Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The term cognitive dissonance which is associated with Leon Festinger came into existence in 1957. It is used to describe a psychologically disturbing state or imbalance that occurs when there is inconsistency about various cognitions on a thing. The most common examples of inconsistent cognitions are the awareness that smoking is harmful to the health, the belief that it is pleasurable and the urge to smoke.
Cognitive dissonance motivates actions to reduce dissonance. Cognitive dissonance theory argues that individuals possess cognitive elements about themselves, their past behavior, their beliefs and attitudes and their environments. Consonance is said to occur when one cognitive element follows from another.
If one does not follow another, they are said to be dissonant and this creates psychological tension referred to as cognitive dissonance. Since cognitive dissonance is associated with psychological disturbances, individuals change the dissonant cognitive elements to reduce dissonance. Cognitive dissonance takes place after individuals make decisions and before efforts to reduce dissonance are made.
Analysis Most people ask themselves whether the qualities or characteristics of services can influence the possibility of cognitive dissonance. This can be addressed by looking at some of the things that characterise services. They include intangibility, inseparability, lack of faith and perishability. It is believed that these characteristics of services, the marketing problems that emerge and marketing strategies used in dealing with problems encountered cause cognitive dissonance among consumers of services
Intangibility leads to lack of protection through patents and makes it difficult to display or communicate services. These problems do not only make marketers uncomfortable but also the consumers. It is more difficult to evaluate services than it is to evaluate goods. As consumers purchase services, they face more risks than the ones they face when purchasing consumer goods. Intangibility therefore increases the difficulty of making the decision to purchase and the perceived risks involved in the process of purchasing .
Inseparability poses a challenge in that it forces the customer to be involved in production. It is also a problematic idea in that once customers get involved in production; it becomes difficult to produce services on a mass scale at a central location. In addition, the provider is seen as the service itself, something which is disadvantageous. Dissatisfaction as a result of the services received causes customers to feel responsible for the problem.
This is however different when they purchase the goods. Customers play an important role in satisfactory delivery of the service. As a result, they may have more complaints with regard to services than the goods. Special requests by customers may also be associated with varying prices for the same product. Such problems are believed to cause variability in the type of services the customers get thus initiating cognitive dissonance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Perishability implies that it is not possible to keep inventories of services. Charging different prices to different customers is often the strategy used by marketers to avoid losing revenue. In addition, they use contests, coupons and premiums. An increase in the variability of service prices which is a marketing strategy used to respond to perishability increases the likelihood of cognitive dissonance among consumers of perishable goods.
Although cognitive dissonance has been discussed in different types of literature, it does not have a reliable scale to measure it. However, it can be assessed using a 22-item scale immediately after purchase. In the past, different indirect measures have been used to find out the occurrence of cognitive dissonance. In addition, more direct measures such as physiological measures have also been used.
The process of developing a scale for measuring cognitive dissonance starts with an exploration of the cognitive dissonance domain. Since there are various definitions and distinctions of the concept, researchers have attempted to develop a scale that can measure both the cognitve and emotional aspects of dissonance in the post purchase and pre-use phase of consumption.
The first stage in the development of the scale is the scale item generation. This involves generating a total pool of more than hundred dissonance items from exploratory research involving four focus groups with consumers. The validity of the content is then assessed by consumer behavior experts who are given the emotional and cognitive definitions of dissonance used in the study.
During the process of scale development, the adequacy with which a specified domain of content is sampled is a major consideration. Scale item generation is followed by the first stage of data collection and purification. Since the first stage alone is not enough, it is followed by the second stage of data collection and purification.
These processes are believed to establish important facts associated with cognitive dissonance. Dissonance follows a personal decision but may take place throughout the whole process of decision making and may never disappear completely. Its presence, magnitude and effects should be studied in all stages of the decision making process .
Consumer behavior is usually an interesting area to focus on. It involves a clear understanding of the psychology of the buyer and external influences such as culture, reference groups, family and social class. However, it is fortunate that there is basic knowledge about consumer behavior that exists and can be used by industries to make important decisions. Cognitive dissonance theory states that at some points, there are bits of relevant cognitions which may not be consistent with one another.
We will write a custom Essay on Cognitive Dissonance specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The theory appears fascinating to most researchers and practitioners since it presents marketing implications which appear to contradict tradition. For instance, advertising is intended at converting potential customers into buyers and once sales are made, the business comes to an end. Dissonance theory on the other hand implies that the purpose of advertising starts after a consumer buys the product.
Advertising only facilitates the attempt to rationalize the choice by the attractiveness of the brand the customer chooses. For instance, companies that advertise their goods are believed to make more sales since reading advertisements instigates the buying behavior.
However, the dissonance theory predicts otherwise by arguing that the buyers of a product tend to read advertisements more often than those who do not buy the product. According to cognitive dissonance theory, when one brand is chosen more by customers, its rank position goes upward while the rejected brand goes downwards (Oshikawa, 1969).
Conclusion There is the need for more research to be conducted on the area of cognitive dissonance and the ever increasing importance of services. Services have been impacting the world economy in an enormous manner. Earlier reasearchers have also indicated the need to conduct more research on cognitve dissonance. They argue that it is of great concern since majority of consumers exhibit some form of dissonance occasioned by many factors.
References Oshikawa, S. (1969) can cognitive dissonance theory explain consumer behavior? Journalof Marketing, 33(4), 44-49.
Interrogation techniques of the French in Algeria Case Study best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Rationalization of Torture
The Cost of torture
Introduction During the mid 1950s, the Front de Liberation Nationale (FNL), also referred to as National Liberation Front, declared an armed struggle for the emancipation of the Algerian people. This was an armed group that fought for the liberation of Algeria from its French colonial masters. This was followed by well coordinated attacks against key French installations throughout the country.
This resulted to the French launching retaliatory attacks, which led to the great Algerian war that lasted for almost a decade from 1954 to 1962. By the time the war ended, the French administration had already committed more than half a million soldiers to suppress the uprising against its colonial rule. This was a war that combined revolutionary uprising tactics from the revolutionist and state instigated torture from the French administration (St. John, 2006).
During the battle for Algiers, as the war is famously known, the French administration was highly criticized for using unconventional methods of interrogation against the National Liberation Front. Some of these strategies made use of human-powered power generators that were used to induce torture to obtain vital information about the FLN’s uprising strategies (Morgan, 2005).
Torture Torture can simply be defined as the deliberate inducement of severe psychological, physical, and emotional pain in a show of cruelty. It is also a strategy of intimidation, or a measure of administering revenge and punishment. Torture is also a device of retrieving information or confessions. It is also used to deter the potential aggressors. Torture is not new in history.
For ages, torture has existed in cases of differences in power, authority, and control. Historically, it has been viewed as a major theme in political, religious, and military conflicts. Torture is also well evidenced in the community context through acts of child abuse, rape and incest, domestic abuse and neglect of the elderly. There are various forms of torture, but the two main forms are psychological and physical torture.
Physical torture is the most common form of torture and can be very brutal. It may be visible to the naked eye or sometimes it may be very difficult to detect. This depends on the strategies employed to administer the torture. Psychological torture is not widely known to the general public. Psychological torture is very subtle in its approach and is far much easier to hide than physical torture. Perpetrators of the heinous acts often adopt both physical and psychological torture in their mission (Suedfeld, 1990).
The Rationalization of Torture There is no acceptable reason, opinion or answer that can be given to justify the use of torture in interrogation of individuals. The bottom line is that torture is not acceptable. According to research carried out on torture and interrogation, it was revealed that individuals are stimulated or forced to talk because of the threat of physical violence against them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, it was also revealed that, in all occasions of physical torture, the interrogators did not get the information they were seeking. Sometimes interrogators may get the correct information, but this is not guaranteed (Fritz, 2003).
The justification of the questioning models used by the French military during the fight against insurgency in Algeria can be viewed differently. The chief of intelligence at the time was known as the French General Aussaresses. He supported the use of torture claiming that it was very useful in the efforts to crash the insurgence. However, he admitted that most of the insurgence barely retreated to the hills only to return during the withdrawal of French forces from Algeria.
He argued that, the most efficient way to obtain information from a terrorist, who was adamant not to disclose any information, was through torture. From a utilitarian perspective, it was necessary and justifiable to safeguard and provide security to the majority against a minority terrorist group. In this case, torture against the terrorist group can be validated for the good of the society at large.
A top French military official, Col. Mathieu, emphasized to his soldiers that they should first identify the enemy and then destroy him. Algiers was inhabited by over 400,000 Arabs at that time, and only a few individuals engaged in terrorism. Torture was rationalized as the only way to deter a widespread eminent assault on the French people. In this respect, the needs of the French people outweighed that of the militants under French army’s custody (Bufacchi
Higher Education: “Comparing school systems between 1st(USA) and 3rd(Zimbabwe) world countries Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents The problem
Demographics of the problem
Effects and Impacts
Curing/reducing the problem
The problem Drug and alcohol abuse is a social problem that causes a person to use substance in a pattern that is dangerous to health and that which causes distress. Usually, drug abuse can lead to drug addiction a problem associated with a disparaging pattern of substance abuse.
Addicted persons find it to be difficult to stop using drugs hence subjecting themselves to immense torture. Drug abuse is both common in higher learning institutions both in third and the first world countries. The aim of drug users is to attain pleasure. Many use drugs in order to avoid their problems, for example, poverty and family issues (Wilson
Role of Codes of Conduct in Child Labour Practice Essay argumentative essay help
According to Webley and Le Jeune (2005), a code of conduct is simply a formal policy document which has been established by a corporation, with the aim of defining its responsibilities towards its key stakeholders and the nature of conduct which the organisation would expect of its work force. In other words, these are the set standards governing the behavior of stakeholders and employees within an organisation.
Codes of conduct have always proved to be essential in the modern business environment, where they are employed in guiding the behavior of key operational units within organisations (Kolk 2002). Effective implementation and enforcement of such codes is a crucial part of the global supply chain, since they contribute to efficient and effective performance and productivity of firms.
In this regard, global supply chain managers should always observe serious compliance of the codes, so as to create fair environmental and social conditions for their employees. Despite the dominance which these ethical standards tend to have on modern businesses, there is more than enough evidence that there is still low compliance of the codes by many global supply chain firms across the world. As it will be observed in the following case, the issue of child labour is among the many challenges that have continued to affect the management of modern global supply chains.
While it is the role of managers to oversee the enforcement of ethical requirements and standards in their respective organisations, there is ample evidence that these people are faced by endless ethical dilemmas in their leadership roles. Global supply chain managers constantly come across serious challenges in matters that would require them to deal ethically with their business stakeholders.
As it would be observed, child labour, commonly practiced in most industrialised countries, is arguably among the emerging issues that have continued to affect the management of the global supply chains today. Child labour is a practice whereby underaged children are engaged in economical activities, thus ending up being deprived of their childhood rights and privileges.
In most cases, 14 and below is the age level that specifies someone as a child or a minor in business codes. Many firms in industrialised countries have fully adopted the idea of child labour as a form of competitive advantage, considering the incessant pressures of heightening market competition and economical globalisation (Egels-Zanden 2007).
Even though the practice is likely to generate immense benefits to firms and the working families, it brings serious effects on children. One of the many implications associated with the practice is that it denies the kids an opportunity to attain important requirements of life, such as education.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Other possible effects of child labour is that, children are under the threat of getting exposed to bad working conditions, and this could sometimes result to unbearable psychological and emotional pressure. It is for these reasons why many countries across the world have come up with child protection programmes and initiatives that would help in keeping children free from serious potential harm posed by child labour.
There is arguably no doubt that the supplier of toy products in Thailand offers the most favourable business conditions that no firm would dare to reject. For instance, the products from the firm are offered at a fair price, and their quality is equivalent to that of any other highly regarded product in the market.
The most disturbing issue here however is that, the supplier lacks a real work production sector of its own and it relies on an organised external production, where child labour is highly applied in the assembling of the toy products. As it is evident from the episode where a group of six children, aged between 5 and 14, are observed to work cheerfully along their parents in assembling the products, there is no doubt that the same case also applies to minors in all the other homes where the exercise takes place.
The assurance by the sales manager that this was common practice in the region is a clear manifestation that child labour was at rife here, regardless of the existing labour laws intended to protect the children. This engagement is quite significant, since it enables the company to meet the heightening global demands of toy products. This way, it is very obvious that the firm is non-compliant to the labour laws advocating against child labour, which have been set by the government.
It has been observed that the idea of child labour is not only common in the industrialised countries, but also in some developing countries where low-cost suppliers have to deal with the unbearable pressure of selling their products at a low cost to the Western countries (Preuss 2009).
In that case, the low-cost suppliers are left with no other option, but to engage children in child labour, in order to meet the desired market price levels. It is estimated that there are more than 200 million underaged labourers around the world, and this is a clear indication that the practice is still a global phenomenon that needs to be eradicated.
It is time modern business organisations engaged in positive corporate initiatives and standards, as they are expressed through focused code of conducts that fully enforce the fundamentals of labour laws relevant to child labour (Hindman and Smith 1999). This appears to be the biggest problem that can be associated with the potential manufacturer of Thai.
We will write a custom Essay on Role of Codes of Conduct in Child Labour Practice specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The manufacturing process of the firm is well guaranteed, since there is an effective source of labour from both grown ups and children. This could be more satisfying to those people who’d be seeking fast delivery services. Moreover, doing business with the Thai supplier may also be a promising deal in terms of cost savings, among other long-term benefits.
Nonetheless, there is no decent global chain supplier manager who would like to be a perpetrator of child abuse in this manner, considering the many implications this would impose on the future generation. It would not be morally right for any decent firm to work with business partners who engage in child labour practices.
In this regard, managers should implement initiatives that are aimed at eradicating child labour practices, instead of encouraging them. The people in managerial positions should also condemn the practice by wishing to see other children grow and develop in the same way like their own children.
Among other key tasks, product managers are faced with the responsibility of ensuring that their firms do acquire high quality products at a reasonable cost (Sobczak 2003). However, they should not just see the quality of products or even the price at which the products are offered, but also the grounds under which the products are processed.
It is always wise for product managers to take a broader perspective on the issue of ethical codes as it is applied at the supplier level, and try being compliant to the fundamentals of the labour laws, as they are enforced by different countries.
It has been argued that, some industrialised and developing countries have constantly engaged in unrealistic forms of developments through the engagement of underage children in key economic sectors. As a result of the surging influence of the global market, children under the age of fourteen in developed and developing countries have massively been drawn to industrial economical activities, where they are expected to play a predominant role in various systems of production.
Presently, many countries are against the economics and practices of child labour, and have fully come out to condemn the practice by advocating for fundamental children rights, through effective labour laws. Even though it would be a good idea to actively involve children in innovative and creativity matters, this privilege should not be used to compromise their freedom in any way.
Currently, the practice of child labour is associated with many problems. For instance, there are serious concerns about the issue all over the globe, and this sends a warning signal to any organisation which continues to employ the unethical practice in its productivity missions. This unethical practice could pose serious legal problems to managers and their firms once discovered, and this could mean a tarnished business reputation for the involved organisations.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Role of Codes of Conduct in Child Labour Practice by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is for these reasons why business organisations allover the world are constantly advised to consider adopting codes of conduct that would not only enable them achieve their business objectives in an effective way, but ones that would also protect their image and reputation among their external stakeholders (Radin 2004).
Those labour laws which have been effectively expressed through the codes of an organisation are certain to play a crucial role in guiding the firm through its business objectives. Children have the right to be protected from any form of activity that deprives them of their rights, and it is therefore every child’s right to acquire education as a compulsory requirement, among other basic requirements. Honestly, it would not be a good idea for the firm to get involved with business partners who are still practicing child labour.
Reference List Egels-Zanden, N 2007, ‘Suppliers Compliance with MNCs Codes of Conduct: Behind the Scenes at Chinese Toy Suppliers’, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 75 no. 10, pp. 45-62.
Tender Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Evertone Limited is a reputable company that specializes in the provision of hearing aid equipment. It operates in the industry that is dominated by other companies, among them Widex, Starky, Bernafon, Oticon, Phonak, Siemens and Sonic Innovation.
Since competition is a reality that is anticipated in any industry, Everton has the responsibility of proving its worth and distinguishing itself from the rest of the competitors (Griffin, 2012). The company has the capacity to achieve strategic competitive advantage in the marketplace hence it is the most appropriate one to be awarded the government tender to provide hearing aid equipment.
Everton is committed towards providing the best hearing aid equipment that cannot be provided by any other company. Some of the equipment it provides include BTE, ITE and CIC. The company has close ties with other overseas companies which supply technically advanced hearing aid equipment manufactured by renowned experts. During the period it has been in the business, it has always provided hearing aid equipment that is easy to use.
Provision of high quality products earns companies good reputation (Miner, 2009).The quality of the equipment supplied by the company is also high since no technical problems are usually reported once the products are delivered to the users. According to its past performance, the company provides products that can always be relied on
Everton is a financially stable company with a strong capital base. This can be attributed to many years it has been in business and the reasonable profit it makes. This makes it the most appropriate company for the tender. Some companies lack enough capital to run their affairs, something that makes them unable to honor the conditions of a contract (Reh, 2012). However, this is not the case with Everton since it follows the conditions of contracts strictly and shares risks with the government departments due to its strong financial background.
Giving Everton the tender to supply hearing aid equipment has positive financial implications. In awarding a tender to the company, it is important to compare the value of the product in relation to its useful life during the period of the contract. Since the company imports its equipment from other reputable companies, it is expected to function for a long period of time. The department is therefore able to make its contract price adjustments without any problems.
Government tenders are expected to initiate positive economic development and serve the community in different ways (Hutt
Comparing the U.S. and Canadian Health Care Systems Essay essay help free: essay help free
The USA and Canada are two countries which are closely located to each other. It is essential to know that having a similar border, these countries also have a number of similarities, however, the differences are so numerous, that it is impossible to dwell about any similarity. It is possible to dwell upon many different aspects and to compare and contrast various issues in US and Canadian life, however, healthcare is considered as one of the most essential topics for discussion.
The choice of the healthcare as the point for discussion is chosen with the purpose to understand how two bordering countries which have to interconnect and relate on each other differ in such global questions as healthcare, however, the similarities are also present and the fact that Canadian healthcare changer were completed after the American ones makes us think that Canada borrowed some points from the American healthcare reform.
Lasser, Himmelstein, and Woolhandler (2006) conducted a thorough research where they compared and contrasted “health status, access to care, and utilization of medical services in the United States and Canada, and compared disparities according to race, income, and immigrant status” (p. 1). The researchers referred to 3505 Canadians and 5183 Americans in their research. Much attention was paid to gender, age, income, race, and immigration status.
The multivariate analysis was used. The research started in November 2002 and lasted up to the March 2003. The telephone survey was applied. Therefore, those who are too poor to have a telephone were undersampled. The researchers identified the age of the respondents, their income and race to compare and contrast the healthcare status. Moreover, the place of birth was considered along with the level of education.
The research gives a good picture for understanding of the relation of the countries to the healthcare of people and the equality in treatment. Neither America nor Canada provide equal healthcare for different layers of population. The difference is based on the income and race. Neither age more the place of birth affect the level of healthcare quality. Generally, Canadians get more quality healthcare than US citizens.
Pointing to some of the most misbalanced aspects in the research results, the following may be referred to. About 13.6% of Americans lead sedentary lifestyle, while the same mode of life is inherent to 6.5% of Canadians. The chronic illness prevalence in the USA and in Canada is as follows, about 6.7% of Americans have diabetes in comparison to 4.7% of Canadians. About 7% of Americans and Canadians suffer from asthma.
Hypertension bothers about 18.3% of Americans and 13.9% of Canadians. 17.9% of Americans suffer from arthritis in comparison to 16% of Canadians. Heart diseases are the reason for concern of 5.9% of Americans and 5.5% of Canadians. Major depression Americans and Canadians suffer during the in past year affect 8.7% and 8.2% respectively.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The general conclusions of the research are as follows, the Canadian healthcare is much better than the American one. The respondents in the USA reported about rare cases of regular doctor arrival, therefore, the unmet health needs in the USA were higher.
It is essential that Americans were more likely to refuse from needed medicine than Canadians. The differences in healthcare and treatment based on gender, age, income, race, and immigration status were noticed in both countries, however, more extreme cases were seen in the USA.
Reference List Lasser, K. E., Himmelstein, D. U.,
Wars of religion and consolidation in France Essay cheap essay help
There were specific periods of time in the historic period of France when religion was a real problem for its citizens. France was occupied by the war on religion during almost four decades since 1562 up to 1598. There were three great periods of the war which were held during 1562 – 1576 (the first part of the war), 1572 – 1588 (wars of religion and the Saint Bartholomew massacre), and 1588 – 1598 (wars of religion and the Edict of Nantes).
The main powers in this war of religions were the Protestants, the Huguenots, the Catholics, who combated for domination in France. Religion had never been an essential political instrument until 1562? However, during the further 40 years religion became important factor for political issues.
Fighting for domination, kings did used religion as the instrument but not as the final purpose of the wars, the main reasons of which were the financial, structural and personality weaknesses of the monarchy, factional rivalry between the major families of France who supported different religious confessions, and economic depression.
Guise family, the Bourbons and the Montmorency-Chatillons were three families which fought for the domination in the country. According to the heredity, Catherine de Medici took the throne and her Catholic views were supported by the Guise family who were nor satisfied with the increase of the Protestants influence and led an army against a protestant church in Champagne.
Catherine de Medici was interested in maintaining balance between these two religions, however, it was not in the interest of Guise family who wanted to gain the power in the country. However, Catherine de Medici managed to find the balance between Catholics and Protestants in 1570, however, the war was resumed in 1572 by executing several thousand Huguenots in Paris.
Therefore, the third religion was involved in the war. The wars between such powers as Protestants, Catholics and Huguenots ended in 158 when “the Edict of Nantes granted freedom of worship to the whole of France” (Wars of Religion in France). The signature of the Treaty of Vervins between France and Spain completely finished the wars of religion in the country.
Trying to analyze the real reasons for the wars, it is obvious that e first war of religion was caused by the political opposition of the great powers in the country. The second war of religion more reminded the national revolt for liberty and only the third war may be considered as a real war of religion as by that time the confrontation between different religions was really devastating and something should be done to balance those (Kingdon 170).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The final stage of the religions war was provoked by the permission for Protestants to follow their religious canons everywhere in France except Paris. Many sides in the country were dissatisfied with the decisions. Holt Concludes that “the real legacy of the French Wars of religion, however, was that this rhetoric of absolutism co-existed with the increased social polarization between rich and poor that resulted from the civil wars themselves” (Holt 222).
Trying to reconsider the events which took place in France during the wars of religion, it is possible to conclude that the lengthy war period was crated by the monarchs and their inability to maintain order in the society. Fighting for the power and the throne, monarchs forgot about people and their needs. The wars of religion were possible only when the crown was shared and one political power won (Knecht 90).
This case supports one more time the idea that religion is usually used as the power for ruling people in personal political games. Considering the result of the wars, some people may think that the Edict of Nantes and the Treaty of Vervins managed to solve the religious problems. However, this is not really correct as these measures were taken to stop active war actions (as the political powers did not need this instrument in their battle any more) and renew the invasion of Catholic ideas through the country.
Therefore, it may be concluded that the wars of religion in France were nothing but the political instrument in hands of monarchs. Trying to solve personal issues, the powerful families of France appeared before the choice of the fighting strategy. Some additional issues which may be considered as the pushing aspects of the affair just supported the desire of the powerful families to use religion as the means for making people inspired by the idea and to fight for the interests of a concrete political power.
It should be stated that religious issues always exist and there is no country where the problem of religion is not put at edge, however, some governments manage to maintain balance between different religions in the country to make sure that all citizens remain satisfied, However, if one has a desire to use religion as the instrument, he/she can always do it being inspired by the great example of the wars of religion in France between 1562-1598.
Works Cited Holt, Mack P. The French Wars of Religion, 1562-1629, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Print.
Kingdon, Robert McCune. Geneva and the Consolidation of the French Protestant Movement, 1564-1572: A Contribution to the History of Congregationalism, Presbyterianism and Calvinist Resistance Theory. New York: Librairie Droz, 1967. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Wars of religion and consolidation in France specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Knecht, Robert. The French Religious Wars 1562-1598. New York: Osprey Publishing, 2002. Print.
“Wars of Religion in France.” France This Way, 2012, web, 11 Sept. 2012, https://www.francethisway.com/history/warsofreligion-a.php
Marketing Plan-Competitor’s Analysis Report (Assessment) writing essay help: writing essay help
With this evaluation, one can establish the source of uniqueness in a company’s product or service offering and, therefore, what attributes the company should play up in order to attract the target market. Panera Bread, in the intention of entering the Australian market, must carry out a comprehensive, competitive analysis (Sandler and Keefe, 2005. Pg. 49).
Location For Panera Bread to succeed in the Australian market, it has to have a clear picture of the locations of the stores of all the leading competitors. First, Gloria Jean’s Coffees has over 480 coffee stores in Australia. Secondly, McDonald’s in Australia had a total of 811 outlets at the end of 2010. Finally, Baker’s Delight has some 122 store locations in Australia. Panera Bread, to succeed in the new market, must invest in setting up a large number of outlets in the key areas of Australia (Lesser, 2005. Pg. 75).
Layout Layout is about the configuration of departments, work centres, and equipment, with particular emphasis on movement of work, customers or materials, through the system (Crall, 2004. Pg. 88). In July 2011, Gloria Jeans introduced an open format store layout that is more relaxed, spacious and puts the coffee machine on display. Both McDonald/McCafe and Bakers Delight have invested in developing layout that has comfortable chairs, with groupings of tables and chairs.
Panera Bread’s layout, on the other hand, includes an average of 4600 square feet of space per outlet. The introduction of a new G-2 café design further enhances the appeal of Panera as warm and appealing to customers. The new design has cosier seats and a brighter and more open display case. Some outlets even have fire places. This is a considerable achievement compared to the competitors (Carysforth, 2006. Pg. 99).
Food/service quality The quality of service and food is the main feature that attracts customers to fast food eating places. McDonald’s drew in customers with its “healthier choices” menu. McDonald’s products carried 85 per cent less trans-fat after using a cholesterol-free oil blend. Bakers Delight, on the other hand, uses real ingredients to produce traditional and gourmet breads.
Gloria Jean’s Coffees has high quality gourmet coffee beans and tea shopping with more than 30 flavours of coffees and teas, including gifts and treats. Compared to its competitors, Panera bread has considerable competitive advantage in the quality of its products. Panera Bread’s signature meal, the artisan bread, contains no preservatives or chemicals.
The high qualities of foods at Panera Bread are essential as it enters the Australian market. Panera bread also has over 20 varieties of bread baked throughout the day, promising high quality products. Panera Bread will surely succeed in dominating the market through its quality products and services (Peter and Donelly, 2011. Pg. 306).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Franchise style Gloria Jean’s offers training and marketing support to its franchisees. On the other hand, McDonalds offers a generally recognizable brand for the franchisers. However, the initial franchise cost is too high, averaging $1 million. Bakers Delight offers a 16-20 week competency based training to its franchisees. This includes extensive in-house practical and written training. Their initial franchise cost is AUS$700000.
Panera Bread faces a considerable challenge on the franchising operations. Its requirements aim at the highly capitalised candidates, with a net worth of $7 million. This limits the company, considering that it relies on franchises to penetrate into the new market. On the brighter side, franchisees indicated a high level of satisfaction with Panera Bread Company’s concept, support and leadership (Wilson and Blumenthal, 2009. Pg. 85).
Financial Analysis Panera Bread Company has maintained considerable liquid assets to enable it to open new outlets without taking on large debts. This results in a rise in annual revenues (Hainess, 2009. Pg. 36).
Performance of Panera Bread Panera has awards for being the best restaurant in 36 states across several markets segments. In 2004 ,customers ranked Panera Bread the best fast food restaurants in various parts of the United States. Panera created this nationwide renown through the successful implementation of the company’s business model (Panera Bread Company, 2012).
Marketing Capabilities Panera Bread has displayed various marketing capabilities in the high-risk, competitive and labour intensive restaurant business. The addition of “good carb” breads, antibiotic-free chicken, and an artisan line of sweet goods comprised part of a differentiation strategy (Peter and Donelly, 2011. Pg. 30).
Panera chooses sights and café environment using predictive modelling software. The software enables Panera to make accurate projections of revenues and profitability of possible sites. Because this resource has proven hard to duplicate, the site selection and café environment presents considerable competitive capability. This competitive capability is a strength that gives Panera a competitive advantage (Edwards and Economy, 2009. Pg. 84).
Marketing Strategies of Panera Bread Panera’s marketing strategy entails raising the awareness levels of the company through high quality ads tasty meals. Secondly, Panera boosts awareness and menu trials during meal times. Panera also tries to enhance the view of the restaurants as options for dinner.
We will write a custom Assessment on Marketing Plan-Competitor’s Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The positive financial results of Panera reveal the success of its strategies (Deeter-Schmelz 2010). Other marketing strategies adopted by Panera Bread include competitive pricing, high food quality, menu theme, signature menu selection, dinning ambience and atmosphere, quality service and superior locations (Ferrell and Hartline, 2011. Pg. 167).
Panera Bread Value Chain Analysis Panera’s inbound logistics enables the company owned, and franchise cafés to buy dough at a low cost from the company. Therefore, Panera maintains the cost of the dough at a low cost. Panera provides extensive training to all franchises. This corporate level tactic impacts the company’s franchised and company owned stores by enabling Panera to develop systems used by all the cafés thus applying economies of scale to operations (Deeter, 2010. Pg. 380).
Panera produces dough at central locations to take advantage of economies of scale. Café bakeries buy the fresh dough at low cost. As part of its marketing strategies, all franchisees must submit 0.7% of their gross revenues to fund national advertising. Further, marketing administration and 2% must be spent on local advertising.
Panera ensures effective research and development through rolling out menus in selected outlets prior to carrying out a nationwide promotion. Executional and structural, low cost drivers must be implemented to ensure integrated value effect at Panera. The cost reduction across the value chain gave Panera a strong capability (Friel, 2012, pg. 58).
Conclusion The competitive analysis reveals the various strengths that Panera Bread possess, enabling it to dominate the Australian market. Proper implementation of the strategies in place around the United States will lead to considerable success of Panera Bread in the Australian market segment.
References Carysforth, C. (2006). Business
Education and Identity Essay best college essay help
Introduction Education leads a person towards self discovery. The education process makes a person conscious; this separates one from those who have not gone through an education process. This is because values that are indispensable in the society are instilled; a person gets good basis for an excellent living in the society. Therefore, education is very important, and it is given a great value in most societies. An educated person is placed high in the society; this sets that person apart from other uneducated people.
Education and Self Identity Education brings out a person’s true identity. An educated person will not fear when engaging in activities that benefit the society. This is because the person has enough justifications for all his/her actions. An educated person will weigh all options and choose the best option that explains the choice of the decision made. The identity of such a person will be brought out, and this identity will be good for the whole society; people will seek help and advice from a person whose identity in the society is known.
In addition, this person will feel the need to assist to help the society, and he/she will do this without favoring some groups in society. This person knows the evils of engaging in activities that will divide the society, and one will make sure that the whole society is directed to follow and accept changes that such a person wishes to introduce.
People start attending school at a very early age. They are subjected to the same training; however, some people do well than others. In fact, each person develops certain areas of interest. These distinctions start to form personal identities. People start following disciplines that will help them in future careers. For instance, some people grow to develop great love for scientific disciplines while others develop their talents in artistic disciplines.
These people develop their varied interests; they follow their dreams towards different professions. These people become experts in their respective disciplines; they perform their duties to help other people in the society. For example, doctors help people to overcome ailments and engineers help to construct buildings, roads and other amenities that give people a decent life.
In the education setting, a lot is revealed about a person. Some people have a lot of problems interacting with other people, and this part of their being is revealed. People are placed in the midst of other people, and they are expected to fit in these groups. This gives every person a chance to interact freely with others.
A person who is unable to interact may become a social misfit. This is because these people dislike others, and they fail to follow common laws that guide relationships within the education setting. Consequently, these people do not participate in group activities, and they feel threatened when asked to do some things for the group.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When these people complete their studies, their anti social behavior makes them not fit in the society, and they result in other activities that are destructive. Counselors, instructors, parents and teachers have a responsibility of noting these signs and rectifying them. Acting on such behaviors will help the people affected develop some bond with the society, and they will act for the good of the whole society.
A person’s ambitions are revealed in an education system; when a person interacts with various people, he/she develops some good leadership skills, business skills and artistic skills that help him face life confidently. For instance, some prominent leaders started their leadership in school institutions, and they grew to take those skills to the national and international levels. People with good business skills at school develop to become good business people nationally and internationally.
These identities are reveled in the school, and they guide a person’s life in the following years. A person’s ability to volunteer to do some tasks in school sets this person apart from the rest; this person shows the willingness to assist others. This person has self confidence that is indispensable in any leadership task.
This identity makes people have confidence in a person; people will consult such a person on issues that are vital. They trust this person to do things that are right for the benefit of all. They entrust this person with positions of power and influence.
Education also leads to development of a person’s identity in that a person develops independent thinking. A person is said to develop some autonomy in the society. A person can identify with some things and differ with others. For instance, a person can refute some beliefs in the society and take on other beliefs that are different. A person develops different views in terms of religion.
This person feels that he/she is free to follow a certain religion that fits him/her; he/she may also decide not to follow any religion, and this will be followed by valid evidence. This is because this person has examined various aspects of religion, and he/she has found that they are not good for him. A person also gets to choose what to do and what not to do since he has a right to choose.
A person’s self esteem is raised by education, and a person has the confidence to air grievances openly. This is because this person does not fear intimidation from others; such a person can defend whatever he/she is doing with good reasons. One will also respect the views of other people while trying to make them follow the right direction.
We will write a custom Essay on Education and Identity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More An education that does not help a person to develop self identity has failed. Education has developed people who think independently and do their things in unique ways. People should be able to feel that they are independent in their thinking to be the best they can be. Therefore, education should help people develop self identity since this is a pathway towards achieving their potentialities in unique ways.
Coca Cola Company Report essay help site:edu
Executive summary The food and beverage industry has evolved, over time, to achieve innovation and value addition. Although the global market forces continue to drive its growth, it is evident that consolidation, increased government regulations, and changing consumer preferences have radically impacted the business and manufacturing strategy. Ordinarily, a competitive marketplace requires production of a variety of products to meet consumer demands.
Again, high quality beverage products must be consistent and cost-effective. It occasionally does business plan assessments, and product response by enabling associate planning, training session for tools coupled with active and good performance at the ground level. It also establishes relations with respect to reputation and strategies relating to anchor bottling and franchises to get the process moving.
The Dasani water and Tusker beer market are considered to comprise of customers which are essentially the same. The breakdown and build up method allows analysis of these two markets, one for water and another for beer. A customer who drinks beer also drinks water. Water is life and is taken by everybody. The power of name like tusker and coke greatly affects consumers perceptions hence a name should be memorable by visualizing images thus helping position the product.
The aspect of no-name trap is treacherous to companies. The companies should adopt shorter abbreviations like coke for coca-cola and tusker for tusker lager. The consumers can quickly have translations in their minds. Likewise, Dasani Water Company sees every prospective and new customer who is thirsty as target.
Industry background Foods and beverages industry is recognized as a basic processor supplying an entire consumer circle that has an insatiable appetite to quench thirst and desire. The industry has evolved, over time, to realize innovation and value addition although the global market forces continue to drive its growth (Kuttnig, 2008). It is evident that consolidation, increased government regulations, and changing consumer preferences have radically impacted on the business and manufacturing strategy.
Ordinarily, a competitive market place requires production of a variety of products to meet consumer demands. Again, high quality beverage products must be consistent and cost-effective. Under all circumstances, the industry has been automated to increase safety of workers, environmental responsibility and energy conservation.
The global beverage and food and beverage sector, constitutes farming, retail and catering, food production, distribution (Kuttnig, 2008). In 2008, it was valued at $5.7 trillion USD and is one of the biggest contributors to economic growth with consistent in growth. The industry is anticipated to increase at a 3.5 percent to $7 trillion US Dollars by 2014.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Structure wise, the industry is greatly fragmented with top few players like Unilever, Kraft Foods, and Nestlé producing less than 5 percent of the entire value. Europe constitutes the largest share in the Food and Beverage industry globally, making revenues of $1.4 trillion USD and employing about 4 million workers. Other large scale manufacturers are the US, China and India (Kuttnig, 2008).
Company background Coca-Cola Company is an international company, based in Atlanta, USA. It produces and distributes various drinks across the globe. It was started more than 125 years ago after the commercial and scientific success of John S. Pemberton in 1886. Interestingly, it has undergone evolution in brands and market to sell more than 500 brands to about 1.8 billion people in a day.
The earlier challenges were outpacing competitors but were improved by repackaging and increasing the marketing efforts. Since 1980s, the company has adopted many advertising slogans like ‘coke is it’, ‘always coca-cola’ and ‘open happiness’. It is spread in more than 200 countries with successful market penetration. It has started to produce Dasani water, which becomes the main focus of this report.
East African Breweries Limited (EABL), manufacturing Tusker lager commonly known as Tusker, was started by two brothers Charles and George Hurst. It was formally registered Kenya Breweries in 1922. Its first order was ten cases. Unfortunately, a rogue elephant gouged George Hurst, and to memorize him, the lager was renamed Tusker.
The beer has become East Africa’s celebrated brand over the years for international visitors to East Africa. In the recent past, many airlines flying into East Africa have established a brand-extension to market the brand and provide a market share.
Strategic Marketing Coca Cola Company focuses on its posterity by being in tandem with the dynamic market to create assurance of future presence. It continuously assesses plans of business to enhance greater effectiveness at the ground level. It also builds good relationship in connection to reputation and strategies linked to anchor bottling and franchises for the process implementation. In addition, culture and capabilities are enhanced while engaging other partners in the same field of progress through informed leadership (Dalton, Todoro,
Emotional Intelligence in the Organizational Behavior Context Essay essay help free: essay help free
Introduction Organizations exist in a competitive environment and they have to keep increasing their performance in order to survive. The role played by individual members of the organization to ensure this future survival is great. In addition to the technical skills required by the employees to fulfil their roles in the business, they should also possess interpersonal skills.
Carblis (2008) acknowledges that changing patterns of economic competition have led to greater emphasis in “soft” skills which include: personal attributes of teamwork, work ethics, flexibility, and ease of adaptation to change. These desirable interpersonal skills can be conceptualized within the context of emotional intelligence competencies. This paper will set out to critically review Emotional Intelligent (EI) and evaluate the arguments made for and against this concept.
What is Emotional Intelligence? The concept of emotional intelligence was first introduced by Peter Salovey and John Mayer in 1990 where they highlighted it as a form of social intelligence that is different from general intelligence. According to them, Emotional Intelligence is defined as the ability of an individual to “perceive accurately, appraise, and express emotion; access and generate feelings when they facilitate thought; understand emotion and emotional knowledge; and the ability to regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth” (Yaghoubi and Hadi 2011, 120).
Emotional intelligence has been shown to play a role in the way in which people develop in their personal and professional lives. It has an impact on the social skills of the person and it determines the manner in which the individual handles frustration, coexists with other people and also controls his/her emotions.
Researchers agree that emotional intelligence is the element that differentiates an intelligent manager from a brilliant one. EI will dictate how the person responds to emotionally challenging situations, how he/she deals with other people and their understanding of other people’s emotions. The significance given to EI is demonstrated by Yaghoubi and Hadi (2011, 120) who reveal that while traditional IQ contributes only 20% to a person’s success, emotional quotient contributes 80%.
Relevance of Emotional Intelligence To Individuals
The leadership ability of an individual is greatly impacted by the EI. High EI will enable the leader to rightfully gauge the mood of the staff or team and act appropriately. Low EI might cause the leader to be insensitive to the mood of the followers and this will lead to frustration and lower the output of the team (Wilson 2004, 237). This is because followers are likely to give their best efforts to the organization if they feel that their leader is genuinely concerned about them and is sensitive to their needs.
All employees incur varying amounts of stress as they engage in their work. This stress has an effect on job performance with research indicating that job stress is negatively related to job performance (Yu-Chi 2011, 28). However, individual difference variables also determine how stress will affect the job performance of the person.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Research by Yu-chi (2011, 29) demonstrated that emotional intelligence has a positive impact on job performance by moderating the impact of stress in the individual. Employees who demonstrated high emotional intelligence are more likely to reduce potential negative effects of job stress on job performance to an acceptable degree.
Such individuals would therefore be able to deal with stressful matters associated with their jobs without letting them negatively affect their overall work productivity. In some cases, highly emotionally intelligent individuals might view stressors as a challenge and this will lead to internal arousal, which will result in better performance outcomes. However, for employees with little emotional intelligence, the stressor will be viewed as an unpleasant experience and this will result in negative work outcomes.
The emotions that an employee undergoes in the course of their work life impact not only their physical and psychological health but also their attitude towards duties and the organization in general (Moon and Hur 2011, 1087). Workers are prone to burnout which is caused by emotional exhaustion, diminished personal accomplishment, and depersonalization (Moon and Hur 2011, 1088). Burnout results in issues such as decreased concentration and cognitive difficulties in the employee.
All these decrease the individual’s performance reducing the overall organizational productivity. It helps employees to effectively manage the factors such as stress and dissatisfaction and, therefore, reduce their risk of burnout. As such, individuals with high levels of EI are less likely to suffer from burnout; their work performance as measured by organizational commitment and job satisfaction can be expected to remain at high levels.
Organizations are forced to change in order to adapt themselves to the market environment. The modern organization must be able to quickly adapt change so as to enhance its competitive position and ensure its survival in the competitive business environment. However, change comes about with some emotional implications for the employees.
The range of emotions experienced during organizational change and how they are reacted to might have major consequences to the organization. Successful management of these emotions is therefore a key objective of managers during organizational change. EI can positively influence the change management process since it increases self-awareness and the ability of the individual to manage negative emotions. Research by Jordan (2004, 464) demonstrates that EI might contribute to successful organizational change.
Moon and Hur (2011, 1088) note that an employee must at all times express the organizationally demanded emotions to customers and senior managers. While the employee might be able to do this naturally, there are times when they will have to make an effort and exert control to display the appropriate feelings even if this is not what they feel inside. EI has a bearing on how the employee displays the emotions that the customers expect and, therefore, positively contributes to the organization’s productivity.
We will write a custom Essay on Emotional Intelligence in the Organizational Behavior Context specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB) in the workplace that goes beyond role requirement as stipulated in the work contract, is becoming increasingly crucial in the businesses today. Yaghoubi and Hadi (2011, 119) asset that due to the positive impact that OCB has on the overall organizational effectiveness, employers are today seeking workers who have this extra-role behaviour that predisposes them to impulsively take actions beyond the stated job requirement.
Research by Yaghoubi and Hadi (2011, 121) revealed that EI had a positive correlation with the conscientiousness of employees. Employees with high EI are more likely to demonstrate Organizational citizenship behaviour, which will translate to higher productivity for the organization.
Organizational learning is today a very important issue and it is considered crucial in achieving competitive advantage. It is one of the instruments that allows the organization to quickly adapt to the changing internal and external environment. Rafiq, Zainab, and Ali (2011, 321) assert that emotionally intelligent employees ease organizational learning, therefore, increasing the chances of the organizations to maintain the desired competitive advantage.
EI plays this significant role by helping managers and employees to manage the change by identifying their emotions and properly managing their relationship with others. Emotional skills are needed to successfully achieve learning. High EI will therefore promote organizational learning by helping employees to manage destructive emotions and promoting their convergent and divergent thinking (Rafiq, Zainab, and Ali 2011, 321)
Arguments Against Emotional Intelligence Since the topic of emotional intelligence was proposed in 1990 by Salovey and Mayer, it has become a popular subject for research with various measures and inventories of EI being used by organizations. Sungwon, Choi, and Kerry (2011, 270) observe that these overwhelming attention has been given to EI since it is believed that it predicts important life and work outcomes. Overreliance on EI tests can be detrimental to the wellbeing of an organization.
There is a significant risk of self-distortion in the self-report EI measures. Sungwon, Donald, and Kerry (2011, 270) point out that self-report measures are susceptible to self-enhancement bias or socially desirable responding which greatly undermines their predictive validity. When an individual’s employment prospects or their chances of getting a promotion are dependent on their EI score, then these respondents have motives to distort self-reports.
The individual will offer the most socially desirable answers in the self-report which will render the attained EI score useless. If the organization goes ahead and uses this information for its organizational decision making process, the decisions reached will be faulty since they are based on wrong information. The self-enhancement motive of a person will affect the validity of self-report EI since the individual will demonstrate a tendency to distort self-report in a favourable direction (Sungwon, Donald, and Kerry 2011, 271).
As a result of the popular notions concerning EI, it can be expected that activities such as hiring, promoting, or retaining staff are influenced by it. Antonakis (2004, 172) surmises that more organizations are basing decisions on these activities on EI models whose credibility is in question since the models lack adequate scientific backing. In spite of the popular interest in EI, the scientific status of emotional intelligence in organizational research is still not well grounded.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Emotional Intelligence in the Organizational Behavior Context by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Antonakis (2004, 171) notes that too many academicians and practitioners have been fascinated by the supposed benefits of EI despite the fact that most of the claims made in support of EI have not been substantiated. Zeidner, Matthews, and Roberts (2004, 393) warn that most of the roles attributed to EI are misleading and following them rigorously might negatively affect an organization.
Critics argue that EI is not a necessity for leadership or organizational performance and the claims made contrary to this are often exaggerated. For example, the claims made that EI tests can help differentiate exemplary leaders from average performers are unsubstantiated. Antonakis (2004, 172) notes that such claims do not have any scientific backing and they only serve to misled organizational leaders who are not trained to critically evaluate research findings.
The EI models commonly used such as the Mayer, Salovery, Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) and the EQ360 self-report measure exhibit major weaknesses. Antonakis (2004, 176) observes that the ability based EI measure as obtained from the EI scale was weakly predictive of work performance which greatly diminished the appropriateness of the scale.
In addition to this, the results obtained from a number of performance measures such as the MSCEIT were similar to those obtained from well-known constructs such as the “big five”. This shows that EI is not unique and its application in measuring human performance is therefore overstated.
Discussion EI has emerged as an important concept in organizational behaviour. Due to this realization, organizations have made use of a number of EI models to assist in organizational decision-making. Even so, the significance of EI can only be assured if the validity and reliability of the models used is unquestionable.
As such, for EI to continue to play a positive role in organizational success, it is important for researchers to support their claims with scientific data and refrain from making exaggerated claims about the role of EI.
Recent years have witnessed a surge in research on EI in order to provide the scientific backing needed to ascertain the validity and reliability of EI. Murphy (2006, p.189) declares that objective and critical evaluation of the claims made regarding EI is paramount to ensure that the validity of this construct is affirmed.
All models have some inherent margin of error and this should is therefore not a valid reason to discount the importance of EI. Ashkanasy and Catherine (2005, 442) reaffirm that EI is today grounded in science and specifically in “the role emotion plays in organizational behaviour”. Its role in organizational behaviour research is therefore important and the importance can be expected to increase even as future research in the field is undertaken.
Conclusion This paper set out to analyze arguments made for and against the concept of Emotional Intelligence in order to underscore the important of this concept in Organizational Behaviour. It began by defining EI and proceeded to discuss its relevance to individuals and organizations. The paper has noted that EI has positive impacts on the individuals as well as the organization since it assist in mitigating the negative impacts of emotions such as stress, anger, and frustration.
The paper has also delved into some arguments made against EI. It noted that most of these arguments are with regard to the lack of reliability and validity of EI. Increased research in EI has led to more reliability as the concept becomes more scientifically grounded. It can therefore be projected that EI will be playing an even more important role in organizational behaviour in the future.
Bibliography Antonakis, John. “On why ’emotional intelligence’ will not predict leadership effectiveness beyond IQ or the ‘big five’: an extension and rejoinder.” Organizational Analysis 12, no.2 (2004): 171-182.
Ashkanasy, Neal, and Catherine Daus. “Rumors of the Death of Emotional Intelligence in Organizational Behavior are Vastly Exaggerated.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 26, no.4 (2005): 441–452.
Carblis, Peter. Assessing Emotional Intelligence: A Competency Framework for the Development of Standards for Soft Skills. St Louis: Cambria Press, 2008.
Jordan, Peter. “Dealing with organisational change: can emotional intelligence enhance organisational learning?” International Journal of Organisational Behaviour 8, no.1 (2004): 456-471.
Moon, Tae, and Hur Won-Moo. “Emotional intelligence, emotional exhaustion and job performance.” Social Behavior and Personality 39, no.8 (2011): 1087-1096.
Murphy, Kevin. A Critique of Emotional Intelligence: What Are the Problems and How Can They Be Fixed? New York. Routledge, 2006.
Rafiq, Maryam, Zainab Naseer, and Ali Bakhtiar. “Impact of emotional intelligence on organizational learning capability.” International Journal of Academic Research 3, no.4 (2011): 321-325.
Sungwon, Choi, Donald Kluemper, and Kerry Sauley.”What If We Fake Emotional Intelligence? A Test of Criterion Validity Attenuation.” Journal of Personality Assessment 93, no.3 (2011): 270–277.
Wilson, Fiona. Organizational Behavior and Work: A Critical Introduction. 2nd Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Yaghoubi, Esmaeil, and Hadi Abdollahi. “An Analysis of Correlation between Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) and Emotional Intelligence (El)” Modern Applied Science 5, no.2 (2011): 119-123.
Yu-Chi, Wu. “Job stress and job performance among employees in the Taiwanese finance sector: the role of emotional intelligence.” Social Behavior and Personality 39, no.1 (2011): 21-32.
Zeidner, Moshe, Matthews Gerald, and Roberts Richard. “Emotional intelligence in the workplace: A critical review.” Applied Psychology: An International Review 53, no.1 (2004): 371-399.
Suspension of Habeas Corpus Research Paper writing essay help
Habeas Corpus and its Application within the U.S. The original purpose of the writ of habeas corpus was to ensure that an individual could be tried by a judge in court for purported crimes that are attributed to them. Its institution was meant as a means by which a person is given a fair trial and is not unlawfully detained without sufficient cause or evidence to justify their incarceration. In the case of the U.S., the application of the writ of habeas corpus can actually be suspended depending on the following factors as outlined by Article 1, section 9 of the U.S. Constitution:
general public safety as required given unprecedented external/internal circumstances
When taking this into consideration, it can be seen that in certain circumstances habeas corpus can be suspended when it involves aspects that endanger public safety. As seen in the events of 9/11, the concept of terrorism has in effect altered America’s perception regarding what can constitute a real and possible danger to its citizenry and as such measures such as the creation of Gunatanamo Bay and the Military Commissions of Act of 2006 thus becomes more justifiable due to the way in which the standard concept of a threat to the state which normally comes in the form of an opposing country has now been changed to focus on combatants who can pose as civilians.
It is based on this that this paper is under the assumption that governments have the responsibility to ensure the survival of the state and as such this can at times justify the act of denying people certain freedoms if it means the survival of the state as a whole.
Suspension and Implementation of Habeas Corpus as it Applies to the Current Situation
An examination of various historical instances surrounding the use and suspension of habeas corpus reveals several notable instances that show a great deal of relevance to the present day case. The first involves the case of Johnson versus Eisentrager (involving German war criminals that were held within a U.S. administered prison that was within Germany) wherein it was ruled by the U.S. supreme court that in instances where the U.S. government does not hold sovereignty the U.S. Constitution thus does not completely ensure the application of habeas corpus (Katyal, 2008).
When taking this particular case into consideration, the case of Guantanamo bay is more along the lines of a prison that is merely administered by the U.S. government, yet the detainees within are under the jurisdiction of Cuba. Thus, from a certain perspective, if you take the case of Johnson versus Eisentrager into consideration, then the suspension of habeas corpus is perfectly valid since the prisoners are not subject to the U.S. government law.
Other instances where habeas corpus has been suspended were seen in the aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor wherein 10 saboteurs, 8 of whom were German were tried via a secret military court with the writ of habeas corpus not being applicable due to the saboteurs being labeled as unlawful combatants.
From a certain perspective, it can be stated that since the individuals within Guantanamo bay are being accused of terrorism which in itself is considered an unlawful action, then their detention and conviction under the Military Commissions of Act of 2006, thus becomes valid since the mere act of terrorism does not necessarily target military installations and personnel but can encompass civilian targets as well as evidenced by the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Evaluation of the Perspective of the Judges When examining the case of Boumediene versus Bush, it is quite interesting to note that the divergent views of the judges involving the suspension of habeas corpus in the case of detainees at Guantanamo bay is a clear example of the clash over traditional views involving national security and the clearly nontraditional nature of the present day security environment (Raughter, 2005).
It can be seen that the negative views of judges Souter and Kennedy regarding the inherent problems surrounding the suspension of habeas corpus in the case of the MCA and AEDPA were based on not only historical precedent (as seen in their arguments involving the application of habeas corpus on territories outside of the U.S. as well as its implementation with the case of England and Scotland) but on moral grounds citing the checks and balances system within the U.S. government that prevents too much power from being concentrated on one branch of the government as well as the fact that the detainees within Guantanamo themselves were held for a period of up to six years without sufficient evidence to show that they were complicit in terrorist actions (Posner, 2007).
On the other end of spectrum is the dissent of judges Scalia, Roberts, Alito and Thomas. In this particular case, it can be seen that their arguments are based on what was mentioned earlier involving nontraditional security issues within the present day global security environment. What you have to understand is that from the perspective of the dissenting judges the writ of habeas corpus as it applies to the case of the detainment of foreign nationals was originally meant as a measure that applied to combatants that were part of an enemy state (Neuman, 2010).
The problem with terrorism, as explained by Scalia, is that it is incredibly difficult to actually determine who is and who is not a combatant within a foreign theater of war (Dempsey
Analysis of “Good Country People” Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
Point of View
Abstract This paper investigates the literature that is available on “Good Country People” by Flannery O’Connor. It elucidates certain literary skills like characterization, point of view, narration, imagery, symbolism and setting as used in the story. In each case, the paper provides quotations from the provided text in order to back its claims.
Characterization The story is about the life of a young man who disguises his identity in order to win a woman’s heart. He appears to the young woman as a bible-seller so that he can look more trustworthy. On the other hand, the woman also gives an image that is not really hers. They both believe that people will not accept them if they know their real identities. Essentially, the writer uses both direct and indirect characterization to show the extent to which people can go to evade social rejection (O’Connor, 1998).
In particular, Manley is portrayed as quite sly. He pretends to love the word of God so that people can think he is trustworthy. He is a typical country boy who lacks in self-confidence to command respect from his peers. And so, he fills this personality gap by deceiving people around him that he possesses a higher social standing. This exposes him as quite a sly character (O’Connor, 1998).
Point of View The story is written from a third person’s point of view. It is clear that the author is an independent observer in the entire story. For example, she observes that Hulga is always angry and only finds an opportunity to relax when she meets Manley. During the occasion, she appears keen to use her intellectual prowess to intimidate Manley so that he can look different from a typical “good country people”.
However, it later becomes evident that she also belongs to this group of people. Essentially, the narrator is not personally involved in the events of the story, but he is in a position to see what the two characters are doing and even read their minds. This is typical of a third person’s point of view (O’Connor, 1998).
Imagery/Symbolism The author uses symbolism to emphasize the fact that a book’s cover should not be used to judge the book. The two main characters portray themselves as humble and trustworthy people, yet in reality the opposite is true. They are both keen to take advantage of each other rather than engage in a serious relationship.
For example, Manley only pretends to be a bible-seller in order to look holy and worthy of Hulga’s trust. In addition, the image of the wooden leg is introduced into the story to draw apathy towards Hulga. Every time it is mentioned, the reader feels pity and sympathy for her (O’Connor, 1998).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Setting The story takes place in Georgia, inside a tenant farm. The dialect used significantly contributes to the identification of the setting. For example, Mrs. Freeman comments that, in case she doesn’t arrive before dust settles, then people can be certain that she is dead. This identifies the setting as somewhere around the rural South, where the use of idioms is quite popular (O’Connor, 1998).
In conclusion, the story uses both direct and indirect characterization to display the characters of Manley and Hulda. In addition, it applies an intricate combination of symbolism and imagery to expound on the storyline. These literary elements help the reader to deeply analyze the information conveyed.
Reference List O’Connor, Flannery (1998). Good Country People. Literature: Reading, Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and the Essay 4th Edition, 180-193.
Digital Marketing Presents Opportunities and Challenges to Organisations Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The 21st century has witnessed an evolution in information and communication technology. This has seen the wide adoption of this technology in enhancing business within firms. As a result of the advancement in information and communication technologies, firms are taking advantage of these technologies to position their products in the competitive markets.
Digital marketing is seen as one of the platforms of enhancing marketing practices and driving sales in firms. However, because of the challenges of information and communication technologies, digital marketing is also argued to constrain marketing practices among firms (Ceria, 2009). The purpose of this research is to explore the concept of digital marketing.
The paper explains digital marketing platforms that are used in enhancing marketing functions in firms. The paper then discuses how digital marketing has enhanced marketing in business firms. In addition, the paper presents the challenges that face firms concerning the adoption of digital technologies in marketing enhancement.
According to Stanaland (2012), digital marketing is a rapid evolution in business because of the manner in which business organisations value and use the concept in expanding their business operations. Digital marketing is practiced by firms operating in both the service and the manufacturing sector.
David and Fortin (2000) observed that digital marketing is one of the means of enhancing marketing communication thus promoting relationships between firms and their customers. It is one of the best strategies for firms with the objectives of expanding operations to the international or rather global scene. Digital marketing finds a lot of favour from companies. This is due to the notion that digital technologies have become fashion to the most active population in the world (Smith, 2012).
Planning and implementing digital marketing in firms is a process. Digital marketing is one of the most common tools that have gained widespread usage in marketing by firms. Before discussing the benefits and challenges that are presented by digital technologies to marketing practices, it is vital to understand the components that make digital marketing.
Digital marketing operates under the back-up of five major practices. The first aspect that informs digital marketing in firms is the devising of websites (Hazlett, 2010). Websites are major platforms on which the information on products and services of firms is provided for ease of access by customers. Social technologies form another element of digital marketing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Social technology tools provide a platform on which relationships concerning products are built through online conversations. The other element of digital marketing is the presence of digital communication devices, which are both mobile and immobile. These tools enable continuity and connectivity between firms and customers in order to enhance product engagement (Ryan and Jones, 2012).
Digital information and communication tools have helped customers to maintain connectivity with firms and their products and services thus boosting marketing practices. Digital marketing is also backed by tools that help in driving online traffic. Relationship networks often comprise of many customer who have to be guided and controlled in an orderly manner (Carter, 2011).
This is achieved by adopting a number of practices like search engine optimization, advertising, and promotional campaigns. Lastly, digital marketing is supported by measurement systems. Measurement tools also act as control tools for digital marketing practices. Measurement systems enable firms to discover the level of contribution of digital marketing to enterprise growth and development (Deighton and Kornfeld, 2009).
According to Parsons (2011), digital marketing presents many opportunities to firms. These opportunities are only realised when firms build a good platform on which digital marketing works. The main aim for the adoption of digital marketing is to enhance marketing practices and aid firms to attract customers and make considerable sales.
No firm adopts digital marketing without being driven by the urge to entice customers and boost sales because digital marketing adoption comes with costs to firms. There are many firms that have capitalised on digital marketing to advance their business practices. Examples of companies that use digital marketing are Samsung Company and Google (Parsons, 2011).
Google is one of the companies that have mainly specialized in digital marketing. The company operations are based on digital marketing. Google is an online company that has established a better position to diversify digital marketing practices. The Google Company has been developing different marketing technologies with each development denoting advancement in the digital marketing practices.
Both digital marketing practices in Google are bases on search engine optimization. Google has been the main developer of organic search, which is used by many other companies. Organic search is used by firms that place their information in different sites that can be traced via the search engine. Organic search entails the creation of standard content and key word search, which is used in accessing the content.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Digital Marketing Presents Opportunities and Challenges to Organisations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Search engine optimization is used for the optimization of websites and website contents for the search engines. This is achieved through the creation of unique tittles for search pages, Url structures, as well as site navigations. The search engine digital marketing platform of Google Company is argued to be the most favourable across the globe. This makes Google one of the largest digital marketing companies in the world (Goldman, 2010).
One of the latest developments in Google’s digital marketing is the recent introduction of what is known as “the DoubleClick digital marketing”. This has been termed as one of the most advanced development by the company. This is enables the company to integrate diverse systems that are used by online advertisers. Responsive campaigns can now be supported by the DoubleClick digital marketing platform by the company.
With the new technology, enhanced understanding is attained by the marketers who use Google tools in marketing. The company has also merged with AdWords and AdMob, which enable the company to run its marketing campaigns on an enormous range of digital tools. Most of the users of mobile communication tools are able to access Google marketing tools with ease. This simplifies marketing, making it an affordable exercise while increasing its productivity (EContent, 2012).
Samsung Company is one of the largest firms that deal with the production and distribution of a wide range of information and telecommunication tools and other electronics. The company manufactures digital technology tools that can be used in enhancing digital marketing practices by the users.
As a company that operates in an industry that is very competitive, digital marketing is one of the main boosters of marketing by the company. The company has a person who heads digital marketing practices. Digital marketing is used in increasing the intimacy of customers to the products and services of the firm.
The company has a strong marketing website where it displays and promotes its products. The marketing website of the company has been growing with time. As the company develops new products, it is able to engage customers on this website.
The other digital marketing strategy used by Samsung is advertising its products through online marketing companies like Amazon, Yahoo, and Google among others. In addition, social networks are used in enhancing digital marketing by Samsung (Cutman, 2011).
While Google is a purely and online company, Samsung is a purely information and communication technology company that deals in developing digital communication tools. These companies thus differ in their approaches to digital marketing. Google focuses on developing platforms of digital marketing for other companies because it is a facilitator company for online marketing practices of many other companies.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Digital Marketing Presents Opportunities and Challenges to Organisations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Google develops the digital marketing platforms because they expound its capacity to facilitate digital marketing practices. On the other hand, Samsung implements digital marketing as a means of promoting its products and enhancing sales.
Therefore, the company concentrates on developing its marketing website and selects online marketing companies to help it in marketing its products and services. The company has also been concentrating on using the social media in engaging with its customers (Ryan and Jones, 2011).
In conclusion, digital marketing has slowly come to be a major tool used to enhance marketing practices of firms. Many companies are adopting digital marketing because of the benefits that are likened to digital marketing. This includes the ease in capturing and maintaining a large number of customers. However, digital marketing has to be approached with caution because of the security threats that face digital systems of communication.
Notably, the technological developments have come with great disadvantages where hackers and those with ill motives use the technology to achieve their unconventional needs. This affects the unsuspecting clients who may suffer great loses or damages. Therefore, caution is required in digital marketing for firms to exploit the benefits that are presented by this invention, as well as safeguard the interests of the clients.
Reference List Carter, B 2011, Digital marketing for dummies, John Wiley
Management vs. Leadership Report college essay help online
Introduction Economists and other successful business people make it clear that the success of any organization or company is totally dependent on its management, as well as the type of leaders and leadership styles that are involved in running day to day activities. It has been revealed that organizations that have principled leaders and effective management strategies are the only ones that have a higher possibility of succeeding (Hill
Undercover Angel: Song Analysis. Follow Your Angel in Disguise Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Of all the things underrated in the modern world, the 70s music must take the first place. Long-forgotten and considered genuinely shallow by most of the adepts of the present-day pop culture, it still has that undeniable sweetness and naivety that makes it stand out of the range of pop music subgenres.
Despite the music of the 70s being considerably homogenous, which makes practically all the songs sound like siblings, there is still the charm of simplicity and light-heartedness in each of them, which makes the experience of plunging into the world of the 70s pop rock unforgettable. One of the most characteristic songs of the era, “Undercover Angel” by Alan O’Day is a perfect specimen to take a closer look at.
The most peculiar thing about the song is that it is packed with all sorts of literary devices and, therefore, is more of a puzzle for the audience to solve, which makes it twice as interesting to listen to. To start with, there is an obvious irony in the song expressed in different ways here and there.
The first and the most obvious instance of irony in the song is its title. Indeed, the word “undercover” is supposed to go with the word “agent,” yet the author evidently sings about the relationships with a woman who would not give in to his charms, thus, making a mix between an angel and an undercover agent.
As for the metaphors, the song also has a couple of explicit ones, “undercover angel” among them. The phrase “give up my heart for you” (Faith E.M) can also be considered a metaphor for falling in love with the woman and trusting her completely. Finally, the phrase “midnight fantasy” (Faith E.M) must refer to the woman which the lead character of the song is obsessed with, which makes this phrase a metaphor as well. Weirdly enough, the image of an undercover angel must have been inspired by a dream as well, since O’Day never married.
For an even more dramatic effect, the “one-hit wonder” (“Undercover Angel – Alan O’Day”) added some personification into the lyrics as well. Blending his fantasy with reality, he refers to the woman he loves as “a dream that made sweet love to me” (Faith E.M); personifying his dream, O’Day uses the later as a metaphor for the woman in the song.
For those who might be wondering why not developing a character relating to a real woman whom O’Day met and loved, it is worth mentioning that O’Day was to enter a contest for the Warner Bros. with this song, which meant that the images in the song were supposed to be generic.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More O’Day’s song is packed with symbolism. For instance, the image of an angel is the symbol of purity which must be the key feature of the female character in O’Day’s song, relating it to Dixieland music, “especially the blues” (Krangle), which is quite understandable, since O’Day was born in the very heart of California As for the use of simile, there is no obvious indication of them in the song.
However, taking a closer look at the first lines of the song, one can suggest that “wonder is your night light” and “magic is your dream” (Faith E.M) can be interpreted as a sort of simile. Indeed, even though the given sentences miss the preposition “as,” it can still be considered that the author compares wonder to the night light and magic to a dream.
The meaning of the song is rather obscure. O’Day sings about how lonesome he is when he suddenly realizes that a wonder in the shape of a beautiful woman appears in front of him; the image is, probably, inspired by the women O’Day knew (O’Day, “Personal Thoughts and Pics”). After a delightful yet short storm of emotions that seizes both of the characters, the woman leaves the man, making him sad. O’Day may be telling about how short love can last and what emptiness it leaves when vanishing into thin air.
Therefore, the song incorporates rather easy lyrics, the beat both to dance to and to listen to on short summer nights, and the idea behind the song that makes the composition a treasure trove for all those who listen to it close enough.
Although it cannot be considered the classics to remember to the end of times, this song is definitely a gift from the era when rock and pop genres could be mixed into a catchy and at the same time rather deep song. With the help of a few literary devices, the song manages to conceal a lot of hints which add a specific flair to the lyrics; the latter comprised with the melody, produces a unique piece of art.
Works Cited Krangle, Jodi. A Muse’s Interview with Songwriter, Alan O’Day. The Muse’s Muse, n.d., http://www.musesmuse.com/int-alanoday.html.
O’Day, Alan. Alan O’Day. Utopia Artists, n.d., https://utopiaartists.com/.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Undercover Angel: Song Analysis. Follow Your Angel in Disguise specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More O’Day, Alan. Personal Thoughts
Operations Strategies adopted by Schultz as CEO of Starbucks Essay college essay help online
Executive Summary Quality management in terms of services, products and operations management is a critical aspect in business sustainability and development. This paper analyzes the experience of Starbucks in order to emphasize the notions of control and management as well as competent operations.
The most eminent practice of Howard Schultz was his consideration of all needs and desires of customers by introducing additional quality products and coffee varieties into the menu. Besides, Schultz concentrated on employee training. Further, Schultz reviewed the supply chain of the Company in order to cut costs and enhance efficiency. The paper concludes that the operations strategies adopted by Schultz brought numerous changes to the Company.
Before the crises between the years 2006 and 2008 Starbucks offered its customers coffee with the grand experience (Burks 2009). The Company had knowledgeable, sociable baristas that provided coffee in a trendy environment where people could socialize, unwind, operate their laptops, etc (Michelli 2007).
Nevertheless, the situation changed when the USA experienced a financial crisis, thus, forcing citizens to reduce the amount of money that they usually spent on luxuries. Consequently, Starbucks experienced a lessened demand for its costly coffee drinks as well as a striking decline in the value of its stock.
Howard Schultz reappeared as the CEO of Starbucks in 2008 at the time when both the corporation and the nation were experiencing a crisis. The annual sales of the Company experienced a percentage decline of 467% between 2006 and 2008 (Burks 2009). Schultz attributed this fall to rapid expansion, which compromised the quality of its products and services.
The quest for growth had obstructed the Company’s core business of offering comfortable places for people to relax while taking sumptuous cups of coffee. Hence, Schultz realized that quality management was essential in restoring Starbucks to its initial upward course.
After Schultz took his position as the Company’s CEO, the first thing that he accomplished was to shut down 600 coffee shops that performed poorly at that time. Besides, he visited many Starbucks’ outlets in order to establish the needs and desires of customers. Schultz solicited for customers’ views through direct contact.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Schultz then used customers’ requirements to design quality and reliable drinks as requested by customers. Schultz considered all needs and desires of customers by introducing additional quality products and coffee varieties into the menu.
In addition, Schultz focused on meeting customers’ needs for quality and value through aligning the prices of its commodities to its Company strategy. Since its foundation, Starbucks maintained high price on its products because of supposed premium image that became associated with its brand.
However, after Schultz reoccupied his seat as the Company’s CEO, Starbucks began offering a bottomless 8 oz cup of coffee at $1 with infinite top ups which cost about 50 cents less than all other products of the Company. Moreover, Starbucks has adopted value strategies that stress more on economical and cheaper coffee products, though initially they are supposed to be high-priced.
Another perspective that Schultz concentrated on was employee training so as to meet the needs of customers. For instance, Schultz closed all Starbucks’ outlets in America for three hours in order to train employees on how to make the ideal espresso drink.
Schultz recognized the value of equipping employees with competent skills that would enable them to make products that meet customers’ standards. Thus, Schultz spent more time on training employees and less time on advertising, which was every beneficial. He recognized that Starbucks‘s employees were the most appropriate people to convey the passion and knowledge to customers.
Further, Schultz focused on intensifying profits in existing stores through enhancing technology investments and operational efficiencies. By doing so, Schultz recognized that the improvements of the quality of customer service in terms of factors such as time and resources are due to use of technology. For instance, the Company proclaimed its focus for entertainment business on digital strategy in 2008 (Paryani 2011).
Since 2008, when Schultz returned as the Company’s CEO, Starbucks services extended from coffee and pastries to smoothies and wraps, which enabled the Company to maintain competition and meet all consumer needs. In addition, Schultz launched new products, for instance Starbucks VIA™ Ready Brew Coffee, food offerings with no artificial flavors, corn syrup or dyes.
We will write a custom Essay on Operations Strategies adopted by Schultz as CEO of Starbucks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More By doing so, the Company was able to grow its consumer products, and thus, exploiting their brand responsiveness and setting up themselves as the most acknowledged and appreciated brand in the world to their intended market. Schultz, also, made strategic investments in chief strategies through concentrating on controlled, global store extension in main markets. He identified some key zones that could be fit for expansion, while closing outlets that did not seem necessary.
In 2008, Schultz took time to review the supply chain of the Company, in order to establish irregularities that cost the Company too much. The assessment revealed that the supply chain had expanded rapidly through outsourcing. However, outsourcing had as well caused cost inflation (Jacobs
Strategic Issues and Problems Affecting Starbucks Company Essay essay help online free
Diversity In the company, there are interactions among the people from different backgrounds, sexes, religions, and social status. Indeed, diversity that the company experiences, poses a great challenge to management, that has to assure the stakeholders and potential customers of unilateralism. In fact, it was only through impartiality that the company could achieve sustained growth. Therefore, the management had to find a way of dealing with the dilemmas before it worsens the company operations.
Conflict of Interest In this company, conflict of interest occurs when one’s interests affect his/her duties and the level of performance. Additionally, it lowers a person’s integrity, and might cause anxiety in the company. Notably, organizational ethics calls for the fact that the workers, stakeholders and customers should not be overwhelmed with personal interests at the expense of their duties. This might compromise the quality of their produces and integrity, because self-interest and nature of the duty may not have any relationship.
Analysis and Evaluation (SWOT) Company Strengths
The company is operated in a chain of coffee shops in various locations across the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada, thus it commands the market and beverage industry (McWilliams and Matten 42). Therefore, consumers have the freedom to select from a range of coffee drinks and products served at Starbucks restaurants. The other strength of the company is the development of a website, designed to give relevant information about the drinks and other products that it sells.
The company experience is the slow in the supply of the coffee that it uses in making the drinks. It means that the quantity they receive from the suppliers is short of the market demands even within America. This emphasizes the need for increasing the production of coffee to cater for the increasing demands. In addition, the pricing of similar products that the small scale restaurants fix on similar products is also seen as a weakness to the giant company, since some of its customers are lost (McWilliams and Matten 44).
Opportunities for the Company
The quality products that the company sells and health concerns of the people in the developed nations have created an unending opportunity for the company. This shapes the buyer behavior and promotes its growth in the industry. Certainly, the involvement of the company in corporate social responsibility is also seen as an opportunity for growth (McWilliams and Matten 45). Finally, the company has built a brand in the coffee sector of the economy, hence enjoys the monopoly of the market.
Threats to the Company
The company has witnessed stiff competition from other local restaurants offering similar products. Notably, the competition is in terms of product quality, good pricing, the kind of service given to the potential clients and the varieties available for the customers (McWilliams and Matten 47).
Recommendations In order to improve its public image, eliminate conflict of interest and increase sales volume, the company should rely on innovation to accommodate diversity and improve the services to its clients. Secondly, it has to insist on the quality of its products, which must remain at its highest. It should also carryout vigorous sales promotions thereby attract more people to buy from their stores. The measures would make most of the buyers reconsider their preference for the company products.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited McWilliams, Crane, and D. Matten. Business Ethics: Starbucks Corporation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.
The Issue of the African diaspora Essay essay help free: essay help free
The problem of defining such notions as ‘diaspora’ and ‘cultural identity’ should be analyzed with the references to the questions of nationalism, transnationalism, and globalization to present the discussion of the issue of the African diaspora completely.
Thus, in their article “Unfinished Migrations: Reflections on the African Diaspora and the Making of the Modern World”, Patterson and Kelley provide the investigation of the African diaspora scholarship basing on the mentioned concepts, and they study the researches, presenting the discussion of the question as a multidimensional problem.
According to the authors, any diaspora should be examined as a process and as a condition (Patterson and Kelley). Focusing on providing the detailed analysis of the conceptions and opinions on the issue of the African diaspora, Patterson and Kelley make their conclusions depending mainly on the analysis of the situation in different regions of America, and they also present the observations of the relevant situations in Europe and Asia.
The composition of the article allows the readers’ following the researchers’ main ideas and logic of investigating the problem. Patterson and Kelley develop their discussion of the African diaspora as the controversial issue, and they start with the definition of the discussed point in order to frame the aspects of the problem.
The researchers state that the term ‘African diaspora’ can be examined from many perspectives, accentuating its qualities as a political, analytical, and social term. However, speaking about the African diaspora, researchers also concentrate on the general characterization of the notion based on the peculiarities of the African communities’ development beyond the national boundaries (Patterson and Kelley).
The main strengths of Patterson and Kelley’s article are in the fact that is paying attention to the peculiarities of different researchers’ positions concerning the problem of the African diaspora; the authors determine the most significant aspects around which it is possible to build the robust discussion of the question. For instance, to examine all the details of the issue, it is necessary to distinguish between the notions of ‘diaspora’ and ‘nation’ while determining its characteristic features.
Diasporas have no boundaries, and their members can feel that they are oppressed because of the impossibility to develop in the union with the other representatives of the nation. The researchers effectively combine this aspect with the next controversial point, which can be formulated as the correctness of discussing the members of the diaspora as belonging to the ‘African’ background (Patterson and Kelley).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, the question is also in determining the distinctive features which allow speaking about the Africans and representatives of the African diaspora separately. According to the researchers’ observations, the question of the African diaspora should be discussed in detail also with references to such points as cultural identity, ethnicity, and religion as the significant features which connect these people with the whole nation and separate them.
The next issues according to which the discussion of the sources is built are the question of territories which are occupied by the African diaspora, their impact on the development of the diaspora and the issue of the historical processes as causes for migrations. Patterson and Kelley pay attention to the fact that many researchers are inclined to study the African diaspora in America because a lot of representatives of the African nation and culture had to find their homes in America.
Nevertheless, all the migrations of the Africans are caused by significant historical processes, and these processes are associated with forming the diasporic identities. Moreover, Patterson and Kelley state that “diasporic identities are socially and historically constituted, reconstituted, and reproduced;… any sense of a collective identity among black peoples in the New World, Europe, and Africa is contingent and constantly shifting” (Patterson and Kelley 19).
All the authors’ considerations presented in the article earlier aim to lead to the main idea that “diaspora is both a process and a condition” (Patterson and Kelley 20). The researchers’ argument depends on presenting diasporas as a result of migrations and movements.
That is why it can be discussed as a process which is characterized by cultural and political peculiarities. Furthermore, the African diaspora can be analyzed from the point of the global race and operations, which contributed to its formation. Thus, these aspects can accentuate the diaspora as a condition.
The question of the African diaspora is somewhat controversial and provokes the development of debates on the point of the racial inequality and racial consciousness. Patterson and Kelley draw the readers’ attention to the fact that there is no single vision of the problem’s aspects and of the ways for the issue’s reasonable solution.
Depending on the peculiarities of the territories where the African diaspora develop, it is possible to observe different approaches to accentuating the cultural identity and stimulating struggles for social equality which can result in various social and political movements. The most vivid example of the situation’s development in Brazil and the authors concentrate on presenting the full picture of the problem with references to the factor of citizenship rights.
We will write a custom Essay on The Issue of the African diaspora specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is also essential to focus on the ideological aspect and the level of the racial consciousness in the concrete country. The authors also present the reasons for discussing the problem of the racial consciousness along with the question of forming identity as a result of definite historical processes (Patterson and Kelley).
It is significant to mention the fact that providing the conclusions of their research, Patterson and Kelley concentrate on the aspect of globalization as an important factor for discussing the question of the African diaspora one more time because the authors use this notion to introduce the main theme in the beginning of the article.
In this case, the concept of globalization is presented along with accentuating the problems of nationalism, internationalism, and transnationalism. The researchers state that the issue of pan-Africanism is somewhat exaggerated, and the era of globalization proposes new progressive approaches to discussing the problem of the diaspora and nation from this perspective (Patterson and Kelley).
Patterson and Kelley’s article “Unfinished Migrations: Reflections on the African Diaspora and the Making of the Modern World” can be considered as the detailed discussion of the most significant scholarship on the problem of the African diaspora. This article is useful because of the fact the authors paid attention to all the most essential researches which had been conducted earlier in relation to the problem.
Patterson and Kelley also determined the aspects which can be presented as significant for the proper analysis of the question. Moreover, the currency of the discussion depends on providing such concepts as globalization, nationalism, internationalism, and transnationalism as the critical notions for understanding the problem of the racial consciousness, identity, and racial inequality and the associated issues of political and social movements.
Works Cited Patterson, Tiffany R. and Robin D. G. Kelley. “Unfinished Migrations: Reflections on the African Diaspora and the Making of the Modern World”. African Studies Review 43.1. (2000): 11-45. Print.
McDonald’s Entry into the Chinese Market Report college essay help online
Introduction Following the advent of globalization, many companies that previously operated in the local markets have sought to establish businesses in foreign markets. Globalization refers to the process of integrating people with governments and organizations across the globe. One of the major limitations the companies that seek to exploit foreign markets may face is the challenge of linking franchises established in foreign nations to the organizational culture and polices.
However, globalization has eased communication partly due to the recent immense development in telephone and internet technologies. This implies that the challenges of expanding markets that were experienced by organizations seeking to take their businesses globally have been incredibly eased. Consequently, the term international firm has become a common terminology in the international business debates.
Kottler (2000) described an international organization as the one, which conducts businesses in more than one nation (p.34). However, when making a market entry into new nations, an international organization has to choose appropriate market entry methods because each nation acts as a market segment whose consumption is determined by a variety of factors such as culture, economic, social, and political affiliations among others.
These factors are different in every nation. In this context, this paper finds it indispensable to analyze the factors that affect a firm’s decision-making process on the choice of entry modes to the foreign markets coupled with the impacts of the entry modes on business practices and success. The focus is on western nations’ organizations entry into the Asian markets. The paper presents this by considering the case of MacDonald’s entry into the Chinese markets.
The paper specifically considers Asia as the one that that has undergone tremendous growth within the last three decades. Consequently, emanating from the economic advantages, western organizations such as MacDonald have considered extending their operations into the Asian regions in a variety of ways. As such, the paper further presents these ways with the aid of a review of the relevant theories on foreign entry modes followed by identification of the mode(s) of entry that MacDonald adopted in China.
The case study report also investigates and analyzes the factors contributing to MacDonald’s decision on the choice of the entry mode(s) coupled with evaluation of the advantages gained, as well as the difficulties experienced by MacDonald because of implementing such a mode or modes. Finally, the paper discusses the lessons learned from the firm’s experience on the choice of the entry mode(s).
Literature Review Factors influencing a firm’s decision to enter into new markets
Many western firms are currently becoming internationalized. The initial choice of the crucial market entry mode in the foreign market may produce imperative implications on successful entry of a company along with its survival in the international market. Arguably, therefore, the decision on survival mechanisms in the foreign nations is a mega step that a firm has to make before channeling its resources to establish its presence in the foreign nations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another crucial decision encompasses the entry mode in the international business (Hague
‘The Crawlers’ by Thompson and Smith Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
The article, ‘The Crawlers’, by Thompson and Smith (1877) gives an account of the living conditions and standards of the women during the 18th century. The main problems confronting the woman and her son are poverty and poor living conditions. They represent many other women who were suffering under the same ‘curse’.
The article is written based on the time when social welfare had not been established in a way that well-being could be ensured to everyone. Women like the one we see in the photograph were forced to live under those circumstances 125 years ago because there was no equal allotment of resources and no procedures of mitigating extreme poverty (Jamrozik, 2009).
Before social welfare was implemented, an important impact on the present approaches came from the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601. It came at a time when churches and family members could no longer meet the requirements, and it could no longer make them self-reliant (Zastrow, 2004).
The Elizabeth Poor Law established three categories of relief. The first category was the ‘able-bodied poor’. This group was given low paying employment and individuals were prohibited from offering financial help. The second category was the ‘impotent poor’. This group of individuals was unable to work and was placed in an almshouse.
Examples included the elderly, the blind, single mothers and mentally disabled people. The last category was the ‘dependent children’. This was the group of children whose parents or grandparents could no longer support them (Zastrow, 2004). Furthermore, the Elizabeth Poor Laws were limited to assisting only those who had legal residents in the local community.
A resident was considered to be the one who was born in the community or had lived there for three years (Zastrow, 2004). This explains why a mother and a child in the article by Thomson and Smith (1877) were reduced to begging on the streets of London after moving to the city when her husband died and left no financial aid.
During that time, a proper solution to the increasing problem of poverty and destitution did not exist. The only approach that many people used at those times was to end up as a beggar. This is what Garton (1994) referred to as the ‘charity system’. Going to the street to sit among the crawlers seemed to be the best solution. This explains why many left their homes (uncomfortable homes) to beg in the streets (Thompson
Mother Tongue by Amy Tan Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Introduction Over time, language has played a fundamental role in various societies across the globe. From enhancing simple things like general communication to creating a viable environment for social, economic, political and economic growth, language and literature have become very crucial tools in the growth of human life through constant progress. It is based on these reasons that some important aspects of language will be analyzed in this paper.
In essence, this paper seeks to analyze the essay Mother Tongue by Amy Tan, in which various aspects of language and rhetorical evaluation are detailed. It is important to note that Amy Tan not only uses the article to give us an insight into her world of writing and the continuous commitments she made to better her mastery of the English language, but she also expresses different rhetorical values and emotional aspects of her mother tongue that greatly helped in advancing her expertise in English and literature. It is upon these features of her language learning that the rhetorical evaluation, in this paper, will be done.
Topic Statement: An individual’s mother tongue contributes greatly to the advancement of one’s expertise and mastery of language and literature.
Thesis Statement: Even though there are many aspects and characteristics of mother tongue that are important in facilitating skill in language and literature, the most important ones are the educational qualifications and academic expertise, mastery in the use of emotions to express ideas, and the appeal to shared values of the audience.
Brief Summary of the Essay In brief, the essay is a literary account given by Amy Tan about her life and how she gradually learned various aspects of the English language. Some of these issues include the differences between her “professional” English (the English she spoke at official forums like lectures or when writing) and her “intimate” English (the English she spoke at home with family and friends), the language and literature challenges brought by her mother tongue (Chinese) in speaking good English, and how we should generally strive to use simple English (or any language, for that matter) that is easy to understand by both native and non-native English speakers.
In expressing these important facts, ideas, notions and opinions, Amy Tan personalizes her talk by using her literature audience, her mother and her husband as examples of her mother tongue influence on her English.
These personal accounts of her life and the people close to her greatly help in passing the intended message to the readers since many people, especially audiences that use English as a second language, can easily relate to her personal experiences.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Analysis of Rhetorical Strategies Is the author qualified?
Considering the fact that Amy Tan is not a native English speaker, she has strived to master the English language to the point that she earns a living out of her writings like the Joy Luck Club; it is evidently clear that she is indeed highly qualified as a good English writer and speaker.
In addition, Amy Tan’s good qualifications are demonstrated by the fact that she has been able to give over half a dozen talks to different groups of people on how to improve on their English. Furthermore, Amy is not a professional, she would have not been able to give these many lectures in an efficient way.
Finally, Amy Tan’s qualification and trustworthiness as an effective English communicator are made clear when her mother, who has a “limited” skills in English, is able to read Amy’s book until she gives the verdict “so easy to read”.
Does the author appeal to the shared values of her audience?
To a great extent, Amy Tan appeals to the shared values of her targeted audience, people whose English speaking or writing skills are somewhat influenced by their mother tongue. This literary appeal is, essentially, the reason Amy’s mother is able to read her book in an easy way.
Again, despite the influence of her Chinese mother tongue, Amy Tan still manages to master the English language and gives lectures to a professional audience while ensuring that she follows all the necessary English speaking skills principles.
As we move towards the end of her essay, Amy embraces the need to find a way of communicating and appealing specifically to audiences like her mother who needed simple English, the English that she grew up with. Being able to appeal to the values of both complex and simple English audiences is undoubtedly a great literary skill.
However, it is worth stating that there are some sections of the essay where Amy admits that her initial writings were majorly based on her life experiences and her environment. In as much as this may be viewed as a good thing, the writings do not entirely represent the happenings in other places that people struggle with the influence of mother tongue on their English. For example, the family routines, while she was growing up or the “judgment” calls she made when faced with tricky English tests, are not the same for all non-native English speakers.
We will write a custom Essay on Mother Tongue by Amy Tan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Does the author use emotions effectively?
Amy Tan’s many adventures and experiences as she strived to learn English evoke a lot of feelings. For example, when she felt mad and rebellious when her mother did something that she thought was not good for her learning. On the other hand, she praises her mother and the influence of their mother tongue in shaping who she was as a writer.
There are also instances that Amy talks about how she felt about her writings and career progress as a writer. All these good and bad feelings clearly demonstrate her effectiveness as a speaker and writer on the use of emotions to make her readers feel or react to her work in a certain way.
Overall Evaluation of the Text’s Effectiveness Through different language tools, personal experiences and literary expression of certain emotional issues, Amy Tan greatly communicates to her readers. Of course there are some instances in the essay that she overstates her experiences and opinions to the point of forgetting about her audiences and the need to be precise. Nonetheless, in overall, her essay can be said to be effective.
Conclusion From the above analysis, it is evidently clear that a person’s qualifications and academic expertise, mastery in the use of emotions to express ideas, and the appeal to shared values of the targeted audience are key factors that greatly contribute towards the improvement or worsening of mother tongue’s influence on language mastery. For this reason, language learners should ensure that these aspects are keenly considered in their learning processes.
Carrying capacity in relation to a tourist destination Report (Assessment) college essay help
The evaluation of carrying capacity is applied to demonstrate the impact of tourism on space and the environment. It shows a significant element of planning spatial growth in tourism. It is also one of the techniques used to establish standards for sustainable tourism.
Essentially, carrying capacity of a destination is the maximum number of tourists that can stay in a tourism destination and utilize its resources in a manner that does not cause intolerable and irretrievable alteration in the structure of the destination. The structure of the destination is defined in terms of its environmental, social, economic and cultural characteristics. The carrying capacity does not decrease the quality of destination in terms of tourist’s experience.
Available research depicts that many researchers and institutions have studied the challenges concerning the carrying capacity of tourist destinations. Carrying capacity has been defined as the ability of an ecological unit to sustain and activate the growth of human activities adequately without negative impacts or consequences (FNNPE 1993, p.2). Three levels that are important for evaluation of carrying capacity have been identified.
These include socio-cultural, ecological and psychological (WTO 1997, p.1). A lot of studies on carrying capacity have been carried out in theoretical approach to the idea. This implies that the practical application some of these perceptions encounter a lot of challenges (Mitchell 1989, p.20). It is a common belief that the conception of carrying capacity is by itself significant and functional.
However, previous research has indicated that in daily practice it has been repeatedly neglected and replaced with other theories. Some concepts that have replaced carrying capacity include limited tolerable change in the tourism destination and techniques of tourist management (O’Reilly 1986, p.5).
Carrying capacity ought to include natural environment and changed human factors in addition to its practical application. A dominant relationship has been found to exist between the natural environments and the carrying capacity. The concept is characteristically an elusive subject that is still to be studied. Considering the challenge of sustainable growth, it is important to note that tourism causes various negative impacts that may risk long-term growth.
Carrying capacity is a significant structure for identifying and understanding notable challenges (O’Reilly 1986, p.7). Nevertheless, some studies are against this view; it has been suggested the application of alternative and more flexible framework. Some studies disagree with the interdependence between the concept of carrying capacity and the definition of sustainability of tourism growth.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These studies assert that if sustainable growth means respecting for the requirements of the present generation while protecting the requirements of subsequent generations then, instead of carrying capacity, the emphasis should be given to definition of the limits for the utilization of tourism destination before a major deterioration in the quality of tourism resources (Butler 1999, p13).
The enduring discussion on the conception of carrying capacity has focused to the necessity for comprehensible and clear-cut definition of tourism objectives and the assessment of the degree at which these objectives are realized. In essence, a tourist destination does not have a single, outside defined carrying capacity.
Capacity is a manifestation of objectives aimed for a definite tourist destination. This implies that the specification required is the nature of the experience of the tourist that can be achieved. Indentifying and realizing the objectives is actually dependent on factors such as accessible resources and administrative experience.
Carrying capacity is evaluated either at the tourist destination’s level as a complete entity including all related elements or at an individual’s level, definite services and services. In all cases, capacity is identified by physical, economic and social characteristics which are measurable. Capacity may be variable depending on the destination.
Variations depend on the natural-ecological features of a particular location, the approach of its application, and growth objectives to be realized. Capacities are characterized by a boundary of tolerance for a tourist destination. Such boundaries indicate a verge of change which, if exceeded, results to negative impacts in tourism. If boundaries are not passed, then the impacts of tourism can be termed as positive.
A considerable number of studies have attempted to come up with a procedure for calculating carrying capacity. The studies have focused on developing common formulae that would be applied for various types of tourist destinations. There is no proven formula that is scientifically validated to ascertain its application.
The outcome of various approaches is the principle mean area assigned to tourists, tourists’ activities and facilities. Many studies have applied different standards that are based on empirical evidence. Since experiences vary from one destination to another, the applied standards also differ (Laws 1995, p.25).
We will write a custom Assessment on Carrying capacity in relation to a tourist destination specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Every tourist destination has a capacity for physical, economic and social structures. Space allocation may interfere with space occupied by businesses, whose operations benefit the local population. Considering this, a perfect example is a remarkable ancient town in Britain whose mayor complained about the necessity of goods that were being sold by three important departmental stores.
According to the mayor, the stores were selling only sweets, none of the stores provided shoes to the locals (Webster 1999, p.21). This example illustrates the importance of considering the economic capacity that will indicate the extent of success of tourism. Tourism should not stop or negatively affect the important activities of the local population.
It should cause unprecedented rise in costs of production and services that may negatively affect the locals. The limit of ecological and physical capacity should not be exceeded. This may cause damages to historical elements or water pollution due to lack of proper treatment of sewerage system.
Howie (2003) acknowledges that carrying capacity is not an objective but rather a strategy of achieving the objective. This cautions against perception of carrying capacity as a single and temporary limitation. It is rather a significant tool for developing a tourist destination. Alterations are unavoidable when tourist destinations are growing.
The use of the idea of carrying capacity ensures there is an effective assessment of the satisfactory level of alteration caused by tourism. It is principally the issue of managerial decision. The reliability and legitimacy of such a decision differ according to position and prospects of various stakeholders taking part in tourism activity. It is clear that reasonable tourism management decisions ought to be supported by sufficient logical investigation.
The capacity of a tourist destination to balance the needs of tourists and the needs of a local community is determined by a number of sophisticated factors. The locals are likely to be irritated by the increased advent of tourists. Further, this irritation may be increased by longer accommodation of tourists and tourists’ engagement in activities that are not acceptable in the local community.
Limited participation or opportunities by local communities is likely to cause dissatisfaction. The levels of capacity and the resulting acceptance limit are dependent on two categories of factors. The first category is the characteristics of tourists and the other category is the characteristic of the destination and its local community (Weaver 2006, p.6).
The characteristics of tourists that hold consequences on carrying capacity include psychological socio-economic traits. These are characteristics that determine the behaviors of the tourists and include age, gender, purchasing power, perceptions, attitudes, race and ethnicity. These characteristic influence the way the locals relate or communicate with the tourists.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Carrying capacity in relation to a tourist destination by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Others factors are the degree of usage which includes the number of tourists and their distribution across the destination. The length of stay which may be determined by the season and the activities of the tourists may dtermine the level of usage (Jovicic and Dragin 2008, p.6).
All mentioned characteristics have their own significance and therefore affect the extent of interaction. It is imperative to acknowledge that the degree of utilization is not only a factor of the number of tourists. This might bring a wrong perception of growth of tourism.
In most cases, the activities of tourists and potential conflicts among tourists with various requirements, interests and prospects are more pertinent measures of the utilization degree of a tourist destination. This observation is of absolute significance to the policy makers.
The nature of tourist destination can affect its carrying capacity. The natural geographical features including climatic, topographic and hydrographic conditions can determine the amount of time spent at the destination by the tourists. The economic framework including the degree of economic growth, miscellany, investments and costs of services may determine the carrying capacity of a destination.
The social framework including the demographic features of the local community, the strength of the local culture, accessibility to social amenities and public services may determine the carrying capacity of a particular destination. Factors like religion, morals, gender roles, safety and language of the local communities fall under social framework.
Another important factor is the political structure since it determines the economical development of the destination. Other significant factors include the tourists’ attractions, participation by the locals, accommodation facilities, transport and other agencies including tour guide companies (Font and Tribe 2001, p.2).
A good example of a tourist destination where carrying capacity is a major factor is Isle of Puberk in United Kingdom. The carrying capacity in this island emphasize on the effects on natural resources such as water and waste disposal. Emphasis is given to the impact on local residents, the economy and production systems.
The coastline and the landscape of the Isle of Puberk island is being depleted by urbanization and infrastuture development (Coccossis 2001,p.5). Islands are considered among the most significant tourists destinations. Islands offer a unique opportunity for economical growth through income generation. Most income is generated from tourists who visit those islands.
It is important to note that tourism brings negative impacts tonislands’ natural environment, people and economy. Most islands have a delicate relationship between its economy and society. Intensive tourism growth rarely consider the capacity of an island; the result is deterioration of natural resources available in the island. Tourism development affects the natural habitat of plants and animals, and gravitates the landscape of an island (Coccossis 2001,p.31).
References Butler, W 1999,The concept of carrying capacity for tourist destinations, Tourism Development, Toronto, John Wiley
Wal-Mart Effect on US Economy Research Paper essay help: essay help
The term “Wal-Mart effect” is used in reference to the Wal-Mart Corporation, as well as, in the description of the impact of large retailers in general. Most of the studies used to identify the effect of large retail stores use the Wal-Mart Corporation as a basis for their research since it has the biggest impact on the economy (Company Spotlight 68). This paper examines the impact of Wal-Mart on the US and global economy by following a chronological sequence starting with the background of the company as it scaled to an international level.
Wal-Mart started as a locally owned retail store in a sparsely populated southern town and gradually expanded to a national level over a period of four centuries. The rapid growth of the retail stores is attributed to aggressive expansion and logistical approaches, taking it to the top of the Fortune 500 companies.
The corporation operates hundreds of wholesale stores, discount stores, and neighborhood markets, as well as supercenters. The magnitude of Wal-Mart’s operations makes it a significant influence factor in the economy of the United States, considering that it controls about 35% of the food and drugs in the market (Company Spotlight 69).
At a national level, the Wal-Mart Corporation has influenced various factors including inflation and productivity gains. Studies show that the presence of Wal-Mart has been useful in regulating market prices and limiting inflation. However, the low prices maintained by Wal-Mart have negatively impacted its workforce through poor wages. In addition, studies show that the numerous employment opportunities offered by Wal-Mart in their stores are not as appealing as one would expect from such a large store (Weber 8).
Studies conducted in 2005 by Global Insight revealed that Wal-Mart was able to maintain the low rate of consumer prices by 3.1% from both direct and indirect sources, which forces its competitors to lower their prices, as well.
Another study conducted in the same year by an institute of policies revealed that the hourly wages offered by Wal-Mart were 37% lower than the national requirement (Weber 8). According to Weber (11), the low wages offered by Wal-Mart spark a chain reaction that causes the competitors and suppliers to lower their wages in order to keep up with the market price.
Wal-Mart has perfected its business operations as is evident in its rapid scale from a few local retails stores to a national and international level. Throughout this period, Wal-Mart has enabled the creation of new businesses in the form of suppliers. The global nature of Wal-Mart’s operations means that the suppliers have a wide market for their products.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The low consumer prices imposed by Wal-Mart negatively affect the suppliers, but due to the fear of losing business, suppliers are pressured to seek alternative means of remaining profitable such as cutting costs on both wages, and production processes such as product design and packaging (Holmes and Zelner 4).
For instance, the Dial Soap Corporation provides about 30% of its stock to Wal-Mart. In the event that it lost the contract, it would have to find a way of making its other markets absorb the 30% in order to remain profitable (Holmes and Zelner 4).
Suppliers have also been affected in order to acquire a fraction of the market segment. Some of the measures taken involve partnerships to form supercenters, like the merger between Starbucks and Target stores, in order to draw a different type of client (Holmes and Zelner 3).
For such initiatives to attract customers, they are forced to operate at a higher efficiency that Wal-Mart, which results in reduced wages. Consequently, the reduced household income for employees from Wal-Mart, its competitors, and suppliers lead to economic and social challenges including inadequate healthcare and reliance on state schemes and subsidies (Weber 7).
The operations of Wal-Mart also impact the states, cities, and taxpayers in different ways depending on the environmental, social, and economic factors. Both citizens and localities offer varied opinions regarding the location of a Wal-Mart store in their community.
On the one hand, citizens may appreciate the opening of a Wal-Mart store due to low consumer prices and employment opportunities; however, they may also be weary due to the effect of reduced wages for both suppliers and competitors in order for them to keep up with Wal-Mart. On the other hand, Localities may welcome the store by offering subsidies, or react in apprehension.
A study by Dube and Jacobs (2) revealed that the opening of a Wal-Mart store resulted in increased financial strain to the tax payers in that state. For instance, the entry of Wal-Mart in Bay area of California resulted in the absorption of many unemployed people into the corporation’s work force.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Wal-Mart Effect on US Economy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More At the same time, the wage practices of Wal-Mart, as well as, the cost reduction strategies adopted by their competitors resulted in an increased reliance on public programs that cost the San Francisco Bay area taxpayers an annual amount of about $1.46 billion (Dube and Jacobs 2).
In conclusion, this paper shows the mixed reaction and impact of the opening of Wal-Mart stores in communities, which constitutes the Wal-Mart effect. While some communities welcome the stores due to their preference for low wage jobs over unemployment, the gains in consumer savings seem to be absorbed elsewhere in terms of reduced wages, social service provisions, and equity.
Works Cited Company Spotlight. “Wal-Mart.” Market watch: Global Round-up 5(2), (2006): 66 – 72. Print.
Dube, Arindrajit and Ken Jacobs. Hidden Cost of Wal-Mart Jobs: Use of Safety Net Programs by Wal-Mart Workers in California. 2004. Web.
Holmes, Stanley and Wendy Zelner. “The Costco Way of Higher Wages Mean Higher Profits. But try twlling Wal Street.” Business Week (2004): 3-4. Print.
Weber, Lauren “The debate intensifies: Is the corporate giant good for our communities?” Business and Technology 2(6), (2005): 4-14. Print.
The Origin and course of the Indian Revolt of 1857 Essay essay help online
The British East India Corporation in the financial year 1857 managed over 1.60 million subcontinent-squared miles of the territorial land. These included controlling the freshly invaded nations such as Punjab and Sind in the fiscal 1849 and 1843 respectively. These areas were under the protection and control of equal, but huge military forces comprising of three separate defense forces surrounding the presidents from Bengal, Bombay, and Madras.
The joint national troops for this company only totaled to two hundred and eighty thousand men in the fiscal 1856. This made it the major all-unpaid mercenary defense force globally, and the most tactical and commanding tool for Britain to dominate the world. However, a year later the Bengal defense force, which was the strongest arm of the military showed signs of ending the reign of British in India (Bayly 51).
Whereas the corporation of East India started its trade dealings in the 17th century, the conversion into a defensive dynasty in the 18th century necessitated that it incorporates martial issues in its policies. The company had to stabilize its rule by suppressing the alliances and border securities, as well as the internal instability.
Communication, transportation and strategies to avert the risky pan Indian combination encountered difficulties implying that the corporation control centers at Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras had to maintain different civil, military staffs, commanders in chiefs, and detached military establishments. Bengal housed the slackly coordinated Indian army presidencies, who controlled policies on the Indian revenue collection, diplomacy, and warfare (Brodkin 278).
The military of India comprised of different customs and citizens. In fact, regulars from Britain were incorporated in the regal defense forces where they rotated duties while each of the three presidential armed forces employed citizens from Europe. Armed forces from Europe that operated in India by 1857 totaled to forty thousand troops. Nevertheless, the Crown and Corporation militia regarded each other with shared revulsion and they were kept rather detached (Randall 9).
In India, armed forces from Europe were few and remained divided although they offered key defense against mutiny and domination. The British officers separately commanded some European militaries such as Frontier Scouts. The Irregular Punjab Force was responsible for the Indian administration although the Lieutenant council openly controlled it.
In 1857, the Bengal defense force was reportedly the largest despite the fact most national troops were incorporated in the three presidential militias of Bengal, Bombay, and Madras. Volunteers from India became absorbed in the military for various reasons. For instance, the Indian population provided a pool of resourceful labor, the British territory expanded and necessitated adequate protection, Indians were healthier compared to Europeans, the local combatants were disciplined, and less expensive (Carter and Crispin 52).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Besides, it was comparatively undemanding to recruit national troops from different areas into the armed forces of India. For example, Rajputs from north of India honored and respected military services since their backgrounds were founded on pre-colonial militia services. This made it easy for the British to have recruits from such inhabitants.
The company also offered better, steady and respectable remuneration packages compared to the British counterparts. By 1857, the salaries became less attractive since they hardly matched the living costs. There were also further benefits including land grants and special payments offered by the corporation for any troop that was brave during the battles, had good conducts, and those who willingly worked in the overseas military stations (Bayly 55).
Even though there were advocates for every presidential armed force, the Bengal militia appeared as the focus of the Indian defense force. The Indian militia was typically made of recruits with physique and characters resembling the Bengal defense force. Most of the Bengal soldiers were drawn from Bihar and Oudh (Awadh) (Chakravarty 256).
Unlike the Bombay and Madras soldiers who were recruited from various religions and castes, Bengal hardly included Muslims, Christians, and officers from the lower castes. Britain similarly followed the suit of recruiting high caste sepoys, and it had to avoid corporal punishment and observe the religious prohibition and ceremonies.
The Bengal sepoys were considered superior to other militias from India because their dominance was reinforced by excessive concession of caste rituals, which occurred in the mid century (Brodkin 281). Nonetheless, soldiers from Britain called the Bengal militia sepoys models. They were disciplined and possessed high native traits besides being encouraged by the fact that they ensued from the self-esteemed colonial troops.
Although most officers in the British militia camp only saw modest danger signals, the Bengal defense force was rambled with dissatisfaction in the middle of the century. First, the real wages paid to sepoy could not match the living cost. Misunderstanding and miscommunication amid the native sepoys and British officials increased because of various causes that jointly reinforced each other.
The native soldiers could have offered significant linkages amid the two sides, but they had little power to command and the British officials never trusted them with key positions (Carter and Crispin 56). This situation occurred since promotion was not founded on merit, but on superiority. This implied that for native soldiers to advance in the military ranks, they must be mature, and this took several years.
We will write a custom Essay on The Origin and course of the Indian Revolt of 1857 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Leadership skills and talents were barely prized whilst soldiers never respected individuals based on the ranks. Indian soldiers were placed in the regimental arrangement that ensured they did not have any power matching the British soldiers.
That is, the highly rank local soldiers could not outrank soldiers from Britain with low statuses (Randall 5). The superior British administrators infrequently needed the local soldiers’ views. Thus, the native militias had dismal morale and motivations to talk efficiently about files and ranks.
The British soldiers were always absent from their duties pursuing other irregular regiment and gainful job opportunities. The junior officers could not therefore identify and know those who were in authority. A blend of prejudiced communication and nonattendance amid the British soldiers and native militias made the troops lose self-esteem and the strong sensation of identity amongst the file and rank (Brodkin 284). These groups however came from comparable spiritual and societal milieus.
Various supplementary issues particular to the years before the 1857 Revolt fueled the dissatisfaction amid the Bengal sepoys. First, the British authority rapidly expanded its reign to other subcontinents as was indicated by the invasion and capture of Awadh and Punjab in the fiscal years 1856 and 1848. The Bengal military were angered when the British militia finally invaded Punjab.
The Bengal soldiers used to receive additional payments while they served in any territory situated external to the control of the corporation (Chakravarty 258). In 1849, Punjab was formally acquired and became a constituent of the territories managed by the corporation. The soldiers occupying different ranks became irritated and grumbled when additional payments they received from Punjab stopped.
Most recruited soldiers hailed from Awadh, and its invasion caused additional aggravation amongst the home population and sepoys. The Awadh emperor was abruptly ousted making most provincial inhabitants believe that the deed was a profound dishonor. The Corporation hired a chief administrator from Britain to occupy the position and introduce newfangled bylaws relating to land rights.
This stripped off most powerful taluqdars and zamindars who customarily headed the community (Streets 1). Besides, transferring Oudh to the corporation generated intense adversities from the inhabitants since the imposed property taxes caused the common district populace to suffer a great deal. The court of Oudh king was removed following increment in the prices of essential commodities as well as the dislocations and unemployment.
Secondly, the Bengal militias had sepoys who progressively felt that soldiers from Britain intended to transform Indians to Christians. This followed the enactment of the 1834 Christian missionary bylaw that intensified Christian activities from the fiscal 1840 to 1850. A few Bengal soldiers and most missionaries loved Indians though they publicly criticized Hindu and Islamic.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Origin and course of the Indian Revolt of 1857 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Every force aspired to Christianize Indians, and this started in the fiscal 1828 with Bentinck William spearheading his followers (Bayly 56). The Muslims and Hindus were deeply horrified by evangelisms organized by Christians from Britain. The British purportedly wanted to convert people forcefully as was eminent in the implemented changes in the customary rights, bylaws, and landholdings.
The Bengal soldiers mistrusted the religious intents of the British. The sepoys alleged that people from Britain had the ill motives of reversing their time-honored religious tolerance. The sepoys detested the fiscal 1856 bylaw dubbed the General Service Enlistment. The law necessitated that recruits in the presidential defense forces must be willing to work in the foreign nations when necessary (Streets 1).
High caste Hindus were repulsive since they believed that whoever crossed the ocean was impure and necessitated pricey cleansing. In 1856, there was a state of dilemma given that failure to join the armed forces implied losing highly valued vocation. Most Bengal soldiers coming from Oudh believed that the British wanted to subvert their religion, destroy the customs, and seize power to make Christianity the most prevalent religion.
In the late 1856, it was alleged the British supplied armories and rifle loading cartridges to the soldiers in the East India Corporation after smearing them with beef and pork fats. This was the final straw because Islam disallowed the eating of mutton, as it was repulsive to their faith while any Hindu who touched or ate beef lost the caste (Brodkin 287). A majority thus believed that the British intentionally wanted these groups to lose their religions. In fact, the military drill wanted a militia gnaw an end of the magazine prior to filling in the bullets.
When the matter was investigated, it became apparent that either lard or tallow was utilized in lubricating the magazines. It was also alleged that fats from either cow or pig were incorporated in the blend. According to the British militia management, this was an accidental fault, yet it depicted how those in power tried to oppress the deprived.
The British soldiers rapidly rushed to rectify the mistake and allowed the militia to tear the magazines using their hands and lubricate them personally using ghee. The Bengal militias and other troops declined to take the magazines causing 85 male soldiers from the third Mirath national Cavalry to be jailed, and dishonored after they refused to take military commands. On 10 May 1857, the entire troop revolted in disapproval and murdered their commanders from Britain (Streets 1).
Works Cited Bayly, Christopher. Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion, 1770 – 1870, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1983. Print.
Brodkin, Edward. “The Struggle for Succession: Rebels and Loyalists in the Indian Mutiny of 1857.” Modern Asian Studies, 6.3(1972): 277-290. Print.
Carter, Marina, and Crispin Bates. “Empire and Locality: A Global Dimension to the 1857 Uprisings.” Journal of Global History, 5.1(2010): 51-73. Print.
Chakravarty, Gautam. The Indian Mutiny and the British Imagination, Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Print.
Randall, Duncan. “Autumn 1857: The Making of the Indian Mutiny.” In Victorian Literature and Culture, 31.1 (2003): 3-17. Print.
Streets, Heather. “The Rebellion of 1857: Origins, Consequences, and Themes.” An Internet Journal of Pedagogy, 1.1 (2001): 85-104. PDF file. 5 Dec 2012. .
Origin of Human Argumentative Essay essay help online free
Origin is one of the most important questions in the USA. Living in the world where racial discrimination was an occasional affair for a long period of time, the problem of human identification was really crucial. Nowadays, this issue still remains central due to a number of reasons. The USA is the country with a very diverse population. It has been historically comprised that the representatives of different nations inhabited it.
The way how these people appeared in the USA and how the relationships between diverse population develop is an interesting question for understanding cultural life of the USA. Asian Americans and Hispanic Americans are the biggest ethnic groups in the USA. Asian Americans and Hispanic Americans are Americans who have been living in this country for many years and their nationality as Americans is not questioned, however, their belonging to another race is underlined as well.
Asian Americans are people originated from China, Vietnam, Japan, India, Korea of Philippines. Having come to the USA to get a job, these people remained here to become the part of the American society. The second wave of Asian invasion was conducted with other purposes. Asian people came here to relatives, to finance American business and with other more spread goals. One of the main problems of Asian Americans in accordance with their personal identification is the inability to become native ones.
Living second and third generations in this country, many Asian Americans hope to be identified as just whites. However, for Native Americans they will always be minority or forever foreigners. Even though Americans and Asian Americans have the same rights and racial discrimination is not considered as a problem nowadays, many Asian Americans still have a desire to cut this ‘Asian’ word form their identification.
Hispanic Americans is another ethnic group in the USA. Having come from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba and other Latino American countries with the purpose to live in better conditions, these people have inhabited many cities in this country. The spread of the Latin American minority in the US, Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans and Cubans have immigrated to the USA during different periods of time and for various reasons.
However, they have been called Hispanic Americans and they comprise one specific group nowadays, Hispanic Americans do not even pretend to be in one and the same raw with Americans as these people may never be called whites. Hispanic Americans like Asian Americans will always be considered as a minority group. Speaking about minorities in the USA, it should be mentioned that new groups immerged, Dominicans, Central Americans and Southern Americans.
The diversity of American population increases and it does not go for good for the USA. The country has become the state of minorities where the National population reduces and seems to solute in this diversity. The life of Hispanic population differs from the intentions of Americans as Hispanics in most cases are unable to occupy highly paid positions, these people do not even want to work as they came from their countries to protect themselves from poor and hungry native lands.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The USA has given many of them food and ceiling under their heads and the work is not the main priority for some minorities. Therefore, the USA becomes a diverse country which feeds those who do not have an intention to work.
Lesson 6 discussion Essay college essay help: college essay help
You are a sergeant for a small-town police agency in western Texas. The Chief hires a rookie officer (his nephew), and tells you to go ahead and put him on patrol, even though he does not have TCLEOSE training or certification. Following orders, you do so, and he goes on patrol on the mid-shift. He stops a car for a possible DUI about 1am, and the situation gets out of hand, and the rookie shoots the drunken driver. What would be the logical next step, legally, for the family of the driver? What might you expect, in terms of a civil liability lawsuit, as the rookie officer’s direct supervisor?
Demographics of Social Vulnerability Exploratory Essay college essay help near me
Introduction Disasters are extreme events that exceed a community’s ability to cope with them. Hazards (whether originating from technological or natural environments) have significant negative impacts on the community.
It is therefore important to identify, assess, and understand these social vulnerabilities. Social vulnerability perspective emphasizes on the people’s capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impacts of these natural hazards.
It is concerned with the people’s behavioral changes and susceptibility to these changes. Social vulnerability is random and varies across various sections of the community.
It is therefore important to understand these demographics. This paper will address the variability and demographics of these social vulnerabilities.
Demographics of Social Vulnerability Overview
The social impacts of disasters range from economic, psychosocial, political, and demographic impacts.
Understanding these social impacts provides a basis for pre-impact predictions as well as the development of contingency plans that helps in the prevention of occurrence of adverse consequences in the long term.
According to Perry, Prater
Leader Research Paper: Sir Richard Branson Essay online essay help: online essay help
Introduction Strong leadership is necessary if an organization is to achieve its goal of higher performance and increased productivity. For this reason, effective leadership is rightfully regarded as a critical factor in the success of all organizations.
There exist many leadership styles and their effectiveness depends on the particular business environment as well as the personal traits and values of the individual leader (Bartlett
The No Child Left Behind: the Social Concern and Problem Proposal essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction The legislation under consideration is the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. It was passed in 2001, and has stirred a lot of controversy in educational circles.
In order to place this debate in context, one must understand the history behind the policy as well as the relative effectiveness of the goals.
The social concern and problem to be addressed The social concern to be addressed is low educational quality. In the United States, this problem is defined in terms of time, content, expectations and teaching methods used.
Time in the field of education centers on how students use their school day or year. This parameter can become a problem when schools use it ineffectively or when students fail to spend adequate time doing school work. Content revolves around the curriculum.
A curriculum that lacks a main goal or one that is easily diluted is a serious problem. Expectations revolve around the skills and knowledge that students ought to have after completion of their education.
Lastly, concerns in teaching involve teacher shortages and inadequate teacher preparation (US Department of Education, 2003b).
One may define and frame the education problem in several alternative ways; for instance, its ability to make market-oriented products. An education system may be deemed unsuccessful if it does not nurture the creativity of its participants.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Stakeholders expect tertiary institutions to yield innovative solutions to society’s problems. Conversely, one may frame this problem on the basis of research and development from tertiary education institutions.
Examples include development in AIDS treatment drugs, genetic engineering or space travel. One may also define the educational problem on the basis of the number of students who graduate or reach a certain level of education such as college.
Other people can think of this issue in terms of its affordability hence its accessibility to the masses. Furthermore, education quality may also be analyzed through its ability to promote equality or reduce marginalization of students from low income households.
In the United States, the challenge of education quality can be seen through content issues. Several students lack foundational knowledge in the curriculum. Additionally, problems in expectations exist as seen through the lack of challenging materials in academics.
Time-related problems include the ineffective use of school days as well as poor management of time at home when doing homework. With regard to teaching, the US has a shortage of teachers in science-related fields. Those who exist are not as fully prepared as they should be.
This social problem is expressed differently in a third world country like Nigeria. In this country, the curriculum does not address man power or market needs adequately.
As a result, many of these individuals may complete university education but fail to secure jobs (Adeyinka, 2002). Additionally, the nation has unstable teaching staff as many consider the profession a stepping stone to other careers.
We will write a custom Proposal on The No Child Left Behind: the Social Concern and Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The latter state lacks funding for curriculum development or training of professionals. Issues of low standards in certain educational institutions are pervasive in Nigeria. The issue of ill-equipped classrooms, laboratories and libraries is also a serious matter there.
Inadequate classroom capacity may also be seen as another way in which low educational quality is manifested there. Lastly, the prohibitive cost of academic materials or books is another hurdle in Nigeria.
How the US has responded to this problem In the past, the US has responded through a series of educational reforms. Initially, this was manifested through an increase in funding of educational programs.
However, in subsequent times, the country tried to establish academic standards. During the 1980s, authorities gave all states the mandate of establishing academic standards for schools (Jogernsen, 2005). Later on, in the 90s, legislators introduced the notion of performance standards in schools as seen through the 1994 IASA Act (Improving America’s Schools Act).
Schools would be held accountable for the performance of the students. They needed to demonstrate yearly progress among the participants.
Perhaps one of the most significant moves in the education industry is the instatement of a unitary assessment system in the country. Changes have also been made in content standards for core subjects such as mathematics and the languages.
Legislation The primary piece of legislation that provides federal and state funding to address this problem is the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. The legislation was passed during former President George Bush’s tenure as president.
He regarded education as one of the priority issues in his policy agenda. Many legislators welcomed the Act and demonstrated bipartisan support for it.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The No Child Left Behind: the Social Concern and Problem by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Although there were some differences during its passing, most members of congress and the senate went beyond their differences in order to pass this bill into law. By December 2001, legislators had completed the final version of the report.
NCLB is a policy whose goal is to increase achievement or proficiency in education by 2013 to 2014. Five major parameters will assist schools to achieve this goal.
These include standards and assessment, parental involvement, adequate yearly progress (AYP), corrective action, and staff qualifications. Standards and assessments require schools to adopt universal academic standards that must be challenging in nature.
Schools must also have concrete standards about what children should be able to carry out at the end of their education. Here, an institution ought to describe the various levels of achievement that children should attain; they may be advanced, basic and proficient.
Curriculum content standards should be placed in three particular subjects: math, language and reading. Schools were given only 6 months from the passing of the legislation to achieve this. They also got 3-4 years to make standards for science subjects.
In the area of assessments, schools were expected to have yearly assessments in language arts, reading, mathematics and science. However, schools were given a window period of three to five years from the instatement of the legislation to make these assessments.
Annual English proficiency assessments must also be administered to students with limited English proficiency (US Department of Education, 2003a).
The second aspect of the legislation was accountability as seen through the adequate yearly progress (AYP) system. Institutions are expected to follow universal minimum improvement level.
Percentages were determined for proficiency in math and language arts for various years. Students who fall under the AYP program are special needs children, those with limited English proficiency, the economically disadvantaged as well as ethnic minorities
Corrective actions emanate from failures in AYP; institutions that record failures for two consecutive years will be eligible for corrective action. Families have the option of transferring their children to another public school in their chosen district.
Districts have the responsibility of paying for transport with priorities given to low income groups. If failures are recorded for three consecutive years, then one can use supplemental services.
Schools that consistently fail to meet the AYP criteria, that is, those that demonstrate poor results for a period of five tears will be restructured.
Staff qualification is yet another area that the NCLB Act covers. Teachers are expected to get state certification for core subjects. Alternatively, they can receive qualifying scores on content tests.
Paraprofessionals need two years worth of higher education, an associate degree or a state assessment. They must also engage in professional development.
Parental involvement in the Act encompasses getting information about children’s or school performance. Parents have the right to ask for teachers’ credentials. They should receive notice when their children are placed in language instructions programs.
If they wish, most of them can opt out of a language instruction class. Families have the right to know about unqualified teachers if their children have been taught for a period of four weeks or more by them.
Program The AYP program is the main manifestation of the NCLB Act. Its goal is to make all public schools accountable by providing a minimum improvement level for schools annually.
The program has boosted federal education funding by different states substantially. In fact, statistics demonstrate that these numbers have increased from the time the legislation was passed.
Schools must also contend with greater sanctions or penalties. Institutions are now held to account for their actions. Additionally, they are expected to increase their level of testing. Those who fail to engage in the above may be penalized through closure or reopening as a private entity.
Alternatively, schools may be required to change their curriculum or lengthen school years. They may also be subjected to restructures if they fail to produce satisfactory results. Institutions must ensure that their teachers are well qualified. Failure to meet these criteria can lead to the replacement of school personnel.
How the services are organized and delivered The services in NCLB are organized on the basis of assessment. This was designed to boost America’s international rankings in particular subjects such as math and science.
Schools are expected to administer these tests and an analysis of their improvement done on an annual basis. These tests are organized on a state by state basis since states are responsible for establishment of standards.
States also determine the minimum requirements for skills and knowledge when developing curriculum content. Teachers must abide by these requirements if they want their students to succeed.
The Act also places high stakes for failing to meet certain criteria. Teachers play a vital role in this policy because they are responsible for constantly improving their capabilities.
Educators must learn about curriculum content and the effects of failing to implement them. Poor professional development can lead to severe consequences to teachers and schools, as well.
Therefore, state panels determine whether a school will be restructured or punished after continual underperformance.
How eligibility is determined In order to qualify for AYP under the No Child Left Behind Act, a child should belong to the four sub groups mentioned in the policy description phase. The subgroups include special needs, racial minorities, economically disadvantaged and limited English proficiency students.
All states reserve the right to establish the number of students who will be eligible as a subgroup. In order for a family to qualify as a low income group, it must provide information about all its sources of income.
Some of these may be formal such as salaries or wages. Alternatively, they may be unconventional like insurance, alimony, pensions or child support.
School eligibility is determined through administration of the assessments among at least 95% of the student population. States have been mandated to develop measurable objectives for math and reading. Most of them require 35% p in math and 45% p in reading.
Additionally, states must establish another factor for eligibility and this may include high school graduation rates or attendance rates in middle school.
Schools may also be eligible for AYP if they demonstrate a 10% improvement in non proficiency and meet the requirements for the state-specific requirements.
Evidence that the policy has been effective in achieving the social welfare goals The NCLB policy places a lot of emphasis on standardized student testing scores. Analyses indicate that personal human judgment is prone to error in test development.
Therefore, large scale tests are more rigorous and make their administration more dependable than other types of assessments. An international study done among 29 developed nations found that when standardized tests were dropped, academic standards diminished.
Furthermore, students were less motivated to study while curriculum content became incomprehensible. In the United States, test scores have improved dramatically since 2002 when the Act became effective.
Additionally, minority students’ performance in these scores has gone up substantially. It is essential for test scores to improve as American students have demonstrated mediocre results in international analyses in the past.
Aside from improvement of test scores, the Act has bridged the gap between minority students and the white majority. Achievement gaps between 2001 and 2005 have improved dramatically.
This stems directly from the creation of subgroups, which include minorities and students with limited English proficiency. It also emanates from the fact low income groups are given precedence when transferring their children to another public school.
No Child Left Behind has also improved the quality of teaching in public schools. Statistics indicate that the number of students taught by qualified personnel has increased to 90%.
Teachers are required by the Act to pursue professional development so this has improved their quality. Furthermore, the involvement of parents in their children’s education has also brought about these results.
Parents who demand to know about the credentials of teachers who handle their children have also caused many of them to improve.
Since schools have a lot to lose when they keep engaging unqualified teachers, then many of them choose not to compromise on this parameter.
Given that the policy also leaves room for supplemental educational services, then a number of students have been able to access them. Educational experts realize that student capabilities can never be equal, but when minimal test requirements exist, then educators can work out a way of improving these outcomes.
Those children who appear to be falling behind have the right to access free tutors, and thus meet the national criteria. Children from low income households who may not have afforded tutoring services can now boast of significant outcomes. Regular testing causes schools to know those students that need extra assistance.
Schools have also been improving their educational strategies time after time. Following the increase of school options for parents within certain districts, schools have a lot more to loose if they apply ineffective strategies.
As a result, many of them have opted to alter strategies that may make them loose students. All schools that require improvement have been identified promptly and restructured accordingly.
Lastly, estimates indicate that the numbers of schools that meet AYP requirements have increased dramatically; this means that the nation is well on its way to achieve proficiency in reading and mathematics.
In fact, funding in these crucial subjects has increased drastically. Although other subjects such as social studies are receiving less attention, it is generally agreed upon that science and math performance directly affects a nation’s innovativeness.
Innovative proposal The policy or program that can respond effectively to the needs of the population is the Academic Partnerships Lead Us to Success Act or A-PLUS act. Unlike the NCLB Act which increases the role of the federal government in the educational setting, this piece of legislation places power back in the hands of parents.
The Act gives states the mandate to get funding for educational problems. However, their role is restricted to consolidation rather than direct involvement in school matters.
The Act will be organized and delivered by states, teachers and parents. States will redirect resources in order to increase accountability as well as raise standards.
Although the NCLB Act was initially instated in order to increase accountability in education, this is no longer a tenable goal among the groups concerned. Most of the funds provided in NCLB were controlled by the central authority (Department of Education).
Schools could only spend them on the programs that the central authority selected. However, in the A-PLUS Act, local leaders will decide how to distribute funds. They will consider local needs in various institutions so as to make them accountable.
Furthermore, student progress will be measured by state bodies, so no focus will be given to the national large scale assessment program. The biggest difference between A-PLUS and NCLB is that it moves away from the one size fits all approach advocated for in NCLB (Wang et al., 2006).
State officials have the responsibility of deciding the transparency of fund use in simple implementation processes.
Teachers and parents will have the responsibility of determining the educational path that a particular child will follow as each student is unique.
This would minimize bureaucracy from Washington DC. Teachers would be accountable to those individuals who relate directly to students.
They would administer tests and submit results to taxpayers annually. Instead of dwelling on a national pass mark, this policy will cause teachers to focus on progress and meeting parental expectations.
The evaluation process will be twofold. First, it will consider college admissions. Since tertiary education is the culmination of the education process, then favorable results reported in college should indicate success in A-PLUS.
Additionally, evaluation will be done through improvements in science and aptitude tests. These will be tailor-made by teachers and focus will be on improvement rather than test scores.
The main idea in instating A-PLUS is to create lifelong learning through local leaders. Its aim would be to foster cooperation between teachers and parents, and also to reduce bureaucracy in education.
Emphasis should not be on paperwork or passing tests in educational policy; it should foster continual progress instead.
References Adeyinka, A. (2002). Current problems of educational development in Nigeria. Web.
Jogernsen, M. (2005). History of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. NY: Pearson Education Publishers.
US Department of Education (2003a). No Child Left Behind: A parent’s guide. Washington DC: Department of Education.
US Department of Education (2003b). A nation at risk. Web.
Wang, L., Beckett, G.
Sex Roles among Men Essay best essay help
Gender roles and sex roles can be discussed as interconnected notions which can influence each other significantly.
If the connection and interdependence of gender and sex roles in the context of heterosexual relations are rather obvious, the connection and the impact of the notions on each other from the perspective of homosexual or bisexual relations require their further investigation.
From this point, the discussion of anal sex roles among men is important for revealing and analyzing the correlation between the male gender role and the anal sex roles of men in their homosexual relations.
It is significant to answer the question about the impact of masculinity as the male characteristic on the men’s sex roles and possible impact of sex preferences on the man’s everyday behavior0.
In addition to these points, the topic about anal sex roles among men was chosen because of the current interest of the public in the questions of homosexuality which is observed with the help of examining contemporary movies, books, and shows’ themes.
Thus, there are a lot of prejudice associated with the topic which should be discussed from the point of homosexual men’s gender and sex roles and their interdependence.
Although much prejudice is connected with homosexual relations, those men who have sex with the other men are also characterized by such feature as masculinity and its components as responsibility and bravery, but the level of masculinity in a man’s nature can influence his preference according to anal sex roles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Today people are inclined to develop definite stereotypes about homosexuality and provide common assumptions the main idea of which is that homosexual men are rather sensitive, tender, acquire certain female features in their behavior and actions, and unable to do the work which is considered as appropriate for men according to the visions of male and female gender roles.
The public’s opinions on the problem of homosexuality can be divided into tolerant and quite aggressive. This point is still discussed as controversial in society. That is why the issues depicted in the movie Brokeback Mountain (2005) directed by Ang Lee provoked the great discussion of the question of homosexual relations.
Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist, the main characters of the movie, are two men from the American West who discover their homosexual preferences and fall in love with each other.
The story develops during the period between the 1960s and the 1980s, and it concentrates on the detailed depiction of the romantic and intimate relations between these two men.
The controversy associated with the issues discussed in the movie depends on the history of the question of homosexual relations and the public’s attitude to this phenomenon.
It is possible to say that today the people’s vision of the relations of this kind is rather progressive, but biases still exist. Several decades ago the level of prejudice was extremely higher.
Nevertheless, this phenomenon is known for people since the period of Ancient Greece when homosexual relations were discussed as the part of Zeus’s religious cult and the necessary aspect of the military service.
We will write a custom Essay on Sex Roles among Men specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, in spite of the fact these relations are depicted in many pieces of art, there was not a single vision of the issue. Homosexual relations developed and were the common aspect of the personal life, but they were also criticized.
The situation which is described in the movie also presents many aspects of the problem. Ennis Del Mar is portrayed as a man with highly developed masculine qualities.
He is strong, in a good physical form, and hard-working. Ennis tries to resist his feeling of deep love toward another man when he becomes aware of his homosexuality. Jack Twist is more passionate and emotional, his masculine features are not as developed as Ennis’s ones, and he actively admits his homosexuality.
According to Wei and Raymond, homosexual men can identify their sex roles strictly or they can change their preferences, thus, they can be ‘versatiles’ (Wei
Laughter is the best medicine Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Kristine Nyhout writes about the importance of laughter to the health of the human body. She argues that instead of trying to exercise more or eating healthy foods in order to stay healthy, people should try laughing more.
She argues that many health professionals are now resorting on the use of laughter as an alternative medicine in the cure of diseases.
Although the argument somewhat discredits the usefulness of exercise, proper foods and supplements (vitamins), she sounds convincing as she quotes research that supports her arguments.
It is obvious that exercise is vital for ensuring health. This helps in various ways including maintaining the body weight at healthy levels (normal body weight).
Without exercise, the body weight might reach the overweight, obese or extremely obese mark and this could be very dangerous since it may be associated with various diseases and complications. Exercise keeps the person fit and decreases the risks of diseases.
When exercise is coupled with the choice of proper and healthy foods, the human health is almost guaranteed to improve.
Supplements also play a critical role of increasing the levels of some vital minerals and nutrients when they are insufficient in the body. This helps keep the immune system in a good condition and keep many diseases at bay.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the writer was fast to discredit the need of the three (exercise, healthy food and vitamins) arguing that laughter could do better. This may be unrealistic since the exact role of laughter in ensuring health is not clear.
However, she mentions an incident where a patient in pain used laughter successfully to reduce the pain caused by the arthritis-like disease. The usefulness of laughter has also been realised by Joy Van Herwaarde.
She resorted to clowning and has seen its benefits. Herwaarde argues that laughter helps to take the person’s mind off pain and relieves one from loneliness. Her expertise in this area has seen her services being relied upon by old persons who are on their deathbeds.
The author also argues that some scientists have discovered that it helps reduce stress and may affect the production of hormones. The writer’s argument here is based on facts and the views of other health personnel.
Therefore, the argument is convincing enough. Many professionals are studying humour in order to understand its usefulness in ensuring health. Some are also using it to fend off panic attacks in patients.
Nyhout also suggests that laughter boosts creativity and productivity. She believes that hospitals will soon introduce clowns and humour specialists who are trained to make people laugh.
She sees the possibility of such exercises being brought into the workplace wellness seminars. She did not provide any literature that supports her arguments, therefore, it is not convincing. This probably explains why she says that it ‘apparently’ boosts creativity.
We will write a custom Essay on Laughter is the best medicine specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The writer provides evidence of the use of laughter in the cure of disease. She provides an example of a cancer patient, Catherine Ripplinger Fenwick, who survived cancer as she incorporated laughter for therapy.
This discovery (by the patient) led her to see the need to share that knowledge with the government employees and other relevant persons.
This argument sounds convincing since it is based on a person’s experience with a deadly disease. She took up clowning during treatment and experienced the difference as her health stabilised.
Nyhout explains the importance of humour in defusing the patients’ anxiety and changing their attitudes. She provides the case of a particular nurse, Dee Preikschas, who resorted to humour as the tool to provide healing.
She managed to defuse anxiety and change the attitude of a 10-year-old boy who had resisted treatment. The boy had resisted the IV treatment and the nurse decided to use humour.
A ‘magic’ hammer was enough to change all that. It produced some smashing noise at the IV and made the boy laugh. This made him more cooperative and he became cooperative.
The author also explores the use of laughter (humour) in manipulating some physical aspects in order to fend off illnesses. She argues that laughter may help lower the heart rate and the blood pressure, as argued by Barbara Wetmore-Patel.
She also argues that this leads to the increase in T-cell activity that is crucial in the avoidance of diseases. Improved digestion also comes as a result of the power of laughter. This argument is not very convincing since it almost appears as a personal view rather than a scientific (proven) fact.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Laughter is the best medicine by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More No statistics or literature supports this allegation. However, she claims that Wetmore-Patel has used it successfully to improve health of the retired persons. In addition, laughter (as she claims) causes the release of endorphins, which are hormones that helps to take away the feeling of pain.
The author argues that laughter may be used as an immunisation. She claims that it may be useful as a preventative measure since it helps keep someone from getting sick. This is made possible with the antibody referred to as ‘immunoglobulin A’.
Apparently, these antibody travel to the salivary glands and prevent viruses from entering. This has been explained to be the usual port of entry. The author uses literature to provide support for this argument. She uses the research by Lefcourt to explain the effects of laughter on the levels of ‘immunoglobulin A’.
The research argues that the levels of this antibody in the saliva differ between those who use humour in a daily basis as compared to those who do not. The levels are higher in those who use humour more.
Normally, the body’s immune system is suppressed when it undergoes a stressful situation. However, the research suggests that humour arouses this state and enables the immune system to continue working effectively.
This argument is convincing because the author quotes the work of Lefcourt, which employs sound research to investigate the effect of laughter in the levels of ‘immunoglobulin A’.
If laughter actually increases the levels of this antibody, then laughter would be a good remedy when it comes to the prevention of disease (viral diseases).
The author also introduces another benefit of laughter in the way it helps to increase the efficiency of breathing and cause the muscles to relax. This information is retrieved from the works of a physiologist in the University of New South Wales.
This shows the authenticity of the information. Therefore, the argument is convincing. The work of this physiologist (David Garlick) also complements the work of Barbara Wetmore-Patel since the physiologist argues that laughter helps decrease heart rate and blood pressure since the muscles are relaxed.
Since the same idea is supported by two professionals, this means that the information is authentic. In conclusion, laughter may be seen to be beneficial to the human health in various respects. However, further research is needed to explain the mechanism that laugher uses to improve health.
Mixed methods research in strategic management: Impact and applications Essay (Article) essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Summary of past related literature
Introduction Mixed methodology study is turning out to be gradually more common approach in various subjects, and it has long been utilized as a concept to provide an improved understanding of study issues.
However, no evaluations have been carried out to determine whether mixed methods study, which may be appropriate and costly, has more impact on strategic management area (Aguinis et al., 2009).
The objective of the article was that of determining whether the utilization of both quantitative and qualitative approaches in one research is an indication of article impact in respect to citation frequency.
Summary of past related literature Following a thorough investigation of the already published articles, the author found that developments were the key purposes, unlike instead of similar design types were the most popular kind of precedence, and systematic approvals were common (Bryman
Stress and Burnout in Organizations Research Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Problems of Stress and Burnout on Employees
Problems of Stress and Burnout to the Organization
Introduction The term stress was predominantly applicable in the ancient centuries to imply hardship, difficulty, strain as well as affliction. In the growing centuries, the term has been used interchangeably.
However, the core meaning has always remained poignant in all its definitions. Stress may refer to a state of psychological and physical discomfort of an individual, which is derivative of the interaction of external and biological factors (Antoniou
Meaning about California in Various Posters Essay online essay help: online essay help
California History: Hollywood Movie Posters The California state is known for its luxurious and beautiful lifestyle, but questions arise of what lies behind all that beauty. Generally it is known as a state with a stable economy, a lot of laxity and prosperity.
However, the state has a dark enigma lying behind it. Indeed, defining California’s lifestyle can be a diverse topic ranging from adventure to violence.
Looking at some of the posters, from my opinion California is portrayed as a state full of fun and adventure. Take for example the poster of American Graffiti; there seem to be a mood of freedom, happiness and lots of fun.
Blowing of a trumpet, while in the middle of such a big crowd, displays freedom of entertainment, and couples relating and cruising all around shows the adventure in mingling with different kinds of persons.
The poster of Fast Times at Ridgemont High shows two free young ladies, which might be interpreted to show the carefree life of California. People having fun in all ways they want, with the attitude of “this life is short”.
Other posters such as the Black Dahlia, Pulp Fiction and Heat display people with very serious and daring faces. This brings out California as a city with people willing to venture into very risky missions yet with no fear of any consequences.
Some of the posters, like There will be blood, Crash and Heat, are very dark showing that they are things taking place in the night.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This portrays California as a state with mysteries, adventures, jeopardies and undertakings that are only unleashed in the night.
From the posters we also get a reflection of a violent state. To begin with, guns are all over. Looking at the posters, one can conclude that, in California, guns are not a big deal; one can use them wherever and whenever they want.
This of course might not be the case. A poster like that of The Maltese Falcon displays a person who is willing to finish another’s life to get what he wants.
Take that of the Pulp Fiction, it presents California as state where use of violence is the only way to solve things. The face of the woman on the poster can also be interpreted as saying things can only go her way, with no negotiations or otherwise the pistol does its work.
From the California Conquest poster we also get to see that it is not only guns which can be used for defense but also swords. Other titles also like There Will Be Blood bring out the picture of violence in California.
The poster of Die Hard also displays a serious cop using a gun against twelve terrorists. This can be an indication of the varsity of criminal activities in California.
This draws our attention to the fact that people might be forced to own guns for self defense. In Lethal Weapon poster, we also see two serious men with one holding a gun; again we see violence being exhibited.
We will write a custom Essay on Meaning about California in Various Posters specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Judging from the facial expressions we can conclude that it is a city where people are not shaken or scared easily. In my opinion, California appears to be a city where violence and bloodshed are such an easy and small thing to do.
The movie posters also display California as state with beautiful and sexy women. Most of the women are also shown to be aware of the beauty they possess and they are not afraid to display it.
The poster of Psycho, Fast Times at Ridgemont High and Kalifornia display women who are beautiful and sexy in terms of their body figure. This shows that charm and elegance is a notable feature among California women.
Other posters like that of The Black Dahlia, The Maltese Falcon and California Outpost portray class, polish and refinement of the women, judging from their mode of dressing.
The poster of The Graduate also shows the beauty of California women is not only in dressing but in their body parts.
In California, there seems to be Heroism fight for justice. We have always seen in movies people showing bravery and boldness to defend what is just and fair. From the posters it might be a true characteristic of California.
From Heat, The Maltese Falcon and California Conquest, we see features of bravery, fearlessness and fortitude. Men are courageous enough to defend what to their opinion is just and right.
The state has also built its own heroes through their nobility towards the state and its people. This is shown from the poster of Die Hard, where we see from the writings on the poster, a cop is fighting twelve terrorists alone.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Meaning about California in Various Posters by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This shows how California has a strong belief that such heroic nature can exist, a cop boldly willing to risk his life to fight for the people. Such as cop of course will be a hero for bringing justice to the state and for displaying such gallantry
In conclusion, in my opinion California appears to be a state where freedom is vast. People have freedom to live and enjoy lavish lives and to almost make what seems unreal, real.
The subject of violence is also a notable issue. In my opinion fire arms are not a thing to display or use anywhere anyhow. And also murder to me is also not alight issue. Finishing off someone’s life to achieve justice and fairness might also not appear heroic to me.
Because there are other ways that justice can be obtained other than through bloodshed. About women, it is true that California women are really beautiful and sexy, but they might reconsider displaying some parts to everyone anyhow.
The Role of the Internet in Business Essay essay help free
The introduction Some basic points
While discussing the role of the Internet in business, some fundamentals on computer use must be considered.
First of all, it is necessary to point out that computer technologies have inevitably changed people’s mode of life. In our days the new technological devices provide people with numerous opportunities.
The thesis statement
The role of the Internet in business cannot be neglected, as the World Wide Web can be regarded as one of the most powerful and effective tools for conducting business.
The body The Internet and its impact on business
Nobody will deny the fact that the Internet facilitates people’s work. For those, who are engaged in various business activities, the Internet seems to be of vital importance, as it allows communication with suppliers, customers, etc.
As far as the Internet saves customers’ time, postage, mailing expenses, etc. its advantages are undisputable. The Internet help employees seek and use information as well as meet a company’s information requirements.
The Internet and strategic decision making
It is not a secret that for business – strategic decision making is of particular importance. For this reason, using information technologies is considered to be the key step employees are to follow.
Thus, gathering external information is one of the most effective ways organizations are to rely on, in order to succeed.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The most common activities, which companies use to collect certain information, are based on the so-called business intelligence.
In other words, taking into account information the Internet provides various organizations with, one can conclude that companies’ demands for business intelligence have been increased (Pawar
Enron Company’s Unethical Business Research Practices Research Paper scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
The issue of ethics has been taken for granted for so many years. In the real sense of it, it is indeed paramount and significant for many reasons in the world’s organizations.
This means that institutions have to make sure that they conform to the greatest degree of ethics in all their undertakings (Cooper
Film Review: “The Shawshank Redemption” Essay (Movie Review) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Conception of Andy’s Hope
Hope in Prison
Introduction This movie, The Shawshank Redemption, starring Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman, is an American prison drama. It is based on a novella by Stephen King. It portrays the story of a successful banker who evidences the cruelties and abuses held in prisons.
Andy Drusfene, an innocent man, has been convicted of murdering his spouse and her lover following his (Andy’s) discovery of the affair. Shawshank is a prison, and the name redemption is used to capture the hope in the movie.
Hope sheds light in Andy’s life, and he struggles for two decades knowing that he will escape from prison and become successful. Andy tirelessly waits, and he does not lose hope in the whole of his prison life. In fact, Andy instills hope in his fellow inmates, and his hope earns him trust with the prison authorities.
At its beginning, the film involves some scenes of the night of the murder by providing a recreation of events throughout the trial being held in a court room. The movie is presented as a relating of Andy’s life in prison being told by Ellis Redding- “Red”, a felon inmate, who becomes Andy’s true companion and loyal friend.
Conception of Andy’s Hope Andy is convinced of his innocence, and he knows that, one day, he will be set free. Andy says that he loved his wife; he did not kill her. However, circumstantial evidence act on his downfall and Andy is imprisoned for double murder. He keeps on referring to life outside the prison, and some inmates feel that Andy ought to stop thinking about freedom.
Andy believes that the prison can deny him freedom, but prison can not deny him hope; in fact, hope is the only thing that cannot be taken from someone. For instance, Andy tells Red that he listens to Mozart in his head. He tells Red that some places are not built with stone, and the mind is one of these places; hope restores one’s faith in life.
He does not get discouraged when Red tells him that hope is a dangerous thing. He believes in the opposite of what Red says. He also tells Heywood and Red that they will like a book, The Count of Monte Crisco, since it is about prison break. This shows that Andy has hope of escaping prison at all costs. In fact, this acts as a premonition of Andy’s later escape from prison.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hope in Prison The Shawshank prison is an institution of cruelty where inmates are beaten, starved and abused. The wardens do this in an attempt to obscure the redemptive power of hope from the minds of inmates. This method is successful, and a lot of prisoners, in Shawshank, are hopeless.
Andy manages to fit in this setting by providing fiscal favors to the prison warden and the prison guards. This slow tale of cruelty and abuse summarizes the theme of the trail lived through the movie. This trail is characterized by the marketing slogan held for the film; fear can hold one captive, but hope can set one free.
Andy, a crafty ex-banker, knows more about money than anyone in the prison. He is also able to identify the weaknesses in people and make use of these weaknesses to his benefit. Andy, through his crafty means, wins the trust of prison wardens; he is taken from the laundry department to the library.
In the library, Andy has some privileges denied to other prisoners. He manages the prison’s financial affairs, and he is used (by some wardens) to advance some corrupt deals on their behalf. However, Andy is not foolish, and he makes sure he makes enough loopholes that make the wardens, at one time in future, caught.
A moment of great hope comes when Tommy, a fellow inmate, comes with a tale of innocence that could set Andy free. However, the corrupt prison authorities are not done with Andy yet; they want to continue laundering money. Therefore, the Warden has Tommy killed with escape being used as a cover. This is done to kill Andy’s hope, but this does not break Andy’s will of escape; the prison could not take hope away from him.
Andy hopes to live in a famous Pacific coastal town, in Mexico. He knows he will escape from prison, and, at one time, he tells Red that he is very hopeful for this dream. However, Red sees the dream as unrealistic. Eventually, this dream comes to be, and Red, after his release, goes to seek help from Andy in the named Mexican town.
Andy’s Escape Andy’s great reserve of patience and fortitude helps him succeed. By escaping Mr. Norton’s word of abuse and corruption, he claims redemption, but not before he manages to unveil the cruelties, abuse and corrupt business being held within Shawshank.
We will write a custom Essay on Film Review: “The Shawshank Redemption” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To do so, Andy goes from being an honest, moral man to a crook who used all his knowledge and skills as a mechanism of defense. The protagonist manages to gain Norton’s and the institutional guard’s respect; thus, he contributes to the progress of inmates and plays a key role in the prison community.
Andy uses a rock hammer (procured by Red) to dig a tunnel through which he escapes. In fact, this part shows the culmination of Andy’s hope. This is because he has dug the tunnel for close to two decades; this is a very ambitious escapade.
By this time, Andy has accumulated enough money to help him start a new life. He also has information that reveals the state of oppression in Shawshank. This information leads to the arrest of Hadley, but Norton commits suicide.
Critical Standpoint The movie takes the viewer through a point of self discovery in that it shows a man who refuses to lose hope. The movie shows the unfairness of the justice system; instead of being the beacon of justice, the system leads in breaking the law.
The viewer gets a view of life beyond prison walls, and the viewer also questions the authenticity of justice in such conditions. However, hope stands out in this movie, and the viewer feels that there is some hope that the situation can be altered.
Conclusion Andy’s hope sees him through prison life. This hope leads Andy to do lots of things, and lastly, escapes prison; he waits for two decades to make his move, and when he does, he moves from prison as a successful man. He uses his financial intellect to make things work for him. In fact, he also restores hope in other prisoners.
Are we living the clash of civilizations, as some authors claim? Research Paper college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
How civilizations clash
Introduction Authors, such as Samuel Huntington, claim that cultural differences in the world will lead to greater conflict in the future. This assertion is becoming a reality today owing to increased global interactions, which perpetuate civilization consciousness and stoke cultural animosities. The evidence is particularly conspicuous when Christian and Islamic civilizations conflict.
How civilizations clash Huntington (23) defines civilizations as cultural identities. These are levels of identities to which people relate. Some of them may be religious, regional, ethnic, or national. Clashes between civilizations may be a serious problem today because intercultural differences are real and quite distinct. They stem from people’s history and traditions, so it is difficult to eliminate them.
Some of the most prolonged conflicts in the world stem from intercultural or interreligious tensions (Huntington 25). Globalization is also perpetuating this trend because more diverse communities are coming into contact with one another and becoming conscious of their civilizations. Differences between these groups can spark animosities between them.
Various countries are undergoing radical political and economic change, so most citizens are losing their commitment to national identities. Religion is filling this gap through fundamentalist movements. Previously unconventional groups, such as college students, are at the forefront of the un-secularization of their societies. Consequently, this sharpens the divide between persons that belong to one religion over the other.
Non western countries want to resist domination by the West, so a number of them are embracing their own civilizations even more strongly. Economic regionalism also perpetuates the divisions between civilizations because the survival of these groups depends upon the similarities between their cultures.
It is difficult to erase the differences that exist between cultures, so this leads to a clash between the groups (Huntington 26).
The above author is the pioneer of the class of civilizations, but there are several incidences that prove his assertions. Tribal or religious fundamentalism is one such occurrence. Ethnic or religious hatred is a reality in several countries of the world today.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This nature of thinking manifested itself during the nine-eleven bombings and several other acts of terror against the West. Such radical actions have occurred owing to reactions from local populations. When global capitalists enter into different cultures, their presence may threaten the natives, who may respond by counteracting those sources of capitalism.
In most cases, such persons will give their tribes or religions a sacred quality that causes them to engage in radical acts (Barber 230). Many of these fundamentalists consider the West as the source of those global forces, thus explaining why they confront them violently.
Lewis (19) explains that one of the most distinct cultural clashes that have ever occurred is between Muslims and Christians. It should not be assumed that all Islamic countries reject the West or that opposition to the West is distinct to this region; however, some of the most alarming incidences of hatred have occurred in these areas.
American, foreign policy has revolved around several Islamic states and has thus necessitated the presence of combatants in these countries. Recent examples include Libya and Iran. The American presence has perpetuated an increase in animosity and hatred against America and its allies. This instance of disdain goes beyond mere dislike of the Americans.
Several of these nations have altered their national policies in order to counter American interests; a typical example is Iranian policy. Several Iranian leaders have called Americans enemies of God, and made political decisions that go against this perceived enemy. The dualistic ideal of the moral and evil is quite inherent in Islam, and this explains why Iran took confrontational stances against the West.
Several Middle Easterners experienced tumultuous periods in history when western-based political institutions led to dictatorships. Even economic styles from the West did not lead to prosperity, but poverty. Besides this, a number of locals became casualties of wars that Westerners initiated in their land. Therefore, it became appealing to these individuals to return to their original faith.
Islamic ways became their only source of salvation, hence explaining why many fundamentals regard modernism and secularism as the main enemies of the Islamic faith. They teach followers that modernism has destroyed their dignity, beliefs and livelihood; consequently, followers have experienced a re-ignition of dignity and hope. However, during tumultuous times, these sentiments may sometimes become explosive (Lewis 24).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Are we living the clash of civilizations, as some authors claim? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A number of clashes are also occurring in subtler forms owing to mass immigration of certain cultures. One such incident exists in France, where Islamic North Africans are forming subcultures, which dramatically counter French values. These immigrants are asking for the right to access Sharia laws, yet the rest of the French population feels that Islamic laws contradict their own.
The struggle to maintain western style secularization has undermined relationships between the North Africans and the native French population as seen through a number of laws. The lawmakers designed them to prohibit religious expression in public, especially through adornment of Islamic dressing.
These reactions from the French majority have sparked serious opposition from the Islamic population and thus perpetuated tensions between the two groups.
In order to understand how serious the clash between the Muslim and Christian civilizations is, one needs to look at some of the manifestations of these tensions with regard to the entire Middle Eastern region. Discontentment and opposition to western ideologies is prevalent in pan Islamic organizations such as Hizb – ut –Tahrir. This is a political organization a Palestinian judge created as far back as 1953.
It has members from forty countries and about one million supporters. It does not exist in the Middle East alone, as its members are quite active in Central Asia and the United Kingdom, as well. The major aim of this political party is to set up or institutionalize Sharia laws throughout the world.
Members believe that it is necessary for Muslims to have such laws in order to gain stability and safety. It also calls for the preaching of Islam to all corners of the world. While ideas about spreading one’s beliefs are common in other religions, what makes this entity unique is the anti-Zionist stance it possesses.
The movement’s leaders maintain that Israel is an illegal nation and has no right to exist. Such strong positions have led to serious tensions between Palestine and Israel over the years (Taji-Farouki 105).
The notion of antizionism does not just revolve around Israel and Palestine; it also encapsulates the Muslim members of Hizb – ut -Tahrir. Although the latter organization has not explicitly stated that it will fight Israel, it has mentioned that it will support a one-state solution between these two conflicting nations.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Are we living the clash of civilizations, as some authors claim? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nonetheless, the unitary state it refers to is not a secular one in which Muslims and Jews live together; it is one in which all members adhere to Sharia law. This has perpetuated increased tensions between the non Islamic and Islamic civilizations in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Members of the above radical group have uttered a number of anti-Semitic sentiments during the recent past. In 2007, the head of the movement told attendants of its annual conference that they must wage a war against the Jews (Taji-Farouki 54). In fact, several countries have banned this organization because of endorsing racist propaganda. In 2003 Germany banned the organization by asserting that it collaborated with neo-Nazis.
In other countries, such as Denmark, authorities have arrested members of this movement and imprisoned them for their racial stances against Jews. These reactions stem from the problems between Israel and Palestine.
The members of the movement claim that theirs is not a racial attack against Israel but a call to Palestine to defend itself. Whatever the reasons are for these differences, it is clear that a clash of civilizations does exist between Islamic groups and Jewish-dominated Israel.
Conclusion A clash of civilizations is present today as witnessed through various occurrences around the world. The surge of anti-American sentiments in countries such as Iran and Libya is indicative of this trend. Perceptions of Americans as enemies inspire policies in these countries.
Additionally, immigrant populations in western nations also clash with locals. A case in point is the internal conflict between North African immigrants and French citizens. Lastly, the phenomenon is prevalent in para-muslim organizations such as Hizb- ut -Tahrir, which have perpetuated the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Works Cited Barber, Benjamin. Jihad vs. McWorld. Chicago: Ballantine Books, 1995. Print.
Huntington, Samuel. “The clash of civilizations?” Foreign Affairs Journal 72.3(1993): 22-40. Print.
Lewis, Bernard. “The roots of Muslim rage” Atlantic Magazine Sept. 1990: 19-24. Print.
Taji-Farouki, Shaker. A fundamental quest: Hizb – ut – Tahir
The Leadership Styles of Grant and Hitler Term Paper online essay help: online essay help
The leadership styles used by Grant and Hitler resemble and differ in several ways. In this essay, I will first discuss the differences followed by similarities. First, Grant‘s leadership style becomes demonstrated as unheroic while Hitler’s style becomes demonstrated as false heroic.
Second, Grant was a strategist who wanted the best out of himself and his soldiers while Hitler did not mind much about the well being of his soldiers and most of his strategies involved murder. Lastly, Grant’s style of leadership was humble and democratic, while Hitler’s style of leadership was that of dictatorship.
On the other hand, both leaders led to loss of lives during the attacks and the strategies they employed became influenced by earlier experiences. Considering the styles of leadership by the two leaders, Grant was more heroic than Hitler, as he gave his troop autonomy to do what they deem best, as opposed to Hitler who ruled by the supreme command.
Differences between Grant and Hitler According to Keegan, Grant used unheroic style of leadership because he resisted leading from the front (18). Grant’s ability to embrace new and creative methods of fighting in the war and his down to earth attitude of taking himself like a mere soldier or commander while still leading his soldiers into places that would result to losses of lives is what makes Grant the symbol of an unheroic hero (Keegan 168).
Other traits that made Grant seem unheroic include his appearance and mode of dressing. Grant did not appear to have power, from the outside look. He was, also, not handsome as he paid less attention to his physical appearance and he wore cluttered clothes.
Besides, Grant watched over the soldiers in the vanguard and often assisted soldiers who found themselves in trouble. Grant ensured that his troops did not surrender through encouraging them and providing reinforcements.
Conversely, Keegan demonstrates Hitler’s leadership style as false heroic (154). He uses the fact that Germany finally lost the battle to support his argument. He further argues that Hitler, at some point, lacked the confidence and aptitude to carryout operations on a daily basis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hitler did not embrace new fighting techniques from his soldiers, as he solely formulated strategies and made vital decisions with no consultation from his fellow army men. This implies that the troop had to abide by all Hitler’s military ventures despite the fact that some of these ventures were not viable.
Keegan, also, demonstrates Grant as a committed strategist who wanted the best out of himself and his soldiers as he quotes him saying “I finally decided to have (no communications) – to cut loose altogether from my base and move my whole force without a rear link.” (18). In other words, Grant preferred not to address his troops as he regarded it as needless, and he always listened to their views.
Grant was, as well, tactical in planning the last attack in the story. He felt that there was no need for his army to establish a permanent base in a war of people against people and a dispersed land. He planned how military supplies could be drawn by railroad and river. Grant advocated for hard work, discipline and faith, in his strategies.
Conversely, Hitler frequently addressed his troops, as he gave them all the orders. He did not also listen to them as he was the supreme commander. In addition, most of Hitler’s strategies involved practices of suicide as an equivalent of death in the appearance of an enemy. Only a few suicides become heroic, and Hitler’s strategies of suicide did not earn the heroic status.
Grant’s style of leadership was humble, and he believed that his soldiers could lead, as well. Conversely, Hitler’s style of leadership was that of dictatorship, despite the fact that his soldiers had more knowledge and experience in wars than him.
Similarities between Grant and Hitler Both leaders killed people, during the combat, although Grant’s butcher method had lots of shortcomings. Grant loved his soldiers and did not want to lose any one of them. However, this did not stop him from commanding them to slaughter opponents during assaults like Petersburg and the Cold Harbor, whereby he lost over 60, 000 men.
Although Grant regrets that he steered the battle, Keegan explains that it is this battle that taught Grant to conquer his moral struggles of sending his soldiers to death (162). The battle, also, shaped his skills as a leader on the combat zone at Shiloh.
We will write a custom Term Paper on The Leadership Styles of Grant and Hitler specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Also, both leaders had prior experience in wars and these experiences had an effect on their strategies. Hitler gained experience during the Western Front and the beginning of the Second World War, and he, also, learnt much about trench maps during the First World War. Grant, also, obtained military experience during his early years.
In conclusion, several similarities and differences can be noted in the leadership styles of Hitler and Grant. Grant’s style of leadership was humble, and he accepted the views of his soldiers. Conversely, Hitler led his soldiers to war and ruled by the supreme command.
Also, Hitler did not care about the loss of his own soldiers while Grant did not want to lose his own. On the other hand, both Grant and Hitler’s attacks led to loss of lives. Besides, the strategies they employed became influenced by earlier experiences.
Works Cited Keegan, John. The Mask of Command, New York: Penguin, 1989.Print.
Inventory is a necessary element for customer service. However, it implies an additional cost that can become unsustainable for writing essay help
Inventory is a necessary element for customer service. However, it implies an additional cost that can become unsustainable for an organization.
Read the article Inventory-Driven Costs and answer the following questions:
Is HP’s focus on minimizing inventory costs is feasible for a company operating in a market where delivery speed is an order-winning factor?
Would you pay a premium for a product or service price for an earlier delivery? For which type of products or services?
In the discussion forum, you are expected to participate often and engage in deep levels of discourse. Please post your initial response as early as possible and continue to participate throughout the unit. You are required to post an initial response to the question/issue presented in the Forum and then respond to at least 3 of your classmates’ initial posts. You should also respond to anyone who has responded to you.
Calloni, G., de Montgros, X., Slagmulder, R., Van Wassenhove, L., Wright, L. (2005). Inventory-Driven Costs. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from: https://hbr.org/2005/03/inventory-driven-costs
Reflective Entry: “Notes of a Native Son” by James Baldwin Essay college essay help online
Reading the “Notes of a Native Son” from a non-fiction book Notes of a Native Son by James Baldwin, it becomes obvious that the author tries to dwell upon many different points devoted to his father to make sure that if he speaks about the problem, if he splashes his feelings hatred and despair in relation to his father is going to disappear.
Even though these son’s relation to father is explained through the whole chapter, the main purpose of the discussion is the attempt of James Baldwin to understand the role of black people in formation of America as the country which we are able to see it now.
The chapter presents the story of a boy who was brought up in a society of black people and who was driven to New Jersey to get education. Reading some passages, it seemed impossible for people to behave that way. However, looking at the modern society when some people seem to be higher in range just because they think so, it is obvious that the history is really important.
James Baldwin tells about the cases when he came to New Jersey with the purpose to get education and where he could never think he would be treated as a slave who was unable to do what he wanted, who was unable to visit the places he wanted and who was banished for that society.
James Baldwin writes that no matter where he came he “was always being forced to leave, silently, or with mutual imprecations” (Baldwin, 1955, p. 93). The author says that such position of affairs affected him greatly and in some time he became afraid of walking in the street. Then, after being fired for several times, he began to think that there was something wrong with him particularly.
Returning to the problem of the place of the Afro-Americans in the life of America, it may be stated that the white supremacy during the 1940-1950 played an important role in the formation of the country. Many black people who wanted to study and wanted to work were rejected just because they were of different color.
The prejudiced relation to black people caused many African-American become “bitter” (Baldwin, 1955, p. 89). An attentive reader may notice that this word is repeated for several times. The author uses this word when he described the character of his father.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it may be concluded that Baldwin’s father became that irritated, angry and bitter, as his son identifies him because he managed to come though all that attitude as his son experienced.
The theme of the chapter is the son’s remembering of his father, his actions and behavior, however, the main idea the author wants to deliver is hidden. The author wants to ask whether the role of the black people in American society that great that most of people still preoccupied with personal significance and others feel personal nonentity.
The question which should be asked is what is the place of African-Americans in the formation of the country? What would be if during the 1940-1950 black people were not discriminated? How would black and white live now if the process of white superiority were not completed? These are the questions which arose in mind while reading the chapter “Notes of a Native Son” by James Baldwin.
Reference List Baldwin, J. (1955). Notes of a Native Son. In J. Baldwin, Notes of a Native Son (pp. 85-114). Boston: The Beacon Press.
The Concept of Ego Depletion in Psychology Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Apart from healing time, younger people are not overwhelmed by emotional fatigue which can be another name of ego depletion. Admittedly, the concept of ego depletion can confirm that younger people can better cope with such ordeal as the loss of a close one. However, it is necessary to take a closer look at the notion of ego depletion to understand its effects on people’s behavior.
Notably, Freud mentioned concepts similar to the concept of ego depletion (Baumeister et al., 1998). He claimed that ego was like a rider who was trying to control his horse (i.e. id), which is sometimes impossible. He also believed that there were certain limits to people’s capacity to control their nature (Baumeister et al., 1998).
Now researchers have more specific ideas on the matter. For instance, Baumeister and Vohs (2007, p. 117) define ego depletion as “a state in which the self does not have all the resources it has normally”.
Vohs et al. (2011, p. 166) provide a more precise definition stating that “[e]arlier engagements in self-regulation lead to later self-regulation failures, a hangover effect”. It is important to note that researchers quite agree upon the definitions, but they have different views on one important point.
Thus, some researchers suggest that self-regulation is unlimited and motivation can diminish ego depletion (Job et al., 2010; Vohs et al., 2012).
However, it is necessary to add that Vohs et al. (2012) admit that this is true when it comes to some everyday self-control scenarios, whereas ego depletion increases in such cases as death of a close one, severe health problems experiences, etc. Schmeichel et al. (2003) provide valuable data which verify these assumptions.
Though the researchers focuse on cognitive operations, it is obvious that more complex psychological processes lead to higher levels of ego depletion (be it reasoning or experiencing emotional traumas).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the same time, a lot of researchers argue that self-regulation is indeed limited. Various surveys and experiments confirm such assumptions. For instance, Job et al. (2011) state that the availability of information on limited or unlimited self-regulation resources only affects people’s perception on the matter, but have no effect on actual level of ego depletion.
In other words, even though people start believing they can cope with a variety of problems irrespective of their previous experiences, this does not affect their actual ability to handle this or that issue. Interestingly, Heatherton and Wagner (2011) focus on neurological aspect of the issue. Their study also confirms that people have different capacities to regulate their emotions with the course of time.
The researchers also claim that the more self-regulation people have to exert the higher level of ego depletion will occur. Leary and Tangney (2012) state that people try to improve their lives with the help of self-control. Self-control helps people fit the society, which, in its turn, helps them feel better.
Therefore, various surveys confirm that younger people have more capacity to overcome such psychological traumas as the loss of close people. When a young individual faces the issue for the first time, he/she feels distress and anxiety. However, young people find strength to exert self-control.
They may or may not be assisted. In other words, their friends, relatives or psychologists can help them find ways to cope with the problem. Thus, young people who experience such psychological traumas can accept the loss and move on.
Certain time later people have to experience similar feelings as the loss of relatives and close people is inevitable. Facing such problems, young people already have specific behavioral patterns to follow. They can exert self-control.
When it comes to older people, their capacity is coming to an end as each loss diminishes self-control capacity. Older people experience numerous sad events which make them grow weaker, so-to-speak. Updegraff and Taylor (2000) claim that people’s mastery diminishes each time they have to exert self-control.
We will write a custom Essay on The Concept of Ego Depletion in Psychology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Admittedly, elderly people are especially vulnerable as they exert self-control throughout their lives. Many elderly people have to live through the death of their child which is one of the most serious psychological traumas (Ryan, 2012).
Thus, the loss of a partner at eighty is more difficult to handle compared to the loss of a partner at thirty. In the latter case the individual has almost full capacity of self-control. However, the elderly individual has already spent considerable amount of his/her capacity while coping with various sad experiences during his/her lifetime. The level of ego depletion is high since this person has had to exert self-control previously.
There have been many associations with the concept of ego depletion. One of the easiest associations is as follows: holding a 7-kilo package can seem quite difficult at the beginning. However, this package can seem simply intolerable after holding it for a couple of hours.
Likewise, when exerting self-control for the first time, it is difficult, but in the course of time this task can seem unbearable. Therefore, the concept of ego depletion does confirm that older people regulate their emotions worse or even much worse than younger people.
Reference List Baumeister, R.F., Bratslavsky, E., Muraven, M.
Service Encounter: Service Enquiry Desk in a Library Report best college essay help
Executive Summary A service encounter is an essential aspect for any organization. This is because, it gives the definition of the direct interaction exhibited between service firms and their clients. A service encounter is the foundation of building trust in customers with regard to service offering of an organization. In addition to this, a service encounter serves as the basis in which customer satisfaction is realized.
Without service encounters, a business cannot realize its targets. Service encounter links up the business with the clients through interaction. Further, it is through service encounters that a firm can realize its position in the competitive market.
Precisely, it is through service encounters that the extent of market share an organization is associated with will be determined. The desirability as well as the quality of the service encounter are vital elements and as such, a firm should consider sufficiently when making decisions regarding the most viable service encounter that should be undertaken.
Introduction Foremost, a service represents the action of executing or performing something for something or even someone. Usually, a service is intangible.
Therefore, a service context has involved the creation of a series of challenges for the manager assigned to the duties of marketing for; he has the responsibility of communicating the benefits of a certain service. He does this by drawing parallels while incorporating imagery as well as the ideas, which not only can they be identified but are also tangible (Hoffman, Kelley
Brazil Offset Program Essay essay help: essay help
The term offset is an English word that is used to mean compensate or the act of counterbalancing. Offsetting is used in various fields depending on the different scenarios.
For instance, it can be used in the business world when a person settles a debt. In this report however, offsetting will be discussed in the line of military, whereby a comparison between the Brazilian and UAE offset programs in the defense system will be made.
In defense, an offset program is initialized with the aim of compensating the local industry with that from the foreign countries. In simple terms, an offset program entails getting defensive support from foreign contractors. “Offsetting provides an opportunity for purchasing governments to impose compulsory inward investment obligations on foreign suppliers” (Dempsey, 2011, p.1).
Among the many nations that have the offset programs is Brazil, which is located in South America. Despite the fact that Brazil is a peaceful nation, it has been able to dominate armed forces from America (Mitra, 2009, p.1). “The underlying policy by the Brazilian government is that the nation should be able to provide enough security for its citizens without having to deploy security personnel from other nations” (Mitra, 2009, p.1).
In a bid to achieve this goal, the Brazilian government has put in place funds to ensure that they purchase the latest military technologies from the foreign and expert countries like Japan. Research indicates that Brazil has been able to acquire the technologies “through such methods as licensed production, co-production and joint ventures although it has formally articulated its offsets policy quite recently” (Dempsey, 2011, p.1).
In all the aforementioned methods of technology acquisition, transfer has been the main mode of acquiring the offset program in Brazil. The major aeronautic company known as Embraer Corporation having been established in the year 1969 has proved to be the best offsetting program in the military industrialization.
This can be supported by the fact that Embraer has effectively absorbed and indigenized the foreign technologies as a way of offsetting the foreign deals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to this, Brazil has proved to significantly participate in the offsetting program through its importation of ammunition and the small arms that have been licensed in Italy, Britain, and Belgium among others. At the same time, Brazil is slowly becoming one of the leading manufacturers of firearms although it has not been given the authority to license them, hence using other nations that have the authority to do so.
On the other hand, the UAE has also established an offset program that is deemed to have been founded in 1992. Just like in Brazil, the offset program is aimed at establishing joint ventures at the local sector with those from international contractors and or members.
Research done indicates that a high percentage of the UAE citizens have been able to become shareholders the public joint stock companies. This has in turn led to increased power in the offset programs of the UAE. The main achievement of the UAE offset program is the ability of the government to be able to easily purchase and supply goods and or services through the aid of the local agents within the region.
With the main objective of the UAE Offset program being to diversify the economy of the UAE; this has been effectively achieved through enabling the ease and access of market and technology within the region and from abroad (Offset Program Bureau, 2011, p.1). As such, this has in turn created employment opportunities among the nationals of the UAE.
Reference List Dempsey, A. (2011). Don’t Fear the Offset. Web.
Mitra, A. (2009). A Survey of Successful Offset Experiences Worldwide. Journal of Defence Studies 3(1), 1-3. Web.
Offset Program Bureau. (2011). Defense Contractor: Offset Guidelines. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Brazil Offset Program specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Formation of Self Identity Term Paper college essay help: college essay help
Formation of self identity is the growth of distinct character of a person. The process is usually termed as enduring entity since it happens during the specific period of human life when an individual possesses characteristics which he/she is recognized with.
During that period of time in human life, they establish a reputation which they are identified with. Formation of self identity defines a person; who he is and how people see him (Dupre 8).
Individual’s entity includes logic of uniqueness, logic of continuity and logic of affiliation. Many issues are usually developed by identity formation and they include distinctness and individual identity whereby a person can comprehend who he or she is as a separate and distinct being.
Humans usually experience this through individuation when they apt to become unique. This paper mainly traces the theme of formation of self identity through the readings such as various liberal arts and my own experience as an individual.
A student may decide to major in philosophy but before he or she begins to study, he must be fully aware of benefits of the course. Recognizing a field of study is self identity since a person becomes aware of what he/she wants to obtain in the end.
Parents usually invest financially on their children when they take them to college and that is why they always have the desire to know benefits to them. Parents will invest as much money as they can in educating their children if they know that it will secure their future.
Those students who have chosen to major in the field of sociology, philosophy, anthropology or art history study liberal arts. There exists broad and versatile learning in liberal arts that forces students to immerse in studies.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is a unique element of American higher education and a foundation of vitality. Today, many students have decided to major in different careers and ignore liberal arts. This is because the curriculum allows students to specialize in what they want and feel comfortable with.
A student is allowed to choose a goal that is practical and most students believe that liberal arts are not practical. Administrators and faculty members have neglected to offer advice to students on the values of studying liberal arts.
Most students and families, however, do not think the same with administrators and faculty members. They believe that it is not worth sacrificing money and time on liberal arts since they will not get any practical return on their investment.
They believe that it is valueless to study liberal arts since the return is apparent.
Understanding the meaning of liberal arts and its purposes is what can make a person like this field of study. Many education institutions have failed to award undergraduate degree to liberal arts students.
In United States, 60 percent of undergraduate degrees offered by education institutions are in technical and pre-professional fields. Business courses account for 21% of the awards.
In 2006 report on improving American higher education, the special commission totally ignored the field of liberal arts and education and finished his speech without mention either of them.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Formation of Self Identity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In developing countries, the situation is even worse; many new institutions of higher learning only offer education on subjects which they view as practical which include: science, technology or business.
This is a common practice in China and Uganda; the government only gives scholarship awards to those students whom have pursed courses that are practical such as science, technology and engineering.
Students should understand that liberal arts comprise sciences and arts. Liberal arts can be contrasted with vocational education. Those students who major in liberal arts study psychology, history or biology.
They do not cover applied fields like criminal justice, journalism or agriculture. Having a clear understanding and knowledge of what liberal arts is comprise of, will enable students to make right choices.
For students to become successful, they require intensive intellectual dialogue between them and the faculty on diverse spheres of highest human values and concerns (Hallman 6).
Liberal arts education involves students in formal dimensions of discussions which make students active since they are engaged in different discussion groups. Based on Socrates thoughts, students learn more effectively if they are involved in a discussion or given a question to pursue on their own.
This is what is called active learning where students are involved in asking questions and they are being asked questions. Elusive answers are received after dialoging with their fellow students.
Students will determine who they are and what their thoughts are concerning significant issues in life if they are involved in meaningful discussions which are challenging and require them to ask questions and think harder.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Formation of Self Identity by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Students will also learn more about who they are if they are engaged in active learning where they can come up with their own questions and answers. This is what is termed as substantial learning.
Liberal arts students do more of substantial learning as compared to other field of education (Roche 12). Most of the times, liberal classes comprise peer discussions, independent research projects and service learning.
Essay examination, tutorials and oral examinations are some of the modes of which liberal arts learning is being fostered.
Students who participate actively during the learning process, who know how to connect the earlier knowledge to what they find meaningful are much brighter as compared to other students.
Being engaged outside the classroom substantive topics will make students enjoy their experience while in college. The more a student is involved in classroom, the greater their chances of learning deeply and developing personally.
This clearly shows that narrow education is not enough to enable students to identify what they want in life. The key to success in the global economic world today is liberal education.
This is because it introduces students to develop multiple perspectives on their own making them independent in such a way that they can make their personal judgment.
Liberal education enables students to acquire broad knowledge and it gives them multiple opportunities to gain real life skills that they can use in the outside world, for example, in identifying that internet is everything in today’s world since it provides us with all the answers that we need (Naughton 7).
Those students with broad knowledge are able to recognize that technology is what drives photography. They will also be able to give reasons why this is so by viewing at what photography is made of. Photography is surrounded by machines and that is what it is built of.
A bright student will be able to identify if the quality of an image has gone up or it has a sharper focus or the lighting in the camera is better or much higher or if the color has lushes. A student who is not bright will assume and believe that all cameras are designed that way.
Liberal students have skills that they can apply in many fields in today’s global economic world. This is because these students are curious and have the passion to know more and identify why certain things occur in life.
Only a bright student will be able to identify why there is war in the world and what can be done to overcome it. Some will see war as a natural thing which existed since Stone Age period.
Human beings are able to identify what is sacred because it shows and manifests itself. It is also totally diverse with profane. Something sacred is something unique which does not belong to this world; it may be an object or a stone which is different from natural ones that exist in the world.
Something that humans have identified as sacred is not adored in their form instead they are worshipped due to their hierophanies nature since they show something beyond their natural form.
Anything that has been identified as sacred by humans will change their form to something else yet it still retains itself since it continues to perform its cosmic milieu in the surrounding where it is located.
For example, a sacred tree will continue being a tree, nothing will distinguish it from all the other trees. Only those whom the tree reveals itself to be sacred will see it differently. They will consider it as a supernatural thing.
Those people who live in archaic societies tend to live a sacred life because they believe that it is power and reality itself. Their sacredness is saturated in their being human.
Archaic societies believe that everything is real and at the same time they value life and believe that it is worth enduring. This explains why religious people such as archaic have great desires for mortality, to join in reality and to be power saturated.
Sacred people usually believe that the world is not homogenous since they can undergo interruptions, break through it to some other space such as mass (Eliade 8).
Sacred people also believe in sacred spaces. They value these places more despite the fact that they are surrounded by other grounds. Non-homogeneity experience of religious people can be termed as primordial experience since it proceeds all outside world reflection.
To them it reveals the central axis and the fixed point for the future. Homogeneity of a space will break if a sacred place manifests in hierophany. It also reveals reality as compared to non-reality of the surrounding.
The world was found on the sacred ontologically manifestation. Sacred people believe that the world is nonaligned and homogeneous; it cannot be qualitatively differentiated or wrecked into various elements.
They, however, believe that geometrical space can be delimited and cut in all directions but cannot be differentiated qualitatively. It requires no orientation by virtue of its structural inherent.
It will be much easier to acquire orientation and obtain a fixed point in homogeneity chaos if sacred space is reveled. The world will be found and the people will have real sense about it.
Identification of sacred is a vast subject which concerns not only historians of religions but also sociologists, social historians, politicians, psychologist, ethnologists and philosophers.
These people have enabled us to understand the state of sacredness as assumed by religious people. They have made us understand the universe and the spiritual world. They have also enabled us to identify the characteristic mode of the world existence.
They have made us understand why sacred people believe in sacred life and the main reason being that it has a sacred origin. Human existence in the world therefore brings out the reality in life as believed by religious people.
Sacred people believe that man was created by the gods in the world while the cultural heroes are responsible for completion of creation. They believe that the history of existence of semi-divine and divine works is not reality but myths.
Devine behaviors possessed by man that keeps them closer to their gods are imitations induced by re-actualized sacred history. Non-religious people, however, have different views on the world. Non-religious people do not believe in transcendence while they acknowledge the concept of reality.
They do not also believe in the meaning of reality of life. Non-religious people are responsible for the development of western culture in the world. Modern non-religious people regard themselves as agents and subjects of history but they do not believe in transcendence.
Nonreligious beings do not recognize any humanity form that exists outside humans since they view it as an historical state. Nonreligious people believe that “Man makes himself, and he only makes himself completely in proportion as he desacralizes himself and the world (Eliade 18).”
They believe that sacredness is a great obstacle to human freedom since it bounds them to one belief. They also believe that after totally demystifying themselves they will become free people. Nonreligious individuals also believe that killing the last god is the only way to gaining their freedom in the world.
Works Cited Dupre, Ben. 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need To Know. New York: Quercus Books, 2007. Print.
Eliade, Mircea. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harcourt Publishers, 1959. Print.
Hallman, Max. Traversing Philosophical Boundaries. New York: Thomson/Wadsworth Publishers, 2007. Print.
Naughton, John. From Gutenberg To Zuckerberg: What You Really Need To Know About The Internet. New York: Quercus Books, 2012. Print.
Roche, Mark. Why Choose The Liberal Arts? Indiana: University Of Notre Dame Press, 2010. Print.
What Exactly Does It Mean To Be A Behaviorist? Essay custom essay help
In this book, the concept of a person being a behaviorist is critically observed. The influences of the behaviorist’s environment on the observations made by the same person are also under scrutiny.
This is because the behaviorist is also a part of the society and cultural structure. In addition, the ideal perception of a behaviorist while making important observations is discussed.
All conclusions made by a behaviorist are based on the characteristics that are physically observed alone, and do not include influences of beliefs and culture (Hallman 108).
A behaviorist has to observe the actions of an individual or a group of individuals in a relationship among themselves or other people. Behaviorism is closely related to study of organisms’ response to each other’s action.
This means that the behaviorist has to observe the behavior of two organisms while he or she is a subject to influences of experience in the society.
This experience significantly influences the manner in which behavior of the individual under observation is understood (Hallman109). The behaviorist has to make observations free of the influence of culture.
Since the behaviorist is obviously under influence of culture that has nurtured him or her, objectivity is required to accomplish the task of observation. Behavior of an organism has to be observed within a specific cultural context.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The study of human behavior involves objective observation without invoking the theory of the supernatural or the unknown. A human being is an organism in a behaviorist’s perception.
This way, the behaviorist is able to observe free of cross-cultural influence (Hallman 108). To a behaviorist, a human being is an organism that reacts to the changes in its environment, and is not guided by any other external influence other than biological factors (Hallman 110).
Why Does Mead Claim That A Multiple Personality Is In A Certain Sense Normal? Mead’s theory of self explores the concept of personality. He explains that people do not have a single personality. To mead, multiple personality is a common phenomenon among members of the society.
Multiple personality means that a person will assume the personality he or she thinks is the best for a particular situation at any moment.
A person’s behavior is modified by the impression he or she wants to make on other people with whom he or she interacts.
Depending on the impression an individual wants to make on another, one will assume different versions of self. Self means the personality of the individual whose behaviour is under scrutiny of the party on whom the impression is being made.
Since every individual wants to make different impressions on different people, every person will subconsciously assume a different personality while he or she is under observation from the party of interest.
We will write a custom Essay on What Exactly Does It Mean To Be A Behaviorist? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This assumption of different selves is not an action aimed at deceiving the other party, but is a subconscious action where one seeks to modify other people’s perception of their character.
The personality that is assumed by a person depends on the role of the particular individual in the relationship that he or she wants to make an impression on (Hallman 113).
Individuals in a society often observe multiple personality where the behaviour of another person towards them seems different from the behaviour of the same person towards a different party to whom there is a different relationship.
The person under observation does not intend to be observed by the two parties at the same time, but certain preferable people are the target of the present behaviour (Hallman 115).
This multiple personality is normal since individuals will always seek to modify the reaction of the environment to their behavior. People with whom they have different relationships will observe a single individual as having different personalities.
Works Cited Hallman, Max O.. Traversing philosophical boundaries. 4th ed. Australia: Wadsworth Pub Co, 2011. Print.
Financial Strategies of the Confederacy vs. Union Governments’ Economic Choices Essay essay help online: essay help online
While explaining the economic reality of the Confederacy in times of the Civil War, some fundamentals on the financial strategies of the Confederate and Union governments must be considered.
One of the major points, which is to be taken into account, is the Confederacy’s inflation financing. Thus, one is to keep in mind that there is a direct interdependence between the economic strategies of the Confederacy and their military failure.
On the other hand, effective financial choices of the Union are mostly associated with the so-called policy of combination. In other words, summing up loans, taxes and notes determined the success of Union governments’ military engagements.
The Thesis Statement The analysis of the economic policy of the Confederacy in times of the Civil War gives us an opportunity to understand how the government’s ability to secure resources to mobilize military forces influences the success of military engagement.
The Body Raising Funds As The Government’s Most Important Step To Succeed
As far as Southerners’ economic choices were mostly conditional, one can probably conclude that the major mistake of the Confederacy was that they failed in aggrandizement of federal power, when such opportunity was available.
Taking into account the fact that the Confederate governments were mostly focused on states’ rights and slavery, one can suppose that their financial strategies were not static.
It seems to be obvious that the government’s ability to raise funds, in order to support military strategies development as well as to reinforce administrative capabilities is extremely important for the war effort.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Of course, political incentives cannot be neglected, as they also influence financial choices.
The Economic Choices Of The Confederacy And The Union
The political basis of the Confederacy and the Union concerning war financing gives us an opportunity to trace back the interdependence between economic choices and military outcomes.
One of the most important issues, which cannot be ignored, is that “the key decision-makers on both sides knew each other well from previous experience in Washington; and the military and financial strategies that had been employed throughout the ante-bellum period were common knowledge” (Razaghian 2).
In other words, one can make a conclusion that the economic policies of the both sides had to be somewhat similar. In reality, the assumption, however, does not make any sense.
It is necessary to remember that the success of the Union can be explained by the government’s right decision to adopt long-term financial strategies.
The Confederacy, in their turn, lost time in effortless contemplation. It is a well-known fact that the Confederate government decided to leverage tax power, when such actions were not already necessary.
According to Razaghian, the major mistake of the Confederacy was that “they relied on loans and non-interest bearing notes” (3), while the success of the North can be explained by its government’s decision to collect taxes.
We will write a custom Essay on Financial Strategies of the Confederacy vs. Union Governments’ Economic Choices specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Importance Of The Key Political Interpretations
Generally, there are many opinions on the reasons of the Confederacy’s failure. For instance, the viewpoint that “the Confederacy lost because of disagreements between Jeffersonian governors and an increasingly centralized regime in Richmond” (Beringer et al. par. 2) is criticized by many historians, as the key political interpretations seems to be omitted.
Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation And Its Meaning
Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation is also to be highlighted, as it increased the chances of Union military victory.
Thus, one is to keep in mind that the impact of proclamation was mostly positive, as the Union gained the support of the masses, including the African-American population.
Moreover, it should also be pointed out that the inhaitants of both unoccupied and occupied territories provided the North with support.
The Demands Of The War
So, taking into consideration the financial policies of the sides, one can conclude that taxation can be regarded as the most appropriate strategy to succeed. However, there is a need to state that the demands of the war must be controlled.
In other words, as far as the demands can be changed, the government is to react immediately. Thus, new demands require new financial policies to be adopted. For the Confederacy, the understanding that taxes had to be increased came too late.
Thus, one of the members of the Confederate government stated: “We have been compelled to issue a large quantity of Treasury notes, when, perhaps, it would have been more to the true interest of the country to have resorted at first to high taxation” (“Southern Historical Society Papers” 458-459).
The Conclusion Finally, it is necessary to point out that irrational and short-term economic choices of the Confederacy led to their failure in the Civil War.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Financial Strategies of the Confederacy vs. Union Governments’ Economic Choices by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Immediate mobilization of military resources and reconsideration of certain economic requirements, however, cannot be regarded to be saving, as the North’s resources were more powerful.
If the Confederate governments relied on taxation in time, the only effect they could achieve is to limit the resources of the North; although military success could not been gained anyway.
It is the interdependence between political incentives and economic choices, which is of primary importance; as the incentives determine military outcomes.
Works Cited Beringer, Richard, Herman, Hattaway, Archer, Jones and William N. Still, Jr. Why the South Lost the Civil War. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 1986. Print.
Razaghian, Rose. Financing the Civil War: The Confederacy’s Financial Strategy, 2004.
“Southern Historical Society Papers.” New Number Series, 13 (1958):51. Print.
Investment Opportunity in American Fried Chicken Restaurant Essay essay help online
Introduction The company will focus on determining the profitability of investing $500,000 in the fried chicken restaurant business. The purpose of the research is to persuade the investors to infuse funds into the proposed fried chicken restaurant business for five years. The New York entity name is “American Fried Chicken”.
The researcher authorizes the administration to include this paper in the current registered academic program. Placing one’s scarce cash resources in the fried chicken business will profitably benefit the investors. BODY. Marketing strategy will ensure the investment fills the growing needs of fried chicken clients (Schlosser, 2012, p. 52). First, the company will produce quality Chicken products.
The chicken products will contain 12 secret herbs and spices. The current and prospective customers of the company will prefer to continually return for another fried chicken meal. Next, the company will advertise the benefits of buying the company’s fried chicken products. The company will spend $25,000 for advertising and promotion activities.
The company will take advantage of advertising its products using the television, newspaper, and radio alternatives. The company will set up the fast food restaurant chain in New York City. With the huge population, the company will be able to generate revenues and net profits. Lastly, the company will price the fried chicken products at reasonable prices.
The company will mimic the average price of the company’s biggest competitor, Kentucky Fried Chicken fast food chain. The company will also strive to sell competing fried chicken menu choices.
The menu choices are based on the popular Kentucky Fried Chicken menu choices. The food choices include the breakfast meal, the bucket meal, menu containing six fried chicken pieces, and menu containing two fried chicken pieces (Wenderoth, 2009, p. 7).
With the $500,000 investment, the entity will generate favorable investment reports (Stickney, 2009, p. 904). The first quarter financial performance projection, as shown in Appendix A, vividly indicates the company is projected to generate $300,000 revenues. The company is projected to generate $ 160,000 gross profit. The company is projected to produce a $70,000 net profit.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With the investment, the company’s generate higher financial performances. Appendix B shows the entity’s projected revenue amount is $360,000. The company is projected to generate a higher $ 198,000 gross profit. The company is projected to produce a higher $88,000 net profit.
The investors will surely generate dividend income from their $500,000 investment. Investors will be happy to see the company pay investor dividends (Bernstein, 2010, p. 4). Dividends crop up only if the company generates net income.
During 2013, appendix C shows that the $500,000 investment will generate $70,000 net income during the months of January, February, and March. The company should strive to increase its net profits during the next quarter, April to June. Appendix C shows the company’s first quarter financial reports will generate return on investment amounting to 14 percent financial statement analysis ratio.
The first quarter ratio will persuade the investors to invest more funds into the fried chicken business. If the company generates a net loss financial operating performance, the investors will be forced to divest their fried chicken investments. The company’s second quarter return on investment, as shown in Appendix D, shows that the same $500,000 investor fund will produce $88,000 net income during the months of April, May, and June.
The company should continue to increase its revenues further up the revenue trend line. The company must focus on advertising its products in order to increase its net profits during the next three months of July, August, and September.
Appendix D shows the company’s second quarter financial operating reports indicate that the company will generate a return on investment amounting to the higher 18 percent financial statement analysis ratio.
The second quarter ratio will significantly encourage the fried chicken company’s investors to invest additional funds into the fried chicken business. Because of the favorable ratio, more investors will be enticed to invest their scarce financial resources into the New York-based fried chicken business.
We will write a custom Essay on Investment Opportunity in American Fried Chicken Restaurant specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Concluding the above discussion, the company will focus on determining the feasibility of generating increasing profits in the fried chicken restaurant market segment. Advertising the restaurant’s fried chicken products will persuade current and prospective customers to visit the restaurant.
The advertisement will help increase the company’s current month’s revenues. In turn, the revenue increase will augment the company’s net profit amount. The research shows that the financial reports generate favorable business operation outcomes. Establishing a food store in New York will meet the local residents’ demand for high quality fried chicken food products.
The store will supply the high quality fried chicken menu choices to current and prospective New York customers. The net profit results will translate to returns on the investors’ funds.
In turn, the business outcome will encourage the current and prospective investors to pour more financial assets into the proposed fried chicken restaurant business, “American Fried Chicken”. Indeed, the New York-based fried chicken company will be established to ensure the investors will get their five year return on investment amounts.
References Bernstein, W. (2010). The Four Pillars of Investing: Lessonsfor Building a Winning Portfolio. New York: McGraw-Hill Press.
Schlosser, E. (2012). Fast Food Nation. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Press.
Stickney, C. (2009). Financial Accounting. New York: Cengage Learning Press.
Wenderoth, M. (2009). Particularities in the Marketing Mix for Service Operations. New York: Grin Press.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Investment Opportunity in American Fried Chicken Restaurant by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Appendix Appendix A
Appendix C. First Quarter’s return on investment
Appendix D. Second Quarter’s return on investment
Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy Development Report college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Corporate Strategy
Introduction The business world is getting more sensitive and very competitive. Given the definition of a company, it would be right to say that a business unit is an entity, a person who can be viewed independently as a member of the society.
It therefore has an obligation to ensure that it participates in the normal developmental projects that other members of the society are involved in. The manufacturing companies are the leading polluters of the environment. The retail stores are also adding to this pollution.
Wal-Mart for instances, wraps its products with plastic papers which are poorly disposed and turn into menace in our environments. Many of the manufacturing firms emit the greenhouse gases into the environment, causing massive pollution (Keinert, 2008).
They therefore have great responsibility to the society. It takes away a very important item which it must find a way of compensating in order to ensure success.
There are a number of ways through which a firm can give back to the society. Corporate Social Responsibility is one of the most important activities for most of the corporate businesses in giving back to the society.
It is a kind way of appreciating the fact that the community is important. It is a fine way of telling the society that the firm appreciates its support. This way, the society will come to the realization that it is acknowledged by the firm.
This would create trust and a close tie between the community and the firm. It is one of the best ways of making a firm part and parcel of the community. This way, the community would not view the business as just a simple business unit out for pure gains in profits.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They will see the firm as one of their own and therefore will feel obliged not only to offer it any assistance and protection it may require, but would naturally be turned into a pool of loyal customers.
Asongu (2007) says that corporate social responsibility cannot be avoided by any firm that hopes to succeed in the market.
Coming up with an appropriate corporate social responsibility is one of the biggest challenges in the twenty first century. The cultures of societies around the world are varied.
For a firm with an international outlook, there is a serious need to develop a strategy through which this process can be made a success. Corporate social responsibility can be taken from many fronts.
There are different activities that a firm can do as a corporate social responsibility. However, what may be appreciated by the American society may not be the same thing that the people of the United Arabs Emirates appreciate.
This is not only because of the cultural difference between the two countries but also the difference in economic status. The United States is a developed country. Some of the activities that a firm may do in this country may fail to make any significant impact to the country’s population, but may mean a lot in another country.
The biggest huddle will be for a firm to precisely determine what would be needed in each society. This would call for a deep understanding of the society not just from the economic terms, but also the socio-cultural and political fronts.
We will write a custom Report on Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This paper seeks to develop corporate social responsibility strategy that would enable this firm be seen in a new perspective as a listening and caring partner to the society members within its areas of operations
The Corporate Strategy The world is getting increasingly competitive. As the chief executive of the Dubai Electronics, the researcher has come to the realization that the business world has gotten more competitive.
The suppliers are getting more and more assertive in this country, not because they have the monopolistic power, but because they have managed to cut the direct link between the manufactures and the large scale retailers like this firm.
They have formed a pool amongst themselves, making them speak with one voice, giving them greater bargaining power. On the other hand, customers are getting increasingly knowledgeable because of the constant exposure to information through the social and mass media.
Large retailers like Dubai Electronics have to face a further challenge of stiff and unhealthy competition amongst themselves, making it difficult for a firm to survive.
Given such an environment, a firm may not be in a position to prosper unless it develops a strategy to attract the customers and controls the suppliers.
One of the best ways of appealing to both parties is through developing an appropriate corporate social responsibility that would make it be seen as a firm that is beyond personal gains of making the profits.
Both the customers and the suppliers would see the firm as a member of the society who is concerned with a positive transformation of the society. Kline (2010) says that a diligently executed corporate social responsibility will act as a special way of creating awareness of the firm.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It will also go beyond in convincing the society that this firm is a part of the society. This would generate reputation for the firm within the society.
As stated above, there is a need to have a deep understanding of the society before coming up with an activity to conduct as a social responsibility.
Given that this firm is an affiliate to the American firm which is actually the parent country, the head office most likely have strategies that have worked well in the home country.
Given the difference in the social context of the two countries, the strategy may not be as successful as it was in the home country here in United Arabs Emirates.
There is therefore a need to develop a new strategy that would be successful here in United Arabs Emirates.
Bird (1977) says that in developing a business strategy, it is important that a firm understands the problems that bedevil the society. It may be in the financial, environmental or social end.
Financial Responsibility United Arabs Emirates is one of the leading economies in the Middle East. However, it is very important to note that this wealth is held by the few members of the society.
A good number of the citizens of this country are poor. When developing a corporate social responsibility, it is very important that this firm brings in the factor that it may be financially responsible for this society.
There are various activities that this firm can undertake to demonstrate its financial responsibility. One factor that is gaining a lot of public attention is the need to ensure that both male and female members of the society get equal opportunities in the society.
This country has its majority population professing Islam as their religious group. For a long time, the Islamic society had not given a lot of emphasis on the importance of taking the girl child to school just like the boys.
However, due to the massive international pressure from various world organizations and the rapid change of the societal structure caused by the emerging technologies, the society has come to embrace the need to educate both male and female children.
Many firms have gotten into this wave and are sponsoring several girls at different levels of education. Some of the main rivals of this firm have been very vocal in advocating for the need to ensure that the girls of this society go to school.
They have committed themselves financially to get involved in the process of educating these children. It is important that this firm also gets involved in this activity because of the publicity that it has.
However, it is important that this firm takes a different approach from that taken by other firms. While the other firms have been moved by the euphoria and the wave that is keen to ensure that the girl child is given her rightful position in the society, the boy child is increasingly getting neglected.
A survey by Majer (2011) demonstrates that male members of the society are by far more enthusiastic about electronics than the female members of the society. By posing as a crusader for the female members of the society at the expense of male, the firm risks the loss of this important segment of the market.
As such, the researcher proposes that this firm must take a common ground that would be viewed as neutral by all the members of the society.
The firm may commit itself to financially help bright students in their education, irrespective of their gender. This way, the firm will be able to strike-off as a gender sensitive organization that does not discriminate any member of the society on the basis of gender or otherwise.
According to Urip (2010), getting financially involved in the education of needy children in the society is one of the most effective ways of conducting corporate social responsibility.
This is because it leaves a permanent mark to the people involved. It also makes the other members of the society feel that this firm is taking parental responsibility because it feels like one of the parents in the society. This will help the firm develop a base of loyal customers.
The customers would easily be evangelists of the firm because they would develop personal ties with it. In this case, this firm would be going for double benefits.
While it will receive the reputation as a firm that cares for the education of bright children of this society just as other rival firms would, it shall cut across both genders and it would be seen as a firm that appreciates both genders in equal measure. This would make it retain the male customers, and appeal to the female customers.
There are other ways of getting financially responsible to the society. The researcher proposes that a given amount of money should be set aside by this firm to enable it help the society members in case of a calamity.
This fund can be kept to wait for such a time that this society has a calamity such as fire tragedy or other forms of accidents. It can then chip in to offer financial assistance to the affected members by paying their hospital bills or giving any other financial aid that would be within the budget for this task.
It is important to note that this process should not be misinterpreted. The society should be able to appreciate that this firm is determined to help when there is a pressing need for the same, and not that it is a prophet of doom.
Environmental Responsibility Environmental conservation has been synonymous to corporate social responsibility. Whenever a firm mentions the need to conduct a corporate social responsibility, what comes to mind is environmental conservation.
In the world over, there is the need to conserve the environment. The Kyoto protocol was developed when the nations around the world came to the realization that the world was losing its forests at an alarming rate. The emission of greenhouse gases was also on the rise.
Many of the manufacturing firms have been accused of emitting poisonous gases into the environment. Such gases are not only poisonous to people when they are inhaled directly, but also cause an adverse effect to the natural environment.
They affect the ozone layer and also interfere with other natural aspects of the environment hence causing a complete disruption in the pattern of weather. It is even worse that the forest cover is getting eliminated at an equally alarming rate.
It is the forests that can be in a position to counter the effects of the manufacturers’ emissions. However, if the very forest is being destroyed, then it becomes a big challenge to help the natural environment.
Large retail stores like the Dubai Electronics have not gone without blame either. The Greenbelt Movement has accused most of the retailing stores of worsening the situation that has already been made bad by the manufacturers.
They claim that it is the retail stores that contribute to the pollution of environment with the non-biodegradable plastic bags which they use to wrap their products. As a retailer, the researcher proposes that this firm gets involved in the environmental conservation of this nation.
There are various fronts in which this firm can undertake this social responsibility to the environment. The first approach is to ensure that its own wastes are well taken care of, given the fact that it is located in the heart of Dubai city.
This firm may consider changing its wrappers. Instead of using the non-biodegradable plastic papers, this firm can develop paper wrappers or better still, reduce the wrapping and encourage the use of permanent bags that can be reused when one goes shopping.
This way, the firm would be in a position to reduce the level of pollution within this city. The researcher also proposes that the firm should consider the process of planting trees and flowers within its compound besides the fences and the lighting system.
The firm can also sponsor tree planting activities within the city and its environs. This would boost the forest cover of this nation, making it easy for carbon in the air to be eliminated hence enhances purification of air.
The researcher also proposes that this firm should sponsor a television and radio advertisement on the importance of environmental conservation and the role each member can play in order to ensure that the environment remains unaffected by the effect of industrial revolution taking place in the United Arabs Emirates and other neighboring countries.
Social Responsibility The other important aspect of corporate social responsibility is the social aspect of the environment. Within the society, there are some social issues that warrant the attention of the members of the society.
One issue that has been a real cause of concern in this society in social sphere is the child trafficking and forced labor. There has been an international outcry that this country has been one of the destinations of kidnapped children.
According to Weiss (2011), children who are kidnapped find their way to this country as home workers or industrial laborers. This firm has the responsibility to sensitize the society against engaging in such acts. This scholar notes that this trend has negative effect both to the kidnapped individuals and the hosts.
There are numerous occasions where some of these foreigners who are abducted from other countries have engaged in serious criminal activities just to ensure they get back to their home countries.
As a concerned firm, the researcher proposes the Dubai Electronics launch a campaign against child trafficking through road shows and other such social forums.
Another issue that this firm should consider is the labor laws. The United Arabs Emirates has been petitioned severally over the issue of contravening the labor laws. There are claims that many firms in this country do not respect their employees.
This firm has the responsibility to ensure that the social welfare of its members is well taken care of. They should not be put under any inhumane working conditions while within this firm.
The employees in various stores of this retail market should always be allocated time off-work, so that they may have some good time with their families.
To the customers, this firm has the responsibility of ensuring that they are caring and ready to listen to any customer who may need their attention at any time.
They also have the right to get correct information from the firm in regard to the stock of the firm and the services they offer.
Conclusion Corporate Social Responsibility is one the most current strategies of marketing a firm. The market is so competitive that any misstep by a firm would lead to its automatic fall.
Corporate social responsibility comes in as a way through a firm can show its concern to the society’s well being. In such competitive markets, it is very important that this firm comes with strategy that would make the firm stand out among the rest, as the preferred firm that is able to understand the needs of the society.
As stated above, this firm has three approaches to its corporate social responsibility. The first front is the financial aspect. The firm can engage in various charitable activities in the society that may involve giving out financial support to the members of the society.
Environmentally, the firm may get involved in such activities that would ensure it is seen as an agent of pollution-free environment.
Socially, the firm should not only ensure that its employees working conditions are bearable, but also make the society appreciate the importance of respecting the rights and freedom of every member of the society.
References Asongu, J. (2007). Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility in Practice. Lawrenceville: Greenview Publishing Co.
Bird, A. (1977). Team structure and success as related to cohesiveness and leadership. Journal of Social Psychology, 103(2), 217-223.
Keinert, C. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility as an International Strategy. Heidelberg: Springer.
Kline, J. (2010). Ethics for International Business: Decision-Making in a Global Political Economy. New York: Routledge.
Majer, C. (2011). The silent killers of productivity and profit. T D, 65(2), 62.
Urip, S. (2010). CSR Strategies: Corporate Social Responsibility for a Competitive Edge in Emerging Markets. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Weiss, W. H. (2011). Building morale, motivating, and empowering employees. Supervision, 72(9), 23.
Marketing Research: BP Oil Company Report (Assessment) essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction BP is an organization involved in oil and gas industry globally, its headquarters are in London, Britain. BP is one of the largest global companies and is involved in activities such as exploration, refining of crude oil, distributing, generating power and production of renewable energy among other roles.
The company operates in over 80 nations across the globe and manages more than 22,400 gas outlets globally (Cheremisinoff and Davletshin 443). The United States division is the largest outlet for BP and thus plays a huge role to the organization as far as revenue generation is concerned.
Current Business Problem With the division in the US being the most important for the company, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill has had many negative effects to the company. The oil spill led to deaths of 11 people, loss of trust in the company, destruction of the surrounding ecosystem and a bad reputation for the organization (Farrell 43).
Tourism, marine life and the ecology were enormously affected in the coast by the oils spillage. BP has already spent over $3.12 billion on the spillage on actions such as containing the spillage, responding to the disaster, drilling the well, payment of grants to the states affected by the spillage, payment of claims and costs to the federal government (Cheremisinoff and Davletshin 443).
The spill was the largest oil disaster in the history of the industry in regards to off shore drilling in the United States. The problem is identifying the challenges the company is facing in the United States after the oil spillage and the impact of this event by applying ethical perspectives.
BP Competition BP is a global company that faces huge competition from other organizations that deal with oil, gas, and petrochemicals. There exist huge competition within the industry as well as in other industries in regards to the supply of gas, fuel and meeting other needs of the energy sector, commerce, industrial, and for home use (Hitt et al. 50-54).
There is need by organizations to cut costs and management of BP to focus on efficiency and gaining support of the market. Some of the main competitors of BP include Total, ExxonMobil Corporation, Chevron Corporation, Schlumberger Limited, and ConocoPhillips among others (Hitt et al. 65). These companies are involved in the energy sector in the United States.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Population Sample The sample population shall be 150 individuals from the areas affected by the Gulf of Mexico oil spill as well as staff of BP. The geographical area shall be mainly in the Louisiana Coast and shall include organizations and individuals in the region. To be eligible as a respondent, one must be a resident of the area.
Steps in the Research Process The research shall involve the development of the survey, which includes the various stages that shall be applied in conducting the research. This will include use of questionnaires. The descriptive data analysis shall include the presenting of the results after the profile of each respondent has been analyzed and the information recorded.
The measurement scale analysis will evaluate the measurement scale analysis that shall be employed in the analysis of the information. The assessment section assesses the results after the analysis and is essential in determining the recommendations and developing a conclusion for the study. The recommendations and conclusion shall be necessary to the management in the future determination of BP’s path.
BP is one of the most outstanding oil and gas world companies. Despite the power and success of this company it is impossible to appeal to every representative of the world market that is why most popular companies focus on the target market or subsets of the overall markets. Identifying the target market is one of the most important methods to have a success at the world market.
It is necessary to know the customer in order to satisfy their demands. Different factors about target market such as population, interests, the level of life and the level of business activity should be taken into account. There are a lot of questions that should be put during identifying the target market:
How large is your target market now? How large has it been? How large can it become in the near future?
What are the geographical boundaries of your target market?
How many people use your products? What do you know about these people?
How sensitive is your target market to price changes?
What are the trends in your market?
How mature is your market (shrinking, growing, and stable)? (Griffin 33).
The target market of BP has been broadened from its foundation. The products of BP are sold in Europe, Africa, Asia, the North and South America and Australasia (Maharg-Bravo, Swann and Cox 39). The market is growing now and it will be broader in the near future. First of all, the company should focus on the potential customer itself.
It is necessary to know why these people are your customers and how they use your products. BP takes into account different groups of consumers and they seek to satisfy all their demands. For example, in October 2005 BP produced a new fuel including three separate products: BP Ultimate 102 Unleaded, BP Ultimate Unleaded and BP Ultimate Diesel satisfying the demands of different groups of consumers (BP in Business 78). Each consumer may choose the necessary fuel.
We will write a custom Assessment on Marketing Research: BP Oil Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More BP resorts to the use of primary and secondary researches firstly to find out what segments the market is divided into and secondly to assess the particular product requirements for each of them. The main aim of primary research is to find new information that has not been already researched. For example, BP asked their customers about their points of view about the new BP Ultimate range.
Questionnaires, personal interviews, postal surveys, telephone interviews, focus groups are used in primary researches to obtain the necessary information. Secondary research is based on the results that have been achieved in previous studies. For example, BP uses information about the predictions of customers’ future demands.
A proper sampling technique should be used in a good market research. It is impossible to ask every customer about his/her point of view and demands. That is why it is necessary to choose the representatives from different groups from the target market to take into account the changes of their demands.
‘Sampling’ is the process of deciding who takes part in the primary research namely whose point of view should be taken into account. There are a lot of ways to do it namely quota, random, cluster or stratifying sampling. Factually, primary research is used to define the target market namely its personality traits, interests and lifestyles.
BP target market is known as mainly medium-sized businessmen (Amanjeev 47). They are people who use their automobiles nearly every day and the quality of petroleum is very important for them.
It should be noted that there are successful businessmen who can afford themselves a high-priced gasoline and the beginners who do not spend a lot of money and have to save their money buying cheap gasoline. That is why there are different categories of fuel produced by BP catering for all these groups.
The main interest of the consumers is to have a qualitative fuel paying for it not a lot of money. There are a lot of cases when consumers complain to the fuel that spoils their transport. The quality is one of the basic aims for BP that is why this company has become popular among consumers appreciating it.
From the above said, we may conclude that identifying the target market which is made with the help of primary research with the use of different ways of questionnaires is very important at developing and broadening the popularity of the company.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Research: BP Oil Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More BP has a success as far as it has always focused on the demands of its consumers and done all their best to satisfy these demands from its foundation. The interests of consumers are at the top of BP’s basic aims. The quality is very important to a consumer that is why ‘what’ BP does is as important as ‘how’ they do it (Research and Markets 34).
It should be noted that BP Company is developing now and more and more consumers use their products that makes this company take into account the demands of different groups of their consumers. Target market is a potential client influencing the success of the company.
Marketing Research In the designing of this study, 19 to 40 year olds will be the sample upon which an approximate 300 will be interviewed or supplied with questionnaires. The purpose of choosing this age bracket is to obtain as many BP users as possible and to make sure that they are informed about the company’s operations as well as problems that have been surrounding the company.
For one to qualify as a participant, the audience will be asked to produce their licenses or recite their license numbers. This will not be indicated in any phase of the study to observe ethics of the study. The purpose of the study is to establish the marketing characteristics of BP through the observation of users’ experience.
The objective of the study will be to investigate the business strategies of BP under their operational model and to compare the current model with the previous. The study is dedicated to any subject interested in venturing into business (shareholders mostly) with BP.
Choosing the Audience The audience of the study is focused only to grownups with licenses and with experience in the using of BP products. The reasons that youths and unlicensed persons are not included in this study or are not considered the right audience is due to their status, both financially and take on responsibilities.
Users of products are the best target groups when reviewing or investigating on the producers of a product (Benoit 37). In this case, it will give them an insight of the company they secure products and services. Considering the use of BP’s products, licensed people who drive regularly and with active schedules are intended to be the audience of this study.
This is because they connect with the services of the company as well as its products. “On the other hand, investors make a better audience because they take interest in finding out the operational models of the company they invest in as well as its strategic solution to some present problems or plans – reason to cover both groups” (Silverstein
Marketing and Its Importance for Modern Organizations Definition Essay essay help site:edu
Modern companies make substantial investments in marketing; in fact, this set of activities is usually essential for their sustainability. This is why it is necessary to define marketing and explain its importance for modern organizations. In my opinion, this term can be understood as every activity that is aimed at creating an extra value for the customers and ensuring that the company’s products or services appeal to the buyers.
This is one of the possible explanations of this concept. But there are other definitions. For instance, Julian Gaspar says that marketing is “the determination of the needs and desires of markets so that products and services can be developed, prices, promoted, and distributed” (2005, p. 276).
This interpretation focuses on specific activities that are involved in marketing. Other scholars emphasize the role customers and their needs. For example, Alan Fyall and Brian Garrod argue that marketing consists in determining the needs of target markets or finding ways of satisfying these needs (2005, p. 7). Thus, one can say that this term can be discussed from different perspectives.
Overall, these definitions show that marketing plays a vital role in many organizations. First of all, it is important for understanding what clients actually want or what they expect from products or services of companies. This is why a great number of businesses conduct customer surveys in order to determine what kind of things buyers value most of all.
For instance, software developers usually encourage users to test their products long before they are released. In this way, they can better users’ needs and eliminate the defects of products. Thus, marketing is essential for increasing customers’ satisfaction.
Additionally, marketing is important for increasing customers’ awareness about their products. Without it, companies can hardly hope for substantial revenues. This is why they develop strategies for spreading the information about their offerings.
As a rule, they spend much time determining what kind of media is most suitable for them. For instance, they can choose television, radio, or internet. Their choice may depend on their product or the lifestyles of clients. These examples show that marketing strategies can be effective only if they take into account the behavior of clients.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, marketing is important for retaining customers and differentiating the company among its competitors. This task is crucial for retaining strong positions in the market. Therefore, organizations develop different strategies for achieving this goal. For example, some of them attempt to win the clients’ loyalty by setting lower prices for their products or offering some bonuses.
However, many organizations pay more attention to the quality of their products or services. For instance, some producers increase the guarantee period while others attempt to customize their products and services. For instance, car manufacturers can design vehicles according to customers’ requirements.
This is how they try to appeal to the clients. These activities are aimed gaining the loyalty of clients, and they are closely related to marketing. People, who develop marketing strategies, have to find ways of differentiating their products or services among others.
On the whole, these examples demonstrate that marketing is closely related to many activities of a company such as product development, advertisement, after-sales services, pricing and so forth. Moreover, marketing should be based on the in-depth knowledge of customers, products, competitors, and the industry, in general; otherwise it can hardly achieve its goals.
Reference List Fyall, A.
The Problem of Codes of Ethics Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The relations between people within society are traditionally regulated by definite norms and principles which are often discussed as ethical canons or rules. From this point, ethical principles and rules are based on the concept of morality which is considered as the universal notion.
Thus, the development of all the persons’ interactions should depend on the principles of morality. Ethical norms exist within society without their fixing as laws, but they are realized with references to the moral development of this or that individual.
People clearly understand what is morally good and what is bad. However, there are a lot of codes of ethics which are worked out for different professions. According to these codes, the ethical norms and principles are fixed and should be followed strictly.
This fact provokes the discussion about the significance of the codes for professions and their difference from the traditional non-fixed ethical principles used in society.
In his article “The Quest for a Code of Professional Ethics: An Intellectual and Moral Confusion”, John Ladd argues that ethical codes are absurd and unnecessary because ethical norms cannot be organized as it is given in codes.
In this case, ethical norms acquire the features of laws, and this fact contradicts to the idea of ethical principles.
Although the position of John Ladd is rather controversial and has some problematic issues to be discussed, the researcher’s vision is quite reliable and based on a lot of arguments. Thus, his critique has both strengths and weaknesses.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The representatives of different professions should communicate and cooperate with their colleagues and clients according to the definite code of ethics. Nevertheless, Ladd states that an organized professional ethics can be discussed as a kind of absurdity because of confusing the principles of ethics with corporate laws (Ladd).
It is possible to agree with the author’s point of view that ethics is based on the principles of openness and reflectivity.
Moreover, persons are autonomous that is why their moral behavior can depend only on the personal visions of moral or immoral actions and behaviors (Ladd).
Thus, the attempts to determine the ethical norms as rules which are necessary to follow according to the standards of the profession or organizations’ activity can be discussed as opposite to the fundaments of ethics.
From this point, it is important to distinguish between the code of ethics and the code of conduct.
If the code of ethics includes those principles which can be considered as the code of conduct in the context of the definite profession, the notion of the code of ethics becomes meaningless.
Therefore, Ladd’s opinion on the fact that the code of ethics begins to be developed as the disciplinary code is credible. The author logically develops his argument and continues the discussion of the controversial points of the question with accentuating the idea that ethics is the same for everyone.
We will write a custom Essay on The Problem of Codes of Ethics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More That is why it is impossible to speak about the specific ethical norms for different professions (Ladd). According to Ladd, ethical issues can also be presented as the objects of macro-ethics and micro-ethics.
When the representatives of one profession are discussed as the social group their ethical or non-ethical behavior can influence as the whole society as individuals within it, and it is a problem of macro-ethics.
The aspects of this field are more controversial in comparison with the aspects of micro-ethics which is associated with personal relations (Ladd).
However, Ladd does not pay much attention to this or that category, and it is possible to disagree with his position depending on Luegenbiehl’s point of view that “the adoption of a code is significant for the professionalization of an occupational group, because it is one of the external hallmarks testifying to the claim that the group recognizes an obligation to society that transcends mere economic self-interest” (Luegenbiehl 138).
John Ladd develops his argument with emphasizing the idea that ethical norms and rules cannot be imposed authoritatively because their realization is connected with definite procedures and laws which are worked out as a result of decision making process, and this fact contradicts to the principles of ethics in its association with morality.
Ladd’s approach can be discussed as argumentative, but quite logical. The main concepts which are presented in codes of ethics for different professions reflect the universally adopted visions of the ethical behavior that is why the representatives of definite professions behave according to the general ethical norms which are expanded in the context of this or that profession.
In this case, the code of ethics is the collection of well-known ethical principles and rules according to which people regulate their behavior every day. Thus, is it necessary to develop different codes of ethics for a lot of professions, if their basics are the same and depend on accepted visions of ethical and non-ethical behavior?
John Ladd states that the development of codes of ethics is the meaningless process because of its uselessness (Ladd).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Problem of Codes of Ethics by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, people can disagree with the author’s opinion with references to the groups of representatives of professions as collectives and their definite obligations according to the peculiarities of their activities.
Nevertheless, these peculiarities can be described in the codes of conduct without discussing them as the codes of ethics.
According to Ladd, the development of codes of ethics has definite objectives, and it is possible to determine benefits and negative aspects of this process (Ladd). Such an approach to the discussion of the problem provides the readers of the article with the opportunity to agree on many ideas presented by the author.
It is rather difficult to indicate the specific objectives of using the codes of ethics which could refer to definite professions. Thus, the norms which are provided in the codes of ethics can be analyzed as the significant rules of the ethical behavior for the specialists.
Ladd states that such rules can inspire the professionals and remind them about the necessity to act ethically, especially in those situations which are listed in the code (Ladd). Nevertheless, this statement can be discussed as contradictory to the point that it is meaningless to organize specific codes of ethics.
Thus, there are a lot of persons which can behave and act unethically and without any reference to the principles of morality.
From this point, the code of ethics is not only the collection of the rules, but the factor of limiting the possibilities for the professional’s unethical behavior in relation to colleagues, clients, or any group of people within the society.
However, it is only one side of the problem. Codes of ethics cannot include all the controversial aspects which are important for professionals to avoid or follow. They can only be used as the collection of the useful points.
Moreover, it is interesting to refer to Luegenbiehl’s opinion that moral conflicts should be solved effectively, but codes of ethics do not provide employees and managers with the necessary base for overcoming conflicts and ethically problematic situations (Luegenbiehl).
When these codes can be used for resolving conflicts, they are relevant to the disciplinary codes in which the professionals’ possible risks and responsibilities are given.
Discussing the code of ethics for the definite professions as the way to regulate the relations between the employers, employees, and clients, it is possible to speak about the domination of the micro-ethical problems (Ladd).
However, this approach also accentuates the facts that there are no extremely significant differences between the ethical norms and principles for different professions because they are based on the single vision of morality as the category, and the confusion between the code of ethics and the code of conduct leads to the wrong usage of the notion of the code of ethics.
Moral norms and rules cannot be imposed on people authoritatively as the part of the certain procedure because it is a human right to choose or not to act according to the canons of morality.
To support this idea, Ladd proposes the notions of suppression and tyranny in order to emphasize the difference between the code of conduct and ethical norms which should be followed without any pressure.
Ladd concludes that it is impossible to codify ethics as the special collection of norms for this or that profession because of the impossibility to use the fixed norms in relation to the phenomenon of morality (Ladd).
However, in spite of the position of such researchers as Ladd and Luegenbiehl according to the necessity of working out the codes of ethics for different professions, these codes are still developed and actively used.
What is their role in regulating the relations within organizations? It is possible to speak about the defense of the interests of the representatives of certain professions and about the increase of the status of these professions.
People are inclined to trust those persons who act in relation to some limits and regulations even in connection with the questions of morality. From this point, the code of ethics can be discussed as a kind of guarantee for people to get the qualified service or cooperate effectively.
Nevertheless, the real situations provide the evidences for supporting the idea that codes of ethics are ineffective for resolving conflicts which are based on the misunderstandings associated with moral issues.
Having analyzed John Ladd’s vision of the problem of codes of ethics presented in his work “The Quest for a Code of Professional Ethics: An Intellectual and Moral Confusion”, it is necessary to conclude that the notions of the code of ethics and the code of conduct should not be confused.
Thus, codes of ethics are ineffective for overcoming the conflicts between professionals which are based on ethical or moral issues.
However, well-developed codes of conduct can be used as the effective means to resolve the conflicts and regulate the problematic situations because these norms can be imposed authoritatively, and employers and managers can require their absolute following when principles of ethics depend on the person’s free choice.
Works Cited Ladd, John. “The Quest for a Code of Professional Ethics: An Intellectual and Moral Confusion”. Ethical Issues in Engineering. Ed. Deborah G. Johnson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1991. 130-136. Print.
Luegenbiehl, Heinz C. “Codes of Ethics and the Moral Education of Engineers”. Ethical Issues in Engineering. Ed. Deborah G. Johnson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1991. 137-154. Print.
Globalization Impact on Modern World Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Gradually, the world’s population is becoming integrated in to one community. Interaction between people from various continents and countries is bringing people together such that the national boundaries and racial differences are becoming of little significance. This process has been facilitated by the growing entertainment industry.
Prior to the modern communication and the internet, the major mode of interaction between people of different races from different geographical locations was through trade. Missionary work was also a significant contributor to this phenomenon. However, the recent developments in communication have elicited interest in different races in terms of cultural and social interaction. The major factors in this interaction are the internet and mobile telephony (Crothers, 2007).
One unique development that is a result of globalization is the popularity of the pop culture. Beginning with pop music, which has been in the market for a significant period, the pop lifestyle has become embedded into the lives of the majority of young Americans.
This culture has been promoted primarily by globalization of economy. Global entertainment industry is doing remarkably well due to the adoption of the culture in other countries (Bertho, 2008). The growing importance of the industry through globalization has a serious effect on the American youth.
Most of the prominent figures in the entertainment industry have grown immensely rich due to their worldwide sales. Consequently, the perception of the American people towards entertainment industry is overwhelmingly positive.
While the American customs are becoming more popular around the world, pop culture emerges as the most popular aspect of the said social customs. In turn, the American youth is becoming more inclined to emulating the leading proponents of the culture (Bertho, 2008).
The popular trend is enhanced by the concept of free trade that is being increasingly adopted by the world economies, with the United States being the chief campaigner for the liberalization of trade. American entertainment services dominate the European entertainment markets, and are also dominant in the developing nations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since the entertainment industry is an important sector of the economy, the United States government does not regulate its trend even with the increasing social concerns. Canadian media is also dominated by United States’ entertainment and information services such that the Canadian media is indistinguishable from United States’ broadcasts (Dunn, 1995).
The picture painted by the entertainment industry is not accurate. Entertainment art relies on exaggerated drama and fiction, which is primarily an imaginative field. However, the American youth seems to be indifferent to the fictitious natures of this illusion.
Although this industry has a positive effect on the economy, there is a growing concern that it is overwhelming other important areas of knowledge. Most children and young adults have been absorbed by the popularity of the American culture so that they have abandoned most of the important realms of knowledge that are crucial to the stability and wellbeing of future generations.
For example, rock music, which has preoccupied most young Americans due to its popularity around the world, advocates for abandoning of the concept of tradition, and adopting a more liberal approach to life (Crothers, 2007). This perception is more pervasive than helpful to the American people.
There is also fear that homogenization of the economy and the entertainment industry will eventually erode the American culture and identity.
Furthermore, the cultures of the world society are speculated to merge into one homogenous culture in the future. This way, the distinct identities of different cultures will be dissolved. Moreover, this has started manifesting in the adoption of a single pop culture in the entertainment industry.
References Bertho, M. (2008). The impact of globalization on the United States. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
We will write a custom Essay on Globalization Impact on Modern World specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Crothers, L. (2007). Globalization and American popular culture. Lanham, Md.: Rowman
The Code of Ethics for Engineers Essay best college essay help
One of the main conditions of the modern society’s successful development is its dependence on the moral principles and canons which are worked out and accepted by the society in order to regulate the character of relations within it. Moral principles belong to the field of ethics which influences all the aspects of the people’s life.
Thus, people are oriented to following the moral norms which are developed to control the elements of their personal life and interpersonal relations, and there are also moral codes and canons which can be successfully used for realizing business activities and business relations.
These principles are in the field of the business ethics. Moreover, each profession has its own code of ethics according to which the relations within the definite industry or company are realized. It is important that the codes of ethics for different professions as the aspects of the people’s life depend on the traditional approaches to moral norms and principles which were argued by such philosophers as Aristotle, Kant, and Bentham.
Thus, the canons, rules of practice, and professional obligations for engineers are based on the elements of the ethics developed by these philosophers in the context of the person’s voluntary nature to perform this or that action, with dependence on his or her moral duty for this action, or on discussing this action according to its right or wrong consequences.
It is stated in the preamble to the code of ethics for engineers that “the services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality, fairness, and equity, and must be dedicated to the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare” (“NSPE Code of Ethics”). Thus, the activity of engineers as professionals is oriented to those moral concepts which are also accentuated as influential ones in the persons’ everyday life.
Furthermore, these concepts are also associated with the group of moral virtues such as truthfulness, forgiveness, and integrity which were determined by Aristotle. Shrader-Frechette indicates with references to Aristotle that “one can deliberate only about what is within one’s power to do” (Shrader-Frechette 187).
That is why engineers should focus on their specific responsibilities with paying attention to their code of ethics which regulates the moral aspect of the relations between the employers, employees, partners, and clients.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The code of ethics for engineers is based on a range of the fundamental canons in relation to which the rules of practice and professional obligations are stated. Thus, engineers should “hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public” (“NSPE Code of Ethics”).
That is why engineers should orient to the necessities of the public, and one of the engineers’ professional obligations is based on this principle, and it is formulated in such a way that “engineers shall at all times strive to serve the public interest” (“NSPE Code of Ethics”).
In this case, Bentham’s ideas about the benefits of the actions are met, and Kant’s categories of the universal law and the moral duty are realized according to which a person uses his or her will and control the actions in order to address the interests of the society (Birks; Velasquez).
These notions are addressed in the context of engineers’ rules of practice in which the main accents are made on the justice, legitimacy, and truthfulness. The mentioned principles are also associated with the canon according to which engineers should “issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner” (“NSPE Code of Ethics”).
Thus, objectivity and truthfulness as the representations of Aristotle’s moral virtues become the main aspects of the positive atmosphere of the professional communication.
One of the rules of practice for engineers states that they “shall perform services only in the areas of their competence” (“NSPE Code of Ethics”). Why is this rule so significant with references to the ethical canons? A person should be always responsible for his or her actions.
The person’s actions should be supported by the sincere desire of realizing the good action and motivation to do it in relation to the highest good to which it is aimed. Thus, Aristotle indicates that there are many goods which depend not only on the virtues and the balance between the extremes but also on the human voluntary nature and the person’s intention to reach the happiness in the life (Curzer).
We will write a custom Essay on The Code of Ethics for Engineers specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If Aristotle accentuates the human voluntary nature, Bentham develops this notion and indicates that people in their actions should orient to the benefits which could satisfy a number of persons. That is why these actions should be not only good but also competent.
Moreover, the person’s actions should be so good that they could be perceived as addressed to the universal laws and that is why, according to Kant, they should form the categorical imperative. Thus, not to make harm to those people who are involved in the process, engineers should be competent in their actions and be responsible for their performing.
Engineers’ professional obligations also include such a point according to which engineers should “adhere to the principles of sustainable development in order to protect the environment for future generations” (“NSPE Code of Ethics”).
The problem of the technological sustainability is closely connected with the possible technological risks which can be the results of the industry’s activity. Shrader-Frechette argues the fringe between the advantages of those technologies which are risky and the moral obligation of those persons who are involved in their producing (Shrader-Frechette).
If the person’s moral task is to orient to the benefits for the people, is it possible to realize the hazardous technologies which can be harmful for the public and nature?
According to the ideas of Utilitarianism, these technologies have both the right and wrong consequences for various people and different aspects of life (Birks). However, according to Kant’s principles such a situation is morally wrong because it is not universally good (Velasquez).
To present the universally good actions, a person should not be influenced by any other opinions or visions of this or that issue. From this point, Aristotle emphasizes the necessity of the personal self-control and liberality as one of the influential virtues (Curzer).
To be satisfied and happy without the inclination to experience the impact of the other people’s ideas on the morality, an individual should be independent and should not concentrate on his or her financial state and as a result, betray the moral principles. However, one of the main risks for the person is the orientation to the pleasure which is accentuated as an important concept by Aristotle and Bentham.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Code of Ethics for Engineers by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More People can also strive to reach the pleasure with references to immoral or wrong actions. That is why it is mentioned in the list of the engineers’ professional obligations that they “shall not be influenced in their professional duties by conflicting interests” (“NSPE Code of Ethics”). This obligation is associated with the problem of the person’s moral choice.
In spite of the fact the majority of people are inclined to admit the necessity of following the life according to the moral virtues proclaimed by Aristotle and according to the principles stated by Kant and Bentham, a person always tries to find the most beneficial approach for his or her, and this approach can be based on any bad factors which can lead to the negative consequences.
Thus, the origins of the person’s morality and the person’s own code of ethics are in his voluntary nature which forms motivation and in his will and duty. To follow the universal moral laws or live according to the moral virtues are not an easy task, but according to the philosophers, it is a single way to the happy life full of pleasures which is in harmony with the laws of nature.
That is why people develop the codes of ethics in relation to which it is possible to regulate the aspects of life in society and also use these principles in the organization of their professional activity.
Any company functions as a group of people which are in constant relations, and to guarantee the development of the company with a minimum of negative and conflict situations, it is necessary to work out the code of ethics according to which the interactions are regulated and controlled.
Moreover, many professions have their specific features which should be also reflected in the code. That is why the code of ethics for engineers which depends on the main moral principles is significant for the profession’s development.
Works Cited Birks, Thomas Rawson. Modern Utilitarianism; or, the Systems of Paley, Bentham, and Mill Examined and Compared. USA: Nabu Press, 2010. Print.
Curzer, Howard. Aristotle and the virtues. USA: Oxford University Press, 2012. Print.
NSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers 2006. Web. .
Shrader-Frechette, Kristin. “Technology and Ethics”. Philosophy of technology. Eds. Robert Scharff and Val Dusek. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2003. 187-190. Print.
Velasquez, Manuel. “Moral Reasoning”. The Blackwell Guide to Business Ethics. Ed. Norman E. Bowie. USA: Blackwell, 2002. 102-116. Print.
National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Codes of Conducts Essay essay help free: essay help free
Introduction Codes of conduct are significant in shaping the standards of any given profession. They allow professionals to fulfil their roles and duties in an ethical manner. For engineers, codes of conduct are critical because of the fact that their work has a direct influence on people’s everyday life.
Engineers work activities help in shaping the present and future life aspects of people as they are involved in creating and supporting new technical processes. Hence, the role of code of conducts cannot be underestimated in this case; they serve as a guiding principle while commissioning their duties.
This paper seeks to find out whether the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) codes of conducts are supported by the moral ethics of Aristotle, Kant and Bentham. In achieving this goal, the writer points out some of the NSPE practices that are in- line with the perspectives of Aristotle, Kant and Bentham moral reasoning. Through deep analysis, the writer affirms that Aristotle, Kant and Bentham moral reasoning support some of the NSPE code of standards.
Discussion National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) has outlined fundamental practices which are essential for an engineering profession. NSPE points out some canons which guide an engineer as; an engineer should be a person who holds paramount safety, health and welfare of the public, performs competently in services where he/she is capable, carry themselves ethically, responsibly and honorably, and avoids deceptive acts among others (NSPE).
Additionally, on rules of practice, the NSPE outlines that engineers should uphold honesty and integrity, strive to serve the public, act for each employer in faith as trustees, and avoid all conducts which deceives the public among others (NSPE).
Lastly, on professional obligations, NSPE appoints that engineers should personally accept responsibility for their professional activities, give credit for engineering work to those whom credit is due, and avoid unprofessional engagement by using untruthful means among other acts.
NSPE: Engineers should uphold safety, health and welfare of the public
Kant terms humans as independent. Thus, they are privileged to have a coherent ability which is important for decision making, aptitude to take execute action sensibly and they are important for compelling an action (Kant 75).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, as instruments for prompting an action, humans execute an action with full knowledge, reasoning and ability aimed at upholding generosity. Kant moral reasoning are duty bound because he views humans have a duty to execute some actions which can have impact on others.
The NSPE code of conduct, engineers should uphold safety, health and welfare of the public resonate well with Kant’s reasoning (NSPE). In this case, engineers should primarily be concerned with the safety and welfare of the public. On Kant’s approach, it would be unethical to execute an ‘action’ which fails to address the safety, health and welfare of other human beings.
Bentham, in his ethical reasoning claims the goal of every action is to provide the greatest balance of ‘good’ over ‘bad’ (Harrison 66). This is a core principle of every action.
Bentham supports this claim. In his ethical reasoning, he opines the idea of an individual aiming for happiness cannot be affirmed ‘right’ because such an individual quest can perpetuate more pain and less pleasure for him/her, and the society (Harrison 98). Thus, on Bentham perspective, the health, safety and welfare of all people should be considered equal.
Equally, Aristotle is simple on issues about moral ethics. He asserts a virtue is an approach of choosing the right decision (Aristotle 37). Hence, in a favourable condition, a virtue blended with rational assessment of situation fixes a justified course of action that guarantee’s safety, health and welfare of the public
NSPE: Engineers should aim in increasing public knowledge and appreciating engineering achievement
The NSPE also draws that engineers should aim in increasing public knowledge and recognising engineering achievements. This code of conduct shows value in augmenting the image of engineering profession as well as the safety of the public (NSPE).
This virtue appoints the natural habit of what professional should aim for; he/she should share his knowledge and skills with others. Bentham might approve this code of conduct because it is consistent with addressing the needs of the greatest number in a given situation (Harrison 83).
We will write a custom Essay on National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Codes of Conducts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, he might not support it by asserting it is in contrast with the best interests of an engineer and his/her immediate environment.
On Aristotle, reasoning is limited to enlightening human to embrace virtues if they have been raised with correct habits. Aristotle view learning is critical in upholding virtues (Aristotle 58). Hence, a virtuous being is naturally prone to a fitting behaviour in any situations without pleasing to maxims.
This code, therefore, advances Aristotle’s thinking because consistency in acquiring knowledge and achievement fixes or creates new experiences and encounters, thus, forming new habit.
NSPE: Engineers should avoid deceptive acts
NSPE illustrates that engineers should avoid deceptive acts (NSPE). This code of standards would be embraced by Aristotle, Kant and Bentham. Being deceptive in achieving ‘something’ is not certainly a positive character trait.
An engineer who achieves ‘something’ through deceptive means, he/she is possibly not competent in the area. Hence, inept practice of an engineer is something that can hurt many people besides contradicting Bentham moral ethics, because a deceptive act does not respect the rights of other people.
Kant draws that at the center of ethics lies a moral obligation to obey the dictates of rationale. Humans can understand the reasons that support moral and intuition (Kant 89). Hence, the categorical imperative, which illustrates that moral actions are consistent with the moral standing that humans would want others to emulate, maybe violated.
Kant cites lying is a vice because a rational human would like the same vice to replicate on others. He opines that ‘by lying a person throws away….his dignity as a person’ (Kant 92). Kant wants humans to be truthful in all situations. His perspective is respect for others is critical; hence it’s wrong to exploit others.
On Bentham view, a ‘good’ goal of ethics is the one which produces happiness, good and pleasure, hence, the best action is one which creates or produces the greatest possible happiness for the greatest number (Harrison 73).
Not sure if you can write a paper on National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Codes of Conducts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Behaviours are not always immoral or moral; rather, morality is based on specific variables which are unique to each context. To Bentham, deceptive acts such as lying might fix overall good than telling the truth, however, in other situation, telling the truth would produce more good.
Aristotle illustrates that pleasures which deprive or restrict ones happiness can cause more pains. To be guaranteed of happiness human beings should abstain from pain causing pleasures (Aristotle 193). This is because pleasures cause pain.
Therefore, on engineers should avoid deceptive acts, Aristotle claim that involving oneself in deceptive acts is morally wrong because they cause ‘pain’ and thwarts the efforts of happiness.
NSPE: Engineers should perform services in areas of their expertise and carry themselves ethically
NSPE holds that engineers should perform services in areas of their expertise and carry themselves ethically. This practice asserts Aristotle’s view on how intellectual virtues are acquired and put into practice.
The thinking of Aristotle does suggest that professionals should embrace moral ethics because they become a habit out of them. Basing on Aristotle’s approach, a virtuous being is naturally inclined on fitting behaviours in any situations without pleasing to maxims.
Aristotle, for instance, says a man is not intended by nature to live a solitary life, but rather seeks the good life with his parents, wife, fellow citizens and friends, ‘since man is born for citizenship’ (Aristotle 10). Hence, the NSPE provide a constructive insight for engineers and cultivate integrity.
Kant asserts that an action is morally right if it is done with intentions which every rational person would approve. The NSPE practices entails that an engineer should be a person of honesty and integrity. Although Kant’s assertion on this intention is good, it is successful in capturing good intention as a feature of morally right action, there are some challenges with it.
Conclusion Aristotle, Kant and Bentham support the NSPE code of conducts. By applying their standpoints, engineers are easy to find a reliable defense for issues such as safety, health and welfare of the public which they encounter daily in line of their duties. When their perspectives are properly embraced by engineers, they will help them fix a course of action and how to act.
Works Cited Aristotle. The Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print.
Harrison, Ross. Bentham. New York: Taylor
Life Cycle and Permanent Income Hypothesis Essay college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
LCH and PIH
Introduction Consumption patterns follow a logical pattern that the life cycle / permanent income hypothesis attempts to demystify. It is derived from the assumption that people prefer temperance to excesses.
LCH and PIH In the life cycle hypothesis, one assumes that people will try to maintain smooth consumption patterns. If a person had a choice between three consistent meals and six unpredictable meals, he or she would prefer the first option over the second one. Many workers have irregular incomes, so they need to decide how to spend their earnings rationally.
Adherents of this school of thought assume that a person will save a certain part of his or her income in order to cushion himself during low seasons (Friedman 44). Alternatively, one may borrow during periods of low earnings and pay back the borrowed amount during periods of high earnings.
The theory is based on the assumption that people live longer than they earn; consequently, they need to accumulate assets or savings to sustain them during retirement, or when incomes cease. For instance, if a person starts working at 25, and expects to retire at 65, with an annual income of $40,000, he will earn a total of $1,600, 000 over his lifetime.
If the person expects to live for 75 years, then he will need to maintain an annual expenditure of $32,000. The person will need to set aside $ 8,000 annually so that he can have $320,000 during retirement. He may achieve this by asset acquisition or direct savings.
On the other hand, if the person had inherited assets worth $400,000, he will have a sum of $ 2,000,000 to spend throughout his lifetime. He can afford to spend $40,000 annually until his death at 75 years. In this regard, wealth becomes an important factor in determining consumption patterns.
The permanent income hypothesis (PIH) assumes that people’s expenditure patterns depend on their goal of maintaining a certain standard of living. People will ignore fluctuations in income if they believe that the changes are temporary.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This will be manifested as a constant spending pattern. For instance, increases in consumer tax may not alter consumption patterns immediately. However, if a change in income is perceived as permanent, such as the outsourcing of industries (customer care centers), or replacement of human resources with technology, then this may affect consumption patterns.
A person will reduce his or her expenditure patterns once he or she anticipates lower future earnings. The chief premise of the permanent income hypothesis is that people will make consumption decisions depending on what they expect to earn in the future. They may save or use up their savings in order to smoothen alterations in their income.
Both theories attempt to explain consumption. Additionally, both schools of thought are based on the premise that people will smoothen consumption patterns in the midst of fluctuating incomes. The LCH assumes that changes in income occur systematically across one’s lifetime.
Conversely, PIH assumes that current income varies randomly throughout one’s lifetime. In the life cycle theory, changes in population demographics will not alter income patterns, but this is not true in the PIH.
If the number of young people increases, then consumption will reduce and savings will increase. LCH also accounts for income inequality as savings are usually much higher in wealthy households than poor or middle-income households.
Conclusion The two theories may differ in terms of consumption and saving patterns but the overall direction of these effects is the same. LCH and PIH are not the same models, but they complement each other. The combination of LCPIH considers an individual’s current income as well as his or her lifetime wealth.
Works Cited Friedman, Milton. The life-cycle permanent income hypothesis: how we spend. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957. Print.
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CSR in the Telecommunications Industry Essay college essay help online
Table of Contents Definition of CSR
Brief Background of CSR Practices
Approaches to CSR Practices
Importance/Advantages of CSR Practice
Demerits, Challenges and Limitations of CSR Practices
Definition of CSR According to Baker (2004), corporate social responsibility (also known as corporate citizenship, corporate conscience, sustainable responsible business, or social performance) simply refers to “how companies manage the business processes to produce an overall positive impact on society.”
In this definition, Baker emphasizes that companies need to fundamentally answer to two major aspects of their operations. Firstly, they must be answerable about the quality of their management and secondly, they must answer about the nature of their operations and the impact to the society.
Different regions have their own customized understanding of CSR based on the differences in occurrences and endeavors in their areas. For example, in USA, CSR is mostly viewed in terms of a “philanthropic model” where companies conduct their businesses with the aim of making profits and contributing to charitable causes as a showing that they are responsible in the corporate world (Baker, 2004).
In Europe, the concept of the ‘end justifying the means” allegedly opined in USA’s CSR practices, is replaced by the exact opposite where “the means justifies the end” (Lattemann et al., 2009). Studies in Africa and Australia are still inconclusive because only a handful of researches have been done (Idemudia, 2011).
In UAE and Asia, however, studies show that there is a hybrid of the US and European Models thus different countries in these regions viewing CSR differently (Ihlen et al., 2011).
Notably, all these definitions assert that stakeholders and shareholders play a vital role in CSR practices of any industry. It is with this in mind that the CSR practices in the telecommunications industry (especially in the UAE region) will be discussed.
Brief Background of CSR Practices Just like in most industries, CSR in the telecommunications industry can be historically categorized into two factions which are traditional CSR and modern CSR.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Jamali (2007), in the traditional era, a scholar named Carol l asserted that industries showed their corporate social responsibility to stakeholders and shareholders by conducting their businesses in ways that were economically, legally, ethically, and discretionarily viable to their industries.
However, as time went by, Jamali says that the traditional perception of CSR was replaced with a modern one where CSR was majorly viewed economically with companies using it to impose their dominance while their customers using it as a ladder into the economic benefits from these companies.
More specifically, Schutter (2008) says “although its roots are of course older, the concept of CSR emerged in the recent official EU discourse with the Conclusions of the Lisbon European Council of March 2000.”
The CSR era that began in the mid 1990’s and evolved to a formidable venture in the early 21st century (starting with this EU meeting) is what most researchers refer to as the modern CSR era (Jamali, 2007).
Today, CSR has undergone several changes with the terms being used variably, as was earlier mentioned. In the telecommunication Industry, especially in UAE, CSR encompasses activities such as supporting education, raising awareness on various issues such as sicknesses and environment conservation, and supporting the needy people in communities (Schutter, 2008).
Approaches to CSR Practices Theoretically, there are several ways in which scholars approach CSR practices. However, in the industrial world, Tang and Li (2009) say that there are “three distinctive approaches to CSR: CSR as ad hoc philanthropy, CSR as strategic philanthropy, and CSR as ethical business conduct.”
These approaches are the ones that relevantly apply to CSR in the telecommunication industry in UAE and thus will be our main focus.
We will write a custom Essay on CSR in the Telecommunications Industry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As an ad hoc philanthropy, emphasis on CSR is laid on “discretionary rationality, i.e. corporations need to contribute to the welfare of society” (Tang
An Academic Analysis of Zhang Yimou’s Award Winning Debut Feature “Red Sorghum” Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Red sorghum is a 1988 film whose theme revolves around the life of woman. The woman lives a life full of misfortunes with liquor playing a major role in the whole film. In this film, the man’s son narrates the story of a man’s mother. The man is the protagonist, while the film illustrates the effect of circumstances and the presence of liquor on the life of the man’s mother (Chien
How Rio Tinto is Support Sustainable Mining Essay a level english language essay help
Executive summary For the recent past, Rio Tinto has adopted sustainable mining practices. The need for sustainable practices in Rio Tinto and the mining industry has been driven by the climate change. This is because climate change has presented a big challenge in the business all over the world.
Rio Tinto has always found it crucial to take action now, rather than wait for the worst to happen later. To achieve these objectives, Rio Tinto has charted out scores of policies, for example, those centered on operating and investing in long-term, large, and cost-competitive business and mines.
Its strategies are based on the need to provide an economic value, while running the business in a socially and ethically accountable approach, as well as sticking to lasting and sustainable development.
Introduction For the last 2 decades, Rio Tinto has been on the global frontline in championing practices of sustainable mining. The need for sustainable practices in Rio Tinto and the mining industry has been driven by the climate change. This is because climate change has presented a big challenge in businesses across the world.
Rio Tinto has always found it important to take action now, rather than wait for the worst to happen in the future. Furthermore, it has been known that the risk landscape as well as the opportunity in the mining industry could be potentially changed by the climate change. This paper seeks to analyze Rio Tinto’s key developments that support its sustainable mining practices.
Global Mining Imitative (GMI) Rio Tinto has taken urgent actions in order to enhance its understanding of the underlying problems, and come up with ways of addressing the issues of greenhouse gas emissions abatement and the manner in which energy is used across the world.
Rio Tinto tries to take urgent actions to avoid adapting to inevitable climate change (Walsh 2009). In the Global Mining Initiative (GMI) that was held by chief executives of top mining companies, Sir Wilson Robert, the then Rio Tinto Chairman outlined the following proposition as the company’s guidelines for sustainable mining:
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Economic growth, the essential condition of sustainable development, depends on the products of the mining industry. It is our responsibility to meet the demands whilst simultaneously addressing the environmental and social implications of our actions. We need to minimize the physical footprint of our activities and mitigate adverse environmental effects (Wilson, 2002, p.4).
The GMI kicked off in 1999 and focused on the following comparable aspects:
A seminar bringing together the stakeholders and industry to chart the way forward.
Review and analysis of challenges of the activities of the mining industry, together with proposals on how these problems could be solved.
Instituting a global watchdog to steer the results forward, and get involved in continuous discussions with the community.
Mining and Minerals Sustainable Development and competitive advantage The GMI was driven by the Mining and Minerals Sustainable Development project (MMSD), which aimed at reviewing the problems that the mining industry was undergoing. The landscape of the industry was changed in 2002, when MMSD presented its report.
One of its most outstanding findings was that it was critical for miners to ensure participation in a transition towards a sustainable global society. In a bid to support GMI, Rio Tinto alongside likeminded companies backed the formation of the “International Council on Mining and Materials (ICMM) (Marr, 2012, p. 609).
This council was commissioned to lead the industry in adopting sustainable practices, with the reasoning that failure of a single company would affect the entire industry.
When Rio Tinto plc was amalgamated with Rio Tinto Ltd, the group’s objective was “to maximize total shareholders return by sustainably finding, developing, mining and processing natural resources” (Annual Reports, 2007, p. 1).
To achieve these objectives, Rio Tinto formulated a strategy that was centered on operating and investing in long-term, large, cost-competitive business and mines, driven by the quality of each opening rather than choice of commodity (ICMM 2009).
We will write a custom Essay on How Rio Tinto is Support Sustainable Mining specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This strategy was based on the need to provide an economic value while running business in a socially and ethically accountable approach, and sticking to lasting and sustainable development. Rio Tinto focused on increasingly seeking out competitive advantage, and tried as much as possible to integrate them within the structure of the business in a manner that the competitors could not easily imitate (Porter 1980).
Rio Tinto’s long-term investments made it possible to plan, implement and present sustainable gains to the society, through environmental agencies and economic success based on the well-built authority systems (ICMM 2009). The company has mastered the use of Porters Five Forces Model in edging out competitors. The following factors are used to differentiate the company from its competitors (Porter 1986).
improved risk management
better proceeds for the shareholders
increased business opportunities
reduced operating costs
Retaining and attracting skillful employees (Kinicki
Legalizing Gay Marriage Essay college essay help: college essay help
The topic on gay marriage whether it should be legalized or not has been a huge topic all over the world. There are those people who view gay marriage as sin hence strongly against it.
There are those people who however believe that marriage is all about love and support hence should not depend on gender and that is why they support gay marriages.
This shows that everyone has their own different view on same sex marriage which makes it hard to come up with a solution on whether to legalize it or not leaving many people on dilemma.
There are those people who believe that denying gay marriage will violate religious freedom. Religious beliefs of a person is protected by First Amendment of United States Constitution hence it will be wrong to deny gay marriage based on the fact that religions view same sex marriage as sin.
Denying same sex marriage is a way of discriminating the minority in the society. America is a nation that was found on the concept of majority rules and protection of minorities which are clearly stated on the Bill of Rights (Gerstmann 2011).
Denying same sex marriage is more like disagreeing with Hispanic couples marriage. Other people believe that marriage should be about love hence two people who love each other should not be denied the chance to live happily together.
Gay people should be given legal contracts, financial benefits and similar living wills as other normal couples since they all fit in the society. Same sex marriage should not hurt anyone or the society since marriage is a union and a relationship between two people who love each other.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Those people who are not involved in the union should not be hurt in any way. This is because same sex marriage is a personal commitment which should not bother anyone or the society itself. The society and the church should not dictate other people’s decisions and choices.
Homosexuality is viewed by religions as sin hence unacceptable in the society. Gay marriages are offensive and robs religion its freedom. These are some of the reasons why Christians do not advocate for gay marriages.
If gay marriage is legalized in the society, it will weaken the respect and definition of marriage. Marriage is an institution which is sacred hence should not be joked with.
The society considers marriage to be between man and woman (Jean 2006). A marriage between a man and a woman makes biological sense since the two can pro-create.
The issue of adopting children especially by gay couples draws a bad picture to the children. It in fact confuses them concerning gender roles and what to expect in the society when they grow up (Robert
Reflective Entry: “Push” by Sapphire Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Precious’s Invisibility to the World
Introduction Push is a novel by Sapphire, and it covers the socio-economic plight of the people. Precious, a school girl, is pregnant, and she has been chased away from her former school (because of her pregnancy).
Therefore, precious has to get a new life in the new school which does not have the facilities she enjoyed in her former school. Precious and her people are invisible in the society. Things that they do are not recognized, and Precious goes through a lot of suffering because of this.
Precious’s Invisibility to the World A person becomes invisible to the world when that person is not recognized. Therefore, Precious and her family are invisible since they are not recognized. The needs of Precious families go unnoticed, and this contributes to a lot of suffering (Sapphire 103).
Precious examines the situation of her family, and she says that her family is invisible to the world. This happens when Tesses paints a picture of a girl without a brain.
Precious believes that the sketch is that of her and her family, and she is much troubled. This is because the situation of life that Precious’s family lead is a reflection of poverty and social and economic abuse. Therefore, Precious feels that the image is directed at her.
Precious also gets pregnant, and she is kicked from her school. She has to change school so that she does not disgrace her former school; she is not given a fair hearing. The authorities are just following rules, and they can not let a pregnant girl stay in school (Sapphire 117).
In addition, Precious has to keep the fact that she has another kid secret. This is because she can not get employment when the authorities know of this fact. However, Precious reveals this during her second birth, and this has dire consequences; her mother loses her social security, and consequently, her mother sends her away from home.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Precious’s Oppression Precious invisibility to the world leads to a lot of oppression on her part. This is because the authorities do not care much about lowly people. In fact, poor people are oppressed by authorities, and they oppress each other. For instance, the school sends Precious to anther school simply because precious is pregnant. This shows that the authorities are oppressing poor girls who are unlucky to get pregnant (Sapphire 126).
Precious is also faced with traumatic experiences since she has been abused sexually by her father. In fact, the pregnancy is as a result of sexual abuse by the father.
This is a great oppression since it is a crime for a father to sleep with his daughter; this is sexual abuse and harassment. However, nothing has been done, this is a traumatic experience, and the school authority should have counseled precious instead of chasing her.
When the authorities realize that Precious has another child, they stop the social security funds for Precious family. The authorities discontinue this funding, but in the real sense, they should have increased funding as a result of the added child. This shows that Precious’s family is invincible to the world (Sapphire 135).
Precious’s oppression also leads to a traumatic experience; she has been infected with HIV from her father. This shows that things should not be allowed to move out of hand; the authorities should act to end this oppression.
Conclusion The novel seems to tell people that they can make new beginnings despite the situations. Precious, though HIV positive, leads a normal life helping other people; she does not despair.
Discussion Question What effects does the cutting of social security have on Precious? Is it justified?
We will write a custom Essay on Reflective Entry: “Push” by Sapphire specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Sapphire, S. Push: A Novel. New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 2009. Print.
Job Analysis of Public Information Officer Term Paper writing essay help
Introduction The position of a public information officer working for a police precinct entails a combination of journalism, communication and police work in order to properly disseminate information to the general public which can consist of a variety of important announcements that may impact their safety in the near future.
It is based on this that this paper will examine what is necessary to hold such a position, what its necessary methods of evaluation and what can be done in order to encourage employee performance.
While proper training can create an adequate employee, however, it is methods of organization development that will create a satisfied employee that will do their job spectacularly.
Job Description The general duty of a public information officer is to communicate information deemed relevant by the department to the general public especially in cases involving special incidents (i.e. natural disasters, terrorism, or a serial killer on the loose).
The following are a list of the general duties associated with this particular type of job:
Conducts publicity and informational activities (Clapper, 2010)
Assists with community training and education activities (Clapper, 2010)
Assists with the coordination of the district’s use of community service volunteers (Intercity, 3)
Regularly reports to the district manager and fire chief (Clapper, 2010)
Follows district ordinances and policies
As for the number of hours required for this particular position it must be noted that events never truly stop and that they can happen at any time (Education Portal, N.A.).
Due to this, a public information officer has to be ready to immediately work 24 hours a day/ 7 days a week.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand the job does entail normal working hours (9 to 5) and as such can be considered average in terms of the degree of time pressure levied on people within this particular job type.
History of the career In terms of the relative “age” of this particular career choice it must be noted that it was only created within the past few decades as a response towards the necessity of interacting with the general public and the media regarding various cases and aspects of police work.
As such, this particular career type is specialized to the extent that its capacity is one where accuracy of the information given must be taken into consideration on a daily basis while at the same time applying sufficient prudence in terms of giving only what’s appropriate (i.e. not starting a panic within the general population).
Recruiting Plan On average there is approximately 1 public relations officer for each precinct and as such the number of people currently employed in this particular career field can be approximated by the number of police precincts currently in operation within the U.S.
Of particular interest is the fact that various reports examining job growth for this particular type of career path have emphasized that the number of public information officers is expected to grow by at least 24% within the upcoming years and as such is indicative of the relative importance of the position.
When it comes to the qualifications of workers for this particular job it must be noted that there is no precise sex, age, or physical requirement rather individuals who pursue this particular career path merely have to have a bachelors degree in an appropriate field such public relations, journalism or marketing (Frederick, 1).
Thus a recruiting plan for this particular strategy would consist of an initial internal evaluation of officers within a particular precinct in order to determine whether any had previous media related experience or had taken up a journalism/communications/media related course while in college.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Job Analysis of Public Information Officer specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If I find that the local precinct lacks candidates an external search of other precincts will be accomplished to see whether they may possess the type of candidate I am look for.
In the instance that such a search yields no viable candidates, it is only then that an external method of recruitment will be implemented wherein the usual ads placed in classifieds or online job listings will be utilized.
In order to get the right kind of candidate for the job the classified ads will specify that only candidates who prior experience in media/public relations will be accepted in conjunction with an education profile that suits the needs of the job.
Furthermore, the job description will indicate the rigors that the candidates will encounter on the job which should help to discourage all but the most adamant workers for the position.
Selection Strategy The selection strategy will consist of examining which of the applications received show candidates with the right amount of experience and education for this particular type of position.
Ideally the candidate should have 3 years prior experience in public relations/communications or a media related position where they have to process and disseminate important information on a daily basis.
Furthermore the candidate must have a college degree that emphasizes some level of public communication, this can be waived though if the candidate shows that they have accumulated enough relevant experience in public communications to be able to the job as needed.
Once a select group of candidates has been determined from the number of the applications they will all be invited for preliminary interviews in order to determine their overall level of compatibility for the job.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Job Analysis of Public Information Officer by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More During the interview what will be examined is their communication skills, their ability to properly create detailed explanations with limited data as well as their interpersonal relation skills.
This is to weed out individuals that may have the necessary knowledge and experience to the job but lack the necessary skills to be able to carry it out to the degree that is necessary.
After the preliminary interview has been concluded, the candidates that have passed the first stage will be asked to come in for a test to confirm the skills noted in their resume.
This will consist of a series of written and case based examinations meant to determine how they work under pressure and the methods they would utilize in order to do the job properly.
It is expected that after going through the various interview and testing procedures a viable candidate should emerge that will be able to do the job adequately.
Job Performance Evaluation One of the bet methods of evaluating an individual’s performance is to utilize solid data and metrics to determine whether they are accomplishing the job in the way that they are meant to.
While a public information specialist position may appear to have relatively few instances where metrics can be applied this is not necessarily so. The first metric to be applied in this particular type of position would be the rate of information dissemination.
This takes the form of how long it takes for information sent to the employee to be edited, reviewed and then sent to the necessary parties in order for the information to be properly communicated.
What you have to understand is that the information that normally passes through this position normally consists of emergency broadcasts, crucial updates, announcements regarding criminals within the vicinity as well as a plethora of other types of information deemed important to the public at large.
The longer the information is retained the more likely that the lives of local residents will be adversely impacted and as such it is important to process and distribute the information as fast as possible. The second metric that will be necessary for this particular position is the overall level of responsiveness of the employee.
This takes the form of his/her ability to be on call during the weekends, being able to get to work on time and ensuring that all work backlogs are completed as necessary.
Without this level of responsiveness to the job it is possible that information backlogs may occur, if this does happen information that is vital towards public safety my not be transmitted at all resulting in possible civilian deaths.
The last metric for this job involves compliance to district ordinances and policies regarding methods of information dissemination.
This is both the easiest yet the most important of the metrics since compliance to the various rules and regulations is an absolute necessity for this particular type of position.
It must be noted though that given the right amount of training this particular type of metric can easily be met.
Training Necessity of Ethics Training
Aside from ordinary methods of training an employee, it must also be noted that ethics training is an important component in the training solutions implemented by any organization due to the proliferation of decidedly unethical actions within corporations and a variety of organizations.
The article “Ethics Training and Businesspersons’ Perceptions of Organizational Ethics” by Sean Valentine and Gary Fleischman is an investigation into the influences of corporate culture, ethical codes of conduct and ethics training into the level of job satisfaction, performance and ethical practices that employees bring to the workplace (Valentine
Universal Health Systems Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Executive summary During the year 2008, the government of Jamaica decided to remove the fees on the health sector for the users, which has increased the rate of demand on the healthcare services by the citizens.
The ministry of health in Jamaica is also trying to restructure the processes within the health sector to improve its services to the citizens, enhance service delivery and increase the accessibility as well as accountability in the management system of the health services.
The use of electronic medical record (EMR) also known as electronic healthcare record (EHR) is a data collection document that records the digital data of medical reports for the patients.
In addition, it shares the information with other healthcare doctors as well as providing personal health reports for patients to present to their doctors when required. This technology of recording the patient’s information is seen as a way of improving the services offered in healthcare facilities.
This has been adopted by countries like United States and others are on the process of implementing it. Jamaica is one of the countries, which has also planned to implement the technology to improve the health services.
Introduction Jamaica is the largest English-speaking Caribbean Island in its advanced stages to improve the health system, which is reflected by a decreased fertility and mortality rates in the country.
The maternal mortality rate in Jamaica has been high due to high rate of abortion done by girls and due to poor services in the maternal section but government has tried to improve its operations to curb the situation (Planning Institute of Jamaica, 2007).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The National Health Services Act in Jamaica divided the country into four health regions whereby each region is governed by the regional health authority. The regional authority has the mandate of ensuring that public health services are delivered to the citizens within the region.
The delivery of the health services is availed through the network of the secondary or tertiary care facilities and the primary care facilities, which are managed by the regional authorities in the country (Jamaica Ministry of Health, 2005).
The main aim of the research is to discuss the deficiencies in the health system of Jamaica and the benefits the country will achieve in adopting the EMR/EHR in operating its healthcare facilities.
The study tackles the challenges related to handling health information, medical products and technology, service delivery, health workforce, health financing and leadership and governance.
The research looks at the benefits that the country is likely to achieve in implementing the electronic medical record in the health system as well as some of the challenges the country might face in implementing the technology (Planning Institute of Jamaica, 2010).
Health information The health information system in Jamaica is fragmented that there is no policy on health information system to govern the communication processes within the health system.
The country has always lacked data to carry out the statistical analysis in the health sector that it has always used the 1993 data to estimate the vital statistics in the subsequent years in preparing the health reports (Ministry of health, 2008).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Universal Health Systems specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the year 2005 audit of the vital statistics, it was noted that in the health sector there was lack of communication and coordination between the government and the health agencies, which has made it hard for the government to plan accurately on how to improve the health system.
The government should therefore strengthen its national regulatory bodies governing the sharing of the health information between the public and the private sectors (World Health Organization, 2006).
Medical products and technology Drug production in Jamaica proves to be limited due to the limited raw material imported for the production of the drugs. The country therefore depends heavily on the imported drugs and this increases the prices especially to the end user.
The government has therefore experienced increased costs in the health sector especially in the pharmaceutical service, which is the most utilized section and regularly accessed by the public due to the removal of the user fee in the health system (Ministers of Health of the Americas, 2007).
Service delivery The authority in the four regions within the country monitors the delivery of services in Jamaica. The health services are therefore provided through a network between the primary care facilities and the secondary/tertiary care facilities within the region.
The distribution of services is high in urban areas as compared to rural areas where the healthcare facilities are few. The public sector in the country provides 95% of the services to the citizens.
The private sector provides the 5% and its services are rendered by the professionals in the public sector who own the private health facilities (Ross, 2009).
The quality assurance in Jamaica is under the various departments within the ministry of health and this result to a fragmented process. The country has therefore a goal for the year 2015 where it plans to achieve effective operations in the clinical processes within the four regions of operation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Universal Health Systems by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The government needs to improve the delivery of services in the regions as well as develop a policy to guide its implementation (Planning Institute of Jamaica, 2007).
Health workforce The study shows that the human resource in the health sector is not sufficient to serve the public. It was therefore noted that the distribution of the workforce in the regions is not equal because some regions are poorly served.
The study indicates that the dentists, doctors, midwives and nurses in the public sector are very few that the ratio at which they serve the public is 12.1/10,000 populations approximately.
In additional to this kind of shortage there is also inadequate number of rehabilitation experts in the occupational therapy and in speech (Ministry of health, 2008).
Leadership and governance In the year 1997, the government channeled most of its energy in reforming the health sector by decentralizing the healthcare services to its four regions within the country and strengthening the ministry of health to be steering the four regions.
In the year 2003 evaluation, it was revealed that the government had not achieved its targets fully in health planning, transparency, service delivery, community involvement and accountability by the management (Ministers of Health of the Americas, 2007).
In the year 2009, the country had achieved some of its targets but still there are some weaknesses in areas of communication, service delivery and quality assurance.
The government is therefore trying to involve the society in the health planning as well as the delivery of services since there are greater opportunities the government is likely to gain.
The involvement of the church in educating the public about some of the diseases like HIV or any other chronic disease will help in improving the lifestyles of the citizens (World Health Organization, 2006).
Health financing Research shows that the human resource expenditure in the year 2004/2005 increased to 82.6% of the total expenditure of the regional health authorities as compared to the previous expenditure, which was 79.3%.
The health financing programs by the government of Jamaica has not been successful due to poor performance in the economic sector, which is greatly affected by the fiscal constraints ((World Health Organization, 2001).
As much as the government has tried to settle the public debts, it has still not managed to maintain or expand the resources allocated to the health sector. In the analysis the expenditure incurred by the government in the health sector in the years 1992 to 2006 fluctuated by $70 per capital, which is equal to 2.3% GDP.
Research shows that due to the abolition of the user fee in the healthcare system the government is likely to incur an increased expenditure, which is estimated as US$44 million though at a constant rate.
The government is therefore expected to meet 52% of the expenditures as the remaining amount is collected from the revenues from the granting of casino licenses.
The study shows that the government is still unable to meet the expenses in the health sector as planned in the year 2015 target (United Nations, 2006).
Electronic medical records The government of Jamaica is likely to implement the use of modern technology devices in its health system as planned in the year 2030 strategic plan. The electronic medical records have proved to be beneficial to the patients, healthcare providers as well as the government of the country that uses the EMR.
As compared to the paper records electronic medical records proves to be having many benefits such as security, privacy, easy accessibility of the files, financial benefits, accuracy in the clinical processes and administration as well as management benefits (Hayden, Maccurtain, Richards, Roche
Kudler Fine Foods Virtual Organization Essay a level english language essay help
Kudler Fine Foods is a retailer dealing with food products. The retailer deals with local products and foodstuffs from other countries. Kudler Fine Foods is located in San Diego, and owns three stores within the environs of the city.
The company has been doing well in the sale of food products in the geographical area it operates. In addition, Kudler Fine Foods has developed a new marketing plan in an effort establish innovative marketing.
For the marketing strategy to succeed, the company has been doing research on their customers in order to realize success of its marketing projects.
In the light of the success of the methodologies used by Kudler Fine Foods, research has proved to be an important tool in developing any sales promotion plan. In the following discussion, the importance of research in marketing strategies and tactics is highlighted with Kudler Fine Foods in focus.
In order for an organization to succeed in marketing its products, a significant change is needed in the methods or approaches used in marketing. In this essence, marketing strategies and tactics involve change of the current methods.
This change is accomplished by implementing the recommendations of a market research project. In market research, information about the customer is obtained and recorded.
In addition, the methods used by competitors in marketing and the nature of the market are examined, and the data obtained is analyzed to help the managers of a company decided on the counteractive measures to be implemented.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Research helps a business organization to identify and explore new markets by attracting new customers. The organization in question has to identify the customers and categorize them in order of their importance.
This way, the managers of the organization are able to focus marketing power on the most important customers.
Researchers at Kudler Fine Foods suggested that the company should adopt new methods to emerge as a powerful competitor in the market. Their recommendations were that since the company dealt with expensive food, it could hold demonstrations of how to prepare some of the products for a meal.
Apart from familiarizing the customer with their products, Kudler Fine Foods was able to acquaint potential customers to the stores. This strategy would help the company make the customers keep in mind the particular store when they go about shopping for food.
To develop interest in customers, Kudler Fine Foods demonstrated the culinary procedures of preparing foreign food products. Furthermore, acclaimed food experts were present and were used to demonstrate the procedures.
People attending the parties organized by the company were encouraged to bring others such as friends along for the experience.
Apart from the innovation of holding educative parties at Kudler Fine Foods, other methods were recommended after examinations of research findings.
We will write a custom Essay on Kudler Fine Foods Virtual Organization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Researchers found out that the operating hours of the stores in a day were best suited for the company staff rather than for the customer. A survey indicated that more people did not approve the set operating hours at Kudler Fine Foods.
Presentation of the food products at the food stores was also not attractive to the customers according to the survey. While the customers judged that the quality of the food products was fair, they disagreed on the presentation of the same products.
The research also revealed that some workers at the stores lacked courtesy while dealing with customers. An examination of the reports presented by the survey reveals that the customers were generally of the opinion that the services and commodities offered at Kudler Fine Foods were of good quality.
However, the customers expressed concern that the company was selling their products at exorbitant prices. Although the quality was good enough for the customers, there was a feeling among them that the prices were too high.
Another finding of the survey is that the company did not focus in individual groups of customers. Researchers found out that the company did little to offer specific products for different groups of customers. The company implemented corrective measures based on the results of research on general customer population.
For the company to outdo its competitors, its research and planned solutions to marketing problems must be kept as intelligence information. This will enable the retailer to enjoy the fruits of its innovation long before competitors become aware of the new tactics.
While Kudler Fine Foods has done extensive research and put itself on the course of reform, there is necessity to keep the reasons for its changes secret. Much of the information on the research the company conducted and the solutions that were formulated for the emerging issue has become available to the public, workers and competitors.
While it is important for the customers to know that the retailer is working to improve its services to the public, it is also important for Kudler Fine Foods to keep the details of its intentions from the competitors.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Kudler Fine Foods Virtual Organization by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More If competitors get information regarding the strategies that Kudler fine foods is intending to implement, a war for customers and customer loyalty could ensue. Such a competition may divert the efforts of the company from keeping a balance between profit and customer loyalty to engaging in costly wars.
In this essence, the company and its competitors may enter into a price war and a costly sales promotion competition. Thus, competitive intelligence is important for the company to make use of its findings in research.
For some of the sales promotion plans such as the introduction of tickets to encourage customers to attend parties may not be suitable for classification as secret information.
However, internal changes to the type of stock on retail should not be announced before the actual changes take place. Customers can be informed of the new products after implementation of the changes. This will prevent competitors from stocking identical commodities.
There are other areas that the company could have investigated and streamlined as a part of the effort to increase its sales and expand customer base. An investigation of the various customer groups should have been conducted to establish the type of distribution channel suitable for the respective customer groups.
This means that the company would modify its food products to make them suitable according to the variation of customer groups. In addition, the culture of stereotyping the customers could be avoided.
This is evident from the fact that the company did not recognize the variation of customer preferences while it did its research. The researchers looked at the market as a homogenous entity instead of treating it as a composition of various groups.
The company has established a significant level of popularity for its commodities and services among customers. However, to implement changes to the methods of operation and tactics in marketing and distribution, the company must conduct an analysis of the market, and separate the customer population into distinct groups.
The company failed to implement this aspect of market research. In the analysis, customers can be separated into various groups or classes that can be dealt with separately.
This will enhance customer satisfaction in relation to products sold by Kudler Fine Foods and services offered at the stores.