Employees and boards of directors in an organization are linked together by a business manager. The latter acts as the point person when it comes to important matters affecting the operations of a company or business entity. The 21st century business environment has significantly transformed. As a result, there are myriads of ethical issues and dilemmas that managers face on a daily basis.
Needless to say, they are supposed to confront such issues so that their organizations can run smoothly and profitably. It can be a challenge to deal fairly with everyone at workplace bearing in mind that employees are different both in terms of character and work input.
To begin with, the 21st century managers regularly face the issue of ethical responsibility while discharging their duties. The subject of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has formalized the query about ethics in business. Modern business organizations are duly expected to give back to the communities they serve in a number of ways.
For example, they should not merely focus on profitability at the expense of polluting the immediate environment. Contemporary organizations ought to be responsible to society even if the ideals of the free market economy prevail.
As it stands now, there is a growing push for managers to adhere to corporate social responsibility even if it will cut down their profits. Awareness in regards to ethical issues is a priority for the modern-day managers. This implies that they should be fully conversant with several ethical issues while managing various business portfolios.
In the case of corporate social responsibility, the 21st century managers sometimes find it economically burdensome to conform to the demands of both local communities and government authorities especially when they are compelled to forego growth agenda.
A case in point is the issue of environmental protection. The green energy revolution demands heavy emitters of greenhouse gases to reduce their emission quotas. As much as it is ethically sound to adhere to such restrictions, managers find themselves at crossroads because the revenue base might be concurrently affected (Pomering and Johnson 433).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Non-market issues can be swiftly addressed by various ethical perspectives. Some of the issues include employment practices, environmental regulation and product safety. When corporate social responsibility is addressed using an ethical approach, the role of government on environmental regulation is assumed.
One of the most profound ethical perspectives that can be used to address the above ethical challenge is utilitarianism. Our way of thinking is strongly influenced by this ethical approach. For example, the perspective addresses the social efficiency criteria for corporations that produce in bulk. The benefits of actions and economic costs should be weighed appropriately when any corporate social responsibility is undertaken.
The second ethical challenge for modern managers is discrimination. It is the moral responsibility of managers to address all arising cases of discrimination at workplace. Even in the 21st century, sexual orientation, gender, ethic origin and race are still key launch pads for discrimination in organizations (Tackett, Claypool and Wolf 9). This explains why several lawsuits on workplace discrimination have been heard in courts across the globe.
Worse still, such accusations are usually very serious. In any case, the entire organization may be charged in a court of law for failing to stop issues related to workplace discrimination.
In order for managers to be abreast with such an ethical challenge, they should take proactive steps to learn and avoid every element of discrimination in organizations that they manage. For instance, managers should employ relevant factors such as ability and experience when hiring workers.
The best ethical perspective that can be used to describe this ethical challenge is moral rights as proposed by Kant. This perspective focuses on individual and moral rights. In regards to reversibility of this perspective, it denotes that whatever is done to one person can be comfortably applied across the board without any complaint because it is deemed to be fair.
If everybody is expected to act in a particular way, then the principle of universibility applies (Sharma and Sharma 93). In other words, every individual or employee at workplace should avoid discrimination. The Kantian moral rights perspective also attempts to expound the significance of affirmative action against equal opportunity.
We will write a custom Essay on Coping with Ethical Issues at Workplace specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is vital to mention that workplace discrimination may also be aggravated by affirmative action. Equal opportunity and a level playing ground are prudent in eliminating all elements of discrimination within organizations.
It is indeed true that the primary purpose of laws that govern the corporate social responsibility is to deter major players in the business world from executing certain operations that may be injurious to both the physical environment and human life. One of the main concerns in the operations of business organizations in the modern world is pollution.
The latter has led to environmental degradation coupled with destruction of biodiversity. Pieces of legislations have played enormous role across the globe in ensuring that the corporate world adhere to the set standards of safe operations.
In any case, the legal vein is a common feature that runs through the long history of CSR worldwide. Most jurisdictions have come up with positive law regimes to control or deter negative activities of business organizations. There are rare cases when organizations take voluntary initiatives to either give back to society or preserve the environment in lieu of their profit margins (Pies, Beckmann and Hielscher 269).
During the better part of the 19th century, most corporate organizations adopted a trend whereby individuals used business institutions to benefit themselves at the expense of communities. A lot of emphasis was laid on the optimization of profits regardless of the devastating impacts.
In any case, the concept of corporate social responsibility is a rather new development that came into existence after several laws were introduced. Legislative chattering paved way for social corporate responsibility in the business world.
The assertion by John R. Boatright cannot be doubted. In recent times, business organizations have blatantly hijacked the concept of social corporate responsibility in marketing their respective portfolios (Arnold 102).
In addition, John R. Boatright’s position can be supported by the fact a corporation exists within the confines of the law. Therefore, its operations are guarded by the law. Unless certain deterrent measures are put in place, business organizations might easily go against safety precautionary measures (Byrne 501).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Coping with Ethical Issues at Workplace by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Responsibility is vital in the operations of business organizations. The wider society and key stakeholders usually expect corporations to abide by the set laws and regulations when running their businesses. Hence, a socio-legal approach is required whenever addressing the issue of corporate social responsibility.
The challenges faced by the modern globalized world may be reduced substantially if business organizations stick to certain standards. This explains why legislation is enacted to make sure that these organizations stick to safe operations.
There are two unique ethical perspectives of corporate social responsibility. These include the business roundtable and Milton Friedman theories. According to Friedman, profit maximization should be the main focus of business organizations. However, the same corporations ought to adhere to primary rules of society. Second, principals of an organization are the shareholders (Svensson and Wood 303).
On the other hand, agents are represented by the shareholders. They are usually supposed to optimize the wealth of shareholders. Besides, social good is only possible through the gains made by an organization. Hence, social corporate responsibility should be implemented through the profits made by an organization.
The process of making and maximizing profit margins should fall within the best interests of the communities being served. It is also undemocratic for managers to utilize organizational resources in promoting societal goals.
In the case of business roundtable ethical theory on corporate social responsibility, it is proper for a business organization to make private profit alongside serving the public’s interest. Since corporation is a lawful entity, there should be rules governing its operations (Arnold, Beauchamp and Bowie 67).
From the above discussions and ethical theories, it is evident that laws are established to deter corporations from infringing the basic rights of communities they serve. For example, business organizations are supposed to adhere to strict environmental laws and regulations when it comes to the generation and disposal of waste materials.
It is also crucial to underscore the fact that corporations are established through legal provisions and that is why their operations are within given legal frameworks. For managers in the 21st century era, it is necessary for them to learn how to cope with the emerging ethical issues at workplace so that their organizations do not lose public reputation or run into losses.
Works Cited Arnold, Denis, Tom Beauchamp and Norman, Bowie. Ethical theory and Business. New York: Pearson, 2013. Print.
Byrne, Edmund. “Business Ethics should Study Illicit Businesses: To Advance Respect for Human Rights.” Journal of Business Ethics 103.4 (2011): 497-509. Print.
Pies, Ingo, Markus Beckmann, and Stefan Hielscher. “Value Creation, Management Competencies, and Global Corporate Citizenship: An Ordonomic Approach to Business Ethics in the Age of Globalization.” Journal of Business Ethics 94.2 (2010): 265-278. Print.
Pomering, Alan, and Lester Johnson. “Advertising Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives to Communicate Corporate Image.” Corporate Communications 14.4 (2009): 420-439. Print.
Sharma, Richa, and Malvika Sharma. “Some Reflections on Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility.” Asia Pacific Journal of Management
Employment-At-Will (EAW) Working Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Lack of job security in place is the main setback for workers who have be en employed-at-will. Even though employees may voluntarily accept the terms of their employment under the employment-at-will contract, it is still not fair for them to be fired without any satisfactory reason. According to the doctrine of employment-at-will, an employer has the express right to fire an employee at any time.
This may take place even if an employee has not committed any mistake at workplace. In other words, there may be no cause at all for being fired. Nonetheless, there are some instances when an employee may be summarily dismissed from work for a very good reason. There is no written work contract between an employer and employee when it comes to the terms and conditions of the employment-at-will (Sentell
Keys to Success in Cross-Border Marketing Dissertation essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Background of the Project
Importance of the Project
How to Answer Research Questions
List of References
Background of the Project The emerging technologies have turned the world into a global village, and many firms are struggling to find ways of expanding their global operations. International marketing strategies have become integral parts of strategic management as firms try to understand the nature of the environment in the international markets. The luxury industry is one of the oldest industries in the world.
Many companies offering luxurious products have been struggling to expand their operations to the international markets as a way of expanding their market share. Donia Allegue is one of the emerging luxury products that have been rapidly expanding over the recent past. This is one of the first Parisian turban designers that target high-end consumers in Europe.
Started in February 2012, this fashion designer has experienced massive success in the recent past in France. However, the management must understand that the international market has some characteristics that are different from the home market in France. According to Ricca and Robins (2012, p. 67), “Cultural differences affect the nature and pattern of status-directed consumption.”
Sometimes a product that is valuable to one group may be abhorred because of the cultural backgrounds. This is specifically so when it comes to the apparel industry. When planning to move to the international market, the marketing unit of Donia Allegue must realize that the international market may require different approaches in order to ensure that the operations of the firm are in line with the cultural needs of the local customers.
Research Questions When conducting a research project, it is always important to set specific research questions that would define the path to be taken when collecting data. Research questions always offer a guideline of the type of data to be collected. This helps in avoiding time wastage by collecting irrelevant information. The following are some of the research questions that will guide the process of collecting data.
What is the impact of cultural and religious factors in defining the consumption of luxurious products?
Is it necessary for a firm like Donia Allegue to modify its products based on the cultural and religious factors?
When is it necessary for a firm in the luxurious industry to consider that it has the capacity to enter a market that has different cultural practices from that of the home country?
The above three questions will form the basis of this project. Responding to the above questions will help determine the impact of cultural and religious practices on the luxurious industry. It will define when it is necessary for a firm to make an entry into a foreign market.
Importance of the Project According to Wiedmann (2013, p. 112), there has been a consistent rise in the number of people into the upper and middle class in various countries across the world. In the United States and Europe, the number of people falling in the upper class has been on the rise. On the other hand, China, Brazil, India, and Africa have had a consistent rise in the number of people falling in the middle class.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This means that the target market for luxurious products is rapidly on the rise. There are more people who can afford expensive products in the world market today, than it was in the past. Firms offering luxurious products have, therefore, been under pressure to expand their market operations beyond the national borders as a way of tapping into the expanding market.
This research seeks to identify the best approach that these firms can use in order to expand their market share. The researcher appreciates the fact that cultural and religious factors may affect the internalization process of luxury companies. This research is very important because it sheds light on the approach that a firm should take when moving to the international markets.
It explains the cultural trends in the market, and how firms such as Donia Allegue should define their products in a way that would enable them operate in the international market. The project seeks to inform these firms that what may be appealing to the French consumers may not be very successful in the market in Saudi Arabia (Okonkwo 2010, p. 76).
This is so because of the difference in the cultural and religious practices in the two countries. From this research, these firms operating in luxurious products will be in a better position to formulate strategies that can enable them to operate in markets with varying socio-cultural dimensions.
Academic Literatures Research is a continuous process that involves gathering new information in order to expand the existing knowledge in a given field. According to Samli (2013, p. 40), it is wrong for one to claim that he or she is conducting research from a scratch. There are always some existing literatures that are related to the topic in one way or the other.
A research can on only be important if it brings new knowledge on a given topic. Duplication of the existing knowledge in a new piece of research may not be of any use. It is, therefore, important for the researcher to appreciate the body of the existing literatures in order to identify what other scholars have found out from their research. With this information, the researcher will need to identify the research gaps in the existing literatures.
The researcher will determine the areas that other scholars ignored, areas that they recommended further research, or those that have a contradiction despite being widely published. This way, the new research will be exploring new information in order to expand the knowledge that already exists in the literatures.
We will write a custom Dissertation on Keys to Success in Cross-Border Marketing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Many scholars have conducted massive research on the impact of cultural and religious practices on the international trade. According to Belk (2010, p. 61), many firms have failed in their internationalization processes because of misunderstanding the cultural practices of a new market. This scholar gives an example of Victoria’s Secret that specializes on the lingerie.
This firm had experienced massive success in Europe and American markets. It saw a big opportunity in the Middle East Market and made the decision to make its first entry in the region by establishing a store in Bahrain. However, the decision to use models who were only wearing the lingerie was a disastrous move in a society that holds strict principles about the dress code of women.
The product was met by an immediate rejection as it was considered a direct attack on the cultural and religious practices of the locals. The scholar says that the firm was almost forced out of the Kuwaiti market. The management had to restructure itself, eliminate the brands that had earned negative publicity and replace them with new products.
The firm had to reinvent its brand in this market in order to manage the hostility in the market. This is an ordeal that a firm such as Donia Allengue should not be subjected to in its internationalization process.
The impact of socio-cultural factors on the purchasing pattern of luxurious products is an area that scholars have given massive focus in the recent past. However, there are some contradictions on the existing literatures. While some scholars argue that some luxurious products are beyond the influence of culture and religion, other scholars hold that every cultural practices is a strong force that cannot be ignored by any industry.
For instance, Okonkwo (2007, p. 89) says that some of the top-of-the-range cars such as Mercedes Benz and BMW are always advertised using models who are casually dressed. This has never affected their sales in Middle East where strict principles about dress code are always observed.
However, the case of Victoria’s Secret is completely different from this. In this project, the researcher will try to identify the truth as to whether some luxurious products are beyond cultural influence. It is from the first reading of these existing literatures that the researcher was able to define the research questions discussed above.
How to Answer Research Questions In every research, there must be the logical methods that are used to collect and analyze data in response to the set research questions. The methodology chosen for a research must be sensitive of the resources available for the research, including time and finance. It must also take into consideration the nature of the research (Kapferer
Australia’s Involvement in Pacific War Expository Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The Second World War became the period when Australia got to participate in a massive armed conflict for the first time in its post colonial history. It is also important to mention that at that time Australian troops had to take part in two wars. They fought on the Second World War against Germany and Italy, and they also participated in the battled of the Pacific War fought against Japanese invasion.
Around a million of Australian men and women started their military service in order to protect their motherland and its allies. Over twenty thousand of Australian people were killed during these conflicts, and over twenty thousand were wounded and injured.
In the beginning of the Second World War in 1939, when Great Britain declared war to Germany the Australian troops headed to Europe to assist their allies, but a new threat occurred in the South Pacific.
Since Great Britain joined the war in Europe, Australia immediately became its ally, the political leaders of both countries announced that Australia and Great Britain should be associated as a solid union, so if one of these states is at war, then so is the other one. After 1939 the troops of Australia were mainly based in Europe.
The divisions stationed on the Australian territory were quite weak and could not resist the Japanese invasion that happened in the South Pacific in 1941. This was the time when another ally of Australia, the United States, arrived to the rescue.
The two massive wars Australia took part in at that time were very different. Both of them were a threat for the people of Australia, its land and independence. Australia entered both wars as an ally of Great Britain, protecting its influence and authority in the world, fighting to save the imperial defense system that was crucial for the Australia as a guarantee of protection during the conflict with Japan in the South Pacific.
The main difference between the Second World War and the Pacific War is the fact that the latter became a direct threat for the Australian lands and people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The horrors Australian troops had to go through during the battle for the Kokoda Track in Papua were unavoidable because the Australian troops had to prevent the Japanese invaders from taking over the Port Moresby, which would open them a way towards a great part of North Eastern Australia (Long, 1973). Kokoda campaign was one of the most dangerous operations that Australian protectors had to deal with.
First of all, the climate in that area is very harsh and rainy, there is a high danger of catching various diseases and infections, besides, the road through Kokoda Track is very complicated and dangerous due to its geographical features (Brune, 2004).
Both the Australians and the Japanese took a huge risk entering that zone, but the risk was worthy because losing Port Moresby meat losing a part of their territory for the Australians.
That war for Australia was complicated by the fact that the Japanese spies have been investigating strategically important regions of New Guinea since 1930s, their operations and campaigns were carefully prepared and thought through, and their men were highly motivated by the country’s political ideology (Williams, 2012).
During the Pacific War Australian people’s patriotism and self-identify shifted quite a lot, they started to view themselves as an independent and authentic nation. The experience of fighting for their own territory, protecting their motherland increased the Australian proud spirit. Besides, the active international relationships created a higher diversity and density within the population of the country.
References Brune, P. 2003, A Bastard of a Place: the Australians in Papua, Kokoda, Milne Bay, Gona, Buna, Sanananda, Allen
Americans with Disabilities Act Response Essay best college essay help
ADA and Its Questionable Items Despite the fact that the Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, has provided a range of opportunities for the disabled residents of the United States, it has posed a variety of challenges to the latter as well. Even though the act in question has finally addressed the unemployment issue among the disabled, some of its elements still rub people the wrong way.
Among the key controversies surrounding ADA, the gender issue must be mentioned first. With all due respect to the efforts of the U.S. government to come up with a framework, which would allow for a faster and a more efficient integration of the disabled into the society, the fact that gender profiling is a major issue in the employment of the disabled seems to have been overlooked.
While it could be argued that the Act explains the lack of emphasis on the gender issue at some point, the reason for dismissing the problem seems rather strange: “Under this chapter, the term “disability” shall not include (1) transvestism, transsexualism, pedophilia, exhibitionism, voyeurism, gender identity disorders not resulting from physical impairments, or other sexual behavior disorders” (Department of Justice, 2014, Sec. 12211.).
Even if considering the unwillingness of the authors to focus on the specified issue for the sake of equality and integrity, the fact that a major social problem has been left in the shadow still remains a big concern.
Concepts Selection. Knowledge, People, Community When picking the concepts that seem of the greatest essence to a psychologist, one must consider the phenomenon of knowledge first.
The impact that choices have on the decision is quite obvious in the specified case; for example, the fact that knowledge lands at the top of the priority list shows that the decisions, which I am going to make as a psychologist, will be based primarily on the theoretical background, which I will have acquired by the time.
The significance of attitudes and beliefs on the choice of one’s vocation also shines through as one considers the top three qualities chosen by me and listed above.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Being an active member of my community and believing that people’s wellbeing hinges on their ability to communicate their ideas and emotions properly, I have picked the career of a psychologist in order to help people find the points of contact with the rest of the community and establish a dialogue with the society.
The choice of the items listed in the exercise also helps identify the key specifics of establishing an emotional contact with the patient, as well as the possible problems that a therapist may have in the process. In the case in point, the choice of knowledge as one of the major notions to be taken into account shows that the therapist may consider the idea of introducing the patient to the phenomenon of emotional intelligence.
More to the point, the therapist is most likely to develop the skills of emotional intelligence themselves apart from fostering these skills in the patient. The inclusion of emotional intelligence into the therapy process is most likely to lead to a faster recovery, since the patient will be able to cognize their own self and, therefore, discover the root of the problem and get rid of it (Montañés, 2008).
Reference List Department of Justice. (2014). Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as Amended. ADA.gov. Retrieved from https://www.ada.gov/pubs/adastatute08.htm
Montañés, J. (2008). Does emotional intelligence depend on gender? The socialization of emotional competencies in men and women and its implications. Electronic Journal of Research in Education and Psychology, 6(15), 455–474.
McDonald’s Strategic Management Process Report (Assessment) writing essay help
Table of Contents McDonalds’ Industry
Mission and Competitors
Support of Strategic Objectives
Company and Leadership
McDonalds’ Industry McDonalds are restaurants founded by Maurice and Richard at San Bernardino within the state of California in the USA (McDonald’s Mission and Corporate values, 2010). The company operates in the hospitality industry as a unit offering foods and beverages to its customers.
The industry holds various units including bars, tourism, accommodation, transportation, and event planning among others (Dahmer
The Walt Disney Company Case Study college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Introduction The TV broadcast and cable networks industry has become increasingly competitive due to changes in aspects such as technology, content delivery, social eccentricities, and policy formulation among other dynamics in the field. This state of affairs has compelled media houses to undergo various organisational changes to meet consumer demands with the required efficiency, prudence, and timeliness.
Seemingly, competition has stiffened further amongst the media industry players in the United States. Numerous entertainment firms that offer various packages have sprouted within the media business. Therefore, the existing companies such as Walt Disney have had to review their operational and organisational strategies in attempts to offer highly competitive products and services.
This essay provides an in-depth analysis of the Walt Disney Company as one of the top US companies that are competing in the media industry by looking into the strategies that the company has embraced in an attempt to accomplish its international entertainment goals.
The Walt Disney Company Commonly known as Disney, The Walt Disney Company is a leading US international media conglomerate that is based in California. It ranks among the oldest entertainment media houses as recorded in history. The company has undergone rigorous changes over the years of broadcasting to accomplish various goals in the media industry.
To accomplish the various goals and objectives in the telecommunication industry, the company has endured worldwide technological dynamics and shifting consumer patterns. Strengthening of generic strategies through various complimentary moves has been crucial for the overall success of the company’s business interventions.
The entertainment company functions are based on five business sectors that include media networks, parks and resorts, studio entertainment, interactive media, and consumer products (Tao and Lai 812).
Various business segments operate various subsectors within the scope of the company’s broadcasting, entertainment, and recreational goals. Its generic strategies have served as strong tools for building the brands of its entertainment products and services.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Strengthening the Generic Strategy through Complimentary Strategic Moves in the Media Industry The company has achieved its success by applying a plethora of diversification strategies through complementary moves that have enabled it to flourish in international media markets (Thompson, Peteraf, Gamble, and Strickland 225). At the outset, The Walt Disney Company is known for its far-reaching outsourcing strategies.
The company has contracted a variety of companies around the globe to design and manufacture its products at relatively lower prices. This strategy reduces the company’s production and operational costs. Hence, it brings about huge returns on profits for the company. Through foreign outsourcing, the company has strived to gain global recognition through diversification of its film and consumer products and services, parks and resorts.
In addition, The Walt Disney Company has uses foreign direct investment business strategies to market its products in the global arena. To accomplish the objectives of this strategy, the company has established a multitude of stores in various localities not only in the United States, but also in other countries such as the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Latin America, Japan, and Europe among other geographic places.
This move has enabled the media multinational to reach a large number of consumers around the globe. The biggest advantage of foreign direct investment is maximisation of control over Disney’s business operations worldwide.
Furthermore, The Walt Disney Company provides direct foreign licensing to subsidiary companies that gain the privilege to produce and sell its products. Through direct foreign licensing, the company’s interventions in the media industry have aligned with multifarious cultures within the global localities in which it operates.
Tao and Lai reveal that the company places a strong focus on the economic trends and purchasing capabilities of world’s populations prior to setting up its stores in the host geographic locations (815).
Since the media industry has become increasingly competitive, Walt Disney has gone beyond its American value systems and cultural beliefs to embrace diverse socio-cultural and socioeconomic characteristics of the various populations around the globe. Out of this strategy, the company has managed to compete with potential players in the media industry such as Time Warner, Viacom, and News Corporation among others.
We will write a custom Case Study on The Walt Disney Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Disney’s Strategies for Competing in Markets Horizontal Integration
The company operates in a very competitive business environment in the media industry. As a result, the company has deployed a number of strategies that have enabled it to maintain a competitive advantage amongst the key players in the industry such as CBS, Times Warner, Viacom, and News Corporation among other competitors.
The company uses horizontal integration strategies throughout its media interventions around the globe. Horizontal integration has enabled The Walt Disney Company to venture into various markets. The company possesses numerous media networks, studio entertainment, and consumer product businesses that have widened the scope of the company.
It uses its media networks to control its activities that pertain to TV and radio broadcasting around the globe. The company has provided these companies with autonomous power to control the operations within the scope of Disney’s functional segments. For instance, in 1996, Disney acquired the Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) to operate under Disney Media Networks and Television.
In real sense, ESPN does not have any direct connection with the production Disney’s production process. However, Disney endowed ESPN with the required business licences to market its merchandise. Ultimately, this strategy has resulted in consolidation and cohesiveness of the company’s structure.
Following the fact that the media industry is highly competitive, consumers of the industry have a vast range of choices. As a result, the media and entertainment industries such as Disney experience continuous desire to generate the best products and services for their clients. In this context, the company has used horizontal integration to acquire other media firms in attempts to increase its market share.
The acquisition of other companies adds a plethora of skills and film practices to Disney (Tao and Lai 814). For instance, the acquisition of Marvel, Pixar, and Lucas films among other media companies increased Disney’s accessibility to over 10 thousand film characters.
Since horizontal integration involves the acquisition of new companies in the same field, Disney has opened access to new media markets both in local, national, and international grounds. Generally, this strategy has significantly reduced competition for The Walt Disney Company.
Apart from horizontal integration, Disney also uses vertical integration strategies to gain a competitive advantage in the media industry. Since the onset of 1980s, The Walt Disney Company has used vertical integration in a range of business functions such as production, marketing, and exposition of products and media services.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Walt Disney Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Under this strategy, the company exercises full management of content creation, production, and marketing strategies (Thompson et al. 234). This strategy has also helped the company to monitor creativity of content to meet market requirements. Nevertheless, Disney has used this strategy to compete in the media industry by digitising its production processes and liberalising its media business.
This move has seen the business upgrade its technologies in the various facets of operation to increase market opportunities in the media industry; hence, gaining a competitive advantage over the other media players. Through vertical integration, Disney has achieved it organisational goals in various ways that have made the company undergo significant revolution.
Primarily, the strategy has enhanced digitisation of the Disney’s production processes, a situation that has led to diversification of content and consumer products. As a result, the company has acquired various media outlet stores to sell and distribute its products and services in its areas of operation.
In 1996, the Walt Disney Company bought the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) as a part of its vertical integration strategy (Roder 24).
Product and Service Differentiation
According to Thompson et al., The Walt Disney Company has focused on differentiation of its services and consumer products in attempts to gain a competitive advantage in the media market (251). The company offers a wide range of products and services within the media industry. This strategy has enabled the company to acquire a substantial market share whilst maintaining a pliable competition gap.
The Walt Disney Company’s operations depend on consumers’ willingness to purchase a product or service of their choice. Therefore, the company has developed diversified powerful brands under the name of the company to increase the sales volume by capturing a vast range of clients.
As a result, Disney has continuously attempted to make improvements in the design, production, and distribution of pioneering products that provide mindboggling entertainment to its consumers (Tao and Lai 812). This strategy has earned the company a differentiation competitive advantage over the other key player in the industry.
Entry into Foreign Markets
The Walt Disney Company adopts various means to reach foreign markets. Primarily, the company uses its theme parks peculiarity to suit various market demands in its functional areas of operation. The concept of theme parks has lasted for over half a century ever since the establishment of Disneyland Anaheim in California.
Disney regards theme parks as a concept that inculcates enduring heart-felt experiences in its clients. The company uses this approach to access international markets. The uniqueness of the theme park approach has earned the company competitive advantage other international media conglomerates.
Theme parks have enabled The Walt Disney Company to exploit inimitable media and entertainment resources that are not within the reach of other players in the industry (Tao and Lai 813). The diversification of this unique entry mode has opened business opportunities in foreign countries that include France, Japan, and Hong Kong among other markets.
Moreover, The Walt Disney Company accesses foreign markets by localising its content to suit the ways of life of people in different parts of the world. The world populations are very diverse not only in culture but also in other aspects of life. This situation raises a need for establishing robust business means that recognises the needs and tastes of consumers around the world.
Localisation of content ensures that the company’s film products and other media services remain pertinent to its client irrespective of their geographic localities in the world. The achievement of this objective heavily depends on the company’s willingness to extend administrative assistance, coordination, and oversight functions to Disney’s international outlets.
As a result, globalisation has become inevitable for the company over its years of operation. Localisation of content has also enabled managers in the various geographic outlets to determine the best brands and film characters that resonate with consumer demands at local levels (Roder 14).
This approach to local consumers has seen the company spread its business over areas such as the Latin America, Japan, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa among other nations and continents.
Leveraging Operations Internationally
The Walt Disney Company does a great deal to leverage its diversified global operations. As one of the most reputable international media family, Disney has endured challenging market environments to ensure that its media activities continue to shine in local, regional, and global markets. At the outset, the firm offers exceptionally pioneering and state-of-the-art products that have improved consumer experiences.
Superior movies produced at The Walt Disney Company’s studios have continued to enlarge the company’s markets since the availability of such movies has increased in many retail studios.
Secondly, Disney has put forth strategies to revel native philosophies and general ways of life to make its products more germane and standard globally. The company’s appreciation of local cultures has served as an appropriate means of leveraging its operations internationally (Roder 16).
Conclusion Unrelenting improvements in technology coupled with accompanying innovative and inventive abilities have continued to stiffen the competition amongst different companies in the media industry. As a result, there is increased diversification of pioneering products in the media market that have put business in the industry at a risk.
Therefore, there is a need for firms that operate in the TV broadcast and cable networks industry to adopt strategies that are more robust and flexible to technological and socio-economic changes.
The entertainment industry has revolutionised, owing to advancement in technological aspects of filmmaking, broadcasting, and internet serving. Consequently, to gain competitive advantage, there is a need for The Walt Disney Company to offer entertainment packages that are more attractive and exciting to its client as well as enhance its theme park strategies.
Works Cited Roder, Fiona. Strategic Benefits and Risks of Vertical Integration in International Media Conglomerates and Their Effect on Firm Performance. PDF file. 9 Sep. 2014. .
Tao, Teresa, and Josephine Lai. “Globalisation and theme park: A case study of Hong Kong Disneyland.” Tourism and Global Change: On the Edge of Something Big 1.1 (2013): 812-815. Print.
Thompson, Arthur, Margaret Peteraf, John Gamble, and Alonzo Strickland. Crafting
Interview with the Chief Executive of Dunkin’ Donuts Report cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Importance of Leadership in Crafting and Executing Strategy
Role of a leader in crafting a strategy
Role of a leader in executing a strategy
Introduction Leadership is an important aspect of an organization that always defines its ability to achieve success in various contexts. According to Thompson, Strickland and Gamble (90), offering leadership is one of the most challenging tasks that require skills and knowledge on how to manage people.
A good leader must be able to make employees believe in a given course and to work towards achieving a given objective without any serious resistance. The position requires someone with the capacity to inspire followers even in cases when they feel demoralized. A leader should be in a position to come up with ways of addressing issues within an organization in a manner that will be convincing to all the stakeholders.
Strategy crafting and implementation are some of the most important roles of a leader as seen in the interview with the chief executive of Dunkin’ Donuts. In this research, the focus is to determine the importance of leadership in crafting and executing of strategies.
Importance of Leadership in Crafting and Executing Strategy According to Hough (47), many organizations that are successful largely owe their achievement to effective leadership. Dunkin’ Donuts is one of the leading brands not only in New England area of the United States, but also in the entire world. The company experienced massive success following the ascent of Nigel Travis to the position of chief executive officer of the firm in 2008.
He helped the firm to expand, and currently, Dunkin’ Donuts is one of the largest coffee houses in the world. He was able to come up with strategies that were meant to maximize on the strengths of the firm, and limit its weaknesses as demonstrated in the interview. This is a true reflection of what a leader is expected of when it comes to crafting and executing strategies.
Role of a leader in crafting a strategy The interview with the chief executive of Dunkin’ Donuts gives an insight on the role of a leader in crafting a strategy. It is important to understand the role of a leader in crafting strategies within an organizational setting.
Hough (37) says that employees within an organization are always waiting to follow instructions given to them by their leader. It is the role of the leader to craft strategies which will form the basis of instructions to be issued to the employees. Crafting a strategy starts by understanding the environmental forces that may influence the normal operation of a firm.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These environmental factors can broadly be classified as internal and external environmental forces. The internal environmental factors are the strengths and weaknesses of a firm that have direct or indirect impact on its operations. A leader must have the information about the internal environment of the firm he or she is leading.
This information will come from various departments such as finance, marketing, production, procurement, and logistics units. A good leader should always ensure that he or she gathers information from all relevant departments regularly in order to identify the organization’s strengths and weaknesses.
When the needed information about the internal environment is collected, the leader will need to have the information about the external environment. In this respect, the leader will need to understand the opportunities and threats in the market. The external environment presents a series of opportunities that a firm will need when developing strategies.
Opportunities presented by the emerging technologies, expansion of the middle class, growing economic environment, and the political environment should be tapped appropriately in order to maximize the profitability of the firm. On the other hand, the market has some threats that the management must deal with in order to ensure that its normal operations are not affected as shown in the interview.
The market competition, insecurity, economic downturn, and the changing tastes and preferences are some of the threats that the leader should be aware of when managing an organization.
While information about the internal environmental factors can be collected by receiving regular reports from the relevant departmental heads, external factors can only be obtained through research. This means that the organization will need to conduct regular research about external environmental forces.
It is only after collecting all the relevant data that a leader can initiate the process of crafting a strategy. The strategy will be based on the information gathered about the internal and external business environment. As Hough (69) notes, strategy formulation is a process that involves teamwork. It is not a process where the leader views the information provided to him and makes an individualistic strategy.
We will write a custom Report on Interview with the Chief Executive of Dunkin’ Donuts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More All the departments must first be allowed to discuss issues that affect their units, and make their suggestions on how these issues can be addressed. The departmental heads will then meet the chief executive with their suggestions. The role of the leader is to listen to these suggestions, and with the help of other departmental heads, craft strategies which are in line with the suggestions presented before the panel.
The leader will need to be aware of the constraints that may make some suggestions be modified to reflect the financial capacity of the firm, and time available for the implementation. A leader must always remain flexible when crafting policies. He or she must remain realistic to changes which are taking place within the internal and external environment in order to come up with effective strategies.
Role of a leader in executing a strategy From the interview, it is clear that a leader plays a pivotal role in strategy execution. According to Thompson, Strickland and Gamble (75), policy implementation is one of the most important tasks in an organization. The policy crafted in the above stage is just a piece of instructions of what should be done. An organization can only achieve success if it is able to execute its strategies in a superior manner.
As a leader, one would need to take a supervisory role in ensuring that the strategy is executed as effectively as possible. However, it is a fact that the leader may not be present in all the departments at all the times.
There are administrative tasks that the leader is expected to undertake, and for this reason, it is necessary to delegate some of the duties to other junior leaders who will be able to supervise the implementation of the strategies. As the interviewee noted, the departmental heads will be directly responsible to the chief executive officer.
The strategies formulated will be handed over to the departmental heads who will be directly involved in their implementation. The strategies will need to be broken down into specific tasks that should be undertaken by specific individuals. It is the responsibility of the departmental heads, with the help of his or her supervisors, to break down the strategies into tasks.
The chief executive will need to review the progress made by each department in implementing the strategies. The leader should encourage close coordination between the departments of the organization during the implementation process in order to ensure that there is unison. It is also the responsibility of the leader to set the parameters that will be used to measure success in the execution of strategies by each of the departments.
The departmental heads should be aware of these parameters. They should know what the leader is expecting from them, and the timeline that each task should be accomplished.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Interview with the Chief Executive of Dunkin’ Donuts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The leader should ensure that he or she conducts regular review of the performance of all the departments in order to confirm the reports given by heads of the departments. This way, all the departmental heads will be aware that they have a responsibility to all the stakeholders.
Conclusion From the interview, it is clear that a leader has an important role in crafting and executing strategies within an organization. Although the leader is not directly involved in the collection of data and implementation of the crafted strategies, he or she is always the driving force that ensures that everything is done correctly. A leader is expected to initiate the process of collecting information about the internal and external environment.
He or she will then lead a team that will come up with strategies that seek to align the internal environment with the forces in the external environment. In the process of executing the strategies, he or she is expected to offer moral and material support to the team involved in the implementation process.
Works Cited Hough, John. Crafting and executing strategy: Text, readings and cases. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2011. Print.
Thompson, Arthur, Alonzo Strickland, and John Gamble. Crafting and Executing Strategy: The Quest for Competitive Advantage : Concepts and Cases. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2005. Print.
The Benihana Restaurants Case Study college essay help near me: college essay help near me
What the Case Study is About The Benihana case study highlights the operational processes of a Japanese restaurant operating in America. Based on its operational challenges and the problems encountered by the company in expanding into new locations, the case study also highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the restaurant.
In line with this analogy, the article also compares the similarities and differences between Benihana restaurant and other restaurants in the US. To do so, it explains the history and development of the restaurant, and how it has succeeded by using a Japanese restaurant management strategy to guide its operations.
Therefore, comprehensively, the case study explains the operational processes of the Benihana restaurant by highlighting its key design features and marketing strategies (Sasser, 1972).
Issues Associated with the Case Study Some of the issues associated with the Benihana case study include the operational management efficiencies and brand success strategies of the restaurant. Other issues mentioned in the paper include training, business expansion, organization control, and advertisement strategies of the enterprise (Sasser, 1972).
Difference between the Benihana Production Process and that of a Typical Restaurant The production process of Benihana restaurants differs with those of typical restaurants because it uses the hibachi table concept which allows the restaurant staff to prepare food in front of the customers. Rocky (the restaurant owner) introduced this concept in the 1960s after realizing that American customers often wanted to eat in exotic surroundings, but failed to order exotic foods because they did not trust foreign delicacies.
Therefore, to mitigate this problem, Rocky introduced the hibachi table concept for his clients to see how they prepare the “exotic” foods. This way, he expected the customers to trust foreign delicacies. The “gamble” paid off because the restaurant achieved tremendous success in this regard. Furthermore, it helped the restaurant managers to reduce their labor costs and maximize the business’s space productivity (Sasser, 1972).
Analysis of Production Process (Major Design Choices that Generate Efficiencies) Benihana’s production process mainly centers on cooking through showmanship. This strategy involves the ability to cook food attractively and fast. Other restaurants are unable to adopt this production philosophy, partly because they do not have the skills and refined chefs to do so. For example, a key component of Benihana’s production process is the recruitment of skilled Japanese chefs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The restaurant recruits them from Japan and through a free trade agreement with American authorities; they are allowed to work in the US. They have “exotic” skills for preparing Japanese foods. As seen in exhibit six of the case study, Benihana restaurants take a lot of time selecting and training these chefs (Sasser, 1972).
They have to undergo a gruesome training process that involves a 2-year apprenticeship program in Japan and a comprehensive training program at the Benihana College of Chefs in Tokyo. When the chefs complete their training programs, they come to America when they are prepared to take on the challenging task of preparing food for American clients.
Another component of Benihana’s production process is its management structure. Sitting at the helm of the operations department is Bill Susha (the vice president of the company). According to exhibit three of the case study, he oversees the operations of company franchises and company-owned units.
However, he is surrounded by a team of agile Japanese and American managers. This blend of employees provides a dynamic understanding of the restaurant management process (Sasser, 1972).
The hibachi production process has greatly contributed to Benihana’s success because its competitors are unable to match the same production standards that it provides. This assertion stems from the intense competition that Benihana experiences by operating in the competitive American hospitality industry.
In terms of production competencies, other restaurants specialize in providing specialized customer services to a dynamic clientele. Comparatively, Benihana succeeds by operating a simple production process. By using a standard production process, the restaurant almost operates like a “flow” shop. This production process makes sure it enjoys a high efficiency and low production costs.
The key to Benihana’s success is the large menu and the personalized food ordering and preparation processes. Therefore, while the average American customer orders for food and waits for chefs to prepare it in the kitchen, Benihana’s customers order food and watch professional chefs prepare it for them.
We will write a custom Case Study on The Benihana Restaurants specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Although the restaurant adopts a standard production process, customers can make special requests to the chefs and have their food prepared in an “exciting” way (Sasser, 1972). This creative production process largely explains Benihana’s success.
Benihana restaurants are also unique because they have an authentic historical value. For example, Rocky often disassembled valuable architectural installations from old Japanese houses and shipped them to the US. He used these pieces to decorate the restaurant, thereby giving it an authentic “Japanese feel” that other restaurants did not have.
Although an eatery outlined the main design component of Benihana restaurants, exhibit two shows that a bar was also a key design component of the restaurants (Sasser, 1972). The bar was not an original design feature of the enterprise because Rocky did not see it as playing an instrumental role in the restaurants’ operations.
However, over time, he started to appreciate its importance. Consequently, the floor designs of Benihana restaurants have eight seats for bar patrons (Sasser, 1972). New Benihana outlets have more spaces for the bar. Now, it is a key design feature of the restaurants.
The customer seating design is another key design feature of Benihana restaurants. The Hibachi seating design allows eight customers to sit around a table. This setting allows strangers to sit next to one another and interact in an environment that would otherwise not have permitted open interactions.
The menu is also a key design feature of Benihana restaurants because it is simple (mainly contains three components – chicken, shrimp, and steak). The selections of favorite American dishes inform this design. For example, the restaurant reduced the menu components to only three main American dishes – steak, chicken, and shrimp.
This process increased the organization’s efficiency by reducing storage costs and minimizing waste. In fact, depending on the price of meat, the restaurant enjoys cost efficiencies of up to 35% (Sasser, 1972). Furthermore, the menu comes with standard accompaniments that include rice, bean sprouts, and zucchini (among other food types) (Sasser, 1972).
How I Understand These Issues The Benihana case study highlights issues that revolve around restaurant management processes. The operations management discipline mainly encompasses these issues. For example, it includes marketing, inventory management, employee management, customer service, public relations and such like concepts that are highlighted in the Benihana case study.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Benihana Restaurants by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In line with this reasoning, I believe restaurants should understand that, although their operations management processes may yield positive results, customers are always right. Therefore, their strategic management concepts should show a strong customer focus. Furthermore, restaurants need to have clear goals and appreciate the need for regular updates to their menus and operations.
These principles highlight the evolving nature of operations management. If we extrapolate this finding to the Benihana case study, we find out that the Hibachi model should receive regular updates as well. Furthermore, there should be more customer involvement in the restaurant management process.
How these issues link with the Theories discussed (Concept and Experience Design) The Benihana case study gives information about the restaurant’s production process. Its main components highlight different management jargon used to explain such production processes.
Stated differently, the operational management issues, highlighted in the case study, bring our attention to the expanded applicability of management literature, such as throughput capacity and demand variability, beyond manufacturing sectors (where they are predominantly used). Therefore, the case study shows how such concepts also apply to service-oriented industries.
Lastly, the operational management issues, highlighted in the case study, also show how concepts affect operational outcomes. For example, the case study shows how input variations affect restaurant operations. Specifically, it shows how operational management issues affect restaurant profitability.
Alternative Approach to Managing the Issues This paper has already shown that efficiency and operations management issues outline the main focus of the Benihana case study. It also shows how the restaurant has used the hibachi food preparation system to improve these key areas. While this strategy has proved to be largely successful, an alternative approach that would provide the same outcome is the “speedy” service system.
Unlike the Hibachi system, which requires a few skilled workers to prepare food, the “speedy” service system relies on unskilled workers to perform different tasks in the food preparation process (Wilson, 2014). The workers do not need to be knowledgeable about the entire system; they only need to understand one step in this process.
This strategy hails from the assembly line process (used in the automotive industry). Instead of having one group of employees who understand all vehicle assembly processes, automotive industries require workers to specialize in only one assembly area. This approach could similarly work in the restaurant business. Besides re-organizing the food preparation process, it could also change the restaurant design and setup.
This paper has already shown that Benihana restaurants do not have a kitchen because the food preparation process occurs on the client’s table. The “speedy” service system would require a kitchen, but unlike conventional restaurants, it would have few, but large, types of equipment for every step of the food preparation process.
For example, restaurants that prepare burgers could have only one grill for this purpose. Similarly, the same restaurant could have only one condiment for adding one ingredient in the food preparation process. Many fast-food restaurants have used this food preparation model, successfully. For example, McDonald’s popularity stems from this alternative food preparation approach (Wilson, 2014).
Impact of Alternative Approach Unlike the Hibachi strategy, where customers make special requirements to chefs during the food preparation process, the “speedy” model does not accommodate customized food processes. Workers prepare food in a standard way and all customers get the same quality of food.
Compared to Benihana’s Hibachi strategy, this food preparation model shortens the food preparation process and avails it to customers in a relatively shorter time than Benihana restaurants do.
References Sasser, E. (1972). Benihana of Tokyo. Web.
Wilson, T. (2014). How Fast Food Works. Web.
Healthcare Services Consumption Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
State Regulation as the Key Tool
Introduction The intervention of government into the market and the problems that this intrusion into the key market processes entails is often mentioned as one of the major issues of the 21st century; however, a closer look at the issue will show that the problem is quite overblown.
True, government does have a palpable impact on the financing and even provision processes taking place in local markets (Donaldson
“Economy” by Nuala Zahedieh Essay college essay help online
The development of the Atlantic empire contributed to the commercialisation of the British economy during the 17th-18th centuries significantly because of changing the economic priorities, modifying capital distribution principles, and transforming markets. According to Zahedieh, the Atlantic empire played the key role in designing the economic patterns used in Britain during the next century (Zahedieh 2002, p. 67).
From this point, it is possible to state that the westward expansion contributed to Britain’s economic progress in spite of the controversies associated with the development of the American colonies.
The first reason to state that the Atlantic empire changed the economic realities of Britain in the 17th century is in the fact that the focus on the progress of the American colonies’ economy resulted in reducing the pressure on resources in Britain. Settlers moved to America in order to increase their financial state and to work for improving the living conditions.
The second reason is that settlers focused on cultivating crops and on promoting the staple trade. It is possible to agree with Zahedieh’s idea that cultivation of crops and the focus on staple trades contributed to improving employment and to increasing export and profits for the American settlers and for the British (Zahedieh 2002, p. 52). Much attention should be paid to legislation to regulate the colonial trade relations.
Promoting acts to control trade relations and improving the taxation legislation, the British supported the role of England in the trade relations as an entrepot in order to gain more profits. Thus, concentrating on settlement, the British supported the colonial trade and received significant benefits.
However, the main success of the American colonies was associated with cultivating and proposing such ‘addictive’ products as tobacco and sugar. Zahedieh notes that the cultivation of tobacco was an economically advantageous strategy for the American settlers and for the British. The consumption grew along with the reduction in prices (Zahedieh 2002, p. 58).
The production of sugar also had the strategic importance. The focus on production of tobacco and sugar added significantly to supporting the British traditional market based on producing wool. The shift to using slaves for working at the sugar plantations demonstrated new approaches to acquiring the additional labour.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More That is why, it is important to note that the focus on staple trades and production of tobacco and sugar made the real revolution in the economy of Britain in the 17th-18th centuries.
Paying attention to the economic opportunities provided with references to the development of the Atlantic empire, the British authorities focused on promoting the monopoly and on the active regulation of the trade relations in spite of supporting the idea of the free trade popular in the 18th century.
The British received the effective market for goods, continued to be the “source of taste and fashion” for the American settlers, and supported their country at the path of the active commercialisation (Zahedieh 2002, p. 65). These efforts and strategies can be discussed representative to understand the role of the American colonies in the progress of the British economy.
The Atlantic empire can be discussed as an example of the effective international system based on the progressive economic or trade relations between the mother country and colonies. During the 17th-18th centuries, the relations between the territories were supported to contribute to the economic progress of both the mother country and American colonies.
Reference List Zahedieh, N 2002, ‘Economy’, in D Armitage
“Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory” by Robert Cox Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
In his article, Robert Cox (1981) discusses the factors the shape the main peculiarities of international relations. Much attention should be paid to his assumption according to which the world order is shaped by social forces and institutions within countries.
In this particular context, the term world order can be depicted as a set of rules and principles that govern the interactions between the main actors of international politics (Cox 1981, p. 152). It seems that this argument is important for understanding the main trends in the global politics. These ideas should be discussed in greater detail.
Overall, the scholar notes that the distinctions between the state and civic societies may not be relevant if one speaks about the foreign policy of a country. Traditionally, political scientists regard international relations as the expression of state interests and priorities such as the need to minimize or eliminate external threats (Cox 1981, p. 126).
Nevertheless, the author believes that this separation of civic society and the state is not permissible. The writer provides various examples that can illustrate his argument; in particular, he discusses the system of international relations that emerged in the nineteenth century. It is now known as Pax Britannica. To some degree, it was the expression of values which were advocated by the middle class (Cox 1981, p. 141).
Apart from that, much attention should be paid to the increasing of role of manufacturing capitalism in the nineteenth century (Cox 1981, p. 141). The author offers a model according to which social forces, forms of state, and existing world order are closely intertwined (Cox, 1981, p. 138).
One should keep in mind that the author introduces the idea of transnational social forces that manifest themselves in various regions of the world. To some degree, this premise can be accepted because social groups in different countries may have similar interests; moreover, they can set the norms governing international relations.
It should be noted that this approach can be useful for understanding the way in which social forces and institutions affect international relations. Nevertheless, this approach may not be suitable for explaining the conflicting nature of international politics. For instance, the government can enter into alliances with countries in which different classes or institutions can play the dominant role.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, one should not overlook the role of conflicts within the civic society. These are some of the factors that Robert Cox does not consider. Moreover, his interpretation minimizes the role that separate policy-maker can play.
The decisions of these people can be affected by such factors as prejudice, ambition, or lack of relevant knowledge. Nevertheless, their actions can profoundly affect international relations. This is one of the issues that should be taken into account.
On the whole, Robert Cox’s article can give readers useful tools for understanding the development of international relations. The author lays stress on the necessity to analyze the internal factors within the state, because they are often reflected in the foreign policies of a country. In particular, social forces can shape the norms and institutions that govern the interactions between states.
In the author’s view, both civic society and state form international policies. However, the scholar does not examine the possibility of conflicts within a civic society. Moreover, his model cannot account for individual decisions taken by policy-makers. These are the main aspects that can be singled out.
Reference Cox, R 1981, ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory’, Millennium – Journal of International Studies, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 126-155.
Implementation of Effective Training in Health Care Facilities Research Paper college application essay help
Medical billing in the health care industry is discussed as the field where health care services are considered within the financial context. The problem is in the fact that many health care facilities need to hire outside medical billing professionals because of the specifics of the sphere and impossibility to document all the necessary information appropriately.
The cost-effective and comprehensive solution to this problem is the focus on training the health care facility’s staff in medical billing (Beik, 2014, p. 32-33).
The issue of implementing the effective and complete training for all the staff working in a healthcare facility and specializing in medical billing is important to be discussed in detail because the results of the effective training directly influence the financial status of the facility.
Nevertheless, the process of implementing the effective training for the staff specializing in medical billing is associated with a range of such challenges and trends as the focus on the program’s necessity; the choice of the type of training; the choice of tools to use; and the implementation of programs for older employees.
Thus, the purpose of the literature review is to examine the current sources on the topic and to organize the discussion of the researchers’ conclusions according to the determined challenges.
Important recommendations regarding the necessity of focusing on training in medical billing and coding are observed in the article written by Harrison and the group of researchers specializing in genetic counseling. According to the authors, the volume of services provided by physicians and other health care practitioners increases in correlation with the increase in the number of billing concerns (Harrison et al., 2010, p. 38).
The problem is in the fact that physicians have no opportunity to document medical records and other issues adequately, and the special staff is hired to be responsible for the medical billing in healthcare facilities. However, the staff’s improper billing skills as well as the physicians’ inattentiveness lead to fixing the incorrect information in important documents.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Changes in codes also cause more problems in billing and coding because professionals do not receive all the necessary information regarding the use of the changed codes (Harrison et al., 2010, p. 39). Thus, it is stated in the article that the number of billing concerns increases each year, and to reduce billing errors, more attention should be paid to training the staff in relation to the medical billing question.
The next trend discussed in the scholarly literature is the choice of the training program to implement in health care facilities. Focusing on the problem of choosing the most effective form of training for the health care facility’s personnel, it is important to refer to the research completed by Benke, Lin, and Ishman.
According to the researchers, the personnel’s billings skills can be significantly improved after the first directed education session (Benke, Lin,
Branding Concept Development Qualitative Research Essay custom essay help
Introduction The concept of brands and branding is not new to the academic and business world. This concept can be traced down to the beginning of civilisation where headers branded their livestock for differentiation purposes (Mukherjee 2013).
However, development of major features of modern branding can be traced back to the 16th century when brands developed by individuals (such as Josiah Wedgwood and Rose Bertin) appeared (Mukherjee 2013). Due to the importance of branding in the business world, a number of procedures and theories have been developed with regards to this phenomenon.
This paper will explore development of the concept of branding, its relevant theories and concepts, development of branding within the last decade and expected directions that it might take in the next decade. Finally, the paper will include suggestions on areas that future research should focus on in the academic as well as practitioner point of view.
Literature Review on Branding Trends and Development The twenty-first century is marked by attention to global issues which are related to environment, human health, and equality and so on. Clearly, companies could not remain intact and have to respond to the latest trends occurring in the society. Thus, development of brands is now connected (to this or that extent) to an issue which lies within the areas mentioned above.
Tustin and De Jongh (2008, p. 32) stress that companies employ the concept of brand citizenship which is development of a brand “by backcasting key business decisions throughout the value chain and business processes to reflect ethical implications at every decision-making point”. In other words, companies tend to add an ethical value to their products as well as brands.
Contemporary consumers are not satisfied with high quality and reasonable prices. They want to become a part of a process of development and improvement through their buying experience. It is possible to state that they are willing to buy from responsible companies that contribute to development of the community.
Thomas et al. (2013) also note that companies are trying to add certain ethical value by considering the US cereal brands. These brands were articulating the following messages: healthy eating and lifestyle, family values, happy and easy life. Admittedly, each product can be linked to a number of ethical values which will be shared by individuals as well as large communities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apart from ethical component of the brand development, companies pay a lot of attention to innovation. Brandt, Cazzaniga and Hann (2011) note that consumers want to buy really high-quality and innovative products which could address issues which are arising.
For instance, cosmeceuticals have to come up with innovative goods as consumers; needs are changing due to the change of the environment, cultural diversity as well as fashion and people’s preferences (Cazzaniga
Cross-Cultural Management in Emirates Airline Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Findings
Solutions and recommendations
Findings Inasmuch as Sana did not know the instances of culture shock, she accepts that the adjustment to the working environment had to take time. For instance, she acknowledges learning and getting along with new lifestyles from people of different background when working in a multicultural environment.
Sana’s response on people she is comfortable working together with implies her willingness to adjust to a universal culture. That is, people have to adjust to the environment by coming out of their comfort zones and work in groups. Sana believes in learning as a continuous process, and people come to know more about their horizons, such as different languages.
Naziha, on the other hand, agreed to have faced numerous culture shocks the time she started working at the Emirates Airline. Specifically, the management style and the corporate environment at the company were quite different. As a result, she had to adjust to the environment, and now in the ninth year she has adapted into the system.
One of the cultural shocks that Naziha experienced was that people might not be implementers of what they stand for. She had held the belief that in the corporate world, people should speak out their mind in black and white, and nobody should later discuss the issue. She considered this quite unethical with the corporate world – one should not go at the back of the other to criticise the opinions.
Naziha highlighted that nationality was the main cause of this unethical conduct; people of same nationality could later engage in discussions about issues raised at a meeting. On the management aspect, the interviewee reported that the person she reported to could not even comprehend what research was, implying that the leaders were natives with low level of education than them.
The next instance occurred at the facilitation of a workshop; the leader pushed Naziha in front to facilitate the workshop program. The open leadership style, according to Naziha, was an embarrassment since she had even informed the leader earlier of her problem of lost voice.
In all these shocks, Naziha believed that there is still a continuous shock, that is, the world is quite chaotic in terms of the management’s hiring criteria. In almost all her duties, she met leaders who had less experience and low educational levels.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Taking the case of the workshop leader who in her view embarrassed her, the process through which she got her way into the management was not ethical. However, Naziha seems more of a stereotype in her responses. Hosfede defines culture as the software of the mind that differentiates individuals of one group from another (Anbari, Khilkhanova, Romanova, and Umpleby n.d.).
The success of international business assignments depends on how a person and his/her family restructure, change, and adapt to the demands of the new setup. Punnet noted that culture is not innate; it is learned. The entire process occurs through socialisation; therefore, when one goes to another culture, the learning process continues.
Notably, learning takes time. Moreover, cultures have close interrelation. Even though cultural aspects are examinable in isolation, they ought to be comprehended from a context of the whole. In order to adapt to the foreign culture, the three Pakistanis needed to go through cross cultural negotiation training.
Culture influences people’s decision-making process, behaviour, and ways of communication. An example is evident in the way Enron could easily lose key contracts in India when it was still a mere pipeline company. At the time, Indians felt that negotiations ought to be slow in order to cater for the needs of all parties, while Enron believe in the common say of “time is money,” and as such, international negotiations should be done faster.
In this aspect, cross-cultural negotiations were a key aspect in the differences that Naziha, Sana, and Eddie are witnessing while working in Dubai. It is imperative to understand culture in order to appreciate fully different behaviours among groups of people.
Singling out Naziha who in her experiences felt mistreated and despised, the theoretical conceptual approaches of Affect, Behaviour, and Cognitions of understanding cultural diversity is of great importance. From this perspective, understanding the nature of cultural heterogeneity helps in enhancing the positive effects of cross-cultural contacts (Anbari et al. n.d.).
Culture is generally the way of life of any social group. This sociological perspective touches on the ways social groups think, the ways they act and the parameters that shapes their ways of life. According to Edward Tylor, culture entails morals, customs, beliefs, knowledge, symbols, and other habits that one can acquire as a member of a given society (Asante, Miike, and Yin 2008).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Cross-Cultural Management in Emirates Airline specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cultural relativism holds that civilisation or way of life is not something complete; however, it is relative with the context in which it is practiced. Markedly, this sociological concept has it that there is no right or wrong practices. The rightness or wrongness depends on a social group that practices it.
Therefore, an act that is unethical in one ethnic group can be ethical in another ethnic group. There is no way of life that is absolute in itself. The concept of cultural relativism features significantly; the relativistic nature of truth and morality was evident in the way UAE nationals could get to higher positions even though they had low educational qualifications compared to their counterparts from foreign nations.
Eddie even supports the difference in culture in which he is given low posts in the management at the Emirates. With cultures having different value systems, one culture can view the culture of another group in terms of factors like communication, traditions, and behaviours as irrelevant. This uncertainty is evident at Emirates when the three interviewed Pakistanis raised pertinent issues on difference in power distribution.
Geert Hofstede and Fons Trompenaars in their studies of cross-cultural management revealed different cultural aspects like power distance, collectivism versus individualism, and inner-directed versus outer-directed (Hofstede 2011). Power-distance of different cultures affects effectiveness of communication.
For instance, societies with small power-distance, subordinates do not wait to be told of what to do while those with high power-distance tend to wait for their superiors to make crucial decisions and instruct them on what to do.
Solutions and recommendations Within an organisation, there are essential aspects of culture that firms have to consider in their management processes. Culture brings people together. The concept of corporate culture drives employees in an organisation towards achieving a common goal, making them develop a sense of unified responsibility.
As an initiator of unity, culture helps in developing consensus among employees and the management. For example, Emirates Airline can conduct training for their employees in order to inculcate the corporate culture in employees. In this aspect, all stakeholders within the company strive to work towards achieving centralised goals.
The whole concept of culture within an organisation brings out the image of a firm that the management would like to project. From the complains Naziha raised on the unethical practices in the company, it remains the role of the HR executive to design ethical organisational behaviours so that employees can reinforce the whole system in unison.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Cross-Cultural Management in Emirates Airline by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Class, ethnicity, and gender shape how different audiences receive and encode messages (Samovar, Porter, and McDaniel 2012). The aforementioned factors have to apply multi-perspective and multi-cultural approaches in understanding the significance and effects of cultural studies in society. Eddie acknowledges the company’s move in making them learn the meaning of different sign languages and expressions.
This assists in aiding interpretation of information within the context of the production and reception. Notably even Sana and Naziha had no problems with communication at their workplaces. The aspect of globalisation requires organisations to consider collectivistic and individualistic cultural orientations in doing business.
Hall in his cross-cultural communication process puts forward four critical stages of communication – production, circulation, consumption, and reproduction (Raimo 2008). The company ensured that all employees the significance of each stage in the communication chain, and that information are interpreted differently depending on the receiver’s culture.
The UAE, in particular, faces many challenges in demographics, unemployment issues, sustainability matters, educational concerns, and mainstream gender needs. Since the joint venture targets the UAE’s market, it will have to engage its available human resource in employment and education in line with both the Arab and Islamic customs and traditional practices.
The major target of the employment opportunities remain the nationalisation of the Emirates with focus rapidly shifting to women. Emirates Airline boasts of an established system of employee and mentorship program that is essential for employee development and productivity at the workplace.
Communication within organisations is vital for full attainment of goals and objectives; the process must enhance customer satisfaction in terms of service experience. Company interaction with customers involves applying different methods that ensure that customers’ pieces of information reach the sales department.
Since this communication process involves many people, it requires appropriate management to guarantee best customer service to present and future customers (Nguyen n.d.). The Emirates Airline should adopt an inclusive approach to communicate to its employees – an approach that recognises the value systems of all cultures.
Stakeholders at the Emirates Airline have different personalities and cultural backgrounds; they have to learn how to communicate to each other in order to attain effective competitive advantage over their competitors in the market like the Etihad Airways (Gesteland 2012).
Effective communication requires initiators to understand the social and cultural contexts under which they intend to interact with the receivers. It is vital to note that cultural differences can distort the meaning of messages sent to receivers; therefore, Emirates Airline managers must comprehend the cultural behaviours of all their employees.
Naziha’s responses indicated her stereotypical nature. Even though she accepts to have accepted the present culture, she feels that other nationalities are the major cause of unethical practices in the management. In addition, she believes that her educational qualifications are under-utilised; she even discourages fellow Pakistani women to move to Dubai to seek for employment. As a way forward, she needs to avoid the stereotypic nature by associating with positive people and maintaining a sense of humour.
Conclusion With the increased globalisation of commerce, as well as the ever extending need to work effectively with culturally diverse workforces, organisations are facing new yet common challenges in meeting the demands of workplace management.
The challenges includes but not limited to communication problems, dealing with cultural diversity, decision-making, criticisms and disagreements as well as the problem of interpreting the ever changing workplace environment.
References Anbari, F. T., Khilkhanova, E. V., Romanova, M. V., and Umpleby, S. A n.d., Cross Cultural Differences and their Implications For Managing International Projects. Web.
Asante, M. K., Miike, Y., and Yin, J 2008, The global intercultural communication reader, Routledge, New York.
Gesteland, R. R 2012, Cross-cultural business behavior: A guide for global management, Copenhagen Business School Press, Copenhagen.
Hofstede, G 2011, “Dimensionalising Cultures: The Hofstede Model in Context”, Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-26.
Nguyen, H n.d., Compare and contrast cultural frameworks developed by Geert Hofstede and Fons Trompenaars. Web.
Raimo, S. W 2008, The Impact of Edward Hall on Cross-Cultural Leadership Communication. Web.
Samovar, L. A., Porter, R. E., and McDaniel, E. R 2012, Intercultural communication: A reader, Wadsworth Cengage Learning, Boston, MA.
Spin-Out Management: Theory and Practice Essay (Critical Writing) best college essay help
Table of Contents Article summary
Relating the article to the class materials
Relevance to organizational change and execution
Article summary The article “Spin-Out Management: Theory and Practice” encourages managers to have effective organizational structures. A powerful organizational structure promotes “the best leadership practices, business models, and decision-making processes” (Jagersman and van Gorp 17).
According to the authors, Spin-Out Management makes it easier for business organizations to diversify their operations. This strategy encourages firms “to produce independent business activities” (Jagersman and van Gorp 16). This practice “enhances the innovative aspects of a business” (Jones 34). The approach also increases the level of profitability.
This model encourages companies to produce powerful structures that can support their potentials. The article examines how different companies such as Dell Computers, 4BB, and Infopulse have used the above model effectively. Businesses should “identify their objectives, budgets, scopes, and penetration strategies before embracing the Spin-Out Management model” (Jagersman and van Gorp 23).
Relating the article to the class materials Managers should understand the relevance of Theory, Design, and Change. This article begins by examining the issues affecting many organizations today. The theoretical argument explores the importance of an effective organizational structure.
This practice can produce the best behaviors and strategies in every firm. Managers should also identify the best organizational designs in order to achieve their goals. Organizational change is “a powerful concept that supports the needs of different companies” (Jagersman and van Gorp 19). These arguments support the concepts and lessons covered in class.
A “weak organizational structure will make it impossible for a company to realize its potentials” (Jagersman and van Gorp 21). A powerful “business model will add value to different stakeholders” (Jagersman and van Gorp 16). The authors examine the strategies adopted by several companies in order to achieve their potentials. The presented companies have embraced the importance of the above model.
The article identifies powerful aspects that can make many businesses successful. The class readings have supported the importance of “employee motivation, powerful leadership concepts, decision-making practices, Product Development Process (PDP), and organizational transparency” (Jones 28). These concepts explain why companies such as Dell Computers realized their potentials.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Practical application The above article supports the changing needs of different organizations. Many companies “lack effective organizational structures and business models” (Jagersman and van Gorp 16). A powerful “Spin-Out Business Model can redefine the performance of many firms” (Jagersman and van Gorp 16).
Proper leadership “can also support the targeted horizontal synergy” (Jones 43). Businesses should therefore use powerful organizational philosophies in order to achieve their objectives. The article offers useful ideas that can support different organizational changes. For instance, managers should support the changing demands of their stakeholders.
Organizational leaders should also “hire and retain individuals with the best talents and skills” (Jones 48). They should also use different Product Development Processes (PDPs) in order to achieve their potentials. Managers should “also promote transparency and commitment in their businesses” (Jones 83). Managers should also manage the financial records of their respective companies.
Relevance to organizational change and execution The above article offers powerful concepts that can support the goals of many firms. The article explains how businesses can use the above modules to achieve their goals. The article also highlights “the significance of a powerful organizational structure” (Jones 98).
This structure will encourage a company to widen its objectives and goals. The authors identify the best practices that can support every organizational change. The concepts presented in the article can support the diverse needs of different firms. In conclusion, this article offers useful ideas and evidence-based strategies that can support every organizational change.
Works Cited Jagersman, Pieter and Desiree van Gorp. “Spin-Out Management: Theory and Practice.” Business Horizons 1.1 (2003): 15-23. Print.
Jones, Gareth. Organizational Theory, Design, and Change. Upper-Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Spin-Out Management: Theory and Practice specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Employee Health and Safety at Goliath Gold Mine Problem Solution Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Introduction Mining is an income generating activity that sees many countries scale the heights of power and economic success. Mineral rich countries in the world include West African states, Canada, Australia, and Russia among others. While the list remains endless, some countries continue to discover lead, gold, fluorspar, diamond, and alumina among other minerals (Cam, 2010).
The main company of focus is the Goliath Gold Mine (GGM) listed in South Africa’s JSE 4 years ago (Annual Report: Goliath Gold, 2011). Employees in various mines probably suffer chronic diseases due to exposure to poisonous gases. Others are buried in the weak mines, while several others get salaries that do not match the amount of work they do at the mines.
Mining is a risk taking activity, and the international community seems to be on the spotlight. Some of the questions the submission will attempt to answer include – what are the ethical and legal implications for mining? If there are consequences of mining as an income generating activity, are there any codes that protect the workers?
Lastly, is mining an activity that takes care of the health of the workers? Most oil or gold rich countries in Africa have British or American mining firms working with Africans as casuals. It means that the real owners of the resources do not have the right technological and intellectual assistance to mining; they have to be subordinates in their own countries in order to earn a living.
This notwithstanding the potholes left after the mining activity and the health risks posed to the locals at the same time.
Best practices Adherence to OSHA regulations
The Occupational Safety
Marketing Strategy for a Shopping Mall Proposal scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Introduction New investments often experience hardships while trying to penetrate a strange business market where competition and consumer profiles are still unclear. Since the operational techniques of a new investment are unfamiliar, the products are unique, the customer base is unidentified, and the market challenges are still unknown.
Thus, penetration and endurance of such businesses is often a challenging endeavour (Deffuant
Kuwait Stock Market Essay (Article) cheap essay help
Abstract This paper is about examining the link between the liquidity of a firm’s stock with its ownership structure in the Kuwait Stock Market (KSE) during the crisis periods from 2008 till 2011. Institutional investors can influence a firm’s stock liquidity in a number of ways.
First, the liquidity may go down as a result of an increase in asymmetry of information. Secondly, any competition pitting the corporate investors in the firm tends to increase liquidity, which enhances price discovery. The effect of ownership structure in the Kuwait stock market is effecting on the stock prices using ROA and REO.
The data that was utilized in the analysis section was obtained from the KSE’s official website (www.kse.com), where the data was considered here for annual closed stock price for 2008, 2009 and 2010. The total number for companies was 157 for all selected years.
The companies in Kuwait stock market is distributed into seven sectors. A linear regression model was utilized in the testing of the hypotheses formulated for this study. The results of this paper show the crucial and beneficial link between the ownership types based on ROE variable and the equally significant relationship between the ownership types based on ROA variable.
The regression model shows the associations between the ownership types toward ROE and ROA. The most effective factor was family that explained the dispersions of ROE and ROA.
Introduction Kuwait has several stock markets. However, the Kuwait Stock Market (KSE) is the official and national stock market. The idea of an organized national stock market came into play in 1962 after the enactment of a law that stated that public companies have to be listed in the stock market.
Currently, KSE is considered the largest and most active stock market in Kuwait. The KSE aims to be the best stock market in the world by providing exceptional opportunities in investment and trading through unique information systems, skilful resources, and an organized marketplace. It provides a wide range of stocks and market instruments, which can be traded by domestic and foreign investors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The KSE is divided into sectors like the banking sector, parallel market, the real estate sector, services sector (industrial and general), foreign sector, as well as the insurance sector, among others. Today the KSE has 233 listed firms with a market capitalization of KD 29,064 million in June of 2011.
Ownership structure in KSE The Kuwait Stock Exchange required organizations to be more transparent after the crash of Souk of Al-Manakh, an unofficial stock market, in 1982. Organizations’ disclosures of important issues relating to the organization have to be timely and done in a clear manner to ensure that the necessary people get the intended message. The law of disclosure was enforced in 1999 on all firms listed on the KSE.
The law stated that companies must disclose the names of investors owning 5% or more of the firms’ shares issued. The 1982 stock market crash caused the KSE to be extremely strict regarding disclosures, as 5% is considered a very stringent percentage.
The KSE keeps all the investors informed about any changes in the structure of ownership of the firms that are listed on the stock market. All information is readily available on the website: www.kuwaitse.com and through daily reports issued by the KSE.
However, it should be noted that there are several large investors that deliberately do not disclose their real ownership by forming alliances with other investors, by creating mutual funds, or through agents.
In the study, we will depend on the criteria that states: If none of the firm’s investors own 20% or more, then it is said to be publicly owned. Furthermore, if an individual or entity owns 20% or more, then the firm is not considered publicly owned.
This 20% or more is classified as the majority of ownership. The firm is then categorized as family-owned, government owned, publicly owned, or internationally owned.
We will write a custom Article on Kuwait Stock Market specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Literature reviews Financial studies show that there is a link between a firm’s performance and its ownership structure. Scholars argue that the relationship between the two variables is not only important, but it also determines the impact of the company’s ventures.
There are other scholars who disagree with this view and claim that only the day-to-day managers of a business can affect its performance. Zeitun and Tian (2007) tried to simply the relationship between ownership and performance. They did this through an analysis of 59 firms for a period of 13 years.
The two authors concluded that there is a significant link between ownership and performance. The study they did also showed that there is a positive relationship between ownership concentration and the accounting performance measures (ROE and ROA).
It is interesting to note that they also found out that there is an unfavourable relationship between government ownership and a firm’s accounting performance. The results by Zeitun and Tian were opposed by a study done by Mollah, AlFarooque, and Karim (2007).
The mentioned study found out that the major ownership concentration groups (sponsor, institution, government, and foreign) had a negative impact on a firm’s financial performance, except minority shareholdings (Public). Thus, in simpler terms, dispersed ownership is the type of ownership that improves a firm’s performance and reduces agency costs.
It has been explained the relationship between ownership concentration and performance. One benefit of ownership concentration is that the cost of overseeing the business is reduced considerably, thereby enhancing the firm’s performance.
However, large shareholders have the tendency to pursue their own interests because they have more control over the firm’s affairs. This forms the foundation of the argument that a firm’s stability is determined by its ownership structure.
Zeitun and Tian (2007) argued that private shareholders have no motivation and means to control and influence the behaviour of the company’s management. Therefore, the two authors believe that some ownership concentration is needed to raise an organization’s performance.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Kuwait Stock Market by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Zeitun and Tian (2007) also add that government ownership affects the probability of default negatively. The scholars believe that decreasing government contribution in an organization’s ownership will make some firms to default in a few years.
It is advisable to put public firms in the hands of private citizens in a stepwise manner. The government should safeguard the public from the negative effects of liquidation by availing critical social security services.
The type of economy where a firm operates can have a direct influence on the firm’s performance, while taking the ownership structure in consideration. Kirchmaier and Grant (2005) argued that ownership had a considerable effect on a firm’s performance in three of the five European countries.
They found a negative relationship between corporate ownership and performance in Spain and Germany. Kirchmaier and Grant (2005) believe that managers in these two countries are more concerned with growth of the business, an increase of the number of staff, and boosting the value of assets under their control than they are concerned with developing and finding ways to benefit their shareholders.
Thus, it is easier to return this money to stakeholders than to be concerned with empire building. Additionally, Kirchmaier and Grant (2005) realized that state, or government ownership, has a negative effect on several performance measures. They attributed this to the impact of politicians on firms’ decision making. Kirchmaier and Grant (2005) findings recommend that it would be useful to change large shareholders with institutional investors.scholars
Other scholars who opposed Zeitun and Tia were Fazlzadeh, Hendi and Mahboubi (2011), who analysed 137 listed firms of Tehran stock exchange and found out that ownership concentration does not have any significant effect on firm performance. They supported Kirchmaier and Grant (2005) recommendation, as their findings also proved that corporate owners have positive effects on a firm performance.
They believed that corporate investors are effective owners, as they have the resources and abilities to monitor management’s decisions effectively, thereby influencing the firm’s performance positively. There is the temptation of companies’ management to try to meet the expectations of a large institutional shareholder, which comes at the cost of the other shareholders.
Consequently, the firm ends up performing negatively. This effect of institutional concentration was confirmed by Fazlzadeh, Hendi and Mahboubi (2011). The authors also suggested that firm performance can be enhanced by restricting the block mode of shareholding in the hands of the institutional owners.
Instead, the researchers proposed that institutional entities should own shares separately to reduce their control mechanism and avoid conflicts with other firm stakeholders. A study by Lee and Zhang (2007) in China revealed that the firm’s value is affected negatively if the nationally held shares are many compared to distributive shares.
A similar negative effect is felt on the firm value if the quota rate of the institutional investor is high. On the contrary, increasing the shares in the hands of other shareholders affects the ROA positively, while suppressing the Tobin’s Q.
According to a study conducted by Telebnia, Valipour, and Shafie (2008) about the link between the ownership of the business and its performance, Tobin’s Q is a significantly influenced by the structure and ownership of the firm. This positive effect is only experienced when considering state ownership, while it becomes insignificant when considering the role of the minor shareholders.
The performance of family business was recorded as high in a study conducted by Daraghma and Alsinawi (2010) in Palestine. The findings were concurrent with those of Jensen and Meckling (1976), who established that financial performance is affected positively by family-owned structure of business.
Methodology The study aims at understanding the link between the ownership of a company and its performance. The companies that will be analysed will all be listed in the KSE. A firm’s performance can be evaluated by determining the ROA and ROE. The study considered publicly owned companies, multinationals, family owned firms, and government owned companies, which formed the research variables.
The study hypotheses were formulated as shown below:
There is a crucial link between public ownership and the Kuwaiti listed companies’ firm performance.
There is an important relationship between government ownership and the Kuwaiti listed companies’ firm performance.
There is a significant connection between international ownership and the Kuwaiti listed companies’ firm performance.
There is a significant link between family ownership and the Kuwaiti listed companies’ firm performance.
The firm’s performance was considered to be the dependent variable. Some control variables that had a direct effect on firm performance were also considered. They included the number of years the company has been in service (since its registration), until the year 2010 and the company’s capital market size.
The sample that was used in the research was retrieved from the KSE list of 2010. Some of the companies were, however, left out due to zero or little net income. In addition, some of the companies were left out due to the lack of enough data. Therefore, out of the original 233 companies that are listed in KSE, only 157 were analysed.
Data of the study The data of the study was gathered from the official website of Kuwait stock market (www.kse.com), where the data was considered here for annual closed stock price for 2008, 2009 and 2010. The total number for companies was 157 for all selected years. The companies in Kuwait stock market were distributed into seven sectors as it shown in the following table and figure:
Table: Kuwait Companies distribution by Sector
Kuwait Stock Sector Frequency Percent (%) Banking 27 5.7 Food 18 3.8 Industrial 72 15.3 Insurance 21 4.5 Investment 99 21 Real estate 96 20.4 Services 138 29.3 Total 471 100 Variables of the study The main idea of this study is to measure the ROE and ROA by using some variables that would affect the main dependents variables (ROE and ROA). So, the main independents variables that are used in this study are:
Family. Is a dummy variable that multiply by the net incomes
Government. Is a dummy variable that multiply by the net incomes
Public. Is a Dummy Variable that multiply by the net incomes
International. Is a Dummy Variable that multiply by the net incomes
Net Income. The total sum that is left after omission of profit, expenses, and dividends from a firm’s gross revenue
Total Assets. Total sum of the prices for companies’ logistical things
Stock Holders’ Equity. It is the calculation realized after the omission of treasury shares from the share capital.
It can also be calculated by the omission of total liabilities from the total assets. Stock Holders Equity can show the amount of money that the company has received from donors and the shares that it has given out. Below is the formula for calculating the Stock Holders Equity:
Table: Dummy Variables based on the type of ownership grouped by year
Year Type of Ownership Frequency Percent 2008 Family 82 52.2 Government 13 8.3 International 7 4.5 Public 55 35 Total 157 100 2009 Family 82 52.2 Government 13 8.3 International 7 4.5 Public 55 35 Total 157 100 2010 Family 82 52.2 Government 13 8.3 International 7 4.5 Public 55 35 Total 157 100 As we can see in the above table and figure, the highest number of companies in KSE occupied by the family ownerships, with 52.2% of the total number of companies. The second is occupied by Public Ownerships with 35%, then the government ownership with 8.3%, and the lowest percentage goes for international ownership companies.
Results This part is about applying a statistical approach to show up how is the effect of ownership structure in Kuwait stock market is effecting on the stock prices using ROA and ROE. First section is about showing up the data and the duration of the data.
Second section is about showing the variables that are used for this study to prove the shape of the correlations between the variables and ROE with ROA.
Third section is about describing the variables information using some statistical methods such as mean, median, variances, skewness, kurtosis and some graphs such as par chart and pie chart.
Fourth section is about applying a statically method to show the correlations between the variables.
Fifth section is about describing the models that gives the association between the ROE and ROA against the independent variables that described in second section of this part. Where the last section is about conclusion.
Data of the study The data of the study was gathered from the official website of Kuwait stock market (www.kse.com), where the data was considered here for annual closed stock price for 2008, 2009 and 2010. The total number for companies was 157 for all selected years. The companies in Kuwait stock market is distributed into seven sectors as it shown in the following table and figure.
Discussion The type of business ownership has an effect on ROE and ROA. In Kuwait, Family ownership affects the performance of businesses positively. This relationship was also confirmed in a study by Din and Javid (2012) on the Pakistani Capital Market. Family owned businesses tend to invest in other projects, for instance in the expansion of the business, instead of sharing the revenue among the owners.
Firm performance is positively influenced by the fact that a firm is owned by the government. Quang and Xin (2014) confirm that a firm’s performance improves with an increase in the level of government structure, as established in Vietnamese firms.
Public ownership has a positive effect on firm performance, where the effect on ROA and ROE is positive. Shareholders tend to hold the directors of such firms responsible and make them work towards the improvement of the interests of the shareholders (Rahman
Todorov and Structuralism Critical Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Background
Background Todorov is a Bulgarian writer and philosopher. He grew up in Bulgaria. He moved to France and made a name for himself in his adopted country. Todorov made significant contributions in the field of literary theory, culture, and history.
His works appeared in books such as The Poetics of Prose, The Conquest of America, and Hope and Memory. He wrote the original version of The Two Principles of Narrative in 1978. Porter translated the article to English in 1990. The translated work appeared in a book entitled Genres in Discourse, and was published under the Cambridge University Press.
The title, Genres in Discourse is a misnomer, because its main theme is not about genres. It is a collection of essays that talks about different categories of literature. The article was written in response to questions regarding the nature of narratives.
Main Arguments Todorov argues that a fascinating story adheres to the two principles of narrative: succession and transformation (Mills and Barlow, 2009). Todorov reached this conclusion by scrutinizing the works of other philosophers and literary experts.
He borrowed some of their ideas, and he offered his own interpretation of how to construct a narrative, sot that it resonates in the hearts and souls of readers all over the world. Todorov’s understands the importance of “repetition and difference” within a narrative.
Repetition makes it easier for readers and the viewing public to immediately understand the premise of the story. Readers and moviegoers are not expected to understand everything that they read, or appreciate the intended message of the movie that they are watching. Nevertheless, they are expected to understand the premise of the story, so that they have the incentive to keep on reading.
For example, in an adventure story, the reader immediately senses that there is going to be a hero and a villain. Similar patterns recur in the creation of popular fairy tales. In adventure stories, the hero has to embark on a journey to prove his loyalty or his love for another person.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Todorov accepted the need for repetition. However, he also acknowledged the other side of the coin so-to-speak. He said that “repetition and difference” must go hand-in-hand in order to create unique stories. In this article, Todorov argued that the manifestation of the “repetition and difference” aspect of the narrative requires the application of a specific formula.
Todorov asserts that the mere presence of characters, the statements made about their needs and desires, these are not enough to constitute a narrative. Todorov pointed out that certain elements must be present in order to create a narrative.
With regards to the “repetition” aspect of the narrative, it requires the unfolding of an action, change, and difference (Mills
Language and Misinterpretations Essay (Critical Writing) writing essay help
Language comprehension is an important tool of communication. Through language, human beings are able to exchange information amongst themselves, form relationships, comprehend, and express their feelings. Consequently, language is a vital component of human understanding.
The issue of misinterpretation in language use is very important because it has the potential to affect communication in a big way. Misinterpretations can result in severed relationships and in other cases they can offend people. The complexities of the differences between languages are responsible for contradicting statements and unintended interpretations.
Most cases of lingual misinterpretations depend on cultural differences and ambiguity. Languages are often interpreted differently by several individuals. Consequently, the issue of ‘meaning to whom’ takes centre stage in language use. In some instances, the usage of some words may differ depending on lingual factions. This paper explores language use with respect to misinterpretation and meanings.
The issue of misinterpretation in language use is tricky because it is likely to have several valid interpretations of one utterance. Therefore, several listeners might have different interpretations in a single case of language use. The concept of having a ‘correct’ or ‘incorrect’ interpretation is complicated by the fact that one utterance can have several valid interpretations.
Interpretations depend on their interpreter. For instance, misinterpretations depend on the status of the listener. In America, interpretations are mostly dependent on racial factions such as African American, Asian American, or Native American.
Misinterpretations are a product of a speaker’s intention. Nevertheless, in some cases a speaker might have more than one intention. An utterance can bear characteristics of motive, desire, and reason. All these factors are tied to cultural backgrounds and resulting interpretations.
The fact that a speaker’s motive might be in conflict with his/her desires makes things complicated for listeners. Racial tensions in America are a common source of misinterpretations. After considering all these facts, it is clear that misinterpretations are part of communication. Consequently, the ‘correct’ interpretation of any language use can vary.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A listener’s chances of misinterpretation are dependent on a number of pre-conditions. A listener is only able to interpret an utterance based on his/her “background knowledge, intelligence and imaginative power, degree of attention and interest, social relations to the speaker and actual social interaction with the latter, willingness to think over what has been said and what follows from that” (Odlin, 2008).
During language use, it is likely for a listener to draw multiple conclusions from a single utterance. Therefore, the issue of misinterpretation easily applies to listeners during language use. It is also important to note that a listener might have a wide range of valid interpretations when it comes to language use.
When discussing the issue of misinterpretations, it is important to note that the context of a particular utterance matters. The issue of ‘meaning to whom’ is rarely analyzed by linguists. The multiplicity of contexts in communication makes it difficult to analyze the issue of what a particular utterance means to diverse groups of people.
Nevertheless, the task of deeply analyzing utterances is often relegated to observers and other linguistic experts. Linguistic analysts often investigate the concept of ‘meaning to whom’ using several considerations. The chances of an interpreter avoiding instances of ‘misinterpretations’, depend on his/her familiarity with speakers and listeners. For instance, America uses English as the standard language of communication.
However, English speakers are likely to understand utterances in relation to their individual backgrounds. A linguistic analyst can have difficulties analyzing what an utterance means to a Mexican-American without a slight understanding of the Spanish language. Consequently, to reduce instances of misinterpretations the American system uses hyphenation. Hyphenation offers linguistic experts a chance to make interpretations using the unique traits of listeners and speakers.
Each cultural group creates meanings in its unique way. Therefore, even though all Americans speak one language their interpretations might differ. The issue of interpretation encourages both speakers and listeners to use cultural anthropologies when making deductions. Nevertheless, hyphenations are more effective when analyzing utterances compared to an analysis of written texts (Leiser, 2009).
In written texts, accents do not matter. However, in utterances accents form a big part of interpretation. An example of how the concept of ‘meaning to whom’ is manifested is in the use of the word ‘squaw’. The word squaw means different things to different Native American communities.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Language and Misinterpretations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, the word has different interpretations within Canada and the United States. For the Algonquian speaking people, the word squaw refers to either a woman or girl. Over the years, the term squaw has come to be interpreted in different ways by different people.
Even though the origins of the word indicate that the word initially meant ‘woman’, other Native American communities have claimed that the word refers to ‘vagina’. Linguists agree that the change of meaning of the word ‘squaw’ is a misinterpretation. Nevertheless, the resulting misinterpretation has turned the word squaw into a derogatory term.
In addition, some Native American communities have renamed places that have the word squaw in them. Although the word squaw initially meant one thing to the early Native Americans, it has come to mean something else to the current generation.
References Leiser, R. G. (2009). Exploiting convergence to improve natural language understanding. Interacting with Computers, 1(3), 284-298.
Odlin, T. (2008). Language transfer: Cross-linguistic influence in language learning. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Global Labor Relations Essay (Article) online essay help
Introduction Labor relations are management practices that focus on the unity of employers and their workforce. These practices incorporate areas such as labor laws, contracts, organization of unions, and laws of the civil service that govern both public and private sectors.
Globalization of labor relations has significantly enhanced the transactions amongst employers and employees worldwide. Many employers retain their workers based on good relations and levels of motivation. Global labor relations encompass collective bargaining with international trade unions in aspects such as law consultation, payments, workplace rights, and employee empowerment.
This essay summarizes the article ‘Reframing public service employment relations: The impact of economic crisis and the new EU economic governance’ with a view of examining the trends of collective bargaining, contemporary management of labor relations, and changes in laws that have enhanced collective labor relations at the global level.
Collective Bargaining as a Motive to Strengthen Unions
Many businesses experience decreased production due to negligence of labor laws that operate within their own countries. The relationship that exists between local and international labor laws has a significant influence on business. International harmonization of labor laws enables companies to manage demands on equity and fairness in the workplace (Albin, 2010).
Programs such as the Global Labor Certification Program enhance the coexistence of unions by studying the roles, challenges, and tactics of each union that are used by multi-lateral companies to manage employees. These programs also ensure that all the global labor unions have a common ground for fairness and management of employers and the workforce (Budd, 2012).
Most programs cover areas such as fairness of competition amongst international businesses and management of their relations with new economies such as China and Brazil. In the context of collective bargaining, these programs ensure that businesses abide by labor laws of industrialized nations such as Japan and the United Stated of America.
In addition, they promote management of the challenges and matters of concern that are raised by the unions (Donaghey, Reinecke, Niforou,
Calculating Humidex Report scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Introduction Humidex has a long history. It originated from Canada in 1965. Canadian meteorologists use it to analyze risks associated with exposure to heat and excessive moisture . They achieve this by bringing together temperature and humidity indices. Compared to temperature readings, humidex is regarded as a better measure of how stifling or stuffy the air feels .
It is reported as a value. It is not a temperature reading. The reason is that it is just an expression of individual experiences. It is an equivalent scale used by the general public to express the effects of warm temperatures and humidity . It is similar to the wind chill index. The tool determines levels of cold. However, humidex describes how hot people feel.
Environmental organizations favor the humidex ratings. They use them to predict instances of unbearable heat and humidity. According to the Meteorological Service of Canada, a humidex range of 20-29 is regarded as comfortable. Discomfort sets in from 30 to 45 .
Any value above 45 is regarded as extremely dangerous. Anyone exposed to such conditions may suffer heat stroke. However, it is noted that the relationship between the two concepts is not objective. The reason is that it varies widely between individuals .
Calculating humidex There are two common methods used in calculating this value. The first is humidex computation formula. The second is humidex chart.
Humidex computation formula
The formula was introduced by researchers at Canada’s Atmospheric Environment Service in 1979 . It is used as a standard in Canada. However, varying versions of the formula are used in different parts of the world. The humidex formula is given below:
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The dew point temperature is given in Kelvins. Another value used is 5417.7530. It is a constant. It expresses the weight of water molecules. Other constants include latent heat of vaporization and universal gas . The highest humidex value in Canada was recorded in 1961. It stood at 53.4 .
Calculating humidex using a chart
The use of a chart is not common. However, it is the most effective method for people with little or no knowledge on the use of the computation formula . The level of humidex is determined by checking the value of current temperature against relative humidity [see appendix 1]. For instance, if the temperature is 30oc and relative humidity 70%, then Humidex rating will be 42 .
A critique of the humidex index Many environmentalists have criticized the use of the index in such countries as Canada. The critics acknowledge the importance of other indices that illustrate the cold and windy conditions in the country . They argue that even countries with higher humidity and heat levels than Canada do not use the humidex index .
According to them, the index was only developed to create excitement. They compare it to the discovery of the wind-chill index .
Some scientists also argue that creating a formula that quantifies feelings is unscientific . According to them, feelings vary from one person to the other. Other people feel that an index that is a function of two measurements does not provide any additional information on top of the one given by the variables used .
Mathematicians criticize the index by claiming that its formula is illegal and fraudulent . The reason is that the formula uses unscientific methods, such as subtracting scalar quantities from quantizes in millibars.
Conclusion Humidex is used in many countries for different reasons. For instance, it may be used to determine the conditions in which people are working. It is also used to alert people of the dangers associated with high temperatures and humidity levels.
We will write a custom Report on Calculating Humidex specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Many people may disagree with the logic behind the computation and use of the humidex index. However, in spite of this, the index is the most effective way of expressing people’s feelings towards exposure to humidity and high temperatures.
Bibliography  R. Rana, B. Kusy, R. Jurdak, J. Wall, and W. Hu, “Feasibility analysis of using humidex as an indoor thermal comfort predictor,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 64, pp. 17-25, 2013.
 D. Charron, Humidex and its use in the workplace. Hamilton, Ont.: Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 1989.
 J. Masterton and F. Richardson, Humidex: A method of quantifying human discomfort due to excessive heat and humidity. Downsview, Ont.: Environment Canada, Atmospheric Environment, 1979.
 W. Santee and R. Wallace, Evaluation of weather service heat indices using the USARIEM Heat Strain Decision Aid (HSDA) model. Ft. Belvoir: Defense Technical Information Center, 2003.
 V. Mersereau, A scan of municipal heat/health watch warning systems and hot weather response plans. Ontario, Canada: Clean Air Partnership, 2007.
 K. Blazejczyk, Y. Epstein, G. Jendritzky, H. Staiger, and B. Tinz, “Comparison of UTCI to selected thermal indices,” International Journal of Biometeorology, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 515-535, 2012.
 J. Orosa, A. Costa, A. Rondriguez-Fernandez, and G. Roshan, “Effect of climate change on outdoor thermal comfort in humid climates,” Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, vol. 12, p. 46, 2014.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Calculating Humidex by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Appendix Humidex chart
Business Environment Awareness Coursework scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Organisational behaviour
Awareness of the environment
Motivation theory and leader effectiveness
Usefulness of separating leadership and management
Organisational behaviour Forces that surround any given business environment affect the way it conducts its affairs and the kind of access that it has to scarce resources. An organisation’s environment consists of factors that are broadly categorised into external and internal factors.
Environmental issues have become immensely significant, especially in today’s modernisation age. These issues have proved problematic for organisations in all countries. They include the relationship that subsists between the environment and technology, economic growth effects, society, water and air pollution, global warming, competition from other industry players, legal requirements, staffing within the organisation, finance, and politics among others.
It is important for an organisation to acquire a good comprehension of its environment for it to institute effective management. This paper seeks to explore some of the reasons why organisations need to be aware of their environment.
Awareness of the environment Firstly, an organisation’s good understanding of its environment helps it to take advantage of opportunities that come due to certain changes in one or more of the factors in its immediate environment (Aktaş, Çiçek,
Global Integrated Marketing Communication Coursework college essay help online: college essay help online
Should International Marketers Standardise or adapt their Communication in Overseas Markets? Introduction
The global marketing arena continues to be characterised by different competing contents and voices from marketers. Factors such as customer awareness, increased product varieties, and technological advancement have diversified marketing communication.
This competitive and dynamic international business environment has made businesses realise that customer needs cannot be met using a single communication approach. In this light, the need for Global Integrated Marketing Communication (GIMC) comes in handy.
Global integrated marketing communication referrers to the application of varied methods of well-organised brand promotion to achieve optimal marketing objectives across international borders. However, as companies of the 21st century compete to achieve optimum global integrated marketing communication value, the question of whether international marketers should standardise or adapt their communication in overseas markets arises.
Therefore, it is the interest of this paper to explore the topic of GIMC in the light of the above question.
Development of Global International Marketing Communication
According to Lee and Park (2007), one of the factors that led to the development of GIMC was reduced credibility and impact of marketing messages in the global markets. With the increase in marketing messages in the international media and other communication channels, the intended impression and effect on the customer began to decline.
Customers of the 20th century were bombarded with multiplicity of marketing messages to a point where paying attention to all of them became impossible. Lee and Park (2007) confirm that the use of one-sided message in marketing could not achieve the intended impact on the target markets. There was a need for both local and international companies to adopt a more integrative approach to marketing communication.
For example, companies needed to use a multiplicity of marketing approaches such as public relations, sales promotion, and advertising to maximise their appeal to all target markets. This move ensured increased frequency of demand amidst a sea of other competing messages.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Shafiulla and Babu (2014), another factor that has necessitated the adoption of global integrated marketing communication is the reduced cost of accessing market databases. With the advent of global information communication technology, it has become cheap to access, store, and retrieve important markets databases.
For example, one can access the name of a specific target market, for example all teachers in a particular country. This accessibility makes it possible to use customised marketing messages through mediums that appeal best to a particular market. The approach and access are also made easy. For example, one can use public relations techniques to appeal to a particular sector of the market and/or follow it up through social media messages.
Increase in client market knowledge has also enhanced global integrated marketing communication. The world literacy levels have continued to raise customer knowledge about marketing approaches such as advertising, public relations, and sales promotion.
Customers in the modern global society understand policies, strategies, and guidelines of advertising, public relations, and other marketing methods (Gould, Lerman, and Grein 1999). Such customers have also realised that companies can use their methods of marketing, rather than advertising to reach them.
With this knowledge, markets in the global arena have no choice but to carry out market research concerning their target markets’ status using different communication approaches. Global customers can now distinguish between make-belief, true, or informative marketing messages. Chen (2011) asserts that customers also watch or listen to marketing communication that interests them, depending on their tastes and preferences.
Another factor that has necessitated global integrated marketing communication is the witnessed increase in mergers and acquisitions in the global markets. According to Kliatchko and Schultz (2014), international marketing-oriented agencies that deal with public relations, advertising, and sales promotion have merged or partnered to offer inclusive marketing services.
This move has enhanced competition in the global marketing arena since companies that specialise in particular aspects of marketing are co-opted as a way of making the results of marketing processes more effective. For example, a public relations firm can bring the services of a specialised events manager, a public speaker, or an advertiser in its marketing programme.
We will write a custom Coursework on Global Integrated Marketing Communication specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Shafiulla and Babu (2014) further assert that companies that want to appeal to an international market need to link with established marketing companies in the land and/or seek partnership while venturing into the market. Therefore, partnerships among marketing companies have drawn more interest in the global integrated marketing.
Competition in the global market has also necessitated international integrated marketing communication. With the advent of communication technology, the world has become a global village. Therefore, business companies are focusing their messages on a global market, rather than their nations. Advertising companies have also gone past international borders.
The influence of a company in one continent is felt across the globe (Chen 2011). This situation calls for marketers in the world to consider integration of varied communication strategies in their countries of residence and in the global market. Cohen (2011) further asserts that people of different nations have a particular set of cultures that derive their interest in some marketing approaches.
The development levels of one country may be completely different from that of another. The method of marketing, technology, and media that a company uses to persuade such markets may be completely different.
Lee and Park (2007) confirm that fragmentation of international audience and media has also necessitated global international marketing communication. The need to expand a company’s products and services beyond the national borders is a great driving force among many companies.
Therefore, global markets are fragmented along national, racial, religious, educational, and economic lines. Integrated marketing methods maximise the appeal of marketing communication in a multicultural environment. According to Wilken and Sinclair (2011), cultural differences may result in disparities in media preference at the global market.
For example, a nomadic community may prefer promotional messages being relayed through folk media, while a farming community in New Zealand may prefer the use of television advertisements. The global media has also become fragmented in terms of international radios, televisions, social media, and transit media. The choice of media is as important as the message in it.
Finally, an increase in the number of products that are released into the market by manufacturers has also necessitated global integrated marketing communication. Wilken and Sinclair (2011) affirm that duplication of production technology, products, and services in the global market means that for a company’s products and services to stand out as the preference for global markets, better strategies of communication must be adopted.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Global Integrated Marketing Communication by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, international integrated marketing communication has become important in attracting, retaining global customers, and increasing the sale of products and services.
Stages of Global Integrated Marketing Communication
Global integrated marketing communication takes various stages that are not organised in a hierarchical order. Every stage in this process is aimed at combining different marketing approaches with a view of optimising client experience. These stages may be implemented simultaneously or one after the other, depending on the market needs.
The initial stage of this process involves strategic planning of marketing communication. To optimise the impact of integrated global communication, Latunji (2011) reveals how the communicator plans on tactics that have to be adopted in coordinating various marketing approaches such as promotion, public relations, advertising, sales promotion, and events management.
These messages are structured in a way that they all appeal to the customer. Coordination of approaches is important in ensuring that the messages that customers are exposed to through one tactic such as sales promotion are congruent with what they access through billboards about the same product or service. Arrangement of how every tactic will assist the other or offset the gaps left behind by the other is also made.
However, such arrangements in a global market arena require the adoption of clear lines of communication with varied markets. Kliatchko and Schultz (2014) advise that it is important to understand the methods of communication that the people of a particular nation appreciate relative to the other. This appreciation will benefit the communicator in organising the approach to adopt when relaying the market communication.
The other stage in global integrated marketing communication involves the approval of the scope of the involved global marketing communication. At this point, GIMC evaluates the communication needs of the market from the perspective of the customer.
The marketer seeks to understand the product or services from the point of view of the customer, for example, the previous customer experience with a product or service from the company. The third level in global integrated marketing communication is embracing information communication technology. Information technology has changed the way international marketing was conducted in the 19th and 20th centuries (Latunji 2011).
Today, a person can send marketing messages to a variety of marketing tools while sited in an office in a different country. This situation means that customers are experiencing a variety of marketing platforms in the global market.
Reliance on different approaches of marketing communication has therefore become the norm to success. A customer may be receiving thousands of advertisements of a certain product through the television with no communication through direct marketing. Einwiller and Boenigk (2012) confirm that the desire to be inclusive, persuasive, and directed towards customers’ requirements is imperative in IGMC.
Therefore, the level of technological development of a country should be well evaluated before a marketing communication programme is rolled out. It is important to understand the communication infrastructure, for example the internet and mobile telephony reach and mass communication channels, to know how they are regulated.
According to Wilken and Sinclair (2011), the marketing team of a global company that intends to reach this market should plan its multiplicity of communication approaches to fit the new market. Application of information communication technology is seen as an integral point in ensuring efficiency of communication.
Finally, integration of a strategic financial plan is incorporated in the process. The company that is venturing into the global market then evaluates its budget and its feasibility in the foreign market. Wilken and Sinclair (2011) assert that the necessary skills that are required for different marketing communication approaches such as public relations, sales promotion, advertising, and social media marketing should be weighed against the available financial resources.
In some countries, the cost of advertising, public relations services, and media may be higher than that of other countries. Einwiller and Boenigk (2012) assert that it is important to stick within the available marketing budget than to embark on a huge marketing process that will collapse in the middle of the process. However, with a good budget and content for integration in different marketing communication, efficiency is easily achieved.
Reasons for Adapting Communication in Overseas Markets
According to Ozsomer (2008), in the current age of information communication technology, changes in the approaches and techniques of reaching, appealing, and persuading markets are witnessed every second. Marketing approaches change with variations in communication technology, specifically multimedia communication.
It is at this premise that global integrated marketing officers should appreciate and integrate their marketing communication with that of the target country. In integrated marketing communication approach, no single marketing approach can solely appeal and/or satisfy customers to drive sales.
Accessibility and expediency constitute another reason for foreign marketers to adapt their communication in overseas markets. In every other country, there exist communication infrastructures that the resident population depends on. Such a market is familiar with the media for communication and the approaches that communicators use.
Therefore, it is important for a new marketer in such an environment to begin by studying the communication lines in such a country to know how they function. According to Latunji (2011), since the major goal of GIMC is to reach the target markets with the intended message and persuade them, the marketer should integrate the most effective tool of communication into this marketing plan.
For example, if the people of a certain country have a wide or free access to the internet, they are able to access and respond to online marketing in a better way. If a particular target market lives in a marginalised area, its chances of accessing a public relations exhibition that is staged at the national theatre are very low. Hence, communication experts should not impose their methods, tactics, and approaches on a foreign market without prior research.
Integrating the existing marketing communication lines will also save on the cost of marketing (Ozsomer 2008). For example, instead of establishing new infrastructure to ensure marketing through mobile telephony that costs a company billions of money, it will be cost effective to adopt the already established infrastructure to reach customers.
The existing communication systems may also have a better database indicating the composition of the population. This plan may be of profound help to a new marketer. Moreover, adapting the existing lines of marketing and/or seeking their assistance may enhance the visibility of the new company in the foreign land.
Kliatchko and Schultz (2014) affirm that customer confidence in the existing marketing communication lines and approaches is likely to be better than the newly established ones that customers are encountering at the discovery stage. According to Reid, Luxton, and Mavond (2005), some of the media platforms in different countries enjoy the confidence and trust of a considerable percentage of the citizenly.
Marketing messages that are relayed through such media are likely to enjoy more acceptance than those that are delivered through an unfamiliar channel. In addition, Reid, Luxton, and Mavond (2005) point out that people in some markets may not understand some public relations marketing strategies such as exhibitions and media relations.
This situation may delay the intended impact of the whole process of marketing. Adapting to the already existing methods such as the use of comedies in marketing, use of road shows, and giveaways may serve the marketing objectives in a better way.
According to Jankovic (2012), it is also important to adapt and integrate the existing marketing strategies into a foreign market because cultural diversity may impede marketing efforts in new nations. People have their systems of beliefs that guide their conduct and relationships with others.
Such differences influence how different marketing approaches fit into the new system. The manner in which messages are crafted should depend on the type of culture that they are meant to address (Jankovic 2012).
For example, in a high system culture that is witnessed in most African countries, high reliance on nonverbal communication and use of indirect language are evident while low-system cultures that are common in America demonstrate heavy dependence on words. These variations may affect the marketing messages, approaches, and efficiency of a new marketer.
Conclusion Conclusively, GIMC is aimed at achieving optimum customer exposure to a company’s brand and its persuasion to make sales. This marketing model takes a multidimensional approach under the premise that one method will offset the weakness of the other.
GIMC is specifically effective in a new market. In this discussion, it is clear that international marketers need to adapt their communication tactics in overseas markets since the existing communication lines already enjoy people’s confidence, have more databases, are cost effective, and/or independent on culture.
References Chen, C 2011, ‘Integrated marketing communication and new product performance in international markets’, Journal of global marketing, vol. 24 no. 5, pp. 397-416.
Willa Cather and Feminism Analytical Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Was Willa Cather a feminist? How does she Portray Women in Her Novel ‘My Antonia’?
Willa Cather is the feminist author A feminist can be regarded as a person who supports the equality of women. Willa Cather can be classified under the feminist authors through her literature work works. Various analysts of her work bring out the different aspects of feminism that are clear in her works.
For example, critics such as Granville Hicks say, “Cather failed to conform to the contemporary life as it is” (O’Brien 464). This inconformity was mainly attributed to the fact that Cather would always dress in a masculine way. In fact, another analyst named Lewis says that during her life in college, “Cather looked like a young man” (Lewis 38).
This dressing is seen as a purposeful step in challenging the social construct of the masculine gender. In addition, a photograph of Willa Cather in the archives of the University of Nebraska portrays her wearing a shingled hair during a period that women wore their hair fashionably long. The shingled hair is also seen as a masculinity symbol since it was gendered to be for men.
It shows Cather’s fight for equality between men and women during her time. Another factor that brings out the aspect of feminism in Cather is the fact she always surrounds herself with female friends in all her life.
For example, in college, she had female friends such as Louise Pound and Isabelle McClung. It is also interesting that she moved in with these women in Toronto after college. This aspect showed her approval of the relevance of females since she did not live with a man at any one time of her life.
It is also seen as a proof that a woman can live without necessarily depending on her male counterpart. This observation confirms why her sexual identity is still a big question to date. Cather’s life was that of a total nonconformist with the societal standards of gender.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, from her masculine tone in various narratives to using male narrators in her writings, Cather indicates has assumption of masculinity as a woman. The fact that she dressed like a man and wore a hair like that of men is also an indication of her struggle against the social construct of masculinity. She used her personal life to illustrate that gender roles were literary assigned by the society and that they could be contravened.
Feminism is also deeply engraved in the masculine tone of Willa Cather’s work. For example, Woodress says, “Cather so completely… embraced masculine values that when she wrote about women writers, she sounded like a patronizing man” (Woodress par.10).
This observation is an indication of the deeper search for a balance of the two genders that the society constructs. Cather was stern on women who viewed men as the norm or standard in the society. Another evidence of Cather’s feminism approach in life is seen in her continued use of the male perspective in her writings. For example, Sara Jewett who was a mentor and friend to Cather advised her at one time to use some females in her narrations.
However, Catha declined the advice. Cather replied that she preferred using male narrators (Woodress par. 11). This situation further indicates that Cather had a deeply seated approval of equality between men and women and that she would have approved the case of females behaving like males in different roles.
In fact, Cather would depict male playing feminist roles in her narrations. As a feminist, Cather used the work of art to illustrate that women could also play the role that men played since it was not ideal but a social construct. As a result, her personal life is packaged in a way that questions the social norms of masculinity and femininity.
Further, in the novel ‘My Antonia’, which will be tackled deeper in the next section, Cather draws a thin line between the main character Antonia Shimerda and her personal real life. In fact, analysts of her work have concluded that it is difficult to know where her fiction characters and their life end and/or where depictions of her personal life begin or ends.
For example in a biography, Cather was a feminist who “turned her own life and experiences into literature to a degree that is uncommon among writers” (Woodress par.6). This confirmation indicates that feminism was inherent in Cather. She even had difficulties in separating her own feminist views and those of the characters that she creates in the novel.
We will write a custom Essay on Willa Cather and Feminism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reality of feminism in her life creeps into her writing that overpowers her created characters. Therefore, she ends up presenting her real life experience as a woman who grew up in a male dominated environment, namely Nebraska. Interestingly, Cather’s interest in feminism is clearly depicted in her words during an interview with Latrobe Caroll (Giglio par. 2).
She says, “I grew up fond of some of these immigrants- particularly the old women who used to tell me their home country…I had an enthusiasm for a kind of country and a kind of people, rather than ambition” (Bohlke par.4). This statement shows that Cather had a clear perception of people and society that she desired. This perception is the feminist society that she draws in her works of art.
Hence, it suffices to declare Cather a feminist playwright. However, it is now crucial to investigate whether there is any link between her feminism and the way she portrays women in her novels such as ‘My Antonia’.
Cather’s Portrayal of Women in ‘My Antonia’ Women as Conquerors and Assertive Beings
In her novel- My Antonia, Willa Cather portrays women in a strong feministic light. Cather takes time to paint an accurate image of success to all her female characters. All women are depicted as ultimately successful at the end of the story. In the novel, Cather builds very physically powerful womanly characters who are feminists in nature.
All the female characters are able to overcome the difficulties they face as they settle down in a new land. This power to overcome is meant to compromise the male dominated world of success (Woodress par. 4). Through the way Cather brings out the characters, the reader is able to identify the feminist ideals of the author.
Cather’s inspiration to present the significant roles that were played by women during settlement of westerners in America is visible in this novel based on her approval of women equality with men in terms of role-play. For example, the abilities that men have in overcoming difficulties of settling their families in new areas are equal to those of women in the novel.
In fact, she presents female characters that played equal or more important roles than those of men. For example, in the novel, Antonia Shimerda actively compromises gender norms to show that such norms can be changed. Antonia assertively takes over the duties of her late father immediately he dies. For example, Antonia begins undertaking roles that were traditionally assigned for men.
The plan is to compromise those outdated norms. In fact, she says, “I don’t care that your grandmother says it makes me like a man” (Cather 801). This assertion shows her tough belief in gender parity. Cather’s feminism approach in writing is also brought out by the way she questions the andocentric system where the male gender is believed to be the standard.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Willa Cather and Feminism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Through Antonia Shimerda who is one of her strongly depicted feminist characters in the novel, Cather questions the male norm construct in the society. For example, Antonia says, “I like to be like a man” (Cather 801). This remark, especially by a main character, indicates the author’s approach of the masculine societal construct that a woman can play the role of a man with comfort.
It also shows the thirst for equality in women. Women desire to be like men and/or to be equal to them. Therefore, Cather questions the notion that men are the standard in the society. Cather continues to present Antonia as able and active woman who achieves all she desires in life. Despite the death of her father, this woman assumes all the manly duties and succeeds amidst dissenting voices that claim that she acted like a man.
At the end of it all, she is able to bring up her family in a better way than men do. For example, Jim, a character in the novel remarks, “it was no wonder that her sons stood tall and straight” (Cather 926). In this statement, Cather wants to disapprove the traditional societal construct that boys learn to be assertive from their fathers or other males.
She portrays Antonia as a woman who brings up well-cultured and upright men as evidenced by Jim’s words. In fact, Cather wants to show that despite a woman having a husband and children to cater for, she can still be successful as men are.
Feminists also advocate for abolition of the inequality construct that exists between males and females. Cather uses female characters that are determined, opinionated, and self-directing to bring about the aspect of females being equal to males. She presents some gendered roles that are typically believed to characterize males through women characters.
To deliver this point, she makes all female characters successful. From the novel, Lena Lingard moves to the city as a stranger and succeeds in business as seen in, “she had come to Lincoln, a country girl, with no introductions except to some cousins…and she was already making clothes for the women of the young married set” (Cather 885).
Cather depicts women as hard workers and breadwinners in their families, a construct that the society rejects. For example, she writes about Lena as a role model whom other people have emulated based on her devotion to work (Cather 885). Cather also presents Tiny Soderball as a woman who has strong business acumen.
Tiny is drawn as an adventurous woman who travels to different parts of the world searching trade goods of high value such as gold. In fact, she says, “She was satisfied with her success, but not elated” (Cather 897). Cather uses this statement to portray women as self-determined and successful, just like their male counterparts.
Women as Strong-willed Beings
In the novel, women are depicted as uncompromising creatures. A strong-willed person is one who shows the character of determination, fortitude, and resilience. Cather draws a picture of women who are determined to achieve, despite the challenges they come across in a male-dominated society.
For example, the novel presents a woman Antonia Shimerda who is eager to learn a new language at a young age. In fact, her determination is clearly brought out when her father eventually dies. She fills the gap by playing his roles as seen in her words, “I like to be like a man” (Cather 801).
She cannot heed to criticizing voices and outcry by some individuals who say that she is playing a man’s role. For example, she tells Jim Burden, “I not care that your grandmother says it makes me like a man” (Cather 80). Her strong will presents women as a tough gender that is able to defy discouragements and achieve amidst obstacles.
After the death of her father, people expected that Antonia would either take to the streets or move to her relatives to beg for food. However, she is determined to work towards her success. In fact, she stops spending her time playing with other young people such as Jim so that she can begin to work. Consequently, Antonia is portrayed as a very successful woman at the end of the story (O’brien 462).
This depiction shows how determined women end up succeeding in life. With reference to her success, the author says, “She was like a rich mine of life, like the founders of early races” (Cather 926). Another woman who is painted as strong willed is Frances Harling.
This woman represents the young and upcoming woman. Cather draws this character working in a white-collar job as a chief clerk. Frances is also depicted as the person who manages her father’s office when he is absent. This responsibility shows how a determined woman can be trusted to perform duties that men perform.
Ability to work and/or supervise oneself as a woman is also quietly depicted through the girl who is able to work in the absence of her father. Her strong will is also depicted by the way Cather portrays her success in business. In fact, Frances proceeds to be the manager of her father’s offices when he eventually retires.
Perseverance in learning the art of business and succeeding is another aspect of a woman that is clearly brought out through her. It is through strong will that women in the novel are seen as successful.
Women as Independent Elements
An independent person is one who is self-sufficient. He or she has the ability to make decisions without the influence of others. Cather portrays women as independent beings who have the capacity to produce excellent results based on their independent decisions. One of such women is Lena Lingard.
This woman is able to assert her independent desire in life, despite criticisms from her people. For example, the people of Black Hawk believe that a woman should not leave home to work in town. However, Lena defies all these unfounded notions and moves to the city where she becomes a successful businessperson.
“She had come to Lincoln, a country girl with no introductions…and she was already making clothes for the women” (Cather 885). Lina’s drive for self-reliance is also evident in the way she moves to the city without depending on anyone to show her the way or to introduce her to the city dwellers (Cather 885). Her determination to provide for herself is portrayed through her hard work too as seen in, “She evidently had a great natural aptitude for work” (Cather 885).
Lena even refuses to marry in a bid to maintain her independence. In fact, when she involves herself with Jim, the relationship does not erode her independence. Woodress’s biography presents her as influentially reminiscent and not noticeable through zeal (par. 3).
At this point, Lena is both financially and emotionally independent. Hence, she cannot be manipulated. This point portrays women as independent and hardworking people.
Women as Powerful and Opinionated Characters
Another woman who is painted as powerful is Tiny Soderball. Cather portrays her as a successful businessperson. The autonomy of Tiny is brought out through her numerous travels that she makes in search of gold. She moves from Seattle, to Alaska, and then to San Francisco.
Only independent women can make numerous long distance travels without being questioned or denied permission (Palleau-Papin 542). Cather portrays women as having the ability to move from one city to another in a free way without help from their male counterparts as depicted in the words of Cather, “She was satisfied with her success” (Cather 897).
These words show how women’s power resulted in self-satisfaction, as opposed to dependency that is witnessed in defenseless women who have to rely on their male counterparts. Cather also uses Frances Harling to portray women as powerful. She depicts her as a working person who is able to stand in for her father in his office work.
In fact, she is drawn as the chief clerk who is in charge of others. The writer goes ahead to show her as the manager of her father’s offices in Black Hawk town after he eventually retires (Cather 894). This depicts women as bosses who are reliable and dependable by others.
Another character that is used to portray women as powerful is Genevieve Whitney. Cather paints her as a sophisticated, intelligent, and an educated woman. Such a woman is less dependent on the help of other people since she can independently work for her wealth.
The author refers to her as having, “her own fortune and her own life” (Cather 712). It is important to note the use of the possessive term with reference to Whitney livelihood. The implication is that she is independent of factors that control a person’s life. Women are therefore painted as well armed to face and conquer the challenges of life without being dependants.
An opinionated person is one who is able to bring forth his or her ideas without fear. Cather depicts most of the women in her novel as opinionated. She portrays women as having the ability to decide on their own and/or take action without influence of others.
One character that is depicted as opinionated is Antonia Shimerda. Antonia is depicted as asserting her opinion to take a man’s job after the death of her father, despite objections, for example by Jim’s grandmother (Cather 801). She goes ahead to implement her decision by avoiding playing with Jim. Instead, she devotedly works in the farm. The author finally portrays Antonia as a very successful woman.
Conclusion From the above discussion, it is clear that the literature work by Willa Cather depicts her as a strong feminist as she confirms in an interview with Latrobe Caroll where she narrates the path that her life has taken since her childhood. The paper has revealed her as a powerful character who had to beat all odds to attain a feminist title that acted as an awakening call to all other women who had been used only as vessels or machines of producing children.
They had no other role to play. Cather passes the message that such women need to break these chains loose, come up with a plan for their life, and rise up to execute it, despite the challenges that might come their way from men who will pronounce them as betrayers of societal norms.
The paper has found that such norms are unfounded and that they only tie women to the extent that they cannot exercise their full potential of taking leadership positions, being breadwinners, and/or deciding on behalf of their male counterparts.
Cather’s belief in equality between men and women has also been clearly brought out by the way she paints all her female characters as independent, strong willed, opinionated powerful, and successful in roles that were typically preserved for men. Any fanatic of Cather’s work will declare it an informative masterpiece whose message will continue making sense to the world.
Works Cited Bohlke, Brent. From Willa Cather in Person: Interviews, Speeches, and Letters, 1986. Web.
Cather, Willa. My Antonia in Early Novels and Stories. New York, NY: Literary Classics of the United States, 1982. Print.
Giglio, Elizabeth. Feminism in My Antonia, n.d. PDF file. Web.
Lewis, Edith (2000). Willa Cather Living: A Personal Record. Lincoln: University of Nabraska Press. Print.
O’brien, Sharon. “Possession And Publication: Willa Cather’s Struggle To Save My Antonia.” Studies in the Novel 45.3(2013): 460-475. Print.
Palleau-Papin, Francoise. “Slowly but Surely: Willa Cather’s Reception in France.” Studies in the Novel 45.3(2013): 538-558. Print.
Woodress, James. Willa Cather: A Literary Life, 1987. Web.
“The Link between Fire Research and Process Safety: An Evolution from Specific Needs to General Concern” by Cadena best college essay help
Table of Contents Brief Introduction
Statement of the Research Problem
Description of the Research Procedures
Flaws in the Procedural Design
Analysis of the Targeted Data
Limited and Justifiable Conclusions
Brief Introduction The article “The Link between Fire Research and Process Safety: An Evolution from Specific Needs to General Concern” identifies the gap between Fire Safety Engineering and Performance-based Risk Analysis (PRA). Risk Analysis is “a powerful field that makes it easier for engineers to improve their dynamic systems” (Cadena
Global Financial Crisis: Corruption and Transparency Report college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Financial regulation The financial crisis that hit the world cannot be dissociated from the banking operations. Although some scholars have described the just-concluded economic meltdown as a “Minsky” moment, there are a number of key factors that indeed influenced the financial crisis.
This explains why adequate regulation of the financial sector cannot be ignored by concerned government authorities. Perhaps, the New Deal offered a better framework for regulating the financial system. As it stands now, it might not be very clear on how financial regulation can be undertaken to minimize or even eliminate the possibilities of economic downturn (Kregel par. 5).
The successful banking reforms that took place in the 1930s can be largely attributed to the attributes of the New Deal. The theory put forward by Minsky could not be dismissed as a momentous theory. It is crucial to mention that this theory offered the most comprehensive approach for controlling the activities of financial institutions.
In a global environment which is highly liberalized, it might not be an easy task to streamline the operations of financial services. Nonetheless, the regulatory conditions can be adopted in advance so that all players in the financial sector are aligned to the operational requirements. Most of the changes executed by the proposals of the New Deal were highly structured and systematic.
Long-term chronological changes should first be understood before the adoption of a particular framework for regulation. The Financial Services Modernization Act also injected many changes in the financial system. Scholars in the financial sector have attempted to explore major changes that took place since the New Deal era.
The sources of these changes are also instrumental in discussing the global financial crisis. To some extent, internal processes eroded the New Deal reforms bearing in mind that protectionist measures were generally interfered with by commercial banks.
The latter had express rights to take deposits from customers. In other words, commercial banks operated solely in the process of taking deposits. On the other hand, substitute instruments were provided by unregulated financial institutions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Growth of the financial sector The rapid growth of the financial sector in the contemporary economies cannot be doubted. Some critics argue that the financial sector has extremely grown to a level that regulators are no longer able to manage it (Smaghi par. 4).
After the 2007/2008 financial crisis, some key players in the financial services sector saw the need to take a paradigm shift in order to avoid a similar occurrence and also cushion the affected business organizations. In a speech by Lorenzo, it is evident that monetary policies should be tightened across the board.
Lack of regulation or poor regulation of the financial services sector was perhaps the main cause of financial crisis experienced across the world. In order to fast track sound monetary policies, it is crucial for commercial banks to adhere to three main factors. These include when to begin tightening the policies, the pace at which the tightening process should be carried and when to stop the entire strict regulation process (Scannella 37).
However, it is not recommended to wait for a very long time before the regulation process begins. Proper timing is necessary. In particular, low interest rates should be a pointer that regulation is necessary. Inflation should not go beyond the raising rates.
In addition, a wide set of indicators should be employed in the regulatory approach. Strengthening financial architecture should be a priority of regulators in this sector owing to the fact that myriads of risks face financial markets on a daily basis.
As much as the key market players were largely aware of the latent risks in financial markets, little was done to control the situation. The emerging markets heavily contributed towards economic slow-down (Semenova 245). Due to the large number of the emerging markets (that are also largely unregulated), the global financial regulators lacked a proper mechanism to handle the situation.
When a financial crisis is left to thrive for too long, it becomes extremely difficult to address it after some time. Although most of the emerging markets are not controlled, they present a major impact in the global financial development.
We will write a custom Report on Global Financial Crisis: Corruption and Transparency specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This implies that when resources are pulled together by emerging markets, it directly impacts the global financial system. Any element of indecisiveness by the financial markets is quickly taken advantage of by the robust emerging markets. Contrary to the popular belief, not all democracies are in a position to offer logical and efficient solutions when it comes to financial services.
Expediting the process of making decisions can enormously save governments from engaging in risky or wasteful financial operations. Needless to say, market trends tend to enforce themselves especially when democracies fail to make crucial decisions at the right time.
As financial markets continue to grow at an unprecedented rate, democracies are proving the fact that they are unable to cope with the emerging financial markets. It is also crucial to mention that not all incentives lead to distortions in the financial market. Some incentives are helpful both as regulating mechanisms and
Shadow banking system The economic journey of Hyman Minsky vividly illuminates the shadow banking system in the contemporary financial environment. Creative financing facilitated both positive and negative performance of the financial markets. Nevertheless, it has never been understood how creative financing can take place.
This type of financing took place away from the controlled financial services sector. In other words, creative financing occurred in the absence of regulated banking system. One of the ways to comprehend creative financing is shadow banking system. Although shadow banks operated within the law, they were hardly under any regulation. Consequently, lending boom rapidly grew out of proportion.
This was especially witnessed in the mortgage industry (Helder, Mendon, José and Falci 385). Hyman P. Minsky attempts to offer a lucid explanation of how shadow-banking system led to the worst financial crisis ever experienced in history (McCulley 7).
Rating agencies and regulators were supposedly on the forefront in regulating banking operations. While real banks can readily access governmental safety nets, shadow banks do not enjoy the same advantage. This implies that the minimum regulatory constraints faced by the real banks are not applicable to shadow banks. One of the most sensitive areas worth exploring is the size of liquidity at any given time.
While the latter is a crucial and mandatory requirement imposed to regular banking systems, shadow banks are free from such constraints. Minsky explored the hypothesis of financial instability by comparing conventional and shadow banks. Through the hypothesis, it is possible to appreciate why shadow banks were exclusively blamed for the gross magnitude of the global financial crisis (Nidhiprabha 116).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Global Financial Crisis: Corruption and Transparency by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Explanations and discussions It is prudent to take advantage of the international financial and monetary regulations of the financial sector. Regulation can be defined as the presence, in a system like the global of stabilization mechanisms that ensure proper operation.
For example, when the exchange rates of major currencies tend to diverge excessively, central banks intervene in order to stabilize the exchange rate. This action is called “regulatory” as opposed to an act of coercion, such as the prohibition of currency conversion, or total inaction.
From the readings, it is clear that the purpose of regulation is to ensure harmonious development of a given system (Pakravan 24). This implies the existence of ‘rules of the game’ allowed in a common interest. Enforceability of the rules is also part of regulation.
First, what is the significance of international financial regulation? The answer is deceptively simple: regulation assists in economic and financial globalization. The latter is the source of economic progress (Bhattacharya 42).
However, it may be accompanied by major failures whose effects are devastating especially in developing and poor countries. However, this response is not adequate because it is necessary to use regulation rather than other solutions such as full laissez-faire or implementation constraints imposed globally to all stakeholders.
Second, what are the current systems for crisis prevention and stabilization of the global financial system? It is vital to analyze the operation of existing systems and to highlight their shortcomings if any. How can governments improve financial regulation? These are some of the pertinent questions that possibly emerge from the readings and which are explained and discussed in the remaining part of the essay.
The importance of regulating international finance and cash-flow cannot be overemphasized. There are explicit merits of regulating financial system (Ryder and Chambers 79). As much as a number of contrasting effects emerge when financial systems are regulated, it does not refute the fact that the process is fundamental.
The idea of financial and monetary regulation is not obvious. In pure economic theory, strict market forces should lead to an equilibrium corresponding to the optimum level. However, the need for regulation appears in the light of two facts.
First, financial flows and changed monetary volume. Second, the recent crises have shown that the markets could not independently ensure a rapid return to equilibrium (Bancel and Mittoo 211).
The development of financial markets The liberalization of financial markets began with the collapse of the international monetary system based on a generalized system of fixed exchange rates adjustable in the early seventies. The dismantling of national controls on capital movements in the eighties (especially in developed countries) increased liquidity in financial markets.
This trend increased with the opening of emerging markets to foreign capital in the early eighties. Financial globalization has been marked by the emergence of new markets and new major players in the international financial game (Kemme, Schoors and Vennet 213).
On the same note, deregulation of financial markets allowed, but also encouraged the rise of innovation and financial engineering as well as the diversification of financial products. The operations of shadow banks and the poorly regulated traditional banks have attracted the attention of monetary authorities in different countries on the risk that the development of products could pose to the international financial system (Liapis 309).
The rapid growth of derivative markets can be explained by structural and cyclical factors. Derivatives are born of market reaction to the volatility of interest rates, uncertainty and risk for investors. They make it possible to cover all or part of the risk associated with this uncertainty by providing arbitrage opportunities and sophisticated and inexpensive management.
The expansion of products has been highly favored by the increasing volatility of exchange rates and interest rates during the last decade (Mohamed 16). The introduction of new products and the development of financial engineering have also fostered the growth of derivatives and provision of increasingly complex products. Besides, the development of information technology has led to a significant decrease in transaction costs.
The role of derivatives in the development of financial crises and price volatility has been disputed by a number of economic theorists. Indeed, it is undeniable that the products have a significant influence on the process of price formation in financial markets, due to the ties that bind, through arbitrage, spot markets and derivative markets.
Nevertheless, economic theories concur that derivatives improve the consideration of information and thus enhance the efficiency of global financial markets. In addition, decentralization and diversification of international funding spread risks and reduce losses. Hence, the risk of a systemic crisis in the creditor countries can be minimized considerably in regulated financial markets (Mohsen, Abdulla, and Jalal 105).
The complexity of derivatives does not often allow precise measurement and control of risks. Derivatives are nevertheless likely to lead to excessive risk-taking. Bankruptcies of financial institutions that marked the last decade are thus linked to excessive risk on derivatives markets.
These markets are the main tools of investment hedge fund investment. They can provide considerable leverage effects with a very low capital requirement. Institutional investors involved in these markets (pension funds, collective investment funds and insurance companies in particular) have become major players in the financial markets and led to a profound change in the management of assets worldwide.
The development of financial markets and derivatives in particular, is of great significance for the definition of economic policies by individual jurisdictions. Deregulation and lowering transaction costs have greatly facilitated the mobility of capital and led to an opening up and integration of all global financial markets (Buga, Gherghinescu and Vânatoru 59).
The masses of capital traded daily on the financial markets are now well above the intervention capacities of states. Therefore, any government can find the hostage markets since its policy is perceived negatively. Derivatives also delay the effect of monetary policy on the real economy since actors can limit the impact of changes in interest rates by altering the characteristics of debt.
The development of the international financial and monetary activities meets a growing need for risk coverage by helping to reduce investor uncertainty.
Regulation has led to a better risk coverage The market economy is characterized by risk, consideration of profit, and liberalization of capital movement. Two main categories of risks can be distinguished at this point namely those attached to the operators of a transaction (credit risk or risk of default of the operator) and those attached to variables transactions (market risks such as price , exchange rates and interest rates).
Financial products should initially be developed based on the aforementioned risks in order to boost certainty levels of stakeholders. The latter can reduce risk factors of uncertainty and create a favorable environment for investment and trade (Baber 240).
Derivatives make it possible to manage all potential risks markets, and open the possibility to calibrate the balance offered by a given market. When derivatives are handled well, it can assist in lowering the risk of financial crisis from the local level. Of course, financial instruments do not entirely eliminate these risks.
Regulation has fostered the growth of world trade The gradual reduction of barriers to trade in goods and services has taken many forms in the global financial market. The development of world trade since the end of World War II is a reality; the scale is different in various states. In 1948, world exports accounted for an equivalent of $ 23 billion; in 1968, they amounted to $ 238 billion; the early 1970s and the 1980s marked two periods of stagnation of world trade which, however, experienced a strong recovery in 1983.
Between 1983 and 1990, world merchandise trade increased by 6% per year on average against 34% of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The development of cross-border financial circuits facilitates and enhances the development of criminal financial circuits which are cross-border in nature.
The low tax territories
The origin of the phenomenon is a pursuit that is not criminal in itself. However, it may swiftly lead to criminal dimensions. For example, the desire to escape tax levies on lawful activities elsewhere is a common practice among several multinational corporations. This scenario is common in the case of funds or highly leveraged hedge funds.
Sophisticated investors, high net worth individuals or companies often pursue profit margins that are higher than those of other financial players (Jovovic 69). Some of the funds are overwhelmingly located offshore. Some major operators in the global platform argue that offshore activities are essentially meant to avoid tax, and are not related to attempts to escape prudential regulation or control of operations.
With more than $ 100 billion in assets (about $ 400 billion for all funds leveraged in the world), most hedge funds managed from the United States are established in a tax haven. They have nothing mischievous about them because there is a lot of information disseminated to the public and in particular a business directory detailing their methods of intervention and all contact information (Ramskogler 284).
In spite of this argument, most of the low tax territories are believed to have massively contributed towards the recent global financial crisis.
Holders tend to attract criminal funds
Criminal financial channels usually create a haven for mass of financial flows that accompany the internationalization of capital markets. Liberalization of capital movements and removal of exchange controls to facilitate legal flow also promote illegal flows.
For instance, the single currency encourages discretion of intra-continental transactions involving funds from dubious origins.
Criminal financial circuits are likely to promote financial crises
The development of criminal financial circuits is harmful in itself. Do these financial flows affect proper functioning of the legal financial channels? Are they likely to play a role in the international financial crises? The amounts involved and progress of their activities are inherently poorly known from the systematic economic studies conducted on this area.
It is therefore very difficult to assess the possible effects of financial illegality in the economic and financial systems of the world (Amri, Prabha and Wihlborg 325).
Summary Two conclusions can be drawn from the above discussion on global financial crisis. To begin with, emerging markets that were affected by the crisis generally suffer from high levels of corruption while the least corrupt states were not grossly affected. Second, the transparency of financial flows is required for better risk management and sound asset allocation.
A high level of corruption is associated with vulnerability to major financial crises. Besides, proper regulation of all financial markets including conventional and shadow banking systems should be given priority in the management of balanced global cash flows.
Works Cited Amri, Puspa, Apanard Prabha and Clas Wihlborg. “International Comparisons of Bank Regulation, Liberalization, and Banking Crises.” Journal of Financial Economic Policy 3.4 (2011): 322-339. Print.
Baber, Graeme. “A Critical Examination of the Legislative Response in Banking and Financial Regulation to Issues Related to Misconduct in the Context of the Crisis of 2007-2009.” Journal of Financial Crime 20.2 (2013): 237-252. Print.
Bancel, Franck, and Usha R. Mittoo. “Financial Flexibility and the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis.” International Journal of Managerial Finance 7.2 (2011): 179- 216. Print.
Bhattacharya, Hrishikes. “Capital Regulation and Rising Risk of Banking Industry: A Financial Accounting Perspective.” Academy of Banking Studies Journal 12.1 (2013): 31-59. Print.
Buga, Monica, Oana Gherghinescu, and Sorin Vânatoru. “The Global Financial Crisis as Incentive for Enhancing Assurance for Financial Reporting.” Annales Universitatis Apulensis : Series Oeconomica 12.1 (2010): 56-63. Print.
Helder Ferreira, de Mendon, Cordeiro Galv Délio José, and Villela Loures Renato Falci. “Financial Regulation and Transparency of Information: Evidence from Banking Industry.” Journal of Economic Studies 39.4 (2012): 380-397. Print.
Jovovic, Radislav. “Global Financial Crisis: Role of International Institutional Framework, and Lessons for Transitional Countries.” Montenegrin Journal of Economics 8.3 (2012): 65-73. Print.
Kemme, David M., Koen Schoors, and Rudi Vander Vennet. “Risk, Regulation and Competition in Banking and Finance in Transition Economies.” Comparative Economic Studies 50.2 (2008): 210-216. Print.
Kregel, Jan. Working Paper No. 586 Is This the Minsky Moment for Reform of Financial Regulation? 2010. Web.
Liapis, Konstantinos. “The Regulation Framework for the Banking Sector: The EMU, European Banks and Rating Agencies before and during the Recent Financial and Debt Crisis.” International Journal of Disclosure and Governance 9.4 (2012): 301-330. Print.
McCulley, Paul. The Shadow Banking System and Hyman Minsky’s Economic Journey. 2009. Web.
Mohamed, Ali Trabelsi. “The Impact of the Financial Crisis on the Global Economy: Can the Islamic Financial System Help?” The Journal of Risk Finance 12.1 (2011): 15-25. Print.
Mohsen, Amina, Mooza Abdulla, and Akram Jalal. “How Financial Organizations can Overcome the Global Business Crisis.” International Journal of Business and Management 6.2 (2011): 101-111. Print.
Nidhiprabha, Bhanupong. “The Global Financial Crisis and Resilience of the Thai Banking Sector.” Asian Development Review 28.2 (2011): 110-132. Print.
Pakravan, Karim. “Global Financial Architecture, Global Imbalances and the Future of the Dollar in a Post-Crisis World.” Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance 19.1 (2011): 18-32. Print.
Ramskogler, Paul. “Banking on Basel: The Future of International Financial Regulation.” Journal of Economic Issues 44.1 (2010): 284-285. Print.
Ryder, Nicholas, and Clare Chambers. “The Credit Crunch – are Credit Unions Able to Ride out the Storm?” Journal of Banking Regulation 11.1 (2009): 76-86. Print.
Scannella, Enzo. “Capital Regulation and Italian Banking System: Theory and Empirical Evidence.” International Journal of Economics and Finance 4.2 (2012): 31- 43.Print.
Semenova, Maria. “Market Discipline and Banking System Transparency: Do we Need More Information?” Journal of Banking Regulation 13.3 (2012): 241-248. Print.
Smaghi, Lorenzo Bini. Has the financial sector grown too big? 15 April 2010. Web.
The Day of the Dead Descriptive Essay college essay help online
The festivity of the “Day of the Dead is a concept that demonstrates strong respect for ancestors, the continued love for the departed ones, the strength of family relationships, and humor in death” (Kaplan and Norton 5). It was started by the early inhabitants of Central Mexico, who believed in life after death (Kaplan and Norton 2).
During this joyous and sacred event, families invite the souls of their departed ones to offer them warmth and comfort. In other words, the festival symbolizes triumph of life over death (Kaplan and Norton 45).
The Day of the Dead is celebrated during the month of November, specifically on the first and second days of the month. The souls of the departed children (Los angelitos) are commemorated on November 1, whereas the souls of the departed adults are remembered on November 2 (Kaplan and Norton 13).
Just prior to “the first day of November, families gather around graveyards at nights to stay with the visiting souls” (Kaplan and Norton 23). Children sing and play, men chat and drink, and women sit with their young ones. There is a “spectacular sight of cleaned graves that are beautifully decorated with flowers, food, and lit candles” (Kaplan and Norton 34).
There can be one or more bands of musicians playing in close proximity and family members dancing with the spirits of their loved ones (Kaplan and Norton 15). In preparation for “the arrival of the souls of the departed ones, many Mexican families build ofrendas in their homes” (Kaplan and Norton 76).
Ofrendas are special holy altars built mostly by Mexican women. They are used for welcoming souls to households. Flowers are mainly used at the gravesites and on altars. Indian Mexicans, for instance, are known for their use of the yellow marigold (cempasuchil), also known as the flower of the dead, to decorate graves and altars. Other flowers that are “used are the coxcombs, white amaryllis, and the wild purple orchid” (Kaplan and Norton 76).
In addition to the Days of the Dead bread, graveyards are typified by delicacies for the dead to eat. From a personal reflection, I think that Mexicans believe that people continue with life after they die. For instance, the departed ones are offered food at gravesides due to the fact that they still need to obtain good nutrition.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Towns in Mexico are characterized by very many people during the last days of October for the reason that almost every family member rushes to purchase materials needed for the decoration and preparation of altars. Special commodities are in adequate supply during this period to meet the relatively high demand.
They include clay candlesticks, plain or elegantly decorated candles, beautiful burners, skeleton figures, toys, and miniature dolls. Additionally, colorful paper cutouts are sold in shopping centers because they are special components in the preparation of altars. The significance of the paper cutouts is to appease and entertain the returning souls.
Most families prepare/bake special kinds of loaves of bread, called the bread of the dead, which are in unique shapes and sizes. The most amazing fact that surrounds the festivity and Mexican people is the lack of dull moods.
Personally, I think that people should be in a mourning mood when they are associating with the dead. In fact, it appears that the departed persons do not come to haunt or scare their loved ones, but they come from the ‘other world’ to visit their homes and look for comfort and care.
Works Cited Kaplan, Robert, and David Norton. The fiesta of the day of the dead. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Press, 2011. Print.
Conflict Management in Organizational Teams Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Strategies of meeting deadlines
Introduction Meeting deadlines is an integral part of work life. However, failure to meet deadlines for projects by employees may result in mistrust between them and their employers, demotion, or loss of jobs.
Such aftermaths of deadlines cause stress on employees. This study presents the strategies that can be executed to alleviate deadline-associated stress and conflict in the workplace.
Strategies of meeting deadlines To avoid the occurrence of intrapersonal and task-related conflict, employees can embark on the following strategies. First, Waller, Conte, Gibson, and Carpenter (2001) assert that employees can negotiate early with their bosses concerning unrealistic deadlines. This negotiation can be done when setting deadlines.
Employees should communicate openly with their supervisors on time allocation and availability of the required resources for a timely accomplishment of projects. According to Alper, Tjosvold, and Law (2000), employees should avoid negotiating for deadlines when they are due.
Secondly, employees should take all deadlines seriously to ensure personal accountability. Waller et al. (2001) further affirm that deadlines that are set for all tasks should be strictly planned for and adhered to. In most cases, employees are unable to meet deadlines for tasks that seem small or have a lot of time since they put them aside in the hope of accomplishing them in the future.
Procrastination of tasks should be avoided since it disrupts time management towards meeting deadlines. Alper et al. (2000) recommend that employees also need to be accountable for the tasks they set to accomplish and/or commit to deliver on time. Accountability ensures that workers plan for all the time they have according to the tasks that are ahead of them.
Personally responsible They should be personally responsible for any perceived failure to achieve deadlines that are set for various tasks. Responsibility drives commitment towards accomplishing tasks on time. Thirdly, plans such as keeping a calendar on the desk and highlighting important deadlines help in avoiding deadline-related stress.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A calendar that indicates deadlines for various tasks should be displayed on a clearly visible point to remind the employee of the urgency of the task. This strategy enables the employee to prioritize tasks that are more urgent. Waller et al. (2001) assert that prioritizing ensures that tasks that are more urgent than others are accomplished first to avoid deadline stress.
The employee can also set alarm as a reminder of time lapse. In case they realize that they are embarking on a task at the expense of another urgent one, they can stop and work on it (the urgent task) to curb any deadline-linked stress. Fourth, Alper et al. (2000) confirm that employees should break the tasks into segments and set deadlines for each segment.
It is important for huge projects that take a long time to be subdivided into subtasks that are accorded different sub-deadlines. Setting sub-deadlines for subtasks enables the employee to accomplish the major project systematically in several smaller steps. Accomplishment of smaller tasks on time motivates the employees to focus on the next subtask, rather than complaining about the huge task (Alper et al., 2000).
Conclusion Subtasks also ensure thoroughness of work since the employee is able to focus his or her attention on specific and detailed parts of the tasks. Conclusively, failure to meet tasks deadlines may result in conflicts between employees and employers.
Therefore, employees can adopt various strategies of meeting deadlines. Employees who negotiate for realistic deadlines take personal accountability for tasks, mark calendars for deadlines, and break huge tasks into sub-segments to avoid deadline-related stress.
Reference List Alper, S., Tjosvold, D.,
A New “Joe” On the Block Case Study essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Background
Background A coffee shop in the United States is a considered a competitive and lucrative retail business. The most dominant coffee shops in the United States include Starbucks, McDonald’s, Dunkin’ Donuts and Burger King (Smith 142).
In addition, the retail industry has many local competitors that are located in almost every city and town. Consumers’ preferences on coffee are based on taste, price and experience (Tucker 19). Joe needs to conduct a thorough research on coffee shop business.
Introduction A Cup of Joe business idea is a brilliant idea and implies the growing demand for coffee in the United States. Although the business name is appealing and implies a sense of creativity, the retail business is influenced by other critical factors. Among the most notable factors in the industry include taste, customer experience and market research.
Joe has to make a critical decision in regard to the new market research. In this context, Joe must consider three factors that include assessing the reliance of the previous research, requirements of a primary research and reliability of both secondary and primary research methods.
Objectives The objective of the Joe’s research is to achieve relevant deliverables that are key to success of the business. The objectives include:
Ascertain the appropriate business location.
Establish the correct preferences for coffee as mentioned by the customers.
Determine factors that influence the success of a coffee shop.
Determine the appropriate price and quality of the coffee product.
Analysis From the primary research, several issues emerged in regard to the reliance of the study. For example, Starbucks emerged as the most preferred business entity by the customers. From the sample 100 customers, Starbucks emerged as a huge enterprise and can provide quality coffee.
Perhaps, this explains why the price of Starbucks’s coffee is slightly high compared to McDonald’s, Burger King and Dunkin Donuts. From the research findings, the study on the coffee taste did not include any data to reveal how the variable was measured. Perhaps, a measurement scale on taste should be used to cover the flaw of the study.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The flaws of the studies imply that Joe did not follow the required stages of a marketing research process. However, the initial marketing research was qualitative in nature since it was based on secondary resources. Apparently, the researcher relied on internet information and magazines.
The qualitative marketing research stage is important for gathering the general view about the market, competitors, products and prices. On the other hand, Joe’s proposal to conduct primary research shows the importance of using quantitative marketing research.
Quantitative marketing research is conducted by sampling customers who prefer coffee. In this context, recording customer’s preferences and taste on product, as well as, price are a part of quantitative marketing research. Apparently, a quantitative marketing research is effective in determining the reliability of the available market information.
Conclusion The preferences of the American consumer are not the same across the country. Across the states, consumers prefer locally-owned coffee shops that understand the social-economic setting of the region.
On the other hand, large-scale coffee shop retailers such as Starbucks, McDonald’s, Dunkin Donuts and The Burger King are preferred in large cities where many of the customers are middle-income earners.
Recommendation Joe can hire a consultant to conduct the research. A consultant has the adequate resources and competency to conduct an in-depth research. In addition, Joe’s decision to start the business will be based on the consultant’s ability to outline three deliverables that include size of the market, popularity of coffee shops and types of coffee (Tucker 4).
Works Cited Smith, F. Andrew. Fast food and junk food: An encyclopedia of what we love to eat. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2011. Print.
We will write a custom Case Study on A New “Joe” On the Block specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Tucker, M. Catherine. Coffee culture: Local experiences, global connections. New York: Routledge, 2011. Print.
The Concept of Women in Business Case Study essay help online free
Introduction Diversity has become one of the most accepted elements in the contemporary business environment. Rutherford (2011) emphasises that gender ranks amongst the top diversity issues currently being considered in business management.
Bradley (2007, p.10) defines gender as ‘the varied and complex arrangements between men and women, encompassing the organisation of reproduction, the sexual division of labour, and cultural definitions of femininity and masculinity’.
Different categories of theories have been formulated in an effort to explain the concept of gender. Martin (2003, p. 88) posits that these theories include the ‘liberal feminist theory, social feminist theory, radical feminist or the psychoanalytical theory, the poststructuralist feminist and social constructionist theory’.
The liberal feminist theory emphasises that human beings are defined by their capacity to think rationally. The radical feminist, the psychoanalytical feminist, and the social feminist theories postulate that the feminine traits should be perceived as beneficial and a resource rather than a drawback.
Conversely, the poststructuralist feminist and social constructionist theory emphasises the construction of the femininity and masculinity that affects the social order. Therefore, gender emanates from an individual’s social interaction and upbringing and it varies depending on time and place (Ahl 2006).
Women have become an important constituent of the contemporary workforce (Holmes 2007). However, organisational managers encounter dilemma in the course of constituting their workforce.
Rutherford (2011) corroborates that women comprise a critical economic force that organisations should consider in exploiting the growing market. Thus, women should no longer be ignored. A few organisations have firmly embedded the concept of equality and gender in their company values (Marlow 2002).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, women are progressively being involved in entrepreneurship. Rutherford (2011, p.1) asserts that women-owned businesses ‘are one of the fastest growing entrepreneurial populations in the world’.
This paper involves a critical analysis of the concept of women in business. The analysis is based on three written case studies, which are based on real life interviews with women in business.
Analysis Conventionally, entrepreneurship was perceived as a male domain. Ahl (2006) cites the concept of entrepreneurship as one of the discursive practices that have been propagated over the years. For a considerable period, the women’s role was associated with childcare while men had been regarded as the breadwinners.
Ahl (2006) affirms that the family has largely been considered as the women’s domain. However, women are progressively venturing into entrepreneurship. Some authors are of the opinion that entrepreneurship is a male-gendered concept. Thus, women have been made invisible with reference to entrepreneurship (Ahl 2006).
This discourse has changed considerably over the past few decades. Women-owned businesses are growing rapidly across the world. A study conducted by the United State Census Bureau shows that 25% of all small and medium enterprises [SMEs] are women-owned (Coyle
Cultural Audit in Society Evaluation Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
A cultural audit is a stipulated procedure that a group of people or an organization follows in solving issues. There are two major cultural audits that determine the appropriate ways of working with families of children with disabilities, collectivism and individualism.
In this case study, School of Architecture and Construction Trade in the State of New Jersey wants a cultural audit that will enhance a cordial relationship with the parents of students with disabilities (Gorman, 2004). The cultural audit will mediate the challenges that go beyond learning of students with disabilities.
The school ought to use a collectivism cultural audit in order to handle challenges dealing with learning, emotional burden and adaptation of the new culture with the children with disabilities.
The cultural audit factors will be essential for significant improvement of academic achievement, career readiness, and enrollment of students with disabilities (Nelson
Apple Inc and Microsoft Corporation Report custom essay help: custom essay help
Executive Summary Apple Inc and Microsoft Corporation are some of the leading brands in the electronic market that offer very high value to their customers. These two brands were chosen because of their massive online presence and the fact that they were able to withstand the millennium challenges in the electronic market in the early 2000s.
Analysis of the information from their websites shows that the two firms have taken unique positioning approaches to reach out to their target audience. While Apple Inc targets the middle and upper class members of the society, some products of Microsoft Corporation such as the Operating System target the entire market.
Some of the products from these companies, such as their Operating Systems, may act as substitutes. Others may be used as supplementary products, while others such as their Smart Watches may be direct competitors. These two firms are keen on offering high value to the clients, and this is evident in their positioning strategies.
Selection of the Company
Apple Inc and Microsoft are the two top brands that have strong online presence in the current market. These two companies offer supplementary products, though some of their products may be considered as substitute to one another.
The decision to choose the two companies was made after a careful review of their performance in the online market and their trends. The Apple brand has been voted the best brand in the world in a number of occasions, especially in 2009 and 2010 (Fill 2013, p. 54).
It has a massive online presence not only in the United States but also in the global market. It is a brand that is widely known for its high qualities. Although their products target the rich and the middle class, the brand is known even among the low class and their products admired by people across diverse demographical classes.
The company has maintained creativity in the face of stiff market competition. Microsoft is another very prosperous company. This firm has experienced massive growth since 1990s because of the creativity and effective management.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Microsoft is a household name. Anyone who has a personal computer user a number of Microsoft products, from Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, among other products. This brand has proven that it can withstand market competition. Many companies have come up with similar products such as Apple.
However, the products of Microsoft have remained above the market competition. Its operating system remains one of the best and most commonly used in the market.
Apple and Microsoft, two companies that were founded almost at the same time, have proven to be formidable companies capable of achieving great success in the market. It is worth analysing their brands and how they perform in the online market.
Positioning of the Retailers as Presented in Their Websites Apple Brand
It will be important to conduct a detailed analysis of Apple brand’s positioning as presented in the firm’s website. Apple Inc has emerged as one of the top brands in the electronic market. According to Chaffey and Chadwick (2012, p. 82), when the firm its operations, it did not have a specific target market.
The firm had undefined positioning strategy because it had not clearly identifies which segment of the market was more appropriate. This was not until the return of Steve Jobs into the company that the company realised that there was a potential in the middle and upper class segments.
Since then, this firm has been positioning its brand to target this market segment. According to Koekemoer and Bird (2004, p. 67), Apple brand is positioned as a high quality product that offers more to the customers.
The company developed highly integrated devices that had several features to meet various needs of the customers. In order to appeal to the targeted group, Apple developed a unique brand symbol to help in differentiating its products in the market. The figure below shows the logo of Apple brand.
We will write a custom Report on Apple Inc and Microsoft Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Figure 1: Apple Brand Logo
Source (Liudi 2009, p. 113)
As shown in the figure above, this firm considered using a logo of an apple fruit. De Chernatony, McDonald and Wallace (2011, p. 22) says that the choice of the brand name and symbol was to be represented by the fruit. Apple fruit is known for its high nutritional value and its benefits to human health.
The same quality of this fruit is what Apple Inc positions itself to offer to its clients.
Apple Inc offers a wide variety of products under the brand name Apple. According to Ray (2001, p. 38), Smartphone is one of the categories of Apple Inc’s products that have become very popular in the market today. Apple Inc is considered one of the pioneers of Smartphone.
The unique quality of this product enables it to offer clients more than what a normal phone would offer. It allows users to access the internet, make video calls, and have access to the social media, among other features. The figures below show some of their sleek Smartphone that has become very popular in the market today.
Figure 2: Sleek Apple Smartphone
These products, as presented in Apple Inc’s website, offer more than just a simple phone call. It allows its users to manage various activities remotely, including monitoring the position of one’s car, intrusion into one’s homestead of office among others. Another popular product under the brand name Apple is the laptop named MacBook.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Apple Inc and Microsoft Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is an ultra-slim laptop that has very unique features. The figure below shows one of the founders of this company, Steve Jobs, holding a MacBook during its launch.
Figure 3: Apple’s MacBook
Sector Analysis Background: DTL Power Corporation Research Paper essay help
The geothermal sector is growing tremendously in diverse countries across the world because it is a renewable form of energy. In the energy sector, renewable form of energy contributes about 17% of energy, while non-renewable sources such as fossil fuels and nuclear contributes about 80% and 3% respectively.
As geothermal energy is one of the renewable forms of energy, it contributes barely 1% globally, but it has huge potential. For instance, geothermal energy contributes 30%, 24%, 24%, and 15% of electricity in Iceland, El Salvador, Kenya, Philippines, and Costa Rica respectively.
According to the Geothermal Energy Association (2014), the western part of the US has excellent geothermal potential. It is estimated that the region can supply up to 20 percent of the energy requirement in the country.
In the United States, the geothermal field in California has the largest geothermal plant in the world called The Geysers, which produces 3,386 megawatts.
New Mexico relies heavily on electricity generated from fossil fuels, yet it has geothermal resources in the Jemez Mountains, which has the potential of generating huge amounts of electricity that can serve New Mexico and neighboring states.
In this view, the structure of geothermal industry shows that it has immense potential of generating electricity, which requires exploitation.
The major players in the geothermal sector are federal government and energy companies. The federal government regulates exploitation of geothermal resources by ensuring that it benefits all stakeholders and generates renewable forms of energy for industrial development.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through the Department of Energy, the federal government formulates policies and regulations, which guide exploitation of geothermal resources in various states.
The federal government also uses Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in regulating interstate transmission of electricity in the United States and protects consumers using Federal Trade Commission.
Through Environmental Protection Agency, federal government ensures that exploitation and use of geothermal resources do not pose any harm to the environment. Fundamentally, the federal government is an important player in the energy industry because it dictates exploitation of geothermal resources.
Geothermal Energy Association is an integral player in the geothermal sector because it is a trade union of geothermal companies, which advocate for the exploitation of geothermal resources across the world.
Moreover, the geothermal companies that belong to this trade union actively exploit geothermal resources in various parts of the world.
According to the Geothermal Energy Association (2015), Chadbourne and Park, Scientific Drilling International, Therma Source, Ethos Energy Group, and Industrial Builders are the companies that form the executive level, while Calpine Corporation, Gradient Resources, Enel Green Power North America, Bershire, Cyrq Energy, and Ormat Technologies are some of the companies that form the board level.
The Calpine Corporation controls about 90 percent of the geothermal resources in the US. As these companies advocate for the exploitation of geothermal resources and represent geothermal companies, they deliberate on issues and make important decisions, which influence policies and regulations in the geothermal sector.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Sector Analysis Background: DTL Power Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other major players in the United States are Energy Vision International Florida, Kepler Energy, Asheville Geothermal, Evergreen Energy, Earth Source Energy Solutions, and Geo power Texas amongst others. Examination of the players in the geothermal sector indicates that it is a very competitive sector.
A Brief historical Perspective
Although geothermal resources have existed for thousands of centuries, the technology to exploit them as a renewable energy has been lacking. Archeological evidence indicates that ancient people used hot springs as a source of water for bathing, cleaning, and extracting minerals.
In the United States, archeological evidence shows that Paleo-Indians used hot springs in washing, cleaning, extracting minerals, and warming themselves. In recent years, technological developments have allowed large corporations to produce energy from geothermal sources in a cost-effective manner.
In the United States, the first geothermal plant called The Geysers was established in 1960 in the Californian geothermal field.
According to the Geothermal Energy Association (2014), huge investments by the Calpine Corporation have seen the number of geothermal units grow to the current 18. Given that 80% of electricity emanates from fossil fuels, it contributes to global warming.
The need to mitigate global warming has promoted exploitation of geothermal resources because they are renewable sources, which do contribute significantly to global warming. Globally, governments in conjunction with Geothermal Energy Association and other bodies, are advocating for the exploitation geothermal resources.
Currently, geothermal resources only produce 1% of electricity, yet they have the potential of producing over 30%, as in the case of the geothermal sector in Iceland.
Nature of Competition The nature of competition that exists in the geothermal sector in New Mexico and the United States is highly competitive.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Sector Analysis Background: DTL Power Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Since geothermal companies operate in a free market economy, they operate in a highly competitive environment, which requires enormous resources, compliance with prevailing legislations, acquisition of experts, and application of novel technology.
The costs involved in starting geothermal company are prohibitive in that mega-companies can only afford (The Geothermal Energy Association, 2014). National and international companies compete for the scarce geothermal resources in various parts of the world, including New Mexico.
The ability to exploit the available geothermal resources is mainly dependent on the capacity of a company to mobilize required startup capital. In this view, DTL Power Corporation should be ready to invest a competitive amount of capital in the establishment and development of geothermal plant in New Mexico.
Additionally, geothermal sector is highly competitive because it has a number of legislations that geothermal companies must comply with before receiving permission to explore and exploit geothermal resources.
The federal government requires geothermal companies to comply with regulations of the Department of Energy, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, and the Federal Trade Union.
Moreover, the trade union of geothermal companies, Geothermal Energy Association, has legislations that regulate their operations in the geothermal sector (Geothermal Energy Association, 2015).
To survive in a highly competitive geothermal sector, DTL Power Corporation also needs to seek expertise and employ the latest technology, which matches or surpasses that of leading players such as Calpine Corporation.
Recent News Story The recent news story shows that geothermal industry is growing gradually owing to the promotion of renewable sources of energy by various governments globally.
Galbraith (2014) states that the electricity generated globally from geothermal resources increases by 5% annually, with the United States being the leading producer of electricity from geothermal energy.
The use of oil and gas technology of drilling has enhanced exploration and exploitation of geothermal resources in different parts of the world, including the United States. Given that establishment of geothermal plants is expensive, it has prohibited many countries and companies from exploring and exploiting geothermal resources.
Geothermal engineers explain that it takes about 50-60% of the project’s cost to drill wells and the probability of locating sustainable hot springs is 70-90% (Galbraith, 2014).
The explanation implies that exploration of geothermal resources is very expensive, and thus, requires expertise to increase the probability of locating sustainable hot spring and reduce the expenses.
Sector’s Societal Importance The geothermal sector has immense benefits to the society because it generates a renewable form of energy, creates employment opportunities, reduces emissions of greenhouse gases, and generates revenue to governments.
Since the current society relies on non-renewable form of energy obtained from fossil fuels, the geothermal sector is very important because it offers renewable source of energy that is sustainable. The renewability and sustainability of geothermal energy emanate from the fact that the geothermal heat is inexhaustible.
Essentially, electricity generated from geothermal resources is very reliable because it is not subject to seasons and intermittent environmental conditions, unlike solar energy and wind energy. The geothermal sector is also beneficial to society because it creates immense opportunities for employment.
Kunkel, Ghomshei, and Ellis (2012) state that geothermal plants create job opportunities for engineers, mechanics, geologists, architects, operators, hydrologists, technicians, researchers, government regulators, and lawyers amongst other related specialists.
In this view, communities that live in areas where geothermal plants exist benefit from the available job opportunities.
The release of harmful emissions such as greenhouse gases limits exploitation and use of fossil fuels. The exploitation of geothermal resources is advantageous because they emit minimal amount of greenhouse gases into the environment, and thus, does not contribute significantly to global warming.
Fundamentally, the beneficial effect of geothermal resources to the society is that it reduces emissions of greenhouse gases, and thus, aid in alleviating the impact of global warming.
Kunkel, Ghomshei, and Ellis (2012) argue that the technology of closed-loop circulation is essential in geothermal sector because it prevents the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
Overall, the society benefits owing to the reduced emission of greenhouse gases and poisonous gases, which are harmful to humanity and the environment. Geothermal sector also generates revenue for state and federal governments since they collect taxes and royalties from the geothermal companies.
References Geothermal Energy Association. (2014). 2014 Annual US and Global Geothermal Power Production Report. Web.
Geothermal Energy Association. (2015). Major Companies. Web.
Galbraith, K. (2014, July 23). Geothermal Industry Grows, With Help from Oil and Gas.
Drilling. New York Times. Web.
Kunkel, T., Ghomshei, M.,
E-Commerce Technology: Wal-Mart Corporation Evaluation Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Products
Products Wal-Mart’s product portfolio is wide, allowing the retailer to serve diverse client needs to boost its market share. Various stores stock different products. The corporation consists of ten operating divisions that specialize in different products. Wal-Mart discount stores fall under one division. They stock general merchandise, such as clothing, household items, and food products, among others, and include a pharmacy, a restaurant, and a photo studio.
Wal-Mart’s Supercenter is a large self-service store that offers a range of groceries, including fresh produce and baked products. Neighborhood markets sell small volumes of general merchandise compared to supercenters, but offer the same product range as those carried by the discount stores. On the other hand, Wal-Mart Express targets small towns and urban centers. It offers a range of products and services, including gasoline service to customers. Other Wal-Mart divisions carry vacations, pharmacy, and optical sections.
The ten divisions stock several products, including apparel, electronics, jewelry, footwear, toys, and furniture, among others. Besides general merchandise, the retailer stocks groceries and pharmaceuticals in the food and drugs division. As Stebbins (2) notes, restaurants such as McDonald’s and Subway sell food products within Wal-Mart stores.
The wide product range makes Wal-Mart a one-stop shop where customers can buy all products they need. The corporation also collaborates with other companies to expand its product offerings. For example, its partnership with McDonald’s has ensured that each store provides restaurant services to customers. Wal-Mart has also formed partnerships with Hollywood firms to carry out promotions within its stores. Through this strategy, Wal-Mart creates new retail sectors within its stores.
In recent years, Wal-Mart has introduced new product lines into its stores. Thus, Wal-Mart’s strategy is to expand into different locations and international markets before introducing new products to compete effectively with businesses in that sector. Traditionally, Wal-Mart specializes in the retail of household products, such as apparels, toys, and sportswear (1).
Other products stocked by the retailer include stationeries, cosmetics, confectioneries, and artworks. The firm branched out into the electronics, jewelry, photo production, and medical supplies markets. Besides product diversification, Wal-Mart has also opened new stores in international markets, where it offers similar merchandise as those sold by local retailers.
Services Wal-Mart runs gas stations, where it competes with smaller business through regular price cuts. It has entered the home electronics market that is dominated by retailers like Best Buy. Wal-Mart also offers entertainment products, including films and music, in partnership with producers. Wal-Mart also runs non-retail business through its Sam’s Club warehouses in the US (1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sam’s Club is a warehouse chain owned by Wal-Mart for providing items to customers who buy in bulk. In this sector, Wal-Mart competes with major warehouses, such as Cost, and supermarkets that sell bulk items.
Sam’s Club supplies fresh produce to its members at low prices. This allows the giant retailer to compete with other businesses, including warehouses and supermarkets. Sam’s Club is a discount plan that allows members to cut costs by purchasing bulk items. Wal-Mart has over 700 Sam’s Clubs distributed within the US. The members can access all items carried in Wal-Mart’s warehouses. They also benefit from services such as drug supplies, tire center, and vision shop.
Website Features Wal-Mart launched its revamped website in 2002 after the first site was found to be less user-friendly. The new website (walmart.com) features a help desk and information about the physical address of stores, promotions, discounts, and product return guidelines. It also contains photo-sharing services to the users. Users can browse over a million products displayed on this website with ease and place an order by hitting the ‘buy’ button.
Customers may find features, such as order status, useful, as they can track their purchases in real-time. Additionally, through the help desk, customers can seek answers to their problems and queries regarding product features. Another useful feature is the clear return policy indicated on the website.
This feature gives the website a clear advantage. Clients dissatisfied with their purchases from the online shop can take them to nearby stores. The online shop boasts of over 900,000 products drawn from 24 different product lines ranging from groceries to clothing. Thus, users can access different products stocked in Wal-Mart’s stores across the country.
According to some e-commerce analysts, Wal-Mart’s website facilitates personalized shopping through its ‘broadvision’ technology. The website uses the ‘broadvision’ technology and thus, provides a range of personalization features that are user-friendly.
These include physical maps, customer profile, store locators, and past online activity. Customers can also find information about discounts and promotions that Wal-Mart offers on this site. Another notable feature is the online travel link, which customers can use to book hotels or buy travel tickets.
We will write a custom Essay on E-Commerce Technology: Wal-Mart Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is also a photo center in the website. This feature combines online and offline versions of Wal-Mart’s business model. Using this feature, clients can give films to a conveniently located store and retrieve their pictures from the online store. They can then send them to friends through email or post them online.
The online pharmacy at Wal-Mart Website allows customers to order prescription and non-prescription drugs online. They can then pick the drugs from local Wal-Mart stores. This section also keeps track of a customer’s online drug purchase history. Customers can personalize it in a way that it sends a reminder for a refill in advance.
Customers can also select replacement tires from the website and pick them from local stores. The vision center contains a range of contact lenses. It also sends reminders to customers and keeps a history of their online visits to the center.
The site also gives item recommendations, which helps personalize online shopping. It suggests products based on the customer’s past or present purchases.
This feature also customizes the webpage of a customer to reflect his or her location and previous online activity (1). It recommends products that typically go with the item purchased. By relying on past searches, the site is able to make accurate and relevant product recommendations to clients. The personalized search tool makes the site user-friendly and enriches the online shopping experience.
This feature has contributed to a 20 percent rise in online purchases. Due to the enhanced usability of the website, Wal-Mart online sales stood at $473 in 2014, representing a 30 percent increase from the previous year (3). Other changes that have had a significant impact on online sales include the modification of the site to make it viewable in devices like tablets. Customers can browse Wal-Mart’s products through their tablets because the images can fit small screens.
E-Commerce Technology Wal-Mart’s online shop has over 900,000 different products. Its main competitor, Amazon.com, offers more diverse items than Wal-Mart. To compete effectively, Wal-Mart’s online shop should sell new items, such as movies and music videos, alongside other product categories. Since the company already has partnerships with Hollywood movie firms, it can easily provide movies to customers through its website at a fee.
Another product that Wal-Mart should sell through its website is digital games. Users can play games online or download them to their computers from the website. This will require the corporation to enter into partnerships with movie distributors like Netflix. Wal-Mart can also set up an online bookstore where customers can shop for new books. Since it has stores distributed over different locations, customers can receive books from local stores after placing an order online.
Not sure if you can write a paper on E-Commerce Technology: Wal-Mart Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Wal-Mart can also diversify into the technology market. It can offer web services or infrastructure to developers interested in creating new business solutions and tools. It can also collaborate with technology firms, such as Apple, to sell devices like Smartphones and tablets through its website.
The grocery product line in the online store should be expanded to include organic food, which is increasingly becoming popular because of its health benefits. Wal-Mart can also consider selling refurbished household items through its website. It can sell them at reduced prices to target the low-income clientele. Industrial items, such as machines, form another category of products that Wal-Mart can sell through its website.
The firm already has a warehouse chain (Sam’s Club) for handling bulky items. Wal-Mart can also allow small retailers to sell their items through its website. This will increase the product range that customers can access by visiting the site. Additionally, the firm can charge a fee for allowing retailers to access its large client base.
References Our business [Internet]. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; [date unknown] [cited 2020 Feb 6]:[about 10 screens].
Stebbins S. Broad appeal: McDonald’s, Walmart top list of 25 most popular stores in America. USA Today [Internet]. 2018 May 24 [cited 2020 Feb 6]:[about 10 screens].
Walmart introduces exclusive money transfer service, cuts fees by up to 50 percent for customers [Internet]. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; [date unknown] [cited 2020 Feb 6]:[about 3 screens].
Energy Generation Industry in India Report essay help
Introduction The Ministry of Power is in charge of the power industry in India. The country has the fourth largest total energy consumption in the world; 1.052 terawatt-hours (TWh) (India Brand Equity Foundation 2015). Companies are divided into generation, transmission, and distribution segments of the industry.
There are central, state, and private levels under the production division, with each sector giving companies different opportunities for involvement. The primary sector, also referred to the public sector undertakings (PSUs), makes up 29.78 per cent of the industry in terms of total installed capacity.
State-level corporations whose mandate is limited to particular states contribute 41.10 per cent of India’s electricity while private sector enterprises command 29.11 per cent of the industry.
Maharashtra leads in electricity generation among all the Indian states. The country has a total electricity demand projection of 950,000 MW by the year 2030. Power sources in India are thermal, hydroelectric, nuclear, and alternate sources.
Thermal sources contribute about 65 per cent of the total production, followed by hydroelectric sources at 22 per cent and nuclear sources at 3 per cent. The private sector in India generates electricity from coal, gas, and diesel as the primary thermal sources.
Coal is the most popular thermal source, accounting for about 57 per cent of the total electricity generated. Gas and diesel generated electricity have about 8 per cent and 0.6 per cent of the thermal share respectively. The Power Grid Corporation of India transmits about half of the total long distance bulk power in the country.
It operates an interconnected transmission system in five main regions, namely northern, eastern, southern, northeastern, and western regions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Identification and descriptions of the structure of the industry The Indian energy sector is highly regulated. The power industry consists of regulatory authorities that demand flexibility and compliance to rules from the industry participants.
PESTLE Analysis of the Indian Power Sector
The government policy on the power sector focuses mainly on urban centres, with rural centres relying on special budgetary interventions to receive state-sponsored resources for electricity distribution. The present setup of the industry leaves the government annual budget as the main funds’ source.
On the other hand, India has state governments that charge different power tariffs to distributors. Companies in the industry have to grapple with various pricing regimes.
The state government and national governments offer subsidies to companies engaged in electrification as part of a policy to increase electricity access to all the citizens in India (Sharma, Nairb
Habits and Buddhism Essay (Article) cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Conceptualizing Buddhism Psychology on One’s Actions
Controlling Negative Habits Using Karma
Introduction Buddhism psychology refers to bad habits as the intentions of acting in a harmful manner. The concept of the bad habit is nonexistent if the intention to do harm to self or others is not manifested. In order to prevent bad habits, an individual must trigger a mental action that inhibits manifestation of ill intentions.
In normal circumstances, a well-intended action leads to benevolent deeds. However, ill-will is a major motivator for vicious deeds. The control over the mind is considered integral in Buddhism psychology.
From this perspective, environmental protection depends on human actions. Modern Buddhism psychology is integral in shaping human perspective about environmental protection.
From a Buddhist perspective, having positive thoughts about environmental protection is a good intention. If an individual’s intention towards others and the community are positive in nature, then the probability of engaging in destructive activities is minimal.
For example, concern for others in the community is vital in avoiding negative deeds such as the excessive emission of carbon. Apparently, carbon emission and related pollution activities are referred as biodegradation activities.
Moreover, positive mentality towards saving the world from global warming and other detrimental environmental activities is necessary. Buddhism psychology establishes some of the fundamental concepts that can help in controlling spiteful intentions towards the environment.
In this regard, Buddhism psychology plays a pivotal role in changing negative habits or negative thinking about environmental protection to positive actions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conceptualizing Buddhism Psychology on One’s Actions In Buddhism psychology, the intention is considered an important mental event or process. Apparently, the intention directs the mind about execution of an action. Therefore, the intention enables the mind to determine whether human beings should engage in virtuous, neutral or non-virtuous behaviour.
The consequences of ill-will or bad intention are referred as Karma. The cause-effect relationship of an action and subsequent reactions is that the end-results depend on the original intent and human will.
Karma has two classifications that are referred as the intended action and action of intention. Intended action entails verbal or physical expressions. On the other hand, action of intention is the impulse or thought to act in physical or verbal manner.
From a psychological perspective, an individual is susceptible of executing the action of intention before the intended action.
In Buddhism psychology, the action of intention is not immediately established from an individual desires to act. For some time, the individual contemplates with the desire to act until the same matures to an intended action. In addition, this contemplation is referred as Karmic seeds.
From this perspective, the concept of karmic seed is referred as developing the action of intention into a real action. The karmic seed concept determines whether the mind manipulates a verbal or physical action into a positive or negative action.
Controlling Negative Habits Using Karma Since negative habits are as a result of Karmic seed, it is ideal to destroy the same though Buddhism. The four powers of purification are major elements in Buddhism psychology. Apparently, the four powers of purification are integral in controlling the manifestations of the Karmic seeds.
We will write a custom Article on Habits and Buddhism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More First, the power of object is critical in changing an individual’s negative habit. For example, an individual’s experience in environmental pollution or degradation is enough to change negative habits. However, this power of purification is effective if the object in question is the environment, people or community.
Secondly, the power of regret should be observed when controlling negative habits. In this context, an individual is required to contemplate on past actions and misdeeds and regret on the same if harm was realized. In this regard, harm resulting from environmental degradation should be highly regretted.
Thirdly, an individual is required to exercise the power of the promise when changing from negative to positive habits. The third power entails promising of never repeating the same misdeeds. The third power is integral in avoiding activities that degrade the environment.
In Buddhism psychology, the third power requires the utmost honesty in order to change negative habits effectively. Finally, the power of practice is important in establishing activities that protect the environment from further degradation. The forth power entails positive thinking and acts as motivation to an individual.
From a Buddhist perspective, activities such as offerings and reciting mantras are critical in maintaining the power of practice. Making environmental protection a cultural practice is integral in developing positive habits that conserve nature.
From the four laws of Karma, bad habits do not go unpunished. In this regard, individuals destroying the environment should realize that nature is unforgiving.
Conclusion Buddhism psychology analyzes the intention of the mind and how the same can be changed into positive habits. Buddhism psychology is developed from the preset of reversing the real action once the intention to action is changed. Apparently, negative habits that include environmental destruction are manifested in the mind.
Moreover, the mind is easily manipulated by an intention. Therefore, Buddhism psychology is critical in understanding the mind and changing subsequent actions into positive habits that protect the environment.
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Personal Development Plan Argumentative Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Introduction A Personal Development Plan (PDP) is cited in literature as a key step in defining and exploring one’s goals, and mapping out ways of turning the same goals into reality.
The Keynote Project (2002, p. 1) for example observes that students can use PDP to articulate the skills they are developing in the present and match the same to “opportunities in the future”.
Cassidy (2012, p. 1) provides a more succinct definition of PDP by terming it a “form of self-managed learning that is owned by the individual and enables a strategic approach to setting learning and development goals”.
In an educational setup, it would be expected that PDPs will enable students to receive feedback that will assist them in their personal and professional development, and benefit them with the feedback provided by their tutors.
In this writer’s case, PDP will be used as a tool for managing own development. Additionally, the PDP as articulated hereunder will provide this writer with an opportunity to expand on own personal, academic and professional horizons.
In other words, this exercise provides this writer with an opportunity to take stock of own position; set goals; and use the unique skills and competencies in the academic as well as the professional setup now and in the future.
Additionally, the writer will identify areas that need more effort, and as such, will intentionally pay more effort in such areas in future in order to become effective in present or future roles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overall, it has been suggested that PDP is important for people who need (or are forced by circumstances) to take responsibility of “their own development and follow-through” with the same (Cassidy 2012, p. 1).
Interpreted, the aforementioned means that every learner needs to use PDP not only because higher learning requires a degree of independent learner-directed learning, but also because it helps the students to identify what their learning needs are, and thus work towards fulfilling the same.
Acculturation Acculturation has been has defined as “a dual process affecting members of two or more cultural groups as each adapts to the presence of the other” (Barjesteh
The Relevance of the Claim ‘Might versus Right’ in Policy Analysis Case Study college admission essay help
Introduction Policy analysis is an essential element of making public policy. A policy constitutes a number of aims and various specified activities that aid in resolution of public problems once they are implemented (Lyhne 2011, p.321).
Alternatively, a policy can be defined as any action that a government considers as right or wrong for its people (Ridde 2009, p.939).
In the process of making public policy, the contribution of policy analysis is critical in case a government makes various decisions in the effort to resolve certain problems that attract social attention without success in the realisation of the specified objectives.
Policy analysis entails determination of the best policy among a range of possible alternatives that would lead to achieving pre-set goals and objectives in the most subtle manner (Dye 2007, p.21). Policy analysis is divided between descriptive and analytical, and prescriptive analysis (Fischer, Miller
Wordsworth’s Vision on Childhood and the Basic Themes Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Representation of Poverty and Fragility
Childhood as an Alternative Philosophy of Life
While deliberating on the perception of childhood, Wordsworth’s poems focus on the power of real action and suffering. In particular, We Are Seven expresses “…the perplexity and obscurity which in childhood attend our notion of death, or rather our utter inability to admit that notion” (Lyrical Ballads xiii).
Therefore, the poet reveals the reluctance of the main heroine to be separated from her brother and sister. The little girl fails to realize that she does not have connection with her siblings any more. Her inability to understand death makes her stay in an imaginative world in which nature interferes to keep the heroine from realizing her isolation.
As a result, the poet uncovers the Romantic view of the reality, as well as impossibility to perceive death as a natural act.
The poem is also endowed with a sociological perspective through personification introduced in language. Thus, the girl is forced to answer questions, as if she is polled by authorities who seek to control the population. Therefore, Blank argues, “[Wordsworth] wants the child to comprehend the ides of loss and his determinative” (122).
However, the girl is not ready to accept this idea and, therefore, her story is about innocence and denial of reality, which is typical of all children from a psychological perspective. From the poet’s viewpoint, the story is more associated with his own experience.
As a result, the poet refers to the representation of the Fall, the metaphor that allows Wordsworth to render the transition between youth and adulthood, reason and emotion, gain and loss, experience and innocence.
There is a sophisticated debate concerning the child’s response to death. In particular, it is difficult to understand whether this notion render’s the girl’s denial or acceptance. In this respect, Blank argues that Wordsworth must uncover his own experience of losing his parents before he grew up (Lyrical Ballads 122).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The notion of death, therefore, is ambiguously represented, particularly in terms of its introduction of emotional development of the heroine. Overall, the poem can be explained as the Wordsworth’s intention “…to articulate his own unresolved thoughts and feelings about death” (Blank 122).
Moreover, We Are Seven points to the poet’s evident separation from his own perception of childhood.
Similar to We Are Seven, the poem Alice Fell: Or, Poverty starts with delivering an expectation of supernatural power. The poet driven by his searching is distracted by a strange sound: “I heard the sound – and more and more It seemed to follow with the chase And still I heard it as before” (Alice Fell: Or, Poverty 13).
However, this chasing has nothing in common with the supernatural because the sound is produced by the orphaned girl’s weeping. The child’s psychological state, predetermined by the destruction of a cloak, is still a mystery and is perceived as a supernatural phenomenon by an author.
In this respect, Aers et al. emphasize, “Alice Fell shows a child teaching the poet about the mysteries of the ‘human heart’ [and] the capacity of strong emotion to attach itself to apparently trivial objects” (59).
Therefore, Alice Fell: or Poverty sheds light on the mysterious, imaginative representation of the world where symbolic and spiritual meanings of the objects prevail over their material value.
The nature of child’s mind creates new dimensions of understanding events, phenomena, and actions surrounding those (Aers et al. 60). More importantly, the poetic works represent Wordsworth’s deviation from the orthodox depiction of children’s portrayal.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Wordsworth’s Vision on Childhood and the Basic Themes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Although Wordsworth’s poems under analysis refer to the period of childhood, particularly to the description of emotional and spiritual dimension, the poet still represents it in the opposition to adulthood, which confronts the artificial world fraught with industrial innovation and machines.
The nature of children’s consciousness is pure and innocent, but it still depends largely on adult support and assistance. Therefore, both poems introduce adult narrators who ask children of their grief, concerns, and problems (Aers et al. 60).
In such a manner, the poet stresses the evidence difference between stereotypical thinking of adults and freed and unlimited flows of thoughts among children.
Representation of Poverty and Fragility Before referring to the poems under analysis, it should be stressed that Wordsworth’s poetry sheds light on his realization of the orthodox theological ideological perspective regarding poverty. However, his poetical works tend to reproach the orthodox Anglican view (Snow 79).
This criticism seems be consistent with the themes covered in We Are All Seven and Alice Fell: Or, Poverty. During this period, Wordsworth questions the conservative perception of the poor, particularly its relation to the sorrows and grief of orphan children suffering from such an attitude.
The denial of the orthodox theology and traditional moral stands provides a wider picture on the sources and nature of poverty as represented in the poems.
In the poem Alice Fell: Or, Poverty, the orphan girl weeps over hen broken cloak and accepts a present of a new one from a rich stranger. The cloak, therefore, is both the representation of material versus spiritual values that are differently perceived by a little child and an adult stranger.
In the poem, the narrator also tries to comfort the child by addressing her destination, which he mistakenly associates with her family (Sandy 94). In contrast, We Are Seven portrays an adult’s attempt to reassure that her siblings are dead and the girl should accept this as the only truth.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Wordsworth’s Vision on Childhood and the Basic Themes by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More With regard to the above, the poet focuses on the fragility of the children’s emotional and psychological state and their dependence on other people. The needs for patronage and protection is another important attribute of childhood, as viewed by Wordsworth.
Due to the fact that We Are Seven and Alice Fell: Or Poverty refers to different periods of Wordsworth literary work, the latter also reproduce the theme of childhood that strongly correlates with the poet’s representation of poverty. In particular, Aers et al. state that poverty “…becomes the occasion of tender sentiment rather than indignation” (58).
The closing lines of the poem assume that the charitable act and pity are the main constructs of humanity. Therefore, charity is considered the evident relation between poor and rich, which resolves the misery of the child living in poverty.
Hence, the author introduces the transition from the grief-stricken Alice to the “Proud Creature” as a result of the donation. Moreover, Alice Fell: or Poverty provides an alternative definition of poverty by deviating from the material poverty and focusing on the gap between the rich and the poor created by emotionally elevating experience.
Although Wordsworth’s We Are Seven does not directly relate to the theme of poverty, its connotative meaning is closely associated with the life and destiny of orphan children. In particular, the very fact that children died of the disease points to the deplorable situation in the family.
Besides, the girl is an orphan because her mother is buried with her brother and sister. In addition, the poem also refers to the topic of fragility of infants’ soul and their peculiar attitude toward such notions as loss, death, and despair.
Both poems, therefore, provide an identical approach toward analyzing poverty and fragility of children’s emotional and psychological state, as well as their inability to accept reality as it is.
In Alice Fell: or Poverty, the poet also refers to the fragility and vulnerability of the children’s soul and mind, as well as their peculiar vision and acceptance of the surrounding world.
In particular, the author emphasizes that the period of childhood closely relates to the period of shaping the self. Although Alice Fell: Or, Poverty, does not refer to the concept of maturity, the poet still focuses on the construction of traditional views on self-definition.
By mediating poverty, the author constructs the heroine’s identity and her social and cultural background. Moreover, there is an apparent separation between adults and children in the poetry to emphasize the peculiarity between two groups.
Once again, childhood, as represented in the poetry, is romanticized by Wordsworth and delivered through imaginative dimension to emphasize innocence, sincerity, and inspiration.
Childhood as an Alternative Philosophy of Life Wordsworth’s poetry is distinguished by plain, simple philosophical representation of the eternal confrontation between the rich and the poor, life and death, soul and body, material and spiritual. Within these perspectives, We Are Seven and Alice Fell: Or, Poverty also rely on these philosophical oppositions (Kumar 232).
While representing the moral dimension of the identified verses, the author focuses on the innate goodness of nature, which justifies the order of things in the world.
According to Kumar, “Wordsworth’s morality has a twofold implications: inspiration…that is to be got from our childhood experiences in the lap of nature, and a sense of obligation to fellow beings” (313).
Inspiration, therefore, is considered the highest moral foundation and the inherent part of natural life that is connected with the childhood concept. According to the poet, childhood experiences are foundational for people’s moral perceptions.
However, these childhood perceptions must be predetermined by nature, “the supreme source of morality, and the best instructor in the science or philosophy of morality” (Kumar 313). In the poem We Are Seven, Wordsworth refers to the nature as the main bridge between life and death: “I sit and sing to them.
An often after sun-set, Sir, When it is light and fair, I take my little porringer, and eat my supper there” (We Are Seven 20).
These lines refer to the girl’s denial of death as a real natural process which separates her from her siblings. Nevertheless, the narrator emphasizes that they are not alive and that the reality accepts the loss of close people.
Wordsworth’s prioritization of nature is closely associated with his childhood experience. In particular, the author believed that the utmost perception of nature was possible only during childhood, when our experience was not affected by rationality that is typical of adulthood (Rehder 211).
Children’s emotions are controlled by pure passion and are not inhibited by reason that distracts individuals from understanding their actual nature of feelings.
In this respect, the poem Alice Fell: or Poverty focuses on the transparent meaning of natural laws that guide human actions. In particular, the poet stresses, “Her very heart, her grief grew strong; and all was for her tattered cloak” (Alice Fell: or Poverty 15).
The little girl Alice Fell expresses her pure emotions and impart the cloak with spiritual significance.
While analyzing his poem We Are Seven, Wordsworth makes a philosophical reference to its content and focuses on “…moral attachment when early associated with the great and beautiful objects of nature” (xiii).
Within the context of moral philosophy, the poem refers to the opposite views of the girl and the speaker on such concepts as counting, death, and time. So, the author introduces an inner battle between adult and child within one person which hampers the transition from the imaginative world to reality.
The confrontation provokes psychological tension in the novel, as well as emphasizes the author’s strong attachment to the story described in the poem.
Although Wordsworth associated nature with goodness and morale, he still accepted the possibility of representing nature in the context of violence, aggression, and ugliness. However, these references do not dominate over the positive attributes of nature represented in his poetry.
According to Hartman, “the tempo of industrialization seemed to Wordsworth to encourage a rootless and abstract kind of existence, a man-made nature alienating us from Nature” (18). Such a perspective shows the evidence confrontation between natural origins and artificial intelligence.
In addition, the childhood way of thinking stands in the rigid opposition with adulthood and, as a result, Wordsworth’s poems reflect on the possibility of children to enter an alternative reality in which individuals and nature are more connected with each other.
At the same time, the poet assumes that children’s consciousness is foundation to further emotional and psychological development in future.
Conclusion In conclusion, Wordsworth creates his unique view on childhood in such poems as We Are Seven and Alice Fell: or Poverty through mediating such concepts as fragility, poverty, and philosophy of life.
To begin with, the poem discusses the concept of vulnerability and fragility of children’s mind due to their close connection with nature of morale. Close connection with nature also justifies children’s transparency and purity because the poet associates nature with positive attributes that confronts aggression, violence, and ugliness.
Moreover, Wordsworth’s vision of childhood is reflected through negative representation of adulthood that is more associated with rationalized approach to perceiving various concepts. Their strong attachment to material worlds prevents them from understanding the utmost moral principles.
Further, the theme of poverty interferes with the main ideas of both poems and relates to the childhood as a tool of mediating poverty. Finally, the philosophical perspective refers to the author’s representation of ambivalence of such concepts as soul and body, the rich and the poor, death and life.
Works Cited Aers, David, Cook Jon, and David Punter. Romanticism and Ideology: Studies in English Writing 1765-1830. London: Routledge, 1981. Print.
Blank, Kim. Wordsworth and Feeling: The Poetry of an Adult Child. US: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. Press, 1995. Print.
Hartman, Geoffrey. The Unremarkable Wordsworth. US: University of Minnesota Press, 1987. Print.
Kumar, Sarkar Sunil. A Companion to William Wordsworth. US: Atlantic Publishers
Supranational Organizations: NATO Evaluation Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Current and Most Significant Activities
Introduction A supranational organization refers to a union or a group of companies that have membership in multiple nations. A single business that qualifies this description can also be considered a supranational organization.
The nations relinquish part of their power through political, financial, and martial alliances with the view of advancing the core agenda of a supranational organization. This highlight suggests that organizations such as OPEC and NATO and unions such as the EU and NAFTA fit the definition of supranational organizations.
This paper discusses NATO’s purpose, its current and most significant activities, and its membership.
Purpose Supranational organizations advance the discourses of international relations that cover collective interactions that exist between international communities. These societies include homelands, persons, and even states (Nau 19). International organizations push the development agenda in different nations.
Martin and Simmons present the subject of international relations as a political science component that deals with issues of foreign affairs, including the contribution of supranational, multinational, and nongovernmental organizations to advancing the global defense, political, money-making, and social agenda (732).
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which is also referred to as North Atlantic Alliance pursues international relations discourses. However, it focuses on enhancing collective defense of member states in response to any external inversion.
NATO’s main offices are based in Brussels, Belgium. It was created following the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949. At its creation, its purpose was stated as maintaining general security around the globe.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, its purpose expanded to include curtailing the exploration of weapons of mass destruction, defense against terrorism following September 11 attacks, and addressing issues of cyber attacks (U.S. Economy par.5). It has also extended its mission to work as a political and military alliance to meet the changing battlefield demands.
In this extent, although its main purpose is to ensure security of the member states, it also serves the role of addressing any aggression that emanates from non-member states since any violence threatens peace and stability of North Atlantic region.
For example, during the 2014 NATO’s summit, Russia’s inversion of Ukraine was among the organization’s agendas, although Ukraine is not a member of the alliance.
Current and Most Significant Activities Since its formation, NATO has engaged in various activities that are consistent with its purpose. One of its most significant activities was its response to the threat of terrorism to member states by Al-Qaida and Taliban revolts.
The efforts of NATO to engage Taliban and al-Qaida insurgents in the war resulted in the spreading of the war into the North West parts of Pakistan. In 2004, NATO forces launched attacks to flash out and kill Taliban militia and al-Qaida insurgents who had sought refuge in Pakistan.
This situation led to the emergence of Waziristan insurgency in 2007. In May 2011, the US Navy SEALs managed to execute Osama bin Laden, the key player of al-Qaida. In less than a month following his killing, NATO began to work on a strategy to exit from Afghanistan.
During this time, the UN sought to engage the Afghan’s government and the Taliban insurgents in peace talks to restore tranquility so that NATO forces could exit from Afghanistan (Keppel, Jean-Pierre, and Ghazaleh 62). In Afghanistan, it deployed an excess of 84,000 troops during the peak of its operations (U.S. Economy par.5)
We will write a custom Essay on Supranational Organizations: NATO specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More NATO sent people to train Iraqi forces in the attempt to ensure stability in the Middle East region. It also enforced the ‘no-fly zone’ policy in Libya in 2011 following the passing of ‘Resolution 1973’ of the UN. The resolution called for a ceasefire. It permitted NATO military to take up the role of civilian protection.
This move led to the toppling and killing of President Gaddafi. NATO also participated in enforcing the ‘no-fly Zone’ policy in 1992 during the Bosnia war. In 1994, it shot down four airplanes that belonged to Bosnia after they had contravened the ruling.
It launched military strikes in Yugoslavia in 1999 and used its ACE force to provide humanitarian support to Kosovo’s refugees. In 2009, NATO participated in an anti-piracy assignment in the Gulf of Aden.
Membership Requirements NATO draws its membership mostly from North America and Europe. It has almost 30 associates. Its newest ones are Croatia and the State of Albania, which joined the body in 2009.
Others include, “Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada , Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, UK, and the US” (U.S. Economy par.11).
The business of NATO is handled by prime ministers or presidents of member states, ministers in charge of foreign affairs, and chief heads of the respective member states’ defense forces. The influence of member states is enhanced through alliances such as Istanbul Cooperation Initiative, Mediterranean Dialogue, and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (U.S. Economy par.12)
Conclusion Formed in 1949, NATO pursues political and military discourses that are aimed at shaping international relations to enhance peace and stability of its member States. This mission involves the prevention and reaction to external inversions, terrorism, and cyber attacks.
The organization accepts that peacekeeping is becoming a challenging task that needs intervention from external forces. Thus, to enhance territorial integrity of its member states, it seeks alliances across the globe.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Supranational Organizations: NATO by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Globalization has made it the business of all players in the world to ensure long-term peace in the transatlantic region since military forces from nations around this region cannot enhance peace and stability in the area without external assistance.
Works Cited Keppel, Gilles, Milelli Jean-Pierre, and Pascale Ghazaleh. Al Qaeda in its own words. Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2008. Print.
Martin, Lisa, and Beth Simmons. “Theories and empirical studies of international institutions.” International Organization 52.4(1998): 729–757. Print.
Nau, Henry. Perspectives on International Relations: Power, Institutions, Ideas. New York, NY: Palgrave, 2008. Print.
U.S. Economy. NATO: Purpose, History and Alliances, 2015. Web. .
Materials Requirement Planning at Space Age Furniture Case Study cheap essay help
Introduction Manufacturing companies are involved in the business of developing products from rudimentary materials.
In this paper, the author evaluates Space Age Furniture as a model manufacturing company. The author analyzes the concept of Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) and how it fits into the manufacturing spectrum. To this end, an MRP that is ideal for Space Age Furniture is developed.
A critical analysis of the case study reveals that the efficiency of Space Age Furniture as a manufacturing company can be improved through the adoption of a functional MRP. Consequently, the various elements of the recommended system are highlighted in this paper.
Specifically, the author will start by developing an MRP for Space Age Furniture Company. The system will be formulated using the information provided in the case study. Secondly, the author will recommend strategies that can be used to enhance sub-assemblies. To this end, lot sizes of one thousand will be used as the yardstick.
In addition, the author will analyze how overtime and inventory expenditures are related. An innovative MRP will be determined. The aim is to enhance the base figure used by Space Age. A comparison between manufacturing processes will be made.
The comparative analysis will be used to identify the recommended mode of operation. The comparison will be followed by a review of strategies that can used to monitor operations. Finally, the author will propose transformations that may benefit the company. The alterations are aimed at enhancing value for the consumer.
MRP for Space Age Furniture Company Developing an MRP requires three main elements. The Bill of Materials (BOM), Master Production Schedule (MPS), and Gross Requirements are the constituent elements of an ideal MRP (Vonderembse
Internship: Shadowing a Substance Abuse Counselor Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Abstract Overwhelming challenges of the 21st century force many people to use drugs, as they are unable to keep up with the pace of the contemporary life. Many people become addicts and they are unable to handle the issues associated with their addiction.
Therefore, counseling is coming to the fore, as counselors are able to assist drug addicts to quit their harmful habit and effectively integrate into the community. This paper dwells upon the internship at Legacy Services (New York). The intern shadowed a substance abuse counselor to gain the necessary experience for practice.
It is necessary to note that participation in sessions and multi-disciplinary staff meetings; observation and contribution to development of certain treatments strategies equipped the intern with the necessary skills and knowledge that will help him be an efficient drug abuse counselor.
Moreover, strong and weak sides of the Legacy Services are analyzed and conclusions are made. In the end of the work discussion of the main presented ideas is introduced. Recommendations and possible implications of the main ideas of the work are suggested.
Introduction Statement of the Problem
The issue of substance abuse counseling includes why people use drugs and to understand the effects on their health. It also considers the effects of drugs on one’s health as well as the resulting mental health issues because of substance abuse.
Substance abuse has been around for years,and individuals are not aware of how to identify and learn to cope with the challenges of addiction.
Additionally, behavioral assessments, intervention, multidisciplinary management, preparation, education, and program development and execution made huge changes in participants’ substance abuse behaviors (Babinski,Pelham,
Recruiting Top Talent Analytical Essay essay help free
Executive Summary Many businesses that have boasted of success know what it means to recruit and preserve top-talent human resources. Failure in almost all organizations is associated with poor workers and leadership.
Getting talented employees involves recruitment and selection processes that must be conducted properly if the company intends to boast of a talented workforce. Thus, the human resource deparent must learn the methods of hiring, recruiting, and retaining employees to maximize productivity.
This paper offers a review of various techniques that an organization can adopt to recruit and keep expertise. It comprises an annotated bibliography of authors from different industries such as the food-manufacturing sector and community banks among others.
The industries provide a broad scope from which organizations can borrow ideas. However, irrespective of the industry, it is a common agreement that organizations should enhance job satisfaction by offering lucrative compensation and training programs.
Introduction Employees form the most crucial asset in an organization. They help the organization to realize its key agenda of being the best in its industry. Hence, the issue of recruiting the best human resources is imperative for companies that wish to record a long-term success in their lines of operation.
This paper presents literature on the strategies that various industries have adopted to tap and maintain the best-talented employees. It also presents an annotated bibliography on the same subject.
Recruiting Top Talent Anita (2014) uses the machine data analytics industry to address the issue of recruitment in this sector. She regards getting and keeping top-notch talent as one of the main challenges that affect the industry. New opportunities will push entrepreneurs to adopt new business models to fit in the industry.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The increased demand from customers and high competition will pressure entrepreneurs to seek skilled employees and/or initiate skills to retain them. According to Anita (2014), recruiting and retaining staff can reduce the cost of operation while at the same time enhancing productivity.
Retention of experience employees enables entrepreneurs to survive in the competitive field. Hence, they must learn techniques to keep their staff members.
Coulter (2013) paints the picture of recruitment as it appears in the law sector. To offer quality services, law firms need to have partners that not only have a wide scope of the industry but also keep with the changes.
To ensure that they hire and retain staff members, law firms should strive to understand the goals and ambitions of their employees. They should keep them connected with the firms’ proceedings.
Moreover, Coulter (2013) asserts that law firms find it arduous to recruit employees who can give a sound legal advice to international clients who need foreign jurisdiction.
Despite the high rate of joblessness, organizations still fail to get competent employees. Moreover, even for those who are employed, According to Credit Union National Association (2012) shows how most of them remain dissatisfied because of the low remuneration and poor working conditions.
However, through cooperation, executives can successfully get proficient staff members. Some of the techniques for getting and keeping talented employees include treating human resources differently since not all of them have similar interests and personalities.
We will write a custom Essay on Recruiting Top Talent specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nonetheless, any company should strive to align the interests of employees with those of the company. According to Credit Union National Association’s vice president, Randy Kohout, executives should aim to understand what their staff members require in an effort to harmonize talent management processes with the workers’ needs.
It is important to offer orientation programs for new recruits to know the mission and objectives of the organization.
While recruiting employees, D’Uva (2014) says that it is important to ensure that the chosen candidate will fill the available position in the organization. It is also important for a company to have a succession plan. D’Uva (2014) reveals how most companies often have the most qualified employees.
However, the absence of a succession plan does not encourage employees to work hard. Moreover, competent staff members are also retained by lucrative compensation plans. Any company should restrict itself to offering not only the basic salary but also attractive allowances.
It should also cater for the welfare of its employees. One of the keys strategies for retaining employees is creating policies that will make employees feel that their effort is being recognized and rewarded by the firm.
During an interview session, it is necessary for an organization to have a panel to limit the chances of favoritism. Moreover, once a candidate is hired, he or she should be trained to perfect his or her skills while at the same time understanding and acclimatizing to the organization’s culture.
After the orientation is over, it good for the management to remain vigilant of the new recruits, evaluate their productivity, and/or assist them whenever they go wrong.
Dennis (2014) asserts that employers should conduct performance evaluation and reward employees who are performing impressively as a means of motivating them to continue working hard and/or encouraging other workers to perform better.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Recruiting Top Talent by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Dennis (2014) says that compensations should not always interlace with performance evaluation since this link may have a general demoralizing impact on employees.
Through comprehensive studies and interviews from leaders of some of the most successful organizations in the world such as Cisco, Ford, and General Electric, Devine and Syrett (2014) explain some of the techniques that companies can employ to retain their staff.
It provides practical steps through which companies can improve employee talent. Having performance appraisal programs that recognize and reward employee efforts is one of the techniques that Devine and Syrett (2014) claim can help in retaining workers.
The rapid political, social, and economic changes have created an environment where employees have to be quick in learning new skills. Although a company may recruit talented employees, their skills may soon be rendered irrelevant if the organization does not invest in training and motivating employees.
Fernández (2014) emphasizes the need to provide professional training programs to preserve the current workforce while encouraging creativity, innovation employee engagement in the activities of the firm.
Galpin, Whittington, and Maellaro (2012) use several examples of companies that succeed in selecting and retaining talented staff members. A good example is the Borland Software that retained 200 employees who could manage various programs after Lexington was acquired.
When identifying top talent, a company should consider individuals who demonstrate not only maturity but also the ability to maintain a healthy relationship with other workers. Such individuals can meet the general business strategy.
Moreover, Galpin et al. (2012) say that the key to retaining employees lies in the ability to engage staff in business activities, satisfying their needs, and motivating them towards accomplishing the goals of the organization.
Companies should also create policies that attract the labor force through measures such as issuing attracting benefits, allowing workers to balance their individual lives, and career.
Moreover, the book emphasizes the need for managers to harmonize the interest of employees from different generations and align them with the culture and practices of the company.
Retention policies should also reduce employee burnout by investigating the gaps that cause burnout and develop working conditions that limit exhaustion. Rewarding employees through promotions also encourages them to work harder. Motivated employees are able to devote most of their energy, skills, and time to serving in an organization.
They anticipate that their hard work will be reimbursed through career development. From another angle, food-manufacturing companies require constant skill development. Hence, the management can consider it important to introduce online courses that can keep employees with updated skills in the most efficient areas.
Conclusion Through the expositions that have been made in this paper, there is a need for employers to diversify their search for employees through other means such as internships and/or training programs. Organizations should invest in their employees since they (employees) determine whether they (organizations) can succeed or not in their diverse fields of operation.
Annotated Bibliography Anita, S. (2014). Finding and Retaining Top-notch Talent Is the Biggest Challenge for Entrepreneurs. Siliconindia, 17(7), 12-12.
In this article, Anita identifies some of the developments and issues that affect the machine data analytics industry. The market has become more competitive because of the rapid technology advancement.
Anita estimates some of the future developments in the industry in areas such as sensors and connectivity. Anita helps readers to understand the general significance of proper recruiting and retention skills in an organization.
Coulter, S. (2013). Finding and retaining the best talent. Inside Counsel, 24(263), 16-16.
Coulter focuses on the need and benefits of getting and keeping competent employees in a law firm. He observes that law firms often face the challenge of leading their staff to cope with the changing legal world, maximizing profits, and minimizing expenses.
To eliminate these challenges, Coulter avers that law firms need to create a strong bond with employees where they (workers) are updated on new developments.
Credit Union National Association. (2012). Strategies for Retaining Top Talent. E-Scan Newsletter, 38(8), 1-2.
The article claims that the task of hiring and retaining should not solely lie with the human resource manager. Instead, it should be done through cooperation among executives.
Moreover, executives should assess the performance of the recruits after some intervals to help employees to know any shortfalls and strengths so that they can improve where necessary.
D’Uva, F. (2014). Attracting, Rewarding and Retaining Top Talent. Banking New York, 31(1), 10-11.
D’Uva reveals how community banks have rapidly developed within four decades. Time is ripe for the industry to begin recruiting and retaining talented staff members. D’Uva offers exhaustive steps that ensure that a company keeps its staff members.
The article emphasizes the need to create reward programs to attract potential employees whilst motivating the existing staff officials.
Dennis, D. (2014). Top Talent: How to Hire
Risk Implications for International Businesses Essay essay help online
Introduction The development of international business and the fickleness of the global market have increased the need to for organisations to initiate proper foreign exchange risk management strategies.
When companies trade their products and services in the international markets and/or receive payments in the form of foreign currencies, an adjustment in the exchange rates leads to the risk of reducing companies’ income.
For instance, in1997, the East Asian bloc revealed how a volatile currency exchange rate can influence trading. Most companies and investors found it difficult to cope with the radical exchange rate adjustments.
Being the most vulnerable state with respect to global trade, Malaysia suffered a huge loss. Any Malaysian businessperson who exported products to India faced huge losses because of the tremendously depreciated Rupees.
These risks are frequent in the global trade and finance. Most international investors have opted to stay away from the international business because of their inability to tackle the foreign exchange risk.
Thus, companies that seek to utilise the global market must be aware of risks that they are exposed to and/or learn to manage them. This paper critically analyses the risk implications for international businesses with reference to money management and foreign exchange risk.
Description and Types of Foreign Exchange Rate Risks Foreign exchange rate risk refers to the impact of unanticipated exchange rate adjustments on a company. It translates into an express debit due to the evident vulnerability or oblique deficit through a company’s currency movement and property.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To overcome the exchange rate risk among multinational companies’ activities, the businesses should determine the risk they are susceptible to and the means to prevaricate it (Tóth 2014). Foreign exchange rate risk affects firms that have transactions in more than a single currency.
Their customers in foreign countries do their payments using the respective countries’ local currency. Other firms are also indirectly affected because they heavily depend on imported items and services. Foreign exchange rate risk should be controlled particularly if influences the rate of a firm’s profitability.
In instances where other key activities of the firms are more than the monetary services, the company should then strive to ensure that its key activities are not susceptible to foreign exchange rate risk (van der Laan 2013).
Exchange rate risks often occur in three forms, namely transaction risk, translation risk, as well as economic exposure. Transaction risk comprises the effects that the exchange rate has on the committed cash flow.
According to Sribunnak and Wong (2006), the risk entails the degree to which foreign exchange values influence individual transactions. These risks include the duty to pay for products and services at the initially agreed costs, as well as the monetary lending in the form of foreign currencies (Tóth 2014).
On the other hand, translation risk refers to the impact of exchange rate on the firm’s consolidated balance sheet. It involves the current interpretation of the previous events (Attila 2014). Translation risk has an insidious impact on the company with reference to foreign exchange transactions.
In the case of economic exposure, it refers to how the adjustments in the exchange rates will influence the future global revenue capability (Al-Momani
Business Regulation: Government or Self-regulation Essay college essay help: college essay help
Introduction The government and business participate in the process of executing their respective economic roles. The government plays the role of governing by controlling and directing people on how to carry out their economic activities.
The administration controls and guides various state parties or persons who have the power of developing the courses of action. Business entities constitute one of the parties within a state, which the government has a share in their operations.
Business entities encompass all organizations that engage in the trading of goods and services. Governments and business entities demonstrate a mutual relationship.
Businesses thrive in environments in which the government has established policies to guide their conducts through the enactment and development of authoritative rules or a condition that customarily governs behavior while not curtailing businesses’ fundamental freedoms.
For example, businesses must serve the interests of the communities. Thus, the government ensures equal public participation in business processes. Should the government engage in the regulation of all businesses, including their decision-making process and the setting of their policies?
This paper addresses the role of government regulation on businesses. The goal is to determine whether businesses should operate as free entities by ensuring deregulation.
The Role of the Government in Regulating Businesses The government plays a proactive role in ensuring a fair play of businesses in the process of executing their functions. In all markets, the government regulates the conduct of business players. Indeed, even in liberalized markets, businesses should be monitored to avoid unethical practices among the competing entities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The government safeguards the environment, promotes fair labor practices, and/or guarantees healthier working conditions while at the same time setting the minimum wage for workers. Businesses also have a responsibility of developing their self-regulatory models.
However, the government should play the ultimate role in ensuring that the set standards are met and that all stakeholders operate within the laid down regulations.
Organizations are established to perform different functions depending on whether they are profit-making or non-profit-making entities. For profit-making organizations, their strategies are developed consistently with the profit maximization behavior in mind.
Thus, business strategies are formulated in accordance with the need to enhance the performance of a firm in the short and long term. Rumelt, Schendel, and Teece (2009) provide evidence for this assertion by claiming, “As never before, strategic management academics have adopted the language and logic of economics” (p. 5).
The magnitude of profit is one of the most crucial parameters to measure business performance. In this context, neoclassical economics firms are characterized by profit maximization.
Such firms make products through the deployment of cost-analysis formulas that ensure that marginal revenues are equal to marginal costs. While increasing profit levels, minimal costs should be less than marginal revenues.
Without appropriate regulation, the profit maximization behavior may be explored as a business policy without paying ardent consideration to the negative consequences of their cost reduction strategies on stakeholders.
We will write a custom Essay on Business Regulation: Government or Self-regulation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, the government needs to engage in business regulations to protect the interest of various stakeholders who may be harmed by a business entity when it is permitted to make decisions without appropriate guidance.
The government has interest in the regulation of businesses in the context of various issues such as health, safety standard in administrative centers, wages and salaries, advertising, imposition of taxes, and other items that relate to employee fundamental rights.
Organizations increase their profits by pushing the maximum number of products to the market. This process involves promotion through advertising. Organizations can engage in unethical practices in advertising simply to make high sales if not controlled by the government.
This claim means that through regulation, the government ensures that all marketing efforts guarantee that the target audience gains the highest good from the products. This role is well played out by the US government through its regulation of business entities.
For example, FDA has different regulations on the advertisement of pharmaceutical products. In case of advertisements of products with claims, an organization must make a fair balance in the advertisement through the inclusion of the likely risks in “major statement’ and ‘adequate provision’ for access to ‘brief summary’” (Ventola, 2011, p.682).
This strategy helps to avoid the transfer of product risks to their intended consumers who are targeted by business entities’ advertising campaigns.
In the US, state and federal laws protect individuals and organizations’ intellectual properties (IP). Thus, one of the issues that relate to IP entails theft or infringement of copyright. The IP bears national and international perspectives.
National laws and regulations control and protect patents. International conventions guarantee that the licenses have specific rights while also ensuring that laws exist to enforce the rights in contractual relationships.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Business Regulation: Government or Self-regulation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Legal litigation involving IP resolves the question of whether the defendant has copied the claimed work or invention or whether the plaintiff owns the claimed work.
Therefore, through regulation by means of legislation, the government ensures that the operations of a business entity do not lead to infringement of other state parties’ rights.
These expositions reveal how the government plays the role of ensuring a fair play in business practices and relations through the development and implementation of regulations with which business entities must comply.
The government plays an essential role in regulating businesses to ensure environmental sustainability. To this extent, companies are required by state organizations that are in charge of regulating business conducts, especially if they interfere with the environment, to ensure that they produce and distribute green products.
Indeed, ensuring sustainable modern supply chains is essential for businesses, especially following the heavy emphasis on producing and giving out green products in the effort to curb environmental degradation.
Adopting green business strategies is not only a measure for ensuring sustainable long-term business operations but also a measure for ensuring that an organization behaves and acts in a socially responsible manner.
This claim reveals how government regulation can help businesses to develop strategies for ensuring environmental cautiousness by setting acceptable standards in relation to waste generation and disposal.
Although individual states have environmental regulations, government agencies and international treaties may also create additional directives.
For example, in the US, the Environmental Protection Agency plays the role of enforcing various environmental laws that are enacted by the federal governments.
It accomplished this mission through inspections, enhancing, and ensuring transparency and accountability in business operations to the environment. It also guarantees compliance with the established laws.
Apart from the environment, the labor sector is another crucial area of government regulation. Businesses face the changing government regulations. In fact, employment and labor constitute one of the areas that the government has an interest in establishing rules in a bid to safeguard the interests and rights of workers.
In the US, employment and labor laws relate to the regulation of minimum wages, compliance with health standards, safety in the work environments, equality in terms of accessing employment opportunities, and privacy regulations among other issues.
One of the most important mechanisms for regulating employment and labor is ensuring employees’ freedom to choose to remain employed by a business establishment without any coercion. In the US, the government ensures that businesses respect this right through the employment-at-will doctrine.
With an exception of Montana, in all regions in the US, employment contracts are guided by the employment-at-will doctrine. In other nations, employment dismissals are based on reasonable causes.
States that retain the at-will-presumption assert that the law is essential in respecting contract freedoms and/or ensuring employer reverence. Instead of job security, most employers and employees prefer the presumption.
The employment-at-will doctrine holds that employers have the right and freedom of terminating employee(s) at any particular time for whatever reason they deem necessary apart from an illegal purpose and/or when an organization does not incur any liability.
The doctrine also allows employees to quit their jobs any time without giving any reason or having to issue a notification. Once they follow this path, they should not face any legal consequence.
Government regulations of conducts of businesses through doctrines such as the employment-at-will attract criticisms to the extent that some companies may capitalize on the available loopholes to disadvantage some employees.
For instance, the at-will presumption gives employers the freedom to alter employment terms without giving prior notice and/or without attracting any legal consequences. This observation means that employers can change wages and salaries and withdraw certain benefits without any legal liability.
Therefore, in the absence of any modification, the laws open employees to the vulnerability of arbitrary dismissals or being called for work without following any schedule to meet the employers’ needs.
In many states, including South Carolina, contractual terms modify the employment-at-will doctrine. For instance, employers and employees can enter into contracts with the provision for termination in an event of a cause.
In South Carolina and other states, apart from Montana, negotiations for contractual employment terms are mainly done with top-ranking employees only.
This situation leaves low-ranking employees with the collective bargaining as the only option for modification of the employment-at-will doctrine that is anchored in employment and labor laws.
This case suggests that the adherence to proper principles of protection of employee rights also requires not only government regulations through laws, but also the willingness of businesses to participate with goodwill in the development of policies for protecting employee employment relations.
Should the Government Intervene to Protect Culture, Enforce Minimum Wages, Safety Standards, and/or Prevent Unjust Discrimination?
Profit-making businesses embrace bargaining economic models in realizing their objectives. The model “presumes that an organization is a cooperative, sometimes competitive, resource distributing system” (Barney 2007, p.68.).
Competitiveness in the allocation of resources is enhanced through strategies, for instance, cost reduction in relation to the anticipated returns on investments.
In this context, Collins and Jerry (1996) reckon, “Decisions, problems, and goals are more useful when shared by a greater number of people with each decision-maker bargaining with other groups for scarce resources, which are vital in solving problems and meeting goals” (p.87).
The proclaimed goals refer to the aims and objectives of an organization as stipulated in the businesses’ action plans and terms.
Strategic plans establish action plans that are established in the implementation plan procedures (Barney 2007). The concept of cost reduction that is embraced in business strategic management approaches is analogous or even equal to the cost elements that are used in profit-maximization models.
For maximum profits, costs must remain low. In some situations, this process may involve the cutting down of labor costs and/or reduction of benefits provided to employees.
Therefore, the government needs to get involved to ensure that businesses provide wages and salaries that can enable employees to live a worthwhile life.
Under the principles of corporate social responsibility, businesses have a responsibility to ensure that they do not just serve their interest while ignoring the benefit of other stakeholders.
While this situation is expected to streamline business behaviors, checks are essential for businesses that fail to comply with corporate responsibility ethical requirements by exploring discriminatory policies, exploiting employees, and/or failing to ensure safety standards among other issues.
Therefore, the government needs to intervene to regulate businesses to enforce minimum wages, safety standards, and/or prevent unjust discrimination. Indeed, safety comprises an essential factor that many governments control across the globe. Protection may apply to workplaces and in products and services.
The US government ensures ardent regulation of businesses with respect to product safety. Product safety involves proper product labeling and description of packaged contents.
The ingredient that is described on the product label should not only match the contents, but also reveal the substances that are permitted by the Foods and Drug Regulation Administration (FDA) body. The FDA inspects mass-produced products to ensure that businesses meet this ethical requirement.
This plan ensures that unethical businesses do not sell unsubstantiated products, which may cause damage to their consumers.
The government has the responsibility of ensuring that businesses do not explore discriminatory policies while employing people or evaluating contracts bids. The 2009 data from the US Census Bureau depicted a close relationship between small business populations’ racial and gender characteristic.
According to the data, women represented 28 percent of all active contractors. This figure corresponded to 28 percent of their total share of the population of people who engage in small businesses that focus on contracting or subcontracting with federal governments.
From the context of minority groups, data from the same organization showed that persons of color accounted for 24 percent of all active small business contractors against their population of 20 percent in the overall population of small businesses.
This data indicates that small business owners have equal opportunities in winning a federal contract, irrespective of gender, or racial demographic characteristics.
Apart from the federal governments, even in private business establishments, the government has a responsibility for ensuring equality and fair play among different business industry actors.
It is essential for the government to ensure that organizations do not engage in practices that lead to the exploitation of employees in terms of salaries and wages by regulating minimum payments and/or denying benefits such as health insurance.
It also needs to intervene to guarantee that unjust discrimination does not occur. However, it is essential to note that some otherwise considered discriminatory practices are beyond the government control.
Female small industrialists encounter challenges that are articulated to business formation and equal engagement in government contracts.
In the effort to ensure that the businesses overcome these challenges, the US government has created policies such as affirmative action to increase the number of minority-owned small business firms that can secure government contracts.
For instance, it has established a policy that requires the reservation of 5% of all contracts that are awarded by federal governments to minority-owned small businesses (Trechiel
Feminist Criticism Case Study cheap essay help
Identification of a Problem Hillary Clinton: Contradictions of Feminism and the 2008 Presidential Candidacy
The 2008 presidential candidacy primaries heightened the profile of women. The campaigns illuminated aspects of gender and feminism in the American society (McGinley, 2008). Hillary Clinton was contesting for the presidential candidacy.
The trail of the campaign and her past feminism views came to limelight. There were arguments that Hillary contradicted her feminism credo during the 2008 campaigns. The following is a prospectus that will be used for rhetorical feminism criticism in relation to Hillary Clinton’s 2008 presidential candidacy.
Feminism entails the advocacy of freedom, political and economic parity for all people (Dziedzic, 2012). According to Nudd and Whalen (2009), many women agree with ideologies that advocate for the feminist agenda.
Nudd and Whalen (2009) noted that the equality agenda by feminists sought to challenge the patriarchal systems experienced for many years. In the modern society, there are arguments that the modern world is past patriarchal system.
The arguments are augmented by young women and relate to statistics that point to many women in positions that traditionally were male dominated (Lopez, 2009). However, Nudd and Whalen (2009) noted that matters that affect gender identity are complex and fluctuate.
According to Nudd and Whalen (2009), the cultural, political and economic orientation of our society is male centered. The assertion by Nudd and Whalen (2009) imply that many aspects of the society focus on males.
The implied order goes against the arguments forwarded by young women that we are leaving in a post-feminist society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Despite the progressive feminism movements that advocate for parity in the different aspects of the society, Nudd and Whalen (2009) argue that the feminists are less concerned with achieving the liberation of women. Instead, they strive to satisfy the fantasy of males.
Therefore, the main aim of the project will be to provide adequate knowledge of whether Hillary Clinton’s political success was a feminist victory.
Statement of the Problem
The feminism movements experienced in the late twentieth century endeavored to address the issues of oppression and discrimination (Reynaud, 2004). The ideology of the movements was prompted by the interlocking systems that negated the role of women.
The movements’ arguments were that gender roles were advanced by the culturally constructed ideas about the male and female roles (Kuypers, 2009). Feminists argued that the society was sexist and discriminated women based on the socio-economic circumstances.
Therefore, feminism sought to address the social system and structure issues that glorified the patriarchy. Then, the ideology advanced by the feminists was that women were supposed to arise and occupy positions that were male dominated (Nudd
The Future of Software Development Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
Software professionals continue to face various complex challenges while implementing Scrum. In a bid to seek answers to this difficult situation, software professionals have shown realistic approaches that have helped various software industries make Scrum an Agile progress.
The previous progress on software development will continue as long as software professionals and stakeholders do not relent on their passionate spirit of initiating change.
However, with the current multi-team projects and determination, Agile will succeed from project to project and help transform the entire software industry.
In order to succeed with Agile, it requires software professionals to create an understanding of not only the mechanics of the process, but also a motivated team. The team should always be ready to face new challenges as it accomplishes one task.
The Scrum methodology entails various difficulties such as the development of large and complex software programs that demand a high level of concentration and skill. A small mistake can easily break a program at its final stages of completion.
Relaxation of a team member during a production process can allow serious errors and complicate the entire process (Ghilic-Micu, Stoica
Value Chain Analysis for Amazon Report scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Amazon’s Core Competencies
Introduction From its launch in 1995, Amazon has grown to become the main choice for online shoppers across the world based on its array of quality products. Amazon Company’s success has been impressive, thanks to the company’s efforts to address its core competencies.
Using VRIO analysis, this paper discusses research and development, organization culture, customer relations, incumbent advantages, and branding as Amazon Company’s key competencies.
Amazon’s Core Competencies The Research and Development (R
Ribena Issues Mismanaged Case Study college essay help online
Introduction In 2008, GlaxoSmithKline [GSK], which is a well-established global pharmaceutical company, was entangled in a major legal tussle that arose from the ineffective application of strategic management practices. The legal situation involved two 14-year old schoolchildren from New Zealand who challenged the organisation’s marketing campaign.
In its advertising, GSK claimed that Ribena Drink, which is one of its products, was enriched with vitamin C. In an effort to ascertain the truth of the firm’s claims, the two girls undertook extensive tests. The results showed that the organisation’s advert was a hoax that aimed at marketing the product to the target customers.
The girls raised the issue to GSK through writing, but the organisation did not respond. This aspect prompted the girls to raise their concerns via a local media house, which broadcasted the issue through a local television consumer affairs program. The broadcast house raised the issue to the New Zealand Government Commerce Commission, which took GSK to court.
Subsequently, the organisation was fined for misleading the public. In addition, the company was ordered to correct the misrepresentation by placing a new advert in major print media [newspaper] in New Zealand. Jaques (2008, p.394) affirms that the action by the two complainants ‘triggered a sequence of events, which led to prosecution, public opprobrium, and international damage to an iconic brand’.
This paper entails a case study on the Ribena issue at GSK. The case study evaluates the strategic issues that GSK’s management team should have considered in order to avoid the legal and reputational effect.
Secondly, the paper identifies and discusses the possible barriers that might be encountered in addressing the legal and reputational impacts. The final part involves an evaluation of the implications of the suggestions identified in organisational and management practices from the risk management perspective.
Analysis The situation encountered at GSK was mainly due to poor management practices. Additionally, the management team did not appreciate the magnitude of the issue on the organisation’s corporate reputation. According to Page and Fearn (2005), corporate reputation is an indispensable element in organisations’ pursuit for excellence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Page and Fearn (2005) further accentuate that the consumers’ perception influences an organisation’s performance. Consumers have noticeably become more concerned with organisation’s behaviour in making decisions on store and product loyalty. This aspect underscores the existence of a strong correlation between organisational behaviour and consumer behaviour.
Since its inception, GSK has managed to penetrate the global market largely due to the extensive investment in product diversification. Consequently, the firm has gained remarkable global reputation. Additionally, GSK global success has also been enhanced by investment in extensive marketing.
The firm did not recognise the effect of ignoring the customers’ complaints on brand preference. Hur, Kim, and Woo (2014, p.76) emphasise that achieving ‘brand preference and stimulating demand are particularly challenging for a company with no reputation in a given product category’.
Moreover, organisations that do not have sufficient reputation experience challenges in developing credibility for their products. Managing corporate reputation leads to the development of positive moral capital, which protects an organisation from negative encountering negative stakeholder evaluation.
GSK should have considered a number of issues in order to avoid the legal and reputational situation that occurred. Some of the issues that the firm should have considered are evaluated and discussed herein.
Ethical advertising Despite the fact that GSK intended the marketing campaign to be persuasive, the firm failed to adopt effective practices that would have contributed to the attainment of the desired outcomes. Reast, Palihawadana, and Shabbir (2008) affirm that persuasive advertising is focused on establishing a strong bond, hence fostering long-term purchase intention.
The organisation’s marketing department should have ensured that it integrates ethical advertising practices (Biegler 2013). In a bid to achieve this goal, the organisation’s management team should have adhered to the stipulated legal and regulatory standards with reference to advertising.
We will write a custom Case Study on Ribena Issues Mismanaged specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Countries such as the US have established a Federal Trade Commission, which is charged with the responsibility of regulating advertising practices (Synder 2011).
In the event that there are no clear ethical standards for advertising, GSK should have advocated truthful advertising practices. On the contrary, the firm exaggerated the claim that one of the ingredients used in making Ribena included Vitamin C.
Thus, the advert was deceptive. Trehan and Trehan (2011) argue that a customer has the right to sue organisations based on deceptive advert.
Cramphorn (2014) is of the opinion that developing brand identity depends on the effectiveness with which an organisation nurtures a strong and positive emotional bond. However, ineffective advertising can hinder the development of such strong bond (Trehan
Edmodo in Saudi Secondary School EFL Instruction Critical Essay best essay help: best essay help
This paper analyzes the article by Fatimah Al-Kathiri called “Beyond the Classroom Walls: Edmodo in Saudi Secondary School EFL Instruction, Attitudes and Challenges” that was published in English Language Teaching journal in 2015.
The author describes the research of the employment of a digital tool called Edmodo in order to enhance the learning of English language and tests the suitability and efficiency of Edmodo.
The article’s title clearly reflects the focus and purpose of the research – to test the use of Edmodo in the classroom, mentions its location. The author explores a very popular subject – use of the internet and digital technologies in the teaching process.
Al-Kathiri starts with the establishment of the advantages of Edmodo confirmed by the researches of other scholars. These benefits include ability of the teacher and the students to interact beyond classroom, time saving possibility of sending and completing assignments online, and access to a variety of teaching methods and tools through the internet (Al-Kathiri, 2015).
Describing the disadvantages of Edmodo, Al-Kathiri (2015) mentions the lack of the teachers’ computer skills, unavailability of fast internet connection and modern digital devices, negative impact on health, and absence of body language present in real life interaction. The results of Al-Kathiri’s research show that Edmodo is a useful tool for both teachers and students.
Chada Kongchan presented a similar research. She tested the benefits and obstacles of the use of Edmodo in a Thai classroom.
The main difference between the two works is that Al-Kathiri evaluates the results and impressions of the students, while Kongchan includes the teacher’s perceptions into the calculation of results, and tests the difficulty of Edmodo adoption for a 57-year old educator (Kongchan, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The introduction of the analyzed article is relevant as it explains what Edmodo is, how it works and why its applicability in education is studied. The conclusion sums up the findings and adds recommendations to the use of Edmodo in EFL, but does not mention the results of the research directly.
The article demonstrates both positive and negative sides of the use of Edmodo, the aspects of its employment that challenged the learners and teachers the most. There is no biased interpretation of facts.
The author makes a claim about the Theory of Constructivism developed by Vygotsky and connects the idea of collaborative problem –solving to the group work online (Al-Kathiri, 2015). The author emphasizes that Edmodo as well as other digital teaching tools employs social learning which makes them especially efficient. The claim is relevant and to the point.
The vast majority of works cited by Al-Kathiri are reliable and recent, not older than 2000. Moreover, all of the sources referenced in the article are scholarly and reliable. Besides, the author refers to the works of the scholars of diverse background, not only the authors of Saudi Arabia.
The only old source used dates back to 1984 and is included as the source of a definition of the concept of attitude, which practically does not make it unreliable. The article is well built and provides logical and clear research with explained purposes, results and findings.
The study’s design includes introduction of the paper, exploration of the subject and its importance, description of the research process, presentation and discussion of the results. At the same time, I noticed a lot of misprints in the text of the article (missing spaces mainly).
The research presented by Al-Kathiri is relevant and significant for the field of education. The presentation and calculations are made without major flaws or errors. Control group was created to measure the results. The sample of the research featured the secondary students of Saudi Arabian female school.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Edmodo in Saudi Secondary School EFL Instruction specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The methods it employs are questionnaire, quantitative and qualitative analysis. The experiment can be replicated by another scholar. Discussing the results, Al-Kathiri presents the before and after data in tables and analyzes the variables in each section comparing them with each other to determine the level of success of the use of Edmodo.
The research collects statistics from 42 students and presents a specific sample of Edmodo’s efficiency in a particular group of learners, for wider statistics one is to compare the results of similar studies in other countries and among the learners of both sexes and different ages.
The author’s research does not only prove the efficiency to the use of Edmodo in the classroom, but also reveals the major challenges to the implementation of changes such as small screens of devices or slow internet connection. I find it clever that the author posted both positive and negative responses of the participants considering Edmodo.
Besides, the author uses a lot of references and quotes many similar researchers; this creates connectedness between her paper and all the other studies and emphasizes the importance and popularity of her subject. The aspect that confused me was the inclusion of “attitude towards EFL” scale into the questionnaire estimating advantages and disadvantages of Edmodo.
In conclusion, the article by Al-Kathiri explores a significant issue of the integration of the modern technologies into the teaching process. The research presented is reliable, careful and bias free.
The sources the author relied on are valid, diverse, recent and scholarly. The research can be duplicated by another party willing to test the efficiency of Edmodo in EFL or any other discipline. Overall choice of subject is contemporary and important.
Reference List Al-Kathiri, F. (2015). Beyond the Classroom Walls: Edmodo in Saudi Secondary School EFL Instruction, Attitudes and Challenges. English Language Teaching, 8(1), 189-204.
Kongchan, C. (2012). How a Non-Digital-Native Teacher Makes Use of Edmodo. ICT for Language Learning (5th ed.). Retrieved from https://conference.pixel-online.net/
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Business Continuity and Crisis Management Essay essay help online free
Introduction Managing business environment is one of the challenges which organisations have no control over. There has been escalation in crisis, disasters, and emergencies as many companies enter into the market (Tammineedi 2010, p. 79).
Moreover, it is essential for organisations in either the public or private sector to develop a suitable and effective Business Continuity Management (BCM). According to ISO 22301, BCM is a holistic management method of identifying potential threats to organisational activities.
BCM also provides a framework for which organisations build resilience to the identified threats and effectively respond (Rabelo, Sepulveda, Compton, Moraga,
Child Abuse Problems and Its Effects on a Future Child’s Life Report custom essay help
Several Challenges in Writing the Literature Review Writing a literature review is not an easy task for many students; still, in case certain instructions are given and taken into consideration, the task can be properly completed in time.
There are the three steps that should be followed while writing a review: to conduct research, create a structure, and keep in mind the main idea of the investigation (Ridley, 2012).
Each step may have the challenges a writer can face in completing this kind of work; this is why it is necessary to remember that as soon as a theme and subject are identified (Oliver, 2012), the work should begin.
The study under analysis focuses on the problems of child abuse and parental neglect and their effects on a future child’s life (Moylan, Herrenkohl, Sousa, Tajima, Herrenkohl,
Diagnosis and the Level of Traumatic Brain Injury Case Study essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents A Pre-Morbid Estimation
Assessment of Mary’s Post-Injury Intellectual Ability
Assessments of Cognitive Speed
Recommendations for Accommodations and Rehabilitation
The subject of the case study under consideration is a 17-year-old Latina girl, Mary S, who is delivered to a hospital unconscious with a head bleeding freely as a result of an unsuccessful pool jump from the second floor. She is given PET scans that help to define a number of injuries and the necessity to be placed on precautionary life support.
The level of TBI has to be defined by means of the analysis of the results of three types of tests: the Glasgow Coma Scale, the duration of post-traumatic amnesia, and the duration of the unconscious state (Lezak, Howieson, Bigler,
Education in Texas Report college admission essay help
Despite the fact that more students are likely to pursue higher education now, unlike ten years ago, the attainment of higher education credentials in Texas is still low.
Out of 883, 260 public school students in 8th grade, only 19.9% of these (175, 489) attained a certificate or degree program (National Center for Higher Education Management Systems report (NCHEMS), 2012. p. 2). Completion of education at this point is unlikely, and only slight improvements have been realized.
This is likely to take a great toll on the American economy because there will be no qualified workers to compete in the global workforce (The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education (NCPPHE), 2008).
The poor higher education credential patterns have prompted the need to establish student characteristics because they may be influential factors.
In comparison to the national trends in the pursuance of tertiary education, Texas is performing poorly. As a matter of fact, individuals will prefer to be enrolled in college in outside states, for example, Massachusetts, than in Texas (NCPPHE, 2008).
Only one in five students that complete their eighth grade complete postsecondary education in 11 years (NCHEMS, 2012). More female students than male students enroll for postsecondary education (10% higher), but more male students than female students complete postsecondary education (NCHEMS, 2012, p. 4).
Statistical reports for female progression in colleges in Texas versus the nation are 7.8% and 5.5%, respectively (NCHEMS, 2012, p. 7). Despite the fact that Texas performs well in relation to more females enrolling in higher education, the converse is the case for overall education credential as shown in the figure below.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Figure obtained from NCHEMS (2012, p. 7)
In Texas, enrollment in postsecondary institutions starts after 8th grade. Enrollment can be in a private or public college/university because these are the available postsecondary institutions. A high school diploma is not essential for one to enroll in postsecondary education.
In a report by the National Center for Education Statistics (2010, p. 5), Texas was among those states with the highest number of Hispanics (36-45%).
Given the wide disparities between enrollment and completion of postsecondary education among the white students (majority group) and minority groups, the high population of the minority population in Texas justifies the poor performance of education in Texas (NCHEMS, 2012).
Despite disparities in data over time, Texas and Florida, perform poorly in collegiate graduation rates across all races and ethnicities in comparison with the nation (NCHEMS, 2012). It is the city with the largest population in Texas, and attainment of education at tertiary institutions in Houston is equally low.
In comparison with national data, higher education attainment rates in Texas based on race and ethnicity are lower (NCHEMS, 2012, p. 7).
We will write a custom Report on Education in Texas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Despite the fact that the data presented are irrefutable, I somewhat tend to disagree with the grade (C-) given to Texas in completion of higher education due to the inconsistencies in data generation (NCPPHE, 2008, p. 18).
The current databases may not be comprehensive because records may not exhaust all data, and especially, from private and proprietary education institutions. I can only hope that the situation improves given the fact that Texas is trying hard to invest in education and encourage more students to acquire postsecondary school credentials.
The characteristics of students in today’s world are very different from those of students in earlier times. The world has become a global village with highly defined technology.
Therefore, students are more competitive as each tries to establish his or her path of success, and lack of proper education to college/university means that one is not able to survive in the competitive world.
Houston, Texas is well known for its thriving economy. However the same cannot be said about its education system in relation to the pursuance of tertiary education.
In comparison to colonial times when education was not reinforced and was purely targeted at particular students in the preparation for high office jobs, students nowadays are all aware of the importance of education.
The success in the current world is largely pegged on employment in high-paying jobs, and education is its fundamental component.
References National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). (2010). Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Education in Texas by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS). (2012). A New Measure of Educational Success in Texas: Tracking the Success of 8th Graders into and through College. Web.
National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education (NCPPHE). (2008). Measuring Up 2008: The National Report Card on Higher Education. Web.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Ethnic Minorities Evaluation Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Overview
Program Evaluation Articles
Implications of the Research for Practice
Overview Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), as a counseling approach, takes into account an individual’s beliefs, behaviors, and thought processes during a psychotherapy session. In this approach, a counselor works with a client to discover unconstructive personal behaviors and beliefs and replace them with realistic thought patterns.
The aim is to alter specific thoughts and behaviors in order to transform a client’s feelings. Culturally aligned CBT approach has been used to treat depression and different anxiety disorders in ethnic minority clients.
In this paper, the efficacy of CBT in counseling ethnic minorities is investigated through a review of recent literature to identify the qualitative and quantitative research evidence for its use. It evaluates each study’s design, procedure, sample selection, and data analysis and interpretation to find out the degree of empiricism used in the research.
The evaluation has implications for CBT-based interventions applied to ethnic minority clients.
Quantitative Research Most quantitative studies support the use of CBT to treat various anxiety, PSTD, and depressive disorders. In a quantitative research article by Dwight-Johnson et al. (2011), the efficacy of a modified CBT used to improve the depression outcomes of 101 Latino clients residing in far-flung areas in Washington was evaluated.
The research design involved a randomized control trial/study (RCT) of phone-based CBT applied to Latino patients receiving care in a community clinic (Dwight-Johnson et al., 2011). The researchers used this approach to compare the effectiveness of CBT over standard care (antidepressant therapy) in promoting the outcomes of the subjects.
The RCT design was appropriate as the study sought for a cause-effect relation between phone-based CBT and depression outcomes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The research site was a rural health clinic (called Yakima Valley Medical Center) serving Latino patients. The researchers trained bilingual locals to recruit patients exhibiting depression symptoms, but without any cognitive, mood, or psychotic disorders.
Randomized groups of the recruited patients received eight sessions of phone-based CBT in Spanish/Latino. A CBT workbook adapted to suit the Latino culture was sent to therapists involved in the intervention.
The intervention focused on strategies to improve “behavioral activation and eliminate negative thoughts” (Dwight-Johnson et al., 2011, p. 939). The subjects’ depression outcomes were evaluated using a patient health questionnaire administered in two interview sessions (baseline and follow-up).
The study involved a convenient sample of 101 minority patients receiving care in a community-based clinic. The sampling technique used was convenience sampling, whereby the research assistants recruited eligible adult patients to participate in the study.
The subjects had to be Latino/Spanish speakers and patients with depressive disorders, but free of bipolar, cognitive, and psychotic disorders. These broad inclusion criteria ensured a representative sample as all eligible subjects from the accessible population could qualify to participate.
Additionally, the exclusion criteria used ensured that subjects with conditions (e.g., Bipolar) that may confound the outcomes of CBT were not enrolled.
The researchers used two statistical measures, namely, t-test and chi-square test to compare the depression outcomes of the two groups based on the interview data.
We will write a custom Essay on Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Ethnic Minorities specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They created a model based on the assessment of the outcomes of the two interventions at four periods (a categorical variable), namely, “baseline, six weeks, three months, and six months” (Dwight-Johnson et al., 2011, p. 941).
The results indicated that the ‘mean difference’ in depression outcomes between the group receiving standard care and the one under CBT for six months was 0.32. This implies that CBT, in combination with standard care, can enhance the outcomes of depressed minority clients.
However, this result was not statistically significant owing to the limited sample size used.
Ethnic minorities have an elevated risk of developing psychotic disorders due to discrimination. In an article, Rathod et al. (2013) assessed the efficacy of a CBT-based intervention modeled to treat psychosis in ethnic minority clients.
In this study, 33 subjects drawn from three ethnic minority groups in the UK, namely, African Caribbean, Black British, and Muslim communities participated in the research.
The design used was randomized controlled trial, whereby the subjects were randomly assigned to two groups, namely, the standard care (control) and CBT (experimental) (Rathod et al., 2013).
By comparing the outcomes of the two groups, the researchers were able to assess the efficacy of CBT in treating minority clients with psychotic disorders.
The study was conducted at two sites in the United Kingdom and involved subjects diagnosed with a psychotic disorder. The evaluation of their symptoms was done at the start of the CBT intervention, after the intervention, and at six-months after completing the treatment.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Ethnic Minorities by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At each point, the researchers evaluated their outcomes using two assessment tools: “the comprehensive psychopathological rating scale (CPRS) and the insight scale” (Rathod et al., 2013, p. 321).
In addition to completing these scales, subjects in the CBT group filled a patient experience questionnaire to indicate their views about the treatment. The CBT group received sixteen sessions of cognitive-behavior therapy offered by a counselor while the standard care group received drug therapy.
In this study, both the subjects and the assessors were blinded, which reduced bias in comparative testing.
The sampling procedure employed in this study was purposive sampling. A sample of 35 participants was selected from two medical clinics based on specific inclusion criteria. Eligible participants had to be from the ethnic minority groups in the UK. Additionally, only patients with a diagnosable psychotic disorder were included.
Two participants who did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded after the screening process. The remaining 33 were randomly selected into two subgroups of 17 (standard care) and 16 (CBT).
Data analysis involved intention to treat (ITT) and sensitivity assessments. The results indicated that the CBT (intervention) group had significantly reduced symptoms compared to the standard care group (Mean = 16.23 vs. 18.60), a difference of 11%.
The subjects in the intervention group had reduced delusions and hallucinations after completing the CBT sessions. Additionally, the CBT group reported high satisfaction with the intervention. These findings affirm the use of CBT to treat ethnic minority clients with psychosis.
A comparison between moderately and severely depressed individuals can give insights into the efficacy of CBT versus drug therapy.
A study by Saddique, Chung, Brown, and Miranda (2012) aimed at establishing whether the level of depression influences the effectiveness of CBT versus antidepressants in the treatment of depressed young minority groups.
The research design involved a randomized control trial of economically disadvantaged young black and Latina women. This design enabled the researchers to assess the post-treatment effects of CBT versus medication between the severely depressed and moderately depressed groups.
The sample comprised of women who were from diverse minority groups, uninsured, and having a diagnosable depressive disorder. Data collection occurred at six months and at one year. Baseline depression levels of the participants were obtained using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS).
Participants diagnosed with depressive disorders (n = 267) were randomly selected into three groups: “CBT, medication therapy, and community referral” (Saddique et al., 2012, p. 998).
The medication group (n = 88) was given an antidepressant (paroxetine) while the CBT arm (n = 90) underwent eight sessions of therapy. The community referral arm (n = 89) received mental health education from clinicians. Data collected using the HDRS were grouped into different categories based on depression levels.
Analysis involved growth mixture modeling to compare the effects of CBT, community referral, and drug therapy.
The results indicated that, for the severely depressed arm, on average, depression levels were higher in the CBT group than the drug therapy group after six months (14.9 vs. 13.9). However, this differential effect was not statistically significant after one year.
For the moderately depressed arm, the depression levels were again higher for the CBT group than the drug therapy group. These results indicate that drug therapy is more effective than CBT in the treatment of moderately depressed women from minority groups.
However, CBT administered for over six months appears to be superior to drug therapy in improving the outcomes of severely depressed clients.
Group-based CBT is a common intervention for treating substance addiction. A quantitative study by Webb et al. (2010) investigated the effectiveness of group-based CBT for reducing tobacco addiction among African Americans.
The researchers hypothesized that abstinence would be higher in the CBT group than in the general education condition. The study design involved a randomized control trial of adult smokers categorized into two groups: the CBT and health education arms (Webb et al., 2010).
The effects of smoking are relatively high among African Americans compared to other ethnic groups. Health education interventions have been found to be less effective. Therefore, by randomizing the subjects to CBT and health education groups, the study was able to evaluate the efficacy of CBT for this demographic.
A convenient sample of 154 adult male and female participants (smokers) participated in this study. They were randomized into the general health awareness condition and the CBT group (Webb et al., 2010). Both groups received six therapy sessions and continuous drug therapy.
The prevalence of abstinence was measured weekly for six months and the data treated to intent-to-treat analyses. The results indicated that post-counseling abstinence was significantly higher among the participants in the CBT group than in the general education subjects after seven days and six months.
This finding was consistent with the study’s hypothesis. The researchers concluded that group-based CBT is effective in treating nicotine addiction among African Americans.
Effective psychotherapy interventions must be culturally adapted to reflect the values and needs of the target minority population. In one study, Cachelin et al. (2014) investigated the efficacy of a CBT program modified to reflect the needs of Mexican American clients.
The research used a quantitative research design (cohort study) to assess the efficacy of the program in reducing binge eating among Mexican American women diagnosed with the problem. The approach allowed the researchers to compare the outcomes of the participants after undergoing CBT counseling sessions for three months.
A sample of 31 women drawn from the Mexican American population in LA participated in the study. A diagnosis of any binge eating disorder and Mexican American racial background formed the inclusion criteria.
The recruited participants went through eight counseling sessions based on a modified CBT program offered in a three-month period. The post-treatment variables measured included “binge eating, psychological functioning, and weight loss” (Cachelin et al., 2014, p. 451).
The study used intent-to-treat analyses to evaluate the data. The results indicated better outcomes in terms of reduced distress, body weight, eating disorders. Participants were also satisfied with the intervention. This implies that a culturally sensitive CBT is effective in treating binge eating disorders among ethnic minority women.
Qualitative Research The dropout rate among minority clients undergoing CBT treatment is usually high, which leads to low health outcomes. A study by Rathod, Kington, Phiri, and Gobbi (2010) aimed at exploring the cultural values and attitudes that affect the efficacy of CBT applied to ethnic minorities.
The study used a qualitative research design to explore the views and attitudes of the participants towards CBT therapy. The approach was appropriate for examining subjective views in order to gain insight into the patient-related factors that affect CBT outcomes.
The sample (n = 114) was selected from two medical centers in the UK. It consisted of three ethnic minority groups: Black British, African-Caribbean, and Asian British (Rathod et al., 2010). The participants were schizophrenics receiving CBT therapy in the two centers.
The researchers used semi-structured interviews and focus groups to explore the participants’ understanding of the program and the cultural factors that underlie psychotic disorders. Data analysis involved the thematic approach.
The results indicated that most participants held the view that CBT-based interventions that incorporate cultural values and beliefs were useful in treating psychosis. The authors concluded that individualization of CBT therapy requires counselors to understand client-specific and cultural factors that affect its outcomes.
Patient feedback indicates that a culturally structured CBT can increase the outcomes of ethnic minority clients. Jackson, Schmutzer, Wenzel, and Tyler (2006) compared the views of two patient groups under CBT therapy, namely, European Americans and Indians.
The aim of the research was to evaluate the relevance of cognitive behavioral therapy based on the patient ratings of the intervention. The researchers noted that minority patients had certain preferences for CBT and thus, an exploration of the views would inform a culturally suited cognitive-behavioral intervention.
A sample of 52 adult participants drawn from the American Indian and European immigrant population was selected for the study. Their views and opinions were collected using an instrument called the cognitive behavior therapy applicability scale (Jackson et al., 2006).
In this study, the participants ranked their preference for particular aspects of the CBT that they believed suited their cultural context. The three domains that the study explored included active stance, in-session interactions, and formal relationships.
The results suggested that more European American participants preferred a CBT approach that emphasized on “in-session behavior and structured relationship” than American Indians (Jackson et al., 2006, p. 512). On the other hand, both client groups preferred a CBT that required their participation.
Thus, in practice, an effective CBT intervention for American Indians should focus more on active participation than on formal therapeutic relationships.
The efficacy of CBT also depends on the cultural competence of the therapists. An observational study by Shen, Alden, Sochting, and Tsang (2006) explored the efficacy of CBT program prepared in Cantonese language and offered in English to Chinese immigrants.
The aim was to establish whether the CBT assessment procedures were the best for this demographic. The researchers hoped that this would give insights into the type of changes that could be made to the program to enhance depression outcomes of the Chinese clients.
The sample was selected from Chinese immigrants living in Vancouver (Canada) and suffering depressive disorders. Researcher observations indicated that the standard evaluation and treatment procedures were not the best for this population.
In particular, the adaption of the tenets of the CBT from its original version (Cantonese) to English was not optimal. Additionally, the program’s “cognitive modification strategies” failed to consider the beliefs and cultural practices of the Hong Kong immigrants.
The assessment of depression levels was not reflective of the Hong Kong cultural context. This affected the efficacy of the adapted CBT in improving the depression outcomes of Hong Kong immigrants.
Patients at risk of depression, such as adolescents, can benefit from CBT-based interventions. A qualitative study by Duarte-Velez, Bernal, and Bonilla (2010) explored the views of an adolescent lesbian Latino girl who was diagnosed with ‘major depression’ disorder.
The study examined whether a manual-based CBT was consistent with the adolescent’s “sexual identity, family values, and spiritual ideas” (Duarte-Velez et al., 2010, p. 899). The aim of the research was to find out whether CBT was optimal for lesbian minority groups by assessing the participant’s views regarding the intervention.
Using the interviewing method, the researchers explored the role of CBT in improving individual acceptance of homophobia in the family context. The results indicated that CBT enhanced integration and personal acceptance of anti-homosexual views and actions perpetrated by family members.
Furthermore, CBT helped the participant to develop a sexual identity, which resulted in a decline in depression symptoms. One limitation of this study was the small number of participants used. A second limitation of the research was the use of only a female participant, which affected the external validity of the findings.
The validation of the CBT adapted for minorities is often problematic. An exploratory study by Bennett and Babbage (2014) examined the suitability of CBT for Aboriginal clients in Australia. They explored the belief that CBT should be modified to reflect the needs of the individual client in order to achieve positive outcomes.
The study examined aspects of the Aboriginal culture that were incongruent with the tenets of the CBT interventions. In particular, “kinship orientation and collectivism” were the key aspects of the Aboriginal culture that the researchers found to be important in a CBT intervention (Bennett
Gender in Business Practice and Theory Report essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Gender in business practice and theory
Contemporary issues and global perspective
Critical reflection on personal experience
Gender in business practice and theory The past few decades have been characterised by an increment in the rate at which women are entering the business arena. The motivation for women to venture into entrepreneurship has arisen from a number of factors such as the need to achieve work-life balance.
The available literature shows that women have encountered numerous cases of discrimination at the workplace (Joanne 2013). For example, they are not provided with an opportunity to progress through the career path in addition to inequitable pay (Brush 2006).
Subsequently, entrepreneurship has become a vital element that women are adopting in order to achieve their personal goals. Through entrepreneurship, women are in a position to circumvent the ‘glass ceiling’ effect associated with paid employment (Brush 2006).
Therefore, their contribution to the global economy has increased substantially. Wang and Calvano (2015) affirm that the success of women in business has arisen from the adoption of better ethical business practices as compared to men. Women tend to approach business based on a strong moral-orientation.
According to the Gilligan’s moral expectation theory, women are highly emphatic on moral issues in conducting business practices (Kim
Management Changes: Non-profit Organisations Research Paper argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Research Question and Context
Methods of Data Collection
Evidence for the Use of a Structured Systematic Approach
Effectiveness of Data Collection
Importance of Data
Evaluation of Methods of Data Analysis
Research Question and Context Non-profit organisations are unable to meet their daily objectives due to inadequate financial resources. They rely on donors and well-wishers for funding. Therefore, for non-profit institutions to stick to their call and achieve their objectives, they should come up with alternative sources of funds.
The purpose of this dissertation is to identify management changes that can help non-profit organisations to become financially viable institutions. The research question intends to determine how change management process can facilitate to fashion a fundamental shift of non-profit institutions to empower them economically.
The objective of the research question is to identify how non-profit corporations may change their culture and employee behaviour to become financially viable institutions.
By the end of the study, the researcher should understand the present position of non-profit organisations, the financial challenges that they experience and what they are doing to become financially sufficient.
Besides, the research question will assist the research to identify what should be done to liberate non-profit organisations from financial hardships.
Methods of Data Collection Methods of data collection determine the precision of a study. They determine the methods of data analysis that researchers use (Russell, 2005). Hence, it is imperative to use the most appropriate methods of data collection in order to achieve accurate results.
The dissertation will use numerous methods to collect data to enhance the accurateness of the results. The methods include group and private qualitative interviews, observation, and secondary data. The reason the dissertation will use group and private qualitative interviews is to facilitate collection of inclusive data.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Myers and Newman (2007) alleged, “Qualitative interview approach helps an interviewer to collect complex, in-depth data that is not as easily obtained through questionnaires or question-and-answer interview approach” (p. 12).
Qualitative interview will give the researcher an opportunity to gather data on a number of related issues based on participants’ responses. Besides, it will give participants an opportunity to confirm areas that they do not understand. Qualitative interview will enable the interviewees to expound on their answers.
Thus, it will assist the researcher to gather accurate data.
According to Myers and Newman (2007), qualitative interview gives researchers a chance not only to gather truthful and hard data, but also conduct perception assessment. Therefore, the dissertation selected this approach because it will assist the research to gather emotional data.
For instance, the researcher will ask participants to describe how they manage to meet their daily financial needs, particularly when donors and well-wishers fail to disburse money. Besides, the researcher will request the participants to describe how they feel when their organisations are going through financial hardships.
Such questions will assist the researcher to gather more comprehensive data compared to requesting members to describe particular processes. In addition, qualitative interview will enable the researcher to collect first-person data. Myers and Newman (2007) argued that qualitative interview does not use the antique methods of questioning.
Hence, it gives the researcher a chance to garner first-person evaluation of circumstances. For instance, the process will help the researcher to ask questions that directly relate to experiences of financial hardships in non-profit organisations. Such questions will assist the researcher to gather more expansive information.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Management Changes: Non-profit Organisations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The correctness of this dissertation will depend on the ability of the researcher to gather honest and accurate data. In most cases, participants answer questions according to what they suppose an interviewer wish to know. Consequently, they do not give accurate and honest feedback.
However, qualitative interview does not enable interviewees to figure out what an interviewer wants to know. Hence, respondents are likely to be frank in their responses. As a result, the method will guarantee that the researcher uses precise and correct data to compile findings.
The researcher will also utilise observation method to gather information. The method was chosen because it enables researchers to get first-hand data. Observation method will enable the researcher to visit non-profit organisations and gather direct information.
The researcher will visit some of the institutions that experience financial challenges and observe how they cope with the hardships, rather than relying on information from individuals who work in non-profit organisations. Besides, it will enable the researcher to identify factors that lead to economic hardships in non-profit organisations.
Therefore, the researcher will be in a position to come up with viable recommendations of what transformations ought to be implemented to enable non-profit institutions become financially empowered.
Adler and Adler (2002) posited, “Much of human social behaviour that may be of interest to the researcher is highly transient” (p. 44). Observation method enables researchers to record activities going on in the field. Hence, a researcher can later refer to the record when analysing his/her data.
This approach will enable the researcher to compare varied non-profit organisations when probing his/her data, thus ensuring that s/he comes up with comprehensive findings.
Observation method will boost the validity of the dissertation’s conclusions since it will enable the researcher to understand the hardships that non-profit organisations encounter. Besides, observation method will play a great role when preparing for group and private qualitative interviews.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Management Changes: Non-profit Organisations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It will give the researcher an allusion of what s/he ought to include in the interview questions.
The dissertation will use secondary data due to numerous benefits. First, secondary data will enable researchers to identify some transformations that should be implemented in non-profit organisations. There is a lot of secondary data that details how non-profit institutions can be transformed into financially viable corporations.
Hence, such data will be of great help in this research. Second, secondary data will ensure that the researcher does not collect irrelevant information when using other methods of data collection.
Adler and Adler (2002) posited that secondary data “helps to make primary data collection more precise since with its help, researchers are able to make out what gaps and deficiencies and what additional information needs to be collected” (p. 45).
Therefore, secondary data will act as a guideline when deciding what to observe in the field and the questions to use during research. The primary objective of this dissertation is to identify how change management can be used to transform non-profit organisations into financially viable institutions.
Failure to come up with correct recommendations will lead to the situation in the majority of non-profit corporations getting bad. Therefore, secondary data will be used to analyse facts gathered through other methods and enable the researcher to make informed decision.
It will help to determine if what is collected from the field corresponds to what is already known. Besides, secondary data will enable the researcher to identify what scholars recommend.
Evidence for the Use of a Structured Systematic Approach A structured, systematic approach entails conducting research in a step-by-step manner (Adler
Change Management Strategy: Verizon Evaluation Essay essay help online: essay help online
Abstract This research paper entails a critical review of organisational change management strategy. The paper is based on Verizon’s case study, which is in the process of implementing an extensive organisational restructuring.
The firm’s decision to implement organisational change has been spurred by the need to achieve operational efficiency, hence coping with the turbulent business environment.
The purpose of this case study is to evaluate the change management strategy adopted by Verizon in order to determine its effectiveness in enhancing the attainment of organisational, cultural, and business goals. Furthermore, this paper identifies gaps within the organisation’s change management strategy.
The paper further proposes the change management strategy that the firm should consider in order to improve the probability of attaining the desired outcome. The potential benefits and risks that the firm might encounter in the course of implementing the proposed new change management strategy are identified.
Introduction Organisations must respond to emerging circumstances and events in order to achieve sustainable development. This assertion underscores the significance of constant adjustment to the strategic and operational practices. Such transformations culminate in remarkable impact on organisations and their employees.
The significance of change to organisation’s long-term excellence is evidenced by the emergence of diverse change concepts. Some of the most notable concepts include right-sizing, total quality management, turnaround, organisational restructuring, and turnaround.
Despite the existence of diverse change concepts, Kotter (2007) argues that the objective of most change initiatives is to transform business operations and cope with the prevailing business environment. However, successful change implementation depends on the change strategy adopted by a particular organisation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ates and Bititci (2011) emphasise that managing change has become a major organisational challenge and it requires firms to be resilient in order to survive the turbulent business environment.
Verizon Communication, which operates in the US telecommunications industry, has encountered numerous challenges arising from technological changes over the past decade.
Moreover, the firm is facing intense competition from major telecommunication companies in the US such as AT
Critical Decisions Made by Rick Stallsworth Case Study college essay help
The character that has been chosen for the case study is Rick Stallsworth, the founder and CEO of The Games Forum. Rick is very arrogant and does not like the idea of other people challenging his decisions.
For example, whenever the sales and marketing director gave a suggestion, Rick would be quick to remind her that he was the boss. Thus, everything he said was right and should not be challenged. Rick is also demeaning. He starts to criticize and demean the sales and marketing director whenever she disagrees with his actions.
Additionally, he also dismisses the opinions of other directors accusing them of being alarmists. Cherry (2010) explains that an alarmist is someone who often sees the bad things in life. Alarmists often get too scared to do anything as they see danger all over. Such people often fail in business because business involves a lot of risk-taking.
Rick made a lot of decisions that touched the careers of the directors. For example, he decided to penetrate the Chinese market by the end of the year. He made this decision without consulting anyone, and the directors clearly have had a hard time trying to push this agenda through.
Rick also made a promise that everyone would get a 10% pay increase if they did the job on time. This decision falls under the ethics nature of business. It would appear that he bribed the directors with the promise of a 10% pay rise so that they do not oppose his expansion plans.
This essay will analyse various decisions that Rick made and attribute the decisions to several psychological and sociological theories. Three theories will be used in explaining Rick’s behaviour. The three theories are stereotyping, Hofstede’s framework and the Big Five theory.
Analysis of the Critical Decisions As mentioned, Rick is the founder and the CEO of the company. Davey (2011) and Heynoski and Quinn (2012) assert that many founders of companies believe that they can make better decisions than any other person in the company. As the ‘boss’ Rick’s first main decision was the penetration of the Chinese market.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is obvious that he did not think the project through as he has allocated very little time to the implementation process. The sales and marketing director decides to challenge his plan in an attempt to stop a disaster. It is at this point in the case study that one can identify stereotyping.
Maddox (2006) defines stereotyping as the use of common, yet not necessarily true, assumptions that people have about other groups of persons based on their culture and behaviour.
The theory is evident when Rick claims that Sue, the sales and marketing director, was only complaining so that people hear what she wants to say, which is typical of an American. It suffices to mention that Sue studied in America, thus, probably has some character traits that can be associated with Americans.
However, in this particular case, the statement is a stereotype because it cannot be proven. In addition, the statement was used to dismiss the argument raised by Sue and make the other directors view her argument as unimportant.
According to Hofstede’s framework, cultural influences can affect the values and attitudes of people in a society (Imada