Introduction There is a major difference between having adequate resources for business operations and achieving the objectives of investment. Most organizations fail to meet their targets even though they have the resources required to do so.
This paper analyzes a case study about execution strategies employed by different companies, how these plans can be applied in the hospitality industry and the contribution of the article to the development of strategic management theory.
Definition Execution in business means to put something into practice and ensure it helps people and organizations to achieve their goals. This means that this process involves the transfer of ideas from papers to the ground and making use of the available resources to generate profits. A strategy refers to the way plans are executed in an operation to achieve the overall or long term objectives of an organization.
The Central Theme and Its Importance This article emphasizes the importance of effective execution strategies that help companies to achieve their objectives. Mauro F. Gullen and Esteban Garcia-Canal argue that skilled labor, huge capital and a rich history are not adequate to guarantee success in organizations.
They compare the performance of companies in developing countries with those in developed nations and claim that the former have higher and better chances of improving their performance and controlling huge markets compared to their counterparts.
The authors claim that emerging-market multinationals do not pay attention to where they will be in the next 50 years, but concentrate on the current needs of their consumers. This enables them to supply goods and services that satisfy clients and ensure their daily activities continue without interference.
They claim that leaders of companies located in emerging markets spend less time thinking and planning about the future of their investments (Gullen and Garcia-Canal 104). They focus their attention, resources and abilities on executing their plans and no time is wasted in meetings or endless researches that do not offer applicable solutions to their challenges.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Their counterparts in developed nations spend considerable time conducting research, sitting in boardrooms, planning long-term moves and making forecasts (Gullen and Garcia-Canal 104).
This enables companies in emerging markets to expand their operations and invest in regions that are feared by established multinationals. For instance, the world’s largest bakery company (Bimbo) expanded its operations in America by focusing on optimal efficiency in oven utilization and delivery routes and this enabled it to generate massive profits and acquire companies like Sara Lee and Weston Foods (Gullen and Garcia-Canal 104).
In addition, these authors argue that emerging-market multinationals are impatient to expand their operations to other nations. These companies have limited capital, poor technology and unskilled labor; therefore, they struggle to remain relevant in their country and use their domestic strategies to plunge into international markets without delays (Gullen and Garcia-Canal 105).
They specialize in doing less with more and this allows them to explore international markets without fearing the risk of making losses. The Indian-based Ocimum Biosolutions that offers telecommunication services was established by a couple as a family business. Anuradha Acharya and Subash Lingareddy managed to expand this company even though they had limited capital and employed unskilled workers.
They identified poor infrastructure as an opportunity to invest in the bioinformatics industry. Their company is now an emerging-market multinational investment with various branches in America, Germany and the Netherlands.
These authors believe that emerging-market multinationals embrace chaos and are not afraid of investing in countries that face civil conflicts (Gullen and Garcia-Canal 106). They do not fear making losses because the hardships they experience in their countries strengthen their attitudes towards seeking new markets despite the prevailing conditions.
A good example is the Cairo-based construction company called Orascom that was nationalized by the Egyptian government in 1971.
We will write a custom Essay on Execution Strategies in the Hospitality Industry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Its founder (Onsi Sawiris) was never afraid of political turbulence and diversified the operations of his company by venturing into new markets in Jordan (1999), Zimbabwe (2000), Yemen (2000), Pakistan (2000), Algeria (2001), Tunisia (2002), Iraq (2003), Bangladesh (2004), North Korea (2008), Burundi (2008), Central African Republic (2008) and Namibia and Lebanon (2009) (Gullen and Garcia-Canal 106).
Most established multinational companies cannot risk investing in politically unstable countries, but their counterparts thrive in these regions without fearing the risks involved.
Application in the Hospitality Industry The hospitality industry is growing very first due to modernization that has forced people to adopt new lifestyles. Therefore, the demand for ready goods and services has increased and diversified the operations of the hospitality industry and this has led to the need to develop effective execution strategies to satisfy the needs of consumers, make profits and control local and international markets (Fujii 42).
This industry can apply the information offered by the article to improve its performance in the following ways. First, they should avoid wasting a lot of time in boardroom meetings and conducting research to establish the best ways of implementing their plans. They should focus on short-term achievable plans that do not cost their companies time and resources. This should be done depending on the immediate needs of consumers.
The targeted population should be real and not based on approximations to minimize wastage. This industry produces perishable goods and should adopt practices that will ensure consumers get fresh products (Fujii 69).
In addition, they should not focus on long-term plans because consumer goods are perishable and people keep changing their tastes and preferences. This will help these companies to produce goods that are relevant, cheap and readily available to consumers.
Investors in this sector should pay attention to the need to supply their products and services to consumers when there is demand for them. They should not wait for too long before investing in global operations. The hospitality industry targets both local and foreign consumers and this means that the market for its products and services should be diversified.
McDonald’s took more than 50 years before going global and this means that it wasted time on local markets (Gullen and Garcia-Canal 105). Companies in the hospitality industry should consider using cheap and readily available labor to reduce their operation costs even if they will have to train some workers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Execution Strategies in the Hospitality Industry by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More All businesses face risks and even the safest industry has serious threats that may shut its operations within seconds. The hospitality industry will never run out of clients if the current trends are anything to follow. This means that the demand for food and accommodation services will keep rising because globalization will never end.
Companies that invest in this sector should take risks and explore markets that are feared by their established counterparts (Fujii 71). It is necessary to explain that the services of this industry are needed in all regions regardless of their political situations. The prices of their goods and services will be higher because they will dominate markets located in risky areas.
Article’s Contribution to the Development of Strategic Management Theory Michael Porter explains that businesses must create an exceptional and valuable position, align company policies and choose what not to do to ensure they execute their strategic plans effectively (Fujii 72).
This article supports the claims of strategic management theories that investors must identify gaps in markets and use their resources to fill them. Multinational companies may have massive capital and skilled workers, but this does not guarantee them success (Fujii 76).
Therefore, this article stresses the need to identify opportunities and use the available resources to execute strategic plans to ensure organizations expand their operations and generate profits. Secondly, this theory emphasizes the importance of grabbing opportunities without wasting time in boardroom discussions. Fast food restaurants like Wimpy, Wendy’s and Taco Bell were established after McDonald’s, but are now competing with it because they do not waste time before implementing their plans.
In addition, they do not have numerous long-term strategies like McDonald’s. Therefore, this article proves the need for companies to have short-term plans and embrace opportunities without wasting a lot of time (Fujii 89). Lastly, the paper explains the importance of taking risks in business activities and explains how various companies managed to expand their operations in countries that were facing political instability.
The information offered strengthens the assertion of strategic management theories that risk takers have higher chances of succeeding because they monopolize business operations. Risky investments do not attract people and thus the few that are ready and willing to explore their opportunities enjoy the advantages of monopoly in various operations.
Conclusion Gullen and Garcia-Canal argue that an effective execution strategy enables investors to manage time properly and grasp opportunities without considering their limitations.
In addition, they claim that investors should focus on executing their plans by identifying gaps in markets and working hard to fill them with cheap products or services. Lastly, they believe that this plan should involve taking risks and exploring opportunities that do not seem conducive for business operations.
Works Cited Fujii, Tomohisa. Business Intelligence for Strategic Management: Essentials of Strategic Management Theory (Strategic Management Series). New York: Tom Publishing, 2014. Print.
Gullen. Mauro F. and Esteban Garcia-Canal. Execution Strategy: How Emerging-Market Multinationals Thrive Amid Turbulence. Boston: Harvard Business Review, 2012. Print.
Higher Education’s Value in Today’s Society Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The value of higher education in society
Skills acquired through higher education
Introduction In contemporary society, higher education has become a core aspect of success and development and ascension into various economic classes (Haveman
The Theories of Theatre’s Origins Essay online essay help
There are several theories of theatre origin. None of them is concrete evidence. The ritualistic theory argues that probably theatre started from dithyramb a hymn chanted in religious ,functions to honor a god. The other theory is function the list in which people imitated gods hence the he birth of theatre.
The pros of the functionalism theory are the belief that rituals influenced drama because societies have rituals. The other pro is that the theory is the most pervasive. However, the con is that not all societies develop similarly.
Briefly summarize the history of Athenian tragedy. How did it come to be, who were its major practitioners, what were its performance conditions, what social functions did it serve? Why did it decline? How does Oedipus fit into the history of either Athens or Athenian tragedy?
The Athenian tragedy is also the oldest type of tragedy. Some scholars link its origin to the performances of lyrical epic poetry. Others argue that it started as ritual performances to the honor of Dionysos a Greek god. During the ritual sacrifices of goats and singing would take place. Moreover, the performer would wear a mask.
The tragedy performances took place in an open theatre to a male populace. Women did not perform as actors in the plays. The play’s inspiration was the Greek mythology a part of the Greek religion. The plays served the function of entertainment and advancing morals in society. Therefore, no violence on stage and death of an actor occurred on the heard backstage.
They also used the plays in competition during festivals and religious functions. Besides, political statements were outlawed in the plays. The plays declined as the Greek government power diminished. The Oedipus fit into the Athenian tragedy in that Antigone Oedipus’ daughter conflicted with her uncle over the burial of one of her brothers. He punished her and eventually, his wife and son committed suicide in despair.
How would Aristotle recommend a playwright approach writing a play? Use and define at least four of his key terms from the poetics.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Aristotle, the best play should have a single and complex plot. The plot is the order of events in a play and all plots must have pathos meaning suffering. The complex plot should include peripeteia or reversal a situation in which a play changes its direction suddenly and events take a different turn.
Besides, a play should have an aspect of recognition also called anagnorisis to discover ties that bind then for instance love. Such an element makes play arouse fear and sympathy in the audience. The tragic hero must also make a hamartia or a mistake that will lead to his suffering and teach the audience that mistakes lead to suffering although some of the hero’s mistakes are partly not because of his weakness.
How should we distinguish between old and new comedy? Use at least one example. Two would be better.
Old comedy focuses on political figures or heroes, use of masks, chorus sang, but new comedy focuses on life issues such as family and love based on fictional individuals. It does not include choruses. Example of old comedy is Frogs in which god Dionysus raises Euripides from the dead and new comedy is Grouch which deals with matters such as love, slaves, and marriage.
Briefly describe the conditions of one medieval form of theatre either the liturgical tropes or Corpus Christi plays. Also, identify the two major forms of theatre at the end of the medieval period.
The Corpus Christi plays had a number of conditions during the medieval era. The governing body of the city convened and decided whether to allow the staging of a Corpus Christi play. The body also appointed the master of the pageant. The master was a professional drawing a salary. The plays were of high quality because they attracted audiences that kept the economy strong.
The plays had to be of a certain length to fit into the time allotted. Those employed to perform had to be at their best behavior because the pageant master could sanction any negative behavior and impose fines. Furthermore, to ensure allegiance and smooth running of the pageants each person was restricted to one role and eliminated monopoly of a few actors. Major forms of theatre were mystery and morality.
We will write a custom Essay on The Theories of Theatre’s Origins specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Identify one historical event that influenced the emergence of English renaissance theatre. Explain how it did so, using examples from hamlet. How does this aspect of the English renaissance shape the play’s dramatic power? Does it do so effectively, in your view? Why or why not?
The decline of the medieval era led to the emergency of the English renaissance. People started questioning the idea of God and his relationship to the human race. They broke away from the absolute believe in God that was very strong in the middle ages. The new shift in thinking brought about a change in the social hierarchy and many people found freedom. They became inquisitive of their world and led to the rise of the English renaissance.
Shakespeare’s play the Hamlet created human characters with complex psychological issues. Other characters such as the monarchs had human characteristics. For instance, Hamlet a prince mourned and grieved deeply for his father after his killing.
The sorrow he felt was so deep that his words or appearance could not display its magnitude. He struggled with the idea of avenging his father’s death after learning that Claudius killed him. Finally, he concluded that he must commit murder to avenge the death of his father.
The English renaissance aspect shapes the play’s dramatic power through the creation of Hamlet, a character that exhibits a complex psychological nature. He does it effectively in the way he justifies killing Claudius hence shifting the guilt of killing from himself.
Summarize the history of Shakespearean production and adaptation. Which approach seems the best and most interesting to you? How does the approach either succeed or fail in one production/film you have seen? (Describe the production)
Some of the adaptations are faithful. They have recaptured the texts very closely such as Henry V. Others are loose adaptations of Shakespeare’s work for instance Throne of Death film from Macbeth. Moreover, literal adaptations of his works are available such as Romeo and Juliet. The best approach to me is the loose adaptations because they give the producers room to be creative and adapt the film to different cultures using the original storyline of the text.
The production succeeds in Ran film adapted from King Lear. The film took the story to Japan and used Japanese aspects to tell the story. Hidetora based on Lear retires and divided his land among his three sons. The Japanese culture allows only males to inherit property thus his children are all males.
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Drama Play “The Pain and the Itch” by Bruce Norris Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Of all satirical plays with a dystopian streak, The Pain and the Itch is, perhaps, the hardest to adapt into a staged performance.
Even though the work itself was designed to be seen in a theater instead of perceived as a reading material, it is too complicated to pull off – the success of the play hinges not only on the talent of the actors, but also on the atmosphere created with the help of clever use of light and shadow, the design of decorations, the use of props and the costumes, as well on the playwright’s ability to deliver the main idea of the story in a cohesive and convincing manner.
It was only by putting each and every element mentioned above into its place that Norris’s play finally turned out such a huge success as a staged performance.
First, the actors should be credited for their amazing job. Each actor’s delivery of his/her role was pitch perfect; they nailed down the essence of the consumerist attitudes within a typical middle-class American family. Hadid Kelly was, perhaps, one of the best-portrayed characters of all in the play, representing a delightful contrast to the typical American family.
However, the impression would have been incomplete without the decorations and setting. The set clearly exaggerated the traditional American middle-class family, not to the point where it would seem grotesque, but well enough for the audience to have a good laugh at the ridiculous social standards and the tendency for an average American citizen to follow these standards blindly.
The lighting was very bright, with a very clean set representing a typical home-sweet-home environment, where everything is in its place. While the lighting could have been dimmed somewhat do hint at the issues within the family, the overall impression is very good. The elements of the setting contrasted sharply with the chaotic nature of the relationships between the family members and the lack of understanding between them, thereof.
Finally, the play itself has clearly provided some food for thoughts. The clever dialogue between the family members as Norris portrayed it is obviously the key factor in the play’s success.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the way in which the actors communicate, the despair that their careless conversations capture, and the unique manner in which the actors put the emphasis on the words and phrases that, quite honestly, would have been passed unnoticed by the public otherwise, is truly fascinating.
For example, the way Clay says, “I just don’t want it to seem like a big deal” (The Pain and the Itch Act One) allows reading a number of innuendoes into his words, including his increasingly deteriorating relationships with his wife.
Although the legitimacy of some of the choices regarding the decorations and the lighting may be questioned, the overall impression made by the staged version of the play is very good. The actors delivered stellar performances, nailing down their roles with impeccable accuracy, the setting creates the appropriate environment, and the script allows for character development, as well as the development of the storyline.
Combined together, these elements leave an unforgettable impression, working for the benefit of the play and getting a range of thought-provoking ideas to the audience. The pain and anguish of the consumerist society and family institution within this society have never been as obvious as they are after Norris’s play has been staged.
Works Cited The Pain and the Itch. By Bruce Norris. Dir. Dale Albright. The Custom Made Theater Co., San Francisco, CA. 17 January 2014. Performance.
Literature Studies: Poetry in Business Schools Essay writing essay help
Introduction Poetry and business are both forms of art. The environment of entrepreneurs is in a way similar to the poets. Their exposure to possibilities, risk-taking, and finding innovative solutions to troubles are what makes them similar.
Poetry is a primordial form of art that is gradually losing its meaning in different professions with business taking the lead. Today, many significant poets involved in businesses by either obligation or preference have seen no important connection between the two as not any is writing about commerce. This happens because poetry inculcates the splendor and rhythm of language to create emotional content.
Its creativity relates to the prowess of hiding meaning in messages. As a result, it suffers from a picture predicament. Its pleasing and seductive rhythm and lyrics appear tricky but teasing and preservative. Business manuscripts, on the other hand, seem to have straightforward, easy meanings and in line with the accounting standards.
Poetry in Business is Irrelevant Why teach poetry in business while poetry itself does not recognize business? Modern poetry describes the business world as a world of tedium, loneliness, and impersonality. In addition, poetry uses exclusion to define it by not including it in its world and consequently, by insinuation, the business has developed into all that poetry is not.
If the poetry today recognizes it by any means, it has condensed its vastness and diversity into some dated ideas learned from movies. Unlike business, poetry is a world full of imagination, enlightenment, and opinion, the universe from which business is trying to disentangle.
Business calls for facts, statistics, and complete clarification. It is rare to find a poem, which directly concerns community organizations that dominate our lives, such as businesses or situations that progressively characterize them.
Secondly, poetry is too difficult for other professions. Numerous individuals devote their lives to learning poetry and still face difficulties comprehending its meaning. In addition, professional poets persistently debate on poetry’s nature. This portrays that not even they understand it, but also the students grasp it properly for its application in business activities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Poetry usually has numerous meanings and until the education system defines it clearly, and consequently, how and what a business lecturer should teach in it, it will maintain its description of philosophy aids, exercises for the youth, and somewhat illogical puzzles. Until then, it remains of little or no significance in business classrooms among other professions.
Thirdly, business students only require learning of Basic English and not its complicated form like poetry. Some poems will always prove difficult for students and require adult intelligence to grasp their sense. Therefore, teaching it in schools along with other professions results to students developing detest for poetry or even their career.
According to many reports, numerous students are struggling with Basic English in schools and only a small percentage is making sufficient progress. If students are having difficulties in Basic English, there is no rigid reason for teaching the complex one. Business studies do not require the complex poetic structure to tackle any situation; simple grammar and vocabulary will do it all.
Conclusion Unless teaching of poetry in business schools is in terms of buying and selling poetry merchandise, many view it as a waste of time otherwise used to make future entrepreneurs more competent or add more business ideas. Commerce world is a novelists’ territory and not a poet’, reflecting common and not private experiences.
Business is a vital field in the world today and the addition of unnecessary topics can harm its understanding. One can earn skills such as creativity, memory, and confidence from various field activities, like the creation of business proposals other than studying poetry.
Education: Critical Thinking Process Essay online essay help
Critical thinking refers to the ability to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate information or a situation. It entails the practice of engaging in independent and reflective thinking to identify and evaluate ideas to make informed decisions. Many situations in life require us to apply theories and logic to solve problems. Thus, critical thinking skills help people to make informed decisions and solve problems in a systematic manner.
To acquire critical thinking skills, one needs to learn how to evaluate arguments, identify faults in reasoning, and make relevant decisions based on justifiable grounds. Thus, education is an integral part of critical thinking, as it helps people to accumulate relevant information and understand the relationships between theories and ideas.
Critical thinking goes beyond a simple analysis of an argument’s content or style. It entails an assessment of an argument’s rational appeal and the reasoning behind it. When analyzing an argument, a critical thinker would first examine the conclusion to unravel its intent and assumptions.
The next step involves clearing the ambiguities that cloud the key ideas forming the basis of the argument. To achieve this, a critical thinker must remain neutral and unbiased towards certain preconceived notions or theories. One must be careful not to interpret a situation based on universally accepted theories or assumptions.
A critical thinker employs inductive and deductive reasoning in his or her thinking. This involves the use of laws and models to evaluate a situation to arrive at a valid conclusion. Additionally, a critical thinker relies on evidence to support his or her argument. The evidence may come from universally accepted facts, anecdotes, and hypothetical cases.
Critical thinkers often invoke hypothetical cases drawn from philosophical, political, and religious schools of thought in their argument. They also use analogies to illustrate their argument in a clear and unequivocal manner.
Thus, critical thinking involves the use of facts as evidence for one’s argument or thesis. It relies on inductive and deductive reasoning, intuition, creativity, and lateral thinking. Critical thinking is a learned behavior that students can acquire through formal education.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Critical thinking is different from intelligence, which is the ability to learn new and complex ideas or concepts. Nevertheless, the two traits are interrelated because a good critical thinker must be intelligent and creative.
In his speeches, Dr. Martin Luther King urged people to acquire critical thinking skills and be objective in their judgment, as bias hampers effective decision-making. Furthermore, he urged people to embrace education as one way of developing reflective thinking skills. King believed that character and intelligence in society contribute to social, political, and economic development.
In my life, I have found myself in situations that have required me to think critically. Towards the end of last year, our instructor gave us a service-learning assignment to undertake during the holidays. I decided to volunteer as a student counselor at a heritage center, the Jewish Cultural Center.
The center had launched a mentorship program for children (students) aged less than twelve years. One of the program’s goals was to improve the children’s math, language, and reading skills. On one occasion, I struck up a conversation with an 11-year old boy at the center.
As the conversation went on, I asked him whether he likes math and reading. He replied that he liked math, but not language and reading. His response was quite unexpected. I was about to probe further when he asked me if I could read a paper he had written about the American Civil War. I agreed to read it but was surprised that an 11-year old could write about an important historical topic, which I came to learn about at the age of 19.
My conversation with this boy made me develop a new perspective on learning. I learned that literacy encompasses not only reading and writing, but also the learning of important historical, cultural, and social aspects of society. I also learned that out-of-class learning is an important component of literacy.
I gained experience from the interactions with the children, which helps me to analyze and evaluate the topics I learn in our class. I now seek new insights about a topic, engage the other students in discussions, and think critically about course topics. I also value outside-class learning as a way of applying the concepts learned in class in the real world. In this regard, intelligence and critical thinking have helped me develop a new perspective on literacy.
We will write a custom Essay on Education: Critical Thinking Process specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, for one to make informed decisions, he or she must be intelligent and a critical thinker. Intelligence and critical thinking go hand in hand. As Martin Luther once remarked, critical thinking skills are acquired through education.
Education helps us to understand ideas/concepts, analyze them, and make a conclusion based on evidence. Because we encounter situations that need a critical analysis of the issues before making a decision, critical thinking skills are important to everyone. Thus, people should learn to make use of critical thinking to solve problems affecting them.
History: The American Red and Blue State Divide Essay college essay help: college essay help
Presidential elections in the 21st century are associated with the red, and blue state divide represented on political maps were the states with the majority to vote for Republicans are colored in red, and the states where citizens prefer to vote for Democrats are colored in blue. The reference to the modern red-blue map became popular in 2000 because this variant of the map was promoted in the media to demonstrate the preferences of the US voters.
However, the red-blue map can serve only as of the demonstration tool because it cannot be used to explain the aspects of the political geography and reasons for red states to vote for Republicans and blue states to vote for Democrats.
Nevertheless, the red and blue state divide is discussed as the effective representative tool to demonstrate the differences in the US voters’ visions because it usually illustrates the support for Republicans in the West and South of the country and the support for Democrats in the Northeast and on the West Coast.
There are no historic explanations to the use of the colors to divide the states because, during different historical stages, various colors were used to mark the states.
The association of red states with Republicans and blue states with Democrats is traditionally explained in different ways, focusing on the connection between revolutionary ideas and the red color and democratic ideas and the blue color. There is also the association of Republicans and the red color based on the words’ first letter.
Federal Budget Issues Term Paper college application essay help
Outline The federal budget deficit is on the highest mark ever. This calls for tough choices that will involve cutting down the budget expenditures as well as the adoption of tough austere measures to curb the wastage.
The recommended work efforts of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO)on a budget regarding the process of budget making are listed below. The CBO gives advice on array of the policy options in the annual budget is to provide solutions on how to save through thrift use of resources.
It is said that most of the time, the recommendations they give are ignored. A number of organizations have come up in a bid to put pressure on the government to adopt austere measures in order to check the budget gap before it gets out of control. Indeed it is the responsibility of every citizen to check on how the Federal government spends their hard-earned taxes.
Based on the aforementioned, it is clear that some items should be cut from the federal government Budget. The options will cover single items picked from four broad areas in the federal budget, where there is evidence of waste.
Options The federal government spent over $3 billion to re-sand the beaches. The project dubbed “re-nourishment” is meant to replenish the beach with sand in order to attract more tourists. However, according to the experts from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the exercise is futile because the seawater will wash it back to the sea as easily as the original beach sands (Gray 2012, p 271).
Systematic plundering of over $20.8 billion in Iraq aid. (Reidl 2009) After the invasion, the government embarked on massive projects to rebuild the infrastructure of Iraqi, But it’s now being revealed that billions of dollars earmarked for reconstruction projects in Iraq were either wasted or stolen through well-devised fraud schemes.
More than 50,000O federal homes are vacant. (Reidl 2009) Due to the economic slowdown that has led to the slump in the housing market, which in turn led to 50,000 houses being unoccupied. This has lead to loss of billions of tax payer’s money.
Over $146 million is spent annually in-flight upgrades because federal government employees choose to exploit weaknesses in the control system to avoid flying in coach. If the officials fly not the first class but more scrutinized business class, it will result in five times less (Reidl 2009)
Reference List Reidl, Brian. The Heritage Foundation. 2009. Web.
Gray, Jim. Focus: Arrogance and Greed America’s Cancer. New York: AuthorHouse, 2012.
Asian Studies: Views on Great Leap Forward by F. Dikötter Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Frank Dikötter’s Key Arguments
Sources of Evidence
Critique of Dikötter’s Arguments
A Personal Evaluation of the Great Leap Forward
The Great Leap Forward was Chairman Mao Zedong’s grand strategy to industrialize China and build an economy that would have surpassed the economies of the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and even the United States (Chen 52; Dikötter 26-27).
According to Dikötter (27), Mao Zedong saw an opportunity in the masses, and he was convinced that by substituting labor for capital, China would have transformed into an industrial economy within months. Accordingly, Mao with the help of his provincial heads started the Great Leap Forward in 1958 by encouraging the masses to participate in preparing the farms, setting up irrigation projects, and building water reservoirs (Dikötter 27).
However, the ambitious economic modernization project that was the Great Leap Forward gave birth to the world’s worst or even the biggest humanitarian disasters ever witnessed.
According to unofficial sources, an approximated 20-50 million people lost their lives due to famine and the other activities of the Great Leap Forward in the period between 1958 and 1961 (Chen 66-69). This has not been confirmed since the official documents are held as confidential, closed, or sensitive.
However, with the opening of some government archives to the public, Frank Dikötter, a renowned author, claims to have had access to useful evidence from the archives.
He claims that the “Great Leap Forward” was nothing, but a big strategic failure characterized by coercion, violence, and terror (Dikötter 30). The purpose of this essay is to evaluate Frank Dikötter’s claims and arguments regarding the Great Leap Forward and provide personal views on the same issue.
Frank Dikötter’s Key Arguments From the onset, Dikötter believed that the humanitarian disaster that arose from the Great Leap Forward was a manmade mistake. First, the author argues that the famine that lasted for almost four years was a direct consequence of the decisions that trickled down from the Chinese government officials to the provincial heads and the people who were in direct control of the projects (Cheek 1565; Dikötter 35).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, Dikötter accuses the government and its officials of ignoring the plight of tens of millions of ordinary people who were starving to death.
More specifically, the author points out that the government of Mao Zedong and his premier, Zhou Enlai, was responsible for the increased food procurement quotas, which affected millions of people in the countryside. The returns from such increased food procurement quotas were meant to cover the cost of international imports (Dikötter 28-35; Lizhi 373).
According to Dikötter’s analysis, Mao Zedong was already aware of the consequences of the Great Leap Forward even before the first warning signs appeared.
However, Mao chose to ignore the warning signs and assumed that the death of half of the population would have helped to safeguard the interests of the other half of the population (Dikötter 40). As a result, approximately 45 million Chinese people died prematurely (Dikötter 324-326).
This is contrary to the figures previously reported by the government and other historians, which show that around 20-30 million people died because of the famine that followed the Great Leap Forward.
In Dikötter’s own words, around 2-3 million deaths arose from torture or summary executions, which targeted those who were weak, old, or deemed lazy by the authorities. Most of these people were beaten, hanged, or lowered into the depths of ponds to die.
In other extreme cases of violence against the masses, mutilation and forceful feeding on human excrement were common ways of punishing those deemed to be a liability to Mao’s projects. Surprisingly, some of the crimes that attracted the above-mentioned forms of punishment were as insignificant as stealing a potato to feed a starving family member (Dikötter 38-60).
We will write a custom Essay on Asian Studies: Views on Great Leap Forward by F. Dikötter specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sources of Evidence According to Dikötter (341-344), until the last few years, it was impossible for a member of the public to gain access to party archives that contain the details of the government’s activities before and after the Great Leap Forward. However, the author claims to have had access to most of the party archives, which are currently open to the public (Dikötter 341).
As noted earlier, the author contends that the number of people who lost their lives due to the activities of the Great Leap Forward could be anywhere between 45 to 50 million instead of the 20-30 million that previous historians have reported (Dikötter 324). The author settled on the final tally after reviewing hundreds of party documents from different provinces in China.
After examining the party documents, the author discovered that they contained useful evidence to support his claims regarding the number of deaths as well as the inhumane activities carried out by the administrators of the Great Leap Forward.
Some of the documentation examined by Dikötter ranged from official census figures to minutes of provincial committees involved in the execution of the Great Leap Forward as well as public security reports and police reports (Dikötter 343).
According to the author’s analysis, a combination of all the fundamental documentation proved that previous demographers were wrong in their estimations of the number of deaths arising from the famine and the unorthodox implementation of the Great Leap Forward.
More Specifically, Dikötter points out inadequacies in the figures provided by the government and other historians. For example, the author reports that in 1962, the then public security official located in the province of Sichuan reported to his seniors that the number of casualties in his jurisdiction was around 10.6 million people (Dikötter 325).
This figure, according to Dikötter (325), does not appear anywhere in the official records on the number of casualties related to the Great Leap Forward and the famine.
Hence, the author concludes that if all the unpublished party archives including reports by the provincial Public Security Bureaus, reports by the local party committees, and documents from the local Statistical Bureaus were to be analyzed systematically, the number of deaths related to the famine would amount to a minimum of 45 million people (Dikötter 325).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Asian Studies: Views on Great Leap Forward by F. Dikötter by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Critique of Dikötter’s Arguments Frank Dikötter’s analysis of the consequences of Mao’s Great Leap Forward and the causes of the tragic outcome of the ambitious project is yet another masterpiece that exposes Mao’s insane ideas and nasty utopia (Cheek 1565; Lizhi 373).
The author presents well-documented stories and official statements from the people who worked under Mao to show how the communist leader treated his people recklessly and rashly instead of being their savior and protector (Cheek 1565). Furthermore, the author exposes previously undocumented evidence on the high levels of violence, killings, and terror that characterized the implementation of the Great Leap Forward.
However, instead of relying on hearsay and the content of previous historians as well as the official reports provided by the government, the author takes it upon himself to research and insightfully examine volumes of undocumented party archives to support his arguments.
On the other hand, Dikötter’s reliance on a strong documentary base is not an indicator of the completeness of the story behind the Great Leap Forward. The author is quick to add a letter at the end of his book to inform readers of the limited nature of the sources used to support his arguments.
Hence, while Dikötter managed to present a strong case and lay down an exemplary framework for future scholarship on China’s Great Leap Forward and Chinese communism, several weaknesses can be pointed out of the author’s arguments. First, the author is biased toward blaming Mao and his supporters for everything that went wrong during and after the Great Leap Forward.
This biased focus on the factors that hindered the successful implementation of the Great Leap Forward overlooks the contribution of social, economic, environmental, and even political factors toward the project’s failure (Cheek 1565).
Secondly, the author’s focus on Mao may imply that he does not undertake an objective analysis of the thousands of documents that he claims to have reviewed. If this were to be the case, then it means that Dikötter does not analyze the contribution of the system under the leadership of Mao, which failed as a whole in the planning, development, and implementation of the Great Leap Forward.
Moreover, the author’s analysis and extrapolation on the number of deaths arising from the Great Leap Forward and the famine could be biased to some extent.
For instance, the author’s claims contain overblown estimations of the death toll without a clear and substantiated picture. Hence, it is difficult for readers to follow the author’s statistical analyses that led him to conclude that the number of people who died is more than what previous historians have reported.
A Personal Evaluation of the Great Leap Forward Many things have been told about the horrifying experience that the Chinese people underwent in the hands of their respective leaders, particularly during and after the Great Leap Forward. However, from a personal perspective, the Great Leap Forward was a huge misinformed economic strategy meant to satisfy Mao’s reckless approach to Cold War competition.
The truthfulness of this statement lies in the analysis of Mao’s reasons for initiating and implementing the Great Leap Forward.
According to Shen and Xia (860-861), Mao Zedong’s main motivation toward implementing a new economic modernization strategy was the idea that China could follow in the footsteps of the Soviet Union and develop rapidly along the socialist road to the extent of surpassing the economies of the two western powerhouses, Great Britain and the United States.
This implies that there was no strong economic reasoning behind the development and implementation of the Great Leap Forward, but instead, a political motivator was being passed off as an economic policy.
More specifically, it is evident from historical records that the Soviet Union leader, Khrushchev’s boast that his country was capable of surpassing the economy of the United States in just a few years inspired Mao into thinking that China could also do the same.
Therefore, without further consideration, Mao embarked on a journey to transform China into an industrial powerhouse within a few months. Subsequently, Mao rolled out his unrealistic plans in 1958 in the form of the Great Leap Forward, which saw the Chinese people being forced into unplanned farming so that enough money could be raised from agriculture to support the launch of different industrialization projects (Chen 51-54).
If Mao planned to be successful, China would have transformed into an industrial economy within just a few months, and this move would have come as a surprise to the likes of the United States, which had taken decades to industrialize.
Unfortunately, the outcome of the Great Leap Forward was a catastrophic agricultural failure, which caused the death of tens of millions of Chinese people, particularly the peasant farmers who were left to starve to death despite their hard work in producing grain.
According to Chen (55), the ruthless implementation of the project coupled with the mismanagement of agricultural produce and a couple of bad decisions at the highest levels of governance contributed to the agricultural failure and huge food shortages that caused the death of millions of people.
Conclusion The Great Leap Forward was Chairman Mao Zedong’s most favorable economic strategy meant to transform China into an industrial economy and help the country to surpass the economies of the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the United States.
However, instead of producing the desired outcome, the Great Leap Forward caused a huge catastrophic agricultural failure that saw the death of tens of millions of Chinese people in the period between 1958 and 1961. For many years, authorities in the Chinese government have blamed the weather for the bad ending of the most ambitious project in Chinese history.
However, a recent exposé by Frank Dikötter backed by a strong documentary base of party archives from different regions in China shows that Mao and his leadership is to blame for most of the failings that characterized the Great Leap Forward.
While there is some truth to these recent claims, there is the need for further research and analyses of additional archival documents to come up with a conclusive answer on the major causes of the Great Leap Forward’s failure.
Works Cited Cheek, Timothy. “Frank Dikötter. Mao’s Great Famine: The History of China’s Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-1962.” American Historical Review 117.5(2012): 1565-1566. Print.
Chen, Yixin. “Cold War Competition and Food Production in China, 1957-1962.” Agricultural History 83.1(2009): 51-78. Print.
Dikötter, Frank. Mao’s Great Famine: The History of China’s Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-1962. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2010. Print.
Lizhi, Fang. “Mao’s Great Famine: The History of China’s Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-1962.” Common Knowledge 18.2(2012): 373-374. Print.
Shen, Zhihua, and Yafeng Xia. “The Great Leap Forward, the People’s Commune and the Sino-Soviet Split.” Journal of Contemporary China 20.72(2011): 861-880. Print.
Drug Addiction History in Urban Areas Since the 1970s Essay (Critical Writing) argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Housing inequalities after the Civil Rights Movement The Civil Rights Movement comprised various social movements that were aimed at eradicating discrimination and social segregation in American society (Ollhoff, 2011). African Americans wanted to be treated fairly and get their voting rights. The whites were uncomfortable with using the same facilities with blacks. Poverty could not allow them to live in urban areas.
Instead, they moved to inner-city neighborhoods that could sustain their poor lifestyles. Only white people inhabited urban neighborhoods. The movement lasted from 1955 to 1968. Nonviolent protests and civil resistance were the main methods used by people who took part in the movement (Ollhoff, 2011).
Poverty Poverty among African Americans was due to the inequalities that characterized American society. The blacks had access to few opportunities while whites had access to many opportunities. After the Civil Rights Movement, many states became residentially segregated societies. Blacks were poor and therefore, inhabited inner-city neighborhoods (Ollhoff, 2011). On the other hand, whites inhabited urban neighborhoods.
The relocation of industrial enterprises into neighborhoods inhabited by whites led to the prevalence of poverty among the black population. Economic restructuring caused widespread unemployment and the relocation of African Americans into inner-city neighborhoods (Ollhoff, 2011). The poverty was also largely due to segregation and discrimination. To avoid racism and segregation, many African Americans moved to northern cities.
However, economic restructuring led to a high rate of unemployment that affected many people. The only jobs available were low wage jobs that could not support families. After economic restructuring, European immigrants moved to northern cities where African Americans had inhabited.
The few jobs available were awarded to the European immigrants at the expense of African Americans (Ollhoff, 2011). They only got unskilled jobs that had very low wages. This contributed to the prevalence of poverty in inner-city neighborhoods.
Rise of ghettos in America The rise of ghettos was initiated by laws that were passed with the aim of segregating African Americans. Some states passed constitutions that barred members of certain races from living in areas designated for whites (Ollhoff, 2011). Segregation and discrimination led to the movement of middle and upper-class white members to suburban neighborhoods.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Unemployment and poverty led to the immigration of African Americans into inner-city neighborhoods (Ollhoff, 2011). Also, discriminative laws were also responsible for the rise of ghettos in America. Whites were violent against blacks who tried to encroach their neighborhoods because they feared that encroachment would lead to the decline of land prices. Ghettos developed in inner-city neighborhoods that were inhabited by poor people.
These neighborhoods had cheap life and thus encouraged the immigration of African Americans (Ollhoff, 2011). Most of them were living in poverty and could sustain their families by moving to these poor neighborhoods.
Segregation African Americans were victims of widespread discrimination and segregation. The whites had developed a system that segregated African Americans to keep them under their rule. Blacks were barred from using certain public facilities to discourage any interactions with the whites (Ollhoff, 2011).
For example, certain transport facilities were only used by white people. Also, rules were developed to determine how African Americans could use certain facilities. In institutions, black units were separated from white units and governed by white generals. The whites extended segregation to the housing sector. Laws restricted members of certain races from residing in certain areas (Ollhoff, 2011).
The Vietnam War The Vietnam War commenced in 1956 and ended in 1975. The United States supported the government of South Vietnam, while China, the Soviet Union, and other communist countries supported the government of North Vietnam (Wiest, 2008). Approximately 3 million people died during the war. Among those who died, 58,000 were Americans. The war was long and expensive.
The United States withdrew its soldiers from the war in 1973 after losing many soldiers (Wiest, 2008). The Vietnam War was a unique war because of the extent of drug use by soldiers. Vietnam was famous for the growth of marijuana. Many soldiers who took part in the war used drugs. The situation was different before the war because many of the soldiers had not used drugs before.
Before war Before the war, drug use was not common among soldiers. However, some of them were using drugs. Many American soldiers were first introduced to drug use during the war (Fink, 2010). They could not handle the effects of the war. Rampant killings, violence, rapes, and abductions necessitated the use of substances that could enable them to forget or ignore these ills.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Drug Addiction History in Urban Areas Since the 1970s specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Major drugs used during the war included heroin and marijuana (Fink, 2010). Many countries, including America, had stringent measures that discouraged drug use among soldiers. Use or possession of drugs was a criminal act that was punishable by law (Fink, 2010). Therefore, many soldiers had not used drugs before the war.
During the war During the Vietnam War, drug use was rampant. Soldiers mainly used marijuana and heroin (Wiest, 2008). Vietnam was famous for the growth of marijuana. Therefore, the dug was readily available to soldiers. They used it to relax, end anxiety, and gain the courage to continue with the war (Fink, 2010). Also, it aided them to take their thoughts off what was happening as well as believe in the justice of the war.
Drugs were used to blind soldiers so that they could not realize the severity of their actions. Many soldiers preferred marijuana to heroin. Under army rules, drug use by soldiers was a criminal act. However, commanders and other army leaders encouraged it because it helped soldiers to fight (Fink, 2010). After the media revealed the use of drugs by soldiers, the government implemented measures to make marijuana difficult to obtain (Wiest, 2008).
The measures reduced the availability of marijuana but on the other hand, increased the use of heroin. Army leaders encouraged the use of drugs because they helped soldiers to fight, forget their families, and gain courage. The continued use led to addiction among soldiers (Wiest, 2008). A study conducted during the war indicated that approximately 40 percent of soldiers that participated in the war became addicted.
Aftereffects of the war After the war, drug addiction had far-reaching effects on soldiers. The use of heroin was more debilitating than the use of marijuana (Fink, 2010). After going home, addicted soldiers succumbed to illnesses because they could not obtain drugs due to strict anti-drugs laws (Wiest, 2008). The effects of drug addiction were made worse by post-traumatic stress disorder that afflicted the soldiers.
The government helped soldiers to overcome the addiction. However, some of them were unable to recover fully. Historians argue that about 5 percent of the addicted soldiers became re-addicted (Fink, 2010). The environment is a critical factor in helping an individual overcome addiction.
Many soldiers overcame drug addiction because they had left the war environment that was the cause of their addiction (Wiest, 2008). Post-traumatic stress disorder was a factor that contributed to the inability of some soldiers to overcome their addictions. They needed drugs to handle their situations.
The Crack Era Crack Era refers to the period during which crack cocaine became rampant across the United States. In the 1980s, large quantities of cocaine from the Bahamas and the Dominican Republic were shipped to the United States (Webb, 1999). The largest quantity of cocaine shipment landed in the city of Miami. The shipment led to a decrease in the price of cocaine because it was readily available.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Drug Addiction History in Urban Areas Since the 1970s by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Low prices motivated peddlers to convert powder cocaine into a solid form that could be sold in smaller quantities to increase its affordability (Webb, 1999). Therefore, many people were able to afford the drug. The solid form of the drug was referred to as “crack.”
Crack was readily available and affordable, it was easy to produce, and it was highly profitable. It was sold in a ready to use form. Its high profitability attracted many peddlers who were afflicted by poverty and unemployment.
Drug Addiction The Crack Era was characterized by high rates of drug addiction. The epidemic commenced in Los Angeles and later spread to other cities of the United States (Webb, 1999). The availability of cocaine due to low prices led to drug addiction among users, which led to family breakups and rampant crime. New cocaine dealers were individuals who had families.
Therefore, they had to peddle cocaine to earn income to take care of their families. Many children grew up with one parent. Also, many young people dropped out of schools because of addiction. They could not concentrate on their education. The high rates of unemployment and harsh economic times were the main factors that contributed to the indulgence of young people (Webb, 1999).
The drugs were common in ghettos and other poor neighborhoods. Therefore, people turned to crime to sustain their addictions. Cocaine-related emergencies at American hospitals increased. Crack cocaine was available in 48 states, including the District of Columbia.
Crime During this era, crime increased. Many young people turned to crime after dropping from schools. Many groups of people, including low-skilled workers, lost their jobs in production factories (Webb, 1999). This was due to the closure of many factories.
Also, many low-income earners turned to drug peddling to increase their earnings. The development of gangs was the main source of crime because gang members fought over territories and prices. The struggle that ensued led to high rates of homicides. Gang leaders used all measures to ensure that new members did not infiltrate their territories (Webb, 1999).
On the other hand, addicts used crime as a source of money to satisfy their addictions. The robbery was common in cities and middle-income neighborhoods. The high rate of crime necessitated the development of new security measures in neighborhoods. The crime was so rampant that a great percentage of people in prisons were drug dealers and users.
For example, 70% of people arrested in New York City during the Crack era were drug users (Webb, 1999). Violent crime was the most common type of crime. Historians attributed the rise and fall of crime in America to the Crack Era.
For example, during this period, the rate of homicide doubled. Victims were mainly young people between the ages of 14 and 24. Cities populated by low-income earners were the most affected. The crime caused social disintegration because children grew in an environment that was characterized by violence and crime (Webb, 1999).
CIA and government involvement The government commenced a war on drugs by implementing stringent laws that illegalized crack cocaine. Laws against crack were more severe than laws against powder cocaine. The CIA was accused of starting the epidemic because its officers had knowledge of cocaine shipment but failed to act (Webb, 1999). Young black Americans were the main targets.
The involvement of the CIA and the government led to the imprisonment of many people and high rates of incarceration. The USA had the highest rates of imprisonment, which involved mainly young people. Many communities and families were destroyed. The CIA contributed to the crack pandemic in some way because some of its members became involved in the business.
They spared some gangs because they were compromised with huge sums of money (Webb, 1999). Some were even involved directly. The allegation prompted an internal CIA investigation to find out whether some members were involved. The findings of the investigation did not implicate any CIA member in the cocaine saga.
Rebuilding a nation (1990-current) After the crack epidemic, the government took the necessary measures to curb the drug menace. The epidemic was popularized by the media. A report released in 1986 revealed that the use of crack cocaine had declined significantly. However, the media’s coverage of the issue depicted otherwise.
After 1991, the peddling and use of crack cocaine declined significantly because of the government’s efforts (Webb, 1999). The stringent laws that were passed led to the incarceration of many people. Many families disintegrated because fathers and mothers were among the people incarcerated (Blumstein
Computer Science Program in Colleges and Universities Research Paper college admission essay help
In many colleges and universities in the United States and globally, the computer science program is offered to students to prepare them to the identification of computational challenges in all spheres of contemporary life, as well as to designing, implementing, and analyzing algorithmic solutions, and development of software for a multiplicity of applications (University of Kentucky, 2013).
The program provides graduates with manifold job openings, especially in research establishments, government departments, technology, and software development firms, as well as institutions of higher learning.
However, although vocational institutions have contributed immensely to ensuring that qualified individuals enroll into the various programs under the computer science flagship to facilitate skilled manpower and enhance technical productivity, they are yet to be at par with universities in terms of providing quality programs in computer science.
A computer science program at the university level requires students to have cumulative knowledge in the core facets of the program, hence qualified high school students and transfer students with the required number of hours can join the program. With the right level of qualification as per the university regulations, students can join the program as freshmen or as sophomores.
This is different in colleges which offer a two-year associate degree in computer science, as many of them are forced to enroll students with limited experiences and educational backgrounds arising from poor student preparation (Richmond, 1989). However, such students could still transfer to the universities of their choice to pursue the program if they fulfill the set course and institutional requirements successfully.
When discussing the benefits, it is evident that students who pursue the program in university settings receive more quality education than their counterparts in colleges, especially in the context of availability of courses in new and emerging areas of computer science, adequate infrastructure, and cutting-edge equipment, opportunity to be taught by highly-qualified instructors, and adequate financial resources (Goel, n.d.).
The benefits accruing to colleges entail low educational costs and short time needed to complete the program.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In terms of noted differences, it is evident that most colleges are constrained by faculty resources and lack of qualified instructors to provide a quality computer science program (Richmond, 1989), not mentioning that some colleges are unable to meet their set objectives in training qualified individuals for lack of specialization and flexibility in admitting students who have not achieved the minimum grade points (Major, 2014).
The issues that colleges are facing the need to be addressed to enable the colleges to be at par with universities in the provision of quality computer science programs. Because this program is resource-intensive (Richmond, 1989), colleges need to be facilitated by relevant government agencies to access more financial resources to implement adequate infrastructure, purchase cutting-equipment for training, and attract qualified instructors.
This will guarantee that students in vocational institutions can get quality education in computer science, hence contribute immensely to enhancing technical productivity, filling the gap in skilled manpower, and promoting quality of life (Goel, n.d).
Additionally, quality in the computer science program cannot be secured if some colleges continue to enroll students with low grades and insufficient competency levels.
Because this program is quite demanding in terms of education, skills, and competencies, colleges need to develop and implement strategies that will ensure that only those who qualify are enrolled into the program (Goel, n.d). Additionally, issues of lack of specialization, inflexible curriculum, and lack of equivalence for employment purposes need to be addressed by colleges to develop the capacity to offer a quality computer science program.
In conclusion, it is evident from the discussion that, unlike universities, vocational colleges lack most of the critical components needed to ensure quality in the computer science program. To facilitate skilled manpower and enhance technical productivity not only in the country but also globally, the solutions discussed in this paper need to be implemented by colleges, particularly about the provision of the computer science program.
References University of Kentucky. (2013). Computer Science. Retrieved from: http://www.uky.edu/registrar/Major-Sheets/MSCurrent/eng/cs.pdf
We will write a custom Research Paper on Computer Science Program in Colleges and Universities specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Goel, V.P. (n.d.). Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system in India for sustainable development. Retrieved from: http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/up/India_Country_Paper.pdf
Major: Computer Science. (2014). Bigfuture. Retrieved from: https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/majors/computer-information-sciences-computer-science
Richmond, E.R. (1989). Software engineering education in the associate-degree-level vocational/technical computer science program. CIS Educator Forum, 2(3), pp. 13-18. Retrieved from: http://jise.org/Volume02/Pdf/v2n3-p13.pdf
“Crito” by Plato – Politics and Philosophy Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Obedience to the law is an important component of citizenship, and various philosophers have attempted to determine if this compliance with the norms established in the community is always ethical or rational. This issue is explored by Plato in his famous dialogue Crito.
Overall, Plato emphasizes the necessity to comply with the decisions of the state, even though they may seem to be unjust; however, this approach can eventually turn injustice into something acceptable. This is the main flaw of Plato’s arguments.
In this work, the author describes the conversation between imprisoned Socrates and one of his friends, Crito, who urges the convicted philosopher to escape from prison and leave Athens. More importantly, this person offers his assistance to Socrates, but his offer is declined.
Socrates’ argument is largely based on the premise that a citizen accepts the laws adopted in the society and should not resist the decisions of the state represents the interest of the community. To a great extent, this dialogue can be viewed as the precursor to social contract theory that began to be elaborated much later. These are some of the main details that should be taken into consideration.
It is possible to identify several limitations of Plato’s position. In this dialogue, Socrates accepts the death penalty imposed by the state since this state represents a higher ideal. The main problem is that this worldview can legitimize every form of cruelty or injustice that can be perpetrated by the government. This argument is particularly relevant if one speaks about the rise of totalitarian regimes that emerged in the twentieth century.
Socrates does not consider the possibility that the government can brutally suppress every form of disagreement with its existing social norms. To some degree, Socrates becomes the victim of this policy. Secondly, this approach can diminish the role of an individual who can be victimized by the majority. This is another pitfall that should be avoided.
Additionally, the conversation between Socrates and Crito implies that a citizen is fully aware of how the law functions. Thus, it is not permissible for this individual to escape the law that he/she tacitly accepted.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is one of the reasons why Socrates refuses to leave the city. However, this argument is not fully applicable to contemporary communities which have extremely complex systems of laws and regulations. This is another detail that should not be overlooked.
Additionally, one should speak about the ethical implications of Socrates’ decision to accept the decision of the court. This philosopher does not believe that the verdict is just, but he is convinced that one should not respond to it by violating the law. However, Socrates’ behavior may prolong injustice and make it more acceptable.
If every person tries to follow Socrates’s example, the very idea of social change will become impossible. This is one of the issues that Plato does not discuss in this work.
On the whole, it is possible to argue that this reading illustrates various views on the behavior of citizenship and obedience to the law. Through Socrates, Plato introduces the idea of social agreement, which is recognized and accepted by the members of a community.
In his opinion, it is unethical to respond to disobey the laws in response to injustice. However, Plato does not consider the possibility that the state can become totalitarian and punish every form of dissent. These are the main issues that can be identified.
Management: Integrating Legacy Manufacturing Software Essay college application essay help
The operations of many modern manufactures depend on the effective and highly controlled work of the legacy manufacturing software and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems which can function independently or as the integrated systems.
Today, manufacturers are inclined to choose the legacy manufacturing software integrated with ERP systems to facilitate productivity and reduce the costs (Stair
Celebrities and their Effects on the American Society Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Promoting Mental Health among American Celebrities
Introduction The contemporary American society is characterized by celebrities and their positive and negative impacts on both the young and the old. The culture is evident in mainstream media where television programs, magazine articles, and other outlets seem to focus more on these individuals than on other issues affecting the society. As such, one can argue that celebrities are an important part of American culture.
People tend to copy their lifestyles and personalities. Their actions are an inevitable part of modern day media. The irresponsible conduct of these persons is the major issue in the news on radio, television, and magazines.
Their uncouth behavior patterns are negatively impacting on the American youth. Something needs to be done to address this issue. Celebrity managers should be encouraged to take their clients through counseling sessions and relieve them of their duties unless some efforts are made. Provision of mental health services is the probable solution to this menace.
Promoting Mental Health among American Celebrities The youth view celebrities as their role models. They end up imitating their lifestyles and embracing their values and aspirations (Sheridan, North, Maltby, and Gillett 560). One negative impact of this is the fact that several celebrities are known to engage in drug abuse and other immoral activities. For example, Justin Bieber, one of the famous teen pop icons, has received a lot of media attention as a result of his love for alcohol.
According to Duke, the celebrity has “…admitted to drinking, using marijuana, and taking prescription pills” (para. 8). Such acts have increased incidences of drug abuse among the young American generation. They have also led to other immoralities like prostitution and crime. Abuse of drugs is common during performances (Liddle 43).
As such, it is important to find ways to deal with this menace before celebrities turn the “life song” of American young people into a dirty one like those promoted in concerts around the country. One of the ways to do this is to encourage Bieber and his ilk to “sing their songs” on the couches in the offices of mental health counselors (Herd 1260).
Celebrities and their antics entertain Americans. Perhaps, it is high time for society to return the favor by making these idols happy as well. One way to do this is to establish rehab centers and public etiquette schools in Hollywood and other areas where American pop stars write their songs and make movies about the USA.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It appears that most celebrities do not care about the adverse effects of their behavior on other people (Diamond, Bermudez and Schensul 270). That is why the larger society should assume this responsibility of taking care of their personalities, who are so busy tickling Americans to cater to their own needs.
Barrack Obama, the US President, has realized this need. In a public address to the nation, he said that “…public figures and celebrities (like myself) form the pace of the society (…) it is from our actions that the nation becomes…” (Sheff 4-7).
In the same spirit, the Obama administration should come up with legislations requiring all the American celebrities and their custodians to hire mental health specialists. Perhaps, the President should set the ‘pace’ and enroll for counseling sessions himself. After all, this will increase his ratings as one of America’s most unconventional presidents.
The government should play its role in protecting the citizens against the negative effects of celebrity culture (Ferrence 169). Successive administrations have invested billions of dollars in fighting terrorism in the country and the world. However, it appears that the authorities are paying too much attention to the Osamas in Iraq (may he rest in peace!), ignoring the local terrorists by the names of Justin Bieber and Lady Gaga.
Such skewed attention is unfair to the local celebrities as it tends to make the terrorists more famous than Britney Spears. The government should realize that Americans have made up their mind. They have chosen Lady Gaga over Osama. The administration should follow suit and set up legislations aimed at protecting this endangered species by encouraging them (celebrities) to embrace mental health services.
Perhaps, a Don’t Ask Don’t Tell law should be enacted to help these personalities. The government should encourage Bieber to “…(toss) eggs over a fence and onto (other people’s) mansions” (Duke para. 2), to relieve stress after a hard day at work. No one should ask him a question. Celebrity managers should lobby the government to enact these laws.
Conclusion The future of American society is at stake. The celebrities appear to be wreaking havoc on the youth. Something needs to be done. The government should enact laws to make celebrities, under the tutelage of their managers, attend a specified duration of counseling every year. Promoters who fail in this duty should have their licenses to handle this precious American heritage revoked.
We will write a custom Essay on Celebrities and their Effects on the American Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Americans should stop viewing these personalities as negative influences over the youth. Instead, they should join hands with Obama (and the government) to help them.
It is obvious that entertaining Americans is a very difficult task. Matters are worsened by the hard life many ordinary citizens are exposed to. As such, celebrities are working under a lot of pressure to play their honorable duty of making America happy. That is why they need to have access to mental health services to help them cope with the stress they undergo.
Works Cited Diamond, Sarah, Rey Bermudez, and Jean Schensul. “What’s the Rap about Ecstasy?: Popular Music Lyrics and Drug Trends among American Youth.” Journal of Adolescent Research 21.3 (2006): 269-298. Print.
Duke, Alan 2014, Justin Bieber Egg Probe ‘Tightening up’; Prosecutor wants more Investigation. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. .
Ferrence, Roberta. “Diffusion Theory and Drug Use.” Addiction 96.1 (2001): 165-173. Print.
Herd, Denise. “Changes in the Prevalence of Alcohol Use in Rap Song Lyrics, 1979-97.” Addiction 100.9 (2005): 1258-1269.
Liddle, Rove. Adolescence Substance Abuse, New York: Cambridge University Publishers, 2010. Print.
Sheff, David. Overcoming Addiction and Americas Greatest Tragedy, New York: Houghton Hoffin publishers, 2013. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Celebrities and their Effects on the American Society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Sheridan, Lorraine, Adrian North, John Maltby and Raphael Gillett. “Celebrity Worship, Addiction, and Criminality.” Psychology, Crime
Theatre’s Appreciation: “Ubi Roi” by Alfred Jarry Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
The play Ubu Roi or King Ubu was written by Alfred Jarry, can be described as a tragicomedy or even a farce. I was able to see the Cutting Ball production of this work on February 1, 2014. To a great extent, this performance is aimed at making this play more relevant to the contemporary audience.
Overall, the main theme is the absurdity of life, which is driven by power, lust, and greed that eventually lead to the complete corruption of a person. This is the main detail that the viewers should consider.
While discussing the atmosphere of this play, one should focus on several aspects. First of all, the seats were placed too close to the stage.
The main problem is that the viewers could not fully appreciate the scenery and lighting. This is one of the limitations that can be distinguished. It is possible for me to argue that the atmosphere was effectively expressed through sound effects, which enabled the audience to sense the feelings of the major characters and understand the dynamics of the narrative.
It should be mentioned that the action takes place in a modern kitchen setting. One of the details that attracted my attention is that lighting did not always follow the characters, and this mismatch could confuse the audience because viewers could not always determine which of the characters was speaking at a particular moment.
The characters were dressed in formal costumes, and in this way, the performers tried to make the play more relevant to the modern audience.
In turn, different background music helped the spectators trace the development of the plot and understand the emotions of the protagonists. Furthermore, the acting strongly appealed to me because the performers were able to portray the inner world of the main characters. These are some of the aspects that can be singled out.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overall, the actors succeeded in creating a single ensemble, and they were able to illustrate the interactions between the main characters. The only exception was the actor who played the part of a guest invited to the dinner. This person seemed to be quite nervous, and he failed to impersonate the character properly. He did not fully fit this play. This is one of the shortcomings that should not be overlooked.
It is possible for me to say that the voices of actors and their movements enhanced the believability of the performance. These people were able to recreate the absurd world which Alfred Jarry envisioned. Certainly, one actor underplayed his part, but this limitation did not undermine the credibility of acting. This is one of the points that can be made.
In my view, there were several outstanding performances that should be discussed in greater detail. For instance, I can mention the actor who played the role of Mother Ubu. In particular, I would like to refer to the scene when she uses the toilet brush to pretend that she baptizes people. In my view, her acting was both creative and convincing.
Moreover, it is possible to speak about the actor who played the Russian Czar. In particular, one can mention his fishing at the seashore. His facial expression and language immediately indicated that this person had played the role of a Russian czar. This person managed to parody this authority figure. This is why his performance should not be overlooked.
It is also necessary to evaluate the directing of Yury Urnov. First of all, it is possible to mention that the stage was not comfortably balanced. The spectators were sitting around the stage, and they could not always see the faces of actors. Nonetheless, it is possible for me to say that this adaption of the play reflected and even enhanced the main ideas that the author tried to express. The setting and acting made this comedy even more entertaining.
I can say that Yury Urnov properly interpreted the script of the original play. Despite some modifications of the plot, the viewers can see how and why Ubu becomes corrupted by power. Furthermore, this adaptation reflects how playwright parodies various plays of William Shakespeare. Moreover, the director can show that this play remains relevant nowadays.
In my opinion, Yury Urnov reflected the message that the author tried to convey. In particular, he demonstrated how an individual could become relentless because of his/her political inspirations and ambitions. Moreover, the director showed that a personal quest for power could turn into violence and cruelty.
We will write a custom Essay on Theatre’s Appreciation: “Ubi Roi” by Alfred Jarry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, this performance retains the humor of the play. Nevertheless, there are some details that seemed to be quite confusing. For instance, I can mention the actress who was holding a carrot and shaking it. I could not understand the meaning of this symbol.
In my opinion, this production of Ubu Roi is a good example of how a nineteenth-century play can be translated into the language of a post-modern theatre. I would like to speak about the performance of David Sinaiko, who skillfully shows how the main character loses his sanity during the quest for power.
Literature Studies: “Mellow Yellow” by Barry Callaghan Essay a level english language essay help
The short story Mellow Yellow by Barry Callaghan can be well referred to as the account of the deteriorating relationship between the characters of Marie-Claire and Conrad Zingg. In this respect, the metaphor of traffic lights, plays an important role, within the context of how it emphasizes the plot’s plausibility.
This simply could not be otherwise, as the earlier mentioned metaphor does point out to the fact that both of the mentioned characters were psychologically incompatible. In its turn, this justifies Marie-Claire’s decision to break up with Conrad at the end. Let us explore the validity of this suggestion at length.
At the story’s beginning, we learn that Conrad worked as a traffic consultant – that is, he used to design computer software that controls traffic lights. The software’s actual functioning was concerned with allowing drivers to know when to stop and when to go, “Marie-Claire’s father: ‘You’re in charge of the stop and go?’ Conrad: ‘Right’” (Callaghan, p. 37).
However, as the story’s plot develops, readers get to realize that being in the control of the ‘stop and go’ did not solely allow Conrad to make a living. This particular job was reflecting the concerned character’s inner predisposition to remain in the full control of his feelings while imposing his dominance upon others – including Marie-Claire. As Conrad pointed out, “Red and green, in themselves they don’t mean anything… It’s like right and wrong.
Red and green. Life’s that simple, and that hard” (p. 39). It is understood, of course, that in the eyes of Marie-Claire, this made Conrad ill-suited for the role of a lover/husband. After all, it is a well-known fact that, while pursuing a romantic relationship with men, women never cease striving to seek confirmation to the fact that they are indeed being loved.
In this respect, Conrad’s emotional coldness, reflected by his pride of possessing the knowledge of when to stop/to go, did not serve him very well. The reason for this is apparent – as she continued to date Conrad, Marie-Claire was becoming increasingly aware of what accounted for Conrad’s actual motivation to spend time with her.
This motivation, on the concerned person’s part, had to do with his understanding that, for him to be able to attain a social prominence; he needed to establish himself as a respectable married man.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is exactly the reason why Conrad did not only make it clear to Marie-Claire that he intended to marry her, but he also set a fixed date for her to let to come up with either positive or negative decision, in this respect, “He had told her that she had to make up her mind about their future and he had given her until his birthday to decide” (p. 42).
While understanding perfectly well that it would be foolish, on her part, to marry a man who tended to perceive the surrounding reality solely through the lenses of red or green, Marie-Claire came with a hint, “I like yellow” (p. 39). This, however, did not have any effect on Conrad.
Moreover, as time went on, Marie-Claire started to realize that, contrary to how she used to think of this initially, Conrad’s preoccupation with trying to contribute to the society’s well-being, by the mean of ensuring the traffic’s orderliness, was rather pretentious.
The validity of this suggestion can be illustrated, in regards to the incident when Conrad helped his friend Jackson to get away with having committed a traffic violation, “He (Conrad) had that judge all turned around inside his head, with the time of this and the time of that, and how this and that were impossible” (p. 43).
After having been exposed to Jackson’s story, Marie-Claire realized that, contrary to how Conrad wanted to be viewed by others, he was just as susceptible to corruption, like everyone else. Also, it also became rather clear to her that Conrad was more than capable of relying upon his knowledge of ‘right’ and ‘wrong,’ as the mean of manipulating with people – something that stood in the striking contradiction to his opinion of himself.
We can speculate that Marie-Claire’s realization, in this respect, caused her to begin doubting the integrity of Conrad’s posture, as a responsible man.
Consequently, this resulted in Marie-Claire beginning to suspect that Conrad’s strongly defined affiliation with the masculine virtues of rationalization and control was misleading.
We will write a custom Essay on Literature Studies: “Mellow Yellow” by Barry Callaghan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is exactly the reason why, instead of walking away, after having had the break-up with Marie-Claire, Conrad continued to wait around for her to come out of the house – hence, ridiculing himself even more and causing his ‘lady of the heart’ to begin thinking of him as a weakling. As Marie-Claire pointed out, “He’d (Conrad) be scared stiff if I ever took him off into the graveyard at night” (p. 47).
Thus, as it was implied earlier, for readers to be able to grasp the actual significance of the story Yellow Mellow, they must be capable of understanding the significance of the metaphor of traffic lights, contained in it. I hope that the provided line of argumentation, as to what this metaphor means, should come in particularly handy, in this respect.
Reference Callaghan, B. Mellow yellow.
Religious Studies: Samuel Time Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Abstract
Time of Samuel
Abstract Samuel lived in an era when the Israelites level of spirituality was declining. He was called by God at a young age to minister to the Israelites and reformed their evil ways. He served in various capacities such as being a judge. This paper gives a review of Samuel’s life by considering some of the happenings that occurred during his time.
Introduction The prophet Samuel was a loyal servant of God right from his birth. His amazing life started after birth by Hannah – a woman who had been infertile for many years. God answered Hannah’s prayers after praying for a long time. She named her son ‘Samuel’ to mean, “The Lord hears.”
God placed him tactically in Israel at a time when Israelites showed little reverence to Him. Samuel was called by God in the wee hours and chosen to go to serve as a prophet to the Israelites as recorded in 1 Samuel 3:10. He would later serve in various positions and anoint the first two Kings of Israel, viz. Saul and David, when the Israelites demanded an earthly King.
Time of Samuel Samuel performed his prophetic duties with a lot of wits and after Israel defeated the Philistines, he became a judge and visited many cities to resolve conflicts amongst the Israelites. Through the help of God, he subdued Philistines, and throughout his life, God never favored the Philistines as stated in 1Samuel 7: 13. When Samuel became old, his two sons – Joel and Abijah, replaced him. However, the two did not follow their father’s footsteps.
They were cruel and corrupt, and consequently, they received people became rebellious towards them and started demanding an earthly king (Hindson
History: American and Canadian Tribes Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Most of the things that have been taught in class recently involve traditional beliefs and practices of indigenous nations. These teachings have been exciting because they have included an in-depth analysis of origins and traditions. Moreover, unlike other history-based studies, these teachings also involve oral narrations from experts. Some of these narrations have been quite captivating because of the authenticity of their narrators.
For instance, some narrators offer very realistic accounts of indigenous traditions. Some of the subjects that were covered in these classes include creation, cultures, and indigenous beliefs. This paper is a personal reaction to the classes on indigenous history and theories of settlement.
One of the things that I found interesting in these classes was the differences between the beliefs of most indigenous American and Canadian tribes. Previously, it was easy to assume that most indigenous tribes had substantial ‘similarities.’ However, after these classes it is clear that most tribes, even the ones that are found in one locality, have very different beliefs.
It is a common misconception that the beliefs of one indigenous tribe, apply to all indigenous tribes. For instance, in most feature films, the use of feathered hats and face markings by indigenous tribes is overemphasized. Some of these misconceptions are easily reinforced because today, movies are the most influential tools for transmitting culture. According to these studies, even in a single tribe, there might be differences in beliefs.
Some of these differences might be because different tribal factions could be living in separate localities. For example, the Mohawk Tribe residing in Ojibwe performs the feather dance clockwise while the Mohawk Tribe residing in Albany dances anticlockwise. The respect between the different indigenous tribes makes these differences unnoticeable to the rest of the population.
Another thing I found striking in these classes is the emphasis on creation stories. In most cultures, creation theories are usually simple and non-elaborate. However, among most indigenous tribes creation stories are elaborate and descriptive. For example, some indigenous nations have creation stories that take place in stages and sequences. For example, the Mi’kmaq teachings on creation include seven levels of creation.
These levels give descriptive and analytical accounts of how the nations and clans came to existence. The Mohawk also has an elaborate creation story that is divided into different levels. In my view, the emphasis on creation accounts by indigenous nations signifies the importance of the nations’ origin. On the other hand, emphasis on origin makes preservation necessary. Preservation is an important aspect of life for most indigenous tribes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Because western education has infiltrated almost every aspect of life in America, it will be difficult for most indigenous nations to maintain their belief systems. Most indigenous tribes have customs that emphasize on the need to pay homage to spirits and perform crucial ceremonies. Western education is skeptical when it comes to beliefs in spirits and mythology.
Maintaining a belief system requires a perfect intergenerational passage of information. In the current world, it is hard to get young people to believe and pay homage to spirits as well as uphold ceremonies to please spirits and ancestors.
The commercial aspect of modern life also undermines the integrity of some of the beliefs and practices that were taught in this class. For instance, the Pikani Blackfoot teaches about ceremonies that go on for several days. The economic needs of modern life could make it hard for anyone to spare a few days without making any income.
History: the First Nations in Canada Essay college essay help near me
The class readings present some critical aspects of the First Nations in Canada. These are various aboriginal groups living in British Columbia and Ontario. In the book First Nations in the Twenty-First Century, the reader observes the continued developments and repercussions of cultural infiltration and colonialism in the country.
Throughout the period, the First Nations people encountered intergenerational trauma, thus affecting their abilities and developments. This outstanding fact helps the reader examine the nature of life and experience of the First Nations in Canada.
What comes out is that the people had a complex and unpredictable relationship with the other groups in the country, such as the Inuit (Frideres 37). However, such relationships and interactions have constantly evolved over the past century.
The other interesting fact about the First Nations is that they have a unique historical past. The people were reserved based on their cultural practices and ideas. As well, it is interesting to realize how the First Nations passed across their ideas and historical events through narrations and oral traditions (Frideres 59). Most of these oral traditions are important because they describe most of the significant events and happenings during the period.
The people also have a written history. This written history began in the last years of the 15th century after the arrival of the first Europeans. Such facts and developments are, therefore, necessary because they have made it easier for me to understand much about the historical past and experiences of the aboriginal peoples of Canada.
I have also learned much about people’s traditions. For example, the “Seven Sacred Directions” presents numerous aspects and ideas about the First Nations. For instance, the Medicine Wheel has four unique directions. Such directions present many things, such as the importance of balance in our universe and the reason we should understand ourselves much better.
Such teachings are necessary because they paint a true picture of the First Nations and their past. As well, the reader gets a lot of knowledge about people’s beliefs, traditional practices, and experiences from the 15th century. Such teachings made it easier for every person to respect life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People also interacted well with each other in society. From such readings, I have clearly understood how the First Nations managed to establish their traditions and practices despite the external influences from the other ethnic groups and colonialists (Frideres 103).
I find most of these teachings and information useful. As a student, I have learned much about the experiences of the First Nations peoples in the history of Canada. These individuals encountered various challenges on their reserves but still managed to retain their cultural ideas and traditions (Frideres 74). They even tried to establish their federal responsibilities to survive. They encountered various economic upheavals and bureaucracies in society.
Much recently, there have been various legislations and court decisions aimed at reshaping the relationship between the group and the rest of the citizens. These readings have presented numerous insights about the experiences of the aboriginals, especially after the first Europeans came into the country. That being the case, I would recommend these class materials because they offer useful facts and information about the interesting history of the First Nations.
Works Cited Frideres, James. First Nations in the Twenty-First Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Print.
Replacing Notebooks School by Notebook Laptop Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Comparison between School Notebook and Laptops Notebook
Introduction The education system has been dynamic ever since its inception in various countries across the world. The dynamism of the education system revolves around the curriculum, syllabus, and content; however, there is a new revolution of educational materials used by students.
In the contemporary world, the education system has turned digital through the introduction of e-learning over the Internet and softcopy reading materials, which demand the usage of computers in schools.
The system pioneered in the developed countries, but it is quickly getting into developing countries although the system has not replaced the old one entirely. School notebooks, which are now referred to as the old norm, have numerous benefits. Laptop notebooks have not yet been fully tested, as they are not fully adopted into the system yet. Therefore, notebook laptops should not replace school notebooks.
School Notebooks Notebooks have been in use ever since the invention of writing papers in the Middle Ages. They were the basic writing materials in the development of academic systems even before civilization. Notebooks demand from the students to be fully attentive in the classroom since they are supposed to write notes as lessons continue.
It is paramount for students to learn how to write notes for reading and reference purposes for such practices enhance their understanding capabilities and attentiveness in the classroom. Therefore, eliminating school notebooks from the academic systems will make students less attentive to class work, as they will not be fully engaged in writing.
Notebooks are very essential for the development of writing skills. Writing skills help students to communicate effectively through writing coupled with enhancing handwriting neatness. Education begins at the early childhood education level. The student is taught the basic skills, which include writing skills. However, writing skills develop gradually as a student progresses to advanced stages of education.
Therefore, eliminating school notebooks at early stages of education would deny students the opportunity to improve their handwriting in terms of neatness and speed, which are necessary elements in writing skills (Weaver
Education Issues: School Notebooks or Notebook Laptops Essay college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Notebook Laptops Efficiency in Note Taking
Positive Impact on Academic Outcomes
Notebook Laptops as a Source of Distraction
Introduction The computer, which is regarded as the most significant invention of the last century, has grown to become a central component in modern life. As the use of computing devices has become prevalent in most areas of human life, the education sector has also been infringed upon. To enable their citizens to benefit from computers, many nations have demonstrated an increased interest and investment in computer technology in the education sector.
Computer manufacturers have come up with products that are designed to fulfill the academic needs of the students. To ensure that students can use computers for their daily learning, programmers have made applications that enhance the learning activities of students in various subjects, including mathematics, science, and geography. In addition to this, there have been significant advances in computing technology and a marked drop in their prices.
Cost considerations, which have for many years been the major hindrance to the widespread adoption of notebook laptops by many schools, have become nonexistent as the unit price of notebook laptops has decreased significantly. Due to these events, more schools have embraced laptops as personal learning tools for their decades over the last decade. Education institutes, governments, and parents have made a significant investment in notebook laptops.
In the US, many States have adopted the one-to-one laptop program, which is meant to provide one laptop to each student in middle school and high school. This program has led to the proliferation of laptops in the school setting. Schools all over Canada have also adopted computer use, and the number of students using notebook laptops is on the rise.
As most schools adopt computer technology, more students are carrying notebook laptops instead of traditional paper notebooks. This has led to the question of whether notebook laptops should replace school notebooks as the primary tool for student use in the classroom.
This paper will argue that school notebooks should be completely replaced by notebook laptops since laptops can effectively fulfill the role of paper notebooks and confer additional advantages to the students.
Notebook Laptops Efficiency in Note Taking A major advantage offered by notebook laptops is that they improve the note taking the process of students. In all classroom environments, note taking is a critical activity that the students are required to engage in. Through taking notes, the students can record the information being provided by the teacher for future reference. The ability to take good notes and use them for revision purposes is directly related to the academic performance of the student.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Notebook laptops provide the student with the most effective way to not only take notes but also organize these notes in the most efficient manner. Technological advances have meant that students can use notebook laptops for basic activities such as note taking with little training. Unlike in the past, where notebook laptops were too complicated and unstable to be used by students, modern notebook laptops are highly portable and intuitive to use.
This has promoted the widespread adoption of laptops in schools. Students no longer have to carry the bulky paper notebooks to their various classes when they make use of laptops. Jing and Zhao (2008) state that by using application programs such as Microsoft Word and Notepad, students can take and also exploit the capabilities of these programs to organize and grammar check their work.
A study by Jing
Crisis Communication: Domino’s Pizza and Global Village Case Study best college essay help
Crisis Communication at Domino’s Pizza In April 2009, Michael Setzer and Kristy Hammonds posted a “viral” video on YouTube. “The video showed one of the employees putting cheese in his nose while preparing sandwiches for delivery” (Clifford, 2009). Within a few hours, more than one million viewers had already viewed the video on YouTube.
Although the employees revealed that they did not deliver the contaminated food to the customers, the company chose to fire them and opened felony charges against them (Clifford, 2009). It is agreeable that the incidence damaged the company’s reputation. After the executives at the organization learned about this damaging video, they decided to keep calm instead of acting immediately (Clifford, 2009).
Although the executives confirmed that they were doing everything possible to handle the situation, the outstanding fact was that they took more than 48 hours to respond. That being the case, it is agreeable that the organization’s reaction was quite slow and unacceptable. “The company chose to create a new Twitter account to address the customers’ comments” (Clifford, 2009).
This communication strategy was unnecessary because the company was facing a major threat from the consumers and its competitors. The executives at the organization realized that it was necessary for them to have done something more than just responding to the situation alone. That being the case, the organization should have responded immediately and aggressively instead of hoping that things would settle down after a short time.
By so doing, the company would have addressed the issue in a proper manner and inform the customers about the actions taken against the two culprits (York, 2009). Finally, the company should have apologized for the situation and promise its clients that it was dedicated to continually delivering the best food products in the future.
Crisis Communication at Global Village The second case explains how Global Village in Dubai failed to implement the best safety measures and precautions. On 24th of January 2013, an Emirati by the name Faleh Hasan Al Habsi died after a metal piece landed on him. Faleh was walking with his cousin at the time of the accident. “After the accident took place, the wheel continued to turn for almost half an hour” (Gokulan, 2013).
The victim was only 37 years old and a father of seven children. From the nature of this case, it would be agreeable that the organization did not embrace the best communication strategies to safeguard the lives of the people who visited the “village”. After the accident took place, the organization did not undertake any immediate measures to address the matter.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Afterward, the officials at the organization failed to comment on the matter for some time. However, the company stated that there were investigations to examine the nature of the accident. At the same time, the people and other humanitarian organizations called for safer measures to make the amusement park secure for all the visitors (Gokulan, 2013).
From this case, it is quite clear that the organization should have taken the best safety measures before the incident took place. As well, it would have been necessary to ensure every employee was concerned about the safety of every individual visiting the park. It was also necessary to ensure every wheel and the entire environment was safe for every person.
The organization should also have communicated to every individual about the accident and respond immediately after it had taken place. This would have made the place much secure and eventually increase the confidence of the visitors.
Reference List Clifford, S. (2009, April 16). Video Prank at Domino’s Taints Brand. The New York Times, p. B1. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/16/business/media/16dominos.html?_r=1
AgriStability in Canadian Small Businesses Report college essay help near me: college essay help near me
The aspect of confidence among Canadian small businesses in the agricultural sector is fundamental for the sustainability of the projects. The article, AgriStability or Aggravation, is relevant in identifying problems that exist within the agri-business affecting their stability, such as predictability, bureaucratic procedures in paper works, poor customer services, as well as timeliness issues.
In pinpointing these challenges, the three-leveled Canadian government, Federal, Provincial, and Territorial (FTP), has been able to devise new risk management opportunities and programs that have enhanced confidence among producers and stakeholders in this key sector. Also, putting in place risk management programs in the agribusiness make farmers immune to the global economic downturns that have been prevalent in the 21st century.
This is essential given that a previous survey by the Canadian Federation of Independent Businesses (CFIB) on the confidence level in the agricultural industry reported a low value of 54.9 compared to the national business confidence level of 67.3.
The analysis, therefore, made it necessary for the government to instill optimism among farmers by taking drastic steps to regulate the environment in which farmers operate, as well as improving the tax levies in the agribusiness sector.
With a high level of predictability and transparency in the agribusiness, assurance of optimism is indispensable. It is also prudent to control other factors that affect farmers in the agricultural industry, given that there are other global issues that require the approach of all world governments.
The approach by the Canadian government to increase optimism is a move that intends to increase profits for agribusiness members, as well as other key stakeholders in the market place.
Even though the government cannot mitigate global challenges, devising appropriate farm disaster protection techniques increase stability and optimism in this sector. Risk management programs that include coverage of the cost of production, whole farm income stabilization and disaster protection, as well as a reward for environmental stewardship are significant in enhancing stability, and thus the sustainability of the agribusiness in Canada.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since farmers sell their products not only in Canada but also across borders, the government approach on risk management programs has to address issues that touch on foreign governments, such as the closure of borders given that such moves directly hamper the productivity of the agribusiness.
In essence, the article expounds on the need for initiating risk management programs in the agribusiness sector. I agree with the piece of writing in outlining the market failures, diseases, natural disasters, and weather as some of the drastic risks that can affect the income of businesses.
Small businesses can also find it useful to determine the types of risks that they can address without the support of the government, as well as those that the government can offer assistance. The article addresses the stability concept in the agribusiness, which small business owners will find worth to read and apply in their businesses to increase productivity.
Although the article enumerates some of the aspects that require improvement in the AgriStability program, it fails to put customer service ratings among key aspects that need urgent improvement. In businesses, customer satisfaction has always been key in determining the success of any initiative. Therefore, stakeholders in the agribusiness have to inculcate feedbacks from customers when making decisions on how to enhance productivity.
On the other hand, it is illogical for producers to spend $1,984 to take part in the AgriStability program, and still record a high level of discontent among participants. In comparison, the 2005 CAIS program required producers to spend half the amount of money that they used in the AgriStability program. A vivid cost-benefit analysis reveals the need to cut on the cost of participating in the latter program to minimize the aggravation.
As it is, the AgriStability program takes a lot of money from producers but does not assist them in coming out of the ardent challenges. A program that requires more funding makes it difficult for small business owners to participate since they are not able to realize the benefits of the program in the end. As a result, such a program remains attractive to large businesses, as they enjoy economies of scale.
To minimize frustration and despair in agribusiness, ardent financial support has to be predictable. When many farmers and other key stakeholders comprehend the procedures that they follow in calculating their payments, predictability becomes easy. Through effective farm management techniques, farmers can easily guess the resulting payment, as well as the response of the entire program.
We will write a custom Report on AgriStability in Canadian Small Businesses specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More With the ability to predetermine the results of the programs, planning becomes easy in itself. The article has provided basic frameworks that the Federal, Provincial, and Territorial governments have to consider and implement to increase stability in the agribusiness industry to eliminate aggravation that has been common in the industry.
Small business owners have to comprehend in details the entire concept of the AgriStability program to apply the numerous risk mitigation techniques that can enhance overall productivity. In areas that require expertise, such as financial calculations, business owners can rely on outside professionals to ensure transparency and consistency in calculations.
Abraham Lincoln’s Public Appearance Essay online essay help
Introduction Abraham Lincoln was a lawyer by profession and among the great presidents in the history of the United States. Born in a poor family in 1849, he was self-educated and was openly opposed to the idea of racial discrimination and slavery.
This is one of the reasons why upon election as president in 1860, he had little or no support from most of the southern states because of his stand on the slavery issue. He, however, enjoyed massive support from the north and was elected president.
Upon the election of Abraham Lincoln as the president, several states in the south voiced the intent to break up from the American union. This was the genesis of the civil war.
The Gettysburg Address was delivered by Lincoln in 1863 at the end of the civil war on a battlefield where many Americans had lost their lives while struggling to guarantee the survival of the nation.
Lincoln was assassinated a few days after the commanding officer of the Confederates had surrendered.
Martin Luther King, Jr. is revered for embracing non-violent methods while struggling for African American civil rights. Born in Atlanta in 1929, King was a clergyman who shared Abraham Lincoln’s vision of a person free from slavery and oppression.
He began his activism at an early age and is best remembered for ‘I have a dream’ speech delivered during the 1963 Washington D.C. march. The march was a major turning point in the life of King. He established himself as a great orator and a radical attracting the attention of the FBI.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In 1964, he received a Nobel peace prize for his efforts in fighting racial discrimination through nonviolence means. Martin was assassinated in 1968, and it is rumored that authorities were involved in his death.
Discussion The Gettysburg Address is among the famous speeches in the history of the United States. The speech is a short one that barely lasted for a few minutes. Lincoln delivered the address in 1863 at a cemetery in Gettysburg.
The occasion was a dedication to the soldiers who had fought in the battle of Gettysburg, which had ended just four and a half months earlier. Abraham Lincoln’s speech retaliated human equality principles enshrined in the Declaration of Independence.
Abraham Starts his address by reaffirming this principle. He mentions that about seven years earlier their fathers had settled on the continent and created a new nation. This nation was conceived in liberty and was dedicated to the idea that all men were equal.
The address refers to the civil war as an effort to preserve the union. This struggle would foster freedom vital for true equality for every American.
King’s speech was delivered to hundred of thousands of supporters who attended the occasion at Lincoln’s memorial. The speech by King is viewed as the most vital in the realm of civil rights in America’s history. In his speech, King emphasizes the starting principles of the United States.
He also refers to the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 signed by Abraham Lincoln. Through the speech, King revealed that the aforementioned proclamation guaranteed basic rights to all men notwithstanding their race. These rights were liberty and life among other rights.
We will write a custom Essay on Abraham Lincoln’s Public Appearance specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The note that Martin Luther King Jr. talked about in his speech is the Declaration of Independence. In both speeches, we see that the speakers emphasize on the promises in the Declaration of Independence.
Both speeches are meant to inspire and give hope to the listeners that the worst is past and they should focus on the task ahead of building the nation to a level of prosperity where everyone enjoys equal rights. This is vivid in King’s speech when he talks about the dream he has for the nation.
He states that he has a dream that the obstacles faced by American society would be eradicated. This entrenched hope in the American people. Abraham Lincoln finishes his speech in a hopeful tone.
He asserts that the United States was a nation under God and freedoms would be enjoyed by every individual. Lincoln, in the second sentence of his speech, states that the country was engulfed in a brutal civil war that tested the endurance of the great nation through dedication.
Lincoln makes an argument in support of the civil war. He is for a united country and continues to stress that the country shall only survive at all times through the dedication of its citizens. He gives the example of the soldiers who had died in the battle of Gettysburg.
King in his speech speaks of the sacrifice and dedication that they must have to achieve what they desire. He stresses in his speech the nature in which they should conduct themselves while protesting.
As a nonviolent activist, King is in support of peaceful protest even in the face of police brutality. This is supported by his assertion that the American people must forever conduct their struggle with dignity and discipline.
He adds that the people must never allow their ingenious remonstrations to relapse into material violence. Through his statements, we see that King shares the vision Lincoln had 100 years before he gave his speech of a united country where everyone was free.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Abraham Lincoln’s Public Appearance by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the closing statement of Lincoln address, he mentions that the United States is a nation under God and therefore shall have a new birth of freedom. Moreover, the country was a government of the people, by the people and would not be destroyed.
He sets our eyes upon the future by making the day a new beginning for the benefit of the citizen who because of their past sacrifices, shall enjoy the freedoms they yearned for so long.
In the closing statement of the ‘, I have a dream’ speech King expresses hope by stating that the sacrifices made will pay and the future is very promising.
This view comes from his assertion that all the oppressed people would show togetherness while singing in unison the words of the Negro spiritual that thanked God for the attainment of freedom in American society.
In his speech, Lincoln identifies the dedication of the soldiers who died at Gettysburg as an exception. He highlights that the lesson from the dedication is what is expected from every individual in the country if democracy is to survive.
He continues to honor the dead soldiers who were so dedicated that they were willing to lay down their lives in their activities. Their dedication was a symbol of the ultimate devotion.
He speaks to the present and even future generations and stresses that dedication must be there for the citizens of the country to ensure that the country attains progress. This is revealed in the statement that there is a great task ahead of the Americans.
Through his speech, King speaks of continued dedication and an attitude of optimism as the march no freedom for the oppressed African Americans was almost over. He stresses the need for unity between the blacks and the whites realizing that everybody’s freedom is tied to one another.
This is evident when he says that the American people were to walk together by making the pledge of marching ahead and forgetting the past.
Conclusion Both Abraham Lincoln and Martin Luther King, Jr. were great statesmen. They held a great vision for the American people. In their effort to ensure that the country was living up to the promise of freedom and prosperity they encountered opposition from people who did not share their dream.
The result was that both of them were assassinated at the height of achievement in their careers. Abraham was assassinated a few days after defeating the Confederate resistance in which the general of the militia surrendered. On the other hand, King was assassinated in Memphis in 1968.
After the 1963 assassination of John F. Kennedy, King informed his wife that the same was going to happen to him. He put the blame on the sick American society they lived in. King was shot once and died on arrival at the hospital.
The two make good examples of leaders and are emulated by those aspiring to be leaders in America or any country in the world. The selfless leadership demonstrated by the two leaders living 100 years apart is exceptional and rare in the contemporary world.
Abortion Law Importance in Canada Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
In 1869, abortion in Canada was banned completely. However, illegal and unsafe abortions were carried out, and as a result, many women got injured, and some died. Sarah Lovell is a teenager who died in 1879 after performing an abortion. Another death victim of abortion was “Mrs. P.” as referred by Justice Estey which occurred in 1952 (Arthur 2).
These cases were considered illegal, and court cases were opened against the doctors who performed the abortions. Illegal abortions were characterized by poor safety. In 1967, Pierre Trudeau, Justice Minister introduced a bill called “Criminal Law Amendment Act, “1968-69 and an exception of performing abortion was stated in the bill (Arthur 2). The bill allowed abortion on medical cases only which were misinterpreted by doctors.
The bill was an amendment to section 251 of the Canadian Criminal Code (Arthur 2). The Supreme Court of Canada regarded the law to be unconstitutional in 1988. The purpose of this paper is to establish whether Canada needs a criminal abortion law or not. In my opinion, Canada should not have an abortion law. Laws governing abortion might have less impact on society; they are unable to stop or reduce abortion (Arthur 4).
According to a report released by the World Health Organization, abortion rates seem to be similar in many countries in spite of the illegality of abortion. However, legalizing abortion can be a better way of reducing its occurrences. Promoting the rights of women combined with sex education and easy accessibility to contraceptives can reduce the rates of unwanted pregnancies (Arthur 4).
As a result, illegal abortions can be reduced. Canada somehow has low rates of abortion compared to other countries. Moreover, since 1999 the abortion rates have decreased. A study conducted by Statistics Canada Report in 2005, showed that in every 1000 mature women 14 abort every year (Arthur 8). Despite the existence of the law, it seems the percentage of abortion is on a decreasing rate.
However, the laws might have played a great role in reducing incidences of abortion. Counseling women on other alternatives for dealing with unwanted pregnancies can change one’s decision (Arthur 8). Legalizing abortion accompanied with education on dangers and possible effects of abortion can impact the morals and attitudes of women.
Decision making remains a personal issue in Canada; hence it should not have an abortion law. In case a woman develops complications or does not want to keep the baby; she can choose to terminate the pregnancy regardless of the law present (Arthur 8). Moreover, women who believe life is sacred may choose to abort. Somehow they believe it is immoral to abort, but they do it due to prevailing circumstances.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the presence of law combined with effective counseling can change the attitude of women who wish to abort. Legalization act should include counseling for women to effect and sustain the morals of the community (Arthur 8). Abortion is a personal decision, so, women should be counseled on alternative methods of keeping the baby and avoid being forced by law.
The medical profession in Canada has policies, regulations and ethical codes which govern abortion; hence criminal law is not needed. Abortion in hospitals is regulated by abortion law formulated by the Canadian Medical Association (Arthur 9). However, criminal law is an essential aspect of the regulation of abortions that take place outside the hospitals.
Not every woman aborting will choose to go to the hospital. Criminal law can reduce the occurrence of unsafe methods of abortions although the percentage of unsafe abortions may be low. Considering the medical profession has a law governing abortion, it could be enough to ensure safe abortion for all. Formulating another law can lead to the overlapping of responsibilities (Arthur 9).
Canada should not have an abortion law because it once had it, but it was not effective. Women sought unsafe ways of abortion because they were afraid of the law. The results of these illegal abortions were death and injuries (Arthur 8). The laws brought about risks to the lives of many women. However, the law can be used to track unsafe abortions which are still practiced.
Women who can not afford money to go to the hospital, use unsafe homemade methods which are risky. The law has been used to convict these women. Legalizing abortion and making it affordable can reduce illegal and unsafe abortions (Arthur 8). Without law, women could not be afraid to abort. Also, doctors could get an opportunity to counsel women on the dangers of abortion.
As a result, one might change her decision if she is not medically compelled. Formulation and implementation of criminal law in Canada can violet women rights and restrict the choices women make. Moreover, the law can lead to poor quality of health care services provided to women. These laws may be having errors which make them unworkable (Arthur 4).
Illegalizing abortion would lead to illegal and unsafe methods of abortion because one may be afraid of being convicted. Also, illegalizing abortion would mean that women and doctors to bend the law to do an abortion (Arthur 4). However, legalizing abortion would promote women rights and ensure quality healthcare services. Mechanisms can be put in place to avoid misuse these provisions
We will write a custom Research Paper on Abortion Law Importance in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Canada should not have an abortion law because the debate is usually based on philosophical and religious ideologies. These ideas can restrict women rights because the fetus is considered to be a person or human being with legal rights (Arthur 6). The law, in this case, can be used to enforce the responsibilities of motherhood; God-given responsibilities.
These laws violate women rights (Arthur 6). However, legalizing would allow women to choose motherhood or not. Accessibility to contraceptives can reduce incidents of abortion. Legalizing abortion can assist women in bringing up children they want to without being forced by the law (Arthur 6). Instead of punishing women who abort, the law should ensure the right mechanisms are put in place to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Abortion is a medical procedure which can be incorporated in the reproductive health of women, and criminal law may not be applicable. It might not be accepted by society, but it increases the options of health care services a woman may need (Arthur 7). Illegalizing of abortion may mean, establishing fetal rights while compromising those of the mother.
However, legalizing would protect women and ensure they access legal and safe abortion. Somehow, legalizing abortion can compromise the rights of the fetus. Legalizing abortion would help doctors and women to act responsibly (Arthur 7). In conclusion, restrictive laws can not control abortion completely.
Canada has low rates of abortion, and at the same time, the majority of women support equality and rights of women (Arthur 8). Illegalizing abortion cannot be an effective way of dealing with illegal abortions. Providing contraceptives and ensuring they are easily accessible, can help in reducing unplanned pregnancies amongst teenagers and women.
As a result, the rate of abortions can be reduced greatly. Sex education can be an important tool for teenagers to address unwanted pregnancies. Legalizing abortion can be having more advantages than disadvantages (Arthur4).
Work Cited Arthur, Joyce. The Case for Repealing Anti-Abortion Laws. Ontario: Abortion Rights Coalition of Canada, 2010. Print.
Integrating Technology into Classroom Essay (Article) essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
Review of Literature
Design and Procedures
Data Analysis and Presentation
Conclusion and Implications
Abstract Integrating technology into the classroom has found a lot of interest in the last two decades. Hew and Brush (2007) direct their study in a developing direction; the incorporation of expertise into K-12 teaching and learning. While the article arouses some exciting questions, it has numerous institutional, methodological, and theoretical issues to be of immense value.
Research Problem Hew and Brush (2007) fail to state the aim of their research explicitly, thus limiting its importance in the study. The research hypothesis in this study is that most of the education writers do not explain what productive integration of technology is. The central objective of the research development paper was to assist K-12 school instructors in incorporating technology into their classrooms.
Review of Literature The analysis of literature in the article seems insufficient and requires adjustment since they present general information concerning the status of learners’ achievement and instructor’s professional advancement in the incorporation of technology into classrooms, technology as a technique to instructional improvement, and the professional demands that technology can fill.
The sources cited are pertinent and relevant to the study since they are rich in content and recent. A methodical examination of the literature in those domains gives more credibility to the results of the study and proves that there was no bias on how the assignment was performed.
Design and Procedures Hew and Brush (2007) applied the triangulation method to collect data from the tutor and student journals, education technology journals, field notes through discussions, classroom inspections, conferences, and focus group interviews (mentors and tutors), published and digital documents (Hew
Film Studies: “City of Life and Death” by Lu Chuan Essay essay help online free
Thesis Statement The film City of Life and Death is a Chinese movie based on a true story. Produced by the China Film Group and directed by Lu Chuan, the movie was produced in the year 2009. It managed to record good sales within the first two weeks of its release. The movie is based on the Sino-Japanese war between 1937-1941 when the Japanese Royal Forces fought to take over and colonize China as part of the strategic move to access China’s mineral resources.
The movie is specifically based on the events that happened during the capture of Nanjing city, which was by then China’s capital city. The events that happened then underscore the historical Nanjing massacre and the director of the film sought to play out the historical events of the war (He, 2007).
The film can be described as a piece of art meant to enhance nationalism in the Chinese people by showing them what their ancestors went through to keep China as an independent state. This paper examines the different elements that have been used in the movie and how such elements have contributed to the development of the movie.
Introduction The City of Life and Death is a story of events that happened when the city of Nanjing was captured by the Japanese forces. The movie tells a story of the massacre of both Chinese men and women with an estimated 300000 unarmed civilians being systematically killed by the Japanese occupation forces (Lu, 2009).
The plot of the film hinges on the City of Nanjing in the year 1937, and it starts with a Japanese attack that leads to a few Chinese soldiers deserting their positions. As Lu, one of the Chinese army leaders tries to get out stopping the deserters from taking off, the Japanese forces that have surrounded the city capture him. This event marks the capture and eventual takeover of a city that is previously under siege.
The Japanese army wipes out the small resistance from a band of Chinese fighters and firmly takes control of the city. The Japanese forces the roundup men believed to be former fighters before leading them out of the city for execution. The soldiers then assemble and place women under their watch to act as ‘comfort women.
’ The Japanese soldiers rape a majority of the captured women upon which most of them die due to the torture that they undergo in the process.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Themes Compassion
The Japanese army operates under a man called Kadokawa, who in spite of leading a ruthless and heartless army, is full of compassion. This aspect stands out when Kadokawa falls in love with a Japanese prostitute whom he buys gifts and promises to marry her (Lu, 2009). He does not do this for love, but rather out of pity for the woman due to what he thinks is an inhuman life that she is living.
On the other hand, Yuriko, the Japanese prostitute, finds a haven in the situation as it is a source of income for her, and thus she refuses his offer for freedom. Nevertheless, Kadokawa promises to marry her after the war, but he finds her dead when the war ends.
Compassion is evident again in Kodakawa when he develops an interest in a Chinese woman named Xiaojiang, who volunteers as one of the many comfort women as demanded by Colonel Ida of the Japanese army. When Kodakawa brings her rice, he finds another soldier raped her, and in the end, she dies among many other comfort women who had been taken in by the Japanese army.
War and Suffering
The movie brings out the theme of war and suffering by depicting the inhuman activities that happen during the war. The picture of women, children, old people, and the wounded comes out conspicuously when hordes of Chinese families are subjected to hunger and torture by the occupation army. The movie highlights the suffering that innocent people go through during a war.
In the movie, the only place that offers solace in the safety zone, which is run by a German called Rabe (Lu, 2009). The safety zone is the only place of hope for the Chinese, but it still comes under heavy attack from the Japanese who invade it frequently to look for former Chinese fighters who might have escaped to the facility.
During the war, Germany is the greatest ally of the Chinese resistance movement, and thus, it helps in training and equipping the Chinese resistance movement against the Japanese (He, 2007). In one scene, a Japanese soldier throws Tang’s daughter out of the window, but Tang is not in a position to save his daughter though he is in a privileged position working at the safety zone.
The theme of sexual violence comes out when the Japanese army demands the services of comfort women. The women are repeatedly raped, and some are shot dead as part of the violence. The men who would have been the women’s defenders are first taken out and executed, thus leaving the women on their own. When Jing rescues more than one Chinese man by playing tricks, a Japanese soldier points her out, thus leading to her arrest (He, 2007).
We will write a custom Essay on Film Studies: “City of Life and Death” by Lu Chuan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, knowing that she is going to be raped, she pleads with Kodakawa to shoot her instead. This aspect is one way for the woman to preserve her honor by dying rather than undergoing rape. The movie portrays sexual violence as a tool of war.
The movie is full of conflicting situations that tend to build tension in the audience. This scenario plays out as it is contrary to the audience’s expected flow of thought and mind. Conflict in a movie elicits suspense in the mind of a person watching the movie as it creates a situation that is deemed contrary to the norms. Usually, when, watching a movie, the storyline develops in the early stages of the movie, and this aspect creates an expected flow of play.
Therefore, when a conflicting situation occurs, it creates suspense that leads to curiosity from the viewer, thus attaching the viewer to the movie in a bid to find out what would happen next. Conflict comes out in this movie when against expectation, Kodakawa acts indifferently of his mandate.
He initially falls in love with a Chinese woman and tries to do her a favor (Lu, 2009). This occurrence is against expectation because, in essence, he is supposed to punish the woman. Conflict occurs again when he lets go, two Chinese men, that he is supposed to execute. The gist of the movie is oppression, but these acts are contrary to the expected outcome of the movie.
The movie is shot in an old town as a way of bringing out the true picture of the time when the war broke out. The city of Tianjin is full of old buildings that date back to over 200 years. This aspect gives a better picture of the 1930s and 1940s. The use of an old city connects the viewer with the time that the movie is portraying, which is complemented by the tools and costumes found in the movie. The uniforms used by the soldiers, the guns, the trucks, and the civilians’ dressing mode in the movie take the viewer back to the past. This connection is perfect as it makes the movie a success. It also paints the gloomy picture of war as destroyed buildings lurk in the background.
Conclusion The City of Life and Death is a historical film that creates a flashback of war situations before the Second World War. It paints the picture of how far China has come from the grips of an aggressive imperialist neighbor, Japan, to become one of the economic giants to reckon with in contemporary times. The production of the movie dwells on many themes that come out during war times and the turmoil that society undergoes when a war breaks out.
Historic movies like City of Life and Death are meant to enlighten the contemporary generations on the historical occurrences as a way of making people appreciate the freedoms that they enjoy during their time. In Chinese terms, such a movie could be described as nationalistic as it portrays the suffering that the people experienced in the quest for emancipation.
References He, Y. (2007). History, Chinese Nationalism and the Emerging Sino-Japanese Conflict. Journal of Contemporary China, 16(50), 1-24.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Film Studies: “City of Life and Death” by Lu Chuan by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Lu, C. (Executive Producer). (2009). City of Life and Death [Film]. Beijing, China: China Film Group.
Shakspeare Tragedies: Macbeth and King Lear Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
William Shakespeare is now regarded as one of the most celebrated playwrights in the history of world literature. Even during his lifetime, his dramatic works enjoyed enormous popularity among a great number of people. Nowadays, many of them form an important part of the literature curriculum in schools or colleges. Among his numerous plays, one can undoubtedly distinguish his tragedies such as Macbeth or King Lear.
Although these tragedies profoundly different in terms of plot or theme, they have a common element. In particular, they depict the life of characters, who can commit immoral or even atrocious acts, but still, deserve readers’ compassion or at least pity. This is the main thesis that should be elaborated in greater detail.
In his tragedy Macbeth, Shakespeare depicts the titular character, who starts as a fundamentally decent person; yet, he has a crucial moral flaw that eventually leads this person to his downfall. For instance, Macbeth is famous for his bravery and integrity. To some degree, he can be perceived as a role model by other people. However, at the same time, one should speak about his enormous will to power.
This is the main internal conflict attracts readers’ attention. His moral flaw is exploited by his ruthless and amoral wife, whose manipulations prompt Macbeth to murder the king and his best friend. Apart from that, one should not forget about innocent bystanders such as Macduff’s family.
Eventually, Lady Macbeth dies shortly after realizing the enormity of atrocities that she and her husband perpetrated. Similarly, Macbeth dies at the hands of Macduff, the same man whose family he murdered. Shakespeare makes this character pitiable, and this is one of the major goals that the author tried to achieve.
In turn, King Lear can be viewed as a sympathetic individual. However, he commits a significant error in his ethical evaluation of other people, especially his daughters. At the beginning of the play, he decides to abdicate his throne and divide his kingdom among his three daughters.
However, he makes them declare their love for him. His two daughters, Goneril and Regan, readily follow his wish, while his youngest and favorite daughter, Cordelia, refuses to make this superfluous promise. This behavior is misconstrued by her father as a sign of ingratitude or disloyalty.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, he disowns and disinherits her. The main issue is that unlike her sisters, Cordelia always remains dedicated to Lear. The main character eventually appreciates Cordelia’s love, but his understanding comes too late. More importantly, his mistake results in the death of many innocent people. These are the main reason why King Lear is such a tragic figure.
In both these tragedies, the titular characters are shown to have fatal flaws that bring them to ruin, even despite decent dispositions. For example, Macbeth is first introduced as a brave, upstanding man valued by King Duncan as one of his trusted generals. However, his encounter with the witches sets the fatal chain of events in motion. In particular, their prophecies about Macbeth’s future glory tempt him and awaken his will to power (Frye 249).
In her turn, Lady Macbeth also prompts her husband to fulfill his ambition. She urges him to take the crucial step of murdering Duncan and usurping the throne. This choice eventually undermines the ethical integrity of this character, and he murders murder to secure his power.
Eventually, Macbeth realizes that he has turned into a monster; he understands that his actions are beyond redemption. To a great extent, the death at the hands of Macduff comes as a relief to him (Bevington 20). This is why readers cannot reject Macbeth as a completely contemptible figure.
In contrast, King Lear is far less villainous than Macbeth, and one can say that this character is much more pitiable than Macbeth. To a certain degree, his behavior can be explained by his search for a motherly figure (Kahn 33). He does not understand that his daughters cannot play this role. Much attention should be paid to his petty urge for validation and acceptance because this urge results in his highly questionable judgments of character.
Moreover, one should speak about the banishment of his genuinely loving daughter Cordelia. Apart from that, he is unable to understand that superficial promises should not be taken for granted. This is why he almost unthinkingly rewards Goneril and Regan for their alleged devotion to him.
However, the suffering that he undergoes redeems this character (Reibetanz 10). Moreover, he eventually becomes aware of his mistakes. This is one of the details that should be considered.
We will write a custom Essay on Shakspeare Tragedies: Macbeth and King Lear specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In Macbeth and King Lear, Shakespeare does not shy away from describing people who can commit immoral actions. However, at the same time, his works emphasize the idea that these characters are driven by complex motives.
Their immoral actions cannot be explained only by malevolence and villainy. Macbeth and King Lear can take morally reprehensible actions, but the audience can sympathize with them. This is one of the qualities that distinguish Shakespeare among many other authors.
Works Cited Bevington, David. Four Tragedies. New York, Bantam,1988. Print.
Frye, Roland M. “Launching the Tragedy of Macbeth: Temptation, Deliberation, and Consent in Act I”. The Huntington Library Quarterly 50.3 (1987): 249–261. Print.
Kahn, Coppèlia. “The Absent Mother in King Lear”. Rewriting the Renaissance: The Discourses of Sexual Difference in Early Modern Europe. Ed. Margaret Ferguson, Maureen Quilligan, and Nancy Vickers. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1986. 33-36 Print.
Reibetanz, John. The Lear world : a study of King Lear in its dramatic context. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1977. Print.
Geographic Studies: the Suez Canal Relevance Essay essay help free
Introduction In an article titled Why Suez Still Matters, Cook (2013) regards the Suez Canal as a feature with significant historical importance. To this end, Cook cites the canal’s existence over the last 150 years. In the current paper, the author analyses Cook’s sentiments by examining the canal with regards to its history and influence in the region and the world as a whole.
Also, the author of this paper discusses the social, geographical, and cultural implications of the Suez Canal. At the end of this essay, the author highlights the benefits of the Suez Canal. The current paper is structured around one major hypothesis. To this end, the author of this paper believes that the Suez Canal is still relevant to Egypt and the rest of the world.
A Summary of Cook’s Sentiments in the Article Why Suez Still Matters The increase in maritime transport in the 1800s necessitated the construction of the Suez Canal. The passage was constructed between 1859 and 1869 (Shakur, Mehanna
Psychology Issues: Group Survival in Extreme Situations Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Survival in extreme situations is very much dependant on the preparation for the situation and the type of equipment one has. In case there are several people, teamwork would be key in increasing the chances of survival. There are both moral and physical strengths that will play a significant role in how well and how safely the person feels.
Thesis The mutual interdependence of people is much needed for the team to stay effective and productive in an extreme situation.
As there was no chance to select our group, and we were simply presented with individuals, it is important to look at the personal attributes, and what each member can bring into the team. One of the most critical criteria is that a person has to be a “team player,” having the ability to work well with others in a collective. Another quality to look for is the responsibility in the task and overall attitude towards a matter.
There has to be a person’s direct involvement and interest, so that the necessary skills are contributed to the common goal, especially in a situation that needs extreme vigilance and contribution to every task, such as survival in extreme conditions. A very crucial step in the selection of a member is paying special attention to personal suitability for a particular job.
The characteristics and skills of a person will define their output of work and structure of the work organization. This would allow distributing roles and making sure that each is in their place. A valuable personality trait is honesty because, in a situation where extreme conditions are present, the truth is needed to determine the present level of well being of the group and future actions.
A person working with other people must be trustworthy, as there is a dependency between individuals. Each relies on the other to do their job, taking part in the plan. All members of the team share a responsibility to do their part and thus add to the whole. If only one of the participants does not complete their duty, the unit suffers and negates the work done by the others.
As the teamwork requires all sorts of cooperation, a person must be approachable and understanding. There is always a constant relay of information and duties that make up the team, so an easy going and friendly environment makes the team stronger in its attainment of goals, greatly increasing productivity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In our team of several members, each will have their unique personality, affecting the level of contribution to the common task. One of the group members must be a team leader. This person takes their role very seriously and feels responsible for the organization and distribution of duties. In a hierarchy of needs, this individual can be considered responsible, meaningful, and orderly.
As they are willing to do any job and administer as much effort as needed, they are considered a leader and a strong link in the chain. This member has self-respect, as well as respect for others, which is a sign of tact and ethics. These are all qualities that are of higher moral development in the pyramid, defining the mental philosophy and psychology of the more advanced functioning.
The group was put in a simulated situation were surviving in the desert depends on other people. Surviving in the Sonoran Desert required specific prioritizing skills. The careful usage of the equipment must be made functional and resourceful. Selecting the most needed objects would ensure the survival of each but more importantly, of the group as a whole. The primary objective of survival in the desert is to focus on “basic needs.”
These are considered food, shelter, and protection from the danger in the environment. There might be potentially harmful animals and plants in the surrounding habitat, so it is important to know the area.
As the book was provided on which animals are edible, this task would be somewhat easier, but problematic at the same time. When people are in an unfamiliar situation, they cannot determine which plants are poisonous or not. The most effective safety plan must also be developed about the danger of animals or extreme weather conditions.
Personal scores were better than the group score, that was 60, which, according to the experts, is not high enough. This required working together as a group and drawing a decision based upon a consensus that is best for everyone’s lives. According to the Tuckman’s Group Development Stages, we started off brainstorming but could not complete the process (Engleberg
Human Resource Management: Recruitment Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Selection outcomes
Employment decision-making questions
Selecting best-qualified applicants
Employment selection decision-making approaches
Selection outcomes There are two negative selection outcomes (false positive and false negative errors). A false positive error refers to an incorrect acceptance of a job applicant for employment, basing on predictive success. It is unsuccessful in the selection of results (Gatewood, Feild
Social Issues: Police Protection of the Ku Klux Klan Essay best college essay help
The situation when the police protected the Ku Klux Klan while gassing and arresting the demonstrators can seem to be unexpected and controversial because people are often inclined to associate the Ku Klux Klan with the ideas of the white nationalism and issues of racial prejudice and discrimination, with the Ku Klux Klan’s violent slogans, and with a lot of the Klan’s terrorist methods to influence the community.
From this point, the police acted irrelevantly while protecting the Ku Klux Klan instead of protecting the public. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that such considerations can also be discussed as based on prejudice and biased in their nature because those people who are inclined to discuss the problem from this point reveal their prejudiced and discriminatory attitudes.
Thus, such considerations are associated with the ideas of the stereotypical visions, prejudice, and discrimination because the public is oriented to evaluating people because of their visions and ideas.
In this case, it is necessary to distinguish between the Ku Klux Klan’s character as an organization and between the nature of the actions performed by the Ku Klux Klan’s members and demonstrators with references to the concrete situation. The members of the Ku Klux Klan have the right to follow definite ideas and principles and meet to discuss them until their actions or meetings can cause violence or be associated with the terrorist acts.
It is a controversial idea, but the fact of forbidding the ideas promoted by the Ku Klux Klan’s members can be discussed as a kind of discrimination in some concrete situations.
From this perspective, the actions of the Ku Klux Klan’s members presented in the video cannot be discussed as violent in relation to the public or as violating the social norms. On the contrary, the demonstrators’ actions and behaviors cannot be discussed as peaceful because they gathered to oppose the Ku Klux Klan’s march and meeting.
In this situation, the police protected the Ku Klux Klan because it was necessary to cope with the demonstrators’ violent and discriminatory actions. However, the appropriateness of the police’s activities can also be discussed from the point of the extent to which the violence against the public was demonstrated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More That is why, it is possible to determine some relevant reasons to explain the police’s actions which can be discussed as provocative for many people who do not agree with the ideas promoted by the Ku Klux Klan.
In spite of the fact that the Ku Klux Klan is the organization which can be discussed as socially dangerous because of the supported ideas of white nationalism and racial prejudice and discrimination, the police’s actions are rational from the point of preserving the social peace and promoting the principles of the social ethics.
The police protected the Ku Klux Klan’s members because the demonstrators were not peaceful in relation to their intentions; there was the threat to the public peace; and the demonstrators’ actions can be discussed as discriminatory and based on the stereotypes and biases.
The demonstrators were rather aggressive in their intentions to labeling the Ku Klux Klan’s members in spite of the fact that the Ku Klux Klan’s meeting was not threatening to the community.
Social Film: What About Gender is Most Interesting to Sociologists? Essay essay help: essay help
According to the film What about gender is most interesting to sociologists, the issue of gender is depicted to constitute a dominant status which has made it an aspect of great interest to many (Sociologythroughdocumentaryfilm.pbworks.com., 2012). Apart from other traits exhibited by an individual, one’s gender dominates other considerations.
By the end of the day, one is tagged to be either male or female. The video has portrayed how gender is depicted in workplaces (Sociologythroughdocumentaryfilm.pbworks.com., 2012). For instance, in a hospital, one sees a woman psychiatrist, a female teacher in a school or a male police officer in the police force.
With this type of language, people tend to form assumptions and stereotypes about the quality of services offered depending on the gender of an individual (Sociologythroughdocumentaryfilm.pbworks.com., 2012). For instance, over a long period, midwifery has been known to be women dominated career. Recent studies show that even men are venturing into the midwifery career and they are doing it better than women.
Generally, gender identity has a reflective impact on how one is handled at home, at the workplace, in the society and the world at large. According to sociologists, gender is culturally defined. This is the reason each ethnic group has a unique culture. For instance, the division of labor in society is based on gender.
Over a long time, women’s roles in society in most parts of the world have been known to be domestic, like raising children, cooking, and laundering, among others. Men’s roles have been to go out looking for daily bread like working in offices.
Today, this culture is taking a different direction because women are working in offices just like men. Gender issues are taught to one during the socialization period. As one grows, he or she grows with gender attributes; hence, gender is not biologically based as some people argue out.
Reference Sociologythroughdocumentaryfilm.pbworks.com. (2012). What about gender is most interesting to sociologists? Retrieved from http://sociologythroughdocumentaryfilm.pbworks.com/w/page/17194965/FrontPage
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Medical Issues: Mental Illness Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Mental illness refers to a medical condition that negatively affects individual’s thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to the others as well as his/her daily activities (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2013).
The various types of mental illnesses include depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety and borderline personality disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2013). This research analyzes the experience and influence of mental illness diagnosis on a patient. (Caplan
Police Work in Community Essay college admissions essay help
Every community in the world has its unique makeup and environment. An article titled “Neighborhood Organizations and Resident Assistance to Police” talks about the ways local communities can participate in high goals and prosperous future within policing.
People’s traditions and beliefs center on bettering the lives of the local residences, as well as their own. It is clear that social health can be on the rise and expected to grow further in cooperation with aw authorities.
There are several factors that relate to the status of policing and its effectiveness. This is a clear indication that people pay great attention to health issues and are focused on bettering the health of the community. The police have taken extra care and effort to increase the vigilance and the enforcement of laws.
As mentioned above, safety in the community is very important for people. Another benefit to the community is the publication of articles such as this, as people become aware of the help and safety that the policy provides. I agree with the article because the community is inseparable from police work. People’s willingness to cooperate shows that the public is determined to keep order focused on helping and supporting each other.
The article also mentions several patterns that the police effectively. Community programs and people’s cooperation is a fact, and it is greatly needed by those who enforce the law. As police officers are the most direct and hands on the force that deals with the public, they are the ones who are being heavily educated on the issue.
It is clear that training must be vigorous. I think that the police must be the most responsible because of the power they have supersedes all. The article fails to mention the specifics of police work, and the significance of obedience of the police officers (Hawdon
Sociology: “Knowing And Being Known by Animals” by John Grim Essay online essay help: online essay help
Grim begins by discussing the mutuality of knowing between humans and animals. It does not matter that animals can be directly perceived. The ability to be known and also interact with animals began during the era of hunting and gathering. This is why Grim is suggesting that restorative ecology can indeed replace some of the animal species that have been eradicated by mankind. There has been an exchange of knowledge between animals and humans.
The above is an effective and transformational mode of knowing. The author uses various examples in the article. For instance, the winter dance that is very common among the Salish natives as well as the Mask festival famous among the Dogons who live in the lower regions of the Sahara desert in Africa.
The author is specifically interested in exploring the type of relationship that exists between animals and people, even as they perform their indigenous rituals.
The author notes that a close and cordial relationship existed between animals and the early man. Some of the approaches that enhanced the intimacy between man and animals included reflections on cosmology, perceptions of ecology, and perspectives on personhood.
The modern world is extremely using animals in a dictatorial manner. This was not the case some centuries ago. For example, man has converted the intimate friendship into using animals as pets, for scientific research, entertainment as well as food. This is one of the preoccupations of the author. The author is also preoccupied with the fact that several animal species are becoming extinct from the planet.
As much as we rely on animals for vital uses, they should never be converted to utilitarian objects that can be put into use at any given time. The author presupposes that there are quite several methodological approaches that can be employed to minimize the challenge of animal subjectivity.
Another presupposition demonstrated by the author is that subsistence practices that are embedded among the indigenous populations are usually the key determinants that shape the relationship between human beings and animals. Moreover, the ritual performances that are celebrated by the native groups, as well as the mythical narratives, largely contribute towards the nature of the man-animal relationship that exists in those civilizations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author presupposes that the local environment usually interacts with the cultural practices and that none of the two entities can be separated from the other.
This assertion creates an impression that animal presence usually alerts the human bodies to begin exploiting the same intimacy that has existed for several centuries. Also, ecological perception is connected to concepts of personhood that also validates cultural concepts. The latter is often manifested in mythic narratives, rituals, and social practices.
Moreover, the author presupposes that the relationship that exists between man and animals in this current age is largely meant to harm one entity while benefitting the other. In other words, human beings are keen on gaining a lot from animals at the expense of the latter.
The author relates human response to the presence of animals as a cosmic power. Social cohesion and self-knowledge are among the two major benefits of having a full understanding of animals and also being fully understood by the same animals.
Indigenous viewpoints regarding animals eventually surface after the author concludes his ideologies regarding the relationship between animals and mankind. Reflections on cosmology, perceptions of ecology, and concepts of personhood are indeed instrumental in the discussion offered by the author throughout the piece of literature. For instance, personhood concepts and epistemologies of relatedness have a very close relationship.
As much as it may be part and parcel of the presupposition of the author, the greater understanding that animals possess is a clear example on how the relationship between the two entities has continually worsened with time. That notwithstanding, the immediate environment has been linked to the nature of the destruction that takes place in the animal kingdom.
The author is obsessed by the fact that spiritual maturity can only be attained by communities and individuals in the presence of a civilized environment. It appears that the anthropo-cosmic rituals are indeed healthy in environments that have been ruined by poor cultural activities.
We will write a custom Essay on Sociology: “Knowing And Being Known by Animals” by John Grim specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is similar to the presupposition that ecological restoration can be undertaken to bring back animal life. The reality is that sustainable bioregions are required in this current age if the glory that ever existed between man and animals can be put back in place.
On a final note, Grim is worried that the inability to restore lost sustainable fields may eventually ruin the planet completely because in the absence of animals, the ‘indigenous knowing’ will be fragmented to the extent that mankind and especially the emerging new generations will not be in a position to share the intimate world with animals as it used to be before man broke the vow to safeguard the friendship.
Consequently, we will not be known animals, and neither shall we able to know animals.
Political Issues: National Interest in America Essay essay help
The idea of states pursuing national interest can be the source of many problems. In America, this idea is the subject of debate by various groups and organizations.
Currently, there are several scholarly materials that theorize the concept of national interest. Most of the theories that are forwarded on the subject of national interest tend to have similarities. The paper summarizes the subject of national interest, its theories, and the schools of thought behind this subject.
Realists agree that it is impossible to separate self-interest issues from national interest issues. According to realists, people always act by their interests and their levels of power. Realism argues that there is no difference between the interests of the individuals and those of states because states are made up of individuals.
This means that when politicians are pursuing the national interest, they will tend to ignore all ideological and theoretical interests of other countries. Realists point to the problem of individuals who are charged with the responsibility of pursuing national interest. These individuals can, at times, mistake their biased opinions with the reality of national interest.
An example of this conflict is the Vietnam War, where a policy maker’s interest was mistaken for the national interest. Realists also find the idea of applying moral principals when pursuing national interest unfeasible. According to realists, applying public emotions in matters of national interest is likely to be the source of problems.
The leading realist scholars are Hans Morgenthau and George Kennan. Morgenthau’s school of thought argues that it is possible to predict the behavior of nations in their pursuit of national interest. On the other hand, Kennan’s school of thought argues that a legal and moral approach when pursuing national interest is unyielding. However, the two scholars agree on the fundamental principles of realism.
The idealist school of thought presents ideas that oppose those of realists. Idealists dispute most of the assumptions that are made by realists concerning human nature.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, idealists argue that human beings are fundamentally good and that it is possible to apply morality issues when pursuing national interest. Another fundamental principle of idealism is that it is possible to achieve international peace. Also, matters of national interest should be fused with ethics and democracy, according to idealists.
Idealists oppose the concept that global politics are dominated by anarchy. Idealists are of the view that it is possible to achieve peaceful co-existence among states.
Also, the ethical and emotional needs of the public should be considered as part of national interest issues. The principles of idealists are used by special interest groups all over the world. Groups that aim to promote peace, fight for human rights, eliminate hunger, and harmonize trade tend to favor idealists.
Neoconservatives are the third school of thought that aims at defining the best way of handling national interest. Neoconservatives are a blend of both idealist and realist schools of thought. The distinctive feature of neoconservatives is that they are against reliance on international organizations. Neoconservatives’ policies are aimed at fostering democracy but only within the boundaries of a particular state.
Some of the leading neoconservative scholars include Robert Kagan and William Kristol. For instance, Kagan is of the view that the country’s moral purposes are in harmony with its national interests. These ideas were bought into by President George W. Bush. Kagan’s main argument is that states should lead the way in formulating a ‘model world.’
The neoconservative’s ideology is often criticized because of its ‘unrealistic nature.’ Neoconservatives seek to lead the world and at the same time, adhere to the idealist principles. This means that sometimes the national interest would be ignored with the assumption that the arising problems would be fixed later. In overall, the neoconservative school of thought attracts the most criticism out of the three leading schools of thought, including idealism and realism.
One of the principles that are perpetuated by the three schools of thought is that national interest mostly applies to military power and economic security. A nation’s interest in its military and economical wellbeing is likely to put it in conflict with other states and organizations. Moreover, national interest is likely to be shaped by a state’s economic and military interests.
We will write a custom Essay on Political Issues: National Interest in America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is argued that America’s national interest is a product of several historical events that affected the country’s military and economical interests. This argument disputes the totality of ‘national’ interest. Another argument is that national interest is just a product of politics. Therefore, the national interest is likely to change as the political environments change.
The ‘unnational’ nature of the national interest is also disputed using the argument that the economic needs of the country are the ones that shape national interest. The media, politicians, and scholars argue that the national interest is unchanging.
This argument is wanting because throughout history, several economic and military developments have contributed to major changes in the national interest. It is concluded that national interest is a concept that has two faces. One of these faces is the one that is theorized, and the other one is the one that is seen through government actions.
Customary Practices Concept in Religious Issues Essay essay help free
Introduction The concept of customary practices has been around since the first attempts at creating not even a religion, but mere superstitions were undertaken. People need routine actions so that they could enjoy some form of certainty since the repetitiveness of group actions performed regularly allows for feeling safe.
However, the effects of such habitual actions in which the entire group is involved in the need for artistic outlets for creativity is quite questionable.
Despite the idea that is partaking in a group customary practice kills, the need for artistic expressivity exists, the actual introduction of group sense into the process of a habitual action, as well as the fact that these customary practices presuppose taking a journey to an individual spiritual revelation under the guidance of the group, clearly proves these practices being a source for creativity.
Traditions And Customs As The Outlets For Creativity: Significance And Value Defining the value of traditions and customs in the society where religious issues have mostly been tossed aside, one will have to admit that, for the most part, customary actions are not supposed to lead to creative outcomes – they should inspire one for creativity and for the search of one’s self, as the example of the Hajj rite does. Instead of merely signifying a traditional coming-of-age event, it does set one onto a journey for very spiritual discovery.
Hajj is not about celebration of reaching a particular age, which is by no means the merit of the person in question; quite on the contrary, it is about proving to the community in general and one’s self in particular that one deserves being granted the duties and responsibilities that people reaching the given stage do.
What It All Boils Down To Group Sense Of Cohesion As An Integral Part Of Customary Practices Therefore, the question is whether the group sense of cohesion, which people claim to experience when they engage in customary practices associated with a particular religion are irreplaceable, or for that matter, whether the given sense of cohesion can be induced by any other activity. To answer this question, it is necessary to take a closer look at the nature of the given feeling.
Cohesion, or the feeling of belonging to a particular society as a group of people, is traditionally experienced once the given group of people is engaged in a certain activity, where every single member has his/her particular role. Hence, in a broader meaning of the word, the given activity can take practically any form and happen within any environment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The given observation, however, begs the question whether rites of passage, as well as other customs that supposedly bring the members of a particular society together or signify a change in one’s social status have anything to do with creativity. Getting down to the basics of what creativity is, one must admit that, for the most part, a creative process is meant for a single artist, not for an entire team.
Customs and rites, on the other hand, involve the participation of every single member. Consequently, it would be quite a stretch to claim that the group sense of cohesion, which comes as a result of customary practices and rites, seems to have little to do with the actual artistic expressivity and can hardly be defined as an outlet for creativity.
Taking an active part in customs and rites may even kill an individual’s desire to visualize his ideas through various art media, seeing how in various rituals, the role of an individual is in many ways predetermined by the goals of the ritual in question.
Nonetheless, some rituals and customs to serve as an artistic and expressive outlet for one’s creativity in that they provide one with guidance regarding one’s search for one’s self. For instance, in the Hajj ritual, the process of Pilgrimage to Mecca does not lead to any particular result; instead, it helps one find one’s place in the realm of the present-day world and the context of the Muslim society.
The given ritual is rather a tool than a “thing in itself,” since it provides the means to reach spiritual evolution, yet presupposes that the path to this evolution, as well as the process of revelation, is going to be unique for every person that decides to take it.
Thus, it would be wrong to assume that customs and customary practices block an individual’s way to creativity and self-expression because of the group sense that these practices have. While one might argue that, when guided by a group of people instead of choosing one’s way, a person is deprived of the right to make his/her own artistic decisions.
That being said, getting to the bottom of it, one must admit that the introduction of the group sense into the process of the creative search for one’s own identity needs group support and encouragement from the authoritative people from the given group.
We will write a custom Essay on Customary Practices Concept in Religious Issues specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion: Learning The True Meaning Of Traditions And Customs Judging by the definition of cohesion as an aftereffect of partaking in a certain customary action, at present, it is practically impossible to come up with the means to trigger the same emotion in the members of a certain society without resorting to introducing some sort of religious elements into the customary practices.
Regardless of the target of the given practices, though, they are aimed at helping their participants to define their place within the context of not only the society in question but also the world in a broader sense, i.e., the social, economical, political and cultural space.
While the introduction of the group sense may somewhat hinder the process of individual reconsideration of the world and the process of shaping an individual vision of the universe, group sense still presupposes some form of guidance, which a young and inexperienced mind needs once starting on a journey to a personal revelation.
Therefore, it can be concluded that, once the role of the group sense is not overly emphasized, and the participants of the rite under discussion have as much voice in defining their journey as the rest of the group members, customary practices can possibly lead to the discovery of very important facts about one’s personality, as well as guide one onto a very fascinating journey and, therefore, help one defines one’s place in the world.
An integral part of people’s development, customary practices bear too much significance to be considered irrelevant even in the environment where the power of religion has been reduced nearly to zero.
Philosophy Issues: Universalism versus Cultural Relativism Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Universalism The term “universalism” is a concept used to denote various doctrines and ideas that consider all human beings in their origin and formation.
That being the case, universalism would refer to various concepts such as theology, philosophy, and religion. It is a state whereby something is “universal” in nature.
This is the case because such concepts tend to have “universal applicability.”
In its wider sense, universalism supports the idea that “religion is a critical quality of human beings.” This makes it an important universal value.
From the above definitions and considerations, it becomes evident that universalism refers to “concepts or things that are universal.”
Since universalism is the state of being naturally acceptable and universal, it plays a significant role in the formation of different theological doctrines and concepts.
For instance, Christians have developed the concept of “universal reconciliation” whereby all human souls will eventually be saved or reconciled to be part of their creator (or God).
This explains why a new form of universalism known as “Unitarianism” assumes that “religion and theology form an important human aspect or quality.” As a result, the concept integrates all global religions.
The concept goes further to embrace the idea of “universal reconciliation” between people and their God.
It is agreeable that “universalism” is a critical idea or concept that has played a major role in the establishment of modern religions such as Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam, among others.
The other important tenet of universalism is that human beings believe in a specific “truth” that is universally acceptable.
This is acceptable because such kind of “truth” sweeps across religious, historical, ethnic, global, or cultural boundaries.
Cultural Relativism The question of “culture” has remained a significant issue in many societies today.
Cultural relativism is a unique principle that seeks to explain the nature of our conceptions, views, and ideas.
From a cultural perspective, the concept explains that all cultures are equal. This means that there is no superior society or cultural group than the other.
Supporters or proponents of cultural relativism have gone further to argue that all ethical, political, religious, cultural, and societal beliefs are always significant to a person’s culture.
Ethical issues and ideas will always be guided by “social aspects or constructs” of a given society.
It is because of such ideas that cultural relativism is widely acknowledged in our modern societies. As a result, anthropologists use the concept widely across the world.
Cultural relativists and proponents argue strongly that all societies and cultures are superior, based on their values and beliefs.
What many people fail to understand, according to cultural relativists, is that the differences between cultural groups are not signs of superiority or inferiority.
The concept of “cultural relativism” goes further to explain that “the truth” is never objective.
This explains that a person will be either wrong or right, depending on his/her opinion. As well, the society will also play a significant role in determining what ought to be right or wrong.
That being the case, “cultural relativism” is a concept that sees everything to be right or wrong depending on the idea of “cultural expression.”
Cultural relativism is, therefore, necessary because it supports the welfare and position of different cultures in society.
Arizona State University Sustainability Efforts Essay best essay help
Table of Contents Economic
The purpose of this essay is to evaluate Arizona State University (ASU) sustainability efforts by focusing on economic, environmental, social, and educational contexts. However, measuring sustainability is a complex process among many organizations (Lozano, 963). The author proposes that the focus should be on economic, environmental, social, and educational contexts.
ASU remains a regional model for sustainability activities and practices. As a result, the institution has made major contributions in many areas. It emphasizes reduction of consumption, enhancing efficiency, and reevaluating products and actions. ASU instills sustainability efforts in the entire university through its business practices and policies. The institution appreciates efforts of all its partners in sustainability practices.
Generally, it has focused on areas of energy, water, transportation, food services, carbon neutrality, buildings and grounds, waste and recycling, and purchasing.
These practices and activities fall within the four critical areas that ASU has identified. These include “climate neutrality, zero waste, active engagement, and principled practice” (ASU Annual Review 2012 2). Economic, social, environmental, and educational aspects of sustainability efforts reflect a complete evaluation tool for universities.
Economic Some of ASU’s sustainability efforts focus on direct economic impacts on students, public, staff, providers of capital, and other external stakeholders.
For instance, Energize Phoenix is a sustainability effort that has received “$25 million funding from the US Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” (ASU Driving Economic Development 5). The project would save energy, create jobs, and improve many neighborhoods along the Metro light rail.
ASU has also joined forces with other industries to develop the economy by creating jobs, new technologies, and highly educated employees. This is a way of improving the quality of life of the public, communities, and business.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some sustainability ideas in sustainable high-energy and low-cost initiatives have resulted in the creation of spin-out companies, which have reduced power outages and dependency of the US on foreign oils.
ASU has developed one of the largest solar systems in Arizona. This is a sustainability effort that uses natural resources and teaches students about sustainability. The institution has changed some of its campuses into a solar laboratory for generating electricity.
Social ASU creates knowledge through research for sustainability, which is critical for making informed decisions for positive impacts on society and advancing living social and economic status of the public.
ASU has focused on user-inspired studies to address societal and global challenges. This is evident in the institution’s effort to reduce waste and conserve energy and environments.
Further, the university engages in transdisciplinary research, which focuses on communities beyond its staff and students to include the diverse aspects of society.
Environmental ASU has decided to reduce waste by diversion and aversion (ASU Sustainability 1). For instance, ASU has reduced wastage of water by utilizing “efficient fixtures, improved water management, and wastewater for automatic and irrigation systems” (ASU Sustainability 1).
The University diverts solid waste for the landfill for “recycling, repurposing, reusing, and composting” (ASU Sustainability 1).
We will write a custom Essay on Arizona State University Sustainability Efforts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More ASU averts wastes by reducing consumption. By 2015, the University intends to reduce 90 percent of solid wastes from the landfill from its institutions (ASU Sustainability 1). Also, it also aims to gain carbon neutrality by constructing green buildings, which will reduce emissions by 2025 and make carbon level neutral by 2035.
ASU constructed the largest solar project in Arizona. The project supplies nearly 30 percent of the energy required during the day by the institution. The University has been able to develop this project through donation and external supports.
The Sustainable Cities Network assists local communities in tackling their daily challenges by looking for sustainable solutions. It was a collaborative initiative that involved the city, ASU, county, and tribal leaders who came together to connect research focus and major challenges of sustainability. The US Environmental Protection Agency recognized the work of the network and its effort in promoting sustainable development in the state in March 2013.
ASU aims to reduce the power required and lessen the discharge of toxic gases. Today, ASU works on a technology that would reduce the urban heat island (UHI). This technology will improve the absorption of the day’s heat from streets, concrete, and other structures and increase temperatures during the night.
It has become a major concern in a large city like Phoenix. Specifically, ASU professors have focused on reducing UHI by introducing low, dense construction materials, using additives that could reduce surface heat released on streets and by concretes.
Educational Today, ASU conducts staff evaluations to determine their involvement in sustainability efforts (ASU Sustainability 1). It is the first institution to introduce “sustainability criteria in employee evaluation by Sustainability Literacy Program” (ASU Sustainability 1).
The Global Institute of Sustainability is ASU’s sustainability hub. The hub aims to promote research, education, and business initiatives that modernize the globe. ASU School of Sustainability has developed a curriculum that provides transdisciplinary degree courses, which aim to find workable solutions for public, financial, and environmental issues. The hub has received substantial support for its sustainability efforts.
Table 1: ASU’s Sustainability Efforts: SWOT
Not sure if you can write a paper on Arizona State University Sustainability Efforts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Strengths Strong collaboration with communities, local authorities, business, entrepreneurs, and the public
Inculcating sustainability criteria for staff and manage team evaluation programs
Sustainability efforts as a part of ASU’s strategic plans
Sustainability degree program and research hub
Weaknesses Slow progress on sustainability efforts, e.g., some projects take several decades to complete
Slow pace of developing spin-out companies from sustainability efforts
No clear tools for measuring or evaluating sustainability achievements and outcomes
Opportunities Sustainability as a growing field of interest for many, including governments, organizations, and the public
Opportunities to develop sustainable processes and structures
Grants and donations to support sustainability efforts
Chances to make substantial savings on costs, consumption, and environments
Threats High costs of R
Literature Studies: “The Iliad” by Homer Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Historical Background Of The Work
The Summary Of The Book
The Critical Analysis
Introduction The literature is the reflection of the people’s history, feelings, and thoughts. The Iliad by Homer, the Ancient Greek author, is one of the outstanding works in the world literature. It is devoted to the period of the Greek-Trojan War and narrates about the heroic battles between the Greeks and the Trojans. The aim of this essay is to summarize the plot of The Iliad and to analyze it.
The Historical Background Of The Work The Iliad is the masterpiece of the Antique literature. Homer, the legendary Greek author write it. According to the legend, Homer was blind. However, he is considered to be the author of the greatest literary works of Ancient Time. The Iliad is the oldest literature masterpiece on Earth.
It is written in the genre of the epic poem and narrates about the period of the Bronze Age. The theme of the Greek-Trojan War is the central one in the poem. According to the legend, the war started around 1200 BC, when Helen, the wife of the Greek king Menelaus, ran away to her lover Paris, a son of the Trojan king (“The Trojan War” n.pag.).
The Summary Of The Book The Iliad is based on Greek mythology. “Many of the Iliad’s themes center around war, warriors, and their characteristics such as valor and duty, but there are abundant other rich threads including humor, aging, love, and lust” (Jordan n.pag.).
The poem narrates the Greek military campaign to conquer Troy. The unfaithfulness of Helen, the wife of Menelaus, becomes the casus belli and the Greek army led by Agamemnon makes their way to Troy. Achilles is the bravest and the most violent among the Greeks. The Trojan army is led by Hector, a son of the Trojan king Priam. In one of the battles, Patroclus, the best friend of Achilles, dies.
Achilles convenes regiment to avenge on Trojans. He kills Hector in the battle. He ties the body of Hector to his chariot and carries it across the field several times. Priam goes to Achilles to ask him to humble his anger and to give back the body of his son for burial. In the end, Achilles thinks about his father and makes the concessions.
The Critical Analysis It is the epic poem not only about the Gods, but it is about the heroes, the sons of the ordinary people. Undoubtedly, this fact makes The Iliad stand out among the Ancient Greek legends. It has influenced my perception of Ancient history, essentially.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I will recommend reading the poem to everyone eager to know more about Antique mythology and history. “The Iliad is essential to read and understand for any student of the classics, and the book has many fine qualities: poetic language, brave warriors, interfering immortals, strong and caring friendships, and exciting battle scenes” (“The Iliad” n.pag.).
Conclusion To sum up, all the above mentioned, it should be said that The Iliad by Homer is the outstanding literary work of the Antique period. It represents the genre of the epic poem and describes the events of the Greek-Trojan war. The poem is also interesting from the standpoint of Greek mythology and culture. It is one of the greatest masterpieces of world literature, which is worthy of reading for everyone.
Works Cited Jordan, Herbert. “The Major Themes in The Iliad”. Iliadtranslation.com. 2012. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
“The Iliad”. Commonsensemedia.org. 2013. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
“The Troyan War”. Stanford.edu. n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
Linguistics Issues: Morphemes and Phonemes Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Morphemes
Transcription of the text
Morphemes Morphemes are the basic units of meaning in the formation of words. Several morphemes combine to form a single word. Some morphemes stand on their own while others need inflection to be meaningful. The utterances in the text below have both free and bound morphemes.
“Some gentlemen dined at an economical restaurant. They found the service to be unacceptable and wished to express their unhappiness to the management. The manager was unavailable, so they brought the leftovers home to their dog who resided in a doghouse in the backyard.”
The following are morphemes that make up words in the utterances above. The slashes separate individual morphemes from each other.
/Some/ gentle/men/ dine/d/ /at/ /an/ /economi/cal/ /restaurant/. /They/ /found/ /the/ /service/ /to/ /be/ /un/accept/able/ /and/ /wish/ed/ /to/ /express/ /their/ /un/happi/ness/ /to/ /the/ /manage/ment/. /The/ /manage/r/ /was/ /un/avail/able/, /so/ /they/ /brought/ /the/ /left/over/s/ /home/ /to/ /their/ /dog/ /who/ /reside/d/ /in/ /a/ /dog/house/ /in/ /the/ /back/yard/.
These morphemes consist of morphemes that are individual words and others that are fragments of words. The individual words help other dependent morphemes in bringing out their meaning. Morphemes that can express meaning on their own are free morphemes. On the other hand, morphemes that need inflection to be meaningful are bound morphemes. This work analyzes these two categories of morphemes individually.
Free morphemes Free morphemes are morphemes that do not need other morphemes to be meaningful. They are individual words with their own meanings. These words can be nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, interjections, or pronouns. Sometimes free morphemes combine with other morphemes, both free and bound morphemes. This alters the meaning of the morphemes. The following are the free morphemes in the text.
/Some/, /gentle/, /men/, /dine/, /at/, /an/, /economi/, /restaurant/, /They/, /found/, /the/, /service/, /to/, /be/, /accept/, /and/, /wish/, /to/, /express/, /their/, /happi/, /to/, /the/, /manage/, /the/, /manage/, /was/, /avail/, /so/, /they/, /brought/, /the/, /left/, /over/, /home/, /to/, /their/, /dog/, /who/, /reside/, /in/, /a/, /dog/, /house/, /in/, /the/ /back/, /yard/.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bound morphemes Bound morphemes are morphemes which need inflection to be meaningful. They cannot stand on their own. They are mostly suffixes and prefixes that need other morphemes to be meaningful.
These suffixes and prefixes have meanings, but these meanings are not clear when these morphemes stand alone. These meanings include number, tense, mood, negation, ability, opposite, feminine, and masculinity. The following are bound morphemes from the text we are discussing.
The dashes before the words show that they always need inflection.
Phonemes Phonemes are the most basic units of meaning in the study of sounds. They are individual sounds in a language. These sounds fall into two categories; consonants and vowels. Every sound has a symbol that represents it. The IPA is a chart that summarizes these sounds.
The following are the phonemes of all the words in the text. The transcription of the utterances is according to American pronunciation. The British pronunciation of these words slightly differs with the American pronunciation.
“There was an old woman who swallowed a fly. I don’t know why she swallowed a fly. Perhaps she will die.”
We will write a custom Essay on Linguistics Issues: Morphemes and Phonemes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Transcription of the text The following is a phonemic representation of the words in the text.
/ðer/ /wəz/ /ə/ /wʊmən/ /hu:/ /swɑ:loʊd/ /ə/ /flaɪ/. /aɪ/ /dəʊnt/ /noʊ/ /waɪ/ /ʃɪ/ /swɑ:loʊd/ /ə/ /flaɪ/. /pərhæps/ /ʃɪ/ /wɪl/ /daɪ/.
Government Shutdown and Its Impact on Tourism Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Impacts of the Shutdown
Introduction The US government shutdown of 2013 was an event that led to significant financial losses for many industries in the country. This shutdown, which lasted from October 1 to 16, happened because Congress could not agree on spending priorities and policies. This led to a failure in passing the bill appropriating funds for the year 2014.
Once the shutdown was in action, federal employees were required to go on leave and only employees offering crucial services continued working.
Since the services provided by federal employees in the tourism sector are not considered crucial, the shutdown led to the closure of all national parks, museums, and other tourist attraction sites under federal control. This paper will highlight the negative impacts that the politically motivated government shutdown of 2013 had on tourism.
Impacts of the Shutdown The tourism industry in the US is heavily dependent on federal services to operate. The federal government manages the major national parks and tourist attraction sites. It employs the personnel who work in these avenues and maintains the sites. During the shutdown, these tourism sites were closed; therefore deterring tourists from visiting. Hetter reports that the National Parks have a flow of about 715,000 tourists each day (par.5).
As such, over 11million visitors were turned down for the 16-day duration that the National Parks were closed. The White House reports that over $500 million was lost due to the closing of national parks during the 16-day shutdown (11). This amount was what the National Park Service would have obtained as revenue from the visitors who visit the various tourist attraction sites.
In an attempt to reduce the losses suffered by tourism due to the shutdown, State governments opened some of the parks about eight days after the shutdown began. However, this re-opening still failed to attract the high number of visitors who frequent the parks.
During the duration of the shutdown, people were unwilling to make travel plans to the tourist sites due to the uncertainty surrounding the shutdown situation (The White House 11). The decrease in tourist levels was also caused by the fact that most people had canceled their travel plans following the news that a shutdown would occur.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to the revenue lost by the national parks, the communities that live around the national parks and tourist attraction sites also suffered from financial losses. These local communities provide services such as accommodation and entertainment to the tourists.
They rely on the high inflow of tourists to make their living (Hetter par.5). During the government shutdown, there were few tourists visiting since the attraction sites were closed. The local communities could, therefore, not generate income during the period of the shutdown.
Conclusion This paper set out to discuss the negative impact that the government shutdown had on tourism in the US. People who work in the tourism industry or depend on tourism to make a living lost a substantial amount of revenue during the shutdown.
These losses were caused by the closure of tourist attraction sites and the lack of confidence in federal services. The uncertainty surrounding this situation led to a dramatic reduction in the number of tourists to open sites. The negative impacts of the shutdown made many people angry with Congress for failing to reach a compromise and avoid the shutdown in the first place.
Works Cited Hetter, Katia. Attention, travelers: Your plans have changed. 1 Oct. 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. .
The White House. Impacts and Costs of the October 2013 Federal Government Shutdown. 7. Nov. 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. .
Environmental Problem of the Ok Tedi Copper Mine Essay best essay help: best essay help
In 1998, the leaders of the Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited (BHP) faced the necessity to resolve the ethical problem related to the significant environmental pollution, which could lead to the ecological catastrophe. Thus, the BHP owned 52% of shares in the Ok Tedi copper mine located in Papua New Guinea.
The problem is in the fact that the mine discharges the great amounts of tailings and waste into the Ok Tedi River during the decades of the mine’s development. As a result, the waters of the Ok Tedi River cannot be used by the local inhabitants, who are dependent on these resources necessary to farm.
However, inhabitants are also dependent on the Ok Tedi copper mine’s development because many local people work there. That is why, the ethical problem is in the necessity to provide the morally appropriate solution to address the environmental and social issues and respond to the interests of employees, local inhabitants, and authorities.
It was agreed in 2001 that the Ok Tedi copper mine would operate till 2010 while continuing to dredge into the waters of the Ok Tedi River, without constructing the facilities for storing dangerous tailings.
In this case, the agreement achieved by the BHP and the government of Papua New Guinea cannot be discussed as ethically appropriate and effective because the decision to continue operations without the significant changes in the process cannot address the needs of the local inhabitants who are also employees at the mine, cannot contribute to decreasing the negative effects on the environment, and cannot prevent the ecological catastrophe associated with the changes in the ecology of the forests near the Ok Tedi River.
From this point, the proposed agreement and decision cannot meet the interests of the stakeholders and community in relation to providing a safe environment for working and development; cannot respond to the idea of sustainability and environmental protection; and cannot satisfy the needs of the local inhabitants and employees related to the limited possibilities for farming and fishing.
Following the ideas associated with the principles of the professional ethics, it is possible to note that the decision of the company and government is characterized by a lot of weaknesses and direct violation of the ethical ideas. That is why it is reasonable to take the position against the decision.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The BHP and the government of Papua New Guinea did not demonstrate the interest in those stakeholders’ needs, which are not associated with the material outcomes for the company and country.
In spite of the fact that the authorities proposed the decision to support the social and economic spheres with references to continuing operations and preserving the profits, the decision cannot be discussed as ethical because its implementation leads to violating such norms as the environmental protection and the guarantee of the community’s welfare.
Referring to the ideals of Utilitarianism, it is possible to state that the consequences of the decision cannot be positive for the community because the absence of changes can lead to worsening the situation and to the ecological catastrophe. Furthermore, this agreement cannot be approved from the point of deontological ethics because such a decision cannot be discussed as the widely appropriate variant to cope with the problem.
The further focus on the mine’s operations without changing the technologies potentially results in ecological catastrophe, violation of the ideas of sustainability, and in the destruction of resources for the local inhabitants’ life and activities.
Neoclassical Economics Concepts and Theories Essay college admission essay help
Stanley Jevons was a neoclassical economist who, among others, advanced the economic theory of marginal revolution. He explained labor and consumption in terms of marginal utility. Classical theorists held the view that the value of a product is directly proportional to the labor used in production.
Jevons, on the other hand, argued that the value of “each additional unit of a commodity-the marginal utility-is less and less to the consumer” (Swedberg 12). He gave an example of a thirsty man and a glass of water. The first glass has more value, but as thirst disappears, subsequent glasses diminish in utility.
Value is, therefore, directly proportional to the utility. This paper will integrate various economics concepts and theories and connect them to the realities of modern society.
Jevons uses his book, ‘The Coal Question,’ to extrapolate how labor relates to consumption. He argues that with increased efficiency in coal mining methods, Britain and America will experience rapid growth (Bentham 5). Fast production increases rates of consumption. This, he argues, will lead to depletion of coal resources in the two nations. America will, however, have an upper hand because it has more coal deposits than Britain.
Jevons also argues that with technology, there will be labor efficiency, which will translate to higher rates of employment. Increased efficiency leads to more consumption and higher profitability. Jevons acknowledges the classical theorists’ assertion that technology brings about unemployment.
However, he advocates for a holistic perspective on the issue. High efficiency leads to increased production. This lowers products’ prices leading to more demand. The high demand widens the employment sphere, thus putting more jobs into the economy.
Jevons’ arguments differ from Veblen’s concepts of conspicuous leisure and conspicuous consumption to a substantial extent. The gist of Jevons’ postulate is that efficiency triggers consumption with a spiral effect on profitability and employment. Veblen argues that people engage in leisure activities to display social status. He traced conspicuous leisure to the early ages when the nobility was exempted from manual labor.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With social stratification, conspicuous leisure and consumption have taken different forms. Rich people in society engage in conspicuous social activities like visiting exquisite destinations and idling all day. They also consume expensive products to show off to the public.
They thus do little work and consume more. Rodrick avers that leisure is nothing but “non-productive consumption of time” (978). Because of their dislike for working, the wealthy spend most of their time consuming what others have produced.
In modern society, Veblen’s concepts of conspicuous leisure and conspicuous consumption can be equated to materialism. This marks the divergence of his concepts from Jevons’ arguments (Chomsky 2). Jevons believed in increasing efficiency to spur consumption, profits, and growth. According to him, high production leads to a price reduction. Cheapened products widen the scope of employment.
Conversely, Veblen argues that consumption stimulates production. The wealthy are preoccupied with lavish spending and unproductive use of time. They devise etiquettes and mannerisms that consume time. Additionally, the house and cloth their servants in spacious spaces and unique attires (uniforms). These unnecessary and lavish desires escalate demand and consumption.
In summary, Jevons had high regard for marginal utility. He argues that labor should contribute to the higher utility for consumers. Veblen, on the other hand, paid little regard to marginal utility and more on the cost of production (Jones 23). Jevons has been criticized for failing to integrate production cost concepts in his elucidation.
Veblen’s concepts have formed templates for studies into modern day materialism. This is because his concepts considered the social and cultural contexts as components in understanding economics.
In the last parts of the 19th century, marginalist writers disregarded political economy in favor of pure economy. The mathematical analysis became common as the place of political and social considerations diminished. Neoclassical writers such as Leon Walras and Stanley Jevons discarded the classical era thought on economics by adopting empirical research.
We will write a custom Essay on Neoclassical Economics Concepts and Theories specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Walras had the most revolutionary view on the application of mathematics in economics. In a letter to his mentor, Charles Gide, Walras argued that economics should expunge the inherent “phraseology and charlatanism” that was a common feature of classical economics (Geisst 3). This section will elucidate on thoughts in favor of applying mathematics in pure economics.
One of the things that perturbed Walras was the common phenomena in which business existed without making a profit or a loss. In a free market, the prices of commodities rise or fall according to dictates of the law of demand and supply (Bentham 2). In the absence of government regulation, there is no set criterion for price determination. Walras sought an empirical way of determining the theory of equilibrium.
This theory underscored the significance of utilizing capital goods optimally. By applying mathematics logic, Walras was able to determine the price in a market system. This sparked a lot of controversies, especially from classical economists who found the approach inadequate in explaining industrial competition.
Stanley Jevons was also among the early pioneers to use mathematics in economics. As mentioned earlier, the economist is most famous for his expositions on marginal utility. When he delved into the economy, he brought with him a logic and statistics acumen that was lacking in this field for a long time. He introduced a mathematical and empirical plane in the studies of political economy.
He also introduced to economics the mathematical concepts of probability and statistics. His philosophical orientation stems from early interactions with Boole, a man reputed for prioritizing mathematics over logic (Altman 2). However, Jevons broke from his mentor by giving logic priority over mathematics.
Jevons’ biggest contribution to mathematics in economics was limited to the pedagogical sphere. As a statistician, he introduced “statistics and econometrics in the social sciences and the use of empirical data” (Drucker 23). Jevons’ prowess in recording and interpreting data would not have been noticed was it not for the 1851 gold discovery in Australia.
Eager to put his theory into practice, he used index numbers and probability to establish the probable duration of the mineral deposit. He applied inverse induction and graphical representation to reduce the errors inherent in similar studies.
Economists have tried to unravel the key to macroeconomic stability for a long time. Wicksell and Fisher, both neoclassical economists, advocated for increases in money supply as a way of establishing macroeconomic stability. According to Chomsky, Wicksell’s argument on micro-stability is tantamount to “urging banks to reduce the rate of interest below the real rate of return on capital” (23).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Neoclassical Economics Concepts and Theories by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This would make investments attractive and escalate the overall spending. Inevitably, high spending leads to high inflation. Inflation reduces when banks are left with the legal amount of money. The cumulative process sets the stage for stability at the macro-economic level.
This supposition is self-contradictory. The inherent confusion led Bentham to the conclusion that Wicksell and Fisher theory was an “intellectual witch’s brew: many ingredients, some of them exotic, many insights, but also a great deal of confusion” (23). Precipitating artificial inflation leads to a financial crisis, not macroeconomic stability.
The Keynesian general theory provides plausible measures for attaining macroeconomic stability. His suppositions were multidimensional, and he was cognizant of the different factors that come into play within an economic setup. Three different factors must play out to attain macroeconomic stability.
Altman itemizes these factors as “goods, the financial, and the labor markets” (4). These three factors interact and cause shifts between individual and national savings on one side and investment on the other side. The exchange between input and output leads to a natural interest rate. Because the interest rates are natural, it is easier for different stakeholders to operate in openness and trust.
Keynes’ position is in contrast to Wicksell and Fisher, who advocated for artificial interest rates. To attain macro-economic stability, prices of commodities must be stable. Employment opportunities must be available, and growth must be rapid. With Wicksell and Fisher’s model, it is hard to realize stable prices.
On expectations, Keynes model offers the best tool for predicting the future with accuracy. Because the interest rates are natural, it is easy to know when to be optimistic or pessimistic. An increase in efficiency of capital is a pointer of better results and more stability.
When the marginal efficiency of capital falls, investors can lower their expectations. Wicksell and Fisher’s model is capricious and hence, impossible to predict. Interest rates are at the whims of one institution rather than a result of the interplay of various factors.
Keynes also differs with Wicksell and Fisher on money and monetary policy. Wicksell and Fisher believed in the quantity theory of money. The more money there is the economy, the more people will spend. The high expenditure will lead to a high return. In essence, therefore, Wicksell and Fisher advocated for a monetary policy that leads to artificial inflation. It is for this reason that Fisher came up with the infamous compensated dollar plan.
The plan sought to increase the amount of money in the economy. Keynes, on the other hand, proposed a total spending monetary policy.
The major division among Keynesian economists is the influence of monetary and fiscal policy. However, they agree that monetary policy can “produce real effects on output and employment only if some prices are rigid” (Bentham 23). The economy runs on a multiplier effect that incorporates many monetary outputs and inputs.
In conclusion, the paper has discussed several economic concepts and theories. The common school of thought during the classical era was pegged on the cost of production. In the neoclassical era, marginalist thinkers introduced mathematics concept in economics.
This made it possible to use empirical data in analyzing the political economy. By the turn of the 20th century, the Keynesian model had emerged as the best tool for economic analysis. This paper has traced all these developments and discussed their implications to political economy.
Additionally, the paper has reviewed Wicksell and Fisher’s economic models and contrasted them with the Keynesian model. Political economy does not exist in a vacuum. It is thus open to influences from social and cultural changes.
Works Cited Altman, Daniel. “Joseph Stiglitz Q
Epicurus and Aristotle Philosophical Views on Emotions Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Epicurus View of Emotion
Stoicism’s Perspective of Emotions
Aristotle’s Perspective of Emotions
The study of emotions has attracted the attention of many philosophers and scholars in various fields. There has been an attempt to have a clear definition of the events that take place within the mind before one gets emotional. As Evans (56) notes, emotions involve the feelings developed when one is subjected to a given environment. Some of the greatest philosophers who dedicated their time to the study emotions include Epicurus and Aristotle.
The two philosophers studied emotions to determine some of the common causes of this mental state, and the events that take place in the mind before one becomes emotional. In this study, the researcher will analyze emotions in light of Epicurus, Stoicism, and Aristotle’s writings.
Epicurus View of Emotion Epicurus analyzed emotions from the perspective of the presence or absence of suffering. As Rolls (57) notes, Epicurus argued that emotions would largely be considered as the presence of happiness or suffering. An individual who is experiencing any form of suffering would be sad. Sadness as emotion would be as a result of the absence of pleasure.
This philosopher argued that pleasure and suffering are two extremes that can never be experienced at the same time with equal measures. If an individual is exposed to factors that bring pleasure and suffering at the same time, one of the two will dominate the other.
The pleasure can be so great that it becomes easy to ignore the suffering. In such a case, an individual would remain happy even in the presence of suffering. Conversely, the pain can be so great that it becomes easier to ignore the presence of pleasure. In this case, an individual would be sad despite the presence of pleasure.
In society, the two extremes of emotion will always be presented to an individual at every stage in life. According to Epicurus, an individual would always find himself in the face of pleasure or pain. In some rare occasions, one may not have control over which of the two factors he or she would face. However, it is most of the occasions, one would have the capacity to choose between the two.
One may choose to suffer as a way of generating more pleasure in the future. For instance, when an individual is presented with an amount of money that is way beyond the current needs, he may choose to spend the money in leisure or invest it in business. At that particular moment, the choice of investing the money would bring suffering. That individual would be forced to dedicate his or her time and energy to the new project.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, if an individual decides to spend the money, he would get pleasure. The pleasure would be spent in many ways depending on the way that an individual chooses to use the money.
However, the two individuals would be considered to view the emotional satisfaction of money from two different perspectives. While the inventor envisions a bigger pleasure in future when the investment becomes profitable, the other individual sees immediate pleasure as the most appropriate.
Although the definition of Epicurus of pleasure as an absence of suffering has been considered as an insight into the study of emotions, some contemporary scholars have rejected this reasoning, describing it shallow. Evans (90) says that there can be instances where one lacks any strong sense of happiness or sadness. For this reason, it would be improper to argue that at one moment in time, one must experience either of the two emotional feelings.
Stoicism’s Perspective of Emotions Stoics are known to have conducted extensive research on emotions, and their works have been subject of study among various scholars who have researched in this field. According to this school of thought, emotions can be classified as either constructive or destructive. This school of thought holds that emotions can be considered constructive if it brings development or any form of benefit to society.
For instance, when one feels happy and motivated, that emotion will be constructive, because the activity that will be delegated to such an individual would be done excellently. On the other hand, emotions can be considered destructive if it can motivate violent reactions or any other destructive behavior. Most of the stoic analysis of emotions were based on their destructive nature.
According to Rolls (79), stoicism school of thought holds that destructive emotions are always as a result of judgment errors. This scholar elaborates on this by stating that some of the destructive emotions such as anger are always as a result of an error in judgment in the mind of an individual. The mind is a very powerful tool that always dictates our actions. In some cases, the mind would make some judgments over some issues that are not factual.
For instance, when a parent is convinced that one of his or her children is careless, any damage that takes place in the house will always be blamed on that particular child, and all the anger will be directed to it. Basing his reasoning on Stoicism, Evans (78) explains that emotions can always be controlled, especially if it is destructive.
We will write a custom Essay on Epicurus and Aristotle Philosophical Views on Emotions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Aristotle’s Perspective of Emotions Aristotle is one of the greatest philosophers that ever lived. His philosophical works covered many areas, including emotional thoughts within the human mind. According to Aristotle, emotions are aroused by some of the activities that take place within the environment. Both positive and negative emotions are triggered by an individual’s experiences.
Happiness will always be a result of the positive experience that one has in the external or internal environment (Rolls 56). The external environment, in this case, refers to activities outside one’s body or mind. The internal environment is all the activities that take place in one’s mind or any part of the body. Depending on the experiences that one has with the environment, the emotion can be pleasant or painful.
Aristotle argued that it is our ethical responsibility to develop a positive response to our emotions. For instance, when one is faced with the emotions of fear, it would be his or her responsibility to develop courage. Similarly, when one is overwhelmed with desire, he or she should have the virtue of controlling such desires to avoid affecting the emotions of others negatively.
Conclusion Emotion is always determined by one’s state of mind. Different scholars have tried to explain emotions in different ways to express different things. In his analysis of emotions, Epicurus argued that happiness is a sign of a lack of suffering. Stoicism school of thought classified emotions as either constructive or destructive. Aristotle argued that one should always be able to control his or her emotions to remain ethical.
Works Cited Evans, Dylan. Emotion: The Science of Sentiment. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print.
Rolls, Edmund. Emotion Explained. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Print.
Asian Medicine: the Ying and Yang Concept Essay essay help online: essay help online
Introduction The concept of Yin and Yang is fundamental to Chinese medical philosophy. This concept expresses duality with the two forces of yin and yang being opposites, yet complementary. The body organs are categorized as either yin or yang organs. Lloyd (2009) reveals that yin is held within the inner body to nourish the organs while yang stays in the superficial region from.
The balance between Yin and Yang is fundamental to promoting health. This concept affects the health beliefs of many Asian patients. This paper will discuss how the influence of the concept of yin and yang in the traditional Asian patient will affect his view of the healthcare treatment of flu, childbirth, appendectomy, and foot amputation due to diabetic ulcers.
Health Care Treatments Flu
While antiviral drugs are often prescribed for flu patients, the Asian patient might use herbal or dietary remedies. To the Asian patient, the flu will be viewed using the yin-yang concept of hot and cold diseases.
According to this concept, hot diseases are caused by too much yin, while cold diseases are caused by too much yang (Xueqin, 2004). The flu is accompanied by symptoms including fever, chills, and a runny nose. It is therefore classified as a hot disease, and warming Yang foods and herbs are recommended to cure it.
Pregnancy and childbirth are viewed using the yin-yang polar relationship of hot and cold. Traditional Asian clients believe that pregnancy and childbirth are yin condition (Xueqin, 2004). The reason for this is that the woman will experience blood deficiency or fatigue during childbirth.
This will lead to a deficiency in the yang available in the body. Pregnant women and new mothers are therefore asked to consume yang foods which man include chicken, beef, eggs, and spicy foods. This will restore the yin-yang balance and ensure health after pregnancy.
To the traditional Asian patient, appendicitis is caused by the blockage or stagnation of Qi, which is the positive energy flowing in the body. Modern medicine recommends appendectomy, which is the surgical removal of an inflamed appendix, to cure appendicitis and prevent the infection from spreading.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since appendicitis is connected to intestines, which are yang organs, it is believed that regulating the yin force will cure the condition (Lloyd, 2009). Yin force can be regulated using Acupuncture. Acupuncture is an oriental procedure that stimulates anatomical points, thereby clearing blocked channels of energy in the body and allowing energy to flow freely within the body.
The Asian patient is likely to resist a foot amputation in response to diabetic ulcers. Instead, the patient might consider taking yin foods. For the Asian patient, diabetic foot ulcers are regarded as conditions caused by a yin deficiency.
Yunyu (2011) documents that Diabetic foot ulcers are characterized by hot pains and ulceration in the extremities. These “hot” conditions can be alleviated by taking cold herbs or foods. The cold foods will decrease the yin deficiency in the patient’s body.
Conclusion This paper set out to discuss the effect that the yin-yang concept has on traditional Asian patients. It reviewed the impact of this oriental concept on several specific health care treatments. The paper has demonstrated that for the Asian patient, illnesses are cured by taking action to cause the desirable yin-yang balance in the patient’s body.
Health care professionals should be aware of the influence that the concept of yin-yang has on the traditional Asian patient. This will ensure that the patient is helped to take advantage of the benefits of Asian traditional medicine without exposing himself to health risks by refusing modern medicine.
References Lloyd, I. (2009). The Energetics of Health: A Naturopathic Assessment. Boston: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Xueqin, G. (2004). The Culture of Health: Asian Communities in the United States. NY: ABC-CLIO.
We will write a custom Essay on Asian Medicine: the Ying and Yang Concept specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Yunyu, H. (2011). Managing Diabetic Foot Ulcers Using Chinese Medicine. Retrieved from: http://www.o-wm.com/content/managing-diabetic-foot-ulcers-using-chinese-medicine
The Christianity History Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The history of Christianity reflects the development of the Church and the changes in the people’s attitude towards religious tenets. It also closely connected with historical events. The time in the history of Christianity between the late Roman Empire and the Renaissance represents the difficult period of the formation of the Christian Church. The aim of this essay is to characterize the history of Christianity between IV to VII centuries.
Main Body The period of the late Roman Empire was the time of the Oecumenical Councils, which gathered the representatives of all local churches. It was also a period of the governance of Constantine the Great, the Roman emperor who made Christianity the official religion.
“Constantine can rightfully claim the title of Great, for he turned the history of the world into a new course and made Christianity, which until then had suffered bloody persecution, the religion of the State” (“Constantine the Great” n.pag.). The change of the official religion shook the social order and contributed to the formation of the heretical movements.
To survive under these conditions, the early Christians concealed themselves in the arid regions. All that, ultimately, contributed to the rapid formation of the first cloisters. The Oecumenical Councils were aimed at overcoming the social disorder and the unity of the Church. The First Council of Constantinople took place in 381 (“Constantinople, First Council of” n.pag.). It represented the crucial event in the history of Christianity as it approved the dogma about the Blessed Trinity and the unity of the God-Father and the God-Son, in particular.
During the VII century, Christianity was influenced by the rapid expansion of the Muslims. At the beginning of the VII century, the Islamic Caliphate invaded Spain and France. It was the period of the religious wars. “The small Christian stronghold in the northern mountains eventually grew into the kingdoms of Asturias, Leon, and Castile, and Pelayo is credited with laying the seed of the Christian Reconquest of Spain” (“Moorish Conquest” n.pag.).
In 1054, the Christian Church was divided into the Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox (“1054 the East-West Schism” n.pag.). The period of the Medieval Ages was characterized by the strengthening of the Christian Church, and it was the time of the crusades (Latte n.pag.).
During the period of Reformation, the protestant movements occurred. Martin Luther, the German monk, was the initiator of the Reformation and the founder of Protestantism (“Martin Luther” n.pag.). The scholars state that his activity laid the foundations for the development of capitalism.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The epoch of Renaissance was the period of the rethinking of the many of the Church dogmas. During this period, the ideas of humanism spread all over Europe and marked the significant changes in theology and philosophy. The philosophical thoughts shifted from the traditional religious dogmas towards the comprehension of the place of the man in the world.
Conclusion In summary, the history of Christianity from the late Roman Empire to the Epoch of the Renaissance represented the period of the formation of the Christian Church. It was also the time of its split when three major branches occurred: Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant. The epoch of the Renaissance was the period of the crucial changes in the philosophical thoughts, which became more focused on human nature and its beauty.
Works Cited “Constantinople, First Council of”. Infoplease.com. 2013. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
“Constantine the Great”. Newadvent.org. 2009. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
Little, David. “Christianity and Religious Freedom in the Medieval Period (476 – 1453 CE)”. Berkleycenter.georgetown.edu. n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
“Martin Luther”. Ccel.org. n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
“Moorish Conquest of Hispania”. Heritage-history.com.2012. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
We will write a custom Essay on The Christianity History specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “1054 the East-West Schism”. Christianitytoday.com. 2013. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
Behavioral Economics And Finance Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
The first attempts to analyze and explain the actions of economic agents from the psychological perspective were made in the 18th century. Since then, this field of study has advanced substantially. The ideas on behavioral economics can be found in the works of the representatives of the different schools. Many of them are devoted to the specific field of study, Behavioral Finance.
Economics is the sphere of study, which is mostly based on the model ignoring the psychological aspects of the economic agents’ behavior. In contrast, Behavioral Economics recognizes the importance of cognitive biases in the context of economic decision-making (Thaler
Hurricane Katrina’ Economic Effects for New Orlean Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
New Orleans was one of the cities greatly affected by Hurricane Katrina. Subsequent efforts to rebuild the city back to its initial state have proved much expensive and a real burden to the citizens. The estimated cost for the refurbishment of New Orleans is expected to be about $200 billion.
The biggest compromise is whether the government should go ahead and spend this huge sum or this same amount should be given to the residents. I do object to the idea of spending hugely to rehabilitate the city, and as the economist, Ed Glaeser pointed out; New Orleans should be allowed to fail without being bailed out (Glaeser 2007).
Ed Glaeser’s Argument is indeed true, especially when evaluated from an economical point of view (Glaeser 2007). For instance, insurance policy states that once insured the property is damaged, the owner of such a property is entitled to cash reimbursement. The owner will then decide to either repair or replace the same property. Finding an alternative investment may also work out as is in some circumstances.
The government, in this case, intends to rebuild New Orleans as an insurance measure against the destruction by Hurricane Katrina. It will be wise for the government to give residents vouchers so that they decide on what to do with the cash. This will open up new economic ventures for those who might be still willing to do business in the city as well as provide initial capital for others who may opt to invest elsewhere outside New Orleans.
The current poverty levels in the city of New Orleans are also a factor to go by in evaluating the government’s intention to rebuild the city. It is clear that the city was a major economic hub when water transport was largely exploited in the United States of America. The port by then provided employment to multitudes and exploitation of alternative means of transport and introduction of containerization has greatly cut down such employment rates.
The estimated annual per capita income of the city is less than $20,000 (Glaeser 2007). This implies that more effort should be channeled towards economically empowering the residents to raise their living standards than spending to reinstate the city’s infrastructure. Thus, giving cash vouchers to the residents will act as a major life-changing moment for the residents.
Rebuilding New Orleans does not successfully guarantee economic recovery of the city. However, it will be a big waste to invest such a huge amount of money in a project that will do little to change the people’s overall lifestyle, and status and such a move will be a big economic failure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The best viable solution to the current state of the city is one that targets the living standards of the residents than the general infrastructure of the city. A lot of money may be spent into the overall processes to reinstate the infrastructure that will serve an aesthetic value rather than an economic one (Germany 2007).
It is absolute that rebuilding New Orleans is not an economic activity at all. The hefty expenditure by the government to sustain this process can be directed into more practically viable projects to economically empower the residents. One such approach advocated by economists is to give vouchers to residents and allowing them to spend the money in ways they deem beneficial.
Works Cited Germany, Kent. New Orleans after the Promises: Poverty, Citizenship and the Search for the Great Society, New York, NY: McGraw, 2007. Print.
Glaeser, Edward, “Should the Government Rebuild New Orleans or Just Give Residents Checks?” The Economists Voice 2.4(2005): 1-7. Print.
The Rivalry Between the South and the North – US History Essay essay help site:edu
Although some scholars dispute the perception that slavery was one of the major causes of the American Civil war, it is evident that slavery played a critical role in the hostility between the North and South before the war (Manning, 2007). The conflict between the South’s desire to expand slavery and the North’s desire for a democratic nation is important in this case.
The South’s heavy reliance on cotton farming for its economy demanded effective supply of cheap labor, which could only be provided by the slaves. On the other hand, the northern states relied on manufacturing, which did not demand slaves (Manning, 2007).
Since many freed slaves could not find employment in the South, they were increasingly seeking refuge in the northern states, but these states were not willing to accommodate the large population of blacks.
The North increasingly criticized the “Planter Aristocracy” system in the South. Therefore, it is worth arguing that the differences in socioeconomic systems between the North and the South explain “why” and “how” slavery became the major issue during the antebellum period.
First, the cotton boom of the 19th century boosted the economy of the southern states because slaves supplied almost free labor. Cotton production was relatively labor consuming because it was not yet mechanized. From planting to harvesting and transportation, the farmers heavily relied on human labor.
Bourgeois farmers and their families owned these plantations and slave families lived in these farms. They were viewed as properties rather than American citizens. Farmers were free to sell or buy slaves. They provided housing and basic needs, but the conditions were hostile because most farmers were oppressive and brutal.
On the other hand, the northern states were increasingly shifting from plantation dependent economies to manufacturing-based economies. As manufacturing industries increased in the North, the demand for slaves reduced significantly because industries did not need slaves.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They relied on skilled labor for their processing, which attracted white workers mostly. Also, these industries created positions for skilled and knowledgeable labor, which brought the need for education. These factors were increasingly discriminating against slavery because slaves were not educated. As such, the northern states saw the need to abolish slavery, which caused great criticism from the southern states (Stampp, 2006).
Secondly, the slave issue escalated because manufacturing industries in the North increasingly reduced their reliance on cotton and other agricultural products from the South. The North had experienced an industrial boom after Eli Whitney’s invention of the mechanical cotton gin, which revolutionized the process. Also, Cyrus McCormick invented mechanical mower-reaper, which revolutionized grain production in most parts of the West (Stampp, 2006).
Moreover, the economic relationships between the West and the North increased after the establishment of the Cumberland Road, the Erie Canal, the Railroad, and the steamboat. These factors improved the transportation of agricultural products from the agricultural West to the industrial North, which further boosted the spawning of the labor system in the North.
However, these factors destroyed the relationship between the South and the North because the North was reducing its reliance on agricultural products from the South. It was clear that the South was losing its northern markets. It caused a reduction in the amounts of income the white planters were getting from their cotton. As such, free labor (slavery) was necessary for the survival of the cotton plantations.
Also, the South started accusing the North of interfering with their economic systems because black slaves were now escaping to find employment opportunities in the West or the North. As most northern states turned industrial from agricultural and the rate of urbanization increased significantly, most families moved to live close to the industries.
For the free slaves, it was better to live in these cities because the rate of discrimination in the North was lower than in the South. Since they were no longer forced to provide free labor, the blacks led free but poor lives in the North.
The northern states perhaps angered by the increase in the number of blacks from the southern states, desired to change the system in the South by any means. There was an intensive criticism of the planters’ aristocracy in the southern states.
We will write a custom Essay on The Rivalry Between the South and the North – US History specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The abolitionist movement started in the North in the 1830s and called for an immediate end of slavery. It became the dominant movement for the reform during the antebellum era. Abolitionists were convinced by two major factors – the Second Awakening that saw slavery as a sin and the inspiration by the British end of slavery in the West Indies in 1833 (Stampp, 2006).
The impact of radical abolitionism increased the tension between the North and the South during the antebellum era. This movement started after William Lloyd Garrison had published “The Liberator” Newspaper in Boston, which was considered as a militant antislavery newspaper.
The paper asked the North to secede from the union because it was “virtuous” and could not coexist with the “wicked and evil” South in the same union. Garrison’s work did not provide a practical solution for ending the evils of slavery. However, it inspired many abolitionists in establishing the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Under this society, several abolitionist writers and activists continued to accuse the southern states of expanding the evils of slavery for economic benefits. Also, they accused the northern states of doing nothing to deal with the evil South.
For instance, Theodore Dwight Weld appealed to rural farmers in the Ohio Valley with his work “American slavery as it is” published in 1939. Wendell Phillips published his “Abolition golden trumped,” which called for the immediate end of slavery. His work had a major impact on the “North versus South” politics during the era.
Most of the abolitionists were northerners, but a handful of them came from the South. By the 1830s, the southern governments supported by the white farmers had completely silenced abolitionists in their territories (Freehling, 2010). However, the continued accusations from the North made the South think that the North was perpetrating a conspiracy.
Garrison was seen as a terrorist in the South for his work, which made the South offer some $5,000 for his conviction and arrest (Stampp, 2006). Most of the abolitionists in the South faced discrimination and were sometimes whipped, jailed, or even killed. Their literature was completely banned, which further created political tensions between the two sides.
In conclusion, the issue of slavery and its expansion dominated the political and economic rivalry between the North and the South during the antebellum period. As discussed, the need for slavery was the main economic issue that divided the two regions. Ethical and religious aspects sought to explain whether slavery was good or bad, with the North taking a negative stance. Therefore, slavery remained the most important issue of the era.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Rivalry Between the South and the North – US History by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Freehling, W. F. (2010). Prelude to Civil War: The Nullification Controversy in South Carolina, 1816–1836. New York: Oxford University Press.
Manning, C. (2007). What This Cruel War Was Over: Soldiers, Slavery, and the Civil War. New York: Vintage Books.
Stampp, K. M. (2006). The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South. New York: Random House.
Natural Sciences: Biodiversity and Human Civilisation Essay essay help: essay help
Abstract Schwartzman (2014) observes that the existing biodiversity and human civilization have been grossly affected by catastrophic climate change (3that Cs). The review begins by noting that an effective prevention program is necessary to avoid the impending threat of climate change. In other words, threats associated with climthe ate change are inevitable.
Global pandemic and nuclear war also pose similar threats to humanity, although they are not inevitable as it is the case with catastrophic climate change. Past studies confirm that the human race has continued to burn the fossil fuel reserves with impunity. The study goes on to illustrate withthat governments across the globe and especially major emitters of toxic gases have not demonstrated firm commitment to cut down their emission quarters.
The author inquires if there is sufficient time left to avoid environmental threats posed by climate change. The available opportunity to reduce harmful emissions is gradually narrowing down according to estimates provided by climate scientists. Within a period of five to ten years, the world might begin to experience irreversible climate change with a definite rise of 2 degrees centigrade of global temperature.
A similar estimate has been provided by the International Energy Agency (IEA). The author suggests that major emitters of greenhouse gases can opt for clean energy sources such as solar, wind, or hydro power instead of transforming global economies from capitalism to socialism.
Evaluation The author seeks to explore whether zero economic growth is the best solution for catastrophic climate change that seems to endanger biodiversity.
Schwartzman (2014) objects the idea that the world should divert from capitalistic to socialist economy in order to minimise environmental threats posed by greenhouse gas emission into the atmosphere. The author argues that it is not technically achievable to lower the expected temperature rise if the current emission quotas are not checked.
The article is constructed around literature reviews of both past and current studies on catastrophic climate change. For example, the 2012 World Energy Outlook report proposed a significant reduction in the consumption of fossil fuels if the five-year emission target is to be achieved. The ability of the global society to attain ecological sustainability will be largely determined by governments if they are willing to use alternative sources of energy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author in conjunction with a team of other researchers used a modelling study to illustrate the fact approximately 2 percent of global energy is currently being deployed in the generation of wind and solar power. A number of secondary research studies have also been used to support research findings of the model.
Transnational political power is probably a major stumbling block in the realisation of emission goals. Schwartzman (2014) reiterates that the inevitability of dangerous change in climate should not be accepted at all because there are unlimited options for reducing threats associated environmental pollution.
From the above analysis, it is indeed evident that the author has remained objective and sound throughout the article. He has done his job well especially by incorporating both primary and secondary research. Both sides of the argument have been presented by the author with the aim of shedding light on the issue at hand. Second, the author has highlighted and discussed the pros and cons of proposals made by the green energy revolution.
However, there is still some gap in the review study. Most of the pieces of evidence presented by the author in the article are past theoretical studies. A study of this magnitude demands some raw quantitative data that can be used to substantiate arguments and assertions. There are no graphs or pictures used in the article. However, they may not be necessary for this type of a review.
Nonetheless, I agree with the author since he has offered practical solutions for reducing greenhouse emission without necessarily resorting to zero economic growth.
Reference Schwartzman, D. (2014). Is zero economic growth necessary to prevent climate catastrophe? Science
Consumer Law: Suing Companies Over Spilled Drinks Essay essay help
Suing companies because of the negative aftereffects of accidental spillage of hot drinks must not be allowed to continue.
Tort reform and other preventive measures must be in place to discourage this type of lawsuit. If legal reform is not implemented, the justice system will suffer from unnecessary backlogs. More importantly, food and beverage companies will be driven to bankruptcy. Lawsuits of this nature must not be allowed if based on frivolous claims.
There is no legitimate food and beverage company in the world that was established to intentionally injure their customers by serving scalding hot drinks. Nevertheless, it is important to post warning signs that certain types of drinks are served piping hot.
The customers must also understand that they were never forced to buy products from a particular firm. They enter a restaurant or food store under their own free will. It is their responsibility to know the nature of the food items that they want to buy.
Companies must be protected against lawsuits emanating from frivolous claims. Without this protection, a significant percentage of the population will be affected if businesses declare bankruptcy due to legal problems. Customers must learn how to take responsibility with regards to the proper handling of food items.
Conclusion It is important for food and beverage companies to inform their customers about hot products that can potentially injure their customers. However, the law must also consider the financial risk that companies had to contend with on a regular basis. Without legal reforms to protect businessmen from frivolous claims, business establishments will disappear from communities that are known to reward plaintiffs with frivolous claims.
Psychology Research and Its Methods Essay a level english language essay help
The choice of a research method defines the further course of the study; therefore, it must be chosen with the account of the specifics of not only the study, but also the subject and, therefore, the type of data to be dealt with.
In psychology, a range of information comes in its qualitative form; herein, the priority of qualitative research types for such studies as research on Alzheimer’s disease lies (Breckler, 2004). Among the most common methods, a longitudinal study, a quasi-experiment, and a survey may be named. Despite the seeming difference between the specified methods, each of them allows for an all-embracing analysis of the existing qualitative data.
A scientific method is traditionally defined as a systematic process of inquiry (Feldman, 2013).In other words, this is a means of acquiring new knowledge and, most importantly, processing it to make the necessary research implications. As far as three different research methods are concerned, a quasi-experiment is the study that lacks its defining characteristics (Christens
Outbrain and Taboola Companies Service Marketing Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Article Summary
Communication Gap in Online Advertising
Reaction to the Article
Service marketing is distinct from the marketing of tangible products. This type of marketing is growing in stature because of the increasing number of services available for consumption through the internet. Service marketing is also growing because of the increase in the number of active people on the internet.
This article examines the activities of Outbrain and Taboola about service marketing. The basis for the analysis is an article from the Fortune Website titled, “How Taboola and Outbrain are battling a bad reputation and each other.” The article looks at the rivalry between the two firms in the context of the challenge of understanding customer requirements.
Article Summary The article by Erin Griffith discusses two main issues concerning Taboola and Outbrain. The writer discusses the current business rivalries between the two advertising firms that have competing for business models (Griffith). On the other hand, the writer also analyses the reaction of customers to the services offered by the two companies. The key point the writer raises is as follows.
First, the methods the two companies use to suggest content to readers frequently result in questionable content. The titles used in some of the suggested web pages mislead readers into visiting websites of little value to them. Secondly, Griffith points out that internet advertising services based on predictive results will become more popular because of their potential to raise revenue for advertisers.
Google, a global leader in online advertising, is reportedly working on a similar service. Thirdly, the writer states that the reason the algorithms used by Taboola and Outbrain deliver questionable content is because of demand for such content.
Communication Gap in Online Advertising When a company does not carry out adequate market research to find out what the customers want, the company is likely to assume that it understands the needs of its customers (Zeithaml, Bitner and Gremler 111). The situation that Taboola and Outbrain are dealing with today has interesting correlations to the need to find out what consumers want when marketing a service.
The current services frequently deliver content that does not match customer expectations. Some users feel that the two services are eroding the quality of consumer experience when they visit sites that contain Taboola and Outbrain advertisements. This is a perfect illustration of the existence of a communication gap between a company and the consumers of its products.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A communication gap can lead to the development of ineffective products culminating in market failure (Zeithaml, Bitner, and Gremler 409). In this regard, a service provider may have a good product that does not satisfy the needs of the target market.
Taboola and Outbrain use predictive analytics to present content to people visiting the websites that run their advertisements. Unlike traditional search where people actively enter search terms in a search engine, predictive analytics services do not need the reader’s direct input. Once a reader opens a page, Taboola and Outbrain give a reader suggestions of websites to visit based on the content on their screens.
The communication gap in this situation arises when the content presented does not address the immediate needs of the reader. In some cases, the proposed content is related but is out of context. Someone might be looking for content on the use of sex appeal in advertising, but may receive suggestions on how to increase their sex appeal.
While the internet is here to stay, its form will keep on evolving. One of the points that Griffith raises is that the suggestion of content is going to become more popular with search engine services and online advertising platforms. Therefore, companies that offer predictive advertising services such as Taboola and Outbrain must take into account the needs of their consumers.
Otherwise, they risk falling into disrepute and losing the value of their brands. This situation indicates that a communication gap is present in online advertising. When it comes to predictive analytics, content is just as important as context.
Reaction to the Article Content suggestions by Taboola and Outbrain have become ubiquitous across the internet. These two companies have indeed developed a very interesting model for content delivery to people across the internet. They boast that they intend to expose consumers to the content of interest that they may never have found through conventional search engines.
Reading this article helps one to understand how these two companies work. The understanding is that the content presented in the content suggestion boxes belonging to these two companies eases the decision by consumers regarding which links to click.
We will write a custom Essay on Outbrain and Taboola Companies Service Marketing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Secondly, the services usually present some awkward suggestions that are potentially embarrassing if one is browsing in public. The titles of some of the content are very outlandish and seem calculated to attract attention at all costs. People around you may think that you are visiting a questionable website based on the way the website presents the suggested content from Taboola and Outbrain.
In this sense, the article by Griffith captures the salient issues regarding the need to meet the needs of consumers in the context of online advertising. In other words, companies like Taboola and Outbrain should work even harder to close the communication gap between them and the consumers of their services. In this sense, consumers should be empowered to decide whether they want to see the content suggested by Taboola and Outbrain.
Works Cited Griffith, Erin. “How Taboola and Outbrain are battling a bad reputation and each other.” 2014. Fortune. Web. 20 August 2013.
Zeithaml, Valarie A, Mary Jo Bitner and Dwayne D Gremler. Services Marketing: Intergrating Customer Focus Across the Firm. New York, NY: McGraw Hill, 2013. Print.
History: Orientalism in the American Society Essay college admissions essay help
American society is one of the most diverse in the world as people of all cultural and ethnic backgrounds come to the USA in their search for a better life. Andrea Smith notes that these people often face certain hostility as Americans are not friendly and may have a quite distorted view on people coming from other countries.
The author notes that the society is not unified as different groups and minorities alienate themselves from the rest of the society, and their fight for their rights becomes less effective (Smith 67). The author singles out three pillars which create tension within the American society. Orientalism/War is the pillar that got a second life after 9/11 and other terrorist attacks and has contributed to the creation of tension in the US.
Some believe that terroristic attacks made Americans adopt an image of a terrorist who is Muslim fighting against the rest of the civilized world. However, this is not a decisive factor which led to the development of such an image. Smith claims that western civilization has developed a specific view on people of the Middle East and Asia. Western people saw oriental culture exotic, but it was still inferior and hostile in their opinion.
This idea is manifested in a variety of crusades when Christians thought they had the right to intervene in the affairs of nations living in the eastern part of the world. International terrorism is also an outcome of the idea of orientalism as people of the East started avenging people of the West.
Apart from military conflicts and wars, Orientalism is apparent in Americans’ daily life. Hostility and fear contribute greatly to the emerging misunderstanding between Americans and people of various countries of the Middle East and Asia. For instance, Whites do not understand religious beliefs or traditions of other ethnic groups.
It is possible to assume that Whites are simply unwilling to try to understand others as they continue thinking that they are superior to others. Of course, different traditions may be perceived differently. However, if people knew more about other cultures, this misunderstanding could be eliminated from US society.
Smith also notes that ethnic minorities could achieve more goals in their fight against discrimination if they collaborated and interacted with other ethnic groups (73).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author stresses that Muslims often use the same patterns as whites do and feel certain hostility to other minorities (Smith 73). Thus, Orientalism in the American society makes people of the East adopt a defensive behavioral pattern as they have to prove they are superior or equal with the rest of the society.
In conclusion, it is possible to state that Orientalism has become one of the factors contributing to the development of tension within American society. At that, people coming from the East often alienate themselves from the rest of society and try to focus on their traditions.
Nonetheless, one of the best ways to diminish tension in society is to start a debate involving all people. All Americans (irrespective of the race, ethnicity, religion, and so on) have to share their views and tell others about their culture. Americans have to understand that they are all truly equal. The concept of Orientalism has to be forgotten and eliminated from US society as it leads to tension and disparity among Americans.
Works Cited Smith, Andrea. “Heteropatriarchy and the Three Pillars of White Supremacy.” Color of Violence. Ed. INCITE! Women of Color Against Violence. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 2006. 66-73. Print.
Film Studies “Fly, Penguin” Essay (Movie Review) argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Assignment One: Stories of Human Rights First Response
According to the article “If You Were Me: Human Rights Discourses and Transnational Crossings in South Korean Omnibus Films”, an informed understanding of injustice, discrimination, and social marginality will address most of the problems encountered by different citizens.
The article by Diffrient goes further to explain why many omnibus films in the country water down the language of human rights. According to Diffrient, disrespect of other people’s feelings, narrow-mindedness, and chauvinism are inefficient towards satisfying the requirement of human support and intervention.
The above statement is agreeable because most of the efforts towards better humanitarian interventions are inadequate. According to me, Korea needs new efforts in order to deal with most of the above issues.
The decision by the HRC of Korea to commission the film “Fly, Penguin” shows how the country has failed to support the rights of different citizens. Korean films do not support the needs of many citizens in the country. This is the reason why I am agreeing with the above statement by Diffrient.
New efforts are relevant towards supporting every unfortunate member of society. However, the film does not achieve most of the above goals. The country encounters many challenges such as forced detention, torture, and continued disintegration of civil liberties. I will agree with the author’s statement because most of the efforts towards better humanitarian interventions are inadequate.
New efforts are relevant towards dealing with most of the above issues. The film does a commendable job because it addresses most of the issues affecting the people of Korea. The film presents the most appropriate strategies for dealing with such challenges. The film also makes it easier for the reader to identify the major issues affecting different individuals in society. New efforts and attempts are required to support the rights of different individuals.
The article “If You Were Me: Human Rights Discourses and Transnational Crossings in South Korean Omnibus Films” explains why Korea should promote political activism in order to address the challenges encountered by marginalized citizens.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The series “If You Were Me” encourages the society to examine every malpractice encountered in the country. Such malpractices violate different human rights in the country. Some of these malpractices include discrimination and socio-cultural inequality. The important thing is for the government to improve the living conditions of its people.
According to the author, narrow-mindedness, chauvinism, and disrespect of other people’s feelings are inefficient towards satisfying the requirement of human support and intervention. The Human Rights Commission (HRC) of Korea decided to commission the film “Fly, Penguin” in order to support the stories of human rights. The fictional events presented in the film reflect the experiences and challenges encountered by ordinary Koreans.
The film does not show any effort by society or the government to support different human rights. Many Korean “Stories of Human Rights” have failed to support the needs of different individuals across the country.
The film “Fly, Penguin” seems to explain how narrow-mindedness and chauvinism can be essential and sufficient for supporting various human rights. That being the case, I agree with the statement by Diffrient because the film does not address the issues encountered by many Koreans.
The author of the article uses several stories to explain why many citizens are unable to achieve their objectives. The arguments presented by the author are valid and acceptable. The film does a commendable job because it addresses most of the issues affecting the people of Korea. The film presents the most appropriate strategies towards dealing with such challenges.
Assignment Two: “Fly, Penguin” The film “Fly, Penguin” plays a significant role in supporting the challenges encountered by many people in the country. According to this film, many individuals fail because they lack most of their liberties and rights.
The malpractice has made it impossible for many young individuals to achieve their potentials. Gwon and Song are unable to address most of the challenges affecting them. Seung-Hyun fails to achieve his ambitions because his parents are displeased with him.
We will write a custom Essay on Film Studies “Fly, Penguin” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The title of the film explains why society should support the needs of marginalized persons. The title of the movie is also symbolic. Penguins are gigantic birds. These birds are common in the Southern Hemisphere. Penguins are unique because of their inability to fly.
The title “Fly, Penguin,” explains why the country should be ready to support the changing expectations of its citizens. The film uses penguins to symbolize disabled or disadvantaged individuals in society. The Korean government should be ready to address the issues affecting its people.
The title of the film is significant because it promotes the concept of mobility. The title also explains why the government and other agencies should continue supporting different human rights.
The approach is critical towards promoting gender equality, empowerment, and the provision of adequate education. The film also explains why different humanitarian strategies and approaches will be necessary for addressing the challenges affecting many Korean citizens.
The above film is significant because it encourages our agencies to support mobility and human rights. More motion-picture releases such as the “Fly, Penguin” will ensure the Korean society addresses most of the above issues and challenges.
The title of the film encourages society to confront various challenges such as gender discrimination, racial inequality, and ethnic skirmish. Similar films and motion pictures will make it easier for every society to empower its people.
Wendy’s Restaurant Vice President of Operations Report college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Wendy’s Product Life cycle
Components of Wendy’s Supply Chain Management
Total Quality Management Tool
Just-In-Time Philosophy at Wendy’s
Qualitative and Quantitative Forecasting Methods
Introduction Wendy’s restaurant is the third largest fast-food restaurant in the world (Wendy’s, 2013). It only lags behind Burger King and McDonalds in the selling of the hamburger sandwich. Wendy’s is involved in the business of developing, running, and franchising fast-food restaurants, which serve high-quality foods (Wendy’s, 2013). At the end of 2012, the restaurant had 6186 outlets in North America alone (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 3).
Of those, 1427 restaurants were operated directly by Wendy’s, while the other 4759 outlets were operated by 439 franchises (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 3). Outside North America, Wendy’s has 374 restaurants in 26 countries operated under a franchise system (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 3).
Wendy’s generates its revenues by selling the foods cooked at its restaurants and the products at its bakeries, in addition to the loyalities paid by the franchises operating under its brand (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 3). Wendy’s has also partnered with Tim Hortons Incorporated in a real estate joint venture (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 3).
Wendy’s menu includes hamburger sandwiches, chicken nuggets, french fries, chilli, soft drinks, salads, baked potatoes, kids meals, and frosty desserts (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 4). The chain of restaurants also sells promotional merchandise on a limited time basis (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 4).
The company maintains high quality in the preparation of food by training its employees, doing operational audits, and taking its supervisors for instructive visits (Wendy’s, 2013). The only food the company sells to its franchise stores is sandwich buns. New Barkery Company is owned by Wendy’s and is tasked with the responsibility of supplying buns to some of the restaurant’s branches (Wendy’s, 2013).
As of 2012, Wendy’s hamburgers were supplied across the United States by five independent processors (Wendy’s, 2013). On the other hand, Wendy’s chicken were supplied by six other independent processors in the country (Wendy’s, 2013). The suppliers for raw materials have been operating smoothly with Wendy’s (Wendy’s, 2013).
In 2009, Wendy entered into a deal with it franchises, which is known as the Quality Supply Chain Co-op, Inc (QSCC), to help manage its contracts for the purchase and distribution of foods in the United States and Canada (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 5). QSCC ensures a smooth flow of supplies to minimize absolete inventory along the supply chain in Canada and the United States (Wendy’s, 2013, p. 5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Wendy’s Product Life cycle Firms normally introduce new products to keep up with the competition and changing consumer demands (Stevenson
Case of the Donor Services Department Essay custom essay help
Joanna Reed considered all details of the work of the Donor Services Department and found several issues. She understands that the department is not efficient enough as employees do not understand their roles and do not complete their tasks correctly. Joanna concludes that employees need the training to be able to complete their work properly and avoid any errors.
She also believes that the relationships within the department are not adequate as the employees do not respect their supervisor. At the same time, the supervisor lacks experience. Some employees are quite reluctant to work and often spend time talking while others are overwhelmed by the workload. Joanna thinks it is necessary to distribute tasks in a more efficient way. She also notices that the outline of the office is not efficient.
Since the number of employees in the department will increase, Joanna should recommend Sam to implement the change. In the first place, it is possible to start with the office layout. Elena (who has official visitors) should have a separate space (or a separate room) to avoid a lot of distraction as visitors often talk with other employees. It is also necessary to provide separate spaces for employees who complete similar tasks.
Employees need training, and it is essential to launch training sessions. More so, it is crucial to make sure that all workers understand their roles and their competences. Furthermore, employees should get tasks corresponding to their skills and experience. It is also possible to launch some team-building training to improve the atmosphere within the department. Finally, it is essential to work on motivation.
Translators may get training (if necessary) and work with English-speaking visitors. At that, there is minimum translation now, and the work completed by other employees should be delegated to translators.
Sam and Jose are inspirational leaders, but their style is laissez-faire. Leaders of this kind give a lot of freedom to their employees. Thus, Sam relies on Jose, who completes a part of his work exceptionally but lacks for attention to details concerning administrative work. Jose also relies on Elena and prefers spending time in the field working with people. Employees respect Sam and Jose.
However, this leadership style can be used with highly professional and trained employees who can work without supervision. This is not the case with the department in question. Elena is meticulous and does her job well. She sees the flaws of other employees but she does not want to confront them. Elena’s leadership style is democratic and sometimes laissez-faire. She tries to help employees and she listens to their ideas and complaints.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, Elena does not exercise authority in the department and does not want to take hard decisions. In this department, these leadership styles will not work as employees lack for training, experience and ability to work in a team. Performance of employees and the entire department is poor, as a result.
It is possible to use autocratic style to develop a team of professionals and after that, the leader (for instance, Elena) can use democratic or even laissez-faire style.
As has been mentioned above, employees are not motivated enough. In this department, training can be one of the most effective motivation strategies. Employees should know how to work efficiently. Besides, translators should be equally involved in the work with English-speaking visitors.
They can also perform different administrative tasks to assist those who are overwhelmed by paperwork. Magdalena should not complete tasks that are below her level of competence and this will also be a motivation strategy. Clearly, monetary rewards or extra days off can be very motivational as well.
It is also important to handle Juana who shows disrespect and distracts other employees. First, it is necessary to explain to Juana as well as the rest of the employees (especially bilingual ones) that Elena is a highly professional supervisor who can run the office.
These employees should also understand their roles. It is possible to have a conversation with Juana and discuss such issues as respect, authority, subordination, ethics and so on. It can be effective to develop a code of conduct to prevent Juana and other employees from humiliating others. There is no need in firing her as she is a professional who fulfills her tasks properly.
There are some cultural factors affecting the case. One of the issues is religion. Elena practices another religion and other employees often offend her because of this. Admittedly, in Latin America, issues concerning religion are very serious and people pay a lot of attention to it.
We will write a custom Essay on Case of the Donor Services Department specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Apart from this, there is an issue concerning status. Bilingual employees expect to have more well-paid jobs and more respect due to their knowledge of another language. It is important to take this cultural peculiarity when implementing changes in the department. Of course, there is a lot of communication between English-speaking people and locals. This can result in numerous misunderstandings as still the culture of local people differs from that of visitors.
E-Commerce: Mining Data for Better Business Intelligence Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Abstract Business enterprises operate in competitive environments, which compel them to use data mining methodologies to convert unstructured data into information for business intelligence. The data consisting of millions of transactions is used to fragment existing and target markets according to consumer behavior.
Here, the business intelligence information gained from data mining is also used to detect fraud, understand consumer behavior, gain deeper insight into business operations, and to benchmark business operations based on data classification, prediction, and association rules.
Introduction Many organisations struggling to remain competitive in the market use data mining to gain business intelligence information. Business intelligence is important for forecast demand management, supply chain management, cost management, category management, and to exploit existing business intelligence opportunities to improve the core business processes (Giudici 69).
For instance, Intel uses data mining to strategically access business intelligence information, which yields accurate information for effective decision making to enhance value creation opportunities at different strategic levels of the organization (Giudici 89).
Literature review Many organizations have established that data mining is a new powerful tool that has been integrated into the business practices of different firms for analyzing large amounts of unstructured data to discover new and emerging trends in the fiercely competitive markets. Here, business organizations use automatic methods to analyze data from large databases to establish previously unknown patterns of data.
The amounts of business data, which is generated from millions of transactions, cannot be processed promptly using traditional mechanisms. However, with the advent of new technologies, which have high processing powers, large amounts of unstructured raw data can be mined and processed in a short time form large data warehouses (Delmater and Hancock 2).
Intel is one of the examples of firms, which mine data from different data warehouses to evaluate the company’s performance by benchmarking her business processes against successful business practices. The tangible benefits that accrue from lintel’s business processes include the elimination of unnecessary costs using analytical reports to determine the performance and trend of the business.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Data mining process The data mining process consists of data classification, prediction, and association rules.
To ensure that the data, which is mined for business intelligence is used appropriately to meet Intel’s business goals and objectives, Intel first classifies unknown data according to established classification rules. The process includes identifying 90% of the portions of data of the organisation, which has not been classified for current and future use by ensuring that the classification process factors the goals or the purpose for, which the data to be used.
The classification process captures data from different sources in different unstructured forms, which when processes into information is used to determine the economies of scale, switching costs, business capital requirements, the degree of fragmentation and concentration of the business, the potential for globalisation, bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threats of substitutes, business growth rates, the cost advantages of the business, and the degree of intensity of competition (Kudyba and Hoptroff 34).
The data is derived from the millions of transactions involving the suppliers, information about the customers, and the day to day transactions and operations.
Data mining for business intelligence A case in point is Intel. Intel uses data mining to shift through large amounts of data to establish the relationship between data sets, anomalies in business activities, significant business facts and patterns, existing and emerging trends, and to make decisions on the approach to use to make sales.
In addition, it is used to determine product ranges, establish and develop better marketing strategies, and determine the strategic approaches for creating customer royalties (Sofaer 23).
Market segmentation is used by companies to determine and classify customers with the same buying behavior.
We will write a custom Research Paper on E-Commerce: Mining Data for Better Business Intelligence specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, the data provides accurate predictions of trends of loyal customers for competitors to predict and avoid customer churn, determine fraudulent transactions, identify the most appropriate interactive marketing strategies, establish the purchasing trends of customers, and establish the purchasing trends and behavior of the customers (Larson 39).
Sources of data Organisations look for different sources of data, which is mined to address different business needs in different environments and the typical sources of data include website data mining, journals, and e-commerce stores. Such data can be precious when launching new products into the market.
Problem statement Many business organisations make inaccurate decisions because they have not integrated data mining tools to make real time and accurate information to establish, predict, and determine accurately the market segments, detect fraud, and determine the marketing strategies for effective decision making.
To address the problem, this study will analyse the data mining processes, and its benefits, which organisations use as a source of business intelligence reports for accurate and effective decision making.
Objectives Determine how organisations use data mining as a tool to generate business intelligence information
Identify the data mining process that is used by organisations to organise unstructured data for decision making
To determine areas where organizations can use data mining for effective decision making
Scope The scope of the study is to cover study data mining as a process, the areas where data mining can be applied in business organizations, its use in business organizations such as Intel, and the sources of data that is used in data mining.
Research Methodology (Qualitative) The method of inquiry used to achieve the objectives of the study was qualitative research method (Sofaer 45). The method allowed the use of Intel and an example to build the study and the literature on data mining for business intelligence to analyze the findings.
Model The research model consists of the process for data mining, the use of a typical real-world example, which use data mining to organize unstructured data into information for business intelligence as graphically presented below
Results and Analysis The results of the qualitative study, which were based on the objectives and scope of the study, are discussed below.
Not sure if you can write a paper on E-Commerce: Mining Data for Better Business Intelligence by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Objective one
The results of the study showed that business organisations use data mining for business intelligence, which is crucial for determining the current patterns of data consumer behavior.
Intel is one example of the companies, which combine different technologies, architectures and methodologies to mine data for business intelligence, which is used for accurate decision making, which is necessary for conducting cost effective business transactions. In addition, the study shows that Intel uses the data to benchmark its business operations and performance to determine the benefits that accrue from its business operations.
The data mining process that companies use to accurately organise unstructured data into business intelligence information includes classifying the data into known and unknown categories. The known category of data exists in established patterns and the unknown category of data has to be organised into specific patterns using the rules that for classifying the data into the known categories.
The prediction process is used to establish the probability of the certain business trends such as the changing buyer behavior according to the dynamic business environment.
Gradually, the association rules are used to determine what and why certain actions have to be performed to achieve business goals and objectives.
Data mining provides business intelligence information that can be used to make decisions to determine the right market segments, marketing strategies, to detect instances of fraud, and determine the rate of customer turnover to other business competitors (Howson 75).
Conclusions The motivation for the study was to determine the rationale for using data mining as a strategic business tool for business intelligence. It was established that data mining is a crucial tool that competing organisations such as Intel use to organise millions of unstructured business transactions into information to influence decision making.
The study showed that data mining can be used to determine market competiveness, consumer behavior, market segmentation, market trends, marketing strategies, and customer movements.
The approach used automated predictions and discovery mechanisms to organise unknown patterns of data into information for decision making. Here, the benefits from the study included Information integration, enhanced presentation capabilities, insight creation, better organisational memory, benchmarking, and effective decision making.
Works Cited Delmater, Rhonda, and M. Hancock. Data mining explained: a manager’s guide to customer-centric business intelligence. New York, Digital Press, 2001. Print.
Giudici, Paolo. Applied data mining: statistical methods for business and industry. New York: John Wiley
Literature Studies: Toni Morrison’s Story Essay essay help free
Introduction Toni Morrison tells a story of coming home. Her protagonist and his sister have to make a long trip to their home as well as to their selves. Frank had loads of terrifying experiences during the war and in his postwar life. His sister, Cee, almost died, and this experience also made her reconsider her views.
These experiences change a person. Howa ever, Frank and Cee also had to endure moments of shame and remorse that made them more determined to find themselves and come home.
It is possible to note that Morrison’s characters had to go through moments of shame and remorse too, finally, understand who they are, and their experience (whatever short or insignificant they might seem) may help me become a better person who can stand up to certain and change the world for better.
Frank and Cee Frank’ Experience
Frank had to live through a lot of horrible moments but a moment associated with the little Korean girl made a very strong impression on him. Frank saw that “barefoot escapee” when he was on duty, and he had quit mixed feelings (Morrison 11). There was a pity (as the wretched child was miserable) and some degree of disgust (as she was scavenging garbage).
It is noteworthy that he was unsure as to how to react. However, when another soldier killed the poor girl, Frank was bewildered. He did not try to save her. Clearly, in this episode, Frank was not responsible for the girl’s death as he did not kill her. Nevertheless, he felt severe remorse since he did not prevent the murder.
This short episode had a profound effect on Frank and made him come back home and find himself. Frank never forgot the murder of the girl and his inability to act. He went on living “beat up with shame” (Morrison 77). Notably, this shame made him start his quest and save another little girl, his sister (as he was attached to this young woman who was always a little girl for him). He started thinking about his life and the sense of it.
Frank turned back the shameful memory and, eventually, he understood that “maybe his life had been preserved for Cee” (Morrison 34). The shame became a potent force that made the man be bold and find his sister, his home and his self. It is necessary to add that Cee was the link between him and his home as well as his real self.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cee and Her Experience
Cee also experienced some shameful moments but one of the most painful ones was the end of her relationship with Prince who betrayed her hopes. Cee strived for “a shiny life in the city” (Morrison 49). She thought she had anything she ever wanted as she was with the man she loved and he took her to her dream life. She thought the city life was best for her. However, the man betrayed her and she was left alone.
This shame also made the young woman understand that she could not be home in the city as she did not belong there. The undeserving man abandoned her, and this is a shame any woman tries to avoid and/or escape. The end of the relationship and events that followed were Cee’s first steps on her path to her real self and her home. Of course, her brother helped her and she, finally, managed to feel she was home.
Personal Experience I also had a shameful experience that was quite short and could pass unnoticed. I have to note that I am not very attentive and rarely paid attention to what is going on around me. In my childhood, I was even less attentive. I was going in a subway car at rush hour. I had my backpack in my hands as I could not possible have it on my back. As usual, I was thinking about something pleasant.
My brother was not far from me. Suddenly, I looked down and noticed a hand reaching a woman’s handbag. I was astonished and quite shocked, but intuitively I tried to lift my backpack. The woman who stood beside me also lifted her bag. Luckily, there was a stop, and the hand did not manage to reach the bag. I was really ashamed as I had always thought I was a very brave person. However, in the moment of danger, I turned out to be a coward.
Similar Experiences My Shameful Episode
Reading Morrison’s book made me reconsider my childhood experience. I think Frank’s and my experiences are quite similar. Of course, I did not witness a murder but I almost witnessed a theft that is also a crime. More importantly, I (just as Frank) could have prevented the crime, but I did not do it. Of course, I also felt shame and remorse. I tried to forget this unpleasant experience.
When I read about Frank’s determination, I understood that my unpleasant experience and remorse could also make me a more committed person. I used to think that there was nothing special and I had to forget about it as the theft never happened. Now I understand that it is my duty to be more cautious and try to prevent wrongful actions. I believe that the world can become better if each person is more attentive and responsible.
Frank’s experience and his choices affected my life in a certain way. Frank found his self when he changed his attitude towards his deed. I also changed my opinion as I used to see that episode as a source of remorse and shame, but now I understand that it was a valuable experience.
We will write a custom Essay on Literature Studies: Toni Morrison’s Story specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This experience made me think of a job that could contribute to the development of society or my community. I have not decided yet on the profession I will choose. However, I will make this world better.
Conclusion On balance, it is possible to note that Toni Morrison created two lively characters who teach valuable lessons through their experiences. Thus, I learned that even the shortest and seemingly unimportant episode in a human’s life could have a significant impact on his/her life.
My shameful experience was slight pain and caused some remorse, but the book or rather the story of the young man made me understand that my episode was my first step to my real self. At present, I think I can become more responsible and determined. Perhaps, this determination will save somebody’s property or life and will make the world better.
Works Cited Morrison, Toni. Home. New York, NY: Vintage, 2013. Print.
The Music Band’s Parmalee Promotion Term Paper essay help online
Admittedly, it is crucial to choose the most appropriate visual and verbal message to attract the target audience. The flyers used as well as Facebook posts have to include the most evocative messages which can be created with the help of images, colors, layout and so on.
The band performs country music with some elements of rock. Therefore, it is possible to make focus on such elements as country music, rock, exclusiveness, openness, and closeness. At that, it is crucial to make sure that performers, as well as their albums, will be present at the ads and recognized by the audience.
Thus, it is possible to use a cover page of Parmalee’s album Feels like Carolina (2014). The image is informative and evocative (see figure 1). In the first place, it contains a photo of the performers. Thus, viewers can see their idols and get ‘acquainted’ with them. Notably, the performers are wearing jeans and some shirts which are common for casual style. In fact, this is the clothes Americans wear.
The tattoos and jewelry hints that performers like rock style and their music has elements of this kind of music. Colors used to create a calm atmosphere as green, blue and grey are utilized. Admittedly, these are colors of a calm and relaxed mood. Thus, a feeling of home or a place where one wants to stay is created. Country music is associated with such emotions.
Furthermore, the background of the image is the landscape, which is typical of Carolina as well as other American states. As has been mentioned above, the verbal message is also essential.
There are three simple words at the top of the page, “Feels like Carolina” (Feels like Carolina, 2014). The words are linked to the messages created by the images and layout. It is clear that these guys are making music which is close and understandable to every American’s heart.
The other photo used also creates a calming atmosphere but it adds another meaning as well. The performers are depicted sitting at the table (Parmalee: Home, 2014). It looks like the performers are sitting at someone’s home (see figure 2). Colors are also calm as blue and grey tinges are employed.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the same time, this can be such a setting as a bar or a club. The verbal message enhances the idea of exclusiveness and inclusiveness at the same time. It is clear that people depicted are members of an elite group but they are very friendly and even inviting. Thus, the image also exploits the emotional element. The performers are smiling and look very friendly. This appeals to the audience and people want to join such a friendly elite group.
To sum up, it is possible to state that the choice of photos is effective as they help to communicate major messages to the target audience. The image creates an atmosphere of an inviting and relaxed place where people want to stay. It is clear that the band performs country with elements of rock which is close and understandable for Americans.
Reference List Feels like Carolina [Image]. (2014). Retrieved from http://parmalee.com/releases/
Parmalee: Home [Image]. (2014). Retrieved from http://parmalee.com/
Appendix Figure 1. Feels like Carolina
Figure 2. VIP ALL ACCESS.
Film Studies: Chilsu and Mansu by Park Kwang-su Essay (Movie Review) essay help online: essay help online
The film Chilsu and Mansu directed by Park Kwang-su throws light on the experiences of two men who are both economically and politically marginalized. This movie incorporates the elements of different genres, and this approach can give readers better insights into the worldviews of the protagonists, their emotional problems, and their discontent.
Furthermore, this movie shows how two people try to emphasize their masculinity. To a great extent, the authors of this film explore the opinions of young Korean people who did not benefit from the rapid economic growth of their country. These are the main issues that can be identified.
To some degree, this movie can be viewed as a melodrama. This issue is particularly relevant if one speaks about the relations between Chilsu and a girl, named Jina. The protagonist understands that it would be extremely difficult for him to remain with her because she has more opportunities for achieving a higher status in the society. This is one of the reasons why he experiences discontent and despair. This theme is an important element of this film.
Additionally, the dramatic aspects of this movie are particularly important if one speaks about the relations between Chilsu and his sister who is disowned by the parents. Apart from that, this film incorporates the elements of a farce. This comedic effect is partly produced by Chilsu’s attempts to produce a strong impression on Jina.
He tries to look like a well-to-do person. However, these attempts are not convincing. To some degree, this person evokes compassion or empathy. Thus, one can say that the film represents various genres, and this technique is skillfully applied.
Additionally, this film has the elements of the so-called buddy movie. In other words, this film focuses on the relations between two males who struggle with various emotional problems. Chilsu and Mansu are individuals who want to show that they are able to act in a courageous way. To a great extent, they want to highlight their masculinity. This is one of the reasons why they enter into conflict with authorities.
It should be noted that the film-makers depict the time when Korea was only passing through the period of dramatic political transformation, but it was not a fully democratic country. Therefore, the protagonist could face significant risks by confronting governmental officials. This is one of the points that should be considered.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, one should speak about the ending of this film. The main characters protest near the billboard that they just completed. These people want to express their disagreement with the social and political status quo.
The film-director chooses such an ending because it shows how Korean youth perceived the dramatic transformation of their country and its economic development. In many cases, these people could be bitterly frustrated. More importantly, such people as Chilsu and Mansu could be simply marginalized by the society.
On the whole, this discussion indicates that the film Chilsu and Mansu can be viewed as a thought-provoking cinematographic work which can show how people try to adjust to the changing social conditions.
The film incorporates different genres, and this approach enables film-makers to explore the inner world of the main characters, their desires, and attitudes. This movie illustrates the cultural transformation of Korea during the late eighties. These are some of the main details that can be singled out.
The Ford-Firestone Brawl Company’s Decision Essay college admissions essay help
Why Ford might have decided to continue with the production of the Explorer SUV despite its own studies showing that the vehicle was unstable?
The decision made by Ford to carry on with the production of the ‘Ford-Explorer’ also known as a Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV) was grounded on the returns generated for the firm through the sale of SUVs. The firm’s market demand for SUV had increased across the globe. Thus, considering the improved market demand for the new SUV, Ford wanted a faster and cheaper way to produce the commodity.
However, such decisions to continue with the production of the SUV despite being unstable were mainly based on the aspect of time saving as well as meeting the targeted production capacities to satiate the market demand. Ford knew that delayed production of the SUV would give leeway for market competition (Brooks
Religious Studies: the Protestant Reformation Report (Assessment) college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Protestant Reformation was an overhaul of Catholicism, which occurred in the 1500s. The Roman Catholic church was embroiled in a conflict with the protestants over church doctrines.
Purists from the West objected to the running of the Catholic church. In fact, the purists were against issues like the sale of indulgence and divine priesthood, among others. Other issue included access to the Holy Bible. This paper will explore religious occurrences in the 1500s. In addition, the paper will provide four main reasons for choosing protestant in the 1500’s Europe (Wilson 1).
Discussion Firstly, Catholicism considered priests as divine in their ministry. This belief did not resonate well with the protestants. The latter wanted priests to be considered ordinary and liable to mistakes. However, based on the pope’s argument, the priesthood was a reserve of a few.
Further regulations that the priests could not marry made it difficult for protestants to join the priesthood. Priesthood infringed on people’s right to marry. Moreover, Catholic priests wanted rich lifestyles; this made it difficult for them to focus on evangelism. Therefore, protestants could be considered superior in this regard (Hodges 1).
Secondly, protestants allowed worshippers to access Bible for spiritual gain. By enhancing access to the Bible, protestants promoted understanding of this book through religious study. On the other hand, the Roman Catholic doctrines did not permit people to read the Bible or get a copy of it.
The pope wanted the Bible to be in one language only (Latin). In this regard, Catholicism wanted to control people, as well as dictate their religious groupings. This was quite damaging to the spread of the gospel, which aimed at reaching every nation and language as directed by Jesus Christ before his ascension (Hodges 1).
Thirdly, the forgiveness of sins also became controversial in the Roman Catholic church. People’s sins could be forgiven by paying money or donating to the church. Moreover, the Catholic Church believed that forgiveness of sins could also be achieved through prayers. This belief was wrong since it encouraged people to commit sins and compensate it through donations to the churches.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, people would just confess their sins to the priests and believe that they would be forgiven. According to protestants, sins could only be forgiven by God or Jesus. Protestants’ argument resonated well with the scriptures. In essence, the sale of indulgence was improper in Catholicism (Zucker and Beth 1).
Finally, Catholic church members assumed that one had to go through a priest to meet God. This action restricted worshipers from reaching God. Additionally, this technique was also used to deny worshippers the right to read the Bible.
However, protestants’ insistence on God as omnipresent enabled worshippers to meet God at a personal level. Catholicism’s assertion that only the priest could find God was wrong. In essence, reaching God at a personal level enabled people to worship him whenever necessary (Zucker and Beth 1).
Conclusion Protestant Reformation in the 1500s ushered in a blood bath between Catholics members and Protestants. Sale of indulgence was of great significance to Catholicism while the protestants remained strong in pursuing what they considered pure.
Nonetheless, it should be noted that the sale of indulgences, the role of priests, the definition of God and his ability to be omnipresent, as well as access to the Bible, among others, was unacceptable in the true body of Christ. In this regard, Protestant was a better choice than Catholicism in 1500’s Europe.
Works cited Hodges, Miles. THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION (Early 1500s to Mid 1600s). 2002. Web. 6 Jul. 2014. .
Wilson, John. The Reformation in Europe (1500-1700). 6 Jul. 2014. Web. 6 Jul. 2014. .
We will write a custom Assessment on Religious Studies: the Protestant Reformation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Zucker, Steven and Harris Beth. 1500-1600- End of the Renaissance and the Reformation. 6 Jul. 2014. Web. 6 Jul. 2014. .
Film Studies: Nowhere to Hide and Aimless Bullet Essay (Movie Review) college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Masculinity The sets of masculinities depicted by the subject characters (Detective Woo, Detective Kim and Sungmin) are coherent with those of the corrupt cops and the robbers as well as the crime incidences. First, the movie titled as Nowhere to Hide relays an outstanding attribute where crimes arise from the male characters.
On the other hand, the investigators are aspired by the rise of the crimes that dictate the roles of detectives in the society. Essentially, men assume the role of serving and solving the recurring occurrences (Seung, 2005). In various instances, the interrogation of the suspects involves fierce strategies while retrieving information. The violence is apparent when a suspect is a male, which leads to bloodshed as men do not release information easily.
Other instances of masculinity observed within the movie involve fighting between the men. They use power and strength to achieve their aims. This aspect is not only revealed by the detectives while arresting suspects, but also by the suspects and robbers.
The outstanding character of Detective Woo is on his guts and fearlessness to face the prevailing situation. Even though the detective is not too bright, his partner (Detective Kim) becomes the exact opposite with a great reasoning capacity. The two characters are challenged with the intelligent, resourceful, daring, and skilled villain namely Sungmin.
Editing and Visual Effects The movie uses various repeated tactics involving the application of classic Korean music fitted into the right contexts of leisure experienced by the characters (Seung, 2005). For instance, the rock music performed by Cherry Filter has been used in it.
Nowhere to Hide Masculinity
The characters of the film titled as Nowhere to Hide relays various personalities of masculine nature. These personalities are revealed by the instances where men take major roles in committing crimes. There are aspects of untrustworthiness where cops associate with the robbers for personal benefits.
Furthermore, the most pertinent villain namely Sungmin is a man who does not only fight with Detective Woo and Detective Kim, but he also harbors illegal crime networks preserved through confidentiality and loyalty from his followers. The cops and the robbers are involved in fights amidst themselves. These masculine characters have been portrayed throughout the movie as crucial aspects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The detectives fight out of anger while bringing the male suspects into custody. This trait is also practical when the detectives try to retrieve information from the suspects. On other instances, it is evident that Sungmin has the guts to act against the law through such actions as killing people and robbing (Seung, 2005).
This personality is coherent with the one of Detective Woo who does not care about the consequences of investigating against the law. He assumes that his goal is to protect the public and eliminate the villains by any possible strategy. However, Detective Kim is reasonable and cares about these legal strategies.
Editing and Visual Effects
The organization of this movie from the analysis of the basic issues of crime activities is not fully coherent. For instance, it is not clear why Sungmin becomes the most pertinent villain among others. Probably, the director can show why the prevailing crime being discussed is more vital in the movie than others.
However, there is a strategic placement of classic music within the episodes and clear pictures edited in a contextual manner. These are backed with quality soundtracks among other features. The movie has been recorded in a real context without much enhanced editing except at the instances of matching clips and inserting the minor attributes such as words.
Assignment 2 Comforts and Consequences
The movie titled Aimless Bullet depicts the various attributes characterizing family struggles and the part played by each person (Shin, 2005). For instance, Song Chul-ho takes responsibility of the extended family, since he is the oldest brother. The responsibility becomes overwhelming, since his income is low to sustain the whole family.
This responsibility disallows the chance to treat the dental problems, arouses differences between the brothers, and forces the younger sister towards prostitution. The young brother is not bothered about the needs of the family. Therefore, he plays as the villain who disorients the moods of other family members at his comfort. Essentially, he rarely bothers about his efforts in securing a job that can provide for him as well as the whole family.
The pregnant wife of Song is worried about the well-being of the husband (Jeong, 2006). However, the husband assumes that everything is going on properly to avoid stressing her during the pregnancy. Furthermore, the children do not only demand their father to provide for them, but also seek him to create time for family leisure.
We will write a custom Essay on Film Studies: Nowhere to Hide and Aimless Bullet specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is apparent that the younger brother is comfortable because the family responsibilities are at the hands of another person. The younger sister becomes a prostitute due to bad company (Shin, 2005). Whereas all these occurrences appear, the mother of Song has not been considered to have real comforts as she suffers from a mental illness. Her comfort is dependent on the assistances that she gets from the family members.
References Jeong, K. (2006). Nation Rebuilding and Postwar South Korean Cinema: The Coachman and The Stray Bullet. Journal of Korean Studies, 11(1), 127-162.
Seung, H. (2005). Toward a strategic Korean cinephilia: a transnational hollywood melodrama. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Shin, J. (2005). Globalisation and New Korean Cinema. Edinburgh University Press, 4(11), 51-62
Criminology Issues in Chicago Proposal college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Program Design and Narrative
Proposed Method of Implementation
Introduction Chicago, sometimes called “the Windy City”, is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the country; however, it also does have its share of crime resulting in the need to protect witnesses to ensure that a proper prosecution of criminals is implemented.
The city is divided into a standard grid with the financial business district located in the city center with areas related to manufacturing such as factories and warehouses located within the outskirts of the city with various apartment buildings, malls and government offices radiating out from the center. Roughly an hour away from the city, are the various sub-urban districts which consist of middle to high income families.
All in all, Chicago is quite similar to many of the major metropolitan centers of the country with its only distinction being its rather strong weather patterns and higher amounts of factories that are located near the city center as compared to areas such as Manhattan and L.A. that have their factories located farther out from the city.
Problem statement One of the current problems when it comes to dealing with organized crime syndicates within the city is the fact that they have the propensity of “silencing witnesses” (i.e. killing them) in order to ensure that a conviction is not implemented.
It is due to this that proper witness protection programs need to be implemented to ensure that witnesses continue to survive until they are needed and for a time after a conviction has been made to ensure that they continue to stay alive.
Program Design and Narrative The program design focuses on using a series of apartments located in the central business district of the city to hide the witnesses in plain sight. The logic behind this plan is that most of the apartments located near the central business district are popular and frequently trafficked, as such, this results in a considerable amount of private security already implemented within the area (Bhuckory, 2013).
It should also be noted that by placing witnesses in apartments located within the city itself, this helps to limit the amount of distance between them and the courthouse. The end result is a decrease in the potential for the witness to be killed on the way to the location.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Proposed Method of Implementation The proposed method of implementation is actually quite simple; the apartments will be bought under a pseudonym by the Chicago Police Department using the $500,000 in funds that will be provided. Once the apartments have been bought, witnesses can be brought into the apartment via the basement parking level of the building to avoid people from identifying the witness.
After the witness is safely inside the apartment, a guard detail will be placed to look after the witness while at the same time food will be brought in via a person going out to buy the food instead of having the food delivered to the apartment. This helps to further reduce the potential that someone might see the face of the witness and relay it to the criminal syndicate that might be after them (Employee Whistle Blower Protections, 2014).
Once the court date is near, the witness will be brought to the basement garage of the apartment building and from there they will be transported via a car to the courthouse in order to testify against the criminal in question.
Once a sufficient testimony has been given, the witness will be transported back to the apartment where they will wait for the decision of the jury. After a verdict regarding the criminal case has been successfully pushed through, the witness will be guarded at the apartment for at least 2 more weeks before they will be allowed to go back to their ordinary life.
It is expected that through the implementation of such precautions and with the use of the funds that will be donated, more witnesses will be willing to testify in court against the various criminal syndicates that are operating in Chicago since they will know that they will be safeguarded properly by the police (Paunovió, Staršević
Psychological Disorders Problem Essay best essay help: best essay help
Scientists have several theories on the causes of autism. It is possible to single out three major perspectives: genetics, prenatal development, and postnatal causes. Thus, scientists believe that genetics pays a predominant role in the development of autism though it is still unclear which genes are responsible for the development of this disorder and whether it is inheritable (Mash and Wolfe, 2013).
The next cause which significantly affects the development of the disease is the prenatal environment. Thus, the mother can get ill (especially infectious disease) or be exposed to substances. This can contribute to abnormal development of the fetus and lead to the development of autism. The third cause is rather irrelevant, and it involves infectious disorders of children which cause autism.
Learning disorders are associated with genetic influences, brain connections, and ear infections. Some children with learning disabilities inherit these disorders though scientists are unsure of the way genes are inherited. Distorted brain connections also contribute to the development of learning disabilities.
Hence, dyslexia is strongly correlated with abnormal brain connections (Norton, 2013). Ear infections prevent children from properly hearing and decoding verbal signals and they start lagging behind, become inattentive and so on.
The biopsychosocial model can be used to evaluate a child’s development as all major factors affecting his/her functioning can be taken into account. I believe all these factors are closely connected. For instance, when a child is ill and has to stay home because of a simple cold, his/her mood can worsen.
A child with a disability can develop depression as he/she feels a stranger and a person who is not wanted or even disliked. Admittedly, in less well-to-do families, children can have even greater psychological load due to inability to access high-quality medication or treatment.
Stalking Stalking should be seen as a serious crime as it often leads to homicide. Notably, common victims of stalkers are their intimate partners (Gosselin, 2014). This peculiarity leads to numerous complications. Thus, victims often try to solve the issue without addressing police, which only worsens the situation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The cases Crawford v. Washington and Giles v. California had a certain effect on the court’s response to intimate partner violence (Crawford v. Washington, 2011; Giles v. California, 2011). Offenders were judged in a more strict way as out-of-court testimonials were seen as permissible.
Therefore, prosecutors could gather more substantial evidence to convict offenders of their crimes. This will positively affect the situation as stalkers will have to think twice before they start their illegal actions.
It is necessary to note that stalkers are predominantly males (mostly heterosexual) and almost half of them are Caucasian and single. These characteristic features of a stalker can provide insights into the nature of stalking. First of all, it seems that stalking can be related to the concept of masculinity and possessiveness. Men cannot let their partners go and believe they have the right to force the partners to remain with them.
It is quite surprising that only half of stalkers are single. I have always thought that a stalker is a single often unemployed male with certain psychological disorders. The fact that married or non-single men are stalkers suggests that the problem rooted much deeper.
It is necessary to study the issue to understand what exactly makes stalkers pursue their victims. It is also necessary to implement research to identify possible genetic, psychological, socioeconomic causes of the problem. It can be also interesting to identify the particular reason why females rarely resort to stalking.
Memory, Information, Sleep It is possible to single out three major types of memory: short-term, long-term memory and sensory memory (Types of memory, 2010). Sensory memory enables people to remember information for a second and it cannot be prolonged even with the help of rehearsal. Short-term memory lasts for a minute but can be prolonged though rehearsal. Long-term memory stores information for an indefinite time, for whole life, for example.
Long-term memory can be explicit or implicit. The former is unconscious and the latter s conscious. Explicit memory is all about events and facts. People can easily retrieve it consciously. Implicit memory is often related to body movements and skills, for example, playing the guitar, riding a bike and so on.
We will write a custom Essay on Psychological Disorders Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Information is transferred from one hemisphere to the other with the help of small commissures (Kalat, 2013). Anterior, posterior and hippocampal commissure are involved in this transfer. Information transfer from one hemisphere to the other is essential for proper functioning of a human body as one skill or action may require impulses from both hemispheres.
Sleep is closely connected with depression. Lack of sleep can cause depression and, vice versa; depression often leads to insomnia (Kalat, 2013). It has been acknowledged that lack of sleep leads to the development of numerous psychological disorders as the brain is not fully restored. Depression is often associated with anxiety and insomnia which worsen the patient’s condition.
There are two major types of depression treatment: the use pharmaceuticals and cognitive behavioral therapy. Drugs provide certain elements to the brain to block depressive mood. As far as I am concerned, it is better to identify reasons for depression and try to help the patient cope with his/her issues. Dependence on drugs will not help people live full lives and solve numerous issues our life has to offer.
Reference List Crawford v. Washington. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2003/2003_02_9410
Giles v. California. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2007/2007_07_6053
Gosselin, D.K. (2014). Heavy hands: An introduction to the crimes of family violence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Kalat, J.W. (2013). Biological psychology. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
American Architecture “Fallingwater” Essay essay help site:edu
A building that amazingly combines the elements of Feng Shui, the Chinese philosophy of harmony, and the designing solutions, which serve as the characteristics of the Western esthetics, Fallingwater is one of the most famous buildings in the history of the American architecture.
Wright, however, clearly preferred the postulates of the Chinese wisdom of the Feng Shui philosophy (Fiero 21) to the pragmatic concepts of Western architecture. A single look at the building is enough to understand that the house is supposed to represent the universal harmony that the Feng Shui philosophy is based on. To be more specific, the spaciousness of the house allows for the flow of positive energy, which is known in the Chinese philosophy as chi.
However, by far the greatest step towards creating an environment where Feng Shui principles rule, the incorporation of such crucial elements of the Feng Shui philosophy as earth and water must be mentioned. Indeed, a closer look at the building and its location will reveal that the building is located in close proximity to the waterfall of Bear Run and the Mill Run River.
As far as the earth symbol of the Feng Shui philosophy is concerned, it is represented by the location of the house, i.e., the land that the Fallingwater rests on, as well as the numerous trees that it is surrounded with.
Thus, the very environment of the place predetermines a perfect flow of chi in accordance with the Chinese philosophy and the concept of “organic architecture”. In a way, the look of the house is quite similar to the structure of a Japanese Pagoda; the same multilayered structure is the key feature of the latter.
The design of the interior and exterior of the house also aligns with the key principles of Feng Shui, particularly, with the concept of oneness and the principle of energy circulation. Speaking of the exterior of the house, one must mention its shape.
The first detail that falls into one’s eye immediately is the clever use of shape, as well as unique line work. The curvy shape of the exterior allows for creating an impression of the additional spaciousness and, therefore, the feeling of openness, which is quite alien to the Western culture and the Western principles of architecture.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The same can be said about the interior of the building (Fiero 21). In contrast to the traditional Western principles of architecture, FLW did not attempt at making the elements of the urban design evident; quite on the contrary, every single design choice seemed to conceal any presence of civilization and create an illusion of the nature taking over the place completely.
For example, the low level, at which the elements of the house furniture were located, could be interpreted as a means to bring the element of the earth closer to the resident of the Fallingwater. Likewise, most of the elements that are crucial for the household, including kitchen utensils, bathroom, etc., were made barely visible, while the concepts that were supposed to marry nature and civilization were constantly on a display.
Finally, such detail as color should be noted to add to the impression of Fallingwater being the representation of the Feng Shui philosophy. There is no need to stress that urban architecture traditionally does not presuppose active use of bright colors quite, on the contrary, most of the latter are rather inexpressive.
However, the choice of colors that are traditionally made by urban architects does not align with the palette used for Fallingwater either. Instead of using the colors that remind of steel, concrete and other elements of the urban design, FLW chose the palette that could mask the house as a part of the landscape. For example, the outside of the house is barely visible on the background, with grayish and brownish color cast reminding of stone and wood.
The interior also reminds one of the woods; however, inside the house, the colors are slightly more saturated. Thus, the yin (the darker and the subordinate element) and yang (the lighter and the superior element) are intertwined and incorporated into the overall design of the house interior.
One might argue that the darker colors, which the design of the interior is based on, may create a rather gloomy atmosphere; however, inside the house, the colors are also balanced in a very original way.
Unlike the walls, the ceiling and the floor of the house, the furniture is of much lighter color shade, from walnut to ivory. As a result, the contrast between the designs of the aforementioned interior elements is far from striking, yet it still creates a unique peaceful mood.
We will write a custom Essay on American Architecture “Fallingwater” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It seems that the Fallingwater house and property require very expensive maintenance and preservation procedures. However, it would be wrong to consider Fallingwater a waste of money. Instead, it should be viewed as a cultural heritage of the era and the amazing brainchild of a genius architect. Despite the costs, Fallingwater is the building that is worth preserving.
Works Cited Fiero, Gloria. The Humanistic Tradition, Book 6: Modernism, Postmodernism, and the Global Perspective. New York City, NY: McGraw-Hill Humanities. 2010. Print.
Psychology Issues: Asperger Syndrome Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Possible causes of this disorder
Introduction This research paper is aimed at analyzing such a disorder as Asperger syndrome. In particular, it is necessary to examine the diagnostic criteria according to which medical workers can identify this illness. Secondly, one should discuss possible causes of this disorder. Furthermore, much attention should be paid to current treatments that can be used by educators and therapists in order to assist children or adolescents.
The understanding of this disorder can be valuable to many professionals. It should be noted that Asperger syndrome can usually be diagnosed between the ages of five and ten (Stanford, 2002, p. 28). One should also bear in mind that in the United States, there are more than a million people who can have this disease (Baker
Medicine Issues: Emphysema’ Disease Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
The increasing dilemma of dealing with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), as an empirical research asserts, is the major challenge that the primary care physicians and their counterparts, medical specialists currently face. COPD refer to the two lung complications, that is, emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
This is asserted because both diseases are characterized by obstructing the smooth flow of air through the trachea into the lungs, thus interfering with the normal breathing process, and the two diseases normally coexists.
However, to narrow down into emphysema, Emphysema aptly defines it as a long-term persistent lung infection that is marked by over enlargement and shrinking of lung-like sores in the lungs muscles (par. 1). Since in such conditions the carbon IV Oxide is confined in the lung-like blisters, each new breath to supply the lungs with fresh air needed by an individuals’ body, thrusts the air truck walls outwards upon each fresh breath.
As the process continues over a period, the difficulty in air transfers arises, thereby causing expansion of the lungs. The lungs then losses the elasticity, and eventually the process destroy the lung tissues. This leads to the retention of high volume of carbon IV Oxide in this respiration organ, thereby shrinking the space for clean air.
As a result, the condition makes an individual to suffer from shortness of breath (Emphysema par. 2). The major muscle used for breathing, that is, the diaphragm flattens. Consequently, the diaphragm does not perform its functions as expected.
Causes of emphysema Even though medical practitioners, authors and medical researchers across the world admit that emphysema is majorly caused by smoking, the University of Michigan Health System points out that the dreaded diseases can be because of either one or a combination of cigarette smoking, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, or Air pollution (Emphysema par. 4).
Smoking of cigarettes changes the operation and alignment of lungs, thereby enlarging them and eventually losing their elasticity. As noted, smoking of cigarettes augments the amount of inflammatory cells in a smoker’s respiratory organ; the increased cells discharge enzymes, which damage the tissues of the lungs (Emphysema par. 4).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Because of the excess enzymes and other products, the lungs develop bullae and, at the same time, lose its elasticity, thus resulting in emphysema.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
Apart from smoking of cigarettes, the University of Michigan Health System notes that Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is another common cause of this chronic disease. However noted as a cause, in comparison to smoking, the deficiency is said to be of negligible volume.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin, as the University of Michigan Health System indicates, is a natural protein that circulates in the blood in order to keep the white blood cells from harming the regular tissues. Where the Alpha-1 antitrypsin are deficient, which in most cases are genetic condition, the white blood cells continually damage the lung tissues, thereby resulting in emphysema (Emphysema par. 6).
However, empirical research declares that individuals with Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency have high chances of developing the chronic complication at a tender age.
Exposure to poor environmental conditions such as air pollution and second hand smoking is suggested by several studies to also contribute to the cause of emphysema.
Sign and symptoms of emphysema These include shortness of breath, wheezing, a barrel shaped chest, fatigue and a continued loss of weight.
Treatment of emphysema According to the University of Michigan Health System, treatment for emphysema can be accorded in different ways, such as the use of bronchodilators, steroids, antibiotics, and oxygen. Nonetheless, empirical research shows that each individual response differently to same medication. Therefore, any intake of the steroids should be under a doctor’s prescription.
We will write a custom Essay on Medicine Issues: Emphysema’ Disease specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, emphysema patients can deploy the use of pulmonary rehabilitation and exercise to increase their endurance. In so doing, it is exceedingly imperative to note that the patients exercise in nontoxic and examined atmosphere in which the level of oxygen is checked constantly.
Still, additional oxygen when supplied to the patients can assist in decreasing shortness of breath, as well as wheezing. Similarly, this should be supplied under the instruction of a physician. Moreover, under circumstances where the medical treatments fail to bear fruits, the University of Michigan Health System affirms that surgical options can be applied. These may include lung transplantation and lung size reduction surgery.
In all the scenarios, the authors emphasize that all the patients with this chronic condition ought to avoid direct and passive smoking, as well as air polluted regions in order to mitigate additional destruction to the airways (Emphysema par. 8). In addition, these patients ought to involve in consistent workouts.
Similarly, emphysema patients should seek a flue vaccination in the early fall of the disease, as well as a timely treatment of any lung infections that may emerge. Lastly, emphysema patients ought to take small quantities of food severally per day, drink ten to twelve glasses of liquid products per day. In case of patients with excess weight, they should devise means of losing weight in order to minimize wheezing.
Works Cited Emphysema. N.p., 5 Apr. 2014. Web. 20 June 2014.
Management Issues: Conflict Mediation Essay college essay help near me
The type of situation presented in the video is frequent for any workplace. Modern world is a diverse place and many companies face the challenges of working with employees that share different views, belong to different cultures and social groups.
It is very important that the leaders of such companies apply the skills of conflict mediation in order not to let the interpersonal relationships influence the effectiveness of the business process and the organization’s success.
Mediation is represented by a process of negotiation between the sides of a conflict. The process has to be guided by the third side, which is to remain neutral and cannot be in charge of the decisions (What Is Mediation? 2010). The role of this side is to provide guidance and take the situation under control in order to achieve a civilized conversation (What Is Conflict Mediation? 2009).
It is important that the third party acts neutrally and treats the opinions of both sides with respect. The role of the mediator is to prevent the conflict from getting even more heated. Mediation is needed because it is a well known fact that the sides of the conflict cannot succeed at resolution because it requires objectivity, which is very hard to achieve when a personal topic is argued about and both sides have subjective interest in it or feel unfairly hurt.
In the video Syl has to act as a mediator in a conflict between Bob and Daniel that are arguing about a personal matter. This conflict prevents the managers of one company from collaboration and creates a delay in the project. The company’s business is affected by the interpersonal relationships between the workers and the careers of the workers are under the influence of the subjective argument.
My answers to the questions about the situation between Bob and Daniel were slightly different from the decisions Syl made in order to mediate the conflict. The first question was about Syl’s primary objective, to my mind, it was the avoidance of the conflict, because the meeting was supposed to explore the development of the business project and there was a danger that this discussion might go the wrong way and distract everyone from doing their jobs.
The second question was about Daniel’s perception of the problem. I think it was biased. Obviously, Daniel felt insecure and vulnerable about the subject as his lifestyle was not approved by a colleague. Moreover, there was a chance that the employees would spread the rumor and ruin the confidentiality, which would create a lot of discomfort for Daniel.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Syl’s role was to listen and see the conflict from both points of view and show maximum understanding. Listening is the key in conflict mediation (Foster 2014). The third question was about the actions Syl should have made in order to avoid a heated discussion. To my mind, she should have started the mediation at that stage and addressed the argument right away instead of changing the subject.
I think that the earlier a mediator catches the conflict, the more effective the resolution will be. The last two answers I gave matched Syl’s ideas. I think that her concern about the project was reasonable and the measures she decided to take such as empowering Daniel and creating more comfortable conditions for him were the best solution.
In conclusion, what Syl said after the conversation was very wise; Bob has to learn to show more tolerance and flexibility. Moreover, to my mind, Bob turned the situation into the problem by letting his personal beliefs affect his work and refusing to collaborate with Daniel.
Reference List Foster, N. (2014). Good Communication Starts with Listening. Retrieved from http://www.mediate.com/articles/foster2.cfm
What Is Conflict Mediation? (2009). Center for Conflict Resolution. Retrieved from http://brainz.org/what-conflict-mediation/
What Is Mediation? (2010). Brainz. Retrieved from https://ccr.byu.edu/content/what-mediation
Political Sciences: the United States Army Essay online essay help: online essay help
The United States is considered to be a country with the strongest army in the entire world. Therefore, the most critical question that ought to be answered here is about the secret behind the establishment of a strong army in the world. Besides the expansive role of protecting the country’s territory, the United States Army has a code of conduct that makes it intensely involved in community service across the United States.
As such, this paper explores the profession of the United States Army. The paper argues that the United States government invests heavily in the army, which is a factor that makes the army a key contributing force in securing the United States territory and citizens.
According to Kohn (2009), there are three key definitive factors for positioning the army in terms of professionalism. Intellectualism is the first factor, the second factor is the interplay of politics, and the third factor is the moral or ethical stance of the army. The development of professionalism in the United States army is something that is often weighed against these three elements.
These three elements depict the challenges that often face the development of the armed forces. The question here is whether the United States army has managed to overcome these challenges. The army in the United States is a trusted body. The implication here is that there are a lot of expectations on the side of the United States public on the professional conduct of the United States Army.
At this point, it is imperative to bring into the picture the assertion that, “Current Army doctrine calls for “mission command,” “task and purpose” and “intent-based” orders to guide the execution of military operations” (Reed, 2012, p. 1). This assertion comes from the observation that the United States army has been intensely deployed in conflict zones across the world to help restore security in the zones.
What comes out of the army operations is, in most cases, contrary to the expectations of the global publics about the United States Army. The conduct of the United States army often goes far below the expectations of the public, with a high number of cases of torture and other incidences of human rights violations often reported in the areas where the army is deployed (Reed, 2012).
A look at the history of the United States Army, especially from the beginning of the 20th century to date, denotes the intensive deployment of the army in different regions of the world to help protect the interests of the civilians in these regions. However, it is imperative to note that the civilians have often been subjected to the negative attributes of the military operation in almost all the major operations that have been conducted by the United States Army.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is what raises a lot of questions on the ability of the United States army to employ professionalism and ethics when it is deployed in different regions to help in securing the interests of the civilians (Reed, 2012). According to the Department of the Army (2013), serving in the United States Army is not only considered to be a calling, but also a chance for an individual to embrace professionalism when discharging services to the citizens of the United States.
One of the most outstanding definitions of an army profession in the United States is a person who embraces ethics in the discharge of military duties, as embedded in the assertion that, “An Army professional is one who acts as a steward of the Army Profession while adhering to the highest standards of the Army’s Ethic” (Department of the Army, 2013, p. 1).
While the army sets standards of operation embedded in the ethical standards, leadership in the army is an essential tool that works towards ensuring that the set standards are adhered to by everybody serving under the United States Army.
Expanding on the issue of leadership as an essential tool that ensures that the competence and professionalism of the United States army is maintained, it makes sense to assert that, “A profession is a trusted self-policing and relatively autonomous vocation whose members develop and apply expert knowledge as human expertise to render an essential service to society in a particular field” (Department of the Army, 2013, p. 1).
This is in line with the embrace of professionalism in the army as embedded in the rules that guide the operation of the United States Army. The reason why the United States government invests billions of dollars in the army is to enhance the capacity of the army to discharge its operations, more so securing of the citizens of the United States from any dangers that come from within and outside the country.
The question here is whether professionalism that is on the paper is applied by the United States military in its operations, especially the operations that are carried outside the country’s territory (Reed, 2012).
Reed (2012) observes that the current structure of operation in the army is something that comes to the attention of a substantial number of commentators, especially in regards to the embrace of professionalism in the military operations that are mounted in different regions across the globe.
We will write a custom Essay on Political Sciences: the United States Army specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most importantly is the embrace of leadership and professionalism in the army is the moderation of the structure of command in the military so that the military men on the ground are given a chance to make rational and ethical decisions concerning the security situation on the ground.
At this point, it makes sense to revisit the observation by Kohn (2009), who brought up the issue of politics and a challenge in the enhancement of professionalism in the operation of the military.
The United States army, as much as it is applauded for having the required technological and communication competencies to make operations more efficient, is sometimes blamed for sidelining the ethical code because of the rules and instructions that they receive from the United States when they are on the ground.
While the investment in the United States army makes them highly equipped in terms of skills, the competencies are often watered down by way of the failure to pay attention to the critical question of ethics in the discharge of work by the armed forces.
Professionalism is necessary for the operation of the armed forcers. The United States Army has a strict code of conduct that denotes the embrace of professionalism in the operation of the members of the army.
The points presented in the paper denote the difficulty in balancing between professionalism and other interests, especially from the political spheres. Politics and the issue of structured command often derail the army from the total embrace of professionalism in the operation of the U.S. Army.
References Department of the Army. (2013). The army profession. Washington, DC.
Kohn, R. H. (2009). Tarnished brass: Is the U.S. military profession in decline?. World Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/tarnished-brass-us-military-profession-decline
Not sure if you can write a paper on Political Sciences: the United States Army by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reed, B. J. (2012). Leader development, learning agility and the army profession. Land Warfare Paper No. 92, October 2012. Retrieved from http://www.ausa.org/publications/ilw/ilw_pubs/landwarfarepapers/Documents/LWP_92_web.pdf
“The Birds”: Movie by A. Hitchcock and Story by D. DuMorier Essay (Movie Review) custom essay help: custom essay help
The well-known film called “The Birds” created by Alfred Hitchcock is based on the story by Daphne DuMorier, which has the same title. Even though both works are named the same way and seem to have the same themes, they are very different. Hitchcock’s film was made in 1963, the story was written in 1952.
The director transformed the plot and the characters; he changed the settings. The story by Daphne DuMorier takes place in a small country town in cold England. Hitchcock’s characters live in San Francisco and Bodega Bay, California.
What evidence of foreshadowing is there in the movie and the story? Both the story and the movie are designed as a sequence of horrific happenings that have no explanations. The birds in the area where the main characters dwell go restless and aggressive, they gradually become insane and start attacking buildings and people.
From the very beginning of the film and the story, the main characters start noticing the unusual behavior of the wild birds. Though, in the film, the first element of foreshadowing happens when the characters meet at the pet shop, where Mitch wants to find a pair of lovebirds “that are just friendly” as a present for his little sister (The Birds).
The birds that we see as a symbol of love, attachment, and devotion are used in the film as the first sign of a tragedy that has a supernatural character and is inevitable. In the story, the first elements of foreshadowing are the main character’s observations that “the birds had been more restless than ever this fall of the year, the agitation more marked because the days were still” (DuMorier, 1).
The stillness of the days reflects the famous belief that unusually quiet times always foreshadow something really bad. Besides, in both the film and the story, there are scenes, where a bird kills itself hitting a wall or a door. In many cultures of the world, this is a sign that is normally interpreted as an omen.
What themes does Hitchcock touch that is not in the story? Are there any common themes? The common themes of the story and the film are the confrontations between people and the supernatural, people, and nature. In both the story and the film, the characters that have not been cautious about the birds’ attacks are found dead later. This is how both Hitchcock and DuMorier note that unreasonable bravery leads to negative consequences. Besides, both authors suggest a new perspective on something very common.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More We see birds every day, they are all the time around, and there are thousands of them in every city, the film, and the story present an alternative view to the possible threat and power these creatures could have if they united and attacked together. Neither of the works contains an explanation of the aggression of the birds and their strange and dangerous attacks.
Though, it turns out that making his film Hitchcock has been under the influence of an event that happened in 1961 in San Francisco when thousands of sea gulls killed themselves flying into walls of various buildings (The Birds (1963), par. 5). This mass suicide was caused by a toxic poisoning of the birds.
The special theme Hitchcock raises in his film that is not in the story is the issue of environmental pollution and the fact that the aggression of the birds may have been the result of people’s effect on the environment.
Works Cited DuMorier, Daphne. The Birds. PDF file. n. d. Web. Jun 13. 2014.
The Birds (1963). Filmsite. 2014. Web. 13 Jun. 2014.
The Birds. Dir. Alfred Hitchcock. Perf. Rod Taylor, Tippi Hedren, and Jessica Tandy. Universal Pictures, 1963. Film.
The Inclusive Education Program in the UAE Essay (Article) college essay help online
Table of Contents Study question/hypothesis
Background of the research: Review of literature
Study question/hypothesis This research attempts to examine the positive and negative outcomes of the inclusive education program in the UAE from the teacher’s point of view. Since several problems, as well as the strengths of the programs, had been identified, the researcher expected the teachers to prove both positive and negative perceptions on the situation.
Background of the research: Review of literature The researcher has attempted to develop a strong justification for the study based on a brief but comprehensive review of the relevant literature. The review considers the supportive and opposing claims about the idea of inclusion programs in the national education system.
In particular, studies and claims developed outside the country, especially in the western nations, have been reviewed. The author finds that the main opposing claim against the idea of inclusive education programs is that managing classrooms is quite hard because the addition of students with disabilities to normal classes requires additional time and resources.
Study methods In the second section, the article reports a study the researcher carried out in the UAE. It examined some 56 teachers to determine their perceptions of the inclusive system. These were teachers assigned to inclusive classes.
Findings The study found that teacher perceptions could be classified into a few categories. First, attitudes and inspirations affect outcomes and perceptions. Secondly, outcomes are affected by the nature of inclusive education in the involved schools.
Conclusion The article concludes that while the expected benefits of the system are significantly huge, the teachers involved in facilitating learning were expected to have different perceptions of the plans, which formed the main study problem (Anati, 2013).
Also, the study proposes that the program has both positive and negative impacts on the involved parties, including the teachers, normal learners as well as learners with disabilities, an aspect that could be examined from a teachers’ perspective.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reference Anati, N. (2013). The pros and cons of inclusive education from the perceptions of teachers in the United Arab Emirates. International journal of research studies in education, 2(1), 55-66.
Criminology: Water Boarding Torture Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Benefits of Water Boarding
Criticism against Water Boarding
Introduction In the US, law enforcement officers interrogate apprehended suspects through various techniques. Uncooperative suspects habitually refuse to answer questions during interrogation. This compels law enforcement officers to use eccentric techniques to get critical information from criminals. Waterboarding is one of the unconventional techniques of extracting information from uncooperative criminals.
Over the years, waterboarding has been used in Europe to get information from suspects. In the US, “application of waterboarding technique has remained controversial among lawmakers, criminal investigation officers, and legal experts” (USA Today, 2007). For example, some individuals contend that waterboarding is similar to other forms of torture (USA Today, 2007). This essay supports waterboarding because of the following reasons.
Benefits of Water Boarding Waterboarding is a kind of torture in which a suspect is subjected to a drowning experience. It involves pouring water over a fabric wrapping the face and respiratory openings of a powerless suspect. This technique makes a suspect uncomfortable.
Hence, he or she divulges information quickly. Terrorists are trained in harsh conditions to make them resistant to simple punishments such as starvation. Hence, it difficult to get information from terror suspects without subjecting them to extreme ordeals.
Second, terror suspects should be interrogated as soon as possible because they can easily plan terror attacks while in police custody. More often than not, apprehended terror suspects do not give information that can be used to thwart their plans. Fortunately, waterboarding can compel a suspect to divulge information quickly. Information derived quickly from a suspect can be used to save millions of lives and property from an impending terror attack.
Waterboarding method is based on the ticking bomb hypothesis. This theory states that a suspect in custody cannot easily give information about a bomb he or she is planning to detonate. Therefore, such an individual must be compelled by all means to reveal information as soon as possible to prevent a crisis.
Waterboarding has extreme physical and psychological side effects on the victims. Hence, a suspect who undergoes such an extreme experience is less likely to engage in crime compared to a criminal interrogated through conventional techniques.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the extreme effects of waterboarding deter individuals from engaging in criminal activities. Also, terrorists use fear to recruit and compel innocent people to support their activities. Consequently, an equally terrifying deterrent such as waterboarding is needed to curb terrorism.
Criticism against Water Boarding Although waterboarding is used as a quick method of obtaining information from uncooperative suspects, it has been criticized because of the following reasons. First, critiques of waterboarding assert that it causes extreme suffering, which may lead to death (USA Today, 2007). Second, waterboarding has long-term side effects that can incapacitate an individual.
Furthermore, waterboarding causes excruciating physical and psychological pain, which may elicit false responses from a criminal. Thus, the credibility of information obtained from suspects through waterboarding has been doubted by legal experts.
Conclusion This discussion has revealed that the waterboarding method facilitates access to information from uncooperative suspects. It is worth noting that this technique is only used as an alternative technique to get information from rude suspects. Therefore, it should be applied when dangerous suspects refuse to give information. Clear-cut laws should regulate the application of waterboarding method.
Reference USA Today. (2007). Waterboarding illegal? Time for Congress to end the debate. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/printedition/news/20071113/edit13.art.htm.
Philosophical Analysis of Mackie’s “Evil and Omnipotence” Essay custom essay help
Note and Outline In his arguments, Mackie finds it hard to come to terms with theologians’ views regarding the existence of evil and God’s omnipotence.
His arguments focus on three main facts and how they are related to theological beliefs: good, evil, and God’s omnipotence.
He holds the view that since good triumphs over evil, it is difficult to explain why the two moral ideas exist together.
Therefore, he asserts that good, evil, and God’s omnipotence are principles which are not connected in any way.
Consequently, Mackie challenges general meanings commonly associated with the three ideals and how they are used to advance the view that God exists.
Mackie’s Argument Mackie insists that since theologians believe that an omnipotent, caring God exists, then evil should not exist. In his arguments, he emphasizes that since God is described to have power over everything that exists; he would not sit by and watch as evil deeds happen in different places. These two propositions are used by religious people to advance moral arguments that justify the importance of believing in a mysterious higher power.
However, Mackie asserts these two views are inconsistent because an all-knowing, benevolent God cannot exist in a world where suffering and evil is common.
He maintains that since people in different places in the world experience suffering, then this shows that there is enough evidence that evil exists. In the same vein, he argues that this puts into doubt the assertion that an omnipotent, benevolent God exists. Consequently, he concludes that evil exists, but God does not.
The first possible solution he explores holds that; good and evil are complementary principles which exist side by side. He argues that this assumption lacks merit because it limits people from experiencing what they believe to be good deeds from an all-powerful God. As a result, this assumption betrays the original theological position because it makes it difficult to measure God’s goodness in different situations.
On the other hand, the second solution argues that; evil is an important means which enables good deeds to happen. He adds that this argument does not have any basis because it contradicts the common principle used by theologians to describe God as an all-powerful and benevolent deity.
Therefore, this limits God’s capabilities because it shows that he lacks supernatural powers that are associated with his omnipotence. As a result, this shows that he conforms to moral guidelines which normal human beings are expected to follow. Consequently, this does not answer questions about why evil exists because it shows that God is unable to use his power to stop human suffering.
In my own opinion, I do not think Mackie is right. Human beings use their judgment to compare extreme situations, and this allows them to make a choice that is beneficial to their interests. In most instances, they are likely to go for a choice that will guarantee comfort, happiness, or other tangible rewards.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, his argument that good and evil cannot exist side by side does not hold any weight. Also, Mackie’s arguments focus only on extreme applications of the two principles in different situations. However, he fails to mention that in some instances, good deeds may be interpreted as evil deeds depending on the context in which these two principles are applied.