Fahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury Essay Essay Help Online

Table of Contents The Summary of the Novel

The Main Characters and Theme

Personal Opinion

Conclusion

Bibliography

Footnotes

An American writer Ray Bradbury is one of the most famous authors of the 20-21 centuries and one of the most ingenious anti-utopians in the world. In his works, the writer often discusses the topic of the human future and the inevitable degradation of people due to the loss of spirituality. Bradbury describes heroes living in the city of the future, where reading books is forbidden, and also predicts technical changes and moral problems of society in his dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. The purpose of this essay is to provide a summary of the book, analyze the main characters and the central theme of the paper, and, finally, present a personal opinion about Fahrenheit 451.

The Summary of the Novel Ray Bradbury wrote his famous, thrilling, and thought-provoking novel in 1953. The impetus for its creation was the burning by the Nazis of books by authors that they disliked. The writer perceived these cruel acts as a personal tragedy and portrayed the experience in his anti-utopian work. Moreover, “the novel reflects Bradbury’s concerns about censorship and conformity during a period when a free expression of ideas could lead to social and economic ostracization.”1 The future society described in the dystopia receives information from huge television screens, radios, and other distributors of state propaganda. Books that let people think about actions happening around and within society are banned in this world. Any house in which firefighters find books is to be burned. It helps the government subjugate people and eradicate any manifestations of discontent and disagreement. However, very few individuals can see reality as it is, they do not agree with the state, and secretly read books.

The main character of the novel is fireman Guy Montag, who loves the profession and has no doubt in the correctness of his beliefs. His job is to find books and burn them together with the houses of those people who dared to keep them. One day he meets an extraordinary girl Clarisse, who opens his eyes to what is happening in the world. Unconsciously, Montag understands that human communication is more than an exchange of memorized remarks. A meeting with Clarisse makes the protagonist take a fresh look at the life he leads and realize that he is unhappy. Montag has a wife Mildred, a peculiar woman who stares at wall-sized screens all day and does not want to have children.2 There is no emotional connection and feelings between spouses; they do not understand each other.

Fleeting meetings with Clarisse change Montag’s mind, he begins to reflect on the correctness of his actions, the situation in the country, and relations with the wife. At work, the main character feels miserable, does not want to burn books, and destroy people’s houses. His whole stereotypical world crumbles, and Clarisse is the only humane person in his life. However, Montague soon finds out that his friend is dead – she has been hit by one of the fast cars. It makes him realize that the time to act has come, and he talks about books to his wife and her girlfriends. Having no support, he meets Professor Faber, who has long been suspected of reading books. The wife and her girlfriends report on Guy, and firefighters burn his house.3 To save Faber, who the boss learned about, Montague directs the flamethrower at his boss and the team.

Furthermore, Montag is declared a state criminal, and he has to leave the city. With the help of Faber, he finds people who read books and try to transfer their knowledge to future generations. Concurrently, the country undergoes shock – enemy bombers appear over the city abandoned by the main character.4 They ruin this miracle of technological thought and start an imminent war. Thus, the writer demonstrates a consumer society that has lost the ability to think independently, analyze what is happening, and also shows the possible results of such life.

The Main Characters and Theme Guy Montag is the protagonist of the book, a firefighter whose main task is to burn prohibited literature. Montag is not defined in his moral principles; he cannot find an ideal in the socio-cultural values ​​of society. Throughout the book, he radically changes his point of view about his profession, future, and destiny. Mildred is Montag’s wife and one of the ordinary residents of a metropolis who does not have their own opinion. She obeys modern rules of the society, and her greatest passion is the TV wall. Neighbor Clarissa is a young girl brought up in an extraordinary “traditional” family with an independent opinion, love to nature, and books. She is the person who makes Guy rethink his actions and change his life.

The central theme of the novel Fahrenheit 451 is the role of a book in human life. Ray Bradbury demonstrates a consumer society that has lost the ability to think independently, analyze, and conclude. 5 Books have useful information from our ancestors, which people should adopt to move forward and avoid the mistakes of the past. The author discusses such issues as manipulating society through the media, excessive enthusiasm for technological progress, and the replacement of moral values with consumer ones.6 Bradbury wants to convey a simple idea – the future described in the novel is inevitable if we destroy the previous experience, freedom of thought, art, and the desire to think and learn something new.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Personal Opinion Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury is worth reading and thinking about it over at any age. It is likely that through the utopia, the writer shows a world that can be a reality if people refuse to read literature. According to Bradbury, “It is a reminder that what we have is valuable, and that sometimes we take what we value for granted.”7 Moreover, the author proves the need for communicating and creating common family interests. Many people are addicted to their gadgets; they ignore the importance of family relations becoming lonely and insensitive. However, relatives should help in stressful situations, support, and understand each other. Unfortunately, there is no family and love between Guy and Mildred in this novel. They are physically close, but completely alien emotionally to one another.

Conclusion To sum up, Ray Bradbury’s science fiction novel introduces readers to the world of a possible near future. A government easily manipulates a society that cannot think and reflect. It is the reason why literature is prohibited by the law of a totalitarian regime, which makes destroy books immediately. It is precisely the future that awaits people if they continue to exist as a rapidly developing consumer society.

Bibliography Bradbury, Ray. Fahrenheit 451. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2013.

Scott, Alisha Grace. “A Comparison of Dystopian Nightmares and Utopian Dreams: Two Paths in Science Fiction Literature That Both Lead to Humanity’s Loss of Empathy.” Journal of Science Fiction 1, no. 3 (2017): 40-54

Study Guide for Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451. Michigan: Gale, Cengage Learning, 2015.

Yılmaz, Recep. “A Study of “The Other” in Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451.” International Journal of Media Culture and Literature Year 1, no. 2 (2015): 27-44.

Footnotes Study Guide for Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 (Michigan: Gale, Cengage Learning, 2015), 1.

Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2013), 13.

Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451, 136.

Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451, 180.

Alisha Grace Scott, “A Comparison of Dystopian Nightmares and Utopian Dreams: Two Paths in Science Fiction Literature That Both Lead to Humanity’s Loss of Empathy,” Journal of Science Fiction 1, no. 3 (2017): 47.

Recep Yılmaz, “A Study of “The Other” in Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451,” International Journal of Media Culture and Literature Year 1, no. 2 (2015): 28.

Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451, 10.

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A Christmas Carol of Dickens: Never Too Late for a Change of Heart Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Plot Summary

Scrooge and his redemption path

There is always time for changing

Conclusion

Bibliography

Footnotes

Charles Dickens, a classic English, became famous thanks to plenty of renowned literary works. Among them, the readers can find A Christmas Carol, a ghost story-styled novella about the Christmas changes of an old moneybag Ebenezer Scrooge, published in 1843. Researches note that despite the small size of the book, it quickly gained attention and brought even greater fame to its author1. With a more in-depth look, one can find several Victorian-era aspects of the author, but the vital point of the book appears to be its moral sense. This side of the book promotes the possibilities to cleanse one’s sins and correct the wrongdoings.

Plot Summary The story is set up in London, right before Christmas Eve. Ebenezer Scrooge, a greedy banker, does not enjoy the preparations for the holiday since he values only money. Nor does Scrooge approve the activity of his clerk Bob Cratchit who asks to dismiss him sooner, and his nephew Fred who unsuccessfully asks uncle to join the party. However, Scrooge is oblivious to the significant changes that will happen soon.

At first, the greedy elder is approached by the ghost of his deceased business colleague Jacob Marley. The spirit laments about his heavy punishment in the afterlife and gives Scrooge a warning that his partner still has a chance to regret the greediness. For this reason, according to Marley, several more ghosts will visit Scrooge and make him reconsider. Afterward, the character runs through three series of visions when the spirits of Christmas.

The first Ghost of the Christmas Pas reminds Scrooge about the days of his youth. Back in school, he was not wealthy but enthusiastic and hopeful. However, business affairs and financial success began to twist Scrooge. The course of events even led to the breakup with his fiancée Belle. Then, the second Ghost of the Christmas Present guides Scrooge to the houses of both Fred and Bob. The former and his friends enjoy the party and laugh about the miser uncle. The latter and his family happily celebrate the holiday, despite their poverty and illness of Bob’s son Tiny Tim. The Christmas Ghost warns Scrooge that Tim will likely not survive to the next year and that the man should fear his Ignorance and Want.

Finally, the Ghost of the Christmas future shows Scrooge the flashforward of the next Christmas. He learns about the death of an unknown person, but nobody mourns. The colleagues agree to visit the funeral only if treated with a meal, and the person’s attendants take away the belongings while mocking the stranger’s cupidity. Then, Scrooge is informed about Tim’s death and finds himself in a cemetery. He realizes that the deceased one is nobody else but himself. The events make Scrooge promise he will change his life to prevent such an outcome.

In the finale, Scrooge awakens in his bed and is happy to feel he is still alive. As the first acts of change, he sends a Christmas turkey to Bob and visits Fred’s celebration, surprising everyone. Eventually, the city came to known Scrooge “as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man” (Dickens, 2018, p. 172)2. Even more, Scrooge has helped Tiny Tim to recover and became like a second father to the boy.

Scrooge and his redemption path The main character of the plot is Ebenezer Scrooge, a money giver described by Dickens as “a tight-fisted hand at a grindstone”3. Hence, the story itself appears to be an arc of redemption for a greedy and uncaring person, who is unfazed by the joy of everyday life, including Christmas. Nevertheless, as everyone knows, holidays are considered the days when miracles happen, and Scrooge’s change of heart is exactly the kind of a miracle.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Christmas Ghosts, though magical, represent the periods of Scrooge’s life: youth, present time, and probable future. In the first vision, the character relives the moment when he came to be such a stingy and discontent man as currently. In the second one, Scrooge discovers mockery and hate of his person in social groups, as well as the fact that everyone is happy about Christmas except him. In the end, Scrooge realizes that the consequences of his ignorance would not only lead to his grave, but his image without virtues would stay forgotten. Thus, according to Chitwood. Scrooge can be considered “as a model of psychological complexity”4 Since the entire Christmas Carol is, in fact, a reflection of his life. However, only after seeing himself in a mirror or from a side perspective, Scrooge can fully repent.

The ways of Scrooge’s redemption would not be possible without the circle of the characters closest to him. The ghost of Marley represents the punishment of the afterlife that can await the moneybag. Bob Cratchit, a poor clerk, desperately trying to keep his family happy, makes Scrooge reconsider whether real happiness lies in money. Moreover, because of Bob’s financial problems, his employer feels responsible for the illness and possible death of Tiny Tim. Nonetheless, Scrooge’s nephew Fred remains one of the few who welcome Scrooge, despite his constant rejection. What is also essential, Fred reminds Scrooge about his youthful self who treated the life with optimism, yet the main character failed to comprehend the parallel before the Ghosts’ arrival.

There is always time for changing Of course, Dickens did not mean for the book to represent only one idea or theme at a time. It muses about multiple problems, including family values and the importance of Christian holidays in one’s household, which, according to Hancock (2016), somewhat diminished during the industrialization period 5. But the redemption mentioned earlier can be considered a central theme of the book. Its process does happen under the influence of Christian morals, but they seem to be the instrument instead of the cause. If one looks on Scrooge in the beginning and then on his personality in the finale, the drastic contrast demonstrates everyone’s ability to move forward, whatever the background and age. So, Scrooge’s promise of change after seeing the possible end represents that the change of heart can happen even in the elder days.

Besides, there is one additional but essential aspect of Scrooge’s resolve. The story shows that there is nothing predestined in one’s life. For this reason, one can view Scrooge as a broken and battered man who accepts his fate, but after seeing the consequences, he decided to fight it. Eventually, the vision of the Future Christmas did not come true precisely because of Scrooge’s actions to prevent it.

Conclusion To sum up, A Christmas Carol of Dickens is one of his famous writings about the miraculous transformation of a former moneybag Scrooge to a joyful philanthropist. The entire plot is centered around his path to redemption, which becomes possible not only with miraculous Christmas Ghosts but with Scrooge reflecting on his life and finally noticing the joy of the close ones. Thus, the book is meant to present hope for a heart change even later in life, as well as the power to prevent the worst outcomes of one’s actions.

Bibliography Chitwood, Brandon. “Eternal returns: A Christmas Carol’s Ghosts of Repetition.” Victorian Literature and Culture 43, no. 4 (2015): 675–687.

Dickens, Charles. Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol: A Book-To-Table Classic. New York, NY: Penguin Books, 2018.

We will write a custom Essay on A Christmas Carol of Dickens: Never Too Late for a Change of Heart specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hancock, Philip. “A Christmas Carol: A Reflection on Organization, Society, and the Socioeconomics of the Festive Season.” Academy of Management Review 41, no. 4 (2016): 755–765.

Welch, Bob. 52 little lessons from a Christmas Carol. Nashville, Tennessee: Nelson Books, 2015.

Footnotes 1 Bob Welch, 52 little lessons from a Christmas Carol (Nashville, Tennessee: Nelson Books, 2015), 1.

2 Charles Dickens, Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol: A Book-To-Table Classic (New York, NY: Penguin Books, 2018), 172.

3 Charles Dickens, Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol: A Book-To-Table Classic (New York, NY: Penguin Books, 2018), 4.

4 Brandon Chitwood, “Eternal returns: A Christmas Carol’s Ghosts of Repetition,” Victorian Literature and Culture 43, no. 4 (2015): 675.

5 Philip Hancock, “A Christmas Carol: A Reflection on Organization, Society, and the Socioeconomics of the Festive Season,” Academy of Management Review 41, no. 4 (2016): 757.

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Violence and Justice in The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connell Essay argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Critical points of Richard Connell’s biography

Summary of the novel and the analysis of Sanger Rainsford

The analysis of antagonist General Zaroff

The symbolic undertone of the plot

Reference List

The destructive power of the conflict in terms of human history is vividly manifested in The Most Dangerous Game novel written by Richard Connell in 1924. It is a strangely unique short narrative, depicting multiple conflicts throughout the entire plot with the battling nature of the main characters. More specifically, Rainsford, a big-game hunter from New York and Zaroff, a Russian aristocrat, and the society itself. As the man who fought in the war himself, Connell created a story where one can sense the disastrous effect of the experienced violence. Considering this, the novel conveys the overall impact of the brutality on the minds of human beings, as part of society, by raising a question of the justifiable murder.

Critical points of Richard Connell’s biography The celebrated American writer Richard Connell was born in Poughkeepsie, New York. He was a Harvard-trained newspaper reporter and an insatiable reader. Connell started writing since his early years and became an editor volunteer for the newspaper. He created an abundant heritage with more than 300 short stories over his comparatively short 30-year writing career (Grobman et al., 2016). At an older age, he published many novels and short stories, among which was The Most Dangerous Game that brought him imperishable fame (Babamiri, 2017, p.1). The idea of the literary masterpiece is about losing self-control, about fear and frustrations, about the culture forming and civilization issues, as well as the adverse outcomes after the passage of the war.

Summary of the novel and the analysis of Sanger Rainsford The story portrays the protagonist Sanger Rainsford, a young American writer and a world-renowned big-game hunter with the adventurous spirit. Rainsford, with another hunter Whitney, is sailing through the Caribbean on their way to Brazil, where they aimed to hunt jaguar up the Amazon River. As a combat veteran of World War I, Rainsford courageously endures the unfortunate accident of the shipwreck that occurs late one night and brings him to the rocky shore of the island.

After the deepest sleep of his life and more exploration, Rainsford discovers, what seemed a mirage, a remarkable vision of northern European luxury and excess (Thompson, 2018, p. 2). He meets General Zaroff in his mansion, the man, who is passionate about only one thing in life, the hunt, and is already familiar with the Rainsford’s achievements. Considering him as a new victim, Zaroff is genuinely honest about his passion as he opens up about his preference for hunting the kind of animal that brings reason, which he called the “big game.” The next morning Rainsford is being told about the Zaroff’s mission to be hunted and, petrified, Rainsford departs and decides to outsmart the Russian aristocrat. After a continuing cat-and-mouse play with each other, several traps and injuries, Rainsford defeats General Zaroff in his mansion.

Connell’s novel challenged the basic principles of morality with its gruesome plot. According to Romagnoli, the novel is addressing the conflict in all of its flavors and is used as a literary trope (2017, p. 27). The writer conveyed the strong battling nature of both of the characters. Sanger Rainsford is an ardent big game hunter, who is swimming to the shore with the firm will to survive and is fully prepared for such an experience based on his past. He meets Zaroff, the island’s only civilized inhabitant, a man who is as much passionately devoted to hunting as Rainsfordand is. He gives Sanger an intimidating ultimatum to withstand a three-day deadly fight of human versus human or more accurately hunter versus hunted. Another case of the battling nature is manifested when Rainsford doubts his ability to avoid being killed.

The analysis of antagonist General Zaroff General Zaroff, on the other hand, is a man who also experienced the war and seen a lot of dead people in front of himself. Consequently, his past affected his mental health and psych, however, in a very contrary way. Zaroff does not hesitate to become a murderer and shows no respect for other people’s lives, which makes him potentially dangerous for the protagonist Rainsford.

Zaroff hunting Rainsford and his “perverted philosophy of how hunting people are not ethically justified by society” is another sign of the battling nature (Romagnoli, 2017, p. 27). He claims that God made him a hunter, and his hand was made for a trigger, which was initiated by his father at the very young age of Zaroff. His sickly passionate hunting made it boring for General Zaroff to hunt animals and led him to hunt the people instead. While the protagonist and antagonist are equally matched in skills, for the “antagonist, who was hunting animals had long outlived his challenge, and only a new animal capable of reasoning would test his skills” (Grobman et al., 2016, p.191). Human beings amuse Zaroff in the way that they bring reasons, and he can demonstrate his power to them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The symbolic undertone of the plot The events of the novel take place in the jungle, which the author symbolically interprets in order to show the corrupted civilization. Following the ideas of Babamiri, the wild and ungovernable habitat of the jungle assumes the role of the “powerful symbol of Zaroff’s tangled psyche, and the chaos within the island” (2017, p.284). It also symbolizes the constraint and loss of control by Rainsford, as it disrupts his attempt to return to civilization. With the lack of rules, the jungle is not the place for humans to inhabit, because it makes them forget that they are first of all humans.

Under the absence of any societal rules, the hunter is more likely to lose both his moral and human principles. Besides, in such conditions, he inclined to nurture the atrocity into his soul. Such an outcome was a direct post effect of the war that made General Zaroff a real animal with no sympathy for others (Babamiri, 2017). Passing through the war ruined the power of civilization and its cultural values. Even though civilization existed for a long time, it was modified by new cultural values. Babamiri states that “culture is the advancement in a civilization, but civilization is a state of social culture” (2017, p.280). Referring to the question of the war effect on the minds of the main characters that embody the writer himself, it caused them to eliminate the limits of self-restraint that were respected before.

The central concept of The Most Dangerous Game, as intended by the author, is the notion of the absolute most dangerous game, which is human versus human. Rainsford versus Zaroff is the central conflict in the novel of two adventurous and courageous men, unified by the passage of war but separated by fundamentally different effects of the violent interpersonal background. Considering the wild environment issues of the jungle, one can trace the striking impact and gap of human manifestation. Connell is questioning the role of civilized society, as a good impact on Rainsford, despite his passion for animal hunting. Thus, the absence of it was a bad impact on Zaroff, who voluntarily chose the solitude in ungovernable habitat, which led to the horrific violence towards humans that was paid off in terms of justice.

Reference List Babamiri, N. (2017) ‘The revival of the underscored value of life and lost civilization in The most dangerous game.’ International review of humanities and scientific research, 2(2), pp.279-286.

Grobman, S., Cerra, A. and Young, C. (2016) The second economy: the race for trust, treasure and time in the cybersecurity war. New York: Apress.

Romagnoli, A. (2017) ‘The man with identities’, in S. Eckard, (ed.) Comic connections. Analyzing Hero and Identity. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, pp.23-28.

Thompson, T. (2018) Potemkin Redux: Richard Connell’s “The Most Dangerous Game”. ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes and Reviews. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0895769X.2018.1537837

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Training and Development in International Organizations Essay essay help online: essay help online

In the modern world, quickly developing technologies and innovations are an essential part of any successful business. To stay competitive, organizations need not only to invest in cutting-edge equipment but also to engage their employees in lifelong learning to ensure that workers possess the necessary knowledge and practical skills to thrive in the world of constant change. That is why many big companies attach great importance to planning and implementing learning activities that would increase the expertise and capability of their employees.

While creating effective training programs can be hard on its own, the shaping of the learning and development policies is further complicated by globalization, as multinational companies have to consider how specifics of a particular country might affect the learning progress and outcomes. This paper will discuss the benefits of conducting employee training in internationally operating organizations, possible difficulties that can arise in the context of multicultural learning, and the employee development strategies that can be used by multinational companies either locally or centrally, depending on their aspirations.

Both organizations and individual workers can benefit from corporate employee training programs. For a company, the main advantages are increased productiveness, motivation, and satisfaction of employees, which are likely to lead to a general improvement of the work of an organization. For instance, a study of Nairobi firms by Lyria, Namusonge, and Karanja (2017) demonstrated that there was a significant positive correlation between the company’s use of learning and development practices and its organizational performance as measured by profits and growth. Additionally, through internal learning programs, multinational companies can make sure that specific gaps in knowledge and skills that stem from cultural or educational differences are adequately addressed. Employees, on the other hand, profit from learning programs by developing new skills and trying themselves at different tasks and roles, which may lead to a promotion or increase their employability outside a company. Also, high-quality talent management practices might motivate workers to expand their knowledge even further, bringing additional benefits to both a firm and its employees. Given many gains that learning and development activities can bring to a company, any international organization that aspires to be successful in the modern world of technologies should not spare its financial resources and time on growing the potential of its workers.

When devising training programs for their employees, multinational companies have to take into account multiple factors that can affect the effectiveness of learning, such as educational attainment in a particular country, culture-specific work ethics, state regulations, and policies influencing employee development practices. Although cultural diversity is often a desirable characteristic of a workplace, because it enables multinationals “to generate competitive advantage through integrating ideas from their people employed in different parts of the world” (Pradhan, Jena, and Panigrahy, 2016, p. 181), it can make learning ineffective in case the cultural context was not carefully considered. As a result, the actual performance of workers might not only fail to improve but also decline. Another challenge that awaits internationally operating organizations on their way to introducing effective employee training is an incorrect implementation of corporate policies. According to Björkman et al. (2017), the issues of implementation, internalization, and integration pose severe risks to the successful transferal of talent management practices to foreign subsidies. Finally, it is essential to establish effective ways of transferring knowledge between the company’s international branches, so that valuable insights and wisdom gained from learning can be easily shared with the remaining employees.

To account for potential cultural differences between their subsidiaries, internationally operating companies should give preference to learning and development policies that are handled locally. As they are independent of other branches, such policies are useful for addressing the specific needs of employees in a given country at a given time and creating an individualized plan for development. For example, if workers experience language barriers, a company could offer tailored language courses that would focus on the topics and situations that are relevant to their daily work. Such an approach is likely to be more practical and bring more positive results compared to general language courses offered elsewhere (Qing, 2016). In a similar vein, individual assessment test of workers is a prerequisite to identifying their strong and weak sides, formulating their goals for development, and choosing the best way to achieve those goals. Research suggests that employees adapt better when their work environment is congruent with their learning styles (Armstrong and Li, 2017), which means that local policies are invaluable for the successful growth of individual workers within big organizations that operate internationally.

Unlike locally controlled policies, central policies are the same for all subsidiaries of an organization, ensuring that all employees receive the same level and quality of training regardless of their skills or previous experience. Due to this equalizing factor of centralized learning and development policies, they should be used for introducing training that is aimed at developing general competencies, such as cultural awareness or ethics training. At the same time, central policies are instrumental in familiarizing all workers with corporate rules, norms, and values. After reviewing three cases of international companies’ use of training and development as instrument for creating talent, Latukha noted that “training and development practices in emerging MNCs [multinational companies] also serve as platforms for creating shared values, which can be critical in the case of geographically diversified companies” (2016, p. 169). Thus, centralized learning and development programs offer organizations that operate internationally an opportunity to build a closely-knit community of workers who would appreciate the company’s ethics. Finally, central control might be needed for enabling intra-company learning, such as project placement or job rotations, and organizing events, like online conferences and forums where employees can share their expertise with each other.

There is no doubt that learning and development programs are highly beneficial for modern-day organizations that keep their finger on the pulse of time. Still, devising high-quality training programs can be time and energy-consuming, especially for internationally operating companies that need to remember country-specific conditions, which might influence what and how employees will learn. Depending on the learning objectives, organizations might choose to either introduce local policies that are specific to a particular geographical area or opt for general policies that are the same for all branches. While locally controlled learning practices are primarily purposed for individually tailored development of employees, centralized practices are concerned with providing all workers with the same knowledge and skills. Additionally, central control might be required for intra-company educational activities. Overall, the most effective training programs are likely to be comprised of both local and centralized learning and development policies, as such a combination offers optimal opportunities for the development of employees.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reference List Armstrong, S.J. and Li, Y. (2017) ‘A study of Anglo expatriate managers’ learning, knowledge acquisition, and adjustment in multinational companies in China’, Academy of Management Learning

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The Three Approaches to the Talent Development Reporting Essay essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

Kirkpatrick’s Four Levels of Evaluation

Phillips ROI Methodology

The Success Case Method of Robert Brinkerhoff

Choosing the Right Method for Talent Development Reporting

Reference List

Introduction The evaluation of learning efficiency has always been one of the essential tasks for workplace training professionals. The three major approaches to assessment are based on the works of three scholars: Donald Kirkpatrick, Jack J. Phillips, and Robert Brinkerhoff. The first two concepts share similar grounds and are, in many ways, complementary, while the Brinkerhoff’s model is based on entirely different principles. All three approaches have their pros and cons, and choosing the most appropriate one in each particular case may turn a challenging task.

Kirkpatrick’s Four Levels of Evaluation Donald Kirkpatrick first published his ideas on evaluating training programs in the late 50s and then developed them in his fundamental book as well as in a series of complimentary works. According to Kirkpatrick, training programs assessment is essential for several reasons. First, it provides grounds for improvement or dropping a particular curriculum. Also, evaluation is a crucial tool for measuring the performance of training offers.

At present, Kirkpatrick’s four-level model has gained full recognition in evaluating training effectiveness. As per the model, each successive stage is based on the results of the previous one, which prescribes a linear design to the assessment process (Kirkpatrick, 1994). The assessor is believed to get a precise picture of the training outcomes after all the levels are approached gradually.

At the first level, participants’ reactions to the learning experience are focalized. The trainees are encouraged to give some feedback on the relevance and efficiency of the program as well as the teaching methods employed by the tutor. The principal evaluation tools at this stage include feedback forms, post-training surveys, and questionnaires, which can provide all relevant information. A subsequent analysis of the data is aimed at detecting the program’s drawbacks and getting some hints on its improvement. Although the results obtained at the first stage are of independent significance, they also serve the grounds for the second phase of the evaluation process.

At the second level, the increase in participants’ knowledge is assessed by comparing the results of tests before and after learning. The participants’ reactions are bridged to the newly acquired competencies, skills, and attitudes. One should bear in mind that the primary goal is to reveal how the trainees have advanced owing to the new knowledge, not the experience as such (Kirkpatrick, 1994). The evaluation tools at this level are more intricate, involving various forms of testing, team assessment, and self-assessment, which are often supported by interviews and observations.

At the third level, the improvements in the participants’ daily performance are assessed. This stage is believed to provide the most reliable measurement of learning outcomes through the employment of observation and interview. As Ho et al. (2016, p. 184) stated, “observation was rated the most important and the most frequently employed method for managers in evaluating training.” However, the two methods have severe limitations. The feedback provided by the trainees and their immediate supervisors may be arbitrary and subjective, and the evaluation process is tricky at this phase.

At the fourth level, the evaluation focuses on the training outcomes concerning business results such as higher production levels, improved quality control, decreased costs, rocketed sales, lower staff turnover, decreased wastage, or increased profits. Positive changes in KPI are the only sound reason for considering investments in a training program. However, the training results are often impossible to link directly to the financial results. Hence, there are no universally applicable evaluation methods to be used at the final stage. As the assessment process may be somewhat challenging, especially at the last two levels, the selection of specific tools is to be an integral part of the training program development.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Phillips ROI Methodology Jack J. Phillips has granted Kirkpatrick’s model further development by introducing some modifications to the stages and adding a new phase called ROI. According to Phillips (2012, p. 34), the first level measures “reaction, satisfaction, and planned action,” which means the learner’s perception of the course and intention to practice the new skills. The second level evaluates the increase in knowledge and competences of the participants utilizing tests and assessments.

The third level in Phillips’ concept deals with the application and implementation of the newly acquired skills into the working process. Evaluation is spread over time and involves on-the-job observations, interviews, and focus groups. The fourth level is aimed at evaluating the training impact on business. The areas affected may include output, quality, costs, customer satisfaction, employee loyalty, and others. Operating records, such as sales volumes or decreased customers’ complains, may provide valid assessment tools at this level. Since it is not always easy to separate the training contribution from the impact produced by other factors, some isolation techniques must be employed. The fundamental limitation is the costs of extensive data collection (Keen and Berge, 2014). Besides, and some soft skills cannot be reliably measured.

The modifications at the four evaluation levels proposed by Phillips as compared to Kirkpatrick’s model are minor and insignificant. The core Phillips’ innovation is the introduction of the firths level, implying return on investments as a principal measuring tool, which compares net program benefits to the program costs. However, the calculation of ROI depends on the results obtained in the previous stages. As Ravicchio and Trentin (2015, p. 25) demonstrate, “to estimate ROI, we must first evaluate how the knowledge and skills acquired in the training course (Level II) are applied in the workplace (Level III).” There are several ROI calculations methods, and the assessor is free to choose whichever better fits his purposes and the available data.

The Success Case Method of Robert Brinkerhoff The Success Case Method developed by Robert Brinkerhoff is based on an in-depth analysis of the best and the worst results demonstrated by the trainees in a particular program. This approach is employed to assess the outcomes of training and coaching by studying stories of success and failure. The purpose is not to evaluate the average performance of the participants, but to investigate the extreme cases. The focus is placed on determining the key factors that contributed to the failure or success.

The five principle steps in Brinkerhoff’s method include planning a study; determining the features of success; conducting a survey to detect the extreme cases; interviewing and documenting the relevant cases, presenting results, and giving recommendations (Brinkerhoff, 2003). The method is recommended for large scale and long term evaluations, especially for repeated assessment of the same program.

Choosing the Right Method for Talent Development Reporting Out of the three approaches, the Phillips ROI Methodology provides a broader range of tools of data collection for Talent Development Reporting. The principle advantage of this approach is the involvement of quantitative techniques, which can be adapted to each particular case. Financial indicators, KPI, and ratios have sound grounds and are easily understood by decision-makers. Although a straightforward way to link training outcomes to specific business results does not always exist, the limitations may be diminished or eliminated by a smart modification of accurate data collection tools and methods.

Reference List Brinkerhoff, R. (2003) The success case method: find out quickly what’s working and what’s not. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

We will write a custom Essay on The Three Approaches to the Talent Development Reporting specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ho, A., et al. (2016) ‘Exploration of hotel managers’ training evaluation practices and perceptions utilizing Kirkpatrick’s and Phillips’s models’, Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality

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The Road by Cormac McCarthy Essay college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Summary of the Novel

Main Characters of the Novel

Main Themes of the Novel

Personal Opinion

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction The Road is a post-apocalyptic novel written by an outstanding American author Cormac McCarthy in 2006. It depicts the world destroyed by a global disaster, horrible activities of survived people, violence, and the unexpected love of the father and his son who travel across the country to the sea. This is the story of lost humanity and the offensive side of human nature, on the one hand, and self-sacrifice, compassion, and hope, on the other hand (Hillier, 2015). In this work, The Road will be reviewed with the provided summary, the description of the main characters and themes of the novel, and personal opinion.

Summary of the Novel An unexpected cataclysm, probably a nuclear war, destroys cities and causes the death of people, animals, and plants. The main characters, a father and son, try to cross the former territory of the United States on foot and reach the sea to survive the winter (Beathan, 2019). They are suffering from diseases and hunger, and they avoid other people as they can appear to be gangsters or marauders. The pair has a supermarket cart to carry their supplies and a revolver with only two bullets for defense. The father and son visit the town and the house of the father’s childhood. When the weather is turning colder, they meet a group of marauders. One of them threatens the boy, and the father has to shoot the marauder down; escaping from the gang, they abandon their cart.

In the ruins of the town, the main characters meet another boy who flees from them. Afterward, they enter the territory of a powerful gang, and they notice the army of equipped bandits with slaves and supplies. When the pair are searching for food, they discover crippled people locked in the cellar of an ancient manor. The father realizes that they are in the house of cannibals and quickly takes his son away. Later they discover an invaluable storage bunker with food and other supplies. After several days of regaining strength, they continue their route with a new cart and provisions. They encounter a ninety-year-old man who is very unfriendly, frightened, and suspicious of other survivors. The boy insists on sharing food and staying with him for a short time, and the older man unwillingly speaks about himself. Afterward, the father and son observe three passing men and a heavily pregnant woman. Soon, they find an abandoned camp with the remains of an eaten newborn child. The main characters begin to starve until they discover another hiding place containing supplies.

The father and son finally reach the sea, where the man investigates a boat driven ashore and discovers supplies and a signal flare pistol. The son catches a chill, and while the father is nursing him, somebody steals their cart. Later they find a man with the carriage, and the father forces him to give it back and deliver all his clothes and shoes as well. They continue their journey, understanding that the naked thief will freeze to death.

In a coastal town, the father gets injured by an arrow from a local man. The father shoots him with a signal pistol in return. Despite the man’s attempts to stitch up a wound from an arrow and move on, his condition is worsening. Finally, he apprehends he cannot continue their way and asks his son to leave him and proceed with his journey alone. The father dies in his sleep, and the son stays with him for several days. Afterward, the boy encounters a benevolent man with a wife and two siblings. The man manages to earn the boy’s trust, and the family takes him under protection.

Main Characters of the Novel The main characters of The Road are a father and his son, whose names are unknown. The father is a courageous and self-sacrificing man, but he is suffering from a severe disease and coughing with blood. Despite his condition, he dedicates his life to save his son after the apocalypse. He is continuously searching for supplies and nursing the boy. He instructs the son in how to use a weapon against marauders, assuring him they are good people who will die “Sometime. Not now” (McCarthy, 2010, p. 7). The boy spends his entire life with the father on a devastated land. His mother had been pregnant at the time of the calamity and committed suicide several years before the beginning of this storyline. She supposedly preferred to end her life not to accept the horrifying circumstances of the changing world. At the beginning of the novel, the boy is frightened and depressed, although, towards the end of it, he becomes more confident and strong. He does not forget his father after his death, “I’ll talk with you every day. And I won’t forget. No matter what,” he whispers, and keeps talking with him in prayers (McCarthy, 2010, p. 18). He continues his journey with his potential new family like his father wanted.

Main Themes of the Novel In his novel, the author colorfully describes all the horridness of the post-apocalyptic world where the lack of food and comfort, the endless winter, and numerous deaths turn few survivors into marauders, thieves, murders, and cannibals. This book invokes awareness concerning global environmental safety and international conflicts between states, which can lead to the same catastrophe (Johns-Putra, 2016). The absence of governance and law uncovers the worst sides of human nature. The survival, by all means, becomes the single purpose of every person. Though even in the cruel world, there is a place for love, and in opposition to inconceivable violence, Cormac McCarthy puts a story of the tender love between the father and son. The main characters care about each other with compassion and self-devotion. Isolation, inhumanity, and indifference around them make their love more precious. The author endeavors to show the development of a human character through the main protagonists. The son transforms from a frightened boy into a courageous young man through all experienced struggles.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Personal Opinion The Road can be defined as a novel that does not allow anyone to stay indifferent, the suspenseful storyline of which makes it highly recommendable for reading. The images of hideous human activities in austere environments provoke reflections concerning human nature. The novel encourages the reconsideration of personal behavior, actions, and relationships with other people. The story frightens with the descriptions of possible future and evokes gratitude that the modern world is better. It warns the society that people’s inattention to global issues may lead to catastrophe. The novel shows that even in the worst times, goodness, compassion, and love can stay in people’s hearts.

Conclusion The Road by Cormac McCarthy describes the traveling of the father and son across America destroyed by an unspecified, probably, nuclear calamity. Although the main characters suffer from diseases, cold and hunger, and encounter marauders, bandits, and cannibals, they love each other and show care and support. The Road is an outstanding story about love and death, despair and inner strength, unbelievable violence and self-sacrifice, isolation, and compassion. It teaches that in peaceful times, there is always a place for catastrophe, and amid cruelty, there is a place for love.

Reference List Beathan, A. (2019) Summary of The Road by Cormac McCarthy. Singapore: Abbey Beathan Publishing.

Hillier, R. M. (2015) ‘“Each the other’s world entire”: intertextuality and the worth of textual remembrance in Cormac McCarthy’s The Road’, English Studies, 96(6), pp. 670-689.

Johns-Putra, A. (2016) ‘“My job is to take care of you”: climate change, humanity, and Cormac McCarthy’s The Road’, MFS Modern Fiction Studies, 62(3), pp. 519-540.

McCarthy, C. (2010) The road. London: Picador.

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The Main Causes and Effects of Youth Violence Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Causes of Youth Violence

Effects of Youth Violence

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction Youth violence is not only a widespread social phenomenon but also a significant health problem. Homicide is the fourth most common cause of death among people aged 10-29 (Golshiri et al., 2018). Apart from this, the experience of violence may lead to other severe mental and physical disorders. Young people can also be involved in the process of violence as perpetrators, which raises the question of their psychological health as well.

Youth violence may be viewed as a cruel and harmful behavior “exerted by, or against, children and young people” (Seal and Harris, 2018, p. 23). However, it seems that similar reasons underlie the two sides of youth violence, and thus, their causes and effects may be examined together. This paper attempts to identify the main reasons behind the abuse among young people and its potential consequences for youth and society.

Causes of Youth Violence The Background

It seems evident that young people are heavily influenced by the community where they have grown up and live. People obtain their values and foundations of the worldview in childhood and adolescence. That is why youth violence can be caused by the background of those who perpetrate or experience abuse. The family has the most substantial impact on the behavior of young people, among other institutions. The family directly relates to youth violence considered as experience. Child abuse is one of the most popular forms of violence against youth. However, it is also clear that family life can lead to acts of violence committed by young people.

Bushman et al. (2016) argue that “interparental violence, chaotic family life,” and “inconsistent discipline” are among crucial risk factors of youth violence (p. 21). In other words, young people who were poorly treated in their family or witnessed some cruelty have a higher chance of becoming perpetrators. The neighborhood plays a similar role in the expansion of violence among people. Youth who live in poor areas with high levels of criminality face cruelty and abuse very often, and thus, may be severely influenced by them.

Personal Characteristics

Although the awareness of a person’s surroundings can help in predicting his or her violent behavior, there are still some other factors that may contribute to youth abuse. It is impossible to omit the fact that the social surrounding does not influence some features of personality. These traits are shared among the perpetrators and include “psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism” (Bushman et al., 2018). All of them are similar in the sense that people who possess them do not think about the feelings of others, and therefore, can sometimes be very violent. Finally, some people may have a mental disorder or congenital propensity for violence.

Access to Guns and the Influence of the Media

Shooting is one of the most common forms of youth violence, and guns are the primary weapons of perpetrators. Arms allow committing crimes, even those people who are not able to do it in any other way. Thus, even physically weak adolescents have access to a murder weapon. This happens partly due to broad coverage of violence in media. Young people hear about numerous acts of violence daily, and this news may serve as an inspiration for them. This news covers not only particular acts of violence committed by youth but also wars and armed conflicts. It seems that even aggressive sports may be a reason for young people’s vicious behavior. The ideas of dominance and brute force are rather popular with the media these days (Bushman et al., 2018). In this context, the media is also an essential boost to youth violence.

Effects of Youth Violence Extension of Violence

It is an undeniable fact that violence only leads to more violence. According to Lovegrove and Cornell (2016), those young people who were involved in some act of violence “have a higher likelihood of engaging in other forms of problem behavior” (p. 6). This means that if some person committed a crime during his or her adolescence, there is a probability that they will be involved in more severe crimes in the future.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the experience of violence in adolescence can also be a reason for delinquent behavior in adulthood. Those who have been bullied or rejected in their schoolyears have a high chance of becoming perpetrators of abuse when they grow up (Bushman et al., 2016). Thus, both perpetrators and victims disseminate violence across society.

Health Problems

It was already mentioned above that youth violence is a significant health problem. It is clear that those people who experienced abuse suffer most of all. For instance, if a person was bullied in school, it can result in him or her experiencing psychological trauma for the rest of their life. Victimization may cause addiction to tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs (Lovegrove and Cornell, 2016). Thus, victimized people might become ill both mentally and physically. This example shows the consequences of non-fatal youth violence. The effects of abuse, which leads to someone’s death, are somewhat visible and even worse than in the case of non-fatal victimization.

On the other hand, it seems that young people who acted as perpetrators may also have health and mental problems due to their experience of violence. Some people may never regret harming others, but those who will repent their violent behavior are likely to suffer from it as well. This burden can be especially hard if they committed some severe crime, and nobody knew about it.

One can imagine a person who participated in bullying, which resulted in the death of the victim. If nobody revealed that this person was guilty of this crime, he or she would have to keep it to themselves to the end of days. If this person starts feeling sorry for this crime one day, he or she can, therefore, experience some serious psychological problems. The same as in the previous case, this person might become addicted to alcohol and drugs. Overall, it can be seen that the mental and physical health of both perpetrators and victims can be damaged by youth violence.

Conclusion Even though youth violence can be viewed differently – as perpetration and as an experience of being victimized – some fundamental causes and effects of this phenomenon still exist. Young people who commit acts of violence are strongly influenced by their background, personal traits, access to guns, and the coverage of abuse in the media. At the same time, these reasons also apply to the youth who experienced violence. The two main effects of youth violence are the dissemination of abuse across social and health problems of perpetrators and victims. As can be seen, youth violence is a serious health and social issue which affects the whole society.

Reference List Bushman, B.J. et al. (2016) ‘Youth violence: what we know and what we need to know’, American Psychologist, 71(1), pp. 17-39.

Golshiri, P. et al. (2018) ‘Youth violence and related risk factors: a cross-sectional study in 2800 adolescents’, Advanced Biomedical Research 7(138), pp. 1-8, doi: 10.4103/abr.abr_137_18

We will write a custom Essay on The Main Causes and Effects of Youth Violence specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lovegrove, P.J. and Cornell, D.G. (2016) ‘Patterns of bullying and victimization associated with other problem behaviors among high school students: a conditional latent class approach’, in Taylor, T. (ed.) Youth violence prevention. London: Routledge, pp. 5-22.

Seal, M. and Harris, P. (2016) Responding to youth violence through youth work. Bristol: Policy Press.

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In Cold Blood by Truman Capote Essay college essay help online

Table of Contents The Author of the novel In Cold Blood

Summary of the novel

Discussion of the main characters

Personal Opinion

Conclusion

Reference List

Non-fiction novel is a story about real people and real events, set forth using the dramatic techniques inherent in the book. The founder of this genre is considered the American writer Truman Capote, who in 1965 wrote the first report in the form of the novel In Cold Blood. The author defined his work as a new genre – the novel non-fiction. The book immediately became a bestseller and is still considered one of the best novels non-fiction in the world. Accordingly, this paper strives to outline the author’s biography, summarize the novel, discuss the main characters, and provide a personal opinion to grasp the essence of the story.

The Author of the novel In Cold Blood Truman Capote was born in New Orleans, where he lived the first eighteen years of his life. He began to write at the age of eight. When Truman was 19 years old, Mademoiselle Magazine published his story Miriam, which was awarded the O. Henry Prize (Bolling, 2016). In 1949, his collection The Tree of the Night and Other Stories was published, and in 1951 was published the story Voices of Grass. In 1948, his first novel, Other Voices, Other Rooms, was released, which critics greeted with great enthusiasm.

Truman Capote was a childhood friend of the writer Harper Lee and became the prototype of Dill from her novel To Kill a Mockingbird. Capote was an open homosexual and stood out for eccentricity in his manners. He played several roles in the cinema, and in 1977 received a nomination for a film award in the category: Best Acting Debut in a Feature Film (Marsh, 2016). Tumen Capote died on August 25, 1984, from cirrhosis of the liver, which was caused by narcotic toxicosis when he was 59 years old (Caudill, 2016). The body of Kapote was cremated, Joan Carson and Capote’s lover Jack Dunphy shared the ashes. Many of his works were filmed, more than 20 films were shot, and the writer himself often acted in films. In 2005, Bennett Miller made the film Capote, which tells the story of how the novel In Cold Blood was written (Voss, 2015). The premiere of the film coincided with Truman’s birthday.

Summary of the novel In Cold Blood was based on the stories of real crimes committed 1959 in Kansas, and reveals the nature of violence as a complex social and psychological phenomenon. Once in a calm and picturesque place called Holcomb, there was a terrible murder. Criminals brutally cracked down on a whole family, which enjoyed particular respect among residents, clutters was a sample in every sense. The head of the family, Herbert Clatter, did not drink, smoke, and was an exemplary family man who lives and works only for the sake of the loved ones (Caudill, 2016). Honest farmer, he made a substantial fortune for those places he owned a large estate. The writer did not initially conceal from readers what would happen to the Clatter family and who would commit a heinous crime (Bolling, 2016). However, it remains unknown whether the attackers will be punished. They believe that they have committed the perfect crime.

The New Yorker magazine published a note on the murder of a farmer’s family in the village of Holcomb – a mother, father, and two children (Marsh, 2016). Truman Capote became so interested in this atrocity that he even went to Holcomb, where he studied this matter in detail, talked with those who personally knew the dead. The result of the investigation was 8 thousand pages. However, subsequently, Capote reduced his work, and in 1996 the book was published (Caudill, 2016). This work has become the most significant in the creative biography of the writer.

Discussion of the main characters Two young men are entirely different, except for prison; in fact, they are not united by anything. One of them, Perry Smith, was deprived of a normal childhood, early learned what orphans with living parents, what bullying is. The injury inflicted in childhood is incurable (Caudill, 2016). He is sensitive, like a predatory beast, and the pain sits like a compressed spring, which all the time due to lack of education, due to debauchery of the mother and many other things, lies in it like a compressed spring.

Nevertheless, another young man is no less dangerous Dick Hickock. He grew up in a family that always teetered on the verge of poverty and misery. However, he had beautiful parents who cared for him, loved him, and always believed in him (Marsh, 2016). His mother until the last day suffered from the fact that she could not understand how he had become such that she had missed. Dick was always interested in women, even more precisely, girls. Unlike Perry, he married early, and even twice (Bolling, 2016). He wanted to live in a big way and hated everyone who lived better than he did.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Personal Opinion The name of the novel speaks for itself – In Cold Blood very unusual book format. All the time, there was a feeling that you were talking with these people who were reading about now as if they were sharing thoughts. Moreover, the events are narrated quite informatively, as a statement of facts. There is only one colossal minus presentation style (Marsh, 2016). Despite the apparent dramatic nature of the story, extraordinary and charismatic identities of the criminals, the entire text is a straight line, without any emotional ups or downs throughout the story. Even at the beginning, when the daily life and dreams of Nancy, a beautiful girl, the pride of family and her beloved surrounding, are described, and her brother Kenyon, who was promised brilliant success in science, the author’s speech does not lose its smoothness, even monotony, and absolute indifference. In addition, everything would be fine if the book was positioned as a dry documentary summary.

Conclusion Capote wrote an excellent documentary novel, processing a considerable amount of operational information, studying the fate and characters of both victims and murderers. At the same time, recreating a holistic and convincing picture of the premises and consequences of this crime. The book of Capote testifies: the price of human life has dropped. Even for those who regularly attend church, the commandment “Thou shalt not kill” has lost its literal, indisputable meaning. The determining causes of the crime are the dysfunction of the world and society. Such is the objective, dramatic conclusion of the novel. However, the concept of “conclusion” can be used very conditionally.

Reference List Bolling, B. (2016) ‘On the Make: Truman Capote, Seriality, and the Performance of Celebrity’. American Literature, 88(3), pp. 569-595.

Caudill, D. S. (2016) Stories about science in law: Literary and historical images of acquired expertise. New York: NY Routledge.

Marsh, L. (2016) ‘Murder, they wrote’. Dissent, 63(2), pp. 6-11.

Voss, R. F. (2015) Truman Capote and the Legacy of In Cold Blood. Alabama: AL University of Alabama Press.

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Alice Walker’s The Color Purple Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Summary of the book

Main Characters

Main Themes

Opinion

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction The Color Purple by Alice Walker is an epistolary novel about African-American women in the southern United States in the 1930s. It addresses some crucial issues, such as segregation and sexism. This work was adapted into a film by Steven Spielberg in 1985 (Bay et al., 2015, p.169). More than that, The Color Purple won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the National Book Award for Fiction in 1983.

The novel is written as a series of letters, that are not dated, and has a fascinating and thought-provoking plot. Its name comes from a character’s words, “I think it pisses God off if you walk by the color purple in a field somewhere and don’t notice it” (Walker, 1982, p. 196). Walker writes in an uneducated language and southern style to create the atmosphere of an impoverished area and develop complex relationships between the main characters and the themes mentioned above.

Summary of the book The protagonist of the novel is Celie, a fourteen-year-old abused black girl who lives in Georgia and addresses her letters to God. Her father, Alfonso, repeatedly rapes his daughter and forbids her to tell anybody about what happened, except for God. Then, Alfonso marries Celie off to Mister Albert after her mother’s death. However, married life is also complicated and painful for the girl, as she has to bring up Albert’s children, do all of the housework, and suffer misery and hardship from him.

After Celie’s marriage, her younger sister, Nettie, gets the opportunity to leave her father’s household and move to Mr. Albert’s house. However, Celie’s husband kicks Nettie out after a while as she refuses to satisfy his sexual demands. Nettie promises to write to her older sister, but after she leaves, Celie does not receive any letters from her. The protagonist’s life changes only when Albert’s deathly ill mistress Shug appears in his home so that Celie will take care of her. Soon after Shug’s arrival, they fall in love with each other. For the first time, Celie can enjoy emotions, sex, and friendship.

Celie and Shug manage to find out why there was no news from Nettie for several decades. Mr. Albert appears to hide all of Nettie’s letters in the locked trunk. When the main character reads her sister’s letters, she opens up a new world and realizes all the abuses that she has suffered from her husband. That is why she decides to leave him and start a new life with Shug in Memphis. Furthermore, Celie learns that Alfonso is not her biological father and that her younger sister lives with the Reverend Samuel and his family in Africa. The girl also finds out that now she owns a house where Alfonso lived till his death.

In the end, Celie reunites with her sister, who returns from Africa with her husband Samuel and Celie’s children and maintains a close relationship with Shug. Besides, she keeps in touch with Mr. Albert as he changed a lot. Now Nettie and Celie are inseparable and happy so much that Celie writes that she has never felt so young before, though she is an old woman.

Main Characters Celie

Celie is the protagonist of the book, who the author portrays as a victim through most of the novel. Her father and her husband rape her, she is deprived of any freedom and human rights, and she cannot take care of her children. The only person Celie loves – her younger sister Nettie – is also taken away from her. When she meets her husband’s mistress Shug Avery, a tipping point is reached. Shug encourages Celie to rebel against Mr. Albert and leave him. Celie becomes more self-confident and realizes all the extent of hardships she has suffered. More than that, thanks to Shug, she learns to love, feel emotions, and enjoy her life.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nettie

Nettie is Celie’s younger sister, who Mr. Albert is firstly interested in, but then, he agrees to marry Celie. Nettie is an educated and intelligent girl who loves her older sister very much. Nettie escapes from her father’s household to live with Celie. However, later, she has to leave because Mister tries to assault her. Nettie goes to Africa with the Reverend Samuel and his family as a maid. Throughout her travels, she writes regularly to Celie, but her older sister does not receive these letters because of her husband. Nettie returns to America with Samuel and two Celie’s children thirty years later.

Mr. Albert

Mr. Albert, Celie’s husband, is a character, who also experiences changes in his personality aside from Celie. In the beginning, he considers his young wife only a servant and “exercises socially superior power and gets benefit from the unpaid labor provided by Celie” (Abbasi and Hayat, 2017, p.184).Mr. Albert loves Shug, but he cannot marry her because of the public’s opinion. Besides, Mr. Albert hides Nettie’s letters from Celie and prevents their communication. In the end, he reconsiders his life and views and tries to forge relationships with Celie and other people.

Shug Avery

Shug Avery is a famous blues singer and strong woman, who becomes a friend and, eventually, a lover to Celie. She teaches Celie to struggle and be independent and confident. Shug’s biggest problem is that she cannot stay with one person and does not have stable romantic relationships. Though sometimes Shug is also mean and selfish, she inspires people around her, brings entertainment, and becomes the protagonist’s loved one.

Main Themes Violence, racism, sexism, and femininity are among the central themes of the novel (Lewis, 2017). In The Color Purple, readers can see how differently Afro-American female characters react to hardships and maltreatment. Celie is submissive; she suffers violence from her father and husband repeatedly and shuts down emotionally, while other female characters try to protest against abuse. Alice Walker also emphasizes the role of female relationships and their opportunities to fight for rights and challenge male oppression and dominance.

Opinion The novel The Color Purple raises crucial and global issues, such as women’s role and their discrimination by men in the twentieth century. Alice Walker illustrates the harassment a black woman has to go through, but she also demonstrates how a woman can struggle for self-confidence and respectful treatment. The Color Purple is a story about female strength, resistance, and fight, all fueled by love.

Conclusion The Color Purple is an impressive piece of American feminist literature. Walker tells the readers about the lives of impoverished and humiliated women and considers complex social relationships. She uses different means to depict the atmosphere and the environment of the 1930s, such as the black folk language, and the first-person narrative. Despite being widely criticized for the use of language, The Color Purple has its actual historical background and continues to occupy readers’ minds nowadays.

Reference List Abbasi, M. and Hayat, M. (2017) ‘Marxist feminist critique: the socioeconomic position of Afro-American women in Alice Walker’s The Color Purple’, Journal of Social Sciences, 8(2), pp. 180-200.

We will write a custom Essay on Alice Walker’s The Color Purple specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bay, M. et al. (2015) Toward an intellectual history of black women. North Carolina: UNC Press Books.

Lewis, J. (2017) ‘Gender, race, and violence: a critical examination of trauma in The Color Purple’, Sacred Heart University Scholar, 1(1), pp. 24-38.

Walker, A. (1982) The color purple. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

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The Mulatto by Victor Sejour: The Critique of the Slave-Owning Society Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

“The Mulatto,” or “Le Mulâtre,” is a short story written by the African-American writer Victor Séjour in 1837 that is commonly considered to be one of the earliest fiction works by US-American people of color. The story originally appeared in French, the native language of the author, in the Paris-based journal Revue de Colonies and was translated into English only at the end of the twentieth century due to the earlier laws of the Southern states prohibiting the dissemination of anti-slavery literature. The narrative of the story focuses on the life of the slave Georges, who also happens to be an illegitimate son of his master and his relationships with his master. Through the events depicted in the story, the author demonstrates the negative effects of slavery on both the society in general and the lives of separate individuals. This essay will analyze how Séjour creates his anti-slavery message with the help of such literary devices as characterization, plot, and irony.

The main slave characters in the story are portrayed with sympathy and certain admiration, such description being in sharp contrasts with the portrayal of their cruel and egocentric master Alfred. Georges’ mother Laïsa is described as a beautiful Senegalese slave, who is as “pure as the dew from the sky” (Séjour 153), while his wife Zélie is referred to as “the virtuous slave, full of noble indignation” (Séjour 165). On the contrary, Alfred, the powerful and wealthy white master, is characterized in negative tones from the onset of the story: He treats his slaves as his possession, thinks only of his wellbeing, and believes his status gives him entitlement to do as he pleases. The protagonist Georges, being a son of the slave and the master, inherits qualities of both sides, which makes him a conflicted and complex character. The author uses characterization to govern readers’ perception of the characters and, in doing so, makes them question the established view of slaves and their owners.

In “The Mulatto,” the author plays with different life scenarios to show the rigidness of the slave-owning system. At the beginning of the story, Laïsa gives in to Alfred, but eventually, the master becomes bored with her and sends her away to live in dangerous conditions. Later, Zélie chooses an alternative action and turns down Alfred’s advances, which leads to her execution. Similarly, Georges is unable to find happiness neither when he sides with his master, nor when he opposes him. After defending his master in the fight, he finds Alfred to have ungratefully sentenced Zélie to death and swears to “drink [his] blood” (Séjour 171) in revenge. However, after killing his master, Georges realized that Alfred was his father and commits suicide. Thus, the story underlines that there are no easy ways out of the system.

The use of ironic plot twists in the story showcases the dangers of the slave-ownership for the whole society. When describing Alfred’s rejection by Zélie, the narrator exclaims, “what irony!” (Séjour 165), highlighting the first shift in the power relationships between the master and his slaves. Later in the story, Alfred is forced to relive the pain he inflicted on Georges when executing Zélie, and, ironically, this time, the powerful master is the one who is feeling helpless and pleading for his wife’s life. With this ironic turn of events, the author demonstrates that even the slave-owners cannot feel safe in the existing social system, as their status does not protect them from the harm they have done to others.

Being an anti-slavery story, “The Mulatto” not only describes the sufferings of the slaves owned by cruel masters but also accentuates the dangers of the slave-owning system for the whole society. To convey his message, Séjour makes use of such story elements as characterization, plot structure, and irony. The combined effect of those literary devices creates a powerful image of the perils of slavery.

Work Cited Sejour, Victor. “The Mulatto.” Translated by Philip Barnard. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature, edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr. et al., 3rd ed., W. W. Norton

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The Life and Work of Mother Teresa Essay argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Biography

Vision of the Society

Contribution to the Society

Meaning of the Historical Figure

Conclusion

Works Cited

The day when the world becomes free of all its issues will probably never come. However, it does not mean that one should give up all the aspirations to make it a better place. There are numerous examples of people doing small changes every day and changing the lives of others gradually. If every individual has made their responsibility and capability clear, then the task of making the world a better place for everyone would not seem to be impossible. The purpose of this essay is to consider the life and contribution of the most inspiring women of all times, Mother Teresa.

Biography Agnesë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, better known as Mother Teresa, was born in today’s capital of North Macedonia, Skopje, in August 1910. However, the date of birth of Mother Teresa is still an issue of a robust discussion. Her parents were of Albanian descent, even though, back in 1910, an Albanian state did not exist yet. It was part of the Ottoman Empire until 1912 when the Republic of Albania declared its independence. Although Mother Teresa was Albanian, she had not visited Albania until 1989 (Endresen 53). The reason for this was Albanian officials who refused to issue her a visa. Once the Communist regime fell, the problem solved itself. In her early years, Mother Teresa understood that her mission was to spread the love of Jesus Christ. When she was eighteen, she decided to join a Catholic congregation called “the Sisters of Loreto,” which sent missions to India. Having taken a mandatory training in Dublin, Mother Teresa went to India where she finally made her vows as a nun.

In Calcutta, Mother Teresa was teaching at the school from 1931 to 1948. During these years, she noticed that outside the walls of the convent, ordinary poor people were suffering a lot. This observation was an incentive that made Mother Teresa ask for permission from her congregation to devote herself to helping most marginalized people in Calcutta. First, she started an open-air school, but soon other people, who cared about vulnerable residents of Calcutta, joined her. In 1950, Mother Teresa founded her order called The Missionaries of Charity. Fifteen years after, the congregation received a decree of the Pope, which made the work of the order possible in other countries of the world. Overall, she was a well-respected person who committed herself to help less privileged people. She received such awards as the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian endeavors and contribution (Endresen 53).

Vision of the Society Mother Teresa turned her entire life into a commitment to serve people and ease the sufferings of the most vulnerable ones. She saw the inequalities, but, compared to most people, she started to make her contribution to improving the lives of people living in misery all around the world. She is one of the few examples of human beings who sacrificed their lives for the common good. Mother Teresa was a person with a clear vision of how society should look like and what kind of experiences all people should be able to have. Her understanding of existing injustices was deep, profound, and non-hypocritical. From the early beginning of her independent activity, she made it clear for all the people working with her, that the conditions of living should be the same for both helpers and people in need of help.

Her vision was also clear in terms of differences between the societies in developed countries and developing ones. Mother Teresa was well aware of what problems were wide-spread in certain communities, so she kept her mind open to new issues and challenges. Her Charity was asked to come to help people in various corners of the world, so it can be argued with certainty that Mother Teresa was a citizen of the world, as she genuinely aspired to help people everywhere.

Contribution to the Society Due to her inspiring work, many women joined The Missionaries of Charity to serve the poorest of the poor. By the 1990s, there were established representations of the Charity in 123 countries of the world, including former Communist states such as Russia, Albania, etc. (Metaxas 112). She not only overcame the differences between wealthy societies of the Global North and South but also between two political blocks.

Mother Teresa also took up the initiatives on the issues neglected by others, even the government. For example, she opened a leaper asylum in Calcutta when there were more than 30 000 people afflicted with leprosy in Calcutta about whom nobody really cared. The government was not always on her side, so in the case of a leaper asylum, she was forced to evacuate all the patients. However, Mother Teresa wasn’t a person who would easily give up, she started a fundraising campaign, and when she accumulated enough resources, she founded a mobile leprosy clinic. Furthermore, Mother Teresa opened similar houses for people with HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. She traveled to conflict-torn areas to rescue children and move them from demolished hospitals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Meaning of the Historical Figure Mother Teresa was a good leader who skillfully conveyed her ideas to the general public all around the world. Even though she held strong beliefs in Catholicism, as she was a Catholic nun, her view overcame the borders of one religion and appealed to very different people from distant places of the Earth. Charisma was Mother Teresa’s gift from God as she couldn’t but attracted the attention of media from the very start of her career. In 1968, Malcolm Muggeridge decided to interview Mother Teresa for the BBC (Metaxas). Thanks to this interview on BBC, Mother Teresa obtained world fame.

Despite all the praising words about Mother Teresa, she received a lot of criticism during and after her lifetime. For example, even though the Catholic church recognized Mother Teresa as a saint, not every Catholic agreed with the decision. Some people believe that she had not done enough for the church as she didn’t try to convert people (Donohue). There is also an idea that such famous examples as Mother Teresa may discourage ordinary people from making their contribution in any form of charity (Morin et al.). However, considering Mother Teresa’s Charity from a humanitarian point of view, one can argue that human interests and life matter more than the benefits of any particular religion.

Conclusion The work of mother Teresa has been inspiring for people all around the world. She is a classic example of a person who devoted her life to helping people in need. Mother Teresa contributed to the elevation of many people’s miseries daily. However, her way of life is not free of criticism, as there are many aspects in her work which could have been improved. What is clear in spite of all these ambiguities surrounding Mother Teresa’s figure is that her example will continue living on and encouraging people of the world to do better for themselves and people around them.

Works Cited Donohue, Bill. Unmasking Mother Teresa’s Critics. Sophia Institute Press, 2016.

Endresen, Cecilie. “The Nation and the Nun: Mother Teresa, Albania’s Muslim Majority and the Secular State.” Islam

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The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Table of Contents The Play

The Characters

Conclusion

Works Cited

The Glass Menagerie is a beautiful and appealing play written by Tennessee Williams in 1944. The story provides an insight into one unhappy family, in which each member feels lonely and wasted upon. Among the main topics involved are the beauty and its vulnerability, the balance between social obligations and personal freedom, parental authority, memories of long ago, and escaping from reality.

The Play The most notable feature of the play is its symbolism, which is demonstrated by the author in a variety of ways. The glass is the most important symbol, as the name of the play suggests. Laura’s glass collection represents fragility and beauty, but it has no practical point. The broken piece stands for the broken heart of the girl. Another symbol for Laura’s ephemerality is her nickname “Blue Roses,” which Jim gives her in the following words, “They are common as – weeds, but you – well – you’re – Blue Roses!” (Tennessee 87). Laura strongly depends on her family and lives in isolation like a ghost. The fire escape symbolizes getting away from reality, and the narrator’s monologues take place there. Finally, the act of blowing out the candles probably means the end of all hopes for Laura and the end of the old life for Tom.

The Characters Amanda Wingfield used to be the reigning beauty of a small town, but now she is an abandoned spouse living on the memories of long ago. Amanda can hardly accept her present position, and as a devoted mother, she is fully committed to her children. However, her efforts to make them succeed in life turn to unbearable pressure for both Laura and Tom.

Laura is timid and unsocial due to physical disability. The outside world frightens the girl, and her way of escaping from reality is the glass collection. However, she is not dead inside and has feelings towards a young man.

Tom is committed to poetry, but he has to work in a shoe warehouse to support his family. He feels imprisoned both at work and home. “I know I seem dreamy, but inside — well, I’m boiling!” he exclaims (Tennessee 62). Night movies are his escape. Amanda wants Tom to demonstrate “Spartan endurance!” (Tennessee 32), and to find a husband for Laura. Once her future is safe, he may have a chance to start a new life. Finally, Tom chooses freedom and leaves home. As abandoned Laura and Amanda could die in poverty, it must be a tough decision.

Jim is the long-awaited potential husband for Laura. He is vivid, enthusiastic, and charming, but not willing to marry. After making advances to Laura, he confesses that he is engaged. The girl is hurt, of which the play hints: “Glass breaks so easily. No matter how careful you are” (Tennessee, 86). Maybe the engagement does not exist, but it makes an excellent excuse for Jim.

One more character is the absent Amanda’s husband, who left his family years ago looking for freedom and life pleasures. However, he seems still to belong to the family, which “struggles against hopelessness that threatens their lives” (Nalliveettil and Sobhi 201). The ex-husband remains an authority for Amanda and influences her decisions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion None of the characters in the play is completely good or bad, and the author managed to avoid any black and white coloring. That is why the heroes really seem living and appealing, and one can easily associate himself with any of them. Amanda is tough, but she is a devoted mother, while nice and pretty Laura is a burden to her family. Although the plot and the characters of the play reflect the social background of the middle of the past century, the problems raised by the author are supertemporal and remain challenging for many people in the contemporary world.

Works Cited Nalliveettil, George, and Mahmoud Sobhi. “Discourse Analysis of Tennessee Williams’ The Glass Menagerie.” Advances in Language and Literary Studies, vol. 7, no 3, 2016, pp. 201–10.

Tennessee, Williams. The Glass Menagerie. New Directions, 1999.

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The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls Essay college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Summary

The Main Characters

The Themes of the Book

Personal Opinion

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction A family plays a substantial role in shaping a personality. This fact is a problem for children whose parents fail to pay proper attention to their upbringing due to various addictions. Jeannette Walls was such an unlucky child, and she described her growing up in a dysfunctional family in her memoir The Glass Castle. This essay will give a summary of the book, discuss the main characters and problems, and provide a personal opinion of the story.

Summary Jeanette Walls is one of the four children of Rex and Rose Mary Walls. Her father was a drunkard, and her mother was a teacher who saw her calling in painting. At the age of six, Jeannette and her family moved to Battle Mountain, Nevada. They lived there in a railway station adjusted for residence. For a while, stability came to their life since Rex Walls started working for a mining company. However, he soon lost his job and spent all the money earned by Rose Mary. They also happened to attract the attention of the police due to an incident in their house. To avoid taking their children away from them, the Walls decided to move to the home of Grandma Smith, who was Rose Mary’s mother. The old woman died right before their arrival, but left them a substantial sum of money. However, the money soon was spent, and the family moved to Welch, West Virginia, where Rex’s parents lived.

Then, the Walls left the dwelling of Jeannette’s parental grandmother to settle down in a dilapidated house. Rex said that one day he would build a glass castle in that place, but his children did not believe him. Jeannette asked her mother to get a divorce, but Rose Mary refused. Therefore, Jeannette and her elder sister, Lori, began to save money to flee to New York. Their efforts were successful, and soon, all the four siblings moved to the Big Apple. Their parents also came to New York to live off their children, but as they disapproved of it, Rex and Rose Mary became homeless. Later, Jeannette was driving to a party and saw her mother scavenging the garbage cans. The woman offered her help to Rose Mary, but she refused. The story ends with a family dinner at Jeannette’s house where the Walls remembered Rex, who had died a few years ago.

The Main Characters The first character of the book is Jeannette Walls, the narrator. She had a complicated childhood because of her parents’ irresponsibility, but it helped her to become a strong and determined woman. Being a child, she tried to exonerate her father’s behavior because she believed in him: “I told him that I would never lose faith in him. And I promised myself I never would” (Walls 79). However, as she grew up, she realized that her trust was in vain because Rex was never going to accomplish his plans. As for her mother, Jeannette seems to lack an understanding of her life principles. When she sees Rose Mary in New York scavenging garbage cans, she thinks that her mother needs help. However, when Jeannette hears that Rose Mary is satisfied with her living conditions, she is perplexed. Generally, Jeannette inspires respect because she did not follow her parents’ steps, but became better than they were and reached success in her life.

Another character is Rex Walls, Jeannette’s father, who spent all the money in the family on alcohol. He could have been a conscientious worker since he was smart and had engineering and mathematical expertise. However, he chose the path of an alcoholic and did not bother to stay on any job for long. Some episodes, like the one when he proposed his children to choose their favorite stars as Christmas gifts since he could not give them real presents, prove that Rex had a kind heart and could have made a caring father. However, he was a weak personality who could not conquer his lust for drinks and reluctance to work, and this made his children, including Jeannette, lose faith in him.

The last character worth discussing is Rose Mary, Jeannette’s mother. Although she was qualified as a teacher, she was confident that she was born to be an artist. For this reason, she worked only when Rex had no job to prevent her children from starving. Rose Mary had exceptional values since she did not want to live in comfort, find a high-paid job, or have a happy family with a sober husband. Even when her daughter offered her to help with accommodation because she considered her mother’s lifestyle inappropriate, she refused by saying that “being homeless is an adventure” (Walls 255). Thus, Rose Mary does not evoke sympathy because she has chosen her way of living for herself and appears to be satisfied with it.

The Themes of the Book The book raises the theme of feeling abnormal and ashamed. According to Bath, young people growing up in nonstandard conditions, like Jeannette Walls, often feel shame because they do not consider themselves normal (132). It is true for Jeannette since she realized that her family was far from being ordinary, and for a long time, she was ashamed to tell anyone about her parents. Eventually, she understood that every person had a past, so there was no need for her to hide her background. It was the reason why she ventured to write her memoir.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another theme of the novel is individualism and independence from others. Yang and Congzhou argue that it is typical of Americans to rely on themselves and keep apart from their parents after coming of age (53). However, in the Walls family, individualism seems slightly exaggerated and may be interpreted as the parents’ indifference to their offspring. Although Rex and Rose Mary wanted their children to be self-sufficient, they treated them as if they did not care about them. Surprisingly, they achieved this goal since Jeannette with her siblings indeed became independent, but, on the other side, they lost any desire to keep in touch with their parents.

Personal Opinion Since the book describes the life of a dysfunctional family, it makes readers think of other people who live in similar conditions. However, this story allows viewing the situation from another angle. Usually, the homeless and the poor evoke sympathy because they are assumed to have had bad luck that has led them to their current state. The book shows that there may be no external circumstances, which ruin people’s life. The author reveals to readers that being a pauper with no home can be someone’s voluntary choice (Cardell and Douglas 23). The main point is that there is no way to help them because it is impossible to assist people who see nothing wrong with their behavior.

Conclusion To sum up, the book is worth reading because it makes readers face reality, which is full of unpleasant things such as alcohol abuse, poverty, and vagrancy. On the other hand, it shows that a person can overcome all of this, like Jeannette Walls and her siblings did. It reveals that people themselves are responsible for their current situation, and sometimes, only their beliefs prevent them from improving their lives.

Works Cited Bath, Howard. “Pain and the Unspoken Emotion: Shame.” International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, vol. 10, no. 2-3, 2019, pp. 126-141.

Cardell, Kylie, and Kate Douglas, editors. Telling Tales: Autobiographies of Childhood and Youth. Routledge, 2017.

Walls, Jeannette. The Glass Castle: A Memoir. Simon and Schuster, 2017.

Yang, Liu, and Yang Congzhou. “Analysis of Sino-American Family Education Differences: Collectivistic or Individualistic? – Taking The Glass Castle as an Example.” International Education Studies, vol. 11, no. 8, 2018, pp. 51-57.

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Study Abroad Specifics Essay college essay help online

Nowadays, borders between countries are becoming more transparent, and people have opportunities to go from their states to other states all over the world. They can use available options for different purposes, and one of them is to study overseas. People select overseas education for many reasons, including the higher quality of knowledge in comparison with their native countries, the ability to study foreign languages better, or the ability to emigrate after graduation. It is essential to mention that studying abroad may provide both benefits and pitfalls. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the most common benefits and drawbacks, as well as overall outcomes that are related to studying abroad and to recommend the ways to handle the drawbacks.

Studying overseas means that students go to study in other countries outside their native states. Education abroad is usually associated with various benefits and potential problems. Students should use potential benefits and try to avoid drawbacks if they select to study abroad. Studying in foreign states provides different benefits, and the most important ones will be mentioned. Firstly, studying abroad can give knowledge and skills that cannot be learned in the home country. Secondly, after graduation, students can get well-paid and prestigious professions. It is essential for people living in developing countries where specialists who graduated from foreign educational institutions are highly valued. Thirdly, people who studied overseas often stimulate their relatives and friends to do the same and to improve levels of their lives (Velliaris and Coleman-George 168). Finally, according to Tarrant et al., “studying abroad is associated with promoting at least four of the six GPI domains” (78). Thus, the general quality of the populations’ education in a particular state increases together with socio-economic indicators.

In addition to providing advantages, education in foreign states is associated with some issues. Firstly, in some countries, there may exist governmental or legal restrictions for students who want to go to other states for educational purposes (Ziguras and Grant McBurnie 51). Secondly, according to Alghamdi and Otte, “for the majority of international students, language difficulties seem to be the most challenging issue” (18). In order to handle regulation issues, potential students can be recommended to study all limits and state regulations of foreign education in advance. If possible, they should get advice from people who already have experience of studying in the same country. To handle language issues, it is necessary to consider the necessary language at least on the intermediate level before going to a host country.

The possible outcomes of overseas education can be various depending on an individual’s efforts during studying in a foreign country. In case of successful graduation, one can get a well-paid job in a native state or stay in a country of education. The outcomes can be negative if one demonstrates problems with the language of studying or faces the restrictions related to foreign education.

To conclude, studying overseas is associated with common benefits and drawbacks, and they should be considered by all students who want to study in a foreign state. The most common advantages include the ability to get better professional skills and knowledge, opportunities to learn foreign languages, to stimulate family members and friends to study abroad, and to improve their lives. Common drawbacks include government policies and limitations for students who came from other states, as well as the issues related to foreign language knowledge during studying. To overcome those issues, students should know possible regulations, limitations, and necessary language for education before they go to study abroad.

Works Cited Alghamdi, Hamad, and Suzanne Otte. “The Challenges and Benefits of Study Abroad.” International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 6, no. 5, 2016, pp. 16–22, www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_6_No_5_May_2016/2.pdf. Accessed 12 Aug. 2019.

Tarrant, Michael A. et al. “The Effects of Studying Abroad and Studying Sustainability on Students’ Global Perspectives.” The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, vol. 26, 2015, pp. 68–82, frontiersjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/TARRANT-RUBIN-STONER-FrontiersXXVI-TheEffectsofStudyingAbroadandStudyingSustainabilityonStudentsGlobalPerspectives.pdf. Accessed 12 Aug. 2019.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Velliaris, Donna M., and Deb Coleman-George. Handbook of Research on Study Abroad Programs and Outbound Mobility. IGI Global, 2016.

Ziguras, Christopher, and Grant McBurnie. Governing Cross-Border Higher Education. Routledge, 2014.

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Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

Table of Contents Characters and Theme

Analysis

Conclusion

Works Cited

The work was written in 1922 in Germany just after the First World War, which brought a lot of trouble to the Germans. After this war, they felt unfairly humiliated and decided to take revenge, which happened a few years later. Hate turned out to be cruel, and in the meantime, a writer like Hesse preached in his book the love of everything. After all, everything that surrounds people is all of them, and this is a series of reincarnations called Samsara. However, the Germans preferred to indulge in human passions and sorrows than to delve into an alien religion – Buddhism. The work is not religious literature, no, but it contains many references relevant to this topic.

Characters and Theme The main character of the given adventure and self-discovery story is Siddhartha. This is a young man who decided to go in search of his “I” because he wished to know the essence of the world and acquire wisdom. The story clearly outlines that he is highly patient, smart, and he is used to severe hardship. For instance, the main character says: “The sinner, which I am and which you are, is a sinner, but in times to come he will be Brahma again, he will reach the Nirvana, will be Buddha—and now see: these “times to come” are a deception, are only a parable!” (Hesse 149). It is critical to note that indeed – he devotes his thoughts to his whole life, which cannot be said about the people around him. Hesse endowed the protagonist with his worldview, which even Buddha cannot influence. In the seemingly constant desire to achieve the ideal of Hesse, overheating is laid, as a result of which the main character instead of spiritual searches indulges in a worldly fuss. Thus, it is essential to note the fact that the given self-discovery journey is the manifestation of Siddhartha’s philosophical development.

Analysis The work tells how Siddhartha goes through a series of reincarnations. To do this, he does not even need to die in the natural (biological) sense of the word. The main character tries different roles and tries to find himself among them. He understands that he is different from other people. He is sometimes sorry that he cannot live with passions like other people. However, he tirelessly seeks his path, the truth, to which he must necessarily go on his own. That is why he does not accept single teaching on faith. He meets different people on his way, gets confused, almost decides to commit suicide, but in the end comes to new thoughts, conclusions. He begins to learn from the river – that infinite power that seethes in its depths.

He smuggles many people from one coast to another, plunges into many lives through their stories. In fact, this is a solid description – how a person learns from the river, begins to relate differently to people’s stories. It takes a very long time to think about it. Moreover, the result of these searches is the enlightenment of the hero, he himself becomes a Buddha who has cognized the world and, most importantly, himself. He looks back – and sees all his rebirths, all his guises (Kumar 14). The line between the past, the future is erased, and in fact, there is nothing but a sense of unity.

An analysis of this work by Hesse reveals the figurative and value components of the concepts of spirit and soul in a complex picture of the writer’s world. The idea of vision is attributed to specifically expressed value characteristics. The essence contains the cognitive activity of man, and it is his intellect. Hesse saw the difficult paths of the formation of human mental activity, showed puzzling constructions of a contradictory organized human soul.

Hesse in the novel calls to love life in all its manifestations, to live without seeking the meaning of life. In general, an analysis of the works of Hesse allows concluding that the author turns to Indian spirituality due to a crisis of spirituality in Western society. The Western world has become less interested in the ideas of “Truth,” “Good,” and “Beauty” (Sinha 72). For example, the main character says: “I wish that you would go this path up to its end, that you shall find salvation” (Hesse 34). Castalia has ceased to be a full part of the big world. Hesse gave this phenomenon the name “feuilleton era,” the main features of which are adherence to deep individualism and philistinism, the loss of thought of its purity and acuity, the dominance of mass culture and consumer society. However, on the other hand, in the formed conditions of cultural disorder, an irresistible thirst is born to think again, to establish order, to speak the same language again, to return to good morals, to unshakable foundations that cannot be subordinated to anyone and are not prone to frivolous change.

Therefore, Hesse postulates the primacy of the value of spiritual life. At the same time, he believes that the intellectual elite should not be locked in its imaginary world, it should change this world in terms of morality, morality, and culture (Study Guide 31). Indian spirituality is attractive with a wise and sensitive attitude of mentors to the moral education of their students, a desire to discover and develop their abilities and spiritual aspirations, to carefully help with doubts in various matters of life. Spiritual knowledge must go along with the practice of life, with experience, only he improves the person.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion In conclusion, it is plausible to assume that by solving the problem of Hesse how to combine the existence of art with the presence of inhuman civilization, how to protect the great world of art from the destructive influence of mass culture, it concludes that the desire to create art outside of society turns art into a pointless, aimless game. An important feature in the action of the game principle is the social ideals of the community, revealing the spiritual life of people. At specific moments in history, the game plays the role of a dramatic basis in the realization of a higher social plot, social and moral idea. Social ideals undoubtedly include a lot of play, since they are combined with the realm of fantasy, dream, utopian representations and can only be shown in the play space of culture. In accordance with the concept, entire eras “play” the embodiment of the ideal, for example, the Renaissance culture, which tended to revive the ideals of antiquity, and not to create fundamentally new, its own landmarks.

Works Cited Hesse, Hermann. Siddhartha. New Directions, 1952.

Kumar, Raman. “Dialectic of Being and Becoming in Hermann Hesse’s Siddhartha.” The Achievers Journal, vol. 2, no. 4, 2016, pp. 1–19.

Sinha, Rohit. “Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse.” NHRD Network Journal, vol. 9, no. 3, 2016, pp. 71–73.

Study Guide for Hermann Hesse’s “Steppenwolf”. Gale, Cengage Learning, 2016.

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Procrastination and its Causes Essay essay help

Table of Contents Perfectionism and Fear of Failure

Fear of the Unknown

Lack of Motivation

Multiple Distractions

Conclusion

Works Cited

Every person occasionally postpones tasks at hand for various reasons, such as fatigue, unwillingness to engage in it at the moment, or lack of spare time to spend on the issue. However, some people get into the habit of delaying things that they have to do, thus disregarding deadlines and causing troubles for themselves and those around them. It is called procrastination, which is, as stated by Ferrari et al., “derived from Latin verbs, ‘pro’ refers to forward motion, and ‘crastinus’ refers to belonging to tomorrow” (qtd. in Abbasi and Alghamdi 59). It is worth mentioning that postponing a task to perform a more important one does not refer to this phenomenon. In this case, it is setting priorities, which has nothing to do with procrastination. The habitual delay of tasks is caused by several factors, such as perfectionism, fear of uncertainty, lack of motivation, and distractions, each of them leading to unpleasant consequences.

Perfectionism and Fear of Failure Although perfectionism seems to be a positive trait at first sight, since it implies that a person attempts to do his work brilliantly, it is, in fact, a drawback in many cases. Voltaire is believed to have said: “The best is the enemy of the good,” which is applied to perfectionists. Instead of submitting a well-done task in time, they leave it to the last minute because they do not consider it perfect.

Not all people tend to develop perfectionism because it depends on personal attitudes. According to Dweck, there are two types of mindset, which define an individual’s behavior and beliefs: “the fixed mindset” and “the growth mindset” (7). People with the first type are convinced that they have “a certain amount of intelligence, a certain personality, and a certain moral character,” which cannot change over time (Dweck 7). Individuals possessing the second type of mindset; on the contrary, believe that their abilities are improvable, and “everyone can change and grow through application and experience” (Dweck 7). Thus, perfectionists have a fixed mindset since they always have to prove that they are superior and worthy, which makes them waste much time and effort and causes them to procrastinate.

Perfectionism is closely related to another cause of postponing tasks, which is a fear of failure. Some people are so obsessed with the ambition of being the best that they cannot afford to fail. However, it leads them to reject challenges and opportunities, which could contribute to their personal growth because they are sure they will not cope with them. If they cannot refuse such a task, they delay it for as long as possible since they are afraid of failure. In the workplace, such behavior leads to “low salaries and short employment durations,” as well as unemployment (Abbasi and Alghamdi 61). Thus, obsessive pursuit of excellence leads to procrastination, which, in turn, deprives people of a possibility of personal growth and makes them miss valuable opportunities.

Fear of the Unknown Sometimes, people put their plans off because they are uncertain of what they are going to experience. It particularly concerns health and relationships because, in these areas of life, there are no deadlines, and individuals have to decide for themselves when to take action. For example, a person, having noticed a rash on the skin, may postpone a visit to a doctor, hoping that it will get better on its own. Another instance is a woman who wants to break up with her partner but delays this decision since she expects her life to improving suddenly. In both cases, people procrastinate because they fear the consequences of their actions and prefer to live in uncertainty.

Procrastination due to the fear of the unknown generally results in negative outcomes since problems rarely disappear on their own. For people delaying health issues, it may lead to “hazardous consequences in terms of health, especially when a disease may be progressive” (Kroese and de Ridder 317). Procrastination also influences people’s quality of life since, instead of eliminating disturbance by making the desired change, they continue to postpone problems and waste their mental energy on them.

Lack of Motivation Individuals may delay fulfilling a task because they are not interested in it and have no essential reasons for doing it. Instead, they prefer performing more pleasant though less important work. Motivation is influenced by the environment, especially when there are other procrastinators who affect their coworkers through “second-hand procrastination” (Abbasi and Alghamdi 60). Furthermore, people face this problem if the task at hand misaligns with their priorities or is vaguely stated.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, procrastination due to the absence of motivation leads to poor individual performance. Postponing tasks causes a person to have fewer career opportunities since “employers are less likely to retain procrastinators for jobs requiring high motivation” (Abbasi and Alghamdi 60). It applies to not only work but also academic achievements, switching to a healthy lifestyle, and any other activity requiring an internal stimulus to get down to action.

Multiple Distractions Procrastination takes place when many distractions hinder a person from concentrating on a task. This problem is especially significant in the contemporary environment since smartphones and free Internet access has made it difficult for people not to redirect their attention from work to entertainment. Furthermore, in the workplace, colleagues also may contribute to attention distraction (Sirois and Pychyl 245). Thus, people have to choose between pleasant things and their own obligations, which Milkman et al. called a “should-want conflict” (qtd. in Sirois and Pychyl 245). It serves as a cause for procrastination since individuals often prefer instant gratification instead of committing to work.

Like in the cases mentioned above, procrastination caused by distractions has negative effects on people’s performance and well-being. Abbasi and Alghamdi argue that students who engage in entertaining activities rather than studying are likely to submit their assignments after the deadline and generally have poor academic achievements (60). Furthermore, since procrastination often involves excessing the time limit, people apt to postponing tasks complain of “higher levels of stress and anxiety” (Abbasi and Alghamdi 61). Consequently, the problem of not completing work in time leads to not only falling behind peers in studies and career but also having health issues.

Conclusion In conclusion, it should be said that procrastination is rooted in many causes, such as numerous distractions, lack of motivation, fear of uncertainty and failure, and perfectionism. Each of them leads to negative consequences that concern career, studies, health, and personal qualities. Thus, procrastination prevents a person from rising through the ranks, succeeding in training, and developing as a personality. These are serious obstacles on the way to success and life satisfaction, which is why it is crucial for people to begin to struggle with procrastination as soon as they discovered it in their behavior.

Works Cited Abbasi, Irum Saeed, and Nawal G. Alghamdi. “The Prevalence, Predictors, Causes, Treatments, and Implications of Procrastination Behaviors in General, Academic, and Work Setting.” International Journal of Psychological Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, 2015, pp. 59-66.

Dweck, Carol. Mindset – Updated Edition: Changing the Way You Think to Fulfil Your Potential. Hachette UK, 2017.

Kroese, Floor M., and Denise T. D. de Ridder. “Health Behaviour Procrastination: A Novel Reasoned Route towards Self-regulatory Failure.” Health Psychology Review, vol. 10, no. 3, 2016, pp. 313-325.

We will write a custom Essay on Procrastination and its Causes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sirois, Fuschia M., and Timothy A. Pychyl, editors. Procrastination, Health, and Well-being. Academic Press, 2016.

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Legalizing Marijuana: Pros and Cons Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Marijuana is known as one of the most popular and widespread drugs in the world. Historical records suggest that cannabis was used in prehistoric societies for religious ceremonies, as well as for meditation and relaxation. Nowadays, most governments prohibit the recreational use of marijuana; however, in most states of the U. S., it is legal to use cannabis for medical purposes and in some of the states – for recreational ones. The focus of this paper will be on the impact of the legalization of the U.S. economy with possible positive and negative sides of the matter.

The History of Marijuana Criminalization and Legalization Marijuana was outlawed in the USA in the 1930s when the Marijuana Tax Act was issued. After the law was issued, several states decriminalized possession in small amounts, and some of them legalized medicinal marijuana. In 2009, as it appeared in a poll conducted by the authorities, the citizens were concerned about the strict drug laws, and several new policies, including, for instance, the Ogden memo, have been adopted ever since (Zambiasi and Stillman 2). The first states that legalized recreational marijuana were Washington and Colorado in 2012 (Zambiasi and Stillman 1-2), and currently, it is legal in nine states and the District of Columbia.

Pros and Cons of Legalization

Marijuana legalization may lead to substantial profits for the government. However, new profits often come with additional expenditures. There are positive as well as negative sides of the legalization, regarding the economy. First, marijuana legalization significantly reduces black market production and distribution, allowing businesses to operate legally, leading to a less burdened judicial system. The government will potentially need fewer detention facilities and forces, thus spending less money. According to Saaty, “of the $48.7 billion spent by states and the federal government in 2008, $13.8 billion was strictly used for marijuana enforcement” (1).

Since legalization brings down the costs of production and distribution, the government can impose a tax on marijuana, generating additional revenue. However, establishing a universal way to tax marijuana may be challenging; Colorado and Washington already tax marijuana based on its value, while other states plan to take the weight as a point of reference (Kilmer, “The “10 Ps” of Marijuana Legalization” 56). Moreover, if the tax is too high, it may stimulate the black market.

Marijuana legalization naturally increases its use with all its health risks, entailing significant healthcare expenditures. The government will be forced to establish new testing programs, awareness messaging, and control institutions. According to Kilmer, “from mid-2012 through Fall 2014, the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board spent about $9 million to develop the proposed regulations” (Marijuana Legalization 5). In addition to tourists, drug legalization also attracts migrants. As of 2015, for instance, the number of citizens in Colorado had increased by roughly 3% since marijuana was legalized for recreational use (Zambiasi and Stillman 10). Such population growth, if uncontrolled, inevitably leads to a shortage of job positions, housing, etc.

At the beginning of 2018, federal authorities rescinded the Cole Memorandum that weakened strict prohibition enforcement in states where marijuana was legal. Although this may potentially help regulate the market, the local laws still differentiate from state to state, ruining the overall macroeconomic balance. Considering that, it might be beneficial for the government to enforce similar laws throughout the country to control the market more effectively.

Conclusion In conclusion, marijuana legalization has its pros and cons that can greatly affect the economy. It may entail not only financial profits but also losses on federal and local levels. It appears that a uniform drug policy throughout the nation might be a solution to some of the problems. It is crucial for the government to find the middle ground in laws and regulations regarding the matter to counterbalance the financial problems.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Kilmer, Beau. Marijuana Legalization, Government Revenues, and Public Budgets. RAND Corporation, 2016.

—. “The “10 Ps” of Marijuana Legalization.” Ideas, vol. 54, 2015, pp. 52–57.

Saaty, Thomas L. “A Marijuana Legalization Model Using Benefits, Opportunities, Costs, and Risks (BOCR) Analysis.” International Journal of Strategic Decision Sciences (IJSDS), vol. 6, no. 2, 2015, pp. 1–11.

Zambiasi, Diego, and Steven Stillman. “The Pot Rush: Is Legalized Marijuana a Positive Local Amenity?” The IZA Institute of Labor Economics Papers, vol. 1, 2018, pp. 1–24.

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Handling Cyberbullying in the 21st Century Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Cyberbullying refers to a form of harassment using modern communication technologies and social media. This phenomenon is a relevant issue in the 21st century, and it is defined by scientists as a contemporary “pandemic threat” (Umesh et al. 6). Therefore, cyberbullying needs particular attention to develop effective intervention and prevention strategies at schools in the USA.

Ensuring digital security is one of the significant ways to address cyberbullying. Information technologies are nowadays an integral part of educational space at the U.S. schools (Marzano 119). Therefore, it is inevitable that cyberbullying may occur in school networks during interactive lessons and after classes. In this context, intervention strategies primarily rely on digital security and modern technological solutions, primarily, the automatic detection of cyberbullying in the media discourse. For example, recent advances in technology, such as “algorithms for detecting invalid information” (Marzano 121) are the promising means for reducing bullying in the cyberspace of the U.S. schools. Tools for pinpointing cyberbullying are effective means of handling this issue since they detect posts not only from bullies but also from victims and bystanders. Consequently, each of these categories of participants can be addressed by educators appropriately.

In addition to digital security, social support from educators is crucial. For example, Umesh et al. suggest that implementing hotlines, support groups, and counseling services at the U.S. schools can significantly mitigate the experiences of cyberbullying victims (6). In particular, discussions in support groups and counselor’s support can help victims to overcome the aftermath of cyber-bullying (Umesh et al. 6). Indeed, the scientists argue that the position of educating counselors at each U.S. school will ensure effective communication “targeted for digital security, awareness and support for all students” (Umesh et al. 5). In other words, it will ensure a beneficial atmosphere of mutual support and trust.

Handling cyberbullying also requires a considerable amount of parents’ involvement. That is to say, instructive parental mediation is another essential tool for cyberbullying intervention (Wright and Wachs 10). For instance, discussions with parents might provide their children with necessary coping strategies, which will ultimately reduce the adolescents’ “exposure to cyberbullying perpetration and victimization” (Wright and Wachs 7). Hence, raising the cyberbullying awareness among parents and guardians is particularly essential. This can be achieved through social media, questionnaires, and surveys, developing educational text and video materials, organizing training workshops, roundtable discussions, and the like.

Apart from restrictive measures, tackling strategies against cyberbullying also include preventive means. In particular, appropriate curriculum development can contribute to cyberbullying prevention. For example, Singh suggests integrating “case studies about social injustice” at the U.S. schools (142). Through discussing such case studies, students are expected “to understand the circumstances and decisions surrounding these events” (Singh 142). Consequently, students relate these case studies to their own experiences and make relevant conclusions. Yet another important aspect is teaching etiquette for communication in social media and basic principles of cyber security, such as Internet privacy options (Umesh et al. 6). In fact, this can raise awareness among students, and adhering to simple security measures can reduce their exposure to cyberbullying.

Thus, handling strategies against cyberbullying at the U.S. schools include ensuring digital security, providing social support and counseling, as well as promoting instructive parental mediation. Prevention of cyberbullying can be achieved through the development of a curriculum aimed at raising students’ awareness and digital competency. Hence, intervention and prevention of cyberbullying require joint efforts from all stakeholders: only through cooperation between parents, educators, and policymakers, the issue of cyberbullying can be adequately addressed and ultimately settled.

Works Cited Marzano, Gilberto. “Technological Help to Prevent and Reduce Cyberbullying.” Cyberbullying and the Critical Importance of Educational Resources for Prevention and Intervention, edited by Gilberto Marzano, Joanna Lizut, 2019, IGI Global, pp. 119–143.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Singh, Vijai. “A Curriculum to Strengthen Students against Cyberbullying.” Cyberbullying: A Deadly Trend, edited by the New York Times Editorial Staff, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2018, pp. 142–144.

Umesh, Bindal, et al. “Student and Teachers Perspective on Cyber-Bullying.” Journal of Forensic Psychology, vol. 3, no. 132, 2018, pp. 1–6. doi: 10.4172/2475-319X.1000134

Wright, Michelle, and Sebastian Wachs. “Does Parental Mediation Moderate the Longitudinal Association among Bystanders and Perpetrators and Victims of Cyberbullying?” Social Sciences, vol. 7, no. 231, 2018, pp. 1–10. doi: 10.3390/socsci7110231

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GMO Production: Reasons and Potential Effects Essay essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Causes of GMO Production

Effects of GMO Production

Conclusion

Works Cited

The genetic modification of organisms is an ancient practice that currently became highly essential and controversial at the same time. Despite the apparent benefits of GMOs, the interference into genes has its oppositionists, and no countries develop a suitable framework to regulate GMO production and analyze its potential risks. The purpose of this essay is to examine the reasons and possible effects of GMO production.

Causes of GMO Production The principal reason for GMO production is the humans’ desire to improve the characteristics of organisms for benefits. Although people in the past were not aware of genetics or modification technologies, they still were able to influence the genes of other organisms (Rangel par. 3). This method was called “selective breeding” or “artificial selection,” and it represented the selecting of organisms with desired characteristics and mating them to capture these traits in further generations (Rangel par. 3). Dogs are regarded as the first artificially selected organisms; the artificial selection of size, body shape, and hair length and color has changed their genetics and resulted in a large number of breeds (Rangel par. 3). The significant number of plants was selected as well, and the domestic variants of crops developed another appearance and nutrition value.

Modern scientists currently exercise genetic modifications, prevalently in agriculture and pharmaceutics. They discover “the cutting and splicing genes and transferring them” between organisms (Krimsky and Gruber 15). Scientists upgrade the genes of crops to create cold, herbicide, and drought-tolerant plants with the disease and pest resistance (Amofa 118). Geneticists improve “the nutrition properties of crops to enhance human health” with necessary vitamins and minerals (Amofa 118). Another essential reason for GMO production is the increase in food production due to global population growth (Adenle et al. 16). According to the researches, by 2050, people will produce almost 70% more food to support the global population (Rangel par. 20). The development of GM technologies is required to address this challenge.

Effects of GMO Production Positive Effects

The numerous researches of genetically modified organisms, their creation, and introduction to the daily routine of society have a highly significant global influence that cannot be evaluated categorically. GMOs unquestionably have a substantial positive effect on modern life. Insulin, a drug that saved a large number of people, originally derived from the modified bacterium in 1978 (Maxmen 5). Genetic modifications presently make the essential breakthroughs in medicine as they “provide huge potential for production of pharmaceuticals and vaccines,” more usable for transportation and storage comparing with traditional remedies (Amofa 118). According to recent scientific examinations, recombinant bacteria have a positive influence on human health (Maxmen 5). Scientists modify microbes contained in bacteria by adding genes, and these received microorganisms are highly efficient in drug delivery (Maxmen 5). For instance, a genetically engineered bacteria, Lactococcus lactis, traditionally used in the manufacturing of dairy products, are supplied with a gene that stimulates the secretion of protein to cure intestinal inflammation (Maxmen 5). One of the principal directions of genetic modifications in the medical industry id the creation of recombinant bacteria enabled to cure cancer.

Genetic modification practice makes a positive difference in the agricultural sector by the augmentation of crop’s characteristics. For example, soybean is an agricultural plant that is highly essential for the global production of protein and vegetable oil. It beneficially affects human health (Kim et al. 237). The genetic transformation of soybean is performed through “the modification of its chromatic architecture” and the transformation of the plant’s Agrobacterium (Kim et al. 237). These genes interferences lead to an increase in plant height, total seed weight, and the number of pods (Kim et al. 237). In 1992, the tomatoes modified with a DNA sequence that increases the production of natural protein had become the first genetically recombinant plant approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for mass production (Rangel par. 12). In 2000, a modified Golden Rice was created to combat a lack of vitamin A that annually causes the death of more than 500.000 people (Rangel par. 14). In general, the transformation of crop genes is directed at the improvement of its efficiency and nutrition value.

The contemporary practice of animal genetic modifications has promising results of severe illnesses’ spread reduction. Due to climate change and the greenhouse effect, mosquito-borne diseases become a potential threat to the United States. Mosquitoes spread a significant number of dangerous pathogens, including malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya, yellow fever, and Zika virus (Adalja et al. 1). This situation needs both tightened vector control and alternate solutions to decrease the spread of illnesses. As the effective mosquito control is performed with effort, one distinguished modern method to influence the disease expansion is “the release of genetically modified mosquitoes” (Adalja et al. 2). These male mosquitoes have reformed genes that make them sterile, and this characteristic will help to control and diminish the population size of wild-type insects (Adalja et al. 2). Although this practice has already received controversial reviews, it is currently applied in Panama and Brazil (Adalja et al. 2). In general, it is reasonable to say that GMOs exert a prevalently positive influence on modern life.

Negative Effects

Despite the achievements that became possible due to GMOs, the arguments concerning the safety of genetic modifications are not ceasing. Public awareness is prevalently connected with genetically modified food, and the main reason for safety uncertainty is the potential long-lasting influence of modified food on human health with an unpredictable outcome. Nevertheless, the scientific community thoroughly investigates genetic modifications and concludes that the consumption of plants with edited genes does not differ from eating traditional crops (Rangel par. 18). However, society is highly influenced by social media, despite the fact that the negative effect of GMOs is not confirmed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bacterium Bacillicus thuringiensis that is used to modify plants for insect resistance is impeached for “the expression of so-called Cry toxins” that have a negative influence on the environment and potential risks for human health (Hilbeck and Otto 1). This bacterium was presumed to have a negative influence on butterfly populations. However, further investigations confirmed the safety of Bacillicus thuringiensis (Rangel par. 16) Nevertheless, despite the disputable harm of GMOs, 64 countries have a law according to which all GM products are labeled (Rangel par. 17). This practice is used to give people the right to choose and monitor this technology in the case of unexpected health problems.

Conclusion Genetically modified organisms appeared many centuries ago through selective breeding, and the purpose of GMO production remains the same. People interfere in the DNA of organisms to improve their characteristics and make them more beneficial for humans. There are various examples of the positive impact of genetic modifications on agriculture, pharmaceutics, and health care. Nevertheless, GMOs are not accepted by a significant number of communities despite their disputable harm. Anyway, GM technologies are inevitable, and they will play a highly substantial role in the future as the growth of the population demands extensive food production and regenerated medicines.

Works Cited Adalja, Amesh, et al. “Genetically Modified (GM) Mosquito Use to Reduce Mosquito-Transmitted Disease in the US: A Community Opinion Survey.” PLoS Currents, vol. 1, 2016, pp. 1-11.

Adenle, Ademola A., et al., editors. Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries. Risk Analysis and Governance. Cambridge UP, 2017.

Amofa, George. “Recommendations from a Meeting on Health Implications of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO).” Ghana Medical Journal, vol. 48, no. 2, 2014, pp. 117-119.

Hilbeck, Angelika, and Mathias Otto. “Specificity and Combinatorial Effects of Bacillus Thuringiensis Cry Toxins in the Context of GMO Environmental Risks Assessment.” Frontiers in Environmental Science, vol. 3, no. 71, 2015, pp. 1-19.

Kim, Hye Jeong, et al. “Overexpression of a Chromatin Architecture-Controlling ATPG7 has Positive Effect on Yield Components in Transgenic Soybean.” Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, vol. 5, no. 3, 2017, pp. 237-242.

We will write a custom Essay on GMO Production: Reasons and Potential Effects specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Krimsky, Sheldon, and Jeremy Gruber, editors. The GMO Deception: What You Need to Know about the Food, Corporations, and Government Agencies Putting Our Families and Our Environment at Risk. Skyhorse Publishing, 2014.

Maxmen, Amy. “Living Therapeutics: Scientists Genetically Modify Bacteria to Deliver Drugs.” Nature Medicine, vol. 23, no. 1, 2017, pp. 5-7.

Rangel, Gabriel. “From Corgis to Corn: A Brief Look at the Long History of GMO Technology.” Science in the News, sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2015/from-corgis-to-corn-a-brief-look-at-the-long-history-of-gmo-technology/. Accessed 25 Sept. 2019.

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George Washington: Biography and Achievements Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

American history saw a lot of truly inspirational people who not only influenced the lives of American citizens but also changed the way we think about fundamental political values. George Washington is the perfect example of the person whose contribution to the history of America is hard to overestimate, as scholars note that “Washington was critical for “making” America” (Fagal 552). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the life of George Washington, his political views, and the way his work affected society.

George Washington was born to father, Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary Washington, and was one of seven children from his father’s two marriages. When George was 11 years old, his father died, and he was brought up in Virginia by Lawrence Washington, his half-brother. As researchers note, unlike his elder brothers, George Washington did not receive any formal education (Little 9). However, he was a well-rounded person, being able to write by early adulthood while also studying mathematics, surveying, and map-making. Lawrence Washington encouraged George to join the British navy, but George’s mother did not allow him to do so. Instead, George Washington became a land surveyor, which was considered a respectable profession at that time.

Washington’s surveying career provided him with a useful experience as he developed wilderness survival skills, learned self-dependence, studied the frontier region, as well as he established a good reputation. Besides, he received considerable fees for surveying, which allowed him to buy land in the Shenandoah Valley. Moreover, his job as a survey man helped George in his pursuit of success in his military career, teaching him some vital skills a soldier needs on the battlefield. His role in the French and Indian War was significant, as he was a commander of the Virginia Regiment, raised to oppose the French in the Ohio Valley. Furthermore, Washington served to British General Edward Braddock, who led an expedition to dislodge the French from Fort Duquesne. Washington learned much from Braddock while also earning a military reputation for courage and efficient administrating.

On January 6, 1759, Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis, and the marriage made him one of the wealthiest men of Virginia, which significantly increased his social status (Little 45). Considering that he was also a prominent military hero, Washington had enough achievements to be elected to the Virginia provincial legislature. Washington soon was considered as a member of the political elite in Virginia, which allowed him to become one of the central figures of the American Revolution. He was one of the delegates of the Continental Congress, during which the delegates discussed the ways to respond to the British government’s enforcement power. Soon, Washington acknowledged that attempts to overcome controversies are pointless and offered the services of a military commander.

In 1775, George Washington was selected to be the first commander in chief of the Continental Army. From 1775 to 1778, Washington was in the middle of the action. He successfully directed his army during the Siege of Boston, but he failed his next battle as he lost the city of New York. However, he managed to take his revenge as he won decisive victories at Trenton and Princeton at the end of 1776. From 1778 to 1780, Washington was focused on more diplomatic activities. Washington somehow was able to complete the enormous task as the army had constant problems with training and supply. He increased the combat capability and the level of discipline among soldiers, which helped significantly in winning battles. The army was dismissed after peace in 1783, and Washington resigned as commander-in-chief.

The next chapter of Washington’s life began when he became the first President of the United States under the new federal Constitution (Weems 7). There was no doubt that George Washington would win that election as he gained substantial support after being a successful commander-in-chief during the American Revolutionary War. His election was unanimous after all 69 electors voted for Washington, and he was inaugurated in New York City in April 1789.

One of the main goals of Washington’s political course was to continue democratic changes in the country and foster respect for the Constitution among people. He visioned the country as a democratic one; therefore, he made political changes that are consistent with democratic values. Washington improved the functioning of the three branches of government, which are the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. He also addressed the issue of amending the Constitution, supporting the ratification of the United States Bill of Rights. As for the international policy, George Washington wanted it “to be shaped by interest-driven, flexible neutrality—an approach not to be motivated by love or hatred for any other nation” (Estes 750). Such an attitude towards other nations further consolidates the fact that Washington was the man of true democratic values.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More George Washington did everything he could to develop the civil consciousness of American people, as well as a sense of unity. By expressing respect for the Constitution, he promoted the development of democratic ideas among Americans. Another thing worth mentioning is that it was Washington who made November 26 to be the day of Thanksgiving, encouraging national unity. Washington’s vision was summarized in his final presidential letter, The Farewell Address. Washington emphasized that national identity was fundamental for safeguarding freedom and prosperity. He also motivated American people for the future progress of the country by stating that all his achievements during his presidency were due to Americans’ efforts to help the country develop.

George Washington made many contributions to American society. Among the most important ones, he provided firm leadership by his committed work at a crucial period of American history. He became the first President of the United States and also set a precedent, according to which there should be a maximum of two terms for one person. In this regard, Weems states, “Washington would never seek power as an end in itself, nor would he abuse power delegated to him” (10). Besides, George Washington was one of the authors of the Constitution of the United States, fostering respect to it after becoming a President. Another contribution that one should keep in mind is that he was the one to lead the American nation to the independency, while also cultivating democratic values.

All things considered, George Washington played a key role in the history of American society. During his life, he showed his devotion to the development of the country, and his work influenced American society in many different ways. Regarding this, he guided the country to independence, and afterward, as the first President, he was leading it during the hard times of instability, providing a solid base for future development. The most important thing to mention is that, with his democratic vision, Washington cultivated the right values among American people.

Works Cited Estes, Todd. “Addressing America: George Washington’s Farewell and the Making of National Culture, Politics, and Diplomacy, 1796–1852.” Journal of American History, vol. 103, no. 3, 2016, pp. 750–751.

Fagal, Andrew JB. “George Washington and the Making of America.” Reviews in American History, vol. 44, no. 4, 2016, pp. 551-560.

Little, Shelby. George Washington. Pickle Partners Publishing, 2018.

Weems, Mason L. The Life of Washington. Routledge, 2015.

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Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes Essay argumentative essay help

The novel Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes is devoted to serious social and ethical topics – disabled people and the ethics of medical experiments. The author presents the story of a mentally disabled man who wants to become similar to others and agrees to undergo an innovative procedure. He obtains superior intellect but does not become happy. The book covers the problems of friendship, human relationships, and the ethics of experiments. This paper will provide a summary of the novel and an analysis of its main characters and themes. In the end, the author’s opinion on this book will be provided.

The novel is in the name of Charlie Gordon. He is 32 years old, and he is mentally disabled. Charlie works as a floor sweeper and performs other easy tasks. He obtains an opportunity to be rid of his mental problems through surgery. Charlie agrees to participate in the experiment because he sees remarkable results for a laboratory mouse, Algernon, who had a similar procedure (Keyes 286). He writes progress reports regularly to describe the fundamental changes and everything that is done to him by scientists (Gale 1). Charlie hopes to become a genius and to improve his life. However, the reality is different, and he is not happy. Charlie is selected just for the experience, similarly to that mouse, but not to make him a happier person.

Charlie understands the past issues with his family members and friends, which he was not able to study before because of mental disability. Charlie wants to improve his mind to read, write, and to communicate with others. However, in reality, he is similar to a laboratory mouse, and the scientists use him to test a new invention. The operation turns to be unsuccessful, and gradually, Charlie loses his intellect, and his state becomes even worse than it was before the operation. He decides to spend the remaining years of his life in a house for mentally disabled people and asks to put flowers on Algernon’s grave.

The main character is Charlie, and the whole story is connected with his transformations, feelings, and thoughts. At the beginning of the story, he is portrayed as a disabled man who is not happy with his life and wants to become smarter. He looks like a child, but actually, he is ambitious and optimistic. Charlie is much focused on his dreams of a better future, which motivates this character to agree to participate in a risky experiment. By passing this surgical procedure, he hopes to become smarter and happier in his life. However, the reality seems different to him. The author also shows Charlie as a person who wants to love and to be loved, as he lacks those feelings in his current life. His love for Alice makes him happier, but not for an extended period. Charlie’s life story is a tragedy that makes sense of the whole novel, and all other characters are related to Charlie.

Alice Kinnian is a teacher in the school for Retarded Adults where Charlie studies. She wants her students to participate in the experiment because she notices his desire and high level of motivation to become smart and to read and write correctly. She is responsible for Charlie and wants everything to be well during the experiment. For this reason, she remains with Charlie after the operation and assists him at different moments. Alice is sympathetic to her student, and she feels the need to be close to him. Their friendship transforms into love. When Charlie returns to his old mental state, Alice decides to terminate their relationship because it is excruciating for her to see disappointed Charlie.

Matt is Charlie’s father, and he seems to be one of the most loyal members of his family. He tries to protect his son from the abuse of his mother. However, his treatment for Charlie is rather neutral, and he does not want to improve Charlie’s life. After transformation, Matt is not interested in changing relationships with his son. Rose is Charlie’s mother, and her treatment is mostly abusive. She refuses to accept her son and calls him normal. Norma is a younger sister of Charlie, and her treatment of him is similar to her mother’s. Generally, family members of Charlie are indifferent to him and do not provide any assistance. All other main characters, such as Dr. Jayson Strauss, Dr. Guarino, and Mr. Winslow, are specialists working with Charlie during and after the experiment. Initially, they seem to be interested in his improvement and making his life better. Charlie trusts them and does everything they want, but then he understands that they are interested in him only as in a laboratory animal, not a person. Scientists are pragmatic and not humanistic.

The novel covers the theme of ethics in human relationships and science, including the ethics of experimentation on humans. The author shows that scientists use Charlie not to help him or make him happier, but to conduct an experiment. According to Ghoshal and Wilkinson, the changes in Charlie’s mental and emotional state were not considered by scientists, and “were a source of significant distress for him throughout the book” (194). The scientists treat Charlie as an animal or a robot, as Ryder states, “Charlie Gordon also oscillates between the human and the machine, or rather, the robot” (55). In general, the novel focuses on a serious social topic and is timely as well, because scientists may perform similar experiments with disabled people.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The novel Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes should be studied to understand the problems of scientific ethics, human relationships, and treatment of disabled people. The story of Charlie is an example of how the ambitions of scientists and their desire to invent something new can make others unhappy. For them, Charlie was not an individual, but a ‘laboratory mouse’ for their experiment. This story shows that all people should be treated with humanism, and their interests should be more important than a desire to become famous or to make an invention.

To sum up, Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes covers essential themes. It discusses the attitudes towards the disabled, the issue of ethics in science, as well as various relationships between people. By presenting Charlie’s story, the author shows that the happiness of a person should be more important than the goals of science. The interests of those who participate in experiments should be considered as more valuable than the desire to become famous or to make an invention.

Works Cited Ghoshal, Nishan, and Paul O. Wilkinson. “Flowers for Algernon: The Ethics of Human Experimentation on the Intellectually Disabled.” Psychiatria Danubina, vol. 29, no. 3, 2017, pp. 194-195.

Keyes, Daniel. Flowers for Algernon. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2007.

Ryder, Mike. “Microfascism and the Double Exclusion in Daniel Keyes’s Flowers for Algernon.” Foundation: The International Review of Science Fiction, vol. 132, 2019, pp. 54-65.

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Cultural Identity: Problems, Coping, and Outcomes Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents The Problems Associated with Cultural Identity

Coping with the Problems

Evaluation of the Possible Outcomes

Conclusion

Works Cited

People’s awareness of their belonging to a community, which allows them to understand their place in sociocultural space and to navigate in the world around freely is connected with the concept of cultural identity. In its essence, cultural identity is a sense of belonging to a particular culture. Each person needs a certain regulation of his or her life that can be found only in the community of other people, which determines the existence of cultural identity. The essence of cultural identity derives from the fact that a person consciously accepts relevant cultural norms and patterns of behavior, value orientations, and language. Cultural identity contributes to the understanding of one’s self from the standpoint of traditional characteristics accepted in a given society as well as to self-identification with its cultural patterns. Thus, without comprehending the essence of cultural identity and studying its problem, it is difficult to understand the modern world with its multiculturalism and multinational composition.

The Problems Associated with Cultural Identity In the modern world, the relevance of the problem of maintaining cultural identity has increased. The intensification of the processes of globalization, cultural integration, and expansion of contacts between representatives of different countries led to the gradual blurring of boundaries between national cultures and the loss of cultural identity. The standardization of cultural patterns, brought about by the rapid spread of mass culture, has led people to wear the same jeans, listen to the same music, watch the same movies, and follow the same fashion trends (Audretsch et al. 685). Globalization damages national cultures, traditions, customs, myths, and other notions that are tightly connected with the cultural awareness of any region.

Today’s processes of globalization and transformation violate traditional forms of cultural recognition and dissolute feelings of self-identity formed in the framework of previous traditions. This is especially acute in relation to the problem of cultural awareness of representatives of small groups as well as ethnic, religious, and cultural minorities. Their former sense of their own “I,” which was provided by the previous forms of identity, fell into decay (Freire 19). Thus, there is a gap in continuity, when the destruction of one type of identity must be compensated by the identity of another type. The lack of a mechanism for the continuity of identity for modern people began to be accompanied by a feeling of internal discomfort and anxiety, realized in the forms of isolation and strengthening of isolationist tendencies. Isolationism, in turn, prompts tendencies toward the reverse localization of culture and traditions, lifestyles, thoughts, and norms of human behavior.

In connection with the active introduction of popular trends into the life of modern people, which, as a rule, are associated with the US culture, the question of cultural expansion becomes acute. However, modern trends often contradict the interests of transnational corporations. American culture is currently actively influencing the whole world, which can lead to its standardization and the destruction of the rich landscape of cultural diversity (Mendonca et al. 167). In turn, this entails the loss of cultural identity and the construction of many cultures according to the cultural patterns of the United States. Therefore, the biggest problem connected with cultural identity is its total dissolution in global trends.

Coping with the Problems To efficiently deal with the problems related to cultural identity, this phenomenon should be considered as an opportunity to establish socio-cultural ties between generations, different social groups in society, territories of provinces and megacities, and different people. Therefore, people in the modern world must be very responsible for their words, deeds, real appeals, and behaviors. In these conditions, morality should be placed on the first plan as a value uniting people, proving the significance of a separate human person (Audretsch et al. 685). In addition, here, of course, a special role belongs to higher institutions of states, which, using their experience, must rely on cultural reputation and find fundamental points of contact with the authorities in the formation of cultural identity.

The main thing that higher institutions should do is to build respect for individuals and create a humanitarian environment for existence. It is difficult to realize this in conditions of deep contradictions, both ideological and creative. Therefore, states must strive, first of all, for intellectual unification. At the heart of such a union lies cultural identity. All people around the world must understand who they are. It is necessary to stop, clear the cultural platform from all superfluous, alien to mentality literacy, and start again towards the cultural development of society, relying on the world achievements of our multi-ethnic culture (Bennett et al. 78). Accordingly, cultural identification is impossible without cultural unity, without multinational achievements in culture, and without the contribution of all people and ethnic groups to this process.

Evaluation of the Possible Outcomes The more globalization processes penetrate national cultures, the more people strive to protect their internal components, such as language, religion, traditions, culture. That is, in the era of global transformations, the problems of national identity are most acute, which are directly related to the desire of peoples to self-determination in the modern world and with the need to defend and maintain their identity (Freire 18). Indeed, the widely occurring processes of globalization, intruding into the centuries-old patterns of national cultures, entail inter-religious, inter-ethnic tension, which sometimes translates into conflicts that bring many human victims. Unfortunately, at present, separatist ideas and ethnic conflicts have become one of the primary outcomes of cultural identity problems.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hypothetically, in the future, the cause for international conflicts will derive from ethnic and religious differences, since one of the main signs of the separation of people and nations is ethnicity and religion. Precisely religion that acts as one of the key factors hindering ethnic assimilation and thereby contributing to the preservation of cultural identity (Bennett et al. 77). However, this is only one side of the coin. On the other hand, the process of globalization in the sphere of culture can dynamically proceed only in the form of interethnic interaction, taking into account the peculiarities of cultures and religions of various peoples. As the experience of the past shows, quite often, tensions in society and armed clashes are ethnic. Still, if, in addition to ethnic differences, there are also religious differences, armed conflicts are even more acute. Therefore, cultural identity problems may lead to serious consequences in the future.

Conclusion In the process of its evolution, humanity has always faced an alternative choice: morality or immorality, energy or ecology, liberalism, or traditionalism. Therefore, at this moment of history, in the era of globalization, humankind again has to make a choice: to submit to global processes finally and at the same time, accept other people’s values or try to preserve their own cultural traditions. Undoubtedly, the possible outcomes from the cultural identification problems can be adverse; thus, it is the role of states’ higher institutions to handle them efficiently.

Works Cited Audretsch, David B., et al. “A New Perspective on Entrepreneurial Regions: Linking Cultural Identity with Latent and Manifest Entrepreneurship.” Small Business Economics, vol. 48, no. 3, 2017, pp. 681-697.

Bennett, Andy, et al. Music, Space, and Place: Popular Music and Cultural Identity. Routledge, 2017.

Freire, Paulo. Teachers as Cultural Workers: Letters to Those who Dare Teach. Routledge, 2018.

Mendonca, Vitor S., et al. “The Function of Disclosing Errors: New Cultural Challenges for Physicians.” HEC Forum, vol. 31, no. 3, 2019, pp. 167-175.

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Ayn Rand’s Anthem: Individualism and Language Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

Summary

Themes

Character

Discussion

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Anthem a dystopian novella by Ayn Rand, originally published in 1938. It tells the story of a man’s struggle with individuality in a society where it is forbidden. The novella’s central theme is individualism, its relation to progress and humanity, framed as a modern version of the Prometheus myth. It also makes use of a limited vocabulary to illustrate how limited thought is when devoid of the possibility to think of the self. This essay will examine some of Anthem’s themes and its main character.

Summary Anthemfollows Equality 7-2521, a man is living in a conservative collectivist society where individualism has been eliminated. Nothing bears a unique name except a practical descriptor of its function, such as “Home of the Scholars.” Even human beings’ names follow a pattern, consisting of a generic noun like Unity or Similarity, and a number. Technology has collapsed from presumably advanced levels to the point where the newest invention, a candle, had been made a hundred years ago. From an early age, the protagonist notices that he surpasses his peers: taller, smarter than most, and, when he finally sees his reflection for the first time, more beautiful.

Eventually, he finds a ruined tunnel left by the pre-collapse civilization, where he hides and performs various experiments. These experiments finally lead him to rediscover electricity, but when he presents his invention to the Council of Scholars, he is sentenced to death. The device is a transgression and must be destroyed because it was individual thought and research that led to it, and “what is not done collectively cannot be good” (Rand 111).

Equality 7-2521 has no difficulty escaping to the nearby Uncharted Forest with his love interest, where they find joy in their newly rediscovered individuality, and eventually settle down in an abandoned pre-collapse house. As the novella ends, the couple has taken on the names of Prometheus and Gaea. Prometheus plans to eventually return to the City from which they fled to recruit individuals like himself and rebuild an individualistic, independent society.

Themes The central theme in Anthem is individuality, rediscovered as the protagonist is rejected by his society and has to learn to think and act for himself. As he does, he discovers that the world outside of the safe, if restrictive, City, is surprisingly friendly, food is plentiful, and no danger is evident. All one needs is the toil of one’s hands, a value that is prevalent in Rand’s later works. Another theme is the way a limited language prevents people from expressing or even understanding their desires, similar to Orwell’s 1984. In Anthem’s case, it is the individualistic expression that has been abolished, and contrary to other dystopian fiction, this abolition has “resulted in physical and spiritual degradation” (Ashford 14-15). This degradation of language is used in the novella itself, as it only contains 1992 unique words (including plurals, etc.) in its length. There is a noted expansion of the protagonist’s vocabulary in later chapters, after he escapes, associating expression and, through emotion, humanity, with freedom and independence.

There is an allegory to the Prometheus myth, as Equality 7-2521 builds an electrical light (also a source of heat, making it a clear stand-in for fire) to present to the people of the City. This gift is rejected, and it is not God, but the people themselves that punish him. However, in being cast out, he steals another, figurative, fire — the fire of knowledge, individualism — for himself. The technical nature of the device is essential, as technological progress, as brought forth by remarkable individuals, is a significant theme in Rand’s work. “Creation by the individual mind is what makes the human world possible,” associating progress with humanity, as noted by Murnane (141). Anthem presents this association almost literally: the dehumanized, anonymous collective rejects it, and the individual has to bear the burden of discovery.

Character The only character that gets any definition is the protagonist, Equality 7-2521, later Unconquered and Prometheus. A fellow street sweeper is described as his friend, but nothing can be gleaned from his only action in the novella, refusing to betray the hero’s discovery of an abandoned tunnel. Even his love interest, Liberty 5-3000, gets little to no characterization: she follows him into exile, promises to follow him unconditionally, and die with him if necessary (Rand 129). Later she spends time in front of a mirror, suggesting pride in her appearance and possibly vanity. Therefore, Equality 7-2521 and his growth into Prometheus is the only character that shall be discussed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the start of the novella, he is compliant with society’s norms. He does not know the word “I” and only refers to humans, including himself, in the plural. He views his thoughts and actions and sinful — some of the first words the reader sees are, “It is a sin to think words no others think…” (Rand 10). When he is assigned his lifetime duty as a Street Sweeper, he believes he “had been guilty, but now we had a way to atone for it” (Rand 27). However, merely wishing to become a Scholar in the first place is enough to show that he has individuality and ego, but struggles to express them.

Spotting a young woman he likes, the protagonist still struggles to express his thoughts but gives her a unique name — The Golden One. It is a severe transgression since the name “includes the word “one,” a word implying the very individuality that is forbidden by the society” (Knapp 84). Furthermore, the name no longer follows a random pattern, but is directly inspired and describes its owner — precisely, her hair. Not only does this act express Equality 7-2521’s individuality, but acknowledges it in another being, signifying his growth.

In the final chapters, having fled the City and forced to fend for himself, the hero finally finds happiness. His vocabulary expands, culminating in finally learning the word “I” and unlocking a desire not just to be an individual but share his individuality with others. It is his true gift to bring back to society, not the reinvention of a light bulb, the much more literal reference to the myth of Prometheus.

Discussion The use of a limited vocabulary is striking, demonstrating how difficult such seemingly universal concepts as friendship can be hard to express in a society where “all men are our friends” (Rand 33). The protagonist openly struggles with explaining his friendship with another person, and Unity’s confession of love turns into “We are one… alone… and only… and we love you who are one… alone… and only” (Rand 137). These feelings, while directed at another person, rely heavily on the concept of self, which the City’s society attempts to eradicate.

Anthem’s themes and allegories are laid bare. Therefore, the novella is to be viewed as much more metaphorically, intended to be taken as a parable. Like many other dystopias, it serves as a cautionary tale but does so without referring to any particular geography or ideology besides the broad category of collectivism. A future like the one described can happen, according to Rand, anywhere and to any society that begins relying too heavily on the collective in favor of the individual.

Conclusion Anthem is an interesting and important dystopian work and an early display of Ayn Rand’s individualistic ideology. Its themes of individualism and progress would continue to be central to Rand’s future work. While the struggle of the individual in an oppressive society is common to dystopian fiction, Equality 7-2521’s quest puts the search for individuality itself on the forefront, setting Anthem out. In the end, the modern Randian Prometheus’ gift to the people is neither light nor warmth, and it is Ego.

Works Cited Ashford, David. “A New Concept of Egoism”. Johns Hopkins University Press, vol. 21, no. 4, 2014. pp. 977-995

We will write a custom Essay on Ayn Rand’s Anthem: Individualism and Language specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Knapp, Shoshana Milgram. “Ayn Rand’s Anthem: Self-Naming, Individualism, and Anonymity”. A Journal of Onomastics vol. 64, no. 2, 2016, pp. 78-87

Murnane, Ben. Ayn Rand and the Posthuman: The Mind-Made Future. Palgrave Macmillan, 2016

Rand, Ayn, Anthem. Klaus Nordby, 2016, klausnordby.com/anthem/Anthem.pdf. Accessed 15 Aug. 2019

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The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck Essay college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Summary of the Book

Main Characters Tom Joad

The Reverend Casy

Ma and Pa Joad

Main Themes

Personal Opinion

Conclusion

References

The Grapes of Wrath is a novel by John Steinbeck that was published in 1939 and awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction. This book was initially withdrawn from the libraries of New York, Kansas City, and Buffalo because of its detailed description of a hard life. It was also banned in Ireland in 1953 and the Canadian city of Morris in 1982.

However, The Grapes of Wrath is now part of many US school and college curricula. Furthermore, it “created a national sensation for its depiction of the devastating effects of the Great Depression” (1, p. 1). This essay considers the plot, main characters and several crucial issues addressed in the novel, such as family, workers’ lives, and other social problems.

Summary of the Book The story takes place during the Great Depression and begins with the moment when the protagonist, Tom Joad, returns home from prison. He was convicted of accidental murder and was released early for good behavior (2). Returning to his homeland, Tom does not know that strange events are happening on the farm. Now, the owners of the land banish farmers from these sites. They decide to use mechanical devices instead of manual labour as it is much cheaper for them than to support the whole family.

When Tom comes home, he sees that the house is empty and there is no one there. Neighbors said his family was packing up at Uncle John. Relatives meet the man happily, and soon they go to California to find work. On the highway, Tom and his family join other people moving West and make friends with the Wilsons.

However, when former farmers approach California, they meet many refugees who run from these places. It appears that all the information spread through leaflets is propaganda and a hoax. People work virtually for free, and there is a high unemployment rate because of refugees. Nevertheless, despite the rumors, the Joad family continues on their way.

Finally, they decide to stop by the river for a rest, because the road continued through the hot desert. Noah, one of Tom’s brothers, separates from the family and continues to look for work on his own. The rest of the family is forced to go on, as the police suddenly begin to chase them. Crossing the desert, the family loses their grandmother, and they have to spend all their money on her funeral in California.

Finally, Tom and his family are offered to earn some money by collecting fruit. While walking around the neighborhood in the evening, Tom meets the Reverend Casy, who tells him about how he got out of prison. He explains to the protagonist that everyone here is being cheated, and that is why the workers go on strike.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, refugees, who arrived to earn money, prevent them from defending their rights. Casy is also tempting to start to agitate migrants, but Tom knows that hungry people will not agree to it. After the conversation, the preacher is killed at night, and Tom is beaten, but he manages to murder the attacker. The police start looking for him, and, therefore, the Joad family has to drive away.

Soon they stop at a place where the cotton harvest brings them considerable profits. However, his younger sister plays with another child and blurts that her brother is forced to hide because of the murder. Tom understands that it is dangerous for him to stay there, and the work is over. The family has to go to another area, where Tom’s sister Rose gives birth to a dead baby. After that, they find an abandoned barn and meet a boy. He persuades them to help his father who is dying of hunger, and Rose helps him.

Main Characters Tom Joad

In the beginning, the protagonist of the novel has his philosophy, which represents the principle carpe diem. However, when Tom meets the Reverend Casy, he realizes that he needs a longer-term view of his actions. As the family travels West, Tom learns more and more, and Casy teaches him that the only way to be powerful in this world is to join other people and struggle together for a better life. The murder of the Reverend turns Tom into a firm advocate of social justice.

The Reverend Casy

Jim Casy is also one of the main characters of The Grapes of Wrath. He supports the idea of sacrifice and stands against injustice by organizing laborers to fight the terrible conditions they faced in California. At the end of the story, Casy decides that he wants to devote himself to improving the workers’ lives in California. In addition, the Reverend’s death helps change at least one person, Tom Joad, who becomes an activist.

Ma and Pa Joad

These two characters represent complete opposites, as Tom’s mother becomes the center of strength during their trip, while his father weakens. When Pa loses his confidence, Ma tries to hold the family together and takes essential decisions on her own. More than that, this character depicts the theme of sacrifice, like the Reverend Casy. While Pa tries to serve his family as the provider, he isolates more from the rest as finding work is a hard time for him. Eventually, readers may notice that Pa becomes another one of Ma’s children.

Main Themes One of the central themes of The Grapes of Wrath is familial and community support during hard times. John Steinbeck uses the Joad family as an example of mutual assistance and empathy.

Besides, other migrant laborers face hardships and share their sufferings, which allows them to build a strong community. Another critical issue risen in the novel is social injustice (3). Workers are exploited on the plantations, forced to work hard, while they are paid very little money, and the protagonists try to fight this inequality in different ways.

We will write a custom Essay on The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Personal Opinion Observing the settlers, I notice how the author expresses his sympathy with the fate of people who cannot defend their dignity and human rights. I believe that The Grapes of Wrath is a thought-provoking novel as it makes people reconsider their values and principles.

Furthermore, the book teaches to treat each other with respect and kindness, especially in challenging situations. The author explains that “only through solidarity groups of ordinary people can hope to change and transform the system itself” (4, p. 50). Therefore, happiness can be found only when all people strive for it together.

Conclusion The novel The Grapes of Wrath is one of John Steinbeck’s most famous works. The author managed to describe vividly the hardships and problems that working people had to face. It plunges into the era of the Great Depression, which refers to the 30s of the 20th century, and shows the atmosphere of that time in a very detailed way. That is why this book remains popular with readers all over the world in the 21st century.

References Study guide for John Steinbeck’s ‘The Grapes of Wrath’. Farmington Hills: Gale, Cengage Learning; 2015.

Steinbeck J. The grapes of wrath. Brantford: W. Ross MacDonald School Resource Services Library; 2016.

Kaushik M, Atri N. The plight of migrant labor in ‘The Grapes of Wrath’ by John Steinbeck. GNOSIS. 2016 Oct;3(1): 81-87.

Kuelzer L, Houser N. Addressing the living history of oppression and emancipation in American education. J Thought. 2019;38-54.

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Education Theories: Why Literacy Matters? Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Why Literacy Matters in Today’s Society

Discussion and Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Information plays a crucial role in the running of modern society. The ability to receive and transmit information is of great importance. While oral communication plays a role in this task, reading and writing are even more significant in information processing. For this reason, literacy has emerged as an important concept in the modern world.

By definition, literacy is “the ability and the willingness to use reading and writing to construct meaning from the printed text” (Wray 7). Several social, economic, and political benefits are attributed to the attainment of literacy. For this reason, policy makers and governments stress the importance of promoting literacy among their citizens. This paper will set out to discuss why literacy matters and its importance in today’s society.

Why Literacy Matters in Today’s Society Literacy is important since it influences a person’s ability to gain employment and earn a decent wage. Employers consider the literacy level of a prospective employee when making employment decisions. Research reveals that people with poor literacy have the lowest levels of full-time employment in all sectors (Dugdale and Clark 17). The literacy level of an individual often determines his/her wages. Jobs that require high levels of literacy often pay better than those that require little or no literacy.

A person’s earning power is therefore improved by his ability to read and write. Dugdale and Clark declared that improvements in literacy have a profound effect on the economic well being of an individual (5). Improved literacy expands a person’s access to meaningful employment opportunities. According to Dugdale and Clark, good literacy is associated with higher wages and those with higher levels of literacy are more likely to have investments.

Without good literacy, an individual is at a high risk of being stuck in a low-paying job or even suffering from unemployment. The poor wages earned by the low literacy individual make it probable that he will live in overcrowded neighborhoods and depend on government relief. Research reveals that individuals with improved literacy are less likely to be on state benefits and more likely to own their own homes compared to persons with poor literacy (Dugdale and Clark 5).

Another reason why literacy is important is that it leads to better health outcomes for the person. Literacy impacts on health in a number of important ways. Directly, it increases the capability of an individual to engage in self-care. Pignone and DeWalt explain that high literacy makes it possible for patients to acquire optimal self-care knowledge and skills since they are able to attain and process complex information (897).

In such situations, the patient with poor literacy will be unable to process the information leading to adverse outcomes. In addition to this, literacy contributes to the acquisition of information on health-related matters. People with improved literature are more aware of the health risks they face and the ways in which they can mitigate these risks and achieve good health. Literacy has an indirect impact on health since it influences the lifestyle choices of individuals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Research shows that there is a relationship between literacy and the probability that a person will engage in behavior that is detrimental to his/her health such as consuming fast foods, smoking, and drinking. Dugdale and Clark document that individuals with higher literacy consumed alcohol more responsibly and smoked less compared to poor literacy individuals (37). Lifestyle choices diseases such as heart attacks, liver cirrhosis, and lung cancer are therefore more likely to afflict those with low literacy skills.

Literacy makes a direct contribution to the growth of the nation’s economy. Street notes that literacy can be viewed in terms of the development of human resources for the economy (46). When viewed this way, literacy is an elementary skill that is crucial to the attainment of vocational and professional skills and knowledge. Individuals who possess some level of literacy can make a greater contribution to the economic prosperity of their nation.

The modern global economy is increasingly knowledge-based (Street 46). Knowledge has become the most important driver for productivity and economic growth, especially in the developed world. Information, technology, and learning play a crucial role in the economic performance of the nations. A highly literate population is, therefore, a very important asset to the nation. When a significant portion of the population is literate, the country has access to a wide pool of skilled laborers.

Finally, literacy promotes involvement by the citizens in the political process in the country. Highly literate individuals understand how a democratic government works. They know their rights and realize that they can make a difference by involving themselves in the political process. For this reason, they are more likely to vote and actively participate in the democratic process (Akanbi 18).

This observation is confirmed by UNESCO studies which show that individuals with higher literacy are more likely to participate in elections and local associations compared to individuals with poor literacy (Stromquist 5). Literacy enables individuals to not only acquire information on voting in an election but also find out about the various policies and agendas that particular candidates champion. Based on such information, the individual is able to make an informed choice during the voting activity.

In addition to this, literacy promotes participation in the policy-making process. Akanbi explains that the literate individual is exposed to information about his/her environment including the government and public institutions (18). The individual is able to present his views on matters of importance to the authorities.

Literacy makes it possible for the person to directly communicate with the government apparatus. Akanbi asserts that any formal communication with government institutes requires print communication (18). Literacy therefore enables people to express their opinion on the affairs of the community.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Education Theories: Why Literacy Matters? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Discussion and Conclusion There is a significant relationship between literacy and several desirable socio-economic and political goods. Literacy makes a positive contribution to the economic prosperity of an individual and promotes good health. It also fosters the economic development of a nation and increases political participation. Poor literacy prohibits individuals from accessing these goods and benefiting from them. It can, therefore, be asserted that literacy is not just a desirable attribute, but an essential life skill.

This paper set out to discuss why literacy is important in today’s world. It began by acknowledging the significance of information in society today. The paper then described some of the wider benefits of literacy. It has shown that literacy contributes to the attainment of development indicators ranging from good health to poverty alleviation.

The political participation of citizens is also influenced by their literacy levels. Considering the significant benefits of literacy, more effort should be dedicated to increasing the literacy levels of all members of society. Such a move would ensure that the benefits of literacy are enjoyed universally.

Works Cited Akanbi, Murtala. “Impact of Adult Literacy Programmes on Political Empowerment of Women in Kwara State.” International Journal of African and Asian Studies 2.1 (2013): 17-22. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

Dugdale, George and Christina Clark. Literacy changes lives: An advocacy resource. London: National Literacy Trust, 2008. Print.

Pignone, Michael and Darren DeWalt. “Literacy and Health Outcomes: Is Adherence the Missing Link?” J Gen Intern Med 21.8 (2006): 896–897. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

Street, Brian. Literacy and Development: Ethnographic Perspectives. NY: Routledge, 2002. Print.

Stromquist, Nelly. The political benefits of adult literacy. Washington: UNESCO, 2005. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Education Theories: Why Literacy Matters? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Wray, David. Literacy: Major Themes in Education. NY: Taylor

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Dubai Trade in the Private Sector Research Paper essay help free: essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Data

Analysis

Introduction The research will relate to Dubai Trade in the private sector. People will be asked of their involvement and knowledge of the workplace, as well as behavior and attitude patterns, will be established to come to specific results. As it is much involved in international business, people of different ages and backgrounds will come together in the process.

The study will outline any similarities and common themes that are predominant in the Dubai Trade. The method used for the research will be in the form of a survey. People will be presented a questionnaire with questions related to their workplace.

There will be details such as income, the reasons why someone chose to work in the private sector, the interdependence between working in the private sector, and the resolving of issues. Also, questions about the working relationships will be asked, about interaction with others, their gender, and the freedom of the communication. Subjects will rate the quality and easiness of interaction with other colleagues and the availability of responses.

Data The subjects of the study were both female and male. Ages varied from 20 years old to 42 years of age. Two people had salaries that were the lowest, which is 5,000 to 10,000. Almost half had salaries in the range of 11,000 to 20,000, and the other half was above 21,000. The reasons for choosing to work in the private sector were described as having better benefits at work, more opportunities in the advancement of the career and the working hours.

All people who participated in the study answered “Yes” to the question “Does working in the private sector give you the freedom to resolve your working issues?” Out of all participants, four people rated their freedom of interaction with the opposite gender at number 3.

The other half of people chose 4 and 5. The easiness of communication between employees was rated at three by five people, and the rest were 4 and 5. When asked about the kan knowledge of others’ names, five people somewhat knew the names of their colleagues and the rest were pretty good with names. Eleven people answered that they participated in the employees’ social gatherings at work, eight people got involved some of the time, and one persona answered “No.”

Analysis The survey showed that people were very much participating and interacting with others on a level that is high and desired. People felt comfortable discussing issues, and the fact that they were willing to be included in the social gatherings shows that the work community is very well established.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The work environment is shown to have an equal understanding of the work issues and the interaction between employees. This leads to believe that people are mutually understanding and feel easy to communicate with others. The overall results of the income show that people have a well-paid job that is of a stable salary.

Conclusion: the results of the survey have proven to be beneficial in better understanding the work environment of Dubai Trade. The private sector contains people that are willing to work with others and have a good time doing it. International relations can sometimes be problematic because of animosity and misunderstandings, but Dubai Trade has created an environment that is easy to handle. This leads to people being more productive at work with the ability to enjoy their surroundings.

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Blatter’s Remarks on Ronaldo and Its Impact for Real Madrid Proposal online essay help

FIFA president Sepp Blatter’s “light-hearted” comments on Real Madrid’s forward Christiano Ronaldo could not have come at a worse time. Although the Swiss have since personally apologized to the Real Madrid player for his “unacceptable hair expenses” comment when he was asked to compare Ronaldo against Lionel Messi during his address to the Oxford Union last week, the football club is reading malice especially coming at a time when players for the prestigious Ballon d’Or award were awaiting nomination (Aspin para. 1-4).

It is common knowledge that Real Madrid has been preparing for the occasion to overthrow Barcelona during this year’s FIFA’s World Player of the year presentation. Both Christian and Messi have been nominated to compete for FIFA’s Ballon d’Or, along with other European soccer heavyweights such as Gareth Bale, Franck Ribery, Arjen Robben, Andrea Pirlo, Andres Iniesta, Philip Lahm and Bastian Schweinsteiger (Ingle para. 1-7).

Although Messi has been outstanding this year, though not to the level and shape he was between 2009 and 2012 when he rocked the world by being crowned the most prolific and professional player four years in a row (Ingle para. 20), Ronaldo’s exceptional form in recent times means that the player could be on spot to topple the Argentine International. Such an achievement definitely means much for Ronaldo, but so much more for Real Madrid.

It therefore came as a surprise for Real Madrid when last week FIFA’s president Sepp Blatter admitted openly to preferring Messi over Ronaldo, and went further to describe Messi as “good boy” before going on to say, in perceptible reference to the Portugal international, that “one has more expenses for the hairdresser than the other” (Aspin para. 5).

The FIFA boss didn’t stop there; rather he went a step further to liken Messi to “a good boy who every mother and father would like to have at home”, and Ronaldo to “a commander on the field of play” (Aspin para. 17-19). It is these remarks that have catapulted Real Madrid’s president Florentino Perez into branding Blatter’s comments as unacceptable, disrespectful and unfair to a professional football player who has a wide fan base around the world (Aspin para.1-7). The Portuguese Football Association also reacted angrily to the comments and called upon Blatter to provide an explanation on what he really meant.

Although Blatter’s original descriptions of the two players came during a question and answer session at a university event, Real Madrid is reading much more that the “light-hearted comments” explanation provided by Blatter when he was apologizing to Ronaldo, particularly coming only a few days before Ronaldo was nominated as a candidate for FIFA’s World Player award along Messi and other players.

The dynamics of such unconcealed comments on the character of a player of international repute such as Ronaldo, in the view of Perez, could influence the voting pattern for the Ballon d’Or, with the Real Madrid forward hoping to put to an end Lionel Messi’s domination of the coveted award (Aspin para. 2).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This view is validated by the fact that although the judging panel for this year’s Ballon d’Or – comprising national coaches, captains, and journalists – are supposed to vote sorely on professional achievements of soccer players, reputation will inevitably play a critical part during selection (Ingle para. 3).

Drawing from the reputation theory, it is not difficult to understand why Real Madrid’s president reacted angrily to the comments, and also why the club may not share in the joy of having one of its key players selected as FIFA World Player of the year early next year. Going by the fact that Messi’s reputation will definitely count for him should it matter during the selection process (Ingle para. 9), the last thing Real Madrid needs right now is an affront to the character and reputation of it No. 1 contender – Christiano Ronaldo.

Not only did Blatter express a preference for Messi over Ronaldo, but his comments could be considered as an affront to the character and reputation of Ronaldo in his bid to overturn Messi’s winning streak in previous FIFA’s World Player awards, particularly in light of the fact that the shortlist for the 2013 FIFA Ballon d’Or for both players and managers has already been announced (De Menezes para. 1).

As an influential figure in FIFA, Blatter should have known better than to provide comments that would later be construed as a serious slight on Christiano Ronaldo in particular and Real Madrid in general (Aspin para. 3). The FIFA boss may have dispatched a personal apology to Ronaldo, but it appears that the damage to the reputation and character of the player has already been done going by the reactions of the club’s president, Coach Carlo Ancelotti, as well Portuguese Football Federation (Rogers para. 1).

Real Madrid needs Ronaldo to win the coveted FIFA World Player of the year come January 2014 and prove the critics wrong, but such comments coming from the man at the helm of the world football governing body are counterproductive to healthy competition for the prize. Tellingly, the comments may mean more for Ronaldo’s and Real’s attempt at the coveted prize than the mere “light-hearted” postulations of the FIFA boss.

Works Cited Aspin, Guy. “FIFA President Sepp Blatter Apologizes to Christiano Ronaldo after Real Madrid Anger over Unacceptable Hair Expenses Comment.” The Independent. 2013. Web.

De Menezes, Jack. “FIFA 2013 Ballon d’Or Shortlist – The Run Down of the 23 Men Nominated for the World Player of the Year Award.” The Independent. 2013. Web.

We will write a custom Proposal on Blatter’s Remarks on Ronaldo and Its Impact for Real Madrid specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ingle, Sean. “Ballon d’Or 2013: Lionel Messi any not Have It All His Own Way This Year.” The Gurdian. 2013. Web.

Rogers, Iain. “Blatter’s Ronaldo Remarks Prompt Angry Response.” Reuters. 2013. Web.

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Teacher Career: Caring Leadership Report college essay help online: college essay help online

Introduction Leaders can influence their team in many ways. Motivation is particularly used to create positive change and influence within teams. Within the context of education, leading teachers have immeasurable prospects of expanding their influences beyond the boundaries of schools (Danielson, 2007). Teachers who are leaders often have great visions that go beyond their schools and teaching profession.

In most cases, the intentions of such leaders are to influence the communities as well as other organizations not related to the education sector. Such teachers tend to find the associations that the schools have with the communities and other organizations. Also, teacher leaders tend to find how such systems are influenced by their activities as well as the operations of the schools (Dweck, 2010).

Moreover, the leaders in the teaching profession recognize the fact that the experiences students draw from schools depend on various interactions with subjects not only within the school environment but also within the external systems including the communities as well as other organizations.

Transformational leadership exhibited in teacher leaders instructs, motivates, and enables the student followers to mature fast and self-actualize. Also, the transformational leadership qualities take into consideration the well-being, concerns as well as the ideals of the followers (Fullan, 2007).

The leadership model that is aimed at creating positive change and intends to develop the students is considered progressive. These are the models of leadership influential teachers exhibited on the African Americans to create change and inspire them towards the attainment of academic credentials.

Studies indicate that the prevailing apprehensions the Africans Americans face are based on problems experienced by these group of Americans. The problems range from unfairness and inequalities in all aspects of their public life to extreme racism experienced. Therefore, transformational leadership if prescribed properly and executed, can help in addressing the concerns of African Americans.

The paper tends to examine the positive influence of leadership on African Americans as well as teachers and students beyond the schooling system. In particular, the paper will critically examine the teacher leader influence on the students as well as teachers beyond their schooling experiences. The paper begins by examining the need of influential leaders, particularly within the modern schooling system. The paper then examines the written literature on the subject before providing the conclusion.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Problem statement The current societies have exceptional demands on schools that need good leadership capabilities. Also, the behaviors of students are influenced by increased environmental factors brought about by technological developments and globalization. Moreover, the current economic conditions foster limited parent-student relationships.

Further, the globalization and the market competition have forced firms to look for employees who show good leadership capabilities besides their skills in the areas of their competence. Moreover, the diversification required in the workplace has placed a high demand on all-around students. Considering all these factors, learning institutions need to change their strategies in learning, particularly in leadership capabilities.

Studies indicate that schools with influential leaders have increased chances of attaining the expectations of society. Having good leadership capabilities is critical for the success of not only the schooling system but also the surrounding communities. Despite the spiraling schools in almost all countries, effective leadership capabilities have not been achieved.

The disparities between the black students and the white students in terms of academic achievement have also put a lot of pressure for schools to have influential leadership. Therefore, it is critical for academic institutions to have teacher leaders who not only influence the behavior and achievement of students in school but also when they are out of school.

Literature review Influence of positive leadership on African Americans

African Americans have continuously faced numerous shortcomings in securing leadership positions at various levels of management due to the glass ceiling that impose numerous bottlenecks in their aspirations to achieve such positions. However, the accumulation of diverse experiences at the workplaces has enabled the realization of potentials that are vital in the achievement of vibrant leadership attributes (Fullan, 2007). In essence, the African Americans have been subject racial stereotyping, iniquitous evaluations as well as discrimination, thereby leading to a lack of prospects for leadership spots. For instance, the Critical race theory embraced the status quo, thereby denying African Americans social justice to accept leadership spots.

Reasons for increased leadership capabilities in schools

There are many reasons that explain why it is necessary to have leaders that influence their areas of jurisdiction. In the context of schooling, teachers need to have leadership skills that go beyond their schools. According to Danielson (2007), teaching is a profession that can be described as flat.

Therefore, teachers need more responsibility than what they have in classes. In other words, teachers can only assume leadership roles when they rise to administrative positions. The reason why the teaching profession is described as flat is that the responsibility of the teachers are essentially the same despite the experience the teacher may have (Danielson, 2006). In other words, teaching roles of a twenty-year experienced teacher is the same as newly recruited in the profession.

We will write a custom Report on Teacher Career: Caring Leadership specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The only avenue through which teachers can rise to the leadership position is when they assume the administrative positions. Teachers also need to have responsibilities that are beyond the administrative responsibilities and have an influence that is wider in scope (Dweck, 2010).

Teachers also need to fulfill their desire for leadership that influences their communities as well as other organizations that not only have relations with the school system but also with the communities. In other words, teacher leaders need to influence change in both the school and the outside environment.

Teachers also have long durations practicing their profession besides being in leadership positions. The time taken in an administrative position is limited compared to the practicing time. In most settings, teachers remain in influential positions only when they are administrators (Danielson, 2006). The leading roles only concentrate on administrative issues and do not go beyond the schooling system. Conversely, teachers are the custodian of institutional memory.

Similarly, teachers determine both institutional and community culture. Teachers have the capability of shaping the culture of the surrounding communities. Therefore, communities that want to progress must make investment decisions that promote and develop good leadership skills in the teachers of their schools (Dweck, 2010).

The teacher leaders are in a better position to undertake long-term projects that have benefits, which go beyond the schooling system. Also, such leader teachers will open more avenues or prospects that will benefit the schools and the surrounding communities.

Moreover, the current system requires visionary leadership, particularly in the education system. The school principles and administrators should have the capability of instilling the sense of purpose in their staff, students, parents, as well as other stakeholders (Ferlazzo, 2012). In other words, teacher leaders should be visionary, competent, and instructional.

They should be competitive because they have the capability of maintaining and developing not only the schooling facilities but also meet their funding abilities. Teacher leaders are also accountable and must respond to the requirements of all the stakeholders. Also, teacher leaders must also devote much of their time towards the development and growth of their schools (Ferlazzo, 2012). In essence, there is a need for school leadership that not only considers the schooling system but also the occurrences in the surrounding environment.

Scherer (2011) further argue that most of the school administrators have limited leadership skills, particularly concerning the aspects of community responsibilities. Most of the administrators or principles have expertise related to the areas of their specialization. No individual leader can have expertise in everything.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Teacher Career: Caring Leadership by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, good leadership skills require the mobilization of the expertise and skills and professional knowledge required for sustainability, growth, and development of an organization as well as the surrounding communities. Given these factors, the success of any institution as well as the surrounding communities depends on the teacher leaders that show competency, accountability, and expertise in administrative as well as leadership issues (Scherer, 2011).

Teacher leadership beyond schooling system

The contribution of teachers to the progress of the students, while they are out of school, is critical for not only the development of the student but also for the teachers (Danielson, 2006). The opportunity for the teacher leadership to contribute to the positive life of a student beyond the schooling system begins when they exert their leadership abilities across the school.

Some of the areas in which the teacher leader can influence the students’ life beyond schooling include grading system, the master’s programs, and the alumni programs (Harrison

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TAP Company’s Ethical Culture Case Study college admission essay help

Table of Contents TAP like privately-owned institution

Corruption trends

Reference list

The ethical culture at TAP was very weak. This is because it allowed and encouraged workers and business associates to engage in corruption and bribery. Anyone that was not engaged this negative conduct was sneered upon and was regarded a traitor to the system. The culture at TAP appears to have been in alignment.

This is because the senior heads of the company installed measures to ensure that the culture at the company was in line with their primary aspiration and goal, which was to make money by any means necessary. Had Durand not intervened, there is a high likelihood that the system would still be running in the same way, with each new individual being coerced to follow the trend.

However, the positive end of the case came through to show that a strong ethical culture will always work for the good of the institution as well as the individuals working in it. Durand ended up making millions of dollars because of his unwavering ethics.

TAP like privately-owned institution TAP like most other privately-owned institutions, was bent on profit making. In this regard, the members of senior management, in cohorts with the owners of the companies, would use every trick in the book to drive up profits, including tax evasion and under hand deals.

TAP was involved in rampant corruption, characterized by unaccounted for cash handouts being offered to urologists and doctors getting non-monetary gifts such as televisions and office equipment (Trevino and Nelson, 2011). It was later revealed that these tokens were dished out in order to allow the products from TAP gain an undue advantage amongst competing products.

In his change effort, Durand targeted the company reps and the cultural system of receiving tokens for work done. In this regard, Durand encouraged accountability by giving monetary rewards (in terms of bonuses) to the individuals who kept their records clean and straight (Trevino and Nelson, 2011).

The Strategy worked very well, because looking at the situation from the perspective of the reps, they had nothing to lose by working in conjunction with Durand. By collaborating with Durand, they still made the financial gains they were making by engaging in corruption.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The system that was missing, and eventually caused the change process to fail, was the reinforcement authority. The senior heads of the company found Durand’s approach threatening to their tax-evasion plans, because by keeping clean records, the federal authority could easily track identify the loopholes.

Corruption trends With time, corruption trends had become assimilated as part of the organization’s culture such that even when Durand came up with an alternative plan to encourage accountability, it was thrown out the window, because it was seen to affect the company’s profits. Durand’s effort failed principally because there was no support from the senior-level management.

Durand had come up with a perfect plan to encourage the workers to be straight-forward in their dealings but after the bonuses were withdrawn, the gains that he had already made were reversed. In the end, it had to take the legal system and by extension the sentencing guidelines to get the TAP to own up to their crimes.

Without the influence of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, TAP would not have made the committed effort to promote ethical behavior among employees. Ultimately, TAP ended up suffering more financial consequences than they would have had they reinforced Durand’s approach.

Reference list Trevino, L.K.,

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Electricity as the Best Invention Research Paper college essay help

The contemporary world and its society are known for the highly developed technologies that make people’s lives easier and simpler. The number of useful and sophisticated inventions grows nearly every day. The scientists work on new ways of studying the world we live in, exploring its resources and using them to improve our quality of life.

This process began centuries ago, yet its most active stage was launched in the middle of the nineteenth century, and one of the major moving forces of the rapid technological development was the reception and application of electricity.

The period of time when the scientists of Europe first started using electricity to create powerful engines and high functioning mechanisms gave a push to such processes as industrialization, urbanization, and globalization; it made a massive impact on the world’s society, its way of living, and habits, it produced massive cultural, political and economic changes.

There is a common misconception that electricity actually may be an invention, but it is one of the natural forms of energy, it has always existed on our planet so it could not possibly be “invented”. The most influential and powerful invention was the discovery of electricity and of ways of using it for various technologies.

Historically, some of the first encounters humans made with electricity date back to Ancient Greece, when people first discovered the rubbing fur and amber together created the attraction between the two surfaces and also lighter objects, which occurred due to static electricity (Atkinson, 2014). This cannot be called a discovery because the reasons or practical use of this phenomenon were not understood.

The more recent interest towards electricity started to form in the 1600s when William Gilbert, inspired by the writings of ancient Greeks created his own work about magnetism, he also was the one who introduced the term “electrical” (Bellis, 2014). After that, such scientists as Descartes, Fermat, Grimaldi, Hooke, Von Guericke and Gray developed the knowledge about electricity.

In 1747 came Franklin’s theory of positive and negative electric charges (History of Electricity from its Beginning, 2012). This theory was followed by Faraday’s discovery of electric induction and the work of electric currents. Finally, the geniuses of Edison and Tesla brought light to all the average households and made the first hydroelectric engines and plants possible (The History of Electricity, 2014).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ever since electricity and its qualities and possibilities were discovered the speed of technological progress in our world has been growing. The discovery of electricity became the necessary basis for the occurrence of multiple other sciences and inventions that are constantly used and are of crucial meaning in the contemporary world.

The modern society, its life and well being depends on electricity wholly. We cannot imagine our lives without cell phones, computers, the internet, coffee makers, toasters, washing machines, and microwave ovens, and all of these devices work due to electricity, but we often forget that more crucial needs of ours are fulfilled with the help of this discovery (Electricity, women and the home, n. d.).

For example, light in our cities, streets, and homes is electricity, water in our taps is running because of electrical pumps. The impact of electricity on the society of the world and its lifestyle is hard to overestimate. Today it is responsible for our survival.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century at least eighty percent of the population of our planet lived in rural areas and worked in agriculture, the appearance of electric engines created many workplaces in the cities and enforced the process of urbanization. In the modern world, the majority of people live in or close to urban areas.

This is how electricity changed our social geography. Besides, electricity has made an impact on the taste of our food, our education, our medicine and communication (Valdes, 2012). Electricity in hospitals helps to save millions of lives every day. The internet and cell phones have speeded up the world’s communication massively, changed the way people interact with each other. Electricity gave us new modes of transportation too – trams, trains, and trolleybuses function due to electric power.

Basically, the major electric generators are responsible for human life support. Besides, such huge inventions as nuclear power and space exploration are possible because of the discovery of electric power. Electricity and the knowledge of its current, its qualities and effects, its structure and capacities are the discoveries that influenced our world, changed it, shaped it into what we know today. Every human-made object we can touch or see today was made with the help of electricity one way or another.

Our culture and art also depend on electricity a lot, for example, some of the most ancient paintings and manuscripts are preserved with the help of refrigerators working from electricity. The modern mass media such as radio and television exist because of electricity. The music is written, played and delivered to the audiences today with the help of electricity.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Electricity as the Best Invention specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Finally, neurosurgery works through the understanding of electric impulses human brain sends to the body making it function. Electricity constantly penetrates humans, this world, and every aspect of life; this is why its discovery can be considered the most influential and important invention.

Reference List Atkinson, N. (2014). Who Discovered Electricity? Web.

Bellis, M. (2014). History of Electricity. Web.

Electricity, women and the home. (n. d.). Science Museum. Web.

History of Electricity from its Beginning. (2012). Scholz Electrical. Web.

The History of Electricity, (2014). Code-Electrical. Web.

Valdes, C. (2012). Electricity: How it Changed the World Forever. Web.

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The Cattle Drivers’ Music Report scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

At a pancake breakfast hosted by the Columbia Land Conservancy in Hudson, New York, on March 22, 2013, music was provided by a soloist and helpers calling themselves The Cattle Drivers. Guitar and banjo accompanied solo or harmonized song with various helpers, some of whom were on the staff of the CLC.

The genre of music was not limited to bluegrass, despite the prominence of the banjo, and the spirited picking and strumming. The musicians performed some country and western songs without announcing their names. They also, to an enthusiastic response, performed some popular soft-rock ballads from the 1960s, including several now popular with small children, such as the Beatles’ Yellow Submarine, John Lennon and Paul McCartney.

They also offered several protest songs, including If I Had a Hammer, by the locally prominent environmental activist Pete Seeger, and Lee Hays. Another unnamed piece mourned the disappearance of family farms. They also invited requests.

The lead guitarist carefully avoided overwhelming the appreciative audience with volume. When one of the volunteer singers was unfamiliar with the song, they improvised, and did so very competently. The result was not perfect but unembarrassed and pleasant.

There was a mix of fast and slow songs, mostly in the common 4/4 rhythms of rock-and-roll. The bluegrass pieces were in either 2/8 or 6/8 and involved a lot of fast finger work. When the director of the CLC picked up the banjo, everyone paid attention to his picking.

The physical space was a very simply decorated high ceilinged room in the 9th-century brick building known as Hudson’s Mansion, formerly used by the Elks Club, and now much renovated. It is just off the main street of the town of Hudson which is the county seat and boasts several hundred antique dealers.

The outside of the structure is very handsome and striking, with towers and battlements of brick. The room was very hot, but the attendees seemed pleased to be out of the cold. The smell of pancakes, maple syrup, ham, and sausage filled the air. The Cattle Drivers played on a tiny, barely raised stage.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The crowd was made up of supporters of the organization, apparently both from the local small town rural agricultural community as well as from New York City. Some were very fashionable, and some were dressed as though they were going hunting. There were a great many small children there as well, some with parents and others clearly with grandparents.

There was a constant movement of people greeting each other table to table, which is one reason that some of the songs’ announcements went unheard.

This did not mean that no one was listening to the music, but rather that the Cattle Drivers were not yelling between songs when they shared the titles of the pieces (if they shared the titles at all). Rather, the audience was there for food and companionship. Volunteers shared stories of birds, beavers, and fish sighted. The music was an extra joy, but the main event was getting together.

This was explicitly a chance to get volunteers and donors and together and build cohesion around issues of open lands preservation. There were several announcements of honors received by the organization, and new pieces of land acquired for preservation from development. The staff mingled with the guests and explained their plans for new hiking trails and educational programs.

The concert was lively without intruding on the conversation, eating, and fund-raising. The mix of bluegrass, country, vintage pop, and protest offered something for every listener. The playing was workmanlike, and the volunteer helpers were cheerful about their errors. The audience was entirely supportive and forgiving of any mistakes. This was a colorful and warm experience in every sense of the word.

Instructions: Your task is to attend and observe a music event, and analyzes it as part of a music-culture; then to share your experience in a short talk, as well as create a brief ethnography (written documentation) of the musical expression.

Select a performance of live music this semester, at either an event sponsored by the university or off-campus. We will discuss your topic in class during February. You may attend any type of event in which music is performed, including but not limited to religious services on or off campus, cultural shows, sporting events, dances, weddings, karaoke, performances by the Music Department’s ensembles, street music, etc.

We will write a custom Report on The Cattle Drivers’ Music specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Decide soon what performance you will attend, including: the date and location, genre of music, names of performers (if known). Also, think of and write out (at least) six preliminary questions — about the performance, the music, and the community/culture — for which you hope to find answers in the course of attending the performance. You do not need to list these in your paper.

Attend this performance of music. Be sure to arrive early and stay until the end of the performance. NOTE: You must attend a live show after reading this assignment (that is, you cannot watch a video, and you cannot write about something you’ve already seen).

Observe various aspects of the performance, try to answer your Preliminary Questions, and include summaries of both of the following areas in your report:

Genre, Musicians, Music, Ensemble What is the genre of music?

What are the names of the composers of the music? When did they live?

Who are the musicians, and what is their group’s name?

What instruments are being played? In what textures?

Are there solos? Solos with ensembles? The only ensemble playing?

How long are the pieces of music? How many pieces?

Is there much repetition?

Do the musicians improvise or play composed music or both?

What rhythms can you count? What are the tempos? Is there variety?

Context, Audience, Interaction, Behavior What is the physical space where music happens? Describe it.

What is the setting and context of the performance?

Is there anything unusual about the performance?

How does the audience behave? Are they all doing similar things?

Describe the behavior of musicians and audience – imagine your reader has never been to any concerts and has no way of knowing how people act.

What do some of the musicians and audience members and/or event staff have today to you? Interview them if possible.

How do musicians and audience interact?

What is the purpose and meaning of the performance?

Is a community formed because of the show? Is it re-affirmed by the show?

UNH Mu 111 — Introduction to Music — Prof. Getter p.2 Paper and Presentation

Give a short (1 to 2 minutes) talk in class about your concert, in which you tell us about the musical and social aspects of your performance. Please do NOT plan to use any audio, visual, handouts or computer aids in your presentation.

Type a 2 to 3-page Report on the event, answering as many of the above questions as possible. Describe the concert for someone who has never heard this type of music; that is, assume that your reader does not know the performance genre or community.

Notes on writing style and format

You must use correct citations for quoted materials, interviews, recordings, books, articles, websites, and all sources consulted. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense.

You must type your report, and submit it on paper.

It should be about 2-3 page in length.

Use 1 1/2 or double line spacing (do not use single line spacing).

Use a standard 10-12 point plain font such as Verdana, Arial, or Times New Roman.

Use standard margins.

Proofread your work, and use a spell checker.

In your document, be sure to include your name, the date, the course and section numbers, and the name of this assignment.

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Advertising Effectiveness in the Business Environment Report essay help

Introduction The business environment has become increasingly competitive as a result of the increased number of organizations venturing into business, as well as the advancement of technology that has been so rapid for the last couple of decades. As a result, organizations have been finding ways they can increase their performance. One such way would be increase the level of sales.

This would involve proper marketing of the goods and services of the organization. There are a number of ways that are adopted in marketing. They can be referred to as the strategies of marketing. One such strategy is advertising. It is one of the most famous ways of marketing and has been used by business organizations for a relatively long period compared to other strategies.

Advertising can be defined as a strategy of marketing communication whereby the marketers persuade and encourage people to buy the goods and services of an organization. The aim is to create an urge to buy, which did not exist initially. In other words, the marketer aims at manipulating the audience so that they can buy the goods and services or influence consumer behavior in regard to a commercial offering (Landa 23).

It should be noted that advertisement can be done for other reasons other than influencing people to buy. For instance, advertising could be done to influence people to take a particular action. It could be a political or an ideological form of advertisement.

An organization needs to ensure that it implements effective strategies to be adopted in the advertisement to make it effective. With the high level of competition in the business world, organizations need to perfect their advertisement. This essay focuses on ways through which advertising can be made effective.

Advertising effectiveness The advertisement industry is one that is faced with a lot of challenges. It is a very important industry in the business world. The advertisement needs to be well planned for it to be effective. As been mentioned earlier, advertisement has the ability to improve the performance of an organization.

However, for it to be effective, the marketing manager needs to identify what works and what does not work in the advertisement campaign. It should be noted that this is an industry that has a low-quality assurance due to its nature. In other words, it is not easy to measure the exact effectiveness of the advertisement campaign.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Purposes of advertising There are a number of reasons why an organization needs to do advertisement. Advertising is an activity that organizations need to take seriously because of its implications on business performance. The advertisement has a direct effect on the sales and profitability of the organization. The prime reason why business organizations are created is to make profits.

Therefore, anything that can increase the profitability will always be welcome to any business. It can be said that one of the reasons why advertising is done is to increase the level of sales in the organization by influencing more customers to buy. An increase in sales will then lead to an increase in profitability. The company will need to convince the customers that its products and services are the best in the market (Mohan 227).

The company should have facts about the product to easily convince the customer. However, it is imperative to note that an increase in sales will only have a positive effect on the profits if the cost of advertising is lower than the marginal increment in sales as a result of advertising. In other words, advertising will only be effective if it is done at an economical cost.

The other reason why advertising is done is to deliver the message regarding a product or a service to the customer. When a company starts producing goods or services, there are high chances that the potential customers may not know about them or the company, especially if it is a new company.

This awareness is created through advertising. This purpose is only effective if the company is new or when an existing company starts producing a new product or offering a new service.

Enhancing the image of the company could be another reason why a company should do advertising. The image of a company is considered as a very significant competitive tool as it gives the company a very strong competitive edge. Advertising helps in creating company royalty to the customers. Advertising should preach the good gospel about the company. It can tell the activities of the company, including the CSR activities.

This purpose of advertisement, if well executed, will make the activity effective to the company as it will create brand loyalty and a good company image, thereby giving the business a competitive advantage (Mohan 229). Demonstrating how the products are used is another reason why a company needs to do advertising.

We will write a custom Report on Advertising Effectiveness in the Business Environment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Customers are not likely to buy a product they are not able to use or one they do not know its use. It is, therefore, the duty of the company to show the customers how the product is used. This goes a long way in creating an urge to buy. In case it is a product that the customers do not know its use, the advert should create an urge to buy by explaining or demonstrating how the use of the product to the customers.

There should be a salespersons in every company. Their work is to market the product or services of the company. The salespeople need back up to make their messages stronger and more convincing.

This can be provided through advertising. When a company advertises a product, the customer probably sees the advert and gets an idea about the product before the salesperson reaches them. By the time the salesperson comes, it becomes easier for the customer to be convinced because the message by the salesperson is now made stronger by the advert.

Finally, advertising is done to attract new customers to the organization, as well as maintain the existing ones. A company will only be sure of increasing its sales if new customers buy its products, while the existing ones still remain (Alozie 24). Achieving this purpose requires the advertisement to be effective to the company.

Types of advertising An organization needs to choose well the type of advertisement to be used to ensure that the advertisement activity is effective. This will depend on the products or services it deals with and its major target customers. Once the target customers are identified, it becomes easier to choose the type of advertisement that should be used. Different target customers can be reached through different media.

However, it should be noted that any type of advertisement or any other medium can be used for advertisement. The difference will be the effectiveness of the advertisement for the specific businesses and products, as well as to specific customers. Basically, advertisement is supposed to create awareness about a certain product to the target customers.

This is why the two factors (product and target customers) need to be taken into consideration when selecting the type of advertisement to use. The following are some of the types of advertisement that an organization can choose from.

Television advertisement This is the kind of advertising whereby adverts are presented on national television. Television has been considered as one of the most effective types of advertisement for a long period of time because the advert can reach a wide range of audience. A lot of people in all age groups watch TV, thus any organization advertising via this media is able to reach a significant percentage of its target customers.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Advertising Effectiveness in the Business Environment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Television adverts can be designed such that they are highly persuasive and are able to convince a high number of customers. This type of advertisement combines visual and audio messages, making it more appealing. However, television advertisement is expensive compared to other means (Batra, Myers, and Aaker 34). This is a limitation to this type of advertisement.

Although TV advertisement has the ability to reach many people, some organizations may not be able to use it due to its cost implications. Before a business organization chooses television as its means of advertising, it should carry out a cost-benefit analysis. The company should ensure that the marginal revenue generated after the advert is higher compared to the cost incurred in airing the advert.

Infomercials This is a type of advertising that is closely related to the television advertisement. It is where a commercial is presented in television or in any other video format such that it has information regarding the product and the presentation is prolonged for a couple of minutes. The aim is to create an immediate urge for buying that the customer had not planned for.

The customer will immediately buy through the website given or a toll- free phone number (Batra, Myers, and Aaker 34). The word infomercial is derived from the words information and commercial. This is a means of advertisement that has the ability to reach a large number of customers and its effectiveness can be realized immediately during or after the advert. Infomercials are expensive and not many organizations are able to use it.

Radio advertising This is the form of advertisement whereby the information regarding the goods or the services is relayed through the radio. The advertising company normally buys airtime from the radio station to air its adverts. Radio advertising is a type of advert that has the ability to reach a high number of people as radios are available in many households. It is relatively cheaper compared to TV and infomercials.

It is important to note that radio is not only accessible on air, but is also available online as a result of the advancing technology. Radio advertisement is the form of advertisement that can arguably reach the largest number of people at a time. Despite reaching many people and being relatively cheaper, radio adverts can only be available in sound as there are no visuals.

Thus it may not be as effective as the use of TV (Batra, Myers, and Aaker 35). However, smaller companies can use the radio because the financial implications are not too severe on them. It can, therefore, be said that a radio advertisement is the best for smaller companies because they can reach many people and they do not incur a lot of expenses compared to the use of TV.

Online advertising This is the form of advertising that is done through the Internet. It is a modern way of advertising that has emerged with the emergence of technology and the growth of globalization and the international market. The reason for its increased popularity in the international scene is because the Internet can be accessed anywhere in the world, and multinational organizations can easily advertise their goods and services.

Online advertising is among the cheapest modes of advertisement and can reach many people at the same time. In recent years, many people have access to the Internet, and they can see the adverts online.

Online advertising may appear in the form of search engine result pages, social networking advertising, such as Facebook, Twitter, and Yahoo, among others, online classified advertising, e-mail marketing, rich media, and advertising networks, among others. Many organizations over recent years have turned to this form of advertising due to its effectiveness and economy (Landa 124).

It should be noted that most of the people who use the Internet are the middle-aged and the young. Thus an organization whose target customers is this group of individuals should use internet marketing. The online advertisement may include both visual and sound, as well as a description that can be read by the audience.

Press advertising This is the kind of advertisement that is done through a printed medium. It could be through the newspapers, magazines, business journals, and posters, among others. The one major limitation of this kind of advertisement is the fact that it is not able to reach as many people compared to the previously described means as not many people buy newspapers and magazines. Newspaper adverts do not have sound (Frith and Mueller 54).

However, they may have pictures and written descriptions. One of the most common forms of press advertising is classified adverts. This is where individuals and companies advertising their goods and services pay for a small section in the newspaper where they make their adverts.

The companies buy a small, narrowly targeted advert for a given amount of money and make their adverts. This form of advertisement could be used to target audience who are employed, high and middle-income earners, and the elite. These are mostly people who buy newspapers and magazines.

Street advertising This is the kind of advertising that is closely related to promotions. It is outdoor advertising whereby goods are displayed on the streets. In the case of services, advertisers will explain them to the audience on the streets. It is a cheap and highly effective means of advertisement.

The reason why street advertising is highly effective is the fact that the marketer is able to interact directly with the audience. The audiences can ask questions and the marketer, on the other hand, is able to convince the audience and get direct feedback at the same time.

Billboard advertising This is where adverts are displayed on large structures that are then erected in public areas so that people can see and read as they pass. Billboards are normally erected along main roads or areas that have a large population, like in major cities and towns.

They may also be located in stadiums, shopping malls, as well as office buildings (Mahon 67). This type of advert may not reach as many people like the radio, TV, and newspaper. Its effectiveness may also not be easy to measure or assess. However, the advert can reach any group of people because the billboard is in an open place where everyone can see.

Celebrity branding This is a form of advertisement whereby the organization uses the power that celebrities have in influencing people to buy their goods and services (Tuten 20). The fame and popularity by celebrities are used so that the organization can have its goods and services recognized. For instance, in case the company wants to advertise certain cloth wear, the celebrity will wear it and then be recognized by a large population.

The celebrity may also be involved in the advertisement campaigns on TV, on radio, on the Internet, or even on the streets. This kind of advertisement could be very effective, especially in situations where the target customers are young people. It is a form of advertising that has been very popular in recent years.

However, celebrity advertising is risky because if the celebrity makes a mistake, then it might have a detrimental effect on the company’s image and brand.

Other forms of advertisement include product adverting and institutional advertising. The former refers to the form of advertisement that is meant to stimulate an urge to buy the product. It could also fall in any of the above-described types of advertisement.

Institutional advertisement, on the other hand, is the kind of advertisement whereby the marketer aims at creating a good image of the company, organization, or the institution in question.

Approaches to advertisement For an advertisement to be effective, the company needs to take the best and the most potentially effective approach to the process. The company should, therefore, invest time in trying to figure out the best approach to be used. There are traditional approaches that have been used in advertising over the years and the modern approaches that are being used today. The traditional ways of advertisement are being overtaken by modern approaches at a high rate.

For instance, internet advertising is becoming more common and more effective compared to the traditional media of advertising, such as TV, radio, or newspaper. It is cheaper compared to any of the traditional approaches. At the same time, it is highly effective as it can reach many people. TV advertising is highly convincing because it has the ability to be accompanied by visual, sound, and writings (Hansen and Christensen 129).

Digital signage is also a modern approach that is able to reach a large audience and is relatively cheap. In fact, digital signage is able to reach the target customers only as the technological advancements can be designed such that the message controlled to only be delivered to a certain group of customers.

Among the approaches that the company may use to make its advertising more effective could include niche marketing. To niche is to divide the market into small segments based on the various needs of the customers. A niche market is a market that satisfies the specific needs of specific customers. If the company takes the niche marketing approach in its advertisement, then it has to choose means of advertisement that will reach the target customers.

Niche advertising is an approach to an advertisement that can be highly effective, especially where the company deals with highly differentiated goods. Although it might be challenging to choose a type of advertising that will only reach the target customers, the company can choose a type of advertising that is able to reach a majority of the customers.

Media approach is also an approach that can be highly effective in advertising. The company will need to identify its target customers and then select the media that is likely to reach most of the customers. The Internet has brought many advertising opportunities and has made the advertising industry become more effective because reduces the costs and is able to reach and influence many people to buy.

Advertising through the Internet can be done by e-mail, popup ads, banner, advergaming, flash, and banner, among others. Almost any product can be advertised on the Internet as many people today are able to access the internet through their PCs or mobile phones. The new technology may include other approaches other than the Internet (Tuten 12). For instance, there are means such as digital video recorders and TV apps, among others.

Global advertising is another approach that can be taken by an organization. This is an approach that is very effective for multinational organizations. It should be noted that the increase in globalization has led to increased international marketing and organizations are selling and marketing their products and services beyond their national boundaries. The reason for this is to increase their consumer base and make more profits (Joshi 14).

When a company chooses this approach, it should be able to balance between four competing business objectives, namely economies of scale, brand building, implementation speed, and maximization of local effectiveness. These are objectives that can lead to failure of the global advertising approach if not balanced.

A company needs to carry out good research before going for the global advertising approach. It should be noted that this approach is expensive as it targets a large geographical area and a large audience, but it can be highly effective if well implemented.

Conclusion Advertising is one of the most effective ways that an organization can adapt to increase its sales. However, advertising will only be effective if done in the correct way. In other words, the correct procedures should be followed in choosing a means of advertising. The organization should also select the correct media for various target customers.

Here, the company can choose to use traditional media like TV and radio, modern media like the Internet, or a combination of traditional and contemporary media. Advertising should be done at the minimum possible costs. This will increase its effectiveness as the major aim is to increase profits. Finally, the organization should take time to select the best approach that can be effective.

Works Cited Alozie, Emmanuel C. Advertising in Developing and Emerging Countries: The Economic, Political and Social Context. Farnham: Gower, 2011. Print.

Batra, Rajeev, John G. Myers, and David A. Aaker. Advertising Management. New Delhi: Pearson, 2009. Print.

Frith, Katherine T, and Barbara Mueller. Advertising and Societies: Global Issues. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2010. Print.

Hansen, Flemming, and Lars B. Christensen. Branding and Advertising. Denmark: Copenhagen Business School Press, 2004. Print.

Joshi, Manjunath V. Theories and Approaches of Environmental Economics. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers, 2001. Print.

Landa, Robin. Advertising by Design: Generating and Designing Creative Ideas across Media. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley

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Win-Win Negotiations: Tameer Micro-financial Bank and Telenor Pakistan Report essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Executive Summary People normally engage in some form of negotiation in their daily lives. Successful negotiations are characterized by a situation in which both parties agree on the best solution. Effective negotiations require a cea rtain set of skills from the involved parties. However, professional negotiators have the relevant skills for participating in negotiations. It is noteworthy that the best negotiation is win-win.

It is characterized by everyone involved in achieving satisfactory outcomes. People should prepare in order to have effective participation in win-win negotiations. This research focuses on win-win negotiation, which is the most beneficial type of conciliation. Collaboration is the best strategy for engaging in win-win negotiations. This is because it encourages problem-solving through the application of integrative processes.

There are diverse techniques and skills that simplify win-win negotiations and contribute to the achievements of desirable benefits. Furthermore, win-win negotiations present many advantages compared to the limitations.

Tameer Micro-financial Bank and Telenor Pakistan successfully employed win-win negotiation to realize massive benefits for each of them. Tameer is a micro-financial institution in Pakistan, which needed to augment their customer base through mobile banking services. On the other hand, Telenor Pakistan is the second largest telecommunications firm providing mobile services to over 30 million people.

The regulator provided a new direction that required all mobile network operators to partner with financial institutions in order to offer mobile banking services to the millions of people who were not accessing the services. This directive facilitated the initial negotiations between the two firms.

The win-win negotiations enabled the firms to benefit from the opportunities provided by each other as well as develop the capacity to provide mobile money banking to millions of Pakistani’s. This research has established that win-win negotiations are the best form of concession because of the benefits it provides to the participants.

This study recommends that parties engaging in win-win negotiations should employ a collaborative strategy as well as strategic planning during win-win negotiations. It recommends that negotiating parties should trade concessions to enable them to focus on core issues.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Summary of Findings and Recommendations The application of win-win negotiation was helpful in solving challenges facing micro – financial institutions in Pakistan. The banks lacked the capacity to deliver mobile banking services to their millions of potential clients. Tameer Microfinance Bank needed to identify ways of improving their service delivery structures in order to escalate the number of people with accounts in Pakistan.

Tameer was interested in putting in place a mobile banking platform to attract more clients and activate its growth. A directive by the regulator in Pakistan that mobile network operators (MNO) shall partner with financial institutions in order to provide mobile banking services became the breakthrough for Tameer.

Tameer entered into win-win negotiations with Telenor Pakistan, which is the second largest MNO in the country as a way of complying with the new regulations. Tameer initiated the negotiations with the aim of acquiring the over 30 million clients belonging to Telenor Pakistan and the company’s agent network approximating to 180,000 together with its national advertising and marketplace leadership.

The companies agreed during the negotiation process to partner and form Easypaisabrand to offer money transfer service. Telenor Pakistan eventually bought 51 percent of shares in Tameer.

The positive outcomes of the negotiation between Tameer and Telenor Pakistan are that Tameer easily accessed a large customer base and reduced cost of doing business because of taking advantage of the 180,000 Telenor agents.

Conversely, Telenor Pakistan escalated its Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) as well as develop new revenue sources because of charges on the mobile money banking platform. The two institutions used a win-win negotiation approach to realize gains as well as enable millions of Pakistani’s to access banking services.

It is recommended that parties engaging in win-win negotiations should employ a collaborative strategy in order to settle the process when each side has won. The role of strategic planning in managing win-win negotiations is also recommended because it makes the process to run smoothly. It is also recommendable that negotiating parties should trade concessions in order to carry out the negotiation process by focusing on core issues.

We will write a custom Report on Win-Win Negotiations: Tameer Micro-financial Bank and Telenor Pakistan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is recommended that the parties engaging in win-win negotiation should have effective communication skills, particularly while working with people from varying cultural backgrounds. This is because cross-cultural negotiations are complex and require a new set of skills.

Conclusions Win-Win negotiation is helpful in enabling two opposing sides to reach an agreement in which everyone benefits. The process of conducting a win-win negotiation requires the participants to maintain focus. Professional negotiators are the most successful in the negotiation because they have the relevant skills and capacities. However, communication also plays a momentous role in negotiations.

This is particularly important in cases where negotiation involves participants from multicultural backgrounds. It is notable that win-win negotiation is the most beneficial strategy for solving outstanding problems. This paper has highlighted the win-win negotiation involving Tameer Microfinance Bank and Telenor Pakistan, which is a telecommunications firm.

The two companies entered into win-win negotiations after a directive that MNO’s should start offering mobile banking services. The negotiation was successful thus making the two firms to form a new platform for mobile money transfer. The greatest lesson learned between the two firms is that win-win negotiations ensure that everyone involved benefits.

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Literature Studies: “As You Like It” by William Shakespeare Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help

William Shakespeare’s play As You Like It can be regarded as a pastoral and romantic comedy that includes many twists of the plot depicting the relations between various characters. Nevertheless, there is a common theme that is of great importance to the playwright. In particular, this literary work throws light on the way in which love can transform the experiences of an individual (Inge).

Moreover, the author challenges the conventions for the description of lovers, their motives, and behavior. Overall, Shakespeare shows that love can take a great number of forms, and this sensation can make the life of a person more fulfilling and joyful; more importantly, it does not have to be associated only with emotional suffering; this is the idea that many poets and playwrights before Shakespeare focused on. This is the main message that the writer tries to convey to the audience.

One should keep in mind that the characters depicted by the author live in some French duchy, and one can see that these people can be affected by the courtly life and conflicts caused by power struggles. Nevertheless, this play is set in the fictional Forest of Arden. Overall, this forest is a place where characters can renew themselves. Moreover, they can discover their better qualities that do not initially attract the readers’ attention.

Overall, the Forest of Arden is one of the magical places in which people can obtain their independence (Shakespeare XXXVI). For instance, children are able to become more independent of their parents. In many cases, love can be regarded as one of the forces that enable people to transform themselves almost entirely. As a rule, it enables them to discover happiness. This is one of the issues that should be taken into account.

It should be noted that love can take different forms in this play. For instance, one can speak about Orlando and Rosalind who are the main characters of this play. Overall, their relations can be described as romantic love. The author tries to ridicule the assumption according to which love can be compared to slavery since it does not accurately reflect the behavior of an individual. It should be mentioned that Orlando cannot openly express his affection for Rosalind, but he wants to win Rosalind’s love.

Overall, Orlando can be viewed as the character who is supposed to ridicule a conventional description of the so-called courtly love which is sometimes compared to a dangerous disease that impairs the life of a person. In particular, he makes the following statement while talking to Rosalind, “I am he that that is so love-shaked. I pray you to tell me your remedy” (III. 2. 354-355). In this case, this character does not directly state he is deeply in love with Rosalind.

Furthermore, this character seems to be convinced that he will “not be cured” (III. 2. 409). In other words, this person believes that he will not gain Rosalind’s love. It seems that Rosalind fully understands his thoughts and feelings, but she wants Orlando to become more open. She says that Orlando requires close confinement, and in this way, she tries to draw parallels between love and a mental disorder (III. 2. 387).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, she wants him to abandon the artificiality of courtly manners. This character tries to emulate the behavior of various knights depicted by many poets and playwrights (Benson). To a great, Rosalind conversation with Orlando suggests that love should not be viewed as something inaccessible in the earthly life.

This is why she seems to be slightly ironic of Orlando and the artificial mannerism that only creates difficulties for him. These are some of the main aspects that can be distinguished because they are important for understanding the way in which Shakespeare tries to ridicule many of the artistic canons which existed in the late sixteenth century.

Moreover, it is possible to speak about the unrequited love that Silvius feels for Phoebe. It should be noted that Silvious is a shepherd, while Phoebe is a peasant girl who ignores him. This character knows it quite clear that Phone rejects affection. Nevertheless, he accepts the suffering caused by unrequited love.

More importantly, he is ready to humiliate himself in order to win Phoebe’s affection. To a great extent, this character can be compared to the Petrarchan lover or a person who understand that his/her affection may not be returned. This is one of the details that attract the attention of the readers. It is possible to examine the following quote illustrates the experiences of this character:

“So holy and so perfect is my love, And I in such a poverty of grace, That I shall think it a most plenteous crop To glean the broken ears after the man That the main harvest reaps. Loose now and then A scattered smile, and that I’ll live upon.” (III. 5. 99-101)

This quote is important because it shows that despite the unreturned attention, love makes Silvius’s life much more fulfilling. He understands that Phoebe may love another person, but this knowledge does not make this girl less attractive to him.

In this way, Shakespeare tries to challenge the literary and artistic canon according to which unreturned love only leads to emotional suffering. Furthermore, William Shakespeare is willing to show that this character is able to feel happiness even despite Phoebe’s indifference. Moreover, he eventually succeeds in winning her love. These are some of the main details that should be taken into account.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Literature Studies: “As You Like It” by William Shakespeare specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, Shakespeare can demonstrate that love can arise when the characters do not initially feel sympathy toward one another. In this case, one can speak about the relations between Touchstone and Audrey. It should be noted that Audrey is a poorly-educated girl who does not seem attractive to other people.

Moreover, Touchstone just wants to make use of her. Thus, one cannot suppose that they can turn into a married couple. Nevertheless, this character eventually finds Audrey’s openness and honesty very appealing. To a great extent, this couple completely defies the standards of courtly love depicted by many writers and poets before Shakespeare.

It is possible to provide other examples indicating that love can be extremely unpredictable. This argument is particularly relevant if one speaks about the love between Oliver and Celia. One can argue that Oliver is the main antagonist of the play; he does not evoke the sympathy of the reader. In contrast, Celia can be viewed as the paragon of different moral values. These two individuals do not seem to be compatible with one another, and it is often argued that this development of the plot is unrealistic.

However, one should keep in mind that sometimes love can overcome such obstacles. This is one of the arguments that can be put forward. Moreover, it is possible to argue that love transforms Oliver and makes him re-evaluate the morality of his actions and decisions. Again, one should mention that this action takes place in the Forest of Arden which seems to transform the main characters.

One should bear in mind that Shakespeare often incorporates magic in his plays in order to change the values and behavior of the characters (Shakespeare XI). To a great extent, this strategy could appeal to many people who attended the performances of his plays. Oliver’s transformation in the Forest of Arden is one of such techniques which were often adopted by the author. This is one of the points that can be made.

On the whole, the author departs from the literary tradition which existed in the sixteenth century. In particular, many authors depicted love as one of the forces that brought emotional suffering to a person. In turn, William Shakespeare deviates from this tradition and even ridicules it.

The author lays stress on the idea that love can take many forms, and it is the main source of joy for an individual. More importantly, this feeling can be shared even by those people who do not seem to be attracted to one another. It is possible to say that Shakespeare can challenge many of the conventions that people can take for granted. He demonstrates that love can vary dramatically, but it can make the life of a person more fulfilling. These are the main points that should be considered.

Works Cited Benson, Larry. “Courtly Love and Chivalry in the Later Middle Ages”. Harvard.Edu. n.d. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Literature Studies: “As You Like It” by William Shakespeare by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Inge, Dwight. “A Guide to Teaching the Interpretation of Shakespeare.” Yale.edu. 2009. Web.

Shakespeare, William. As You Like It. New York: Penguin, 2000. Print.

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Employees’ Compensation Research Paper essay help free

Table of Contents Problem statement

Theories of Compensation

Application of the Theory: Pay for Performance

References

Problem statement Currently, many companies and organizations fail to compensate their employees competitively as a way of enhancing job satisfaction. In fact, employees’ compensation stands out as an important component of every organization.

The reason is that it shapes other aspects of an organization including efficiency and strategy. Compensation’s main objective is to attract and enhance the company’s ability to retain employees.

A firm that retains employees through competitive compensation benefits from high productivity and increased job satisfaction. Salgado (1997) argues that competitive compensation is important for organizations and subsequently, it constitutes the largest cost for many companies in the world.

There are many ways of compensating employees in both the private and public organizations although there is none that is generally practiced across the business environment. How does pay for performance lead to job and employees satisfaction?

Theories of Compensation Many social scientists have proposed theories that attempt to explain the psychological, behavioral and economic perspectives of compensation. Outstandingly, cognitive theories articulate that human beings are driven by the urge to get rewards.

Human beings tend to repeat actions that yield them the highest level of happiness. This crosscuts across all societies, organizations, and countries. In organizations, competitive compensation tends to reward hard work (Salgado, 1997).

Cognitive theorists argue that employees interpret hard work as an action. Repeating this action will increase their rewards and happiness.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Consistency in actions and rewards leads to job satisfaction. This is according to the reward theory. In business contexts, a motivated team of staff is an asset for the company. It gives the organization a competitive edge over rivals and competitors.

When the employees are motivated to work owing to competitive compensation, the organization retains them with ease. Agency theory is central to any compensation method applicable to the modern business environment.

It proposes that compensation of employees is an organizational strategy (Chen, 2011). A firm uses a compensation method due to its costs and perceived benefits. Agency theorists argue that organizational costs come about due to the apparent differences in employees and firms.

One source of costs for an organization is when employees fail to put maximum effort in their productivity leading to reduced efficiency. The rationale is that an organization pays number of hours than when the employees put their maximum effort into the work.

Further, the theory says that firms seek to maximize their revenues and profit margins by motivating, recruiting, and acquiring high skilled and qualified employees. Nonetheless, employees are consumers. They, therefore, seek to maximize utility.

This is through increased income that affects the utility in a positive way. The theory, however, cautions that employees who seek to maximize their utility must strike a balance between disutility and utility (Riordan, Vandenberg

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The Joseph Story Research Paper online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Commentaries on Joseph’s Story

Personal Reflections

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The Joseph story, like the Abraham and Jacob stories, contributes to the exposition of the theme of the Pentateuch by showing how the promises of Abraham were partially fulfilled (Dunn and John 64). Like the two preceding stories, it begins with a divine intimation of the central figure’s future destiny. In two separate dreams, Joseph sees the rest of his family bowing down before him.

His brothers’ sale of him into Egypt was designed to prevent such an outcome. However, despite his imprisonment on a false charge he rises to be an important leader over all Egypt. It is when his brothers came to Egypt that they unwittingly fulfill his early dreams.

Although some scholars have held that the Joseph story proper ends with his father’s move to Egypt, his brothers fell down before him one more time after Jacob’s death (Wiersbe 55). Even though his brothers intended to do harm to him, God intended it for good, in order to preserve numerous people. A unique setting of the Joseph story is its Egyptian setting, which has prompted much reflection by Egyptologists.

This paper is divided into two main parts. The first part lays out the major themes discussed by biblical commentaries while the second part focuses on my personal reflection.

Commentaries on Joseph’s Story Joseph’s tactlessness in telling tales on his brothers and then recounting his dreams made his brothers angry (Kessler and Karel 24). However, as already observed, the dreams are not Joseph’s own imaginings but announcements of God’s plans and the fact that they are paired is an assurance of their eventual fulfillment. In the short term, however, they act as a catalyst for family breakdown.

The tension in the story builds as Jacob sends his darling son some fifty miles away from home in Hebron to Shechem in the north into the arms of the brothers who hate him intensely. As they see him approach, some want to kill Joseph, whereas Reuben seeks to stall proceedings by having him dumped in a pit. However, while Reuben is a way, the other brothers change their plan and decide to make money by selling Joseph as a slave.

Although the last scene with Jacob mourning inconsolably for his dead son Joseph is touching, Dunn and Rogerson argues that the choice of words was meant to remind us of Jacob, years back, deceived his father using his brother’s clothes and a goat (78). In this way, the author hints at the inescapability of divine justice.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Jacob is treated by his own sons as he treated his father. Nevertheless, as the story shows, Joseph’s sale into Egypt was meant to save lives, heal the family rift, and forward the fulfillment of the promises.

In relating the dreams, Joseph was only telling the truth. Some commentators, however, suggest that he was unwise to mention the dreams and that he was motivated by pride (Lioy 81). There are few clues to support this view. While he could have remained silent about the dreams, he chose to tell them.

Of course, regardless of whether Joseph should have kept his mouth shut, his brothers were wrong to nurse feelings of jealousy and hatred against him. Sometime after Joseph’s dreams, most of Jacob’s sons took his flocks about 50 miles north to Shechem. A desire to get away from Joseph may have been one of the reasons why they traveled so far from their home in the Valley of Hebron.

This, however, did no good as Jacob sent after them to find out how they were doing. Neither the father nor his favored son could have known that more than tow decades would pass before they laid eyes on each other again.

For some time, feelings of ill will toward Joseph had been building in the hearts of his brothers. Thus, when the siblings spotted Joseph from a distant wearing his ornate robe, they hatched a scheme to murder him. The brothers literary referred to Joseph as the master of dreams. The sarcastic tone of their statement reflected the resentment they felt toward Joseph and the dreams God had given him.

Jacob’s sons agreed to lie about the demise of Joseph. When asked about him, they would claim that a vicious, wild animal had attacked and devoured him. Their uncontrolled jealousy and hatred had brought them to such an intention. They thought they could get away with their scheme because Joseph was away from their father’s protection, and there were no witnesses nearby to report their actions.

They assumed that by getting rid of their dreaded younger brother, the siblings could prevent his dreams from coming true. They did not realize that God would use their actions to make the dreams a reality.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Joseph Story specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some scholars think that the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah were the instigators of the murderous plot (Phillips 29). When Reuben heard the plan, he came to Joseph’s rescue by advising his brothers not to take the younger sibling’s life.

Rather than harm Joseph and thereby shed innocent blood, Reuben urged the rest to bind Joseph and place him in a cistern, presumably to die of thirst and hunger. Reuben even planned secretly to help Joseph escape and bring him back home but he did not succeed.

Personal Reflections The materials found in the commentaries have really changed my understanding of the passage talking about Joseph being sold to Egypt. In spite of having an idea that God was in the picture and was working to save the remnant of Israel, I am surprised by some of the discoveries.

The most interesting thing to me is how some of the authors have been able to link what Joseph’s brothers did to what Jacob did when he lied to his father about being his brother Esau. In both cases, there is a mention of blood and clothing.

While in Jacob’s case, he was dressed in a sheep’s wool to pretend to be his brother Esau, Joseph’s brothers carried with them Joseph’s clothing smeared in the blood to their father so as to present a lie that their brother Joseph was dead. Another interesting observation is how the authors have connected what happened to Joseph, with how God works. Although a man may do things with evil intentions, God can use such situations positively.

In the case of Joseph, his brothers though they were eliminating him forever. However, they had no clue that it was in God’s plan that Joseph goes through what he went through for his dreams to be fulfilled eventually. Also interesting to note is God’s choice to work with the younger sons. In this case, Joseph was chosen over his older brothers.

To some extent, I am surprised by what I have discovered in some of the commentaries. The issues raised by the commentaries are a clear indication of how the bible is very well connected.

The parallel drawn between the lie told by Jacob and that told by his sons is an example of how many things spoken about in the bible are symbolic of deeper things. It would take an ardent bible scholar to discover information in the bible that may not be quite obvious to a normal reader of the bible.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Joseph Story by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Although the commentaries seem to agree in some areas, they completely differ in others. There is, for example, a common understanding that what happened to Joseph was in God’s plans to save his people in the future. The link between Jacob’s lie and that of his sons is, however, not mentioned in all the commentaries.

Conclusion The Joseph story is a clear indication of how God chooses those to work with. It is an indication of God’s choice for the younger son in preference to the older. God chose to work with Jacob and not Esau and in Joseph’s case, Joseph was chosen over his older brothers. Many other scenarios that are similar can be found in the Bible such as David and his brothers as well as Manasseh and Ephraim.

As stated in many sections of the bible, God is always interested in the inside of a person and not the outward appearance. On many occasions, people have been surprised by God’s choice of people to work with. Men and women always get it all wrong when they focus more on the outside appearance and not on a person’s inner being.

Works Cited Dunn, James and John Rogerson. Eerdmans commentary on the Bible, Cambridge, UK: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2003. Print.

Kessler, Martin and Karel Deurloo. A Commentary on Genesis: The Book of Beginnings, Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2004. Print.

Lioy, Daniel. International Lesson Commentary: King James Version, with NRSV Comparison, The Standard in Biblical Exposition, Based on the International Sunday School Lessons (ISSL), Colorado Springs, CO:David C Cook, 2007. Print.

Phillips, John. Exploring Psalms: An Expository Commentary, Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Academic, 2002. Print.

Wiersbe, Warren. The Wiersbe Bible Commentary: The Complete Old Testament, Colorado Springs, CO: David C Cook, 2007. Print.

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ALDAR Company Management Strategy Report essay help online

Executive Summary ALDAR Company is, a real estate company based in Emirates and operates in more than five countries. The company owns more than fifty million square meters of land in some of the strategic areas in Emirate. ALDAR’s strength is ventured in its strong brand name that is internationally recognized. There is wide recognition of its products in all parts of the world.

The strength of the company is undoubtedly engineered by its internal managerial mechanisms. To have a competitive edge in selling its developmental projects, it will be advisable for the company to take advantage of its ability to compete favorably with equal players in the market. A strategic marketing plan is the only way out. There is no one company that is perfect; there is always an area that offers a weak point.

One of the weak points that the company will have to go through is internal while others are from the external environment. Weaknesses refer to stumbling blocks that may deter the company from progressing towards a particular direction. With a strategic plan, it will be easy to decide the material flow, technology to use, process selection, inventory required, and the capital needed.

Operation management has the responsibility of setting the policies that define expected labor standards. Employees play the biggest role in production processes, their skills, knowledge, and abilities should be put into consideration. In the recent past demand drift have been strongly pulling the market. Few movements have emerged which are linked with most of the real estate’s companies with well-distinguished brand names and the wholesale operations.

There is, therefore, need for all companies in the sector to have strong access to the details of sales data. Having the necessary details will not only quicken the production planning but will also provide information about customers’ tastes and preference and will help in reducing the possibility of underproduction.

Mission ALDAR’s mission is to mobilize the available resources to drive strategies in the core areas of expertise through innovation to ensure that customers are provided with high-quality products that are readily available at low costs.

Some of ALDAR developments are given below:

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Yas Island which occupies about 2,500 hectares of land

Al Raha Beach occupying an area of 5.2 million square meters

Luxuries apartments, restaurants, hotels, and office space in the city which occupies 5.0 hectares of land

Al Gurm Resort found in Abu Dhabi mangrove forests (ALDAR website 2).

Vision ALDAR aims at being the most realistic and dependable real estate company not only in Emirates but also in the rest of the world. It also aims at creating a steady and profitable investment platform for its shareholders and to provide development projects that are environment-friendly (ALDAR website 2).

External environment Political

The global financial crisis has compelled countries to relax their trade barriers. This is a good thing for the company since it can expand into other many countries. This will increase the market base.

Economical

In the past decade, the world’s economy has been at a low pace with many countries recording a negative rate. The world has recorded a positive rate since the great depression Era. Even if the rate today is not so good there is hope, and thus a risk taker can as well diversify his business (Yip 6).

Social

Many people believe that ALDAR Company produces products that are of high quality and reliable. They are however willing to trade with current technologically improved products. There are no threats as far as the social environment is concerned if the correct technology is adopted.

Technological

Technology is not stagnant and more is expected in the future. The competitiveness of the company will be dependent on the efficiency of technology that it will implement. The world is experiencing rapid technological change; this is brought about by the use of computers in different sectors of business.

ALDAR has benefited from the changes; for example, the company has a website where a customer can log in and communicate directly to the company. These services are available for 24 hours in seven days (ALDAR website 4). In line with the same, the company has embraced computerized marketing and advertisement where it sells its products through the internet

Legal

The important thing is to comply with the particular country it invests in laws and regulations.

We will write a custom Report on ALDAR Company Management Strategy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Environmental The world values its environment. There are policies that are targeted to compel companies to respect nature. On the positive note, since the country policymakers realize that no production can be made without the production of waste, it has embarked on the adoption of environmentally friendly technologies.

Porters 5 Analysis Porter developed a structure for analyzing the nature and extent of competition within an industry. He argued that in every industry there are at least five competitive forces, which establish the nature of competition within that industry (Harvard Business School Press 22). It is necessary to conduct this analysis because ALDAR is in an industry that is highly competitive and there is a need to understand the forces behind this competition. These five forces are discussed below:

Suppliers

Supply of foreign distribution links

Inexpensive supply of sophisticated technology

Low Switchover costs – Firms within this industry are vertically integrated. Dependence on foreign/domestic supply is minimal

Risk of forwarding integration

Buyers

High Buyer Concentration- leads to price wars

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