Table of Contents Introduction
Understanding the Claims
Moral Qualities and Dhamma
Introduction According to the teachings of Buddha, the Dharma (Dhamma) is regarded as a cosmic law that establishes order in society. In his teachings, Buddha once said, ‘the cessation of greed, hate and delusion is the Amata-Dhamma’. The Amata-Dhamma is the state of being immortal.
By deduction, therefore, in presence of greed, hate and delusion or the love of worldly material things, there is the mortal state, or that which can die. According to Buddha, the state of immortality can only be acquired through human deeds that are in accordance with this cosmic law. This essay will strive to explain the concept of the Dharma and how the claims can be understood.
Understanding the Claims Where is the Buddha?
The Buddha is in the Dhamma.
Where is the Dhamma?
The Dhamma is in the Buddha.
Right here, now!
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Where is the Sangha?
The Sangha is in the Dhamma.
From the excerpt of the Itivuttaka, constant longings, being covetous, harboring evil at heart, living life unmeasured and lack of diligence when adopting religion are seen as the characteristics of those who see the Dhamma. By acquiring or seizing these characteristics, an individual is not in one accord with the cosmic law.
Such a person does not have the attributes of hate, evil thoughts and desires. Through seeing the Dharma, a person’s nature becomes nirvana or deathless, without memory of neither evil nor discrimination.
Moral Qualities and Dhamma The Dhamma and morality cannot be separated from one another. Buddha observed that if conscience is combined with morality, then it results in fruit of good to humanity. Wisdom combined with conscience or awareness bears well. In fact, when the mind acts under the control of wisdom and morality, it bears freedom from the corruptions of sensual nature and false views, which are characterized by a high level of ignorance.
Thus, the relationship between morality and the Dhamma, as seen from the above, is an integral part of our daily lives. He or she who abides by the moral codes with diligence, is without fear, a good person who will have eternal life. Since one of the major objectives of the Dhamma is to gain control over our senses, it becomes critical that a moral code whose practice can restrain man from absolute actions be availed.
Seeing Dhamma The Buddha once asked,
We will write a custom Essay on Dharma specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Where is the Buddha?
The Buddha is in the Dhamma.
Where is the Dhamma?
The Dhamma is in the Buddha.
Right here, now!
Where is the Sangha?
The Sangha is in the Dhamma.
Therefore, the Dhamma is everything and everywhere. All people who diligently seek with a contrite heart can see the Dhamma. This could be a notion in the mind that arises and goes away. If one cannot have his or her mind, soul and the physical into one, he or she cannot ‘see’.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Dharma by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More If one ‘sees’, he or she is able to proclaim the Dhamma in the physical and virtual forms. What is not the Dhamma is that which does not exist. It can be asserted that ‘seeing’ the Dhamma is not subject to being distant or closer to him.
Conclusion In conclusion, the Dhamma still exists in every moment and every act that we undertake. In this context, the Dhamma can take either the physical form and the mind form. The physical Dhamma can be achieved through physical means or the mind-based Dharma can be realized through the purity of our minds, which requires harboring no evil in our hearts.
The Software Engineering Debate Compare and Contrast Essay argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Summary of First Paper
Summary of Second Paper
Comparing and Contrasting the Two Papers
Software Engineering is a relatively new discipline in comparison to the traditional engineering disciplines. It is therefore not surprising that there is a debate regarding whether this new discipline is indeed an engineering discipline. This paper examines the views of two authors who hold opposing views on the status of software engineering.
Summary of First Paper In the paper titled “Software Engineering: What is the problem”, Loka asserts that software engineering is neither an engineering discipline, nor a scientific undertaking (110).
He is of the view that software development is an art similar to teaching or writing. In this sense, software development involves issuing instructions to computers just like a teachers issues instructions to students. This makes it similar to teaching and not engineering.
The second reason the author adduces to his view that software development is not an engineering activity is the lack of standardized approaches to software development. In the traditional engineering disciplines, engineers use standard processes to develop engineering solutions.
In this regard, any engineer can take over a project carried out by another engineer and deliver the same results. In software development, developers use individualized approaches and deliver results through different methods.
The article proceeds to examine several incidental issues affecting the deployment of software in organizations. The author writes that many organizations end up with software solutions that do not solve their problems because of poor problem identification by software developers.
In traditional engineering disciplines, problem identification is an integral part of the engineering design process. Engineers rarely make products that do not address specific needs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, different software developers tend to use different approaches to solve software problems because each developer has individual strengths and weaknesses. This leads to incremental solutions that give rise to a product that no single person understands. Organizations must retain many software developers to maintain the software. Organizations that find themselves in this situation end up spending more money maintenance.
Summary of Second Paper The second paper addresses the place of software engineering in relation to the traditional engineering disciplines. The paper is a self-assessment of the software engineering field. The paper relays the identity crisis that software engineers face when it comes to raising the distinction between software engineering and programming.
The paper also discusses the debate in the mid eighties regarding the identity of software engineers at the time. Software engineers often asked whether they were scientists, mathematicians, or engineers. The consensus developed at the time was that they fitted in the three categories. Software engineers use mathematical models to solve problems.
The writers felt strongly that software engineering is an engineering discipline. In their view, software engineers use disciplined approaches to solve software problems. These models are very close to the models used by traditional engineering disciplines. However, the approaches somewhat differ because of the unique aspects of software projects in comparison to conventional engineering projects.
In the second part of the article, the authors were critical of several practices among software engineers. First, the authors stated that the failure rate of software projects is very high. They stated that a third of all software development projects fail and a third do not address the main problems.
The rest of the projects are successful though they are usually above budget and out of time. The second criticism is that software engineers do not adapt fast enough to change. This leads to the release of obsolete software.
The authors recommended several changes in various aspects of software engineering. They recommended that software engineers need more training on how to work in engineering teams that handle software design separately from software development. In conclusion, the authors urged software engineers to learn more from the traditional engineering disciplines in order to deliver better results.
We will write a custom Essay on The Software Engineering Debate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Comparing and Contrasting the Two Papers The two papers have two main similarities. First, the two papers agree that software engineers do not use disciplined approaches in their work, as compared to other engineers. This affects the quality of their work and leads to higher product failure rates. Secondly, the two papers agree that the discipline of software development is still in its formative stages.
In this sense, the two papers agree that software developers need to work hard to develop their trade in order to respond to current global challenges effectively. Thirdly, the two papers were similar in their aims. The two papers were seeking to provide solutions that can help to improve software development practices.
The main difference between the two papers is their conceptual framework. The first paper starts with a fixed position that software development is not an engineering discipline. The second paper recognizes the identity crisis related to software engineering, but looks at it as a new engineering discipline.
The second difference is that the first paper treats software development as a one-stage process, and assumes that a software developer should solve all the problems associated with software development.
The second paper looks at software development as a multistage process that requires the expertise of different professionals. In this sense, the second paper presented a more detailed inspection of the shortcomings of current software engineering practices.
Personal Opinion The discussions presented in the papers reviewed were very stimulating. The second paper was more persuasive in regards to the status of software engineering. The job of a software engineer is an engineering job. The only difference between the work done by software engineers and the work done by traditional engineers is the areas of focus and tools. The four main reasons for this are as follows
First, all software development projects arise from clear needs in the market, or from perceived needs arising from research. This is very important because all engineering projects arise from a stated need in a given market. Secondly, software developers use structured methods to solve software problems.
In this sense, software developers are similar to engineers. The degree of usage of these structured methods is what varies. Software developers tend to use various methods to address the problems at hand. In this sense, software developers may seem like artists. This situation arises because software developers can use different methods to arrive at a given solution.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Software Engineering Debate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Thirdly, software developers deploy systems that interact with other systems in a similar manner to the work of other engineers. Software has interfaces that allow humans to control it. This is very similar to all other engineering products. Just as a car has a start button, software requires a trigger to launch it.
When a driver presses the accelerator, the car moves forwards because the car has systems that convert the depression of the accelerator into forward motion. In the same way, a user can click on a button on the software interface to get certain results. This shows that software packages are functional systems that interact with the environment. This makes software engineering products.
Works Cited Denning, Peter J and Richard D Riehle. “The Profession of IT: Is Software Engineering Engineering?” Communications of the ACM (2009): 24-26. Print.
Loka, Raghavendra Rao. “Software Development: What is the Problem?” The Profession (2007): 110-112. Print.
Blogging about Fashion Analytical Essay essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Social Influence and Blogging about Fashion
Frequency and timely updates
Effects of Blogs on the Consumer Buying Behaviours
Introduction The emergence and extensive rise of digital technologies has widely enabled organisations and their consumers to interact and connect with one another through the internet platform. According to Deuze (2006, p. 68), utilisation of such has encouraged consumers to share their opinions, feelings and judgements of the products and services offered to their esteemed associations through the online platform with no much efforts.
This has led to emergence of several online cultures as mediums for communication. In the use of online cultures, Yang (2003, p. 50) indicates that blogging is among the oldest and most traditional form, which started to emerge in the late twentieth century. Many authors have varied definitions of blogs due to its complexity.
Technically, as Deuze (2006, p. 69) notes, blogs refer to websites that comprise of discrete entries, posts, or websites with contents written by a blogger. The contents are arranged in a reverse sequential order organised into categories. In the same way as noted, the advancement in technology has impelled a drastic shift in blog usage and concept development (Wright 2005, p. 7).
In general, online culture can be categorised into several contents that include an individual’s personal views and news, advertising, and customer services, internal information sharing, insight in professional issues, knowledge management application, and civil engagement function.
As cited in Rocamoran (2011, p. 409), just like other blogging, fashion blogging has exponentially grown across the globe (Denegri-Knott and Molesworth 2013, p. 57). Moreover, numerous researches assert that the fashion industry has many well-known and famous bloggers as compared to other industries such as politics, food, tourism and travel industries.
Fashion bloggers, as empirical research indicates, can influence the industry either directly or indirectly. Furthermore, as Kuhn (2007, p. 20) indicates, bloggers, apart from using their likes and dislikes to influence the way certain brands or products are presented, they can launch new trends in their respective industries and publicly discuss issues that companies are afraid to discuss in public.
Social Influence and Blogging about Fashion Among the most popular use of online culture is the capability to socialise and form social links with other online users. This is possible regardless of the geographical locations and temporal margins (Rothaermel
Organizational DNA Analysis Evaluation Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Evidence of Band Element Present from the Focus Case
Organizational Challenges and Opportunities in this Band Area
Leverage of Opportunities to Meet Organizational Aims
Introduction Threadless is a company that deals with the manufacture of T-shirts worn by all individuals in the society. Since its inception in the year 2000, the company has witnessed tremendous growth that has led to its expansion from a small apartment of about 900 square feet to an area that covers extensive parts of North America. The growth attracted firms and persuaded them to request for collaborations and partnerships.
To elucidate the growth of Threadless, it is imperative to analyze it using organizational DNA. Organizational DNA has four bases that include information, decision rights, structure, and motivators, which are useful in the growth of a company.
Therefore, the essay analyzes Threadless from the perspective of motivators, a component of the organizational DNA band, using the evidence, challenges, opportunities, as well as leverage of the opportunities.
Evidence of Band Element Present from the Focus Case The unique strategy that Threadless presents to its target consumers is a brilliant strategy that facilitates consumer involvement in the design and manufacture of its products. Since the organization uses a social networking platform that is easily accessible to all members of the society from all demographics, it is able to be at par with what consumers expect in the market.
According to Parsons and Maclaran, an understanding of clients’ expectations is very crucial for the growth and progress of an organization (22). As opposed to other organizations that employ extensive market surveys, researches, and promotions to identify consumer expectations in the market, the organization employs a strategy that incorporates marketing and presentation of customer needs through a social platform.
Thus, it is evident from the case of Threadless that it does not only emphasize on achievement of customer expectations, but it also strives to keep abreast with consumer trends and dynamics in the clothing industry.
Through the social networking platform, which the organization uses, several clients are able to present their proposed designs and have them converted into finished products. The act of involving consumers in decision-making process and using their proposals to manufacture finished T-shirts makes the organization build trust among its target consumers.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The social networking creates an avenue of sharing ideas and art works; hence, provides an environment where consumers and employees listen to one another while exchanging their ideas concerning improvement of product quality. When employees and clients interact and exchange their ideas, the organization acquires the ability to deliver products of good quality, and hence, derive satisfaction from the achievement.
Moreover, satisfaction expressed by consumers after receiving products of their perceived quality compounds the level of satisfaction that employees of Threadless hold.
Motivation occasions from the achievement of organizational goals and acquisition of a corresponding appreciation from the subject organization (Podmoroff 16). It is imperative to understand that employee and consumer satisfaction is a key ingredient that catalyzes employee motivation and commitment, and thus sustain delivery of products required by potential clients.
Organizational Challenges and Opportunities in this Band Area Some of the challenges associated with the Threadless relates to the limited capacity of its staff to make decisions that can propel it to a higher level. Moreover, due to the spontaneous growth of the organization that took a snowball design, it experienced a challenge in supplying its products to the target consumers.
From the case, it is clear that the organization has inadequate financial ability to meet the spiraling demand for its products, which was about 30 million in the year 2008 (Daft 427). When it commenced its activities in the year 2000, the Threadless expected to witness a gradual growth and steady revenue base.
Conversely, soon after its introduction, the strategy occasioned a spontaneous growth that spiraled out of its control. Merger with other organizations that are bigger than the organization can be a practical strategy in the quest to amplify the market share and supply of products that the organization manufactures and supplies in the market.
The main opportunity that the organization enjoys is its ability to engage its employees and potential customers through a social networking platform. From the platform, employees identify consumer needs, preferences, and expectations, whereas clients get the chance to relay their suggestions. As a result, the organization reduces the costs associated with promotion and marketing.
We will write a custom Essay on Organizational DNA Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Interaction between employees and potential consumers is a rare opportunity and a very practical platform that does not only lead to manufacture of products that match client expectations, but also initiate employee motivation. Remarkably, the platform facilities an environment where the organization easily accesses feedback from customers and use it in bridging any present knowledge gaps related to product quality.
According to McMeekin, some factors dictate consumers to purchase products in line with their preferences (12). Therefore, development of a platform where consumers interact with employees enables the organization to understand and cope with the ever-changing consumer needs.
Leverage of Opportunities to Meet Organizational Aims The act of social networking that employees and potential consumers in the organization practice is among the measures that the organization can utilize in the resolution of its challenges. Since social networking results in quick and efficient conveyance of feedback concerning product quality, organizations can identify the needs of clients and quickly bridge the gaps that affect product quality (Zarrella 3).
Furthermore, the culture of hard work, transparency, good relationship, and communication that the organization nurtures among its employees facilitates resolution of its challenges in terms of production, supply, and delivery of its products.
The culture also promotes productivity and enhances employee motivation and commitment. The ability to interact and exchange ideas with its potential consumers is a very vital opportunity that helps the organization to control and manage its challenges.
Works Cited Daft, Richard. Organization Theory and Design. New York: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
McMeekin, Andrew. Innovation by Demand: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Demand and Its Role in Innovation. Manchester : Manchester University Press, 2002. Print.
Parsons, Elizabeth, and Pauline Maclaran. Contemporary Issues in Marketing and Consumer Behaviour. New York: Routledge, 2009. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Organizational DNA Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Podmoroff, Dianna. 365 Ways to Motivate and Reward Your Employees Every Day- with Little Or No Money. Atlantic: Atlantic Publishing Company, 2005. Print.
Zarrella, Dan. The Social Media Marketing Book. London: O’Reilly Media, Inc, 2009. Print.
Polar Sports Company Case Study best essay help: best essay help
Introduction Polar Sports is one of the successful companies in the United States. In 1992, Richard Weir formed this company because he was motivated to make superior skiwear products. Since 1992, Polar Sports has been growing steadily. Today, it is one of the leading manufacturers of high-end sportswear in the US. This company experienced rapid growth in the late 1990s because it had good marketing and advertisement strategies.
For example, it sponsored a number of play-offs. Moreover, it endorsed some gifted athletes who excelled in international competitions. Thus, its products gained high reputation in the market. Hence, it sold many goods in the past few decades. Nonetheless, the prosperity of this company dropped slightly between 2008 and 2009 due to economic decline in the US.
In 2001, Thomas Johnson was appointed vice president of this company. Unlike other companies, Polar Sports has been producing most of its products seasonally. Currently, it is experiencing production and marketing challenges. Therefore, this essay examines the production and marketing trends of Polar Sports. It also recommends measures that can be used to overcome these challenges.
Situational Assessment of Polar Sport Market Position Polar Sport mainly targets high-end consumers. Thus, it produces unique products that attract high-end consumers. Polar Sport has been able to compete favorably in the market because it is producing high quality products. Nonetheless, some of its products are quite expensive due to high cost of production. Therefore, high prices affect marketability of its products.
Moreover, demand for its products has not been constant per annum. Hence, it has been producing most of its products when they are highly demanded. Thus, it can make huge losses if sports events reduce. Moreover, it faces serious competition from its rivals. Thus, it has to monitor market trends regularly to enable it increase its sales volume.
Market, Operational, and Financial Analysis Quantity of Sales under Seasonal Production
Through seasonal production of goods, the amount of sales grew tremendously from $4.65 million in 2001 to about $ 16.36 million in late 2011. Due to production of high quality products, the sales volume of this company was expected to reach $18 million by 2012. Nonetheless, the success of the new items was dependent on the market forces. Thus, seasonal manufacturing of goods led to significant increase in sales.
Operation Costs under Seasonal Production
Production activities were labor intensive under seasonal manufacturing of goods because designers had to develop new products regularly to make the company competitive in the market. Polar Sport strived to deliver orders on time. Hence, it had to increase its workforce. In this case, new workers were trained and existing ones were requested to work overtime.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Seasonal production led to over working of machines. This often led to frequent breakdown of machines, which led to high maintenance costs. In 2012, the cost of operation was expected to be approximately 24 percent of sales. Therefore, seasonal production activities had many challenges, which led to high operation expenses.
Volume of Sales under Level Production Model
Polar Sports decided to adopt level production because seasonal manufacturing of goods led to a high cost of production. In 2012, the vice president of Polar Sports anticipated a high demand for new products. He also thought that the company would save approximately $480,000 by reducing overtime payments and repair costs.
Moreover, the company would save about $600,000 through minimizing the cost of hiring and training new employees. The price of commodities sold was presumed to be 60 percent and would remain constant if the company adopted level production. Level production was expected to increase sales because goods would be produced regularly.
Operation Costs under Seasonal Production
Level production had some challenges. Intensive production of goods led to high maintenance costs. High rate of manufacturing distinct designs of sportswear led to regular modification of machines. This led to regular repair of machines. Furthermore, level production required hiring and training of new employees.
It is important to note that the challenges of level production occurred due to poor implementation strategies. For example, the company did not purchase appropriate machines for large-scale production of goods. Instead, it used small machines that could only produce limited amounts of products. Thus, over utilization of small machines led to inefficiency in production of goods.
Therefore, this company should develop proper strategies to facilitate implementation of level production. Indeed, level production has a great potential to reduce operation costs if it is properly implemented. For instance, level production can facilitate quick production of highly demanded goods.
Analysis of the Current Financial Situation of the Company
Through seasonal production of goods, Polar Sport had a net income of $897,000 in 2011. Financial analysts expected the net income to reach approximately $1,147,000 in 2012. At the end of the 2011 financial year, Polar Sport had not repaid loans worth $826,000. The local bank that financed it was willing to give it a maximum credit of $ 4 million in 2012. Polar Sport repaid its loans at an interest rate of 11 percent.
We will write a custom Case Study on Polar Sports Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The current financial situation of Polar Sport is not good because it has to repay a huge loan within the stipulated time. Moreover, it is repaying the loan at a high interest rate. High interest rates affect profit margins; hence, leading to losses.
Moreover, the financial situation of this company may not improve in the near future because it is planning to restructure its production activities. Restructuring of production will lead to high expenses. Thus, it must look for more funds to implement a new model of production.
Market Influences to be considered in Restructuring Production
The managers of this company should consider the following factors when restructuring production. First, they should be able to predict future demand for various goods to avoid producing irrelevant items. Second, they should assess the potential impacts of the new model of production on the capital needs of the company.
Third, they should predict how a given model of production would affect financial income and expenditure. For example, they should adopt a cost effective model of production that will mitigate operation expenses. Last, managers of this company should monitor new products introduced by its rivals to avoid duplicating goods.
Solutions to Current Production Challenges
At present, Polar Sport Company needs to increase its sales volume in order to make more profits. In this case, it should produce goods that are demanded throughout the year regularly. Conversely, it should produce products that have a low demand seasonally.
Polar Sport should adopt level manufacturing of products because of the following reasons. First, level manufacturing will increase production and sales. Therefore, it will be able to make profits throughout the year.
Second, level production will reduce the cost of production in future since goods will be produced a head of demand. Thus, it will be able to mitigate unnecessary production costs such as overtime allowances. Level production will facilitate production of superior products since designers will not hurry to complete urgent orders.
The following production issues should be taken into consideration when adopting level manufacturing of goods. First, this company should invest in better technology that will lead to efficiency in production. For instance, it should acquire sophisticated production equipment that will reduce wastage of materials.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Polar Sports Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This will lead to a significant reduction of operating costs. Indeed, large-scale production is cheaper than small-scale production of goods. Second, it should produce most of its products in countries such as China and India because they have cheap labor.
Proper implementation of level production model will require additional financial resources. Thus, it will have to seek more capital to buy better machines. It will also need more resources to hire and train additional workers. Furthermore, level production will require quality control measures.
Currently, Polar Sport does not have adequate income to facilitate implementation of level production. Thus, it should seek funds from financial institutions to acquire modern production equipment and to hire more workers. Alternatively, it can buy new machines on credit and pay manufacturers within a given period. It can also acquire machines through lease agreements.
Conclusion Polar Sport Company can make more profits if it adopts proper production and marketing strategies. Therefore, it should adopt level production because it will lead to increase in sales.
The Future and Strategies of Apple’s Brand Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents The Future of Apple’s Brand
Strategies that Apple can Use to Prevent Going Down
Apple Incorporation’s Future
The Future of Apple’s Brand Apple Incorporation is a leading producer and marketer of innovative products. The company’s brand is acceptable in every part of the world. Apple succeeded because of Steve Jobs’ leadership skills. Many economists have examined why the company’s brand might be in jeopardy. The success of Apple’s brand depends on the strategies employed by its leaders and managers.
Phil Schiller is a professional leader at the company. Schiller safeguards the company’s brand reputation (Burrows
OBE Workplace Diversity Report custom essay help
A summary of the paper shows that the debate focuses on the impact of implementing a diversity training program to fight workplace discrimination.
Organisations implement diversity training programs as an afterthought when they have lost cases of employee discrimination. The paper discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and the practical implications of the diversity training program using different and practical examples.
The advantages of workplace diversity programs include the ability to transform individuals to enrich their knowledge, respond to social needs, improve intra-group and interpersonal relationships, address personal prejudice, avoid impulse management, practice personal accountability, improve problem solving abilities, become a better workforce, plan well, and attain greater levels of complexity for the organisation to achieve competitive advantage in its operations (Colquitt, Conlon, Wesson, Porter
World War II Innovations Essay essay help: essay help
Introduction The period following the end of World War II was characterized with a great deal of technological development, probably as a consequence of the victories achieved by the Allied forces. The aftermath of World War II set in motion a wave of innovations that proved to be greatly beneficial in improving the living standards of the global population.
Such advancements in technology were a direct consequence of the experiences gained during the several years of the War. An urgent need was felt to innovate in order to have more technologically advanced weaponry that would allow having the much required edge in winning the war. The potential for technological development had been thus created during the Second World War itself.
After it ended in 1945, the available resources and technology could be gainfully used in the development of consumer goods that led to improved standards of living on a global basis. The technological innovations in this regard were made in several fields such as Linguistics, Medicine, Weaponry, Intelligence and Communication in addition to the technological progress made in manufacturing and service industries (Castells 45).
The rapid advancement in technology during World War II was primarily inspired by the propensity to research and devise military strategies that would allow penetration and sabotage of enemy forces and supply lines respectively.
In addition, innovation in technology was also inspired by the enhanced ability of the military to use technology in gathering intelligence, which was gainfully used in obtaining the much needed information about military capabilities and movement of enemy forces.
After the World War II ended, the technology developed till that time could be further innovated in creating a virtual technological revolution that transformed the lives of humanity in the coming decades (Gray 36). World War II heralded noteworthy technological innovations in the areas of nuclear technology and information technology that revolutionized ways of living in the 21st century.
Nuclear Technology Invention of Nuclear Reactor
The invention of the atomic bomb by the United States and its allies eclipses any other innovation made during World War II. Named as the Manhattan Project during World War II, the nuclear program of the Allies led to catastrophic consequences for the Axis forces, particularly in the context of the bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which led to the death of millions of people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Although the initial objective of the Manhattan Project was to use nuclear technology in establishing reactors for the generation of electricity under the auspicious leadership of Italian physicist Enrico Ferni, the need to annihilate German, Italian and Japanese forces during World War II made the Allied leadership to focus on developing the first atomic bomb.
It was under the leadership of Enrico Fermi, who is recognized as the father of the atomic bomb because of his exhaustive research and positive outcomes in developing nuclear power, that the US made use his technology in establishing several nuclear power plants across the entire country (Russell 93).
Further innovations in nuclear technology were made by Enrico Fermi after the end of World War II, leading to major breakthroughs in reducing dependence on electricity generated through coal fuel and hydro power. This was made possible because of the innovation that led to the availability of cheaper, environmentally friendly and reliable nuclear generated electric power.
Innovation of Radiology Medicine
Besides its significant role in leading the green revolution through generation of environmentally clean energy, innovation in nuclear technology during World War II allowed wider application in medicine, especially in radiology therapy and imaging.
The use of nuclear technology in medicine can be traced back to the campaign initiated by the Polish Physics and Chemistry Nobel Prize laureate Marie Curie just before the beginning of World War II. Marie Curie embarked on a campaign to collect radium for use in radiology medicine.
She is credited with the establishment of globally recognized research institutes of radiology medicine, including the Curie Institutes in Paris and Warsaw. Nuclear medicine finds wide application in radiology treatment of different cancerous malignancies with the use of techniques such as neoplasm and radiology imaging.
Radar Technology The innovations in radar technology during World War II helped in making improvements in the aviation industry and its associate role of uplifting the living standards of the global population. Such innovations also helped in enhancing national security from the perspective of external and internal aggression. Radar technology involves the use of radio waves in the detection of far-off objects.
We will write a custom Essay on World War II Innovations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Such objects may include ships, aircrafts, submarines and a wide-range of missiles and rocket weaponry. Innovation of radar technology during World War II led to improvement in bombsights and radar capabilities, which were inspired by their increased use in World War II. Radar technology is even regarded as the defining innovation that tilted the balance in favor of the allied forces during World War II.
Later, it also heralded the revolution in both military and civil aviation in the contemporary world. Radar technology was invented immediately after World War II began, but significant improvements in the technology were made during the war through research and development, mainly for military purposes.
This new technology allowed the use of applications with which approaching enemy aircraft and ships could be detected.
Vaccines Collaborative arrangements were made between the military and academia in efforts to prevent war-exacerbated diseases, particularly pneumococcal pneumonia and influenza and such initiatives led to the innovation of disease prevention vaccines.
Wartime research programs on preventable disease are recognized for having led to the improvement and innovation of 10 new vaccines for treatment of a series of virulent preventable diseases (Godin 121). Besides, wartime research in health and medicine science and technology led to innovations relative to substitute blood samples such as plasma, antibiotics such as penicillin and insecticides such as DDT.
Nevertheless, the innovation of vaccines stands out as the most important achievement in the area of medical and health technology during World War II. Such vaccines involved development of highly effective, safe and licensed antibiotics and microbial preventative therapy for immunization against several diseases, which did not exist before the War began.
Electrolysis Chemistry, Digital Technology
Climate Change Problem Response Essay a level english language essay help
It is surprising to note the current trend the world is taking towards responding to the global climate change. Large corporations are increasingly realizing that global warming is real and affects every person, society, institution and nation. The author of the statement makes it clear that the recent reports in some of the world’s popular newspapers are really surprising.
According to the author, a number of large corporations in the modern world are realizing that they cannot make profits without proper and effective measures to deal with the problem. Moreover, the author notes that the current efforts by some of the large companies in the world to help in reducing the impact of global warming have a negative impact on shareholders.
The resources needed to reduce global climatic change are no doubt huge and not the task of a single corporation, but a combined effort by all societies, institutions and corporations alike (Gelbspan 34).
Nevertheless, it is surprising to note that some large corporations are using global warming (climate change) as an opportunity to make profits, attempting to utilize the idea of providing products and services that seek to manage the symptoms of the problem but benefiting from the deeply rooted causes of the situation.
Thus, it is clear that the author has based the argument on three important observations – corporate realization that climatic change is real, the economic impact of using corporate resources to manage global warming and the corporate utilization of opportunities posed by global warming to make profits.
This response takes into account the three observations to develop a comprehensive analysis of the problems. In addition, it takes into account evidence from modern reports on corporate behavior, which have appeared in newspapers, such as New York Times, to reflect on the situation.
First, it is worth noting that the author is concerned with corporate response to the climatic change, than to the phenomenon itself. Citing several newspaper and corporate reports in the recent past, the author notes that the current response to the problem has changed significantly (Ives A17).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Citing the example of Coca Cola corporation, the author argues that a number of corporations have come to the realization that global warming is not a theoretical notion, but a real phenomenon that affects their profitability (Davenport A23). For instance, Coca Cola lost a profitable operating license in India because of a serious shortage of water.
It is clear that the company was taking little, if any, efforts to conserve water resources in the region. The author seems to argue that the company was not aware or ignored the fact that it was set to lose if little or no efforts are made to conserve water resources as a part of protecting the environment.
In a broader sense, the company is an example of many corporations that tend to ignore the issue of global warming, assuming that it is a theoretical notion or a problem that cannot have a significant impact on their business.
Thus, the author uses the Coca Cola experience as an example to portray the fact that corporations will be the biggest losers if global warming and other aspects of climatic change are ignored. In addition, the author argues that global corporations are the major causes of the problem, yet they do not know that they are also the biggest losers if they do not make efforts to cope with the problem.
Citing the examples given in the New York Times, the author further moves to a relatively new argument, claming that the current and future efforts by corporations to take an active role in fighting global warming are not only difficult, they also affect the corporate practice. For instance, the author argues that the cost of dealing with the problem is high, making corporations reduce the value of their shareholder’ equity.
From an in-depth view, it is worth noting that the author wanted to show that the corporate worth of causing global warming is not significant, but the impact on corporate business is unbearable. In other words, the author wanted to say that companies have always ignored the idea of taking an active role in reducing the problem of global warming.
In fact, it has been shown that multinational companies are the biggest perpetrators of global warming, yet they are not aware that they are the largest users of the natural resources.
We will write a custom Essay on Climate Change Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More From this view, the author points out that that the biggest users of the natural resources are the largest cause of the global warming problem and eventually the biggest losers. It is clear that the author’s point of view on the matter is that the corporate world should take the leading role in dealing with the problem of global.
The third major issue discussed in the commentary concerns the corporate use of the opportunities that global warming has presented to make profits. The author seems to be concerned with a number of organizations that are increasingly pretending to manage the impacts of climate change, yet they are out to make money.
For instance, the author gives the examples of Bayer and Nephila Capital, which have started making plans to use the impacts of global warming to make profits. For example, Bayer has announced that it was developing various products to help the world population deal with the impacts of global warming.
It has set up plans to develop such products as eye and nose ointments, that will help people alleviate allergies that are likely to result from the changing in tree and plant cycles, and quality mosquito nets to help population deal with malaria when mosquitoes start moving to areas that are increasingly becoming warmer, thanks to global warming.
On its part, Nephila Capital is trying to trade water resources, pretending to be protecting sources, yet it is out to make huge profits. These cases provide clear examples that some corporations are aware that climate change is real, yet they want to help in treating the symptoms of the problem but retain the cause, which will most likely lead to profitability.
A deep analysis of the statement reveals that the corporate world has already realized that global warming is not a scientific hypothesis but a real phenomenon. While some have decided to take a leading role in dealing with the problem, others are busy setting up plans to take the advantage of the problem to make more profits (Revkin A7).
In addition, some organizations realized that they cannot take a leading role in managing the problem, because their profitability and net value is likely to reduce. Thus, the statement provides the readers with the dilemma associated with the corporate realization that global warming is real and effective. The author seems to raise the question “with the realization that global warming is real, what should the corporate world do?”
Works Cited Davenport, Carol. “Industry awakens to the threat of climate change.” The New York Times, 23 Jan 2014, A23. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Climate Change Problem by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gelbspan, Ross. Boiling Point: How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists and Activists Are Fueling the Climate Crisis—And What We Can Do to Avert Disaster. New York, Basic Books, 2013. Print.
Ives, Mike. “Slowly, Asia’s Factories Begin to Turn Green.” The New York Times, 7 Jan 2014, A17. Print.
Revkin, Andrew. “Industry Ignored Its Scientists on Climate.” New York Times, 23 April 2009, B7. Print.