Emergency Management In US Essay Argumentative Essay Help

Executive Summary After the 9-11 terrorist attack, the National Commission on Terrorism attack did an extensive investigation to look for security loopholes and address inadequacies in the intelligence community, federal and local governments (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

Although most parts of the report put a lot of emphasis on intelligence failures, some parts of the recommendations report focused on weakness about emergency response and preparedness unit.

Even though the commission paid tribute and congratulated those who helped in responding to the September 11, 2001 disaster (responders), especially the firefighters, police, and the public in general, the recommendation argued that most government units were to blame for not having an adequate plan in place to deal with emergency of such magnitude.

To help in making a secured future and planning adequately for any emergency, the 9-11 commission made three major recommendations to help in areas emergency response and preparedness. First, the commission proposed for adoption and implementation of ICS nationwide, which would be effective in coordination and communication among various units.

Secondly, the commission requested the Congress to pass a legislation that would ensure implementation of mutual aid in all states and their jurisdiction. Lastly, yet very important, the commission requested Department of Homeland security (DHS) to facilitate the implementation of ANS emergency policies in all private sectors to reduce vulnerability. This three major recommendations and others are very necessary and there implementation is good for national security.

Emergence Management After the destructive September 9, 2001terrorism attack in the US soil, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks carried out an extensive study to indentify security loopholes in order to develop a sustainable solution for safety of American citizens (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

In that attack, quite a large number of individuals (in thousands) were saved although many people lost lives in what is considered to have been caused by inefficient emergency management unit. It is argued that many people lost lives because standard emergency and safety measures were not set in place adequately.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To correct the inefficiencies indentified and ensure that such a situation would not happen in the future, the “9/11 commission” report made some recommendations to be adopted. This paper will discuss the report or recommendations prepared by National Commission on Terrorist Attack and assess whether the proposed changes were necessary and justifiable.

Discussion In general, the recommendations and changes proposed by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks (9/11 commission) were made in concern to the security issues facing the US (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

The proposals were made on the principles that, there was a need to improve and develop a national emergency squad that would be the ability to handle any form of disaster, be it natural or man-made. After the commission released its recommendations to the public, immediately, a debate rose concerning all the major changes proposed. In this paper, both the implications and consequences of implementing the proposed changes will be assessed in a careful manner.

The proposals made by the “9/11 Commission” put a lot of emphasizes on the need to develop the intelligence community of the US in an attempt to tighten security of the nation for the safety of American citizens (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). In addition to developing the intelligence unit, the commission made a number of recommendations to improve the emergency response unit so as to enhance more efficiency.

This would be made possible by adopting “use of standard modes of organization, legislation, and planning” (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).The commission concluded that actions taken by citizens, public safety personnel, and other departments in managing the “horrific event” were to be admired as they played a big role in saving human lives.

On the other hand, the commission argued that the disaster had been very intense due to poor or insufficient preparation, lack of proper organization among different units, and lack of sufficient technological capacity.

According to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks (NCTA), the horrific terrorist attack on 9/11 proved that even the strongest emergency response unit could easily be shaken if the attack is of an immense magnitude. Because of this particular crisis, the commission saw the need to improve emergency response unit both in the federal and local governments. In order to assess whether the recommendations or changes proposed were necessary, it is imperative to have an overview of the commission’s findings.

We will write a custom Essay on Emergency Management in US specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Commission’s recommendations As a measure to ensure development of a strong emergency response unit, the 9/11 commission made the following three major recommendations.

Foremost, “the emergency response agencies nationwide should adopt the Incident Command System (ICS)” (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). Where multiple security bodies are involved, the report recommended that such agencies should adopt and implement a unified command (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

The commission made specific recommendations for homeland security urging the agency to use the ICS and unified command by end of October 2004 (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). The department of homeland was urged to support the program by funding and training all its officials in accordance with ICS and Unified command procedures (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

The second major recommendation proposed by the 9/11 commission is that the congress would pass legislation to ensure there was support and cooperation in all states as a future disaster plan. The legislation to be passed was to be long-term to ensure that the adoption of public security mutual aid national wide (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

The third, yet very important recommendation targeted the private sectors and individuals. The commission proposed the application of the American National Standard Institute’s (ANSI) recommendations for private emergency preparedness (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

In a statement, the commission said, “We believe that compliance with the standard should define the standard of care owed by a company to its employees and the public for legal purposes” (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). As such, emergency preparedness in all private sectors was not an option but a requirement that would serve to protect individuals against any form of disaster.

In addition to these three recommendations, the commission also proposed a number of response strategies that would guarantee urgent situation preparedness. The report specifically requested the Congress to re-assess all existing federal emergency response resources (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). This recommendation was directed to the Congress because it has the command and power to influence all involved authorities to revise the existing policies.

Lastly, the commission urged the Congress to tighten up measures in order to re-evaluate the emergency responder and national health program. This measure was to be effected considering that the public and responders (police and emergence agencies) had experienced a number of medical problems since the 9/11 terrorist attack (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). In addition, the congress was requested to carry out regular health assessment to public sectors.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Emergency Management in US by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Analysis of the recommendations In order to assess whether the recommendations are necessary, the paper will look at each of the proposed solution one at a time.

Adoption of the Incident Command System (ICS)

According to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks (9/11 commission), an effective disaster plan can only be achieved through full implementation of ICS by all emergency response bodies. For a long time now, the Incidence Command system (ICS) has been effective and helpful in responding to different disasters in different regions and units. In reality, terrorism has been named as one of the highest forms of security hazards in the world today.

If truth be told, terrorism poses a big danger to American citizens and the entire world as well. In a situation where there is terrorism attack not only is the public at risk, but even responders are too (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). This is because other explosives resulting from the primary explosions also pose dangers to tragedy response team.

However, with the adoption of ICS, all responders are protected. Nonetheless, all safety standards must be adhered to as inadequate coordination of crucial strategies may cause of safety hazards hence posing a great danger to responders. This is the reason why training is necessary for proper implementation of the recommendations.

Is this proposal necessary?

A proposal to adopt and fully implement the Incidence Command System would facilitate internal communications (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). One major reason why 9/11 bombing was successful is that the intelligence department lacked adequate coordination and effective communication affecting emergency response (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

With application of ICS, it easy to overcome all challenges that hinder successful coordination and communication in times of crisis. As such, it is clear that recommendations campaigning for adoption of ICS are necessary and justifiable. This is also because 9/11 event brought confusion and lack of coordination among the emergency response personnel.

With proper implementation of Incidence Command, the system can effectively improve and enhance collective security, enhance information distribution, and it can decrease levels of confusion to the respond emergency units. The ICS is effective in facilitating coordination of numerous response actions. Therefore, adoption of ICS is very imperative.

Mutual Aid

The commission requested the Congress to pass legislation to facilitate mutual aid in all sectors (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

With the proposal, all states were integrated in the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) rules, which govern policies accepted by different states to smooth the progress of mutual aid provision whenever any form of disaster occurs (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). Under these policies, officers and Emergency Response Unit workers can offer other states assistance in case of a catastrophe.

Is this proposal necessary?

The proposal to facilitate adoption of mutual aid in all states is very necessary. This is because mutual aid is a basic essential resource in providing a wide range of solutions whenever a crisis of a huge magnitude occurs. Different states have different physical and financial capability to equip its region with appropriate resources necessary to respond to any form of disasters (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

Due to this imbalance, mutual aid helps bring equilibrium, maintain, and put adequate resources together to respond to any form of tragedy such as terrorism attack or floods among others. With mutual aid, states unite resources in the most effective way without incurring the costs of purchasing different emergency response resources.

As such, the mutual aid program is cost effective. In addition to this, the “Mutual Aid system help package” all required crisis responses materials which can fit in different situations. It is also effective in that it entails coordination with other tragedy response units such as Federal Management Emergence Agency (FMEA). Certainly, the proposal to implement adoption of mutual aid is very necessary.

ANSI Emergency preparedness standards

The Commission urged the Department of Homeland Security to encourage implementation of ANSI standards as a procedure of emergency preparedness by all private divisions (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

The commission however clearly said that this particular recommendation was deliberate and not mandatory. The commission stated that the Congress and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) had a duty to encourage all private sectors to adopt all proposed safety standards (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

Is this proposal necessary?

The adoption of these policies is justifiable. It is estimated that about eighty five percent (85%) of all essential structures in the US belong or are owned by the private sectors (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). In case of any terrorism attack that is not aimed at government facilities or the military structures, the first groups of people who may provide help (responders) are more likely to be civilians.

In such a situation, the DHS and national disaster preparedness team would definitely begin with the private divisions. Just before putting this recommendation forward, the commission had observed that most private sectors were inadequately unprepared for any form of terrorism.

No doubt, lack of such preparedness in all private sectors posed and still poses a great risk to safety of thousands civilians. Over the years, “the National Standard for preparedness” has played a big role in ensuring that all private sectors implement the ANSI safety measures (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

With proper implementation of preparedness in all private sectors, adequate policies to evacuate people in terror attack facilities would be put in place, there would be increased communication capabilities with all involved stakeholders, and a continuity plan operation would be put in place too (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). Thus, the recommendations to adopt ANSI emergency preparedness standards are not only justifiable, but are also necessary.

Conclusion Emergencies such as terrorism attack, Hurricanes, and Tsunamis are major causes of shock, confusion, and death to both the victims and responders. Because of the outcomes associated with disasters, there is a great need to develop and implement an effective disaster management plan to ensure any forms of tragedies are well catered for before they even happen.

Experts and researchers have argued that lack of coordination and insufficiency in emergency management plan were major reasons why a big damage was incurred and thousands of lives were lost in the 9-11 terrorism attack.

To avoid such a situation in the future, the National Commission on Terrorism Attack was formed (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks). After an extensive investigation, the commission made recommendations that would help the US government to “protect against and prepare for terrorist attacks” (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks).

The proposed changes targeted both public and private sectors urging them to increase and improve their emergency capability to effectively deal or rather respond smoothly to any other form of disaster in future days. In this essay, all the recommendations have been discussed looking at the implications and application of each proposed change. After carefully evaluating the benefits associated with all recommended changes, this paper concludes that indeed all the proposed changes are necessary and therefore warranted.

Works Cited National Commission on Terrorist Attacks (NCTA). The 9/11 Commission Report. 2004. Web.


Rem Koolhaas and Jan Gehl Theories in City Planning Essay (Critical Writing) college essay help near me: college essay help near me

People take different positions when debating on a subject and this is not any different in the architectural world. The two architects presented in this paper have taken very different positions concerning how cities should be designed as outlined below.

Rem Koolhaas, in his interview with Spiegel Online titled An Obsessive Compulsion Towards the Spectacular, seems to be for the construction of large sophisticated buildings in the cities. For Rem, spectacular should be the main guiding concept when designing buildings in cities and not sustainability as being advocated for by environmentalists.

He asserts that experience and intellectual force are there in the world, for example in Middle East and the West, which can be utilized to come up with spectacular buildings. However, he is also aware of the challenge that exists in merging the experience from the West with intellectual from the Middle East (Koolhaas side 1). Rem seems not to like the idea of similarity in buildings designed by different architects, but also notes that it is sometimes inevitable.

He notes that the large architectural buildings in most cities are almost the same design. He, however, blames this on time limitation for research when designing buildings, which often force architects to borrow from existing buildings rather than coming up with new designs. He does not like this similarity, but also acknowledges that sometimes architects are forced by the customers to domesticate existing designs especially in air conditioned buildings.

This is because the owners of the buildings have pinned down the architects to what they want and not what the architects want to design (Koolhaas side 1). The constructions nowadays are meant to create ambiguity and complexity in order to escape the challenges that come with being explicit (Koolhaas side 3).

Jan Gehl, on the other hand, is also for large buildings in the city, but he insists that there has to be space put aside for people. In his interview with ASLA-The Dirt, Jan insists cities have to be planned for the people and that buildings have to be designed for the people to be able to live healthy lives (ASLA-Dirt side 3). Jan insists on sustainability as the guiding concept when designing cities. He notes that buildings have filled the landscape.

This has led to planning becoming a profession. Architects take care of the buildings and the planners do the planning. A building’s ground floor should be rich and the whole city will be rich. It should be designed to fit people’s interaction and communication (ASLA-Dirt side 2). He considers Pizza del campo in Sienna as a place where human care has been observed (ASLA-Dirt side 3). For Jan, similarity of buildings designed by different architects is not an issue so long as the buildings are designed with sustainability in mind.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The two architects, however, have some converging positions. They both agree on the fact that there is a need for a people’s space in the cities. Rem acknowledges trying to design Dubai as a true public place. He wants to create a city in Dubai that has space for people and not the place you find in every city like shopping malls, but also maintain an urban life for the people (Koolhaas side 1).

He notes that urban centers are not lacking anything, but are confused in that they are too densely populated that in future the cities could be insecure to live in (Koolhaas side 2). This could make the European city a history since nobody will live there anymore. “Biggest not tallest” is the common phrase that people use nowadays (Koolhaas side 2).

The difference between a science centre and the development going on in Dubai is the political environment and the amount of freedom and latitude the architects are given (Koolhaas side 3). The two main typologies of buildings today are houses and towers unlike in the 20th century when there were many types (Koolhaas side 3).

He thinks that competition between buildings to be the tallest is just a ridiculous idea. He notes that length is becoming less of a concern as architects focus on size so that the building can be multifunctional (Koolhaas side 3). T

he factor of big multifunctional buildings makes people to always be in motion while the buildings are constantly being renovated (Koolhaas side 3). He notes that the larger the space, the better, but the buildings should have a place where people could meet to interact (Koolhaas side 4).

Just like Rem, Jan too feels that the cities are too much filled with buildings instead of being planned for the people. Nobody takes care of the people living in the buildings (ASLA-Dirt side 2). He says that it would be better to take care of the people than to take care of the buildings.

Cities should be designed in such a way that it facilitates a healthy life, for example, encouraging people to cycle to work not to just sit and move in motor vehicles (ASLA-Dirt side 3).

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Rem Koolhaas and Jan Gehl Theories in City Planning specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More We should always build for human scale not for structure scale. It is, however, very difficult to build considering human scale while the buildings there at the moment are built to structure scale (ASLA-Dirt side 4). This challenge is worse in third world countries where cars and motor cycles increase by the day (ASLA-Dirt side 5). This makes it difficult for city planners as they are forced to constantly revise the plans.

Critical Discussion Rem’s point of view is good as it would lead to better developed cities with the best and most complex designs. This would also lead to better services and delivery of goods in an easy way as the infrastructure is well taken care of. However, the problem with Rem’s position is that his position does not concentrate on the most important idea of taking care of people and making cities secure for the people in the future.

Jan’s point of view is that the cities should be planned for the people, but also notes that buildings are an important part of cities. The weakness of this way of thinking is that there will be less development in terms of infrastructure especially in third world countries where cities are growing in population day by day. Leaving spaces for people in the cities would compromise city development.

The two positions can, however, be combined to make a wonderful idea. That is, combining spectacular with sustainability. Construction of complex buildings in cities can be encouraged so long as the architects have people in mind. This way, there will be more economic developments in our cities as the people are comfortable and healthy (ASLA-Dirt side 3).

Works Cited ASLA-Dirt. Interview with Jan Gehl. American Society of Landscape Architects, April 13th, 2011. Web.

Koolhasa, Rem. An Obsessive Compulsion Toward the Spectacular. Interview in Spiegel Online, July 18th, 2008. Web.


Management: Effective contemporary quality Management practices Report best essay help

Introduction Management is considered the most important aspect of operation in the organization. There are several factors that opt to be effectively managed and coordinated to ensure that the organization effectively and efficiently operates or function. There are several resources that an organization or company require to effectively and efficiently operate.

However, human resources are considered the most important resources in an organization. This is because human resources are directly in charge of execution of duties and achievement of results in an organization. Basically, human resources are in charge of formulation and implementation of policies in an organization.

Organizations require effective and realistic policies to efficiently operate. Furthermore, the human resources or employees must be competent to ensure that the formulated policies are effectively implemented. This is a report paper discussing or debating the relationship between employees’ competency and organizational efficiency.

Employees’ competency and efficiency in an organization Today, there are four major impediments that may affect the level of productivity in any given organization. These challenges include call to satisfy clients, need for innovation, call for a speedy response to the ever-shifting market requirements, and augmented levels of competition.

Consequently, both managers and workers ought to be committed to the attainment of a company’s objectives in order to overcome these impediments. It is therefore necessary for management to come up with effective strategies to deal with the issue at hand, for instance, management should ensure that all aspects of a company’s operations are supportive and encouraging to employees.

They can achieve this by first ensuring that the organization’s basic requirements are put in place. Such requirements may include high quality of goods and services that employees can easily advocate for. Generally, such requirements require competent employees to ensure that they are met.

Employee competency ought to begin with the top management and enforced among the junior employees too. Furthermore, an excellent system of delivery that guarantees that pledges and promises made to the customers are met, effective practices which are sincere, clear-cut and executed with honesty. Most importantly, management should consider the manner in which it should provide thrust to motivate workers as this influences their level of commitment to the company (Ferguson 36).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are several factors that are considered while evaluating efficiency of an organization. These factors should be effectively coordinated and implemented to enhance efficiency of the respective organization.

Basically, an organization requires competent staff or employees to achieve its goals and objectives, and effectively and adequately respond to market changes, produce quality goods and services and create or enhance good relation between the company and the public and enhance consumers’ satisfaction.

Generally, efficiency of an organization is derived from the quality of goods and services it produces or offers in the market, its response to technological changes and market changes, consumers’ satisfaction and relation the company has with the general public among others. Therefore, an organization requires competent employees to enhance efficiency in operation. Furthermore, efficiency in organization is enhanced by competency of employees of the respective organization (Gowdy 28).

Even though technology is known to dominate the current corporate section throughout the world, a lot of focus has recently been put on employees as well as the manner in which they are handled by their seniors. Basically, relationship between the junior and senior employees is determined by competency of both the junior and senior employees.

It has been proved that competent employees professionally relate irrespective of their position in the respective organization leading to efficiency in the organizational operations. It is often said that the best managers produce the best results from their employees. As a matter of fact, throughout history, managers have devised several approaches and strategies which have been aimed at enhancing performance of employees.

In addition, a lot of research has been carried out with regards to employee engagement. For this reason, there is need to critically examine employee engagement and competency as well as roles played by managers and relationship between employees’ self-efficacy and managers’ effectiveness.

This will help to explain the impacts as well as benefits of enhancing employee competency through engagement. Moreover, it will help to illuminate on various ways that may be used to enhance employee competency through engagement in the respective organization (Bret 37).

We will write a custom Report on Management: Effective contemporary quality Management practices specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Organizational objectives, organizational efficiency and employees’ competency Businesses or organizations are formed with objectives or goals. However, there are different types of organizations, for instance, profit oriented and non profit organizations. Though non profit organizations are not after maximization of profits, they require competent employees to meet their goals or objectives.

Objectives and goals are set by both profit oriented and non profit organizations. This is because objectives and goals govern operations of individual organizations in the respective industries and market where they operate. Basically, organizations require competent employees so that they can outline or set realistic goals or objectives that can be achieved within the stated deadline (Uche 35).

Objectives and goals set or outlined by an organization may lead to efficient operation of the respective organization or company. Achievement of the respective goals and objectives within the stated deadlines also reflects efficiency of not only the organization, but competency of the employees of the respective organization.

Therefore, an organization requires a competent staff or management team to set or establish realistic objectives. Furthermore, organizations also require competent employees or staff to achieve the respective goals and objectives within the stated deadlines. This is because achievement of goals and objectives requires competent employees who understand the nature of each objective and time required during the implementation period to achieve the respective goals and objectives (McCarthy 42).

Objectives and goals of an organization may also determine the efficiency of the respective organization. However, this can only be realized in case the respective organization employees competent employees to enhance realization or achievement of the respective goals or objectives.

An organization may establish effective goals and objectives, but the respective goals or objectives may not lead to efficiency of the respective organization. This can happen in case the organization lacks competent employees who can effectively implement the respective goals and objectives, and ensure their achievements within the stated deadlines by the respective organization.

Generally, an organization requires a competent human resource team that can formulate realistic goals and objectives, which can lead to efficiency of the respective organization. However, formulation of effective goals and objectives may not be useful to an organization in case it lacks a competent human resource team to implement the respective goals and objectives.

Therefore, an organization should develop and maintain competent employees who can effectively work towards achievement of the goals and objectives, and enhance efficiency of the organization by ensuring that the goals and objectives are achieved within the deadlines stated by the management team during formulation of the respective goals and objectives (Singleton and Singleton 52).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Management: Effective contemporary quality Management practices by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Employees’ competency, organizational efficiency and technological changes In operation of businesses, management has to consider both internal and external business environment factors. Organizations have direct influence over internal factors, but not the external factors though both affect operations of an organization, for instance, technological changes.

There are several uncertainties in the business environment that organizations ought to effective respond to enhance efficiency in operation in the respective market and industry where they operate. Failure to adequately and effectively respond to these uncertainties may lead to losses or even closure of operation of the respective organization.

Technology is dynamic and frequently changes and this also affects operations of organizations irrespective of their line of business or nature of businesses they transact. Generally, technological changes affect delivery of services and production of goods by organizations and companies in the market or globally (Silverstone and Sheetz 48).

Organizations must effectively and adequately respond to changes in technology that directly affect their nature of business. Failure to respond to these changes may affect income levels of the respective organization. Furthermore, it may also affect operation of the respective organization.

Efficiency of an organization is determined by the response the organization has towards changes that affect their operation. Basically, failure to respond to technological changes may lead to production of goods using outdated technologies, and delivery of low quality services in the market.

Technology frequently changes due to developments and frequent research on technology. Furthermore, developments in technology influence production processes and delivery of services. Moreover, effective and adequate response of an organization to technological changes enhances efficiency of the respective organization.

However, an organization requires a competent human resource team to effectively and adequately respond to these technological changes. Generally, effective response to technological changes may enhance efficiency of an organization because it may lead to adoption of better production methods and delivery of quality services, which meet the market requirements and demands of the respective consumer in the market (Bret 44).

Effective response to technological changes is determined by competency of employees responsible for technological department in the respective organization. Employees need to frequently and regularly review technological changes and adopt or adjust to changes that directly affect their operation in the respective market or industry.

Effective review of technological changes requires a competent human resource team that can effectively and adequately review technological changes and effectively advise the organization on how to adopt the new changes and enhance efficiency in operation by meeting market demands and requirements.

Therefore, organizations require competent employees to effectively and adequately respond to technological changes that directly affect their operation in the respective market and industry. This can also enable an organization to meet demands of consumers by producing quality goods and offering quality services (Gowdy 55).

Ensuring that Employees’ competency facilitates the Achievement of an Organization’s Goals Managers should ensure that they connect the employee competency strategies with the realization of the company’s objectives. As a matter of fact, employee competency should be seen as a means to an end but not an end in itself.

Consequently, managers should ensure that they first establish the company’s main objective as it is pointless to have employee competency without linking it to the organization’s goals. Effective linking of the organizational objectives and employees’ competency may lead to increased efficiency in an organization.

This is because it can lead to achievement of the outlined goals and objectives by the management team within the stated deadline. An organization should ensure that competency of its employees facilitates achievements of goals and objectives leading to increased efficiency in the organization (Mouse 72).

In addition managers should ensure that they show their commitment to the ideas of competent employees, for instance, they should always make sure that they respond and act on employees’ propositions for improvement of the organization’s performance. It is indeed very exasperating to employees when they are asked for suggestions and their responses disregarded.

Competent employees may positively contribute to increased efficiency in an organization through suggestions of ideas that can lead to improved operations within the organization. Generally, competent employees may suggest effective strategies that can lead to efficiency in operation in the respective organization, if the suggested ideas are effectively implemented (Silverstone and Sheetz 82).

Moreover, supervisors should always volunteer to teach employees more about the business or organization itself. Employees can only contribute positive suggestions that can enhance efficiency in the organization if they are well versed with the organization where they work.

This is because lack of enough knowledge on how a company runs may influence employees to give unsuitable suggestions. Basically, employees’ suggestions in an organization may be used to enhance efficiency. Ideally, knowledgeable and empowered employees are likely to produce best outcomes from employee competency programs.

Employees are only empowered to give productive suggestions if they are competent and are well versed with their roles in the respective organization and how the organization operates too. Generally, employees’ competency can only contribute to the achievement of organizational goals and objectives if they understand the objectives and goals of the respective organization.

Therefore, for an organization to reap from its employees’ competency, management has to enlighten its employees on the goals and objectives of the respective organization, and how the organization operates (Hopwood, Young and Leiner 73).

Drivers of Employee competency Even though we can determine the level of employee competencies through employee surveys, we may not be in a position to identify necessary areas that need to be improved within an organization through surveys. It is therefore important for managers to consider a variety of factors, which are also referred to as drivers, which are said to improve general employee competency and enhance efficiency in the respective organization.

In case these drivers are effectively handled, a company can successfully deal with increasing employees’ degree of competency. These drivers include effective communication, performance intelligibility and response, organizational values, incentives as well as appreciation, excellent relationships between employees and managers, professional advancement prospects and familiarity of a company’s objectives are some of the major aspects that enhance employee competency hence enhancing efficiency in the respective organization (Hopwood, Young and Leiner 86).

Employee perceptions of his/her job and company According to a recent study, a worker’s attitude towards his/her work in a particular organization has a major influence on his/her on loyalty to the organization which has a tremendous impact on customer satisfaction. Generally, it is believed that competent employees have positive attitude towards their work in respective organization and effectively undertake their duties.

This may lead to improved services to customers and production of quality goods leading to increased customer satisfaction. Additionally, this may enhance efficiency in operation because individual employees understand and value their job in the respective organization.

An organization requires competent employees because competent employees understand their job leading to positive perception about their job and the respective organization where they work in case they understand the values and culture of the respective organization too. Therefore, positive perception about a company or job by an employee may enhance his/her competency leading to increased efficiency in the respective organization (Manning 75).

The clarity of job expectations in the employees In case the management’s expectations are not clearly outlined to employees, and the entire fundamental resources are not adequately provided, unenthusiastic feelings such as boredom or bitterness may crop within employees and they are therefore likely to shift their attention from the organization’s general wellbeing to survival mechanisms.

Employees should be well informed on the job expectation. This makes the employees prepared to carry out their respective duties. Better understanding of an organizational job expectation may also enable an employee to utilize his or competency in carry out respective duties in the organization.

Generally, employees may not be able to effectively utilize their competency if they are not aware of job expectation in the respective organization. However, if employees are well informed on the job expectations in the respective organization, they may easily utilize their competency towards improvement of the organizational efficiency.

Moreover, though an organization may hire competent employees, benefits of their competency might not be realized in case the organization does not effectively and adequately inform the respective employees on the job expectations. An organization’s management should enlighten employees on job expectations in the respective organization.

In return, this can enhance competency of the respective employees because they adequately understand their job leading to increased organizational efficiency. Therefore, clarity of job expectations may enhance employees’ competency leading to increased efficiency in the respective organization (McCarthy 63).

Professional development opportunities Research has shown that career improvement opportunities often have a positive impact on workers attitudes as it contributes to employee motivation. As a matter of fact, in many organizations, this is often suggested by employees and made effective through management. In most cases, career improvement has a positive impact on an organizations general performance.

Generally, professional development opportunities are meant to enhance employees’ competency in respective organizations. Employees enhance their performance by undergoing different trainings related to their area of profession. Organizational efficiency greatly relies on employees’ competency.

Since professional development opportunities leads to increased employees competency; therefore, it also contributes to efficiency of respective organizations that have established employee professional development plans or programs. An organization requires competent employees to enhance efficiency. However, employing and maintaining competent employees or staff may be difficult.

Organizations need to establish a professional development plan or program so as to enhance competency of the respective employees to enhance efficiency. Professional development plans or programs are essential in boosting employees’ competency leading to increased efficiency in the respective organization. Therefore, professional development plans or programs may enhance employee competency leading to increased efficiency in the respective organization (Lenox 45).

Regular and effective communication between employees and managers Management should always strive to present an opportunity for dialogue where employees air their views, are appreciated and reminded of management’s expectations. This way, employees are likely to develop a feeling of belonging and hence likely to influence their productivity positively.

Communication is an essential management tool that positively contributes to efficiency in organizations. Employees and managers should frequently and constantly communicate to enhance efficiency in the respective organization. This is because effective communication between managers and employees enables both the managers and employees to understand the organization better.

It may also enable the employees to understand changes in the organization and how to adjust to such changes without affecting operations within the respective organization.

Furthermore, regular and effective communication between and among employees may enable employees to decide on the necessary changes that the respective organization require leading to increased efficiency. Basically, regular and effective communication between managers and employees may enhance employees’ competency leading to increased efficiency in the respective organization.

Therefore, an organization requires regular and effective communication between junior and senior employees to enhance their competency leading to increased efficiency in the respective organization (Silverstone and Sheetz 74).

An effective relationship among workers and with superiors An effective relationship among employees and with their superiors is a vital ingredient ‘ in an organizations general performance. In case employees do not relate with their fellow employees as well as managers in a cordial manner, then they are not likely to perform at their best. As a matter of fact, employee adequate incorporation of their competency is a direct manifestation of workers feeling towards their relationship with their colleagues and superiors.

In addition, such a relationship moves management closer to workers and they are thus in a better position to understand workers grievances and respond to them appropriately. In such instances, management is able to depict when performance is not at its best in good time and thus act promptly.

In return, this may lead to increased efficiency in the respective organization. Efficiency in an organization can only be enhanced by performance of employees in the respective organization. Furthermore, competent employees are most likely to enhance efficiency in the organization because competent employees effectively perform their duties.

Generally, efficiency in an organization may only increase if employees effectively and professionally relate with their supervisors. This is because it leads to good working relation and enhancement of competency. In the long run, this may enhance efficiency in the respective organization (Mouse 94).

Perceptions of an organization’s culture and values An organization’s culture and values postulates a vital inspirational factor of employee engagement and competency. Absence of the two is likely to affect a company’s performance negatively. Organizational values and culture stipulates on the expected codes of conduct among employees in the respective organization.

This might enhance efficiency of the respective organization if employees adhere by the culture and values of the respective organization. An organization need to enhance employees understanding of their culture and values to enhance their operation in the respective organization.

This might also increase competency of employees in the respective organization leading to increased efficiency in operation. Therefore, organizations need to enlighten employees on their cultures and values so as to increase their competency in operation leading to enhanced efficiency (Uche 62).

Reward for competency In any organization, it is important for managers to reflect on the benefits that an organization stands to gain if they offer incentives to employees. This is an important way of improving employees’ drive and thus improves their engagement and competency.

In order to achieve this, it is important for supervisors to set sensible goals for employees, pick the most appropriate rewards for the incentive program, constantly address reward issues, come up with several and different winners and different rewards, support constant effort, present awards in a transparent manner and assess incentive programs on a regular basis.

Rewards to competent employees or best performing employees greatly motivate employees to work hard to be recognized by the organization’s management.

In return, this enhances employees’ competency because individual employees will have to work towards achievements of respective goals within the stated deadlines to be appreciated and rewarded accordingly. This increases employees’ competency hence enhancing efficiency of the respective organization (Singleton and Singleton 86).

Conclusion Organizations operate to enhance efficiency hence increase their market share and profit level. Basically, organizational efficiency relies on employees’ competency. There are several factors that an organization has to effectively respond to so as to enhance efficiency, for instance, technological change, market demands and requirements, service delivery and production of products among others.

Furthermore, there are drivers that may increase employees’ competency leading to increased efficiency in respective organizations, for instance, professional development plans or programs, competency reward system and regular and effective communication among employees among others. Considering relationship between employees’ competency and organizational efficiency, organizations need to promote employees’ competency so as to enhance efficiency in the respective organization.

Works Cited Bret, Sharon. Essentials of Human Resource Management, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.

Ferguson. Management: Effective contemporary quality Management practices. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2010. Print.

Gowdy, John. Organizational Efficiency and Employees’ competency, Chicago: CRC Press, 2010. Print.

Hopwood, William, Young, George, and Leiner, Jay. Management and employees’ Competency. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, 2011. Print.

Lenox, Marcel. Effective Management towards organizational efficiency. New York: Springer, 2009. Print.

Manning, George. Management: Organizational efficiency. Chicago: CRC Press, 2010. Print.

McCarthy, David. ‘Contemporary Human Resource Management: Competency Based Approach.’ Cambridge; Cambridge UP, 2011. Print.

Mouse, Mika. Management: Competency based approach. Indiana: Pearson Education, 2010. Print.

Silverstone, Howard and Sheetz, Michael. Employee competency and Organizational Efficiency. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2011. Print.

Singleton, Tommie, and Singleton, Aaron. Contemporary Management, Organizational Efficiency and employees’ competency. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2010. Print.

Uche, Austin. Human Resource Management. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2009. Print.


Controversy Surrounding Immigration Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

For several years, debates have occurred on whether illegal immigrants should be allowed to stay in the United States. Laws used to regulate both legal and illegal immigration have caused debates in social and political settings. Some leaders have supported measures aimed at controlling the influx of immigrants.

Recently, republicans in Kansas differed on whether or not to extend work permits for some immigrants. The immigrants were required to have no criminal records in a period of five years (Ziegler, 2012).

The American population has a large percentage of immigrants from different continents. Europeans came to America several years ago in search of resources. Other immigrants were brought as slaves and others were allowed in through legal means.

There are benefits associated with immigrants in the United States. It is known that immigrants are a source of cheap labor. Most illegal immigrants do not have enough education.

Therefore, they have to do blue color jobs which are despised by Native Americans (Lynch and Woodyard, 2006). Most construction companies and farms rely on immigrants for cheap labor. Pessimistic economists argue that giving immigrants jobs, transfer wealth from Americans to foreigners.

Diversification of culture, food, customs, believes, religion and talent of Americans was contributed by immigrants. Today, people go to Chinese, Korean, Mexican, Ethiopian and Japanese restaurants to enjoy traditional foods. These foods and other traditional activities were brought by immigrants.

However, several people believe that immigrants jeopardize American cultures, customs and economy (Hirschman, 2006). On the other hand, several ideas which have been used in technology, medicine, politics, education and administration were generated by immigrants.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Whether immigrants are legal or illegal, they have valuable attributes which are beneficial to the United States. Some technological developments which are currently enjoyed by Americans were contributed by immigrants. Technology has helped Americans to develop at a higher rate.

Immigrants have also contributed negatively. This has made Americans to have a poor perception towards immigrants from some regions in the world. What happened on September 11 was an unfortunate event in history of the United States. People who carried out the attacks were immigrants who had been trained in American institutions. As a result, most people changed their perception towards such immigrants (The New York Times, 2011).

Use of drugs in several states has been attributed to increased number of immigrants from foreign countries. Illegal immigrants are used by drug dealers to bring drugs to the United States. It has been argued that without illegal immigrants, use of drugs would be lower (Shah, 2008). However, some of the drugs in question have a positive effect in medicine.

Opiates have been incorporated into several pain killers which are prescribed by medical practitioners. It was initially brought from Asia as a stimulant but researchers used it to develop pain killers. Marijuana is illegal in most states but it is prescribed by doctors to patients who suffer from glaucoma and other chronic diseases.

This drug was introduced to the United States by immigrants from Central America and Caribbean countries. Some American people believe that illegal immigrants use social amenities without paying tax. This is not entirely true because when immigrants buy products, they pay taxes indirectly.

If they are accepted into the American system, they can pay taxes like American people. Government started keeping records of immigrants in 1820. The records show that over 80 million people have immigrated into the United States (Hirschman, 2006). Therefore, people should know that most Americans are descendants of immigrants who were despised during their time.

Works Cited Hirschman, Charles. The impacts of Immigration on American society: Looking Backwards to the Future. Border battles; the U.S. Immigration debates. 2006. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on Controversy Surrounding Immigration specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lynch David J., and Woodyard Chris. “Immigrants claim pivotal role in economy.” USA Today. 4 Nov. 2006. Web.

Shah, Anup. Immigration. Global Issues. 2008. Web.

The New York Times. “Immigration and Terrorism.” The New York Times. 5 Oct. 2001. Web.

Ziegler, Laura. “Controversy in Kansas over Proposed Immigration bill.” Kansas City Public media. 7 Feb. 2012. Web.


Experiences of Japanese Americans and African Americans Essay essay help

Living mainly in California and Hawaii, Japanese Americans traces their origin to the first group of Japanese who moved to the United States of America as contract laborers in the sugar cane plantations. Encouraged by treaty signed by Japan and the United States, the first generation of the present day generation of Japanese Americans arrived in Hawaii in 1869.

Their numbers continued to increased until after World War II and at the beginning of 1980s when Japan’s economy began to blossom presenting more employment opportunities and better living standards. Since the first Issei (first generation Japanese) arrived and settled in Hawaii and California in the 19th century, they have contributed immensely to the political, social and economic development of the United States of America.

This is still being reflected in all aspects of development of the United States even today. However, their predicament began as immediately they arrived in the United States. Their upsurge was not welcomed by some politicians fearing the occurrence Yellow Peril.

This set a stage for a racial discrimination trend against all immigrants from Asia including Japanese that has stood the test of time and civilization. The politicians proposed a variety of measures with the most radical being total blockade on any immigrants from Japan. Others argued that the immigration of the Japanese into the United States should be allowed but in a controlled manner.

To curb the Yellow Peril, the politicians passed laws barring the Japanese from marrying from other races while at the same time limiting their access to basic needs such as quality education and housing.

To further suppress their dominance, the laws passed mainly in the western states where they first arrived to work in the sugar plantations ensured that the Japanese Americans had as limited employment opportunities as possible.

They were also denied access to such public utilities such as bars and public parks and beaches. These Japanese were hardworking farmers thus many farmers in United States felt threatened as their agricultural ventures were growing at a very pace. Towards this front, the farmers pushed for oppressive laws to be passed to ensure that the immigrants do not advance agriculturally.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This reached a crisis level forcing the two countries to sign the 1908 Gentlemen’s Agreement. Together with the 1924 National Origins Act, the discriminatory laws were repealed with the borders of the United States being closed to the Japanese immigrants. However, these immigrants were still discriminated against and forced to embrace English as their language and Christianity as their religion.

Discrimination heightened when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor during World War II as many Japanese were tortured as they suspected to be spies of their motherland. They were declared enemies, taken to internment camps which had poor facilities and lacked privacy and denied citizenship1. Their condition only changed after Japanese American returned from the war with honors of valor.

Unlike the Japanese Americans, the ancestors of African Americans arrived in the United States as slaves. However, they also comprise of those individuals from Caribbean, Central and South American countries. Their first ancestors arrived in the United States in the 16th century as slaves to work in South Carolina in 1526. What followed was a steady flow of slaves whose numbers surged in the Southern States where oppressive laws were passed.

Despite their great contributions to the economic, social and political development in the United States, African Americans were one of the most oppressed minority groups in the United States right from the time their ancestors arrived in as slaves. They were denied access to quality education, social amenities, churches, banks and equal economic opportunities forcing many of them to open their. Moreover, they were not allowed to vote or vie for any elective pubic post.

They were segregated as they could not use the same services and amenities used by the whites while many lost their lives and were injured in racial attacks2. Interracial marriages between the African Americans were forbidden as they were only permitted to intermarry within their race and indigenous Americans.

Their chances for legal redress were made even harder since even the United States Supreme Court upheld these laws. All these were despite the fact that these African Americans have been on the forefront of every war including the American Revolution War, World War II and Civil War.

The Japanese Americans and the African Americans, even though living in different locations and their ancestors coming to the United States under different conditions and reasons, shared similar experiences during the mid-twentieth century. They were oppressed and discriminated with others losing their lives during racial attacks.

We will write a custom Essay on Experiences of Japanese Americans and African Americans specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They were denied access to basic essential services and facilities while access to economic and educational opportunities where immensely limited.

Despite the continued oppression, the African Americans and Japanese Americans continued to contribute immensely to the development of the various sectors of the American society including sports, music, politics, army and economy among others. These laws, upheld by courts of law, where only repealed through activism activities of such great mean as, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. among others.

Bibliography Gruenewald, Mary and Michelson, Maureen. Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps. Troutdale, OR: NewSage Press, 2011.

Moody, Anne. Coming of Age in Mississippi. New York: Dell, 1992

Footnotes 1 Gruenewald, Mary and Michelson, Maureen. Looking Like the Enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese-American Internment Camps. Troutdale, OR: NewSage Press, 2011.

2 Moody, Anne. Coming of Age in Mississippi. New York: Dell, 1992


Domestication Essay college essay help

Discussion Domestication is a process where wild animals and plants are transformed in a genetic state to adjust to certain characteristics which benefit humans. In a simplest sense, it can be described as the early stage of human mastery of wild species of plants and animals.

The basic difference between domesticated plants and animals from their counterpart wild species is that they are produced by human activities to attain particular characteristics and are adjusted to the conditions of constant care from initial transition to full transition.

Certainly, wild animals must possess enough abilities to compete and survive in the wild and should often be on the watch for their predators. Wild animals should be fast and strong to safeguard themselves from their predators and must use their senses of touch, sight, and smell while searching for shelter, water, food, and to warn them from danger.

While domestic animals do not require all these abilities and senses to search for food and protect themselves from danger since all they need are provided by humans. Wild animals live liberally and are not reliant on human support, while domesticated animals are reliant on human interference. Most wild animals are either afraid or hostile to humans since they consider humans as dangerous killers.

The most significant outcome of domestication of animal species includes a rapid transformation in their seasonal biology. Most wild animals are distinguished by their precise seasonal reproduction and molting sequence, while most domesticated animals, in contrast, may reproduce themselves at any period or season of the year and may not molt at all.

The main deference between the domesticated species and the wild species of animals and plants is that wild plants and animals develop under control of natural factors and domesticated species evolve under control or influence of human factors or activities.

Certain behavioral characteristics may be changed through this process since human serves as the shield between the plants or animals and their environment. One example which is noticeable during the process is a decrease in responsiveness to changes in environments of wild species. Food availability and human’s regulation over the breeding system have decreased competition for essential resources and therefore allowed selection for the preservation of juvenile features.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The morphological variations between plants such as maize and its wild related species, teosinte, are somewhat intense since teosinte generates just 7 to 12 kernels in two with interspersed rows guarded by a firm layer. While the domesticated maize produces a cob which contains more than 20 rows with several uncovered kernels.

Actually, teosinte is extremely different from maize in the structure of its ear that most botanists were not successful to identify the close link between these species and another difference is their seasonal reproduction. The reproduction of the teosinte is strict and precise during the year, while maize reproduction is manipulated by humans and mostly depends on the rainy season.

Self-reproduction is another factor which makes these species to be deferent. The domesticated species only reproduce through human interference and the cultivated species mostly produce low seed shedding, produce more seeds, and rapid continuous germination. However, most wild plants has 50% to 60% harvest index, sum seed weight divided by sum plant weight, which is more than the domesticated plants. Unlike domesticated plants, wild plants rely on seed propagation to exist.


Deskilling Phenomenon in Modern Society Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Deskilling is a phenomenon that has come about due to agents of globalization such as technology, multinational corporations and increased bureaucratization, which are aimed increasing efficiency and effectiveness in both private and civil service. In other words, it is a process where workers in various organizations in both government and private sectors are eliminated due to the introduction of technology.

Due to technology, semiskilled workers are preferred since they can easily be controlled and can as well be paid peanuts. The organizations aim at utilizing resources maximally by reducing the human capital. Because of this aspect, workers have been reduced to paupers meaning that they cannot afford capital that can make their life better.

The owners of the means of production prefer working with the semiskilled since they cannot claim their rights as opposed to the skilled laborers who are always aware of their rights. However, due to deskilling, work has turned out to be mechanical since human skills are never applied in manufacturing goods and services.

In this case, the quality of goods and services are decreased. The consumers of goods and services are forced to take in substandard goods (Mossberger 14). The emergency of free market economy and ownership of property has even brought about serious problems as regards to employee importance.

This article traces the origins of deskilling, its effects to employees and how the issue can be addressed to bring back the skills of workers, which are required to achieve innovativeness and inventions. In government for example, the public is given a raw deal in terms of service delivery since those delivering services are not professionals. In other words, they are not imbued to service delivery. The capitalist society treats such workers in the same way as machines.

The modern society, an individual is deskilled in many ways. The process can be in terms of technology, work and leisure, and ideologically. The ruling class defines how leisure is utilized in society. In terms of technology, the ruling class owns it. The ruling ideology in society, especially in government, emanates from the ruling class.

In this paper, work and leisure will be analyzed as one of way of commanding conformity from the worker. Scholars criticize the way work alienates the worker from self and from other people in society. In this case, the works of Marx are frequently invoked to explain the plight of workers in society. In 1844, Marx posted his views regarding work and alienation in the capitalistic society. Workers in industries are forced to work for long hours without extra pay.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, employees in many industries and organizations lack time for leisure and self-fulfillment. As Marx had earlier observed, workers lack time for themselves implying that they are only left with little time for conducting animal related activities such as eating, sleeping and procreating. From this understanding, capitalism creates a passive consumer and also shapes the leisure activities of workers.

In the modern society, leisure is not meant to help the worker but it serves to provide a means of escape from the problems. In other words, workers are made to live with the problem but not finding the problem. The modern worker is alienated from his or her own work and leisure since he or she is not in control of the two variables (Life


Emerging issues – GASCO Essay essay help free

Introduction Various organizations uphold environmental protection obligations. In fact, they have enacted policies to steer and regulate their involvement in environmental issues. This is an important provision in the ecological context. This paper discusses Abu Dhabi Gas Industries Limited (GASCO), which is a natural gas manufacturing company based in Abu Dhabi, UAE (GASCO 1).

The discussions relate to its environmental protection policies, enduring impacts on the environment, legal obligation on environmental protection quests, rivals environmental policies, and whether the company is environmentally friendly. Other aspects of apprehension are whether its environmental concerns have any business benefits.

However, what is important is whether the company is environmentally friendly or not. Additionally, unveiling what benefits it gains from such missions is vital in this context. Evidently, most organizations have managed to consider various environmental issues in the realms of becoming energy efficient, observing the aspects of global warming, reducing hazardous gas emissions, managing pollution, and recycling wastes for a sustainable environment and preservation of energy resources.

These mandates are fostered by relevant and adoptable environmental policies usable in various contexts. As a component of its social responsibility, GASCO has enacted Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) movements to ensure that it attains its environmental sustainability mandates. Precisely, GASCO has a real commitment in improving the environment, embracing the safety of the people, and instituting appropriate environmental and health concerns.

GASCO’s Environmental Policies GASCO has realized the significance of a sustainable environment. Consequently, it has incorporated its aspects into its operations and mandates as an environmentally conscious organization. As indicated earlier, the company established HSE as a component of its visions, in the realms of HSE Policies as well as HSE Management System (HSE MS).

Precisely, the company has policies that allow it to uphold environmental sustainability discussed in this paper. Since it deals will petroleum gases, the company has policies that limits emission of hazardous gases into the environment. These environmental policies demand every employee to be observant and contribute immensely in the environmental protection quests.

Relevantly, this has helped the company to attain a massive market presence, competitive advantages, global limelight, and other lucrative provisions beneficial to its business endeavors. Policies meant to eradicate gas spillage and other dangerous chemical from reaching the environment are quite considerable in this context.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Although most organizations participate in the environmental mission with the aim of marketing themselves, GASCO is genuinely environmentally friendly besides the need to have a comprehensive market share in the natural gas industry, both locally and globally (Oxford Business Group 125).

Through its HSE policies, it has programs of cleaning the environment, planting trees, sponsoring environmental programs, reducing hazardous emissions into the environment, promoting public health, and recycling wastes into useful products. These roles and mandates indicate how the company is environmental friendly and is able to enact viable environmental concerns to help the public. Contextually, the company has managed to uphold its environmental concerns since its inception decades ago.

This has been possible through the ratification of stringent environmental policies to help in governing the ecosystem and protecting the environment for sustainability as indicated earlier. From this context, it is possible to concur that environmental policies are coherent with the business strategies since they help in promoting businesses, enhance their brand names, and increase their market shares. Nonetheless, the business aspects of this should come second after attaining the environmentally targeted mandates.

Precisely, GASCO has policies that govern its HSE programs with the intent of attaining a sustainable ecosystem, uphold its business strategies, commit to the aspects of CSR, and promote its global presence. Additionally, the company has policies that govern environmental impacts of their operations.

GASCO’s potentiality in making a lasting impact on the environment Evidently, GASCO has a massive potentiality in making remarkable impacts on the environment. This is an important observation following its obligations, policies, and concerns over the environmental issues. Additionally, the fact that the company deals in the production of natural gases is a massive environmental concern.

Its mandates to protect its operations, limit gas emissions, restrict the use of harmful gases, enact safe gas transportation mechanisms, and safety concerns are of critical consideration. In fact, if the company observes safety and environmental issues, it will contribute considerable to the aspects of environmental protection and sustainability.

Its policies equally signify its long-lasting potentiality in conserving the environment. This is evident through its HSE programs mentioned earlier. It is important to recognize the criticality of its obligations in the realms of environmental protection despite the business provisions in it. However little its inputs are to the aspects of environmental protection, its contributions still matter considerably. From this concern, it is obvious that GASCO has the potential of making a lasting impact on the environment.

We will write a custom Essay on Emerging issues – GASCO specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Both Business and environmental benefits of the policies Principally, the established environmental policies are mandated to offer a remarkable, sustainable, and safe environment to the entire community. It is through viable policies that an organization can attain its environmental mandates (through CSR) and involve other stakeholders towards the achievement of a sustainable environment.

Consequently, it is crucial to consider various aspects of these policies with regard to environmental protection. Conversely, there are business aspects of all these endeavors. An organization might aspire to demonstrate to the public that it is environmentally conscious (Oxford Business Group 125).

Consequently, it captures the attention of the public, build its market visibility, global presence, brand name, and enhance its operations and profitability in the long run. Through environmental concerns, the organization will obviously promote its operations, businesses, and enhance its marketplace acceptability.

GASCO competitors’ environmental policies- Is the firm doing more or less? Other competitors in the natural gas production industry (both in UAE and globally) have established similar policies to help in the promotion of environmental sustainability. It is from this context that the entire environmental protection emerges.

Additionally, other competitors like TAQA, ADNOC, and other firms in the oil and gas industry have managed to establish environmental protection programs and sponsorships to enhance their environmental friendliness. If compared, GASCO is doing considerably better in the realms of its environmental mandates and protection obligations.

Is the firm doing more than it is legally obliged to? According to the environmental laws and demands of the environmental activists, GASCO still need to do more in its roles to enhance environmental protection. From this context, it is evident that the law requires more than anticipated (GASCO 1). Despite the efforts to meet these demands, there are some challenges that might hinder the company from realizing its environmental obligations. Precisely, the firm is averagely doing what it is legally obliged to do. It still needs to do more.

Conclusion Conclusively, GASCO is environmentally friendly following its endeavors to protect the environment through its HSE policies.

Works Cited GASCO. Health, Safety and Environment. 2012. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Emerging issues – GASCO by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Oxford Business Group. The Report: Abu Dhabi 2007. London: Oxford Business Group, 2007. Print.


Social Media Issues Relating To Race and Religion Proposal best essay help: best essay help

Table of Contents Social Media

Social Media and Race

Social Media and Religion

Works Cited

Social Media Communication is one of the most important aspects of human being. Emerging technologies have completely redefined the way human beings communicate with each other. The internet has come out strongly as one of the most sophisticated tools of communication.

The social media is the most recent of the forms of communication. When Facebook came into existence in the year 2007, many critics thought that it was another passing wind, just as other technologies that never made it to see the light of the day (Luther


Google and Yahoo – Detailed Business Comparison Report (Assessment) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Table of Contents Yahoo!


SWOT Analysis for Yahoo!

Reference List

During the drastic change in the United States economy, Google began to nose ahead of its prime competitor Yahoo. In 2007, Yahoo changed it processes, from its strategy to its mission statement. Historically Yahoo was the grandfather of search engines until 1998, when Google stepped in with simplistic focus and changed the path for technology.

Although Google and Yahoo have the same audience, it can be argued that they have taken completely different directions in the last 5 years. This paper will detail the current mission, vision, social responsibility and strategic planning of both companies. It will also compare the direction of the companies and indicate the suggested need of improvement. Lastly, the paper will conduct a SWOT analysis for Yahoo!

Yahoo! Yahoo!’s mission is to be the most essential global internet services company for consumers and businesses. The mission statement clearly defines the goals and objectives of the company.

According to the company’s investor relations website, its vision resonates around being the premier digital media company which is focused on creating deeply personal digital experiences that keep its customers and users connected to what matters most to them, across systems and around the world (Yahoo Investor Relations, 2011). The company’s vision is customer-centered, concerned with delivering the digital experiences the customer way.

This statement has been changed multiple times, since the company entered business in 1994. As technology continuously evolves, Yahoo! continues to rethink and reformulate its strategies, as well as update its objectives and strategic decisions. In recent times, the company has announced the laying off of over 2000 employees with the aim to restructure its business into 3 core components.

Yahoo! recently announced a new business direction with the view to intensify its effort in its core businesses and redeploy critical resources to its most urgent priorities in line with current competition trends. The ultimate goal of this alignment was prioritize the needs of users and customers (Carlson, 2012). In this regard, Yahoo has attempted to join social media services and the company is working hard to maintain its presence in online advertising business (Deka


Business Performance Measures Essay college essay help online

Introduction The world has become very competitive in almost all aspects of human life that has necessitated the need to boost performance in order for businesses to continue with their daily operations. Governments, non governmental organizations and individual firms have had to devise cost effective ways of ensuring their business operations are viable despite the high rate of inflation that seems to run out of control.

It is common knowledge that modernization has brought stiff competition in the quality and quantity of goods and services produced and those firms that meet the required production standards remain in operations. While some companies have taken to monopolization others have merged under different banners in order to increase efficiency in their delivery of services.

Regardless of the approach taken by a company to boost its performance there are various measures it must put in place in order to assess its performance. This essay outlines some of the performance measures a company may adopt, benefits such measures bring to the company and the actions it can take with regard to the outcomes of these measures.

Performance is a common term used in business to refer to the value of business out put that is used to assess the viability of any business venture in terms of profits or losses. It is measured in two ways in terms of the volume of goods and services produced and profits or losses generated from the sales made.

A measure is any approach taken towards realization of any goal by a business (Cokins 2009). Therefore, performance measures are steps taken by a business organization in the attempt of seeking to identify its position as far as business operations are concerned.

This discussion covers the human resource and product and service measures as essential tools of evaluating the performance of any business.

Human resource plays a very important role in the daily running of business operations in all organizations. Therefore, it forms an important aspect that can not be isolated from performance.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is due to the fact that human beings constitute a grater percentage of sources of labor in all operations and in areas where machines are used human beings are in charge of controlling them. Performance measures in terms of human resource has various dimensions that include, performance evaluations, productivity reports, turnover, absenteeism and employee satisfaction surveys.

Performance evaluations are important measures that businesses undertake in order to assess the levels of production of its workers. Performance is evaluated on the basis of worker’s academic qualifications, experience, interests and skills that are essential in ensuring workers deliver quality work (Luecke 2006). Any worker who does not have the required skills is more likely to deliver poor quality work while an experienced person stands high chances of better performance.

This is an essential tool of evaluation as it enables the management to identify the worker’s potentials and this helps them in allocation of duties and responsibilities according to the worker’s abilities to perform. A business may decide to train its employees further in order to increase their skills and knowledge by sponsoring their part time education programs and giving them more off duty allowances in order to attend their classes.

Timely and accurate information regarding employee’s performance will help the management identify its weak performance areas and plan on how to develop them in order to ensure all workers do their best.

Worker’s productivity reports may be prepared by the management as measures towards assessing business performance. It should be noted that every employee plays an important role in determining the productivity of a business regardless of the person’s position in a company. All positions in a business are created with a view of boosting performance and there is no department or position that should be treated as inferior to others.

The business is like a body while workers are like the organs that make the body to function properly and be healthy. Worker’s productivity reports help management identify the specific abilities of every worker and avoid generalization of workers performance (Cokins 2009).

Employees who consistently perform below the company’s expectations should be given essential advice and warned in advance but if they seem not to improve they should be laid off and other people with prospects of better performance hired. This measure helps management plan on future expansions of the company in terms of its work force and production.

We will write a custom Essay on Business Performance Measures specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More All workers are supposed to spend quality time at their work place in order to boost production and efficiency. It should be noted that time is a very important factor in the process of production and should be spent wisely (Luecke 2006).Therefore, employees should ensure they do constructive activities when at work. Work attendance records will help the management assess their employees in terms of the number of hours they dedicate to work.

Those frequently absent from duty should be sacked immediately as this shows laxity and lack of interest and personal initiatives by employees. This measure helps to identify the amount of work an individual is capable of doing in a given time. More time spent at work means more service or goods will be produced and vise versa. The company is able to plan a head with regard to production of its services or goods.

A company may also conduct turnover surveys to identify its ability to produce goods and services within a given time frame. This survey helps the company to identify its potentials and assess whether it is performing according to its expectations.

This measure will help the company identify areas that are productive and those that are dormant. It gives management an insight into future planning in terms of budgetary allocation to various departments to boost their efficiency in production.

The second approach of measuring performance is through the use of product and service measures. The first step in this approach is conducting surveys on the levels of customer satisfaction with regard to the quality and quantity of goods and services offered by a company (Cokins 2009). This may be done through questionnaires or through conducting interviews that aim to establish the levels of satisfaction their clients attain with regard to the company’s services.

This measure helps the company to identify weaknesses of a product or service and correct them as soon as possible. It helps a company in planning on how to avoid the occurrence of such errors in future. It enables the business to know the tastes preferred by clients.

Rates of returns help businesses asses their performance as it offers an insight to the level the product or service has penetrated the market. Through conducting this survey the management will identify the various marketing strategies that will enable it deliver its services to almost all regions accessible by it. Timely awareness of the problems arising from this survey will help a business change its marketing strategies or use different strategies to market their products.

A company may choose to asses its performance through surveying the product rates of failure that will enable it identify the effectiveness of its services. This will enable the company to know the reasons why the products are failing and analyze whether it is as a result of poor quality or lack of information on the use of the product and thus address the issues as soon as possible (Cokins 2009). Products’ rates of failure helps to eliminate future assumptions by correcting the client’s current perceptions regarding the quality of services offered.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Business Performance Measures by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The number of clients served within a particular period of time is an essential step in measuring the performance of any business. This measure offers relevant information regarding the volume of sales made in a given time. This survey measure will enable a company to assess whether the price of goods, timing of their sales, efficiency of employers or the volume of goods produced determine the number of clients served (Luecke 2006).

Timely and accurate information obtained through this survey will help the management plan ahead and decide whether to increase the number of workers to eliminate long queues of clients waiting to be served or extend the time of operations in order to serve many clients within the shortest time possible.

Conclusion All business investments are founded on the basis of utilizing all opportunities to make profits and at the same time offer quality goods and services to their clients. If essential steps are not taken early to monitor the performance of a business huge losses may be incurred leading to termination of its operations. Therefore, it is important that businesses conduct performance surveys to determine their viability.

References Cokins, G. (2009). Performance Management: Integrating Strategy Execution, Methodologies, Risk and Analytics (Wiley and SAS Business Series). New York: Wiley Publishers.

Luecke, R. (2006). Harvard Business Essentials: Performance Management: Measure and Improve the Effectiveness of your Employees. Boston: Harvard Business Review.


A Review of the Book Human Resource Management Term Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction


Summary and conclusion

Reference List

Introduction In the writing of a book, an author always has an objective in mind, which he hopes to have achieved by the end of the writing. This applies to both fiction and scholarly writing, classifications which make books meet the needs of varied audiences. This essay seeks to analyze a scholarly writing on human resource management.

To this end, a general overview of a particular book shall be provided before the discussion narrows on the key reasons that drove the authors to settle on the particular topic as well as the objectives that they intend to attain. The methodology that they use in the meeting of the objectives has also been given a critical mention, in the latter part of the discussion.

In the provision of support to various elements of discussion raised, a number of external sources shall be considered. These include other books and electronic journals. The contents of these sources shall, however, serve a reinforcement purpose, to give strength to the theories raised by the primary authors.

Rationale Human Resource management is a key component of all properly working establishments (CNN, 2009). This is because even for the most technologically savvy establishments there needs to be an input of human labor in order to get the systems to operate at utmost efficiency levels (Jonathan, 2010).

Over the years, it has come to the realization of various scholars that the human component of any given institution is the most vital in guaranteeing its stability (Conaty and Ram, 2011). This basically means that if the workers are not working up to the ideal optimum, then the inadequacy will be well reflected in the image of the company (Merkle, 2002).

In the book Human Resource Management, by Angelo DeNisi and Ricky Griffin, the authors seek to explain how a company’s manpower can be well managed through a combination of both traditional and modern approaches for maximizing output.

In their writing, the authors help the readers understand learn the functions of the human resource department in a company, which range from staffing to the enhancement of the motivation of the members of staff, as well as the addressing of payment and other associated benefits (DeNisi and Griffin, 2007). The targeted audiences of this book are individuals whose career focus is directed towards general management.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this regard, the authors ensure that all components of effective human resource management are covered including the proper management of diversity, and the fostering of proper relationships between the members of staff and the institution.

The authors argue that a healthy human resource department is the key to a well functioning company (DeNisi and Griffin, 2007). They support this assertion by providing practical examples, which show how companies properly weave the activities of the human resource management department into their key business strategies.

In the opening chapters of the book, the authors give an overview of the importance of human resource management as it applies in different areas across the globe. They then go ahead to outline how the recruitment of employees pans out to be a determinant of the success of the establishment.

Still in the early chapters of the book DeNisi and Griffin focus on the traditional strategies of managing the members of staff as well as the enhancement of performance within the enterprise. The categorically declare that all principles of traditional human resource management have to well entrenched

In the last half of the book, the authors focus on the theoretical items of human resource management including the writing of job descriptions as the advertisement of vacancies, as well as the conducting of job interviews (DeNisi and Griffin, 2007). Understanding the labor laws, in relation to their application in the proper running of human resource departments, has also been given prominence and it forms the base on which all other items in the book are founded.

The authors ensure that they explain the laws which apply in various business establishments, as well as illustrate how if the laws are well applied, they can help make the running of the institutions more fluid.

The authors of the book make it a point to note that by the end of the reading, students should be in a position to apply the theoretical concepts picked from the discussion in practical managerial situations. To make sure that this goal is met, they make it a point to arrange the components if the book in such a manner that one item explains the next, with the succeeding chapters offering solutions to problems identified in previous chapters.

We will write a custom Term Paper on A Review of the Book Human Resource Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This book, being targeted at a select class of individuals aims at meeting a number of specific goals and targets. These goals are as listed below:

To explain the relationship between the human resource department in a company and the general productivity.

To help the students understand the best strategies for the enhancement of the output of a company’s human resources.

To help the student understand the key concepts of human resource management, including the advertisement of available vacancies and the identification of the most deserving members.

To help the students develop a grasp of the techniques required in the drafting of technical papers such as resumes and job descriptions.

To help the students develop ways of applying learned concepts to practical situations.

In order to meet these requirements, a number of key objectives will have to be met.

First, the students should be in a position to indentify the extents covered by the human resource department, within the general institutional framework.

Secondly, the students should be able to list the best approaches in the running of Human resource departments such that the ultimate efficiency levels are met and sustained.

Third, the students should be in a position whereby they can draft vacancy announcements as well as conduct proper job interviews.

Finally, the students should understand the labor laws and illustrate how they can be used in the resolution of issues involving a company’s members of staff.

Summary and conclusion In summary, the book under review had set out to illustrate that no institution worth its name can operate efficiently if the human resource department is not well coordinated, and this agenda was met. The authors, in a stepwise manner, explained how the human resource departments of companies work and went on to detail the basic fundamentals required in ensuring that the offices work as per institutional desires.

Any individual, scholar or otherwise, going through the writing can easily be drawn to the conclusion that the human resource department is the one element of a company’s structure which must be stabilized if its mission and objectives are to be attained.

Reference List CNN. (2009). “Human Resources Manager”. CNN Money. 2009. Retrieved

Conaty, B.


United Federation of Teachers and DC 37 Research Paper writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

United Federation of Teachers (UFT)


DC 37

Disadvantages and Challenges

Effect on Productivity and Performance in Schools


Works Cited

Introduction Unions are legally formed to serve as the voices of all workers in New York City or entire country. They act as representatives of public and private employees in several industries in the United States. Their main aim centers on cooperative negotiations in issues related to wage increase, workers’ benefits and better working conditions for their members and addressing other issues like disputes with administration about infringement of contract conditions.

Most unions in the United States are adjusted to one of two major unions, Change to Win Federation and AFL-CIO that was legally formed in 1955. These two unions represent or bargain guidelines and legislation as they represent employees in America and contribute a major part in the country’s politics (Moe 66).

The paper discusses the achievements of United Federation of Teachers (UFT) and District Council (DC 37), as well as their challenges and shortcomings that are involved in their membership. United Federation of Teachers has played a huge part in addressing the rights of teachers and nurses in New York City. Since its formation in 1960s, it has solved several issues related to educational matters, such as wage increase, workers’ benefits, and currently the reduction in class sizes.

They also take part in the political affairs through financing most campaign activities. Some critics have stated that American teachers’ unions undermine the performance and productivity of schools through disregarding the issues related to students, management, and parents, while serving as a voice for teachers.

Some studies have reported that increase in teachers’ wages does not improve the productivity and performance of students and schools in general. DC 37 has played an important part in matters of women’s rights and equal pay among all employees in public sectors.

United Federation of Teachers (UFT) Since 1960s, the management of United Federation of Teachers (UFT) has ensured that it portrays itself as union of expertise that exercises the rights and privileges of its members. UFT serves as a voice of more than 200,000 teachers, home daycare employees and nurses in New York City and consider that children are worth of secure schools, provision of social and health requirements, and appropriate instructions from the teachers and the government.

In 2005, there were around 18,000 paraprofessionals and 120,000 in-serves teachers in United Federation of Teachers, together with around 55,000 retired teachers and other participants. At the end of 2007, 28,250 home daycare employees selected to be part of the union, making the sum number of members to go by the 200,000 mark (Moe 66).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Achievements UFT was very active in decreasing the size of classrooms and directly intended and led to advanced teaching arrangement and system which permitted for professional association and teaching background. The union was also powerful in legalizing charter school acceptance policy to guarantee an unbiased assessment application procedure.

Currently, the union is in opposition to merit pay for its members and favoring seniority-based payment, but became involved in 2007 in approving a voluntary incentive system for performing schools with higher population and greater requirements.

The United Federation of Teachers does not favor a recommended reform of the seniority-based LIFO (education) policy. The union powerfully supports the lessening of class sizes for every grade stage and subjects in all public schools in New York City to provide quality and standardize education program.

In 2005, in the contract negotiations, the United Federation of Teachers effectively included language to the agreement that precisely safeguard teachers from experiencing penalty due to the planning of the classroom furniture, the arrangement of the bulletin boards, and finally the precise length of lesson units.

Annually, the union provides scholarship opportunities to undergraduate and graduates and around $1 million are awarded to these students according to their academic achievements and inability to finance their college expenses. In 2011, 250 high school graduates were awarded $5,000 each to gather for their higher education expenses (Haskins 116).

United Federation of Teachers has embarked to start charter schools of their own and there are some reasons why they want to begin this process. United Federation of Teachers claims that Charter schools permit teachers to innovate and experiment in approaches that are complex in common government schools. Charter schools operators are aware that their members have the privilege to create unions if they consider it important since organized and prepared teachers can produce valuable partnerships.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the lobar and civil rights which had experienced destruction and set backs during 1960s and 1970s were restructured as labor unions that came together to address the issues of quality and acceptable education for every student, standard class sizes, and provision of safety nets to families.

We will write a custom Research Paper on United Federation of Teachers and DC 37 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The United Federation of Teachers was an active follower of landmark school aid court case recorded by the Campaign for Fiscal Equity in 1993, an alliance of education activists and parents who were concerned about the welfare of their children. The legal clash resulted in a decision forcing the state to offer not less than $2 billion above the normal in educational funding to public schools around New York City (Meyer 3).

Another field of which the United Federation of Teachers has shown well-built relationship with its structured members and has achieved its goals is with the Municipal Labor committee. This committee is an affiliate alliance for government employee unions that serve as a negotiating representative for health coverage with the New York City.

In 2011, the health insurance bargained for domestic daycare providers, who are members of United Federation of Teachers, in their initial contract with the city and will soon come to action. Family care providers are expected to obtain health coverage under the UFT Family Health Plus system, this is a health coverage project funded by New York City and provided completely to providers of United Federation of Teachers under health coverage of EmblemHealth.

Other than health benefits provided through this plan, providers engaging in this program will also obtain an influential medical advocate that will be under the United Federation of Teachers. Often, bargaining the medical coverage arrangement is challenging and this is the reason the union is regularly examining the UFT Health Care Plus plan keenly are prepared and accessible always to support every member in it who considers that he has not received or his rights are limited (Wright 4).

The benefits provided through this program are wide-ranging containing dental and inpatient hospital, specialty, and primary care, together with prescription medicine insurance to their members who need these services.

Remarkably, and regardless of the direct allocating of $700 million to decrease class size and significant projects of the community by United Federation of Teachers and its new alliance parties, the sizes of classes in the government schools in the city really improved in the years after obtaining this sum of money. Incensed, the union filed a case against the New York City DOE for not utilizing the funds allocated by the state to decrease the class sizes (Meyer 3).

The UFT applied the court case to inform the people, especially the parents, about the inability of City Administration to utilize taxpayers’ monies appropriately. The initial rulings in the lawsuit, during the mid 2010, were showing positive potentials.

The first achievement of UFT was in 1969 when they successfully won the privilege to represent around 11,000 government school paraprofessionals in the state of New York. Even though different AFT (America Federation of Teachers) locals had served as the voice of most librarians, school nurses, and other members of education structure, the United Federation of Teachers election officially inaugurated the first main growth into non-teaching staff (Wright 4).

Not sure if you can write a paper on United Federation of Teachers and DC 37 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More DC 37 Launched in 1944, District council 37 (DC 37) has expanded from union of not more than a thousand members in the state’s health care, business, and parks to the national biggest union of government workers, with above 130, 000 employees participating in state’s cultural and agencies organizations.

In 2005, the officials of DC 37 wrote to the mayor addressing the challenges that the members of DC 37 are undergoing. Working jointly with the mayor, and some banks, DC 37 generated the MEHP, the earliest and the greatest widespread labor-sponsored reasonable priced housing projects among all other states. With the help of DC 37, the members received mortgage and the union housing plans provided comprehensive services, which includes mortgages, development loans, and other services for the city employees who are experiencing shortage of housing.

The members of the union can qualify for the funds and mortgage support to buy co-ops, second home within the city, and even condos. In November 2010, DC 37 started contract bargains with the New York City for a new economic accord and has examined the budget of the city and revealed the intensive contracting-out misuse and corruption. For instance CityTime, along with the policy of the city, did not intentionally receive particular taxes and charges to which it is warranted.

Some of the major important activities executed by DC 37 in 1980s were in the area of rights of women. In early 1980s, the court ruled that the New York City Employee Retirement System might no longer locate specific points for gender for pension compensations and donations, and this disagreement had taken a decade to be decided. Women municipal employees who had been ordered to pay more due to their anticipated permanence were repaid some of their earlier pension donations.

Another success of rights of women appeared also in mid 1980s with a case presented by DC 37 opposing the lower wages of mostly women 911 workers in the Police Department as matched up to the raised wages of men’s Fire Department workers executing comparable tusk. This successful case filed by DC 37 simplified the process of paying workers and presented equal pay for both men and women executing comparable tusk, even when the titles of their job are different.

DC 37 contributed a major role in this movement and led the first demonstration in the country due to the pay equality matters; along with a successful court case in opposition to the Washington state who had won a case to pay women low wages in their titles, but this was overruled after an appeal. Employers were forced to include gender pay equity in their new contracts and this success was mainly contributed by DC 37 (Budd and McCall 479).

DC 37 continued to fight for the benefits of members that included raised protection for temporary employees, pension for workers on part-time basis, and policies directing admission of on-the-job protection risks to employees.

The union went extra mile to celebrate Black History Month and acknowledged different ethnic cultures, and created a Disability Advisory Committees to address the issues of disability within and outside the union. In 1985, they participated in activities related to Women’s History Month and were engaged in national position in agreement to gay rights.

Disadvantages and Challenges The drawback of being a member of United Federation of Teachers union and DC 37 is that the members have limited expressions in processes of educational institutions they work in and the procedures of teaching they intend to execute. They also have to contribute some money to sustain the union.

Teachers’ unions available in America, especially United Federation of Teachers, are most influential and well structured in issues related to education policies and politics. However, they take advantage of their powerful position to block reforms required to advance the country’s education system through placing their emphasis on teachers instead of focusing on the children or students. Unions, sometimes, are blockages to school selection and other important policies.

In all the issues that unions, such as DC 37 and American Federation of Teachers, express about students, their concerns are more to their adults and dues-paying constituencies. Teachers’ unions have been seen as big businesses handling huge finances with real political powers. United Federation of Teachers, DC 37 and other unions in the country have been greatly contributing to political campaigns and using most of their funds to support the contenders who think they will support them later.

DC 37 experienced various challenges at the end of 1990s, when surveys by Manhattan District Attorney exposed different cases of fraud within the council and its members. Particularly, very serious cases were disclosures in 1998 that top-most officials of the union had fixed an endorsement vote on the contentious 1996 contract that contained payment freezes for the opening two years. This led to restructuring of the top officials of the union after some members revealed that they were involved in the corruption case (Cannato 572).

DC 37 experienced some significant challenges in 1970s as most cities were facing huge fiscal crisis, where public employees underwent decrease in benefits, wage freezes, and work termination. Regardless of these demanding periods, the council, however, was successful to go beyond the 100,000 membership mark in 1975.

All through history, DC 37 has dynamically held social movement unionism through connecting its efforts for better pay and benefits to other matters related with political economy and social issues. DC 37, represented by some delegation, participated in various other strikes in opposition to segregation and inequality, the council and its partners demonstrated also in opposition to the Vietnam War.

Effect on Productivity and Performance in Schools Haskins (116) did research on the connection between teachers’ unions and education systems. The research concluded that teachers’ unions hamper the productivity through raising the institution inputs as they reduce the performance of the students. The existence of unions of teachers and other unions in employment sectors are likely to raise school funds and that the raised finances are dedicated to superior standard wages and reduce class sizes.

Actually, the raised salaries for teachers may not raise the performance of students and quality of education. The Unions should address also the issue of performance and quality of education to portray their quality representation to both the teachers and students. Some have argued that teachers’ unions take reform control away from management, students and parents, together with exploiting the city’s resources as they only address the issues experienced by teachers.

Conclusion Unions in the United States have reported significant achievements since they were established in 1950s through addressing the issues affecting teachers and other members, such as nurses and home care providers. From above discussion, we can conclude by stating that unions, such as United Federation of Teachers and DC 37, have played a significant role in resolving some issues that were traditionally experienced by employees in their workplaces, including benefits, wage increase, reduction of class sizes, and other school-related issues.

There are various disadvantages faced by employees who are members of these unions. Their members have limited expressions in development in their educational institutions and the way they should teach in schools. They also contribute huge sum of money to maintain or finance the activities of these unions that they are later contributed to various political parties.

Works Cited Budd, John and Brian McCall. “The Effect of Unions on the Receipt of Unemployment Insurance Benefits.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 50 (2007): 477-491.

Cannato, Vincent. The Ungovernable City. New York: Basic Books, 2002. Print.

Haskins, Justin Trask. Saving America: From Global Warming to Immigration. New York: Lulu, 2007. Print.

Meyer, Heinz-Dieter. “Trade, Profession or Entrepreneurs? The Market Faithful Raise Important Questions about the Future of Teacher Unions.” American Journal of Education 112 (2005): 1-7. Print.

Moe, Terry. Special Interest: Teachers Unions and America’s Public Schools. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2011. Print.

Wright, Carol. “Unions and Teachers: Differences in the State of the Nation.” ALSB Journal of Employment and Labor Law 10.2 (2001): 1-12. Print.


An Effective Manager Needs To Be an Effective Leader Essay college essay help

In a formal setting of an organisation, managers oversee the execution of duties by other people in the organisation. The theory of management is arguable among experts. There are several theories on how to become an effective manager in an organisation.

The classical theory advocates the perspective that there is a single way to run an organisation. According to this theory, a manager either has to be a strict manager in the organisation, or has to adopt leadership as a means of guiding the organisation to its success.

The use of strict and coercive management tactics is supported by the theories regarding management styles. Two antagonistic theories analyse the concept of work, and help identify the two major styles of steering an organisation to success. One theory supposes that work is unpleasant for any individual.

This means that an individual will only work due to the necessity to fulfil personal needs, and that majority of individuals are not self-motivated enough to take on their tasks without coercion. Due to this theory, some experts maintain that strict management practices are always necessary to realise performance in any organisation (McGregor, 1960).

Another theory postulates that work is a natural phenomenon and that in the right environment humans can be motivated to work towards organisational goals without any form of coercion. This theory advocates that for people to work towards the organisational goals, they just need a leader to instil a sense of direction in them.

In that case, the leader does not provide the motivation directly, but creates a vision for the subjects he or she is leading (McGregor, 1960). In “The theory of social and economic organization”, Weber and parsons say that the organisation must gain the trust of the workers for in to get maximum output from the labour force (Weber


The International Federation of Football Association Research Paper online essay help: online essay help

Introduction The world has undergone various transformations that have made it easier for people from various regions of the world to meet and share many aspects of their cultures. Modernization has forced almost all countries in the world to share common beliefs and practices that identify them as one block.

The use of modern technology in communication and other aspects of human life have made it mandatory for people from different countries to adopt similar practices to enhance their interactions and boost relations among nations of the world. This has led to the formation of international bodies that oversee interactions in various fields are carried out with minimal barriers.

These bodies have been set up to ensure all member countries enjoy same benefits without oppressing others on grounds of their levels of development. One of these organizations is the International Federation of Football Association commonly known as FIFA. This research paper explores the structures, membership, functions and benefits of this association to member countries and individuals.

FIFA is an international association that governs all the sporting activities that involve football and soccer played on the beach by men and women. Many countries in the world are members of this association. It is estimated that two hundred and eight nations are registered members. The headquarters of this association is found in Switzerland and is headed by Sepp Blatter (Elvis 2010) who is considered the president of this association.

This association is responsible for coordinating and organizing various tournaments including the World Cup and continental tournaments which are events known world wide and command majority of the population as fans. It is believed to have begun in the twentieth century when there was great need to have one institution to handle and coordinate football matches that were gaining popularity all over the world.

Therefore, in 1904 this association was formed by four countries including France, Denmark, Belgium and the Netherlands with its structure run and managed by the FIFA congress which is in charge of forming rules and regulations governing world football and the operations of FIFA. These members have their meetings annually but they may also have some emergency sessions when need arises (Tumlin 2006).

It has a wide international organizational structure that consists of other sections that are supervised by the supreme organ. In addition, FIFA has six components that oversee the progress of football activities in all continents and act as a link between FIFA and other nations of the world.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, FIFA has a total of three hundred and thirty seven active football teams of which one hundred and twenty nine are women’s teams while two hundred and eight are men’s teams from various regions of the world. FIFA plays a major role in promoting football in all parts of the world through awarding nationals and individuals with various prestigious gifts and recognitions.

Through these awards nationals as well as individuals are motivated to do their best as far as playing football is concerned. It also plays a vital role in ensuring that national teams are managed properly and that governments do not interfere with the running of its grass root organs and also suspends teams in cases where these organizations failed to do their work.

FIFA plays an important role in ensuring that referees, players and coaches exercise the highest levels of discipline. FIFA being a world association means that it requires huge amount of money to run its activities effectively throughout the world.

Therefore, it seeks assistance from multinational companies in order to boost its financial position for effective running of internal and external operations. Many companies have offered to partner with FIFA in the process of providing essential football services to office holders, referees, coaches, players and football fans.

They include; Coca-Cola Company that deals with soft drinks, the Adidas Company that specializes in sports wear, the Emirates Company that deals with air transport, Hyundai-Kia Motors that deals with the manufacture of automobiles, the Sony Company that deals with electronics and the Visa Company that deals with funds transfer services. These companies provide essential services like sponsoring teams to international and local matches, construction of stadiums and sponsoring players to other teams.

FIFA provides its members with immense benefits ranging from the advantages a country gets by being a member of FIFA to individual benefits gained by players. Nations affiliated to FIFA have good football teams since the association oversees their management and running of their programs.

It ensures that national teams are accorded all the necessary material and financial support in order to meet the international standards outlined by FIFA. The existence of stiff penalties to member states that do not follow the stipulated laws acts as guidelines as to how football activities should be conducted.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The International Federation of Football Association specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It also plays an important role of ensuring that all football players get the benefits they are entitled to and at the same time uphold the highest standards of morality (Menary 2007). FIFA plays an important role in ensuring that the standards of football are improved world wide. It is a unique association due to the fact that it operates on the principle of hard work and transparency.

It is an international association that strives to bring equality among states by offering equal opportunities for them to showcase their talents through competitive fixtures. It is a non political association whose main aim is to improve the standards of football in all regions of the world without overemphasizing on profit making.

Even though it offers avenues for countries to compete these competitions are vital in promoting regional and international relations among people from different backgrounds. FIFA contributes immensely to the development of economies in almost all regions of the world. The most common way of promoting economies is through organizing matches where millions of fans pay to watch live matches played in stadiums or through millions of televisions in their homes and movie theatres.

All these fans have to pay for tickets that permit them to enter the stadiums or cinema halls to watch football matches. Hundreds of thousands of people earn their living through direct or indirect contact with football. Football players are among the best paid in the world making football a highly ranked profession. Millions of traders deal with sports items like boots, kits and balls from different manufactures and this helps in reducing the problem of unemployment.

In addition, many countries of the world where major football events are held benefit greatly through construction and renovation of infrastructure to be used when competitions are about to start. South Africa is one of the countries that benefited from the 2010 World Cup competitions that were held in a number of its cities. It is estimated that she got a 30% infrastructure boost from the many stadiums and roads that were constructed and renovated prior to the commencement of the competition.

Therefore, it plays a great role in developing Saudi Arabia due to the possibilities of offering jobs to thousands of people who trade in sports gears. It also promotes cultural exchange between citizens of Saudi Arabia and those from other regions of the world.

This means that there will be open spaces for foreign investors in the near future as there will be high prospects of international tournaments being held there. In addition, Saudi Arabia is developing its road, air and railway transport system that is aimed at providing reliable transport services to its citizens and foreigners.

The main programs offered by FIFA include training current and upcoming players as well as coaches and referees in order to improve football standards in Saudi Arabia. Attraction of World Cup to Saudi Arabia takes two approaches that are necessary in shaping the world’s perception regarding this country.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The International Federation of Football Association by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The first approach is through peace promotion that will aim at portraying citizens as friendly and social to strangers unlike the past that has been tainted with perceptions of war and unending conflicts. The second approach is promoting football popularity through boosting the performance of the national team to be recognized among the best performing teams in the world.

The government should also be encouraged to invest in football in order to boost the morale of football players, coaches and fans. FIFA can play an important role in promoting any upcoming business through advertising it during matches that are aired in millions of televisions world wide. It can also promote a business through advertising it in billboards and posters located in major highways and in stadiums that host major sporting events.

The major strengths that are accredited to FIFA include their ability to influence governments to promote local football teams and this encourages career developments (Mason and Pierre 2005). It controls the running of its affiliated organs and encourages transparency in affairs that involve players, coaches and countries (FIFA 2007). Discipline among football coaches and players have improved due to the presence of stiff penalties for those who break football rules.

However, cases of corruption abound in the management of the association and this discredits its value. In addition, election malpractices have been reported in many instances and this threatens fairness in the running of their programs. The association has failed to control internal wrangles in many of its affiliate associations therefore making football teams from these countries perform below their abilities.

This association has also failed to create a balance between all teams of the world resulting to great rifts between well paying teams and poorly organized teams. Lastly, the association has been linked with application of double standards as far as sanctions and other disciplinary measures are concerned making some members to feel neglected and discriminated against.

Conclusion FIFA is an association that has brought justice and sanity to football in almost all regions of the world. It enhances interactions among individuals and states that in turn promotes peace in the world. Even though this association is facing challenges that threaten its effectiveness it is still ranked among the best international associations.

References Elvis, M. (2010). 2010 Fifa World Cup South Africa Official Book. New York: Carlton Books.

FIFA. (2007). Official Rules of Soccer. New York: Triumph Books.

Mason, T, and Lanfanchi Pierre. (2005). 100 Years of Football: The Fifa Centennial Book. New York: WN Publishers.

Menary, S. (2007). Outcasts: The Lands that FIFA Forgot. Kansas: Pitch Publishing.

Tumlin, R. (2006). FIFA Levies and the Collection of Judgments in Georgia. New York: AuthorHouse.


Exchange Rate Market Report college admission essay help

Executive summary Our corporate J was a large financial company in Australian doing foreign exchange business. For doing the gambling business we need to change money to US dollar and EURO. We started trading with an amount equivalent to $400 AUD. This was to be used in purchasing and thereafter selling of foreign currencies in accordance to the fluctuating rates and tap the difference to earn profit from it.

This led to an in depth analysis on the currencies we were to trade in and the economic implications to these given currencies that might lead to the fluctuating prices. We analyzed among other factors Exchange rate expectations, International speculation and investment, Commodity prices, Relative interest rates and Purchasing power parity and Relative inflation rates.

These factors were to influence our trade in the currencies. We invested the amount and traded as we thought best but ended up making a loss of $1,025,444. The net loss was due to some wrong decisions that were arrived at after an analysis of the above mentioned factors. (Barro 2008)

Introduction Jupiters corporate j objectives

The objective is to figure out how to raise EUR 480m in addition to raising USD 200m for purchase of gaming equipment. This is only possible if we make right investment for purposes of future profits for the company. Analysis of the movement in the market was very critical before the market opened in order to come up with a trading strategy to make profits and knowing the right time to sell. (Blanchard 2008)

Market view

The inflation rate at this time is not very high and the purchasing power parity was generally average. However, the demand for the Great Britain pounds fell to a very low point (Mankiw 2006). This was due to the inflation experience in this Great Britain. The spot rate we were dealing with indicated an exchange rate of about 1.6130.

The selling and buying influenced the price leading to slight fluctuations depending on the commodity currency that the exchange rate would be conducted in. Generally, the prices of GBP reduced and were selling at a lower rate. The USD on the other hand performed better, while we started at $0 we ended up with $207,638,640. This is because of the high demand of the currency both as a commodity and terms currency.

It may be used to indicate that the American economy was doing well with the purchasing power at stable position. A similar scenario was reflected at the Euro, the demand for the currency was high and this lead to a high price giving us a good profit margin. Having started at £0, we ended up with $583,424,646 which is generally a good margin. A complete analysis of these transactions is provided below at the strategy employed section. (Beins 2004)

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A high inflation rate in the commodity currency host country would lead to a fall for demand for the products produced in the host country leading to the lesser demand of the currency and the value of the same would fall. This lead us to taking serous considerations to the inflation rates of the commodity currency host countries in order to make informed decisions on how to trade on the same. (Mcneill 2009).

The factors that influence exchange that we considered included: Ask and Bid/offer factors

Asking for a price of a given currency from a bank influences the success or failure of the exchange rate. When one rings a bank and asks for a quotation for a given currency and the bank agrees on a given quotation, the decision to buy the given amount of currency at that rate relies on the buyer in this case us. And as such, we were at liberty to choose where and at what price we would buy the currency.

For the bid/offer factor, the bank also aims at selling at the highest price and buy at the lowest price in order to have a bigger spread since the exchange market does not have discounts (Krugman 2009)

Relative economic growth rates

An increase in the economic growth rate of the commodity currency host country would lead to a higher demand in the commodity currency and hence higher prices. For instance, if the Australian economy was to increase at a higher rate than most of the world economies, it would mean that there would be a higher demand for the AUD currency to purchase the imports since there is a higher purchasing power among the Australians.

This leaves the market with less AUD and hence an increased demand for the AUD and a limited supply leading to the shift of the prices of the currency. The economic growth rate therefore informed an important part of our decision on whether and when to sell or not.

We took a research on the economic growth rate on host countries of the currencies we were to deal with. These included the United States of America, Australia, Great Britain and the European Union. (Cohen 2007)

Purchasing power parity and Relative inflation rates

A high inflation rate in the commodity currency host country would lead to a fall for demand for the products produced in the host country leading to the lesser demand of the currency and the value of the same would fall. This lead us to taking serous considerations to the inflation rates of the commodity currency host countries in order to make informed decisions on how to trade on the same. (Mcneill 2009)

We will write a custom Report on Exchange Rate Market specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Relative interest rates

This is formed our biggest mistake in the factors that we considered affecting the exchange rates. We assumed that a higher nominal rate would translate to higher investments into the country and therefore a rise in demand of the country’s currency value this should in turn lead to a rise in the value of the currency in question. However, the real situation is not as we thought. We ignored the fact that a country with a high interest rate would also have a higher inflation rate (Cohen 2007).

Australia cut the interest rate from 4.25 to 3.75. Once the interest rate decreased, the expert return is getting lower so that the demand of AUD is getting lower. This is because of the reasonable assumption that the real interest between countries is constant. The increase of nominal interest rate of Britain from 7.5% to 9% which attracted our interest and lead to believe that real interest had arisen.

But we ignored that inflation rate had risen from 4.5% to 6.2%. This meant that the inflation rate had really hampered the real interest rate which had reduced by 0.2%. It reasonable since if this were not the case, capital would flow to the country with high interest rates until the interest rates are constant in the world.

It is however important to realize that nominal rate is different from real interest rate. Since normal interest rates do not take into consideration the inflation rate in the given country’s when coming up with up with the rates while real interest rates do. i.e.

Real interest rate=Nominal interest-inflation rate

As such, considering only the nominal interest rate of a country and making trading conclusions about of it is dangerous. In our analysis of the various countries and their interest rates, we only considered the nominal interest rate and did not calculate the real interest which we were to consider in making decisions on the trade. (Mankiw 2006)

Commodity prices

An international change in the prices of a commodity would lead to a change in the demand of that commodity. If this commodity is an export of the given country, due to a higher inflation in that country, the prices of that commodity will rise in the international market which will eventually lead to a reduction in the demand for that commodity and as such reduce the demand for the commodity currency of the given host country. A reduction in the demand for the currency will also lead to a reduction in the price of that currency. This is a factor that we took into consideration while conducting our analysis. (Arnold 2010)

International speculation and investment

Global speculation influences the price of currencies as investments drive it. For instance, speculation on the default of the US economy has lead to the preference of the Australia as an alternative investment destination. This leads to a rise in the demand of the AUD and therefore a rise in the price of the currency. In however leads to a reduction in the price of USD as investors shift their focus to more friendly economies. (Krugman 2009)

Exchange rate expectations

Another very important factor we took into consideration was the exchange rate expectation. This has been known to influence the market a great deal. When investors expect the price of the currency to fall, they will sell the currency to avoid making loss of selling the currency later. This will increase the supply of the currency in the exchange market and hence reducing the price of the currency. The reverse is also true. (Barro 2008)

Not sure if you can write a paper on Exchange Rate Market by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Trading strategy and performance analysis

Opening Position Open Pos in AUD Net Trades Current Pos Curr Pos In AUD Change AUD $143,097,090 $143,097,090 -$140,636,019 $2,461,072 $2,461,072 -$140,636,019 USD $0 $0 $208,926,000 $208,926,000 $207,638,640 $207,638,640 EUR $0 $0 $454,312,772 $454,312,772 $583,424,646 $583,424,646 GBP $425,000,000 $681,417,348 -$406,299,070 $18,700,930 $29,964,637 -$651,452,711 JPY $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 Trading strategy

The following are the trading strategy we employed when trading in each of the currency traded. The factors considered and guided the trade are the speculation that was surrounding each of the currency, the economic situation of the commodity currency’s economy, interest rates economic growth rates and commodity prices in the given countries (Mcneill 2009). We embarked on the activity of getting to know who our sellers were and analyzing their offers against others.

We would also target the lowest offer by the banks and the RBA on the average prices of the currencies and identify the lowest bidders from which we would then buy from. Getting the lowest bidder in the market demands a very good knowledge on the sellers and their prices. Being the price takers, we would have to wait for the price of the currencies to be fixed and then identify who was selling at the lowest price. (Cohen 2007)

Performance Analysis As a corporate, a price taker, we started with a good attitude from the market. Most of our clients were from our gambling games recommended us to other people, cooperate and banks. We went therefore to buy at the lowest prices offered price by the bank since we are a price taker and sell at the highest of prices to our clients.

We had a team of two people (Arnold 2010), one of us would be engaged in looking for buyers that we would sell the currencies to while the other would focus on looking for the lowest bidders to whom we would sell the currencies. The first thing we had to do was to analyze the factors that shape the prices of the currencies and speculate on most likely prices of the currencies.

We would then call banks and take the lowest prices they offered to us since we are a price taker. At the instance, the prices for the currencies exchange rates were standing at USD=1.0682 EUR= 0.8016 GBP= 1.6130. The USD increased to 1.1202 and the EUR was selling at 1.2101. This helped us gain profit as we called banks and they were really interested in buying at our price of 1.10 for the EUR and 1.0 for the USD.

We sold a considerable amount of the currencies and gained a total of about $791,063, 286. This boosted our earnings and motivated our trade. Due to the hype, we started selling the GBP even though their prices had fallen to 0.999. This was because of the increase of nominal interest rates of Britain from 7.5% to 9% which attracted our interest and lead to believe that real interest had arisen. But we ignored that inflation rate had risen from 4.5% to 6.2%.

This meant that the inflation rate had really hampered the real interest rate which had reduced by 0.2%. We speculated that their prices would go down further due to the rising inflation in Britain. We had to sell all of them at a loss of about 0.614 leading to a loss of -$651,452,711.

The next day it turned out that we were right as the prices of the GBP went on declining. We however learnt that before buying any of the currencies, it is important to keep sober and analyze all factors that might shape the shift of the prices in the future (Krugman 2009).

Lessons and Possible Improvements

The float of exchange rates are influenced by inflation rates a big deal. When inflation rate rises, prices of the commodities from the commodity currency country rise above the normal price prompting buyers of these commodities to shift and purchase such commodities from other competing countries which in turn reduces the demand for the currency. A reduction on the demand of the currency means a reduction in the price of that currency.

As such, we learnt that inflation is an integral part of that determines the prices of currency and should therefore be carefully considered. The demand and supply of the currency in the exchange market also shapes the price. When the RBA reduces supply of USD for instance in the market, the prices of the USD will rise due to the forces of demand and supply.

Forces of supply and demand are determined by the supply and demand of the same by the RBA. The RBA comes in as a player to regulate the prices of the currencies depending on the current rates. High exchange rates might lead to inflation in the country and therefore to protect the economy, the RBA comes in to buy or sell currencies in order to stabilize the prices (Barro 2008)

We learnt that it when trading nothing should be taken for granted and that every factor should be considered into the finest of details. One should not assume that member states of given unions have an identical economy to the union itself, e.g. one should never assume that the economy of Britain is performing similarly to the European Union economy simply because Britain is an active member of the union.

When considering the nominal rates, one should always subtract the inflation rate and remain with the real interest rate on which one should make their decision. The real interest rate should be the basis on which decisions are anchored (Blanchard 2008).

Conclusion Even though we made good trades in most of the currencies we traded in, we made a mistake and placed a risk where we shouldn’t have leading to the loss we had. The Great Britain Pounds made us have a huge loss that could not be compensated by the profits we made from trading in the American Dollar, AUD and the Euro. (Trochim 2006)

References Arnold, A 2010, Macroeconomics, Cengage Learning, Chicago.

Barro, R. J 2008, Macroeconomics: A Modern Approach, Cengage Learning, Chicago.

Beins, B 2004, Research Methods: a tool for life, Pearson/Allyn and Bacon, Michigan.

Blanchard, O 2008, Macroeconomics, Pearson Hall, Carlifonia.

Cohen, L 2007, Research Methods in Education, Routledge, Washington D.C.

Krugman, R. W 2009, Macroeconomics, Worth Publishers, New York.

Mankiw, G 2006, Macroeconomics, W H Freeman-Usa, New York.

Mcneill, P 2009, Research Methods: Third Edition. Cengage Learning, Chicago.

Trochim, W 2006, Research Methods Knowledge Base, Cengage, Chicago.


Promotional Program at Skyways International Airlines Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Skyways International Airlines had registered a net loss over the past three years. This prompted the company’s chief marketing executive, Eric Hale, to act on a program that would reverse the situation. This move by Skyways was intended to bring about expansion through increasing international flights to the South Pacific routes as Australia, New Zealand and also domestically within the United States.

Although the South Pacific route operated on a net loss, the management of Skyways was hesitant in terminating its operations along this route. Their argument was supported by current substantial cash flow from the South Pacific which was much needed for sustaining the company’s business position.

This was the driving force behind realization of the airliners’ marginal costs. Growth prospects especially from New Zealand and Australia due to Olympic Games scheduled for 2000 in Sydney was, according to Hale, an opportunity for making profits.

Competition was however, seen from other airline service providers plying same South Pacific routes. Among key players in the industry were United Airlines, Qantas and the third competitor was Air New Zealand. These competitors relatively found market favour due to their superior machinery and travelling programs.

Having both direct and indirect flights to the South Pacific cities of Sydney, Auckland and other feeder cities within the region was a major boost for them. There was more comfort for passengers using the Boeing 747-400 aircraft, a more superior plane series offered by Skyways’ competitor companies. This meant that customer preference was favouring the competitors to the disadvantage of Skyways.

An advantage that Skyways enjoyed over the three competitors was back in its domestic setting, within the United States. It was a result of better network for feeder flights which linked to Los Angeles as a collection point before setting for the South Pacific regions.

Skyways initially had no direct flight from Los Angeles to Sydney or Auckland but with the introduction of McDonnell-Douglas aircrafts, this achievement was made possible. The improvement started its operation four years ago and this meant that planes would not have to take a break at Honolulu for refuelling.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In order to prepare an appropriate promotional program for Skyways, Eric Bale had to sample some of the company’s research findings on marketing studies. From these reviews, he fund out that the company commanded 15% market share for flights from the United States to South Pacific cities. Further in-depth analysis showed that the flights were at peak during the season of Northern Hemisphere winters with the majority of passengers being rich couples travelling for pleasure.

Determinants of this transport activity were air ticket price, travelling schedule, place or intended destination and nature of travel agents. 1990s was a bad time for Skyways as well as other airline operators due to frequent flight deregulations, low traffic, Asian depression and exorbitant costs.

An incentive by Skyways to reduce its fares was matched with an immediate response by competitors forcing Eric Bale to formulate an effective promotional program. Describing South Pacific region as a growing market important for the future of Skyways, Bale believed in a special promotional approach.

This evoked mixed reactions from company executives with others suggesting the improvement of service delivery to attract more customers. Comprehensive promotional program proposals for the coming year were to be presented by Eric Bale to the company’s president within two weeks.


Strategic Planning at the Multistate Health Corporation Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help

The Multistate Health Corporation religiously directed to provide health services to the unprivileged in society. Its headquarters located in Michigan; it owns four secondary establishments and thirty hospitals located in seventeen states, with more than 10000 employees.

The Multistate Health Corporation centers on providing health care to the less privileged in society. The Multistate Health Corporation hospitals denoted as divisions, and each division has a Chief executive officer who reports directly to regional executive vice president (Blanchard


Concept of Millennial Generation Research Paper argumentative essay help

Generation y, also referred to as the Millennial Generation, Echo Boomers or Net Generation describes the demographic group succeeding generation x (Hira 1). The date of the start and end of this generation has been a matter of speculation with some suggesting that its birth occurred between the mid 1970s and the late 1980s. Some individuals argue that the generation comprises of individuals born in the early 21st century (Hira 1).

In all definitions, the term Net Generation is specifically used to refer to the age group of individuals born between 1983 and 1988. It is argued that a child born in the early 1980s was mature enough to father an offspring before the beginning of the millennium (Hira 1). Within this period, it is quoted that the US Census Bureau referred to this generation as Echo Boomers since it brought along a drastic increase in the birth rates from the early 1980s to the late 1990s (Hira 1).

The generation y attributes varied based on the region, economic and communal conditions. However, one autonomous attribute concerning this generation is the extensive use and familiarity with modern technologies, media, and communications. In the political arena, the generation witnessed an increase in neoliberal advancements.

A Similar approach was also realized in the economic sectors although their effects on the environment are unclear. Overtime, there has been a great deal of facts and misinformation in the media regarding generation y with newspapers, journals and books focusing more on the generation than any other generation.

Background of generation Y In the media fraternity, the tem generation y initially appeared during the onset of the early 1990s (Maxwell 1). The term was a succeeding term to generation x. Generation x specifically comprises of individuals born between the early 1960s and the late 1970s.

This generation can be said to have witnessed the cold war and contributed to the rise of technology and the internet (Maxwell 1). The end of generation x in the late 1970s paved way for generation y that comprises of more than half of the world’s population currently. This generation is considered to be in the youthful stage of life.

Characteristics of generation y In an attempt to define generation y, the media has come up with several attributes distinguishing the generation from other generations. Currently, the bulk of the generation y individuals are in their 20s. They are just joining the workforce (Kane 1).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With a population of up to 70 million, they are the fastest growing group in any organization’s workforce. As companies and Industries compete for the available talent, employers cannot ignore the generation’s needs and talents. The generation’s characteristics are distinct from other generations in a number of ways (Kane 1).


Generation y can be considered tech-savvy as its members grew up in an era of new technologies. The group heavily relies on technology to perform daily tasks (Kane 1). Armed with sophisticated gadgets, phones and laptops, the generation is considered as best suited to tackle the current tech-savvy issues in the workplace (Kane 1). Another major attribute of this generation is its form and means of communication.

Unlike generation x, which preferred face-face communication, the group fancies e-mail and text –messaging (Kane 1). Online technologies such as online learning, marketing and telecommuting techniques are more preferred by the group as compared to generation x. Similarly, generation y professionals are able to operate with flexible work schedules, work better and receive huge earnings from their fewer billable hours (Kane 1).

In my opinion, the media’s description of the group is valid as market research indicates that most buyers of modern electronics and technologies are the persons between the ages of 20 and 30 years. This age group comprises of the generation y individuals (Kane 1).

Achievement oriented

As the media asserts, generation y parents can be considered as individuals who never compromise on the previous generation’s mistakes while bringing up their children (Kane 1). Thus, the generation can be considered as confident, determined and goal-oriented unlike generation x. In the workforce, the generation has high expectations, confront new challenges, and act and ask questions with authority.

Unlike generation x, individuals belonging to generation y are known to have changed workplaces more often (Kane 1). However, in my opinion I disagree with the media views describing the generation as more goal oriented. In the contemporary society, generation x members can be considered to be more focused on their achievements than generation y. Thus, the media’s perception is not entirely through on this generation.


The media suggests that generation y spent its early years preoccupied with team sports and numerous group activities. In this regard, individuals in this group have grown up to become people who value cooperation in their daily activities. Unlike other past generations, the generation can be considered more loyal, committed and team oriented (Kane 1).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Concept of Millennial Generation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In my view, the media’s attributes on generation y regarding cooperation and teamwork is true. Evidenced by the continuous involvement of the generation in team buildings and social networking, the group can be considered more team-oriented than any other generation.


Children belonging to generation y have experienced a more diverse society than any other generation. The society has increased its multicultural values altering the traditional family believes and values. As a result, the generation and their families have witness several sexual alignments in the society. In the early 1980s, at the birth of the generation, homophobia was rampant in the American society (Kane 1).

On the contrary, today’s society is less opposed to the homosexual behaviors. This is because of the increased number of less conservative and diverse generation y individuals in the society. Researchers have noted that the greatest achievement brought about by this generation in the American society is the diversification of American cultures (Kane 1).

The generation has overturned the older generations’ believes as it has redefined its own cultural styles, permissions and linguistics. In its lifestyles behaviors, the generation has appeared to be more tolerant to cohabitation, single parenting and comprehensive families unlike generation x. Similarly, in the political arena, generation y has proved to be more democratic and liberal than the past generations (Hira 1).

To hold up to the media’s views, I do think the generation diversity is undoubted. This is true because the generation’s lifestyle is unique and assorted unlike any other generation indicating its diversity.

Social evolution for generation y Generation y individuals are responsible for the global evolution and spread of information technology (Ponce 1). With the drastic social media evolution, technology has become part of the daily activities. Businesses and other related workforce have undergone a major restructuring in order to position themselves at the competitive edge (Ponce 1).

In the workforce, generation y has facilitated communication and networking through mediums like Facebook, Twitter and other social channels of communication. Challenging the use of the old means of communication, and appreciating and accepting the generation’s technologies, ideas, and concepts will significantly enhance companies’ workforce (Ponce 1).

Currently, companies that have adopted the generation’s social tools and concepts have a greater chance of gaining new knowledge, enhance teamwork, save time, communicate, and overcome information gaps (Ponce 1). The generation’s attitude coupled with its creativity and ambitiousness has revolutionized the workplace. Therefore, I consider the media’s analysis on the contribution of this group to be valid.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Concept of Millennial Generation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Similarly, in my view, through the evolution of the social media instigated by generation y, business ventures have had improved productivity coupled with efficient workforce. As seen from the human resource shift to social media as a tool for recruiting generation y workers, the social media is a successful and innovative product of this generation (“Interview Questions” 1.)

Conclusion In my opinion, the media’s definition of generation y is appropriate. This is because the media’s method of specifically distinguishing this generation from other generations is fully substantiated (Joella 1). Thus, one can easily identify and distinguish a generation y individual from other generations.

Due to its current immense contribution in various sectors ranging from economic to technological sectors, the group’s contribution is undoubted. Thus, it is appropriate for companies and business ventures to allow the generation y labor force into their premises if they want to remain viable and increase productivity in the current market system.

Works Cited Joella, Annabelle. “English Investigative Journalism: Newspaper Articles: Gen Y more gracious than Gen X: Survey AND More giving to charity from the grave.” English Investigative Journalism. Version 1. no publisher, 2012. Web.

Hira, Nadira A. “Generation Y – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. wikipedia. Web.

“Interview Questions


Financial Challenges in Companies Expository Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Literature review



Introduction Though managing an organisation involves long-term thinking and careful consideration of the organisational dynamics, many corporations cannot handle untimely alterations of the business environment. This is because the global monetary crisis comes at an unprecedented time, making it difficult for some organisations to put their operations in a manner that helps them cope with such financial challenges.

Despite the reality that financial challenges have hit global business operations in one way or the other, and at different times, the horizon at which the companies operate has not been so proactive (Gustavo, Michaely


Income Inequality in Marxism, Structuralism, Neoliberalism, and Dependency Theory Essay college essay help

Table of Contents The Institutionalisation of Inequality in the Context of Marxism

Structuralism and the Aspects of Economy

Dependency Theory and the Factor of the Economic Inequality

Neoliberalism as the New Approach to the Economic Inequality

Reference List


The peculiar features of every country’s development should be discussed from the point of the character of the economic relations within the country and from the point of the country’s position within the global economic environment. Thus, one of the main criteria according to which it is possible to analyze international relations theories in their connection with the sphere of economy is the notion of income inequality.

Such theories as Marxism, Structuralism, Neoliberalism, and Dependency Theory discuss the notion of economic inequality according to their specific concepts which differ from each other and have a lot of variations. That is why inequality in the sphere of economy is a multidimensional concept which can be analyzed in various contexts with references to different international relations theories.

The Institutionalisation of Inequality in the Context of Marxism Examining the economic inequality as the main criterion to determine the major aspects of Marxism, it is important to pay attention to the fact that in the case of Marxism the inequality is discussed at the country’s level. The distribution of the necessary means among the population in the Marxist’s society is based on the individuals’ needs1.

This principle of distribution makes people be rather equal in their economic status within the society. However, the opposite approach to the distribution of means is the base of the Capitalist’s society where class relations function. Thus, the economic inequality is the main condition for the development of the class relations. The ideas of Marxists were further developed by Structuralists with determining the additional categories.

Structuralism and the Aspects of Economy Basing on the Marxist’s ideas on the class relations as the key factor of the domestic economic development, Structuralists focus on the global economic progress and make accents on the position of the country within the world context. From this point, the world is divided into the developed and developing countries, and there are definite relations of dependency among them which are connected with the issue of class relations2.

The developed countries have the fundament of their economic progress in following the principles of capitalism which is based on the economic inequality of classes and individuals. The income inequality as the economic injustice is the main characteristic feature of the Capitalistic society.

The distribution of the world resources between the developed and developing countries is unequal and contributes to the progress of the economic polarization within the global market. That is why it is possible to state that according to the principles of Structuralism the world relations are based on the rather unjust rules provided by the Capitalistic countries which impose the relations of inequality at the global arena. Such relations provoke the dependency of the developing countries on the economic state of the developed countries. This aspect becomes the key one for working out the Dependency Theory.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Dependency Theory and the Factor of the Economic Inequality Dependency Theory operates the notion of the economic inequality at the world level and discusses it as the global inequality which is realized in the unequal relations between the developed and developing countries3. According to the Dependency Theory, it is almost impossible to speak about the notion of justice in the relations between the classes within states and between the definite countries because there are always dominant countries and the dependent ones.

In this situation the relations of dependency are based on the fact that the developed countries are inclined to enrich their potentials using the developing countries with the high level of poverty which emphasizes the notion of global inequality4.

Neoliberalism as the New Approach to the Economic Inequality The principles of Neoliberalism are often discussed as the possible measures to restrict the level of the poverty in the developing countries5. Thus, Neoliberalism argues any governmental restrictions and barriers between the countries as the ways to limit the economic possibilities of the individuals and states6.

That is why the only way to the economic progress is the establishment of the free markets and free trade between the countries. It is the first step to the globalization when the low income of the societies of the developing countries can be explained by the fact of the existing barriers which separate these countries from the global market7.

Economic inequality is the category which determines the peculiarities of the development of the countries as an independent state and the part of the global market. In spite of the fact the notion is characteristic for all the international relations theories in connection with the sphere of economy the approaches to its discussion are rather different.

Reference List Devetak, R, J George