Concept Analysis Of Spiriuality Among Adult Oncology Patients In An Acute-care Setting (i.e. Hospital) Research Paper Essay Help Online

Wiley (2008) explored the concept of spirituality as measured by spiritual well-being scale (SWBS). In this research, there was an intensive investigation on the physical, emotional, functional and, spiritual well-being of chronically ill patients. The overall quality of life of these chronically ill patients was also factored in the research. From the factor analysis results, two spiritual well- being scales were identified.

One of these subscales assessed meaning/peace while the other assessed faith/spiritual beliefs as they related to the life of the patients. The results were that the correlation between these two scales was 0.54, and reliability of the entire scale and the subscales ranged from 0.81-0.88 (p. 273) The research also revealed a significant relationship between the spiritual well-being and the quality of life of these patients.

The criteria of spirituality were measured in terms of the faith one had after recovering from the illness as well as, a person’s perception on the meaning of life, peace, and purpose in life. The consequence of spirituality in this case was that validity existed in meaning/ peace subscale as it did not have a significant variability with other measures of religiousness. This showed that there did not exist a religious affiliation while using this subscale. No antecedents existed in this case.

Vance (2001) explored the concept of spirituality as measured by the Spiritual Well-being Scale (SWBS), Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale (SIBS), and Spiritual Care Practice Questionnaire to examine how nurses’ attitudes towards spirituality influenced their ability to provide patients with spiritual care, and identify barriers inhibiting nurses from delivering spiritual care to patients (p. 264).

The author defined spirituality as possessing a connection to God, or higher being, “as an interconnection with God or god being, that enables a human being to transcend the circumstances at hand and give purpose and meaning to life.” (p. 265).

The author found a strong correlation existed between the nurse’s self-reported attitudes towards spirituality, and their ability to deliver spiritual care to patients (p. 266). More importantly, nurses that scored higher on the SWBS and SIBS were found to provide better spiritual care to their patients.

Barriers identified by the nurses in providing spiritual care included lack of time, inadequate education, and the belief that spirituality is a personal matter that should not be addressed by nurses (p. 267). Criteria for spirituality encompasses the belief of transcendence, interconnection with God, or higher being and obtaining a sense of meaning, and purpose in one’s life. No antecedents or consequences of spirituality were identified in this study.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lazenby (2010) In another related research on the role of spirituality to the recovery of cancer patients was investigated. Spirituality was measured by Spiritual Time meditation Scale (STMS) perday and also recording the number of times that one retreated to spiritual places. Here the author identified spirituality as an awareness of something greater than an individual self.

The doctors in the study were interviewed and acknowledged that, despite it being stressing to handle cancer patients, they relentlessly committed themselves to ensure their welfare. They also conquered with the belief that patients’ spirituality contributed significantly to their recovery.

The findings from this research were that the more one meditated on spirituality, the less pain they experienced in relation to their illness. There was also a high relationship between the numbers of times a patient had an interaction with the doctor to their health improvement. In this case the criteria of spirituality was measured in terms of meditation of the holy word. There were no consequences or antecedents presented in this case.

Reference List Lazenby, J. M. (2010). On “spirituality,” “religion,” and “religions”: a concept analysis. Palliative supportive care, 8(4), 469-476.

Wiley, H.M. (2008). Spirituality and meaning in supportive care: spirituality- and meaning-centered group psychotherapy interventions in advanced cancer [Review]. Supportive Care in Cancer, 10(4), 272-280.


Tools college essay help online: college essay help online

Table of Contents Abstract


Tools and Techniques for On-the-Job Training



Abstract Many organizations have often used on-the-job training to equip their recruits with the required competencies, skills, and knowledge for the job. On-the-job training involves the use of skilled, knowledgeable, and experienced employees to train new employees or employees with inadequate skills, knowledge, and experiences in certain aspects of the job.

Managers and supervisors may perform on-the-job training in an informal manner. Generally, studies have shown that effective approaches to on-the-job training could equip employees with the required skills, attitude, and knowledge. In addition, it could help new employees to acquire organizational culture and good work habits.

Introduction On-the-job training (OJT) refers to teaching skills, knowledge, and competencies to new employees to allow them to perform their jobs at the workplace effectively. In most cases, OJT has relied on regular and available workplace tools and techniques, such as, employees, knowledge, skills, documents, and other relevant resources in order to allow employees to learn and perform their roles well at the workplace.

This paper explores tools and techniques, which are necessary for effective OJT as an alternative form of employee training at the workplace.

Tools and Techniques for On-the-Job Training Several studies have demonstrated that OJT is a critical part of workplace learning, which has not received the required attention (Walter, 2000; Klink and Streumer, 2002). Effective use of tools and techniques for OJT can enhance performance and competence in employees (Khan, Khan and Khan, 2011). Employees can gain core aspects of a workplace like actual work methods and social aspects of the workplace.

While research on OJT has not gained prominence, previous works have indicated that there were both structured and unstructured OJT. It is the structure of OJT that can describe many forms OJT can assume in an organization. Hence, there are clear differences between structured and unstructured OJT approaches.

Structured and effective OJT has proved to be the most effective form of teaching employees because they acquire practical experiences with specific tools used in an organization on a daily basis (Rothwell and Kazanas, 1990).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, OJT has been widely used in both small and large organizations, particularly in the manufacturing sector. The trainee may follow the experienced manager or worker for several days as he or she learns skills required for the job. The approach is usually one-on-one, but the trainee has the opportunity to learn several different aspects of the job as possible.

Usually, OJT involves learning that takes place by observing and imitating what others do. The supervisor may provide feedback, but there are few instances in which the trainer may refer to training manuals or organizational documents. Usually, OJT involves orientation of new recruits, but firms may also use it to meet certain goals. First, employees can use OJT to advance their skills in cases of new technologies and work techniques.

Second, OJT has been effective on cross-training workers within the same units of the organization. Third, organizations have used OJT to orientate employees from other departments. Other firms have used it as way of transferring and managing knowledge resources.

Past studies indicate that planned OJTs have been effective, but these are usually Job Instruction Training (JIT). This form of OJT had significant impacts on productivity upon its introduction. The process requires analysis of gaps in every task, and then the supervisor guides the trainee through all the required stages. These stages may include seven areas:

Demonstrating to a trainee how to perform a certain task

Providing explanations through specific work points

The trainee watches the supervisor as he or she performs the task

The trainee takes part in performing simple aspects of the task

The supervisor assists the trainee to perform the entire task

The trainee takes turn to perform the entire task on his or her own (the supervisor should provide praise and note areas of improvement, and provide required feedback)

The trainee works independently on the task

Organizations have used OJT to meet basic skills requirement at workplaces. In addition, they have also used OJT to develop aspects of organizational cultures and performance required from newly recruited employees. Still, firms have used OJT to provide onboard information to new employees.

A study by Klink and Streumer showed that the OJT programs were “only partially successful in realizing training goals” (Klink and Streumer, 2002).

They noted that OJT training effectiveness required factors like “self-efficacy, prior experience with tasks, managerial support, and workload” (Klink and Streumer, 2002) because these were the most powerful indicators of its effectiveness. Overall, these researchers noted that OJT was not an effective method of training employees, but they cautioned that further studies were necessary to ascertain their findings.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Tools


Let’s conduct some research this week! For this forum, you must submit 2 posts. Post #1: In your original essay help online

Let’s conduct some research this week! For this forum, you must submit 2 posts.

Post #1: In your original post, discuss a current drug or gun control policy that you found to be supported by empirical evidence and research. Choose a specific policy and explain the research that supports it. It does not have to be a policy we discussed in class. In your view, is this policy meeting its goals?

Post #2: In a response post to another student, post a counterargument with empirical research. You do not need to include a full APA reference entry, just a link to the website is fine.


Theorist Bio-sketch Essay college essay help: college essay help

The origin of the psychoanalysis theory is traced back to the end of XIX – the beginning of XX century and is closely connected to the works of famous Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud. His works gave impulse to the further development of this field of psychological study. Erik Erikson, the outstanding American researcher in psychoanalysis, continued the work on the issue of personality development, motives of it development and the impact of social order on personality.

The aim of this essay is to present a bio-sketch of Erik Erikson, to characterize his contribution to the development of psychoanalysis and the understanding of human personality.

Erik Erikson was born on 15 June 1902 in Frankfurt am Mein, Germany. His future life and scientific work would be closely connected to the story of his family and his memories from childhood. Karla Abrahamsen, his mother, was Jewish. At the time when she had already been married with Waldemar Isidor Salomonsen, she had a liaison with Danish citizen.

As a result of this extramarital relationship, she gave birth to Erik who was given Salomonsen surname. A few years later Karla Abrahamsen moved to another town where she married Theodor Homburger who adopted Karla’s child and gave Erik his surname.

In 1930s Erik Homburger met Joan Mowat Serson, a Canadian dancer, who became his wife later. The pair immigrated to the United States where Erik started his new life with the change of his surname to Erikson. In such a way, he, so to say, adopted himself. His brilliant work as psychoanalyst started in this country. Initially, his work in the field was primarily concentrated on psychological practice and later he devoted himself to the scientific work which resulted in his famous theory of identity.

Strozier (2011) mentioned that “in America, Erikson soon established his reputation as a child analyst and became acquainted with people like Margaret Mead” (Strozier, 2011, p. 31). It is important to note that he became interested in the analysis of personality and the determination of factors influencing its development far earlier, when he studied in Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Soon after graduation, Erikson together with historian George Kennon issued his essay on Hitler (Strozier, 2011).

The theory of identity is, perhaps, the most important contribution which Erikson made to the development of psychoanalysis. It is frequently argued that the essence of the theory is interconnected with the author’s own life experience.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When he was a child, he was influenced by his mother who encouraged all family members to obey all the postulates and customs of Judaism, including the regular visit to synagogue and strict observance of Jewish traditions. However, the boy appearance, his blue eyes and blond hair, told about his Danish roots. That is why it was rather difficult for a child to realize his origin. Besides, his Jewish and German classmates teased him for his roots reminding of his mental problem.

Stroizer (2011) states the following,

“Most of Erikson’s work has focused on adolescence and its concomitant crisis of identity. Some would even say that he helped create the identity crisis as almost a rite of passage for adolescents, who seem to wear their crises on their sleeves, whether Edwardian or leather” (Stroizer, 2011, p.32).

The theory of identity explains the process of personality development considering it in respect to the particular stage which the person goes through in their life. Childhood is the starting point of personality development. At this stage an individual absorbs the information about surrounding reality and the notions about what is right doing and what is wrong doing which are taught by parents. That is why the identity of personality began to develop even in the period of childhood.

Later, when being a teenager, an individual continues to develop the perception of personal identity but at this age this perception is taking the form of the own actions concordance with the attitude of others to them. It is the key in the understanding of Erikson’s theory of identity. This interpretation of the personal development conception emphasizes the fact that the personal identity is influenced not only by psychological factors but also by social ones. Erikson (1975) states

“It is a state of being and becoming that can have a highly conscious (and, indeed, self-conscious) quality and yet remain, in its motivational aspects, quite unconscious and beset with the dynamics of conflict. This, in turn, can lead to contradictory mental states, such as a sense of aggravated vulnerability and yet also an expectation of grand individual promise” (p.19).

The significance of the results of Erikson work over identity conception is proved by its broad view on the concept of personality itself. In contrast to the previous works in this sphere and the Sigmund Freud theories, in particular, Erikson’s conception uncovers the personality development as a more dynamic and complex process. Erikson gives us an idea that the mature personality is a result of hard mental and emotional process which an individual goes through. Furthermore, it is a result of the influence of social factors.

We will write a custom Essay on Theorist Bio-sketch specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Modern theory of psychoanalysis is based on the identity concept presented by E. H. Erikson to the large extent. Nowadays, his theory is applied to the study of the urgent social phenomena, even such as terrorism or drug abuse. In addition, the conception of identity became the scientific background for the development of the social identity theory concentrating more attention on the identity as a variable in the international relations (Hymans, 2002).

It can be stated that the field of the international politics became the sphere of the theory application. Undoubtedly, the ideas presented by Erikson motivated scholars to study the conception further, analyzing it from other perspectives. The results of Erikson’s work are applied to explain the differences in morality between people, “the control approach to the identity process”, all of which, in turn, assist in explanation of the roots of modern financial crisis, Wall Street intentions and values (Stets


Marlon Brando: A Method Actor Essay argumentative essay help

Marlon Brando is seen as one of the greatest actors who employed method acting. A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) is one of the films where the actor’s performance can be regarded as an example of the effective use of the method acting techniques. This is an emotional story of a man who tries to build his happiness despite his ill temper. Such techniques as emotional memory, substitution and magic “if” help the actor create such a lively and appealing character.

Thus, examples of the use of emotional memory are quite numerous in the film. For instance, the scene where Stanley reveals his dreams to have a son is one of these examples (A Streetcar Named Desire). Notably, it is manageable to act out emotions of a man who is happy to have a son.

The scene where Stanley is playing cards with other men is also suggestive. Stanley gets more and more furious as he does not win (A Streetcar Named Desire). This emotion is also rather easy to act out as each person has witnessed such kind of emotions.

Admittedly, such techniques as substation and magic “if” are a bit more complicated to act out and trace. Nonetheless, these techniques are also employed by Brando in the film. For instance, the scene where Stanley clears the table is one of examples of substitution. It is clear that the situation when someone is telling a man what to do is unpleasant for the male.

It is also apparent that each man has had loads of such situations (especially in their childhood). Brando refers to all those cases when he was told what to do something to accumulate the fury necessary for the scene. The actor is very emotional when explaining who the king in their kingdom is. The actor’s emotions make the scene very lively and realistic.

As far as the magic “if” is concerned, it can be found in the scene where Stanley confronts Blanche and tells her everything he thinks about her (A Streetcar Named Desire). Brando manages to imagine he is the brutal man who is fed up with the woman’s behavior and lies. He acts out the joy of a man who understands his own flaws, but is eager to reveal the flaws in other people.

The magic “if” can also be traced in the one of the most famous scenes of the film. Stanley calls his wife Stella (A Streetcar Named Desire). He is desperate and he needs his wife badly. Here, the actor puts himself into his character’s shoes. He explores the feelings of a man who can lose the one he truly loves and cares about (in his peculiar way). Stanley is devastated he does not want to listen to anyone else. Only his wife can comfort him and she does come back.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is necessary to note that this scene is also suggestive as it helps understand the inner conflict in Stanley. On the one hand, he is a brutish man who is accustomed to a working life. He is accustomed to being in charge of his family and he is the boss. He uses his physical strength to dominate in his house. His wife is submissive.

Even though she is trying to protest sometimes, Stanley strives for total control over his wife as well as her sister. Thus, the scene where Stanley is telling the women he is the king is one of the illustrations of this facet of his complicated character (A Streetcar Named Desire). He is often violent and brutish.

On the other, it is clear that he is attached to his wife and he loves her immensely. His despair in the scene with Stanley shouting out Stella’s name is obvious. He understands that he offends his wife too often. However, he can do nothing about his own behavior.

Therefore, his inner struggle is related to his nature and his love to his wife. He wants to be a better person for his Stella, but he is unlikely to become one as his temper will never change. Their marriage is also a reflection of Stanley’s inner struggle. They fight all the time, but they always end up in bed and everything starts over again.

It is necessary to note that the film is one of the cinematographic masterpieces. From an actor’s perspective, the film is a manual to learn by heart. Marlon Brando shows the ways actors should live the lives of their characters and become their characters. Method acting techniques are very effective and the film is the best evidence to support the assumption.

As an actor, I have learnt a lot from Brando and his character Stanley. Being emotional and being another person is rather hard. However, in the film, it is impossible to find an actor Brando as he is totally transformed into Stanley. One of the secrets of such successful acting is that Marlon Brando managed to believe he was Stanley. Therefore, he managed to convince the viewers he was Stanley as well.

On balance, it is possible to note that Marlon Brando is one of the greatest method actors. One of the films where Brando’s brilliant performance is manifested is A Streetcar Named Desire. This film is regarded as one of the most remarkable films and should be a kind of training material for actors who strive for achieving highest results in their career. The film will teach actors how to create a strong, lively and appealing character that will definitely remain in the history of world cinematography.

We will write a custom Essay on Marlon Brando: A Method Actor specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited A Streetcar Named Desire. Ex. Prod. Charles K. Feldman. Burbank, CA: Warner Brothers. 1951. DVD.


Following the Path of a Diversional Therapist: A Case Study writing essay help

Introduction: South Eastern Sydney Local Health District NSW Health. South Eastern Sydney local health district.

The chosen organization can be referred to as the St. George Hospital of the South Eastern Sydney Local Health District. It is a state organization that provides healthcare services to the citizens of Sydney. As one might have already guessed from its title, the organization is located in the southeast of Sydney.

South Eastern Sydney local health district (2013). Retrieved from Google Earth.

Philosophy, Mission and Policies

The philosophy of the given organization is not known as widely as one might want it to; however, according to what the people working at the hospital say, their mission statement can be summarized in the following words: “we are all here to provide the best care possible within those limitations and patients are our number one priority” (About St. George Hospital, 2008, March 25).

The hospital provides a wide range of services to a number of patients of different age, gender and social/ethnical background. To define its basic purpose, the hospital officials declare that they can be called a “designated major trauma service” (About St. George, 2010, June 16).

SESLHD and Ethics

St. George also has a range of peculiar policies and principles. Among the most notable ones, the mobile heritage principle, which works not only for St. George, but also for the rest of the hospitals belonging to the South Eastern Sydney local health district in general.

The staff, as well as the head of the district, must take proper care not only of the equipment and the heritage belonging to the hospital, but also about “any natural or manufactured object of heritage significance” (South Eastern Sydney Area Health Service, 2001, iv) within SHE, in accordance with the given principle.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As for the principles and policies on patients treatment, St. George staff is supposed to provide each of their patients with the due care and decent services, striving for the well-being of each patient and addressing each health issue individually (Lindorff, 2010). With the latest resources at hand, be it surgical, therapeutic or pharmaceutical ones, the South Eastern Sydney local health district can offer its patients the most efficient medical assistance.

The corporate culture of the organization is also quite peculiar. As it has been stressed above, the SESLHD Organization strives for the well-being of each of its clients and, therefore, maintains a specific corporate culture. “New employees in SESLHD MHS may need to be paired with a more experienced member of staff to act as a guide to the workplace and the corporate culture” (SESLHD policy cover sheet, n. d., 2).

Goals and Rationale

However, when it comes to defining the issues within the hospital setting, one must mention that some of the effects of the current management processes leave much to be desired.

Because of the lack of cooperation between the members of the staff, which must have been spawned by the cultural differences between the younger trainees and the older staff, there are considerable disagreements concerning the methods of tending to the needs of the autistic patients (Olmstead et al., 2012). By developing a strong program that will help the staff feel more integrated, one can possibly shape the existing method of autistic patients treatment so that it could bring more fruitful result (Lobas, 2006).

Management Plan Management

As it has been stressed, the selected environment can be defined as the SESLHD nursing care and patient treatment. Both the nursing staff and the patients are going to be involved into the experiment for the program to work both in favor of the patients and he staff. Seeing how the age gap seems to be the basic problem, the environment can be defined as human and socio-cultural one.

When it comes to picking the leadership style, it is important to keep in mind that not only the process of training, but mainly the relationships between the staff members should be changed. Therefore, it will be necessary to reinvent the employees’ perception of training, as well as the attitude of the senior members of the organization to the trainees. Therefore, the transformational leadership seems to be the most reasonable option (Luzinski, 2011). That being said, it will also be required to introduce a role model for the senior employees and the trainees to follow. Thus, charismatic leadership model will be required as well (Levay, 2010).

It is crucial that the elements of quality management should also be integrated into the program. As it has been stressed previously, patients are the focus of the given plan, and their progress is what one has to keep an eye on (Cherian


Reading Response of The Year without Toilet Paper Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

The Year without Toilet Paper is the article published in The New York Times by Penelope Green. The article is based on the real life experience of the family who decided to support the environmentalists’ ideas.

The Conlin-Beavan family answers the question about the source of inspiration making them adhere to the environmentalism thoughts and tells the readers about the reasons of their choices in their day to day life. The family does their best to make the contribution in the reduction of pollution caused by carbon fuel (“The Year without”, n.pag.). They restricted the range of everyday products, which remain typical for every household, including even the toilet paper.

The purpose of Green’s essay is to present a real life case to the public by showing the decisions made by the New York family in their day to day life in order to make their own contribution for the Earth nature preservation and the preventing of global climate changes.

The author of the article aimed at making us understand that the environmental decisions are made not only in the frameworks of formal agreements at the level of governments and environmental organizations such as Green Peace but also that they are made by not indifferent ordinal megalopolis families aware of the environmental movement. They use their life experiment to tell people how to go green and how we can protect our environment.

The Colin-Beavan family is composed of three members: the father, who is a books writer, the mother, who is also a writer working at Business Week and their two-year old daughter (“The Year without”, n.pag.). The pair adhered to the principles of the environmental friendly lifestyle presented in the book No Impact (“The Year without”, n.pag.).

They have already managed to go green for one year having found the substitutes for the harmful products and services which directly or indirectly cause the pollution. Mr Beavan tells that they make bread themselves; they do not use plugged refrigerator; they use box to replace metal tube for trash; the spices have been completely excluded from their daily ration except for salt, they do not use elevator and, last but not least, they eat vegetables in 250-miles radius of Manhattan (“The Year without”, n.pag.).

No doubt, the readers wonder how they managed to do that and for what. The answer is straightforward: the family does not use any carbon fueled vehicle and it is hard to walk the distance more than 250 miles (“The Year without”, n.pag.). The family decided even to include the toilet paper to their restricted list. Mr Beavan explains that they substituted it for bowls of water and air drying (“The Year without”, n.pag.).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In my opinion, the environmentalists’ way of life given as an example by the Colin-Beavan family is too strict and not all people will find it suitable for themselves. Although the article has made a huge impact on me and my vision of social responsibility, I consider the presented experience as striking.

To my mind, it will, undoubtedly, shake the public opinion. In addition, it should be said that the carbon fuel plays a very important role in our society and we should be able to go a hard way for its complete replacing with substitutes. Thanks to the activity of environmental organizations and the researchers on this topic, the discovery and development of these substitutes are not impossible and the mankind will eventually find a solution.

Frankly speaking, I am not a kind of person who can follow the experience of the Colin-Beavan family and I will not ready to exclude any of my daily living essentials at the moment. Perhaps, I will not be able to adhere to the environmentalists’ lifestyle. Nevertheless, I respect their ideas and the hard work for nature protection.

Works Cited Green, Penelope. ” The Year without Toilet Paper.” The New York Times 22 March 2007: n.pag. NY Times. Web.


Leadership and Management Essay online essay help

Table of Contents Management

Functions of management

Controlling as a function of management

The manager as leader


Management Management is a strong tool in ensuring an organization’s better performance in the market. Management entails proper planning, organization, coordination, and supervision of the organization’s policies. Firms that are under proper management benefit from timely and smooth flow of operations. Proper management procedurally spells out when and who should carry out a concrete duty at specific time. The four most important functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling (MSG, 2013).

Functions of management Planning involves outlining needs that should be done in the future in line with the organization’s objectives and operations. Planning limits time wastage since it calls for allocation of time schedules for all the activities, in which the organization is involved. Organizing, as a function of management, entails combining all the factors of production within the organization set up in order to maximize the output.

As a management tool, the manager performs this function by identifying the activities, which the organization should carry out, delegating duties at departmental levels, classifying powers to departmental managers, and coordinating activities amongst the departments as the case of the Coca-Cola Company.

Organizing helps in eliminating duplication of duties amongst the departments. Leading is the process of issuing instructions and overseeing the conduct of the employees in an organization in order to achieve the set objectives. Leading, as a management tool, therefore, initiates all other functions that management performs.

Controlling as a function of management Controlling involves monitoring the actual performance of the organization against the set plans (John, 2012). As a management tool, controlling helps in planning of the organization’s activities as well as facilitating the organization process.

Controlling enables the management to engage the employees only in activities that are in line with the company’s objectives.Controlling, therefore, requires the organization’s management to set up rules and regulations, which all employees must follow when conducting their operations within the organization.

Usually, top performing organizations are those ensure that their management is in full control of all the operations that the organization conducts (Loren et al, 2013). Most employees normally do not like rules and measures that restrict their manner of operations within the organization.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As such, these employees assume that management does not need to monitor employees’ performance due to their high level of experience. According to the case of Coca-Cola Company, the company had to enforce a control measure barring the organization’s employees from running retail and wholesale shops dealing in the supply and distribution of Coca-Cola products.

Prior to implementing this control measure, the Coca-Cola Company conducted thorough sensitization and education of its employees to ensure that all the employees understood the need for the control measure. This control measure enabled the company to engage all the employees fully in the company’s activities. It also ensured that the company offered quality services to its customers.

The manager as leader Good managers boast excellent skills in communication, human management and high level of conduct. One’s experience in management equally plays a major role in the decision that he or she makes pertaining to the management.

Managers should improve on their response to handling sensitive matters affecting the employees, so as to make employees comfortable within the organization’s set-up. Managers should also engage employees in making the organization’s policies so as to enable smooth implementation of the policies (Angelo et al, 2012).

References Angelo, K., Brian, W. (2012). Management: A Practical Introduction. New York City: McGraw-Hill.

John, R. (2012).Management.New Jersey: Wiley Publishers.

Loren, B., Jim, M.,


The Adaptation of Shakespeare’s Play: A Midsummer Night’s Dream Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

The play A Midsummer Night’s Dream was written by William Shakespeare during the 16th century. This play can be discussed as the comedy which is based on the magic plot referred to the humorous and fairy-tale adventures of the main characters in Athens. It is important to note that a play has the most important impact on the audience when it is performed on stage. Today, film adaptations can also be discussed as the variants of the plays’ production.

From this point, it is necessary to refer to the most vivid film adaptation of the play realized by Michael Hoffman in 1999. To analyze the play or its adaptation, a person should refer to the approaches proposed by the German playwright Johann Wolfgang Goethe and the Greek philosopher Aristotle in order to discuss the aspects of the play and its success. On the one hand, the analysis of the play’s text cannot reflect the real meaning or idea based on the author’s intention without references to the real performance on stage.

On the other hand, the vision of the director can also affect the audience’s vision of the play and its idea significantly. That is why, it is important to balance these positions while analyzing the play A Midsummer Night’s Dream with references to Hoffman’s film. A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1999) is the vivid and expressive film adaptation of the classic Shakespeare’s play which is characterized by bright pictures and the accentuated comic component to emphasize the farce of the story.

According to Aristotle’s viewpoint, there are six significant elements in the play which should be discussed in detail in order to analyze it effectively. These elements are the plot, thought, character, diction, spectacle, and song (Downs, Wright, and Ramsey 88-89). Focusing on the play, it is important to determine several lines of the plot which include the stories of relationships between Lysander, Hermia, Demetrius, and Helena, between King Oberon and Queen Titania, between Duke Theseus and Hippolyta.

All these plot lines are closely connected guaranteeing the complex and interesting net development in the play. The element of thought is presented in the play with references to the moral ideals which are followed by different characters. Thus, the plot development depends on the progress of the characters’ complicated relations which are reflected in their love for each other, affection, and even hate and revenge.

Referring to the play’s characters, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that Hoffman’s interpretation of the characters differs from Shakespeare’s original descriptions (A Midsummer Night’s Dream). Thus, Hoffman’s characters are more comic and inconsistent in their actions, they are too expressive and even grotesque, and their actions and ideas are exaggerated.

In spite of the fact that the film is based on the play appropriately, and Shakespeare’s words are followed strictly, there are some details which are added to adapt the play to the director’s vision of the play’s world. From this perspective, the diction in the form of pathetic speeches is adapted according to the play’s mood and new features acquired by the characters.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, Titania is the most pathetic in the film because of her status and attitude to the partials and situation. Furthermore, the role of Puck’s trickery is also emphasized in the context of its impact of the characters, their behaviours, and associated diction presented in Shakespeare’s play, but changed with references to the presentation of more ridiculous facts and situations. Analyzing the play’s spectacle, it is important to note that the action of the play is performed not in Athens, but in Italy during the 19th century.

This fact influences the pictures provided in the film, their connection to reality, the characters’ usage of bicycles and their attitudes to each other. However, the illustrations of the magic forest reflect the play’s text appropriately to draw the attention to the imaginative world. The music by Felix Mendelssohn and operatic elements included into the film are helpful to create the specific fairy-tail world of the film with the focus on romantic plot lines.

Goethe’s approach to the analysis of the play depends on more general discussion of the play’s elements. In the 18th-19th centuries, Goethe proposed to concentrate on what an artist could try to do, on the effectiveness of his techniques, and on the overall importance of the play as the work of art (Downs, Wright, and Ramsey 89). The purpose of A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1999) is to provide the comic effect in its connection with the people’s feelings and their ability to follow their passion without hesitation.

If Shakespeare achieves this goal with the help of accentuating controversies in the characters’ behaviours, the film’s author focuses on exaggerating the effects of mad love and self-assurance (A Midsummer Night’s Dream). Although the original variants of the play and its adaptation of 1999 differ in details and shifted focuses, the play and film are worth seeing and discussing by the audience because the authors’ intention to emphasize the magic world of people’s feelings is realized effectively.

Thus, A Midsummer Night’s Dream is an important play which is interesting for the audience because of its deep idea and focus on the people’s inner world in combination with the vivid pictures of magic and comic world.

Works Cited A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Ex. Prod. Michael Hoffman. USA: Regency Enterprises. 1999. DVD.

Downs, William Missouri, Lou Anne Wright, and Erik Ramsey. The Art of Theatre: A Concise Introduction. USA: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

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Training Final Report college application essay help: college application essay help

Executive Summary Schlumberger is reputed as the leading service company in the oil and natural gas industry. The company’s business magnitude is big, enabling it to spread its presence its presence across the globe. Schlumberger’s main strategy is building alliances and forming mergers.

This provides the company with ability to penetrate in the market easily. It builds its competitive advantage against industry rivals. Thirteen different companies carry out Schlumberger operations, each specializing in specific areas. Growing global demand for energy has enhanced the company’s potential of growth in future.

More industry players are willing to form alliances with Schlumberger to enhance their chances of business operations. Continuous legal suits and actions against the company affect Schlumberger’s profile. This may result in governments tightening regulatory frameworks, thus making it difficult for the firm to operate in their markets. More investments should be made in the area of research and development.

This will enable the company come up with practical solutions to the perennial environmental degradation problem that affects the company. The company over relies on the expenditure levels of the oil marketers. This puts its business at risk because the oil marketers equally depend on global oil prices before making expenditure decisions. Global oil prices are erratic and they put oil marketers’ investment and expenditure into jeopardy.

Schlumberger should sustain its alliance and merger strategy, but maintain close scrutiny prior to making decisions. Both companies engaging in the merger or alliance must realign their structures in order to eliminate chances of making costly mistakes. Failure to observe this measure may result in losses for both companies. Merger and alliance agreements must be fully understood and observed to limit the number of legal actions emerging as a result of breach of contract.

Introduction Schlumberger is an international firm that offers different services to different players in the oil and gas sector. The services include digging wells, testing, seismic acquisitions, directional drilling, and seismic processing, among other activities.

The wide range of services are offered by many other smaller companies which fall under Schlumberger, and which could either have been acquired or working in strategic relation with the company. This report extensively covers the operations of the company, including analyzing its internal and external environments, its marketing and competitive strategies, as well as evaluate on the internship experience encountered at the firm.

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Schlumberger is a global firm that is technology-based. The company is involved in providing information solution to oil and gas firms. Schlumberger also engages in project management. With the company’s activities mainly targeting operations in the global oil sector and industry, Schlumberger has invested its expertise in well testing, seismic acquisition, seismic processing, artificial lift, formation evaluation, directional drilling, as well as managing software and information.

The company’s operations also include mining groundwater, as well as capturing carbon. It deals in various technologies and activities on how to store the captured carbon (Schlumberger, 2013).

The activities of the company are grouped together into two segments, with the Schlumberger Oilfield Services mainly focusing on the supply of the range of activities targeted at the oil production and operations. A second segment, Western Geco, concentrates its focus and activities on seismic operations. It additionally concentrates in data acquisition and processing services, which aim to improve the overall seismic operations.

Company Size

The total workforce size of the company is close to 120,000 people (Schlumberger, 2013). These workers are drawn from more than 140 nations across the globe. Schlumberger has established operation bases spanning across over 85 countries where it is mainly involved in oil exploration and production services.

Schlumberger is itself a conglomeration of up to 13 companies, all of which deal in different activities and services that enable the company to achieve the wide range operations and services. The member companies under the Schlumberger umbrella include WesternGeco, which is a leading geophysical services company, Smith Bits, which deals in designing, manufacturing, as well as marketing roller cone and the PDC drill bits that are used in the exploration of gas and oil (Schlumberger, 2013).

Dyna-Drill Technologies deals in the “designing and manufacturing down-hole motor equipment”. This is a very vital thing in the oil sector. MegaDiamond is involved in “ultra-hard materials used for cutting tools, drilling of oil and gas, mining applications and constructions” (Schlumberger, 2013, para 2). It mainly manufactures and designs all the equipments used for these activities.

Other Schlumberger member companies include Omni Seals, a custom molding company, Pathfinder, which offers directional drilling services, Thomas Tools, which specializes in downhole tool, and Coil Tubing Services, which literally deals in coil tubing services. E


Same-sex Relations and Americans’ Definitions of Family Essay argumentative essay help

This article tries to answer some pertinent issues about the American families. As such, it seeks to illustrate whom the Americans count as family, identify how the Americans perceive their families, and find the public opinion about the American nontraditional families such as same sex marriages (Powell et al. 17).

In the article, the author asserts that currently there are several differing opinions on what counts as families. The author reaffirmed this opinion when he or she interviewed several family members from both heterosexual and homosexual couples.

These family groups comprised of a man and a woman living together with children, a man and a woman living together with no children, a man and woman cohabiting, and homosexual couples. According to the article, the American’s definitions of families can be clustered into three groups. These groups are exclusionists, inclusionists, and moderates. It was found that the dissimilarity among these clusters extend beyond their views on same sex marriage.

In the article, the author collected a number of respondents about pertinent issues concerning the American families. Through this, it was found that more individuals agreed that a man, wife, and children count as a family. The second living arrangements that had a number of individuals perceiving them as families were single families. Last in the list was housemates followed by homosexual couples with children.

To reaffirm on these claims, the author carried out an independent research and consulted existing family literatures. For instance, the author acknowledges that finding consensus among existing definitions was not an easy task. The article notes that there are disagreements among several academicians indicating that the author relied heavily on previous works before coming to his or her conclusions.

Equally, the author mentions several authors of other family related books. Among these authors are Berkowitz, Bernstein, Riemann, Holstein, and many more (Powell et al. 18). This indicates that appropriate evidence was provided for conclusions. In general, the article gave a broad overview of the distinctions that Americans make between families and non-families. The conclusions were drawn after analyzing a unique data set of several respondents.

Based on this article, it is apparent that there are several perceptions about families in the American society. As such, it was widely agreed that a family constituted of a couple with their children as compared with couples with no children. Similarly, the article asserts that more Americans use cohabitation and homosexuality as a disqualifier for family status. However, it was worth noting that the number of those who acknowledged homosexual couples with their children as families was on the rise compared to some few years back.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This implies that these types of families are slowly gaining acceptance among the American population. Based on these findings, it can be deduced that in the future the definitions of the American family will differ from the current definitions. In the future, social constructions based on emotional ties will play a major role in defining the American family.

During the classroom sessions, the following questions can guide the students in analyzing the article. Whom do Americans count as family? What is the public opinion about the family? Does public opinion indicate a shift toward greater acceptance of homosexual families? Based on the article, can the attributes of America’s future families be deduced? Do public definitions of family translate into views regarding family policy?

Bibliography Powell, Brian, Catherine Bolzendahl, Claudia Geist, and Lala Carr Steelman. Counted Out: Same-sex Relations and Americans’ Definitions of Family . New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2012. Print.


Building Effective Teams Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Effective Team Building



Introduction Leaders need to build a strong team that can realise its goals by incorporating certain aspects of effective team building. Such aspects would ensure that the team is efficient and effective in its roles. In this context, team members must be aware of the objective of the team and specific periods for realising the set targets. A team must have a method of sharing responsibilities and leadership roles. This ensures accountability within the team. A team should have a clear purpose and concrete outcomes from inputs of its members.

Effective Team Building A clear purpose is a characteristic of effective team building. All members of a team should agree on the team’s goals. Shared goals and responsibilities enhance team effort by providing a clear sense of direction. All members should contribute in formulating objectives (Mealiea and Baltazar, 2005). A clear purpose would ensure that all members of the team have clear roles and responsibilities. Moreover, other members will also support such roles and the purpose of the team.

Team building requires definitive decision-making strategies. This eliminates challenges related to prolonged and unproductive discussions, which could hinder the team’s effort. A definitive process of making decisions ensures that all team members contribute, and they may resort to consensus to overcome contentious issues. Members must express their opinions and review all areas of disagreements.

Building a team requires an open communication system. This allows members to exploit communication channels to express their opinions and offer relevant feedback, as well as share information among themselves. Communication must reach all members of the team. Moreover, it should be consistent through various channels of communications. This ensures that all members are up to speed on the team’s progress and setbacks.

Effective team building requires shared leadership. In this regard, the team carries out leadership roles like “contributor, collaborator, challenger, facilitator, and controller” (Mealiea and Baltazar, 2005). These roles are not exclusively for the team leader. However, shared leadership roles will differ based on the prevailing circumstances and skills of members of the team. Moreover, different members may also have different responsibilities in leadership.

This is a participatory style of leading a team. Team members can suggest various ways of improving team activities and services. Participation by team members in various activities enhances decision-making processes within the team. Members can also rely on the group participation to facilitate self-efficacy and development of new strategies.

Listening and acknowledging contributions of other team members can facilitate building of effective team. Team members should discuss and formulate strategies for problem solving (Taggar and Brown, 2001). Members of a team could use listening to enhance interpersonal sensitivity and understanding. Listening ensures that all channels of communication within the team are open for contributions and criticism. Listening also facilitates interaction among members of the team.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Summary There are several approaches used in building effective team, but they depend on the prevailing conditions and characteristics of members. The role of the team leader remains imperative in ensuring a successful team that can realise its objectives. Leaders can only realise the overall purpose of the team if they have a clear framework that guides their roles and team activities.

The framework should show a clear purpose of the team, decision-making strategies, listening, communication channels, relationships, and shared leadership and members’ responsibilities among others. Building effective team requires action-oriented approaches and practical solutions to challenges associated with team building.

References Mealiea, L., and Baltazar, R. (2005). A Strategic Guide for Building Effective Teams. Public Personnel Management, 34(2), 141-160.

Taggar, S., and Brown, C. (2001). Problem-solving team behaviors: Development and validation of BOS and a hierarchical factor structure. Small Group Research, 32(6), 698.


Essentials of Management: Skills and Applications Essay online essay help

A manager needs to use different criteria when making decisions that have an impact on his firm’s operations. A manager needs to identify the specific problem that exists in the firm which needs to be solved. After identifying the problem, a manager needs to brainstorm with other members of the organisation to come up with probable solutions.

A consultative process makes all participants in the firm have more confidence in the manager’s leadership (DuBrin, 2003, p. 65). A manager needs to look at benefits and problems of every proposed solution before settling on the most appropriate one. A manager needs to understand all benefits and risks likely to be experienced by his organisation after the decision has been implemented.

An effective manager needs to understand the industry his firm operates in to ensure he makes appropriate decisions that advance its interests.

He needs to take note of different issues in the industry to find out how they impact on his firm’s operations. Jones and George (2006) reveal that a manager needs to rely on accurate information to expand his knowledge on various matters in the market (p. 87). A manager needs to study both short term and long term trends in the industry to understand how they are likely to impact on his firm’s performance.

It is vital for a manager to understand his firm’s vision to ensure that he makes appropriate decisions that help it achieve its objectives in the industry. He needs to allow other stakeholders in his firm to participate in making crucial decisions that enable his firm to make positive progress in the industry.

The assumption by an automobile manufacturer stating that the demand for SUV’s will continue to rise due to an increase in fuel prices is not backed up by accurate statistics. The manufacturer needs to do a lot of market research to validate this assumption, before its managers make any decisions regarding this issue. A leader should not use assumptions that have not been verified through elaborate marketing research to make choices that impact greatly on a firm’s operations.

He needs to use statistics gathered from different consumers to understand the best course of action his firm needs to pursue in the market. Pastinen (2010) reveals that managers need to develop effective systems that help them coordinate all activities their firms are involved in (p. 59).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These systems will help a firm understand financial as well as strategic implications of choices it makes in different markets. Therefore, the SUV manufacturer needs to assess all risks it is likely to experience before it decides to manufacture more vehicles.

An airline that makes an assumption that some travellers are willing to travel without additional amenities should conduct more market studies. However, the airline’s managers need to take time to find out if there are any major changes in the industry before making a drastic decision.

Managers need to compare services offered by other airlines to get more evidence that shows this assumption is credible and likely to benefit the firm’s operations in the long term. They also need to find out how the airline’s loyal customers are likely to react to such news and if this shift is likely to affect the quality attached to its brand in the market. Ultimately, the managers need to decide whether to market the airline as a low cost service provider or to maintain its current identity in the industry (Rue


Decision Making: Challenges and Techniques Essay essay help

Decision making refers to a process of selecting a logical course of action among several available options. In the world of business, the manager faces challenges and scenarios in which he has to make a decision regarding the matter at hand. Therefore, every manager should have better decision making skills in order to navigate through these challenges. There are several criteria for determining whether the manager is making a good decision.

One of the criteria is through evaluating the results that come about by the decision that the manager makes. Every organization expects better results. Better results come as a result of better governance, good decision making and collective participation by members of the organization (Mikael


A Grand Escape From the Prison of Chauvinism: Awoken and Ready to Fight the Society Prejudices Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Fighting for freedom is not an easy task, especially when not knowing whether one truly deserves this freedom and is ready to pay the price that the society demands for it (Jewett 525). While at present, the feminist concept of granting equal rights and freedoms to men and women seems quite legitimate, at the end of the XIX century, in the American South, the very idea of a woman fighting for her rights to be equal to a man seems impressively daring (Howells 374).

Despite the fact that Edna, the leading character of Kate Chopin’s Awakening, is the focus of the story and the character whom the readers are most likely to relate to, the rest of the female characters are also very compelling and are, in fact, the manifestation of feminism as it is – the demand for acknowledging the rights of women, the history of fights for freedom, the losses taken and the victories scored.

As the closest people for the novel protagonist, Janet and Margaret deserve to be mentioned first. Although they do not appear in the novel very often, they still have clear personalities and are very fun to watch, especially when they interact with their rebellious and confused sister.

It is quite peculiar that the relationships between the three sisters are so much complicated – with Margaret playing the role of a mother, wise yet very conservative, and Janet, refusing to have anything to do with Edna. Weirdly enough, out of these two, Margaret, with her traditional view of a woman’s role in a family and a woman’s place in the society, is much closer to the principles of feminism than her younger and more passionate sister Janet – and, maybe, Edna as well.

In contrast to her younger sisters, who are searching for their place and trying to gain confidence, she pretty much already has, and takes her actions with all due responsibility: “Her older sister, Margaret, was matronly and dignified, probably from having assumed matronly and housewifely responsibilities too early in life, their mother having died when they were quite young, Margaret was not effusive; she was practical” (Chopin 570).

Unlike Margaret, though, Janet is also worth taking a closer look at; detached from Edna, she has a lot in common with the latter, also being in search for her own self: “She and her younger sister, Janet, had quarreled a good deal through force of unfortunate habit” (Chopin 570).

Mademoiselle Reisz is on the other side of the spectrum; taking a look at her through the feminist goggles, one is most likely to find out that she is the essence of feminism. However, in terms of character development, she must be the most boring character of all, with all due respect to her enlightened attitude towards women in society. Though her personal journey is clearly not coming to a closure yet, it is obvious that she serves the function of a feminist model that Edna can relate to in her attempts to figure out what she truly wants.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mademoiselle Reisz is the feminist mascot in the novel and a cautious example of the fact that society does not like people who are trying to be different, down to the point of ostracizing them; as a result, a feminist woman has to be able to prove her right to be equal to a man with every little step that she makes: “I’ve always said no one could play Chopin like Mademoiselle Reisz!” “That last prelude! Bon Dieu! It shakes a man!” (Chopin 574).

If someone could actually rip Mademoiselle Reisz off of all her dignity and pride, replacing these qualities with vanity and shamelessness, she would have turned into Mrs. Highcamp. Another example of what feminist ideas can do to a person who pushes them to the breaking point, challenging social norms, she could have been in the protagonist camp if it was not for her low moral standards.

Mrs. Highcamp displays feminist features by challenging social morals by engaging into affairs with younger men, yet she is hypocritical enough to force her younger daughter into building relationships based on the financial status of men.

More to the point, Mrs. Highland actually uses her daughter to engage into relationships with young men: “She had a daughter who served her as a pretext for cultivating the society of young men of fashion” (Chopin 595), which is, in fact, pretty low. One of the most disturbing issues about her is that she never learns from her mistakes and, basically, is the example of feminism subdued by the social norms and turned into travesty of liberation ideas.

Perhaps, by far the most exotic characters in the novel, the Farival twins represent the Victorian era as it is, with the emphasis on motherhood and on devotion to the family, which is, in fact, not a very bad idea. It would be a mistake to claim that feminism has nothing to do with motherhood or family creation – on the contrary, a feminist can be a devoted mother and a loving wife.

However, the way in which the Farival siblings set their priorities sadly repeats the chauvinist motifs that are typical of the Victorian era (Wrobel 7). Instead of considering the creation of a family and being a mother and a wife as the options of a liberated woman, they obviously have the idea of a woman as a subordinate creature being foisted on them.

However, as the novel unwinds, much to the reader’s disappointment, they become sock puppets in the hands of the people speaking in favor of the chauvinist principles as the basis of the society, thus, becoming boring, predictable, and, quite honestly, virtuous to the point of being annoying: “’The following week,” answered Edna, adding, “It has been a pleasant summer, hasn’t it, Mademoiselle?’ ‘Well,’ agreed Mademoiselle Reisz, with a shrug, ‘rather pleasant, if it hadn’t been for the mosquitoes and the Farival twins.’ (Chopin 585).

We will write a custom Essay on A Grand Escape From the Prison of Chauvinism: Awoken and Ready to Fight the Society Prejudices specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another person whose character arch seems to have been completed before she even entered the plot, Madam Antonie provides an opportunity to look at the concepts of feminism through the goggles of a woman who seems to have solved the conflict within her and finally discovered her own self, reconciling with the demands of the society and her own social, personal and intellectual needs.

When comparing the given character to the rest of the people that emerge in the noel, one must admit that she seems to be by far the most complete and content of all of them. It is also quite remarkable that, being complete and not needing to establish herself in the society, as well as to change people’s perception of her persona, Madam Antonie does not change throughout the novel a single time.

While the given detail could be regarded as a character flaw, it is still reasonable to assume that Madam Antonie was not created for the purpose of showing character development; instead, she was supposed to be a complete character from the very start, a wise guide for Edna on her complicated journey (Abele 5). Truly, Madam Antonie appears only in two scenes in the novel; however, the given scenes are very symbolic in terms of the whole feminist concept being the focus of the Awakening.

Instead of guiding Edna the whole way to the point where she is finally handed her life choice, Madam Antonie emerges to bring comfort into Edna’s life and provide her with support at the points when Edna needs it most. In relation to the principles of feminism, Madam Antonie seems to have the closest to the idea of a self-sufficient, responsible and independent woman who has found the way to evolve within the context of the Victorian world without getting into conflicts with the adepts of chauvinism.

Arguably, she could be considered as a bad role model for the main character of the novel, Edna, seeing how the latter is willing that her rights should be recognized by society. With that being said, it can be assumed that Madam Antonie’s personal development does not come to an end as she disappears from the noel.

Rethinking the possible changes that she might undergo when colliding with the realities of the society of 1899, one might assume that she would not be able to fight back and would, probably, subdue to the socially accepted standard. It is quite peculiar that Madam Antonie is one of the characters whose further evolution is not quite clear in the novel; on the surface, she and the rest of the minor characters serve as the foil for Edna’s character development.

On a second thought, though, one might notice that these minor characters actually serve a bigger purpose; they are the representatives of the late XIX-century ideas of female identity (Weinmann 3). Showing that, when pushed to extreme, each of these ideas goes nowhere, the supporting characters like the aforementioned Farival siblings, Mrs. Highcamp, Mademoiselle Reisz, and many others form a pattern of the feminist ideas evolution at the end of the century.

It cannot be argued that not all female characters in Chopin’s work are as daring and feminist as Edna; in fact, some of them are the exact opposite, as the analysis above shows. However, it cannot be denied that even the most humble and the least courageous ones embody the basic ideas of feminism.

Not sure if you can write a paper on A Grand Escape From the Prison of Chauvinism: Awoken and Ready to Fight the Society Prejudices by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some of the characters doing everything possible to gain the least bit of freedom and being the heralds of the new era, others being completely subdued to their husbands, fathers, or other men, and, therefore, representing the effects of chauvinism at its worst, they all make a clear picture of the society of the end of the XIX century, with its prejudices and the desperate need for changes.

Granted that Edna is the leading and by far the strongest character, who manages to overcome the social obstacles in her ay practically on her own, the rest of the female characters cannot be denied their impact on the feminist moods in the novel. Each contributing a bit of their own experience, these women become the voice of the feminist America, and they are yet to be heard once again.

Works Cited Abele, Michaela. Women in Kate Chopin’s “Awakening.” New York, NY: GRIN Verlag. 2003. Print.

Chopin, Kate. “The Awakening.” In The Norton Anthology of American Literature: 1865–1914 (Vol. C). New York, NY: W. W. Norton


Representation of the Body in Advertising Essay argumentative essay help

Introduction Advertising is a form of marketing that aims to attract consumers and consequently increase sales. Different channels of advertising such as television, the internet, and magazines have different ways of attracting customers. Representations of the human body in magazines are unique and different compared to other advertising channels.

Images used depict different stereotypical gender roles that create certain images in the minds of consumers, and pass certain messages. The representation of both the male and female body aims to teach consumers certain social cues, which have great impact on them. Representation of both genders applies differently in advertising. Representation of the genders largely depends on the society’s definition of femininity and masculinity.

The male body In many advertisements, representation of men applies in many ways. They apply as physically active, serious, alert, energetic, and conscious to the surroundings. Nudity applies in small scale to depict the strength and valor that masculinity represents. As such, masculine bodies are represented in ways that show their strength, bravery, and valor.

In cases where nudity is used, male bodies with huge muscles and protruding bodily veins are used. Masculine bodies experience full control in advertisements. Images depict men standing upright, hands in pockets, gripping objects tightly with their strong hands, and with eyes open looking attentively. These postures depict seriousness and power. In cases where the male and female bodies appear on the same advertisement, the man is always standing while the women is always sitting or lying on a bed.

This shows the submissive nature of women and the dominating nature of men. The masculine body in advertisements passes the message that men can be all they wish to be. In addition, they encourage men to be tough and brave as that is what defines masculinity. Nudity applies to reveal the strong nature of male bodies. Images used show strong hands and shoulders, strong muscles, and protruding veins on hands.

Image1: Strong hands and muscles (Man is superior and woman is inferior)

The female body

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Representation of the female body is achieved through nudity. The female body applies as the ultimate representation of beauty and vulnerability. It comes across as sexy, seductive, vulnerable, and playful. Nudity is mainly encouraged in representation of female bodies in order to reveal their sexiness. Several body positions apply to depict their powerlessness, sexiness, and submissiveness.

For example, their often representation while sitting on the floor, caressing certain objectives seductively, and playing with objects with their eyes closed. Another representation involves women sitting on beds or chairs looking confused. The female body is controlled by social norms and perceptions that people harbor. In many advertisements, women are depicted as weak and inferior to men. In contrast, men are mostly shown grasping objects while looking serious to show that they are always in control of their lives.

The feminine body is represented as an object of sexual appeal. This applies through nudity. Many advertisements accentuate the curves and certain feminine features through nudity. This is encouraged and widely used within consumer culture. The female body is viewed as a source of pleasure for consumers. In order to create and depict perfection, many images are manipulated using highly advanced technologies such as Photoshop.

Image 3: vulnerable, nude, and seductive

Image 4: touching herself, and seductive

In Killing Us Softly 4, there is a lot of gender stereotyping. Even though it passes intended messages, it depicts women in negative light. Women are not objects of sex appeal and pleasure as depicted.

Conclusion Advertisements apply to attract consumers through different representations of masculine and feminine bodies. The male body is represented as strong, powerful, and dominant. In contrast, the female body is represented as sexy, seductive, vulnerable, weak, and an object of pleasure. Advertisements pass different messages depending on the mental images that advertisers wish to create in the minds of consumers.

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The Chinese Art-piece “Spouted Ritual Water Vessel” Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Formal Perspective The Chinese art-piece, which will be discussed in this paper, is the Spouted Ritual Water Vessel from the 7th-6th century B.C. (IMG_4028.JPG). The piece’s utilitarian purpose is concerned with its ability to hold liquids. It features a rather elongated spout and richly decorated handle and supporting legs.

The latter resemble of what could have been the legs of some mythical animal. The vessel’s outer sides also feature a fair amount of decorative elements. In its turn, this implies that there is indeed a good rationale to think of this particular art-piece, as such that has been greatly treasured by the affiliates of the concerned historical period in China. The fact that, as it can be seen on the picture, there are no signs of any visible wear on this water vessel, suggests that it has been used on rare occasions.

Technical perspective Given the actual material, out of which the Spouted Ritual Water Vessel was made (bronze), we can well assume that, in terms of a technological development, the ancient Chinese were not falling behind ancient Greeks, for example. Apparently, in order to be able to produce bronze, people are supposed to possess a certain awareness of what happens when copper is being alloyed with tin.

This, however, can only be the case with those who have evolved to the point of being able to maintain a civilization of their own. The validity of this statement can also be illustrated in regards to the fact that, as the image of the Spouted Ritual Water Vessel points out too, its creators thoroughly mastered the technology of a lost-wax casting.

In essence, this technology is being concerned with artists making a wax-mold of whatever the object that they intend to produce, allowing a gypsum-cast to form around it, and filling the obtained cast with molten bronze. It is understood, of course, that the earlier mentioned technology implies that its affiliates, at the time of an ancient antiquity, were utterly industrious people, fully capable of remaining on the path of progress.

Social perspective The Spouted Ritual Water Vessel has been mainly used for a variety of ritual purposes, such as symbolizing the fluidity of one’s life, during the course of religious ceremonies. The item’s rich ornamentation validates the legitimacy of this suggestion, as it implies the vessel’s high value, which in turn sheds doubts on the idea that the concerned art-piece could have been used as an ordinary household article.

The earlier provided suggestion presupposes that it was primarily the members of the China’s ruling class/nobility, for whom the Spouted Ritual Water Vessel was meant to serve initially. This is because the item’s rich decorations imply that, along with having been considered ‘sacred’, it has also been deemed utterly expensive.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Given the fact that there can be only a few doubts, in regards to the vessel’s significance, as a ritual item, we can well assume that it was primarily during the time of a religious worshiping that this art-piece used to be put in a practical use.

The vessel’s another use could have been concerned with helping diseased people to feel thoroughly ‘accommodated’ in the afterlife. For this purpose, the item would have been placed in the coffin along with the diseased individual. The soundness of this statement can be shown, in regards to how the ancient Chinese used to reflect upon the meaning of death.


The Advertisement to Attract Organizational Leaders Essay essay help online: essay help online

Automobile industry is one of the most developed economic sectors in the world, thus, any innovations in the field can contribute to the growth of your profits if you focus on expanding to a country which can be discussed as a right choice.

Follow the successful experience of such giants of the automobile industry as Renault, Volkswagen, and Nissan and provide your organizations with a chance to achieve the similar successes. If your company is growth-minded and it is focused on expansion globally, Spain is the effective choice to complete your goals. Pay attention to many advantages of the Spanish market to start your organizational expansion successfully:

1) Spanish economy is traditionally discussed as rather mature because of the progress in the spheres of transportation and infrastructure and because of the high health and educational status of the country’s population. Being the member of the European Union, the economy of Spain can be discussed as protected from significant negative changes and extreme consequences of the global economic crisis.

2) The situation in Spain can be characterized with references to the positive macro-economic environment appropriate to stimulate the organizational expansion to the country. The economic growth rates demonstrate positive changes dependent on the general progress of the country in relation to its economic and social stability and progress.

Wealth of society increases along with the people’s positive attitude toward free enterprises (Spain: Index of Economic Freedom 2013, 2013). Thus, you will be provided with an opportunity to establish strong business relations with new partners within the industry because of the positive impact of the macro-economic factors on the automobile industry’s development.

3) It is important to focus on the increased profitability of the automobile industry in Spain because of the prolonged tradition to develop this industry and to contribute to investing.

The automobile industry in Spain develops according to the principles of the controlled public spendings and investment freedom associated with business freedom in order to provide the companies with the opportunities to work to gain profits. While gaining profits in Spain, the company’s leaders can speak about the successful organizational expansion which is usually not the final goal, but the effective method to achieve it.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More 4) The legal nature of the country is also important. The rule of law is the main requirement to expand business activities to Spain. The country is open to intensive investment and associated trade relations, thus, the economy of the country and the development of industries should be based on the rule of law. Spanish judiciary can be evaluated as rather independent and contributing to the economic development of many industries (Spain: Index of Economic Freedom 2013, 2013).

In order to receive the opportunity to use extensive economic advantages associated with the organizational expansion, it is necessary to evaluate all the strengths and weaknesses of the process and to concentrate on the appropriate choice (Tarn


Critical thinking Essay a level english language essay help

The concept of utility takes an important place in the economic theory. In context of marketing, the theory of utility is used in practice in order to facilitate the sales of the company and to adjust the business plan with the market demand and customers preferences. The concept of utility plays a vital role in the small firms functioning as well.

“Utility is the use or satisfaction a person gets from a product” (What is marketing?, n.d., p.14). Taking into account that the search and satisfaction of customers needs are the fundaments in the profitability and overall effectiveness of the business, the efforts should be made by the firm to find the market segment in which it can provide utility to the customers. In this respect, it would be logical to quote John Mackey, co-founder and CEO of Whole Foods Market, who says

“For us, our most important stakeholder is not our stockholders, it is our customers. We’re in the business to serve the needs and desires of our core customer base” (Boone, 2012, p. 39).

The theory usually defines the four types of utility: form, time, place, and possession. However, the task utility is sometimes marked out by marketers. It assumes providing some service to the customer.

In order to define which types of utility are relevant to the small firms, we need to consider the market structure in which they mostly operate. Boone (2012) states that the “traditional economic analysis views competition as a battle among companies in the same industry (direct competition) or among substitutable goods (indirect competition)” (p.65-66).

The majority of small businesses function under the conditions of monopolistic competition defined as the market structure with the numerous competitors selling differentiated products (Monopolistic competition, n.d.). In order to survive, the firms must differentiate their product to make it stands out on the market by emphasizing the benefits it can provide to customers.

There are four types of utility relevant to small businesses: form, time, possession, and task. The place utility may also add value to the small firms’ products but its role is substantially lesser in comparison with the other four and it rarely contributes to the good or service differentiation of the small businesses.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Form Utility assumes that “a product must be processed into a form that the customer wants or needs” (What is marketing?, n.d., p.14). For example, bakeries, delicatessens, or cafes benefit consumers by selling them products ready for use; they turn the separate ingredients into the integral product. The customization of good is one of the features of the form utility (Winsor et al., 2004). That is why the form utility prevails in the monopolistic competition.

Possession utility establishes legal ownership of a product which is supported by the receipt (What is marketing?, n.d., p.15). For instance, a lot of small businesses operating in e-commerce provide the customers with the opportunity to use the debit electronic payment systems such as PayPal. The use of the system simplifies the process of payment, thus creating benefit to the customer.

“Time Utility could be described as being in the right place at the right time when a customer is ready to purchase a product” (What is marketing?, n.d., p.16). Undoubtedly, the debit electronic payment systems also represent the bright examples of the method of saving time while making a transaction. Besides, a lot of small businesses place their retail outlets nearby the potential customers’ residence. In such a way, they save the free time of customers who do not have to spend hours to get to the bakery, for instance.

Finally, the task utility adds value by providing customers with special services. For example, the customers go to hairdressing or the beauty salon because they do not possess certain skills.

In summary, the understanding of the customers needs plays an important role in the survival of the small firms. It is the factor that motivates them to add value to their products by using form, possession, task, and time utilities.

References Boone, L. E. (2012). Contemporary marketing, 16th edition. Stamford, USA: Cengage Learning.

Monopolistic competition. (n.d.). Retrieved from

We will write a custom Essay on Critical thinking specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Winsor, R. D., Sheth, J. N.


Portfolio Project: A Case of Nestle Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Introduction Nestle is the largest food company in the world, with its presence stretching to more than 80 countries and manufacturing facilities numbering about 450. The company has registered great success that is showcased in its elaborate structure and physical establishments across six continents of the globe. Nestle has dealt with one controversy after another in its course of operation. The most pronounced controversy involved the marketing of infant formula, mainly in third world nations.

The company’s bottled water brand also faced controversies over its alleged purity in some developing countries. This paper analyzes the company’s controversies and the corrective measures undertaken to rectify the situation, making a comparison of international management theories. The paper also includes a personal opinion on how the organization managed the issues through. The paper finally reflects on how managers can prevent similar issues in the future.

The Management Issues Infant formula marketing controversy

Nestle Corporation was embroiled in controversy in 1977 when the company’s management sought to increase the sale of infant formula brand within the developing nations. Groups in opposition to Nestlé’s plan raised concerns over the firm’s idea to offer breastfeeding mothers the infant formula to act as a substitute to the breast milk.

A global call for a boycott of the company and its products, mainly the infant formula, was organized by groups that argued that substituting breast milk with the infant formula led to suffering and even deaths of babies, particularly in the developing countries (Boyd, 2012).

The anti-Nestle groups, including Save the Children and International Baby Food Action Network, insisted on the unrivaled benefits of breast milk to babies. They accused Nestle of cheating mothers to make huge profits. Several other prominent organizations and bodies in the world, including the World Health Organization (WHO) (Heath, 1997), joined the activist groups in rallying for the global boycott of Nestlé’s infant formula. These bodies termed the milk a baby killer.

Ethical management issue

Nestlé’s management failed to consider the ethical question when it sanctioned the questionable marketing of its infant formula. The least developed countries, compared to the developed world, still suffer from many infrastructural and developmental challenges.

These countries lack sufficient refrigeration services, suffer from lack of sanitary conditions, and experience impure water supplies. The management ignored ethical practice and consideration by insisting on bottle-feeding as the best alternative for mothers and babies living in such countries (Carroll


Choice essay help online free

After viewing the “CSI and Toxicology” videos, you will provide a commentary of your reaction to the videos and the contents therein. Your reaction paper will be written in a scholarly tone, making any references you identified from the videos relevant to the chapter readings and any prior knowledge you have about the topic.
These videos last 3 mins total for all of them they arent long.