Ethical Leadership And Its Variations Research Paper Essay Help Free

Abstract Researchers have concentrated efforts to uncovering aspects and conceptions of ethical leadership models that could be used in contemporary organizations to not only ensure leadership effectiveness, but also enhance follower development and realization of organizational goals.

In this light, the present analysis contributes to our understanding of one such leadership model known as ethical leadership and its variations, which include servant, spiritual and authentic leadership.

The careful and exhaustive comparisons done between these leadership theories and other conventional leadership models such as transformational and charismatic leadership give credence to the fact that leader emphasis on ethical dimensions of leadership generates beneficial personal and organizational outcomes.

It has also been demonstrated that value-based leadership projected in servant, spiritual and authentic leadership is predicated on shared, robustly internalized values that are promoted and acted upon by the leader, but which goes a long way to ensure leadership effectiveness, positive organizational outcomes in terms of competencies development and productivity, and follower development.

Research into the servant, spiritual and authentic leadership models have demonstrated some shared, common features as well as broad differences.

Although these theories may represent a paradigm shift of leadership approaches into the future, more systematic and quantitative research is needed to harmonize the varying conceptions and other grey areas of the theories discussed comprehensively in this paper. Indeed, it has been noted that the popular appeal of these evolving leadership approaches is yet to translate into credible academic respectability.

Introduction Despite sustained attention by scholars and practitioners to the wide discipline of leadership, discussions of ethical leadership in public, private and even nonprofit organizations still remains largely anecdotal and highly normative. However, as noted by Rubin, Doedorff

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Ethical Challenges During Negotiations Research Paper college application essay help

Abstract When the concept of negotiations is explored from an ethical point of view, it is meant to improve the success of negotiations not only for us to win against someone else’s loss, but also to come up with situations where everyone wins.

This is because the observation of ethical practices in a negotiation yields a fair and just agreement that often leaves everyone happy and contented with whatever they have achieved from the negotiation (Fells, 2009).

The major reason, however, for the adoption of ethical behavior during negotiations is to ensure that both parties adopt negotiations in future if they are faced with any disagreement, instead of having to drag each other through court battles that often leave the parties more divided and scorned (Lewicki Barry

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Shortcomings that arise from a market strategy that aims at pleasing too many different types of customers Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Introduction It is evident that many organizations are working towards becoming customer-centric. Companies are aiming at satisfying as many customers as possible by producing products that are expected to fit different demographic parameters of the society. In this regard, this paper aims at evaluating whether this marketing initiative is flawed or it can be a success if pursued.

In order for the paper to clearly demystify the underlying facts in this paper, relationship theory of marketing will be used to investigate whether this marketing strategy is flawed or it can be successful. From its foundations, the paper will justify whether the study is worth investigating and why it is important to the marketing department.

Flaws in Wanting To Please So Many Customers Many organizations that have set on pleasing as many customers as possible have resulted in having many files for inactive customers stashed in their cabinet walls. This is because many organizations have a tendency to serve clients and later open a file for them on the assumption that these customers will stay and become loyal customers. In most incidences, this optimistic marketing strategy fails.

This is because the organization’s marketing department did not take its time to develop a good relationship with the customer prior to opening a file on them. Therefore, after a year or so, when the company decides to evaluate the number of customers in its portfolio, it establishes that they have many docile customers (Ferrell and Hartline, 2010).

According to Zimmerman (2001), the reasons why customers leave a certain organization can partially be attributed to the fact that they feel that the organization does not care about them. This scenario is likely to arise where the organization aims at pleasing too many customers simultaneously.

Many companies spend more than 80% of their marketing budget in pursuit of new customers instead of maintaining and nurturing a relationship with the existing ones (Ferrell and Hartline, 2010). This marketing strategy cost organizations more than six times selling the same product to a prospecting customer than it would have cost selling the same to an already established customer.

Therefore, it is the duty of the marketing department to develop good relationship with the customers so that they can often purchase the organization’s products (Lamb, Hair and McDaniel, 2008). This relationship can be built by treating customers as strategic partners in the company as this will prove to them that the company cares about their concerns.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This objective is only attainable if the organization satisfies its customers by selling the right products that are supported by the right promotion paraphernalia that ascertains that the products are available for the market at the right time and in the right place for the customers (The University of Michigan, 2002).

For the organization to achieve this objective, it should dedicate its best staff to do this job. This is because customers are easily won by competitors, more so when they detect indifference or insincerity in the organization’s marketing strategy (Fragasso, 2008). Therefore, it is the duty of the organization’s marketing department to create long-term customer relationships.

It is evident that this cannot be attained if the organization constantly wants to satisfy the needs of so many different customers at the same time. This enormous challenge can only be achieved if marketing department makes it its duty to maintain its customers rather than to focus on amassing new ones.

It should project its budgetary allocation towards nurturing good relationship with its customers as this guarantees the organization continued business with its established customer base (Boone and Kurt, 2010). As noted by Aslib (2009), this initiative is expected to increase the organization’s sales by a 50% margin without increasing its marketing department’s budgetary allocation.

Another pitfall that arises from this marketing approach where organizations pursue to please many different types of customers is that most organisations end up failing in the core objective of customer satisfaction.

This is because customer satisfaction in any product sold by an organization arises if the product delivered is able to meet the customer’s needs holistically. This marketing scenario enables the organization employees to intervene where necessary to ensure that the customer experience is superb (Kotler et al, 2009).

However, this is not possible if the organization is constantly looking for new and different customers to satisfy. When an organisation has a big pool of new customers to satisfy, its service or product delivery becomes inconsistent which often leads to a conflict in the services or products delivered. For instance, General Motors is a prime example for this scenario.

We will write a custom Essay on Shortcomings that arise from a market strategy that aims at pleasing too many different types of customers specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is because at one point in the company’s history, its products were tailored to fulfil certain demographics of the society. For example, the company had cars meant to meet the needs of various sections of the society. It had small family minivans for families, sports cars for the sporty people and trucks for working class as well as vehicles for goods transport among many other brands of vehicles (McKee, 2011).

This diversification strategy to please different customers resulted in a conflict of interest in the General Motor brands. For example, the company produced Pontiac, a popular car in the 60’s and 70’s as it signified power and style. However, Pontiac introduced other brands under its umbrella such as the Trans Sport which was a minivan, the Sunfire, a compact car among others brands.

Pontiac’s marketing strategy to satisfy customers makes one to question which facet of the society was the original Pontiac made for. This is because along the way, the company had lost track of its initial objective to manufacture a car for a certain section of the society as they mixed up its production in an attempt to fulfil the desires of as many customers as possible at the same time (Lamb, Hair and McDaniel, 2011).

The ability of any organization to fully satisfy its customers is entrenched in its unwritten rules and its trademark products that build its legacy. This is not possible for an organization whose culture is deeply rooted on the belief that it should satisfy as many customers as possible.

This wide range of production denies the organization the chance to have a product that can be accurately identified as its leading product. This pitfall can only be eradicated if the organization specializes and dedicates its resources on fulfilling the needs of a particular section in the market (Dempsey, 2004).

The organization’s aim to satisfy various customers will result in poor advertising programs. For instance, due to the magnitude of the products that the organization will be selling to its customers the best advertisement methods that can be implemented would only be the use of flyers that only show the name of the business, a few basics features of the product being sold and lastly, the address of the organization.

This marketing strategy results in little or no response from prospective customers (Aaker, 2008). Businesses that adopt this model are doomed to fail as they do not take into consideration the psychological sequence of the buyers. This is because the marketers lack time to accurately strategize on the best marketing criteria for each business product that is on sale from the organization.

Therefore, there is a need for organizations to brand their products that target a particular section of the society rather than the whole community. This branding will also give the organization the chance to formulate award winning advertisements that are expected to promote their products to prospective customers.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Shortcomings that arise from a market strategy that aims at pleasing too many different types of customers by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such advertisements are precise as they leave no room for irrelevant complaints from factions of the society that are not in the organization’s target audience (Kotler and Lee, 2006).

Reason Why Companies Embark On Selling To Too Many Different Types of Buyers According to Egan and Harker (2005), organizations spend too much time asking prospective customers from all walks of life their opinions on various products they offer. This approach in the marketing strategy forms a weak link in the organization’s market research.

This is because in asking all types of groups questions that are expected to provide the marketing department with the data expected to pilot how the organization will sell its products will result in biased or untrue information.

As noted by Doyle (2001), it is evident that majority of those respondents answer the questioners based on two beliefs. First, they might respond to the questions by giving answers that they know the questioner wants to hear. Secondly, they may give answers that are expected to attest their intelligence or that are expected to make them sound smarter.

This problem in collecting marketing data worsens when the group to be questioned is gathered together to form a focus group. Such group’s main agenda is to please their cohorts. Therefore, they give biased responses so as to achieve their objectives.

This makes the focus groups inherently flawed in their marketing objectives as they mislead organizations into believing that their products will be bought if they sell them to different types of customers.

According to Kapferer (2007), these focus groups conceive an artificial marketing environment for organizations based on intellectual information that they collect and forget that most buyers’ decision to buy is mostly influenced by their emotions rather than their knowledge.

Therefore, it is prudent to say that focus groups have misled organizations into believing that selling goods to numerous types of groups would increase the organizations market share or profits (Dibb and Simkin, 2008). This belief has led to the failure of many products such as the McDonald’s Mclean sandwich that was greatly hyped by its marketing focus group (McDonald, 2002).

The Relationship Theory of Marketing The relationship theory of marketing will play a crucial role in depicting the importance of having good customer relations for organizations. According to Buttle, (2006), the relationship marketing theory is concerned with attracting customers, development of good relationship with customers and lastly, their retention.

This theory has put more emphasis on customer satisfaction and retention as opposed to stressing on the importance of increasing the sales transaction of the organization. The theory has differed from other theories proposed in marketing. This is because it articulates that having long-term customer relations is the most important element in any successful marketing department.

Relationship marketing theory holds that customer retention supersedes any advertisement message that can be formulated by the marketing department in the organization (Kleinaltenkamp and Ehret, 2006).

Relationship marketing involves finding new customers that are within the organization’s target group, formulation of strategies that are expected to attract them to the organization, nurturing the relationship that the organization has with those customers, retaining its already existing customers, enticing back former customers who might have been lost to its competitors and lastly, reduction of the costs of marketing that come with serving organization clients.

This theory proves the aim of pleasing too many different types of customers is flawed. This is because such strategy simply advocates for a purchase-exchange process between the customer and the seller thus negating the fundamental ideologies of this theory, which is having an organization transaction that is expected to create some ties between the seller and the buyer.

Conclusion In conclusion, it is evident that this paper has exhaustively discussed the shortcomings that arise from a market strategy that aims at pleasing too many different types of customers. The paper has managed to show that this strategy is flowed.

The paper has also effectively identified the flaws that have resulted in this marketing strategy. It is also evident that the relationship marketing theory negates the strategy of seeking to please too many customers. Therefore, it is prudent to conclude that the aim of selling the goods to customers is flawed and any organization planning to do so is doomed to fail.

Reference List Aaker, D., 2008. Strategic Market Management. New York: John Wiley.

Aslib, B. 2009. Aslib information. New York: Aslib.

Boone, L., E. and Kurt, D., L., 2010. Contemporary Business. New York: John Wiley

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Comparing and contrasting the curriculum approaches in England and Scotland Essay essay help online

Introduction Education and care among children has proved to be a big challenge for curriculum developers. From one perspective, there is a need to guide the personnel in early childhood centers, especially if they have low qualification or insufficient training.

A curriculum aids in ascertaining that staffs cover crucial learning areas, espouse a pedagogical approach, and accomplish a certain measure of quality in various groups across a country or region.

A curriculum is, too, a center for further training. On another perspective, it is broadly accepted that the aims of early childhood education and care curriculum ought to be diverse, as well as contribute to the child’s overall development and later success in school (Mac Naughton, 2003 p. 12).

These aims include health and physical development; emotional welfare and social capability; constructive paradigms to learning; communication skills; cognition and general knowledge. In addition, owing to learning patterns of young children, social-emotional and cognitive progress is learnt at the child’s own speed.

They take place through play and active methods, controlled by the child’s self-determination. All these considerations point out that caution should be taken while coming up with a comprehensive cognitive curriculum, which staff should deliver to acquiescent young children (Whitebread, 2006 p. 23).

Given the significance of this growth stage in children (pre-birth to five); many countries around the world have opted to issuing of brief guidelines on early childhood programming instead of offering a comprehensive curriculum. These guidelines are directed towards parents, educators and local administrators.

Fundamentally, these guidelines or curricular frameworks set up the value base and program principles on which this education is to be grounded. The goal is to encourage a collective sense of purpose between parents and early childhood centers; to endorse social and cultural values vital for society; to ascertain a considerable amount of unity of standards; and to inform and ease communication between staff, parents and children.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Although, many countries are still lagging behind in implementing early childhood education and care curriculums, some have already taken the big step and endorsed detailed programs. Such nations include England and Scotland. This essay compares and contrasts the curriculum approaches in both countries with close attention to children aged 0-5 years (Saracho, 2006 p. 42).

Comparing and contrasting curriculum approaches in England and Scotland The United Kingdom comprises of four different countries, each with a command over education: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The fact that the four countries were part of the Britain does not imply that they share a common curriculum in their schools although English remains the dominantly spoken language in amongst these nations.

England has its own curriculum known as National Curriculum while Scotland’s is referred to as National Guidance (Pinar, 2003 p. 27). The first part of this essay offers an overview of the two curriculums before describing their similarities and differences.

The national Curriculum in England: Key Stages The National Curriculum offers an entitlement to a number of areas for all children in maintained schools, in spite of their background and ability. Although there is not an exact match between ages and Key Stages, children may complete Key Stages at an earlier or later age based on their progress. In addition, private schools do not a need to adhere to the National Curriculum or deliver Key Stage tests.

The National Curriculum has four Key Stages with eight levels (Cox, 2004 p. 8). The first stage is meant for children between 5 and 7 years. The National Curriculum identifies learning across a number of subjects such as history, art and information technology, though the three core subjects are English, mathematics and science.

Children are tested in reading, writing and mathematics, but these are used only to inform overall teacher assessments. The test results are not reported or collected centrally (Anning, 2001 p. 21).

The next Key Stage of the National Curriculum is meant for children aged 7-11. This is usually the end of primary education after which pupils in maintained schools proceed to secondary schools. Pupils study ten subjects assessed by teachers. They take tests in English, mathematics and science.

We will write a custom Essay on Comparing and contrasting the curriculum approaches in England and Scotland specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Key Stage 3 covers the first three years of secondary schooling. Students take twelve subjects, with teacher assessments and tests in English, mathematics and science. The fourth and last Key Stage of the National Curriculum prepares pupils towards various academic and vocational qualifications (DCSF, 2008 p. 23).

These are partly assessed through coursework. Every young person has to study English, mathematics, science, ICT, citizenship and Physical Education. Pupils must also study religious education, careers education, sex education and work-related learning. They also have access to four entitlement areas covering the arts, design and technology, languages and humanities.

The above four Key Stages point out that the Early Years Foundation Stage is deliberately not part of the National Curriculum. It, however, creates a distinct, coherent phase for all children aged 0-5.

It places an expectation on practitioners to support children’s learning and development through creative development, as well as physical development. Practitioners are expected to assess children’s progress through observation. The EYFS Profile is a tool to summarize children’s achievements at the completion of the Foundation Stage (Geva

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Rollerblade Micro-Environment analysis Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Rollerblade Micro-Environment analysis Businesses are affected by both internal and external factors; to remain competitive leaders should keep making timely, quality, responsive business decisions.

The United States apparels industry is highly competitive with international and domestic players; in2010, US footwear industry recorded a decrease in sales by 2%, the industry was worth US$42,045 with 2 billion pairs sold. This paper discusses micro-environment of Rollerblade Corporation (Rollerblade Official website, 2011).

Sport market in the United States Despite global financial crisis of 2007, the United States sports market recorded an increased sale in the years 2010, during the year, the market increased with 3%; this was a total value of US$27,371. Shoes recorded a marginal decrease in these sales with women sportswear shoes recording the highest decline in 2010.

In relation to unit prices for the products, the prices increased marginally in 210 to record an increase of 1% on average; the products that experienced the highest increase were children sports footwear which recorded an increase by 3%.

With the growth in globalization, there have been growth in online selling where the target are international markets; in 2009, Amazon was able to complete sales worth US$930 through its online sellers like Zappos.com. In 2010, Jones Apparels announced that it had increased its sales with 2%; the move had been attributed to growth in clothing sectors mostly children clothing’s.

Competitors There are a number of players in the sportswear industry; the players are both national and international. The main competitors that Rollerblade has to deal with include Fila and Nike; they are companies that specify on sporting apparels.

Nike

Competition in the United States sportswear industry is high, however Nike has been able to share the largest market where it shares about quarter of the market at 23%, and payless shoesources Inc. follows a distance second at 5% of the market share. The company has a strong brand name thus Rollerblade has to devise mechanisms to compete with the multinational; it also enjoys economies of scale (Nike Official Website, 2011).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Fila

Fila Company is another competitor that Rollerblade has to consider when making marketing and product development strategies. Fila Company is an Italian multinational that operates in more than none countries United States included.

The company had strong marketing team that advises the management on the right approach to marketing. The company has invested in investment in skating footwear and other apparels, in 2009, the company introduced the Fila carving skates, with active steering technology which are skating shoes with high levels of comfort.

With the market aggressiveness, Rollerblade has to enact effective selling and marketing policies to sell their products effectively. Although Rollerblade has been favoured by the growth of skiing sport, its competitors have developed products, shoes that are preferred by sportsmen than the products made by the company.

The fast developments of the company’s products have make Rollerblade face high competition from the company. Fila are highly supported by its strong brand names; the company is able to venture into new business arenas because of the strength of its name (Fila Official Website, 2011).

New Balance Athletic Shoe Inc

Another competitor that Rollerblade has to consider when making its products is New Balance Athletic Shoe Inc. The company accounted for 0.2 % of Unites States sales of apparels in 2010; the amounts realized are US$774 million in US sales. The level sales had reached that record high because of its business diversification to footwear sporting items.

To remain competitive the company has embraced technology and engaged in business partnership with wholesalers and retailers like J Crew. It was ranked the seventh in foot ware sales in 2010; Rollerblade has the task of coming up with project that address such strong competitors (New Balance Athletic Shoe Inc, 2011).

Customer Rollerblade choose its customers from a wide range of potential customers, the main area that the company has concentrated in are sports people, both men and women where it sponsors some sports as marketing tools. Other than the established players, the company has programs that reach to future markets; they include policies and marketing strategies that address children, college students, and high school students.

We will write a custom Essay on Rollerblade Micro-Environment analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The method of marketing is aimed at creating close marketing link with the youthful population in preparation of future markets (Neal and Quester, 2006).

Rollerblade marketing team is conscious of the method of selling that its competitors are using; the method is superior as it assists the company know the right approach to the market and the kind of commodities that markets are looking for.

When developing products, the company undertakes wide research on the right developments they should adopt in their strategies. The aim of the company is always to offer high quality products and create and maintain its customer’s loyalty (Metters, Kathryn, Madeleine and Steve, 2006).

References Fila Official Website. 2011. Fila. Web.

Metters, R., Kathryn, K., Madeleine, P., and Steve, W.,2006. Successful Service Operations Management. Thomson South-Western: Mason.

National Museum of Roller skating Website, 2011. National Museum of Roller skating. Web.

Neal, C. and Quester, P.,2006. Consumer behaviour: implications for marketing strategy.NewJersey: McGraw-Hill.

New Balance Athletic Shoe Inc., 2011. New Balance Athletic Shoe Inc. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Rollerblade Micro-Environment analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nike Official Website., 2011. Nike. Web.

Rollerblade Official website.,2011. Rollerblade. Web.

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Kirby Report Recommendations Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Recommendation Category one

The context at the time

Action taken

Support and opposition of the recommendation

The current hospital status in Canada

Proposed measures

References

In 2002, the Canadian senate sought to investigate the state of health in the country and make necessary recommendations. The Standing Committee mandated on matters of social affairs, science and technology took up the matter and set out to investigate as well as come up with a document that would offer detailed information on the state of national health and make recommendations.

The committee was chaired by Senator Michael Kirby, and specifically, it sought to come up with ways that would reduce problems related to maldistribution, jurisdictional competition and undersupply. The committee, on completion of its investigative work and writing of reports, came up with various recommendations that were categorized into six parts.

The overall recommendation was that the federal government was supposed to work with relevant parties in creating a national coordinating body for health care system and which was supposed to be composed of key stakeholders. This paper explores one of the recommendations that were proposed by the committee.

Recommendation Category one Recommendations on restructuring the current hospital and doctor system to make them more efficient as well as effective in providing timely and quality patient care (Taylor, 2009, p.7).

This is the first of the categories of recommendations that were made by Kirby’s committee as a way of improving conditions of health care system in the country. According to Day, Paul and Williams (2009), Kirby’s report on the status of Canadian health care system noted that there were some grave issues that need to be addressed on matters concerning hospital management.

For this reason therefore, the committee made it clear that there was a need to restructure the hospital managements. This recommendation was prompted by a number of factors. The discussion below looks at the state of Canadian health system and hospital management that prompted such a recommendation.

The context at the time Before the commissioning of the report and subsequent recommendations were made, the hospital situation in Canada was in bad state. Apart from a few ones, the hospitals in the country were not for profits and their ownership was community based. Some of them were owned by religious bodies while others were either owned by universities or the municipal governments.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In actual sense, the territorial or provincial governments did not own hospitals, and this is despite the fact that the provincial administration was doing a lot of funding for the management of the hospitals in the country. The concept of restructuring was therefore meant to devolve the management of the hospitals plus the doctor system.

The major concept here is care-spending from the provincial administration or governments or what could be termed as the ministries of health in the national government. Once money is released from the national headquarter, the regional health authorities abbreviated as RHAs would take up the matter and design the best way to distribute the money or resources.

In Canada, there existed the municipal doctor system but was superseded by what came to be known as the province-wide medical care program (Taylor, 2009). This program had its own merits but it later degenerated to inefficiency and low productivity among the hospital units that were affected.

This led to an increased need to change the system so that there could be a more accommodative approach that could enhance efficiency in the hospitals. In changing this system, the committee sought to address a number of fundamentals that were realized.

For example, it became apparent that there was need to address the issue of growing waiting times in accessing health services and ensuring that the patients can receive the services in their jurisdictions. It was also critical for the county to start meeting patient service standards that can be regarded as reasonable to all. The overall goal was to ensure that the health provision in the country was up to standards.

Action taken The government of Canada has adopted various measures in an effort to restructure management and smooth working of hospitals. In a study carried out on 140 Canadian hospitals after a lot of restructuring of these healthcare units, it was found out that the kind of restructuring that was done was changing of the nursing staff mix (Hall, Jan 2005).

There was employment of full time nurses and the government enhanced support roles that utilized issues such as professional practice leaders, clinical specialists in nursing, case managers, nurse educators and nurse practitioners. The government has also done a lot of merging and downsizing as an overall measure of restructuring and there are government sponsored medicines.

We will write a custom Essay on Kirby Report Recommendations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, these measures have not been effective and some of the hospitals have been forced to close. For example, reducing of critical medical services has only resulted to loss of extensive jobs for the hospital workers and mostly the nurses.

Hospital restructuring has also resulted to stress and job insecurity. It can therefore be argued that government response in terms of restructuring has not yielded the fruits that were foreseen by the committee. As such, there is dire need to relook at the issue and put necessary measures.

The government has also come up with what can be termed as a market based restructuring and funding structure for the hospitals. As was proposed by Kirby led committee, there was a need for a neutral funder especially when it comes to ownerships of the institutions. It also detailed on giving the institutions some greater independence from the government.

The government reduced its control on the institution but it then led to the reduction on the number of employees in the institutions. The government also adopted the structure that was proposed by Kirby’s committee; especially on devolution of the responsibilities of the government administration like the territorial governments (Baranek, Deber

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Transforming the Economy to Address Climate Change and Global Resource Competition Proposal college admission essay help

America’s challenge is the reduction of greenhouse emissions without increasing spending. The recommendation by the National Academy of Science is to focus national policies towards increasing energy efficiency and conservation efforts to eventually meet an effective social cost (Parker, Blodgett and Yacobucci 2).

America is trying to develop economic and environmental policies to reduce carbon emission through economic packages like green house incentives to trade exposed industries.

These industries are of concern for they represent over 80% of the country’s energy consumption. Additionally, these companies have unlimited access to global resources like raw materials, talent and capital. There is therefore, need to reshape the manner in which industries race for resources as it affects global business trends.

This shift in change will require the pulling of political and financial resources to change business trends that have been linked directly to resource depletion. The problem facing this change strategy is the refusal of western companies to increase energy costs to renewable and nuclear sources. The growing financial disparity is the world has created tension between economic and political systems that shape policy changes.

The test to such policies on climate change and global resource competition is the integration of set goals with American economic strategies and traditional energy policies. Primarily the country is driven by an economic principle founded on industrialization which is the main source of greenhouse gases and high energy consumption (Jeanne and Parker 5).

These pose a challenge to America as it finds alternative energy sources, energy saving measures, cost efficient production methods and reduction of greenhouse gases. The other challenge America is facing is the creation of effective industrial practices that will set a good example to emerging markets like China and India. Current industrial practices have created a competitive environment where nations are racing to secure energy sources.

To achieve a cost effective climate change plan that will still make American economy competitive it proposed that community mobilization is utilized. Community mobilization entails the change of American thought, practices and behaviors that will lead to cost efficient approaches (Parker, Blodgett and Yacobucci 3). An organization that is striving to achieve this goal is 350.org founded by Bill McKibben.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The organization is an online based center that builds grassroot movements to solve America’s climate problems. This organization provides a cost effective approach to dealing with climate change and global resource issues through a bottoms up method (Peterson 1). The organization makes use of readily available communication methods like the internet and social mediums to reach a vast number of people.

This is cost effective compared to other communication modes since it taps into a wide network comprising of over 10 million users a day. To change the country’s energy consumption practices, the company focuses on transforming the thought patterns of the youth that make up a majority of online users and who are tomorrow’s leaders.

Through community mobilization and public action, 350.org aims at reducing emission of greenhouse gases to 350 parts from 392ppm (350.org 1). Community mobilization entails education and imparting of information to increase awareness of the effects and causes of poor climate. As 350.org shows, this education is effective for it trains and organizes the public on best approaches to be used for climate action.

Through rallies, seminars and a website the organization teaches on the science behind the 350 principle. The organization also mobilizes the public to gain local and federal recognition of current issues affecting climate change.

Current campaign efforts are addressing issues like the stopping of tar sands and a drive against the chamber of congress’ push to have the Supreme Court prevent regulation of carbon emissions (350.org 1). This proves the need for local support for climate change since government and policy makers are not committed to follow the Kyoto protocol or environmental policies (WNA 1).

Community mobilization is a cost effective climate change policy approach since it directly addresses the larger public. This approach easily educates the public on simple measures that can be taken to reduce emission of carbon and domestic energy saving techniques like the use of solar power.

People are also informed on ways they can sustainably manage waste like reusing recyclable materials. Public action should drive the need for policies that encourage industries to use diversified energy mixes, use efficient technology and locally available energy sources to reduce production cost and attain climate change.

We will write a custom Proposal on Transforming the Economy to Address Climate Change and Global Resource Competition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The country needs to realize that greater energy efficiency combined with the use of new technologies will reduce greenhouse gases and solve the challenge of competition for global resource. Energy efficiency methods include using energy saving bulbs and reduce domestic energy consumption through solar and wind sources.

Individuals can be encouraged to reduce dependence of fossil fuels through taking walks and riding bicycles for short distances, and using bio-fuel engines for their vehicles. Domestic waste can be reduced through the reuse and recycling of solid waste like glass and plastic bottles. Hence Americans can effect changes needed at the grass-root level.

Works Cited Jeanne, Grimmett and Parker Larry. “Climate Change: EU and Proposed U.S. Approaches to Carbon Leakage and WTO Implications.” Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, CRS Report R40914, 2010.

Parker, Larry, Blodgett John and Yacobucci Brentt. “U.S. Global Climate Change Policy: Evolving views on cost, Competitiveness, and Comprehensiveness.” Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, RL30024,1-15, 2011.

Peterson, Perspectives. “Climate Change: International Competition and US policy Responses.” Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2008.

U.S. Department of State. “U.S. Climate Action Report 2006.” Washington, DC: Report by U.S department of State, 2007, 381.

WNA. “Policy Responses to Climate Change.” World Nuclear Association, 2011. 350.org. “350 science.” 350.org. April, 2011. https://350.org/science/ 26 Oct 2011.

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Major Types of Relations in Organizations Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

The concept of employee relation is both a philosophy and practice that has been embraced for long. It is a philosophy in the sense that it motivates employees to perform better in organizations. As a practice, it has been used by organizational managers to initiate processes that tend to boost productivity (Armstrong, 2008, p.195).

The practice and philosophy of employee relation is best put under the philosophy of Human Resource Management. Hence, the model in Human Resource Management that constitutes the concept of employee relations include self drive for strong commitment that focuses on winning the hearts and minds of employees (Armstrong, 2008, p. 195).

As a matter of fact, employee relations explore the nature of relationships that exist in organizations. There are three major types of relations in organizations that are closely related to employees. These are employer-employee relations, employee-employee relations and employee-work place/organizational relations.

Components of Employee Relations There are myriad of essential components that constitute employee relations. These include performance management that is aligned with the goals and objectives of an organization, significances attached to employees in organizations, tactics of administering the performance of employees, the link between performance of employees and rewards in addition to job design.

Finally, discipline of employees and employee counseling are also vital components in employee relation. According to Gennard and Judge (2005, p. 14), anything that pertains employee relations must consider management aspect of solving problems that are identified among employees.

This management must be designed in a way that it captures the tacit knowledge of the employees and how this can be transited to the organizational performance. However, the overall interests of the organization, which to some extent are the interests of the employer, must be looked into (Gennard

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What is “Two-step Flow”? What Implications Does It Have for Our Understanding of Mass Communication? Essay college essay help

Introduction The two-step flow theory of communication revolves around a study that was conducted on the social influence of the media. It should be known that it was introduced in 1994 by Paul Lazarsfeld (Berger 1995, p. 14). In this case, it tries to explain that the effects of the mass media are indirectly portrayed through the impact of different opinion leaders.

This is done through their influence that cannot be underestimated because they are looked upon by the public (Casmir 1994, p. 34). As much as different people might get information through the media, it should be known they might trust what opinion leaders say. This means that most people are entirely influenced by the media second hand as time goes by.

As a matter of fact, this influence is attributable to these people who are respectable in the society. Opinion leaders influence the media and that is why they are looked upon. We can describe opinion leaders as people who are privy of information or content that will be relayed by the media.

Later on, they are able to interpret this content based on the own opinions. As time goes by, they will be able to give out this information to the public through infiltration thereby influencing them.

In the long run, the public that has been infiltrated by different opinions becomes opinion followers. The influence that these opinion leaders might have comes from the elite media that is not accessible to the general public (Hoynes 1007, p. 19). Therefore, the elite media creates some social influence that can later on be adjusted by different opinions and ideals.

There might be opposing ideals and opinions but proper combination leads to a popular mass media that can appeal to everyone. All this aspects can be described as social persuasion because there are different people who might form a decision and opinion based on this (DeFleur 1989, p. 26).

In conclusion, it can be said that information gets to the masses through influential figures and leaders. This can explain why some media campaigns and initiatives do not achieve their goals and objectives because leaders might diffuse the content in a manner that was not desired.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Discussion Overview

The two steps flow has had different implications on our general understanding of mass communication in various ways. This means that such implications can be understood from different perspectives. As far as the two-step flow of communication is concerned, it stressed the human agency that therefore brings a different understanding on what we knew initially (Tankard 1979, p. 43).

We have been forced to look upon the human agency because of the role that it plays in trying to ensure that information reaches to the masses. In fact, it has tried to give us a better understanding that information flows from the mass media to opinion leaders who later on relay it to us.

For example, there are other people who have always relied on what their leader says based on the trust and respect that they might be having for him (DeFleur 1983, p. 29). This has therefore made us to understand why there might be different versions of information as a result of various interpretations which is guided by what a given opinion leader believes in.

Implications

We should understand that the two-step flow of communication has made us to understand the influence that the mass media has had on decision making. In this case, it has improved our understanding because it is quite obvious that decisions are made from information that we get (Underwood 1994, p. 78).

As much as this information might be from opinion leaders, it plays a big role in the final and ultimate decision that we might settle on. There are various theories behind decision making in our society and this is what two-step flow theory has tried to make us understand as time goes by.

All in all, this has tried to explain why certain decisions are made in different occasions and circumstances (Baran 2011, p. 58). There is a certain process that is followed as far as decision making is concerned and this is what the theory has tried to elaborate.

It should be known that there has been an implication of our understanding of mass communication as a result of this theory based on the fact that it has redefined our predictions on the influence of the media on different behaviors. This can be explained with practical examples where we might find different people changing their behavior to be in tandem with what they have been seeing from the media (Staubhaar 2009, p. 56).

We will write a custom Essay on What is “Two-step Flow”? What Implications Does It Have for Our Understanding of Mass Communication? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, some culture and form of dressing has been borrowed and copied as a result of the media. This has therefore changed our understanding of mass media because some media messages can ultimately change our behavior. In this case, it is mostly the audience that has been targeted by the media through opinion leaders who can access elite media before the masses.

As a matter of fact, the two-step flow of communication has enabled us to understand why some media initiatives and campaigns have not been able to alter the behavior of different audiences (Mehrabian 1971, p. 61).

This aspect implies that we should always understand when some media campaigns and initiatives fail to change different behaviors because the message might not be relayed or received as it was intended. In most occasions, this is because opinion leaders are the ones who transmit and give the masses information based on their own opinions and ideas (Bruce 2008, p. 36).

It should therefore be understood that some opinion leaders might want information to conform to their beliefs and opinions which might not achieve its initial and intended purpose. This is based on the diffusion of innovation theory that has come about as a result of this aspect of information flowing from the elite media to opinion leaders who access it to the mainstream media that is relied on by the masses.

In a broad perspective, this implies that opinions that different people might be holding will always differ in a broad way because opinion leaders cannot read from the same script in any way (Berlo 1960, p. 56).

Another implication should revolve around misunderstandings that will be witnessed amongst different individuals who happen to be the masses as a result of their affiliation to a given opinion leader. This implies that contrary to our expectations and understanding, there is bound to be misrepresentation of ideas and information by the masses who are supposed to be reached by the mainstream media (Schramm 1987, p. 38).

Our understanding of mass media has been built on the hypodermic needle theory that revolves around a stimulus response. In this case, people believe that once information has been given out by the media, all the masses are supposed to get it once and relay it to others (Weaver 1975, p. 59).

This is different from the two-step flow of communication that emphasizes that information, ideas and opinions are given out by opinion leaders. Such an issue therefore implies that as far as our understanding on information is concerned, we should seek to evaluate what we get before forming an opinion or decision on different aspects.

Not sure if you can write a paper on What is “Two-step Flow”? What Implications Does It Have for Our Understanding of Mass Communication? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Filtering of messages has had a very big implication on our general understanding of mass communication. This has had a different impact from our knowledge on the functions of mass communication. A perfect example that can be used in this case is political leaders. Political leaders have different ideals and beliefs that they stand for meaning that they are never ready to lose out on anything (Barnlund 2008, p. 92).

In the process, they end up filtering the messages that they will give to the masses because of their ability to access the elite media that is later on received by mainstream media. Most of these aspects happen during political campaigns so that politicians can be able to influence voting preferences (Berko 2010, p. 55).

All in all, these developments have made it difficult for people to understand the workings of the mass media as time goes by. This is because there is a big difference between theoretical issues and the way they are practiced as far as the two-step flow of information is concerned.

The implication of how the mass media mediates between our social relationships has also been an issue because this can ultimately be confusing. In this case, the understanding that people had about social relationships in relation to the messages that they receive has had to be re-evaluated because this is not the way things ought to be (Chandler 1998, p. 71).

Social relationships cannot be said to be uniform and well guarded yet there is screening of messages by different opinion leaders before it is released to the masses with different intentions. Such an issue has helped to reinforce the belief that the media is owned by certain individuals who can do whatever they like without any problem.

This gives mixed reactions in different perspectives because it should occur that there are people who will not rely on what they are being relayed for because opinion leaders have screened he messages (Heyman 1994, p. 83).

Conclusion The impact of personal influence on mass communication has now been understood as a result of this theory. This therefore implies that people will always try to understand messages because it is generated by a network of interconnected individuals (Potter 2008, p. 44). On either side of opinion leaders, there is always a network of connected individuals who share in specific ideals that they would wish to put forward.

This can therefore seek to explain why we have different views based on the information and messages that we have received as a result of mass communication. A wide variety of effects can be seen in our society based on what the two-step theory is trying to explain.

Interpersonal communication at community levels has been reevaluated in different ways through mass communication that is influenced by opinion leaders which is set to continue as people advance their interests in the society (Burke 2010, p. 93).

Our media has occasionally been relied on for messages and information for a long time but this varies in different societies based on what leaders want. This is a fact that we are supposed to live with because it is a reality. Notwithstanding, we should know that the messages that we receive might be intended for various purposes which calls for vigilance and proper interpretation.

Reference list Baran, S., 2011. Theories of Mass Communication: Introduction to Mass Communication. New York: McGraw Hill.

Berger, A., 1995. Essentials of Mass Communication Theory. London: SAGE Publications.

Barnlund, D., 2008. A transactional model of communication: Communication theory. New Jersey: Transaction.

Berlo, D., 1960. The process of communication. New York: Holt, Rinehart,

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Adventurous Based Counseling Research Paper essay help free

Introduction This assignment is a discussion on the topic of adventure based counseling and its effectiveness in counseling adolescents with problems of self-esteem. The discussion starts with a general overview of counseling then goes on to look at the adventure based counseling and its effectiveness in counseling adolescents with problems of self-esteem.

In the discussion, it is argued that the method of adventure based counseling, which takes place in a group context is very effective in helping clients (adolescents) to increase the levels of awareness of themselves thus becoming more responsible and fully in charge of their lives through the integration of their experiences with those of the other group members.

Discussion General Overview of Counseling

According to Carl Rogers, counseling is a series of direct contact between clients and counselors with an aim of assisting the clients to change their attitudes and behaviors which cause distress to them as well as helping them gain an understanding of themselves so as to take the appropriate positive steps in light of a new orientation.

According to Carl Rogers therefore, effective counseling should occur in an environment where the counselor and the client are able to interact without any barriers (Rogers, 1951).

Counseling is considered by psychologists as a helping profession. Just like other professions, counseling is guided by professional ethics and codes of conduct (Freeman, 2000). These are established to guard the public from unethical practices by quarks, who may pose as counselors. Counselors therefore undergo through intensive training where they acquire skills, techniques and competencies to use in their practice (Egan, 2007).

The techniques and skills which counselors acquire are unique and are aimed at helping different clients, who have different problems. Some of the techniques which they use in counseling include attending, effective listening and responding. The skills they use include reflecting, questioning, confronting, informing, teaching and interpreting among others (Burnard, 2005).

The goals of counseling include enhancement of self-understanding, communication, learning and behavior change, self-actualization and support by the counselor and or family members to the client (Geldard,

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Gender parity in higher education Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

The Rights and Choices for Women in Education

Gender Parity in Leadership

Gender Parity in Employment

Reference List

Introduction This paper reflects on the issue of gender parity in higher education. The paper outlines three major hindrances to achieving gender equity in access to higher education. The three factors mentioned in the paper include; the rights and choices for women education, gender parity in leadership and employment in senior positions. The paper looks at the three factors based on the four motivational frameworks; inclusion, attitude, meaning and competence.

The Rights and Choices for Women in Education The curriculum content as well as the teaching and evaluation methods should not appear to be gender biased. Curriculum designers need to bear in mind the issue of gender inclusivity by examining the language used in the curriculum, as well as the proposed teaching aids and methods Cooke (2011). The implementation part should also embrace gender inclusion. Female students can for example feel excluded reading a text that constantly refers to the “he” pronoun without mentioning “she”.

Attitude plays an important role too in achieving gender equity in higher education. Certain curricular choices for example are dominantly a male’s preserve since the old days by attitude. This attitude has been passed on from old generations to the current generations and continues to affect enrollment of female students in engineering courses Collard and Reynolds (2005).

Curriculum designers and implementers need to break away from this norm by encouraging equal gender enrollment in the various career choices. The curriculum should also be focused on developing the learners’ competency in handling real life situations.

Its content should be practical and applicable in everyday life situation of the learner. It is easier for one to comprehend what they can apply directly in their daily life than theoretical facts. The curriculum should provide learners an opportunity to actively participate in the learning process through questions, assignments, practical sessions and excursions.

Gender Parity in Leadership There is a widespread gender parity leadership in various institutions, including the education sector. Women are largely disadvantaged in the process of ascending to competitive leadership positions Cooke (2011). This is mainly because of poor democratic institutions and the nature of campaigns that mostly favor male candidates. There is need to strengthen democratic institutions and emphasize more on affirmative action to enable more female candidates ascend to leadership positions.

Curriculum should put more emphasis on practical leadership skills in order to empower and enhance learners’ leadership skills Collard and Reynolds (2005). Curriculum designers and implementers should base the curriculum content on well researched facts that include current and emerging life issues.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In order to enhance competency in leadership, the curriculum needs to be designed in a manner that it will provide several opportunities to the learner to practice leadership. This can be implemented through group work and presentations. Women should be encouraged to fight for leadership positions in the democratic space and embrace positive attitude towards it Tembon and Fort (2009).

Gender Parity in Employment Gender parity in employment is a question that continues to raise eyebrows both in developed and developing nations. Low female enrollment in schools and failure to successfully complete the education program is the bottom line of the problem Tembon and Fort (2009). There is, as a result few females employed in senior leadership positions both in government and private sector. There is need to develop employment laws that emphasize gender inclusion, or even create quotas to have more women employed in senior positions.

Certain jobs have for long been dominated by men, they include presidency, and parliamentary positions. It is against the norms for a woman to declare her presidential candidature in some countries even in this era of great civilization and enlighten. Such societies should be enlightened and made to understand that women are as competent as men to hold these positions.

Reference List Cooke, P. L. (2011). Gender – Class Equality in Political Economies. New York: Routledge.

Collard, J. and Reynolds, C. (2005). Leadership, Gender and Culture in Education: Male

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Economic Environment: Privatisation Essay cheap essay help

This is the process of selling public assets to private business owners under the set rules and regulations. Privatisation of state enterprises has drawbacks and merits to the business workers, entrepreneurs, the state and the consumers in the market. During the process of privatisation, there are regulations that govern the act.

Advantages of privatising state enterprises Lower prices and greater supply

Private sectors have enough incentives to help them reduce the cost of production compared to the public sectors. The reason to engage in business in order to realise better profit margins as in the case of private sectors forces them to reduce the production costs, which results to lower prices in the market. This has therefore made consumers access a variety of products at low prices (Kodrzycki 1994).

Source of revenue to the government

Through privatisation, the government receives funds for developing public projects such as the construction of roads and hospitals. The government is therefore able to obtain enough capital by selling the property rather than operating the business, which could not be making profit (Kodrzycki 1994).

Competition

In private sectors, there is competition, which leads to production of high quality goods and services. Private sectors are able to employ many people at the same cost compared to public organizations and this improves the work done and reduces the production cost. Competition has also enabled consumers to access a variety of products in the market since each company would want to attract customers, which is not the case in monopoly markets (Kodrzycki 1994).

Due to privatisation, the government is free from the risks of management since it hands it over to the private company. The company therefore takes the responsibility of handling customers’ complaints concerning the products and services.

Disadvantages Employment

Due to privatisation, many employees lose their jobs or end up being paid lowly. This is because private sectors will always want to cut down the production cost to make profit and this affects the employees. At times, the government may hand over the organization to the company without clear performance specifications of the employees as well as methods of evaluating them and this may affect the employees (Kodrzycki 1994).

Loss of public revenue

Due to privatisation, a state can easily lose its revenue by selling their properties at a loss. Before selling the property, the states should carry out enough research to determine the future trend of the property in question in the market (Kodrzycki 1994).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Privatisation has led to inadequate provision of products and services to the public. This happens when the private company realises that it makes no profit out of the business and this leads to the closing down of the entire business or part of the business, which is not generating good profit margins. At times the quality of products, which was expected to increase, remains the same and prices shoot up if there is no competition in the market since the company aims at making profits and not serving the public (Kodrzycki 1994).

Before liberalisation, the public services regulated all the process in the production of products as well as the delivery of services but after privatisation, the form of regulation shifted from controlling the whole issue into controlling the chain of supply. After privatisation, the governmental authorities regulate the operation of the company through issuing of licences to private companies and signing of contracts to ensure that the company is managed fairly to serve the public.

Corporate governance

Due to privatisation, states have formed corporate governance, which informs organisations about the ethics of running their businesses and how to work with their stakeholders as well as the government in achieving their goals. Corporate governance has therefore become an issue of concern due to the following reasons.

The worldwide privatisation wave

Privatisation has become common in most states such as Europe, U.K, and Asia and in many other states across the world. Privatisation programmes have therefore contributed to the growth of the economy in the various states and this has raised awareness on how the privatised companies should be owned and managed. Privatisation came as result of creating democracy in the field of business by sharing the shares.

The government therefore holds bigger shares in the companies to be able to control the practices of the company for the public to benefit. Through such practices, the interests of the small shareholders are protected and the role of stock market is realised (Minow

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United State’s War on Terror Policy Paper Proposal college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Table of Contents Executive Summary

Introduction

Background of the current situation (current policy)

Option 1: current policy of War on Terror

The second option

The third Option

Which policy option do you recommend?

References

Executive Summary Combating terrorism is an operation that demands strategic attention and direct accountability in order to enhance national and global security. It is notable that terrorism has become a global issue that has been perceived as a threat to international security and relations. In this case, the United States as a world super power has risen to wage war on terror groups in order to enhance both national and global security.

Currently, the US administration has adopted a policy of military installations all over the world in order to foster its national security as well as safeguard is territorial integrity. Nevertheless, this policy has proved to very costly and to some extent; measures taken have increased the vulnerability of acts of terror than ever before. In order to bring about positive change in the management of international peace and security, it is recommended that better polices should be applied by its Administrators to fight terrorism.

These policies include use of military forces, detaining as well as prosecution of terror suspects. Needless to say, the three polices have vivid pros and cons as they will be addressed in this policy report. However, it is crucial to mention that each of the policies identified is successful in its own way.

In line with this, one of the merits that is common in the policies that have been adopted so far is the centralized legal authority that has endeavored to make the new rules and regulations more effective. Nevertheless, it is imperative to note that war on terror needs a multidisciplinary approach in order to be successful.

In this case, the policies must be applied concomitantly, a factor that will largely assist in covering up the impending weaknesses. Besides this, all the above three polices of arresting and prosecuting terror suspects have been highly recommended. This is due to the fact that the policies have been proven to be very effective in destabilizing, disrupting and demoralizing terror groups that are both emerging and also existed for long.

Introduction It is imperative to note that the topic on war against terror is important since it enhances global understanding, appreciation as well as insurgency against such acts (Romaniuk 2012, p. 151). For instance, the United States of America is one of the global powers that has a been major commentator of strategies and policies meant to suppress terrorism and all acts or intentions related to the vice.

It is apparent that the US is the only world super power whose foreign policy needs to be changed in order to make its military power less vulnerable to terrorism. As a matter of fact, the US administration has adopted myriads of strategic policies and responsibilities in order to enhance national and global security.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Research has revealed that terror acts have posed threat not just to the US security but also at the global level. Needless to say, Murray (2011, p. 84) asserts that the previous administration under President George Bush was largely counterproductive in fighting terror acts both nationally and globally. Some political analysts argue that the use of open force ideology the Republican government under President George Bush was not fruitful at all in yielding the much expected results in the fight against acts of terror.

Nevertheless, it is worth to note that terrorism is very dynamic and there is need to take a leap of imagination in order to come up with policies that will help to end terrorism (Murray 2011, p. 84). It is against this backdrop that this policy paper intends to address current and viable polices that can be employed by the US government in the war on terror.

Background of the current situation (current policy) From a careful review of literature, it is imperative to note that the contemporary policies used to fight terror have been perceived as counterproductive (Swain 2012, p 237). In this case, instead of suppressing terror acts, these policies tend to aggregate the situation at hand.

Therefore, it is essential to note that there are three essential polices that can be used by the US government in the war against terrorism. In a nutshell, disaggregation approach is a crucial framework that can be used as a legal strategy in US to fight terrorism. In any case, this is one of the grand strategies that the US authority has employed for some decades now to break ties between local and global players who are associated with terrorism.

Orr (2012, p.93) reiterates that this strategy is meant to separate terror groups and make them turn against each other; a factor that makes it easy to monitor as well as curb their operations. From this strategy, one can derive three important policies that can be used by the US administrators in the war against terror.

To begin with, one of the most effective polices entails the approach whereby the US government can seek methods of detaining terror suspects once they have pleaded guilty (Homolar 2011, p. 705). Moreover, another policy that has been perceived to be effective is the prosecution of terror criminals in state departments.

Additionally, the policy on the use of military force is effective in suppressing various terror groups that are spread across the globe. In order to understand the rationale and effectiveness of these polices in curbing terrorism, it is important to discuss each one of them in details.

We will write a custom Proposal on United State’s War on Terror Policy Paper specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Option 1: current policy of War on Terror Detaining terror suspects in the countries where they are captured is an effective policy since it will help in dispersing and curtailing any form of cooperation by various terror groups. Notably, geographical distance makes it quite cumbersome for terror gangs to spearhead local insurgency (Romaniuk 2012, p. 152).

Needless to say, there should be strict domestic and global rules that can be followed to ensure that this policy does not result into political unrest at some point. For instance, certain countries may counteract on realizing that their citizens who have been held as suspects have been detained in foreign countries. In this case, this will ensure that the attitude of the public and perception is not affected by the policy.

Nevertheless, this policy has some shortcomings since it becomes quite difficult to detain suspects in countries that are unstable such as Afghanistan, Somalia and Yemen (Morris

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The Best Ideas Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Introduction It is evident that the greatest ideas usually come up when one takes keen look at the most common things. Some of the most recognizable and valuable discoveries that are in use today were as a result of an extra attention to a specific common phenomenon that could be used to produce something great.

In most cases, those things that are considered commonplace occur at a daily basis but no one is keen enough to inquire about the phenomenon behind it. It only takes the passionate interest of an individual or group of individuals to make a discovery out of a commonplace thing.

These discoveries basically came about as a result of curiosity. They asked themselves questions and tried to find answers. Did they ask themselves questions such as ‘what if?’ or ‘I wonder why?’ and ‘how come?’ Some examples include the discovery of the concept of gravity by Newton and the invention of the aeroplane and telephone.

Big ideas that arose from commonplace ideas One of the most commonly known stories behind great discoveries is the story of how Newton discovered the concept of gravity. It is said that Newton was sitting under an apple tree when an apple fell down. This was the beginning of the discovery of the concept behind gravitational pull.

The simple idea of a falling apple seems very commonplace and typical. Where else would things go if they were left hanging in the air? Where else would objects that are thrown up go to? The obvious answer is down. There is no debate about this because even the most stupid person is wired to understand that nothing that goes up remains in an upward motion.

However, the difference is, no one was curious and daring enough to wonder why things do not fall upwards instead. No one dares to explain the downward force that pulls one down as one tries to jump. Clearly, it just seems that everything wants to stay on the ground but I just do not know why.

This would have been a typical brain at work but not Newton’s. This is how Newton got the idea that there was something that makes things fall and this thing was a kind of pulling force that tended to pull things into the middle of the earth. This is how the theory of gravitation was born. Thanks to the courage of one gentleman who thought out of the box. Newton’s passionate interest in the commonplace thing led to the discovery of the theory of gravitation, which is universal.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The discovery of the theory of gravitation has had various applications such as its use in the theoretical and mathematical basis for Keplar’s observations of the movement of the planets. That simple idea made Newton to come up with the three laws of Newton, which are in use today. This idea also explained why there are low and high ocean tides (gravitational pull from the moon).

Another great discovery that was born out of a person’s interest in commonplace things is the invention of the first powered and controlled aeroplane. This invention was made by the Wright brothers. However, the idea behind the invention did not come from out-of-the-world things.

Actually, it came about after playing about with a kite. The kite was discovered in China after the Chinese got the idea that they could make an object fly in the air like a bird. This was a simple discovery by it paved the way for greater discoveries in the future that included the invention of the hot air balloons, gliders and the aeroplane. After that discovery, humans attempted to fly. They imitated the bird. This led people to experiment with built wings made out of wood or feathers.

They were attached carefully to their arms so that they could act like actual wings. However, the results were always disastrous. The men fell down with a thud since they could simply not keep up with the strenuous activity. Unfortunately, the human’s muscles are not designed for such an activity and the body weight would not allow for that. Therefore, the Wright brothers decided to employ the idea of the simple kite to build on the idea.

They used the kite to try to understand some important concepts of control. One of the most important concepts that came up was ‘wing-warping’. This concept would enable the airplane to make left or right turns. Finally, they came up with the first ‘flying machine’. This discovery was facilitated by ideas from a simple kite.

However, this discovery plays an important role in the current society. Air transport is the fastest mode of transportation and it is courtesy of the Wright brothers. This has enabled exports and imports of commodities to be done in the fastest way and the aeroplane has enabled man to explore areas of the earth that were previously inaccessible due to poor terrain or other constraints.

Another great discovery that was inspired by commonplace things was the discovery of the telephone by Graham Bell. It is believed that life’s lessons inspired Bell to make his discovery and this was mainly due to his mother’s hearing problem (deafness). When his mother started to lose her hearing ability, he became affected and he learned a manual finger language.

We will write a custom Essay on The Best Ideas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This enabled him to translate the conversations into taps on the mother’s side. Later on, he developed a method of speaking clearly into the mother’s forehead and this facilitated communication. Graham was so preoccupied with his mother’s deafness that he decided to study acoustics. With these ideas in mind and with the expert knowledge he acquired in school, Bell discovered the telephone, which made communication easier. This discovery has helped shape today’s world.

Conclusion It can be said with certainty that the best ideas are born from the extra attention given to the common things around us. Many of the world’s greatest discoveries were made by people who were passionate about the common things. These include the discovery of the theory of gravitation, the aeroplane and the telephone.

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The Merger of Comcast and NBCU Essay a level english language essay help

Background Information Comcast and NBCU

Comcast Corporation is a leading company in the entertainment, information and communication industry. The company is located at One Comcast Center in Philadelphia. Since 1963, its major business has been management and operations of cable systems.

This covers cable connections namely provision of video, voice and internet services to domestic customers and business establishments in Columbia and 39 countries (Bake 2). Other services are Cable complex, broadcast television, Screen entertainment, funfairs as well as Comcast Spectator.

Ideally, Comcast Spectator subsidiary companies are Ovations Food Services, a food service establishment for sports and concerts. Philadelphia Flyers, Wells Fargo Centre a versatile arena in Philadelphia, and Global Spectrum that deals in facilities administration.

Some of Comcast’s achievements in 2011 include; a rise in merged earnings to $55.8 billion, consolidated working returns of 34.3% rose to $10.7 billion. A closure of NBCU Universal deal saw Comcast Corporations reap revenue of $14.5 billion and operating income of $1.4 billion. Its clientele vary from cable subscribers, internet clients to digital voice clients.

Conversely, NBC Universal, a global leading media and leisure company is involved in the growth, creation and promotion of entertainment, reports and information universally. NBC Universal is the holder and controller of various television networks, a company involved in motion picture.

It is also involved in television productions and controls media stations along with a universally known theme park. It was initiated in May 2004 after General Electric merged with Vivendi Universal Entertainment. NBC Universal is based in Rockefeller Plaza in New York. Its predecessor is Music Corporation of America. NBCU’S hosts such shows as The Tonight Show, Saturday Night Live and Sunday Night Football (Saari 7).

Merger

In January 2011, Comcast merged with NBC Universal and attained 51 percent of General Electric’s NBC Universal. Upon merger, the two formed NBC Universal LLC dealing in such assets as wire channels, theme parks and a movie studio. The transaction was not really a merger but an acquisition as General Electric would remain a minority in the shareholding.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This means that Comcast controlled the venture and would buy General Electric’s interests in the next eight years. Upon merger, the new body will have a board of five members, three from Comcast and two from General Electricals. The merger set out to start a new airing method known as TV Everywhere. This means that the customers would gain access to the media via internet by substantiating their traditional cable subscription (Bake 2).

Benefits of the merger

Since it was a vertical merger, it would harm competition either by exclusionary or collusion. Exclusionary would involve the foreclosure of an unallied downstream rival from accessing the joint venture’s upstream product and foreclosure of an unallied upstream rival from accessing the joint venture’s upstream product. Here the term foreclosure referring to strategies to raise prices and total exclusion.

Comcast would harm its rivals by blocking its rivals from accessing its video programming, withholding the access temporarily and increasing programming price in order to raise the competitors’ costs. The merger claimed to enhance innovation prospects by reducing the cost of synchronizing content development with the development of new media distribution forms.

From any market merger and acquisition that is viable, like that formed between Comcast and NBCU, it is perceived that it lowers the operations outlays or save costs emerging from the exclusion of double relegation of cost of programming. Increase in economies of scale also led to a reduction in costs.

The type of merger formed between Comcast and NBCU

Based on the market definition, it is apparent that the NBC Universal and Comcast merger combined the transactions of these two business entities. In the merger, the programming assets of Comcast namely its cable network interests such as versus, the Golf Channel and the regional sport networks were combined with those that NBCU held. The NBCU market assets included cable networks like the USA Network, Bravo, CNBC and MSNBC besides the universal film library studios and the NBC broadcast network.

The joint business venture that was formed between these two entities was under the control of Comcast (Bake 2). Thus, it made the merger transaction between NBCU and Comcast to be termed as vertical integration. This is because the major content provider was NBCU whereas the operation of Comcast happened mainly downstream in that content distribution.

Within the United States geographical milieu, Comcast is perceived as a global leader in the MVPD that is Multichannel Video Programming Distributor.

We will write a custom Essay on The Merger of Comcast and NBCU specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In fact, nationwide, nearly a quarter of the total MVPD subscribers in addition to over forty percent of the subscribers originating from seven out of the ten biggest metropolitan regions are Comcast clients. Comcast is equally the leading provider of broadband internet access in the United States areas (Bake 4). This clearly justifies why the transaction between NBCU and Comcast is considered as vertical merger.

Merger motives as stated by companies

Companies usually merge to gain several benefits. Amongst them are to gain access to a wider base of clients, reduce market competitions, increase their market shares, diversify their services and products , reduce overhead costs as well as to accelerate long-term business plans. These ideally included the motives that were stated by NBCU and Comcast.

Critical analysis of the stated merger motives

Often, firms would merge to craft a more efficient corporation and reduce the business operation costs. However, the merger between Comcast and NBCU does not necessarily reveal real cost synergies allied to this kind of joint venture. For instance, Comcast quoted that 99.9% employees who work for NBCU undertake business which hardly overlap with the businesses that Comcast pursue.

This implies that, since NBCU controlled a larger segment of the video content distribution, Comcast saw that it could derive some value from merging with NBCU (Saari 12). Conversely, NBCU was motivated by the fact that the largest broadband network and the largest paid television network in the US are owned by Comcast. This merger may enable these corporations to gain a wider video content distribution market share in the United States.

In reality, Comcast is the US king of internet business and TV business contents. The company also controls most its privately owned contents like few cable TV channels and local sports channels. Hence, the motive that solely drives Comcast to merge with NBCU is to control a lot more of the video contents and other cable channels distributions. In turn, the Comcast will be able to increase its profits and add on to its on-demand contents.

Merger Motives

From the market valuations of firms, it is true that based on merger motive number one, firms with low market values are actually undervalued. The answer is yes because the market value of any firm at a given period basically reflects on its market worth as depicted by the amount of assets such a firm possesses. If the balance sheet assets are valued low, then the firm is undervalued and vice versa.

On the other hand, it emanates that from the stipulated merger motives, the company management usually derive some mutual benefits from the merger.

In fact, company’s management usually sees that mergers generate several benefits. Amongst them are to gain access to a wider base of clients, reduce market competitions, increase the company’s market shares, diversify their services and products , reduce overhead costs as well as to accelerate long-term business plans. These included the motives that were stated by the management of NBCU and Comcast.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Merger of Comcast and NBCU by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Market impact

Despite the derived benefits, the merger was anticipated to generate some negative market impacts. Basically, a merger between NBCU and Comcast received numerous antagonisms related to exclusionary and collusive. First, it was alleged that in case two rival firms such as NBCU and Comcast merge to collectively act be it through express or tacit collusion, chances are that they might raise products prices by reducing outputs.

Secondly, the merger between these two business entities may harm the level of market competitions on the non-priced dimensions such innovation and quality. The vertical merger may encourage the exclusionary conduct which may harm rivalry via the creation of coerced or involuntary monopoly or cartel (Bake 5).

Given that vertical mergers can facilitate collusion or exclusion that in turn harms competition, chances are that unaffiliated upstream rivals could face foreclosure from the access to the incorporated downstream firms businesses.

Through this merger, the market rivals to Comcast video distribution are bound to be foreclosed from accessing the joint venture video programming. It is also apparent that the level of video programming competitions would be harmed since the rival programming networks would be denied access to the customers affiliated to Comcast video distribution.

Works Cited Bake, Jonathan 2011, Comcast/NBCU: The FCC Provides a Roadmap for Vertical Merger Analysis. PDF file. 30 May 2012. .

Saari, Riikka, 2007, Management Motives for Companies Mergers and Acquisitions: A Research Proposal to be presented at Accounting Tutorial Turku School of Economics. PDF file. 30 May 2012. Web.

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One Week Macro-Economic Analysis of China Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Most important goods and services produced in China

The GDP per capita in china

Population of China

China Government

Conclusion

Work Cited

Introduction China is bordered by i4 countries among them include; Mongolia, North Korea, Vietnam and India. The country has a prosperous economy, and that has been diversity in the economy of the country. The research assignment below provides a one-week micro-economic analysis of China. The report focuses on the most important goods and services produced in China, GDP per capita, population size, and the type of government applied in China.

Most important goods and services produced in China Based on one-week research, I found that, China produces almost everything one can think. More importantly, China is one of the top largest producers of tea in the world. Both white and green tee is produced in large amount, while black tea is produced in small amount. Other goods and services that are exported by China include: Wheat, rice, silk, salt, and Agricultural Apparel Automobiles among others.

China is also among the world’s largest producers of natural resources such as hydro power, coal, iron, petroleum, natural gas, aluminium, zinc, vanadium and other rare earth elements (Holober, pp.66-69). The country provides services on motorcycle business services, software, construction, chemical computer hardware services, real estate services, consumer electronic, and electrical equipment services among other many services.

The GDP per capita in china The GDP per capital in China has been increasing over the recent times. This has been attributed to the restructuring of its economy, which has involved gradual liberalisation of commodity prices, rapid growth of the banking sector, and creation of independence for state owned enterprises.

The GDP in 2011 slowed down, to almost 9% from 10.5% in 2010 while in 2009, China registered a GDP of 9.2% as compared to the world statistic (Hobler, p. 35). These statistics indicate that, the country had been experiencing fluctuations in GDP because there are major reforms that have been taking place in the Chinese economy.

Population of China The population of China has been increasing since the Second World War. The persistent increase in population can be attributed to the cultural believe that, people should have children to replace the soldiers lost in the war (Holober, p. 59).

This belief has made China to be among the world most populated countries in the world. The Chinese government encourages its people to adopt family planning techniques so as to manage the population increase. China Labour force stand at 706 million people, almost twice that of Europe (Hobler, p. 58).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More China Government China is a communist state with several administrative divisions within the government. The divisions of administration include the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, such as Inner Mongoria and Tibet among others. On 1st October 1949, People’s Republic of China was established following an earlier replacement of Qing Dynasty on 1st January 1912. In China, for a political candidate to be elected, one must be a member of a political party, called Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

The CCP contains other eight small parties that it controls. The government has a constitution that was promulgated on 4th December 1982. In addition, the government has the arms of government which are: Legislature, executive and Judiciary. The country has a red flag with a large yellow five pointed star. The red colour represents revolution and the stars represent four social classes; the Working class, Peasantry, the urban Petty bourgeoisie, and the National bourgeoisie (Holober, p2).

Conclusion The research has critically discussed the macro-economics setting of China. It is evident that China is rich in natural resources. In addition, the country has developed effective government structures to facilitate the production process. However, the population of the country has been growing at an alarming rate. Therefore, there is need for the government to reduce the rate of birth rate.

Work Cited Holober, Frank. Raiders of China coast: Cia Cover Operation during the Korean war.Annapolis.Naval institute Press.1999.Print.

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Difference between Solow and Marx’s Theories in Relation to Technological Process Change Essay (Article) essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Difference

Implications

My View

References

Introduction Research shows that technology and economic changes are related to each other. However, it is not clear on their causes and effects. Nevertheless, the results of such changes are not predicted that easily. A variety of authors have come up with different views relative to the process of technological change and they seem to be in contrast with each other.

Due to these contrasts, the formations of economic theories do not have to be directly linked with technological issues and their “impact” was not such accredited (Bimber 1990). The Karl Marx theory’s mission was to promote change that would improve the society.

Marx talked in depth about the capitalist system, in a “dynamic” view. To come up with a conclusion he studied the development patterns in society through the “materialistic dialectic approach” (Blinder 2008). In the writer’s opinion he believes that capitalism is a stage in history that is full of different “contradictions” that tend to explain the phenomena.

However, in Solow’s view an economic system can be represented by a production function that has the same returns. Nevertheless, Solow cited production and labor as the two production factors and that technology can be seen as a factor that may change the look of the production process. In this paper I look into the views of the two writers to point out the differences between them in relations in the process of technological change.

Difference Solow believed that capital and labor are not the only causes of economic change just like Marx stated. Solow demonstrated that the increase in the economy cannot only be accounted for by changes in capital and labor only and that technology is a driving force in these economic changes.

Marx analyses on the issue of technology relative to economic and social changes seem not to be clear. Marx believes that changes in technology affect the relationship between the “forces” of production that is capital and labor and finally affecting the social structure.

However, Solow accounted in his theory that there is a portion of the economic growth that is often not accounted for, and this can be attributed to the changes in technology. Marx’s theory divides the economy into two stages of the pre-capitalist economy that is not affected by technological changes because there is no capital and labor forces since the initial “appropriation” is not available and capital are free in the economy (Bimber 1990).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, in the second phase technology causes the substitution between the capital and labor factors in the process of production and in the end affecting the economic and social factors. However, the changes in technology here are only functions of the economic and social systems.

Solow refutes the notion of the effect of capital and labor by technology changes suggesting that only technology can explain the economic changes but not capital and labor factors that affect economic growth.

Implications Clearly, the two theories illustrate that to change the growth of output per head one has to change the rate of technological “progress” (Blinder 2008). This implies that factors that affect both economies and distribution are related and that the distribution of income and wealth will be unequal due to technological changes. Some people may have more wealth than others because they might be ahead in terms of technology.

My View I believe that the growth of the economy determined by factors such as capital, labor and technological changes. Clearly, the rate of change of technology is an “exogenous” variable that can be explained by the gap in the economic growth.

References Bimber, B. (1990). Karl Marx and the Three Faces of Technological Determinism. Social Studies of Science 20 (2), 333-351.

Blinder, A. (2008). Solow, Robert (born 1924): In the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Online Journal, 5 (8), 56-87.

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Data Mining Concepts and Methods Research Paper college application essay help

Data mining can be defined as the process through which crucial data patterns can be identified from a large quantity of data. Data mining finds its applications in different industries due to a number of benefits that can be derived from its use. Various methods of data mining include predictive analysis, web mining, and clustering and association discovery (Han, Kamber and Pei, 2011).

Each of these has a number of benefits to a business. In predictive analysis, analytical models are used to deliver solutions. Using this model, a business can uncover hidden data which can be utilized for the purposes of identifying trends and therefore, predicting the future.

This method requires a business to define the problem before data can be explored. There is also development of predictive models that must be tested. Finally, these models are applied in the population identification and in the prediction of behavior. The process followed helps a business to identify its current position in relations to the industry (Simsion and Witt, 2004).

From this, businesses can plan on how best they can improve their positions in relation to other companies in the industry. The trends obtained from analysis of the acquired data can be used for the purpose of planning which might further give a company an edge over its competitors.

In association discovery, the main aim is to discover correlation among different items that make up a shopping basket. The knowledge of these correlations is important in the development of effective marketing strategies. This is possible due to the insight gained on products that customers purchase together.

This method of data analysis can also help retailers in the design layout of their stores. In this layout, the retailer can conveniently place items that customer purchase together in order to make the shopping experience interesting to customers as well as increasing chances of high sales (Kantardzic, 2011). The method can also be used by a business to determine the products they should place on sale in order to promote the sale of items that go together with the first one.

Web mining is the process through which data present in the World Wide Web or data that has a relationship with a given website activity is made available for various business purposes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This data can either be the contents of web pages found in various websites, profiles of website users, and information about the number of visitors in a given website among others. Web mining can be used by a business to personalize its products or services in order to meet specific needs of the customers. This is possible through tracking the movement of a given target customer on various web pages.

The method can also help a business improve on its marketing strategies through effective advertising. This can be achieved when used together with business intelligence. It also helps a business to identify the relevance of information present in its web sites and how it can improve this information with the view of increasing its visibility in the market.

Clustering involves grouping of data into specific classes based on specific characteristics (Han, Kamber and Pei, 2011). The process helps in the discovery of specific groups that the business should focus on. The method also helps a business to provide specific information that can be used to win over a given class of customers.

Data mining follows a sequence that ensures the data mined meets the requirements set down by the person mining it. Different algorithms handle the process of data mining differently based on the content of the data to be mined. Therefore, the reliability of the data obtained depends highly on the method used and the nature of data. Speed of data mining process is important as it has a role to play in the relevance of the data mined.

Therefore, a given algorithm should support speedy mining of data. The accuracy of data is also another factor that can be used to measure reliability of the mined data. For this reason an algorithm should be able to use specifications issued in the process of data mining. The two requirements for reliability are met by most algorithms which make them to be reliable for the purposes of data mining.

Various concerns arise over data mining and include invasion of privacy, ethics and legality. The issue of privacy arises when private information is obtained without the consent of its owners. Application of such information for business purposes can have detrimental effects to the business. Ethical issues arise when information mined is used by a business to take advantage of the owner of such information (Kantardzic, 2011).

There is also the question of legality of data mining without the consent of the person owning such information. To address the issues above, some businesses request permission from people before they can use information on them for various purposes which must be disclosed to the person.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Data Mining Concepts and Methods specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Predictive analysis is used by businesses in market segmentation, analysis of the shopping basket and the planning of demand. Market segmentation enables a business to serve a given market better than if it had to serve a diverse market. In shopping basket analysis, a business can easily identify the products that are needed at specific times. The business can also determine demand and effectively plan how to meet it.

References Han, J., Kamber, M. and Pei, J. (2011). Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques. Amsterdam: Elsevier

Kantardzic, M. (2011). Data Mining: Concepts, Models, Methods, and Algorithms. New York: John Wiley

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The Importance of Leadership in Shaping the Direction an Organization Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The Need for Ethical Leadership

Qualities of Ethical Leaders

Developing Ethical Leadership

Countering bad Leadership with Ethical Leadership

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction The importance of leadership in shaping the direction an organization takes cannot be gainsaid. This is because the leadership of an organization is charged with the responsibility of influencing followers and rallying them together for purposes of performing an action, completing a task, or behaving in a specific manner (Bass

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A visit to Grandpas Dylan Thomas Research Paper essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Discussion

Conclusion

Bibliography

Footnotes

Introduction A “visit to Grandpa’s” is a story by Dylan Thomas, featured in the “Harrap book of modern short stories,” published in 1956. It portrays the artist as a child, and the close relation he develops with the country side of Wales, at an English village, characteristic with the twentieth century literature.

The book also presents the way the artist felt about the experiences he associated to the place. The story is greatly connected to the artist’s life, and the experiences he would develop after growing up. With reference to the artist’s life, a comparison is built, relating their experiences with those of the memory of the reader, about their childhood experiences.

The story offers immense attention on the characters and the atmosphere, towards developing the narration, which are linked to the appearing situations and atmosphere.1 The artist also uses the experiences of dreams, which are used towards the development of the meaning of the story.

The story, generally, centers on explicating how an adult reader still comprehends the problems and the feelings presented through child memories, as presented through the child story. This paper is an explicative account of the concept expressed through the story, including comparisons, references to the English village, and what the feelings of the Grandpa and how the end of the story are developed.2

Discussion The concept of the author lies behind the blending of atmosphere, characterization and narration, towards the development of a captivating life story. These three areas of reality and abstraction are blended together, to present the memories of the artist as a child, depicting their childhood memories and the experiences of their early years. The concept of Dylan, further, lies in creatively presenting his home place, Wales, in a way that will make the reader see and feel the truth that the author experienced.

The artist’s creativity is not only represented in the way he portrays his home place, but also the way that he presents the characters of his masterpiece. The artist’s creative secret of the characters of the story lies in his ability to use them without introducing them, like the norm is for many stories. The author, simply, goes ahead to introduce them, without considerably, taking the pain to develop them, which is not expected from any story, but a style that works so well for his work.

Throughout his creative story, the only character which is considerably developed, which can be comprehended in a clear manner, is that of Dylan himself.3 Further, the character Dylan is the narrator, which shows that the writing style used is quite liberal. It can also be argued that the work revolves around liberal creativity, where the character Dylan, who is narrating the story, presents what they are able to remember and what they observed.4

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Under characterization, the artist partially introduces the character of Dylan, through a statement put as, “I woke up from a dream full of whips and lariats as long as serpents.” That is the point in the story, where the artist develops the character of the narrator, who is among the characters of the story, and more than that of the artist writing the story, thus depicted in the usage of the first person voice, I.

The other character that is incorporated into the work without any attempts of developing the character, is that of the grandpa, through the line, “the old man in the next room crying, Gee-up! And Whoa! and trotting his tongue on the roof of his mouth.” From that point on, the character of the grandfather is introduced into the story, although he refers to him as the old man.

Another character incorporated into the artwork is that of the narrator’s mother, as expressed through the line, “for my mother had said that he lit his pipe under the blankets.” Another character incorporated into the story is the man that they came across, while taking a walk around Johnstown village, who is introduced as, “a man with a whippet said,” “there is a nice morning, Mr. Thomas.” This character is apparently compared to the experiences of the author at night, where he had dreamt seeing some men riding on horses, using cloth whips to direct them. Other characters, though passively incorporated, are those introduced as, “all the men who leant on the gates congratulated grandpa on the fine morning.”5

The artist relies on comparisons to develop his story, where he talks of whips as long as serpents, where he intends to create a mental picture of the length of the symbolic whips, as a reader would imagine a serpent to be lengthy. The second case of comparison is that of the floor boards squeaking like mice, as the writer climbs onto the bed, through which he tries to create the mental picture of the squeaking sounds of mice, which he argues as coming from the floor boards of the grandfather’s house.

This is also, clearly a case of symbolism, as it may mean to present how old the house was. The author uses this comparison, to create a picture of how noisy the mice and the wooden floor were, which, according to him, produced comparable noise. The author talks of roaring and riding in a book, after he talks of pulling the sheets over his head, which shows that he is comparing the sleeping position with the shape of a book, which he uses towards the development of the story.

Another comparison is that introduced as, “the overfilled bow of his pipe smoldered along his whiskers like a little burning hayrick on a stick.” Here, the author is trying to create a mental picture of the look of his pipe placed in his mouth, which seemed like a burning hayrick placed on a stick.6

The artist relies on similes, as they may be viewed as a major model through which he develops his characters, atmosphere, surrounding, comparisons and meanings, towards presenting a clearer image of what they are talking about to the reader.

We will write a custom Research Paper on A visit to Grandpas Dylan Thomas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Examples of the similes incorporated into the work include, the floors squeaked like mice, which he uses to create an abstract image of the kind and the intensity of the noise produced by the wooden floor. “The mice between the walls creaked like wood,” is another simile incorporated into the work, where the author is evidently creating a mental picture of the kind of noise produced by the mice, which he almost mistook as that of the floor, when a person was walking over it.7

The artist also uses reference to Wales, towards developing his story, which he presents as one that is representative of the then time, the twentieth century possibly, as a way of trying to show how the atmosphere looked like and what it meant or how it affected the shaping of his childhood experiences.

At the start of the story, the author talks of a dream full of whips, which he continues to present throughout the story, where he presents characters like “a man with a whippet,” which indirectly implies that the Wales region was characteristic with the usage of whips and the riding of horses, which use the whips he talks about throughout the story. The author also talks of mountains, windy gallops across cactus fields, which he presents through the story.

This environment, clearly, presents the look of the Wales environment of that time, which is characteristic with the vegetation he talks about and refers to.8 The author talks of a mild summer night, where he presents the feelings that one would experience during a time of summer at the Wales region.9

The author relies on the figure of sounds, towards creating a clear image of what his child hood experiences were like. These sounds are used as models of creating the shape and the look of the surrounding, the atmosphere of the region and the different characters used. Examples from the story include windy gallop sounds over cactus fields, which give the reader the idea that the story may present surroundings associated to the usage of horses, which produce the gallop sounds.

The sound of the old man, Gee-up and Whoa! Gives the reader, the idea that, the old man may have been smoking, which would have made him produce such sounds, which is proved right through the story. The author talks of the squeaking sounds of mice, towards the creation of a comparison between that sound to that of the wooden floor. The author, here, is trying to offer insights on the type of noise, the intensity of the noise and the nature of the wood floor.

The same case applies with the sounds produced by the mice, which the author compares to those produced by wood, which offers an idea into how sleeping in such a noisy place was like for the artist, during his childhood.

The author talks of the flapping of the curtains and the beating sounds produced by the branches of trees hitting against the window, which he uses to portray a climate and atmosphere, which was characteristically windy and noisy. The author talks of a wet dog-whistle, which offers a clear picture of the sounds produced by the grandfather as he smoked.10

Not sure if you can write a paper on A visit to Grandpas Dylan Thomas by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The narrator of the story is one of the characters presented through the story, and one who is a first-hand witness or bearer to the events and the experiences presented through the story. The narrator of the story is also the major character throughout the story, as well as the author of the artwork.

This is clear from the voice used right from the beginning of the work, where he says, “I woke from a dream full of whips.” This voice shows that the main character is the major character of the story, which is further supported by the knowledge that the author/ narrator is presenting his own childhood experiences. Based on these insights, the narrator of the story is Dylan Thomas, who is the renowned author of the story.11

The grandpa feels that the author is showing behaviors of hallucination and being affected by his dreams and nightmares, as he talks of a case where the grandfather commands the author not to ask any more questions. This is evident from the quote, “ask no more questions,” after which he asks him whether they experience nightmares. After that night, the grandfather talks of the extreme windy conditions that he had experienced the previous night, which justifies and offers information on what the source of the noises, might have been.12

The grandfather also feels knowledgeable, as he takes the grandson around, offering him information on different issues, including the comparable nature of birds flying through trees to that of horse ridding, as he felt in the night. Towards the end of the story, the grandfather is presented as one who feels hopeless, and maybe delusional. This is the case, as he is presented as one who believes himself as dead, which may show him as one who is mentally challenged in a way, if not confused.13

Conclusion The end of the story may be associated to the confusion that develops in the mind of the author, who was then still a child, as he offers an account of having looked for him for some time, consulting the grandfather’s neighbors, including the carpenter, Dan Thomas, Mr. Griff and the butcher among others.

The confusion of the author escalates further, after they found the grandpa around a bridge. The escalation of the author’s confusion, may have led to the end of the story, as the experience of dealing with the grandfather who argued and believed that they were dead. The efforts to convince the grandfather that he was not dead are also not successful, which may have led to the authors failure to continue tracking the story and enjoying the childhood experiences, which he recollects through the story.14

Bibliography Benson, S, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, pp. 1-22.

Bullocke, J, The Harrap Book of Modern Short Stories, Nelson Publishers, Tennessee, 1985, pp. 23-25.

Ketu, K, “The Aesthetics of Dislocation,” The Women’s Review of Books, vol. 5, 2002, 5-6.

Lahiri, J, Interpreter of maladies: stories, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1999, p. 20.

Moeller, A, Dylan Thomas, A Visit to Grandpa’s – an Analysis, GRIN Verlag, New York, 2009, p. 23.

Noelle, B, “Reading Jhumpa Lahiri’s Interpreter of Maladies as a Short Story Cycle,” MELUS, Vol. 29, 2004, p. 123.

Footnotes 1 J Bullocke, The Harrap Book of Modern Short Stories, Nelson Publishers, Tennessee, 1985, p. 76.

2 A Moeller, Dylan Thomas, A Visit to Grandpa’s – an Analysis, GRIN Verlag, New York, 2009, p. 12.

3 B Noelle, “Reading Jhumpa Lahiri’s Interpreter of Maladies as a Short Story Cycle,” MELUS, Vol. 29, 2004, p. 123.

4 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 1.

5 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 1.

6 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 14

7 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 15.

8 J Lahiri, Interpreter of maladies: stories, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1999, p. 37.

9 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 17.

10 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 18.

11 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 19.

12 K Ketu, “The Aesthetics of Dislocation,” The Women’s Review of Books, vol. 5, 2002, pp. 5-6.

13 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 20.

14 S Benson, “Books LIVE,” SA Partridge, vol. 4, no. 1, 2008, p. 21.

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Contemporary Roman Catholicism: Biblical Theology Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Abstract

Introduction

Catholicism Revelation

Roman Catholicism Doctrines

Church Annunciation

Biblical Temptations

Conclusion

Bibliography

Footnotes

Abstract Contemporary Roman Catholicism embraces a lot of biblical beliefs like most churches in the world do. Contemporary Roman Catholic Church has gone through several political, social and religious tumults all over the world. However, their understanding of God through the Bible has grown very strong across the period1.

Any religion in the world has its Bible, which governs and helps followers and believers in their everyday lives; the Roman Catholic Church has extraordinarily strong ties to their Bible, too. The Bible marks the foundation of Catholicism and Christianity grown on the pillars of the books contents, its translation and importantly its interpretation among the believers.

The Bible as an inspired sacred writing has a divergent and varied understanding beyond scientific analysis. Roman Catholic Church has gone through difficult times like many Christians regarding Judaism faith and other sacred literature. Roman Catholicism uses the Bible as a divine book that God communicates with from old prophetic times to the times of Jesus reign2. The Bible is a book under God’s own co-authorization.

The writers were inspired and directed by the Holy Spirit according to God’s plan. The book was written by God’s directions. The Contemporary Roman Catholic Church has remained united by their teachings and understanding of the Bible throughout difficult political times. The biblical teaching and interpretation have remained the main tool that guides Christians and strengthens their faith in God3.

Introduction The paper focuses on Contemporary Roman Catholic Church in the Bible through their teachings, interpretations and religious movements. To underscore its aim, the paper uses scripture guidelines and puts them side by side with Catholicism. This is very vital since Protestantism has influenced many Western countries in the modern society.

Consequently, Catholics’ identification of God has come mainly through the Bible. They have come to realize that God’s communications are set in the Bible. Additionally, the church believes that the Bible is uniquely written to meet every individual satisfaction without reliance on interpretation from any other party in the magisterium of the church.

However, Roman Catholics faces difficulty in selecting materials to believe since the churches are flooded with scriptures of almost similar content. In creating catholic understanding of the Bible, the paper brings out some biblical aspects that guide and help catholic believers in their everyday lives. It also highlights reasons why Catholics have fought strong wars and political tensions in defence of the Bible.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Catholics strongly believe that only the word of God can unite the world as shown in the Holy Writ. Catholics take the Bible to be a revelation that God presents Himself through. The Bible hence makes people develop friendship between themselves and God. Without the Bible, there would be no freedom between man and God as strangers can never agree on similar terms. Revelation among Roman Catholics can be seen in different forms.

Catholicism Revelation Natural revelation is seen from the creations of God and the development of the human mind. The Old Testament in the Bible are devoted to expressing natural revelation of God to man through the creation stories. Catholics believers acknowledge the power of God through the creation process. Consequently, the power of mind is revealed in the book of Wisdom. The book criticises those who do not apply their rationality in almost its nine chapters.

The book emphasises the openness of Gods revelation to man; those who do not believe hold no excuse. “They strive to comprehend them and fall victims to appearance, seeing so much beauty” Wisdom (13: 1-9)4. The verse continues, “Even so, they are not to be excused; if they are capable of acquiring enough knowledge to be able to investigate the world, how have they been so slow to find their Master?”

Wisdom (13: 1-9)5. St. Paul also denounces those who do not believe in God as His actions are enough massage to enable each and every one to believe in Him (Rom 1: 18-236). Catholics believe in the Bible as their revelation to the Master as per the teaching of the verses7.

Catholics understand the supernatural revelation of God to man through the Bible. Supernatural revelation is shown in the Old Testament when God directly or indirectly talked to ancestors through prophets as shown in Hebrews. In the recent days, God spoke to man through his son Jesus, the son who is the glory of God and His copy (Hebrews 1: 1-2)8.

From supernatural revelation, Catholics have come to believe in the Holy Trinity. God is presented as the Father, the Holy Spirit and the Son. This is a unique sign and practice within the Roman Catholic Church9.

Roman Catholic Churches have their traditions, which are controlled by God’s past revelations as in the Bible. There are sacred traditions and ecclesiastical traditions that hold the Church together. Church traditions known as magisterium has been the tool that Roman Catholic Church fights with.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Contemporary Roman Catholicism: Biblical Theology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Church sends instructions about God through apostles such as Roman Pontiff, who is seen as the successor to St. Peter. Also, The Pope is the Christ Vicar and the head of Catholic Church. Despite changes in doctrines, from Old Testament times there has been no significant change over divine revelation and accretion. The bible hence can be seen as a tool that has maintained Catholic Church10.

The Roman Catholic Church believes and teaches God’s inspiration. According to prophet Hosea, the authorship of Pentateuch is ascribed to God himself (Hosea 8: 12). David’s Psalm are ascribed to His authorship as well, “Lord, you are He who by the Holy Spirit, by the mouth of our father David …have said” (Acts: 24-25)11.

God as the author of the Old Testament is also shown in the New Testament with St. Peters. Peter says, “No prophecy of Scripture is made private by interpretation. For the prophecy comes not by the will of man at any time, but the holy men of God spoke inspired by the Holy Spirit (1 Peter 1:2)12. Peter and Paul warned the Church against false prophets as the old prophets did. The Roman Church as well warns against false prophet from the biblical lessons.

Pope Clement 1 was the first pope to pronounce the sacred books to Corinthians as true words of the Holy Spirit (Letter to the Corinthians, 45)13. These words were later repeated by pope Eugenius IV who combined the Old and New Testament in the understanding of the Church of Rome as inspiration of Holy Spirit. Catholics believe in the Bible is the sacred book inspired by God14.

However, the church as well has been facing a crisis of the Bible in regards to several issues. Believers have developed the so called mind violence based on inerrancy. This comes out because of errors in the modern Bible made by scholars. it in its turn has made some of the Catholic believers take the Bible with less respect than they perceived before.

The Bible is expected to hold no contradictions that any form of such errors raises doubts on its inspirational nature. In such stances, people tend to believe that the book was never inspirational rather it was a human authored. The challenges of many texts also raise many doubts as people get confused over the original text. This is difficult for some people as they fall in the confusion.

Roman Catholicism Doctrines The Roman Catholicism is also identified by its biblical Canon. As a Holy and inspired book, the Bible canonical writing is used in the church as the only rule and standard in the Church for teaching and liturgy. The Bible, on the other hand, is a norm of practices and faith among the believers’ virtue. Contemporary Catholicism has canonized the Bible in their beliefs. The canons are found both in the Old and the New Testament as the foundation of sacred agreements between God and the man.

The Catholic canons, hence, owe their origin from the biblical during the Old Testament. Examples of the canons are the Alexandria and Palestinian canon and the Jews Mosaic law found in the Testaments. The New Testament canons contain all the books that were released by Saint Damascus. These form the binding agreements between the catholic believers and their Church15.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Contemporary Roman Catholicism: Biblical Theology by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Contemporary Roman Church owes its doctrines’ development to the Bible. The church doctrines are the beginning of God’s revelation and understanding. The dogmatic nature of the doctrines allows the church to grow not only by additional faith mysteries and accretions but also conferred insights by the Holy Spirit. The dogmas are authentically approved by Catholic Church to aid the believers in walking in the right path.

The church doctrines are traced back to God. They are opened by his creation stories and command to man. Consequently, they became more open in the Old Testament in Gods Revelation to the Jews through the prophets and other different means. These enable the Jews to remain united and develop stronger faith. Doctrines chronologically grew and got passed from generation to generation of the Church16.

In the New Testament, the revelation of the doctrines developed immensely. This can be seen in the last Supper when Jesus tells the disciples, “I shall not call you servants anymore, because a servant does not know His masters business. I call you friends because I have made known to you everything I have learned from my Father” (John 15: 15)17.

The trinity is one of the most mysterious doctrines that was revealed and is practiced in the contemporary Catholicism. The church believes that Yahweh revealed himself through prophets in the Old Testament and through His only son in the New Testament. The fact that Jesus dwelt among men is a son of God’s revelation and redemption18.

Catholic Epistles, which include letters of Apostle Peter, John, James and Jude have been studied by Roman Catholic Church since their inception from Lusebius from Caesarea. The books mark unique distinction of the church from other religions and the protestant groups. The contemporary church has continued with this practice by ensuring that the believers are provided by with the best Bibles for their study19.

The Conception of the three fold anointment practiced by the Catholic Church is biblically traceable. The Messiah was expected to be a priest, a teacher and a King, who were anointed by God. These Old Testament versions symbolises the triad of code and the creed found in the Roman Catholic Church.

The Church has hierarchical system that bore its roots to the Testaments as well. The priests are ordained people who once served as Catholic deacons and teachers. They are highly respected people and serve as God’s messengers who bring the word of God to the Church20.

Church Annunciation The Catholic Church annunciation is one of most practices carried out by the contemporary church. Mary Magdalene is referred to as Hail Mary in the Catholic Bible. This translates to a person full of grace. According to Catholicism, Mary is blessed by God to be the mother of Jesus. God uses Mary for redemption of the world. This makes Mary a revered symbol in the contemporary Catholic Church.

Through Holy Mary, God was able to communicate to the world. Christmas celebration among the Roman Catholic Church includes teachings and praises over Mary. Catholics are strengthened to believe in God like Mary who had no doubt in angel’s message. The church’s teaching over the spiritual conception of Christ is of considerable importance. The believers are made to accept that God is not an ordinary person despite the fact that He lived among men21.

Catholics carry prayers in reflection of Mary. The prayer is a long discourse in Mary’s heart. Mary’s prayer is the best show of humility, which is full of inspirations. Consequently, it is a humble adoration among the believers. The Roman Catholic Church carries out magnificat as a liturgy from the early Church. It is also referred to as the prayer of consecration. Mary’s magnificat is in four parts. The first part gratitude is offered to God.

In the second part, God is praised for his holiness, power and mercy. In the third part, the way God deals with the humble and the proud is compared. The fourth part refers to the fulfilment of prophesies. Catholic believers are taught the importance of each and every part of the magnificat in the Bible.

By faith, they are able to adore God in the prayer through praise. Praise is the way the believers appreciate God’s interventions and acknowledging themselves. Catholic believers are able to understand how God works with the proud and the humble. The magnificat guides the believers when they pray as well as in their daily actions22.

Biblical Temptations Catholicism teaches about temptations and prepared the believers accordingly. Temptations are drawn in the Bible from the early lives of Abrahams and later in Christ Himself. In the New Testament, Jesus temptations were the last message to the believers. Temptations are aimed at testing and strengthening hearts among Christians.

From the Bible, Catholics are prepared to meet tough moments while walking in the path of God. From the temptations of Jesus, Christians learn that temptations come from the world, devil and the flesh. Jesus was a revelation to believers on what is encountered while seeking eternal life23.

Just like Moses and Elijah, Jesus was tempted for forty days and nights in the wilderness. The Roman Catholic Church practices Lent from the biblical understanding of preparation for temptations. The first temptation to Jesus came after His thirsty and hungry moments.

The devil’s aim was to make Jesus lose God’s confidence in providence. Catholics learn from this temptation that despite the level of mortification, God’s providence should never be doubted. Additionally, God’s powers should not be utilized by one’s personal gains. These temptations show the devil as a deceiver to Christians24.

Roman Catholic Church teaching over the temptations consists in the fact that the Bible can be used as a weapon against the devil. Jesus was able to counter the devil from biblical quotes.

The second temptation was a test whether God does miracles for no cause. Jesus teaches the Christians not to test their God and rely on biblical guidance in case of temptations. Catholics are taught to pray constantly since God, through his providence, can put the church in mysterious positions. Some of the tests might be too hard to cope with, but prayers always win God’s will.25

The virtue of adoration is tested in the last temptation where Jesus is asked by the devil to worship it in exchange of the earthly possessions. Roman Catholic Church teaches the believers to fully adore their only God and recognize Him as the creator of the heaven and earth.

God should be adored by will and mind among the believers. Contemporary Catholic Church as well insists on service to church and God as a sign of adoration. Jesus sets the best example by stating that there is only one God. This acts as the best guidance to Christians during their temptations26.

Unlike the early Church, contemporary Roman Catholic Church offers believers opportunity to make their own choices in matters relating to their faith. The believers are at free will to make their own biblical understanding and interpretation, despite, the lessons the Church teaches.

As a result, issues such as marriages have become contentious in the contemporary Church. The influence of growing technology offers some confusion in biblical interpretation since so many varied materials reach the believers. Nevertheless, the Bible has remained the main fighting tool in developing Catholicism across the world27.

Conclusion Despite many traditional beliefs in contemporary Catholic Church, the church holds several biblical truths. Most of the contemporary church practices are traditions carried down from the Old Testaments as well as faith initiated from Jesus ministries. The Church’s development is founded on its strong inclination to the Bible through its interpretation, teaching and usage.

Roman Catholic Church acknowledges the inspired and mystical nature of the Bible as God’s communication to man. As a result, following biblical teaching becomes an essential in acceptance of God. Churches mould their believers to fit the eyes of God through doctrines adopted in both Old and New Testaments.

These include the teachings of the commandments as brought from Mosaic laws to Christ times. Roman Catholic Church rebukes poor practices in the church as directed in the Bible to enable Catholic followers to follow the clear path. Believers are guided from the lessons of the early prophets, Holy Mary and Christ Himself as written in the scripture.

Bibliography Coxon, H. B. Roman Catholicism: An Explanation of Catholic Belief Taken from Official Sources. South Carolina: BiblioBazaar, 2010.

Fergus, Kerr. Twentieth-Century Catholic Theologians. New York: Wiley, 2007.

Francis, Schüssler and John Galvin.Theology and the Sciences. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2011.

Geisler, Norman and Ralph MacKenzie.Roman Catholics and Evangelicals: Agreements and Differences. Michigan: Baker Academic,1995.

Gerard, Mannion. Church and Religious ‘Other’ Volume 4 of Ecclesiological Investigations. London: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2008.

Gillis, Chester. Catholic Faith in America. New York. Infobase Publishing, 2002.

Kelly, Kapic and Bruce McCormack. Mapping Modern Theology: A Thematic and Historical Introduction. Michigan: Baker Books, 2012.

King James Version Bible

Michael, Horton. The Christian Faith: A Systematic Theology for Pilgrims on the Way: Roman Catholic Perspectives. London: Zondervan, 2010.

Noll, Mark and Carolyn Nystrom. Is the Reformation Over?: An Evangelical Assessment of Contemporary Roman Catholicism. Michigan: Baker Academic, 2005.

Noll, Mark and Carolyn Nystrom. Is the Reformation Over?: An Evangelical Assessment of Contemporary Roman Catholicism. Michigan: Baker Academic, 2008.

Scott, Hahn. Covenant and Communion: The Biblical Theology of Pope Benedict XVI. Michigan: Brazos Press, 2009.

Surhone, Lambert M., Mariam T. Tennoe, and Susan F. Henssonow. Roman Catholic Diocese of Ogdensburg. Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Dr. Mueller AG

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Participation in Stakeholder-Based Evaluation: A Case Study writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents The introduction

Program evaluation

The conclusion

References

The introduction To improve conditions in local communities certain programs were created. The most well-known types of programs include surveillance systems, training programs, direct service interventions, social marketing campaigns, administrative systems, etc. The stated purpose of the case study is to clarify what types of evaluation seem to be more appropriate for a common understanding of program evaluation.

Program evaluation Health and development program represents the most effective type of evaluation, as it provides the stakeholders with an opportunity to clarify program plans, improve program effectiveness and communication among partners.

One is to keep in mind that while choosing the type of evaluation, it is necessary to determine what should be evaluated and what evaluation criteria must be used. To make a sound evaluation, it is important to engage stakeholders, gather credible evidence, describe the program, focus the evaluation design and justify conclusions.

The most common purposes of the evaluation are to gain insight, to determine the effects of the program and to affect the participants (Berkowitz

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Learning Process and Incorporating Technology Research Paper essay help site:edu

Ancient Greek philosophers like Aristotle (322BC); Plato (347BC) as well as Socrates (399BC) contributed the basis for theorizing the learning process (Hammond et al. 2001, p.2). Descartes (1596-1650) reintroduced the Platonic concept of innate knowledge (Hammond et al. 2001, p.3).

Descartes scholarly works provided leverage for the behavioral psychologists seeking to understand the genesis of behavior as well as laid the bases for furtherance by the cognitive scientists who had an interest in understanding the thinking process (Hammond et al. 2001, p.4). Along these lines Locke (1632-1704) worked on child’s thinking maturity process as influenced by individual experiences. Rousseau (1712-1778) was among the first philosopher to argue that education should be tailored to suit the child (Hammond et al. 2001, p.4).

Kant (1724-1804) enhanced further the works of Plato on the rationalist theory by arguing that prior knowledge exists before the current experience. Kant was among the initial philosophers to recognize the processes of the mind and that the mind was integral of the thinking process and has the capacity to add value to the development of thoughts (Hammond et al. 2001, p.5).

Modern psychologists have relied on the works by the likes of Descartes, Kant and Charles Darwin to study how people learn and discover better approaches for use in teaching (Hammond et al. 2001, p.5).

Piaget (1896-1980) is credited with recognizing that learning is a developmental cognitive process where the learners construct knowledge instead of receiving from the teachers (Hammond et al. 2001, p.6). A Russian scholar Vygotsky (1896-1934) further developed Piaget works by giving it a cultural dimension (Hammond et al. 2001, p.7).

Twitter is an internet based multimedia technology tool that allows interactive engagement by its users. This technology tool is a social networking site with audio and visual capabilities (Hussain et al., 2012, p.189). Twitter allows learners and teachers to create and propagate their own virtual communities where they can interact freely (Richardson and Swan, 2003, p.69). This virtual environment created forms the bases for the learning experience (Kreijns et al. 2003, p.336).

Paradigm shifts in learning experience brought by the social and multimedia tools:

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From: Traditional teaching and Media

To: Collaborative and Virtual learning (Social networking)

Modified: Dawley ( 2009, p.122)

In order to integrate Twitter’s multimedia perspective into the cognitive learning, assumptions will be made on mind processing. These assumptions should be in-line with the cognitive learning theories by psychologists like Locke, Kant, Piaget and Vygotsky. The minds information processing system interfaces are the audio and visual channels, that is for sound and pictures.

The dual channel has bases on the works of Paivolo’s (1986) on the dual coding theory and Baddeley’s (1998) theory of working memory (Mayer and Moreno, 2003, p.44). Twitter pages have images and wording that can provoke mind processing. The second assumption that each channel has limits during the human information processing (Cobb, 1997, p.21). This is at the center of the Cognitive Load theory fronted by Chandler and Sweller (1991).

The third assumption is based on generative-learning theory and selecting-organizing-integrating theory of active learning fronted by Wittrock (1989) and Mayer (1999), respectively (Mayer and Moreno, 2003, p.44). The integration of Twitter into learning has the influence as illustrated below.

Modified: Mayer and Moreno (2003, p.44)

We will write a custom Research Paper on Learning Process and Incorporating Technology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The effect of behaviorist learning theory on education has led to advancement in structure and the sequence of curricula as well as the use of instructional programs and workbooks (Hammond et al. 2001, p.6). The advancement has made it easy for learners to gain certain skills, particularly those offered through rote through reinforcement and practice. Skinner (1904 –1990) is credited for the modern behaviorism (Hammond et al. 2001, p.7).

The elementary principle that needs to be observed in using multimedia is to ensure that it is constructive in generating the desired stimulus. This means prior to introducing Twitter to the learning environment the stimulus should have already been predicted and deemed reliable. Twitter supports back channeling that is an active real-time online conversation behind or in conjunction with live spoken remarks or presentation. Take for instance the learning session in the figure below.

Source: Western University (2011)

Two assumptions can be made learners are active and respond to environmental stimuli as well as learning is a behavioral change due to experience and depends on the association developed by the moment the behavior occurs and the behavior itself.

Twitter allows active learning participation and students can add their perspective through commenting. Students and teachers can add elaborations and links in order to enhance learning towards the desired goal. Moreover, even those who are not physically present can participate. Twitter provokes interest and keeps learners alert.

Based on the works of Albert Bandura on social learning theory that learning can be experienced through observing another person’s actual behavior (live model), verbal exchange as well as use of symbolism where real or fictional characters demonstrate the behavior (Grusec, 1992, p.778).

Live models can be likened to the Twitter page followers as illustrated in the figure below.

Source: Western University (2011)

Not sure if you can write a paper on Learning Process and Incorporating Technology by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Verbal exchange can be likened to the Twitter interactive exchange as illustrated in the figure below.

@larryzapeyeRe: those picsof TO and Zenyattathat have been tweeted… what are the red blotches/spots on her front wraps? 6:16 PM Oct 17th, 2010 via Twitter for iPhone in reply to larryzapeye

Source: Western University (2011)

Use of symbolism can be likened to the Twitter page for followers as illustrated in the figure below.

Source: Western University (2011)

References Cobb, T. (1997). Cognitive Efficiency: Toward a Revised Theory of Media. ETR

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The Impact of the Megatrends in Business Essay best essay help: best essay help

The modern business world develops according to the progress of the megatrends in such spheres as Information Technologies (IT), Human Resources (HR), and Management. These trends influence many aspects of the business and the company’s development also including the range of duties and responsibilities of the Purchasing and Supply Management professionals (P/SM).

Some years ago, the main accents in the work of P/SM professionals were made on the effective interactions with suppliers and customers with basing on the successful problem-solving and decision-making process. Today, the duties and responsibilities of P/SM professionals are affected by such tendencies as globalization, e-commerce, professional development, cross-functional teaming and project management.

Thus, to follow these tendencies, P/SM professionals are expected to orient in their responsibilities to global purchasing, and as a result, widening the relations with customers and suppliers. Moreover, the development of e-commerce makes P/SM professionals focus on the opportunities provided by the Internet.

Today, the online market is discussed as more economically advantageous in comparison with the traditional market because of saving the costs on advertising, retailing, and delivery (Wisner, 2011). Furthermore, modern P/SM professionals also actively use the possibility of auctioning online.

Such megatrends in HR and management as the necessity of the intensive professional development, the concentration on cross-functional teaming and project management result in the increase of the improvement of P/SM professionals’ skills, in the growth of the competitiveness within the industry, in the orientation to the balance between the role of the individual and team in the decision-making process toward achieving the definite goal.

Nowadays, there are few aspects which can limit the deepening and expansion of the relations between customers and producers, and the P/SM professional’s duty is to use all the opportunities effectively and reduce all the challenges.

It is also possible to speak about the impact of these trends on the organizational and operational aspects of the Purchasing and Supply Management Department.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this case, the main focus is on the effective supplier selection and strategic relationships with suppliers, on the development of the strategic perspective and the vision of a wide picture of the situation with references to the results of the project management and concentrating on the global diversity and integration. The major aspects of the process are flexibility in overcoming the industry’s challenges and risks with the help of effective planning and making decisions (Wisner, 2011).

In this situation, to face all the business, IT, HR, and management challenges of the 21st century, it is necessary for P/SM professionals to develop their specific skills which are based on the improvement of the communication and presentation skills in the work with suppliers and customers, of the ethical knowledge, of flexibility and a quick reaction to the situation, and of the problem-solving skills.

The development of these skills is significant in the context of the manager’s purpose to work out and follow the effective strategy in relation to reducing the costs, increasing quality and service (Wisner, 2011).

From this point, P/SM professionals should be able to provide the broad vision of the situation in the industry with references to the developed e-commerce and globalization trends. Moreover, the abilities to review, analyze, and evaluate the tendencies of the development with choosing the best strategies to follow are as important as the skills to manage the work of the employees, to organize the relationships with customers and suppliers effectively.

Reference Wisner, J. D. (2011). Principles of supply chain management: A balanced approach. USA: Cengage Learning.

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Foreign and Security Policy of US and Middle East Coursework writing essay help

Introduction This treatise aims at discussing at length on state and its effects on foreign and security policy, paradox of US being the most economically and military powerful nation, effects of globalization and economic interdependence to stability and security and finally the effects of water shortage in the Middle East.

Discussion The paper will give limelight to the issue of national security by following various relevant aspects which will be discussed at length.

The nation state as a primary unit of action

Whether state remains the primary unit of action in world affairs will indeed matter as far as issues related to U.S foreign and security policy is concerned1. The state remains the primary political unit in all areas of political life2. It is obvious that the state will continue being powerful but that does not mean that the conflicts of global politics and foreign policies will end.

The nation cannot at all profess to remaining pertinent in a world that is full of insecurity. As it continuously remains to be the main geo political influence in the global affairs, there will always be challenges that do result from ethnic, tribal, socioeconomic and religious issues3.

The state still remains as the main form of political organization locus of authority as well as point of reference as far as world affairs are concerned. With that, It is clear that as an influential component, it is quite important as far as foreign and security policy is concerned as it is the main authority over the foreign affairs and the national security4.

The future of nation as a primary unit of action as far as world affairs is concerned can entirely be said to be insecure. This is because of the heightened global interconnection. Also, the whole idea of globalization has intensified the connection internationally which leads to a nation that is interconnected to various institutions of politics, economics and society.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The challenges that have been posed to the nation by the aspect of globalization are numerous. First, there is reduction of the aptitude of the nation to influence the economy as all the economic transactions are usually done in the global stage.

Moreover, it heightens the transnational bodies which could be economic or political. Also, it allows emergence of sub national and super power centers and finally it increases non governmental organizations as well as world migrations importance.

The insecurity of the states has adverse effect on US security and foreign policies. Through introduction of globalization systems the US policies are undermined and hence a negative impact on its main role as far as security issues is concerned. Moreover, the United States will end up losing its control as far as international economy is concerned which will ultimately lead to other countries undermining the policies. The decline will widen the security scope as well as stability hence affecting the US security policies.

Finally, the state will not be in a position to control the security requirements for instance controlling the technological assets as well as information which ultimately threatens the security policies as well as the US foreign policy.

Paradox of US being the most military and economically powerful nation There has been a paradox of the US being the most economically and military powerful nation globally. The American citizens have always taken pride due to the fact that other nations do recognize it as the most influential nation as far as economic and military issues are concerned.

However, the main question still remains why despite its predominance, it has always been engulfed with security issues. It is also the aim of this paper to discuss on the reason why America is considered to be the most powerful nation and how it can handle the alleged paradox and maintain its power.

The reason behind America being the most powerful nation as far as military and economic aspects are concerned is for instance in their use of soft and hard power. For example, soft power played a major role in unifying Europe despite the fact that most military conquests in the region had failed earlier. Another reason why America has been a powerful economically is due to the fact that it has been given the mandate to print gold, hence making it quite influential as compared to other nations.

We will write a custom Coursework on Foreign and Security Policy of US and Middle East specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In “the US foreign policy: the paradox of world power”5,Hook explains on the sources as well as the conditions of American power giving the readers a prescription on how they can maintain as well as extend the country’s power and might. The author asserts that so as to handle this paradox, the nation must be able to combat criminal activities such as sale of illicit drugs and deal effectively with international terrorism.

They should endeavor to maintain and enhance democratic values as well as political stability. The U.S in handling this power paradox should shape the foreign policy so as to combat issues of international security such as terrorism. Additionally, The US should engage other powers in policymaking so as to heighten positive outcomes. It should do away with unilateralism and engage coalitions so as to come up with solutions to their main threats.

America ought to use its power in enhancing long term interests and set rational goals and priorities which will not in any way affect its resources’6.

In addition to that, U.S should enhance their power as it is important for the country’s security and foreign policy. Hook avows that the U.S can handle their power paradox by effectively using and maintaining their soft power attributes as far as foreign policy is concerned so as to protect the people, promote values and enhance superiority7.

Also they should eliminate parochialism, unilateralism and arrogance so as to handle the power paradox. This is because, such factors can undercut on the effectualness of the American power especially the influence as well as the attractiveness of its leadership and soft power8. It is hence clear that America is the most powerful nation and if the US can handle the paradox effectively, it will continue being a powerful nation economically as well as military.

Globalization and economic inter dependence in relation to security and stability Economic interdependence and globalization is closely related to international stability and security. The immense sense of security issues that terrorism has inspired unto the American government and economy which are the main forces behind globalization, has led to reassertion of sovereignty by the America as well as other nations.

The fear that liberal standards which are as a result of globalization are facilitating terrorism has been causing the US to control the transborder transactions. It is hence clear that globalization and economic interdependence facilitates security and stability.

The effects of economic interdependence and globalization are wide ranging. The political, economic as well as security environment is vastly shaped by interdependence and globalization. The affirmative effects of globalization are obvious as it leads to rapid rising of standards of living. However, globalization has exhibited negative effects in matters of national security.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Foreign and Security Policy of US and Middle East by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Globalization has profound effects on economy as well as security, though this does not mean that globalization on its own is capable of creating such immense changes in the areas of security in US.

It is clear that security and foreign policies has a major role to play in the area of national security. Globalization is one aspect that tends to influence local and foreign policies such as policies that govern the borders. Globalization influences foreign policies that are related to communication technology, expansion of the global borders and factories, emergence of markets among other policies9.

The relationship between security and economics is quite a complex one depending on the features which tend to be powerful in the eyes of the decision makers. Often, concerns of sovereignty and nationalism can be so powerful that a country like the US can end up entering into an inter-state conflict despite the economic interdependence hence leading to economic loss.

Heightened interdependence in itself might not prevent conflict and insecurity. Nevertheless, while the likely threats can end up leading to conflicts with an increase of arms expenses, it is clear that the greater the country’s dependence on another, then the heightened cost of insecurity and conflict10.

If two countries are interdependent economically, then it is most likely that there will be conflict. Economic interdependence in US enhances security. It can hence be argued that globalization and economic interdependence in US contributes a lot to economic growth as well as economic dynamism in the entire region. As the well being of the American citizens heightens, the nation becomes increasingly stable hence enhances nation’s security.

Progressing globalization and economic interdependence has caused significant effects on the national security. The 21st century has brought with it a world in which the U.S economy as well as those of other nations has become more interdependent. Hence, the U.S National interests will not just expand but will also vary in its intensity.

Though globalization to a large extent enhances security, we cannot forget that it also leads to insecurity with the increasing demand of resources across the globe. The technology of globalization for instance links the world together with no any respect to cultures or borders. It is hence clear that as globalizations envelops more nations, it is quite inevitable that there will be both losers as well as winners as market competition heightens.

In such environment, there will be vast potential for the policies and interests of various policies. If this is indeed true, the scale of conflict that results from irreconcilable policies and interests on a global level might lead to war. Therefore, the cumulative effects of globalization and economic interdependence for most parts will be on the outcomes of the conflicting foreign policies among the actors involved.

This means that the U.S policy on future decisions to use military in order to protect the national interest will be affected. It is clear that globalization and interdependence has exposed us to new challenges changing the way in which the old challenges do touch our values as well as interests at the same time enhancing the capacity to respond.

Shortage of water in the Middle East and conflicts Recently, various pressures such as water shortages and demand, population increase among others are increasing the need for water in most poor countries. One of the regions that have been most affected is the Middle East where lack of water has affected the region’s politics11.

This is a region where water related disputes go hand in hand with other known tensions such as ideological, political and religious conflicts. Even in those places that have immense water resources for example Tigris, Nile and Euphrates have been under pressure. Competition for fresh water is not new in Middle East, as people have been fighting over water issues for many years.

This trend hence plays down religion and ideology as the only source of conflicts and tensions pointing to the fact that other survival motivations such as competition for water can lead to conflict.

Water disputes have become a major issue in the Middle East to an extent the government has called for peace talks. Among some of the issues that ought to be solved in order to curb this problem once and for all is the allocation as well as control of water rights to rivers such as Jordan.

In the past, conflicts have emanated between regions such as Jordan and Syria as a result of ineffective operation and constructions of dams in River Yarmuk12. Other examples of disputes have emanated from the joint management of Euphrates River between Syria, Turkey and Iraq and ways to protect water quality for those who are dependent on such resources.

Conflicts among diverse nations are usually caused by various factors including ideological disputes, religious differences, economic competition, and arguments over borders among others. Though it is quite difficult to separate the various entangled causes of competition and conflict over natural resources as well as disputes, it is clear that environmental factors are also playing a major role in the international relations.

Such conflicts take various forms such as use of resources or even environment as major instruments of war or even motivations and goals as far as military conquest is concerned. Research shows clearly that water has offered a justification for engaging into war as it has been a major object of political and economic strength, military conquest as well as a tool of conflict. Shortages of water are understood that it constrains the nation’s political as well as economic options.

Water just like other known and common factors can cause rivalry due to its scarcity, extent of supply from one state or region to another, basin states’ relative powers as well as ease of access to other alternative freshwater sources among others. As the water delivery systems as well as the water supplies continue to be increasingly valuable in those regions that have scarce water, so does conflicts heighten.

Conclusion It is clear that security issues are a major concern among Nations. This paper has at length discussed the nation state and its effects on U.S foreign and security policies, the paradox of U.S being the most economically and military powerful nation, effects of globalization and economic interdependence on security and stability as well as other factors that lead to insecurity and conflicts such as water scarcity in the Middle East.

Bibliography Hook, Steven. 2010.U.S foreign policy: the paradox of world power. New York: CQ press

Morgan, Patrick. 2006. International security, problems and solutions. New York: CQpress

Nye, Joseph. 2002. The paradox of American power: why the word’s only superpower can’t go it alone. CA: Oxford university press

Rosenau, James. 1961. International politics and foreign policy: a reader in research and theory. New York: Free press of Glencoe

Scheumann, Waltina. 1998. Water in the middle East potential for conflicts and prospects for cooperation. New York: Springer

Zwass, Adam. 2002. Globalization of unequal national economies: players and controversies. New York: Illustrated

Footnotes 1 (Morgan 2006, 26)

2 Ibid, 1

3 (Rosenau 1961, 31-89)

4 Ibid, 1

5 (Hook 2010, 338)

6 (Nye 2002, 116-127)

7 Ibid, 5

8 Ibid, 5

9 Ibid, 5

10 (Zwass 2002, 56-119)

11 (Scheumann 1998, 22-76)

12 Ibid, 11

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Disparities in health outcomes in homeless people Essay online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Factors leading to health disparities among the homeless

Policy actions that will reduce disparities in health

References

Introduction Throughout history, homelessness has been an aggravating factor of health disparities in the world (Smedley, Syme, 2000). Recent studies show considerable difference health outcomes between homeless populations and people with homes (Davis, Cook

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Solipsism and Solitude Essay essay help free: essay help free

Solipsism and solitude are two ideas that are closely related. The ideas are a part of an extensive topic brought up by early western philosophers, and is still widely studied by today’s philosophers. Solipsism is a complex philosophy that explores the individuality of the mind. It is the belief that the mind exists while nothing else is certain.

In this case, the mind of a person must exist since it is able to perceive. However, whatever the mind perceives could be pure deception or a corrupted representation of the reality. This is the basic concept of solipsism. Philosophers have complicated the concept of solipsism such that it has gained meaning that makes it seem to represent the most radical ideas about existence. The philosophy of solipsism depicts a universe, which exist as a creation of the mind.

This means that the surrounding environment may not be distortion of the real existence, but may be the mind itself. Moreover, the concept, which embraces metaphysical thinking, dictates that the environment around the perceiver represents the mind. Thus, an individual’s universe is made up of his or her mind alone. Today’s criticism of solipsism is that the concept advocates for ignorance of the importance of other people’s opinions. It is regarded as a kind of escapism.

On the other hand, solitude is a state of separation from other living beings. In this case, living beings are those, which can be perceived by the human eye. Solitude can be viewed as the moment which one’s mind is not distracted by the surrounding environment. This concept is separate and distinct from the idea of loneliness. Whereas solitude could be utilized for constructive thinking, loneliness can only serve to develop a depressing feeling.

However, there is a close relationship between the two concepts. While solipsism focuses on the power of the mind, solitude defines the state of the surrounding, which the mind is allowed to perceive and discern. It is during moments of solitude, that an individual can form constructive thoughts. Rene Descartes first explored the two concepts deeply, and later several other thinkers, including David Thoreau and Kurt Hoelting analyzed the concepts keenly.

In the book, “Walden”, David Thoreau focuses keenly on the subject of solitude. He says that he is more comfortable when he is alone than when he has company. He presents a paradox when he says that he has never found another companion as good as being alone. This means that his best companion is solitude. He defines the degree of solitude as the distance between an individual and his human companions.

He then continues to give an example of a student in a university. A student who is hard working in his or her studies often goes into isolation. This is because the isolation is a good environment for learning. Thoreau relates the concept of solitude to solipsism. Although he does not put an emphasis on metaphysics, he asserts that solitude results to a clearer thinking (Thoreau 127).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This kind of thinking is sometimes not good for the psychological wellbeing of an individual. Constant thoughts are likely to result in uncomfortable feeling. He describes the experience as the tormenting of an individual by thoughts. In turn, the thoughts that engulf the mind and separate it from the physical world in times of solitude fit the description of solipsism.

Thoreau describes an incident where a person is in distress in the woods. The man is hungry and cannot move about due to his physical weakness. While the person lies down, many thoughts occupy his mind such that he is not alone. This incident seeks to separate the physical existence from the mind. Consequently, such situation where the mind is separated from the body is a case of solipsism. Thoreau attests to a personal occasional situation when he is alone in the morning (Thoreau 120).

At this time, no one is talking to him and no one calls. He finds that he is not alone despite the fact that no one is talking. Solitude is a perfect companion at this time. Thoreau seeks to assert that the mind is most constructive during time of solitude. At this time, the mind is not forced to think. It wanders freely and forms constructive and positive thoughts.

According to Thoreau, it is during the time of solitude that one is able to observe the aspects of nature. During this time, a person observes the usual daily surroundings such as the sun, the wind and the vegetation. He compares these to the psychology of man, which keeps on changing depending on the current experiences.

He acknowledges their eternal happiness. These natural occurrences such as the daylight never lose their glamour. They seem to be satisfied with their condition at all times. Such observations are a result of solipsism (Thoreau 105). There is positivity of the thoughts, and the constructiveness in the thought is an aspect of solipsism. These thoughts are conjured up by the mind, and are not elicited by the experiences of the individual.

In the book, “Meditations on the First Philosophy”, René Descartes says that all along in his youth he has lived in deception of what he sees. He says that he must dismantle his present perceptions and build new philosophy of existence. This means that Descartes does not believe in what he sees in his environment. In his exploration of the concept of solipsism, Descartes says that senses deceive a person, but may not always present falsehood.

According to him, there is some truth in the perceptions of the mind. He analyses the usual perception of the human and concludes that according to the usual perception, there is no ground for denying the existence of everything else apart from the brain (Descartes

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FedEx Essay college admission essay help

Introduction All corporations aim at success. Some achieve it. Others fail. For those that achieve it, they may experience the challenge of sustainability and ultimately fade. Still, there are organisations that have been able to achieve success and maintain it over decades. Such organisations have achieved and sustained superior performance that meet or surpass both their internal and external relations’ expectations.

This essay shall analyse how FedEx has created and maintained superior performance using five forces, value creation, and culture school at a micro-level focusing on Human Resources (HR) practices.

FedEx aim has been able to create superior financial returns for its shareholders using its value-added services, business strategy, HR practices, supply chain management, and focused operation systems (FedEx, 2011). FedEx strive to meet all the needs of its diverse customers both in the national and international markets.

In order to achieve and sustain superior performance, the company strives to establish mutually beneficial relationships with its shareholders, employees, business partners, and suppliers (Business Services Industry, 2002). The company observes safety of its employees and aims at conducting business to the highest professional levels. Concentration on human resources has made policies and functions of HR in FedEx important part of creating and sustaining superior performance.

The company FedEx is a logistic company serving global markets. Fredrick Smith founded the company out of the need to serve a service-oriented economy of the US in the year 1973 that needed quick and reliable delivery services (San Jose Consulting Group, 2003).

The company had suffered some losses during its entry into the international market. This was due to expensive expansion strategies. In addition, the company also used the US strategy in an international market like China. There were also cases of cultural differences, acquisition, organisational adjustments, structural policies, and adaptation of human resource issues so as to reflect and enhance FedEx culture.

The company did not experience success in its attempts to conquer the Chinese market due policies that did not favour foreign operations. The company had challenges in embracing the regional culture. On the other hand, FedEx competitors such as UPS and DHL understood Chinese market and grew their strategies gradually.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More FedEx National Operation The logistic industry complements operation of other organisations and individuals. FedEx has competition too from other local firms that offer similar services. However, operation at the national level affects services that FedEx Ground offers. The main competitor in this area is UPS. The global strategy mainly relies on FedEx Express that also faces threats from other international logistic companies. Thus, FedEx Express should complement operation of FedEx Ground (San Jose Consulting Group, 2003).

FedEx relies on several factors of production in order to realise superior performance. These are mainly managerial strategies, the company resources, and logistic technical know-how. The company has been able to develop reliable logistic systems that ensure successful operation of its complex systems. At the same time, the company has been able to exploit its resources and physical infrastructure such as ports and roads in order to deliver superior performance.

The domestic demands and competition in the US make FedEx constantly keep pace with such needs through upgrading its service. Customers need fast and cost-effective delivery; thus, logistic firms must see the need of upgrading their services to satisfy customers’ demands. As many companies come up to offer such services at reduced costs, FedEx must improve its customers’ responsiveness and introduce innovative products and use of technology so as to avert challenges that may result from consumers’ activities and competition.

Intensity of competition in the logistic industry is responsible for driving growth and sustainable performance. Thus, FedEx and its main competitors must continuously strive to enhance qualities of their products and services through innovation and technology. At the same time, such companies may also focus on lowering costs. However, cost reduction may affect business performance of logistic companies due to high costs of maintaining resources. Therefore, the only way is to improve services, create superior performance and sustain it.

Analysis of the company’s superior performance Competitive analysis

Five forces

Threats of new entrants

Logistic business relies on economies of scale. Thus, most firms aim at expanding their local operations and acquire small firms. Success and superior performance in the freight industry requires extensive networks and distribution centres (Porter, 1998). This implies that FedEx must possess highly reliable delivery facilities like vans, planes, trucks, and other means of delivering large cargo like trains and ships.

FedEx has created superior performance in overnight delivery business. On the other hand, its competitor like UPS has conquered the ground delivery business. Rivalry in the field has created conditions that ensure that main players like FedEx, UPS, and DHL diversify their services in order to provide value for customers and create superior performance. Such companies strive to create a one-stop shop for their customers.

FedEx and other players have reduced chances of new entrants. Any new entrant shall not pose serious threats as to FedEx as the company already has established competitive positions in all segments of the transportation business. FedEx has created a strong brand in the last few decades characterised by performance and achievements. Thus, any new entrant must struggle to build a brand name and have a share of the market.

We will write a custom Essay on FedEx specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More FedEx took time to educate its customers about overnight delivery services and benefits of package deliveries. FedEx has established long-term business relationship with international companies such as McDonald’s, and Home Depot among others. FedEx also gets contracts from the government. The US government agencies have established confidence in FedEx to hand highly sensitive and hazardous deliveries. This can present challenges to new entrants who may have challenges establishing such high level of confidence.

FedEx also uses its brand name to enhance both domestic and regional business. It has take advantages of trade agreements and favourable trade regulations so as to position itself as regional solution for packages delivery. This means any new entrant will face strong opposition from established giants. For instance, when DHL acquired Airborne in order to challenge express delivery companies of the US, it met strong oppositions from UPS and FedEx.

Rivalry

Rivalry among competitors tightens as a result of reducing demands of products, increasing numbers of competitors, decline of the industry growth, fixed cost, as well as increasing costs of exiting the industry. FedEx rivals, in the delivery industry, include DHL, UPS, and TNT.

FedEx penetrated the market in the US and ruled the parcel delivery consequently leading in the international market. In 1984, FedEx extended its operations to Asia-Pacific after a successful acquisition of Gelco Express International. Afterwards, FedEx utilised the strategy of taking opportunities of the existing international transportation companies to outstretch its international business as in the case of 1989 when it acquired Flying Tigers.

This came with challenges as FedEx had to integrate local companies and strive to come with excellent international routes. In addition, FedEx had to develop trucking solutions in Europe and embrace changes of the international environment. In the quest of achieving profitable sale, FedEx applied the strategy of subsidizing its international business. As a result, its entry to international business resulted to massive losses in the early 1990s.

DHL thrives in the international transportation business and supply chain management, a fact that makes it the key rival of FedEx. The time when FedEx concentrated on seizing domestic market, DHL took this opportunity to dominate the international market. Therefore, by 1980 it had the largest share of customer internationally. In 1983, DHL penetrated the Chinese market. Consequently, it became the first express transportation company in China.

This prompted it to liaise with airlines and freight companies. It invested on air fleet and by 2003 acquired Airborne Express. The successful investments on different forms of transportation, and penetrating the international market, make rivalry between FedEx and DHL intense.

UPS is another competitor of FedEx in the domestic market in the US. It is fast overtaking FedEx because of its aggressiveness in bracing itself for the challenges in the industry. In 1985, it successfully launched its air service operating between US and six European countries.

Not sure if you can write a paper on FedEx by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The peak was in 1990 when the UPS managed deliveries of packages and documents to over 175 countries. TNT is also a possible competitor of FedEx. TNT offers similar services to those of FedEx, but the only hindrance is that the rivalry is not on a global scale as TNT operations are no longer in the US market (Charles and Gareth, 2004).

Irrespective of this rivalry, FedEx has managed to achieve economies of scale before its competitors due to its pioneering strategies as e-transactions, logistics related solutions, and supply chain even though they do not match new developments, inexpensive and powerful technologies that their competitors utilise to match FedEx standards.

Pressure from substitute products

Substitutes penetrate the market with the sole intention of making the customer switch from the product that dominates the market. Major substitute threats for FedEx include the Internet. Internet providers enlighten people on the benefits associated with the use of emails, document digitization and online forms.

Firms also embrace the idea of online digital signatures for the sake of time and money saving and institutions like banks check accounts online. These technological advancements prompt people to substitute their paperwork with digital advancements.

Massive usages of email and facsimile resulted to a drastic reduction of the industry volume. However, the only issue that may favour these companies is security as not all information especially the sensitive type can be sent through email. However, threats reduce due to factors like slow speed, insecurity, and unreliability.

In order to overcome challenges of substitutes, FedEx has embraced latest technology, for instance utilising the Internet in provisions of some services. FedEx has aggressively improved aircraft and shipping facilities to international standards, a factor that makes it impossible for any threatening substitute to match FedEx’s standards (MacKerron, Cowe and Milliken, 2009).

Bargaining power of buyers

Buyers get power from their high levels of concentration, or when they are few or in cases where product differentiation among organisations is not clear (Gonrig, 2008). The three firms are in stiff competition in the transportation industry for provisions of excellent delivery services that call for attention from prominent companies, especially after business expansion into international markets. In addition, the e-commerce has thrived.

Therefore, these logistic firms must show their potential in the delivery of products around the globe. At this stage, FedEx comes in handy in solving customers’ issues. FedEx’s competitors provide similar products at almost the same prices. Therefore, it has adopted a strategy by creating value-added services for the sake of differentiating its services from those of the competitors.

Potential customers worldwide have preference for their delivery providers. They do not rely on a single service provider and have the advantage of going for cheap providers. Therefore, FedEx considers this and puts efforts to achieve economic sales via penetrating the global market as well as decreasing the cost of operation so as to offer considerable prices. Therefore, FedEx has embraced medium bargaining power.

Bargaining power of suppliers

When there is an absence of substitutes in the market, or when there is a low concentration of suppliers, suppliers take advantages of increasing the prices of goods and services. In addition, suppliers have the ultimate say in their prices.

FedEx relies heavily on different suppliers, ranging from companies supplying fuel, shipping materials producers, airport, airplane and vehicle manufacturers. Less concentration of the fuel companies in the market and inadequate substitute for fuel give the fuel suppliers advantage of strong bargaining power. In addition, the FedEx’s profitability at times is unpredictable due to fluctuating fuel prices.

However, suppliers of packaging materials such as plastics and boxes, have less bargaining power. This result from the availability of substitute products and shifting cost reflected is negligible to FedEx’s total expenses. In the vehicle industry, FedEx gets the advantage of strong bargaining power as vehicle manufacturers are many and it does not depend on one manufacturer. In the aircraft and train industries, oligopoly gives the suppliers strong bargaining power as there exists limited manufacturers (Porter, 1998).

Value Chain

For FedEx to add value to its services and goods, its activities ought to operate at the optimum level for the company to achieve real competitive benefits. FedEx value chain begins with pickups of packages. The employers collect the packages at designated points such as residences and businesses.

They create value through ensuring package pickups take place anytime and anywhere. These create value through assurance of timely delivery. After package collection, FedEx secures them in a hub. Here, sorting of packages according to their destination takes place. The packages pass through a chain of hand to their final destination. From the hub, the packages head to their destination through trucks or plane.

FedEx ensures that deliveries of packages are at professional levels and in turn wins customers trusts and create great value. For achievements of perceived values, FedEx drivers carry out their duties efficiently. They strive to ensure that packages get to their destinations on time regardless of experienced hitches. This increases positive value for the company (Sand, 2010).

The final activity of delivery is customer service. This service entails after sales support. FedEx role in this is to provide support to their customers in tracing their packages while still in route. Such support enables customers monitor the status of their packages in transit. Such activities of FedEx exhibit extreme value for their customers (Barney, 1997).

Success in achievement of these values emanates from support activities of the company‘s infrastructure e.g. storage buildings, trucks, planes among others. Another support system that adds value to the services is the Internet services that FedEx offers to aid customer track their packages on transit online. Human resource and material management team as well support all the primary activities to function smoothly.

FedEx has managed to conquer the industry because of utilisation of information system and its competitive infrastructure that many competitors lack. FedEx has technological capabilities to track its customers’ packages during transit. The service saves the company time and money. Its competitors offer numbers that customers use to track their packages. This is an engagement that presents a challenge to customers.

FedEx’s fleets of vehicles, aeroplanes and human resources contribute to its massive infrastructures. These infrastructures facilitate success in FedEx delivery of services. They also consider the importance of time in deliveries of packages.

FedEx’s Business Level Strategy The company’s strengths, in terms of technical know-how in logistics, technology, and innovation, put it in a position to pursue differentiation strategy at the business level. Customers and competitors know FedEx for provisions of high levels of services that are almost impossible to imitate and match.

Industry analysts know FedEx as an innovative company with a strong orientation towards high levels of service provisions. Consequently, such high levels of services translate to high charges. FedEx prices are usually higher than most of its competitors. Most customers consider such charges premium and believe that they will get the same value of services worth their payments. The company has been able to differentiate its standard of quality services from its competitors (Grant, 2005).

The company aims at establishing strong customers’ base through differentiation and provisions of superior services than its competitors. We must recognise that all logistic firms have the capacity to deliver packages. However, FedEx has differentiated itself as customer-friendly. Thus, the company has extensive support system, home deliveries, and money back guarantee approaches. These are what distinguish FedEx from its rivals.

Differentiation in the transport industry is not simple. Customers of today tend to be cost sensitive and would like to get value for less pay. Different in costs means customers may not have brand loyalty. Most customers do not know technical know-how of FedEx or how their technology is superior for managing the chain.

A typical customer will only consider costs and safe deliver of his or her packages. This implies that typical consumers may not opt for quality services, but rather consider affordability of services. Therefore, FedEx must find ways of differentiating itself from its main rivals and offer superior services. This enhances superior performance of the company. Sustaining superior performance will enable many customers pay for premium services of FedEx.

FedEx business level strategy for superior performance also targets customers’ needs. FedEx has understood the needs of its customers. Consequently, the company has established different branches of business, namely FedEx Ground, FedEx Trade Networks, FedEx Express, FedEx Custom Critical, FedEx Supply Chain Services, and FedEx Freight.

The company has created such segments in order to target certain customers depending on their diverse needs. This differentiation strategy enables FedEx to cater for all the needs of most customers. Targeting different customers with different services enables FedEx to offer superior services and create superior performance.

FedEx has segmented its market according to its customers’ needs. Segmentation strategy aims at creating superior services, products, and advanced provisions of services to customers. FedEx different segments operate independently but represent the company in terms of its values and efforts of creating superior services. Segmentation in different units provides each unit with a chance to concentrate on its own target market and offer superior services. This makes FedEx a specialised company.

FedEx Express is the busiest as it offers speedy delivery of packages based on the money back guarantee strategy. This enables customers to have confidence in the company. On the other hand, FedEx Ground mainly concentrates on small packages delivered to small business.

This segment derives its strength from satisfying the needs of customers who need quick deliver within a short distance. It almost works like FedEx Home Delivery services. FedEx Freight covers mainly heavy packages of over 150 pounds. The company restricts such services to regional deliveries within the US continent. This segment also delivers packages that have flexible delivery schedules. FedEx Custom caters for a small market segment due to the nature of packages it handles.

These are mainly products and packages that require special care and attention during transportation. FedEx has specially equipped transportation resources to cater for such customers. FedEx Trade Networks offers services to international destinations. The company last segment is FedEx Supply Chain services that track movement of parcel so as to enhance safe delivery and ensure customers satisfaction.

We can posit that FedEx uses the needs of its customers to segment its markets, and in turn, it offers superior services and products. FedEx Express and FedEx Ground are responsible for most operation of the company and its profits.

The two segments generate nearly $ 14 billion annually in terms of revenues. It is FedEx Express that has been responsible for creating superior services and customers’ satisfaction. Customers view superior level of performance in terms of express delivery and money back guarantee. This means that FedEx Express must deliver such packages.

FedEx has also adopted differentiation in quality in order to create a superior level of performance for its stakeholders. The company has invested enormous amounts of resources in order to keep its promise to its customers. This has enhanced its international operation among its rivals. The company has extensive organisation of units using its advanced logistic technology and know-how. This ensures that there is a smooth flow and delivery of packages.

This enables the company to deliver high quality services that satisfy its customers. FedEx has been able to create such a level of superior performance based on its customers’ responsiveness and innovation in terms of services and products.

The company has package tracking systems, efficient support functions, special package handling systems, hub coordination, and logistic supports. Provisions of these services have enabled FedEx offer superior services relative to those of their competitors and in turn achieve a high level of superior performance.

FedEx has competence in the transportation industry. Competence enables the company to offer competitive products and services to challenge those of its main rivals. The company derives its competence from its human resources and cutting edge technology. In addition, FedEx has facilities like fleets of aircraft that guarantee safe and timely delivery of cargos. The company’s commitment to customers is outstanding.

FedEx aims at creating superior customer services using its innovation and technology. The company has been collaborating with the local universities so as to improve its technological capabilities. FedEx competence and technological position are the driving force behind claims of international market shares.

Technological superiority for superior performance Most customers know that FedEx is a leader in using technology in logistic business. In fact, FedEx was the first company to use technology in the logistic market (Powership system). Poweship was not effective. It could only store addresses and airways bills, and track packages.

The system relied on telephone lines for connectivity. However, this changed with the new era of technology. The company adopted many automated solutions to for its shipping business. The company combined such technology with its intranet and business solutions (Hitt, Ireland and Hoskisson, 2008).

FedEx has been able to adapt its systems to serve the global market. The company has created superior performance through relying on the power of online opportunities (Gerstein and Reisman, 1982). In order to serve the international market well, the company website has multiple languages option to choose. FedEx customers can register online, estimate their shipping costs, prepare airways bills, and avail the necessary document needed. This system has capabilities of handling the entire supply chain of FedEx (Porter, 1998).

The company uses the latest technology so as to enhance sorting and labelling of packages, label readers, and automated conveyor belt systems. Adoption of technology has enabled FedEx improve efficiency, lessen human errors, and enhance sorting of packages. Consequently, the company has been able to provide superior services and maintain superior performance in the industry (Charnovich, 2009).

School Strategy FedEx Culture and HR Practices

We look at culture and HR practices of FedEx at the micro level. This gives an insight into how the company has created superior performance using its human resources and cultivated organisational culture to support its operation (Bettinger, 1989).

FedEx strives to create a high performance culture so as to offer superior customer services and values. The company has created a workplace condition based on loyalty of its employees. The company believes in value and diversity of its workforce. This enables employees to contribute and grow their careers.

This is a significant step towards employees’ inclusion into organisational culture of FedEx (Olson, 2011). Consequently, FedEx workforce derives a sense of pride working for the organisation. In turn, they deliver superior services to their customers.

HR Practices

FedEx is a service company that depends on its human resources for delivering values to its customers. The company hires the right people, trains and leads them with required skills for the job. These practices aim at creating a workforce that is capable of responding to customers’ needs. FedEx believes that only a well trained workforce can deliver superior performance to customers. The company hopes for repeat businesses from its satisfied customers (MacMillan, 2012).

FedEx has reward programmes for its employees. The company recognise unique contribution of its employees and reward them accordingly. It has a reward system known as Bravo Zulu Voucher Program. In fact, nearly 50 percent of the company’s spending caters for workforce pay and benefits. FedEx has created a culture system that recognises individuals’ efforts, generation of fresh ideas, enhanced excellence performance, and teamwork. The reward and compensation system at FedEx recognises such factors (FedEx, 2012).

FedEx also aims at creating a favourable environment for its employees’ individual growth and progress. The company has developed a human resource system (PRISM) that caters for all applicants and recruits. Thus, maintaining personal data of every staff is a central point for superior performance on FedEx. This is because the system has capabilities of posting, testing, and monitoring growth of every employee (Haid and Sims, 2009).

FedEx has Survey Feedback Action (SFA). This is mainly for internal operation of the company that helps the management decide on promotion, evaluation of performance, and workforce’s attitude towards new policies.

The company aims at enhancing communications between its management team and other employees. Employees have opportunities of expressing their opinions freely regarding the company’s policies. FedEx also has an open door policy that ensures that the company handles employees’ issues to acceptable standards (Thomas, Harburg and Dutra, 2007).

FedEx also uses employment retention to enhance the company performance. Employee retention has become a core part of HR policies in FedEx. The company believes that it is less expensive to retain its existing staff than finding new workforce. FedEx employees’ turnover rate is relatively low at six percent compared to the industry rate of 20 percent.

FedEx offers benefits under different programmes such as education, performance, healthcare, and insurance among others as ways of keeping employees satisfied and retain them (Gonrig, 2008). This promotes performance and reputation of the company (Harter, Schmidt and Hayes, 2002).

Conclusion Since its inception, FedEx has transformed the industry of express delivery services. This has been possible due to sustained superior performance over the years. The company has relied on its human resources and policies so as to change and set the pace for other companies.

FedEx has recognised its employees through its various ways of HR practices and employees benefits. Consequently, employees have been able to deliver superior services to customers. Thus, the company has recognised that creating, delivering, and sustaining superior performance starts with employees’ satisfaction.

FedEx has also used its resources to create a strong brand in the US market. Customers know the company for overnight deliveries, efficiency, and excellence customer responsiveness. Transportation industry is dynamic, and there also always five forces and technological innovations that threaten the existence of any company. This implies that FedEx must carry out extensive investments in order to enhance its services and sustain superior performance.

Creating and maintain superior performance is not an easy task. Legendary company like FedEx has managed to do so. The company relies on its technical know-how, and technological innovations to create superior products and offer superior services to customers. FedEx systems track packages handling and in turn provide the needed value to customers. Technology has enabled the company offer additional value enhancing services.

Market segmentation and differentiation are also factors that have enabled the company offer superior services. For instance, FedEx has created different units in order to offer superior products to different market segments depending on the urgency, location, and type of package. The company has specialised in different areas for excellence performance and satisfaction of its customers. This approach does not only ensure superior services delivery, but also ensure increased revenue for the company.

Most customers consider FedEx services as premium due to high costs than its competitors. However, the company believes that it delivers value and superior customers services to match such costs.

Reference List Barney, J 1997 Gaining and sustaining competitive advantage, University of Michigan Press, Michigan.

Bettinger, C 1989, ‘Use Corporate Culture to Trigger High Performance’, Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 38-42.

Business Services Industry 2002, ‘Shippers Honor FedEx for Superior Performance’, Business Services Industry, vol. 1 no. 1, pp. 1-2.

Charles, H and Gareth, J 2004, Strategic Management Theory, 6th edn, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Charnovich, J 2009, ‘How to Maximize Technology ROI and Create and Lead Superior IT Performance’, TecExecs , pp. 1-2.

FedEx 2012, Compensation and Rewards. Web.

FedEx 2011, FedEx Annual Report 2011, FedEx, Memphis, TN.

Gerstein, M and Reisman, H 1982, ‘Creating competitive advantage with computer technology’, The Journal of business strategy, vol. 3, no.1, pp. 53-60.

Gonrig, M 2008, ‘Customer loyalty and Employee Engagement: An Alignment For Value’, Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 29, pp. 29-40.

Grant, RM 2005, Contemporary Strategy Analysis, Blackwell Pub, Hoboken, New Jersey.

Haid, M and Sims, J 2009, Employee Engagement: Maximizing Organizational Performance’, Leaders Insight, vol. 6100, no. 5, pp. 1-25.

Harter, J, Schmidt, F and Hayes, T 2002, ‘Business-Unit-Level Relationship Between Employee Satisfaction, Employee Engagement, and Business Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis’, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 87, pp. 268-279.

Hitt, M, Ireland, D and Hoskisson, R 2008, Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization: Concepts

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Language Acquisition in School Going Children Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Stages in language acquisition

Similarities

Differences

Conclusion

References

Introduction Language is described as a code that is socially shared or a conventional structure of communication that is governed by rules. Language is an in borne tendency as individuals are born with tendencies to develop sounds through cognitive and mental ability. Language acquisition occurs in early developmental stages of a person.

Instead of learning language rules and syntaxes, children obtain language behavior. They learn how to use language to define, operate or explore the world around them. Their main reason for learning language is to express their intentions, describe items and make others perform actions especially in their favor (IPEK, 2009).

This is acquired through exposure to the environment that provides language expressions and non-verbal inputs like waving and signaling. Hence, language acquisition is characterized by interaction of children with the larger community, learning with no tuition being offered as well as exhibiting traits of the community’s language.

Stages in language acquisition There are five language acquisition stages. First is the pre-linguistic period. This is the period in which the child acquires the first language. It occurs between six to nine months of age and lasts till the tenth to thirteenth month. During this stage, the child responds to the environment but cannot express himself. It is characterized by production of certain sounds, an action referred to as cooing.

The infant uses the phonemes of not only what will be their first language but all phonemes in general (IPEK, 2009). Phonemes are the smallest significant sound components that can be distinguished in a language. For example, an infant whose first language is English would be heard making such sounds as “aaaa”, “mmmm” or “tttt”.

The second language development stage is bubbling. This stage is characterized by production of vowels and syllables which are strung together. Usually the infant does this with no communication intentions. This stage occurs around nine months of age. During this stage, the child begins to use phonemes from his native language. For example, an infant may begin producing such sounds as “TI”, “YU” or “NO”

The third language acquisition stage is holophrastic stage. Holophrastic is derived from the term holo-phrase which is the use of one word to represent an entire thought or meaningful sentence. During this stage, an infant learns to use one word to pass a message (Lightbown

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All papers will follow similar directions. Don’t plagiarize. If you’d like even more details for how to write a philosophy paper, here’s a very helpful link: http://www.sfu.ca/philosophy/resources/wr a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Don’t plagiarize. If you’d like even more details for how to write a philosophy paper, here’s a very helpful link:http://www.sfu.ca/philosophy/resources/writing.htmlHere are your directions:The final draft will be 4 full pages.Write an intro with three sentences or less. One sentence must be your thesis. A thesis is “a specific point that you are trying to establish – something that you are trying to convince the reader to accept”. The thesis is also your conclusion, and your job will be to defend the thesis. The entire point of the intro paragraph in a philosophical paper is simply to present your thesis. For this paper, you have two options, Innate Ideas are true or they’re not. Your thesis statement also needs to state the fundamental reason(s) that make(s) you correct. A good thesis statement awards 20 points.After stating your thesis, you will need to immediately define your terms. This is absolutely the most fundamental problem in most arguments: no one knows what people are really talking about. You will describe Descartes/Socrates’ philosophy as they describe it, then explain it in your own words. Include examples. Good description awards 40 points.Now that your topic has been well described, you can argue. You will be evaluating the claims of Socrates and Descartes, and supporting whatever reasons you’ve given for your claim. Support can be all sorts of things, but in general, the supports should be more obviously true to help walk the reader to the truth of your thesis. Do not use a shotgun approach to argument, where you take a thousand little reasons and hope they are strongest. The simple argument is the strongest, and you should build up to your conclusion from a strong foundation. Good argumentative form awards 20 points.The next step is done for both integrity and logic. You’ll need to respond to objections and offer concessions. This means you have to anticipate a point of disagreement and address it immediately. This strengthens your reasons for your position. In a full book, you would address any and all possible objections, but I really only need you to pick one or two that you think are most common. Good objection anticipation awards 20 points.If you would like, you may have a concluding paragraph to summarize everything, but honestly, philosophical papers don’t always need these. Do whatever makes you feel comfortable.Don’t plagiarize. Don’t even get close. Put quotes on anything that needs quotes. Use the feedback.

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After, reading all three articles for Week Five, please point to one aspect of EACH article that you found be essay help free

After, reading all three articles for Week Five, please point to one aspect of EACH article that you found be of interest and explain why. Be sure to fully elaborate and discuss how this particular aspect of the article furthers our understanding of terrorism and political violence. It must be evident that you have carefully read and reflected upon all three articles. Next, as you know, even the best articles that are published in peer-reviewed journals are never perfect and lend themselves to constructive criticism. Please identify one weakness, shortcoming, or possible area that could have been elaborated or expanded upon in EACH of the three articles. It must be evident that you have given considerable thought to each aspect of the above discussion assignment. You must also pose a critical thinking question to your classmates.

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For this assignment: 1.) Create a PowerPoint presentation on the causes and risk factors of Osteoporosis. 2.) Make this presentation essay help free: essay help free

For this assignment: 1.) Create a PowerPoint presentation on the causes and risk factors of Osteoporosis. 2.) Make this presentation for an audience of 4th – 6th graders. 3.) Requirements: Title slide, introduction, the body of information, conclusions. 4.) Main requirement: It must be created in a way to interest the 4th – 6th graders and keep their attention. 5.) On the very last slide answer the following question: Why have I asked you to create a presentation for 4th – 6th graders? Note from your instructor: 4th-6th graders likely appreciate presentations that place emphasis on graphics and will likely tune out presentations that are mostly words. Please keep this in mind when creating your presentation. Please include a works cited slide (or slides) at the end of your presentation OR cite your sources in APA format at the bottom of the slides in which the information appears (make the references small, but readable).

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Use my quantitative design with my research questions to develop a qualitative design now. My quantitative design is attached and Essay scholarship essay help

Use my quantitative design with my research questions to develop a qualitative design now. My quantitative design is attached and the directions are listed here. Let me know if you have any questions! Assignment 9 details with developing a qualitative research design for your area of inters. Copy and paste your research purpose statement and research question(s) at the beginning of this assignment. Make sure all the elements are aligned. You need to include the following sections in your assignment. Some of the elements are similar to what was done with the quantitative design. 1. A description of the context and participants What is the setting for the research? What should we know about this setting? Describe the characteristics of the research setting. What is the population? How many participants will you need/expect to have? What criteria will you use to select your participants (i.e., the sampling strategy)? Provide basic demographic information (e.g., gender and ethnicity group) to describe the proposed sample. Or state you will obtain relevant information later. Resources to consider: I highly encourage you to take a look at dissertations! These will provide some of the best descriptions of these sections. Check our sample proposals. You can look for dissertations online that focus on qualitative methodology (https://guides.library.sc.edu/c.php?g=410160

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will create a poster 22×28 inches or a tri-fold 36×48 inches. See all the instructions when you look at the assignment in this folder. You can also create a poster throught Powerpoint. I will upload a blank one where you can fill in the boxes but it may take you a little while so do not wait until the due date if you decide on this option. essay help

You will create a poster 22×28 inches or a tri-fold 36×48 inches. On your posterboard you will display a variety of different media platforms. If those platforms have a known icon you can use those icons on your board. You should give a discription of the platform and how it is used. You will need an introduction paragraph to media and how mass media effects society (see chapter 6). You will need to discuss one or more sociological perspectives in your poster and what it says about media. You will also need a conclusion paragraph. You should have your Title at the top, Name/class/date at the bottom and a section listing your references. I will include a drawn picture of what your poster should look like. **There is another option to create your poster. This may work better for online students. I will upload a blank Poster from PowerPoint. It has your boxes and basic instructions within each box. It has been formatted already so you will only need to insert your information and you can choose your font and font size to accommadate your information. I will also include a video on how to make a PowerPoint poster. Just realize most of it is already done for you. You do not have to do everything in the video as you are not presenting your work at a conference.** Ideas of things to discuss: (You do not have to use all of these and you are welcome to discuss any other ideas related to media. These are some suggestions that you can use within your poster) Media’s global reach The right to privacy Cultural lag digital divide Cultural convergence Hyperconsumerism Social capital Gatekeeping Questions to consider: (You do not have to answer all or any of these. They are just food for thought to help you think out the assignment) What are the implications of the pervasiveness of media? How does the functionalist perspective consider the role of media in society? How is media an enforcer of social norms? What are the problems that feminists believe arise from media portrayal of women? Discuss the main concerns surrounding online media growth and the right to privacy

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to will an interdisciplinary paper in which I identify, research, and analyze a problem or, issue related to the theme of social media, technology, and digital lives and tackle it from the perspectives of 2 disciplines. The paper will synthesize your findings and offer insight into possible solutions. writing essay help: writing essay help

-10-12 pages -You need 6 sources total to support your arguments. (2 scholarly sources from 1 discipline, 2 scholarly sources from another discipline, and 2 other credible sources) (see guidelines for the research summary for further details on the sources: ) -MLA format: 1” margins; double-spaced; Times New Roman 12 pt; no cover page; first page has your name, my name, the course number, and the date in the left-hand corner -Microsoft Word or RTF format only (I cannot open .pages) -Proper grammar, spelling, and syntax are a must -Works Cited page in MLA format with proper citation throughout the paper. I use Turnitin and other tools to check for plagiarism.

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Business planning assessment 2 college essay help

See attachments. Please note, I have also attached the previous order of this assessment by your colleague, which was marked as failed.

Q7 not a good answers that not how you support employee to give more work. Answers includes Provide appropriate training • Identify how the employee can be motivated • Sharing ideas with the employee to overcome • Create performance goal Q.7 Method of consultation should be meeting, Open forum, workshop, exchange letter

Q4. Wrong calculation. Not sure where you found those data. You need to do it from the given table in q. 4. Q4b,c and d answer will be based on the calculation from Q4a Q5. You did not follow the email writing structure and in the email content should the the sales and variance report from

Q4a,b,c,d Q5 Q6

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Strengths and Weaknesses of Observational Study Designs college application essay help: college application essay help

Begin your one- to two-page entry by summarizing the strengths and weaknesses of the following various types of observational study designs: ecologic, cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort. Next, think about how these strengths and weaknesses will play into studies about your Final Paper’s topic. Tell your instructor about which studies or combinations of studies you anticipate relying upon.
You can pick any topic. Please try to use Friis, R. H.

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Greece Economic Crisis Effect on the Rest of the World Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Discussion

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The economic crisis in Greece has not only affected the country but the whole European Union region and the world. Greece is one of the smallest countries in the European, but this has not made its effect on the European Union any less. The cause of the economic crisis is due to the continuous extensive spending by the government resulting to rise of the nation’s debt.

This has left it greatly exposed to a financial crisis as a result of reckless borrowing and great expenditure levels. In 2008, Greece’s percentage debt to its Gross Domestic Product was 110.7% and this increased to 142.8% by the year 2010. The nation’s economy is thus in danger compared to the normal 85.3% debt in the other Euro zones.

It is evident that the country’s financial issue is not only of interest to government heads but also private individuals and corporations in other nations. Every nation in the EU region is now affected by the financial crisis in Greece because they have to spend on bailing it out.

As a result, the financial crisis has transpired into the world’s economy. Research has shown that the effect the financial crises has had varies in different nations. This paper will discuss how the economic crisis in Greece is affecting the rest of the world.

Discussion Greece struggle with a substantial debt load persists to affect the rest of the world. As the financial crisis in this country persists, it is experiencing a 16.3% rise in joblessness and a dramatic decrease in revenues (Madslien). Other effects of this financial crisis to the Greeks include the lack of pay increments, higher taxes, increased fuel prices, and increased retirement age.

The financial crisis in Greece has made many investors apprehensive about buying the government bonds being issued. As a result, interest charges are increasing as governments are forced to pay a larger risk premium. For instance, it is anticipated that due to this financial crisis, the Central bank in Europe will increase its interest rates up to 1.5% (Madslien).

European citizens are facing the problem of increased age retirement because of the financial crisis. Tax costs in the European region have been increased in an attempt to cover the financial cost of the crisis.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a EU country Greece expects the rest of the EU members to bail it out and this has resulted in an increase in cost of living in these countries. The countries have been forced to increase their taxes and this has weighed on badly on their citizens.

Another effect the economic crisis in Greece to the rest of the world has been wealth reduction. In this regard, the net income of many people has greatly reduced as they are forced to pay large amounts in taxes. The fact that retirement age has increased has led to low salaries due to shrinking pensions.

Pension funds invest the pensioner’s money in stock markets, and since this has been affected by the crisis, the wealth of the pensioner is greatly reduced. Pension funds in the private sector are also having difficulties in making up for deficits in their income plans due to the diminishing asset values. The issue of wealth reduction has been heavily realized in nations such as Ireland, Portugal and Spain.

This crisis has also led to a slow economic recovery among many nations. This is due to lack of anticipations of any marked return in business ventures. For instance, due to the crisis, the economic development in the Euro zone has slowed by 0.3% to 0.4%. This has prolonged the suffering of the jobless since job creation has become slower compared to the times when this crisis was absent.

By now, the Euro zone redundancy rate is about 10% with Spain having 20% unemployment rate. The people who are employed find it difficult to negotiate for pay increases because they are scared of losing their current jobs and being jobless. Financial experts have predicted that salaries will remain the same and some will be reduced in the coming years if the financial crisis escalates.

The crisis has led to increased unemployment levels. Because of this, demand for goods produced by companies has fallen as people are having less money to spend. With a dwindling market, corporations have decreased their capital ventures in preparation for riding out the economic burden.

It is, therefore, clear that in an environment of reasonable demand and low competence in use rates, then there is no prospect of any remarkable proceeds in investment (Madslien).

We will write a custom Essay on Greece Economic Crisis Effect on the Rest of the World specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another effect of the crisis is seen in the currency moves. The virtual fall down of Greece’s economy has affected the European Union. This is because all the nations in Europe use the same currency hence deteriorating the Euro dramatically. owing to Euro deterioration, the dollar has sequentially strengthened. The weakening of the Euro currency has led to larger interest rates and loan costs in the continent.

This has affected the capacity of other European nations to move away from their own financial downturns. For instance, Italy and Belgium have above 100% debt levels and this shows how the Greece’s problem has potentially extended to other nations.

Finally, the fact that the crisis has made the Euro to fall alongside other currencies is advantageous to exporters in the euro zone since it makes the goods they sell overseas cheaper, leading to high demand. As a result, exporters have started recruiting more persons and investing more in buying production machines.

This has had a direct effect on the U.S since the cost of exports has increased hence restricting exportation. Since exports are vital for stimulating economic development as well as assisting nations to pull out of their own recessions, then this has offered a major impediment to any economic recovery.

Conclusion As the Greek financial burden now approaches its fourth year, the world is watching how the country deals with its economic crisis. Since this country’s financial problem is international, then there is need for involvement by the outside world. Today, the world is struggling to come up with a solution to this financial burden.

Several packages and answers to this dilemma have been formulated but the world has to wait and see how the packages help in solving the crisis. Some people trust that a default is unavoidable and would have a domino effect on the financial organizations and nations in the world.

As a result, people outside Europe should be concerned about the economic crisis in Greece, as it will affect most if not all the countries in the world. In addition, they too are suffering from slower wage augmentation, increasing taxes and increasing retirement ages.

Works Cited Madslien, Jorn. Why Greece’s problems matter. BBC News, Thursday, 11 February 2010. Web. .

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E-Recruiting Report college admission essay help

Table of Contents Abstract

Introduction

Definition

Factors that prompted the advent of e-recruitment

Strengths associated with e-recruitment

Weaknesses that come with e-recruitment

Conclusion

Referencing

Abstract Human resource has turned out to be one of the key assets for any organization or institution. With a lot of emphasis being human resource, it has become necessary for each and every organization to find ways that can afford them quality and effective recruitment solutions at an affordable rate.

This is where e-recruitment comes in since the internet is no longer a fad; it has now become very potent and effective tool that every organization can use to gain a competitive edge over its competitors.

The purpose of this paper is to explore the factors that prompted the advent of e-recruitment. Conventional methods of recruitment consumed a lot of time and were paper intensive. A better mode of recruitment, one that took less time, lightened the workload, effective yet affordable had to be invented hence the emergence of e-recruitment.

This paper will also analyze the strengths and weaknesses associated with e-recruitment. E-recruitment is at nascent and with time it will become the mainstay for almost every organization. Ways of improving the process of e-recruitment are explored in this paper.

Introduction Modes of recruiting have changed significantly over the past years. Various challenges that firms had to contend with while conducting the recruitment process are largely responsible for the dramatic changes being witnessed in the recruitment landscape. Various firms are finding it hard to get qualified applicants for positions that are usually hard to fill.

This is compounded by the fact that attracting a specialized group of applicants has also proved to be a daunting task. Thus these predicaments prompted the development of e-recruitment whereby technological advances aided in the expedition of the development of e-recruitment (Bondarouk

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Formal Curriculum Essay essay help: essay help

Formal education can be described as what students should learn that has been laid down by the syllabus (Urevbu, 1985). As a result, it can be referred to as the publicly chosen body of knowledge that the government, via the Ministry of Education, by subject matter institutes, or regional education authorities, or whichever body is concerned with offering education, would like students to learn.

The formal curriculum, also called official curriculum, is the curriculum that is not only written, but also published such as course documentation (McKimm, 2003).

According to the University of Zimbabwe Distance Education (1995), a formal curriculum refers to the entire work that is planned and used by teachers in conjunction with students.

The formal curriculum is intended to fulfill specified objectives of education of recognized groups of students or learners in their changeable settings. In other words, formal curriculum can be said to be chosen written courses or programs that students experience.

Informal Curriculum According to Urevbu (1985), informal curriculum refers to the curriculum in use. In view of the fact that instructors or teachers may not be able to stick on to the offered formal curriculum, they can include additional features of knowledge that are usually derived from supplementary sources.

As a result, these extra materials are known as ‘informal curriculum’. According to UNESCO (1997), informal (non-formal) curriculum refers to structured and nonstop educational actions that do not characterize formal education, and may take place both inside and outside educational institutions.

A number of examples of the formal curriculum include things like lecturers’ handouts, course guides and the prospectus. On the other hand, activities such as rugby and other games events and clubs, Fresher’s week, treating Asian or female students in a different way, the different ‘ethnic groups and territories’ established in different areas of expertise, are examples of informal curriculum.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A case in point of informal curriculum is a case where a mother teaches her child basic aspects of language and grammar at home, before the child goes into a formal education institution (Eaton, 2011).

Contrasting formal and informal curricula

Formal Curriculum Informal Curriculum 1 Mostly deals with young children and adolescents Deals with people of all ages 2 Confers certification to the learning achieved May or may not award certification to the learning achieved 3 Takes place within educational institutions Can take place inside or outside educational institutions 4 In general, classrooms have the same teachers and the same students every day. Generally, the programs are usually drop-in. as a result attendance and leadership are not consistent. 5 In most cases, classroom activities go on for a number of days. In most cases the programs are required to bring to an end each day’s activity since a different group of participants could be in attendance the following day. 6 It can be assumed teachers or instructors have undergone a specified level of training in classroom management, educational philosophy, effective teaching strategies, and content. In contrast, informal curriculum providers have varied levels of experience and knowledge of teaching methods, group management, and expertise in content. 7 Teachers and instructors are required to meet certain educational standards. In addition, they must follow a particular curriculum. As a result, it is difficult for them to slot in nontraditional content. On the contrary, informal programs are more flexible as regards their content. 8 It is predictable and can be controlled One cannot predict or preemptively have power over this kind of curriculum. It is very idiosyncratic and unpredictable. Source: Enhancing education, 2002.

References Eaton, S.E. (2011). Family Literacy and the New Canadian: Formal, Non-Formal and Informal Learning: The Case of Literacy, Essential Skills and Language Learning in Canada, National Metropolis Conference, Vancouver, B.C.

Enhancing education. (2002). Formal vs. Informal Education. Web.

Marshall, K. (2004). Let’s clarify the way we use the word “curriculum.” Education Week, 24(1), 43.

McKimm, J. (2003). Curriculum design and development. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on Formal Curriculum specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More UNESCO. (1997). International standard classification of education ISCED 1997. Paris: UNESCO.

University of Zimbabwe. (1995). Curriculum Implementation,Change and Innovation. Harare: Centre for Distance Education, University of Zimbabwe.

Urevbu, A.O. (1985). Curriculum Studies. Ikeja: Longman.

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Collaborating with Families and Community Members Essay college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Importance of Family-School-Community collaborations

Importance of School-linked Programs

The Specific Stakeholders in School-Community Collaborations

Parents and Stakeholder Partnerships

Evaluating the Contributions of Parents and Stakeholders

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction School partnerships involving community and other stakeholders are an essential approach of addressing the diverse needs of the school community. Effective school administrators and principals collaborate with community members, families, and the business community to mobilize community resources in order to meet the diverse community needs and interests.

School principals should aim at establishing relationships or networks within and outside the school. Often, family conditions influence student learning in school settings. Thus, the principal should identify the resources; that is, families, community members, and business, which can support learning in the school.

An optimal approach of promoting school-community collaboration involves blending the school resources with the local community and family resources.

The collaborations encompass various community agencies and organizations including community-based organizations, civic and religious groups, libraries and local parks, businesses, individuals and post-secondary institutions within the community (Adelman,

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