Economic Crisis Of Europe Report Argumentative Essay Help

Europe has been affected massively by the economic crisis. Some nations in Europe have suffered massively and are dragging the entire European economic block behind. Such nations include Spain, Greece and Portugal. While some countries such as Germany and United Kingdom seem to have recovered fully from this crisis others haven’t.

One of the key causes of this crisis was fiscal and corporate malpractice by governments and banks respectively. The article indicates that governments should institute proper policies that will ensure the debt-GDP ratio is appropriate. There two sides to borrowing in an economy. First, it encourages expansion of the economy since it increases expenditure.

However, borrowing increases expenditure beyond what a nation can sustain on the long run. Furthermore, it also increases recurrent expenditure which does not contribute to the development or expansion of the economy. A government should attempt to establish an optimum level for the debt component in the budget. This will limit the negative implications of the debt component on the economy.

The European Union has embraced tougher measures to ensure economic reforms in the nations that are most affected by the debt. Consequently, the union has instituted austerity measures in the nations that are still reeling from the economic crisis. Austerity measures seek to bring sanity to the economy by reducing the gap between expenditure and income in member states.

These measures will ensure that a country can sustain itself on the long run. In the current economic state, austerity measures are prudent since they will reduce the dependency on debt.

Greece’s slow recovery has resulted in attempts to force it’s exist form the economic block. It’s exist would result in tougher economic prospects for the nation. Nonetheless, the impacts of Greece’s exist would depend on the economic policies adopted in that nation.

The European Union faces countless problems according to the article. Some of these problems are a key threat to the prosperity of this union. Nations have varying economic policies that depend on the challenges they are encountering and their economic ambitions. Policies adopted by the union seem not to contradict the internal policies of some nations. This has made harmonization of economic policies harder.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the key challenges that has been hampering monetary integration in the European Union is the adoption of a single currency. Such a move would make it easier to trade in the union. However, some nations have been unwilling to adopt the proposed currency. Owing to this, the article asserts that the union is dead with regard to its monetary policies.

The article provides factual evidence of the monetary challenges the union will encounter. A single currency will necessitate a single interest rate. Nonetheless, it is difficult to have a single rate since nations are facing different economic hurdles. Furthermore, they have different economic ambitions based on which they set their interests. In light of the above, it will be extremely difficult to harmonize the monetary system.

The European Union’s proposed central banking system will face countless challenges. However, the union can undertake some monetary harmonization which will set the stage for further economic synchronization. The monetary aspect of European Union seem to be the hardest to integrate. This is attributable to the sensitive nature of currencies and other macroeconomic factors such as inflation and money supply.

Individual nations should maintain control on such vital aspect of the economy. Ultimately, the success of European Union will depend on political negotiations, compromises and undertaking decisive action. Decisive action include adopting tough measures against nations that are unwilling to comply, yet they want to remain as member states of the union.

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The TiVo Company Report a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

The TiVo Company is a company that offers an avalanche of television solutions through a variety of solutions that make it possible for the viewer to enjoy an independent form of viewing. The pioneers of TiVo were Jim Barton and Mike Ramsay. The invention of the company-redefined entertainment in numerous ways as it delivered the promise of much hyped technologies.

TiVo is the pioneer of home entertainment and a creator of the first Digital Video Recorder (DVR). The largest part of the company’s business is in partnerships with leaders in technology and entertainment industry. Some of the company’s partners include Virgin, DirecTV, Hewlett-Packard (HP), among others.

The company partners with the aforementioned companies to provide its customers with branded boxes that incorporate the DVR technology synonymous with TiVo (Barton 28-35).

History, Development, and Growth of TiVo over Time The TiVo idea began to shape up in the late 1990’s with Ramsay and Barton working together to provide a project network in Orlando. This was necessitated by a joint venture between SGI and Time Warner that culminated in the creation of an interactive television system.

It took a short time for the pioneers to come into a realization that they could develop a similar system, which exhibited greater intelligence at a consumer friendly price. The system on their mind would be easier to use. Moreover, viewers would be capable of controlling television programming and timing. The aforementioned idea was the core part of TiVo genesis.

To transfer this idea to reality, Jim Ramsay and Mike Barton quickly assembled of a top-notch team that would facilitate delivery of the TiVo promise. Subsequently, TiVo blended Silicon Valley, Madison Avenue, and Hollywood together to create a television service that was personal and to enable the masses to access.

In 1999, this company unveiled the television service at consumers at an electronics show for national consumers. From this time, the company continues to work diligently to ensure that viewers enjoy better television. This feat has been achieved through teaming with industry leaders to foster changes in the manner that consumers can interact with and enjoy the television (Barton 29-36).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Following the launch of the first working TiVo prototype, at the 1999 show, and limited time for the completion of an authentic working product, Mike Ramsy dared the TiVo Company to ship the DVR by April 1999. This was to the thrill of everyone with many dubbing the effort ‘the Blue Moon’.

To deliver this promise, the team working on the idea had to dedicate time and effort with most of the members spending the entire March at the company’s premises. In March, TiVo rolled out the first box from the assembly point.

Following the launch of TiVo, the company has been made available in Mexico, Taiwan, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and Puerto Rico. The Cable CARD standard is incorporated in the new models of the company albeit limited in the United States (Chorianopoulos and Spinellis 50).

Internal Strengths and Weaknesses for TiVo TiVo uses patents to guard its products from imitation. These patents enable the company to operate effectively without the fear of imitations. Moreover, this strength has enabled the company to amass profits and ward off competition. Since its launch, the company has been conducting successful campaigns, which have enabled it to have a bigger market share relative to its competitors.

The company has internal strength in licensing technologies. Some of the companies that have such licenses are Toshiba, DirecTV, Pioneer, and Sony.

Furthermore, because TiVo integrates its technologies with the products of the aforementioned companies, TiVo is capable of necessitating the adoption of the future products for these industries. In return, this will facilitate the adoption of TiVo services. The company’s strength enables them to target the consumers effectively (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 28).

With regard to the company’s internal weaknesses, TiVo tends to rely on its partners. The company over reliance on its numerous partners is a weakness as this implies that the company trends are determined by the business trends of the partners. A slump in the sale of products by its partners implies that TiVo will experience a similar slump.

We will write a custom Report on The TiVo Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The company has a weakness because of the separation from its customers by its partners. Most of TiVo customers go through the company’s partners in case they want to seek clarification or launch complaints. This feat prevents TiVo from giving direct assistance to its customers as these customers go to the partners first.

In the light of this, there exists the need for the company to appoint directors who will influence the future direction of DVR. In addition, the TiVo gets core product components from a supplier. This is a weakness because the supplier can decide to charge higher prices to the detriment of TiVo’s productivity (Ferrell and Hartline 295).

The External Environment Surrounding the Company Constant changes are prevalent in the TiVo’s external environment and the industry in which the company operates. TiVo can formulate its strategies after accessing if the external environment favors its operations. There are general environmental factors that explain the nature of TiVo’s environment. These are global, social-cultural, demographic, political/legal, economic, and technological factors.

The youth in the United States are relatively more technologically knowledgeable than the older population. Consumer demographics of the TiVo Company are individuals aged 25-45 years. The company focuses on market of the individuals in their 30’s prior to designing services and products.

Since the company’s inception in 1999, the aforementioned age group has evolved into sophisticated user of technologies formulated by the likes of TiVo. Subsequently, this has compelled TiVo to increase breadth and depth of the available technology in the services and products (Ferrell and Hartline 295).

In the technological domain, understanding and use of DVR is rampant in the United States. Moreover, other countries embracing the DVR are at their introductory phases. Through technology, even the average homes have been rendered capable of imitating the basic functionality of DVR. Moreover, the cycle of television purchase has shortened because of technology updates, faster decline of prices.

TiVo technology of stand-alone televisions replicates a computer’s functionality. In the economic environment, the recent recession that rocked financial markets affected the company’s sales and was a blow to companies that sold luxury items. TiVo was among these companies because its DVR concept is not a necessity when watching or using a television (Chorianopoulos and Spinellis 49).

The economic turmoil translated to less income at the disposal of the consumers, which in turn was responsible for lack of purchase of luxury goods such as TiVo sets. Currently, the company is grappling with the effects of the recession with the customers being cautious buying luxury products.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The TiVo Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite predictions that the economy of the United States will continue exhibiting an upward trend, TiVo sales range from slow to moderate (Barton 30).

The political/legal environment affects the way the company conducts its operations. Currently, there exist numerous unsettled laws concerning intellectual property. The foci of these laws have been the ability of technology to alter shows. Legal issues with Internet use have also characterized the legal climate. Particularly, YouTube has been airing copyrighted material devoid of the owner’s permission.

Lawsuits on patents are currently going on in the technology front over the need to enforce patents. Furthermore, several bodies are charged with the responsibility of ensuring that current regulations and laws are enforced appropriately and involved companies are in compliance.

Generally, the political/legal environment surrounding TiVo’s operations is dynamic because of constant scanning and monitoring (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 294).

TiVo company’s global environment is characterized by two aspects, which are emerging markets and intellectual property rights. Enforcement of intellectual property legislation and copyright laws is marred with inconsistency in the entire global market.

Currently, the most vital aspect in this realm is the enforcement of such laws because technology is always reverse-engineered in countries like China and resold at lower costs in gray markets.

Moreover, new markets such as Brazil, China, and India are advancing and the DVR market is likely to expand with the middle and upper classes in these markets increasing in size and wealth. TiVo should be wary of these developments because they are globalization benefits that come with piracy risks and intellectual property infringement (Barton 29).

SWOT Analysis Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth (2006; 297) reveal that TiVo has numerous strengths with the demand of the DVR rising since the public understood and accessed the company’s technology.

With the television being pivotal in the American life, the strengths of this company are obvious. The company has strength in increased subscriptions particularly in the United States because no other country has surpassed large television viewing than the United States.

Factor conditions in the United States are sources of strength for this company. The company has access to capital from well-established corporate banks and private individuals. The entrepreneurial culture in the United States guarantees the company knowledgeable workforce, which cannot be replicated in other countries.

Communications infrastructure in the United States is an advanced factor and a source of strength for the company. Most of the homes in country have telephone lines and televisions, which are sources of demand for the company (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 297-298).

The company is supported by various industries. Because the company makes products complementary to the televisions, in case the aforementioned broadcasting companies offer poor programming quality, TiVo’s uses will decline.

The company has a market characterized by intense rivalry; Comcast and EchoStar are some of the competitors as they offer generic DVR. Replay TV has also been a major competitor in the stand-alone concept. This competition compels the company to evolve and cut costs while making innovations to its products (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 297-298).

Opportunities and Threats Currently, TiVo has an avalanche of opportunities. The DVR industry is rising and analysts expect an increase in the number of consumers. Promotion and advertising is a good opportunity for TiVo. The marketing aspect of sponsoring products is an opportunity that will enable TiVo Company to enjoy a larger market share. TiVo has a tempting opportunity in the global market.

The United States is among many countries that enjoy viewing the television. These countries can also provide a larger consumer base for the products of this company. When the company becomes more stable and gains wider acceptance in the United States, control over the foreign markets will be the next move for this company (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 233).

Despite the numerous opportunities for TiVo Company, the DVR industry has a fair share of threats. Satellite and cable providers are threatening the success of this company by producing generic units. An example is DISH networks that have introduced a generic unit that has been subscribed to by many consumers.

Imitations from other companies are exhibiting highly advanced technology than that of the TiVo products. Comcast cable is a company that conducts campaigns aimed at increasing the awareness of the technology used by Comcast but TiVo enjoys the dominance in DVR industry (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 297-298).

The stand-alone concept in television boxes will soon be rendered obsolete. The integration of DVR into set-top boxes will soon phase out the stand-alone concept. The latter has about a quarter of TiVo’s subscriptions. Barriers to entry are low in the market that TiVo is involved.

Nevertheless, the entry of big competitors should be a source of concern, as these competitors will offer more innovative products, cheaper products, and products that can be used with ease.

TiVo may struggle to hold on to its market if it fails to differentiate itself through low prices for its products (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 338). According to Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth (2006; 298) the DVR industry has been consolidated. Consumer who gets cheap DVR units from rivals will seldom decide to buy from TiVo, notwithstanding the add-on’s and features provided by the company.

Corporate-Level Strategy by TiVo The corporate level determines the way resources are allocated in the company. The TiVo Company defines its markets based on the age, income, and preferences of the consumers. This strategy has been of great importance to the company because the targeted market segment consists of individuals with high income and technologically knowledgeable.

Through corporate strategy, the company has decided recently to diversify their market through entry into other countries. The company continues to improve the technological features of its products to maintain and expand their market. The numerous partnerships made by the TiVo Company are core part of the company’s corporate level strategy.

These strategic alliances are necessary, as the company cannot manage to venture into the technology and communications industry on its own. Directors at the company set high standards for its officers and employees. These standards are implicit in the philosophy of good corporate governance. The directors have the responsibility of ensuring that the targets of the shareholders are met (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 117).

Business-Level Strategy The business-level strategy used by the TiVo Company can be accessed upon a closer look at the company’s demographics, consumption patterns, lifestyle choices, and industrial characteristics among other factors. As mentioned earlier, TiVo focuses on customers aged between 25-45 years. These customers are technologically knowledgeable and have the capacity to buy TiVo products despite its high prices.

The lifestyles choices of the individuals in this age bracket are more on luxury and entertainment goods. On the other hand, the industry in which TiVo operates is highly dynamic because of technological preferences.

The TiVo Company adopts a business strategy of ensuring that the customers are equipped with the latest television strategy. Through partnership with major players in the broadcasting industry, the company can cater for the preferences of its consumers (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 29).

The Business level strategy used by this company limits consumer base through the high prices that are charged for its products. Although the company enjoys a better market relative to its competitors, charging lower prices can guarantee a wider market. The five forces model by porter can also explain the business strategy adopted by this company. The company’s strategy has been largely influenced by the influx of major competitors.

Manager must continue to formulate newer strategies to ward off the competitors. Rivalry is rife in the entertainment industry. Price wars have exacerbated rivalry and determine the strategies to be adopted by the company and its competitors. With regard to substitute products, the company operates in a market with few substitutes (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 29).

Structure and Control Systems The structure of the TiVo Company comprises of board of directors that determine the direction of the company. Other teams involved in the company’s operations are the Research and Development (R

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View of Boston Bombing Descriptive Essay essay help online

The world got astonished by the attack during the Boston marathons last week. A huge number of people had turned up looking forward to a great day in the world of sports, fans had dressed in various colors and gamblers had already put bets on who was to win. No one was prepared for a terrorist attack except for the police, who were there to keep peace but who were not expecting a thing to go wrong.

Sniffer dogs were everywhere but the terrorist or the group of terrorists managed to trick all the enforcers of peace. The first round was okay, and fans were busy humming, cheering Capella in jubilation.

The atmosphere was filled with an aura of happiness just before the unexpected happened. The first blast spread panic among people around, while the second signified hysteria; people started to run helter-skelter, and it was upon the emergency workers to save the day.

The police tried to push the crowd away from the sight, while the doctors in all hospitals dropped their appointments to cater for the many affected by these terrible blasts. The firefighters took their trucks with a mission to rescue those affected. Sirens could be heard as the ambulances were driving fast towards the sight ready to ferry the injured to the awaiting doctors.

The military also joined in trying to usher the crowd away from the sight and give way to the firefighters. However, people got confused and critical time was wasted during the operation. When one of the soldiers was interviewed, he stressed on public education in regards to ‘how to act when faced with an emergency.’ The soldiers resorted to tearing down the fence to give way for the estranged crowd.

Bodies and body parts were scattered all over the place, the injured could be heard moaning in pain. Mothers didn’t know where their children were and vice versa.

Some emergency workers who had quickly arrived for the rescue operation were also affected, since their families included those who had attended the celebrated event. “As much as these emergency workers are professionally trained, it does not stop them from being human” (Kalman 122). They are just men and women who have dedicated their lives to save others.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Resources were a major challenge; as much as the paramedics were prepared to give first aid to the injured, there weren’t enough ambulances on the site. It was also reported that in one of the hospitals a doctor was handling more patients than it was allowed. Thus, the government should think about increasing the number of medics.

The bomb squad didn’t have enough equipment to find the cause of the blast or to prevent another. Most people at the scene were expecting the third attack; it was only out of sheer luck that it didn’t occur. If only these men and women had all the equipment they needed, maybe the three who died would have lived to tell their story.

“It is only when disaster strikes that we realize how unprepared we are; thus every disaster should be treated as a warning of what may happen caught up again in a maze of unpreparedness” (Kalman 158).

We may not prevent a bomb from detonating, but are we prepared well enough to save the lives of those affected? If the emergency rescue workers had enough resources, maybe the number of casualties in either natural or fabricated disasters would be less. At the same time, if only the public was taught how to react in case of an emergency situation, maybe rescue workers would have an easier time.

Works Cited Kalman, Bobbie. Hospital Workers in the Emergency Room. USA: Crabtree Publishing Company, 2005

Kalman, Bobbie. Emergency Workers Are on Their Way! USA: Crabtree Publishing Company, 2005

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Management Consultancy Project Annotated Bibliography essay help: essay help

Annotated List of Books and Articles Gothberg, H. (1991). Time Management in Public Libraries: A Study of Public Libraries. Public Libraries, 30(6), 350–377

The author of this article discusses various procedures, established in public libraries. This study shows how public administrators can make the work of public libraries more time-efficient.

Kinnell, M.,

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Impacts of the ‘War on Terror’ on Human Rights Analytical Essay college essay help online

Introduction The very legacy of war of any kind is its disregard for human rights. The September 11 attacks on the United States’ commercial hubs in New York and Washington provoked America and allies to launch an international offensive to counter the growing threat by terror groups. However, the decision to launch a global war on terror has had its fair share of both negative and positive ramifications on international human rights (Ishay 2004, p. 364).

Combating political or religious extremist networks of any magnitude has had a series of restrictions, infringements, and violations of human rights in unprecedented scale. In the wake of war on terror, numerous countries have had to contend with arbitrary restriction on civil liberties in a nefarious effort to rid the world of extremist groups.

Human rights watch document these scenarios across all nations primarily considering the US Patriotic Act, Intelligence Cycle, and the rights of detainees as being complicit in the quest for human rights (Human Rights Watch 2015). War on terror brings forth a new global context that emboldens forces of repression to take drastic tall on international human rights. The language of war on terror evokes a strong passion to justify violation of human rights of even ordinary populations with no or concerted intent to cause mayhem.

Tracing the roots of terrorism: Jihad in Islam and other perspectives Jihad is a widespread text authored by one of the most influential and highly celebrated Islamic scholars of the twentieth Century, Sayyid Maudoodi. Maudoodi was a man of various facets, doubling as a philosopher, journalist, theologian, and political activist. In 1941, for example, he claims credit for the establishment of the Jamaat-e-Islami in Pakistan and India an ideology that re-energised the spread of Islam.

This political movement was dedicated to advocating for the establishment of untainted Islamic states in the regions governed by Sharia law (Huzen 2008, p. 33). Rather than view Jihad from a personalised, parochial view of Islam, Maudoodi view of Jihad according to Sharia law entails at the top of its priority: Family relations, socio-economic and political administration, judicial systems of the Muslim world that guarantee the laws of peace and war in diplomatic relations as well as duties and rights of citizens.

Succinctly, Jihad under the Sharia law seeks to embrace all the confluences of life. Accordingly, Sharia law aims to achieve a comprehensive scheme of life by striving to embrace and restore social order defined by the abundance of life and richness of the people (Kelsay 2007, p. 57). To the rest of the population, Jihad evokes conflict and war and it is the defining factor for making Islam to have the least reception in the minds of such opponents.

The interpretations about Jihad in several traditional Islamic jurisdictions may have been correct for their own precise classical context, nevertheless today as the entire structure crumbles, the international relations continue to wallow, and global world have undergone great alterations, it seem difficult to understand the usefulness of Jihad in today’s context.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Islamic extremists view Jihad as an Islamic holy war whose meaning is attributable to struggle as the foundation of its creed. Jihad as a popular Islamic practice emanates from the word Juhd meaning struggling in the way of Allah. Jihad therefore denotes striving to make the kingdom of Allah profound by bringing up Allah’s word of which all Muslims have an entitlement to protect Islam as a holly religion.

The confusion in the conceptualisation of Jihad is partly responsible for the continue rise of extremist groups that are currently terrorising the world. According to Kelsay (2007, p 36), Jihad, therefore, is reminiscent of a revolutionary act, a struggle to the utmost exertion, which the radicalised Islamic opinion brought into play in achieving their objectives.

With the already radicalised mind-set of the Muslim world, the Islamic extremists sought to destroy all governments and destabilise all states that were less receptive to or opposed to Islamic ideology and programmes.

The resolve of Islam was therefore, to set up states based on the ideology and programming of the Islamic opinion, regardless of which states become receptive of the Islamic ideologies (Huzen 2008, p. 42). The most indoctrinated feature of the Jihadist as a movement was to roll out a programme that ensures no state undermined Islam.

Tracing the roots of war on terror: Iraq’s inversion of Kuwait The Iraq’s disastrous inversion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 sent shockwaves to all corners of the world with America feeling the pinch technically. For America, this was not only an insult to regional tranquillity, but also pronounced domestically as bearing disastrous future to the region and the world. President George H. W. Bush particularly saw Iraq’s aggression as a proven determination to destabilise the international system and to cause a humanitarian crisis in unprecedented scale.

Bush in his official capacity as president condemned the inversion and spoke of it in bitter tones, often comparing Saddam Hussain, the Iraqi leader, to Adolf Hitler of Germany (Hinnebusch 2007, p. 10). The Bush’s administration saw a need to find a solution to this unnecessary aggression and in time became certain that the best answer to Iraq was a military action. War, according to President Bush, was the only language that Saddam would understand best.

As a result, the Bush Administration went ahead to build international coalition for a popular Iraq subduction. Not only was international inversion necessary in totality. The Bush administration saw the character of Bagdad as an opportunity to reinforce the international community. As the events unfolded, the international community knew Iraq’s intention; Bush in countenance to Iraq’s defiance mobbed a popular vendetta to quash Iraq at a most opportune moment.

We will write a custom Essay on Impacts of the ‘War on Terror’ on Human Rights specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Coming shortly after the United States’ opposition to Iraq’s interference in Kuwait, the United Nations Security Council stated their condemnation in the assault for its proclivity to human rights violations (Hinnebusch 2007, p. 22). However, in just a span of a week, the UN, and the international community slapped Iraq with a widespread sanction. The unanimous actions directed to Iraq by the international community passed out as the strongest show of unity against repression.

The Just-War Concept Whether it was by design or default, the Gulf war was, and still perceived as a moral victory for the American people and the world in general. In this war, supremacy loomed large and the forces of deceit led by Saddam Hussein were just about to subdue world peace. The Gulf conflict as Hinnebusch (2007, p. 24) notes was a war, designed, orchestrated, and executed by the very forces who have never wanted the good for humanity, forces that are itched by peace and commonality of purpose.

The United States’-led coalition against Iraq’s forces not only proved Saddam’s actions as inhumane, but also as a mark of contempt and imprudent disregard for truce as has always been fronted by the United Nations. Perhaps Saddam’s rejection to commit to popular practices that mitigate the chances of war is what majority of the people cling to as a defence for their submission of justness in the subjugation of Iraq in the Gulf conflict.

For some time now, the just-war concept has been instrumental in dictating the efficacy of going to war or not, and once consented, the demeanour of the combatants are unquestionable hence the collapse of human rights in wars against terror. It is conceivable that after the defeat of Saddam Hussein, the undercurrents of the Gulf war regrouped to form a formidable terror group for yet another onslaught (Ludvig 2014, p. 384).

In the context of the 21st century, war on terror has had some positive human rights consequences though. For example, Afghanistan has been able to shrug off from the Taliban regime. Apart from that, the on-going conflict resolution processes in Sri Lanka continues to strengthen humanitarian perspectives in the region. War on terror has greatly constrained Pakistani’s support for Kashmiri terrorists groups. Most often, though, considered on a balanced scale, the global war on terror has had negative impacts on human rights.

Patriot Act and Federal Powers The USA Patriot Act, came into force in 2001 as the most sweeping enactment following the 9/11 attack. At the behest, the presumption of the act rested on its uniting and strengthening ability to provide among other things, appropriate tools necessary to intercept and thwart terrorism. As an effective homeland security commitment to ensure the safety of the American people, the Patriot Act aimed to restore order through surveillance and rapid tracking response including seizures and detention of suspected terrorist agents.

In the aftermath of the 9/11 attack, President Bush together with the Attorney General John Ashcroft effectively rallied the Congress to increase the federal powers of search, seizures, surveillance, as well as detention of suspects (Etzioni 2004, p. 175). In the meantime, the concerns of domestic liberties were put away deliberately as the act unanimously got support from both the Democratic and Republican divide.

Among the key features of the Patriot Act included the Roving Wiretaps, which allowed the federal agency to wiretap any telephone conversations that terror suspects and agents might use to penetrate the security systems. In the course of all these developments, the federal agency became more consistent in the use of internet tracking as a means of fast tracking internet communication.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Impacts of the ‘War on Terror’ on Human Rights by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The law enforcement authorities therefore had the capacity to interfere directly in the personal accounts of individuals using the internet without necessarily having to obtain warrants for such impersonations.

The Patriot Act also guaranteed the federal authorities the right to order for business records for private and public companies for litigation scrutiny and auditing by the federal authorities. In so doing, federal investigators were able to access information and communications from consumer purchases, bank records, credit cards, libraries as well as schools, and colleges.

Moreover, the Act instituted a special Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court with the capacity to issue search certifications at the request of an investigator to launch terrorist investigation on foreign visitation to America (Panetta 2014, par. 3). In addition, the Aliens Reporting and Detention Act authorises the Federal authorities to require reportage by foreign persons vising America and those found to be in America illegally risked detention and arrest without warrant.

Within the tenets of keeping with the traditions of the Patriotic Act, the federal authorities could seize the property or obstruct such logistics of suspected terrorists. Individuals whose property fall victim of the rule bear the duty of proof that the property in question was not for the purpose of terrorism and the provision also guaranteed no claim.

The detention laws allowed the federal authorities to detain suspected terrorists and agents for lengthy periods during which interrogation and effective investigation for such persons will take place. The federal authorities became effective in fast tracking the indigenous American citizens from terrorist connections.

Patriot Act instituted prohibition against harbouring terrorists as a duty to thwart the emergent terrorist networks in America and other parts of the world. Harbouring individuals who have committed a felony amounting to terror and or are about to commit such acts of terrorism therefore became highly constrainable by the federal authorities.

In retrospect, the Patriot Act unleashed a tall order for the various institutions charged with the security of the American populations. In achieving the objectives of the Patriot Act, the American citizens became more involved in ensuring the smooth passage of the Act by showing a commitment to thwart terrorism (Panetta 2014, par. 5). Terror suspects and agents by contrast carry the greatest responsibility for their crimes as provided for by the Patriot Act.

Intelligence Cycle Intelligence cycle denotes all the activities that are within the intelligent cycle niche. Usually, these include processes that guarantee useful decision-making for a given information. As the name suggests, Intelligence Cycle is a set of processes that includes planning, data analysis and evaluation, as well as integration and information dissemination.

The war against terrorism, therefore, passes out as a moral victory not only for the American people but also for all the populations of the world. It is a proof of America’s decency to the use of power proportionately. It is a demonstration that with America as the world’s military power and intelligence might, all nations get protection against aggressors and transgressors such as Osama Bin Laden whose extremism ideologies were increasingly making the world more insecure.

Ethics entailed in war on terror Ethical and moral intelligence seeks to nurture principles of just intelligence by creating theories capable of answering many ethical concerns while emphasising on the classical metaphysical laws developed over the years. No clear theory seem to conjoin community intelligence studies to the just war theory as provided for in the military ethics.

The main forms of ethics within the study of wars on terror consist of fundamental freedoms, rights, and utilitarianism. Utilitarianism, as Moyn, Andrew, and Elizabeth (2010, p. 37) note, defines the priorities of principles and explore whether such principles conflict with those of others in practice or not.

Utilitarianism, rights, and freedoms ideologies are applicable as a single comprehensive concept of justice that assents to fairness and equal treatment for all without seeking to put individual interest above all others in any way (Cohen 1997, p. 5). These ethical principles are applicable in a broad spectrum and significance in ensuring that the least the law does not apply by default to certain individuals.

These ethics, therefore, presents the image of justice and equity concept that aims to political liberalism among individuals and within their societies without necessarily infringing on others’ freedoms or liberties. As Arneson (2000) notes, intelligence’s concept of justice as fairness envisages a society of free citizens with equal rights whose main desire is to work in harmony within a democratic and free economic systems.

Intelligence account of fair and equal treatment for all is a version of political liberalism that concerns the legitimate application of political power in an egalitarian (Arneson 2000). As noted herein, intelligence’s pedagogy of fair and equal treatment for all is a demonstration of how enduring unity is achievable even under the multifaceted worldviews that democratic institutions are capable of offering (Blake

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