Come to Life It is hard to nail down what exactly makes the movies that have been claimed as all-time classics stay in audience’s good graces for so long. No one can tell the precise recipe for a good move – there is no book that tells how to.
Therefore, whenever a movie is released, the passion that went into the movie-making process collides with the critical vision of the audience. A decent element of the “old gold” collection of classic films, Citizen Cane is a graphical example of how a well-written character with a unique arch and a decently developed intrigue can make a cinematic masterpiece out of a one poor rich man’s story.
A symbol of childhood, innocence and the best kept secret of all time, Rosebud adds that bittersweet melancholic tone to the Citizen Cane and makes it appeal not only to the great of the world, but to any adults who can still remember the time when they were young and careless.
Like many other well-written symbols in a movie, Rosebud incorporates several ideas at once, embracing a whole spectrum of emotions and a bunch of memories. Before proceeding with the analysis of the Rosebud significance, one must mention that throughout the entire movie, weirdly enough, it was mistaken for a number of things and people.
Some considered that Rosebud was Kane’s memory of his failure: “A racehorse he bet on once, probably, that didn’t come in – Rosebud!” The reporter, Jerry Thompson, believed that Rosebud was actually a friend of Kane.
Thrilling the viewers into paying attention, the movie helps the audience relate to the leading character. Hence the wistful mood comes, making the audience tune into the story of Citizen Kane. It can be suggested that in this meaning, Rosebud represents a symbol of nostalgia.
As it finally turns out, the sled, which the Rosebud eventually turned out to be, appears to be the symbol of Kane’s childhood and everything that being a child involved, that is, having fun and being a kid without a care in the world. Rosebud is the symbol of all the fun that Orson Welles’ character had as a child, and the regret for not having given credit to those days before.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rosebud is the symbol of the times when there was no need to care for anything, or fight or anything; it was the time of innocence for Foster Kane. One might argue that the life that Kane led as an adult was much more complex and, therefore, more engaging than the childhood adventures.
The movie, however, makes it very clear with the help of Rosebud as a symbol of childhood that it takes ridiculously little to feel on top of the world. In fact, at certain point, Welles drops a very clear hint at the act that Rosebud is supposed to signify childlike innocence and contrast with the vulgarity that surrounded Kane in his business career and love affairs:
MISS ANDERSON: You have enjoyed a very rare privilege, young man. Did you find what you were looking for?
THOMPSON: No. Tell me something, Miss Anderson. You’re not a Rosebud, are you?’
MISS ANDERSON: ‘What?’
THOMPSON: ‘I didn’t think you were’” (Citizen Kane).
Contrasting everything that Miss Anderson represents, starting with her no-nonsense attitude to the prim and proper manners, to Rosebud, Welles makes it clear that Rosebud is a reminiscence of the days when playing games was enough to feel happy.
We will write a custom Essay on Citizen Cane: the Significance of Rosebud specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is quite peculiar that Kane’s attitude towards children gets a mentioning several times in the movie; for example, talking about her children, Emily says that Kane “sees to it that they get cheap ice and only pay a nickel in the street cars” (Citizen Kane). The message that Rosebud conveys might also imply that only in their childhood, people can feel genuinely happy.
Speaking of the other things that Rosebud could signify, one can argue that Rosebud is the symbol of good times and the idealization of the “old days”. Nostalgia is an integral part of people’s life, which Citizen Kane shows in the most obvious way; even the business giant and a cool-blooded, always-reasonable Kane finally confesses that he misses the time when he was a child, though in a rather vague way.
On the one hand, in the given context, Rosebud can be considered the symbol of weakness: “Tough guy, huh? Dies calling for Rosebud!” (Citizen Kane). On the other hand, this is the kind of weakness that makes the audience more sympathetic towards Foster Kane. Everyone has ever had a time in his/her life when a choice between staying innocent and growing up was made, and that choice came at a price.
Taking the above-mentioned idea to a different level, one might also consider Rosebud as the sacrifice that Kane made to grow up. However, in the light of the fact that Kane never mentioned Rosebud whenever the movie cut to his life in a flashback, it should be concluded that he never realized what kind of price he had paid for becoming what he finally became.
Thus, it can be considered that Rosebud was a kind of a fee for entering the world of adults. Though, as it has been mentioned, Kane never says a word about Rosebud and did not even seem to remember it, the audience still sees the pain that he has to go through when trying to figure out why he heels so empty: “Mrs. Kane liked poetry” (Citizen Kane).
Rosebud seems to be the kind of wistful memory of something that Kane would have never felt again – the joy of being just a kid, and being loved by his mother merely for being her son; the joy of knowing that he belonged somewhere and that he was always welcome there.
A symbol of time when the lead character could not care less about the problems that most adults face, Rosebud represents the memories about the childhood that every adult has hidden somewhere deep within, as well as the nostalgia for the time when one could be free from the worries of the adults and the existential angst of young adults.
One of the most well-kept secrets in the history of cinema, Rosebud is a perfect symbol of the sacrifice that people make when they leave the realm of childhood and enter the world of the grown-ups. What used to seem a wonderland full of fun and games turns out to be a piece of junk and a miserable wreck, and that is the cost for growing up.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Citizen Cane: the Significance of Rosebud by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Citizen Kane. Dir. Orson Welles. Perf. Orson Welles, Joseph Cotton and Dorothy Comingore. RKO Radio Pictures, 1941. Film.
Fossil fuels have no future Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
A Case for Developing Renewable Energy Sources
Arguments against Renewable Energy
Introduction Fossil fuels have served as the primary source of energy for the past century, helping man to achieve a previously unprecedented level of development. This source of energy has been harnessed to power industries and fuel transportation means therefore helping in the growth of the modern civilization.
However, the ability of fossil fuels to continue playing a central role in fulfilling the energy demands of mankind has been called into question due to a number of reasons. The great industrial expansions experienced all over the world and the exponential population growth have put an enormous strain on fossil fuels.
Addition to the concern about the possible exhaustion of fossil fuels, this energy source has been blamed for negative environmental impacts. Because of these concerns, there have been calls for more focus on renewable energy sources, which currently make a minor contribution in the global energy supply.
While the development of renewable energy sources promises to enhance global energy security and mitigate the negative effects of fossil fuels, this alternative has not been received universal approval.
There has been opposition to these means with some people viewing fossil fuels as the only reliable source for satisfying the global energy needs renewable energy as unfeasible. This paper will argue that fossil fuels have no future and the world needs to develop renewable energy sources to satisfy the energy demands of the world.
A Case for Developing Renewable Energy Sources Fossil fuels are nonrenewable sources of energy, which means that there is a finite amount of fossil fuels on earth and the current fuel reserves will one day end. The world can therefore not afford to depend primarily on a source of energy that cannot be expected to last indefinitely. A report by the oil giant BP reveals that the world’s crude oil reserves are currently at 1,200 billion barrels (Issitt and Warhol 1).
With an annual consumption rate of 30 billion barrels, the current oil reserves will only last for the next 40 years. The revelation that the life span of the fossil fuel reserves on the planet is not that long should push the world to seek alternative energy means. If renewable energy sources are not pursued, the world will face energy crisis once the fossil fuel reserves run out since fossil fuels are the primary energy sources for the world today.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Renewable energy sources can such as solar energy can be relied upon since it will last for as long as the sun shines. The future energy supply for the world will therefore be guaranteed through such a source. The early development of renewable energy sources will also reduce the current strain on fossil fuels. This will enable fossil fuels to last longer even as the world makes the gradual move to alternative sources of energy.
Fossil fuels have an adverse effect on the environment due to the greenhouse gases emitted when these fuels are burnt. The greenhouse gases have resulted in many adverse environmental impacts including global warming and acid rains. The global warming phenomenon has especially caused environmental issues to take a center stage in global affairs. World leaders, policy makers, and scientists have tried to come up with a way to mitigate global warming which is mostly blamed on fossil fuels (Gurmit 34).
Since the world needs energy to sustain its development, the only way to mitigate the negative environmental impacts of fossil fuels is by coming up with an energy source that has reduced or zero negative impacts on the environment. Renewable energy sources present a feasible way to produce energy without the negative environmental impacts attributed to fossil fuels.
Alternative energy source such as wind energy and solar power are clean sources that do not emit any harmful gases to the environment. Solar energy uses the sun to generate clean energy with little or no green house gas emissions. Wind energy uses the wind to turn turbines with zero carbon emissions.
The overreliance on fossil fuels by the world has decreased the energy independence of most Western nations, which do not have their own fossil fuel reserves. The nations have been forced to increase their dependency on oil producing nations, which have immense power because they possess this valuable resource.
For example, the United States relies heavily on imported fuel to satisfy its energy needs. Issitt and Warhol document that 80% of US oil is imported from the oil producing nations (4). This is a very significant amount of oil considering the huge energy demands by industries and citizens in the US. The high dependency on foreign nations to supply a countries energy needs can be risky.
To begin with, such a situation places the oil-producing nation’s great political power. This is best elaborated by the oil embargo placed by the Arab producing nations on the US in 1967. This embargo was placed in reaction to the United States support for Israel during the Arab-Israeli war. The restriction led to a shortage of fuel in the US and a rise in oil prices therefore affecting the economy.
We will write a custom Essay on Fossil fuels have no future specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Renewable energy sources would ensure the self-sufficiency of a country since it would be able to produce its own energy in a sustainable manner. Renewable energy sources will also save non-oil producing nations money since their foreign spending will be drastically reduced if they do not have to import fossil fuels.
Renewable energy sources will help preserve the natural environment since energy will be harnessed with little damage to the environment. Fossil fuels have also contributed to the degradation of the natural environment.
As demand for these fuels has increased, oil companies have had to expand their operations to new areas that are natural habitats. The American government is considering engaging in drilling operations in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in order to produce more and cheaper fuel for the American population (Moselle 79).
As the current oil reserves dwindle, nations are expanding their explorations in an unsustainable manner. Renewable energy sources would serve as a more permanent solution to the energy demand problem that the world faces. These sources if well exploited would provide man with an unlimited amount of energy for an indefinite period.
Arguments against Renewable Energy Opponents of renewable energy sources assert that these alternative means cannot satisfy the immense energy needs of the country. These proponents of fossil fuels contend that while fossil fuel reserves are decreasing, it would be impossible to replace them and a more feasible solution would be to look for more energy efficient ways to make the fossil fuels last longer (Bowman and Marcus 11).
To support these arguments, these opponents of renewable energy observe that alternative energy sources are inefficient and very expensive. This assertion is true since fossil fuels are comparatively cheaper and the most efficient energy form. However, it should be noted that fossil fuels technologies have been developed for decades, which is why they are so efficient. If renewable energy sources are given the time to develop, they will become as efficient (Talal and Steven 2217).
Increase in use will also reduce the cost of renewable energy so that they are eventually at par or even less than fossil fuel prices. Governments and technology companies should therefore invest more in alternative energy source research and development in order to accelerate this.
Renewable energy source development is taking long and this has led opponents to question the feasibility of these alternative energy sources. Western governments including the US have been engaged in research efforts for the past 4 decades with billions of dollars invested in the development of feasible replacements for fossil fuels.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Fossil fuels have no future by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bowman and Marcus document that in its efforts to promote renewable energy production in the past 4 decades, the US government has lost billions of dollars and continues to loss more as additional money is dedicated to these efforts (1).
Proponents of fossil fuels argue that this money could be better used advancing research in the improvement of efficiency in fossil fuels or exploration of new fossil fuels reserves. While it is true that significant amounts of money have been used in trying to develop feasible renewable energy technologies, the effort has not been in vain.
Renewable technology such as solar power has made great developments and plans for wide scale production of electricity in some regions have already been implemented (Moselle 152). While renewable technology is not yet as matured as fossil fuels, this should not be used as an excuse to abandon an energy source that will ensure sustainability.
Conclusion This paper set out to argue that fossil fuels have no future in the world and as such, renewable energy sources need to be developed and used in place of fossil fuels. The paper begun by noting that fossil fuels are a finite non-renewable resource predicted to run out soon, and when this happens, the world will face an energy crisis if it does not have an alternative.
The paper then articulated the negative environmental impacts of fossil fuels and the dependency that these fuels create as non-oil producing nations are forced to rely on the oil producers. The paper has admitted that renewable energy technology is still in its development stage and therefore inferior to fossil fuel technologies.
However, considering the significant benefits that renewable energy will bring, additional investments should be made to improve this technology and lead to a wider embrace of these alternative energy sources. By doing this, the energy security of the globe will be ensured and the negative environmental impacts currently caused by fossil fuels mitigated.
Works Cited Bowman, Jeffrey, and Marcus Griswold. “Counterpoint: Alternative Energy Won’t Solve All the Demands of World Energy Consumption.” Points of View: Alternative Energy Exploration 4.1 (2009): 1-10. Web.
Gurmit, Singh. Exploit Nature-Renewable Energy Technologies. New Delhi: Aditya Books Pvt. Ltd., 2009. Print.
Issitt, Micah and Warhol Tom. “Alternative Energy Exploration: An Overview.” Points of View: Alternative Energy Exploration (2009): 1-5. Web.
Moselle, Boaz. Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems: Theory, Practice, Policy. New York: Earthscan, 2010. Print.
Talal, Yusaf and Steven Goh. “Potential of renewable energy alternatives in Australia”. Renewable
STEP Products Export on Middle Eastern Region: Research Research Paper essay help
Introduction STEP has been one of the profitable firms in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the plastics industry. The products of this company are not only important in the local economy, but also in other markets globally. With the increasing globalizations taking place, this firm cannot afford to restrict its operations to the borders of this country.
This firm should be ready to explore other markets outside this country in order to increase its market share. With the liberalized market in Saudi Arabia, it is obvious that at any moment, there may be a very strong challenger in this industry. These firms should therefore be ready for this, by expanding its scope of operations to include the entire Middle East. This market will be easy to patronize because its characteristics are almost similar to that of the home market in Saudi Arabia.
Going to the Middle East will require a new approach to managements and operations of this firm. It is a fact that the Middle East market has close relationship with the market back in Saudi Arabia (Rickard 112). It is important however, to appreciate the fact that this firm will be getting into the territories of other firms in those countries.
Given that these new competitors are already established in these markets, STEP will have to define marketing strategies that will make its products attract a substantial market share in these regions. The firm can use a number of strategies, including pricing strategy, to attract the attention of the market in the new regions.
Research question Should step export its products to the Middle East region?
There is a very attractive market for STEP in the Middle East regions. The product it sells locally has an attractive market in this region. This research is therefore, trying to analyze the attractiveness of this firm exporting its products to the Middle East.
The Current Market for STEP
STEP is currently having its major operations in the Saudi market. In order to understand this market, a SWOT analysis would be appropriate.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It would help bring more insight to the opportunities and threats that this firm would face in the external environment. It would also help in understanding the strengths and weaknesses that the firm has.
Strength of this firm that would translate to increased profitability is a positive image in the market due to its environmental friendly projects. The world is increasingly becoming sensitive of the impact of various business units on the environment.
The concern is emanating from the fact that it has been confirmed beyond any reasonable doubt that various multinational companies are polluting the environment at a very dangerous rate (Travis 56). Various environmental conservation projects are expected to give this company a different image in the market.
This company has been seen as a firm that is smarter in its environmental strategy. The market will be convinced that this company is not just interested in making profits, but also turning the society into a better place.
The firm will easily attract additional customers who are determined to make a positive difference in their society. This is because they will view this firm as one that helps in conserving the environment. They will consider the purchase of the firm’s product as part of environmental conservation. As a result of this, the firm will develop a strong base of loyal customers.
The firm has a team of dedicated and qualified staff who are able to front all the interest of the firm both in the local and regional markets. This team also manages all the material resources that are allocated to them in order to achieve best results for the firm.
Despite the above strengths, this firm has some weakness. The first weakness that this firm has is the fact that it has not been able to maintain a base of loyal workforce. Although this firm is one of the most preferred employers of this country, it has also experienced a high rate of employee turnover per year (Shechter 113).
We will write a custom Research Paper on STEP Products Export on Middle Eastern Region: Research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When a firm is not able to retain its employees, it forces the firm to incur extra costs associated with education a new team of employees. This firm has also failed to come up with strategies to use the social media, which is one of the emerging trends. This may make this firm be outsmarted by others which are more sustaining to the emerging technologies.
The firm has a number of opportunities in the external environment. In the local market, this firm has managed to build a large base of loyal customers, especially in the cities of Riyadh and Jeddah. The government of Saudi Arabia has strongly appreciated the move of this firm to help improve the environment of this country, a fact that has earned it a large base of customers.
The Saudi government has maintained a very stable political environment. This means that the business environment is free from any political unrest that may disrupt normal business operations within the market. This has created a business environment that is very peaceful to various firms in the country.
The firm also enjoys an economic growth in this region that has increased the purchasing power of the consumers. This increased purchasing power has helped the firm to increase its operations to regions beyond its borders. The emerging technologies have also helped the firm in its operational strategies. The firm has adapted the emerging technologies in its operations, a fact that has helped it increase it efficiency.
This firm faces a number of threats in its operations. Threats may not be predictable in this industry, though the firm may try to reduce the possibility of occurrence. The first threat that this firm faces is price wars in the market. The strategy of the firm to charge lesser prices for its products, especially to those consumers who are considered as loyal customers may not pass unnoticed by the local firms.
There is a possibility that the competitors may consider this move as a strategy that this firm uses to charge cheap for their products. The impact of this is that the competitor may respond by equally lowering their prices in the market. Such price wars are always dangerous to the prosperity of a business.
The initiative may fail to make any serious sense. This firm also faces the threat from the emerging technologies. The emerging technologies are beneficial to the firm. However, they can pose serious challenge to the firm if the firm fails to select the appropriate technology to apply. Applying a wrong technology may cause serious negative consequences to the firm. Late application of the emerging technologies may also render such a firm less competitive in the market.
The Market in Middle East The Middle East region forms an expansive market that includes a number of countries. Of importance in this region is the United Arabs Emirates. This country, and specifically its city of Dubai, has become an international trading center, attracting people from all over the world. This city exports various products to the emerging markets, especially in Africa.
Not sure if you can write a paper on STEP Products Export on Middle Eastern Region: Research by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More With its products in the market, this firm can access international buyers for its variety of products. The companies in the region will also need the products of this firm. The plastic bags and other containers it manufactures will be important to other firms in this region. Getting organizational buyers for its products will hasten its expansion rates.
The market in the Middle East is not very different from that in Saudi Arabia. Most of these countries are Islamic countries. The challenges that this firm faces currently in the home market are the very challenges it may face in the Middle East. The SWOT analysis done above in the Saudi markets will apply in this market after this firm takes time to establish itself in this market.
Approaches STEP should Use to Enter Middle East Markets It is important for this firm to come up with proper approaches that it plans to use in the Middle East markets. The first approach that this firm should use in this market is awareness campaign in this new region. The products should be known in this new market. This firm should develop an awareness campaign similar to that when it is commercializing a new product in the market. The firm should organize an awareness campaign both for its brand, and for its individual products to run hand in hand
The firm should also be ready to both the mass media and the social media for marketing its products. Another approach that can help this firm is to develop a special niche for its products in this market. This firm should ensure that it creates a strategy that will make its products be considered as substitutes to other existing products other than direct competitors. This will reduce the level of competition that may come against its products in this market.
Possible Challenges STEP May Face in the Middle East Moving to the Middle East region will come with a number of challenges. The following are some of these challenges that STEP should be ready to face.
There will be new competitors in the international markets.
The costs of operating regionally will be higher than the current costs of operation in the local market.
The firm will have to understand the socio-economic and political environment of each country.
There will be increased taxation in these regional operations.
The firm will be forced to expand its logistic unit, and other units within the firm, which will be an extra cost to the firm.
Benefits of STEP Taking its Products to Middle East Markets There are some benefits that this firm may have by entering into this market. According to Martins (95), going to the international market always come with some obvious benefits. The following are some of the benefits that this firm will stand to benefit with its entry into this market.
Increased market for its products which will translate into increased sales hence increased profitability.
This expansion will help STEP spread its risks so that when they occur in one market, the effect does not become devastating.
This move will over it opportunity to patronize the world market with its products.
Middle East market will enable this firm expand its scope to global levels in management given the fact that it will be operating regionally.
Conclusion Since its inception in 1980s, STEP has always experienced growth within the Saudi economy. This firm has been able to expand its operations within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Although the firm has experienced a number of challenges, including threats from competitors and other challenges from other sectors, it has managed to overcome them with a lot of effort.
Currently, this firm is experiencing a massive growth in its capital base. The Saudi government has liberalized the Saudi market. This means that this firm can easily find a stronger competitor in the economy. It is therefore, very important that this firm expands its operations to go beyond the borders of this country.
The Middle East market is one of the most attractive markets that this firm can easily venture into. The management should come up with strategies that will help it enter these larger markets with its products. When doing this, the management should realize that the international market is different from the home market back in Saudi Arabia. It should be ready to face the dynamics that are present in the international market.
Works Cited Martins, Jeanette. Global Business Etiquette: A Guide to International Communication and Customs. Westport: Praeger, 2008. Print.
Rickard, Cat. Going Global: Managing the Hr Function Across Countries and Cultures. Farnham: Gower, 2009. Print.
Shechter, Relli. Smoking, Culture and Economy in the Middle East: The Egyptian Tobacco Market 1850-2000. London: Tauris, 2006. Print.
Travis, Thomas. Doing Business Anywhere: The Essential Guide to Going Global. Hoboken: John Wiley
Need for Good Leadership in Organizations Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
When Leadership has Impact Good leadership determines an organization’s stability when the storm hits. Besides, good leadership increases productivity in an organization (Bartel 71). Employees feel at ease to offer their skills and this maximizes their performance. Managers also have an easy time running companies that have good leadership styles. However, successful leadership does not seem automatically. Executives must adopt new interpersonal and administration styles to succeed in the swiftly changing environment.
Successful leaders are never rigid. They are always ready to allow flexibility when faced with scenarios that need different style of leadership. Some approaches applied by these leaders include leading from the front, taking keen interest on new factors, empowering employees approaching risky situations boldly (Ahmed 73). These approaches allow leaders to succeed in any situation.
Some personalities that have had successful leadership include Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Jack Stahl. Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft uses a participating style of leadership. This has enabled Microsoft to compete successfully with a popular brand like Windows.
Gates empowered his staff to innovate new products and processes because he had faith in the strength of innovation (Nayab par. 10).He designed the company as a podium for employees to develop their capabilities. Gates founded and supported a system that made sure placement of information was correct, since he understood the power of empowerment. This made people to make plans according to what was necessary.
Besides, he formed a digital platform, which linked technology, people and processes. This made distribution of information way easier. Generally, innovations by Gates fastened the process of responding to the rapidly transforming environment.
Steve Jobs is another leader who experienced much success at Apple. Steve used an autocratic form of leadership. Steve, unlike Gates, eliminated inept staff quite often (Nayab par. 15). Consequently, Windows is now a household product, while Apple Macintosh is dying, although it first had a lead over Windows (Nayab par. 15). The only product that has made Apple to enjoy success up to date is the I-Phone and related products that are yet to face challenge in the market.
One more leader who has had success in leadership is Jack Stahl. Stahl acted as an executive in Revlon from 2002 to 2006 and as the President of Coca-Cola from 1978 to 2000 (Nayab par. 2). Stahl is a leader who exploits situations to his advantage.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When Stahl was new in his profession, Ivester who was his mentor asked him to design a pamphlet for Coa-Cola’s public offer. Stahl assigned someone to complete the work for him without any oversights, but Ivester asked for a draft before the design was complete (Nayab par. 3).
Therefore, Ivester worked all night with Stahl to meet the deadline of the task, and after working with Ivester, Stahl learnt the secret of focusing on details in addition to having a high degree of oversight. From that time, Stahl trains his subordinates to pay attention to details as an efficient option to micro management to manage Coca Cola’s activities in the world.
The Future of Leadership The future of leadership lies in network distribution (Hamel 252). The aim of an organization will be to make excellent leadership networks that can join, or separate in reaction to various challenges. These systems will contain persons with diverse specialties and from different geographical backgrounds.
Also, organizations will make use of leadership programs so that people can realize that leadership does not involve job roles, but processes that take place among a net work of persons. Such processes entail clarifying rules, forming alignment and getting stakeholders’ commitment.
In addition, systems for creative development will have to augment the amount of ideas that they assemble through traversing the limits of leadership development society and joining with other partakers to come up with transformative solutions. Meetings that make leadership development persons to meet will resign to virtual networks, which link different groups like customers and suppliers, who have a stake in the process.
The great advancement for leadership transformation will be social networking systems that incessantly create new practices that will undergo entire distribution in the network, and not the fashioned processes. Young people are at ease with using social networking as a mode of linking with others and this denotes that they will easily embrace the idea of distributing leadership through a network.
This form of leadership will affect me directly because it means I will have to look for more creative ways to communicate to my subordinates across a network. For instance, when I need to communicate to my employees about a new product, I may not necessarily have to face them directly.
We will write a custom Essay on Need for Good Leadership in Organizations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Rather, I may just send them directions aligned with the goals of production through a net work. I will also ask them to seek for clarification through the same network. This way, I will be able to communicate to a vast number of employees across the region while at the same time, leaving a room for creative action. The aim of this process will also be to strengthen employees through a participatory approach.
Works Cited Ahmed, Pervaiz. Internal Marketing: Tools and Concepts for Customer-Focused Management. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2002. Print.
Bartel, Martin. We are Warriors: Insights to Personal Success. Mustang, Okla: Tate Pub, 2009. Print.
Hamel, Gary. The Future of Management. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press, 2007. Print.
Nayab, Neon. Five Real-World Examples of Successful Leadership. 4 Jul. 2011. Web. .
Form and Content: Leonardo Da Vinci cheap essay help
Leonardo Da Vinci’s ‘The Last Supper’ One of the main aspects of Renaissance paintings is the fact that most of them can be defined as perceptually realistic. That is, by being exposed to these paintings, observes recognize the three-dimensionality of depicted objects. The validity of this suggestion may be well illustrated in regards to Leonardo Da Vinci’s painting The Last Supper, which depicts Jesus Christ having a supper with his apostles, while knowing that he will be crucified the next day.
What accounts for the earlier mentioned qualitative subtlety of this particular painting is that, while working on it, Da Vinci took a practical advantage of the artistic technique of a linear perspective, which in turn explains the apparent realism of the actual image in question (Sayre 275).
For example, the left and right walls in the room are represented in such a manner, as if spatially extended; they would ‘converge’ at the horizon. This, of course, strengthens the painting’s illusion of a three-dimensional ‘in-depthness’ – hence, contributing to Da Vinci artwork’s life-likeness. The same can be said about the rectangularly shaped carpets (?) that hang on these walls.
The further they are situated from the observer’s viewpoint, the smaller they appear in size. Moreover, the fact that, just as it is being the case with walls, these carpets also seem to be visually receding towards the ‘vanishing point’, also emphasizes the concerned painting’s perceptual integrity.
The painting’s realness is accentuated even further by the fact that the elements of a landscape, seen through the window, also appear thoroughly consistent with the principle of a linear perspective, which stresses out that people always perceive remotely located objects, as being much smaller than the equally sized ones, located in the immediate vicinity (Grossberg 470).
Nevertheless, it would be inappropriate to suggest that the manner, in which Da Vinci went about deploying the earlier mentioned artistic technique, was solely concerned with the artist’s intention to make his painting representationally realistic. This is because; the aspects of this painting’s three-dimensionality also appear to convey a certain semantic message.
For example, it is not a pure coincidence that in the painting, Jesus is situated directly in front of the ‘vanishing point’. Apparently, Da Vinci wanted to make sure that, while exposed to The Last Supper, observers would be subtly prompted to think that, allegorically speaking, ‘all roads lead to Jesus’.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This also explains why Da Vinci made a deliberate point in using the image of a blue sky (seen through the window) as a background for the painting’s main character – by doing it, the artist strived to promote the idea that it is specifically the ‘kingdom of heaven, where Jesus truly belong.
Claude Monet’s ‘Waterlillies’ Even though that the deployment of a linear perspective is commonly justified in the realist/classical paintings that depict action (such as the one, analyzed earlier), the same cannot be said about the paintings that reflect upon the spatially ‘petrified’ surrounding reality through the lenses of what happened to be the artist’s emotional state – the so-called impressionist ones.
While striving to ensure the perceptual soundness of their artworks, impressionists instead resort to the utilization of the technique of an atmospheric perspective. This technique is being usually concerned with artists ‘playing with color’, as the mean of endowing their paintings with the appeal of a life-likeness (Hurwitz 68).
The legitimacy of this suggestion can be shown in relation to Claude Monet’s painting Waterlillies, which depicts waterlillies floating in the water (presumably, the surface of the lake).
Given the fact that there is no horizon to be seen in this particular painting, the artist was spared of an opportunity to ensure the depicted images’ three-dimensionality by the mean of adjusting their visual representation to be suggestive of where the ‘vanishing point’ actually is. Yet, there can be no doubts as to the fact that, while exposed to this painting, observers do perceive it as being representationally realistic.
This is because, as it can be seen in it, the blue color of water in the painting’s lower part appears much darker; as compared to what it is being the case with the color of water in the artwork’s upper part. The reason for this is apparent – according to the laws of physics, the sharper is the angle between the observer’s viewpoint and a particular sun-reflecting surface, the ‘lighter’ this surface would appear to the person in question.
Therefore, while standing in front of Waterlillies and observing it, people intuitively sense that this painting is perceptually adequate. After all, it would prove impossible to find even a single person who had not stood on the shore of a river/lake at least once in his or her life.
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Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution Essay college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
The Cultural Revolution
The Role of Leaders in the Revolution
Introduction Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution is a memoir written by Yuan Gao. This memoir captures events which surrounded the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) in China. This revolution has been a subject of many scholarly works especially in the political field. In this memoir, Gao presents the reality of life during this period. This article will discuss this memoir with a special inclination to the activities of the Red Guards.
Born Red Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution is a voluminous text authored by Yuan Gao based on experiences he went through during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution era in China. In over 300 pages, the author recounts the way of life during one of the most tumultuous times in the history of China.
With the fine details included in the memoir, it helps a reader to walk through the Chinese revolutionary era and witness the havoc that the revolution triggered by Mao Zedong had on the Chinese people. After reading through the memoir, William described it as “a voice that speaks to us of the human anguish of inhuman events” (Gao ix).
William further argued that the author is better placed to write an account of the revolution since he, the author, was a Red Guard in the Cultural Revolution. The author’s accounts are compelling and comparing them with what is known and written in political studies texts, the memoir is worth reading.
The Cultural Revolution The early years of the 1960s are seen as the years that necessitated the emergence of the Cultural Revolution (SPICE 1). The economy was terrible and the society was going through a hard time. Gao notes concerning the clothes they wore “we were in rags, and even our patches were patched” (9).
Food, an essential commodity, was costly. People resorted to sell what they had and used the cash they obtained to buy food, and as a result everything except food was affordable: “the cost of just about anything that was not edible went down” (Gao 10).
It is also worth noting that the Great Leap Attempt which Mao Zedong had initiated had failed (Freedman 1). The Rear Lake which Gao talks about is an indication of this failure (Gao 14). It seems that Mao Zedong was contemplating on what to do with this disaster that China was deep into.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He was particularly irritated by the fact that peasants, who formed the larger percentage of the population, were not being considered and were sidelined by the urban class population. He set to introduce a participatory society by opposing bourgeois ideologies.
The idea to oppose bourgeois ideologies was quickly absorbed by people as Gao illustrates all over the memoir: “her mother is under attack for teaching bourgeois music” (p. 79); “…proletarian factions could unite with one another, but not with bourgeois factions” (p. 335). In some cases, the situation was worse and people became afraid to express themselves openly because what one could say one day could somehow be connected with bourgeois ideologies the following day.
Avoiding public expression became the best way of evading being connected with bourgeois ideologies. Interpretation of what could be referred to as bourgeois was sometimes overstretched: Gao notes that even responding to some natural desires was considered bourgeois – “…falling in love at this early age is bourgeois and individualistic” (31).
Mao Zedong made a speech in 1966 that encouraged students to advance the revolution war (Gao 83). Reading through the memoir, one gets to know that the Red Guards were predominantly students. The chaos started at schools where by student punished those teachers they viewed to advocate ‘revisionism’: “They paraded Li and Shen around the campus, shoving and pushing the two teachers with almost every step” (Gao 53).
Many authors have spoken against the ideas the Mao Zedong. According to the BBC, Mao’s policies were always disastrous. The first policy Great Leap Forward failed terribly as depicted in the memoir and the second policy of Cultural Revolution was even more disastrous. The BBC notes that both policies left millions of people dead (BBC 1). Gao asserts these claims especially concerning the Cultural Revolution.
The Red Guards were responsible for the menace witnessed at this time; they blundered literary anything they wanted to as long as they could find a way of connecting it with revisionism. Gao notes that “the Red Guards received Mao’s personal blessing to continue their efforts to expose revisionism” (p. xviii). The Red Guards were responsible for torturing people they felt were enemies of Mao’s Cultural Revolution (Gao 233, 307, 307).
The Role of Leaders in the Revolution The leaders during the Cultural Revolution misled people and should receive a fair share of the blame for the chaos that took place. The People Daily was used for manipulative purpose by Mao. The newspaper called for “sweeping away all ox ghosts and snake spirits” (Gao 50). This call turned students to be rude.
We will write a custom Essay on Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They did unbelievable things like gang raping their teachers (Gao 313). They also targeted teachers for punishment based on very stupid excuses, for instance, teacher Wen was a target because her mother has contracted syphilis (Gao 48). Being associated with foreigner was also bad even if the foreigner was a parent. This was the case of Leng, his father was an American, who was accused of supporting American ideologies (Gao 45).
The Red Guards did not just target and accuse people they did not like. They interrogated, tortured, and thoroughly humiliated them. Teachers were especially mercilessly messed up. Teacher Li was beaten up (Gao 335), vice principle Lin Sheng was shaved and ended committing suicide due to the humiliating moments he went through (Gao 53), teacher Guo Pei was beaten and marched in public (Gao 72), teacher Chen died under heavy beatings. The Red Guards were the prosecutors as well as the juries and executors.
The leaders were aware that this kind of mess was going on but never did anything to correct it. This is the more reason why I am of the opinion that Mao Zedong was using the Red Guard to stabilize his powers over the nation. Any rational person knows that this kind of mess is just a drawback to any nation.
Total Brainwashing Mao Zedong’s thoughts were to create a society free of classes. The Red Guards bought this idea and assumed that all their struggles were due to elite in the society. It is worth noting that in the early 1960s, there was a great distress in China with people lacking enough to eat – as already noted above.
As depicted by Gao, I am of the opinion that Mao brainwashed the youth into believing that their troubles were due to the few privileged people in the society. Because the Red Guards were significantly composed of student, the easily accessible privileged class was that of the teachers.
The Red Guards factions often fought against each other (Gao 224). One of the factions took over a local hospital. At this point the Red Guards were not controllable. They were thieves of public property and anything that came their way. It is interesting to think about how they viewed Mao’s thoughts.
For instance, Mao advocated and encouraged the youth to destroy the four olds. Noting some of the actions which the Red Guards undertook in destroying the four olds becomes a matter of great laughter. For instance, consider changing traffic rules such that vehicles stop at green lights (Gao 119).
Based on the accounts of Gao on what the Red Guards did, as they were encouraged by Mao Zedong, the only rational explanation to this behavior is that they were totally brainwashed. A point worth noting is that teenagers tend to be rebellious. They are immature by almost all standards except maybe by body size.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Stahn, some of the typical characteristics of teenagers are “near sighted, chaotic internally, volatile, know-it-all, experimenting, narrow mindedness, energetic, black and white thinking, abstract thinking, pseudo-stupidity” (1). Giving power to a person with such characters is not just a big mistake but also suicidal.
The Red Guards, significantly composed of teenagers, were dominantly tasked with doing away with the old fours. The manner in which this was implemented show a total lack of understanding on what was meant by Mao. It may also be viewed that Mao left it to the Red Guards to do what they wanted in fighting the four olds. In either case, Mao did not seem to be concerned that his directives were being undertaken by people who had no experience in implementation of ideologies.
With the experimenting nature of teenagers coupled with their pseudo-stupidity and know-it-all attitude, they are clearly the worst implementers of any policy. To make the matter worse, it becomes dangerous when there are no rules and guidelines to be followed. No wonder Gao argues that public expression was dangerous because a statement could be interpreted in any manner to align it with the intentions of the Red Guards.
Gao helps us to understand the true nature of Mao Zedong. It cannot be claimed that he was not aware of the overstretching of the ideology of eradicating the four olds in the hands of the Red Guards. It is clear that this activity messed up the whole system of China. The different factions of the Red Guards were not coordinated and every group did what they thought was right (Cultural Revolution 1).
What the Red Guards did, as described in Gao’s memoir, was plundering the public. By any means it cannot be considered revolutionary. It was a path to releasing anger and frustration and directing the same to the elite in the society. This was a strategy that Mao had used previously through the land reforms by passing the Agrarian Reform Law.
Instead of fostering reconciliation talks, Mao charged the peasants to take over land from landlords and execute them for evils they (landlords) had committed. According to History Learning Site, over one million people were executed in this manner (1). It is therefore correct to argue that this was the way of Mao; this time he was using the Red Guards.
Conclusion Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution is a recount of Gao’s time as a Red Guard. The author covers the flow of events chronologically showing how events flowed from one to another. The memoir basically shows the powerful forces at work during the Cultural Revolution.
By narrating the everyday occurrences of that time, the author makes it possible for a reader to walk through the Cultural Revolution and understand the effects it had on the nation. The memoir begins at a time when the China was in distress. The Great Leap Forward initiative had just failed and what remained behind were skeletons of the project such as Rear Lake that Gao talks about.
Mao intentionally went for students to stabilize his political power. In this article, it is assumed that he did this intentionally in order to harness the power of the teenagers and manipulate it easily as he wished. Teenagers all over the country turned themselves into Red Guards and did what they thought Mao could have wished them to do. In such a free will manner without guidelines, the Red Guards set the rules and enforced them as they saw them fit.
Of particular concern was the manner in which they uprooted what they considered to be elements of the four olds, bourgeois ideals and social classes. This process left the country in ruins. It is worth pointing out that the teenagers who were advancing Cultural Revolution was inexperienced in matters of policy and undertook what appealed to their feeling and emotions.
Works Cited BBC. Mao Zedong. BBC, 2012. Web.
Cultural Revolution. Not Cultural, Not a Revolution. My Own Little World, 2004. Web.
Freedman, Amy. China’s Cultural Revolution. Franklin and Marshal College, 2010. Web.
Gao, Yuan. Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution. California: Stanford University Press, 1987. Print.
History Learning Site. China 1949 to 1953. History Learning Site, 2013. Web.
SPICE. Introduction to the Cultural Revolution. SPICE Digest, 2001. Web.
Stahn, Bob. Typical Characteristics of Teenagers. Well Spring Counseling. Web.
Influence of the Consumption Phenomenon on Japan’s Social Culture Essay essay help online: essay help online
Summary According to culture sociology, consumption study has become the most commonly studied branch. The phenomenon can be elaborated through the present globalized society’s developments. Currently, people regard material values since they consider them as the most vital. Consequently, this has contributed to the emergence of novel consumption philosophies.
Japan’s social culture has been influenced greatly by the consumption phenomenon. Japan is recognized as the initial non- western country which underwent industrialization successfully without colonization from any other nation.
Irrespective of the natural disasters that Japan undergoes through, it is identified as the 2nd world economics. The consuming ideology’s success is because of the country’s social peculiarities. Status competition is considered an extremely influential variable which affects Japan’s consumption culture.
Analysis It is worth noting that in Japan, consumer philosophy’s expansion can be attributed to several factors. These include the history of economic and political development in the country, the society’s stratification and cultural concepts.
The present society in Japan is founded on the concepts of bettering the welfare of people. This has been achievable because of the constant material enrichment. Another vital aspect that is worth noting is that the Japanese society is exceptional in because of the presence of consumption researchers.
The country’s development history elaborates this succinctly. The political direction that Japan took after the Second World War, the rapid industrialization, and the expanding economy course led to the formation of a society that was consumer- oriented. This occurred within only several decades.
Japan has been experiencing solid economic development because of how consumption is portrayed in the nation. Japanese people consider the consumption philosophy as their way of life. This is because many people reside in urban areas, and the nation experiences mind attacks from advertising companies and the mass media constantly. The country has a huge population of 128 million people. This is another factor that is attributable to the solid economic development.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People in Japan lead a lifestyle that has accelerated material possession acquisition. People from every social category are actively involved in contributing to consumption sociology in the country. Status competition in Japan can be explained through a sophisticated social hierarchy organization. Moreover, representatives from various social layers enhance their status through the purchasing culture.
The Japanese culture has led to constant consumption levels’ growth. The constant consumption growth can be attributed to several factors. These include the strategies for guarding and creating social networks, and the manner in which objects circulate within the social networks.
People’s self- status is as a result of material culture. Arguing from this basis, people always have a self- drive to purchase more. This enables them to safeguard social positions, as well as the membership within particular social layer representatives.
The Japanese people possess a high self- importance sense. Furthermore, it is closely linked to the body’s culture. Normally, people do their best so that others notice their membership in social groups. This is achieved through assessing the appearance. Hence, there is need to consider the consumer proactive notions in the fashion and beauty industry.
Japan’s consumption patterns are also associated with urban sociology. The key Japanese culture part is the regular material possession acquisition and enrichment. In essence, consumption is the key core and form of the cities’ mass culture. Moreover, it is the instrument for founding social organizations and groups in the urban territories.
The Principles of Operant Conditioning Essay online essay help
Table of Contents Description of a Restaurant
Comments and Reflections
Describe Any Examples of Generalization or Discrimination
Description of a Restaurant To conduct the observation and examine the relations between parents and children according to the principles of operant conditioning, one of the McDonald’s restaurants was chosen. The observation was conducted on February 28, 2013. The time of the dinner was selected to have the opportunity to observe as many parents with children as possible.
The fast food restaurant has the large dining area which is divided into several blocks. To observe adults and children during their interactions, the most open area in the dining hall was chosen. It was also possible to see the cash register from the place for observing the subjects.
Three Observations Positive reinforcement for desired behaviors. I observed the young Caucasian mother with the five or six years old daughter who were dining at the table in the corner of the restaurant. The girl hesitated whether to drink or not the portion of the milk cocktail. The mother said that they had already paid for the cocktail. The girl decided to drink the whole portion of the cocktail. The mother encouraged the desired behavior with a smile and a praise, stating that her daughter was a good girl, and it was really better to drink and eat the whole portions ordered.
Positive punishment for undesired behaviors. The Caucasian father in his thirties and a schoolboy (8-9 years old) were observed. The father and his son were standing at the cash register. The boy was capricious and asked the father to buy the big portion of ice-cream instead of a small one. The man did not pay attention to the boy’s words. The boy started to ask louder. The father asked the boy to be calm. The boy decided to cry louder to draw the father’s attention. The father reacted rather angrily and almost shouted at the boy, paying attention to the boy’s inappropriate behaviour and impossibility to buy the large portion of the ice-cream. The boy was offended, but he stopped crying and asking for the ice-cream.
Negative punishment for undesired behaviors. The family consisting of a young Asian mother and two girls was observed. The girls were five or six years old. The family was dining. One girl ate well and did not look aside. However, the other girl was involving in playing with a doll, and paid less attention to eating. When the first girl ate the portion and continued to speak with the mother, the other girl stopped to eat because of playing with the doll. The mother noted that the girl’s behaviour was inappropriate and decided to take the doll away to provide the girl with the opportunity to eat her dinner.
Comments and Reflections According to the example of the positive reinforcement for the desired behavior, the mother did not misuse the positive reinforcer to accentuate the daughter’s appropriate behaviour.
It is possible to speak about the further repeats of the discussed behaviour to be encouraged by the mother’s praise because it is one of the easiest but rather emotional variant of reinforcement. Basing on the further observation, I also focused on the mother’s usage of discrimination while reinforcing the daughter.
Discussing the example of the positive punishment for the undesired behavior, I can state that the father did not fail to operate the principle, but he misused it because the extremely aggressive reaction as the form of punishment could provoke the boy’s being scared or even the repetition of the undesired behaviour instead of stopping it. In spite of the positive results of the punishment, it cannot be considered as appropriate for the situation under discussion.
The mother of two girls depicted in the third example used the negative punishment for the undesired behavior effectively because the reaction of the daughter to the punishment was the immediate stop of the negative action. The undesired behaviour was the play with a doll while eating, and it was stopped when the stimulus in the form of the doll was taken away. Thus, the principle of operant conditioning was used successfully.
Describe Any Examples of Generalization or Discrimination Paying attention to the behaviours of the parents in relation to their children, I could not observe the examples of generalization when persons provide the same response to some similar stimuli.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, I observed the example of discrimination when the desired behavior and the desired response were associated with the reinforced stimulus (Coon and Mitterer 247). Thus, the girl depicted in the first example is inclined to react to the stimulus provided only by her mother because she is reinforced with a smile or a praise.
I observed that the girl was reinforced to use a napkin when it was necessary because her mother paid attention to her appropriate or positive behaviour. Nevertheless, the other behaviours which could not be discussed as necessary or positive were ignored. Therefore, it is possible to state that the mother developed the situation of discrimination.
Works Cited Coon, Dennis, and John Mitterer. Psychology: A Journey. USA: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
Disagreements in Science Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction Human interaction has been engaged in conflicts historically. For every opinion or issues that affect humans, there is more than one opinion about it. Some of the conflicts have led to devastating and adverse effects such as war and loss of lives. The contradicting interests and points of view will continue to be part of human life. However, what remains mostly not evaluated are the benefits that disagreements have had. One field that largely benefits from these disagreements is the field of science.
Ways in which disagreements aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences Disagreement is a salient concept in natural science. Without dispute, it will be hard to have progress. In any endeavor or study regarding natural sciences, there is a criterion or a scientific method. The criterion includes a method of observation, the creation of a hypothesis, the undertaking of experiments, and the formulation of law follows.
The formulated law is what gathers into a theory. In natural sciences, a law should be controllable, measurable, and repeatable. Karl Popper’s idea of falsification can be used to show the salience of disagreements in the pursuit of knowledge as far as natural sciences are concerned. The forgery is a concept that states that, after the formulation of a theory, scientists should endeavor to prove that theory to be wrong.
The theory then becomes accurate and robust as uncertainties are debunked and refuted through a scientific process. In this case, scientists, like all human beings, have their limited points of view and bias that make them unaware of their errors. However, after disagreements and evaluation by other authors, there is sharing and thus furthering of scientific knowledge (Martin, 36).
Scientific inquiry is an essential concept in the natural and human sciences. However, it cannot take place in the absence of disagreement. Scientific inquiry can be traced in all the major paradigm shifts that have been witnessed in the field of science. The purpose of scientific inquiry is to explain phenomena.
This is achieved by getting to know explanations that can be tested and made into a pattern that will predict the results of future research. Charles Sanders Peirce is one of the scholars who contributed to this debate in the 19th century. Charles redefined what the pursuit of truth and knowledge entails.
The redefinition of those concepts helped bring a comprehensive definition of the idea of scientific disagreement, which had previously been defined in verbal rhetoric. Pierce went on and presented his hypothesis on the four methods that are involved in the settling of disagreements or the building of consensus. The four methods include the methods of tenacity, authority, congruity, and the scientific method (Kelly 631).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To look at the scientific method, we should note that a paradigm shift can only occur if refutations and conjectures have been used to falsify a hitherto acknowledged and accepted the statement, theory of hypothesis. Inference in this context refers to an observational data that disagrees with the concept, or idea that is undergoing tests.
On the other hand, refutations are attempts aimed at solving the dilemma associated with the gray areas in any inventions. Refutations show that it is much easier to prove a theory or an idea to be incorrect than it is to show that it is correct. For a theory to be acknowledged as a law, one should prove beyond a reasonable doubt that no single refutation or conjecture disproves such a law.
This means that it is not easy to do these tests given the scenarios that can be tested are countless. This is not the case in falsification, which only requires one counterexample and the law can then be said to have been falsified effectively. A distinct characteristic of human and social sciences is that their progress does not occur gradually. In this case, there is a series of the revolutionary invention or a paradigm shift that debunk beliefs and notions that have hitherto been regarded to be true.
An excellent example of natural health can be found in the case of marijuana. There has been a series of radical changes in terms of scientific knowledge of this drug. In the 1900s, the drug was used and even allowed under US law as a recreational drug.
Later, in the 1920s the US government started testing marijuana on humans to establish if the drug could be categorized as a habit-forming drug.
It was also meant to determine whether the drug could induce sanity among human beings. This was a paradigm shift. Later in 1937, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics collaborated with Congress in categorizing marijuana as a recreational and hazardous narcotic that had the potential to cause several mental illnesses.
In the 1990s, many psychologists led by Thomas F. Denton introduced another paradigm shift as far as the knowledge on the medicinal value of the marijuana is concerned. They began noticing that cannabis could be tremendously instrumental in the treatment of many mental disorders. The revelation of this concept has provoked debate and disagreement among researchers in the field of medical cannabis.
We will write a custom Essay on Disagreements in Science specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Those who seek to dispute this revelation have argued that the tenacity of the methods used and their authority is not guaranteed. In this regard, marijuana remains an illegal drug and is considered harmful as far as the federal government is concerned. This line of argument stems from the fact that the critics cannot dispute the positive effects that marijuana has been found to have on patients (Yan 378).
The timing of falsification is an essential factor. Another critical factor is the amount of evidence that is needed to falsify a theory or a hypothesis effectively. One example that can be used to explain this concept is the controversy that continues to dodge genetically modified foods.
There has been disagreement about the effects that genetically modified food has on human health. Genetic modification of food is the process of altering the DNA of an organic plant. This leads to a new breed that possesses traits that the organic plant did not have.
The GM foods are then made adaptable and easy to produce, which means that corporations prefer producing GM foods to increase their profit margins through the reduction of the cost of production. There has been no evidence of a credible publication to show that GM foods have adverse effects on human health. However, this does not mean that there has been no hypothesizes to this effect.
Several scientists continue to hypothesize on the adverse health effects of GM foods. However, the counter-argument has been that there is not enough evidence to show any harmful effects on human health as a result of the consumption of GM foods. In this case, whenever the scientific methods are applied, the results have shown that GM foods are potentially hazardous. However, this does not qualify as a paradigm shift given that the evidence has not shown GM foods to be dangerous (Berland
Brokerage Firms in Saudi Arabia and Their Role in Financial market Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Saudi Stock Market
Bakheet Investment Group (BIG)
Brokerage trends in Saudi Arabia
Introduction Saudi Arabia’s financial market is characterized by an endless list of brokerage firms, which actively participate in financial activities in the country.
These firms have played a key role in not only shaping the Saudi Arabian Financial market, but also contributed to the growth of the country’s economy. Importantly, brokerage firms in Saudi Arabia have continued to experience varying performance rates, based on a host of factors, ranging from inflation to government regulation.
This research paper explores brokerage firms in Saudi Arabia with regard to their performance witnessed before and after 2006. Additionally, the paper will discuss Bakheet Investment Group (BIG) in the context of its role in the brokerage market and how it has performed since the market experienced a surge in mid 2000s.
Saudi Stock Market The market is considered to be the largest in the Arab World. From 2005 financial records, the market registered a capitalization value of US$650 billion, a 111% increase from the 2004 value. The Saudi Arabia Market Authority, which was opened in the year 1990, freed the market for foreign investors in 1997.
It is important to note that the market has experienced increased public interest and participation in recent economic boom years (Hertog 28). As a result, financial investment strategies like bonds, initial public offers, mutual funds and stocks have become common in the country.
Additionally, the role of technology and internet remains evident in the financial market since SAMA’s launch of Tadawul in 2001. This is an online tool that allows the access and trading of stocks through the internet. Besides this, the market has been streamlined by the formation of the Capital Law of 2003, which oversees all market activities in Saudis Stock Exchange.
In the understanding of Saudis financial market, it is important to appreciate the fact that the sharp decline witnessed in 2006 after several consecutive years of good performance, affected several sections of the economy including the brokerage industry (Oxford Business Group 73). This was a wake-up call to the government and other private investors to be aware of such possibilities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bakheet Investment Group (BIG) BIG was previously known as Bakheet Financial Advisors and is a closed joint stock company, operating in Saudi Arabia. It’s legality to operate in the financial market is certified by the Capital Market Authority. It is involved in custody, asset advisory and asset management (Bakheet).
BIG aims at becoming the leading Saudi Equity Asset Management Firm. This dream has continued to drive its performance and the desire to achieve higher results than other players in the field. The company has been in operation for more than a decade, having been established in1994.
In 1995, BIG made history in the country by advising the first open-ended mutual fund. Importantly, the year 2006 saw BFA acquired as a private joint stock company with a value of USD16 million. In addition, the company is recognized among firms that were first licensed by the regulator and obtained advisory, management and custody licenses in early 2003 (Bakheet).
Among other services, BIG is actively involved in serving its clients with a wide range of information that is necessary. Through an impartial and transparent system, the company identifies stocks for a given company based on detailed synthesis of basic fundamentals. Moreover, the company has a well nurtured track record, spanning over ten years in active business participation (Bakheet).
As a result, BIG is credited for serving as a fund manager advisor to a host of mutual funds, covering local and international markets. By the fact that most of these funds were successful, BIG was compelled to establish its own funds to serve trusted customers.
For BIG to thrive in such a competitive financial world, it must have had a strong foundation that has enabled it to outshine its rivals. For over twelve years, BIG has concentrated on developing its team of professionals, which focuses on major concerns of the company like management of assets, research and equity management in Saudi Arabia (Bakheet).
Additionally, the company has built a stable and distinct financial propriety database, which turned out to become its major tool in advancing its agenda in Saudis financial market. In its long-term strategies, BIG is determined to continuously offer its professional support to the investment community through regular analysis of the market. This is viewed by the management as its principal goal in advancing awareness level throughout the investors’ community in the country.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Brokerage Firms in Saudi Arabia and Their Role in Financial market specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Based on the sentiments echoed by the company’s leadership such as Khalid AlSaeed, it is doubtless that BIG has a bigger target and vision compared to what it has done before, since its birth in 1994. Khalid noted that the company was at its initial stage of initiating a more advanced funds program to cater for the needs of ever-increasing number of customers in the country (Bakheet).
In so doing, the fund is equally committed towards improving value-added services and products by outshining main performers and competitors in the market with its reduced degree of risk. Besides this ambitious objective conceived by the management, BIG values its investments in the country’s equity market. To compete favorably, it is aware of the impact of the fees charged for service delivery (Bakheet).
Through Khalid AlSaeed, the company believes that 1.5% fee charged annually is quite competitive compared to the fees charged by different funds. This is the only known fee as clients are excluded from a subscription fee (Bakheet). The aspect of daily valuation adopted by the company is quite beneficial and attractive since it gives its subscribers daily chances of either redemption or subscription.
Above all, the success of BIG’s fund is attributed to its adherence to Sharia law and supervision. This ensures that standards and practices of the company fall within the definitive boundaries of the country’s supreme law.
The cost of launching the fund stands at SAR 1 per unit, payable during subscription time alone. The eligibility of the fund recognizes all Saudi residents and citizens together with all GCC citizens (Ramady 149). Lastly, it is essential to note that the company’s management committee agreed on SAR 100,000 as minimum subscription fee for first-timers (Bakheet).
Brokerage trends in Saudi Arabia The performance of brokerage firms for the last decade can be used to establish some of the problems facing these companies. This trend has been influenced by a host of factors as discussed below.
Before 2006, most brokerage firms in Saudi Arabia were performing well; they registered high subscription from clients, who were willing invest (Trading Economics). This was attributed to a number of factors. The first was stable economic growth that the country was experiencing, emanating from government support in taming inflation and attractive oil prices for export.
This meant that most people had “spare” or “idle” money that was readily available for investing in the brokerage market (Oxford Business Group 73). By the fact that food, housing and other basic needs were affordable, citizens were easily convinced to invest in the brokerage market; they had hope in the future of the firms based on the economic performance at the moment. The graph below illustrates market trend before 2006:
Not sure if you can write a paper on Brokerage Firms in Saudi Arabia and Their Role in Financial market by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, after 2006, the booming business in the brokerage market diminished significantly. Most firms registered a down turn performance, with inevitable loses. During this time, the inflation rate of the country was not as low as in the previous period. Additionally, consumer prices rose by 1.1%, which meant that most citizens were willing to spend on essential products than investing with brokerage firms (Trading Economics).
This was evident through low subscription from the public. Furthermore, 2006 was getting closer to 2007, the time when the world was hit by a financial crisis. The down turn performance of these firms can be attributed to the early effects of the crisis as citizens lost the hope to invest (Ramady 149). The graph below illustrates market trend after 2006:
Between 2008 and 2010, the market dwelt in the stagnation phase, in which no profit was made by these brokerage firms as others opted to pull out of the business. This was the peak of the global financial crisis, which attracted severe effects to almost every economy in the world.
The most hit sector was finance as governments initiated programs to mitigate the effects of the crisis, which were looming (Ramady 149). Due to this, prices of consumable products were too high that people lacked the cash and trust to invest in the brokerage industry. Besides inflation, which was triggered by global economic crisis, regulations and rules significantly affected the sector.
Saudis Capital Market Legislation gives guidance in the entire financial market. In other words, it defines the terms under which business has to be done, depending on existing circumstances like economic growth and inflation (Ramady 149). By the fact the country was counteracting financial effects of the crisis, there was need to tighten some clauses within the financial market.
Restrictions on the mode of operating, high taxes and lack of enough support for the firms, worked against their good performance. The Saudi Market Authorities also moved in to regulate fees charged by brokerage firms. The regulations also limited the opportunities for foreign investors to explore the Saudi market at the peak of the Global Financial Crisis (Ramady 149).
Despite the existence of new rules that were introduced by authorities, they were not strong enough to win the trust of investors; they lost hope in both brokerage firms and the entire financial market. As a result, some of the firms pulled out of the market due to stringent and unfavorable rules and conditions that were being precipitated by the financial crisis around the world.
Like other countries around the world, Saudi Arabia managed to tame the effects of the crisis through regulation of market as a way of guarding against external and internal loopholes that may have exposed the country to detrimental financial effects (AME Info). This renewed the hope of citizens, who got convinced that the market was getting better and safe for investments.
Consequently, a number of firms have reestablished to serve hopeful citizens in the market. With manageable levels of inflation and affordable consumer prices, there is hope for Saudis brokerage firms (Hertog 28). From the above analysis, it is clear that brokerage firms have experienced a series of challenges in the last decade, which immensely affected their overall performance.
Works Cited AME Info. “Saudi Arabia: Economic boom set to continue.” AME Info, 2006. Web.
Bakheet. “Bakheet Saudi Trading Equity Fund.” Bakheet Investment Group, 2007. Web.
Hertog, Steffen. Princes, brokers, and bureaucrats: oil and the state in Saudi Arabia. New York, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010. Print.
Oxford Business Group. The report: Emerging Saudi Arabia. London: Oxford Business Group, 2010. Print.
Ramady, Mohamed. The Saudi Arabian Economy: Policies, Achievements, and Challenges. New York, NY: Springer. Print.
Trading Economics. “Saudi Arabia Stock Market.” Trading Economics, 2012. Web.
Does Cinematography Leave no Place for Imagination? Essay argumentative essay help
Table of Contents The Novel and the Best Film Version
Particular Images Help Children to Create Their Worlds
Things Lewis Left Uncovered
Hints or Particular Information
The Novel and the Best Film Version The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is one of the most famous and most loved fantasy novels for children all over the world. The book reveals the magnificent and fabulous world of magic creatures struggling for their future. There have been various screen adaptations of the famous novel.
However, The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005) is one of the most majestic versions. It is possible to state that it portrays the world described by C.S. Lewis. The filmmakers managed to reveal the specific atmosphere of the brilliant world.
Admittedly, there are some discrepancies as there can hardly be a film version that totally coincides with its literary ‘ancestor’. Nonetheless, it is necessary to admit that the film is a high-quality version that focuses on the same ideas and highlights the major points.
However, it is also necessary to note that the film has certain downsides. The novel leaves a lot of space for children’s imagination. Thus, the author does not highlight some events giving children the opportunity to co-create the story. As far as the film version is concerned, the filmmakers left little space for children to imagine or co-create. At least some people think so. Therefore, some may claim that the film leaves no place for imagination.
Though, it is also important to pay attention to another point. The film reveals the story in detail, but it excites children’s imagination and encourages them to create their own stories. So, should children read the book or rather watch the film? It is important to find out whether the film ‘kills’ children’s creativity or, vice versa, inspires them to use their imagination.
Particular Images Help Children to Create Their Worlds Admittedly, children love books with pictures. They want to see images which help them to recreate the story in their heads. Some authors provide detailed descriptions of the characters. However, Lewis gives no particular description of the major characters only noting that Lucy “was the youngest” and Edmund “was the next youngest” (3-4). The reader needs to picture the main characters somehow. Apparently, the author’s description is not enough.
When it comes to the film, the viewers see the characters and the magic world. Of course, some may claim that children are forced to see the world in the way the filmmakers see it. Nonetheless, after watching the films, the viewers can still find lots of ways to discover new places in Narnia, places which are not revealed in the film.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Besides, the film cannot possibly cover all the events highlighted in the book. Therefore, children can use some images (modified by their own imagination) to picture events they read about. Thus, the film is a kind of visual aids which can be used while (or rather before) reading the book by Lewis.
Things Lewis Left Uncovered Some of the most unforgettable events in the book as well as the film are battles. Lewis depicted a lot of battles in detail. Perhaps, this is one of the reasons why the book has become so successful. However, the author also left many things aside. For instance, the writer portrays the final battle when Aslan joins Peter’s army (Lewis 178).
The writer only hints that Peter’s army was in a very difficult and dangerous position. The rest is left to the reader’s imagination. The reader is free to picture the beginning of the battle which was tragic, glorious, breathtaking, etc.
However, the film reveals all the details of the battle. The entire battle was recreated by the filmmakers (The Chronicles of Narnia). It is a really majestic scene which is inspired by the novel itself. However, some may claim that the detailed depiction of the battle deprives the readers of possibility to recreate it using their imagination.
Nonetheless, these claims are rather wrongful. The film provides the viewer with a specific sketch to be used while reading the book, or any other fantasy book. Children can modify the battle scene provided by the filmmakers to create their own battlefields.
Hints or Particular Information It may also seem that the filmmakers changed the plot slightly when it comes to their life in the Professor’s house. The author did not mention that professor knew about the magic world, whereas in the film it is obvious that the professor was there at least once.
Some may say that the filmmakers leave no room for any kind of intrigue. Nonetheless, it is clear that the filmmakers encourage the viewers to imagine the world the professor had discovered many years before the four children found it. The viewer is left to imagine the professor’s adventures in the beautiful magic world.
We will write a custom Essay on Does Cinematography Leave no Place for Imagination? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion To sum up, it is possible to state that the film and the book create a majestic world that inspires children to travel across their own imaginary kingdoms.
Though, the book provides more details and seemingly deprives children from the opportunity to use their imagination, it is obvious that the book encourages children’s desire to discover new worlds and picture numerous uncovered adventures. The 2005 film is one of the best adaptations of the book as it is a bright illustration of the novel that has made children travel their own magic worlds.
Works Cited Lewis, Clive Staples. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, New York, NY: HarperCollins, 2000. Print.
The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, Witch and the Wardrobe. Ex. Prod. Andrew Adamson and David Minkowski. Burbank, CA: Buena Vista Home Entertainment / Disney. 2005. DVD.
Physical Therapy in Canada and Thai Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Role of Physiotherapist
System and Treatment in Canada and Thai
Workers, Billing and Salaries
Physiotherapy and workers’ Salaries
Thai massage and physiotherapy
Introduction Physical therapy is a form of healthcare which basically deals with remediation of disabilities and impairments. This therapy involves the promotion of quality life, good body function, body movement potential by examination, evaluation, diagnosis and finally intervention by the right specialist.
Professionals who perform these jobs are called physiotherapist and they focus more on injury and treatment. Physiotherapy is a long term treatment method that is done alongside other existing methods of treatment. This is because injuries are part of human life that cannot be escaped since no one has ever learnt the best way to keep off accidents and succeeded.
Role of Physiotherapist A physiotherapist’s role applies to the health field. He or she is supposed to treat and help people from all works of life that could have ageing, illness or accident related cases. Promotion of good health, treatment, healthcare prevention and rehabilitation are all part and parcel of physiotherapy package. In the current world, a need of physiotherapist in schools, industries, private sector and also sport
Analysis of Little Things are Big by Jesus Colon and Thank You M’am by Langston Hughes Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Common Themes in the Two Stories
Introduction Social relations are often premised on the interaction that usually has adverse outcomes, or even leading to different types of conflicts. Social conflicts and problems are regularly exposed in the literature to undermine the importance of favoring a positive social environment and encouraging effective decision-making. The essay shall analyze the power of social prejudices on the basis of the analysis of “Little things Are Big” by Jesus Colon and “Thank You Ma’am” by Langston Hughes.
Common Themes in the Two Stories The two short stories represent social challenges that the heroes should overcome to understand the problem and define how it can be solved. In this respect, both works represent three types of confrontation – individual, relational, and societal.
In the narrations under the analysis, there is an explicit confrontation of the heroes with their selves. Hence, the first story by Hughes narrates the story where the boy Rogers fights with his desire to steal the purse because he wants to buy the blue suede shoes.
At the same time, he realizes that stealing is not the only way to get what he wants. As the plot develops, while fighting between the two edges, the character realizes that his behavior is disruptive and will not help him achieve his goals. A similar fight occurs in the hero of Colon’s story. According to “Little Things Are Big” summary, he is a Puerto Rican and tries to fit the existing stereotypes of the ethnic group.
At the same time, he is also obsessed with the existence of racial differences with people, which limits his outlook on social interaction with people. Being focused on his ethnic affiliation, the hero expresses his extreme hesitations, whether he should help a woman in her early twenties or not. By convincing himself about the prejudicial attitudes of the woman, he fails to assist the woman.
Both stories by the two writers also represent interpersonal conflicts revealing the meaning of relationship and interaction between people with different social and cultural backgrounds. Hence, the boy has no one to look after him, which results in inappropriate social behavior. Lack of communication and proper upbringing that lead the main character to outlaw actions against society.
The woman tries to teach him how to behave in society and, as a result, she distributes roles by considering a boy her son and herself his mother: “You ought to be my son. I would teach you right from wrong” (Hughes 71).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In such a way, she tries to meet the existing social norms. Moreover, from the “Little Things Are Big” analysis it is clear that roles distribution is also presented in the Colon’s stories when the main hero starts defining the social status by the color of skin: “How could I, a black and a Puerto Rican, approach this lady?” (Colon 116). Looking from these perspectives, both heroes were fully aware of the social constraints but lacked sufficient understanding of social norms.
Lack of social awareness and cross-cultural understanding is revealed through the conflict between the self and society, as represented in both short stories. Hence, the main hero of Hughes’s story is placed within the social setting where the main hero is deprived of care and responsibilities.
As is clear from the Langston Hughes’ “Thank you M’am” analysis, the main character does not understand his faults and believes that his behavior is the only way to achieve his purposes. At the same time, Mrs. Jones attempts to fulfill the role of the mother because she lives in a socially isolated setting. Similarly, Colon’s hero follows social stereotypes, which prevents him from fulfilling social obligations.
Conclusion In conclusion, comparative analysis of “Thank you Ma’am” by Hughes and “Little Things Are Big” by Colon shows that both stories represent how social vices affect human relationships. Lack of social awareness and impossibility to conform to societal norms prevents the characters from making decisions. At the same time, the short stories provide a moral lesson for people and teach them to behave following the ethical and moral codes.
Works Cited Colon, Jesus. ‘Little Things Are Big’ A Puerto Rican In New York and Other Sketches. US: International Publishers, 1982. Print. 116-117.
Hughes, Langston, ‘Thank You M’am’ The Best Short Stories by Black Writers: The Classic Anthology from 1899 to 1967. US: Little, Brown, 1967. Print. 71-73.
Bipolar Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Facts Research Paper college application essay help
Abstract Bipolar disorder is a medical condition that affects an estimated two million people in the US. It affects both women and men in equal measure. The disorder is associated with many causes some of which are genetic while others result from other factors. However, the exact cause of the disorder has not yet been established.
In its initial stages, the condition has signs and symptoms that are easily identified. It is advisable for individuals to seek medical attention before the mild stages of the disease develop into full-blown bipolar disorder. There are various medications that have been approved as viable treatments for the condition.
Introduction Bipolar disorder is defined as a mood disorder where individuals suffering from the disorder show alternate moments of mania and depression. The manic moments are characterized by moods that are better than normal ones. The moods are mild but they may sometimes be extreme to the extent that they interfere with normal life.
It may take hours, weeks or months for the manic moments to disappear after which depression returns (Definition of Bipolar disorder 5). Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic-depressive disorder. When individuals experience depression, they have feelings of sadness and hopelessness followed by loss of interest in activities they derive pleasure from.
The mood shift to the other direction is characterized by feelings of euphoria and a lot of energy. In some rare instances, symptoms of both mania and depression manifest themselves simultaneously in individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder.
Despite the fact that the disorder causes disruption and often takes long to recover from, individuals can maintain their moods by adhering to certain treatment procedures. Mostly, the disorder is controlled through psychotherapy or psychological counseling and taking prescribed medicines (Treatment for Bipolar Disorder 6).
The cause of bipolar disorder has not been completely established, but it is a common problem in families. Depressive or manic disorders may be manifest for the first time at teenage or early adulthood. The symptoms are usually subtle and confounding. Individuals who suffer from the disorder are usually ignored or misdiagnosed hence compelling them to undergo unjustified suffering. On the other hand, those who receive the right treatment and assistance lead normal and fulfilling lives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Types of Bipolar Disorders
There are different subtypes of bipolar disorders with each disorder exhibiting its unique pattern of initial symptoms. The different subtypes include the following.
Bipolar I Disorder
The mood fluctuations associated with this type of bipolar disorder lead to significant hardships when performing normal jobs or interference with relationships. The manic periods of this subtype can be extreme to the extent that they lead to harmful outcomes.
Bipolar II Disorder
This subtype of bipolar disorder is not as severe as bipolar I. Individuals who suffer from this type may experience elevation in their moods, a sense of irritation and changes in the way they function, but generally their daily life routines are not affected in any way. Instead of mania showing itself full-blown, individuals experience hypomania which is not as severe as mania. Moments of depression in this bipolar disorder usually take a longer period of time than in bipolar I.
This subtype of bipolar disorder which is also referred to as cyclothymia is mild in nature. With this type of disorder, the moments of depression and hypomania may be disruptive. However, the high and low instances are less severe than the ones experienced in bipolar I and bipolar II.
Myths and Facts about Bipolar Disorder
There are different myths and facts related to bipolar disorder. The first myth associated with the disorder is that individuals who suffer from the condition do not recover or live normal lives. The fact regarding this myth is that many individuals who suffer from the condition succeed in their careers, lead fulfilling family lives and have successful relationships.
To live with the condition is a challenging situation. But in the presence of the right treatment, healthy skills to cope with the condition and appropriate support systems, individuals live and manage bipolar disorder well.
The second myth surrounding bipolar disorder is that individuals who suffer from the condition are always either in depression or in a manic situation. The fact is that moments of depression among individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder are common than moments of mania. It is also possible for manic to be mild such that it is not recognized. Individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder can also stay with the conditions for long periods without portraying any symptoms (Bipolar Disorder 4).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Bipolar Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Facts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The third myth related to bipolar disorder is that the only thing that is affected by the disorder is the mood. The fact is that the condition also affects other aspects in the lives of individuals who suffer from the condition. For instance, the condition is linked with anxiety, health problems like heart diseases, diabetes and issues that touch on blood pressure.
The fourth myth related to bipolar disorder is that the only remedy for the condition is medication. The fact is that medication forms the basis of attempts to treat bipolar disorder but this does not mean that there are no other methods that are used to treat the disorder.
Self-help strategies and therapy are methods that play a crucial role in dealing with bipolar disorder. Individuals who detect symptoms of bipolar disorder can control the situation through regular exercises, eating well, sleeping enough, checking their moods regularly and staying close to people who can support them. They can also ensure that they avoid anything that causes them stress.
Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder appears differently in different individuals. The symptoms of the condition vary in frequency, severity and their pattern. Some individuals experience frequent moments of depression or mania, while others have equal alternations between depression and mania.
Some individuals experience disruption of their moods frequently while others do not experience as many mood disruptions throughout their lives. Bipolar disorder is characterized by four different types of mood episodes which include depression, hypomania, mania and mixed episodes.
Signs and Symptoms of Mania
During the manic stage of bipolar disorder, individuals experience increase in their energy, euphoria and a sense of creativity. They are usually very talkative, fail to get sleep and exhibit signs of hyperactivity. They also have feelings of being in possession of great power or headed for great things.
But while individuals who experience mania feel nice at first, they soon become uncontrollable. They often behave in a reckless manner during this phase, engaging in unbecoming behavior such as irresponsible sexual activities, gambling away financial resources, or investing foolishly.
In addition, they are easily angered, become aggressive and irritable which causes them to pick fights with individuals who do not show willingness to cooperate with them. They lay blames on other people once their behavior is questioned. Some even suffer from delusions and begin to respond to imaginary voices (Bipolar Disorder 6)
Not sure if you can write a paper on Bipolar Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Facts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Symptoms of Hypomania
Hypomania is usually not as severe as mania. Individuals who experience hypomania feel energetic, euphoric and highly productive, but have the capacity to continue with their normal daily activities without losing touch with reality. Some people may look at hypo manic individuals as people who exhibit abnormally good moods.
However, the condition leads to wrong decisions which are detrimental to careers, relationships and reputation of individuals. In addition, the condition grows to complete mania or serious depressive disorder afterwards. Individuals who suffer from hypomania show the following signs and symptoms
The first sign of hypomania is that individuals who suffer from the condition are characterized by rapid talk that other people find difficult to cope with. The second symptom of the condition is that individuals engage in reckless actions with little regard of the consequences.
The third symptom is that victims of hypomania are easily distracted and it is difficult for them to concentrate in what they do. The fourth symptom of hypomania is that the individuals sleep for few hours and feel abnormally energetic. The fifth symptom of the condition is that individuals who suffer from hypomania exhibit impaired judgment. The sixth symptom of the condition is that the individuals have unrealistic beliefs concerning their powers and capabilities.
Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Depression
Bipolar and regular forms of depression were not in the past considered as different conditions. However, research continuously highlights major differences between the two conditions with emphasis on the treatments recommended to deal with the conditions.
Majority of individuals who suffer from bipolar depression do not get help from the use of antidepressants. Antidepressants are considered risky since they have the potential to make the condition worse. They trigger hypomania or mania, leads to mood swings, or interferes with other drugs that stabilize mood.
Although the two share several similarities, there are certain symptoms that appear more in individuals who suffer from bipolar depression than those with regular depression. For instance, bipolar depression often involves guilt, irritability, random mood changes and restlessness.
Individuals who suffer from the condition are also slow in movement and speech, sleep for many hours and add weight regularly. In addition, their chances of losing touch with reality are high and interference in their works and functioning at the societal level. Some of the common symptoms associated with bipolar depression include lack of pleasure, irritability, changes in weight or appetite, energy loss, hopelessness, memory and concentration challenges, suicidal thoughts and problems in sleeping (Castle 81).
Signs and Symptoms of Mixed Episode
The mixed episode is a combination of symptoms of depression and hypomania or mania. The common symptoms of this disorder include irritability, insomnia, anxiety, racing thoughts and depression that has elements of agitation. This scenario where individuals experience moments of high energy but are lower in moods is a dangerous one since it is characterized by high suicidal thoughts.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
The causes of bipolar disorder are not yet known. Research shows that certain individuals genetically run high risks of suffering from the condition. Yet not all individuals who have inherited susceptibility actually develop the condition. This implies that there are other causes of the illness apart from genes.
Neurochemical, genetic and environmental factors are believed to play a crucial role that initiates and enables bipolar disorder to progress. The prevailing thoughts on the cause of bipolar disorder are that it is a biological disorder that affects specific brain sections and is caused by inappropriate functioning of neurotransmitters.
The external psychological and environmental factors that aid bipolar disorder development are known as triggers. They can cause new depression and mania episodes or worsen already existing ones. However, most episodes of bipolar disorder do not require an obvious trigger. Although there is no known cause of bipolar disorder, the following clues are believed to be causes of bipolar disorder by researchers.
Researchers have found out that bipolar disorder is mostly familial. This means that the condition runs in families. Almost half of individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder come from families with members who exhibit mood disorders like depression. Individuals who have one parent who suffers from bipolar disorder have between 15 and 25 percent likelihood of suffering from the same condition while the risk of non-identical twins suffering from the condition is 25 percent.
The risk of suffering from bipolar disorder for individuals who have identical twins with bipolar disorder in their families is even higher. Researchers who carry out studies on adopted children have been able to gather more information about the environmental versus genetic and events in normal lives that cause bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder is essentially a biological disorder which affects specific brain sections as a result of particular neurotransmitters functioning inappropriately. It may also be as a result of dysfunction of chemical messengers found in the brain. Some of the neurotransmitters involved with the chemicals include serotonin and many others. The condition may remain dormant until it is triggered by external factors.
There are certain environmental factors that are not fully understood that are associated with changes in the age that bipolar disorder starts. Occurrence of the disorder at early ages is associated with issues such as misdiagnosis and puts young people at the risk of contracting the illness. In addition, bipolar disorder may be caused by life events that lead to mood episodes. Despite the fact that substance abuse does not primarily cause bipolar disorder, it interferes with the process of recovery.
Certain medications like antidepressants have the capacity to stir manic episodes among individuals who are susceptible to bipolar disorder. This calls for exhaustive treatment for depressive disorders among individuals who once experienced manic disorders.
Due to the fact that depressive episodes have the potential of turning into manic ones after antidepressant medications, it is usually advisable to take antimanic drugs to limit the chances of occurrence of manic episodes. Antimanic drugs develop a partial ceiling that makes it difficult for mania induced by antidepressants to develop. There are other medications that are associated with high feelings that are similar to mania.
For example, appetite suppressants may cause an increase in energy levels, lack of sleep and cause individuals to talk a lot. Individuals return to normalcy once they stop the medications. Some of the substances that are associated with manic-like episodes include excessive caffeine, overdoses of certain drugs obtained over the counter and use of illegal drugs like cocaine and designer drugs (Castle 82).
Bipolar disorder can be caused by stressful experiences for individuals whose genetic composition makes them vulnerable to the illness. Stressful events that involve spontaneous or drastic changes either bad or good may trigger bipolar disorder. Some of the events include marriage, job loss, loss of family members or change of location. Individuals who are vulnerable to bipolar disorder should avoid stressful events, stimulants like alcohol and inadequate sleep because these factors trigger bipolar disorder.
Treatment and Medication of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a condition that can be treated contrary to what some individuals believe that the condition cannot be treated. The following are some of the medications available for treating bipolar disorder. Mood Stabilizing Medications
Mood stabilizing medication is usually the first option to treat bipolar disorder. Individuals who suffer from the condition are exposed to the use of mood stabilizers for several years. Most of the medications fall under the category of anticonvulsants with an exception of lithium. Ideally, anticonvulsants are used in the treatment of seizures but control of moods is their other function. There are several mood stabilizing medications used in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
The first mood stabilizer used in treatment of bipolar disorder is lithium which is also referred to as lithobid or eskalith. It was the first medication for mood-stabilizing that FDA approved for use in treatment of mania. It is an effective medication for dealing with mania and prevention of other depressive complications.
The second mood stabilizer used in treatment of bipolar disorder is valproic acid which is used in place of lithium. Just like lithium, it is also an effective method of treating the disorder. In recent years, lamotrigine which is an anticonvulsant has been introduced as a mood stabilizer for treating bipolar disorder.
Atypical Antipsychotic Medications This is another common medication for bipolar disorder. The medication is combined with other forms of medication. There are atypical and conventional antipsychotics used in treatment of bipolar disorder. The first antipsychotic medication used in treatment of bipolar disorder is Olanzapine which is administered together with antidepressant medication.
It helps in reducing the effects of serious mania. The second antipsychotic used in the treatment of bipolar disorder is Aripiprazole which treats mixed episode of manic disorders. The third antipsychotic used in the treatment of bipolar disorder is Quetiapine. This eliminates the symptoms associated with sudden and severe manic instances (Leay 130).
Antidepressant Medications Antidepressants are occasionally used in the treatment of depression as a form of bipolar disorder. The medications are combined with mood-stabilizers. It is advisable to combine them with mood stabilizers because using them alone may cause individuals to switch into hypomania or mania.
Conclusion Bipolar disorder is a medical condition that affects both young people and adults. There are different subtypes of bipolar disorder which exhibit different characteristics. Some are characterized by extreme cases of mania such that the normal functioning of individuals is affected while other types are mild and do not affect the normal functioning of individuals.
Bipolar disorder is a condition that is surrounded by myths but for every myth surrounding the condition, there are proven facts. Despite the fact that some individuals argue that the condition cannot be treated and that those who suffer from it cannot functionally normally, it has been proven that bipolar disorder is treatable. Individuals who suffer from the condition can also lead normal lives.
Works Cited Bipolar Disorder. 2012. Web. .
Castle, Lana. Bipolar Disorder Demystified:Mastering the Tightrope of Manic Depression. New York: Da Capo Press, 2003.
Definition of Bipolar disorder 2011. Web. .
Leay, Robert. Psychological Treatment of Bipolar Disorder. New York: Guilford Press, 2005.
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder. n.d. Web. .
John Lennon’s Imagine and Marxism Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Lennon’s Imagine
The power of music is not fully appreciated. For hundreds of years, the art of music has evolved from modest one note beats to complex layers of multiple notes. Music might have started simply as a form of audible entertainment. But, since then, it has also become a tool for propaganda and a powerful instrument to influence people.
Music has inspired great artists and philosophers and, in some cases, the great artists and philosophers have served as the muses for some of the rich, multisensory music we know and admire today. This is true when one compares and analyzes the philosophy of Karl Marx to musician John Lennon’s composition entitled Imagine.
In 1971, John Lennon released his popular single Imagine. At present, Imagine is still very popular. The lyrics provide topics for discussion that are still relevant today. The song Imagine is a dream. It is an idea that living in a utopian world is possible. It can be argued that Karl Marx’s ideas influenced the creation of the said song. The proponent of this paper will defend this assertion by analyzing both the lyrics to the song and the idea of Karl Marx.
At the same time, the following question will be answered: 1) Why has this song become so popular and why does it have a great appeal on listeners?; 2) Is it possible to build and live in a utopian world based on the ideas of Karl Marx?; and 3) With regards to the interpretation of the lyrics and the interpretation of Marx’s ideas, how was it applied in a real world setting?
Lennon’s Imagine The popularity of John Lennon’s Imagine never waned from its release in 1971 to the present day. There are only a few songs that endured the test of time. Songs that remained relevant are not ordinary songs but works of art that are meaningful and evoke a great deal of emotions from its listeners.
It is important to determine the popularity of the song before it can be connected to Karl Marx. The simplest explanation with regards to its popularity is the Beatles phenomenon of the 1960s. If John Lennon’s band, the Beatles, was very popular in the 1960s, then, the name Lennon is easily recognizable a decade later.
It can be argued that there were numerous fans of the Beatles that were still interested in the lives of the former band members. Therefore, when it was announced that John Lennon’s produced a new album and that one of the songs in that album is a composition entitled Imagine, it was easy to understand why a horde of loyal fans will buy the album. However, to attribute the popularity of the song to the Beatles phenomenon is not entirely correct because many year later, people continue to listen to the said composition.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another possible explanation is the charisma and talent of John Lennon himself. It is important to point out that even without the Beatles, Lennon can easily become an influential and popular artist. According to one historian, “he was a mass-mediated star, a creation of his time, a construction who was discussed and debated in public and given meanings by other people” (Makela 236).
Lennon’s legendary status in the music industry is a valid explanation for the popularity of the song. But there were other artists who were accorded the same status as Lennon and yet some of their songs are not as popular anymore. Therefore, the popularity of the song Imagine must also be attributed to the song itself. A very good explanation can be seen through the following commentary:
The genius of this composition is the marriage of Lennon’s controversial lyrics, that is, imagination of a world without religion or civil states among other things, with instrumental music that could very well have accompanied the sentimental, melodramatic compositions of the pre-rock era. The tension in this song is created by the juxtapositions of a pretty and understated melody with a radical message (Bielen 90).
In other words, this song is well-crafted work of art. It was not done haphazardly. There was a clear purpose in the mind of the composer and lyricist. There was a reason why a particular melody was used. More importantly, the words were not chosen in random. This particular song is an anthem. It is a declaration that emanated from the heart of Lennon. Thus, this song was not created for entertainment purposes only. It was created to influence people.
The popularity of the song is not just due to the appeal of Lennon and the beauty of the melody. The song continues to be popular because of the radical message it contains. Consider the first few lines of the song. It provides a suggestion to the listener and invites him to imagine that there is no heaven.
The impact of the first salvo was cushioned by the assuring words that it is not difficult. It went on to suggest that there is no hell and ends with an equally radical assertion that there is nothing above but only sky. If taken together the song challenges the normal conventions of society.
Lennon made the declaration that there is no God. The end result, according to Lennon, is a mindset that is only preoccupied with the present (Wesson 21). One can just imagine the impact of these lyrics to those who were brought up in a religious manner. Consider the reaction of church leaders who can easily characterize the song as sacrilegious. But Lennon was just warming up.
We will write a custom Research Paper on John Lennon’s Imagine and Marxism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lennon did not spare the politicians and the leaders of civil society. The song’s second stanza provided another set of radical messages. The composer suggested that there is no such thing as a geopolitical state. Lennon believed that politics and obsession with nationalities and ethnicities are the major causes of conflict. Lennon made the declaration that if nations eradicate the concept of a national state, then, those who believe will experience life in peace (
In the first three stanzas, Lennon made the suggestion to eradicate the concept of religion and nationality in order to live in the moment and to live a life of peace. But, in the process, Lennon did not only suggest the destruction of social institutions. Lennon also challenged the root cause of inequality.
In his mind, poverty is the result of greed. If people learn how to live every moment as if it was there last, then, they have understood the essence of the song. However, it is imperative that Lennon must provide an alternative scenario if national governments are no longer functional.
In the latter part of the song, Lennon offered a solution. He said that people should have no possession. It must be clarified that the alternative solution to the problem is to establish a utopian society wherein the citizens are prevent from acquiring non-essentials. In other words, Lennon wanted to remove these vices because these are not pre-requisites. These factors continue to influence thinkers and philosophers alike.
Karl Marx It can be argued that John Lennon was influenced by the writings of Karl Marx (Elster 12). The lyrics found in the latter part of the song suggest a utopian world, a world that can be created using the ideas found in Karl Marx’s work. It was Marx who provided a clear understanding of social forces that shaped the modern world.
He traced the root cause of the problem to conflict between different groups of people in a particular society. At the latter part of the discussion, more people became aware of the futility of traditional social conventions. Marx was a German philosopher who lived in London. He was convinced that at the core of the problem is the struggle between social classes (Williams 25).
Marx philosophy was a byproduct of his time. He was deeply affected by the circumstances that surrounded him. For example, he saw the impact of urban sprawl as well as the contentious relationships between an employer and employee (Popkin
Sustainability of building Report essay help online free
Introduction The environment is an important part of every human being. This is because it is what informs the quality of life that one leads. In essence, quality is defined by the environment or the surroundings that one has (Abraham 2006). Thus, maintaining a quality environment is usually on top of the agenda when it comes to establishing the kind of area that one is living in. We live in a society that seeks to ensure that development is achieved in all things.
It is worth noting that most of development projects within the society emanate from the construction which takes place within the society. In this case the buildings which are put up need to meet certain standards which are in line with the expectations of environmental sustainability as well as ensure that the quality of the building is in accordance with the stated regulations. It therefore follows that achieving sustainability is the role of the engineers (Jonker
The Role of the European Central Bank in Price Stability Report (Assessment) essay help online: essay help online
The European Central Bank is one of the most important banks in the world with over 17 member States (Howarth and Loedel 4). The Bank has a legal persona and is fully self-regulating of national and European financial institutions. It was established in 1998 with its headquarters located at Frankfurt in Germany.
Some of the core functions of this Central Bank are making sure that price stability is maintained mainly by defining the monetary policies of the union. It is also mandated to ensure a smooth running of all issues concerned with Economic and Monetary Systems of the union. The bank achieves its objective by ensuring that inflation is kept at the lowest levels ever achievable.
The Central Bank also takes part in other financial activities like participating in the stock capital market with billion of shareholders (Howarth and Loedel 6). It is responsible for setting the key interest rates for all the member states that lie within the zone and controlling the supply of money.
Other responsibilities are managing the foreign currency reserves and also buying and selling the currencies of the member states to keep the exchange rates balanced in the economy. In addition, they carefully monitor the price trends and project any risks or challenges which they are likely to pose to price stability (Sexton 379).
Bearing in mind the very sensitive responsibility carried by the bank it becomes critical for it to carry out its duties with a lot of skill.
One of the ways to determine the performance of an economy is to closely examine the economic indicators such as employment levels, stock market prices, changes in money supply, Gross Domestic Product, the extend to which industries are producing, issues of bankruptcy and considering the income levels of the citizens in a country.
Therefore, the indicators are important because they help economic analysts in predicting the economy’s performance in short term basis (Howarth and Loedel 12).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the article, levels of unemployment in the Euro-zone were noted to be increasing at an alarming rate. Figures were showing that joblessness in the zone had gone up to 10.9 % and the financial analysts were expecting that Central Bank would do something to rescue this situation and especially by reducing the interest rates (Minder and Ewing 5). The main cause of demonstrations according to the article was the issue of joblessness resulting from high interest rate.
This is so because, interest rates are costs at which businesses and consumers finance their spending and so borrowing becomes hard when the interest rates are high. Moreover, high rates deter businesses from investing or expanding their businesses, which results in unemployment. Unemployment leads in to the decline in the standards of living and may be other social injustices like insecurity due to theft and crime because people have no other means of living.
If interest rates increase from r1 to r2 the quantity of money in circulation decreases as indicated by the inward shift of the curve (Sexton 382). Increased interest rates also increase the cost of production by the firms and therefore the price of products rises. If prices of inputs increase, this will translate to a decrease in output given by firms.
It is also indicated that the government was struggling with debts and other deficits which is very unhealthy for an economy. Some of the causes of deficits and debts are when a country borrows a lot of money from other countries to invest, a situation which is mostly witnessed by the third world countries.
If the value of exports happens to increase at a slower rate than the value of imports which would mean the surplus changing into a deficit and may be if the states currency is overvalued, imports become cheaper and the quantity of imports increases and in such a case a fall in the quantity of exports is experienced because exports become less competitive.
In order to solve this, the governments in the Euro-zone would have to stop the selling of bonds, reduce borrowing, reduce their expenditures, or even increase taxes on the rich. Increasing taxes to all people when the economy is not performing worsens the situation in a country (Howarth and Loedel 14). This is because it widens the gap between the rich and the poor.
We will write a custom Assessment on The Role of the European Central Bank in Price Stability specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Source: tutor2u
Economists state that as the price increases; demand of a good will decrease and vice versa (Sexton 382). The monetary policy is one of the processes used by the central bank to regulate money supply credit in the economy and foster economic growth. If the Central Bank increases the interest rates on the loans given to commercial banks, this will discourage them and in turn increase their rates on any individual of the public who is borrowing.
This will imply an increase in poverty because loans will not be accessible to the citizens and so the amount of money held reduces. On the hand, the central bank can promote economic growth in a country by making loans available to the commercial banks which lend money to the citizens enabling them to invest and carry out other activities in building the economy.
In conclusion, the Central Banks play very important roles in the economy of any nation and therefore should work hard to ensure stability of prices by defining monetary policies which is very critical.
Reference List Howarth, J. D.
Doctors Should Not Tell Lies to Their Patients Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Truth and Dying Patient
Introduction Many times questions rise whether doctors should lie or tell the truth to their patients and families members. Issues regarding truth and lies affect people in all their communications processes. Doctors face the challenge of revealing the painful truth to patients almost every day of their professional lives. This was the case of Doctor Ivanitch. The doctor was attending to a young, beautiful girl, Alexandra who knew her death was imminent. However, the doctor assured everyone that the girl would survive (Turgenev 11).
In this case, there are disturbing and frequent lies that the doctor tells everyone. He lies to the patient, Alexandra’s mother, and probably to himself too. We may ask whether these lies were appropriate or beneficial or humane. This essay supports the idea that doctors should not tell lies to their patients, or family members even if they experience feelings of inadequacy as everyone else has unwavering belief in doctors.
The idea of not telling the patient the truth must a matter of great care. This is because patients may suffer much harm if doctors lie to them. When lying, doctors disregard the patient’s autonomy and at the same time, deny the patients opportunities of seeking alternative intervention.
Still, the patients lose all trusts in doctors. The issue of honesty is sufficient in a doctor-patient relationship. Moralists believe that patients need the truth because they are “ill, vulnerable, and worry about issues that require truthful answers” (Price 33).
The issue of honesty is fundamental in all medical issues. Doctors who suffer reputational loss due to lies end up losing their professions. We know that honesty is equally important for the patient and the doctor. However, most doctors have disregarded honesty in their profession.
Telling lies in the case of a doctor is wrong. However, only adequate justifications for such lies may sound morally acceptable. There are patients that have suicidal tendencies, irrational, and experience cases of severe depression. In addition, doctors may also lie to too pessimistic patients or when any unexpected results may worsen patients’ condition. In such situations, we may favor the doctor’s act of lying to the patient.
In modern days, it is not ethical to lie to patients in order to apply continued “intervention or cover up one’s own folly and for personal benefits” (Price 45). We must recognize that both revealing the truth and not disclosing the truth can do harm to the patient. In a clinical arena, telling the truth needs doctors to be sensitive, compassionate, intelligence, and comfort the patient in cases of negative reactions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Unlike in the past where doctors were responsible for all aspects of communication with their patients, today, several other supporting professional have emerged to support doctors. These include social workers and nurses who can also reveal the truth to patients and their family members, and offers the necessary supports the patients and their family members may need. In some countries, patients have protections under the Patient’s Rights, which compel doctors to reveal the truth to their patients.
The Truth and Dying Patient Patients would like to know the entire truth regarding their conditions. Thus, doctors may be wrong when not revealing such information. There are cases of patients who receive news of their imminent deaths and deny. This may warrant doctors to repeat such news till the patient comes to terms with reality.
When patients deny such news does not mean doctors are free to hold the truth from them. Patient must know the truth even if it is about their imminent death. People must face the reality and confront death. Thus, it is morally unjustified to assume that dying patients prefer moral superficiality. Death news may be painful, but most patients may feel relieved once they learn of their inevitable death.
Doctors, who do not disclose death news to their patients, subject such patients to painful experiences and cruel treatment. Patients who do not want to experience painful and suffering processes have resorted to an option of euthanasia. Consequently, this approach is gaining popularity in most countries.
Some patients have noticed that doctors will never reveal the truth to them. Thus, they will only die after suffering and when it is impossible to improve their conditions. However, knowing the truth can alleviate cases of loneliness, positive response to treatments and other intervention measures.
Conversely, telling the death news to patients may also result into harm (Greenberg 66). Therefore, doctors must prepare to guard against such negative encounters. This implies that doctors must learn how to tell the truth involving death. Telling the truth in a clinical context is right. However, doctors must review their patients’ medical conditions and negative personality traits before revealing death news. Still, patients need to know the truth even in cases of doubts.
There are also complex situations where it may be difficult to know a cover up or truthful disclosure. There may be justifiable reasons for not revealing the truth to the patient. However, cases of unjustified disclosures are inexcusable. In every situation, the truth will always come out. Thus, the need to tell the truth should guide doctors’ professional conducts and relationships with their patients.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Doctors Should Not Tell Lies to Their Patients specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Philosophical perspectives According to Immanuel Kant, lying is moral unacceptable. Kant argued that people posses an innate intrinsic worth. This is what he referred to as human dignity. Human dignity recognizes the fact the people are rational, free to make their own choices, set their targets, and have control over their actions guided by reasoning. He further argued that human dignity means having “ethical requirements, ability to make free choices and respect the power within self and others” (Bailey 133).
Therefore, there are two reasons that make lies morally wrong. Lies undermine the fundamental quality of being a human. Lies do not give individuals chances of making rational and free choices. Thus, a lie denies people the experiences of self worth. Lies also deny others opportunities of making free and rational choices.
Lies make people base their decisions on untruthful disclosures that may be the opposite had they known the truth. This causes harm to human dignity and a sense of autonomy. We can only achieve ends if we value self and others. This is what Kant referred to as perfect duties. In this sense, there should be absolutely no lies.
Another perspective also posits that lying is wrong. This approach does not choose between right and wrong behavior, and what we should do or not do. Instead, it pays close attention to character development. It also looks at what an individual should be. Virtue approaches favor such arguments. People should possess attractive qualities that allow them to act in a given manner. Thus, being virtuous means a person must also be ethical (Bailey 130).
The complex nature of virtue ethics leaves little room for assessing people’s moral actions. In this respect, lying is morally wrong because it goes against the virtue of honesty (Price 41). However, critics question this view with regard to telling lies in order to pursue an important virtue. Virtue theorists have been able to overcome such criticism through the idea of unity of virtues. Virtuous persons strive to be ideal people.
Thus, when in conflicting positions between making a choice of compassionate lie and virtues, theory of virtue ethics posits that we should “imagine an ideal person would do in such situations and act according to the situation” (Bok 131). In this regard, an individual has the responsibility of making virtues his or her own, depending on his or her acts. In this case, lying becomes morally unacceptable act because it prevents people from becoming an ideal individual.
Another view of lies and ethics looks at benefits and harms associated with lying. According to utilitarian ethics, these can only be the two approaches to judge an action as a lie. These theorists believe that we can justify a lie when it allows us to derive maximum benefits and reduce chances of a greater harm.
Thus, the consequences of lying must maximize the benefits. Otherwise, it is immorally wrong to lie. Such an approach is difficult to use in making fundamental decisions of daily life. People who intend to lie must weigh the possible outcomes of their actions before lying. When a doctor has to lie, he should consider some facts (Bok 129).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Doctors Should Not Tell Lies to Their Patients by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The utilitarian perspective does not favor Doctor Ivanitch actions because there are maximum benefits his lies give the people. Instead, the doctor lies for his own selfish gain. Thus, he has not true intentions of lying.
There are also “noble lies or altruistic lies” (Revell 8). Such acts of lying usually benefit other individuals. Thus, utilitarians would find them acceptable. A doctor may tell a patient that there are hopes of recovery. However, the truth is that the patient will soon die as witnessed in the case of Doctor Ivanitch and Alexandra.
The only difference is that Alexandra is not a depressed patient and knows too well death is inevitable. However, when doctors confront cases of suicidal patients, then a lie may serve such patients in a better manner. Altruistic lie benefit the patient by avoiding the possible negative reactions the patient may take.
Such theoretical approaches are logical enough for warrant lies. However, critics of such theories note that we cannot use them in practical situations. This is because people underestimate or overestimate consequences of their actions, disregard their actions or harmful consequences. The flaw is in the ability of predicting the outcome of an action.
Doctors who lie undermine their patients trust in them. When people learn of such deceits, doctors suffer loss of values of trust, and their jobs too in some cases.
A decline in trust leads to cynicism, which in turn affects the quality of the patient’s life. Lies that people use in order to achieve maximum benefit may not yield the desired result as justifications for such actions have narrow applications, and often result from selfish motives.
Thus, doctors should lie in an attempt to stop an imagined denial, suicide or depression in patients. Most acts of lies lead to higher costs than the greater good lies pursue. Thus, we should not tolerate lies or subjective reasoning that attempt to justify acts of lying.
Another problem is that is it impossible to tell outcomes of lies. Thus, the idea that lies will bring great benefits should not be a basis for justifications of lies. In addition, we cannot tell whether lies will serve us right or not. Critics of such theories believe “lies have “lives of their own” and lead to results that individuals fail to plan for or predict” (Revell 8).
We can also note that being objective with regards to actions regarding lies are equally difficult. This is because people who lie mainly have vested interest they need to protect. Still, we can never have an accurate measure of the benefits or harm that lies can cause.
Conclusion This essay has demonstrated that there are no moral grounds for doctors to engage in lies. In the past, doctors could get away with lies. However, in modern society, acts of lies have ruined some professions. It is now a major problem than in the previous decades.
Therefore, people should take perspectives of ethics before engaging in acts of lies. We must apply the value of ethical reasoning in determining right things to do. Doctors must recognize that information they give their patients will make differences in the patients’ attitude about illness, treatment, and the overall health. When we adopt different philosophical views, we end up with a mixed society that favors and opposes lies alike.
Works Cited Bailey, Frederick George. The Prevalence of Deceit. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991. Print.
Bok, Sissela. Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life. New York: Vintage Books, 1979. Print.
Greenberg, Michael. “The Consequences of Truth Telling.” The Journal of the American Medical Association, 266 (1991): 66. Print.
Price, Joan. Medieval and Modern Philosophy. New York, NY: Chelsea House, 2008. Print.
Revell, Jean-Francois. The Flight from Truth: The Reign of Deceit in the Age of Information. New York: Random House Books, 1992. Print.
Turgenev, Ivan S. The District Doctor and Other Stories of Turgenev. Emmaus, PA: Story Classics, 1951. Print.
Five Lesson Plans for Elementary School Children Essay essay help
Generally, it must be pointed out that teachers of elementary school should combine different learning styles. Auditory, visual and kinesthetic learning styles are of particular attention, as they are recognized to be the basic learning methods children’s ability to process and evaluate information depends upon. Other important learning styles teachers are to rely on include social and logical styles.
The specific learning goal (objective):
Develop a child’s attention span – The objective can be achieved, while discussing children’s picture books. Teachers can use Lauren Child’s book I am Too Absolutely Small for School, or Kane Miller’s book Little School. A teacher’s task is to give children an opportunity to analyze images and develop imagination.
Children should work in small groups and answer the teacher’s questions concerning the plot of the book. Of course, children’s answers are to be based on pictures. A teacher is to ask children about the associations images cause. Thus, a teacher can observe the peculiarities of the ways children accept reality.
So, it becomes obvious that it is not only a child’s attention span, which can be developed, but children’s ability to concentrate on an object (a picture) can be also increased.
The first grade
The specific learning goal (objective):
Cognitive development – To help children get ready for reading, math, penmanship, art, music, science, and social interaction, a teacher is to pay attention to different activities. The books, which are to be used to develop love for learning, a sense of the beginning, middle, and end of a story include Frog and Toad Are Friends by Arnold Lobel, Ivy and Bean by Annie Barrows, etc. The books will help teachers in developing children’s phonemic awareness. Moreover, children’s ability to decode words will be also increased. It should be pointed out that Lobel’s books influence children’s ability to distinguish between bad and good.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Teachers are to develop children’s ability to think broadly. For this reason, puzzles can be used. Calendar activities are to be used to develop children’s math awareness. Writing and coloring are recognized to be the so-called constant activities. They help develop some physical skills.
The second grade
The specific learning goal (objective):
Independence development – As far as second graders can take care of their daily routines, a teacher’s task is to increase a child’s desire to make more decisions. Margaret Wise Brown’s book Sneakers, the Seaside Cat influences children’s desire to make more choices for themselves.
On the other hand, it is also necessary to develop children’s logical thinking. For this reason, some mysteries can be used. The most appropriate sources include Ann Cameron’s Julian, Secret Agent, or The Seven Treasure Hunts written by Betsy Byars.
The third grade
The specific learning goal (objective):
Physical and emotional growth development – A teacher’s task is to influence a child’s physical development. It is necessary to encourage children to feel successful. Children can become more aware of special pictures (the appearance of sportsmen and other body images). The books, which can be studied, include Matt Christopher’s The Dog That Stole Home, Lensey Namioka’s Yang the Youngest and His Terrible Ear.
When speaking about children’s emotional development, there is a need to point out that a teacher’s primary task is to develop a child’s self-confidence. Generally, third-graders can be a study in quick-changing emotions. To influence a child’s emotional growth, third-graders should read books with positive messages, i.e. Alison Lester’s Are We There Yet? Kate DiCamillo’s Because of Winn-Dixie.
We will write a custom Essay on Five Lesson Plans for Elementary School Children specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, teachers are to involve parents into the process of education. Thus, most of third-graders have an increased desire for privacy. Parents are to respect the desire; however, if their children have some problems with communication (certain conflicts with classmates), parents are to help resolve certain contradictions. The book, which parents can read and discuss with a child, is Judy Moody by Megan McDonald.
The fourth grade
The specific learning goal (objective):
Social development – As far as fourth-graders care more about what others think about them, a teacher’s task is to help children keep the lines of communication open. Children should be involved into group activities. Thus, a teacher can offer them to make a common project, or encourage them playing on a team. Fourth-graders are usually interested in particular issues; so, a teacher can help them to know more about the environment. It is necessary to encourage graders to help others. The book 2030: A Day in the Life of Tomorrow’s Kids written by Amy Zuckerman and Jim Daly will give children an opportunity to become familiar with some social changes.
The fifth grade
The specific learning goal (objective):
General knowledge development – A teacher’s main task is to influence a child’s general worldview. Children are to become familiar with realism issues. Watt Key’s Alabama Moon is recommended for fifth-graders. On the other hand, teachers can also use The Homeless Bird by Gloria Whelan and No Talking by Andrew Clements. The book, which is recommended for home reading, is Do Not Open: An Encyclopedia of the World’s Best-Kept Secrets by John Farndon.
How Different Love Between Catherine And Henry Could Be If There Was No War? Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Frederic Henry, an American ambulance driver during the First World War, meets a nurse from Britain. When a munitions explosion at the frontline injures him, Henry is hospitalized in Milan where he and Catherine get close. Henry has a different perspective regarding the war from this point onwards. He perceives it as brutality rather than a necessary thing. This factor brings him closer to Catherine. He expresses his affection for Catherine.
“You don’t believe me. We will go now this afternoon and see. And in the town we have beautiful English girls. I am now in love with Miss Barkley. I will take you to call. I will probably marry Miss Barkley.” (Hemingway 17).
Henry also enquires the opinion of his friends over his intention to marry Miss Barkley.
“There are few real wounded. Next week the war starts again. Perhaps it starts again. They say so. Do you think I would do right to marry miss Barkley-after the war of course?” (Hemingway 18).
Henry has unrealistic expectations about the war and their relationship. On the other hand, Catherine is a mature woman, and is more realistic about the situation. She is emotionally scarred by the war after her first fiancée dies in a battle. When Frederic meets and courts her, their love brews in a tense environment.
The two are forced together by circumstances. Henry does not like the war, and wishes that the war ended. He tells Catherine that they should abandon the war. Catherine knows better, and tells him that war is inevitable. She says that it is more painful to abandon the war than to fight. This shows how Catherine is emotionally involved in the war, while Frederic is infatuated with her.
“We kissed and she broke away suddenly, ‘No please. Goodnight darling.’ we walked to the door and I saw her get in and go down the hallway. I liked to watch her move. She continued down the hall. I went on home. There was a great deal going on. I watched the flashes on San Gabriel.” (Hemingway 32).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the beginning, Henry is not sure of his love for Catherine. However, he later falls in love with her. Their perseverance through the war is brought to an end by the executions that are taking place due to breach of battle rules. To avoid getting into a dangerous situation, Henry escapes the front line to join Catherine. Their love for each other becomes obvious while they are in Milan. It is disclosed that hostility of the military persuaded him to desert.
“‘One of those shot by the carabinieri is from my home town.’ Passini said. ‘He was a big smart boy in the granatieri. Always in Rome. Always with the girls. Now they have a guard outside his house with a bayonet so that nobody can come to see his mother and father. They are all without law to protect them’” (Hemingway 50).
The war is a major factor in the love affair between the soldier and the nurse. When Henry goes into war, he is oblivious of the concept of love. The events of war, particularly his injury by the munitions explosion makes him develop affection for Catherine. Initially Henry finds it difficult to master any affection for Catherine. It takes a possible extermination during the war, for Henry to decide to escape to Milan.
“The next day, we left for Milan and arrived forty eight hours later. It was a bad trip. We were side tracked for a long time this side of mestre and children came and peeked in.” (Hemingway 76).
The armed conflict plays a major role in developing Henry’s mind and perception of the world and life. In the first stages of the conflict, Henry is dedicated to the war and is not interested in a love affair. He is content with liquor and casual sexual affairs.
When for the first time Henry becomes involve with Catherine, he realizes that the world has another perspective. This signifies that Henry’s mind has matured since both lovers exhibit absolute dedication to their relationship. A conversation within the Milan hospital reveals this.
“Have you seen Miss Barkley?” “I’ll bring her here.” “Don’t go.” I said. “Tell me about Gorizia. How are the girls?” “There are no girls. For two weeks, they have not changed them. I don’t go there anymore. It’s disgraceful. They aren’t girls. They are old war comrades.” (Hemingway 63).
We will write a custom Essay on How Different Love Between Catherine And Henry Could Be If There Was No War? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The relationship between Henry and Catherine seems to be a result of circumstances the lovers finds themselves in. War is the perfect condition for development of the right attitude in Henry. Catherine also gives in to the pressures of attending to the patients, and seeks solace in the love affair with Henry. The story seems rather sad since Catherine passes away at the end of the novel.
Had there been no war, Catherine would not have met Henry. Frederic’s duty of ferrying the wounded at the frontline puts him directly in contact with Catherine. The war generates the circumstances that lead to the union between the two lovers.
Works Cited Hemingway, Ernest. A farewell to arms. New York: Scribner, 1929. Print.
Triumph of the Will Essay (Movie Review) a level english language essay help
Why was the movie Triumph of the Will such an effective piece of propaganda? What techniques did the director use to convey her message?
Propaganda is a communication act aimed at influencing the audience to adopt a certain point of view. The word has acquired a negative connotation given that it could amount to lying by omitting some details or truth even though it initially had a neutral connotation.
The movie starts with some texts on the screen showing that Germany had been at war for quite a long period than it had been at peace. This is partly true because the period between WWI and WWII was too short. Apart from the world wars, Germany also had its own internal problems. Everyone in the movie, however, has a feeling that things will soon be alright given the kind of a leader they have in place. Clouds are shown moving above the people in the city waiting for Hitler and other dignitaries to arrive (YouTube Episode I).
It is a spectacular view and Hitler soon arrives in a plane. Not many people at that time could travel in a plane. This gives the people the message that they have a powerful leader and that everything will be fine. This, however, is just propaganda because Hitler is not telling them the truth of what they were to expect in the future, especially WWII. Later in the evening Hitler goes and sleeps in a hotel.
The following morning, he officially and formally launches the congress party. The launch is attended by many people and Hitler gives a lengthy speech (YouTube Episode II). Hitler, to be specific, gives re-assuring speech that he would bring peace, food and power- both economic and military- to Germany.
He then congratulates the German labor force for their good work of rebuilding the country. This is propaganda because the development of Germany was not based on the efforts of the labor force alone, but also on all German citizens and the world at large.
We are shown the dignitaries as they arrive and Hitler addressing a youth rally. This gives the youths a feeling that they are together as men (YouTube Episode II). That evening, Hitler gives a speech to the congress party officials. He is often heard saying that the party and the country are one and the same thing. This is partly false because the party, though national, was to serve his interests to the greater extent.
On day 3, Hitler starts by inspecting the country’s security troops parade (YouTube Episode III). In his speech to the security troops, Hitler says that all the crimes that they had committed had been forgiven and forgotten. This is not true because he is taking the role of God to forgive sins. The party’s flag is also shown on several occasions. On his closing speech, Hitler says that only the loyal Germans will become national socialists and only the best national socialists are party comrades.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It was Hitler’s idea to produce the movie. He did not want an accurate movie. He wanted to spread propaganda; the sweet lies and not the bitter truth. The movie was to interest the people who were not Hitler’s political followers. He did not want the true nature of politics shown, but only that which is good in the eyes and ears of the viewers.
The movie has many scenes with some religious implications. There are church bells being heard and there is also the image if Bishop Ludwig and his descending from the plane like a god while even the cat stops to look at the plane (YouTube Episode I). In his speech, Hitler compares the party to a holy order.
Therefore, the party is holy with the best of intentions. There is also the use of candles and fireworks as he speaks to show a sense of some light at the end of the tunnel. All these scenes are to make his regime seem good whereas this was not the case. It was just to gain the support of the people.
The theme of the film is unity. The film spreads a unified propaganda showing just how good the country and its people were doing. There is unity among the people as they cheer Hitler. The soldiers are shown to live in neatly arranged tents. They also do not wear shirts when in their residential areas as this makes them unequal since shirts reveal their ranks. They also carry their spades that represent guns in the same way.
The issue of labor was also addressed. Hitler in his speech assures the workers that there will be no class divisions and discriminations in the labor-force. This is all propaganda as we well know that this has never and will never happen. There will always be social class stratification and discrimination among social classes.
Unity is also shown between the party and the country. The poor are shown greeting Hitler. The old Germany flag is also shown to show that there is the unity between the old and the new Germany. Hitler even goes ahead to pay respect to the soldiers who died in WWI. He goes ahead to say that those who are not of the Aryan race, the sick, the weak and the handicapped should be wiped from the country so as to remain with the strong hence a strong and a pure nation (YouTube Episode III).
Works Cited YouTube. Triumph des Willens (1935) – Triumph of the Will. YouTube, n.d. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Triumph of the Will specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Social Media and Stalking Essay college admission essay help
In this digital age, you do not leave your past or present acquaintances completely. I usually engage in some online social activities on my personal computer, and on my cell phone. It is difficult to choose people who view the information I post, so I restrain myself from posting information that relates either to me or to a close person.
I do not send pictures using the site or upload any personal material. Facebook is the only online social site that I visit regularly. Once I upload a picture, some other person who knows me can download the picture and misappropriate it.
I also do not post information regarding events I attend, or my daily schedule. This is because I believe that it is offensive to reveal details of one’s private life on an online social site. The information made available on the social site is free for all people to view and use. My opinion on viewing other people’s information on a social site is that all information on the social site should be accessible to all people.
I do not consider it offensive to view a person’s profile on an open social site for any number of times, if it is accessible. When a person subscribes to such a site, he or she accepts that other subscribers may view the information posted. The reason for this is that the information posted on social sites such as Facebook is accessible to all subscribers of the social site.
Emerging social sites are making it difficult for people to maintain a private lifestyle. In some cases, members of a family find themselves viewing each other’s private information on a social site. Sites such as Facebook have interfaces in which one can view other people’s information without restriction.
One does not have to be an acquaintance for you to view his or her information. In addition, one can access information about colleagues at the workplace, making it difficult to maintain a professional working environment (Schulten, 2012). The issue of security has become a problem since pedophiles and other people with a criminal intention can victimize children. Adults are also subject to abduction and blackmail if they disclose too much information about their personal lives on social sites.
Another problem is that the people one meets in the course of work or in social activities hung around for a long time. Once a person identifies you on a social site, then, he or she can communicate with you for a long time as long as you remain a subscriber on the social site. People that one wishes to keep away from may even move closer.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, if a person is studying another’s information on a social site, it may be difficult to establish the identity of the stalker. Consequently, the stalker may turn out to be a close friend, relative, or even a superior colleague at workplace (Schulten, 2012).
The enhanced sharing of information may have a negative effect on the society. People change perception of others due to the information they have acquired about them from the online social site. The danger that the society faces is a possible disruption of the current social order. For example, if a child accesses information about his or her parent, a conflict may arise. Similarly, too much information concerning other people is likely to affect individual relationships among members of the society.
References Schulten, K. (2012, February 17). How Much Information Is ‘Too Much Information’? – NYTimes.com. The Learning Network – The Learning Network Blog – NYTimes.com. Retrieved from https://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/02/17/how-much-information-is-too-much-information/
Social Justice and Gay Rights Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Causes of Opposition
Adverse Impacts of Opposition
Social Justice Perspective
Introduction The public’s perception of same sex relationships has undergone significant changes in the past century. As of the early 20th century, homosexual relations were shunned and criminalized in many nations through a number of sodomy laws.
This perception of gays was radically reformed thanks to the efforts of gay rights movements which trace their roots to the 1960s and the Stonewall Riots of 1969 which marked the birth of the gay and lesbian rights movement. These riots led to the formation of the Gay Liberation Front which demanded for the respect and the end of anti-gay legislation and police harassment.
The movement saw gay oppression as a social problem that required social structural changes to solve. The efforts of gay activists in the 1960s resulted in a decriminalization of same-sex conduct and to a large extent, an abolishment of most of the discriminations based on sexual orientation (Volokh 106).
However, in spite of the significant victories which the gay community has won in its quest for equality over the decades, gays in the US today continue to suffer from various forms of inequalities. Arguably the most visible inequality is the denial or marriage rights to same sex couples. This paper will highlight causes of the struggles faced by the gay community and articulate some social justice solutions to the problem.
Causes of Opposition Before the beginning of the 21st century, no nations or state had ever considered affording same-sex couples legal rights. Today, same-sex marriages have been realized in some countries and also a number of American states. Civil unions are acceptable to many and a majority of gay couples are able to enjoy some of the benefits that were previously restricted to heterosexual couples.
Support in the US for legal recognition for homosexual relations was high from 1960s up to 1990s with many Americans supporting the efforts of gay rights activists. However, this popular support has experienced significant declines following the landmark Texas anti-sodomy law of 2003 which made some gay and lesbian activities not only legal but protected by the law all through the US.
This ruling was viewed by many social conservative groups as a precursor to even more gay civil rights and because of this, there has been a backlash against recognition of gay relationships by many conservative groups. As a result of the successes of gay right activists, many counteractions which are primarily aimed at preventing gay rights have been launched.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The most significant of this has been the widespread efforts to prevent the legalization of same-sex marriages in many American states. Wardle notes that some states have gone as far as to make amendments to their constitutions so as to explicitly prohibit same-sex marriage.
Religion has played a major role in the denial of rights for gay and lesbian couples. As a matter of fact, the biggest opposition to same-sex unions stems from the religious beliefs of people with religions such as Christianity and Islam condemning homosexuality as evil and an abomination.
The Vatican which is the head of the largest Christian population in the world strongly declares that “there are absolutely no grounds for considering homosexual unions to be in any way similar or even remotely analogous to God’s plan for marriage and family” (Ratzinger and Amato 1).
Denike articulates that in the US, there is fear among the Christian population that allowing gay marriages would be crossing the line of “toleration of evil” and the “approval or legalization of evil” (71).
This observation is corroborated by Alvare who notes that “leading communities of faith in the United States are on record opposing the legal recognition of same-sex marriage” (349).To this section of the population; while sexual minorities and their relationships should be tolerated, they should not be entitled to state-administered benefits and special rights.
Volokh notes that it is because of the religious views of many public officials that the fight for legal recognition of same-sex marriages has enjoyed relatively limited success (1166). While the constitution calls for equality rights for all citizens, amendments have been proposed based on religious sentiments to “protect marriage” from the judicial system which fails to find compelling reasons to justify the discriminatory exclusion of gays and lesbians.
Adverse Impacts of Opposition A lack of justice has led to unnecessary suffering and harassment to gay individuals. Macgillivray reports that majority of openly identifying gay and lesbian students in America’s schools experience significant levels of violence from their peers (347). The struggle by gay activists to stop discrimination in schools has been opposed by morally conservative parents.
We will write a custom Essay on Social Justice and Gay Rights specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For these parents, school policies that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation lead to an inclusion of gay and lesbian issues in the curriculum which helps promote and legitimize homosexuality as being equal to heterosexuality (Macgillivray 348). The morally conservative parents therefore fiercely resist such policies since for them, the policies send out the message that “it’s ok to be gay” to their children.
Social Justice Perspective Equality is one of the founding principles of the United States and since the formulation of the constitution; laws and amendments have been made to extend equality to all people irrespective of their races and religion. Social justice is concerned with whether a society distributes its benefits “fairly and equitably” among its citizens (Blackwell, Janice and Sophia 28). Social justice demands that equal rights and opportunities be afforded to all members of the society.
As it currently stands, gay and lesbian couples are given certain rights and privileges in most states. However, these rights and privileges vary from state to state and there is a nearly universal denial of the right to marry for same-sex couples. Due to the disparity in laws protecting gay couples between states, gay couples can be legally discriminated against in some states.
The primary goal of marriage is to give social recognition to couples who have a close relationship and who would wish to spend their lives together. Denying same sex couples the right to enter this institute is therefore a form of discrimination.
This discrimination denies gay and lesbian couples of their right to enjoy fulfilling lives with their partners. Culhane demonstrates that affording same-sex couples the right to marry is not a special treatment but an issue of fairness and equality and for a pro-democracy nation like the US, such a move should be natural (486).
Marriage has some tangible benefits that are acquired by couples who join this institute. Lack of legal recognition of same-sex marriages results in gay and lesbian couples not being able to enjoy these benefits that are a part of the marriage institute (Bell 195).
Most opponents of gay marriages assert that they respect the rights of homosexuals and are opposed to discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. However, denying marriage rights to gay couples is discrimination. Gay rights activists argue that if marriage rights are fundamental for some (heterosexual couples) then they should be fundamental for all.
Discussion Gay rights activists have placed their hope for redress and justice in the mainstream Democratic Parties in our country. However, this move has not yielded major benefits since the government has mostly been complacent in the tribulations that face the gay population.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Social Justice and Gay Rights by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More While the government has constantly stated that it is neutral on the issue of gay rights and does not support anti-gay movements, it has been slow to take proactive measures to ensure that gay members of the community are protected from harassment by people who hold anti-gay sentiments.
Our constitution is enshrouded in the principles of protection of equality and fundamental rights of all citizens regardless of their age, sex, creed, or sexual orientation.
If our country is truly committed to equal rights, then legalizing same-sex marriages should be made a reality. Recognition of same-sex marriage is a fundamental goal if there is to be true equality between same-sex and opposite-sex union (Alvare 351). So long as same-sex marriages are not accepted all over the US, heterosexual unions will always be regarded as superior to homosexual unions.
Way Forward Gay rights advocates have intensified their efforts to gain legal recognition for same-sex unions and while some successes have been achieved, they still faced strong resistance from social conservative groups. Davis suggests that these minority group need to enlist the backing of heterosexual couples in their fight for equal right (44).
By working as allies, heterosexuals and homosexuals can help to foster a changing attitudes towards gay and lesbians. Through these efforts, stereotypical views and prejudices can be identified and dealt with. Increased awareness leads to tolerance and respect for those who have different sexual orientations from ourselves.
As has been noted, there has been growing attempts to deny gay and lesbians their liberty and rights. In the US, many states have allowed religious sexual doctrine to dictate limits to the legal recognition of relationships (Denike 72). Gay right activists should therefore focus their energy in resisting such forces and they should fight for legislation and judicial outcomes that will promote equality and ensure that gay individuals can thrive in society.
There should also be a campaign to advocate for gay rights even if people do not agree with the gay lifestyle. While people are allowed to hold their own opinion regarding homosexuality, they should not be allowed to limit the freedoms of homosexual individuals on this basis. Truth and justice demands that full liberty be afforded to gays and all forms of discrimination must be abolished.
Conclusion This paper has noted that while there have been significant achievements in the struggle for gay rights, there are still major obstacles to realizing full rights for this minority group. The most significant opposition comes from social conservative groups and religious organizations which are keen to ensure that gays do not achieve full equality with heterosexual couples.
This is against the concept of social justice which advocates for equality for all people. All citizens who endorse the concept of social justice should therefore support the enactment of policies that will give gay and lesbian people equal rights with the rest of the community and specifically legalize gay marriages.
Works Cited Alvare, Helen. “The moral reasoning of family law: the case of same-sex marriage”. Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 38.2 (2007): 349-377. Web.
Bell, Jonathan. “To Strive for Economic and Social Justice”: Welfare, Sexuality, and Liberal Politics in San Francisco in the 1960s”. The Journal of Policy History 22.2 (2010): 193-225. Web.
Blackwell, Christopher, Janice, Ricks and Sophia Dziegielewski. Discrimination of Gays and Lesbians: A Social Justice Perspective. Journal of Health
Economic Sanctions Against Iran Argumentative Essay essay help
Living in the global society, it is important to follow the rules created for this society. When one country refuses to meet the requirements and tries to live in accordance with personal rules, the whole world may stand against it. Such situation has happened with Iran, the country which ahs decided to develop personal nuclear program. The importance for the country and the danger for the whole world from the nuclear weapon are obvious.
Having developed a nuclear weapon, Iran will have an opportunity to dictate their rules for other countries keeping them in stress, while others countries will have either to submit or to wait for the implementation of the warnings. The situation created around Iran and its nuclear program is advantageous, as for me, because the country has strong arguments which can help it avoid the punishment from the USA and other Western countries.
Trying to present the situation in brief, the following information should be stated. Iran has decided to develop a nuclear program. The reasons for such decision are numerous; however, the most important of them is that Iran has all the necessary resources and knowledge.
Therefore, Iran is a country, which can allow itself develop and create an atom bomb (YouTube, 2012). However, the USA and the European Union strongly disagree with this decision and try to do all possible to prevent Iran from continuing their nuclear program. Therefore, the country has appeared in a complicated situation as in care it refuses to stop its nuclear program, the USA and other countries threaten to stop consuming its oil which may negatively influence the economy of Iran.
However, Iran, in its tern, threatens to block the Strait of Hormuz, which is recognized to be an extremely important waterway for various countries, including the USA (the United States and other countries are provided with oil through the channel). Anyway, the government of the USA is ready to take certain actions and reopen the Strait of Hormuz, if Iran acts.
Generally, while speaking about economic sanctions, one is to keep in mind that they are to be imposed in order to achieve international political objectives.
While Iran refused to freeze its nuclear program, the United States and the European Union decided to impose additional sanctions, in order to concentrate on the country’s additional trade. However, nobody will deny the fact that the financial sanctions had a moderate impact on Iran’s uranium enrichment program.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Taking into account the report the general director of IAEA provided the governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency with, some important aspects of Iran’s nuclear program were clarified.
First of all, it should be pointed out that possible military dimensions of Iran’s uranium program were revealed; the document contains information on Iran’s nuclear program and depicts information, which “indicates that Iran has carried out … activities that are relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device” (Joyner, 2011, para. 3).
However, taking into consideration Iran’s agreement with the IAEA, one can conclude that there are certain key aspects, which are not highlighted in the report. For instance, there is no information about the location of Iran’s uranium stores as well as about the details of uranium enrichment process. In other words, the report is mostly related to the development of nuclear weapon.
Another important aspect, which cannot be neglected, is Iran’s claims that more uranium is to be produced to help people who need medical treatment. “In order to provide medical assistance to 800,000 cancer patients, Iran needs to enrich uranium up to 20% to be able to feed Tehran’s (research) reactor that produces the needed radioisotopes” (“Uranium Enrichment Begins at Iranian Site,” 2012, para. 8).
Having considered all the facts devoted to this situation, I made a conclusion that I cannot agree with the phrase that economic sanctions against Iran will be effective in changing its behavior with regard to its nuclear weapons program.
The very fact that the USA imposed its sanctions on Iran in December 2011 and Iran still continues developing its program and is not going to stop its work says much about the seriousness of its intentions (Blocking the Strait of Hormuz: Options for GCC Countries, 2012).
To understand the reasons of my point of view and to try to create another, opposite opinion, I will try to present two points of view giving objective arguments in favor of each statement, whether economic sanctions against Iran will be effective in changing its behavior or not.
We will write a custom Essay on Economic Sanctions Against Iran specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The fact the development of the nuclear weapon in Iran has become familiar for the whole world and the global society beliefs that this is the fact that threatens them. Therefore, Iran must stop its program and refuse from possessing the nuclear weapon. However, Iran disagrees with such claim and continues its program. The USA and the European Union understand that Iran should be not only threaten, but also punished, therefore, they impose several sanctions.
The European Union refuses to purchase oil from Iran. The decision was made in December, 2011, but the crisis will come in July 1, 2012 when the contract will end, and the countries are not going to sing a new contract with Iran which may become one of the reasons for conflict. The ban on oil purchases from Iran will cover imports of crude oil, petroleum products and petrochemical products. European market has about a fifth of Iran’s oil exports.
The European Union did not want to come to military measures in solving the problem and they have decided to act in such a way. Alain Juppé, France’s foreign minister said, “To avoid any military solution, which could have irreparable consequences, we have decided to go further down the path of sanctions.
It is a good decision that sends a strong message and which I hope will persuade Iran that it must change its position, change its line and accept the dialogue that we propose” (Castle
Philosophical movement Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Existentialism Movement
Existence precedes essence
Existentialist view of human freedom
Generally, a philosophical movement is an increase in popularity of a particular school of philosophical thinking. These movements are usually composed of a number of philosophers who agree with the particular school of philosophy. Other groups of people that may be involved in the movements may be scientists, political figures and historians.
However, most of the philosophical movements in the past were based on individual thinkers. These thinkers frequently disagreed with each other and had varying opinions concerning the proposed school of philosophy.
Most of the defining ideas of the movements were originally derived based on individual ideas. Most of them are usually given the suffix ‘ism’. Movements can be seen to have existed long in history. There are ancient philosophical movements, which existed long ago.
Examples include Confucianism, Aristotelianism, Pythagoreanism, and Stoicism, among many others. Later on, the medieval philosophical movements came along. They include Neo-Confucianism, Thomism, Scotism and Scholasticism. More recently, the philosophical movements that were developed were referred to as the modern philosophical movements. In this paper, I will address the Existentialism Movement and argue that Sartre made the most controversial contribution to the movement. Therefore, I will concentrate on his contributions.
Existentialism Movement Existentialism is a concept in philosophy that believes in individualism as the beginning of the understanding of human existence (Appignanesi and Zarate 12). It began in the mid-19th century. Soren Kierkegaard is believed to be the first philosopher in this school of philosophy.
Jean-Paul Sartre was also a believer in the Existentialist movement. He wrote an essay on ‘Existentialism and Humanism’ in order to argue his position with regards to human nature (Sartre 54). In his view, he believed that existence comes before essence.
This is to mean that the person’s existence determines that person’s essence and not the other way round. In other words, Sartre was trying to imply that nothing dictated the character of an individual, his goals or such personal attributes. In his argument, he claimed that man exists first. Man then encounters himself. Later on, man surges up in the world after which he defines himself.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sartre strongly argued against what he referred to as ‘deterministic excuses’. He claimed that people should not make excuses but take responsibility for their actions and behavior. He also defined anguish. He suggested that this was a feeling that one had after realizing that he or she is not only responsible for himself or herself but for all humanity. This feeling makes people to realize the extent of their actions in shaping humanity. Therefore, they judge others based on their attitudes.
Sartre also defined abandonment. He suggested that this is a feeling of loneliness and the atheist suffered from it as they realized that God never existed. They realize that since God does not exist, they do not have some supernatural being to prescribe a way of life. They lack a God who would provide guidance for people on the way of life. They felt abandoned and felt alone in the entire universe.
The work by Sartre has faced mixed reactions with some criticizing it because of the way it presents the superficial view of existentialism. Contrasting views also exist within the philosophical anthropology of the Catholic personalistic tradition. The catholic leaders (pope) have greatly condemned the concept of existentialism (Dulles 146).
Existence precedes essence In this line of philosophical thinking, existence comes before essence (Sartre 32). This is to mean that the life of a person is what makes up what is referred to as the person’s ‘essence’. This also means that essence is not predetermined and used to define human nature. Other well-known philosophers such as Kierkegaard and Heidegger also agreed with this concept.
In this line of thought, a person defines herself or himself. This is believed to be a form of statement of what the person wishes to become and that is what becomes of him or her (Sartre 15). However, other philosophers argue that a person’s perceptions only do not count since this would constitute of inauthentic existence.
They argue that the person is not only defined by his perceptions but also by the actions taken by the person. An example is that of a person who is said to be cruel. Such a person must have acted in a cruel manner towards other people. This gives the person the given identity.
This notion argues against the existence of human nature, which claims that it is embedded in the human genes. This is to mean that a person can choose to act in a different way. One can choose not to be cruel and be good instead. Therefore, if one has a choice, it means he or she is neither cruel nor good essentially. This argument tries to dispute the existence of human nature since everyone has a choice of what one wants to become or how one wants to act.
We will write a custom Essay on Philosophical movement specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This also explains the meaning of the phrase ‘existence precedes essence’. Man is not defined by predetermined nature. However, it is his or her everyday actions and choices that give him or her that identity. A person exists first. Later on, he or she defines himself or herself. It is always a matter of choice. Man can choose to conform to the status quo or to try to fit into the society by being what is expected of him.
This way, the society or human nature defines you. However, this reduces the person to a mere object. It is also a matter of choice when it comes to defining yourself differently. One can project himself or herself towards a new horizon of possibility. This way, the possibilities are endless and you can become what you want to become. This means that man is what he wants to be. He has the power to become a slave of human nature or to project towards greatness. In essence, you are what you make of yourself.
Individuality The philosophical thought behind existentialism revolves around the individual and his experiences. What is meant by being absolute individuals? When this is looked at thoroughly, it is seen that every individual is alone in the universe. Every individual experiences pain, fear or pleasure individually and from the inside.
These feelings are subjective. Other individuals cannot understand the feeling because they are viewing objectively. The same things apply to us. We may want to understand what one feels but we can only see them externally. In other words, one cannot feel what someone else is feeling and it is impossible to understand what is going on in another person’s mind.
Essentially, what man perceives immediately and directly is his or her own thoughts. When one looks at another person or object, what one sees is not the person or object as it is. One only views it as a representation of his or her own experiences. What one perceives is usually one’s self and the kind of experiences one has. Therefore, it is as if every individual is trapped within his or her own mind. This renders the person unable to feel anything else but his or her own feelings and experiences.
Existentialist view of human freedom Sartre defines existentialists as both Christians (Catholics) and atheists. He argues that it is common to both that existence precedes essence. This is to mean that it always begins with the subjective (Sartre 65). Sartre, as an atheist, does not believe in the existence of God. However, he believes in the existence of man. This is a being that exists before being predefined.
Since he does not believe in the existence of God, he does not believe in the existence of human nature. He claims that there is no God to conceive human nature. He argues that man conceives himself and then comes into existence.
To him and other existentialists, it is embarrassing that God does not exist. This is because (to them) there is no possibility of there being a heaven. Sartre quoted the work of another philosopher who claimed that if God did not exist, nothing would be restricted. Sartre agrees with him because he believes that man is condemned to be free. He is responsible for his own passion.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Philosophical movement by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In order to explain the concept of freedom, Sartre gave an example of Jesuit who had joined that order not because it had been predetermined (calling) but because he saw an opportunity and seized it. When this Jesuit was a little boy, his father died and this left him in poverty.
He also suffered from low self-esteem in school. In his later years, he attempted to join the military but failed due to some issues. He would have regarded himself as a failure but instead, found a clever way of getting himself out of the situation. He took it as a ‘sign’ that leading a religious life was what had been purposed for him. Therefore, according to Sartre, this was a decision made only by the man and he would have chosen to become a revolutionary or a carpenter if he had so wished.
Most of the concepts proposed by Sartre conflicted with the beliefs of the Christians. These were particularly on the issue about the origin of man and the existence of God. The Christians believe in the existence of a supreme God.
In the ‘new evangelization’ by Pope John Paul II, the church should focus on proclaiming the Gospel of Christ to all those who have not received the message (Gibbs 327). This shown existence of God. In the anthropology of the Pope, every individual is created in the image of God (Dulles 145). This reflects a form of human nature that is predetermined before the existence of man. Contrary to this, Sartre believes that that existence comes before essence. He believes that man exists first then the rest follow.
Conclusion Existentialism is one of the modern philosophical movements of the 19th century. It was based on the belief that a philosophical thought begins with an individual and his or her experiences. Sartre made several contributions and the concept he developed was that existence precedes essence. He also argued against the existence of human nature. Several of his beliefs were controversial and faced resistance especially among the Christians.
Works Cited Appignanesi, Richard, and Oscar Zarate. Introducing Existentialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Print.
Dulles, Avery. The Reshaping of Catholicism: Current Challenges in the Theology of Church. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1988. Print.
Gibbs, Philip. “The Transformation of Culture as New Evangelization for the Third Millennium in Oceania.” Studia Missionalia 48 (1999): 327-347. Print.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. Existentialism and Humanism. London: Methuen, 1948. Print.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. Existentialism and Human emotions. Trans. Bernard Frechtman. New York: Philosophical Library, 1957. Print.
Double circle problem Analytical Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
The double circle problem would require a creative divergent thinking approach. This is a type of thinking that results in the production of several ideas from one single entity. All the ideas may not be workable, but from amongst them, one can find a new and refreshing solution. It requires ‘thinking outside the box’ since the conventional route will not yield desired results.
In the case of the double-circle problem, one is required to draw two parallel circles- one small one inside a large one- without lifting the writing instrument.
Clearly, this is not a problem that one can solve using conventional methods of thinking. One needs to consider all possible ways of handling the problem. The instructions state that one cannot lift one’s pen, but they do not state that one cannot rearrange one’s paper. Through creative thinking, one immediately realizes that the problem is easily solvable when one changes the paper.
Therefore, one can start by drawing the inner circle; that is, start with a line from one point and then go round and back to the starting point. After drawing this first inner circle, one should keep the writing instrument (pen) at the starting point and then use the other hand to fold the paper on which one is drawing the diagram. It should be noted that for this method to work, one should draw the circles near any of the four corners of the paper.
After folding one corner of the paper into a triangular shape, the tip of the fold should meet the pen or drawing instrument. One can then move the pen outward through the folded bit and when one gets to the unfolded part, one can draw a bigger circle around the small one. However, this will leave some space, in the outer circle, equal to the folded bit. To overcome this problem, one should unfold the corner (while still keeping the pen on the paper) and then complete the outer circle.
Types of organizational problems that require this type of thinking Organizations often deal with scenarios where they have to solve difficult problems even after exhausting all logical avenues. In such scenarios, they will need to use creative thinking to get out of such dilemmas.
For instance when a battery manufacturing company has made and sold a whole line of batteries that leak, it could face the possibility of loosing all its clients owing to this error. However, if members of the firm think of creative ways to correct the problems, then they can turn that disastrous event into an insignificant one.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They may think about changing the name of the battery and recalling all the faulty ones. Besides this, they can implement a new quality system and then remarket the new ones as fault proof.
Additionally, organizations require creative thinking when introducing new products in the market or when starting up. Entrepreneurs use divergent thinking methods in order to determine new ways of generating value from available resources.
One person may look at stockings and think of nothing new about them; however, the entrepreneur may create something significantly different by introducing stockings with an additional leg that can be folded and tucked between the other two legs when one is wearing them.
The third, folded one can be exchanged for a torn one when the situation arises. Such a person has introduced something significantly different, and he or she can only do that when using divergent creative thinking.
In addition to solving difficult organizational problems and starting new businesses, companies can also use creative thinking when introducing new products. IBM introduced its 1981 PC to the market by letting its engineers create a completely different computer using a series of start up materials. As a result, this model revolutionized the computer industry and made the PC a mass product.
Digital Crime Scenario Report college essay help near me
Introduction According to the intelligence service, online fraud has been the most commonly used type of digital crime. In addition to that, they have released a report that says that one out of every ten users of the internet has at one time or the other been a victim of the online fraudsters who pose as clients or sellers or merchandise (Harkins, 2011). This prompted the government to create a website where one can be able to report any incidences of online fraud.
With reference to the given question, this paper will a scenario that details of a digital online fraud and will also give the specific detail of the fraud.
Scenario of an online fraud
A very good example of an online fraud is where internet users fall victim to the rogue security software that is found over the internet.
This type of software is used to trick the internet user into buying and installing a fake antivirus which in term takes over the operations of the computer (Harkins, 2011). This rogue security software can appear on a website in the form of an advertisement which in most of the time informs that internet user of their win for being a visitor to the website and once it has been clicked it automatically installs itself into the operating system of the computer (Bird, 2011).
The website will then display a warning of a virus in the computer operating system and will then encourage the internet user to buy and install an antivirus that they have. The internet user will go ahead and buy the antivirus without realising that it is not a genuine antivirus. The antivirus then installs its components into the computer which may appear in many forms.
Once the components have been installed, the website will continue to alert the internet user of more malicious components and will lure the internet user into paying for more services. The components will then disable some of the parts that are involved in the uninstalling of the malware so as to stop the user from being able to uninstall the components that are in the operating system (Bryant, 2008).
The developers of this rogue security software will play with the internet user’s mind to be able to make him / her pay for services using his / her credit cards yet nothing is being done to fix the situation. This kind of fraud account for 50% of the internet advertisement that are seen on a daily basis and this gives a more likely chance for internet users to be able to fall into the traps of the internet fraudsters.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These developers create a problem for the internet user who clicks on the fake advertisements that are displayed on websites and thereafter charge him / her lots of money so as to able to fix the problem which is not what they will do. They instead continue creating more problems for the internet user and continue luring him / her into paying for the services of trying to remove the malware that has been installed into the operating system of the computer (Thorsteinson, 2009).
Conclusion In conclusion, for the developers of the rogue security software to be able to lure the internet users into their traps, they are creating an advertisement that informs that internet user of a win from visiting the website and after he /she has click of the win, malware is automatically installed into his / her computer thereby giving the chance to the developer to charge the internet user for the services of removing the malware.
References Bird, R. (2011). CyberLaw: Text and Cases, Oklahoma, OK: Cengage Learning.
Bryant, R. (2008). Investigating Digital Crime, London, UK: Oxford University Press.
Harkins, B. (2011). Rogue Software. London, UK: John Wiley and Sons.
Thorsteinson, P. (2009). Net Security and Cryptography, New York, NY: Sage.
Advertising and Mass Awareness Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Future of Advertising
Introduction Advertising can be defined as a kind of commercial mass communication intended to advance the sale of goods and services. It can as well be viewed as a message designed by an organization or an individual to encourage members of the public to adopt a certain policy (Louw 14).
From the definition, it is eminent that advertising can be viewed from various viewpoints. However, the main aim of advertising is to increase a company’s sales of goods and services. Advertising is a common phenomenon in the contemporary world, having started many years ago when individuals wanted to improve the image of their organizations or their life styles.
In the 20th century, advertising turned out to be a reliable source of expanding the operations of an organization, as well as increasing the popularity of individuals during campaigns. Some of the media such as newspapers, TV, mails, magazines and the internet became some of the important mediums used by organizations and political leaders to convince members of the public to endorse their ideologies.
Advertising has always been utilized to distribute information to consumers, even though it has both negative and positive impacts. Advertising can be used to persuade people to engage in unhealthy actions such as smoking or drinking, which are proved harmful to individual health.
As globalization was witnessed in the mid 20th century, people had to advertise their goods, agendas and ideologies in order to match increasing competition in the world (Kleppner 23). During the Cold War, the two superpowers utilized advertising to convince the global public to accept their ideologies. Advertising has grown with time meaning that it keeps on changing.
The Past In the 1950s, the advertising industry flourished owing to the availability of communication mediums such as TV sets, radio and many others. A single sponsor mainly funded many programs in the TV and Radios. People respected TV’s adverts after realizing that they could influence an individual’s choice of a product or idea.
Consequently, the adverts that were previously considered cheap became expensive to an extent that only big corporations and prominent individuals would afford. Moreover, the lengths of adverts became shorter because there were many people wishing to advertise their goods and services via the same media.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since it was the main channel of advertising, various individuals purchased the TV sets in 1960s and 1970s in order to access important information from political leaders and businesspersons (Horkheimer 12). In 1980s, there were further developments when there were additional cable TV, which gave rise to ESPN, CNN and MTV. At this time, there were changes in the advertising industry whereby commercials turned out to be less real and fantastic (Habermas 31).
Companies went ahead to convince the public to consume their products or services without considering health concerns. For instance, the Coca-Cola Company encouraged people to consume its drinks without revealing the contents. Scholars at the time were keen to criticize the commercial adverts because people could consume substandard products only because they are advertised in the TV (Lears 54).
Some believed that all products were the same, only that they are packaged differently to confuse the consumer. For instance, General Mills Company produced more than 65 different cereals. The company could advertise the products differently hence confusing the consumer to believe that the products are made differently, with different ingredients.
Critics argued that commercial adverts only encouraged the public to consume goods and services according to the adverts. People believed that advertising could solve their consumption needs, which was a false perception (Achbar 21).
The Present In the 21st century, advertising is a big business because each company and corporate organization aims at promoting its image through advertising. In 2001 for instance, $18.6 billion were spent on TV advertising in the US alone (Cook 43). In 2002, the US agency on communication reported that $41 billion was spent on broadcast advertising (Graydon 45).
This shows how advertising has grown over the years to surpass the expectations of many. Currently, other forms of advertising such as the internet are slowly overtaking traditional forms of advertising such as TV and radio advertising.
This is mainly because of the change in technology whereby the consumer is believed to be using the internet frequently, as opposed to listening or watching the radio and the TV respectively. Digital signage is the main mass media owing to its capability to reach a huge number of consumers at a reduced fee. Furthermore, the company can easily track the progress and the effectiveness of the advert.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Advertising and Mass Awareness specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Due to technology, it is possible in the contemporary world to control the information meant for consumers easily, which would enable the sender to reach the target at a convenient time. The supermarkets are successfully using digital signage to advertise their products.
Furthermore, the use of World Wide Web is overtaking the use of traditional mediums of advertising. Individuals are using social sites such as Face book and Twitter during campaigns to popularize their political parties, as well as services. The sites are effective because they attract a large audience, especially the youths who are very important in any political process.
The Future of Advertising Niche Marketing whereby individuals would be targeting specific regions or audience, owing to increased competition and increased uncertainties in business, would characterize future advertising.
Through niche marketing, advertisers would be able to reach many people because this form of advertising would be targeting only a few individuals who would be showing potential interest to consume the goods or services of a particular company. In the past, the aim of many companies was to produce goods in mass and advertise the same goods to the entire public.
This system had several shortcomings because the advertiser would not track the usage of the good or service, the profiles of customers could not be established and it consumed many resources and time. Niche marketing is more efficient because it offers advertisers with a chance to define the market clearly. This would help them to come up with adverts that suit a particular market. In other words, niche marketing aims at changing the attitude of the consumer from being reactive to becoming proactive.
In future, research would determine the effectiveness of any commercial advert. For any company to attempt to advertise its goods or service, it would first conduct a pre-test research to establish its effectiveness. This would be aimed at reducing the costs because some goods and services might be advertised but their sales would not increase.
This is always considered a loss to a firm. From the above analysis, it is true that advertising has undergone various stages, depending on the development of technology. Advertising depends on technology meaning that it changes with the changes in technology. Before the internet age, the TV was the main medium of distributing information.
Conclusion From the above analysis, it can be concluded that advertising is an important aspect in human life since it contributes to improvement of living standards. Advertising is known for shaping the way people interact, as well as creating mass awareness. As far as its development is concerned, the earlier advertisement channel was mainly the television, radio and the newspaper.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Advertising and Mass Awareness by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Currently, advertisement depends on the internet as the major channel of passing information. Unlike in the past where producers of goods and services would produce in mass and advertisement later, the current producer targets specific markets based on advertisement response. In future, advertisement is projected to improve whereby producers would employ niche marketing.
Works Cited Achbar, Mark. Manufacturing consent: Noam Chomsky and the media: the companion book to the award-winning film by Peter Wintonick and Mark Achbar. New York: Black Rose Books, 1994. Print.
Cook, Guy. The Discourse of Advertising. London: Routledge, 2001. Print.
Graydon, Shari. Made You Look – How Advertising Works and Why You Should Know. Toronto: Annick Press, 2003. Print.
Habermas, Jürgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: an Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989. Print.
Horkheimer, Max. Dialectic of Enlightenment. London: Allen Lane, 1973. Print.
Kleppner, Otto. Advertising Procedure. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1966. Print.
Lears, Jackson. Fables of Abundance: A Cultural History of Advertising in America. New York: Basic Books, 1995. Print.
Louw, Eric. The Media and Cultural Production. London: Sage Publications, 2001. Print.
Healthcare Information needs at Presbyterian Hospital Essay argumentative essay help
Introduction The study aimed at establishing the informational challenges and needs of physicians and nurses at Presbyterian Hospital. They used focused group discussions to flash out the necessary data needed to explain their findings. The study established numerous information needs that applied to both healthcare professionals. The study established three different categories of information needs. They included source format, source characteristics, and customized content (McKnight, Stetson, Bakken, Curran,
Modernization and Democracy Research Paper writing essay help
Modernization refers to a process through which a society improves its socials aspects and economic and political capabilities. On the other hand, democracy refers to the vesting power on the people so that they can exercise it directly and independently through various means.
Economic enhancement is attained through industrialization while political capabilities improve through the process of bureaucratization (Inglehart, 1997). The issue regarding the correlation between modernization and democracy has undergone endlessly debates.
There exists a close relationship between democracy and modernization. Modernization facilitates the conditions conducive for development. A combination of various aspects of the society plays a vital role in the process of modernization, which must include democratization to be complete.
An analysis of varied cultural aspects demonstrates that some cultures are more conducive to processes of modernization and democratization compared to others. An analysis of Catholicism and Protestantism clearly demonstrates this phenomenon. The idea of modernity first emerged in protestant countries considering their early modernization. On the other hand, countries practicing Catholicism modernized and democratized late (Wucherpfennig
Ethical Frameworks in the Era of Globalization Definition Essay essay help: essay help
The globalization process has introduced new patterns in the world’s economy. By attracting more companies, it provides new ethical frameworks and moral responsibilities for legal entities to follow. So far, business institutions failed to regard safety and security of environment and society and prioritize their duties and responsibilities in front of people.
Instead, their primary objective was to meet their personal interests and increase their revenues at any price. However, personal objectives had a serious impact on the surrounding world. Working under intolerable conditions, people receive extremely low salaries.
Failure to experience guilt and reluctance to conform to social norms led to the diagnosing the pathology of business institutions. Nowadays, international perspective of business does not admit development of corporation who act beyond accepted social standards. Respecting moral within the organization should also influence the overall image of the corporation.
In the movie Corporation (Achbar
Modernization and Its Correlation With Democracy Research Paper college admission essay help
The introduction Some basic points
While discussing modernization and democracy as well as their interdependence, it is necessary to consider the fundamentals of both issues in detail. First of all, it should be pointed out that modernization theory is considered to be extremely important for the processes of democratization. As far as politics and modernization are recognized to be closely interdependent issues, one can probably make a conclusion that certain changes in the developing world were caused by interaction of the issues of discussion.
The thesis statement
In order to understand modernization-democracy link, the advantages and disadvantages concerning the issues’ interdependence, it is necessary to analyze the reasons of the processes of modernization and the ways they transformed democratic prospects.
Modernization and democracy as separate units
Modernization is mostly associated with a model of social evolutionism, which main purpose is to transform certain issues (political, social, etc.) from traditional to advanced, improved or modern.
When speaking about the meaning of democracy, there is a need to point out that there are four aspects of the term, which must be taken into consideration. For instance, one is to remember that the term is associated with collective decision making; therefore, the kind of equality among supporters of the political unit can be regarded as one of the characteristic features of democracy.
The fact that there are many various kinds of groups, which can be regarded as democratic is another important aspect democracy is based on. In other words, there can be “democracy in families, voluntary organizations, economic firms, as well as states and transnational and global organizations” (Christiano, 2006, para. 3). It is also important to remember that there are no normative questions democracy can be associated with. Finally, the equality in democracy is considered to be a relative issue.
The body Does modernization require democracy?
Generally, it must be noted that the impact of modernization on the democratic prospects should be regarded rather ambiguously, as the distorted nature of various political processes cannot provide us with a reliable understanding of democracy development in different parts of the world.
Taking into account the fact that modernization theory is based on certain cultural values, one is to keep in mind that some democratic values seem to be of the same origin; thus, modernization and democracy involve some common variables, which are connected.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In other words, it is obvious that causal linkages between modernization processes and democratic ones exist for a long time. Grigore Pop-Eleches (2009) highlights the interdependence between the issues and states that “modernization theory has recently made an unexpected comeback as an explanation of cross-national regime patterns, as several statistically sophisticated approaches have assessed the impact of socio-economic development on the initiation and survival of democracy” (p. 1).
In my opinion, the processes of modernization are to be based on strong democratic principles, if democracy represents a highly formal kind. As far as some concepts of democracy can be regarded as rather dangerous, there is a strong need to remember about morally desirable forms of the political unit.
So, on the one hand, one can probably make a conclusion that modernization requires democracy, if the conceptions of humanity and society are inherently fair; on the other hand, one can also state that modernization does not require democracy, as democratic methods are regarded as inappropriate and undesirable.
I am a supporter of the first assumption, as democracy is considered to be extremely important for our society and the processes of modernization should be based on the basic principles of democracy. However, I also understand that the idea seems to be utopian, as numerous conflicts between various political regimes cannot be neglected.
While analyzing the article written by Ronald F. Inglehart and Christian Welzel (2010), one is to keep in mind the basic issues concerning the role of modernization in democratization. Thus, the authors state that:
Certain mass attitudes that are linked with modernization constitute attributes of given societies that are fully as stable as standard social indicators; when treated as national-level variables, these attitudes seem to have predictive power comparable to that of widely-used social indicators in explaining important societal-level variables such as democracy; national-level mean scores are a legitimate social indicator; and one gets maximum analytic leverage by analyzing data from the full range of societies (p. 551-567).
In other words, it seems that without democracy modernization processes will have no sense. Of course, the topic of discussion is rather contradictory, as the problems of democratic citizenship cannot be ignored. The sorts of criticisms concerning a variety of problems of democratic principles give us an opportunity to suppose that in future the situation can become worse. However, on the other hand, some solutions on the kinds of democratic problems should also be taken into account.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Modernization and Its Correlation With Democracy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Elite theory of democracy, interest group pluralism, neo-liberalism, the self-interest assumptions, etc. should be carefully analyzed, in order to understand for sure whether modernization needs democracy or no. My own assumptions seem to be quite hypothetical, as I consider the so-called ideal or correct democracy.
Adam Przeworski and Fernando Limongi (1997) state that “Modernization consists of a gradual differentiation and specialization of social structures that culminates in a separation of political structures from other structures and makes democracy possible” (p. 2). Thus, there are the so-called causal chains, which must be taken into account, while analyzing the process of democratization.
For instance, it should be noted that industrialization, education, the process of creating towns, interaction, conscription, etc. seem to represent the sequence of peculiar causal chains, which form social changes and give rise to the final stage of modernization – democratization.
The idea of successful economic development is also associated with democratic influences. For this reason, some countries consider modernization as a necessary step to become political democracies. To my mind, the most important issue, which cannot be neglected, is that many politicians do not understand that democracy is not a product of modernization.
On the contrary, modernization gives democracy an opportunity to survive; thereby, modern approaches to the concepts of democracy are to be developed. Modernization requires democracy, because most of its cultural variables are based on the kind of a political unit. Still, it must be repeated that without democracy, there will be no modernization.
One of the major contradictions concerning the question whether modernization requires democracy or no, is reflected by the idea that “events during critical historical junctures can lead to divergent political–economic development paths, some leading to prosperity and democracy, others to relative poverty and non-democracy” (Robinson et al., 2009).
The conclusion “Lipset first established the theoretical link between the level of development of a given country and its probability of being democratic” (Wucherpfennig
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction In literature, many authors have well used writing techniques that capture the reader and create a desire within to read their work. With this, novel authors have used variety of writing skills varying from dramatic openings to use of fictional techniques to convey their ideas. Others have also used distinctively interesting characters at the center of their literature. However, mark Haddon, in his novel “The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night- time”, uses distinctive techniques to make his work interesting and outstanding.
On top of the normal and expected techniques by most readers, he uses extraordinary ones capturing many readers in a distinctive way. This essay seeks to find out and explain the distinctive techniques used in the Haddon’s novel, which draw many readers into its world. It will also see the ways in which these techniques remain outstanding.
Haddon’s Techniques Mark Haddon can be termed as a well-gifted narrative author, with highly creative ways to capture readers into his work. He captures the reader from the beginning, makes him feel like he is playing part in the narrative, and finally leaves him delighted and encouraged to reread the narrative.
Haddon uses narrative in the first person is by itself a distinct technique that woos many readers (Mark). He puts the reader into the shoes of the narrator through the language he uses. On top of this, he uses a very distinct narrator who is a young boy of 15 years age who is autistic (Haddon 4).
Inasmuch as a novel is meant to entertain, Haddon opens the mind of the reader, insights and inform him about autistic children. He not only speaks about them but shows the reader how their brains work. He also uses the autistic person to portray this, which is very interesting and an outstanding technique. Information on autism is not familiar with many. The technique to mix entertainment with insights and information captures the reader to hold to the novel all through.
In the general view, he uses a child as the narrator of the story. He speaks through the mouth of this young boy, making the focus of the narrative change from Haddon to Christopher an autistic child. The voice of the child pulls the attention of the reader since it’s rare and appeals for more concern.
Inasmuch as many novels seek to portray the overcoming of a disability, Haddon uses an opposite technique (Mark). He uses a character with a disability and one who co-exists with it to the end. In other words, he uses a technique that makes the reader feel in a totally different world.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It separates the reader from the normal to the abnormal and unexpected. Everything that Christopher says has a lot of sense considering his condition. This reader’s effect receives an opposition from the people who surround Christopher who tend to ignore whatever he says (Haddon 110). This thus leads to drawing the reader to develop a curiosity that is maintained throughout the narrative.
He uses Asperger’s syndrome to support the point of using disability. This syndrome is basically a disorder representing disability. Haddon shows Christopher as one who has lost basic and important felling. He can only laugh and cry. This as a result interferes with the smooth relationship they had with his dad.
In addition he remains without a friend through the narrative. This therefore makes one feel emotional detachment of Christopher and tends to support his side, which always seems to lose throughout the narrative. On the other hand, Christopher’s condition touches on family relationships, which create an automatic attachment with the reader. Haddon therefore manages to carry the reader into the world of the novel and holds the reader to the end of the novel.
The title of the book (The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night- time) is enough to make the reader develop some curiosity. One would basically be carried by the fact it is a curious incident of a dog in the night time. Haddon does not use day time. The use of night time completely makes one have multiple guesses of what the incident would be.
In addition the use of dog and not a cow makes the reader have in mind million of incidents that a dog can be involved in at night. This lays a foundation from which many questions will be answered by reading the novel, thus capturing the reader’s curiosity into the world of the novel.
According to the pace of flow of events set at the beginning of the book, one would expect the murder mystery to be solved in the final pages. Haddon surprises the reader when such mystery is solved at an unexpected point. This gives time for the narrative to pick a higher pitch with raise in emotions and expands the restrictions of Christopher’s difficulty.
It is after the disclosure of mystery when more unexpected characters appear, offering more opposition to Christopher (Haddon 50). The reader hopes things get better for Christopher; they at this point get worse increasing the reader’s attention to the narrative.
We will write a custom Essay on The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Haddon also uses ‘detection’ theme to keep the reader parallel to the narrator thus holding the reader. The whole idea of the narrative is to detect the murder mystery. On the other hand the reader authentically tends to detect what Christopher will do, by reading his mind. Christopher all through believes something is wrong with the people surrounding him.
Haddon’s techniques remain outstanding to date since hardly are there authors using similar techniques. His techniques remain distinct. However, it is important to note that Haddon’s novel has not come to being through much research but through his experiences in life. It is more distinct when you write your own experience and no other people’s experience.
Conclusion Mark Haddon story is distinct, moving and very entertaining and interesting. The techniques he uses in his work are rare and hardly found in other stories and narratives. No other author has shown such techniques as Haddon. The all work together to capture the reedier into the world the novel.
Moreover, even if not all, at least one of these techniques will make a reader desire to read the work. After beginning to read one gets tied into the narrative emotionally, thus feeling to hold throughout the narrative. Haddon avoids fulfilling the reader’s expectation through Christopher.
He makes sure that the reader plays part in the narrative. All these techniques empower each other thus drawing the reader into the novels world. More authors should endeavor to use such techniques since they not only capture many people, even those who are not avid readers, but also educate.
Works Cited Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. London: Jonathan Cape, 2003. Print.
“Mark Haddon Interview.” DNA learning center. Cold Spring Habor Laboratory, n.d. Web.
Korean Immigrants and Refugees in New York Report (Assessment) college essay help near me: college essay help near me
The Korean population in the US is about one million (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). This is an increase of 1500 percent since 1970 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000).
The Korean immigrants and refugees are concentrated in cities such as Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, San Francisco and Washington DC. New York is the second largest city with Korean population after Los Angeles this is attributed to its earliest link with early immigration of Koreans in the US. In New York, they are mostly found in Northern Boulevard, Flushing and Great Neck.
Besides, they concentrated on Union Street on 35th and 41st street avenues in Flushing. Today, Korean population is the seventh largest population in the US (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000)
The Koreans migrated to the US in three consecutive phases. The early immigrants settled along the West Coast of the US. Mostly, they came to the US as students and farmers. Between 1905 and 1964, among the 600 Korean immigrants that moved to the US were composed of Korean political refugees who rebelled against the Japanese influence in Korea. They attended universities in Columbia, Princeton and New York.
The second phase of Koreans to immigrate to the US occurred in 1950 to 1953, this was after the Korean War. It was prompted by strong Korean and US ties (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). The second phase noted more than 15,000 Koreans immigrate to the US. Similarly, the Hart-Celler Act, which the US government enacted in 1965, creating a maximum of number of immigrants at 30,000 per country, further encouraged the immigration of Koreans to US (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000).
By 1976, the Korean immigrants to the US reached the maximum limit of 30, 000 per year, this limit was maintained by the Koreans through 1980s. From 1980s to 2007, the number of Koreans immigrants in the US had increased.
Critical to note about the Korean population in New York is the challenge of mental health. Depression among this population has increased steadily since they immigrated to New York; hence, it has affected their general health. Culture and cultural practices has created the acculturation stress which has amplified diagnosis of depression among the Koreans immigrants and refugees in New York.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Acculturation stress appoints to the difficulties a person faces while adapting to the daily tasks in a foreign environment (Jang, Kim
Running head: Behaviour analysis from an Interview Analytical Essay essay help online
The Interview Description of the Interviewee
This paper is an account of the interview of one adult aged about 45 years, based on his life perspective from childhood. In order to ensure confidentiality to the source of the information, I chose to refer to the respondent as Jones. Jones is 45 years old male of the African American origin. He is a prison convict, serving his final year jail term as a serial bank robber.
The interview was conducted on June 4th 2012 in the prison compound and lasted for about 2 hours. Jones was born in New York, as the second born in a family of three. The father was a retired military officer and the mother a house wife. At the age of five, Jones’ family relocated to Jamaica, where the family lived a life full of misery, caused by poverty.
Jones Developmental Themes and Milestones
During his early ages, Jones made frequent visits to his friends in the southern part of the city where issues of racial discrimination were more prevalent. As an African American, Jones was always a victim of racial discrimination. The experience affected his perception about the law enforcement agencies in the city as well as the federal government. He developed a negative perception on law enforcers and the ability of society to protect the vulnerable individuals and government.
He was particularly unhappy with violence and the inequality the African Americans faced in society. Jones was always on revenge missions against the ills of racial segregation meted to him and other African Americans. He dropped out of school at the age of 13 because being in school would not lead him achieve his objectives.
His Developmental Risk and Protective Factors
Jones later joined a robbery gang that was notoriously known for street robbery attacks targeting the whites. In his first robbery mission, Jones was involved in a foiled robbery attempt in a drug store. He was arrested by the police and sent a youth rehabilitation centre where he managed to escape under unclear circumstances.
During his childhood, Jones was kicked out of several schools mainly due to discipline cases. His family being overwhelmed sent him to a relative in Chicago. The move, meant to change his behavior bore no fruits; Jones continued carrying out petty robbery attacks and was again sent back to his parents in New York by his host.
On arriving in New York, Jones was on his mission again as usual, robbing and falling in the hands of the police. This time he was arrested and put under juvenile detention for two years for violently robbing a lady of money and jewelry.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He did not stay for even half the jail term; he plotted a jailbreak that was executed through an outburst that distracted the prison security. After the escape, Jones fled to Canada, where he was caught again and sent to Montreal prison. He returned to New York at the age of 17 after finishing the jail term at the Montreal prison.
His mentality this time was to enjoy a sumptuous life that society had robbed him; he needed expensive cars, jewelry and lavish houses. His gang hatched a plot to rob from the federal banks as a way of revenging against the federal government which was insensitive to the ills that plagued the African Americans.
After a series of robberies attacks on the federal banks, his gang was netted by the police, eight months down the line. This was after one of the gang members was caught in a different robbery instance and in the process of pleading for mercy, revealed the gang members.
Jones and his crew were arrested and taken to a federal correction facility in Chicago. They were sentenced for a jail term of four years each. While in custody, Jones became notorious with violent attacks on fellow inmates and officers in the correctional institution.
Two years later, the federal bureau of prisons came up with an educational program targeting prisoners. Jones together with other inmates enrolled for the program and later started attending classes. During the learning period, the prison department allowed students free time but was not strict on ensuring class attendance. Jones together with other inmates took advantage of the loophole to organize robbery attacks on the federal banks again.
They used the money to buy luxury apartments and cars. Their bus driver informed the authorities of their robbery instances and the gangs were caught. The program was disbanded, during Jones’ trial, the driver declined to witness before the caught fearing that his life would be threatened. The trials were suspended, and Jones served the rest of the sentence in the same jail.
After he completed his sentence term, Jones’ behavior did not change at all; he was determined to carry out more careful robbery attacks on the federal banks. He recruited and trained more crew members to his gang to execute intelligent and faster robbery attacks that left the police chasing at the wind. This did not happen for long before Jones was arrested and jailed again.
We will write a custom Essay on Running head: Behaviour analysis from an Interview specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This time as in the previous sentences, Jones organized a prison break and managed to escape from jail through a fierce shootout with the police. He was later captured again and put behind bars for a total of 25 years, during this period, Jones decided to join formal education and earned a bachelor’s degree in business three years later. He then made several appeals to the prison authorities; his jail term was reduced to 5 years 3 of which he served under a supervised parole.
The Interview Analysis The Impact of the Social Environment on his Behaviour
In his works, Green (2002) brings out an analysis of how an individual’s life perspective is shaped with time, environment, social status and relationships. An event through which one’s life transit often shapes his or her behavior. In the preceding interview, Jones grew up in troubled childhood; full of violence and hardships resulting mainly from segregation and poverty.
The life he lived shaped his choices and actions in life. He dropped out of school and joined a robbery gang in order to revenge on the federal government which, according to him had neglected the interests of the African Americans leaving them vulnerable to the violent attitudes of the whites.
The Cohort Effect
Green (2002) defines a cohort as “a statistical group of individuals with similar and unique characteristics”. Cohort effects refer to behavioral effects that belong to a given generation. The behavioral effects are often synonymous with the times and social changes of the generation periods.
These effects have been seen to vary from one cohort to another, members of cohort share characteristics that are unique to it, drawn from the experiences of the time. Jones’ belonged to a gang that was involved in a series of bank robberies meant to revenge against the federal government. His crew members can be classified to a cohort that experienced similar pains that resulted from racial segregation and poverty.
The cohort effects disposed by Jones signals the “macro historical influences” about the course of his life. Thornberry (2004) indicates that both cohort and cohort effects present the concepts of social and historical ages. The social age defines the norms and values that society expects members of a given generation to carry.
According to Thornberry (2004) society has an expectation on when members of generation should marry and transit through the various stages of life in a normal way. The historical age, on the other hand, refers to ones empirical age. Hutchison, e.d. (2011) points out that there is a close connection between social age and historical age, the “changes in social ages along the historical age” affect the behavior of the individual’s life.
Jones’ Life Transitions
Life transitions as pointed out by Hutchison, e.d. (2011) pays close attention to one’s biography and how “the timings affect one’s life transitions such as marriage and child bearing”. Every transition has an impact on the behavior of a person depending on the pressure that the new responsibilities the acquired position bestows to the individual.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Running head: Behaviour analysis from an Interview by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In his childhood, Jones’ life oscillated between sharing moments with his poor parents and visiting relatives in different cities. Life presented him with challenging experiences, which awakened his urge to reverse the situation. Jones dropped out of school at a tender age of 13 years to join a robbery gang and started earning living through robbery activities.
In the course of his new lifestyle, Jones was at loggerheads with the law enforcers. He found himself behind bars on several occasions as a result of his criminal activities. On three occasions, he managed to escape from prison through organized outbursts. Later in his criminal lifestyle, he enrolled for a bachelor’s course in business, which marked his journey to a changed lifestyle.
Trajectories Live Events and Turning Points
Hirschi and Laub (2002) define trajectories as “long term life patterns” resulting from a particular lifestyle or behavior. Trajectories comprise of life events and transitions that lead to some point of turning back. Greene and Gabbidon (2011) suggest that there are strong connections between childhood experiences and adulthood perceptions.
Jones’ childhood experiences were surrounded with racial segregations and lots of hardships. Jones blames the federal government, society and law enforcers for failing to protect vulnerable African Americans from violence and segregation. The perception changes his attitude towards school and makes him drop out of school to embark on robbery attacks as a way of getting back from society what had been denied from him.
His life is dotted with a series of robbery attacks, arrests, violence against fellow inmates, organized prison breaks and indictment. In the first encounters with the police, Jones was indicted for few months, which he hardly served to completion. Because of abject poverty and his criminal behavior, his parents often send him to stay with relatives in other parts of the city. Change of environment, instead of reducing his criminal activities only sharpened his criminal skills.
After several years appearing in court to answer to same criminal judges, Jones made up his mind to study for a degree program in business. After earning a bachelor’s degree, he negotiated for leniency, which the prisons bureau agreed to reduce the jail term to 2 years. This marked the turning point of Jones’ life from a criminal to a law abiding businessman.
There are a lot of similarities between the content in the literature and the interviewee. The literature discusses much on issues of trajectory, transition and turning points as a sequential path for most criminals. Jones’ behavior pattern can be traced on the same path from the beginning to his turning point when his behavior reforms.
Reference List Green, R. (2002). Resiliency: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Practice and Research. Washington, DC: NASW press.
Greene, T. H. and Gabbidon, S. L. (2011). Race and Crime: A Text/Reader. London: Sage Publishers Ltd.
Hirschi, T. and Laub, J. H. (2002). The Craft of Criminology: Selected papers. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers Ltd.
Hutchison, e.d. (2011). Dimensions of Human Behavior: Person and Environment. 4th Ed. Thousand Oaks. CA: sage publications.
Thornberry, P. T. (2004). Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers Ltd.
Homelessness as a Global Social Issue Essay best essay help: best essay help
Homelessness is a serious social issue affecting the society globally. In the US, homelessness is on the increase because of economic melt- down and foreclosures. Homelessness affects young adults, people dismissed from prisons and people without health insurance. In addition, these groups have severe problems such as physical disabilities; suffer from alcoholism and mental illnesses and poor health besides having family issues.
National Alliance to End Homelessness cites that people staying with friends because of economic conditions increased from 6 million to 6.8 million in 2009 and 2010 respectively (National Alliance to End Homelessness). Moreover, young people released from foster care system experiences 1 out of 194 chances of being rendered homeless. This is similar to those people recently released from prisons.
National Alliance to End Homelessness also notes the odds of an individual living doubled up are 1 out of12; those released from prison are 1 out of 13, and for young adult the chances are 1 out of 11 (National Alliance to End Homelessness). In 2010, individuals without proper health insurance cover increased from about 47.2 million to 48.8 million in 2009 and 2010 respectively (National Alliance to End Homelessness).
Poor parenting is cited as a contributory cause to homelessness in the US. Poor parenting creates rebellious children’s who are difficult to control; hence, many parents place them in foster facility as the solution. Besides, parent-child conflict has caused many children to abandon their homes and resort streets for shelter (National Alliance to End Homelessness).
Similarly, children of homelessness parents grow knowing ‘street ‘is home. Hence, even when they mature to adulthood, the only place they call home is the street (Karger et al., 56).
Psychological reasons have also contributed to the high rate of homelessness in the US. National Alliance to End Homelessness shows that about 30 percent of homeless people were brought up by parents with psychological problem connection (National Alliance to End Homelessness). The psychological problem cited include; dependence on drugs, alcohol addiction and criminal backgrounds among others.
Moreover, differences in perception of homelessness by liberal and conservative on homeless have increased homelessness in the US. The liberals note that homelessness occurs as a result of weak and poor organizational policies (Karger et al., 56). Thus, people experiencing homelessness are not provided with support in terms of good healthcare and housing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, the conservation demonstrates that homelessness is a creation of the society (National Alliance to End Homelessness). They view that majority of people do not like working so as to uplift their standards of living. When a person does this, then, there is no need in supporting him/her.
Rather than being connected to deviance or poverty, homelessness is perceived as a component of social exclusion, that is, something that is viewed as a process by which people are secluded from key societal mechanisms providing social resources. The policies developed to address this issue thus, need to factor welfare of homeless people and social circumstances.
As elements of social integration policies, they need to support effective reintegration and involve issues of personal security, empowerment, control and social participation. This is because; homelessness groups are prone to social exclusion by the society.
The US has moved with pace to contain the issue. This is demonstrated through various policies already in place. Acts such as the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Improvement Act of 2000 have played a significant role in protecting and educating rights of youth and children.
Besides, the government has fixed a wide range of private and public initiatives tailored towards reducing homelessness. They include National Center on Family Homelessness and National Health care for the Homeless Council (National Alliance to End Homelessness).
Works Cited Karger, Howard Jacob and David Stoesz. American Social welfare policy: Apluralist approach, Boston: Allyn and Bancon, 2010. Print
National Alliance to End Homelessness. The State of Homelessness in America. 2012. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Homelessness as a Global Social Issue specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Aggression Development: Piaget’s Moral Development Theory Essay a level english language essay help
This paper is my reflection on aggression behavior basing on Piaget’s model of moral development. I learnt that aggressive acts are diverse, and are grouped into two categories: hostile aggression and instrumental aggression. Hostile aggressions are acts or deeds which focus on deliberately causing harm to another person. Instrumental aggression involves acts or deeds that focus on gaining access to space, privileges and objects.
Discussion Pre-moral period
I have always wondered how human beings develop aggressive behavior. After reading Piaget’s theory of moral development I now understand how a person’s aggressive behavior is developed and affects his/her own character.
Piaget helps me understand that there are stages in which a moral behavior is developed by a person. Through his classification, I have learnt that the first stage is pre-moral period. This stage covers the first five years of a child’s growth, and during this period, a child has little or no awareness or respect for socially defined rules.
Further, I learnt that aggressiveness behavior at this stage is determined by various factors such as biological issues, social influences, social contexts and environmental conditions.
These factors have significant influence in learning aggressiveness and subsequent incorporation into a child response collection before they elicit to some external situations or stimulation from within a child. Consequently, I learn that aggression is learned and regulated by the child’s emerging cognitive system.
From this perspective, child cognition is significant in upholding habitual aggressive behavior. While aggressive behavior is initially stimulated by various factors, it becomes more stable and consistent overtime as a child’s cognition become more fully developed and more resistant to change.
Also, I note that Piaget’s second stage of moral development is heteronomous morality. It is the first stage of moral development in which a child views the rules of authority figures as revered and unchangeable. In this stage, a child understands the differences between moral and social predictable misdeeds (Hutchison 53). Aggressive signs are observed in the second year of life and a child aged two to three years shows emotional reaction indicative of aggressions and engages in a behavior response to mishap.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Further, I discovered that there are two roles which contribute in the transition from heteronomous to autonomous morality. These roles are cognitive maturation. Cognitive maturation involves decline in egocentrism and development of role taking skills. Another factor I identified is social experience. This factor is where a child comes into contact with peers, thus, decreasing his/her respect for adult authority, increases self-respect and respect for peers and demonstrates that rules are subjective agreements (Hutchison 76).
Besides the two stages, I also discovered the autonomous morality forms part of aggression development. Piaget helps me to understand that this stage makes a child realizes that rules are subjective agreements that can be changed and challenged with the sanction of the people they govern. Hence, a child can show signs which are disliked by the peers, thus, when he/she notices this, she/he becomes weak, socially inhibited and disinclined to fight back.
I also understand that a child who has adjustment problems faces problems such as anxiety, depression, weak self-esteem and dislike for school (Hutchison 94). Some children remain highly aggressive because of their environment and maintain aggressive habits. Developing conscience is associated with aggression. When a child displays evidence of spontaneous reparation, confessions and aggressiveness towards other’s wrongdoing is an indicative sign of aggressiveness behavior.
Works Cited Hutchison, D. Elizabeth. Dimensions of human behavior: the changing life course. 4th ed. California: Sage Publications, 2011. Print.
The History of Japan and China in the 17th Century Essay essay help
The progress of Japan and China in the 17th century is characterized by the definite accomplishments and failures in the political, economic, and social life which influenced the further development of the countries.
The period of the 17th century in the history of these two countries can be discussed as the shift to the era of the modern times which depends on the successes in the economic and social spheres, and they are also associated with the certain weaknesses in the states’ policies.
In spite of the fact the 17th century brought significant changes to all the aspects of the states’ growth, their effects were different for Japan and China in the context of the states’ independence and stability.
To analyze the features of the main accomplishments and failures of Japan and China in the fields of the political, economic, and social life, it is important to concentrate on the peculiarities of the historical processes in these countries.
The beginning of the 17th century in Japan can be discussed as the foundation of the principles of the country’s unification and consolidation as the main aspects of the state’s progress (Schirokauer et al., 2005). The period is connected with the development of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
The first shogun was Ieyasu, and he made the major accents on maintaining stability in Japan with references to the strict hierarchical system which included the classes of daimyo, samurai, farmers, artisans, and traders. The next shoguns tried to strengthen the economic power of the state and also focused on controlling the social classes and providing the policy of the state’s isolation (Morton, Olenik,
Industrial Engineering Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help
Introduction Industrial engineering (IE) determines how fundamental factors of production are identified, coordinated, and used to aid efficiency and productivity in diverse operational sectors. It provides innovative skills that aid planning, control, and quality in the engineering sector.
Evidently, it is important for individuals and countries with resources and strong performance orientations to adopt sustainable and conventional engineering practices. The practices should be developed under ideological, purposeful, and developmental virtues in order to facilitate construction of cost effective infrastructures.
Industrial engineers should attain superior training on best engineering practices that embraces modern techniques of operation. This is to facilitate development of appropriate construction designs, allocation of resources, and crafting of superior strategic plan to enhance effectiveness (Price 2).
Contextually, this paper discusses Industrial engineering as a major and as a job/career. Additionally, it discerns the importance of Industrial engineering in diverse aspects. Indeed, industrial engineering is a concept that seeks to revolutionize execution of activities in various economic sectors. This is achievable through adoption of noble practices that aim at improving productivity, creativity, and effectiveness.
Proposal for the research paper This piece provides insightful information on the imperativeness of industrial engineering that remains a noble aspect in steering performance in the current society.
The concept presents requisite incentives that drive planning, design, and control of resources in the engineering setting. This propels effectiveness and efficiency in execution of activities. Its main objective is to equip individuals with performance credentials to enhance productivity and development of cost effective construction strategies that are sustainable.
Indeed, industrial engineering concept enables development of innovative and creative processes of construction while ensuring superior management of resources. It enables creation of relevant production lines, planning, and resource distribution essential for growth. Therefore, the information is to enhance development of individuals with superior engineering credentials capable of advancing quality in the sector.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Industrial engineering as a major discipline and a career development policy Industrial engineering forms an essential discipline in the current society. It equips individuals with conventional knowledge capacity on contemporary engineering practices that are suitable in advancing growth (Munir, 1). The practices are set to advance productivity, efficiency, and value including maximization of cost-related factors that affect construction.
It sets up clear guidelines that enable proper identification of relevant activities that are needed in the society and boosts formulation of strong policies that are geared towards constructing strong infrastructure. Noticeably, engineers perform significant tasks of designing, scheduling, and establishing superior control systems that enable sound execution of construction projects (Munir, 2). This explains the need of ensuring adoption of industrial engineering skills that instills innovative mindset in individuals.
According to Dalhousie University article (2), industrial engineering is concerned with advancing productivity and development of stable structures that presents limited threats to users. It achieves this through effective management of people, business models, and technology.
In regard to career development, individuals with strong aspirations of pursuing engineering should adopt industrial engineering training due to its relevance in the contemporary world. It provides superior incentives for personal and professional growth that enhances flexibility compared to other specialties of engineering.
Indeed, IE equips individuals with comprehensive knowledge on diverse areas that includes construction, management, distribution of resources, and activity scheduling (SCCC 1). This is vital since other disciplines of engineering provide nonflexible knowledge where some major content are not provided for holistic practicing.
Consequently, it boosts one’s ability to acquire job opportunities. Investors or prospective employers are currently in need of engineers with comprehensive knowledge in diverse fields apart from construction knowledge. These elements explain the imperativeness of industrial engineering as a career development aspect.
Activities of Industrial Engineering The activities of industrial engineering revolve under set guidelines with an aim of advancing performance and improvement of quality. This ensures that value is obtained through effective administration of processes and resources that are involved in the development sequence. Evidently, IE aids architectural designing tools and equipments, which forms the foundation of any engineering project (Munir, 2).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Industrial Engineering specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Clearly, projects that are founded under inferior standards hold low capacity to successful execution. Therefore, institutions that seek to develop strong structures should ensure establishment of superior designs and procurement of relevant equipments to ensure effectiveness in service delivery. Industrial engineers also perform identification and improvement of processes.
Development of critical processes in the construction sequence is essential in facilitating engineering projects. This is to guarantee effective management of resources through priority-based distribution to avert wastages. Additionally, industrial engineering equips engineers with time, cost, and performance standardization qualities relevant in steering construction projects (TPR Education 1). Time is a scarce resource that should be managed effectively through formulation of structural and operational plans.
Other activities of industrial engineers include setting up of value engineering and evaluation systems, wage incentive schemes, and performance assessment incorporating inventory quality maintenance. These activities are fundamental in ensuring development of superior engineering projects in a holistic manner with coordination by proficient individuals who hold unquestionable credentials.
Functions and Importance of Industrial Engineering Industrial engineering performs diverse functions that support manufacturing and service operations. This helps in advancing productivity, safety, and employees’ welfare. Precisely, the major function of IE is to revolutionize the engineering sector by providing conventional techniques in various sectors.
It seeks to enhance novelty, productivity, effectiveness, and efficiency in service delivery through adoption of superior operating strategies, designs, and control of possessions (TPR Education 1). The concept is set to advance working conditions and create clear motivational avenues with strong focus to consumer satisfaction rather than being profit-oriented. Indeed, most institutions have been focusing on profit making rather than provision of quality services.
It is advisable for engineers to adopt contemporary techniques of construction that recognize modern needs and constraints in terms of resources. SCCC (2) states that investors in the construction industry need engineers who hold holistic knowledge on modern construction and administration concepts to steer construction plans. Such individuals are in demand since they foster development of viable construction designs and strategies that are technological oriented.
Industrial engineering presents learners with conventional and innovative incentives that facilitate holistic integration of construction and project administration concepts (Price 2). These factors are vital in formulating quality policies and construction plans.
Presently, holistic engineering knowledge that enhances superior planning, development of construction blueprints, and enhancement of administration skills is paramount in recording success. This is vital since planning, designing, and control of resources define the successful provisions of IE.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Industrial Engineering by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion Evidently, industrial engineering provides noble incentives for growth and development. It ensures increased productivity, novelty, and superior management of engineering procedures. Critically, individuals with strong engineering career aspirations should undertake this course due to its relevancy and applicability in providing viable solutions in diverse sectors.
Works Cited Dalhousie University. What do Industrial Engineers do?. 2012. Web.
Munir, Abdul. About Industrial Engineering. 2008. Web.
Price, John. Industrial engineering and engineering management in Australia. 2012, Web.
SCCC (Sloan Career Cornerstone Center). Industrial Engineering Overview. 2012. Web.
TPR Education. Career: Industrial Engineer. 2012, Web.
War Requiem Response paper Report best essay help
War Requiem (1989) by Derrek Jarman accounts on the horrors of the World War I. The story represents speechless scenes of war and struggles accompanied with Benjamin Britten’s poems and music pieces. The story concentrates on horrifying events taken from the recollection of the old soldier who is morally and physically injured with the cruelty of war. The movie depicts murder, abhorrent scenes of dead soldiers, as well as changing attitude of people to human lives.
Humiliating the overall concept of humanness is the main idea of the movie striving to emphasize the negative consequences of war actions for shaping morality and ethics. In this respect, War Requiem is a commentary on horrible experience revealing the message of infinite futility, waste, and sacrifice. The author has managed to prove that war is senseless because it deprives people of their life being the most precious thing.
The movie reflects uselessness and infinite futility of war and violence against humanity. At the beginning of the movie, the old soldier recollects the episode when German soldier kills his best friend. The scene depicts this killing as the most senseless action due to the situation and context in which it is presented.
Jarman intentionally introduces musical instruments into the piece to remind people of the merits of peaceful existence. However, the soldiers neglect this utmost value and continue fighting. Such a contrasted representation emphasizes horrors and senselessness of struggles. It also emphasizes negligence of such positive emotions as joy and excitement that are diminished by hatred, anger, and fear.
By representing flashbacks from the World War I, Jarham also represents people who are ready to sacrifice their lives for the sakes of others. In this respect, the movie presents such human qualities as mercy, kindness, and readiness to struggle for better future.
Most importantly, the story accounts on desperate attempts to remain human in front of severe reality. Despite the hardships and sufferings that people had to endure, they still search for any possible reasons to remain positive and hopeful. The author represents sacrifice as essential part of human nature.
The movie represents war as a mere waste of human life. War cannot be justified because its main purpose is destruction. The movie scenes are intertwined with displays of mass murders, fighting, and violence. The story, therefore, also renders the concept of war as mere waste of time, as well as grief of loss and despair that people endure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A combination of many episodes from other contemporary wars enhances the impression on the audience and strengthens the overall idea of the movie. Hence, the main heroes encounter indifference of some people who neglect other lives and long to dominating by means of war. Therefore, the war is nothing more than a spectacle controlled by governors.
In conclusion, the movie seeks to criticize the horrors of the war because it distorts the accepted morality and the concept of humanness. By accounting the story of a soldier and his bride nurse, the author recollects the events through the themes of infinite futility, waste, and sacrifice.
Despite the hostility, anger, fear, and rivalry, people strive to overcome the boundaries of war and remain human. The main heroes of the movie suffer from violence and cruelty generated by war. In addition, author demoralizes war and reflects his complex and provoking outlook on the horrible events.
Dimensions of Human Behavior Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
As a human being grows through the stages of childhood and young adulthood, he or she develops identities. These identities define the position of the individual in the society. Social status, personal identity, and gender identity are some of the forms of identity that are developed within the growth period at the beginning of human life. Hutchison discusses gender identity at length in the book, “Dimensions of Human Behavior”, and defines the process of developing gender identity.
Distinctive gender identity develops at adolescence when sexual differentiation takes place. A child identifies with a certain gender and is conscious of other people of similar gender. An individual at this stage categorizes other people according to their gender.
Depending on culture, gender identification may heavily rely on the roles of the respective genders. While all cultures identify people as men or women, some cultures put considerable emphasis on the role of respective genders. This influences an individual’s perspective on the issue of gender. However, all cultures have some distinct definition of roles of different genders (Hutchison 238).
Currently there is a gradual shift of understanding of gender roles in modern societies. The distinct and rigid definition of gender role is slowly becoming more malleable and open to change. This does not mean that the biological definition of gender is changing, but the roles that define gender are continuously changing in a more complex society (Hutchison 174). Due to the pressure of obligations in the modern society, there is a tendency for individuals to deviate from the roles that culture defines so strictly.
People adopt new methodologies of keeping in line with culture, and at the same time dealing with compelling obligations. This makes gender identity through roles of an individual a difficult task. Since some societies put less emphasis on roles as a way of identifying a certain gender, individuals from these communities experience a culture shock when they interact with other societies that have distinct gender roles (Hutchison 154).
The complexity of gender identity emerges where there is a growing realization that biological differentiation may not distinctly define gender in an individual. An individual with an ill-defined biological gender orientation will have some difficulty in identifying the proper role that he or she should assume. Self-esteem of an individual may be affected by the relationship between his or her personal attributes and gender (Hutchison 237).
Several other theories describe identity development. It is difficult to establish the theory that is most appropriate for development of the identity of an individual. The theories depend on the culture and beliefs of the particular society in which the individual lives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The afro centric theory defines collective groups rather than personal identities (Hutchison 194). In this theory, an individual has a single identity, which is assumed by people of the same gender, and with similar roles as the individual in the society. This approach contrasts with western theories that are more liberal, and allow some variations in definition of gender and identity development.
Social theory defines a situation where a person’s identity is influenced by a society’s existing culture. This theory presents a complex and continuous process of identity development, which depends on the age of the individual. Age is an important factor since it determines the people interacting with the individual at any particular moment (Hutchison 287).
The issue of personal identity is a complex issue, and is poorly understood by many people. Identity development depends on factors in the environment, as well as the biological and anatomical formation of an individual. While many people define identity and gender by observation of anatomical features, it is evident that there are many factors that determine the course of identity development, with gender being the primary basis on which ideas concerning identity are built.
Works Cited Hutchison, Elizabeth D.. Dimensions of human behavior. 4th ed. Los Angeles: SAGE, 2011. Print.
Truancy in Schools Research Paper essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
The Recommended intervention
Evaluation of the Program
Introduction Truancy refers to the habit of students staying away from school without permission. There is a growing concern over the increasing number of truants, despite the millions of dollars invested to improve school attendance.
Both local and central governments are committed to reducing absenteeism in schools (Rosenheim, 2002). Truancy as a problem has also been largely linked to geographical location of schools. Schools falling in regions associated with social deprivation often record low attendance levels compared to those in affluent regions.
Local and central governments have developed both disciplinary and collaborative measures meant to address the problem of school absenteeism. Punitive measures developed involve the legal measures adopted by the government to support families with truants and at risk adolescents. Social workers play an important role in the success of the collaborative intervention approach.
This paper reports on a truancy intervention program I developed while working as a social worker in a high school. My task in the school was to intervene on the truanting behavior of three high school students identified to frequently cut classes. In my quest to intervene on my clients’ problems, I sought first to establish the root cause of the problem I was tasked to solve. In this quest, I worked closely with the teachers, the school principal and the parents of the three children.
Community Relationship The three students go to one of the schools in Baisley Boulevard, New York, established in 1971 as an educational options school. The school was established through the initiative of the community leaders, union representatives and members of the aviation industry. The school’s gender distribution stands at 45% female and 55% male.
The school’s racial composition comprises of blacks as the majority at 80%, followed by the Hispanics who are 10% and Asians at 5%, as per the school’s register in June 2012. Attendance at the school is marked both at the subject and class levels. At the third period, the class attendance is taken, where as subject attendance is taken by each subject teacher at the end of the lesson.
The school keeps an attendance record for each of the student and has a truancy policy, where students who skip class without a valid reason are given up to three warnings. Majority of teachers in the school are blacks, and the surrounding community comprises of low income people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Poverty levels in the school’s catchment area play a major role on students’ attendance levels. I established that most of the parents struggle to sustain their children in the school, as most of them cannot afford fees. Most students do not have tutors as parents cannot afford to hire for them. The school occasionally organizes sensitization programs to educate parents on the need to ensure their children attend school regularly.
The Issue My clients were three high school students who were noted to have developed a habit of skipping classes. I took interest in intervening on the behavior to ensure the students attended classes regularly as required. I came up with an intervention program to help the students at the school level.
In the program, I scheduled meetings with the students, teachers and parents of the children; I met the children twice every week and once every week with the parents and teachers. The meeting with the students was meant for counseling, where as the meeting with the parents and teachers were to determine the impact of the intervention program. The three students were noted to cut classes at the same time, were classmates and belonged to the school’s football team.
After the first meeting with the students trying to find out the cause of skipping classes, I established that the three students did not have an interest in mathematics. The students were often truanting on mathematics because they had a negative attitude towards the subject and even the teacher.
The school environment provided several avenues for students skipping classes to hide. These included; halls that were not manned or closed during learning hours, toilets and overgrown flower gardens around the school. The school guards did not have a tight supervision program to ensure every student attended class when they should. This provided loopholes for the students to cut classes.
Besides, the teachers’ intervention program at the school level was only guiding and counseling, which was not effective. The school has an excellent working relationship with both the community and parents in reducing truancy among students. The school’s attendance office provides every parent, information of their child’s attendance, besides the record of academic performance.
Current Intervention The school’s current intervention program highly comprises of guiding and counseling. The aim of guiding and counseling is to make an individual realize the problem so that he or she can make an informed judgment. This often does not help to solve the problem of truancy among students. Truanting students require couching, close observation and use of punitive measures to realign their behavior the right way.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Truancy in Schools specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Recommended intervention Having established the cause of skipping classes, my task then was to draw out a plan that would help me solve the problem at hand. The first step was to change the attitude of the students towards mathematics. The three students had confessed that the subject was beyond their comprehension and that despite the effort of the teacher to make them like it, they remained indifferent. I first sought to know to know their career aspirations.
Two of the students said they would like to study engineering at their higher education levels, the third student was interested in medicine. These career lines formed the platform for my program with the students. As Schargel suggests, people are motivated to achieve in their careers if they are made to understand what they stand to gain from the career in future (Schargel, 2003).
The second step of the program was to help them understand the link that lied between their dream careers and mathematics at their current level of study. After my talk with the students, it became clear to them that they would not be able get to their careers without good passes in mathematics.
The next question they were asking was to know what they needed to do in order to develop their attitude towards the subject and improve their scores. I organized with the mathematics teachers in the school to develop a keen interest in the students with the aim of helping them in mathematics. I also sourced the best mathematics books for them from the school library together with careers books for each of them in line with their dream career.
I established that the school had weak deterrent measures to apprehend offending students. The schools disciplinary as well as the guiding and counseling departments were not effectively carrying out their duties. As a result of a weak disciplinary department, students were not afraid of breaking some of the school rules.
I recommended that the school’s disciplinary department be more active and come up with strict disciplinary actions against students who contravened the school’s rules and regulations. Research shows that teachers being close to students in schools are the first to detect unbecoming behavior among the students and are best placed to rehabilitated them (Dupper, 2002)
I also sought to share the problem with the parents to the three children to discuss with them the best way to alleviate the problem. It was a surprise that all the three parents were not aware that their children were truanting. They learnt of the issue when I called to see and share with them the problem their children were facing.
Each parent promised to take a keen interest in the performance of their children in the subject. They promised to engage the services of private tutors in mathematics and also play a role in monitoring their children’s performance in mathematics.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Truancy in Schools by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Evaluation of the Program In the evaluation part of the program, I used the performance results in mathematics and observation of behavior change as tools of measurement. After the first three weeks of my stay in the school, I established that the program had yielded a positive impact on the students’ performance in mathematics.
Though the performance was not so impressive, it was much better than the previous performance. Their interest in the subject had also increased tremendously as I found out from the mathematics teacher. The students were handing in assignments and making frequent consultations with the teacher, a thing they never bothered to do before. From the class register, I also gathered that their attendance had risen from 30% to 95% on average, which was quite impressive.
In my needs assessment of the problem at I hand, I gathered that my clients had a problem with mathematics as well as the mathematics teacher. Besides, they had identified a career in football, which they decided to pursue at the expense of their academic goal. The school compound also provided hiding places for the students to hide as they skip classes. From the needs assessment, I was able to tailor my intervention program to the needs of my clients in my quest to seek lasting solutions to their problems.
The assessment was easier to evaluate based on the parameters I set out in the evaluation tools. The expected behavior change included; improved performance in mathematics, improved attendance and adhering to the rules and regulations of the school. The only part that was a challenge to evaluate was the participation of the parents in the program. This was because parents were involved in the program out of school making it difficult to monitor.
As regards the process analysis of the situation at hand, I first set the limits that program was meant to achieve. Being an intervention program, the objective was to eliminate the problem of truancy among the three students. Based on the outcome that the program realized in the first three weeks, I was convinced that if all effort is put in place and everybody committed to it, the program had the potential to realize good results.
Based on the comments of Reid (2000) I recommend a continuous monitoring and evaluation of the program throughout the learning periods for purposes of evaluation and innovation of better ideas (p. 23). The government should also invest more funds for hiring sufficient guards to supervise student attendance.
Conclusion An effective truancy intervention program requires the support of all stakeholders in the education sector. This paper demonstrates the important role that parents and teachers should play in reducing truancy in schools. The government alone cannot manage to intervene on truancy, which is threatening to undermine the government’s objective to provide education to all.
Reference List Dupper, D. (2002). School Social Work: Skills and Intervention for Effective Practice. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Reid, K. (2000). Tackling Truancy in Schools: A Practical Manual for Primary and Secondary Schools. New York: Routledge
Rosenheim, M., K. (2002). A Century of Juvenile Justice. London: the University of Chicago Press.
Schargel, F., P. (2003). Drop Out Prevention Tools. New York: Eye on Education
Chemical Engineering and Influence on Economics Research Paper college essay help online
Chemical engineering is an engineering branch which entails the study of life science, physical science, economics and mathematics. It deals with the conversion of chemical and other materials into valuable forms. It is a broad field which is composed of Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Microbiology and Biochemistry. Chemical engineering also deals with wide range of new materials which are important in various processes of production.
Chemical engineering is divided into two major branches namely chemical product engineering and chemical processes engineering (Ondrey 12). Chemical processes engineering deals with designing, manufacturing and operation of plant and machinery in industries. Chemical products engineering specializes in the use of substances to come up with different products such as pharmaceuticals, cleaning reagents, cosmetics, beverages and certain food products.
This field of study applies several principles and concepts. These include chemical reactions engineering, plant and industry designs, processes designs and transport media engineering (Guo 226). Chemical reactions engineering refers to basic management of plant conditions and processes.
This is done to ensure that optimal plant operation is attained. Engineers in this field often come up with designs for analyzing reactors. They use special physical and laboratory data parameters. In chemical engineering reactions, heat depended dynamics are applied in solving problems and prediction of reactor performances.
On the other hand, plant designing deals with development of specifications and plans. It ensures that there is a stable base for engineering operations. Designs are generated according to the preferences of clients. Other major factors which influence this process are levels of safety, legal requirements and the availability of funds. These are known for their high influence on choice of equipment and other materials (Lozowski 64).
Process designing is the most basic and physical step in the whole process of chemical engineering. It entails the establishment of unit operations. These units are used to control energy in reactors, recycle all unused reactants and prepare reactants by separation and purification. The process units make the whole process of operation. Unit operations include evaporation, drying and crystallization. Process engineers have a responsibility of ensuring that all these processes are carried out accordingly.
This part of transport phenomena is mainly undertaken when there are industrial problems (Noris 84). It deals with transportation of chemicals, transfer of energy, momentum, mass, heat and fluid dynamics (Noris 84). It is described using mathematical equations that represent the transport agents. This process is mainly done through the use of both molecular and macroscopic agents.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Chemical engineers develop special economic ways to use energy and materials. In addition, Chemistry is applied to change raw materials into final, finished and important products such as plastics, petrochemicals and medicine. Chemical engineering is also applied in research as well as the management of waste materials.
In research, extensive use of computers is made use of in all facets (Norris 84). It is also worth to mention that Chemical engineers in industries are expected to performance experiments in the due course of their work. They design projects with the aim of creating better ways of developing vital chemical processes that can yield valuable end products.
They also give essential advice on conservation of resources, control of pollution and the general production process. They are equally project engineers who are instrumental in selecting suitable plant equipment that minimize cost and optimize profitability in industrial businesses (Lozowski 63).
Works Cited Guo, Lifang. “Research on the Elimination of the Foam of Leachate in Recycled Landfill.” Journal of Sustainable Development 4.6 (2011): 225-229. Print.
Lozowski, Dorothy. “Business news.” Chemical Engineering 119.5 (2012): 63-64. Print.
Norris, Terrie. “SNURs for Chemical Substances.” Professional Safety 57.5 (2012): 84- 85. Print.
Ondrey, Gerald. “A more sensitive sensor for ions in solution.” Chemical Engineering 119.5 (2012): 12-13. Print.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Chemical Engineering and Influence on Economics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Integrated Project Evaluation and Selection Using Multiple-Attribute Decision Making Technique Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help
Introduction Investments are always very costly ventures that every individual would take a lot of precaution to ensure that it is done in the right way. For any project to be made a success, several issues must be put into consideration in order to ensure that it works as predetermined. For a long period, many business corporations had not given project evaluation the right attention.
This was probably due to less technological advancement and less competition by then. However, things are very different today. The world is changing due to changes being brought about by emerging technologies. According to Davidson (2003), many businesses were found unawares by these changes in technology. This scholar says that these changes have redefined the business world.
Some of the giant firms were brought to their knees because they were not able to implement the right projects when the environmental conditions demanded for the same. Hamilton (2004) says that the world market has gotten increasingly competitive. On one end, suppliers are getting more autonomous hence more dictatorial when dealing with business units. They therefore have to be paid more for their products.
On the other hand, customers have gotten increasingly demanding. The world is now opened up to free communication. Customers have access to the information as it freely flows to the advancement in communication techniques with the help of the phones, mass media, and social media. As such, they know what they want and know that they can always ask for more satisfaction and get it at a lower price.
Business firms are also lacking in creativity. As such, they are coming up with projects that are similar to those of competing firms. This duplication of projects has created market that has products that are similar, creating a saturation hence reducing the bargaining power of such business units.
Above are some of the challenges that a business unit has to contend with in the current market. It may not be easy to make it through. It is common to see firms fall because of lack of the ability to get hold of the market. In Harvey (2005) words, a firm in the current world market has to be very specific with its strategies, keen to monitor the market changes and smart to implement the best practice in the market, failure of which, there would be no alternative but to bow out of this highly competitive race.
Project Evaluation Project evaluation is therefore one of the most important tasks that a firm must ensure that it does well and in time in order to avoid a possible fallout. Projects are always a creation of a creative mind. One would sit and come up with a brilliant idea of how to give a specific market a new approach. It is always through such ideas that firms always find it easy to manage a competitive market. Through these projects, a firm is able to design new ways in the market that would help it stay a step ahead of the competition in the market.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As stated above, given that projects are creations of the mind, there are possibilities that some projects may fail to be up to the standards of the market. This can be due to a number of reasons. The first reason can be that the project can be too ambitious to be realized.
Some projects look so good and attractive in paper. However, taken to the field they would barely pass the test of reality. Such projects would require toning down to realistic sizes that a firm could successfully employ to give desirable results. On the other hand, a project can be too weak to be effective in the given market.
Some people would base their ideas of the past events that may not be holding truth in the current market to develop a given project. Such project would only consume time and other resources of a firm but when it comes to the implementation, it would take the firm several miles back, a step that can be suicidal given the current competitive business world.
In some instances, a project may be perfect, with the ability to give desirable results to the firm but its cost may be prohibitive. These projects may need evaluation and revaluation to ensure that they can be implemented within the financial constrains of the firm.
Given the above facts, it goes without saying that project evaluation and selection is very important to a firm because it would help the firm manage the competitive market. Some factors have to be considered when evaluating a project. Any given project would be multifaceted. There are various factors to be considered in a given project before it can be selected in a number of projects as the best.
This ranges from financial, to environmental (both internal and external environments) and the timelines. This has resulted in what is popularly referred to as integrated project evaluation and selection. In it integrated because it involves looking at various facets of a project simultaneously in order to ascertain its viability.
Before a firm can settle on the project, all these factors have to be considered. To help in this process, social scientists have developed scientific methods that involves multiple decision making techniques that makes it easier and more effective for firms to determine how appropriate a project is.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Integrated Project Evaluation and Selection Using Multiple-Attribute Decision Making Technique specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This study seeks to investigate how a firm can successfully determine affectivity of a project through integrated project evaluation and selection using multiple-attribute decision-making technique.
Objectives The objective of this study is to determine how a firm can effectively scan and evaluate projects through integrated project evaluation and selection using multiple-attribute decision-making technique. The Staff members at Wynn Inc were called upon to help in this process.
The decision to use the employees other than the management staff was reached upon the realization that they always develop most of the decisions. Unlike the management staff that always spends most of their time in the office, employees are always in the field, interacting with the world on a daily basis. As such, they have first hand that was considered very helpful in this research.
Methodology Research Method
This chapter focuses on various aspects of research development. It includes methods of data collection, analysis, and presentation. Every research project applies a certain research method to achieve its objectives depending on its goals.
The methods used to conduct research in this project would compare closely with the methods proposed in the project proposal (Anderson, 2004) In research, design deals primarily with aims, uses, purposes, intentions, and plans within the practical constraints of time, location, money, and availability of staff (Hakim, 2000).
In this study, respondents were briefed in advance. The officials of various organizations were given relevant notice before the onset of the research. The study population would be informed amicably to get it prepared for the study. Briefing was important because it could enhance reliability of the study.
It is also ethical to inform people before researching on them. The findings were also made public to the researched as one way of ensuring morality in the study. Furthermore, ethics was observed in the research by keeping away from criticism. The response rate was high because the participants were clearly informed that the study was purely academic. This encouraged many employees at Wynn to fill in their questionnaires.
This research utilized quantitative research methods in conducting the study and collecting data. Quantitative research was used because it aims at summarizing data mathematically. In this regard, the research took the form of a survey, whereby some individuals were identified, and the questionnaires posted to them.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Integrated Project Evaluation and Selection Using Multiple-Attribute Decision Making Technique by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The sampled population was selected randomly in order to eliminate biases. Follow-ups were made by conducting respondents on phone. Interviewing is another method of data collection that was used in this research. More information was extracted from respondents by calling them.
There were two key methods used to gather information in this report. The first one was through a questionnaire, which was administered online to the heads of various projects in fifteen organizations. The questionnaire sought to capture various attitudes of heads of projects regarding the effectiveness of multiple-attribute decision-making technique.
The second source of information used for the research was literature on various aspects motivation. The focus of the literature review was to find information on the application of multiple-attribute decision-making techniques and to determine the current state of research in the use of the technique. The questionnaire had four parts.
The first part sought to capture the bio-data information of respondents. The second part dealt with the demography and gender of the respondents. This was to ascertain the prevalence of views in various categories in order to ensure that if any differences came about, then they would be captured in their demographic space.
The third part dealt with academic credentials and work experience. The motivation for this section came from the understanding that different sections of population respond differently to management techniques, based on age and academic credentials. The fourth part delved into the specific issues relating to multiple-attribute decision-making technique, starting from the understanding of the concept to the possible effects it would have on projects.
The questionnaire also employed a mix of open ended and closed ended questions to capture different aspects of issues studied. Open-ended questions were used because they give respondents more time to figure out their opinions, which would make them volunteer more information related to feelings, outlooks, and comprehension of the subject. This would enhance understanding of the position of respondents as regards to feelings.
Open-ended questions minimize some errors that could have been created in the course of research. Respondents rarely forget answers if given an opportunity to respond freely. Furthermore, respondents cannot ignore some questions because they must go through all of them. Open-ended questions generate data that can be used in data analysis by other relevant authorities. In other words, they allow secondary data analysis. On the other hand, closed-ended questions are analyzed easily. That is why they were used in this study.
Each response can be coded for statistical interpretation. Nonetheless, closed-ended questions are compatible with computer analysis package. The technique is specific meaning that its answers are consistent in all conditions. This aspect is impossible with open-ended questions because each respondent is allowed to use his or her own words. Finally, closed-ended questions take less time to administer unlike open-ended questions, which are detailed hence time consuming.
The questionnaires were sent to the respective respondents through the internet. The decision was arrived at after considering time and resources. The method is cost less and less time consuming. Furthermore, the method allows respondents to reflect on the questions and answer them accurately.
Employing research assistants would be problematic because of the sensitivity of the study. Many people would be reluctant to give their views freely. The method is ineffective because answers are dependent on each other. The respondent might not have filled the questions themselves. Moreover, the method is affected by the respondent’s level of literacy. One big disadvantage of the technique is that there is no interaction between the researcher and the researched.
This means that respondent’s reactions are not captured. Reactions are important because they give more information regarding the feelings of respondents. Generally, the technique is more applicable where there is need for numbers, not deep feelings of the respondent. In this study, the interest was in identifying the number of project managers who feel multiple-attribute decision-making technique is the suitable method of evaluating projects.
The literature collected provided information regarding various theories of project evaluation and assessment across the last four decades. This provides a historical perspective since the area of project evaluation started receiving specific attention at that period.
Secondly, the literature availed a number of theories dealing with the application of multiple-attribute decision-making technique in the business world and project management in the context of program evaluation and assessment. The projects selected for study fit well within this parameter.
Finally, the literature provided information on the state of research on the field. Various social scientists have conducted studies on various elements of multiple-attribute decision-making technique and its effect on projects. This gave the study a sound academic backing and a strong basis for drawing comparisons and conclusions.
The use of the questionnaire made it possible to capture issues that are unique to project evaluation and monitoring using multiple-attribute decision-making technique.
This is because there was no accessible literature with required degree of relevance to the subject matter about multiple-attribute decision-making technique. The targeted staff responded to the questionnaire online. The availability of staff influenced the choice of this method because the project heads operate throughout and therefore it is not possible at any one time to find all of them in one place.
An online questionnaire reduced the costs of data collection, assured confidentiality, and was available throughout for the staff for a fixed period (Kerzner, 2003). After collection, the data went through analysis, culminating the observations and conclusions discussed in chapter three and four, respectively.
This was a project to determine how effective projects can be evaluated using the integrated approach. In using multiple-attribute making technique, members of the project would have to get actively involved in the process. The members came up with the projects to be evaluated. They have the experience from the field and as such, their input is invaluable in this process.
At first, the projects would have to be put together and the best selected for evaluation. It is important that the management team justify why some of the projects that other members of the team could have developed cannot be implemented. This is very important because the members would feel that their efforts were appreciated, only that this time they were not good enough.
It would be a challenge and a motivation for them to work hard next time and develop projects that would meet the expectation of the entire team members. It is also important that they be informed of the possible mistakes they could have made in their previous works. This would help tune them positively for the process of evaluation and selection of the evaluation.
The project manager should then table all the projects that are considered effective to be implemented. Members should be allowed enough to time to study the project and conduct personal evaluations on them. This can be done before the team can sit for the discussion and evaluation. The team that came up with each project would then be given opportunity to explain their project to the entire team, categorically stating expected benefits against the possible challenges.
It is from this that the project would be discussed. The team would be put to task to explain how the challenges can be overcome, and how the stated benefits would be able to counter the possible challenges in this research. The team members would then be given the opportunity to discuss the project from all the possible angles. Because they had been given opportunity to go through the proposed project earlier, they would have question as regard to a possible loophole in the project.
In this process, it is important that members not simply be subjected to questioning. They should also come up with the best ways or additives they think would add value to the project. This way the team would be in opposition to come up with the best possible project out of the number that could have been proposed (Van,
Vancouver and Riyadh: An Examination Compare and Contrast Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Rail Transport Systems
Arteries of Transportation
Explaining the Difference
Buses and Taxis
Water transport systems
Introduction There has always been a startling contrast between the transportation systems of developed and developing countries with the former usually having well planned, modernized and efficient methods of transportation while the latter is usually considered mired in bureaucratic entanglements, inefficiency and a lack of sufficient urban planning that transport systems are seemingly added on as an afterthought to a city’s creation.
Such contrasting natures can be seen in the case of Riyadh and Vancouver wherein both cities exemplify the differences in urban planning and transportation development between developed and developing countries and as such make an interesting case to observe whether any similarities in transport systems exist despite the inherent differences between the two.
Air Transport One of the first major similarities between Vancouver and Riyadh is that both cities have major airports situated “relatively” close by with Vancouver International Airport located 12 km from the downtown district of the city while Riyadh’s King Khalid International Airport is located 35 km away.
On average the King Khalid International Airport handles 15 million passengers a year while Vancouver International Airport handles 17 million a year, this shows a relatively close similarity in the sheer amount of people that pass through both cities on a yearly basis and is a good starting point in order to determine whether other similarities between these two diverse locations.
Before proceeding any further, it is necessary to bring up the fact that due to Vancouver’s proximity to large bodies of water the city does have an alternate method of air transport in the form of planes that can land and take off from the water (Boyle,
Homelessness in Vancouver, Canada: Discussing its Causes custom essay help
There is a massive and unprecedented scale of homelessness in advanced industrialized countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada, among others. In the Canadian context, homelessness is a mounting risk for many immigrant families who are increasingly experiencing severe challenges finding affordable, adequate, and sustainable housing (Preston et al., 2009). The present paper aims to delineate the causes and effects of homelessness in Vancouver, Canada.
Available statistics demonstrate that between 150,000 and 300,000 people are homeless in Canada, making various government agencies to commit from $3-$6 billion to supporting the homeless in a country of over 34 million people (Graham
How to Become a Successful Athlete? Exploratory Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Athletics is a process that involves running faster, jumping higher or longer distances, or throwing some provided materials further than someone else. In addition, bicycle paddling, car racers and participation in football are also examples of athletic processes. It has been known for long and it is still known that athletes are among the successful persons in the world.
Despite the much success associated with athletic activities, many risks are made by the athletic competitors in partaking their trainings and competitions. Let it be clarified, however, that devoid of the proper training and directions, the well known successful athletes are none but a group of ordinary persons in the society.
Significance of athletics process Participating in athletic activities is an essential element in life; this is because during athletics process body movements are made, hence contributing immensely to the normal health of an individual. In addition, during athletic process, individuals lose weight leading to reduction of health associated problems such as obesity and vessel blockages.
Athletic activities also pays more well compared to other kinds of chores in the world. However, for an individual to be a successful athlete, he or she has to incorporate some steps in life. These steps include choosing of the right diets, thinking critically, having good listening and communication skills, input of much effort in athletic activities, undertaking trainings, avoiding risks, and having familiarity to athletic tools.
Picking of diet First, a successful athlete has the responsibility of picking on the right diets that will enhance body fitness for a competition. This is because athletic process is all about contraction and relaxation of muscles, and incorrect foods results to difficulties in muscle building of an individual. In addition to successful athletes taking the right diets, they should also learn to hydrate themselves in the period of summer.
Body hydration aids in reducing of body weight by not only preventing accumulation of cholesterol, but also tissue clotting in the body tissues. Intake water also plays a crucial role in enhancing the body tissues remain in fitness for any activity including participating in athletics. In addition, during the summer period, a lot of water is lost from the body due to sun heating that cause profuse sweating, therefore; it is vital for athletes to take a lot of water to reduce cases of dehydration.
Thinking critically Secondly, athletic activity involves extensive use of the brain for one to be successful. Therefore, successful athletes have the role of thinking critically in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the approaches they make towards the problems they encounter in their daily athletic activities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In so doing, they will not only learn from their own performance, but also from other individuals and make improvements where needed. In addition, thinking critically enables an athlete to participate effectively in a competition by making right decisions in partaking a competition, for example avoiding use of drugs.
Good listening and communication skills Thirdly, athletic activity is all about listening and communicating. For one to be a successful athlete, he or she has to be active in listening to other people in order to gain an understanding of what athletic process entails. For instance, during marathon process, individuals have to communicate effectively with each other in order to convey information on what should be done to improve chances of winning.
Listening skill also plays a crucial role when individuals are about to undertake a competition. This is because in a competition many sorts of sounds are used to convey messages, for instance it is the role of the marathon athletes to pay attention to the sounds made for the start of a race.
Input of efforts Fourthly, due to the challenge portrayed by athletics process, that is becoming a common element all over the world involving millions of people; it is the responsibility of athletes to put much effort in order to become successful.
Although the duration of athletic process tends to be so long and too much involving, one has to be persistent and strong in undertaking practices in order to be successful. The athletic competition also is prone to challenges that have to be overcome by an athlete, for example, in athletic competition, there are always losers and winners, and a successful athlete has the responsibility of taking both results positively.
Undertaking of trainings Fifthly, success in athletics is directly proportional to the rate of training; this is because the body in the process of training becomes adapted to the challenges involved in the strenuous athletic activity.
For instance, successful athletes in the process of training learn on how to manage their body movements to enhance speed movements. Therefore, it is the role of a successful athlete to undertake enough training in order to acquire body fitness before undergoing a competition.
We will write a custom Essay on How to Become a Successful Athlete? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Awareness of risks Sixthly, due to some of the activities involved in the athletic process being violent and subjecting individuals to hazardous physical injuries each time athletic process is partaken; it is the responsibility of the athlete to take amicable steps.
For instance, it is the role of an athlete to understand the risks involved in the athletic process and the best measures to take in avoiding them from happening in order to participate fully in a competition. Good examples are athletes involved in either hockey or bicycle peddling; such individuals have to use facial shields to prevent themselves from fatal accidents that may halt them from participating in a competition.
Material awareness Finally, some of athletic activities involve the use of materials. Therefore, it is advisable for the athletes to equip themselves with enough knowledge of athletic materials needed to enhance success. For example, successful pedal exercisers need to have access to exercise bicycles to acquaint themselves with enough knowledge on how to partake paddling competition.
On the other hand, car racers are not exceptional, just as bicycle peddlers they also have to acquaint themselves with procedures required in athletics as well as the vehicles that they will use in the athletic competitions. In athletic competitions involving the use of materials, material familiarity is so essential and, it is not exceptional for an individual’s success.
Conclusion In conclusion, successful athletes have to ensure that they have maintained healthy body fitness for the athletic competition through taking the right diets and trainings periodically. It is also advisable for individuals with aims of becoming successful athletes to learn on how to listen, and think critically while undergoing trainings, for this will aid the in taking in instructions during the competitions. Individual material awareness also plays a crucial role in enacting the success of an athlete.
Adamson House in Malibu, California Descriptive Essay essay help
Adamson House is a historic building in Malibu, California. Its second name is “Taj Mahal of Tile” because of the abundant use of ceramic tiles introduced by Rufus Keeler (Adamson House n. p.). Built in 1930 by Rhonda and Merritt Adamson, the house is premised on a period Mediterranean Revival.
Therefore, the elements of the architecture refer to the times of Spanish Colonial Revival (Adamson House n. p.). The house, therefore, represents Andalusian style that is remarkable for the extensive use of hard-painting decorative tiles that were produced by Artisans at Malibu Potteries at the end of 1930s.
Exterior of the Adamson house is represented through the splendor of colors, shapes, and forms. Despite the great number of elements, the mixture of colors is still conforms to the Spanish style with Persian elements. The tiles in the swimming pool and on the garden paths look like carpets. The predominance of blue tones in the swimming pools and fountains, including the tiles curbing the pool boundaries, harmonize with warm undertones of yellow and brown tiles.
The exterior style of the Adamson house complies with the style of the outside space. Thus, mahogany beams support the ceiling of the living room. The pointed arched window and fireplace reveal the Moroccan influences delivering Neptune-motif painting. Similar style is also observed in the kitchen and bedrooms in the house.
The sofa covered with tapestry resembles Bargello design (McKowen and McKowen 246). The floor lamps are made in the Tiffany Studios style and represent the brightest features of the period. The tiles on the floor create a perfect match with the tiles used in laying the paths in the garden near the fountains and swimming pools (McKowen and McKowen 246). The floors are more reminiscent of the Moorish style, which also corresponds to the era of Spanish colonial revival (McMillian and Gainer 67).
Realistic Persian rugs have been designed mostly for the floor files. With regard to the elements represented in the interior, including the living room, kitchen, and bedrooms, the House possesses Persian, Moorish, and Italian features with the prevailing Spanish and Mediterranean stylistic dominance (McKowen and McKowen 246). Due to the abundance of color and decorative elements, Rhonda Adamson decided not to include paintings, which are presented in many other mansions of that epoch .
The Spanish style of the architecture was explained by the renewed interest in the period of Italian Renaissance in the beginning of the twenties century in the United States. Therefore, most of the buildings constructed during this period reminded of villas and palaces with the style dating back to the sixteenth century.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Adamson house is located on the seaside and, therefore, much of the elements in style are reminiscent of the Mediterranean resorts. Most of balconies, windows, and fireplaces are made of wood and iron, which was also typical of the time of Spanish Colonial and Spanish Renaissance architecture. Ornamentation also refers to the Mediterranean architecture, the place where the Italian Renaissance was born.
The period of colonial revival also relates to the sixteenth century, the time when Spain has a particular interest in conquering the New World. The colonial settlements in the America, particular in the United States has had a potent impact on cultural and social development of the American society (McMillian and Gainer 67). Therefore, architecture has also been largely influenced by the Spanish invaders.
Works Cited Adamson House. Tiles of Malibu Potteries. n. d. Web.
McKowen, Ken., and Dahlynn McKowen, Best of California’s Missions, Mansions, and Museums: A Behind-The-Scenes Guide to the Golden State’s Historic and Cultural Treasures. US: Wilderness Press, 2006. Print.
McMillian, Elizabeth Jean and Matt Gainer. California Colonial: the Spanish and Rancho Revival Styles. US: Schiffer Pub, 2002. Print.
Analysis of Michael Foucault’s ideas and methods in social sciences Report best essay help: best essay help
Michael Foucault was a brilliant researcher and professor with extensive academic publications in the field of humanities and social sciences abode between 1926 and 1984. He was a political activist, who really despised modern life due to the oppression he witnessed. He used his lecturing and academic opportunity as a forum to criticize tyrannical power.
This made him one of the intellectual heroes of social justice movements in France, with greater focus on the marginalized persons in society including children, women, prisoners, deviants and patients.
Michael addressed the struggle of individuals in the society and the existing institutions of power, giving an in depth analysis of the Marxist capitalist theory. Some of his quintessential works include; Madness and civilization, History of insanity in the age of reason (1961), the birth of a clinic (1963), History and sexuality (1984), Discipline and Punish, The Birth of the Prison (1977) among other prodigious works.
Michael examined some of the underlying rules in society and existing cultures of people while discussing the methods used to understand archaeology. He wrote that society believed that ideas cannot be imagined, asking himself some of the rules that governed these ideas. He used archaeology to analyze what makes an idea powerful or authoritative and the constraints in individual’s thinking. Michael’s idea has been applied overwhelmingly by historians to unmask some of the views which had been hidden for many years.
Archaeological study has been instrumental in analyzing previous research works which were regarded as naïve and insignificant. This study therefore puts into light the truth and history which had not been explained by previous researchers. It opens the minds of historians and the public to trace the root causes of issues that negatively or positively impact the society.
Inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche, Michael looked at genealogy as an attempt to write history for those who had been left out. He believed genealogy looked at convectional and unconventional history which has been silenced, unfinished and subversive. The study also looked at the knowledge which had been regarded as unscientific with a provision for criticism.
Michael had a view that genealogical investigations have been made possible with the removal of tyranny of overall discourses. The genealogical ideas can be applied when studying the society as it helps to trace societal roots and origins through debates which could not be accommodated in the past.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The understanding is important as it allows free absorption of societal knowledge and reactive to local knowledge. This study allows scholars to be tactical and skeptical, as it is the foundation in which archaeological understanding is focused against unitary, formal and scientific theoretical discourse.
Michael believed that every society struggles to get an uninterrupted right to speak. He looked at discourse as involving written, spoken and expressed language.
Foucault defined discourse as authorized statements about a particular subject. He reiterated that discourse is a social language which is created by a given cultural condition at a given time and place to give us information about a person who is speaking, his/her culture, the social institution he is involved in and the cultural beliefs upheld. This study can be applied in situations when one is studying a culture of a particular group.
It is important because it creates a world that shapes our reality with the changing times and assists us to generate truth or what is perceived to be true. Finally discourse enables us to understand how power agitates one to address a situation. For instance, a medical discourse gives a medical doctor a authority to examine patient and give a right medication.
Michael looked at normalization as a social process which treats ideas as normal. This involves construction of some norms and conducts which regulates our behavior in the society; giving an example with what he called ‘Hitler’s boys’. He reiterated that normalization was an ensemble of tactics for ensuring maximum societal control.
This understanding of normalization is applied in the developing of various regulations. Normalization is important as it explains the reason behind existing norms and why people adhere to them. Besides, it explains why there are norms, laws and regulations within the societies and the penalties tagged when violated.
Foucault viewed truth as product of relations of power. Societies have different forms of knowledge which acts as the basis of truth. In his view, power determines the truth which changes with the changing societal systems. Foucault explains that knowledge will be provided when a discourse has been created in life, though this type of truth can neither be true nor false.
We will write a custom Report on Analysis of Michael Foucault’s ideas and methods in social sciences specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The truths in society come from the power which is generally accepted. The idea can be applied when looking at the existing beliefs and opinions regarded by people as true. The study of truth is important as it allows us to fathom factual matters within our societies and how to treat a statement as either true or false.
Playing with fire Essay college essay help: college essay help
Andrew Palmer explores the benefits and costs of financial innovations. He goes ahead to assess the previous and current regulatory frameworks. Financial innovations are essential in that they may produce many benefits just as they would enhance growth and efficiency in any other industry.
However, it should be moderated so that it does not tend towards excess (Palmer 3). Therefore, financial innovations can be said to have both benefits and costs. Recent financial innovations have been reported to be very explosive. They have been characterised with the presence of a huge number of products that have been introduced to the market before they could be understood fully. Many experts in the field of finance have expressed their worries concerning recent financial innovations.
The Economist uses the example of Peterborough rehabilitation to show some of the ills in terms of financial innovations. It implies that as the Peterborough rehabilitation flourishes, and so do the investors (Palmer 4). There seems to be no motivation for the local authorities to perform. The investors would not be rewarded for living in a dangerous environment.
Many changes have occurred in the industry such that many useful professions have been regarded as dirty businesses. The banking industry, for example, was once a renowned profession whereby the customers were valued highly and their finances safeguarded by the financial institution. However, it has been disregarded and the customers do not appear to be as important as they used to be. The agenda of the bankers appear to be tainted since they seem to only favour their own benefits.
During the financial crisis in 2007 and 2008, financial innovations graced the occasion. However, today’s policymakers are being annoyed by the sovereign credit-default swaps (CDSs). The rising of the exchange-traded funds is making things even worse. Some are worry that they are increasingly becoming more complex such that it is not of benefit to them. Investors and regulators have not been left off the hook either. The trading that is happening at high frequencies is becoming troubling for the investors and regulators.
On the other hand, the innovations that have been deemed controversial have been argued (by the champions of innovation) to be of much importance. These innovations include the likes of securitisation and the credit-default swaps. Investors are increasingly developing ideas on how to create new markets in order to curb the effect of the new laws. They further argue that systems are in place to provide security in case some of these innovations go bad.
The report basically assesses the functions of the financial innovations during the crisis. The benefits and dangers of the ETFs and high frequency trading are assessed. The dangers of conducting high-frequency trade include risk management failures that result in huge losses. However, high frequency trading could be beneficial in putting an edge to the investment this explains why the author believed that it would be hard to imagine a world without high frequency trading (Palmer 12).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The financial crisis was characterised by various failures. The bankers, regulators, economists and shareholders failed in a way or the other (Palmer 13). One of the failures was that of plumbing. Another failure was that of the imagination.
Regulators have been determined to have a weakness in that they may not be good predictors of impending dangers in case of financial crises. Therefore, it is important for the system to have enough capital in order to combat calamity. However, innovations may be encouraged since this would increase the chances for the prosperity of the industry (Palmer 16).
Works Cited Palmer, Andrew. “Playing with fire.” The Economist 1.1 (2012): 2-16.
History of Crafting Islam Essay college essay help
First of all, it should be pointed out that Islam was founded by Muhammad. One is to keep in mind that Muhammad is considered to be a messenger, whom Allah provided with his last revelations. The final prophet stated that Allah established high ethical standards, which people are to follow. These standards involve generosity, just, truth and purity.
Those, who refuse to live according to the principles, will be punished by the one true God. One of the messenger’s key aims was to rectify mistakes other prophets made while introducing their religious teachings. Muhammad’s major aim is to encompass all people and show them the ways, which lead to Paradise. Treating parents with respect, seeking knowledge, cleanliness, treating women with distinction, self-control, the richness of the soul, modesty and faith, compassion are some of the key values Muhammad highlighted.
Generally, the religious roots Muhammad used to craft Islam involve teachings of other religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism; although the key of the teaching is that the one true God is Allah. Koran is considered to be the God’s last revelation to people.
The final prophet faced resistance when he started to preach Allah’s final revelations to the representatives of the Quraish tribe, “but in 622 CE the city of Yathrib (270 miles north of Mecca), invited Muhammad to take power as its governor, to preach to its people, and to mediate disputes between rival tribes” (“In the Wake of Rome: the Islamic, Byzantine, and Carolingian Empires,” n. d.).
Muhammad stated that the God’s will was to convert Arab tribes to the new faith. A base for military expansion was also given to the final prophet. Thus, Muhammad obtained religious and political success using “a combination of intimidation, politics, and charismatic preaching to convert other Arab tribes” (“In the Wake of Rome: the Islamic, Byzantine, and Carolingian Empires,” n. d.).
To convert non-Arabs to Islam, the power of the Koran and the oral traditions established by the final prophet were used. Non-Arabs were deeply impressed how the God’s last messenger solved numerous governmental contradictions and law problems. A political alliance with other communities allowed to convert non-Arabs to the new faith (Tahir-ul-Qadri, 2001).
When Allah’s final prophet died, he left no instructions how to rule the Islamic Empire. However, within a century, his followers established a powerful empire. Abu-Bakar who was a well-known Meccan businessman and one of Muhammad’s followers expanded Islamic power.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He started war against those Arab tribes, which did not want to accept him as a ruler. A dynasty of Caliphs was established. Christians and Jews got an opportunity to live according to their own faith; although they had to accept Islam as a dominant faith and were obliged to pay taxes.
Faith, spiritual perfection and practice are considered to be the most important variables Islam is based on. The three key things are associated with peace and mercy. Finally, it should be noted that Muhammad’s teaching must not be regarded as a religion.
The most appropriate word, which can be used to explain the connotative meaning of Islam, is Deen; despite the fact that Deen is translated as a religion, the semantic meaning of the Arabic word differs from the meanings English dictionaries contain. One can probably conclude that Islam is not a religion; it is a mode of life.
References In the Wake of Rome: the Islamic, Byzantine, and Carolingian Empires. (n. d.). Bloomu.edu. Retrieved from http://facstaff.bloomu.edu/mhickey/to 1650 lecture 8.htm
Tahir-ul-Qadri, M. (2001). Islam and Politics. Mediamonitors.net. Retrieved from https://www.mediamonitors.net/islam-and-politics/
The Aspects of Hispanic History and Culture Analytical Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents History of Hispanics
Culture of Hispanics
Usefulness of the Term Hispanics
Ways of Engaging with Hispanic Students
Activities of Educating other Students about Hispanics
Addressing Hispanics in Standard Curriculum
History of Hispanics In the history of the U.S, New Spain came into existence before New England. Santa Fe and N.M also came before Mass and Boston. Most of the studies that focus on U.S history emphasize on how the British colonies of North America were found and their subsequent growth, their gaining of independence in 1776 and the east to west growth of the U. S.
This approach disregards the truth that the current American Southwest was significantly colonized by Spain since the 16th century. The fact that the entire Southwest region was characterized by individuals who spoke Spanish, with their unique culture, heritage and customs for a long period of time is also not considered. This fact is only recognized after reference to the Mexican War is made (Guisepi, n.d).
The groups of U.S Citizens who spoke Spanish and became part of the country due to the Mexican War are known as Mexican Americans. Additional Spanish-Speaking individuals originated from Puerto Rico and Cuba while few immigrated from South and Central America. All these individuals are collectively referred to as Hispanics.
Culture of Hispanics Hispanics comprise of an ethnic minority in the U.S with the fastest growth rate. Approximately 60 per cent of the Hispanics is believed to have originated from Mexico. Despite the fact that their experiences of discrimination have not been as pronounced as those of African Americans, some of them have nonetheless been characterized by low education and economic levels.
Hispanic is not a term with an ethnic orientation but rather makes reference to a native cultural and language background. The group referred to as Hispanics is comprised of individuals whose ethnic origins are diverse. Since the Hispanics have a strong attachment to their particular national origin, they do not consider themselves a group with single identity (Guisepi, n.d).
Despite the fact that they are spread throughout the U.S, their number is higher in some regions than others. For instance, the states of California and Texas constitute about 50 per cent of all Hispanics that live in the U.S. Their concentration is however most significant in Miami, which is also referred to as Dade country.
The immigration of Hispanics into the U.S is justified by two fundamental reasons. The first one is that they were running away from political incrimination while the second one is that they were in search of economic opportunities in the U.S. For instance, a large percentage of Puerto Ricans and Mexicans entered the U.S in their bid to earn a living since they lived in poverty.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, Cubans fled their country into the U.S due to political reasons after Fidel Castro took over the reins of power in the 20th century (Guisepi, n.d).
Usefulness of the Term Hispanics As a minority group, it is very important to focus on children of Hispanic origin in the U.S educational system. Since the group is characterized by racial orientations that differ from those of Native Americans, it is possible for them to be ignored, misrepresented or misunderstood in U.S early childhood education programs.
It is therefore important for early childhood education programs to factor in their racial orientations to ensure that their needs are addressed effectively. This is because cultural values cannot be separated with educational processes.
When children are taken to school, their societal or family values can either be challenged or enhanced as they begin to get socialized. Their values vary the same way their cultural backgrounds and ethnicities do. Owing to the ever changing nature of student population, it is critical for early childhood education programs to satisfactorily address the needs of students without eroding their culture (York, 2005).
Misrepresentation and wrong understanding of Hispanics in early childhood education programs in the U.S is likely to occur due to the ever increasing number of Hispanic immigrants into the country. Studies have indicated that about 20 per cent of bilingual students in the U.S grow up in Hispanic set ups. The number of Hispanic children has also been increasing faster than the rest of the other ethnic and racial groups found in the U.S.
Ways of Engaging with Hispanic Students The bio-ecological dimension of looking at child development argues that the diversity of contextual factors that influence the development of children should be considered. Rogoff (2003) explains that the cultural development of children is biological.
This implies that culturally responsive education should be encouraged during the formative years of students in order to enhance development conditions that are both biologically and culturally appropriate. This involves the employment of prior experiences and cultural knowledge in order to increase the efficacy and appropriateness of learning. In such an approach, children are educated through their own strengths.
We will write a custom Essay on The Aspects of Hispanic History and Culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, social, intellectual and emotional learning can be enhanced through cultural references to inculcate skills, knowledge and attitudes among the students. Teachers can also include cognition that is culturally mediated, social situations that are culturally relevant for learning and content that transmits culturally recognized knowledge. Finally, teachers who are culturally responsive emphasize the need for education to preserve cultural heritage and identity alongside teaching academic content.
Activities of Educating other Students about Hispanics In order to ensure that Hispanic children are integrated into the early childhood education systems, it is important to educate other students on the importance of appreciating and honoring the culture and background of their Hispanic colleagues.
The first activity that teachers can use to educate other students on this is by giving students from Hispanic origin tasks that require them to integrate and interact with the rest of the students. By so doing, the other students learn to appreciate the culture and background of the Hispanics (York, 2005).
The second activity that teachers can use is to organize competitions that enable the Hispanic students bring out their best qualities and strengths. In such events, they might even exhibit the ability to do things that native students may not be able to do. As a result, they learn to appreciate the cultural diversity of the Hispanics.
Addressing Hispanics in Standard Curriculum In order to address the Hispanic culture throughout the standard curriculum, a number of measures should be taken. The first measure is to promote acculturation or integration. This implies that the culture of the Hispanics should be valued and recognized throughout the curriculum as opposed to compelling Hispanic students to assimilate to American culture.
The second measure of addressing the culture throughout the curriculum is by recognizing common values and ideas that characterize different cultures while the third measure is being attentive to the needs of minority races to ensure that their concerns are fully addressed in the curriculum.
Some of the important resources that can be utilized include ‘The cultural nature of human development’ by Rogoff, Understanding development in a cultural context: The challenge for teachers by Bowman
Costa Rica, a Rainforest Preserved Research Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Preservation of the Rainforests
Threats to the Rainforests
Introduction Costa Rica (a country in South American) is located between Nicaragua and Panama. With a total land size of 19,653 sq miles, Cost Rica boarders Caribbean Sea and North Pacific Ocean.
The greatest distance connecting its principal point is 200 miles. This paper discusses Costa Rica with respect to preserved Rainforests and other related geographical phenomena. The country is not highly populated and has a total population of only 3.5 million people. It has five major geographical areas namely the Pacific, Caribbean, North Central Plains, Central Valley, and the Northwest Peninsula.
It has seven provinces namely “Alajuela, Heredia, San Jose, Limon, Guanacaste, Cartago, and Puntarenas” (Infocostarica 1). Different regions of Costa Rica exhibit different geographical and climatic conditions. The regions have features such as volcanoes and mountains, rivers, forests, and valleys. The rainy season is one of the features of Costa Rica. This has increased the number of rivers and rainforests tremendously. Some of the major rivers in Costa Rica include San Juan, Tempisque, Sixaola, and Pacuare.
There are numerous mountain ranges stretching across the country. A major mountain ridge is the Costa Rican ridge that includes Cordillera of Guanacaste, Cordillera Central, Cordillera of Tilaran, and Cordillera of Talamanca. The volcanic ranges in Costa Rica include the Guanacaste Range, the Central Volcanic Range and the Talamanca Range.
The Rainforests Costa Rica is featured with various rainforests (a habitat of about 10000 species of trees and plants). More than a quarter of this Central American country is used as biological reserve and for wildlife refuge. It is also among the most bio-diverse countries in the world (Govisitcostarica 1).
The forests in Costa Rica can be classified as rainforest, cloud forest, and topical dry forest. However, the rainforests are the most common in Costa Rica. They are mainly located in the south western parts of the country. Moreover, they exist in the Atlantic lowlands and characteristically featured by tall trees as well as drooping vines. The trees in the forests are tall and some reach up to 70 meters.
The forests are habitat to many animals and many species of plants. Some of the rainforests include Arenal Volcano National Park, Barbilla National Park, Carara National Park and Braulio Carrillo National Park. The cloud forests are mainly located on the slopes of volcanoes and mountains. The tropical forests, on the other hand, are mainly in the North Pacific coast of the country.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The rainforests of Costa Rica are characterized by high levels of biodiversity. Rainforests possess nearly 12000 species of vegetation as well as 1240 different kinds of butterflies. Species of birds in Costa Rica nears 838 while reptiles constitute 440. This is a critical ecological provision when observed decisively. In addition, there are 232 species of mammals (rainforests.mongabay 1). There are five different layers in the rainforests and these are the emergent, the canopy, the under storey, shrub and ground.
Each of these layers has particular plants and animals that are adapted to the conditions in them. The rainforests are also characterized with many rivers and many waterfalls. Geographically, this is a critical provision in the context of biodiversity and environmental viability. It is important to protect the rainforests as advocated by the government.
Rainforests receive approximately 2000 to 6000 mm of rain per year and are in the altitude of between 0-1000m above sea level. The highest temperature in the forests is usually 330C while the lowest is usually 22 degree centigrade (costarica21 1). The tropical rainforests have a variety of plants and trees.
Some of the animals in the rainforests include the green basilisk, the green iguana, the two toed and the three toed sloth and the poison dart frog among many others. There are also different types of birds in the rainforests and these usually attract a lot of bird watchers.
Preservation of the Rainforests Costa Rica has established and enacted critical conservation plans mandated to protect the mentioned rainforests considerably. The plan aims at protecting more than ten percent of the country so as to have large forest coverage. The implementation of the plan has began and one strip of forest covers over 40 miles without any interruption. The forest strip covers 9 ecological locations in Costa Rica. It extends to areas 12500M altitude.
In 1995, the state initiated a credible program mandated to guard 18% of the Costa Rica’s rainforests. The 18 percent land coverage was to be converted into national parks. In addition to this, another 13 percent of the country was to be given to individuals so that they make private reserves. The state besieged regions with enormous biodiversity for protection. Land owners were issued with certificates of forest protection by the government.
These certificates paid the land owners an average of $50 annually for every hectare of forest cover that they protected. This is the method through which the government funded the project. To this end, around two third of the country’s rainforests are under protection. The country has also initiated a number of programs to promote growth that can be sustained.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Costa Rica, a Rainforest Preserved specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Forest Project of the Foundation for the Development of Central Volcanic Mountain Range is one of the projects that that aim at promoting sustainable development. This project manages around 13000 hectares through the development of plans that land owners can use to manage forests (climatepath 1).
Threats to the Rainforests Costa Rica earns remarkable revenue from ecotourism. The amount that tourism earns the country in terms of foreign exchange is higher than the amounts earned through the sale of timber. Rainforests have a lot of bio-diversity and this attracts tourists. This is a critical provision when considered decisively in the realms of economic growth and other viable developmental provisions.
The parks that the country has are accessible and the safety standards are high. However, the number of tourists at the parks is at times restricted so as to avoid damage to the forests. The encroachment of the forests by hoteliers has also led to a lot of controversy in the country.
Despite the efforts exerted by Costa Rica to protect rainforests, the country has faced numerous challenges due to deforestation. Costa Rica once had a 99 percent forest cover. This environmental viability has reduced gradually. The present situation nears only 35 percent of forest cover.
The main reasons for deforestation in this country is harvesting for timber and conversion of land for agricultural purposes. Loss of biodiversity and the effects on the climate are the two most severe consequences that destruction of the rainforests has on Costa Rica (Coztarica 1).
The threats that rainforests of Costa Rica face also include high population growth, forest sustainability challenges, and human interferences. Areas with rapid population growth in Costa Rica are in the tropics. In these areas, people clear land for sustenance farming.
Clearing of land, however, continue since rainforest soil loose nutrients quickly after a few years of farming. The other threat to the rainforests in this country is the global and regional climatic change. Global climatic changes have made the tropics warmer and have had the effect of changing the rainfall patterns and thus affect rainforests adversely (costarica21 1).
Conclusion Costa Rica is a country rich in bio-diversity. The country has numerous geographical features with five major geographical regions and seven provinces. These regions have different climatic conditions. The country receives a lot of rains and has many rainforests. The abundant rain has made the country to have many rivers. The rainforests in the country act as homes to many animals and plants. They have five different layers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Costa Rica, a Rainforest Preserved by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Each layer only harbors plants and animals adapted to it. this is a critical provision when scrutinized critically. The trees in the forests are usually tall and can reach up to 70 meters. The government of Costa Rica has put in place forest conservation plans and has involved citizens in the preservation of the rainforests. The goal is to ensure that there is a large forest cover in the country.
There are also projects that develop management plans to assist in the management of protected forests. The forests have earned the country revenue through tourism even though there are many challenges. The major challenges are deforestation, clearing of forest for farming, population growth, and global climatic changes that threaten the rainforests of Costa Rica.
Works Cited Climatepath. Costa Rican Rainforests. 2012. Web.
Costarica21. Costa Rica Tropical Rainforest. 2012. Web.
Coztarica. Tropical rainforest – a Costa Rican treasure. 2012. Web.
Govisitcostarica. Costa Rica Rainforests. 2012. Web.
Infocostarica. Geography: Overview, by Infocostarica Staff. 2012. Web.
Rainforests.mongabay. COSTA RICA. 2012. Web.
The Six Major Functions of the Government Essay a level english language essay help
Administration of justice; the government has the mandate of enforcing the rule of law. The government operates the system of courts and laws which make all mature citizens equal under the law and gives the citizens equal opportunities to achieve a just settlement of their civil disputes. It also ensures that fair treatment is given to the suspected or accused in the event of a criminal activity.
Common defense; it is the most important function of the government. A political society’s government, whether central or national, is liable for preserving the safety of that society from alien aggression according to Ethridge and Handleman (2009). As a result, the government upholds the armed forces which it utilizes during attacks and incursions by foreign authorities to provide protection of the country and the people it governs.
Domestic order; it is the duty of the government to govern and protect its citizens. Therefore, the government should uphold internal peace among the people and other groups in the society. In the constitution of the United States, domestic order or internal peace is known as domestic tranquility. The constitution was established to ensure domestic tranquility.
Protection of civil liberties; in a constitutional democratic civilization, the protection of civil liberties is the most significant function of the government. The government preserves and conserves the basic rights and liberties assured by the constitution to the members of the society.
Foreign diplomacy; the handling of foreign diplomacy is another crucial responsibility which in a sovereign state is done by the national or central government as stated by Dick, Blais and Moore (1996).
In a completely independent political culture, the central government sustains official diplomatic ties with a considerable number of other sovereign nations in the globe whose central governments formally recognize the independence of the particular political culture. It also maintains these ties with those sovereign societies willing to maintain diplomatic ties with its conventional existing central government.
Promotion of the general welfare; the government should endorse the universal good of all classes of citizens by ensuring laws safeguarding them equally are passed and that equal opportunities are provided. The general welfare encompasses transportation, education, public health and safety as sated by Noona (2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The human basic needs and interactions which are human rights, public service, allocation of resources, war and peace and physical environment are highly affected by how the government upholds its functions. The instability of the functions of the government has very adverse impacts on the most basic needs and the interaction of the citizens.
For instance, the allocation of resources can be impossible in a case where the domestic order is not maintained. Internal peace is very crucial to the survival and satisfaction of every individual and any rift in this can affect how resources are distributed.
In addition, the provision of public service in a democratic government is bound to be fair to all citizens. Therefore, the lack of justice in the provision of public service for instance in a court case, might cause enormity among citizens.
Foreign diplomacy is very important as it keeps the country secure from war and maintains peace according to Webel (2007). However, failure of the government to maintain good relations with foreign countries is likely to cause war and lack of peace among citizens.
The physical environment in which people live is very important and the government should provide enough defenses to that environment. In case of instability in military defense it can lead to insecurity of the environment in which people live since there is no strong defense.
Human rights are a major stake in the political process according to Poe and Souffrant (2008). It is the mandate of the political arm of the government to guarantee equal rights for all individuals and make sure that every individual enjoys their rights to the full capacity. Failure of the government to provide general welfare or maintain protection of civil liberties to all citizens leads to a case where some individual live much better than others hence it breeds indifferences among citizens.
References Dick, J., Blais, J.,
Processing of Intel and AMD: Chipset Technology Research Paper essay help online: essay help online
Intel faces stiff competition from Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) in the manufacture of Central Processing Units (CPUs) which are a key component in computers. AMD produces a significant percentage of the total number of CPUs sold annually. The two chipmakers have been constantly advancing the technology employed in their chipsets to retain proper market share.
The frequent refining of chipset technology by the two companies aims at realizing optimum performance in terms of graphics, speed and power consumption among other features. These chipsets differ in their clock speed, host-bus speed and cache memory among other aspects. For example, while Intel employs the hyper-threading technology in its processors, AMD uses the hyper-transport technology.
In this regard, the market has witnessed fast changes in chipset architecture and price wars between Intel and AMD. For example, AMD was the first company to introduce a 64-bit processor clocking the gigahertz speed. In response, Intel introduced the EMT64 CPU. In addition, when AMD introduced the NX processor technology, Intel responded by introducing the XDB technology in its processors.
Advantages of AMD64 chips AMD chips are manufactured from pre-existing sockets until technological constrictions demand the upgrade to a new socket. This strategy considerably favours consumers regarding replacement and upgrading of chips. AMD processors support the backward-compatibility feature as seen with the introduction of the AMD64 processor that supports 32-bit software with optimum functionality. This provides a lot of flexibility for users unlike the equivalent Intel EMT64 CPU that has minimal 32-bit functionalities.
Furthermore, AMD bridge components are easy to mix and match unlike Intel chips whose design considers certain processor families. On the other hand, Intel chips releases occur too fast and consumers face difficulties associated with replacement or upgrading due to varying socket sizes accompanying new releases.
Regarding energy consumption, AMD CPUs operate at a low energy consumption of about 275 watts. An Intel processor with similar functionalities will operate a higher power consumption of about 400 watts. This variation in power consumption is crucial as it caters for the consumers economic aspects.
AMD chips support faster clocking and over-clocking while maintaining stability. The L3 cache memory located outside the CPU core supports this functionality. By varying the BIOS settings, a user can considerably increase the processor speed. This capability is essential in high-end graphics operations where a large L2 cache memory has minimal benefits. Such applications include gaming. Intel chips, on the other hand, demonstrate resistance to over-clocking.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Disadvantages over Intel Intel L2 cache memory has a higher performance compared to the L3 AMD processors cache memory, as it is located inside the processor’s core. Since the cache memory is the fastest accessible memory, Intel EMT64 chipset has a generally faster speed compared to AMD64 Athlon especially regarding small data applications. Computers running on Intel chipsets exhibit effectiveness in extracting and analyzing data during a single program operation.
The architecture of Intel CPUs ensures the execution of tasks occurs with minimal heat generation. In addition, they have advanced cooling features. In this regard, Intel chipsets are likely to last longer than AMD chipsets with equivalent functions as they normally exhibit higher heat generation.
This is a major setback for AMD equipped machines when dealing with heavy applications. While Intel manufactures their own system boards to support their processors, AMD relies on third parties to build system boards for their CPUs. This has the effect of dragging new releases of chipsets.
Successful Strategy of Resolving Conflicts Analytical Essay a level english language essay help
It is believed that a conflict can be effectively resolved only if people search for the solution that can benefit both sides. Furthermore, decisiveness is often viewed as a negative force that only harms a person involved in a conflict or dispute.
However, there are cases when decisiveness is the only morally responsible choice that an individual can take. This argument is applicable to those situations when a person has to compromise ones ethical values.
As a rule, this compromise will not yield the expected results. Moreover, it can limit the freedom of this individual. The discussion can be important for negotiators and people who try to resolve conflicts. They have to determine when and why decisiveness can be appropriate.
First of all, one should note that conflicts usually occur when people have opposing views, goals, values, or priorities. In most cases, such disputes can be explained by the fact that people have different perceptions of the same problem of question. For instance, a conflict can arise when co-workers propose different ways of achieving the same goal. Such disputes can also occur in a family when parents have different perceptions about the education of their children.
In such cases, decisiveness is not appropriate because it usually prevents people from finding the most optimal solution. As a rule, it will harm both sides of the argument. Moreover, an individual can make concessions without compromising ones ethical values. This is why decisiveness is often regarded as a negative phenomenon.
Nevertheless, there are circumstances when decisiveness is the only appropriate approach. In particular, one can refer to the situations when a person or organization is forced to abandon ones values, ideals and moral principles. The most eloquent examples of such situations can be found in history. In 1938 England and France consented to the demands of Germany and tried to appease the leadership of the Third Reich.
At that time, many people thought that this compromise had been the most optimal solution. However, it turned out that these concessions did not bring peace to Europe. More likely, they only contributed to the outbreak of the war. It seems that in that case, decisiveness was the only responsible approach but it was not adopted.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, one can refer to the situation when a person is forced to make concessions that can limit his/her freedom and ability to take independent decisions. Very often people are made to withhold some of their rights. Such situations are widespread in the world of business, politics, and law.
It is possible to mention those cases when employees are not forbidden to disclose any information regarding the policies of a company. The problem is that sometimes these activities can run against the law or ethics. Workers, who accept these requirements of the employer, agree to limit their freedom.
Overall, negotiation and conflict resolution can hardly be possible unless both sides seek constructive or win-win solutions. However, there are exceptions to this rule. One of them is the necessity to compromise ones principles or restrict ones liberty.
A person who faces such situations should choose decisiveness, rather than the search of a compromise. It should be noted that negotiators can play a central role when resolving such conflicts. Their task will be to determine what kind of strategy a person should choose in order to succeed.
Comparative Ideologies Report writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Form of Government
Nationalism and Internationalism
Civil Liberties/Political and Socioeconomic Rights
Introduction Different forms of governments are based on different ideologies. The ideologies are important as they shape the political, social and economic structures that are important in governance. These ideologies may be different but in some cases they intertwine in order to achieve good governance.
According to Mullins (1972), political ideology refers to a collective program that deals with actions which are focused on maintaining, altering or bringing forth a positive transformation in a society. Important to note is that positive transformation varies from one society to another. It is said to be collective because it comprises of beliefs, values and morals of that particular society (Hamilton, 1987).
Form of Government Ideology forms the core values of what a government wants to achieve. It forms the underlying principle against which policies and laws shall be formed. Most ideologies concepts are based on the social contract theory. This theory states that a government’s political legitimacy is derived from a social contract between the people and the ruling class.
Social contract theory allows the citizen to cede their rights to the ruling class in exchange for the protection by the same. The political structures that shall be put in place are those which will promote the political ideologies.
Economic Policy Political ideologies normally govern the economic shape of a country. The conservatives are normally concerned with the individuality of the economic rights (Ethridge
The Ottoman Empire’s Policies against Secessionist Minorities during the period of 1820-1918 Essay essay help online: essay help online
The Ottoman Empire controlled the territories occupied by different nationalities, and this situation was the result of the historic process. However, the problem was in the fact the authorities of the Ottoman Empire did not provide the ethnic minorities with any political or social rights accentuating the highest status of the Turks over the other nationalities and discriminating minorities.
The situation of a constant tension between the Turks and the representatives of the other ethnicities who lived in the Ottoman Empire was complicated by the religious question, secessionist ideas of the minorities and a lot of bloody conflicts which were triggered with the ethnic uprisings.
Although the Ottoman Empire was the multinational state and this situation was affected by the historic processes, the Turks followed the policy of exterminating any non-Turkish elements in the Empire and provided violent repression policies against the representatives of Greek-Balkan people, Armenians, and Assyrians who were Christians and against definite Muslim populations in order to ‘clean’ the territories from the minorities who rejected the principles of the discriminating strategy.
The authorities of the Ottoman Empire provided their repression policies during the whole century. To annihilate all the non-Turkish population, including Kurds and Arabs, and maintain the power of the Turks, the authorities developed a strict repression policy based on discriminations, massacres, and deportations (Goldschmidt, 2001). The discriminative measures depended on a lot of legal restrictions for the non-Muslims.
The Christians did not have the right to participate in the political life of the state, keep any arms, and their taxes were higher in comparison with the taxes determined for the Muslims. Any fact of the minorities’ opposition against the discriminative policy was discussed as the trigger for developing numerous massacres.
The bloodiest massacres were against Maronites in 1860, against the Armenians during 1894-1896 and in 1915, and against the Assyrians after World War I. The cause for these mass murders was to decrease the opposition and frighten the representatives of the other nationalities and religions (Quataert, 2005).
The specifics of the repression policies can be discussed with references to the problems of the Assyrians at the territories of the Ottoman Empire. To reduce the possibility of Christian rebellions during World War I, the authorities developed the strategy of the violent deportation of the Assyrians in the region of Mesopotamia.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The first step was to kill the male population who could develop rebellions. The next step was to repress and arrest the representatives of the social and cultural elite in order to reduce the opposition of the other minorities’ representatives.
The last stage was the deportation of the Assyrians. As a result, women, old people, and ill persons were finally deported. These people had to walk several weeks, and many of them died. The other deported persons were challenged by the issues of starvation and poverty in new territories. These stages of the repression policies were used for discriminating all the representatives of the ethnic or religious minorities in the Ottoman Empire (Quataert, 2005).
Trying to preserve the Empire’s powerfulness and avoid its decline, the authorities of the Ottoman Empire were inclined to prevent any oppositions and rebellions of the minorities with the help of the further discrimination, massacres, and deportations. The efforts to ‘clean’ the Empire from the religious and ethnic minorities or non-Turkish elements resulted in developing repression policies and Genocide.
References Goldschmidt, A. (2001). A concise history of the Middle East. USA: Westview Press.
Quataert, D. (2005). The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922. USA: Cambridge University Press.
Marketing Plan: Legacy Village Essay essay help online
Introduction Marketing plan is essential for companies or enterprises in order to reach their clients and establish a strong base of customers. It describes the strategies, which an organization intends to use to retain and attract customers (Berkowitz 127). Therefore, marketing plan is significant for success of an organization.
It is therefore, paramount for organizations to develop effective marketing plan. This helps in management and operational plans for the organization. In addition, marketing plan assists organization to accomplish the set goal. This report devises budget of one of products of Legacy Village and evaluates outcomes to measure the effectiveness of marketing plan.
Legacy Village is located in Layton. It a serene and convenient place that offers services such as retirement living, assisted living, rehabilitation, and memory care. Retirement living enables clients to interact with each other comfortably through learning and leisure activities. Assisted living entails providing services for senior people who are unable to manage themselves. However, these people do not require comprehensive and intensive daily medical care.
Memory care encompasses total management and assistance of senior people. Professionals in memory care help clients in grooming, bathing, and eating. Finally, rehabilitation at Legacy Village offers services such as recovery from surgical operations, strokes, injuries, or orthopedic cases of hospitalization (Legacy Village 1).
Legacy Village is extremely essential for helping seniors who have some disabilities as well as those in the recovery process. It is therefore significant for this organization to develop a marketing plan that enables it to achieve its goals. The following table indicates budget estimates for the retirement living. This is one of the products, which Legacy Village offers to its esteemed customers. The budget shows the costs of services such as an advertisement in both print and electronic media.
Table of Cost Estimates for Retirement Living at Legacy Village of Layton Type of Advertisement Cost Estimate (U.S Dollars) Daily Newspapers $2000 Television $1500 Online $2000 Social Media $3000 Exhibitions $5000 Publications/Articles/Brochures $8000 Telemarketing $2500 Grand Total $26000 Methods to Evaluate outcomes of Marketing Plan on Retirement Living It is highly prudent for Legacy Village to devise a method that evaluates the outcome of the marketing plan for retirement living. This is because evaluation of the plan is tremendously significant in establishing whether the organization has accomplished its set goals and objectives (Berkowitz 200).
This therefore means that the marketing plan should give tangible results for the success of Legacy Village. Some of the ways that the health organization in question can use include, bottom up approach, negotiated approach, and objectives approach.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bottom-up approach entails getting feedback from the consumers of the retirement living service. This will help the management at Legacy Village to have deeper knowledge of the demands of their customers. On top of this, organization will improve the quality of its services hence satisfaction to the customers.
Negotiated approach is a method that encompasses collecting comments from a big number of people. This will assist Legacy Village elicit and attract potential customers to use their products. This organization can create a strong database, which will enable current and potential customers to post their feedback.
A third method, which is sound for evaluation entails objective approach. The organization in question can use statistical data such as records and surveys (Berkowitz 195). This therefore calls the organization to keep the data of any transaction and activities safely. The three ways of evaluation, which this report has highlighted can benefit the Legacy Village in their mission to care for seniors.
Work Cited Berkowitz, Eric. Essentials of Health Care Marketing. New York: Aspen publishers, 2011. Print.
Legacy Village. Legacy Village, Layton. Web. https://www.legacyretire.com/
Chad Vs Libya Territorial Dispute Of the Aouzo Strip Analytical Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
The Aouzo strip was a barren land between the border of Chad and Libya and both countries were claiming it. Chad was claiming the strip because the border was fixed by the treaty of friendship and good neighborliness between Libya and France but not between Libya and Chad.
Chad further alleged that the treaty included a formal acceptance by Libya’s France claims to the borders of its colonial possessions in Africa. The borders had been the subject of earlier agreements between Italy and Britain. Chad claimed that the 1955 treaty that recognized the validity of these previous colonial agreements still bound Libya.
Libya on the other claimed title not only to the strip but also to significance amounts of territory south of it, based on variety of assertions including the invalidity of the 1955 treaty which France illegally coerced Libya’s king into signing, the lack of any recognition in the treaty of the Chad –Libyan border in particular; the allegiance of Libya to various inhabitants of the region and prior title to the territory held by the Ottoman Empire and Italy, the predecessor colonial power to Libya.
Libya supported a rebellion by inhabitants of northern Chad against an already weak central government to assert its claims. After the central government lost control of the strip, local leaders allowed Libyan military personnel into the area, following which it set up a de facto administration of the region. Diplomatic negotiations through out the 1970s by OAU failed to reach a solution.
In 1980 when Chad’s civil war intensified, Libya invaded a large area of Chad out side the strip, captured the capital, N’Djamena and ousted the official government in favor of its pro Libyan rival. Libya and the new government even discussed the merger of the two states. OAU strongly condemned this invasion and threatened to cancel its scheduled summit to take place in Tripoli. It is then that Libya agreed to pull its trips out of much of the country.
In 1983, the Chadian government appealed to UN Security Council to demand Libya’s total withdrawal. The Soviet Union vetoed a UN resolution calling for withdrawal. Chad succeeded in ousting the Libyan military from northern Chad- except for the strip- in a lightning action in august 1987.
After two more years of OAU sponsored negation and mediation, the two states agreed to settle the dispute by political means within one year or if they failed to do so, to summit it for determination at the ICJ, in The Hague. In 1990, after negotiations failed, the two states asked the court to determine their mutual border in accordance with principles of international law.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The primary actors in the Libyan Chad dispute are former colonial masters i.e. France, Italy and Britain who established the treaty of friendiship and good neighborliness. The 1955 treaty is also a primary actor because it recognized validity of previous colonial agreements. The secondary actors are the two countries in the conflict i.e. Chad and Libya.
The main governing legal instruments include the OAU and the ICJ in The Hague. The 1955 treaty of friendship and good neighborliness is also an instrument in this case because it provides the guidelines and principles which were to be adhered to by parties which entered the treaty.
A part from the OAU, the UN Security Council and ICJ no other institution or people were involved in arbitration. The ICJ relied heavily on a French colonial map of 1899. The line from the 1919 France- Britain agreement, combined with the line resulting from the France. Italy agreement determined the border, as Chad had claimed.
The court further considered the attitude of the two parties involved in the conflict. Before the matter got into international arena, Libya had not made any complaint. During this period France submitted reports of this territory to the UN General Assembly. The 1955 report showed the area of Chad’s territory as 1284000 km2 which expressly includes the Aouzou strip. Libya did not challenge the territorial dimension of Chad as set out by France. The ICJ ruled that Chad’s area was 1284000 which include the Aouzou strip.
Libya and Chad agreed to abide by the ruling and in April 1994 they reached an agreement on the practicalities of the Libyan withdrawal, removal of mines and demarcation of the border. A team of UN observers was called to monitor the withdrawal. On May 30, in accordance with the withdrawal schedule previously agreed upon, Libya completed its withdrawal and the UN certified the result.
The case rainbow warrior The Rainbow Warrior was a converted research trawler bought by an NGO called Greenpeace. Rainbow Warrior was used to publicize protests against commercial whaling practices, the dumping of nuclear wastes in the oceans and off shore oil and gas operations.
The rainbow warrior was bombed by members of the French Directorate General of External Security (DGSE) which docked in Auckland harbor, New Zealand. The ensuing explosion resulted in the sinking and total destruction of the ship and death of Fernando Pereira, a Dutch crew member. The vessel had been scheduled to protest upcoming French under ground nuclear testing in the Atoll.
We will write a custom Essay on Chad Vs Libya Territorial Dispute Of the Aouzo Strip specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The sinking of the vessel made France to start restricting certain New Zealand exports to French and French territories. France also began to link the Rainbow Warrior dispute to the question of future access to the European community of New Zealand economy. In response New Zealand filled a formal complaint to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
The contentious issue was the fate of major Mafart and captain Prieur. The ICJ ruled that the agents be taken to a military facility of French away from Europe for a period not less than 36 months. They were to stay to the island until both countries could give permission for them to leave. The court further stated that French should submit reports of the two to the government of New Zealand and UN General Assembly. The New Zealand government was free to visit the island with an agreed third party (Thomson 122).
France failed to comply by the ruling but manipulated the system and gave lame excuses to remove the two agents from the island before the end of their three year term they were supposed to stay on the island. The tribunal set to arbitrate on the case ruled that a financial kitty be established and France begins by contributing $2,000, 000 to enhance peaceful coexistence among the citizens of the two countries. France complied with this condition and donated the money.
The main actor in this conflict was an NGO called Greenpeace and the French government. New Zealand was a secondary actor in the case while the governing legal instruments used for deciding the case were the ICJ and the arbitral tribunal provided in paragraph 5 of Secretary General’s ruling. No other people/institution was involved in the process of arbitration a part from the family of Fernando Pereira that was compensated by the French government.
Comparison of the cases The two are different in terms of actors involved because the Libya-Chad case revolves around a stronger state (Libya) trying to undermine the territorial integrity of a weaker state (Chad) by taking advantage of civil unrest to claim parts of its geographical area. In this case also the government of Libya accepted to abide the ruling of the ICJ because of fear of international sanctions from the Security Council.
The channel of arbitration is also different because in Libyan – Chadian case the parties did not seek the indulgence of local courts to solve the dispute instead they relied on international bodies like the ICJ and OAU to solve their dispute. This could be based on the fact that the courts in these countries are not independent and prone to manipulation by the executive.
In the case of the rainbow warrior however, both countries had independent judicial systems but the difference was in the laws. The means of arbitration and the governing legal instruments are similar in both cases i.e. the use of the UN Security Council (Azevedo 58).
It is possible to consider the first case as representing a more traditional (classic) approach to international law because there was no difference in law over the issue but only a matter of proving that a territory belongs to the country. In this case Chad proved beyond doubt that the territory in question was hers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Chad Vs Libya Territorial Dispute Of the Aouzo Strip by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The second case can be considered a move towards more “contemporary” modus operandi to international law because the two countries had laws that contradicted each other over the issue of committing a crime on official orders.
Works Cited Azevedo, Mario. Roots of Violence: A History of War in Chad, New York: Rutledge, 1998. Print.
Thomson, Janice. Mercenaries, pirates, and sovereigns: state-building and extraterritorial violence in early modern Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Pres, 1996. Print.
Columbia Industries, Inc. by John Zerio Case Study scholarship essay help
In a quest for the leadership of the Columbia Industries, Inc., to address the safety and performance problems with the Hyster lift trucks formally presented by the head mechanic, a number of options were explored.
Crucial in the specifications to address the problems included maneuverability, safety, maintenance costs, and mast extensions that could reach 260 inches. The search for solutions was further reinforced by the failure of Columbia Industries Inc., to address in a timely manner the needs of their customers due to limited trucks, which impacted adversely on their customer base.
The procedure to purchase the lift tracks undertaken by Mr. Stuart West, the industrial engineer, Mr. Jacques Debre, the plant manager, and Ms Sandra Orgosky, the plant engineer followed a process where each of the 5 companies (Komatsu, Toyota, yale, Caterpillar, and Hyster) were provided adequate opportunities to provide demonstrations of their lifts for evaluation purposes.
Each of the salesmen of these companies provided their presentations and product offerings, but attempted to use means to influence the decision to have their lift trucks bought, with the exemption of Komatsu narrated about their lifts. Hyster relied on past business relationships and regular meetings with Mr West, Caterpillar and Komatsu extracted secrets about other companies, Toyota made little effort though they had reliable machines.
The company had settled on purchasing five weight lifts instead of seven as was the initial requirement therefore limiting the flexibility of addressing the concerns of the workers. However, Caterpillar was the company that completely addressed the needs of the buying center. That was because Yale offered relatively cheaper machine at $ 17, 380 and surpassed the safety and performance expectations.