Challenges For Universal Human Rights Essay College Application Essay Help

Table of Contents Introduction

Women’s rights and circumcision

Northern versus Southern discourse

Communality over universality-the case for Asia

Philosophical challenges

Cultural relativist concerns



Introduction A fair number of countries around the world have been criticised for poor human rights implementation. It is essential to study them and determine why these nations have not embraced universal human principles because behind every observation is an underlying ideological or philosophical premise. At this point, one must recognise that there are two divergent ideas that exist in this matter; universalism and relativism (Freeman, 2002).

Critics often argue that universal human rights contravene multicultural societies and should therefore be abandoned. However, proponents of universalism argue that humans need to constantly understand each other and also need to seek for ways of improving themselves. To abandon the very notion of universal human rights would be to accept the status quo. These diverse notions have therefore complicated the human rights agenda and need to be critically analysed.

Women’s rights and circumcision The issue of female rights as analysed through female genital mutilation (FGM) in various parts of the world provides a unique platform for understanding how challenging universalism of human rights can be. Many societies in Africa and the Middle East engage in this practice; which is a fact that has generated a lot of debate around the issue. Proponents of this practice base their standpoints on three major grounds.

They assert that it suppresses sexuality in women thus propagating monogamy. Conversely, it can be understood as a distinct representation of one’s cultural identity. Most individuals who hold this view are actually women who are expected to or who have gone through the practice themselves. Girls in these societies are socialised to respect marriage, so female genital mutilation becomes an important precursor to eligibility for marriage.

These women cannot be opposed to the act because if they choose to do, they may be alienated and condemned to a life of loneliness. Circumcision is a platform for identification with one’s community or kinsmen. Other supporters of the practice think of it as a symbol of beauty. The clitoris is perceived as a masculine trait so its removal would reinforce their femininity (Abusharaf, 2001).

On the other hand, this practice puts its participants at serious risk of infections, infertility or even tetanus. Those who do it for religious purposes may not find support for it in their holy books such as the Quran. Female genital mutilation can also lead to painful sexual relations, death and very difficult (if not fatal) childbirths.

All these effects makes it a seemingly vicious and even torturous act. It is no wonder that the United Nations considers FGM a violation of female rights (More, 2006). Such human rights groups have sought to repress or wipe out the practice altogether (Shute


Analysis of Advertisements in Magazines Essay essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

Analysis of Magazine Advertisements

Shape Magazine

Marie Claire Magazine

New Idea Magazine


Works Cited

Introduction Advertisement forms have changed over the years with each period suited to fit the target audience. Technological developments in print have improved the quality of magazine advertisements and increased target audience market coverage.

Although technological improvements with online versions of magazines have improved, the print version has maintained a significant market share and demand. Magazines have narrowed their target audience with considerations such as gender, race, age, education levels among others which however do not prohibit those not targeted from accessing the magazines. The advertisements in the magazines, articles discussed, and cover pages fit the magazines’ target audience.

Magazine publications have a rich history of fashion, beauty, celebrity, recipes among other topical issues in the generation of the target audience. Women have many issues surrounding them and hence women magazines have existed over the years. Since these magazines have existed over several decades, it is important to analyze them with comparisons between the times in terms of objectives, changes and differences, target audience, messages and images covered.

Analysis of Magazine Advertisements The women magazines in the market all are different in their target audience though covering similar issues. The years of origin, background and purposes also differ and change over time to accommodate generational changes (Hough-Yates 112). This analysis shall focus on Shape magazine, Marie Claire magazine and New Idea magazine.

Shape Magazine Just as the name suggests, Shape Magazine is a women magazine that focuses on their fitness to attain the shape presumed to be preferable for the period of discussion. It is written in English language and its origin dates back to 1981 by Weider publications. This analysis shall involve the years 1983 and 2010 for Shape Magazine.

Shape Magazine in 1983

The 1980s decade was characterized by a pop culture and music which influenced the dancing style of the time. It is during this period that the concept of aerobics was introduced from the dance halls to the gym.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Health fitness of the time was based on keeping fit. Gyms were beginning to increase though not as much. Celebrity fitness formed the basis of fitness magazine advertisements. Shape magazine in 1983 targeted women of all years into fitness though it did not have age-specific articles. The products advertised at the time were mainly swim suits, fitness and gym wears.

The magazine did not emphasize on diet though dietary articles were present. The messages were based on maintenance of fit bodies, encouragement of aerobics, and use of celebrity fitness to influence women into fitness programs. The images mainly included women in swim suits to reveal the shapely bodies with the focus of celebrities of the time (Gough-Yates 208).

Shape Magazine in 2010

The fitness culture increased in the 2010 period with issues of weight loss, style and beauty, health and increase dietary consciousness. Shape magazine still targets women in the 2010 year with its base on their fitness and has a sexual appeal, which is, encouraging fitness as a way of being sexy. The implicit messages in the magazine do provide direct and increased scope coverage of fitness issues.

It allows the responses of the audience and then carries out research on such issues and publishes them. Fitness for shape magazines are based more on losing weight as a way of being fit and sexy such as obtaining a flat stomach, increased advice on healthy eating and dieting, increased coverage of women celebrities work outs, lifestyles and advice, different articles on losing of weight and how to attain a perfect shape faster, videos on work outs and other beauty and style issues.

The products advertised in Shape magazine are very many and fall into the category of the article discussed including fitness gadgets, dietary books, work out programs, beauty products, dieting products, slimming products, weight management mechanisms and evaluation products among others. The images are more on expert advice on weight related issues; they include celebrities and have a sexual appeal added to them.

Shape magazine is similar to that of 1983 in the target audience, images especially cover images with swim suits although those of 1983 emphasize on the sexual appeal and include more celebrities. Shape magazine in 2010 further increases the scope of fitness coverage, increases articles on diet and health as well as emphasizes on weight loss.

We will write a custom Essay on Analysis of Advertisements in Magazines specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Marie Claire Magazine This is a fashion magazine that dates back to 1937, written in the English language and dominated more in the US, Australia and UK and in other languages for other nations though it was published earlier in France. The target audience of the magazine is specific to the country with that of US targeting women in the world.

The magazine from its origin has been addressing issues in the world affecting women with information on beauty, fashion and health. The magazine has maintained the objective of providing its readers with information substantial enough on the changing and new looks and the fashionable styles of the time. This analysis shall compare 1930s and 2008.

Marie Claire Magazine in 1938

The magazine was issued on a weekly basis in France and based its topics affecting the women with the target on the middle class women. The issues included the discrimination of women, how to be home keepers, and the social environment since women were expected to be conservative and feminine taking their place in the home (Gough- Yates, 157). Divorce was prohibited at the time and issues could not be openly discussed.

During this time, the images were of the fashionable hats and were captured to show only that with the concept of beauty being confined, conservative and more on the hair styles. The magazine included the trends of fashion based on women of high class such as the queen. The products advertised were not much and included the same hats, hair beauty and beauty products especially the lipsticks while the distributing systems were minimal.

Marie Claire in 2008

The magazine is published on a monthly basis and the theme issues addressed target the ordinary woman. The magazine provides up to date information on fashion with changes in fashion trends.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of Advertisements in Magazines by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Unlike in the 1930s, the fashion trends represented change within short time with the introduction of fashion themes in the earlier years. The issues discussed in the magazine are more liberal and range from health, family matters, marriage, celebrity styles, fitness, health, beauty and other concerns such as legal matters, financial issues, relationships and careers among others (Gauntlett 314).

The images are of high quality and represent the modern woman permeating to all ages capturing all fashion trends in sports wear, make up, clothes for different occasions including fashion during pregnancy, work, party among others, celebrity styles, hair styles and fashion expert advice services. Other than fashion, the magazine is inclined to women beauty, fitness and health.

The magazines carries forth massive advertisements touching on the issues discussed such clothes, beauty products, hair products, services, health matters, fitness and fitness products, family related products, tours and travel advertisements, fashion stores among others. The stories represent issues faced by women with emphasis on confidence and justice and more inclination to providing celebrity styles (Gough-Yates 134).

New Idea Magazine This is a weekly published magazine in Australia targeting the women. It dates back to 1902 with coverage of issues and news around and affecting celebrities, recipes and competitions. This analysis shall focus on 1982 and 2010.

New Idea Magazine in 1982

In this period, the magazine focused on issues surrounding celebrities, fashion and beauty trend with emphasis on celebrities’ lifestyles, cooking recipes of the time, health issues, art work and competitions. The products were mainly representing the items used by celebrities of the times and of high costs and quality. The images used were mainly of people of high profile and fitted into the high quality of the times (Gauntlett 217).

New Idea Magazine in 2010

The magazine is still published weekly in Australia with the target still being women. The magazine mainly covers celebrity stories, events and lifestyles, topical issues, cooking recipes of the modern times and still includes competitions and special offers. The magazine is closely related to that at the 1980s only the application to the times differs and the wider coverage where the audience are able to provide their comments on the blog through electronic media.

Conclusion The target audience for the magazines discussed has not really changed over the time. The magazines however such as Mari Claire has increased its content scope in fashion with more liberalism, the Shape magazine has maintained its focus but increased coverage with more emphasis on diet and weight loss and focus on the body shape.

The new idea magazine has not differed from its earlier publications both in content or coverage but just in use of electronic media. The relevance of the women magazines has proved to thus permeate and maintain relevance with applications to the trends in the times.

Works Cited Gauntlett, David. Media, gender and Identity: An introduction. London: Routledge Publications, 2008.

Gough-Yates, Anna. Understanding Women’s Magazines. London: Routledge Publications, 2002.


Use of Technology for GE Essay essay help: essay help

Outline Introduction

– Under this section, the importance of technology in the efficient running of an organization is explored


-This section examines the use of information technology by GE and how some of the policies on use of internet from various countries could impact on the expansion program of GE. In addition, the section also employees’ issues related to use of technology and the consequences of failing to comply with the established guidelines.


-Here, the importance of information technology for an organization with a global reach as GE is recaptured for purposes of enhancing the company’s efficient operation.

Introduction For any organization that wishes to maintain a competitive edge in the market, there is need to embrace technology. This is because the proper harnessing of technology helps an organization to become more efficient in its operations. There are many benefits that come about when an organization embraces technology. To further explore some of these benefits, this research paper shall explore the use of technology by General Electric (GE).

Discussion Many countries have embraced the use of the internet albeit with some questions being raised (Abbate, 1999, p. 12).GE has been involved in a massive expansion program to enhance its global presence. As a matter of fact, some of the policies implemented by various countries that deals with the use of information technology may affect GE’s ability to expand further globally.

There are many issues that come about once an organization with a global presence as GE decides to expand. With the use of internet, employee’s issues related to use of information technology often crops up. It is important for an organization to address such issues as they cannot be ignored.

Because there are many opportunities for expansion, issues relating to work have posed a big challenge as a result of the need to implement them in line with the established guidelines (Abbate, 1999, p. 15).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On certain occasions, the issue of global supply chain control arises. As a result, we could end up with restricted the flow of business (just because they have to be adhered to). In addition to these, there have also been issues that relate to international tax compliance and structuring. This have in most occasions eroded the vast opportunities that are available due to the extremes in this scenario.

New technology has always presented a lot of opportunities for adoption by businesses. However, this has on certain occasions been overshadowed by certain issues that need to be explored further (Castells, 1996, p.4). The internet has been viewed as a great way of doing business by consumers in many countries and this explains its wide use all over the globe. Consumers in many countries have embraced the internet and therefore see it as a very efficient way of advancing their lives.

However, the internet has been used suspiciously due to privacy issues where some customers have feared that whatever they are doing might not be private at all (Castells, 1996. P.7). Consumers will be less concerned about internet privacy if they are convinced that they are secure in whatever they are doing online in all occasions.

Because of some complains and the exposure that the internet puts to many customers some governments have come up with consumer protection laws to ensure that indeed they are protected. The presence of such laws though in some instances has redefined business they have also been critical.

In spite of all these shortcomings, consumers still view the internet as an avenue for accessing numerous business opportunities that would otherwise have remained impossible to achieve. Since GE has a global presence in its business operations, there is need for the organization to adjust its operational procedures.

The first thing to do is to ensure that its operations are well coordinated to avoid any leaks that might end up being used to its disadvantage in other countries. Since GE is involved in global business, it has to abide by the various laws and business guidelines that have been put in place by those countries (Castells, 1996, p. 9). Its operations might have to be too involving (that is; by involving all the stakeholders) for them to succeed.

Personal and organizational responsibilities for moral and ethical use of technology Despite the need to adopt technology in order to compete in today’s world, an organization must determine, develop and implement methods of anticipating and responding to issues that may arise from technological activities.

We will write a custom Essay on Use of Technology for GE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Any industrial corporation worldwide that is utilizing technology must be able to respond to social needs. Proactive philosophy is a responsive approach that companies using technology must adhere to. It is important to anticipate problems before they occur and develop approaches of dealing with those problems.

This is one of the key issues that an organization can extend to its internal and external stakeholders as well as to the general community. The other key issue is adapting to accommodation philosophy. This means doing more that the minimum expectation from the public policy. Related to this is the need to avoid any illegal act that will affect the society at large. Such include having harmful emissions from the adopted technology.

Technological advancements like steam engines and electricity can be used for not only good but also to commit social crime hence threatening social values. With this in mind, it is important to have ethical considerations in the use of technology. Some of the moral responsibilities associated with technology include:

The information rights and obligations This includes the information rights that individual and organizations have on the technology as well as to themselves.

System quality

This explains about the standards of system and data quality and whether it protects individual’s rights as well as the society’s safety.

Property rights and obligations

This dictates the protection that traditional intellectual rights have in relation to the digital society. This is because accounting for their ownership may be difficult and hence easily forgotten.

Quality of life

This explains about the values that must be retained in the knowledge-based society.

Accountability and control

This questions about who will be held accountable and liable for the harms caused on individuals and the organization, the information therein as well as the rights of the property

Not sure if you can write a paper on Use of Technology for GE by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion If at all General Elects aspires to have a competitive edge in the market, it is important for the company to fully embrace information technology in all its operations. In addition, there is need for the organizations to ensure that its workforce fully comply with the established guidelines regarding the use of the internet.

Reference List Abbate, J. (1999). Inventing the Internet. Cambridge: MIT Press,

Castells, M. (1996). Rise of the Network Society. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers


Meaning of Emotions Essay best essay help

Table of Contents Meaning of emotion words

Facial Expression


Meaning of emotion words This research method was based on the meaning derived from words describing emotional experiences people experienced. These emotionally descriptive words target specific emotional feelings. Different emotional words convey distinctly different emotional feelings from a specific audience and situation.

A word like love for example could convey a unique sense of belonging and satisfaction. The research approach led to the invention of specific words for specific situations. According to this method, a specific word could convey subjective feelings that led to the creation of categories of emotions. Analytically, semantics was the basis of five categories of emotions. The meaning of words approach was characterized by the basic elements of happiness, sadness, anger, fear, and disgust.

Based on the meaning of words approach, a survey conducted on people received diverse responses on their perception and categorization of emotion in their own minds. The survey involved administering several cards on people to fill in emotional words and the cards sorted were sorted into various categories based on one’s best judgment.

According to Tomkins (1981, 87) the results indicated a degree of agreement on the positive and negative emotions. Words like contentment and desire could be placed in the positive category while words like fury and worry could be placed on the negative side of the category. Further research and statistical analysis concluded with six categories as the most appropriate classification for the meaning of words research approach (Tomkins 1981, 100).

The method consists of six categories with sub-categories that led to a universal classification of words for the meaning of words research method. The meaning of words theory

Facial Expression This research method was based on the fact that facial expressions corresponded to specific emotions. Emotional expressions were internal and in every human being. An individual is able to differentiate between pleasant and those emotions that were unpleasant. Despite all these, the face could not provide information that could be graded on a scale of the intensity of emotions.

In addition to that, cultural and biological factors were significant factors in determining facial expressions. Thus, when a facial expression was not experienced, there was thought to be no underlying emotional feelings (Steiner 1973, 5).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Research findings based on this method revealed the relationship between facial expressions and the intensity of an emotion. Higher or intense emotional feelings caused intense facial expressions and vice versa. Illustrated in the theory were emotional feelings such as that of happiness and sadness on specific categories.

Steiner (1973) argues that this method identified human beings as being unique in exhibiting facial expressions and their ability to express their emotional feelings such as laughs, coughs, etc. Human beings, according to this research method had a significant ability to signal self-conscious emotions such as embarrassments.

According to the reach method, human beings have the ability to evaluate the feelings and attitudes of others towards them about their feelings and thus regulate their actions. A human being could evaluate expressions like a weak smile, a tilt of the head, and pride with corresponding emotional effects to regulate their actions.

This theory also employed the fact of measuring muscular movements of the face, patterns of movement, temporary movement of the skin, changes in skin features and size of a facial expression, and other movements.

References Steiner, J. E. (1973). The gustofacial response: Observation on normal and anencephalic newborn infants. In J. F. Bosma (Ed.), Fourth symposium an oral and per sensation ception. Bethesda, Md.: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

Tomkins, S. S. (1981). The role of facial response in the experience of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 35-1-357.


Conception of Lifelong Learning in Society Essay essay help: essay help

Introduction Lifelong learning may be advocated as a response to economic and technological change in relation to education workplace and the notions of advanced liberalism and a teacher as an accountable professional in an education ‘market place’, it is necessary to define a number of key terms in the essay which have relation to lifelong learning.

This essay will also encompass a social-cultural aspect by means of expanding and identifying the differences between neo-liberalism and advanced liberalism. Lifelong learning has been also advocated through the economical and technological changes that also happen in relation to advanced liberalism and the existed Australian schooling system.

The ways in which diversity, equity and inclusivity are promoted and distinguished will be also evaluated in order to explain the process of facilitation consultative, collaborative, and critical relationships across diverse learning environments, communities and cultures. The discourse and development that is determined by the devolution and understanding of advanced liberalisms in relation to lifelong learning and the teacher as an accountable professional in an educational market place will be discussed as well.

Lifelong Learning Concept: Key Terms Lifelong education presupposes an idea of constant knowledge exchange due to which people store information and help their generations to make use of the already made achievements properly. This process may be one of the most successful examples of devolution that is defined by Whitty (1998) as a successful passing down through a number of stages.

The first introduction to lifelong learning can be seen through the works of John Dewey who promoted a curriculum focused on lifelong learning. In such learning children are to be prepared for success through personal, intellectual, and social development (Westbrook, 1991). This concept was introduced by the UNESCO in the early 1970s as a means of equalizing earning and responding with the social demands greater opportunities (“Extending learning opportunities: adult education and lifelong learning,” 2001, p. 31).

Crick and Wilson (2005) state continuous learning takes place during one’s lifespan including formal and informal education and self-directed learning. Such knowledge is essential within the liberal doctrine, in which a new relation can be witnessed between the government and knowledge, in which learning is only a part of such knowledge flowing around a diversity of apparatuses (Miller


Whether or Not to Uphold Business Ethics Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Carroll’s Pyramid Model of CSR

Using Carroll’s model to explain my position on the topic

Backing up my position using Carroll’s 4stages of CSR


List of References

Introduction Perhaps everyone agrees that businesses perform several possible activities, when striving to achieve their primary aim of making profits. However, the point of contention comes in; on the way the activities are handled and executed. The controversy often regards the question of whether to uphold the law, or adhere to the business ethics. Some argue that, only the law should be upheld; whereas, others advocate for both the law and ethics.

Carroll’s Pyramid Model of CSR Carroll, a prominent professor, tremendously represented his ideologies using a conceptual model. The professor of business ethics used three-dimensional concepts, to present his thoughts about the roles of an organization (Carroll, 2004, 114). He began by defining the social roles of an organization; followed by noting the social concerns associated with the social tasks; then finally noted the motivation of organizations that respond to social roles.

In his model, Carroll proceeded to list the four primary responsibilities of an organization. Economic responsibility was the first role of a company described by Carroll. He explicated that; a company must fulfill its economical obligations of making profits (Huniche,


Importance of dreams in the Epic of Gilgamesh Essay best essay help

In the Gilgamesh story, dreams have been given great prominence especially since they play a critical part in explaining the unfolding of events. The two main characters Gilgamesh and Enkidu constantly dream about things and events which contribute positively to their lives as well as help give meaning to the story. In the period of the story, the Mesopotamians held the common belief that dreams were a method of communication between human beings and their ancestors.

In the dream where a meteor dropped from the sky, Gilgamesh’s mother, Ninsun, interpreted it as a sign of the arrival of a powerful person who would seek to challenge Gilgamesh’s authority (Shin-eqi-Unninni 15). She also said that after Gilgamesh fails to take down the assailant an interpretation arrived at from Gilgamesh’s revelation that he “ tried to lift it but it proved too heavy.

All the people of Uruk came round to see it” (Shin-eqi-Unninni 15). Ninsun also claimd that they (Gilgamesh and the stranger) would combine forces to become a formidable team which would live up to their greatness. This interpretation came to pass when he (Gilgamesh) meets with Enkidu in the duel at the wedding banquet.

As it happens, the two struggle with each other before they eventually agree to become friends. The importance of the dream in this instance was to prepare Gilgamesh for the event. As far as the development of the plot is concerned, this dream and its subsequent interpretation, help create a sense of anticipation. The reader finds him/herself pushing through the story hoping to find out whether the dream came to be true or not.

Enkidu dreams about his own death in a vision that depicts him infront of a council of gods. In the dream, Enkidu believes that Shamhat is the one responsible for his weakened state but later, at the intervention of Shamash, he is able to see things in a broader perspective and blesses the woman (Shin-eqi-Unninni 26-27).

In line with the dream, Enkidu falls sick for twelve days and eventually passes on, urging Gilgamesh not to forget him. By the time this dream appears in the story, the reader is already aware that it is bound to come true, but one reads on hoping that Enkidu would somehow find a loophole that would take him away from the fate predicted by the dream.

The prophetic dreams that both Gilgamesh and Enkidu have are used to show the weaknesses of man in front of destiny. This is because, even as powerful as the two individuals are, they cannot change tragic events that lay in their life paths. These dreams become some sort of satire as the two individuals have the strength to handle most of life’s unexpected challenges but they cannot summon enough authority to handle things that they are sure are coming.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Enkidu tries to find a scapegoat by blaming the lady Shamhat for his own shortcomings in his pre-death premonition (Shin-eqi-Unninni 27). His disappointment at dying a weak man’s death is evident from the story and one would be tempted to blame him for not responding to earlier challenges adequately.

Dreams have been used repeatedly in the epic story with an aim of emphasizing the Mesopotamian cultural and religious beliefs. It is less likely that the dreams would have had great significance to individuals from different cultural backgrounds and the reader is also left wondering whether the events in the story would have come out the same way had the interpreters given different explanations. This means that the dreams could also have been used to create some form of rhetorical questioning in the minds of the readers.

Works Cited Shin-eqi-Unninni. “Gilgamesh”. The Norton Anthology of World Literature, Vol A: Beginnings to A.D. 100. Eds. Sarah Lawall et al. New York: W.W. Norton


How the Information and System Assurance Theory and Methodology Impacted an Actual Company in the Last 10 Years Report (Assessment) essay help: essay help

Abstract Any business entity requires proper management to avoid situations that would lead to its imminent collapse and eventually, loss of investment. For this reason, business owners should be very cautious when decided on the auditing firms to examine their books of accounts.

A lot of business enterprises have collapsed due to poor management, inexperienced leaders, or because of incompetent auditors. In this case, when auditors malfunction while carrying out their duties, this greatly affects the operations of an enterprise. For this reason, there is need to ensure that auditors execute their duties efficiently to avoid compromising the operation of an enterprise.

Introduction Auditing is a critical activity in the operations of a business entity. In the past, poor performance by auditors has led to the collapse of many businesses. Auditors are charged with the responsibility of undertaking the auditing activities of a company.

According to Apostolon and Crumbley (2008, para. 1), audit is an independent examination of the accounts of the enterprise by an independent auditor. For an auditor to successfully undertake their duties, he or she needs to be familiar with the internal control systems of an enterprise. The auditor should ensure that the internal control systems are strong enough to guarantee fair running of the business.

These controls should avoid overriding of such a system to earn a favor. Internal control failures have led to the collapse of many businesses. In this case, Shearman and Sterling (2009, p.2) highlights the case of a company that was penalized as a result of deficits in the internal control systems in one of its subsidiary called ACL Technologies. According to the partnership, the internal control failures included the following:

Inadequate financial controls

The internal control systems at the firm in question were so poor such that executives were allowed to make large payments to agents without proper authorization. It is important to note that internal controls should not give executives exceptional rights to deal with the resources of an enterprise at their own wish. There should be a maximum amount of resources that the executives should be allowed to exercise. Any amount beyond the stated maximum should be authorized by the right authority.

Inadequate documentation

The services which were allegedly provided by the agent were not properly documented. The internal control systems with respect to recording and documentation were weak. This led to non documentation of the services which the agent purported to have rendered to the subsidiary. This created a leeway for defrauding the company by inflating the cash payable to the agent.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lack of due diligence

The agent failed to observe his work carefully. He engaged himself in careless dealings which led to the organization operating at a loss. On the other hand, the organization failed to establish adequate internal control systems that would have overseen the activities of the agent. If the subsidiary had established a strong internal control system, then the company would have learnt of the danger earlier.

Lack of audit rights

There was lack of audit rights on the contract with the agent. The subsidiary engaged in contracts with the agent without audit rights. In 1996, the ACL Technologies, Inc, a firm based in California, sought to secure a contract to construct Egyptian Air Force’s aircrafts. In 1999, The Egyptian Air Force (EAF) was sought for a sole source contract from the United States Air Force (USAF).

This would have helped to secure the contract to build the F-depot to ACL Technologies. Afterwards, the United States Air Force awarded the contract to the ACL. In the years that followed, the ACL sought and secured another contract. Between the years 1999 and 2004, the contracts that ACL had secured generated U.S dollars 64 million in revenue and U.S dollars 8.6 million in net profit for ACL.

The allegations by the Security and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) focuses on the payments related to a specific contract. The ACL managed to secure the contract in April, 2002. The Egyptian military employees would then train with the ACL to effectively start their operations on the F-16 depot. According to statistics, the contract generated revenue amounting to U.S $5.3 million and a net profit of U.S $267,000.

The Security and Exchange Commission detailed a series of communications between the Egyptian Air Force Agent and Thomas Wurzel, the then president of ACL. According to the case, communications started back in 2001. The case outlines efforts made to raise funds. These funds were to be used to motivate, secure team loyalty and the business, and satisfy people. In addition, SEC detailed a number of ways that ACL used to cover payments within invoices.

In the year 2009, the SEC announced the filing of settled enforcement action against Wurzel who neither admitted nor denied allegations against him. Wurzel agreed to comply with the orders issued by the SEC, keeping him away from any future violations. He was forced to pay a fine amounting to US $ 35,000. This was termed as a civil penalty. The UIC neither admitted, nor denied these allegations. The Commission ordered the UIC body to keep away from any future violations (Beasley, 2010, para. 4).

According to Apostolon and Crumbles (2008, p.1-2), all companies trading their shares in the capital markets should prepare and present true and fair financial statements. Consequently, the auditors should evaluate these statements along with their corresponding accounts to evaluate whether they represent the true position of the enterprise at the year end.

We will write a custom Assessment on How the Information and System Assurance Theory and Methodology Impacted an Actual Company in the Last 10 Years specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the policies that govern SEC dictates that any corporation that has its shares publicly traded must go through an independent assessment which is conducted by competent audit professionals. The process would involve the inspection of all financial records and other related details. This is aimed at establishing the company’s cash flow which automatically depicts the financial position of the organization.

The GAAOP CPA Journal forms the basis of the operation (2008, para.1). At the end of the inspection, the auditor must comment on the outcomes of the examination. The auditor has the mandate of organizing and conducting the audit work in such a way that the end results reveals whether there are any misrepresentations of financial statements due to fraud or errors.

In addition, Au section 110 (2010, p.6-10) states that the independent auditor also has a responsibility that covers the profession. The American Institute of Certified Public Accounts has rules and standards that stipulate the code of professional ethics. According to AICPA, an auditor must conform to the standards that govern his fellow practitioners.

It is important for auditors and the management to prevent and detect cases of fraud when they arise in the organization. Fraud is a deliberate misrepresentation that causes another person, organization or a group of persons to suffer damages (Pollick, 2010, para. 1), usually monetary losses. The high level of fraud has made many investors to suffer huge losses. The high level of fraud has remained persistent due to the complexity of detecting fraud using the current available technologies.

To avoid such losses, the auditor should include in his report disclaimers warning the investors that the accounts are not prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. Therefore, when the auditor is expressing his/her opinions, he/she should bear take into account the plight of the users of the audited financial statements to avoid instances of a legal suit.

Conclusion-Internal control failures In conclusion, UIC lacked meaningful controls to prevent or detect the ACL president’s authorization of unwarranted payments to the agent. To support the conclusion, the Security and Exchange Commission highlighted a series of UIC’s internal control failures which included:

Front end accounting controls

Back end accounting controls

Due diligence on agents and

Contractual rights.

With regard to the front-end accounting controls, no single person is allowed to authorize transactions or payments without sufficient internal transparency. This is made possible through separation of duties. In this case, SEC alleged that the CIU had permitted the president, Wurzel, to allow huge payments to the EAF Agent without substantiated documents.

In addition, the Security and Exchange Commission was aware of one occasion in which a UIC official did review a payment. There was an unusual US $ 100,000 advance to the Egyptian Air Force Agent. The SEC had also realized that one of the UIC employees approved the payment without inquiring into the purpose or a justification for the payment.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How the Information and System Assurance Theory and Methodology Impacted an Actual Company in the Last 10 Years by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Secondly, there was back end accounting controls. According to Shearman and Sterling (2008, p.2), the Accounting 101 requires that all payments should be supported by proper documents. The substantiated documents should prove that payments are for certifiable goods or services. According to SEC, the ACL is supposed to pay the EAF agent up to U.S. $ 564,000.

This is the estimated amount of money charged for marketing and consulting services. The amounts paid in respect to the services rendered hardly had no meaningful records documenting the services that the Egyptian Air Force Agent had allegedly provided to the CIU.

Moreover, it was clear that the ACL Company had been making transactions with the EAF Agent for up to six months yet there were no written records. Thirdly, there was lack of due diligence on the part of the agents. According to the accounting compliance (Compliance 101), companies are very much obliged to conduct the elements of due diligence to foreign consultants and to agents as well.

With regard to the case study in question, the SEC reveals that there was a UIC’s policy which stipulated that all people who wished to be foreign agents surrender their outstanding diligence forms. In the case of the Egyptian Air Force Agent, ACL first began paying the Egyptian Air Force Agent in the year 1997 without having executed a contract. In March 1998, the Egyptian Air Force agent implemented the contract. However, the agent overlooked any due diligence.

In addition, the CIU Company obtained in the year 1999 a corporate legal approval of the contact. Even then, the CIU did not submit any evidence of having conducted due diligence beforehand. Those who needed the diligence forms in 1992 did not go through an independent judgment because ACL forwarded the forms that the EAF agent had filled. In conclusion, there was an internal control deficit on contractual rights.

The Accounting Compliance 101 dictates that after companies are engaged, it’s upon the companies to examine and supervise what the agents carry out. SAC agents become part of the company. Agency contracts should conduct maximum monitoring as expected. Although the UIC realizes about the case early enough, there was need for the agency contracts to include warranties and certification apart from just the standardized FCPA representations.

The auditors and accounts would also be allowed to access consultant’s books and records. On the other hand, SEC realized that the UIC’S corporate legal agreement would result into various contracts at the start of 1999. This would be permitted by the EAF Agent. However, they avoided to include the FCPA representations and the audit rights until in 2003.

Recommendation-Brainstorming sessions and fraud related inquiries Auditing is a complicated task and if proper care is not taken, many investors will continue to suffer. To avoid this, auditors are required to familiarize themselves with the current treads in audit practice. They should be up to date with the technology prevailing in the market to be in a position to deal with the current situations.

The AU (2010 sec.316 .para.14–17) explores how a well organized and effective audit team should conduct an audit work. One of the key issues in the AU section 316.14 article is the importance of having an audit plan. This goes hand in hand with making a reasonable examination of the probability of misstatements that may arise from fraud. It is important to ensure that team members exchanged ideas.

In other words, there is need for members of the auditing team to take part in brainstorming sessions regarding financial statements that are suspected to have been implicated with fraud. Also, the team should be at a fore front to consider how the management can engage in concealing the fraudulent financial reporting. Therefore, the discussion should be aimed at keeping the audit team awake and aware of how the fraud can be perpetrated and also concealed.

In addition, the importance of audit team members that have a questioning mind is clearly stressed out. The auditors should be aware of the reasons that encourage management to commit fraud. Also, the kind of the fraud to be perpetrated should be revolving in the minds of the auditors.

Further, an audit team needs to be hardworking and keen to details so as to obtain effective and appropriate evidences that would back up their judgments. The key members of the involved audit team must actively contribute in making decisions. This may be seen when the member is involved in brainstorming sessions and while evaluating the contract documents in efforts to check against fraud and misstatements.

The AU section 316.17 contains rules that affect the level of discussions that an audit team holds. It also controls how the discussion is carried out. In cases where more than one location is involved, the section suggests that team members hold various discussions in different locations for effectiveness. A case of this nature may involve a company and its subsidiary.

For an effective audit, it is advisable to be familiar with the planning steps which are very critical for an effective audit. There have been incidents like failure in observing the set standards. For instance, in the case where the PCAOB inspectors identified inspections that were carried out by an audit team who would not demonstrate the brainstorming session.

In the second instance, the PCAOB evaluators came across audits in which the audit teams did the brainstorming session after fieldwork had taken place. In the third case, the auditors identified audits that revealed that some key members were absent during the brainstorming session. Therefore, auditors and the management need to resume their respective duties of preventing and detecting errors once they arise.

Reference List Au section 110, (2010). Responsibility and functions of independent auditor. Web.

Apostolon, N.,


Prenatal and Post Natal Motherhood Report custom essay help

Table of Contents The Report

Statistical Methods

The Process and Significance Tests


The Report The report was based on the study of the impact of depression screening on prenatal and post natal motherhood and effects of early interventions. A rigorous selection criterion was applied in collecting relevant data for analysis to answer key question (KQ) on the impact of early interventions.

The study was assessed against predetermined benchmarks to ensure good quality and reliable results. To attain high quality data, data validation and verification techniques were used in the research. The target population was fairly treated with adequate representation with sensitivity analysis appropriate performance ratings on the test sample.

Statistical Methods The statistical procedures mentioned in the study included data collection techniques, sampling methods, the null and alternative hypotheses, probability distributions, the level and type of test done, and the rejection criteria on the significance of prenatal and post natal interventions (Crawshaw


Employee retention connection model Report essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Literature review

Employee retention connection model

Integrated retention System

Critical appraisal


Reference List

Introduction In the recent past, tremendous changes in the business environment have occasioned employee mobility in an unprecedented manner. This can be attributed to a number of factors. For example, economic globalization has availed limitless and very attractive opportunities for employees with the intention of optimizing their career goals and objectives within the shortest time possible.

In view of the danger of losing their most prized asset (human resource), employers have devised strategies geared towards motivating and encouraging employees to retain their current jobs in the organization. This report provides a literature review on employee retention. In order to achieve this goal, the research paper considers conceptual models and systems under utilization by companies and organizations.

Literature review Considering the massive losses experienced by organizations, Fitz-ens (1997, p. 3) emphasizes the need for organizations to embrace strategies and models that would motivate employees. According to Howart (2010, p. 2), underpayment and strained relationship with the management team coupled with unclear responsibilities and poor working conditions have been cited as some of the factors that make employees to consider leaving their jobs.

To this end, an array of models has been put in practice by many organizations with mixed success rates. Using the Herzberg theory, Quaero Company embarked on improvement of its communication system and the development of flexible work schedules thereby resulting in retention of its talented and experienced employees in the face of increasing competition in the industry (Mitchelman, 2003, para. 15).

Provision of fairness and proper climate, as stipulated in the equity theory, is imperative in ensuring that employees realize their optimal potential as a requirement particularly when applying the Maslow hierarchy concept in the United States (Kreitner


Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Presentation Aids in Group Presentations Research Paper essay help free: essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Types of Presentation Aids

General Advantages of Presentation Aids

General Disadvantages of Presentation Aids



Introduction Presentations are an integral part of communicating in a group setting. In making presentations, the use of presentation aids has been seen to contribute to the effectiveness of the presentation process. Owing to their great success in enhancing the presentation efforts, presentation aids have become so prevalent that sometimes they are seen to be synonymous to the very act of making a presentation.

It has been noted that sometimes, the overuse of presentation aids degenerates the quality of the presentations as the aids distract the audience from the speaker and his message. It is therefore important that great care is taken to ensure that the usefulness of presentation aids is exploited fully without having their adverse effects affecting the quality of the presentation.

As such, it is important to identify both the strengths and setbacks that are associated with the various presentation aids that are available. This paper shall set out to demonstrate that presentation aids have their inherent merits and demerits and that over relying on these aids may have a negative impact on the presentation. The paper shall begin by identifying the various presentation aids available and progress to give an in-depth look at the merits and demerits of using presentation aids.

Types of Presentation Aids Presentation aids are defined as “supplementary audio and/or visual materials that help an audience understand and remember the content of a discussion or presentation” (Engleberg


“Araby” by James Joyce Essay college essay help

The story is based on North Richmond Street. This Street is used metaphorically to give readers an overview about the writer’s world. The writer lives with his uncle in the city. The setting of the house in which he lives is an old building which was formally inhabited by a late priest .It is surrounded with newspaper litter. He complains that it was always cold to stay indoors and more often he would join other children outside and play till darkness fell.

Mangan’s sister would come out to call his brother and rays of light from inside the house would light their way. The writer claims that the girl had a good and admirable figure and that even his brother would tease her. Her brown figure had attracted him and he would stare at her as long as she was not watching.

According to the story, it was common for the writer’s aunt to go to the market on Saturday’s and every time he accompanied her. After repeatedly seeing the girl, the writer says that he felt love for her and always wanted to talk to her although it proved difficult for him.

The writer is talking about love and how it springs forth on someone’s heart. The description of the city shows that there was romance all over and even the cold in the city could not hold the love for her back. The writer effectively delivers love message by use of various styles. Firstly, the story is developed in a cold setting. This is drawn from the explanation, “…When the short days of winter came, dusk fell before we had well eaten our dinners.

When we met in the street the houses had grown somber.…..” (Joyce para. 3). He continues to say, “……….Her image accompanied me even in places most hostile to romance…….It was a dark rainy evening and there was no sound in the house. Through one of the broken panes I heard the rain impinge upon the earth, the fine incessant needles of water playing in the sodden beds…… Murmuring: ‘O love! O love!‘ many times” (Joyce para.5-6). This shows his love feelings were flared by the romantic setting in the house.

The writer puts it clear that the noises in the street made him think about his love girl, “…. noises converged in a single sensation of life for me: I imagined that I bore my chalice safely through a throng of foes”. The sky was violet, an indicator of love. According to the author, “the nasal chanting of street-singers, who sang a come-all-you about O’Donovan Rossa, or …..” proved love music upon the writer’s ears (Joyce para.5).

From the above excerpts, it is clear that the message was effectively delivered to the readers. In this story, the writer also engages the reader’s mind by letting them get love meaning in certain incidents. The story ends on a sad note showing that all the writer’s efforts to get his love bird were in vain.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Contrary to this, the writer ought to have had some success or a turning point if all his efforts failed. The writer was also successful in developing the story with suspension to make his readers continue reading to the very end. He keeps to himself the idea of whether he managed convincing or explains his feelings of love to the girl. This is an effective writing style that the writer fully utilizes.

Works Cited Joyce, James. Araby.2010. Web.


Role of modern art museum Essay essay help online: essay help online

Human beings rely so much on the past to solve future and the current life challenges. Thus this mere fact calls for efforts to make the past more meaningful and relevant in the current day to day activities undertaken by mankind.

This has led to acute need of establishing of modern art museums in our society because their collections are usually presented in a very artistic manner which initiates curiosity amongst the audience who come to visit such museums. Consequently the audience becomes aroused and inspired by the works of the museums.

Thus this enhances meaning attachment in the objects of the museums, thus making them relevant to the current generation unlike the other kinds of museums which are too conservative in their collections. The historical management of modern art museums involves the curators who are so rigid in their roles. In the modern art museums the curator shifts his or her duties to an artist and the audience acts in position of the curator.

This makes the curator understand the expectations of their own audience and thus making them to be in a position to make relevant modification in their collection in order to ensure that they are focusing on the needs of their clients. This will at long run ensure quality of visits rather than the quantity of visits in the museums and thus this encourage tourists to visit a particular museum several times.

This is not a common practice with majority of tourists because most of them usually plan to visit specific sites once in their life time. Unless that particular site is extra ordinary impressive to the tourists they cannot come again for a revisit (Hamma 1). In this case we are going to address the various roles played by the modern art museum amongst them being the educative, aesthetic and social roles amongst many others. Finally we will also look at the possible evolution of the modern art museum.

The first and most important role of the modern art museum it the aesthetic function which is commonly associated with beauty. Here the most important point of emphasis is the efforts made by the modern art museum to impress their audience. This is mainly done by ensuring that the collections of object and also their presentations in the modern art museum is quite attractive and relevant to the people who usually come to visit such museums.

The artistic work is usually made in a way that the visitors who may be either domestic or foreign tourists are in a position to have self enjoyment in the modern art museum. This vital objective of ensuring that the tourists get maximum enjoyment in such museums is also facilitated by huge investment in various recreational facilities such as development of restaurants which well equipped with various social amenities to suit the interests of both domestic and foreign tourists.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If all this facilities are in place the tourists will be encouraged to visit a given modern art museum several times which is not a common practice with most of tourists because tourists usually plan to visit a particular site of a museum not more than one time in their life span (Cobb 1).

In this case the modern art museum usually makes a lot of efforts in diversifying it resources meet the expectations of the visitors and this may also include the in need for having most attractive and unique paintings and also if possible getting the real artists who have performed such works so that they can demonstrate by real example to the tourist if so requested and this will do good to the tourists since they will have a real experience and they may want to come back along with their friends or family members.

Secondly, the other function played by modern art museum and which is of great impact on the academic world is the educative role which is effectively undertaken by modern art museum.

This has made most of modern art museums to carry the name of education centers since most of the local educational authorities have implemented policies in which the modern art museum have established links with various institutions of learning comprising with different groups of learners ranging from pre primary pupils to even college and university students (Richmond 1).

In these forums the teachers in different groups of learning levels can have official booking to take their pupils or students there for interactive learning and such modern art museum will ensure all object and facilities are organized in a way which triggers learning curiosity amongst the specified group of learners.

Here the visitors who are generally termed as tourists will have all the time to ask various questions to the responsible curator and in return receive the most relevant and accurate response accordingly and this will highly be of crucial importance to the learners since it will satisfy their curiosity aroused and enable them come to concrete formation of opinion about various issues either which they may have come across in class work or through general knowledge of life.

This will consequently lead to most relevant conclusions made by learners of various learning groups since these conclusions are derived from personal observations made by the learners and also real experiences of the situation by the learners.

We will write a custom Essay on Role of modern art museum specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Also in the modern art museums the learners can have the young tasks can also have the privilege of coming on one on one interaction with hero artists or their works and this can be of great inspiration to the young people who may wish to grow and be like or even become better than such artists.

Modern art museums also provides the most appropriate and convenient places for learners and most especially learner in higher levels of studies a chance to undertake their research work on various issues which their reference can only be found in such modern art museum.

Thus by the acts of teachers taking their learners to modern art museums they will be acting in accordance with the stipulations of constructivist theory which says that learning is a process which is very active and it demands that one should make meaning out of objects as they are brought to our thinking abilities by our senses.

And this means that the learners can comprehend to great magnitudes what they have experienced other than what only exists in theoretical world and this reduces the abstractness of various concepts and principles learned in class work.

This is very evident in most works of history and also art since their perfect conceptualization is highly correlated to visits made in the modern art museum since the resources in such museum provides firsthand experience to the learner which is very critical towards effective learning (Pfaelzar 1).

Also the experiences obtained from the works of modern art museums can also be incorporated by schools through the relevant authorities in the school curriculum in order to prepare learners to grasp the various opportunities and also prepare the pupils for adult life.

Thirdly, the other most important role played by the modern art museum is the social role. In this case the modern art museum acts as social institution whereby a lot of community undertakings are carried out which are quite relevant to the given society.

The modern art museum preserves the cultural heritages of particular community and thus all positive cultural values can be passed from one generation to the other by virtue of the existence of modern art museum otherwise such beautiful cultural values and practices will be eroded with time if not conserved in the modern art museum which does so in ways which are quite meaningful and relevant to the contemporary generation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Role of modern art museum by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Also the modern art museum can be used as a platform for creation of awareness to a given society about the different cultures in other societies thus making them informed and thus sensitive when presenting some objects which may be culturally sacred in other societies.

In the modern art museum the members of a given society can learn about the endangered species of flora and fauna and thus take the necessary measurements in order to preserve the endangered species for sustainable co-existence. The modern art museum can be used to initiate dialogue aimed at facilitating realization of a particular change.

For example modern art museum played a very critical role in addressing the issue of racism because they created platforms whereby people could talk freely about racism in United States of America and this went ahead and captured the attention of the media (Hamma 1). From the above we can say that the modern art museum acts as memory banks for all events and objects in the society which is of great utility to the members of a given social group.

The evolution of the modern art museum could have been as a result of the realization of acute need to preserve some endangered species of fauna or flora and most specifically the need to change the way other museums used to present their objects to their audience in order to be relevant and meaningful to the modern generation and also add the taste of beauty and entertainment in the museum and thus development of modern art museum.

The preservation of various artistic objects in a modern art museum will at least give an opportunity to the existing and also the generation to come to have an experience of seeing such species of fauna or flora.

The museums can also result from some historical sites or events or objects which needs to be preserved and also from some very rare objects which might be quite valuable such gold which is a very precious stone (Cobb 1). All these objects are installed in the most artistic way in modern art museums which also contains the paintings of most famous artists and thus the need to preserve them being quite enormous.

It is very clear from the above discussion that the modern art museum plays a very vital role in the lives of mankind. This is because people can always refer to their past in order to face the present and the future in the most meaningful and relevant manner. Also the modern art museums are a great source of recreation to humanity at large. Here we have talked about the roles of modern art museums which have included educative, social and aesthetic roles. We have also looked at the possible evolution of modern art museums.

Works Cited Cobb, Matthew. “Why evolution is true”. 2010. Web.

Hamma, Kenneth. “The role of museums in online teaching, learning, and research.” 2004. Web.

Pfaelzar, Morgan. “The role of the art museum”. 2010. Web.

Richmond, Philips. “How you can get evolution back into zoos and museums.” 2008. Web.


The Fortune 100-Best companies list and its significance to our employment agency Report essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Abstract


Importance of establishing a working relationship

Employment opportunities at Fortune 100-Best companies

Establishing an exclusive relationship

Reference List

Abstract At present, placement agencies play a critical role in assisting those seeking for employment opportunities either for the first time or for those who want to advance their career. The Fortune 100 Best Companies to Work For list came out at the beginning of the year. It is important for our placement firm to establish a good working relationship with these companies so that we can succeed in business. Most of these companies have announced several positions that need to be filled in the near future. These companies are particularly good places where the graduates from Saint Leo University can seek for employment opportunities.

More so, our employment agency can greatly benefit if it can establish an exclusive relationship with some of them, such as SAS, Edward Jones, and Google. This is because these companies have maintained an organizational culture that ensures that the employees are satisfied at their place of work. In these companies, employees are treated with all the respect they deserve without humiliating them unnecessarily.

Introduction Currently, employment agencies play a crucial role in assisting those seeking for employment opportunities for the first time or those who want to advance their career. Employment or placement agencies are corporations that find jobs for individuals or individuals for jobs by providing an orientation of finding the jobs and creating a pool of screened candidates.

They achieve this through constant advertising and referrals from satisfied candidates and potential employers. In most cases, the person looking for employment pays the placement fees.

However, in other instances, the employer caters for the expenses based on the acceptance of the job seeker. The employment agencies serve various clients, ranging from first-time job seekers to those in the executive level. Generally, the agencies would screen out for the best candidates to fill the vacant positions, whereas the employer makes the final decision on which candidates to recruit.

The FORTUNE 100 Best Companies to Work For List came out this year in mid-January. It is interesting that most of these companies have numerous job openings and are looking forward to hire more employees soon. Nearly all firms strive to be named in the FORTUNE 100 Best Companies to Work For list.

This is because when they have job openings, they receive twice as many applications as firms that are not found on the list. In addition, they enjoy remarkable employee turnover levels which are less than half those of their main competitors in the market. In short, satisfied employees fuel corporate profits as individuals love to work in places where they are treated well.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In a study, researchers compared the organizational performance of Fortune’s 100-Best list with two sets of other corporations, a matched group and the broad market of publicly traded firms over a six-year period (Cascio


Employment Relations Issues: Discrimination in New Zealand’s Work Place Research Paper argumentative essay help

Introduction Over the past few centuries, the human civilization has advanced tremendously giving rise to significant social and economic changes. This has resulted most notably in the creation of a large group of working class members of the society and their employers.

It is this class that has been primarily responsible for the creation of immense wealth and therefore the growth of the nations. In the earlier years of industrialization, work conditions were appalling with low wages and discriminatory practices being rampant leading to poor work relations.

However, this has changed with recent times and in the European region, employers have embraced good practices that among other things are aimed at combating race and ethnic discrimination. In addition to this most countries, New Zealand included, have endorsed the Equal Employment Opportunities (EEOs) which are policies that are intended to “eliminate workplace discrimination on the basis of age, colour, disability, race, religion or sex” (The National Equal Opportunities Network, 2010).

In spite of these efforts, there are still incidents of discrimination in the New Zealand workplace which continue to undermine EEO policies and in some cases result in decreased productivity among workers. This paper shall set out to investigate the various types of discriminatory practices that continue to deter favourable employment relationships in the New Zealand employment field.

This paper will begin by presenting a review of literature on the topic of employee discrimination and various government legislations that have been introduced to combat it. The paper will then delve into a detailed discussing of significant discrimination practices in New Zealand and highlight how they have negatively impacted on New Zealand’s labour industry.

A Review of Literature The United Nations convections define discrimination as “any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin” (UNHCHR, 2010). In the work environment, discrimination results in an individual worker or a group of workers being singled out for their race, color, creed or age and treated unfairly. This may negatively impact on their work performance. Discrimination may be categorized as direct and indirect discrimination.

Direct Discrimination is the more obvious form of this practice and it occurs when a person is explicitly treated less favourably than another person has or would be treated in a similar situation (Craig, 2006, p.30). Indirect discrimination is the less visible form of this ill and it is defined as occurring where “an apparently neutral provision, criterion or practice would put persons characterized by a protected ground at a particular disadvantage compared with other persons” (Craig, 2006, p.30).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The most common form of indirect discrimination is that of language requirements that are imposed by governments and private employers leading to unfair restrictions on some people.

While such requirements may be necessary in some industries, Willmore (2001) notes that these requirements sometimes serve as discriminatory measures against certain ethnic groups for example when a particular job does not require fluency in any language. Laws that demand that employees work on a given day of the week may also discriminate against groups whose religion dictates that they set aside particular days for worship.

Discrimination of any kind (be it direct or indirect) is seen as an infringement on the basic human rights and fundamental freedoms afforded to all human beings and governments all over the world have undertaken measures to stop this practice by being signatories to UN conventions that decry these practices (UNHCHR, 2010). The government of New Zealand has through the years come up with various policies and Acts to ensure that workers are protected from various forms of discrimination or unfair treatment.

One of the legislatures by New Zealand is The Equal Pay Act 1972 which ensures that persons of similar qualifications employed in similar circumstances of work shall be afforded the same terms of employment, conditions of work and fringe benefits regardless of their sex (New Zealand Legislation, 2008).

With this legislation, New Zealand addressed the issue of unequal pay which had been predominant with women being paid less than their male counterparts for the same kind of work. With the enactment of this policy in New Zealand, both sexes were guaranteed similar pay therefore bringing about legally enforceable equality.

Labour market conditions have since then continued to be generally favourable for female workers leading to an increase in women’s presence in the labour market. A study by Dixon (2000) demonstrates that the differences between male and female employees in average levels of educational attainment reduced over the 1980s and 1990s and the gender gap in earnings narrowed substantially especially among the low income earners.

Another significant act that ensured the rights of employees were respected was the Employment Contracts Act of 1991 which brought about significant changes in New Zealand’s industrial relations structure by stipulating a set of minimum rights which had to be encapsulated in any individual’s contract (International Labour Office, 2004).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Employment Relations Issues: Discrimination in New Zealand’s Work Place specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In cases were an employee wished to take the court to settle some grievances, the Employment Contracts Act 1991 ensured that legal aid was provided by the government. However, this Act led to an increase in the amount of individual litigations against employers therefore leading to the need to amend the law. Amends were in the form of the Employment Relations Act 2000 which sought to reduce the excessive legalism that the Employment Contracts Act of 1991 had caused (ILO, 2004).

The Employment Relations Act 2000 laid greater emphasis on legal action instead favouring mediation as the first stem in dispute resolution therefore leading to a decrease in legal aid availability to employees. The common underpinning of these legislations was to obligate both the employer and the employee to deal with each other in good faith. This is from the basic understanding that a productive relationship can only arise when both parties feel that they are being treated in a just and fair manner.

In addition to these laws, there was a realization in New Zealand that work life had an impact on the social and family life of the worker. Adema and Whiteford (2007) assert that New Zealand has some of the longest working hours in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries.

Due to research which indicated that work life can have a negative impact on the quality of family life for the workers; New Zealand enacted the Employment Relations Amendment Act 2007 (Department of Labour, 2008). This was in a bid to improve the work experience of employees by ensuring that they had a genuine choice about the way they worked therefore leading to higher productivity in the work place.

To record the progress of such policies, the New Zealand department of labour undertakes regular surveys to underscore the significance of such programs. The 2008 survey found that 50% of businesses advised their employees on the different flexible work options available to them therefore leading to a more conducive work environment for the workers (Department of Labour, 2008).

Discrimination in the New Zealand Work Place Although there have been a rapid improvement in employment relationships as a result of various legislations in New Zealand, there are still issues which hamper these relationships therefore leading to dissatisfaction and hence lower productivity. While most forms of discrimination in New Zealand have over time been all but wiped out there has been a reemergence of some forms of discrimination in the workplace.

McGregor and Gray (2002) suggest that certain socio-economic factors can be held to blame for the greater prevalence of some of these discriminations since in current times, unemployment rates are rising in the country as a result of harsh economic realities. However, discrimination is counterproductive and a violation of human rights which New Zealand is committed to uphold. Some of the prevalent discrimination grounds in New Zealand’s work place are as follows.

Discrimination on the Basis of Age

Discrimination against older people in the workplace is not a new phenomenon in New Zealand and as early as the early 1990s, the government saw need to put measures to contain its prevalence (McGregor and Gray, 2002). The Human rights Act 1993 in particular made a special provision which prohibited discrimination on the basis of age by abolishing the compulsory retirement on the grounds of age and raising the traditional “exit” age from work to 65 which was 5 years greater than the previous limit.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Employment Relations Issues: Discrimination in New Zealand’s Work Place by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More McGregor and Gray (2002) note that persistent stereotypes are hugely responsible for this discrimination which arises from social prejudices against older people in general. A study by McGregor


China’s Investment Environment Report custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Brief overview of China’s investment climate

Analysis of China’s investment climate



Introduction Over the past century, the human race has dedicated a vast proportion of the available resources to the efforts of self-actualization in terms of development politically, socially, economically and technologically. To provide a means for measuring the progress made, means have been developed through which progress in these sectors can be analyzed and monitored all the while checking on the possible ramifications that can arise from any selected course of action.

This paper shall focus on the environmental aspect of economic development. It shall dwell on the various factors used to monitor and analyze economy growth in various economies. Much of the discussion shall concentrate on Chinas investment climate to evaluate whether it offers a feasible ground for foreign investments.

However, it is a known fact that FDI’s have resulted in positive results as is illustrated by Jiang (2005) who asserts that the social welfare of the host country is much improved. This is mostly because of the technological transfer that the local suppliers gain is adopted which in turn improves productivity and quality all the while increasing the GDP of the host country and their ability to compete in the global scene.

Brief overview of China’s investment climate According to the World Bank (2002), the Chinese economic progress over the years has been remarkable with the country experiencing increased manufacturing and service industry potentials. This has been because of rapid technological advancement brought in by FDI’s, and the increase use of labor-intensive techniques of production.

Analysis of China’s investment climate Investment climate as defined by Eng (2005) refers to the quality and quantity of investment flowing into a given area. It depends on the expected returns that an investor hopes to get and the uncertainties that surround these returns. To ensure that an investment yield the expected results, a cost benefit analysis (CBA) and a SWOT analysis may come in handy. To effectively carryout these analyses, there are components that need to be assessed as pertaining to the economic environment of the host nation (Eng, 2005).

First, an investor has to evaluate the macro/ country level aspects that may affect the economic well being of the nation as regarding to foreign investments. These include level of political stability, national policies on trade and foreign investment, entry and exit barriers, labor market flexibility and the availability of financial services (Liaw, 2007). These factors determine the efficacy of the regulatory framework that the host nation has adopted in regards to foreign investments and at the same time act as incentives to potential investors.

Secondly and no less important is the physical and financial infrastructure that a host nation has to offer. These include but are not limited to, roads, power, adequate communication networks, banking and finance, mobility and availability of skilled personnel and the endowment of technological skills (Hsu


Comparison between the serpent in the Old Testament and the one in Gilgamesh Essay online essay help

From the Old Testament book of Genesis, the serpent is a representation of the devil. God had strictly warned Adam and Eve not to eat from a particular tree in the Garden of Eden but Satan, in his crafty ways, managed to convince them to partake of its fruit promising it would give them unending wisdom. When God finds out what the two have done, He declares that from then henceforth human beings shall grow old and die while the snake would be subjected to physical violence from humans.

In the epic of Gilgamesh, the quest for eternal life by the lead character takes him to the particular flower that could accord him this wish (Shin-eqi-unninni 30-35). The serpent however causes him to let go of it. The serpent is responsible for Gilgamesh not getting everlasting life in the same way that the serpent in the Bible led Adam and Eve to lose a chance at eternal life.

In both stories, the serpent uses well thought out trickery to accomplish his mission. In the Bible story, the snake isolates Eve and then gets her to believe that God had a hidden motive not to let them eat the fruit from the particular tree. The temptation to go against God’s commands proves too strong and finally Eve gives in and finding out the goodness of the fruit manages to convince Adam to have a taste as well.

In the Gilgamesh story, the serpent tracks Gilgamesh’s movements all the way to the flower of immortality wish (Shin-eqi-unninni 30-31). While Gilgamesh stops to rest and have a bath, the serpent snatches the flower of eternal life from him consequently taking away immortality from mankind.

In the Bible creation story, he serpent chooses Eve’s time of weakness (when Adam is not present) to corrupt her brain with physical desires. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the serpent strikes at him (Gilgamesh) in his time of weakness- that is, whilst he is taking a bath. This similarly illustrates that the serpent knows that he is no match for the human when he (the human) is well aware of its strength and therefore preys on him during his weakest.

In both the Gilgamesh and the Old Testament story, the serpent is used as a representation of Satan. The crafty ways that Satan uses to get people to do things his way, is well manifested in the way that the serpent carries itself.

In both myths as well, the serpent has been given some human characteristics, in the sense that it can communicate to its victims by speech. Though in reality it is impossible for a snake to talk or even have such desires as eternal life, the humanization from both stories of this particular reptile is strikingly similar.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main difference between the serpent incidents in the Bible story and the Epic of Gilgamesh is the fact that in the latter, the serpent snatched eternal life for itself.

This is as opposed to the creation story whereby Adam and Eve already had been accorded eternal life by God and only lost it as a punishment for their disobedience. Secondly, the repercussions are not clear on the part of the serpent in the second story. To some extent he actually gets rewarded with eternal life as opposed to the Bible story where he is cursed to walk on his belly.

Works Cited Shin-eqi-unninni. “Gilgamesh”. The Norton Anthology of World Literature, Vol. A: Beginnings to A.D. 100, 2nd Edition. Ed. Sarah Lawall et al. New York: W.W. Norton


China’s Investment Environment Report college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Brief overview of China’s investment climate

Analysis of China’s investment climate



Introduction Over the past century, the human race has dedicated a vast proportion of the available resources to the efforts of self-actualization in terms of development politically, socially, economically and technologically. To provide a means for measuring the progress made, means have been developed through which progress in these sectors can be analyzed and monitored all the while checking on the possible ramifications that can arise from any selected course of action.

This paper shall focus on the environmental aspect of economic development. It shall dwell on the various factors used to monitor and analyze economy growth in various economies. Much of the discussion shall concentrate on Chinas investment climate to evaluate whether it offers a feasible ground for foreign investments.

However, it is a known fact that FDI’s have resulted in positive results as is illustrated by Jiang (2005) who asserts that the social welfare of the host country is much improved. This is mostly because of the technological transfer that the local suppliers gain is adopted which in turn improves productivity and quality all the while increasing the GDP of the host country and their ability to compete in the global scene.

Brief overview of China’s investment climate According to the World Bank (2002), the Chinese economic progress over the years has been remarkable with the country experiencing increased manufacturing and service industry potentials. This has been because of rapid technological advancement brought in by FDI’s, and the increase use of labor-intensive techniques of production.

Analysis of China’s investment climate Investment climate as defined by Eng (2005) refers to the quality and quantity of investment flowing into a given area. It depends on the expected returns that an investor hopes to get and the uncertainties that surround these returns. To ensure that an investment yield the expected results, a cost benefit analysis (CBA) and a SWOT analysis may come in handy. To effectively carryout these analyses, there are components that need to be assessed as pertaining to the economic environment of the host nation (Eng, 2005).

First, an investor has to evaluate the macro/ country level aspects that may affect the economic well being of the nation as regarding to foreign investments. These include level of political stability, national policies on trade and foreign investment, entry and exit barriers, labor market flexibility and the availability of financial services (Liaw, 2007). These factors determine the efficacy of the regulatory framework that the host nation has adopted in regards to foreign investments and at the same time act as incentives to potential investors.

Secondly and no less important is the physical and financial infrastructure that a host nation has to offer. These include but are not limited to, roads, power, adequate communication networks, banking and finance, mobility and availability of skilled personnel and the endowment of technological skills (Hsu


Comparison between the serpent in the Old Testament and the one in Gilgamesh Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

From the Old Testament book of Genesis, the serpent is a representation of the devil. God had strictly warned Adam and Eve not to eat from a particular tree in the Garden of Eden but Satan, in his crafty ways, managed to convince them to partake of its fruit promising it would give them unending wisdom. When God finds out what the two have done, He declares that from then henceforth human beings shall grow old and die while the snake would be subjected to physical violence from humans.

In the epic of Gilgamesh, the quest for eternal life by the lead character takes him to the particular flower that could accord him this wish (Shin-eqi-unninni 30-35). The serpent however causes him to let go of it. The serpent is responsible for Gilgamesh not getting everlasting life in the same way that the serpent in the Bible led Adam and Eve to lose a chance at eternal life.

In both stories, the serpent uses well thought out trickery to accomplish his mission. In the Bible story, the snake isolates Eve and then gets her to believe that God had a hidden motive not to let them eat the fruit from the particular tree. The temptation to go against God’s commands proves too strong and finally Eve gives in and finding out the goodness of the fruit manages to convince Adam to have a taste as well.

In the Gilgamesh story, the serpent tracks Gilgamesh’s movements all the way to the flower of immortality wish (Shin-eqi-unninni 30-31). While Gilgamesh stops to rest and have a bath, the serpent snatches the flower of eternal life from him consequently taking away immortality from mankind.

In the Bible creation story, he serpent chooses Eve’s time of weakness (when Adam is not present) to corrupt her brain with physical desires. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the serpent strikes at him (Gilgamesh) in his time of weakness- that is, whilst he is taking a bath. This similarly illustrates that the serpent knows that he is no match for the human when he (the human) is well aware of its strength and therefore preys on him during his weakest.

In both the Gilgamesh and the Old Testament story, the serpent is used as a representation of Satan. The crafty ways that Satan uses to get people to do things his way, is well manifested in the way that the serpent carries itself.

In both myths as well, the serpent has been given some human characteristics, in the sense that it can communicate to its victims by speech. Though in reality it is impossible for a snake to talk or even have such desires as eternal life, the humanization from both stories of this particular reptile is strikingly similar.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main difference between the serpent incidents in the Bible story and the Epic of Gilgamesh is the fact that in the latter, the serpent snatched eternal life for itself.

This is as opposed to the creation story whereby Adam and Eve already had been accorded eternal life by God and only lost it as a punishment for their disobedience. Secondly, the repercussions are not clear on the part of the serpent in the second story. To some extent he actually gets rewarded with eternal life as opposed to the Bible story where he is cursed to walk on his belly.

Works Cited Shin-eqi-unninni. “Gilgamesh”. The Norton Anthology of World Literature, Vol. A: Beginnings to A.D. 100, 2nd Edition. Ed. Sarah Lawall et al. New York: W.W. Norton


Business Report: Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Inc Report best essay help

Executive Summary Dell Company is an international enterprise dealing with computers and its accessories. It is based in Round Rock, USA and employs over 96,000 employees in its worldwide branches. The name Dell was derived from its founder Michael Dell.

Growth of Dell Company is attributed to mergers and acquisitions including the take over of Alienware in 2006 and Perot Systems in 2009. Some of the products manufactured and sold by dell include: Personal computers, servers, softwares among other IT products. Marketing of these products depends entirely on the description of the market segment.

Manufacturing criteria of Dell also considers proximity to its customers such that just-in-time approach is of essence. In 2004, Dell Company limited took up an initiative to recycle products which lead to its subsequent award for promoting responsibility on the part of the producer.

Notwithstanding, the technical support offered to customers, Dell company utilizes extensive marketing strategy with an aim of reaching many customers. Use of advertisement and dell kiosks has increased product penetration in the market. Dell kiosks were oriented to give personalized service to customers i.e. by way of shopping, or telephone services.

ASUSTeK Computer Inc. participates in manufacturing and sale of ICT equipment and software programs. Some of its major products comprise of: laptops, personal computers, broadband products, mobile phones and computer accessories. Its location is in Taiwan.

Introduction This paper presents a marketing report of two internationally based companies namely: Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Dell are based in Round Rock USA while ASUSTeK is located in Taiwan. The ASUS manufacture ICT equipments to be sold in international as well as local market whilst Dell assembles components. It is important to investigate whether the company’s management participates in strategic marketing and planning.

If so, then we shall explore the strategic Hierarchy of the business investment. Firms thrive under certain micro and macro environment. 2008 recession is one of the macro environments which affected negatively the productivity of both companies whilst the micro environment mainly captures marketing criteria used to outwit its competitors i.e. Apple. These environments will be investigated in-depth by this business report.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Inc have registered a substantial level of success from its business dealings due to maximization of efficient marketing strategies. The strategies which will be analyzed in the report comprise of: segmentation, target markets, positioning strategy, and ultimately SWOT analysis. Before concluding the paper, recommendation to the respective industries will be outlined.

Industry Background Nearly all sectors in an economy depend entirely on information communication technology. ICT industry is therefore the backbone of both manufacturing and service sectors. This industry has registered a fast pace of progress in terms of technology. In the past, desktop computers with low speed were utilized.

This is not true in the recent times since Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Inc have managed to supply in the market mini computers with high level of speed. Dell’s brands such as Vostro, OptiPlex have the features of reliability, long life, and serviceability (Koehn, 2001). ASUSTeK Computer Inc is also manufacturing pocket PCs, broad bands, and graphics cards with a target of meeting individualized needs of their customers. This is a clear indication that ICT industry is dynamic in nature.

Apple industry which is a major competitor released iPad tablet computer which was quickly embraced by the business world. Use of ipad in Japan had a great impact in the business world simply because of its resolutions and advanced features. Another factor contributing to the success of iPad is the use of stylish, supreme marketing and excellent branding of the products.

From this brief analysis, we can conclude that, ICT industry emphasizes on introducing sophisticated product into the market in order to capture the attention of the target group and out-beat competitors. It must always be the objective of the company to satisfy the needs of the customers by producing quality goods and services.

Company background In 1984, Michael Dell formed PCs limited to sell IBM PC-compatible computers from components of stock. These computers were sold directly to customers.

The aim of PCs limited was to understand the needs of the customers so as to be able to supply customers on a direct basis. Due to the success of the business, Michael dell dropped out of school to channel more energy on the new business. This was after he received a support of 300,000 Dollars from his immediate family. In 1985, Dell Company managed to market ‘Turbo PC’ on its own.

We will write a custom Report on Business Report: Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Inc specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This computer was sold for 95 US Dollars. At that time PCs limited utilized the national computer magazines as the advertisement channel. Orders placed by the customers were organized in such a manner that it fell on a selection criteria. In its first year of trading, the company recorded gross earnings of 73milion dollars. In the year 1985, the company assumed another name, ‘Dell computer Corporation’ and began its international business expansion by entering Ireland.

In 1996, Dell started selling computers through its website and in 2002 its line of business stretched to include television and other computer accessories. This necessitated rebranding of the company name as ‘Dell Inc’. CEO Kevin Rollins took over from Michael Dell in 2004 and served till 2007.

During this time, Dell acquired Alienware as a subsidiary company which introduced AMD microprocessors. Due to its dismal performance, Michael Dell took over as CEO again and in 2008 and acquired EqualLogistic with an objective of gaining a grip in iSCSI Storage Company.

Acquisition of this company reduced manufacturing costs to its lowest level. Dell announced in 2009 a motive of purchasing Perot Systems to become a subsidiary company. Perot Systems specialized in strategic consulting, development of application and system integration (Koehn, 2001). It also dealt with outsourcing in addition to running call centers and handling claims.

ASUSTeK Computer Inc deals with computers and its application in information communication. Its products consist of consumer electronics such as desktop personal computers and other hardware devices. Some of the subsidiary organizations are: AMA Corporation, ASUS computer international, ASUSTeK holdings and other several well developed companies.

ASUS and Germin have engaged themselves in developing mobile phones located in some specific places. The product developed will be called Garmin-Asus nuvifone series. Furthermore, the company entered into partnership with DeviceVM LTD to integrate new technology of Splashtop which allows a user to boot computers and access internet within the shortest time possible.

There is also a possibility of forming a joint venture with Giga Byte technology Co. This means that Giga Bytes would transfer its assets and operation into the joint venture. Partnership between ASUS and a Chinese company, Huan Hsin Holdings, Ltd, would lead to manufacture of notebook casings. Another form of joint venture was with Disney Consumer Product inclined to development of Disney Netbook which is very efficient to use.

Strategic marketing and planning Strategic marketing and planning describes how a business conducts its activities with an objective of realizing maximum returns from investment (Baker, 2008).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Business Report: Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Inc by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It captures overall activity of the business starting with production, establishment of market segments, interests of the customers, financial base of the business and the human resources. For a business venture to meet its wide goals and specific objectives, the management is under strict obligation to shape the company’s products in a manner that will lead to realization of market needs. Strategic planning therefore relates to the overall direction of the business.

Top management of a business venture ought to conduct a comprehensive review of the market and its opportunities continuously which enable them make a long term strategic arrangement. Strategic marketing plan integrates both the goals of a business with the needs of the customer.

In order to realize strategic marketing plan, planners need to segment the market with reference to such factors as Geography, Demography, Psychographic and behavioral factors (Baker, 2008). This stage is preceded by profiling the market segments while taking note of income potential, market share potential, and productivity potentials. Finally, a market segment marketing strategy is developed. This will require a choice between a market leader or product line, mass marketing or target marketing, direct or indirect sales.

Strategy used by Dell has its basis on the following key elements: direct sales, market segmentation, sharing of data and information with supplies, customer care services and bunch customization. It is the hope of the company that the strategy will lead to realization of Dell’s goal of becoming ‘virtually integrated’ business (Koehn, 2001).

This means that the customers, suppliers and the business are pooled together such that activities are conducted in real time basis. The aspect of selling directly to customers enables Dell to gain knowledge of customer’s preference and needs. Feedback after a direct sale acts a source of information about design problems consequently leading to improvement of company’s products.

ASUSTeK Computer Company participates in improving its products so as to meet individualized needs of the customers. This is evident with advent of new multimedia notebook and other products. Infiltration into foreign markets like China in addition to joint ventures with international business is a move towards realization of goals through strategic marketing and planning. As stated earlier, ASUS entered into joint with several businesses including Huan Hsin Holdings and Giga Bytes Company limited.

Macro-environmental forces These forces have its sources from outside the company. They comprise of factors that affect the running of an organization but cannot be controlled directly (Pride, 2009). The recent globalization is one of the macro-environmental forces affecting the running of business investment.

Globalization means that competition is stiff as more differentiated products enter the market. A company must make use of innovative marketing techniques in order to move with social, technological, political and economic changes. Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Company have a technical team mandated to research on the possibilities of introducing new products to match market requirements. Invention of multimedia devices and programs is actually a move towards countering macro-environmental forces.

Micro-environmental forces

These are factors which influence directly company’s strategies and they include: customers, employees, suppliers, shareholders, competitors and other internal factors (Pride, 2009). A firm can use these elements to formulate a workable marketing strategy after sourcing sufficient market information.

Marketing mix can be used by a firm to arrive at the best combination which will ensure that the customers are satisfied. In terms of positioning its sophisticated products, Dell utilizes numerous distribution channels available worldwide. Advertisement through print and visual media is part of the promotional strategy employed by Dell. The slogan ‘ Yours is here’ which was formulated in 2007 aimed at creating awareness that Dell manufactures and sell customized computers thus satisfying individual needs.

Dell kiosks available in many parts of United States are places where customers get a glimpse of various computer products and they can subsequently place an order. Joint venture entered between ASUS and DeviceVM LTD was aimed at capitalizing on new technology of Splashtop which allows a user to boot computers and access internet within the shortest time possible. This is a clear distinction of micro-environment formulated by ASUS to remain competitive.

SWOT analysis This is the analysis of individual competencies by measuring, strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats (Kotler, 2009). It is the responsibility of the management to maximize on the strengths, reduce weakness, make advantage of the opportunities that comes along, and counter the impediments of threats.


During their financial year ended July 2005, Dell registered more than 1 Billion Dollar profits translating to 28% growth. This growth is purely a result of its renowned brands. Direct sales to customers, use of information communication technology and maximum use of customer relation management assist Dell to capture on trustworthy customers. Another specific strength for the company is relatively cheap and readily available labor.

ASUS’S strong financial base is derived from manufacture and sale of computer related components and equipments. During the financial year ended 2009, its revenues amounted to TWD 667.7million. The strength of the company also lies on the many subsidiaries located across the globe. This company attracts many customers due to its standardized products which meets immediate needs of the customers.


Existence of large product and component supply can cause failure in operation of Dell business investment. In the year 2004, several computers were recalled due to the likelihood that they could explode or cause some technical problems. Inability to change suppliers reduces the choices available to the company.

Usually Dell contracts with specific few suppliers which then increase the risk in case supplier defaults to supply or delivers substandard components. ASUS faces a weakness of penetrating markets where Dell has established itself. This is contributed by the fact that Dell has strong market defense mechanisms.


A change made in the position of a chief executive was an opportunity for the company to make more profits. Although Kevin Rollins came in as CEO, Michael Dell remained the chair person in the organization. Another opportunity for dell is the introduction of new products in the market as a diversification strategy.

Television set, printers and phone accessories are different categories of products at the exposure of Dell. Selling low price and rebranded PCs in US market is a move towards formulating new market segments. ASUS has an opportunity to enter rich nations located in the Middle East. This will lead to more revenue generation.


Competition is one of the biggest challenges facing dell in the global market. Apple and other new entrants contribute to stiff competition in the market. Even though Dell ventured into low cost markets i.e. Middle East, competitors still infiltrate such market segments. Fluctuation in the world currencies is another milestone pulling down the prospects of Dell. Recent recession saw frequent changes in the exchange rates. This is not a conducive environment for business as well for ASUS which depends on the global market.

Market segmentation

To ensure that all categories of customers were attended to, Dell made its market more homogeneous (Rainer, 2009). In the year 1998, most of the products were sold to businesses or government associations. Major part of the customers comprised of corporate sector that purchased approximately 1 million PCs annually.

This corporate lot bought PCs at the highest price level in the industry thus contributing to supernormal profits. Example of these corporate sectors include: Ford Motors, Toyota, Shell oil and Michelin. Sales to individuals and small businesses were conducted by phone or internet.

Dell customers utilized toll free line where they could call, place an order or get information about a product through fax. Payment was also effected through credit card.

In the international arena, call center with tall free lines were based in Europe and Asia. These centers were very efficient such that calls were rerouted to specific countries where customers could be attended effectively. An example is a call from Kenya which is rerouted automatically to US for an English speaking sales representative. Dell also conducts its sale activity via internet.

ASUS Computer Company managed to sell its products to different customers after deriving different market segments. This company serves both individual and corporate sectors with a bigger proportion of sales contributed by firms. Pricing strategy helps to differentiate the markets for ASUS products.

Normally, corporate sector purchase product at a higher price level compared to small scale retailers and direct consumers. Supply of new netbook is part of the segmentation strategy where individuals are differentiated from the business world. Netbook was a very effective invention for the business fraternity since fast internet access enabled spontaneous placing of orders.

Target markets

Both print and visual media has been used by Dell to reach specific class of customers. Graphics used in advertisement takes into consideration the audience. To capture the attention of college students, Dell gives detailed specifications about the product which in real sense meets the needs of the student i.e. high internet interactivity. Online marketing by targeting specific corporate world and monitoring the results of an advertisement is an inclination towards reaching variety of market segments.

ASUS Computer Company is considering setting up markets in the sub-Saharan countries to capture the fast pace of socio-economic changes. Products manufactured by ASUS regard highly both younger and older population. PCs meant for the older class are simplified to ease its usage. The company also identifies the nature of young college students who value games and high mobility thus manufactures PCs and laptops to satisfy their needs.

Positioning strategy

This strategy allows a company to avail its products to a place where there is a proximity to customers (Dann, 2004). Advertisement, packaging, and distribution are critical factors to attain wider market coverage. Dell opened up Dell kiosks where customers could catch a view of various products before placing an order.

This is a good description of positioning strategy. Sales agents in various countries play the role of availing dell’s products to its customers. Display of beautiful models is a marketing approach utilized by ASUSTeK Computer Company.

Recommendations Whilst e-commerce is the present approach to trade, Dell must consider advertising its products in an innovative manner. It is prudent to review marketing strategies in a continuous basis so as grasp socio-political and economic changes. Due to globalization effects, Dell and ASUS should establish more customer experience centers in African countries which are still in the verge of achieving its development goals.

Conclusion Dell and ASUSTeK Computer Company are among the leading dealers in computers and its accessories. The success of these two organizations is credited to strategic marketing and planning initiated by the management. This is evident from analysis of segmentation, target markets, positioning strategy, and SWOT analysis of Dell and ASUSTek organizations. A recommendation made is for the companies to infiltrate African countries apart from Europe and Asia. This will expand market share of both organization.

References Baker, M. (2008).The Strategic Marketing Plan Audit. Cambridge: Cambridge Strategy Publications

Dann, S.,


Beauty and the Beast Essay essay help: essay help

Beauty and the Beast (La Belle et la Bête in French) written by Madame Leprince Beaumont in 1776, is renowned for its reformist and moralistic character, especially for discoursing feminine ideals. The story was written with the aim of educating young ladies of the virtues of femininity (Zipes 31).

Beaumont wrote the tale in her magazine as an educational and moralistic story for she strongly believed in reforming the women readers. She wrote her stories in order to reform women within the Christian domain (Walker 61). The discourse of a good woman in her stories was apparent, and the one under study is no exception.

However, these feminine qualities portrayed by Beaumont surpassed the traditional constructs of feminine virtues. The feminine characters that Beaumont stressed on were far greater than just being a kind and self-sacrificing woman. This forward-looking feminine view is apparent in her story Beauty and the Beast. Though she retained many of the traditional feminine virtues of the eighteenth century, she challenged many others that subjugated women.

It has been stated that Beaumont supported female education, and stressed women’s superiority over men (Walker 61). Her stories opine her views on femininity and female superiority. The idealistic world of female superiority painted by Beaumont in her stories was mostly domestic and had a deep sense of religiosity in it. She herself stated that she used her novels as a device to “instill virtue” among “young readers” (Walker 61).

In Beauty and the Beast Beaumont portrays the female with feminine virtue becomes the real hero and saves a man doomed for his ignorant arrogance and feeling of superiority. This essay analyses the portrayal of feminine ideals in the story Beauty and the Beast. This paper argues that de Beaumont’s version of Beauty and the Beast transcended from the traditional feminine ideals, to present women as strong and willful rather than submissive and docile, even when they retained their virtue of kindness and generosity.

The setting of Beaumont’s Beauty and the Beast is the world of merchants and nobility (Beaumont 1). The story depicts a class struggle of the merchants and the nobles, where the merchant’s daughters dream of upward mobility. However, the struggle is dealt with only briefly and the story moved on to the good-natured “Little Beauty” in contrast to her arrogant and airy sisters. The story narrates the feminine virtues that all women must embrace through prosperity and poverty.

The story presents a prosperous family in the beginning and shows the selfless, humble, and genteel behavior of Beauty. Beaumont’s Beauty becomes the ideal for feminine virtues. The story clearly demonstrates the feminine virtues that Beaumont wanted to preach among young women – goodness, education, tolerance, and humility. She spins the tale of an ill-fated merchant and his family of six children – three daughters and three sons.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Beaumont emphasizes that all the children of the merchant were educated by stating, “… he spared no cost for their education” (1). The heroine of the story, Beauty, the youngest of the six children, and the most “handsome” of the three sisters wan the one with sweet temperament. Beauty was not just a woman of kindness and of feminine virtues, but also courageous and hard working. The virtues of Beauty were demonstrated through her selfless conduct.

First, when her father was rich, she did not lose her head in arrogance like her elder sisters and treated all with courtesy. Then when their fortunes fell, Beauty remained composed and helped her father and brothers in hard time through her help to do the household chores. Then in the end to prevent, her father going into the clutches of the Beast with whom she falls in love and then marries. Her virtues are hailed and rewarded when the Beast turns out to be a prince under a fairy’s curse and becomes the Queen.

Beaumont’s Beauty and the Beast is actually the story of Beauty. Beaumont actually adapted the story of Beauty and the Beast as a moralistic story for the education of young women. The true virtuosity of Beauty is revealed when she learns to keep a household and do the household chores even though she was not accustomed to work like a servant. Beaumont wants to reveal that hard work is another ideal for women, and they should take pride in doing household chores rather than be lazy.

When her father learns of the safe journey of his lost ship, he asks his children what they want from the city. While Beauty’s sisters ask for dresses and jewels, Beauty in her modesty asks for a rose that Beaumont explain, “Not that Beauty cared for a rose, but she asked for something, lest she should seem by her example to condemn her sisters’ conduct, who would have said she did it only to look particular.” (Beaumont 3)

Through this, Beaumont emphasizes that women of ideals would know the financial situation as well as the men and would take care not to squander hard-earned money. Beauty’s virtues are further demonstrated when she decides that it would be she who goes to live with the Beast in order to save her father’s life.

Though Beauty remains visibly scared of the Beast initially, she learns to like the heart within the scary facade, and a friendship between the two evolves. This demonstrates that Beauty had successfully transcended from her fears and prejudice against those who looked ugly even though she truthfully acknowledges it. Here Beaumont imbibes another ideal for women – always speak the truth. An ideal woman is one who speaks the truth, even if it is not endearing to the other’s ears.

Beauty has an unending sense of duty. Beaumont adorns her heroine with a sense of duty that is shown in all course of the story. She worked for the household as she feels it to be her duty to take care of the house – “Beauty rose at four in the morning, and made haste to have the house clean, and dinner ready for the family.” (Beaumont 2) However, it must be noted that Beaumont emphasizes that the female must work within the household, and that is her rightful duty.

We will write a custom Essay on Beauty and the Beast specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Beauty again becomes the ideal female, unlike her sisters who were lazy. However, it must be noted that the sphere of women’s work, as demarcated by Beaumont is the household. Beauty’s sense of duty is expressed further when she decides to go and live with the Beast in place of her father demonstrating that a daughter must be ready to sacrifice herself for the safety of her family (expressed as her father in the story).

However, it must be noted that Beaumont in her version of the story leaves it as a choice for Beauty to decide for herself if she wanted to do the sacrifice for her father and she viewed it as her duty rather than sacrifice as has been expressed in earlier version of the story by Madame de Villeneuve’s story (153-229). Therefore, Beaumont stresses the feeling of duty towards her parents should be an innate quality of women and should not be confused as a sacrifice.

Beaumont stressed the need to avoid vices in women through the discourse of the evil and conniving elder sisters of Beauty. Through the character of the sisters, Beaumont created an “other” for the genteel Beauty in order to demonstrate the vices that should be present in female character.

Beaumont in the very beginning of the story sates that Beauty was the youngest of the sisters but she was admired the most: “… but everyone admired the youngest one in particular…. [and] called her simply ‘Little Beauty’…. as a result it led to a great deal of envy on the part of her sisters” (Beaumont 1). Beauty relation with her sisters creates her character as a humble female.

Beauty stats that in order to hide her sister’s follies she asks for a rose from her father: “Not that Beauty cared for a rose, but she asked for something, lest she should seem by her example to condemn her sisters’ conduct, who would have said she did it only to look particular.” (Beaumont 3) In another instance, when Beauty returns to visit her family for a week, the evil sisters were unhappy to see Beauty so happy and adorned in riches. This leads them to plot against her:

Beauty’s sisters sickened with envy, when they saw her dressed like a princess, and more beautiful than ever, nor could all her obliging affectionate behavior stifle their jealousy, which was ready to burst when she told them how happy she was.

They went down into the garden to vent it in tears; and said one to the other, in what way is this little creature better than us, that she should be so much happier? “Sister,” said the oldest, “a thought just strikes my mind; let us endeavor to detain her above a week, and perhaps the silly monster will be so enraged at her for breaking her word, that he will devour her.” (Beaumont 12)

They were envious of their little sister’s good fortune and lamented over their misfortunes. They chose their husband unwisely as the elder fell for the love of good looks and the second daughter fell for wit. Bet both their husbands mistreated and neglected them. The otherness Beaumont created through the elder sisters showed the vices that women should not have.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Beauty and the Beast by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Beauty’s sisters through their envious nature, constant harmful actions against their younger sister, and Beauty’s constant forgiveness outshine her and bring forth her positive qualities. Therefore, beauty’s good qualities set at the backdrop of the conniving evil elder sisters bring forth the former’s good nature. Beauty realised her true self through the unkindness and egocentricity that she did not want her husband to be neither handsome nor witty like her sisters.

On the contrary, she wanted a husband who was caring and warm hearted like the Beast. This self-realization of beauty to ultimately marry the beast was brought forth through the wickedness of her sisters. Thus, beauty’s unwavering kindness was received with wealth and happiness, while the wicked sisters were punished for their treachery and are turned into statues that would constantly witness their sister’s kindness and learn from her warm nature.

Beaumont undoubtedly wanted Beauty to become the ideal feminine role model with all the traditional values of kindness, generosity, humbleness, self-sacrificing, and trustworthy. However, her Beauty digresses from her predecessor’s Beauty in her essence of self-identity. Beauty is the individual in Beaumont’s novel. She is a girl with all the virtues of a true feminine irrespective of her class. Villeneuve recounts that her Beauty was of noble birth, and therefore, her good nature was innate to royalty (220).

However, Beauty of Beaumont was good-natured naturally irrespective of the class she belonged to. Further, in Beaumont’s story beauty assumed the central and maximum attention. In contrast to Villeneuve version of the story, Beaumont clearly omits a few lengthy areas of her predecessor’s novel – the episode of the beast’s early life. The Beast in Beaumont’s story is a character that supports in demonstrating beauty’s graciousness.

Beaumont creates allegorical beauty who loves books and she derives some of her good nature from her love of good books. Therefore, she stresses that beauty was a reading woman to emphasize the importance of education in young women. Therefore, many believe Beaumont’s Beauty was created in the middle class background, and not in the noble class, with the specific desire to create a new kind of heroine “specifically to reinforce the goals of the meritocracy for the young women who were the intended audience” (Cummins 23-5).

Beaumont’s Beauty is scholarly and has an intellectual element in her stature. Beauty amused herself with reading even when she did all the household chores. When at the Beast’s palace, Beauty explored the house, discovered “Beauty’s Apartment”, and found there a large library:

She opened it hastily, and was quite dazzled with the magnificence that reigned throughout; but what chiefly took up her attention, was a large library, a harpsichord, and several music books. (Beaumont 8)

Beaumont stressed that even when beauty was alone and afraid she found courage in her books, again stressing on the importance of education for women. Therefore, need for education for reformation of women formed an important discourse in Beaumont’s story.

So, was Beaumont creating a heroine who was educated and well read, full of virtue, but was docile, submissive like the traditional women, and feminine? Was Beaumont trying to show that the true mark of a woman was in her obedience, humility, and patience? On reading the story from the point of view of a modern feminist, Beaumont’s Beauty emerges as a submissive character that shows women to be self-sacrificing at the cost of drowning their won desires, and subjugating to the marriages that are arranged by their family in depicting beauty’s situation at the Beast’s castle is concerned.

Further, the aristocratic girl in Beaumont’s story is shown that one should be wise enough to marry a man who may appear as a beast at first appearance, but a true woman can transform even a beast to a beautiful prince (Griswold 63). Nevertheless, one must acknowledge that it was written in the eighteenth century and from the point of view of the then prevalent social orders, Beaumont appears to be a radical feminist.

One of the most radical views presented in the book was equal education for both boys and girls, when the then prevalent social norm was to school only boys. Beaumont’s Beauty is not always submissive as her beauty may recoil with horror at the first sight of the Beast but that does not prevent her from speaking her mind. This shows the willpower in the heroine. Then her decision to save her father was taken as she felt that she had equal responsibility to save her father like her brothers, and not as an act of sacrifice.

Further, when Beauty returns to meet her father, she indulges in her own wishes and does not submit to the Beast’s orders. Therefore, from the context of eighteenth century, the book upholds female independence and education that may seem trivial from today’s context but then, assumed great importance. Thus, Beaumont’s Beauty emerges not as a heroine but as a female hero in her Beauty and the Beast.

Works Cited Beaumont, Jeanne Marie Le Prince de. Beauty and the Beast. NA: Forgotten Books. , 1756. Print.

Cummins, June. “Romancing the Plot: The Real Beast of Disney’s Beauty and the Beast .” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 20(1) (1995): 22–8. Print.

Griswold, Jerome. The meanings of “Beauty and the Beast”: a handbook. Toronto: Broadview Press, 2004. Print.

Villeneuve, Gabrielle Suzanne de. “The Story of Beauty and the Beast.”.” Zipes., Jack. Beauties, Beasts, and Enchantment: Classic French Fairy Tales. New York: Smithmark Publishers, 1989. 153–229. Print.

Walker, Lesley H. A mother’s love: crafting feminine virtue in Enlightenment France. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presse, 2008. Print.

Zipes, Jack David. Fairy tale as myth/myth as fairy tale . Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 1994. Print.


Arguments on the unscientific nature of astrology Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

Karl Popper, Thomas Kuhn and many philosophers argue that astrology is a pseudoscience, although they have different explanations as to why it is considered a pseudoscience. Arguments vary from issues of Popperian’s variability and falsifiability, to questions of progress and Kuhn’s normal science, to the different sorts of tests raised by the scientific community.

However, in establishing the arguments it is necessary to understand what constitutes a pseudoscience and what astrology entails (Thagard 223). Astrology is an ancient practice and is a collection of systems, traditions and beliefs that argue that the relative position and movement of heavenly bodies can dictate human life and other worldly occurrences.

According to Popper, the apparent problem with astronomy is that it is unfalsifiable and that an astrologer cannot make predictions that if disgruntled could lead him/her to own up his theory. Thus since it is not falsifiable, astronomy is not scientific. Popper notes no observation statements are corrigible, that is, methodological decisions about what can be tampered with are required to block the escape from falsification.

Thus, falsification only takes place when a more reliable theory grows, and it is only an issue replaceability by another, and because astronomy is in principle replaceable by another theory, falsification gives no reason for rebuffing astronomy as pseudoscience. Astrology can used to predict about statistical methodologies, but the absence of these regularities does not imply falsification of astrology, although astrology appears equal to the scientific theories that too are not falsified until better theories come up.

On the significance of semantic meticulousness in science, Popper cautions: “criticism will be fruitful only if we state our problem as clearly as we can and put our solution in a sufficiently definite form-a form in which it can be critically discussed” (as cited by Curd


The Privatization or Commodification of Water Research Paper college application essay help

Introduction For a long time, ethics has been seen as the study of what comprises good and bad conduct which includes the values that influence the conduct. Generally, contemporary culture has given humans unprecedented liberty and prosperity which has necessitated the growth of the concept of ethics.

Business ethics on the other hand has existed in the form of reflection on the ethical dimensions of business exchanges and institutions whereby the concept has been understood in two distinctive ways, where one group views it from the background of philosophy while the other group views it from the background of business community (Brenkert and Beauchamp 3).

These two approaches are not exclusive, but the philosophical approach appears to be the broader of the two. In all cases, it becomes important to appreciate the fact that moral problems and the process of analyzing them invites different forms of useful analysis.

Water forms an essential commodity that ensures continuity of life, though for a long time no systematic way has been elaborated in appreciating its value (Brown and Schmidt 3). For long, people have regarded water as a renewable commodity that has potential to develop without limit. With the larger society utilizing water in different ways such as irrigation, energy and burgeoning urban centers, the reality is now clearer that like just other renewable commodities, water is a finite resource.

However, providing answers to modern water problems requires giving answers to questions of value: how should society capture, store or distribute water; at what cost; for whom; and for how long (Brown and Schmidt 4). All these questions are regarded as ethical because just like any other essential resource, determining a fair and just distribution of water has direct effects on human and nonhuman lives and also the systems that sustain them.

Commodification of water Borgmann argues that the driving force of the contemporary society is the aspect of commodification which is described as, that vital structure of modern society of the market which conveys a sense of moral censure (Borgmann 143).

The author, in reference to Viviana Zelizer, states that, “economic prophets have frequently warned us against global commodification and the loss of the moral-emotional fiber it brings” (Borgmann 144). Using the Marx’s concept of commodification, Borgmann first sees the concept to possess the verb to commodify, which to him is “to draw something from outside the market into the market so that it becomes available for sale and purchase” (Borgmann 144).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Marx looked at the various ways in which capitalism perceived the production of things such as wheat, shoes and clothing out of the hands and circumstances of the farmers, artisan and householders, stripped them of their context of skills and persons, of exchanges and uses and made them into commodities (goods) whose importance was reduced to their price.

Moreover, Marx became critical of how labor was being converted into something that could be purchased and sold under conditions that only favored the capitalists and made the workers beggars (Borgmann 144); thus, commodification became purely and totally exploitation.

The contemporary discussions continue to see the concept of commodification as contested. In such discussions, the broader agreement has remained that, certain goods such as justice should never be for sale (Borgmann 145). But other goods have continued to draw divided opinions.

For a long time, goods at issue in this discussion have generally constituted those in Michael Walzer’s list of items which are subject to ‘blocked exchanges’: 1) Human beings; 2) political power and influence; 3) criminal justice; 4) freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly; 5) marriage and procreation; 6) the right to leave the political community; 7) exemptions from military service, from jury duty, and from any other form of communally imposed work; 8) political offices; 9) basic welfare services like police protection or primary and secondary schooling; 10) desperate exchanges; 11) prizes and honors of many sorts; 12) divine grace; 13) love and friendship; and 14) a long series of criminal sales (Borgmann p.145).

The above list can be complete if addition of certain public goods is made. These public goods are; clean air and clean water, safety from crime, basic health care and public lands. The main argument in disfavor of commodification of public goods is that commodification may leads to social injustice, for instance, if education is totally commodified, the children of the poor will get no education or for them, inferior education will be enough (Borgmann p.145).

Commodification of water: Public vs. Private debate There exist two debates that continue to dominate the lives of many people concerning the issue of water. For instance, there are arguments whether water services should remain public or go private. One of the arguments “is concerned with practical issues of efficiency and economics, and the other is about principle” (Snitow, Kaufman and Fox p.10).

Privatizing water in a country like USA has been a hard venture to undertake. Those opposed to such move include personalities such as Barlow of the Council of Canadians and Tony Clarke of Canada’s Polaris Institute (Snitow, Kaufman and Fox 10). The two have opposed the move to privatize water in principle and they are convinced that private companies should only get involved in narrow areas of infrastructure development but not allowed to have ownership, control or delivery of the basic service.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Privatization or Commodification of Water specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To them, the process or actions of commodifying water is generally wrong in terms of ethics, environmental and social (Snitow, Kaufman and Fox p.10). They are on the view that the process will, “insure that decisions regarding the allocation of water would center on commercial, not environmental or social justice considerations; privatization means that management of water resources is based on principles of scarcity and profit maximization rather than long-term sustainability” (Snitow, Kaufman and Fox 10).

Contrary to this position, there is a divergent view which has been adopted by Peter Cook of the National Association of Water Companies who is convinced that if market principles are applicable to other products in the market, then water as a commodity cannot be exceptional.

Cook sees nothing wrong or unethical in making profits from water since the money which has been pumped into the business by the investors is used to benefit customers and provide them with services. Cook sums up his position by quoting the bible by stating that, the bible and especially the Ten Commandments have no provision that prohibits people from making profits, and utilities need to be operated as enterprises (Snitow, Kaufman and Fox pp.10-11).

To this extent, “the practical debate over who can provide water better focuses on the issues of transparency, efficiency, rates, and sustainability” (Snitow, Kaufman and Fox pp.11).. Indeed, most of these values are possible in public controlled enterprises but far more difficult in private owned enterprises or corporations.

Ethical dilemma

The essence of water being a commodity that sustains life has drawn conflicting debates and reactions on whether it is ethical to commodify and therefore subject it to market competition principles.

This particular confusion has been precipitated by the actions of United Nations to declare that water is a human right that should be accessible to everyone. The question that arises is; are their moral consequences that arise as a result of commodifying water and hence its availability and accessibility largely become determined by market mechanisms?

Ethical lapse

In most cases, ethical lapse can be categorized into three groups: deception, stealing and harming (Howard and Korver 13). There exists many variants to these but the mentioned three have come out as the most wrongdoings which people commit.

Lying has been described in many ways that include: doctor, cover up, overstate, understate, misinform, misguide or stretch the truth (Howard and Korver p.14). additionally, the act of lying has psychological costs, for example, when individuals lie there is always a clash between their values and who they are; lying also creates barriers in relationships and soils self-image of an individual (Howard and Korver p.15).

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Privatization or Commodification of Water by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moral reasoning

The contemporary society is faced with a situation where people are facing dilemma on various ethical decisions and as a result there have been numerous methods of moral reasoning.

Moral reasoning has taken center stage in various social issues as people continue to debate on what is right and what is wrong or what ought to be or not be done. In most cases many people are convinced that it is not necessary the principles which determine what is right or wrong, but the consequences produced by the actions in question (Rae p.81). When a particular course of action or decision produces the best set of consequences, then to majority such actions need to be allowed and accepted.

In other words the action(s) that produces the greatest balance of benefits over harms is the one that is considered as the most moral. Generally actions considered right or wrong (morality) should depend on the situation and also on what the cultural consensus of right and wrong is at that time. In the case of commodifying water, if the society and hence culture reaches consensus that water commodification is wrong then it would be morally wrong to commodify or privatize water.

Ethical approaches Utilitarianism ethics

Utilitarianism ethics postulate that morality of an act is determined by the end result. From this observation, utilitarianism conviction is that the moral choice is the one that produces the greatest good for the greatest number of people or at the same time the moral choice is the course of action that produces more good consequences than harmful ones.

Utilitarianism sometimes is regarded as consequentialism ethics due to its emphasis on the consequences of an action. Jeremy Bentham, one of the philosophers credited to utilitarianism believed in hedonistic utilitarianism which postulates that “the most moral acts are those that maximize pleasure and minimize pain” (Rae p.85).

On the other hand John Mill, another believer of utilitarianism ethics established his approach which differed from that of Bentham which was general concept of maximizing the general happiness, or what he termed as the greatest good for the greatest number. Hence ethics can be seen as the art of directing the actions of people so as to bring about the greatest possible happiness to all those who are concerned with these actions.

As a result, Bentham observed that the interests of the community are simply the sum of the interests of its members. In sum the utilitarianism principle hold that, “an action is right from an ethical point of view if and only if the sum total of utilities produced by that act is greater than the sum total of utilities produced by any other act the agent could have performed in its place” (Fernando p.34).

Water commodification can be analyzed within the precepts of utilitarianism ethics where business principles can take a backseat to consequences, if on balance, commodification of water provides more beneficial consequences for more people then utilitarianism ethics consider it to be the most moral choice.

Evaluation of actions needs to be made on the basis of benefits or harms the action(s) will bring upon human beings. The morality of the theory is that, individual or an organization performing particular actions need to impartially take into account interests of everyone on equal basis.

Kantian ethics

Kant was convinced that morality should be derived from recognition that people share a common human condition and what makes humans valuable and special is their ability to reason and that moral rules based on reason should govern human behavior.

To Kant moral rules need to be based on tradition, intuition, desire, conscience, emotion and sympathy and that free will among humans comes from their ability to reason and prompts them to develop rules for moral behavior which in turn can be applicable universally disregarding utilitarianism consequences.

The moral rules established needs to recognize the fact that all people have a certain human dignity and therefore they should be accorded respect as autonomous beings (Fernando p.35). According to Kant moral ethics, an action is only moral for an individual in a certain situation if, and only if, the individual’s reason for carrying out the action is one that he or she would be willing to have every person act on in any similar situation.

At the same time moral worth would not be attached to an action motivated singularly to promote individual interests or for pleasure and that if an action is wrong for other people, it is wrong for any one person. For Kant an action is regarded morally worth if it reflects a good will and it is only when individuals act from duty that their actions are regarded to be moral worth. As a result Kant believes that ethics should be grounded in reason alone and not on human nature (Fernando p.35).

Ethicality in commodifying water On November 27 2002, United Nation declared water to be a human right for the first time and went a head to require states to adopt key legal mechanisms that would ensure this fundamental right is achieved (Sierra Club par. 1). From UN observation, the conviction was that privatizing water could not be achieved since it is impossible to marry the profit motive of a private enterprise and the necessity and importance of a commodity like water which many people require in order to survive (utilitarianism).

The conclusion is that the issue of rendering water as a private thing should be done away from the market place since water belongs to earth, to all species, to the future generation and in this regard no one has the right to commodify water for personal (deontological) or corporate gain (Sierra Club par. 1).

On advancing this claim, the Cochabamba Declaration of December 8, 2000, which brought together interested parties aimed at ensuring the privatization of water, was not achieved (welfare concern). To cement and solidify their claim the group came up with key points to be observed which turned out to constitute the Cochabamba Declaration (Sierra Club par. 4).

To the group access to water is the fundamental right of every human and all humans are required to respect nature as they use water given by the earth. The three main points formulated were:

Water was described to belong to the earth and also to all species of the world and that water need to be regarded as sacred to life, and from this view the water of the world needs to be conserved, reclaimed and put under adequate protection in order to ensure the future generation is safe;

Water was described as fundamental human right and also as a public trust that needs to be guarded by all structures of the government and as a result it should not be commodified, privatized or commercially traded; lastly

Water can be best protected by local communities and people and who must be given equal respect as partners of various governments in the process of protecting and regulating water (Sierra Club par. 5).

Conclusion Water ethic has developed in many societies as a result of continued efforts by enterprises and corporation to commodifying water. As a result, in most societies specifically the developed ones, water ethics commodification and privatization with marginalized access to water continue to raise key questions such as:

Can water be sustainably managed while the global financial institutions and transnational corporations possess the means to do so? How can the empowerment of public and rights of people over water be restored? How can global skills, capital and user practices are reconciled with the need and desire for control over water of local people? Such questions give an impression of how fundamental ethics has become essential in addressing the issue of water commodification. Ethical reasoning in regards to water will ensure proper, efficient and sustainable use of water despite its scarcity in nature.

Works Cited Borgmann, Albert. Real American ethics: taking responsibility for our country. IL, University of Chicago Press. 2006. Web.

Brenkert, George G. and Beauchamp, Tom L. The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics. NY, Oxford University Press US. 2009. Web.

Brown, Peter G. and Schmidt, Jeremy J. Water Ethics: Foundational Readings for Students and Professionals. NW, Island Press. 2010. Web.

Fernando, A. C. Business Ethics: An Indian Perspective. New Delhi, Pearson Education India, 2009. Web.

Howard, Ronald A. and Korver, Clinton D. Ethics for the real world: creating a personal code to guide decisions in work and life. MA, Harvard Business Press. 2008. Web.

Rae, Scott B. Moral Choices: An Introduction to Ethics. MI, Zondervan, 2000. Web.

Sierra Club. Corporate Water Privatization: Water is a Human Right not a Commodity. 2008. Web.

Snitow, Allan, Kaufman, Deborah and Fox, Michael. Thirst: fighting the corporate theft of our water. C. A., John Wiley and Sons. 2007. Web.


The social performance of Hewlett Packard Essay (Critical Writing) essay help: essay help

Introduction Hewlett Packard Company is an Information Technology company which was founded in 1939 by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard. The firm has its corporate headquarters located at Palo Alto in USA. Over the years, the firm has been able to enhance its awareness globally. As a result, the firm has managed to be among the most respected organizations in the world through incorporation of corporate social responsibility.

The discussion of this essay is aimed at conducting a comprehensive analysis of Hewlett Packard Company with the objective of its performance in the society. It achieves this by highlighting its achievement and highlighting the areas where the firm’s management team should improve on.

Environment conservation

Over the recent past, there has been increased concern with regard to the increment in the volume of waste resulting from electronic technology companies. Some of the stakeholders concerned include customers, governments and business organizations .Electronic waste includes various products such as laptops, iPods, cell phones, TVs, printers among others.

A recent increase in electronic wastes has made it an issue of concern among these stakeholders due to their hazardous nature. This is because E-waste contains lethal substances such as mercury, lead and arsenic. This is one of the reasons why HP embarked on recycling the used electronic components since 1987. At the moment, HP is providing the customers with ways of returning the computers already purchased when they become obsolete.

Leasing is proving to be effective means of combating unorthodox means of disposing electronic garbage. Selling original print cartridges is meant to reduce negative impacts of environment pollution by not dealing with remanufactured cartridges. In 2005, the company managed to recycle print cartridge and computer hardware weighing at least 140 pounds.

Being a global giant in providing computer hardware, it is the first company to report greenhouse emissions associated with its production and manufacturing process. This illustrates how that the company is applying transparent techniques and is encouraging others to join the fight against electronic pollution.

In 2007, Hewlett Packard was able to drastically cut down and reduce carbon emission by approximately 4%. Wal-Mart Stores had invited the technological company to design a product which has minimal impact. It is important to acknowledge the fact that since it won the award, it has provided solution that greatly reduces environmental impact of Personal Computers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The design does not have conventional shipping materials hence HP products are greatly reduced in size (Environment leader, 2010). In 2008, it was awarded the Green Recycling Asset Disposal for the Enterprise (GRADE) certification by IDC which further boosted its image. GRADE aims at providing organizations with ideas on how to dispose information technology assets.


HP has been in the forefront with regard to promoting education. This arises from realization of the fact that high quality education is crucial for sustainable economic growth. Equal opportunities for both men and women in Africa are essential in eliminating poverty (Isaacs, 2002, p. 3).

As a global information technology leader in innovation, the company provides sophisticated equipments and technical services to learning institutions around the world. HP has been supporting teaching with aid of technology in many American and Canadian schools. In 2005, it provided 35 universities with wireless technologies for mobile communication around the world.

In an effort to ensure that consumers access education, the company has incorporated the HP Scholarship Program. The program targets mainly African Americans, the Native Americans and the Latinos. The selected students pursue engineering and computer science in any of the HP partner universities such as North Carolina A


The Civil War Dilemmas: Slave-Owner Relations Expository Essay college application essay help

In the middle of the 1800s, slavery and interpersonal relations between people with different social conditions were considered to be one of the most burning issues for consideration. Different families introduced absolutely different attitudes to the idea of slavery and owner-slave relations.

The vast majority of rich people did not find it necessary to respect their slaves and introduce appropriate treatment. However, there were many cases when families took unbelievable care for their slaves and realized that human questions should go first if it was necessary.

Nowadays, it is very hard for modern people to imagine how it is to be a slave and to be dependent on other people’s wishes and demands. It is impossible to comprehend what made people demonstrate their power over other people. However, it is also difficult to believe that many people were eager to protect their slaves and provide them with necessary treatment in respect to their assistance in house keeping or other duties.

Slavery has to be regarded as an obscure question in the Civil War that divided people into groups, made them fight against each other, and forgot about the amenities of human life that was given to everyone; and in this paper, an attempt to evaluate slavery and to define its strong and weak sides under different conditions will be made.

The question of slaves’ role in society turned out to be crucial in the development of interpersonal relations and played an important role in the history considering as one of the main reasons of the Civil War. In one of the letters written during the times before the Civil War, there was mentioned a true nature of slavery: it was said that “each


The Experience of War by Women Essay a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The Analysis of the Experiences of Women in the War


Works Cited

Introduction The valley of the shadow depicts two communities during the American civil war of 1860-1865 with one community northern and the other southern specifically the Franklin County in Pennsylvania and Augusta county of Virginia. The period of war had great impact on women varying from their work, social status, age, race and family.

The women had a rich social experience of the war that was represented in their diaries, letters and other war documents. They expressed themselves differently and were concerned about different issues prior to the war, during the war and after the war period. The women ranged from slave owners, the wives to the soldiers, mothers, daughters, slaves to young girls.

The records of these women reveal their fears, anxiety, opinions on the war and their attitude. They also represent their devotions to family, their country, God and the struggle in the war. They are thus not only historical, but they provide rich information on the role of these women in the war, their reactions to the war, the climate and social conditions at the time and the place of women in society at the time.

The Analysis of the Experiences of Women in the War While most of the women received letters from their loved ones especially those whose relatives were involved in the war, they also wrote letters to their loved ones, authorities, kept diaries and were depicted in the documentaries of the time (Ayers 10).

The analysis of these women shall include the mothers, daughters, wives, young girls of varying races and background. The analysis evaluates their devotion to their families, God and religion, their struggles during the war, the level of their education and other social issues (Whitman and Lowenfels 12).

The period of the Civil War was characterized by a separation of the families. This was with soldiers going to war leaving their families behind; children in school away from their families and the separation of relatives for other reasons.

The diaries of the women show their attachment to their families and their need to keep in touch with them. Fannies in the letter to her cousins (Ayers 17) keeps in touch through informing her cousins of the weather, the cold season, among others and sends them another letter too to know of their well being. Melly Clayton writes to her aunt about how her family is doing (Ayers 27).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Carter Sue writes and laments about her separation from her family showing the deep connection she had with them. In the letter of the Houser family, Mollie writes to her cousin about her family and relates the news to her cousin. The war time diary and letters of the Smiley family are about the relatives and family whereabouts (Ayers and Rubin 39).

The women wrote the letters to their relatives and family mostly in the war and away from home to inform them of what was going on at their homes (Ayers 33). For example, in the war letter of the McGuffin family, the mother writes to her son to inform him of the life at home, his brother and to enquire of his welfare.

The letters describe the love and devotion to the family. Maria Perkins who was a slave at the time wrote to her husband about the sale of her son, herself and the other children. The letters were also for the happy family moments. For example, Alansa in her diary talks of her marriage and slavery of her uncle to whom she was close.

The devotion of the women to God and religion at the time was evident in their letters and diaries. This devotion came out of fear, desperation and the painful moments of the war (Ayers and Rubin 59).

Anna Mellinger in her diary reveals her devotion to God through the prayer meetings, readings of the word from the Bible, mention of prayer and the evidence of faith (Ayers 38). The diaries and letters also represent the devotion to religious meetings. Melly Clayton in her letter to her aunt informs her of a possible religious camp meeting to be held in September (Ayers 40).

They also show the struggles of the women to maintain their Christian faith. For example, in her diary Wright Sarah shows her struggles to adapt to the Christian principles. The religious faith is also revealed through the attitude of optimism while some of them linked the war to God’s punishment to them. For example, Emerson Nancy in her diary perceived that the war was a result of God’s punishment to the Northern people for their sins (Ayers and Rubin 63).

Others had faith that God would reunite their families after the war and grant them peace. For example, Sue Carter expresses her faith for the reunion. The letters of Armentrout Kate are based on the Christian affairs, the unity prayer meetings and other religious activities. Religion acts as a consolidation for the women. For example, Harris Anna in her letter of 1860 shows her tribulations but reveals her assurance of God’s consolation (Whitman and Lowenfels 97).

We will write a custom Essay on The Experience of War by Women specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The letters represent the level of education of the women. Most of the letters had grammatical errors with the knowledge of Basic English language. The letters however represent the abilities of the women in writing and basic reading thus justifying the fact that the women had gained basic education. This level of language proficiency is however not represented in all the women since the slaves and younger children represent a lack of proficiency as compared to the slave owners and those of the white race (Whitman and Lowenfels 121).

For example, the letters of Mollie Houser use language in the wrong tense, lack punctuation, have grammatical errors and appear like a direct translation. However, for the women who have gone through school such as Armentrout Kate, the letters are more grammatically correct and she makes use of more complex language as compared to the other women.

The letters and diary information also revealed the knowledge of the women about the war and the contribution and attitudes towards the same (Ayers 78). They also revealed their fears, agony and the decisions they made during the time. For example, Mollier in her letter of April 5, 1864 is concerned about the welfare of the soldiers in the war and wishes that the war would end soon.

Harris Anna in her letter of January 5, 1860 shows the trials and afflictions from the war since her friends were soldiers in the war. In her letter Fackler Lizzie shows her whereabouts of the war evident from the fear she has of the invasion of Yankee in Staunton. The diary of Mellinger Anna shows the period of the war and how she escaped with her family.

The letters and diaries of the women did not fail to touch on women issues such as the gossip and the whereabouts of others as well as the concept of relationships and weddings.

For example, Mollier talks of her wedding and the fact that she wants to engage in a relationship. Alansa talks of her life and her marriage while all the letters are descriptive showing the detailed messages and the description with the expression of themselves. The letters reveal the fears of the women and their desire for peace and stability with unity in their families and the end of the war (Ayers and Rubin 71).

The letters also revealed the historical times and the developments at the time while those written after the war by the women provided family history and the whereabouts of relatives (Ayers and Rubin 77). This shows that the women did not experience death during the war in large numbers but lost their relatives, family and friends and their concern reveals their love for their families.

For example, Martha in her letter of 1867 informs her nephew about the family history as well as the other families and relatives that he knew. The letters also represent schooling and education with the evidence of young girls writing about school and the events following the same. For example, Clayton writes about her school experience to her aunt, while Alaska talks of her schooling. The issues of racism are exposed by the information and the perceptions of the writers towards the same (Whitman and Lowenfels 234).

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Experience of War by Women by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The period after the war is rife with information about the deaths and whereabouts of the families with the women sharing the same to their relatives. For example, the diary of Emerson Nancy reveals the deaths of the people she knew and the expression of frustration, loss and bitterness (Ayers and Rubin 98).

Summary The experiences of the women provide a rich history of the Civil War through the issues they went through and witnessed. They experienced the Civil War differently depending on their race, age or status.

However, the nature of women is similar in the aspects of their attitudes towards religion, love and devotion to their families, struggles and the desire for peace in the country, the frustrations and losses experienced in the war and their attitudes towards the war. The analysis of the women opens the opportunity for understanding the modern times with the perceptions of society towards the role of women.

Works Cited Ayers, Edward. The Valley of the Shadow, 2010. Web. .

Ayers, Edward, and Anne Rubin. The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War – The Eve of War. New York: W.W. Norton Company, 2000.

Whitman, Walt, and Walter Lowenfels. Civil War. Boston: Knopf Publications, 1961.


Current Issues in Human Resource Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

BP’s Human Resource department strategies

Employee development

Employee’s relations and grievance handling



Importance of HRM practices to organizations



Introduction British Petroleum (BP), headquartered in St. James’s, City of Westminster, London, is ranked number three among the largest energy companies in the world. Founded in 1909 as the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, the company has grown to be a multinational oil company and it is listed in the London Stock Exchange (British Petroleum, 2010, para. 1). Since it is the largest corporation in the United Kingdom, it forms part of the FTSE 100 index.

In 1998, the company came out of a partnership with its American-based counterpart, Amoco, and it has now established business operations across six continents. The core activities of the company are “exploration and production are exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas; refining, marketing, supply and transportation; and manufacturing and marketing of petrochemicals” (BP, 2010, para. 1). This paper analyzes the current issues in the company’s HR department.

The Human Resource Department is endowed with the task of assisting the organization it is representing in attaining its goals and meeting the needs of its workers. This department is the hub of the company acting as a liaison between all the parties concerned with the aim of improving the performance of the organization.

The efforts of the HR Department are increasingly being recognized as an essential element in organizational success; therefore, a major focus of the department’s interventions is an effort to influence the behavior of the employees. It is important to note that providing the workforce with the necessary expertise and behaviour is able to make an organization to realize its objectives. Therefore, the HR Department plays a pivotal role in influencing the behaviour of the employees in an organization.

BP’s Human Resource department strategies BP’s HR department has implemented a number of strategies aimed at encouraging positive employee behaviour. The Board of Directors, who makes important decisions that affect the running of the activities of the international corporation, manages the company.

The company’s mission statement reads, “In all our activities we seek to display some unchanging, fundamental qualities – integrity, honest dealing, treating everyone with respect and dignity, striving for mutual advantage and contributing to human progress.” While its vision statement reads, “to be the world leader in transportation products and related services” (Man on a Mission, 2005).

In a traditional organization model, a hierarchical structure is usually observed. In this case, a president or executive is usually regarded as the top most official followed by vice presidents or the position of senior managers. After this, different levels of management follow. Most of the employees are usually found at the bottom of the hierarchy and jobs are grouped by function into various departments (Ansoff, 1965).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Before major transformations were done, this was the case at BP. The company was categorized into various autonomous automakers, which functioned separately and competed with one another. However, the rivalry and absence of centralization within the company proved to be an expensive affair for the company.

Therefore, as a major HR strategy, BP adopted the transformed organizational model, which is centralized and cohesive than the traditional model. Regardless of its size or complexity, the company has been able to arrange its diverse workforce coming from different parts of the world to ensure that its operations are run in a streamlined manner.

All the company’s employees are now working towards a common goal and running the company has been more cost effective. In its transformed structure, BP lacks many different departments. Most of the company’s departments are performing the same tasks with related requirements. Thus, this centralized organizational structure makes more sense than the traditional one.

The adoption of the transformed organizational model has made BP to have centralized staff functions. The change that was carried out radically changed its diverse workforce, including its management, since they had to learn central set of skills.

For instance, before the adoption of the transformed model, the different regions in the company were using different computer software for carrying out their operations. This resulted in miscommunication between its different departments in the regions. The diverse workforce at BP was to be taught the basics of a central software program which resulted in easier inter-corporation communication.

The large undertaking also made the company’s production team to centralize their operations and learn from one another’s methods of design and engineering, which has resulted in a more productive and easier communication among them. Currently, the diverse workforce at BP communicates and embraces teamwork when working. They no longer work as individuals in completing a particular piece of the puzzle.

The transformed organizational model enabled the British company to merge its different brand operations. The traditional model made various operations in the automotive company to be redundant. This led to the wastage of resources and time. This is because its employees were duplicating work that had been already performed by another of the company’s different brands. The traditional model plagued the operations at the company for years.

We will write a custom Essay on Current Issues in Human Resource specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The transformed organizational model adopted by the HR Department has made the employees of GM to work on the same page. All of them are working towards realizing the same objective of preserving the core competence of the company of innovation.

Because of this initiative, the turnover of the company has dramatically increased in recent years. Its dominant position in the energy industry is largely attributed to the innovative culture that it has embraced in its transformed organizational model. Focus on innovation has also made the company to re-assess the market that it has been striving to approach. For a long time, the company had embraced a traditional outlook for energy production.

However, with the changing tastes and preferences of its customers, BP has taken a step back to examine critically its position in the market. To maintain this innovative culture, all the heads of the regional operations hold frequent meetings to assess the progress of the company. Global offices usually attend these meetings via phone; therefore, the CEO is able to monitor the progress of the company.

Employee development The transformed organizational model ensures that employee development within the company is encouraged. At BP, the management ensures that the workers are doing a commendable work. Achievement of this is by making the workers realize that their input in the organization is important, not just to be salaried at the end of the month.

The quality of the work usually disintegrates when employees fail to recognize the value of their input in the organization. At BP, the workers are encouraged that the place of work forms their second home and that they add value to the success of the organization. Individuals most of the time react better to a surrounding where their emotional well-being is properly taken care of. That is why the company’s HR department usually gives rewards to the most motivated employees to act as an encouragement to them.

In BP’s business environment, managers engage in employee development by motivating the workers, first by example. The managers or the supervisors of its various departments are often self-motivating. When an individual has the capability of being self-motivating, it becomes uncomplicated to pass this trait to others (Banfield


Richard Sennett’s account of the ‘new capitalism’ in relation to current organizations Essay essay help site:edu

There have been many economic systems in the history of the world, all formed out of various ideologies but the most prevalent one has been capitalism. Capitalism is a system whereby the means of production are in the hands of private owners and its main aim is making profits and more profits. Supply, demand, price, distribution, and investments decisions are determined by a liberated market and governments have little or no authority over the market.

The revenues from the entities are mainly for the owners and little is used to pay wages to workers. However, there is a new economic system that is developing in the world known as the new capitalism. New capitalism is a sociological phenomenon that has to do with the new economy effect on the human relationships. Sennett describes a scenario whereby corporations have changed from the bureaucracy organizations described by Weber (2006, p. 203).

Organizations today are not centered, they are unstable and diffuse; unlike the former pyramid-like corporate structures whereby people would know their status and therefore they could plan for the future because there were assured long-term stability, benefits, social capital, and interpersonal trust. Employees have to now prove themselves as valuable assets to the entity for them to secure their future by showing their potentiality rather than specialty and experience.

People demand services rather than goods. Capital, labor potential and innovations are the driving forces for the economic development. The system is generally characterized by: Globalization and automation, blue-collar jobs, unionized work, reduced manual work and an increase in value of professional workers.

The system thrives on economics, information architecture, cybernetics, game theory and information theory among other sciences and technologies. The ideology has been mainly developed by a sociologist Richard Sennett and a professor at the London School of Economics. He is very popular for his contribution and study of social relationships in cities, and the effects of urbanization on individuals in the modern world among other ideologies such as the liquid society.

New capitalism has led to the formation of a very liquid society due to the rapid changes in technology and society. People’s life’s now change at the same rate: nomadism has become a routine in all aspects of the modern man: people change their lives like a tourists, change places, jobs, spouses, values and sometimes political or sexual orientation (Sennett 2006, 203).

Modernity has evolved from solid to liquid creating unexpected situations for man; therefore making individuals face many new challenges that have not been there before. Institutions do not mature and solidify so a create foundation for human activities; they break before that happens hence man is prompted to find other ways to organize life.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More An individual must be prepared before engaging in any activity by analyzing its gains and losses first. The global economy has also shifted from being industrial to service oriented enterprise. Socially the modernity is characterized by movements fighting for civil rights and equality in the female gender and also multi-culturalism.

Sennett (1998, p. 221) argues that “the former political sphere was comprised of numerous arenas and possibilities of citizenship and political action concerning various forms of struggle against oppression or alienation (in collectives defined by sex or ethnicity) while the modernist political arena remains restricted to class struggle.”

Organizations in the private sector the social-welfare programs in collaboration with the government and agree to and execute general wage levels and also ensure the administration’s spends across the economy in favor of workers so as to avoid strikes and labor unrest.

The above explanations of new capitalism are evident in our societies therefore the changes are really happening. Recently the ANC banking group of Australia CEO gave a report citing that the banking sector globally is facing huge risks and uncertainties hence making operations to be very expensive.

This depicts the new capitalism type of organizations that operate with no stability and hence cannot also offer their employees reliable benefits because the entities themselves can collapse anytime. He said that the sector and specifically the bank need to concentrate on productivity and new innovations so as to stay relevant in the market; therefore changes have to be implemented.

New capitalism, according Sennet (1998, p. 87), is all about innovations and competition to stay relevant. He also said that the bank is intending to expand more globally and also engage in investment strategies worldwide hence the bank will be responding to the new capitalism requirements of globalization for the sake of its shareholders.

In another article the Labor Party in Australia is advocating for the increase in the SG (the compulsory contribution paid into a worker’s super account by their employer) from 9 per cent of gross pay to 12 per cent by 2019 (Fraser 2010, np). This will enable the employees to accumulate substantial savings that will guarantee them a good retirement.

We will write a custom Essay on Richard Sennett’s account of the ‘new capitalism’ in relation to current organizations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is an example of new capitalism ideologies where governments make policies that protect citizens from their employer’s meanness so that they can secure themselves a good future and also boosts the welfare of the entire country. Companies are also buying other organizations leading to mergers a phenomena that characterizes new capitalism ideologies.BHP Billitons a mining company in Australia ha s made a bid to the Potash Corp. of Saskatchewan Inc that manufactures potassium for farm use.

BHP wants to expand the company and make it a worldwide business because it has the potential since the commodity is essential the globally. This again is a globalization strategy; companies are seeking more revenues worldwide for Potash that is another reason as to why organizations today cannot be considered stable because they can undergo both management and economic changes anytime.

Some people consider BHP’s move a risk, analysts have cited that the purchase of Potash by it will lower its credit ratings. However, the management says “that company would not be facing a steep downgrade, because Potash Corporation would increase its geographic diversity and has solid medium and long-term prospects” (Bain 2010, np).

This is a display of uncertainty in decisions being made by organizations in the new economy. Some are risky ventures but they choose to continue in the hope that the venture will be successful and will therefore keep the entity relevant in the market. The prime media group has also been doing well, advertising spending has doubled and especially no w that there are election campaigns. “The group plans to pick up Seven Group Holdings Ltd’s newest digital channel, 7mate, due to launch on September 25” (Smith 2010, np).

Westfield chains of stores have also been doing well in their business and the director says the market is now not volatile but there are still uncertainties in the business’s environment. He says the stores have survived the recession and are now trying venture into new strategies so as to build a strong base for economic development.

However not all business in Australia are doing well the Direct Factory Outlets (DFO) retail chain has evaded receivership after its owners the Developer Austexx, made agreements with banks from which the chain has their loans. The banks have agreed to extend the loans for the chain for it to recover. The management has mentioned that the crisis has been due to bad decisions about expansion of the chain. Another company under crisis is the Downer EDI, an engineering company whose profits have declined by 90% from last year, s.

The company has blamed the global recession for this saying that it led to loss of investors both private and public. The company has also admitted to quality issues of their trains and also it says that it has not been able to meet deadlines of the requisitions made by customers. The management has said that the company is making changes both operational and organizational so as to improve its services and performance.

The Australian timber company Gunn’s is also in crisis, it is trying to get out of the crisis by selling some of its non-core assets. Recently it has sold the Tasmanian pulp mill and its Tamar Ridge winery to enable reorganization by downsizing. The management says that it has “a lot of work to do over the coming 12 months to continue to develop our asset base and the next stage of development which will be the closure of the pulp mill project” (Griffiths 2010, np)

Not sure if you can write a paper on Richard Sennett’s account of the ‘new capitalism’ in relation to current organizations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Sennett portrays the new capitalism as short-termism because it concentrates on insists on flexibility and the relocation of workers from on job to another. This means that there is no need for people to specialize in a particular field all they need is the potential and skill because the economy is moving very fast and so is employers interests. Workers should therefore not dwell on past experience to deliver services any more instead they should be eager to learn the new task.

Sennett points out that “most people need a sustaining life narrative; take pride in being good at something specific; and value the experiences they accrue, and the new capitalism is a source of misery for many people” (2006, p. 256). The new capitalism is as a result of various forces put together hence generating the changes. The first was the change of authority from the management to the shareholders; and the investors are out to make quick profits not long-term gains.

The concept of quick money is not new to the globe but capital combined with pressure for profits is the reason for the changes. The current era views stability as a weak point and a disadvantage; the favored option is innovation, new opportunities and total enterprise. Development of new information technologies is also another major force that has mainly created changes in the way that managed.

Communication and transport is now very fast than before; managers can send orders electronically and expect results at the same speed. This speed is actually not good for business because very many bad decisions are made due to speed and they end up working against the entity.

The casualisation of labor and the formation of unions have made it more difficult to get labor and to manage it too hence organizations ought to be careful when hiring, managing and firing because strikes can be very ruinous for their operations both in reputation and production (Hyam and Janda 2010, np)

The above core changes and their reasons are very visible in the Australians organizations mentioned earlier, they are all geared towards quick profits through investors capital.

The organizations drop enterprises that are not making profits and change to develop the viable ventures, the ones that are doing well keep looking for new innovations so as to maintain their positions. All of these changes also involve the employees hence the need for potential rather than specialty in a particular field because the organizations will be requiring different kind of labor at different times.

The changes could be good for revenues but still they got their weaknesses that they bring in an organization. Sennett argues, “there are three deficits that follow on from the structural changes; low institutional loyalty, the loss of informal channels of trust among employees and the weakening of institutional knowledge” (1998, p. 102). The New capitalism therefore has its advantages and disadvantages but one thing that is obvious is that it is overtaking capitalism worldwide.

References Bain, D 2010, ‘BHP ratings under threat in Potash bid’, ABCNews. Web.

Fraser, A 2010, ‘Retail softness dries up Billabong sales’, The Australian. Web.

Griffiths, M 2010, ‘Greens play down chances of pulp mill deal’, ABCNews. Web.

Hyam, R


Social Media: How has it changed marketing and the thought process of society essay help online: essay help online

Purpose: The purpose of the annotated bibliography is to summarize the sources that you have gathered to support your research proposal project. These summaries help you to think about the complex arguments presented in your sources.Descriiption: In this assignment, you will create an annotated bibliography consisting of seven sources. Each entry will consist of a reference list citation, a summary of the source’s information, and a one-sentence assessment. Each annotation should be between 150 to 200 words. If an entry is shorter than 150 words.


The value and benefit of training employees Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Value and benefit to the employer

Value and benefit to employees

Value and benefit to customer


Referencing List

Introduction Training of the staff is of great value and benefits to all stakeholders involved in day to day realization of the of the company’s goals. In this case the owner, the staff and the customers stands an equal benefit if the continuous training programs are in place.

The employees should be equipped with ongoing training throughout their work lives so that they remain relevant and competitive in their lines of duty. It is a true fact that getting the right professional by a mere exercise of recruitment is not an easy task since various organizations are unique in the ways they carry out their duties.

Thus, this implies that the only convenient way to get the right personnel in a given organization is by training their workforce which is equal to the challenges of a given firm. The misconception that training only benefits the employees is misplaced and unfortunate. This is because training creates an atmosphere of professionalism which is very critical in the success of any given business.

Thus, the training programs should be highly valued in any given organization because they play a key role in determining the destiny of an organization (McNamara, 2008, p. 1). In this case we are going to look at the value and benefits of subjecting the employees to training programs. This benefits and values will be addressed on various stakeholders such as the owner, employees and finally the customers.

Value and benefit to the employer The value and benefit of undertaking the training programs to the workforce is very realistic on the side of the employer. Even though some employers in small scale business may argue that it is uneconomical to fund training programs, the consequences of failure to train are too severe. The value and benefit of employees training to the employer are evident in various ways.

Firstly, the employees training programs lowers the costs incurred on hiring new staff. Under the training programs the firm can get potential candidates who may not have some skills but who are trainable to perform various tasks. Thus, the training culture implemented by the business helps the management spare the time which could have been wasted in looking for the ideal person to recruit (Sigma, 2010, p. 1).

This is because getting the right person is a bit challenging to the employees and thus training their workers is more convenient. Secondly, the turnover of the staff is highly reduced by action of training the employees. When the employees are given a chance to gain and develop new skills, they become happy people because of the feeling of being adequately informed about their tasks.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This reduces greatly their likelihood of desiring to resign and leave the firm and this enables the firm to retain great talents in their staffing. Thirdly, the claims from the customers against poor services drastically reduce due to appropriate training given to the employees. This is because the staff takes great pride in its daily undertakings due to confidence gained in the course of training (Jacouwski, 2010, p. 1).

Thus, the customers are happy with the service delivery of the employees and hence the success of entire firm since the customers will be retained. Finally, the employer will be required to undertake minimal supervision to the staff. This is because the employees are well informed about their duties and they are in a position to perform their duties independently without supervision from their boss.

Value and benefit to employees The staff also gets great value and benefit from the training programs availed to them by their employer. Firstly, the mere act of the employer to give the staff an opportunity to gain knowledge and new skills, makes the employees feel appreciated and highly regarded. This fact enhances job satisfaction amongst the employees. As a result, the employees get highly involved in the affairs of the business and their loyalty towards the employer and the business at large is tightened.

The productivity of the firm also increases due to the fact the employees are giving their best to the business. Secondly, the employees are awarded certificates after undertaking the training programs (Kunkel, 2005, p. 1). The employees gain pride after attaining this certificates. Also the employees are better placed in seeking greener pastures since in all interviews the documentary evidence is highly regarded. This makes the employees have a feeling of being taken care of in terms of the career advancement.

Thirdly, the employees are not in mood of leaving a given firm because their needs are well taken care of by the training programs. Thus this ensures job stability of the employees since they are very loyal to the employer and the business. Also it is evident that after effective training the employees become happy and more satisfied with their jobs. This greatly reduces the likelihood of employees leaving or resigning their duties.

Finally, the employees gains new skills which enable them to be in a position to handle various responsibilities in their work place. Also the new skills acquire makes the staff perform their work effectively (Jacouwski, 2010, p. 1). The training programs enables the employees to be efficient and accurate a fact which highly motivates them. This leads to high productivity of the staff and thus the firm at large.

Value and benefit to customer Training of the employees is of critical value and benefit to the existing and potential customers of the firm. First, the consistent excellent service delivery by well trained staff is highly regarded by the customers. This is because the firm is in a position to retain well talented staff for a very long period of time.

We will write a custom Essay on The value and benefit of training employees specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The retained staff is able to identify existing and new customers and ensure that customers are always better served every time they show up (Reh, 2002, p. 1). This makes the firm to be in a position to retain existing customers for a long time and also establish new ones. Secondly, the customers are in a position to enjoy service delivery which is professional. In this case the employees are train on how to explain some services to customers and also listening to the customers issues.

This makes the customer have a lot of trust to the employees and the entire firm. Finally, the customers are always pleased with fast and efficient service delivery offered by the trained employees (Kunkel, 2005, p. 1). This is as a result of self confidence developed by the staff out of new skills acquired during training.

Conclusion It is very evident from the above that training instills some virtues such as listing, communication and being an educator to the employees. These virtues are very critical to the effective service delivery in any given firm. The training programs for employees are usually a big asset in the firm and should at no given time be seen as liabilities. Here we have looked at the value and benefit of training employees to the employer, employees and to the customers.

Referencing List Jacouwski, T. (2010). The benefits of employee development. Web.

Kunkel, D. (2005). Train for success. Web.

McNamara, C. (2008). Employee training and development: reasons and benefit. Web.

Reh, F. (2002). Cross training employees. Web.

Sigma, S. (2010). The benefits of employee development. Web.

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Please use the links I have provided to answer the following questions below in the paper. This class is college essay help

Please use the links I have provided to answer the following questions below in the paper. This class is about Urban economics.

Look at the 2020 census data on cities and metro areas. Compare Philadelphia with other large cities. And look for YOUR home or favorite city, too.

1. Compare population growth rates for 2010-2020. Can you identify any common characteristics of the fastest growing cities?

2. Which cities have the highest population density? What characteristics do they have in common?

3. Look at the list of the 10 largest cities in the US in 1900 (note—before the automobile and air-conditioning!), and compare to today. Identify three things that you find interesting about that 1900 list when compared to 2020, and comment on them —what do you think happened?

4. Come up with 5 topics that you can discuss about Houston, Texas urban life and write a paper about.



The Concept of Androgyny and Its Benefits in the Society Report (Assessment) college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Introduction Social psychology is the study of the influence of the genuine, obscure, and the anticipated presence of an individual on the emotions, contemplations, and actions of another. This essay highlights the concept of androgyny and its benefits in the society, and describes situations where an androgynous individual might be suited than either a masculine or feminine individual.

The term Androgyny is derived from two Greek terms, Andras (man) and Gyne (woman). Therefore, an Androgynous individual is endowed with the female and male characteristic traits. Being an Androgyne in today’s society is difficult because one is viewed as an outcast.

If people had a better understanding of what androgyny really is, they might not be so quick to judge. An androgyne is a person who exhibits traits, which are both masculine and feminine. These traits could be either physical or mental or even both. The society should be blamed for assuming that the male and female groups are the only genders.

Some of these beliefs are attributed to the influence of the western culture, which disregards the existence of Androgynous individuals in the society. However, in other cultures, the situation is a little different. Gender is not a choice to be made because it is part of what and who individuals are in various societies. Therefore, there is the need to accept the existence of more than two genders in the society and live with that fact in mind.

Society would be functional and better if more people were androgynous rather than being either masculine or feminine because they have a different perspective towards life. They are able to see things from both male and female perspectives. This benefits the society in the sense that they can perform duties from both sides, and this helps to save labor, time that the society cannot afford mainly because their characteristic traits have no gender value (Bem 114).

There are no specific situations where an androgynous individual might be better suited than either a masculine or a feminine individual (Bem 115). Bern (115) notes that a person has to be either feminine or masculine but not both. It all depends on the situational appropriateness of various behaviors. Individuals are limited in the range of behaviors available to them as they move from one situation to another.

The Bern Sex Inventory theory distinguishes the sex typed person as someone who has internalized society’s sex typed standards of desirable behavior for men and women and these characteristics were selected as masculine or feminine based on sex typed social desirability. Masculine males are thus good in situations that call for instrumental orientation focusing on getting the job done.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since the BSRI was designed to measure the extent to which a person divorces himself from those characteristics that might be considered appropriate for the opposite sex, masculinity and femininity scales were used to determine situations that someone is only capable of masculine behaviors.

A personality characteristic qualified as masculine if both males and females in both samples independently judged it. The masculine sex role represented rejection of female attributes and it is here that masculine behaviors are more appropriate (Bem 116).

Feminine females are good in settings where concern for the feelings of others is important. Similarly, a personality characteristic qualified as feminine if both males and females judged it to be significantly more desirable for a woman than for a man.

Feminine behaviors were appropriate when the females rejected men attributes. Females are known to be more expressive and are more concerned with the welfare of others. In such situations where the community is involved, they tend to be part of it. Females are more concerned with the society as a whole because they believe that it is within their reach (Bem 116).

Some images that are shown by the media can make some individuals to appreciate what they see rather than what is real. Research studies indicate that when an individual is obsessed with the attractive images, there is the possibility that one will loose the psychological attachment with others in the society.

This is because one tends to think that there is a variety of people out there and this makes one to lack the appreciation of what one has and desire what is attractive in other people. In the case of men, exhibiting visions of beautiful women, this can make them to think that their partners are less physically attractive and this can lead to divorce and separation. The images can make people to imagine that there are numerous attractive people in the world apart from those near them (Levine 157).

A pool of alternatives gives the perception that one cannot settle when there are great people out there. Even when it is well known that the women on magazines cover are supermodels, some people still adore them in the sense that they will end up dressing like them. This is one way of not appreciating who one really is and what one really has but instead desire to be like others in the world of dreams.

We will write a custom Assessment on The Concept of Androgyny and Its Benefits in the Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The ultimate implication of the influence of the media on different individuals is that it destabilizes marriage besides making many young men to stay unmarried for long. They prefer staying single blaming the media of their infatuation with the young and beautiful images it displays everywhere. A research carried out by Kanazawa found out that most divorce cases happen because one or the other spouse is dissatisfied with their mate (Levine 159).

Conclusion In conclusion, androgynous individuals should be accepted in the society since they are also human beings and the only difference is their characteristic traits. Whether one is gay, transsexual or Androgynous, it is imperative that the society accords them the freedom they deserve whenever and wherever.

Works Cited Bem, Sandra L. The Measurement of Psychological Androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42(1974): 155-62.

Levine, Michael. Why I Hate Beauty. Psychology Today. July 2001. 19 August, 2010 .


Ethics in Design Essay scholarship essay help

Basically, ethics can be defined as the branch of philosophy that deals with the moral principles of a person with respect to the appropriateness and wrongness of particular measures and to the goodness and badness of the intentions and ends of such measures. These rules of conduct are usually acknowledged in respect to a particular class, group, culture, organization or profession.

Every profession as well as organization usually has its own fixed ethical principles which are typically in regard to the mode of operation, the effects of the products or services offered and in the association with clients and stakeholders. Ethics in the workplace of any profession helps in ensuring that a strong moral compass is maintained when there is conflict and confusion in times of crisis.[1]

As in other professions, maintenance of professional ethics is required in the design profession. Professional ethics are referred to as the ethical issues that usually come up because of the proficient knowledge that the professional have achieved and the ways in which this knowledge should be administered during the provision of the specific service to consumers.

Since the professional has obtained more superior instruction in a specific field as compared to the average people, he/she is competent in making and operating on informed information and thus is seen to carry extra moral responsibilities.[2]

A person with this kind of added and superior knowledge is more often than not, accorded more authority and power and the clients often place their confidence on the professional with the belief that the services provided to them will either be of assistance to them or bring profits.

It is therefore relatively possible for a professional to misuse the authority he/she has and take advantage of the clients’ lack of understanding. To avert such client exploitation as well as safeguard the integrity of the profession, there are codes of practice, which all specialists must follow, enforced in nearly all professions.[3]

Generally, there are fundamental principles which constitute the basic make up of a principal. The first principle in the ethical practices of design is founded on the client’s needs and states that any and every action should be first and foremost, client centered. Every designer should make sure that their practice places the customer’s interests before their own.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This means that a professional designer should adjust to the client’s standards in terms of business and design but staying within the confines of professional responsibility and the context of the professional duty. In relation to this, a designer is expected to avoid working simultaneously on assignments that are bound to create a conflict of interest without the consent of the clients concerned. The only exemption is in the case where there is a principle in that trade for a designer to work at the same time for several competitors.[4]

Another basic principle is founded on equality and diversity. Every professional, while practicing should ensure that he/she is promoting as well as demonstrating a commitment to equality and diversity. A designer should ensure that he/she is maximizing the life chances of all the service or products consumers.[5]

Therefore a designer should not in any chance, refuse to offer services to a client based on any kind of discrimination of race, tribe, gender, nationality, religion or social and educational status. Conversely, a professional designer should be underpinned by an obligation to encourage diversity and equal opportunity for all people and wherever there is an opportunity, to rectify the impact of educational and social drawbacks.[6]

Impartiality is another elementary principle in ethical practices of most professionals including in design. This principle states that a professional, designer or otherwise, must make sure that the delivery of any information, recommendation or guidance services should be duly unbiased. In order to attain this therefore, a designer is expected to make clear anything that limits or creates a barrier to their professional knowledge or other things that are in the framework in which they function that may lead to bias or favoritism.

A designer should give a client full and sufficient information about the range of options that are available so that the client has a chance to make a definite and knowledgeable decision. Any design organization should also make its stance on impartiality clear while creating its code of ethics so as to avoid any misconceptions, as well as indicate any constrictions that may limit the variety of options they put before service users.[7]

In addition, there is the principle of confidentiality which is paramount in any codes of ethics of any profession. In this case, the client’s confidentiality is put at the forefront and should be treated essentially with respect. A design professional should make a clear commitment of their intent on confidentiality and should inform their clients at the earliest time possible on anything that may cause limitation to confidentiality.

herefore, every designer is expected to treat any work pertaining to a client with confidentiality and should avoid divulging any of the information in any manner. In this case, that would include the work that is presently in progress preceding the completion of a project as well as any knowledge of the intentions of a client, and details in relation to the work. A professional designer should also make sure that other staff members act accordingly and uphold discretion in their work.

We will write a custom Essay on Ethics in Design specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It should also be made apparent to everyone in the personnel staff that the delivery of a service should be done with respect for the privacy of the client and disclosing any information should only be done with informed consent with the exception of situations that create serious risk to the welfare of the individual or other people involved.[8]

However, even with these basic principles put in place, there is a need to instill them in the minds of the professionals and staff members in a working environment. Clearly outlining the principles does not necessary guarantee that the employees will follow them as required and thus the need for an ethics implementation program.

Presence of an implementation program ensures that the involved members are inspired to put the ethical principles into use and generally reflects on the professions integrity, character and beliefs. First and foremost, it is important to make sure that the principal body appointed to create the code of ethics has a genuine commitment to the ethics initiative and is willing to devote enough financial resources in the development and maintenance of the program.[9]

This way, there will be no slacking in its implementation and progression due to lack of resources. It is also important to assign a single senior supervisor to concentrate only on the implementation of this program. He should be able to visit all organizations whose work entails design and revise and record on the implementation of the code of ethics. He should then keep records, do follow ups and most importantly report directly to the chairman of the program board on the day-to-day aspects of the program.[10]

An independent assessment of the current ethical climate in the profession should also be done through interviews, focus groups and anonymous written surveys. This will make it possible to compare the existing codes to those of the up to date and well working programs used in other professions and accordingly make alterations where needed. It would also be encouraging to professionals to create an open ended helpline in which designers can seek for guidance and direction in relation to the ethics principles.

This should also include a reporting system whereby individuals can present ethical concerns or violation reports. Publicizing the ethics program throughout the profession and encouraging organizations to adopt it would go a long way in its implementation. In addition, the ethics program board should make a point of reviewing the agenda and principles at least one or twice a year.[11]

Bibliography Brenner, Steven N, “Ethics Programs and Their Dimensions”. Journal of Business Ethics, 11, no 4 (1992): 391-399.

Dean, Peter J. “Making Codes of Ethics ‘Real’.” Journal of Business Ethics, 11, no 6 (1992): 285-290.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Ethics in Design by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Ferrell, Fraedrich


Coca-Cola Company Marketing Dynamics Essay best essay help

Introduction The efficacy in the marketing of a company’s products has largely determined the success of large and medium sized companies in terms of brand visibility, sales and the profitability in the medium and long term. In essence, the managers must understand and integrate the principles of marketing in tandem with the dynamics in the external environment if they are to achieve positive results (Pride


The Evolution of the Personal Computer and the Internet Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Personal Computers

Tim Berners-Lee


Usability Engineering

Beating around the Bush


Usability Issues



It can be argued that the preceding century was the beginning of the Information Age. It can be described as such because of two technological breakthroughs – the invention of the personal computer and the Internet. These two technologies combined, brought another milestone when it came to man his desire to improve the way he leverages technology, specifically the ability to communicate long distances.

The telegraph, radio, and television were considered major breakthroughs in this field but no one was prepared for the coming of the personal computers and the Internet. These two technologies combined produced another ground breaking innovation which is the World-Wide-Web and the creation of a web page and a website. The following is a discussion on the evolution of the personal computer and the Internet from its humble beginnings and how the website became a potent application of Information Technology.

Personal Computers It all began with computers and as the name suggests it is a machine that is expected to make computations beyond the capability of humans or at least crunch a great deal of numerical information that requires a high level of consistency and accuracy.

Using this basic definition then the humble scientific calculator can also be described as a basic example of what a computer is all about. But for the purpose of this study a computer is an equipment of considerable size that was used primarily by the government to perform complex tasks. In the early days a typical computer can be as large as the average person’s bedroom. Truly, there is a huge difference comparing it to the desktops and laptops of the 21st century.

From the very beginning only governments can afford these sophisticated machines up until inventors, enthusiasts and entrepreneurs worked together, either as a team or in direct competition with each other to produce what will be known as the personal computer. A computer that does not have to occupy the whole living room but powerful enough to perform computations faster than even the most brilliant mathematician or the most conscientious student.

However, without the creation of the World-Wide-Web and the webpage the computer will continue to be an expensive toy, affordable only for those who have money to spare.

And it would have remained to be so considering that there are still alternative ways to produce that report or assignment, there is always the trusted old typewriter that can be pulled out from storage and with rudimentary skills in typing a student or a professional can still fulfill those requirements. But when people began to access the Internet and use websites, Information Technology took a decisive turn and as historians would love to put it: the world was never the same again.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Tim Berners-Lee Before going any further it is important to understand the difference between the Internet, the World-Wide-Web, a webpage and a website. All of these can be explained succinctly using the following definition:

The World-Wide-Web is an infrastructure of information distributed among thousands of computers across the world and the software by which that information is accessed. The Web relies on underlying networks, especially the Internet, as the vehicle to exchange the information among users. (Dale


“The Storm” by Kate Chopin Essay best college essay help

The story’s backdrop is a storm that was about to pummel a small town. But the meat of the story is contained in the storm within the hearts of two lead characters – a man and a woman. In order to be more specific, it must be made clear that they are both married but not to each other. Calixta was the wife of Bobinot and Alcee was the husband of Clarisse. Calixta and Alcee knew each other a long time ago but as Chopin had pointed out they were now considered strangers after each went their separate ways and with their own families.

But it seems that Calixta and Alcee could not wipe away the memories of those years gone by when both were attracted to each other. And now, when the storm was about to hit, Calixta’s home was about to become like a garden and Alcee will come in like a snake tempting her and she will give in to that temptation but only until the storm is above them, when it is gone so will the storm within.

There are many critics who find no problem in describing what happened within Calixta’s home and how she succumbed to temptation. They focused on the words used by the author and made comments regarding its daring and it was too advanced for her time (Ward, p.89).

Candace Ward, one of those who studied Chopin up close had the same verdict but just like many others she too find it difficult to explain without a shadow of doubt that indeed Calixta will continue with the affair. It is true that she gave in to her desire and invited Alcee in to his heart but it can also be said that it was a fleeting moment.

The author of this short story, Kate Chopin seems to have the same conclusion because at the end of the short piece she wrote that after the passing of the storm everyone was happy. On the other hand this can be interpreted to mean another thing and it is the happiness experienced by two adulterers who happen to make a connection because of the storm.

Thus, this “happiness” has different shades of meaning (Chopin, par.5). It is different from the point of view of Bobinot the husband of Calixta because he was happy that his family is safe. It is also different from the point of view of Alcee because after the storm had passed it has been clear to him that he needed to see Calixta once again and this helps explains his letter to his wife to extend her vacation for a month or so.

Calixta’s happiness is more difficult to analyze. She is happy for her husband and child’s safe return after the storm. She is happy being reacquainted with Alcee. But she could also be happy that the storm has ended so that Alcee could now go away. Now, whether she wanted Alcee back or not is something not easy to determine. One thing is clear; Alcee will try to find another way back to her heart.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion When the storm clouds gathered and the dark skies warned of imminent danger, people with wisdom tried to stay indoors. But Alcee ventured into the home of his former lover Calixta. And when she unwittingly allowed her to come into her abode she was not fully aware of what can happen next.

Alcee tempted her by holding her close and provided protection when her husband was away. Calixta gave in like Eve who took a bite from the forbidden fruit. But it was Alcee who was ensnared, Calixta seems to forget what happened after the storm and everyone was happy. Alcee on the other hand was happy for another reason for he knew that he has a chance to sneak back into the heart of Calixta.

Works Cited Chopin, Kate. “The Storm.” Accessed from

Ward, Candace. Great Short Stories by American Women. New York: Dover Publications, 1996.


Discrimination, Prejudice and Racism in the United States Essay best essay help: best essay help

1. The society is portrayed as a greatly unjust arena, where someone’s skin color bears his or her credentials. As observed by Dr. King, rampant inequality had infiltrated all spheres of society; furthermore, it targets the minority people of color. They were barred from carrying out specialized jobs, due to the perception that they were unqualified.

A significant majority were of them was hence restricted to service as unskilled workforce. Dr. King employs the analogy of a blank check in reference to broken promises and unfulfilled dreams. He then shares hi vision with the people, where he envisions an equal and just society. This is a society that will allow children all children to associate freely and provide a level playing ground for all, regardless of their heritage (Berry, Reynoso, Cruz


Emerging Issues in Tourism Analytical Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Introduction Background of the study

The tourism industry is one of the largest and most dynamic industries in the world that drives the economies of many countries. Generally, the industry has largest economic output compared to the agricultural, forestry, fishing, mining, and the communication industries.

In this regard, it has the highest growth rates and relatively high volumes of foreign currency. It has also recorded growth in terms of fresh administration and enlightening experiences in the last few decades. All these changes have made the industry to contribute positively to the economic, cultural and social development of many countries.

This has been mostly experienced in western countries such as Austria, France, and Switzerland. Recent studies indicate that, the industry contributes to about 10% of the world’s revenue, besides employing one out of ten workers in the world (Dwyer et al. 2003, p. 1). Despite many countries tending to consider the positive aspects of the industry, many studies indicate that it has both positive and negative effects on the economy, society, culture and the environment.

The tourism industry has a range of economic effects. It has both primary and secondary benefits on many sectors. The primary effects of tourism are felt by the restaurants, lodgings, the retail trade, and the transportation sectors. On the other hand, the secondary effects affect the employment rates, incomes, and sales in many economic sectors of a country.

For instance, in the 2000/01 tourism economic impact analysis in Australia, it is indicated that the industry created $ 23.3 billion in revenues for the New South Wales State. Of the total incomes, $ 6.4 billion were from the international visitors. In the same state, the industry employs about 5.3% of workers, besides being larger than the agricultural, electricity, Government Administration, and recreational industries among many more (Dwyer et al. 2003, p. 1).

Generally, the industry leads to changes in prices, the quality and quantities of goods and services, and property taxes among other taxes. On the other hand, the negative economic effects of tourism are also numerous. Due to the economic interdependencies created by the industry, it influences the economic costs of the local communities in terms of tourism infrastructure, tourism businesses, congestion, and the increased taxes meant to generate more revenue for planning, growth and development of tourism.

As with the economic activities, the tourism industry exerts many cultural effects on many communities. The cultural benefits of tourism are dependent on the native communities because their perception of tourism development will impact the way a community values and sustain its cultural activities or otherwise (Dwyer et al. 2003, p. 3).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Tourism development should encourage the development of the community’s existing characteristics instead of striving to attain standards of other tourism destinations. In this way, the industry contributes to development of a sense of cultural pride when visitors tour the local communities; create an interface for cultural exchange both internationally and locally in addition to creating awareness and generating funds for preservation, conservation and transmission of the local traditions and cultural identity.

On the other hand, tourism can lead to unrestrained, untenable and massed activities that erode the cultural diversity of many communities. These include thrashing of privacy and interruption of the daily lives of the locals, which eventually lead to loss of cultural identities (Honey 2008, p. 23).

Further, tourism can influence the social activities and relations of many communities in different ways. The social benefits of tourism arise from those activities that promote understanding, appreciation, awareness, tolerance, and learning among other activities.

These activities include, promoting self-respect among the locals and visitors, limiting the cultural stereotypes and unconstructive perceptions amongst the two groups, and development of constructive attitudes towards one another, among other activities. However, tourism activities may give rise to many negative outcomes such as distrust, increased tension, and unfriendliness between the visitors and the local communities or between the local communities themselves (Honey 2008, p. 27).

Another relatively important aspect of tourism involves its impact on the environment. This is because the interaction between tourism and the environment can be very complex. The perceived benefits of tourism include construction of aesthetic constructions such as airports, resorts, restaurants, shops, hotels, and other general infrastructure.

On the other hand, tourism can affect the environment negatively when the level of environmental utilization exceeds its ability and sustainability. Therefore, the tourist activities can lead to pollution and depletion of natural resources such as water resources, energy, land, and food resources among others. However, with the emergence of ecotourism, there has been increased awareness on the importance of environmental conservation relative to tourism development (Buckley 2000, p.661).

Sustainable or Eco/nature tourism involves responsible tourist activities in destinations that are easily destroyable, untouched and preserved so as to lower the impact of traditional tourism (Buckley 2000, p. 661). Through Ecotourism, the tourists are educated on the importance of conserving the environment in addition to providing funds for conservation of the local tourist destinations.

We will write a custom Essay on Emerging Issues in Tourism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This essay critically evaluates the emerging issues in sustainable tourism or eco/nature tourism in Sydney, Australia, which has proven to be one of the top ten most visited tourist destinations. It further looks at the problems facing the development of the tourism industry in addition to giving the most probable solutions to these problems. It also provides recommendations on the most probable ways of curtailing the rising barriers and issues in tourism development.

Sustainable Tourism or Ecotourism in Sydney, Australia Sustainable tourism aims at promoting personal growth and education, local cultures, volunteering, and wilderness explorations through traveling to tourist destinations that are preserved and where the local heritage and cultures are the main focus of tourism development (Buckley 2000, p. 665). In this regard, sustainable tourism leads to reduction of the negative impacts of traditional tourism, conservation, and transmission of the cultural identity of the natives.

The initiatives of this form of tourism are undertaken by a variety of stakeholders notably, the hospitability providers, who are involved in the process of evaluating the ecological and cultural factors related to the tourism industry. In addition, the stakeholders are involved in other activities that are aimed at promoting waste recycling, energy efficiency in most of the tourism-related activities, and re-use of water (Barkin 2002, p. 245).

Further, the industry is centered at creating economic environments that sustain the financial needs of the local communities affected by the tourist activities. Formulation and implementation of the policies of ecotourism are undertaken by professionals from a variety of fields such as marine biology, environmental sciences, historians, wildlife management, archaeology, and oceanography among others.

Furthermore, the ecotourism sector is regarded as one of the most growing sectors within the tourism business making Sydney one of the fast growing green cities in the world. According to a study conducted by the World Tourism Organization (WTO), the ecotourism sector experiences a growth rate of 5% annually thereby, generating about 6% of the world revenues and about 11.4% of the total customer spending (Dwyer et al. 2003, p. 3).

The significance of Sustainable Tourism in Sydney, Australia With the ever-changing and toughening environmental regulations and demands from both the government and the communities, there is the need to move from the conventional forms of tourism to a more sustainable form such as ecotourism.

Besides, there is the need for the tourism industry to provide its consumers with avenues where they can benefit from and discover the innate, chronological, and the artistic attributes of various exceptional destinations. In addition, the industry will need to safeguard the integrity of these unique destinations on top of promoting the economic growth and development of the local communities (Tuohino and Hynonen 2001, p. 21).

Through making such observations, the city council of Sydney and the Australian government has developed programs such as Tourism Australia (TA), Indigenous Tourism Australia (ITA), and Business Events Australia (BEA), which aim at providing guidance and ground-breaking strategies for the sustainable development of ecotourism. Implementation of these programs has made Sydney the first city in Australia to achieve carbon neutrality.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Emerging Issues in Tourism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The programs draw professionals from many fields and sectors such as the tourism operators, state and government regulatory agencies, and the associations affiliated to the tourism industry. These professionals have come up with a strategic plan known as Sustainable Sydney 2030, which lays down the principles that should be enacted by the industry players in developing ecotourism, besides attracting huge numbers of foreign and local tourists (Discussion paper 2007, p. 1).

The strategic plan recognizes the uniqueness of the local communities’ connection with the land to be used for tourism development, the history, and culture of the local communities.

Therefore, there is the need to incorporate the city residents in planning for tourism development through involving them in mutual ventures, ownership of projects, and their active involvement in the implementation of policies (Discussion paper 2007, p. 2). This can be achieved through programs that encourage employment, training and involvement of the natives in the management of the tourism development projects.

In the same line, it was imperative that the plan provided avenues whereby the residents could observe promote and preserve their cultural uniqueness and legacy in order to diversify the city’s tourism practices. Through this program, the future of the city residents is brought to the present in that, those affected by the tourist activities are given the opportunity to establish expertise, industry appreciativeness, and industry capacities for future economic development (Discussion paper 2007, p. 4).

Furthermore, the plan is designed to provide equal benefits for the locals relative to visitors and other industry players. These benefits are considered in terms of social interactions meant to promote cross-cultural appreciation, tolerance and enlightenment.

Finally, through incorporation of the city residents, committed partnerships, NGOs, the government agencies, and other stakeholders in the tourism industry, the program is projected to bear numerous benefits, in terms of promoting the welfare of the residents and the city in general. Therefore, it is important that the tourism industry respects and upholds the cultural, land, and environmental attributes of the tourist sites before implementing any plans on tourism development.

Problems facing the Development of Ecotourism in Sydney, Australia Despite that the sector of ecotourism promises a variety of long term cultural, environmental and economic benefits, a number of activities perceived to be problems affect the transformation from conventional tourism to ecotourism. For instance, the city of Sydney and most South Australian cities are facing numerous problems related to development and management of programs aimed at promoting the implementation of ecotourism policies among a host others.

Some of these problems are related to the divergence in perceptions of the whole program (Discussion Paper 2002, p. 1). Many environmentalists are of the idea that ecotourism should involve programs that are nature-oriented, managed sustainably, conservation-based and environmentally sensitive. On the other hand, the government and other industry players are focused at the end product of the implemented policies thereby, making ecotourism equivalent to any other form of tourism such as conventional tourism.

In that respect, ecotourism presents new negative effects relative to conventional tourism thereby slowing its development in many aspects. For instance, ecotourism is one of the fastest growing sectors in the tourism industry projecting a growth rate of about 10-15% per annum in most Australian cities (Discussion Paper 2002, p. 1).

The standards that define this sector include its advocacy for low impact tourist activities, education-oriented, cultural and ecological sensitivity, and the equal distribution of resources between all industry players. Many of these standards are not fulfilled or they are totally ignored in some cases.

Some of the negative effects of ecotourism include the mass displacement of people from their native land without compensation, violation of human rights, and increased environmental degradation associated with the increased number of tourist activities.

A lot of capital and human resource is being wasted in the development of ecotourism, which has shown unsuccessful returns over the years. Additionally, other critics of the program have noted that a lot of public funds are being injected into campaigns meant to derail the general public from the negative outcomes and criticism linked to ecotourism (Wight 2009, p. 3).

Furthermore, ecotourism contributes to a variety of environmental effects directly. In many parts of Sydney and the world where the ecotourism programs have been implemented, the conservation ideals associated to its operations have failed to take effect. Many critics argue that the operations have been more of consumer-based rather than environment-oriented.

They further argue that the conservation claims are meant to encourage further economic gains (Discussion Paper 2002, p.2). Some of the problems cited in this case are those related to the increased number of visitors and activities that demand the expansion of the general infrastructure thereby leading to pollution and degradation of natural resources and population pressures.

The increased number of people also leaves behind large quantities of garbage, besides consuming large quantities of non-renewable energy resources in ferrying the ecotourists to various locations. The ecotourism activities also lead to disturbance of the flora and fauna of tourist sites in that the nature hikes created by the tourists are detrimental to the ecosystem. Therefore, Ecotourism just like conventional tourism leads to depletion of environmental resources, displacement of people, and disruption of cultures.

Furthermore, ecotourism has suffered low city resident’s support and mismanagement in Sydney and many South Australian cities. In a study conducted to measure the level of acceptance for tourism activities in Sydney, many residents felt that tourism development could only be accepted if it was genuine and if it mirrored the local people’s values.

The management of ecotourism is entrusted on the government, which like in any other environment-oriented projects has failed to implement the conservation ideals that are provided by the proponents and policies of ecotourism (Discussion Paper 2002, p. 3).

Solutions to the Problems facing the Development of Sustainable Tourism Since the implementation of ecotourism policies by key industry players have failed to uphold environmental conservation standards, there is the need to create regulatory and accreditation bodies to check the activities of ecotourism companies.

The regulation and accreditation standards should be based on the need to categorize and discriminate companies on the basis of their commitment to sustaining and preserving the environment (Buckley 2000, p. 668). In this respect, the accreditation and regulatory agencies should be committed towards developing procedures that govern the regulatory process.

The bodies need to draw membership from different fields such as the government, travel agencies, airlines, tour guide agencies, and local authorities among others. The criterion for assessment of the company’s conformity with the standards should be based on the environmental management plan in place, the accrued economic benefits for the natives, the extent of community education and training, and the environmental impact created by the company.

Other solutions to the problems identified include provision of guidance and educational programs to ecotourists and the local community at large. This can be achieved through considering the root causes of their activities on the environment such as littering and nature hikes.

Finally, since most of the ecotourism projects are owned and run by large-scale international companies that cause many problems to the locals and the environment, there is the need to encourage development of small-scale, slow growth and local-based corporations to manage ecotourism activities (Barkin 2002, p. 248).

The Suitability of the Proposed Solutions The above mentioned solutions and sustainability programs are suitable for addressing the existing problems. For instance, the accreditation and regulatory bodies will serve to control the level of activities of the global companies owning business interests on the land owned by the locals.

The education and guidance programs will in turn create awareness amongst the ecotourists on the importance of conserving the environments and sites that they visit in order to safeguard the interests of the local communities and the environment at large. Finally, through limitation of the activities of large-scale external or international corporations that engage in environmentally unsustainable activities, the local communities will be given an opportunity to safeguard their environment, besides obtaining benefits of tourism within their locales.

Recommendations Ecotourism, as it can be noted from the above discussions is a crucial program/initiative that can benefit the local communities affected by tourist activities and the nation in general. However, it can lead to detrimental effects on the environment and the local communities if poorly implemented and mismanaged.

Therefore, in order to ensure positive benefits from the development of ecotourism, there is the need to develop and implement policies that work in line with the principles that underlie ecotourism. In line with the principles of ecotourism, it is hereby recommended that:

The importance or the uniqueness of land and other natural resources to the local communities should come first in planning for ecotourism development projects.

Project-planning should encourage the incorporation of the local communities in joint ventures, business ownership, and business management

The local communities should be given the opportunity to establish their skills, industry know-how, and business opportunities relative to the development of ecotourism to allow for their future economic empowerment

The importance of the environment to the natives and the nation should not be overlooked or ignored during the project-planning and implementation stages

Summary and Conclusions The essay has provided an in-depth account of conventional tourism and its impact on the economy, culture, society and the environment. As noted from the above discussions, tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world, accounting for most of the world revenues and employment when compared to other sectors such as agriculture, electricity, and mining.

The economic positive impacts of tourism can be divided into primary benefits and secondary benefits. The primary benefits are felt directly by the hotels, restaurants, retail businesses, travel agencies among others. On the other hand, the secondary benefits go to the governments, local authorities, and other regulatory agencies in terms of taxes.

However, tourism can also have negative impacts on the economy through increased taxes and costs that are incurred in developing businesses and general infrastructure to cater for the interests of tourists. The cultural impact of tourism can be both positive and negative in that it affects the culture of the local communities positively through preservation, conservation, and transmission of the cultural identity from one generation to another.

On the other hand, tourism affects culture negatively through activities meant to attain international standards of catering, which erode the local cultural attributes. Further, tourism affects the society both positively and negatively. The positive benefits of tourism on the society include promotion of cross-cultural interactions, tolerance and self-respect amongst the visitors and the natives.

However, tourism can also lead to hostility, aggression and distrust amongst the visitors and the natives. The environmental effects of tourism are numerous in that it contributes to construction of aesthetic general infrastructures, which also contributes to economic gains on one hand or negative effects on the other. The negative effects of tourism on the environment include pollution and degradation of the natural resources among others.

Furthermore, the essay looks at the emerging issues in sustainable tourism or ecotourism in the city of Sydney. Additionally, it looks at the significance of the sustainability of ecotourism in the city. Further discussions provide the barriers/problems that are facing the current development of ecotourism in Sydney and the world in general.

In the same line, the possible solutions to these problems are provided in addition to evaluating their suitability in dealing with the current problems. From the discussions, it can be noted that ecotourism is a fast growing sector in the tourism industry, with the aim of providing aesthetic cultural and environmental features to visitors, while preserving the environment and the cultural identity of the locals, besides giving back to the community the benefits accrued from tourist activities on their land.

Sydney has taken a foot forward in encouraging the sustainability of ecotourism through implementing strategic plans such as the Sustainable Sydney 2030, which is aimed at promoting and protecting local interests in tourism, in addition to ensuring that the greatest benefits obtained from tourist activities go to the city residents.

Reference List Barkin, D. (2002) Ecotourism for sustainable regional development. Current Issues in Tourism, 5(3), 245-253.

Buckley, R. (2000) Research note: a framework for ecotourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 21(3), 661-669.

Dwyer et al. (2003) The New South Wales State tourism satellite account for 2000-01: University of NSW, Australia Website. [online]. Web.

Honey, M. (2008) Ecotourism and sustainable development: who owns paradise? 3rd edition. Washington DC, Island Press.

Indigenous Tourism Australia (2007) National Strategy for Indigenous Tourism 2007 – 2012. [online]. Indigenous Tourism Australia. Available from:

South Australian Tourism Commission Resource Centre (2002) Sustainable tourism development in regional South Australia. [online]. South Australian Tourism Commission. Available from:

Tuohino and Hynonen, A. (2001) Ecotourism-imagery and reality: reflections and Wight, practices in Finnish rural tourism. Nordia Geographical Publications, 30(4), 21-34.

Wright, P. A. (2009) Ecotourism, ethics or eco-sell. Journal of Travel Research, 31(3), 3-9.


Interpersonal and Organisational Negotiation Report (Assessment) essay help site:edu

Interdependence in negotiation The concept of interdependence is unavoidable in everyday life of both human beings and organizations. Organizations depend on each other in the course of their running either economically, socially or politically and this defines the level of their interdependence. Interdependence is an important approach in negotiation as it makes negotiation effective. In the case of negotiation, two parties are in conflict or there is conflict of interest between them.

They have interlocking goals that they may not be able to achieve independently. The nature of interdependence will determine the type and outcome of negotiations which could either be win-win or win lose. For example in the case of bank customer relationship, a customer may be looking for a loan facility in order to buy a building. The bank depends on the customers to earn interest and the customer on the bank to finance the project.

Integrative negotiation Integrative negotiation is a strategy where both parties involved in the negotiation strike a bargain to ensure that they achieve their goals in a win-win solution (Anderson, 2010, 1).

Steps in integrative negotiation

Problem identification and definition. While entering into a negotiation both parties should maximize on identifying the hindrances in an open mind by gathering the necessary information without manipulation to avoid any inconveniences (Howard, 1982, 8). The problem should be well defined on neutral grounds.

Maintaining the problem statement. The problem should not be attached to other linkages that may cause interference in solving the problem and therefore clear guidelines on issues at hand should always be maintained without loosing the focus.

Prioritizing the problem as a goal and find any obstacle attached to it. In defining the problem, any hindrances should be identified and dealt with accordingly.

The other step is to come up with an alternative solution and finally select the appropriate solution from the alternatives. The bank customer relationship is a good example.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Planning for negotiation Planning is very important in negotiation because it will enable the parties involved to be able to organize for meeting and discuss on the issues. Since negotiation is a process, planning on the steps to follow is crucial.

The first step in planning for negotiation strategy is to create a list of wants to address the issue at hand. Then determine the starting point and the conclusion point of your negotiation. The other step is to plan on how to deal with the opposition to every proposal that you make. Then list the benefits you expect from the other party. Finally set the scene where the negotiation is going to take place.

Distributive bargaining Distributive bargaining is opposite of integrative negotiation and parties tries to divide up the disputed interests instead of making the most of it (Howard, 1982, 8). It involves a win lose situation because one party has to lose for the other one to gain or one get less while the other one gains more.

The tactic used is for one party to have more negotiators that the other party so that the other party gives in to defeat. The problem is not discussed on an equal basis but one party outsmarts the other in negotiation. For instance, the government increases taxes in order to improve the economic performance. The tax payers lose while the government at large wins.

Reference List Anderson, J., 2010. The accidental negotiator: how to make win-win work for you all the Time. Available from

Howard, R., 1982. The Art and Science of Negotiation. UK: Harvard University Press.


Hospitality and tourism strategic planning Essay online essay help: online essay help

Introduction A strategy is an action plan that a given organization comes up with to achieve its business goals. This is based so on how different engagements will be linked together to achieve success (Berry, 1995, p. 7). A good strategy helps the organization in achieving unrivalled growth that enhances sales, profitability and market leadership in the long run.

Strategic management is supposed to assist in decision making that will enhance the achievement of long term objectives (Heskett, 1986, p.12). In other words, strategic management is the only way that an organizations goals, missions and visions are specified mostly in programs and projects so that the set objectives are fully achieved. In the course of embarking on strategic management, resources are supposed to be well allocated to help in achieving the set programs and projects.

After programs and projects have been set, there should be a scoreboard that will be used in evaluating if the anticipated targets have been achieved (Kotter, 1982, p.9). Strategic management more so provides the overall direction that an organization should take in a bid to ensure that there is unrivaled success. Those in the management level are supposed to come up with good tactics that will enhance the achievement of the set goals.

This is necessary because a proper framework on how this will be achieved will ultimately be enhanced (Gladwell, 2000, p. 6). It will only be consistent when those actions go in line with what the management expects to get as a result of this process. For a strategic management to be effective and achieve what it was set to, it must follow a process that will enhance this. This is because it is an ongoing process that will have a long term effect on the business and industry as a whole.

Steps Develop strategy ,vision and mission

This is the first step in a strategic management process as there is need to develop a strategy, vision and mission that will give direction on how the whole process will be undertaken. This will ultimately guide and give a roadmap that makes its execution easy (Christensen, 1997, p. 13). The strategy should be in line with the short term and long term objectives. The mission will explain the role that the industry is likely to play in the market. With this in mind it will be easy to achieve the set objectives.

Analyze the internal and external environment

It is important to do an analysis of the environment under which the strategy will be carried out (Hamel, 2002, p. 5). The environment plays an important role in determining if the strategies will be successful as planned. It is vital that both the internal and external environments be looked at to know where to improve on and achieve the set objectives.

In this case, there is need to do a self evaluation so that the internal environment is well understood (Gladwell, 2000, p. 4). To cater for the external environment, competitor analysis should be done to know what to expect. This is also necessary in telling whether the strategies will be successful.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Refine options and choices

Obviously one should have options and in the process make choices in coming up with good strategies in strategic management (Traverso, 2000, p. 15). This is necessary in coming up with the best alternatives that will work in favor of the industry. In refining options, it will be easy to look at the various weaknesses that each option has. After this has been done it will be easy to choose the best amongst the various options.


A plan is necessary in giving a road map that the whole process will undertake. This will provide details on how the set objectives will be achieved (Cokins, 2004, p. 17). The plan will keep the whole process of strategic management organized. This will help in knowing what to do next as the plan stipulates. In the process they will be ahead of time in implementing strategies. This is necessary for success in the long run.


After all this has been done it is necessary to implement what is set out in the plan. It is only through implementation that one can tell if the whole process will be successful. Implementation will be done systematically so that all the steps are carried out as this is necessary for success (Lynch, 2009, p. 17). Proper implementation will lay a good ground for strategic management. In addition, it is only through implementation that the management will be able to know the hurdles that have to be overcome in carrying out strategies.


Evaluation helps in measuring the effectiveness of the strategy that had been put in place. This is in terms of telling if what had been set out was ultimately achieved (Morgen, 2003, p. 17). Proper evaluation can be done by looking at the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in place. On the other hand, evaluation can be assessed on how suitable the strategy was in achieving its objectives. Feasibility is necessary to tell if the resources were enough in successful implementation of the strategy.

Importance of strategic management in a hospitality business

The hospitality industry needs to have a strategic management process. Strategic planning lies in the value of planning ahead of time so that the industry can perform well. This is because in event that they fail to plan they are planning to fail (Heskett, 1986, p. 9). The industry needs to have a strategic management process for unity, direction and a sense of identity in achieving business goals. Strategic management will help the industry to achieve their organizational goals in an efficient and effective manner.

This is because there is a mission and vision that need to be attained in both the short term and long term. The industry is ultimately continuing to grow and needs direction. With strategic management in place the industry will be able to come up with more complex management structures that are necessary to facilitate its growth and development (Cokins, 2004, p. 13). This can be effectively done with a well laid out plan that has a future outlook.

For the industry to communicate in one voice it needs to have a good strategic management outlook (Christensen, 1997, p. 9). This is necessary in ensuring that the environment that they operate in is favorable to sustain the businesses. The industry is interlinked in many ways and needs to communicate in one voice in a bid to reinforce their position in the market.

We will write a custom Essay on Hospitality and tourism strategic planning specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is also necessary as it helps in decision making as there will be well laid down avenues for efficiency (Kotter, 1982, p. 7). Decisions that are made will help in reassessment and implementation of changes that will positively transform the industry in a broad perspective. In addition, the management from various players in the industry will have an opportunity of accessing their performance.

Discussion Hospitality firm

Compass group has grown from a small UK firm to be become one of the worlds leading contract caterer. The company has been growing from 1991 when its value was £250 million (Compass group, 2010, p. 2). It was formed in 1987 after a management buyout. Later on, in 1988 the company was able to float its shares on the London stock exchange market. 1992 saw it launch a client-driven driven strategy. This focused on subsidiaries and food service branding.

The company was able to enter into the US market by acquiring canteen vending. In a bid to grow further it acquired SHRM of France. 2005 saw the company yet in another management buyout in European in-flight catering operations (Compass group, 2010, p. 4). Ever since 2005, the company has been increasing its market position by acquiring other firms and engaging in business strategic moves.

It has a mission in ensuring that it delivers superior services in the most appropriate way. This will be done in the interests of customers, shareholders and employees. Through this, the company believes that it will be able to achieve what it wants to be in the industry. Compass has a vision of being a world class provider of contract catering services (Compass group, 2010, p. 3).

In achieving this, the company has laid out good strategies for service provision with an emphasis on results. This is set to give it a good market outlook as a company that cares for its customers as a whole.

Current strategic effort

To become a world class leader in the provision of food and support services the company has some strategic outlook. Currently the firm has a strategic effort in place for sustainability. Its strategic effort is in setting high standards for responsible business practices (Compass group, 2010, p. 12).

This is in terms of business conduct that involves safety, health and environmental practices. The company plans to be a low cost and efficient service provider to give it a good market outlook. In addition, the company seeks to develop the existing expertise and strength in contract food services.

Environmental elements

The company operates in many markets and as a matter of fact is exposed to different business environments. Internally, it has put in place the right management practices to ensure that its employees play an important role in delivering business goals and objectives (Compass group, 2010, p. 5). That is why they value the diversity and individuality that each employee brings in the company.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Hospitality and tourism strategic planning by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More More so, it operates in an environment of trust which has cultivated good management practices in the group. Through proper management of assets entrusted to them by investors, the company has ensured that it generates active rates of returns. By doing this, the company has always received support from investors in all its expansion strategies.

The external environment has played a role in shaping how the company carries out its activities (Compass group, 2010, p. 6). This environment is important in determining the overall success of its global ventures. Compass has respected the legal frameworks (in countries it operates) by abiding to them. Although there have been some legal constraints, it has soberly engaged governments in ensuring that there is a level playing field.

There have been some economic factors that the company has faced in executing its operations (Compass group, 2010, p. 6). Different countries have different rates of economic growth and the company has factored these in its expansion plans. Exchange rates have varied; this has affected its revenues in a broad way. The company has a good conversion mechanism in place for continued sustainability.

Social relations have been well analyzed by contributing positively to the communities that the company operates in (Compass group, 2010, p. 10). In a more definitive role, the company respects traditions and cultures of the countries it operates in. Whenever the company has had conflicts in relation to this, employees have been well guided on the right code of conduct.

Because technology has been changing, the company has ensured that it conforms to be best technological ways of carrying out its business (Compass group, 2010, p. 8). This has been in all perspectives that business should be carried out for efficiency. Technology should be embraced because failure to do so may end up being costly.

The company has been committed to doing business in an environmentally friendly manner (Compass group, 2010, p. 15). This has been by setting standards on waste reduction, recycling and conservation. It has strived as much as possible to minimize environmental impacts as a result of its operations.

Weakness and threats of the company

There are many weaknesses that the company is exposed to as it strives to continue operating favorably in the market. These weaknesses are very critical for the company to achieve its set goals and targets. The company has been facing a declining market share in the sector and industry as a whole (Compass group, 2010, p. 10). On the other hand, the company has a limited operating margin. Another weakness is that it has a limited liquidity position in place (Compass group, 2010, p. 5).

In addition to these weaknesses, the company has also faced some threats in the course of doing business. The US economic slowdown is a threat to the company’s business. Political stability and regulations have also been seen as a threat to the success (Compass group, 2010, p. 9). A shift in the eating preferences of consumers has also been a threat.


In a bid to ensure that these weaknesses and threats do not interfere with the company’s performance it has come up with the right strategies to correct this.

To correct its declining market share the company has been involved in extensive customer research to know the changing tastes and preferences in the market (Compass group, 2010, p. 22). This has been achieved through proper research and development to ensure that it doesn’t loose its market share. It has also increased its product base to include untapped markets that it did not cover before.

To correct operating margin and liquidity problems the company has had a strategy of turning to investors to finance its operations like expansion programs. It has also reviewed its business activities and operations in a bid to ensure that it returns maximum profitability for effective operations.

The US economic slowdown has affected business as it forms an integral part of its market. As the US economy is slowly picking up it has decided to diversify to other markets. It has mainly focused on acquisitions in the Asian market because it has many opportunities in the hospitality industry (Compass group, 2010, p. 17).

Some countries have had political instability and this has affected its business. In addition, some regulations have also had an impact on its operations. In cases where a country becomes politically unstable for long, the company has opted to end its operations and move to another peaceful country (Compass group, 2010, p. 5). To ensure that regulations are favorable for business it has always negotiated with the government and various industry players to reach an amicable solution and conclusion.

Eating preferences have also been changing and the company has invested a lot in customers care to know what customers want. This has enabled them to serve these customers well depending on what their preferences (Compass group, 2010, p. 21). In the long run, it has innovated new tastes that have helped to serve different tastes.

Results after these strategies were implemented

Implementation of these strategies has helped the company improve on its performance. This is because the company has achieved a 0.9% revenue growth in the first quarter of 2010 (from £6,927m in 2009 to £7,104m in 2009). Operating profit has on the other hand increased by 10% to £504 million from £455 in 2009 (Compass group, 2010, p. 23).

After having problems with operating margin this was corrected and the company has seen a 50 basis point increase in its underlying margin. This was from 6.5% in 2009 to 7.0% in 2010 (Compass group, 2010, p. 24). Free cash flow has also increased by 46% to £354million.This has been achieved despite the challenging economic times that have continued to be manifested over time.

What has led to these results?

These results have been achieved because of a good strategic outlook that was put in place by the management to ensure that the company continues growing on a good profitability path (Compass group, 2010, p. 26). The group has maintained a good operational discipline that has generated momentum in profitability in recent years. It has also used infill acquisitions to ensure that it covers a wide market area.

On the other hand, there has been a significant growth in the food and support services market. The management has relentlessly focused on efficiency as a way of improving its performance and results. The company came up with its own MAP program that has given it a framework to deliver new business (Compass group, 2010, p. 9). With good strategies in place it has won new contracts like Wells Fargo in the US and Deutsche Postbank in Germany. MAP program as their strategy has driven consistent performance across the group.

Opinion Yes

These strategies have been effective in ensuring that the company moves ahead as its performance has continued to grow consistently. Revenue has grown by 0.9% meaning that its market share has grown consistently (Compass group, 2010, p. 23). It came up with a good program that it has used to ensure sustainability. Strategic management theory has a plan of ensuring that the set objectives and goals are planned well to achieve results and this is what the company has undertaken to be where it is.

The company has involved shareholders/investors in coming up with the right decisions that have made it acquire new businesses in other markets thereby increasing its market position. Strategic decision making has enabled it to gain a competitive advantage over other competitors in the market. Through strategic management the company has come up with the right direction to follow in executing its operations.

Conclusion Challenges

There are many challenges of strategic management in hospitality. The first major challenge has been the overestimation of resource competence. Processes put in place to handle the new strategies have in most occasions not been able to handle this. For instance, the process of implementing the company’s MAP program has not been open enough to take off as the management had anticipated in the first place.

This has been manifested from failure to develop new employee and management skills that are necessary to ensure that this strategy achieves its objective as set out in the strategic plan. There has been resistance and reluctance from employees more so in cases where the new strategy is not well explained to them. The hospitality industry relies so much on customer care and experience and in cases where employees are not involved in strategy formulation, they have not been able to participate in its implementation as expected.

Challenges that Compass will be facing in the near future

Compass is involved in contract catering and providing food to the education sector that has specific responsibilities that the company needs to meet. This is a challenge that the company needs to take care of for it to succeed in the highly competitive contract catering market.

Another challenge is the ever changing market dynamics in relation to tastes and preferences. Customers are more informed of their needs and will always demand for new experiences. In addition, the company is involved in so many sectors with many operating companies. This can be challenging in coordination of its activities.

Recommendations to these challenges

These challenges need to be dealt with for the company to continue enjoying unrivalled growth. To deal with many responsibilities from the education sector, the company should develop a healthy diet and good eating habits by involving all stakeholders. This will be achieved through provision of information and promotional activities focusing on a school approach.

Because customers are more informed about their tastes and preferences, the company needs to be innovative in increasing its product range through extensive market research to know what customers want. This means that the group will have to invest in research and development with a good strategic plan in place.

To solve the problem of coordinating its ventures, the company needs to develop an action plan that will help in management and continual monitoring of progress. This should be done against agreed key performance indicators. Monthly monitoring will be necessary for comparison and business review.

Reference List Berry, L. 1995. On Great Service. New York: Free Press.

Christensen, C. 1997. The Innovator’s Dilemma. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Cokins, G. 2004. Performance Management: Finding the Missing Pieces (to Close the Intelligence Gap). UK: Routledge.

Compass Group. 2010. Performance highlights. [Online] Web.

Gladwell, M. 2000. The Tipping Point. New York: Little Brown.

Hamel, G. 2002. Leading the Revolution. New York: Penguin Books.

Heskett, J. 1986. Managing in the Service Economy. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Kotter, J. 1982. The general manager. New York: Free Press.

Lynch, R. 2009. Strategic Management. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Morgen, W. 2003. Fifty key figures in management‎. UK: Routledge

Traverso, D. 2000. Outsmarting Goliath. Princeton: Bloomberg Press.


The daily life of the ancient Maya Research Paper a level english language essay help

Introduction The Maya are people otherwise known as Mesoamericans. Long time ago, the people of Maya inhabited large cities and urban centers in the Central America; in fact, it is recorded that at a certain point in time, the Maya people had approximately a thousand cities. They used to live in rainforests and mountains; the region that are currently known as Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The Maya people also inhabited northern part of Belize and some regions of southern Mexico.

The Maya of today still inhabit the same regions; however, the large cities no longer exist. From 300 A.D to 800 A.D, the people of Maya considered as a great nation and constituted individuals who were both traders and farmers. Besides, they had a lot o building talents which they utilized in constructing beautiful and attractive temples and pyramids (Sharer