CN Tower In Toronto Research Paper Scholarship Essay Help

Table of Contents Abstract


Summary of Events and Factors




Works Cited

Abstract CN Tower, opened in 1973 reflects an impeccable structural of the modern world. It was constructed by use of concrete reinforced by steel pillars. At its time, the tower amazed many designers and engineers who consider it as the seventh wonder of the contemporary world.

It serves as a significant point for communications transmitting both radio and television signal due it its height. Indeed, it is the second largest freestanding structure in the world standing at 533.3m. Nonetheless, it would be safer, less laborious and cost efficient were the building constructed in the 21st century. The reason being improved technology.

Introduction Despite the growing popularity of steel buildings and structures at the dawn of 20th century, CN Tower (a short name for Canadian National Tower) remains an iconic structure that combined both materials to rise above the heights of hitherto recognized tall towers. Located in Toronto, Canada, the building reflects an impeccable work of art and design that is inclusive of style and elegance. The tower stands at a height of 1,815 feet and weighs way above 130 thousand tons.

This massive tower is composed of huge amounts of concrete that has been strengthened by steel. It plays host to restaurants, offices and recreational facilities. This paper seeks to summarize the events that inspired its construction and the way in which the building was constructed. Besides, the paper will make recommendations on how best the building could have been built in the contemporary world.

Summary of Events and Factors In consideration of other iconic towers in the world, CN Tower could be considered a modern building (Billington 43). The rationale is that the idea to construct the tower was inspired by the need for an effective communication tower that would serve Canada and act as a demonstration of superior Canadian construction and communication sectors. As such, the project began its construction in 1972 and Canadian Railways was the sole contractor of the project.

According to Fulford, many factors influenced the construction of CN Towers (3). First, the post World War II period saw numerous countries aim at establishing effective communication sectors that had the capacity to relay information for long distances with effectiveness, clarity and accuracy (Fulford 3).

For Canada, there was increased need to have a tower that would serve the growing number of the Canadian society. This, in the light of the truth that the tower could act as an antenna in which different communications firms could broadcast with more ease.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the time, there was an apparent boom of skyscrapers in Toronto. First Canadian Place is one of the skyscrapers that were built in the 1960s. With the growing number of skyscrapers typifying Toronto’s skyline, communication was becoming increasingly challenging especially relaying signals to Canada’s downtown (Malcolm 61).

The skyscrapers would reflect the prevalent microwave links that were established at the time making it difficult for effective information reliance. As such, construction industry and communication saw the importance of building a tower that would surpass all the skyscrapers in terms of height.

Availability of raw materials (Concrete and Steel) was a huge precipitate during the construction of CN tower. While many architects and engineers advocated for use of steel at the expense of concrete, which had been popular in the medieval societies, the combination of the two went a long way in providing a cost effective structure. Besides, concrete structures had failed to live up to the expectations of civil engineers especially in construction of high-rise structures (Malcolm 74).

The rationale was that concrete became renowned for huge space consumption despite the structures inability to host increased numbers of facilities. Hence, use of steel was an alternative that many engineers could recommend. However, steel is not economically feasible due to its unavailability. CN Tower utilized both concrete and steel in an appropriate manner to save on the marginal cost of land utilization as well as cost of building.

Evidently, technological advances were apparent in the construction of the structure. Fulford says that the precision at which the tower was constructed reveals increased knowledge acquisition amongst the Canadian civil engineers of the time (34). Indeed, there has been a raging debate on whether or not the tower fits to be a world wonders. By the end of 20th century, the American Society of Civil Engineers concluded that the tower is indicative of a contemporary wonder of the world (Billington 31).

It implies therefore that the skills and competence of the engineers contracted by Canadian Railways Company was unparalleled. With the increase in technological advances, CN tower is an evidence of complex structure that incorporates many facilities while at the same time remaining a landmark for Canada.

Fulford articulates that Canadian society has a huge sense of elegance and the construction of CN tower only serves to assert the explicit needs of the Canadians to include aesthetics and functionality in their structures (Fulford 53).

We will write a custom Research Paper on CN Tower in Toronto specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is therefore important to recognize that the tower was not only aimed at serving communication purposes alone but also display elegance that projects Canada and to large extents, Toronto as a tourist destination to the world (Billington 43). Additionally, the composition and utilization of the tower also reveals the increased aesthetics.

The construction of the tower also came at a time when the concept of sustainability of economic resources was taking root (Malcolm 21). Specifically, there was the need for engineers to utilize resources at their disposal in such a manner that the future generation’s ability would not be compromised. In this tune, Billington explicates that land remains a high-level resource that diminishes with increase in population (34).

CN tower therefore uses economized space of land to provide business with numerous offices and tourists with unsurpassed recreational facilities. Were the number of facilities in the tower constructed in conventional structures, it would imply increased use of land in an unsustainable way. As such, the construction of CN Tower was partially influenced by the need to use available resources sustainably and in this case, land resource.

Construction Canadian Railways, the major contractors in the project made the groundbreaking at the beginning of February in 1973. The first part of the construction involved massive excavations to provide the tower with a firm foundation (Fulford 63). The foundation had the depth 49.2 feet at the middle.

With a circumference of well above 458 feet, it took the workers an average of four months to get through with the foundation (Billington 34). The technological advancements facilitated the fast tracking of the foundation with hydraulic excavators and other pulley systems put in place to enhance its completion.

Moreover, using hydraulic technology, the main support pillar was erected at the base of the foundation. In itself, it marked an unprecedented engineering feat that was composed of platform raised above with the help of jacks (Malcom 31).

The concrete at the bottom therefore was allowed to set as the process continued. With massive workforce that mainly provided manual labor, the pouring of concrete continued until the building surpassed amongst other buildings in terms of height. In sum, over 40,500 cubic meters of volume of concrete was poured in the tower. To maintain a vertical structure, the use of huge plumb bobs guided the concrete input throughout the construction period (Billington 45).

The second phase of construction began in the middle of 1974. The engineers utilized the initially installed hydraulic jacks to put in place a steel crown at the top of the building. Wooden brackets were used to guide concrete in to the tower.

Not sure if you can write a paper on CN Tower in Toronto by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In fact, pouring of concrete in the Sky Pod was fully facilitated by wooden brackets that acted as a guide through which the concrete could settle. As such, the sky pod that is above the rest of the tower was because of massive use of wooden brackets. Besides, the concrete was reinforced by use of steel bands that surrounding the building.

To live up to its objectives, the use of cranes to place an antenna at the top of the building was the main technology that the constructors. Coupled with use of helicopters such Sikorksy S-64 Skycrane, a model that been disposed of by the US military, the use of cranes was reinforced especially when placing the antennas in the tower’s sections.

Not to undermine the high technological advances during the construction of the tower, the use of helicopters in construction was an attraction on itself. At that time in history, the use helicopters in construction of buildings rarely happened. In this case, use of sophisticated machinery to complete the tower was critical given the size of the building (Malcolm 47).

It took only two years to have some initial plans of the tower scrapped. The Metro centre did not see the light of day owing to increased cost of construction prior to the initial budget. The consequence was a huge challenge for visitors who would not access the tower as earlier anticipated. The chief project architect John Andrews attributed the lack of completion of this center was due to poor selection of building space. However, after the completion and finishing the tower with amazing features that have continued to puzzle many.

At its opening in June 1976, the tower had cost the Canadian Railway an average of $243 million (Billington 23). The structure of the building composed of different sub structures some of which were not in the initial plan. The main structure is hexagonal with an average of six elevators operating. On the top of the tower is a 100 meters antenna that hosts many broadcast signals for radio and television.

Recommendations It is unarguable that CN tower remains as one of the most iconic towers in the modern world. With no intentions of undermining the architectural and engineering design pertinent to the tower, there are different dimensions that the tower would take if it were built in the 21st century.

Primarily, the objective of the tower to become a host of numerous radio and television communication channels would not hold in the modern world. Given the fact that satellite transmission of information has taken root, the need for communication towers all over the world has reduced dramatically (Fulford 43).

As such, the structure ought to have considered ‘future’ advancements in technology before it embarked on the construction. With such a structure, there would be the need to have the building increase its useful space without having to utilize so many resources on the sky pod to serve analogue communication (Malcolm 54).

In the contemporary world, structures of such heights have been subsequently been replaced to serve as tourist attraction sites in addition to serving as include business and commercial centers.

Take for instance, Burj Khalifa, which is in UAE and stands as the tallest building in the world has provided a space for numerous business offices which in no way, have reduced its ability to attract tourists. Despite the elegance portrayed by the freestanding CN tower, much of the building materials and space have gone to waste, as the tower cannot allow occupation of the storeys beyond the first 20 storeys.

The construction of the sky pod had numerous disadvantages that hindered the utilization of cheaper resources. In fact, to set signal in various sections of the building, the use of helicopters was not only an expensive venture but also created shortage of financial resources at the disposal of Canadian Railway at the expense of priory-planned structures within the building (Fulfort 41). In particular, Metro center did not materialize as planned owing to misappropriation of resources.

The convergent sky pod within the tower allowed few if any structures that could provide support for the workers. As such, were we to construct the tower in the context of the modern world, the structure would be uniform from the ground to allow the ability of the worker to access the top without using expensive technologies.

Prompted by occurrences of fire disasters like the one that occurred Ostankino tower in 2000, CN tower was found to be lacking proper maintenance and critical safeguards that could avert fire disasters. As such, the tower ought to have been constructed with fireproof materials that have typified modern civil engineering.

This would also be coupled by a system that would conduct frequent inspections to establish any potential cause of fire. A modern building would have a sprinkler system that would not only reduce the probability of fires but also ensure that there are reduced damages in cases of fire outbreak. It would also consist of nonstop monitoring operation that indicates areas within the building that are prone to catching fire.

Finally, other stringent measures such as banning any inflammable appliances from the perimeters of the building to reduce unforeseen risks should have taken precedence were the building to be constructed in the 21st century. In sum, numerous ways to prevent fire spread have continued to characterize the current and modern structures helping them to be safer from fire disasters than earlier on.

At its completion, the building had utilized incandescent lighting system. Were the building to be constructed in the modern era, the lighting system would change dramatically to allow increased cost efficiency and environmental friendliness. Although the tower has had the entire lighting system changed to incorporate LED lighting system, the initial plan had prioritized on the use of bulbs, which do not only use huge amounts of energy but also present a challenge to the environment amid the growing concern of global warming.

In 2006, CN tower predisposed the residents of Toronto to a rare but dangerous situation. Due to its shape, the building attracted ice at its dome in winter.

This continued for a while making the entire sky pod to possess huge layer of ice. Unprecedented spell of wind that engulfed the city blew much of the ice to the surrounding. The ice was broken into massive blocks that threatened people, vehicles, and buildings that surrounded it. Indeed, it forced the local council to declare a safety perimeter around the tower to avert the danger of loss of life as well as property.

In the light of this factor, it is important to consider this factor if we were to think of CN tower as having been constructed in contemporary world. Hence, it would not only bear a different shape but also made of materials that do not attract ice and snow. The substructure such as the dome could have been in another style to reduce the possibility of allowing the gathering of ice around it during winter.

Finally, it is important to appreciate that the tower cost huge amounts of financial resources. In the contemporary world, many machines have replaced human labor, which was apparent during the construction of the building. In fact, Canadian Railway contracted around 2000 manual workers particularly during the excavation phase.

In the contemporary world, the work of excavation would only take machines a few days contrary to the four months that it took to dig up the ground and foundation. As such, were CN towers to be constructed in the 21st century, it would insinuate reduced use of human and time resources that were typical in the construction period.

Summary In sum, CN tower that is also referred to as Canada National Towers reflects an impeccable work of architectural and engineering design. Combined with elegance and superior architectural outlook, the tower stands amongst the tallest towers in the world only coming second Burj Khalifa. Indeed, the building stands at 533.33 meters above sea level.

Increased need for effective communication, technological advances and cultural practices precipitated the construction of the building. Its construction commenced in 1973 and the use of technological advances was apparent. Massive human labor and such highly advanced technology like helicopters saw the structure that was mainly made of steel pillars and concrete rise above all other buildings in Toronto’s skyline.

Nonetheless, government’s lack of finding an appropriate land, poor utilization of space, lack of compliance to fire safety principles, shape and many other aspects of the tower have been phased out in the contemporary field of civil engineering and architecture. CN towers however remains an iconic work that brings numerous number of tourists to the country. Thus, the recommendations are in appreciation that the structure is unparalleled by many structures

Works Cited Billington, David. The Tower and the Bridge, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. Print.

Fulford, Robert. Accidental city: The transformation of Toronto, MacFarlane: Walter


Research on the Oprah Winfrey Show Proposal college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Research Questions

Research hypothesis

Study Justification

Literature Review

The Rise and Influence of Oprah Winfrey

Downfall of the Oprah Winfrey Show


Works Cited

Introduction For many decades over the past period, mass media have played a vital role in disseminating significant information to the audience. Consequently, audiences have reciprocated these efforts by expressing loyalty to various television shows and radio shows. As a result, a large audience base is likely to be constituted depending on the host’s ability to draw as many audiences as possible.

This has a mutual benefit between the host and the audience following them. The host is likely to benefit more than the audience in various instances as revealed in studies on the Oprah Winfrey’s shows. Television shows have hit the market more than the radio shows given the improved technological changes that allow television broadcasting share various shows on certain terms and conditions.

The major expectations of audiences are learning, entertainment, advices, and more important, getting inspiration from the television shows. Since the introduction of The Oprah Winfrey Show, approximately 26 years ago, the show managed to draw many audiences across the world. Each episode could attract different audience, depending on the message and the hosted character.

However, the show, just like many other business ventures had its odds and hardships leading to its last days in mid-2011. This came up after the host; Oprah Winfrey decided to concentrate on her OWN cable network that she had established January 2011. Love her or hate her, this lady with a very poor life background managed to conquer odds in life to an extent of becoming a superstar.

From lags to riches, from Mississippi, Oprah improved on her weight, (although still struggling), created world recognition, inspired people undergoing hard times, and marketed herself among others. With her termination of the show, many audiences could not afford to watch her based on the expense in securing a Nielsen box to transmit the OWN programs, such as Oprah’s Next Chapter.

The Television show triggered both motivational and inspirational powers to audience with assistance of books published by this host. The big question derived from the show could be; why did The Oprah Winfrey Show has to end despite rising into high popularity standards? (Goodale 1). Therefore, this study cultivated on various important issues contributed by the show, reasons attributing to termination of this television show and why self promotion is complicated.

Research Questions Based on the study thesis, various questions will be formulated to ensure the study come up with a conclusive explanation of various weighty matters learned from The Oprah Winfrey Show. Therefore, the following research questions will guide the study;

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What were the audiences’ expectations, lessons, and source of quest to continue watching the show both locally and globally?

Was it necessary for Oprah Winfrey to terminate her role in hoisting the show?

What are the highs and lows encountered in the journey to gain success as a public figure through self promotion?

Why did this show had to be terminated despite its source of inspiration to many people and what are possible measures that can be taken to prevent losing audience?

Is it possible to maintain the public attention among the audiences through self promotion?

Research hypothesis Various research hypotheses will be necessary at this stage of research proposal to link the researchers’ thoughts to the information gathered from other sources. As a result, the following hypotheses are likely to be rejected or accepted, depending on the information gathered from both secondary and primary sources. The results derived from sources related to The Oprah Winfrey Show will help in creating a conclusion of the study. The hypothesis formulated in this study include,

Most of the audiences are likely to listen and watch television shows at any expense as long as there is a message derived at the end of the show.

It is impossible to maintain the audience loyalty forever in public spaces, such as televisions.

Self promotion is a tough task and the cost to maintain an identity is even tougher.

Study Justification This study is geared towards spotting various problems that war the success of media and communication fraternity. Rising superstars or celebrities as well as televisions and radio programs have been rampant in most parts of the world.

However, these programs or shows have been terminated in a very crude ways in which the audiences are left nostalgic. In most cases, the shows have been terminated even when the audience loyalty increases. This behavior of “popular hosts” jumping from one position to another may result to trouble among the media owners and their audience.

Most of the hosts have been accused of serving these positions for their own good and popularity. Therefore, the common interest keeps lowering toward the audience, whereas the personal interest keeps on rising. At the end of the day, the host think they are superior hence they can make any move, make unlawful decisions, and even think they can domineer among others.

Therefore, this study will offer a solution to ensure measures are taken in appropriate time to ensure the audience remains the first priority and enjoy their shows comfortably without incurring high expense. Most important, discussion on issues of self promotion could be a shaping tool for the upcoming hosts.

Literature Review The struggle to create or promote personal identity in public can be a very hectic task. More so, audience can be source of the celebrity that most people require to climb the ladder of popularity. However, the television host have a hard task behind them in the battle to identify the potential in them, working on the identity, marketing themselves, and more precisely, to maintain the audience’s loyalty.

Many scholars and researchers have been studying various factors that might be contributing to the rise and fall of various superstar and this have highly contribute to the knowledge base on personal promotion and marketing an identity.

We will write a custom Proposal on Research on the Oprah Winfrey Show specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Rise and Influence of Oprah Winfrey The popularity of The Oprah Winfrey Show was a major boost to the television broadcaster owners, Oprah Winfrey, and the audience. The cooperation between the three stakeholders was a huge achievement that propelled the coexistence of the show. However, it got motivational and inspirational to watch a once impoverished young girl from Mississippi transform and gain popularity to be among the highly ranked women in the world and an American icon.

Besides her race background (Black American), she conquered in a field that many people would not have thought of succeeding (Info please 1). Fortunately, the jovial, and firing shows hosted by Oprah Winfrey kept even the Whites asking for more. Canton David described her as “An African-American woman captured the hearts and minds of middle- and upper-middle-class whites” (Goudreau 1).

The Oprah Winfrey Show transformed the American and the rest of the world’s people’s lives. The quest for Americans for emotional and bodily craving for self-redefinition was of great boost to Oprah’s self promotion. She used her position as a host to deliver the most important messages through hosting various people.

People hosted ranged from the popular to peasant, depending on the message she wanted to deliver in each episode. The guests invited were drawn from music industries, political arena, games and sports, films, and simple people with inspirational testimonies (Goudreau 1).

The great influence of the show has a massive support in America compared to other areas in the world. This emanates from the fact that most of the guest hosted in the show has the American ground and their inspirational stories have direct linkage to other residents in the region. It is easier to hear a testimony or revelation from people you know as compared to strangers.

As a result, American shows have more audiences as compared to Chinese shows, who may have less interest on what the program is all about. In addition, this low audience in China may be as a result of inability to own commodities such as Nielson box. Airing some controversial or biased issues may as well reduce the audience in a show. For instance, hosting a show on violence, legalization of homosexuality and commercial sex may discourage number of audience.

The presence of Oprah Winfrey Show can be used to show how a humble beginning can end up creating an indelible mark among the audience. Even with departure of Oprah Winfred in her show, the audience has followed her to the new cable network (OWN).

There is no doubt that this host must have won hearts of many audiences. This might be associated with how the program was beneficial to the society. For instance, Oprah was in the frontline in donating goods worth millions to charity organizations. In addition, she managed to recruit and employ a certain number of people.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Research on the Oprah Winfrey Show by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, apart from her airing inspirational messages in the show, she related closely with the people. This could have cemented the relationship with her audience. This was great achievement as Oprah managed to demonstrate a true media power in the 21st century. Her determination to her own freedom granted her the wealth she enjoys today after declining offers to sell her show (Goodale 1).

Downfall of the Oprah Winfrey Show The departure of this queen in television show was not a very voluntarily decision as indicated by various scholars. Notably, by the end of the last episode of The Oprah Winfred Show, the ratings had dropped significantly (Goudreau 1). Some argue that Oprah had developed an ego that she never had when starting the show. The quest to have freedom was another reason that she had to work on her own network (OWN). The popularity of Oprah had exceeded the one of her guest and it seemed that they were “cheap” to her (Goudreau 1).

The quest for freedom and dominance in her work can be drawn after she started the new cable network, OWN. She held three string position that included Chief Executive Officer and Chief Creative Officer. At the same time, she was a major host in the show Oprah’s Next Chapter.

In another move that attracted mixed reaction she posted on tweeter for people to tune into her latest series on OWN via Nielsen box. This was a violation of the policies laid by Nielson and she had to delete the post soon. However, after apologizing, she went further to post abusive posts in response to people reactions on her arrogance. According to Goudreau,

Oprah responded with this post “’desperate’ not ever a part of my vocab… Unethical a little harsh don’t u think? Seemed like it made sense to me. Sorry if u’re offended….Just making a request, since I can’t watch myself. Choice is yours. (1)

This might question her moral standard and tarnish her name. However, there are possibilities to redeem her image as lately revealed with hosting of Lady Gaga, Stephen Tyler, and Whitney Houston’s daughter Bobbi Kristina and her family.

Methodology This study will use both the qualitative and quantitative research approach given the thin line between the two methods (Saunders 23). These two will be used complementarily in one instance or the other because this study will require both measurable and immeasurable information likely to assist in answering the research questions and proving the hypothesis.

Therefore, the research will use both the secondary and the primary data. The secondary data will be derived from other sources on media and communication, such as journals, media clips, published books, newspaper, web pages among others. On the other hand, the primary data will include primary sources such as interview, surveys, and questionnaires.

In case of primary data collection, a considerable sample size will consider the gender, age, and social class. Formation of the right sample size is a crucial issue to ensure that the sample is not too big or too small (Kumar 78).

The implications led by too big or too small sample size is the reliability and validity of the information derived from the sample. For instance, a small sample size with very few variables may not be useful in generalization of the results achieved. On the other hand, a large sample size may lead to erroneous results especially when there is time and money constraint.

Reliability of the data collected in the study will depend on free sampling without any biasing. In addition, there will be probability sampling to ensure the reliability and the validity of the data (Neuman 154). Various indicators in the sample will be used to ensure data collected does not focus on one major group of the respondents.

Works Cited Goodale, Gloria. “Oprah Winfrey Show’ ends, but Oprah’s legacy lives on.” Christian Science monitor. csmonitor, 25 May 2011. Web.

Goudreau, Jenna. “Oprah Winfrey’s Nielsen Tweet and the Dark Side of Self- Promotion.” Forbes. forbes, 14 Feb. 2012. Web.

Info please. “Oprah Winfrey.” Infoplease., 13 Apr. 2012. Web.

Kumar, Richard. Research Methodology: A step-by-step guide for beginners. 2nd ed. London: SAGE, 2005. Print.

Neuman, William. Social Research Methods—Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 6th ed. Boston: Pearson A


Information Technology: Computer Software Essay (Article) best college essay help: best college essay help

Information technology has contributed much to the modern appearance of the world. This is because, many people from diverse areas can effectively communicate instantly with the use of advanced information technology. Information technology constitutes various areas such as computer hardware, information systems, programming languages and computer software.

Computer software differs from the hardware components of a computer because it cannot be touched. In a firm which deals with computer hardware there are more people on software programming than those in hardware design. Smaller hardware necessitates the introduction of more software applications that are required to help connect the components of the hardware.

Software was initially linked to the hardware by the Original Equipment Manufacturers. This was to enable customers to buy the smallest computer in the market, and have the Original Equipment Manufacturers’ engineers install the required software.

Computer software is a set of computer programs that instructs the computer on what to do and how to do it. It uses various programming languages to come up with these instructions. These instructions are in a form of a code that automates some hardware activities. By using these codes, one is able to perform several operations and reach so many people within a short period of time. These codes are executed when a user inputs something into the computer, and the result is thereof obtained (Hally, 2005).

Computer software has gained wide application from the rapidly changing technology. It has many areas and sectors using it. For instance, in the business sector, it has contributed so much. It has increased business profitability by reducing costs through the use of software in processing data, invoicing and payroll.

Also it is profitable in that, it has improved distribution through online stores and thus creating new market opportunities. By the use of software spreadsheet, employees are able to concentrate on value added tasks rather than the routine tasks (Blais, 2011). Computer software has hence gained popularity in the business sector.

Computer software has also contributed to effective learning as various people who are not able to travel to certain regions can access lessons that are offered online. Also, students from diverse areas are able to communicate effectively with each other, thus sharing ideas and helping each other in project development.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is achieved through configuration of computers in a certain geographical area so as to share resources like databases and programs. Trainers can also offer training programs online and hence reach so many trainees without necessarily moving to where they are. This has greatly reduced costs such transport and accommodation costs.

Business men are able to reach so many customers in diverse locations. They can advertise their products and also collect views from customers concerning their products. Some software enables business men to create a forum for the customers to freely express themselves as they can access the businessmen by a single execution of a command (Longley


Reaction paper on the movie ‘Crash’ Essay argumentative essay help

The Crash movie belongs to a group of movies that has been thriving in recent years. In the movie, Americans from diverse settings are brought together by societal values that force them to recognize their unique identities. Though these movies are not as realistic as they appear, they tend to portray the vivid picture of how different races relate and co-exist.

It has been observed that racism and stereotyping do not exist anymore. I do not agree with this view point. This is largely due to the fact that the degree of racism in recent years may not be as intense as it was in the past. However, this notion does not disqualify the practice of racism even in America. It is possible that people belonging to other ethnic groups are not treated in the same way as it were in the past. However, the practice of racism and stereotyping can still be executed in different ways. In the past, black people were treated as slaves.

Currently, there are jobs or positions they cannot be given. The practice of stereotyping is also common in America as depicted in the description on how black people generally behave. When the whites posit that black people are liars and thieves, it may be out of racism. In one of the scenes, a grumpy Iranian retailer was insulted by a proprietor of a gun store who referred to him as Osama.

There are at least three reasons which I suppose have contributed to stereotypes, racism and sexism. One of the reasons is prejudice. Secondly, discrimination has been instrumental while the third reason is attached to different belief systems and values. Those who have practiced various beliefs and values do think that racism should be a way of life. Prejudice contributed to racism in such way that white people have negative attitude towards the blacks.

In fact, prejudice is the negative attitude towards another person based on personal comparison in which an individual’s preference is taken as the point of reference. It is clear that discrimination was used to separate one sex from the other when one gender is seen as superior than the other (Kendall, 2012). Women were discriminated by being isolated from important events. In the movie, it was not hard to figure out who was being supported by Mr. Haggis.

The film is also characterized by language barriers. These barriers have played significant roles in communication. The actors who played various parts in the film experienced communication barriers. For instance, what could be expressed by one actor could not be easily understood by another.

The characters were seemingly pretending to understand each other. There are some ways that could be used to overcome these language barriers. For example, it would be necessary to appreciate each person regardless of individual background. In addition, the mode of communication used should be uniform and understandable to all the characters.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are two scenes that have impacted me a lot. Firstly, the scene in which the owner of a gun store insulted a bad-tempered Iranian shopkeeper calling him Osama was indeed disgusting. What happened later was quite astonishing. They pulled guns, stole cars, put the lives of children in danger, cars flip over and exchanged angry and hurtful words. These acts were executed within a very short time. The scene was one of many scenes that had expressed racism and stereotypes in a drastic way.

The second scene that had an impact is the one in which characters demonstrated themselves in two different personalities in the film. For instance, the racist white police officer turned out to be physically brave and dedicated to his ailing father. This police had a perceptive white partner who liked engaging in undesirable racial practice. There was a young black man who turned out to be a carjacker after witnessing rampant racism.

Consequently, a rich and easygoing black man pulled out a gun and started screaming as if he was innocent. It is not appropriate to ask someone about his or her ethnic background. This is because such a question and approach is basically the foundation of racism. The question can result into ethnic clashes among people of different backgrounds who are staying together. Ethnic clashes interfere with cohesion and disintegrate any form of unity.

If a person asks such a question and realizes that the other person is of different background, there is possibility of creating some hatred. Many people are not interested with one’s ethnic background. They are more concerned with what can assist in bringing about cohesion than ethnic division. Hence, these vices seem to be losing place in modern world.

In conclusion, it is not possible to prove that racism, stereotyping and sexism do not exist. What is important is not whether they exist in modern world but to find ways and solutions to counter them. People should not practice racism or discriminate others just because they are from different ethnic or gender backgrounds.

Reference Kendall, D. (2012). Sociology in Our Times. Belmont: Wardsworth, Cengage Learning.


Influence of the American Media in Promotion of Democratic values in the United States of America Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Television is one of the main tools of communication in mass media. Technological revolution has seen increased global television coverage (Marling, 2006). Companies such as Cable News Network (CNN) have extended their global coverage, resulting in increased global audience. The 2008 US presidential elections generated a lot of global interest. Democrats had two candidates contesting for the party’s presidential ticket (Museuam TV, 2010).

They included the current President, Barrack Obama and Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton. The presidential election was deemed historic for two reasons. First, Obama won, he would be the first African-American president. On the other hand, Hillary Clinton won she would be the first woman president. Subsequently, Barrack Obama won and thus became the first ever African-American President of the United States.

Television coverage of the 2008 US Presidential elections After the 2008 Democratic Party primaries, Barrack Obama won the party’s presidential nomination race. He was pitted against John McCain, the Republican Party candidate. The election race between the two candidates generated increased media coverage. Cable News Network (CNN) enjoys heavy local and international presence. The company, which is based in Atlanta, Georgia, comprises of CNN/US and CNN International.

CNN covered the 2008 presidential elections comprehensively where the company hosted several debates during both parties’ primaries. Also, the company introduced a new dimension to the presidential debate. Through CNN-You tube, ordinary citizens were in a position to submit questions prior to debates between the two presidential candidates (Associated Press, 2009).

This increased CNN’s viewership by 48%. Increased coverage of the presidential polls right from the primaries has several advantages. One advantage is that the electorate is in a position to scrutinize the candidates’ responses to specific issues affecting them. Therefore, they can make an informed decision based on the suitability of the candidates’ responses in relation to their needs.

This model has been replicated in other countries although not in the same form. It is highly regarded due to increased transparency in the process of nomination.

Increased scrutiny from television coverage has also acted as important tool in voter education. In 2008, 18 to 24 year olds voter turnout increased by 2% where it was reported at 49% compared to 47% reported in 2004 (Associated Press, 2009).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through televised debates for example, issues affecting the nation including issues affecting young people were discussed. Some of the issues addressed include an increasing level of unemployment in the country. The presidential candidates gave their varied opinions and solution to such issues. As a result, young voters were able to identify the candidate who best promises to provide viable solutions to their problems.

International coverage of the 2008 American presidential triggered several issues. One of the issues that emerged from the election is ability of presidential candidates from minority groups to assume key government positions. In 1966, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave the famous ‘I have a dream ‘speech.

He envisioned a society where judgment would be based on an individual’s character, as opposed to his/her biological and cultural background. The 2008 elections was therefore a litmus test for the United States as a society and levels of tolerance within the society. The election of Barrack Obama thus was a reflection of increased levels of cultural tolerance. Also, it epitomized political maturity.

The United States is therefore seen as a model democracy across the globe (Marling, 2006). With the aid of increased international television coverage, people across the globe were able witness this landmark development in the United States politics. Therefore, this historic election was a challenge to other countries to emulate the United States in exhibiting such levels of cultural tolerance. This provides a level playing ground for all candidates thus enhancing the democratic values.

Effects of 2008 US Presidential Elections on Italy Obama’s victory in 2008 was seen as a ‘small revolution’ across the globe (Associated Press, 2009). It gave individuals from minority groups’ hope of ascending into high political office. One of the main effects of the outcome of the election was minority group leaders are willing to take more political risks including running for high offices. These leaders are ready to work closely with their kin with the objective of advancing their interests and political ambitions.

The outcome of the 2008 US presidential elections was also a challenged to the Italian society to integrate immigrants into their political institutions. Therefore, through their leaders, these groups will be in a position to contribute comprehensively towards the achievement of national policies. Also, minority groups will be more enthusiastic towards participating in the electoral process. In 2008 US Presidential elections, black and Hispanic vote was very crucial in swing states such as Nevada and Colorado.

In April 2008, Silvio Berlusconi assumed the premiership in Italy. He was very enthusiastic about Obama’s victory in the elections. US-Italian relations thus have continued to flourish with several notable developments. Italy has always been a close ally of the United States. Italy, for example, hosts United States army, air force and navy across in different bases across the country. Italy, also, was part of multinational force that was deployed in Iraq from 2006.

We will write a custom Essay on Influence of the American Media in Promotion of Democratic values in the United States of America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The United States has been very instrumental in the Euro zone crisis which affected the Italian economy adversely. President Obama has played a crucial role in soliciting help for the ailing Italian economy. His confidence in the current administration’s ability to get the country’s economy is a significant boost to the administration’s efforts. The above is based on cordial relations existent between the two countries.

Impact of technological advancements in coverage of the 2008 United States Presidential Election in Italy

Television industry in Italy has been dominated by two major players. Mediaset, owned by Silvio Berlusconi, is one of the major players in the industry. The company runs several television stations including Italia 1, Canale 5 and Rete 4 (Associated Press, 2009). Access to the channels is free and as such, the Italian public is in a position to access the channels. The second major player in the television industry is RAI (Radiotelevisione italiana). This is the state-owned broadcaster which runs television channels such as Rai 1, Rai 2 and Rai 3.

The above companies have enjoyed a duopoly thus controlling 90% of the market. However, developments in the Italian television industry have seen entry of new players keen on breaking the duopoly. One of new players in the industry is Cable News Network. CNN launched CNNItalia which broadcasts in Italian and was integral in the coverage of the US Presidential elections in 2008.

Major television networks in Italy have been accused of laxity in the coverage of various political events (Mediabistro, 2009). Due to increased stranglehold by the political class, these television stations have not been comprehensive in delivering accurate political analysis to their audiences.

The 2008 US Presidential elections received limited coverage from the major networks including Rai and Mediaset television channels. However, the pay television channels including international channels such as Sky Italia and CNNItalia were able to deliver to the audiences. For example, CNN was able to employ new technology in order to enhance coverage of the elections.

One of the key technologies introduced during the elections is the use of holographic technology. Holographic technology was used to relay results using 3D technology and this made it easier for the viewer to identify the winner based on the illustrations (Mediabistro, 2009).

This was very crucial to the international audience as the images enhanced their understanding of the results. Another aspect introduced by CNN was the ‘magic wall’. This was a topographic representation of the different regions across the United States. The technology was also quite effective in enabling the Italian public to follow election results and also identify the location of the different States from where the results were reported.

Conclusion The United States is considered a model democracy across the globe. It is based on strong electoral institutions and systems. This promotes transparency in the voting process. The 2008 US presidential polls were a landmark in the country’s history. The election saw Barrack Obama being elected as the 44th President of the United States. The event marked renewed energy for minority groups towards assuming key positions in the government.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Influence of the American Media in Promotion of Democratic values in the United States of America by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The ‘Obama effect’ was also experienced in Europe where minority groups experienced renewed vigor towards achieving the same feat in their countries. Authoritative coverage by international networks including CNN enabled viewers including those in Italy to monitor and understand the results. Therefore, advances in technology were very critical in ensuring that viewers understood the content of the election results.

Reference List Associated Press (2009). Black women, Hispanics fueled 2008 vote. Web.

Marling, W. (2006). How “American” Is globalization?. Baltimore, Maryland: JHU Press.

Mediabistro (2009). CNN and Technology: 9 Landmark moments. Web.

Museuam TV. (n.d.). Political Processes and Television


Reducing Racism in the University of Alberta and University of York Essay essay help: essay help

The aspect of racism in institutions of higher learning is dealt with in its early stages considering that the universities shape the discourse of the society as a major agent of socialization. Perpetuation of racism in these two institutions discussed has consequences.

Having received appointment from the Alberta provincial government to reduce racism in Alberta there are two institutions, which would receive first priority in this matter. The first institution is the University of Alberta, which is a major institution, and it is one of the areas in Alberta with high concentration of the minorities because either the minority populations come here for further studies or they work within the city of Alberta.

The other institution, which would receive priority, is the University of York, which is an institution accused by certain quarters of having racist environment, and even one of its student’s newspapers had a series of jokes that are termed as racist. These two institutions are of strategic importance in the adoption and implementation of measures and policies against racism (Kobayashi, 2003).

After choosing the institutions, the second step as person appointed to reduce racism would be in ensuring that the environment in those institutions is accommodative to students or any other minority person. The environment in this case regards the people and the surroundings such as the policies and the institutions rules and regulations. Fortunately, currently there are no rules in both institutions described as discriminatory. Therefore, the most important thing would be ensuring that the rules are followed and no one is allowed to discriminate based on race.

In addition, it is a well-known fact that racism develops because of ignorance of other people’s culture and lack of non-biased interaction. To deal with this unawareness of other people’s culture the first step will involve introducing a compulsory and examinable unit called multiculturalism that will involve studying literature from all over the world especially from Africa and Asia. This will be necessary in providing the students with the necessary information about other races.

Interaction is also a major aspect of dealing with racism. Ensuring that there is constancy and in this case, positive contact with people from different races is a major issue in reducing racism. There should be a policy where student’s distribution in hostels is in a manner that promotes integration and interaction between people of different races. This means that for every one black student there will be five white students in that hostel.

This will ensure the white students will interact with the black students. Lecturers will also participate in this program by creating group tasks and assignments, where these groups will incorporate students from all races. This cooperation of working together to handle tasks and assignments will go a long way in reducing racism (Bonita


Research Proposal on Divorce and Its Effects on Children best essay help

The focus of this research proposal is to study the effects of divorce and single parenting on the children. The procedure for acquiring related data includes both qualitative and quantitative methods. The dominant approach will be in the form of case studies and the data will be collected through unstructured interviews and observations.

Standardized measuring scale: Likert Scale will be used for quantitative data to explore the parent-child relationship after divorce. Lastly, there are some suggestions for the families experiencing divorce to make the transition during divorce less traumatic for the children.

Divorce is a very complex situation. It is not a one-time affair, which is over with the proceedings in the courthouse. Divorce involves a long process including the sequence of events and behaviors, which gradually tears down the positive feelings of one or both the spouses for each other.

In course of time, they are convinced that they cannot carry on with this marital relationship and want to get rid of it.. Not only the divorcing couples but also their children, relatives and people related to them experience an upheaval in every aspect of their lives. Therefore, divorce is often a very painful sequence of events (Matthews, par. 6).

The fights between parents and their incompatibility leave deep negative impressions on the children. They feel dejected and unwanted. This situation can result in their developing a negative attitude towards parents and marriage. The parents’ matrimonial problems develop a sense of deprivation of parental love, feeling of guilt, embarrassment, insecurity and lower self-confidence in children.

They lose concentration in studies and tend to develop negative attitude and behavior such as depression, anxiety, indiscipline, etc. If these effects are not reflected upon seriously, they may influence their personalities through adulthood. The children are shattered and filled with the feelings of anxiety and anger following their parents ‘divorce. Hence, they need proper attention and support to deal with the sense of insecurity they develop after their parents ‘divorce (“Effects of Divorce”, par. 2).

A child’s sensitivity to divorce is determined by his age, gender and history of dealing with the unfavorable situations. The prevailing stressful events affect even the tough child and can develop problems. There are certain factors that may lead the children to maladjustment after the divorce. Some of these factors may be irreversible and may have existed before divorce. These apply huge pressure on children at the time of separation or divorce.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is apparent that divorce of their parents affects all children. There are some effects that appear immediately after the separation and others occur in a long run. Children of divorcees feel rejected by one of their parents and are unavoidably pressurized by greater responsibilities.

They are devoid of the nurturing relationship of the non-custodial parent(usually the father). The gender of the custodial parent also determines the impact of the divorce on children. Children staying in the custody of the parent of opposite sex show more problems.

According to Amato and Booth (1996), It is observed that children can occasionally pull through rather swiftly following the divorce, but divorce related feelings may come out later in life because of the repressed feelings at a subconscious level. This delayed reaction is the outcome of the denied feelings about the traumatic experiences of childhood.

“Research suggests that problematic parent-child relations associated with divorce persist throughout the life course” (qtd. in Matthews par. 7).



Starbucks vs. Tim Hortons Essay essay help free: essay help free

Table of Contents Services of Starbucks and Hortons


Strategies of Starbucks



Debates about coffee exist since Hortons and Starbucks, the two major coffee joints, were launched. Both Hortons and Starbucks have some similar features and the common feature is that they both serve coffee and donuts. Hortons and Starbucks serve more coffee than any other product.

Certainly, Starbucks is much more famous than Tim Hortons since it provides quality products, free internet access, and various samples for its customers to try. It has popularized itself in social networks such as Facebook and Twitter (Walsh, 2010). Starbucks is using different approaches to cope with current competitive settings and provides quality products which satisfy its customers.

Services of Starbucks and Hortons Starbucks provides quality products which most customers have appreciated despite their prices. Customers who sign up for Starbucks become members of Starbucks rewards, their balances are protected if their cards are stolen or misplaced, and obtain gifts on their birthdays.

These are not the only benefits customers receive from Starbucks which have made it more popular than Hortons. Starbucks has made history by becoming the first company to obtain ten million fans on Facebook, social networking site. They are ahead of Coca-Cola by more than three million fans.

Starbucks has participated in supporting organization like Starbucks China Education Project and China Soong Ching Ling Foundation. They donated US$6.75 million to support projects intended at supporting teachers and children in rural regions of China (QSR, 2012). Starbucks also donated US$800,000 to the China Women Development Foundation that was initiated to help projects which are intended at supporting Chinese women receive access to essential services like safe drinking water (QSR, 2012).

Prices One thing which mostly differentiates the two is their prices, where Hortons is much cheaper than Starbucks. Tim Hortons is less expensive and favors workers coming from small businesses. Most people consider that Hortons is involved in unfair trade and this makes their products cheaper than Starbucks.

Farmers who sell their products to Hortons are paid low prices. However, Starbucks ensure that these farmers are paid correct amount of money for their products they supply to Starbucks. Most people consider that Starbucks provide quality products to their customers compared to Hortons.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Starbucks alters their drinks precisely the way they want it, while Hortons often add flavor substances to their drinks to increase taste and reduce extra expenses (Barnea, 2011). Although Tim Hortons is a fastest developing coffee joint in Canada and United States, Starbucks is also catching up due to their quality products it offers to its customers.

Most companies and businesses are going green in this competitive environment. Starbucks offers environmental friendly products. It provides sleeves to put on coffee cups to prevent hands from burning and sleeves are manufactured from 60 percent consumer fiber. Even their coffee cups are manufactured from recycled papers that make their products eco-friendly. Hortons does not provide these sleeves and their cups are doubled. They are not manufactured from consumer fibers or recycled papers to prevent hands from burning.

Strategies of Starbucks Starbucks has opened more branches than Hortons. The key motivation which pushes Starbucks to launch more branches globally is to obtain access to bigger markets. It benefits from various associations and joint ventures to develop its market control overseas.

It has opened more branches outside Canada and United States that have been developed by its aim of becoming environmental leader in all aspects of their business. Starbucks intends to manage a business that possesses quality standards and is beyond reproach in the domestic and international business market. Starbucks expanded its business internationally to increase its market limit and carry on to develop its business.

Starbucks has opened branches in 43 countries due to its target of keeping a better and stronger market (Walsh, 2010). All countries which Starbucks has opened branches have their own practices and cultural differences. Starbucks uses associations and joint ventures to help ease some of the difficulties of growing overseas. There are around 750 stores which have been opened in Japan and these were made possible by joint ventures with Japanese companies which permitted it to achieve cultural understanding (Walsh, 2010).

Starbucks has been working to provide a range of essential products, but it is not limiting itself in new products either. It works to make new products for various geographic regions due to the conflicting cultural experiences which match them. Starbucks is eager to respond to various conflicting cultural and environmental factors and due to that, it has been equipped to develop radically as a company since its started initially in a small store in Seattle.

Conclusion Both Starbucks and Hortons are well-known companies in several countries. They have their own strategies which make their customers keep on coming to buy their products. Starbucks is much more famous than Hortons because of its quality products. However, more employees from small businesses visit frequently Hortons to have cheaper and affordable coffee and other products.

We will write a custom Essay on Starbucks vs. Tim Hortons specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Prices at Starbucks are almost double the prices of products in Hortons, but most customers consider that their products are high quality than Hortons. Starbucks has expanded into international market using different strategies to attain its target and prevent all challenges which are experienced in different cultures abroad.

References Barnea, A. (2011). Lack of peripheral vision: How Starbucks failed in Israel. African Journal of Marketing Management , 3(4): 78-88.

QSR. (2012). Starbucks to Support Rural Education in China. Web.

Walsh, M. (2010). Starbucks Tops 10 Million Facebook Fans. Retrieved from


Why Should the Term of ‘Tebowing’ Be Considered as Worldwide and Added to the Oxford English Dictionary? Essay a level english language essay help

Today the process of emergence and extension of new notions and words in the English language is extremely rapid because of the possibilities provided by the Internet. The occasional usage of a new word which is usually derived from the other word can become spreading among the Internet community and contribute to the further expansion in the media. ‘Tebowing’ as a phenomenon of thanking God getting down on a knee became the part of the youth’s pop culture for a short period of time.

In spite of the fact the critics of this notion argue the moral aspect of the phenomenon and its origin, the usage of the word in speech, in press, and in the Internet expands and involves not only the English-speaking public in the USA, but it is also used as the international term for defining all the variants of the process of praying getting down on a knee. Moreover, the word is accepted by the popular Internet dictionaries as the notion for determining the social and cultural phenomenon and should be added to the Oxford English Dictionary.

Nowadays many young people, especially those who are interested in the activity of the National Football League know the meaning of the notion ‘Tebowing’. ‘Tebowing’ should be considered as the form of the verb ‘to tebow’ which is derived from the last name of the famous football player Tim Tebow.

Tim Tebow is popular with the public not only because of his great sport achievements but also because of his practice to pray before the game getting down on one knee. During the definite period of time the player’s tradition was not considered as an extraordinary phenomenon and was discussed only by the fans and critics of Tim Tebow.

However, the situation changed in October of 2011 when the Denver Broncos won the game with the Miami Dolphins. Tim Tebow was presenting his ritual when his fan Jared Kleinstein and his friends decided to take the same pose to demonstrate their admiration. The boys took a photograph of their actions and posted it in the Internet. Later the site where people could post their photos in the same pose was created by Jared Kleinstein. ‘Tebowing’ became the notion of the international usage (McKinley).

The term of ‘Tebowing’ is in a constant progress today which is correlated with the expansion of the phenomenon among the public. Taking into account the wide usage of the notion in the Internet and in the media, the Global Language Monitor developed the definition for the process and accepted it as the linguistic phenomenon.

According to the Global Language Monitor, ‘Tebowing’ is “the act of ‘taking a knee’ in prayerful reflection in the midst of an athletic activity” (“Tebowing Accepted into English Language”). Moreover, the notion was also presented in the online Urban Dictionary where the necessary accents were also made on the person’s praying while being down on a knee (McKinley).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nevertheless, paying attention to the peculiarities of expanding the notion among the public and with referring to the tendencies of the process’s realization by young people, it is possible to define ‘Tebowing’ as the act of taking a knee in order to accentuate the necessity of thanking for something or asking God to help or bless and emphasize the significance of the action or event for the person. This definition can be considered as appropriate because it highlights the possible variety of reasons for ‘Tebowing’ as an act or a process.

Nowadays the term of ‘Tebowing’ is used by the writers in definite printed works. It is possible to observe such stylistic combinations of the notion in the works as, for instance, the following one, “When things were really bad for Roethlisberger, he was on the sidelines Tebowing. It looked like Steelers were being sent to the Pits of Burgh” (Russo 95).

Moreover, Mike Yorkey in his book uses the word in the context of creating and development of the notion, “The following day, he created a tebowing blog on, then two days later purchased the tebowing domain name from GoDaddy” (Yorkey 114). The word is also widely used in online and printed newspapers and magazines in connection with the figure of Tim Tebow and for determining the independent phenomenon of praying.

Today many journalists and bloggers use the term of ‘Tebowing’ in the titles of their articles which are not directly referred to the player in order to draw the public’s attention. For instance, it is possible to observe such titles of the Internet articles as “Tebowing Your Small Business: Clutch Performance”, “Cheerleaders Add Tebowing to Routines”, and “No Tebow-ing for Obama?” (“Tebowing Your Small Business”; “Cheerleaders”; Thrush).

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) has worked out a set of criteria according to which new words can be added to it. There are three main criteria which include the number of the examples of the usage of the word in the printed resources, the time period of the word’s usage by the public, and the stability of the tem.

Discussing the question of the ‘reasonable length of time’ of using the term, it is possible to say that today the intensity of using the term in the media and in the Internet can be considered as more significant criterion in comparison with the criterion of time.

Although the critics of the notion accentuate the temporary character of the term and its limited usage, the notion of ‘Tebowing’ can be considered as fitting the OED criteria because there are many examples of its usage in books, in the printed press, and in the media. Moreover, ‘Tebowing’ is the acknowledged term which is actively used in the Internet. The fact is also supported by the significant amount of the Google search results used for the necessary investigations, researches, and papers (McClure; Moye; Roberts).

We will write a custom Essay on Why Should the Term of ‘Tebowing’ Be Considered as Worldwide and Added to the Oxford English Dictionary? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There are many arguments that the phenomenon of ‘Tebowing’ is temporary and that is why it cannot be added to the dictionary as the formal word. Nevertheless, ‘Tebowing’ as a practice acquires more and more features which are not associated with the figure of Tim Tebow, and it develops as the independent social phenomenon which is characteristic for young people not only in the USA as the origin country but also round the world.

The extensive usage of such words as ‘OMG’ and ‘LOL’ in several years which were added to the dictionary also cannot be guaranteed by scholars. Moreover, in spite of the fact this notion has no analogies which could be found in the dictionary, the phenomenon which the notion determines is in a constant progress.

Thus, the term of ‘Tebowing’ as the linguistic phenomenon explained by a certain appropriate definition can be added to the Oxford English Dictionary as the representation of the rapidly developed linguistic reality. Today it is necessary less time to examine the active usage of the word in the printed resources and prove its credibility. The peculiar features of the extremely intensive development of the notion of ‘Tebowing’ accentuate the possibility of its adding to the dictionary along with such words as, for instance, ‘OMG’ and ‘LOL’.

Works Cited Cheerleaders Add Tebowing to Routines. 2012. Web.

McClure, Randall. Googlepedia: Turning Information Behaviors into Research Skills. Web.

McKinley, Carol. Tebowing Goes Global as Winning Denver Quarterback Dazzles. 2011. Web.

Moye, David. Oxford Dictionary Removes ‘Cassette Tape,’ Gets Sound Lashing From Audiophiles. 2011. Web.

Roberts, Paul McHenry. How to Say Nothing in 500 Words. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Why Should the Term of ‘Tebowing’ Be Considered as Worldwide and Added to the Oxford English Dictionary? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Russo, William. Tebow versus Gronk: Clash of the Whimsical Titans. USA: CreateSpace, 2012. Print.

Tebowing Accepted into English Language. 2011. Web.

Tebowing Your Small Business: Clutch Performance. 2012. Web.

Thrush, Glenn. No Tebow-ing for Obama? 2012. Web.

Yorkey, Mike. Playing with Purpose: Tim Tebow. USA: Barbour Books, 2012. Print.


Initial Point of View and the other Side of the Story Essay cheap essay help

Public surveillance is known to instill some fear among the populace to the extent that the limits of the nature of information shared even to close associates for fear of reprisal. Therefore, in my view, surveillance should be limited to certain places especially the CCTV cameras that have been placed in every place that people pass by particularly in towns.

The public should be offered the right to its privacy as stipulated in many constitutions of different countries. This will bring about freely interaction among the members of the public where they can express their views freely without any worry that the information will leak and become privy to parties deemed to be wrong (Monmonier 55).

The other limitation of surveillance to the public is on telephone use. People are denied their right to freedom of expression through monitoring of the information they pass through phones. Surveillance through the telephone forces people to limit the information they pass on phones as they feel insecure.

Furthermore, a person can be traced where he is and when the conversation took place and it may be used as evidence in a court of law if the information threatens public safety. It has also been noted that surveillance gadgets fixed at work places also limit employees’ privacy. They limit their social interaction and behavior while working. They tend to make them remain focused on their work without any unauthorized side-jobs or informal conversations.

However on the other side, Monmonier (180), explains that the use of surveillance helps in monitoring the behavior of individuals in public places such as riots, use of abusive language and any unruly behavior among the public. The security bodies through the use of surveillance gadgets such as the CCTV fitted in public places are to obtain information of what happens and in case an awkward behavior erupts, they are able to know the people involved in such activities.

Thus, the members of the public in such gatherings can control their behavior and that of their friends. Herman (469) also explains that the surveillance gadgets fitted in the streets and other social places such as banks helps to prevent unacceptable acts like crime. People carry on their daily business without fear since the surveillance gadgets provide 24 hour coverage. In case of any crime committed, it is followed up as the gadgets record all the activities and the concerned persons.

Security officers can easily monitor people’s behavior in a public meeting through the use surveillance gadgets without having to be there physically. The surveillance gadgets are fixed on the entrance and inside the meeting grounds and thus recording all the people’s activities within the meeting.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When people are aware of the presence of surveillance gadgets such as CCTV and voice recording, they will avoid any misconduct to secure themselves from law breaking. This is used mostly in public gatherings and social places where there are large crowds of people (Herman 300).

The surveillance gadgets can also be used by employers or supervisors to monitor the work in progress. The surveillance gadgets are fixed at the working points and from a single point, the supervisor can easily follow what the workers are doing and even how far they are with the work.

This reduces the administration costs to the firm as only few administrators may be needed. Lastly, with the faster transfer of information, it is very easy to even monitor terrorism globally as the surveillance gadgets records for 24 hours and this information can be viewed in any part of the world (Monmonier 112).

Works Cited Herman, Kruegle. CCTV Surveillance: Analog and Digital Video Practices and Technology. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007. Print.

Monmonier, Mark. Spying with Maps: Surveillance Technologies and the Future of Privacy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. Print.


Basilica of Our Lady of Peace Research Paper online essay help: online essay help

Abstract The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro is in an administrative capital of Ivory Coast, Yamoussoukro. Architectures, designers, and constructors worked on the $ 300 million building between 1985 and 1989. The building heavily borrows its design from those of the Basilica of Saint Peter of Vatican. Pope John Paul II consecrated the building in 1990.

This is just a basilica and not a cathedral. There is Cathedral of Saint Augustine nearby where the bishop sits.

According to Guinness World Records, this is the largest church in the entire world as it takes from Saint Peter’s Basilica. The building occupies an area of 30,000 square meters and his 158 meters tall. It has a villa and rectory (not official parts of the church). The building has a capacity of accommodating a congregation of 18,000 worshippers.

Though built in Africa, the design has nothing to do with African culture or representations.

Basilica of Our Lady of Peace: Yamoussoukro From miles away, the church looks huge with a pearl-gray color observable over African bush. However, as one approaches, he will notice the true work of designers and architectures. This consists of copper cross that glitters in the sun, and a sandy-beige top with wide dome. This is a building of post-Renaissance in its style. It has two long arms with over 128 large columns of Doric design. This covers a 7.4 acre development of plaza with a pavement of marble and granite. People mistake it for St. Peter’s Basilica of Rome.

Location of the Building The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, Yamoussoukro has the largest dome in Africa after that of Tunisia, the Baths of Antoninus. The late President of Ivory Coast, Félix Houphouët-Boigny decided to have church at his birthplace of Yamoussoukro. This was also to be the new administrative capital city of the country.

Culture and Society President Félix Houphouët-Boigny wanted a memory of himself in his birthplace by what he termed as the world’s greatest church. The president ordered a stained glass window consisting of his image fixed next to that of Jesus and the apostles. Symbolically, the image portrays the president has one of the three Magi of the Bible offering a gift to Jesus as he kneels.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This building has no reflection of the modern designs and African culture or presentation of the African society. In addition, it is a building worth $ 300 million in one of the African poorest states (Ostling and James 4).

Controversy is raging this building in a country where majority are not even Catholic and are living below the poverty line. The building’s location is what some of its critique call the “bush” where accessibility becomes an issue for tourists and worshippers alike. Some individuals call it wasteful spending and grow waste of public resources.

In addition, no one knows exactly where resources for the construction were gathered. Still, in a country where population is low, and a church of 18,000 people, is just, but wastages, which they cannot afford. However, the extravagant church has some supporters too. They claim that it will have a massive development in terms of tourism attraction, and employment creation for the locals.

Still the church draws mixed reactions and emotions. There are those who feel that they would not forgive their late president for spending such huge sum of money on a church building. Others believe that the president did well by glorifying God with his resources (Massaquoi 2).

The church also annoys some Africans due to its lack of African representations. There is only one black face of the late president in the building among all other faces depicted in the paintings. This is a typical behavior of the African leaders of Félix Houphouët-Boigny contemporaries.

The building also has some lavish upkeep rated at $ one million every year. This has only created much resentment towards it. Besides, the building has a treaty exempting it from all manner of taxes and must be accorded state protection in subsequent regimes

Construction of the Building Pierre Fakhoury designed the building as a replica of the Vatican Basilica. It is the French construction company, Dumez that constructed the church (Elleh 30).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Basilica of Our Lady of Peace specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Architecture The Architectural design of Pierry Fakhoury is 158 meters tall. The Church consists of marble from Italy, and contemporary stained glass of France. There are many concrete columns of different sizes mainly for decorations, designs, and elevators, and direction of rain water. There are also a private papal villa and rectory in the area.

Materials The church consists of marble mainly for decoration. Marbles have aesthetic looks. They are easy to clean, and useful in interior decoration. The church has marbles to reflect the magnificent architectural work of designs just like the ancient monument structures. This is visible through artisans’ works, magnificent carvings, and molding that the constructors gave the natural stone. Marbles are durable materials because they are natural stones. This aspect will guarantee the church a long life. Marbles are also heat resistance.

Thus, in a country hot as Ivory Coast, marbles and granites in the church offer resistance to heat and protect other materials. The use of marbles ensures that the church has uniform temperature within it. Marbles are naturally fire resistance construction materials. This is because it is an igneous rock. This property makes it an ideal material for construction in churches, offices, or homes. However, marbles may be expensive, but their general advantages to the church are valuable.

The huge church consists of structural systems. These are mainly concrete slabs, columns and beams on the walls. The walls have decorations of stained glasses. Concrete use is mainly to create strong and large columns to support the building. The small concrete columns are mainly for decoration purposes in the church.

The use of concrete covers both the exterior and interior of the church, mainly the wall surface of the Basilica. The church has over 128 columns constructed of concrete. The use of concrete varies in the church because they have different purposes, such as support, decoration, staircases, and directing roof water. Concrete gives the church an idea of timelessness. This is material durability beyond most buildings of its contemporary.

The architecture also ensured that the building has columns to direct rain water and protect other parts of the building. The mixtures of concrete and other materials will protect the building from chemical erosions. The building also has a concrete cover that reinforces other fixtures such as windows and decorations. There are also places where copper decorations have reinforcement from concrete. The church also has sealers that protect it from rain water between the concrete joints.

At some points, it has steel that reinforces the structures at the column joints, stairs, corners, and at the constructed rain water tunnels. The French construction company had its procedure for mixing the concrete to ensure durability. This took into account issues of thermal stress, and unforeseen earthquakes. This concrete ensured that the structure is beautiful but also durable.

Copper, in interior design, in buildings evokes a sense of elegance. It is suitable for church construction because it enhances an atmosphere of calm, and tranquility. This idea makes copper decorations a popular choice in many churches. The church has exploited the use of copper both in the interior and exterior designs. This is not to mention other fixtures consisting of copper materials and alloys.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Basilica of Our Lady of Peace by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More If we take the recent technological breakthroughs in consideration, the building would have exploited copper decoration in a fashionable manner of modern time decorations. Today, copper used in design consists of other materials and has a variety of uses. These usages range from laminating furniture to walls. This is an aesthetic use of copper in modern time. Copper also has antimicrobial characteristics. Thus, it protects the buildings from chemical attacks and other erosions.

The uses of stained glasses are popular in the churches mainly because it is a material that has aesthetic attractions and preserves the beauty of both the interior and exterior of the church. Thus, the stained glass has developed as a part of the construction industry. The church has wide usages for stained glasses. It reflects the beauty as well as images of the late president and Jesus together with his apostles. This helps in the preservation of memories of the church and the late president, its founder.

Stained glasses achieve their aesthetic appeals by replicating the elements of its original quality and at the same time, retain the decorations on it. This beauty must be present from both the interior and exterior of the building. Thus, quality issues must of be a main concern to the architecture. In doing so, the glass must also allow lights in and eliminate glares and reflections all at once.

The designer must also ensure that the glass will stand thermal effects and avoid absolute paint loss. The church’s stained glasses have different shades and color for various purposes. Every pane, with a different color, must reflect light in the opposite direction at a given angle. The choice of the stained glass pane must reflect these ideas. The images must ensure that minimal lights reflect back as it must allow some lights in too. Thus, the images must be thin to allow light to pass through and reflect some.

In general, stained glass provides the following advantages to the church building. First, it accurately reproduces the elements, and details of images as they were initially in the decoration, no other decoration are capable of this achievement. Second, it is transparent enough to allow for viewers see through without confusion or distraction from anti-glare, images, or stained glass. The glasses are translucent too.

Thus, we cannot see much from both sides. Third, this glass has varieties of warm colors than transparent or any other system of decoration and aesthetics. Fourth, stained glasses come in pieces. Thus, the designer can decide to toughen or laminate them depending on his preference. This prevents the damaging effects of lights on images and the loss of paint. Fifth, stained glasses do not normally result into glares or strong reflections. This ensures that images retain their relations with colors and glasses.

Stained glasses are mainly for conservation purposes. However, they present serious challenges to their users. Conversely, they also represent some of startling works of arts in history and for churches in particular. Thus, they have become embedded parts of the architecture. They are able to withstand extreme weather patterns and live long in their places.

Design Pierre Fakhoury designed the church to reflect that of the Vatican Basilica. However, the church’s dome is slightly lower in comparison to that of St. Peter’s. This church also has a large copper ornament cross on the top. Its height is 158 meters. This church mainly consists of imported marbles and stained glass from Italy and French respectively.

There are numerous columns but of different sizes and purposes i.e. for strength and beauty. There are also private villa and rectory not considered as part of the church. The designer aimed at a congregation of 18,000 people.

Labor force This is the world largest church having surpassed St. Peter’s Basilica of Rome. Thus, labor requirement must have been a challenge. At the time when the French company constructed the church, there were advanced computer technologies to help in the design processes. Therefore, the technical design of such a huge building must have presented significant challenges to both the designers and the architectures.

In Africa, constructors must have exploited cheap and available casual workers who are always seeking for construction opportunities. Thus, the supply of manual laborers was not a main source of concern to the construction of the church.

If it were built today The works of steels are not only the beauty of the modern buildings, but also pointers to a complex and diverse geometrical works by which the constructors imagined the famous designs, which stand out as a masterpiece. Church design would have exploited the use of steel to create spiral staircase.

Steel offers varieties of designs which are also durable. Steel also enables the constructors to customize their looks in terms of height, handrails, diameter, and balusters to meet the design needs of the church. They also blend well with any kind of preferred color coating.

The church designers would have clad steel materials in areas such as walls, canopies, columns windows, lifts, staircases, panels, and church facades using different steel materials and a choice of finishes.

Some church metal cladding applications would have included the satin finish stainless steel, and anodized aluminum panels, which create magnificent walls and windows in most modern churches. Some of the most prominent steel parts of the building are the round wedges and curved panels that join different structures of the building at different angles.

The use of steel influenced some of the structural features that needed stainless steel. The designers would have created some of the striking designs in the church. These features include customized themes of stainless steel staircases, tapered bars, balustrades elements of handrails and stanchions, curves of elevations, and different painted steel frames, which create outstanding period effects.

In roofing, steel materials would have played significant roles in the diagonal tie rods on the upper floors of the church building. The steel rods hold the structures to avoid swaying and make any building comfortable for the visitors because they support the building structurally. Designers use striking steel features on the building façade, mainly in the exterior walls to keep the design intent visible and influence the history and cultural experiences of the society and church.

The steel shapes and other features reflect the designers design intent. They play a significant role in determining the design of the ground-floor lobby, halls, and other interior features. Designers and architectures could have constructed some of the building features from steels including the columns, which now consist of concrete structures. This is not common in most churches. The steels would have covered both the interior and exterior of the church as a deliberate attempt to present the preferred architectural features.

The decision to use steel would have contributed to the architectural intent of the building in a great way. Steel is strong, flexible and durable building material. It has influenced both engineering and architectural designs and intent throughout steel structures. Steel is also recyclable and can withstand extreme environmental conditions. Steel has influenced architectural intent in most buildings aesthetically. It shows beauty, history, and culture.

The use of steel would have exposed shining features of different colors to show elegance and lightness in the church (Hunt 102).The elegance of the coated steel itself usually creates importance in the design. The copper coated columns and walls on the outside and in the lobby are the basic components of the church building and are all significant to the material itself. Thus, steel would have been one of the crucial and integral intent of architectural expressions.

Structural steel is among the most used materials in most landmark buildings. However, most designers choose to bury them in the concrete, walls, columns and building façade and hide their elegance. However, designers of the church building would have decided to expose steel structures in the church and cover them with different coats to enhance the design intent and building aesthetics.

However, the use of steel often presents challenges to engineers. For instance, the church building has a high visibility of round structures and features, which is a problem in achieving such desired designer’s intent.

Thus, managing the architectural intent and designers can present serious challenges in implementation of the design. Steel plays a significant role in achieving the designers’ intent of architectural invention of its kind, a collection of cultural allusions, visual spins, and architectural symbolism of history captured in the stained windows.

The church building shows a high level of scrutiny and consciousness of details in size, proportion, connection, and joinery of different structures, particularly around the corners, corridors, and roofing. These ideas had to meet the intent of different designers, architectures, and other stakeholders. The ability to sculpt steel and create pieces of art in a building cannot yield concrete result with inflexible approaches.

Steel works well alongside other materials such as marbles and stained glasses used in the church for decoration. In addition, it has both the strength and flexibility that is necessary in creating shapes, forms and sizes to fit desired architectural expressions. These are the qualities that make the steel suitable for designing air and light inlets across the walls, which are suitable for a congregation place like a church.

The beauty enhanced by steel presents serious challenges to the design and engineering groups. For instance, the church building would have to conform to the international and national safety and occupancy requirements.

In most cases, steel building must be fireproof, meeting this requirement and maintaining aesthetic beauty is a serious challenge. Thus, painting on the exterior would have met safety requirements and maintain aesthetic beauty.

The steel structure would have developed parts of large and small steel columns, and beams stretching from the building basement and supporting the vertical and horizontal weight, which increases as the building becomes large.

The architectures do not fix the steel structures as they are available with their standard measurements, but rather the architectural and design teams take the reduction in size and manipulate it so that the plate sizes drop off in a controlled and planned manner that helps create the building’s feature of strength, lightness, and beauty.

The oval steel thread is not only the symbol of most church building, but also an indicator to a complex and thorough work of geometrical designs by which the architects create various shapes of their desires in representation of different meanings. The looping effect does not cross and pull the building together. Instead, it enlarges the church building to point the edges of the surrounding environment as the area planning and design intent require.

The design procedures also allowed some elements of arts and history to influence the church in presenting the imagery of the late president in stained glass as woven and joined together. The architectures’ idea of symbolism would have found its place well incorporated in the church building ideology through the use of steel.

Works Cited Elleh, Nnamdi. Architecture and Power in Africa. New York: Praeger, 2002. Print.

Hunt, Anthony. The Engineer’s Contribution to Contemporary Architecture. London: Thomas Telford Ltd, 2000. Print.

Massaquoi, Hans J. “An African’s gift to the Vatican: the world’s largest church – Felix Houphouet-Boigny, Basilica of Our Lady of Peace.” Ebony, 2 (1990): 1-2. Print.

Ostling, Richard and James Wilde. “The Basilica in the Bush.” Times, 1 (1989): 4-5. Print.


An analysis of the poem titled Ballad of Birmingham Essay essay help

Introduction Every poem usually has elements of form that help bring out the message that the author has in mind. These elements help shape out the story and if well presented, they effectively contribute to ease of understanding, on the part of the reader.

This essay seeks to analyze and explain the literary elements present in Dudley Randall’s Ballad of Birmingham, as well as their relevance in making the message of the story clear. The poem tells the story of a young girl who asks for permission from her mother to participate in a march taking place in down town Birmingham (Randall, 1).

This was in a time when anti-racism protests were the order of the day in the region. In a bid to contain the protestors, the authorities at the time used to use any amount of force, to get them to relent, sometimes having to use live ammunition. The mother fearing for the life of her daughter gives a number of reasons to discourage her from joining the march. She (the mother) tells the daughter that physical attacks will be lodged on the protestors, including clubbing and dog bites.

The daughter tries to explain that there will be other children in the march and therefore relatively safe for her to participate. Strongly, the mother says the child cannot go and instead advices her to go to the church and sing in the choir. The daughter heeds and cleans up before going to the church. Later, a bombing occurs at the church and the mother rushes only to find that her daughter was among the victims (Randall, 2).

Literary analysis Rhyme

One of the literary devices that the author has used to make the poem interesting to read is rhyme. Throughout the poem, we can see a peculiar rhyme scheme, which binds the second and fourth lines of each stanza. In the first stanza, the word ‘play’, in the second line, rhymes with ‘today’ in the fourth line.

In the second stanza, we have ‘wild’ and ‘child’, in the third, ‘me’ and ‘free’, in the fourth ‘fire’ and ‘choir’, in the fifth ‘sweet’ and ‘feet’, in the sixth ‘place’ and ‘face’, in the seventh ‘wild’ and ‘child’ and in the last stanza, ‘shoe’ and ‘you’ rhyme together.


The author of the poem also uses a unique point of view to tell the story. Sitting as an omnipresent observer, he makes the reader visualize the occurrences at every instance. For example, as the mother rushes to the church after the explosion, the author offers a description of the situation in a manner that suggests that he was standing right next to the woman, observing her every action.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Character

As far as character and characterization is concerned, the two persons in the poem, the mother and the daughter have been given different personas. The mother presents the image of a caring and protective parent, who does not want to have any harm to befall her daughter.

This is shown by the way in which she tries to deter her from going to place full of danger. The mother knows from experience that the protestors are not treated kindly and she would do everything possible to keep her daughter from getting herself into harm’s way. The daughter on the other hand is presented as naïve. She is yet to experience the dangers of the world and that is why she thinks going out to take part in a march would be exciting.

The daughter is also insistent, and she goes on to push her mother to allow her go out, even after her request has been turned down. She knows that by insisting that her friends will be there, she might get her mother to relent. Unfortunately, for her, the mother stands her ground.


The one literary device that stands out and sums up the entire poem is irony. In the opening stanzas of the poem, the child is the one who offers to help fight for their rights as the mother chooses to stay away. In essence, it is the mother, who has experienced the pain of discrimination, who should be willing to join the march.

Irony also distinctively comes out in the fact that as much as the church would have been the safest place for the daughter to be during the protest, it turns out to be the fateful area where she would meet her death. After the end of the poem, one hopes that the mother should have let the daughter go to the march, instead of the march, because then she would had a much better chance of escaping with her life, even if dogs had been let loose on the group.

Tonal variation

In order for the author to make the reader relate to and feel the impact of the settings being described, a difference in tone is presented depending on the situation. For instance, in the first stanza, one can easily pick out the excitement in the voice of the child as she makes the request to be allowed to join in the march. In the last stanza, a somber tone comes out as the author describes the mother’s searches for her daughter and the final revelation that the daughter perished in the bombing.


In his poem, Randall repeats the line March the streets of Birmingham, in order for the reader to get a clear picture of what was happening in downtown area. This line is used in stanza one and then repeated, for emphasis in the stanza three. Another incidence of repetition is shown in the line No baby, no, you may not go which is used in the second and fourth stanzas.

We will write a custom Essay on An analysis of the poem titled Ballad of Birmingham specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this situation, the author is trying to give emphasis to the mother’s view, regarding the participation of her daughter in the march. This line is supported by the subsequent reasons that the mother offers to deter the daughter from taking part in the protests.

Conclusion This essay had set out to explain the usage of literary techniques in a poem. An analysis poem Ballad of Birmingham by Dudley Randall was used to exemplify the usage of literary elements in conveying a message. The discussion came to a conclusion that proper usage of narrative strategies, helped the author bring out the theme he had in mind, in a manner that is easily picked by any reader.

By lifting particular examples from the poem, an all-encompassing analysis was presented. It is easy to come to the conclusion that this poem was very well written especially because the author cleverly used literary devices to make his story even stronger.

Works Cited Randall, Dudley. Ballad of Birmingham: On the Bombing of a Church in Birmingham. USA: Broadside Press, 1965. Print.


Marketing and HR Order ID. Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Customer service is very important in any business as it determines the success of the business. It refers to the various services and support provided to the customers before they make a purchase decision, while they are buying products and after the purchase has been made (Zemke, 2006).

However, customer service recognizes that the two types of customers can be grouped into internal customers and external customers. Internal customers include the employees within the organization who can also buy the products while external customers are the outsiders who buy from the organization.

In starting up a new coffee shop that is Wi-Fi accessible, it enables managers to transfer data from one location to the other branches. Given that there are 3 locations within a 50-mile radius, it may be difficult for the managers to travel from one point to the other in order to perform their activities. To do this effectively, the management model to be adopted for the coffee shop is the participative approach to decision making. The customers should be treated well in order for them to continue buying coffee from the shop.

A participative management approach refers to the process of management that involves the employees to participate in the decision making process of the organization. It is the best approach to be used in this situation because customer service is more important to the business.

The employees do not need to be left behind in the decisions made, because they are the ones who serve the customers and therefore can greatly contribute ideas in the decision making process. For example, they know the tastes and preferences of customers, the customer needs and some of the complaints made by customers on the products and services provided. The management may not have any idea on such crucial matters.

The way employees are being treated will be reflected in the way they also serve the customers. The participative approach allows the employees to accept all decisions made by the management as they were involved in the making of the decisions. It is very rare to find any kind of resistance on decisions made. This enables them to be motivated in serving the customers (Maslow, 1954).

Once the employees feel that they are valued as they participate in the decision making process, they also work hard to maintain their jobs and serve the customers in a good way. Empowerment enables the employees to make some necessary decisions by themselves in the various problems that customers may be facing. For example, a customer may request for a small discount and the employee can decide to offer the discount.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Given the various locations of the business, the management can allow the employees from the various locations to always communicate through the Wi-Fi before making any important decisions (Hamel, 2009). Once the management acknowledges their suggestions, it can use the Wi-Fi to inform them on what to do next.

Every store requires about 10 employees. This may be very costly for the coffee shop if managers for every store were to be employed. Inputs and feedbacks can be provided over the Wi-Fi on any requirements for additions in the store as long as the Wi-Fi is accessible to all locations. The information exchanged can then be used to make decisions which should be communicated to the employees.

However, the participative approach may not encourage some employees who may feel that their views have not been considered. For the coffee shop, a participative approach can reduce the controlling costs and also ensure excellent customers service, which is the main objective of the new business.

References Hamel, G. (2009).The future of management. Washington, DC: Harvard University Press.

Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper.

Zemke, R. (2006). Best practices in customer service. New York, NY: Pearson.


Strategies of Workplace Diversity Management Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Workplace diversity is a critical provision in numerous organizations. Notably, bountiful firms have implemented varying strategies to efficiently tackle the challenges and prospects of this phenomenon. While referring to the best practices (used by Emirates Airlines as the case company), numerous strategies emerge. The first strategy is to recognize and appreciate all forms of distinctiveness within the workforce (Morgan


Changing a Company’s Organizational Structure Essay cheap essay help

Changing the organizational structure of a company is an essential move with regard to global expansion. The challenges that the organization faces in a bid to accomplish this can be overcome by addressing each challenge individually. To start with, the morale of the employees who are eagerly waiting to be promoted should not be killed.

This could be achieved by the company leaders developing a team that will come up with the members to be promoted. The managerial duties could be assigned according to the members’ managerial experiences and level of education. This could be followed by calling the staff members for a meeting, and explaining them the policies to be executed, as well as asking for their opinions and feedback on those policies.

According to Maslow (1998), motivation is governed by five essential needs, one of them is self esteem. Promotion encourages self esteem and, as a whole, increases the productivity of the workers in a company. This is because the staff members work better, as they feel valued and useful in the company.

Since the existing budget does not allow everyone to be promoted, other methods to prevent the workers feeling left out should be embarked on. The workers could, for example, be assigned some more duties and responsibilities without an increase in their pay.

This will give them a sense of belonging to the company, and help not kill their morale. Some employees could also be in a state whereby, their performance does not qualify them for a promotion. The employees could be taken through training and coaching to equip them with the relevant skills.

The company can also hire managers that have managerial skills, though groomed in other companies. This will help in the expansion and growth of the company, since the managers incorporated are likely to bring about new ideas learnt from previous companies or places of work.

In identifying the high performers in the company, there are some characteristics that the company leaders must look out for. One is the history of delivering quality results. This entails the consistency of performance which is a valid indicator of the employee’s ability to drive the company to success.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The next one is the ability to influence others; the individual should have the ability to relate and form partnerships with others. Since the company wants to globalize, demonstrating the ability to clearly communicate with internal and external groups is a skill that high performers should always possess. Identifying high performers is essential for the company, as these individuals are the backbone of the company, capable of driving results and building the future of the organization (Maslow, 1998).

In the process of effecting change and introducing the new organizational structure, unnecessary chaos may be created. To avoid this, Kurt Lewin in the 1940s developed a change management model which involves three stages; Unfreeze, change, and refreeze. The unfreeze stage involves creating motivation to change; Change involves promoting effective communication and empowering people to change while refreeze is all about returning the organization to a sense of stability (Lewin,2005).

Evaluation of leadership dynamic skills is also important, since the leaders determine the company’s course of direction. Being an instructional leader means leading others, and working with them (Chell, 1999). Therefore, the managers chosen should possess high interpersonal skills. A management team should also be developed in a way that team managers come together to make decisions collectively.

References Chell, J. (1999).Introducing Principals to the Role of Instruction Leadership: A summary of a master’s project. NY: SSTA Research Centre.

Lewin, K. (2005). Change management and group dynamics: An article from Thinkers. London: Chartered Management Institute.

Maslow, H. (1998). Maslow on Management. New York: John Wiley


Child and Adolescent Development: Love, Hate, and Reparation Essay (Critical Writing) writing essay help: writing essay help

The introduction General knowledge

When speaking about such issues as love, hate and reparation, one is to keep in mind that such emotional responses seem to be the most common ones. It should be pointed out that these emotional manifestations are born in mind and, thus, influence people’s behavior.

However, the most important fact, which should be highlighted, is that the above-mentioned emotional responses are comprehended by people in different ways. In other words, one is to understand that individual perceptions of various feelings determine the way people conduct themselves in relation to others.

The body Love, hate and reparation: the fundamentals

Of course, it is obvious that love seems to be a good feeling or an emotional response. Feelings of love can be associated with security and safety, (when a person is in love with smb., he or she feels safe and calm), i.e. there are no exogenous irritants, which can cause negative feelings.

On the other hand, it is also necessary to keep in mind that, sometimes, a strong feeling of responsibility is also caused by love. For instance, when speaking about the child and the adult, it becomes evident that the adult wants to protect the child from numerous destructive issues.

However, the most interesting fact is that love and hate are controlled by unconscious centers of our mind. For this reason, one can suppose that such emotional responses seem to be mostly intrinsic. Still, when speaking about the child, it is necessary to point out that the baby’s response (love) is spontaneous, and it is recognized to be the so-called feedback.

On the other hand, making reparation is also an important element of love, which is to be analyzed. Thus, there is a need to point out that the feeling of guilty, which occurs when a person injures somebody, impacts on our desire to be forgiven. Even when a person feels good, there is the so-called unconscious feeling of guilty, which makes us feel uncertain.

Another interesting aspect, which should be analyzed, is associated with infancy. Infantile thinking, however, seems to be appropriate kind of thinking not only for children, but also for adults. In other words, one can make a conclusion that there are some cases, when childish thoughts appear in mind of the adults. “It must be

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More recognized, therefore, that in a certain sense psychoanalysts do attribute infantile thinking to grownups, while, at the same time, distinguishing between the adult and the infantile personality and mode of thought” (Klein


Cause and effect analysis of tourism Cause and Effect Essay college essay help near me

Introduction Tourism can be defined as the travel for leisure, recreation or business reasons (Singh 13). Tourism has risen to become one of the most preferred leisure activities globally, for instance, in the year 2010 there were more than 900 million tourists travelling to different destinations across the globe.

Tourism has been growing steadily due to globalization and improvement in technology. Rapid technological development in transport has facilitated the transport of large numbers of people to faraway places of their choice in a short time (Singh 20).

Activities related to tourism provide a major source of revenue for several countries that offer unique tourist attractions. There are other ways in which tourism related activities impact the society. This paper seeks to conduct a cause and effect analysis of tourism. In particular, the paper will discuss why and how people engage in tourism, and the various positive and negative impacts of tourism.

Reasons for engaging in tourism activities Many people touring different regions of the world or their own country often do it for pleasure. Change of scenery is a more preferred way of breaking from the monotonous lifestyles that people live.

Most individuals prefer to travel to other areas where they can experience unique environments in terms of beautiful beaches, unique animals and culture. Countries that are endowed with tourist attractions have developed infrastructure and other support arrangements in order to attract more tourists. Therefore more tourists will often visit countries or regions that offer the best attractions.

Many people also travel to explore the economic opportunities offered by different countries or regions. Such tourists are referred to as economic tourists though they may also explore tourist attractions in the areas they are visiting. Others travel to escape the harsh weather conditions in their home countries, for instance, those who travel to escape winter conditions mostly in the northern hemisphere countries.

Effects of tourism The effects of tourism are many and varied. This includes effects on culture, economy of the host country, and the environmental impact. Tourism effects can be categorized into positive and negative effects, and also primary and secondary effects. This categorization is based on the nature of the effect and the stage at which the effect is felt.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Economic effects

The economic effect of tourism can be categorized as primary as it directly impacts the economic status of the local and regional area being toured. The local population benefits from the profit brought in by visiting tourists.

However, the local community also spends a lot in the development and maintenance of tourism industry (Singh 5). A disadvantage to the local populace is that tourism encourages encroachment by moneyed multinational corporations that provide services to affluent tourists, effectively taking most of the revenues away.

Effects on the environment

Tourism related activities impact heavily on the environment. The impacts of tourism on the environments and ecosystems can be categorized as positive and negative.

The negative environmental impacts are more common in coastal tourism as compared to other forms of tourism. Primary effects such as destruction of plant cover result from the development of infrastructure for sustenance of coastal tourism.

The destruction of marine flora disrupts ecosystems as the trees provide habitats for diverse species of birds. Habitat destruction greatly hampers the efforts to prudently use natural resources and preserve natural environments. Major challenges are also encountered in the disposal of solid waste and sewage that result from tourism related activities. This is more commonly observed in areas where the growth of coastal tourism is rapid and uncontrolled (Singh 78).

It’s important to note that people traveling to new areas for holidays usually carry disposable items which are later throw away as waste. These solid wastes often find their way into oceans and other water bodies where they form a major source of pollution. Other negative environmental effects of coastal tourism include the loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, declining fish catches, siltation and depletion of ground water (Singh 79).

The impacts of tourism o wildlife are both positive and negative. The most positive impact of tourism on wildlife is that it encourages the conservation of natural habitats by host countries. The negative effects are many and are directly related to actual touring in the animal parks. Wildlife viewing usually puts a lot of pressure and stress on wild animals.

We will write a custom Essay on Cause and effect analysis of tourism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Studies indicate that some animals change their behavioral patterns due to the noise and commotion created by tourists (Singh 79). Tourism also encourages the building of roads, lodges and resorts in the parks. These facilities are not eco-friendly and usually result into landscape aesthetic degradation besides destroying habitats.

Global tourism is also cited to be a major cause of air pollution as it accounts for more than 50% traffic movements (Singh 80). The vast number of traffic movements results in the release of green house gases which in turn contribute to global warming.

Social effects

Tourism facilitates the meeting of people with diverse cultures and values. When tourists flock to a certain destination in large numbers they mingle with the local communities resulting into cultural fusion. Tourists may come with some cultural practices that might be perceived to be obscene by the locals and thus result into a cultural conflict. Tourism encourages the growth of social vices such as prostitution and drug abuse among the local communities.

Tourism Conclusions and recommendations

This paper sought to conduct a cause and effect analysis on tourism. The paper has discussed why and how people engage in tourism, and the various positive and negative impacts of tourism on the environment and society.

Among the positive effects is that tourism encourages conservation of wildlife and positively impacts the economy of the local area. However, the negative effects are many and they range from destruction of habitats to pollution of water bodies. These environmentally unsound practices pose the most serious threat from tourism to the maintenance of natural habitats (Singh 156).

It’s important that tourism recognizes the importance of maintaining the environment for future generations. Therefore the building of facilities or infrastructure should be done in a manner that it does not result into major disruption to the natural environments. The solid waste that results due to tourism related activities should be disposed off in a manner that would not cause damage to the environment.

Works Cited Singh, Lakhwinder. Issues in Tourism Industry: Fundamentals of Tourism and Travel, New Delhi: Isha books, 2008. Print.


Teaching Philosophy in early childhood Essay essay help

In this paper I plan to provide a context of assessing the significance of teaching factor in pre-school learning. I realize that young children have disposition to develop in a wide array of areas. But it is unfortunate that teachers may not be able to set them up to successfully develop their potential.

In this connection I wish to stress that for me teaching philosophy my teaching techniques, communication skills and motivational skill are very crucial in teaching and learning of the pre-school children. With the above variables I believe there is need to incorporate the use of technology in instructions to be able to bring out the best out of the pre-school children.

To be able to make classes interesting for children and to capture their attention during lessons, I will employ instructional techniques. Some of these techniques include the use of discovery learning, use of inquiries, incorporating dramatic play in some lessons, incorporating music and moving activities during lessons among others.

I will always carry out an extensive research to make sure that they are educationally sound and that they correspond to the multiple dimensions of learning. This will make learners have the voice I desire as well as making them able to use it in a respectful manner.

It is not an easy task to bring out success in a child if as a teacher I do not like my work. This therefore demands that I should make my careers interesting by experimenting and exploring how technology can fit in instructional approach in supporting learning.

Previous researches indicate that very young children are capable of excess of cognitive, emotional, social and physical activities. Therefore must be able to expose children to all the modalities of learning so that they can discover what they are good at and where their interests fall. However I strongly believe that children should be exposed to areas they like most as well as those they find very challenging.

While dealing with children, I have come to appreciate the fact that to be able to direct them to attain desired goals, I must first of all be aware of their proximal development and how it relates to their zone of advanced development.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With this knowledge, I will be capable of directing the child’s efforts to assess his or her current understanding and the potential for extended learning. I will also be able to make quality and informed decisions about the children. This will me to pair them for projects and play according to their areas of interest and be sure to have realistic expectation for every child.

As a teacher I strongly believe that there is need to have a teaching philosophy. This will provide me with the necessary knowledge to provide the children with desired activities that incorporate innovations that children can relate with. With this knowledge I will also be in a position of helping children understand the relevance between the activities and the world’s reality.

These experiences by pre-school child should challenge him or her to think independently in solving problems, making decision and thinking critically. This ultimately makes students to have a sense of pride in themselves and their community. There is no doubt that my role in the growth and development of a pre-school child is paramount. I am entitled to prepare and organize the child’s environment to allow the child to actively engage and relate with each other.


Literature Review on the Factors Affecting Foreign Policy Formulation Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Introduction Literature review pertains to cross-examining what other scholars have done in the field of study. This is based on the idea that knowledge is cumulative. Revisiting other people’s ideas and thoughts help in formulating both theoretical and conceptual frameworks. In this study, the researcher employs some theories, which are part of theoretical literature. Conceptual literature are usually revisited by scrutinizing what other researchers have concluded in their studies.

Literature review is important because it offers a foundation to any study. Generally, literature review is related to determining how much is known. It is important because it keeps away unnecessary duplication of data and gives more knowledge to the researcher. The researcher can only avoid mistakes committed by other researchers if he/she reviews literature. Therefore, review of literature helps a researcher to formulate a study that stands the taste of time

The national interests usually guide foreign policies of many states. It is established that the current international system exists according to the Hobbestian state of nature, where life is anarchic, short-lived and brutal. States usually play a zero-sum game where the main agenda is to gain from a particular relationship.

A state would therefore formulate a foreign policy with an intention of fulfilling its national interests. It is also established that the existence of states in the international system is affected by systemic variables, such as polarity and the development of international law. In this study, the researcher would revisit what other researchers have done and determine research questions and hypotheses as regards to the relationship between foreign policies and various variables in the international system.

Research Questions Does governmental politics affect foreign policy making given that political parties and pressure groups have a stake in the formulation process.

Does regime type matter in foreign policy formulation? Does the behavior of leaders affect the quality of decisions made at the international level?

Does military spending affect the GDP of a state? Is it factual that military spending drains resource that would be channeled to economic development?

Does the public approve military spending that intends to achieve greatness for the state but does not fulfill national interests?

Did the two major world ideologies affect the military industry after 1945?

How do other variables such as the geography affect the military ideology in a particular state? In Israel for instance, the government spends many resources protecting the borders. This is due to the size of the state and the geographical position. Israel is situated in the region that is prone to aggression. Gambia, which is a small state just like Israel, does not have a military force.

What could be the role of democracy in military proliferation? According to the liberalist scholars, democracies do not go to war with each other. How comes major democratic states such as Britain, France and Russia produces weapons of mass destruction.

Why do the political parties support increased military spending yet the Cold War is no more?

Do party ideology and manifesto affect the quality of decision making in any state?

Hypothesis The research set out to answer the above raised questions in simple straightforward statements. The researcher developed the hypotheses below. This research sets to confirm the following hypotheses.

H1. Governmental level variables such as democracy, public opinion, political parties and the type of government affect the foreign policy making process and ideology.

H0. There is no relationship between governmental level variables and the nature and quality of foreign policy decisions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More H2. Systemic variables such as polarity, anarchy, international law, level of integration and supranational organizations affect the foreign policy formulation strategies in any state.

H0. There is no correlation between the variables existing at the global level and the ideological perspectives of states.

Literature Review Media, Public Opinion and Foreign Policy: Stuart Soroka

Various scholars have conducted both quantitative and qualitative studies regarding the relationship between the media and foreign policies in the United Kingdom. Early researches suggested that there was no substantial relationship between foreign policy and the media. However, current studies prove that the media and foreign policy are closely related variables. Before the development of the mass media, public opinion was impulsive and rambling.

Currently, the public opinion is constant, sagaciously structured and coherent, mainly because of the mass media. Scholars of foreign policy studies have a clear understanding of the nature of public opinion but they do not have enough data as regards to the sources of public opinion. Soroka scrutinizes the role of partisanship, the role of ideology and demographics in foreign policy making process. According to the scholar, the above variables affect foreign policies of states in varied magnitudes.

However, the variables do not explain the variations. Specifically, the scholar singles out the content of the mass media to be responsible for variations in foreign policy making. The mass media plays a critical role since it is the link between the sources of public opinion and the foreign policy makers in any state.

The policy makers scrutinize the views of the public by reading the reports in the mass media while the public receives the opinions of the policy makers through the same media. In other words, it is only through the mass media that the public can be informed about the foreign policy decisions. Therefore, it is important to study the nature and the relationship between the two variables, especially when the public responds to the actions of foreign policy makers.

In democratic states, such as Italy, France and Britain, the role of the public is well captured as regards to foreign policy making. In France for example, the government was held hostage by the French farmers since farmers did not want to join the common European agricultural society. French farmers suspected that they would lose out to other farmers in the region. Britain, the government could not join the Euro because British investors could lose out to their French and German counterparts.

We will write a custom Essay on Literature Review on the Factors Affecting Foreign Policy Formulation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is the same case with the military ideology. The Japanese public voted for the resolution that aimed at restricting the government from engaging in military proliferation. The Japanese public had suffered a lot due to the government’s engagement in military aggression.

Media Content and Issue Salience: Bernard Cohen (1963)

Cohen formulated a paper referred to as The Press and Foreign Policy. The paper is very important in understanding the foreign policymaking.

The scholar observed that it could not be possible for the media to instruct people to think but the media is successful in offering people ideas related to foreign policies. From Cohen’s analysis, it is eminent that the media influences people to think about a certain course of action. In other words, it sets the agenda for the public. For instance, the media may carry out a study by asking people to give their views about the pressing issues.

Again, the media has various freedoms in developed countries as compared to the third world where the media is always restricted from commenting on the foreign issues. Foreign policies involving the military are considered high politics hence the media is not allowed to discuss the behavior of the state.

Military Spending and Public Opinion

Major political parties usually support increased military budgets. Conservative political parties are perceived to be advocators of increased military spending while liberal and moderate parties tend to oppose such moves. During the C old War, the states had to rearm themselves due to the nature of the international system.

Tensions, struggles and varying ideological perspectives characterized the system. It was therefore the role of the political parties to determine how the military could be structured (Fordham, 2003). Approving military spending was viewed to be the only solution in repositioning the state in the international system. It can be deduced that political ideologies and manifestos affect the foreign policy making processes.

Socialist and liberal parties are always against military spending while conservative parties tend to support military proliferation (Abell, 1994). Socialist parties fear that the state can use weapons of mass destruction to terrorize innocent people while the fear of liberals is related to economics (Cothren, 2002).

Systemic Variables such as Polarity: Sumit Ganguly

Polarity means the distribution of power in the international system. It usually affects the behavior of states in many ways. For instance, the superpower may demand that a certain policy be followed by other states in the international system. The superpower does not force other states to pursue its policies but it uses other variables to instill compliance (Brown, Dell,


Cause and effect analysis of camping Cause and Effect Essay college essay help

Introduction Camping can be described as an outdoor recreational activity where by people, often referred to as campers leave their homes and spent time in a natural environment (Cole 10).

Campers around the world usually establish a campsite using tents, caravans, mobile homes or cabins where they stay for several nights before returning to their homes (Cole 10). Camping is less expensive compared to other recreational activities has increased in popularity during the last century. Camping provides people with the opportunity to break from their monotonous city lives and experience the natural environment.

There are several other reasons why people indulge in camping activities. Camping also impacts the society and the environment in a variety of ways that can be described as positive or negative. This paper seeks to conduct a cause and effect analysis of camping. Specifically, the paper will discuss why and how people engage in various camping activities. The paper will also identify the positive and negative impacts of camping.

Reasons for engaging in tourism activities

As identified in the introductory part, there are various reasons why people indulge in camping activities. Most people go for camping to enjoy the outdoors and the scenic beauty provided by natural environments (Cole 11). Many people lead very stressful fast lives in big cities and always yearn for an opportunity to escape these routines of their ordinary lives.

Camping provides a perfect answer for people who need to relax their minds, strengthen their bodies and reinstate their spirits. Camping has been incorporated in many youth programs around the globe such as the scouting movement and is important in the teaching of teamwork and self reliance skills (Cole 13).

The choice for camping as a recreational activity has been reinforced by the increase in leisure time by different people. Statistics indicate that about one quarter of the United States population engages in camping and hiking as a recreational activity. Camping is also favored due to its cost effective nature, and is sometimes used as a cost effective form of accommodation for people attending big open air events such as religious festivals and sports events (Cole 13).

Effects of camping

Camping primarily affects the local environment and the economic status of the parties who own and control the camping sites. There might be some effects on the society that comes as a result of mingling between the campers and members of the local community. Effects of camping can be categorized into positive and negative effects and also primary and secondary depending on the nature of the effect and the stage at which it occurs.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Effects on the environment

Camping can have both positive and negative effects on the environment and ecosystems. Primary positive effect of camping is that it provides an incentive for conservation of natural environments and ecosystems. Many governments and private companies conserve their parks to attract more campers and tourists. Thus the conservation reinforced by the fact that some revenue will be generated from the parks or campgrounds.

The negative environmental effects of camping are many and varied. The most obvious is the littering that results from the disposable items carried by campers. The solid wastes are a significant source of aesthetic degradation and they may also find their way into water bodies and cause pollution.

Camping activities such as lighting bonfires, launching of fireworks and cheering cause a lot of stress to animals and other organisms within the eco system. The noise and commotion created often results into a significant change in the behavioral patterns of animals (Cole 17).

Camping also negatively impacts the soil and vegetation on the travel routes, picnic sites, campsites and viewpoints (Cole 23). Trampling caused by campers usually results into abrasion of vegetation, compaction of soil and abrasion of organic soil horizons (Cole 23).

Plants are often damaged by trampling resulting into reduced plant height, stem width and the number of plants with flowering capabilities. The changes significantly affect the reproductive capacity of the plants. Trampling causes soil compaction resulting in reduced porosity (Cole 24).

The in turn reduces the capacity of the soil to hold water. Compacted soil has less water infiltration rates and this leads to increased chances of runoff and soil erosion (Cole 24). The loss of organic litter has a direct impact on the plant and animal populations as it destroys microbial habitats and plant germination substrates (Cole 25).

Economic effects

Camping sites are usually established in parks owned by the government or private companies. Campers are required to pay some fee in order to access these parks. Some campgrounds have high visitation levels and have been properly designed into reliable business ventures.

We will write a custom Essay on Cause and effect analysis of camping specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Members of the local community benefit from the camping activities as they are employed as guides or have a stake in the parks that are used as camping sites. Areas that are frequently visited by campers have other facilities such as supermarkets to provide essential needs. Therefore, camping, in one way or another impacts the economic status of the local community (Cole 37).

Social effects

Camping activities provide limited opportunities for cross cultural interaction due to the fact that camping sites are often in secluded areas that are usually far from human settlements. However, favorite camping destinations offer unique environments that give memorable camping experiences.

Such camping sites are frequented by campers to an extent that there is a significant level of interaction with the local community. The interaction with members of the local community provides campers with the opportunity to explore different cultures and draw comparisons with their own. Camping also strengthens the bonds of friends, family or any other group of people who often go camping together.

Conclusions and recommendations This paper sought to conduct a cause effect analysis on camping. The paper has described the reasons why people engage in camping, it has also described the various positive and negative effects of camping. It has been established that people basically go for camping as a recreational activity.

The positive effects of camping are that it refreshes people, encourages conservation, and provide a source of income for people. The negative effects mainly touch on the environment, especially in regard to pollution, vegetation destruction and soil compaction. It’s imperative that camping activities take into account the importance of environmental conservation.

Therefore solid waste that results from camping should be appropriately disposed off to minimize the harm on the environment. Activities such as fireworks, singing or cheering should also be done away with or minimized as they cause stress to animals. The use of parks for camping activities should be spatial distributed to minimize the harm on vegetation and soil (Cole 27).

Works Cited Cole, David. Ecotourism . Utah: Department of Agriculture, 2003.Print


Adam Czerniakow Essay online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Usefulness of the diary as a primary source




Introduction Scholars may only rely on Adam Czerniakow’s Warsaw diary if they combine findings from the source with other materials on Nazi Germany. The diary is a vital source of information, but it brings with it the biases, fears and the limitations of the author. To overcome those biases, scholars must use information from other sources in order fill in missing details as well as to extract meaning from the tests.

Usefulness of the diary as a primary source Adam Czerniakow was a renowned Jewish leader. He held many positions in his professional as well as his civic life. This means that everything he wrote was in a way related to his leadership responsibilities. A scholar who is interested in learning about the Nazi regime would find his entries quite useful because they were written from a communal, not a personal perspective. Since he was at the centre of the Jewish Council of elders in the ghettos, he was in touch with new developments in his community.

One should note that the Nazi regime ousted Jews from their homes and placed them in ghettos. In order to speed up the execution of their commands, they appointed a council of elders, of which Czerniakow was a part. Many analysts assert that the Nazi government absolved themselves from blame by pointing fingers at the Judenrat (Jewish council).

However, that this was mere propaganda: Czerniakow and other members of the Judenrat were committed to the freedom and rights of their people. Other opposing groups such as the Thirteen arose in Czerniakow’s jurisdiction. And as he states in his 25th February entry, he despised this group’s leader (Abraham Gancwajch). [1]

Perhaps this is one of the influences that scholars ought to think about when using Czerniakow’s diary as a primary source. Given the fact that the ghetto was disunited, it is likely that Czerniakow wanted to paint his opponents in a negative light in these entries. Another way one may look at his biases is with regard to his associations with the Nazi officials.

Since he was the president of the Jewish Council, his position was like that of major. As such, he had to interact with the Nazis more than others. Adam was in a very difficult position; as a president of the Jewish Council he could not oppose or fight against the Nazi regime directly.

On the other hand, as a community head, he needed to demonstrate strong political leadership, which could entail direct confrontations with the Nazis. These divided tensions may have caused him to refrain from talking about Nazi deficiencies. One can thus understand why his diary contains very little information about the wickedness of that empire.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The government Commissioner in the ghetto needed to act cordially towards Czerniakow since he was quite powerful in the Jewish community. He may have feared the reactions of such a man if he knew all their secrets. In one instance, the Ghetto commissioner went to discuss critical matters at the Nazi headquarters.

He did not inform Adam about this development, and it was only later when they announced that they would execute massive resettlements on 19th January 1942.[2] The Nazis deliberately hid information from Adam thus making his entries incomplete. It is imperative to support his assertions with diaries or letters from other unofficial Jews because they probably saw things from a different light.

Adam’s limited knowledge is quite evident when one reads the entry he made on 20th July 1942. At the time, he heard rumors that some deportation would take place on that day. Czerniakow stayed in denial about this for a whole day. One can thus deduce that Czerniakow’s had limited knowledge.

If one wants to find out about the organization of the execution orders or their initiation, then one should consider getting primary sources from the other side. Jewish recordings of the Holocaust were limited to their personal experiences. The government controlled and manipulated media sources such that the Jews and non Jews could only hear what the government wanted them to hear. Consequently, one cannot solely rely on their perspective for information about the organization of their execution.

Fears of the Nazis’ reaction to the diary may also have altered Czerniakow’s entries tremendously. He knew that the ruthless leaders could confiscate his diary and use it against him. If he wrote anti-Nazi remarks about them, or talked about a plan for rescuing his people, then the government officials would have killed him. What’s worse, the entries might have endangered his family’s life. This was the reason why he could not get too graphic about the many evils committed by the Third Reich.

The use of a diary as a primary source for historical analyses always creates a number of problems to the academician, and this is true for Czerniakow’s diary. First, one must tackle the problem of meaning-making. Statements are rarely straightforward; scholars should decide on what the author was trying to say especially in relation to the topic under analysis.[3]

For example, when Adam wrote that it was raining on 11th June 1941, he adds that the rain did not come at any cost to them. A scholar may interpret this statement in a series of ways; one may assume that the Jews were quite used to the rain, so none of them stopped their usual activities because of it. Alternatively, one may presume that the rains destroyed people’s property in other towns, but when it poured in the Jewish community no such flooding took place.

We will write a custom Essay on Adam Czerniakow specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One the other hand, one may deduce that the ghetto was highly underfunded, so the Jews had nothing to loose in the rain; they did not have much property or things to protect. Consequently, this may have left their economic fortunes unaltered. For one to make the latter deduction, one must have the ability to connect the word ‘cost’, as stated in the entry, to the economic status of the ghetto.

One must look for additional information to better understand some of the statements in the diary, yet this information may not be available. If one does not know the context of the text, then one cannot use the diary accurately. For instance Adam mentioned several names of persons in the Council, the opposing camp as well as the Nazi regime. Unless one knew the names of all these persons, then one would not understand the significance of his entries.

Conclusion The Czerniakow diary is a useful piece of information for studying Nazi Germany, but on its own, it is not sufficient. First, the author’s position as a community leader affected his ability to access information from the officials. He also had an agenda of playing down his opponents’ challenges.

Additionally, the author had limited knowledge owing to Nazi communication controls. The writer’s fears concerning the confiscation of his diary may have changed his entries. Lastly, one can interpret his statements in multiple ways, and thus overlook certain things. It is only by combining the diary with other primary sources that one can get a full grasp of the Holocaust.

Bibliography Dobson, Miriam, and Benjamin Ziemann. Reading primary sources: The interpretation of tests from nineteenth and 20th Century History. NY: Taylor and Francis, 2009.

“The Warsaw diary of Adam Czerniakow.” Last modified 2007. Web.

Footnotes “The Warsaw diary of Adam Czerniakow.”, last modified 2007.

“The Warsaw diary of Adam Czerniakow.”, last modified 2007.

Miriam Dobson and Benjamin Ziemann, Reading primary sources: The interpretation of tests from nineteenth and 20th Century History (NY: Taylor and Francis, 2009), 182.


When the Truth Comes into the Open: Claudius’s Revelation Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction: Beware the Treacherous Truth

The Confession of the Villain: When It Comes into the Open

Scene 2 as the Preparation for the Grand Finale

Scene 4: Shifting the Emphasis from One Character to Another

Conclusion: Shedding Some Light on Claudius’s Secret

Works Cited

Introduction: Beware the Treacherous Truth Shakespeare’s hamlet is one of those plays that never age and reveal new facets and ideas every time a reader revisits them. The plot about treacherous Claudius, the prince in disdain and the shadow of doom hanging over each character is a well-known issue that has been discussed hundreds of times.

However, along with the key conflict and the tragedy of the lead character, there is a storyline just as important and impressive, yet rather overlooked, namely, the conflict within Claudius, the main antagonist. Being torn apart by the burden of his murder, Claudius conceals the remnants of the humane within, yet at certain moment, the truth finally comes into the light.

The Confession of the Villain: When It Comes into the Open However, it is the king’s monologue that reveals the readers the evil plans plotted by Claudius and the scale of the harm that he caused to Hamlet and the entire family. Addressing the power of the Lord and admitting that he was to blame for his own brother’s murder, the king finally conceives how despicable he is and how loathsome it was of him to betray his brother:

O, my offence is rank, it smells to heaven; It hath the primal eldest curse upon’t,

A brother’s murder. Pray can I not, Though inclination be as sharp as will (Shakespeare 36-39).

As the monologue continues, it becomes obvious that Claudius is more than remorseful – he is terrified by the crime that he committed, and he desperately wants to take this burden of guilt off his shoulders:

O wretched state! O bosom black as death! O limed soul, that, struggling to be free, Art more engaged! Help, angels! Make assay! Bow, stubborn knees; and, heart with strings of steel, Be soft as sinews of the newborn babe! All may be well. (Shakespeare 67-72)

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, Claudius does not become a positive character; he is unwilling to change. Embracing all his sins, he is still understands that a moment of weakness is not enough to be granted a pardon from his hideous crime:

My words fly up, my thoughts remain below: Words without thoughts never to heaven go. (Shakespeare 97-98)

The third scene of the third act is practically the only place in the entire play where Claudius considers certain moral issues, which already makes the monologue in the third act stand out; moreover, the third scene of the third act is the only part in which Claudius displays weakness. Breaking the wall in his shield of complete inhumanity and no moral obligations whatsoever, this outburst of emotions shows clearly that Claudius not only feels guilty, but is ready to atone for his sins.

Scene 2 as the Preparation for the Grand Finale However, the second scene in the third act can be confused with the moment of Claudius’s revelation. A rather erroneous opinion, it can be refuted easily once tracing what Claudius says and the way he acts.

It is worth mentioning that, during the play that Hamlet sets for Claudius, the latter does act quite suspiciously. Claudius wants to leave the room as fast as he can and forget about the impression the play has left on him: “Give me some light: away!,” but he still does not do or say anything that could be deciphered as an attempt to admit his guilt – on the contrary, he wants to hide so that no one could read his petrified mind.

Scene 4: Shifting the Emphasis from One Character to Another According to a widespread misconception, the fourth scene also contains an element of Claudius’s revelation and is shot through with the same air of guilt. Nevertheless, it is evident that the fourth scene is rather an aftertaste that the third scene with Claudius’s soliloquy leaves.

However, the fact that the fourth scene does not involve Claudius’s confession is doubtless, since the scene does not focus on Claudius at all – it is Hamlet who is in the center of the readers’ attention. Barely appearing in the scene, he walks back into the shadow, while Hamlet stands in the limelight instead. Thus, the fourth scene of the third act offers a focus on Hamlet, leaving Claudius alone with his fears and remorse.

We will write a custom Essay on When the Truth Comes into the Open: Claudius’s Revelation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion: Shedding Some Light on Claudius’s Secret Doubtlessly an example of a classic villain, Claudius seems to be the character that has been the least tormented by the demons within throughout the play. However, it is the third act that shows the audience the depth of his tortures and proves that he is a human being after all.

And, as Claudius turns completely shattered by the hand of doom that Hamlet laid upon him, it becomes evident that the Shakespearean world of villains is far from being flat – Claudius proves quite a complex character. Showing his strength and at the same time revealing his weaknesses, this short extract offers a unique opportunity at watching the real Claudius, the remorseful murderer.

Works Cited Shakespeare, William. “Hamlet. Act Three, Scene Three.” Shakespeare Navigators, n.d. Web. .


Human Resource Management Group Project Case Study college essay help near me

Analysis Many people have criticized the move by the government to treat agency workers as permanent employees. New rules that came into force recently said that agency workers in Britain needed additional rights, as well as benefits. Majumder (2012) argues that this will lead to additional costs that could amount to two billion pounds.

He further adds that the government should not spend that immense amount of money on agency workers, especially at a time when civil servants’ salaries have been frozen. He says that the government spends money unnecessarily when it should concentrate on development projects.

Armstrong (2006) says that Britain’s public sector is currently experiencing redundancy when it comes to large scale. Economically, such spending cannot be said to be sustainable especially at a time when the government wants to implement mass redundancy.

Shrinking of governmental headcount has also been noted. Spending money on agency workers may not be encouraged given the state of the economy. The government needs to reduce its spending in order to save. Britain has also been talking of reduced jobs as a way to increase on government savings.

The critics, however, need to understand that the economy cannot do without agency workers. These workers help in filling the gaps brought about by a shortage of labor in various sectors of the economy. Research shows that agency workers help in improving performance of a company. However, this poses a challenge to permanent employees who receive lower wages than that received by the agency employee. NIESR notes that hiring many agency workers can reduce the wages paid to permanent employees for the same roles.

Permanent employees also are affected when their salaries may take time before being increased. Agency employees help the employers to save on costs, which leads to increased profitability. Many employers share this profit with the permanent workers within the company (Booth, Dolado


Workplace Hazards Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Workplace hazards can often be attributed to technological inefficiencies or lack of safety procedures; however, in the majority of cases, they originate from psychological problems of people such as distress, depression, or anxiety. These problems often result in workplace violence that threatens many individuals within the organization and outside.

This issue is important for a variety of organizations; however, it can become crucial for the companies that are engaged in chemical production. The thing is that because their activities can impact the entire community and especially environment. Hence, they should reduce the risk to a minimum.

Overall, workplace violence can be understood as physical or verbal abuse that can potentially endanger a person’s life, safety, or health. This violence can manifest itself in various forms such as intimidation, punching, or the use of different weapons such as knives or guns. Sometimes it culminates in homicide or injuries.

One should take into account that this hazard can put a great number of people at risk, namely employees, customers, and sometimes the entire community. This issue is of great importance to the organizations in which production process involves the use of potentially hazardous materials or technologies. Again, one can mention oil refineries, metallurgical plants, pharmaceutical companies, or nuclear power stations. Hence it is vital to minimize the likelihood of such incidents.

Nowadays managers use different strategies to overcome the problem of workplace violence. One of the possible strategies is to adopt the policy of zero-tolerance to intimidation, abuse, or threats. This approach implies that every instance of violence has to be documented, and the person, who is guilty of such misconduct, can be first warned by the management and later even dismissed.

This policy can be efficient because it may deter some people from bulling or intimidating other employees. However, it cannot completely prevent violence because in many cases, managers cannot always detect potential conflict and violence. The thing is that many individuals suffering from stress or depression may hurt someone else, but sometimes their managers or co-workers do not notice the changes in their behavior.

Furthermore, modern organizations apply various technologies to minimize the likelihood and impact of workplace violence. For instance, they use video surveillance and alarm systems that enable to identify potential conflicts and respond to them as quickly as possible. This is an effective method because it reduces the impact of workplace violence. For instance, security personnel can prevent people from using cold weapons or firearms.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, many companies ensure that no outsider can enter without permission or authorization. This method strives to minimize risks coming from people who are not related to the company. Such a strategy is aimed against hypothetical terrorist attacks. This approach can be useful, but one should remember that acts of violence can be committed by people who have been working in the company for a long time.

Secondly, in some organizations managers insist that employees should have access to counseling services. This approach enables to resolve possible conflicts and even identify those employees who may be on the verge of nervous breakdown and who may act violently against others. Unfortunately, this approach is not frequently adopted by modern organizations since many of them cannot afford such services. Yet, counseling can safeguard organizations against the risk of homicide in the workplace.

Overall, the danger of workplace violence requires different initiatives. One of the goals is to prevent people from carrying cold weapons or firearms to the workplace.

The problem is that homicide has become particularly widespread in recent years, and this trend is rather alarming. For this reason, organizations should install metal detectors. If these devices had been present in some companies, many lives could have been saved. Certainly, not every organization can afford it, but this method will minimize the risk of homicide in the workplace.

Again, one has to remember that this threat may come from outsiders, who visit the company, and from insiders, such as employees. Overall, this initiative can be a very helpful safeguard for a variety of companies. In particular, one can mention those organizations that are visited by a large number of people, for instance, hospitals, insurance companies, or banks. Moreover, those companies that are engaged in chemical production should definitely make use of these devices.

In their case, workplace violence can adversely influence not only people, but the environment, in general. Moreover, these companies should adopt safety procedures and technologies that prevent people from disrupting production process or making it dangerous to people and environment. This issue cannot be disregarded especially if one takes into account the hypothetical possibility of a terrorist attack.

The second important issue is the training that managers should have. These people must be able to recognize potential conflicts between employees or customers. They should identify the individuals who may be likely to act violently. They have to work with dissatisfied employees or customers. Unfortunately, the complaints of these people are overlooked by managers. As a result, they become more likely to give vent to their frustration.

We will write a custom Essay on Workplace Hazards specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sometimes, they discontent may take extreme forms such as injury or murder of a person. Certainly, one cannot justify those people, who committed homicide in the workplace. However, these tragedies could have been averted, if managers had noticed their distress, anxiety, or discontent. To a great extent, these people should act as psychologists who can notice that some people are likely to turn to violence. Their role in the prevention of potential conflicts can become critical.

Finally, organizations have to invest more in workplace counseling. This approach not only reduces the risk of violence, but also enables people to speak more freely about their discontent. Professional counselors can help employees better cope with work overload or pressure. These are the factors that contribute to violence. Moreover counselors can assist managers in creating a good workplace environment.

By providing such opportunities to workers, organizations will ensure their employees do not suffer from work-related stress and do not vent their discontent on somebody else. It should be noted that workplace violence usually affects people who are involved in any conflict. Normally they just happen to be within the reach of the distressed person. Therefore, workplace counseling can protect many innocent people.

Overall, one can argue that workplace violence has definitely become one of the major concerns for business administrators. Physical abuse and sometimes even homicide suggest that organizations have to reevaluate their attitudes toward safety. The most optimal solution will be based on the use of technologies, improved safety procedures, and increased attention toward the needs of employees or customers. This combined strategy can be the key to the elimination of workplace violence.


Business and Society Essay essay help online

All types of businesses ought to initiate social responsibility programs to enhance their relationships with their stakeholders. Social responsibility generally means an adoption by a business of a strategic focus for fulfilling the four types of responsibilities; economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic responsibilities.

This paper holds the opinion that out of the four types of social responsibility, economic social responsibility is the most important. This is because any business must have a responsibility to be economically viable so that it can provide a return on investment for its business owners at the same time create job opportunities for the community while contributing goods and services to the economy. Without the economic responsibility, the other three types of responsibility would be meaningless.

Contribution of Etihad Airways towards corporate social responsibly (CSR) Etihad Airways is United Arab Emirate’s national airline. Etihad Airways serve over 72 main business and leisure destinations worldwide and targets to fly 25million passengers annually to at least 100 destinations by 2020. Due to such huge involvement with various stakeholders, Etihad Airways formulated a concrete social responsibility strategy.

Etihad Airways appreciates its position as an integral part of society and its potential to have both positive and negative impacts on the communities in which it operates. One of the airway’s objectives is to promote its corporate social responsibility through the full range of traditional and new communications channels and in effective reporting.

Both corporate and individual philanthropy is an important part of Etihad’s corporate social responsibility. The airline enjoys a high degree of recognition among its esteemed stakeholders in the United Arab Emirates as well as the communities they operate in. They manage their philanthropic giving and community involvement ethically and with transparency to meet the expectations of the corporate governance and stakeholders.

Etihad Airways has contributed significantly towards corporate social responsibility in various ways. To begin with the staff members of Etihad Airways responded with compassion and energy to several crisis and humanitarian aid. They in 2010 donated money and crisis aid items for distribution to communities in Haiti, Chile, Pakistan and Australia.

In Haiti, the staff donated money and relief items. In Pakistan, the Etihad staff distributed more than 1,000 Eid gift packs to displaced children living in the Razzakabad relief camp in Karachi after the country was hit by disastrous floods. At the same time, the company sponsored volunteers from the Pakistan Flood Relief Dubai agency to distribute donated food, clothing and household items.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to these, Etihad responded swiftly to the devastating flood that engulfed a huge area of Queensland, Australia and affected about 200,000 people. The company pledged AUD 1 million in aid to the Queensland Government. Other than these, and with an aim of continuing with the company’s social responsibility, Etihad Airways is a founding signatory and member of Care by Air, a humanitarian and relief aid initiative from Abu Dhabi.

It provides space at cost price to deliver relief aid to disaster stricken areas around the world. Etihad is a also a registered member of the International Society of Transport Aircraft trading Airlink which provides and promotes a free web-based portal aimed at addressing developmental and emergency humanitarian air transport needs.

Etihad Airways has for sure contributed significantly and has lived up to its Corporate Social Responsibility strategy as observed here above.


Introduction to botany Descriptive Essay custom essay help

Taxonomy and Linnaean classification The taxonomical classification of grasses is shown below;

Kingdom; – Plantae

Phylum; – Magnoliophyta (angiosperms/ flowering plants)

Class; – Liliopsida (monocotyledonous plants)

Order; – Poales (Graminoid order)

Family; – Poaceae (grass family)

Genus; – Poa

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Species; – Various species

Introduction, Physical Description and Geographical Range Grasses can be described as herbivorous plants which have narrow leaves growing from the plant base. They are dominant vegetation in many places such as forests, grasslands and in swampy regions. Grasses are found in almost every terrestrial habitant and some have been modified to suit mans needs. The grass species exceed 9000 making them one of the largest biological families in the world.

Plant description The grass plant is comprised of tillers/ shoots that grow from the bud at the plant base. The tiller is comprised of leaf, stem node and the stem internodes. These units regularly repeat themselves. The leaves are attached to the stem at the internodes. The stems are hollow and are refereed to as culms. The leaves grow at one plane (distichous) and are parallel veined. The leaves have two parts; the lower sheath where it hug on the stem and a blade which has sharp edges to prevent grazing. The flowers are usually arranged as spikelets. These spikelets have one or more florets.

At the early growth stages of the plant, the nodes distance (internodes) is very small and the stem remains at the base of the plant. As the development progresses, the tiller stops to produce leaves and forms an immature seed head. When this happens, the tiller no longer grows and clipping it off or grazing does not affect the leaf growth of the grass. At this stage, the upper internodes elongate, new tillers emerge while the seed head increases in length.

Figure 1: the different parts of a grass plant [source: Banhart, 1 ]

Reproductive Habits and Life Cycle There are three main development stages of grasses, these are;

Vegetative growth

Leaves: At an early stage, the leaves form at the stem near the ground. The leaves develop chlorophyll and photosynthesis occurs fast so that they capture solar energy to enable the formation of carbohydrates. The excess carbohydrates are stored in the roots and the plant crown. Normally, the leaves produced during spring die and the carbohydrates stored at the crown help in new leaf development during summer (Chapman 73).

We will write a custom Essay on Introduction to botany specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Roots: The primary root developments occur during the initial growth stages and it feeds the initial leaves. These roots last for a few weeks and die. Secondary roots develop at the same time with tillers. This growth is supported by the carbohydrates produced by the leaves. The secondary root lasts for one year and aid in anchoring the plant. Other types of root that develop are the hair roots that aid in food absorption. Leguminous grasses produce an extensive root system beneath the soil comprised of stolons and rhizomes.


At the elongation stage, the stem of the grass lengthens, at this stage only the upper internodes increase in length.

Reproductive Growth

At the reproductive stage, the seed head develops. This occurs after one year of vegetative growth and is controlled by the plant hormones that stimulate the reproductive meristems to start growing. During this stage, the reproductive parts elongate and form the crown. The crown produces flowers through which pollination occurs and seeds are formed (Barnhart 3).


The grasses occupy the grassland biomes. They cover about 31% of the total earth planet. There are situated at the lowest level of the food chain as they form the food for many grazing animals such as cattle, goats, elephants, deer’s among others. Grasses are effective colonizers of any cleared land as compared to trees because they don’t have woody stems that are trampled by animals.

Plants have adaptations that prevent excessive grazing, their leaves have very sharp edges that cut the grazers and these prevent grazing. Some gases have hardened leaves. However, Grazing at the later stages of grass development removes the old unwanted stems and it is useful in the re-growth of the grass (Cheplick 125).

Human Impacts, Importance and Management Grasses have numerous economic importances both to humans and animals. They are foods to herbivores that are later eaten by the carnivores and hence together with other plants, they sustain the entire food chain. They also form food for domestic grazing animals such as cattle, goats and sheep which become human foods. Grasses are also extensively used by humans for beautification, in lawns and in modern football, cricket and golf fields.

Grasses also affect agriculture, farmers must clear grasses during weeding and this increases their farming costs.

Human beings have great impacts on the grasses. Gradual encroachment of the grassland has reduced its cover. Practices such as; burning grass, unmanaged grazing, clearing land for agriculture, using land for building and construction have impacted negatively on this species.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Introduction to botany by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More With the continuous changes in climate and changes in weather patterns, it is expected that the grass population will continue to reduce. Unexpected weather conditions such as long dry seasons and short rain result to the grasses dying up.

Works Cited Barnhart, Stephen. How pasture plants grow. PDF file. 22 April. 2012.

Chapman, Geoffrey. The Biology of Grasses, 1st ed, Wallingford, Oxfordshire: CABI publishers,1996. Print

Cheplick, G. Population Biology of Grasses, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.Print.


The Effects of Noise Pollution Cause and Effect Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

The introduction Noise pollution meaning

When speaking about the effects of noise pollution, it is necessary to highlight some fundamentals of the issue. So, first of all, it should be pointed out that noise is considered to be a negative phenomenon both at physiological and psychological levels.

Generally, one is to keep in mind that noise seems to be one of the most important threats to the quality of a person’s life. The modern technological developments are recognized to be the basic reasons of noise appearance. Moreover, the effects of noise pollution are especially harmful for urban areas where industry and transportation are developed.

The body Some fundamentals of noise pollution

A sound pressure, which exceeds 70 dB, is recognized to be harmful for human ears. In most cases, “continuous exposure to such high level noise higher than the acceptable values can lead to a progressive loss of hearing and/or an

increase in the threshold of hearing” (Roba 2). It should be pointed out that such high sound levels are mostly associated with noise from factories, motorcycles, etc.

Noise pollution studies

The impact of noise pollution on people was also observed. For instance, those adults, who were annoyed by traffic noise (trains, air and road traffic) had hypertension; while for children, it was extremely hard to lean and to differentiate between the words under high sound levels.

Those people, who live in high traffic areas, have more health problems (higher blood pressures and lower heart pulse rates). The employees of some factories in Turkey also took part in the investigation. The results of the studies showed that approximately 50% of employees suffered from NIHL.

In other words, one is to keep in mind that noise-induced hearing loss seems to be the most widespread disease in industries. Lane is of the opinion that “Noise has numerous health effects, making noise pollution a public health concern; although, it has not been well addressed. To name a few, these effects include elevated blood pressure, noise-induced hearing loss, sleep disorders, and irritability” (1).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is obvious that noise pollution is really a great problem, as there are not only adults, but also children who show the signs of noise-induced hearing loss. For instance, it might be noted that 15% of children (6-19 years old) in the USA suffer from NIHL.

Mental diseases, however, should also be taken into account, as certain studies have shown that children’s decreased attention, oppositional behavior, etc. mostly depended upon noise levels, which exceeded 55 dB. Certain difficulties with social adaptation because of high sound levels should not be neglected too. Isabelle Lane states that “Noise pollution via community noise also causes annoyance and disturbance among those with depression and anxiety and may make their

symptoms worse” (4). Generally, there are many unpleasant consequences, which noise pollution causes. A person’s ability to work well, his or her memory, concentration and motivation depend upon the conditions he or she works within.

The conclusion The effects of noise pollution seem to be really destructive, as they deteriorate people’s quality of life. Various accidents in the workplace also occur because of noise pollution. The employees’ effectiveness and accuracy depend upon sound level they work within. Increased negative reactions are also caused by high sound levels; so, to prevent negative social and behavioral effects, one is to think about his or her hearing protection.

Works Cited Lane, Isabelle. Noise Pollution, n.d. Web.

Roba, Mohammed Anis Saeed. The Effects of Noise Pollution on Arterial Blood Pressure and Heart Pulse Rate of School Children at Jenin City, 2010. Web.


The Differences between Real and Fake Smiles Essay essay help online

Smiling has been recognized or identified as an expression of merry making, happiness and joy by each and every culture around the world. All of humankind have the ability to smile which reflects pleasure, gladness, gratification, inner fulfillment and so on. In all the facial lexis, smiling is used most often than not.

There are basically two forms or types of smiles; a genuine smile and a fake smile. It often proves to be a real challenge to spot or pinpoint the difference between a genuine smile and a fake smile. Only few individuals have the ability or pinpoint the exact difference between these two types of smiles (Durayappah n.p.).

This dissimilarity between the two types of smiles has been of concern to researchers for quite a long while now. An authentic smile has been named after a nineteenth century physician who studied physiology of facial expressions called Guillaume Duchenne and it is therefore called the “Duchenne smile”. Guillaume used electrical currents to excite the facial muscles.

Both types of smiles involve the contraction of facial muscles. Contractions of a fake smile involves the use of a single around the face known as zygomatic major, whereas contractions of a genuine or Duchenne smile involves the use of muscles namely; the zygomatic major and the orbicularis oculi (Durayappah n.p.).

Studies show that the reason a fake smile only involves zygomatic major is because it impossible to voluntarily contract the orbicularis oculi muscle, it has been discovered that these two types of smiles genuine smile and fake smile are essentially managed by two entirely different parts of our mind (Durayappah n.p.).

For example, an uneven smile can be as a result of a damaged cortex motor on the left side of the brain’s hemisphere. The use of the same set of muscles namely the zygomatic muscle is a form of similarity between these two types of smiles other than they are both intended to imply joy or happiness even if one of them is a fake smile.

However, when that same patient genuinely laughs or smiles, the smile is typical with no irregularities. This is evident that the genuine or Duchenne smile is controlled by some other area of the mind. On the other hand, there is no asymmetry in a smile that has been attempted by a person with a damaged limbic system (Durayappah n.p.). The smile is authentic or normal but when the same person smiles genuinely the asymmetry is evident.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Consequently, fake smiles or as they are mostly called “cheese smile” look comparable to Duchenne smiles, but there are some critical dissimilarities. Unlike genuine smiles which are contributed by our inner emotions of joy and happiness, our cognizant mind tells or directs the cheek muscles to contract hence a Cheese or fake smile. In other words a fake smile can be executed at one’s will (Durayappah n.p.).

These conscious directions engage the mouth only and can be held on faces for as long as it is needed. Human brain is remarkably good at telling apart genuine smile from cheese or fake smiles, it does so from a subconscious level.

Studies clearly show that in circumstances where trust is critical for example, when a sales man is trying to score a sale on video or in person a closer attention to such person’s smile ought to be keenly paid. Conclusion from such observations and their results may help decide whether or not we can trust the person or the goods they wish to sell (Durayappah n.p.).

Unlike fake or cheese smile which can easily be controlled and does not engage the entire facial muscles, genuine smiles form crinkled up muscles around the eyes as well as around the mouth, and it is therefore impossible to voluntarily control muscles around the eyes and mouth, neither have control over the smile’s duration on the face. With the above illustrated study it is quite possible to detect a fake smile from a genuine one.

Another feature mostly used to tell apart these two types of smiles is the laugh lines. These are tiny wrinkles mostly present at the corners of the eye while one is smiling. These wrinkles are formed by the orbicularis oculi muscle, one which rings the eye and contracts when a person has a genuine smile rather than a fake smile (Durayappah n.p.).

In conclusion, even though differentiating between the two can be difficult, there have been scientific developments to assist while trying to different the two types of smiles. A coding system was developed by professor of UC San Francisco Dr. Paul Ekman.

This Facial Action Coding System is meant to assist physicians and scientists to differentiate the genuine smile from the fake smile. Dr. Ekman continues to illustrate by saying that, one should be keen while trying to point out a type of smile. Dr.Ekna illustrates a state that might define both smiles and that might confuse an observer.

We will write a custom Essay on The Differences between Real and Fake Smiles specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He says that corners of the lip being intensely pulled up by a large smile could pass for either genuine or fake smile. Dr. Ekna explains that the only part that will disclose the difference in a large concentrated smile is the skin amid the eyebrows and the upper eyelid. In a genuine smile the skin amid the eyebrows and the upper eyelid will definitely move slightly down as compared to a force smile where no such movement will be present.

Works Cited Durayappah, Adoree. “What Science Has to Say About Genuine vs. Fake Smiles”. Psychology Today. 5 Jan. 2010 Web. .


“David” by Donatello Critical Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents The Sculptor

The Sculpture

Critical Analysis

Works Cited

Donatello was an Italian sculptor from Florence who lived in the early renaissance period. He is famous for his relief sculpture works. One of such sculptures is “David” a sculpture he created based on the biblical story of David and Goliath. This fifteenth century artistic marvel has some surrounding controversy as to who commissioned it. Donatello’s most popular sculpture was the one made of bronze. This bronze “David” gained popularity first in Italy and then across the world.

The Sculptor Donatello was born in Florence Italy around the late 1300s. He was born to a father who was a member of the Florentine Wool Combers Guild. When he was young, he received some formal education and then went on to train as a goldsmith. As an adult, he went to Rome to study and engage in excavations with a fellow artist. When he was in Rome, he showed interest in the architecture and sculptures around the city.

His first paid sculpturing work was in November of 1406 when he was hired to make sculptures of prophets for a church (Horst 19). Soon after, he finished his first solo project that was named “Saint John the Evangelist”. After that, he was hired by several churches to make sculptures. Some of these sculptures include “St George and the Dragon”, “Sacrifice of Isaac”, “Habakkuk”, “Bearded Prophet” among others. It was during this period of prominence that he created “David”.

The Sculpture This sculpture is based on the story of David and Goliath as it appears in the bible. This story appears in the book of first Samuel and it chronicles the events surrounding David’s triumph over Goliath.

According to the story, Goliath was a Philistine giant who challenged any Israelite soldier to a duel. When all of them were cowed, David who was then just a small boy volunteered and managed to kill Goliath using only a slingshot. This story is very pertinent to the Christian faith. At the time the sculpture was created, the sculptor had already completed a series of paintings that were in line with the Christian faith (Donatello’s David).

This is because the Catholic Church provided a ready market for Donatello’s work and was also part of his religion. The first “David” sculpture was commissioned in the beginning of the 1400s by a cathedral in Florence. It was to be one of twelve sculptures decorating the cathedral. The marble sculptor he made did not fit in with the others and it was shelved.

After some time readjustments were recommended and an inscription requested. The inscription had words to the effect that those who fight bravely for what they believe in are highly rewarded. This sculptor was then made into bronze version. This bronze “David” was among the earliest unsupported standing bronze sculptures. The sculpture depicts a nude David standing holding a sword, a smile on his face and with one foot rested on Goliath’s head (Christopher 32).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The bronze version was commissioned by the Medici family and then placed in the middle of their palace. The Medici family was later exiled from Florence and the sculpture was moved to a new location. There are several assumptions made by the artist in this version of “David”. For example, David was supposed to be completely nude, but in this version, he is wearing boots and a helmet. The actual date the bronze “David” was commissioned is still disputable.

Critical Analysis The shift of details from the original marble “David” to the later bronze version is a debatable issue. The fact that the bronze statue found its way to Florence, adds to this discussion. The portrayal of David in the bronze statue does not seem to be in reference to the bible. This as indicated by the choice of attire and the general pose assumed by the statue (Schneider).

The Medici family, the buyers of this statue, did not have such strong ties with the church and they chose to place it in the middle of their palace. A closer look at the above scenarios points towards a parallel motivation other than the bible story.

Some have explained this work of art as an expression of sexuality. In this case, to mean that Donatello was homosexual thus the details in his sculpture are an expression of this orientation. The other possible explanation is that he was just expressing the widespread homosexuality in Florence at the time (Randolph 67).

However, at this time, homosexuality was illegal and it was punishable offence. In Florence alone, more than fourteen thousand men had been tried. Still, Donatello could have just been making a representation of renaissance art.

The other issue is the feathers on Goliath’s helmet. They are very similar to those in representations of the Greek god Hermes. Some argue that this sculpture represents Greek mythology. This is also because of David’s likeness to the Greek god Mercury (Adrian 38). It is then thought that Donatello was portraying Mercury’s triumph over Hermes.

Finally, the people of Florence felt such strong ties to the sculpture because they too could identify with the story of David. This is because there were in a protracted fight with the Duke of Milan in which they emerged victorious. This may help explain the sculpture’s popularity in this region.

We will write a custom Essay on “David” by Donatello specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Randolph, Adrian. Engaging Symbols: Gender, Politics, And Public Art In Fifteenth-Century Florence, London: Yale University Press, 2002. Print.

Christopher, Fulton. “The Boy Stripped Bare by His Elders: Art and Adolescence in Renaissance Florence”. Art Journal 56 (1997): 31-40. Print.

Donatello’s David 2003. Web.

Horst, Janson. The sculpture of Donatello, London: Princetown, 1957. Print.

Schneider, Laurie. “Donatello’s Bronze David”. The Art Bulletin 55.2 (1973): 213-216. Print.


Dubai Airport Free Zone Report best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction


Contribution to the UAE’s economy

Advantages of the Dubai Airport Free Zone (ADFZ)

DAFZ promotes business in the UAE


Introduction The purpose of this paper is three-fold. First, the paper seeks to establish when the Dubai Airport Free Zones was established, and the main objective behind the establishment of the Free Zones. Secondly, the paper will highlight the contribution of Dubai Airport Free Zone to UAE’s economy, and then outline some of the advantages of Dubai Airport Free Zones. Finally, it will provide a comprehensive discussion on how this project promotes business in the UAE.

Discussion According to World Trade Organization, the emergence of foreign investment, as well as globalization of trade in the last few decades has considerably exposed nations to competitive pressures present in the global economy. The worldwide trading rules that are stipulated by WTO provide economies with new opportunities, and precipitous challenges, as well.

For national economies to succeed in such a competitive environment they need to pursue trade integration. One of the foremost instruments used in trade integration is the establishment of Free Trade Zones. When peace prevails among nations development will be registered in terms of smooth trade among nations and the citizens of different countries are free to exercise their knowledge and skills towards nation building.

In the year 1966, the government of Dubai adopted a strategic plan to aid in advancing economic growth. The government objective was to create an economy that is investment driven. In the plan, the government established Dubai Airport Free zone. In UAE, Dubai Airport Free Zone is the greatest free zone since it harbours more than 1500 companies from various sectors.

The industries that have established subsidiaries in the zone include aviation, manufacturing, ornaments and cosmetics, information technology, logistics and freights. In order to attract new and potential investors in the zone, the government provided an attractive package for international investors.

The incentives include tax havens, quick approval procedures, extended leases, abundant and inexpensive energy, full repatriation of profits and capital, no currency restrictions, and 100 percent foreign ownership. The zone is situated in a strategic area with state of the art facilities such as infrastructure. The Dubai Airport Free Zone borders Dubai International Airport making export of the products and import of raw materials to be utilized in the zone cost effective.

Dubai Airport Free Zone was ranked the best in Middle East and second best in the world by FDI magazine. The modern facilities that are provided in the zone include office units, light industrial units, land sites, and other services.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Contribution to the UAE’s economy In the year 2010, Dubai Airport Free zone contributed significantly in the trade volume. The zone generated approximately AED52 billion to the total trade revenue of the government. In addition, the zone contributes 6 percent of total exports amounting to AED21.652 billion. In reference to imports, Dubai Airport Free Zone demanded 5.6 percent of the total imports representing AED30.64 billion.

This indicates the commitment of the zone towards boosting local economy, and attracting foreign direct investment through creation of a business-enabling environment. The attraction of giant multinational companies in the country is a source of revenue to the government, and at the same time household income for Dubai residents.

The strategy adopted by the government of Dubai act as a stimulus package that triggers growth momentum in different sectors of the economy. The momentum is evident both locally and regionally.

Dubai Airport Free Zones (DAFZ) is an economic pillar that enhances economic performance through creation of employment, attraction of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment), and transfer of new technologies into the country. The different free zones in UAE contribute significantly to the nation’s non-oil exports and as such rank UAE as the third most significant re-export destination in the globe.

The UAE Free Zones facilitates economic diversification through attraction of foreign investors that engage in different activities, and reduce the country’s dependence on oil, while employing nationals of the country. Furthermore, not only will Free Zones prove to be a momentum of diversification, but it will also change the face of economic doings in UAE.

The creation of employment among nationals will lead to an increase in disposal income; hence facilitating effective aggregate demand. The purchasing power of the locals will be improved, and as such, the region will witness economic growth and prosperity.

Moreover, Dubai Airport Free Zones (DAFZ) promotes innovation and entrepreneurship through DEC that facilitates business incubation. Dubai Enterprise Centre facilitates initiation, development, and management of business; hence, the business ventures grow into strong and successful enterprises that significantly contribute to the national development of the region.

We will write a custom Report on Dubai Airport Free Zone specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The initiative seeks to retain talent and expertise in UAE, and continue to accelerate a robust economy through innovation and entrepreneurship. Business incubation provided by DEC enhances business survival in the critical business lifecycle stage. Therefore, the growth of new and competitive businesses in UAE strengthens economic growth and development.

Advantages of the Dubai Airport Free Zone (ADFZ) The proximity to the Airport has provided a pivotal role for handling cargo and transit of goods making it the most efficient and effective free zones. This facilitates cost effective business operations and execution. As a result, companies can export their products, and import raw materials with minimal cost; hence attaining economies of scale.

The other advantage of DAFZ is that it is a tax-free zone. The companies established in the zones enjoy tax havens in relation to their imports and exports. The government also exempt taxes on personal income, and again, there is free transfer of profits and capital to home country. This is also coupled with an option to use any currency without legal restrictions.

The other benefits accrued include; subsidized annual trade license fees, registration are at less competitive charges to investors in FZE. It gives foreign investors a reason to make it a business hub worth investing in, and making it a business destination.

Furthermore, it minimizes the start-up cost for new investors; lowering the cost of doing business and attracting potential foreign investors in the region. The zone is creating specifically for establishment of companies that will facilitate diversification in the economy. The companies will also employ the nationals of UAE; hence absorbing graduates and professionals of UAE.

This will limit brain drain to other developed nations, and as such beneficial in terms of expertise and skills development. Companies established in Free Zones enjoy a competent customer service, as well as employing labour that they find suitable. Investors get assist from DAFZ in relation to visa processing for foreign employees and their families. There is also a wide range of services such as banking that are available to foreign investors.

DAFZ promotes business in the UAE Businesses in Dubai have access to technology parks that facilitate transfer of new technologies and information handling. Information technology is the lifeblood for a competitive business entity. Technology, especially improvement in technology helps the organization through ensuring the effective management processes and strategies. In addition, information technology helps in facilitating quick decision making in the organization.

The technological aspect in business is indispensable and necessary for the accomplishment of the specified objectives. The modern business environment necessitates that organization structures should respond to the ever-changing needs of the business environment. As a result, organization structures are classified as team-based, network, and specialized. These structures ensured that organizations respond to the customer demands of flexibility, speed, quality, and efficiency.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Dubai Airport Free Zone by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More With growing desire of businesses to undertake massive investment, in future the knowledge of the ingredients of a business environment that is conducive such as globalization can be learned and enhanced through information technology.

The concept has not only benefited countries but also individual firms through quality service, a wide range of products and expertise brought about by competition. Each country will be fighting out for a share in the world market. The quality and uniqueness of its products matters for it to withstand in the market.

With the changing customer and organizational needs, training of the workforce has become necessary in any organizational setting. Dubai knowledge village facilitate training which entails an increase in the wealth of knowledge and skills. Training will help the foreign companies to bridge the gap between job requirements and the present competence of the employee.

In addition, it will augment the behaviour and performance of an employee. Training in organization aims at growing competence and skills within an organization in order that as far as possible its prospect needs for the labour force can be met internally.

Dubai outsourcing zone ensures that businesses gain a chunk of benefits and performance from outsourcing, but as it is evident outsourcing has both positive and negative impacts. The business objective of improving efficiency in production as well as attaining competitiveness in the global market has been attained through outsourcing.

The mechanism for monitoring the strategy ensured that progress is geared towards the attainment of organizational goals and establishing whether the changes in the external environment will necessitate any change of strategy. Plans and actions should be modified to facilitate accommodation of the changes in the operating environment.

Conclusion Dubai Airport Free Zones plays a pivotal role as a pillar for economic growth and development. The Free Zones contribute significantly in the regional development of UAE. The zone strives to accommodate the needs of both the investors and employees. The incorporation of information technology in the management of the activities of the business operations is crucial in ensuring effective management in the organization.

The current business world lays the ground for the establishment of an organization that is dynamic and accommodative. The organizational structures adapted should be information technology responsive and applicable in a well-managed environment. In addition, other strategic policies include development planning and protection of rights of property.

The government should be in the front line in championing planning and equitable distribution of its resources. Through planning, the government will be in a position of realizing economic growth and development. The presence of a straightforward policy regarding property rights will boost foreign investment in the country that adds to the capital accumulation of the nation. Capital accumulation is important to economic development.


Information needs and information seeking behavior of graduate students at the University of Botswana. Essay (Article) best college essay help

Scholarly article This article is relevant to the topic of study as it is a field work carried out by two researchers; Tella and Ajiboye on how the students of the University of Botswana consider if online resources are reliable. The article also relates its findings with other similar studies to come up with the best findings. This is a relevant scholarly source as it analyses the behavior of students witnessed as they seek information and how they utilize this information in supporting their inquiry procedures and other academic activities.

This article posses a challenge to the academic libraries asking them to adequately address the needs of students in relation to the dynamic information resources. The libraries can achieve this by learning more about those information resources students value most and the factors affecting the student’s means of searching and using information.

The article goes about this task by analyzing the behavior of students while seeking information as they engage in their normal scholarly activities by looking at the role of the internet, the academic staff and the library. The approach used in the article is a qualitative research that is semi-structured and was achieved through deeply interviewing the concerned parties. This qualitative research approach offers a better understanding of the subject and provides a deeper insight into the topic being studied.

The finding of this study proved the relevancy of this chosen scholarly article on Communication strategies. The findings show that such behaviors practiced by students while seeking information is greatly influenced by those around them who include the academic staff, library staff, fellow students and friends.

Students who depend mostly on the internet opt for online resources that are readily available in the library intranet and on the Internet. Other relied on print resources that they found in the library. The findings also indicate that the student’s behaviors while seeking information were influenced by time restrictions, how good they knew the sources and the services being offered and what the course expected them to do (Fidzan 330).

The article is of great significance to any institution as it brings out the true picture of the students situation while searching for information. The finding can guide academic institutions in seeking ways of addressing the inappropriate information seeking behaviors.

This makes this article so relevant. Through the article, it is evident that the behavior of students is organized but random when it comes to seeking information. The random behavior is normally witnessed in the initial stages when a student is picking on the area of concentration, coming up with the strategy to use while searching information and the general skimming of the ideas and information of the research.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Organized behavior comes in later when it gets to the stage of having sessions planed and choosing strategies that will be used for searching.

It is evident from the article that the student’s behavior as they seek information is interactive. As the students get more knowledge and become organized in their research field, their behaviors become even more refined. However, the searching behaviors vary from one student to another and from disciplines and programs (Fidzan 339).

The article serves the main taskof the topic of study. It gives aninsight onto the behavior of students as they look for information from different sources answering the question on how theyjudge online sources as to whether there are credible. By conducting the study on areal academic setup in a university environment, the results are trustworthy and reliable and can be applied in any academic institution. Hence this scholarly article is best suited to respond to the subject issue on ‘Communication Strategies’


Repentance and sincerity to God Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Table of Contents Summary

Most important points


Works Cited

Summary The reading talks of how to lead a religious (Islam) way of life. The word ‘path’ suggests that the only way to attain religious righteousness is through following the words of the Lord. The article states clearly that there is no other way to God except through the path. The path (also known as tariqa) is the path on which mystiques walk.

It is the path that comes from the sharia. This is the God-given highway on which every Muslim is supposed to walk. The book also states or rather concludes that all religious foundations (be it Christianity or any other) have a path set out and on which all must walk in order to reach their intended spiritual destination.

Most important points One important concept that is expressed in the reading is repentance. Schimmel states that “when you seek God, seek him in your heart. He is not in Jerusalem, in Mecca or in the Hajj” (106). The author also states that “one has to work day and night to plough and to clean the soul” (Schimmel 107).

Explanation The article talks of the importance of repentance to the soul. One should repent from deep within and repentance should not be an external entity. God does not exist in a particular place such as in a building. God dwells in the soul. One needs spiritual cleansing to ensure freedom from the ills of the world.

The article states that without the mystical or rather the conviction of the soul, all exercises towards achieving religious cleanliness is futile. The pilgrimage to the ‘qaaba’ in Mecca is only a sign of conviction but it should never be taken as a complete act of gaining purity before God.

This is because those who Know God best are those who struggle most to follow his commands and religiously follow the laws of the prophets of the lord. The very beginning of the path is the tauba. It means to turn away from sin and to desist from every worldly demand. The reading speaks of ‘ikhlas’. This means absolute sincerity before the lord. The adept should turn with their entire beings towards the lord God.

The statement that one has to work day and night to plough and clean the soul is of great significance. It speaks of absolute conviction. Turning away from sin (also referred to as tauba) is a quality that, according to the reading, can be attained through external sources such as reading the works of the prophets or those written by saints on pieces of papers. Tauba can even be gained from listening to profane words, which are understood in religious sense.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Every form that is hidden in a person’s heart will be exposed on that Day of Judgment. On this day, only those who have been serving in truth and sincerity shall be upheld as conquerors of the world and gainers of spiritual eternity.

Even though hell and heaven did not matter to the devotees of the mystical love, they were very aware that their deeds would be laid bare on that fateful day when all men shall be held accountable for their deeds. God never rejects his people even if repentance is done severally. The article states that people should never exhaust from repenting since God never tires from forgiving his people’s sins.

Works Cited Schimmel, Annemarie. Mystical dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975. Print.


Bill of Rights and Individual Liberties Essay essay help site:edu

Introduction Enemies of the constitution played down the claim that the bill of rights was not needed in the constitution since it contravened the wishes and desires of the majority in the country. This followed after the proponents of the removal of the bill of rights argued that the state machineries had no powers and authority to deny individuals their personal liberties.

Those supporting the view that the bill of rights be excluded from the constitution claimed that the state was given a blank check on matters that the bill of rights did not talk about. Federalists such as Madison believed that the bill of rights was ineffective and had to be omitted from the constitution (Labunski 62).

Furthermore, writers of the federalist papers believed that immediate amendments to the constitution could cause more harm than good to the state. In Federalist 38, Madison commented that the bill of rights had to be done away with since anti-federalists could not actually agree on the most pressing needs as regards to the bill of rights. Furthermore, people had coexisted peacefully for several years without the bill of rights.

After a careful thought and further research, Madison realized that the bill of rights was important and had to be included in the constitution. He therefore chose to be neutral. In Federalist 44, he suggested that the constitution barred the states from infringing on the rights of individuals.

However, he underscored the fact that extra measures had to be taken in order to guarantee liberty and individual freedom. In Federalist 48, Madison noted that states could easily interfere with individual liberty even though the constitution protected individuals. According to Madison’s analysis, the bill of rights could do little to guarantee individual liberty and freedom.

In this paper, it is observed that the bill of rights is very important in protecting individual liberty and freedom. For this reason, it must always be included in the constitution in order to sanction it legally. In real sense, individual liberty is incompatible with state sovereignty. Without the bill of rights, the state would tend to deny individuals their rights in order to safeguard its sovereignty. The bill of rights defines the relationship between the state and citizens.

The Role of the Bill of Rights in Safeguarding Individual Liberty The US is one of the states that were established based on the fundamental freedoms and civil liberties. It was through the civil liberties as outlined in the bill of rights in the constitution that ordinary citizens could be assured their freedoms. In the current political arena, many opponents to the bill of rights suggest that the Patriotic Act should be embraced instead of the bill of rights. This is aimed at cutting the privileges enjoyed by the American populace.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Patriot Act was crafted to protect citizens against terrorism but it has turned out to be a tool that is utilized by the state machineries to deny people their rights. Critics to the bill of rights believe that state interests should be given priority implying that individual liberties should be regulated. This proves that individual liberties and state sovereignty are incompatible in practice.

Founders of the nation such as Patrick Henry insisted that individual liberty was inevitable. The patriot claimed that limiting individual liberty was the same as killing an individual. In other words, individual liberties were to remain intact. The American bill of rights is based on the Massachusetts Bay Liberties that was constituted in 1641. The collection of liberties gave citizens of Massachusetts a freedom to enjoy some rights that were equivalent to the modern day rights.

After the constitution was ratified, the congress moved to amend the constitution to include the bill of rights in 1791. It was viewed that without the bill of rights, the masters and the owners of the means of production would continue subjugating and perpetuating the rights of the unfortunate in society. During colonialism, citizens were not allowed to worship freely and their political participation was limited.

The law could punish any individual who opposed the existing social order. In this regard, the ruled had to follow what the ruler wanted them to follow. The relationship between the ruled and the ruler was skewed. The bill of rights was necessary to specify and clarify the relationship between the king and the subjects. In the contemporary society, the same thing can happen in case the bill of rights is scrapped from the constitution.

Before the enactment of the bill of rights, the constitution stated who was supposed to own property. Regarding the ownership of firearms, only the state had the power and authority to possess arms. Citizens existed at the mercy of state machineries. In the legal quarters, citizens were often treated unfairly.

Those with high social statuses were always given priority in matters touching on property ownership. This meant that the poor existed at the mercy of the rich. The bill of rights was established to check on this issue. The bill of rights was therefore established to serve as a foundation to civil liberties to be enjoyed by every individual in the state.

Furthermore, the bill of rights was incorporated in the constitution in order to prevent the government from taking control of individual life. The bill of rights provides individuals with legal defences in case the government attempts to go against the wishes and desires of the majority.

We will write a custom Essay on Bill of Rights and Individual Liberties specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Through the first amendment, citizens could enjoy various freedoms and rights. Freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of religion and the right to public assembly were all included in the first amendment. The individual could freely assembly to express his or her opinion without state intervention.

In this case, the individual had the right to petition the government on matters pertaining to injustice such as state brutality and state harassment. Moreover, the first amendment barred the state from introducing a state religion. In places where the bill of rights is not incorporated in the constitution, citizens have no choice but to follow what the state provides, including religious beliefs.

The fourth amendment provides that the state cannot forcefully investigate an individual without his or her consent. This clause limits the state authorities from searching and capturing an individual without prior notification. Due to this amendment, the security agencies cannot enter the compound of an individual without a court order.

In other words, no authority has the power to seize another person’s property without following a due process. This was not the case before the introduction of the bill. In the Fifth Amendment, the individual should never be forced to give information. In this case, torture is prohibited. State authorities could prefer using force to acquire critical information from an individual but this law prohibits them from doing so.

Works Cited Labunski, Richard. James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights: Pivotal Moments in American History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Print