Legal issues and standards Standards for revenue recognition are described and interpreted under several clauses. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Concept No. 5 states that “generally, revenue is recognized when it has been earned, and realized, or realizable” (Jarnagin, 2008, p. 30). The Concept No. 5 defines ‘earned’ as the condition in which the seller has accomplished all that is necessary to be entitled to benefits in the form of revenues (FASB, 2008).
Realizable is when benefits are expected to be received by the seller with a specified level of certainty. Realized is when benefits have been received by the seller (Jarnagin, 2008). The $1.2 million transaction fails to meet the standards because it may be unrealizable, and it is not completely earned. It is not earned because Excello Telecommunications has not completed all the requirements that make it entitled to receive benefits.
The SEC requirements are summarized in the SEC Accounting Bulletin (SAB) 104 released in December 2003. SAB 104 requires that there be “a persuasive evidence of agreement exists, delivery has occurred, the seller’s price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured” (Epstein, Nach
Good School’ Definition and Aspects Essay college essay help online
Having children is the Joy of every family. On the same note, children are a way through which not only continuity of a family lineage, but also continuity of mankind is ensured. In this regard, every person strives to ensure that his or her children are brought up in the best way possible.
Among the basic needs that children should get is good education. Therefore, getting a good school for a child is every parent’s priority. Nonetheless, it is quite difficult to come to a consensus as it regards what makes a good school. Despite this, it is important to note that there are fundamental qualities that a good school should poses.
To begin with, a good school should have the required facilities to make learning possible. These include the necessary buildings as well as learning equipment. A good school is one that has enough classrooms so that students can fit in without being overclouded.
When students are clouded in one classroom, it becomes difficult even for teachers to effectively teach the students. Arguably, buildings alone have nothing to offer to learners without the learning equipment. Therefore, a good school should have enough learning equipment be it books and other reference materials or equipment used for practical lessons.
It is important to note that children join schools when they are very young and much of their socialization and cultural modification processes take place at school. In this regard, schools have a very crucial role to play as far as citizenry behavior is concerned. Therefore, a good school should be based on good discipline as well as good moral values.
If children’s morals are likely to be negatively influenced at school, then there is no need for them to attend such a school. Most learners spend much of their time at school thus their behavior, both present and future highly depends on how the school modifies them. It is the prayer of every parent that his or her child will be well mannered. A good school should enable parents achieve this dream.
On the same note, a school without teachers is as well as dead. Teachers are guides of learners and they highly influence what students learn at school. In this regard, a good school will be one that has academically qualified teachers, to ensure academic excellence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, since students especially young ones look at teachers as their role models, teachers should be well mannered so that they can help in positively molding the learners. Of importance to note is that if a teacher is overwhelmed by the number of students that they handle, then they are bound to compromise quality of their services. Consequently, a good school should have the recommended teacher to student ratio.
Notably, it is the quality of education that matters in the end. The aim of parents and the society at large is not just to have academically qualified people, but people who are all round. Therefore, despite the fact that school is where learners go to sharpen their academic skills, a good school should not do this while disregarding other aspects of life.
Society expects its people to mingle well within the community. On the same note, it is expected that people who have gone to school should be able to solve problems more logically compared to those who did not go to school. Moreover, there is more to life that just academic excellence.
A good school should be able to mix curriculum and co-curriculum activities to produce learners who are well fitted to enhance development in the society. When all these are met by a school, then one can be confident that his or her child will gain by going to such a school
The Last Emperor Essay (Movie Review) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
“The Last Emperor” is a Chinese 1987 epic film, directed by Bertolucci Bernardo. The film is based on the life of Emperor Pu Yi, who was the last individual to reign as Emperor in China. It derives most of its narrative from Pu Yi’s autobiography titled “From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi”.
In this book, the former emperor documents his journey from being an Emperor to an ordinary Chinese citizen. The movie depicts events that took place over a period of 60 years. During this time, China underwent radical transformation due to the significant social-political events that occurred over the time span.
The film begins in 1950 in a Chinese Prison, where Pu Yi has been taken as a political prisoner. After a failed attempt to end his life, the Emperor begins to have flashbacks of his earlier years. His first memories are of how he became the Emperor after being named successor to Empress Dowager Ciwi who was dying. This was in the year 1908 and Pu Yi was only 2 years old. Following this declaration, the young Pu Yi moved to the Forbidden City, which was the official home of the emperor.
The film shows Pu Yi’s early life where many eunuchs and private tutors served him. It then illustrates how Pu Yi was forced to give up power after the Chinese Revolution of 1911. After this, he continued to serve as a figurehead and was allowed to maintain his luxurious lifestyle in the Forbidden City. However, a warlord banished the Emperor from the Forbidden City in 1924 forcing him to live in exile.
After 6 years in exile, Pu Yi moved to Manchuria, which was his native land. While in this region, the Japanese occupational forces reinstated him as a puppet head. His reign ended when Russian forces captured him at the end of the Second World War. The Russians kept him under arrest up to 1950 when he is returned to communist China.
Here Pu Yi underwent reeducation under Mao’s reign. At the end of the reeducation efforts, he took up the occupation of a gardener and lived a humble life. While living the life of a simple gardener, Pu Yi was able to visit the Forbidden City as a tourist and he looked at the Dragon Throne, where he once reigned from, with mixed emotions.
The film has a number of major characters: Emperor Pu Yi, who is the film’s central figure; Emperor’s wife, Wanrong Gobulo, who comes from a royal background and stays with Pu Yi until the end of World War II; Scottish Reginald Fleming, who served as the tutor to the young emperor and provided Pu Yi with knowledge about the outside world and inspired the young emperor to travel outside the Forbidden City; and Chen Baochen, the emperor’s personal advisor and tutor, who remained loyal to the Qing dynasty even after it collapses.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The film covers events that took place between 1908 and 1967. This gives the film major social-historical dimensions, since China underwent a number of significant changes in this turbulent period.
The first major event covered by the film is the succession of Empress Dowager Cixi by the 2-year-old Pu Yi. The film then addressed the 1911 revolution that marked the start of modern China as it abolished the monarchy and established a republic under president Dr. Sun Yat Sen. This event led to Emperor Pu Yi being forced to give up his official powers.
The film then records that the emperor was forced out of the Forbidden City in 1924. At around this time, the 13-year-old Chinese Republic was experiencing some problems as the ruling party was becoming more authoritarian in nature.
The problems experienced by the state escalated when the ruling Kuomintang party split with the Communist Party. The Kuomintang banned the Communist Party and imprisoned most of its top leaders. This led to the Communist Party making plans to overthrow the Kuomintang and bring about a Communist Revolution in China.
The realities of Japanese expansionist trends in Asia during the 1930s are highlighted in the film. It documents how Japan was able to take over the region of Manchuria and govern over it from 1931 to 1945. Emperor Pu Yi was installed as the puppet ruler in order to add legitimacy to Japanese rule. Pu Yi was responsible for signing a number of treaties that increased Japanese power in the occupied territory. This puppet state ended after the Allied forces defeated Japan and the Second World War came to an end.
Another significant period covered by the movie is the Cultural Revolution under Mao Zedong. Mao took leadership of China in 1949 and set out to eliminate the old establishment and replace it with a strong Communist State. During the first years of his rule, China experienced the Cultural Revolution that had a major impact on the social and political environment in the country.
The revolution was started by peasants in the countryside who wanted to do away with the decadence of the rich. One of the ways in which the new order was brought about was by destroying the property owner class and re-educating the upper class. The Emperor was one of the individuals who underwent reeducation in Mao’s China.
We will write a custom Essay on The Last Emperor specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In my opinion, the film succeeds in capturing the social and political environment in China during the lifetime of Pu Yi. It succeeds in demonstrating how the country underwent a transformation due to significant events including the 1911 revolution, the Japanese invasion, the Second World War, and the Chinese Communist Revolution in 1949.
The film effectively highlights the dramatic changes that China underwent from monarchy to republic. This transformation is best exemplified by the Forbidden City, which was once owned by the Emperor, but later becomes a public area.
The film does not place equal weight on all the important issues it addresses. An issue that emerged strongly in the film was the wastefulness of the imperial era. The film demonstrates that the emperor never performed any activity for himself. Pu Yi was forced to learn how to perform basic tasks for himself through reeducation.
The issues that are not well demonstrated by the film are the negative aspects of the reeducation that took place during the Cultural Revolution. The film does not make it clear that during this period, hundreds of thousands of landowners were disposed or executed. Many intellectuals in the country were sent to the rural areas where they engaged in hard labor as a form of reeducation.
The most important thing that I learnt about China from this film was that there was an extreme level of extravagance by the Emperor during the monarchy days. The film clearly displays the lavishness of the Forbidden City, where Pu Yi lived. The palace is enormous in size, and it is filled with expensive furniture and ornaments.
We are shown hundreds of servants who do everything for the Emperor and kneel before him in respect. This information made me understand why the Chinese people carried out a revolution against the monarchy and formed a republic, which later on became the Communist State of China. The oppressive socio-political environment advanced by the monarchy fueled the revolution that made Pu Yi the last emperor.
The Theme of Love: “The Two Kinds,” “The fall of the house of usher,” and “Hill Like White Elephants.” Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents The Theme of Love
The “Two Kinds”
The fall of the house of usher
“Hill Like White Elephants”
The Theme of Love There is love in the three short stories. In the “Two Kinds” there is some love between the mother (Suyuan) and daughter (Jing Mei) (Tan, 2006). In the “Hill’s Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway some love abounds between the American man and the pregnant girl.
This story is about the way self-interest can ruin the love that people have nurtured for a long time. In “the fall of the house of usher” there is love between Roderick and his twin sister Madeline. The love has also been strengthened by their illnesses. This paper specifically discuses the theme of love in the three short stories. More especially, the way love is advanced or frustrated by the characters.
The “Two Kinds” Love that is evidenced in this short story is parental love. This love is depicted in the way the mother prevails upon her daughter to succeed in her studies. This is depicted in the way her mother says, “If you work hard you can achieve your dream here in America,” she added, “of course, you could be prodigy too” (Tan, 2006, p. 132).
However, the daughter took her mothers advice literally. She responded, “You want me to be someone I’m not,” she continued, “I will never be the kind of daughter you want me to be.” “Only two daughters,” she shouted, “those who are obedient and those who can follow their mind, the only daughter who can live in this house is the obedient one” (Tan, 2006, p. 132).
In as much Jing-mei was feeling that her mother never loved her because she was dictating or forcing her to do things she did not like, their bond was strong (Tan, 2006). This is seen in the way she reacted when her mother passed on. Jing-mei started to recognize that what her mother was telling her was right.
The death of her mother functioned as an eye opener for her. In the story it indicated that “she looked back over the music that she had previously rejected and discovered something that she had never noticed” (Tan, 2006). The two songs were the “Perfectly Contented,” the “Pleading Child.” However, upon examining these songs, she realized that they were two different parts of just one song.
It is motherly love that her mother does not want her daughter to go through the sufferings such as—the misfortune of losing kids, the fear and privations of conflicts, as well as the challenges encountered when settling in a different culture (Tan, 2006). That is why her mother has taken the initiative to ensure that her daughter becomes a genius and standing tall amongst other children in America.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apparently, from her conduct, she is not a genius. This is because geniuses have innate abilities and work only under slight guidance or supervision. As the author indicates, Jing-mei even refused to practice the piano. If she were a genius, this should have been something that would have fascinated her.
The fall of the house of usher Love is evident in this short story (Poe, 2011). More especially is revealed in the way characters deal with situations or they way react when dealing with their spouses. In the poem “The Raven,” Poe’s love is reveled. Poe’s love for his beloved wife, Virginia, is revealed when she died.
It is indicated that Poe was traumatized by her demise. It is also indicated that her death became an everyday motif in his undertaking. This statement stresses the degree of love that the two had. In other words, it was almost inseparable and no of them could do without the other.
There is also brotherly love in this novel. There is a strong love between Roderick and his sister, Madeleine. It is indicated that Roderick “affectionately loved his sister” (p. 42). There affection is also based on the fact that they are twins. As the author puts, they have “an outstanding semblance” (p. 46). That is, they behaved in a way that someone could easily say they had one soul in two different bodies.
“Hill Like White Elephants” This short story revolves around the theme of love and responsibility (Benson, 1990). The author has used abortion to show how much the American man loves her pregnant girlfriend named Jig. However, the love showed by the American man is selfish. That is, he does not extent it beyond his girlfriend. This is evidenced when the boyfriend says, “Ill stay with you.” He also added, “I do not want anyone else, but you” (p.161).
Basing on this utterance, it is also clear that the American man is taking advantage of the love he has for his girlfriend to convince her to have the abortion. However, the girlfriend does not actually feel the same as she loves both of them. This is evident from the way she turned him down saying, “Would you please stop talking” (p. 298). Generally, this shows that her love is not selfish and that she is the man’s superior in sensitivity, imagination and above all, capacity for love.
Conclusion As it has been established in the discussion, the theme of love is espoused in the three novels. In the “Hill Like White Elephants,” both the American man and his girlfriend show love to each other but the pregnancy is threatening their peaceful affection. Their love is therefore selfish or situational.
We will write a custom Essay on The Theme of Love: “The Two Kinds,” “The fall of the house of usher,” and “Hill Like White Elephants.” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the “Two Kinds,” parental love dominates. The mother feels that she has the responsibility to guide her daughter to success. Her dominance of over her daughter is also threatening their affection. The daughter feels that she is not being given space to enjoy life like other kids. However, in the end, the daughter realizes that her mother was somehow right.
In the “fall of the house of usher,” is a sad story of two twins who share brotherly love. Their situation has actually brought them together more than ever. Poe also has strong love for his beloved wife, Virginia. This is evidenced when she died as it was hard for Poe to forget her both in his personal and work life.
References Benson, J. (1990). New critical approaches to the short stories of Ernest Hemingway. Durham: Duke University Press.
Poe, E. (2011). The fall of the House of Usher. New York: Books of Wonder.
Tan, A. (2006). The joy luck club. New York: Penguin Books.
Putting the Incompatible Elements Together: Avatar Meets Gladiator Essay best essay help: best essay help
The issues of power and political difference have always been of great interest for scholars, politicians and mere mortals due to the controversy around the former concepts.
As a result, the two have spawned countless number of artistic interpretations, Cameron’s Avatar and Scott’s Gladiator being the landmarks of the XXI century take at the problem. Although the movies are based on completely different stories and are driven by seemingly different plots, a number of ideas regarding power and policy of differentiation in both movies rub shoulders.
No matter what one might say about Avatar being the adult version of Disney’s Pocahontas, as well as the fact that the story of greedy invaders and poor civilian residents has been beaten to death, the movie still offers an interesting journey into human mind. James Cameron clearly knows how to get the audience in their seats for a couple of hours, and creates a sophisticated political and cultural conflict.
Scott’s Gladiator, in its turn, provides a much darker and, therefore, more adult view of the problem. Unlike Avatar, Gladiator does not pander to its audience, thus, it taps on more complex issues.
In addition, Gladiator tackles the story that is arguably planted into the realm of reality, the lead character being the representation of those oppressed and rebelling against the dictatorship of Commodus. Although in no possible way can the movie claim to be historically accurate, it still represents real people and the events that, for the most part, actually took place – or, at the very least, could be.
Nevertheless, what both movies are very good at is taking the evil off the political difference and power, though with rather different takes on the problem. In Gladiator, the social stratification is dealt with in a very impressive way.
As it has been stressed above, in Gladiator, the director and screenwriter did not actually have to come up with the political environment for the story to unwrap in – the dictatorship of the Roman autocrats and the miserable life of plebs and especially slaves, which Crowe as Maximus Decimus Meridius represented, was already a notorious page in the world history.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, Scott still did an amazingly good job by projecting the power abuse and policy of differentiation of the XXI century onto the Ancient Roman story. For example, the following line by Commodus points at the flaws of the ochlocracy system, in which the power belongs to few people defined as the crème of society. In Avatar, the issue concerning power abuse is downplayed compared to the Gladiator plot; however, the Colonel Quaritch is miles away from Commodus in terms of the methods exercised to seize power.
Commodus acts as a power-hungry despot by demanding that Crowe’s character should be dragged through mud, enslaved and finally killed for the amusement of the Roman elite. While astonishingly diabolical, these intentions still show that Commodus is a mere mortal with his petty concerns about his status, wealth and other down-to-earth trifle.
Colonel Quaritch, in his turn, clearly aims at playing God by offering Sully the ability to walk and, in fact, live a complete and different life: “A recon gyrene in an Avatar body… that’s a potent mix! Gives me the goosebumps!” (Avatar 0:36:17). It would be wrong to assume that God related symbolism must have been Cameron’s intent, since the focus of the movie is not on Christianity, but on policy of difference; however, the allusions in the movie are far too strong to ignore them.
Moreover, unlike Commodus, who was born into his position and, therefore, considers his means of ruling the Empire the only acceptable methods, Quaritch knows exactly what is wrong with his strategy and openly acknowledges it: “Well, well, well. I’d say diplomacy has failed” (Avatar 0:41:03).
Apart from power, both movies also touch upon the policy of difference, and they do so in a very smart and unique way. Avatar represents the clash of two different races, for the lack of a better word to describe the conflict between people and aliens, whereas Gladiator renders the issue of one social class oppressing another.
However, Cameron downplays the concept of policy of difference greatly – perhaps, in attempts to get a PG-13 rating, while Gladiator does not shy away from displaying the faults of the policy of difference in the intense scenes of battles and vile treatment of slaves, thus, warranting an R-rating in some of the theaters: “They tell me your son squealed like a girl when they nailed him to the cross” (Gladiator 1:11:02).
Avatar spares its audience the necessity to see Na’vis slaughtered in the battles and instead offers the viewers to sneak a peek at the evil masterminds, including Quaritch and the greedy government plotting to get the hold of unobtanium: “This is why we’re here. Unobtanium. Because this little gray rock sells for twenty million a kilo” (Avatar 0:23:55).
We will write a custom Essay on Putting the Incompatible Elements Together: Avatar Meets Gladiator specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Though the two movies belong to different genres and are set in completely different environment, they tackle the same problem of power abuse and policy of difference efficiently. Smart and sophisticated, the movies give a lot of food for thoughts. Despite having their flaws, they are clearly worth watching.
Works Cited Avatar. Ex. Prod. James Cameron. Los Angeles, CA: Twentieth Century Fox. 2009. DVD.
Gladiator. Ex. Prod. Ridley Scott. Los Angeles, CA: Universal Pictures. 2000. DVD.
Hi! I hope you are doing well! Cancer and Psychotherapy Read attached baseline articles. (Literature review/summary of these articles. Essay best essay help: best essay help
Hi! I hope you are doing well!
Cancer and Psychotherapy
Read attached baseline articles. (Literature review/summary of these articles. (2 pages)
Research the last two years of recent studies on cancer and psychotherapy.
Write paper integrating new knowledge from last two years of publications (at least 6 peer reviewed studies) and the impact of the Covid pandemic and disease on this medical group. (5 pages)
Discuss Include applicable cultural and ethical issues. (1 page)
A list of the baseline articles are included. All baseline info should come from these articles. (the intro and lit review).
Please reach out if you have any questions!
Molly Drug Usage in the American Society Essay essay help free
Article summary James McKinley article in The New York Times discusses overdose of an ecstasy drug called Molly, and death resulting from the same. Molly is a new ecstasy drug sold to the youth in the United States. To be precise, Molly is a street name for a drug referred as MDMA (3, 4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine). In most cases, the ecstasy drug is sold as a pill or powder.
Medical experts and psychologists allege that Molly is a typical stimulant and is used to help patients with mental disorders to open up during counseling sessions. From this perspective, the drug is essential in helping patients socialize and open up to people around them. The right dosage of the MDMA drug is recommended. However, an overdose of the drug is considered harmful and results to abuse.
The article was written to provide insightful information regarding abuse of Molly among the youth. In fact, the article uses an example to articulate on dangers of abusing the drug. The article discusses how two young individuals died as a result of abusing the ecstasy drug. McKinley’s article is based on evidence that the drug has previously affected the youth in similar occasions. For example, the drug seems to be sold among the youths attending electric music parties.
From the article, it is evident that Molly is popular among the youths aged below 25 years. According to the author, the two individuals who died at the Electric Zoo festival during Labor Day of 2013 were aged 20 and 23 years old.
Evidence showing how the drug is prominent among the youths indicates similar deaths in New York. Other indications showing dangers of the drug among the youths reveals that at least 4 people die of MDMA overdose every year in New York. In addition, statistics show that at least 43 young people died from MDMA overdose between 2000 and 2011.
The reason why the youth are a target of the MDMA usage is because the drug is cheap and not physically addictive. Moreover, electric music parties where the drug is sold are attractive to young people. Prolonged usage and abuse of molly has negative physiological and psychological effects. From a physiological perspective, abusers of Molly lose appetite, experience exhaustion, insomnia, jaw soreness, dizziness and constipation. Psychological effects of abusing the drug include depression, impaired attention and paranoia.
McKinley’s article is interesting since it focuses on current drug abuse in the United States. The article focus on a new drug abuse trend in the country raises fundamental issues about availability of the drug off the pharmaceutical shelves. MDMA drug is meant for psychiatry and is only licensed for sale in pharmaceuticals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The article also suggests a possible mixing of Molly with methylone, making the drug fatal. The article is interesting as it associates abuse of the drug with Electric music parties. The connection between the drug and music parties is intriguing and forms a basis for further research on the same.
I chose the article for its significance in research on drug abuse among the American youth. The article provides a new dimension about popular drugs abused in the country besides cocaine, heroine, marijuana and alcohol. For example, the article has information on how drugs are adulterated with dangerous substances that are fatal to users. Therefore, the article’s information can harness further research about drug abuse and required interventions.
Works Cited McKinley, C. James. “Overdoses of ‘Molly’ led to Electric Zoo deaths”. The New York Times 12 Sept. 2013. Web. .
Star System In The Silent Cinema Essay college essay help: college essay help
A few years before the break out of the World War I, modernity in the entertainment sector was characterized by the merger of powerful capitalist and democratic forces into consumerism. In the early 20th century, the cinematography enhanced and the success of better movies resulted in continued opening of theaters in large numbers across America. Filmmakers started making more comedies, chase films, westerns and crime.
Moreover, experimentation with narrative techniques and camera also intensified. The cinematographers of Brighton, England, also laid a foundation for film to develop from a primitive to a more advanced stage (Bordwell, 1999). The introduction of the star system proved to be an outstanding means of earning a profit from not only the production, but also distribution and even exposition of films.
The star system As the consumerism increased in America, the star system emerged to market the actors as the main attraction to filmgoers. A renowned filmmaker, David Wark Griffith, enhanced the filming techniques such as close-ups, moving camera shots and point-of-view shots (Starr, 1985). The idea of color film also laid a foundation to Griffith’s filming. David Wark Griffith used actors such as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish, Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin.
These stars formed United Artists organization later on (McDonald, 2000, p. 36). United Artists (UA) functioned as a distribution company for the films produced by the star names. The filmmakers were placed in a position where they could extend their economic power by negotiating broadly across the cinema industry. This organization helped enhance the film business impressively.
The strength of star system is evident in Mary Pickford’s first United Artist film release, Pollyanna (1919) by Paul Powell (McDonald, 2000, p. 35). In this film, Mary is featured as little girl in the title role. The film Pollyanna was produced through Mary Pickford Company and distributed by UA. By the age of 23, Pickford had already developed herself as the most influential woman in the motion-picture industry.
Typically, a developed business practice in the exhibition sector was to lease prints from distributors at a fixed fee. However, Pollyanna was made available only on the basis of both a guaranteed base rental fee together with a percentage split of box office income. Despite complaints, the exhibitors reluctantly agreed to UA’s terms. This transformed the business practice for transactions between exhibitors and distributors.
In the 1920s, Pickford’s profession experienced ups and downs in the stars financial and critical status. In spite of taking more adult roles in films, the filmgoers were unenthusiastic about letting Pickford abandon her child-woman image. Since its establishment, UA underwent years of financial predicaments.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These financial recesses were partly attributed to the company’s star management which was ineffective. In 1951, Pickford eventually sold her UA shares and described UA as ‘sick unto death’ (Flom, 2009, p. 224). At the height of her appeal however, Pickford had clearly demonstrated the wide-ranging power that the star could wield across all sectors of the film industry (McDonald, 2000, p. 42).
Pickford’s impact is not only exclusive to the silent era but also to the future. Pickford demonstrated lots of the trends that would improve the Hollywood star system in several years to come (Finler, 2003, p. 192). Specifically, Pickford exemplified the way stars have the ability to use their popular status as leverage to demand rapid increments in salary payments from producers.
Pickford’s profession also encouraged other stars and the upcoming ones to participate in box office earnings from the films they appeared in. Furthermore, her success showed the benefits that stars could gain by choosing to form their own independent production companies.
These trends would all become key characteristic of the star system following the decline of the vertically integrated studio system that dominated Hollywood in the 1930s and 1940s. Pickford was therefore not only a product of the star system in the cinema but also a role model who displayed how it was possible for stars to find ways to use that system for their own success.
The fundamentals of Hollywood The star system in American film industry developed through three ways namely: comprehensive division of labor, redefinition of performance space in narrative film, and the widespread marketing of individual film performers. The history of the star system and its emergence between 1907 to 1922 included different types of discourse about film stars and the levels of knowledge relevant to analysis and understanding star images at all stages (DeCordova
Vaccines and Autism: A Critical Analysis of Thimerosal in Relation to Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Research Paper essay help site:edu
Abstract The issue of vaccines and autism has attracted a lot of attentionwithin medical circles. There are controversies in relation to the link between the two. Different people have varied opinions about this topic. Some claim there is an explicit relationship, while others oppose such arguments.
In this paper, the author sought to clarify the issue by analyzing existing evidence regarding the effects of vaccines. Information used was sourced from population studies, scientific consensus, and other independent research by individuals. It was made clear that autism has nothing to do with vaccines. Individuals who support this assertion rely on flawed research findings. Thimerosal, which is present in many vaccines, was critically scrutinized in this study.
The preservative is said to contain mercury, which is poison in itself. As a result of these concerns, the compound was removed from some vaccine products. Many people have questioned the rationale for this elimination. Findings made in studies carried out on measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines were analyzed and the relationship between autism and these drugs was found to be non-existent.
Vaccines and Autism: A Critical Analysis of Thimerosal in Relation to Measles, Mumps, and Rubella The safety and efficacy of vaccines has been the subject of many studies in the medical field. The drugs are believed to be the causal agents behind a number of medical disorders. Most of these drugs are administered to children on a routine basis as part of post-natal care. As a result, their safety must be enhanced for the sake of these consumers.
Before a vaccine is put into commercial use, tests to verify its safety are carried out. The tests are conducted on human population to check for any side effects (Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health
Global Experience at Work Event Essay online essay help
Introduction Business events are often informative, resourceful, and provide knowledge which can be transformed into a business idea. This paper is divided into three parts. The first part examines the nature of the event I attended, time of occurrence, location and reason for the choice of this event. Besides, goals are set for the event and expectations listed in the short and long terms. Part two and three of this paper examine the event into details from the attendee and planner perspectives in addition to a comprehensive SWOT analysis.
The Event I have selected the Global Experience at Work event which was hosted by the Ottawa Chamber of Commerce at the Sheraton Ottawa on February 18th, 2014 from 8:15 am to 10:30 am. The Global Experience at Work event was mainly organized for the purpose of exploration of career opportunities available in the business market.
This meeting encompassed best practices and alternative approach in doing business through engagement of experts. Specifically, the seminar touched on business incubation, the role of entrepreneurship among young people, and career growth in any business. In the posting for this event, the organizers promised a one-on-one interaction opportunity with the experts and business consultants in Ottawa.
Attendee’s Perspective In the Global experience at Work event, my main goal of attending the seminar was to acquire professional insight and research on career opportunities through interaction with the business management experts. This goal captured consultation on planning, financial services, and business models.
In the short term, my expectation was to grasp opportunities and acquire expert insight through interaction with business personalities. In the long term, I intend to transform the business insight into actual accomplishment by putting into practice the knowledge acquired.
Since this meeting attracted experts in different industries, I was lucky to be part of the event as it widened my scope and provided essential information on career opportunities, alternative business approach, and the future establishment of research based business venture.
Thus, this event was important in future career development and business establishment, as it provided a practical approach in operating business and expansion modeling. Reflectively, the event engaged my entrepreneurship senses. Among the amenities provided include entrepreneurship booklets, training vouchers, and free consultation with the astute business persons around Ottawa.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Planner’s Perspective Developing a business event program requires creation of relevant objectives and a realistic budget. In order to successfully execute these objectives, it is important to present a comprehensive event program focusing on intended goals and techniques for thirty participants.
The event organizers had to recruit teams to handle logistics, sound, refreshment, and security. The organizers had to hire the avenue and make arrangement for a permit from the local authority. Since the event targeted 400 attendees, the logistics team had to hire enough seats and outsource the services of catering and event management companies.
The budget for the event was three thousand seven hundred dollars. The budget was designed to improve on control of communication and ticketing while streamlining costs of operations as the event progressed. The budget for the Global experience at Work event is summarized in the table below.
Budget for the Event Cost Quantity Total Cost Booking Cost $500 0 $500 Advertisement Posters $2 100 $200 PA system hire $500 1 $500 Personnel hiring $200 10 $2,000 Advertisement media $500 $500 Total Cost $3,700 SWOT Analysis It is important to review the business event’s environment through a SWOT analysis in order to establish its effectiveness and sustainability.
The majority of targeted members of the audience are aspiring business persons with keen interest in developing sustainable entrepreneurship skills. This event has an advantage since it creates business opportunity awareness through its advertisement of the scope. Besides, the organizers of the event charged affordable fees for its services. The event organizers used strategies like business education to get the best from the experts since they had the capacity to quickly expand its audience’s network.
The catchment area for the event was narrow since it targeted to serve a small geographical area of Sheraton in Ottawa. The success of the event depended on the number of attendees. Unfortunately, there were only 250 attendees against the target of 400.
The services offered in the event, to enthusiastic entrepreneurs, are very sensitive to changing client preferences. For instance, a bad report or an unfortunately incident during the event may alter perception of the attendees. This may discourage them from attending the business event in the future. Thus, the event planners must create a waterproof public relations exercise to survive public scrutiny.
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With a typical well organized business expertise pool, the event is geared to quickly increase its impact since the beneficial interests can be distributed across the attendees. This strategy will facilitate the restructuring of effective public awareness campaigns for a similar event in the future.
Conclusion Conclusively, this event offered a comprehensive insight of the corporate world. I attended the entrepreneurship event and got a part time job offer by a freelance fashion store as their sales ambassador.
The Hart-Devlin Debate Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Summary of arguments by Hart and Devlin
Devlin’s arguments are correct
How homosexuality harms society
The theory of utilitarianism
Weaknesses of Hart’s arguments
Introduction Morality can be defined as a set of rules or principles that guide the process of making decisions and behavior in society. It also includes principles that define what is acceptable and unacceptable in society. On the other hand, law refers to principles that augment and maintain the morality code in society.
The issue of law and morality is a complex matter that has been widely discussed in various fields including religion, law, and psychology. Many debates have discussed the relationship between morality and law. For instance, the Hart and Devlin debate tried to determine this relationship. Each of the two took a different side in an effort to establish the role that should be played by law with regard to morality. However, their views and suggestions contradicted each other and did present an agreement.
The two represent two schools of thought regarding the matter. The Wolfenden Committee investigated the critical issue of allowing homosexuality and prostitution in society. The report of the committee stated that it is not the responsibility of law to solve immorality. The Hart-Devlin debate was an attempt to contribute to the findings of the Wolfenden committee.
The debate was between Professor Hart and Patrick Devlin. The argument was that homosexuality should be made legal because of the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality. The recommendations of the committee emanated from the principles of utilitarianism. The law is not supposed to interfere with the lives of people as a way of influencing behavior.
This paper will try to solve the controversy by defending Devlin’s arguments. In addition, it will try to demonstrate the flaws present in Hart’s arguments. Homosexuality and prostitution will be discussed as examples of common immoral conduct, and explain why they should be criminalized by discussing their effects on individuals and society. Finally, the paper will use the theory of utilitarianism and the principle of harm to support certain arguments.
Summary of arguments by Hart and Devlin Devlin argued that it is important to establish laws that control morality because law not only protects individuals but also the society (Ward 26). To Devlin, morality is a requisite for maintenance of good laws that preserve the freedom of conscience, and reduce the probability of tyranny. In addition, he argued that any behavior is capable of causing harm if not regulated by law (Ward 26).
He was of the view that law should be superior to morality and thus control behavior. On the contrary, Hart argued that law should not adhere to the principles of populism. According to Devlin, the majority is not always right. Their ideas and principles are always covered with superstition and prejudice that do not guarantee them to be referred to as guiding principles (Ward 26). To support his argument, Hart referred to John Stuart Mill’s harm principle.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hart disagreed with Devlin’s argument that morality should be guided and determined by law. Hart supported the committee’s recommendation of legalizing homosexuality and prostitution based on the teachings of Mill. Hart argued that enforcing a moral code was unnecessary, undesirable, and morally wrong (Ward 26). He argued that doing so would interfere with individual liberty and curtail the development of moral principles.
Devlin’s arguments are correct In refuting the recommendations of the Wolfenden committee, Devlin based his arguments on natural law. Modern legal experts do not an agreement as to whether it is constitutional and right for certain laws to illegalize certain behaviors or conduct based on the fact that a state has authority to control moral views. There is no consensus about whether a state should regulate certain behaviors because of its moral authority.
The Wolfenden committee gave its opinion regarding criminal law. The committee stated that one of the roles of law is to maintain order and morality in the society. Committee members argued that criminal law mainly protects vulnerable people such as children who are not mature enough to understand the intricacies of certain conduct. The committee added that law is not supposed to pursue maters related with immorality.
According to the committee’s recommendation, it is not the responsibility of law to enforce morality. This begs the question: why does law defend citizens against acts such as harm and indecency? Hart and Devlin had clashing arguments because the interpretation of what is harmful to people is relative. For example, Hart argued that the law should not concern itself with immorality (Heilbronn 16). However, in many states, rape is a crime because it hurts and inures people physically, emotionally, and psychologically.
Hart did not consider homosexuality and prostitution as behaviors that can cause harm to people. Devlin differed with Hart on this by arguing that the law should not only protect people but also the society. Devlin was right by arguing that it is imperative for the government to preserve the society. According to Devlin, a society is an important aspect of human survival. A society is preserved by good political, moral, and ethical ideologies and principles. One of the most important aspects of a society is its moral fabric.
According to Devlin, the law should implement certain ethical codes in order to ensure that the moral fabric of the society does not disintegrate. One of the reasons that eradicate social order from societies is absolute freedom for people to do as they wish. Law is important in order to protect the most important aspects of society. One of the causes of societal disintegration is loose moral codes.
It is important for a society to have a guiding moral code to ensure that people do not cross certain boundaries that define what is toxic and what is beneficial to the well being of the society. Elimination of vices from a community is one of the most critical roles of law. Prostitution and homosexuality are two main sources of moral decay in society. Therefore, it is important for states to enact laws that address these issues.
We will write a custom Essay on The Hart-Devlin Debate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Devlin, any type of behavior possesses the potential to cause harm to society by destroying social cohesion (Heilbronn 16). Prostitution and homosexuality are such behaviors or actions that have the potential to destabilize a society.
Therefore, it is imperative to implement moral laws that serve to protect the society from the destructive and destabilizing aspects of prostitution and homosexuality. It is important to explore the harm that homosexuality and prostitution pose to both the individual and society in order to validate Devlin’s argument.
How homosexuality harms society Research has found out that the rate of domestic violence is 20 times higher among homosexuals than it is among heterosexuals (Davies et al. 56). One of the negative effects of homosexuality is child molestation. Studies have revealed that homosexuals perpetrate about 33 percent of all cases of child molestation (Davies et al. 56).
Statistics have shown that the approximate population of homosexuals in the world is 3 percent. Comparing the reported cases of child molestation and the population of homosexuals reveals that the rate of child molestation is very high. Homosexuality has debilitating effects on families. Families are the most critical components of a society. Therefore, any factor that affects them affects the society. The family unit is in danger because some countries have legalized homosexuality.
For example, in the Netherlands, many families have fallen apart due to homosexual relationships (Davies et al. 58). Homosexual relationships and marriages deny children the opportunity to grow up in a family. It becomes difficult for such children to grow up well because the stigma associated with homosexuality is high. Many children undergo damaging psychological and emotional experiences that affect their normal development. On the other hand, homosexuality is also associated with promiscuity.
Promiscuous behaviors associated with immorality include child sexual abuse, domestic violence, and drug abuse. It is also associated with physical diseases and mental illnesses. These factors contribute towards the degradation of society because they affect children negatively and contribute towards the disintegration of families.
Devlin asserted that using law to control immorality is like using rules to control a game (Heilbronn 16). Without rules, players who play as they wish and order would be nonexistent. Similarly, a society without laws to control morality is laden with immorality that would eradicate social order and cohesion.
Devlin added that law should be used to control immorality in certain cases. He argued that law should apply when the ideas of the majority regarding an immoral act prevail. Dworkin, who demanded to know the criteria that would be used to determine the immoral acts that fall under the jurisdiction of law, criticizes Devlin’s argument (Heilbronn 17). Devlin argued that law should only be used to restrict certain conduct.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Hart-Devlin Debate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He offered a solution to Dworkin’s question by stating that when an immoral act causes outrage, disgust, and intolerance among the people, then law should be used to decriminalize that act (Heilbronn 17). Few immoral acts endanger the well-being of the society. Therefore, it would be wise to use it selectively in order to safeguard the privacy of morality. If the public disapprove an immoral act, then the state should intervene by enacting a law to criminalize it.
How prostitution affects society
Prostitution degrades social systems of justice in several ways. First, it devalues women because it encourages men to view and treat them as objects to satisfy their sexual urges. It debases the dignity of women and ignores the importance of love, respect, and commitment as ingredients of successful families and relationships. Second, it undermines the role and importance of marriage by promoting promiscuity.
Third, it worsens the financial welfare of families because a large portion of available funds is channeled to health and welfare matters. Individuals spend a lot of money on medical treatment. Finally, it exposes men and women to the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Many people who engage in prostitution infect their partners who do not suspect infidelity in their marriages or relationships.
Prostitution has negative effects on individuals and society. For example, it undermines the value of women and offers men an opportunity to exploit them. In cases where men engage in prostitution, it gives women an opportunity to men.
People who engage in prostitution experience stigma because prostitution is an immoral act. Examples of factors that promote prostitution are financial hardship as well as poor and unfulfilling relationships. Prostitution is harmful to women because it encourages rape, violence, and homicide. Many women have been physically assaulted, exploited, and tortured. On the other hand, prostitution undermines the value of marriage and family.
Many people who engage in prostitution are married. Men who experience dissatisfaction in their marriages turn to prostitutes for sexual satisfaction. As mentioned earlier, family is the building block of society. Therefore, its disintegration contributes towards the disintegration of society. According to Devlin, law should criminalize an act if that act causes intolerance and disgust among people (Sixth Form Law par4).
Majority of people do not support prostitution because of its effects on those involved and the society. Hart was wrong by arguing that law should not concern itself with immorality owing to the privacy of morality and freedom. He did not consider protecting the society’s welfare as important as preserving the individual right to privacy and freedom of choice. Devlin offered several guidelines that should define the relationship between law and morality. He stated that the privacy of morality should be esteemed.
However, if it does not serve to improve the well being of individuals and society, then law should intervene. In addition, he argued that law should only intervene when people become disgusted and intolerant with regard to certain acts or behaviors (Sixth Form Law par6). Devlin was aware of the importance of respecting the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality.
To advance this awareness, he suggested that law should have limits such that it only intervenes in situations that cause disgust and intolerance in the society. Devlin understood the importance of freedom in society. To protect individuals and society from the risks of immorality, laws should be enacted to criminalize certain acts of immorality.
The theory of utilitarianism Devlin’s arguments could be validated by the theory of utilitarianism. According to utilitarianism, an action is either right or wrong based on its outcome (Scarre 1). The theory goes beyond the needs of one person to the needs of others. John Stuart Mill made critical contributions to this theory. According to Mill, utilitarianism emphasizes the happiness of the majority rather than that of an individual as a basis for determining right and wrong (Scarre 4).
This theory can be used to support Devlin’s arguments and determine whether they were sensible. Devlin stated that law should decriminalize conduct only in cases where certain acts or behaviors caused intolerance and disgust among people. According to Mill, an act is right if it gives happiness to the majority (Scarre 4). If society becomes disgusted because of an act or behavior, then the act is an obstacle to happiness. According to utilitarianism, such an act is wrong.
Bentham’s principle of utility explores the role of pain and pleasure in the lives of people. An important aspect of the principle is its criteria of measuring pleasure and pain. The principle considers the purity of an action as a basis for determining whether it is wrong or right. According to the Bentham, pleasure should not be followed by pain. The principle can be used to support Devlin’s arguments.
Immorality offers momentary pleasure. However, it is followed by pain that lasts for a long time. It hurts individuals and society. According to utilitarianism, the interests of the majority are more important than the interests of the minority. Therefore, if an act or behavior vexes the majority, then it should be criminalized. Differences emerged between Devlin and Hart because of the difficulty experienced in determining the scope of law with regard to morality.
In his arguments, Devlin asked a question that sought to know the type of conduct that should be criminalized. He offered an answer by introducing the aspect of harm. If certain conduct causes harm, it should be criminalized. As demonstrated through the discussion of homosexuality and prostitution, immorality causes harm to individuals and society. Therefore, it is important to criminalize it. Devlin’s arguments were valid.
Weaknesses of Hart’s arguments Hart argued that people should be given freedom to do what they want (Sixth Form Law par10). He supported the Wolfenden committee’s recommendation to decriminalize homosexuality and prostitution because of the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality. He argued that the views of the majority are usually based on superstition, fear, ignorance, and prejudice that should not be used to impose unfair principles and ideologies on other people (Sixth Form Law par10).
Freedom is a basic human right that should be fostered and respected. People should be allowed to express themselves through their actions and choices. However, other factors are important to the development of human life. When formulating his arguments, Hart considered only one aspect of human life and ignored the other. Human beings have an individual aspect and a social aspect.
Hart ignored the social aspect of human beings. As social beings, humans rely on their communities, social groups, and families for support. These families, communities, and social groups form what is referred to as society. Therefore, society is an important aspect of human life. If individuality is important to people, so is society.
Law should protect and promote the development of individuality as well as the advancement of society. Hart viewed law as an obstacle to the progress of individuality. However, it serves both individuals and society. Devlin was aware of the critical role played by law in advancing individuality. He argued that legislature should consider certain core principles when enacting laws. For example, it should enact laws that respect individual freedom and individual privacy.
He argued that law should only act when the integrity of society is severely violated. According to Devlin, this allowed for toleration of maximum individual freedom as long as it fostered and respected the integrity of society. He was right because certain conduct even though immoral, does not violate the integrity of society. Law should be applied selectively and legislature should consider the aforementioned principles before implementing laws that affect morality.
Hart further used Mill’s harm principle to support his arguments. According to the harm principle, limits should be placed on an individual’s actions only if they harm people. Hart used this principle selectively by failing to evaluate the harm that immorality causes. As mentioned earlier, immorality causes harm to both individuals and society.
This was evident from exploration of the effects of homosexuality and prostitution. Therefore, it is right to criminalize acts of immorality that harm other people. Hart focused more on individual liberty and ignored its effects on other people when applied in certain instances. Devlin did not refute that individual liberty is important.
However, he was concerned that if not limited in certain situations, then it had the potential to hurt other people. In contemporary society, many nations operate on the principle of majority rule. Therefore, whatever is comfortable to the majority in society becomes rule. In order to avoid contradiction and conflict of interest, it is important to develop guiding principles that determine how people behave in various circumstances.
It is impossible to satisfy everyone in society. For that reason, compromise is an important factor in finding a common ground on which to operate. According to Dworkin, the Hart-Devlin debate should be overlooked. He stated that criminalization or decriminalization of behavior should be based on whether it is a basic or universal liberty. He suggested that law should not criminalize all basic liberties but only those that harm other people. It is important to reach consensus when defining harm as well as basic and universal liberties.
The definition of immorality is relative but its relationship to law could be well defined by considering the arguments of Devlin. Devlin’ argument was the most sensible because it considered and valued individual liberty as well as the importance of society. Hart ignored the value of society in the development of individual welfare.
Conclusion The Hart-Devlin debate was motivated by a report published by the Wolfenden committee that recommended the decriminalization of prostitution and homosexuality. The committee argued that law should not interfere with the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality. Hart’s arguments were weak because they were biased. They emphasized the importance of individual liberty and ignored the significance of creating a society that advances individual liberty.
On the other hand, Devlin’s arguments were strong and unbiased. They included the importance of individual liberty and society. Devlin argued that it is important to control conduct in order to foster the well-being of individuals and society. Further, he argued that society and individual liberty are equally important to human beings. However, he urged legislature to respect individual liberty in its process of implementing laws that affect morality.
Prostitution and homosexuality are examples of behaviours that harm individuals and society. Therefore, Devlin was right in stating that law should criminalize conduct based on the harm it causes. The foregoing discussion on prostitution and homosexuality shows how they affect individuals and society. Devlin’s arguments are augmented by the theory of utilitarianism and the principle of harm.
The theory of utilitarianism states that the happiness of the majority is more important than that of the minority when defining right and wrong. Devlin’s arguments can be based on this theory. If immorality does not bring happiness to the majority in society, it should be criminalized .
Hart’s arguments disrespected society as a vital aspect of human life. In formulating and presenting his arguments, Hart ignored the importance of advancing society through criminalization of conduct that harms other people. People are social beings. Therefore, the well-being of the society should be preserved and advanced because society is a product of people’s socialization.
Works Cited Davies, Pamela, Francis Peter, and Geer Chris. Victims, Crime, and Society. New York: SAGE, 2007. Print.
Heilbronn, Gary. Introducing the Law. New York: CCH Australia Limited, 2008. Print.
Scarre, Geoffrey. Utilitarianism. New York: Routledge, 2002. Print.
Sixth Form Law: Hart-Devlin Debate. (n.d). Web. .
Ward, Ian. Introduction to Critical Legal Theory. New York: Psychology Press, 2009. Print.
Perception of Organized Crime Essay college admissions essay help
Organized crime, in my view, occurs when two or more persons form a rational, ongoing conspiracy to commit crime for reasons such as the desire to make a profit or religious and political extremism. The term can therefore be described as a continuing criminal undertaking that rationally works to benefit from illegal activities through the use of force, intimidation, domination, and/or the corruption of public officials.
This perception is supported in the literature by Albanese (2012), who also argues that the criminal enterprise might consist of two individuals engaged in a small-scale conspiracy, or a comprehensive network of individuals located in several countries but glued together by their intent to commit a multinational crime.
Several assumptions have been made in providing the definition of organized crime. For example, it has been assumed that a single offender has no capacity to plan and execute organized crime, that there must be a form of rational planning for organized crime to be successfully executed, and that organized crime offenders do not necessary seek to benefit financially from their criminal enterprise.
The personal description and perception of organized crime, in my view, is different from the descriptions found in the two books. For example, although Lyman and Potter (2007) agree that organized crime is a rational, ongoing conspiracy among two or more persons to commit a crime, they nevertheless argue that the most profitable forms of organized crime primarily focus on scams and schemes involving absolutely legal actions such as labor racketeering and extortion.
The distinctive feature, therefore, is embedded in the fact that it may be difficult to distinguish organized crime from other legal activities. In sampling the major similarity, however, it is evident that organized crime entails a rational, ongoing conspiracy because the authors agree that crimes of this nature are not just organized but well thought out and executed with the precise objective of evading detection.
The personal perception of organized crime is also different from the definition provided by Mallory (2007), although a few similarities can be noted. The author is of the opinion that a proper definition of organized crime “refers to acts that are both mala in se and mala prohibita, and includes detailed information about how these activities became organized” (Mallory, 2007 p. 3).
However, he acknowledges that there is no agreed upon definition of organized crime, hence persons, agencies and states dealing with this form of crime must take into account the structure, objectives for conspiracy, and characteristics of the group on a case-by-case basis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In discussing the characteristics associated with organized criminal behavior, one of the underlying factors is that actors in organized crime may not necessarily be driven by profit gain. For example, Islamic terrorists commit crimes of an organized nature largely due to religious and political considerations. Another characteristic of organized criminal behavior is premised on the fact that two or more people must come together to form an ongoing conspiracy, with the view to executing crimes for whatever reasons.
Indeed, Albanese (2012) opines that “the vast majority of these offenses simply cannot be carried out effectively by lone offenders, by those who are not organized, or by those without contacts in other countries” (p. 3). For example, the transnational crime of child trafficking is committed by two or more people, who must have formed a rational, ongoing conspiracy to execute the crime across several countries.
Another defining characteristic associated with organized criminal behavior is that, in most instances, the actors in the criminal enterprise employ force, threats, and intimidation to protect markets, or disorient the social fabric by igniting fear among the populace. However, as suggested by Treadwell (2014), this trend is increasingly changing as more and more people engage in cybercrime. As a matter of fact, most cybercrimes are organized in nature and scope, but actors can perpetrate a crime against an individual several thousand miles away from them.
Other characteristics of organized crime include (1) a clear unit of command within a group, (2) principle of definition, which clearly defines authority and responsibility of members, (3) a span of control, (4) principle of objectivity, which defines the purpose of the organization or the business that is undertaken, (5) insulation and the need-to-know principle, which binds members to only contact their immediate boss and peers, (6) a pyramidal structure, whereby orders and important decisions are made at the top, (7) principle of specialization, which binds members to be experts in a single job function, and (8) strict adherence to rules (Mallory, 2012).
Overall, this paper has looked into the issue of organized crime from a personal perspective and also from the definitions provided in the readings. Additionally, the characteristics associated with organized criminal behavior have been well illuminated.
Drawing from this exposition, it is clear that no singular definition of organized crime will ever be developed; however, criminologists and other interested parties must learn to develop a consensus in defining this form of crime based on the nature and scope of the case as well as the distinctive features and characteristics of groups involved in organized crime.
References Albanese, J.D. (2012). Deciphering the linkages between organized crime and transnational crime. Journal of International Affairs, 66(1), 1-16.
We will write a custom Essay on Perception of Organized Crime specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lyman, M.D.,
Ambivalent Conquest Essay (Book Review) essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents An Overview of the Book
Clendinnen’s Main Argument
Methods and Evidence
Strengths and Weakness of the Book
Significance of the Book
An Overview of the Book In the Ambivalent Conquest, the author, Inga Clendinnen examines the Mayan trials initiated by Diego De Landa when he visited the Yucatan in 1561. Landa’s inquisition was motivated by reports of human sacrifice purportedly performed by the Mayans, whom he believed had been converted to Christianity.
Landa set out to eliminate the pagan practice of sacrifice of young women from a region that was under his control. He had brought Christianity to the natives and instituted a royal court to try Spanish soldiers who had committed crimes against the natives. However, the relapse into pagan worship made him to set up harsh trials against the natives in a bid to root out the practice.
Clendinnen attempts to explain Landa’s actions when he served as a rights activist and as an inquisitor. The author uses Landa’s pieces of writing, including the ‘Relacion’, to explore why Landa advocated for justice for torture victims (natives), but later punished the natives who offered human sacrifices.
In the book, Clendinnen analyzes the different issues raised by historians and scholars about Landa’s inhumane actions against the natives. She carefully explores the historical contexts, incidents, and controversies surrounding the Mayan culture and way of life. Overall, the book provides a compelling argument on the subject of Landa’s role before and after Yucatan’s Spanish invasion.
Clendinnen’s Main Argument The book presents the author’s narrative in a clear and unequivocal manner. The author’s monogram is clear, detailed, and replete with facts. However, the information bountiful information provided makes it difficult to understand the book’s thesis. The book’s chapters, the monogram, and the conclusion do not explain the author’s central argument.
Clendinnen’s main argument relates to her attitude and views about the Mayan culture. The author writes that Landa treated the Maya people with love and thus, felt betrayed when they left Christianity and returned to their heathen practices. Thus, in a bid to correct them, he instituted harsh inquisition trials against them.
In the author’s view, Although Landa did not intend to the Maya people, his punishment was unjustifiably severe. She argues that the inquisitions gave Landa another opportunity to redeem the lost souls of people he considered his sons and daughters. Previously, Landa had sought justice for the Maya people who had been tortured by the Spanish military and thus, his inquisition trials were not meant to eliminate them, but rather to save them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This interesting argument underscores the author’s perspectives on Landa’s actions towards the Maya people. She argues that Landa’s actions during the Mayan trials, though very severe at the time compared to other inquisitions, were justified. To reinforce this argument, the author describes the procedures were used during the inquisition and observes that Landa was fair in deciding who to be punished. Moreover, the author seems to believe that Landa had the authority and jurisdiction to oversee the trials.
The inquisition was instituted in 1230 C.E. to fight paganism and heathen practices in parts of Europe. It, however, led to the persecution of small religious sects by the Catholic Church. The Dominicans and Franciscans later dominated the inquisition, but received orders from the Papal Bull.
At the time, Landa was an appointed Franciscan Order who had arrived in Yucatan in 1549. He initiated the trials in 1561 without waiting for the orders of the appointed Bishop who was on his way to the Yucatan. The author argues that Landa’s actions were excessively severe and cannot be construed as disciplinary.
Methods and Evidence The author uses Landa’s own books on his Yucatan trip to explore his perspective on the inquisition trials. She uses the Landa’s book titled the Relacion de la Cosas de Yucatec to explain Landa’s perspective about the trials and his earlier opposition against the Spanish incursion in Yucatan.
This primary source allowed the author to articulate Landa’s perspective on the subject. Clendinnen also presents her narrative through a monograph on Landa’s actions between 1517 and 1570. In the monograph, she provides detailed information and her perspective on this historical subject.
Thus, her use of various primary sources, including those authored by Landa lends credence to her analysis of the historical injustices meted against the Maya during Landa’s inquisition trials. Moreover, Clendinnen’s monograph on this topic gives important insights into the Mayan culture and life. She presents her perspective in a way that does not criticize prevalent social, religious, and political conditions during this time.
Strengths and Weakness of the Book In this book, Clendinnen attempts to explain Landa’s actions when he championed for the rights of the Maya people and when he established trials against them. One of the strengths of this book relates to the author’s use of primary sources of information, including books authored by Landa, to support her argument.
We will write a custom Book Review on Ambivalent Conquest specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As aforementioned, this makes her argument compelling to the reader. Among the sources used is Landa’s ‘Relacion’ in which he explains the rationales for his ambivalent conquest. The author also explores the controversial issues surrounding this conquest.
Another major strength of the book is the inclusion of the author’s monograph. The monograph presents the historical facts and perspectives without condemning the Catholic Church, the Spanish military, the Dominicans, or the Franciscans. The monograph is also presented in a clear and readable manner. The narrative captivates the reader, as it is straightforward. However, some aspects of this book make it inadequate.
One of the weaknesses of this book is that the author’s thesis is not clear. Although Clendinnen organizes her narrative into different chapters, a monograph, and a conclusion, she does not clearly state her argument from the outset. Her failure to state the book’s thesis made her argument vague and equivocal.
Clendinnen at some point writes that the Mexican Provincial Council had by 1555 put in place clear policies and procedures on how inquisitions are conducted, which Landa should have followed. However, she does not provide a relevant citation to support this assertion.
Clendinnen portrays Landa as a patriarchal leader whose actions were so severe and inhumane. It is difficult to determine whether the Yucatan leaders were familiar with the Mexican Council’s inquisition order. Despite Clendinnen’s assertion, Landa may not have been familiar with such an order, which explains his inhumane actions.
Significance of the Book The book’s account of Landa’s actions reveals the historical injustices meted against the Maya people. It shows Landa’s role in liberating them from the Spanish incursion, his missionary work, and inhumane trials against the natives who had strayed to heathen practices. It underscores Landa’s sincere quest for the revival of the Mayans, which, however, subjected them to torture and inhumane treatment.
Bibliography Clendinnen Inga. Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniards in Yucatan, 1517-1570.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ambivalent Conquest by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Footnotes Inga Clendinnen. Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniards in Yucatan, 1517-1570. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 17
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 25
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 25
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 121
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 78
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 43
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 71
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 212
Corporate Social Responsibility Role in Operations Management Report scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Overall, such a notion as corporate social responsibility (CSR) can be understood as the liability of an organization to its major stakeholders, in particular, clients, employees, and investors.
Furthermore, this concept can be used to describe the efforts of a company to increase the social, environmental, and economic benefits of their activities. These are the main interpretations that can be offered. CSR incorporates such elements as accountability of the management, safety of clients and employees, environmental protection, compensation, and quality control.
It is possible to single out five things that I would implement in order to implement the principles of CSR. First of all, I would focus on quality control of products and services. This initiative can improve the experiences of customers; moreover, it can help the company increase its profitability. So, this investment will be justified.
Secondly, I will implement a performance-appraise system that can take into account the contribution of every worker. Moreover, it may be necessary to raise the compensation of some employees. Although, this approach may increase the running expenses of the company, but it will help this organization retain the most talented staff. Thirdly, one should focus on the adoption of eco-friendly technologies. The main advantage of this policy is that it can give the company a technological edge.
Additionally, this strategy can reduce the impact of the company’s activities on the environment. Apart from that, it is critical to focus on the risk management in the organization. This emphasis is important for eliminating the threats to the life and health of workers. Finally, the management should select those suppliers that can deliver only high-quality raw materials or component parts.
These elements of corporate social responsibility are compatible with the financial interests of a business. Researchers emphasize that “operations managers are at forefront of trying to balance any costs of CSR with any benefits” (Slack, Chambers,
The Argument on the Specific Roles of Language, Knowledge, and Ideology Essay argumentative essay help
The connection between ideology, reason, knowledge, and language is discussed by many researchers because of the necessity to look at the role of relations between knowledge and language as the specific social power. These relations are discussed by Gary Peller within the social context, and the author states that knowledge, truth, objectivity, and reason can be considered as the victory in relation to the specific way of representing the world because people discuss these aspects as the truth without any interpretation.
This approach means the power of the tools used to represent the world as the absolute truth. To understand that this absence of interpretation is the result of using ideological tools and language and that culture and politics are closely connected with language and knowledge, it is necessary to refer to the works by Louis Althusser, Robert Ardrey, Kenneth Burke, Jeanne Gunner, and Doug Sweet.
Focusing on Peller’s idea, it is possible to note that people refer to truth, knowledge, and reason without interpretation because of the cultural and ideological impacts. Thus, Althusser pays much attention to the role of ideologies for forming the opinion or possible interpretation, and he states that the school, church, and army can teach ‘know-how’, “but in forms which ensure subjection to the ruling ideology or the mastery of its ‘practice’” (Althusser par. 23).
To add more vividness to the stated idea, Althusser continues that “Schools and Churches use suitable methods of punishment, expulsion, selection, etc., to ‘discipline’ not only their shepherds, but also their flocks” (Althusser par. 38). Focusing on Althusser’s statements, it is possible to state that knowledge and objectivity mentioned by Peller are only the perceptions formed with references to the ruling ideology, and this is the victory of the approach because people become forced to perceive the reality ‘objectively’.
The victory of the particular way to see the world associated with the notions of truth, knowledge, and reason depends on the large cultural and ideological lens, as it is stated by Gunner and Sweet. The success of such perceptions is based on the simple idea proclaimed by the authors that “the language we use shapes the stories we tell” (Gunner and Sweet 165).
In the next sentences, Gunner and Sweet provide the explanation to their simple and effective idea while stating that the process is ideological, and “by using language, we are automatically applying a particular lens that tells us how to see events, how to understand and judge them. Our view of our lives and the world at large is thus mediated by language” (Gunner and Sweet 165).
From this point, the representation of the world can be discussed as true because of the people’s reliance on lens and language shaped by ideology. Gunner and Sweet also state that the language style “is not separate from ideas” (Gunner and Sweet 180). Thus, language, knowledge, and ideology are closely connected, as it was stated earlier.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If Gunner and Sweet discuss the ideology as the specific lens to speak about the world and reality, Burke uses the idea of a color filter used in photography. Thus, Burke states that a photograph can reveal differences in form and texture, “depending upon which color filter was used for the documentary description of the event being recorded” (Burke 45).
This metaphor can be discussed as rather successful to represent the role of terms as filters for telling the story in order to guarantee its interpretation as the true one. Referring to the role of language and terms, Burke states that “the terms direct the attention to one field rather than to another”, thus, our observations of the world and reality are directly dependent on “our particular choice of terms” (Burke 46).
Thus, any terms necessarily “constitute a corresponding kind of screen” (Burke 50). While discussing the Peller’s statement, it is important to refer to Burke’s vision of the ‘screens’ made by terms because these screens, as well as Gunner and Sweet’s lens, make people perceive the stories told in relation to the history, economy, and social development as the truth because the victory is in using the effective linguistic tools. This approach is rational.
To look at the question from the other perspective, it is necessary to refer to Ardrey’s idea of anti-rational power used in the society. Thus, Ardrey claims that “conscience in human society becomes an essentially anti-rational power”, however, “conscience must exist in one form only, my own” (Ardrey 351). This statement supports the idea that ideology, knowledge, and reason work because they are widely accepted and function as people’s own perceptions and interpretations.
That is why, having examined the works by Louis Althusser, Robert Ardrey, Kenneth Burke, Jeanne Gunner, and Doug Sweet, it is possible to note that the authors’ arguments support the idea developed by Peller who is inclined to focus on the correlation between knowledge, reason, truth, and language as the important forces in the society.
The key to the victory is in the specific way of representing the world, and linguistic tools provide people with the opportunity to guarantee the expected perception of the reason, knowledge, and truth.
Works Cited Althusser, Louis. Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses. n.d. Web. .
We will write a custom Essay on The Argument on the Specific Roles of Language, Knowledge, and Ideology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ardrey, Robert. African Genesis: A Personal Investigation Into the Animal Origins and Nature of Man. USA: McGill-Queen’s Press – MQUP, 1963. Print.
Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. USA: University of California Press, 1966. Print.
Gunner, Jeanne, and Doug Sweet. Grounds for Writers: Critical Perspectives for Reading. USA: Longman Publishing Group, 2007. Print.
Espresso Drive- Through Business and Product Cycle Essay college essay help: college essay help
The Espresso/Coffee Drive -Through will be a dessert café which will be located in Woodley Park, Washington DC. The area records high human and vehicular traffic which makes it appropriate for customers who are interested in consuming espresso, coffee and dessert products from the comfort of their vehicles.
This business idea is responsive to current trends because many urban consumers prefer fast foods to normal dining experiences due to time restrictions. The business will use tax incentives within this location to cut on costs and to differentiate itself in the market to help it attract large numbers of consumers. Value added features such as deliveries and internet booking of orders will also be adopted to make customers appreciate the quality of service offered.
Startup costs are estimated to be 50,000 dollars and this will be obtained mainly from personal savings because the business is a sole proprietorship. The business will offer consumers both personalized and technological service solutions that are convenient to their consumption patterns. The point of sale will have both coffee and espresso dispensers for consumers interested in getting instant services.
Additionally, consumers that prefer to consume the products within the premises will be served by service staff in the restaurant as they enjoy a warm ambience. Even though the restaurant mainly targets consumers who are on the move, its internal décor and sitting arrangements will be designed in a manner that increases customers’ comfort. The firm intends to use a strong consumer engagement strategy to develop products which serve clients’ needs effectively.
All espresso, coffee and dessert products are still in the introduction stage of the product life cycle. It will be important for the firm to adopt effective marketing and promotional channels to increase the number of clients who purchase and consume its products. The firm will leverage on the strong performance of its brand in the market to build customer trust and loyalty.
As a result, customers will be in a position to appreciate the value they get out of consuming these products and this will make it difficult for them to be swayed by substitute products offered by rival competitors. To achieve this target, the firm will have to invest in strong research and development processes to ensure it develops products that conform to consumers’ lifestyles and needs.
Strong customer service by the firm’s staff will be used to make consumers have positive perceptions about the quality of services offered by the firm. The primary mode of marketing the firm intends to rely on is word of mouth from satisfied customers who are willing to make repeat visits with their friends, colleagues and family members.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since it targets mainly an urban and sophisticated population, the restaurant will provide a wide range of solutions that satisfy diverse consumption patterns. Online bookings, deliveries and self-service are some of the valuable features that are going to be included in the overall service plan. If necessary, the firm will consider expanding its product line to incorporate new offerings that are likely to attract consumers from other social and cultural segments.
More importantly, the firm intends to increase its sales by 40% and 20%, in the second and third years of its operations respectively. After the third year, the strategic outlook focuses on opening three new branches in the city due to maximize on the increase in brand value in the market.
Compensation management Report (Assessment) essay help
Compensation plans that employees and employers might favor Employees are more likely to favor defined contribution plans over defined benefit plans. A defined contribution plan involves contributions by both an employee and employer toward an employee’s pension plan.
In a defined contribution plan, an employer pays a monthly amount of money toward an employee’s retirement benefits (Martocchio, 2011a, 2011b). Defined contribution plans give employees some assurance that they would benefit from their pension plans because they would control the amount they would be contributing, as well as what their employers would be contributing on a monthly basis.
Through defined contribution plans, employees are able to earn interest on the retirement savings because they are invested in many forms of investments, for example, stock markets and real estates, among others. Once an employee retires, his or her account is utilized to offer retirement benefits, which could sometimes be used to buy an annuity that provides a regular source of income (Martocchio, 2011b).
Plans that employers might favor On the other hand, employers might favor defined benefit plans over defined contribution plans. Employers use predetermined formula to calculate what they contribute toward an employee’s retirement plan. Rather than giving contributions based on the amount of money that employees contribute, employers use parameters such as an employee’s age, salary history, period of service, and age to calculate the actual amounts (Martocchio, 2011b).
The inclusion of the factors in the calculation results in different amounts of contributions made by an employer to different workers within an organization. In addition, employers would calculate and be aware of the amount of retirements that they would pay to workers (Martocchio, 2011a).
Choices to control healthcare costs Employers can control the amount of costs they incur in providing healthcare to their workers by several ways. First, they can promote healthcare consumerism by enhancing cost transparency and consumer buying behavior.
Consumerism would enable employees to become better shoppers with regard to healthcare services (Martocchio, 2011b). Second, they can select providers who are characterized by competitive healthcare rates or costs. By so doing, they would make considerable savings on the costs they would pay for their employees’ healthcare.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Third, employers can invest in personal health coaches who would work to ensure that employees do not engage in lifestyle activities that would lead to poor health. This could involve advising workers to stop smoking and eating healthy food. Fourth, they can encourage their workers to be more proactive with regard to their healthcare matters (Martocchio, 2011a, 2011b). This would help employees get better coinsurance percentages, deductible amounts and health savings account contributions.
Pros and cons of top-down versus bottom-up budgeting in compensation Top-down budgeting is a cost effective budgeting approach used in compensation because it does not involve many persons (Martocchio, 2011b). Employers or managers are in control of the funds that are budgeted through top-down approach. However, the budgeting method makes it difficult to engage workers who are the beneficiaries of compensation plans (Martocchio, 2011a). Also, it is difficult to change top-down budgeting because it is controlled by the top management.
With bottom-up budgeting, employees are engaged in financial estimation process. Also, the needs of workers are considered because they give their views during the budgeting process. However, bottom-up budgeting is characterized by high costs due to a high number of persons involved in the process. The budgeting approach is difficult to evaluate and legitimate with regard to attracting more funds for compensation (Martocchio, 2013).
Controlling labor costs Many organizations spend a significant amount of their income on labor. Although labor is an essential component in realizing excellent and sustained growth, organizations should aim to control labor costs (Martocchio, 2013). Reducing overtime and implementing measures to avoid overtime in the future would be a good way to control labor costs. Cost management objectives should be achieved by a proper analysis of labor budget. In addition, the number of workers should be reduced based on census fluctuations.
References Martocchio, J. J. (2011a). Employee Benefits: A primer for Human Resources Professionals. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Martocchio, J. J (2011b). Strategic Compensation: A human Resource Management Approach (6th ed.). Upper Saddle Valley, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Martocchio, J. J (2013). Employee benefits. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
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Generations at the Workplace Essay (Critical Writing) best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Mature Generation
Introduction Employees who belong to different generations have varied expectations, skills, and experiences that affect their work both positively and negatively. This paper will identify and discuss the factors that help and hinder the performance of various generations at the workforce.
Generation Y Generation Y employees are techno-savvy. They have excellent skills for using modern information and communication technologies, which enable them to complete their tasks effectively. They are also capable of multitasking at the workplace. Multitasking leads to improved productivity and efficiency. Most generation Y employees prefer clear and direct communication with their bosses (Mullich 49-54). This style of communication not only eliminates misunderstandings, but also facilitates quick decision making.
However, most generation Y employees lack professionalism. They dress inappropriately and lack respect for others’ privacy. Generally, lack of professionalism limits generation Y employees’ ability to provide good customer service and to interact effectively with their colleagues. Generation Y employees’ are not effective in solving problems due to their poor critical thinking skills. In addition, they do not like criticism. As a result, they can hardly improve their performance by learning from their colleagues or their mistakes.
Generation X Generation X employees are confident and often demonstrate high levels of competency in their work. As a result, they are capable of addressing challenges at the workplace effectively. Generation X employees are also likely to succeed in leadership roles due to their willingness to take on responsibility and to put extra effort to achieve their work targets.
Most generation X employees prefer to engage in ethical behaviors (Mullich 49-54). Thus, they are likely to make decisions that improve the image of their organization in the community. Despite these capabilities, generation X employees face difficulties in understanding generation Y employees. This limits their ability to supervise generation Y employees effectively.
Baby Boomers Baby boomers have a lot of experience in executing various business processes. This attribute enables baby boomers to handle crises at the workplace. Good communication skills coupled with willingness to take on responsibility enable baby boomers to provide excellent mentorship and leadership in their organizations (Mullich 49-54). Baby boomers promote ethical behavior at the workplace by supporting strong work ethic.
The major challenge among baby boomers is that they are reluctant to adopt new technologies. For instance, some doctors in their sixties prefer to give paper-based prescriptions rather than online ones in order to avoid misleading their patients. Generally, baby boomers’ performance is negatively affected by their reluctance to adopt new technologies that are being introduced in the modern business environment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Mature Generation Mature employees are important in every organization due to the vast knowledge and experience that they have. Having a good knowledge of various business processes enables mature employees to solve problems, thereby creating competitive advantages for their organizations. Mature employees are also known for making wise decisions and paying attention to detail.
As a result, they are able to avoid costly mistakes. However, mature employees are sometimes unproductive due to their advanced age and reluctance to embrace new technologies.
Conclusion Each generation of employees is characterized with specific attributes that influence their performance at the workplace. Generally, different generations of employees have unique capabilities that lead to improved performance. Consequently, companies should recruit employees from different generations to improve their competitiveness.
Work Cited Mullich, Joe. “They Do Not Retire them, they Hire them.” Workforce Management 1 Dec. 2003: 49-54. Print.
Protection of the Innocent Argumentative Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Children are vulnerable people in need of love and protection by their families and the community. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) has been committed to ensure such protection, as specifically stated in Article 2.2: “States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child’s parents, legal guardians, or family members.” (UNCRC, 1989).
Being a signatory in the UNCRC, the UK is one country that upholds the rights of children to be protected. The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) reports that approximately 50,500 children in the UK are at risk of child abuse. As of March 2012, there were 50,573 children included in child protection registers, broken down as follows: England: 42,850; Northern Ireland: 2,127; Scotland: 2,706; Wales: 2,890 (NSPCC, 2014).
The public document on “Working Together To Safeguard Children” (HM Government, 2006) defines important concepts in relation to child abuse. Children are maltreated when there is abuse and neglect involved. Radford et al (2011) conducted a study to determine the statistics of child maltreatment.
They found that one in four young adults (25.3%) and one in five children aged 11-17 years (18.6%) had been severely maltreated as children. 14.5% of young adults and 13.4% of children aged 11-17 of their interviewed subjects have suffered severe maltreatment by their own parents or guardians.
Inflicting harm or acts that do not prevent harm are considered acts of abuse or neglect. Such acts may fall in one or more of the following:
Physical Abuse: “involves hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.” (HM Government, 2006, p.37). Radford et al. (2011) found in their study that one in nine young adults or 11.5% and one in fourteen children aged 11-17 or 6.9% have experienced severe physical violence as children by adults.
Emotional Abuse: the emotional maltreatment causing severe and adverse effects on the child’s psyche. Examples are making the child feel unloved or worthless through name-calling, imposition of tasks beyond the child’s developmental capability, prevention of the child’s social or educational interactions, bullying, and the like (HM, 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Radford et al.’s study (2011) revealed that 6.9% of young adults and 6.8% of children aged 11.17 years have experienced emotional abuse. Many children and young adults have also been exposed to domestic violence between adults while they were growing up, causing the children emotional pain.
Sexual Abuse: is the malicious pressure on a child to be part of a sexual activity. This may include prostitution, rape, molestation or oral sex, looking at or being a participant in the production of pornographic materials, or encouraging children to behave in a manner that is sexually inappropriate (HM Government, 2006).
Radford et al.’s study (2011) revealed that one in twenty children (4.8%) reported they have experienced sexual abuse with physical contact and 90% of these children were abused by someone they knew. 34% of the children who experienced contact sexual abuse were forced by their perpetrators to keep it a secret so they did not reveal it to anyone. 82% of the children who experienced contact sexual abuse by another child kept it a secret.
Neglect: Children also have a right to be protected from neglect. This is the parent’s or guardian’s consistent failure to provide the child with basic physical and/or psychological needs which may result in adverse consequences for the child. Neglect is failure to provide a child with adequate food, clothing and shelter, protection from physical and emotional harm, access to proper medical care and adequate supervision.
Negligent parents or caregivers also fail to address the child’s emotional needs (HM Government, 2006). Neglect was identified by Radford et al. (2011) to be the most prevalent kind of maltreatment. 16% of young adults and 13.3% of children aged 11-17 years reported they had experienced neglect. Radford et al.’s study did not cover reports from children aged 10 and younger, and from the pattern provided by the participants of their study, this statistic is frighteningly left to speculation.
Anda et al. (2005) studied long term consequences of abuse and neglect on children. The victims are also likely to be perpetrators of abuse themselves, repeating the vicious cycle with their own children. Some victims may be in need of psychological therapy lest they suffer from severe depression and other neurotic illnesses or personality disorders. It is also possible for some child abuse victims to engage in delinquent activities such as prostitution, pornography, drug abuse, or crime.
As a solution to the persistent problem of child abuse, it is commendable that many agencies, private organizations and civilians have expressed their desire to join hands with the government in protecting, safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. One important step is reporting child abuse so that it is investigated. Everyone should be vigilant in child protection so that child abuse perpetrators become discouraged to carry out their evil acts or are punished accordingly if they continue harming children.
We will write a custom Essay on Protection of the Innocent specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Anda, R. F., Felitti, V. J., Bremner, J. D. Walker, J. D., Whitfield, C., Perry, B. D.,
Dube, S. R. and. Giles, W. H. (2005). The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood: A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 256(3): 174–86.
HM Government (2006) Working Together to Safeguard Children: A guide to inter- agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. Every Child Matters Change for Children. London: TSO.
NSPCC (2014) Incidence and prevalence of child abuse and neglect. Web.
Radford, L., Corral, S., Bradley, C., Fisher, H., Bassett, C., Howat, N.and Collishaw, S. (2011) Child abuse and neglect in the UK today . London: NSPCC.
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) (1989) Retrieved from http://www.cirp.org/library/ethics/UN-convention/
Drone Technology and the Future Essay a level english language essay help
The book, “Outliers”, discusses a variety of factors that influence unimaginable success in various fields by incorporating evidence of the achievements of individuals such as Bill Gates and Joseph Flom, and groups like the Beatles. The author, Malcolm Gladwell, examines the influence of different backgrounds on an individual’s intelligence and the ability to arrive at a rational decision.
Malcolm places a lot of emphasis on the need for persistence and dedication when pursuing an objective by repeatedly stating, “Elite performers had totaled 10,000 hours of practice” in their occupation (Gladwell 38). The book highlights the fact that societal settings and notions greatly hamper the realization of the full potential of most people.
Malcolm illustrates that people who achieve outstanding success often appear as rebellious and misfits in the context of the society’s perception of achievement. The author focuses on individuals whose level of success goes beyond the imagination of most people and challenges the reader to analyze the interplay of factors such as family, culture and friendships in influencing the achievements of successful people.
Malcolm claims that successful people get opportunities and resources that are not available to other people, which give them an upper hand in realizing their dreams. An analysis of the history of the drone technology highlights the concept of the 10,000 Hour Rule considering that modern high-tech UAVs came into being due to the initiatives of the19th century scientists and the improvements by their successors.
The preciseness and robustness of modern drones took several decades to achieve just the like the Beatles who achieved greatness by dedicating a lot of time into their music career between 1960 and 1964. The idea of drones dates back to the 19th century when Austrians used unmanned balloons to bomb Venice and later advanced during the First and Second World Wars mainly in Germany, Israel and the United States.
The balloons had limited range, efficiency and precision due to unfavorable winds and the need for very strong batteries to generate electromagnetic fields to fire the bombs. The invention of winged aircrafts advanced the idea of the Austrians regarding unmanned vehicles that pilots could control from a distance. After the First World War, research on radio-controlled aircrafts continued mainly in Britain and the U.S with researchers ascribing the term “drone” to aerial targets controlled using radio systems.
The tactics employed in modern warfare focus on inflicting the greatest damage on the enemy while ensuring minimal risks on personnel. The invention of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has led to a significant decline in the loss of personnel in combat zones. The highly sophisticated telecommunication systems installed in drones allow a crew, positioned miles away, to maneuver the vehicle into dangerous combat zones.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The use of satellite communication links and GPS systems to control the flight of drones such as the Predator and Global Hawk has significantly improved the range for UAVs allowing communication with pilots located thousands of miles away from the vehicle. The control system of a drone may include onboard computer systems or transmitters and receivers that allow remote control from a ground station.
While the launch and recovery of the first prototype of UAVs relied on remote piloting, modern drones mostly employ the concept of autonomous control. Although the concept of drone technology arose in response to the need to reduce the trauma and casualties associated with the crash of military aircrafts and to perform risky operations, there has been an increasing use of drones in civil applications.
“A growing number of entities are using drones for tasks such as policing and patrol, firefighting, surveillance and reconnaissance” (McManus 100). The versatility of drones has seen an increased use of the vehicles in news coverage and documentation of events such as the Sochi Olympics and recent political protests in Bangkok and Thailand.
The future of UAVs seems bright with the current research on Stealth Technology, Thrust Vectoring and supercomputing to allow, “A new era of UVAs that send data on high-bandwidths in real-time through air, water and space” (Springer 193). With the increasing use of drones by civilians, the vehicles will become a necessary acquisition for performing routine surveillance and maintenance tasks in homes, schools and business premises.
The declining cost of manufacturing drones and availability of customized and miniature vehicles has enabled people to own drones at a cost of about 500 dollars. The field of geographic information systems (GIS) will greatly expand in the future in response to the development of drones for all purposes. GIS is at the center of the effective operation of drones because the vehicles rely on software and hardware that allows the analysis and manipulation of spatial and attribute data in real-time.
Geographic referencing facilitates the analysis of patterns and trends in locations, which are easy to present on screens, maps and charts and integrate into network systems. The advancement in the drone technology offers an opportunity through which an intelligent and driven person can attain great success just like in the analysis of successful people in the Outliers.
Works Cited Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: the story of success. New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2008. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Drone Technology and the Future specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More McManus, Ron . The Drone Enigma. New York: Morgan James Publishing, 2014. Print.
Springer, Paul. Military robots and drones: a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2013. Print.
Getting the Contract Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Pre-negotiation process is as significant as the real contract negotiation. In this regard, the pre-negotiation process provides a platform for the contractor to approach and manage issues affecting the negotiation. A general perception about pre-negotiation is that the process allows the contractor to determine risks associated with committing into a contract.
In addition, the contractor determines potential conflicts and consequently resolves them in a pre-negotiation process. From this perspective, the contractor uses the process to prepare for the negotiation by adapting co-operative perceptions and behaviors. However, the importance of pre-negotiation is understood by analyzing the concept’s process.
Pre-negotiation stages The first stage in a pre-negotiation process involves participants’ selection. In this regard, selecting participants who have the authority to make decisions is critical (Druckman, 2001). This is essential as it makes the decision-making process easy. Selecting participants with knowledge and skills on matters pertaining to business contracts is vital. Knowledgeable participants ensure that a negotiation process is valuable to the company.
The second stage of the pre-negotiation process involves setting negotiation guidelines. In most cases, negotiations can lead to a conflict and unresolved issues. In this regard, a framework on how negotiation will be conducted requires prior planning (Druckman, 2001). A negotiation framework is critical in reducing risks that may affect the company’s commitment in the contract.
Through negotiation guidelines a company benefit by linking its values with other parties. In addition, a negotiation guideline narrows down the scope of the contract. In general, effective negotiation guidelines are a major factor in determining the success of a contract.
Setting negotiation agenda is another process that requires preparation before the actual negotiation (Druckman, 2001). In this regard, participants from the negotiating parties are to formulate an agenda using their expertise. This process ensures that a consensus to achieve a common goal is realized before negotiation commences.
Moreover, this process ensures that the negotiation does not consume a lot of time. In addition, the pre-negotiation decision to set an agenda eliminates risks and uncertainties associated with the actual negotiation. From this perspective, the company can determine whether the negotiation is valuable or not.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A coalition building activity should be a core element of the pre-negotiation process. This activity ensures that the company’s public image is improved. In addition, a coalition building activity ensures that all procedures and legalities are duly followed during the negotiation process. This saves the company from negative legal implications resulting from contract malpractices.
From a pre-negotiation process, the company should benefit from an improved relationship with the negotiating partner (Druckman, 2001). This is critical for future business opportunities. Collecting and validating crucial information such as supplier cost and contract value is determined at the pre-negotiation process.
Finally, the pre-negotiation process is significant in managing the company’s expectations. Therefore, the company makes the relevant decisions regarding the terms of negotiation, the role of negotiating participants and contract value.
Techniques Companies consider government and relative agencies as potential clients (Watkins, Edwards
“Evaluating You and Your Business Idea” a Book by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
The paper is aimed at examining the chapter Evaluating You and Your Business Idea from the textbook written by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren. These authors pay attention to the process of goal setting, and they offer some valuable recommendations to future entrepreneurs.
On the whole, these researchers believe that an individual should identify personal and economic objectives that should be attained (Covello and Hazelgren 13). In other words, it is necessary to examine the financial objectives that should be achieved by the enterprise. Moreover, it is vital to quantify these economic objectives (Covello and Hazelgren 13). Furthermore, a person should explain why he/she wants to work in a specific area of business.
Moreover, it is vital to explain how this particular choice can help a person fulfill his/her talents or ambitions. To some degree, these goals included in this plan are consistent with the recommendations offered by these authors. In particular, this plan includes clear economic objectives that are quantified. However, it is necessary to pay more attention to personal objectives because they are not clearly identified. This is one of the drawbacks that can be singled out.
Additionally, it is important to discuss the distinction between short and long-term objectives. This distinction is important for the successful implementation of business plans. In this way, one can better develop the strategies for the development of a business (Covello and Hazelgren 13). Furthermore, this knowledge can help a person see the relations between different steps that will be taken in the future (Covello and Hazelgren 13).
The given plan includes some of the goals that will be attained in the near future. Moreover, it is critical to single out the resources that should be accumulated. For instance, the author of this plan discusses the need to accumulate start-up capital. Apart from that, this plan includes some long-term objectives. In particular, the writer mentions the intention to open new shops within the next four years.
Furthermore, Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren believe that it is necessary to set the timelines for the implementation of the goals (15). However, these researchers also note that in many cases, such timelines cannot be rigidly fixed. Moreover, by focusing only on timelines, a person can make flawed business decisions. This is one of the pitfalls that should be avoided. To a great extent, the plan, which is analyzed, is compatible with the suggestions offered by the authors of this chapter.
Nevertheless, there are some limitations of this plan, and they should not be overlooked. For instance, this document does not clearly show how this venture can gain the loyalty of clients. It is not evident why they will choose the services of this particular café. In turn, this issue is examined by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren who believe that entrepreneurs should differentiate the venture among other companies. This is one of the issues that should be taken into account.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the whole, the discussion suggests when starting up a business venture, a person should clearly explain the steps that will be taken to attain business goals. Moreover, one should clearly identify the resources that will be needed. The elements of this plan are compatible with the recommendations offered by scholars. Nevertheless, the author does not show why the future venture will be remain competitive. These are the main arguments that can be advanced.
Works Cited Covello, Joseph, and Brian Hazelgren. “Evaluating You and Your Business Idea.” Complete Book of Business Plans: Simple Steps to Writing Powerful Business Plans. Ed. Joseph Covello and David Carpenter. New York, NY: Sourcebooks, Inc, 2006. Print.
Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Discrimination in Employment
Discrimination in Housing
Discrimination in Ownership of Property
Discrimination in Education
Discrimination in Leadership
Introduction After 1945, American soldiers returned from the Second World War that had just ended. Their return plunged the nation into a state of economic boom in the housing sector. The economic boom transpired due to the availability of benefits acquired by veterans from the war. However, the period witnessed high levels of racial discrimination against the Black Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Mexican Americans, whom the White Americans deemed as the minority groups.
In this view, the concept of race defined the United States history just after the Second World War because it formed the basis of employment, acquisition of property, and attainment of leadership positions. Therefore, the essay explains that race is concept that is more important than class in understanding American history after 1945.
Overview Race is a concept that highlights the American history after the Second World War. After 1945, America went through a period when racism was highly pronounced. During the period, the Whites believed that people from the minority groups were lesser beings than those from the majority groups (Cowie 49).
The minority groups were in the category of marginalized groups and many services provided by the federal government went to the White Americans. Areas such as employment, education, property ownership, and leadership were a preserve of the White Americans. Therefore, race is a concept that best explains the history of America after the Second World War.
Discrimination in Employment The minority groups in the United States experienced and endured discrimination in employment sector due to the institutionalized racism. The federal government enacted and passed laws that denied the minority groups the chance to work in the United States. The laws governed the terms of employment, working conditions, as well as salaries and wages. According to Sugrue, “Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York played a decisive role in deepening racial inequality in the city” (86).
Moreover, the federal government and private employers were reluctant or unwilling to hire employees of African, Asian, or Mexican origins. Therefore, a number of people from the minority groups worked in plantations such as rice fields, which had poor working conditions and low wages. Most of the employees from the minority groups received very little wages, and subjected to hard work and harsh treatment as opposed to employees from the majority groups.
The White Americans discriminated against the minority groups making them victims of racism in the United States. The federal government redlined the minorities and created a harsh working environment for them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Native Americans received harsh and inhuman treatment from their employers or superiors who perceived them as unimportant beings basing on their color or ethnical background. In workplaces, employers or superiors overlooked employees from the minority groups in aspects such as promotion and increment of salaries or wages. The racial disparity in promotion and salary or wage increments took place irrespective of the performance of the employees from the minority groups.
Therefore, unemployed members of the minority groups demonstrated their anger through riots and strikes organized by unions in an attempt to communicate their grievances to the federal government (Cowie 225). Thus, the minority groups experienced pronounced levels of racial discrimination in places of work orchestrated by the federal government and the private sector. The riots and demonstrations led to the loss of lives and eventually recognition of the minority rights.
Discrimination in Housing Soon after the Second World War, the minority groups became the main target of discrimination under the basis of race and place of origin. The United States federal government introduced policies that segregated people from the minority groups and prevented them from accessing good houses. The federal government limited the access of the minority groups to good housing using the housing administration, which was a body charged with the provision of shelter to the citizens of the United States.
In an attempt to limit equal access to good housing among minority groups, the federal government denied them low-interest loans and forcefully acquired their houses. Sugrue outlines that “Detroit’s public housing was racially segregated” (86). Furthermore, the boom from veterans of the Second World War worsened the housing problem as houses became scarce; hence, cases of discrimination quickly emerged with the scramble for the few available houses.
Most of the White Americans who were house owners declined application for housing from minority groups, but instead accepted applications from White American tenants. Mortgage companies also tailored their policies in a manner that favored the White Americans in the United States.
As a result, many potential house owners from the minority groups found it very difficult to acquire good houses because mortgage prices were high and favored the White Americans. Cowie explains that Martin Luther King Junior campaigned “to support the striking sanitation workers as a building block in ‘poor people campaign,’ a new march in Washington that would be a Selma-like movement on economic issues” (65).
Therefore, minority groups used unions to present their grievances to the government. Additionally, the minority groups lost their houses through forceful acquisition, deception, and fraud to the White Americans. Racial discrimination in the housing sector forced the minority groups to seek shelter in camps and shanties where the living conditions were poor. In some cases where the minority groups managed to get houses, they paid higher amounts of rent than what their White counterparts did.
We will write a custom Essay on Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Discrimination in Ownership of Property After 1945, policies designed by the federal government of the United States favored the Whites and discriminated against the minority groups. Ownership of property among minority groups became a very complex and difficult affair for officials in the government declined their proposals, deceived them, and refused to help them acquire property in the United States.
Although a few members of the minority group had the limited access to property acquisition, the state frequently confiscated their properties and declared them as illegal. Unfair treatment had its basis on the color and appearance of the individuals because of their racial background (Sugrue 8).
During the period after 1945, the federal laws and policies prohibited ownership of property by the minority groups. One of the factors that contributed to the prohibition is the misconceptions held by White Americans concerning the minority groups.
Property owners, managers, and agents discriminated against the minority groups in the sale of properties and business outlets. As a result, many Americans of African, Asian, and Mexican origins failed to acquire properties during the period.
Failure to acquire properties and business outlets by the Africans, Asians, and Mexicans rendered them poor and greatly affected their living conditions. According to Cowie, “Congress for the first time since it went democratic in 1932 passed a tax cut not to redistribute wealth, but to give relief to the middle upper class, suggesting a very new mood among the democrats more broadly” (257).
Therefore, the minority groups in the United States endured discrimination and enjoyed limited rights of property ownership. Some of the ways that the Whites exercised racism included refusal to sell or rent their houses and unequal valuation and appraisal of property. Furthermore, other White Americans who were property owners provided different terms and conditions for the minorities, whereas banks refused to provide loans to the Asians, Africans, and Mexicans living in the United States.
Discrimination in Education Racial discrimination also affected the education sector since many institutions of learning had some forms of racial segregation. After 1945, many schools in the United States belonged to either the White Americans or the minority groups. The federal government discouraged students of color from studying in schools designated for the White American students. Teachers and trainers administered harsh and inhumane punishment on the children from Asian, African, and Mexican origins (Cowie 11).
In addition, trainers entrenched racisms in schools, as they perceived children from minority groups as lesser beings than their White counterparts. Therefore, the trainers gave biased treatment in training, discipline, and grading of the students. Due to the misconceptions held by the students concerning the attitudes displayed by their parents, the White Americans students undermined their colleagues from the minority groups.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The prejudice, which students from minority groups received from their colleagues, led to poor relationships among students in schools and social places where they interacted. “The effects of racial discrimination were evident as they highlight racial differences in urban streets and workplaces” (Sugrue 6). Therefore, the prejudice of students from minority groups also lowered their self-esteem and affected their performance.
Moreover, another form of racial discrimination that the state displayed during the period after 1945 was underdevelopment and the absence of good learning facilities in schools designed for the minority groups and presence of good facilities and good infrastructure in learning institutions designed for the White Americans. Teachers in schools offering education to the minority students experienced challenges in terms of lack of teaching resources and funds.
Teachers mainly from the minority groups joined unions and voiced their grievances to the federal government. Furthermore, educational loans and sponsorships were available to the White American students only, while the children from the minority groups usually dropped out of school or performed poorly due to insufficient funds to facilitate their education or poor quality of learning facilities.
Discrimination in Leadership Members of the minority group who wanted to vie for leadership positions in the United States also experienced racial discrimination. During and after 1945, the White Americans believed that people from the minority groups were unable to provide good governance and leadership. Therefore, any member of the minority group who attempted to vie for any political or leadership position was discouraged and intimidated by the White Americans who formed the majority group.
As Martin Luther King Junior fought against racial discrimination, “Robert Kennedy admired King’s commitment to unite the poor whites and the poor blacks into what the civil rights believed it would a ‘powerful new alliance’ that transcended racial integration and placed social justice on an economic footing” (Cowie 65). Additionally, some states in the United States barred members of minority groups and women from casting their votes.
As the federal government denied the minorities their voting rights, it implies that it was impossible for any member of the minority group to win and get a leadership position. Thus, members of the minority who tried to campaign failed due lack of support from the federal government and voters.
Aspiring leaders from the minority groups who tried to vie for leadership positions received discouragement from the federal government or lacked adequate funds to facilitate their campaigns. The federal government preferred the White Americans, but discriminated against the Native Americans, Asians, Africans, or Mexicans.
One of the main factors that contributed to the preference was the misconception held by the White Americans who believed that women and minority groups did not have capacity to take leadership positions. According to Cowie, leaders from the minority group who tried to campaign were the subject of ridicule and discouragement by the state and the White Americans (63).
In some cases, the White Americans booed the leaders from minority groups in rallies and conferences during campaigns. Therefore, the minority groups remained as marginalized members of the American society for the larger part of the 20th century, after the Second World War.
Conclusion After the Second World War in 1945, America experienced economic boom in the housing sector, which resulted from the pension that war veterans received. Housing and economic boom led to a sharp increase in the demand for housing and affected the economy of the United States. Besides, in the period preceding the Second World War witnessed high levels of discrimination against races from Africa, Asia, and Latin America as the White Americans deemed them as minority groups.
The White Americans exercised racial discrimination in learning institutions, workplaces, and social places such as hospitals and churches. Americans from the minority groups worked in plantations and construction industry as casual laborers where they received meager income.
Works Cited Cowie, Jefferson. Stayin’ Alive: The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class. New York: The New Press, 2013. Print.
Sugrue, Thomas. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. New York: Princeton University Press, 2010. Print.
Niall Ferguson’s ‘The Ascent of Money’ Essay (Book Review) essay help online free: essay help online free
Introduction Niall Ferguson’s book “The Ascent of Money” is one of the most investigative works that attempt to describe and determine the origin and progress of the financial system in human history. It traces the origin of money as a means of exchange and measure of value, financial systems, institutions and debts.
In fact, the book traces the genesis of the financial system, which the author believes started in Mesopotamia and the ancient Egypt. The author further argues that the evolution of the world financial system was “as important as any other technological innovation and evolution”. In fact, the book attributes the success of human development to the evolution of the financial system.
Niall Ferguson develops a compressive analysis of the current situation in the global financial system. In this book, the Ferguson derives information from various historical accounts.
Noteworthy, the book uses a review of literature as the study method, which has allowed the author develop a comprehensive historical timeline that begins at Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt. To determine the birth of the monetary system, Ferguson refers to stone and clay tablets discovered from the ruins of various cities in Mesopotamia, Egypt and other parts of Europe and Asia.
It is important to note that the author goes beyond analyzing mere historical accounts. He develops an idea of monetary evolution from mere historical accounts. In fact, the author argues that every historical event in the past had a monetary secret that influenced evolution.
In addition, he argues that the evolution of societies was driven by monetary and technological developments. In addition, the author has extensively used case studies to develop his ideas and arguments. For instance, the author refers to the 2008-2010 and 1930s financial crises, calling them as mere examples of the evolutionary trend of the monetary systems.
Comprehensive Book review According to Ferguson, “every historical event has a unique financial secret”. For instance, the European Renaissance, which led to expansive changes in arts, music, education, science and other aspects of life, was backed by a financial secret. It was driven by a market boom, which allowed most financiers of art, literature, music and science make fortunes and accumulate wealth.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author uses the Medici case study to elaborate how aristocrats and capitalists of the time used the prevailing social and political dynamic to make money. Similarly, similar events have taken place throughout human history, which have shaped the history and evolution of the world financial systems.
To develop this argument, the author reviews a wide volume of historical, financial and economic materials. In developing his thesis through literature review and case analysis, Ferguson has divided his book into several episodes that elaborate the history of the world financial system from the primitive trade in Mesopotamia to the modern global system.
An introduction episode provides an in-depth analysis of the current situation in the global monetary and financial system. This chapter introduces the relationship between the monetary system and its history.
In the subsequent sections, the author provides a compressive analysis of the historical timeline through which the monetary and financial systems developed, starting with the primitive financial systems in Mesopotamia to the complex system in the modern world. In addition, the author provides a final section that tends to explain how the monetary systems will descent in the near future.
The first episode provides an analysis of the origin of money, including banking and financial systems. The episode “dreams of Avarice” argues that every civilized society must respond to the forces of demand and supply, which calls for exchange of goods and services. Therefore, a method for measuring value must exist.
This phenomenon explains the origin and evolution of money. According to the author, it is possible to live without money. However, this is possible only when members of a tribal group depend entirely on hunting and gathering. In such cases, the group does not need money because they do not need to save, buy clothes, food and build permanent residence. All what they want is food, which is provided by nature.
For example, the ancient tribes such as the Inca in Americas lived in a world surrounded by massive gold, forest, diamond and other resources, yet they had no interest in the resources because they did not know their worth. However, with the coming of the Europeans, the groups realized that these things were part of their natural wealth. Thus, life changed after the incoming of the financial systems.
We will write a custom Book Review on Niall Ferguson’s ‘The Ascent of Money’ specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Using this historical example, the author attempts to refute the claims and hopes of Marxists and communists that money is evil and will one day end as people work for the common good. Using the North Korean case, Ferguson argues that even the most critics of capitalism and monetary reliance (the Marxists and communists) have found it difficult to dispense money. In addition, Ferguson uses the Nukak Maku case study to explain the relationship between civilization and monetary system.
When the Maku community left their hunting and gathering ten years ago (2002), they found the Colombian civilized society very attractive because basic needs such as food, shelter and clothing are available as long as they have money. Ferguson also traces the origins of the Banking system to the “promises to pay” culture in Babylon, which was an agreement made on clay tablets. In addition, the Medici banking system in Italy and the Shylock culture in Britain are significant events that led to the development of the banking system.
The development of the financial system as the empire of the rulers of the world is explained in the Human Bondage episode. Using historical approach and case studies, the author develops a theory to argue that the bond market of the Italian Renaissance made some families and groups rich because they controlled such things as arts, music, education, books, manufacturing and science. For example, Ferguson says that the Rothschilds were the most powerful family in 1800s because they controlled the bond market and war finance.
These individuals and groups created additional issues such as euphoria, bubble, distress, displacement and discredit. According to the author, these aspects were meant to harness wealth at the expense of the entire population.
Along with these evolutions came a number of other phenomena. For instance, the new market and financial systems brought aristocracy, especially in terms of assets. The evolution of the stock market systems made owning huge sums of money in cash was less attractive because the value of money was set to change due to market dynamics. As such, aristocrats converted their money from cash to property, especially in terms of real estates. In the US and Europe, “homeowners” became the new model of financial controllers.
Lastly, the author talks of the chimerica, a term used in reference to the globalized financial and economic systems in the 19th and 20th centuries. According to the author, globalization started in the 19th century after the financial systems allowed international trade through investment in foreign markets. The western nations actively invested in the east, including Japan and China. Being Rich did not mean owning land or other items at home. Rather, the financial systems allowed foreign investment through banking and stock markets.
Financial Analysis for Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) Essay college application essay help
Table of Contents Executive Summary
Executive Summary The published financial statements provide the stakeholders with a narrow insight into the financial strengths and weaknesses of a business. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out comprehensive financial analysis. The paper carried an evaluation of the financial performance of Petrobras. The 2012 annual report shows that the total assets of the company increased from $319,914 million in 2011 to $331,645 million in 2012.
The non-current assets make up a significant proportion of the total assets while on the liability and equity side, the value of total equity is slightly higher than the total liabilities. From the income statement, the amount of sales revenues decreased from $145,915 million in 2011 to $144,103 million in 2012. Similarly, the net income declined from $19,992 million in 2011 to $10,931 million in 2012 (SAC Petrobras 2014b).
Based on the ratio analysis carried out, the profitability declined over the two-year period. Further, there was no significant change in the liquidity position. The gearing level increased over the period. Also, the operating efficiency of the company declined during the same period. Finally, the valuation ratios also declined between 2011 and 2012. Therefore, there was an overall decline in the financial position of the company.
Introduction Petroleo Brasileiro SA commonly known as Petrobras is a multinational company that operates in the oil and gas industry. Specifically, the company deals with “exploration and production, refining, marketing, transportation, petrochemicals, oil production, distribution, natural gas, electricity, chemical gas, and biofuels” (SAC Petrobras 2014).
The company was established in 1953 and it is based in Brazil. It is the industry leader in the Brazilian oil industry and it aspires to be among the top five in the integrated energy companies worldwide. Petrobras is a publicly held company that trade in four stock markets under different ticker symbol.
These are, the BM
Life Expectancy in the Developing World Cause and Effect Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Food Safety Standards
Introduction Certain factors such as poverty, poor health conditions, rapid industrialization, and lack of food safety measures explain why life expectancy is too low in the developing world. Many people in the developing world do not have access to clean water or “uncontaminated” food. Rapid industrialization explains why many countries have a low life expectancy. As described in this paper, rapid industrialization and food safety standards are the major causes of low life expectancy in the developing world.
Food Safety Standards Food safety is a key pillar towards a better life. Different governments use various standards to ensure their citizens consume uncontaminated food. Poor food handling and storage results in poisoning.
Food marketers and producers cannot adopt such “food standards” especially in the developing world. Many people in these countries prepare food using “unhygienic” methods (Condrad, 2000). Some traditional methods of food production are also “dirty”. These examples explain why many people continue to consume “unhealthy” foods. Lack of proper safety measures during preparation, storage, and handling explains why people consume contaminated food (Al-Kandari
Salvage Bid Company Online Environment Report college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Salvage Bid is a company that puts damaged vehicles up for auction. This organization operates in an online environment. Therefore, this firm has an opportunity to interact with a great number of clients. In this case, the buyers are price-sensitive people, who want to purchase a car. These individuals may not have enough money to buy a brand-new car. Moreover, some of these individuals believe that a damaged vehicle can be repaired at a relatively lower cost.
However, one can also speak about clients willing to buy spare parts. This is one of the issues that should be considered because it is necessarily to understand the intentions of clients. In turn, the sellers are people do not know how to find potential buyers for the goods that they own. Additionally, it is possible to speak about people who may urgently need money for various purposes. These are some of the aspects that should be identified because they are important for understanding the functioning of this business.
In turn, the company can be described as an intermediary that helps buyers gain access to relevant information about potential sellers or available products (Salvage Bid). This approach has been adopted by many organizations that try to benefit from the growing supply of used or damaged vehicles in the country (Pride and Ferell 238). On the whole, one can argue that this auction sites can be viewed as a micro-economic market.
The functioning of this auction incorporates several elements. First of all, the buyers should be the registered members of this website in order to take part in the bidding. Moreover, the bidding itself lasts for a limited amount of time. The main benefit of this method is that it enables a seller to get the maximum price for his/her vehicle.
More importantly, online accessibility of this auction increases the number of potential bidders who may compete with one another (Baye 103). Later, a buyer can take the car from one of the locations. It is important to remember that the customers able to assess the degree of damage (Salvage Bid). So, as a rule, they can make an informed decision about the value of a vehicle. This opportunity is also of great benefit to clients who want to choose the best product.
It should be mentioned that the owners of this website do not disclose the information about the financial performance. They do not specify their net revenues or sales. Nevertheless, there are some data that can be very informative. For instance, every week its collection of vehicles is increased by 70000 new vehicles (Salvage Bid).
Therefore, customers can find choose from a wide range of products. Additionally, this organization has approximately 700 locations (Salvage Bid). Furthermore, the prices for vehicles can range from $50 to $3000 (Salvage Bid). The eventual price depends on the type of damage sustained by the vehicle or its model. This is one of the points that can be made.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overall, these examples indicate that this micro-economic market can be very vibrant. To a great extent, this auction site offers opportunities for both sellers and buyers who want to carry out an economic transaction. The existence of such markets is critical for the development of the economy. These are the main arguments that can be put forward.
Works Cited Baye, Michael. The Economics of the Internet and E-commerce, New York: Elsevier, 2002. Print.
Pride, William, and Ferrell, Oliver. Marketing, Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.
Salvage Bid. “About SalvageBid.” Salvage Bid, 2013. Web. Feb. 26 2014. .
Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina Research Paper essay help
Introduction Disasters are an integral part of human existence. A major natural disaster to affect the United States in the recent past was hurricane Katrina, which was a category 2 hurricane that made the first landfall on August 25, 2005.
This hurricane was very powerful and by the time of the second landfall, it had attained speeds of up to 140mph (Rojek and Smith 594). Due to its tremendous negative effects, it is considered to be the most destructive and costly urban disaster in US history. The city that was worst affected by this disaster was New Orleans and the government implemented responses to deal with the situation.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which is the United State’s coordinating arm for natural disaster and catastrophes, headed the disaster response efforts. This paper will set out to review the level of preparedness, response, and recovery efforts undertaken by authorities following Hurricane Katrina in order to highlight shortcomings. Recommendations for improvements will be offered to help increase the probability of better reaction in the event of future disasters.
Analysis of Hurricane Katrina Preparedness Level
The level of preparedness for natural disasters in 2005 was very low for a number of reasons. To begin with, the government had dedicated most of its resources to fighting terrorism and the war in Iraq.
Chua, Kaynak and Schubert concede that following the 9/11 terror attacks, the US developed a pattern of placing greater emphasis on protecting the country against terrorist attacks (392). More resources were dedicated to Homeland Security thereby undermining the country’s preparedness against natural catastrophes such as Katrina.
The local authorities did not engage in sufficient preparation for a hurricane disaster in spite of the fact that New Orleans is prone to hurricanes. Before hurricane Katrina hit, a number of studies had highlighted the risk faced by the City. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) had warned that a category 4 or 5 hurricane-strike would have catastrophic results (Rojek and Smith 594). Levee fortification in the area had therefore been proposed, but the construction work did not begin since the city had budget restrictions.
The federal, state and local authorities failed to provide enough emergency supplies in anticipation of the disaster. The US has a sophisticated weather warning system and scientists were able to warn that Katrina was developing into a major hurricane that would have devastating effects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The National Hurricane Center Director was able to issue warning of an impending large-scale catastrophe after the first landfall on August 25 (Chua et al. 397). In response to these warnings, the federal government directed FEMA to engage in preparations for the disaster. However, the supplies procured in readiness for the disaster were not sufficient since the agency did not anticipate a major disaster (Nunenmacher 8).
Response and Recovery
A significant criticism leveled against local and state authorities concerns the speed of rescue operations during the disaster. The early reactions to Hurricane Katrina in the US were slow with initial rescue efforts being sluggish. Chua et al. note that the federal and state authorities took about five days before implementing full scale evacuation procedures in the storm devastated regions of New Orleans (391). During this time, people were left to spend nights in the cold and without food or water (Nunenmacher 10).
The capability and capacity of the first response teams in the devastated regions were greatly inhibited. The first responders are the most important personnel in a disaster. These are the first people at the site of a disaster and they attempt to mitigate the impacts of the disaster and save lives.
The first response team during hurricane Katrina was made up of the National Guard, local law enforcement officers, firefighters, and medical personnel. There was a catastrophic collapse of these first responders since the hurricane destroyed the National Guard headquarters and some of the vehicles that could have been used by responders were lost to floods. In addition to this, the severe storms that characterized Katrina made it impossible for the police and firefighters to move as the roads were flooded.
The communication network used by FEMA was devastated by the hurricane. Barnes reveals that FEMA did not have adequate backup communication facilities to take over when the telecommunication infrastructure in New Orleans was destroyed by Katrina (605). Due to the loss of electric power and destruction of the towers that supported radio communication, responders were virtually blinded in their operations (Sharman et al. 6).
The ground teams from the federal government were unable to coordinate their operations due to the breakdown in communication network. To make matters worse, there were issues of incompatibility among the radio systems that the emergency personnel were using. Chua et al. elaborate that rescue operations were hampered since local police could not communicate with each other and the rescue helicopters were unable to communicate with rescue boats (398).
As the nation’s coordinating arm for natural disasters and catastrophes, FEMA tried to ensure that the responses to the disaster were well coordinated to avoid redundancy. However, the manner in which this was accomplished was by following procedures that led to time wastage (McGuire 201).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In spite of the deteriorating conditions due to the massive flooding, FEMA continued to make use of bureaucratic procedures in its disaster management operations (Farazmand 400). The federal and state officials in charge of response and recovery failed to make use of local agencies that offered assistance in the disaster.
Recommendations for Improvements Local and State authorities need to respond decisively in the event of a disaster. The government should not wait for politicians to speak out in order for action to be taken, as was the case during Katrina. Instead, resources should be dedicated as soon as the need is identified. It would be better to commit more resources than are needed for a disaster response instead of having a critical shortage of resources. The Federal government has an important role to play in addressing disasters since it has the resources and authority needed for such tasks.
The State and Local authorities should meet the minimum requirements for emergency procedures. Disaster management experts propose these requirements after thorough research on how to respond to a natural disaster. Each city should ensure that the required emergency vehicles are available at all times to aid in swift response.
Chua notes that in the case of Katrina, there was already a Hurricane evacuation plan in place (1519). This plan, designated as “Hurricane Pam drill” required the authorities to provide enough resources for evacuation (Chua 1520). However, the requirements of the plan were not met and this led to slow evacuation during Hurricane Katrina.
The government should invest in an alternative communication channel to be used by rescue personnel in disasters. This would enable effective communication among rescue workers. The negative impacts of the breakdown in communication networks during the Katrina disaster highlight the importance of communication in the event of a crisis (Barnes 605).
Traditional communication networks such as mobile phones may prove inefficient during disasters for a number of reasons. Alternative communication channels are therefore necessary for disaster management (Sharman et al. 6). The various communication devices used by first responders should be compatible. This would enable different responders to communicate with each other and coordinate their efforts.
FEMA, which is the body in charge of handling large-scale disasters, should make use of flexible management systems that take into consideration the agent needs on the ground. Instead of using strict bureaucratic procedures when dealing with disasters, authorities should make use of Incident Management Systems (Farazmand 401). This system enables different agencies to coordinate their efforts in the event of an incident.
Conclusion This paper set out to analyze the preparedness, response and recovery efforts by the local, state, and federal government in order to highlight areas that need improvement in the future. The paper has shown that the overall response was ineffective and the government agencies at all levels failed in some aspect to protect the worse New Orleans. A set of recommendations on how to improve the situation have been offered.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The number of natural disasters is expected to increase around the world as climate changes, which increase instances of flooding, storms, and drought, become more prevalent. The knowledge obtained from the management of the Katrina disaster can be used to solve future disasters. The relevant authorities can make use of the lessons learnt from this disaster to respond more effectively to future disasters.
Works Cited Barnes, Michael. “Analysis of Media Agenda Setting During and After Hurricane Katrina: Implications for Emergency Preparedness, Disaster Response, and Disaster Policy.” American Journal of Public Health 98.4 (2008): 604-610. Print.
Chua, Alton. “A Tale of Two Hurricanes: Comparing Katrina and Rita through a Knowledge Management Perspective.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science
Ideology’s high cost: when science loses out in the classroom or the legislature, the economy may suffer Essay essay help: essay help
The Economist has covered several stories recently that document the ongoing issue of religious objections to various aspects of science. In schools and in the halls of government, these articles suggest, there is a gulf between those who trust scientifically demonstrated facts, and those who feel that ideology or religious belief preclude the acceptance of scientific findings. This conflict has direct economic implications for any nation.
The impact of human decisions on the environment, and therefore on economic health, for example, is potentially very large. These articles in The Economist point up the disturbing potential for that a future population is being nurtured that will be uneducated regarding evolution and scientific inquiry (S.M., Opting out of Evolution: Darwin shmarwin) (S.M., Faith and Reason: Scientists are not as secular as people think).
Such a population will run the risk of failing to compete globally in the marketplace of ideas and innovation. Of greater worry is that they make choices in their own lives or in the leaders they elect that could destroy the environment through ignorance or willful rejection of science on religious or ideological grounds
S.M. of The Economist, in an article titled “Opting out of evolution” describes the situation in Missouri’s school system, where a bill is proposed that would all allow parents to keep their kids out of class when evolution is discussed. As the article points out, this is a bit different from asking that one’s child be offered a virtual alternative to actual animal dissection, or even from excluding one’s child from sex education.
Evolution is so fundamental to life sciences that to stay out of a class whenever it is discussed would mean not taking the course at all (S.M., Opting out of Evolution: Darwin shmarwin). Not understanding the life sciences places people at risk for not understanding issues that affect their own life, for example health, and nutrition.
An entire generation of leaders who do not understand, and even reject evolution and science generally, could wreak a disheartening degree of damage on the environment and, thus, on the economy.
The article “Faith and reason” describes the way that current leaders who dismiss scientific thinking address key issues such as global climate change. As an example, the article discusses Illinois Congressman John Shimkus, whose committee assignments relate to the environment. He interprets the Biblical covenant after the Flood as meaning that the human race is protected from rising waters.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He maintains this opinion although the promise in scripture appears to say that the Creator will not wipe humans out again, not that humans cannot ever wipe themselves out through carelessness, greed, or ignorance (S.M., Faith and Reason: Scientists are not as secular as people think). Based on his interpretation of Scripture and his rejection of scientific evidence, this leader is not likely to support any moves to prevent further encroachment on economically important regions of the country such as New Orleans or parts of Florida.
One impact of not appreciating science is that it will place the USA (or any nation that pursues this course of action or inaction) at a disadvantage in comparison with other countries that take science seriously and teach undiluted biology to their students.
The world needs scientifically trained people to achieve all the innovations that beckon. If the USA or any country is not producing well-trained scientists, this will place them behind the rest of the world in invention and development of new technologies. This will put them behind economically.
The other impact could be very direct and very deadly. If citizens and their leaders do not believe in science, they may not take action to mitigate environmental catastrophe: for example, slowing carbon emissions. The result for the country could include worse agricultural disruption than those that current drought conditions have imposed. This will impact the economy drastically.
These articles alert readers to what could be a growing trend. Religious or ideological challenges to learning about evolution could deprive a generation of students of scientific training. These individuals, if in positions of power, can make poor decisions with wide environmental and economic results.
Works Cited “Faith and Reason.” The Economist (n.d.). .
“Opting out of Evolution.” The Economist (n.d.). .
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electronic searches as related to search and seizure, probably cause, and reasonable expectation of privacy online essay help: online essay help
After reading the material for this week and watching the videos in the video clip folder, write an essay that discusses the issues regarding electronic searches as related to search and seizure, probable cause, and reasonable expectation of privacy.
Provide specific examples supporting your thinking and cite to the course textbook where applicable.
Textbook criminal procedure law and practice 10th edition. By Rolando DelCarmen
Changes in Food Production Over Time Research Paper a level english language essay help
Introduction Food is a fundamental need among human beings that needs to be carefully addressed especially when determining emerging trends. It is worth acknowledging that the side effects of preservatives has affected general health of populace, and contributed to poor health.
It is necessary to acknowledge that this further highlights that food has indeed changed over the years in terms of nutritional content, mode of production, and distribution. This means that in the future, food is likely to undergo adulteration and departure from its original content. Additionally, genetically modified food is likely to grow in usage because some issues such as climate change are likely to affect food availability as well as food production mode.
In the middle of the 19th century, a huge shift in agriculture towards the use of chemicals in the farms and animal confinement was experienced. This kind of farming came to be known as mechanization or industrialization of agriculture. Industrialization of agriculture introduced new methods of food production can be likened to factory-type production system.
The new system of farming replaces the holistic thinking and the recycling of the nutrients through the use of crop rotation and animal rotation to produce food. Those changes in the methods of farming and agriculture have changed food production over the years whereby the yield is no longer quality and it has many health issues. This essay proposes a research study of the changes on food production over the years. The study will focus on the changes in nutrients, health issues, and the general quality of the food.
Literature Review According to Church and Stewart (2013), food has significantly changed over the years especially in terms of content and price. For instance, the price of commodities such as potatoes was significantly lower in previous decades as compared to the current price.
Moreover, it is worth stating that nutrient density of food has significantly declined over the years because of the changes in the methods of farming and food processing. Climate change has also affected the agricultural patterns, especially in terms of growing food and harvesting.
Information obtained from academic libraries indicates that problems associated with the consumption of processed foods are not new. These problems have existed among humanity since the advent of technology. According to Garg and Mukerji (2010), scientists face difficulties coming up with solutions to side effects resulting from the consumption of processed foods.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For years, these professionals have not succeeded in their mission to enhance food safety. This implies that changes in food production techniques and the use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides have great impacts on the quality of the processed food.
Research provides that food nutrients have declined significantly in the past decade. In fact, food production has registered almost 50% decline in nutrients due to changes in production styles and the use of technology. This implies that food consumed nowadays contain almost 50% less nutritional value than it was one hundred years ago.
This can be attributed to the changes in food production techniques. Parry and Hawkesford (2010) provide that new methods of food production, which involve the use of chemicals, animal confinement, and other new agricultural practices that are aimed at doubling production contribute to the decline of vital nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants, and photochemical.
Currently, food security is a major societal issue that has contributed to changes in food production over time. Efforts to feed the increasing population have led to the use of technologies to preserve the surplus food for future use. This contributes to many health issues because some preservatives promote the growth of tumors, and cancerous cells.
Global food production needs to be increased by 70-100% by the year 2050 to be able to feed a population of about 9 billion people. Thus, the increasing pressure on food security has led to the advancement of technologies to double food production. Therefore, genetically modified foods, food preservatives, and animal husbandly that compromises the quality of food is as a result of those technologies (Spiertz
Gender difference Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
For a long time there has been a gender difference between men and women in life and social environment. Women have been fighting for equality rights and fair treatment and it has almost been achieved. Even though there are more opportunities today there is still prejudice and partially, it comes from the fact that men and women are different not only biologically but mentally as well. Gender plays a differential role in society and communication which is needed to attain certain results.
The main difference comes from the understanding and thinking of each gender. For the most part, to say generally, men are more power hungry and demand to be in a position of authority. This has come from a long history of male domination and men have gotten used to being in control and charge. Also, men are more focused on finding out the neutral and clear cut facts about something which leads them to being more direct and assertive.
Women use a much different technique in achieving their goals, as it stems from better insight into the matter of things. Because women were segregated for such a long time and were prevented from taking up higher and more prominent positions, they have developed a unique method of reaching their goal and it is not the same as men’s. Women tend to center on the person, deeper insight into the context and personality of the speaker and the general situation.
This allows for better qualitative analysis of information, linking it to the individual presenting the facts. Of course, it would be unwise to conclude that all men and women exhibit these qualities, as there are women who want to have all the authority and men who have profound insight but the standard for the majority is upheld by existing evidence.
There is a supposition that women are better at communicating than men. In reality, it is difficult to say because every individual has their unique technique in the interaction with other people. It could be assumed that women are better because they were environmentally forced to be better communicators.
Since they could not wage wars and overpower men, they had to develop skills that are different from forceful overtake of power. This would develop language and thinking skills. But the modern times have made gender differences less noticeable with men being great negotiators and women strong fighters.
It could be said that both genders have become equal in their communication and sense of direction. The present times have brought many changes to the social construction of genders and the way the separation is viewed. Often, the media abuses the roles of men and women, focusing on the sexuality and criteria that define and separate men and women. One of the oldest gender constructions came from the functioning of the family.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Women were thought to have a role of homeowners, raising children and taking care of any home or farm matters. Men were hunters and centered their life on providing for the family. This separation is a historical construct that has been enforced through segregation and unequal treatment of women.
Even though the world has greatly changed, the separation is still noticeable through social roles and duties. The majority of positions of power are still held by men, depriving women of a chance to demonstrate their strengths.
find an image online portraying an object of material culture that has significance to you. Insert that image in essay help
find an image online portraying an object of material culture that has significance to you. Insert that image in a document or on a presentation slide. Make a list of five material culture items and five nonmaterial culture ideas that relate to the image. write a paragraph about why you chose this cultural item.
The pros of mandatory service Research Paper scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Why the bill should become law
Introduction Students appear to be overwhelmed by the myriad of activities that make up their school programs. Many would argue that this would be just another burden for them. However, choosing such a stance would obscure the long term merits of the program. Focusing on the short discomforts of mandatory voluntary service causes one to miss out on the great benefits that can emanate from the program. Not only would participants gain work-related skills like team-building and time management, they would also develop a deep community identity.
Why the bill should become law Mandatory community or military service would strengthen students’ association with their communities. As students volunteer in hospitals, fire departments, drug recovery centers and others, they will get to learn about unmet needs in their community (Worrall 15).
This could compel them to become passionate about filling those gaps and thus more active in their adult life. For instance, a training psychologist could learn about the lack of adequate follow-through in drug rehabilitation centers and this could propel him or her to become a better professional in the future.
Alternatively, if a person finds that things are working well in his or her community, the volunteer could develop a sense of pride. He or she will appreciate the valuable work that other people are putting into his or her area of residence. Therefore, the program will enhance community identity and ownership over initiatives. One may also argue that modern American youth are too consumer-oriented (Longo 93). Most of them tend to focus on their individual needs rather than that of their surroundings.
These young men and women only care about what they can get out of their parents or the government rather than what they can give back. National voluntary services would enable such persons to connect with forces beyond themselves and develop a moral outlook (Sauerwein 15).
Mandatory volunteer work will strengthen students’ prospects for employment. Individuals who work in community services must build rapport with others. They need to know teamwork as they must consult with paid professionals, fellow volunteers, or beneficiaries of the programs (Light 81). Additionally, these persons must plan their time adequately in order to fit it into their school routine. They will thus learn time management skills. Several students are already doing volunteer work and they do not even know it.
One indication of this trend is participation in internship programs. Internship often gives students an added advantage in job recruitments (Shivaun 43). Consequently, the same may be said of the proposed mandatory community program. Opportunities and skills obtained from the plan would be priceless. For instance, individuals would build networks in their desired career line, and this could enhance their prospects for finding employment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion Students require opportunities to make them more marketable to employers, and voluntary service is one such avenue. The consumerist attitude that pervades western societies has caused American youth to become self-centered. This policy could foster a greater moral attitude among the country’s citizenry.
In essence, such a policy would make participants better professionals because they would learn about inadequacies in current arrangements. This could cause them to foster change in their professions. Some short term sacrifices always have to be made in order to realize a greater good. Students, parents, employers and other stakeholders will appreciate the proposed law once they see the gains of the policy.
Works Cited Light, Richard. Making the most of college: Students speak their minds. Harvard: HUP, 2001. Print.
Longo, Nicholas. Why community matters: Connecting education with civic life. NY: SUNY press, 2007. Print.
Sauerwein, Kristina. “A compelling case for volunteers.” The American School Board Journal 183.3 (1996): 29-31. Print.
Shivaun, Perez. Assessing service learning using pragmatic principles of Education. Texas: Texas State University Press, 2000. Print.
Worrall, Laurie. “Asking the community: A case study of community partner perspectives.” Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning 14.1(2007): 5-17. Print.
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Social Sites Are Becoming Too Much of a Good Thing Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The article under discussion dwells upon popularity of social networking. The author claims that social networking is decreasing as people are losing their interest in online communities. Lee uses a term for the decreased popularity. She notes that many people are experiencing “social networking fatigue” (Lee 152). It is necessary to note that the author’s argument is plausible and well-grounded as Lee uses all three means of persuasion, i.e. ethos, pathos, logos.
Logos Lee resorts to a variety of logos in her article. The author provides extensive data to support her argument. For instance, the author provides specific data which show the ongoing decrease, “MySpace’s audience dropped from 49.2 million to 47.2 million; Facebook from 8.9 million to 7.8 million” (Lee 152).
Lee also suggests a number of reasons for the drop. She states that increasing amount of advertisement in social networks discourages people from joining online communities or spending much time in social networks. Lee provides certain data which show that big companies invest money in this type of advertisement and acquire social networks making them highly commercial, “MySpace . was acquired by News Corp. last year for $580 million, and Facebook, born out of a Harvard dorm room, followed” (153).
Noteworthy, the author provides certain factual support to an opposing opinion stating that there is “enormous expansion” at the rate of 320 thousand newly added profiles each day (Lee 155). However, this does not undermine plausibility of the author’s argument, but shows that the author has implemented an insightful research. Thus, it is possible to note that Lee makes use of logos, which enhances credibility of her argument.
Ethos Apart from logos, the article contains ethos. Lee refers to different experts’ opinions. When considering popularity of social networks, Lee refers to Nielsen/NetRatings (152).
The author also provides opinions of Fred Stutzman who is a student of the University of North Carolina and viewpoints of Nicole Ellison, who is a professor at the Michigan State University, or Val Landi, who is a co-founder of WiredBerries, which is a newly launched website for females (Lee 153). Admittedly, the use of such experts’ viewpoints makes the article more credible. The author proves that this is not her own opinion, but there are professionals who can make conclusions due to their vast experience in the given field.
Pathos Finally, the author also exploits pathos in her article. This means of persuasion makes the writing more appealing. For instance, Lee provides a quote which is very appealing, “It makes no sense to have a million of those pages” (152). Exaggeration ‘a million’ makes the sentence more emphatic and more emotional.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another sentence, which appeals to the readers’ emotions, is as follows: “So where to next?” (Lee 155). This rhetoric question makes the reader think and try to find own answers. Therefore, the article reaches its major aim, i.e. it makes people aware of the issue and makes people think about it.
Conclusion On balance, it is possible to note that the article in question contains ethos, pathos and logos. The author’s argument is well-grounded and she concisely provides evidence to support her claim. The use of these means of persuasion makes the article effective as it informs the reader about the issue, appeals to the readers’ emotions and makes the reader consider the problem and come to some conclusions.
Works Cited Lee, Ellen. “Social Sites Are Becoming Too Much of a Good Thing.” The McGraw Hill Reader: Issues across the Disciplines. Ed. Gilbert H. Muller. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2010. 152-155. Print.
Plate tectonics, volcanism, earthquakes and rings of fire Report college essay help online
Plate tectonics refers to the scientific theory stating that the lithosphere is always on a constant motion. This movement occurs in a large mass and is based on the plate tectonic theory which was put forward by scientists in the early twentieth century (Diller 2001).
Plate tectonics has led to the separation of the sea floor over the years and the earth is composed of seven tectonic plates according to the available geological information. The boundaries of the moving plates are always characterised by earthquakes, mountain formation or volcanic activities depending on whether the relative movement between them is convergent, divergent or transformational (Condie 2007).
Volcanism is the process by which molten rock material also known as magma moves out of the Earth’s interior due to high pressure and stress to the surface through fissures. Magma can either be viscous or less viscous and this dictates its effect when it reaches the Earth’s surface. Highly viscous magma leads to the formation of steep volcanoes that are characterised by explosive eruptions while less viscous magma spreads on the surface leading to the formation of gently sloping features known as the plateaus and plains (Barber 2005).
Earthquakes are sudden movements of the earth’s crust due to pressure from the Earth‘s interior. The region where the earthquake originates from before it reaches the Earth’s surface is known as the epicentre.
Another common term is seismicity which refers to how frequently a place experiences an earthquake and the magnitude with which such an earthquake occurs. The magnitude of an earthquake is measured on the richer scale, where a magnitude of 3 and below is considered weak, while that of 7 and above is stronger and more destructive (Asantville 2009).
Ring of fire is a place that is prone to earthquakes and volcanic activities. The Pacific ring of fire is a region shaped like a horseshoe which is located in the Pacific Ocean. It is characterised by ocean trenches and is home to the world’s most deadly and active volcanoes (Nemeth 2012).
Works Cited Asantville, Adam. Geology. New York: Gareth Stevens Pub, 2009. Print.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Barber, Adams. Sumatra: Geology, Resources and Tectonic Evolution. London: The Geological Society, 2005. Print.
Condie, Kent. Plate Tectonics and Crustal Evolution. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 2007. Print.
Diller, James. A Late Volcanic Eruption in Northern California and Its Peculiar Lava. Washington: Govt. Print, 2001. Print.
Nemeth, Jason. Plate Tectonics. New York: Power Kids Press, 2012. Print.
The importance of maintaining confidentiality Essay essay help: essay help
Information obtained from individuals who are undergoing marriage/family counseling should always be treated with privacy. This practice is known as confidentiality. Professionals who offer counseling services to clients are the only one expected to have access to the confidential data. In all counseling sessions, clients should be made to feel secure and comfortable even before they begin sharing their experiences with the counselor. If clients feel intimidated or insecure in any way, the counseling process cannot get along as expected.
Worse still, the client cannot receive any workable emotional or psychological assistance if the privacy of information shared cannot be guaranteed. The ability to maintain confidentiality of information obtained from clients is a critical ethical component since it is illegal to share private data without consent from the affected party, the client being counseled can hardly share personal information if it will not be kept confidential, and it also leads to gross counseling failure since the patient cannot receive the required help.
Although some counselors argue that verbal information can be shared out especially if it does not infringe the rights of clients, it is completely unethical to do so. Both verbal and written information obtained from clients undergoing marriage counseling should be treated with high level of confidentiality (Melton, 1997). In any case, all forms of information obtained from counseling sessions are usually very sensitive and can lead to gross mistrust as well as poor relationship development among the parties involved.
It is perhaps necessary to begin by exploring what can be considered to be confidential or private in a marriage/counseling process. Some of the examples of sensitive information that can be shared out include infidelity problems between partners or spouses, emotional trauma arising from deep family wrangles, serious medical problems that impede procreation, infertility and stigma arising from an embarrassing infection (Mulligan, 1996).
We cannot imagine such type of information being shared out to third parties without the consent of the client being counseled. It can be disastrous to both the counselor and recipient of the services if delicate data of such magnitude is accessed by the public and other uninterested parties.
There are ethical standards that ought to be followed keenly when applying the concept of confidentiality on the records of clients undergoing counseling sessions (Melton, 1997).
Although breach of confidentiality is a common experience in most counseling institutions, it is prudent to mention that the privacy of patients can only be tampered with when the mental health condition of the affected person is at high risk. Needless to say, exposing confidential data should only take place when there is looming danger. Professional marriage counselors may plunge themselves into costly law suits if they breach the privacy of their clients.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are several factors that have hindered full application of ethical standards. For instance, lack of clear guidelines or legislations in some jurisdictions and counseling facilities is a major setback. Even in the absence of strict legislations in place, breach of privacy can be minimized with the assistance of staff members who have undergone thorough capacity building and training on ethical standards (Melton, 1997).
A case study of the United States reveals that strict legislations have been adopted by both the state and federal authorities when it comes to privacy of counseling information obtained from clients. Both the Patient Bill of Rights and HIPAA have been passed by the legislature in order to protect the confidentiality of recipients undergoing counseling. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Acts (HIPAA) are instrumental in enhancing the privacy of counseling recipients.
Even though confidentiality has been a critical issue in both of these pieces of legislations, the ability of a counseling institution to offer high quality care should be a vital part of the entire process. It is not possible for counseling experts to offer poor quality care while at the same time claim to be capable of protecting the privacy of clients (Melton, 1997). High quality counseling sessions should go a long way in addressing the innermost needs of clients especially in regards to confidentiality.
Conclusion To recap it all, the ability to maintain confidentiality of information gathered from individuals undergoing counseling is a critical ethical factor bearing in mind that it is against the law to share private information without permission from the concerned party. In addition, the individual being counseled cannot easily share personal information if it will not be kept confidential. On the same note, it may culminate into gross counseling failure because the patient cannot obtain the required counseling assistance as anticipated.
It is also vital to assert that marriage counselors should not harm clients in any way when obtaining, recording and distributing their data. This implies that a positive relationship should be developed between counselors and clients. In other words, both of them should have a common understanding on the type of information that can be shared with the third party without causing any gross risk to the patient.
References Melton J.L. (1997). Sounding Board: The Threat to Medical-Records Research. New England Journal of Medicine, 337 (20), 1466-1469.
Mulligan, D. (1996). Privacy and Health Information Systems: A Guide to Protecting Patient Confidentiality. Center for Democracy and Technology: Washington, D.C
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The Role of Workplace System in Business Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
In case of a company hiring a younger team force and cutting off the older employees, there are several possibilities that would be acceptable and fair to each group. Because the younger population has finished their studies and is in need of a job or career development, companies must do their best to hire them.
It is necessary for the new employees to get the experience and choice in what they want to pursue. Mistreating previous employees who have reached a certain age is, however, not acceptable. The fact that they have deep knowledge of the company and have input many years proves that they are loyal and have become a part of the organization.
The company is successful partly due to their efforts and skills, as they have contributed to the organization and have not left during many years of work. There must be a balance between the new incoming force and the one who has seniority. Not only does the company risk, entrusting its matters to inexperienced employees, thus hurting its profits and reputation, it might also create predisposition where people will analyze the company’s treatment of previous employees and would not want to stay for the long term.
In case more mature individuals are offered a 50 per cent cut in their salaries and they have nothing against such policies, it could be acceptable but there would have to be a unified agreement between all employees, as it would be unfair for some to get cut and others to have unchanged salaries. Another option is to decrease the number of hours for either group or offer a choice of different benefits, salaries, and hours.
When an employer looks to hire a person who is pregnant or has any other condition that can affect the work temporarily, it would be against policies and human rights to decline the application.
Since the law states that people with short-term disabilities must be hired or kept in the workplace, the same conditions apply to women who are pregnant (Bennet-Alexander
An Occurrence at Owl Creek Essay writing essay help
In the story, An Occurrence at the Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce, the author shows how an individual perceives time. The depiction of time in the story shows the fluid nature of time (Bierce, n.d). The author uniquely uses the nature of time to narrate a story from a present time to that of the past. In the real sense, the author imagines the present by using the past. Time is of the essence in the story as it reveals the various issues that affect the lives of other characters.
To some extent, the author perception on time is not same to that of other characters. It is interesting to observe how the author uses time to interrupt a continuous flow of events. The author uses time to depict events that exemplify reality. Perhaps the author deems that time favors the fate of each character in the story. The main character in the story perceives time not to favor him. For example, Farquhar thinks that time goes slow on his side compare to others.
In the story, Farquhar seems entangled in his own timeless realm. In this respect, the author tries to portray the feelings of the character in a metaphorical manner. For example, the author calls Farquhar “a vast pendulum” (Chapter III, p.3) to show how he is unconscious of the current happenings.
The author uses the metaphor of time to explain how one can drift into semi-consciousness. This time can either be exhibited in the symbol of sleeping or going into a dream. For example, “Farquhar closes his eyes to fix his thoughts” (Chapter II, p.2). At this point it is clear that the present events are not favorable to Farquhar. At this time, time depicts a transitional place that is between the present and the past.
The depiction of time as subjective by the author is intriguing. Perhaps this is the reason why Farquhar attempts to manipulate time. Farquhar sees this manipulation of time as a good way of escaping reality. However, the subjective nature ultimately allows important events like death to claim the character.
At this point, it is clear that Farquhar has used the time to create confusion between reality and illusion. The reader only realizes the gap bridged between reality and illusion by the author at the end of the story. Perhaps this confusion and interruption of real events depicts how people struggle to control time and events that affect them in the real life.
Through time, the author creates a fantasy world for Farquhar. The manner in which Farquhar imagines his death escape is as a result of a past reflection “as a federal scout” (Chapter 1, p.1) of the northern scout. During his imagination, Farquhar traverses time to perceive himself as a confederate soldier.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author has used the driftwood as a symbol of time. Just like a clock, the driftwood helps Farquhar to travel through the waters. The driftwood is a distortion of time as he fantasizes being the driftwood. The speed in which the driftwood move through the waters leaves Farquhar wondering how slow and fast is time. In fact, the existence of the driftwood becomes a symbol of how Farquhar perceives time.
In conclusion, the author seems to use the story to question the reader’s perception on time. This becomes evident when the author uses foreshadowing in the story to show that indeed Farquhar’s story was fictional. In general, the author seeks to know whether the reader is conscious of the present and whether the present is a reality.
Reference Bierce, A. (n.d). An occurrence at owl Creek Bridge. Retrieved from https://www.pagebypagebooks.com/Ambrose_Bierce/An_Occurrence_At_Owl_Creek_Bridge/index.html
Advancement of the computer Report (Assessment) essay help: essay help
The first property that determines how materials are universally classified is the atoms that make up the material. These atoms are neutrons, protons, and electrons. Most materials in their elementary form are neutral since the number of protons is equal to the number of electrons. At the same time, those that are in a compound form are the ones that have a combination of two or more elements.
The second property is how different atoms making up the material are arranged in it; since various materials have a different arrangement of atoms. Thus, some are more compact than others. This is evident in the three states of matter that is: liquid, gas, and solid.
The third property is how atoms are bonded within the material itself. There are two types of bonding, in particular, covalent and ionic bonding. The first type involves sharing of the valence electrons in the material, while ionic bonding is the process where acceptance and donation of valence electrons between the atoms are present (Nils 2010).
A semiconductor is a material that is able to exhibit properties of both metals and non-metals such that they act as both insulators and, at the same time, have the ability to conduct electrons. The use of silicon based semiconductors revolutionized the field of computing due to their ability to change their level of conductivity by a process known as doping. It refers to the addition of impurities in the silicon semiconductor that alters its conductivity.
The application of semiconductors led to the invention of different miniature electrical components such as transistors and the integrated circuits. These devices possessed the ability to amplify signals, for example, the operational amplifier which is an integrated circuit. They also had the ability to switch and convert signals from one form to another.
These aforementioned properties of the silicon based semiconductor impacted on the advancement of the computer which became smaller, faster, and more efficient. Hence, the computers we use today are very different and far much better than the initial variants. The earlier computers used to consume a lot of heat. This feature has been rectified with the new generation of computers that consume less power have the ability to cool when heated. All these features are possible thanks to the invention of the silicon based semiconductor.
Nowadays, the field of computing is complex and more efficient. For example, cell phones, laptops, tablets, and notebooks were created due to the revolution experienced as a result of the silicon based semiconductor. The robot systems are being used today in almost all industries and have led to reduced workload as well as fast and efficient production of goods.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Microchips are miniature sets of electrical components that are usually etched on small semiconductor materials. The semiconductor materials preferred are germanium or silicon. It should be mentioned that a microchip forms a specific electrical circuit that achieves a specific purpose although the only difference with normal circuits is that they are very small in size. Microchips cannot be assembled by humans without the help of machines as they are so small and the soldering of the electrical components requires very specialized machinery (Turley 2002).
Microchips are related to integrated circuits in the way that they are just another form of integrated circuits. The components in the microchips are a combination of different integrated circuits that have been reduced in size. Among these components one could name transistors, operational amplifiers, power regulators, relays, and microcontrollers. These devices are combined on a single semiconductor to form a microchip. Thus, the basic relation between the microchip and integrated circuits is that the microchip itself contains integrated circuits as its integral components (Cardona 2004).
A human brain does not process information on a given time span since the speed of processing varies. At the same time, the central processing unit of a computer processes information depending on the computer’s clock speed. Hence, computers with a higher clock speed tend to process information faster while computers with a lower clock speed tend to take more time in the processing of data (Winston 2006).
One should note that artificial intelligence refers to the ability of computers and machines to reason and make decisions based on their preprogrammed logics. This includes robots working in industries or even intelligent cars that can navigate themselves on the road. These systems usually require minimal human aid as their level of success is very high and accurately efficient (Nils 2010).
Thus, the central processing units make decisions based on preprogrammed logic. This means that it cannot make decisions contrary to the programmed logic and hence it lacks the ability to reason rationally. On the other hand, human brain makes decisions based on logic as well as the rationale and experience. Therefore, it is common for humans to come to decisions that do not make sense and this is the main difference between the human brains and the central processing units of computers (Winston 2006).
Works Cited Cardona, Manuel. Fundamentals of Semiconductors : Physics and Materials Properties. London: Springer, 2004. Print.
Nils, Nilsson. The Quest for Artificial Intelligence: A History of Ideas and Achievements, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print.
We will write a custom Assessment on Advancement of the computer specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Turley, Jim (2002). The Essential Guide to Semiconductors. New York: Prentice Hall, 2002. Print.
Winston, Patrick. Artificial Intelligence. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 2006. Print.
Importance of People Management in Organizations Report college admissions essay help
Introduction People management in any business organization is a main factor in determining organization success. The smooth running of any business set up requires recruitment of a substantial number of employees. To ensure a constant flow of business, it is important to understand the workers and handle them properly.
Managers in any business organization have been given the responsibility to provide leadership, inspire, educate and give confidence to the employees (Bedeian 2003, p. 124). Other managerial responsibilities include employing, deploying, evaluating and giving instructions to the workers. However, such responsibilities are not easy to undertake.
Performance management Managers use performance management to measure employees output. An organization is always deemed to benefit from employees’ integrated efforts. Efficiency at the work place requires managers integrate all employee issues to establish a positive working environment with increased output.
To be able to establish a good working environment, a manager is required to establish good reward policies and motivation for the workers. Managers use performance management as a strategy to provide a foundation of reward policies. In this respect, employees that perform in consistency with pre-determined goals are subjected to certain reward policies.
The reward policy should focus on developing the attitudes of the employees (Baron 2003, p. 89). This will increase motivation for working among the employees. For example, the best performing workers ought to be rewarded at the end of a trading period. The workers’ welfare should motivate them into providing their best.
Recruitment and selection Recruitment and selection of workers is a vigorous activity undertaken by the managers that require professional expertise. Competent workers will provide high quality work at minimal supervision. The implementation of policies and strategies is easier where the workers are competent (Higgins 2004, p. 167).
During job interviews, identification of the best candidates is an acid test for the selection panel. The panel should prepare an interview sheet that will define the exact potential of the job seeker. Academic performance should not be perceived as a major element during the exercise. The job seekers general outlook and discipline is important. Therefore, the selection process and criteria should include the experience and the general knowledge of the job seeker in regard to the job position.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Training development Training development is an important element in ensuring that an organization’s culture of competent human resource is maintained. Training development acts as a foundation where personnel are aligned with an organizations job expectations and goals. In recent years, the concept of training development has been used to instill motivation among employees.
The concept has been instrumental in providing employees with significant skills and knowledge on issues related to their profession. Training development has been used as one of the basic requirement acknowledged by the management before an employee is promoted.
Difficulties and mistakes in reward policies and motivation strategies A good reward strategy should motivate the worker. The reward should be given after a good performance by the worker. The reward strategy should be done regularly to promote the commitment of the workers. There are managers have no procedure or policy on how rewards should be given to the performing employees.
Moreover, some managers do not deem it important to engage other staff members in a making critical decision during the employee reward process. A culture of competition for the reward among the workers will increase the output of the company. A psychological contract makes the workers feel they are part of the business. In some instances, managers make the mistake of not establishing a guiding and counseling unit to promote the employees’ psychological contract (Baron 2003, p. 89).
The frontline staff in a business organization is the employees who work directly with the customers (Graban