Concept Of Psychodynamic Theory Essay Best Essay Help

Table of Contents Introduction

Structure of Personality

Resolution of the Conflict

References

Introduction Psychodynamic theory seeks to explain human behavior based on the concept that a person’s mind has two sections; the conscious part and the unconscious part. It also suggests that a person’s behavior is largely dependent on a child’s upbringing and the variables involved in the society. According to Sundberg (2001), psychodynamic theory was an upgrade of Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis theory. This paper explains the different facets of this theory. It bases its argument on human decisions like conflict resolution.

Structure of Personality This theory proposes that a person’s personality has three subdivisions; the ID, the ego and the superego (Sundberg, 2001). These three are mutually dependent. An individual’s ID constitutes of dreams, aspirations and desires both good and bad. The superego is then believed to be the conscience; it, therefore, guides a person’s action by making it possible for them to differentiate between right and wrong.

It is developed as one grows and it is largely dependent on one’s experiences, upbringing and surroundings. On the other hand, the ego is believed to be the middle ground between the ID and the superego. It seeks to settle disputes that may occur between the ID and the superego. This theory posited that an individuals ID and the superego are in constant conflict with each other. According to this theory, an individual’s ID, which constitutes his or her innate desires, is carefree (Raphael-Leff, 2005).

It is oblivious of the consequences that may arise due to its actions. However, the superego is aware of these consequences and will, therefore, intervene to try and stop the individual from doing anything that may cause harm. This is, therefore, what causes the conflict between the two.

The ego, therefore, tries to find a middle ground and resolve the conflict. This leads to the ego coming up with various coping mechanisms so as to seek balance between the two. It should be noted that if there is no balance between a person’s superego and ID the person may suffer mental illness. From this explanation, it, therefore, becomes obvious that the ego makes up the conscious part of mind while the ID and the superego make up the unconscious part.

Resolution of the Conflict As mentioned earlier, the ego, in its quest to resolve the conflict in the unconscious part of the mind, comes up with various coping mechanisms which will be discussed. Repression is where the ego will try to suppress the innate desire especially if it is thought to be inappropriate, for example, sexual desires.

The individual may, however, find other ways to express this desire sub consciously. Displacement is where the person will try to direct the unwanted urges elsewhere. For example if a person is angry at their spouse they may take it out on a friend. Projection is where the individual will try and put the blame on someone else, or try and give explanations as to what is causing these urges.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Regression, on the other hand, is where the individual will avoid the situation by regressing back to an inferior emotional phase, when things were easier. Reaction formation is where one will avoid the problem by doing something that is in all aspects not related to what one is experiencing; for example reading a book when you have the desire to go shopping (Raphael-Leff, 2005).

References Raphael-Leff, J. (2005). Parent Infant Psychodynamics – Wild Things, Mirrors, and Ghosts. London: Wiley.

Sundberg, N. (2001). Clinical Psychology: Evolving Theory, Practice and Research. England: Prentice Hall.

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Law Opinion Paper Essay a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Creation of Laws

State and Federal Jurisdiction

Conclusion

References

Introduction This essay will briefly discuss the creation laws in the US. A special attention is given to the common law heritage and US court system as sources of laws. An opinion is also given on what should and should not be taken into account when the laws are being formed.

Creation of Laws Laws are created to “maintain a well regulated society” (Bakken Para. 1). In the process of creating the law there are some specific considerations which have to be taken care of: “a need to have the consent of the people, a system of checks and balances, and a public policy flexibility suited to the problems of time and place” (Bakken Para. 1).

It reported that in the 17th and 18th centuries representatives were sent to colonial nations to create rules which could help to govern the people. Laws governing the running of trains were created through gatherings.

Upon the discovery of gold in California a gathering was formed to create local mining district rules. Still in the 21st century neighbours in California gather “to make rule changes, within a recorded declaration of covenants, conditions, and restrictions, on what property alterations are permissible for those living within a housing tract” (Bakken Para. 1).

The origin of the US law has some English roots. The British in America put into practice their homeland laws after slight adjustments so as to serve the US better (Beatty

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Singapore Geography and Culture Research Paper essay help: essay help

Introduction Singapore is a small island state that that is surrounded by around 64 smaller islands and lies south of the Malay Peninsula. The most important part of Singapore history starts in 1819 when Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles first arrived in Singapore. However, it is important to note that Singapore history dates much earlier.

It is recorded that when Sir Raffles arrived in Singapore, it was only a small island with around 200 people and that Raffles immediately fell in love with this island. He purchased the island from the local chief, Abdul Rahman for the east India Company. The island later became an important seaport. Later on, the island of Singapore together with that of Penang and Malacca joined strait settlements which all fell under the British East India Company.

Singapore is a multiethnic society with immigrants from china, India, Malaya and Indonesia who arrived in Singapore during the establishment of the island as a sea port. Immigration into Singapore resulted from the thriving economy in Singapore as a result of the British rule.

There were a lot of opportunities and many immigrants worked either as clerks, technicians or teachers. 1823 saw Singapore become a penal station and convicts from India other parts of Asia were used in the building of roads. The eminence of Singapore grew especially following its colonization by the British and the development of the steamships around 1869.

The presence of tin and rubber made Singapore one of the leading sea ports in the region. In 1921, Singapore fell under the Japanese rule but was recaptured in 1945 by the British. In 1946, Singapore ceased to become part of the straits settlement and in 1959 attained her internal rule. She (Singapore) joined Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak forming Malaysia. 1965 saw Singapore attain full independence following her secession from Malaysia.

Mode Of Subsistence Singapore is a home to numerous groups of people most of whom are immigrants from china, India, Malay Archipelago and Japan. Majority of the Singapore population is made up of the Chinese immigrants who arrived here as early as 1800s. The main economic activity in Singapore is trade but there are also instances of manufacturing industries.

It is an active ship making country with tin smelting and rubber milling activities. It is formed on intensive capital, high wage and techno rather than the low wage and labor intensive industrial state it was in early 1980s. Singapore has a free market policy with open business characteristic (Venu, 2007 p.6).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Economic Organization Of Singapore Singapore, like the rest of the Asian economic giants has experienced tremendous economic growth since the late 1970s. Though Singapore is the world’s most populous country, she continues to enjoy an all high economic growth rates that are fueled by large labor and capital. Singapore forms the frontline in economic growth in Asia and has experienced an increase in the level of industrialization, political stability and accountability.

Economic Organization of the Singapore Chinese Chinese started moving into Singapore during the British settlement into the island. However, records shows that there were Chinese living in Singapore long before the arrival of the European. Many Chinese flocked into Singapore following the establishment of port in hope of making better lives.

Mass migrations started in 1840s after china was forced to open up its ports to European powers. Though many Chinese arrived on their own, most of them came through a credit system and provided cheap labor as coolies on arrival. These coolies were exploited and most of them were turned into slaves.

They were treated inhumanely and often arrived in overcrowded ships that were badly ventilated. The trade in coolies turned so ruthless that those who tried to escape faced dire consequences. This unfair treatment attracted the colonial authority that established a Chinese protectorate in 1877 (National Library Board, 2004 p.4). In 1840s, the population of Singapore had up to 50% Chinese.

In 1822, Sir Raffles ordered the division of the city state into different divisions each for a different ethnic group. The Malay community got the Kampong Glam area, Indians the Serangoon area while the Chinese community was allocated the Chinese kampong. The Chinese in Singapore were involved in trade and industry. Most of them worked as writers, cashiers, teachers, shoemaker brewers, shopkeeper and many other trades.

Agriculture

The Chinese Singaporeans were mainly agriculturalists and engaged in the cultivation of pepper and gambier. Large tracts of plantations were owned by the Teochews who cultivated these crops. Agriculture however began its downfall in 1840s when many farmers moved to Johor.

Commerce

Chinese merchants were among the first to settle in Singapore following its establishment as a sea port by the Europeans. Many others served as middlemen while some actually established businesses here. The Chinese also provided cheap labor as manual workers. Other Chinese immigrants were employed in the gambier and pepper plantations. An important feature of the Chinese immigrants was their dialect specialization in which each dialect specialized in a given trade.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Singapore Geography and Culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Modern Economy Currently, Singapore is the leading economic power in Asia. In Singapore, people have a fear of losing and always aspire to be the best. This aspect of ‘Kiasu’ makes the Singaporeans maintain high standards though it is thought to make them a graceless state. They have a very strong value placed on competition and relatively sturdy work ethics. Singapore prides in a well developed infrastructure far much ahead than in European countries and has a very hardworking population making it financially stable (Krause, Koh

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Teleological and Deontological Theories of Ethics Definition Term Paper essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Teleologic Theory

Deontological Theory

Judgment using the Double Effect Criterion

Conclusion

References

Introduction The term ethics means inquiry into the state and basis of morality. Morality refers to right decisions, principles, and rules of demeanor. Ethics has been termed as the discipline that deals with the human behavior in some cases, with an emphasis of verifying right and wrong. The distinction between a normal choice and an ethical one is that the latter requires one to exercise the duty of weighing virtues and arriving at a judgment in a case that is unique from the others that he or she has encountered prior to this.

Another distinction relates to the amount of accent placed by decision makers on their own principles and accepted ways of doing things in their own company. Accordingly, values and principles play a significant part when people or organizations have to make decisions that are ethical in nature. It is an agreeable fact that elevated ethical standards are determined by the ability of both persons and businesses to ascribe to sound moral values (Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell, 2009, p. 6).

Generally, beliefs about right and wrong are described by ethics and morality. Ethics are also used to give suitable directions regarding how one should undertake a certain action. On the other hand, morality is a devotion to personal values that are informal (Day, Paul and Williams, 2009, p. 27).

Since there is a very thin line between morality and ethics, one is often used in place of the other. A 29 year old wife has been paralyzed from a traumatic brain injury due to an automobile accident that she had several years ago. The husband is now taking care of both the wife and their sons. The wife is unable to communicate and decide well on various life issues.

The wife has terminated a recent pregnancy due to health decisions that were contributed by her own family. They regard the husband’s sexual relations with his handicapped wife as rape. The husband on the other hand justifies his sexual relations with his wife as necessary since it has existed prior to her having an accident.

This essay therefore attempts to look at whether the husband’s sexual relations with the wife are ethical. This is done by looking at the scenario in view of some ethical theories and in exploring some facts and issues that would be helpful in effectively answering the question.

Teleologic Theory This is a theory that puts a focus on the results of actions. Under this theory, the choice of action is vivid since the best action to be undertaken is that which maximizes good over bad. The difficulty of this theory is in judging intrinsic values to ascertain whose good ought to be the greatest. Moreover, an important question to be asked is whether immoral actions can be justified when they are being used to achieve good consequences (Day, Paul and Williams, 2009, p. 27).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the present case, the consequences under focus are several. First, the paralysis of the wife that was caused by the automobile accident has thus made her not be able to communicate, take care of herself, walk, or even eat. Secondly, the husband is compelled to provide her with homecare as a result of the paralysis.

Thirdly, she gets pregnant due to their sexual relations with her husband. Fourthly, the pregnancy is terminated by her physicians in view of her health concerns. Apparently, this is due to decisions from her family. Lastly, there is the resulting conflict between the husband and the wife’s family members due to the termination of the pregnancy.

Of great importance in this study is whether the husband’s sexual relations are ethical. In answering this question in the view of the teleological theory, it will be prudent to look at other questions as well.

These include whether it could have been better for the husband to have extra marital affairs because of the current state of health of his wife, and the question of whether it is unlawful to have sexual relations with one’s spouse if they are in a state of health similar to the one the wife is in. This is in addition to how rape is defined and circumstances under which physicians ought to terminate pregnancy.

It is clear that the husband is both loving and caring and that is why he has chosen to take care of his ailing wife. Although the wife is in a pathetic state of health, she is perhaps in need of sexual satisfaction from the husband. Since she is unable to talk, it cannot be assumed that she is not in need of sexual relations with her husband. In addition, as the husband asserts, they were in a loving sexual relation throughout their marriage.

This being his own wife, he could restrain himself from having intimacy with her. Since she is unable to talk, it could have been difficulty for the husband to agree with her on whether it was needful to have another child, hence getting pregnant. However, non-verbal communication could have been employed between the two to agree on this since she is said to be responsive to visual, auditory, and tactile stimulation.

In view of the shortcomings of the teleological theory with respect to the present study, is that based on the judgment of intrinsic values, the good of the ailing wife should have been the greatest. She is already in much trauma due to the accident that occurred.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Teleological and Deontological Theories of Ethics Definition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, pregnancy and any action leading to it should have been avoided at all costs so that she is given sufficient health care to let her recover first. This is because extra discomfort is encountered when one is pregnant. Thus, although the husband was trying to avoid any bad outcome such as extra-marital affairs that could have led to further problems like sexually transmitted diseases and neglect of his family; his sexual actions could have led to more problems and was in this regard not ethical.

Deontological Theory The argument of this theory is that the ethical standards and their outcomes are mutually exclusive. A single situation may suit the application of one or several moral principles. One’ action may be based either on the one moral principle or on several moral principles available. The shortcoming of this theory is that either personal or cultural biases may affect the choice of the most primary moral principle (Day, Paul and Williams, 2009, p. 27).

In the current case, the husband’s actions are guided by a primary moral principle, which is as the husband; he reserves the right to have sexual relations with his wife. In addition, in him doing this, he will be fulfilling one of the key purposes of their marriage; procreation. It is also amoral for him to have extra marital affairs because the wife is sick.

Thus, according to this theory, his actions are justified since it is for the good of the family and that the consequences of his actions are separate from his sexual actions. However, his actions may not be justified based on how the wife’s family members and health professionals perceive it.

Accordingly, the wife’s family regards his sexual relations with her as rape. This is because rape can be defined as a coercing or compelling someone to have sexual relations against their willingness and in this may be the case of marital rape (Page, 2010, p. 381).

Since the wife is incapacitated and lacks the ability to communicate effectively and make appropriate judgment, the husband having sexual relations with her may be regarded as rape since she may not have consented to the same. Thus, viewed from this moral principle, the husband’s actions may be termed as amoral.

Judgment using the Double Effect Criterion This is a criterion that can be used to ethically justify some actions whose consequences are either good or bad (Day, Paul and Williams, 2009).

Thus, although the outcomes of the husband’s actions may not be good, his action may be morally justified. This is because, first, the action can be termed as being ethically impartial; having physical intimacy with his wife is morally acceptable. However, given that her present state of health does not allow her to make sound decisions with respect to having sex, doing so may amount to rape, which is amoral.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Teleological and Deontological Theories of Ethics Definition by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Secondly, the agent (husband) genuinely intends for good and not a bad outcome. The bad outcome is not intended but it can be foreseen. He intends to sexually satisfy his wife and remain faithful. However, this does not stop him from foreseeing the pregnancy that might complicate the wife’s state of health.

Thirdly, the evil outcome is not used as a means of achieving the good outcome. The husband is consciously aware that his action will have a good outcome and not the evil one. Finally, the balance of good over evil is proportionate. The intention behind the husband’s decision to have sexual relations with his ailing wife is favorable in comparison to the amoral aspect of it. Thus viewed from this criterion, the husband’s action is justified.

Conclusion Ethics describe beliefs about right and wrong. Judging whether a given action is ethical or not can be done from the various ethical theories; these are the teleological, deontological and the double effect.

Based from the more vivid and adequate arguments presented by both the teleological and deontological theories with respect to the present study, it is not morally upright for the husband to have sexual relations with his ailing life. He would rather take care of her until she recovers first. His actions are unethical since in the state the wife is in, she cannot make any sound decision since her communication is impaired.

Therefore, although the husband’s action is not ill informed, it may be regarded as rape. The husband has good intentions such as expressing love to his wife, being faithful and being responsible. Moreover, the resulting pregnancy could have further deteriorated the wife’s state of health. Although the double effect theory may tend to justify the husband’s action by overlooking the outcomes, the weight of the consequences of his sexual actions far outweigh his good intentions. His sexual actions were not thus ethical.

References Day, R., Paul, P. and Williams, B. (2009). Brunner and Suddarth’s Textbook of Canadian Medical-Surgical Nursing. Ontario: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Web.

Ferrell, O, C., Fraedrich, J. and Ferrell, L. (2009). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making and Cases. New York: Cengage Learning. Web.

Page, R.M. (2010). Promoting Health and Emotional Well-Being in Your Classroom. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Learning. Web.

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Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions Analytical Essay essay help free: essay help free

Introduction This is an argumentative report on Elizabeth Candy Stanton’s “Declaration of sentiments and resolutions”. In this report an argument is made on the effectiveness of the above speech. This is done by examining a number of factors including the historical and cultural context, the audience for which the speech was intended, and in general the kind of facts that the speech brought out.

Background Information The best way to analyse this speech is by examining the historical and cultural context at the time the speech was made. This is accomplished below.

Historical and Cultural Context

The speech was made in 1948. Eight years earlier in 1940 Elizabeth Candy along with other women were subjected to a kind of discrimination in a major convention in London. This is an era when slavery was an order of the day. In the US, slavery was far from being abolished as it drove the economies of the states especially in the south.

The issue of human rights was still a new term and surprisingly men, and in this case white men, were considered to be the only rational creatures. Women were treated as kids and therefore were not given rights as those that men possessed. Women were denied instruments of enlightenment such as pursuing courses in theology and law which were very significant in liberating them. Women therefore being ignorant accepted the positions that men degraded them to.

The Declaration and Resolution The Arguments

Elizabeth made very keen observations and presented them in a very logical way. She started her argument by claiming that all people are created equal and are entitled to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” (Stanton 73).

She further argued that governments are instituted with the purpose on ensuring that these rights are not violated. She believed that whenever a government is not able to protect these rights then it becomes irrelevant in the eyes of those who gave it the consent to govern. Having laid her foundation she knocks the nail on the head of the subject matter by pointing out how the government has allowed men to continuously trample on the rights of women.

Stanton argued that men have never allowed women to participate in elective franchise. She argued against the notion of being subjected to rules whose formation they did not participate in. She argued that the most ignorant men were subjected to rights which women were denied. She viewed the isolation from the hall of legislation as the major way which men used to oppress women from all sides.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She goes on to outline many ways in which men have oppressed women through legislation. She argued in manner that clearly depicted the kind of slavery that women were in: “He has monopolised nearly all the profitable employment, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration” (Stanton 74).

She was very logical in her of arguing, for instance she pointed out that women are kept in darkness concerning their rights by being out rightly denied to know about them (their rights) by being denied college admission. She finalised her argument by pointing out the fact that she anticipated some stiff resistance in form of “misconception, misrepresentation, and ridicule” (Stanton 74).

Resolutions

Twelve resolutions were made. The resolutions were meant to correct the wrongs which had been committed against women. The first resolution declared that laws which were in conflict with the happiness of women were invalid. It was resolved that laws which placed men in superior positions than women were against the precept of nature. More resolutions advocated for women to be treated as equals of men and consequently be enlightened in reference to the laws that govern them.

It was resolved that there shall be no use of double standards in matters of “virtue, delicacy, and refinement of behaviour” (Stanton 74) as it pertains to women. The ninth resolution read “that it is the duty of the women of this country to secure to themselves their sacred rights to the elective franchise” (Stanton 75). The last resolution made was meant to trigger some action from the supporters of women liberation to get into action and help in the liberation process.

Discussion Stanton presented a very strong case for women liberation. She tactfully showed how men took advantage of women and relegated them to some kind of slavery.

Although women had assumed that men were justified to treat them as such, Stanton made a very strong appeal and evoked some sense in women. It is recorded that all the resolutions were unanimously adopted except the ninth one which it was felt would be used to term the whole movement ridicule. I must admit that the declaration was effective as the argument was plain and simple to understand based on simple basics of nature.

Conclusion “Declaration of sentiments and resolutions” as made by Stanton was quite effective. Although made in a time when women were generally regarded as inferior in the society, its impact was great taking into consideration the clear and straight forward way of arguing that was presented by Stanton.

We will write a custom Essay on Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Work Cited Stanton, Elizabeth. Declaration of sentiments and resolutions; Women’s History. New York: Arno, 1969. Print.

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War and Nature in Literature Compare and Contrast Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

War and nature are two themes that have so much in common. Mankind is always on a mission to exploit the environment for new possibilities, make life easier and bearable. Archeologists for instance channel a lot of efforts, time and resources exploiting and studying artifacts.

Being exploitative by nature, man also puts much effort in exploiting oil wells and other forms of energy and use different means to transport to the areas where it is needed. The exploitation has had several negative effects on the environment and despite this, energy demands keep increasing and hence the need to do more exploitation.

Exhaust fumes from tracks, factories as well as other poisonous substances pose a serious threat to the environment. The exploitation seems to pose a threat to archeological research as well (Johnson 1-4).

A very small percentage of nature has been exploited and studied archeologically and this includes the forests and the landscape, yet exploitation for energy is destroying them. Population grown has also contributed to the destruction of the natural environment. Energy companies have been known to build roads that lead to the mining fields while people use the roads to explore and exploit the environment as they use off-road vehicles.

What used to be remote is no longer remote and the environment is being overexploited and to the level where the future generations may have nothing to depend on. This is in accordance with a New York Times article on the Western energy boom that was published on 2nd August, 2008.

There are other places which have recreational facilities, cultural resources as well as energy development firms all at the same place hence causing a great conflict. There is a great need for the coexistence of energy and history instead of energy exploitation leading to the destruction of archeological sites.

Exploitation has to be done in a responsible way to ensure that nature is preserved. The exploitation must therefore be policed be it by volunteers or the government. More research on archeological sites and their importance has to be enhanced and methods that are friendly to nature be employed in exploration.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People have continually been exploiting the natural resources, for instance through fishing. The indigenous species are continually being depleted with minimal or no restriction at all. Elizabeth Bishop in her poem, ‘The fish’ notes; “He didn’t fight. He hadn’t fought at all (Bishop 200).”

This is in reference to the fact that man meets little resistance while exploiting the environment to his benefit, yet distorting the balance in nature. Nature and man seem to always be at war, with man always taking advantage of nature and overexploiting it and nature reacts by hauling the side effects of overexploitation back to him.

Given the fact that mans desire to explore and exploit never seize, he goes to the level of overexploiting nature and leaves the environment desolate with no ancient and attractive sites hence causing people to long for it yet they cannot get it. With the continued industrialization, the emergence of factories, mines as well as railroads, all of most of which use coal, environmental pollution has been on the rise both in the cities as well as the countries hence making nature to lose its beauty (Wordsworth 22).

The persona in the poem, ‘The Lake Isle of Innisfree,’ yarns to go and experience nature in its ideal and uninterrupted form. For instance he says, “And evening full of the linnet’s wings,” which is a symbol of the natural environment. (Yeats 44).

Another significant aspect in man’s life is war. Since time immemorial man has always been at war. Humans have always tried to outdo each other by waging war against the rivals, hence spreading havoc and distraction against the enemy as well as killing. The aim of war is to silence the foe and claim victory hence granting freedom to the coming generations. Most of the time what is left of war is the memories of the past.

At the time of war, people undergo so much difficulty, loosing valuable, hurting and even dying in the process yet others keep the fight. At war time, pleasure is derived from the anguish and agony that is directed to the enemy as stated in Wilfred Owen’s poem (Owen 2). Although those who win encounter losses as well, as evident in the poem, Concord Hymn, “The foe long since in silence slept; Alike the conqueror silent sleeps (Emerson 43)”

War is fought and people killed just because they belong to the camp of the foes. In real sense, had those who were killing each other met in an inn, they would have perceived each other in a different way. There is usually no substantial justification for killings occur during war time.

We will write a custom Essay on War and Nature in Literature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More People kill others yet had they met at a bar they would have treated each other, or helped each other under different circumstances. The poet in the poem, ‘The Man He Killed,’ notes; “You shoot a fellow down You’d treat, if met where any bar (Hardy 130).” People get to war just for the sake of fighting at times with no established reason or no justification for it.

They march into the valley of death to kill and be killed. They go in multitudes and with sophisticated weapons. War never seems to surprise people, and no care is given as to whether a mistake was made are whether a reason is given for the war to take place. All that the soldiers care about is to kill and get killed.

Weapons are arranged in every side and fired causing destruction and death and those who return from the battlefield are usually fewer than those who went. Those who fight well escape death as their colleagues are killed (Tennyson 100). All that is gained is the glory and the memories of how they fought bravely. War and nature are in a way related.

War has adverse effects on nature. The shelling, bombing, fumes and fires that emanate from war not only cause death but also leads to the destruction of the natural environment. They leave the battle field desolate and in some cases the effects are over a wider area.

Man has always taken part in the destruction of the natural environment as well as in engineering war which causes a lot of havoc to the environment. In both cases, the destructive nature of man is manifest.

Works Cited Bishop, Elizerbeth. “The Fish.” Poetry Connection (1939): 200.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. “Concord Hymn.” Yale Book of American verse (1836): 43.

Hardy, Thomas. “The Man He Killed.” Mordern British Poetry (1920): 130.

Not sure if you can write a paper on War and Nature in Literature by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Johnson, Kirk. “Energy Boom in West Threatens Indian Artifacts.” NewYork Times (2008): 1-4.

Owen, Wilfred. “Dulce Et Decorum Est.” The Trench Destroyer (1917).

Tennyson, Alfred. “The Charge of the Light Brigade.” Poetry Archive (1843): 100.

Wordsworth, William. “Sonnet.” Miscellaneous Sonnets (1850): 22.

Yeats, Willium Butler. “Lake Isle of Innerfree.” Modern British Poetry (1865): 44.

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Lincoln’s Speech and did Reconstruction Happen in the Country? Essay college essay help online

Lincoln’s second inaugural speech is one of the most remarkable documents in the history of the United States of America and much importance is attached to it due to its content or the massage it contains. The then president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, gave his second inaugural speech to the citizens on the fourth day of March the year 1865 as he entered his second term of presidency.

It was just before the end of the civil war and slavery that had existed for the past four years and hence the nation was filled with a feeling of sadness as they suffered from the effects of war and slavery. The audience had many expectations as they wanted to know the way forward in regard to the nations’ state.

Lincoln had previously also not spoken of reconstruction and hopes for the future which he did in the speech by bringing into light the bad deeds of both the people from the North and the South and sought peace between them. Lincoln’s speech was very brief and straight to the point as he made it known to the audience what he had felt about the situation that prevailed in the nation.

He used his religious beliefs to explain the situation stating that the results attained had been out of the will of God. He urged people to change their ways and not to judge others of their past deeds and that God’s will could be quite different from that of either party in the civil war but rather unite in doing good in order to heal the nation’s wounds. This amazed the crowd as it was unusual of him to behave in that manner (White and White JR: 17).

Reconstruction and Its Effects In Lincoln’s second inaugural speech, he stated clearly that all the citizens should join hands in doing well and promoting the welfare of one another with an aim of ensuring that peace and harmony exist within the nation and also among the nation and the other nations. Reconstruction period was marked by the years that followed the civil war.

Reconstruction was a very critical and sensitive process that entailed restoration of the split states to the Union. Major aspects of concern were how to handle the states, the treatment of the southern whites and the freed slaves.

Although both the presidential and congressional reconstruction sought to bring about peace and harmony among the citizens with an aim of healing the nation’s wounds, they opposed one another in the way they approached the issue and the recommendations they advocated for.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, Abraham’s Lincoln’s approach to reconstruction worked on the principle that the states in question were never completely separated from the union and thus they should be treated fairly. He stated that the people from the south who were involved in the civil war had the right to be pardoned after taking an oath of loyalty to the United States of America.

He also advocated for the acceptance of any state where ten percent of its citizens have taken the oath of loyalty to the United States of America and had a government that worked forward towards the end of slavery. Although Andrew Johnson, Lincoln’s successor, was pleased with his plan and adopted it, the congress opposed his actions and came up with its reconstruction plan.

The Congress’ reconstruction plan had the following provisions; establishment of a freedmen’s bureau that was supposed to handle the freed slaves, enactment of reconstruction Acts which would make re-admission to the Union not easy, passage of the Civil Right Act that was aimed at protecting the freed slaves from various laws which were being enacted in most southern states for example the Black Codes and the enactment of the fourteenth amendment that would guarantee that no legislatures could make any changes to the passed Civil Rights Act. After Andrew Johnson’s period of presidency, the Congress reconstruction plan was adopted.

Although the reconstruction helped in some ways to bind up the nation’s wounds, the affected people like most southerners and also other concerned people like historians view the process as not being successful as it caused more destruction than the civil war itself due to the consequences that was associated with it. If Lincoln’s reconstruction plan and policy was adopted and implemented, it would have helped a great deal in enhancing the healing process of the wounds caused by the civil war as it involved moderate and effective actions.

The adoption of the policy that tried to force the southern people into moves they did not appreciate slowed the healing process as they did not feel well represented in the process since the need to preserve the north leaving the south behind was explicit. Lack of systematic organization of the reconstruction process and the hurry to accomplish the expected change increased the racial problem in the south making it impossible to attain peace (Klose and Lader 19).

Works Cited Klose, Nelson and Lader Curt. United States History, since 1865, 6th Ed. New York: Barron’s Educational Series, 2001.

White, C. Ronald and White, C. Ronald Jr. Lincoln’s Greatest Speech: The Second Inaugural. USA: Simon and Schuster, 2002.

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Stages of Change Inventory Essay (Critical Writing) essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The stages of change are psychological stages that psychotherapists use to assess and evaluate psychological progress of patients under psychotherapy.

Assessing the patients’ psychological stages and customizing psychotherapy to be in line with their psychological progress, significantly enhances the outcomes of any psychotherapy. According to varied psychotherapy models, change in behavior undergoes six consecutive stages, namely “pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination” (Prochaska

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“Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America” by Gary Kleck Essay (Critical Writing) college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Authors’ Use of Language

Evaluation of Evidence

Influence on the Authors

Authors’ Perception on the Topic

Works Cited

Introduction Controversy surrounding gun control has been existence in America for over a century. While possession of guns has been widely associated with injury and death of innocent people, guns have also been known to save lives and prevent crimes when used appropriately (Valdez 7). According to the federal government’s national vital statistic report of 2001, 11001 people were murdered by use of a fire arm, 924 died as a result of accidental shootings, while 16455 people used guns to commit suicide (Gold 11).

Thousands of Americans are dying each year from gun inflicted injuries. However, the same guns are used by police and other law enforcing agents to protect people against crime. Opponents of gun control such as Kleck Gary oppose gun control citing that such regulations have no significant effect on the overall crime reduction in America. On the other hand, proponents of gun control argue that ownership of more guns often results in increased deaths emanating from use of fire arms.

Authors’ Use of Language In his book, Point blank: guns and violence in America, Gary Kleck is contemptuous of gun control proponents. According to Kleck, the central rationale for gun control as a means of controlling violence is ‘eminently commonsensical’ (Kleck 429). He argues that the effects of disarming violent people are limited in scope and would not necessarily produce any net violence reducing impact. The writer is critical of the proponents’ views which he refers to as ‘unduly simplified conception of the role of weaponry in human violence’ (Kleck 429).

Susan Dudley Gold accommodates the views of gun control opponents and incorporates them in her discussion. The writer presents the views of proponents and supports them with relevant evidence. She assesses both sides of the discussion and acknowledges that the ongoing debate continues to be complicated by lack of consensus between the two sides (Gold 17). The writer is not cynical of the opposing side; rather, she considers the arguments from both sides in order to make an informed decision.

Evaluation of Evidence According to Gary Kleck, general gun ownership appears to have an insignificant net effect on the rates of crime although they affect the fraction of crimes committed with guns (Kleck, 430). Kleck claims that gun ownership levels have no net effect on suicide rates especially due to the wide range of alternative suicide methods.

In addition, gun ownership levels appear to have no relationship with the rates of fatal gun accidents since such accidents are rare and confined to a small portion of the population. This makes it difficult to detect any statistical relationship existing between gun levels and accident rates (Kleck 430). However, the writer fails to adequately support his evidence with research findings and statistical data.

Susan Gold clearly outlines the views of gun control advocates and supports them with statistical evidence. The proponents argue that possession of a gun does not guarantee family and property safety. Indeed, such possession endangers lives of family members through accidental shootings and gun related suicides (Gold, 17). This argument is backed by Arthur Kellermann, a medical school professor, who in his research found that death from such incidences occur twice as much as death resulting from killings by armed criminals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, proponents of gun control argue that the more guns there are, the more the deaths resulting from guns. In support of this argument, the writer cites the report issued by the federal by Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Fire arms which indicated that the highest rates of violent crimes was in 1990 when the sale of small fire arms was at the peak (Gold 17).

Influence on the Authors Susan Daudley Gold was heavily influenced by the escalating violence rates across regions of the world. In her book, she gives a statistical outline of the crime rates in various countries as well as gun murder rates. The writer looks at the debate on guns control from both perspectives in order to establish the reasons why criminal rates remain high in most parts of the world.

Gary Kleck was highly influenced by the irony prevalent in the gun control struggle. When it comes to the issue of gun control, the traditional political positions often become reversed. The debate has forced liberals and conservatives to switch places whereby liberalists support gun laws whereas conservatives oppose them. The writer out rightly rejects the proponents view by criticizing the arguments that they place in support of gun laws.

Authors’ Perception on the Topic According to Susan Gold, the century old argument revolves around the issues of the second amendment, the relationship between gun ownership and crime and the effectiveness of gun control regulations. She is accommodates views from both sides and suggests that the only reason for persistence of the highly controversial debate is the complication arising from the fact that guns are used for both protection and harm.

Gary Kleck on the other hand disagrees with the proponents of gun control citing that there exists no valid relationship between levels of guns and rates of violent crimes. However, the writer acknowledges the need for a workable gun control strategy due to the dangerous nature of gun as a weapon.

Works Cited Gold D. Susan. Gun Control. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2004. Print.

Kleck, Gary. Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2005. Print.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on “Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America” by Gary Kleck specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Valdez, Angela. Gun Control. New York: InfoBase Publishing, 2003, Print.

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Electronic Business and Security Issues Problem Solution Essay writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Models of E-Business

Applications of E-Business

Network Security Issues in E-Business

Effecting Security in the Network

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction The 21st century is characterized by an enhanced technological development and more so in the field of Information technology. This advancement has promoted the business arena greatly by facilitating the establishment of electronic businesses. E- Business, often referred as e-commerce, is any business activity that involves sharing of information over the internet (Beynon-Davies, 2004).

Models of E-Business E-business uses the following three models for its operation: B2B, B2C or C2C (Timmers, (2000). The first involves any business trading that involves two business entities. The second one is when a consumer buys goods or services from a businessman/woman for consumption.

Lastly, we have C2C that occurs when various consumers are brought together to buy; for instance in an E-bay (Timmers, 2000). E-commerce has boosted businesses significantly by enabling many companies extend their operations from national levels to trade globally, thereby enhancing their performances in a great manner in terms of the profits they realize.

Applications of E-Business E-business has enhanced the efficiency of current business transactions. In some cases, buying of goods and services involves just the click of the mouse. Most of the e-businesses prefer the use of electronic payments as their mode of payment. Some of options they have as their payment preferences include; wire transfer, PayPal, Credit Card ,E gold and others (Beynon-Davies, 2004).

E-business has also led to the computerization of almost all the processes in these organizations. For example, the human resource departments of these companies are computerized so that they can comply with the high demand that accompanies such businesses. The human resource departments of these companies conduct their recruitments online.

They generally store the testimonials of their preferred applicant in a common database from where they make their choices when they require hiring some personnel (Beynon-Davies, 2004). Their task becomes very easy since they only have to sort the testimonials of their preferred candidates electronically from these databases.

The human resource department can also conduct their training online for both the newly recruited and the other employees that need to upgrade their skills. Similarly, the accounting, marketing and procurement departments employ the same concept, while conducting their day-to-day activities (Beynon-Davies, 2004). The e-commerce is very sensitive and is commonly venerable to both internal and external security threats such as hackers or malicious damage of companies files by some employees (Beynon-Davies, 2004).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Network Security Issues in E-Business Internal and external network security threats occurs in three forms which include reconnaissance attach, access attack and lastly the denial of service attack. The first attack entails the hacker’s effort to determine the nature of one’s network. It involves identifying the hardware and software used as well as the topology adapted.

This basic information is very important as it gives the hacker the direction on how to proceed. Reconnaissance attack occurs in various types such as scanning or Eavesdropping. Scanning attacks are executed to assist the attacker determine whether the computers in the network have IP addresses (Westfall, 2010).

An access attack is an attempt to access the files’ passwords using password cracking programs. Hackers achieve this by cracking the passwords through eavesdropping whereby they are able to establish the passwords from the packets that have clear-text passwords. Similarly, a hacker can access the network by capitalizing on the weaknesses of the operating system used. Once inside the network, the hacker maximizes this opportunity to break into other networks, erase files or change the coding of some programs (Fickes, 2000).

The internal attacks are executed by those that have authorized access. Most of these are some employees that may have some hidden agenda that they are willing to accomplish. Their missions may include illegally accessing the human resource files to order their testimonials when they are planning to acquire unaccredited promotions or increase in their salaries.

Similarly, it may include accessing the records in the accounting department and altering their content maybe to reflect higher pay. This can easily happen to those networks that are not well secured. It happens when a network that hosts various departments does not have good restrictions on the files that should be accessed by all the users and those that should be accessed by only a few (Fickes, 2000).

Effecting Security in the Network To avoid such an attack, the network administrator should share only those files that are not sensitive to the operations of the company. Such files include the company policies, training manuals and such documents. The sharing of such files can be realized by the network administrator establishing a common folder in the server that is sharing it with all the workstations in the computer network and not those files which are very sensitive to the daily operations of the company.

Files that highlight the company’s strategies and accounting performances should not be shared, but their access should be restricted to a few personnel. Their security can be enhanced by reinforcing their security further through encryption and assigning them a password (Fickes, 2000). Encryption will ensure that their contents are not hacked when these files are being relayed from one point to the other.

We will write a custom Essay on Electronic Business and Security Issues specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, when the accounting department is sending the accounting performances to the head office, no one can be able to intercept these files through eavesdropping. This is because encryption encodes these files such that if unauthorized person comes across such files they cannot be able to use them unless they contain the required decoding program (Fickes, 2000).

The use of password prevents any unauthorized user who may accidentally access the server not be in a position to access the contents of such files unless that person posses the required password (Fickes, 2000). The network administrator should advice the employees to use very strong passwords to secure their sensitive information or secure their machines so that to minimize malicious attacks within the company.

They should strengthen their passwords by avoiding passwords such as their names, name of palaces. Instead they should use password that contains more than 6 characters and those that are not easy to guess. The network administrator should also assign every employee his/her own workstation which should always be secured with their password whenever not in use and that password should not be disclosed to anybody.

The external attacks occur when unauthorized access or tries to access a given network. This may be an individual with a hidden agenda or a business rival that is employing unethical techniques to compete. Some of the common external attack that exists includes denial of service attack; this is a security threat whereby attackers delay or deny legal traffic or user access a specific resource. The attacker can achieve this by overpower such a resource with a lot of ICMP packets (Westfall, 2010).

This type of attack is mostly associated with the corporate world. Some companies interfere with the performances of other organizations through this type of attack to reduce the quality of their services so that to enable them gain a competitive advantage over them (Westfall, 2010).

The attack can only affect a specific program or can make all the machines fail. To avoid such an attack, the network administrator should ensure that the network is installed with filtering solutions such as firewall like Cisco IOS routers or IPEX. Intrusion-Detection System is another strategy that can be used to avoid external attacks.

The IDS detects the reconnaissance attacks and alert the users of any looming attack. Cisco has various tools that the administrator can adapt in the network to detect such attacks so that to act accordingly in good time (Westfall, 2010).

Virus, worms and Trojan attacks; these are the most common external attack that exhibits any given network. A virus is considered as any program that is installed and runs in a computer without one’s knowledge (Fickes, 2000). Most often these viruses replicate and distribute their damages to other places within the network.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Electronic Business and Security Issues by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Worms replicated within a network with an intension of using all the systems resource or crashing it altogether. A Trojan horse is a software that is loaded in a computer within a network and awaits the user to activate it so that to initiate its damage (Fickes, 2000). They disguise themselves as antivirus, but instead of removing them they increase them. They can be avoided through user training, proper use of antivirus programs and use of application-verification program.

The human resource department can play a pivotal role in helping to control both the internal and external attacks in any given network. The human resource department should liaise with the network administrator and come up with policies that will guide the employees when running their day-to-day activities so that to uphold the security of the network.

The human resource department while training the newly recruited workforce should educate them on safe use of information system. They should advice them not to install any program in their computers and to consult the system administrator when confronted with any technical issue. They should also be educated on how to select the password they should use to secure their systems. They should ensure that they use passwords that have both letters and numbers and avoid writing them on their desks.

The human resource department and the system administrator should advice the concerned individuals to ensure that they encrypt their sensitive information such as credit cards information, passwords and sometimes even the usernames, company trade secrets and sensitive information and individual personal details such as address, telephone number, social security numbers and so on (Fickes, 2000).

This will help the network to avoid security attacks and especially due to eavesdropping. The employees should be informed not to disclose any information that can compromise the security of the network maybe as a response to a telephone call. This will help to avoid an attack as a result of social engineering.

Conclusion If the highlighted issues are taken into consideration, both the internal and external network attacks will be a resolved issue. The company will be able to better protect its strategic business information, property rights as well as trade secrets.

Reference List Beynon-Davies, P. (2004). E-Business. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Fickes, M. (2010). B2B security: Access control

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Situational Irony in ‘The Secret Agent by Joseph Conrad’ Essay online essay help: online essay help

‘The Secret Agent’ by Joseph Conrad is political novel which was set in London and published in the early twentieth century. Although the novel has got other themes, terrorism is among the most outstanding issues that have been discussed through out the whole story.

The main character in the novel is Mr. Verloc who is a secret agent. He is a shop owner and trades in pornographic materials. Other characters that are important include the wife of Mr. Verloc, his mother in law as well as his brother in law who suffers from a mental condition. The novel majors in explaining the work life of Verloc as well as his family life.

It has a tragic ending since the brother in law dies and Verloc is stabbed by his wife to death who goes missing after trying to run away. The story has been presented in various ways to capture the attention of the audience and to make it interesting. Situational irony has been greatly and this essay shall discuss the use of the same.

Conrad has used irony to such a great extent as it has been noted by most people who have read the story. Situational irony which has been used occurs when there is a difference between the events that take place and the expected events. For instance, in the German / Australian Embassy in the introductory part, things turn out opposite of what was initially expected.

The councilor states that “We are not very satisfied with the attitude of the police here” (Conrad pp. 12). Councilor Wurmt starts by doubting the vigilance of the policemen from England but latter came to the realization that they were by far more vigilant than his initial expectations.

More often than not, presence of a mother in law in the house causes not only conflicts but may also lead to a family breakup. It was expected that the presence of Winnie’s mother in Mr. Verloc’s home would annoy him and cause him to hate his brother in law who was mentally disabled.

Instead, Mr. Verloc appreciated Stevie even more. Nevertheless, the actions of the Winnie’s mother had far many severe consequences because due to Mr. Verloc taking more notice of Stevie, he used him to deposit the bomb which later caused not only his death but also the death of the husband and wife. It was unexpected that the action of the mother in law would lead to the death of his son, his son in law and eventually his daughter.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author majors in using the situation irony especially in relation to the death of Stevie. It was unexpected that the death of Stevie will end up being so consequential. After the death, Mr. Verloc makes an attempt to pacify his wife but instead, Mrs. Verloc becomes agitated and stabs his husband to death. Worse still, after committing the murder, Mrs. Verloc resolves to escape from her own village which she succeeds. However, she goes missing towards the end of the book and it is believed that she had committed suicide through drowning.

Use of Stevie to deposit Verloc’s bomb has lead to a lot of unexpected outcome. It does not only lead to the breakdown of the family but also to the death of some of the main characters: Mr. Verloc and his wife. It is quite ironic how Conrad uses situational irony not only to maintain the tone of the story but also to make it interesting.

In addition, irony helps to create more suspense and therefore, helps to capture the attention of the audience. Through out the whole story, is it is clear that trivial actions are causing unexpected results. For instance, were it not for the fact that Winnie had sewn the address of the house on the collar of Stevie; he would not have been identified after the explosion.

Coincidentally, while Winnie was escaping from her home place, she managed to meet Ossipona, a man who falls in love with her. The man believes that it is out of good luck he has managed to meet Winnie and decides to move on with her. However, after discovering that Winnie had killed her husband, Ossipona not only plans to break up with her, but also to stop relating with women and opts to become a drunkard. It is ironic that just by meeting one woman who had killed her husband; Ossipona is put off completely (Conrad pp. 194).

As highlighted in the introductory part, Conrad has succeeded in the use of situational irony. Most of the events in the story led to the occurrence of the unexpected results. For instance, a trivial event may become more consequential or a very important event may lead to trivial consequences.

For example, in their aim to make Stevie more presentable to Verloc, Winnie and her mother ended up making him not only to be loyal but also docile. As a result, it was easy for him to be manipulated by Verloc and be made to carry the bomb which led to his death. Therefore, it cannot be an understatement to conclude that Conrad has succeeded in using situational irony to contribute to the comic effect thorough out the whole story.

Work Cited Conrad, Joseph. The Secret Agent. Stilwell: Digireads.com Publishing , 2007. Print.

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Hospital Corporation of America (HCA) Essay online essay help

HCA has a board of directors whose main function is to oversee its general administration. It makes corporate decisions on behalf of the institution, which include funding projects and acquisition of new facilities. An additional function of the board is to employ and fire the company’s directors and officers when need arises.

Furthermore, the institution has the position of Chairman and ‘Chief Executive Officer’ (CEO) who coordinates its daily activities within the hospitals and other medical facilities around the world. The vice president in charge of finance manages the institution’s assets. Lastly, the senior vice president oversees the well-being of employees and clients[1].

The headquarters of HCA is in Nashville in the state of Tennessee, US; moreover, it is in the Nashville-Davidson County. It has initiated community-based programs that help the community in diverse ways. The institution owns hospitals and properly established surgical facilities in twenty states, in the U.S and London in England.

It provides sufficient Medicare that meets the community’s healthcare demands. Moreover, it puts together many services with an aim of delivering maximum quality and efficient medication to clients. The institution shares technology with other facilities to ensure excellent Medicare. It is noteworthy that it also offers training for health practitioners through a well-integrated internship curriculum. This mainly targets medical students from colleges[2].

Its excellently structured hierarchy of governance shuns any misapprehension between personnel, especially the administration. It is noteworthy that the board of directors designates duties to the directors and officers of the institution.

As a result, the officers seek administrative clarifications from the board through the Chairman and CEO. This ensures they respect the authority of the Chairman and CEO. Moreover, the junior officers and departmental heads receive directions from their respective supervisors and coordinators. Efficiency at work is one of the shared values that connect all individuals involved in HCA. The institution requires all personnel to embrace efficiency in every duty they perform.

Furthermore, its employees practice professionalism at work. Thus, they perform every task in accordance with the set rules and regulations. It is evident that teamwork is a quality present in HCA’s employees, whereby they work together to ensure they provide consummate services to clients. In this institution, each employee is accountable for the actions and decisions he undertakes. This ensures they perform their work with care and concentration to avoid mistakes[3].

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In achieving its purpose, the institution offers various services in healthcare. In order to attain these, there are practices that must be undertaken. The first one is the management of patient account services, which enables it keep records about its patients. Additionally, the supply chain services ensure the institution acquires all the tools, machinery, personnel and drugs it requires for its daily operation.

The other practice is the management of the payroll services through its payroll center. This helps in the payment of hospital bills by patients seeking its services. It is noteworthy that, in HCA, the board of governors remains the highest ranked office.

This board conveys administrative decisions to the institution employees through the Chairman and CEO who passes it to his juniors. The Senior Vice Chairman in charge of finance ensures the implementation of these decisions. Moreover, he has a direct link with the CEO, with whom he discusses various institutional issues. It is evident that the departmental heads convey medical decisions to the personnel in their respective departments.

Most importantly, employees act upon these decisions in accordance to the instructions provided. Employees in HCA departments include medical professionals who formulate laws and policies enacted in the corporation. In addition, there are also subordinate staffs such as financial clerks, receptionists, and cleaners who ensure the corporation performs its duties adequately[4].

Execution of these inherent powers takes place through a number of ways that are both formal and informal. It is evident that incase the board has a significant administrative decision to make, it arranges for a formal meeting with the CEO. This gives him a chance to react to these decisions before they reach the employees.

The execution of administrative decisions can take place through notifications placed in the institutions weekly bulletins. Such decisions are minor, and thus employees can access them at their own time. It is evident that each employee receives the bulletins on a weekly basis. At HCA, internal memos convey formal departmental decisions, which are mainly medical related.

Thus, the employees in these departments come across them on their office notice boards or desks. Additionally, departmental notices placed on announcement boards can convey these decisions. On the contrary, those involved can make decisions informally through office sermons and corridor notifications[5].

We will write a custom Essay on Hospital Corporation of America (HCA) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More HCA is legally responsible for the quality of healthcare its hospitals offer patients by ensuring it abide by all laws. This means that it has to adhere to the rules and regulations set up, in managing all its hospitals. It is noteworthy that the governing body provides HCA with all approved standards of professional practice and patient care.

Thus, any violations result into severe punishment of the institution in accordance to the set laws. Another law governing the institution involves its shares whereby, the corporation prohibits the issuing of more than one hundred and twenty five million shares of common stock at $.01 each. In addition, the board acting on a majority vote may alter the organizations by laws. Most importantly, HCA has adhered to all these policies and laws; thus, it performs its functions efficiently[6].

At HCA, success results from adherence to its mission and values. Thus, success means improving human life through deliverance of excellent and cost effective healthcare. Moreover, success at HCA means advancing the care given to patients by enacting measures that support their care providers. It also determines its success by ensuring patient safety during treatment and other healthcare sessions. Most importantly, success means positive response by patients to the healthcare services it offers.

On the contrary, HCA defines failure as not adhering to its mission and values. This mainly refers to the provision of poor medical care to patients who seek its services. The other definition of failure at HCA is the delivering of low quality and expensive healthcare in the community. Most importantly, failure at HCA refers to poor or no response by patients to the services the corporation provides[7].

The institution is successful in meeting its goals as it has managed to deliver exceptional and reasonably priced services to clients. Thus, patients have so far been contented with the healthcare services that HCA offers. It is noteworthy that the institution has succeeded because it has established community-based programs that help the society with healthcare issues they are facing. Moreover, caregivers and all other staff enjoy the appropriate working conditions at the institution.

Hence, they have committed themselves to serving the clients efficiently. The institution has also succeeded as it has won various awards such as fortune award and national patient safety foundation. These awards clearly portray the extent to which the institutions excellent work is evident in the provision of healthcare services. Additionally, it is successful because the health facilities it operates have registered large number of clients recently[8].

One of the effects of HCA’s core practices is that it has enabled the average American and English citizens to access medical care. This is through the achievement of its goals. It is a fact that different community based programs it has initiated has helped the community stay fee from illness.

These programs include the provision of healthcare education and training of needy groups. These groups include pregnant women, the elderly, and individuals with extraordinary illnesses like cancer and HIV aids. Additionally, HCA has provided employment to the individuals coordinating these programs. These include those offering teaching services to the people[9].

Not sure if you can write a paper on Hospital Corporation of America (HCA) by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The institution adapt to challenges promptly as it has put in place recovery and alternative programs, which help in overcoming such situations. It is evident that the institution is currently advancing its backup programs to ensure they are effective when need arises.

Furthermore, HCA overcomes challenges in treatment procedures brought about by newly emerging diseases. This is through regular training of their medical staff on the trends of newly emerging diseases. As a result, they attain the skills to counter these diseases. Moreover, management challenges are subject to consultation with administration experts who advises HCA board on what measures to take (HCA).

If I were the leader, I would introduce annual employee training programs. Here, they would undergo training on additional services provided by the institution. This will facilitate efficient services to the clients’ even with the absence of concerned employees. As one, can easily stand-in for a colleague.

Additionally, I would start a community outreach program in all HCA hospitals in a bid to reduce the number of outpatients flocking the hospitals. In these programs, the community will undergo training on health issues. Furthermore, those who are unwell will receive treatment from mobile doctors. Thus, only severe cases receive additional treatment at the health facilities.

The other step I would take as the leader of HCA is to collaborate with other hospitals on services that HCA facilities do not offer. This will reduce the moving of patients from one hospital to another. Another step I will take, as the leader of the institution is to ensure the unions address my employees’ needs.

Works Cited Hospital Corporation of America (HCA). Hospital Corporation of America. 2011. Web.

Rodengen, Jeffrey. The legend of HCA: Hospital Corporation of America. Florida, FL: Write Stuff Enterprises, 2003. Print.

Footnotes Hospital Corporation of America (HCA). Hospital Corporation of America .2011. Web.

Hospital Corporation of America (HCA). Hospital Corporation of America .2011. Web.

Hospital Corporation of America (HCA). Hospital Corporation of America .2011. Web.

Rodengen, Jeffrey. The legend of HCA: Hospital Corporation of America. (Florida, FL: Write Stuff Enterprises, 2003), 13.

Rodengen, Jeffrey. The legend of HCA: Hospital Corporation of America. (Florida, FL: Write Stuff Enterprises, 2003), 20.

Hospital Corporation of America (HCA). Hospital Corporation of America .2011. Web.

Rodengen, Jeffrey. The legend of HCA: Hospital Corporation of America. (Florida, FL: Write Stuff Enterprises, 2003), 29

Hospital Corporation of America (HCA). Hospital Corporation of America .2011. Web.

Rodengen, Jeffrey. The legend of HCA: Hospital Corporation of America. (Florida, FL: Write Stuff Enterprises, 2003), 24.

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TV Reality and People’s Lifestyle Essay essay help: essay help

The TVs have nowadays become something close to a basic need because they are so cheap for everyone to buy. In fact when you get used to it you become addicted such that when it becomes faulty you feel like something is missing in your life. In early days they were a symbol of wealth because those who owned one were envied by their neighbors.

Today that is history because they are so many in the market and they come with different features and models such as flat screens and LCDs. This paper focuses on how TVs have changed people’s lifestyles.

It did not occur in the minds of TV inventors that what they invented would influence people’s lives. In fact TV was meant to be used for entertainment purposes such as watching movies and etcetera. But today it has been transformed into a multipurpose tool because other than the initial use, it has become an educational material through the programs that are broadcasted.

Additionally, it is also appropriate for marketing goods and services. This has led to the emergence of lucrative businesses in advertising. This kind of marketing is compatible with TV because the media is a tool of communication that reaches millions of people world wide.

In the recent past, communication based on TV platform was one way traffic because the viewers could not express themselves but today most TV channels have established feedback channels that are used to extract opinions from the viewers with the aim of using the complains and compliments to improve their services. This is because there are so many TV channels and thus they are competing for the same customers hence they are opting to outsmart each other in order to win the confidence of their viewers.

A keen analysis on people indicates that TV has gotten into people’s nerves because they do whatever they see being done on TV. This means that the TV has become a tool of verifying our lifestyles even if they are not acceptable by the society. For instance, people dress according to how they see TV models dressed but what they don’t know is that what the actors and musicians put on is appropriate for TV purposes only.

Some of the things that are displayed by the media personalities are not real, such as the tattoos that are temporary meaning that they eradicate them as soon as the show or video is over.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It’s not only our dressing that is influenced by the TV but also our eating habits because most people feel that what they see others eating on TV is healthy compared to what has not been aired on TV. The ladies are the most affected by these influences because when it comes to relationships they expect their men to be romantic like the stars they see in soap operas. This is wrong and offensive because the behaviors that are portrayed in the soaps are acted and does not reflect the lifestyle of the characters who imitate such personality traits.

Men on the other hand have not been left behind because they have been carried away by the events of football matches such that they are neglecting other important duties in their families in the name of love for the game.

What makes it offending to the ladies in their lives is that they never watch the matches in their houses because they like watching the games in the company of their fellow men and they hardly accommodate their women. Indeed women argue that it’s not advisable to talk something sensible to a man while he is watching a game on TV because you will mince your words in the end since his mind is fully carried away by the game.

The children have also been influenced by TV because majority of them don’t finish their homework. The TV has proved to be a dangerous tool when it is exposed to kids without a limit. Children imitate what they see adults doing on TV hence parents should be careful when they are exposing their children to TV.

This is because some of the channels air programs that have vulgar languages besides having exotic scenes that are almost pornographic material. That’s why children of these days are having sexual intercourse very early in their lives because they are influenced by what they watch. For parents who care about their children there is wide variety of channels that have programs that are suitable for children such as cartoon network which is a dedicated channel for children.

Furthermore, advertising has become a determining factor among consumers when they are choosing the product they want to purchase. Companies are spending millions of money in advertising their products and services such that those who feature in the commercials have transformed it into a lucrative business. Commercials can be very misleading because most of the times what people see on TV is not the truth about the commodity or the service in question. This is because they don’t tell the negative side of the product or service.

Some of the latest trends in various fields have been influenced by TV because people believe in TV so much that they don’t believe whatever they wear or eat is appropriate unless it has been seen on TV. In fact, in textile industry a fabric is not recognized unless it has been put on by a celebrity in a famous TV show. When it comes to fashion I think newer designs will always emerge from nowhere but what will never grow old is being smart.

We will write a custom Essay on TV Reality and People’s Lifestyle specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In someway the TV has been very effective tool in sensitizing people about important issues. This is why journalists have been pushing for the freedom of press because there are some things that the general public would not know if they were not aired on TV. I think politicians too have embraced TVs because of late they have been using them to sensitize people about their political ambitions.

Religion too has been integrated into TV because some of the most renowned preachers spread the gospel through TV. They are known as televangelists and some include T.D Jakes and Joel Osteen among many others. In ancient days missionaries had to travel beyond borders to spread the word of God but today they have their sermons aired to millions of people in all parts of the world courtesy of Pay TV. This kind of TV uses satellite technology to broadcast programs to many countries all over the world.

Some countries have come up with measures to make sure that the owners of TV channels are responsible for the consequences of the programs they air. For instance, in some countries it is against the law to air uncensored programs. In fact they have time specifications that dictate the time frames for such programs. The TV has been very efficient in terms of being informative because the news we watch update us about the happenings in other parts of the world.

This is one of the rules because there are some countries that were ruined by TV such as Rwanda where the national TV was used to spread ethnic hatred that led to the genocide in 1994 in which thousands of people were killed. Most countries have regulatory bodies that supervise the programs aired on TV.

In fact investors who are interested in establishing TV channels have to obtain licenses from the authorities. Therefore, it is important for people to make their own decisions as long as they are comfortable with those decisions without seeking the understandings that are induced by TV.

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The impact of media on society Cause and Effect Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Role of media in the society

Impact of media on society

Works Cited

Introduction Media is one of the world’s power and force that can not be undermined. Media has a remarkable control in almost every aspect of our lives; in politics, social and cultural or economic welfares. Perhaps the best analysis of the impact that media has played in the society is through first acknowledging its role in information flow and circulation.

It is would be unjust to overlook the importance of information to the society. Information is the significant to the society in the sense that, all that happens in the society must be channeled and communicated among the society’s habitats. Without media, the habitats or else the population will be left clueless on what is happening or what is ought to happen.

From another perspective, the society benefits from the media in a number of ways and as well it derives a lot of misfortunes from the society. However, regardless of the impact that is made by media on the society, the media remains to be one of the strongest forces that influence the pillars of the society. This essay paper highlights the impacts that media has continued to assert on the society either in a positive or in a negative manner.

Role of media in the society The most common role that media has played in the society has been; to inform people, to educate people and sometimes to offer leisure or entertainment. The role of media in the society is stretched back in the ancient traditions when, there were approaches on which media role in the society was perceived. Some of these approaches included a positive approach, critical approach, production approach, technological approach, information approach and finally a post colonial approach.

A positivist approach assumed that media’s role in the society was to achieve predetermined objectives of the society, usually from a beneficial perspective. The critical approach assumes that media is pertinent can be used in struggle for power and other issues in the society that were preceded by a spark of a new or old ideology.

The production approach is that media plays a greater role in society by providing a new experience of reality to the masses by providing an avenue of new perceptions and visions. The information approach assumes that the key role of media in the society is to provide information channels for the benefit of the society (Fourie178).

Impact of media on society With the above roles being achieved in one of the most remarkable means over centuries, media has some solid impacts that have been imprinted on the society. Some of these impacts and effects are to remain for ever as long as media existence will remain while others require control and monitoring due to their negative effects on the society. The best approach to look at this is by first describing the positive impacts that media has had on the society (Fourie 25).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The development of media and advancement of mass media is such positive impact that media has accomplished in recent times. It has been proven that mass communication has influenced social foundation and governments to means that only can be termed pro-social (Preiss 485). An example of such can be use of mass media in campaigns to eradicate HIV and AIDS in the society.

Mass communication through media avenues such as the internet, television and radio has seen great co-operation of government, government agencies, non-government organizations, private corporations and the public in what is seen as key society players in mutual efforts towards constructing better society. In this context, media has contributed to awareness, education of the society and better governance of the society.

Were it not for media, the worlds most historical moments would probably be forgotten today especially in the manner they reshape our contemporary society in matters regarding politics, economics and culture (Fourie 58).

However, media has had its shortcomings that have negative influence on the society. These negatives if not counterchecked or controlled will continue to ruin the values and morals of a society that once treasured morality and value of information.

These negative impacts include: media has contributed to immense exposure of violence and antisocial acts from media program that are aimed at entertaining the public. Media roles in the society have been reversed by merely assuming a role of society visibility thus controlling the society rather than being controlled by society.

Media has continued to use biased tactics to attract society attention and thus having a negative impact on the society’s culture due to stereotyping of other cultures. Media has continued to target vulnerable groups in the society such as children and youths be exposing them to pornographic materials that has sexual immorality consequence on the society’s young generations.

It is through such shortcomings that the cognitive behavior’s which shape the moral fiber of the society gets threatened by media (Berger 106). However, regardless of the impacts of the media on the society, the future of the media will evolve with time and its role in the society will unlikely fade.

We will write a custom Essay on The impact of media on society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Berger, Arthur. Media and society: a critical perspective. Maryland: Rowman

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Newspaper Reactions to Brown V. Board Of Education Research Paper essay help online free

Table of Contents Post Dispatch

Boston Herald

Similarities

Conclusion

References

The Brown v. Board of education case marked the end of racial segregation in American public schools. This ruling was made by the Supreme Court in May 17th 1954 and it is still celebrated to date (Rountree 2006, 144). However, various newspapers reacted to the Supreme Court’s ruling differently (by the time the case was decided in 1954).

Basically, newspapers from the North and the South had different reactions to the decision. From this basis, this study explores the different reactions by the Post Dispatch (from the South) and the Boston Herald (from the North). Comprehensively, we note that from an analysis of the different reactions; newspaper reactions to the Brown case were only a representation of the editors’ opinions and not the regions’.

Post Dispatch The Post dispatch is a Southern newspaper originating from St. Louis. Before the Brown V. Board of education ruling, the newspaper had always avoided racial discussions in its publications because the owners had the fear that it was going to cause more controversy than it should (Andrews 2010, 7).

In previous years, the Post dispatch received a lot of praise for its radicalism in advocating for the rights of the minority and therefore it did not come as a surprise that it openly supported the Brown V. Board of education Supreme Court ruling. This reaction is affirmed by Andrews (2010, 7) who notes that:

“Immediately following the first Brown ruling, the City of St. Louis, like many other cities in Border States, reacted calmly, ready to make short term acquiescence and claiming to be poised to make the necessary changes required to comply with the ruling of the Supreme Court”

Boston Herald In the Northern states, most newspapers also supported the Supreme Court ruling but certain newspapers were in opposition. In the Boston Herald for example, it was reported that equality was being redefined by the Supreme Court ruling and the decision was unfair and unjustified in a democratic state (Martin 1998, 199).

In other words, the newspaper editorial was written to imply that the decision was contrary to the norms practiced in America then; and in a deeper sense, it was a contravention of the way people thought, back in the day. This article was published in May 18th 1954.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Similarities Both the Post Dispatch and the Boston Herald however agreed on certain major issues regarding the case. For instance, it is important to note that both newspapers only differed in the manner the court’s decision was arrived at, and nothing more.

The Boston Herald and some other Newspapers from the North found fault with the ruling on the basis that the Supreme Court never relied on law but rather on psychological basis (Gitlin 2010, p. 46). However, the two newspapers agreed on the facts surrounding the case, in that, they both correctly presented the history of the case, the underpinning issues and other relevant factors that influenced the judges’ decision. The difference was therefore in the way they reacted to the ruling.

Conclusion Considering the North overwhelmingly supported the Brown ruling, it is correct to say that the Boston Herald and the Post Dispatch represented divergent views based on the editor’s and author’s thoughts alone. It is therefore incorrect to note that the difference in Newspaper reaction to the Brown V. Board of education case was a representation of the difference in opinion between the Southern states and other states.

References Andrews, Leigh. 2010. “Reactions to Brown V. Board of Education”. March 10. Web.

Gitlin, Marty. (2010). Brown V. the Board of Education. Washington: Cheryl Brown Henderson.

Martin, Waldo. 1998. Brown V. Board Of Education: A Brief History with Documents. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Rountree, Clarke. 2006. Brown versus Board Of Education at Fifty. New York: Lexington Books.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Newspaper Reactions to Brown V. Board Of Education specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

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Role of the American Constitution in America’s Political Process Analytical Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Table of Contents The Presidency

The Senate

The Supreme Court

Conclusion

Works Cited

The American constitution plays a big role in the way current and past political processes play out. This is often not the case in all developed nations, as can be evidenced in Britain where the constitution does not play a big role in the way the political landscape is shaped (Darlington 2).

The United States (US) constitution has been a very stable document, as can be evidenced in the past 200 years where only 17 amendments have been made (Darlington 2). For purposes of this study, it is important to understand the fact that the American constitution separates the power of the government into the executive, legislature and the judiciary. These organs of the state work in synchrony and each can check each other’s powers.

In analysing the power of the constitution when defining the American political landscape, this study will evaluate the role of the constitution in establishing checks and balances in government from an analysis of the senate, office of the president, and the Supreme Court.

Since 1786, when the American constitution was enacted, the constitution has been able to stipulate the functions of the above state organs and in turn, these state organs have over the years changed the political landscape of the country. This study will further explore this observation in detail.

The Presidency The president as stipulated in the American constitution has power over the executive, and in a wider sense, he/she is the Chief Executive Officer of the Country.

Though America’s founding fathers designed the constitution to avoid an imperialist presidency (which often resembles a monarchical system such as that exhibited in Britain), recent developments in world politics have greatly shifted the powers of the president in a huge way. The senate for example, has ceded a lot of its “checking” powers to the presidency; even though it was meant to be the least political organ of the state (Congress 14811).

Factoring in recent political trends in America (after the Second World War), it is clearly evident that there is a disconnect existing in the manner the constitution outlines the office of the president and the manner in which the presidency is informally handled today.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This trend has been identified by some researchers as symptoms of the ever-growing political, economic and social influence America has on the world stage (which gives immense powers to the American president) (Grant 76).

In a more general sense, the American president is arguably perceived as the custodian of the most powerful office on earth. This is the reason why the American presidency has been a highly contested political position which is often under scrutiny by the entire world. This observation can be traced to the power the American constitution gives the presidency.

As will be evidenced in subsequent sections of this study, the powerful nature of the presidency has often interfered with the working of other state bodies, such as the senate. In fact, many observers today note that the presidency has increasingly become imperialistic in nature. Such sentiments are held by Darlington who notes that:

“The balance of power between the Congress and the President has shifted significantly in favour of the President. This is evident in the domestic sphere through practices like ‘impoundment’ (when money is taken from the purpose intended by Congress and allocated to another purpose favoured by the President) and in the international sphere through refusal to invoke the War Powers Resolution in spite of major military invasions. Different terms for this accretion of power by the Presidency are “the unitary executive” and “the imperial presidency” (p. 39).

The Senate Despite the fact that the American constitution gives immense powers to the office of the president, it is still important to note that the same constitution still gives a lot of power to the senate. Currently, it is arguably one of the most powerful upper-house in any legislative body in the world (Darlington 32).

Considering the immense powers of the senate, American politics has been keenly designed to consider who sits at the senate because important policies of the country are normally determined through the intervention of the senate. For example, budgetary allocation and government spending are approved by the senate and therefore, American politics has been tailored to consider this exception (Bardes 457).

This is the reason why successive presidents have endeavoured to have a strong influence on the senate. For example, in the past Bush administration, the president had to seek the consent of the senate to send American troops to Iraq.

We will write a custom Essay on Role of the American Constitution in America’s Political Process specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is therefore clear that despite the fact that the constitution makes the president the chief executive officer of the country, and indeed the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, the presidency has to still get the approval of the senate in carrying out important decisions affecting the country. This comes out of the regulative role that the constitution gives the senate in checking the executive as its most important function.

The Supreme Court The American constitution recognizes the American Supreme Court as the highest court of the land. It also gives it immense powers over other organs of the state (but more so, the executive) (Watts 283). Among the function of the Supreme Court (as outlined by the American constitution) include the role of arbitration (in cases involving states), interpreting the constitution, and other similar roles (Luedtke 480).

However, it is important to note that America’s Supreme Court has a very political nature when compared to other Supreme Courts in other nations. For instance, the scope of abortion in America is often determined by the Supreme Court, but the scope of such a matter in other countries would be determined by the legislature (Darlington 32).

The political nature of the Supreme Court can be attributed to the powers the constitution gives the state body. In comprehending the political nature of the Supreme Court, it is important to understand that the president often nominates members who sit in the Supreme Court and each of these names is supposed to be approved by the senate.

From this point of view, it is equally easy to understand why the president often has immense concern over who sits at the senate, because if Supreme Court appointees are nominated by his/her office, they cannot be approved by the senate if members sitting in it are against him (Steven 2). This scenario therefore becomes a political issue as opposed to a matter of credibility.

The power the American constitution vests on the Supreme Court therefore illustrates the political nature of the court because the state organ has the power to even nullify executive decisions made by the office of the president. Moreover, it can amend the constitution in easier ways than those evidenced in formal amendment processes (Luedtke 480).

These are some of the reasons, why subsequent presidents have always wanted to have their appointees sitting in the Supreme Court, because in such a manner, they can have control of the state organ.

Conclusion This study identifies the fact that the American constitution significantly defines the way American politics plays out today. Its articulation of the powers of the president, the senate and the Supreme Court practically explains why appointments in such offices are highly contested and virtually, very political in nature. These powers define the extreme political nature of the American governance system.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Role of the American Constitution in America’s Political Process by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Bardes, Barbara. American Government and Politics Today. London: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.

Congress. Congressional Record, Volumes 109-122; Volumes 1963-1966. Washington: Government Printing Office, 2010.

Darlington, Roger. A Short Guide to the American Political System. 2010. Web.

Grant, Alan. The American Political Process. New York: Routledge, 2004. Print.

Luedtke, Luther. Making America: The Society

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Fear and intolerance of aging – “Love in the time of cholera” by Gabriel Marquez Essay essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Intolerance and fear of aging

Conclusion

Work Cited

Introduction The passage that has been chosen can be found on page 31 of the novel between line 14 and 33. This passage was chosen because it carries with it one of the most dominant themes of the narrative which is the fear and intolerance of aging. The passage sets the pace for other parts of the novel which subsequently delve into this notion.

Intolerance and fear of aging Urbino eventually realizes and asserts that “death is not a probability but an immediate reality” (Marquez, 5). He is reminiscent about the life he had lived back as an influential person in his society. His life was filled with numerous accomplishments such as travels to distant countries around the world and other great adventures.

He contrasted this to the life that he was living as an old man. At this point, his wife had to bathe him and even dress him up afterwards. He found it difficult to do even the simplest of tasks (Marquez, 31). He even comments that he feels as though he has partly decayed and is just staying alive because of the sake of it (Marquez, 41).

Dr. Urbino’s realization that death is a reality starts when he finds the body of a close friend and associate – Jeremiah Saint Amour. The first chapter describes Dr Urbino’s analysis of his dead friend; one realizes that Urbino would have loathed to be in his colleague’s shoes.

He comments that the worst is over for Amour as his physical appearance was rather pitiful. The Doctor felt that way because his friend appeared to be very old. Not only was this something that was unappealing to Urbino but it symbolized an underlying fear that he would one day end up like that. Also, the death of Amour is indicative of a deep fear of death. The doctor remarked that his friend was so afraid of aging that he preferred to take his life rather than confront the matter in his later life.

This passage sets the stage for other occurrences in the novel because it illustrates that the Urbino’s life and behavior was hugely affected by this intolerance. First of all, the manner of dressing that he selects for himself is indicative of this. He tries to wear meticulous garments so as to disguise his real age. His hair and the nature of accessories also show how the doctor is trying to resist nature’s process of aging.

It is quite interesting to note that he is willing to go to great lengths in order to overcome these inadequacies such as writing notes to himself in order to minimize the effects of his memory losses. Instead of accepting his age gracefully, Urbino chooses to use superficial methods in order to resist it yet this makes him more pitiable as readers can see the desperation hidden in these acts.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Aging and its intolerance as a theme has been illustrated through a number of descriptions given by the author as indicated in the passage and beyond. He talks about numerous characters that die or lose their grace and functionality because of age. For example, in the riverboat incident, it is discovered that the riverboat belongs to the elderly.

It is quite shocking that these people are subjected to beatings and even death because they were bold enough to pursue their love for each other despite their old age. The captain further goes on to cover up this cruel act by proclaiming that the old couple had died as a result of drowning.

For instance, one of the characters loses his teeth while another one becomes senile. Many are ashamed by how disgraceful their bodies look after growing old. In terms of the main characters, Urbino is not the only one who detests old age as Fermina Daza (his wife) and Florentino Ariza also do.

When they finally get a chance to be together during old age, Fermina is very reserved about revealing her body to her lover Florentino. She requests him to look away as she removes her clothes and even when he looks at her, he appears not to be very pleased by what he sees. She even insists on turning off the lights. This is indicative of the intolerance that they both possess for old age.

They realize that time has caught up with them and they can no longer boast of the taut bodies that they had. However, the latter two were able to overcome this intolerance when they consummate their love in the end. They embrace the fact that time has made them wiser and therefore better able to love. Therefore, love has an ability to overcome the inadequacies of aging and this initially negates earlier perceptions from the novel.

The author also illustrates that possessing so much disdain for old age is wrong because the elderly can find peace. Ofelia comments that she cannot stand the thought of love at her age and feels disgusted at the thought that her mother would also consider it. “Love is ridiculous at our age, but at theirs it is revolting” (Marquez 323.)

One can see that this society despises lifestyles of the old and is even repelled by it. Eventually, it becomes clear that not only is it possible to achieve this kind of true love but it is possible to thrive in it. The author was therefore illustrating that the perception of characters such as Ofelia are misleading and even shallow. Here, Fermina disowns this individual and looks for other ways of dealing with the revulsion. She forges a friendship with her daughter in law and even comments about her life and love.

We will write a custom Essay on Fear and intolerance of aging – “Love in the time of cholera” by Gabriel Marquez specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More She asserts that her life with Florentino was ruined because she was too young and naïve. However, now that she is old, her chance at love is also ruined because of her age (Marquez, 323). The author also illustrated this when death and decay overtook the characters later in the narrative.

The author also discusses the effects of aging through other non human aspects of the novel such as the landscape of the Colombian village in which this narrative is set.

“What was once idyllic landscape, now is calcinated flatlands stripped of entire forests” (Franco 236.)

At first, prior to technological changes, the village was described as very picturesque full of forest cover and natural vegetation. However, after the enormous changes that take part in the novel, this entire area becomes stripped of its natural beauty and instead becomes a centre for human activity. Therefore the passage of time or the aging of the Colombian village were also not a desirable trait to those concerned.

It is also very clear to see that a number of characters would go through great lengths in order to minimize the effects of aging. One such case was Florentino. As he was climbing up the stairs in one of the sections of the novel, he made sure that he did this carefully so as to avoid any fall. (Marquez, 313)

He often believed that old age was marked by one’s first or immediate fall. This fear was so real in Florentino that it eventually became a reality to him. When he fell, he was bedridden and had to succumb to the assistance of others. For instance, at some point, he could not bathe himself and was bathed by Cassiani.

“After bathing him, Fermina Daza helped him to …. talcum powder between his legs, she smoothed cocoa butter on his rashes, she helped him put on his undershorts with as much love as if they had been a diaper” (Marquez 31.)

It was even more shameful for him when someone else had to hold the urinal for him as he helped himself (Marquez, 316). The author was illustrating that one’s fears may eventually take control over one’s existence and trying to resist a natural thing like aging was indeed a fruitless affair.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Fear and intolerance of aging – “Love in the time of cholera” by Gabriel Marquez by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This theme is not just insightful in revealing certain facts about the setting of the novel but it also important in teaching members of the audience lessons about age and its tolerance.

Societies today still have a disdain for the elderly but through this theme (and starting with the passage under analysis), the author has illustrated that there is hope for the elderly and they have a chance at life if they so wish. He has shown that once love is combined with aging then everything will be alright. Dr. Urbino was loved diligently by his wife until the very end.

She was willing to do seemingly humiliating things for her husband because she loved him tremendously (Marquez, 43). The two lovers Fermina and Florentino illustrate to society that old people are still passionate and still have an ability to deal with certain issues associated with their age and their development.

In this narrative, it has also been shown that sometimes the intolerance of aging can come in the way of people who truly want to achieve ultimate happiness. In other words, there is a need for those concerned to look for ways of overcoming these obstacles. For example, Fermina and Florentino wanted to be together but they were already aware of how repulsing their love would be to the public.

In order to protect themselves, they placed a yellow flag on their vessel so that other people would think that they had cholera and needed to be quarantined away from them. They needed to overcome this barrier in order to move on with their lives without having to worry about other people’s opinions. The more they got older, the stronger their love became even in the face of this adversity (Marquez, 345)

Conclusion Most of the characters in the novel are deeply repelled by aging and they illustrate this through their sentiments towards their own bodies as they grow old or through their feelings about old people in the novel. However, the book shows that intolerance for aging can be overcome by simply understanding that love can cope with everything and it transcends such scenarios.

Work Cited Marquez, Gabriel. Love in the time of cholera. NY: Alfred Knopf

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Fear and intolerance of aging – “Love in the time of cholera” by Gabriel Marquez Essay essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Intolerance and fear of aging

Conclusion

Work Cited

Introduction The passage that has been chosen can be found on page 31 of the novel between line 14 and 33. This passage was chosen because it carries with it one of the most dominant themes of the narrative which is the fear and intolerance of aging. The passage sets the pace for other parts of the novel which subsequently delve into this notion.

Intolerance and fear of aging Urbino eventually realizes and asserts that “death is not a probability but an immediate reality” (Marquez, 5). He is reminiscent about the life he had lived back as an influential person in his society. His life was filled with numerous accomplishments such as travels to distant countries around the world and other great adventures.

He contrasted this to the life that he was living as an old man. At this point, his wife had to bathe him and even dress him up afterwards. He found it difficult to do even the simplest of tasks (Marquez, 31). He even comments that he feels as though he has partly decayed and is just staying alive because of the sake of it (Marquez, 41).

Dr. Urbino’s realization that death is a reality starts when he finds the body of a close friend and associate – Jeremiah Saint Amour. The first chapter describes Dr Urbino’s analysis of his dead friend; one realizes that Urbino would have loathed to be in his colleague’s shoes.

He comments that the worst is over for Amour as his physical appearance was rather pitiful. The Doctor felt that way because his friend appeared to be very old. Not only was this something that was unappealing to Urbino but it symbolized an underlying fear that he would one day end up like that. Also, the death of Amour is indicative of a deep fear of death. The doctor remarked that his friend was so afraid of aging that he preferred to take his life rather than confront the matter in his later life.

This passage sets the stage for other occurrences in the novel because it illustrates that the Urbino’s life and behavior was hugely affected by this intolerance. First of all, the manner of dressing that he selects for himself is indicative of this. He tries to wear meticulous garments so as to disguise his real age. His hair and the nature of accessories also show how the doctor is trying to resist nature’s process of aging.

It is quite interesting to note that he is willing to go to great lengths in order to overcome these inadequacies such as writing notes to himself in order to minimize the effects of his memory losses. Instead of accepting his age gracefully, Urbino chooses to use superficial methods in order to resist it yet this makes him more pitiable as readers can see the desperation hidden in these acts.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Aging and its intolerance as a theme has been illustrated through a number of descriptions given by the author as indicated in the passage and beyond. He talks about numerous characters that die or lose their grace and functionality because of age. For example, in the riverboat incident, it is discovered that the riverboat belongs to the elderly.

It is quite shocking that these people are subjected to beatings and even death because they were bold enough to pursue their love for each other despite their old age. The captain further goes on to cover up this cruel act by proclaiming that the old couple had died as a result of drowning.

For instance, one of the characters loses his teeth while another one becomes senile. Many are ashamed by how disgraceful their bodies look after growing old. In terms of the main characters, Urbino is not the only one who detests old age as Fermina Daza (his wife) and Florentino Ariza also do.

When they finally get a chance to be together during old age, Fermina is very reserved about revealing her body to her lover Florentino. She requests him to look away as she removes her clothes and even when he looks at her, he appears not to be very pleased by what he sees. She even insists on turning off the lights. This is indicative of the intolerance that they both possess for old age.

They realize that time has caught up with them and they can no longer boast of the taut bodies that they had. However, the latter two were able to overcome this intolerance when they consummate their love in the end. They embrace the fact that time has made them wiser and therefore better able to love. Therefore, love has an ability to overcome the inadequacies of aging and this initially negates earlier perceptions from the novel.

The author also illustrates that possessing so much disdain for old age is wrong because the elderly can find peace. Ofelia comments that she cannot stand the thought of love at her age and feels disgusted at the thought that her mother would also consider it. “Love is ridiculous at our age, but at theirs it is revolting” (Marquez 323.)

One can see that this society despises lifestyles of the old and is even repelled by it. Eventually, it becomes clear that not only is it possible to achieve this kind of true love but it is possible to thrive in it. The author was therefore illustrating that the perception of characters such as Ofelia are misleading and even shallow. Here, Fermina disowns this individual and looks for other ways of dealing with the revulsion. She forges a friendship with her daughter in law and even comments about her life and love.

We will write a custom Essay on Fear and intolerance of aging – “Love in the time of cholera” by Gabriel Marquez specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More She asserts that her life with Florentino was ruined because she was too young and naïve. However, now that she is old, her chance at love is also ruined because of her age (Marquez, 323). The author also illustrated this when death and decay overtook the characters later in the narrative.

The author also discusses the effects of aging through other non human aspects of the novel such as the landscape of the Colombian village in which this narrative is set.

“What was once idyllic landscape, now is calcinated flatlands stripped of entire forests” (Franco 236.)

At first, prior to technological changes, the village was described as very picturesque full of forest cover and natural vegetation. However, after the enormous changes that take part in the novel, this entire area becomes stripped of its natural beauty and instead becomes a centre for human activity. Therefore the passage of time or the aging of the Colombian village were also not a desirable trait to those concerned.

It is also very clear to see that a number of characters would go through great lengths in order to minimize the effects of aging. One such case was Florentino. As he was climbing up the stairs in one of the sections of the novel, he made sure that he did this carefully so as to avoid any fall. (Marquez, 313)

He often believed that old age was marked by one’s first or immediate fall. This fear was so real in Florentino that it eventually became a reality to him. When he fell, he was bedridden and had to succumb to the assistance of others. For instance, at some point, he could not bathe himself and was bathed by Cassiani.

“After bathing him, Fermina Daza helped him to …. talcum powder between his legs, she smoothed cocoa butter on his rashes, she helped him put on his undershorts with as much love as if they had been a diaper” (Marquez 31.)

It was even more shameful for him when someone else had to hold the urinal for him as he helped himself (Marquez, 316). The author was illustrating that one’s fears may eventually take control over one’s existence and trying to resist a natural thing like aging was indeed a fruitless affair.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Fear and intolerance of aging – “Love in the time of cholera” by Gabriel Marquez by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This theme is not just insightful in revealing certain facts about the setting of the novel but it also important in teaching members of the audience lessons about age and its tolerance.

Societies today still have a disdain for the elderly but through this theme (and starting with the passage under analysis), the author has illustrated that there is hope for the elderly and they have a chance at life if they so wish. He has shown that once love is combined with aging then everything will be alright. Dr. Urbino was loved diligently by his wife until the very end.

She was willing to do seemingly humiliating things for her husband because she loved him tremendously (Marquez, 43). The two lovers Fermina and Florentino illustrate to society that old people are still passionate and still have an ability to deal with certain issues associated with their age and their development.

In this narrative, it has also been shown that sometimes the intolerance of aging can come in the way of people who truly want to achieve ultimate happiness. In other words, there is a need for those concerned to look for ways of overcoming these obstacles. For example, Fermina and Florentino wanted to be together but they were already aware of how repulsing their love would be to the public.

In order to protect themselves, they placed a yellow flag on their vessel so that other people would think that they had cholera and needed to be quarantined away from them. They needed to overcome this barrier in order to move on with their lives without having to worry about other people’s opinions. The more they got older, the stronger their love became even in the face of this adversity (Marquez, 345)

Conclusion Most of the characters in the novel are deeply repelled by aging and they illustrate this through their sentiments towards their own bodies as they grow old or through their feelings about old people in the novel. However, the book shows that intolerance for aging can be overcome by simply understanding that love can cope with everything and it transcends such scenarios.

Work Cited Marquez, Gabriel. Love in the time of cholera. NY: Alfred Knopf

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Raymond Carver’s“What We Talk About When We Talk About Love” Analytical Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Introduction Raymond Carver is the writer who uses minimalism in his writing style to set up the tone of the story from the very beginning. “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love” by Carver explores the subject of love. Love is a word that one hears in everyday life. Talking about love, people mean different things. People talk about loving their parents, cars, pets, movies, books, ice cream, children, spouses, and so forth. However, love is different in each instance, and the concept of love puzzles many people. In contemporary pop culture, the word love has been overused, and it is not easy to tell what the word actually means. Love means different things to different people. The essay shall examine major themes and main characters of the story and their attitude to love and relationships.

“What We Talk About When We Talk About Love”: Analysis of Types of Love Physical love

Nick and Laura are a couple who got married recently. They met in the course of their professional duties and have been married for eighteen months. The kind of love they exhibit is physical. It is the kind newly married couples express to each other, and it seems that this is a remarkable period in their love life.

They behave very affectionately towards each other “I touched the back of Laura’s hand. She gave me a quick smile. I picked up Laura’s hand. It was warm, the nails polished, perfectly manicured. I encircled the broad wrist with my fingers, and I held her” (Carver 390).

In return, Laura bumps her husband’s knee with hers to urge him to speak. On the contrary, they seem to have a hollow relationship, which Mel describes as virtual perfection. For instance, Nick, who is the narrator of the story, says that they enjoy each other’s company, and Laura is a woman with which it is easy to be close. The couple is friends and lovers, and this would be an ideal situation for any couple. However, there is a sad ring to it because everything that comes easy goes easy. The physical attraction and love talks are bound to end at some point in their relationship, then what?

Spiritual love

The main emphasis in “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love” analysis essay is on the old couple. The old couple, as Mel describes, has a kind of spiritual love. The old man is very disappointed because he is unable to see his wife due to the bandages on his face. The couple contrasts the couples in the kitchen who do not seem to have such kind of love that goes way beyond the physical. The type of love the old couple has looks like it will last until death, unlike for the couples sipping their gin who view it as something that can be disposed of when no longer convenient.

Transitory love

There is the myth of eternal love. In many romance movies and novels, couples fall in love and live happily forever. However, the reality of contemporary love is far from the concept of eternal love. People keep moving from one marriage to another. Each time they marry someone, they claim they are in love.

The couples in the story are in their second marriages after the failure of their first ones. As is clear from Raymond Carver’s “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love” analysis, each person claims to have loved his or her former spouse. For example, Mel says he once loved his first wife, Marjorie, maybe even more than his own life but now hates her and wishes she would die. He also says that if one of them was to die, he was sure the other would remarry after mourning for a while. One then wonders what love is if you love somebody today, and tomorrow you loathe them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Brutal love

Terri was married to Ed, a barterer. He abused her physically and threatened to kill her for staying with Mel. Yet she claims that he loved her. According to her, the abuse Ed unleashed on her was a sign of love, but her current husband disagrees and says that kind of love does not exist because love does not try to kill.

Ed seems to be dependent on Terri and feels very vulnerable when she is away, hence he attempted suicide. The kind of love they had was unhealthy. When a person becomes too dependent on another and very possessive, the results can be disastrous, and today, many homicides have been committed in the name of love. So what can we call the love that kills?

Conclusion The two couples’ attempts to talk about love end up in circles because they do not come to a consensus on what real love is. The ending of the story gives no clear answer to the question about what love is. Each person has a different definition of love, and this applies today. For instance, some people endure domestic violence because they believe the bartering occurs due to love.

In addition, many couples are in search of real love, but it remains elusive as that of the couples who take gin that gives them a false sense of love. In the end, they are left hungering for something more profound than they have as they realize that the gin only gives them an illusion of love.

Work Cited Carver, Raymond. What we talk about when we talk about love. New York: Harvill Press, 1996.

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The US Government Division: Legislative, Judicial and Executive Power Research Paper essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

Reasons for Government Division

How the Three Branches Benefit

Obstacles the Division of Power

Federal against States Government

Conclusion

References

Introduction The US Constitution is an integration of initiatives emanating from diverse sources. Thus, it is the synergistic endeavor from indigenous persons, and settlers, who were intolerant towards afflictions, but accommodative towards principles that were mutually binding. The Constitution is a superlative US decree since it offers the basis for administration.

It is crucial to note that Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson constitute three grand minds that drew the agreement (Leebrick, 2002). Consequently, Gouverneur Morris set the entire convention’s declarations and verdicts into final form. Nevertheless, it was the cooperative effort of delegates from the thirteen protectorates that enhanced success. The designers separated the government into legislative, judicial, as well as executive, which is the presidential wing.

Reasons for Government Division The ancestors ensured harmony within the administration by creating three arms of the government, legislative, judicial, and executive. The chief reason was to ensure regulations, since the diverse branches have the power to check one another.

Ideally, each branch has specified quantity of checks it can use to tame other branches from overstepping. For instance, the president can veto legislation; on the other hand, the Supreme Court may pronounce acts congress unconstitutional. Moreover, the senate must approve treaties, as well as presidential selections. This ensures equilibrium in management of the country affairs, where none is on the top, but operating on the same plane (Patterson, 2008).

Even though, autonomous governments were present, the ancestors wanted a unique government from others. This prompted them to use the proposal of constitutionalism and federalism, which allows states to administer themselves; however, the nationwide government, has the power to rule both states and national divisions.

Another reason that led to the division of the government was to restore the liberties of the people. This prompted them to use the values articulated by the philosophers like Hobbes and Locke. Some of their philosophical ideas outlines that citizens should give up some privileges or ideologies to guarantee fortification of a solitary leader of a state. Locke added that the idea warrants every person his/her absolute rights.

Furthermore, governing people grant them societal contracts thus safeguarding their total civil liberties. The ancestors thus deemed that structuring a government found on the division of authorities, as well as checks and balances, was the only way of ensuring civil liberty. They then separated the government into trio, legislative, presidential, and judicial to thwart a solitary authority from taking the ruling.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Magna Carta and Mayflower Compact form another basis for the division of the government. The Magna is an ancient charter outlining that it is impractical for the king to execute beyond the law. It further empowers the populace to petition to such rules if they go beyond the law. Then again, the Mayflower Compact became the primary, overriding manuscript of the Plymouth protectorate that granted settlers the liberties to self govern (Schmidt et al, 2008). All these inspired the ancestors to subdivide the government.

How the Three Branches Benefit It is certain that the three branches benefit from the division of administration. This division guarantees that each stem operates within its boundaries, thus limiting confusion and clash for power.

It thus offers a clear interface among the branches. Article I of the Constitution grants lawmaking supremacy to the legislative branch, which encompasses the two houses of congress. Article II sanctions the head to assent the congressional acts that he endorses and veto the rest, thus permitting the executive wing to manipulate the general policy, as well as building it.

On the other hand, article III allots federal judicial muscle to the US Supreme Court and other lesser central courts that Congress may institute (LII, n d). It is imperative to affirm that the fore fathers created the three branches to ensure separation of powers, as well as smooth running of federal affairs. Three divisions ensure that no single branch has the entire authority. Each branch has its own purpose. These include formulating the law, implementing the laws, and deducing the laws, hence clear line of duties.

Obstacles the Division of Power Even though, the system has a lot of success, it presents some obstacles, especially during enactment of crucial legislations. This leads to the point of interaction where all the stems possess equivalent powers. The legislative wing that has powers to draft laws may receive an opposing view from the two divisions. The judicial wing may interpret the bylaws and further proclaim them unconstitutional. Furthermore, the head can also interpret and consequently veto such laws if found unauthorized.

Federal against States Government Initially, the nationwide administration did not have resources, as opposed to the states thus prompting the predecessors to form federalism (Leebrick, 2002). Proponents of states dreaded that the sturdy general government would jostle states. However, the proposers of the federalism also realized that some acts outlined that the constitution was developed for the states but not for the people, which led to controversy. This led to bestowing local authorities to the states and nationwide powers to the countrywide government.

State- centered proponents also believed that a federal administration would not dish up their interest, as well as snooping with their interior affairs. Nowadays, the conflict is no longer prevalent, and states work collaboratively with the federal. The wellbeing plan, Great Society Program, portrays that the national administration has immense authorities over regulations. Still, devolution is operational where the federal administration trickles down its authorities to the states (Patterson, 2008).

We will write a custom Research Paper on The US Government Division: Legislative, Judicial and Executive Power specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion These wise men wrote the constitution to distinguish America from the European nations. They, in deed, tried to fix most of the legal problems, though some provisions need lucidity. Nevertheless, the creation of there branches of the government inculcated inspiration and success of United States.

References Leebrick, K. (2002). The United States Constitution. Minnesota, MN: Capstone Press.

Legal Information Center (LII). (n.d). United States Constitution. Retrieved from: https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution.

Patterson, T. E. (2008). The American Democracy, 9th ed. New York, NY: Harvard University Press

Schmidt, S. Shelley, M.

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Fire and Rescue Service Management Report college application essay help: college application essay help

Abstract One of the visions of the UK government is to ensure quality health as well as safety to its citizens. Over time, the government has always put in place measures that ensure health security to its citizens and continuously reviews them to ensure consistency with their purposes. This document discusses the application of the IPDS in the Fire and Rescue Service in the UK. It analyses its validity and benefits in ensuring efficiency and effectiveness in service delivery and management of the fire and rescue service providers.

The document also discusses HSG 65 as an alternative quality assurance system that could be used to substitute the IPDS. It describes the possible advantages that the approach could bring to Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service and how it could be applied in the company. The document sets out issues that need to be addressed to ensure improvements in the fire and rescue service programmes.

Introduction In the UK, particularly in England, several government and governmental agencies monitor the local services provided by the government. The Fire and Rescue Service for example, is monitored by the Audit Commission, the Department of Communities, and the Department of Local Government among others.

The Comprehensive Area Assessment was implemented to bring the work of all these watchdogs together. However, the new government feels that the Comprehensive Area Assessment causes confusion and therefore made an announcement in May 2010 that there are plans to shift to a new quality assurance system to guide the Fire and Rescue Service (Audit Commission 2).

According to the Department of Communities and Local Government (8) the government is committed to improving efficiency in delivery of public services and therefore continues to introduce fresh approaches. The Fire and Rescue Service needs to be more flexible in addressing future challenges associated with fire emergencies and implementation of fire control. The Fire and Rescue Authorities have to meet the requirements of national resilience through co-ordination and integration of service delivery.

They have to give priority to equality and diversity in their service delivery and have to invent and adopt more efficient ways of prevention, protection as well as response in ensuring safer communities as outlined in the Fire and Rescue Service National Framework by applying the Standards defined in the Regulatory Reform Order of 2005 and the Fire and Rescue Services Act of 2004.

The National Framework also requires efficient and effective governance as well as continuous improvements in the Fire and Rescue Service (Department of Communities and Local Government 10).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the Department of Communities and Local Government (7) the Fire and Rescue Service has had several achievements since the integration of Integrated Risk Management Planning (IRMP) with local risk assessment in 2003. It has become more professional, flexible and efficient in its service delivery over the last few years, an indication that the Comprehensive Area Assessment has able to achieve its objectives.

Methodology The document takes a qualitative analysis of the quality assurance system that has been applied by Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service. It uses secondary resources mainly printed materials, to propose the best quality assurance system that could substitute the current approach applied by the organization.

Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service (MFRS) Merseyside County Fire Brigade was formed in 1974 by the Local Government Act of 1972 and since then has undergone significant changes to better meet the needs of the community as regards to fire and rescue services. Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service provides various services to Merseyside and its environs.

The services include fire extinguishing, arson prevention, providing fire safety advice to homes and installing fire alarms in homes and buildings, providing emergency services in road accidents, rescuing victims of incidences, providing nutritional education to communities and providing internet communication services to the public among others. MFRS was the first Fire and Rescue Service to achieve a Beacon Authority in recognition of its services to older people.

MFRS is committed to achieving its objectives through empowering its workforce, engaging communities in its fire safety programmes, improving its technologies and the quality of its equipment as well as through efficient and effective management (Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service (c) 2-53).

Among the unique services provided by the MFRS is the Business Continuity Management which allows the Merseyside Fire and Rescue Authority to operate in case of a major business interruption. MFRS defines a major business interruption as a business interruption that may affect service areas of several sites or the whole site.

It enables the directors to adopt specific Business Continuity plan in order to meet its obligations as stipulated by the Civil Contingencies Act of 2004. The Business Continuity Management provides an operational framework which can be used to ensure positive resilience to disruption, loss as well as interruption to its service delivery. This enables MFRS to continue supplying its services even if risks occur (Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service (a) 1).

We will write a custom Report on Fire and Rescue Service Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Integrated Personal Development System (IPDS) Over the past recent years, Merseyside Fire and Rescue Authority has applied the Integrated Personal Development System (IPDS) which was introduced by the government in 2004. The system was approved by the government to achieve national standards in training and development of staff in the Fire and Rescue Service.

The government believes that IPDS is the solution to the required reforms in the workforce management of the Fire and Rescue Service. It is meant to guide recruitment, training, progression as well as in-service development throughout an individual’s stay in the organization. The approach was also welcomed by the Local Government Association.

The quality assurance system is based on the national standards as well as the National Framework principles concerning the skills and competencies required in the Fire and Rescue Service providers (Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service (b) 3-4). In Merseyside Fire

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Waterproof Sunscreen Lotions Report a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Summary Description

Explanation

Comment

Evaluation

Conclusion

Work Cited

Introduction Vitamin D is one of the vital diet requirements which is absorbed through the skin and prevents the formation of rickets among human beings. Therefore, exposure to the sun is always very healthy. However, lately people have discovered that due to the depletion of the Ozone layer (due to addition of greenhouse gases), human beings are now exposed to harmful ultraviolet rays known to cause sun burns, premature wrinkling of the skin and also the dreadful skin cancer.

To prevent the skin cancer and other side effects, there have been campaigns of using waterproof sunscreen lotions such as the Sunblock which is a product that provides a coating on the skin which prevents sun burns and sun damages (Cooper 121).

To prevent early exposure of their children to the harmful Ultraviolet rays, parents have been applying sunscreen lotions to their bodies but despite the good functions that these lotions serve at protecting people skins, if used carelessly it can lead to disaster. For example if a waterproof sunscreen lotion enters into a child or anyone eyes, it is hard to remove them using water since they are water proof and if there is reluctance in contacting the doctors, it can cause permanent blindness.

Summary Description Waterproof sunscreen lotions are good at protecting your child against skin cancer which can be caused by the exposure to the sunlight, but while many people use the lotions in their day to day life, it is important to note that there are negative repercussions if the lotions are not used well. As shown in the case of the parent who applied a waterproof sunscreen lotion on his son and without knowing the son got some into his eyes before it had dried, most likely from his hands.

The sunscreen lotion caused irritation and the child cried since it was hurting but the use of water to help ease the irritation could not work since the lotion was waterproof. When he called the Poison Control Centre and explained what had happened, they told him to take the child to Emergency Room where on arrival without wasting time, they applied some chemicals in the boy’s eyes to dilute and remove the waterproof sunscreen.

For the first time, the parent realized that people do lose their eyes from the effects of waterproof sunscreen as it burns the eyes completely and although his son lost his eyesight for two days, at least he was lucky to recover fully.

The parents later called the sunscreen company and informed them about the problem, where the management admitted the problem but they said skin cancer was more serious than blindness thus the continued ignorance. They also argued out that they can’t warn the parents because their products would lose market due to fear. The parent then suggested that they should thus change the ingredients used in making the lotion.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To show the seriousness of this matter, the parents did a huge article warning other parents of the danger their kids were exposed to when using the waterproof sunscreen lotions but knowing that waterproof sunscreen use could not stop, they warned them not to stop using it but just be careful that their kids don’t touch their eyes at least for 15 minutes after applying and if done accidentally they should always contact Emergency Rooms at once.

Explanation The article is trying to warn other parents who apply lotions to their children of the impending disaster they expose their children to if not applied well or if the sunscreen lotion got into the child’s eyes.

This is clearly given by the situation the writer found himself in when his son touched his eyes with the waterproof sunscreen. Even after trying to apply water in the boy’s eyes nothing seemed to work and he had to contact the Poisons Control Centre who directed him to visit the Emergency Room immediately as his son could be in danger of loosing eyesight.

To make sure that every parent got this information, the parents did a huge article on the matter in the city, and then visited several newsrooms warning the parents of the risks involved though informing them not to stop using the lotion but use it carefully.

Comment With the parents having been warned, there is likelihood of reduced use of the waterproof sunscreen lotion. Parents might shift to using sunscreen lotions which are not water proof as water can help in diluting the chemicals before reaching the hospitals for proper medication and thus reducing the adverse effects.

The parents are also likely to be more careful in the roles they play on their children upkeep because if not careful, poor storage of certain substances such as the waterproof sunscreen can lead to grave dangers to the children who might use them carelessly without knowing.

Evaluation The text is persuasive due to the fact that the author of the article states that to show the seriousness of the matter, he contacted the sunscreen company and enquired why they produced substances which they knew were dangerous if carelessly used without warning the users.

We will write a custom Report on Waterproof Sunscreen Lotions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The parents went further and did a huge article in the city warning against the same, and finally visited newsrooms warning the parents of the risks involved. However, this persuasiveness is lost when he informs the parent not to stop using the sunscreen they be just careful that it never find its way in their children eyes.

Conclusion It is healthy and important to use waterproof sunscreen for protection against cancer which results from sun exposure but it is also advisable to use water proof sunscreen carefully as its contact with sensitive body organs, such as, the eyes can lead to cases of blindness if not attended on time.

Work Cited Cooper, Donald. Fundamentals of Search and Rescue. New York: Jones

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High School Sports Argumentative Essay essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction There are many benefits associated with high-school sports. This essay will discuss these benefits.

Almost every parent will want to see his or her child participate in at least a sport, to ensure that this happens, they start encouraging them to play early on in life.

This is where kids start participating in sports at young ages. This means that, by the time kids are of the age of going to school going, they will have already known and decided on which game to play. When kids join their school mates in teams, team spirit is fostered in them, and they grow with it into their adulthood. Team sports teach athletes to focus on the same goal, which is winning.

This virtue is fostered from a very tender age by their parents, teachers and their coaches. This helps athletes to grow with creative, social and physical skills that help them in their adult lives. Sports also teach athletes to be good sports persons who appreciate winning and losing as part of the game.

People face competition in many spheres of life, in academics, sports, and when applying for jobs in their adulthood. Early participation in competitive sports is a good opportunity, for kids, to understand that it is good to compete in a healthy environment (High school sports 1).

Sports also help in the physical well-being of the athlete. It is known that those who actively participate in sports are physically healthy than those who do not participate actively in sports. Sports also help in socialization. Having a chance to spend time outside school with friends helps students to gain life skills through social interaction.

The support and care that youth receives from the patrons or team coaches help them in emotional growth. This also goes a long way in improving their self esteem and preventing anxiety that can sometimes cause unnecessary stress.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sports also prevent many school going kids from engaging in deviant behaviors. Sports provide students with something to focus on and, therefore, avoid the streets and gangs. This helps not just the child but the family from which he or she comes.

The family will be relieved from solving cases that relate to deviance because their child is participating in sports. Communities come together during sports occasions to watch games. High-school sports also offer the athletes, their families, and the whole community, an opportunity to come together and interact during sports events.

The community also comes together in support of their sports teams. Members of the community get a chance to sale foodstuffs, wash cars, and other events through which they generate money that they use to support their teams. Family members come to support and get involved in the lives of their children by supporting them in whatever sport they choose (Payne

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Interpersonal Communication Term Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Introduction There are no secrets that today’s workplaces are not as yesterday’s. With an increase in physical size and cultural diversity, the given assertion cannot be doubted. Passing messages between two colleagues speaking different languages can be a daunting task. In any given organization, Interpersonal communication forms a basic tool at the workplace. It assures proper coordination of activities and is based on the point of relating with others which forms a major aspect of relationships including both personal and business.

We as individuals spent most of our time exchanging ideas with other people and this shows the importance of interpersonal communication. This paper will therefore seek to define interpersonal communication and examine a number of factors that influence our interpersonal communication. The focus of the paper is based on interpersonal communication at the workplace principle.

Interpersonal communication is defined as the sending and receiving information between two or more people and the understanding of it through use of symbols or language. Interpersonal relationship is seen as the way a person communicates with another individual (Yoder, Hugenberg

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Recognize the Principles of the Judiciary Essay college admissions essay help

Although the principles of judiciary demand the judicial process to follow due legal processes to the letter, legal crises do occur in some instances. Legal conflict arises when inconsistencies emerge between the constitution and the general laws.

A classical example is the Marbury v. Madison case of the United States in which a legal conflict arose due to the inconsistency of the United States constitution with the Judiciary Act. According to this case, “William Marbury petitioned the Supreme Court to compel James Madison, Secretary of State to effect his appointment as a commissioner of Justice for Peace in Columbia District but John Marshall, Chief Justice denied the petition as he termed it unconstitutional” (Reisman, 2007, p. 3).

This became a landmark ruling since the Supreme Court, for the first time in the United States history, declared an Act to be unconstitutional. In this ruling, John Marshal realized that there was legal conflict between the constitution and the Judicial Act, and the only way to conduct constitutional review was through the Supreme Court.

The Marbury v. Madison ruling coupled with some clauses in Article III authorizes the Supreme Court to carry out judicial review. The Article III of the United States constitution states that, “In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction…in all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction” (Stone, 2007, p. 35).

Therefore, the United States constitution gives the powers to the Supreme Court to exercise judicial review in cases where legal conflict arises. The prime function of the Supreme Court in judicial review is to protect the constitution and ensure that all statutes are consistent with the constitution.

The constitutions of England and Netherland do not give powers to their Supreme Courts to exercise judicial review on the constitutionality of statues and treaties, because legislators have the mandate of ensuring that they only pass constitutional acts. In cases of constitutional dispute concerning “…the right interpretation of a law or a treaty in accordance with the constitution … the judge cannot have supremacy over the legislator, because the question of constitutionality of an act is more political than technical-judicial” (Huq, 2008, p. 32).

Halsema proposal seeks to have the Supreme Court assume the jurisdiction to check constitutionality of statutes and treaties. The approval of the Halsema proposal means that the parliament and the government will have to share their mandate of constitutional review with the judiciary, hence judicial review.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Most Americans accept judicial review even though it is not explicit in the constitution because it has provided means of checking constitutionality of statutes. Statistics shows that, “in the two hundred years of judicial review 175 federal laws and 1006 state laws were declared unconstitutional (1789-2004)” (Whittington, 2009, p. 12).

This means that if there was no judicial review, the courts could still be grappling with over 1000 legal conflicts, which slows down the wheels of justice. The landmark ruling of the Marbury v. Madison case set precedent on ways of solving legal conflicts that emerge quite often due to the inconsistencies of the statutes with the constitution.

Despite the fact that judicial review has helped to speed up the due process of the law, Thomas Jefferson criticized it saying that, “to consider judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions is a very dangerous doctrine indeed, and one which would place us under the despotism of an oligarchy” (Reisman, 2007, p. 8).

Jefferson argues that judges are common people with same passions and interests that might lead them to make compromised judicial reviews to attain their desired ends. I agree with Jefferson argument that it is quite dangerous to give constitutional review powers to the judiciary since too much power corrupts ultimately. To counter the dangers associated with excessive judicial review powers, the parliament should provide provisions that limit the autonomy of the judicial review process.

References Huq, A. (2008). Constitutional Courts and Judicial Review. Center on International Cooperation, 4(12), 31-34.

Reisman, D. (2007). The Supreme Court. New York Life Journal, 15(32), 1-12.

Stone, G. (2005). Constitutional Law. New York: Aspen Publishers.

We will write a custom Essay on Recognize the Principles of the Judiciary specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Whittington, K. (2009). The Theories of Judicial Review. Spring Journal, 20(1), 1-18.

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