Description Of Zappos Research Paper College Admissions Essay Help

Table of Contents Abstract


Corporate Culture of Zappos

Criteria Used in Ascertaining Zappos’ Corporate Culture

Factors that Caused Zappos to Embody their Corporate Culture

Suitable Leadership for Zappos

Adaptation of Zappos’ Corporate Culture to Decline in Demand


Abstract This study analyzes Zappos, which is a company in the online retailing industry. The corporate culture at Zappos is distinct from other organizations’ corporate culture. This study will focus on Zappos’ corporate culture, the reasons why this culture is implemented at Zappos, the effect Zappos’ corporate culture has on customer satisfaction levels and the best type of leadership for the organization. Furthermore, it will focus on the most appropriate steps which should be taken in situations when there is a decline in demand due to cultural aspects.

Introduction Zappos is an online retailing company which was founded by Nick Swinmurn. He quit his job and decided to launch an investment by creating a shoe website (Kurtz


Project Management: Project Life Cycle Report college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

Definition Phase

Planning Phase

Execution Phase

Delivering Phase


Introduction Projects are temporary endeavours. They are constrained by time, scope, and monetary resources. Projects must fulfil specific goals and objectives as explained in various phases that constitute the project life cycle. A project life cycle begins with scope definition followed by planning, execution, and finally delivering (Cadle


Carrefour UAE Marketing Strategy Report (Assessment) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

History and Background

Market Segments and Target Market

Product Mix and Pricing Strategy

Distribution and Promotional Strategies


Works Cited

Introduction The purpose of this report is to analyze the marketing strategy of Carrefour UAE. The analysis will begin with a brief overview of the company’s history and background. This will be followed by an analysis of the market segments and the target markets that are served by the company. The company’s product mix and pricing strategies will also be analyzed. The report will end with the analysis of the distribution and promotional strategies adopted by the company.

History and Background Carrefour is a leading retailer that was founded in France over 40 years ago (Carrefour UAE). In the last three decades, it has achieved rapid growth by joining several overseas markets such as the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The company joined the UAE in 1995 where it currently operates under a franchise agreement with the Majid Al-Futtaim Group (Carrefour UAE). The company’s mission is to offer a wide range of low-priced, high quality products, which include food, personal care, and household goods. In order to achieve this mission, the company operates over 20 outlets in the UAE. Carrefour is considered to be the most dynamic and fastest growing retailer in the UAE. The company’s success is mainly attributed to its ability to offer excellent customer service and to align its products to market needs.

Market Segments and Target Market A market segment refers to a distinct group of consumers who share homogeneous characteristics and needs. Generally, Carrefour serves three market segments in the retail industry. These include grocery, personal care products, and household goods market. The grocery market caters for customers who are interested in a variety of foodstuffs such as vegetables, meat, and soft drinks (Carrefour UAE). The personal care market caters for customers who are interested in cosmetics, toiletries, and other beauty products. The household goods market serves customers who are interested in various home appliances.

Carrefour identifies its target customers in the three segments based on geographic, behavioral, and psychological variables. In geographic segmentation, the company focuses on serving the urban population in the UAE (Carrefour UAE). In this case, its target market includes the residents of major cities such as Dubai. In behavioral segmentation, the company focuses on serving customers who are interested in high quality foodstuffs and consumer products. In psychographic segmentation, the company considers consumers’ interests, values, and lifestyles to identify its target market. In this regard, the company targets customers who are interested in shopping in a one-stop store that offers a variety of products.

Product Mix and Pricing Strategy Carrefour’s product mix includes a variety of goods, which include “groceries, manufactured foods, soft drinks, apparel, kitchenware, bakery products, restaurant food, plastic goods, home appliances, and garden equipment” (Carrefour UAE). A diverse product mix enables companies to serve customers with varied tastes and preferences. Thus, Carrefour’s product strategy focuses on differentiation in order to meet the needs of the UAE population that consists of Arabs and expatriates from different cultures. Specifically, the company offers products that are developed according to western cultures and values to cater for the American and European expatriates in the UAE.

The company has also adapted its products to the Islamic culture in order to meet the needs of the Arab population in the UAE. For instance, the Islamic culture prohibits consumption of pork. Thus, the company’s grocery section sells halal-certified food products (foodstuffs that do not contain pork) in order to serve the Arab population (Carrefour UAE). The company also changes its product mix according to the seasons and religious holidays in the UAE. For instance, during festivals such as Eid and Ramadan, the company stocks several gift products that reflect the Arab culture in order to take advantage of the increased spending among Arabs.

Carrefour uses the penetration pricing strategy to gain market share in the UAE. This strategy involves selling products at low prices in order to increase sales by attracting more customers. Carrefour has positioned itself as a discounter that enables customers to save their money. The rationale of adopting the penetration pricing strategy is that the retail industry in the UAE is very competitive and customers are price sensitive. Thus, offering low prices enables the company to overcome competition. Although the company offers low prices, its brand image has not been diluted due to its strong brand name.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Distribution and Promotional Strategies Carrefour uses three main distribution channels to reach its customers in the UAE. These include hypermarkets, supermarkets, and discount stores (Carrefour UAE). These channels are mainly used to sell consumer goods and groceries. The company also uses convenience stores, foodservice stores, and virtual stores to distribute its products. The convenience and foodservice stores are mainly used to distribute food products. The company’s virtual store is an e-commerce platform that enables customers to shop online through the company’s website rather than visiting the physical stores (Carrefour UAE).

The virtual store improves shopping experience by enabling customers to make their purchases at their convenience. Using several distribution channels has two advantages. First, it enables the company to serve particular market segments. For instance, foodservice stores cater exclusively for customers who are interested in purchasing food products. Second, the distribution channels improve the company’s brand visibility by enabling it to serve as many customers as possible. Since the purchasing culture in the UAE promotes shopping within malls, the company has established most of its stores in large malls in order to increase its sales.

The company’s promotional strategy involves using adverts to create awareness about its products. The adverts are placed in print and electronic media, as well as, the company’s stores and website. Given the cultural diversity in the UAE, adverts can only be effective if they are adapted to the needs of the local market. Thus, Carrefour has adapted its adverts in the UAE by writing them in both English and Arabic to overcome language barriers (Carrefour UAE). As a low price retailer, Carrefour uses discounts as a promotional strategy to attract customers. For instance, holders of the company’s Najm card enjoy up to 4% discounts whenever they purchase items at any of the company’s outlets.

Conclusion Carrefour is one of the most successful retailers in the UAE. The company owes its success to its pricing strategy that focuses on expanding its market share by offering low prices. The company offers a variety of products in order to satisfy the diverse tastes and preferences of the customers in the UAE. This strategy is supported by the company’s ability to use several distribution channels to reach its customers.

Works Cited Burrow, James. Marketing. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print.

Cant, Michael, James Strydom and Charles Jooste. Marketing Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2009. Print.

Carrefour UAE. About Carrefour. Majid Al-Futtaim-Carrefour, 31 Dec. 2013. Web.

We will write a custom Assessment on Carrefour UAE Marketing Strategy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More El-Adly, Mohammed. “Shopping Malls Attractiveness: A Segmentation Approach.” International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management 35.11 (2007): 936-950. Print.

Jayachandran, Sai. Marketing Management. New Delhi: Excel Books, 2004. Print.


3D Printing in UK Report college essay help near me

This study focused on the introduction and aspects of 3D printing in the United Kingdom. The marketing strategies that needed to be implemented in the field of 3D printing were analyzed, and in addition the study focused on the various macro environments affecting the 3D industry. Moreover, this research related the background of Makism 3D Corporation and the future of the 3D industry in the United Kingdom.

The introduction of the 3D printing industry revamped the printing industry in the United Kingdom. The printing needs of government institutions, multinational corporations, institutions of higher learning, public and private companies and private citizens vary, and thus 3D printing presents a viable solution to all stakeholders as it is spectacular and pragmatic in the current scenario in the United Kingdom. Makism 3D Corporation is a company that deals with manufacturing 3D printers and it is located in Cambridge.

The company exhibited high levels of innovation and competence through the introduction of new technology in the printing field. Makism 3D Corporation manufactures various types of 3D printers which include the Wideboy 3D printer models; A4/150, A4/200, A4/250. All these printers vary in terms of the printing volume, extruders, resolution of the layer, the filament size and power supply requirements.

Makism 3D Corporation was incorporated in the year 2010 and the retirement planning group is its main shareholder. The company’s market capital price is about $64 million with the number of outstanding shares being about seventy million. The Wideboy family of printers constitutes the main products available at the company.

The company is currently operating in the United Kingdom, but there are plans to diversify their products and launch new investments in other European countries. The key stakeholders in the information technology industry have been enthusiastic about the 3D printing technology with Microsoft creating an app for 3D printing in the windows 8.1 version, while Hewlett Packard also expressed a lot of interest in implementing the technology. At the moment the Wideboy series of printers still provides the best printing solutions and the expansion of Makism 3D Corporation in the rest of Europe and the rest of the world will definitely be successful.

The sales volume of 3D printers in the United Kingdom was enormous and currently Makism’s 3D printers dominate the UK market and in the year 2012 the expenditure on 3D printing summed up to $288 million and a large portion of the market share was acquired by the company. In 2013 the expenditure on 3D printing increased by about 43 percent to $412 million. The sales forecasts ascertain that in future the expenditure on obtaining 3D printing devices will rise drastically.

Makism 3D Corporation is likely to enjoy a large portion of this market share since the UK market is eager to purchase the Wideboy series of printers which will be availed by the company. The target market in the United Kingdom is comprised of professional companies, higher learning institutions and the UK citizens, and the sales figures associated with 3D printers are high as the technology is applicable in a wide range of situations.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The profitability levels at Makism 3D Corporation have generally been high since large companies in the UK and internationally have implemented the 3D printing technology. For example, NASA implemented the printing technology in its rockets while institutions have also utilized the technology in a very massive way. The introduction of the technology in windows 8.1 also increased the use of the technology in universities and other public institutions. There is an extensive use of the technology in several sectors in the United Kingdom this is an assurance that the profit levels of the company will always be high.

The main objective of the company is to implement diversification of its 3D printers. Secondly, Makism 3D Corporation plans to launch investments in the rest of Europe and the world. The company aims to increase its capital market price share in the current accounting period. In addition, the company aims to implement a more interactive interface on their website by availing links to various documentations and reports. Makism 3D Corporation aims to boost the sales figures by implementing these changes on their website.

Analyzing the macro environmental factors in the UK, the government has not exhibited any intention of restricting the 3D printing industry considering the social aspect of the industry is of benefit to the UK citizens as it has provided a viable printing solution to the whole UK community. The 3D printing industry should adapt to the current trends in the market, customer tastes and preferences vary from time to time. Furthermore, Makism 3D Corporation should strive to embrace new technology at all times, this is due to the competitive nature of the information technology industry.

Makism 3D Corporation has to ascertain all the aspects of competition which include; consumer bargaining power, supplier bargaining power, threat posed by substitute products, threat of new entrants and the aspect of rivalry in the industry. The cultural and economic aspects concerning 3D printing industry in the UK are favorable hence the company will thrive. After five years there will be changes in technology and consumer tastes and preferences in the UK. It is imperative for Makism 3D Corporation to adapt to these changes.


Social Media Networks’ Impacts on Political Communication Analytical Essay essay help: essay help

Introduction Social media networks have greatly influenced political communication in modern society. Its impact on political activities and governance is especially profound. In the book, the Internet Imaginaire, Patrice Flichy says the development of the internet (social media) is among the most revolutionary processes in modern society (more specifically because the internet has become a super-highway of information).

From the increasing importance of the internet, today, Flichy argues that most politicians have only joined an ongoing trend of designers, business executives, and individuals (among others) who have resorted to use social media as a technical utopia for advancing their goals.

Since many people have accepted the internet as their main communication paradigm, the internet has become widely successful in changing how politicians interact with their subjects. In sum, Flichy argues that the internet has been widely successful in politics because it transforms the interaction between leaders and their followers.

From an emphasis on the Middle East political space, this paper focuses on explaining the impact of social media in the UAE political life by exploring if social media networks make leaders more visible and transparent. To have a practical understanding of this issue, this paper focuses on the social media activities of UAE’s foreign affairs minister, H.H. Abdulla Bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

Through an analysis of his Twitter account, this paper proposes that social media networks make political accountability easier and friendlier, as it increases the visibility and transparency of political leaders. However, to understand this fact, this study first explains how social media has created a new way to represent political leaders in the UAE.

A New Way to Represent the Political Leader in the UAE Culture The social media presence of Abdulla Bin Zayed draws significant inferences from the works of Louis Marin, in the book, the King’s Portrait. Marin largely borrows from the experiences of King Louis XIV in portraying the image of a politician as an immortal onlooker (through the transformation of politicians from theological bodies to immortal political figures).

Flichy contextualises this transformation through his understanding of the power that most politicians enjoy in transforming themselves to political relevance today (through social media). Marin explains the same situation, although from a historical perspective, by saying that the transformation of politicians to political relevance (through the internet) is a symbol of absolutism.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Absolutism represents a political order that redefines the meaning and status of representation by redefining the configurations of power. Broadly, Marin’s work shows how politicians achieve social control through art. The relationship between politics and art is unfamiliar for most political studies, but it symbolises the interaction between aesthetics and kingship.

This relationship also stems from the interaction between state, God, and the truth. A complete symmetry of these three aspects of governance stems from the absolute achievement of sovereignty and power.

Most literature that have explored the impact of social media in the UAE political space have chronologically shown that the growth of social media has led to a shift of its use from a social paradigm to a political and civic paradigm.

Recent events surrounding the Arab spring and the increased influence of civic movements in the Arab world have mainly supported this change. The influence of social media in the UAE political space associates with several political and social factors, like the acceptance of divergent political views, the support of social and political changes, people’s empowerment, and the influence of social media on people’s views of the society.

Across the Arab world, social media use has, however, introduced political change in different measures. Particularly, social media has had a huge impact on how political leaders interact with their followers. A key issue that manifests here is persuasion because it explains how political leaders interact with their followers.

The role of social media in persuading people to follow a leader is a departure from the traditional role of social media as a tool for collecting signatures, or for advocating a social or political cause. Nonetheless, every political leader has a distinct reason for using social media.

An analysis of Sheikh Zayed’s Twitter page shows that the uses of social media are highly dynamic (even though it should primarily increase the level of interaction between political leaders and their followers). Therefore, today, social media serves to provide a more intimate/personal access to political leaders. For example, people know Sheikh Zayed more intimately through random tweets. For example, one tweet (which appears on his Twitter page) says, “Read my piece on how Sheikh Zayed’s childhood and early youth shaped his character as a leader.”

We will write a custom Essay on Social Media Networks’ Impacts on Political Communication specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Such tweets offer a personal insight into the life of the political leader. Despite providing a personal touch to political leadership, social media also provides a platform where people can be entertained and informed about political events.

For example, in Sheikh Zayed’s Twitter account, there is a lot of information regarding the dangers of driving, the importance of eating healthy, personal inspiration (among other factors). In sum, social media has helped to package political leaders differently by presenting them as multifaceted individuals with a more personal touch (than before). This platform gives them visibility in their public lives.

Too Much Visibility While social media offers immense advantages to businesses, political institutions, individuals, and political leaders, it also has its disadvantages. A common disadvantage is too much visibility. In the past, visibility was mainly limited to the presence of individuals on one location and at a specific time. However, with the development of social media communication, people do not have to be at the same place and at the same time to be visible; online presence gives them this visibility.

This new form of visibility has a huge impact on the relationship between visibility and power because it may destroy or build the reputation of politicians. However, smart political leaders seek the services of third parties, like public relations (PR) firms, to manage this new level of representation and exploit it to their advantage. Usually, such political leaders use this platform to create a strong support base for their political causes.

Relative to the above assertion, Abdulla Bin Zayed uses his visibility on his Twitter page to create a strong support base for his official duties. As the minister of foreign affairs, Abdulla Bin Zayed uses his Twitter account to communicate positive issues about the UAE. For example, his Twitter account has the following tweets, “Abu Dhabi is the world’s fourth favourite city, ranked behind only New York, London, and Paris.”

“American University in Paris receives anonymous donation from UAE in honour of late educator.” These tweets report positive issues (such as security, development, tourism, and charitable matters) about the UAE and some of its cities. A positive portrayal of the UAE also complements his role as an ambassador for the government (especially in his capacity as the minister for foreign affairs).

Depending on the contextual framework, too much visibility may be a positive and negative thing for social media users. For example, for political leaders, too much visibility is a positive thing because political leaders are public figures and the higher their visibility, the better they achieve political effectiveness. Even though some political leaders use social media for the right reasons, the proper management of increased public attention may expose such leaders to new risks.

New risks create new areas of fragility for political leaders because even though the smart ones manage this visibility to their advantage, they cannot have an absolute control over social media issues. Therefore, their efforts to exploit social media may still work to their disadvantage. The public may, however, enjoy increased political transparency through social media.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Social Media Networks’ Impacts on Political Communication by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Increased Transparency in the UAE Political Life – A Social Media Analysis The role of social media in increasing the level of transparency in the political life of the UAE largely stems from its influence in determining how people share information (its implication on governance is usually very profound).

Social media, therefore, introduces new risks and opportunities for the UAE political space because on the one hand, political leaders may use this platform to influence people’s perceptions, but on the other hand, the same platform has greatly empowered the people to question and criticise political activities in the country. Therefore, through an angry blog or tweet, someone can easily tarnish the name of a political leader.

While many political leaders have understood these inherent risks and opportunities, they cannot afford to be complacent. Increased transparency is, therefore, one issue that political leaders cannot wish away.

While traditional communication channels included extreme barriers of bureaucracy and lack of access to political leaders, social media has broken down these barriers and made leaders more accessible to the electorate. This way, the electorate finds it easy to question their leaders. In turn, the leaders have become more accountable and transparent in their political and professional activities.

A tweet from Abdulla Bin Zayed’s account confirms the above assertion because it contains evidence of public complaints and responses to such complaints (increased accountability). For example, one person said, “believe it or not; they called to tell me that they credit the money back based on my complaint.” This tweet shows an interesting dynamic of social media communication in politics because it highlights a seamless communication between the electorate and political leaders.

In the past, this type of communication was one-sided (from the political leaders to the electorate). A transformed communication framework outlines one aspect of Flichy’s argument (in the book, the internet Imaginaire) that captures the essence of this paper – redefining information sources. Through a constructivist model, Flichy says the transformation of communication (through the internet) means that information does not have to originate from only one source.

Instead, people may interact freely without experiencing the traditional communication barriers held by politicians and mainstream media. This assertion largely explains the nature of information in the Twitter account of Abdulla Bin Zayed because most of the content (tweets) appearing in his pages do not necessarily originate from him.

The potentials that social media and other internet platforms hold for politicians create a huge bulk of the arguments presented by Flichy because he says that the internet has helped politicians to transform mask utopia to liberal ideology. This argument mentions the role of social media in transforming the political causes of some US politicians, such as Al Gore, who used the internet to transform mask utopia to liberal ideology.

Nonetheless, evidence of unbiased information sources of interaction also exists between other Middle Eastern leaders and their subjects. In sum, this level of interaction shows that social media has greatly increased the level of transparency in political governance in the Middle East.

Conclusion After weighing the findings of this paper, we can affirm that social media networks increase the level of political accountability and transparency in the Middle East. Evidence from Abdulla Bin Zayed’s Twitter account also shows that social media has helped to package political leaders as more humane, fun, and entertaining. However, the main goal of a political leader, in using social media, is to persuade their followers to be more familiar with their thinking.

As leaders strive to achieve this objective, they should use the increased visibility they get through social media to advance their ideologies and relate better with their followers. Marin says that the proper use of social media may immortalise the relevance of political leaders because they can re-invent themselves this way.

Comprehensively, smart political leaders identify the right types of conversations (that promote their cause) and engage their audiences accordingly. This attempt should be followed with extreme persuasion because the value of social media exists here – persuading the electorate.


Major Idea of Teaching Mathematics Essay (Critical Writing) best essay help: best essay help

Upon reading the framework, it is evident that the major idea of teaching mathematics in California public schools revolves around the development of a balanced instructional program that not only provides students with an enabling environment to become proficient in basic computational and procedural skills, but also to continuously develop conceptual understanding of the mathematical concepts and become proficient in problem-solving.

As indicated in the framework, teachers should aim to achieve a balance between these three concepts (proficiency in computational and procedural skills, attainment of conceptual understanding, and proficiency in solving new or perplexing problems) if they expect their students to be competitive in mathematics (California Department of Education, 2006).

The concepts are interrelated; hence, teachers must strive to come up with methodologies and strategies to deliver them to mathematics students according to the standards of a particular grade level.

As indicated in the framework, “when students apply basic computational and procedural skills and understandings to solve new or perplexing problems, their basic skills are strengthened, the challenging problems they encounter can become routine, and their conceptual understanding deepens” (California Department of Education, 2006 p.5).

Consequently, it is suggested that the major idea of teaching mathematics to students in California public schools entails connecting their skills, conceptual understanding, and problem-solving capability to develop a network of mutually reinforcing components in the curriculum that are intrinsically aligned with the standards depending on grade level.

Examples of Teaching Strategies From the framework, it is clear that no single strategy of instruction is the best or most appropriate in all contexts, and that teachers have a wide choice of instructional strategies including “direct instruction, investigation, classroom discussion and drill, small groups, individualized formats, and hands-on materials (California Department of Education, 2006 p.5).

As one of the approaches to teaching, direct instruction is not only skills-oriented, but the teaching practices it adopts are essentially teacher-directed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In teaching algebra and functions to grade six students, for example, a teacher can use small-group, face-to-face instruction to demonstrate to students how to solve linear equations and develop algebraic reasoning at each step of the process by breaking down the instructions into small units, sequencing them deliberately, and teaching them in an explicit manner.

Although teachers can use this strategy to ensure that Grade six students are able to use their computational skills and conceptual understanding to solve problems in algebra through explicit, guided instructions, the strategy nevertheless limits student’s creativity and active exploration.

The other teaching strategy is investigation, whereby teachers play an active role in guiding students to identify a topic of interest, explore the current knowledge on the topic, frame the topic into manageable questions, gather appropriate information, analyze and synthesis the information, take action on the findings, and reflect on the outcomes found.

This strategy could be used to teach geometry to grade six students as it does not only facilitate an explicit understanding of geometric concepts, including raising students’ levels of geometric thinking, but also motivates students by presenting mathematical topics in an enjoyable and interesting manner that challenges their intellectual development.

Reflection Overall, upon reflection, I have learned that

no single method of instruction is the best or most appropriate in all situations,

it is important to balance the concepts of computational and procedural skills, conceptual understanding and problem-solving capability when teaching mathematics,

in mathematics instruction, new skills are developed almost exclusively on previously learned skills,

methods of assessing students for mathematics comprehension should be context-specific.

These learning outcomes can be implemented in real-life classroom situations by coming up with a well-formulated framework that does not necessarily follow a linear order to ensure students benefit from the mathematics lessons taught in class, and also by proactively aligning instruction with assessment.

Reference California Department of Education. (2009). Mathematics framework for California public schools: Kindergarten through grade twelve. Web.

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McSwain Union elementary school District Essay (Critical Writing) college application essay help

Table of Contents Basic demographic information

Mathematics and science curriculum guide

Parent’s involvement

Bell schedule

Parent-student handbook

School website


Basic demographic information McSwain elementary school is located in Marced County, California. It has a population of 836 students including qualified teachers. School also accommodates students from different ethnic backgrounds and offers 27 major academic courses. The population of white students is 49% while blacks make 1% of the total number of students. Moreover, students from Latin America are 39% while Asians make 4% of the total student population.

It also has 1% of the Filipino students and 2% from other countries. According to McSwain Union elementary school District’s mission statement, it is devoted to excellence and training of all the learners through the assistance of the teachers and the community at large. The population of GATE learners in the school is approximately 10% while those students studying English makes 14% of the total number of students. 40 percent of the students are entitled to free lunch.

Mathematics and science curriculum guide McSwain Union elementary school District’s mathematics curriculum is aimed at making students understand that mathematics can be used as a thinking device. Through mathematics, students are not only taught how to effectively communicate with each other, but also solve various problems. Their mathematics curriculum is arranged into five categories. Students will have to first cover topics in number sense and operations.

They will also have to cover topics in algebra, geometry, and measurement. The learners will cover topics in statistics and probability. In science, students will cover topics on earth and physical sciences. They will also be expected to carry out various studies in every science unit. Besides, learners will be expected to create hypothesis and make concrete judgments. Studying science concepts, ethics, and theories will also be part of their science curriculum.

Parent’s involvement According to the McSwain Union elementary school District’s culture, parental support and involvement are highly encouraged. Therefore, they are also considered to be part of the school’s success. Parents and the entire community spend most of their time helping in the study rooms and library.

They also provide assistance with curriculum activities like sports. Parents are members of the McSwain Community Club which provides assistance to the students. They also form part of the School Site Council. Members of this club meet every year to evaluate the school’s progress.

Bell schedule McSwain Union elementary school District’s normal learning starts at 8:10 AM and ends at 2:50 PM. Moreover, teddy bell rings at 9:54 AM where students are expected to stay in their study rooms before going for a 10:10 AM break. Lunchtime bell starts from 11:10 AM to 2:00 PM depending on the level of study. The above bell schedules can only be changes during winter when it is cold.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Parent-student handbook Parent-student handbook does not only contain information on school hours, but also visitation programs and rules. It also contains the names of staff members and the school’s mission statement. Moreover, it has information on how parents should take part in various activities within and outside the school. Parent-student handbook contains school’s map, policies, and rules.

School website On the school’s website, there is a three dimensional cover photo indicating the location of the school. Down below the photo, there are two flags on both sides (McSwain School, 2013).

The American flag is on the left hand side and the school’s flag is on the right. Their website is also considered to be complete because it has a lot of information about the school. Some of the features available at the school’s website are: Board calendar, school history, API scores, and parent portal. In conclusion, the school’s website is very instructive and up to date.

Reference McSwain School (Web log post). (2013). McSwain Union Elementary School District. Retrieved from


Communication and Trust Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

One of the most important aspects of building a strong and effective organizational culture that guarantees success is cultivation of trust. Trust between employees and the management is very important. An environment that lucks trust is characterized by hostility, lack of cooperation between employees, dishonesty, and low productivity (Gilbert, 2002).

The attitudes and interactions of members in such an environment hinder development that would be beneficial to the organization. Encouraging effective communication is one of the ways used by organizations to foster trust between employees and management.

Behaviors that generate trust include confronting reality, keeping commitments, listening keenly to employees’ problems, fostering transparency, demonstrating respect, working hard, delivering results, fulfilling expectations, practicing accountability, taking responsibility, and believing in other people (Gilbert, 2002).

These behaviors develop trust when practiced by both employees and members of the management team. On the other hand, behaviors that destroy trust include disrespecting other members, meanness, dishonoring promises, being pushy and inconsiderate, failing to listen to employees, being vulgar and loud, and dishonoring commitments (Reina, 2009).

Developing proper communication channels is one of the most effective ways of fostering trust in an organization (Russell, 2012).

Communication behaviors that promote trust include fostering dialogue and open communication, ensuring that messages are clear and comprehensible, putting into consideration the feelings and emotions of others, avoiding vulgar or abusive language, soliciting for opinions from employees, giving employees a chance to express themselves, and developing deep listening skills (Reina, 2009).

On the other hand, communication behaviors that destroy trust include insensitiveness during discussions, lack of dialogues, issuing insensitive orders, using vulgar language, denying employees an opportunity to express their opinions, feelings and emotions, using demeaning language, and using complex language that members fail to understand (Russell, 2012).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, using hostile word and expressions to address employees also destroys trust. Members deserve respect. Therefore, it is important for management to avoid using words that could annoy or disgust employees in any way in order to cultivate trust.

At my previous place of work, the management destroyed trust by ignoring employees and failing to respond to their grievances. A prolonged standoff that ensued affected the organization adversely. Employees were seeking better pay because the management had increased their workload tremendously. However, their efforts to have their requests considered were turned down. The management claimed that employees were reacting out of greed and sheer insensitiveness.

The management’s response reduced the productivity of the organization significantly because employees were not motivated to work as hard they used to before the incident. Employees lost trust in the management and this led to a strained relationship that affected the organization adversely. During that period, the management declined to negotiate or hold any discussions with employees. Communication was poor and the management distanced itself from employees.

However, after periods of reduced productivity and effectiveness at the workplace, the management decided to consider their plight. It took a lot of discussions and dialogues to restore confidence and trust. The consequences of the incident were severe because it took the organization more than three years to rebuild its employees’ trust and confidence.

Communication and trust are paramount to achievement of success in any organization. In order to foster trust, it is necessary to cultivate good communication behaviors. Commitment, honesty, responsibility, and accountability are examples of behaviors that foster trust. It is important for employees and the management to adopt them in order to develop an organizational culture that encourages cultivation of trust.

References Gilbert, M. (2002). Communication Miracles at Work: Effective Tools and Tips for Getting the Most from Your Work Relationships. New York: Conari Press.

Reina, D. (2009). Trust and Betrayal in the Workplace: Building Effective Relationship in your Organization. New York: Springer.

We will write a custom Essay on Communication and Trust specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Russell, N. (2012). Trust: the New Workplace Currency. Retrieved from


“Eco-Warriors” by Rik Scarce Synthesis Essay best essay help

“Eco-Warriors” is a book that investigates the actions of environmentalists using both historical and philosophical accounts. The author of this book is Rik Scarce a sociologist at Skidmore College and he refers to the several environmental organizations in this book. This paper provides a review of Scarce’s book in the view of the effects that degradation has on the society.

“Eco-Warriors” gives several accounts of how environmental activists act in the course of their spirited defense against the destruction of the earth. In this book’s edition, the author does not add new dimensions to the book but he updated his earlier work on the same topic. The book expounds on the actions of the environmentalists who are not willing to compromise on their philosophy about the need to preserve the environment and the integrity of the ecology. The author hopes to make the actions of the environmental activists who break the law, and are sometimes referred to as domestic terrorists by the government easier to understand.

According to the author, it is easy for onlookers to demonize environmental activists but research indicates that their actions are beneficial to the environment. The available evidence shows that ignoring the effects of the environmental degradation could have devastating effects. Therefore, classifying environmental activists as terrorists is unfortunate. It is also evident that the degradation of the environment could continue to put the environmentalists and governments on a collision path.

Scarce claims that some of the organizations that continue to berate the environmental activists are responsible for degradation themselves. Consequently, if the uninformed criticisms on environmentalists continue, they will only lead to more degradation. It is up to the society to understand the role of the environmental activists as well as their actions. This will ensure that the effects of degradation on the society are checked.


Human Resource Management: Training and Development Evaluation Essay online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Case study analysis

Lessons from case study


Reference List

Introduction Every business enterprise aims at making profits by minimising operational costs. Although expenditure is inevitable, every business enterprise, regardless of its size, applies every possible strategy available to ensure maximum returns. Employee training and development is one of the key aspects that most companies factor into their expenditure in the determination of their priority expenses and long-term business development.

Although the choice of strategy mainly depends on the available resources to a company, it may also be a result of the choice of human resource management models. Some companies prefer to hire individuals with the skills that suit the job description while others choose to employ individuals with basic knowledge of the job and conduct private training in order to customise the employees’ skill set to suit their purpose.

While both methods work, they possess different advantages and disadvantages, as well as impacts on the companies and employees. This paper explores a case study of two different companies and provides a concise analysis of their choice of managerial models. It also includes a discussion on some of the lessons that managers can learn from the case study mainly with regard to inter-related human resource policies and practices.

Case study analysis Total Customer Services (TCS), an outsourced group of housing benefits caseworkers, applies the use of contracts that encourage and enforce specialisation among workers. In essence, the management format involves the distribution of specific duties for each worker. The company strictly stipulates the duties in a contract, which means that workers lack any mandate beyond their stipulated duties and only apply the use of specific skills in the accomplishment of such duties.

The contracts also require employees to exercise a huge degree of disclosure to management regarding their actions. The main advantage this arrangement has for the workers is that they can perfect the skill they apply at work, which makes their work easier with time (Leitch 2006). Another advantage is that the disclosure policies allow the management team to detect problems as soon as they arise, thus solving them before they do damage to the business.

However, this management model has several disadvantages. First, the restrictive manner in which the management governs the employees means that the employees lose their autonomy and are unable to make critical decisions in time, as they have to consult the management as the contract stipulates (Goleman 1998). Subsequently, the company suffers undue delays in solving trivial problems that would be better suited to the employees in charge.

For instance, one of the caseworkers mentions that one of their obligations as caseworkers under TCS’s management was to fill out paper work and pass the forms to the local authority for approval instead of providing approval when necessary. A logical assessment of such a situation would indicate that the council lost a lot of valuable time that it would otherwise apply in improving its operations and raising its performance levels.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another disadvantage related to lack of autonomy is the lack of innovative solutions to problems. By providing that the employees should not operate outside their contractual duties, the contract and in extension the company, bars the employees from providing different perspectives on issues, which is an advantage they possess owing to their extensive experience dealing with one particular issue.

In the case study, a worker in the company indicates that caseworkers have the advantage of dealing with the same case over a long period and thus know their clients’ names, addresses, and their needs. This aspect is a taxing oversight for the company as it fails to exploit its work force to its full potential. The second major disadvantage of the TCS contract system is that it fosters the decline of valuable skill among the employees (Keep


Dorothy Edwards Leadership Styles Term Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Leadership is very important in every organization in that leaders have the ability to define the destiny of an organization as it strives to achieve success. The issue of leadership has gained popularity among academics and organizations over the last couple of years. It is important to understand the model of leadership applied by various leaders.

Dorothy Edwards is the leader of Helping Hands organization, a charity foundation whose main objective is to help the needy in the society. Her style of leadership has seen the organization succeed in achieving most of its objectives (Winkler, 2010).

Among the theories that she applies include participative leadership theory. This is the type of leadership theory whereby the leader accounts for the input of other members of the group. The leader ensures that all group members are involved in decision making (Coggins, 2009). Group members are encouraged to participate and make contributions freely. This is important in that members feel closer and relevant to the organization, thus their commitment improves greatly.

To involve SWAT Team members, Dorothy allows them to talk about themselves and their reasons behind joining the organization. Team members also talk about the experiences they are intending to gain from the organization and what they have to offer. Dorothy considers all those agendas and takes the responsibility of helping each member meet his or her aspirations.

In helping the members, Dorothy applies the relationship leadership theory, which is also known as the transformational theory (Waite, Waite


Leading Learning in the Workplace Analytical Essay best essay help

Table of Contents Trait Leadership Theory

Situational Leadership Theories

Contingency Theories


List of References

Leadership is one of the most important ingredients of a successful workplace. According to Dierendonck and Patterson (2010, p. 41), leading people within a workplace setting requires one to possess leadership qualities that would make one unique among others. A leader must be able to make followers behave in a given desirable way within an organization. It is through this that such a leader would be in a position to bring success within the organization.

Scholars have put forth a number of theories of leadership to explain ways in which a leader can assert his authority and ensure that followers do what he desires.

This may not be an easy task. Different leaders draw their power from different sources. Depending on the source of power and the strength of this source, a leader would be able to sway the thinking of the followers in differing degrees. This research will focus on three leadership theories and explain their relevance in the contemporary workplace.

Trait Leadership Theory According to English (2011, p. 60), trait theory of leadership is one of the most common leadership theories. This theory holds that leaders always have some traits that make them be admired and this earns them leadership within the society. Some traits are admirable. Such traits as courage, self-confidence, ability to listen to people and deliver to them what they expect are some of the traits that a society would admire.

These traits would make one become a leader quite easily because the person would gain trust and admiration from people. People will look at such a person as an individual capable of offering guidance to them within an organization. In the workplace, this trait is very common and admirable because people always want some form of guidance in the workplace setting. They always prefer leaders who can be understanding and offer leadership without putting a lot of pressure on them.

They always need people with good traits of leadership because there is a belief that these people always understand. Business owners also prefer putting people who understand employees into leadership. It is important to ensure that the person being given opportunity to lead others is able to understand how best the followers can deliver good results. Employee motivation is one of the most important factors in the current workplace in ensuring that the desired results are obtained.

This makes trait leadership theory a very important leadership strategy in the current workplace. This is because this leadership is based on those desires that employees would like. This theory has come under criticism from a number of scholars. Golensky (2011, p. 88) says that some people with desirable qualities as courage, confidence and selflessness do not always seek positions of leadership in their entire life.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For this reason, the assumption that people with these traits are or should be leaders is a misleading argument. The sentiments of this scholar may be true to some extent. However, he also made some assumptions when describing who a leader is within the society. A leader may not necessarily be someone in direct authority within the society or in an organization. A leader can be someone who takes a very low profile in the society, but people listens to him or her whenever he or she speaks out.

It does not take an office to be considered as a leader. Within the workplace, there are such people who would always be consulted whenever a major decision is needed despite the fact that they are not holding any office.

This is because of the influence they command on people. This means that having these desired traits helps one gain confidence and love from others. This in itself gives this person a sense of authority because he can easily influence the decision of people irrespective of the office he holds in the firm.

There have been some arguments on this theory about the origin of these desirable traits of a leader. According to Nohria and Khurana (2010, p.59), there are those who believe that such good traits as courage, confidence and selflessness come naturally. This argument says that people are born with these traits and they find themselves expressing them in a natural manner in their daily life activities.

This argument compares closely to the argument put forth by Great Man Theory, which holds that great leaders are born. Those who hold this argument says that it is difficult to teach selflessness to a person unless it is something that comes out naturally. If a person has some selfishness in his or her behavior, it can be very difficult to eliminate this trait and replace it with selflessness because naturally the person is selfish.

The only thing that may happen is that the selfishness can be suppressed when the environment is not conducive enough. However, when such a person finds himself in a situation where there is need to act through reflex reaction, the selfishness in him would be clearly demonstrated.

Some scholars have however, argued that traits can be learnt as one develops. Based on the environment and values one is put through during the developmental stage, it is possible to learn some of the traits that are considered desirable.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Leading Learning in the Workplace specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Situational Leadership Theories Situational leadership theories are another very popular theory in the current leadership of organization. According to Donlevy and Walker (2011, p. 47), situational leadership theory holds that a leader should always offer leadership depending on the prevailing situation within an organization.

There are situations where a leader would need to evoke democratic leadership while in some instances, dictatorial leadership would be the most appropriate. For instance, when a leader is more knowledgeable in this field, and the ideas that may come from followers may be misleading, then such a leader should employ dictatorial style of leadership.

This is because such a leader is certain that followers cannot add any meaningful insight into the decision that is to be made. The leader would then be the sole source of power. Issuing instruction to those followers must be observed to the letter in order to achieve the desired success. On the other hand, if followers have as much knowledge as the leaders, then the most appropriate leadership style should be democratic in nature.

Such a leader would need to lead but in a consultative manner. This is because the knowledge of others may be relevant or even better in some areas that need decision making. Being democratic here means bringing on board all members of the organization and making them give their thoughts about how best a given issue can be handled. The idea here is to come up with the best approach through consultation with people who have enough knowledge of what should be done.

Situational leadership is very relevant in the contemporary leadership. The report done by Marquis (2012, p. 24) says that human being is very complex and to successfully manage him, a lot of care and skills will always be needed. For instance, ethics is one of the most important ingredients of a successful organization.

Sometimes a leader finds him in a workplace where people do not practice ethics in their daily activities. Such a leader would choose to either get into the system or conform to the practice that has been embraced, or create a change within the organization. These two situations would need different leadership approach. When one decides to conform to the current practice, then it would be easy because the leader would only need to sit back and watch what others do.

On the other hand, it can be challenging when the leader decides to change what has been entrenched as a common practice. Such a leader would need to bring a new thinking into the organization, and in this regard, some elements of dictatorial leadership would be needed. The leader would need to make followers understand that any form of corruption is not acceptable and can lead to serious consequences.

The leader must be strong-willed in order to achieve the desired goal, especially when the desired goal is not what the norm is in the current practice. Hutchin (2012, p. 67) argues that it is not easy to make a complete change of approach within an organization, especially if it involves fighting vices such as corruption, laziness and unethical behavior. The leader must first determine the kind of situation he finds himself in, and then determine the most appropriate leadership approach.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Leading Learning in the Workplace by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Contingency Theories Contingency theories of leadership have very close relations with situational leadership theory. According to Wu (2013, p. 78), contingency theories of leadership holds that there is no single style of leadership that can be considered as being the most appropriate in every situation. This theory has its assumption that different situation will call for different actions in order to achieve the desired result.

The theory also holds that different leaders will use different approaches to ensure that the desired result is achieved. In this theory, the end will always justify the means. What a leader should realize is that some specific targets should be achieved within a particular period. With this knowledge, the leader must be able to determine the best approach of making the employees deliver this desired result.

It would be upon the leader to choose the approach that would work best for him given the prevailing condition of the organization. The choice of leadership in this case will depend on the leader and the followers. Every given leader has his or her unique approach of leadership used when a specific goals is to be met. This theory holds that such a leader would most likely go for the leadership approach he or she is well versed with in order to influence actions of the employees.

It may not be prudent to set rigid structure for such a leader because he or she would have to struggle in order to achieve the desired result. Similarly, the followers will always determine the best approach a leader should take when offering leadership to them. There are followers who work best with as minimal supervision as may be possible.

On the other hand, some followers cannot work without close supervision. Understanding these two opposite groups would be important (Lussier


Organizational Diagnosis Evaluation Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Organizational change


Low productivity

Reference List

Introduction Businesses around the globe face numerous challenges on a regular basis. To deal with these issues, the management of an organization must possess the necessary problem solving skills and knowledge. There are a number of issues that plague the world of business; however, some problems seem more prominent and are shared by a number of organizations around the globe.

Organizational change One of the main challenges that organizations face is the resistance of employees during the implementation of any change within the organization. Change is an inevitable phenomenon within the world of business. Organizations that refuse to change their methods with time are bound to fail. Change may create new and better opportunities (Bovey


CIA. Operations and Intelligence: A Potential for Conflict? Evaluation Essay online essay help: online essay help

Over the years of its existence, CIA has built a strong and quite threatening reputation. However, because of the clumsy strategies adopted by the Operations Department, the existence of the entire organization can be threatened. As some of the sources claim, the strategies adopted for the CIA operations have, in fact, stayed the same since the times of Eisenhower’s presidency.

Meanwhile, the approaches used in the CIA intelligence department, have been regularly updated and, as a result, are up to the highest standards at present, which stands in high contrast to the standards for the operations of the CIA.

Because of the lack of cohesion between the strategies used by the CIA intelligence and the ones that are adopted by the CIA Operations Department, the CIA is at the brink of a serious crisis, which might lead to drastic effects and, therefore, pose a threat to the U.S. foreign affairs, making the state extremely vulnerable to the actions of the adversaries.

To realize the scale of the threat that the CIA is facing at the moment due to the lack of understanding how covert operations must be carried out in the present-day world, it is necessary to consider some of the examples of how well the modern CIA specialists use coercive methods in the implementations of their strategies.

The latest case on CIA operations is a graphic example of how the lack of cohesion between the actions of the two departments affects the results of the CIA work negatively. Mendez offers a classic case of what can happen once there is a lack of cohesion between the actions of the Operations and the Intelligence. As Mendez1 claims, after carrying out the infamous operation in Iran, the CIA adopt the strategy that allowed it remain “on alert” 24/7, and, despite its numerous controversies, remained efficient till the very end of the operation.

However, because of its success, the framework of the operation was further on used as the pattern for the rest of the operations, which resulted in the CIA being labeled as the organization that prefers rough actions instead of careful and well thought-out steps, which has been dragged into the present day, since CIA was too lazy to change its approach towards its operations.

The given case study shows the effects of poor and, quite honestly, rather dated strategies used by the CIA Operations Department on the overall performance of the organization in general and the quality of Intelligence Department work in particular.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the case study, the covert actions carried out in an awkward manner not only seem quite deplorable compared to the refined work of the Intelligence, but also affect the latter negatively, threatening the success of several months long work due to a single awkwardly carried out operation.

Therefore, things have to be changed in the way that the CIA Operations Department works, and things have to be changed fast; otherwise, the discord between the work of Intelligence and Operations will lead inevitably to the collapse of the CIA.

When considering the improvements that the CIA services could undergo in order to run the operation processes smoother and get rid of the reputation of a “rogue elephant,” the organization should consider such approaches as the creation of another organization that could provide the services for covert operations with the staff that would be trained specifically to meet the latest and the highest standards in the given department.

The given solution has already been suggested for the CIA services as the possible measure to address the critical situation concerning the “rogue elephant” situation. However, in case CIA decides to create a separate agency that is going to supply the CIA Organization with the human resources for covert operations, chances are pretty high that information leakage rates are going to increase.

There is no secret that even with a single headquarters and the old-fashioned strategies, the CIA is suffering from information leaks and the results that it leads to: “Accountability can be damaging by providing a source for possible leaks and by cutting down on the efficiency of the CIA through forcing continuous consultation when speedier action may be needed.”2 Therefore, creating a separate organization, which the CIA will have to share the key information with, is rather risky for the U.S. at present.

Another possible way to address the problem of the gap between the Operations and Intelligence Departments in the CIA is to arrange training courses for the staff specializing in Operations. Thus, the CIA will be able to translate the current practices into a more appropriate and by far more subtle manner of coercive methods implementation without restructuring the whole organization and splitting into the headquarters and its affiliate.

The given method, however, also has problems, since training the staff in order to change the current practices will doubtlessly take much time. Alternatively, the CIA could recruit new staff that could carry out its mission in the new and more appropriate manner.

We will write a custom Essay on CIA. Operations and Intelligence: A Potential for Conflict? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More By doing so, the organization would benefit in changing the mindset of the staff so that the new strategies could be used as soon as possible; however, seeing how the new staff will require even more time for training, learning the rules and gaining the experience that the old staff already has, the given step does not seem to be an option either.

Therefore, it goes without saying that the CIA needs an urgent update on its operation strategies. Indeed, seeing how the operations have been molded in accordance with the pattern dating back to the post-WWII era, it becomes obvious that the new principles for the strategies and tactics of the cover operations must be introduced into the present-day CIA services.

In addition to their lack of efficiency, outdated techniques can possibly lead to failing the operations, which will most likely lead to serious issues in foreign policy of the U.S. and, as a result, will bring the reputation of the United States among the rest of the world’s most powerful states a few notches down.

It could be argued, though, that the introduction of the new strategies will require additional training of the staff so that the latter could follow the new instructions, which will cost a considerable amount of money; not to mention the fact that the transformations in the CIA services will doubtlessly take much time – weeks, perhaps, months, if not years. Therefore, the idea of adopting new strategies for the actions of the CIA operations to be carried out might seem a failure.

However, the introduction of the new strategies can be enhanced with the help of an efficient leadership strategy and the introduction of the right information and time management. As long as the CIA services allow for shared information and schedule the training sessions so that the staff could learn the basics within the shortest period of time.

With that being said, it must be admitted that the CIA operation strategies can and must be updated in accordance with the newly adopted strategies. As soon as the strategies mentioned above are applied, it can be assumed that each of the elements of the CIA works in chord with its other parts.

Footnotes 1. Antonio J. Mendez, “A Classic Case of Deception” (Central Intelligence Agency, n. d.), Accessed from

2. David Canon, “Intelligence and Ethics: The CIA’S Covert Operations,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies 4, no. 2 (Spring 1980): 205.

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Spiritual discernment and vocational counseling Essay (Critical Writing) college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

Personal position

Past and present influences

Practical application

Reference List

Introduction Any person with the zeal to succeed in life has to make sound decisions on issues that concern his or her life. Decision-making is an important process that involves selecting among available alternatives the best factors that will have a great impact in one’s life. People have to face decisions on the careers to pursue, relationships, and work coupled with how they are going to spend their time effectively doing the right thing.

These are just some of the issues that call for decision-making skills. Having emphasized on the importance of the decision making process, a person needs to gather relevant information that will aid in discerning the right path to avoid doing anything absurd or wicked and not pleasing to the eyes of God. The decisions that we make in life should be aimed at deepening our bond with God as this aspect underscores the ultimate goal in life.

At this point, spiritual discernment comes in as it underlines the decision-making process that Christians can use since it helps them to overcome their own personal will in life (Liebert, 2008) and make great decisions that are in line with the will of the almighty God.

Spiritual discernment is the ultimate secret weapon that can be used by Christians who are interested in drawing closer to the Lord as they progress in life as it guides them to make the most informed decisions that align them with the will of God.

Personal position Making a decision on the career that you are going to take is very critical as this move determines the kind of life that you are going to live on earth before going to meet with your maker. Unfortunately, in the society we live in, most people have not been taught on decision making especially on issues concerning vocational calling (Bieber, 2010). From my point of view, when making career decisions, Christians should be guided by certain factors with the main one being prayerful.

In the decision-making process, sparing some time to invite God through prayer affects the outcome of the decisions that you make. By telling God your greatest desires and showing that you need Him in making decisions, He enlightens you on the best decisions that you can make, as the Lord is interested in every aspect of our life. God may not speak to us directly, but through circumstances that will guide us in making good decisions (Horton, 2009).

Praying helps us in getting closer to the Lord, which enables us to discern different ways in which He communicates to us and this aspect is the perfect guide in making the appropriate decision when choosing a career path. The importance of prayer is undisputable as it also helps in defeating the devil that can lure Christians to career choices that will lead them to committing sins which is against the will of God (Wilkie


Sustainability program: implementation Evaluation Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The readiness involved in planning and implementing scale and sustainability focuses on the identification of core program elements. The most effective components that have to be sustained and scaled are then determined. First, the program has to serve a particular need and should guarantee market.

All the stakeholders of the change strategy should be made to believe that the program to be scaled and sustained will serve a particular purpose and impact positively to the overall performance of the organization. The change agent has to conduct market surveys to identify whether the need to be addressed by the program is actually existent in the market. Second, the critical non-negotiable elements of the program are identified.

Effective scaling and sustaining of a program require identification of a few essential elements that should be implemented in a manner that coincides to that of the original users of the program. This can be achieved through evaluation since the change agent can easily identify core elements that are significant and need to be sustained and distinguish them from those that are not imperative to the efficient functioning of the organization (Spiro, 2011).

The cost of the program is the last significant element that should be determined by the change agent. The change agent should identify the cost of running the program and all the funding received from various institutions. Program sustainability entails getting sufficient funding to aid in running the project rather than getting more funds from external funding institutions.

The necessity of identifying hard choices concerning the allocation of resources to various programs in an organization is essential for effective program sustainability.

The change agent should ensure that the program receives funding from the resources that had been allocated to less productive programs in the organization so as to increase the productivity of the organization. Scaling and sustaining of a program can also be achieved by incorporating the program into an existing one (Spiro, 2011).

The change agent should ensure that sustaining and scaling processes are planned from the onset of the initiative. This is significant in incorporating new institutions and partners during the course of the program implementation that are vital to the sustaining process. Training future leaders is the fundamental element in the change strategy since it guarantees program sustenance.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The transitions and turnover of staff members should also be properly managed since changing key personnel in a program hampers sustainability and scale of the program. Transitions plans should therefore be devised to minimize program disruptions since new employees do not understand the operations of an already existing program. Consequently, they tend to abandon the program thus altering its sustenance and scale (Dede


The Retail Grocery Market Structure in Australia Essay custom essay help

The Market Structure of Retail Grocery Market in Australia There are a number of market structures that can be adopted in an industry, depending on the type of products and services offered. The market structure that is in place is shaped by how many and what types of firms make the industry. There are four major market structures: perfect competition, oligopoly, monopoly, and monopolistic competition. A perfectly competitive market structure is one whereby there are many players in the market, as well as many customers (Stackelberg et al., 2011).

The barriers for entering the market are not there, or they are minimal if they are present. In this kind of market structure that is also referred to as pure competition, there are no players who are large such that they dominate and control the market. In other words, there are no organizations that are powerful such that they can set or influence the prices of goods and services.

Some of the characteristics of a perfectly competitive market include unlimited number of buyers and sellers and no barriers for entry or exit to and from the market respectively. In addition, there is perfect information regarding prices, quality as well as production of goods and services. Products are usually homogeneous, there are no transaction costs, and each organization tries to maximize its profitability by incurring the minimum costs possible (Stackelberg et al., 2011).

In an oligopoly market, there are a few firms that are usually strong and tend to influence the market. These firms have the majority share of the market. The organizations tend to compete against each other, while they dominate the rest of the market. These dominant organizations make it difficult for new organizations to join the market by putting barriers. The other major market structure is monopoly. This is a structure whereby there is only one firm that offers certain goods or services.

The firm does not have a competitor. In a monopolistic market structure, the provider organizations have the freedom to control and influence prices since there is no other organization to compete with. Buyers might suffer out of exploitation in such a structure. Finally, there is the monopolistic competition market structure, which is also referred to as a competitive market.

In such a structure, there are a large number of organizations that produce similar goods but the goods are differentiated slightly (Etro, 2009). Each organization tries to differentiate its products a bit to outdo its competitors.

Reasons why the market is not perfectly competitive Retail grocery market in Australia may not be regarded as a perfectly competitive market because the market is seemingly dominated by two major competitor organizations. The two dominant grocery firms in the Australian market are Coles and Woolworths (Food System Research Group, 2009). It is, however, notable that there are other hundreds of grocery firms that operate in the Australian market.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the small firms control 20-30% of the grocery market since Coles and Woolworths are said to dominate and control over 70% of the total Australian grocery market. To be precise, Stuart Alexander


The change strategy Essay best essay help

Recent researches have confirmed that change is an important factor that an organization cannot afford to ignore if it expects to succeed in the current competitive market. Developing a change strategy that works is one of the most important factors that would determine success or failure of a firm in the market (Reiß, 2012). In this study, the researcher focuses on the small wins that come with development of an effective change strategy.

The change strategy in this case would be simple and straightforward when it comes to its implementation. It will involve use video conferences by top management of the firm as a way of encouraging virtual conferences within this firm.

In this strategy, there will be a shift from traditional style of having conferences in large offices in order to formulate policies for the organization. Top management will use this new strategy in order to ensure that they are able to discuss their strategies and challenges more frequently in order to find solutions and improve performance of the firm.

In this strategy, an IT expert will be stationed in an office to coordinate the communication of the managers whenever they want to meet irrespective of their location on the globe. Each manager will be having all the instruments needed to make the conference a reality. The IT expert will have the responsibility of alerting the concerned officers when there is an online meeting to be held.

This officer will inform these managers of the required time they should meet and the agenda of the meeting. The officer will get this information from the relevant office in the top management. When the meeting starts, the IT expert will ensure that the communication process proceeds without any interruptions as long as the gadgets used by individual conference members are in good condition.

This will bring a ‘small win’ to the organization in several ways. Most managers always spend more time trying to come up with the best approach of how their operational units can perform better. In some of the cases, they are forced to make travels out of their offices in order to facilitate improved services offered by the units they manage.

It is therefore, time consuming to leave their offices and travel to the headquarters for the meetings. Other officers also end up wasting their time waiting for other officers who arrive late at such meetings. This strategy is geared at eliminating this wastage and making this process more efficient and effective to the officers involved.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This win will benefit this organization in various ways. The first benefit that will be generated from this change of strategy will be reduced time wastage. With this new approach to holding conference, officers will not have to move out of their offices when there is a conference needed. This means that if there is any delay in the meeting, other officers can continue with other tasks in their officers other than idling in the conference hall.

This strategy will also eliminate cases of absenteeism from such meetings by some of the members. This is because there will be limited excuse as long as there is goodwill from these members. This will improve the overall performance of the organization because it will be possible to share new ideas as soon as they are hatched.

The departments that are facing difficulties can also share their experience with other departments in case there can be any form of help needed. It is also important to note that there will be no need for a hall where the conference can be held. With the increasingly reduced space being experienced in organizations currently, the current conference hall can be put under a useful project for the organization.

The win in this new strategy will not only be of value to the concerned officers who would use the facilities developed. There will be a shared value to various stakeholders when this strategy is implemented. It is a fact that this strategy will reduce time taken to make decisions. This means that the management will be able to operate more efficiently. This would mean that employees would have the needed attention from their supervisors because of their increased availability.

This would enhance positive relationship between the management and the junior employees of this firm. To the shareholders, it is true that when efficiency is improved, there will be increased productivity, which would translate into increased profitability. This will increase the returns that the shareholders will have on their investment. It will also help in expanding the investment of these stakeholders within this firm (Spiro, 2011).

The customers served by this firm will also share the value of this new strategy. When this firm decides to use this new technology, it would mean that the management would have more time to determine the needs of the customers and discuss among them how best they can create more value to their customers. They will also be able to direct junior employees on the best approach to take when delivering value to customers in order to make the experience to be of more value.

It is important to give data in support of the strategy to be implemented. In this case, time will be considered. It can take 30 minutes for a physical conference to be arranged and started if all the officers are in the same building. It will take the officers about 15 minutes to settle back in their officers.

We will write a custom Essay on The change strategy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If they are 10 officers, the total time wasted will be 450 minutes, which is 7.5 hours. If six such meetings are held in a month, time wasted will be about 45 hours in a month or 540 hours in a year. This is a massive time that can be used in developing the firm.

In order to make this win a reality, it shall be publicized using direct memos to the relevant officers within the firm. The memos will be physically delivered to their offices to ensure that they get to read it. This will be followed by direct phone call from the enforcing authority.

The next step for making continuous progress will be to purchase the necessary equipments that would be needed to make this project a reality. Then these officers will be trained on how to use these gadgets. Finally, a team of technicians will be responsible for their maintenance.

In conclusion, it is apparent that this new strategy will have a radical shift from the traditional way of having conference. When all the responsible stakeholders commit themselves to this new approach, the overall performance of the organization will be improved.

References Reiß, M. (2012). Change management: A balanced and blended approach. Norderstedt: Books on Demand.

Spiro, J. (2011). Leading change step-by-step: Tactics, tools, and tales. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Public Administration between the 1930s and 1950s Critical Essay online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Major Theorists and Their Contribution


Reference List

Introduction Public administration has developed for many decades. It is necessary to note that the period between the 1930s and 1950s was one of the most remarkable in the history of the field (as well as the history of the USA).

That was the period of a severe economic crisis, called the Great Depression, and the World War II. These two major events shaped the development of the society and brought certain issues to the fore. Major public administration theorists of that period were Luther Gulick, Louis Brownlow, Charles E. Merriam and Chester I. Barnard.

Major Theorists and Their Contribution One of the most significant theorists that contributed greatly to the development of the field of public administration was Luther Gulick. He emphasized that administration was all about human beings cooperating (controlling and assisting) other human beings (Shafritz


IBM as a Technology Company Coursework online essay help

My organization, IBM, adopts a contribution compensation philosophy. In particular, IBM considers the actual activities of the employees as the basis for payment, with the decision on pay mainly being owned by line managers. The total cash rewards to an IBM employee constitute two major components; the base pay and the additional pay (McCabe, 2013).

Evaluation of the Philosophy The contribution philosophy of compensation seeks to mainly attract, motivate, as well as retain employees through a reward system that targets the contributors who enable IBM to remain competitive (McCabe, 2013). The basis for determining pay at the company is mainly employee performance, where annual benchmarks are conducted to derive competitive pay.

The job family is relied upon to differentiate between the values of comparable skills. The approach by IBM includes relying on geographic data in order to value the market in terms of geography. A structured framework tracks and measures the performance by employees, giving managers the opportunity to assess relative input by all the employees before undertaking a strong differentiation (McCabe, 2013).

IBM conducts market surveys prior to determining its compensation levels. This practice, which is conducted in partnership with other third party consultants, basically analyzes the compensation rates paid by competitor firms before advising the company on the right rates. This is a good practice because it helps IBM to maintain a highly competitive pay structure that is in tandem with its objective of attracting and maintaining the best skills in the market.

Ways of Revamping IBM’s Compensation Philosophy IBM has only established 10 bands upon which all the job classifications are entailed. Workers’ jobs and skills can only be included in one of the job bands already established. However, IBM is a huge multinational company that has an expansive role.

Fitting these skills and roles into 10 bands only does not effectively provide a chance for equitable compensation basing on the firm’s contribution philosophy of compensation. The bands should be further expanded to make them 15 or 20. This will make the roles grouped together to be close to each other in terms of activity and ensure a more equitable compensation philosophy is attained.

Key Factors within the Internal and External Environments Internal

IBM is a technology company that relies heavily on its technological prowess to outwit its competitors in the highly competitive technology market. Thus, the contribution compensation helps in building greater innovation amongst its workforce in order to remain a market leader.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company also has diverse business and it has to maintain greater competition across all the fronts in order to achieve success. This diversity in business also requires a diverse workforce that is highly qualified. Attracting such diversity of skill and maintaining it for longer durations can only be achieved with the company’s contribution compensation policy where individual employees also earn bonuses based on their additional contributions, apart from the basic salary (Wood, 2011).

IBM has succeeded to build a very strong global brand reputation that ensures that the company receives market priority ahead of its other competitors in the market.

Sustaining such strong brand position also requires that the company acquires the best human skills in the market through highly competitive compensation strategies. As the workers are paid highly and competitively, their input also provides the opportunity for more revenues through increased sales and high demand for the IBM brand.


With the growing demand for cloud-based services, which is one of IBM’s key areas of operation, the company requires more skills to build on its ability and capacity. Such skills in the market are also limited because other hi-tech companies are seeking to attract and employ the same workers (Wood, 2011).

Thus, IBM assures the skilled workers that they have an unlimited salary rate through the contribution compensation philosophy because the more they shall contribute to the company’s success and innovation the more they shall earn.

The services and software divisions are also experiencing an increase in demand as the IT capabilities are also growing enormously. These areas require great innovation in order for an IT company to manage leadership. Thus, through the contribution compensation philosophy, IBM has created an opening through which all interested developers of software and application services can practice their skills and earn greater returns.

The world economy has experienced slowed growth over the years, with many countries being affected by the crisis. This has seen the level of expenditure in IT drop as the little resources are being budgeted for other basic requirements. In essence, IT companies such as IBM are at a risk of losing business and revenue.

We will write a custom Coursework on IBM as a Technology Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, the companies have to device new strategies that would enable them manufacture highly effective devices and develop software using fewer resources to maintain low prices in order to survive. IBM can still attract quality skills and manufacture competitive services and equipment at competitive prices through a contribution compensation philosophy (Wood, 2011).

Expatriate Pay The home-based system of pay provides that the employee operate within his home country where the assignment allowances are based on the home country payroll or the host country payroll. It supports the continuation of benefits, such as pension, through continuous payroll deductions. However, the tax equalization policy does not provide a chance for gaining significant income (Henderson


Compensation and Benefits Challenges at McDonald’s Research Paper best essay help: best essay help

Table of Contents Literature Review

The History of McDonald’s

Current Compensation Challenges

How Ford Handled Wage Problems

Potential Strategies for Handling Wage Problems

Implications of Literature

Recommendations to the Management


Reference List

One of the main challenges that many companies in America are dealing with is how to handle compensation and benefits. This is not a new challenge. It has been a permanent feature of the American economy. The current struggles have their roots in the financial crisis that hit the American economy in 2009. The financial crisis hit the American economy about a decade after the dotcom bubble. The American economy is currently in recovery after these two major shocks.

However, many people have become impatient with the government for the slow rate of recovery. This is seeping into the national discussion with debates on how the government and employers should handle the tough economic times. Employers are struggling to retain top talent.

In addition, they are struggling to retain low-level workers who are usually hit hard by the negative impacts of economic problems. A movement to change the basis for wage calculations from the federal minimum wage to a living wage is gaining momentum. The reason for this is that the minimum wage in America no longer guarantees workers a decent life.

This paper examines the wage situation at McDonald’s and the attendant crisis. McDonald’s is one of the best-known American brands. The company happens to have a very poor reputation when it comes to employee wages.

In this context, this paper looks at the reasons behind the current push by McDonald’s and other large employers such as Wal-Mart to oppose the enactment of higher minimum wages in America, and the adoption of the living wage as the standard for measuring wages. The analysis will culminate in the development of recommendations for the management of the company on how to handle the current crisis.

Literature Review The starting point for the analysis is the consideration of definitions of compensation and benefits. Compensation refers to the money paid for rendering a service or for supplying goods. Compensation may be given in monetary terms, through access to certain privileges, or by through complementary services. On the other hand, benefits refer to a special class of compensation given to employees over and above the obligatory payment for services rendered.

Employee benefits vary from employer to employer. In some cases, benefits may be regulated by law. Employers use benefits as a means of differentiating themselves in competitive labor markets. One example of the benefits offered to employees to retain them is giving them stock options.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The History of McDonald’s McDonalds begun operations as a single store operated by the Richard McDonald Maurice McDonald. The brothers specialized in making hamburgers and based on their skills, they successfully opened a series of restaurants. The brothers focused on the delivery of fast food as swiftly as possible, as their source of competitive advantage. The restaurants soon differentiated themselves as fast food joints.

Ray Croc joined the company in 1955 as its franchising agent. His work was to sell the McDonald’s franchise to anyone interested in operating a McDonald’s café, provided he/she had the ability to meet all the franchise requirements. Later on Croc bought the business from the brothers and began an aggressive program of expanding the company. Currently the company serves an estimated 70 million clients annually, and has stores in 120 countries.

The company’s food production and service model were based on the production line techniques popularized by the motor industry. This included the use of a standardized model of production and developing the ability to deliver products of uniform quality in all McDonald’s stores.

The use of a mass production system meant that the company needed to employ many employees. The efficiency of the McDonald’s business systems also meant that the company needed only a relatively small number of skilled employees to manage the systems, and the low-level workers. The result was a large number of low skill workers, with the attendant low wages.

Current Compensation Challenges McDonalds has been in the limelight for several decades in regards to its paltry remuneration packages for most of its low-level employees. The term “McJobs” which refers to low paying, repetitive, and unfulfilling work that required no creativity and with very little chances of advancement came up. The employment situation is improving in America. This means that workers who could not find better paying jobs elsewhere can now find better jobs as the economy grows.

This puts McDonald’s at a disadvantage because it relies on low-level workers to meet its business objectives. Apart from this environmental threat, the company is also dealing with pressure from lobbyists who are advocating for the adoption of the living wage as the standard for the minimum wage. The living wage is the money required to support a family of four to meet expenses for food, transport, housing, and other essentials.

In the current economic climate, the living wage is about $13.50 to $15.00 per hour in America. This shows that the legal minimum wage is only about half of the living wage. Projections show that if McDonald’s started paying a living wage, it would need $8 billion to meet its wage obligations.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Compensation and Benefits Challenges at McDonald’s specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This figure is equivalent the net profit the company posted in the last financial year. This shows that McDonald’s has very tough decisions to make in light of the impacts of either increasing or reducing the minimum wages. As long as McDonald’s is unable to match its lowest pay with the living wage, it will be difficult to shed off the reputation that led to the emergence of the term, “McJob”.

How Ford Handled Wage Problems Henry Ford was one in a similar situation to what McDonald’s finds itself today. His company had a very high rate of employee turnover that in order to retain 14,000 workers, he had to hire 50,000 workers. The turnover was due to various reasons. First, the company required the employees to work for nine hours per day. This was unbearable for some workers at a $2.5 hourly pay. Secondly, these workers could do other jobs for better pay or for better conditions.

Therefore, Ford found himself dealing with low employee morale and a very high rate of employee turnover. The problem of the turnover is that each time an employee left, the company needed to hire a replacement and to train him. The cost of training new employees was higher than the cost of maintaining experienced ones. Ford decided to double the minimum wage from $2.5 per hour to $5 per hour.

He pegged the extra $2.5 to certain conditions to ensure he would get full commitment from his remaining employees. The result of the pay hike was that some of the employees were now able to buy the cars, leading to an increase in the sales of the company. The most significant effect was that it led to increased productivity.

Potential Strategies for Handling Wage Problems McDonalds has some options for dealing with the current crisis. The first set of options is compensation based. In order to achieve greater employee motivation and lower turnover, the company must ensure that it has the best terms among its competitors. This means that the company should not struggle to meet the living wage standard if it is impossible to do it and remain profitable. Rather, it should ensure that its employees know that they have the best rates in the market.

There is greater flexibility when it comes to the benefits that the company can offer its employees as a means of dealing with the current crisis. The benefits should be aimed at increasing employee morale and increasing employee retention. One option is to develop in-service programs for its employees.

These programs should be given to employee groups who have the highest flight risk, and who need to further their skills. Other benefits worth considering include giving the employees opportunities to invest in the company, or investing with the help of the company.

Another approach that the company can use based on the human capital theory is to give its employees bonuses as a means of boosting their income, pegged on the performance of the company . This means that the company can institute bonuses tied to longevity of service in the company, as well as performance of an individual employee. This approach will ensure that the employees see the benefits of giving their best efforts to the company as well as staying with the company for a long time.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Compensation and Benefits Challenges at McDonald’s by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to the Motivation-Hygiene Theory, remuneration has a limited effect on employee motivation. Beyond a certain remuneration limit, the company will not achieve commensurate motivational gains. The implication of this situation is that the company needs to find other ways of motivating its workers apart from more pay. Once the pay package is competitive within the industry and the competing industries, then the company should find other ways of motivating the employees.

Implications of Literature The implications that arise from the literature reviewed are as follows. First, the competition for workers is not just within the fast food sub-sector. Low skill workers have a high rate of transferability as long as there are other lucrative openings. This means that the company is not just competing with its business rivals for workers. Its competitors in regards to talent acquisition include all industry segments that have jobs for unskilled or semi-skilled workers.

The company must analyze the competitive climate in employee recruitment in regards to the industries that need the same pool of workers as a basis for determining the pay levels that it should have. In other words, McDonald’s needs to know where its employees go after they leave, and the terms they find attractive. This will help in developing attractive in-house compensation packages.

The second implication that arises from the literature review is that a pay raise for low skilled workers is inevitable. Using the minimum wage as a guide for the lowest wages is unsustainable. The company must look at the options available for raising the pay of its workers. This should guide it in the efforts of developing a proactive plan to implement pay increases in the coming years.

The third implication arising from the literature is that the company needs to prepare itself for more pressure to raise wages. The pressure will come from lobbyists and from the government. Up to 70% of Americans support the call to increase the minimum wage to make it equal to the living wage.

This means that it is only a matter of time before politicians take not of public interest in the matter. With such certainty that the calls to raise the minimum wage are inevitable, the company needs to plan for how to remain ahead of the curve.

The fourth implication of the literature review is that the company has options concerning how to deal with high employee turnover and low morale. The company can increase compensation based on market conditions and based on its financial performance. Secondly, the company has the option increasing and diversifying the benefits that its employees enjoy to ensure that they do not leave.

This includes using in-service training to meet their need to increase their skills. The company can also open up investment opportunities for its employees in either the company, or its interests. The options listed here demonstrate that McDonald’s has many options on how to deal with this crisis.

The fifth implication of the literature review is that the company needs to deal with the reputation associated with the term McJob. This term is degrading to anyone who works for the company, and can be the basis for bad publicity. The McDonald’s brand should be associated with prosperity and a good life.

The term McJob makes it seem as though the company delivers its products at the expense of its employees. Customers can protest at this by avoiding McDonald’s stores because of this association. The company needs to do everything in its power to deal with the reputational risk associated with this term.

The literature reviewed did not reveal the company’s primary competitors for labor. This would have made it easier to develop recommendations in regards to how the company can handle the current crisis.

Recommendations to the Management The recommendations to the McDonald’s company management are as follows.

The company should take a proactive stance in regards to dealing with the issue of wages for its employees. Otherwise, the company will soon find itself under pressure from lobbyists and the government to increase employee wages.

The management of the company should work towards the development of measures to motivate employees in both monetary and non-monetary terms.

The company should not aim at meeting the living wage in the near term, but rather it should try to offer its employees better terms than its current competitors as it works towards meeting the living wage in the long term.

Conclusion The issue of a minimum wage versus a living wage is an interesting dimension in the development of remuneration packages. This case illustrates that the dream of lifting everyone out of poverty and dire economic circumstances is still a work in progress. There is still need to work out a way in which all citizens can enjoy a prosperous life.

Businesses are also in a dilemma between maximizing profits and offering their employees the best remuneration packages. There are answers to this problem. The solutions call for a clear direction in regards to compensation and benefits, followed by decisive action.

Reference List Ab Hamid, R. N. (2008). Consumers’ Behaviour Towards Internet Technology and Internet Marketing Tools. International Journal of Communications , 2 (3), 195-204.

Arson, E. W.,


Containerisation, International Transportation and Trade Report (Assessment) custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Origins and Development of Containerisation

Advantages of Containerisation

Impacts on International Transport and Trade Chains



Introduction Transportation has always been regarded as a crucial component of global commerce. For centuries, transportation managers and engineers had to use inefficient and expensive methods of transporting goods from one location to the other. This changed in the mid 1950s when the concept of modern containerisation was successfully implemented by an American entrepreneur. Since then, containerisation has led to a revolutionary change in the history of shipping technologies.

For these reasons, containerisation is hailed by many as the most significant and influential development in international transportation in modern times. This paper will set out to highlight the influences of containerisation with emphasis on the advantages that it has brought to trade. The paper will begin by providing a brief history of containerisation and its development over the years.

Origins and Development of Containerisation While there is no standard definition of containerisation, most definitions embody the idea of efficiency and the use of standard sized containers to carry goods. Strom (1972) defines containerisation as the idea of placing goods in relatively large box containers common to all modes of transportation and therefore increasing the ease of handling between origin and final destination.

Containerisation can trace its origins to the 1800’s when large ship operators used containers to protect cargo from seawater and the weather. Some railroad operators also offered services where wagons could be moved without transferring their contents (Lan


Social essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Major Contributors to the Field


Reference List

Introduction The field of public administration has been developed throughout decades. Various thinkers tried to identify the best structure and the role of public administration. Some of the most influential theorists are William F. Willoughby, Max Weber, Leonard D. White and Mary Parker Follett.

Major Contributors to the Field William F. Willoughby is one of the most prominent theorists who contributed greatly to the development of public administration. He thought that public administration could address all issues related to the government (Shafritz


Planning process in organization Report a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Introduction The business environment comprises of complex factors that require scrutiny before a decision is made concerning the environment. An organization must have a clear planning process in order to enhance its decision making. A clear planning process involves having an understanding of interrelated questions within a corporation.

Early organizational planning comprises of strategy drawing, where possible environmental occurrences are considered and an appropriate course of action is determined. Strategic planning seeks to maximize on the return of resources.

There is need to constantly devise a tactical approach through which objectives can be achieved since resources are limited and competition is high. Several theories enhance the decision making process in organizations. The success or failure of decision making either directly affects an organization through improved performance or worsens the overall performance.

Decisions require constant evaluation to enable an accurate and consistent appraisal. It helps in revealing existing gaps and determining their solutions to the benefit of the organization.

The business environment is continuously changing, thus keeping a close check through constant evaluation and re-evaluation provides the opportunity to identify gaps well in advance. An evaluation of decisions over time equally helps in identifying alternatives that enhance the organization’s ability to cushion against performance risks.

The Decision Making Process With the advent of globalization, market integration has been created through internationalization. Organizations, therefore, compete with each other for resources and market across the globe. Market consolidation and optimization must be achieved for organizations to succeed in such operation environments. Strategic flexibility must be created such that the organization can instantly change its course of action to suit an equally complex and fast changing business environment.

This is not an easy task because nobody fully understands what the external business environment will look like in the immediate future. Thus, although strategies may be formulated with the purpose of countering external environment changes, they may end up failing to capture the actual requirement needed to attain goals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To build strategic flexibility, a long-term commitment is needed towards developing, as well as nurturing important critical resources. I will struggle to create a learning organization that offers room for development of great skill in creating, acquiring, as well as transferring knowledge. Behavior modification within the organization must be achieved in order to replicate insights and knowledge about its operations and environment.

Particular problems afflicting an organization will remain to be of great concern as a way of integrating the learning process successfully. I will carry out experiments with new approaches with a view of improving the current approach, reflect on history and past experiences in order to learn from them, and be able to quickly transfer knowledge throughout the organization in an easy manner.

Strategic management My strategic management will involve four important elements that include environmental scanning, strategy formulation, evaluation and control, and strategy implementation.

My strategic decisions will focus on the future of the organization, beginning with evaluation of the current performance results, review of the corporate governance, and inspection and review of the external environment. Equally, an internal evaluation and review of the corporate environment are critical before carrying out an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats associated with the organization.

After exhausting the above activities, I will generate alternative strategies before evaluating each one of them to come up with the best alternative. This precedes the implementation phase, which is finally followed by the evaluation process. Strategic audit involves a systematic analysis of areas that encounter issues, including a question checklist comprising of the numerous functions and activities of the organization.

Management and the Decision Process My decision making mandate will include executing four major functions. Other than leading the organization, I will lay out plans that will steer the firm ahead. My role will also aim at controlling the firm, as well as playing the role of organizing.

I will continuously undertake the decision making process, where I will evaluate alternatives in order to achieve the set objective. The existing expectations concerning a given course of action will push my decision making into settling for the course of action that would most likely lead to goal attainment.

We will write a custom Report on Planning process in organization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More I realize that as a manager, I will be operating in a highly uncertain environment that includes fluctuation in currency exchange, change in the political platform, and competitive actions, among many other aspects (De Bruijn, Heuvelhof


Issues Facing Trans People In Organizations Problem Solution Essay college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction


Current Situation

Discussion and Recommendation


Works Cited

Introduction Majority of the people in the world embrace two genders; male and female. However, a small group of people in the society have a different opinion with regard to their gender with some believing themselves to be genderless or not belonging to any of the genders (Iyall, 2008). This is recognised as the third gender in the society. Research has shown that trans people in the society have, higher than average, academic qualifications compared to the rest.

Definition It is important to understand the definition of the several terms used in the description of the trans people in the society. Firstly, trans people defines a category of people who believe in having multiple or no genders (Whittle, 2000). Secondly, the trans people can also be defined as cross dressers as most of them prefer dressing with cloths from the opposite genders (Blackless, 2006).

Current Situation Research findings in the United Kingdom by the Endangered Penalties reveal that between 2009 and 2012, about three to five hundred thousand (300,000 to 500,000) people experienced a degree of gender variance (Gooren, 2008). Out of these, six thousand (6,000) have already undertaken a gender transition (Gooren, 2008).

The low number of individuals opting for reversal of their roles as compared to the high number of individuals with gender variations is attributed to stigmatization and alienation (Baranyi, 2009).

Although organizations have been in the front line in creating non-discriminating policies against sexual orientation, some organizations have not implemented such measures. Exxon Mobil Company is an example of a company that has amended its policies to ensure that none of its employees are trans gender. According to the company’s website, this is to protect its corporate image in the business society, as well as, protect its employees from discrimination.

Discussion and Recommendation Trans people are exposed to personal and sexual harassment in their work place settings. A very common case is where they are not allowed to use restrooms of their preferred gender (Whittle, 2000). They become subjects of discussion and endless gossip from their workmates.

These may wound their self esteem leading to the rise in conflicts cases as the trans people advocate for their rights. In some cases, employers deny the trans people their benefits and promotions on the basis of the gender variations. In addition, some end up losing their jobs after performing the transition surgery or after their bosses discover their condition of gender variation (Baranyi, 2009).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More An organization that is keen on upholding the rights of trans people should review its employment procedures and policies. During the recruitment process, gender should not be used as a determinant for the candidates as this may have adverse effects on the trans people (Whittle, 2000). Organisations should also amend their policies to recognize the trans people as they too have the right to employment (Whittle, 2000).

Microsoft Corporation is one of the leading companies that has incorporated the Gender Recognition Act of 2004 into its policies. In 2011, Microsoft announced that it had incorporated 1,300 trans gender employees in most of its branches around the world. This prompted other companies to accept the trans gender employees such as Google and Apple, which have also incorporated the Gender Recognition Act of 2004 into their own management policies.

Conclusion Many people take their gender orientation lightly, which is not the case for the trans people who believe in gender sensitivity. When focusing on academic qualification, the trans people are considered to be highly qualified.

However, they suffer from high rates of unemployment that is escalated from stigmatization and alienation from employers and colleagues in work places. To cater for this, organizations should put in place procedures and policies that recognize the trans people; thus giving them equal employment opportunities.

Works Cited Baranyi, Rothenhäusler. “Male-to-female transsexualism. Sex reassignment surgery from a biopsychosocial perspective.” Wien Med Wochenschr 15.9 (2009): 548-557. Print.

Blackless, Sutter. “Atypical Gender Development-A Review.” International Journal of Transgenderism 9.1 (2006): 29-41. Print.

Gooren, Eliasson. “Long-term treatment of transsexuals with cross-sex hormones: extensive personal experience.” J Clin Endocrinol Metab 32.5 (2008): 19-25. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on Issues Facing Trans People In Organizations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Iyall, Smith. Hybrid identities: theoretical and empirical examinations, New York, NY: Penguin, 2008. Print.

Whittle, More. Reclaiming Genders: Transsexual Grammars at the Fin de Siecle, London, UK: Cassell, 2000. Print.


Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence in Different Areas Analytical Essay college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction: Interest in EI

Defining the Concept

Major Components of EI

EI in Different Fields


Reference List

Introduction: Interest in EI Emotional intelligence (EI) has been discussed for two decades so far. Stough et al. (2009) note that the interest in EI has increased recently and the concept of EI has been applied to a variety of fields including workplace, psychiatry, neuroscience, education, health, cross-culture and sport. For instance, Cassady and Boseck (2008) consider a variety of ways to apply the concept in psychology.

Brackett et al. (2011) also stress that researchers exploit the concept of EI in various areas and this usability has created a need in defining the concept. Notably, there are different approaches to defining EI as each definition addresses peculiarities of a particular field. Researchers also focus on different characteristics of EI. Remarkably, the most heated debate is concerned with use of EI in different areas.

Defining the Concept In the first place, it is necessary to note that the definitions provided by the researchers share the idea that EI is associated with people’s cognition and intelligence. Thus, Caruso (2008, p. 2) claims that, in terms of the ability model, EI is “a standard intelligence”, while according to Mayer-Salovey approach it is a form of the intelligence as “reasoning and thinking operate on emotional information”.

Gardenswartz et al. (2010) provide a more complete definition which addresses the issues concerning diversity. The researchers claim that EI is “the ability to feel, understand, articulate, manage, and apply the power of emotions to interactions across lines of difference” (Gardenswartz et al., 2010, p. 76).

Clearly, the definitions focus on the same characteristic of EI, i.e. the ability to perceive certain kind of information. The major distinctive feature of EI is that it is concerned with emotions, unlike the intelligence which is associated with processing facts and stimuli.

Major Components of EI Researchers claim that EI is complex and consists of a number of components. Wharam (2009) stresses that acceptance and awareness are some of the major parts of EI. The researcher emphasises that it is crucial to be able to recognise and accept one’s emotions to be able to control them. Hughes et al. (2011) also point out that acceptance is essential, but the researchers bring to the fore fifteen ‘competencies’ of EI.

Thus, the researchers claim that EI is impossible without self-regard, emotional self-awareness, assertiveness, independence, self-actualisation, empathy, social responsibility, interpersonal relationships, stress tolerance, impulse control, reality testing, flexibility, problem solving, optimism and happiness (Hughes et al., 2011).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cleraly, Hughes et al. (2011) and Wharam (2009) share the opinion that awareness and acceptance are central to EI. However, the former provide a more complete set of EI components.

EI in Different Fields As has been mentioned above, EI is rather well-defined and researched. It has also been considered in terms of its usability in various settings. For instance, Barbey et al. (2012) focus on the use of EI in neuroscience. The researchers argue that EI can be measured and studied as any other type of intelligence, e.g. with the help of tests similar to IQ tests. Cassady and Boseck (2008) note that the concept of EI has a variety of implications in psychology.

Numerous researchers focus on development of certain strategies to develop EI in patients. Importantly, the use of EI in education has become a topic of a lasting debate. Thus, Waterhouse (2006) stresses that the theory of EI is still only yet to be researched properly and it can be harmful to implement it in education. The researcher claims that educators are not ready to teach children emotional intelligence as even the theory has far too many gaps.

At the same time, Colverd and Hodgkin (2011) are optimistic about EI and provide a number of strategies to develop emotional intelligence in primary school students. The researchers stress that children should be taught to cope with various situations and well-developed EI will help them do it. The researchers also claim that children should start being aware of their emotions at an early age.

Hughes et al. (2011) also believe that people can and should be taught to develop their EI. The researchers also provide particular strategies to help people develop EI. Notably, the researchers help people apply their skills in a variety of settings (every-day life, workplace, etc.). Brackett et al. (2011) consider the application of EI in workplace and social life. Admittedly, development of EI is now regarded as one of the ways to become a successful member of the society.

Conclusion On balance, it is possible to state that emotional intelligence is one of the most disputed issues in the academic world. Researchers are trying to define, describe and apply EI in various settings. Notably, there are opponents to the extensive use of the theory of EI as some researchers argue that there are too many gaps yet to be filled.

Nonetheless, it is clear that there is already certain understanding of what emotional intelligence is and how to use it in different settings. Admittedly, further research is needed to be sure that the strategies which are being worked out are effective.

We will write a custom Essay on Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence in Different Areas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List Barbey, A.k., Colom, R., and Grafman, J. (2012). Distributed neural system for emotional intelligence revealed by lesion mapping. Retrieved from Cogn Affect Neurosci-2012-Barbey-scan_nss124.pdf

Brackett, M.A., Rivers, S.E., and Salovey, P. (2011). Emotional intelligence: Implications for personal, social, academic, and workplace success. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(1), 88-103.

Caruso, D.R. (2008). Emotions and the ability model of emotional intelligence. In Emmerling, R.J., Shanwal, V.K., and Mandal, M.K. (Eds.). Emotional intelligence: Theoretical and cultural perspectives (pp. 1-16). New York, NY: Nova Publishers.

Cassady, J.C., and Boseck, J.J. (2008). Educational psychology and emotional intelligence: Toward a functional model for emotional information processing in schools. In Cassady, J.C., and Eissa, M.A. (Eds.). Emotional intelligence: Perspectives from educational and positive psychology (pp. 3-25). New York, NY: Peter Lang.

Colverd, S.,


Business Strategy: Clipboard tablet Co. Case Study scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Overture The Clipboard tablet Co. has been selling three tablet models namely: X5, X6 and X7 for the past 5 years. The company’s organizational analysis through the use of CVP analysis shows the development of certain strategies aimed at making the company competitive.

As the company moves into the future, there is a need to review strategies deployed in the past to move the company into the future. As a result, this report intends to analyze past strategies used in time warp 4 and 5 to come up with a conclusive strategy for the future.

Analysis Clipboard Tablet Co., in the year 2016, will have two models of tablets for sale in the market. This is because the company will have to come up with a new tablet model, which will most likely be the X8. This tablet model will aim at replacing the X5 and X6 models which will be phased out because of changing market dynamics. Based on the past CVP analysis and strategies deployed within time warp 3, we notice certain aspects of the company that will be greatly affected and reviewed as follows:

Product Development

In the process of undertaking CVP analysis under time warp 3, we notice that sales units of X5 and X6 phones were on the decline since the year 2012. These tablet models were performing dismally compared to the newly introduced tablet model of X7. The CVP analysis results indicated that the sales and popularity of the X5 and X6 models were declining and thus there was a need for development of a new tablet model.

Finances and resources used in the development of the old X5 and X6 models would be channelled into the development of new products. This is because the popularity and demand of the old models have been sluggish. For instance, in SLP 3 during the CVP analysis, we notice that the demand for X6 tablet dropped by 50% from the year 2013 to 2014 (Drury, 2011).

As a result, the company should develop a new clone model or a new tablet in order to recover sales lost through the dwindling sales of the X5 and X6 models. The tablet industry is a highly competitive and technological industry and therefore, trends do change swiftly and easily.

As a result, Clipboard tablet Co. needs to change its product line swiftly to meet with the changes occurring in the industry (Stice, 2010). Product development should be a priority in this industry and the company needs to come up with the new tablets to replace its ageing product line.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Revenues

Under SLP 4, the Clipboard Tablet Co.’s major strategy was to increase revenues in order to meet market demand and organizational goals. In terms of revenue increase, the company was advised to reduce expenditure and costs on X5 and X6 models, so as to price the tablets at a lower cost for consumers to purchase it.

Moreover, additional costs and finances should be dedicated to the marketing and sale of the X7 model so that the tablet can contribute significantly to the revenues of the company. Coming up with different pricing models will ensure that the company gets the best price for its tablets. For instance, due to increased demand, the company should increase the sale price for its X7 model and lower the prices for its ageing models of X5 and X6 tablets.

It is imperative that the company is shielded from unnecessary losses that occur due to loss making products (Cafferky, 2010). As a result, the company should cut down on its costs and increase costs only when revenue increases. Under SLP3, we noticed that the company’s revenue were declining at a fast pace compared to expenditure of the company. As a result, the company needs to undertake a lot of cost cutting measures.

For instance, in the year 2012, the company had expenditures to the tune of $ 546mn while revenues were $ 1.32bn. The same trend was witnessed in 2013, when the company spent around $ 664mn while the revenues of the company stood at $ 1.32bn.


The Company spent a lot of money on the development and production of the three tablets. For instance, in the year 2012, the company spent over $ 700mn as operational costs. The profits for 2012 stood at over $ 400mn and this figure did not change drastically in the year 2013 as profits stood at $ 356mn. The R


Analysis of Whole Foods Market’s feedback loops Case Study college application essay help

The industry in which Whole Foods Market operates is very competitive. It is a fact that this firm has managed this competition very well by creating a niche in the market and developing special products for this niche. However, it is important for the management to realize that success is a process that requires an understanding of the prevailing conditions and making relevant changes whenever this is necessary.

The environment has been very dynamic due to various changes brought about by various forces. The market is heavily affected by political, economic, social and technological forces which continue to change quite often. According to Kratschmer (2011), technology has changed various factors in the production process, their transportation and marketing strategies.

There has also been a change in the political leadership in this country. The changing socioeconomic factors in the United States also have direct impact on the operations of this firm. For the firm to be successful, it must find a way through which it can respond to these forces in a way that would help it become stronger than its competitors in the market.

This organization must be able to learn new better ways and identify opportunities in the market by having a system that would relay a feedback about various forces in the market. This paper involves analyzing Whole Foods Market’s feedback loops and organizational learning opportunities. This research study will focus on the reinforcing loop and balancing loop that play off within this firm to enhance its growth.

Reinforcing Loop According to Spulber (2007), reinforcing loop mostly take place without the knowledge of the relevant stakeholders. This scholar says that there are some effects that have a compounding impact when they are allowed to take place. Reinforcing loop can have a positive or negative impact on a firm depending on its nature.

This scholar says that this effect may start mildly that the management may not realize. It may come to their knowledge when it is too late or when the effect has created massive impact. At Whole Foods Market, this has been witnessed. The growth of market share of this firm may be considered as a reinforcing loop. Whole Foods Market was founded in 1980 by John Mackey.

When he started this firm, Mackey did not have a lot of resources to fight the giant firms that had already developed in the market by that time. However, this entrepreneur knew what the market wanted and was determined to offer exactly that. According to Morecroft (2007), it is always more difficult to retain customers than it is to make them have their first purchase.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is because there are cases where a customer would be left with no choice but to make a purchase at the store because of limited choices. Other customers would also be interested in making their first purchase on the basis of their curiosity. However, retaining a customer requires a deep understanding of the market, and the ability of the concerned firm to convince the market that what it offers is the best.

The growth of the market share can be attributed to the dedication that the management and employees of this firm had towards satisfying their customers. It was mentioned that a reinforcing loop has a compounding effect. It actually works in the same manner as interest and principal. As the rate of interest increases, so will the principal. The increased interest will be added to the principal who will in turn increase the interest. If this circle is not put to an end, the principal will massively increase.

This is the same thing that has been happening with the market share of this firm. At first, Whole Foods Market did not have a solid customer base that it could consider loyal. However, the management did not focus on growing its market share.

The management and all the employees focused on offering value to the customers whenever they visited their outlet. The management was keen to understand market needs and offer products which meet their needs. As they did this, a virtuous cycle was being created.

A customer who got satisfied with the service of the firm would become a loyal customer of Whole Foods Market. Their loyalty would not stop with making regular purchase at this store. The customers would invite other customers to come and share the thrilling experience at this firm. One of the factors that attracted customers to this firm was their conviction towards delivering products that are healthy to consumers and their insistence on protecting the health of their patients.

One customer would invite another, the invited customer would invite another and the chain would continue. Although the management of this firm used advertising to market their brand and product offering in the market, one of the main factors that propelled this firm towards its current success was the evangelism that its customers involved in after making a purchase from its stores.

This reinforcing loop effect has also enabled this firm expand rapidly in the European market. This is a confirmation to ABC Company that Whole Foods Market is a firm that is destined for more success in future.

We will write a custom Case Study on Analysis of Whole Foods Market’s feedback loops specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Balancing Loop According to Dettmer (2007), balancing loop is always very important towards ensuring that a firm grows in the market. In an organization, growth is only common when the management can set a desired goal that should be achieved within a particular time. Setting a new stated- also referred to as the desired state- involves a number of activities. It always starts by understanding the current state of the organization. It is only possible to set a desired state when the current state is known.

When this is done, it would then need the concerned authority to determine the desired state. This would mean that the management would create a gap between the current state and the desired state. When this is done, then there will be the movement from the current state to the desired state in a bid to eliminate the gap created. Several factors have happened within this organization that can trace their development through balancing loop.

However, one of the striking factors has been goal setting and the behavior that always accompanies this. There has been a massive controversy over the health effects of genetically modified foods. A section of the market believes that genetically modified foods are very safe for consumption, while the other section believes that such foods are very harmful in the long run.

The management of Whole Foods Market has been concerned with this issue. In 2010, the management of this firm started a research into this issue with an aim of coming up with a finding that would help determine the right path that this firm should take. The report was finally compiled on March 2013. In this report, the team tasked with this function first defined the current state of this firm.

The team realized that there are some states where Whole Foods Market was stocking genetically modified foods while in others it did not. It all depended on the laws of that particular state and the general perception of the public towards these foods. The next step was to determine the desired state.

The team realized that the desired state was not to eliminate the genetically modified foods from their stores, but to label them as a way of alerting the customers that what they are buying is genetically modified.

The management realized that for this to be achieved, there had to be a change of attitude of employees towards genetically modified foods. Originally, the firm had created a culture where people within this firm believed that genetically modified food was not good.

This attitude had to change in order to achieve a change of behavior of the employees towards this type of food. To achieve this, the management launched an internal awareness campaign to help employees change their behavior towards genetically modified foods.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of Whole Foods Market’s feedback loops by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The desired state was to change the behavior of the employees towards genetically modified foods in order to convince them that these foods could be sold to customers who considered them good for consumption. The only responsibility of this firm would be to inform its customers that they were genetically modified. This change of attitude of the employees has helped this firm achieve its goals in the market.

References Dettmer, H. (2007). The logical thinking process: A systems approach to complex problem solving. Milwaukee: ASQ Quality Press.

Kratschmer, P. (2011). Organizational Culture is Highly Resistant to Change. New York: GRIN Verlag.

Morecroft, J. (2007). Strategic modeling and business dynamics: A feedback systems approach. Chichester: Wiley


Analysis of Whole Foods Market using Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model Case Study best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Performance of Whole Foods Market at the Organizational Level

Performance of Whole Foods Market at Group Level

Performance of Whole Foods Market at Individual Level


Introduction Whole Foods Markets has been very successful, and the previous analysis has shown that this firm has the capacity to increase its productivity if it continues with its current positive trend. According to Coulter (2009), it is possible to determine if a firm is on the right path by analyzing its current strategies and future plans. It is apparent that Whole Foods Market has a management that has mastered the market trends.

This firm has shown a strong indication that it has a capacity to meet the expectations of the market in a special way, making it one of the most preferred firms in this industry. However, for ABC company to be sure that Whole Foods Market is a firm worth investing in, it must have a detailed analysis of the firm. It must go beyond a simple analysis of the current market share and productivity of the firm.

This is because there are cases where a firm may exaggerate its capacity in order to attract investors. In other cases, management would create a scenario where investors would believe that the firm has a large market share while in real sense that may not be true.

For this reason, it is always important to have a surety of the real capacity of the firm by using all possible tools. In this study, the researcher will continue analyzing Whole Foods Market using Nadler- Tushman Congruence Model. This tool will help in analyzing the output of this firm in the market and the congruence of different performance elements.

Performance of Whole Foods Market at the Organizational Level According to Richardson (2006), when analyzing the performance of an organization, care should always be taken to determine some of the factors that are indicators of performance. For instance, an analysis of performance can be conducted to determine the output of a firm. The output can help determine the performance of an organization.

It is also possible to determine the profitability of the firm without putting emphasis on productivity. Others may also want to determine this performance by analyzing the productivity of factors of production. In this case, the analysis will be done on the output of the organization.

Whole Foods Market is one of the leading grocery outlets and has positioned itself as a provider of healthy foods. The main goal of this firm has been to provide its customers with food considered healthy at reasonable prices and to increase its market share in this niche in the United States and Europe. The management of this firm realized that with the emergent of many diseases associated with unhealthy eating, the middle and upper class members of the society are becoming conscious of what they eat.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These two groups, which make the main market share of this firm, have been looking for foods considered as healthy. This is what this firm has set to deliver in the market. Considering the productivity of this firm, it is true that there is high congruence between the output of this firm and the set goals.

According to Anderson (2012), Whole Foods Market is one of the supermarkets that are trusted in the United States to offer foodstuffs that are recommended by doctors for their health benefits. For instance, some of the leading supermarkets in the United States have been stocking genetically modified foods despite the controversy that surrounds such foods. Whole Foods Market has jeopardized its profitability by avoiding such foods in its stores in most of the states in this country.

For the states that have supported such foods, this supermarket has been keen to label its products in order to make its consumers aware of what it is providing. This has helped the firm develop a strong trust with the customers. It is an assurance that this firm cannot sell products considered harmful to its customers.

The congruency between the output and the goal of the firm can be attributed to the achieved congruency of its culture and structure. The management has created a culture where foods considered as unhealthy are shunned from the stores of this firm. It has made everyone to believe that stocking unhealthy foods is an equivalent to direct attack on their highly valued customers. This culture emphasizes on the long lasting relationship between the firm and its customers.

Selling to them food that may put them at risk would be like sending them away from the firm. This culture is highly congruent with the structure within the firm. The shelves at this firm do not stock food considered unhealthy as they have been struck off from the list of inventories.

The management has also set up a system where all the stocks are tested to determine if they are in the right condition for consumption. This has earned this firm a great admiration in the market because customers have come to believe that Whole Foods Market is not just focused on profit generation, but also on the well-being of its customers.

Performance of Whole Foods Market at Group Level An analysis of Whole Foods Market can be done from a number of fronts. According to Nadler (1977), there are different groups that exist in an organization, and care should always be taken when selecting the groups. This scholar says that within an organization, the groups can be selected based on the managerial level. In this case, there will be three groups which include the top management, middle management and the junior employees.

We will write a custom Case Study on Analysis of Whole Foods Market using Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Whole Foods Market has a clear structure of leadership which can be analyzed. Another approach can be on the basis of the departments within the organization. In this case, the departments can be finance, marketing, procurement and logistics, production, research and extension among other departments. For a firm with global coverage, the groups can be considered as the regions in which the firm operates. In the case of Whole Foods Market, this can be the United States and European markets.

In this case, the groups will be taken as the managerial units. As was mentioned earlier, this will give three groups, which are the top management, middle management and junior employees. It is important to analyze the output of these three groups and determine how congruent they are with the organizational goals.

The top management of this firm is responsible for making policies that help in running the organization. Besides making these policies, they have the responsibility to ensure that these policies are applied successfully within the firm in order to yield the desired result. The top management therefore, has the responsibility of making the middle managers understand these policies in order to make their implementation a reality.

The output of the top management can be considered to be highly congruent with the goals of the firm. This is because it has managed to develop policies that would ensure that Whole Foods Market continue to deliver quality healthy products in the market without overemphasizing on instant profitability.

This output is demonstrated in the continuous delivery of healthy food by this firm in a market where other firms are focused on quick profitability.

The second group of middle managers has also managed to give an output that is congruent with the goals of the firm. According to Nadler (1977), the middle managers are always very important in the implementation of policies. They are responsible for making non management employees implement policies that are formulated by the top management.

Their output has been congruent to the goals of this firm to the extent that this group has been able to influence actions of the junior employees towards achieving the objectives of the firm. The middle managers have worked closely with the top managers and junior employees to ensure that there is smooth information flow from top managers to the employees and from employees to the top management.

The third group has been the junior employees. These are the ambassador of Whole Foods Market. When a customer visits an outlet of this firm, it is the junior employees who will serve them. The customers and junior employees are always in constant contact and the impression given by these employees would be taken as a reflection of the entire firm. This group’s output has been marvelous. Junior employees have been working closely to ensure that they meet the set objectives of the firm.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of Whole Foods Market using Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They know that the firm is focused on delivering healthy food to the customers. To achieve this, the employees have been keen on inspecting the shelves to ensure that products stocked are in good shape. They have also been very active in various other assignments which have helped this firm attain a positive image in the market.

Performance of Whole Foods Market at Individual Level The output at individual level within this firm has been congruent with the goals of this firm. The firm has employed performance contract at individual level in order to determine the output of the employees. The performance contract has been developed in line with the goals of this firm. This means that every individual within this firm must appreciate the need to achieve a particular goal in order to help the firm achieve its overall goal.

From the top management to the junior most employees, there is a clear task that is assigned to them, and an output set that should be realized after a given period. The performance is always determined at the end of the financial year. This has helped improve the overall performance of this firm because every individual works hard to achieve the set goals.

By developing specific output for every employee, it has become possible for this firm to align the objectives of individual employees to that of the entire organization. Achieving this congruency between goals of individual employees and that of the firm has helped Whole Foods Market meet its objectives in the market with a lot of ease.

References Anderson, D. L. (2012). Organization development: The process of leading organizational change. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Coulter, M. (2009). Strategic Management in Action. New York: Pearson Higher Education.

Nadler, D. (1977). A congruence model for diagnosing organizational behavior. New York: Columbia University, Graduate School of Business.

Richardson, M. E. (2006). Organizational diagnosis: Using the congruence model as the theoretical framework in a complex organization. New York: Wiley


Weekly Journal: Public Administration Compare and Contrast Essay essay help free: essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Major Theorists


Reference List

Introduction Public administration focuses on the functioning of public service and its relations with people. Numerous theorists analyzed different facets of public administration and contributed greatly to the development of the discipline. Thus, Wilson, Goodnow, Addams and Taylor are some of the most influential theorists who made a profound contribution to the development of the public administration.

Major Theorists Woodrow Wilson is one of the most influential theorists in public administration. He believed it was crucial to divide administration from politics (Shafritz


Talent Management Strategy: TriStar Logistics Evaluation Essay essay help

TriStar Logistics distinguishes the need to make appropriate plans in advance its staff and the collective expertise that is involved. The commitment of the company focuses on developing the full potential of individual employees so that they may attain their own career aspirations, while maximizing on the value that TriStar Logistics offers to its clientele.

Objectives of the ‘Talent Management Strategy’ We will see to it that only the very best personnel is employed and retained at Tri-Star Logistics. This will be of great benefit to the company. We also intend to have the guarantee that TriStar Logistics’ clients will receive the greatest benefit out of being served by the top quality skills and talent that can be found in the market.

We intend to enhance the commitment of our employees by availing to them numerous opportunities in order that their own career goals and aspirations can be fulfilled (Armstrong, 2008).

The significant positions and roles in the organization shall be staffed with the necessary staff, and TriStar Logistics shall continuously seek to achieve positive transformation by strictly adhering to the set out employment equity goals. The strategy shall target to offer a channel through which internal skills and talents can be developed such that the future human resource can be achieved by way of internal promotions.

The Key Components of the Talent Management Tri-Star seeks to achieve a strategic recognition as an “Employer of Choice”. The company will achieve this status by undertaking effective branding, remunerating its employees competitively, and achieving leadership in its operations. The company will physically demonstrate this commitment by targeting to list itself among the leading 15 Best Employer Companies competition.

Roles and positions at TriStar Logistics will strictly be filled in a fair and transparent manner, while adhering to the equitable processes of employment set out by the company. A clear success criterion will define the entire mission’s critical positions at the company, on the basis of which decisions on appointment will be made.

Assessing the suitability of people to determine their potential to work in specific roles and positions will rely on much information in order to highlight on our objective measures (Ensley et al, 2010).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People having unique and important skills will follow through a career path where technical specialty will be involved. However, decisions on this will be arrived at based on individual employer’s skills and intended aspirations.

Personal learning plans will be established for all the key staff, with the main objective being to facilitate their current performance and increase their ability to handle future obligations (Armstrong, 2008). A formal monitoring mechanism will be established as a way of ensuring full implementation of the decisions.

Key employees who possess critical leadership potential will be offered the opportunity to serve in different roles in order that they may build a broader experience. Consistency will be achieved in potential evaluation by establishing panels that will act as the formal structure (Silzer


Fire Safety in the Health Care System Research Paper college essay help: college essay help

Abstract It is critical for all healthcare facilities to have in place an intact fire alarm and sprinkler systems. Healthcare facilities are at a greater risk of experiencing fire incidences because of the highly inflammable substances that are used in hospital laboratories. Automatic fire alarm systems have either smoke or heat detectors that sense the presence of the smoke and heat respectively and sound the alarm to alert occupants to evacuate.

They are connected to the fire department, where the alarm signal is simultaneously sent for immediate response. Fire detectors must be located in all the areas of the hospital to enhance their effectiveness. Sirens, bells, or horns can relay the alarm signal, and need to be strategically located in the hospital where the signals can be heard or seen with ease. The sprinkler system should also be automatic in its response to fire outbreaks. The automation is effected by the valve ends at each pipe opening.

The valves are made of heat-sensitive materials. In the presence of heat, the valves expand and the water contained in the pipes is released immediately. Sprinkler systems should at all times have water within the pipe networks. The system is highly effective as only valves near the heat will open up to release water, while the others will remain intact.

The fire safety system should be constantly checked to repair damages and failures. Workers in the healthcare facility must also have appropriate training on how to react in the event of a fire outbreak. Trainings should also involve informing workers on ways of reducing fire accidents within the facility.

Introduction Health care facilities, just like any other institutions and facilities require proper arrangements and systems in place to help cushion them from the threat of fire outbreaks. Healthcare institutions often include laboratory tasks, which involve working with flammable liquids as well as other hazardous substances.

These conditions and substances of operations increase fire threats faced by the institutions. This paper seeks to discuss fire safety within the healthcare system, with particular focus on alarms and sprinkler systems that are used to enhance safety.

Discussion of Subject Fire Alarm System

A fire alarm system installed within a healthcare facility must be able to accomplish the four most important functions or reactions. Firstly, it should be able to detect fire presence. Once the detection is done, it should accomplish the rest of the obligations, which include notifying the occupants, notifying the fire department, as well as be able to perform other safety functions such as releasing the magnetically held smoke doors (Gagnon, 2007).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The fire detection mechanism of the alarm system mainly uses special smoke or heat detectors. The specially designed heat detector will sense the development almost immediately when the heat within the vicinity of a healthcare facility increases as a result of fire outbreak.

The smoke detectors also operate in the same fashion, whereby they sense when smoke fills the area. Smoke detectors must be placed on some raised location, possibly on the ceiling, to be able to speedily detect smoke in the event of a fire incident.

Fire alarm systems can either be designed using ionization smoke detectors or photoelectric smoke detectors. Healthcare facilities should consider using alarm systems made of both types of detectors because they assure greater safety for the patients (Solomon, 2013). This suggestion is based on the fact that ion detectors have a faster sensing ability of a flaming fire, while photoelectric detectors are highly efficient in detecting smoldering fire.

It is important that both types of detectors are installed to ensure maximum security and safety because a healthcare facility is at risk of facing any of the two fire types (Solomon, 2013). The location of the fire detectors on the healthcare facility should be done such that a greater area is covered in order to increase their efficiency in operations.

Notifying Occupants

Once the effective heat and smoke detectors sense the presence of a fire, the fire alarm system should produce enough sound as a means of attracting the attention of occupants. This signals the fact that an evacuation mission is necessary. Several apparatus can be used to relay the alarm situation, either simultaneously or separately.

These apparatus include sirens, horns, bells, as well as stroboscopic lights together with speakers. The sound and visual alert appliances are equally of great importance as the fire detectors. In essence, their location should also be as strategic as possible in order for everyone within the facility, and in some instances even those in the vicinity, to be alerted of the impending danger.

The system also automatically notifies the fire department. This should be done as speedily as possible in order to minimize any damages or losses that may result from the fire (Mills


Sport Governance Issue Report (Assessment) cheap essay help

Professional sports and the use of performance enhancing substances has been a matter of the more recent times. A larger number of major events have special committees that check for any illegal drugs taken by athletes, but sometimes, there are controversies that require a much closer look.

Even though it might seem that it is players or athlete’s personal decision to intake any illegal substance, the case of Essendon illustrates that players are not always directly involved or motivated to break regulations.

Essendon and its players are one example of a case where many factors have played a role in the matter. The ASADA has started an investigation of an intake of illegal substance by the coach and the football team. The primary issue pertains to the laws and regulations in accordance with other teams and organizations (Glory