An accounting and auditing system enables businesses to use their data in a uniformed way. It eliminates the possibility of financial information being applied differently in decision making since it is interpreted differently across the organization.
Through an accounting system, the financial information from a company can be relayed in a manner that is void of ambiguity since the system does the interpretation and giving of results.
Internal controls of an accounting system supplement the analysis, implementation and design divisions of an accounting system (Leitch, p. 71).
It is the internal control that safeguards the entire accounting system from the risk of fraud, violation and external manipulation. It functions as a complete system that is found inside the larger accounting system but having different roles.
Thanks to the internal control, the information provided by the accounting system becomes reliable and timely. It is timely since the control protects against external interference which can interfere with the speed of operations.
The information is reliable since the control protects the system from fraud and abuse. The internal control thus ensures that financial information is accurate so that decision making can be effective. For a sales accounting system, the internal control ensures that there is environmental control.
Environmental control refers to the resulting employee behaviour and attitude as a result of the objectives set by management. Environmental control ensures that the goals set by management do not go against ethical work practice.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is crucial for the sales accounting system to be able to assess common business risks that are faced by the business at different stages of growth.
Risk assessment becomes important if the sales function operates in a risky environment. In this case, employees are better placed to carry out risk assessment even though it is supposed to be a function performed by management.
Risk assessment and environmental control are functions that threaten the success and profitability of a business. The sales function cannot therefore operate without these roles performed by the internal control.
Information communication, monitoring, risk assessment and environmental control ought to take place in the internal control itself so as to eliminate the possibility of inefficiencies, errors and inadequacies.
Crazy Eduardo can use the following simple chart which indicates the possible controls for a layout of risks.
Control 1 Control 2 Likelihood of breach Magnitude of breach Risk 1 Risk 2 The internal control safeguards the sales accounting system from the threat of fraud which occurs when unauthorized parties can access financial information.
Financial information is sensitive to a company and unauthorized parties should not be able to access it. Even in the sales function, secrecy of information is important so that marketing strategies cannot leak to competitors.
We will write a custom Case Study on Crazy Eduardo’s Retail Inc. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The internal control enables the sales manager to keep financial information confidential and available only to authorized personnel.
Strengths of an internal control Since computerization is widely used in businesses globally, this method of handling sales information is relevant and up to date. Internal control is a computerized approach in the handling of financial information.
It therefore brings the advantages of having computerized accounting records in the company. This method of handling information separates the business from people who are considered as external parties.
For instance, family members of the owners previously had easy access to company records when financial information was stored manually.
Computerization prevents unauthorized access into company records which enables the sales affairs to be void of interference from family members. This approach also prevents malpractice of employees who handle cash.
The internal control keeps track of the operations of the sales accounting system. Hence, it becomes difficult for the personnel handling cash to misappropriate funds since everything is computerized.
Control is important in the sales function as sales involve the following activities by the sales team: credit, sales, accounting (accounts receivable and payable), billing, mailing, depositing, shipping (inventory) and bank reconciling.
In the sales function, there has to be a transaction between the seller and the buyer, authorization of the seller to make the sale and the buyer to make the purchase, accounting recordation, asset custody which is provided through cash or checks, and lastly reconciliation or verification of the account by an auditing team (Gelinas, Dull and Wheeler, p. 239).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Crazy Eduardo’s Retail Inc. by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The internal audit is not audited when the financial information is audited. A report on the internal control can however be issued following the limitations identified from the auditing findings about the financial system.
An evaluation of internal control, including internal control over financial reporting
Internal control is therefore a crucial role in financial reporting. Financial reporting enables the collection, storage and presentation of financial information in an organized manner.
This cannot be complete without internal control which is responsible for creating checks and balances. The internal control is that which ensures that the information retrieved from the financial reporting operations are reliable and accurate. Financial reporting is not complete without internal controls, which justifies decisions made from the basis of financial information.
Works Cited Leitch, Michael. Intelligent internal control and risk management: designing high- performance risk control systems. Aldershot: Gower, Burlington, VT. 2008.
Gelinas, Ulric J., Dull, Richard B and Wheeler, Patrick R. Accounting information systems. Mason, OH: South-Western/ Cengage Learning, 2012.
Are Correctional Boot Camps Effective? Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Lack of Follow-up Support
Introduction Boot camps were introduced so that it can act as an alternative to jail for young offenders or criminals. Several studies have reported that the frequencies of recidivism for juvenile offenders who have been admitted in teen boot camps are extremely high, above 85% (Vito, 2005, p.65).
Boot camps may appear like the correct option for young people who have gotten involved in unlawful acts or are engaging in inappropriate conducts.
In Boot camps, they consider that terrifying and punishing the teens might discourage them from participating in illegal activities in the future, but this may be wrong. Most boot camps are considered to lack follow-up support, ineffective, and contain physical abuse.
Lack of Follow-up Support When teens have shown the signs of rehabilitation, they are allowed to go back home from boot camps. After that, boot camp providers would not make a follow-up so that they can help the teens create sense of what they have experience in the boot camps.
This lack of follow-up raises the chances of the teens or young people reversing into the previous conducts. Mostly, boot camp providers avoid follow-up so that they can reduce expenses.
Since children are instructed to follow and respect seniors or boot camp providers who use noisy and violent tones, it has been reported that after going back home, many teenagers would have difficulties adjusting to normal superior’s leadership ways.
Their teachers and managers usually are not aggressive to students and workers and many former boot campers experience trouble in respecting them since they do not scream and threaten them (MacKenzie, Wilson,
“Hope’s Boy The memoir” by Andrew Bridge Essay college essay help online
Andrew Bridge’s memoir “Hope’s Boy” has been ranked as a leading bestseller by the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Publisher’s Weekly, and The Washington Post. It is a moving memoir that illustrates the flaws that exist in the U.S foster care system.
The Memoir explores a childhood filled with horrendous sagas which are hardly spoken by many openly. The story is intertwined to bring out what the young in foster homes undergo while growing up.
This paints an elaborate picture of the America’s society dark side. Bridge was transferred to a foster home after experiencing her Schizophrenic mother, “slit her wrists and paint his name with her blood” (NPR 2008).
By then, Bridge was only six years and, according to the circumstances, he was placed under foster care for the remaining part of the blossoming childhood.
Despite the woes he underwent and witnessed in the foster care, Bridge fueled childhood influence in the university. Currently, Bridge has become a fulltime lawyer who specializes on matters concerning the welfare of children.
The memoir “Hope’s Boy” portrays the childhood experiences of Bridge which depicts the U.S foster care as one which is adversely disoriented.
Bridge, who lives in Los Angeles, has continued to fight in the war to ensure that kids under foster care receive proper treatment and even have conduct with the social workers if they cannot get in touch with their biological parents (Bridge n.d). Personal experiences greatly influence the future career choice of individuals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Personal background and atrocities can fuel the desire to pursue a certain career (Dietrich 1). For instance, Bridge is portrayed as a child from a poor family filled with devastating events.
For example, at the age of less than three years, his father and mother are jailed and, at the age of four, his father demands a separation (NPR 2008).
By the time Bridge was six, he was placed under foster care. Bridge having his childhood and parental love has vowed to fight for other children who undergo the same problems during their childhood.
This can be supported by the personal experience of Debbie Black, a parole officer, who notes that her family, experience and conflicts from within, shaped her career (Black 2008).
Having undergone divorce, living in the streets, and facing a difficult marriage, the experience is almost like Bridge’s. Although the life of Debbie was infringed when she was mature, the experience is the same as both face social injustices.
Bridge’s past has dictated the path to follow to ensure that no other child will have the same experience he had when he was young.
Anger and emotional feelings drive people to do what they think is right in their lives as a way of shadowing their past. For example, the childhood of Bridge is filled with anger and hatred for losing the only person who cared from him, his mother.
We will write a custom Essay on “Hope’s Boy The memoir” by Andrew Bridge specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is depicted on the title of his memoir “Hope’s Boy”. Hope is the name of his mother in which he has dedicated his work to, despite the fact that she was not there but was willing to raise him.
The anger of his childhood leads to the belief that there is a hope that the future can be better. This drives Bridge to study law with the hope he can represent other children who undergo the same childhood as he did.
Bridge’s career choice has prompted him to give back to the society what he lacked love when he was a child. From his memoir, Bridge believes that “we can best keep kids with their own families’ safe and together with the folks who know and love them best” (NPR 2008).
The belief that something can be done right is what fuels people to choose certain careers. For example, Bridge believed that the best love a child could receive is from family members.
He believes that children can be loved best if they lived with their parents or folks. For this reason, Bridge has been championing for the welfare of foster children to live with their parents or, at least, get to talk with the social workers allocated to them once a month (NPR 2008).
From a personal point of view, some people follow intuition in order to make sure that they can solve problems in life. In other words, they believe that they are the ‘saviors’ who can speak out on the behalf of other disadvantaged persons in the society.
To sum it up, personal past experiences contribute a lot to the choice of career path they choose to undertake, the way people have been raised, the life they have been exposed to, and the belief that one can change the world.
Emotions fueled by anger, drive people to take careers to ensure that other people are not exposed to the same atrocities or past they underwent.
Not sure if you can write a paper on “Hope’s Boy The memoir” by Andrew Bridge by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is portrayed in the Hope’s Boy memoir which shows how the past can fuel one to develop a career that addresses the problems in the society. The same is shared by Debbie Black who strives to help others.
Works Cited Black, Debbie. 2008. Personal experiences influence career Choice for Debbie Black. 2008. Web.
Bridge, Andrew. Hope’s boy: A memoir. n.d. 2012. Web.
Dietrich, Cindy. “Decision making: Factors that influence decision making, heuristics used, and decision outcomes.” Student Pulse 2.2 (2010): 1-3. Print.
NPR. ‘Hope’s Boy’ a memoir of childhood in foster care. 2008. Web.
Solar Panels in China Research Paper online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The growth of the PV industry has been on increase due to technological advancements and the support the industry has been getting from governments.
The industry has also witnessed remarkable growth occasioned by concerns on global warming. It has been projected that solar energy demand will continue to grow in China and other parts of the world (Tiwari, 200).
However, the energy form has still been expensive in comparison with other forms of energy. This is because the industry has been grappling with a shortage of raw materials used in producing the energy. For instance, demand for silicon which is used in the manufacture of solar cells has been increasing.
Background China has plans of developing large amounts of hydropower, wind power, biomass and solar photovoltaic by 2020. In order to accomplish this mission, the country requires at least 267 billion USD for it to invest in renewable energy sources.
Investment in renewable energies such as biofuels and wind energy has been slowed down by concerns of global warming. China has projected that by 2020, an estimated $ 40 billion would have been invested in solar energy. As part of the plans to have enough energy, the country has embarked on the use of solar energy.
Analysis The gross domestic product in china has been growing significantly thus stabilizing the country’s economic forecasts. As a result of this increased economic growth, the country’s demand for energy has been increasing thus prompting the government to come up with renewable sources of energy.
Due to the popularity of solar energy and its domination in the world market, it has been the most appropriate option for the country. This has led to stiff competition among several companies providing solar energy in the country.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, in 2007 four Chinese companies paved their way into the market and made huge profits. In 2006, two more companies had raised more than $ 500 million after joining the list.
These companies have been attracting investors since their prices have been lower than the prices offered by Western manufacturers (China solar, 2004).
The Chinese government has taken important measures in improving the environmental condition of the country. New laws on renewable energy sources have been enacted to emphasize on cleaner energy technologies.
The country has a target of raising the number of people who use renewable energy to 16% by 2020. The new law has various stipulations that should be followed by the companies involved.
To begin with, the energy authorities have been mandated to implement and manage renewable energy development. Secondly, the government establishes a renewable energy development that provides support including financial support to the relevant industries.
Thirdly, the government has been involved in setting the prices of renewable energy and supporting the generation of grid-connected renewable energy
Due to the sustainability of sola energy in china and its advantages over other alternative sources of energy, the Chinese government has embarked on constructing resource efficient villages.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Solar Panels in China specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The largest portion of domestic PV market in china which constitutes more than 40 % is rural electrification. The program aims at making electricity accessible to more than 20 million Chinese who live in 20000 rural villages.
10 million people out of the 20 million are residents of the Western provinces. The rural electrification program impacts millions of people living in rural areas by empowering them through access to energy. As a result, solar energy has been one of the most common and widely used renewable energy n China .
Argument Against Despite the widespread use and popularity of solar energy in China, there has been a negative side of the renewable energy resource. Constraints in the supply of silicon have remained one of the most challenging hurdles.
The silicon market has been so tight thus creating a disadvantage for a large number of players who have been unable to secure feedstock supplies.
The downside has been particularly experienced by the small scale solar dealers who have not succeeded in getting silicon supplies. This has led to lower rates of utilization, lower profits, and unmet growth plans.
Domestic polysilicon producers also have been facing problems such as less beneficial technology which uses 2-3 times the energy used in production of an equal amount of raw material than its oversees peers do.
Domestic polysilicon manufacturers have also been smaller in size when compared with the international players, something that has made it difficult for them to leverage the economic scales.
Initially, the overseas competitors were reluctant to transfer the knowledge to Chinese natives forcing the domestic enterprises to employ a high degree of innovation and independence in their work (Source guide, 2012).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Solar Panels in China by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Announcements have been made by companies with emerging technologies or commercial ambitions expressing their interest to venture in polysiliscon manufacturing.
However, such ventures have been faced by commercial, technology, safety and environmental risks. The commercial risk is that there has been a high degree of competition from famous and well known producers who have been in the business for long.
The technology risk comes in due to the presence of the well established and fully characterized Siemens which has been operating in the country.
There has also been a safety risk in that most of the intermediate gaseous chemicals used in the production of silicon can result into a spontaneous fire when in contact with air.
This is something that has caused fatal accidents in the past. Finally, there has been the environmental risk in that although production of silicon has been for green products, chances of pollution are also possible .
Despite the fact that China has been capitalizing on the lucrative IPO and the heavy investment, the market has been criticized of fatigue, especially at the mid heading downstream, while companies that have not been listed have found it difficult to differentiate themselves.
This has been recently indicated by the poor performance of some of the stock prices for the enterprises. However, it has been said that the market is yet to be exhausted since some Chinese silicon manufacturers are yet to join the market.
Recently, the grid companies have not been showing quick response to solar energy owing to its high cost. Alternatively, wind power has remained popular and a stronger substitute. The domestic market will not receive sufficient stimulation unless there is reduction in the cost and favorable subsidies provided.
Conclusion Solar energy is a green trend that has found popularity in Chinese market in recent days. The rapid economic growth in the country has increased power requirements prompting companies to look for ways of investing in alternative sources of energy.
Solar energy has been highly preferred because of its environmental friendliness as opposed to other forms of energy. The country has since embarked on projects of spreading the energy form to rural areas through rural electrification.
However, there have been concerns that solar energy is still very expensive when compared with other energy forms such as wind energy. As a result, more attention has remained on the other energy forms that are considered cheaper.
References China solar. (2004). China Solar Energy. Retrieved from http://www.chinasolarenergy.com/
NBSC. (2012). National Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/
Solway, A. (2009). Renewable Energy Sources. New York: Heinemann/Raintree.
Source guide. (2012). The Source for Renewable Energy. Retrieved from http://www.sourceguides.com/
Tiwari, G. (2009). Solar energy technology advances. New York: Nova Publishers.
Zheng, S. (2006). Solar Energy in China. Retrieved from http://www.ceibs.edu/
How Religion and Family Produces the Idea of Gender Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
How Religion and Family Produces the Idea of Gender
Introduction This article examines how religion and family produces the idea of gender. It presents an initial literature review on religion and family as these factors relate to shaping gender ideology.
Case studies are used in the article as reference to elaborate how family and religion interrelate to influence gender ideology.
How Religion and Family Produces the Idea of Gender Gender is the way society creates, patterns, and rewards our understandings of femininity and masculinity, or the process by which certain behaviors and performances are ascribed to women and men.
Gender is a form of social institution of sexual difference (Susan
Social Justice: Wray’s Essential Aspects of Biblical Law and Justice Essay scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Various Interpretations of Biblical Laws and Justice
The Four Assumptions of Biblical Laws and Justice
Introduction The purpose of this paper is to evaluate Wray’s essential aspects of Biblical Law and Justice in light of what it offers religious educators for the classroom study of justice. A large portion of the Bible has been dedicated to the issue of law and justice.
Therefore, religious educators who teach about justice in classrooms today must go back to the Bible and look at biblical legal codes and justice.
Justice has become a matter of concern for many people in modern societies. Nevertheless, it is a concept that is socially constructed, meaning that it is subject to contextual interpretation.
Various Interpretations of Biblical Laws and Justice Wray has conducted an extensive study on the subject of social justice and suggests that students taking any course on law or social justice must go back to the origins of these laws and justice, in this case the Bible.
He maintains that biblical laws and justice should be taught in the classroom in a bid to tackle some of the prevalent issues affecting modern societies, including laws, prohibitions and injunctions (Wray, 2011, p. 161).
Indeed, the quest for social justice has been highlighted by many social philosophers for many centuries since the emergence of enlightenment and industrial revolution.
The industrial revolution and the emergence of capitalist economies gave rise to social decay and the erosion of social values as most people were subjected to hard social and economic conditions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The world is divided between the haves and the have-nots. In theory, social justice is an attempt to address the question of equity and fair distribution of income and resources.
The theory of justice implies that people should be treated equally (Miller, 1999). The concept of social justice is widely used today to refer to the fair distribution of resources amongst the members of the society.
For many centuries, this concept has been applied in various societies, but it is evident that even today discrimination of the poor from the market economy still continues (Miller, 1999).
However, regardless of what has been researched, written or formulated as part of our social policies, justice is far from being realized. Perhaps it can be argued that humanity have rejected the origins of these laws and regulations and came up with mere philosophies that does not address the real problems.
The best model for social justice is in the Bible which in Borg’s view is the foundation for political and personal transformation. Any attempt to fight for social justice must be based on the word of God because the Kingdom of God is the heart of justice (Borg, 2003).
Borg also argues that although the American society promotes the principles of individualism, all humans are part of a wider social-economic, political, cultural, and faith systems that promotes social lives in the community (Borg, 2003).
Borg goes back to the biblical account to show God’s passion for social and political justice. He maintains that Jesus’ teaching about the Kingdom of God in the New Testament is all about justice (Borg, 2003).
We will write a custom Essay on Social Justice: Wray’s Essential Aspects of Biblical Law and Justice specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Similarly, views have been expressed by O’ Donohue who states that the biblical concept of justice is intrinsically connected to human relationship.
He argues that God demands for justice that does not appear in abstract, but the kind of justice that exists within our human lives. True justice emerges from the relationship between humanity and God and fellow humanity. It starts with the individual then moves on to society (O’ Donahue, 1977).
This is the line of argument that Wray has followed. In his view, biblical law and justice should be the main text for students studying social justice and other law related courses.
The most important part of these texts is that which deals with Torah on the Old Testament and the Kingdom of God in the New Testament.
These texts contain the golden rules upon which we derive our mannerism and ways of treating other people. The purpose of the biblical laws was originally given to regulate human behavior in a manner that was intended by God from the beginning (Wray, 2011).
Consequently, these laws have become the cornerstone for legal codes that governs modern civilized societies. This is not to say that the modern societies are perfect.
But regardless of their levels of civilizations crime, injustices and immoralities are still the order of the day. We still have many cases of rape, murders, theft, slandering, corruption, fraud, and lying, even as the bible prohibits such behaviors.
Our jails and prisons are full of people have been locked up for going against these laws. These laws have governed the world since the days of ancient Israel when they were first given to control humans but their behaviors are still the same (Berger, 2007).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Social Justice: Wray’s Essential Aspects of Biblical Law and Justice by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This does not imply that these laws are ineffective. In fact, they are still unique and effective if applied appropriately. Wray laments that most religious educators and preachers do not discuss biblical justice with the laws of Israel.
This means that one cannot teach about observing the laws without first developing a relationship with the lawgiver, who is God. For instance, treating other people fairly, defending the poor and the weak can only demonstrate the existing covenant relationship with God.
The Four Assumptions of Biblical Laws and Justice Wray also outlines four main assumptions connected to the interpretation of the biblical laws and justice (Wray, 2011). The first assumptions that are commonly held by many people purports that the Ten Commandments were given by God and therefore God’s people are obliged to abide by these rules and regulations.
In Wray’s view, the ten commandments should be treated like’ formulaic prohibitions’ that controls human behaviors and legalizes how the community needs to relate with each other (2011, p.162).
He continues to suggest that the interpretation of the law should not be confined to the Ten Commandments only, but should include the entire Torah including other 600 laws.
However, there are divergent views concerning the interpretation and practice of Torah (biblical laws from genesis to Deuteronomy) between various Christian denominations and other world religions (Wray, 2011).
The second assumption suggests that when one breaks these laws then they are subjected to punishment which in Wray’s view has given birth to retributive justice.
The interpretation of this concept has brought lots of complications to the understanding of crime and punishment, commonly referred to in the bible as an eye to eye.
Wray claims that biblical laws are divided into two areas, the apodictic laws which include the Ten Commandments which in most cases are prohibitory nature.
He argues that this group of laws does not contain any elements of punishment attached to them, rather they were meant to deter the offenders from committing the offence.
In other words, they are precautionary or preventive rather curative. They are unique and different from any other laws found in Ancient Near Eastern regions (Wray, 2011).
However, Wray indicates that the second type of the laws can be grouped as casuistic because they are more of case laws which were common in the Ancient near eastern societies and commonly used in court cases in even in those days.
From his assessment of these two types of laws, Wray concludes the entire Torah were specifically give to the Children to regulate their devotion to God and control how they behave towards their human beings (Wray, 2011).
According to Wray, the third assumption supports and advocates for Golden rule. This rule suggests that we should treat others fairly and then expect the same in return.
He argues that the Golden Rule promotes justice and fairness in the society. It addresses the notion of fairness and justice and especially to the weak, oppressed and poor.
While the fourth assumption purports that justice is about caring for those people in the society who are less fortunate, socially disadvantaged and marginalized (Wray, 2011).
Conclusion This paper has attempted to evaluate Wray’s paper which suggests that the essential aspects of biblical law and justice must be taught to classrooms for those studying justice and law related a subjects.
Social justice is still a major concern for many societies and the solution is to go back to the basics. The author argues that justice is socially constructed; meaning that its interpretation differs from one society to another.
Wray argues that the biblical laws upon which our modern legal code and social values are based were originated given by God to govern human behaviors and regulate how they relate with God and fellow humanity.
Therefore, true justice must start with the individual’s close relationship with God and then be reflected and translated back to the society.
This implies that our view and practice of justice must begin with the individual person and stream down to the society. Furthermore, it supports the argument that religious educators must teach the individual students to change their own views and attitudes as individuals before they can go out there and transform the rest of society.
Reference List Berger, R. M. (2007). What the heck is social justice? Sojourners Magazine, 36(2), 37.
Borg, M. (2003). The kingdom of God: The heart of justice. In The heart of Christianity. pp. 127-148. San Francisco: Harper Collins.
Miller, D. (1999). Principles of social justice. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
O’Donahue, J. (1977). Biblical perspectives on justice. In Haughey, J. (Ed). The faith that does justice. pp. 68-112. New York: Paulist Press.
Wray, T. J. (2011). What the Bible really tells us: The essential guide to biblical literacy. Lanham, Md: Rowman
Business Memo: Impact of Technology on Quality of Work Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Implication of Technology on Work Quality
The current paradigm shift in technology has enabled organizations to be effective and efficient (Suematsu, 2004). Organizations can now compete favorably in the market as technology has enabled them to gain a competitive advantage.
Decision making in the workplace is now easy and information can easily flow from top management team to the subordinate staff. In addition, the information required can be generated and disbursed across several departments simultaneously.
Other than these benefits associated with the adoption of technology in the workplace, technology has other impacts on the quality of work both negatively and positively.
Implication of Technology on Work Quality Although the emergence of technology has major benefits, it compromises the quality of work (Suematsu, 2004). For instance, the social media networks like Facebook and twitter are among the leading addictive sites with nearly every employ spending some time chatting with friends and spreading office gossip (Turner, 2010; Balderrama, 2010).
This makes technology a problem as employees spend hours that could have otherwise been utilized to generate good ideas that would benefit the organization. Instead, valuable time is wasted carrying out tasks that are not related to office affairs.
As a result, the quality of work is compromised; time wasted, and resources wasted too. Office gossips through social networks or spread of rumors and lies may create disharmony in the workplace.
Chaos can arise which can easily be fuelled through the social media networks. For example, employees can plan and execute strikes and stoppages through the social media which may compromise the quality of the work (Turner, 2010).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Technology adoptions in the workplace jeopardize the privacy of the employees and that of work projects. Through information systems management, information on employees’ private life like salary, home address, marital status, credit card number, and benefits can be stored in the organization database.
The information can be accessed from any point in the organization hence compromising the employees’ privacy. In the event that data or information lands on private hands, then the information can be used for malicious issues.
Also, technology enables management to monitor all what employees are doing in the workplace. The quality of work can be affected by this as some employees do not perform as required under supervision (Blish
The Role of the Government Essay best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Liberal vs. conservative
Introduction The paper is a critical analysis of the opposing views of the role of the government held by the liberals and the conservatives. It is evident that these two groups ideally hold varying views with regards to the role of the government as well as other important factors in governance.
Liberal vs. conservative Conservative is also known as the right or right-wing in the context of the United States. As suggested by Schneider 98 individuals in this category strongly believe that the government should work with the people and not over them, stand by their sides and not riding over people.
The government should have limited influence when deciding things. The key to prosperity is personal responsibility. This can be seen in the eyes of government trying to craft laws that would encourage Foreign Direct Investment between her and other friendly countries (Schneider 89).
This has seen to it that the citizens of involved countries seize the opportunities and set up businesses in other foreign countries. Another example can be seen when upon taking office President Bush called the Congress to pass laws and policies that would relief Americans from heavy taxation.
Ideally conservatives believe that the government should actively indulge and other relevant stakeholders before arriving at any conclusion particularly with regards to laws that directly or indirectly affect individuals.
It is the role of the government to ensure that right policies are in place so that the citizens feel secure. Similarly conservatives are of the view that once people exercise personal responsibility and the government has ensured desired freedom, the pie will be much bigger for everyone.
The government does not solve the societal problems; this is the role of citizen since the government has provided the desired degree of freedom. It is the role of the government to ensure that things remain the way they are or even returned to the previous state (Ballou 129).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, liberals are sometimes referred to as the left or left wing. Liberals are of the view that “it is the duty and responsibility of the government to achieve equal as well as equality for all” (Scott 74).
On the same note liberals hold that it is the duty of the government to direct resources and efforts towards eliminating the various social ills such as theft, murder and prostitution so that individuals are protected and human rights standards upheld.
It is worth noting that liberals see the government to be responsible in ensuring that no one is in need. The policies to be developed fully emphasizes that it is the role of the government to solve societal problems be they economic, social, environmental or political (Scott 42).
Decisions are usually made by the government without thorough consultations with other relevant stakeholders. A typical example of how liberals believe the government should work is by passing laws and policies that will help deter some social ills such as corruption, prostitution, murder among others.
It is no doubt that liberals believe that the government need to force individuals as well as organizations to comply with existing laws and policies (Scott 201).
Conclusion It is evident that liberals and conservatives hold varying views with regards to the role of the government.
Whereas liberal strongly believe that it is the role of the government to solve problems in the society, conservatives strongly believe that government should play a minimal role of only ensuring that the desired freedom is in place to ensure that individuals can realize their goals. Individual should exercise personal responsibility and solve problems.
We will write a custom Essay on The Role of the Government specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Ballou, Olivier. The Graphic Guide to Conservatism: A visual primer on the conservative worldview. London: Sage, 2011. Print.
Schneider, Gregory. Conservatism in America since 1930: A reader. New York: Wiley
“When the State Trembled” by Kramer, Reinhold and Tom Mitchell Essay (Book Review) college essay help: college essay help
When the State Trembled presents a comprehensive study of the history of the Canadian working class, labor strikes, and the country’s most famous industrial conflict .
The book is about the 1919 Winnipeg general strike that created a heat wave in the legal and historical arena regarding its impact on the nature of collective bargaining and a phase of social revolution.
The other strikes that the book discusses are the Regina Riot of 1935, Asbestos Strike in Quebec of 1949, and many other such movements in the Canadian labor history.
Kramer and Mitchell unearthed a large number of new archival records that helped them reconstruct the events during the strike in a completely new way.
The authors went on to analyze the Citizens’ Committee of One Thousand that comprised most of the powerful men of the city, used their power to bring into disrepute the strike.
The book uses the state “trembled” to represent two meanings: first is the threat posed by the unified city workers who went on a strike against the state machinery through their refusal to continue normal work and second, the congregation of the powerful businesspersons of the city who apprehended state authority to defeat the strikers.
The book, When the State Trembled, is about the famous Winnipeg General Strike of 1919. The event involved more than 30,000 labors and is considered to be Canada’s most famous strike.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When the State Trembled presents the story of the strike from a different angle that had not yet been seen in the labor history i.e. through the point of view of the Citizens’ Committee of 1000.
The intention of the Committee was to regain normal working. However, the Committee, comprising mostly of the business class elites, failed to see the sentiment behind the strike, employed stern anti-strike measure, and ended up stigmatizing the strike as a criminal action. The root of the Citizen’s Committee lay at the pre-war antiunion mobilizations.
The Committee that was formed by all major businesses in Winnipeg, however, it was the core group of the Committee that directed the operations and decisions of the Citizens’ Committee.
Three lawyers who, through their legal knowledge, guided the Committee chiefly directed the Committee. Of the three, A. J. Andrews was the most influential and prominent leader. The book shows that it was A. J. Andrews and his tactical maneuvering helped the Committee attain victory.
Kramer and Mitchell in the book showed that the Citizens’ Committee took two distinct paths: first, are their similarities with the common Winnipeggers and the second, is the political wallop created by the federal policymakers.
The first consisted of the public propaganda conducted to discredit the strike. The authors unearthed the daily newspapers that were used by the Citizens Committee as a medium of propaganda during the strike e.g. Winnipeg Citizen.
They pointed out at powerful discourse of antistrike strike propaganda available through this particular newspaper. The authors point out the idea that the newspaper propaganda that could definitely demonstrate the actions undertaken by the Committee: “And only the Citizen could suggest the citizen’s best course of action.”
We will write a custom Book Review on “When the State Trembled” by Kramer, Reinhold and Tom Mitchell specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The main idea behind the book is represented by the single most ideal of the Committee to create a uniformed public opinion through the powerful discourse and project the strike as a harmful thing.
The authors have identified powerful discourses such as starving babies in order to prove the unconstitutional and derogatory status of the strike.
The presentation of the public documents by the authors is undeniable. The ignorance of the labor leaders led to their projection and comparison with those in Europe where a strike did lead to a revolution.
Handling problems such as food distribution and hampering of public health and work due to the strike led the Committee to replace the constitutional authority and negating the rising rhetoric in the pre-strike period of the downfall of capitalism.
Therefore, it was the strong discourse or propaganda of the led to make the strikers as communists and the Committee made racist attacks on the pro-strike war veterans accusing them of masterminding the strike.
The analytical approach of the authors also unearthed the private correspondence between A. J. Andrews and Arthur Meighen, the then acting minister of Justice:
Historians have mistakenly characterized Meighen … as the author of reaction, the antagonist in labor’s story. … However, during the Strike, Meighen and Andrews communicated regularly, and with the release (under the Access of Information Act) of the Meighen/Andrews correspondence, which previous historians had no access to, we can tell the full story of the Citizens’ Committee of 1000.
The private correspondence between Andrews and Meighen show that the federal government actually agreed to support the Citizens’’ Committee position of negating any form of negotiation with the strikers as it believed that the strike was a path to the European style revolution.
Not sure if you can write a paper on “When the State Trembled” by Kramer, Reinhold and Tom Mitchell by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This led Meighen to give “loose” power to Andrews to deal with the strikers by appointing Andrews as the slackly defined delegate of the justice department to deal with the strikers.
This gave the Committee the leeway to decide on the actions to be taken against the strikers. Andrews took the opportunity to strongly deal with the strikers by doing what he and the other Committee members actually wanted i.e. to destroy the union.
Their main aim was to suppress the socialist extremism that was creeping into the working class of Winnipeg. Though Andrew regularly sent reports to Meighen regarding the proceedings and progress in dealing with the strike, he carefully manipulated the information he passed on in order to avoid any political awkwardness.
These letters of correspondence between Meighen and Andrews showed that the former was completed unaware of the ground realities and therefore, lacked control over the handling of the strikers. A communication of Andrews shows his judgment of the non-acceptable material:
Certain members of the Winnipeg Western Labor News Special Strike Edition have contained objectionable matter in that it is seditious, inflammatory and inciting to riot and this publication must be discontinued. NO more issues of this publication must be printed or circulated.
Andrew on the other hand was dedicated to finding evidence that would help in prosecuting the strikers. Andrews, determination to demolish the strikers, went ahead with the prosecution of the strikers under criminal law when the Immigration Act requested by the Committee proved to be too limiting.
He, singularly, convened a meeting of the Committee members and called upon a few government officials in order to make the list of the strike leaders to be detained.
Without any authorization given to him from the federal government, Andrews went ahead to arrest several leaders of the strike and started their trials.
Therefore, the authors point out that the private business houses had actually seized the wheel of state machinery and had started acting on their own accord to meet their own interests.
This therefore shows that the state was arrested by the private business houses comprising the Committee who wanted to do away with unionism and therefore, used this situation to meet their ends.
The most interesting part of these trials was that the federal government did not have any jurisdiction to arrest and put the strikers on trial.
Hence, these became private trials and neither the Committee nor the government wanted to explain such actions to the public. Therefore, the authors called Andrew as the “agent” of the government to hit against the strikers.
Kramer and Mitchell’s chronicle of the strike shows that it was the outright initiative of Andrews and few of his legal friends to be the reason why the Winnipeg Strike turned out to be the way it did.
By the end of the day, Andrews was a representative of the government but he ended up controlling the proceedings. Though his legal tactics were unconstitutional and unethical as he ended up fabricating a story of seditious conspiracy against the government and public long before the strike occurred.
The account presented by Kramer and Mitchell shows A. J. Andrews as the villain of the Winnipeg Strike who conspired and manipulated incidents, communication, and power to bring down a strong hand on the strikers to result in their consequent defeat.
Andrews was the mastermind behind the twisted stories, discourses, and manipulated communication to the Ministry of Justice demonstrating that the strikers were actively conspiring against the government.
The story of the Winnipeg strike is the most well known piece of Canadian labor history. Therefore, the question of its uniqueness in demonstrating a new angle to the strike is pertinent.
Does the book say anything new about the strike? Yes, the book does point out to a new aspect of understanding the greatest strike in Canadian history.
The book is different from the other accounts of the strike because Kramer and Mitchell re-write the story of the strike keeping the Citizens’’ Committee of 1000 at the heart of the events and making A. J. Andrews the leader of the anti-strike Committee.
The book presents that Andrews and two other colleagues Isaac Pitblado and Travers Sweatman, were lawyers but they had very close connection to the elite business class of Winnipeg.
Therefore, Andrews and the other’s neutral professional background helped them to pull a façade and helped in imposing bourgeois hegemony during the strike.
Andrews was a sharp trial lawyer, respected and feared, not so much because of his legal knowledge – which, as we will see, was sometimes faulty – but because he understood people.
Winnipeg’s leading businessmen would buttonhole him, looking for advice. When the General Strike dropped on Winnipeg, it wasn’t surprising that the acting minister of justice, Arthur Meighen – a lawyer … friendly with Andrews and Pitblado – would soon buy Andrews’s analysis of what sort of hell had broken out.
The intervention of the lawyers during the strike occurred at different levels. It was ideological, legal, as well as political and it was through the book it can first be observed that the success of the Committee, and mostly Andrews was in intervening in prosecuting the strikers and ending it.
The Committee achieved their goal of crushing the strike and prosecuting the strike leaders. Therefore, it reaffirmed the triumph of capitalism in a state economy.
The previous books on Winnipeg Strike of 1919 have usually been told through the point of view of the strikers and had focused mainly on workers, the leaders of the strike, and politicians.
This book shows how a strong elite public Committee (opinion) could manipulate the end of the strike. The Committee was a largely influential, but hitherto, unknown force in demonstrating the power of influence of the elite in negotiation with the strikers.
The Committee, which was previously an unknown side in the 1919 strike history, emerged as an important figure in the multi-sided interaction and communication between the federal government, intelligentsia, police, courts, and the strikers.
The book also shows that though the Committee was called Citizens’ Committee of 1000, there only a handpicked few who really enjoyed the real power and say in decision-making, and one of them was Andrews.
The book shows that in order to deal with a politically volatile situation it is important to undertake manipulation of the people with whom the real power vests; in this case, it was the two federal ministers Meighen and Gideon Robertson.
Andrews actually led a delegation to the Fort William and told the Meighen that a socialist style revolution was being staged at Winnipeg.
Andrews even persuaded Meighen to revise the Immigration Act to deport the British born strikers. The book recounts numerous stories of the Committee taking an active role in manipulating and influencing the decision against the Winnipeg strikers.
Are the claims of Kramer and Mitchell that the Citizens’ Committee of 1000 was the key influence to deal against the strikers overstated?
Probably note, as the members of the federal government were eagerly waiting for lobbyists and elites like Andrews and they secretly shared the same views.
The book presents the ideal setting for understanding lobbying, ideology, rhetoric, and power and how these can be successfully employed to negotiate with a striking community.
The book therefore, makes a compelling case of the state not managing the affairs of the bourgeois, but the other way round. They present a lot of primary sources to make a convincing story of the Committee successfully manipulating the government.
The Committee is demonstrated as a secret weapon of the business class elites who, through the core members like Andrews influenced the government and public opinion against the strikers.
This was done through the loose power vested by the government on a few members of the Committee who used it to demonstrate the strike to be a disorder, which was actually a “fictitious” fabrication.
The book closely relates to the course module as it presents a new way of looking at labor history in Canada. The book presents the real villain of the 1919 strike through the authors refuses to call Andrews as the villain as he worked with immense manipulative intelligence and insight.
The book presents a new light into the role played by lobbyists like Andrews who helped the business houses to meet their desired end by manipulation. The book is important for the course as it helps in unearthing the true story behind the relationship between the labors and business class elites.
Works Cited Kramer, Reinhold and Tom Mitchell. When the State Trembled: How A.J. Andrews and the Citizens’ Committee Broke the Winnipeg General Strike. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010. Print.
Diversity within Unity Essay best essay help: best essay help
Overview and Introduction Cultural diversity is a source of strength as well as weakness for many societies around the world. A multi-cultural society has the advantage of having a rich cultural environment but this diversity in culture can also be a source cultural tension and conflict (Fisher, 1994).
Educational institutions are the most affected by the potential negative impact of a multi-cultural environment, thus, creating the need to implement policies for dealing with cultural issues in schools (Freire, 1985).
The aim of this paper is to analyze critically the ways of dealing with cultural diversity issues facing educational institutions as presented in the article Diversity within Unity by Banks, Cookson, Gay and others.
The Concept of Diversity as Discussed in the Article Diversity in the article refers to cultural, ethnic and language differences in the context of the American society. The cultural landscape in the US is becoming increasingly diversified mostly due to the high number of immigrants that join the nation each year (Feagin, 1994).
This number is estimated to be around one million. Most of the immigrants are Africans and Asians who have different cultural and language backgrounds from those of the natives of the US.
A high percentage of the immigrants are youth who join educational institutions in the country including high schools, colleges, and universities and they only use English as their second language (Dahl, 1998).
Though this influx of new cultures has the positive impact of enriching the nation’s cultural environment it also harbors the potential effect of dividing the country along cultural lines.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is need, therefore, to emphasize the common aspects of all the different cultures in the US in a bid to foster cultural cohesion and create a united nation.
The best way to achieve this unity would be through encouraging multi-cultural cohesion in schools through both instruction and by emphasizing inter-cultural interactions among students (Fine, 1991).
Analysis of the Philosophical Perspectives Advocated in the Article The article identifies various principles which the management of educational institutions in the US should implement in order to promote cultural cohesion amongst students. These principles are as follows:
Professional Development Programs for Teachers
The article advocates for teachers and educators to undergo professional development programs in which they can learn how culture, language, ethnicity and social classes affect students’ learning and behavior.
By taking such programs, teachers and educators will be in a good position to prevent the negative influence that culture, ethnicity, social class and language background may have on learning.
Offering Equitable Opportunities for Learning
The article calls for schools around the US to offer equal learning opportunities to students irrespective of their cultural, ethnic or social background in order to foster a sense of equality amongst students.
According to the article, the current curricula that are being taught in the US schools should be changed and new ones developed which embrace all cultures including the minority groups. The current curricula are biased towards the majority groups in the country.
We will write a custom Essay on Diversity within Unity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Providing Equal Opportunities for Extra- and Co-curricula Activities
Extra- and co-curricular activities such as sports and academic associations enhance students’ learning and performance. Students of all cultures, races and ethnicities should be encouraged to participate in these activities so as to promote cultural interactions as well as learning.
Creation of Super Ordinate Groups
Super ordinate groups are groups whose purpose would incorporate all cultural groups. Such groups could be based on grade levels in school, age, sex, etc. Super ordinate groups create cohesion among different cultures.
Teaching Students about Stereotypes
Stereotypes result from categorization of people into groups and the belief that a person’s group is superior to other groups. It is crucial to teach students about the fallacies of stereotypes and how they develop so that students can avoid believing in them.
Teaching Common Cross-Cultural Values
There are some values which are shared by all cultures such as justice, equality, and fairness. Teaching these values to students in a multi-cultural environment promotes the sense of egalitarianism amongst them which enhances social cohesion.
Imparting Social Skills on Students
Helping students to acquire social skills is one of the best ways of promoting inter-cultural interactions. Teachers should encourage students to learn and understand the behavior of other cultures as well as how to resolve and mediate intercultural conflicts amicably.
Implications of the Principles in a Specific Educational setting According to the above principles, promoting cultural cohesion in educational institutions is necessary to avoid inter-cultural conflict. The way to achieve this is by emphasizing on the common aspects of different cultures and playing down the differences.
Recommendations and Conclusion Cultural diversity is beneficial to a society by virtue of cultural richness but at the same time it could be a source of conflict and social tension. This situation is most apparent in schools where cultural diversity is depicted at its best.
There are various strategies that could be used to promote cultural cohesion in educational institutions not only in the US but around the world.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Diversity within Unity by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These strategies or principles should focus on emphasizing the similarities between different cultures and underplaying the differences.
References Dahl, R. (1998). On democracy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Feagin, J. R.,
Corruption and Bribery in the Oil Sector of Angola Essay essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Corruption and Bribery in the Oil Sector
Management of Oil Reserves
Introduction Corruption is one of the big problems in various developing countries that are rich in oil. It has been considered to be pervasive and an important element of resource curse. Corruption has always been extreme in Angola and Nigeria and billions of US dollars have been disappearing.
Most of the disappearing billions are from kickbacks, and this has led to the concentration of the wealth into few hands. Since the countries are endowed with resources, they are said to suffer from the resource curse. Angola is considered to be the second oil produce after Nigeria.
Angola receives a lot of money from various oil companies in the form of signature bonuses that are received before the signing of contracts. The oil wealth has been to line and oil the wallets of the elite and political class within the society.
Unbridled corruption is the norm in the oil economies. In Angola, the aid agencies have estimated that billions of dollars have been lost in royalty payments through corruption.
Corruption and Bribery in the Oil Sector A lot of oil revenues have disappeared from government coffers according to the reports by the Human Rights Watch and Global Witness. There has been evidence according to studies undertaken in France and Switzerland about the bribes that are given to the president of Angola Eduardo Dos Santos, and it is by no coincidence that he is the Richest Angolan.
Corruption is the main bane of the Nigerian development, and this has eroded the benefits of oil wealth. Corruption is endemic in the Nigerian economy with oil serving to distort the oil structure. The Nigerian domestic refineries have been laid into waste due to the rampant cases of mismanagement and corruption.
It is by no coincidence that Nigeria is ranked as the third most corrupt country in the world. The corruption in Nigeria is manifested in various media sources and tribunals that have been established to investigate some cases of financial impropriety on the government officials (Jerome, Adjibolosoo
Social Influence on Bullying in Schools Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Introduction There is no globally agreed definition of bullying. Tattum (1993) defines bullying as, “the desire to hurt or put someone under pressure”.
Bullying is the most malicious and malevolent form of deviant behavior widely practiced in schools and yet it has received only scant attention from national and local authorities (Tattum
Calambra Oil Company Case Study essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
The marketing mix
Plan for the 1994 remaining oil
Introduction Frank Lockfeld faces the dilemma of deciding on the number of olive oil gallons to manufacture for the year 1994. Besides, Lockfeld has not assessed the viability of market of the preceding year sales, and thus has to rely on assumptions.
As such, this manuscript mulls over Calambra Oil Company, thereby assessing measures that Lockfeld may apply to minimize losses in his recent business endeavor.
The marketing mix The 4P’s of the marketing mix entails preparing the right goods and services, considering the needs of customers. It is evident that Calambra manufactures the best oil, as it has been voted in California severally.
Besides, the products ought to be at the most apposite price, whereby the intended consumers can pay for. This is a challenging issue for Lockfeld thus forcing him to make a well-informed decision in order to avoid looming losses.
In addition, the products ought to be in a proper place for customers to have adequate access. Additionally, business people ought to promote their products in order to have a niche, in the competitive market.
California offers a viable market for Lockfeld’s olive oil. Besides, he endeavors to expand the market to North California, along with other places.
In my opinion, Lockfeld has successfully applied the correlation of the 4P’s in the marketing mix. Though he has not assessed the 1993 sales, it is evident that his company’s name has created its name in the available market. As a result, this has given him a major boost in the competitive Californian market.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Market Viability The Californian population provides a steady market for the Calambra Company olive oil due to its excellent quality, owing to the use of the premium black olives. Besides, the oil acquired the first position, beating 21 competing oil manufacturers.
However, stiff competition still poses a great challenge for the firm, since it places its products at a high price. Fortunately, the firm boasts of steady and loyal consumers thus giving Lockfeld a niche over his competitors. Besides Lockfeld’s accentuated that the oil is from California, boost his markets, owing to the fact that local people are willing to promote more local products.
Gallons Quantity The number of gallons that Lockfeld should produce poses a serious dilemma to him, since he dreads incurring losses in his new endeavor. As such, he has to make careful and well-informed decisions. His decision on the quantity of gallons to order will be based on various aspects.
For instance, though he has not received the 1993 sales information, he may project on the current 1993 sales. Moreover, he ought to project on the current 1994 market viability. Lockfeld plans to purchase about 3000 gallons as part of the viability test, based on his projection.
Plan for the 1994 remaining oil It is clear that the firm will not sell all its oil. As such, it is crucial to pre-plan for the remaining oil. This will aid in playing down the losses that it may experience. Lockfeld should set preservation measures for the remaining gallons. Besides, they may be sold at a lesser price and thus reduce the involved reduced earnings.
The Profit and Loss Assumption