Introduction Colombia just like any other South American’s culture is diverse and rich. It is not only made up of its native people’s culture but also other outside cultures. In other words, Colombian culture is influenced by other European cultures. In addition, there is Spanish and African culture in Colombian culture.
Spanish culture originated from the colonizers of the country while African culture originated from the South Americans who were the slave traders in Colombia. Moreover, the country is made up of several regions with different ethnic groups hence different cultures. Its geographical location and various religious groups are also other factors influencing the Colombian culture.
Their diverse culture is therefore seen in their daily life including lifestyle and languages. Eating habits and various forms of Art also make the Colombian culture to stand out among many cultures (Williams and Guerrieri 47).
Family Structure Family is an important structure in Colombian culture. This is because they value trust and mutual dependence and this is well practiced in the family set up. The family plays a big role in the social structure of the Colombians. Extended family exists in which the grandparents live in the same household with the rest. The children are also allowed to stay at home until they get married.
The family structure is highly influenced by the Roman Catholic Church which teaches the values of upholding the same. An individual is considered to belong to a family by marriage or by birth. Marriage is usually within the same classes especially among the middle and the upper classes. Members of the lower class however strive to marry from the other classes.
A family institution is basically made up of father, mother and children. Father is the head of the family and is responsible of providing to the family. He is therefore expected to be earning income that will sustain the family and meets its all needs. Mother on the other hand, is responsible for taking care of the family.
Her roles include cooking, taking care of household chores and looking after the children as well as providing basic education to them. However, mothers, from lower class work outside their households in order to get an extra income. In addition, godparents are members of the family.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They are chosen during baptism of the child and their roles include giving advice and teachings about life. Moreover, they give financial help when required to do so. In Colombian culture, inheriting is emphasized. Children have the rights to inherit their parents’ wealth such as land and businesses.
Life Cycle Colombians life cycle is similar to any other in the world. However, their culture makes it different and unique. In Colombia, the stages involved in their lifecycle include childhood, dating and marriage. Family life and parenting as well as old age and death are stages that Colombians recognize in their lifecycle. At childhood, children are controlled by their parent. Any decision has to be made by the parents.
It is also at this stage that children start learning the basics of life and more so the culture of their people. At the teenage, the children are already exposed to real life. In most cases they have gone to school and have an understanding of right or wrong. At young adult stage, he/she is taught to be a responsible person in relation to responsibilities ahead.
Family life and parenting stage requires that the parties involved to impact positively on others and especially their children. Old age is appreciated by the Colombians because they term it as a source of wisdom and history where the young people can run for advice.
Death in the Colombian culture is seen as a transition in which people stop living in the physical world but continues to live in the spirit world. They believe that there is life after death and that once they die they reunite with their forefathers.
At various stages, periods and transitions, people are expected to behave in a certain way failure to which they are said to defile their customs. For example the young adults are not supposed to engage in sex before marriage.
If they do so they are punished severely and can even be excommunicated in the society. At teenage and young adult stage, the young people are separated according to their genders. Males are separated from females. This is because they require different teachings about life and responsibilities.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Cultural Project for the Country of Colombia (South America) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Interpersonal Relationships Greeting is a sign of good relations among people. In Colombia, everyone is expected to greet each other once they meeting. Handshaking is the most common and acceptable way of greeting each other. It is regarded courteous to greet each other by shaking hands once you meet and even when leaving. Women should extent their hand first, then men to follow in response.
Moreover, women are expected to hold forearms when greeting men. Handshake between men is always vigorous and close friends may even embrace each other. In addition, close friends may kiss as a way of greeting each other.
In Colombian culture, greetings should accompanied by a small talk that aims at knowing the other party’s welfare. Use of title is also important during greeting and it is courteous to maintain eye contact. For opposite sex, slight kiss on the cheek is exchanged despite the relationship between the two.
Disagreements are not encouraged among the Colombians. However, when they arise it should be between people of the same age. If a child disagrees with an elder person then it is termed as an insult. Women are also not allowed to argue with men. This is seen as lack of submissiveness and respect towards the head of the family. Prolonged disagreements should be avoided since they can lead to a fight.
In case the parties involved fail to agree, a third party should be involved to help solve the conflict. In other occasions, insults are expressed by lack of respect for other people, rude speech or even nonverbal actions aimed at offending another person. The Colombian culture thus encourages good interpersonal relationship among people. This entails good coexistence with no disagreements and insults from one another.
Communications There is a wide range of languages and dialects that are spoken in Colombia. It has been recorded that as time goes by, many languages die. However, there are many languages that are still in use. It is approximated that a hundred and one languages existed in Colombia. Currently, eighty one are in use.
The most commonly used dialects include Carijona, Desano, Achagua, Totoro, Arthuaco and Piaroa. Moreover, Piratapuvo, Siona, Cams, Guayabero and Tariano are used. The national and official language is Spanish. It originated from Indo-European family of languages. Achagua is second to Spanish. It has a large group using it as well and especially those from the Eastern region of the country.
More than twenty languages have been wiped out. They include Andaqui, Cauca, Chipiajes, Ansema, Barbacoas, Natagaimas, Runa,Omejes and Ponares. It is important to note that a small group of people and especially upper class, use English. This is common in urban cities. Language plays a big role in the Colombian society. It is used to basically communicate. It acts as a symbol of unity among the people.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Cultural Project for the Country of Colombia (South America) by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In addition, language portrays Colombian culture. In Colombia, good speaking manners do not involve shouting. Shouting is seen as rude behavior and lack of respect. In addition, using a language that others do not understand is not acceptable. For example speaking English to people of lower class is seen as rude. Verbal behaviors are also used to understand personality of an individual.
For instance a person who speaks a lot is said to be social. They are thus said to be leaders. Nonverbal behaviors are not encouraged in Colombian culture. It is always associated with hypocrites and rude people.
Religion Majority of Colombians are followers of Roman Catholic Church. This is because during the conversion from Indians, the colonial government preferred Catholic Church to any other religion. They are not only followers but also they are devoted to the Catholic sacraments. Catholicism attracts more than ninety five percent of the total population.
Eighty five of them are urban dwellers and are committed to catholic mass in the urban parish. However, it is important to note that though there is a small population in the rural they are more devoted to their religion than those in the urban. Moreover, their religious practices and beliefs are different from those in the urban. They have integrated indigenous and Spanish customs in their religion.
Their prayer is directed to patron saint who they believe that he is easier to reach than God. They also have one saint honored yearly. Priests and bishops born in the country are the religious practitioners with authority among the people. Catholicism has large influence and thus the country has established more than thirty monasteries and eighty convents.
Religious ritual that is common is catholic sacrament. It is usually performed by the priests. Baptism is considered the sacramental rite into the Christian life. In addition, the Colombians holds the belief that once a person has died, the spirit continues to live. A ceremony involving burial, prayer and mourning period is done once a brother/sister in Christ dies.
Colombian constitution allows religious freedom and does not give authority to a particular one. For this reason therefore there is a protestant movement in the country. It has attracted approximately 260,000 people. It consists of groups such as Mormon, Lutheran and Anglican.
In addition, other small group of Muslims and Jews exists in the country. Indigenous church and religious rituals and customs no longer exist. This is because they were destroyed by the Roman Church. During that time the church had the authority to summon and question any behavior they feel is not acceptable. Punishment including taking away the property of accused person was exercised.
Health and Hygiene Just like any other thing like food and housing, Health and hygiene depend on the classes. The upper and the middle class people can access the medicine and health care. On the other hand, the lowly paid cannot pay for good health care and cannot afford health plan. There are many restrictions on health care.
This is especially in the rural areas. Illness and deaths occurring as a result of not following rules are seen as a curse. For example, abortion is illegal in both their customs and laws. If a woman therefore does it and it does not go well for her then she is treated like an outcast.
There have been many cases of mental illness in Colombia. This is made worse since they consider the condition a taboo. They thus don’t seek medical attention on the mental illness. Generally, health and hygiene is not a big issue in Colombia. In case of illness people are always divided whether to consult medical specialists or not. In addition, they fear death and cannot stand the sight of a corpse.
Sorcery in many occasions has been used to take the threat of illness and death away. Moreover, illness and deaths are not taken as natural thing. Instead, they are associated with witchcraft. The treatment is thus done by traditional healers such as Taitas and herbalists.
Traditional treatment is common in rural areas. This is because of the ease of access of indigenous plants that are used to make medicine. For this reason, forests especially those in Amazon region are preserved by the traditional healers.
Food In Colombia, cuisine consists of a wide variety of things and is highly influenced by the regions. In addition, meals differ according to classes, for example, the low class with low income eat imbalanced diet consisting of a lot of carbohydrates and panela; a brown sugar. However, for a typical middle class family, the foods eaten include Spanish and indigenous menus.
There are three meals in a day; breakfast, lunch and dinner. Each meal is described according to the size and not the content. Breakfast is usually light. In the rural, this is not always the case. They take a heavy breakfast consisting of variety of proteins such as fried eggs, beans, pork and other type of meat as well as carbohydrates. Lunch is the main meal in Colombia.
It thus consists of a substantive amount of food. It consists of soup, main dish, a drink and finally a sweet dessert. In the evening, they take dinner that is light. It consists of soup, main dish consisting proteins and carbohydrates. It is then accompanied by fresh fruits.
There are other special foods eaten during certain times. Ajiaco and pastels are meals taken during religious holidays. Ajiaco is made up of stew consisting three types of potatoes, corn and chicken. They also include avocado, cream and capers. Their favorite drinks include beer and coffee. In rare cases they use milk and wine. It is also evident that Colombians are not vegetarians and their diets are dominated by meat.
Food is prepared by women. Moreover, formal dining etiquette is observed. For example hands should be seen while eating and not to resting elbows on the table during meal time. Using utensils and trying everything served as well as not picking your teeth at the table are also table manners observed.
It is also good manners to avoid speaking while eating. However, if one has to speak then the talk should be pleasant. It should give people appetite to eat. In addition, blowing your nose and clearing your throat at the dining table is regarded as bad table manners.
Holidays and Celebrations There are many holidays celebrated in Colombia. The national holidays aim at promoting the country’s history as well as its culture and diversity. In addition, there are religious holidays celebrated countrywide as national holidays.
Among the religious holidays observed are Christmas on 25th of December, Immaculate Conception on 8th of December, Easter on April, All Saints Day on 1st of November and Epiphany on 6th of January. Saints feast days are also observed. They can be at national level or at the local level.
Important national holidays include its independent day on July 20th in which they celebrate attaining of their freedom in 1810. Some heroes are also celebrated nationally. For example Battle of Bocaya on August 7th. During this holiday they celebrate their hero Bolivar who defeated the Spanish (Blossom 13).
Apart from the national and religious holidays there are other holidays that Colombians celebrate. The popular holidays are those to do with Feminine beauty such as crowning of the Miss Colombia on November every year. Also sports events such as Reinado de Belleza are valued by Colombians citizens. There are regional holiday that are usually associated with culture.
They include Carnaval of Barranguilla, the festival of the Devil in Rio Sucio, the Medellin flower fair and Cartagena International Caribbean Music Festival. Holidays in Colombian culture are very important because they ensure continuity of culture. During these days, the children are able to learn what is valued in their society hence upholding it.
In addition, the culture of togetherness is instilled into younger generations in which the put their differences behind and share and celebrate. During this day the Colombians share their cultural foods and other special foods for the occasion.
Values Values are acceptable behaviors in a given community. In Colombia values are emphasized in all aspects of life. Everybody is expected to carry him/herself in the most desirable manner. Colombians believe in communal way of living.
For this reason anything affecting one of them or a group of people affects every one of them. Individualism is thus not acceptable. The whole society is thus responsible for molding one another’s trait and attributes up to desired level.
The most important and desired attributes entails respect. Social interaction among people should be formal and at the same time be respectful. Children are taught from the childhood to respect their parents and elders. It is also good manners to accord every individual respect according to their roles in the community. For example, women are valued and given special attention among the Colombians.
Sharing is another desired value among the Colombians. This is evident during the festivals in which people meet and share meals and gifts. Moreover, children are taught to be obedient to elder people. Religiousness is another value that is upheld in Colombia. People who are devoted to their religion are seen as important and desirable. The respectful nature of Colombians enable them to watch self and others personal space.
This is even applicable to strangers. Though values may differ from one country to another or from one region to another, in the world, regarding other people as human beings is the most important value. This translates to respect and other human virtues. It is undesirable to be individualistic and to think about self only. People should live together as brothers and sisters helping and valuing one another.
History and Timelines Colombian culture stipulates that history and timelines be passed from one generation to another (Davis 189). It has thus established its own way of doing it. History and traditions are passed to the young people through various ways. The mothers are expected to be the first people to pass history and traditions to their children. In other words, as children grow they are taught their history and what their society value by their mothers.
History and traditions are also passed from one generation to another by use of art. The various Colombian art exhibit the rich culture of that country and that by exposing the young to this art, they expect them to learn and have knowledge on it. The three categories of art; literature, graphic and performing arts are exposed to the young for them to appreciate.
Through reading, visiting museums and listening to music, the young learn and adopt their traditions. In addition, the young get to know their history and traditions during initiation ceremonies. For example during religious rites such as baptism, the young are given mentors or godparents who are supposed to teach them about life. Moreover, they learn other things, history and traditions being among them.
This is further upgraded when the young go to school to get formal education. At school, they can learn what the society requires of them. Moreover, they learn about their forefathers and their origin.
Cultural understanding differs from scientific facts in a number of ways. Cultural understanding is basically taught at home through informal way of learning. It is also learning by virtue of being in that particular environment.
Moreover, it is only believed and in most cases, there is no proof about what people value as truth. This is not the case with scientific facts that have to be learnt in formal setting and can be proved in the laboratory.
Education Education is a key aspect in Colombian society. Both traditional as well as modern society value the importance of education. Education in this case refers to both formal and informal education. Formal education is emphasized by the government. Primary education is therefore free and compulsory for every child.
Establishment of secondary vocational schools and universities is one of the priorities of the Colombian government. The formal education provided is however different. There is public education that is mostly acquired by the low class level people.
Private education is mostly accessed by the upper and middle class people. In addition, it is found in the urban and the big cities. Formal education favors education that lead to professional jobs such as law and medicine (Smith 228).
Informal education is mostly provided at home. The methods used include teachings through parents and other elderly people in the society. Religious leaders also play a big part in giving education to the young generations. At home, the education entails learning customs and values of the society. Moreover, the roles to be played in the society by individuals are learnt at home.
Mothers in particular teach their children what is expected of them. The culture of Colombians influences education between genders. The boys are favored more than girls. The education given to boys aims at making them the leaders and bread winners in the family.
Girls on the other hand are taught to take care of the family. Gender difference is not only pronounced in the informal education but in the formal sector also. For instance in the public schools, boys and girls are always separated. In general therefore, the education in Colombia is provided with an aim of improving the lifestyle of people as well as maintaining their culture.
Arts and Music Art is one of the outstanding features of Colombian culture. It is thus not only supported by individuals and regions but also by private organizations. Many organizations take pride in their country’s art and thus associate with it always. For example organizations such the Bank of Republic of Colombia, Tobacco Company in the country and Telefonica Foundation have been found to support art greatly.
Moreover the government through its ministries support and promote art in Colombia. They do so by preserving the museums, theaters and libraries.
In addition, they give education on the importance of art. National Museum of Colombia and institute of culture are among the art institutions supported by the government. The graphic art artists are supported by various organizations through contracts to decorate cities and other properties (Bagely 77).
The forms of art that are highly valued include literature, graphic arts and performing arts. The three categories of arts portray the history and culture of Colombians. Music in Colombia exhibits the rich culture in the country. It is also diverse due to different regions in the country. Colombian music and dances include Vallenato, Currulao, Bambuco and Guabina.
The Colombians advocate art and music to their children. They consider art that express their culture and history as the appropriate for their children. This is because they will revive it and pass it from one generation to another.
In addition, they advocate for music and art that have appropriate theme and teachings to their children. They prefer Arts that will improve their morality and behaviors and not that which corrupts it. The Colombian children are advised to appreciate arts that will contribute to their education about life.
Expectations and Aspirations Colombians expectations and aspirations differ according to classes. People in the upper and middle class exhibit more of foreign culture than native one. Parents in these classes therefore discourage assimilation of their children to other minor culture in the country. On the other hand, parents in the lower class encourage their children to marry from other dominant classes.
This is with an aim of improving their condition. In addition, the formal education influences people to join the dominant language and dialect. For example people from the rural want to be associated with Spanish which the official language. With modern education, English is taking over as an international language. For this reason, many people are being assimilated into it.
Though many parents are allowing their children to learn and associate themselves with the dominant culture, language and dialect, they do not allow them to be assimilated fully. They expect their children to retain their cultural backgrounds.
More so they encourage them to borrow what is the most important aspects of these cultures, language and dialect. Children are further expected to up hold their cultural values especially those that concerns good moral behaviors.
More to the formal education they get, they should take informal education along with it in order to build their character and personality. This is because the formal education is seen as contributing largely on the professional goal rather than on life values.
For example the children are expected to maintain values such as respect for elders, parents and one another. Respect in this case refers to speech, way of dressing and even the way they carry themselves around.
Conclusion Colombia is famous for many things including it geographical location. Its culture however has seen it stand out among many other countries. Its study therefore, not only equips people in terms of knowledge but also contribute greatly to other factors.
Study of Colombian culture helps people who wish to do business in the country, those who are planning to tour or as well to relocate. Understanding their culture thus is the most important step established towards better relations whether in business or personal life
Works Cited Bagely, Bruce M. “The Society and Its Environment.” In Colombia: A Country Study, 1990.
Blossom, Thomas. Narino: Hero of Colombian Independence, 1967.
Davis, Robert H. Historical Dictionary of Colombia, 2nd ed., 1993.
Smith, T. Lynn. “The Racial Composition of Colombia.” Journal of Inter-American Studies, 8: 213–235, 1965.
Williams, Raymond L., and Kevin G. Guerrieri. Culture and Customs of Colombia, 1991.
Toyota Motor Corporation: Strategic Human Resource Planning and Strategic Recruitment Essay (Critical Writing) essay help online free
Introduction The business environment has been getting more complex and competition has been increasing everyday. Recent problems such as the economic crises and others have caused organization to find ways of staying ahead of competition.
Organizations are continuously looking for ways to gain a competitive edge over the other organizations. This mostly affects the multinational organizations because the international organizations face global environment which is more complex than the local environment.
One of the major areas of focus in trying to attain a competitive advantage is through the use of employees. Organizations have realized and embraced the fact that human resource is a strategic asset to an organization and if well used, it can make the organizations gain a competitive advantage (Kathy
Bill Clinton Leadership Research Paper college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Clinton’s philosophy on leadership
Leadership Theories connected to Clinton’s leadership
Lessons we can learn from leadership of Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton was one among the many presidents of the United States of America. As a leader, Bill Clinton achieved many things which made him become a popular leader during his reign (Biography.com, 2011).
This research paper will focus its discussion on the leadership of Mr. Bill Clinton, his major style of leadership, the numerous theories connected to his leadership and it will further highlight the lesson we as population can learn from his system of leadership.
To have a good understanding of Bill Clinton, we shall have a review and a brief description of his biography in order to understand about the background of Bill Clinton right from the time he was born up to his time in power as the president to of US.
Bill Clinton was born in August the year 1946 in the state of Arkansas where he was raised by his grandparents until the age of three years since he was born in a single family after the death of his father just before he born (Biography.com, 2011).
During his stay with the grandparents, Bill Clinton learned a lot including; good discipline, reading and counting which he was taught by the grandfather who liked the young boy very much. During all this time, Clinton’s mother was at college and she only came back after graduating with a nursing degree and shortly moved in with Roger Clinton his newly wedded husband.
During his childhood Bill Clinton was raised in a religious manner and was a devoted Baptist where he attended church services every Sunday. At the Baptist church, Bill became interested in music and he engaged a lot in the church music where he even learned how to play jazz saxophone which he continued playing up to high school (Biography.com, 2011).
Al this particular time, Bill was used to the hard life such as harsh, abusive and rude stepfather due to excessive drinking. At the age of 14 Bill gained his ground and decided it was no more when he engaged his step father in a quarrel that consequently put a stop to the abusive behavior. However, not long after this incidence that the mother divorced with Roger Clinton.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At high school, Bill used to play musical instrument and also engaged in political debates a factor that made his teacher Ms Mae Mackey to like him very much (Biography.com, 2011). At the age of 17, at Arkansas Boys state, Bill was selected as the representatives of the boys association due to his outstanding character giving him a wonderful opportunity to meet face to face with President John F. Kennedy at the state house.
After high school, the youthful Bill attended Georgetown University where he got involved in university politics very much. After college he won a highly prestigious award for further studies at the Oxford University where he studied law.
Moreover, after the scholarship at oxford, Clinton further went to Yale university school of law to complete his law course; after schooling he immediately went into national politics and in the 1978 he become the youngest governor in history of US.
After this incidence Clinton had his ups and down going in and out of politics until 1992 when he was nominated as a party representative to vie for presidency which he campaigned well and in November 3 he become the 42nd president of United State of America (Biography.com, 2011).
Clinton’s philosophy on leadership Clinton a young president belonging to Democrat party had changed the history by winning the election against the republicans which had not happened for such a long time (Hamilton, 2008); in fact, he was elected for the second term despite of the many scandals that he had been accused of due to his negative personality.
However, Clinton is highly regarded for the positive changes he brought to US which are highly attributed to his concerned nature for the well being of the citizens (Gates, 2000).
One of the major policies which he held is that of economical progression. In fact, during his reign and presidency, Clinton achieved economical progress in many ways; his government was keen to note the high rate of unemployment which his administration developed measures to curb such crisis (Hamilton, 2008).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Bill Clinton Leadership specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, Clinton’s administration was very successful in ensuring that the level of inflation was reduced by all means and due to the efforts administered during his term, US acquired the lowest level of inflation (Gates, 2000). On the other hand, Clinton’s administration was very alert and did not hesitate to make necessary changes in the national budget.
During Clinton’s era, the government made proposals that really impacted the US economy in a very positive way; in point of fact, Clinton’s government made a budget that is said to have brought a balance in the deficit that had been there for decades and in effect to this, the result was a budget which was surplus (Gates, 2000).
Another topic which makes Clinton to be a president who was highly regarded was due to his enthusiasm for peace causing him to extended campaign works intended to bring harmony in the land. Further more, his administration cleared all issue of violence and crime which is reported that, during his era issues of crime rates were reported to have reduced considerably.
In the education sector, Clinton’s administration made numerous changes that have brought a positive impact up to date. During his era, the US achieved the largest investments in the education segment by expanding college edification and facilities in order to ensure all American could have at least access college education.
This program was made accessible in the course of also giving scholarship to more than five million students annually (Hamilton, 2008). Additionally, Clinton ensured that college education became basic; his administration hired more teachers and lowered college fees in order to make education become quality and be easily accessed even by the poor in order to promote equity in the society (Gates, 2000).
More importantly, his administration encouraged technology through incorporating modern facilities in schools to embrace technological changes as a form of development in the education sector.
Moreover, Clinton’s administration was in the forefront to campaign for better and improved health care; as such his government ensured increased medical facility access to all Americans at an affordable rate (Gates, 2000). Through creating a balance in the national budget, Clinton’s government extended the medical facilities through making accommodative changes to cater for the growing population of US.
In the child health care, Clinton’s administration enacted the largest health supportive program since 1965 which was big enough to cater for medical needs for more than 5 million children every year (Gates, 2000).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Bill Clinton Leadership by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, to ensure better health care, his government signed a law to cater for the mental challenged across America which would help eradicate stigmatization against those mentally challenged (Hamilton, 2008). Apart from this, Clinton’s administration also developed foreign policies that were meant to facilitate peace, campaign for freedom and encourage democracy (Gates, 2000).
Leadership Theories connected to Clinton’s leadership There are many theories of associated with leadership and we can relate a good number of the theories to the leadership of Bill Clinton based on his accomplishment as the 42nd president of US. In order to have an understanding of this concept we shall review just but a few of the leadership theories studied in class for a broader understanding.
One among many other leadership theories is the great man theory; great man theory argues that, quality leaders arise when they are needs in the society and it further argues that “leaders are born and not made” (Changingminds.com , 2002). By looking back to the system of Clinton’s administration, we can be able to relate Clinton’s leadership to this particular in the following way.
As a president of US Clinton was able to integrate quality management leadership when the state was undergoing tough economical times, it during his era when US acquired a balance in the national budget something that seems not to have been achieved for decades.
So, we can be able to attribute the economical progress to sthe good leadership style by Clinton which can also be argued that the great man theory correctly fits in this situation because as the theory argues “good leaders come in when the society really needs them” (Changingminds.com , 2002), as such, Clinton’s leadership also seems to have appeared right when US was under tough economical times.
Secondly, another theory of leadership which can be related to leadership of bill Clinton is the transformational leadership theory.
Transformational leadership theory is a hypothesis whose assumption is that, good leaders are those who inspire others and usually work hard to achieving what they have passion for (Changingminds.com , 2002); mostly their style of leadership is based on what they what to achieve in the society, so, the transformational leaders will be motivated to achieve their desired goals which they work and dedicate all their energy towards such objectives (Changingminds.com , 2002).
In this regard, by reviewing the leadership of bill Clinton we are able to conclude that, it is no doubt that Clinton’s leadership style can be related to this particular theory in various ways. One way is through the way Clinton had passion for education based on his background and how he had gotten quality education through scholarship.
As such, we can be able to trace those qualities through observing how Clinton was aggressive to make positive change in the education sector in US (Gates, 2000). In point of fact, Clinton’s administration worked towards making college education to be accessible as basic by all Americans and this was achieved through his passion for education.
Additionally, Clintons made sure that college education was affordable by campaigning for reduced college fee. Most importantly, Clinton’s administration initiated the scholarship program in order to support the needy students towards attaining education in the society and it does support millions of student annually (Gates, 2000).
Lessons we can learn from leadership of Bill Clinton From what we have already learned, Clinton is one among the many presidents of the US who was popular during his term as a leader of US. Despite of the few shortcomings and criticism raised regarding his personality, Clinton was a charismatic leader a factor that also contributed to him being selected for the second term.
Generally, there are many positive things we can learn from such form of leadership and if applied in the society today, it could contribute to progressive changes necessary for development and social change in the world today.
One great lesson we can always learn from Clinton’s presidency is that, a good leader transforms the society for better.
Clearly, we have already seen how Clinton’s administration strived to make a lot of changes in the society in order to accommodate developments and hence steer growth of the state; such changes include, economical development, technological advancement, health for all, affordable college education, environmental conservation among many others. All these changes are necessary for a better tomorrow.
Furthermore, we can also get to learn that as leaders, we should develop love for others in order to change our society and our neighbors (Koestenbaum, 2000).
Such a lesson can be derived form Clinton’s leadership looking at the way his administration was concern about peace; majorly, he was concerned about peace in his country and that of the other countries which resulted in developing foreign policies that were meant to promote internal and external peace.
Finally, another lesson we can learn from Clinton’s leadership is that, as leaders we should have a desire to impact changes where others have not achieved (Koestenbaum, 2000). It is obvious that Clinton made positive developments where other presidents had not achieved; such changes include creating a balance in the national budget something that had not been achieved for decades.
Therefore, leaders should not be discouraged by the fact that others have not achieved, in fact this should be a motivation to achieve and exercise ones abilities in order to achieve great things in the society.
References Biography.com. (2011). Bill Clinton. Web.
Changingminds.com. (2002). Leadership theories. Web.
Gates, P (2000). Bill Clinton Accomplishments. Web.
Hamilton, N. (2008). Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency. New York: PublicAffairs.
Koestenbaum, P. (2000). Leadership: The Inner Side Of Greatness: A Philosophy For Leaders. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Literature Aspects in “The Scarlet Letter” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay scholarship essay help
Genre The tales in the Scarlet Letter possess several mystery elements. For instance, Hester’s lover is not directly mentioned. Mystery is also experienced in the way Hester, Dimmesdale and Chillingworth undergo punishment. In addition, full information about the Puritan’s colonial attitudes is not given. This leaves the reader thinking.
Setting The physical setting of the novel represents the Puritan’s beliefs and lack of development. First, we get to know that the prison and the town scaffold are the most important buildings in town as they are frequently used by the Puritans for religious purposes. Second, the Bay Colony of Massachusetts is likened to an island in the midst of wilderness, indicating that the place is undeveloped
Plot Analysis First, the market place is described. Second, Hester encounters her husband. Third, Reverend Dimmesdale keeps his secret. Fourth, Hester and the Reverend plans to run away. Fifth, the Reverend gives his Election Day summon.
Sixth, the Reverend confesses his sin to the public before he collapses and dies. Finally, Hester finds her way back to Boston. Basically, the novel starts with the initial situation followed by conflict, climax, suspense and conclusion.
She is a very powerful woman who is imprisoned for committing adultery. She is ashamed publicly for her adultery act and she is forced to wear a scarlet with the letter ‘A’. While in jail, she embroiders the scarlet letter so as to translate her punishment into a meaningful experience.
She is the daughter of Hester, who is born out of adultery. She represents all that Hester gave up when she committed adultery.
Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale
He is a likeable minister of the word. He commits adultery with Hester.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Roger Chillingworth
He is a brilliant scholar and husband to Hester. He is also vengeful as he decides to take revenge on the Reverend
Governor Richard Bellingham
He had served as a governor of the Bay colony of Massachusetts for many years.
Reverend John Wilson
He judges Hester for her adultery act at the beginning of the novel.
She is a sister to Governor Richard Bellingham and a witch.
Themes The themes discussed in this book include: alienation, revenge, women and femininity, compassion and forgiveness, hypocrisy, guilt and blame, justice and judgment, isolation, the supernatural, fate and free will, and man and the natural world.
Point of View The narrator pretends to be unbiased, though it is clear that he does not agree with the Puritans as he frequently criticizes the Puritan society.
Style The writer has used diverse vocabulary in writing the novel. For instance, words like ‘ignominy’ and ‘cogitating’ have been used. The writer also uses long sentences separated by commas in writing the novel. Shmoop University describes the novel’s writing style as ornate, formal, thorny, biblical, shadowy and comma-loving (1).
We will write a custom Essay on Literature Aspects in “The Scarlet Letter” by Nathaniel Hawthorne specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Persona The persona in the novel is a third person omniscient narrator.
Images, Metaphors, Schemes Images, metaphors and schemes that have been used in this novel include: the prison door, Pearl, the scarlet letter, the red mark on Dimmesdale’s chest, the Meteor, the black man, the forest and the wilderness.
National Mythologies or Ideologies The Puritans were centered on the idea of purity and believed that God was omnipotent and that salvation was predestined (Hawthorne 2). They related worldly success to salvation. Sins were heavily punished in the Puritan society.
Cultural Context and what transfers to today The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne’s is of great historical significance as it contains many insights that are relevant to contemporary readers. For instance, young people who are deviant and stubborn can relate to the themes of alienation and breaking rules.
In this view, the novel can be explained as a story of a woman who was heavily punished for letting the heart to rule her. Hester’s experiences can stimulate sympathy, Dimmesdale’s hypocrisy can provoke disgust, and Chillingworth’s revenge can arouse anger among readers.
Among the practices in the novel that are experienced in our current society are rules and punishments. However, the extent to which some crimes like adultery should be punished still remains a controversial issue. Technology has also advanced over the years.
Work Cited Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. New York: Plain Label Books, 1850.
Shmoop University. “Learning Guides to The Scarlet Letter.”(30 Sep. 2008) Web.
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“Narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglass” Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The Narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglass is a pure and classical narrative written by Fredrick Douglass from the first person singular format focusing on Douglass’s own reaction to slavery in America.
The Author is also the persona in entire narration as he recounts his real experience in slavery right from childhood (‘Clayton’1). The narrative is set around slavery period in1817 when the author was born. During this time, Douglas (author) had separated from his mother. Meanwhile, his father worked as a clerk in a rich man’s farm.
In the narrative, Lloyd owns huge chunks of plantations where slaves are compelled to work under tough conditions (‘Easyread’ 5). Douglas’ life develops in the plantation until he approaches 7 years when he is taken by his father’s brother-in-law to Baltimore. As the story unfolds, we find that Douglass faces torture in the hands of several slave masters (‘Clayton’ 44).
He became enlightened and realized the importance of education. Eventually, he fled himself from slavery, changed his name and married a free black woman, Anna Murray. Finally, he engaged himself with anti-slavery movements as an orator (‘Clayton’180).
In the narration, there are major and minor characters that the author has used to develop the plot. The author plays two major roles as both the narrator and main protagonist (‘Easyread’1). He uses an average tone to express his emotion over horrific moments he experienced while in slavery. The author builds his characters in the narration and eventually able to develop several themes from their diverse roles.
Moreover, he is able to bring out his views well through their role in the scene. For instance, he portrays Sophia Auld as unrealistic and inhumane as part of developing his argument against slavery. He uses her cruelty to demonstrate adverse impacts of slavery.
Douglass portrays Covey as a villain to develop a theme of conflict in religion (‘Easyread’ 76). He makes him get convinced that he is a Christian although his evil actions provoked him. As a major character in the story, Covey violence triggered Douglass to get transformed into a more brave character who eventually became freedom seeker. Meanwhile, he develops other minor characters to build his plot.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Douglass has also developed various themes in the narrative to address universal issues affecting society during his times. The main theme developed from the narrative is on effects of slavery to victims and slave dealers (‘Easyread’4). This is evident from the ruthlessness subjected to slaves by their masters. Slaves suffered both physical and psychological torture.
Moreover, inappropriate use of slaves led to family conflicts especially when masters adopted slaves to as concubines. Religion as a theme has been well developed in the story. The author develops a distinction between Christians and non-Christians. The slaves refer Covey as a serpent for his evil actions (‘Clayton’7 6). The incumbent is in conflict of convincing himself that he is a Christian.
Other themes developed in the narrative include education, ignorance and freedom. From the author’s point of view, he reflects on negative effects of slavery and as well emphasizes on the importance of freedom (‘Easyread’ 164).
Additionally, the author has used several schemes such as images and metaphors to develop the plot and make it more appealing to the audience. Initially, the author uses symbols to represent abstract concepts in his views. For instance, Sophia Auld has been used to symbolize oppressive nature of society (‘Clayton’ 32). In the story, the persona uses his life to symbolize human rights.
However, the author is a bit controversial in the fact that he appears to play two roles simultaneously though differently (‘Clayton’ 6). Moreover, he criticizes slave-owners yet he does not explain why slavery has become rampant.
The narrative has some significance both in the cultural and historical context of the 19th century human civilization. Apparently, we are able to embrace strides made in the search for freedom against slavery. In addition, the major themes developed are still evident in modern day history.
Moreover, the culture depicted in the narrative can be equated to a mirror reflecting daily experiences in modern society since not much may have changed especially with the advent of neo-colonialism and improper local and foreign policies by some nations.
We will write a custom Essay on “Narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglass” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Clayton: Prestwick House Inc, 2005.
Douglass Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Easy read Comfort Edition. New York: ReadHowYouWant.com, 2008.
Aspects of Literature Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Authored by Margaret Fuller, The Great Lawsuit is a must-read captivating chef-d’oeuvre heavy-laden with literary aspects like plot, setting, themes, style, and images among others as highlighted in the paper.
Period, as an aspect of literature refers to the time frame a certain piece of work is written. This is important since it gives a reader an idea of what the work is all about. “The Great Lawsuits by Fuller was done in July 1843 and therefore captured the daily occurrences of the times.
When it comes to genre, Fuller adapts a pure narrative. The work is an observation of the author and her own experiences that existed between men and women during her time (Dickenson 187). Therefore, the author develops her story based on these experiences and also borrows from the past events and uses them in developing her work.
Setting in any literal work is paramount in providing a clear picture of the story. For instance, in “The Great Lawsuit”, events occur in her place of residence in the Northern Europe. She builds her plot based on the experiences and how the community or the society behaves and believes. She therefore borrows more from her own setting and therefore builds her plot and provides suggestions to his audiences.
The plot of “The Great Lawsuit” is well developed through systematic occurrence of events. The book is about the self and individuality of the people and how these have resulted to inequity in the society. For instance, men and women should be able to uplift each other and eliminate their perceived differences. Women need to rise up and uplift their fellow women in order to be equals.
The author too uses various characters in ensuring that her message reaches the audiences clearly. Some of the authors that she uses are Miranda, a woman and a child born of a father who believed in equality of sexes. Others are Roland, Justina, and Mary Wollstonecraft commonly known as George Sand amongst others.
The theme of freedom stands out in the book. According to Fuller, women should be able to break the chains of slavery that have been subjected to them by their male counter parts (34). Other themes revolve around love, self or individuality.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The story comes from the third person point of view where the author mainly wishes to reach all the humankind. She sees the need for both men and women to abolish their self interests and be able to support each other in order for all of them to operate on the same grounds.
Style is also one of the salient aspects in literature. In her work, Fuller employs a simple style in propagating her message to the audience. For instance, she uses simple language, short and precise in her writing, which fosters quick understanding.
Example is, “They, too, raised the cry; God is living, all is his, and all created beings are brothers, for they are his children” (Miller 23). These were the triumphant moments; but as we have said, man slept and selfishness awoke.” This shows how the selfishness of men made them to mind their own interests.
In “The Great Lawsuit”, Fuller presents herself as the persona in addressing the key themes in her works. She also depicts illustrations of men and women as personas in bringing forward her ideas.
Images, Metaphors and schemes are styles employed in literature to advance the intended message. The author uses various images and metaphors in her work which makes it interesting. A good illustration of metaphor used is “We feel that the mind may “grow black and rancid in the smoke” (Dickenson 45). This means that men are hypocrites often doing contrary to what they say.
Ideologies are someone’s predispositions or thinking perspectives. Fuller adopts a mythology or ideologies that all people are equal regardless of gender, profession and religion amongst other parameters. A good example that illustrates the ideologies of the author is, “All men are born free and equal” (Dickenson 12).
Fuller’s work borrows much from culture and historical practices that society has been observing. She endeavors to bring into existence a new leaf on how people should relate and socialize. She wrestles with various technologies some including the place of a woman in the society.
We will write a custom Essay on Aspects of Literature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Women are not given the full attention with their full capability not fully explored. She believes that things will only change when women will rise up to other occasions and lead their fellow women towards independence (Miller 34).This has seen drastic changes in today’s life as women have taken up their roles in different facets of life.
Fuller’s work represents the reality and the social injustices that various communities go through. There has been effort by various parties to ensure that all men and women are able to exploit their full potential in life. Therefore, it is true that her work has played a key role in shaping the current today.
Works Cited Dickenson, Donna. Margaret Fuller: Writing a Woman’s Life. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.
Miller, Edwin. Salem Is My Dwelling Place: A Life of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Lowa City: University of Lowa Press, 1991.
Medicaid Fraud and Influence on Medical Services Research Paper best essay help
Introduction Medicaid Fraud is one of the main issues that hamper provision of quality, reliable, and efficient medical services across the world.
Medicaid is designed as a health insurance that offers the less fortunate in the society a chance to get affordable quality medical services; they are edible to children, the elderly, and persons with a disability and funded to a large extent by Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) Medical Assistance Administration.
The United States government medical department with collaboration of the office of the Attorney General has been on the fore front fighting the vice; however, the vice seems to be far from being won. As much as the practice is unethical and unaccepted in the medical fraternities, the efforts that the federal government has enacted remain focused on corporate level but they seem to be un-reaching to the micro level practices.
According to Steven Malanga, the rate of misuse of Medicaid Fraud has continued to increase with an estimated amount of 10% of the total cost nationwide, which translate to about loss of
Efficiency of Communications Research Report best essay help: best essay help
Communications research is a field that every successful organization should invest in, if it is interested in the maximization of service production and guaranteeing consumer satisfaction. The claim comes in because it equips an organization to deal with its research questions concerning issues such as usage, branding, advertising, new product introduction, and pricing among others.
Such insight is necessary both for making inter-organizational projections, and in judging consumers’ reactions to the organization’s policy. Therefore, the PR Department has to spend some of the organization’s limited funds to conduct such a research, with hopes of making amends on the image projected by the organization to the public, as well as to fellow personnel.
In terms of objectives, this research will aim at gleaning as much information as possible concerning the effectiveness of three data collection methods; interviewing, questionnaires, and observation, which are most commonly applied by the organization in research. It will also study other available options, their effectiveness, and comparability with the former three in terms of meeting the organization’s demands.
The knowledge drawn from such research will be instrumental in analyzing the organization’s ability to interact with the subjects of its previous, present and future researches. It will also improve the credibility of the organization should its competence, or integrity in the execution of its objectives ever be questioned by external forces.
Finally, it will come up with the best approach of collecting information from subjects while best presenting it as their ally, which in turn will give it credence in the local community, and provide ease with which information can be obtained. Thus, the relationship with its publics will be secured further.
The research topics in need of exploration are outlined below; three topics of study, which this research will propose, and the reasons are outlined alongside each topic. These are:
Interviewing – as a way of communicating, an interview is only effective where language is not a barrier. This makes previous findings of research thus conducted suspect, as this is a foreign organization with a native language differing from that of the host community.
Questionnaires – this method requires the respondents to be literate or to understand researchers’ questions in the questionnaires. Again, the community in question is still developing and thus characteristic of rampant illiteracy thus invalidating most of the data presented in questionnaires.
Observation- this method has proved ineffective especially if the subject of the research is hostile to the researchers, as is the case with our organization’s relationship with the local community. Moreover, there is a high probability of reporting inaccurate findings due to a change in routine by the subjects, which would go unnoticed by the observer, as well as a lack of understanding of the subjects’ actions or behaviors, which the researcher is to report on.
The Relevant communications expert knowledge that supports the argument of the research is that communication is a complex process. Language eases part of the burden, as people are able to package ideas that can be transmitted between different minds.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it acts as the channel through which these ideas are transported. When there is a language barrier, little can be done to pass ideas, opinions, beliefs and attitudes therefore preventing any understanding from occurring. Consequently, people who do not understand each other resort to basic human nature, which is lined with suspicion in turn triggering hostility, and the cycle continues.
Ultimately, no progress can be made without finding a way to remove, or go around this barrier. That is the quagmire this organization finds itself in.
Until we are able to resolve this issue, researchers will continue to be misinformed depicting much biasness in the subjects, and therefore their information will continue to be inaccurate. Locals will in urn never accept any policies made by the organization, and we will continue o exist at an impasse.
The proposed planning process for developing the research is as follows: The organization shall enlist the services of other foreign firms that have established a strong foundation with the local community and organize benchmarking sessions with our own personnel.
We shall also engage linguistic professionals to teach our staff the native language, as this will be necessary for the trial researcher within the research to gauge the effectiveness of the new principles learnt. Finally, we shall require he funds proposed by the budget of this research to acquire all the necessary materials to be used in the research.
Content Outline and Assessment Report college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Things to consider when writing a content outline
A content outline contain the following
Introduction A content outline and assessment is used to give students a guideline and help them study for their exams. It also helps the teachers to prepare their lesson and exams to be given to students. Students can use a content outline to assess their knowledge and experience in each topic covered. They are also able to identify areas that need further studying before they take their exams.
A content outline includes; the objectives of the study, information to be explained, procedures to be used, and the assessment criteria to be used on students. This paper provides a guideline on how to write a content outline, gives the things that are contained in a content outline and concludes by highlighting the importance of assessments and how to conduct them.
Things to consider when writing a content outline What do students need to know?
Which mechanism will be used to help students get what is required of them?
How will they be assessed to ensure that they have achieved the goal?
After putting the above questions into consideration, the content outline should contain the following categories.
Goals The outline should offer a general overview of the contents of the material as well as how the material will be handled for an effective delivery of the information to students, in some times it may offer guideline to tutors on how to approach different issues.
The goals should be written in reference to the National curriculum (Ritzel, 2010). If it is an outline for a specific unit, goals should be specific to that unit and the same should be assessed at the end of the unit.
Objectives This part concentrates on what students can do to increase their knowledge and skills. The following questions should be put into consideration
What is the students’ capability?
Which mechanism will be used to measure students’ performance?
How will satisfactory attainment of goals be judged?
How will the students show that they have thoroughly understood what was being taught and that they understand the objectives of the unit?
Prerequisites Prerequisites allow teachers to determine which activities can be used to ensure that students meet the objectives of the unit being studied. Every teacher should be in a position to assess the students’ state of readiness before introducing a new outline (Ritzel, 2010). He must be able to determine the concepts that will help in the accomplishment of objectives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A content outline contain the following Introduction
It highlights how the objectives and goals of a certain unit will be introduced; the method is beneficial as it is able motivate and facilitate students to go through a content and grasp what the writer wanted to say. Additionally, the introduction provides a link between the past activities and the students’ interests. Also, the introduction highlights what is expected out of students
This is the main part of the outline which gives a framework of the expectation that the student should have. It is prepared in such a way that other teachers can be able to understand the flow. The main activity gives all the topics that are to be covered, experiments to be conducted, when assessment tests will be taken, among other things. It also includes examples that will help students understand the topics well.
The following is contained in the main activity:
Demonstration- this provides a list of all the steps to be followed in a sequential order.
Explanation- this is a sketch of the information that need to be elucidated
Discussion this section provides a listing of key questions to direct the discussion
Method of instruction- this specifies how the outline will be taught, how students will learn the information, time for each segment, materials to support presentations, key point that need to be emphasized (kellough