Table of Contents Introduction
Online Transaction Processing (OLTP)
Online analytical processing (OLAP)
Introduction Quite a number of businesses have adopted the use of information systems in the recent past in a bid to shun data loss and enhance service delivery. This has then resulted to the creation of databases. They are accessed according to the coherent structures in which the information contained therein is presented.
This paper is meant to give a comprehensive review of four database structures for varied departments and how they are significant to the organization. It also seeks to explain how these database structures may be articulated to foresee an improvement in business performance and rational business-related decisions.
It is imperative that the four functional departments are mentioned before stating the database structures and the effects they would have on the departments if implemented appropriately. The departments include:-
The four departments mentioned above are the most outstanding sections of an organization. This is because they incorporate service delivery, product production, sales and employee welfare. The four database structures selected for this analysis include:-
Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) – This structure is used in the collection and analysis of data. It is also used in updating current data.
Online analytical processing (OLAP) – This structure, on the other hand, assists in the manipulation of data in order to enhance decision making processes (Chatterjee, 2010).
Data dictionary: – this plays an imperative role in the process of data mining. It is meant to define the nature and category of information.
Integrity constraints: – this ensures that information keyed in is reliable and correct.
Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) In the customer service department, for instance, OLTP can be use to trace all customer-to-organization transactions in order to customize customer experience in the event that they make a return. In the world today, customers only want to associate themselves with institutions where they are provided with customized services according to their individual preferences (Chatterjee, 2010).
In the quest to hold onto customers, organizations have since devised methods of keeping their clients through this system. In human resource, on the other hand, OLTP can play an imperative role in motivating employees to offer their very best in whatever they do for the organization.
Employees too require customized treatment in order to feel welcomed. It is only through this that a company may be able to maximize its objectives (Teorey,
Racial/ Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care among U.S. Adolescents Qualitative Research Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
This article is primarily a review of already existing data from a study carried out by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The NSCH offers national and state evaluations of a variety of behavioral, emotional, and physical health indicators. This is evident as the article depends upon or puts reliance on secondary data obtained from the national survey on children’s health.
Secondary researchers do not carry out their own data collection. They rely on data from other secondary sources such as journal reviews, book reviews, and document like the population census and other researches. This article uses a historical research, which involves the analysis and statistical assessment of data that were originally sourced for other purposes (Lau, Lin
Las Vegas Sands Corporation Term Paper college essay help online
Executive Summary History
Las Vegas Sands Corporation was formerly called Sands Hotel in the early years of 1970s, Adelson and his partners acquired Sands hotel in the year of 1989 at a cost of more than $ 800 million.
A year after the acquisition of Sand Hotel, Adelson and his partners opened the Sands Expo and Conventional Centre from the profits generated by the Sands Hotel. In the year 1996, stiff competition from other hotels in Las Vegas Strip forced Sands Hotel to seek for new markets in Venice, which had less competition and a more serene environment (Sands 2).
Traditionally, hotels used to keep few guest rooms; the main aim was to encourage guests to spend more time in casinos and bar lodge, however, Las Vegas Sands Hotels had more hotel rooms, which were furnished with gorgeous furniture, large screen televisions, and big workspace, this created a paradigm in Las Vegas hospitality industry.
In the year of 2004, Las Vegas Sands Incorporation saw a potential market in Asia and opened a branch at Macao; this branch was branded Sands Macao. In the same year, Las Vegas Incorporation was renamed to Las Vegas Sand Corporation in 2004 (Sands 2).
In the year of 2008, there was a global financial crisis, which at some point saw Las Vegas Sands Corp. loss $ 1,000 per second, and its stock fell by 57 % within a period of 52 weeks. In the year 2009, the hotel opened a new branch branded Sands Casino Resort in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
In the year of 2010, Las Vegas Sand opened Marina Bay Sands in Singapore; Singapore had a stiff competition from other hotels, however, Marina Bay Sands posted an operating profit of $ 600 million in the first 8 months after commencing its business.
At the beginning of the year of 2012, Las Vegas Sands opened a branch called sands Cotai Central in Macao. Currently Las Vegas Sands investigates the possibility of growing to other countries such as Spain, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan, India, Madrid, Thailand, and South Korea (Sands 4).
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Las Vegas Sands Corp. offers quite a wide range of products and services to its customers; these products and services include accommodation, bars, entertainment, shopping, and dinning. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has build an air strip which holds ninety Boeing and 747 jumbo jets, exhibition centers in Asia which can hold 15,000 people, and a 550,000 square foot gambling casino.
Additionally, the Sand Casino Resort in Bethlehem provides a perfect gaming centre, Sands Sky Park offers a lush vegetation, several restaurants, infinity swimming pool, conference rooms, and observation deck, and lastly Marina Bay Sands has an Art Science Museum, which is lotus-inspired (Sands 4).
Las Vegas Sands Corp. has grown to a big empire, its size can be estimated by the use of the financial records, its properties, and its employees. Las Vegas Sands Corp. properties in United States are two AAA Five Diamond luxury Resorts build along the Las Vegas Strip: The Palazzo and The Venetian Las Vegas.
The Sands Expo is in The Palazzo and Venetian Resorts. Sands Bethlehem in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania is another property of Las Vegas Sands Corp and it occupies 126 acres, it is in United States. In Asia, Las Vegas Sands Corp. owns the Iconic Marina Bay Sands in Singapore.
In China, Las Vegas Sands Corp. through its subsidiary that is, China Sands owns more properties in Macao, China. These properties include The Venetian Macao, The Sands Macao, The Plaza Macao, and Four Seasons Hotel Macao, Sands Cotai Central, Conrad, Sheraton, and Holiday Inn hotels.
This shows how Las Vegas Sands hotel has grown because it has a big territory with huge markets extended to almost each major tourist’s destinations to net each tourist.
Market targeting involves selecting a specific class of clients, which a corporate aims its goods and services at. Las Vegas Sands Corp. targets the markets, which are romantic in nature and attract couples for their honeymoon or provide a serene relaxing environment.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Las Vegas Sands Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Las Vegas Sands Corp. targets both local and international markets; local markets are the markets in the country of its origin. The local markets and branches include Las Vegas, which is a city in America.
International markets include Asia, Europe, Venice in Italy, China, Singapore, Spain, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan, India, Madrid, Thailand, South Korea, Sands Expo, Sands Macao, Palazzo Las Vegas, Boulevard Las Vegas, Venetian Macao, Sands Casino Resort in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and Marina Bay Sands.
Competition Business competition is rivalry between two or more sellers offer the same but differentiated product or service to the market at different prices to win customers. Las Vegas Sands Corp. is facing a stiff competition from its competitors though Sands has several competitive advantages.
Sands has opened numerous branches in the local and international markets, this helps the hotel in diversifying its competition risks. A company with several service and products outlets maximizes its sales in the less competitive outlets hence diversifying its competition risk.
Sands hotel competitors include 7 Days Group Holdings Limited, Ameristar Casinos Incorporation. Boyd Gaming Corporation, Caesars Entertainment Corporation, Century Casinos Incorporation, China Lodging Group Limited, Choice Hotels International Incorporation, Full House Resorts Incorporation, Home Inns and Hotels Management Incorporation, Hyatt Hotels Corporation, Intercontinental Hotels Group, Isle of Capri Casinos Incorporation, The Marcus Corporation, Marriot International, Melco Crown Entertainment Limited, MGM Resorts International, Monarch Casino, and Resort Incorporation among others (Hoovers 2).
SWOT Analysis SWOT analysis is an exceptionally useful instrument for evaluating and making decisions for all situations affecting the business and organizations. SWOT is a short form word for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats.
Strengths (S), and Weaknesses (W) analyze the internal factors, which the company can control, and Opportunities (O), and Threats (T) analyze the external factors, which the company cannot control.
SWOT analysis is used to audit the general position and the environment, which the company is operating in (Walker 90). It is the responsibility of the managers to supervise the process of carrying out SWOT analysis and implementation of the recommended solutions.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Las Vegas Sands Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More SWOT analysis helps a company identify the main factors affecting the company’s performance but the analysis rarely provides solutions to the factors. Companies can carry out SWOT analysis regularly because it is cost effective to the company; companies do not finance for SWOT analysis to be carried out by external firms (Walker 94).
Limitations of SWOT analysis are SWOT analysis does not prioritize the factors affecting the company’s operation, the analysis does not offer solutions or alternative decisions, the analysis can produce different ideas but does not choose the best, and the analysis generates a lot of information and not all of the information is useful to the company (Griffin 2).
Las Vegas Sands Corp. has strength over the main market position in the tourism and hospitality industry. Las Vegas Sands Corp. faces no significant new competition up to the mid-decade within Asia and Las Vegas (Griffin 3).
The Sands is best placed to exploit expansion opportunities in the Asia, with a leading position in Singapore (about 50% of market share) and a sturdy competitive position in China (about 15% of market share) (Sands). The Sands has a sturdy economic command, it possess one of the only two licenses to run casinos in Singapore and one among the six licenses to run casinos in China.
The Sands is an excellent operator of integrated hotels that generate high returns on invested wealth, and The Sands record place it in a position to win casino gambling legalizing licenses for new markets (Sands 6).Strengths are the characters that enable a company to accomplish its mission.
Strengths are the special and distinct feature, qualities, and traits that a company posses; these features give a company its consistency in service or product provision (Griffin). Strengths beneficial to a company include financial resources, human competencies, customer goodwill, products, and services, and brand loyalty.
Las Vegas Sands strengths include potential financial resources, broad product line, committed human resource, and reputable public relation. Las Vegas Sands Corp. is opening new hotels in different regions in annual basis.
Other strengths are main market position, strategic partnerships, and performance across segments, and increasing operating efficiency. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has strength of strategic partners for carrying out business together.
In china markets, The Sands has partnered with sands China Limited and build The Venetian Macao, The Plaza Macao, The Sands Macao, and Four Seasons Hotel Macao, as well as the most recent addition: Sands Cotai Central, which glorifies the world’s largest Sheraton, Conrad, and Holiday Inn hotels.
Strategic partnerships give Las Vegas Sands Corp. leverage in accessing a foreign market with ease because their partners are aware of the trends of the market (Sands 6).
Weaknesses include the qualities that harbor a company from accomplishing its mission hence slowing the company’s success and growth (Griffin). Weaknesses in a company may be caused by inadequate research facilities, poor decision-making, thin product range, and depreciating machinery.
A Las Vegas Sands Corp. weakness is the narrow product range; the corporation specializes in hotel services only without any outdoor services, awaiting legal actions, and high leverage (Hoovers 3).
Las Vegas Sands Corp. faces the weakness of pending legal undertakings between the Sands and the United States justice department. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has several pending court cases, in one case one the Las Vegas Sands casinos was accused of money laundry by the United States justice department.
The above example is one among the pending legal actions awaiting The Sands and once determined may result into a heavy fine. Heavy fines or cancellation of the casinos operating licenses may cripple the operations of The Las Vegas Sands Corporation (Sands 7).
High leverage is another form of weakness faced by the Las Vegas sands Corporation. Leverage is the amount debts that a company owes. The business of gambling casino is highly risky, The Sands needs to maintain a large cash reserves to cater for the increasing risks in the market. Increasing debts results in to low profit share to the shareholders and poor payments to the employees (Sands 7).
Opportunities are offered by the surroundings within which a company operates. Companies can expand their competitive advantage according to the available opportunities; a company should grasp opportunities once they arise (Griffin 4). Las Vegas Sands Corporation opportunities arise from the market, industry or government, technology, and competition.
Las Vegas Sands Corp. opportunity is the increasing touring sites and tourist in the continent. Other opportunities are strategic development, growing demand for gaming in Macau, developed gaming, and resort destination in Singapore.
Las Vegas Sands Corp. has an opportunity of strategic development. Strategic development is brought about by Innovation, which is an important tool for business ventures. Businesses use strategic development to exploit changes as an opportunity arises for a different business (Alpha 2).
Strategy development has creative ideas that address the demand-side wants and generate products as the supply-side solutions. The operations and capability to implement the ideas effectively and regularly measure the business efficacy. The Sands has used the above ideas to grow its business by opening new branches and differentiating their services to gain the market edge (Alpha 3 ).
Threats occur when the external environment jeopardize the smooth running and cash inflow of a company. The external environment cannot be controlled by the company and it relates to the weaknesses (Griffin 4 ).
Threats faced by Las Vegas Sands Corporation include of threats are employees unrest, changing technology, increased competition from the other tourism and hospitality companies, world economy, and different trade laws governing different countries. Other threats are decreasing consumers spending, competitive pressures, and stringent regulations (Sands 8).
Competitive pressure is a threat to Las Vegas Sands Corp (Griffin 4). Increasing competition leads to reduced operating profits of a company because of the reduced amount of sales and cash inflows. The Sands expanded to Venice in Italy because of the stiff competition from other hotels in Las Vegas Strip (Hoovers 2).
The American market, China market, and Singapore markets competition is increasing without a significant increase in the target customers. Tourism and hospitality industry all over the world is receiving new entrants, which mean the products, and services offered are of high quality (Alpha 4).
Decreasing consumer spending is a threat to Las Vegas Sands Corp. because of the fluctuating economy (Griffin 4). Consumer spending is measured by analyzing the movement of goods from several sellers to the customers in a certain market. Companies in the tourism and hospitality industry are experiencing a reduction in the purchasing power of consumers.
This has affected the total turnover of Las Vegas Sands Corporation, a reduced turnover results in to losses on the part of the company. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has retrenched a total of 485 employees in the last two months because of increased debts and operating expenses (Alpha 3 ).
In my own view, Las Vegas Sands Corporation has a potential of expanding its territories and diversify its market risk more despite its increased leverage. The corporation has a competitive advantage over some of its competitors, this because of its management’s ability to make effective decisions about their new target markets that turn out to be a great success once ventured.
Las Vegas Corporation has made effective use of the SWOT analysis in making the most crucial decision. However, The Sands needs to reduce the rate of growth and allow the already constructed resorts and hotels gain a larger market share and win customer loyalty from its customers.
Works Cited Alpha, Seeking. Las Vegas Sands: Macau Results Could be a Mixed Bag. 2012. Web.
Griffin, Ricky. SWOT Analysis: A Tool for Making Better Decisions. New York: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Risk Management Agency. 2008. Print.
Hoovers. Las Vegas Sands Corporation Competitors. 2012. Web.
Sands. Brief History of the Sands. 2012. Web.
Walker, John. Introduction to Hospitality Management. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010. Print.
The Impact of Tourism on the Ecosystem Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
According to Beaver, “tourism is the temporary, short term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during their stay at these destinations; it includes movement for all purposes as well as day visits or excursions” (313).
Beaver argues that tourism arises from a number of factors (313). “Tourism arises from the movement of people to and their stay in, various destinations” (Beaver 313). Tourism is made up of two major components: “the journey to the destination and the stay including the activities at the destination” (Beaver 313). Usually, the journey and the stay take place in an area that is different from the normal place of work or stay.
As a result, tourism gives rise to activities which are different from those done while at work or at home. On the other hand, “Dickson defines ecosystem as a community of living organisms with the physical processes which occur within an environment” (2).
Ecosystems often interact in a variety of ways through their biotic and abiotic components. Ecosystems often encounter stresses imposed by human activities and physical environments. In addition, they encounter changes which may be caused by human activities.
An example of human activities which cause changes in the ecosystem is tourism. One of the most difficult problem facing environmental scientists is diagnosing the nature of environmental change.
Not only is the extent and rate of change often hard to detect, and even harder to predict, but it may also be very difficult to distinguish between those components of change which are part of a natural process and ecosystem dynamics, and those which are as a result of human impacts.
Yet unravelling all of these issues is vital if ecosystem function is to be sustained and irreparable damage to the biosphere avoided. This paper attempts to analyse the impact of tourism on the ecosystem.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Bio Intelligence Service, “people are great consumers when on holiday” (1). Recent studies have indicated that the ecological footprint in some parts of the world is almost same as that of residents. Bio Intelligence Service notes that, when arrival transport account is put into consideration, this ecological footprint escalates. Tourism forms the backbone of many economies around the globe.
However, it has been found to exert indirect and direct pressure on species and habitats and, as a result, it poses a significant threat to conservation. Furthermore, tourism often disturbs wildlife and heightens environmental pollution due to increased transportation of people. The negative impacts of tourism on ecosystem are aggravated by the fact that tourists tend to consume more than the local communities.
In addition, tourists tend to consume more when they are on vacation. A study was conducted recently in Val di Merse, Italy, to determine the ecological footprint of tourists in this region. This study found out that Val di Merse receives a total of 685 tourists per day. As a result, the local population is increased by 5 percent.
The researchers “gathered data on arrival transport, on food and fibre consumption, on accommodation, on land use, utilities and waste, on local transport and on activities of tourists on holiday in Val de Merse region” (Bio Intelligence Service 1).
The study revealed that arrival transport contributes 86 per net of the total tourist impact on ecosystem. The study indicated that “the total impact of one tourist is 38.08 gha/per year” (Bio Intelligence Service1).
RAMP notes that “while recreational activities that take place in lakes, streams, wetlands, and their riparian areas are most likely to negatively impact the aquatic environment, land based activities can also impact the environment” (1).
RAMP indicates that tourist activities such as fishing and hunting of sea animals often lead to the decline in the pollution of aquatic species (1). Tourist activities also alter the aquatic habitat. For example, predator prey interactions are likely to be altered. Aquatic habitat is likely to be distorted by pollution and alterations in the neighbouring habitats.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Impact of Tourism on the Ecosystem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “Off highway vehicles, including all terrain vehicles, Argos, dirt bikes, and off road vehicles, driven trough or across steams and other water bodies can lead to habitat destruction and degradation, including loss of stream bank stability and erosion” (RAMP 1). On the other hand, when tourists come into contact with wildlife, wildlife behaviour is often affected.
Johnson notes that the growth of tourism around the globe has overlooked concerns of increasing ecological resource use (2). Of late, various tourist attraction sites and infrastructures have been identified as sites of resource overconsumption.
Johnson argues that ecological footprint is essential in the evaluation of different types of tourist behaviours and choices. According to Johnson, “an ecological footprint examines the amount of natural resources required to support a specific type of behaviour, business or process” (2).
A recent study funded by World Wildlife Fund sought to evaluate the use of ecological footprint in the evaluation of the impact of tourism on ecosystem. The study collected data “on bioreproductive land, Bioreproductive Sea, built land, energy land, and area for biodiversity” (Johnson 6).
During the study, “the ecological footprint of each resort was broken into a number of key areas of ecological impact; air travel, waste, food, and hotel energy use” (Johnson 6). The research was conducted in Ontario. The study revealed that tourism has a total impact of a 45.79 gha/per year on the selected region (Johnson 6).
On the other hand, GDRC indicates that tourism has a number of physical impacts (1). It causes trampling. In this case, vegetation and soil are often disturbed when tourists use the same route over and over again. Anchoring activities also degrade the ecosystem.
“Anchoring, snorkelling, sport fishing, scuba diving, yachting and cruising, are some of the activities which can cause direct degradation of marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, and subsequent impacts on coastal protection and fisheries” (GDRC 2).
In addition, tourist activities might alter the ecosystems in a number of ways. “For example, wildlife viewing can bring about stress for the animals and alter their natural behaviours when tourists come too close” (GDRC 2).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Impact of Tourism on the Ecosystem by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As noted earlier, tourism forms the backbone of the economy of many countries in the world. Many governments have invested heavily in the promotion of their tourist destinations. Some of these developments have a significant impact on nearby ecosystems.
For example, many natural lands located close to wildlife ecosystems are being cleared to create space for the construction of centres which will accommodate the growing number of tourists. In addition, most governments have converted natural wildlife ecosystems into national parks and game reserves. Confining wild animals in national parks and game reserves significantly affects their behaviours.
The reproduction of these animals is restricted and this can result into the extinction of the confined species. In addition, their natural feeding habits are affected. Some of these animals are fed on synthetic foods which might hamper their health. Furthermore, the confining of wild animals into national parks alters food chains and food webs in the natural world.
Hotels and recreational centres which are located close to water bodies often discharge wastes into these water bodies thus affecting the aquatic ecosystem.
Moreover, there is an increase in the consumption of sea foods. Many resorts located close to water bodies often offer sea food to visiting tourists as one of their special meals. Tourism contributes to the increase in the demand of sea food and indirectly affects the aquatic ecosystem due to overfishing.
In summary, this paper has noted that “tourism is the temporary, short term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during their stay at these destinations; it includes movement for all purposes as well as day visits or excursions” (Beaver 313).
Beaver argues that tourism arises from a number of factors. “Tourism arises from the movement of people to, and their stay in, various destinations” (Beaver 313). Tourism is made up of two major components: “the journey to the destination and the stay including the activities at the destination” (Beaver 313).
Ecosystems often encounter stresses imposed by human activities and physical environments. In addition, they encounter changes which may be caused by human activities. An example of human activities which cause changes in the ecosystem is tourism.
One of the most difficult problem facing environmental scientists is diagnosing the nature of environmental change. Not only is the extent and rate of change often hard to detect, and even harder to predict, but it may also be very difficult to distinguish between those components of change which are part of a natural process and ecosystem dynamics, and those which are as a result of human impacts.
Yet, unravelling all of these issues is vital if ecosystem function is to be sustained and irreparable damage to the biosphere avoided.
Experts argue, “people are great consumers when on holiday” (Bioscience Intelligence 2). Recent studies have indicated that the ecological footprint in some parts of the world is almost same as that of residents. Bio Intelligence Service notes that, when arrival transport account is put into consideration, this ecological footprint escalates. Tourism forms the backbone of many economies around the globe.
However, it has been found to exert indirect and direct pressure on species and habitats and as a result it poses a significant threat to conservation. Furthermore, tourism often disturbs wildlife and heightens environmental pollution due to increased transportation of people.
The negative impacts of tourism on ecosystem are aggravated by the fact that tourists tend to consume more than the local communities. In addition, tourists tend to consume more when they are on vacation.
Tourist activities such as fishing and hunting of sea animals often lead to the decline in the pollution of aquatic species (RAMP 1). Tourist activities also alter the aquatic habitat.
For example, predator prey interactions are likely to be altered. Aquatic habitat is likely to be distorted by pollution and alterations in the neighbouring habitats.
“Off highway vehicles, including all terrain vehicles, Argos, dirt bikes, and off road vehicles, driven trough or across steams and other water bodies can lead to habitat destruction and degradation, including loss of stream bank stability and erosion” (RAMP 1). On the other hand, when tourists come into contact with wildlife, wildlife behaviour is often affected.
Works Cited Beaver, Allan. A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism Terminology. Derby: Macmilan, 2010. Print.
Bio Intelligence Service. Environmental Impacts of Tourism. June 2010. Web.
Dickson, Gohr. Ecosystems. Vancouver: Oxford, 2010.
GDRC. Tourism’s Three Main Impact Areas. May 2012. Web.
Johnson, Allan. Exploring The Ecological Footprint Of Tourism In Ontario. Waterloo, Ontario: Oxford Press, 2010.
Regional Acquatics Managment Program (RAMP). ‘Potential Effects from Tourism and Recreation on Aquatic Ecosystems.’ 2012. Web.
Ethical Issues in the School Case Study cheap essay help
Robert is a disruptive student whose case raises several ethical concerns. The first one is that he does not follow school rules and regulations as a student. He is also disobedient and bullies other students in class. Teachers do not expect their students to behave in such a manner hence the behaviour portrayed by Robert is not ethical.
The second ethical issue raised in the case is that Robert has gone to the extent of stealing a phone from the bag of another student. Stealing is not accepted whether the person involved is a teenager or an adult. It is wrong for Robert to involve himself in stealing because this is likely to cause serious consequences.
To begin with, it will affect his studies negatively. Secondly, legal action might be taken against him because stealing is prohibited by law. The third ethical issue raised in the case is that Robert risks being expelled from the school completely although he is capable of changing into a good student and a kind person.
Since the case of Robert is a serious ethical issue, it is important to apply certain ethical approaches and theories in order to handle it effectively. The first ethical theory that will guide my action in handling the case is deontological theory.
This theory argues that human beings are governed by certain moral rules that cannot be broken. According to deontologists, doing the right thing is considered ethical regardless of whether the outcomes are good or bad.
My actions will also be guided by utilitarianism theory. This theory focuses on the outcomes of a certain decision. According to the theory, choices or decisions that benefit a large number of people are considered ethically right.
In Robert’s case, the concept of good denotes actions that are acceptable to the school administration and ones that do not disturb other people within the school environment. This theoretical approach provides a rational approach for making a decision on the most appropriate thing to do in the case of Robert.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this case, there are two options of action that can be used to handle the situation. The first option is to expose Robert as a thief because information about the stolen phone has spread in the school and the girl concerned is distraught.
The second option is to summon Robert privately, counsell him and get the phone without informing everybody. Robert should not be exposed to the rest of the school members if he apologises because he has the potential to change and become a good person if the problems he faces at home are solved.
In this case, the option I will choose is to report Robert to the school principal for the necessary action to be taken. The first reason behind this decision is that Robert has been a disruptive student in many occasions.
He bullies other students, yells in class, and does not do assignments. It might be assumed that he will change with time but this might not be practical because the principal has warned him many times without any success. He has even gone to an extent of giving Robert a last warning.
One of the factors that might prevent me from taking this action is the fact that I have observed Robert for six months and I think he can change into a good and kind student. This might be true but eventually the action will have to be taken because even after several warnings, he has not changed and still behaves unethically.
It is unethical to keep him in the school with the hope that he will change yet he does not show signs that he will change. Exposing him might have negative consequences since he will be expelled out of school.
However, this is the most appropriate option because according to utilitarianism, it will result in the greatest benefits for the people in the school. Robert will suffer but teachers and students will be free from his disturbance.
We will write a custom Case Study on Ethical Issues in the School specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Philosophically, the decision to expose Robert as a thief is the most appropriate method of handling the situation. This is because this decision will have the greatest benefits for the majority. In addition, the decision might have short-term negative implications for Robert but eventually, it will prevent him from getting into more trouble.
For instance, his behaviour has shifted from causing disturbance to other students and disrupting normal school operations to stealing. If he is allowed to continue stealing, he might continue doing it until he lands in prison. It is therefore philosophically right to expose him as a way of preventing him from getting into bigger trouble.
The course of action taken in this case is consistent with choices ethically conscientious people make. An individual who is ethically conscious looks at how the majority benefit from certain actions although some individuals might suffer.
In the case of Robert, the most appropriate action is to expose his unethical behaviour that disrupts other people. Some people might think that he should not be exposed as a thief but instead should be given a chance to reform and change his behaviour.
However, he has been warned several times and he seems not to change. It will be unethical to give him more time to change while he disrupts normal school operations. The decision to expose him is therefore consistent with choices made by conscientious individuals.
Deontology and utilitarian theories have been used to analyse the case of Robert. The two theories will assist an individual in everyday decision making. It is important to make decisions based on certain theories since they provide insights on what is ethically acceptable.
Deontological theories argue that it is important to do what is right regardless of the outcomes because human beings have obligations that are not supposed to be broken. This theory will assist individuals in everyday decision making because some situations make it difficult to make the right decision.
Utilitarianism is the second theory that will be useful in everyday decision making. According to utilitarian theorists, decisions should be made on the basis of their benefits for the largest majority.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ethical Issues in the School by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This implies that our actions should not favour individuals at the expense of a larger group of people. The theory is therefore important in everyday decision making because it enables individuals to make decisions that benefit the majority.