychology discusses the ways according to which people can identify, interpret, and comprehend the elements of language. From this point, the language processing is complex, and it is closely connected with the man’s cognition.
Cognitive psychology studies the aspects of human cognition. Many processes of human cognition depend on language and its qualities. Thus, to realize the cognitive processes, people perceive, understand, learn, and remember a lot of information presented in the form of language. From this perspective, language is the stable structure which develops within the society, but it is perceived by persons individually.
We will write a custom Essay on The Role of Language in Cognitive Psychology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The individual perception and understanding of language as well as abilities to formulate thoughts in the form of sentences to reflect the certain meaning should be discussed in the field of cognitive psychology (Parkin, 2000). However, in this case, the aspects of language cognition should be also examined with references to behavioral patterns used by individuals to represent their ideas and thoughts.
Thus, language is the complex phenomenon which is closely associated with the human cognition because a lot of cognitive processes are realized with the help of language. To communicate, people exchange information in the form of words which have the certain sound pattern and which are combined in sentences.
However, people understand the idea of the message only when they perceive and interpret the words and sentences appropriately. These processes are cognitive. Moreover, to perceive and recognize words, people should also have the definite knowledge of language and its words and structure. Thus, people should also remember words in the form of lexicon and know how to combine them in order to state the certain idea. As a result, language processing and human cognition with all its features and elements are closely connected.
References Parkin, A. (2000). Essentials of cognitive psychology. USA: Psychology Press.
Willingham, D. (2007). Cognition: The thinking animal. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.
Business websites analysis Essay (Critical Writing) essay help online free: essay help online free
“Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency” website has loaded rather quickly. It asked for permission to load additions and this might be a problem if a strong anti-virus is installed on the user’s computer. As it is a government website, it is organized and structured in a clear and easy to use way.
The front page is very appealing to the viewer and the graphics are of high quality. The selections on the left side make the content of the website accessible in an efficient way. The search bar is a useful tool that is also available. A minor shortback is that there is no advanced search and so, a person who has entered the website cannot specify what details they prefer to find. The website seems useful for those who want to start their business.
The page that describes the process has several links to better explain the starting points and all the needed information. The interconnection between business and the fact that this is a government site creates a reliable link between the private business owner and the government officials and administration (Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, 2012).
“Canadian Youth Business Foundation” website contains many more graphics that could possibly lower the loading speed but that is not the case. Everything works perfectly and the design is very engaging. The several topics presented are accompanied by graphics and this is a positive side because a person knows what to expect from the different links.
There are no breaks within the page and thus, it is easy to navigate and use. On the right hand side there is a count of people that were supported and a number of jobs that “were created”. This feature is a very good idea because it gives the website visitor a conceptual representation of the strengths that the service offers. A page titled “Mentoring” provides an opportunity to receive help in almost any aspect.
his is a very beneficial tool because often, young entrepreneurs are not sure where to begin and how to conduct themselves in a business world. As there is much competition, the website could be instrumental in pointing to the right direction and explaining most preferred route (Canadian Youth Business Foundation, 2013).
How Did War Change People Essay cheap essay help
Tim O’Brien’s book The Things They Carried illustrates the impact of war experiences on the values and attitudes of soldiers. It is possible to identify several ways in which these people change. In particular, these characters reject their some of their ideals and stereotypes such as the fear of showing weakness or willingness to become leaders.
More importantly, many of these people are affected by the sense of guilt and horrors of war. They want to find ways of living through these painful events. These are the main issues that should be discussed in this paper. Furthermore, the characters described by Tim O’Brien become disillusioned with themselves as well as other people. This is the main argument that can be made.
At first, it is important to look at the experience of the first-person narrator, Tim O’Brien. It should be noted that this person decided to join the army because he did not want to be viewed as a coward (O’Brien 20). He is ashamed of evading the conscription since in his opinion, this behavior is completely unacceptable for a young man. The following quote illustrate his perception of war, “They carried the soldier’s greatest fear, which was the fear of blushing”( O’Brien 20).
This is one of the main issues that should be considered because it throws light on the motives that drive the actions of the narrator. However, the war in Vietnam changes this person. He is strongly affected by the sense of guilt, especially after killing a man with a grenade. He tries to imagine what kind of life his victim had. He cannot distance himself from the tragedy and this experience is very traumatic. This event prompted him to re-evaluate many of his ideals and attitudes, especially the belief in the nobility of war.
To a great extent, writing helps to reconcile himself with the memories of violence. This example is important because it shows that war is inevitable associated with guilt. The narrator of these short stories is no longer an ambitious young man who does not want to display any sign of weakness. More likely, he is an emotionally-crippled person who attempts to restore his identity. This is one of the aspects that can be identified.
Additionally, one should look at such a character Jimmy Cross whose worldview is profoundly affected by this war. One can say that he takes responsibility that he cannot handle.
In particular, he becomes the leader of the platoon, and in this way he tries to demonstrate his best qualities. It should be taken into account that he joins the army only because many of his friends do so. So, his behavior can be partly attributed to peer pressure, but he does not see the irrationality of this decision. Furthermore, he is afraid of showing the signs of weakness or cowardice.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the war shatters many of his illusions. In particular, he learns that he is completely unaccustomed to the situations when a person has to accept the death of other people. This experience produces a destructive impact on Jimmy. Like Tim O’Brien, Jimmy is also overwhelmed by guilt which virtually haunts him. In particular, he accuses himself of Ted Lavender’s death. He believes that Ted’s death was caused by his negligence and lack of competence.
Each death of a soldier on his platoon convinces him that leadership and courage are hardly possible without accepting responsibility for one’s decisions. This character tries to “ burn the blame” but he fails to do it (O’Brien 22). Overall, this character is important because he turns into a disillusioned adult who no longer wants to be a leader. One should bear in mind that these experience are familiar to many soldiers lived through the war in Vietnam.
Certainly, there are some exceptions that should not be overlooked. For example, such a character as Mitchell Sanders is also affected by war, but his worldview is not transformed dramatically. It should be noted that he does not have any illusions about war, and he is completely aware of its atrocity and senselessness.
This is one of the traits that differs him from other characters described by the author. Apart from that, he has the sense of humor which enables him to live through the experiences of war. For example, he is able to mock those people who attempted to justify the war in Vietnam. Certainly, this person does not want to prove that he is a better soldier than others. Additionally, this war intensifies his sense of justice because he sees the deaths of many soldiers. This is why he is able to cope with the painful experiences of war.
On the whole, these examples are important because they show that war cannot leave people unchanged. One of its main impacts is the disillusionment of people who are forced to see the cruelty of war. As it has been said before, many of these characters want to be perceived as courageous people, but they eventually become disappointed because they are overwhelmed by the feeling of guilt and horror of witnessing death. Thus, it is possible to argue that war prompts people to reassess many of their ideals.
Works Cited O’Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried, Boston: Mariner Books, 2009. Print.
The theme of love in “The Lady with the pet Dog” by Anton Chekhov Essay essay help online: essay help online
After reading a short story “The Lady with the pet Dog” by Anton Chekhov it may seem to a reader, from the first sight, that Chekhov wrote a story about simple holiday affair. However, if to analyze the story more deeply, the reader will discover author’s intention in the story. Chekhov wanted to show the apparent hopelessness of the situation; the situation when it is better for lovers to give up their love because of their fear to overcome the power of public views, the fear to make steps towards their happiness.
Anton Chekhov in his works paid great attention to the state and motion of human soul, which are very complex and often unpredictable. Without a doubt, love is the greatest and the brightest feeling that a person can experience in life. However, there are many hidden rocks which lie on the way of love.
Often society can put a “veto” upon someone’s feeling and turn them to family course, where passion is legalized and becomes one of the elements of everyday life. Society of the times of Chekhov was full of very strict and strong patriarchal notions of love and marriage in Russia.
It was normally accepted by society to marry not for love, but for interest. This interest, in most cases, was financial and was made up by agreement between the parents. However, to spend life without feeling of love to a partner or, what is even worse, to live with hiding your feelings and emotions is very difficult. If a person in marriage is not captivated by the interests of the practical or spiritual nature, he or she soon realizes the foolishness and absurdity of life.
Dmitri Gurov, a Moskow banker, and Anna Sergeyevna, a lady who came for holiday to the Yalta seaside, fall in love. Both of them are married and for them this affair seems as random and transient enjoyment. This is the first time Anna plays her husband false and she goes through it with sincere feelings. Anna and Dmitri are like children, attracted by the fact that their relationships are a matter of prohibition, and they do not think about the consequences.
But this “game”, which seemed to be naïve and without any obligations, gradually develops into serious feelings and the summer holidays, are coming to the end. Even though they do not want to part with each other, they are sure that they will cope with these feelings and soon forget a nice holiday affair; but love, which roused in their hearts, is stronger than they – the weak and the spineless people.
Gurov cannot cope with his feelings; he feels that he falls in love with Anna and misses her every day, every minute, every second. Love itself has changed Gurov. Chekhov wanted to say that love can do everything. Now Dmitri is not a bon vivánt, but a man who knows how to sympathize, to be sincere and to be gentle.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Chekhov concentrates reader’s attention only on two main heroes – Anna Sergeyevna and Dmitri Gurov, as if other characters do not exist. If to be sincere, Chekhov accentuates only two heroes – those who are able to develop; he emphasizes the disunity of people as if they speak different languages.
Other characters are depersonalized, nevertheless there are a lot of them you will not see their presence. We have only two portraits of minor characters: Gurov’s wife and Anna’s husband. Their appearance is not appealing and attractive, not even to mention their character features. What is more, the role that these characters play is negative; they are reason to lovers’ separation.
Chekhov shows us a love story of “small” and ordinary people. They are unable to cope with either love or with life and their relationships still remain regular relationships, as they are not able to either break their relationships, or to show their feelings to public and marry. Chekhov leaves the end of the story opened; he does not show how the love of heroes immerses them into boring routine.
For reader it is not difficult to guess this fact as there cannot be another end of the story. This is a kind of “bad infinity”. Both of them aspire anything in live; their life could have reason and meaning, which love gave them, only if they were not so weak….
Economic Analysis of Shale Gas Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Shale Gas Employment Contribution in Estimate
Firm under Monopolistic Competition in the Short Run
Firm under Monopolistic Competition in The Long Run
Introduction Shale gas is natural gas that is fascinated in shale configurations. Shale elements are small granule sedimentary rocks that are loaded foundation of petroleum and natural gas. In the ancient times, it was not cost-effectively as possible to generate shale gas.
Nevertheless, with advancement in technology and the critical thinking perceptions, the progression has become more cost-effective due to flat drilling and rupturing. The overall production of natural gas in 2009 had 87% of other gases with the shale gas taking the remaining percentage. The supply of the shale gas is anticipated to increase to roughly 62% of the United States total natural gas supply by 2030.
In addition, natural gas production is enhanced energy security in United States as she does not need large exports to meet her domestic expectations. Environmental goals are also met in the United States as natural gas which is more environmental friendly have replaced coal and increased use of renewable energy in electric generation (Schwede 6). The present and future state of energy in the United States therefore relies on the production of shale gas.
The big question to consider is whether shale gas is a feasible energy option for the United States to reduce her dependency on the Petroleum Exporting Countries while increasing financial accountability and fiscal viability in the short and long run scrutiny?
The input of shale gas has been apprehended into three phases, the stimulated financial input, tortuous, and the express inputs. First, the direct input involves the industrial output and the income. For instance, the direct contribution of the shale gas industry comprises of transportation and delivery services which has direct influence on the industrial output.
Second, the indirect contributions are initiated alteration in the direct purchase of shale gas. For instance, change in demand results into direct change in industrial output. Last, the induced economic contribution comes about when the industrial employees spend their income on different expenditures. In each stage, the economic contribution is determined in terms of the Gross Domestic Product and the labor income.
Economic Analysis The trade in shale gas has contributed to economic development in terms of employment, addition of economic value and income for the government (Ashford 1). The extraction of the shale gas has transformed the United States energy position and the economy at large. In 2010, the total production of natural gas in the United States was composed of 27% of shale gas.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is a great expectation in the growth of total shale gas extraction in the coming five years and immense increase in 2030. The research shows that shale gas is capable of sustaining millions of employment opportunities. It can add billions to the Gross Domestic Product by 2035. Shale gas is estimated to provide more revenue to the government, tariff income as well as national sovereign payments in the next 26 years (Kaiser 75).
The extraction of shale gas also has a wider effect on both the households and businesses. The research shows that inadequate production of shale leads to tripling of the current cost of natural gas. The economic output and the employment are steadily boosted by the low price of natural gas which at long run enhances domestic manufacturing. This is experienced in firms and industries that enjoy the low cost of electricity such as the chemical industry.
Economic input of shale gas can be calculated through the addition of the express input and the circuitous input of the provider industries of shale gas and encouraged economic contribution which result from extra spending in the United States.
The shale gas industry sustained over 600,000 employment opportunities. This represented 148,000 direct employments in the United States and roughly one hundred and ninety-four thousand circuitous employments within the distributing diligences and nearly two hundred and fifty thousand stimulated employments.
The future expectation of the shale gas industry is to sustain more than 1.6 million jobs athwart the United States. The approximated figure is inclusive of approximately three hundred and sixty express employments, roughly 545,000 tortuous employments and nearly seven hundred and fifty thousand stimulated employments.
Shale Gas Employment Contribution in Estimate 2010 2015 2035 direct 148,000 197,999 360,000 indirect 193,000 283,000 547,000 induced 259,000 388,000 752,000 total 601,000 869,000 1,660,000 F workers The shale gas industry is anticipated to give over $76 billion in 2010. In 2015 the anticipation is $118 billion and about three times by 2030s.
Table Showing Approximate Contribution of Shale Gas
We will write a custom Essay on Economic Analysis of Shale Gas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More 2010 2015 2035 direct $29,000 $47,000 $93,000 indirect $22,000 $33,000 $65,000 induced $25,000 $37,000 $72,000 total $76,000 $118,000 $231,000 Source: (Ashford 4)
The elasticity of the supply curve for the natural gas is as a result of the large quantity of shale gas and its low extraction cost. The base for natural gas in the United States can contain major increases in demand without increasing costs. Shale gas has been anticipated to have more economic significance than the gas extracted from the conventional wells.
As a result, the large quantity of shale gas elevates the likelihood that domestic supply can meet significant growth in the United States natural gas usage over the next few years without significant gains in natural gas costs and with less dependence on importation of liquefied natural gas (Bros 97).
Conclusion The United States order for ordinary gas has developed in current days; the extensive viewpoint of demand for ordinary gas demonstrates extensive rise through 2035; technological advancement have added to recent development in the extraction of shale gas and the increased extraction will lead into the development in capital investment, productivity and job opportunities.
The shale gas industry enhances valuable contribution in the United States economy through the direct employment. With the expansion of the shale gas extraction over the years, a significant expansion of the economy will be realized. By the year 2030 more jobs will be granted by the gas firm and a substantial increase in the government revenue.
The subsidized natural gas costs as a result of shale gas production will lead to an average decrease in electricity costs. Shale gas therefore provides the United States with a solution to the energy problem and to become independent in the energy sector.
According to the researchers, shale gas will significantly enlarge worldwide energy supply. The improved shale gas extraction in the United States and Canada could assist prevent Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries from ordering higher costs for exported gas.
Firm under Monopolistic Competition in the Short Run The firm gets more profit when its marginal revenue is equivalent to its marginal cost and generates magnitude. Firm is capable of collecting a cost based on the AR’s curve. Total profit is given by the quantity sold (Qs) multiplied by the distinction amid the firms’ AR and AC.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Economic Analysis of Shale Gas by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Firm under Monopolistic Competition in The Long Run When MC and MR are equal, firm still produces nevertheless; the curve for demand shifts as other firms penetrates sales ground and increase contest. The industry at this point does not claim economic profit as it sells its goods above average cost.
Works Cited Ashford, Lillian. “The Economic and Employment Contributions of Share Gas in the United States.” Global Insight 2011:2-81. Web.
Bros, Thierry. After the US Shale Gas Revolution. Paris: Editions Technip, 2012. Print.
Kaiser, Mark. “Haynesville shale play economic analysis.” Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 82.1 (2012): 75 – 89. Print.
Schwede, Katrin. Shale Gas Interest Representation in the EU: Public Affairs / Lobbying in the European Union. Munich: Grin Verlag, 2012. Print.
Evaluate government policies to reduce the rate of inflation Essay essay help free
Inflation Inflation refers to the progressive rise in the prices of goods and services. This makes living costly and results in a reduction in money’s power to purchase14. The rate of inflation is the adjustment in the index of price in a single year to a new one expressed in percentages. A reduction in the rate of inflation is not directly proportional to the items’ prices1.
Consequently, it leads to high unemployment rates, lowered standards of living, reduced balance of payment, and obstructed economic growth8. It is currently set at 2% in Britain2. To control the inflation, the causes must be known and dealt with. This paper argues that policies adopted by a government may be more detrimental than helpful to its economy.
The major factors that can trigger inflation include the availability of items for purchase against the command of the same, and vice versa. This is in addition to domestic and peripheral occurrences. Moreover, continuous variation in the rate of replacement of different currencies during trade can also influence inflation12. These also make yearly prediction of the rate of inflation intricate.
The policies adopted by a government should help it realise high rates of employment, improved standards of living, reduced inflation, and continuous economic expansion9. This essay argues the need of the government to minimise cumulative demand and increase collective supply to facilitate this10.
Economic/monetary policy requires the government to initiate moments where the rates of interest shoot, thus, minimising prospective expenditures15. This is purposed at obtaining minimum prices of imports and attractive exports. The results would be positive because the fixed high interest rates may in turn lead to increase in the value of the rate of exchange6. It also involves instances where money circulation is minimised. It results in money scarcity and, thus, a decrease in aggregate demand. High rates of interest stimulate inflation7.
A policy that is concerned with making items available as the objective of this policy is to sustain reduced costs1. It is ensured by a boost in production through diminution in levies, creating opportunities for more rival firms that would increase supply and cause a fall in prices. Furthermore, there is a decrease in company duties that in turn would encourage novelty2. This causes demand for increase in remuneration. In order for employers to keep up with this, they require to reduce their workforce that leads to unemployment.
Financial/fiscal policy concentrates on a demand as a way to control inflation. It is done by minimising the rate of expenses on communal and value goodsand raising interests3. It is also achieved through increasing express taxes, thereby, resulting in a decline in actual disposal earnings. This would in the short term reduce demand and, thus, price cuts. However, the effects of government’s withdrawal or reduction in public expenditure would affect the market and hamper development4. In addition, high taxation would leave consumers with less money to spend, thereby, influencing their living standards negatively. There would be an increase in unemployment since most firms would lay down workers to keep up with the tough economic trends. This policy affects investments and expansion of industries, which in turn reflects negatively on the economy. Contrary to the expectation, instead of controlling inflation, unemployment would increase. This has similar or even worse economic impacts than inflation5.
A policy concerned with the rate of exchange: improved exchange rates cause reduction in the price of imports13. It hinges on the aggression of the government. This in turn reduces production cost, which calls for a fall in prices and, thus, minimised profit margins. The result is improved economy since there are lower import costs and higher export charges. However, this largely depends on the countries sustained balance of payments.
It is essential to note that inflation has a way of negatively affecting other macroeconomic components such as employment and balance of payment3.
A government needs to know how to juggle the above policies in order to keep its economy healthy. This is because the first and third policies, in a bid to control inflation, would lead to other macroeconomic predicaments such as a lack of employment. It can be concluded that the weight of inflation would then greatly press on this group of people. It, therefore, calls for adoption of the right policy instruments.
Short-Run Phillips Curve before and after Expansionary Policy, with Long-Run Phillips Curve (NAIRU)7 List of References Adam Smith Economics Tuition Agency, Inflation, 2009. Web.
Amos WEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, Inflation. Amos WEB LLC, 2000-2013. Web.
Baxter, M., ‘the role of expectations in stabilizing policy’, journal of monetary economics,Vol. 15, University of California, North Holland. 1985, pp 343-362
Broadly, D., A low and stable rate of inflation, 2013. Web.
Corbo, V., ‘Reaching One digit inflation: the Chilean experience’, Journal of applied economics, Vol 1, No. 1, 1998.pp 123- 163.
Feldstein, M. S., ‘The welfare cost of permanent inflation and optimal short run economic policy’, Journal of political economy, vol 87, no.4, University of Chicago press, 1979. Pp 749.
How the Phillips curve relates to aggregate supply and demand. Web.
Lawrence, J., ACopp
Designing A Conflict Management System Problem Solution Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Kentucky Harvest needs to improve its internal processes to ensure senior managers do not misuse their authority. The firm needs strong human resource policies that prevent ethical malpractices done by senior managers. All workers need to be encouraged to report incompetent senior employees to the board to ensure speedy action is taken against employees who abuse their authority.
The firm needs to establish proper work procedures that outline steps all employees are supposed to follow whenever they perform their duties. Stan Curtis did not observe high standards of integrity during his time in the organization. He easily took advantage of weak human resource policies to engage in actions that were not beneficial to the firm’s interests (Aula
Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson Comparison [Compare and Contrast Essay] best essay help
The 17th century was the period when many aspects of the people’s lives were based on religious principles. That is why the Puritan writing also reflected the religious themes or presented the discussion of certain elements and events from the spiritual perspective.
The works by two famous American Puritan writers of the 17th century Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson reflect the main features of the Puritan writing because the authors discuss their personal experience concentrating on their spiritual growth and the role of God in their life. Thus, Bradstreet emphasizes her experience as a writer in the poem “The Author to Her Book” and reflects on the life-long knowledge along with the role of religion in such works as “Upon the Burning of Our House” and “To My Dear Children.”
In “A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson,” Rowlandson provides the discussion of her own life and religious experience. Although Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s Puritan writings differ in style and approach, both the authors present their views and ideas through the lens of religion and focus on relief, assistance, and hope provided by God to overcome life challenges. What do the poems of Anne Bradstreet and the narrative of Rowlandson, when looked at together, suggest about the fears and anxieties of women in puritan society? The tendency to connect the aspects of the secular and spiritual world can be observed concerning the Puritans who succeeded in regulating their lifestyle according to the Biblical norms and ideals. The Puritans were characterized by the ability to discuss all the events and phenomena in life from the perspective of their religious education. From this point, religion was the fundament of the Puritan society.
The sinful nature of humans can be overcome with the help of faithful living and devotion to God. As a result, the Puritans should focus on their thoughts and actions and control them with religious principles. To be sure that an individual follows the right path, the Puritans should focus not only on the spiritual improvement but also on self-discipline and reflection.
In spite of the necessity to regulate their life according to strict norms of the Puritan doctrine, the Puritans are happy to receive God’s assistance and feel God’s blessing. That is why the Puritans perceive any life challenges through the prism of their reliance on God. If to compare and contrast the lives and writing of Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson, it becomes clear that they also followed these ideals as the Puritans, and these principles were reflected in their works.
Although the life experience and knowledge of Bradstreet and Rowlandson are different, these two authors are very similar in their views and discussions of all the personal sufferings and survival experiences with references to their beliefs. Thus, the details of the writers’ lives are different, but many similarities can be found while examining Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s attitudes to those challenges which they experienced. The life of each woman is closely associated with struggle and necessity to survive under dangerous conditions.
The life experience of the two writers should be discussed from many perspectives. Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s knowledge can be considered as similar because both the women found the relief and hope in their faith while coping with the sufferings and struggling with the circumstances.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s writings are different in style and mood because Bradstreet is inclined to focus on blessings and hope when Rowlandson is more radical in her discussion of personal experience and providing conclusions. However, the authors’ works are similar in the main characteristic of the Puritan literature, which is the proclamation of God’s will, love, and mercy.
In her letter “To My Dear Children,” Anne Bradstreet presents the details of her personal life in the form of enlightening stories in order to explain children the role of God’s grace in life.
According to Bradstreet, all the problematic moments in her life, which were associated with immigration, illnesses, and deaths of relatives, were overcome because of relying on God’s assistance. The writer draws the children’s attention to the fact that all her pleas were heard, “I have had great experience of God’s hearing my Prayers, and returning comfortable Answers to me” (Bradstreet “To My Dear Children” 105).
Bradstreet also speaks to her children, “If at any time you are chastened of God, take it as thankfully and Joyfully as in greatest mercyes, for if yee bee his yee shall reap the greatest benefit by it” (Bradstreet “To My Dear Children” 104). The author focuses on her religion as the way to live happily and always have hope for the better life presented by God.
In her writings, Bradstreet states that she is thankful for God’s presence, and her ability to write is one of God’s presence and blessings. Being rather demanding to her activities as the Puritan and being focused on self-discipline and self-evaluation, Bradstreet is also demanding to her activity as a writer. “The Author to Her Book” is the poem in which Bradstreet evaluates her first literary works as ‘offsprings’ (Bradstreet “The Author to Her Book” 98).
It seems that Bradstreet rejects her ability to write as her specific personal quality because her skills are also God’s gifts. The more close connection of the writer’s personal life and feelings with the role of God in the person’s development can be observed with references to the poem “Upon the Burning of Our House.”
Bradstreet depicts the tragic event in her life, responding to the role of God in her coping with one more life challenge. Even though the described activity is a negative experience, Bradstreet’s poem is full of hope and faith. Thus, the author refers to God’s assistance several times in her poetry, stating that God made her stronger, “And to my God, my heart did cry / To straighten me in my Distress / And not to leave me succourless” (Bradstreet “Upon the Burning of Our House” 101).
We will write a custom Essay on Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson Comparison [Compare and Contrast Essay] specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, Bradstreet states that all the material is God’s gift, and she can rely more on God’s mercy than on the material, “A price so vast as is unknown, / Yet by His gift is made thine own; / There‘s wealth enough, I need no more, / Farewell, my pelf, farewell, my store” (Bradstreet “Upon the Burning of Our House” 101). The strong connection of the author with God is observed with references to many works because Bradstreet aims not only to present her experience but also reflect on her spiritual knowledge.
Rowlandson also faced a lot of challenges and injustice in her life, and she documented her tragic experience in such works as “A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson.” The similar major point in the works by Bradstreet and Rowlandson is that both the authors present their feelings and experiences referring to God’s will and grace.
Thus, focusing at each stage of her experience of being imprisoned by the Indians, Rowlandson states that only faith in God and His mercy helped her overcome all the challenges and even accept the death of her child. Rowlandson says, “God was with me in a wonderful manner, carrying me along, and bearing up my spirit, that it did not quite fall” (Rowlandson 123).
That is why any dangerous events associated with captivity could not make Rowlandson hesitate or lose her faith. Furthermore, Rowlandson’s faith was her guarantee that she could overcome all the challenges and barriers. Thus, “the Lord upheld me with His gracious and merciful spirit, and we were both alive to see the light of the next morning” (Rowlandson 130).
From this point, Rowlandson, as well as Bradstreet, relies on God’s will and assistance significantly, and this reliance helps the writers be alive and struggle with the circumstances. To support her discussion of captivity experience as God’s will and blessing, the summary shows that Rowlandson refers to many verses from the Bible as the primary source of knowledge (Rowlandson 130). Any difficulties and issues should be met by the Puritans as God’s lessons, which can educate believers.
Bradstreet and Rowlandson believe in God’s justice with all their hearts, that is why they accept such tragic events as the fire and loss of the house, illness, and the death of a child as God’s trials. These trials can be overcome only by believers, and the Puritan tradition focused on self-examination, and spiritual growth supports this idea.
Which of Bradstreet’s common themes reflects her puritan beliefs? Writers often represent their personal experiences in the form of literary works, that is why Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s approach is not unique. As such, Bradstreet’s common theme of practicality reflects her puritan views. Moreover, following the tradition of the Puritan writing, the authors make God one of the main characters in their writings because of His role in their lives. As a result, the works written by Bradstreet and Rowlandson are so similar in their central theme and idea.
Struggle, life challenges, and sufferings made these women stronger. Moreover, their faith provided Bradstreet and Rowlandson with hope. As a result, the writers share their experiences with the readers while focusing on the aspect of religion. Presenting the story of her captivity, Rowlandson is concentrated on God’s will.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson Comparison [Compare and Contrast Essay] by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Thus, the discussion of challenges as God’s blessings is typical for Puritan writing, and this tendency is observed while discussing the works by Bradstreet and Rowlandson. The Puritan beliefs are reflected in all the words of the writings to state the idea that the women’s experiences and knowledge are similar if not the same regarding their faith and spiritual growth.
Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson’s writings differ in the stylistic peculiarities and mood, but they are similar in the central theme and idea. Both writers analyze their challenging personal experiences through the lens of their religious development.
Discussing personal struggle and sufferings, the authors reveal the idea of God’s grace and assistance as the main factors which can help people overcome life difficulties. Thus, Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s knowledge of the principles of the Puritan tradition is similar, and they are directly reflected in the writings. According to the authors, all the events should be discussed as God’s lessons and used for spiritual growth and improvement.
Works Cited Bradstreet, Anne. “The Author to Her Book”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 98. Print.
—. “To My Dear Children”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 103-107. Print.
—. “Upon the Burning of Our House”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 101-102. Print.
Rowlandson, Mary. “A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 122-152. Print.
Law in United Arab Emirates Report custom essay help
Soft Drinks Sector Sector Analysis
The firm to be established falls under the soft drinks sector, which is within the food industry. The industry has gone through a number of challenges in the recent years owing to the economic downturn experienced in the country, which is a result of the global financial crisis.
A critical review of the industry suggests that companies in the sector were not affected since they registered good returns. This implies that many individuals, both the middle and high class, consumed soft drinks. This could be due to environmental demands since temperatures are always very high, forcing people to take cold drinks, irrespective of whether they are rich or poor.
Industry review reveals that the sector could not have witnessed economic downturn that hit the nation because of the health concerns and the desire to be well among consumers. An individual would prefer using bottled water and fruit juices instead of consuming untreated water because of health issues. The report of the review conducted recently proved that people preferred using fruit juice, which is claimed to reduce the cases of obesity and overweight.
The report underscored the fact that the desire to prevent obesity and overweight boosted the soft drinks sector. Drinks containing high rates of chemicals witnessed a fall in their sales while natural soft drinks and bottled water witnessed an increase in the volume of sales. Recently, the government of the United Arab Emirates banned the sale of sugary drinks in schools, which boosted the sale of natural fruit juices.
From the above analysis, it is projected that the new company would perform well in the market. However, it must observe labor laws and other laws touching on copyright. As the company enters the market, it must be aware of the soft drink giant companies, such as Coca Cola and Pepsi Co, which have adequate technologies and capital.
These firms have the ability of crushing the new firm in the market through heavy advertisement and offering low competitive prices. In 2011, the two soft drinks multinational companies accounted for a third off-trade value in the entire sector. In the subsequent years, these companies failed to replicate the previous figures in terms of sales because of the shift from carbonated drinks to natural drinks.
Therefore, the new company has the ability of penetrating the market because it does not produce chemical related drinks. The firm intends to produce natural fruit juices that would meet the health issues of many people in the country. To be successful in the market, the company will have to be careful when handling labor laws and issues related to copyright. Non-observance of the law might bring down the firm, given the fact that competitors have adequate capital.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Legal Requirements Labor Laws: General Provisions
As the new company aspires to introduce the new product in the market, it has to comply with the labor and intellectual property laws. Compliance to the law is extremely important because it gives the company an advantage over others in the market.
The company that respects labor laws is always perceived positively while the one that neglects the plight of employees is always viewed negatively. Public image has a direct impact on the sales of any product. A company with a good public image regarding the treatment of employees will always perform well in the market.
The organization must observe the laws of the land regarding employment (Burk and Mark 89). The constitution instructs that all firms operating in the country must observe the labor laws in case they want to operate without legal tussles. The labor laws demands that all workers in the agricultural sector should be covered amicably in terms of wages, working hours, leave, safety, social and medical care, penalties, and termination of contracts.
The firm will have to employ the services of the consultant to establish whether all laws are being adhered to in order to prevent legal suits. The first provision of the law suggests that the organization will have to apply for the permit for each person working in the organization in case he or she is not the United Arab Emirates national. In other words, the ministry in charge of labor must approve the appointment of any foreigner into any position in the organization.
Without a permit, the employee cannot access a residence visa, which is an important document regarding in the United Arab Emirates. Apart from seeking verification from the ministry, the organization will have to enter into contractual terms with individual employee. The two parties will have to sign the employment contract referred to as the labor contract.
The contract is always critical as far as the relationship between the employee and the employer is concerned. It specifies the terms of the contract, such as the rights and the duties of each party. The document will describe the wages that the employee will be receiving each month, as well as any other benefit.
Moreover, it also specifies the period in which the employee will be a member of the organization and the description of the job. The law provides that United Arab Emirates nationals can be involved in any contract at any time without necessarily putting it in writing. However, the case is different for foreigners who are expected to fill the form from the ministry. The organization will have to observe all these regulations when hiring its staff.
We will write a custom Report on Law in United Arab Emirates specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Contract Tenure
When hiring employees, the organization will observe the regulations guiding the tenure of the contract. In legal terms, tenure refers to the period for which the contract is considered valid. Since there are two types of labor contracts, the organization will ensure that all employees are given relevant contracts based on their skills and expertise.
Limited employment contract is used to refer to a contract with a specified term, with specific date of starting the job and the exact date of ending it. The term of the employee expires naturally at the end of the agreed period. Unlimited contract does not specify the termination date since either the party has the power to terminate the contract when deemed necessary.
Intellectual Property Laws
The new company to be established faces several challenges regarding intellectual property and patent because the skills involved in making soft drinks are highly guarded. For instance, Coca Cola Company has always engaged in legal suits with a number of companies over its technology. In fact, the formula used in the making of its soft drinks is unknown to many. It is claimed that only two owners of the company know the formula.
The owners acquired a patent for the technology to prevent its usage. Another firm can easily find itself in court in case it does not exercise restraint in the soft drinks sector because manufacturing technologies have slight differences. The new firm will ensure that every technology employed in the manufacturing of goods is original. In fact, it will seek patents over some of the technologies to avoid duplication and copying. Just like other forms of properties, technology is considered a valued property because it brings about wealth.
Unlike the works of scientists, which are always made public, technology is highly safeguarded because it is used in manufacturing wealth. The law in the United Arab Emirates defines intellectual property as a creative work that originates from the mind. Kinsella defines it as valuable imaginative and industrial information and knowledge (21). Laws touching on intellectual property aim at protecting and regulating the ownership and the utilization of creative works, which entails the use of trademarks, copyright, and patents.
Copyright is another legal requirement that the company will have to comply with before establishing the new company. Lai noted that it plays a critical role in commercial activities (22). Some of the materials that can be copyrighted include magazines, newspapers, books and paintings.
The company will ensure that its computer software is safe since competitors can easily use it to bring down the organization. The globally agreed symbol for copyright is ©. The ministry of information is charged with the task of ensuring that all works of authors are safe. It should be noted that the organization would not be concerned so much with copyright, as the products it handles are safe from copyright fraudsters (Beckman and Christa 217).
Since the country is the member of the World Trade Organization, it is a signatory to the Agreement on Trade –Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. The global agency in charge of regulating intellectual property law is in charge of setting the minimum standards that all member states should follow strictly.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Law in United Arab Emirates by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As already mentioned in the previous section, the ministry of economy and commerce manages trademark law. Trademark is defined as the idiosyncratic mark, catchphrase, emblem, product name, pictogram, design slogan, or any other word or phrase utilized by any firm to label its goods and distinguish its products from those of others in the market.
In the soft drinks sector, Pepsi and Coca Cola are some of the trademarks that represent the distinctive products of companies. Once an organization registers a trademark, it is illegal for any other person to utilize it in advertising goods and services. In the global market, it is agreed among various stakeholders that a symbol for trademark would always be ™.
Some countries, including the United Arab Emirates, encouraged the sale of fake or counterfeit products since it boosted economic development. Those companies with trademarks operated with difficulties since other small companies could easily use their symbols without restrictions. However, the state of affairs in the global society is different since each country is expected to protect company symbols and logos.
Recommendations In the UAE market, an individual found utilizing the symbol or the logo of a different firm without permission is always subjected to the full force of the law since this is considered infringement. This is often considered infringing mark meaning that the sign of the owner has been used without his or her authorization. Based on this, the new organization should respect the trademarks of other existing companies in order to prevent legal tussles, which might spoil the image of the organization.
The company should design a trademark and deposit it at the ministry of economy, as per the legal requirements (Mazzone 1033). Once the trademark is published in the national gazette, the company will now be free to use it without any restriction. However, any other person using the trademark without permission will be eligible for prosecution since he or she will be violating the law. Since the law is strict on the types of trademarks to be registered, the company will respect the culture of the nation in designing the trademark.
The organization should be concerned with issues to do with patents because it has brought down many organizations in the soft drinks industry. The mixing of contents and preservation techniques need some specialized skills meaning that an expert will have to be hired to be in charge of the process. If a patent is not obtained to protect the formula, competitors or even fraudsters can use the technology to spoil the image of the company.
Since patents touch on technology and innovation, the ministry of finance is directly involved in registering them. The new company will seek patent on the production of soft drinks for at least five years. During this time, no other firm or individual will be allowed to make the same products similar to those of the firm. In the United Arab Emirates, patents are granted to all innovations and invention processes meaning that only an original idea is registered as patent. With the help of a legal expert, it is reported that the company is prepared to establish the new business since all legal requirements will be observed.
Works Cited Beckman, Katherine, and Christa, Pletcher. “Expanding Global Trademark Regulation.” Wake Forest Intellectual Property Law Journal, 10.2 (2009): 215–239.Print.
Burk, Dan, and Mark, Lemley. The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Print.
Kinsella, Stephan. “Against Intellectual Property”. Journal of Libertarian Studies, 15.2 (2001): 1–53. Print.
Lai, Edwin. The Economics of Intellectual Property Protection in the Global Economy. Princeton: Princeton University, 2001. Print.
Mazzone, Jason. “Copy fraud: Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 40. New York University Law Review, 81.2, (2006): 1027-1054. Print.
Has the internet had an overall positive or negative effect on the society? Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Impact of Internet on Society
A case for the Internet
Introduction The internet is arguably the most influential invention made in the last half a century. This creation has had immense impact on the world with person’s personal and professional lives being influenced by this innovation. The internet has invaded most aspects of human life with its use spanning from industries as diverse as health care provision to mining and manufacturing.
This wide application of the internet has made it hard for people to envision a world without the internet. For most people, it would be impossible to operate efficiently if the internet was not there to provide quick and effective communication. However, the internet has contributed to some negative outcomes in society due to its attributes of efficiency and ease of information provision. This paper will argue that the world would be a better place if the internet had not been invented.
Impact of Internet on Society The information available on the internet has contributed to the rise in violence in our society. The internet contains a wide array of information on all topics. Some of the information contained pertains to violence and how a person can engage in acts of violence. There are websites that offer in-depth information on how to create a homemade bomb or even how to convert a handgun into a semi-automatic weapon.
This information has been used by various individuals to carry out acts of violence against members of the society (Schmitt 1). In the recent Boston bomb attack, the perpetrators used the internet to gain information on how to turn pressure cookers into deadly bombs that were used to carry out the terror attacks. The Norwegian terrorist, Anders Breivik who killed 77 people and injured at least 110 more is reported to have used the internet in his preparation for the brutal attacks.
Proponents of the internet argue that individuals with violent tendencies will find a way to carry out attacks even without the help of the internet. They argue that a person who wants to commit a crime can get the information they need from books or use traditional weapons such as guns and knives. While this is true, the internet has made it easier for the violent people to access dangerous information with little effort. This has increased the danger that such individuals pose to our society.
The internet has contributed to making the world an unsafe place by making it easy for international terrorists to operate. The prevalence of global acts of terror in the last decade has made international terrorism the greatest danger to world security.
Terror attacks in major cities such as New York, London, and Madrid have caused world leaders to recognize the devastating effect of international terrorism. The internet has assisted in the growth and development of international terrorist organizations. Schmitt reveals that the internet plays a role in the recruitment and radicalization of terrorists in countries all over the world (1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, radical clerics have been known to post radical sermons online and gain many followers all over the world. The radical messages have contributed to the prevalence of “home grown” terrorists who communicate hateful messages through the internet. In the Boston bombing incident, the two brothers are reported to have been influenced and radicalized by the Islamic Cleric, Anwar al-Awlaki whose sermons provided the motivation for their deadly attacks (Schmitt 1).
The al-Qaeda terror network is known to use the internet extensively to spread its hateful messages and inspire acts of terrorism against Western targets. Without the internet, terrorists would not have such an efficient medium through which to spread their messages. It is therefore conceivable that the world would be safer without the internet to facilitate the spread of international terrorism.
The internet has given governments the tools with which to engage in pervasive surveillance of their citizens. While we live in an open community where freedom is guaranteed, the government may want to keep track of its citizens. In the past, attempts by the governments to engage in surveillance have been met with resistance.
However, the internet has provided an efficient and cheap means for the governments to track people and keep records of their communication often without their consent. By gathering information from sources such as Internet Service Providers, search engines, and Social Networking Sites, the government can build profiles of individuals and invade privacy. A report by the CNN ominously warns that thanks to the internet, “our surveillance state is efficient beyond the wildest dreams of George Orwell” (Schneier 1).
The internet has made it possible for a person’s private information to be accessed and stored by third parties. The US government has engaged in spying activities on its own citizens without their consent or knowledge. The internet has therefore contributed to the dramatic infringement of personal privacy by the government and made our society less free.
The internet has played a part in the prevalence of moral decay by providing individuals with decadent material. The internet is the largest repository of information in the world. Among this information is material of a questionable moral caliber such as pornography. A report by the BBC states that four in every ten individuals who use the internet are subjected to pornographic material (1).
This report is corroborated by the fact that the pornography industry has grown into a multi-million dollar industry with many pornography websites appearing online. Pornography is damaging to the society since it leads to a pervasion of sexual acts and promotes acts of violence such as rape.
We will write a custom Essay on Has the internet had an overall positive or negative effect on the society? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reports indicate that many convicted rapists and child molesters cite pornography as a trigger to their damaging actions (BBC 1). Proponents of the internet argue that there was still decadent material in the society before the invention of the internet. They claim that photographic material could be obtained through magazines and even bootleg tapes. These claims are true since offensive material has been in the society since the invention of the printing press.
However, the spread of this material before the internet was restricted and it occurred in a regulated fashion. A report by the BBC reveals that since the arrival of the internet, “pornography is far more readily available and less regulated” (1). Without the internet, it would be harder for people to access pornographic material. The society would therefore be protected from the negative effects of this decadent material.
A case for the Internet Advocates of the internet assert that is has contributed to the growth and development of society. Industries and Businesses have benefited from improved efficiency and effectiveness due to the internet. Increased productivity in organizations has resulted in economic growth, which is a desirable outcome for the society.
The internet has also enhanced scientific research and innovation by making it easy for various professionals to work collaboratively through the internet. It has increased the research abilities of various professionals therefore contributing to the development of our society. Knut asserts that the internet has served as an enabler for all forms of innovation in the society (1). This positive attributes of the internet are all true and the prevalence of the internet has greatly affected societies and the economy.
However, it should be noted that innovation and research would still have occurred even without the presence of the internet. Economic growth and prosperity was in action for decades before the advent of the internet. What the internet has done is increase the rate at which economic growth and technological advancement has taken place in society. It would therefore be wrong to assume that there would be no development if the internet was not invented.
Conclusion While the internet has been hailed as the “most important technology” developed, it has led to much harm to society. This paper has argued that the world would be a better place if the internet had not been invented. To buttress this assertion, the paper has highlighted how the internet has contributed to the rising insecurity and violence in the world. The internet has made it easy for international terrorism organizations to expand their influence.
It has noted that governments can infringe upon the freedom of their citizens more efficiently because of the internet. The paper has also highlighted the contribution that the internet has played to moral decay. However, the paper has also acknowledged the positive contributions that the internet has played in society. Even so, the positive contributions are outweighed by the negative influences that the internet has had. It can therefore be declared that the society would be better off if the internet had never been invented.
Works Cited BBC. The internet and Pornography. 2011.Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Has the internet had an overall positive or negative effect on the society? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Knut, Blind. The Internet as Enabler for New Forms of Innovation: New Challenges for Research. 2011. Web.
Schmitt, Eric. Boston Plotters Said to Initially Target July 4 for Attack. 2013. Web.
Schneier, Bruce. The internet is a surveillance State. 2013. Web.
Comparison of the Stories “Heart of Darkness” and “The Lamp at Noon” Essay essay help
An important aspect of any story is the setting that the reader can imagine. The atmosphere that is created, very much adds to the general theme and the relationship between the characters and the surrounding environment.
“Heart of Darkness” and “The Lamp at Noon”, are stories where the setting plays a great role in the development of events and delivers a tone that is very unique and specific to the different situations.
There are many similarities and qualities that make each story a personal experience which has a significant effect on the audience.
In the “Heart of Darkness” the reader begins to feel the heavy atmosphere, as soon as Marlow starts his journey on the boat. The eerie surroundings, unknown land and people who are much different from the known world make the setting very foreign.
The further they travel down the river, the darker seems to be the jungle and people’s thoughts and expectations of what is to come. The fact that there are “cannibals” on the boat with Mr. Marlow adds to the imagery of a forbidden place where someone from the outside world can be in danger and disappear without a trace.
The atmosphere of the country, jungle and the boat darken even further when Charles Marlow and his crew men are met with enemy “fire”—arrows and spears. When the helmsman is killed and falls right by Mr. Marlow, it is easy to see how the environment and the events increase the devastation and panic sets in. Doubts of the purpose and the final goal overtake Charles Marlow and he is unaware if there is a point to continue. Everything that happens is pressuring people and seems like a heavy weight that cannot be lifted.
Even the atmospheric conditions of fog, the dark nights and the dense air are against people and demand to be left undisturbed. The nature greatly overpowers humans and commands them to turn back with many signs but nonetheless, they persist, as Mr. Marlow has an important mission. When they arrive at the station, the situation becomes even grimmer because Marlow is disappointed in Kurtz and is now sure that they came there for nothing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He is thinking that the lives of people lost were not worth the trip. When he and Kurtz fall ill, it is another sign that they should not be there and that the whole world is against foreign people being in that place. Most importantly, the journey is the travel inside a man’s soul where the darkest corners are observed and cannot be lighted. People discover their true identities and those of others.
In “The Lamp at Noon”, the setting of the story also plays a very significant factor. The fact that two people are lonely, even though being very close, shows how the surrounding conditions can be alienating to humans. Ellen and Paul are desperately struggling on their farm with little crops and ability to prosper and this illustrates a dead end that has no escape. Their struggle through the unbeatable chances makes their battle with nature and weather even more in vein and makes them feel small and helpless.
Not only there is separation in their personal lives but the Great Depression makes it difficult to survive and see any future in anything the couple gets involved in. The isolation in the harsh environment sets the base for a distance between people and individuals from nature and land. People have been relying on their farms for a very long time and here, the conditions are such that there is no possibility to overpower nature. The desperation and hopelessness is described through imagery and is present throughout the story.
Another representation of the dark and inescapable nature of the environment is the storm. The hauling of the wind and walls creaking, all seem to be against the two lonely people on their farm. Ellen looks for support from Paul, as the surrounding conditions make her feel lonely and unsafe but he is unable to comfort her. All the forces of nature and human desperation come together to form an atmosphere of frustration and an unfamiliar world.
The mood of the story and the harshness of nature are displayed through imagery and personification. The wind becomes a force that is unstoppable and engulfs the little farm, consuming people and their emotions. Everything around becomes mad and wild, people are torn apart and thrown far away by the nature’s wrath.
Even when the couple tries to connect and support each other, their words are soundless. Paul is confused at what Ellen really wants and seems to live in a different world, set apart by the cruelty of desperation and inability to succeed. Ellen looks for help and consolation from Paul but he cannot hear her words. She cries and screams of pain but the wind and darkening skies swallow all sound and forbid any communication.
The two stories are very similar in their setting because both show how people and nature are two very different entities. “The Heart of Darkness” describes a journey into the land of horror and pain, and this is representative of the people’s deepest emotions and outlook on life. “The Lamp at Noon” portrays a similar movement through people’s soul only without them physically moving.
We will write a custom Essay on Comparison of the Stories “Heart of Darkness” and “The Lamp at Noon” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is interesting that even standing in one place an individual can delve into the deepest parts of their heart and mind, yet find no comfort and outlet of their feelings. The two stories are mostly centered on the surrounding environment and the people’s manifestation of their thoughts only adds to the general theme of darkness, loneliness and cruelty of the surroundings and people’s characters. It is made obvious that humans are not the rulers of their lives and forces of nature.
The insignificance of human individuality and their efforts is made obvious by how harsh conditions can direct and force people into a situation that so desperately must be avoided. The “darkness” of the two stories confirms that people have no control over nature and themselves, as it is an unknown world that must be carefully studied and explored.
The characters of the two stories and their actions are determined by the setting they find themselves in. It is clear that suffering and pain are inseparable from human experience and often, nature adds a great deal to the emotional instability and doubts that people feel. The authors have realistically illustrated how the surrounding environment overtakes the lives of individuals and robs them of almost all control. The connection to reality is very vivid and the circumstances can be physically felt.
American History: the Old South Development Report (Assessment) best essay help: best essay help
The old south The old south developed as a distinct region during the period between 1820 and 1860. Slavery was still widely practiced in the south because the region was primarily agrarian. There was emergence of various social classes and cultures despite the reliance on agriculture. The upper south saw a slow growth of business classes including merchants and manufacturers. Key industries such as iron manufacturing, flour mill, and textile grew in the south.
There were also urban and commercial centers that emerged in the region. However, one distinct feature of these commercial centers was that they used to serve the needs of purely agricultural southern residents. Therefore, it was possible to find items such as farming tools, fertilizers, and seeds being sold in these commercial centers.
The social class of brokers emerged because of the need to find market for some of the crops produced in the south such as cotton. The merchants also played an important role of providing farmers with financial support in the form of credit. Financial support became necessary to farmers especially when the prices of their produce declined in the market. However, the banking system in the south had not developed and in most cases, they used to rely heavily on the north for banking services.
Slavery played a key role in shaping the south. Planters owned huge tracks of land and they used the services of their slaves to cultivate and conduct all agricultural business. A good number of the slave holders used to keep a maximum of 10 slaves. The slaves were mostly expected to do domestic work and a few other tasks in the farms.
Due to the size of their plantations, large planters used to have more than 20 slaves for their farming activities. The slaves in the south were considered to be freer than the free laborers of the north. They had a good working environment that did not enslave them as much as the freed laborers in the north. The old aged people and children were really not expected to work at all.
They experienced comfort and received wage in return. They had free food and accommodation. Similarly, women were less involved in heavy work. Their masters protected them from any harassment and despotic treatment from their husbands. The only people who were involved in heavy duties included the stout boys and the men. On averaged, they worked for less than nine hours every day. The open fields had good weather and fresh air which they were exposed to on daily basis.
Reconstruction The reconstruction era involves the process of rebuilding the country after the civil war. It also considers the transformation that occurred in the southern states to make them conform to the reforms that had already began taking place in the north. After the war, the lives of African Americans did not change much, even though they began to experience freedom.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Technically, African Americans were free people however there were specific laws that prevented them from fully experiencing their freedom. Their rights were still limited compared to their white counterparts. A few amendments were done to the American constitution, which were aimed at providing equal opportunity for every American citizen.
However, none of these amendments helped African Americans to immediately realize their freedom. At the same time, the group was considered inferior economically. African Americans were therefore in a position where they failed to achieve what white Americans achieved economically.
Basically, white Americans were given priority when it came to privileges and opportunities such as education, jobs, and owning properties. The inequality undermined the lives of African Americans to the point where they remained an inferior group. President Johnson was among the first leaders to make an effort towards empowering the African American community or the former slaves (Davidson, 337).
He set aside land which the formers slaves were relocated. However, there were still challenges that the group faced in terms of farming resources. They had no equipments and at the same time, the land was unsuitable for cultivation. Wide spread discrimination was witnessed not only to African American farmers but also the African Americans who ventured into other professions such as politics and business.
The relationship between white Americans and African Americans remained unchanged for a long time in the south even after the end of the war and the constitutional amendments. Due to the inferior economic status of African Americans, white farmers came up with a system known as sharecropping. It entailed giving accommodation, salary, and a piece of land to an African American family. The family was expected to cultivate the land and grow crops but a large percentage of the yield was to be given to the land owner.
With regards to voting, African Americans who had the privilege to vote were always intimidated to vote for the changes they wanted to see. The Republican Party came up with laws that sought to ensure the rights of minority groups in the country were upheld. However, in the south white Americans were against passing of such laws and they would always discourage African Americans from voting for republicans through intimidation.
The reconstruction was a success in the efforts made to create a free environment for every citizen. The efforts were made from a legal and public policy point of view. The biggest success was the freeing of slaves and retention of the union. The 15th amendment is a key event that contributed to the success of the reconstruction period.
We will write a custom Assessment on American History: the Old South Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This amendment lifted suffrages by giving every citizen the right to participate in voting irrespective of the servitude, condition, race, or color. The major failure of the reconstruction period was the lack of political willingness and solution to reconcile and bring healing to the nation. This made the tension between the north and the south to continue. Similarly, the oppression of Africans in the south also continued for some time.
Trade Trade is an important topic throughout American history because it is the one issue that has helped to build the country into what it is today. At the same time, trade has also had negative effects that have contributed towards dividing the country. Trade has been a key activity in the country from the time European explorers set foot on America.
The Colombian exchange is considered to be one of the first trading activities that took place during the colonial period. The most noteworthy change that took place during this time was the displacement of the locals from their land. Five other tangible things have also been described to be major exchanges that took place during this period.
They include sugar, disease, horse, potato, and corn. The intangible items that were exchanged include ecology, corporate structure, and liberty. These ideas have had a lasting impact which is still witnessed today. Globalization can be attributed to the exchange of ideas that took place during the Columbian exchange.
Trade has helped to develop America. One of the major goals of the colonialist was to find market for their goods in addition to producing raw materials to sell in their home countries. America was seen as a country of freedom from domestic persecution in Europe. Most of the colonies had a free trade policy whereby trade barriers were not imposed especially to the locals. The same policies are still evident in America today.
Another aspect about trade that helped to build America was economic specification. Different states and regions specified in the production of particular goods. The north was mainly industrial while the south was agricultural.
This created a situation where the country could support itself even without engaging other countries. For instance, the north was a readily available market for the goods produced by the south. Similarly, the south was a ready market for the goods produced by the north. In this way, the country could support and build its economy.
Trade with other countries was also key in building America’s economy. In the early 19th century, trade was used to build a market economy in the country. There was emergence of new transportation systems, factories, commercial farms, and growing cities. The first factory built was that of spinning cotton.
Not sure if you can write a paper on American History: the Old South Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There was immense technological development in the cotton industry with building of machines that helped gin and spin cotton. The industrial revolution was boosted by the innovations in the textile industry. Technological concepts used in the industry were applied in other areas.
On a negative note, trade has been used to divide the nation on several occasions in history. In the colonial era, it was the one aspect that was used to separate the colonialists and the colonies. The need to engage in trade forced the colonial masters to forcefully grab the land that did not belong to them. It was issues to do with trade that divided the interests of Americans and led a few to mobilize the whole society to fight for their independence.
Another reason for the political consciousness that led to the struggle for independence is that the colonies wanted to expand their markets to other counties. They wanted to engage in trade partnership with other countries. However, the colonial government could not allow this to happen. In addition, the colonies were required to pay taxes to the colonial government. The taxes remitted were extremely high and this angered some of the colonies.
Lastly, one can argue that trade also played a role in the development of the civil war. There was conflict among the country’s leadership over whether to base the country’s economy on agriculture or on industry. As a result, this led to division between the north and the south.
The slave trade business found a huge market in America. African slaves were sold in the country to work on large plantation firms. The discrimination against African slaves also contributed to the civil war. Later after freeing of slaves, there was open division between white Americans and black American communities.
Women In the colonial era, the role of women in the society varied from one states to another. In the New England colony, women were expected to be submissive to men and to rear their children in a Godly way. Women were also not allowed to work in the plantations. In colonies such as Pennsylvania that was occupied by German settlers, women were expected to work in the field. This was the same with colonies occupied by Dutch settlers. The women in these colonies had so much control and authority over property. In the Hispanic states the role women in the society was mainly dictated by the norms of traditional family life.
During the era of the American Revolution, the role of women in the society also varied from state to state. There was a dramatic change in the way women were treated in the society. Women were also helpful in playing supportive roles during the revolutionary war. They played the role of nurses and were responsible for taking care of wounded soldiers.
After America became a republic, the idea of using mothers to raise-up children in line with the ideals of the republic became necessary. If the new country was ever to be successful, the citizens especially children and youths were to be instilled with the values of republicanism. Since women had the responsibility of raising children, they were best positioned to facilitate this need.
During the 19th century, women were mostly involved in movement that sought to establish their rights in the society. Some of them also used their position in the society to call for abolition of slavery. There were women writers and public speakers who used their roles to campaign against slavery and other forms of discrimination in the society.
It was also during this period that women suffrage was realized in America. Therefore, the reform period of the 19th century had the most impact on women. The events and changes that took place during this period set the stage for the realization women’s rights in America.
Politics The colonial period had a vibrant political culture. Many young and rich men were attracted into politics. During this period, politics was mainly centered on issues such as suffrage. Only the elite of the society were allowed to take part in electing political leaders among themselves. Political parties also emerged during this period however the parties were not stable.
Politics in America developed further during the revolution period. It was the need to be independent and have a government that led to the war of independence. Most of the issues that surrounded the war were mainly political. Even after the war, politics and governance took center stage in keeping the country together. The constitution helped to further shape American politics throughout the 19th century until now.
Basically, the period that was marked with a wave of reform all across the American society had the liveliest political discourses. This is because it set the stage for most of the political events that took place later in America. For instance, the need for democracy was first realized during this period. At the same time, critical amendments were made to the constitution to create a freer society. In today’s political environment, the country enjoys the efforts made during the reform period.
The early America had values that basically developed from religion. Religion was the basis for the formation of dominant culture in early America. At some point in history, religion was even used to bring together various cultures in the country. Most of the European settlers came to America to escape the political and religious conflicts in their home countries. In America, they could easily practice their religion and this formed a central part of their lives.
The constitution was also based on the bible which further illustrates how important religion was in building societal values. However, the demands of the American environment played a role in neutralizing the strong alignment to religion. For instance, the social and economic needs dictated whether or not one should be deeply rooted in religion.
Extra credit question Fighting the civil war
It was foolish for the south confederation to think that they could win the civil war. The primary reason for this is the obvious fact that they were less advantaged than the north. At the time of the war, approximately 9 million people lived in the 11 southern confederation states while approximately 21 million people lived in the 23 northern confederation states. The south had the advantage of slaves however they still could not outnumber the north. It was like a minority group fighting a larger group.
In addition to the huge numbers, the north had the advantage of being industrialized. Most manufacturing facilities were located in the north. This gave them the advantage especially when it came to manufacturing of firearms and weapons. Transport materials were also important for use during the war.
The north controlled manufacturing of transport facilities. The shoe and textile industry was also controlled by the northern states implying that the south was limited in terms of weapons, firearms, transport facilities, and uniforms equipments.
In addition, the northern confederation controlled the seas and the major ports for importing and exporting goods. The south could easily suffer if it were not allowed to use the seas for trade and foreign affairs.
On the side, the southern states were advantaged by the fact that they produced raw materials and food that was used in the entire country. However, if the south refused to share their food, the north could easily import because they controlled the navy and the seaports. Another advantage for the south was the training facilities for soldiers. 90 percent of those facilities were located in the south giving the south the advantage of highly skilled and trained officers.
The war strategy and mission also favored the south. They were focused on defending their territories and their lifestyle. This is unlike the north that focused on making the south conform to a different lifestyle. The north, which supported union agendas, had to push for these agendas by attacking and conquering the south. However, the south was comfortable with the cessation, slavery, and their agricultural lifestyle.
The emancipation proclamation was an event that proved the level of seriousness the union had in regard to pushing for its agendas (Davidson, 318). The south also created a parallel government and hoped that it would receive the support of England. However, England never supported any of the two sides during the war.
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York:
McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
“Radio” Final Film Critique Essay (Movie Review) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Storytelling
Actors and acting
Storytelling This movie is based on the real life experiences of James Kennedy and dwells on a coach for a high school football team. The coach is named Ed Harris and the high school for which he coaches a team is found in a small town. He makes friends with a man named Cuba Gooding Jr., who was nicknamed Radio because he was passionate about transistors.
Radio has a developmental disability as described by the author. He is the primary source of humor in this drama. He is the main target of jokes and all the involved teases. The relationship between Radio and the coach initially raises eyebrows, but his developmental progress and prosperity under the coach’s leadership proves to a great inspiration to the local town dwellers making them appreciate their differences (Perez-Pena, 2008).
This summary portrays the coach’s dedication to socializing with less privileged and the fact that he is appreciative about disabled people. People do not believe in this friendship at first. This portrays the people’s insensitivity and lack of appreciation and respect for the disabled persons. However, Radio’s prosperity under the coach’s supervision makes people change their minds and start to see things the other way round (Rosenberg, 2000).
The coach discovered that most of his players were actually bullying Radio who was retarded, young and black, hence vulnerable to mistreatments by others. Having noticed the bullies from his players on Radio, the coach decides to dedicate most of his time as a coach and gives special attention to him.
He makes him useful during sports practice and eventually incorporates him into the school team. Initially, Radio’s mother who is a widow named S. Epatha Mekerson is filled with suspicion while Harold’s wife Debra Winger and daughter Sarah Drew get jealous. Elsewhere, the principal of the school becomes worried and the father of the player Mr. Chris Mulkey gets furious about the whole thing. However, as Radio becomes prosperous and successful, everyone in the community comes to adore and appreciate him (Rosenberg, 2000).
Actors and acting Drama is the main tool used by the director in delivering his message in this movie. The things that Radio becomes victim to are used purposefully to make viewers sympathize with the character. At the beginning, any viewer may be wondering what could make such a man wander on train tracks with grocery buggy but, as time goes, they gain a partial understanding when they find out what he wants.
This brings to the recollection of the viewer all the crazy things they used to do during their early stages of life. I never felt so good when Radio went to town, and a lady whose child was looking at him suddenly snatches the child out of his view. This is totally inhuman as the lady views him as less human and a being that should not get near her child. She doesn’t want her child to look at him either with thoughts that he could cause the child nightmares (Rosenberg, 2000).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the beginning of the movie, viewers are provided with welcoming female background voice and the setting is in the south. The members of the community are obsessed with prejudice. This means that they have the tradition of prejudging what someone is going to do. They also have predefined capabilities for every person they meet.
This is a very dangerous belief as it is against innovation. Judging what someone can offer or their abilities by simply looking at them instead of letting them prove themselves to you is not a good way of evaluation. This community is obsessed with isolation of less privileged without caring why people have such problems and what could cause them. Several minds, when put together, can think well than selected few.
This theme again manifests itself in the lady who snatches her child out of radio’s view. She knows that there is nobody in society who can offer their children nothing but danger and tensed environment. Typically, this movie shares nearly aspects with “To kill a Mockingbird”, another film whose relation to it is substantiated by the fact that the spirit of Coach Harold Jones revives the lost spirit of an alienated, desperate man.
Everyone in “Radio” is kind, nice or a bit mean but basically niceness dominates, and this minimizes drama (Hebersky, 2001).
The film is also less gripping as compared to “To kill a Mockingbird “since it lacks a hint of gothic menace, which is actually present in the latter. As I have already said, the existing drama involves childish arguments between the coach and his school principal, which many times reach perfect agreements.
Also, there are baseless appeals by rebellious parents who claimed they wanted Radio excommunicated from school and taken to aninstitution for students with special needs. However, these are lame allegations and definitely unjustifiable as well as self-thwarting ideas.
The theme of alienation unveils itself yet again. When you demand for a school administration to excommunicate a student just because he has developmental in capabilities, you are just but trying to deny someone his rights and freedoms to socialize with friends and attain quality education from an institution where he feels most comfortable, and the learning environments favors his tastes and preferences. I think the director is after elucidating the high level of hypocrisy that prevails in this community, by creating these scenes.
We will write a custom Essay on “Radio” Final Film Critique specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The society is composed of selfish members who never see anything beyond their own interests. These women instead of looking for measures that could help the boy, suggest their discontinuation from the school. They have no idea that this could lead the victim out of the frying pan into the fire. He is already suffering from the jeers and bullies from his schoolmates and taking him away from school to a special need institution would make him even more frustrated.
However, Radio enjoys redemptions coming from level of performances. Ed Harris tries to nurture him and shows him the required directions, but still shows him a certain level of awkwardness to prevent him from assuming and acting super human. Under normal circumstances, the news about a mentally handicapped person is supposed to ring a bell and attract a lot of attention.
However, Radio’s situation is underestimated by everyone; it does not take anyone by surprise at all. This is a lack of responsibility by the community. When a person has a problem like this, a good community should be able to empathize and take relevant actions collectively as if they were themselves the victims (Hebersky, 2001).
Cinematography The cinematography is made up of different types of angles including medium long shot and medium shots. The directors’ intentions were to tell the actual story using the movie. This particular film is based on a true story just like I said before, and the actual Harold Jones and James Robert Kennedy are as they are portrayed in the last scenes of the film.
The director simply added flavor to the actual activities that happened in the real story and then organized them into scenes making the movie. This means that the themes that prevail in the actual events are fully developed in this film. The film takes the style of the New Testament since it involves a kind man named Radio who can be compared to Christ and Harold his disciple.
Radio and his disciple Harold try to preach their gospel and spread the message of the need to love and be kind to each other. They deliver this message to a community which is made up people of two kinds, that is, people willing to receive the message and get converted and a larger number who are rebellious and resistant to the message terming it as misleading and coming from unbelievable source.
They refuse to believe the message that is given to them until the end when they see the fruits it bears. This is when they come to discover their foolishness and actually decide to embrace it. The society then gets converted from hating Radio and his disability to appreciating him. This also makes them understand that it is normal for people to be different even if being different means lacking things that others do have (Hebersky, 2001).
After keenly studying this movie, I cannot deny the fact that it is very sad but my observations lead me to several conclusions, one of them is that we should never judge others on the basis of their color or abilities. Less able people are as important as those with perfect abilities. The main target audience for this film is the youths.
Not sure if you can write a paper on “Radio” Final Film Critique by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They are warned against underestimating their disabled counterparts but to embrace them appreciate them and accept them the way they are. The reason I pick on the youths as the primary target audience by the director is the fact that Radio’s schoolmates, who have been used to the highest capacity in developing the theme of segregation and racial prejudice, are warned against the mistreatments they inflict on Radio. The story revolves around them.
This movie however has neither clearly defined villains nor heroes. The villains that are discussed do not play the complete roles of villains. They also come to welcome a change of who they are later on at the end of the film. The film is also full of emotional scenes. One might think it is interesting but it keeps changing your moods as you watch it. All in all, it is generally emotional.
This is manifested when Radio is left out in the rain; it almost causes the viewer to shed tears. It even gets worse when he tries to run through the field while it is raining and fall in the muddy field. After viewing this movie, it fills a heart and lifts a spirit; it shows that there comes a time when it is wiser to do the right thing instead of a popular thing.
It reminds us that it is fine to do the right thing that seems wrong rather than doing a wrong thing that seems right. When something is right, it remains so even if no one believes it is. On the other hand, a wrong thing is wrong even if everyone thinks otherwise. When Radio is left behind by everyone else, he runs to the field and starts to play alone.
Viewers are reminded that people like Radio and those having similar problems do not chose to be who they are but rather find themselves there. It is therefore their responsibility to make them understand themselves and make them have self-esteem (Hebersky, 2001).
The team learns a lesson in the year 1974 when they decide to leave Radio behind when they have their visit to Northwestern High for a football match. The head coach Fraser claimed that the bus was so full that Radio could not find space. He therefore had to be the one to remain behind.
Jones did not like this all but then what could he have done? He was only the assistant coach by then and had to go by the head coach. The principal also had to work with what Mr. Fraser had said since he was the chief organizer of the trip and was in charge of all aspects; so Radio never made it to Northwestern High School for the match. The team however lost the match 27-20 to the visitors.
From this day onwards, Radio was never left out every game that the team played and was included among those travelling for any competition. After this experience and the consistent inclusion of Radio in the school team squad, the Yellow Jackets enjoyed a series of successful performances all the way to that year’s finals.
This is a clear indication and an explanation of the proverb, “never judge a book by its cover.” Excluding Radio from the football team is accompanied by heavy consequences. They lose terribly when they visit a school to play a football match.
They all come to appreciate his importance to the team. With all the regrets, the squad swears never to repeat the mistake and indeed they see the impact of doing this as justified by the fact that they enjoy fine performance and advance all the way to the final that particular year. More often than not, we are tempted to underrate certain resources due to the fact that we are highly affected by prejudgment. We end up letting go of very important resources for fear that they are useless (Henning
Minimum Wage: Pros and Cons, Effects of Increase Research Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Minimum Wage Law
Advantages of Minimum Wage Law
Disadvantages of Minimum Wage Law
Labor Union Laws and Efficient Wages
Introduction This essay will explore the law regarding minimum wage in the United States of America, as well as advantages and disadvantages of increasing wage such as beneficial incentives, derailed job growth, and improved job security among others. The essay will also discuss the history of minimum wage law.
In addition, it will explain labor union laws and efficient wages. Minimum wage refers to the least possible salary that employees get from their employers depending on the agreed payment structure (Waltham 20). Employees use various payment structures to offer employees remuneration depending on amount of work done per hour, day, or month. Minimum wage is a crucial element in the labor market because it provides the lowest salary at which employees would be willing to trade their labor.
Benefits of having a limit on minimum wage include improved welfare of workers, observance of equality in recruitment, high employee morale in the workplace, as well as improved efficiency and service delivery for business and organizations (Waltham 27). However, despite these benefits, criticisms have been lodged against availability of minimum wage.
Critics, most of whom apply concepts developed in the neo-classical theory of economics, believe that minimum wage results in low employee output, increased unemployment due to inexperience, and biasness in the recruitment process. Minimum wage is an important aspect of any labor market, as it improves job standards and equality in the labor market.
Minimum Wage Law Minimum wage law is simply a decree passed to prohibit employers from paying workers less than a specifically set amount of minimum wage (Waltham 35). At first, this law applied only to women and children, although it later extended its coverage to include the general labor force.
Violations of this law attract a fine of up to 10,000 USD, and an additional fine of 1,100 USD per extra violation (Lee 78). To understand state minimum wage law, we need to understand where the federal wages law originated. It first originated in Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) that President Franklin Roosevelt signed on June 25, 1938.
During that time, the minimum wage was set at a minimum of 25 cents per hour, which is equal to around 4 dollars. At first, this law only covered 38 percent of the labor force, but it continuously grew over the years, and now covers almost 85 percent of our labor force (Lee 80). Since then, revision of wage limits has happened for approximately twenty two times.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The FLSA requires employers to follow the state minimum wage law, which is usually set higher than the federal law. The current provisions under this law in the United States of America require employers to provide a minimum of $7.25 for every hour an employee offers his/her labor. These provisions have been applicable since 2009 when the last revision of the law happened.
There are various wage categories covered under this law. Student wage category covers students below the age of 18 who work during school sessions or over the holidays (Lee 88).
Another category is the home workers wage that covers individuals paid for work done from their respective homes. Others include the general minimum wage, liquor services minimum wage, as well as hunting and fishing guides minimum wage. Since 1938, the federal government has implemented minimum wage laws through the Department of Labor. The difference between federal and state minimum wage laws is that federal law applies to all fifty states, while state law is only functional in state (Lee 96).
Some states have higher minimum wage standards than the standards of federal law; others have lower or none at all. Although minimum wages have advantages such as helping workers by setting the amount of money employers should pay them, they also have negative effects such as increasing likelihood and duration of unemployment, and discouraging part time work and school attendance among others.
Advantages of Minimum Wage Law According to economic experts, there are numerous advantages associated with availability of a provision on minimum wage in the American labor market. These benefits are universal as they cater for needs of both skilled and unskilled labor (Koshers 132). It is worth noting that minimum wage law has created an even playing ground for various job seekers who at no time feel that the remuneration received is not equal their expertise or work done.
The first benefit is that it helps families. A research done by the Economic Policy Institute in the United States of America established that close to a half of America’s working population had parental responsibilities. This meant that if there were no minimum wage laws, these workers would struggle to provide for their families because they would work for lesser wages (Koshers 139).
The second benefit of minimum wage is that it gives people unemployment incentive. This particularly applies for unskilled and unemployed workers. By possessing knowledge of the minimum wage rate, unemployed people will most likely look for jobs. They can compare the money they earn from unskilled labor to unemployment benefits in order to determine the financial incentive of working (Koshers 144).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Minimum Wage: Pros and Cons, Effects of Increase specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another benefit is that minimum wage law helps employers plan and manage their financial resources effectively. Minimum wage law makes this easier because small businesses that hire unskilled labor know the cost of paying employees before employing them. By knowing their budget requirements, they make better decisions that guarantee future financial stability. Minimum wage laws also help lessen the burden of paying taxes for employees (Koshers 150).
The federal government exempts employees on minimum wages from high taxation compared to employees on larger wage scales. Instead, most Americans on minimum wage often receive assistance from federal and state governments to supplements their little wages. This provides job security.
Disadvantages of Minimum Wage Law The minimum wage law also has disadvantages that stem from the way it influences ability of people to access job opportunities, get into those jobs, and retain them. The disadvantages also entail ability of existing and future employers to create new jobs (Rotenberg 100).
One of the disadvantages is increased levels of unemployment. The concept of supply and demand best explains this. In a highly competitive market where demand for labor is high, low wages discourage people from accepting jobs that offer low remuneration, thus causing unemployment.
The second disadvantage is that it promotes emergence and growth of black labor markets. This means that some firms can dodge the law and offer workers less that the federal minimum wage, as the supply of labor becomes too high (Rotenberg 109). The third disadvantage is that it heightens poverty levels of people on minimum wage.
If a household has one individual earning the minimum wage, there is a high likelihood that the household will forever live below the poverty line. There is always a feeling of complacency whenever people get into employment without considering their income and their daily needs (Rotenberg 116). In addition, putting limits on minimum wage that Americans can receive does not increase the income of poor Americans who have to continue dealing with the same financial responsibilities as before.
Labor Union Laws and Efficient Wages Labor union laws and minimum wage laws have contributed a lot to the current trend of structural unemployment in the United States of America. This explains the development of the concept of efficient wages (Thomas par 8). Efficient wages entail setting employee remuneration above average wage in order to strike balance between supply and demand for labor. This concept applies based on concepts of the efficiency wage theory.
First, there is increased employee productivity due to good remuneration. Secondly, there is improved employee retention rates, thus reducing cost of operation mainly brought about by regular employee recruitment and employee training (Thomas par 10). When an employer provides wages above average market levels, employees often find it hard to consider other job offers since there is no guarantee of such an attractive remuneration package.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Minimum Wage: Pros and Cons, Effects of Increase by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The third benefit involves an increase in quality and depth of skill in the workforce. One of the things that is likely to attract highly competent and skilled individuals to an organization is a solid remuneration package. This often provides a competitive edge for an organization when it comes to sourcing talent and skills in the job market (Thomas par 11).
However, it is important to note that providing employee remuneration above the equilibrium does not mean the same as increasing the minimum wage. Increasing the minimum wage always results in mixed outcomes.
When the minimum wage is increased, the income of people in employment escalates (Thomas par 3). At the same time, an increase in minimum wage is a disadvantage to people providing unskilled labor because the cost of hiring increases, thus reducing the number of individuals hired. Therefore, increasing minimum wage in the United States of America will definitely lead to increase in rate of unemployment, since the cost of hiring will increase leading to reduced demand for labor (Thomas par 3).
Conclusion Minimum wage refers to the least possible salary that employees get from their employers depending on the agreed payment structure. Employees use various payment structures that involve employees receiving remuneration depending on amount of work done per hour, day, or month. Minimum wage law is simply a decree passed to prohibit employers from paying workers less than the set amount of minimum wage.
The difference between federal and state minimum wage laws is that federal law applies to all the fifty states, while state law is only applicable to one state. Some states have higher minimum wage standards than the standards of federal law; others have lower standards or none at all. Increasing the minimum wage in the United States of America will definitely lead to increase in rate of unemployment, since the cost of hiring will increase leading to reduced demand for labor.
Works Cited Koshers, Marvin. The Effects of the Minimum Wage on Employment. New York: Cengage Learning, 2004. Print.
Lee, Kenneth. Minimum Wage Laws and Administration: The Widening Gap. New York: John Wiley
Why are poor people more likely to be obese? Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Obesity is a health condition that results from accumulation of fat in the body that has adverse effects on health of victims. It is caused by excessive intake of high-energy foods, genetic makeup of individuals, and lack of adequate physical exercise (Wolin 34). It reduces life expectancy and predisposes individuals to other health problems such as type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancer (Wolin 35).
Individuals with obesity are more prone to diseases than individuals without obesity are. In olden days, obesity was associated with wealthy people. However, the situation has changed. Research suggests that poor people are more likely to be obese than rich people.
Discussion One of the reasons why poor people are more prone to obesity than rich people is because of poor diet. A major cause of obesity is excess intake of high-energy foods (Smith 44). Many parents from poor households cannot afford healthy meals for their families. For example, they buy processed foods for breakfast and dinner.
In contrast, rich people take time to prepare meals that are balanced in nutritive content. Fast foods and processed foods are usually rich in fat that is a predisposing factor to obesity (Pena and Bacalloa 51). Since fast foods are cheap and readymade, parents prefer them without considering their health implications
Poor people have little or no access to health facilities such as gyms for workouts (Pena and Bacalloa 53). Rich people can afford to subscribe to health facilities for regular workouts.
On the contrary, poor people rely on physical activities such as walking and running for exercise. However, with frequent intake of foods rich in high fat content, ordinary physical activities are not sufficient. On the other hand, parents from poor families do not play active roles in the lives of their children (Smith 47). They allow children do things on their own. As such, children eat junk foods because it is sugary and sweet. Many parents from rich families play active roles in the lives of their children.
They ensure that their children eat healthy foods, and take them to the doctor for regular medical checkups (Levine 2667). In addition, poor people do not get time for exercise because at the end of the day, they are very tired from working. Many poor people work in manual jobs that are very tiresome and that pay small wages. Their little income denies them access to farmers markets that sell healthy foods (Levine 2667).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Poor people prefer high-calorie foods because they keep them satisfied for longer. This helps them tackle hard times when they cannot get food readily. A research conducted by the University of Miami found out that whenever people realize that food was scarce, they turn to high-calorie foods that keep them satisfied for longer compared to healthier low-calorie foods (Drewnowski 8).
Foods such as wheat, corn, and potatoes are cheap but unhealthy. It is easier to feed a family with fast food that costs little money than to purchase healthier foods that are more expensive. These high-calorie foods predispose people to obesity. Poor people prefer fast foods because they are cheap and can easily feed their families on small budgets (Drewnowski 10). However, their health implications are adverse and cause serious complications in the long-term.
Another reason why poor people are more prone to obesity than rich people is level of education. Many poor people are uneducated and ignorant.
Therefore, they possess little knowledge on importance of eating a balanced diet (Borland par2). They consider the cost of food first rather than its nutritive value. Poor people do not know the difference between healthy and unhealthy food. Nutritional knowledge would enable them differentiate between healthy and unhealthy foods. However, they know little about negative effects of various foods on health.
Therefore, they consume foods based on how much they cost rather than their nutritive value (Borland par3). They opt for fast foods in order to save money. There is a direct relationship between income and obesity. Poor people prefer cheap food rather than healthy food. In contrast, rich people prefer healthy food even though it is expensive. Poor people buy the cheapest foods that they can get in order to save money (Borland par6). In today’s society, the cheapest foods are junk foods that are rich in high calories.
Conclusion Poor people are more likely to be obese because the foods they can afford are unhealthy and cheap. They do not consider the nutritive value of food but its price. Junk food is the cheapest type of food sold today. In order to save money for other uses, poor people opt for junk food that has high calorie content.
Other reasons include lack of access to health training facilities, and lack of knowledge on importance of healthy eating because of low levels of education. In addition, parents from poor families do not play active roles in the lives of their children. These factors predispose poor people to obesity more than rich people.
We will write a custom Essay on Why are poor people more likely to be obese? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Borland, Sophie. The poor are moiré likely to be obese, says health minister. 23 Jan. 2013. Web. .
Drewnowski, Adam. Poverty and Obesity: The Role of Energy Density and Energy Costs. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 79.1 (2002): 6-16. Print.
Levine, James. Poverty and Obesity in the U.S. Diabetes 6.11 (2006): 2667-2668. Print.
Pena, Manuel, and Bacalloa Jorge. Obesity and poverty: a new public health challenge. New York: Pan American Health Org, 2000. Print.
Smith, Patricia. Obesity among poor Americans: is public assistance the problem? New York: Vanderbilt University Press, 2007. Print.
Wolin, Kathleen. Obesity. New York: ABC-CLIO, 2009. Print.
Performance Management Reflection Essay custom essay help
Remedial strategy for resolving cost mix Basically, ABC is a remedial strategy for resolving cost mix changes through the implementations steps contained in it. The ABC program can identify the main elements of costs in an organization. Reflectively, this aspect is critical in the proactive costs assessments through classification of the costs to distribute them in line with the accurate focus.
Nevertheless, the cost brackets identified and classified should be placed on the premise of categories or elements rather than by the shallow organization or product function. For instance, maintenance, fixed, and definite but slightly flexible costs are but examples of the ideal ways of cost classification in the ABC program.
On the other hand, the ABC program offers an opportunity for the easy identification of the vital cost elements that demand attention and control planning in the product cost identity mix. From this, the cost pool strategy will give room for summation of the activity rate for each identified activity through application of planned driver.
Thus, a company may use this program simulation to carry out comparative costing to accurately track and monitor the flows in costs since the ABC simulation offers the application that can facilitate activity-based costing for the purpose of timely planning and business insight within the rationale of optimal performance. Thus, the ABC simulation offers a proactive tool for tracking uncertainty, variability and interdependence of costs and activities against available resources.
Why the balanced scorecard (BSC) is a necessity in Midal Company
Reflectively, a BSC system offers the opportunity for an organization to fill the vacuum that often exists between company actions and strategies adopted. At the same time, the system engages a multi faceted user board in planning for the immediate, midterm and long term strategies.
Also, the system has application for tracking feedback against progress of each strategy and records any changes in the dynamic business environment. Thus, the BSC system can be described as a necessary tool for system evaluation of the strategies in place against future focus in order to successfully translate the strategies into deliverable variables that can be quantified. In relation to Midal Company, the proposed BSC system will fasten efficiency and optimal productivity.
Applying the BSC system at Midal
When successfully implemented, the BSC system is likely to transform the Midal’s corporate plans into quantifiable action plans that can be tracked from one period to another. Thus, the current traditional approach to strategic planning in the company will be transformed into easily identifiable specific, actionable, measurable, time bound and realistic through the BSC system.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, the BSC system facilitated complete transformation of the Geon Forex Capital into a very efficient company with tracking devises for measuring performance.
How BSC can be integrated in Midal Company
From the above reflection, the BSC system will facilitate scientific management of the company through effective planning and excellent execution of strategies into measurable results. The BSC system will facilitate rational decision making among the executive managers since they will be empowered to support their decisions with quantifiable and justifiable action plans in line with the main goal of quality performance and optimal service delivery.
Customer measurement is critical in planning for product design and delivery in a company. In the case of Midal Company, customer measurement will facilitate maintenance of customer preference since the company will be in a position to benchmark customer measurement results to provide up-to-date services.
Process management Process management is central in a production process. It ensures that goods or services produced are of superior quality. Also, process management helps in identification of areas for improvement. This improves customers’ satisfaction. Process management consists of three processes these are, design, control and improvement.
Provision of quality goods and services is of essence in business. The process of developing quality products is a complex interrelationship of various attributes. It entails identification of customer requirements, identification technical requirements, relating the customer requirements to the technical requirements, evaluating competing products or services, evaluating technical requirements, developing targets, and determining the technical requirements to deploy in the remainder of the production/delivery process.
This process design is comprehensive since it takes in to account all necessary functions of process management. It improves the quality of goods and services produced.
Since inputs are critical in determining the quality of output, companies use special devises for quality assurance and control. These devices detect mistakes early and enable the company to correct. Other than checking inputs, the management also uses these devices during the entire production process.
We will write a custom Essay on Performance Management Reflection specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Use of these devices in the entire production process helps in the detection of human or machine error, such as forgetfulness, misunderstanding, absentmindedness, delays, malfunctions, or errors in identification. This helps in correction of the errors early.
The final stage of process design is critical. It entails evaluation of the entire process with an aim of pointing out areas for improvement. Besides, during this stage the management can compare targets with outcome and note variances. Generally, performance management is critical in quality assurance, planning and implementation of different business management models.
Performance Measurement Report essay help free
Introduction The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) model is a mechanism that is mainly used by organizations to enhance their efficiency, particularly when it comes to the issue of strategy management and achievement. Often, organizations rely on several indicators to determine whether their performances are well in track to achieve organizational objectives. Such indicators, including the financial measurements are, however, inadequate in pointing out accurately an organization’s actual position in as far as it business operations and performance are concerned.
The BSC provides an elaborate mechanism for organizations to determine several indicators, which are all used in determining strategy. This paper seeks to discuss the use and efficiency of BSCs by organizations as they pursue their strategies and objectives. In particular, the paper seeks to discuss Tesco Plc. and its application of BSC.
Tesco Plc. is the leading British retailer of food, selling more than 4000 varied food products. The retailer has further expanded its portfolio to include the sale of other non-food items, including electronics, kitchen utensils, stationery, and clothing among many other commodities.
The Tesco chain of stores is currently ranked as the third largest in the world, after global leader Walmart of the USA and French company Carrefour. Apart from operating in native Britain, Tesco also has a presence in at least 13 other countries across the globe (Datamonitor, 2011). In 2012, Tesco achieved a total group sales value of £72 billion and £3.8 billion in profits before taxation. The underlying diluted earnings per share increased by 2.1%, while the full year dividend per share stood at 14.76% (Tesco Plc, 2012).
Tesco introduced its BSC in 1998. Over the years, the BSC has been critical in enabling the firm to achieve its strategies and objectives. Each year, the firm reviews its BSC with the intention of ensuring that its organizational goals are achieved. There is strict adherence to the BSC in Tesco.
Weekly data is accumulated and stored. The scorecard in every store helps managers to also access the corporate scorecard that is presented on quarterly basis (Witcher
The role which has been played by blogs and social networking in altering our daily usage of the internet and the World Wide Web Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
The development of the internet has been perhaps the best thing which has ever happened to human beings, as far as computer-based communication is concerned. Ever since its introduction in the world way back in 1965, the internet has continued to play a significant role in our lives.
The advanced use of the internet or the World Wide Web in the contemporary world has had a revolutionary impact to the people all over the world, thus helping to improve their lives in a special way. The human life in vast areas of accountability has been made easier through the possibilities of world wide communications currently offered by the internet.
As it would be observed, culture and commerce are some of the key aspects involving humans today that have been impacted largely by this modern trend of communication which continues to touch every part of our lives. On this particular note, the internet has played a major role in enhancing communication and interaction among people of different cultural backgrounds, through interactive elements like search engines and social networking sites found on the internet.
More importantly, the evolution of the internet has continued to play a key role in today’s business arena in a number of ways. In regard with this subject, this paper examines how the use of blogs and social networking has altered our daily usage of the World Wide Web and the internet.
The constant use of blogs and social networking as some of the main tools of communication offered by the internet has altered the way people use the World Wide Web. Just a couple of years ago, the internet would be seen as a platform for kids and idle adults to kill time in ways that could not be more useful.
This would include things such as sharing of pictures and rants, email communication, and computer gaming, among other engaging activities. However, today, things have completely changed, and internet has emerged as one of the many things courtesy of the computer technology which have proved to be very useful to the human life. As a matter of fact, millions of people across the world have discovered just how the internet could be used for other beneficial ways, apart from simple communication and gaming (Goh
A Travel Back in Time: Analysis of David Walker’s Appeal Essay essay help online
When taking a look back at the stages of the world history, one might be wondering how different the world would be if at certain points, people had undertaken different actions, made different decisions and considered different ideas. Sometimes, the choice between a plethora of options would have done nothing; in other cases, the solution to a specific dilemma would have waged the fate of millions of people.
Changing the outcomes is one thing, however; changing people’s mindset is another. Taking the famous refusal to accept David Walker’s Appeal will be a perfect way to illustrate the aforementioned idea. One might argue that David Walker’s famous brainchild, Appeal, and its further rejection by the Founding Fathers at the time of composing the declaration of Independence predetermined the further course of the USA development, with its horrible history of slavery and the further racial discrimination, particularly against Black people.
However, assuming that David Walker’s Appeal would have changed people’s minds entirely would be rather naïve. Despite the fact that by 1829, the citizens of the United States have accepted the ideas of equal chances, rights and freedoms, it would have been wrong consider that the U.S. citizens were ready to accept the concept of rights and freedoms for everyone.
Abolitionist ideas have not yet sunk deep enough with the common people, and it was thirty-six years until the Civil War, which could possibly mean only that the then dominant USA population would have not considered David Walker’s Appeal as a possible idea. Therefore, in terms of the relationships between the white and the Black population of the USA, the Appeal would have solved nothing.
Moreover, further conflicts between the Americans and the African Americans would have been spawned, which means that the Civil War might have been somewhat crueler and it would have taken more than four years to win the battle. Overall, even if Walker’s Appeal had been considered in the Senate, it would have made the conflict between the two cultures even longer and more complicated. Some of the changes might have been speeded up a bit, yet the majority of the historic events would have remained in their places.
However, with all these issues in mind, Walker’s argument cannot be considered as radical; despite its tone and premises, i.e., the dissatisfaction with the policy towards the African American people, Walker’s work is written as a suggestion instead of a demand or a call for action, which means that Walker’s Appeal cannot be considered as a thrust in a direction towards the derogation of the white people.
Walker must be credited for a very strong opinion on the policy that the American government was implementing. He did not hesitate to express his concern with the lack of humanity and to critique the very concept of slavery, as well as the policies that supported it. Some might argue that Walker’s appeal never had any Black Nationalism implications in it.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Indeed, it would be rather unexpected in the era when the African American population was oppressed that a person of an African American origin, even a man of education and intelligence of Walker’s, would have decided to promote the ideas that would have diminished the role of the dominating part of the population.
According to the existing researches, the fact that Walker suggested the ideas of equality in the era when slavery was a widely accepted phenomenon can hardly be posed as a supportive argument – in fact, abolitionists have done their job by 1820ies, and a number of the African American people had learned about the basic abolitionist principles by that time.
Considering some of the passages from Walker’s famous work will help define the parts that have been interpreted as the start of the “Black Nationalism.” Among the most daring statements, the following must be quoted:
I have been for years troubling the pages of historians, to find out what our fathers have done to the white Christians of America, to merit such condign punishment as they have inflicted on them, and do continue to inflict on us their children. But I must aver, that my researches have hitherto been to no effect.
It is important to stress that in the given sentence, two basic ideas can be traced. On the one hand, walker makes it clear that there is no basic difference between an American and an African America.
Walker does so by stating that the Black people might have deserved such cruel treatment and such unbelievable injustice by only committing a terrible crime to the entire race of the American people. Otherwise, walker implies, such an attitude is completely pointless and unexplainable. Thus, Walker draws parallels between the Black people and the white people, claiming that they are on the same level, and that slavery can only be explained – but not justified – by a terrible mistake that one could have done in the past.
Rather understandable plea for justice, the given statement seems innocent enough; however, when considered closer, it supposedly could be viewed as a reason to start an eye-for-an-eye battle between the oppressed and the dominating ones; since the African people are equal to the American ones, it would only be fair that the latter should pay for the years of humiliation and abuse.
We will write a custom Essay on A Travel Back in Time: Analysis of David Walker’s Appeal specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Still, viewing the given passage in the light of Black Nationalism does not seem possible. Walker’s question can be considered demanding, persistent, solution seeking, even demanding for a change, yet it does not have a single tangible element of stating the need to establish a specific nation and represent a specific culture.
Another element from Walker’s work might be considered a manifestation of the Black Nationalism relates to his attitude towards the white people. This is the point at which his statement stops being a typical peace-seeking statement and where the demand for establishing the status quo stems from.
owever, this can also be viewed as the point that spawned the most turmoil and caused even greater conflict between the Black and the white population. For example, such passage as “The whites have always been an unjust, jealous, unmerciful, avaricious and blood-thirsty set of beings, always seeking after power and authority” shows clearly that the author did not have a very favorable opinion of most of the USA white population.
Clearly, the given opinion was voiced by a person who knew the white people from their worst side and, therefore, had the right to pass such harsh and stern judgment. However, the given judgment did not serve the purpose that the given document had, i.e., providing the African American people with the rights and freedoms that they deserved. Indeed, the ways in which Walker describes the white population of the USA, as well as the white race in general, starting from the Romans, as slaveholders for their selfish reasons.
Even though at some point Walker states that in no way did he want to insult the representatives of the European origin and was only attempting to provide freedom to the entire nation: “Let no one say that I assert this because I am prejudiced on the side of my colour, and against the whites or Europeans”, the given specifics of the paper does make the statement weaker.
Nevertheless, it would be absurd to consider the ideas of the man who appealed to “humanity, kindness and the fear of the Lord” in his major work as the ones that promoted radical actions.
In the light of what slaveholders did to their so-called “living goods,” the principles of equal rights that Walker heralded could be regarded as the most peaceful response possible: “Why, I thought the Americans proclaimed to the world that they are a happy, enlightened, humane and Christian people, all the inhabitants of the country enjoy equal Rights!! America is the Asylum for the oppressed of all nations!!!”
To give Walker credit, though, his work did accelerate the process of recognizing the rights of the Black people and freeing them from the burden of slavery that they had been carrying for so long. Nevertheless, as it has been stressed above, the tone and the overall straight-forwardness of the paper made it hardly applicable in the late 1820ies settings.
Not sure if you can write a paper on A Travel Back in Time: Analysis of David Walker’s Appeal by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Walker’s statement could not have been considered radical simply because he preferred reasoning with the people oppressing his kind instead of straight calling the Black people to take revenge on the oppressors.
Therefore, it can be assumed that Walker’s paper was more than appropriate response to the anti-abolitionists. Sadly, the complicated XIX century relationships between the African Americans and the rest of the American population would not have been saved with a single document, even with such glorious and meaningful as Walker’s Appeal.
While its contribution into the history of the United States cannot possibly be doubted, the issue concerning the adequate treatment of the African American people, as well as the ideas concerning freedom, equality and fraternity, do not change rapidly. It takes time and great patience to convince someone that a nation must not be judged on the merits of the looks of its representatives, religious beliefs, political system, etc.
While the goal that Walker pursued by promoting his Appeal as the guiding principle of the new policies towards Black people, it must be admitted that he chose the wrong time and the wrong tone. While the fact that the Appeal would have caused a surge of Black Nationalism is rather doubtful, it is still clear that, once adopted, the given law would have triggered numerous protests from the owners of slaves, the supporters of slavery and all the people who were not ready for the changes in their attitude towards the Black population.
It is clear that the results would not have changed either way; in the latter case, it may be assumed that the 1861 bloodbath would have been lengthier and bloodier, yet slavery would have finally been dealt with, while equality principles would have had to wait for another century. That being said, it can be assumed that Walker was ahead of his time; he had written his Appeal for a different era and for the people of different and more tolerant mindset.
Reference List Robinson, Dean E. Black Nationalism in American Politics and Thought. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
Walker, David. David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University. 2002.
Footnotes Dean E. Robinson, Black Nationalism in American Politics and Thought (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 11.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 16.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 20.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 28.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 28.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 82.
Smoking: Problems and Solutions Report online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Case Study: Canada
Introduction The tobacco industry is worth billions of dollars in annual profits made from the sale of cigarettes. This industry promotes the smoking of cigarettes by millions of individuals in countries all over the world. While most people enjoy smoking, this habit has many harmful effects that outweigh any perceived merits. Tobacco smoking is the number one cause of preventable deaths in most nations across the globe. The United Press International (2010) reports that, “more than 440,000 U.S. residents die annually from cigarette smoking” (p.1).
Smoking not only affects the smoker but also the people around him who are forced to inhale the polluted air. The CDC (2013) reveals that secondhand smokers incur adverse health conditions and even death because of the exposure. In addition to the negative health consequences associated with tobacco use, smoking leads to loss in productivity by an individual costing the economy billions of dollars annually.
The CDC (2002) further notes that smoking leads to a loss of money for citizens as they use thousands of dollars each year to sustain their habit. Considering the significant negative impact that smoking has on the society, measures should be taken to address the problem. Policies should be implemented to ensure that people are dissuaded from smoking.
If measures are not taken, the deaths and disease burden of smoking-related illness will continue to be prevalent in the society. Even more troubling, more young people will take up this damaging habit. The financial cost of smoking will also continue to be felt by the society.
Solutions To solve the problem, I would impose laws that restrict adults from smoking in the presence of children. Specifically, parents would be prevented from smoking at home when their children are present. A report by Wang and Phil (2011) reveals that children who are exposed to secondhand smoke at home are likely to engage in smoking themselves in future. Making smoking in the presence of children illegal would therefore have the desirable effect of preventing most children from taking up smoking in the future.
The community should engage in preventative programs to reduce smoking prevalence. Smoking remains to be a major problem due to the significant percentage of new smokers each year. Such programs would especially be effective to the youth who are thinking of picking up smoking.
Lovato (2012) states that “teenagers are likely to start smoking due to peer influence while at school” (p.363). With effective preventative programs targeted at such groups, the number of new smokers will remain low ensuring that the problem of smoking is mitigated. The National Cancer Institute (2013) suggests that greater investments should be made in efforts to assist individuals to quit smoking. A large percentage of smokers attempt to quit the habit at some point.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reid et al. (2012) reveal that most of the smokers who are successful in their quitting attempts get some form of assistance from health care providers and community workers. To fund these solutions, the government can increase the taxation on tobacco companies. Such an action will not only provide the necessary finances but also increase the price of cigarettes therefore reducing consumption due to high prices.
Case Study: Canada One developed nation where the impacts of smoking are felt is Canada. CBPP (2013) reports that in Canada, 16.7% of the population smoke with the daily smokers, who consume an average of 13 cigarette sticks a day, being 13.1%. The highest percentage of smokers were found among the young adults aged between 20 and 24.
The Lung Association (2013) documents that approximately 37,000 Canadians die from smoking related conditions annually making tobacco a major killer in the country. In addition to this, the disease increases the risk for various forms of cancer, leukemia, and coronary problems. The CDC (2002) asserts that smoking “produces substantial health-related economic costs to society” (p.1).
In recognition of the problems that tobacco causes in the country, The Canadian government has taken steps to reduce smoking in the country. Reid et al. (2012) note that the government has engaged in aggressive campaigns to promote awareness of the adverse effects of smoking. CBC News (2010) reveals that the government has “forced cigarette manufacturers to carry picture-based warnings” (p.1).
These efforts have led to a marked decline in revenues for the industry as sales in the country have dropped. In spite of this drop, reports by CBC News (2010) indicate that “nearly one-fifth of Canadians call themselves smokers” (p.1). This indicates that the smoking problem is far from solved in the country. Better solutions will have to be implemented to ensure that the problem of smoking is mitigated and eventually eradicated from the society.
References CBC News. (2010). Statistical look at cigarettes and Canadian smokers. Web.
CBPP. (2013). Tobacco Control. Web.
We will write a custom Report on Smoking: Problems and Solutions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More CDC (2002). Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs – United States, 1995-1999. Web.
CDC (2013). Tobacco: Fast Facts. Web.
Lovato, C. (2012). School and Community Predictors of Smoking: A Longitudinal Study of Canadian High Schools. American Journal of Public Health, 103(2), 362-368.
National Cancer Institute (2013). Cigarette Smoking: Health Risks and How to Quit. Web.
Reid J. L., Hammond, D., Burkhalter, R.,
Immigration bias on Hispanics in North Carolina Essay essay help: essay help
Immigration bias against the Hispanics has been witnessed in the State of North Carolina based on implementation of Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Section 287 (g)’s implementation in North Carolina has been controversial since it has infringed on the rights and freedoms of the minority Hispanics in the State. Section 287(g) allows the Immigration and Customs Enforcement to create accords with state and regional police agencies in the process of enactment of immigration laws.
State officials have been conducting random traffic stops and searches in the guise of napping or targeting the Hispanic community. The implementation of the INA act and in particular section 287(g) in regard to memorandums signed between the State agencies and INA has been criticised. These MOA’s have given powers to state agencies who in turn have been conducting immigration searches in a discriminate manner.
Moreover, state officials in the State have undertaken the implementation of these MOA’s with lack of transparency and in defiance of the law. Hispanics have complained of prejudiced abuses and lack of protection from the police. In one instance, a Hispanic mother of four US citizens was detained under the INA act due to her racial status. Although, the law gives powers to state officials to undertake immigration searches, it only applies to undocumented immigrants.
The ICE usually focuses on immigrants charged with heinous acts but in the state of North Carolina, law enforcement agencies use section 287 (g) to target suspected illegal immigrants charged with small offences. For instance, in 2008 around 84% of immigrants had been detained and charged with minor traffic offences in Gaston County. This clearly proves that state officials in North Carolina are not implementing section 287(g) as envisaged in the act.
Since, section 287(g) is misused as an immigration artillery and instrument for bullying and segregation of foreigners of Hispanic extract. The actions of the state officials contribute to discrimination and racial profiling of the minority Hispanic group in the society. As a result, the Hispanic community have encountered a profound sense of discrimination which has breed mistrust and scepticism towards State and regional institutions.
Most of the Hispanic people believe that State officials are looking for justifications under the INA act to repatriate them. As a result, the co-operation of the minority groups in State activities is greatly diminished due to mistrust. According to section 287 (g), state officials are only allowed to screen for immigrants once they are in custody over other offences.
Therefore, the actions of the officials in North Carolina are breaches against the law and thus these officials have to rectify their actions. The US constitution has provisions that allow for community participation in making of law and thus the MOA’s signed between States and the ICE should include community input. Community based groups should be involved in the process of drafting the MOA’s under section 287 (g) so as to cater for welfare of all interest groups on immigration.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Making use of the input of the community in the process of enactment of laws will assist greatly in ensuring a balanced view on any issue is achieved. Moreover, the community will feel co-operative since its input has been considered in the process of making decisions that impact directly on the lives of community members. State officials in North Carolina should respect the US and State constitution while at the same time involving the community in the process of implementing section 287(g) of the INA act.
Under what situations might outsourcing of EC services not be desirable? Research Paper college essay help
Everyone wants to outsource some works to third parties. It is necessary when business owners want to focus on their high-level jobs. However, there are certain situations under which outsourcing may not be desirable. Reasons may vary from one organization to another (Turban and King 549).
No firm would want to outsource EC business when the cost of outsourcing is too high. In most cases, businesses outsource some jobs in order to cut costs related to permanent staff and training of IT staff. However, under rare situations, the cost of outsourcing could be expensive, especially for startups.
Core business competencies
Firms should not outsource their core business competencies. This is where the competitive advantage of a company is. Firms use such competitive advantages to achieve their strategic objectives and missions. Thus, any attempt to delegate or transfer such jobs to a third party could compromise the main reason for business existence.
Dynamic business functions
There are business functions, which are highly dynamic and difficult to predict in terms of risk factors. For instance, customer service has become unpredictable as customers have become demanding and dynamic. Thus, such services should remain in-house because the service provider may lack the capacity to meet such challenging and dynamic roles.
Changes in management
Outsourcing should not take place during shifts among top executives. The incumbent team is the best for facilitating implementation of the process because it understands the company’s core business and the need for outsourcing.
Outsourcing is an undertaking that requires dedicated resources like time, finance, planning, and implementation with supportive leadership. Thus, firms should put on hold all outsourcing plan when there are changes in management team, until the new executive articulates business mission and the need for outsourcing.
Some firms undertake major restructuring. This might not be the best time to outsource services. Usually, when the economy is weak, some organizations may embark on internal restructuring as a way of cutting costs, reducing hierarchies, eliminating unprofitable units, consolidating, transferring staff, and refinancing operations among other initiatives. On the other hand, firms may start new operations in a strong economy without negative impacts on the business.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When firms undertake such restructuring programs, they should avoid any outsourcing without adequate orientation. Under such situations, any attempt to outsource services could result in high risk by distracting employees, executives and introducing complications in the system. Thus, any outsourcing plan should be under the management plan of senior executives so that they can have adequate concentration, stable operations, and adequate time to allow them to achieve the desired results from outsourcing.
Firms should not outsource knowledge-based functions. This is an intellectual capital, which should stay in-house. A knowledge-based economy depends on a competitive advantage. Thus, any organization must be able to control its internal business secrets and develop new concepts out of experience and skills.
Core functions that do not require any form of risks
Some risks may hamper the delivery of core functions to a firm. This is risky in situations where foreign firms provide outsourcing services. For instance, countries with political risks may undermine attempts to deliver services and payment. Thus, the firm must have special ways of mitigating and managing risks. Although such risks could be manageable, they may consume time and other resources.
Works Cited Turban, Efraim and David King. Electronic Commerce 2012: Managerial and Social Networks Perspectives. 7th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.
The Role of Communication in the Relationships Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The way people communicate is extremely important, especially in a marriage, as individuals can get lost in the routine and daily responsibilities. An article “Can we talk? Researcher talks about the role of communication in happy marriages” examines the issue of what happens to couples and how to avoid the distancing that takes over the relationship.
One of the most problematic areas for married couples is the content of their conversation. It must be centered on their individuality and personal problems. People must look deeper, past the surface of the daily duties that involve children, family matters and work.
They must disclose personal information and this will lead to proper communication and understanding. It is very possible to relate to the article and advice given because in the modern world, people often get preoccupied with the fast pace that is required by their work, responsibilities and necessities of life (Sole, 2011).
From a personal point of view, there have been several times when a situation did not get resolved due to a simple misunderstanding. For example, a choice of restaurant was offered and a person who offered the type of restaurant did not really see the difference between many kinds of places.
Their partner did not want to offend their choice and so, had to go with the offered location. Once there, the setting was not very well established and the couple had a mediocre experience. Once they got home, it turned into a minor argument where one was displeased with the place and was asking for the reasons of such a poor selection.
The person who offered that specific restaurant did not really care for the setting and so, this situation could have been avoided if both expressed their attitude towards the location. If the person displeased with the setting had honestly admitted about their dislike, a different selection of the restaurant could have been made.
This shows how important it is to express personal feelings. Even if there is a possibility that a person might get slightly offended, it is better to try to do it in the most kind and respectful way, as to explain own reasons and state why they do not prefer a certain choice. This would help avoid a much greater conflict and argument. Self disclosure is very important in a relationship because it allows people to express their inner emotions and likes, which will help people to get to know each other better.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Also, it will aid individuals to adjust to the interests and be able to predict what can and cannot be done in a certain situation. The similarities between genders are very obvious. Both men and women appreciate affection and honesty. Attention that is paid to details goes a long way and helps find a common ground. Both males and females have specific taste preferences for food and favorite drinks.
The amount of common likes and dislikes is enormous but most of all, both genders need and look for love and understanding from their partner. Generalizations in relation to communication are common for all. People should involve themselves in conversations more, as well as personal sharing (Schoenberg, 2011).
The human ability to transfer understanding and ideas to others is extremely important, especially in marriage and any other relationship. People should engage each other to share and relate to common interests and themes.
References Schoenberg, N. (2011). Can we talk? Researcher talks about the role of communication in happy marriages. Washington, United States: McClatchy – Tribune News Service.
Sole, K. (2011).Making connections: Understanding interpersonal communication. San Diego, United States: Bridgepoint Education, Inc
Global Health Priorities Definition Essay essay help online
Every year the World Health Organization (WHO) collects health information from all member states. The health information is used to formulate both short term and long term goals.
This information is then shared with all stakeholders. Based on this information, priority areas are selected and appropriate interventions formulated. Health priorities vary from region to region but there are some that are generally considered to be universal. This paper will discuss the global health priorities. It begins with a brief overview of the health related millennium development goals (MDG).
The WHO has traditionally formulated global health priorities using the millennium development goals. The millennium development goals related to health include MDG 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 (WHO, 2013). MDG 1 is concerned with childhood malnutrition especially reduction of underweight while MDG 4 focuses on child health and immunization. MDG 5 is concerned with maternal and reproductive health. The health aspects covered in MDG 6 include malaria, tropical diseases, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS.
The seventh millennium development goal covers water and sanitation. Global health priorities emerge from the MDGs. Some health concerns are confined to some regions but due to huge socioeconomic burden they exert on communities, they qualify to be regarded as global health concerns. Other health priorities include universal health coverage and access to essential medicines in all countries, healthcare for people living with disabilities, and prevention and control of non communicable diseases.
Reduction of childhood health problems is a universal priority. The emphasis is on childhood malnutrition and immunization. Other childhood diseases are also covered. Immunization is among the most effective ways of reducing childhood diseases and mortality (WHO, 2013). WHO has setup a global vaccine action plan to ensure worldwide access to immunization services.
The aim of the program is to ensure that vaccines are availed to both privileged and underprivileged communities at the same time. Child underweight is associated with maternal underweight. An underweight mother is likely to give birth to an underweight infant. Therefore, WHO advocates for weight and nutritional monitoring during the antenatal period. Diligent management of other childhood conditions and illnesses like diarrhoea is necessary for future national development.
Maternal mortality remains one of the greatest concerns of the WHO and member states. This is captured in MDG 6 which envisages improved maternal health and reduction of maternal mortality.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To achieve this, WHO requires mothers to attend antenatal clinic at least four times. It further advises that mothers should deliver in the presence of skilled birth attendants. Maternal health has a great effect on the health of an infant. Reproductive health services also contribute to improved quality of life. The World Health Organization has asked governments and other agencies concerned with maternal health to provide essential equipment and drugs to support maternal and child health.
Water and sanitation is a huge health concern. At the moment, over 1.1 billion people in the world cannot access clean water (WHO, 2013). This poses a great danger to the affected communities. There are several diseases that are associated with poor sanitation and dirty water. It is the hope of the World Health Organization that all communities will access safe water and sanitation services in the near future.
Malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are among the leading causes of preventable deaths. HIV/AIDS is a manageable disease yet it still causes huge socioeconomic burdens to communities and individuals (Chipeta, Schouten, Aberle-Grasse, 2004). The WHO has prioritized programs geared towards prevention and control of these diseases.
References Chipeta, J., Schouten, E., Aberle-Grasse, J. (2004). HIV Prevalence and Associated Factors. Retrieved from .
World Health Organization. (2013). The World health statistics 2013. Web.
Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal essay help free
Abstract The aim of this paper is to give legislators recommendation for the new bill that seeks to increase the term by double for criminals sentenced for armed robbery. Despite the state legislature argument that the bill is popular the prime question should be will the bill act as a deterrent to armed robberies? It is hard to conclude on the right recommendation in a society that believes on the adage that ‘’do the crime, do the time’’.
The effectiveness of the bill if it passes into law is hard to define if it will deter crime to offenders and potential offenders. Robbery is a crime of stealing by use of threats or force. It is also referred to as larceny. Where the offender uses a weapon inflicting injury on the victim the offender is charged as armed robbery or aggravated robbery (Schmalleger, 2012).
Armed robbery is rampant in the United States hence becoming a major concern for the society, legislature, and criminal justice system. Armed robbery is punished as a capital offense; however, sentencing is depended on several variables such as state laws and procedures, past crime record, if state has diversion program or even if there are any sentencing improvements.
This bill should seek to address crime reduction is the United States and not just a bill to deter crime. The bill will get to root cause of crime and project where crime is headed today in the United States of America. Research might bring secondary solutions that might help curb the situation and have outcomes that are more successful (Schmalleger, 2012).
In many states, the out practice has discouraged habitual crime but in others, it has had no effect. For instance, in Lincoln, Nebraska there are several inmates with more than five hundred arrests. In other states, habitual criminals spend years in prison only to get out and commit yet another crime ending up in prison again.
Although there is no warranty that this bill once passed into law will deter crime however, there are recommendations that once implemented can be of use to both society and criminals.
A strict code of conduct should be set for the convicted and those who follow and demonstrate ability to live by it once but there can be released. These procedures include behaviour modification, vocation training and education, counseling, work experience, proper nutrition and exercise. These procedures will ensure that convicts are rehabilitated rather than being incarcerated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The rehabilitation methods to be proposed in this bill include behaviour modification, training, education and vocation, work experience and proper nutrition and exercise. In some places where rehabilitation has been implemented it had failed due to lack of cogent method of implementation.
Presently, many prisoners just eat, watch TV, lift weights, and do little work. Many spent their time in the cold cells. The question that remains in many people’s minds what is the fete of those who will eventually be released. What is the recidivism rate of the prisoners if convicted? This bill should address these major goals (Schmalleger, 2012).
To many citizens and members of the state legislature, the bill should pass the clean bill of health. In the society, robbery criminals should perish in prison cells without light of the day. However, the prime goal of every judicial system and prison system is to correct and rehabilitate the convicts into good citizens so that once they are out they can serve their country patriotically. The theory and adage that do crime more time is retrogressive and time barred.
The disparity in judicial sentencing in the judicial system. This disparity is variations and equities resulting when convicted of same crime are given different sentences whether in the same State or in a different state (Schmalleger, 2012).
This disparity is unfair. There should be equal sentence for same crime. The judicial system should thus create a scorecard that is to be used when delivering sentences. This score should cut across all states and all judges. In this respect, I would wish the bill to accommodate the recommendation that all crimes receive same punishment.
Probation is allows an offender to get another chance. It can be given in addition to the normal jail term. It allows an offender to join his community with supervision from his/her probation officer. The probation officer sets the terms such as classes, curfews, and monitoring.
This is a well thought out recommendation, as it is not every offender is a repeat offender (Schmalleger, 2012). We cannot lay a blanket judgement that all are capable of doing a repeat offense that is what this bill seeks to achieve. Where a first time offender gets double maximum prison term by just committing their first crime, this will seem like the system doesn’t want them o prove themselves. This is not a good point on part of the offender.
We will write a custom Proposal on Prison Term Policy Recommendation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Parole is a recommendation where an offender sentenced to jail has the ability to get another chance of redeeming himself. It involves amnesty to those who have displayed good habits and frequently reports to the authority (Schmalleger, 2012).This recommendation will help in cutting down tax payers money spend on offenders besides giving offenders room for reformation and correction to patriotic citizens. In this regard, the bill should not pass the clean bill of health on the floor of the house.
Reference Schmalleger, F. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction. (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Biological Criminal Behaviour Essay best essay help: best essay help
Over the years, crime rate has been on the rise. The increase in crime rate has resulted in criminal behaviours becoming one of the world’s biggest challenges. Most governments have invested heavily in measures to combat crime, but at times, the investments resulted in no effect or have had little effect.
The failed efforts have prompted research about the root causes of criminal behaviours in hominids. The outcomes of the analytic studies have attributed criminal actions to genetics, psychology, and environmental factors.A child brought up in an environment with high crime cases may have his or her morals corrupted. Children living in a drug-infested zone tend to engage in drugs-related criminal actions because of peer influence (Alper, 1995).
The biological composition of an individual is also one of the major determinants of a person’s behaviour. In some families, the insanity has been identified to be hereditary and the genes causing insanity transfer along a family line. Some people also tend to be naturally antisocial so their intended thoughts or actions may be camouflaged. This poses a serious threat as they at times end up committing a crime without an indication (Alper, 1995).
In various cases, insanity has been used as a defence against criminal actions. This has also led to the intervention of psychiatrists, to determine the mental condition of criminals. In various federal states, the law postulates the mental status of a criminal or offender to be a cogitated factor in determining criminal responsibility. An example of such a law is the Anglo–American law, which avers that a lunatic cannot be held legally responsible for a crime committed while in an unstable mental state (Huckabee, 2000).
Initially, the insane plea laws had been lenient as the defendant just required to prove beyond doubt that at the time of the crime, he or she remained insane. Over time, the various standards and laws set to determine the sanity of an individual have been determined to have a loophole that has enabled criminals to go unpunished. This has cost many families their loved ones besides even the United States of America losing key leaders (Huckabee, 2000).
In a case study about the death of President Reagan, Hicnkley was acquitted of the shooting. This led to condemnation from the public, prompting a revision of the insanity plea edict to avoid criminals from avoiding punishment. The revisions of the law helped reduce criminal impunity.
Furthermore, the revision catered for the rights of those who killed unwillingly or because of insanity. A psychological disorder affecting John may have prompted him to shoot Reagan and the other officials. John later claimed to have done it as a way of expressing affection for Foster (Huckabee, 2000).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The United States of America government in combating these crimes introduced laws where one could be declared guilty but mentally ill thus have to receive mental treatment through institutionalisation. After institutionalisation, offenders are taken to a facility that helps them correct behaviour.
On the other hand, if a person is acquitted of insanity, he or she has to be released once it has been determined that he is of no harm to the public. Though factors like the environment and a person’s upbringing contributes to criminality, biological composition stands also as a key factor contributing to criminality. Individuals with genes that predispose them to crime should be treated through ways that discourage the replication of bad genes.
References Alper, J. S. (1995). Biological influences on criminal behaviour: How good is the evidence? British Medical Journal, 310(6975), 272-273.
Huckabee, H. M. (2000). Mental disability issues in the criminal justice system. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas Publishers Ltd.
The Ways of Greenhouse Gases Reducing Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
List of References
Introduction Global warming is a global problem that has raised a lot of concern. This issue has attracted attention of many researchers with the aim of finding ways of address it. The environment is vital for human survival. Both plants and animals entirely depend on the environment for growth and development.
Casper (2010, p. 94) argues that since the days of industrial revolution, the environment and its resources have greatly been threatened. Industries have been reported to affect the environment at a very high rate. This is because of the high levels of greenhouse gases emitted from these industries. This situation is worsened by the fact that now many nations are developing and there is a rising level of industrialization.
The concentration of greenhouse gases in the environment is increasing on daily basis. Carbon sinks have been cleared with the increase of the high demanding population across nations. Epstein (1990, p. 121) points out that effects of global warming are evident and felt with serious damages to nations. For example, many nations are suffering from frequent floods, droughts, tornadoes, poor and unequal rainfall patterns, and many other effects resulting from global warming.
Among the developed nations, the United States and China lead in emission of the greenhouse gases and hence frequently suffer from the effect of the same. The developing countries are equally emitting high levels of greenhouse gases in their quest to develop. These emissions however produced from different nations have a global impact.
According to Ramseur and Yacobucci (2008, p. 112), the environment as said earlier is very useful for sustaining human life. For people to continue enjoying the environmental resources the environment should therefore be conserved and its resources harvested sustainably. This paper seeks to explore the ways in which greenhouse gases can be reduced to curb global warming.
Discussion With an effort to address global warming, many suggestions and ways have been raised to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Efforts to reduce greenhouse gases and avoid global warming are not a one man’s or one nation’s duty. There is need for nations to collaborate.
A participatory approach where every member of the society is involved can be very effective. Many ways can be employed to reduce emission of greenhouse gases. The governments should enact and implement policies that are geared towards reducing emissions of the greenhouse gases. These policies should strictly encourage a Zero emission of greenhouse gases. If an industry has to emit either of the greenhouse gases, a fixed level of emission that is harmless to the environment should be stated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The government should ensure that such industries, companies, and businesses report publicly on their carbon emissions. This will make the companies to be extra careful not to emit or exceed the required emission levels. Low- carbon technologies should be encouraged in all sectors to reduce greenhouse gases emission.
This may be achieved by the government offering some donations to its citizens to install low-carbon technologies like use of solar energy. A nation may also apply principles like the polluter pay principle where a company or an individual pays a certain fee for polluting the environment. Industries may be forced to pay equally to the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the environment.
This will help in making the companies and the public to be more responsible and careful in handling their emissions and other wastes. According to Casper (2010, p. 78), Carbon sinks such as forests have been cleared for agricultural purposes to provide for the needs of the daily increasing population.
Nations should create awareness to the public on the need to have small families. The importance of forests should as well be explained to communities. By so doing, these communities will consequently conserve the forests.
This will highly contribute in reducing the concentration levels for greenhouse gases. There is need for nations to encourage companies and people within the communities to practice recycling and re-use of items. Things like polythene bags may be recycled. This reduces the accumulation of such polythene bags into the environment thereby reducing the amount of emissions when they are burnt as wastes in the environment.
According to Ramseur and Yacobucci (2008, p. 78), there are many other ways although not put into consideration by many nations that can help in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases effectively.
These may include holding energy management awards, rewarding companies with zero or less emission, promoting carbon-trading, rewarding communities with well-conserved forests among others. These factors motivates companies and communities to work hard towards ensuring that they do not ,engage in ,activities that in any way leads to the emission of greenhouse gases. All these factors when applied results to a greenhouse gases free nation, thereby curbing global warming and its impacts.
We will write a custom Essay on The Ways of Greenhouse Gases Reducing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The discussion above clearly points out that environment is a source of livelihood for many lives. Reducing greenhouse gases is very important in ensuring that this environment is protected in order to ensure its sustainability. The greenhouse gases have serious negative consequences to the environment. The impact is long lasting and devastating. If not addressed properly, this issue may create a permanent negative impact on the environment.
List of References Casper, J 2010, Greenhouse gases: Worldwide Impacts, Facts on File, New York.
Epstein, J 1990, Controlling the greenhouse effect: Five global regimes compared, Brookings Institution, Washington.
Analysis of Article: “Where is Culture in Cross Cultural Research?” Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Title of the article: Fischer, R. (2009). Where is culture in cross cultural research? An outline of a multilevel research process for measuring culture as a shared meaning system. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 9(1), 25-49.
Summary of the article The article entails a comprehensive analysis on how firms’ management teams can measure culture in order to be effective in their cross cultural management practices. The author has achieved this by incorporating various multilevel approaches ( Fischer, 2009). The author has also outlined the various meaning of the word culture.
One of the dimensions that the author has focused on relates to the shared value system. Moreover, the author has outlined a research framework that HR managers can use in the process of measuring and assessing various cross cultural variables. The author has emphasized on the importance of considering culture as a collective construct.
In an effort to illustrate how culture can be measured, the author has integrated two main models which include the equivalence and organizational research models. Additionally, the author has emphasized on the importance HR managers undertaking a comprehensive analysis of culture both at an individual and national level. The author has highlighted the importance of cross cultural differences in enhancing organizational success.
For example, the article has illustrated how culture impacts the behavior and attitude of employees. Barak (2011) asserts that failure to manage cultural differences can hinder organizational sharing which is paramount in firms’ effort to attain the desired level of synergy (Einarsen, Hoel, Zapf
Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Self-defense abortion is a highly controversial moral issue that is open to different interpretations and definitions. It is unacceptable to Christians and pro-life activists. However, liberals and groups such as politicians and medical practitioners have different interpretations. Acceptance of self-defense abortion can be based on the doctrine of utilitarianism (Boonin 35).
Utilitarianism holds that individuals should make decisions that have beneficial outcomes and that do not promote suffering and pain (Shaw 64). As such, self-defense abortion is acceptable because it promotes the wellbeing of a mother who decides to abort. In addition, it protects the mother from danger and avoids exposing the unborn baby to future pain and suffering.
The practice has been debated for a long time among medical practitioners, religious leaders, law experts, and human rights activists. However, they have not reached a consensus. Self-defense abortion is moral and permissible because it protects mothers from risks of physical and non-physical harm.
Background information Self-defense abortion is performed when conception occurs due to rape or incest, when the health of a mother is in danger, or when a mother is not willing to deliver the baby because of possible emotional or traumatic experiences she might possibly experience after delivery (Boonin 37). According to the utilitarian doctrine, there is no absolute right or wrong. The moral value of an action or act is solely determined by the outcome (Shaw 68).
A proponent of utilitarianism would first consider the question whether abortion would result in favourable outcomes or not. According to the doctrine, abortion is right in case a mother’s life is in danger, the mother is unable to take care of the baby financially or if the baby is malformed (Shaw 71). In addition, it is acceptable in case a baby’s birth would endanger either the physical or the mental well-being of the mother. Abortion is also permissible if birth of a baby would cause conflict among family members.
Non-physical harm Abortion is moral and permissible if a fetus exposes the mother to risk of non-physical harm. Several situations validate acceptance of abortion as a necessary method of preserving the well-being of a mother. These include potential damage to the mother’s mental health, financial prospects, career, or family plans (Davis 177).
If birth of a child interferes with these aspects of a mother’s life, then abortion is permissible. Under these situations, self-defense abortion ignores arguments presented by religious leaders and biologists that a fetus has a right to live because even though small, it is a human being (Davis 178). It is unethical to allow a fetus to develop if a mother’s mental health is in danger.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mother’s health is priority and if birth of the child would affect her health or life quality, then abortion is permissible. Two utilitarian philosophers, Bentham and Stuart Mill, taught that by following the utilitarian doctrine, individuals should yearn for creation or increment of happiness (Shaw 78). Bentham provided a definition of happiness as presence of pleasure and absence of pain.
Emotional, psychological, and mental disturbances are common outcomes of pregnancies from rape or incest. Abortion is permissible in case of rape or incest because a woman would be unable to live with guilt and shame of raising an incestuous child or a child from a rape ordeal (Davis 183).
If a woman was forced to have a child against her will, then she has a right to abort. On the other hand, the woman may not want the child or may not have financial ability to care for the child. Therefore, the baby would suffer because it would lack motherly love and care. Instead of exposing the child to a harsh life without love and care, it is better to abort it.
Physical harm Abortion is also permissible if a fetus puts the mother in physical danger. For example, ectopic pregnancies put the mother’s life in danger of death if the fetus is not removed (Huffman 287). Ectopic pregnancy occurs when conception takes place in other places such as the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
Medical practitioners usually recommend chemical abortions to women who experience ectopic pregnancies. Research has found out that those women who experience ectopic pregnancies usually die because of health complications that develop during development of the fetus (Huffman 288). Utilitarianism denies the argument that abortion is evil. Instead, it maintains that if an outcome is pleasurable or brings greater good, then it is justified (Shaw 76).
Utilitarianism holds that the end justifies the means. According to utilitarianism, a woman may abort under any circumstance or for any reason given that the outcome of the abortion brings happiness or promotes a greater good (Huffman 291). If self-defense abortion brings happiness to a woman, then a utilitarian would consider it justified and acceptable.
Objections Opponents argue that despite the life of a mother being in danger of physical or non-physical harm, self-defense abortion is immoral, unethical, and impermissible. Even though it aims to protect the mother, it kills the unborn baby. Opponents present several arguments to validate the immoral nature of abortion.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More First, they argue that a fetus is a human being that has a right to live (McDonagh 49). Therefore, killing a fetus to alleviate a mother’s future suffering contradicts values of compassion and respect for human life. Rape and incest are not good enough reasons to allow abortion.
In addition, abortion is associated with stigmatization that makes life difficult for mothers (McDonagh 50). It exposes women to risk of developing emotional and psychological complications because of discrimination in the society. In many societies, women who abort are considered evil and outcasts. It is difficult for such women to live with guilt of killing in communities where they are discriminated and segregated.
To avoid such consequences, self-defense abortion should not be allowed because it has severe consequences on mothers. However, consequences of allowing birth of an unwanted baby are more severe. Research has shown that women who abort willingly do not develop emotional or psychological disturbances later in life. In addition, unwanted children go through a lot of suffering and hardship because their mothers abandon them later in life (McDonagh 54).
Second, they argue that abortion has severe health consequences on involved women. It causes irreparable damages to the mother. Research has revealed that abortion can affect a woman’s ability to give birth after an abortion. Examples of long-term effects of abortion include miscarriages, stillbirths, low birth-weight babies, and infertility (McDonagh 57).
On the other hand, procedures carried out during abortion expose mothers to several health complications that risk their lives and well-being. These include tearing of the cervix, fever and peritonitis, uterus perforation, thrombosis, and risk of infection during blood transfusion (McDonagh 59).
Other risks include increased possibility of tubal pregnancy and death from hemorrhage. These complications have been reported in cases where unqualified individuals conducted abortion. Abortions that are conducted by certified and experienced practitioners are safe and few cases of complications have been reported. Opponent’s arguments are not strong enough to explain why a mother should be exposed to harm by failing to conduct an abortion.
Conclusion Abortion is a contemporary moral issue that is unacceptable in many societies. Self-defense abortion takes place in cases where birth of a child puts the life of the mother at risk of either physical or non-physical danger. In addition, it is acceptable in some societies on basis that a woman has a right to chose what is best for her. The utilitarianism doctrine holds that individuals should perform acts whose consequences result in beneficial outcomes.
From that definition, self-defense abortion is allowed if it results in gratifying outcomes that avoid painful consequences. It is permissible and ethical to save a mother from physical harm such as death, and non-physical harm such as mental, emotional, or psychological disturbances. Self-defense abortion saves many women from physical, emotional, and psychological suffering. Opponents argue that abortion is unacceptable and immoral.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They argue that self-defense abortion is murder and a fetus has a right to life. In addition, they argue that it exposes women to health complications such as sterility and miscarriages in future pregnancies. However, they ignore the fact that consequences of allowing birth of an unwanted baby are more severe than aborting it. Therefore, self-defense abortion is acceptable and permissible.
Works Cited Boonin, David. A defense of Abortion. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Print.
Davis, Nancy. Abortion and Self-defense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 13.3 (2002): 175-207. Print.
Huffman, Tom. Abortion, Moral Responsibility, and Self-Defense. Public Affairs Quarterly 7.4 (2003): 287-302. Print.
McDonagh, Eileen. Breaking the Abortion Deadlock: From Choice to Consent. London: Oxford University press, 2004. Print.
Shaw, William. Contemporary Ethics: Taking Account of Utilitarianism. New York: John Wiley
The Great Depression: A Diary Essay essay help
The Great Depression: A Diary is James Ledbetter’s and Daniel Roth’s edited version of Benjamin Roth’s personal diary that he wrote during the financial crisis of the 1930s. Being a lawyer with a wife and three kids, Roth experienced the major financial crisis of his life. Until today, historians have not wrapped their mind on matters that relate to the depression of 1930-1940, and why the crisis took that long.
As a lawyer, Roth documented the confessions from his clients and that of his friends to his journal for 10 years. According to these confessions, it is evident that everyone in all lines of businesses was struggling to earn a living (Ledbetter and Daniel 88). With the prices of everything going down, bank savings getting frozen, tenants being unable to pay rent, and just everyone struggling to survive, it is obvious that the economists of the 1930s had messed up some things along the way.
Having taken so long to retain the economic status of Ohio, it was Roth’s conclusion that neither the government nor the economists were any good. He had stopped believing in anything the government said; all he heard were depressing concerns from his clients, friends, and people around him. All businesses were getting worse; people had given up on the government in reviving the economic condition, and some people lost everything in their quest to look for safer forms of investment.
Given that his job depended on the financial stability of others, Roth was caught up in a crisis that would only be solved by venturing into other investments. Just like many people, he had ideas on how to invest safely, but had no money to do so. Though there are various theories mentioned that explains the cause of the crisis, Roth clearly insists on concerns about the war that was approaching as the major interruption that affected the intervention of the government in reviving the economy, and the stock market (Ledbetter and Daniel 201).
The book is an episode that entails the events that uncovered during the most fascinating era of the American history. For this, the book fails to entertain the readers as all the happenings documented are depressing. However, this was not the intention of Benjamin Roth as he only wrote this in his journal as a reminder of how hard times were, but it was his son Daniel who took it upon himself to published the diary as a book.
The book covers very little on the normal lifestyle of the people in Youngstown before the crisis; all that it documents are the hardships that describe Ohio as a hopeless place to live. With the current form of leadership, there are great lessons to be learnt from these events that took place decades ago. Having struggled for years to bring prosperity back, Roth understands how government policies and politics affect the future.
Having lived through this crisis, the book offers sincere and factual causes of the great depression, the hardships, and prices people had to pay to survive. The book is recommended for everyone as it documents events that took place in the 1930s that might be handy in getting ready for such crisis. It is an eye opener to those that are facing the current financial crisis as it holds a historic value that helps in avoiding the repetition of the mistakes that were made decades ago.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Ledbetter, James, and Daniel Roth. The Great Depression: A Diary. 1st ed. 2009. New York: Perseus Books Group. Print.
A Discussion on Bureaucracy essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
In recent years, it is clear that the focus of many management scholars and managers have been to depict the concept of bureaucracy as unacceptable in modern-day environment.
Most notably, it is argued that bureaucracy is inflexible, reduces organizational efficiency, and is therefore completely unsuited to today’s rapidly shifting world (Grey 2013). The general trend, therefore, has been to replace bureaucracy with flexible organizations that are viewed as more suitable for our increasingly fast-changing business environment. The present paper purposes to assess this view, with the objective of demonstrating that bureaucracy is still relevant in modern-day environment.
One of the reasons proposed for adopting modern paradigms of management (post-bureaucracies) is that they stimulate creativity and innovation by allowing people to act on the basis of shared values than rules (Grey 2013).
While such a predisposition has borne fruits for companies such as Google and Yahoo, it cannot escape mention that lack of rigid rules in organizations was substantially to blame for financial crisis that rocked the world in 2008-2009, and also for the subsequent downfall of big corporations such as the Lehman Brothers, Enron and the Bank of Scotland.
A critical analysis demonstrates that non-hierarchical, personally focused and trust-based organizations reminiscent of post-bureaucracies played a substantial role in triggering the banking bubble that led to the financial crisis.
Another reason progressed by pundits of the post-bureaucracy paradigm is that the bureaucratic approach is dehumanizing and degrading to employees. In attempting to supplant bureaucracy, these pundits argue modern-day flexible organizations should always ensure that responsibilities are assigned on the basis of competence for tasks rather than hierarchy, and that employees should be treated fairly as individuals rather than impersonally (Grey 2013).
However, previous research done on companies such as Nippon CTV (utilizes new forms of management such as lean production, just-in-time approach etc) and ValleyCo (uses traditional practices) found substantial similarity between ‘traditional’ and ‘new’ forms of working in things such as employee treatment and participation, task assignment and hierarchy (Grey 2013). This evidence demonstrates that bureaucracy is still implemented in modern-day organizations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moving on, advocates of modern-day flexible firms argue that “post-bureaucracy does away with the turgid old nonsense about impersonality, yearly promotions and fixed salary scales in favor of individual treatment where reward is based on merit” (Grey 2013, p. 84). These are noble virtues for any organization, but implementing them boils down to the fact some rules must first be put in place to determine, for instance, how employees will be rewarded and which measure will be used.
Consequently, it is evident that bureaucracy must be present for flexible firms to be able to operate efficiently and effectively. If these so called flexible organizations fail to adopt bureaucracy to implement practices, they will certainly dysfunction as fairness, consistency and transparency will not be achieved (Grey 2013).
The last reason deals with change management. While it is evident that bureaucratic organizations have been overly accused of resisting change efforts, it should not escape mention that the so called flexible organizations equally resist change.
Indeed, there has been a misconceived perception that post-bureaucracies respond quickly to change and therefore are more efficient by virtue of being faster than bureaucracies. Another misconception is that change is a new concept and therefore modern organizations need to be flexible enough to deal with the fast-changing environment (Grey 2013).
However, the truth is that change has been there since time immemorial and organizations using the ‘old’ approaches encountered shifts in the environment in as much as modern-day organizations are encountering. To drive this point home, research demonstrates that over 70% of change efforts implemented by the so called flexible organizations result in failure (Grey 2013).
In conclusion, therefore, it can be said that bureaucracies are still relevant in modern-day environment and the solution for the increasingly fast-changing environment cannot be found in the adoption of flexible organizations. Rather, managers must adopt the technical efficiency provided by bureaucracy and then attempt to align their firms with factors both internal and external of the organization’s environment.
Reference Grey, C 2013, A very short, fairly interesting and reasonably cheap book about studying organizations, 3rd edn, Sage, London
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How war is depicted in films of different generations Essay best college essay help
There is a sharp contrast in the manner in which war is portrayed when comparing old generation and new generation movies. These differences are attributed to changes in technology and the tactics employed to tackle war. The general perception of war has also contributed to this contrast, taking an example of the movies; “Top Gun” a war movie produced in 1960s and released in 1986, and “Taxi to the Dark Side” produced in 2003 and released in 2007, to illustrate these differences.
In the 1960s, war was depicted as a measure of sovereign might and power. In the “Top Gun”, Maverick, a naval aviator lieutenant, develops a reckless flying habit because he is angered by his father’s death during the Vietnam War (Top Gun 1965). He does this to prove he might and even differs from fellow military men. He also engages in combat with every person who differs with his personal opinion.
Although, Maverick is considered the finest fighter pilot in the world, he finally leaves the Navy and goes on to fight its top command. This causes a great rift between him and the Navy. Nevertheless, he is sought after later since he is the only person with the expertise to rescue a stricken communication ship. This justifies his course of war, and the indispensable powerful personality. This portrayal can be as a result of just having come from the World War II, where the most powerful nation was the one with the best military prowess (Taxi to the Dark Side 2007).
On the contrast, new generation war movies portray war as a justified action taken to protect its citizens or help fight a social vice as portrayed in “Taxi to the Dark Side”. An innocent taxi driver is tortured to death by the United States military personnel in their quest to extract valuable information about terrorists who had attacked the states. Although innocent, the military personnel take no heed to the driver’s cry of innocence. This depicts the extent to which the military is committed in rooting out terrorism.
They are determined to employ even the dirtiest tactic including assault and torture of detainees. These movies focus on the root cause of war unlike the earlier show of military supremacy, this change can be attributed to the establishment of human rights and civilian organizations which were not there in 1960s. The two generations are both against unwarranted wars between states which may expose innocent civilians to inhuman conditions and only advocate for war when there is a genuine threat to be eradicated (Top Gun).
A clear similarity between the two generations in the production of the war movies is that, in both cases, war is employed as the last resort of dispute resolution. In the earlier case, lieutenant Maverick only resorted to war when there was no amicable resolution to the disagreement between him and the Navy led by Lieutenant Tom “Iceman” Kasansky (Top Gun).
In the second case, the United States military resolves to war as the only available option to fight terrorists believed to be hiding in Afghanistan. The innocent taxi driver is tortured to death because he fails to cooperate with the military. In the two periods, war is also associated with the elite in society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The civil populations in both cases are innocently affected by the war as in the case of Charlie and the beautiful lady in Top Gun, who pass on when Maverick and Kasansky engage in battle and the innocent taxi driver who is tortured to death in The Taxi to the Dark Side (Taxi to the Dark Side).
Works Cited Taxi to the Dark Side. Dir. Alex Gibney. Perf. Alex Gibney, Brian Keith and Allen Moazzam. New York: THINKFILM, 2007. Film.
Top Gun. Dir. Tony Scott. Perf. Tom Cruise, Kelly McGillis, Val Kilmer, Antony Edwards and Tom Skerrritt. California: Paramount Pictures, 1965. Film.