Parents have always been wary of the interaction between their children and the media. These suspicions are always founded on the fact that parents do their best to instill leadership qualities on their children. Today’s media seems to undermine this goal through blatant sexualisation of young adults. The effects of this sexualisation are more severe in girls than they are on boys. Several bodies and organizations have taken note of this trend including journalist organizations, psychologists, and parent organizations.
It has also been noted that this trend is on the rise and its effects are becoming more harmful especially to the young girls. Sexualisation refers to “when a person’s value comes only from her/his sexual appeal or behavior, to the exclusion of other characteristics, and when a person is sexually objectified, for instance, made into a thing for another’s sexual use” (Egan 300).
Previously, several research projects have been undertaken with the view of unraveling how the media takes part in the sexualisation of young girls. This type of research is mostly commissioned by developmental psychologists, parent organizations, among other stakeholders. This paper explores how media influence contributes to early sexualisation of girls and some effects of this sexualisation.
Almost all forms of media have the potential to engage in the promotion of early sexualisation of young girls. These media outlets might include “television, music videos, music lyrics, movies, magazines, sports media, video games, the Internet, and digital advertising” (Vares, Jackson and Gill 144).
Some of these media forms such as teen-themed magazines and teen-themed television shows have a closer proximity to young girls. Virtually every study that has been conducted on the subject of sexualisation reveals that girls are usually on the receiving end of this practice.
Examples of sexualisation in the media include portrayal of young girls dressed in skimpy clothes and young girls posing in suggestively. Another example of sexualisation is in situations where young girls are “objectified or used as decorative objects or as body parts rather than whole persons” (Lerum and Dworkin 254). The media also influences early sexualisation by over emphasizing unrealistic beauty standards to be used as templates by young girls.
Media-initiated sexualisation often appeals to several aspects of a young girl’s life such as mode of dressing, mode of accessorizing, and choice in dolls. In American media, there are famous examples of media sexualisation. For instance, “the naughty and nice advertisement that featured pop star Christina Aguilera dressed as a schoolgirl in pigtails, with her shirt unbuttoned, licking a lollipop” (Merskin 123). This particular advertisement sought to correlate young girls and sexual appeal.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This would translate to early sexualisation because Aguilera’s mode of dressing portrayed a girl of approximately eleven years. Young girls often have a deep connection with their dolls. Barbie is the most famous doll of all time and her portrayal in the media amounts to early sexualisation. Barbie is often portrayed as a skimpily dressed young girl.
Some of the items of clothing that are supported by the media are sometimes inappropriate and misplaced. For example, most magazines and clothing catalogues advertise, “thongs for girls aged 7 to 10 years with suggestive slogans such as wink-wink” (Jackson and Vares 140). Traditionally, sex-themed fashion shows were reserved for adult females. However, today, fashion shows that are reserved for girls under the age of 12 can be sex-themed.
Sexual development among girls is consistent with other factors. Every stage of development in a girl coincides with a certain gender identity (Attwood 78). The media constantly promotes a young girls’ mode of dressing that coincides with that of adult females. The clothes are originally designed for adult women but they are then passed on to young girls.
Therefore, the lack of physical maturity that is necessary for the young girls to fit into the clothes designed for older women is often ignored. Other times the attempt to force these items of clothing on young girls is awkward. This form of early sexualisation might promote an identity crisis on the young girls (Collins 295).
The media is not the only entity that takes part in early sexualisation of young girls. However, the media takes its cue from other aspects of the society. A study conducted in the UK found out that the media takes advantage of the young girls’ interactions with their peer, teachers, and parents (Danielle and Hawkes 313).
For instance, parents usually instill the belief that maintaining youth and beauty is the most important activity for women. In today’s society, some parents go as far as suggesting plastic surgery for their young daughters. Other research studies have revealed that teachers can promote stereotypes that the media can use to perpetuate early sexualisation.
These stereotypes usually involve profiling the onset of sexual behaviors in accordance with race. Nevertheless, one of the most important tools that the media uses when promoting early sexualisation is peer influence (Bragg 284). Young girls often try to conform to the standards that are set by their peers such as thinness and fashion-sense. The media can also capitalize on the influence young boys have on young girls when perpetuating early sexualisation.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Early Sexualisation and Media Influence specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Early sexualisation of young girls can be realized through various forms. Some of these realizations can be direct influences of the media. When a young girl buys an item of clothing or an accessory that is meant to make her sexually appealing, it is a manifestation of early sexualisation.
Another manifestation of early sexualisation is when a young girl dresses or acts like her favorite ‘sexy’ celebrity. Various studies cite the media as the main driver of early sexualisation (Slater and Tiggemann 47). Therefore, it is important to note that changes within the media could have a significant impact on early sexualisation of girls.
There are several documented effects of early sexualisation among girls. Psychologists have explored how early sexualisation could affect the young girl’s well-being. Most psychologists acknowledge that early sexualisation can influence a girl’s cognitive, mental, and sexual well-being. One of the known effects of early sexualisation is self-objectification. This effect can interfere with a girl’s cognitive abilities therefore hampering her mathematical or logical reasoning abilities (Machia and Lamb 18).
Current research also shows a direct relationship between early sexualisation and mental health shortcomings among women including eating disorders, depression, and low self-esteem issues (Stice and Agras 271). The ability to develop a healthy sexuality in girls can also be affected by exposure to early sexualisation. The society is also bound to feel the effects of early sexualisation.
The effects of early sexualisation can be countered in several ways. Most of the earlier studies on the subject had focused on adult women. It is important for future studies to focus more on the cultural aspects of early sexualisation (Attwood 90). The listed forms of media sexualisation indicate that this trend is on the rise. It is up to all the involved stakeholders to get a hold of this trend before it escalates to unmanageable proportions.
Works Cited Attwood, Feona. “Sexed up: Theorizing the sexualization of culture.” Sexualities 9.1 (2006): 77-94. Jstor. Web.
Bragg, Sara. “Too much, too soon? Children, ‘sexualization’ and consumer culture.” Sex Education 11.3 (2011): 279-292. JournalSeek. Web.
Collins, Rebecca. “Content analysis of gender roles in media: Where are we now and where should we go?.” Sex Roles 64.3-4 (2011): 290-298. Jstor. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Early Sexualisation and Media Influence by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Danielle, Egan, and Gail Hawkes. “Girls, sexuality and the strange carnalities of advertisements: Deconstructing the discourse of corporate paedophilia.” Australian feminist studies 23.57 (2008): 307-322. Jstor. Web.
Egan, Daniel. “Endangered girls and incendiary objects: Unpacking the discourse on sexualization.” Sexuality
Economic Analysis of Shale Gas Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Shale Gas Employment Contribution in Estimate
Firm under Monopolistic Competition in the Short Run
Firm under Monopolistic Competition in The Long Run
Introduction Shale gas is natural gas that is fascinated in shale configurations. Shale elements are small granule sedimentary rocks that are loaded foundation of petroleum and natural gas. In the ancient times, it was not cost-effectively as possible to generate shale gas.
Nevertheless, with advancement in technology and the critical thinking perceptions, the progression has become more cost-effective due to flat drilling and rupturing. The overall production of natural gas in 2009 had 87% of other gases with the shale gas taking the remaining percentage. The supply of the shale gas is anticipated to increase to roughly 62% of the United States total natural gas supply by 2030.
In addition, natural gas production is enhanced energy security in United States as she does not need large exports to meet her domestic expectations. Environmental goals are also met in the United States as natural gas which is more environmental friendly have replaced coal and increased use of renewable energy in electric generation (Schwede 6). The present and future state of energy in the United States therefore relies on the production of shale gas.
The big question to consider is whether shale gas is a feasible energy option for the United States to reduce her dependency on the Petroleum Exporting Countries while increasing financial accountability and fiscal viability in the short and long run scrutiny?
The input of shale gas has been apprehended into three phases, the stimulated financial input, tortuous, and the express inputs. First, the direct input involves the industrial output and the income. For instance, the direct contribution of the shale gas industry comprises of transportation and delivery services which has direct influence on the industrial output.
Second, the indirect contributions are initiated alteration in the direct purchase of shale gas. For instance, change in demand results into direct change in industrial output. Last, the induced economic contribution comes about when the industrial employees spend their income on different expenditures. In each stage, the economic contribution is determined in terms of the Gross Domestic Product and the labor income.
Economic Analysis The trade in shale gas has contributed to economic development in terms of employment, addition of economic value and income for the government (Ashford 1). The extraction of the shale gas has transformed the United States energy position and the economy at large. In 2010, the total production of natural gas in the United States was composed of 27% of shale gas.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is a great expectation in the growth of total shale gas extraction in the coming five years and immense increase in 2030. The research shows that shale gas is capable of sustaining millions of employment opportunities. It can add billions to the Gross Domestic Product by 2035. Shale gas is estimated to provide more revenue to the government, tariff income as well as national sovereign payments in the next 26 years (Kaiser 75).
The extraction of shale gas also has a wider effect on both the households and businesses. The research shows that inadequate production of shale leads to tripling of the current cost of natural gas. The economic output and the employment are steadily boosted by the low price of natural gas which at long run enhances domestic manufacturing. This is experienced in firms and industries that enjoy the low cost of electricity such as the chemical industry.
Economic input of shale gas can be calculated through the addition of the express input and the circuitous input of the provider industries of shale gas and encouraged economic contribution which result from extra spending in the United States.
The shale gas industry sustained over 600,000 employment opportunities. This represented 148,000 direct employments in the United States and roughly one hundred and ninety-four thousand circuitous employments within the distributing diligences and nearly two hundred and fifty thousand stimulated employments.
The future expectation of the shale gas industry is to sustain more than 1.6 million jobs athwart the United States. The approximated figure is inclusive of approximately three hundred and sixty express employments, roughly 545,000 tortuous employments and nearly seven hundred and fifty thousand stimulated employments.
Shale Gas Employment Contribution in Estimate 2010 2015 2035 direct 148,000 197,999 360,000 indirect 193,000 283,000 547,000 induced 259,000 388,000 752,000 total 601,000 869,000 1,660,000 F workers The shale gas industry is anticipated to give over $76 billion in 2010. In 2015 the anticipation is $118 billion and about three times by 2030s.
Table Showing Approximate Contribution of Shale Gas
We will write a custom Essay on Economic Analysis of Shale Gas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More 2010 2015 2035 direct $29,000 $47,000 $93,000 indirect $22,000 $33,000 $65,000 induced $25,000 $37,000 $72,000 total $76,000 $118,000 $231,000 Source: (Ashford 4)
The elasticity of the supply curve for the natural gas is as a result of the large quantity of shale gas and its low extraction cost. The base for natural gas in the United States can contain major increases in demand without increasing costs. Shale gas has been anticipated to have more economic significance than the gas extracted from the conventional wells.
As a result, the large quantity of shale gas elevates the likelihood that domestic supply can meet significant growth in the United States natural gas usage over the next few years without significant gains in natural gas costs and with less dependence on importation of liquefied natural gas (Bros 97).
Conclusion The United States order for ordinary gas has developed in current days; the extensive viewpoint of demand for ordinary gas demonstrates extensive rise through 2035; technological advancement have added to recent development in the extraction of shale gas and the increased extraction will lead into the development in capital investment, productivity and job opportunities.
The shale gas industry enhances valuable contribution in the United States economy through the direct employment. With the expansion of the shale gas extraction over the years, a significant expansion of the economy will be realized. By the year 2030 more jobs will be granted by the gas firm and a substantial increase in the government revenue.
The subsidized natural gas costs as a result of shale gas production will lead to an average decrease in electricity costs. Shale gas therefore provides the United States with a solution to the energy problem and to become independent in the energy sector.
According to the researchers, shale gas will significantly enlarge worldwide energy supply. The improved shale gas extraction in the United States and Canada could assist prevent Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries from ordering higher costs for exported gas.
Firm under Monopolistic Competition in the Short Run The firm gets more profit when its marginal revenue is equivalent to its marginal cost and generates magnitude. Firm is capable of collecting a cost based on the AR’s curve. Total profit is given by the quantity sold (Qs) multiplied by the distinction amid the firms’ AR and AC.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Economic Analysis of Shale Gas by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Firm under Monopolistic Competition in The Long Run When MC and MR are equal, firm still produces nevertheless; the curve for demand shifts as other firms penetrates sales ground and increase contest. The industry at this point does not claim economic profit as it sells its goods above average cost.
Works Cited Ashford, Lillian. “The Economic and Employment Contributions of Share Gas in the United States.” Global Insight 2011:2-81. Web.
Bros, Thierry. After the US Shale Gas Revolution. Paris: Editions Technip, 2012. Print.
Kaiser, Mark. “Haynesville shale play economic analysis.” Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 82.1 (2012): 75 – 89. Print.
Schwede, Katrin. Shale Gas Interest Representation in the EU: Public Affairs / Lobbying in the European Union. Munich: Grin Verlag, 2012. Print.
Evaluate government policies to reduce the rate of inflation Essay essay help free
Inflation Inflation refers to the progressive rise in the prices of goods and services. This makes living costly and results in a reduction in money’s power to purchase14. The rate of inflation is the adjustment in the index of price in a single year to a new one expressed in percentages. A reduction in the rate of inflation is not directly proportional to the items’ prices1.
Consequently, it leads to high unemployment rates, lowered standards of living, reduced balance of payment, and obstructed economic growth8. It is currently set at 2% in Britain2. To control the inflation, the causes must be known and dealt with. This paper argues that policies adopted by a government may be more detrimental than helpful to its economy.
The major factors that can trigger inflation include the availability of items for purchase against the command of the same, and vice versa. This is in addition to domestic and peripheral occurrences. Moreover, continuous variation in the rate of replacement of different currencies during trade can also influence inflation12. These also make yearly prediction of the rate of inflation intricate.
The policies adopted by a government should help it realise high rates of employment, improved standards of living, reduced inflation, and continuous economic expansion9. This essay argues the need of the government to minimise cumulative demand and increase collective supply to facilitate this10.
Economic/monetary policy requires the government to initiate moments where the rates of interest shoot, thus, minimising prospective expenditures15. This is purposed at obtaining minimum prices of imports and attractive exports. The results would be positive because the fixed high interest rates may in turn lead to increase in the value of the rate of exchange6. It also involves instances where money circulation is minimised. It results in money scarcity and, thus, a decrease in aggregate demand. High rates of interest stimulate inflation7.
A policy that is concerned with making items available as the objective of this policy is to sustain reduced costs1. It is ensured by a boost in production through diminution in levies, creating opportunities for more rival firms that would increase supply and cause a fall in prices. Furthermore, there is a decrease in company duties that in turn would encourage novelty2. This causes demand for increase in remuneration. In order for employers to keep up with this, they require to reduce their workforce that leads to unemployment.
Financial/fiscal policy concentrates on a demand as a way to control inflation. It is done by minimising the rate of expenses on communal and value goodsand raising interests3. It is also achieved through increasing express taxes, thereby, resulting in a decline in actual disposal earnings. This would in the short term reduce demand and, thus, price cuts. However, the effects of government’s withdrawal or reduction in public expenditure would affect the market and hamper development4. In addition, high taxation would leave consumers with less money to spend, thereby, influencing their living standards negatively. There would be an increase in unemployment since most firms would lay down workers to keep up with the tough economic trends. This policy affects investments and expansion of industries, which in turn reflects negatively on the economy. Contrary to the expectation, instead of controlling inflation, unemployment would increase. This has similar or even worse economic impacts than inflation5.
A policy concerned with the rate of exchange: improved exchange rates cause reduction in the price of imports13. It hinges on the aggression of the government. This in turn reduces production cost, which calls for a fall in prices and, thus, minimised profit margins. The result is improved economy since there are lower import costs and higher export charges. However, this largely depends on the countries sustained balance of payments.
It is essential to note that inflation has a way of negatively affecting other macroeconomic components such as employment and balance of payment3.
A government needs to know how to juggle the above policies in order to keep its economy healthy. This is because the first and third policies, in a bid to control inflation, would lead to other macroeconomic predicaments such as a lack of employment. It can be concluded that the weight of inflation would then greatly press on this group of people. It, therefore, calls for adoption of the right policy instruments.
Short-Run Phillips Curve before and after Expansionary Policy, with Long-Run Phillips Curve (NAIRU)7 List of References Adam Smith Economics Tuition Agency, Inflation, 2009. Web.
Amos WEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, Inflation. Amos WEB LLC, 2000-2013. Web.
Baxter, M., ‘the role of expectations in stabilizing policy’, journal of monetary economics,Vol. 15, University of California, North Holland. 1985, pp 343-362
Broadly, D., A low and stable rate of inflation, 2013. Web.
Corbo, V., ‘Reaching One digit inflation: the Chilean experience’, Journal of applied economics, Vol 1, No. 1, 1998.pp 123- 163.
Feldstein, M. S., ‘The welfare cost of permanent inflation and optimal short run economic policy’, Journal of political economy, vol 87, no.4, University of Chicago press, 1979. Pp 749.
How the Phillips curve relates to aggregate supply and demand. Web.
Lawrence, J., ACopp
Designing A Conflict Management System Problem Solution Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Kentucky Harvest needs to improve its internal processes to ensure senior managers do not misuse their authority. The firm needs strong human resource policies that prevent ethical malpractices done by senior managers. All workers need to be encouraged to report incompetent senior employees to the board to ensure speedy action is taken against employees who abuse their authority.
The firm needs to establish proper work procedures that outline steps all employees are supposed to follow whenever they perform their duties. Stan Curtis did not observe high standards of integrity during his time in the organization. He easily took advantage of weak human resource policies to engage in actions that were not beneficial to the firm’s interests (Aula
Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson Comparison [Compare and Contrast Essay] best essay help
The 17th century was the period when many aspects of the people’s lives were based on religious principles. That is why the Puritan writing also reflected the religious themes or presented the discussion of certain elements and events from the spiritual perspective.
The works by two famous American Puritan writers of the 17th century Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson reflect the main features of the Puritan writing because the authors discuss their personal experience concentrating on their spiritual growth and the role of God in their life. Thus, Bradstreet emphasizes her experience as a writer in the poem “The Author to Her Book” and reflects on the life-long knowledge along with the role of religion in such works as “Upon the Burning of Our House” and “To My Dear Children.”
In “A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson,” Rowlandson provides the discussion of her own life and religious experience. Although Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s Puritan writings differ in style and approach, both the authors present their views and ideas through the lens of religion and focus on relief, assistance, and hope provided by God to overcome life challenges. What do the poems of Anne Bradstreet and the narrative of Rowlandson, when looked at together, suggest about the fears and anxieties of women in puritan society? The tendency to connect the aspects of the secular and spiritual world can be observed concerning the Puritans who succeeded in regulating their lifestyle according to the Biblical norms and ideals. The Puritans were characterized by the ability to discuss all the events and phenomena in life from the perspective of their religious education. From this point, religion was the fundament of the Puritan society.
The sinful nature of humans can be overcome with the help of faithful living and devotion to God. As a result, the Puritans should focus on their thoughts and actions and control them with religious principles. To be sure that an individual follows the right path, the Puritans should focus not only on the spiritual improvement but also on self-discipline and reflection.
In spite of the necessity to regulate their life according to strict norms of the Puritan doctrine, the Puritans are happy to receive God’s assistance and feel God’s blessing. That is why the Puritans perceive any life challenges through the prism of their reliance on God. If to compare and contrast the lives and writing of Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson, it becomes clear that they also followed these ideals as the Puritans, and these principles were reflected in their works.
Although the life experience and knowledge of Bradstreet and Rowlandson are different, these two authors are very similar in their views and discussions of all the personal sufferings and survival experiences with references to their beliefs. Thus, the details of the writers’ lives are different, but many similarities can be found while examining Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s attitudes to those challenges which they experienced. The life of each woman is closely associated with struggle and necessity to survive under dangerous conditions.
The life experience of the two writers should be discussed from many perspectives. Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s knowledge can be considered as similar because both the women found the relief and hope in their faith while coping with the sufferings and struggling with the circumstances.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s writings are different in style and mood because Bradstreet is inclined to focus on blessings and hope when Rowlandson is more radical in her discussion of personal experience and providing conclusions. However, the authors’ works are similar in the main characteristic of the Puritan literature, which is the proclamation of God’s will, love, and mercy.
In her letter “To My Dear Children,” Anne Bradstreet presents the details of her personal life in the form of enlightening stories in order to explain children the role of God’s grace in life.
According to Bradstreet, all the problematic moments in her life, which were associated with immigration, illnesses, and deaths of relatives, were overcome because of relying on God’s assistance. The writer draws the children’s attention to the fact that all her pleas were heard, “I have had great experience of God’s hearing my Prayers, and returning comfortable Answers to me” (Bradstreet “To My Dear Children” 105).
Bradstreet also speaks to her children, “If at any time you are chastened of God, take it as thankfully and Joyfully as in greatest mercyes, for if yee bee his yee shall reap the greatest benefit by it” (Bradstreet “To My Dear Children” 104). The author focuses on her religion as the way to live happily and always have hope for the better life presented by God.
In her writings, Bradstreet states that she is thankful for God’s presence, and her ability to write is one of God’s presence and blessings. Being rather demanding to her activities as the Puritan and being focused on self-discipline and self-evaluation, Bradstreet is also demanding to her activity as a writer. “The Author to Her Book” is the poem in which Bradstreet evaluates her first literary works as ‘offsprings’ (Bradstreet “The Author to Her Book” 98).
It seems that Bradstreet rejects her ability to write as her specific personal quality because her skills are also God’s gifts. The more close connection of the writer’s personal life and feelings with the role of God in the person’s development can be observed with references to the poem “Upon the Burning of Our House.”
Bradstreet depicts the tragic event in her life, responding to the role of God in her coping with one more life challenge. Even though the described activity is a negative experience, Bradstreet’s poem is full of hope and faith. Thus, the author refers to God’s assistance several times in her poetry, stating that God made her stronger, “And to my God, my heart did cry / To straighten me in my Distress / And not to leave me succourless” (Bradstreet “Upon the Burning of Our House” 101).
We will write a custom Essay on Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson Comparison [Compare and Contrast Essay] specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, Bradstreet states that all the material is God’s gift, and she can rely more on God’s mercy than on the material, “A price so vast as is unknown, / Yet by His gift is made thine own; / There‘s wealth enough, I need no more, / Farewell, my pelf, farewell, my store” (Bradstreet “Upon the Burning of Our House” 101). The strong connection of the author with God is observed with references to many works because Bradstreet aims not only to present her experience but also reflect on her spiritual knowledge.
Rowlandson also faced a lot of challenges and injustice in her life, and she documented her tragic experience in such works as “A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson.” The similar major point in the works by Bradstreet and Rowlandson is that both the authors present their feelings and experiences referring to God’s will and grace.
Thus, focusing at each stage of her experience of being imprisoned by the Indians, Rowlandson states that only faith in God and His mercy helped her overcome all the challenges and even accept the death of her child. Rowlandson says, “God was with me in a wonderful manner, carrying me along, and bearing up my spirit, that it did not quite fall” (Rowlandson 123).
That is why any dangerous events associated with captivity could not make Rowlandson hesitate or lose her faith. Furthermore, Rowlandson’s faith was her guarantee that she could overcome all the challenges and barriers. Thus, “the Lord upheld me with His gracious and merciful spirit, and we were both alive to see the light of the next morning” (Rowlandson 130).
From this point, Rowlandson, as well as Bradstreet, relies on God’s will and assistance significantly, and this reliance helps the writers be alive and struggle with the circumstances. To support her discussion of captivity experience as God’s will and blessing, the summary shows that Rowlandson refers to many verses from the Bible as the primary source of knowledge (Rowlandson 130). Any difficulties and issues should be met by the Puritans as God’s lessons, which can educate believers.
Bradstreet and Rowlandson believe in God’s justice with all their hearts, that is why they accept such tragic events as the fire and loss of the house, illness, and the death of a child as God’s trials. These trials can be overcome only by believers, and the Puritan tradition focused on self-examination, and spiritual growth supports this idea.
Which of Bradstreet’s common themes reflects her puritan beliefs? Writers often represent their personal experiences in the form of literary works, that is why Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s approach is not unique. As such, Bradstreet’s common theme of practicality reflects her puritan views. Moreover, following the tradition of the Puritan writing, the authors make God one of the main characters in their writings because of His role in their lives. As a result, the works written by Bradstreet and Rowlandson are so similar in their central theme and idea.
Struggle, life challenges, and sufferings made these women stronger. Moreover, their faith provided Bradstreet and Rowlandson with hope. As a result, the writers share their experiences with the readers while focusing on the aspect of religion. Presenting the story of her captivity, Rowlandson is concentrated on God’s will.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson Comparison [Compare and Contrast Essay] by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Thus, the discussion of challenges as God’s blessings is typical for Puritan writing, and this tendency is observed while discussing the works by Bradstreet and Rowlandson. The Puritan beliefs are reflected in all the words of the writings to state the idea that the women’s experiences and knowledge are similar if not the same regarding their faith and spiritual growth.
Anne Bradstreet and Mary Rowlandson’s writings differ in the stylistic peculiarities and mood, but they are similar in the central theme and idea. Both writers analyze their challenging personal experiences through the lens of their religious development.
Discussing personal struggle and sufferings, the authors reveal the idea of God’s grace and assistance as the main factors which can help people overcome life difficulties. Thus, Bradstreet and Rowlandson’s knowledge of the principles of the Puritan tradition is similar, and they are directly reflected in the writings. According to the authors, all the events should be discussed as God’s lessons and used for spiritual growth and improvement.
Works Cited Bradstreet, Anne. “The Author to Her Book”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 98. Print.
—. “To My Dear Children”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 103-107. Print.
—. “Upon the Burning of Our House”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 101-102. Print.
Rowlandson, Mary. “A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson”. Harper Single Volume American Literature. Ed. Donald McQuade and Robert Atwan. USA: Longman, 1998. 122-152. Print.
Law in United Arab Emirates Report custom essay help
Soft Drinks Sector Sector Analysis
The firm to be established falls under the soft drinks sector, which is within the food industry. The industry has gone through a number of challenges in the recent years owing to the economic downturn experienced in the country, which is a result of the global financial crisis.
A critical review of the industry suggests that companies in the sector were not affected since they registered good returns. This implies that many individuals, both the middle and high class, consumed soft drinks. This could be due to environmental demands since temperatures are always very high, forcing people to take cold drinks, irrespective of whether they are rich or poor.
Industry review reveals that the sector could not have witnessed economic downturn that hit the nation because of the health concerns and the desire to be well among consumers. An individual would prefer using bottled water and fruit juices instead of consuming untreated water because of health issues. The report of the review conducted recently proved that people preferred using fruit juice, which is claimed to reduce the cases of obesity and overweight.
The report underscored the fact that the desire to prevent obesity and overweight boosted the soft drinks sector. Drinks containing high rates of chemicals witnessed a fall in their sales while natural soft drinks and bottled water witnessed an increase in the volume of sales. Recently, the government of the United Arab Emirates banned the sale of sugary drinks in schools, which boosted the sale of natural fruit juices.
From the above analysis, it is projected that the new company would perform well in the market. However, it must observe labor laws and other laws touching on copyright. As the company enters the market, it must be aware of the soft drink giant companies, such as Coca Cola and Pepsi Co, which have adequate technologies and capital.
These firms have the ability of crushing the new firm in the market through heavy advertisement and offering low competitive prices. In 2011, the two soft drinks multinational companies accounted for a third off-trade value in the entire sector. In the subsequent years, these companies failed to replicate the previous figures in terms of sales because of the shift from carbonated drinks to natural drinks.
Therefore, the new company has the ability of penetrating the market because it does not produce chemical related drinks. The firm intends to produce natural fruit juices that would meet the health issues of many people in the country. To be successful in the market, the company will have to be careful when handling labor laws and issues related to copyright. Non-observance of the law might bring down the firm, given the fact that competitors have adequate capital.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Legal Requirements Labor Laws: General Provisions
As the new company aspires to introduce the new product in the market, it has to comply with the labor and intellectual property laws. Compliance to the law is extremely important because it gives the company an advantage over others in the market.
The company that respects labor laws is always perceived positively while the one that neglects the plight of employees is always viewed negatively. Public image has a direct impact on the sales of any product. A company with a good public image regarding the treatment of employees will always perform well in the market.
The organization must observe the laws of the land regarding employment (Burk and Mark 89). The constitution instructs that all firms operating in the country must observe the labor laws in case they want to operate without legal tussles. The labor laws demands that all workers in the agricultural sector should be covered amicably in terms of wages, working hours, leave, safety, social and medical care, penalties, and termination of contracts.
The firm will have to employ the services of the consultant to establish whether all laws are being adhered to in order to prevent legal suits. The first provision of the law suggests that the organization will have to apply for the permit for each person working in the organization in case he or she is not the United Arab Emirates national. In other words, the ministry in charge of labor must approve the appointment of any foreigner into any position in the organization.
Without a permit, the employee cannot access a residence visa, which is an important document regarding in the United Arab Emirates. Apart from seeking verification from the ministry, the organization will have to enter into contractual terms with individual employee. The two parties will have to sign the employment contract referred to as the labor contract.
The contract is always critical as far as the relationship between the employee and the employer is concerned. It specifies the terms of the contract, such as the rights and the duties of each party. The document will describe the wages that the employee will be receiving each month, as well as any other benefit.
Moreover, it also specifies the period in which the employee will be a member of the organization and the description of the job. The law provides that United Arab Emirates nationals can be involved in any contract at any time without necessarily putting it in writing. However, the case is different for foreigners who are expected to fill the form from the ministry. The organization will have to observe all these regulations when hiring its staff.
We will write a custom Report on Law in United Arab Emirates specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Contract Tenure
When hiring employees, the organization will observe the regulations guiding the tenure of the contract. In legal terms, tenure refers to the period for which the contract is considered valid. Since there are two types of labor contracts, the organization will ensure that all employees are given relevant contracts based on their skills and expertise.
Limited employment contract is used to refer to a contract with a specified term, with specific date of starting the job and the exact date of ending it. The term of the employee expires naturally at the end of the agreed period. Unlimited contract does not specify the termination date since either the party has the power to terminate the contract when deemed necessary.
Intellectual Property Laws
The new company to be established faces several challenges regarding intellectual property and patent because the skills involved in making soft drinks are highly guarded. For instance, Coca Cola Company has always engaged in legal suits with a number of companies over its technology. In fact, the formula used in the making of its soft drinks is unknown to many. It is claimed that only two owners of the company know the formula.
The owners acquired a patent for the technology to prevent its usage. Another firm can easily find itself in court in case it does not exercise restraint in the soft drinks sector because manufacturing technologies have slight differences. The new firm will ensure that every technology employed in the manufacturing of goods is original. In fact, it will seek patents over some of the technologies to avoid duplication and copying. Just like other forms of properties, technology is considered a valued property because it brings about wealth.
Unlike the works of scientists, which are always made public, technology is highly safeguarded because it is used in manufacturing wealth. The law in the United Arab Emirates defines intellectual property as a creative work that originates from the mind. Kinsella defines it as valuable imaginative and industrial information and knowledge (21). Laws touching on intellectual property aim at protecting and regulating the ownership and the utilization of creative works, which entails the use of trademarks, copyright, and patents.
Copyright is another legal requirement that the company will have to comply with before establishing the new company. Lai noted that it plays a critical role in commercial activities (22). Some of the materials that can be copyrighted include magazines, newspapers, books and paintings.
The company will ensure that its computer software is safe since competitors can easily use it to bring down the organization. The globally agreed symbol for copyright is ©. The ministry of information is charged with the task of ensuring that all works of authors are safe. It should be noted that the organization would not be concerned so much with copyright, as the products it handles are safe from copyright fraudsters (Beckman and Christa 217).
Since the country is the member of the World Trade Organization, it is a signatory to the Agreement on Trade –Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. The global agency in charge of regulating intellectual property law is in charge of setting the minimum standards that all member states should follow strictly.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Law in United Arab Emirates by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As already mentioned in the previous section, the ministry of economy and commerce manages trademark law. Trademark is defined as the idiosyncratic mark, catchphrase, emblem, product name, pictogram, design slogan, or any other word or phrase utilized by any firm to label its goods and distinguish its products from those of others in the market.
In the soft drinks sector, Pepsi and Coca Cola are some of the trademarks that represent the distinctive products of companies. Once an organization registers a trademark, it is illegal for any other person to utilize it in advertising goods and services. In the global market, it is agreed among various stakeholders that a symbol for trademark would always be ™.
Some countries, including the United Arab Emirates, encouraged the sale of fake or counterfeit products since it boosted economic development. Those companies with trademarks operated with difficulties since other small companies could easily use their symbols without restrictions. However, the state of affairs in the global society is different since each country is expected to protect company symbols and logos.
Recommendations In the UAE market, an individual found utilizing the symbol or the logo of a different firm without permission is always subjected to the full force of the law since this is considered infringement. This is often considered infringing mark meaning that the sign of the owner has been used without his or her authorization. Based on this, the new organization should respect the trademarks of other existing companies in order to prevent legal tussles, which might spoil the image of the organization.
The company should design a trademark and deposit it at the ministry of economy, as per the legal requirements (Mazzone 1033). Once the trademark is published in the national gazette, the company will now be free to use it without any restriction. However, any other person using the trademark without permission will be eligible for prosecution since he or she will be violating the law. Since the law is strict on the types of trademarks to be registered, the company will respect the culture of the nation in designing the trademark.
The organization should be concerned with issues to do with patents because it has brought down many organizations in the soft drinks industry. The mixing of contents and preservation techniques need some specialized skills meaning that an expert will have to be hired to be in charge of the process. If a patent is not obtained to protect the formula, competitors or even fraudsters can use the technology to spoil the image of the company.
Since patents touch on technology and innovation, the ministry of finance is directly involved in registering them. The new company will seek patent on the production of soft drinks for at least five years. During this time, no other firm or individual will be allowed to make the same products similar to those of the firm. In the United Arab Emirates, patents are granted to all innovations and invention processes meaning that only an original idea is registered as patent. With the help of a legal expert, it is reported that the company is prepared to establish the new business since all legal requirements will be observed.
Works Cited Beckman, Katherine, and Christa, Pletcher. “Expanding Global Trademark Regulation.” Wake Forest Intellectual Property Law Journal, 10.2 (2009): 215–239.Print.
Burk, Dan, and Mark, Lemley. The Patent Crisis and How the Courts Can Solve It. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Print.
Kinsella, Stephan. “Against Intellectual Property”. Journal of Libertarian Studies, 15.2 (2001): 1–53. Print.
Lai, Edwin. The Economics of Intellectual Property Protection in the Global Economy. Princeton: Princeton University, 2001. Print.
Mazzone, Jason. “Copy fraud: Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 40. New York University Law Review, 81.2, (2006): 1027-1054. Print.
Has the internet had an overall positive or negative effect on the society? Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Impact of Internet on Society
A case for the Internet
Introduction The internet is arguably the most influential invention made in the last half a century. This creation has had immense impact on the world with person’s personal and professional lives being influenced by this innovation. The internet has invaded most aspects of human life with its use spanning from industries as diverse as health care provision to mining and manufacturing.
This wide application of the internet has made it hard for people to envision a world without the internet. For most people, it would be impossible to operate efficiently if the internet was not there to provide quick and effective communication. However, the internet has contributed to some negative outcomes in society due to its attributes of efficiency and ease of information provision. This paper will argue that the world would be a better place if the internet had not been invented.
Impact of Internet on Society The information available on the internet has contributed to the rise in violence in our society. The internet contains a wide array of information on all topics. Some of the information contained pertains to violence and how a person can engage in acts of violence. There are websites that offer in-depth information on how to create a homemade bomb or even how to convert a handgun into a semi-automatic weapon.
This information has been used by various individuals to carry out acts of violence against members of the society (Schmitt 1). In the recent Boston bomb attack, the perpetrators used the internet to gain information on how to turn pressure cookers into deadly bombs that were used to carry out the terror attacks. The Norwegian terrorist, Anders Breivik who killed 77 people and injured at least 110 more is reported to have used the internet in his preparation for the brutal attacks.
Proponents of the internet argue that individuals with violent tendencies will find a way to carry out attacks even without the help of the internet. They argue that a person who wants to commit a crime can get the information they need from books or use traditional weapons such as guns and knives. While this is true, the internet has made it easier for the violent people to access dangerous information with little effort. This has increased the danger that such individuals pose to our society.
The internet has contributed to making the world an unsafe place by making it easy for international terrorists to operate. The prevalence of global acts of terror in the last decade has made international terrorism the greatest danger to world security.
Terror attacks in major cities such as New York, London, and Madrid have caused world leaders to recognize the devastating effect of international terrorism. The internet has assisted in the growth and development of international terrorist organizations. Schmitt reveals that the internet plays a role in the recruitment and radicalization of terrorists in countries all over the world (1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, radical clerics have been known to post radical sermons online and gain many followers all over the world. The radical messages have contributed to the prevalence of “home grown” terrorists who communicate hateful messages through the internet. In the Boston bombing incident, the two brothers are reported to have been influenced and radicalized by the Islamic Cleric, Anwar al-Awlaki whose sermons provided the motivation for their deadly attacks (Schmitt 1).
The al-Qaeda terror network is known to use the internet extensively to spread its hateful messages and inspire acts of terrorism against Western targets. Without the internet, terrorists would not have such an efficient medium through which to spread their messages. It is therefore conceivable that the world would be safer without the internet to facilitate the spread of international terrorism.
The internet has given governments the tools with which to engage in pervasive surveillance of their citizens. While we live in an open community where freedom is guaranteed, the government may want to keep track of its citizens. In the past, attempts by the governments to engage in surveillance have been met with resistance.
However, the internet has provided an efficient and cheap means for the governments to track people and keep records of their communication often without their consent. By gathering information from sources such as Internet Service Providers, search engines, and Social Networking Sites, the government can build profiles of individuals and invade privacy. A report by the CNN ominously warns that thanks to the internet, “our surveillance state is efficient beyond the wildest dreams of George Orwell” (Schneier 1).
The internet has made it possible for a person’s private information to be accessed and stored by third parties. The US government has engaged in spying activities on its own citizens without their consent or knowledge. The internet has therefore contributed to the dramatic infringement of personal privacy by the government and made our society less free.
The internet has played a part in the prevalence of moral decay by providing individuals with decadent material. The internet is the largest repository of information in the world. Among this information is material of a questionable moral caliber such as pornography. A report by the BBC states that four in every ten individuals who use the internet are subjected to pornographic material (1).
This report is corroborated by the fact that the pornography industry has grown into a multi-million dollar industry with many pornography websites appearing online. Pornography is damaging to the society since it leads to a pervasion of sexual acts and promotes acts of violence such as rape.
We will write a custom Essay on Has the internet had an overall positive or negative effect on the society? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reports indicate that many convicted rapists and child molesters cite pornography as a trigger to their damaging actions (BBC 1). Proponents of the internet argue that there was still decadent material in the society before the invention of the internet. They claim that photographic material could be obtained through magazines and even bootleg tapes. These claims are true since offensive material has been in the society since the invention of the printing press.
However, the spread of this material before the internet was restricted and it occurred in a regulated fashion. A report by the BBC reveals that since the arrival of the internet, “pornography is far more readily available and less regulated” (1). Without the internet, it would be harder for people to access pornographic material. The society would therefore be protected from the negative effects of this decadent material.
A case for the Internet Advocates of the internet assert that is has contributed to the growth and development of society. Industries and Businesses have benefited from improved efficiency and effectiveness due to the internet. Increased productivity in organizations has resulted in economic growth, which is a desirable outcome for the society.
The internet has also enhanced scientific research and innovation by making it easy for various professionals to work collaboratively through the internet. It has increased the research abilities of various professionals therefore contributing to the development of our society. Knut asserts that the internet has served as an enabler for all forms of innovation in the society (1). This positive attributes of the internet are all true and the prevalence of the internet has greatly affected societies and the economy.
However, it should be noted that innovation and research would still have occurred even without the presence of the internet. Economic growth and prosperity was in action for decades before the advent of the internet. What the internet has done is increase the rate at which economic growth and technological advancement has taken place in society. It would therefore be wrong to assume that there would be no development if the internet was not invented.
Conclusion While the internet has been hailed as the “most important technology” developed, it has led to much harm to society. This paper has argued that the world would be a better place if the internet had not been invented. To buttress this assertion, the paper has highlighted how the internet has contributed to the rising insecurity and violence in the world. The internet has made it easy for international terrorism organizations to expand their influence.
It has noted that governments can infringe upon the freedom of their citizens more efficiently because of the internet. The paper has also highlighted the contribution that the internet has played to moral decay. However, the paper has also acknowledged the positive contributions that the internet has played in society. Even so, the positive contributions are outweighed by the negative influences that the internet has had. It can therefore be declared that the society would be better off if the internet had never been invented.
Works Cited BBC. The internet and Pornography. 2011.Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Has the internet had an overall positive or negative effect on the society? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Knut, Blind. The Internet as Enabler for New Forms of Innovation: New Challenges for Research. 2011. Web.
Schmitt, Eric. Boston Plotters Said to Initially Target July 4 for Attack. 2013. Web.
Schneier, Bruce. The internet is a surveillance State. 2013. Web.
Comparison of the Stories “Heart of Darkness” and “The Lamp at Noon” Essay essay help
An important aspect of any story is the setting that the reader can imagine. The atmosphere that is created, very much adds to the general theme and the relationship between the characters and the surrounding environment.
“Heart of Darkness” and “The Lamp at Noon”, are stories where the setting plays a great role in the development of events and delivers a tone that is very unique and specific to the different situations.
There are many similarities and qualities that make each story a personal experience which has a significant effect on the audience.
In the “Heart of Darkness” the reader begins to feel the heavy atmosphere, as soon as Marlow starts his journey on the boat. The eerie surroundings, unknown land and people who are much different from the known world make the setting very foreign.
The further they travel down the river, the darker seems to be the jungle and people’s thoughts and expectations of what is to come. The fact that there are “cannibals” on the boat with Mr. Marlow adds to the imagery of a forbidden place where someone from the outside world can be in danger and disappear without a trace.
The atmosphere of the country, jungle and the boat darken even further when Charles Marlow and his crew men are met with enemy “fire”—arrows and spears. When the helmsman is killed and falls right by Mr. Marlow, it is easy to see how the environment and the events increase the devastation and panic sets in. Doubts of the purpose and the final goal overtake Charles Marlow and he is unaware if there is a point to continue. Everything that happens is pressuring people and seems like a heavy weight that cannot be lifted.
Even the atmospheric conditions of fog, the dark nights and the dense air are against people and demand to be left undisturbed. The nature greatly overpowers humans and commands them to turn back with many signs but nonetheless, they persist, as Mr. Marlow has an important mission. When they arrive at the station, the situation becomes even grimmer because Marlow is disappointed in Kurtz and is now sure that they came there for nothing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He is thinking that the lives of people lost were not worth the trip. When he and Kurtz fall ill, it is another sign that they should not be there and that the whole world is against foreign people being in that place. Most importantly, the journey is the travel inside a man’s soul where the darkest corners are observed and cannot be lighted. People discover their true identities and those of others.
In “The Lamp at Noon”, the setting of the story also plays a very significant factor. The fact that two people are lonely, even though being very close, shows how the surrounding conditions can be alienating to humans. Ellen and Paul are desperately struggling on their farm with little crops and ability to prosper and this illustrates a dead end that has no escape. Their struggle through the unbeatable chances makes their battle with nature and weather even more in vein and makes them feel small and helpless.
Not only there is separation in their personal lives but the Great Depression makes it difficult to survive and see any future in anything the couple gets involved in. The isolation in the harsh environment sets the base for a distance between people and individuals from nature and land. People have been relying on their farms for a very long time and here, the conditions are such that there is no possibility to overpower nature. The desperation and hopelessness is described through imagery and is present throughout the story.
Another representation of the dark and inescapable nature of the environment is the storm. The hauling of the wind and walls creaking, all seem to be against the two lonely people on their farm. Ellen looks for support from Paul, as the surrounding conditions make her feel lonely and unsafe but he is unable to comfort her. All the forces of nature and human desperation come together to form an atmosphere of frustration and an unfamiliar world.
The mood of the story and the harshness of nature are displayed through imagery and personification. The wind becomes a force that is unstoppable and engulfs the little farm, consuming people and their emotions. Everything around becomes mad and wild, people are torn apart and thrown far away by the nature’s wrath.
Even when the couple tries to connect and support each other, their words are soundless. Paul is confused at what Ellen really wants and seems to live in a different world, set apart by the cruelty of desperation and inability to succeed. Ellen looks for help and consolation from Paul but he cannot hear her words. She cries and screams of pain but the wind and darkening skies swallow all sound and forbid any communication.
The two stories are very similar in their setting because both show how people and nature are two very different entities. “The Heart of Darkness” describes a journey into the land of horror and pain, and this is representative of the people’s deepest emotions and outlook on life. “The Lamp at Noon” portrays a similar movement through people’s soul only without them physically moving.
We will write a custom Essay on Comparison of the Stories “Heart of Darkness” and “The Lamp at Noon” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is interesting that even standing in one place an individual can delve into the deepest parts of their heart and mind, yet find no comfort and outlet of their feelings. The two stories are mostly centered on the surrounding environment and the people’s manifestation of their thoughts only adds to the general theme of darkness, loneliness and cruelty of the surroundings and people’s characters. It is made obvious that humans are not the rulers of their lives and forces of nature.
The insignificance of human individuality and their efforts is made obvious by how harsh conditions can direct and force people into a situation that so desperately must be avoided. The “darkness” of the two stories confirms that people have no control over nature and themselves, as it is an unknown world that must be carefully studied and explored.
The characters of the two stories and their actions are determined by the setting they find themselves in. It is clear that suffering and pain are inseparable from human experience and often, nature adds a great deal to the emotional instability and doubts that people feel. The authors have realistically illustrated how the surrounding environment overtakes the lives of individuals and robs them of almost all control. The connection to reality is very vivid and the circumstances can be physically felt.
American History: the Old South Development Report (Assessment) best essay help: best essay help
The old south The old south developed as a distinct region during the period between 1820 and 1860. Slavery was still widely practiced in the south because the region was primarily agrarian. There was emergence of various social classes and cultures despite the reliance on agriculture. The upper south saw a slow growth of business classes including merchants and manufacturers. Key industries such as iron manufacturing, flour mill, and textile grew in the south.
There were also urban and commercial centers that emerged in the region. However, one distinct feature of these commercial centers was that they used to serve the needs of purely agricultural southern residents. Therefore, it was possible to find items such as farming tools, fertilizers, and seeds being sold in these commercial centers.
The social class of brokers emerged because of the need to find market for some of the crops produced in the south such as cotton. The merchants also played an important role of providing farmers with financial support in the form of credit. Financial support became necessary to farmers especially when the prices of their produce declined in the market. However, the banking system in the south had not developed and in most cases, they used to rely heavily on the north for banking services.
Slavery played a key role in shaping the south. Planters owned huge tracks of land and they used the services of their slaves to cultivate and conduct all agricultural business. A good number of the slave holders used to keep a maximum of 10 slaves. The slaves were mostly expected to do domestic work and a few other tasks in the farms.
Due to the size of their plantations, large planters used to have more than 20 slaves for their farming activities. The slaves in the south were considered to be freer than the free laborers of the north. They had a good working environment that did not enslave them as much as the freed laborers in the north. The old aged people and children were really not expected to work at all.
They experienced comfort and received wage in return. They had free food and accommodation. Similarly, women were less involved in heavy work. Their masters protected them from any harassment and despotic treatment from their husbands. The only people who were involved in heavy duties included the stout boys and the men. On averaged, they worked for less than nine hours every day. The open fields had good weather and fresh air which they were exposed to on daily basis.
Reconstruction The reconstruction era involves the process of rebuilding the country after the civil war. It also considers the transformation that occurred in the southern states to make them conform to the reforms that had already began taking place in the north. After the war, the lives of African Americans did not change much, even though they began to experience freedom.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Technically, African Americans were free people however there were specific laws that prevented them from fully experiencing their freedom. Their rights were still limited compared to their white counterparts. A few amendments were done to the American constitution, which were aimed at providing equal opportunity for every American citizen.
However, none of these amendments helped African Americans to immediately realize their freedom. At the same time, the group was considered inferior economically. African Americans were therefore in a position where they failed to achieve what white Americans achieved economically.
Basically, white Americans were given priority when it came to privileges and opportunities such as education, jobs, and owning properties. The inequality undermined the lives of African Americans to the point where they remained an inferior group. President Johnson was among the first leaders to make an effort towards empowering the African American community or the former slaves (Davidson, 337).
He set aside land which the formers slaves were relocated. However, there were still challenges that the group faced in terms of farming resources. They had no equipments and at the same time, the land was unsuitable for cultivation. Wide spread discrimination was witnessed not only to African American farmers but also the African Americans who ventured into other professions such as politics and business.
The relationship between white Americans and African Americans remained unchanged for a long time in the south even after the end of the war and the constitutional amendments. Due to the inferior economic status of African Americans, white farmers came up with a system known as sharecropping. It entailed giving accommodation, salary, and a piece of land to an African American family. The family was expected to cultivate the land and grow crops but a large percentage of the yield was to be given to the land owner.
With regards to voting, African Americans who had the privilege to vote were always intimidated to vote for the changes they wanted to see. The Republican Party came up with laws that sought to ensure the rights of minority groups in the country were upheld. However, in the south white Americans were against passing of such laws and they would always discourage African Americans from voting for republicans through intimidation.
The reconstruction was a success in the efforts made to create a free environment for every citizen. The efforts were made from a legal and public policy point of view. The biggest success was the freeing of slaves and retention of the union. The 15th amendment is a key event that contributed to the success of the reconstruction period.
We will write a custom Assessment on American History: the Old South Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This amendment lifted suffrages by giving every citizen the right to participate in voting irrespective of the servitude, condition, race, or color. The major failure of the reconstruction period was the lack of political willingness and solution to reconcile and bring healing to the nation. This made the tension between the north and the south to continue. Similarly, the oppression of Africans in the south also continued for some time.
Trade Trade is an important topic throughout American history because it is the one issue that has helped to build the country into what it is today. At the same time, trade has also had negative effects that have contributed towards dividing the country. Trade has been a key activity in the country from the time European explorers set foot on America.
The Colombian exchange is considered to be one of the first trading activities that took place during the colonial period. The most noteworthy change that took place during this time was the displacement of the locals from their land. Five other tangible things have also been described to be major exchanges that took place during this period.
They include sugar, disease, horse, potato, and corn. The intangible items that were exchanged include ecology, corporate structure, and liberty. These ideas have had a lasting impact which is still witnessed today. Globalization can be attributed to the exchange of ideas that took place during the Columbian exchange.
Trade has helped to develop America. One of the major goals of the colonialist was to find market for their goods in addition to producing raw materials to sell in their home countries. America was seen as a country of freedom from domestic persecution in Europe. Most of the colonies had a free trade policy whereby trade barriers were not imposed especially to the locals. The same policies are still evident in America today.
Another aspect about trade that helped to build America was economic specification. Different states and regions specified in the production of particular goods. The north was mainly industrial while the south was agricultural.
This created a situation where the country could support itself even without engaging other countries. For instance, the north was a readily available market for the goods produced by the south. Similarly, the south was a ready market for the goods produced by the north. In this way, the country could support and build its economy.
Trade with other countries was also key in building America’s economy. In the early 19th century, trade was used to build a market economy in the country. There was emergence of new transportation systems, factories, commercial farms, and growing cities. The first factory built was that of spinning cotton.
Not sure if you can write a paper on American History: the Old South Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There was immense technological development in the cotton industry with building of machines that helped gin and spin cotton. The industrial revolution was boosted by the innovations in the textile industry. Technological concepts used in the industry were applied in other areas.
On a negative note, trade has been used to divide the nation on several occasions in history. In the colonial era, it was the one aspect that was used to separate the colonialists and the colonies. The need to engage in trade forced the colonial masters to forcefully grab the land that did not belong to them. It was issues to do with trade that divided the interests of Americans and led a few to mobilize the whole society to fight for their independence.
Another reason for the political consciousness that led to the struggle for independence is that the colonies wanted to expand their markets to other counties. They wanted to engage in trade partnership with other countries. However, the colonial government could not allow this to happen. In addition, the colonies were required to pay taxes to the colonial government. The taxes remitted were extremely high and this angered some of the colonies.
Lastly, one can argue that trade also played a role in the development of the civil war. There was conflict among the country’s leadership over whether to base the country’s economy on agriculture or on industry. As a result, this led to division between the north and the south.
The slave trade business found a huge market in America. African slaves were sold in the country to work on large plantation firms. The discrimination against African slaves also contributed to the civil war. Later after freeing of slaves, there was open division between white Americans and black American communities.
Women In the colonial era, the role of women in the society varied from one states to another. In the New England colony, women were expected to be submissive to men and to rear their children in a Godly way. Women were also not allowed to work in the plantations. In colonies such as Pennsylvania that was occupied by German settlers, women were expected to work in the field. This was the same with colonies occupied by Dutch settlers. The women in these colonies had so much control and authority over property. In the Hispanic states the role women in the society was mainly dictated by the norms of traditional family life.
During the era of the American Revolution, the role of women in the society also varied from state to state. There was a dramatic change in the way women were treated in the society. Women were also helpful in playing supportive roles during the revolutionary war. They played the role of nurses and were responsible for taking care of wounded soldiers.
After America became a republic, the idea of using mothers to raise-up children in line with the ideals of the republic became necessary. If the new country was ever to be successful, the citizens especially children and youths were to be instilled with the values of republicanism. Since women had the responsibility of raising children, they were best positioned to facilitate this need.
During the 19th century, women were mostly involved in movement that sought to establish their rights in the society. Some of them also used their position in the society to call for abolition of slavery. There were women writers and public speakers who used their roles to campaign against slavery and other forms of discrimination in the society.
It was also during this period that women suffrage was realized in America. Therefore, the reform period of the 19th century had the most impact on women. The events and changes that took place during this period set the stage for the realization women’s rights in America.
Politics The colonial period had a vibrant political culture. Many young and rich men were attracted into politics. During this period, politics was mainly centered on issues such as suffrage. Only the elite of the society were allowed to take part in electing political leaders among themselves. Political parties also emerged during this period however the parties were not stable.
Politics in America developed further during the revolution period. It was the need to be independent and have a government that led to the war of independence. Most of the issues that surrounded the war were mainly political. Even after the war, politics and governance took center stage in keeping the country together. The constitution helped to further shape American politics throughout the 19th century until now.
Basically, the period that was marked with a wave of reform all across the American society had the liveliest political discourses. This is because it set the stage for most of the political events that took place later in America. For instance, the need for democracy was first realized during this period. At the same time, critical amendments were made to the constitution to create a freer society. In today’s political environment, the country enjoys the efforts made during the reform period.
The early America had values that basically developed from religion. Religion was the basis for the formation of dominant culture in early America. At some point in history, religion was even used to bring together various cultures in the country. Most of the European settlers came to America to escape the political and religious conflicts in their home countries. In America, they could easily practice their religion and this formed a central part of their lives.
The constitution was also based on the bible which further illustrates how important religion was in building societal values. However, the demands of the American environment played a role in neutralizing the strong alignment to religion. For instance, the social and economic needs dictated whether or not one should be deeply rooted in religion.
Extra credit question Fighting the civil war
It was foolish for the south confederation to think that they could win the civil war. The primary reason for this is the obvious fact that they were less advantaged than the north. At the time of the war, approximately 9 million people lived in the 11 southern confederation states while approximately 21 million people lived in the 23 northern confederation states. The south had the advantage of slaves however they still could not outnumber the north. It was like a minority group fighting a larger group.
In addition to the huge numbers, the north had the advantage of being industrialized. Most manufacturing facilities were located in the north. This gave them the advantage especially when it came to manufacturing of firearms and weapons. Transport materials were also important for use during the war.
The north controlled manufacturing of transport facilities. The shoe and textile industry was also controlled by the northern states implying that the south was limited in terms of weapons, firearms, transport facilities, and uniforms equipments.
In addition, the northern confederation controlled the seas and the major ports for importing and exporting goods. The south could easily suffer if it were not allowed to use the seas for trade and foreign affairs.
On the side, the southern states were advantaged by the fact that they produced raw materials and food that was used in the entire country. However, if the south refused to share their food, the north could easily import because they controlled the navy and the seaports. Another advantage for the south was the training facilities for soldiers. 90 percent of those facilities were located in the south giving the south the advantage of highly skilled and trained officers.
The war strategy and mission also favored the south. They were focused on defending their territories and their lifestyle. This is unlike the north that focused on making the south conform to a different lifestyle. The north, which supported union agendas, had to push for these agendas by attacking and conquering the south. However, the south was comfortable with the cessation, slavery, and their agricultural lifestyle.
The emancipation proclamation was an event that proved the level of seriousness the union had in regard to pushing for its agendas (Davidson, 318). The south also created a parallel government and hoped that it would receive the support of England. However, England never supported any of the two sides during the war.
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York:
McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
“Radio” Final Film Critique Essay (Movie Review) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Storytelling
Actors and acting
Storytelling This movie is based on the real life experiences of James Kennedy and dwells on a coach for a high school football team. The coach is named Ed Harris and the high school for which he coaches a team is found in a small town. He makes friends with a man named Cuba Gooding Jr., who was nicknamed Radio because he was passionate about transistors.
Radio has a developmental disability as described by the author. He is the primary source of humor in this drama. He is the main target of jokes and all the involved teases. The relationship between Radio and the coach initially raises eyebrows, but his developmental progress and prosperity under the coach’s leadership proves to a great inspiration to the local town dwellers making them appreciate their differences (Perez-Pena, 2008).
This summary portrays the coach’s dedication to socializing with less privileged and the fact that he is appreciative about disabled people. People do not believe in this friendship at first. This portrays the people’s insensitivity and lack of appreciation and respect for the disabled persons. However, Radio’s prosperity under the coach’s supervision makes people change their minds and start to see things the other way round (Rosenberg, 2000).
The coach discovered that most of his players were actually bullying Radio who was retarded, young and black, hence vulnerable to mistreatments by others. Having noticed the bullies from his players on Radio, the coach decides to dedicate most of his time as a coach and gives special attention to him.
He makes him useful during sports practice and eventually incorporates him into the school team. Initially, Radio’s mother who is a widow named S. Epatha Mekerson is filled with suspicion while Harold’s wife Debra Winger and daughter Sarah Drew get jealous. Elsewhere, the principal of the school becomes worried and the father of the player Mr. Chris Mulkey gets furious about the whole thing. However, as Radio becomes prosperous and successful, everyone in the community comes to adore and appreciate him (Rosenberg, 2000).
Actors and acting Drama is the main tool used by the director in delivering his message in this movie. The things that Radio becomes victim to are used purposefully to make viewers sympathize with the character. At the beginning, any viewer may be wondering what could make such a man wander on train tracks with grocery buggy but, as time goes, they gain a partial understanding when they find out what he wants.
This brings to the recollection of the viewer all the crazy things they used to do during their early stages of life. I never felt so good when Radio went to town, and a lady whose child was looking at him suddenly snatches the child out of his view. This is totally inhuman as the lady views him as less human and a being that should not get near her child. She doesn’t want her child to look at him either with thoughts that he could cause the child nightmares (Rosenberg, 2000).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the beginning of the movie, viewers are provided with welcoming female background voice and the setting is in the south. The members of the community are obsessed with prejudice. This means that they have the tradition of prejudging what someone is going to do. They also have predefined capabilities for every person they meet.
This is a very dangerous belief as it is against innovation. Judging what someone can offer or their abilities by simply looking at them instead of letting them prove themselves to you is not a good way of evaluation. This community is obsessed with isolation of less privileged without caring why people have such problems and what could cause them. Several minds, when put together, can think well than selected few.
This theme again manifests itself in the lady who snatches her child out of radio’s view. She knows that there is nobody in society who can offer their children nothing but danger and tensed environment. Typically, this movie shares nearly aspects with “To kill a Mockingbird”, another film whose relation to it is substantiated by the fact that the spirit of Coach Harold Jones revives the lost spirit of an alienated, desperate man.
Everyone in “Radio” is kind, nice or a bit mean but basically niceness dominates, and this minimizes drama (Hebersky, 2001).
The film is also less gripping as compared to “To kill a Mockingbird “since it lacks a hint of gothic menace, which is actually present in the latter. As I have already said, the existing drama involves childish arguments between the coach and his school principal, which many times reach perfect agreements.
Also, there are baseless appeals by rebellious parents who claimed they wanted Radio excommunicated from school and taken to aninstitution for students with special needs. However, these are lame allegations and definitely unjustifiable as well as self-thwarting ideas.
The theme of alienation unveils itself yet again. When you demand for a school administration to excommunicate a student just because he has developmental in capabilities, you are just but trying to deny someone his rights and freedoms to socialize with friends and attain quality education from an institution where he feels most comfortable, and the learning environments favors his tastes and preferences. I think the director is after elucidating the high level of hypocrisy that prevails in this community, by creating these scenes.
We will write a custom Essay on “Radio” Final Film Critique specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The society is composed of selfish members who never see anything beyond their own interests. These women instead of looking for measures that could help the boy, suggest their discontinuation from the school. They have no idea that this could lead the victim out of the frying pan into the fire. He is already suffering from the jeers and bullies from his schoolmates and taking him away from school to a special need institution would make him even more frustrated.
However, Radio enjoys redemptions coming from level of performances. Ed Harris tries to nurture him and shows him the required directions, but still shows him a certain level of awkwardness to prevent him from assuming and acting super human. Under normal circumstances, the news about a mentally handicapped person is supposed to ring a bell and attract a lot of attention.
However, Radio’s situation is underestimated by everyone; it does not take anyone by surprise at all. This is a lack of responsibility by the community. When a person has a problem like this, a good community should be able to empathize and take relevant actions collectively as if they were themselves the victims (Hebersky, 2001).
Cinematography The cinematography is made up of different types of angles including medium long shot and medium shots. The directors’ intentions were to tell the actual story using the movie. This particular film is based on a true story just like I said before, and the actual Harold Jones and James Robert Kennedy are as they are portrayed in the last scenes of the film.
The director simply added flavor to the actual activities that happened in the real story and then organized them into scenes making the movie. This means that the themes that prevail in the actual events are fully developed in this film. The film takes the style of the New Testament since it involves a kind man named Radio who can be compared to Christ and Harold his disciple.
Radio and his disciple Harold try to preach their gospel and spread the message of the need to love and be kind to each other. They deliver this message to a community which is made up people of two kinds, that is, people willing to receive the message and get converted and a larger number who are rebellious and resistant to the message terming it as misleading and coming from unbelievable source.
They refuse to believe the message that is given to them until the end when they see the fruits it bears. This is when they come to discover their foolishness and actually decide to embrace it. The society then gets converted from hating Radio and his disability to appreciating him. This also makes them understand that it is normal for people to be different even if being different means lacking things that others do have (Hebersky, 2001).
After keenly studying this movie, I cannot deny the fact that it is very sad but my observations lead me to several conclusions, one of them is that we should never judge others on the basis of their color or abilities. Less able people are as important as those with perfect abilities. The main target audience for this film is the youths.
Not sure if you can write a paper on “Radio” Final Film Critique by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They are warned against underestimating their disabled counterparts but to embrace them appreciate them and accept them the way they are. The reason I pick on the youths as the primary target audience by the director is the fact that Radio’s schoolmates, who have been used to the highest capacity in developing the theme of segregation and racial prejudice, are warned against the mistreatments they inflict on Radio. The story revolves around them.
This movie however has neither clearly defined villains nor heroes. The villains that are discussed do not play the complete roles of villains. They also come to welcome a change of who they are later on at the end of the film. The film is also full of emotional scenes. One might think it is interesting but it keeps changing your moods as you watch it. All in all, it is generally emotional.
This is manifested when Radio is left out in the rain; it almost causes the viewer to shed tears. It even gets worse when he tries to run through the field while it is raining and fall in the muddy field. After viewing this movie, it fills a heart and lifts a spirit; it shows that there comes a time when it is wiser to do the right thing instead of a popular thing.
It reminds us that it is fine to do the right thing that seems wrong rather than doing a wrong thing that seems right. When something is right, it remains so even if no one believes it is. On the other hand, a wrong thing is wrong even if everyone thinks otherwise. When Radio is left behind by everyone else, he runs to the field and starts to play alone.
Viewers are reminded that people like Radio and those having similar problems do not chose to be who they are but rather find themselves there. It is therefore their responsibility to make them understand themselves and make them have self-esteem (Hebersky, 2001).
The team learns a lesson in the year 1974 when they decide to leave Radio behind when they have their visit to Northwestern High for a football match. The head coach Fraser claimed that the bus was so full that Radio could not find space. He therefore had to be the one to remain behind.
Jones did not like this all but then what could he have done? He was only the assistant coach by then and had to go by the head coach. The principal also had to work with what Mr. Fraser had said since he was the chief organizer of the trip and was in charge of all aspects; so Radio never made it to Northwestern High School for the match. The team however lost the match 27-20 to the visitors.
From this day onwards, Radio was never left out every game that the team played and was included among those travelling for any competition. After this experience and the consistent inclusion of Radio in the school team squad, the Yellow Jackets enjoyed a series of successful performances all the way to that year’s finals.
This is a clear indication and an explanation of the proverb, “never judge a book by its cover.” Excluding Radio from the football team is accompanied by heavy consequences. They lose terribly when they visit a school to play a football match.
They all come to appreciate his importance to the team. With all the regrets, the squad swears never to repeat the mistake and indeed they see the impact of doing this as justified by the fact that they enjoy fine performance and advance all the way to the final that particular year. More often than not, we are tempted to underrate certain resources due to the fact that we are highly affected by prejudgment. We end up letting go of very important resources for fear that they are useless (Henning
Minimum Wage: Pros and Cons, Effects of Increase Research Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Minimum Wage Law
Advantages of Minimum Wage Law
Disadvantages of Minimum Wage Law
Labor Union Laws and Efficient Wages
Introduction This essay will explore the law regarding minimum wage in the United States of America, as well as advantages and disadvantages of increasing wage such as beneficial incentives, derailed job growth, and improved job security among others. The essay will also discuss the history of minimum wage law.
In addition, it will explain labor union laws and efficient wages. Minimum wage refers to the least possible salary that employees get from their employers depending on the agreed payment structure (Waltham 20). Employees use various payment structures to offer employees remuneration depending on amount of work done per hour, day, or month. Minimum wage is a crucial element in the labor market because it provides the lowest salary at which employees would be willing to trade their labor.
Benefits of having a limit on minimum wage include improved welfare of workers, observance of equality in recruitment, high employee morale in the workplace, as well as improved efficiency and service delivery for business and organizations (Waltham 27). However, despite these benefits, criticisms have been lodged against availability of minimum wage.
Critics, most of whom apply concepts developed in the neo-classical theory of economics, believe that minimum wage results in low employee output, increased unemployment due to inexperience, and biasness in the recruitment process. Minimum wage is an important aspect of any labor market, as it improves job standards and equality in the labor market.
Minimum Wage Law Minimum wage law is simply a decree passed to prohibit employers from paying workers less than a specifically set amount of minimum wage (Waltham 35). At first, this law applied only to women and children, although it later extended its coverage to include the general labor force.
Violations of this law attract a fine of up to 10,000 USD, and an additional fine of 1,100 USD per extra violation (Lee 78). To understand state minimum wage law, we need to understand where the federal wages law originated. It first originated in Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) that President Franklin Roosevelt signed on June 25, 1938.
During that time, the minimum wage was set at a minimum of 25 cents per hour, which is equal to around 4 dollars. At first, this law only covered 38 percent of the labor force, but it continuously grew over the years, and now covers almost 85 percent of our labor force (Lee 80). Since then, revision of wage limits has happened for approximately twenty two times.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The FLSA requires employers to follow the state minimum wage law, which is usually set higher than the federal law. The current provisions under this law in the United States of America require employers to provide a minimum of $7.25 for every hour an employee offers his/her labor. These provisions have been applicable since 2009 when the last revision of the law happened.
There are various wage categories covered under this law. Student wage category covers students below the age of 18 who work during school sessions or over the holidays (Lee 88).
Another category is the home workers wage that covers individuals paid for work done from their respective homes. Others include the general minimum wage, liquor services minimum wage, as well as hunting and fishing guides minimum wage. Since 1938, the federal government has implemented minimum wage laws through the Department of Labor. The difference between federal and state minimum wage laws is that federal law applies to all fifty states, while state law is only functional in state (Lee 96).
Some states have higher minimum wage standards than the standards of federal law; others have lower or none at all. Although minimum wages have advantages such as helping workers by setting the amount of money employers should pay them, they also have negative effects such as increasing likelihood and duration of unemployment, and discouraging part time work and school attendance among others.
Advantages of Minimum Wage Law According to economic experts, there are numerous advantages associated with availability of a provision on minimum wage in the American labor market. These benefits are universal as they cater for needs of both skilled and unskilled labor (Koshers 132). It is worth noting that minimum wage law has created an even playing ground for various job seekers who at no time feel that the remuneration received is not equal their expertise or work done.
The first benefit is that it helps families. A research done by the Economic Policy Institute in the United States of America established that close to a half of America’s working population had parental responsibilities. This meant that if there were no minimum wage laws, these workers would struggle to provide for their families because they would work for lesser wages (Koshers 139).
The second benefit of minimum wage is that it gives people unemployment incentive. This particularly applies for unskilled and unemployed workers. By possessing knowledge of the minimum wage rate, unemployed people will most likely look for jobs. They can compare the money they earn from unskilled labor to unemployment benefits in order to determine the financial incentive of working (Koshers 144).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Minimum Wage: Pros and Cons, Effects of Increase specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another benefit is that minimum wage law helps employers plan and manage their financial resources effectively. Minimum wage law makes this easier because small businesses that hire unskilled labor know the cost of paying employees before employing them. By knowing their budget requirements, they make better decisions that guarantee future financial stability. Minimum wage laws also help lessen the burden of paying taxes for employees (Koshers 150).
The federal government exempts employees on minimum wages from high taxation compared to employees on larger wage scales. Instead, most Americans on minimum wage often receive assistance from federal and state governments to supplements their little wages. This provides job security.
Disadvantages of Minimum Wage Law The minimum wage law also has disadvantages that stem from the way it influences ability of people to access job opportunities, get into those jobs, and retain them. The disadvantages also entail ability of existing and future employers to create new jobs (Rotenberg 100).
One of the disadvantages is increased levels of unemployment. The concept of supply and demand best explains this. In a highly competitive market where demand for labor is high, low wages discourage people from accepting jobs that offer low remuneration, thus causing unemployment.
The second disadvantage is that it promotes emergence and growth of black labor markets. This means that some firms can dodge the law and offer workers less that the federal minimum wage, as the supply of labor becomes too high (Rotenberg 109). The third disadvantage is that it heightens poverty levels of people on minimum wage.
If a household has one individual earning the minimum wage, there is a high likelihood that the household will forever live below the poverty line. There is always a feeling of complacency whenever people get into employment without considering their income and their daily needs (Rotenberg 116). In addition, putting limits on minimum wage that Americans can receive does not increase the income of poor Americans who have to continue dealing with the same financial responsibilities as before.
Labor Union Laws and Efficient Wages Labor union laws and minimum wage laws have contributed a lot to the current trend of structural unemployment in the United States of America. This explains the development of the concept of efficient wages (Thomas par 8). Efficient wages entail setting employee remuneration above average wage in order to strike balance between supply and demand for labor. This concept applies based on concepts of the efficiency wage theory.
First, there is increased employee productivity due to good remuneration. Secondly, there is improved employee retention rates, thus reducing cost of operation mainly brought about by regular employee recruitment and employee training (Thomas par 10). When an employer provides wages above average market levels, employees often find it hard to consider other job offers since there is no guarantee of such an attractive remuneration package.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Minimum Wage: Pros and Cons, Effects of Increase by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The third benefit involves an increase in quality and depth of skill in the workforce. One of the things that is likely to attract highly competent and skilled individuals to an organization is a solid remuneration package. This often provides a competitive edge for an organization when it comes to sourcing talent and skills in the job market (Thomas par 11).
However, it is important to note that providing employee remuneration above the equilibrium does not mean the same as increasing the minimum wage. Increasing the minimum wage always results in mixed outcomes.
When the minimum wage is increased, the income of people in employment escalates (Thomas par 3). At the same time, an increase in minimum wage is a disadvantage to people providing unskilled labor because the cost of hiring increases, thus reducing the number of individuals hired. Therefore, increasing minimum wage in the United States of America will definitely lead to increase in rate of unemployment, since the cost of hiring will increase leading to reduced demand for labor (Thomas par 3).
Conclusion Minimum wage refers to the least possible salary that employees get from their employers depending on the agreed payment structure. Employees use various payment structures that involve employees receiving remuneration depending on amount of work done per hour, day, or month. Minimum wage law is simply a decree passed to prohibit employers from paying workers less than the set amount of minimum wage.
The difference between federal and state minimum wage laws is that federal law applies to all the fifty states, while state law is only applicable to one state. Some states have higher minimum wage standards than the standards of federal law; others have lower standards or none at all. Increasing the minimum wage in the United States of America will definitely lead to increase in rate of unemployment, since the cost of hiring will increase leading to reduced demand for labor.
Works Cited Koshers, Marvin. The Effects of the Minimum Wage on Employment. New York: Cengage Learning, 2004. Print.
Lee, Kenneth. Minimum Wage Laws and Administration: The Widening Gap. New York: John Wiley
Why are poor people more likely to be obese? Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Obesity is a health condition that results from accumulation of fat in the body that has adverse effects on health of victims. It is caused by excessive intake of high-energy foods, genetic makeup of individuals, and lack of adequate physical exercise (Wolin 34). It reduces life expectancy and predisposes individuals to other health problems such as type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancer (Wolin 35).
Individuals with obesity are more prone to diseases than individuals without obesity are. In olden days, obesity was associated with wealthy people. However, the situation has changed. Research suggests that poor people are more likely to be obese than rich people.
Discussion One of the reasons why poor people are more prone to obesity than rich people is because of poor diet. A major cause of obesity is excess intake of high-energy foods (Smith 44). Many parents from poor households cannot afford healthy meals for their families. For example, they buy processed foods for breakfast and dinner.
In contrast, rich people take time to prepare meals that are balanced in nutritive content. Fast foods and processed foods are usually rich in fat that is a predisposing factor to obesity (Pena and Bacalloa 51). Since fast foods are cheap and readymade, parents prefer them without considering their health implications
Poor people have little or no access to health facilities such as gyms for workouts (Pena and Bacalloa 53). Rich people can afford to subscribe to health facilities for regular workouts.
On the contrary, poor people rely on physical activities such as walking and running for exercise. However, with frequent intake of foods rich in high fat content, ordinary physical activities are not sufficient. On the other hand, parents from poor families do not play active roles in the lives of their children (Smith 47). They allow children do things on their own. As such, children eat junk foods because it is sugary and sweet. Many parents from rich families play active roles in the lives of their children.
They ensure that their children eat healthy foods, and take them to the doctor for regular medical checkups (Levine 2667). In addition, poor people do not get time for exercise because at the end of the day, they are very tired from working. Many poor people work in manual jobs that are very tiresome and that pay small wages. Their little income denies them access to farmers markets that sell healthy foods (Levine 2667).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Poor people prefer high-calorie foods because they keep them satisfied for longer. This helps them tackle hard times when they cannot get food readily. A research conducted by the University of Miami found out that whenever people realize that food was scarce, they turn to high-calorie foods that keep them satisfied for longer compared to healthier low-calorie foods (Drewnowski 8).
Foods such as wheat, corn, and potatoes are cheap but unhealthy. It is easier to feed a family with fast food that costs little money than to purchase healthier foods that are more expensive. These high-calorie foods predispose people to obesity. Poor people prefer fast foods because they are cheap and can easily feed their families on small budgets (Drewnowski 10). However, their health implications are adverse and cause serious complications in the long-term.
Another reason why poor people are more prone to obesity than rich people is level of education. Many poor people are uneducated and ignorant.
Therefore, they possess little knowledge on importance of eating a balanced diet (Borland par2). They consider the cost of food first rather than its nutritive value. Poor people do not know the difference between healthy and unhealthy food. Nutritional knowledge would enable them differentiate between healthy and unhealthy foods. However, they know little about negative effects of various foods on health.
Therefore, they consume foods based on how much they cost rather than their nutritive value (Borland par3). They opt for fast foods in order to save money. There is a direct relationship between income and obesity. Poor people prefer cheap food rather than healthy food. In contrast, rich people prefer healthy food even though it is expensive. Poor people buy the cheapest foods that they can get in order to save money (Borland par6). In today’s society, the cheapest foods are junk foods that are rich in high calories.
Conclusion Poor people are more likely to be obese because the foods they can afford are unhealthy and cheap. They do not consider the nutritive value of food but its price. Junk food is the cheapest type of food sold today. In order to save money for other uses, poor people opt for junk food that has high calorie content.
Other reasons include lack of access to health training facilities, and lack of knowledge on importance of healthy eating because of low levels of education. In addition, parents from poor families do not play active roles in the lives of their children. These factors predispose poor people to obesity more than rich people.
We will write a custom Essay on Why are poor people more likely to be obese? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Borland, Sophie. The poor are moiré likely to be obese, says health minister. 23 Jan. 2013. Web. .
Drewnowski, Adam. Poverty and Obesity: The Role of Energy Density and Energy Costs. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 79.1 (2002): 6-16. Print.
Levine, James. Poverty and Obesity in the U.S. Diabetes 6.11 (2006): 2667-2668. Print.
Pena, Manuel, and Bacalloa Jorge. Obesity and poverty: a new public health challenge. New York: Pan American Health Org, 2000. Print.
Smith, Patricia. Obesity among poor Americans: is public assistance the problem? New York: Vanderbilt University Press, 2007. Print.
Wolin, Kathleen. Obesity. New York: ABC-CLIO, 2009. Print.
Performance Management Reflection Essay custom essay help
Remedial strategy for resolving cost mix Basically, ABC is a remedial strategy for resolving cost mix changes through the implementations steps contained in it. The ABC program can identify the main elements of costs in an organization. Reflectively, this aspect is critical in the proactive costs assessments through classification of the costs to distribute them in line with the accurate focus.
Nevertheless, the cost brackets identified and classified should be placed on the premise of categories or elements rather than by the shallow organization or product function. For instance, maintenance, fixed, and definite but slightly flexible costs are but examples of the ideal ways of cost classification in the ABC program.
On the other hand, the ABC program offers an opportunity for the easy identification of the vital cost elements that demand attention and control planning in the product cost identity mix. From this, the cost pool strategy will give room for summation of the activity rate for each identified activity through application of planned driver.
Thus, a company may use this program simulation to carry out comparative costing to accurately track and monitor the flows in costs since the ABC simulation offers the application that can facilitate activity-based costing for the purpose of timely planning and business insight within the rationale of optimal performance. Thus, the ABC simulation offers a proactive tool for tracking uncertainty, variability and interdependence of costs and activities against available resources.
Why the balanced scorecard (BSC) is a necessity in Midal Company
Reflectively, a BSC system offers the opportunity for an organization to fill the vacuum that often exists between company actions and strategies adopted. At the same time, the system engages a multi faceted user board in planning for the immediate, midterm and long term strategies.
Also, the system has application for tracking feedback against progress of each strategy and records any changes in the dynamic business environment. Thus, the BSC system can be described as a necessary tool for system evaluation of the strategies in place against future focus in order to successfully translate the strategies into deliverable variables that can be quantified. In relation to Midal Company, the proposed BSC system will fasten efficiency and optimal productivity.
Applying the BSC system at Midal
When successfully implemented, the BSC system is likely to transform the Midal’s corporate plans into quantifiable action plans that can be tracked from one period to another. Thus, the current traditional approach to strategic planning in the company will be transformed into easily identifiable specific, actionable, measurable, time bound and realistic through the BSC system.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, the BSC system facilitated complete transformation of the Geon Forex Capital into a very efficient company with tracking devises for measuring performance.
How BSC can be integrated in Midal Company
From the above reflection, the BSC system will facilitate scientific management of the company through effective planning and excellent execution of strategies into measurable results. The BSC system will facilitate rational decision making among the executive managers since they will be empowered to support their decisions with quantifiable and justifiable action plans in line with the main goal of quality performance and optimal service delivery.
Customer measurement is critical in planning for product design and delivery in a company. In the case of Midal Company, customer measurement will facilitate maintenance of customer preference since the company will be in a position to benchmark customer measurement results to provide up-to-date services.
Process management Process management is central in a production process. It ensures that goods or services produced are of superior quality. Also, process management helps in identification of areas for improvement. This improves customers’ satisfaction. Process management consists of three processes these are, design, control and improvement.
Provision of quality goods and services is of essence in business. The process of developing quality products is a complex interrelationship of various attributes. It entails identification of customer requirements, identification technical requirements, relating the customer requirements to the technical requirements, evaluating competing products or services, evaluating technical requirements, developing targets, and determining the technical requirements to deploy in the remainder of the production/delivery process.
This process design is comprehensive since it takes in to account all necessary functions of process management. It improves the quality of goods and services produced.
Since inputs are critical in determining the quality of output, companies use special devises for quality assurance and control. These devices detect mistakes early and enable the company to correct. Other than checking inputs, the management also uses these devices during the entire production process.
We will write a custom Essay on Performance Management Reflection specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Use of these devices in the entire production process helps in the detection of human or machine error, such as forgetfulness, misunderstanding, absentmindedness, delays, malfunctions, or errors in identification. This helps in correction of the errors early.
The final stage of process design is critical. It entails evaluation of the entire process with an aim of pointing out areas for improvement. Besides, during this stage the management can compare targets with outcome and note variances. Generally, performance management is critical in quality assurance, planning and implementation of different business management models.
Performance Measurement Report essay help free
Introduction The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) model is a mechanism that is mainly used by organizations to enhance their efficiency, particularly when it comes to the issue of strategy management and achievement. Often, organizations rely on several indicators to determine whether their performances are well in track to achieve organizational objectives. Such indicators, including the financial measurements are, however, inadequate in pointing out accurately an organization’s actual position in as far as it business operations and performance are concerned.
The BSC provides an elaborate mechanism for organizations to determine several indicators, which are all used in determining strategy. This paper seeks to discuss the use and efficiency of BSCs by organizations as they pursue their strategies and objectives. In particular, the paper seeks to discuss Tesco Plc. and its application of BSC.
Tesco Plc. is the leading British retailer of food, selling more than 4000 varied food products. The retailer has further expanded its portfolio to include the sale of other non-food items, including electronics, kitchen utensils, stationery, and clothing among many other commodities.
The Tesco chain of stores is currently ranked as the third largest in the world, after global leader Walmart of the USA and French company Carrefour. Apart from operating in native Britain, Tesco also has a presence in at least 13 other countries across the globe (Datamonitor, 2011). In 2012, Tesco achieved a total group sales value of £72 billion and £3.8 billion in profits before taxation. The underlying diluted earnings per share increased by 2.1%, while the full year dividend per share stood at 14.76% (Tesco Plc, 2012).
Tesco introduced its BSC in 1998. Over the years, the BSC has been critical in enabling the firm to achieve its strategies and objectives. Each year, the firm reviews its BSC with the intention of ensuring that its organizational goals are achieved. There is strict adherence to the BSC in Tesco.
Weekly data is accumulated and stored. The scorecard in every store helps managers to also access the corporate scorecard that is presented on quarterly basis (Witcher
The role which has been played by blogs and social networking in altering our daily usage of the internet and the World Wide Web Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
The development of the internet has been perhaps the best thing which has ever happened to human beings, as far as computer-based communication is concerned. Ever since its introduction in the world way back in 1965, the internet has continued to play a significant role in our lives.
The advanced use of the internet or the World Wide Web in the contemporary world has had a revolutionary impact to the people all over the world, thus helping to improve their lives in a special way. The human life in vast areas of accountability has been made easier through the possibilities of world wide communications currently offered by the internet.
As it would be observed, culture and commerce are some of the key aspects involving humans today that have been impacted largely by this modern trend of communication which continues to touch every part of our lives. On this particular note, the internet has played a major role in enhancing communication and interaction among people of different cultural backgrounds, through interactive elements like search engines and social networking sites found on the internet.
More importantly, the evolution of the internet has continued to play a key role in today’s business arena in a number of ways. In regard with this subject, this paper examines how the use of blogs and social networking has altered our daily usage of the World Wide Web and the internet.
The constant use of blogs and social networking as some of the main tools of communication offered by the internet has altered the way people use the World Wide Web. Just a couple of years ago, the internet would be seen as a platform for kids and idle adults to kill time in ways that could not be more useful.
This would include things such as sharing of pictures and rants, email communication, and computer gaming, among other engaging activities. However, today, things have completely changed, and internet has emerged as one of the many things courtesy of the computer technology which have proved to be very useful to the human life. As a matter of fact, millions of people across the world have discovered just how the internet could be used for other beneficial ways, apart from simple communication and gaming (Goh
A Travel Back in Time: Analysis of David Walker’s Appeal Essay essay help online
When taking a look back at the stages of the world history, one might be wondering how different the world would be if at certain points, people had undertaken different actions, made different decisions and considered different ideas. Sometimes, the choice between a plethora of options would have done nothing; in other cases, the solution to a specific dilemma would have waged the fate of millions of people.
Changing the outcomes is one thing, however; changing people’s mindset is another. Taking the famous refusal to accept David Walker’s Appeal will be a perfect way to illustrate the aforementioned idea. One might argue that David Walker’s famous brainchild, Appeal, and its further rejection by the Founding Fathers at the time of composing the declaration of Independence predetermined the further course of the USA development, with its horrible history of slavery and the further racial discrimination, particularly against Black people.
However, assuming that David Walker’s Appeal would have changed people’s minds entirely would be rather naïve. Despite the fact that by 1829, the citizens of the United States have accepted the ideas of equal chances, rights and freedoms, it would have been wrong consider that the U.S. citizens were ready to accept the concept of rights and freedoms for everyone.
Abolitionist ideas have not yet sunk deep enough with the common people, and it was thirty-six years until the Civil War, which could possibly mean only that the then dominant USA population would have not considered David Walker’s Appeal as a possible idea. Therefore, in terms of the relationships between the white and the Black population of the USA, the Appeal would have solved nothing.
Moreover, further conflicts between the Americans and the African Americans would have been spawned, which means that the Civil War might have been somewhat crueler and it would have taken more than four years to win the battle. Overall, even if Walker’s Appeal had been considered in the Senate, it would have made the conflict between the two cultures even longer and more complicated. Some of the changes might have been speeded up a bit, yet the majority of the historic events would have remained in their places.
However, with all these issues in mind, Walker’s argument cannot be considered as radical; despite its tone and premises, i.e., the dissatisfaction with the policy towards the African American people, Walker’s work is written as a suggestion instead of a demand or a call for action, which means that Walker’s Appeal cannot be considered as a thrust in a direction towards the derogation of the white people.
Walker must be credited for a very strong opinion on the policy that the American government was implementing. He did not hesitate to express his concern with the lack of humanity and to critique the very concept of slavery, as well as the policies that supported it. Some might argue that Walker’s appeal never had any Black Nationalism implications in it.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Indeed, it would be rather unexpected in the era when the African American population was oppressed that a person of an African American origin, even a man of education and intelligence of Walker’s, would have decided to promote the ideas that would have diminished the role of the dominating part of the population.
According to the existing researches, the fact that Walker suggested the ideas of equality in the era when slavery was a widely accepted phenomenon can hardly be posed as a supportive argument – in fact, abolitionists have done their job by 1820ies, and a number of the African American people had learned about the basic abolitionist principles by that time.
Considering some of the passages from Walker’s famous work will help define the parts that have been interpreted as the start of the “Black Nationalism.” Among the most daring statements, the following must be quoted:
I have been for years troubling the pages of historians, to find out what our fathers have done to the white Christians of America, to merit such condign punishment as they have inflicted on them, and do continue to inflict on us their children. But I must aver, that my researches have hitherto been to no effect.
It is important to stress that in the given sentence, two basic ideas can be traced. On the one hand, walker makes it clear that there is no basic difference between an American and an African America.
Walker does so by stating that the Black people might have deserved such cruel treatment and such unbelievable injustice by only committing a terrible crime to the entire race of the American people. Otherwise, walker implies, such an attitude is completely pointless and unexplainable. Thus, Walker draws parallels between the Black people and the white people, claiming that they are on the same level, and that slavery can only be explained – but not justified – by a terrible mistake that one could have done in the past.
Rather understandable plea for justice, the given statement seems innocent enough; however, when considered closer, it supposedly could be viewed as a reason to start an eye-for-an-eye battle between the oppressed and the dominating ones; since the African people are equal to the American ones, it would only be fair that the latter should pay for the years of humiliation and abuse.
We will write a custom Essay on A Travel Back in Time: Analysis of David Walker’s Appeal specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Still, viewing the given passage in the light of Black Nationalism does not seem possible. Walker’s question can be considered demanding, persistent, solution seeking, even demanding for a change, yet it does not have a single tangible element of stating the need to establish a specific nation and represent a specific culture.
Another element from Walker’s work might be considered a manifestation of the Black Nationalism relates to his attitude towards the white people. This is the point at which his statement stops being a typical peace-seeking statement and where the demand for establishing the status quo stems from.
owever, this can also be viewed as the point that spawned the most turmoil and caused even greater conflict between the Black and the white population. For example, such passage as “The whites have always been an unjust, jealous, unmerciful, avaricious and blood-thirsty set of beings, always seeking after power and authority” shows clearly that the author did not have a very favorable opinion of most of the USA white population.
Clearly, the given opinion was voiced by a person who knew the white people from their worst side and, therefore, had the right to pass such harsh and stern judgment. However, the given judgment did not serve the purpose that the given document had, i.e., providing the African American people with the rights and freedoms that they deserved. Indeed, the ways in which Walker describes the white population of the USA, as well as the white race in general, starting from the Romans, as slaveholders for their selfish reasons.
Even though at some point Walker states that in no way did he want to insult the representatives of the European origin and was only attempting to provide freedom to the entire nation: “Let no one say that I assert this because I am prejudiced on the side of my colour, and against the whites or Europeans”, the given specifics of the paper does make the statement weaker.
Nevertheless, it would be absurd to consider the ideas of the man who appealed to “humanity, kindness and the fear of the Lord” in his major work as the ones that promoted radical actions.
In the light of what slaveholders did to their so-called “living goods,” the principles of equal rights that Walker heralded could be regarded as the most peaceful response possible: “Why, I thought the Americans proclaimed to the world that they are a happy, enlightened, humane and Christian people, all the inhabitants of the country enjoy equal Rights!! America is the Asylum for the oppressed of all nations!!!”
To give Walker credit, though, his work did accelerate the process of recognizing the rights of the Black people and freeing them from the burden of slavery that they had been carrying for so long. Nevertheless, as it has been stressed above, the tone and the overall straight-forwardness of the paper made it hardly applicable in the late 1820ies settings.
Not sure if you can write a paper on A Travel Back in Time: Analysis of David Walker’s Appeal by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Walker’s statement could not have been considered radical simply because he preferred reasoning with the people oppressing his kind instead of straight calling the Black people to take revenge on the oppressors.
Therefore, it can be assumed that Walker’s paper was more than appropriate response to the anti-abolitionists. Sadly, the complicated XIX century relationships between the African Americans and the rest of the American population would not have been saved with a single document, even with such glorious and meaningful as Walker’s Appeal.
While its contribution into the history of the United States cannot possibly be doubted, the issue concerning the adequate treatment of the African American people, as well as the ideas concerning freedom, equality and fraternity, do not change rapidly. It takes time and great patience to convince someone that a nation must not be judged on the merits of the looks of its representatives, religious beliefs, political system, etc.
While the goal that Walker pursued by promoting his Appeal as the guiding principle of the new policies towards Black people, it must be admitted that he chose the wrong time and the wrong tone. While the fact that the Appeal would have caused a surge of Black Nationalism is rather doubtful, it is still clear that, once adopted, the given law would have triggered numerous protests from the owners of slaves, the supporters of slavery and all the people who were not ready for the changes in their attitude towards the Black population.
It is clear that the results would not have changed either way; in the latter case, it may be assumed that the 1861 bloodbath would have been lengthier and bloodier, yet slavery would have finally been dealt with, while equality principles would have had to wait for another century. That being said, it can be assumed that Walker was ahead of his time; he had written his Appeal for a different era and for the people of different and more tolerant mindset.
Reference List Robinson, Dean E. Black Nationalism in American Politics and Thought. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
Walker, David. David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University. 2002.
Footnotes Dean E. Robinson, Black Nationalism in American Politics and Thought (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 11.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 16.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 20.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 28.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 28.
David Walker, David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University, 2002), 82.
Smoking: Problems and Solutions Report online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Case Study: Canada
Introduction The tobacco industry is worth billions of dollars in annual profits made from the sale of cigarettes. This industry promotes the smoking of cigarettes by millions of individuals in countries all over the world. While most people enjoy smoking, this habit has many harmful effects that outweigh any perceived merits. Tobacco smoking is the number one cause of preventable deaths in most nations across the globe. The United Press International (2010) reports that, “more than 440,000 U.S. residents die annually from cigarette smoking” (p.1).
Smoking not only affects the smoker but also the people around him who are forced to inhale the polluted air. The CDC (2013) reveals that secondhand smokers incur adverse health conditions and even death because of the exposure. In addition to the negative health consequences associated with tobacco use, smoking leads to loss in productivity by an individual costing the economy billions of dollars annually.
The CDC (2002) further notes that smoking leads to a loss of money for citizens as they use thousands of dollars each year to sustain their habit. Considering the significant negative impact that smoking has on the society, measures should be taken to address the problem. Policies should be implemented to ensure that people are dissuaded from smoking.
If measures are not taken, the deaths and disease burden of smoking-related illness will continue to be prevalent in the society. Even more troubling, more young people will take up this damaging habit. The financial cost of smoking will also continue to be felt by the society.
Solutions To solve the problem, I would impose laws that restrict adults from smoking in the presence of children. Specifically, parents would be prevented from smoking at home when their children are present. A report by Wang and Phil (2011) reveals that children who are exposed to secondhand smoke at home are likely to engage in smoking themselves in future. Making smoking in the presence of children illegal would therefore have the desirable effect of preventing most children from taking up smoking in the future.
The community should engage in preventative programs to reduce smoking prevalence. Smoking remains to be a major problem due to the significant percentage of new smokers each year. Such programs would especially be effective to the youth who are thinking of picking up smoking.
Lovato (2012) states that “teenagers are likely to start smoking due to peer influence while at school” (p.363). With effective preventative programs targeted at such groups, the number of new smokers will remain low ensuring that the problem of smoking is mitigated. The National Cancer Institute (2013) suggests that greater investments should be made in efforts to assist individuals to quit smoking. A large percentage of smokers attempt to quit the habit at some point.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reid et al. (2012) reveal that most of the smokers who are successful in their quitting attempts get some form of assistance from health care providers and community workers. To fund these solutions, the government can increase the taxation on tobacco companies. Such an action will not only provide the necessary finances but also increase the price of cigarettes therefore reducing consumption due to high prices.
Case Study: Canada One developed nation where the impacts of smoking are felt is Canada. CBPP (2013) reports that in Canada, 16.7% of the population smoke with the daily smokers, who consume an average of 13 cigarette sticks a day, being 13.1%. The highest percentage of smokers were found among the young adults aged between 20 and 24.
The Lung Association (2013) documents that approximately 37,000 Canadians die from smoking related conditions annually making tobacco a major killer in the country. In addition to this, the disease increases the risk for various forms of cancer, leukemia, and coronary problems. The CDC (2002) asserts that smoking “produces substantial health-related economic costs to society” (p.1).
In recognition of the problems that tobacco causes in the country, The Canadian government has taken steps to reduce smoking in the country. Reid et al. (2012) note that the government has engaged in aggressive campaigns to promote awareness of the adverse effects of smoking. CBC News (2010) reveals that the government has “forced cigarette manufacturers to carry picture-based warnings” (p.1).
These efforts have led to a marked decline in revenues for the industry as sales in the country have dropped. In spite of this drop, reports by CBC News (2010) indicate that “nearly one-fifth of Canadians call themselves smokers” (p.1). This indicates that the smoking problem is far from solved in the country. Better solutions will have to be implemented to ensure that the problem of smoking is mitigated and eventually eradicated from the society.
References CBC News. (2010). Statistical look at cigarettes and Canadian smokers. Web.
CBPP. (2013). Tobacco Control. Web.
We will write a custom Report on Smoking: Problems and Solutions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More CDC (2002). Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs – United States, 1995-1999. Web.
CDC (2013). Tobacco: Fast Facts. Web.
Lovato, C. (2012). School and Community Predictors of Smoking: A Longitudinal Study of Canadian High Schools. American Journal of Public Health, 103(2), 362-368.
National Cancer Institute (2013). Cigarette Smoking: Health Risks and How to Quit. Web.
Reid J. L., Hammond, D., Burkhalter, R.,
Immigration bias on Hispanics in North Carolina Essay essay help: essay help
Immigration bias against the Hispanics has been witnessed in the State of North Carolina based on implementation of Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Section 287 (g)’s implementation in North Carolina has been controversial since it has infringed on the rights and freedoms of the minority Hispanics in the State. Section 287(g) allows the Immigration and Customs Enforcement to create accords with state and regional police agencies in the process of enactment of immigration laws.
State officials have been conducting random traffic stops and searches in the guise of napping or targeting the Hispanic community. The implementation of the INA act and in particular section 287(g) in regard to memorandums signed between the State agencies and INA has been criticised. These MOA’s have given powers to state agencies who in turn have been conducting immigration searches in a discriminate manner.
Moreover, state officials in the State have undertaken the implementation of these MOA’s with lack of transparency and in defiance of the law. Hispanics have complained of prejudiced abuses and lack of protection from the police. In one instance, a Hispanic mother of four US citizens was detained under the INA act due to her racial status. Although, the law gives powers to state officials to undertake immigration searches, it only applies to undocumented immigrants.
The ICE usually focuses on immigrants charged with heinous acts but in the state of North Carolina, law enforcement agencies use section 287 (g) to target suspected illegal immigrants charged with small offences. For instance, in 2008 around 84% of immigrants had been detained and charged with minor traffic offences in Gaston County. This clearly proves that state officials in North Carolina are not implementing section 287(g) as envisaged in the act.
Since, section 287(g) is misused as an immigration artillery and instrument for bullying and segregation of foreigners of Hispanic extract. The actions of the state officials contribute to discrimination and racial profiling of the minority Hispanic group in the society. As a result, the Hispanic community have encountered a profound sense of discrimination which has breed mistrust and scepticism towards State and regional institutions.
Most of the Hispanic people believe that State officials are looking for justifications under the INA act to repatriate them. As a result, the co-operation of the minority groups in State activities is greatly diminished due to mistrust. According to section 287 (g), state officials are only allowed to screen for immigrants once they are in custody over other offences.
Therefore, the actions of the officials in North Carolina are breaches against the law and thus these officials have to rectify their actions. The US constitution has provisions that allow for community participation in making of law and thus the MOA’s signed between States and the ICE should include community input. Community based groups should be involved in the process of drafting the MOA’s under section 287 (g) so as to cater for welfare of all interest groups on immigration.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Making use of the input of the community in the process of enactment of laws will assist greatly in ensuring a balanced view on any issue is achieved. Moreover, the community will feel co-operative since its input has been considered in the process of making decisions that impact directly on the lives of community members. State officials in North Carolina should respect the US and State constitution while at the same time involving the community in the process of implementing section 287(g) of the INA act.
Under what situations might outsourcing of EC services not be desirable? Research Paper college essay help
Everyone wants to outsource some works to third parties. It is necessary when business owners want to focus on their high-level jobs. However, there are certain situations under which outsourcing may not be desirable. Reasons may vary from one organization to another (Turban and King 549).
No firm would want to outsource EC business when the cost of outsourcing is too high. In most cases, businesses outsource some jobs in order to cut costs related to permanent staff and training of IT staff. However, under rare situations, the cost of outsourcing could be expensive, especially for startups.
Core business competencies
Firms should not outsource their core business competencies. This is where the competitive advantage of a company is. Firms use such competitive advantages to achieve their strategic objectives and missions. Thus, any attempt to delegate or transfer such jobs to a third party could compromise the main reason for business existence.
Dynamic business functions
There are business functions, which are highly dynamic and difficult to predict in terms of risk factors. For instance, customer service has become unpredictable as customers have become demanding and dynamic. Thus, such services should remain in-house because the service provider may lack the capacity to meet such challenging and dynamic roles.
Changes in management
Outsourcing should not take place during shifts among top executives. The incumbent team is the best for facilitating implementation of the process because it understands the company’s core business and the need for outsourcing.
Outsourcing is an undertaking that requires dedicated resources like time, finance, planning, and implementation with supportive leadership. Thus, firms should put on hold all outsourcing plan when there are changes in management team, until the new executive articulates business mission and the need for outsourcing.
Some firms undertake major restructuring. This might not be the best time to outsource services. Usually, when the economy is weak, some organizations may embark on internal restructuring as a way of cutting costs, reducing hierarchies, eliminating unprofitable units, consolidating, transferring staff, and refinancing operations among other initiatives. On the other hand, firms may start new operations in a strong economy without negative impacts on the business.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When firms undertake such restructuring programs, they should avoid any outsourcing without adequate orientation. Under such situations, any attempt to outsource services could result in high risk by distracting employees, executives and introducing complications in the system. Thus, any outsourcing plan should be under the management plan of senior executives so that they can have adequate concentration, stable operations, and adequate time to allow them to achieve the desired results from outsourcing.
Firms should not outsource knowledge-based functions. This is an intellectual capital, which should stay in-house. A knowledge-based economy depends on a competitive advantage. Thus, any organization must be able to control its internal business secrets and develop new concepts out of experience and skills.
Core functions that do not require any form of risks
Some risks may hamper the delivery of core functions to a firm. This is risky in situations where foreign firms provide outsourcing services. For instance, countries with political risks may undermine attempts to deliver services and payment. Thus, the firm must have special ways of mitigating and managing risks. Although such risks could be manageable, they may consume time and other resources.
Works Cited Turban, Efraim and David King. Electronic Commerce 2012: Managerial and Social Networks Perspectives. 7th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.
The Role of Communication in the Relationships Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The way people communicate is extremely important, especially in a marriage, as individuals can get lost in the routine and daily responsibilities. An article “Can we talk? Researcher talks about the role of communication in happy marriages” examines the issue of what happens to couples and how to avoid the distancing that takes over the relationship.
One of the most problematic areas for married couples is the content of their conversation. It must be centered on their individuality and personal problems. People must look deeper, past the surface of the daily duties that involve children, family matters and work.
They must disclose personal information and this will lead to proper communication and understanding. It is very possible to relate to the article and advice given because in the modern world, people often get preoccupied with the fast pace that is required by their work, responsibilities and necessities of life (Sole, 2011).
From a personal point of view, there have been several times when a situation did not get resolved due to a simple misunderstanding. For example, a choice of restaurant was offered and a person who offered the type of restaurant did not really see the difference between many kinds of places.
Their partner did not want to offend their choice and so, had to go with the offered location. Once there, the setting was not very well established and the couple had a mediocre experience. Once they got home, it turned into a minor argument where one was displeased with the place and was asking for the reasons of such a poor selection.
The person who offered that specific restaurant did not really care for the setting and so, this situation could have been avoided if both expressed their attitude towards the location. If the person displeased with the setting had honestly admitted about their dislike, a different selection of the restaurant could have been made.
This shows how important it is to express personal feelings. Even if there is a possibility that a person might get slightly offended, it is better to try to do it in the most kind and respectful way, as to explain own reasons and state why they do not prefer a certain choice. This would help avoid a much greater conflict and argument. Self disclosure is very important in a relationship because it allows people to express their inner emotions and likes, which will help people to get to know each other better.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Also, it will aid individuals to adjust to the interests and be able to predict what can and cannot be done in a certain situation. The similarities between genders are very obvious. Both men and women appreciate affection and honesty. Attention that is paid to details goes a long way and helps find a common ground. Both males and females have specific taste preferences for food and favorite drinks.
The amount of common likes and dislikes is enormous but most of all, both genders need and look for love and understanding from their partner. Generalizations in relation to communication are common for all. People should involve themselves in conversations more, as well as personal sharing (Schoenberg, 2011).
The human ability to transfer understanding and ideas to others is extremely important, especially in marriage and any other relationship. People should engage each other to share and relate to common interests and themes.
References Schoenberg, N. (2011). Can we talk? Researcher talks about the role of communication in happy marriages. Washington, United States: McClatchy – Tribune News Service.
Sole, K. (2011).Making connections: Understanding interpersonal communication. San Diego, United States: Bridgepoint Education, Inc
Global Health Priorities Definition Essay essay help online
Every year the World Health Organization (WHO) collects health information from all member states. The health information is used to formulate both short term and long term goals.
This information is then shared with all stakeholders. Based on this information, priority areas are selected and appropriate interventions formulated. Health priorities vary from region to region but there are some that are generally considered to be universal. This paper will discuss the global health priorities. It begins with a brief overview of the health related millennium development goals (MDG).
The WHO has traditionally formulated global health priorities using the millennium development goals. The millennium development goals related to health include MDG 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 (WHO, 2013). MDG 1 is concerned with childhood malnutrition especially reduction of underweight while MDG 4 focuses on child health and immunization. MDG 5 is concerned with maternal and reproductive health. The health aspects covered in MDG 6 include malaria, tropical diseases, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS.
The seventh millennium development goal covers water and sanitation. Global health priorities emerge from the MDGs. Some health concerns are confined to some regions but due to huge socioeconomic burden they exert on communities, they qualify to be regarded as global health concerns. Other health priorities include universal health coverage and access to essential medicines in all countries, healthcare for people living with disabilities, and prevention and control of non communicable diseases.
Reduction of childhood health problems is a universal priority. The emphasis is on childhood malnutrition and immunization. Other childhood diseases are also covered. Immunization is among the most effective ways of reducing childhood diseases and mortality (WHO, 2013). WHO has setup a global vaccine action plan to ensure worldwide access to immunization services.
The aim of the program is to ensure that vaccines are availed to both privileged and underprivileged communities at the same time. Child underweight is associated with maternal underweight. An underweight mother is likely to give birth to an underweight infant. Therefore, WHO advocates for weight and nutritional monitoring during the antenatal period. Diligent management of other childhood conditions and illnesses like diarrhoea is necessary for future national development.
Maternal mortality remains one of the greatest concerns of the WHO and member states. This is captured in MDG 6 which envisages improved maternal health and reduction of maternal mortality.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To achieve this, WHO requires mothers to attend antenatal clinic at least four times. It further advises that mothers should deliver in the presence of skilled birth attendants. Maternal health has a great effect on the health of an infant. Reproductive health services also contribute to improved quality of life. The World Health Organization has asked governments and other agencies concerned with maternal health to provide essential equipment and drugs to support maternal and child health.
Water and sanitation is a huge health concern. At the moment, over 1.1 billion people in the world cannot access clean water (WHO, 2013). This poses a great danger to the affected communities. There are several diseases that are associated with poor sanitation and dirty water. It is the hope of the World Health Organization that all communities will access safe water and sanitation services in the near future.
Malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are among the leading causes of preventable deaths. HIV/AIDS is a manageable disease yet it still causes huge socioeconomic burdens to communities and individuals (Chipeta, Schouten, Aberle-Grasse, 2004). The WHO has prioritized programs geared towards prevention and control of these diseases.
References Chipeta, J., Schouten, E., Aberle-Grasse, J. (2004). HIV Prevalence and Associated Factors. Retrieved from .
World Health Organization. (2013). The World health statistics 2013. Web.
Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal essay help free
Abstract The aim of this paper is to give legislators recommendation for the new bill that seeks to increase the term by double for criminals sentenced for armed robbery. Despite the state legislature argument that the bill is popular the prime question should be will the bill act as a deterrent to armed robberies? It is hard to conclude on the right recommendation in a society that believes on the adage that ‘’do the crime, do the time’’.
The effectiveness of the bill if it passes into law is hard to define if it will deter crime to offenders and potential offenders. Robbery is a crime of stealing by use of threats or force. It is also referred to as larceny. Where the offender uses a weapon inflicting injury on the victim the offender is charged as armed robbery or aggravated robbery (Schmalleger, 2012).
Armed robbery is rampant in the United States hence becoming a major concern for the society, legislature, and criminal justice system. Armed robbery is punished as a capital offense; however, sentencing is depended on several variables such as state laws and procedures, past crime record, if state has diversion program or even if there are any sentencing improvements.
This bill should seek to address crime reduction is the United States and not just a bill to deter crime. The bill will get to root cause of crime and project where crime is headed today in the United States of America. Research might bring secondary solutions that might help curb the situation and have outcomes that are more successful (Schmalleger, 2012).
In many states, the out practice has discouraged habitual crime but in others, it has had no effect. For instance, in Lincoln, Nebraska there are several inmates with more than five hundred arrests. In other states, habitual criminals spend years in prison only to get out and commit yet another crime ending up in prison again.
Although there is no warranty that this bill once passed into law will deter crime however, there are recommendations that once implemented can be of use to both society and criminals.
A strict code of conduct should be set for the convicted and those who follow and demonstrate ability to live by it once but there can be released. These procedures include behaviour modification, vocation training and education, counseling, work experience, proper nutrition and exercise. These procedures will ensure that convicts are rehabilitated rather than being incarcerated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The rehabilitation methods to be proposed in this bill include behaviour modification, training, education and vocation, work experience and proper nutrition and exercise. In some places where rehabilitation has been implemented it had failed due to lack of cogent method of implementation.
Presently, many prisoners just eat, watch TV, lift weights, and do little work. Many spent their time in the cold cells. The question that remains in many people’s minds what is the fete of those who will eventually be released. What is the recidivism rate of the prisoners if convicted? This bill should address these major goals (Schmalleger, 2012).
To many citizens and members of the state legislature, the bill should pass the clean bill of health. In the society, robbery criminals should perish in prison cells without light of the day. However, the prime goal of every judicial system and prison system is to correct and rehabilitate the convicts into good citizens so that once they are out they can serve their country patriotically. The theory and adage that do crime more time is retrogressive and time barred.
The disparity in judicial sentencing in the judicial system. This disparity is variations and equities resulting when convicted of same crime are given different sentences whether in the same State or in a different state (Schmalleger, 2012).
This disparity is unfair. There should be equal sentence for same crime. The judicial system should thus create a scorecard that is to be used when delivering sentences. This score should cut across all states and all judges. In this respect, I would wish the bill to accommodate the recommendation that all crimes receive same punishment.
Probation is allows an offender to get another chance. It can be given in addition to the normal jail term. It allows an offender to join his community with supervision from his/her probation officer. The probation officer sets the terms such as classes, curfews, and monitoring.
This is a well thought out recommendation, as it is not every offender is a repeat offender (Schmalleger, 2012). We cannot lay a blanket judgement that all are capable of doing a repeat offense that is what this bill seeks to achieve. Where a first time offender gets double maximum prison term by just committing their first crime, this will seem like the system doesn’t want them o prove themselves. This is not a good point on part of the offender.
We will write a custom Proposal on Prison Term Policy Recommendation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Parole is a recommendation where an offender sentenced to jail has the ability to get another chance of redeeming himself. It involves amnesty to those who have displayed good habits and frequently reports to the authority (Schmalleger, 2012).This recommendation will help in cutting down tax payers money spend on offenders besides giving offenders room for reformation and correction to patriotic citizens. In this regard, the bill should not pass the clean bill of health on the floor of the house.
Reference Schmalleger, F. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction. (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Biological Criminal Behaviour Essay best essay help: best essay help
Over the years, crime rate has been on the rise. The increase in crime rate has resulted in criminal behaviours becoming one of the world’s biggest challenges. Most governments have invested heavily in measures to combat crime, but at times, the investments resulted in no effect or have had little effect.
The failed efforts have prompted research about the root causes of criminal behaviours in hominids. The outcomes of the analytic studies have attributed criminal actions to genetics, psychology, and environmental factors.A child brought up in an environment with high crime cases may have his or her morals corrupted. Children living in a drug-infested zone tend to engage in drugs-related criminal actions because of peer influence (Alper, 1995).
The biological composition of an individual is also one of the major determinants of a person’s behaviour. In some families, the insanity has been identified to be hereditary and the genes causing insanity transfer along a family line. Some people also tend to be naturally antisocial so their intended thoughts or actions may be camouflaged. This poses a serious threat as they at times end up committing a crime without an indication (Alper, 1995).
In various cases, insanity has been used as a defence against criminal actions. This has also led to the intervention of psychiatrists, to determine the mental condition of criminals. In various federal states, the law postulates the mental status of a criminal or offender to be a cogitated factor in determining criminal responsibility. An example of such a law is the Anglo–American law, which avers that a lunatic cannot be held legally responsible for a crime committed while in an unstable mental state (Huckabee, 2000).
Initially, the insane plea laws had been lenient as the defendant just required to prove beyond doubt that at the time of the crime, he or she remained insane. Over time, the various standards and laws set to determine the sanity of an individual have been determined to have a loophole that has enabled criminals to go unpunished. This has cost many families their loved ones besides even the United States of America losing key leaders (Huckabee, 2000).
In a case study about the death of President Reagan, Hicnkley was acquitted of the shooting. This led to condemnation from the public, prompting a revision of the insanity plea edict to avoid criminals from avoiding punishment. The revisions of the law helped reduce criminal impunity.
Furthermore, the revision catered for the rights of those who killed unwillingly or because of insanity. A psychological disorder affecting John may have prompted him to shoot Reagan and the other officials. John later claimed to have done it as a way of expressing affection for Foster (Huckabee, 2000).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The United States of America government in combating these crimes introduced laws where one could be declared guilty but mentally ill thus have to receive mental treatment through institutionalisation. After institutionalisation, offenders are taken to a facility that helps them correct behaviour.
On the other hand, if a person is acquitted of insanity, he or she has to be released once it has been determined that he is of no harm to the public. Though factors like the environment and a person’s upbringing contributes to criminality, biological composition stands also as a key factor contributing to criminality. Individuals with genes that predispose them to crime should be treated through ways that discourage the replication of bad genes.
References Alper, J. S. (1995). Biological influences on criminal behaviour: How good is the evidence? British Medical Journal, 310(6975), 272-273.
Huckabee, H. M. (2000). Mental disability issues in the criminal justice system. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas Publishers Ltd.
The Ways of Greenhouse Gases Reducing Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
List of References
Introduction Global warming is a global problem that has raised a lot of concern. This issue has attracted attention of many researchers with the aim of finding ways of address it. The environment is vital for human survival. Both plants and animals entirely depend on the environment for growth and development.
Casper (2010, p. 94) argues that since the days of industrial revolution, the environment and its resources have greatly been threatened. Industries have been reported to affect the environment at a very high rate. This is because of the high levels of greenhouse gases emitted from these industries. This situation is worsened by the fact that now many nations are developing and there is a rising level of industrialization.
The concentration of greenhouse gases in the environment is increasing on daily basis. Carbon sinks have been cleared with the increase of the high demanding population across nations. Epstein (1990, p. 121) points out that effects of global warming are evident and felt with serious damages to nations. For example, many nations are suffering from frequent floods, droughts, tornadoes, poor and unequal rainfall patterns, and many other effects resulting from global warming.
Among the developed nations, the United States and China lead in emission of the greenhouse gases and hence frequently suffer from the effect of the same. The developing countries are equally emitting high levels of greenhouse gases in their quest to develop. These emissions however produced from different nations have a global impact.
According to Ramseur and Yacobucci (2008, p. 112), the environment as said earlier is very useful for sustaining human life. For people to continue enjoying the environmental resources the environment should therefore be conserved and its resources harvested sustainably. This paper seeks to explore the ways in which greenhouse gases can be reduced to curb global warming.
Discussion With an effort to address global warming, many suggestions and ways have been raised to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Efforts to reduce greenhouse gases and avoid global warming are not a one man’s or one nation’s duty. There is need for nations to collaborate.
A participatory approach where every member of the society is involved can be very effective. Many ways can be employed to reduce emission of greenhouse gases. The governments should enact and implement policies that are geared towards reducing emissions of the greenhouse gases. These policies should strictly encourage a Zero emission of greenhouse gases. If an industry has to emit either of the greenhouse gases, a fixed level of emission that is harmless to the environment should be stated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The government should ensure that such industries, companies, and businesses report publicly on their carbon emissions. This will make the companies to be extra careful not to emit or exceed the required emission levels. Low- carbon technologies should be encouraged in all sectors to reduce greenhouse gases emission.
This may be achieved by the government offering some donations to its citizens to install low-carbon technologies like use of solar energy. A nation may also apply principles like the polluter pay principle where a company or an individual pays a certain fee for polluting the environment. Industries may be forced to pay equally to the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the environment.
This will help in making the companies and the public to be more responsible and careful in handling their emissions and other wastes. According to Casper (2010, p. 78), Carbon sinks such as forests have been cleared for agricultural purposes to provide for the needs of the daily increasing population.
Nations should create awareness to the public on the need to have small families. The importance of forests should as well be explained to communities. By so doing, these communities will consequently conserve the forests.
This will highly contribute in reducing the concentration levels for greenhouse gases. There is need for nations to encourage companies and people within the communities to practice recycling and re-use of items. Things like polythene bags may be recycled. This reduces the accumulation of such polythene bags into the environment thereby reducing the amount of emissions when they are burnt as wastes in the environment.
According to Ramseur and Yacobucci (2008, p. 78), there are many other ways although not put into consideration by many nations that can help in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases effectively.
These may include holding energy management awards, rewarding companies with zero or less emission, promoting carbon-trading, rewarding communities with well-conserved forests among others. These factors motivates companies and communities to work hard towards ensuring that they do not ,engage in ,activities that in any way leads to the emission of greenhouse gases. All these factors when applied results to a greenhouse gases free nation, thereby curbing global warming and its impacts.
We will write a custom Essay on The Ways of Greenhouse Gases Reducing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The discussion above clearly points out that environment is a source of livelihood for many lives. Reducing greenhouse gases is very important in ensuring that this environment is protected in order to ensure its sustainability. The greenhouse gases have serious negative consequences to the environment. The impact is long lasting and devastating. If not addressed properly, this issue may create a permanent negative impact on the environment.
List of References Casper, J 2010, Greenhouse gases: Worldwide Impacts, Facts on File, New York.
Epstein, J 1990, Controlling the greenhouse effect: Five global regimes compared, Brookings Institution, Washington.
Analysis of Article: “Where is Culture in Cross Cultural Research?” Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Title of the article: Fischer, R. (2009). Where is culture in cross cultural research? An outline of a multilevel research process for measuring culture as a shared meaning system. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 9(1), 25-49.
Summary of the article The article entails a comprehensive analysis on how firms’ management teams can measure culture in order to be effective in their cross cultural management practices. The author has achieved this by incorporating various multilevel approaches ( Fischer, 2009). The author has also outlined the various meaning of the word culture.
One of the dimensions that the author has focused on relates to the shared value system. Moreover, the author has outlined a research framework that HR managers can use in the process of measuring and assessing various cross cultural variables. The author has emphasized on the importance of considering culture as a collective construct.
In an effort to illustrate how culture can be measured, the author has integrated two main models which include the equivalence and organizational research models. Additionally, the author has emphasized on the importance HR managers undertaking a comprehensive analysis of culture both at an individual and national level. The author has highlighted the importance of cross cultural differences in enhancing organizational success.
For example, the article has illustrated how culture impacts the behavior and attitude of employees. Barak (2011) asserts that failure to manage cultural differences can hinder organizational sharing which is paramount in firms’ effort to attain the desired level of synergy (Einarsen, Hoel, Zapf
Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Self-defense abortion is a highly controversial moral issue that is open to different interpretations and definitions. It is unacceptable to Christians and pro-life activists. However, liberals and groups such as politicians and medical practitioners have different interpretations. Acceptance of self-defense abortion can be based on the doctrine of utilitarianism (Boonin 35).
Utilitarianism holds that individuals should make decisions that have beneficial outcomes and that do not promote suffering and pain (Shaw 64). As such, self-defense abortion is acceptable because it promotes the wellbeing of a mother who decides to abort. In addition, it protects the mother from danger and avoids exposing the unborn baby to future pain and suffering.
The practice has been debated for a long time among medical practitioners, religious leaders, law experts, and human rights activists. However, they have not reached a consensus. Self-defense abortion is moral and permissible because it protects mothers from risks of physical and non-physical harm.
Background information Self-defense abortion is performed when conception occurs due to rape or incest, when the health of a mother is in danger, or when a mother is not willing to deliver the baby because of possible emotional or traumatic experiences she might possibly experience after delivery (Boonin 37). According to the utilitarian doctrine, there is no absolute right or wrong. The moral value of an action or act is solely determined by the outcome (Shaw 68).
A proponent of utilitarianism would first consider the question whether abortion would result in favourable outcomes or not. According to the doctrine, abortion is right in case a mother’s life is in danger, the mother is unable to take care of the baby financially or if the baby is malformed (Shaw 71). In addition, it is acceptable in case a baby’s birth would endanger either the physical or the mental well-being of the mother. Abortion is also permissible if birth of a baby would cause conflict among family members.
Non-physical harm Abortion is moral and permissible if a fetus exposes the mother to risk of non-physical harm. Several situations validate acceptance of abortion as a necessary method of preserving the well-being of a mother. These include potential damage to the mother’s mental health, financial prospects, career, or family plans (Davis 177).
If birth of a child interferes with these aspects of a mother’s life, then abortion is permissible. Under these situations, self-defense abortion ignores arguments presented by religious leaders and biologists that a fetus has a right to live because even though small, it is a human being (Davis 178). It is unethical to allow a fetus to develop if a mother’s mental health is in danger.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mother’s health is priority and if birth of the child would affect her health or life quality, then abortion is permissible. Two utilitarian philosophers, Bentham and Stuart Mill, taught that by following the utilitarian doctrine, individuals should yearn for creation or increment of happiness (Shaw 78). Bentham provided a definition of happiness as presence of pleasure and absence of pain.
Emotional, psychological, and mental disturbances are common outcomes of pregnancies from rape or incest. Abortion is permissible in case of rape or incest because a woman would be unable to live with guilt and shame of raising an incestuous child or a child from a rape ordeal (Davis 183).
If a woman was forced to have a child against her will, then she has a right to abort. On the other hand, the woman may not want the child or may not have financial ability to care for the child. Therefore, the baby would suffer because it would lack motherly love and care. Instead of exposing the child to a harsh life without love and care, it is better to abort it.
Physical harm Abortion is also permissible if a fetus puts the mother in physical danger. For example, ectopic pregnancies put the mother’s life in danger of death if the fetus is not removed (Huffman 287). Ectopic pregnancy occurs when conception takes place in other places such as the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
Medical practitioners usually recommend chemical abortions to women who experience ectopic pregnancies. Research has found out that those women who experience ectopic pregnancies usually die because of health complications that develop during development of the fetus (Huffman 288). Utilitarianism denies the argument that abortion is evil. Instead, it maintains that if an outcome is pleasurable or brings greater good, then it is justified (Shaw 76).
Utilitarianism holds that the end justifies the means. According to utilitarianism, a woman may abort under any circumstance or for any reason given that the outcome of the abortion brings happiness or promotes a greater good (Huffman 291). If self-defense abortion brings happiness to a woman, then a utilitarian would consider it justified and acceptable.
Objections Opponents argue that despite the life of a mother being in danger of physical or non-physical harm, self-defense abortion is immoral, unethical, and impermissible. Even though it aims to protect the mother, it kills the unborn baby. Opponents present several arguments to validate the immoral nature of abortion.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More First, they argue that a fetus is a human being that has a right to live (McDonagh 49). Therefore, killing a fetus to alleviate a mother’s future suffering contradicts values of compassion and respect for human life. Rape and incest are not good enough reasons to allow abortion.
In addition, abortion is associated with stigmatization that makes life difficult for mothers (McDonagh 50). It exposes women to risk of developing emotional and psychological complications because of discrimination in the society. In many societies, women who abort are considered evil and outcasts. It is difficult for such women to live with guilt of killing in communities where they are discriminated and segregated.
To avoid such consequences, self-defense abortion should not be allowed because it has severe consequences on mothers. However, consequences of allowing birth of an unwanted baby are more severe. Research has shown that women who abort willingly do not develop emotional or psychological disturbances later in life. In addition, unwanted children go through a lot of suffering and hardship because their mothers abandon them later in life (McDonagh 54).
Second, they argue that abortion has severe health consequences on involved women. It causes irreparable damages to the mother. Research has revealed that abortion can affect a woman’s ability to give birth after an abortion. Examples of long-term effects of abortion include miscarriages, stillbirths, low birth-weight babies, and infertility (McDonagh 57).
On the other hand, procedures carried out during abortion expose mothers to several health complications that risk their lives and well-being. These include tearing of the cervix, fever and peritonitis, uterus perforation, thrombosis, and risk of infection during blood transfusion (McDonagh 59).
Other risks include increased possibility of tubal pregnancy and death from hemorrhage. These complications have been reported in cases where unqualified individuals conducted abortion. Abortions that are conducted by certified and experienced practitioners are safe and few cases of complications have been reported. Opponent’s arguments are not strong enough to explain why a mother should be exposed to harm by failing to conduct an abortion.
Conclusion Abortion is a contemporary moral issue that is unacceptable in many societies. Self-defense abortion takes place in cases where birth of a child puts the life of the mother at risk of either physical or non-physical danger. In addition, it is acceptable in some societies on basis that a woman has a right to chose what is best for her. The utilitarianism doctrine holds that individuals should perform acts whose consequences result in beneficial outcomes.
From that definition, self-defense abortion is allowed if it results in gratifying outcomes that avoid painful consequences. It is permissible and ethical to save a mother from physical harm such as death, and non-physical harm such as mental, emotional, or psychological disturbances. Self-defense abortion saves many women from physical, emotional, and psychological suffering. Opponents argue that abortion is unacceptable and immoral.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Is Self-Defense Abortion Permissible? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They argue that self-defense abortion is murder and a fetus has a right to life. In addition, they argue that it exposes women to health complications such as sterility and miscarriages in future pregnancies. However, they ignore the fact that consequences of allowing birth of an unwanted baby are more severe than aborting it. Therefore, self-defense abortion is acceptable and permissible.
Works Cited Boonin, David. A defense of Abortion. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Print.
Davis, Nancy. Abortion and Self-defense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 13.3 (2002): 175-207. Print.
Huffman, Tom. Abortion, Moral Responsibility, and Self-Defense. Public Affairs Quarterly 7.4 (2003): 287-302. Print.
McDonagh, Eileen. Breaking the Abortion Deadlock: From Choice to Consent. London: Oxford University press, 2004. Print.
Shaw, William. Contemporary Ethics: Taking Account of Utilitarianism. New York: John Wiley
The Great Depression: A Diary Essay essay help
The Great Depression: A Diary is James Ledbetter’s and Daniel Roth’s edited version of Benjamin Roth’s personal diary that he wrote during the financial crisis of the 1930s. Being a lawyer with a wife and three kids, Roth experienced the major financial crisis of his life. Until today, historians have not wrapped their mind on matters that relate to the depression of 1930-1940, and why the crisis took that long.
As a lawyer, Roth documented the confessions from his clients and that of his friends to his journal for 10 years. According to these confessions, it is evident that everyone in all lines of businesses was struggling to earn a living (Ledbetter and Daniel 88). With the prices of everything going down, bank savings getting frozen, tenants being unable to pay rent, and just everyone struggling to survive, it is obvious that the economists of the 1930s had messed up some things along the way.
Having taken so long to retain the economic status of Ohio, it was Roth’s conclusion that neither the government nor the economists were any good. He had stopped believing in anything the government said; all he heard were depressing concerns from his clients, friends, and people around him. All businesses were getting worse; people had given up on the government in reviving the economic condition, and some people lost everything in their quest to look for safer forms of investment.
Given that his job depended on the financial stability of others, Roth was caught up in a crisis that would only be solved by venturing into other investments. Just like many people, he had ideas on how to invest safely, but had no money to do so. Though there are various theories mentioned that explains the cause of the crisis, Roth clearly insists on concerns about the war that was approaching as the major interruption that affected the intervention of the government in reviving the economy, and the stock market (Ledbetter and Daniel 201).
The book is an episode that entails the events that uncovered during the most fascinating era of the American history. For this, the book fails to entertain the readers as all the happenings documented are depressing. However, this was not the intention of Benjamin Roth as he only wrote this in his journal as a reminder of how hard times were, but it was his son Daniel who took it upon himself to published the diary as a book.
The book covers very little on the normal lifestyle of the people in Youngstown before the crisis; all that it documents are the hardships that describe Ohio as a hopeless place to live. With the current form of leadership, there are great lessons to be learnt from these events that took place decades ago. Having struggled for years to bring prosperity back, Roth understands how government policies and politics affect the future.
Having lived through this crisis, the book offers sincere and factual causes of the great depression, the hardships, and prices people had to pay to survive. The book is recommended for everyone as it documents events that took place in the 1930s that might be handy in getting ready for such crisis. It is an eye opener to those that are facing the current financial crisis as it holds a historic value that helps in avoiding the repetition of the mistakes that were made decades ago.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Ledbetter, James, and Daniel Roth. The Great Depression: A Diary. 1st ed. 2009. New York: Perseus Books Group. Print.
A Discussion on Bureaucracy essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
In recent years, it is clear that the focus of many management scholars and managers have been to depict the concept of bureaucracy as unacceptable in modern-day environment.
Most notably, it is argued that bureaucracy is inflexible, reduces organizational efficiency, and is therefore completely unsuited to today’s rapidly shifting world (Grey 2013). The general trend, therefore, has been to replace bureaucracy with flexible organizations that are viewed as more suitable for our increasingly fast-changing business environment. The present paper purposes to assess this view, with the objective of demonstrating that bureaucracy is still relevant in modern-day environment.
One of the reasons proposed for adopting modern paradigms of management (post-bureaucracies) is that they stimulate creativity and innovation by allowing people to act on the basis of shared values than rules (Grey 2013).
While such a predisposition has borne fruits for companies such as Google and Yahoo, it cannot escape mention that lack of rigid rules in organizations was substantially to blame for financial crisis that rocked the world in 2008-2009, and also for the subsequent downfall of big corporations such as the Lehman Brothers, Enron and the Bank of Scotland.
A critical analysis demonstrates that non-hierarchical, personally focused and trust-based organizations reminiscent of post-bureaucracies played a substantial role in triggering the banking bubble that led to the financial crisis.
Another reason progressed by pundits of the post-bureaucracy paradigm is that the bureaucratic approach is dehumanizing and degrading to employees. In attempting to supplant bureaucracy, these pundits argue modern-day flexible organizations should always ensure that responsibilities are assigned on the basis of competence for tasks rather than hierarchy, and that employees should be treated fairly as individuals rather than impersonally (Grey 2013).
However, previous research done on companies such as Nippon CTV (utilizes new forms of management such as lean production, just-in-time approach etc) and ValleyCo (uses traditional practices) found substantial similarity between ‘traditional’ and ‘new’ forms of working in things such as employee treatment and participation, task assignment and hierarchy (Grey 2013). This evidence demonstrates that bureaucracy is still implemented in modern-day organizations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moving on, advocates of modern-day flexible firms argue that “post-bureaucracy does away with the turgid old nonsense about impersonality, yearly promotions and fixed salary scales in favor of individual treatment where reward is based on merit” (Grey 2013, p. 84). These are noble virtues for any organization, but implementing them boils down to the fact some rules must first be put in place to determine, for instance, how employees will be rewarded and which measure will be used.
Consequently, it is evident that bureaucracy must be present for flexible firms to be able to operate efficiently and effectively. If these so called flexible organizations fail to adopt bureaucracy to implement practices, they will certainly dysfunction as fairness, consistency and transparency will not be achieved (Grey 2013).
The last reason deals with change management. While it is evident that bureaucratic organizations have been overly accused of resisting change efforts, it should not escape mention that the so called flexible organizations equally resist change.
Indeed, there has been a misconceived perception that post-bureaucracies respond quickly to change and therefore are more efficient by virtue of being faster than bureaucracies. Another misconception is that change is a new concept and therefore modern organizations need to be flexible enough to deal with the fast-changing environment (Grey 2013).
However, the truth is that change has been there since time immemorial and organizations using the ‘old’ approaches encountered shifts in the environment in as much as modern-day organizations are encountering. To drive this point home, research demonstrates that over 70% of change efforts implemented by the so called flexible organizations result in failure (Grey 2013).
In conclusion, therefore, it can be said that bureaucracies are still relevant in modern-day environment and the solution for the increasingly fast-changing environment cannot be found in the adoption of flexible organizations. Rather, managers must adopt the technical efficiency provided by bureaucracy and then attempt to align their firms with factors both internal and external of the organization’s environment.
Reference Grey, C 2013, A very short, fairly interesting and reasonably cheap book about studying organizations, 3rd edn, Sage, London
We will write a custom Essay on A Discussion on Bureaucracy
How war is depicted in films of different generations Essay best college essay help
There is a sharp contrast in the manner in which war is portrayed when comparing old generation and new generation movies. These differences are attributed to changes in technology and the tactics employed to tackle war. The general perception of war has also contributed to this contrast, taking an example of the movies; “Top Gun” a war movie produced in 1960s and released in 1986, and “Taxi to the Dark Side” produced in 2003 and released in 2007, to illustrate these differences.
In the 1960s, war was depicted as a measure of sovereign might and power. In the “Top Gun”, Maverick, a naval aviator lieutenant, develops a reckless flying habit because he is angered by his father’s death during the Vietnam War (Top Gun 1965). He does this to prove he might and even differs from fellow military men. He also engages in combat with every person who differs with his personal opinion.
Although, Maverick is considered the finest fighter pilot in the world, he finally leaves the Navy and goes on to fight its top command. This causes a great rift between him and the Navy. Nevertheless, he is sought after later since he is the only person with the expertise to rescue a stricken communication ship. This justifies his course of war, and the indispensable powerful personality. This portrayal can be as a result of just having come from the World War II, where the most powerful nation was the one with the best military prowess (Taxi to the Dark Side 2007).
On the contrast, new generation war movies portray war as a justified action taken to protect its citizens or help fight a social vice as portrayed in “Taxi to the Dark Side”. An innocent taxi driver is tortured to death by the United States military personnel in their quest to extract valuable information about terrorists who had attacked the states. Although innocent, the military personnel take no heed to the driver’s cry of innocence. This depicts the extent to which the military is committed in rooting out terrorism.
They are determined to employ even the dirtiest tactic including assault and torture of detainees. These movies focus on the root cause of war unlike the earlier show of military supremacy, this change can be attributed to the establishment of human rights and civilian organizations which were not there in 1960s. The two generations are both against unwarranted wars between states which may expose innocent civilians to inhuman conditions and only advocate for war when there is a genuine threat to be eradicated (Top Gun).
A clear similarity between the two generations in the production of the war movies is that, in both cases, war is employed as the last resort of dispute resolution. In the earlier case, lieutenant Maverick only resorted to war when there was no amicable resolution to the disagreement between him and the Navy led by Lieutenant Tom “Iceman” Kasansky (Top Gun).
In the second case, the United States military resolves to war as the only available option to fight terrorists believed to be hiding in Afghanistan. The innocent taxi driver is tortured to death because he fails to cooperate with the military. In the two periods, war is also associated with the elite in society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The civil populations in both cases are innocently affected by the war as in the case of Charlie and the beautiful lady in Top Gun, who pass on when Maverick and Kasansky engage in battle and the innocent taxi driver who is tortured to death in The Taxi to the Dark Side (Taxi to the Dark Side).
Works Cited Taxi to the Dark Side. Dir. Alex Gibney. Perf. Alex Gibney, Brian Keith and Allen Moazzam. New York: THINKFILM, 2007. Film.
Top Gun. Dir. Tony Scott. Perf. Tom Cruise, Kelly McGillis, Val Kilmer, Antony Edwards and Tom Skerrritt. California: Paramount Pictures, 1965. Film.