Critical Success Factors For A CRM Program Essay A Level English Language Essay Help

Customer Relations Management (CRM) is the value of the prospective and existing clients. In fact, new entrants in any industry present the existing companies with competition. The entrants weaken both the solid and the existing corporations in the market. This arises from the new ways of doing and advancing businesses. Among the factors that drive these changes are the emergence of advanced technologies and continuous changes (Maroofi, 2013).

CRM has emerged as a product of these changes and has evolved in a drastic way that it is currently viewed as a strategy towards maintaining long-term relationships with the client. CRM is a business philosophy, tactic, a process and a technical tool. This study explores the successful factors in the implementation of CRM programs. In reviewing the success factors, it is imperative to understand the key components of CRM programs.

Main Body CRM acquired prominence in the 1990s as a marketing sub-discipline. It was driven by the publications of ‘the loyalty effect’ and ‘the one to one future’ (Roberts et al., 2005).

The pursuit of competitive advantage and profitability prompted a rush to employ CRM programs in the emerging, existing and prominent businesses in all corners of the world. More than two decades afterward, the issue of whether or not such businesses could generate profits from the ventures made on Customer Relations Management systems appeared as a subject of discussion.

In some studies, out of three businesses that made investments in Customer Relations Management schemes, two regard the tool as discontenting in the future’ (Roberts et al., 2005). IBM carried out a survey on the managerial reporting and concluded that eighty five out of hundred enterprises in the Asian, European and American countries athwart all industries hardly achieve the projected outcomes with CRM.

However, an industry-specific survey conducted by McKinsey presented a different perspective. The company investigated deeper into the CRM status in the insurance industry and emerged with positive results on CRM programs. A benchmarking study concluded that CRM is strategically important and is controlled by technological potentials.

The place of technology in the success or failure of CRM remains contested. Customer Relations Management ought to be information managed within the least dominant businesses where the dealing has real connection to the client. For CRM to be complete it must contain a variety of components. These components include people management, lead management, sales force automation, customer service, marketing, workflow automation, business reporting and analytics.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These components represent the foundation of all high quality activities with clients. The application of technology creates close interactions between the business and customers. Thus, any CRM program seeks to gather information from all relevant data sources within the organization. When appropriate the business may gather such information from outside. This enables the business to have a precise outlook of every customer in real time.

People Management regards effective utilization of human resources in the correct place at the correct time. This ensures that resources contribute towards the attainment of organizational and personal goals. It is important to espouse the correct parameters to ensure that the individual qualifications, abilities and skills fit well with the designated positions and job profiles.

The individuals will be willing to utilize their capabilities to enhance their competence and consequently the performance of the organization. For the success of CRM programs, people management is a prerequisite for very large companies as well as the small and medium-sized businesses.

Lead Management typically entails tracking and supply of sales leads. This is essential in marketing, call centre and sales industries. When a business makes a follow-up on its customers, the clients feel valued hence become open to do further transaction with the business. This is unlike when the businesses entirely forget about a customer once a successful sale is made. The job of this component entails the management of marketing promotions, creating tailored forms, and other activities.

Sales Force Automation is among the most fundamental components of CRM largely used by almost every business that seeks to acquire and maintain competitive advantage. The component involves a software solution designed to forecast, track the prospective transactions and process sales. In any business, it is essential to collect data that will help the organization in identifying the potential revenues.

Customer service component is an important component of the CRM. In fact, CRM is focused on the collection of client data, information regarding purchasing trends and availing information to the relevant business departments. The information is important as it helps the business to understand the customers.

The central departments including human resource, marketing and sales are presented with the opportunity to acquire familiarity from preferences and purchasing trends of the customers. With decisive knowledge, relevant departments are able to avail appropriate solutions to individual customers. This may include alerting the customer when a new product is introduced in the business via email or even phone call. This enhances customer satisfaction which leads to retention and loyalty.

We will write a custom Essay on Critical success factors for a CRM program specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Marketing component in the context of CRM includes activities that involve promotions, which bring a product or service to the attention of the public or target group. It is imperative to note that marketing is different from both sales and advertising. Sales refer to the actual selling of commodities while advertising concerns the approach used to make such sales (Razvan, 2013). CRM assists the marketing function towards increasing the efficiency of marketing via the comprehension of the prospective target customers.

Work Flow Automation involves the reduction of costs and rationalization processes. The component primarily saves a number of people from executing similar role time after time. It cuts work and help the workers from performing avoidable tasks. The automation involves the reduction of paperwork. This is achieved by automating the system to perform tasks such as filling out of forms at the touch of a button.

However, employees often perceive this component as a threat as it significantly reduces workload. The component attracts resistance from workers who feel that their job security is threatened. With sufficient structures for the implementation of CRM programs such as assurance by the management that jobs are secure through regular communication, the employees are likely to embrace CRM implementation. They will have time to engage in other activities that are beneficial to their career.

Business reporting component is simply the ability to recognize the position of the business at any time. In this view, data collected through CRM program provides continuous information about public relation, marketing, product endorsement, and trade. It typically represents business activities and performance.

The component enables the management to access the information gathered instantly whenever it is needed. CRM technology ensures that accurate data is gathered regarding the customers. Consequently, the data is analyzed and any inaccuracies deleted.

The final data provides accurate information hence the reports produced are accurate. Forecasting as central part of CRM technology is another feature. The forecasted information can be exported together with past information and reports to other systems for comparison. The reports and historical information can be saved for the business to use in future when reviewing failures and success of the business.

Analytics entail the analysis of the gathered data to generate information that is easy to comprehend thus making it useful and relevant for studying market trends. With CRM technology, it is possible to observe market trends given the ability to generate diagrams, graphs and figures for both the historical and present data.

The most recent development relating to CRM components is the employment of web service that enable businesses to borrow diverse components from diverse industries and employ them collaboratively in a way that meets their business requirements.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Critical success factors for a CRM program by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Data-driven CRM demands huge databases and analytical systems. It must also possess the capacity to distribute information to the users as necessary. This approach may appear irrefutable but raises the issue of serious technical resolution in the triumph or collapse of Customer Relations Management programs. In fact, the historical proof may be present from either faces.

It is possible to mention nations where the implementation of this tool plainly became unsuccessful and resulted into the crash of the complete project. In other conditions, pointers equally blame organizational shortcomings as being behind the collapse of CRM implementation (Roberts et al., 2005). However, many studies have been conducted recently in an effort to unearth the observed evidence regarding the drivers of failure or success of CRM programs.

Organizational factors are as important as technical factors of CRM program implementation. It has been argued that the failure or success of CRM programs is mostly due to organizational and social factors (Lawson-Body, 2011).

These include organizational change and disruption, changes in business processes and the diverse perspectives regarding client information. CRM programs often present significant changes to a business. Employees often view these changes as threats to their job security. Hence, the resistance from many quarters faces the changes.

In fact, the resistance to changes creates hurdles to the overall CRM implementation. In this view, the success factors are diverse. Variables including top management support, communication with employees, advocating for change internally and establishing a change infrastructure play a central role in the success of the CRM programs. Other contributors to the success include the provision of effective end-user guidance, creating reward systems and re-configuring of business processes.

When the relevant business stakeholders support the initiative with sufficient information to the employees that their welfare is secured, the CRM initiative is likely to succeed. This calls for the human resource function, resource allocation and organizational structure to be in harmony with the central organizational goal. The extent of the CRM should be reflected in the size of the business, the capability of the information technology staff and the innovativeness of the top managers.

Individual factors are other components that influence the success or failure of CRM programs. Previous research has utilized subjectivity psychological theory and behavioral theory to explore the underpinning elucidation to the user conduct and the success in the implementation of CRM programs. When those expected to facilitate effective implementation of CRM programs possess sufficient usage capability, they indicate positive response to CRM technology.

The users of the CRM technology vary in terms of individual dispositions and acquired knowledge. The individual factors that impact on the success of CRM programs include resistance to change, individual’s innovativeness, willingness to learn and computer anxiety. In view of computer anxiety, the individuals who undergo fatalism or negative affectivity are likely to look at the implementation of CRM programs negatively.

Individual innovativeness regards the willingness of the individual to discover new methods, attempt new methods and willing to explore how new changes will advance their career by presenting new challenges. Such individuals positively contribute to the success of CRM programs since they are receptive to the implementation process and more flexible to change. Resistance to change regards the deficiency of engagement of the same individuals expected to use the technology after the implementation of the CRM program.

Other CRM success factors have been discussed including the stages of the business maturity for CRM program. These involve the maturity of the customers, processes, systems, people and motivation. These factors determine whether the implementation of the CRM program will be successful or not. Although they form a good basis for exploration of the subject, these factors are somewhat overshadowed by the key components of success factors of CRM program.

By availing information on client purchase history, profiles and data, the program support essential areas of the business’ core processes particularly in services, sales and marketing divisions. CRM programs not only put the needs of the customer first, but also concerned with the profitability of the business. It enables the business to keep the customers under control. This is achieved by ensuring that the clients feel that they are considered as an important element in the progress of the business.

For CRM program to be successful, it becomes imperative for the management of the company to outline particular trade returns and paybacks, which are projected to be distributed by the project. In most of the business that fail with CRM programs, the management assumes that it is obvious for the program to work. The solution that the CRM is expected to realize must be well defined. The business must prioritize the objectives the initiative is expected to deliver. The selection of the appropriate technology is also important.

Summary Customer Relations Management is focused on the value of the current and prospective clients. CRM programs are essential for any type of business that seeks to create a competitive edge and maintain competitive advantage realized through retaining and attracting new customers. CRM approach is dynamic and is significantly impacted by technological changes. The evolution of technology means that business has to keep pace reaching to customers who constantly become technology-oriented in finding goods and essential services.

Business are hence obliged to use advanced and appropriate technology to reach the customers, observe their purchasing history and gather relevant information that will help in providing services that are needed by the customers. The CRM concept has evolved drastically to be viewed as a strategy to attracting and maintaining a long-term relationship with clients.

The failure or success of CRM programs depend on a variety of factors. When the management critically explores all the key components of CRM, the initiative is likely to succeed. These involve people management, lead management, sales force automation, customer service, marketing, workflow automation, business reporting and analytics. The business must also be clear regarding what the initiative is expected to achieve.

References Lawson-Body, A 2011, “The critical success factors for public sector CRM implementation”, Journal of Computer Information Systems, vol. 1 no. 1, pp. 4-50.

Maroofi, F 2013, “Effective factors on CRM development”, Asian Journal of Business Management, vol. 5 no. 1, pp. 52-59.

Razvan, B 2013, “CRM applications: components”, The Young Economists Journal, vol. 1 no. 2, pp. 129-134.

Roberts, M 2005, “Strategy, technology and organizational alignment: key components of CRM success”, Database Marketing


Management Consulting: Case Study of IBM college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Table of Contents Introduction

Nature of management consulting

Acquisition of a consulting firm

How consulting adds value

Desirable attributes of a consulting firm

Types of management consulting projects



Introduction Management consulting is defined as an advisory service contracted and provided by expert people who assist the client organization to identify and analyze management problems, devise suitable solutions and help in the implementation of the said solutions.

It is a method of assisting organizations to improve managerial practices as well as employee and overall organization performance and growth (Hanisch, 2012). Business entities and companies seek consulting services due to several reasons including uncertainty, time factors and reputation.

Uncertainty is covered by expert analyzers who are charged with the responsibility of sieving information to provide coherence and meaning. Some firms may not have technical and managerial capacity to resolve the problem and may require time to develop such hence the need for management consultants. Finally the firm may acquire recognition and status as a result of interacting with the consultancy firm (Perchthold


You are a teacher/social worker and you have the children of Dee (11 year old Clare) and Kate (5 college essay help

You are a teacher/social worker and you have the children of Dee (11 year old Clare) and Kate (5 year old Elliot) from the individual scenarios in Chapter 1 in your class/on your caseload. What issues would they face be coming to your school/caseload with as a result of them living in poverty? How will these issues effect learning, development or progress on a daily basis at school? What you do to assist them and possible their mothers to address these issues?
Be sure that your response answers all the the prompts/questions in the assignment. Take into account the individual situations of each parent and their situations and what they’re dealing as an impoverished family. Make sure that you’re completing this assignment from the prospective of a teacher or social worker within the school.

This assignment must be at a minimum, 2 full pages in length, double spaced, 12 point font (Times New Roman).


The Flood of San Antonio in 1921: Re-Evaluating the Effects. A Catastrophe Viewed Through a Different Lens Proposal essay help free: essay help free

Introduction: A Bit of History San Antonio was not quite famous up until the early XX century, when it was struck by a natural disaster. In 1921, a massive flood destroyed the city and changed its landscape considerably. When one might have thought that the situation could not possibly get any worse, it became clear that, due to the flood, a large mass of toxic waste was washed into the river (San Antonio Flood of 1921). Even though the effects of the flood are no longer noticeable, the given experience still provides several important lessons to learn.

Miller’s Point of View: An Economical Approach When considering the effects of the flood, Miller stresses the negative effects of flood on the city. Therefore, in his assessment, Miller’s priority is civilization. However, the reconstruction of the city takes less time than the reconstruction of the environment destroyed by the flood, which is why the effects of the San Antonio flood on the environment must be reassessed.

Environmental Impact: Counting the Losses Needless to say, the destructive nature of floods brings considerable losses to the environment in which they occur. Being completely uncontrollable, of incredibly big mass and running at a very high speed, the San Antonio flood struck the environment of the city impressively, leaving vast barren lands behind.

It is worth mentioning, though, that the issues listed below can be related to the short-term changes in environment. The long-term changes, on the contrary, seem to be quite positive, which the next chapter is going to shed some light on.

Natural habitat destruction Perhaps, one of the greatest losses concerned the destruction of the natural habitat for the San Antonio flora and fauna. It is important to stress that the San Antonio natural habitat included the environment in which such species as a log perch and a long-eared sunfish, could develop.

However, once the landscape was changes as the flood influenced the topsoil and washed a number of elements away from the land, replacing them by new minerals, the traditional environment was changed. Unable to get accustomed to the new habitat, some of the species did not survive the change.

Changes in the river ecosystem The river ecosystem has also suffered greatly. Perhaps, one of the most drastic changes concerning the state of microorganisms, as well as larger species, including fish, concerns the fact that the amount of suspended sediments in the river mass increased, therefore, leading to the death of the organisms that required clean water instead the suspension of minerals and soil that the river turned into after the flood.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More City and nature: what does not mix Industries have always had a negative impact on environment, yet, for the most part, industrial waste is transported to the places where it is relatively harmless for nature. In case of the San Antonio flood, however, a great part of domestic and industrial, often toxic waste was carried in a massive torrent and introduced into the river ecosystem.

As a result, many organisms suffered, the river algae being the one that has been affected the most. Once the algae, which was also food for many river dwellers, was destroyed, the latter faced the threat of dying out – and many of them did.

Regarding the Positive Aspects It would be wrong, however, to assume that the environmental effects of the San Antonio flood were solely negative. Caused by natural factors, the flood was an integral part of the natural cycle and, therefore, contributed to the improvement of the environmental state, even though these improvements came at a price for the residents of the city.

Although the effects of the flood on the city structure, as well as agriculture, were drastic, in some sense, the flood helped set the stage for further environmental and, therefore, agricultural, improvements. Among the most notable results, the ones mentioned below are in the spotlight.

Topsoil components replenishment Soil is often taken for granted by the city dwellers; it rarely occurs to most of the city residents how fast minerals and natural resources are consumed by the crops, as well as washed away by the effects of industry. As a result, crops are most likely to become increasingly worse every year.

The given problem is traditionally solved by transfer of minerals and other resources to the fields. Floods, however, also contribute to the enrichment of soil in that they carry a number of minerals that area accumulated in the soil. Thus, after the flood of San Antonio, topsoil components replenishment occurred, which contributed to the improvement of the city environment an allowed for more options in agriculture (Hölzel and Otte 132).

Land mass elevation and the sea level Another peculiar effect that the flood of San Antonio had on the city concerns the elevation of the land mass. With the increase of suspended sediments in topsoil, a considerable land mass elevation can be observed. The given phenomenon can be explained by the fact that topsoil elements allow for keeping the elevation at a relatively high level, since the land mass increases with the increase in the number of topsoil elements.

We will write a custom Proposal on The Flood of San Antonio in 1921: Re-Evaluating the Effects. A Catastrophe Viewed Through a Different Lens specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Consequently, the elevation of the landmass above the sea level in San Antonio rose greatly after the flood took place (Wilby and Keenan 349). In its turn, the increase of the altitude has contributed to a slight change in the San Antonio wildlife habitat, therefore, making it possible for endangered species to survive.

Suspended sediments Suspended sediment load, which the San Antonio flood led to, can be considered as a major improvement in the environmental state of the land. As it has been stressed above, the replenishment of topsoil, which occurs during a flood, is crucial for agriculture; and, seeing how a rapid increase in the concentration of sediment in water leads to topsoil renewal, the San Antonio flood did affect agriculture in a very positive way (Ramakrishnan and Rajawat 1211).

In relation to the suspended sediments, the fact that the groundwater resources were finally replenished must be mentioned. Indeed, once the land was flooded, the water from the river basin percolated into the soil and reached the cavities, which the groundwater could usually be found in. As a result, the groundwater resources were finally renewed, which, again, was a major improvement of the environmental state of the city, for it created the factors for further restoration of the natural habitat and an increase in the number of species.

Conclusion: A Look into the Future As it turns out, when considered within the environmental context, the flood of San Antonio happens to be not a disaster, but an element of a natural chain of events.

The given fact does not mean, however, that the instances of flood must be ignored in the future; instead, it will be necessary to consider the effects that a possible flood might have on the environment based on the specifics of the local nature and undertake the precautionary measures in order to make the consequences as insignificant as possible. Therefore, the flood of San Antonio can be seen as a sad experience that, nevertheless, provides an important lesson to learn.

Works Cited Hölzel, Norbert and Anette Otte. “Restoration of a Species-Rich Flood Meadow by Topsoils Removal and Diaspore Transfer with Plant Material.” Applied Vegetation Science 6.2 (2003), 131–140.

Ramakrishnan, Ratheesh and As Rajawat. “Simulation of Suspended Sediment Transport Initialized with Satellite Derived Suspended Sediment Concentrations.” Journal of Earth System Science 5.10 (2012), 1201–1213.

San Antonio Flood of 1921. Sep. 24, 2010. Web. Oct. 8, 2013. .

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Flood of San Antonio in 1921: Re-Evaluating the Effects. A Catastrophe Viewed Through a Different Lens by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Wilby, Robert L. and Rod Keenan. “Adapting to Flood Risk under Climate Change.” Progress in Physical Geography 36.3 (2012), 348–37.


“Confessions” a Book by St. Augustine Essay essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Content and Analysis

Confessions from the Point of the Seven Dimensions of Religion


Works Cited

Introduction In Confessions by St. Augustine, we can follow the path which St. Augustine went through in his philosophical and religious views. “The work is a tour de force of confession, a highly intimate and often lyrical confession of praises and of thanksgiving, of sins, and of faith, by a mortal man speaking to his omnipotent and omniscient God” (Kotzé 197).

Content and Analysis The second book starts from the desire of St. Augustine to recall of his memories from the past in order to recognize the rottenness of his past life once again and to love the God. He confesses that the passion rules his actions and that he sin a lot. “But, fool that I was, I foamed in my wickedness as the sea and, forsaking thee, followed the rushing of my own tide, and burst out of all thy bounds. But I did not escape thy scourges” (St. Augustine par. 5).

In the second book of Confessions, St. Augustine told us about his life when he was sixteen years old. At that time he did not recognize his mistakes and he achieved the understanding and recognitions of his actions later when he had adhered to Christianity.

In Chapter 5 of Book II, we get to know the reasons and consequences of people sins explained by St. Augustine on the examples of his own life. He also tells us that the God has forgiven his sins and rescued his soul.

“When, therefore, we inquire why a crime was committed, we do not accept the explanation unless it appears that there was the desire to obtain some of those values which we designate inferior, or else a fear of losing them. For truly they are beautiful and comely, though in comparison with the superior and celestial goods they are abject and contemptible” (St. Augusitine par. 15).

In Book VII, we see how long path St. Augustine has gone to become a Christian. In the search of the answers to his questions, he turned to Neo-Platonism and other philosophical movements. However, in Christianity, he obtained a real recognition of his life and actions.

In the first chapter, he mentions that his youth, which has been malicious and criminal, has come to the past, and he has entered in the mature age acquiring the life wisdom and true faith to God. The content of the seventh book gives us an understanding of how difficult it was for St. Augustine to repent sincerely and to become a true Christian.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In his search of the God, he analyzed his actions, his life, and his thoughts. In Chapter 7, he tells us how his minds and world perception has been changing. Eventually, he concludes that it is impossible to imagine something better that the God and the God is the highest virtue. He recognizes that as the God is the highest virtue, what the God wants and makes is also the highest virtue and the Word of the God is the highest value.

At this period of his life, although he was close to the Christian teachings, he mentioned that his thoughts were still unclear and he did not found the answers to all of his questions.

In Book IX, St. Augustine tells that his recognition of the God and the Christian values became deeper. The first chapter of the book starts from the quotes from the Psalms when the King David mentions that the God was the rescue to his soul.

Confessions from the Point of the Seven Dimensions of Religion Ninian Smart, one of the outstanding religious scholars, introduced seven dimensions of religion. According to his seven dimensions model, the formation of any ideology of the religion can be described on the basis of the analysis of the formation and changing of the world perception.

Smart insisted that the religious experience was the starting point of any religion formation. From the standpoint of his theory, Confessions of St. Augustine represent the bright example of the religious experience role in the development of the stable religious beliefs and views. In particular, the doctrinal and philosophical dimension is clearly observed in the work of St. Augustine as he formulates his ideas and philosophical views coherently. Besides, the emotional and experimental dimension characterizes Confessions of St. Augustine.

This dimension implies the expression of the personal feelings and emotions in the process of search of the answers to the religious questions. St. Augustine not only states which view he has adhered to in the particular period of his life but also expresses which feelings he experienced at that time.

Conclusion Confessions of St. Augustine represent an interesting theme for studying in the Religious Studies and Theology. From his work, it becomes clear how difficult way St. Augustine has gone through in his life to become spiritually mature personality with the stable religious views and the world perception.

We will write a custom Essay on “Confessions” a Book by St. Augustine specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More His work is rather interesting in context of the analysis of the seven dimensions of religion suggested by Ninian Smart. The doctrinal and philosophical as well as experimental and emotional dimensions are clearly observed in his work.

Works Cited Kotzé, Annemaré. Augustine’s Confessions: Communicative Purpose and Audience, Boston: Brill, 2004. Print.

St. Augustine n.d., Confessions. 10 Oct. 2013.


Entering the aviation workforce requires a unique skill set. Personnel must not only possess the necessary qualifications, but also meet college essay help online

Entering the aviation workforce requires a unique skill set. Personnel must not only possess the necessary qualifications, but also meet industry expectations such as the ability to work in a diverse and team-based environment, attention to detail, and a desire to learn. For this activity, you will create a presentation on the personal and professional attributes necessary for entry into your chosen career field. Consider the unique requirements for your field; the aviation industry is comprised of many different elements, each with its own distinctive environments. Job descriptions can be helpful in identifying specific traits employers are looking for, as the module resources indicated. Your presentation must include a minimum of five slides but no more than eight, not including the title slide or reference slide. It must have embedded audio and include speaker notes. Keep in mind that as a minimum your presentation must include: A specific occupation within or related to the aviation industry. The unique personal attributes required for your chosen occupation. The unique professional attributes required for your chosen occupation. How your identified personal and professional attributes assist employers in navigating industry changes.


Physical activity and cognitive health Essay college essay help: college essay help

Physical activity and cognitive health are two inseparable concepts. The interdependence is so great that any change in either one will result in immediate effect on the other.

Since ancient times it has been known that physical activity alleviates the symptoms of sadness, grief and more even depression. In a book titled “Fit and Well”, the authors present a close connection between fitness and well being of the mind and body. Not only is physical activity a great way to reduce stress and cure depression, it changes the lifestyle and allows for a better quality of life.

Overall, there are six dimensions that define a healthy lifestyle, they are: physical wellness, emotional, intellectual, interpersonal, spiritual and environmental (Fahey, Insel and Ruth 3). Physicians recommend physical activity to relieve the stress and depressed mood. On a strictly psychological level a person who exercises feels better about themselves morally.

They feel that they have accomplished something and the euphoric emotion overpowers the state of negativity. The bodily chemical functions and cognitive mechanisms are closely intertwined. It has been shown that physical activity greatly influences blood pressure, platelet function, heart rate, variability and the autonomic nervous system in general (Contrada 17).

Fitness helps a person to feel better by having an organization and structure of an activity. It does not necessarily have to be heavy lifting or other types of strength training. A game of volleyball, badminton or even swimming, will create changes in the brain that will release chemicals, which beneficially deal with the depressed state.

When a person begins any sort of physical activity, the body arranges itself and prepares for a different state. The neural controls give a signal to the mechanisms in the body that affect the blood flow, skeletal muscles, tissues and organs (Otto 5). The activity of the body makes the brain release endorphins into the blood stream and as such, the whole mechanism of the body is affected. This happens unconsciously.

As briefly mentioned previously, cognitively, the physical activity creates a structure in a person’s life. The individual is looking forward to the exercise. There is a change in plans, adjustment of the schedule, which forces a person to think about the future activity. The state after the exercise is another level of reward and relief. Also, wellness in the environment and social interaction are closely connected, as a person must be one with the world.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Recycling and keeping the living conditions healthy, leads to a more satisfying existence. Proper and respectful communication with other creates a circle of friends who are also part of a healthy lifestyle. Nutrition is another important factor, as the body greatly depends on the food people intake. Vitamins and minerals contained in fruits and vegetables provide energy and a strong metabolism to fight off illnesses and diseases (Fahey, Insel and Ruth 5).

After acquiring information about fitness and wellness, it will help adjust a person’s lifestyle. Light exercise in the morning, daily walks or bike rides will be enough to help the organism. Proper diet and regular check-ups will ensure that both mind and body are happy. Overall, it is clear that exercise is a very effective way to lead a healthy lifestyle. Environment, personal emotions, nutrition and interaction with others, all play a role in how strong and positive a person is.

Works Cited Contrada, Richard. The handbook of stress science: Biology, psychology, and health. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, 2010. Print.

Fahey, Thomas, Paul Insel and Walton Ruth. Fit


Importance of Strength Training for People in Modern Society Essay best essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Benefits of Strength Training

Importance of the Topic

Works Cited

Introduction Strength training is a vital feature of physical exercise that is deemed important for the human health. The exercise has numerous benefits that are cardinal for physical and mental health of an individual. Despite the mentioned advantages, most people tend to ignore the exercise due to the belief that it is meant for particular individuals such footballers, weight lifters, soccer players, athletes and other professionals in sports.

Strength training is significant for everybody regardless of age, profession, or gender. Its success depends on proper planning and identification of goals and objectives to be achieved (Thomas 189). This study therefore looks at strength training as one of the essential elements of physical exercise.

Benefits of Strength Training In addition to the general benefit of improving body performance, strength training has specific advantages which are imperative for the human body. These include increased level of energy in the body, healthy and efficient weight loss, enhanced performance of the digestive system due to improved metabolic processes, reduced level of stress and improved intellectual performance (Kraemer 278).

The exercise is also important in managing the level of depression. Physical body exercise enables the brain to regulate the movement of endorphins which are essential in controlling depression during and after the exercise (Robert and Ross 67).

Strength training plays a vital role in protecting the human body against diseases, for instance, heart disease which is associated with the level of body activity can be easily controlled by physical exercise. Particular functions of the heart such as cardiovascular activities are enhanced through regular involvement in physical exercises such as body training.

Strength training is also important in increasing the performance of respiratory system of the body by improving the functions of the lungs and other respiratory organs. Moreover, exercise reduces the rate of bone infection by strengthening the bones and enhancing the level of bone mineral (Thomas 189).

To realize the above benefits, it is very cardinal to properly organize and plan strength training activity. This should also include identification of the training aims which have to be achieved (Kraemer 278). A good training program should be pursued on a regular basis. It is also important to determine the training activity which is suitable for the body. When selecting the appropriate activity, it is important for one to seek guidance from a professional who can also help in identification of the training objectives (Robert and Ross 67).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Importance of the Topic As an individual who chose the topic I have learned some lessons that are important for personal life development, for example, I have learned that strength training enhances one’s self confidence, self-esteem and self-worth. Strength training improves the level of self confidence by enabling an individual to acquire a desired body shape and appearance which is important for evaluation of one’s physical abilities (Thomas 189). Moreover, I have also learnt that strength training is very important in reducing the rate of ageing.

The topic discussed in this study will help me make some changes in my lifestyle in order to achieve good health. The changes include increasing the level of participation in physical exercises, seeking guidance from health professionals on the most appropriate physical activity and encourage friends and relatives to participate in strength training. These changes will play an important role improving body energy and health.

Works Cited Kraemer, William. Science and Practice of Strength Training. Champaign, Ill: Human Kinetics Publishers, 2006. Print.

Robert, Kennedy and Don, Ross. Muscle Blasting: Brief and Brutal Shock Training. Sterling Publishing, 2004. Print

Thomas, Faye. Fit and Well: Core Concepts and Labs in Physical Fitness and Wellness: McGraw Hill 10th Ed, 2008. Print.


Climate change and extreme weather conditions Essay essay help: essay help

Climate change has been widely discussed in all aspects. In this regard, the latest global heat wave rekindled the debate on climate change. Proponents of climate change argue that human activities are to be blamed for the current global climate change. Essentially, human activities are cited as the major cause of global warming.

The Intergovernmental Panel’s on Climate Change (IPCC) recent reports indicates close links between human activities and changes in the global climate (Burke 2). The relationships between human activities and global warming are yet to be ascertained though the symptoms are obvious. In fact, extreme weather conditions experienced around the world are attributed to human actions.

The current heat wave is one of the extreme weather conditions resulting from climate change due to human activities. Even though critics argue against the link between extreme weather conditions and climate change, scientific evidence clearly indicate a strong correlation between the global warming and the extreme weather conditions.

However, researchers in this field have been cautious when drawing conclusions directly linking extreme weather conditions to climate change (Burke 2). The opponents question the validity and reliability of current data basing their arguments on the history of world climate. Historically, the world has experienced calamitous heat waves, floods as well as other extreme weather conditions without human activities involved.

In the recent past, scientists have continued to draw in data linking the two variables. The agreement across the board is that human activities such as emissions of the greenhouse gases have contributed to global warming. As such, there should be sustained measures to limit the greenhouse gas emissions (Thurber 2). Unless such measures are undertaken, dangerous heat waves as well as floods are likely to re-occur. In addition, prolonged draughts as well as coastal flooding have increased chances of extreme weather conditions occurrence.

Nonconformist scientists and politicians often dispute about the predictions, yet the number of disasters arising from extreme weather conditions is undoubtedly escalating. In addition, similar data from various sources cannot be disputed on the ground of validity and reliability (Thurber 2). In fact, data from climate agencies indicate similar results with slight variations.

For instance, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and National Climate Data Center (NCDC) indicate that the last thirteen years have experienced the hottest periods within 132 years. Precisely, the hottest period ever recorded since 1895 occurred from 2001 to 2013. The IPCC, which has been involved in various researches around the world, predicts more extreme weather conditions in the coming decade (Zaelke and Veerabhadran 2).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the IPCC reports that the frequencies of extreme weather conditions have increased. Previously, the heat waves occurred once in 20 years. Currently, the heat waves occur two times in one decade. The prediction is that continuous emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere leads to reoccurrences of global warming within two years.

Heat waves are not the only extreme weather conditions that are expected to occur but also flooding, hurricanes, prolonged drought, coastal flooding as well as ice storms are expected in the next decade. The IPCC, which is concerned with the climate studies, normally has accurate predictions and warn associates against premature judgments (Zaelke and Veerabhadran 2). The panel depends on clear evidence to make conclusive predictions.

The reason is that many factors that tend to explain the variations in world temperatures are not directly linked. In other words, there is disconnection between the current causes of extreme weather conditions and the similar past climate situations. The explanations provide facts used by critics to argue their case. In addition, the conclusions drawn from the data taken within 132 years cannot be linked with the similar data from another century.

Consistent with the recent report released by the IPCC and the UN panel, human actions contribute immensely to climate change. The reports follow the studies undertaken to determine the relationship between climate change and human activities. In fact, the reports indicate that typhoons, hurricanes and coastal flooding are likely to increase in this decade (Shank 1). The recent reports concur with previous information on climate change and extreme weather conditions.

In addition, the studies indicate that greenhouse gas emissions are the major cause of climate change (Zaelke and Veerabhadran 2). Some of the effects of greenhouse gas are the extremely high and low atmospheric temperatures. The cyclic global temperatures are prone to intense weather conditions. The data is supported by basic atmospheric science arguing that warmer air causes intense drought and heat waves. The result also explains the cause of the recent heat waves.

According to the reports, the extreme temperatures are also likely to cause increased frequency of precipitation associated with typhoons, cyclones, hurricanes as well as coastal floods. In addition, available data indicate that heavy rains are expected to rise in many parts of the world within this century due to increased atmospheric pressure and temperature (Shank 1).

Even though recent statistics are almost similar to the previous information, the accuracy of data collection and analysis improves the reliability of the conclusions drawn. In other words, the two agencies are majorly concerned with accuracy of the data to draw plausible correlations between the human activities and the global warming.

We will write a custom Essay on Climate change and extreme weather conditions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The IPCC and the UN also found out increasing human susceptibility to extreme weather conditions. While carbon emissions continue to be unabated, human vulnerability to the extreme weather conditions persistently increases (Leonhardt 1).

Flawed decisions on climate change by governments and industrialists together with continued increasing populations are exposing the majority of people to the harms of extreme weather conditions.

Human activities including land use, rapid urbanization, unchecked coastal developments and growth of megacities have led to the increased vulnerability of rural and urban communities to the tribulations resulting from extreme weather conditions. The reports argue that necessary measures have to be taken to avert extreme weather related problems.

Global warming related problems have been cited to vary from social to economic aspects. In other words, climate change significantly influences the political and socio-economic trends around the globe. In particular, the global climate changes have affected the trends of global economic growth.

For instance, the Colorado floods and Yosemite Rim Fire are examples of the devastating effects of climate change. In addition, the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS) argued that over fifty percent of extreme weather events in 2012 were influenced by changes in climate (Leonhardt 1). The consequences of the calamities ranged from crippling of tourism to loss of homes and livelihoods.

Further, the weather events posed risks to the economic growth. Moreover, a research by the US Department of Energy (USDE) asserted that energy infrastructure is gradually more susceptible to extreme weather events emanating from climate change. For example, the wildfire that occurred in close proximity to Yosemite National Park in San Francisco led to the declaration of state of emergency due to the threats the wildfire posed to the city’s electricity supply plant.

According to Yale Project on Climate Change Communication (YPCCC), most American citizens are prepared to engage in peaceful civil defiance against organizations promoting global warming in operations. The government’s lack of environmental policy change initiatives is increasingly perturbing the public.

For instance, the Keystone XL pipeline project is facing mass opposition from the public due to the venture’s environmental implications (Shank 1). Through such protests, the government has initiated climate bill, carbon tax as well as having set up the strict limits of carbon emissions into the atmosphere.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Climate change and extreme weather conditions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moreover, companies have been on the forefront in ensuring paradigm shifts towards carbon reductions and major ventures in renewable sources of energy (Gillis 1). Studies also indicate that abrupt changes experienced on the planet including melting, acidifying, flooding and warming have led to a completely different globe. In other words, higher amounts of black carbon in the atmosphere heat up the Earth.

Consequently, extreme weather events characterized by heat waves, heavy rains and violent storms occur. Such weather conditions adversely affect vegetation and animals. Scientists link such extreme weather conditions to climate change. The assessment of climate science by the IPCC indicates that the continuous warming of the atmosphere, sea level rise, alterations in the global water cycle and diminishing snow levels are the results of the human influence.

The panel has achieved remarkable successes through endorsement of the carbon budget for humanity. In reality, the regulation of the amount of carbon and greenhouse gases by industries and clearing of forests have led to burning up of approximately a trillion metric tons of carbon and the reduction of planetary warming to about two degrees above the sea level (Shank 1).

However, climate-cynic organizations contend that the report by the IPCC is hysterical and exaggerated. For instance, the Heartland Institute argues that anticipated global warming would be insignificant to be transformed into climatic calamity. In essence, the critics argue that due to the slow rates of global warming experienced over the last decade, rapid reductions in global warming are imminent (Gillis 1).

The administrators of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have put forward the necessary steps that the government should implement to counter the rising climate alterations nationally and at the global level. As the world experiences continuous warming with highest levels of humidity occurrence over the last ten years, the deficiency of actions to curb climate change has negatively influenced the ambiance.

As such, governments are embracing market-based models in reduction of greenhouse gas discharges by imposing carbon taxes on power plants releasing higher amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Augmented ventures in clean energy expertise are also critical in spurring firm economic inclination along with habitable atmosphere.

Most importantly, the amendment of Montreal Protocol (MP) of 1989 will be significant in solving the ozone problems by phasing out warming chemicals including the hydro-fluorocarbons. In reality, the presence of common sense conservative principles based on protecting health, utilization of superior expertise available and innovativeness in economy to obtain solutions have been instrumental in solving climate concerns such as depletion of the ozone layer, pollution of rivers and problems caused by acid rain.

The US citizens have increased calls for the adoption of hydraulic fracturing process in the extraction of natural gas to prevent the emission of carbon in the atmosphere. The use of hydraulic fracturing process will also reduce threats to drinking water and the environment (Gordon 2).

Further, the government is encouraging the utilization of alternative energy sources including wind and solar power. Moreover, increased investments in research, innovative-generation of energy such as use of nuclear plants and experimental expertise are significant in ensuring low-carbon presence in the atmosphere.

Environmental experts have come up with diverse strategies aimed at ensuring a habitable atmosphere. For instance, the actions taken by the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) under the Clean Air Act (CLA) have restricted the discharge of effluents from power plants.

In fact, the EPA has stringent discharge standards for the stationary sources leading to virtual elimination of coal-fired plants. However, significant steps put forward at the United Nations climate caucus produce positive impacts on promoting political goodwill to climate change.

In this regard, the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) projects focusing on reducing of greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon, methane, lower-level ozone and hydro-fluorocarbons, will reduce global warming by 40%. In addition, the diminution in global warming is capable of preventing over three million demises resulting from the contamination of the environment.

As it can be observed, climate scientists have continuously forecasted and warned about the increased global temperatures that lead to extreme weather conditions, such as severe droughts, intense flooding as well as ferocious storms. Reports by the United Nations and other climate change agencies indicate that human activities are to be blamed for the extreme weather situations as well as climate changes experienced all over the globe today.

In addition, the scientists warn that weather extremes are projected to worsen in the coming years. In essence, the greenhouse gas emissions resulting from human activities augment heat and coastal floods as well as increase levels of precipitation (Bordessa 1). The UN report stated that higher temperatures triggered such disasters as floods, heat waves and snowstorms.

As such, the UN has moved to establish the maximum frontier on greenhouse gas emissions. The scientists warn that if humans continue disgorging the greenhouse gases into the atmosphere through their activities, irreversible climate changes are eminent. Actually, the utilization of economical natural gases and current fuel principles as well as rules regulating mercury have led to the reduction of greenhouse gas discharge into the atmosphere by seventeen percent

Additionally, the utilization of filters on automobiles and the use of low-sulfur diesel fuels have benefited California by cutting the level of warming effect caused by diesel by over fifty percent. Further, many countries in the developing world are embracing resourceful biomass stoves, solar lamps and modern brick kilns as opposed to conventional mud stoves and utilization of kerosene lamps leading to reduction of carbon emissions into the atmosphere.

Moreover, several initiatives include reduction of leaks from gas pipes, capturing methane from waste dumps and water treatment plants as well as reducing discharges from rice paddies. In essence, the elimination of such temporary climate noxious wastes is significant in slowing the pace of global warming.

Works Cited Bordessa, Kris. “Global Climate Change Linked to Extreme Weather?” Wired 11 February 2012: 1. Web.

Burke, Marshall. “Weather and Violence.” The New York Times 30 August 2013: 2. Web.

Gillis, Justin. “U.N. Panel Finds Climate Change Behind Some Extreme Weather Events.” The New York Times 18 November 2011: 1. Web.

Gordon, Kate. “Let’s Upgrade Our Insurance Policy on Climate-Change Risk.” The Wall Street Journal 25 September 2013: 2. Web.

Leonhardt, David. “It’s Not Easy Being Green.” The New York Times 9 February 2013: 1. Web.

Shank, Michael. “Fed Up With Climate Change Apathy.” US News 19 September 2013: 1. Web.

Thurber, Mark. “Carbon Pricing Is the Best First Step to Address Global Warming.” The Wall Street Journal 25 September 2013: 2. Web.

Zaelke, Durwood and Veerabhadran Ramanathan. “Going Beyond Carbon Dioxide.” The New York Times 6 December 2012: 2. Web.


Movies in the 1960s Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Introduction Data collection through interviews offers a researcher first hand information on the subject. This paper explores the movie scene in the 1960s as explained by the 74 years old retired American marine called Mr. Van Clerk. Specifically, the treatise explores the movie theatres in the downtown of New York City.

Mr. Van Clerk is a retired Marine who lives in the downtown area of the New York City. He was raised in the same neighborhood until he joined the military in the early 1970s. In the view of this retired citizen, action movie was the main center of attraction to movie theatres in the downtown area. Most of the action movies were inspired by the previous Second World War and the need to paint the war soldiers of this war as the true heroes of America.

Mr. Van recollects that the entire geographical region of downtown New York had only three movie theatres. The theatres were located in the eastern corner, Central Street and the southwest end near the Downtown National Park.

Though several decades have passed, Mr. Van describes his first day at the movie theatre in the company of his father at the age of 14 years. Specifically, the first action movie he watched was the famous Attack blockbuster. This event reaffirmed his passion for action movies and career choice. In fact, Mr. Van ended up as an army officer to emulate the main character in this particular movie.

In the 1960s, movie tickets were sold several days before the actual screening. Mr. Van stated that there were different types of movie tickets depending on the number of attendees and sitting position in the theatre. Though the price margin for different kinds of tickets was fairly negligible, Van recalls that having a VIP ticket would mean a better view and free snacks.

The snacks that were sold during screening in these movie theatres were the traditional pop corns and soft drinks. Mr. Van recollects that the female ushers would serve the snacks to the attendees at a cost of between five cents and ten cents. The most expensive snack was the milk shake which was retailing at fifteen cents.

The movie theatres, according to Mr. Van, showed three films for each admission during the weekends and two films during the weekdays. The busiest day in the movie theatres was Fridays since most releases were screened on this day.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Though the movie screens were black and white, Mr. Van recollects that the sound proofing technology was in existence and viewing quality was average. The main themes in the action movies of the 1960s were heroism , revenge, and punishment for felony against the state. Mr. Van recalls the movies Attack and Vikings as his favorite action films. He has since kept a copy of each in his expansive action series home library.

In the view of Mr. Van, movie producers of the 1960s were generally ethical on the extent of what they displayed as explicitly violent motion images. He recalls attending these films with his seven years old sibling without having to deal with later nightmares from this minor. This is no longer the case since Mr. Van has reservation for excessive violence display in action movies despite the parental advisory message exempting teenage audience.

Conclusion Conclusively, Mr. Van accepts that the current movie theatres have better sound proofing, viewing, and sitting arrangement. It is apparent that action movies were more appreciated in the 1960s than today in the memory of this retired soldier.


Complete initial post and at least one response in the interactive case analysis forum. Refer to the “Case Analysis Essay essay help online

Complete initial post and at least one response in the interactive case analysis forum. Refer to the “Case Analysis Procedures” document for guidelines. Apply the secular approach covered in the chapter in which the case appears in addition to Biblical ethics, and note the differences. After reading and analyzing all the cases listed below, choose ONE to write about in your post. Describe how you would analyze the case, what you would do, and why. Then, read your classmate’s analyses and reply to at least two, noting areas where you agree or disagree with their analysis or decision. The cases for this week are the following:
Chapter 10 Opening Scenario, pp. 181-182
Ethical Vignette 1, p. 195
Chapter 11 Opening Scenario, pp. 196-197
Ethical Vignette 2, pp. 209-210
Chapter 12 Opening Scenario, pp. 211-212
Ethical Vignette 2, p. 225
Chapter 13 Opening Scenario, pp. 226-227
Ethical Vignette 1, p. 237.


Health Promotion for Child Obesity essay help: essay help

My health program must address child obesity in america. I am getting my masters in health education in order to become a physical education teacher. In this class we’ve discussed theories and models for health promotion, communities needs for assessment, and mission statement, goals and objectives for health programs. These are the details for the paper:

You are asked to plan a health promotion program, discuss the implementation, as well as outline the evaluation process. Please propose a community or a population you want to design a health promotion program for. In a 5 to 8 page paper, you will address all required areas of the case. Your task for this case study is:

1. Please describe the health and quality of life problems that this community or population group is facing. Which health problem seems the most important? 2. Please choose one health problem for your project. What behavioral factors influence this problem? Which of these behaviors are more important and which are more amenable to intervention? Which behaviors would you intervene on based on these considerations? What environmental aspects seem to also affect the health issue you selected? 3. What are the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors for the health behaviors you identified for question 2? What are the enabling factors related to the environmental influences you detected for question 2? 4. What policies, resources, and circumstances can facilitate or hinder intervention on the factors you identified for question 3? 5. What data sources did you use to answer questions 1-4? If you were doing a project in real life, and this would be a comprehensive plan, how would you gather your needs assessment data? What would be your primary and secondary data sources?


Portfolio Package Essay college essay help near me

Throughout this course, you have taken steps to identify the risks in your community, identify the actions that the community has taken to address those risks, and prepare some priority issues to address in risk management. Now, this work will be combined to create a portfolio package. You should prepare this portfolio package as if you were going to an interview panel and interviewing for a position as the community’s chief resiliency officer. The chief resiliency officer is equal to the other department heads in the organization and reports directly to the chief executive such as the city manager or county administrator.
You have flexibility in how you organize the portfolio package. However, the components that make up your portfolio package should include corrections and updates that you made based on integrating the feedback provided by your professor about your previous assignments.
You have the option to submit your portfolio package as multiple files or as a single file.
Your portfolio package will include the elements listed below.
Include an executive summary that introduces the portfolio package and highlights the priority focuses for risk management and hazard mitigation that you have identified. Your executive summary should include an overview of the current activities in disaster risk reduction and risk management that are being used in your community and your new action plan that provides a snapshot of how you would frame or change the risk management activities of the office, should you get the chief resiliency officer position.
Your portfolio package will also include your revised and updated assignments from Units II, IV, VI, and VII. You should update them as needed to address the feedback provided by your instructor. Specifically, make certain to include the following elements:
Unit II Article Critique: Incorporate your article critique discussing an emergency support function issue for today’s first responders.
Unit IV Research Paper: This section should contain the research and evaluation of your local hazard mitigation plan.
Unit VI PowerPoint Presentation: Include your presentation, which focused on the evaluation of your community’s hazard mitigation plan.
Unit VII Scholarly Activity: Include your briefing memo.
APA Style should be followed.


I chose a passage from a reading that I should state why I chose it. The requirement: “A passage custom essay help

I chose a passage from a reading that I should state why I chose it. The requirement: “A passage might be selected because it illustrates the author’s central argument, seems confusing or raises questions, connects to ideas or information presented in lectures or other readings, or inspires a creative thought in the reader.”
The passage I chose from an article:
“The mental hurdles that one would have to jump in order to fathom a world where the siege on the Capitol was mounted by Black people are too high. Because not only can I not imagine it, I do not want to imagine the massacre that would have been the result of anything that looked like what we saw on January 6. But while I cannot and do not want to imagine that scenario, I can hope for a world where it would not be necessary.”

The article link:


Please watch Regina Hartley’s TED Talk “Why the Best Hire Might Not Have the Perfect Resume (Links to an custom essay help: custom essay help

Please watch Regina Hartley’s TED Talk “Why the Best Hire Might Not Have the Perfect Resume (Links to an external site.).” In this 11-minute presentation, Hartley argues that when given the choice between a job candidate with a perfect resume and one who has fought through difficulty, companies should always give the “scrapper” a chance.

Answer the following questions:

What do you think scrappers can contribute to organizations and how as a hiring manager you could determine if someone is a scrapper.
Discuss what you think are the biggest challenges for managers who want to effectively address individual differences.
Do you think that people can change their personality? Explain your point of view.


It is known that the vast majority of technology company employees are white, male, and Asian. For example, Google’s essay help

It is known that the vast majority of technology company employees are white, male, and Asian. For example, Google’s U.S. workforce is 61 percent white, 30 percent Asian, 4 percent of two or more races, 3 percent Hispanic, 2 percent black, and 1 percent other. These skewed demographics may be based on patterns and norms in elementary and high school, in addition to the “information gap” and pipeline problems. Furthermore, organizations may have a systematic problem based on hiring managers’ beliefs, stereotypes, or unconscious biases. Apply the 3-Step Problem-Solving Approach to OB to solve this brief case study.

Step 1: Define the problem(s).

Step 2: Identify causes of the problem(s).

Step 3: Make recommendations for solving the problem(s) you identified.


Provides a complete, well-developed discussion of key points from the article using appropriate citations. •Ideas and statements are supported Essay college essay help: college essay help

Provides a complete, well-developed discussion of key points from the article using appropriate citations.
•Ideas and statements are supported by three or more examples from personal and/or professional experiences
•Provides own perspectives on the topic that’s reflective, insightful, and original
•Logical development of ideas with clear and accurate information
Its just a body paragraph on safety of sharp objects that is used in nursing or hospital setting etc. Examples’: needle, etc
Use scholarly source

• All information taken from the source, even if summarized, must be cited, and the article must be listed on the Reference page according to APA.
• All sources used are nursing journals published within the last five years


Dispositional Personality Theories Matrix Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Introduction There are several theories developed by philosophers to understand personality. According to Cervone (2001), dispositional theories can be described as a combination of numerous thoughts regarding the personality of human beings. These theories try to relate the character traits of an individual to personality.

The most popular dispositional theories are; the individual psychology theory and the trait and factor theory. Individual psychology theory, developed by Gordon Allport, is rooted on the fact that human beings exist in uniqueness, diversity and permanence of personal growth. On the other hand, trait and factor theory give emphasis to the application of factor analysis, a mathematical procedure used in reducing many variables to a small number.

This is useful since many traits of an individual can be cut down to particular traits that are used in describing an individual’s personality. One of the major drawbacks of Allport’s theory is that it is not grounded on scientific research. As such it can never be proved and does not explain the unconscious behaviors. Conversely, trait and factor theory embraces lots of research and believed to be accurate. However, it is more suitable to researchers than parents, educators, and counselors.

Description of how dispositional theories affect individual personalities Dispositional theories help in understanding the diverse personality elements amongst individuals. The way an individual respond to different situations is based on his or her attitudes, feelings, perceptions, interests and other sensations. Dispositional theories explain how these behaviors are portrayed in different individuals.

Primarily, the individual personality theory undertakes that different individuals have varied kinds of behaviors. Despite the fact that a group of persons may seem to have the same characters, each person portrays certain distinctive attributes. For example, different individuals have different views regarding life. While some people may have optimistic perceptions about life others may be cynical.

Gordon Allport assumes that dispositional features of an individual appear as traits and causes of personality. According to the theory, some character traits of an individual are cardinal, which means that they can be observed by everybody and are not concealed. Nonetheless, some behaviors are more elusive and may be observed in some situations only, like when an individual is stressed (Feist


Accounting Environment and Role in Economy Research Paper argumentative essay help

Accounting professionals give information on the economic trends and operations of corporations or people. From a historical point of view, such pieces of information were necessary for insiders in organizations. Nevertheless, with the complex nature of the growing economy, several players required the information for different reasons.

In providing information to stakeholders, accounting professionals have to abide by the regulations stipulated within their professional bodies. For instance, ethical practices and transparency facilitate mobilization of both domestic and international investments, as they promote confidence among investors (McPhail and Walters).

Accountants must be ethical in their dealings to prevent negative economic development, as evident from the cases of Lehman Brothers and Enron’s collapse. Accounting helps in creating a sound investment environment, and, as a result, promoting financial stability. This essay discusses the accounting environment, its aspects, and contributions to economic development.

Accounting environment collects, analyzes, and communicates information regarding economics to concerned groups in order to enable them make informed decisions on the issues at hand. For example, different groups in society require accounting information in deciding on how to allocate the scarce resources effectively. The practice of accounting by people for people makes it an art that requires societal inputs and collaborations to promote sustainable economic development.

In line with economic development, the accounting profession assists in maintaining global standards, business standards, sustainability, aiding capacity building, and integrated reporting (Nrupalia par. 4). When a market has good financial architectures, it assures investors of productivity and sustainability. For this to occur, market players must be accountable for all resources put in infrastructural developments, hence the need for accounting in the entire process.

International accountancy bodies work in unison to provide investors with full assurance on the promising nature of national economies. For example, over 100 nations that have embraced the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) recorded benefits in their economic signals. ACCA attests that global standards make it easy for comparison of transactions across borders and commands (Welch par. 3).

Companies that conduct transparent transactions using the global standards open-up their regions for receiving capital support. With the large pool of investors, the cost of capital for such companies goes down tremendously, hence increasing profitability and returns on investments.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In capacity building, just as physical infrastructure is essential in development and sustenance of economies, effective governance and financial reporting are also vital in developing a high level of assurance (Drever, Stanton, and McGowan). The coordination of activities among people, institutions, and standards has to be in a way that the accountancy capability develops to strengthen national and global economies.

For instance, Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) has been engaging national bodies in improving their regulatory and oversight roles as a proficient organization. As an accounting body, ACCA has improved awareness on professional auditing of their World Bank-funded projects in order to help countries develop sustainable action plans (Welch par. 6).

Capacity building underpins development of specific skills and enhances capacity of individuals and institutions, thus helping in carrying out corporate reporting. The 1997/98 crisis that faced Asian-Pacific region changed the international financial reporting standards in order to enhance transparency and data comparison. The US implemented the Sarbanes-Oxley following numerous scandals that had occurred in corporations by 2000.

At the same time, Europe witnessed the introduction of the Eighth Directive to avert reoccurrence of such scandals in corporations. In introducing guidelines that prevent occurrence of negative effects that can hurt the economy, the accounting profession worked towards ensuring a stable and better economy for all (Drever, Stanton, and McGowan).

Also, the scandals made the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) introduce Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs) to assist in accounting and auditing of developments and priorities in different nations and regions. In the report, presentation and evaluation of weaknesses and strengths of frameworks and accounting practices were evident, such that it revealed regulations and their application in different nations.

The implementation of international accounting principles and standards assist in creating an effective market for all stakeholders. As an accounting body, ACCA plays critical roles in capacity building activities by providing technical support and resources for round-table discussions (Welch par. 7). Notably, during such conferences, the body supports UNCTAD’s efforts outlining the regulatory and legal structure and institutional frameworks, which are significant in economic growth.

Accounting bodies work towards developing sound financial standards and systems are based on strong ethical and governance framework, and high-quality auditing and accounting standards since they are vital requirements for economic development (Duska, Duska, and Ragatz).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Accounting Environment and Role in Economy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When international investors understand the global standards, cross-border trade becomes prosperous given that the dealings remove reconciliation and translation costs. Moreover, the international regulations encourages transparency and easy comparisons for international transactions as well as reducing costs of capital for all companies as they have access to capital from a large pool of investors worldwide.

With high reliability and transparency rates in information provision, individual firms develop great confidence, which translates to low capital cost amidst reduction in interests rates and escalation in share prices. Global reporting standards that accounting profession has presented create easy comparability for world markets and even support labor mobility in which organizations can outsource for cheaper labor from different countries or companies.

On sustainability, accounting bodies promote sustainability reporting and transparency among corporate bodies. For ACCA, it believes that all organizations ought to report the impacts of their activities on the local society and environment and how they have put their policies into practice.

When entities report such effects credibly, they enhance stakeholder engagement and response to their concerns and requirements. Since sustainability is imperative to economic development, accounting bodies require companies to inculcate it in their business and corporate strategy. Such reports need frequent reporting and disclosure to stakeholders so that the sustainability process becomes central to both corporate and business decision-making.

Historical performances of organizations in the US and societal interventions show the benefits that accounting can bring in the economy of nations. The origin of modern accounting is traceable around the Gilded Age in the American society, where hardworking Americans developed innovative and creative spirits, which resulted in extraordinary economic boom. At the time, such innovative spirits went unfunded since exceptionally few individuals had economic strength to do so.

When Andrew Carnegie weakened a dam, which he had constructed in order to allow for more optimal fishing experience, the investment failed leading to loss of about 2,000 lives and $425 billion dollars in damages (Combs et al. par. 3). The Homestead incident, as well as the Haymarket Square Riot, resulted in public’s demand for enhanced regulations. As a way of ending privately owned monopolies, the Sherman Act of 1890 came into play.

During this period, organizations had to audit financial statements given that employees had began to gain more rights in the overall management of firms. For quality assurance purposes, constant auditing of firm’s financial statements became necessary. Clearly, investors still had no third party protection since employees were the auditors of financial statements. The whole concept was an internal affair of organizations, excluding outside stakeholders.

The implementation of the act across America resulted in prosperity in growth of companies in the 1920s. When firms started to realize slow cash flow, they began to search for new sources of capital from corporate stock issuance. Businesses relied on this option to expand their services and products to other customers in America.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Accounting Environment and Role in Economy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Companies began to manipulate financial records with the intention of driving up stock prices, repay their loans and attract and retain investors. This became possible since organizations made the development of accounting standards a private affair, hence were unregulated and designed poorly.

This incident made lawmakers to include shareholders in sharing of such information to avoid malpractices emanating from other market participants. The massive growth in financial markets and past occurrences in the market had necessitated for regulations such that by 1933, the government passed the Securities Act and formed the Security Exchange Commission (SEC) in 1934 (Combs et al. par. 6).

The introduction of SEC in the American market streamlined the overall operations of corporations, as the commission could hold them legally responsible for any misconduct. American businesspersons and financiers shifted their ideological thinking from being bound to their own principles to being bound to a hybrid principle from SEC. Evidently, accounting played significant roles in eliminating unprofessional conducts in the American economy.

Afterwards, SEC began to establish accounting principles that provided general conceptual framework for the profession through American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). The process made committees to come up with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) that guide accountants in making decisions on affairs that relate to their responsibilities.

As a way of sealing loophole of actions that one can take in case of a company’s departure from the codes, AICPA went on to create Generally Accepted Auditing Standards (GAAS), which has changing set of codes that enhances consistency and transparency in financial market reporting across the US. Such regulations helped Ireland in spurring its economy that had stagnated before 1984, as it was able to maintain low corporate tax rates to grow the economy by 6% (Combs et al. par. 10).

When the Republic of Ireland joined the European Union (EU), it paid a sturdy price during the financial crisis due to its failure to inculcate the ethical framework that could guide their engagements at corporate levels. The crisis led to loss of pay packages among government employees and increase in unemployment rate. Accounting principles help in managing such issues in a just and fair manner, and countries that have clear set of accounting principles continue to prosper economically.

When countries adopt a uniform and strong reporting system, international and domestic flows of resources is enhanced, as the move mitigates corruption and mismanagement of resources (Drever, Stanton, and McGowan). The Republic of Ireland made progressive steps in addressing the quality of corporate reporting from ethical perspectives to strengthen the domestic and international financial architecture.

Clearly, accounting helps in creating a leveled-play-ground for all businesses and investors by introducing specific regulations and guidelines that monitor market operations. The increased pace of globalization has made developing nations to introduce such codes and standards even though they face constant challenges to corporate reporting, such as weak legal systems and lack of human capabilities. Information disclosure in business assists in integrating sustainability ideas that are crucial in developing the economy.

In the development projects, accountants evaluate investment opportunities in line with the financial and non-financial benefits and aspects in order to ascertain whether a project is worthwhile or not. In the function of investment appraisal, accountants provide information that implementers can use to fund beneficial projects.

Therefore, the profession reduces instances of committing funds in non-beneficial investments, which only harms the economy of a country. Evidently, such pre-analysis supports growth of viable projects. Further, accountants have taken over the responsibility of preparing financial statements for business owners.

They also audit accounts of companies so that the information presented to the government and other stakeholders have high level of credibility. Therefore, they help business owners to track the performance of their dealings through preparation of financial statements and constant auditing of accounts. A prosperous economy must have credible information on the operations of businesses within their territories, and accountants are the real players in ensuring that credibility is paramount.

Fraudulent acts such as embezzlement and misappropriation of funds create an environment that is not growth-minded, thus hindering economic growth. Since fraudsters hurt the economy, restrictive measures have to be in place to monitor such acts to mitigate their occurrences. Accounting instills in its professionals internal controls that are effective in blocking loopholes that can aid fraudulent acts.

Currently, the accounting environment has included IT skills in their studies in order to produce all-round professionals who can mitigate fraud effectively in their areas of service. Information technology infrastructures have caused and aided fraudulent services, thus necessitating the need for inculcating IT in the study programs of accountants. The establishment and implementation of such functional internal controls in organizations is the work of accountants.

Undoubtedly, fraud remains a major threat to the operations of organizations, especially to financial institutions. Attempts by accountants to eliminate the vice results in economic growth. Moreover, accountants engage in proper financial management services to the companies and societies. Recovery from economic breakdowns, such as the 2008/2009 financial meltdown, requires technical skills that only accountants can provide.

The current climatic challenges that pose great threat to the sustainability of businesses have forced the accounting profession to widen their scope by determining costs that business ideas and resolutions have on the environment. Climate change has been a global issue, and businesses have focused their attention on sustainability such that their services have short and long-term goals on addressing the change.

From the perspective of environmental sustainability, it is unbeneficial to make huge profits and not care for the state of an environment in present and future dimensions. Environmental accounting has developed a conceptual framework that integrates the environmental, national income, managerial, and financial aspects (Baba par. 7).

Organizations that account for all their effluents and discharges are well placed to save on costs of expenses, as they are able to minimize waste from excess materials. Implementation of environmental accounting enables businesses to be productive in their service provision since they prevent environmental degradation, which can make them commit more funds in ecological management.

Accounting has an inclusive view of business operations by analyzing possible threats that can hamper economic growth and designing mitigation approaches to contain the situations. Therefore, environmental accounting assists in minimizing costs and negative effects that business operations might have on the environment (Henderson par. 1).

Economic development has to take into concern the environmental dynamics and the influence that businesses have on them. Accounting presents the cost analysis of their engagement and the advantages that arise. In the line of environmental protection, there are investments made for environmental protection and current operating expenses.

Business entities that identify, outline, and control the environmental costs and revenues can save money from diverse points and improve their external image easily. The move assures businesses of continuous existence due to the ease to attract and maintain new customers from their capabilities to access wider market. From this analysis, it is clear that accounting performs SWOT analysis in all business engagement to ensure inclusive development of the economy (Baba par. 9).

Accounting performs integrated reporting from a holistic approach to make stakeholders comprehend fully how organizations run their activities. Integrated reporting incorporates business model and corporate strategy to enable different audiences develop strong connections. A connection between short and long-term goals of a company offers confidence to investors in gauging the measurability, realistic and attainability nature of the objectives.

Accounting sets standards for businesses so that investors’ positions in the management remain mandatory. The development of accounting theory has helped in minimizing scandals that had been rampant before society comprehended the theory.

Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has developed conceptual frameworks that have helped society to comprehend some kind of knowledge base and mitigate loopholes in specified areas (Henderson par. 3). In giving society necessary information on business regulations, accounting helps in strengthening the economy through collective responsibility in fighting vices that can harm development.

The profession’s practice in training its auditors and accountants to remain ethical in their dealings is an essential step in supporting economic growth (Duska, Duska, and Ragatz). In serving the public’s interests, these professionals support utilitarianism idea where unrestricted free market is a guarantee.

Accounting assists in ensuring that market controllers adhere to distributive justice in all their engagement. For example, the analysis of tax policy and financial reporting at Enron Company where some companies had been reporting high profits in order to gain public confidence in their operations, yet they were making loses and ending up experiencing minimal tax costs.

Violation of ethics is the sole reason for the fall of the great company since greed pushed the top executive in making profits irrespective of their dealings. Such loopholes have posed great challenges to economic development, and the accounting profession has even instituted the use of both the internal and external auditors in analyzing company operations. Auditors must maintain a high level of integrity so that the public can gain complete confidence in the roles of the profession in administering businesses.

Transparency remains a significant factor in the presentation of financial reports of companies. Accounting embeds itself on the economy, and its dealings affect the dynamics of the economy. Accounting professionals have also shifted their services from company-based to client-based in order to gain insights into the thinking and expectations of the public on the global economy. The shift in focus has made it possible for accountants and auditors to prevent negative economic development.

Works Cited Baba, Mirela Camelia. “Advantages of Implementing Environmental Accounting within an Economic Entity.” University of Tibiscus. N.p. Web.

Combs, Madison, Nasser Mikdadi, Kevin Righi, and Aaron Sweger. “Accounting and Economic Development.” Virginia Tech: Pamplin College. N.p. Web.

Drever, Margaret, Patricia Anne Stanton, and Susan McGowan. Contemporary issues in accounting. Milton, Qld.: John Wiley


Canadian National Railway Co.: The Challenge and Fun of Innovation Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Chosen Strategy

Current Issues

Means to Address Emerging Problems

Competitiveness and the Related Challenges

Suggestions and Recommendations


Works Cited

Introduction Innovation will, probably, always remain among the hardest issues for the companies that have achieved certain success. When one starts a brand new business, it is clear that it has to keep in pace with time; when the business performance sways back and forth, innovations often turn out to the key to improving the current state of affairs.

However, when a company already is a success, maintaining its high standards often turns out to be very hard. Despite the fact that at present, Canadian National Railway is at the top of the list of the most successful companies in Canada, it is most likely to face a number of challenges in terms of tackling the competition issues unless the company, mainly because of the lack of initiative concerning its innovation strategies.

Chosen Strategy Among the latest breakthroughs that the Canadian National Railway Company has had since recently, the idea of resorting to a more environmentally friendly policy must be mentioned, as the 2012 report on the Canadian railroad transportation services says (CN Railway Explores Natural Gas to Reduce Emissions from Trains).

The strategy that brought the company at the top of the list of the Canada’s most successful businesses, the given approach seems to have been working well for the CN Railways for an entire year. However, now that the environmental awareness has died down, the fact that the CN Railways is now making its customers a part of the plan for saving the Earth has clearly worn out its welcome. While CN railways is yet enjoying its triumph, there are obvious signs that the company has stuck.

Current Issues However, now everything seems to flow well in the Canadian National Railway Co. According to the recent news, there have been a couple of railroad accidents that must have brought the amounts of customers’ trust towards the company down a few notches.

In addition, the fact that the company has been using the same approach for several years running seems rather sad. As long as the environmental awareness policy was a thing, it was natural to hear the CN emphasizing its pollution-safe concept; now that being environmentally aware is taken for granted, the emphasis on what should go without saying seems weird at the very least.

Means to Address Emerging Problems According to what White says in her paper, among the key factors of the Canadian National Railway’s triumph, which allowed the company to become one of the most successful railroad companies in the state, the deficiencies of its few competitors must be named firsthand.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Indeed, when taking a look back at what made the company so remarkable, one must mention the fact that success has always cared about keeping its services updated, unlike its rivals. In addition, the fact that the latter were quite few can also be considered the basic reason for the company’s success.

In the XXI century, however, the Canadian National Railway Company seems to have taken a back chair to maintaining the strategy that made it hit the list of the top hundred most successful organizations in Canada, and it clearly needs new means to boost the customers’ interest.

Seeing how the environmental craze has become less influential since recently, it will be required that, apart from announcing its environmentally friendly policy, the Canadian National Railway needs to incorporate a new idea into its current innovation policy, which will boost the company’s rating among the customers and help the Canadian National Railway Co. make its services even better.

According to Stitch and Miller, there has been a rapid increase in the demand for railroad freight transportation: “Railroads are increasingly moving finished consumer goods” (Stitch and Miller 605). Therefore, it is necessary to consider the possibilities that technological innovations open for transporting finished goods faster and safer. At present, it will be most reasonable for the Canadian National Railway Co. to check the

Competitiveness and the Related Challenges In addition to the issues regarding transportation safety and speed, it will also be require to keep an eye on the possible rivals. Even though the company does not seem to have any in the observable future, it is still necessary to keep in mind that railroad freight transfer may lose points in comparison to, say, airway goods transportation (King, Case and Premo 77).

Indeed, the idea of alternative transportation services being the rival of the Canadian National Railway Co. is quite threatening. After all, it must be admitted that railway is not the fastest means of transport. Therefore, airways and other transportation means have impressive chances in the contest with the Canadian National Railway Co.

Suggestions and Recommendations When it comes to defining the further avenues for the company to develop, one may assume that the best way for the Canadian National Railway Co. to handle its current issues is to reconsider its values and get the company’s priorities straight. Although it might seem that the organization needs some urgent measures to be undertaken to address the emerging issue an prevent the possible catastrophe, it is clear that hasting things up will not do the Canadian National Railway Co. any good at the moment.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Canadian National Railway Co.: The Challenge and Fun of Innovation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Instead, it will be necessary to evaluate the company’s chances for success and figure out how much time exactly it has to balance at the top of the most valuable companies list. As soon as the customers’ demands are taken into account and the company’s course in terms of innovations is redefined, it will be safe to say that the Canadian National Railway Co. is going to do well in the next decade.

Conclusion As the assessment of the Canadian National Railway’s assets and evaluation of the challenges that the company is facing currently has shown, even for a company of that great a scale, it is important to make sure that every single element of the mechanism that allows for the company’s performance is updated in accordance with the latest demands in the specified sphere.

As the example of the Canadian National Railway Company shows, it is important to make sure that the potential customers are not only aware of the innovational strategies adopted by the companies, but are able to appreciate the effort that the company makes.

Since in the given case, the environmental awareness issue seemed to have died down by the time that an environmentally friendly approach was undertaken by Canadian National Railway, it would be reasonable to announce a new concept that the company could follow in order to both improve customer service and show that the company is doing its best to keep the tack of the latest advances in technology, economics, management, etc.

Therefore, the given case shows how important it is to carry out a well-balanced policy and to keep an eye on both economical and social changes.

Works Cited “CN Railway Explores Natural Gas to Reduce Emissions from Trains.” Corporate Knights (Fall 2012), 14.

King, Darwin L., Carl J. Case and Kathleen M. Premo. “2012 Mission Statements: A Ten Country Global Analysis.” Academy of Strategic Management Journal 12.1 (2013), 77–91. EBSCHOHost.

Stitch, Bethany and Chad R. Miller. “A New Public Philosophy for a New Railroad Era.” Administrative Theory


Legal-Ethical Issues Affecting Patient Rights for the Elderly Essay online essay help

Ethics is an important part of the field of nursing; it concerns moral aspects of people behavior and attitudes. As practice shows, there are often ethical dilemmas related to personal responsibilities and freedoms.

Every patient has their legal rights and every nurse practitioner is to respect those rights regardless of gender and age of the patient (Kapp, 2000). It is important that elderly patients and their loved ones be aware of the ethical issues that may arise and be ready to cope with them. Healthcare professionals working with the elderly face complex situations related to many legal and ethical issues.

The moral and legal standards for people caring for the elderly remain critical for ensuring that older persons access quality services. Ethical issues are a commonplace in our modern society. People who respect moral issues are frequently confronted with situations requiring them to make ethical choices. It is a commonplace to find some people confronted with ethical dilemmas (Kapp, 2000).

Older adults are frequently more susceptible to those than the average people are. The people who are trusted to care for the older adults sometimes take advantage of the older person’s condition for different reasons (Tabloski, 2010). The legal and ethical issues that affect patient rights of the elderly include confidentiality, informed consent, relationships, and medical code.

Confidentiality is one of the legal and moral issues that affect the patients’ rights for the elderly. Healthcare professionals should normally keep details about their elderly clients confidential. They should show respect for the autonomy of their elderly clients. Disclosing information about patients is legally and morally incorrect (Tabloski, 2010). However, healthcare professionals are sometimes confronted with the legal and ethical dilemma of having to release information about their patients to the family members.

Healthcare malpractice is also both a legal and moral issue that affects the patient rights for the elderly (Pozgar, 2010). The professionals who offer healthcare services to older persons must always put safety and health of their clients first.

Injuries related to medical processes, the use of faulty equipment or medicine, and deliberate acts that cause harm to the elderly have both legal and moral consequences (Kapp, 2000). Healthcare professionals practice defensive medicine to avoid litigations from the family members of their elderly patients who may allege negligence.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The law protects the concept of informed consent in healthcare profession because it is both a legal and moral issue. All patients must give consent to permit treatment to take place (Pozgar, 2010). However, informed consent presents many challenges for healthcare professionals who work with the elderly because it has serious legal and moral implications.

Sometimes the elderly cannot give consent to sanction their treatment because they may be too weak. The elderly person, who requires surgery but cannot offer consent, presents the healthcare professionals with serious dilemmas (Kapp, 2000). When treating an elderly person, doctors face potential dilemma between morality and the law.

The kind of relationship that healthcare professionals can have with their elderly clients can have legal and moral implications in relation to patient rights for the elderly (Kapp, 2000). Associating with the elderly clients is protected by the medical code of ethics. Healthcare professionals who violate the ethical codes with their elderly clients face the risk of being disqualified from the roll of practitioners.

The Purpose of Advanced Directives If a serious medical condition does not allow people to take decisions regarding their treatment, this responsibility goes to the patient’s relatives. If there are no relatives, the physician or the hospital can fall responsible for your further treatment.

However, preparing An Advance Directive is a way to predict such a situation and make sure that only you will be responsible for your end of life treatment. The Advance Directive will provide guidance to those responsible for the patient’s treatment when he/she is unable to make decisions independently.

Advance Directives entail the legal papers where people spell out their decisions in relation to the end of life healthcare services in advance. The fundamental reason why people draw advance directives is to ensure that they can access the specific treatment they want, as well as refuse healthcare services they do not want. (Tabloski, 2010). . It is significant in reducing confusion during the end of life healthcare provision. Advance directives are a commonplace in the elderly healthcare service delivery. (Tabloski, 2010).

The application of advance directives remains crucial to the provision of quality healthcare to the elderly. The notable issues that advance directives cover include the application of breathing machines to prolong the life of older persons. The elderly can also spell out whether they would permit healthcare professionals to perform resuscitation procedure on them should they face breathing problems. Furthermore, the elderly can declare whether they would permit maintenance of their life using tube feeding (Tabloski, 2010).

We will write a custom Essay on Legal-Ethical Issues Affecting Patient Rights for the Elderly specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is notable that sometimes healthcare professionals make decisions to ignore advance directives drafted by the elderly. This is a commonplace in scenarios where doctors consider such directives irrelevant based on their moral standards.

It is also possible for doctors to refuse directives because of misinterpretation of the law and inconsistencies associated with moral consciences and professional responsibilities (Rai