Moral imagination is a concept that is based on people’s ability to imagine something that does not exist. Notably, the term moral does not refer to morality or ethics, but it refers to people’s mind and capacity to contemplate.
According to Lederach, moral imagination is the minds’ capacity to create something which has not existed yet. The concept presupposes three basic characteristics: perception of the reality and capacity to understand the ties, creativity and ability to transcend the reality.
The concept of moral imagination is important in terms of conflict management as it helps peacemakers envision particular ways to reach agreement. Thus, each peacemaker’s capacity to imagine possible ways out contributes to the process of peacemaking.
Lederach’s concept reveals people’s ability to find solutions which are acceptable for the parties involved in the conflict. People are capable of seeing ties which can help unite a society.
For instance, the conflict in Northern Ireland can be regarded as an example of the effective use of the concept. Thus, people in the region had certain imagination to create the reality without a conflict.
The conflict led to lots of causalities and it was hard to think of a peaceful solution of the problem. Nonetheless, peacemakers were capable of creating something that had not existed.
Notably, ordinary people also contributed greatly to the process of peacemaking as they also envisioned possible ways out.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Such examples of the civil society in Northern Ireland as response to Omagh bombing, mural painting clip, peace walls suggest that people envisioned different ways to resolve the conflict, i.e. they saw many things which had not existed.
For example, the response to Omagh bombing was really suggestive. People were united by the idea of non-violent methods. Citizens believed that violence could not be a way out as it was painful for both parties and it was absolutely unacceptable.
Murals can be regarded as some of the most conspicuous examples of moral imagination as they are graphic reflections of people’s vision, i.e. manifestation of moral imagination.
In his book, Lederach also provides the pyramid theory. The theory presupposes division of the stakeholders into three major layers: top leadership, middle leadership and grassroots leadership. The process of peacemaking can be horizontal or vertical in nature.
According to Lederach’s theory, the peacemaking process can take place within the major layers, or it can also involve representatives of all layers.
More so, according to this theory, the process can be top-down or bottom-up. In the former case, the incentive comes from the top leadership, whereas in the latter case, the grassroots leadership is the initiating power.
Another theory is the web theory. According to this concept, the process is based on the development of ties. Peacemakers start at the core of the problem. They identify central issues to be addressed.
We will write a custom Essay on Conflict in Cyprus and in Northern Ireland specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Once the core issues are discovered, peacemakers start creating centric circles. Importantly, the central hub is constantly being reinforced as it is the basis of the peacemaking process.
Thus, peacemakers try to find some mutual interests, common values, shared views to make people resolve the conflict.
Admittedly, regions where several ethnical groups live are vulnerable to a variety of conflicts. Cyprus is one of such places. Historically, this region was divided into two camps. The first Greek settlers in the region came to Cyprus in the 3 century BC.
This was the start of Hellenization of the island. The region adopted customs and traditions of Ancient Greece. Ottomans invaded Cyprus in the late sixteenth century. The rule of the Ottoman Empire lasted for almost three centuries. Of course, this rule resulted in new settlers in the region.
Since then, there have been lots of conflicts between the two largest groups in Cyprus, i.e. Greeks and Turkish people. Admittedly, the two opposing parties have different views on the past, present and the future of the region.
Greeks claim that they were the first to come and, therefore, the island should be seen as Greek. Greek Cypriots long for the union with Greece. They want Cyprus to become a part of Greece in the future.
At the same time, Turkish people argue that the invasion of the Ottoman Empire changed the island’s demographics. They stress that Turkish people also have their right to self-determine as the island became there home, too.
Turkish inhabitants of the island state that now they have their right to affect the decisions made by the leaders of Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots long for independence and want Cyprus to be an independent state in the future.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Conflict in Cyprus and in Northern Ireland by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is necessary to note that the population of ethnic Turks was about 20% in the second part of the twentieth century. There are many examples when different ethnical groups effectively co-exist and even collaborate, but this was not the case for Cyprus.
Culture plays vital role in the escalation of the conflict. Greeks were traditionally Christians while Turks were Muslims and religion was one of the most serious issues which often led to conflicts.
Cultural differences made Cypriots divide into two opposing camps. Historically, Muslims pursued Christians and vice versa.
However, there is a possibility to resolve the conflict. Cosmopolitan way to resolve the conflict in Cyprus can be effective. Cyprus is no longer a place where people of two ethnicities try to co-exist.
At present, there are newcomers and there are second and third generations of Greek and Turkish Cypriots. These new generations can form another mindset.
They can adopt cosmopolitan views. These generations can come to the conclusion that such notions as humanity, humanness and cooperation for the good of all are much more important than such notions as identity and individuality.
This can be the best way to resolve the conflict as the contemporary society is very different from the society of the twentieth century. The contemporary globalized world is based on cosmopolitan principles, i.e. people are ready to cooperate.
New generations are ready to adopt (and have already adopted) new ways as there is no room for separatism in the modern globalized world. Admittedly, there are groups that try to pursue certain individualistic goals.
However, many countries and regions in the world try to focus on more serious issues, e.g. environment, technological development, etc.
Civil societies played quite an important role in the resolution of the conflict in Cyprus and in Northern Ireland. Quite different methods are used in the two regions. However, there were some similar efforts. For instance, there were peace walls in both cases.
The walls have become the symbols of the peace and the former conflict. The walls have become a reminder of the turmoil. There were also attempts to reconcile opposing groups by introducing some changes into the educational curriculum.
The people of Northern Ireland and Cyprus have tried to bring up new generations, i.e. young people who longed for living in peace with each other.
In Northern Ireland, school children came to school together, which was a symbol of reconciliation. Cypriots created websites and launched a variety of programs to promote ideas of collaboration.
These efforts were somewhat different from those used in another state. Thus, Iranian civil societies did not focus on promotion of ideas only. They also created a specific financial basis for the development of the new society.
They launched numerous charity campaigns. Of course, there were also activities aimed at promoting peace. The use of media was also remarkable in this process.
It is necessary to note that all these civil societies’ efforts have advantages and drawbacks. One of the most effective methods is promotion of ideas of peace and cooperation. Investing into development of the new generation can be beneficial in the long run.
Admittedly, this method is time-consuming, but it is still very effective as the very mindset of people is being affected. New generations do not think of the goals their parents and grandparents were trying to achieve.
As for such activities as revealing friendship between representatives of the two camps, it is also quite effective. However, such methods are symbolic in nature and they tend to remain only reminders.
These methods also have quite short-lived results. In other words, people get inspired by the sight of children from the opposing camps walking together, but this vision is soon replaced by long-lasting aspirations. Building walls also had favorable effects.
However, the walls did not resolve the conflict, but were temporary remedy. Walls only reduced the number of conflict situations though the major conflict persisted.
It is unlikely that one of these methods can be the necessary solution. Each of these methods has played certain role in the process of peacemaking. More so, the combination of these methods resulted in resolution of the conflict situation.
Thus, it is important to focus on the development of new educational curriculum and promotion of ideas of peace and collaboration. It is crucial to bring up new generations. However, it is inappropriate to ignore such methods as charity and development of financial basis.
Admittedly, the state with weak economy is vulnerable to some turmoil. At the same time, financial collaboration between people of different cultural backgrounds can strengthen the society.
There are also cases when construction of walls is inevitable. Thus, to prevent people from escalating the conflict, it is effective to build a wall in the places where unrest is common.
Amb. Mousavian highlighted a lot of aspects of the relations between Iran and the US in 1979. Thus, Iranian officials did not want to comply with the regulations posed by the international organizations. More so, every concession was regarded as a step back and failure for Iran.
At the same time, Iranian leaders anticipated financial support on behalf of the international organizations. Citizen democracy can have positive impact on the development of such situations. Admittedly, leaders can pursue certain goals.
However, citizens should take their stand to ensure their own safety. People should make their voices heard to live in peace and prosperity.
Ethics in Research Report (Assessment) online essay help: online essay help
The concept of research ethics refers to set of regulations, principles, and organizational outline that will guide in constituting and regulating any scientific exercise (Thomas 90).
Research ethic principles are vital elements of any successful scientific research because they help in uphelding ethical values and preserve sound mind, which is especially important for scientists as they should respect the subjects who participate in the study (Oliver 5).
Adhering to ethics of research is fundamental because of the following reasons.
First, ethics is paramount especially in promoting the objectives of the research, such as an acquaintance, accuracy, and evasion of possible errors in research (Bryman and Bell. 128).
Second, research ethics promotes the following principles, such as mutual respect, liability, and accuracy that are required especially in promoting collaboration during the study (Bryman and Bell. 128).
Finally, ethics in research plays a vital role in building public support for research. It is without doubt that people are more likely to support or fund a research scheme, especially when they can trust the importance of and integrity in research.
It is without a shred of a doubt that some of the ethical norms in most of the adopted codes and rules for research ethics in many organizations can be found in the law. Given the described feature, both law and research ethics will overlap.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, if research subjects are exposed to harm or suffering during a research activity.
The law protects every human being from harm and suffering as well as it is unethical to expose the research subjects to harm and sufferings.
Researches that will touch on administrative agencies are mainly bound by confidentiality especially when they gain any information concerning subjects’ private lives.
When researchers do not adhere to confidentiality principle, they can be subjected to legal policies as same as it is unethical to break the aforementioned principles.
The first post emphases on building trust and validity of the findings got from the student work.
The aforementioned elements are endured until negation on such issues as plagiarism, authorship, and any conflicts of interests regarding the integrity of the findings and honest of the report are put into considerations.
The response to the described post is that many professional associates, governmental agencies, and learning institutions have adopted the principles and codes that relate to research ethics given the importance of ethical norms in conducting a research activity.
We will write a custom Assessment on Ethics in Research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ethical principle, such as respect for knowledge, will negate the aforementioned legal issues.
The second post puts across the importance of subject protection from harm as well as exploitation. The post argues that the public need to have adequate information as to whether human rights were protected as well as confidentiality was endured to.
Given the outlined principles of research ethics, confidentiality elements should always be observed too. Confidentiality element will protect personal communications, such questionnaires submitted for publication, confidential records, trade tactics, and patient records.
The human subjects protection will protect human subjects through minimizing any available vulnerable and risks, while conducting the research.
In addition, the aforementioned principles do not only protect human subjects from any form of vulnerability, but also give room for maximizing benefits.
Thus all the researches are to be conducted with respect to human dignity, confidentiality, and autonomy.
The students’ posts are similar in the sense that they describe the importance of putting into consideration the values, regulations, and principles for research ethics. In addition, violation of the described posts can be considered as unethical as well as breaking the law.
Works Cited Bryman, Alan and Emma Bell. Business Research Methods. 3ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. PDF file. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ethics in Research by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Oliver, John. Research ethics: re-evaluating the consequentialist perspective of using covertparticipant observation in management research. 2008. Web.
Thomas, Alan B. Research skills for management studies. New York: Routledge, 2004, Print.
Student Debt Crisis Exploratory Essay custom essay help
Quality education is one of the major factors that guarantee future economic prosperity of various countries. Education improves the knowledge of people in the society. Higher education is one of the most important educational levels.
Heavy investments in education after the Second World War is one of the major factors that has made the U.S. be prosperous. Heavy investments in education and scientific research led to the economic boom of the U.S. in the second half of the twentieth century (Greenberg and Page 48).
However, there has been significant reduction of state funding on higher education over the past decade. This has led to skyrocketing of the higher education.
This has led to the creation of another problem. There has been a meteoric rise in student debt. Student debt poses a real threat to the current and future generations.
The number of Americans who receive college education has increased significantly in the past three decades. It has increased by more than 1000%.
Approximately 70% of students graduate with loans of more than $24,000. 10% of these students have loans of more than $54,000 (Johnson, Ostern and White 1).
African American and Latino students are the major groups that have huge student loans. The high debt burden of these students is because African Americans and Latinos families are less wealthy than white families.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Parents of white students can afford to provide financial support to their children. This forces African American and Latino students to rely heavily on student loans for their college education.
The debt burden of American students is more than $1 trillion (Johnson, Ostern and White 1). The global financial crisis is one of the major factors that have led to the rapid increase in student loans.
During the global financial crisis, there was a significant increase in the enrolment of students in different colleges. This led to a significant increase in the number of students who borrow money to finance their education.
Reduced state funding for higher education is also one of the major factors that has led to a significant increase in student loans. State funding helps in making the cost of college tuition affordable (Sreenivasan 278).
Therefore, reduced state funding necessitated colleges to increase the cost of tuition. The increase in the cost of college tuition necessitated students to borrow money to finance their education.
The high cost of college tuition made it difficult for families to rely on savings, grants, or scholarships to finance the education of their children.
Since education is one of the major factors that led to economic prosperity of the U.S., reducing state funding on education may reduce the competitiveness of the U.S. in the global market (Greenberg and Page 48).
We will write a custom Essay on Student Debt Crisis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The global financial crisis had a direct effect on the increase in student loans. It reduced the value of endowment funds of colleges. This reduced the amount of scholarships and grants that colleges offered students.
In addition, the global financial crisis reduced the amount of money that the federal government offered institutions of higher education (Johnson, Ostern and White 1). These factors necessitated students to borrow more money to finance their education.
A significant increase in the number of for-profit colleges has also contributed to the significant increase in student loans. For-profit colleges collaborate with private lenders. They market the loans directly to students.
This practice makes students obtain loans without knowing all their options (Johnson, Ostern and White 2). This has made students incur unmanageable loans.
After graduating, students have to repay the loans. Repaying the loans is very challenging. Repaying the loans may burden the students and their families for decades. This poses a threat to the current and future generations.
These loans limit the ability of the students to build successful careers. In addition, it increases the financial burden of their families.
In some instances, the huge student loans may force students to take low paying jobs. The students may be unable to wait for high paying jobs. Taking the low paying jobs, which are readily available, enables the students to stop the payments and interests from increasing significantly.
This practice reduces the number of graduates who are willing to start businesses. This has a negative effect on the U.S. economy.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Student Debt Crisis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The income of graduates who have federal loans determines their monthly repayments. However, this option is not available to graduates who have private loans (Maeda 261).
A significant increase in the cost of college tuition has increased the financial burden of students and their families. In some instances, students turn down admissions in colleges that they desire since they are unable to raise fees for the colleges.
In addition, inability to raise college fees may force students to delay or fail to attend college. Thousands of students leave college without a degree annually (Johnson, Ostern and White 2). This is despite the fact that they may have huge student loans.
Despite the fact that higher education has many problems, it is a fact that higher education is vital. People who have a college degree are more likely to find employment that people who have only a high school diploma. College education is usually a pathway to future financial prosperity.
In addition, college education provides students with skills that are vital in the development of the American economy.
References Greenberg, Edward and Benjamin Page. The struggle for democracy. 11th ed. 2013. Upper Saddle River, NY: Longman. Print.
Johnson, Anne, Tobin Van Ostern and Abraham White. The student debt crisis, Washington, DC: Center for American Progress, 2012. Print.
Maeda, Martha. How to wipe out your student loans and be debt free fast: Everything you need to know explained simply, Ocala, FL: Atlantic Publishing Company, 2009. Print.
Sreenivasan, Jyotsna. Poverty and the government in America, 2-volume set: A historical encyclopedia, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2009. Print.
The Nature and Practice of HRM in Organisations Research Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Introduction To investigate with the nature and practice of human resource management in an organisation, this paper has organised with the HRM strategy of the Emirates NBD Bank PJSC as the author of this paper has a saving account in this financial institution and a lot of friends and family members are working there.
Background of the Company The Emirates NBD was organised as the most dominant in the GCC region in 2007 by merging two leading banks of UAE named Emirates Bank International (EBI) and National Bank of Dubai (NBD) and turned into the banking champion with around 141 branches and 740 ATMs and conducting retail and wholesale banking with dynamic financial performance.
As a socially responsible financial institution in the UAE, Emirates NBD is serving the local communities with charity, education, and environment by upholding the cultural heritage of UAE through its 8,000 employees originated from 50 different countries, as a result the company evidenced turned into the biggest and most culturally diversified organisation in this region UAE.
The mission of the company has aimed to deliver value-added management solutions that would finally create exceptional value for its customers, employees, and shareholders while the vision of the company is to turn into the marvellous Service provider in the financial industry along with the property market (Emirates NBD 2013).
Emirates NBD’s HRM Activities to Managing its Staff The Gulf News (2012) and the Reuters (2012) reported that the largest bank of UAE Emirates NBD would conduct fire 15% of its employees; the board of management has confirmed this job cutting with the intention to attain a huge cost saving and the employees have already noticed to move the organisation.
During the merger of EBI and NBD in 2007, the employees have evidenced huge redundant due to both the hard and soft approach, but five years later in the post-merger era such decision generated fear, uncertainty and instability to the workplace environment and the threatening workforce engaged to demonstrate their highest performance to rescue themselves from this pressure.
The Oracle (2013) explored that the bank has decided to integrate Oracle technology to reduce HR cost by integrating different software solution and it has already adopted ‘Oracle E-Business Suite Release 12’ that assist the company an automated process for workforce planning, recruitment, training, payroll, performance measurement and more than an HR team performs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the same time, the integration of new technology is a positive attribute of an organisation, but cost-saving through employees’ layoff is a syndrome inherited from the merger process, therefore, it is essential to investigate the theoretical outlook to the HR perspectives in the post-merger stage
Theoretical Perspective HR During and After Merger Schuler and Jackson (2003) argued that in the present age of globalisation merger is enormously applied to reinforce and sustain the market position allowing it as a relatively speedy and resourceful path to enter into the new markets, incorporating with new technologies along with organisational innovation though there is no assurance to succeed a merger.
On the other hand, the majority of the mergers became unsuccessful in achieving their stated goals and objectives as the process involved with abundant of social costs, numerous job cuts, omitted income of the communities, and decrease taxes in the operating country, such social costs would be tolerable to the stakeholders while the merger results in triumphant outcomes.
The cause of merger letdown lies beneath the financial issues along with market factors even as previous studies demonstrated that most of the mergers comedown due to deficiency of systematic approach to the diverse dynamics of human resource management and its amalgamation in the pre and post-merger stage where culture, leadership, and communication have also significant effect (Bhaskar 2012).
Bhaskar (2012) pointed out that at the pre-merger state the HR specialists of the acquiring organisation would analyse the soft and hard aspects of the organisation that indented to merged, the hard aspects incorporated with staff member’s compensation, bonus, pension, health insurance and dismissal reimbursement while the soft factors incorporated with culture, performance measurement decision-making process and organisational values.
At the post-merger stage, the HR issues become the focal point in order to establish a HR strategy for the combined employees and designing their organisational role, position, pay structure, communication integrating with the new vision and objective of the merger while skills, capabilities, engagement would be taken into account for decision making (Bhaskar 2012).
Rationales of the Topic Emirates NBD (2007) pointed out that the objectives of merger between the Emirates Bank International (EBI) and National Bank of Dubai (NBD) was to boost financial strength and capabilities in order to become top leader of financial industry both in the domestic market and GCC region by highest utilisation of the organisational resources through a cost-effective measures.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Nature and Practice of HRM in Organisations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More At the first phase of it has evidenced that the merged management has aligned to cutting remarkable jobs as an implication of their cost-saving strategy, at the same time Emirates NBD engaged in providing training for skills development and improving leadership quality (Emirates NBD 2013).
During the merger, most of the leadership in diverse department were expatriates, but in the post-merger era the company has been keeping continuous effort to developing the leadership from the UAE Nationals replacing the expatiates, for instance, Wahed Al Fahim a manager of Wholesale Banking has promoted as the Group Deputy CEO of the bank (Emirates NBD 2009).
Similar leadership development initiatives also evidenced in the consumer banking, wealth management, and IT department where the lower level to management team members jumped to the top level without experiencing the mid-level positions; therefore, the process of leadership development in the Emirates NBD under question mark and necessitate to have a study in this regard.
Ghad (2012) pointed out that Emirates NBD in order to improve the capacity building skills of its team members has initiated a ‘Managerial Leadership Program’ with the collaboration and direct supervision Harvard Business School that organised participation focused learning scheme to generate leadership capabilities integrating with the business model of the bank.
Most importantly, the training scheme generally addressed three major issues such as ‘personal leadership, ‘team leadership’, and ‘execution leadership’ next to peer-to-peer learning method conducted by the specialist moderators from Harvard, but failed to integrate the existing senior leadership involvement in this workshop (Satyam 2013; and Ghad 2012).
As a result, the leadership development program of Emirates NBD turned into an academic discussion rather than skills transfer from the senior management leaders; consequently, leadership development scheme exists with huge gaps (Satyam 2013; and Ghad 2012). Thus, to address the existing leadership gaps in the operation of Emirates NBD, it is rational to conduct a study with ‘Leadership approach to managing people in the post-merger situation of Emirates NBD’.
Theoretical review of the leadership approach to manage people To assess the nature and practice of human resource management and leadership approach to manage people at the post-merger situation of Emirates NBD, it is essential to discuss different leadership style, such as autocratic, situational, participative, and transformational leadership approach.
Autocratic Leadership Approach
This is one of the oldest and rigid styles; moreover, this approach based on the centralisation of power for which the leaders have full control over all decisions (Cherry 2013; Withers 2013; Lester 2013; and Weihrich
Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew Essay (Article) best essay help
Table of Contents Overview
Demographic Information Relating to the Orthodox Jews
Factors affecting Multicultural Competency
Recommendations for Improving Counseling
Overview For the most part, the literature on cultural diversity tends to ignore the effects that religion has on psychotherapy and counseling. Judaism is an excellent example of a religion that ignores its effects on both psychotherapy and counseling. Orthodox Jews also serve as an excellent example of a minority group that fails to utilize the psychological health services offered by the majority culture.
According to Schnall (2006), many barriers, both personal and institutional tend to prevent Orthodox Jews from receiving satisfactory psychological health services. The main reason that contributes to this situation is the fact that multiculturalism tends to exclude Jews, their issues and anti- Semitism.
Such treatment is highly discouraging because it demonstrates a worrying trend of anti- Semitism. Besides, there lacks comprehensive scientific studies that examine psychotherapy relating to Orthodox Jews. This lack of concern is manifest in that most forms of literature, including books and academic journals, hardly ever cover Jews in their studies.
Moreover, although there are clear signs that Orthodox Jews favor non-Orthodox therapists, the number of culturally competent counselors to handle this population adequately is small. However, it is still sensible for the Orthodox Jews to receive counseling services from non-Jewish or non-Orthodox counselors.
Demographic Information Relating to the Orthodox Jews The term Orthodoxy has been in use for quite a long time. The first application of the term dates back to 1807 when Napoleon liberated the Jews from the slums. This term was applicable to the Jews who abided by the Jewish laws and customs. Orthodox Jews believe that God gave the Torah to the Israelites at Mount Sinai together with a number of exquisitely designed interpretations of its commands. When working with this population, mental health professionals should understand that Orthodox Jews has several subgroups.
The various subgroups differ widely in terms of worldview, language, religious practices, diet and dressing. In the United States, there are approximately 5.2 and 6.7 million Orthodox Jews, with the Orthodox Jews constituting only a small fraction of this population (Schnall, 2006). Although the Orthodox Jews population is relatively small, they are often inclined to live in concentrated neighborhoods. They also prefer living in major capitals in the northern parts of America such as Baltimore, Toronto and Los Angeles.
Institutional Barriers The incompatibility of Western mental health care and the needs of the Orthodox Jews arise because of the differences in these cultures. For this reason, it has been difficult for them to seek these services and receive sufficient care. One of the obstacles affecting counseling relates to the issue of finances.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Most Orthodox Jews are highly devoted to their religion, which leaves them financially pressed. In addition, most Orthodox Jews tend to perceive seeking mental health services as revealing their personal weaknesses. Furthermore, classical Jewish literature is highly critical of the medical profession in general. Consequently, many Orthodox Jews tend to question how non-Jewish counselors can understand some significant aspects of their culture such as the Jewish soul using worldly knowledge (Schnall, 2006).
University education of mental health practitioners presents another significant barrier for the Orthodox Jews. In most cases, the Orthodox Jews consider such people as corrupted and belonging to the secular world. Besides, they fear that therapists and counselors will not respect their values. Orthodox Jews are also likely to demonstrate suspicion when dealing with outsiders owing to their long history of persecution.
In this case, they are likely to suspect outsiders for holding ulterior or anti-Semitic motives (Schnall, 2006). The Jews might also harbor fears that the counseling sessions might involve inappropriate interactions with members of the opposite sex. Finally, there is a disgrace attached to seeking mental health services in the Orthodox Jewish culture.
They fear that others may perceive them as being crazy. The situation becomes even more complicated because an individual’s background plays a critical role when considering a marriage partner. The Orthodox Jewish community is cohesive, which means that keeping secrets is not easy. For that reason, Orthodox Jews often seek the services of a rabbi to solve their problems.
Factors affecting Multicultural Competency Numerous barriers affect multicultural competency in counseling. The most disturbing barrier to multicultural competency is the fact that there are numerous subgroups among the Orthodox Jews. Each subgroup has different religious practices, worldviews and customs. This requires the counselor to have the ability to understand different body movements, languages and facial expressions.
The stigma associated with seeking mental health services also serves as a barrier for counselors working with Orthodox Jews patients because the shame involved complicates matters. In addition, it is not easy to counsel Orthodox Jews on matters relating to family planning because they do not acknowledge modern methods that require ceasing or delaying childbearing. Besides, they aspire to replace family members killed in the Holocaust (Schnall, 2006).
While therapy often requires making inquiries about spouses, Orthodox Jews often show reluctance to share any negative information. Asking certain questions to assess intelligence also poses problems for the counselor because the Orthodox Jews isolate themselves from the secular world. The conflict between Western explanatory models and Orthodox Jews religious beliefs and preconceptions also complicates matters because they both have different ways of interpreting the problems (Schnall, 2006).
We will write a custom Article on Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, many Orthodox Jews will consider seeking counseling from their rabbis, as opposed to professional counselors. Besides, it is difficult to provide counseling to women because their role in society is not clear. Moreover, counselors may not understand issues revolving around Jewish spousal relations because strict laws often guide them. Lastly, the issues of countertransference and embarrassment also act as barriers during counseling.
Recommendations for Improving Counseling The most effective recommendation for counselors intending to work with the Orthodox Jews is for them to coordinate with the rabbis and other authoritative figures of their community. Such liaisons are essential because they help the counselors to earn legitimacy and credibility. Counselors should also learn some of the mannerisms and customs of the Orthodox Jews because this will enable them to understand them in a better way.
The counselors should also consider incorporating customary Jewish thought into their treatment plans (Schnall, 2006). Similarly, the counselors should incorporate some biblical readings in their treatment plans because this helps to promote emotional and psychological well-being. In addition, counselors should frame their ideas and explanations in religious terms because this helps to make the therapy more convincing.
In some cases, incorporating Jewish ritual may be helpful in encouraging participation. Besides, use of biological models to deal with mental illnesses is appropriate because the Orthodox Jews patients’ are more comfortable with this approach.
Moreover, counselors must ensure that the clinic environment is comfortable and staff members observe a reserved dress code to reduce anxiety. Counselors should also appreciate that Orthodox Jews patients’ value privacy and would prefer meeting at secluded locations, away from other members of their community (Schnall, 2006).
Additionally, counselors should be cautious when determining their fees because most Orthodox Jews are not financially stable. Lastly, counselors should consider employing a team approach when proving counseling. In addition, the counselor may advise the client to bring along a chaperon who would act as a “cultural bridge.”
Reference Schnall, E. (2006). Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew. Journal of Counseling
The Big-Five Personality Assessment and its Application in the Workplace Report essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Literature Review and Critical Analysis
Introduction Modern-day organisational managers are highly interested in the ability of employees to meet flexibility requirements for them to suit different work environments as organisational situations change. This implies that the ability of an employee to perform well in only some specific tasks ceases from being the main criteria for selection and recruitment. According to Fleeson, “in recent years, managers have become interested in determining how well an employee’s personality and values match an organisation” (2004, p.83).
This suggests that some employees are well suited to meet organisational goals and objectives than others depending on their personality traits. Personality refers to “the total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others” (Goodstein
Google Company Overview Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Google’s history
Google’s history Larry Page and Sergey Brin founded the Google Company while doing their Ph. D at the Stanford University (Battelle 2005). The two founders launched and incorporated the company as a private enterprise in 1998, and thereafter, they obtained their first public offering in 2004. By 2006, Google was fully established and the founders repositioned Google’s headquarters to Mountain View, California. Since then, Google has grown rapidly. Google has the largest market share of the search engines.
Google’s search engine has gained fame, and is used globally. Google also offers a social networking site called Google . Gmail is one of the best and most efficient productivity software offered by Google and its usage expands on a daily process globally. Google has the largest market share in internet usage, social networking and cloud computing. An approximate of 80% of businesses uses Google products and services globally (Battelle 2005).
The Google Corporation manipulates more than one million data centre servers globally. There is an increasing demand for the services of handling servers worldwide and Google anticipates managing over one billion data centre servers in the near future. As at 7 October, 4:00pm, Google’s stock price dropped by 6.61 trading at $865.74 per share. This represented a 0.8% negative change from the previous sales. However, Google’s stock price head towards trading at $1000 per share in the near future.
Core activities Google is a technological company. Its key activities comprise of the search engine and online advertising. Google also deals with operating systems, hardware and software products. However, the main source of revenue for Google is the online advertising business. Google does an online business of selling and delivering products and services in more than 50 countries. Google has an enhanced mobile segment and home segment Motorola business.
Through the home segment, Google provides video entertainment services. The consumers ought to subscribe with Google to access digital television services. The mobile segment manufactures and sells electronics. Google has acquired and collaborated with many other technological companies to offer an infinite number of products and services.
Organizational structure Google uses a functional structure, where the top management team focuses on employing value-chain activity measures (Gibbs 2013). To ease the management of the operations, Google’s management team has subdivided the company into five departments as shown below.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Each of the departmental heads reports directly to the executive management team, and the team reports to the board of directors. The small business units obtain a chance to innovate and invent things within the larger company. The multidivisional structure with small business units facilitates centralized planning for a large company as Google.
Vision and values
Google operates under a very high vision of systemizing the world’s information and making it readily accessible and useful (Miguel 2009). To attain the set mission, Google has adopted a culture of value for its employees. Google’s employees work very hard, under a very challenging environment, but they make fun out of the challenging environment.
Conclusion Google is an amazing company that has overturned the lives of people. Gone are the days when researchers would spend hours in the library trying to fish out information from written books. Google has enhanced the entertainment industry, and shopping is just a click of a mouse. Google has changed people’s lives to the better as compared to the earlier days, and a world without Google is unimaginable.
References Battelle, J 2005, ‘The Birth of Google’, Wired. Web.
Gibbs, S 2013, ‘Google introduces the biggest algorithm change in three years’, Guardian. Web.
Miguel, H 2009, ‘Google to Offer Ads Based on Interests’, The New York Times. Web.
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International Management Current Event Essay essay help free
The airline industry Globalization, technological changes, stiff competition, innovation, and changes in customer preferences are instrumental to the current dynamic trends being observed in all industries across the globe. These factors determine the performance of an organization in competitive markets. The airline industry for example confirms how these factors have contributed to its growth. Many recent changes have occurred in this industry.
New technologies, products and services, mergers and new innovations among others are common in the competitive airline industry. Just like in other business industries, companies in the airline industry compete for a larger market share and growth in order to obtain a competitive edge in the industry. In the recent past, the airline industry has been affected by a reduction in demand and the sharp increase of fuel prices. Many corporations are turning to low cost operating and differentiation strategies to gain a competitive edge.
International (Business related) Current Event online In reference to the 7th October, 2013 BBC news, Airbus, a leader in aircraft manufacturing announced its deal with Japanese airlines. Airbus manufactures A350 planes. This aircraft manufacturing giant won the order for 31 (A350) planes worth approximately $9.5 billion (“BBC Business News” par. 1).
The Japanese company also has a plan of buying an extra 25 (A350) planes from the same company. Airbus made this strategic move in order to lessen the competitive pressure from Boeing, which is its closest competitor in the region (“BBC Business News” par. 3). If the deal is to be confirmed, Boeing will be adversely affected because they have dominated the Japanese aviation industry for many years. Boeing was also hit by technical and safety issues a few months ago (“BBC Business News” par. 2).
Identify Global/Regional Economic Implications, and write Your Judgment: Opportunity or Threat for Region/Corporation? Why? Airbus and Japan Airlines (JAL) landmark $ 9.5 billion deal has a great effect on the regional economic growth of Japan (“BBC Business News” par. 8). With the two aircraft manufacturing giants operating in the region, it is obvious that the region’s economic growth will improve. This is because more jobs will be created leading to improved living standards. Infrastructure will also be improved and the government of Japan will maximize on its revenue collections. All these factors are instrumental in the economic growth of Japan.
As aforementioned, Boeing will receive a blow from Airbus its competitor because its market share will be reduced after the deal is confirmed. Airbus will increase its market share, sales, profits, and revenue considering that its competitor had previously dominated the aviation market in Japan.
The competition of these two aircraft manufacturing giants has a lot of benefits for the region. It will lead to reduced fare prices, more innovation than before, differentiation, and good customer relations among others. All these confirm that there will be improvements, and hence lead to the region’s economic growth.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Japan Airlines which is the purchaser will also earn extra profits because the (A350) Planes are cost effective. The aircrafts are much more fuel efficient than Boeing manufactured planes. This factor will make it possible for the demand of the planes to increase. Considering that these aircrafts are more fuel efficient than the previous models, Japan Airlines will cut on costs and maximize on profits. It will also be able to reduce the fare prices, and hence attract and retain more customers than before.
The customers will also benefit because their expenses will reduce. Considering that they used to pay more than what they will be charged; they will be able to save some money for other purposes. This will enhance their living standards. All these factors confirm that the move will lead to a growth in the economy of the region.
Works Cited BBC Business News. Airbus and Japan Airlines agree landmark $9.5bn deal. 7 October 2013. Web.
Cultural Diversity in Counseling Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Multicultural counseling is an emerging concept in the field of counseling, and especially in situations where both the client and the counselor are from diverse cultural backgrounds. The United States has undergone significant socio-demographic changes in recent years and for this reason, multiculturalism is now as important part of our lives.
Moreover, the U.S has become a religiously and culturally diverse country and for this reason, counselors are more likely to exhibit their own cultural biases while attending to clients. Cultural distinctness affects the communication process between the client and the counselor, thereby impacting on the patient-counselor relationship and the results of the counseling session.
This reflection paper has identified religious and spiritual diversity in the United States as a major form of cultural biases. It examines the origin of these biases, along with the measures that needs to be taken in order to overcome them.
People from different ethnic and racial backgrounds believe in the power embedded in their spirituality and religion. They believe that spirituality and religion affects their wellbeing, lives, and good health. Therefore, spirituality and religion are important to different racial and ethnic groups as they provide meaning to life, joy, comfort and pleasure.
However, beliefs tied around spirituality and religion varies from one ethnic community to another, and lack of exposure to other cultures may result in cultural bias. From my own experience, the origin of cultural bias due to religious and spiritual diversity emanates from limited exposure to other cultures (Sumari,
Ethical Practices of Technology Usage Exploratory Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The focus on ethical practices and principles is essential to using technologies during the teaching-learning process because it is essential to avoid any violation of ethical principles associated not only with the traditional classroom environment but also with the online classes. According to Lin, the typical ethical concerns associated with the technology use in relation to the learning process are “copyright, learner privacy, and accessibility” (Lin, 2007, p. 411).
The instructor’s task is to create the conditions to avoid the copyright infringement, privacy violation, and the rules for accessing the necessary materials in order to protect the rights and interests of both students and educators.
Thus, such course activities as the development of the e-learning class activities and the associated PowerPoint Presentation for EDU 655 can be discussed as demonstrative to the Program Learning Outcome 5 which is to “exemplify ethical practices of technology usage”. To respond to the discussed outcome completely, it is necessary to redesign the activities in order to state the importance of ethical principles and practices regarding the technology use in the teaching-learning process.
To redesign the e-learning class activities and the associated Power Point Presentation, it is significant to use the instructional principles characteristic for Constructivism. The basic principle of Constructivism is to “create novel and situation-specific understandings by ‘assembling’ knowledge from diverse sources appropriate to the problem at hand (flexible use of knowledge)” (Dabbagh, 2006).
Thus, the e-learning class activities and the PowerPoint Presentation should be based on diverse sources to provide students with the opportunity to improve their knowledge. That is why these theory and principles are appropriate to redesign the activities.
Following the Constructivism principles in combination with focusing on the copyright and privacy issues, it is essential to evaluate the used sources in relation to their credibility and originality as well as to provide the detailed references to the sources in the learning materials because “copyright protects the particular way authors have expressed themselves” (U.S. Copyright Office, 2012).
That is why, to redesign the activities and created materials, it was essential to evaluate the sources used and to revise the citations in order to provide all the necessary information about the sources’ origin and authors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Any quotes, materials, and images should be cited correctly in order to avoid the copyright infringement and to demonstrate significance of the above-mentioned ethical principles to students. Thus, the accuracy of the data used was evaluated with the help of examining the used sources and websites thoroughly, and the necessary information about the causes such as the full title of the source and full date was added to the materials.
Nevertheless, while redesigning the project, such challenges as the necessity to evaluate the credibility of the used sources and the origin of the material were experienced.
For instance, it was somewhat difficult to check all the provided privacy and copyright information on the site to state its credibility and to refer to several links in order to determine the originality of the cited researches because of a range of copy materials on the Internet which can be used inappropriately. These challenges were overcome with the help of examining all the provided information properly in order to address the ethical principles of technology usage.
Thus, to contribute to the development of the effective teaching-learning process based on using technologies, it is necessary to refer to the associated ethical principles and practices.
References Dabbagh, N. (2006). Instructional design knowledge base. Web.
Lin, H. (2007). The ethics of instructional technology: Issues and coping strategies experienced by professional technologists in design and training situations in higher education. Educational Technology Research and Development, 55(1), 411-437.
U.S. Copyright Office. (2012). Fair use. Web.
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NCLB Side Effects Essay (Article) argumentative essay help
A balanced curriculum incorporates three key components; the learner’s needs, the societal needs, and input from professionals (Cawelti, 2006). The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, which aims at improving academic standards in public schools, has been controversial because it focuses only on two test areas, mathematics and reading/language literacy.
Researchers identify three side effects of this Act. First, testing proficiency in mathematics and language results in an imbalanced curriculum whereby less instruction time is allotted to other subjects (Cawelti, 2006). This affects student performance in other subjects.
The second side effect relates to the teachers’ satisfaction and morale. The high requirements placed on reading and mathematics make teachers focus on improving the standardized test scores, rather than teaching creatively (Cawelti, 2006). Failure to reduce the achievement gaps, based on students’ test scores, often discourages teachers. The NCLB allows each state to set standards of determining students’ proficiency in mathematics and language.
Some states, e.g. Texas, deliberately skew the test scores in order to show that most of their students have high proficiency in language and mathematics (Cawelti, 2006). Higher test scores would mean that the students’ performance in these two subjects meets the national standards. However, this only prevents state system from implementing essential changes in classrooms to improve understanding and mastery of content by the student.
Educational researchers provide various models for improving learning standards in public schools, reducing achievement gaps, and ensuring balanced curriculum.
To promote balance in the learning curriculum, school leaders should encourage parental and community involvement in students’ learning activities. The broad-field model is one of the proposed curriculum improvement models. It comprises of five elements; (1) sciences; (2) social/cultural studies; (3) drama, music and art; (4) languages and mathematics; and (5) problem-solving skills (Cawelti, 2006).
Cawelti (2006) proposes that the broad-field model be expanded to include additional skills in technology, citizenship, recreation and health. A second approach involves the cultural literacy of young students; it advocates for the introduction of important concepts and topics in science, history and the arts in elementary school curriculum (Cawelti, 2006). Academic experts can offer the topics to be included in this curriculum.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A third approach is the crucial issues perspective. The proponents of this model propose that school curriculums should focus on issues that relate to the students’ day-to-day experiences. They propose a curriculum that has five issues. The first issue is the democratization process, which includes skills in operations of government agencies, civic education and voter participation (Cawelti, 2006). Students should also be taught about the various economic systems including communism and capitalism, as well as the effects of globalization.
A third issue recommended under this model is population control, whereby students are taught about reproductive health and lifestyle diseases. This model also recommends that students be taught about world religions and cultures, as well as regional conflicts. Students should also be taught about environmental issues including global warming, environmental pollution and the dangers of nuclear waste and ozone depletion.
To achieve a balanced curriculum, reduce achievement gaps and improve learning, Cawelti (2006) proposes a test-case model. This approach advocates for increased funding to school districts to help implement four main projects: the Baldrige National Quality Program; good organizational practices; parental involvement, cooperative learning and mentoring programs; and learning communities in school settings.
He argues that this approach will equip learners with skills that will enable them to function effectively both as students and as members of the society.
Reference List Cawelti, G. (2006). The Side Effects of NCLB. Educational Leadership, 64(3), 64-68.
Toyota Corporation Production Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
The key drivers to the success of Toyota before the crisis Production and operations management
The actual production and delivery of products including the operational management was essential to the success of Toyota. The company’s product design incorporated product process, planning and implementing production processes as well as acquiring and organizing resources.
With this broad scope, the production and operation functions had a fundamental role in the company’s ability to attain the set goals and objectives before the crisis. Besides, the operations managers were familiar with the concepts and issues that surrounded the functional area.
The basic performance objectives that pertained to all operations including quality, speed, flexibility, dependability and cost were well planned and realized. Thus, Toyota Company was successful in meeting these objectives through its production and operation function.
Over decades, Toyota operations were streamlined thus resulting in the popularly known Toyota Production System (TPS). The TPS was conceived when the company realized that producing massive quantities from limited product line to achieve maximum economies of scale led to flaws.
Its major objectives were to reduce cost, eliminate waste and respond to the changing needs of the customers. Under this system, quality was considered as doing things right via the provision of error free products that satisfied the targeted customers. Conversely, Toyota vehicles were among the leading brands in customer satisfaction.
Voting Toyota as the best annual vehicle by most marketplace reviews indicated that the company had an appealing reputation globally. Due to good quality, Toyota success had kept growing and in 2009 the company was the best worldwide. Moreover, Toyota was keen on producing quality vehicles with many technologies that improved the performance of the vehicles.
The TPS method applied during operation focused on the reduction of complications via the use of undersized and uncomplicated machineries that were elastic and strong. On the other hand, rescheduling run and outline to promote plainness enhanced the pace of manufacturing and assembling Toyota vehicles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another driver to the success of Toyota was dependability, which implied timely working to ensure that customers got their products within the promised time. Toyota had included just in time manufacturing method comprising of experienced employees who worked in cooperation while the Kanban management assisted the team in delivering manufactured goods and services as guaranteed.
Every worker, mechanical expert, and director was concerned with the improvement of value and effectiveness of Toyota vehicles. The organization admired making adjustments while developing receptive and supple structures that helped in dealing with the changing trade settings. Inside the company’s production area, Toyota Corp had the ability to attain large-scale flexibility whilst manufacturing tiny product bunches that hardly generated any value or output loss.
Team working in TPS
From this case, the corporation emerged to be among the few vehicle producers in the automobile industry, which constantly generated profits during and subsequent to the 1974 oil disaster. Due that crisis, producers that rivaled Toyota envied and visited the company in order to find out the reasons behind Toyota’s triumph in the declining souk environment.
The company’s discovery was the unique team working of the Japanese who utilized scientific management rules. Japanese team working was very dissimilar to that which became prominent in the American and European companies in the 1960s and 1970s. The Japanese team working usually referred to as Toyotaism implied a certain form of work organization that emphasized on lean production.
The technique combined the JIT creation methods; dilemma-resolving groups, job consistency, as well as influential first-line administration and nonstop but succeeding Toyota process step up. All these drivers contributed to the success of Toyota before the crisis.
The JIT manufacturing scheme attempted to accomplish the clients’ requests devoid of generating any waste products while offering faultless value. Organization and scheduling of various Just in time approaches took into consideration draw arrangement, staged forecasting, Kanban organization, flow harmonization, and assorted reproduction development.
Besides, Toyota was one of the biggest players in transforming Japan into being a kingpin in automotive production. Other companies which had adopted the company’s production system increased efficiency and productivity. Thus, Toyota was developing over the years since the industry’s analysis of the best plant winners showed that the company used lean manufacturing techniques extensively.
We will write a custom Essay on Toyota Corporation Production specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The primary causes of this crisis The Toyota Corp experienced a crisis in the fiscal 2010 subsequent to its vehicles being involved in industrial accident. The quality of Toyota started to fall impulsively despite attaining its 2010 Global Vision. With the potential fatal defects, it was essential for the Corporation to stop its manufacturing in several areas and recall back cars ranging to more than a million.
The TMC crisis arose primarily due to the inability of the company to manage its quality given the hurried expansion and unique production philosophy. Besides, Toyota’s poor quality production increased following the Second World War that left the company with competitive disadvantage. Conversely, Toyota Corp was suffering from financial problems while struggling with quality problems. In a war- desolated economy, Toyota considered it necessary to exploit low costs while producing a wide range of vehicles.
Nevertheless, the competency that drove the American giant car manufacturers was inappropriate for car fabrication in Japan thus generating crisis. The American techniques highlighted large consignments made on specialized machines. Hence, the crisis augmented due to little capital meant for business venture after the warfare. That is, the system proved not to be cost-effective particularly for low-volume demand.
The crisis also came due to surplus rework needed during the production of faulty products and surplus inventory of finished products, work in progress, and raw materials. In addition, the deprived product and instrument design resulting into the erroneous over-production and overindulgent movement of products past the necessary production procedure also caused the crisis.
Finally, the pointless waiting of tools and personnel for the subsequent production and over manufacturing ahead of demand are some wastes that increased the Toyota crisis.
The adjustment of Toyota after the crisis In case of a major crisis, Toyota should adjust by shutting down its production or operations in areas that were affected most and particular products that underperformed in such a situation. For example, during the 2008 financial crisis the company closed down its production of large vehicles for some time and switched the factory that produced SUVs into that which produced Priuses.
This adjustment was also evident during the Japanese earthquakes when Toyota suspended its operation in plants within the affected region. The company should also respond by eliminating some of its workforce especially the temporary workers in the affected facilities. This included extending leaves and making such employees work on part time basis. Toyota may similarly minimize the remuneration for plant managers and reduce bonus for every salaried workforce.
Since the crisis affected Toyota employees and customers directly, the company should ensure that the stakeholders are aware of the changes. When crisis ends, Toyota should establish a committee that takes the opinions of employees and customers in the affected areas in order to determine the most appropriate crisis adjustment strategies.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Toyota Corporation Production by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The committee should be responsible for devising methods to explain the reasons for the adjustments and the benefits they have for the stakeholders. The employees should be given options to extend their leaves or get assistance to secure other jobs. Through this strategy, Toyota will maintain good relationship with customers and employees affected by the crisis.
Cleveland Clinic in the UAE Case Study college admission essay help
Introduction The Cleveland Clinic is a medical centre that is located in Abu Dhabi, UAE. The clinic is a multi-specialty institution. Cleveland Clinic has a bed capacity of 364 people, which can also be expanded to 490 bed capacity. The hospital is currently under construction and is expected to be complete by the end of 2013. The clinic will be offering a number of medical services, ranging from primary to tertiary services.
The services to be offered in this hospital will help Abu Dhabi and the United Arab Emirates region to access international standards of healthcare. The demand for services from the clinic is going to be high given that it will be a leading clinic in the Middle East region. This paper will analyse the market conditions of Cleveland Clinic.
Price elasticity of demand for the services offered at Cleveland Clinic Price elasticity of demand refers to the changes in demand that result from a percentage change in the price of a commodity, or a service. Price elasticity of demand normally has a negative figure, but the negative sign is usually ignored despite the fact that it is likely to bring some kind of ambiguity.
Cleveland Clinic is expected to be offering international healthcare services in the United Arab Emirates. The clinic will be providing multi speciality services as well. No other health institution offers services of that level in the region. Therefore, the price elasticity of demand for the hospital’s services will be inelastic.
This means that an increase in price will not cause any change on the demand. It is important to note that the price elasticity of demand for health services is generally inelastic since people do not have options other than acquiring the services when they are sick or need medical attention.
Cost and market structure The cost of operation of the Cleveland Clinic is likely to be relatively high due to the kind of services it will be offering. High-level and specialized services will be offered in this health institution, thus the operating costs are expected to be high. The health centre operates in a monopolistic competition market structure.
This is the kind of market structure that has a few large organizations that dominate the market, where each of the firms has a small share of the market and offers differentiated products or services. Cleveland Clinic is the largest health centre in the region at the moment. There are other health centres that compete with it, thus the clinic is not a monopoly. Cleveland Clinic offers differentiated services. The other players in the market also offer differentiated services, making the market structure a monopolistic competition.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Impacts of global competition on Cleveland Clinic Globalization has been dominant in the world market over the last couple of decades. Most organizations have established international operations. The Cleveland Clinic will be offering its services internationally, thus it will be affected by the global competition.
In the global competition, every organization tries to offer the best services to win more customers and increase profitability. Global competition has led Cleveland Clinic to establish specialised services in the bid to adopt differentiation. This will help the clinic get more customers and improve its performance.
Cleveland Clinic should expand its current operations The objective of every organization is to keep improving and maximizing profits. Other competitor organizations will always be working to win the competitive advantage. Therefore, it is important for Cleveland Clinic to keep on expanding its operations as, well as diversify the operations to maintain its competitive position. Failure to diversify might lead to the clinic being overtaken in terms of competition and lose profitability.
Cleveland Clinic is currently located in the Abu Dhabi and it offers international standard services, thus it is likely to get customers from all over the globe. It is important for Cleveland Clinic to invest in new products, services, and locations in its bid to expand operations because some customers may find it difficult to travel to Abu Dhabi to get the services. This way, the clinic will be able to reach more customers.
Cleveland Clinic will also be in a better position to survive the global competition. The pressure of global competition on the clinic is likely to reduce if the organization expands its operations. Investing in new clinics and service locations will help the clinic to get a wide range of customers from all over the globe. Global competition exerts more pressure on organizations that have less service/ operation locations. Therefore, the global competition will impact the organization positively if it establishes new locations in various parts of the globe.
Effects of government policies, social diversity and business ethics Business operations are affected in different ways by government policies. Government policies usually influence the plans of the government, as well as the government’s activities and intentions. In turn, government activities have a direct effect on the business operations.
An organization’s plan should be in line with those of the government. For instance, there is a probability that the costs charged on customers will go up if the government of the United Arab Emirates implements taxes on medical facilities and services. It is possible that the taxes charged on the clinic will be higher bearing in mind that Cleveland Clinic offers services to an international community. Its services will, therefore, be a slightly more expensive.
We will write a custom Case Study on Cleveland Clinic in the UAE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This will affect its competitiveness since people may opt for cheaper clinics. The government may also implement subsidies on medical facilities, a factor that will have a direct effect on the cost of services offered by Cleveland Clinic. In addition, its activities should not counter those of the government. The policies of the United Arab Emirates government are going to affect the operations of Cleveland Clinic. Therefore, the clinic should execute its operations in such a manner that it adheres to the government policies.
Health institutions are meant to serve the society by offering health services. Workers in such institutions should be in a position to handle people from various ethnicities, cultures, as well as social classes. Cleveland Clinic being an international institution will be offering services to a widely diversified society.
Therefore, social diversity will have an effect on its operations. Other communities and cultures are expected to be visiting Cleveland Clinic, although most of the customers will be of the Arabic origin. There is a possibility that the Cleveland Clinic will lose its competitive advantage in case it will not able to handle or deal with different cultures and their demands. Therefore, Cleveland Clinic should ensure that its employees and management are able to deal with social diversity.
Business ethics are very important in every organization. Business ethics refer to the good behaviours of the organization and the way the organization treats its stakeholders. The stakeholders in this case include the employees, shareholders, customers, as well as the community.
A health institution is obliged to embrace good ethics since it deals with the lives of people. Health institutions offer very sensitive services and should be very cautious of ethics. Cleveland Clinic has to ensure that it adopts good ethics if it is to succeed in its operations. Business ethics will help the clinic improve its operations, a move that will help it create a good relationship with its customers. This will, in turn, give Cleveland Clinic a competitive edge.
The Arab Spring and Morocco Essay essay help online free
A wave of demonstrations and protests, which is known as the Arab Spring affected a great number of countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen, or Syria. They led to the downfall of several autocratic regimes. To some degree, this social upheaval affected Morocco. However, the political regime of this state was able to withstand this turmoil. The article written by Thierry Desrues is aimed at examining the peculiarities of the protest movement in Morocco.
However, this work can also show why the Arab Spring did not undermine the monarchy in Morocco. In this case, one should focus on the attempts of the government to reach some compromise with protesters and the absence of a single alternative to the authoritarian regime. Additionally, it is important to remember that the oppression of protesters diminished the influence of demonstrations.
Finally, this movement was not supported by every member of the community. So, Thierry Desrues’ article can be important for understanding the nature of the political movement in Morocco. This source is also helpful for describing the long-term implications of the Arab Spring for this country. These are main questions that should be discussed more closely.
First of all, the author points out that the political system in Morocco can be described as a hybrid regime. On the one hand, in this country King Mohammed VI can be described as the main decision-maker whose authority cannot be limited or questioned. So, one can say that Morocco has an autocratic government. Such a situation could be observed in other African countries. However, at the same time, this system enables some participation of individuals in the public life of the country.
For instance, in 2005, the policy of reducing poverty was implemented by associative networks (Desrues 413). These local organizations had the authority to decide in which way the financial resources could be used. To a great extent, this policy was helpful for creating an illusion that people could take part in the political life of a country.
So, this is one of the issues that Thierry Desrues wants to explore in this text. It seems that this discussion can throw light on the complexities of the social and political life in this country. This policy helped the government to reduce the tensions within the society.
Furthermore, it is important to mention that the protest movement in this country was represented by very different groups. In particular, one can speak about leftist parties such as Unified Socialist Party, the supporters of student unionism, human rights organizations, Islamists, and many others (Desrues 415). In other words, they did not have a common political agenda. Many of them did not try to overthrow the political regime of the country.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of them only wanted to promote the rights of Amazigh people, while others supported the idea of gender equality (Desrues 418). Yet, they were not necessarily opposed to the form of government which emerged in this country. This is one of the reasons why they did not provide a valid alternative to the monarchical rule of King Mohammed VI. Overall, Thierry Desrues is able to identify the reasons why the regime could withstand this upheaval. Such an explanation seems to be quite feasible.
Additionally, the author of this article points out that Mohammed VI was able to respond to the political unrest in this country. Much attention should be paid to the constitutional reform which was carried out right after the protests (Desrues 418). For instance, this reform increased the authority of the parliament in this country. Moreover, these changes in the legislation were supposed to address the concerns of many people. One should pay attention to such problems as the discrimination against Amazigh people or gender inequality (Desrues 418).
It should be mentioned that in Morocco, monarchical rule still exercises strong influence over the legislative and executive power. However, this constitutional reform was perceived as the intention of the state to comply with the demands of the society. To a great extent, Thierry Desrues shows that the representatives of the political regime proved to be more flexible than other authoritarian leaders. This flexibility helped the government to avoid a possible downfall. This is one of the main arguments that can be put forward.
Apart from that, it is important to mention that the opposition to the monarchical rule was partly suppressed through intimidation, home visits, and arrests of people (Desrues 420). This strategy of the government prevented many people from joining demonstrations and protests. Nevertheless, it is important to remember the government did not try to escalate violence against the protestors. Apart from that, there were people who objected to the radical political transformation of Morocco.
They had confrontations with the protesters (Desrues 420). This is another issue that can be singled out. In this article, the author shows various members of the Moroccan society had different views on the development of the government. They did not support the idea of a radical change in the political regime. This detail is important for explaining the peculiarities of the Arab Spring in the country.
Very often, researchers speak about the so-called “Moroccan exception”, when they speak about the impact of political upheavals on this country (Desrues 422). As a rule, this term implies that the Arab Spring did not manifest itself very strongly in Morocco. However, one should not suppose that no goals were achieved. In particular, political activists were able to legitimize social and political change within the country.
This transformation is important for empowering the citizens of Morocco. Furthermore, this outcome can be regarded as a form of success because the Moroccan society was able to avoid such pitfalls as continuous violence or even military conflicts. It is quite possible that the gradual evolution of this society can contribute to the improvements in the lives of people. This is one of the details that should be distinguished.
We will write a custom Essay on The Arab Spring and Morocco specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the whole, the examples which Thierry Desrues provides can explain why the Arab Spring did not result in the overthrow of the monarchical rule in Morocco.
One should consider such factors as the hybrid nature of the political regime in this country; 2) the willingness of the government to make concessions to the public; 3) the absence of a single political agenda; and 4) the actions of the police force and the opposition to protestors. These are the main issues that can be identified. It is possible to say that Thierry Desrues’ article can be helpful for the examination of the political and social transformation in Morocco. This is why it should not be overlooked by the readers.
Works Cited Desrues, Thierry. “Mobilizations in a hybrid regime: The 20th February Movement and the Moroccan regime.” Current Sociology 61.4 (2013): 409-423. Print.
The Self Concept Criterion and Its Significance on International Marketing Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The Self Concept Criterion and Its Significance on International Marketing Introduction
International marketing refers to the exchange of marketing products and services among various national business environments. Unlike the domestic marketing which involves trading of goods and services within a country and its localities, international marketing takes business to another level where nations are able to feature as participants. However, as the growth of the global economy continues to expand, the understanding of marketing across the global cultures has become increasingly important.
As it would be observed, international marketing is influenced by dynamic environmental forces and factors. Today, cultural issues are among the biggest challenges that have continued to affect the activities of international marketing over the years (Craig
Contextual Urban Design Expository Essay college essay help near me
Introduction Various urban theorists have expressed diverse opinions regarding new urban developments. For instance, Leon Krier and other theorists show the importance of capturing new development within its context. On the other hand, Rem Koolhaas, the controversial Dutch urbanist asserts that the focus should be on discovering a new form of urbanism, which does not conform to orderly city.
In addition, the new type of urbanism should express rare forms with no architectural relation in any way with one another. Rem Koolhaas’ view differs sharply with those of other scholars of urbanism. Today, New Urbanism strives to create efficient residential structures. Thus, usages and management of urban places and spaces have become major areas of architect works.
Urban planning and design must be friendly to humanity. Thus, planning and designing urban places and spaces require wide consultations among different stakeholders. This essay explores how Rem Koolhaas’ view differ with those of Prince Charles based on his New Urbanism concepts.
It also shows Koolhaas’ views and their supports from other architects like Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Will Alsop and others, whose iconoclastic buildings have been widely admired. It also discusses how neo-rationalist ideas can be a model for modern urbanist thinking and re-invigorate contemporary urban design with reference from neo-rationalist and traditional design approaches.
Prince Charles’ views Prince Charles’ thoughts on architecture and urban planning focus on inner-city renewal, architecture, the quality of life, and the environment. Prince Charles has been an active proponent of neo-traditional concepts in modern urbanism. He shares these views with theorists like Leon Krier and Christopher Alexander. Charles has criticised some elements of contemporary architecture in Britain.
The Prince has stressed his views of neo-traditional urbanism, the need to account for humanity in designs, and the restoration of historic structures. This would reflect combined aspects of new buildings and sustainable design. Prince Charles’ Poundbury shows neo-traditional urbanism. The design is a captivating urban space with unique aspects in the Dorchester village.
Some of the notable features of Poundbury are open spaces, balanced developments of shopping areas, public spaces, and housing. It reflects the concept of New Urbanism in planning, which proponents tout as an ideal principle of good urban design. Proponents of New Urbanism claim that the approach can lessen traffic jams, control suburban developments, and enhance supply of affordable housing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The major elements of the New Urbanism are preservation of the historic buildings, developing green buildings, and safe streets. Prince Charles has been keen on propagating his views of urban design. The Prince’s ideas show that cities and buildings should not discard human traditions, but rather they should reflect aspects of continuity in human developments (Prince Charles, 1989).
Hence, there is a need to reclaim human traditions and integrate a sense of continuity and traditions in buildings. Overall, cities and buildings must also reflect changes in economies and technologies. On the other hand, Rem Koolhaas’ views differ from those of Prince Charles in urban planning and development.
Koolhaas believes that the context of urban planning and development should not bear resemblance in architectural relations (Koolhaas, 2004). He also notes that cities should not be orderly places, but rather have unique forms of architectural designs. From Prince Charles’ views, Koolhaas’ ideas would mess up many towns. In other words, there would be no order in cities, several sprawling settlements with shopping malls in outskirts of cities (Duany, Plater-Zyberk and Speck, 2010).
There would be too many anonymous buildings almost in every location. Generally, Koolhaas’ ideas would result in the worst forms of city planning and development. Such an environment would increase city congestion. Koolhaas’ concepts of urban design could also result in degraded cities, which could create unsustainable cities. Such cities have added risks of deteriorating soon before their lifetime.
Prince Charles prefers a mixed-use urban planning in which there are income districts, enough space for everyone, and cities with businesses and everyday experiences of life. The Prince wants to create urban developments in which people can experience living. Moreover, he would like architectural works to reflect local traditions, crafts, and identities.
Supports for Koolhaas’ concepts Other urban architects like Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Will Alsop and others have supported views of Koolhaas. These urbanists have created greatly admired iconoclastic buildings. This group of urbanists belongs to deconstructivism school of thought. They express independent and stylistic contexts of urban developments in the post-modern period.
Some critics believe that Gehry’s modernism is a new form of eccentric but ‘serious’ architecture (Sebestyen and Pollington, 2003). However, they have also noted that this form of modernism did not resonate well with the public, particularly when used on a large-scale. As a result, many design establishments did not adopt it. The design displayed cold, concrete, glass, and steel, which alienated users.
We will write a custom Essay on Contextual Urban Design specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Many critics concluded that such buildings were not user-friendly. Conversely, Prince Charles’ views supported historical references and planned buildings, which accounted for humanity and experiences. Koolhaas has developed some unorthodox spaces, which include complex forms of architectural designs. These designs are challenging and strenuous to most users.
For instance, Koolhaas designed the SoHo in Manhattan. The structure has a massive area that resembles a crater. Shoppers must take several fickle stairs in order to reach the crater. This has not been easy for many users. Daniel Libeskind has strived to expand some elements of architecture. He believes that buildings should reflect cultural contexts.
As a result, some of Libeskind’s designs strive to show the vision of people, visitors, and others who use them. In this regard, Libeskind aims to incorporate a wide scope of features like nature, technology, arts, and cultures in his urban designs. On the same note, Will Alsop’s designs also have unique colour and unconventional forms. These iconoclastic buildings presented unique features to users.
In fact, some critics claim that perhaps designers try to show daily life experiences with unusual designs. However, these designers fail to achieve the real purposes of their buildings because they only manage to alienate users of such buildings. Hence, designers of these unique urban buildings have failed to capture the essence of buildings and their purposes.
Overall, these designers believe that their complex buildings have various purposes and must reflect post-modern approaches to designs in order to enhance renewal of cities. Koolhaas has been able to accomplish much in the past because of developments in design technologies. These tools have allowed him to create such complex designs.
Construction firms and fabricators can then assemble and build different parts required in modern designs. The works of Zaha Hadid also fall under these complex designers, which support Koolhaas’ views on urban designs. Hadid has perfected the use of computer technologies to design complex structures like MAXXI museum in Rome and others in Germany.
Other critics noted that postmodernism has been deteriorating while modernism was out of order. At this point, Koolhaas’ theory presented unified concept to architecture. Koolhaas aimed to challenge the concept of both post modernism and postmodernism by using abstruse concepts.
Koolhaas’ views incorporated several elements of designs, which contributed to the design complexities (Croisé, 1996). Urbanists wanted to retain both old elements and incorporate several cultures in their works. According to Koolhaas, changes in cultures of the city and the slow pace of design normally result in discrepancy of the architectural project.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Contextual Urban Design by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some critics believe that deconstructivist urban structures may be eccentric and not user-friendly. However, the best designs reflect complex and seriousness of the designers. Such building could be unusual in forms because the designers wanted them to reflect unique features. However, users may find it difficult to accept that designers use architectural developments to express their iconic desires.
As a result, some have rejected the extravagance of some designers, who distort functions and create buildings with some ‘useless’ elements and details. Koolhaas notes that some of their structures meet the basic requirements of a building completely. However, he regrets that many users soon forget the concept of functionalism in their structures.
Changes and enlightenment have shaped modernism. However, these are unstable concepts, which designers must incorporate in their works. As a result, they may capture contemporary architecture in the period of globalisation. However, designers may fail to capture all concepts and portray various conditions under which people live.
Designers must perceive architectural developments as a way of capturing various needs of humanity and the use of urban spaces. Thus, this process requires gathering insights of factors that hold urban fabrics. A designer must work with various scales and articulate the use of public places and spaces in their architectural designs. In addition, they must include unique local contexts and other best qualities found in their areas of work.
How neo-rationalist ideas can serve as a model for contemporary urbanist thinking
Neo-rationalists believe that architecture should be autonomous and must redefine itself based on types and rules with regard to all its aspects. Neo-rationalism rejects the idea that technologies may replace architecture. Moreover, it shows the need to integrate cultural and social aspects of urban buildings in designs. It also shows that historical elements can act as rich sources of references designs.
Leon Krier has promoted neo-rationalist ideas by focusing on traditional urbanism and classical architecture. He emphasises the importance of using urban space effectively in design and planning (Krier, 1979). Neo-rationalist represents a form of postmodernism that focused on declining traditions of the 19th century. Contemporary urbanist thinkers must note that neo-rationalist rose due to several changes that took place in urban centres in the 20th century.
Designers noted that urban places and spaces experienced commercial pressure. As a result, there was a need for modern approaches to building and urban context designs. Contemporary urbanist thinkers must note that designers like Aldo Rossi, who championed postmodernism, concentrated on traditional European urban centres and rejected the modern functionalist ideas (Rossi, 1982).
In this sense, neo-rationalism was an approach that aimed to preserve European cities by incorporating elements of modernism in the developed structures. The major challenge to New Urbanism and other post modernism ideas were effective curricula that could integrate all the scopes of the entire city. Modernism ideas started a way of responding to increased demands for private housing with regard to urban planning and use of space.
Changes in the usage of urban places and spaces led to poor planning in most European cities. Contemporary urban thinkers should borrow concepts from Rossi’s views about city planning. In this context, contemporary urban thinkers must note that they cannot develop cities by simply adding other elements. Instead, they must show interrelationship among all elements within a city.
They must also recognise that urban architectural designs have dominated city structures. However, such designs should reflect interrelation and functional elements of cities and any changes that take place in urban environments. For instance, fires may burn down a section of a city and people may modify their structures. Thus, city monuments and other public spaces may have the permanence, which residential buildings may not have.
Thus, architects should capture such ideas in public structures and monuments. While these building designs may change over time, the public features may persist and acquire new directions. City characteristics and characteristics in urban places and space are important part of architectural designs (Trancik, 1986). Neo-rationalists emphasised the importance of typology in urban planning and architectural works.
Thus, modern urbanist should identify common characteristics and features, which are common in urban centres based on the interrelationships with various elements like theoretical concepts like New Urbanism or traditional concepts, formality, and nature of the development.
The concept of city typology supports the idea of creating patterns from individual characteristics found in cities. Patterns would then create large details for architects. In North America, there are common typologies in residential areas, which have similar patterns and characteristics. For instance, suburban areas have wide streets, with neat lawns and beautiful trees and shrubs.
These typologies are common in urban areas or the ‘leafy suburbs’. New Urbanism has recognised the importance of typology in urban design and buildings. New Urbanists assert that designers should integrate physical elements of a place in their designers. This must also account for local preferences and historical aspects of the place.
Contemporary urban thinkers should maintain hierarchy of patterns found in the neo-rationalism approaches. In fact, they must concentrate on establishing the right typology of urban places. New Urbanism also noted the importance of affordability in city designs. Thus, there should be various types of housing to cater for needs of different communities in cities. Architect designs and planning must meet these requirements (Katz, 1993).
Re-invigorate contemporary urban design Contemporary architects must restore and re-invigorate urban design and planning. This idea comes from a movement that started in the middle of 19th century due to disorder in urban spaces and places that resulted from industrialisation. Re-invigorating modern urban designs must include urban renewal, which should adapt to current urban places and spaces in order to reduce the decline they have experienced (Milroy, 2006).
Today, designers and planners talk of sustainable developments to represent all aspects of designing and planning in the use of urban spaces and places. City planners and designers have provided guidelines that can aid and improve designs and planning (Moughtin, 2003). They take particular interests in usages of spaces and places in urban centres (CABE, 2000).
Re-invigorating contemporary cities should entail rearrangement of urban spaces, public areas, enhancing visual appeal, and improving functionality of the city. Traditionally, urban design has focused on urban setups, architecture, and some elements of landscape urbanism. Today, contemporary urbanists should entail aspects of traditional designs and understand other critical factors like urban economics, real estate development, and political, economic, and socials factors on a place.
Ali Madanipour has recognised the importance of urban design and its impacts on urban space. He argues that architect should understand the relationships between urban design and everyday life of users (Madanipour, 1996).
In the case of Baltimore re-invigoration, urban designers wanted to address social challenges. The designer aimed to create a city that could attract investors and ensure effective use of city resources. At the same time, it focused on tackling the problem of housing by addressing the shifting demographics through different types of housing.
Figure 1: Park Heights Redevelopment, Baltimore
The major challenge has been the use of public spaces due to overlapping responsibilities of residents, city authorities, and development agencies. These stakeholders may have competing interests on the use of public spaces and places. As a result, architects must consult widely in order to capture the visual appeal, structures, and management of public places (Deasy, 1990).
This can enhance functionality and create user-friendly designs in public spaces. In most cases, urban designers fail to exploit the artistic freedom that architecture provides. Madanipour observes the process of urban design is complex and wide in scope and may confuse architects (Madanipour, 1996).
Moreover, they also need interdisciplinary knowledge in diverse fields, which relate to architecture, land use, and urban planning. Overall, urban designers should account for use of public spaces, places, elements of nature, and historical features of an urban centre in their designs (McHarg, 1995).
Figure 2: Contemporary city depicting the use of public spaces and places
Figure 3: Modern urban design and planning
Conclusion Architecture, in its right context, should reflect relationships between structures in a given place. One must consider a single architectural structure as a part of a whole city. This is the idea of Prince Charles in his New Urbanism views. Contemporary architects must focus on designing and developing spaces and places, which are user-friendly and enrich users’ lives.
This is the main concept of architecture. In fact, contemporary urbanists should ensure that their creations engage users in dialogue with historical aspects of a place and beliefs. However, one must admit that several cities around the US and Europe are hostile to users. Contemporary architects have renewed interests in restoring the glory of cities and enhancing the quality of living.
Thus, cities would be good places and spaces, which are suitable for residential purposes and spending time. New Urbanism promises ‘world cities’ with quality architectural structures for mixed usages, which consist of residential areas, work neighbourhoods, plazas, shopping centres, water fountains, city parks, historical elements, space streets, and visual surprises.
Contemporary cities should have such places to enhance urban stay and quality of life. New Urbanism aims to re-invigorate public realm and restore deteriorated cities because of urbanisation and automobile. New urbanists may not realise their dreams from designs alone. Thus, it requires involvement of several stakeholders to determine usages and maintenance of public places and spaces.
Reference List CABE 2000, By Design, Urban Design in the Planning System: Towards Better Practice, Thomas Telford, London.
Croisé, E 1996, Euralille:The Making of a New City Centre, Birkhäuser, Boston.
Deasy, C 1990, Designing Places for People: A Handbook on Human Behavior for Architects, Designers and Facility Managers, Watson-Guptill, New York.
Duany , A, Plater-Zyberk, E and Speck, J 2010, Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream, North Point Press, New York.
Katz, P 1993, The New Urbanism – Towards an Architecture of Community, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Koolhaas, R 2004, Content, Taschen, Cologne.
Krier, R 1979, Urban Space, Rizzoli International Publications, New York.
Madanipour, A 1996, Design of Urban Space – An Enquiry into a Socio-spatial Process, Wiley, New York.
McHarg, I 1995, Design with Nature, Wiley, New York.
Milroy, B 2006, Thinking Planning and Urbanism, UBC Press, Toronto.
Moughtin, C 2003, Urban design: Street and square, 3rd edn, Elsevier, New York.
Prince Charles, H 1989, A Vision of Britain: A Personal View of Architecture, Doubleday, New York.
Rossi, A 1982, The Architecture of the City, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Sebestyen, G and Pollington, C 2003, New Architecture, Architectural Press, Oxford.
Trancik, R 1986, Finding Lost Space – Theories of Urban Design, John Wiley
Schizophrenia: Description, Development and Treatment Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Description of the Disorder
How the Disorder Develops
Studies on the Disorder
Review of Treatment Options
Success of Treatment
Description of the Disorder Schizophrenia is a severe condition of mind that has symptoms such as poor contact with reality, peculiar behavior, unsystematic speech and thinking, low expression of emotions, and social withdrawal. Although victims of the disorder may not manifest all these symptoms, they have an indication of some of them. Schizophrenia means a ‘split mind’.
It is worth noting that schizophrenia doe not result in split personality. Rather, it greatly alters the functioning of the mind. Victims of this personality disorder do not depict double personality. In fact, they may depict some characteristics that are close to those of a mad person (Lemma, 1996). Sometimes, people mistake schizophrenia to insanity.
The disease debilitates the lives of victims. Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 758) assert that people who suffer from schizophrenia have difficulties in distinguishing what is real and what is unreal in life, what is logical and illogical, and what is appropriate and inappropriate. Out of these effects, victims are not able to work well.
They cannot be in good relationships with others, go to school, and/or take good care of others. The victims are prone to committing suicide. They are also likely to be hospitalized due to personal inflicted injuries and suicidal thoughts. According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), there is no cure for the schizophrenia.
Therefore, victims experience the disorder for the rest of their life. Treatment is done after a doctor’s interview with the victim. However, treatment only suppresses the symptoms in an effort to enable victims’ to live better lives. This paper seeks to discuss schizophrenia as a personality disorder.
How the Disorder Develops According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), schizophrenia begins to develop in the early adulthood years of the victim from the age of 15 to 30 years. It is only in very few instances that the disease develops later in life. The initial development of the condition is slow. However, as the victim grows older, the condition develops faster. Victims normally experience a variation of the symptoms over time.
Researches indicate that the symptoms may become lesser in later years of the victim. It has also been found that 25% of the victims of schizophrenia become symptom-free later in their lives. Such symptoms of schizophrenia include delusion, hallucinations, uncanny conduct, disorganized communication and thinking, and social withdrawal.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Out of these symptoms, the victim develops uncontrolled movement. However, Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 757) observe that the victims do not appreciate that their minds are disrupted. When they depict hallucination symptoms, they have false beliefs in their minds. For example, a victim may believe that he or she is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces in his or her country thus beginning to behave like a person with such a position.
In other instances, victims may believe that other people are spying on them, or that other people within their surrounding can ‘hear’ what they are thinking about in any given time. Therefore, the victim may feel insecure or begin to hide or sometimes turn violent to his or her neighbors. Such individuals may also believe that the police are looking for them, or an aircraft that flies around them is looking for them.
In some cases, getting them to the doctors proves difficult since they may believe that doctors want to treat them of a disease that they are not suffering from. Hallucination is normally characterized by false sensory perceptions. Victims experience various symptoms. For example, Van Dyke (2013, p. 51) asserts that victims smell, see, and touch unrealistic things.
When they experience auditory hallucinations, they hear sounds that do not exist in reality. Researches indicate that such voices may include the voice of a known or unknown person ordering the victim to behave in a certain way or to do something (Lilienfeld et al. 2010). The voice may also be of certain people who talk about the victim, hence annoying him or her.
According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), bizarre behaviors as symptoms of schizophrenia include characteristics such as victims talking to themselves, laughing suddenly for no apparent reason, walking backwards instantly, masturbating in public, or even making funny faces in public. They may maintain a particular bizarre act for long hours without an end. In some cases, the victim may just keep on moving without a sense of direction, or keep on jumping for no reason.
When schizophrenic patients experience disorganized thinking and speech, it is easy to identify them. These affected people talk in nonsensical ways, utter confused words, and have confused thoughts. For example, when talking or discussing with others, they mix various ideas and topics. In other instances, the speech may go low since the mind also works slowly.
For example, they use very few words and talk very slowly. Others decide to keep quiet even when they are expected to say something. In some instances, they may keep quiet at the middle of a conversation thus leaving the other people perplexed. Another symptom of schizophrenia is social withdrawal. The victims may act in ways that suggest that other people do not exist at all.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Schizophrenia: Description, Development and Treatment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In some cases, the victim ignores the decision or the wellbeing of other people completely. In fact, he or she may act as if he or she is just alone in the world. Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 759) argue that, in extreme cases, schizophrenic people may completely avoid others. Sometimes, the victims may have blank facial expressions hence making it difficult to know what they are thinking.
They do not send any signals both verbally and nonverbally. Others will just avoid eye contact with other people. For example, the victim may immediately look down or sideways whenever one looks at them straight through their eyes.
Studies on the Disorder Researches indicate that approximately 1% of the people who exist in the world experience schizophrenia at certain points of their lives. In addition, researches also indicate that roughly 1.8 million people who live in the United States suffer from schizophrenia. The presence of schizophrenia cuts across cultures, age, and sex. Women have less severe experiences of symptoms, hence recording lesser hospitalization cases and better social life in relation to men.
Cases of schizophrenia are not very specific. In fact, researches indicate that the disorder is caused by various factors. Scientists believe that schizophrenia is caused by genetic factors, structural brain abnormalities, chemical imbalance in the brain, and prenatal development abnormality resulting from the environment (Lemma, 1996).
In addition to people who are predisposed to schizophrenia, experience of stressful life may result in the development of the psychological disorder (Lilienfeld et al. 2010). Researches on genetic factors indicate that genes that are inherited from parents may predispose someone to the condition. For example, studies reveal that, the more closely that an individual is related to a person with the condition, the more likely he or she is to have the condition.
According to Van Dyke (2013, 51) studies show that children of a schizophrenia victim have up to 13% likelihood of contracting the disease. Children from parents suffering from schizophrenia have approximately 46% chances of developing the condition. However, those in the ordinary society have 1% likelihood of developing schizophrenia.
Other researches point out that chemical imbalance in the brain neurotransmitters may also result in the condition. The neurotransmitters enable brain cells to communicate. When there are excess activities of dopamine in certain areas of the brain, the condition develops. Amphetamines increases dopamine activity thus making psychotic symptoms in victims of schizophrenia.
Serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter, also exacerbates the schizophrenic condition in the victim. Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 757) affirm that the use of brain imaging, for example magnetic resonance and positron-emission tomography, indicates structural abnormalities in the brains of victims, for instance, having larger brain ventricles, small volumes of the brain tissue, low activities of the brain lobe that controls judgment, planning, and thought.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Schizophrenia: Description, Development and Treatment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In prenatal environmental causes, pregnant women who are exposed to the influenza virus are likely to have a baby who will develop schizophrenia. Delivery of children with forceps increases the chances of children getting schizophrenia.
Review of Treatment Options Although no cure for schizophrenia has been realized, treatment of the condition through medication, treatment of the symptoms and problems that victims go through, and rehabilitation enables them to live a better life. Medical treatment of schizophrenia use antipsychotic drugs.
According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), antipsychotic drugs that have been adapted include resperidone, olanzapine, clozapine, quetiaphine, haloperidol, thioridazine, fluphenazine, trifuoperazine, and chlorpromazine. The medication is taken for the rest of the victim’s life to control the symptoms. However, Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 757) argue that medication may not treat other symptoms of the condition such as withdrawal from social life and apathy.
Sometimes, it can cause muscle spasms, terdive dyskinesia, and cramps. Fatal conditions such as agranulocytosis may also result. Psychological and social rehabilitation has also worked in checking schizophrenia. This strategy also teaches them self-care skills such as personal hygiene, nutrition, and financial management.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, which is a type of psychotherapy, enables that victim to reduce hallucinations, social withdrawal, and delusion. Family members also come in to understand and monitor that victims take medication by monitoring their symptoms. Associated problems such as substance abuse, for instance drug abuse, are also treatable. Diseases such as hepatitis B and C, and HIV among others can be managed through medication.
Success of Treatment Treatment of schizophrenic victims has been successful especial with antipsychotic drugs. However, up to date, there is no cure for schizophrenia. Patients of the condition have to take medication for the rest of their lives. According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 56), combination of medication and therapy helps patients to live better and comfortable lives. However, medication has side effects. Management of such side effect has enabled victims to have a healthy life.
Conclusion Schizophrenia is a mental condition that has no cure. It affects a big percentage of people. A victim that I have witnessed depicted various symptoms such as hallucination and delusion. The victim has been treated by the use of antipsychotic drugs and therapy. However, he has depicted side effects, for instance constipation due to medication and weight gain. The use of antipsychotic drugs reduced the symptoms by 80-90% on the patient.
Reference List Lemma, A. (1996). Introduction to Pscychopathology. London, Sage Publications.
Lilienfeld, S. et al. (2010). Psychology: A Framework for Everyday Thinking. London: Pearson Publishers.
E-business for Pete Moss Proposal college essay help near me: college essay help near me
E-business is the most appropriate strategy for Pete Moss. The strategy will enable the entrepreneur to increase profits and improve customer service. It is highly recommended for the man due to the nature of the business he runs.
Based on the nature of the business, it is evident that Pete does not offer physical products, which may require the presence of a physical business premises. Tax preparation is a service that can be done online without difficulties. In this case, Pete should consider moving his business to the online world where customer interaction will be enhanced.
Recommendation of E-business as a strategy is also based on Pete’s lifestyle. As indicated in the case, Pete has a busy social life and therefore can only work five days a week. The entrepreneur also spends his weekends skiing. The other reason is that the customer traffic for the business is very unpredictable since most of the clients visit the office on a random pattern.
Therefore, the company has to incur idle time since the employees are forced to wait for the customers in the office. The other issue that causes idleness among the employees is that all the clients come to the office with the processed data.
Pete’s decision to charge fixed prices to the clients also qualifies the business to operate online. The fixed pricing method is very effective in E-business where customers are guided by the pricing strategy and the quality of services offered by the business. It will also be very effective in the management of online business.
So, the customers will enjoy the reduced expenses in upfront costs that are associated with processing the tax returns. The approach will enable Pete to achieve repeat purchases from brand loyal clients and attract new customers in the market.
To expand the business at a very low cost, Pete should consider E-business as the most appropriate strategy. This business type will allow him to increase the number of client visits from 3 per week as indicated in the case to 5 per week. For instance, reasoning from the information provided by the marketing research firm, Pete will achieve an average client visit rate of 3.75 per week. This implies that to achieve an average of 3.75 visits, the highest figure can be five while the lowest figure can be three.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The figures are very reliable because the research company used the Poisson distribution method to determine the frequency of customer visits. From these results, it is evident that Pete has a great opportunity to increase the traffic. E-business will guarantee the operation of 7 days per week compared to 5 days per week.
Increased customer visits will translate to high traffic and profits to the organization. For example, initially Pete had 3 arrivals weekly where each client paid a fixed fee of $ 550, which leads to $ 1650 of revenues. With the implementation of E-business, the rate of arrivals will be 3.75 per week while the customers will pay the same amount of $ 550 per one individual.
This leads to $ 2062.5 in revenues. From the calculations, it is therefore evident that Pete will not only increase the number of customer visits, but also enlarges the revenue earnings from the business. Pete will enjoy the growth in revenue of $ 412.5, which translates to 25% increase in revenue.
In addition, Pete will reduce the cost of operation since he may not require the assistance of senior and junior accountants. The business will also cut expenses associated with the cost of labor, the cost of rent, power, and overhead expenses incurred in the operation of the business. The approach will enable the organization to enhance efficiency as well as allow Pete to pursue other needs in life.
One should consider that tax return process requires online operations for the success of the business. The process involves data entry and management appropriate for online transactions. From the case, all the processes can be done online with no need in a physical office.
For instance, initial meeting with a client, which takes approximately 3 hours, can be done online when the client has presented the data. To achieve this, Pete should organize the website to enhance customer interaction. This can include the automatic response system that does not require the presence of Pete for routine operations.
The data review, which is the next process in the system, can also be done automatically by developing effective software. The software will replace the need of a junior accountant. The review process should also be automated to make it possible for Pete to multitask on the related activities of the business.
We will write a custom Proposal on E-business for Pete Moss specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The next process is the input of data into the computer. This stage may require Pete to hire one junior accountant. However, the workload will be greatly reduced and the accountant can be encouraged to do the job on a part-time basis. Pete will only be required to review the initial output. The presence of the review software will also allow Pete to reduce his own workload and pay attention to other customers visiting the business.
Moreover, the automated system can check the missing forms. To facilitate this process, Pete should ensure that all the tax codes are filled in every form. Using appropriate formulas, the system should also enable Pete to review the relevant tax codes in a given order.
Meeting the client after the data review is the key stage in the business that will require the presence of the entrepreneur. Thus, Pete should meet the customer and perform the final analysis to ensure that data is free from errors. This is one of the activities in the business that will necessitate the online presence of the man.
Such tools like Skype and other video enabled communication devices may be used to enhance customer experience. These tools can let Pete attend to different meetings connected to the customers’ needs and handle all the queries raised by them. The process is also important for Pete to predict consumer behavior and identify new business opportunities that can be applied for further improvement of the performance in the organization.
E-business will benefit both the customers and the entrepreneur. Pete will not only reduce the number of accountants to one, but also improve on the quality of the services offered. The process description of the business activities reveals that Pete may only require the assistance of one accountant.
Moreover, the accountant will only work on a part-time basis, which will enable Pete to reduce the labor costs while at the same time improve labor productivity. However, the involvement of the junior accountant in the business can be eliminated if Pete decides to adopt an effective automated system with reliable software. The software will perform all activities such as data entry and checking the missing forms in the system.
Pete should also consider E-business in order to balance his personal life with the needs of the business. For example, the adoption of E-business will only require Pete to perform one important activity in the process description. The rest of the activities in the process can be performed by the software. On the other hand, Pete only meets the clients during the final review process. This strategy will let the entrepreneur meet other needs in life.
The initial capital required for the strategy will be $ 2000, which will be spent in building the website for the business. A comparison of the initial capital and the expected revenues indicates that the strategy is not only profitable, but also very sustainable. For instance, from the revenue calculations, Pete will earn $ 2062.5 per week. This means that the entrepreneur can recover the initial capital within one week.
Not sure if you can write a paper on E-business for Pete Moss by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More E-business fosters convenience to the entrepreneur and to the customers of the business. In this case, the customers will perform their transactions from their premises. This will make it possible for the clients to reduce the cost of travelling and the time consumed.
The approach will also allow the organization to reduce the expense resulting from order processing cost and response to customer requirements. The clients of the business will get enough time to evaluate the services provided by the organization and make informed decisions. The customers will also shorten the time spent in processing the transactions.
The proper error detection is another key advantage that will enable the business to improve the quality of services and enhance customer satisfaction. For example, in this case, proper coding of the tax forms will facilitate the operations of the system. E-business will also result in improving on the presentation of the services offered to the customers.
Thus, a well designed website with high quality graphics will convey a positive image to the consumers and also develops the brand preference. The approach will make Pete attract more customers to the site and reduce the cost of advertisement.
The access to information is a vital element in online marketing because it betters customer awareness on different brands in the market. The strategy will therefore enable the customers to access adequate data on the services offered by the business.
Online business tools such as search engines and product catalogs will provide reliable information to the clients. In addition, E-business will get a valuable opportunity for the organization to expand in other markets. Pete’s business will attract different consumers from different regions with various needs.
Expansion into new markets makes it possible for the organization to increase its revenues and profits. Based on the advantages of E-business, Pete should therefore consider this approach as the best advice. The strategy will not only enable the entrepreneur to improve the performance of the business, but also achieve a desired balance between the social needs of life and the business requirements. To this end, Pete will run a successful business and achieve all the requirements on the social aspect of life.
Management Practices in the Navy Exploratory Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Planning
The Navy is one of the arms of the armed forces charged with protecting national interests against external aggression. Militaries worldwide are known for their rigid and strict management structures. This purpose of the strictness is to ensure that all members of the forces observe discipline. This paper reviews how the Navy handles planning, leading, organizing, staffing, and controlling functions.
Planning In management terms, planning refers to the activities undertaken to determine priorities and to allocate resources. Apart from the well-known military leadership style, management scholars also recognize the contribution of the military to the discipline of strategic planning.
Strategic planning arose when militaries found it necessary to develop long-term plans for prolonged military campaigns. In the Navy, several types of plans exist depending on the level of command handling it. Decisions to go to war or to carry out aggressive or defensive maneuvers are made centrally at the highest level of military command.
The approval to go to war is only the first step for military planners. At the high command, military strategists develop engagement options and determine the level of troop deployments needed for specific campaigns. These decisions are then communicated down the ranks for implementation.
The nature of the work of the Navy makes it impossible to use consultative decision-making models. Once the high command issues orders, the lower level officers have no option but to implement the orders. At the unit level, unit commanders have the duty of making tactical plans to achieve the overall aims of a specific military exercise. They make decisions based on the prevailing circumstances to ensure that the soldiers under them fulfill the commands of the superiors.
At the level of the individual soldier, planning is essentially a matter of personal management to ensure readiness for service whenever called upon. Unit commanders may consult with soldiers before issuing orders, just like the high command usually consults with unit commanders before decisions are made, but never after orders are issued.
Leading While the debate on the difference between management and leadership rages on, it is clear that the military needs leadership as much as it needs management. Leadership usually involves skills like defining a vision, motivating followers, and acquiring resources to meet the demands of the vision. In this regard, the Navy has a formalized leadership structure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The organizational structure of the Navy is hierarchical. Everyone reports to his or her immediate superior all the way to the top commanders. Top commanders usually do the casting of vision in the Navy. Top commanders usually outline the objectives of a military exercise in addresses to troops. This allows all soldiers along the ranks to understand the purpose of any commands that they receive from the high command.
In addition, it prepares the troops psychologically to participate in the exercise. Soldiers need motivation to ensure that their morale remains high during wars. Morale plays a key role in the operations of the Navy. In this regard, it is normal for senior officers to visit troops who are due for deployment to motivate them. In situations of widespread war, the top Navy commanders regularly visit troops who are due for deployment to motivate them.
The third aspect of leadership in the military is maintaining discipline. No military outfit can exist as a functional unit without discipline. Enforcement of discipline is devolved down the ranks, with superior officers taking charge of disciplinary issues affecting their immediate charges. In severe cases, soldiers face a court-martial if their activities break the military code of service.
Organizing Organization is a very complex aspect of the management of the Navy. The Navy originally fought only in the water on battleships. Battleships are still a central part of the Navy’s arsenal but the arsenal is now much larger. In fact, the Navy is capable of fighting a full battle without any support from the Army or the Air Force. The Navy has airbases, aircraft carriers, and barracks on the mainland.
The introduction of airplanes to naval warfare arose from the flexibility that planes added to the strategic efforts of battleships. It was easy to send a plane ahead to scout for enemy ships in order to plan an attack. The planes also served as bombers because they could drop bombs on enemy ships with a high degree of accuracy and speed, but will very low casualties.
It takes considerable effort to organize a war effort. Whole industries exist to supply the Navy with the provisions needed to be ready for war at all times. These provisions include armament, and allied equipment. It also includes items such as food, medical supplies, and naval fatigues, among others. The Navy has very many professionals in its ranks.
These professionals include logisticians and statisticians, as well as project management professionals. They form a very important component of naval organization because they ensure that all supplies reach the Navy in time to keep the entire fighting force ready for war.
We will write a custom Essay on Management Practices in the Navy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The organization of the soldiers follows the chain of command. High-level commanders issue orders and the officers down the ranks implement the orders. Each officer plans and organizes his unit by acquiring the supplies needed to execute the orders from the top commanders.
Staffing Staffing in the Navy is a very critical aspect of its existence. Luckily, the supply of potential candidates always outstrips the demand for them, except during wartime. The last time that there was a huge demand for naval officers was during the Second World War. Since then, it has been possible to join the Navy and later retire without seeing combat. The Navy uses a very strict recruitment process to hire soldiers and other officers.
The Navy receives written requests from interested persons who want to join military service. The recruitment officers then determine which of the candidates that have applied meet the minimum standards for recruitment. It then invites them for a series of evaluations that culminates in recruitment. The stages include a recruitment test, an interview, medical tests, and fitness tests.
These tests ensure that a new recruit has numeracy and literacy skills as well as the physical profile needed for effective service in the Navy. In recent years, it has become necessary to carry out security screening of recruits because of the increased terror activities in the world. The background checks help to deter terrorists from becoming naval officers in disguise.
The process described above covers the recruitment of soldiers. However, the Navy needs a wide range of [professional such as doctors, engineers, and logisticians. The Navy recruits some of these professionals after they have acquired the professional qualifications, and it trains some of them internally. The basic recruitment requirements usually apply with some variations to account for the time spent in other careers.
Controlling Control is a very critical aspect of management because it ensures that an organization remains in good shape to operate. The main function of control in an organization is to enforce the prudent use of resources. In the Navy, resources that require strict controls include time, armament, soldiers, among others. The control of arms that are in the custody of the Navy is very critical to ensure that all soldiers have the weapons they need, whenever a need arises.
The control of the availability and use of weapons also ensures that the weapons do not fall into the wrong hands. Time is a very precious resource within the Navy and in all fighting groups. The ability to deploy rapidly can mean the difference between averting an enemy attack, and losing a battle. The Navy, as well as other armed forces, has strict time management standards.
The control of soldiers is also a very crucial aspect of management in the Navy. A fighting unit is a group. This makes it susceptible to the negative effects of group dynamics. Therefore, naval officers take time to ensure that soldiers under their charge are disciplined and ready to take orders at all times. The control methods used include placing restrictions on travel, social activities, and general conduct of soldiers both within naval facilities and within the wider community.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Management Practices in the Navy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion The Navy is a very good example of the military leadership style. The cardinal value of military management is efficiency. The five functions of management reviewed in this paper shows that the Navy uses its resources to ensure that it is ready as a unit to respond to any demand for its services.
Reference List Flannes, S.,
Differences in Processing of Information Between the Young and Elderly People Compare and Contrast Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Academic Overview
Differences in Processing Information
Statement Evaluation and Inhibition
Academic Overview In order to attain academic success, it is important to understand how the human brain processes and stores information. In addition, it is important to determine whether the old and young people process information in the same way. In this regard, it is hypothesized that young people and the old ones process information differently. This paper will compare the differences in processing of information between the young and elderly people.
Differences in Processing Information In a human brain, information is only processed after storage (Izquierdo, 1998). The information is stored in two main memories which include long-term and short-term memories. Short-term memory stores information for a short period implying that a person can lose that information easily. On the other hand, long-term memory stores information for a considerably long time. Information is maintained in the long-term memory by the structure of some unique proteins which become depleted as age advances (Izquierdo, 1998).
This implies that a young person’s brain has a lot of proteins which store information in the long-term memory. On the contrary, old people have fewer proteins than the young ones. As a result, a young person has a higher capacity to store information in the long-term memory than an old individual. This implies that an old person stores much information in the short-term memory while little information is stored in the long-term memory.
As a result, the elderly person retains very little information in the long-term memory. This accounts for the memory lapses that occur in the mind of old people while the young ones experience few cases of memory lapses. Therefore, it is evident that young students are better learners than old student. In fact, it is hypothesized that people attending school when they are your excel academically. On the other hand, the ones attending school during their old age experience a lot of academic difficulties.
Statement Evaluation and Inhibition In regard to the statement, it focuses on the changes that occur in the brain. It means that the brain reduces its effectiveness as time progresses due to biological depletion of brain cells. The reduction in effectiveness of the brain could be portrayed by evaluating inhibition. Inhibition is the capability of the brain to ignore stimuli which are irrelevant to the task. For example, a hornbill’s noise is irrelevant to solving a sum in class.
Inhibition enables the brain to memorize important information (Mangun, 2013). When a person stores unrelated information in the memory, it causes confusion in the brain owing to storage of incompatible codes. This confusion causes difficulties when a person is processing information (Mangun, 2013).
In this regard, inhibition helps the person to ignore irrelevant stimuli in order to store and process important information only. As a result, the person retains a lot of information in the brain leading to better memory (Mangun, 2013). The level of inhibition in young people is higher than the old ones (Mangun, 2013).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Face Recognition Obermeyer et al. (2012) conducted a research regarding the relationship between face recognition and age. He conducted the research to investigate whether the ability to recognize faces is affected by age.
In this light, he realized that old people’s ability to recognize the face of a person is not affected by vertical and horizontal orientations (Obermeyer et al., 2012). On the other hand, the author contended that young people recognize faces that are oriented horizontally in a better manner than the ones which are oriented vertically (Obermeyer et al., 2012).
References Izquierdo, I. (1998). Short- And Long-Term Memory. Behavioral pharmacology, 9(5), 46.
Mangun, G. (2013). Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention Signals of the Mind. Burlington: Elsevier Science.
Obermeyer, S., Kolling, T., Schaich, A.,
Environmental Impact – Life Cycle Assessment Thesis argumentative essay help
Introduction In Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, housing and building sectors consume a third of their energy. This is an accumulation of the energy consumed in the production of construction materials, machinery, assemblies, and the shipment of construction materials.
On the other hand, the non-building sectors account for 30-50% of all commodities consumed and are responsible for 40% of solid waste. With the increase in environmental degradation and the effects of global warming, more resources are becoming scarce. Global Footprint Network asserts that it is uncertain if limited resources will maintain human consumption in the near future.
To reduce the trail of the built environment, humans must come up with interventions, which will enhance building efficacy with respect to operational logic and a material logic. To attain these developments, practices such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) offer practical knowledge and aid in identifying design alternatives that decrease environmental degradation.
In Australia, more construction practitioners and policy makers emphasize on sustainability. It is the duty of the LCA practitioners and relevant authorities to offer appropriate BMCC-LCA information and to ensure that the information can be gathered at the B/C level in an appropriate manner.
As interventions are being sought to lessen the effects of construction, Life Cycle Assessment is considered as a goal gauge to evaluate construction plans that evade challenges. To enhance the use of Life Cycle Assessment, construction related decision-making, strategies like the AusLCI projects have been created to expand and preserve the information required in LCA’s undertaking. Based on these themes, this analysis investigates the use of Life Cycle Assessment by evaluating classic and unconventional Australian homes.
Methodology ISO defines Life Cycle Assessment as a collection and assessment of the efforts, products and the probable ecological impacts of a product system throughout its Lifecycle. At the present, Life Cycle Assessment has expanded into a key instrument for sustainability decision support. Its importance is yet to be established in accordance with the quality and support it offers. LCA was created when the need for environmental policy became a key issue in Economic Co-operation and Development countries.
The chief essentials of the Life Cycle Assessment are illustrated in the study. In general, Life Cycle Assessment is the procedure of evaluating prospective impacts that manufactured goods, procedures, or services have on the surroundings in their over the life cycles. Figures can be used to demonstrate the life cycle organization notion of natural resources. In the figures, energy can be illustrated inflowing into the system, whereas products and refuse can be illustrated exiting the system.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The framework for LCA
LCA’s technological structure comprises of four mechanisms, namely goal and scope description, inventory study, impact evaluation, and analysis. Each of these mechanisms has a crucial role in the study. They are interconnected throughout the entire evaluation with respect to modern ISO terms.
Goal and scope definition
This mechanism involves the process of deciding on the scope, aims, and limits of the LCA. At the start of an LCA, the objective and the range of the project should evidently define. The objective must state explicitly the proposed function of the project, the addressees, the expected output, the function to be analysed, and the extent of the project. To define the extent of the project, reference units, system limits and data quality necessities should be addressed.
Inventory analysis comprises of compilation, examination, and justification of information that enumerate the suitable contributions and productivity of a product system. This approach makes use of linked mass balance models to describe the inputs and the outputs for each part. The outcome comprises of a procedure flow chart, an inventory of all discharges, and resources and energy inputs that are linked with the product under examination.
Impact assessment determines the surrounding effects of both the inputs and the outputs. The key intention of carrying out an impact assessment is to recognize and ascertain the connection between a product life cycle and its prospective surrounding impacts. This stage comprises of three phases. The phases are aimed at assessing the implication of the stated environmental impacts with respect to the product under study.
The initial phase comprises of categorization of the outcomes, allocate the elemental flows to effect groups, and computing their roles in the impact. The next phase comprises of the assessment of the impact consequences with respect to the nationwide impact levels. The last stage is the weighting of the obtained outcomes to facilitate the computation of a single indicator result. Concerning this study, the first two stages will be analyzed.
This approach aims at analysing the different ways to reduce environmental impacts. As such, the interpretation is a methodical review of the obtained results in relative to the goal and scope. Through this, the conclusions of the surrounding profile of the merchandise or system being evaluated is obtained.
Besides the basic LCA method, definite methods can be employed in projects aimed at coming up with inventory data for construction material quantities and energy utilization over the life of the construction.
We will write a custom Thesis on Environmental Impact – Life Cycle Assessment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Goal of the study
The aim of this project is to contrast the effects linked with the systems’ resources and end-of-life management. Through this, the probable results of a full life cycle assessment are obtained. The study makes use of LCA methods to compute and contrast the greenhouse possibility and cumulative energy demand of some building plans. These plans comprise of the following:
Contemporary, timber-frame brick-veneer house plan of equal floor area and internal amenity.
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with polystyrene lagging R1.5
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with rock wool lagging R1.5
Scope of Analysis
Description of product systems under investigation
This project centres on the structural material fundamentals of a house. It contrasts the surrounding affects caused by the material systems linked with the subsequent house plans:
Contemporary, timber-frame brick-veneer house plan of equal floor area and internal amenity
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with polystyrene lagging R1.5
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with rock wool lagging R1.5
In the scope, fixtures and the fittings within the construction cover are not included. The floor designs for each plan have equal living space. The dissimilarity between the house plans linked with the structural fundamentals, shield systems, or partition systems. All house plans depend on a toughened concrete slab base and contemporary timber roof system. The windows and doors are also reserved equal spaces in all the three plans.
The chief aim of the functional unit is to offer a reasonable gauge to contrast the houses chosen with respect with the respect to the services offered by the houses. The suburban living space comprised of a unit single storey construction of 100.2 m2 of liveable area for a period of 60 years, in Melbourne, Australia. The functional unit was a one square meter of internal floor area for a period of 1 year.
The life cycle phases of this study comprise:
Embodied effects linked to materials employed
Waste supervision of resources at end of life
The system boundary illustrates the procedures that are incorporated in the study together with resources and energy flows back and forth the surrounding linked with the construction and disposal life cycle phases. The system limits of this project comprise:
Procedures for mining and manufacture of the raw materials;
Transportation and alteration of the materials into products;
End of life waste supervision of the materials such as recycling and land filling.
Because building types have an effect on the structures’ thermal performance, heating and cooling set effects have been incorporated. Prominent omissions from the system are internal decoration, furnishing, floor casings, cabinetry, window casings, electrical fit-ups, plumbing fitting-up, garden, exterior concrete and mechanical system infrastructures. Similarly, domestic devices, house waste generation, and water utilization have been omitted from the system.
Procedures that do not affect the construction cover have also been omitted from the system limits. These include capital equipment, human resource, fixtures, and fittings. Construction effects were estimated by modelling the transportation of material to the site. On site of fabrication, effects are estimated to be negligible for all building plans.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Environmental Impact – Life Cycle Assessment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Life Cycle Impact Assessment method
The process interprets emissions, resource mining, and other efforts towards the distinct surrounding or inventory pointers.
Life Cycle Inventory
Inventory data This part shows the data and the assumptions employed in the creation of the life cycle inventory (LCI) for the goods chosen in the project. Unless otherwise specified, procedure information is accounted in the level by which they were at first accounted. The catalogue was created from the data indicating the cost of materials.
Material quantities Material quantities for the home chosen were from the conventional Australian 3 bedroom house. Roof, base, windows, and floor plan layout were unchanged.
Material quantities for the home were created from computed wall, window, base and roof areas. The standard quantity factors were computed with respect to Lawson, which have been modified to contain more practical quantities for foundation systems, raised floor systems, and to identify the conventional construction material sizes. This method is analogous to that used by Maddox.
Material Bill In the model created, supplementary materials such as windows, soaking, insulation, door hardware, doors, damp course and concrete membrane were also were also incorporated.
Building life Building life was approximated to be 60 years. This guess is in accordance with other projects and Australian Building Codes Board guidance (ABCB 2006).
Building operation Building procedure and repairs are incorporated in the study. Operational effects are only restricted to the prerequisite of heating and cooling. Additional operational effects such as hot water, appliances, lighting are omitted from the system chosen.
Every building type evaluated was modelled with the help of AccuRate energy simulation kit. Thereafter, energy efficiency enhancements were regulated to obtain a star rating of six stars in accordance with the climate zones of Melbourne.
Energy sources for heating and cooling To interpret the energy utilization throughout construction operation into environmental effects, suppositions concerning the heating and cooling systems used were needed. In support of heating and cooling, an electric reverse cycle-air-condition system is assumed to have employed. For warming, it is assumed that the normal coefficient of performance (COP) is 4.27. With respect to cooling, the energy efficiency ratio (EER) is 4.04.
The figures were determined with respect to the operations of air condition varieties found in the market. The thermal operations of cooling and heating air condition were necessitated. The Carbon effects in every 1KWh of electricity used were 1.11 kg CO2-aqua (Australian LCI database).
Maintenance necessities for the construction have been projected using approximated replacement rates. Generally, replacement frequencies are equivalent to or more advanced than technical design lives mentioned in the existing literatures. Accumulation of maintenance impact is presumed to take place linearly from the start of house operation. This is in contrast with discrete intervals thus evading interval truncation errors. Dumping of workings replaced is presumed to be to landfill.
Front-position transport procedures considered using the likely transport distances and approaches. In the list below, the chief transport distances and modes have been summarised.
Concrete starting at Nowra to Berry: distance covered by concrete truck was 17.4 km
Bricks starting at Nowra to Berry: distance covered by articulated truck distance was 17.4 km
Steel starting at Wollongong to Berry: distance covered by articulated truck was 61.4 km
Collarbone sheet starting at Wollongong to Berry: distance covered by articulated truck was 61.4 km
Oriented strand board (OSB) starting at Austria to Perth: Articulated truck starting at St Johan (Austria) to Slovenia covered 337 km
Sea freight starting at Slovenia to Perth via Singapore covered 19,443 km, and articulated truck starting at Freemantle to Perth covered 20 km
SIPS panels starting at Perth to Berry: Diesel train freight (4352 km)
SIPS panels starting at Sydney to Berry: Articulated truck (144 km)
Container component starting at China to Berry: Articulated road freight to Shanghai port (10 km), sea freight to Sydney was 8604.3 km, and articulated road freight starting at Sydney to Berry covered 143.7 km.
Structural soft and hard wood: Articulate truck (200 km); approximation only
Every other transport representation was based on catalogues found in the backdrop databases. Road cargo distances were employed together with Australian Life Cycle Catalogue and ecoinvent unit procedures for articulated trucks.
These catalogues include the effects of backhauls together with unfilled returns with respect to regional averages. Sea cargo distances were approximated with the use port-to-port cargo distances accessible from shippingdistances.com. The catalogue for global shipping freight inventory from ecoinvent was employed.
End of life
Post-consumer throwaway catalogue were designed for each object and dumping area. The end-of-life comprised of management in landfill and building and demolition recycling. The divide amid these end-of-life managements was developed with the use of information for every object and are considered.
Approach to recycling
Recycling procedure represented the effects linked with the assortment and reprocessing of waste products into usable products. As well, credits were useful in recycling because they lead to the evasion of resources from virgin sources. Regional-distinct catalogues were created for every recycling procedure.
Despite the fact that these approximations are perceived to be adequate to contrast substitute-building styles, in addition they could be improved by a project that comprises of actual measurements particularly in relation to building material quantities and waste on-site.
Life cycle inventory
Life cycle inventory leads to the postulations necessitated concerning the cost of material quantities and generally operational necessities that are grounded on hypothetical approximations rather than real measures. The catalogues and outcomes of this project are grounded in current supply-chain specific data.
Use phase exclusion
The appraisal reviewed the effects of the material and end of life systems only. The omission of the utilization phase implies that a full life cycle was not selected. The directional character of the results may vary if the usage of phase is incorporated
Impact assessment methodology
To evaluate possible surrounding impacts, the project does not distinguish between national and international impacts. With respect to some environmental indicators, this can be vital.
LCIA outcomes are comparative expressions. Therefore, they do not forecast effects on class endpoints, the extended thresholds, safety limits or threats and, when incorporated as a fraction of the LCA.
Cumulative energy demand indicator
Whenever fossil-based energy is employed, CED can illustrate a relationship with global warming possibility. Nevertheless, whenever renewable energy systems are used, CED will not illustrate any relationship with any environmental pointer.
Impact assessment results
The outcomes of the project were not aimed at reflecting an industry-wide outcome of construction in Australia, or to portray prospective surrounding effects of making use of the considered products mentioned in all situations.
Secure Software Project Management Research Paper college essay help near me
Table of Contents Abstract
Project Risk Management
Secure Configuration Management
Software Quality Assurance and Security
Abstract Secure software project management comprises the steps that should be taken by software producers in their quest to provide good software to the market. Software production is a very challenging bit in information technology due to the nature of computer software that can be produced to do different functions.
The need to come up with secure projects for software project management has been necessitated by the fact that the software has become a very integral part of the present-day society due to dependence by the society on computers to run different functions.
The use of computers in the day-to-day running of activities has therefore called for the setting up of standards that will guarantee aspects such as security of the software by ensuring that ethical elements of the software production process are followed in an attempt to achieve a sustainable production of better and improved software over time.
This therefore calls for a concerted effort between all stakeholders in the industry as a way of coming up with the best standards that can be followed during software production. With this light in mind, the question, ‘what role should stakeholders play to guarantee software security and hence information assurance?’ forms the basis of argument of this paper.
Project Risk Management The evident technological advancement is the primary cause of the many incidences of computer insecurity. Hackers have managed to take advantage of the technology to crack into the information banks of other parties without the parties’ consent to perform malicious acts. During software development, several risks are involved, thus calling for all stakeholders to develop strategies to manage the risk for the project to be successful.
Some risks can be easily identified while others may not, or may never be identified because of the complex nature of software development use and management that makes it multifaceted when it comes to managing the risks involved.
Therefore, as highlighted in the next section, the involved parties need to be aware of the role of project risk management in a bid to implement the various risk handling steps in the computer sector as a strategy of guaranteeing security of information that is shared among people and/or organizations. The diagram below shows the steps that they can use for an effective risk management process.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Risk Assessment Risk assessment is the first step in managing risks. It involves finding out the possible risks that the given project might face during its development and execution. During this stage, the risk threats to the project are usually highlighted with regard to the purpose that the software is going to serve. Different types of software attract different kinds of interests from players in the industry.
Therefore, software serving very sensitive and lucrative purposes attracts a lot of attention from groups such as hackers (Otniel, 2013, p. 88). Steps can only be taken after the risk has been identified. The next stage involves identifying the risks that can be handled by the persons preparing the software along with the ones that cannot be handled.
The complexity of software development indicates that different software developers have different abilities and hence the reason for continuous emergence of new software by new developers. Developers usually see what they are doing with a different eye relative to other developers. Therefore, the risks that can be identified can easily be solved in this case. There are those risks that are beyond the developers of the programs.
These can only be identified for further research. The solutions for the risks should outweigh the risks because a project that is full of risks is as good as desolate (Otniel, 2013, p. 90). In identifying the risks, standards have been put in place that programmers are supposed to use when working.
Some of the risks identified include technical factors such as the necessary technical abilities to do certain projects, insufficient budget to carry out a project, operational risks that may be due to unforeseen factors, as well as schedule risks (Otniel, Bibu
Telstra Company Knowledge Management Report college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Knowledge Management Failure at Telstra
Proposal for a Knowledge Management System for Telstra
Content Management System
Document Management System
Decision Support System
Promotion of Acceptance and Assimilation
List of References
Introduction Information is a very important tool in the normal running of organization. Within an organization, there should be a clear management and flow of information between the management and the employees in order to harmonize its operations. Knowledge management has gained a lot of attention from various scholars and managements in the past.
It has come out clearly that one reason why firms fail to meet their expectations in their various fields is lack of clear knowledge management. As an organization increases in size, the need to have knowledge management increases. This is because different people will be assigned different tasks, and one group may not have knowledge of what the other group is doing.
However, all the members of the organization should be aware of all the activities taking place within the organization in order to eliminate cases of omission or overlapping of tasks. There should be a clear flow of information from the management to the employees to ensure that all that they engage in are in accordance with the strategic objectives of the organization.
It is upon this that many organizations have come to appreciate the importance of knowledge management system. Scholars have been keenly trying to find out how best organizations can successfully manage their knowledge. Knowledge management system has gained a lot of popularity in the recent past.
Burey (2010, p 77) says, “Knowledge management systems refer to any kind of IT system that stores and retrieves knowledge, improves collaboration, locates knowledge sources, mines repositories for hidden knowledge, captures and uses knowledge, or in some other way enhances the KM process.” This definition brings out the fact that knowledge management system is an IT supported system that helps in the storage, retrieval, improvement, and location of knowledge within an organization.
It is important to note that despite the growing importance of knowledge management system to organization in the recent past there has been a conflicting idea of the importance of knowledge management system. The failure of Telstra to manage information when undertaking the contract awarded to it by NBN Co resulted into massive violation of environmental policies that put workers and the public at health risks due to exposure to asbestos. This research focuses on this case study to develop a proposal that can be used by similar firms in future.
Knowledge Management Failure at Telstra According to Hitt (2008, p. 76), most firms do not consider knowledge management as an integral part of their success in the market. They take knowledge management casually, always thinking that the knowledge that the top management unit has is always enough to run the organization successfully.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A reflection of the case study involving the contract assigned to Telstra by NBN Co demonstrates that this line of thinking is not only suicidal to success of an organization, but can also subject a firm to litigation. Telstra has gained a good reputation in its policies in management of asbestos. When NBN Co decided to award the contract to this firm, their main reason for this choice was the trust that Telstra had developed in this field.
The basis upon which NBN Co made its decision was justifiable. On the other hand, Telstra abused the privilege that was given to it by failing to use the right workforce in this project. The management of Telstra assumed that the knowledge that its employees had gained while working for it is not necessarily important in future projects.
The firm was too concerned in cutting its cost of operations to think of the best way of managing its employees. It therefore, retrenched most of its employees, especially those that were field officers. They believed that they could easily outsource for such services at a cheaper cost other than having to maintain these employees.
The management forgot the fact that these employees already had the knowledge of how to manage asbestos through previous training and experience in similar projects in the past. The management forgot that the good reputation it had built in the market was not due to its structures, but because of a pool of employees who knew how to handle various tasks in this field.
When retrenching these employees, the management forgot that it was dismissing its own experience, the reputation, and competent that had taken it years to build in this industry. These employees went with all this information. One intriguing fact is that the contract awarded to Telstra involved renovating a system that it had worked on previously using the employees it had retrenched.
These employees understood the risk factors involved in this project, and would have been in a better position to handle this new project. These employees knew the health risks involved in the project both to the workers and the public in general if the process was not conducted in accordance with the procedures.
It may be factual that these former employees could have been aware that this project was awarded to their former employers. They could have been aware of the possible consequences of poor approach to this project, but having been fired from the firm, they must have felt that they had no obligation bringing the attention of their former employer to the possible consequences of approaching the task.
We will write a custom Report on Telstra Company Knowledge Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some could have even assumed that the management had the right information, and therefore, would use the right approach and meet the requirements expected when handling the tasks. Telstra on the other hand, realized that it did not have the right workforce to handle the task having retrenched its employees.
It realized that it had to seek for the workforce from other firms. In order to reduce the cost of operations further, the management went for firms with lesser expertise in this field because they charge lesser prices. These firms realized that the contract was big and further subcontracted other smaller firms for the task. This resulted in a scenario where the workforce that was finally taken to the field had no prior experience in this field, and did not understand the safety procedures when undertaking these duties.
This explains why they not only exposed the public to the risks associated with exposure to asbestos, but also subjected themselves to these substances during their work. Telstra could have succeeded in cutting its costs of operation. However, this came at a serious consequence to the firm, to the public, and the firm that awarded it the contract which is NBN Co.
The relevant authorities are demanding for explanation. Although NBN Co may be exonerated from any wrong doing, it is still liable to an extent, for failure to have a close monitoring unit in this project. They should have had a mechanism to inspect whether the task they assigned to Telstra was being conducted in accordance with the laid down procedures.
Theirs was an error of omission that could cost them their reputation in the market, besides other disciplinary measures that might be taken by the relevant government authorities. For Telstra, they are not able to run away from the full responsibility of the unfortunate turn of event. It was awarded the contract, failed to use the appropriate workforce, and therefore, resorted to using individuals and firms with no knowledge and experience in handling this task.
It is also apparent that the management never even bothered to follow-up to determine the ability of these individuals to deliver on the assigned task. As it comes out from this case study, the former employees left with the knowledge from the firm. It is apparent that Telstra never had a knowledge management system even before firing its employees.
According to Maier (2004, p. 62), it is normal for a firm to hire and fire employees on various basis in its quest to increase its productivity. However, it is important to ensure that the knowledge that an employee gains while working for the firm is retained within the firm when such an employee leaves. This is because the employee was duly paid by the firm for that task, and all the relevant knowledge regarding the task becomes the property of the firm.
The knowledge should be stored safely by the firm in a system that can easily be retrieved, modified and used by another employee who shall be in that position or any other position to which that the information will be relevant. This is what the management of Telstra failed to do. There was no clear mechanism through which relevant knowledge that employees gathered while in the field would be stored.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Telstra Company Knowledge Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More If this system were available, the management should have known that this new project had health concerns that should have been considered on a serious note before the new employees could start working. This is also demonstrated in the way they acted when assigning the task to other firms.
This firm should have realized that it had a lot of stakes in this project because of its magnitude. However, there was no clear information flow between the Telstra management and the management of the subcontracted firms.
Proposal for a Knowledge Management System for Telstra The current situation in which Telstra finds itself is very awkward, and the fate of the firm is no longer in its hands anymore. Its fate is in the hands of the government agencies responsible for environmental protection and NBN Co. these government agencies may decide to press charges against this firm, and force it to pay huge sums of money as fine.
This can be worse when these agencies decide to recall the trading license of Telstra because this will force it to look for markets outside this country. On the other hand, NBN Co may also decide to press charges against Telstra. They are justified to do this because Telstra never informed them that they were considering subcontracting the tasks to other firms.
This will not only injure the finances of this firm, but also affect its good reputation negatively. This is the predicament that this firm finds itself in because of lack of proper knowledge management system. This is a lesson to this firm, and to others, and a sound warning that lack of knowledge management system may cost a firm a fortune. Although neglected for long, it is time this system was given the seriousness it deserves.
Based on the findings from the case study given above, the management of Telstra should consider a number of systems to manage its knowledge in order to protect it from such occurrences in future. According to Gottschalk (2007, p. 67), knowledge management system can take different approaches based on the needs of the firm.
The current situation of this firm means that it will need to employ three aspects of knowledge management system. The three include a content management system, document management system and finally a decision support system.
Content Management System The management of Telstra should start by creation of content management system. This is very important because it is apparent that the firm lacks the right knowledge having fired its more experienced employees. Content management system will help in creating, managing, and distributing of the content within the intranet, internet and the website of the firm as might be necessary.
In this stage, the firm will basically ensure that it has the right knowledge within its system that would enable it undertake its duties successfully. As Becerra (2010, p. 90) observes, this would require the firm to have basis upon which this content will be created. In this process, technology will be relevant in developing the templates, tagging the content with metadata and making this content easy to edit whenever there are changes.
The process of content creation should involve various stakeholders within the firm. It should be a collaborative process which brings together all the employees of the firm, the management and other relevant stakeholders. Being a system, the management should define units working on different tasks to make the system complete.
The units within the system should not overlap, but each unit should know what other units are involved in, and what these other units expect from them. In this system, the output from one unit would act an input of another unit which it will process further to create more useful output.
For instance, when one group brings in raw data from the field, another group will be responsible for coding this data, while another group will interpret it. The final group will present the data in the form that can be consumed by every member of the organization either in the data base of the firm, in the internet or the website of the firm.
Document Management System The second step would be to develop a document management system. As the name suggest, this system is explicitly responsible for the management of documents upon collection, coding and presenting them in a manner useful to all the members of the firm. This next step would be to try to manage this data is a way that is beneficial to all the stakeholders of the firm.
As the management continues to develop more knowledge into this field, it will reach a point where this knowledge becomes too massive to be handled using simple data management systems. The introduction of new knowledge does not mean that the old knowledge is irrelevant. As such, the data arriving at the firm must be stored in a way that will enhance their retrieval at whatever time it may be required.
Ackoff (2009, p. 7) says that there are instances where new knowledge coming in is an advancement of the old knowledge. In such instances, there will be a need to harmonize such related pieces of information to enhance knowledge in that field. However, this should not jeopardize the originality of the initial sources of knowledge because there may be a need to make a reference to them.
Just as the system described above, this system will have components responsible for knowledge synthesis, transfer, retrieval and storage. While the first system involved all the relevant stakeholders within the firm, this system will be under direct supervision of the top management. Only a few individuals will be allowed a comprehensive access to this vast knowledge.
The stakeholders will only have access to knowledge relevant to their tasks. This will help the firm protect its strategies from other competitors. Some of the most important tasks in this system will include capturing the data, classification of this data using metadata, indexing of the data, creation of searching and retrieval techniques, versioning of the data and finally administration and security of the data.
Decision Support System This may not necessarily be the end stage in knowledge management system, but ultimately it is one of the most important stages in knowledge management system. According to Resnick (2004, p. 77), the main reason why there is need for knowledge creation and knowledge management is to help in the process of decision making. The world is increasingly getting competitive, and firms are finding themselves under pressure to deliver.
These forces the firms to come up with strategies that would help ensure that they make decisions that would create a competitive advantage to them. The decision support system helps management in making sound decision based on the knowledge available in the database of the firm. Girard (2005, p. 15) says that for a firm to be certain that they are making the right decision, they should ensure that they make data-driven decision.
This is because such decision can be justified if there is need for it. This can be done using Online Analytical Processing System which would help in data mining, and warehousing of this data. This system seeks to solve problems of the organizational management by developing strategies based on the knowledge of the firm in that particular area.
As Thierauf (2009, p. 59) observes, “It is necessary to ensure that the system fulfills the three criteria that determine its success, namely compatibility, understandability, and effectiveness.” This system will help in ensuring that the decision made is compatible to the capacity of the firm and other systems it has.
Understandability will be ensured to help other members of the organization know why the decision was made and its benefits if well applied. Finally, effectiveness will be emphasized by the management to ensure that all the relevant stakeholders apply the policies made out of these decisions. These three phases should be continuous as demonstrated in the figure below.
Figure 1: Knowledge Management System Circle
Promotion of Acceptance and Assimilation Knowledge management system is a process, and once all the structures are put in place, the next phase is always to make the strategy work. The management must ensure that all the stakeholders involved must accept the strategy in order for the assimilation to be successful. Castells (2011, p. 89) says that it is only when a project has the backing of all the relevant stakeholders that it shall be able to meet its intended goals.
This process is always categorized into three phases. In the first phase is the knowledge management system adoption. In this process, the management will start by internally analyzing the firm to determine the adoptability of the policy. The management will evaluate the knowledge needs and flows, determine how to communicate it, and come up with a strategy in which it can be adopted within the firm.
The next phase will be the knowledge management system acceptance. This is a very important stage. When introducing a new concept within an organization, Gerami (2010, p. 235) observes that there are always anxiety, job-fit issues, the usage approach, motivation among other social factors.
These are issues that must be dealt with thoroughly to ensure that the process is successful. To manage these factors, there is need to involve all the users in design and implementation process. The management should ensure that this new system is user friendly and more assuring to the stakeholders. They should also provide relevant technical and the managerial support that would help in enhancing the system.
The last stage would be knowledge management system assimilation. This is the process of rolling out the new strategy within the firm. When the new system has been accepted within the firm, all the activities that this organization engages in should reflect the new system adopted. This would improve productivity of the organization.
List of References Ackoff, R 2009, “Knowledge and Wisdom”, Journal of Applies Systems Analysis, vol. 16. no. 19, pp. 3-9.
Becerra, R 2010, Knowledge management: Systems and processes, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk.
Burey, M 2010, “Knowledge Management”, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, vol. 7 no. 2, pp. 34-237.
Castells, M 2011, The Rise of the Network Society: The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture, John Wiley
‘The Great Gatsby’: Tom and Blanche Critical Essay college admissions essay help
Loyalty refers to a state of being faithful and devoted to an individual or an institution. For one to be considered loyal, there should be a clear demonstration of the need to obey all the set rules. Different people attach their loyalty to various people and faiths among other things. Loyalty requires one to have some sense of duty or responsibility towards that which one is loyal.
Disloyalty, on the other hand, is the act of being not devoted to somebody or something. It refers to a state where one is unfaithful, not trustworthy, tells lies and other related vices. ‘The Great Gatsby’ book is a narrative of life experience of a young man who leaves his hometown for another one in the east in search of academic prosperity and success in life.
The young man comes from a relatively rich family, and he thinks that he has the responsibility to continue the legacy that was started by his great grandfather’s brother. He understands and appreciates the fact that his family expects him to be like his entrepreneurial uncle who died several years ago. He never saw him, but he is determined to live his legacy as expected by the family.
More about This Topic Which Excerpt from The Great Gatsby is the Best Example of Foreshadowing? 5 86 What Was Gatsby’s Reaction to Daisy’s Child? 5 162 In Which Point of View is the Great Gatsby Written? 4.5 92 Why Does Nick Feel Responsible for Getting People to the Funeral of Gatsby? 5 78 He knows that this may be not easy, but holds on to the pieces of advice that the father would give him frequently. To pursue his education goals he moves to the east where he meets his cousin Daisy and her husband Tom, an old friend from college.
Streetcar Named Desire is more of a play where we meet several actors like Blanche. This paper seeks to compare and contrast the loyalty and disloyalty of Tom and Blanche as demonstrated in the two books respectively. From the two books, it is clear that both characters are loyal to their families. Tom feels it is his duty to work hard to provide for his family.
He also works hard to ensure that his wealthy status continues even to the generations to come. When Daisy comments on Tom’s reading habits, Tom says, “It is up to us who are the dominant race to watch out for these other races will have control over things.” This statement describes Tom as not only being loyal to his family, but also to his race at large.
He feels that if not serious, their dominant race might be overthrown by another race. Like Tom, Blanche in the book of Street Car Named Desire, is loyal to her sister who is the only member of her family that we come across. Blanche is so much concerned about the relationship of her sister with Stanley. She is worried about her and tries to help the sister in every way possible to meet her needs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Seeing the miserable life her sister Stella is living, Blanche persuades her to leave her husband and venture into a field that would give them money to meet with the life expenses. Blanche hopes to persuade Stella to leave Stanley. It is true that both characters are loyal to their jobs. The narrator explains that Tom has worked very hard to achieve a lot of wealth though at a very young age.
When the narrator visits Tom’s family, he is surprised by their beautifully and well built mansion. The narrator says, “Their house was even more elaborate than I expected, a cheerful red and white Georgian Colonial mansion overlooking the bay.” This statement shows that Tom is very much devoted to his work to an extent of acquiring such massive wealth in spite of his young age.
His achievements have made him show off to his friends. When talking to the narrator with a lot of pride, Tom takes him round his mansion to display its wealthy nature. Blanche also comes out as being very loyal to her teaching opportunity. She ensures that she does not quit teaching although with another duty at a certain hotel.
While criticizing Blanche’s behavior, Stanley says that “She has lived like a prostitute in a cheap hotel while also teaching in the local school.” This shows that although engaging in other immoral activities, Blanche could not forget her responsibility as a teacher of English. She was very kind to the learners and the entire learning institution.
It is also evident that both characters at some point are unfaithful to their partners. When Daisy and the cousin are discussing the birth of Daisy’s daughter, she complains that she did not know her husband’s whereabouts before her daughter is born. In this respect, the narrator also says, “As for Tom, the fact is that he had some woman in New York.” This demonstrates that Tom is not loyal to Daisy.
Though married, Tom seems to engage in some marital affairs with other women. On the other hand, Blanche meets another man by the name Mitch, who is now her boyfriend. However, we find Blanche being disloyal to Mitch when he kisses another man and also engages in an affair with another old man who is perceived to be a millionaire.
Stanley also refers to Blanche as promiscuous: “Blanche flirts with and kisses a young man who calls to collect subscriptions for a newspaper.” She even tells Stanley lies concerning her boyfriend Mitch which confirms the level of Blanche’s disloyalty to Mitch.
We will write a custom Essay on ‘The Great Gatsby’: Tom and Blanche specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Great Gatsby book brings out Tom showing some disloyalty to other people just like Blanche in the Streetcar Named Desire. From the narrator’s description of the nature and appearance of Tom, his attitude to other people and the outside world is clearly seen. The author describes Tom’s eyes as being shinny and arrogant and his body as appearing cruel.
These descriptions bring out Tom as a man who is very tough, and harsh to other people, which are signs of disloyalty. We see Daisy making fun out of her husband’s appearance. Although it was meant to be a light joke to provoke laughter, Tom takes it so serious that he objects the statement crossly saying “I hate that word hulking, even in kidding.” Some people are said to hate Tom’s guts, which confirms that the man is disloyal to others in one way or another.
Blanche is also unfaithful to Stanley and other people that are out to help her. From the book, it is clear that Blanche does not stay in her own house. She lives with her sister Stella who is accommodated by her friend Stanley. This is evidenced by Stanley’s attempt to send Blanche back to Laure by issuing her a bus ticket when her behavior annoys him.
Further Research What Role Do the First Lines of The Great Gatsby Play? 5 17 What Does Gatsby Tell Nick about Himself and His Past? 5 218 What Role Does the Book “The Rise of the Colored Empires” Play in The Great Gatsby? 4.5 2199 Why Did Gatsby Fail to Achieve the American Dream? 5 255 Instead of being loyal to such a person who has accommodated her, Blanche is out to separate Stanley and her sister Stella. She is also harsh to Mitch who is said to offer her protection and company after the death of her husband by having sexual affairs with other men. When Blanche goes out for an date with Mitch, it is not successful. The author comments it this way:
“Blanche and Mitch return from unsuccessful evening out, and Blanche appears to be offended when Mitch tries to kiss her.” This means that these two friends did not agree on some issues, quarreled, or had some other differences that made the date unsuccessful, a statement that can be used to justify the disloyal character of Blanche. She also causes the death of her former husband, which is a sign of high degree of Blanche’s disloyalty to him.
As evidenced from the two books, Tom and Blanche are unfaithful to humanity. Their manipulative natures show that they do not even respect others’ families. Tom snatches Mrs. Wilson his wife and goes with her to New York where he engages in sexual affairs with Mrs. Wilson.
He makes the woman lie to her husband that she goes to see her sister who stays in New York, “so Tom Buchanan and his girl and I went up together to New York”. Tom forgets that he is married to Daisy, and manipulates Mrs. Wilson to leave her husband. Blanche has also tried in many occasions to manipulate her sister Stella to leave her husband and engage in an affair with an old man who is a millionaire. This affair would be played to his own selfish gains.
Strategic Business Plan: Small Size Dog Boarding Business Problem Solution Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Introduction The conceptualization of a successful small dog boarding business demands a broad strategic blue print. The strategic plan should internalize the aspects of business vision, mission, values, communication plan and a balanced scorecard. Thus, this reflective paper develops a strategic plan for the proposed small dog boarding business called Dog Nest Centre to compete with the local Wessier Dog Boarding business.
Dog Nest Centre’s Strategic Plan Vision and Mission
For an organization to succeed in marketing, it has to have both vision and mission for its marketing. They act as the guideline and reference point. The business refers to the vision and goals to determine if it is making positive progress. The business’s vision will be to be the leading business in the dog boarding services to pet owners who have no dog handlers.
On the other hand, the marketing goal will be to acquire ten clients per week for the first six months. Besides, the business will have a mission of adding value to the life of its target consumers by offering free pick services and delivery of dogs upon the return of its clients. Through its marketing, the business will strive to ensure that consumers continue benefiting from the dog boarding services at all time (Scarborough, 2012).
Values of the Dog Nest Centre
To be able to achieve the mission and the set goals, the proposed dog boarding business will require having a captivating position value statement and superior product strategy. In this case, the business’s positioning statement will be as follows;
We have what everyone wants, and at considerable prices. The dog boarding services is unique and of high quality. They are supremely stylish, trendy and certainly the latest in the market. Those that subscribe to these services will have series of discounts and offers besides life membership. The prices are also considerable; one will get the friendliest and professional services for his or her dog at an affordable price.
One of the product strategies that the business will utilize is to make sure that it attributes the dog boarding services to convenience and affordability. The business will charge dog boarding services at affordable prices as a strategy to attract consumers and not scare them away with high prices as at the local Wessier Dog Boarding business.
The Sense and Business Ethics in the Dog Nest Business
The majority of its competitors relies on local consumers. Therefore, they do not run promotional campaigns or advertise their products. Consequently, this business will have an advantage since it will create consumer awareness through its promotions and advertisements. Besides, the competitors charge high prices unlike this business that will form the pinnacle of affordable services.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To surmount this competition, the business will use strategies like consumer education on how to get the best from the services by using it appropriately (Scarborough, 2012). With a typical well organized commodity pool, this business is geared to quickly increase its market share since the beneficial interests can be distributed across the commodity users.
This strategy will facilitate the restructuring effective sales and public awareness to develop product knowledge. If well merged with appropriate market mix, the strategy will secure a continuous quantitative increase of the market by constantly maintaining relatively fare prices of the services it is offering as well as the maintenance of up to per competition levels from other competitors.
The Balance Scorecard for the Dog Nest Centre Business The balanced scorecard for this business summarizes the internal processes, customer, financial, and strategies for growth as summarized in the table below.
Elements Objective Measurement Target Internal Process Effectiveness of the strategies of the business in the market The price charged $40 per day for each dog The customer responses to services provided The time that elapses before customers respond Within one day of business encounter Customer The acquisition of customers The number of new customers An average of 25 customers per day Retention of customers The frequency of same customers Five out of each 15 new Accomplishment of pre-set goals and objectives Surpassing the revenue target Monitor quarterly Financial Initial funding The proportion of financing sources Debt to Equity financing ratio – 3:2, because debt financing is the best option. Revenue growth The percentage sales growth Growth rate – 5% Cash flow/profitability Percent of income from operations 10% Learning and growth Business self improvement Areas that require monitoring Internal inspection two times per day. External inspection one time per week. Skilled employees Number of staff with prior dog care experience Training complete within two weeks of hire date. Refresher training bi-monthly. Development of e-marketing The number of new online customer inquiries. 25 customers per day Social Responsibility and Entreprenuership Skills Knowing how to improve quality is crucial in the growth of a business. In fact, consumers normally go for products that preformed best. Besides, quality improvement will serve the organization’s needs to improve on performance, durability, maintain economic viability, maintain visual and aesthetic appeal, maintain superiority in service delivery, and keep good reputation due to quality assurance.
Thus, quality improvement deployment and organizational change action plan present an action plan that would facilitate the business gain in long term operations is value and quality improvement (Scarborough, 2012). The success puzzle for quality improvement and dog boarding business change implementation management strategy delivery operates on the periphery of the soft skills involving the timeless vision of organizational principles.
Besides, defining value of the business, determining requirements, clarifying the vision, building teams, mitigating task, resolving issues, and providing direction complete the response projections which shall be addressed in the proposed quality service delivery system as opposed to the disorganized system of the Wessier Dog Boarders business.
Furthermore, quality planning focuses on benchmarking of efficiency of the operations and service delivery initiative, accreditation initiative, and staff performance and skills assessment initiative which this business will endeavor to expound on (Scarborough, 2012).
We will write a custom Essay on Strategic Business Plan: Small Size Dog Boarding Business specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Business Ownership Being a very small business with a relatively low capital requirement, sole proprietorship will be the ideal form of business ownership for the Dog Nest business. The owner will have the enticement of keeping all the profit and making decision faster to suit the preferences of prospective clients.
The Business Plan for the Dog Nest Centre Business Purpose
The communication plan has the purpose of supporting the business’ strategic objectives within the code of operation of the dog boarding business. Basically, the communication plan is a conceptual map for external and internal decoding and encoding channels for pet owners targeted.
The mission of the communication plan is to expand to the marketing team the approaches that should be adopted in implementing the strategic plan informed of the rationale of authenticating the cost effeteness element and ensure good response from the targeted pet owners.
Despite communication being rated as a high corporate strategy, action planning of communication method is of essence to create solution oriented task and strategy implementation secession. The main issues that will be addressed by the communication plan include customer acquisition, customer retention, quality services, and proactive response to different business situations. The head of marketing will lead the plan for the next six month period.
Business Goals/ Objectives
The goal is to transform the speed of the entire business structure and the business environment that affects every sphere of the internal communication issues in the business. This will ensure efficiency and professionalism in service delivery.
Corresponding Communication Goals/Objectives
In line with the vision of this business, the corresponding communication goal is sustainability and stability of the business through efficiency.
Key Themes/ Messages
Theme: Paradigm shift in service delivery
Message: Elements of service methodology for sustainable business management. These elements are expected to align organization culture, employee behavior, business etiquette, and knowledge of business solutions.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Strategic Business Plan: Small Size Dog Boarding Business by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Media, Audiences, Schedules
Face to face communication will be used to pass the information to the staff in a series of weekly meeting for the next six months.
Training Managers to Communicate
Communication through reports and schedules in different departments within a business can coordinate and integrate their functions. The business leader and his or her team will establish the use of formal communication methods such as responsiveness, negotiable, and reflective approach in decoding and encoding feedback.
The main success measurement parameters include full house attendance by the stakeholders, full participation of all the stakeholders in attendance, and acceptance of the proposal and complete endorsement of the strategic plan.
Sources of financing the business The internal financing options available for the business include personal sources such as retained profits and share capital. Basically, the retained profit is the funds generated by the initial business when it profitably trades (Shim
Print Media Is Dead Argumentative Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The fashion industry and media as a popular culture
How did the fashion media develop into a popular culture?
Characteristics of print fashion media as a popular culture
Modern aspects of the fashion media
Modern consumer behaviour and its impact on fashion media
Financial crisis and the impact on print media
Introduction Print media has been the most powerful pathway for the transmission of fashion, fashion designs and other elements of the fashion industry. In fact, fashion magazines have been the key to the fashion industry (Stone, 2004). For several centuries, the fashion industry has increasingly taken the modern advantage of technological advancements in printing.
In turn, technological advancements have turned the industry into a major consumer of print technology. Nevertheless, towards the end of the 20th century, the fashion industry made a major trend by incorporating the internet (Stone, 2004). Since 2000, the fashion industry has experienced the influence of internet revolution.
Thousands of readers are migrating from print to online media. According to Kansara (2009a), readers are increasingly getting access to the free and abundant information available online. Moreover, according to Kansara (2009b), advertisers are also pulling out of the printing industry. Advertisers are the main source of revenues in print magazines (Hill, 2004).
Their migration from the print media (fashion magazines) to online magazines and blogs has left print magazines in a poor state. This state is actually forcing them out of business (Kansara 2009b). The situation worsened between 2008 and 2010 during the global economic crisis. For instance, major fashion companies were adversely affected by the crisis- major fashion and luxury titles declining significantly (Ovide
Marketing Planning: Red Bull Soft Drinks Report writing essay help
Company analysis Red bull soft drink is one of the multinational corporations operating in many countries around the globe. In the Middle East, the corporation is present in many countries particularly in Saudi Arabia where it has based its manufacturing headquarters. The company specializes in the manufacture of high-energy content soft drinks providing various benefits to the users particularly those involved in high performances such as sports (McNaughton 3).
The products of the company are currently being sold in over 160 countries around the globe. In addition, the growth of the company in the market share has been remarkable. Over the past year, the company’s global market share was approximated to have grown by over 15% with Saudi Arabian subsidiary contributing around 30%. The expansion in the market share has been exacerbated by the increasing growth in the returns on investments approximated to be over 39% in the last financial year.
The company focus is to sustain the highest industrial values at the same time positioning itself as the energy soft drink leader in the market (McNaughton 3). In addition, the company is focusing on delivering superior customer value in a more efficient and cost effective process.
Moreover, the company aims to increase its presence in the world soft drinks market particularly in the fast growing and developing Asian markets. The aggressive global expansion strategies have enabled the company to establish itself in many countries around the globe. The company plans to apply similar strategy to enter into the Asian market particularly in the Far East countries.
Environmental analysis The environmental analysis tool will be applied to analyze the macro-environment that affects the company operations as well as the external factors that may affect its products. The macro-environmental factors include the political, economical, social technological, and legal. The external factors are critical considerations in the company’s internationalization strategies.
Political factors Red bull soft drink is a multinational company operating in many countries especially in North America, Europe and Asia. As such, its products are sold in a wide spectrum of political environments. Moreover, Red bull soft drink consumers are spread across the political divide found in all parts of the world. Therefore, political consideration is very important factor for the company especially when introducing a particular product in the new international market.
For instance, the company is manufacturing and distributing most of its products into the Asian market from one central position found in Australia. Such operation has exposed the company to political tussles with the government threatening to close its operations. In addition, the nature of the products of the company has been questionable in some countries particularly in the Middle East where alcohol content is highly strict.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In some countries, the products of the company have been burned due to the ingredients that have been used. The political factors have disadvantaged the company particularly in competitive energy drinks’ market. These political conditions have seriously influenced the company’s sales particularly products with high caffeine levels.
Economic factors The current economic situation around the world has a profound effect not only on the company’s products but also on the general production capacity. The recent economic downturn experienced in America and Europe has a considerable consequence on the domestic market. Sales for the high-energy content soft drinks have reduced as majority of consumers switched to other competitive products as their income reduced.
Reduction in sales was also experienced in many parts of Europe as well as in many countries in Asia where the company operates. However, this presented an opportunity for the company to introduce cheaper high-energy soft drinks in the market. Moreover, in such an economic environment, the company must increase its capital flow in order to avoid negative effects of the economic shocks.
However, as the parts of the world are experiencing the effects of the economic downturns, China, the biggest target market was experiencing an economic boom. In the last two years, China has experienced rapid economic growth with increased consumer spending. In addition, the Chinese government has encouraged its nationals to buy products and services that offer increased value.
The economic situation major Asian markets have presented the greatest opportunity for the company to introduce and sell its products. In addition, the Chinese population consists majorly of the younger generation who are the target market for the company products. The economic factors in the developing Asian markets are favorable for the company internationalization strategy.
Social and cultural factors The company products are sold in open cultural events particularly in sporting events. Moreover, its target market of younger generation pursues vogue and vigorous activities such as sports. The lifestyles are similar in almost all parts of the world. In addition, the company products ingredients are simplified to meet the energy needs of such kind of activities.
The ingredients of the products have high calories contents with improved energetic elements a characteristic that is praised highly by many sports participants. In essence, all the soft drink products that the company has launched into the market have been popular among the younger generation and the high performers. The company has portrayed its products as having revolutionized the sports fraternity.
We will write a custom Report on Marketing Planning: Red Bull Soft Drinks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, the company has been keen to focus on the needs and wants of the target market. In general, younger generations as well as those in high performance sports need drinks with high-energy content. Indeed, almost all the products of the company have achieved that objective.
Legal environment As indicated before, the company is operating in many countries around the world with various legal regulations. Moreover, these countries have their own domestic companies that produce similar competing products. Commercial regulations are varied ranging from preferential regulations to corporate laws.
The company is facing many challenges and including corporate tax regulations, tariffs as well as increased costs in terms of distribution since its manufacturing is centrally placed. Such legal obligations have increased the risks for the company.
Besides, most of the products take long time before being introduced in the market because of legalities relating to distribution channels. The legal challenges have contributed negatively to the growth of the company’s international market share.
Marketing mix The company will be using various marketing strategies to position its products into the worldwide soft drink market. Included in the market skimming strategies are product and pricing strategies, placing strategies, and promotional strategies.
Product and Pricing strategies There are varieties of soft drink brands that the company produces. The innovative capabilities of the firm will ensure the development and production of products offering varied choices for customers. Moreover, the company has recently launched another product into the market. The product will be improved to suit the customer needs and bring convenience, a mixture of value and quality.
As expected, the quality and value addition attract high prices. Most of the company soft drinks are middle-high particularly non-carbonated water. However, most of the company products are targeting high-end customers. The high-quality high-prices strategy will be applied particularly to outperform the competitors.
In addition, the product and pricing strategy will aim at widening the spectrum of customers the company is targeting. In fact, the company has been targeting customers at high-income level. Nevertheless, with the entry of more competitors, the company will be forced to widen its scope and capture middle and low-income clientele.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Planning: Red Bull Soft Drinks by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Placing strategies The company will adopt the business to customer distribution channel in order to directly deal with its customers. Direct interaction with the customers will lead to the development of the products that suit the customer needs. Moreover, the direct sales of its products will lead to the expanded market share. However, the company stores around the world are still limited given the fact that the company manufacturing is centrally placed. Therefore, the company should expand its distribution stores to reach all manner of customers.
The promotion strategies The promotion strategies will include advertising, public relations, and sales promotions. The company will be using innovative advertising to attract and inform its customers about the company products both in mass and digital media. Besides, the company will utilize its products association with sports to appeal to many people as well as a method of maintaining its public relations.
The success of the company on public relations will improve the company goodwill and attracts the public attention. Further, the company will provide special offers to associated sports people as a good way to stimulate and retain its customer’s loyalty.
Strategic planning The company will take advantage of its current leadership in the energy soft drink to position itself in the new markets. Even though the latest statistics indicate global slump in the company growth in market share, the growth of Red bull in terms of market share is still increasing and approximated to be over 21% in the last financial year.
The growth indicates the strength of the company brand and reputation as well as the confidence the consumers have on the company brands (Russell 6). The firm will utilize the advantages gained from the current position in the world energy soft drink to expand into the new and potential markets.
The company will also use competitive prices to position itself into the new market such as Indonesia where prices are considered very sensitive. The prices of the soft drink will be lowered targeting the middle-end markets particularly the younger generations. Moreover, the company will utilize its resources to develop superior products with additional flavors considered special by the locals.
In addition, the company will break away from its traditional high-end prices and offer competitive prices for its new products. In other words, the company will lower prices of most of its products to customer with low income. In essence, the company will reduce the price differentiation between the products. In other words, the company products will continue to be the premium products in terms of prices (Moth 7).
However, to gain popularity among the younger generation customers and wide demographic accessibility the company will reduce the prices and increase the volume of growth in the targeted markets. The company will also utilize its brand image to position its products into the new markets.
For instance, the company association with sporting events will be utilized to market the products into the new markets. The company will sponsor events and manage a wide range of extreme sporting events, which will be associated with the company products. The association with such sporting events will be additional competitive advantage as the knowledge of the company products will increase particularly among the lovers of sporting events.
Through purchasing relevant facilities, teams and sponsoring live events, Red bull aim to succeed in the future through sustaining a larger mainstream audience and loyal customers (Russell 9). In essence, the company will utilize its competitive advantages to develop and sustain its market growth in the internationalization strategy.
Timing and mode of entry Entering into the international market requires advanced knowledge of the market in terms of the competitors. To enter into the new markets, Red bull soft drink has to utilize the market entries that will increase its competitive advantage. The market entry available to the firm includes franchising, joint ventures and utterly held subsidiaries.
Franchising The company will utilize the business knowledge of other local soft drink companies acting as a franchisee in host countries to expand the company’s business activities. Red bull soft drink will utilize the market leadership in energy soft drink market to provide capital, technical skills, and business expertise (Moth 7).
The firm will also use this mode of entry in China where there is uncertainty in political and economic conditions. The uncertainty in the Chinese market makes this mode of entry more suitable. The major advantage of this mode is that the company will not need to bear the costs and risks related to development and entry into the new market.
The cutback in overheads and threats allied to charters enlarges the corporation’s efficacy in searching for the fresh bazaars. However, the corporations will hardly have any power over the trade dealings mostly where the bylaws call for the businesses to observe the eminence ideals.
Joint ventures Red bull also has the option of utilizing the most commonly used entry mode by firms all over the world. Using this entry mode, Red bull soft drink will form an alliance with similar firm in the new market in order to attain the greater position. In most cases, the joint venture will require that the company have equal share in terms of costs benefits (McNaughton 6).
Nevertheless, the equal sharing arrangement will take away the control of some operations of the firm. In order to achieve stringent direction and have superior allocation entitlements, Red bull must devote additional finance to the mutual schemes. The advantage with this entry mode is that risks and costs associated with operating into the new market will be shared.
In addition, Red bull will gain market knowledge from the joint venture firm as well as be capable of exploring new market. With little regard to the conflicts that might arise from the joint venture, the firm will take advantage of the local firm’s capability of influencing the local government to allow the company to enter, establish, and dominate global markets.
Utterly held auxiliaries Utterly held subsidiaries imply that Red bull will have to cuddle a hundred percent allotment of the far-off units. For the firm to own a subsidiary in these new markets, Red bull must establish a new entity with full operations or fully acquire an existing firm. The acquired firm must be well built within the industry. Red bull stand to gain a lot from this mode as the company will easily promote its products (McNaughton 7).
The reason is that the firm will have tight control over business operations because of full ownership. In addition, compared with other modes, the firm will implement its own strategic plans and does not risk losing the competitive advantage as well as technical skills to other firms. Apart from full control and reduced risks, the firm will enjoy full benefits of expanding into the new market.
Managing, measuring and controlling the marketing effort The company will utilize its financial management capabilities developed over the years to manage its marketing efforts and internationalization programs. In particular, the company will direct its financial resources into the marketing activities that have high capabilities of adding more value to the firm.
In other words, the company will spend more into marketing activities likely to contribute to increased returns in terms of market growth and expansion. The marketing activities will be measured in terms of sales volumes generated, the popularity of the brand as well as in terms of growth in investments to the company over a specified period.
In addition, the company will streamline marketing activities to only those considered beneficial. Moreover, marketing efforts will be directed to specific areas where the company hopes to introduce its brands or in places where the performance of the company brands against those of the competitors are waning.
Works Cited McNaughton, Marissa 2012, How Social Was The Red Bull Stratos Live Jump Publicity Stunt? PDF file. Web.
Moth, David 2013, How Red Bull uses Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and Google . PDF file. Web.
Russell, Michael 2012, BRAZIL: Red Bull gets green light for Brazil facility. PDF file. Web.
Civil Rights Movements Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The United States and Europe have different historical formations. While the history of Europe is characterized by imperialism and the desire of the rich to dominate the poor, the history of the United States is characterized by racial segregation and discrimination. Before the American Revolution which culminated into American independence from Great Britain, the Americans were literally united against one enemy; the colonizer.
However, after independence, very sharp divisions emerged between the white Americans and the non white Americans especially the black and Asian Americans. Racial discrimination was the order of the day and was propagated in various institutions such as schools, churches, and hotels and even in the transport sector.
In 1960s, the blacks under the influence of Martin Luther King staged what they termed as a resistance of white racial discrimination. This was the onset of many civil rights movements which emerged spontaneously to agitate for various rights and resist racial segregation on various grounds.
By 1960s, Americans were considering themselves not only as civilized but also as mature enough to be a liberal society and this made the non whites come out to stand for their rights once and for all. In fact, they considered the civil rights movement as a second liberation.
The difference between the civil rights movements and the revolution war which led to American independence was that the civil rights movements were largely peaceful even though some got out of control and turned violent. One of the famous civil rights movements was the bus boycott, which saw the blacks walk to work for many days to resist racial segregation in the transport sector (Morris 18)
The civil rights movements spread to Europe but took a different form. While the American civil rights movements were mainly against racial segregation, those in Europe were against class and gender segregation.The civil rights movements coincided with the feminist movement in Europe, which was primarily formed to defend the rights of women and the minority groups in Europe.
Before the emergence of feminism, women were denied some basic rights such as the right to vote, the right to decide when to have children and also the right to own property. The civil rights movements in Europe therefore aimed at attaining equality between men and women and do away with social classes which had threatened to cause a revolution.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The gap between the rich and the poor and also widened tremendously. The teachings of Karl Marx, the German sociologist were also gaining popularity in Europe and the proletariats were ready to push for better wages and improved working conditions.
Karl Marx had argued that the poor were being exploited by the rich and both the rich and the poor suffered what he called a false class consciousness. The poor were also alienated from their labor in the capitalism system which had penetrated the European society after war. The civil rights movements awakened the poor and made them realize that they were being exploited by the rich through hard labor and poor wages.
The difference in the nature of the civil rights movements in the United States and Europe was that both had different issues of interest to them. However, the civil rights movements happened spontaneously both in the United States and Europe. Through the civil rights movements, the discrimination against the blacks in the United States was reduced to a great extent while in Europe; women were granted the rights which they had been denied before the civil rights movements (Hall 15).
Works Cited Hall, Simon. Peace and freedom: the civil rights and antiwar movements in the 1960s. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.Print.
Morris, Aldon. The origins of the civil rights movement: Black communities organizing for change. New York: Free Press, 1986. Print.
Compensation Plan Outline Essay essay help free
Introduction Compensation structure is a systematically developed plan that reveals an organizations reimbursement philosophy. It gives a structural and credible system or guideline that companies use to pay their employees. Notably, there are two main compensation structures or plans that companies have been using. The compensation structures provide HR officials in various institutions with clear basis of setting remuneration benchmarks that enables them to treat their employees fairly.
The two structures include internal equity method of salary determination and hierarchical structure (Ojimba, 2002). In particular, internal equity method of salary determination has been widely used in most companies. It uses a grid to ensure that salaries of officers at various levels of operation are based on the pay levels of officials who are ranked above and below.
However, hierarchical structure that has been adopted in various institutions including Dell uses the prevailing market rate the determine employees remuneration. The technique is ideal for most companies since it fosters holistic consideration of the existing market rate of remuneration for various officers within the structure.
This is essential since it ensures that payment value of employees’ increases with the level of experience, merit, and responsibility. Ideally, effective payment structure is of great significance since it enables companies to give credible answers pertaining to employees roles and why remuneration value is dissimilar at various levels. It also helps HR personnel in companies to implement formulated payment strategies fairly.
Evaluation of the existing compensation plan Dell Company has a fair and effective compensation structure that is implemented by its HR department. The company’s compensation philosophy has enabled its HR department to address remuneration issues of its employees amicably through democratic processes. This is evident since the compensation structure provides a fair system that promotes reward of employees based on essential performance parameters.
The parameters include work done, quality of work, seniority, experience, and professional level (Ojimba, 2002). As noted, the company found it necessary to adopt hierarchical reward structure as opposed to equity internal technique that applies grid variances in determining salary scale of employees. The structure has been instrumental in promoting fairness in setting employees remuneration scales in the company.
For instance, it has enabled the HR department to adopt a personal focused-based compensation strategy as opposed to traditional bases. The rationale for adopting the structure was that not all employees are equal in terms of age, experience, knowhow, and professionalism. For instance, employees at the lower levels of the management structure cannot be matched and remunerated the same as top officials.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More That is the structure was adopted to provide a systematic and hierarchical basis for remuneration where the basic highlighted parameters are put into consideration (Ojimba, 2002). HR officials at Dell Company hail the structure and they affirm that it remains the best for the organization. They affirm that it has given them a clear policy guideline that enables them to set salary ranges effectively without discrimination.
Firstly, they recommend the structure since it takes into consideration the prevailing market rates and changes in the employment field. This gives them the opportunity to set salary scales and figures distinctively for various positions. Clearly, salary scales or basic emoluments that are given to employees of Dell company under the structure increases systematically with the level of individuals experience and responsibility in the company.
Indeed, the structure is the most appropriate for Dell Company. It has enabled the company to maximize on its resources by ensuring streamlined payments. It has enabled the company to pay its workers proportionately depending on their input levels. That is salary of employees is pegged on their input and output performance levels that has been enabling the company to avoid loses.
It has enabled the HR officials to management the payment system effectively and set remuneration figures fairly. This is because it has given them clear guidelines under which they have set minimum, mid-point, and maximum salary scales (Ojimba, 2002). Further, the compensation plan has helped in establishing who is who in the company, what role each person plays and why salary scales differs at various business levels.
The most beneficial ratio of internally and market consistent payment systems
As a measure to ensure employee retention and satisfaction, companies need to adopt beneficial ratios of internally and market consistent compensation systems. The compensation systems must ensure that internal equity exists when employees are rewarded for their input. The compensation ratio must be consistent and proportional to employees input including professionalism.
The ratios must also take into considerations market rate of payment and environment dynamics that are caused by competition as opposed to traditional considerations (Heneman, 2002). In review of Dell Company’s compensation structure and plan, the most viable ratio and market compensation system that would guarantee consistency on how it handles employees pay issues is market base pay ratio system.
The market base pay ratio system is preferred since it provides requisite remuneration base incentives that promote consistent satisfaction of employees. It gives a consistent and credible procedure on how remuneration ratios of employees at different positions are arrived at or calculated.
We will write a custom Essay on Compensation Plan Outline specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The ratio is highly beneficial since it promotes the adoption of incentive based and person-focused compensation strategies of setting remuneration standards (Martocchio, 2013). The strategies are conventionally relevant since they ensure holistic satisfaction of employee’s material needs as compared to traditional bases of remuneration.
Remarkably, the ratio takes into consideration market rate of payment, job group of an employee, Merit, experience, and responsibility of an employee. It provides a baseline payment system where individuals are paid depending on their classification or job group (Heneman, 2002). For instance, individuals who are classified as experienced are paid based on the ratio that is set for experienced individuals.
Indeed, market base pay ratio system would enable Dell Company to pay its employees consistently and in an equitable manner under various job categories as indicated in the schedule below. The schedule gives job groupings and the market base ratios that are used in calculating or determining salary scales.
Evaluation of the current pay structure used by Dell Company and assessment of the recognition of employee contributions
As indicated, Dell Company uses hierarchical compensation structure. The structure has enabled the company to provide personal focused recognition and rewards based on individuals potentials including input. The structure has been instrumental in enabling HR officials to design favorable remuneration ratios under which salary scales are pegged.
It has also enabled the HR officials to consider market rates of payments, merit, and task of employees when developing salary scales. According to Heneman (2002), hierarchical structure is a noble compensation strategy that ensures internal fairness in-terms of reward for work. Firstly, it ensures that each employee receives proportional payment to his work.
It also ensures that payments are done appropriately and in a consistent manner. Further, the structure has been enabling the institutions HR officials to design realistic and acceptable minimum, mid-point, and maximum salary levels. This has been essential in eradicating monetary wastage through a structured system of salary review.
Similarly, it enables proper classification of employees in terms of profession, level of operation, job group, and education level. This helps in establishing or knowing the roles of each employee, why their emoluments differ and who does what.
Conversely, the compensation structure enables HR officials to assess and monitor contributions of each employee in the company. The classification system that the structure facilitates enables managers to establish the performance level of each employee (Martocchio, 2013). For instance, managers would easily know performing employees since their ratings would be high compared to non-performing individuals.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Compensation Plan Outline by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The company managers have been able to achieve this since the remuneration system is pegged on key performance parameters that include experience, merit, and seniority. It has enabled managers to establish the contribution of each employee from the top to the subordinate staff. This is because remuneration and other lucrative incentives are reserved for recognition of exemplary employees.
Probable recommendations that can aid the effectiveness of the discretionary benefits provided by the company
As defined, discretionary benefits are basic incentives that contributes in improving long-term well-being of employees. They are significant in ensuring holistic motivation of employees to perform optimally in their respective areas of operation. Although Dell Company has favorable discretionary benefits structure, it needs to be more competitive in its discretionary benefits.
The company needs to be open to its employees, establish their needs, and adopt amore favorable strategy of satisfying their needs. It should not only focus on the traditional discretionary needs of employees that are no longer motivational in the current competitive world (Martocchio, 2013). Therefore, it is recommended for the company to consider adopting modern reward systems and enhancement of social assistance as key strategies to improve the effectiveness of its discretionary rewards.
Firstly, Dell Company should include more financial and non-financial incentives that provide holistic satisfaction. They should include career development opportunities, financial assistance, and development of proper retirement plans. They should also include recognition of effort, and payment of commissions on performance at regular and consistent intervals.
Social reward programs that the company should consider adopting to improve the effectiveness of discretionary benefits to employees include improvement of working conditions and allocation of social time or sessions. These strategies hold the capacity of enabling the company to curb the high rate of employee turnovers tat has been witnessed in various institutions.
They will also contribute in motivating employees towards recording exemplary performance and high productivity. Assessment of employer-sponsored retirement plans including health insurance programs provided by Dell Company and comparison to the company’s major competitors.
Dell Company provides credible employer-sponsored retirement plans to its employees to enable them retire honorably. The retirement plans that the company has organized for its employees include retirement savings and group healthcare plans. The sponsored plans are to enable the employees to benefit from economical technique of receiving discounted services (Stanton, 2013).
The company has enrolled its employees to the national retirement scheme and it pays monthly remittances on behalf of the employees at low cost. The payments that are remitted to the schemes are part of the discretional benefits that the company offers to its employees.
The company also provides health insurance programs to its employees. The programs that include social security, health insurance, dental, and Medicare insurance are meant to enhance employee’s safety and health status. This is essential in enabling them to be more productive and focused in their duties (Stanton, 2013).
Evidently, Dell Company is credited for adopting the most flexible, credible employer-sponsored retirement schemes, and health insurance programs than its key competitors that include Lenovo, Toshiba among others. The company’s key competitors have not been focusing on providing quality sponsored retirement incentives or enrolling their employees to credible retirement schemes.
This has been hindering their employees from enjoying the benefits that accrues from economical techniques of acquiring discounted services compared to Dells employees. The companies has only been focusing on providing a number of health programs to their employees that include health insurance plans and social security plans. However, the health programs that they provide still remains inferior compared to Dell’s health insurance programs.
Conclusion Compensation structure is significant since it gives a structural and credible system or guideline that companies use to pay their employees. The structure is important in any business organization that pays workers. Indeed, any business organization that provides payment or salary to workers should have clear forms of payment. The payment structures must be prepared well and kept by the human resource officials who administer employee’s welfare including issues relating to remuneration.
This is vital since it is human resource officials who determine salary ranges for various positions and configure the scale of payment for specific duties that are performed by employees. They are the custodian of the payroll in institutions and their role is imperative in ensuring employee satisfaction.
References Heneman, L. (2002). Strategic reward management: Design, implementation, and evaluation. Greenwich, Conn: Information Age Publ.
Martocchio, J. (2013). Strategic Compensation: A Human Resource Management Approach: Boston: Pearson.
Ojimba, E. (2002). Pay Structures. Web.
Stanton, M. (2013). Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance. Web.