Discussing the case, and writing an executive summary which answers all 10 questions at the end of the case. The summary should be no more than 5 pages in length – it’s an executive summary, not a paper, so stick to the high-level review. The summary should be in APA 7th edition format.
The case is Chapter 3 – Novartis: People Chemistry
Early intervention programs Research Paper essay help: essay help
Abstract The number of children whose academic, social and intellectual life is affected due to mental and developmental conditions is on the rise. Most of these conditions develop to uncontrollable levels because of ignorance or negligence. The many myths surrounding mental or developmental conditions are a major cause of families of affected children to develop bitterness and to shy off from seeking appropriate help in time.
Several early intervention programs have been put in place, and the number of beneficiaries of these programs is increasing by the day. Affected children are given a different perspective in life and their families are helped to deal with any form of intimidation and shame they may be going through.
This research seeks to look into early intervention programs and their effectiveness. Other factors tackled herein include the memory functions that affect reading comprehension as well as the various developmental factors that influence reading acquisition.
Introduction Young children are more exposed to attack on their health, and are therefore more likely to have disability or handicap of any form. If such a discovery upon a child is made, early intervention is put into application. It either includes helping the affected child and his immediate family to prevent development of such a condition or assisting in control of the condition, in cases where the condition has already developed.
Early intervention is not only restricted to hospitals and health care centers, but it is also practiced in schools, homes and in other relevant units. It also covers children in all stages of life including new born babies. Early intervention is not merely done for the child’s welfare, but also for the child’s family and for the society at large; a child on whom early intervention is done tends to be more productive and profitable to his family and the society.
Importance of early intervention Research reports from reliable sources indicate that parents of children who have a handicap or a similar condition are more likely to divorce or separate than parents of non handicapped children (Sousa, p 54).
It is also reported that the careers of the parents are greatly affected, and one of the parents ends up being laid off or resigning early from work. There is also a tendency of such families to keep to themselves because of shame and low self esteem (Lapp, p 98). All of the above effects are likely to be a major drawback to the child’s mental and emotional growth.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also easier to shape a young person into anything, and the ease with which one can learn and do an acquired thing decreases with age. Since children gain knowledge and grow physically, mentally and psychologically faster when young, it is recommended that early intervention is carried out the earliest possible (Sousa, p 101).
A child’s conscience is innocent, and it is easier to teach a child to adapt to a handicap without developing self pity than it is to teach an adult or an older person. It is therefore advisable to implement an early intervention program as soon as any development of a condition is suspected (Sousa, p 101).
How successful is early intervention? It has been proved that early intervention works, as gathered from collected data, parents, teachers, and siblings of affected children. The beneficiaries of such programs are said to perform better in school, to have better proficiency in employment and to have better relations with people than those who did not undergo the program (Richardson, p 243).
According to research findings, those that do not have early intervention practiced on them are very anti-social, and they show no appreciation for education. Most of them also repeat classes and lack motivation for pursuing studies beyond O-level (Lapp, p 132).
There are various early intervention programs that have shown efficiency over the years. Such programs are different in what they tackle, and they affect different classes of conditions that affect children and their families. Successful programs include: those that cover children between the age of three and six years inclusive who show problems in how they behave (Lapp, p 152).
An example of such a program is Exploring Together Preschool Program (ETPP). Another type of early intervention programs are those that deal with helping children who are at a risk of getting certain diseases because of being overweight. Other programs help children who have mental problems and children who are hyperactive and are at a risk of having emotional crisis and are in need for excessive attention (Sousa, p 146).
For children who are a bit older and they have difficulties in reading, programs are implemented to assist them to have fluency and to build their vocabulary. This is done by giving them passages to read over a period of several weeks or even months, depending on the rate at which the children are learning.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Early intervention programs specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The complexity of these passages increases with time as the children develop “automatic decoding.” According to Richardson, reading done persistently and consistently over a period of time eventually develops the ability in the child to be fluent and sharp without any effort to think about it, something he calls “over reading.” The two most effective ways of assisting such children are the use of reciprocal teaching and the use of self questioning (Richardson, p 310).
Brain based factors using memory functions to build reading comprehension The working memory of the brain is what in to read, to understand and to reason argumentatively. The information one reads is developed in the brain and laid up in the memory (Sousa, p 155). For a child to have full comprehension of what he or she reads, several functions of the memory have to be in place.
The receptive memory enables the child to have the decoding ability of what they read. After decoding, the contents of the material are not yet home. The proper functioning of the conservative memory will enable the decoded message to be retained in a specific part of the brain, after which the message is developed and built upon in the multiplicative memory (Richardson, p 245).
The significative memory will help the child to compare or relate the information they read with any other related information that may have stored in their memory. Both the restorative and the determinative memory functions process the read information so as to give it more meaningfulness (Richardson, p 247). How meaningful a piece of information is will be seen by the output seen from the child. These functions enhance the child’s remembering ability and his application of the knowledge (Lapp, p 149).
Basically, reading comprehension entails the ability to not only read a particular article, but to also acquire meaning from it and to have a helpful interpretation of the contents therein. For children who may have sustained mild or severe brain injuries, reading comprehension becomes somewhat challenging.
Most of these children suffer from dyslexia, a condition in which a child may be able to read any article with fluency but with difficulties in understanding the contents of the article. Brain health and fitness is important if one is to have accurate comprehension of what they read (Richardson, p 65).
Developmental factors that interact with the acquisition of reading The development of a child is influenced by various factors which in turn influence the way in which the child will acquire reading skills. The relationships that surround a child determine how the child will develop mentally. Such relationships include those between the child and his parents, siblings and other influential people in the child’s life.
The child also watches how the parents relate to each other, how elder siblings relate to each other and how teachers relate to each other (Lapp, p 105). The above mentioned relationships have a way of programming the neurons of the brain to produce positive or negative development of the child. This directly affects the performance of the child academically and in other areas (Sousa, p 204).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Early intervention programs by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The rate of development of the brain in the lifetime of a child is determined by the developmental rate of his brain in the first three years of his life (Richardson, p 196). In these three years, the development of the child’s brain is mostly determined by those who give care to the child.
In most cases, a child has both parents working the whole day, and the child is left in the hands of a nanny or in a day care nursery. Research shows that children who pass through day care nurseries have better reading acquisition skills than those who do not. This is because in such nurseries, the child is not just looked after before the parents get home from work, but they are also prepared for pre-school (Sousa, p 121).
Another developmental factor that influences how a child will acquire reading skills in their academic lifetime is the kind of socioeconomic status they are brought up in. Poverty in a family slows down a child’s development, and it has been found to have direct traumatic effects on the child.
It limits the child’s thinking capacity and it draws out the morale of developing themselves by learning (Lapp, p 43). Such children have a low self esteem and they believe that they cannot achieve what another child can. The effects of poverty on a child follow that child in other areas of his life and up to an advanced age (Lapp, p 49).
Because of lack of money, the child’s parents may also not be in a position to pay for the child’s fees or to buy resourceful materials and books. Therefore, the efforts of a child who has self motivation to read are invalidated.
Poverty also has indirect effects on a child. Poverty has been a known cause for domestic fights between parents, which adversely affects the child’s development and perspective of life. Parents who result to drinking, drug abuse and prostitution become a bad influence to the child, who may end up adapting a similar lifestyle (Richardson, p 476).
Poverty translates to under nutrition and malnutrition. This means that the child does not have the opportunity to eat foods that contain nutrients which enhance brain development (Lapp, p 174). As a result of malnutrition, the child is also prone to deficiency diseases. This affects the child’s development in many ways.
For example, the sick child is not able to participate in outdoor activities that go a long way in helping a child develop. He is not able to play and interact with other children. Sickness may also mean that the child will be out of school many times. This may lead to the child having to repeat some classes; a major cause of low self esteem and a poor self image in the child (Lapp, p 186).
Conclusion Conditions pertaining to the child’s mental wellness are influenced by various factors, some of which are unchangeable. It is virtually not achievable to make a child immune, or so to say, from development of any condition that may affect their thinking, reasoning and developmental capacity, but it is possible, upon suspicion of any development, to change the course of a child’s life using a suitable early intervention program. Early intervention programs are not only effective and beneficial to the child, but also to their families and to the society at large.
Works Cited Sousa, A. David. How the brain learns to read. California: Corwin Press, 2005, p 246.
Richardson, S. Judy, Morgan, F., Raymond
Volunteer tourism Essay essay help
Introduction Volunteer tourism is undertaken by the tourists in the local communities where they volunteer to help the by helping eliminating material poverty. It is an alternative form of tourism because the tourists opt to make their travel locally.
Motivations for participants in volunteer tourism The main motivation of this kind of tourism is to volunteer in working for the host community as the tourists learn more about their culture and other things. They satisfy the desire to work but not to be just tourists. They work for no pay in the communities that they travel to and this benefits in providing free labor, though short term to the host country or community.
There are other tourists that are motivated by the desire to give (Sin, 2009, 487-491). When they visit these communities they try to alleviate poverty materials by giving items to the people. The needy people benefits from these items and the tourists are satisfied. They argue that they feel good when they give. There are other tourists that participate in volunteer tourism in order to contribute to the host community in any way possible.
This is done through community service activities that these participants undertake. They do volunteer work that help the community and they themselves feel that they have contributed to the community.
Others argue that they learn a lot through community service because they get a chance to interact with the people in the community and learn a lot from them. They learn cultural differences between different communities and how they differ from each other. They also learn how the reception is done by different communities and how they differ from each other.
According to (Sin, 2009, 487-491), volunteers in this kind of tourism are also motivated by the desire to try themselves out in doing something.
There are people who engage in it in order to try whether they can do volunteering. This is mostly for people who are doing it for the first time and who are curious to know whether they are capable of doing it. This motivation has increased volunteer tourism in most countries. People also do it in order to try their ability in doing some activities. They test their capability in doing that particular activity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Benefits of volunteer experience Volunteer experience causes intrinsic motivation which is a result of mutually beneficial interaction. The intrinsic motivations tries to satisfy intrinsic needs like self actualization and therefore the tourists will feel satisfied when they are in volunteer travels. This is basically for people seeking self actualization (Stebbins
Strategic Plan for Kudler Fine Foods Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Kudler Fine Foods: An Overview
Main Aim of Draft Strategic Plan
Risk Management Plan
Kudler Fine Foods: An Overview Kudler Fine Foods was established in 1998 and deals with food products. It has been growing and expanding steadily over the years and it now plans to diversify on its products portfolio. This is in addition to ensuring that the customers are being served effectively and efficiently (Atkinson, 2008).
The company is planning to improve on its catering services and open another store. This will be enabled by effective marketing and strategic changes within the company. By carefully studying the internal and external environment of the company, it will be possible to carry out a marketing campaign that will improve the competitiveness of the company in the market.
It needs to integrate modern technology with its operations to enable it reach out to many people through the internet and thus increase its market base. This will also make operations faster and efficient (Atkinson, 2008).
Main Aim of Draft Strategic Plan The main aim of the draft Strategic plan for Kudler Fine Foods is to provide a framework for improving its catering services together with coping with the growth and opening of another store.
The first action in the formulation of the strategic plan is to re-draft the vision and mission statements to reflect the values of the company and make it relevant and competitive in the market. The vision will be focused on offering a variety of food products to cater for the diverse nature of the clientele’s culture. This change in vision will result in a corresponding change in the mission statement in order to pursue the new vision.
The second step will be a SWOT analysis of the firm. This will involve the review of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats in the industry within which the firm is operating within. This analysis will help in the drafting of new company values and aligning the same with the new vision, mission, objectives and goals as mapped out in the company’s strategic plan (Keizer, 2009).
A market analysis is required to determine the feasibility of expansion brought about by the opening of a new store. The expansion plan is the major part of the project. This will involve the marketing strategy and many other important aspects related to the new establishment (Alkhafaji, 2003).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is the final step in the expansion plan. Once the new food store is established, the project will be considered as complete. The company will have a website through which it advertises all its services, in addition to a fan page on Facebook and MySpace. The different outside catering services and new outsourcing activities like mid-morning catering for tea and snacks will also be introduced (Lumbourgh, 2009).
The Vision The vision statement should focus on the diversity of the clientele. This is given that the customers are mostly drawn from the working class, students and travelers. They all have different preferences; for example, the travelers will prefer take-away snacks, working class customers are likely to eat from the joint whereas the students fit in both categories.
The idea of outside catering also needs to be embedded in the vision statement to highlight Kudler Fine Foods’ prowess in providing outside catering services. This will directly affect the mission statement.
The values of the company include offering first class service to its customers and an established good customer relation. The cordial relations extend to the business environment to include the suppliers and community at large.
The employees of Kudler Fine Foods share a familial relationship. Innovation and diligence amongst the staff will be highly rewarded. This should be maintained at all times to foster a working environment conducive for invention, innovation and a productive working culture.
SWOT Analysis 1. Strengths
A competent management team which is self motivated
A positive track record in the community
An established and wide customer base
Growth in corporate clientele base
Competitive advantage over other food stores because of the variety of foods offered
Location in the Central Business District
Extensive sitting space which can accommodate a large number of customers
We will write a custom Essay on Strategic Plan for Kudler Fine Foods specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Inadequate members of staff
Increased operation costs, for example electricity and license fees
A financial management system that is prone to errors
Provision of services on a twenty-four hour basis since the bus companies in the vicinity have buses arriving and departing late in the night and at dawn
Increase in the number of events organizing companies providing opportunities for outside catering
Market is very sensitive to price fluctuations
New competition in the market from new establishments
Lack of enough experienced staff
Market analysis Improvement of Kudler Fine Foods’ stores is included in the plan for expansion and restructuring of the company to deal with the competition in the market. In order to successfully capture customers’ preferences and needs, a market analysis will be carried out for a period of two months.
This is in order to analyze customer satisfaction, needs and experiences that will help determine the scope of operations in the new store (Alkhafaji, 2003). The new foods’ store will be four streets away from the parent store and will be named Kudler Fine Dishes.
It is targeting clients drawn from the establishments on the other side of town, clients interested in subjecting their palates to nice food. This will take the services near the client in addition to attracting new clientele. Kudler Fine Dishes will have a new look. Branding and enhancement of staff appearance will also be carried out.
Training on members of staff will be carried out to improve customer relations and management skills amongst all the new and old members of staff. This is in line with previous feedback on the conduct and quality of services provided by staff.
An analysis will be carried out to discern different food preferences during different hours of the day. It will also include gauging the perception of new services, for example outsourcing to a different company the mid morning catering services. The new establishment will have a smaller sitting capacity.
The project is feasible and Kudler Fine Foods is in a position to successfully implement the project of opening a new food store. This feasibility statement is aimed at highlighting the position of the management on the project and the unanimous acceptance of the same.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Strategic Plan for Kudler Fine Foods by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The new food store is scheduled to open in five months’ time and its operations will start immediately.
Success Factors for Implementing the Plan
A strong financial base
A competent and focused management team
Self motivated and hardworking staff
Pre-amble planning and analysis of the project
A wide client base
A positive track record in catering services
Activity/ Product Units Allocated Cost (US$) Real Cost (US$) Space Rent 1 600 Interior design
Institutional Implementation of Technology Coursework scholarship essay help
The interviewee, an instructional technologist, works in a training facility that provides instructions to teachers on how to incorporate technology into their class plans. From the interview it was established that the major forms of technology being put into use are computer systems and networking facilities.
The interviewee trains teachers on how to use computer software to draft lesson plans as well as ensure proper delivery of lecture material. Some other forms of technology that are implemented include projection systems, interactive whiteboards, interactive tablets, wireless responders, laptops, digital cameras, iPods, flip cameras, televisions and document cameras.
These teachers go through sessions of training to show them how they can use the likes of power-point presentations while delivering lectures. They are taken through all the basic operations that are associated to a particular technology so that they can put it into use as effectively as possible.
With most forms of technology, reliability and stability is heavily dependent on the expertise of the handler and the frequency of use (Jonassen, 2005). The more acquainted to a particular technology a person is, the easier it is for him to use it reliably. The security of the technologies mentioned above depends on a number of factors.
Computers systems especially those with connection to external networks are prone to attacks by viruses and Trojans, as well as invasion by hackers who may end up maliciously locking up the systems. Fortunately, various antivirus and firewall software have been developed and these can be used to maintain the integrity of the systems. Other machines such as projectors and televisions are prone to break-downs occasioned by power surges (Maier, 1998).
The interviewee offers most of his training on location and most of the time she is the sole member of staff. Being a trained professional, she can easily operate the various systems that are installed in the schools she visits to offer the training.
Once she has departed from the institutions after providing the necessary training to the teachers, the users of the technology at a particular time then become the only required staffs. In some instances, the teachers may decide to employ the services of an assistant especially in setting up things like projectors and monitor screens. In this case the assistant and the teacher become the two staff members.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From the interview, the technological integration training is ideal for individuals with experience in classroom teaching and who comprehensively understand the curriculum. This is understandable because for most of the time the tutors will be the only staffs attending to the specific technologies. In schools with computers connected to an outside network, the services of a network administrator may be required.
I have been able to learn that there are professionals out there who specialize in training individuals (specifically teachers) on how to properly use technology in a classroom setting to further enhance their delivery.
It was interesting to note that entrenching the use of technology into classroom activities can serve to lighten the work of passing the message across. I have also been able to learn that the teachers while putting into use network related activities can work in tandem with network administrators to ensure that the sites they intend to have their students conduct research from contain material that is appropriate.
Reference List Jonassen, D. (2005). Modeling with Technology: Mindtools for Conceptual Change. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Maier, P. (1998). Using technology in teaching