Table of Contents Introduction
Ethical Objections to Capitalism
Introduction Capitalism is a type of economic organization or an economic system that describes how people are related. Some essential features of capitalism include accumulation of industrial capital, private ownership of the means of production, and a free market system. Although capitalism has been criticized by some scholars, it is considered by some to be a moral system that is capable of solving the resource allocation problem.
Ethical Objections to Capitalism In my opinion, one of the most serious ethical objections to capitalism is its unjustness that leads to the exploitation of workers by robbing them of the products of their labor. It thus denies and corrupts human dignity and fails to promote fairness. To proponents of capitalism, however, there is a more important moral perspective from this criticism can be viewed. As an example, Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) are considered greedy simply because they are highly compensated at the expense of other employees.
Advocates of capitalism are opposed to this allegation and are convinced that it is not morally correct to conclude that highly paid CEOs are greedier than most people. Rather than meeting these objections directly by supporting or refuting them, it is more instructive to determine how compensation ought to be set by identifying the relevant ethical principles in the pay setting process.
Another serious ethical objection to capitalism has to do with environmental destruction. Recently, there have been concerns about the damage is being caused to the environment by human activities. Although capitalism has been blamed for causing so much destruction to the environment, it has been proposed as a solution to environmental problems. To a capitalist, natural resources are either owned as private property, or they are assets to be used by all.
However, when resources are left as property for all, every individual tends to maximize his or her use of the resources without regard for others. Among other things, this leads to the depletion of natural resources as everyone tries to benefit as much as possible. According to proponents of capitalism, it is critical to privatize natural resources so as to preserve them. Once privatized, the use of these resources will be determined by an owner who, because of the exchange value of the resources, will be interested in preserving them.
Private property and free markets are therefore provided as answers to preservation of the environment. In addition, it is assumed that the market value of the environment can only be realized once the environment is destroyed. Often times, minerals and trees do not have market unless they are mined or cut down. Considering that we all have a major responsibility of preserving the environment for future generations, this argument is not convincing enough.
There are, however, many moral objections to this relationship between capitalism and the environment. One such objection is that the propensity of property owners to preserve the environment applies only to those aspects of the environment, called resources, which have market value. Where there are no perceived benefits, property owners may not be interested.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion Regardless of how much is done to support capitalism as a way of life, it is quite obvious that capitalism only leads to more harm than good. It may, however, be helpful to create a more powerful system by taking the strengths of different economic systems.
Obama and Romney’s plans for higher education Essay essay help online: essay help online
Summary on President Obama and Romney’s plans for higher education President Obama has proposed to spend more on higher education within the next 4 years. He focuses to increase the spending by 2.5% above the current budget. This raises the prospected education spending by 69.8 million dollars. This is a great offer according to the current economic status of the United States.
Obama’s focus is based on establishing new financial incentives that would help in supporting higher education institutions. In addition, he is also asking for billions of dollars to support some of colleges and universities facing financial instability. As a democrat, he would like to boost both the private and public sectors of economy to enhance financial provisions for higher education.
On the other hand, Romney plans to reduce higher education spending rate by applying various policies within the learning institutions. Some of these policies are based on the financial expenditure of the learning institutions.
According to Romney, limiting the federal dollar cost will minimize the budgetary costs of various institutions. Romney’s plans are based on limiting public expenditures while boosting the private sector. He also suggests that the banking policy should be changed so as to allow room for student lending. This can help in boosting institutions of higher learning.
Personal Opinion on the matter Education is a critical provision for the growth of any country. The two aspirants have considerable plans for higher education systems in the United States despite their political differences. Obama has stronger plans compared to those of Romney. Romney plans to reduce the cost of a dollar in the federal government while boosting the private sectors of the government.
This can be detrimental to the higher educational sector. This can negatively affect the economic status of the United States. On the other hand, Obama plans to balance costs both from the private and public sectors of the government. This will enhance financial stability for higher education advancements.
One of the Romney’s plans seems to favor the higher education sector in the U.S. For instance, students will be offered bank loans to sort out their educational problems. This will create conducive environment for learning since all the learning materials will be availed to students.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Concurrently, Obama’s plans for the next four years will really boost institutions of higher education. Fundamentally, they will not only enjoy the increase in spending but also low cost of learning materials and activities. This is a considerable provision when scrutinized critically in the realms of education. It is important to spend wisely in the education sector. This can be enhanced by setting priorities right.
Research in any learning institution needs a lot of capital and once this is subsidized within the next four years, the quality of education will have been enhanced leading to production of skilled individuals in the society. Such people can perform their task to perfection. Obama is also determined in ensuring that job opportunities are created to intelligent students after completing their higher education.
This will help in curbing/reducing the crime rate in the United States. According to him, crimes are committed by idlers who are frustrated in life after completing their studies and cannot find jobs. Actually, this is the only way of making a living. The plans presented by President Obama are viable since they will advance higher education institutions within the next four years.
Sales Promotion Techniques: Checking for the Variety of Baits. What Makes a Good Promotion Strategy Essay college essay help near me
Introduction: Targets and Best Buy Open the Hunting Season It goes without saying that selling a product without a decent promotion strategy is practically impossible. It is only a specific technique that will help a product become recognized and be quite popular. Analyzing some of the pictures of products, one can possibly define the strategies used and estimate the success of the latter.
The Pictures Classification: Consumer Promotion Techniques in Action Sampling: everything is free
Offering free samples is rather popular practice. In the analyzed pictures, EverCreme (“FREE”) is offered as a free sample.
Couponing: get a special discount
Another smart way to boost sales, couponing is used by Listerine Ultraclean (“Save 15% now!”) with the line on the package saying “Detach here for instant saving at checkout”.
Premiums: only here and now
Premiums are quite a peculiar means to sell more goods for what might seem to the clients as ridiculous price. A striking example of such strategy is Sony (“99.99 (Reg. $119.99)”).
Contests: win a T-shirt
Rather simple, yet surprisingly efficient, the given strategy creates the impression of “free lunch,” yet with no obvious traps. The labels using this tactics are: Bud Light (“Win team gear, tickets, Super Bowl trips”) and Kellogg’s (“Win $200 in grocery cash daily”).
Bonus packs: take two for one
Quite frequently used., the idea of selling two or more packages of certain goods is obvious in the pictures with Neutrogena (“Twin pack 25% value”), Bounty Paper towels (“33% more sheets”), Gatorade (“When you purchase any two (2) Gatorade”, “Or purchase the bottle for $5.99”), Seagrams (“Buy tow to get one free”), Sunkist (“2/$7.00”), and Nicki Minaj’s album (“Contains Pink Friday Roman Reloaded Deluxe CD
Discipline Counselling in Human Resource Management Case Study college admission essay help: college admission essay help
John Doe appears to be a hardworking individual who has been distracted by the joy that comes with becoming a new father. This is because his records of success have been consistent until he became a father. He has been commended severally for his exceptional skills in marketing. However, he has recently underperformed in the workplace and this has captured the attention of his boss and the company’s CEO.
The CEO seems to be furious and has decided to meet John for a discussion before he can decide what disciplinary action to take. As the Human Resource Manager of the company, I intend to come up with a suitable solution to the problem. This is because the human resource manager is responsible for the facilitation of performance reviews and ensuring that the employees’ performance meets a certain standard in the job description.
It is evident that the CEO has displayed a lot of emotion towards the issue. Therefore, a third party is required to intervene. I believe that an individual in the human resource department would handle the situation better. This is because John’s situation requires disciplinary counselling rather than discipline (punishment) itself.
The specific aspects of John’s performance and conduct that have been identified should be addressed in such a way as to establish a win-win situation (Dannells
How Natural Disasters Affect the Economy Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Natural disasters on macroeconomic variables
Natural disasters and natural resources
Effect of natural disasters on physical capital accrual
Effect of natural disaster on human capital accumulation
Effect of natural disasters on technology
Introduction In May 2008, a destructive earthquake hit Sichuan Province in China causing an apocalyptic damage. The mountaintops were reduced to valleys, several buildings collapsed throughout the cities, and more than 80,000 people lost their lives. This incident confirms that natural disasters still influence how people live.
Natural disasters are causing countries to lose millions of dollars in destructions as well as thousands of citizens who lose their lives yearly. Undoubtedly, natural disasters directly disrupt the economy either on the long-term basis or just shortly. This disruption may be positive or negative depending on how the relevant authorities handle the issue and subsequent disasters.
The nature of a disaster that a country witnesses also plays a significant role in determining how it affects the nation; for instance, geographical tragedies often have more negative impact than climatic tragedies. Countries have no control over the aftermath of a disaster, but if they have good disaster preparation mechanisms, they can manage the impact. This paper will discuss how natural affect the economy through macroeconomic variables.
Natural disasters on macroeconomic variables Natural tragedies affect different economic elements that assist in defining how the disasters have affected the economy. These variables include natural resources, physical and human capita accrual, as well as technology. All these variables normally have varied impact on an economy, which implies that the impact of natural tragedies in the end can either be positive or negative (Skidmore and Toya 664-687).
Natural disasters and natural resources The occurrence of natural disasters has a direct impact on a nation’s natural resources. Tornados among other storms can damage a massive stretch of forest. In 2003, “North Carolina lost $550 million worth of timber following the devastating effects of Hurricane Isabel” (Popp 65).
yclones cause soil erosion that result to soil infertility after topsoil has been removed, which consequently has a detrimental effect on agricultural yields (Benson and Clay 1-34). Though artificial fertilizers can be used in place of the eroded soil, this means an additional expense to the farmer.
The damage of crops as well as loss of livestock after a tragedy can temporarily reduce agricultural yields, hence affecting the supply of primary products and basic commodities in a country. Moreover, tourism that relies on natural features and wonders is likely to be affected. In 2005, The Tropical Storm Delta shattered Tenerife’s main tourist attraction site, a rock popularly referred to as El Dedo de Dios, and since then, Tenerife had struggled with reduced income in the tourism sector (Kim 11-49).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, natural resources are not always damaged because of natural catastrophes; at times nature gains from disastrous events. For instance, floods bring sediments to flood plains, which increase soil fertility, and thus escalate agricultural yields. Volcanic eruptions provide ash that supplements the soil.
Nonetheless, farmers do not gain instantly from disasters. Tourism can also gain from natural disaster; for instance, Hawaii earns a lot of income from its docile volcanoes, which are key tourist attraction sites (Kim 11-49). Past disasters have also created tourist sites such as the Crater Lake in Oregon that came has a result of a volcanic eruption.
A tragedy that does not cause a tremendous damage to the environment, but brings a permanent benefit to the society may enhance the natural resources of a state. The beneficial effects of natural catastrophes on natural resources always boost the economy of a country on a long-term basis. The impact of natural tragedies on natural resources relies largely on the nature of the country as well as the context under which it occurs. However, its effects are not utterly disastrous.
Effect of natural disasters on physical capital accrual The accrual of physical capital plays a pivotal role in the growth of an economy. Physical capital enables people to become more productive even in the absence of tools. A realistic measure of physical capital is always necessary in an economy because the growth of an economy depends on the output of every individual. Natural catastrophes destroy physical capital. The alteration in the number of physical capital depends on actions that are taken soon after the disaster has occurred.
Countries often attempt to reconstruct the physical capital. However, challenges like bureaucratic hurdles, dishonesty, as well as truncated rates of insurance can prevent or lower the momentum of rebuilding physical capital. If nations rebuild physical capital, tragedies have a positive impact on its accumulation; however, if the institutions responsible for managing the disasters are ineffective, the physical capital accrual may decrease (Skidmore and Toya 664-687).
Pragmatic evidence reveals that the outcome of catastrophes on physical capital is negative in case there is an association between the two. However, the relationship between the two is normally weak because of the presence of human capital accumulation (Kim 11-49). The escalation of human capital accrual after a natural catastrophe may raise physical capital. Eventually, these events may lead to a rise in physical capital accrual.
Effect of natural disaster on human capital accumulation The accrual of human capital is usually beneficial to the economy. In case the technology used in the physical capital is complicated, it is wise to invest in the human capital since it normally results to higher output. Natural disasters reduce human capital accrual in numerous ways. When a natural disaster causes an extensive demise of workers, it minimizes the rate of human capital accumulation, and eventually derails economic growth.
We will write a custom Essay on How Natural Disasters Affect the Economy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, cautioning people who reside in areas vulnerable to disaster can manage this aspect (Skidmore and Toya 664-687). Another way that natural catastrophes alter human capital accrual is through damaging education structures. If universities and colleges are toppled by natural tragedies, the country will lose potential people who would have improved the labor force. Furthermore, if the government is unable to rebuild the destroyed structures, then the effect becomes austere.
Disasters that have ascetic negative impact on the economy can also lower the labor force in subsequent years because underprivileged families may be forced to stop educating their children who could probably have been productive in providing labor. Human capital directly affects economic growth; therefore, reduction in the labor force supply affects the speed of economic development negatively (Kim 11-49).
Effect of natural disasters on technology A country with good technology with adequate physical capital increases productivity given that the labor force can handle the novel technology. The economy improves as the rate of productivity increases. The outcomes of natural disasters normally include the damage of physical capital as well as infrastructure (Kim 11-49).
The government can take advantage of the destruction and use it as an opportunity to reconstruct the country using the latest technology. Approximating the degree of technology used in an economy is a challenging exertion, which is examined by determining the association between the natural tragedies and total factor productivity. This element measures the output of work as well as capital, and thus estimates the degree of technology.
Using this method, it is evident that natural disasters improve the state of technology in a nation. However, for a natural disaster to cause the improvement of technology, the government must be able and willing to supplant the capital that was lost when the catastrophe occurred (Skidmore and Toya 664-687).
Nonetheless, disasters such as droughts have no impact on the macroeconomic variables. They do not damage physical capital and hence, cannot alter the level of technology in an economy. In industrialized countries, droughts rarely threaten the lives of the citizens. Droughts mainly affect agriculture due to lack of water, but established nations can handle its initial stages.
However, in developing countries, the impact of drought is drastic since the majority of such countries rely on agriculture. The growth of the economy in poor nations is derailed because of their reliance in agriculture. Drought causes famine, which eventually brings significant alterations in the economy (Kim 11-49).
Conclusion Natural disasters unquestionably affect the economy both positively and negatively. Though the negative effects can be felt immediately, its positive impacts are on a long-term basis.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How Natural Disasters Affect the Economy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For instance, apart from the detrimental effect of Sichuan earthquake, Chinese government asserted that the earthquake had stirred economic growth through the massive reconstruction initiatives. It is evident that natural tragedies can also benefit a country, but its negative effects are more drastic. Therefore, every country should create institutions and enact policies that can help in managing natural disasters.
Works Cited Benson, Charlotte, and Edward Clay. “Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of Natural Disasters.” Disaster Risk Management Series 4.4 (2004): 1-134. Print.
Kim, Chul-Kyu. “The Effects of Natural Disasters on Long-Run Economic Growth.” Michigan Journal of Business 4.1 (2011): 11-49. Print.
Popp, Aaron. The effects of Natural disasters on long run growth, 2006. Web.
Skidmore, Mark, and Hideki Toya. “Do Natural Disasters Promote Long-Run Growth?” Economic Inquiry 40.4 (2002): 664-687. Print.
International Marketing Essay college essay help online
Introduction International marketing refers to a method of promotion designed to capture global markets and exploit commercial prospects in other nations. Promotion strategy adopted by an organization depends on the features of the countries targeted by the company. International marketing entails all processes of promotion that include performance of market research, development of a campaign strategy, determination of the target group and analysis of sales results.
A significant facet of international marketing is the effects of differences in cultures, languages and other environmental conditions on a company’s products (The Times 100, 2012). These conditions affect how products appeal to different people in diverse regions.
Promotion environment consists of factors external to an organization. These external factors affect promotion strategies that organizations use. Organizations cannot control these factors.
However, companies can influence some of the factors to their advantage. Some of the external factors that have influence on companies’ promotion strategies include population, economic features and political processes (The Times 100, 2012). On the other hand, there exist factors that companies can control to improve their competitive advantages. These include technological prowess and competitive conditions among others. Globalization has forced companies to compete internationally.
Marketers have to ensure that they understand factors that affect the competitiveness of their companies in different countries. Therefore, they must scan the markets that they operate in and develop effective promotion strategies. This paper compares the effects of environmental factors on marketing strategies used by Vodafone in India and Kenya.
Company Background Vodafone is a leading international brand worldwide. It is positioned as the eleventh largest telecommunications organization in the world and second in the European region. The company has its headquarters in the United Kingdom and operates in numerous countries (Celtnet Telecommunications Companies, 2012).
The company operates in different countries via its subsidiaries. In India, the company operated under the brands Vodafone India and Hutchison Essar. Currently, it operates as Vodafone Essar in India. Through the subsidiary, the company controls the telecommunications market in India. In Kenya, it operates under Safaricom as its subsidiary. Safaricom is the leading telecommunications company in Kenya (Krause, 2008).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It provides pre and post-paid services and sells different handsets. It offers high quality mobile services in Kenya. Moreover, it is a creative and successful advertiser and marketer (Celtnet Telecommunications Companies, 2012). The company has also created employment opportunities for Kenyans. It provides Kenyans with business opportunities through its mobile money transfer services.
Social Environment Social environment in India and Kenya affects the promotion strategies that Vodafone uses. Social environment comprise conditions linked to groups of people in the society. It includes factors such as the population, behavior patterns, beliefs and practices.
A change in the social environment determines the marketing strategies that a company uses (Vitullo-Martin, 1997). A social environmental change has the potential to increase or reduce the size of a market. Notably, a change in the social environment directs consumers’ behavior and preferences.
Demographic environment is the magnitude, distribution and increase of segments of individuals with diverse characteristics. International marketers normally consider the behavior patterns of countries. They consider the age groups, poverty levels, cultures and household organizations. India has an extremely large population (Vitullo-Martin, 1997). Vodafone serves approximately 35 million people in India currently.
The total population of India is approximately 1.2 billion people (Kumar, 2010). This creates growth opportunities for the company. The marketing strategies that it uses in the country aim at increasing the customer base since there exists untapped market. It is predicted that the country’s population will increase to 2.6 billion by 2050. This further creates opportunity to increase business activities in India. The company uses aggressive advertisements and provides more value added services to capture untapped market.
However, in Kenya, the company uses a different promotion strategy. Kenya has a total population of about 40 million people. Safaricom has a customer base of about 5 million people. The company faces stiff competition from other service providers like Telcom Kenya and Airtel.
However, it is the leading telecommunications company in Kenya. The marketing strategies of the company in Kenya aim assisting the organization to maintain leadership in the market due to the low population and stiff competition. It engages in aggressive advertisements and price wars. Additionally, it offers value added services to different segments of the market.
We will write a custom Essay on International Marketing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The other demographic feature that Vodafone considers in the two countries is poverty. The two countries have high poverty levels. Many people in India and Kenya cannot afford some of the services that Vodafone offers.
However, India’s large population presents opportunities for growth despite the existence of high poverty levels. Vodafone provides low-cost handsets in India. Through the provision of low-cost handsets, the company increases its sales through massive distribution (Wang
Radiation Therapy for Testicular Cancer Research Paper essay help online: essay help online
Introduction Radiation therapy is common in treatment for cancerous tumors in their early stages of development. The action of the radiation beam focused on a tumor is effective in the locality of the specific tumor alone. The radiation kills cancerous cells in the specific area (Verville 2).
If the tumor or cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body, they may not be killed by the radiation therapy. For this reason, radiation treatment for any cancerous cells is only effective as a cure when all the cancerous cells are located in one area of the body. This is common for most cases of testicular cancer, which affects men.
Histology Of Testicular Cancer Most testicular cancers are a result of cancerous germ cells. Majority of cases of testicular cancer feature the development of seminomous testicular cancer (Verville 4). It is easy to treat this type of cancer using radiation therapy. This therapy is used as one of the many therapies that are used to treat the cancer.
Radiation therapy is a more effective therapy for seminomous testicular cancer than for non-seminomatous cancer. The cancerous cells in seminomous testicular cancer are easily eliminated, while the cells in non-seminomatous cancer are not easily killed by radiation doses used for cancer treatment (Verville 7).
Stage-One Seminoma The manner in which radiation is used to treat testicular cancer depends on the level of development of the cancerous tissue. If the cancer is localized in the testes, it is known as stage-one seminoma. This type of cancer can be treated with removal of the testes together with the cancerous tissue.
A mild dose of radiation is then used to kill any cancerous cells that may have spread from the locality of the testes to the tissue around and within the pelvis. Radiation may not be required for treatment of most stage-one seminomas.
However, radiation therapy is used as a precaution since there is a small but definite possibility of presence of cancerous cells in the adjacent tissue. Surgical removal of the testes and the cancerous tissue is usually a sufficient cure for this type of cancer when it is accompanied by close post-operation monitoring (Verville 8).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The post-operation surveillance of the patient may continue for a range of a few years to a decade. In addition, the intensity of examination of the patient and the frequency with which examination is performed decrease with time. Radiation therapy is normally applied to the tissue in the para-aortic region (Verville 15). However, to reduce the radiation effect, radiation therapy is sometimes applied to the tissue within pelvic regions alone.
Stage-Two Seminoma When the cancerous cells have spread to the tissue surrounding the testes, the cancer is known as stage-two seminoma. At this stage, the cancer may have spread to the tissue in the pelvis and the lymph nodes. However, the cancer is considered a stage-two-B seminoma only when the considerable cancerous tissue has grown in the lymph nodes and a stage-two-A seminoma when a small amount of cancerous tissue has grown in the lymph nodes.
The stage one-A cancer is easier to treat with radiation and surgery (Verville 25). The exposure to radiation during this treatment is greater than the exposure used for treatment of a stage-one seminoma. On the other hand, patients with stage-two-B seminoma have lower chances of survival. Less than ninety-five percent of the patients survive this type of cancer when treated with radiation alone.
Cancerous tissue usually develops in other parts of the body after treatment with radiation therapy. In most cases, chemotherapy is used instead of radiation. Further treatment with radiation therapy may be required if the cancer persists after treatment with chemotherapy. However, only a small number of patients fail to heal after undergoing chemotherapy (Verville 31).
Stage-Three Seminoma When the cancer spreads to other tissue in other parts of the body other than the pelvic region, it is known as a stage-three seminoma. Radiation therapy alone is not effective for this type of cancer. This is because the cancerous cells are not localized in the testes. Application of radiation therapy in all the affected parts of the body could be lethal due the high dose of radiation. It is also difficult to establish the expected effectiveness of such treatment. Thus, chemotherapy is primarily used for treatment of stage-three seminoma (Verville 37). Radiation may be applied in the localities that develop cancerous tissue.
Non-Seminomatous Testicular Cancer Non-seminomatous testicular cancer exhibits an inherent variation of the cancerous cells in all patients. In addition, the cancerous cells are difficult to kill using radiation therapy. Thus, radiation therapy is not used as a primary method of treatment of this cancer (Verville 19).
Radiation Therapy And Procedure The kind of radiation used to kill the cancer cells is usually modified to minimize its effect on non-cancerous cells. The radiation beam is usually focused on the affected area and it penetrates normal tissue with little side effect. However, the radiation beam kills the cancerous cells, which may be embedded deep in the body.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Radiation Therapy for Testicular Cancer specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The technology used to deliver the radiation has significantly improved since it was first used. Modern equipment is able to focus the radiation beams on specific tissue with high precision. Although the radiation passes through skin and other tissue, burns are not likely to occur as they usually did before development of modern equipment (Washington
Chapter Review: The Epic First Voyage Essay college admissions essay help
The chapter under analysis introduces the details of the formation of Vasco da Gama’s first trip to India. It traces the progress of expedition from the African coast to the Cape of Good Hope in late 1497. The focus of the chapter is made on Da Gama’s relations with the indigenous population of South Africa, as well as the difficulties the explorer faced while invading Swahili coast in 1948, particularly the prevalence of the Muslim world.
In particular, Da Gama had to resist the attack of the local sultan on the Portuguese fleet. The final destination of the traveler was Malindi, the place where Da Gama had to gain experience in navigating the fleet to India across the Arabian Sea. While describing the details of the journey, the chapter points out the way the Portuguese fleet under the auspices of Vasco da Gama confronted different cultures, religions, and societies in the pursuit of new scientific and technological discoveries.
From the very beginning, the author introduces the detailed description of ships that were chosen for the trip. Specific attention was given to the preparations made by the Bartolommeo Dias who ensured the comfort, seaworthiness, and space for Vasca Da Gama and his crew.
The choice of the emblem and flagship was also an important issue for the trip and the chapters provides a detailed account of this process. There are many other preliminary processes and preparations that are described in the chapter to emphasize the essence of da Gama’s readiness to discover new lands and possibility for economic and commercial development in his country.
Further deliberations in the chapter are dedicated to the challenges that the Portuguese crew faced while dealing with the Arabian and Indian indigenous population.
Within this context, the author describes the first encounters of da Gama’s crew with African tribes: “The Khoikhoi had also learned to forge metals, and, beginning about 1300m they had then spread south to the Cape region usually in individual clan organizations numbering in the hundreds that may been part of largely loosely structure political groups” ( Ames 28-29).
Although the voyagers were not concerned much with customs and traditions of the indigenous population, they were still involved in cultural interaction through commercial activities. The main objects of trade were honey, spices, copper, and gold. Apart from Khoikhoi, da Gama and his crew also had an interesting experience in establishing relations with Nguni tribes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Detailed overview of the Da Gama voyages, as well as their encounters with the African tribes, reflects the author’s main themes and topics examined in the book. In particular, the author attains much importance to the analysis of cultural interaction between the European and the African people.
More importantly, the detailed description of their experiences also reveals the reactions and perceptions of the Portuguese people toward alien cultures. A thorough examination of customs and traditions, as well as religious issues, also provides a better picture of how social and economic life developed in Portugal and other countries in fifteenth and sixteenth century.
Further details exposed in the chapter are dedicated to the analysis of Muslim world and its religious influence on commercial relations. Trade activities on the Swahili Coast provided the Portuguese travelers with the valuable experience, as well as expanded their knowledge about cultural and religious peculiarities of communication.
While establishing favorable relationships with the Arab world, da Gama’s crew was not recognized as supporters of Christianity. On the contrary, most of the Muslims could even believe that the foreigners can have deep knowledge of their religion. In the course of explorations, Vasco da Gama did not only master the art of commerce, but also gained greater awareness of the influence and importance of culture in fostering trade relations.
Once again, the author emphasizes these cross-cultural relations standing at the core of the global economic and social development. More importantly, the chapter highlights the impact of Christianity on the development of economic and commercial roots between the Western and Eastern world, as well as da Gama’s contributions to these developments.
Further in the chapter, the author attains much importance to the aspects of cordiality and hospitality as the underpinnings for establishing fruitful relations between the two economies. Da Gama, therefore, was a pioneer applying cultural knowledge to enriching practical skills of cultural interaction.
To explain the process of cultural integration, the author refers to the depiction of da Gama’s initiatives in arranging the dinner Arab negotiators. Hence, creating a hospital and friendly atmosphere was the first step in forwarding successful exchange of products. Demonstrating respect for the Muslim religion was another efficient approach that da Gama applied to gain confidence in foreign traders. In particular, the explorer kept the Koran so as to demonstrate respect for religion and culture.
We will write a custom Essay on Chapter Review: The Epic First Voyage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While managing conflicts, da Gama’s expedition crew proved that trade relations could be based on the principle of expressing both cordiality and power. In fact, the explorers demonstrated that they were able to protect themselves and attack the foreigners.
In this respect, the chapter provides an example of da Gama’s capture of several African Muslims during negotiations to demonstrate their ability to protect and defeat. Thus, although peaceful intentions on the part of da Gama’s crew were obvious, the two sides of commercial debates were on the guard of expressing hostilities. Despite these challenges, the Portuguese merchants ready to avoid critical situations and reach the consensus over the terms of the commodity exchange.
Despite the success in managing foreign negotiation, da Gama and his crew faces serious challenges and conflict with the indigenous population in Africa. The experience described in the chapter can also serve as a valuable guide in the modern world of trade and commerce to avoid conflict situations. More importantly, the emerged contradictions also show the situations under which the negotiations were conducted.
Understanding the details presented in the chronological order, one can trace valuable patterns of arranging trade and shaping a favorable climate for promoting commercial activities. Highlights from da Gama’s dramatic life provide an extensive overview of trade issues in a broader context. As the explorer conquered new cultural and territorial boundaries, he made more valuable contributions to the evaluation and development of new markets that are still considered in the modern world.
Although the chapter exposes a chronological, detailed account of Vasco da Gama’s life, accurate and day-by-day description often prevents the reader from deducing important information about the role of the Portuguese explorations in shaping economic and commercial relations at the international market.
Nevertheless, heavy reliance on details allows the readers to understand the evidence-based approach used by the author to render the importance of historic events. While exploring the African territories and India, Vasco da Gama and his people revealed themselves as exceptional seamen, skillful military leaders, and peaceful negotiators.
By trials and errors, the Portuguese fleet gained much experience in negotiating with African and Indian indigenous population. Using hospitality and cordiality as the basis for establishing commercial relations, the crew discovered efficient marketing strategies that fostered trade activities and widened the European influence on the Muslim world.
While confronting the religious issues in the Indian world, da Gama faced less friction with the indigenous population. In particular, the chapter provides an overview of the crew’s experience in communicating with the Indian Christian and analyzing the differences in their perception of religion. In addition, the explorers paid close attention to the role of language in successful interaction and negotiation with both Africans and Indian peoples.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Chapter Review: The Epic First Voyage by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In conclusion, it should be stated that the chapter provides a detailed account of the journey of the Portuguese fleet, particularly their experience in facing different cultures, societies and religions.
The chapter also focuses on aspects that have a potent impact on the development of fruitful commercial relations in the Muslim world and India. By evaluating the commercial techniques, the author points out the contributions of Vasco da Gama and his crew to the development of international relations, as well as to trade activities between the Western and Easten world.
More importantly, the biographical account also fosters readers’ understanding of how commerce has been developing in the course of time. Finally, the overview of the historic journey provides a wider picture of confrontations and conflicts between cultures, as well as how those confrontations were managed by the parties.
Works Cited Ames, Glen. The First Epic Voyage: Preparations and the Coasts of Africa. Vasco da Gama: Renaissance Crusader. Ed. Glen Ames. New York: Pearson, 2004. Print. 17-43
Economics and Global Business Applications Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Introduction There is no doubt that communication is an integral marketing strategy that a firm must master in order to compete effectively in foreign markets. According to Tian and Borges (2011), a company must adopt sound marketing communication strategies in order to engage in international business successfully (p. 110). Nonetheless, some senior executives fail to realize that cultural difference may enhance or impede a company’s marketing approach in a foreign market.
As the world becomes globalised, many countries have progressively staked a claim to “a right to culture” in global business (Tian
Ethical Standards in Scientific Research Essay (Article) best college essay help: best college essay help
Ethics identifies with the moral issues governing the differences between what is wrong and what is right. Ethics expresses the norms resonating with agreeable behaviours and non-agreeable behaviours in the community.
Research shows that people learn ethics in schools, in homes, in religious places, and in other environmental social settings. Research ethics is characterised by the application of the ethical principles in scientific research. Shi (2007) argues that the considerations of ethics in research outcomes modernisations are critical in research findings and research project.
It has been noted that healthcare industry has a number of researches in form of research enquiries that are defined by the theories involved in scientific research. There have been concerns over the application of ethical standards in defining the qualitative approaches in research work (Shi, 2007).
There are diverse challenges faced by researchers in conducting the research practices in the scientific research, among them validation of results. Research is an expensive exercise and it is geared towards solving a particular problem, researchers in the recent decades has been faced with the challenges of funding research projects.
Research shows that ethics maintains quality of the research, reliability of research, safeguarding subject under research and maintaining objectivity in research work (Shi, 2007). It has been noted that research objectivity is enhanced through strict adherence of research procedures, research standards and research methods. Ethical principles in research work identifies with maintaining high levels of trust and honesty in the reporting and presentation of the data.
Ethical principles can also be enhanced through independent data analysis, independent interpretation of data and making sure that the data analysis has minimal errors. There are a number of other ethical models applied in research work identifying with validation of research through publications and consulting similar studies done by previous researchers on the same topic to make sure that the report is well inclusive, and not a mere repetition of work earlier researched on (Shi, 2007).
Researchers acquire information from various sources: there are primary sources and secondary sources of information. Technological advancement has made the transfer of information from one person to another person efficient and fast. World Wide Web (WWW) is a search platform that has enabled availability of internet.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main challenges with the information from the internet is characterised by the data privacy, lost confidentiality, integrity of data, ethical issues and intellectual property issues. Internet sources of information are not always authentic (Shi, 2007).
Research funding may be obtained from the government, foundations, private industries and professional organisations. Funding of research work is considered an ethical issue. The authenticity of funds must be verified to give a clean way of the results and findings.
Funding of research work has a positive influence on the desired research outcomes (Shi, 2007). Some organisations support research work in favour of particular course, this has proved necessary to cite the sources of the money used in the research to discourage research projects politicking.
Ethics in healthcare is a complex subject; this is because the medical practitioners engage patients from all over the world with diverse schools of reasoning. Research shows that issues dealing with patients must be taken seriously since human life is a gift, and at the same time should not be taken for granted. The welfare of the patients must be enhancing to cultivate patient satisfaction. This is a practice valued in the healthcare industry (Fuchs, 2010).
Medical practitioners deal with circumstances and situations on daily basis that has a direct influence on the lives of people. This is the reason behind majority of the healthcare organisations in the United States being equipped with an ethics committee, procedures, policies and code of ethics to make sure that all the interests of the parties taking part are fully addressed.
It has been noted that healthcare management ethics calls for confidentiality, practising active prevention of diseases deemed transmittable, engaging in controlled marketing practices, enhancing authenticity and patient welfare safeguarding among other issues that most patients and healthcare practitioners take for granted.
Victor Fuchs in his article focussed on Health Care Reforms in the United States. The articles argue that the current technological changes call for reforms in the healthcare sector to conform to the global changes (Fuchs, 2010). There is a need to have a critical look at the four C’s identifying with Coverage, Control of costs, coordinated care and the Choice. Fuchs (2010) asserted that coordinated health care and the cost control are yet to be exploited.
We will write a custom Article on Ethical Standards in Scientific Research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Research indicates that the research was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Blue Shield of California. The research was conducted as part of the FRESH (Focussed Research on Efficient Secure Health) Thinking research program and the SIEPR (Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research) (Fuchs, 2010).
Ethics is a wide concept with diverse meanings, different people from different parts of the world has diverse concepts of ethics. There is a need to do more research on the basics of ethics to make researchers have a common ground on the ethical practices in research work. Research ethics revolves on trust; scientists trust the research of other researchers as valid and at the same time the society has the belief that the results are honest with high levels of accuracy and zero bias (Shi, 2007).
References Fuchs, V. R. (2010). Health Care Reform. A Collection of Articles on U.S. Health Care Reform , 2-44.
Shi, L. (2007). Health Services Research Methods. New York: Delmar Cengage Learning.
(The article is also available in https://www.stanford.edu/)
The Immigration Debate Essay college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
The Dream Act
Introduction The American election debate usually attracts a lot of interest from its citizenry and the whole world due to the fact that the United States is a world super-power. Additionally, policies implemented by presidential contenders once they assume office tend to have ripple effects on the whole world.
The November elections this year will pit incumbent president Barrack Obama who is a Democrat, against Mitt Romney who is a Republican. It is noteworthy to mention that these two presidential candidates do not concur on most of the social and economic issues, which the federal state should address. Immigration is one of the aspects on which Romney and Obama have different perspectives.
It touches on the Dream Act, border fencing and the problem of undocumented workers. In Marotti’s words, “Obama says he has passed legislation that has helped immigrants in America, and Romney says he will be the one to sort out the immigration issue America is faced with” (par. 2).
Border Fences The American government has made significant strides in ensuring that its border, especially with Mexico, is impervious. However, there are occasions when individuals deem it appropriate to cross the border without legal authority from the immigration department.
It is in this regard that Obama is agitating for the deployment of additional 20,000 security personnel to fortify border security (Wood par. 4). Additionally, he vehemently proposes the building of a 370 mile high security fence on the American-Mexican border to ward-off illegal immigrants.
Mitt Romney also passionately advocates for the beefing up of border security. Additionally, he highly advocates for introduction of an electronic entry and exit verification system. The system will ensure that a vetting process is installed to confirm that people entering the country are recognized by the immigration department. Such drastic measures according to Romney are necessary, because a chunk of illegal immigrants hail from South America and get into the united states via Mexico.
Consequently, it is quite crucial that anyone who wants to get into the United States via the Mexican border is kept at bay, regardless of the individual’s creed, color or race (Marotti par. 7). According to Wood, “Romney has sought to put immigration reform in an economic context, suggesting changes designed to help American business” (par. 5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Dream Act The Dream Act which was introduced to the American congress in 2001 is yet to be ratified, because it cannot garner enough support from both sides of the floor. It seeks to provide legal status, education and jobs to individuals who came to the United States when under sixteen years of age but are yet to attain the age of 30.
Incidentally, president Obama supports the Dream Act and is intent is to ensure that the above mentioned individuals are accorded citizenship (Marotti par. 8). President Obama saved a host of young illegal immigrants from deportation in June, when he granted them two-year work permits through executive decision. Accordingly, this shows his unwavering commitment in his concern for the welfare of immigrants.
On the contrary, Romney is opposed to the ratification of the Dream Act in all regards. Romney predicates that giving any illegal immigrants a soft landing will only provide momentum for additional immigrants to flock into the country. His deep conviction is that illegal immigration should be curtailed. However, he asserts that students from overseas who study in the United States should be granted work visas upon graduating, especially those from science and engineering disciplines (Iverac par. 8).
Undocumented Workers The other perspective of immigration is the thorny issue of undocumented workers. Obama holds the view that the federal state should initiate and expedite the formalization of citizenship for illegal immigrants. He believes that it is the moral duty of the federal state to accord illegal immigrants a fair trial before deporting them back to their countries.
He is lobbying for the actualization of a guest worker program to enable the economy meet its high demand for low-skill low-wage labor. Furthermore, he underscores the importances of having an employment verification system to enable employers tell whether the person being hired is a legal or illegal immigrant (Wood par. 5). Subsequently, this sort of information from employers can go a long way in helping the state to keep tabs on the number of immigrants working in the country, both legal and illegal.
On the other hand, Mitt Romney castigates illegal immigrants. He believes that they should all go back to their countries and re-apply for immigration into the United States. As a result, he is championing for the self deportation strategy where the federal government makes it impossible for illegal immigrants to secure jobs in the United States (Iverac par. 9).
He argues that making life abrasive for illegal immigrants will make them want to go home without any coercion by the state. Romney believes that the current and previous regimes have been playing cat and mouse games with illegal immigrants for a long time, and it is time the issue is brought to an end.
We will write a custom Essay on The Immigration Debate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He is propagating the sanctioning of employers who hire illegal immigrants, in order to deter the menace of illegal immigrants doing jobs that would have otherwise been taken up by legal immigrants and ordinary citizens. On a lighter note, Romney is seeking support from all quarters to relax the laws that enable people acquire temporary work permits. He believes that immigrants play a very pivotal role in the economic development of the nation.
Therefore, by enabling people get entry into the United States where they can be more productive is instrumental in job creation and technological innovation, if the law is followed to the letter (Wood par. 9). A point of concurrence on the immigration issue between Obama and Romney is the employer electronic verification system. They believe this should be implemented to enable employers screen the immigration status of possible employees.
Conclusion The United States of America is epitomized by everyone around the world for its impeccable infrastructure, education, quality healthcare and freedom of expression. Consequently it is a dream destination for people who live in less developed countries (Marotti par. 5).
Therefore, scores of people will continue applying for green card lotteries in a bid to gain entry into the United States. However, there are those unscrupulous individuals who will always try to circumvent the system by gaining illegal entry into the country, through the porous borders or otherwise. By and large, the immigration issue is a sensitive matter and it should not be subjected to political rhetoric by republicans or democrats.
Much as the candidates will try to appease voters mostly of South American descent, the crux of the matter is that illegal immigrants are not eligible to vote. Illegal immigrants will still be a source of unemployment in the United States, if their grievances are relegated to a lip service discourse and not decisively dealt with. Iverac argues that, “What precisely will happen next year depends whether two parties will be able to reach a compromise” (par. 25).
Works Cited Iverac, Mireta. “Obama, Romney Differ in Approach to Immigration Problems.” WNYC News, 15 October 2012. Web.
Marotti, Ally. “Obama, Romney Debate Illuminates Immigration Differences.” The Lantern, 17 October 2012. Web.
Wood, Daniel B. “Obama vs. Romney 101: Ways they Differ on Immigration.” The Christian Science Monitor, 29 August 2012. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Immigration Debate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
Is Globalization Beneficial or Tyrannical? Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
It is undeniable that globalization describes the path that the world is taking technologically and economically. Nations all over the world have become intertwined in financial relationships that make them dependent on each other. Markets are becoming increasingly free with the global demand and supply for major technological and agricultural products.
Since the end of cold war, all nations are increasingly adopting the capitalist economic system which encourages world trade. Technology, particularly information technology, has also played a great role in dissolving national barriers to create an increasingly uniform social system. All these aspects of the modern society constitute globalization.
While some analysts consider globalization desirable, some people argue that this phenomenon is a slow drift of the world towards tyranny and domination by some privileged class. A global economic system and global information technologies dominated by economically superior nations are leading the world towards tyranny and domination.
Analysts Alan Taylor and Maurice Obstefield argued that the apparent economic globalization is actually trade between rich countries while poor nations are sidelined (Friedman, 2008). Trade among countries in the north is fair since countries depend on each other enhancing their economic security.
However, the nations in the south are sidelined and exploited for raw materials and labor. Thus, globalization has one set of countries exploiting another group of weaker countries. As this consolidation of economic power continues among rich countries, the economically weaker countries lose bargaining power for their contribution to the world economy. Thus, globalization is not as fair or uniform as it might seem (Friedman, 2008).
Robert Lucas also analyzed the idea of capital and concluded that the apparent movement of capital from rich countries to poor countries is deceptive. The common perception is that the poor countries are benefitting from the investments made by rich countries (Friedman, 2008).
However, the amount of returns the poor countries get from provision of labor, raw materials, and infrastructure to aid production by multinationals is much less that the benefit the rich countries get from the cheap labor and low overhead costs they have in developing countries.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Lucas, the overall effect is that poor countries are exploited by rich countries. Much of the labor force in poor countries becomes dependent on the multinationals leading to tyranny by foreign countries. The multinationals act as representatives of their countries of origin and may coerce their host countries into any kind of agreements.
In addition, the capital invested in developing countries is a small proportion of the movement of capital in the world market. The small economies of the developing countries amplify the apparent investments so that they appear to be huge investments (Friedman, 2008). Thus, the movement of capital among rich countries is obscured by their huge economies making the investments in them seem small.
Information technology is the leading cause of all kinds of globalization. Cultures are slowly merging to form one uniform culture around the world. Information technology began with development of air transport and mass media. News travel around the world as fast as they do within a country. This spread of culture has been amplified by emergence of the internet in the early 1990s.
Social networking and mail services on the internet have enabled people to interact socially over the internet. More people are continuously joining the internet community. Entrepreneurs own companies that provide the internet services and access from rich countries. Through these companies, people from the developed countries are able to control the information that people can access over the internet all over the world.
They have the ability to influence world opinion. In addition, they collect a vast amount of personal information from people around the world. This way, the majority of the world population can be controlled through the internet giving companies that provide internet services an immense power (Mishkin, 2009). It is obvious that the internet is used for the benefit of the developed countries.
Other analysts argue that globalization is the path to global prosperity. The most significant benefit of globalization is the spread of technology from developed countries to the developing countries. Since most of the developed countries are always more technologically advanced than developing countries, technology and scientific knowledge always flows from the developed countries to the developing countries (Rodrik, 2010). This enables the developing countries to keep up with the global economic development.
Another argument is that developing countries cannot generate enough capital to match the labor in their economies. Yoav Friedman describes globalization exclusively as a process of movement of capital. Although he blames movement of capital for the spread of financial risk over many countries, he also argues that mobility of capital is important for global economy and stability (Friedman, 2008).
We will write a custom Essay on Is Globalization Beneficial or Tyrannical? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, capital from larger economies is needed for economic development and production to increase. People in a developing country are employed by the multinationals; through their wages, the domestic economy obtains bargaining power to purchase what it needs in the international markets. Some analysts say that this flow of capital from the rich countries to the poor countries is necessary to enable weak economies to participate in international trade.
Social networking over the internet and mass media is another major player in the process of globalization. Some analysts argue the world’s societies are interconnected trough the use of social media and mass media (Hickman, 2012). John Hickman focuses on the positive aspects of globalization. He depicts social media as a forum where ideas are generated in an open platform. Knowledge is passed from one society to the other through mass media. The societies become integrated into one global community (Hickman, 2012). This integration is necessary for cohesion and peace around the world. Through such cohesion, development and trade are possible.
Globalization has several analysts arguing in its favor or against it. Although the immediate impression created by the essence of globalization indicates that it is a positive phenomenon and an advantage for the world society, the truth is that globalization is leading the world towards tyranny (Rodrik, 2010).
The world’s poor nations are becoming poorer and more dependent on the rich nations (Mishkin, 2009). This financial dependency makes them weak and susceptible to manipulation. It is also evident that the long-term effect of information technology that is instrumental in all forms off globalization is one global culture.
This culture is based entirely on the culture of the dominant nations. Since these nations own communication companies and mass media corporations, it is obvious that the material broadcast contains aspects of culture from powerful countries (Rodrik, 2010). The ultimate outcome of globalization is tyranny by one or a few wealthy nations. This may put the control of the world in the hands of a few people.
References Friedman, Y. (2008). Globalization of capital movements. Israel Economic Review, 2(2), 45-78.
Hickman, J. (2012). Social Media
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Brain Imaging Research Paper argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Advantages of MRI in Brain Imaging
Components of MRI Signal
Interpretation of the MRI Signal
Introduction Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has emerged as one of the most powerful diagnostic tools in the radiology clinic. The chief strengths of MRI are its ability to provide cross sectional images of anatomical regions in any arbitrary plane and its excellent soft tissue contrast (Sunders 4).
MRI has the ability to provide functional as well as anatomical information. The nuclear energy states of certain atoms interact with incidence radio frequency photons in the presence of a statistic magnetic field. The radio frequency emission by tissue that follows the absorption of photons can be exploited to generate images (Sunders 4). MRI has become a vital diagnostic tool during the screening of the pathophysiology of brain related illnesses. This paper discusses the application of MRI in brain imaging.
Advantages of MRI in Brain Imaging MRI has much strength as a brain imaging technique. Unlike Computerized Tomography scan (CT), MRI requires no ionization, and it has no known physical hazards in human beings (Andreasean 56).
The pictures of the brain produced by MRI are reminiscent of the postmortem brain slices seen in neuroanatomy laboratories and neuroanatomy atlases. This technique provides excellent resolution between gray matter and white matter, permitting visualization of tiny structures, such as cranial nerves, nuclei of the basal ganglia, or limbic structures such as the hippocampus (Andreasean 56).
Magnetic resonance imaging can be obtained in three planes: sagittal, coronal, and transverse. As a consequence, MRI provides a much greater potential for three dimensional reconstruction of the brain. Not only does magnetic resonance permit visualization in new planes, such as in coronal sections, but it is also free of bony artifacts (Andreasean 56).
Bone, in fact, cannot be visualized well with MRI. However, with MRI it is possible to look into the posterior fossa, a region that is obscured by bone artifacts on other diagnostic regimes such CT scan (Andreasean 56). Further, with this technique, fine shades of tissue abnormality can be identified very well.
Basic Principles Magnetic resonance employs principles which govern electricity and magnetism. This technique exploits the inherent magnetic field produced by the nuclei of some atoms (Andreasean 56). By far, the most common of these is hydrogen, which is composed of a single proton. Because hydrogen is widely distributed in the body, it forms the basis of MRI.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, hydrogen produces a strong signal. MRI induces a magnetic field to the nuclei in one plane, thereby creating a non random magnetization that is strong enough to measure. Protons have their own specific spin and wobble, which can be excited by a radio signal broadcast at their specific frequency known as Larmor frequency, by a radio field transmitter.
The gradual decay in this resonance is then measured by a radio frequency receiver. The radio frequency signal can then be converted by computer to shades of gray, white, and black corresponding to the strength of the signal, and used to make images or pictures.
Components of MRI Signal The MRI signal is produced by three different components which include proton density, T1 relaxation time, and T2 relaxation time (Andreasean 56). Proton density reflects the number of protons present in a particular tissue (Andreasean 56).
On the other hand, T1 relaxation time is an exponential growth constant that reflects the return of magnetization of protons to their equilibrium state in the Z axis (Andreasean 56). In addition, T2 relaxation time is an exponential decay constant that reflects the loss of signal strength as dephasing of spin occurs after excitation (Andreasean 56). These components are often defined by Bloch equation.
Interpretation of the MRI Signal The signals emitted are turned into images by assigning various shades of gray, white, and black to tiny blocks of tissue according to their difference in signal intensity. Generally, if the signal is strong, the image will be brighter. Several factors influence signal intensity. They include proton density, decreased T1, and increase T2 (Andreasean 56).
Tissues with a short T1 relax and return to equilibrium more quickly and therefore give off a brighter signal. Tissues with a long T2 stay in phase longer and give out a brighter signal. Therefore, one must know whether the image is T1 or T2 weighted in order to interpret it. Most pathological processes lengthen T1 and T2 (Andreasean 56). This is attributed to an increase in water content in those tissues (Andreasean 56).
Clinical Applications A variety of conditions of the brain can be detected using MRI. Examples of brain conditions which can be detected by MRI include “bleeding, cysts, tumors, developmental and structural abnormalities, inflammatory conditions, swellings, or problems associated with blood vessels” (Andreasean 56).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Brain Imaging specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, “MRI can be useful in evaluating problems such as persistent headaches, dizziness, weakness, and blurry vision or seizures, and it can help detect certain chronic diseases of the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis” (Rosenbloom 364).
MRI is vey helpful in the diagnosis of brain tumors. It gives detailed information on cellular structure, vascular supply, and tumor anatomy (Rosenbloom 366). In addition, MRI provides essential details which reveal the location of the tumor, the type of the tumor, and the size of the tumor.
MRI thus necessitates the effective diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of brain tumors. The imaging of brain tumors using MRI can be produced in several ways. It can be achieved through “Diffusion weighted MRI, perfusion weighted MRI, diffusion tensor MRI, intraoperative MRI, and awake cranial anatomy with MRI” (Rosenbloom 367).
Rosenbloom argues that this technique is vital in the identification of defects in the brain, which are as a result of alcoholism. In addition, MRI is essential in the identification of changes that occur due to soberness and recurrence. MRI has shown that alcoholism causes “shrinkage in the frontal cortex, 1 underlying white matter, and cerebellum and expansion of the ventricles” (Rosenbloom 368).
Rosenbloom also notes that “these changes are reversible with abstinence, although some appear to be enduring” (368). Imaging studies have shown that the brain has the potential to compensate for cognitive inadequacy. “The myriad concomitants of alcoholism, the antecedents, and the consumption patterns each may influence the observed brain changes associated with alcoholism, which tend to be deleterious with increasing age”( Rosenbloom 368).
The complex features of alcoholism limit the comprehension of the mechanism of alcoholism induced neuropathology. However, “in vivo longitudinal MRI brain studies can be used to understand the development and scope of alcohol dependence” (Rosenbloom 368).
In addition, Edith, Adron and Adolf, argue that multidisciplinary studies have played a key role in the examination of brain function, structure and attending factors.
These studies have been instrumental in evaluating alcohol related damage to the brain. Most importantly, these studies have necessitated the identification of substrates which initiate alcohol related neuropathology. A majority of these studies have concentrated on the neuropsychological sequelae of alcoholism.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Brain Imaging by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This has led to the evaluation of a pattern of sparing and impairment, which has been instrumental in understanding functional deficits. “These studies have elucidated the component processes of memory, problem solving, and cognitive control, as well as visuospatial, and motor processes and their interactions with cognitive control processes” (Edith, Adron and Adolf 127).
The main advantage of MRI in brain imaging science, according to Edith, Adron and Adolf is that “it has necessitated the analysis of the course brain of structural changes during periods of drinking, and abstinence, and relapse” (127).
“MRI studies in patients with phenylketonuria revealed white matter alternations that correlated to most recent blood phenylalanine concentrations as well as brain phenylalanine measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy”( Rosenbloom 368).
Furthermore, Rutherford et al. conducted a study “to establish a more objective method for confirming tissue injury in term neonates who have early seizures that are believed to be hypoxic ischaemic in origin” (1004). The researchers found out that MRI is essential in the early diagnosis of tissue injury in term neonates who have early seizures.
Conclusion This paper has noted that Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has emerged as one of the most powerful diagnostic tools in the radiology clinic. The chief strengths of MRI are its ability to provide cross sectional images of anatomical regions in any arbitrary plane and its excellent soft tissue contrast (Sunders 4). MRI has the ability to provide functional as well as anatomical information. Magnetic resonance employs principles which govern electricity and magnetism.
This technique exploits the inherent magnetic field produced by the nuclei of some atoms (Andreasean 56). By far, the most common of these is hydrogen, which is composed of a single proton. The radio frequency signal is usually converted by computer to shades of gray, white, and black corresponding to the strength of the signal and used to make images or pictures. The MRI signal is produced by three different components which include proton density, T1 relaxation time, and T2 relaxation time (Andreasean 56).
Generally, if the signal is strong, the image will be brighter. Several factors influence signal intensity. They include proton density, decreased TI, and increase T2. Most pathological processes lengthen T1 and T2 (Andreasean 56). This is attributed to an increase in water content in those tissues (Andreasean 56). A variety of conditions of the brain can be detected using MRI.
Examples of brain conditions which can be detected by MRI include “bleeding, cysts, tumors, developmental and structural abnormalities, swellings, inflammatory conditions, or problems associated with blood vessels; MRI can be employed in the evaluation of abnormalities in the brain that occur as a result of alcoholism as well as changes that occur with sobriety and relapse” (Andreasean 56).
MRI has shown that alcoholism causes “shrinkage in the frontal cortex, 1 underlying white matter, and cerebellum and expansion of the ventricles” (Rosenbloom 368).
In addition, “MRI can be useful in evaluating problems such as persistent headaches, dizziness, weakness, and blurry vision or seizures, and it can help detect certain chronic diseases of the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis” (Rosenbloom 364). The main advantage of MRI in brain imaging science, according to Edith, Adron and Adolf is that “it has necessitated the analysis of the course brain of structural changes during periods of drinking, and abstinence and relapse” (127).
Works Cited Andreasean, Nancy. Brain Imaging: Applications in Psychiatry. New York: American Psychiatric Pub, 1989. Web.
Edith, Sullivan, Adron Harris, and Adolf Pfefferbaum. “Alcohol’s Effects on Brain and Behavior.” Alcohol Research
The Making of an Unequal Society Essay essay help free
Joseph Stiglitz believed that inequality in America was the result of a conspiracy between the rich and powerful. He also added that the U.S. government assisted them. He placed blame on their shoulders and he was angry because of his convictions.
Stiglitz acknowledged that there are other forces at work but conceded that the major reason for the inequality is due to the actions of the wealthy, the corrupt and the opportunists. Stiglitz labeled the ability of the rich and powerful to steal from the weak as the art of rent seeking. Stiglitz observation must be considered in order to build an egalitarian society.
Stiglitz traced the root-cause of inequality and said that it can be traced back to the acquisition of military power in ancient times. He said that the rich and powerful seized power in order to extract resources from the people that they have dominated. An overview of feudal systems and empires can easily confirm this assertion.
Kings, landlords, warlords, emperors and pharaohs demonstrated the immutable fact that those who had the military and economic power to subdue people can force others to pay tribute. They also earned the capability to allocate resources in their favor.
The author said that the ultimate goal of corrupt leaders and businessman is not to create wealth but to transfer wealth. He added that the rich and powerful had perfected various schemes that compeled others to pay tribute even if they did not work for it. The author said that this phenomenon is called rent seeking.
Stiglitz cited examples such as: 1) hidden and open transfers and subsidies from government; 2) laws that make the marketplace less competitive; 3) lax enforcement of existing competition laws; and 4) statutes that allow corporations to take advantage of others or pass costs on to the rest of society (Stiglitz, p.39).
Stiglitz condemned rent seeking and used strong terms to denounce the evil created by corrupt members of society and he wrote:
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To put it baldly, there are two ways to become wealthy: to create wealth or take wealth away from others. The former adds to society. The latter typically subtracts from it, for in the process of taking it away, wealth gets destroyed (Stiglitz, p.32).
One can just imagine the wasted opportunities when wealth was destroyed through corruption. At the same time one can just imagine the ripple effect of a single act of benevolence. A businessman that created a high-quality product and sold it at the right price contributed in the creation of a better society. But a greedy businessman with inferior products and overpriced goods sold will create inefficiency in society.
Stiglitz also condemned predatory lending practices and expressed his displeasure when he stated that the government’s inability to curb credit card woes was an outrageous form of social injustice. He added that the government must intervene and that policymakers should establish rules and regulations that will protect the poor from unscrupulous businessmen.
Stiglitz argued that the solution to inequality is effective income distribution. He said that it is the byproduct of both political and economic processes. Therefore, the government must exert political will in order to shape and control the economic process so that it does not only favor the powerful and the rich.
For example, a company’s failure can be traced to the hefty bonuses given to the CEO. The outrageous sums of money given to corporate heads led to the downfall of certain companies because the CEOs were forced to manipulate financial data in order to show that the company is profitable and therefore strengthen their hold on their position of authority as well as their large pay bonuses. The government can end this problem by enforcing laws against different forms of fraudulent business practices.
Aside from creating effective laws and enforcing them, there is another way that the government can help in the process of income distribution and this is through a more practical and effective method of raising revenue through taxes. The problem of taxation becomes evident when it comes to the amount of money collected through the extraction of natural resources.
Stiglitz said that most of the time, the government fails to collect the correct amount that has to be paid after mining firms had extracted minerals from government lands. Stiglitz therefore concluded that in effect this is comparable to giving money away to the rich and powerful.
We will write a custom Essay on The Making of an Unequal Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If the government develops a better system to ensure effectvie collection of taxes and fees, then, there are more funds that can be used to help poor families. Furthermore, there will be more funds that can be used to create opportunities for those who wanted to break the power of poverty over their lives. If Stiglitz can prove his claim that the government failed to collect the correct amount of taxes from mining firms and other companies, then, there are hundreds of millions of dollars that remained in the hands of the rich and powerful.
The same resources should have been re-distributed in favor of the less fortunate. One can just imagine the impact of an additional $1 billion in taxes that can expand the scope of public service. Consider for instance the impact of an additional $2 billion injected into the public school system. Consider the impact if the government has enough money to finance the education of 1,000 college students.
Conclusion Stiglitz was correct when he said that rent seeking could destroy an economy. The financial crisis of 2008 was a powerful reminder of what can happen if power is concentrated in the hands of a few people. Stiglitz pointed out that since the beginning of time the rich and powerful will do everything to maintain the status quo.
Stiglitz also highlighted an important fact and he said that rent seeking required a sophisticated and concerted effort. It is difficult to dismantle the apparatus that created rent seeking. It is difficult to eradicate rent seeking because one can only dismantle the said apparatus with the help of the government.
Rent seeking can be destroyed through the ratification of particular laws that will create checks and balances in the system. The government plays a vital role in the eradication of rent seeking because it will require political will to go after white-collar crimes.
However, the regulatory agencies that were established to monitor industries and enforce laws are manned by people from the private sector. For example the energy regulatory agency is under the supervision of people that used to work in oil companies. Stiglitz said that these people who were appointed to a government post will never do anything to jeopardize their standing in the said industry.
They knew that their present job in the government will not last long. In some cases their position is dependent on the next presidential election. Therefore, they will do everything in their power to appease the CEOs so that they will be assured of a comfortable and profitable job when they go back to the private sector.
Works Cited Stiglitz, Joseph. The Price of Inequality.New York: W.W. Norton, 2012. Print.
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Social Influences in Ancient Literature Essay essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Religious, Social and Political Influences
Findings and Discussion
Religious, Social and Political Influences Introduction The novels, “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe and “An Unwritten Novel” by Virginia Woolf, and the poems, “Song of Myself” by Walt Whiteman and “Diary of a Madman” by Lu Xun, explore political, social, and metaphysical fiction genre. Drawn from personal experiences, these writings reveal rot of the society as contributed due to the themes raised there, such as monopolistic corporation, misery, twin-self, paranoia, altered states, and authoritarian administration. This paper examines similarities in these four writings.
Comparative Analysis The main theme presented by these writings is personal identity as a component of realism. Literary writing attempts to inexplicitly portray certain thoughts of characters. Recognizing themes of loyalty, moral crisis, honor, and revenge, Chinua Achebe sarcastically ridicules neocolonialism in Africa. The main character, Okonkwo, is an African gentleman full of pride which he loses and hangs himself at the end.
Colonialism is depicted to force a rather peaceful society to embrace a sudden change. As a result, those who do not cope up should be swept away by the heavy forced change. Reflectively, Chinua is moved by Okonkwo’s imaginative exploration of memory manipulation and how misused power can wreak havoc on humanity. Chinua tries to blend the high-concept vision of the world of tomorrow with his own stylized and highly dramatized language.
He creates a very human story that combines stories of both self-discovery and love. Chinua Achebe succeeds in convincingly mingling the ‘futuristic’ and the ‘realistic’ imaginations of the colonial power to create a world of exotic exploitation and mind control characterized by time variances, chauvinism, and societal imbalances. Interestingly, the narrative genre presents an unending conflict between neocolonialism and total freedom which exist to present times.
The theme of time, similar to Chinua Achebe’s reflection, is illustrated in the poem Song of Myself. Indeed, the poet considered time as a marvelous nasty task. Walt intends to turn over features of time in order to command over time. Furthermore, Walt is distressed with time; however, this is not a surprise to people. In fact, time was a controversial debate in the 1600s. Actually, Walt lived when Sir Newton Isaac and Galileo transformed the manner people perceived the time. Indeed, time is a mystery.
Walt’s poem, therefore, tries to investigate the secrets of time. Theme of sex is also presented in the poem as a social concern. In fact, if time is a marvelous nasty task to Walt, then sex is a fantastic power over which he wants to dominate. Indeed, the issue of sex was rarely discussed in public in the traditional society of his time. However, with intelligence and braveness, Walt talks about sex in an open, attractive and agitating language.
Actually, sex comprises one of the mysteries that many poets have never dared to investigate upon. Indeed, Walt’s dedication possibly overlays the approach for more public debate about sex matters. Furthermore, the conflict in the poetic narrative is due to sexual vision associated rather with time than the society. Actually, Walt explains that sexual relation would enable him to command over time; however, such idea was sarcastically intended. Indeed, this is an eventual remark to the short feature of sexual pleasure in life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The poem “Diary of a Madman” by Lu Xun shares the same thoughts on the society in terms of perception on morality. The theme of morality meaning death is discussed in Xun’s poem. The poet describes thus his apparition of death. Though, such apparition is decently perceived depending on what the poet converses and wishes such hope is beyond and far from his dream.
Actually, Xun believes that death happens due to failure to control and command over time. Moreover, the poet appears to be a humorous narrator who builds an interesting and amusing poem. According to Xun’s poem, death is associated with time. Besides, Xun presents theme of captivity and liberation. Xun discusses how he was imprisoned in the mind and viewed the ways to liberate from that situation.
Actually, Xun’s poem calls for freedom in human life. Besides, sex is just a metaphorical figure in the poem. In fact, what Xun expects is adequate amount of time that would perpetually last beyond his hope. Furthermore, the poem also elevates doubt of irony and actually misleads readers with incorrect and strident imagery. Moreover, certain critics perceive that the poem is a sarcastic declaration on unrealistic obsession.
Actually, they deny the view that the poem holds a solemn disposition. Actually, the second verse of the poem attempts to suggest a swift change of imagery which entails worms, marble vaults and grave. Moreover, Xun deliberates to use such metaphors to portray a practical and ruthless death which lies ahead of lovers. Actually, Xun aims to use such statement to frighten the society in order to come into his compliance and interest.
The novel “Unwritten Novel” by Virginia Woolf dwells on perception and the changing beliefs in the society. In fact, this applies how poetry uses indirect implication to pass on information. Presenting information in direct manner seems tiresome and boring. Changing information and making such ideas indefinite and ambiguous enable readers to catch the implications.
There is a necessity for two people to work together; thus one individual drafts a poem and another person tries to figure out its content. While another person tosses a ball, another individual seizes it. Indeed, it is cumbersome for an individual to toss decent common information and catch the implication at the same time. Thus, Virginia presents a view that ‘Divine Providence’ is a crucial need in human life. Actually, mankind needs power to fly (wings) in order to find freedom.
Virginia asserts that every person should develop true consistency and ensure conformity. People should follow their own ideas and personal instinct. Virginia advocates for a philosophical principle of “trust thyself” as a concept of self-reliance.
We will write a custom Essay on Social Influences in Ancient Literature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More People should be self-reliant in order to depend rather on their own reasoning and intuition than on popular views and conformity to common opinions of other people. Moreover, the main idea is that an individual should trust his or her own inner inspirations. Hence, people should nurture intuition that inspires their thinking. This kind of ‘inner voice’ should not be corrupted and influenced by others. Virginia advises contemporary fellow colleagues to avoid imitating people as role models.
Furthermore, Virginia urges people to be confident in achieving their own individual interests and have courage to develop their own original intentions. People should decline to conform with customs of recognized cultures since such practices are mere shallow ideals. Instead people should build their own ideals, even though such kind of creativity might cause accusation and criticism.
Findings and Discussion Reflectively, the authors opine that transcendentalism is a philosophical notion regarding reality principles, as realized through thinking processes that are beyond empirical periphery.
Transcendental thinking is spiritual and intuitive reality. They reject the attitude of unthinking conformity that is prevalent in the contemporary society. Xun urges every person to develop his or her own original relationship with the world. Virginia is also against the idea of collective responsibility. She advocates for individual rights to enhance human potentialities.
Besides, she is against excessive material possession and dehumanization that are rampant due to the era of industrial revolution. Achebe is disappointed with spiritual insufficiency of the recognized religions. Achebe advocates for transcendentalism that is against unkind and merciless authoritarian neocolonialism. Walt proposes transcendentalism which aims at more emotionally communicative, socially mindful and humanistic way of coexisting.
According to Xun, transcendentalism does not concern a particular belief. Virginia views nature as a reality which is made up of four components, such as discipline, beauty, commodity, and language. These components define the manner in which people utilize nature for their essential needs, their wish for enjoyment, their knowledge of the world, and communication among themselves.
According to Achebe, nature is something too much complicated to human minds; people do not appreciate its beauty, even though nature provides us with everything. Human beings get distracted by natural events around them and do not ripe favors from nature. Nature is perfectly appropriate for people’s need which is not a distractive element to them. Walt urges people to avoid being distracted and confused with societal events; instead, they should build understanding of the holistic natural beauty.
Virginia perceives that individual approach is the only way people can hold on what nature has provided them with. She opines that personal reflection is an approach that enables human being to understand what nature holds. Society’s activities are distractive and can ruin the holistic nature of human being.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Social Influences in Ancient Literature by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More People and nature thus must build a reciprocal relation since nature is the only thing that people can depend on. It is a divine aid that nourishes human being. Nature is spiritual and universal thing that people must appreciate, it is also considered divine so human beings must be dedicated to serve it.
In unison, the authors opine that when reflection act occurs in the mind, a person realizes that he/she has gained a splendor and beautiful experience. This is where everything, not only familiar and outdated events but also horrible and tragic deeds, seems appealing when they appear in the mind due to reflection.
Human soul acquires great experience in such a case. Human intellection is healthier when people lead the “life of nature” and are not troubled with societal challenges which in the real sense do not exist. Moreover, when people persistently build original intention, without conforming to recognized culture, they will never be confused in speculation. Instead, their intellection may achieve reality that other individuals will learn from them.
Conclusion Conclusively, literary works are normally composed in an indirect and tricky manner in order for readers to think deeply for implied meanings. These stories share the same connection in understanding the position of the society as dynamics of existence shift from a friendly parameter to harsh reality. The authors share expression tools, such as metaphors, irony, similes, and traditional language, to summarize the imbalances in the societies.
How do factory emissions lead to creation of acid rain Essay college essay help
The selected references used in this paper are from prominent authors with articulate command of the environmental matters. These references are the backbone of this essay, and they evidently demonstrate: the facts about rain acid, its genesis,its process of formation and its constituent elements, the foremost contributors to the acid rain and their severity.
The authors used in this paper are of great academic background and they have mastery of the subject they have covered. For instance, Hewitt is a professor of atmospheric chemistry at Lancaster University UK, and his concentration is on relationship between Biosphare and the Atmosphere.
Other authors have excelled in their fields of specialization and their information is dependable. For example, Hill is a adjunct professor and author of “Understanding Environment Pollution”. She developed many environmental courses in the university of Main when she worked there.
This paper’s emphasis is on factory emissions, and especially the three chief elements (coal, petroleum, and natural gas) that contribute to the formation of the acid rain. In addition, it seeks to demonstrate how acid rain is formed from the raw materials. This forms the area of interest in this paper, and all the ideas in it revolves around this.
Acid rain is a phenomenon that was first noted with the beginning of the industrial revolution. Petheram claims that “acid rain began with the industrial revolution in Europe about 1750, when steam power began to be used to drive machinery” (2002, p. 10). “Normal” rain contains some percentage of carbonic acid though it is not in great amount.
Rain is defined as acid rain if it contains large amounts of acid that is considerably higher than that of the normal rain. According to Hewitt and Jackson, “rain water of pH 5.6 is considered to be “pure”, whereas acid rain is defined as having a pH below 5.6” (2009, p. 139).
Since the industrial revolution to the present-day, more sophisticated machines have been invented and they are used in the factories. These machines require large amount of energy to run. In order to provide sufficient energy, fossil fuels are burnt. As a result, harmful gases are released into the atmosphere. Some of the gases produced during this chemical reaction are nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitric dioxide, and sulphur dioxide.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sulphur dioxide and Nitric dioxide come into react with clouds and oxygen in the presence of sunlight to form acid rain. Tagare (2011) affirms this by arguing that “the major objectionable gases SO2 and NOX, when absorbed by atmospheric water (cloud) form acids and produce “acid rain,” that is rain with small percentages of the objectionable acids”.
Technology has so much advanced that most of human activities would be impossible or very sluggish without it. To run and maintain these machines, electric power is required otherwise almost every human activity will be affected immensely. However, the generation of electric power has massive effects on the air which leads to the formation of the acid rain. In order to generate enough electric power, factories use different elements such as petroleum, coal, and natural gas (Sajawan, Alva, and Keefer 1999, p. 100).
Coal is one of the chief sources of power generation in the world. The hit revealed during the coal burning is higher compared to other fossil fuels. Basically, coal is ubiquitously found in most countries in the world. The more factories are being established the more coal is required to suffice power needs.
Those factories that deal with the production of metals require a lot of energy which means that more coal is needed. When coal is burned various gases are emitted and some of these gases are the basis of acid rain today. Jones and Ujadó (2006) assert that “the acid rain that has received the most attention is caused mainly by pollutants from big coal burning power plants”.
Petroleum is the second precursor of acid rain after coal. Factories burn petroleum to produce sufficient power required to run the machineries used for production of different merchandise. During the process of burning, petroleum emits the same pollutant gases that are found in coal combustion although they are lesser in quantity (Hill 1997, p. 270).
Emissions from the natural gas used in the factories for power generation are lower compared to other fossil fuels, and it is more beneficial for the environment, but it cannot be ruled out as a safe element as well (Hill 1997, p. 270).
When natural gas burns, sulphur compounds are released into the atmosphere which mixes with nitric dioxide, clouds and oxygen which come into reaction under the influence of the high temperature from the sunlight to produce acid rain. Because of its less emissions and environmental friendliness, natural gas is often more preferable than other foremost sources of power generation, thought investigation is still foregoing for better elements.
We will write a custom Essay on How do factory emissions lead to creation of acid rain specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, there is need to carry more investigation on the dangers of the acid rain. Acid rain poses varied hazards to the environment and all creatures are in danger. Therefore, extensive investigation has to be carried in order to curb the acid rain’s impact on the environment.
Reference List Hill, M. K. 1997, Understanding environment pollution, Press syndicate of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Hewitt, N. C.
Money and Commodity Circulatory Processes Essay essay help free: essay help free
Money and Commodity Circulatory Processes Common characteristics and differences in C-M-C and M-C-M
Marx realized that problems existed amid commodities circulation. He then approached this dilemma by classifying the two ways that commodities could possibly circulate namely C-M-C and M-C-M. The difference and similarities between money that is just money and capitalized money appear only in the mode of circulation.
The circuit M-C-M is when money is circulated as capital and is also referred to as the capitalists’ circulation. In this circuit, M is money meant to purchase the commodity that is traded again for M (money). On the contrary, the monetary flow also known as the simple commodities circulation can be illustrated via the C-M-C circuit.
In this circuit, commodities are traded to get money. This money is then used to purchase different commodities. In capitalists circulation, M-C-M, individuals buy commodities with the intention of selling them. The main aim in the simple circulation is to attain the utility values. However, the capitalists’ circulation is categorically aimed at obtaining the exchange values that must be higher than the originally presented money (M).
The simplest commodities circulation form C-M-C entails purchasing commodities only after some commodities have been sold. The product is altered into cash, and this cash is once more changed back to a product.
Conversely, M-C-M circulation occurs when sales take place because of the purchases made. That cash is altered into product which is afterward changed back into cash. In the last circulatory process, the transformed money materializes as the potential capital. A close examination of the M-C-M circuit shows that it is made of two adversative phases.
Phase one comprises of the purchase or the M-C where money becomes transformed into commodities. The second phase entails the sale or C-M. It includes transforming the commodities back into monetary form. When these two phases are combined, they make a solitary flow where money becomes traded for commodities and similar commodities are traded for money. In this circulation, the process M-M that involves exchanging money usually varnishes in the end.
Both these circulations are composed of two similar segments namely the purchases phase (M-C) and the sales phase (C-M). In fact, a retailer, a purchaser, money and commodities that have similar economic characteristics are bound to face each other. The two similar opposing phases are unified by each circuit. In all cases, the unison comes as a result of the involvement of three contracting parties. One of the parties must be a buyer while the other party has to be a seller, and the third party should both be a seller and a buyer.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The M-C-M is distinguished from C-M-C by the inverted progression arrangement between the two segments. For instance, in the monetary circulation (M-C-M), the circuit ends with sales and commences with purchases. In the simple commodities circuit (C-M-C), the process ends with purchases and instigates with sales.
Furthermore, in C-M-C circuit, the circulation process goals and commencement points are made of commodities while in M-C-M, the goals and starting points are comprised of money. In the second circulation process (M-C-M), the commodity intervention brings about the movement whereas in the first circuit (C-M-C) the intervening movement comes because of the commodities.
What Marx meant Money and commodity circulatory processes: M-C-M
To both Marx and society, the essential category in any societal affiliation is the generated profit or the derived value from trade. In fact, Marx was intrigued by the proceeds and value reality. The main aim in the circulation processes was to derive value from the possessed resources namely the commodities and money.
In the M-C-M circuit, money hardly serves its use value. This is because when it is finally converted, it does not become a commodity. In reality, buyers act as sellers by laying out their money with the intention of recovering that capital. However, the aim is to get greater value attached to it.
The buyers purchased the commodities by investing throwing their money into the exchange process. This enabled them to extract it later through selling similar commodities. They let their money go into the circulation process although with justified sly intent to have it back. This money is neither spent nor totally converted into commodities, but it is its value that is augmented.
In conclusion, labor products in the circulatory process which, in this case are the commodities become values. The commodities are produced in the capital relations framework where money becomes the initial form. Besides, money in the M-C-M circuit has value that essentially makes itself apparent in monetary form. Thus, money acts as the equivalence of value by manifesting itself in the excellent capital form, and could be termed as capital.
However, commodities can only be bought using money, but money used to purchase commodities is expected to generate greater returns in the future. Hence, commodities represent capital in the same way money represents capital. Whichever way, money is transformed into commodities or changes its appearance.
We will write a custom Essay on Money and Commodity Circulatory Processes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The intent is to increase its final value and this also increases capital. Money is hardly lost in the circulation process as it self-expands its value by sequentially assuming different forms. It just becomes an active character which, Marx called capital.
Project: Warfare in the High Skies Term Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
The rivalry between Etihad Airways and Emirates Airlines is the subject of many debates. This is because of the cutthroat competition between the two companies. This competition exists despite significant differences in the business strategies of the two companies. This project seeks to investigate the nature and impact of this rivalry. The research question guiding the project is, “What are the marketing strategies of Etihad Airways and Emirates Airlines and how do these strategies influence the rivalry between them?”
The major components of this question are the need to decipher the market entry models used by both airlines, an interrogation of the elements that define the rivalry between the two airlines, and a peek into the future of the two airlines based on their current marketing models. These issues define the broad objectives that underpin the research project. In particular, the objectives of this project as stated in the project proposal are as follows.
To investigate the market entry models of Etihad Airways and the Emirates Airlines.
To investigate the defining elements and the implications of the rivalry between the Etihad Airways and the Emirates Airlines
To determine the long term prospects of the two airlines in relation to their existing marketing strategies in the context of their rivalry
Literature Review A look into the definition of the term “marketing strategy” reveals several things. First, a marketing strategy is about marketing (Sahaf, 2008). A marketing strategy is specific to the marketing elements of a business concern. Secondly, a marketing strategy is about strategy (Sahaf, 2008). It is a long term and wholesome look at the way an organization organizes all the elements that constitute its marketing activities (Shaw, 2004).
Thirdly, marketing strategy is about the optimization of resources (Sahaf, 2008). Every business has several options relating to how it can deploy its resources. Each of these configurations seeks to optimize the returns that the business can attain from its marketing resources (Mongay, 2011). Fourth, marketing strategy is about profit (Sahaf, 2008). Every organization needs to generate surplus for it to remain competitive. Marketing is what assures the company of a sustainable revenue stream.
Porter (1980) developed a model that helps an organization to evaluate its competitive position. This model is useful for companies planning to enter a new market, or to expand its market share. The model is also valuable for companies whose market share is dwindling.
The five forces analysis looks at the threat posed by the arrival of new competitors, the threat posed by the arrival and availability of products that can substitute a company’s product, and the bargaining power of customers (Porter, 1980). The model also proposes that an ideal analysis of the competitive environment should consider the power of suppliers, and the pressure from rivals in the market (Porter, 1980).
Montgomery and Porter (1991) identified three forms of generic strategies that should guide the development of market strategies. First, a company can choose to pursue cost leadership as a marketing strategy (Montgomery
Written Analysis of Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects Report (Assessment) essay help
Chapter three of the book Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects was written by Kathy Fallon Lambert, Charles T. Driscoll, and Limin Chen (2007) and it is titled “Acidic Deposition: Sources and Ecological Effects”. This chapter together with the article “Acid rain and its ecological consequences” written by Madhoolika Agrawal and Anita Singh and which appeared in the 29th volume of the Journal of Environmental Biology describe the formation of acid rain and its consequences on the environment. These two sources of literature are very relevant to my research question: How does acid rain affect soil PH?
The three authors of chapter 3 in the book described above are professionals with impeccable records in Environmental Engineering. Kathy Fallon Lambert has done a lot of work relating to ecosystem science, both as the founder of Ecologic: Analysis
Groupthink and Social Psychology Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
People working in groups often meet to make decisions and/or solve their problems. However, they sometimes become reluctant to share their opinions because of the fear they may appear unsupportive. This usually happens because group members wish to keep up their group cohesiveness, which eventually deteriorates their judgments leading to poor decisions. This phenomenon is referred to as groupthink (Ahlfinger
Business issues and the context of human resource Essay argumentative essay help
Human resource strategy is shaped by globalization. In the modern world, not only human resource management is important to ensure a sustainable competition of organization in the market. It calls for a labor market force with a global outlook which entails finding the right people at the right time and giving each person the correct job. Globalization ensures that human resources shift from local management to an international management establishing a global HR platform.
Technological innovations also play a pivot role in influencing HR strategies. Adoption of technology by use of internet and social networks determines how competitive an organization is in the market. It calls for HR information systems to ensure that job seekers and customers have access to an organization’s profile through the Internet.
Management of talent is crucial in addressing the challenges of recruitment and retaining highly capable employees by branding and setting transparent standards which boost morale and awareness improving employee performance.
As such, a HR system should focus on understanding the talents of its work force to ensure competence and quality service. Demographic management in HR also plays a major role in the assessment of the type of employees based on their age, gender and skills. These criteria should be identified to attract a competitive top management team.
HR plays a major role in managing the work force to ensure it is productive and efficient as much as possible by utilizing the available resources, compliance to the law and ensuring that business goals are achieved. It focuses on recruitment reward and disciplinary aspect of its employees.
Many organizations adopt different HR strategies in order to meet their HR goals. One such strategy is the use of SWOT analysis method. This strategy examines the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities to be met by an organization with view of establishing central factors, either internal or external, that are vital in the evaluation of the objectives of organization.
The outcome of a PESTLE analysis makes it possible for an organization to adequately prepare for the emergencies incidental to its operations. This strategy groups key pieces of information according to external factors which include opportunities and strengths presented by the external environment. It then categorizes internal factors to include strengths and weaknesses that are internal to the organization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The other strategic planning tool in HR is the PESTLE Analysis. It looks at the external business environment that includes political, economical, socio-cultural, technological, legal and environmental aspects. It examines the impact of each factor on the business.
An organization, having used the PESTLE and the SWOT analysis methods, can assess the effectiveness of its strategies by looking into such factors as missed targets, the levels of unmitigated risks, the turnover of leaders and the high potential staff, the level of ROI on the key strategic projects and investments, the levels of customer, employee, suppliers and partners’ satisfaction.
There are various ways in which a company can measure the effectiveness of its strategies. There are equally many ways in which such effectiveness can be communicated by the company. It can hold individual employees accountable for their individual performances. The company can also challenge and facilitate all its workers to perform to the next level in the organization’s management hierarchy. This ensures that well performing employees are rewarded, thus encouraged to improve their output.
Evaluation of Engineering Dilemma Essay custom essay help
Ethical dilemma is a situation where a person is challenged by two opposing decisions. One of them may be right in two different circumstances. The ability to know what is right and what is wrong is often in conflict with the objective of ethical conduct. Ethical dilemma comes in various forms in our everyday activities. An environmental engineer who has a code of conduct in his/her career and the ethical dilemma in his/her line of work can alter either his/her moral principles or ethical conduct.
For example, an environmental engineer who has the mandate to publish a report on the possible health risks associated with citing an oil refinery in a community will be at dilemma with his/her ethics and moral values. The ethical code for the environmentalist is to make sure that the welfare of the environment is safe. In addition, if he/she foresees any obstacle to that rule, he/she is to alert the public and the government.
There will be a clash of interest for the engineer who has an initial goal of providing a report that will suit his/her employer. On getting to the community, the engineer who carries out series of tests and surveys may notice that the soil has potential hazards for the host community; then the question is if the project should continue. Such a situation is seen as an ethical dilemma for the engineer.
If he/she chooses to act right, he/she will violate the objective for which he/she was hired by his/her employer. The risk of being laid off or replaced with a competent environmentalist is obvious. Should the one be laid off, that person will have no derived gain because of his/her good decisions.
In the above example, the engineer will definitely go ahead in publishing his/her report, either for or against his/her moral principle. Ethics is challenged with moral principle. An employer may even use financial gains to satisfy the employer’s interest in the report. Such a report may not include a full evaluation of the situation as it violates his/her ethical code of conduct.
In taking such a decision, a person will have to consult with various agents and minds, and take his/her decision based on some conditions prevailing at that time. If there are incentives specified for such a position, it will be easier for the engineer to take a bold stand. However, in cases where there are no such arrangements, the engineer will go against his/her ethical code.
Remember that whichever decision the engineer makes, it can be right and significant in his/her final report. In completing the assignment, an in-depth assessment of the location may be covered so as not to reveal the extent of damage. This situation is termed ethical dilemma. Sometimes, it means choosing between two rights, or even two wrongs. The engineer finally finishes his/her report with possible omissions of real facts, or the careful use of words that will not create tension to the already volatile situation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More “I will ensure that my customer’s satisfaction comes first in my business”
This is a statement of ethical conduct related to how an individual will carry out his/her business deals. By putting the customer’s satisfaction first, the seller will ensure that his/her goods and services meet their standard and satisfaction. However, an ethical dilemma may arise in the business clashing with personal interest. If the commodities purchased do not actually fit in the business, meet the existing standards or fall short of the desired quality.
The individual is in clash with his/her ethics and moral obligation. However, the seller will not throw away bad goods but rather work hard to sell them. This situation becomes challenging as he/she tries to sell the products and at the same time fight against his/her conscience. The person knows that the products are not genuine and of inferior quality but still continue to sell them, while providing false justifications of its authenticity.
For any given market, the key to continuous stay in sales is profit. This can justify one’s actions as it relates to the ethical dilemma the one faces in business. The ability to make profit means that the person either buys using cheaper sources or sells at a high price. It can also be a combination of the two, which is buying it cheap and selling it high. Thus, the seller does not consider if the qualities of the commodities are sub-standard. What he/she looks at is the availability of the products and continuous presence in business.
Nevertheless, this is an ethical dilemma because it is not in line with ethical codes of conduct. The individual will have to purely accept to do business with his/her customers without moral principle in such a case. The essence of the ethical code is defeated. Therefore, the one has to lie about the standard of his/her commodities in order to remain in business. Ethical dilemma is said to be a conflict within our actions.
The U.S and Japanese Ideas of Policing Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Police officers share a set of attitudes, norms and values that are very essential in their extremely tough working environment. It is these set of values and attitudes that constitute what is referred to as the policing culture. The police culture has been dynamic in recent times due to philosophical and organizational changes that have completely eroded the conventional meaning of police culture.
The policing culture is very difficult to understand because personal characteristics of officers are completely different from their occupational characteristics. Conventional wisdom portrays a completely different notion about the outlook of police officers. The policing culture varies from one country to another because each country has its unique structures and code of conduct of the police. This paper will examine the similarities and differences between the policing culture in the U.S and Japan.
The policing culture is very broad and it consists of both the organizational and the occupational culture. The modern policing culture in the U.S and Japan has been inherited in order to maintain historical legacies (Dammer, 2010).
Routines like parades and saluting are part of the policing culture that has been around for a very long time. Police officers in the U.S and Japan are expected to be physically and mentally strong at all times. This policing norm makes the officers to be reliable and always ready for action when called upon (Gains, 2011).
The American and Japanese police officers have a similar mentality when it comes to masculinity. Feminine traits such as gentleness and sensitivity are not part of the policing culture. Police officers encounter criminals in the course of their duty, and they are therefore expected to be very vigilant (Gains, 2011). The masculine culture is slowly fading due to the inclusion of women in both the American and Japanese police forces.
Group solidarity is another policing culture common in the U.S and Japan police forces. The police have a tendency of isolating themselves from the general public. Police solidarity motivates the officers while at the time increases efficiency in their line of duty.
The culture of solidarity comes naturally within the police force because the officers share similar fates, challenges and histories (Gains, 2011). The culture of group solidarity is sometimes abused by officers because they use it to cover for fellow officers in case of misconduct (Dammer, 2010). The solidarity culture is very common in almost all police forces across the world including Japan and America.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Japan is a politically stable country with the majority of its departments being corrupt free. The police force in Japan is forbidden from corruption and involvement in local politics (Dammer, 2010). It is this sense of integrity that has led to a more efficient police force without having regular police rotation.
A good number of departments in the U.S are corrupt and therefore rotation is meant to restrain the police force from being involved in corruption and local politics. Uniforms are part of the police culture that is meant to give them identity and legality when dealing with citizens. The culture of uniforms is very common in both the U.S and the Japanese policing culture (Das, 2003).
The number of policemen in Japan is small compared to the number of police officers in the U.S. Despite their small number, the Japanese police force is more effective and efficient because the Japanese police have a culture of maintaining a close relationship with the citizens (Das, 2003). Apart from law enforcement and crime prevention, the Japanese police are also involved in resolving domestic disputes.
The U.S police are only involved in law enforcement and crime prevention. It is this culture of maintaining a close relationship with the public that has considerably reduced the Japanese government’s spending on correction facilities, courts and police (Dammer, 2010). The situation is completely different in the U.S because the U.S Government spends a lot of money on security including massive recruitment of the police every year (Das, 2003).
The policing ideas in Japan are very different from the ones used in the U.S because Japan has a homogenous culture that promotes peaceful co-existence. The homogenous culture in Japan gives their police force an easy time in doing their job because the police do not have to deal with racial and cultural conflicts (Dammer, 2010). The Japanese police encounter very few hate and racial violence crimes compared to their U.S counterparts.
The fact that the Japanese police force comes from one race makes it easy for the officers to work together because their cultural and occupational norms are very similar (Dammer, 2010). The American police force consists of officers from different races and this may lead to ideological differences within the police force. Maintaining law and order in a multi-racial community is a difficult call for the police officers because they have to come up with special tactics for each culture.
The Japanese society is associated with politeness and this is also replicated in their police force. The situation is very different in America where the police are known to be aggressive with politeness and gentleness not being part of their vocabulary (Dammer, 2010). The aggressive nature of the U.S police force is attributed the type of environment that they operate in.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The U.S and Japanese Ideas of Policing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Crime is very prevalent in the U.S compared to Japan, and this makes police officers to use some excessive force when bringing some situations under control. The structured nature of the Japanese society enables police officers to develop a good relationship with the public. The Japanese culture lays much emphasis on groups where every person belonging to a particular group is expected to guard the interests of the group (Dammer, 2010).
The actions of every group member are supposed to affect the group in a positive way. The group philosophy is strictly followed in Japan right from the family level to places of work. The Japanese police officers are able to solve many problems because of the positive group influence (Dammer, 2010). The U.S police force lacks this form of positive peer pressure that is advantageous to the Japanese police force. According to the Japanese culture, peer pressure that leads people to doing good things is what brings development to the community.
There are quite a number of factors that make policing ideas and culture in Japan to be different from those in the U.S. To begin with, Japan has strong gun control laws compared to the U.S (Gains, 2011). The size of American population is almost twice the population of Japan.
Enforcing law and preventing crime in a very populous country like the U.S needs special police tactics and ideas. Some of the most prevalent crimes in the U.S compared to Japan include drugs and firearm crimes. Bravery and secrecy are essential elements of the police culture.
Brotherhood and solidarity build the working personality of the police force in Japan and America (Gains, 2011). Authoritarianism is embedded in the culture of the U.S police force. There are situations where the police feel overwhelmed because they are expected to play many roles with some of the roles being beyond their knowledge. The value system of police officers depends on the kind of training that the officers receive.
The training of police officers in the U.S puts much emphasis on crime prevention than maintaining a good relationship with the public. It is a great challenge to harmonize the police culture in the U.S because of the sociological and anthropological differences within the police force (Gains, 2011).
In conclusion, the policing culture in Japan and America has a fair share of similarities and differences. The homogenous nature of the Japanese culture is what makes policing in Japan to be much easy compared to the U.S. Solidarity and brotherhood are some of the universal elements of the police culture in many police forces across the world.
The police are always associated with aggressiveness and brutality especial during violent situations. The Japanese police force has a different approach to policing that involves building good relationships with the public.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The U.S and Japanese Ideas of Policing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The aggressive nature of the American police force has been influenced to a large extent by the high number of crimes that take place in the U.S. The American police are completely isolated from the public as a way of maintaining their secrecy. Social, cultural and racial orientation of country has a great influence on the country’s policing culture. Japan has the most effective policing system compared to the U.S because of its homogenous cultural orientation.
References Dammer, H., (2010). Comparative criminal justice systems. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
Das, D., (2003). Police mission: Challenges and responses. New York, NY: Scarecrow Press.
Gains, L., (2011). Policing in America. New York, NY: Elsevier.
Empowerment of print Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Empowerment of Print
Introduction A deeper understanding of written and print media of communication can help understand its impact on the modern world. For instance, the growth of the human species does not develop naturally. It is achieved through the technology of writing that this transformation is attained. This paper looks into the aspect of empowerment of print.
Empowerment of Print Over the years, writing or public media have been highly regarded because they have helped to transform human consciousness. Writing has reconstituted originally spoken language to a visual space. This has formulated a platform where culture can be passed on to other generations. However, this is under scrutiny. It is evident that, over the years, print has liberated, educated, and exposed information to the masses leading to empowerment (DeGregori, 22).
The line between literacy and print is very thin. For instance, comparing the information, fiction, science, or any other aspect that is contained in a book cannot be equated to mere utterance. Thus, it is very evident that print media have had multiple effects on the modern society. This applies to institutions, churches, economy, and even the government. For instance, modern day print media has led to a revolution from oral-based education to the modern platform, which is adhered to by many people.
The modern education system has facilitated the use of charts and other logical diagrams when formulating analysis. Print has also enhanced the management of knowledge. For instance, the use of dictionaries help in providing correct language. With regards to economic development, print has facilitated ownership of words. Unlike the primary culture that would encourage the sharing of themes and ideas, the modern print culture has encouraged the use of proprietary rights (Briggs
Do Women Have More to Gain or More to Lose from Migration than Men do? Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
People have different reasons for migrating to other places. During this process, they experience diverse challenges and impacts upon settling in foreign countries. Women, in this case, have some reasons for their migrations. At first, women face diverse challenges in securing visas in order to move to their countries of choice.
In comparison, the females undergo several problems than the benefits while in the foreign land. From this point of view, women have more things to lose as an alien than men do. Notably, if a female wants to migrate, she experiences more difficulties in securing travelling documents like clearance forms at the immigration department and obtaining a visa than the male counterpart does.
For example, some countries have extremely strict policies on women migration to foreign nations than men. Evidently, these scenarios affect the women psychologically, as these are gender-based forms of discrimination that needs to be addressed worldwide. These inequality acts can cause low self-esteem in women; thereby, lowering their work productivity.
When these migration rules seem tough for women, they ensure that they reach their destinations by opting for other illegal means. An example of these options is human smuggling. At the same time, smugglers exploit these women sexually and criminally.
At present, most of these women have contracted HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. These acts do not only cut short their dreams but also shorten their life span. This vulnerability makes women lose more than men do. In line with this, women secure low paying jobs such as caregivers, sex workers, domestic house workers, and mail-order brides.
Although they receive cash in return for their services, their economic status remains incomparable to the native women in the foreign country. Moreover, they are exposed to harsh working conditions; for example, no job breaks, no rewards for overtime work, and even verbal abuses. From the onset, these jobs are exploitative and are always meant for those people who are at the lower end of the socio-economic status.
Sadly, the change in earning level sways most women, especially mail-order brides, into abusive marriages. As a result, the women lose their dignity, self-esteem, and worth. These women can also incur physical injuries, hence leaving a stressful life. This is contrary to men, who do skilled jobs and are accorded automatic job protection cum benefits.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, most women migrate in order to unite with their families. From the economic point of view, these women do not add substantial values to their husbands’ incomes. Apart from the family unification, these women mostly deals with household chores and to some extent, settle for low paying jobs since they have no skills.
From another point of view, if a woman migrates to seek employment in the diaspora, the husband leaves all the family responsibilities to her. Culturally, most men do not feel comfortable if their wives earn more money than they do. For that reason, men will tend to forgo other responsibilities so that the wives’ earnings are used up. Such women will feel more burden than when they had not secured a job.
Alternatively, if women go to foreign countries and leave the entire family behind, naturally, they socially suffer the disconnection from the families than men do. This lose of touch make the females feel some guilt, as they miss the physical presence of their families, especially the children. Most men also do not care about the well-being of the children and even the household chores, as they associate these responsibilities with females.
Therefore, migration among women is more of a double responsibility. This divided attention can lower their work output at the workplaces thus leading to layoffs. Further, such women can develop health complications due to stressful lives. Thus, in migrations women have more to lose than gain as compared to men.
Women: Their Careers and Family Lives Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Introduction At present, many researchers still focus on inequality between females and males in their career lives. However, job opportunities for genders are largely equal now and it is possible to state that the choice of the path depends on the person. Thus, lots of women focus on their career and find their life satisfying.
Other females are more concerned with their family lives and do not strive for higher positions within companies. It is also possible to trace development of new attitudes towards roles within the family. Thus, several decades ago women were supposed to spend more time with their families doing housework and looking after children. At the same time, men were supposed to work and they hardly helped their wives about the house.
Now men are more helpful and it is a normal practice when a man does certain housework. These trends are apparent when talking to women of different ages. Importantly, it is clear that now roles acquired by women largely depend on their own choice, their personality and their occupational success rather than on societal conventions and prejudice.
Comparison of the Two Women The present paper is based on the data obtained during two interviews with two women. One of these women is Janice, 69, who works half-time in a dry clean shop. The other woman is Ann, 36, who is a manager of an apartment. Both women are married. Janice has two children and she also has five grandchildren.
Ann does not have children but she has “fur-babies”, three dogs. Both women changed jobs, but they had different reasons to do that. Notably, the women think that their careers did not intrude in their family life and vice versa. It is also important to add that both women have good relationships with their husbands and they have not had serious quarrels because of their careers.
However, there are quite many differences between the women and their paths, especially when it comes to their careers. The major difference is concerned with their priorities. Thus, Janice is focused on her family while Ann is concentrated on her career more.
Janice decided to work-part time to spend more time with her children and she also spent several years at home while her second child was little. However, Ann does not have children and she does not plan to have children in the nearest future. She has not changed jobs to spend more time at home but she was looking for better opportunities for her career development. Ann strives for promotion and success in her career life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The women’s relationships with their husbands also differ. Thus, Janice has a typical for the twentieth century attitude towards marriage and gender roles within the family. In other words, she does all the housework and she used to take care of their children. Janice does not see anything wrong about this type of roles.
On the contrary, Ann does not do all the housework. Her husband does the cooking and she does the washing-up. Ann admits that her husband helps her about the house whenever he has time. She also adds that there are no specific roles in their family.
Key Factor That Contributed to the Women’s Choice Priorities
It is necessary to note that several decades ago women did face many constraints as there were specific gender roles, but in the twenty-first century women have more opportunities and their careers depend on their personalities and their desires (Hakim 290). What is more, now women tend to strive for their career development more.
For instance, Hakim argues that nowadays “the differences between men and women’s career goals are smaller than sometimes thought” (279). Many women are not concerned with creating families and try to succeed in their career lives.
Notably, there is such term as “glass ceiling” that refers to the opinion that women are less committed to succeed in their jobs, and, therefore, less “promotable” (qtd. in Correll et al. 1334). Researchers admit that in many cases women have to face issues associated with the glass ceiling effect (Forret
Differences and Similarities between Refugees and Economic Immigrants Essay college application essay help
Communities commonly immigrate to foreign countries only when they think that it is extremely necessary. Refugees and economic immigrants relocate from their home countries to foreign countries for different reasons. However, the groups of immigrants also frequently experience various challenges in the host countries. Apart from different challenges that face individual immigrants, there are similar experiences, such as assimilation, ethic pluralism, among others that different immigrant communities encounter.
Refugees are immigrants who flee from their home countries due to political or ethnic persecutions. On the other hand, economic immigrants flee from their home countries for economic reasons. Host governments do recognize them. However, this is not usually the case with refugees. Asylum seekers often arrive to the host countries illegally.
Refugees encounter several severe issues. These issues include living in temporary and sub-standard camps, difficulty in returning home voluntarily, unlike economic immigrants, and making dangerous trips. Another distracting experience in the lives of refugees is frequent denial of asylum status due to lack of relevant documents. In addition, sometimes, lack of documents make refugees wait for many years before getting asylum.
The delays usually force them to return to their dangerous countries, seek asylum in other countries, or stay illegally in the host countries. As opposed to refugees, economic immigrants do not experience these challenges, because they usually plan their immigration before departing for their destinations.
Economic immigrants are people from all over the world. Refugees, on the other hand, commonly originate from politically unstable countries. The refugee migration phenomenon does not touch upon solely poor people. The representatives of wealthy political elites often become political refugees when there is change in their countries’ political leadership that is not favorable for them and can be a threat to their lives.
Nations have developed mechanisms to help internally displaced persons (IDPs) and cross border refugees. Rich and powerful countries frequently intervene during refugee crises. The international community helped refugees in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, in Rwanda in the late 1990s, and in Darfur, Sudan, a few years ago. The UN requires signatory nations to defend the basic human rights of refugees. They prohibit compelling refugees to return to their home countries when their lives and freedoms are still in danger.
Additionally, the UN recognizes the universal right of refugees to claim asylum and endeavors to communicate the same to their member countries. The UN also allows refugees to migrate to First World countries and settle there.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The First World countries, including the US and Europe, have policies that govern the admission of refugees from affected regions of the world and help settle them in their countries. In 2004, over 84, 000 refugees were settled in the United States, Australia, Canada, and European countries. Economic immigrants do not have access to such high-level local and international organizations, because economic immigrants usually live almost normal lives in foreign countries, as they would if back home.
The number of economic immigrants has increased in the last decade. On the other hand, the number of refugees has dropped drastically. The number of refugees declined between 1993 and 2004 by 37%. This is partially due to the fact that conflicts have been decreasing significantly during the past decade. It is also because the number of asylum seekers has reduced considerably, as some governments are less willing to grant asylum to refugees. The rate of economic immigration is increasing steady due to opportunities that globalization offers.
Notably, both refugees and economic immigrants experience a number of issues in common. The issues that affect both of them relate to their adaptation to the way of life of their host countries. These issues are identity assimilation, ethnic pluralism, transnationalism, and citizenship challenges. Identity assimilation is a stage of conformity into the culture and beliefs of the receiving countries. Researchers say that first and second generations of immigrants cannot attain identity assimilation.
However, economic immigrants assimilate faster than refugees do because they freely interact with their host communities. Economic immigrants face more challenges of ethnic pluralism than refugees do. This commonly happens when economic immigrants maintain their home cultures yet work hard to remain socially relevant to their new countries. For refugees, they lead their ethnic lifestyles without pressures to conform. Normally, refugees with similar ethical or political backgrounds dwell in the same camps.
However, refugees do not face issues related to transnationalism, because they do not traverse international borders and do not have positive relationships with their home countries.
The other problem that refugees face is that they are not easily identifiable. Therefore, they experience difficulties with obtaining citizenship in their host nations. Economic refugees, on the other hand, have their relatives and friends back at home, and they are free to travel back home and interact with them. They can also apply for citizenships anywhere and obtain it easier since they are easy to identify.
Economic immigrants enjoy their rights to movement and association. They easily adopt cultures of their host nations. However, they also meet challenges before adapting to the new lifestyles. Refugees can lead better lives if they acquire asylum or citizenship status.
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Do Women Have More to Gain or Lose from Migration than Men do? Essay essay help: essay help
Globally, men and women are involved in the tussle of moving from one point to another to seek for well-paying jobs. All these processes involve challenges that the migrants must face. When these genders migrate to foreign countries, men get jobs in high commercial companies, educational institutions, and hospitals. On the other hand, women are absorbed in jobs like mail-order brides, household workers, caregivers, and sex workers.
Obviously, the payment rates for these two categories of jobs are incomparable. In analyzing the employment fields that the two genders work after migrating to the foreign countries, it is evident that the men gain more than women do. Unfortunately, the society has grouped jobs in terms of masculine and feminine.
Interestingly, these jobs are well paying as compared to the previous jobs that the women immigrants were doing in their native countries. Despite the fact that the feminine jobs are easy to find, they do not only have low pay packages but also have unfavorable working conditions. On the working conditions, the employees are not offered off duty programs, monetary motivation during overtimes, are physically abused, and have no access to labor unions.
For instance, house workers are prone to frequent abuses such as exploitation, forceful sexual advancements, unpaid wages, or salaries, and physical injuries. Conversely, the males enjoy varied services like job insurance, annual salary increments, hardship allowances, active labor unions, and job securities. From this point of view, the gains that women receive verses the loses they incur, reveal that women have more to lose from migration than their men colleagues do.
In connection with the above point, traffickers do illegally take women out of their native countries with an intention of sexually abusing them. The persistent urge for sexual advancements among men makes sex workers remain in high demand. In this 21st century, there is the HIV/AIDS that is mostly transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse. This molesting behavior is not affecting the men immigrants.
The repercussions of sexually transmitted infections are worse. Therefore, the women develop stress-related disorders like stigma, depression, and withdrawal. In addition, these traffickers can use the women in drug peddling, as they believe that such jobs are non-feminine, so the illegal trade would go on unnoticed. The infected women may lead a reckless life and can even spread the virus. In migration, women are the principal losers than the men.
Moreover, in a continent like Asia, governments have formulated tough emigration policies for the women folk. In contrary, men can acquire their travelling documents at ease. In addition, most governments are releasing more visas to occupations that are masculine.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Worse still, these same governments prohibit immigrations based on family reunions. Evidently, these laws are discriminatory to the women folk; they need to be amended to inculcate the interests of all genders. The period when men viewed females as sub-genders, who cannot match the male counterparts should be long gone.
When these happen, women are the ones left to take care of the children. Since men prefer to have fewer responsibilities, they can even decide not to send money back home. The mothers, being emotionally attached to their children, will never leave the kids. They will be the families’ sole providers. It beats logic that men can also decide not to come back to their native countries.
This situation makes women miss the emotional companionship. Remarkably, these women will struggle physically and mentally to ensure that they put food on the table. Again, they will undergo emotional struggles in order to maintain their marriages and families. From this viewpoint, obviously, women have less to gain from the overseas migration phenomenon.
Women who secure jobs in the foreign countries realize upward movements in the socio-economic status. However, this is incomparable to men’s changes of status. It is worth to acknowledge the economic strength women acquire after migration.
Once again, the women’s economic strengths cannot be compared to that of men. Unfortunately, such women may pose ‘financial threats’ to their husbands. Certainly, men always feel insecure if their wives are earning more than what they earn or if they are jobless, but the wives are employed. Such groups of men can withdraw from household responsibilities like paying utility bills.
The women are left to multitask in order to support the family and even secure or protect their jobs. This scenario traumatizes women. For example, they can come late from work and at the same time, they need to prepare some household routines. These cases are prevalent among families, in developing countries, which move to developed nations like U.S. to seek for employment.
To some extent, some women do migrate to join their family members in the diaspora. These women mainly do this for social aspects than economic aspects. Economically, these women do not become productive in their new houses. Instead, they will concentrate on the household tasks and even secure low paying jobs in their neighborhood. Therefore, women have less to gain from the migration than men do.
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Adaptation Systems for Immigrants Essay best college essay help
Immigrants face numerous challenges as they try to fit into host nations. For a long time, assimilation was the only way immigrants could cope with the challenges of moving into new societies. Assimilation is the process through which minority immigrant groups adopt the dominant culture in a bid to become socially integrated into the host nation.
Most people view assimilation as the process through which a minority group loses its culture and follows the culture of the majority group. However, scholars have defined assimilation as the process through which ethnic and cultural differences between the majority and the minority groups are reduced.
According to various studies, immigrants who culturally assimilate are more likely to experience elevated levels of stress and in some cases; mental problems. This can be attributed to the fact that culture plays a significant role in the development of an individual’s personality.
As such, most immigrants do not cope well in situations whereby they are forced to change their cultural beliefs. Assimilation is an unconscious process that is slow and gradual. Through this process, the weaker culture borrows various cultural traits from the dominant culture and the stronger culture can also adopt some cultural traits from the weaker culture. As such, assimilation is a two-way process.
On the other hand, ethnic pluralism refers to a situation whereby different cultures coexisting in the same society have not assimilated and each maintain its own cultural identity. Groups that adopt ethnic pluralism may share some common activities but maintain their individual lingual, religious and value systems. One of the main disadvantages of ethnic pluralism is that it segregates people in society, thereby creating a path for discrimination based on race, ethnicity and social status.
Transnationalism refers to a situation whereby migrants maintain social ties with their home nation across national borders. This has been made possible and easier as a result of globalization. Nowadays, there are faster and cheaper methods of communication and transport that allow people to stay in touch.
Similarities between these immigration systems is that they involve different cultures, enable different cultures to learn from each other and enable culturally different groups to coexist within a given geographical area. In regard to differences, each system has a different level of acculturation and assimilation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cultural assimilation leads to a situation whereby the weaker culture is completely absorbed by the dominant culture. In ethnic pluralism, groups maintain their cultural identity despite the fact that they coexist in the same geographical region. In transnationalism, individuals are able to practice their culture and that of the host nation without being subjected to forced cultural assimilation.
Considering that assimilation has been proven to cause negative psychological effects on immigrants, the best option would be transnationalism. This is attributed to the fact that this method of adaptation has numerous economic benefits to the host nation, as well as the immigrants’’ home nation.
Migrants can send money home to support their family. This money is used to develop the economy of the migrant’s country. Similarly, immigrants who start businesses within the host nation contribute to the development of the economy through exportation, importation and establishment of international business relations.
In addition, transnationalism enables immigrants to participate in the politics of their home nation, as well as those of the host nation. They can submit their votes through absentee ballots and can lobby in the host nations. Socially, transnationalism enables immigrants to stay in touch with their loved ones back at home at all times. They are also able to transfer knowledge and technology from the host nation to their home nation with relative ease. This facilitates social and infrastructural development across borders.
On the same note, transnationalism enables immigrants to maintain their professional, ethnic, national and social class identity. In most cases, transnationalism enables immigrants to maintain their national identity while gradually strengthening a national identity with the host nation.
This makes it easy to adapt and develop transnational identities. In the long run, immigrants who adopt transnationalism develop cultural competence in different countries as a result of their established transnational identities. Similarly, cultural erosion is less likely to occur in transnationalism.
Unlike assimilation and ethnic pluralism whereby weak cultures may be influenced to join the dominant culture, transnationalism enables immigrants to determine their cultural preference. Since people have constant ties with their home nation, it is very difficult to influence or corrupt their cultural preference. This ensures that immigrants remain loyal to their country despite their geographical location.
We will write a custom Essay on Adaptation Systems for Immigrants specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusively, migration is among the leading causes of identity change. In a bid to fit in, immigrant often change their mannerisms. Depending on the prevailing situation within the hoist nation, immigrants may suffer deleterious effects as they try to adapt to the changes within the host nation.
As such, one should choose an adaptation system that does not conflict with his/her beliefs. Considering the risks associated with immigration, transnationalism provides a viable avenue through which immigrants can improve their lives without necessarily abandoning their cultural heritage.
East Meets West Essay writing essay help
This paper describes intriguing accounts of various encounters of people between the ninth and 17th century. Ibn Fadlan, an Arab Chronicler, gives an account of his encounter with the Rus (One of the Swedish tribes) in the ninth century. Fadlan experienced a different culture from his Arabic. He described it as an alien and backward culture. Referring to the Rus, he says, “They are the filthiest of God’s creatures”.
Xavier, a Jesuit missionary, gave a historic account of his first encounter with the Japanese people in the 15th century. He described the Japanese as the best people known among the heathens. “Portuguese Views of Chinese” is an account of the first impression the Portuguese had upon encountering the Chinese.
Canton described the Chinese as foolish people without knowledge of war. He also described, He also described the Portuguese plan to invade and conquer China through a military warfare. “Commentary on Foreigners from Ming official” is a description of the opinions of the Chinese about foreigners. According to the commentary, the foreigners invaded China at first without much effect.
They were friendly in their engagements. However, their settlement and participation in Chinese trade had become intolerable because of their infiltration of Chinese culture with their foreign cultures. The Ming official described a plan of evicting foreigners from the Kingdom of Ming in the commentary.
In general, East Meets West is a description of various encounters of people between ninth and 17th century. Each of the four encounters had a different reception by the involved parties. The Eastern and Western encounters formed a prelude to major trends in world history. Briefly, the four perspectives of encounters of different people in the past had similar reactions.
St. Francis Xavier, a Jesuit missionary of the 15th century, landed in Japan in 1552 on a missionary journey to spread Christianity. The warm reception he was given by the Japanese made him describe them as “courteous people”. He described the Japanese as the best and most friendly people in the heathen world. He described them as slow to anger and violence, despite their high regard for arms.
Xavier also described the Japanese as people who had high regard for their arms and intolerance of contemptuous words and insults. He envisioned an easy missionary work of converting Japanese people to Christianity because of their high literacy and willingness to listen to foreign ideas. Besides many praises, Xavier also described the Japanese people as sinners because of their tolerance of some social evils such as the generational class system.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Fadlan described the Rus as a backward people with primitive cultural practices. He described the fondness and love of Rus men for women. He noted in his encounter that each man had several slave girls for his sexual gratification. This cultural orientation made Fadlan describe the Rus as filthy people with barbaric cultural practices. Backward funerary rituals and human sacrifice are among the cultural practices of the Rus people that Fadlan regarded as barbaric.
These cultural practices are different from the Islamic practices known to Fadlan. He saw several men line up to have sex with one slave girl in a funeral ceremony. Fadlan found this an awkward and filthy practice. Fadlan encountered the Rus on an emissary journey to the King of Bulgars of Middle Voga in 921 A.D. He was in service of the Caliph of Baghdad. The encounter can be described as positive because of the warm reception he was given by his horsts in their territory and guidance to understand their culture.
The Portuguese people encountered the Chinese in the 13th century as trading partners. Although, their first voyages were navigational and missionary ventures for exploring new lands and spreading Christianity, the Portuguese also explored mineral resources that interested their country. The Portuguese exchanged silver with Chinese ceramics, silk, and cotton.
The Chinese people accorded the Portuguese visitors a warm reception and accommodation without resistance. The Portuguese took courtesy of their horsts for foolishness and cowardice. In a letter written by Canton in 1517, the writer described the Chinese as foolish and cowardly people who had never fought in a war. Canton also described them as people with high regard for themselves. He said that the Chinese people referred to foreigners as savages and their country as the kingdom of God.
Despite the warm reception towards the Portuguese, Canton described in the letter the ill motives of Portugal to attack and conquer this new foreign land. The Portuguese wanted to control Chinese trade and gain profit from the immense resources of China. They successfully besieged and took control of all trade routes in the Indian Ocean in the 15th and 16th centuries. They introduced the pass system, otherwise called the Cartaz, which required all merchants in the trade network to pay a fee to them.
The commentary on foreigners from a Ming official was a negative reaction the Chinese people developed against foreigners. The Portuguese and Spaniards entered China as trade partners. However, their settlement in the Asian country caused inconveniences to the Chinese. The Portuguese infiltrated Chinese culture with western lifestyle, which the Chinese people considered backward. In this commentary, the Chinese people wished for the quick exit of all foreigners from their land.
This perspective differs from the first view the Portuguese had about the Chinese. The Portuguese viewed Chinese foolish and cowardly people in a rich territory for them to conquer. In the second perspective, the Chinese people discovered the ill motives of their visitors and wanted to terminate their relationship with them.
We will write a custom Essay on East Meets West specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, the above description of the four perspectives showed that various people in the past reacted differently to encounters with others. Fadlan’s encounter with the Rus people was intriguing. He encountered a sharp clash of cultures and religious practices. Fadlan encountered funerary rituals that were unheard off in Baghdad.
Xavier’s encounter with the Japanese people was awe striking. Xavier described the Japanese as the best people among the heathens. The Portuguese encounter with the Chinese people was very positive during the first time. However, with time, the Chinese developed hatred for foreigners because of the clash between western culture and local Chinese culture.
Bibliography Montgomery, James E. “Ibn Fadlan and the Rusiyyah”.” Journal of Arabic and IslamicStudies 3, (2000):n.p. Print
Tignor, Robert. “Contact Comerce, and Colonization. 1450s-1600.” In Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the Modern World from the Mongol Empire to the Present, by Robert Tignor, 511-550. New York : Norton
Spare the Rod and Save the Child Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Societal obligation to morality
Introduction The society tasks parents with the obligation of disciplining their children. This ensures that the children become morally upright adults in future. Disciplining children at an early age is more effective than disciplining children when they are much older. Failure to discipline children may have dire consequences. However, the means of disciplining children have been a source of heated debate. Various parties argue that spanking is an efficient form of disciplining children.
On the other hand, other parties argue that spanking children may do more harm than good. In the US, the black community has historically been a victim of discrimination. Therefore, the black community believes that a black child’s indiscipline may have dire consequences than that of a white child. Hence, parents should use all the necessary means to ensure that their children are well-behaved. Spanking is one of the means of disciplining children that parents may use (Patton para 3).
Spanking Childhood mistreatment has dire consequences on the psychological development of a child. However, there is no clear understanding of the effects of spanking on the psychological development of a child (Healy para 2).
Research conducted by two Canadian universities showed that adults who received physical punishment during their childhood, had a higher risk of suffering from personality disorders and substance abuse (Banks para 4). The research linked between two and seven percent of mental disorders to childhood physical punishment. The research concluded that parents should not use physical punishment to discipline their children regardless of their age (Healy para 3).
However, the research did not determine whether mental disorder may be the primary reason why parents spanked the children. Emotionally disturbed children may engage in mischievous activities, which may irritate their parents. This may make their parents spank them (Banks para 14). The parents may believe that spanking prevents the development of ill behaviors.
Generally, the black society believes that spanking children prevents them from various societal ills (Patton para 9). Therefore, parents believe that they are spanking their children as a means of offering love and support (McLoyd, Hill and Dodge 255). However, spanking may make children engage in the activities that parents loathe.
The black community’s has a controversial stand on physical punishment. Despite the fact that the NAACP opposes corporal punishment in schools, the organization supports physical punishment of children by their parents (Patton para 15). Therefore, it is ironical for the organization to support physical punishment in one setting and oppose it in a different setting. The organization should have one stand on physical punishment regardless of the setting.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Societal obligation to morality According to Singer, it is the duty of everybody in the society to ensure that the society has acceptable moral standards. It is the duty of a morally upright society to strive to reduce the suffering of other people. Singer presents his argument by claiming that it is wrong for individuals within the society to die due to lack of food, shelter or medical care (Singer para 5). Everyone in the society should have access to these basic needs.
It is the duty of individuals within the society to prevent such deaths from occurring. However, in so doing, the society must not sacrifice something that is of comparable moral importance (Singer para 6). It is wrong for an individual to watch as a child drowns in a pond when the individual can prevent the death. The individual should prevent the child from drowning. This is despite the fact that this may make the clothes of the individual become muddy (Singer para 7).
According to Springer, it is the duty of the society to ensure that something bad does not happen. Springer argues that anybody who has the financial means of easing the suffering of other people should do so. Helping the poor is not charity; it is the duty of everyone in the society.
The society usually praises people who are charitable but does not condemn people who are not charitable. However, this should not be the case. According to Springer, the society should force people who are not charitable to feel guilty by condemning them (Singer para 15). This would encourage more people to be charitable. Thus, being charitable should a be a societal norm.
People usually condemn people who violate various societal norms. People who steal personal or public property may receive moral condemnation from the society. However, the society does not condemn people who indulge in luxury instead of helping the poor or victims of natural disasters. The society should condemn such people. Both failure to help poor and stealing, lead to suffering of the people concerned.
Therefore, the society should reserve equal moral condemnation to both thieves and people who do not give to charity (Singer para 18). The moral needs of the society usually determine the attitudes that a society may have towards certain actions. Therefore, one may argue that it is not vital to reduce the suffering of people in other societies. However, people should not prevent suffering only within their societies. People should also prevent the suffering of people in other societies (Singer para 19).
In alleviating suffering in the society, the major issue is the quantity that one should give. According to Singer, one may give until they reach the level of marginal utility. This is the level at which if one gives more, the individual will experience similar suffering. However, this denigrates the contributor of the aid to the level of the recepient of the aid (Singer para 21). Therefore, it is wrong to for people to give until they reach the level of marginal utility. This is because giving may cause harm to the individual or the dependents of the individual.
We will write a custom Essay on Spare the Rod and Save the Child specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Therefore, using Singer’s argument, it is the duty of the society to ensure proper upbringing of children. In ensuring the proper upbringing of children, the society should not sacrifice something that is of equal moral importance.
Therefore, the society should ensure that parents bring up their children well. However, in so doing, the society should not demean the authority of parents, such that children are no longer respectful to the parents. Failure to spank children does not demean the authority of the children. However, spanking may have long term effects on the children.
Therefore, the society should not spank children at the expense of their future well-being. Spanking children may reduce the immorality of the children. However, spanking may sacrifice something of equal moral importance – the future psychological well-being of the children. Parents or guardians should use means of disciplining children are as effective or more effective than spanking.
Works Cited Banks, Sandy. “Study fuels spanking debate.” LA Times, n.d. Print.
Healy, Michelle. “Spanking’s effects can linger.” USA Today, n.d. Print.
McLoyd, Vonnie C., Hill, Nancy E. and Dodge, Kenneth A. African American family life: Ecological and cultural diversity. Spring Street, NY: Guilford Press, 2005. Print.
Patton, Stacey. “Does the NAACP think it’s okay to hit your kids?” Chronicle of Higher Education, n.d. Print.
Singer, Peter. “Famine, affluence, and morality.” Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol.1 no. 3, 1972. Print.
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The Concepts of Migration and Its Types Essay custom essay help
Migration refers to a situation where individuals and /or family members relocate to a foreign country or region to ameliorate their economic or social prospects. According to the United Nations, a migrant is someone who has lived in a foreign country for a period exceeding one year, regardless of the circumstances that prompted them to move.
Considering this definition, those visiting for shorter durations cannot be classified as migrants. There are several concepts that relate to migration. They include transnationalism, transnational migrants, and migrant transnationalism. Transnationalism refers to any social process that surpasses national borders.
These activities are not confined to a particular country or region. Transnational migrants are those in constant motion. They constantly cross national borders as opposed to settling in one country. Migrant transnationalism refers to a situation where migrants retain and maintain ties with their home countries. This accords them an opportunity to participate in affairs of the host country, as well as their home country.
There are various types of migrant transnationalism. They include economic transnationalism, and political transnationalism. In economic transnationalism, migrants contribute to the economy of the host country, as well as maintain relations with their home country. Such migrants send money back to their country of origin. These remittances are meant to support families that were left behind by the migrants.
The remittances largely impact on the economies of sending countries. In political transnationalism, immigrants participate actively in political activities both in the host and home country. Most immigrants retain right to vote in their home country. However, migrant transnationalism is not a new occurrence. In contemporary society, migration is made easier by technological advancements and developments in international mass media. These factors have increased the visibility of migrant transnationalism.
Migration impacts heavily on the identity of immigrants. Identity refers to consciousness of belonging to a certain social grouping. Types of identity are ethnic identity, national identity, occupational identity, and social class identity. Migration plays a key role in altering identity of individuals.
In migration trends, women are constantly put to focus. Most immigrant women find it difficult to move around and search for employment in the host country. Any form of movement by women impacts negatively on familial bond and structure. This is attributed to the fact that family relations and interactions are anchored on women.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If women are away from their families for long periods, the family gets to realign itself to the prevailing circumstances. Immigrant women earn less compared to men. This is because women are mostly semi-skilled. This makes it difficult for them to get well-paying jobs. In many societies around the world, women are required to stay at home and look after children. This means that immigrant women do not get support from their male partners. Therefore, migration for women is an occasion for possible rejection.
It is evident that women face numerous challenges relating to migration. Women find it difficult to move around with their families. Consequently, they have to arrange on how their families will be catered for in their absence. Immigrant women often perform jobs that are lowly ranked in society.
They work as sexual workers, caregivers, and domestic household workers. These jobs attract poor compensation rates. Women are disadvantaged by their subordinate gender position in society. Their jobs are exploitative and demeaning.
Most women migrate for economic reasons. Others are forced to migrate in order to escape abusive spouses. Others migrate to reunite with their families. Women have more to lose in comparison to men. The circumstances surrounding migration of women are difficult and unique. Women face difficulty in finding employment in host countries. However, men are well placed in terms of employment prospects in the host country.
The Road to the White House, 2012 Essay online essay help: online essay help
Introduction Voter turnout is an important aspect of a free and fair election in a democratic system of governance. A high voter turnout is deemed to be a sign of a healthy democracy (Lee 32). Even though America is one of the leading democracies in the world, its voter turnout has historically remained very low. In the last four decades, the participation of citizens in general elections has been steadily declining due to a myriad of socio-political factors. This paper highlights the measures that can be taken to improve voter turnout in the United States.
Low voter turnout in the US is attributed to the emergence of candidate-oriented campaigns, inadequate electoral competition and the decline in the popularity of party politics (Green and Gerber 66). The rise of a hypercritical press has also contributed to the low voter turnout. Since these factors are difficult to address, more citizens are likely to shy away from the electoral process in the future. However, the following measures can help in motivating citizens to participate in elections.
First, the current electoral process should be replaced with a proportional representation system. The current system discourages voters from participating in elections since a candidate can be declared the winner even if he wins in fewer states than his competitor (Green and Gerber 111).
A candidate can also be declared the winner despite garnering fewer votes than his competitor. This happened in 2000 when Bush was declared the winner despite having fewer votes than Gore. These weaknesses demonstrate that the voters have a limited ability to select their leaders through the voting system. A propositional representation system will eliminate these weaknesses by assuring the voters that their votes will be the ultimate determinant of the country’s future leadership.
Second, some laws that govern the voting process should be changed. Concisely, the voting hours should be extended to allow more people to participate.
Most eligible voters fail to vote due to work commitments. Similarly, conducting elections on weekdays often discourage the working class from participating. Consequently, high voter turnout can be achieved by conducting the elections on weekends. Third, the campaign period should be reduced. Traditionally, lengthy campaigns are expected to give voters adequate time to evaluate the candidates.
In the contrary, long campaigns divert the voters’ attention from campaign activities. Empirical studies reveal that “most voters lack the psychological preparation that facilitates close attention to campaigns when the Election Day is still months away” (Lee 98). Besides, voters are likely to lose interest in campaigns that last for a very long time. Hence, long campaigns produce an uninformed electorate, thereby discouraging participation in elections.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Third, the voter registration process should be reformed. In most states, the registration process is often stopped, at least, two weeks prior to the Election Day. However, most citizens are hardly aware of the registration deadline. Besides, some voters find it difficult to register due to time constraints. Consequently, the registration deadline should be extended.
Registration should be allowed on the Election Day in order to give more citizens the opportunity to participate. The registration process can also be made automatic. For instance, the government can use the list of registered citizens (holders of national identification cards) to create the voters register. Fourth, the media can help in motivating citizens to participate in elections (Green and Gerber 132).
The print and electronic media play an integral role in informing the public about campaign events such as presidential debates, as well as, the policies of each candidate. However, the media has systematically reduced its coverage of political activities in favor of commercial adverts. The electorate is likely to be well informed if the coverage of political events is increased. Thus, the voters will have an incentive to vote.
Fifth, civic education should be improved in the United States. Most citizens are not aware of the importance of participating in elections. Thus, comprehensive civic educational programs should be used to sensitize the citizens on the benefits of participating in elections. Finally, conducting opinion polls prior to the elections should be prohibited.
Traditionally, opinion polls are used to predict the results of the general elections (Lee 122). Voter turnout tends to be low when the polls predict a landslide victory. This is because the citizens tend to believe that their votes will not change the results. Prohibiting polling activities during the campaigns will make it difficult to predict the results. Thus, more citizens are likely to participate in the elections.
Collaborative Essay The Road to the White House, 2012, by All of Us
The main issues in the 2012 presidential elections include economic growth, unemployment and tax policy (Gallup). Additionally, the voters are concerned about the management of the country’s public debt. National security and foreign policies have also featured prominently in the presidential campaigns.
The Republicans have been criticizing President Obama’s economic and energy development policies since the beginning of the campaigns. Obama intends to extend the tax cuts that were introduced by Bush’s administration. The tax cuts are expected to benefit citizens whose income is less than $ 250,000. However, the president has promised to end the tax cuts that are currently being enjoyed by the wealthy.
We will write a custom Essay on The Road to the White House, 2012 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Romney, on the other hand, intends to reform the tax system by introducing a new set of tax cuts. For instance, he has proposed a 20% reduction on personal income tax rate. He has also proposed a reduction in corporate tax by 5 percentage points, as well as, the elimination of the estate and capital gain taxes. In 2011, Obama focused on pursuing green energy development policies.
However, in early 2012 he made a dramatic change in his energy development policy by deciding to exploit all energy sources rather than focusing on clean energy. Romney, on the other hand, favors the development of non-renewable energy sources such as oil and gas. His energy policy is based on the premise that the non-renewable energy sector can create more jobs and significantly improve energy supply in America.
The Republican presidential primaries began in 2011 with several candidates competing for the party’s nomination. By February 2012, there were only four candidates left in the competition. They included Mitt Romney, Newt Gingrich, Ron Paul and Rick Santorum. Romney was nominated as the party’s presidential candidate in May, after winning the support of 1,144 delegates. President Obama was nominated as the presidential candidate for the Democratic Party in September after he won the support of more than 2778 delegates.
The Republicans held their national convention in August 2012, whereas the Democrats held their convention in September 2012. During these conventions, the parties focused on criticizing each other. The parties seemed to have adopted similar political values. Consequently, the conventions produced political strategies which were more or less the same.
The Republicans focused on highlighting the weaknesses of their opponents by describing them as people who discourage individual success and free enterprise (Harris and Vandehei). The Republicans also described their opponents as people who prefer the European-style welfare state.
The Democrats adopted a similar approach by describing their opponents as people who look alike and have little concern for the less fortunate. The Democrats also accused their opponents of having the intentions to control Americans’ sexual and reproductive freedom. Most voters find it difficult to make a decision concerning the candidate to vote for due to the similarities in the policies and political strategies that have been adopted by the two parties.
Since the beginning of the campaigns, the candidates have focused on popularizing their policies in order to win voters’ support. Romney was deemed to be the winner of the first presidential debate. However, Obama was considered to be the winner of the second and the third debates (Gallup).
In the third debate, Obama won the support of the audience by clearly specifying his positions on foreign policy and his past achievements. Generally, Obama has received favorable ratings on healthcare, energy and taxes. Romney, on the other hand, has received positive ratings on economic policy, as well as, his stand on federal budget deficit. The results of the 2012 presidential election will be determined primarily by the candidates’ ability to articulate the socio-economic issues that the country is grappling with.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Road to the White House, 2012 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Gallup. This Week’s Top Stories. Gallup, 27 Oct. 2012. Web.
Green, Donald and Alan Gerber. Get Out the Vote: How to Increase Voter Turnout. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print.
Harris, John and Vandehei Jim. Two Conventions Tell the Tale of 2012. Politico, 7 Sep. 2012. Web.
Lee. American Voter Turnout: an Institutional Perspective. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.
Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand Held Equipment Term Paper essay help: essay help
Introduction Rapid industrialization in the United States has facilitated the invention of several tools and equipment which are used to produce various goods. Hand and portable powered tools are commonly used in workshops to repair or to manufacture new goods. However, these tools are also health hazards at the workplace (Tillman, 2007, p. 45). Hand and portable powered tools often cause fatal injuries, especially, if they are not used appropriately.
In the US, more than 400,000 emergency room visits per year are attributed to the injuries that occur due to the use of hand and powered tools. Consequently, employers and employees must take the necessary precautions to avoid the injuries that occur due to the use of these tools. This paper will highlight the significant regulatory requirements, the potential hazards, as well as, the recommendations for controlling the hazards that are associated with the use of hand and portable powered tools.
The Regulatory Requirements OSHA requires all employers to ensure that the tools that are being used in their organizations are safe. The employers are also required to collaborate with their employees in order to identify workplace hazards and to implement measures that can help to control the identified hazards. The employees, on the other hand, are required to use the tools responsibly in order to avoid injuries. In this regard, OSHA requires users of hand and powered tools to observe the following regulations.
First, guards must be provided to protect employees from the injuries that can be caused by the exposed moving parts of a hand held equipment or a powered tool (OSHA, 2012). Some of the tools that require safety guards include shafts and flywheels. These tools must always be fitted with safety guards in order to prevent accidents or injuries at the workplace.
Second, all electric tools must be fitted with a three-wire cord that is connected to a ground receptacle. The cord must also be double insulated in order to prevent shocks. Electric tools must be operated according to their manufacturers’ recommendations. Thus, the employers must ensure that all tools have user manuals that guide their use. Additionally, electric tools should be operated in areas with adequate light in order to avoid wrong connections and tripping hazards that can be caused by the tools’ power cords.
Third, pneumatic tools such as chippers and drills must be checked on a regular basis in order to ensure that they are properly fitted to the air hose. The users of these tools must examine them on a regular basis in order to identify and repair the damaged parts (OSHA, 2012). Employers are required to restrict access to areas where tools are being used in order to prevent injuries. Finally, the employees must be trained to use the tools and equipment appropriately.
Potential Hazards and the Typical Areas where they May be Present Hand and portable powered tools are associated with the following hazards. Inappropriate use of hand and powered tools is one of the major causes of injuries at the workplace.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Concisely, tools such as chisels are likely to break if they are used for the wrong purposes. The broken pieces can fly off and hit the user or his fellow workers. Similarly, a hummer with a wooden handle that is either damaged or loosely fitted can cause a fatal accident.
In this case, the hummer’s head is likely to fly off and injure the person who is using it or other workers. Moving parts of equipment such as blades and belts can cause serious cuts if they are not fitted with safety guards (Bohle
Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror Essay a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The act in which a person legally challenges unlawful incarceration is called Habeas Corpus. In the American context, Habeas Corpus is about correcting the violations of human liberty by conducting a judicial inquiry into the legal grounds on which an individual has been detained by a state or federal authority. The American political and social culture revolve around the protection of civil liberties and rights that are manifested in the Declaration of Independence, The Constitution and The Bill of Rights.
Origin The Habeas Corpus Act was first used in England as common law. It was to be found in the Magna Carta though in an ambiguous form. Only the king had the authority to convene a jury. However, King Henry never granted this to the private courts. The petitioner had the privileges of withdrawing a case from the common courts to be tried in the royal courts.
Further changes occurred on the Act during the reign of King Edward 1(Halliday, 2010). In America, the writ can be traced to the passing of the Judiciary Act of 1879 by the Congress. However, in the American context, Article 1 of the American Constitution withdraws this writ from an individual if the person has been proved to have conspired either in person or by affiliation to engage in a rebellion or invade public safety(Wert
Nuclear Power’ Two Opposing Sides Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The debate on nuclear power has taken different directions due to the disagreements it has created among governments. Today, most regimes have justified their possession of nuclear weapons on basis of self defense or what may be termed as “protection of national security against aggression”.
There are many reasons why different nations have remained vocal on the need to be allowed to operate nuclear power plants. On the other side of the debate, there are those countries that believe other nations should not be in possession of nuclear weapons because they pose major security threats in the world. This has been associated with terrorism or crimes of aggression where some powerful nations want to violate rights of others through creating tensions.
The reader will agree that whatever position on nuclear power what matters is the objective or end goal. In ethics, it would refer to ideologies under utilitarianism and deontological moral conception. Thus, should possession of nuclear weapons be based on the desired end as to justify the means? Or is possession of nuclear weapons a malum in se (bad in itself). This will be discussed in due course of the study.
Main Analysis In this section, the researcher will present two reasons why a country’s nuclear power may be justified and one reason why it cannot be supported.
In the past, a government official from North Korea expressed to the UN General Assembly that the country possessed nuclear weapons as a mechanism to self-defense (Tibori 90). Therefore, he blamed Washington (The United States) for quoting the non-proliferation and terrorism act only to interfere with sovereign states.
In addition, the Foreign Minister, then Choe Su Hon, stated that a country’s possession of nuclear power for the sake of self defense (Lackey 54) was in tandem with its efforts towards peace and security (Staff Writers United Nations AFP 1).
Indeed, nuclear weapons may potentially cause great destruction and protracted illness but there is no any particular treaty that deems their use as opposed to the law. The law prohibits use of nuclear weapons if such turns out to be a means of war. The International Criminal Court declined to state that nuclear weapons violate customary international law in every circumstance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As indicated earlier, nuclear power has been condemned due to the fact that it is destructive. Firstly, explosions of nuclear weapons create blast effects, preliminary nuclear radiation, thermal radiation, radioactive fallout and electromagnetic pulse (Sheldon 183).
The other danger is that, upon detonation of nuclear weapons, the explosion spreads to the air where in turn it produces a fireball that travels at a speed equal to that of light (Louka 66). This leads to a hurricane kind of wind which is followed by a heat wave. This, at large, creates more hazards to the environment and even causes death to communities around. In the same vein, the health hazards may create fatal injuries such as burns and thermal radiation (Sheldon 185).
Conclusion The study has demonstrated the opposing sides in as far as nuclear power is concerned. It is acceptable to purport that nuclear power may be used if such is meant to promote peace and security; on the other hand, there lacks a specific law that prohibits possession of nuclear power. On the contrary, nuclear power, especially due to explosions may create damages to the eco-system and even complicate health of human beings.
Works Cited Lackey, Douglas. Moral Principles and Nuclear Weapons. USA: Rowman
What do the Art, Artifacts and Myths of Antiquity Tells us about the Status of Women in the Ancient Society? Essay cheap essay help
Introduction Women in the ancient societies of Egypt and Greece played the roles of wives and mothers. Before the New Kingdom in Egypt, this was more pronounced than in the ancient Greece. Many arts and artifacts that were created in Egypt supported this argument. There is a comparison and contrast between the social status of women of the ancient Egypt and the ancient Greece.
The specific works of arts, artifacts and myths shows the social status of women in the ancient societies. The claim in this essay is in form of an opinion that women in the ancient Greece and the ancient Egypt are assigned the roles of wives and mothers to the children.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary has defined the word art as a skill acquired by the study, experience or observation. In connection to the topic, various arts were created by the painters and artists to portray the characteristics of women and the roles they are to play in the society. An artifact is something created by human beings for practical purposes especially an object remaining from a particular period.
A myth on the other hand is a popular belief or tradition that has developed around something or someone. In the ancient society, people believed the myth that women’s roles are limited to those of a wife and a mother. An antiquity refers to the ancient times before the middle Ages.
The essay focuses on the ancient times in Greece and Egypt. The society is a community, nation, or broad groupings of people having common traditions, institutions, collective activities as well as interests. In connection to the topic, society referred to the community in the ancient Greece and Egypt (Merriam 20).
The roles of Athenian women in 15th Century B.C. were primarily those of a wife and a mother. The myth that was believed by the Athenians required women to stay home and take care of children and the husbands (O’Neal 4). In other words, the culture in the Ancient Greece was that women were not suppose to have other roles apart from those of bearing children and abiding by what the husband has said. They never recognized someone without a husband or children as a woman of integrity in the society.
Women portrayed in the formal tomb paintings of the Old and Middle Kingdoms suggest that their main task was that of a wife and the mother. This traditional myth portrays that the women of the ancient Egypt were left at home to look after the children (Anete 12).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Zeus, the establisher of law and order in the ancient Athens denied women their active roles in the society except that of giving birth and taking care of children. He came up with the moral law and order and took away power from the females. He produced Athena from his head and Dionysus from the thigh to completely take away women’s sole claim as child bearers.
All these vices arose from Ge, the Goddess who gave birth to bad children some of whom were the monsters (O’Neal 4). In case of any bad child being born, the mother was taken to be the cause of the problem.
In the ancient Egypt before the New kingdom, administration and policy making duties were denied of women. However, when the New kingdom came in, the aspect of a woman being the queen was portrayed in artistic work. The idea of the woman being the wife and a mother became a secondary feature (Anete 14).
Men performed political and intellectual rites of the city of Athens. Women did not attend and did not know how to read and write. They were not educated except for the domestic training (O’Neal 6). They were left to perform the household chores. This shows how women were discarded in the community from participating in the day-to-day running of the society.
In the ancient Egypt, the sculptures of women and those of children were smaller compared to men implying that men were powerful and dominant in the society (Anete 15). This artistic work reflects the social difference between a man and a woman in the society where women were to be submissive to men.
In the ancient Greece, the area through which the wife operates according to Xenophon is the house and the care of the household. She was responsible for giving birth and bringing up the children, managing slaves, weaving and teaching slaves how to weave. Penelope was the name given to woman meaning one who practices instructions of the husband (O’Neal 8).
In Egypt, the appearances and lifestyle of women were very important. Hairstyle, dressings, jewellery, make-ups and headdresses portray status and different roles in the society (Anete 15). The decorations of the queen were different from those of the ordinary women. This shows the powers that the queen had in the society.
We will write a custom Essay on What do the Art, Artifacts and Myths of Antiquity Tells us about the Status of Women in the Ancient Society? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The female figure was also portrayed in the art to depict the fertility and the age of the woman. This artistic feature shows that the status of women in the society was that of a mother as they were concerned about the fertility of the women in the society.
The earthy colors of the land such as red, orange and brown influenced the artistic works. Yellow and brown were used to paint the difference between men and women (Anete 16). This traditional myth shows that the ancient Egyptians did not value a woman in the society as they painted their representations with the dark earthy colors.
The dwarfs were treated with utmost respect in the land. They enjoyed high ranks in the society and were buried in nice tombs. The well-known dwarfs were Seneb and the gods, Ptah and Bes. Ptah was associated with regeneration and rejuvenation while Bes protected sexuality, childbirth, women and children (Anete 18). This feature reflects that the woman in the society was categorized as a child
The archetypal Egyptian wife and mother Isis became the symbolical mother of the king. Isis was the link between the deities and the royalty and she was the protector of the young thus often called during injuries and accidents. She was worshipped as the goddess of rebirth, medicine and wisdom (Anete 22).
In conclusion, from the myths, arts and artifacts explained above, it is evident that women in the ancient times are treated as slaves. Various artifacts, arts and myths in the ancient Egypt and Greece portray a woman’s social status as that of a wife and the mother. Women are restricted to the household chores and deprived of the economic, political and administrative duties.
Works Cited Anete, Olivier. Social Status of Elite Women of the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: A comparison of Artistic features. South Africa: University of South Africa. 2008. Print.
Merriam, Webster. Free Online Dictionary. London: Britannica Co. 2012. Print.
O’Neal, William. The Status of Women in Ancient Athens. Toledo: University of Toledo, 2001. Print.
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Disability Management Practices in Canada Report best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Work-life balance programs
Paramedical and physiotherapy program
Offering modified work
Introduction Health, productivity, and well-being of employers and workers in the contemporary society are becoming increasingly vital aspects. The economic, emotional, and social costs of illnesses and injuries are so severe that organisations and governments across the globe are trying to establish practices and policies to alleviate these costs (Akabas and Gates 9).
One of the practices that the government and organisations are adopting is Disability Management (DM). Disability management aims at assisting employees that suffer from illnesses or injuries while in their places of work. Initially, organisations could take staffs suffering from illnesses or injuries to offsite rehabilitation facilities. Nevertheless, the government and organisations are now involved in assisting the affected staff members within an organisation to ensure that their productivity is not affected (Akabas and Gates 11).
Numerous countries are currently introducing disability management practices in workplaces, for instance, Canada, Australia, Britain, and the United States. Some of the practices include work-life balance programs, paramedical and physiotherapy programs, insurance programs, and offering modified work to employees who suffer from disabilities. This paper will focus on some of the best disability management practices employed in Canada.
Work-life balance programs According to a study conducted on employees that take long before resuming to work after injuries or illnesses, the more such employees stay out of their workplaces, the more their chances of returning to work decrease. Employees that are out of work for over two years have 10 per cent chances of returning to the workplaces (Akabas and Gates 12).
The work-life balance program is one of the best disability management practices. The program ensures that employees have enough time to relax after working and take adequate leave. This move helps in ensuring that employees do not suffer from work-related problems like stress, depression, and other mental illnesses.
A work-life balance program is one of the disability management practices aimed at helping employees cope with the challenges encountered during and after an illness or injury.
Whenever an employee suffers an injury or work-related illness and takes long at home, it becomes hard for such an employee to return to the workplace and associate with other employees (Akabas and Gates 13-17). Work-life balance program as one of the disability management practices entails coming up with modalities to accommodate an employee prior to his or her absence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Before the affected employee is allowed to take leave to cope with the illness or injury, the institution comes up with a program to modify the work schedule or workplace for the affected employee. At times, an employee may not be willing to return to his or her initial place of work due to the humiliation s/he went through initially (Akabas and Gates 19-24). Consequently, institutions with numerous branches may offer the affected employee a chance to work in a different branch.
Besides changing the workplace, firms may work with the affected employee to come up with a work schedule that suits him or her, thus ensuring that s/he has adequate time to rest and attend to other personal duties. Through work-life programs, employers establish a work schedule with the help of the affected staff. In return, the staff members feel confident about the company as they acknowledge its concern.
Whenever an employee takes long to return to his or her workplace after an illness or injury, s/he further suffers from the disgrace of the absence. Besides, it becomes hard to relate with other staff members on returning since s/he fears their reaction. Work-life balance programs seek to alleviate these challenges.
They help in ensuring that employees return to work with limited challenges. The program helps in establishing an appropriate method of reintegrating the affected employees into a firm. Besides, the program establishes a working schedule that ensures that staff members have enough time out of their workplaces thus ensuring that they do not suffer from work-related problems.
Paramedical and physiotherapy program Besides the work-life balance programs, the government and Canadian organisations are embracing paramedic and physiotherapy programs as another disability management practice. Institutions are turning to physicians to help them in ensuring that staff members that suffer injuries or illnesses at workplaces receive the best treatment and return to workplaces at the right time (Bruyère and Shrey 227).
In the past, employees were only allowed to return to work if their employers learnt that they were capable of handling all job functions. The best thing with paramedical and physiotherapy program is that physicians help firms in coming up with varied accommodations, limitations, and restrictions, thus helping employees return to work within the shortest period after suffering from illnesses or injuries.
Paramedical and physiotherapy program is a disability management program that Canadian organisations established to promote cooperation between employers and employees in the event of disabilities or illnesses (Bruyère and Shrey 22-234). Through the help of physicians, employers and employees come up with strategies to ensure that employees recover quickly from their illnesses or injuries thus returning to work.
We will write a custom Report on Disability Management Practices in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Physicians assist firms to come up with medical inputs like limitations and restrictions to ensure that employees do not suffer from work-related injuries or illnesses. Moreover, the limitations and restrictions help in ensuring that staff members do not resume working while they still suffer from the illness.
Physiotherapists help institutions in monitoring the recovery of the affected employees and help organisations in establishing a treatment program for the affected ones. Besides treating the affected employees, the program helps firms in coming up with strategies to prevent chances of other staff members suffering from the same problems (Bruyère and Shrey 237-242).
Organisations use Paramedical and physiotherapy program as one of their disability management practices. Through the help of physicians and physiotherapists, institutions come up with programs to help their employees deal with all kinds of challenges that render them incapable of offering their services to an institution.
The program entails establishing limitations and restrictions to ensure that employees do not engage in activities that subject them to health problems. Moreover, it involves treating the affected staff and helping them to recover from the illnesses, thus returning to work on time.
Physicians and physiotherapists are indispensable instruments in helping organisations come up with efficient return-to-work programs. In a bid to enhance the success of paramedical and physiotherapy program, firms should establish a system that ensures timely correspondence among employees, employers, and physicians. Moreover, organisations should monitor their staffs regularly to make sure that they identify those suffering early enough and inform the physicians for timely and appropriate response.
Insurance programs In Canada, employers work in collaboration with insurers in dealing with disability management. The role played by insurers in helping the employees cope with a disability is of immense help to firms.
Insurers help in ensuring that employees encounter a smooth process when returning or leaving the workplace (Creen 5). Moreover, they assist in ensuring that employees do not encounter challenges when switching from one category of disability to another. Insurers are increasingly coming up with measures to address the ever-changing claims situation.
The benefit of insurance is that it helps employees receive their claims without difficulties, thus being capable of accessing medical attention on time (Creen 7). In return, employees do not take a lot of time away from the workplace. Another benefit of this program is that it saves employees from discrimination by ensuring that confidential information about their health does not leak to the employers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Disability Management Practices in Canada by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Insurance program involves a healthy interaction between the insurance agents and employers. With assistance from employers, insurers come up with tailored disability management programs for various employees. The insurer allocates a devoted disability team to an organisation.
This team works closely with employers to identify the challenges facing employees and come up with measures to address the same. In addition, through this program, insurers help firms come up with absence management practices and create a stable return-to-work formula (Creen 6).
Employers and insurers attend regular workshops, which equip them with requisite skills for dealing with intricate disabilities like mental disorders. The program gives employers and insurers an opportunity to monitor how the affected employees are responding to treatment and organise for further consultations, thus ensuring that employees recover from the disabilities within the shortest time possible.
Currently, insurers are working with employers to establish rehabilitation programs and early intervention mechanisms to facilitate in curbing disabilities (Creen 7-9). Besides, they are establishing training and mentorship programs to help employees deal with challenges that result in disabilities.
Insurance program as one of the disability management practices helps Canadian employees receive timely medical attention whenever they suffer from any disability at workplaces. Employers work with insurers to ensure that employees receive financial assistance within the shortest time possible.
Besides, they monitor employees to see that they recover from the disability and organise for further consultations in case they realise that an employee is not recovering as expected. The insurance program not only helps in addressing the disability problems that employees face in Canadian institutions, but also in avoiding chances of employee discrimination by protecting confidential information about their health.
Offering modified work One of the key features of disability management practices is offering modified work to employees suffering from any disability. Rather than dismissing the affected employee, an organisation may make some alterations on job specifications of the affected employee (Westmorland and Buys 31).
Modification may entail cutting down on the workload, reducing the number of hours worked, or assigning the affected employee to a less demanding task. The main reason why this practice is among the best disability management practices is that, it helps institutions maintain their productivity by ensuring that they continue exploiting the affected employees’ skills.
Besides, the practice saves the company from the costs associated with hiring and training new employees (Westmorland and Buys 33). Another benefit of offering modified work to employees suffering from disabilities is that it helps in reducing chances of firms entering into conflicts with employees, which may ruin the organisational reputation.
In Canada, most organisations turn to work modification as one of the disability management practices. Some of the factors that lead to employees suffering from disabilities include workload and the number of hours worked per week.
Employees working in highly demanding jobs tend to suffer from numerous disabilities like backache (Westmorland and Buys 35-38). Therefore, to deal with this disability, firms reduce the number of hours the affected employee works in a week. At times, organisations may move the affected employee to a less demanding job to facilitate in his or her recovery.
Moreover, they make the working environment more flexible to help the employee take a rest at intervals during the working hours. Firms allow their employees to have job control as a mechanism to reduce chances of most of them suffering from work-related disabilities (Westmorland and Buys 39-40). Employers allow their staff to modify their workplaces to enhance their working conditions.
Offering modified work is one of the strategies of disability management practices in Canada. Organisations modify works for individuals suffering from disabilities as a way of helping them return to their full potential with limited difficulties.
The practice entails reducing the workload, number of hours the affected employee works for per week, and transferring the affected employee to a less demanding job. For effective disability management through offering modified work, it is imperative that employers involve the affected employees in coming up with the most appropriate modifications.
Conclusion Organisations are currently switching to disability management practices as one of the methods of dealing with work-related injuries and disabilities. In Canada, organisations use numerous disability management practices. These practices include work-life balance programs, paramedic and physiotherapy programs, insurance programs, and offering modified work to employees who suffer from disabilities.
All these measures facilitate in ensuring that employees who suffer from work-related disabilities return to work with limited difficulties. The practices help institutions overcome costs associated with hiring and training new employees; besides, they help organisations preserve their reputation by ensuring that they do not conflict with their employees.
Works Cited Akabas, Sheila, and Lauren Gates. “Organisational commitment: the key to successful disability management.” American Rehabilitation 16.3 (2006): 9-24. Print.
Bruyère, Susanne, and Donald Shrey. “Disability management in Industry: A Joint Labor-Management Process.” Rehabilitation Counselling Bulletin 34.3 (2007): 227-242. Print.
Creen, Marg. “Best practices for disability management.” Journal of the Ontario Occupational Health Nurses Association 2.4 (2002): 5-9. Print.
Westmorland, Muriel, and Nicholas Buys. “A comparison of disability management practices in Australian and Canadian workplaces.” Works 23.1 (2004): 31-41. Print.
Management is a Difficult Term Essay essay help free: essay help free
Abstract Management refers to gathering of personnel in a work place to achieve set objectives through effective utilization of accessible capital. Management occurs in varied forms that include a process, an activity, a discipline, a group, a science, an art and a profession. Various theories apply in management and must be integrated together to achieve results.
Theories applied in management include the emergency theory, confusion theory, systems theory and theory X and Y. Effectual management involves a cycle that acts as strength of character for success in an enterprise. A management cycle has five key stages.
“Management” is a difficult term because it entails the application of numerous concepts and theories in achieving set objectives. The principal goals of management include acquisition of maximum results with little utilization of resources, escalation of the effectiveness of production factors and the harmonization of running enterprises (Cole, 2004, p.23).
Management exists as a process, an activity, a discipline, a group, a science, an art and a profession (Cole, 2004, p.31). Process management entails directing enterprises through orderly, harmonized and well thought-out human efforts.
Activity management entails achieving goals in an enterprise through directing the efforts of others. This management includes informational duties for the manager, decision-making and interaction of all workers in an enterprise. Discipline management means identifying desirable conduct in managers and the various ways applied in management of an enterprise (Cole, 2004, p.44).
Group management refers to everyone involved in the management tasks of an enterprise. Management science entails a systematic body of knowledge, though not to exact figures. This is because management involves human beings whose behavior is hard to predict (Ghuman, 2010, p.26).
Art management entails application of information and expertise to achieve certain objectives. Profession management entails the use of information, acquisition of recognized instruction and guidance, meeting social obligations, abiding to defined rules of demeanor and registering with associations that embody the profession (Ghuman, 2010, p.47).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Theories on management apply to the general productivity and service liberation by an enterprise (Ghuman, 2010, p.125). Theories applied in managing an enterprise depend on factors such as the nature of the enterprise, rationale of the enterprise and the workforce available to the management.
Universally applied management theories include the emergency theory, confusion theory, systems theory and theory X and Y (Ghuman, 2010, p.133). Emergency theory argues that a manager should make a decision based on key aspects of a prevailing situation (Shields, 2007, p.47).
The systems theory commonly applies to management of enterprises. Systems and personnel found in a work place tend to have effects on each other. A system comprises a multiplicity of organs that labor in unison to meet set objectives. This theory allows managers to assess patterns and proceedings occurring in their enterprises (Shields, 2007, p.55). Confusion theory appreciates the invariable nature of alteration.
An enterprise keeps growing, and its vulnerability in the market increases (Shields, 2007, p.70). The final theory applied in management is X and Y theory. This theory entails the inspiration of personnel at work for optimal productivity. Theory Y argues that workers ought to be naturally motivated to work, and nobody should be responsible if they lack motivation. Theory X applies an authority-oriented leadership style that discourages the participation of workers (Shields, 2007, p.101).
Effective management involves a cycle that acts as strength of character for success in an enterprise (Saaksvuori
Contact Report: Personal Property Auditor of San Francisco Report essay help free
Executive Summary This report is on an interview I did with the Personal Property Auditor of the City of Francisco. We had a discussion on his professional and personal life and what motivates him. This interview describes the auditor’s personality and background. It was done on October 10, 2012, at his office in San Francisco.
The people who work with him describe him as exuberant and intelligent. His zeal and commitment to work has made it possible for the city to collect its highest tax revenues in a decade. He reveals more about his career in this candid interview.
Introduction He starts by informing me what made him opt for accounting as his career. He reveals that he has always been interested in financial reports. He argues that these reports make it possible for the management of a firm to plan for the future and monitor performance. He says a career in accounting offers lucrative growth opportunities even in times of recessions.
Main Body He reveals that, after attaining a bachelor’s degree in accounting, he worked for Wells Fargo in its foreign exchange department. He later became an AR Coordinator at Moscone Center before he left and later became a public accountant. He has worked in various industries in the country as an auditor before getting employed by the City of San Francisco. He has served both private and public clients in different industries.
He cites the independence with which he is able to perform his duties as one thing he likes most about his job. He seems to like the freedom that comes with his current position because he is able to set his own work schedules. He says that he likes working at his own pace because this helps him manage his workload better.
He says meeting rude taxpayers who come to his office once in a while is the least favorite aspect of his job. He finds fault with them because they do not respect their civic duty to pay taxes. He says this has been a blessing in disguise to him because he has learnt better ways of solving problems. He insists that his employer has the required legal authority to collect taxes from taxpayers. The auditor reveals that most taxpayers who visit his office are polite and understanding.
He reveals that, while studying to become an accountant, he did not expect that he would be writing a lot of reports in his career. He has had to deal with it because he submits weekly audit reports as well as work progress reports to the management from time to time.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He says his typical day starts at 6.45 am when he wakes up and arrives at work by 8.00 am. His principal discusses with him work related issues that happened the previous week. The rest of the day is spent serving taxpayers or compiling audit reports in his office. Sometimes, he goes out to inspect business firms and audits their financial records. He also goes to the board on specific days whenever taxpayers lodge appeals to brief the board of his findings.
He says that if he had known how his career would be like many years ago, he would still choose to be an accountant.
His advice to anyone that wants to join this field is, “take up relevant volunteer work in accounting field prior to graduation to help fill out your resume.” He insists that this is the best way to get real life work experience.
Nectar Boutique Essay essay help online: essay help online
Nectar Boutique is an e-commerce website that sells women and children’s clothing, shoes and other accessories. It also sell household goods, although their specialty is mainly clothing. In addition to selling their products online, they have brick and mortar boutiques situated at two locations.
That is, Claremont and Redlands in California. Nectar Boutique was founded in 2005 by David Kelly and his wife Tricia, initially starting as a designer shop, Jean Boutique, in Redlands. They started selling their products online in 2011, expanding Nectar Boutique countrywide and then worldwide under www.nectarclothing.com. The boutique continues to grow, with the owners planning to open a new store annually (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
To purchase Nectar Boutique’s products online, all the customer has to do is log in to the boutique’s website, www.nectarclothing.com. The site contains all the details concerning the products for sale, including pictures, sizes, prices and payment methods and options. The customer then chooses the product he wishes to purchase and informs customer care service via e-mail or telephone.
After informing customer care service on the specifications and preferences of the product, the customer provides his postal details or physical address to which she wants the product delivered. Specifications could be in terms of the color and size. The most commonly used payment method is through credit card.
The customer provides Nectar Boutique with his credit card number, facilitating the payment of the product together with the shipping costs. Once this is done, the product is delivered via post or to the customer’s doorstep, depending on the distance from the nearest store (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
As a business entity, Nectar Boutique is very reliable. This is shown by the positive reviews that the boutique gets from its customers. They have fine tuned their product mix with experience in the industry stretching several years. The boutique associates only with manufacturers of brands that make the best quality products at affordable prices. Such brands provide them with products that are of high quality and of the latest fashions at affordable wholesale prices.
This enables them to sell their products cheaply. One attractive feature of their products is that they sell their products both online and through physical stores. This provides customers with a wide variety of avenues to make purchases. In addition, they offer free shipping for bulk purchases exceeding a given amount. They also offer free gifts for every purchase (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Perhaps the only unfavorable aspect about Nectar Boutique is that they do not have many stores located within the United States. Although they plan to expand in the future, for now customers have to contend with just two brick and mortar stores, all located in California. Moreover, the shipping charges increase for products ordered via the internet from outside the state. However, these are minor setbacks that Nectar Boutique is putting a lot of effort to overcome as soon as possible.
E-commerce has some aspects that are both favorable and non-favorable. According to Fecenko and Huntley (2003), a company such as Nectar Boutique can have a difficult time convincing people to purchase their products online. This is because there is a lot of competition, with companies having to win the trust of customers before they can make any sales.
Having customers access an e-commerce website is one thing, but making them provide their credit card number and make a purchase is another thing altogether. However, e-commerce enables businesses to reach more customs, since there are no geographical limitations.
References About Nectar Boutique. (2012). Nectar Boutique. Retrieved from https://nectarclothing.com/
Getting Tongue-Tied: When the English Language Starts Dominating Rhetorical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction: The Domination of the English Language
Logos: Follow the Train of the Author’s Ideas
Pathos: Under the Spur of the Moment. The Emotional Core
Ethos: Questioning the Author’s Credibility
Conclusion: More than Words Can Ever Say
Introduction: The Domination of the English Language There is no surprise that the role of the English language has increased considerably over the past few decades. Being an international means of communication, English has become the tool that bridges cultures. However, when it comes to English and the national minorities inhabiting the USA, the domination of the former creates the conflict between the English language and the one of the nations in question. Considering the article on the issue by Jameison, one can possibly find the solution to the problem.
Logos: Follow the Train of the Author’s Ideas The first thing to speak of, Jameison’s reasoning is rather impressive. It is essential that the author not only suggests his theories concerning the language acquisition, driving parallels between language and other elements of culture: “For them, the expectation that immigrants will celebrate this country’s holidays, dress as Americans dress, embrace American values, and most importantly speak English is not unreasonable” (Jameison, 2011, 263).
Like a brilliant public speaker he is, Jameison offers sufficient evidence to support his ideas: “For example, when a judge in Texas ruled that a mother was abusing her five-year-old girl by speaking to her only in Spanish, an uproar ensued” (Jameison, 2011, 265). Hence, Jameison’s logos is perfect.
Pathos: Under the Spur of the Moment. The Emotional Core Another important element which helps Jameison convey his ideas efficiently is the appeal to the emotions of the readers. However, it is also worth mentioning that Jameison does not abuse his ability to make the writing emotional; most elements of pathos come in the form of rhetoric questions: “What is this world coming to when people want to speak and make transactions in their native language? Why do they refuse to change and become more like us?” (Jameison, 2011, 265). Therefore, Jameison’s pathos is subtle enough to be efficient and obvious enough to make the article vivid.
Ethos: Questioning the Author’s Credibility However, there is one more component that contributes to the efficiency of the argument most. No matter how reasonable one can be, there is no way to convince people without a decent reputation as a backup. Once the author lives up to the standards which (s)he sets, the audience is most likely to believe in everything that the author has to say, which is the clear-cut case of Jameison and his article.
Although the former does provide sufficient arguments, it is also the narrator’s image that shapes the readers’ attitude. Mentioning that he wrote this article as a student, Jameison makes it clear to the readers that he has been using analytical thinking and unique approach to problem-solving since his being a student. Hence, the trust between Jameison and readers is established.
Conclusion: More than Words Can Ever Say Therefore, it is obvious that, with the help of well thought-out argument and sophisticated structure of his paper, Jameison has managed to convey the essence of the conflict and offer sufficient arguments in favor of promoting the languages of other nationalities. It is important that each of the three elements, i.e., pathos, logos and ethos, are exactly in their places and serve to enhance the argument. Despite some minor slips, the article gets its key message across in the most efficient way possible.
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Comparative Advantage Essay best essay help
Comparative advantage can be defined as the efficiency of a country or a state to produce a certain commodity at a lower opportunity cost compared to another another country. This applies to international trade where a country can produce a certain good or service at a cheaper cost than another nation. Therefore, it only makes sense for the other country to buy from the producing country as it will be cost effective.
International trade refers to the exchange of goods and service between two countries at a price, which is accepted by both countries. A theory can be defined as a discipline of critical thinking and shared ideology on a given topic in science. Thus, the comparative advantage trade theory refers to a clear understanding of the trade that exists between countries that depend on each other for goods and services. In this case, one country can find a market for its goods.
On the other hand, the other country can purchase goods at a cheaper price than it would use to produce the same goods. One country is more efficient than the other in producing certain products. Therefore, it makes sense when both countries get involved in the business. In this case, the country that purchases the goods will shift some of the manufacturing attention to other goods that it can produce at an efficient cost.
Comparative advantage compares the efficiency of the country to produce a product at a cheaper cost than another country given the same economic conditions. There exists a relationship of co-existence between two countries. In this regard, each country can produce a commodity that it can produce cheaply and purchase the ones it cannot produce efficiently (Leamer, 46).
Economics refers to the discipline that focuses on the production, distribution, and consumption of products. It helps to understand the forces of demand and supply that exists in the market. Market forces dictate how certain goods are produced and offered in the market in an effort to satisfy the needs of customers. Thus, in a given economy, it is very hard to produce all goods and service that the economy may require.
Therefore, international trade should be introduced to cater for any commodity that a country may not be able to produce efficiently. A comparative advantage exists if two states differ in technological abilities and resource availability. Therefore, one country can engage in the production of certain goods or services at a lower cost than the other country. This comparative advantage may be as a result of a country having cheap labor or due to availability of capital to produce the given product.
A country may be strategically located in a place where there are raw materials and thus being able to save on transport cost and purchase of the raw materials. Economies of scale favor international trade as production cost fall due to the scale of production. For example, it becomes cheaper to produce larger quantities of goods than producing a small quantity of goods under the same production process. Comparative advantage has been the backbone of international trade and its development.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It has also led to increased efficiency in the country’s industrial production. International trade helps to promote world peace through efficient co-existence between trading partners. Good relations are enhanced through international trade as the countries depend on each other for the production and distribution of goods and services. International trade helps countries to earn foreign exchange, which is vital to facilitate stability of their currency (Maneschi, 12-15).
Comparative advantage allows a country to specialize in the production of a given commodity. Therefore, this country can purchase other commodities that are available in other countries at a much cheaper price compared to the cost of producing such goods under the current economic status.
A country can make good use of the available resources like human skills, education, and talent combined with enhanced machinery to produce goods and services. The country should then establish a better way to acquire the goods and service that it is not able to produce within its economy.
Therefore, the best way is to acquire such goods and services from other countries that can produce them at a low production cost. International trade facilitates the use of the factors of production in an effective and efficient manner. However, this can be costly due to taxes and tariffs imposed on the importation of the goods. Nonetheless, it helps to eradicate delays and low supply of goods.
International trade helps to promote relations between trading partners through the exchange of technology and production skills that increase production scale. Sharing of information and skills is enhanced through international trade where the citizens of these countries share culture. Transport and other infrastructure are improved through international trade as the exchange of goods and service promote the need to have developed transport system (Maneschi, 18-21).
Conclusion Comparative advantage is brought about by one country having a better opportunity cost in the production of a commodity than the other. Comparative advantage has been instrumental in promoting international trade where countries or states exchange goods and service at an agreed price and terms. International trade helps to promote world peace and stabilizes the economies of different countries through the exchange of information and technology.
Works Cited Leamer, Edward. Sources of International Comparative Advantage: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge, Mass. u.a: MIT Pr, 1984. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Comparative Advantage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Maneschi, Andrea. Comparative Advantage in International Trade: A Historical Perspective. Cheltenham u.a.: Elgar, 1998. Print.
Concept of Leadership Skills Research Paper essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
How to be a good leader
Introduction A leader can be defined as someone with the ability to guide and lead others by inspiring them to follow him or her. A leader should influence people to achieve a common goal under his or her guidance through power, vision, and direction. A leader should possess leadership skills that are vital to ensure that he or she can influence people to follow him or her.
Its true leadership skills can be learned and improved by practicing good leadership qualities. A leader has to be someone who can form a realm and inspire them through motivation to be better team players. A good leader should always meet and train his or her teammates and maintain a good working relationship with them at all times.
Setting objectives for all members of the team is a crucial characteristic of a leader. A leader should evaluate the strength and weakness of the members of his or her team and try to harness the best combination to tackle a given task. Thus, the concept of leadership skill is a clear understanding of how a leader can effectively influence people with his or her ethics, beliefs, values, and character (Rossiter, 2009).
A skill refers to the technical knowledge that a person possesses, which helps him undertake a certain task or responsibility. A leader should be differentiated from a boss. In this case, a leader is interactive and open to his or her team members while a boss holds an authoritative figure over the team.
A boss does not involve his team in decision making while a leader involves the team members to make contributions regarding a given decision. A good leader should be trustworthy and instill confidence among team members who view him as their liaison figure in the team. Good communication skills are critical for a good leader as they help him to share information, views, and ideas with team members (Hughes, Ginnett
Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges Research Paper essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Overview of Mass Migration
Causes of Mass Migration
Side A: Against migration
Side B: For migration
Introduction For several decades now, the world has been experiencing mass migration. Mass migration is no longer a new phenomenon since it has existed for several decades, dating back to the 18th century to 20th century with numerous reasons aligning this migration (Bertocchi and Strozzi 2).
Historically, this movement was conventionally nomadic with pastoralists moving in search of pasture and water. Currently, the contemporary migration does not associate with the historical form of migration. With the existing global state of socio-economical exertion, environmental calamities, political issues, insecurity, and persecutions worldwide, several cities and towns across the world experience an influx in population (Hatton and Williamson 6).
This mass migration of citizens from one region to another, specifically migration to towns, is in most cases associated with several negative impacts including demographic challenges, insecurity, and even environmental crises. Even though migration is a politically and socially contested issue, it is unknown as to when it will end. This essay seeks to exploit mass migration in relation to demographic challenges.
Overview of Mass Migration Human mass migration is the physical movement of people from one region to another. Historically, human migration was nomadic with pastoralists covering several kilometers to access pasture and water. However, nowadays things have changed with the world witnessing massive people migration from rural suburbs to urban environs (Department of Economic and Social Affairs 56-75).
Nations across the world, both in developing and developed countries, have received this aspect with mixed reactions with several governments getting confused on what measures to take as international immigration seems a crucial matter.
This element has thus become a major challenge with most governments failing to provide accurate strategies to overcome human migration. Another term covering human migration is international migration, which defines how individuals or groups of persons move from country to country (Department of Economic and Social Affairs 148).
There are numerous reasons to considerable factors that trigger this migration with each continent or country bearing different judgments. Migration in a country depicts the place’s openness, modernity, and its enthusiasm towards adapting to global economic evolution.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Causes of Mass Migration Numerous factors have led to migration of people around the globe. Economical differences and demographic factors are the major challenges towards curbing migration in the world (Hatton and Williamson 11). The prevailing status of socio-economic differences and the existing environmental hardships have continuously triggered mass migration.
Cities in developing and underdeveloped countries are economically unfit, thus forcing citizens to shift from their respective countries to other countries, which are prospering economically. According to Bakker, Elings-Pels, and Reis, people migrate to “seek better economic and educational opportunities” (5). The realm of population growth and economic hardships in developing countries have greatly imparted on the trends of international migration with individuals believing in better socio-economic status of those residing in towns.
The world population might eventually grow from 6.555 billion to 9.243 billion in the year 2050 if corrective measures are not enforced (Smith 620). People associate London and New York with immense historical social, cultural, and economical strengths. This conception pulls immigrants into these two cities in search for better lives.
Side A: Against migration As immigration tends to harbor some imperativeness, the negatives associated to this practice are non-ignorable. Several studies have demonstrated how migration is more harmful than assumed. Immigration and migration practices are associated with numerous misfortunes and repercussions (Hatton and Jeffrey 22).
Starting with population and city governance, immigrants have caused problems towards the management of population in cities. City councils and the respective governing bodies have received extreme challenges in controlling urban population, which mostly results from population surge caused by immigrants. Due to increased population in towns and cities, government expenditure budgets shoot to enhance basic improvements and accommodate the residents around cities (Martin and Widgre 34).
The cities or local authorities face the task of ensuring that there is a maximum security, thus migration forces these authorities to increase their budget to suit the demanding needs of the city. Some quarters opine that most cities have been unable to manage census activities, which play significant roles in maintaining population size, with evidence indicating inaccurate figures of numerous cities’ censuses.
Statistics reveal that recently, international immigration has posed a danger to the world’s largest cities including New York in the US and London in England.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In London, estimates divulge that for a period of about 20 years, the published TIM series “suggest that London (with just 12 per cent of the national population) was associated with 40 per cent of the inflows, 30 per cent of the outflows, and absorbed 67 per cent of the net balance of overseas immigration” (Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead 21). This aspect depicts that there are several immigrants finding their way into England.
This aspect only associate with the continuing supremacy of New York and London, by managing this population through provision sustainable labor, but threatening to the natives. In special attention to New York, the city is only benefitting from growth in tax margins as the population grows and economic performances prosper. However, New York also spends a lot in maintaining the population by providing maximum security and employment.
Migration is also a threat to security. Due to the influx of population into big cities and migration to developed countries, controlling insecurity is a problem. Cases of terrorism attacks, cruel murders, assassinations, kidnappings, persecution, and racial and religious conflicts are eminent security matters bothering growing cities and towns.
Big towns and cities are hiding places for criminals and insurgents who migrate to towns to commit their crimes. Martin and Widgre note that in the process of migrating into developed countries, “migrants attempting to sail or march into rich countries, threaten their security” (5).
This aspect forces the respective countries to overspend in their budget to increase vigilance (Bauer and Zimmermann 7), which may in turn lead to economic constraints. In developed countries, especially the United States, estimates reveal that the state’s expenditure on security issues is continuously increasing, and billions of dollars consumed in an attempt to maintain peace and security (Karoly 7). Migration has also led to congestion in the city suburbs resulting to insecurity.
Migration has also resulted in increased living costs and poor living standards that are threatening the social standards expected in every nation. Generally, the housing structures and resources available in these cities rarely manage to accommodate the population increase resulting from migration. According to Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead, since the respective governments cannot afford to construct adequate rentals for the population, privatization of land appears to dominate most cities and towns (42).
As a result, of land privatization, there is an increased rental rate. In developing countries, private rental sectors become opportunistic to the existing population pressures in towns, thus engaging in developing sub-standard shelters including slums, shanties, and others where low income earners residing in these towns seek asylum.
This situation tends to affect the living standards of people for there is a significant increase in insecurity, poor healthcare, and poverty. Most commonly, due to population surge, immigrants in developing countries suffer from poor living standards due to their low-income status resulting from low paying jobs.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Side B: For migration Studies carried across the world have ignited an endless debate about mass migration. Some people support the movement while others oppose it. Bauer and Zimmermann assert that mass migration has led to some inevitable significance based on facts to support this importance (22).
Several cities across the world have benefitted from this migration in different dimensions. To begin with, mass migration has significantly influenced economic growth of cities receiving migrants. Increase in population rates in these cities has led to success in overall economic terms on one hand.
The migration aspect associates world big cities, especially London and New York, with powerful economic achievements. According to Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead, migration into such cities is due to “their openness, economic vitality, existing cultural diversity and concentrations of economic and social power” (9). These cities gain economic progress through taxation. London authorities receive additional tax acquiesce due to subsequent growth in their council tax that may result from increased city population.
Still on economic terms, some migrants visit places not due to their poor economical issues, but rather as tourists. Globally, countries commonly acknowledge that tourists form the backbone of economic growth. However, this aspect is mainly beneficial to developing countries as they receive funds and foreign exchange resulting from tourists’ visits into their countries.
Karoly asserts that immigrants have improved labor markets in the countries involved because immigrants have are distinct sources of labor (7). According to studies carried on labor importation practiced by European countries in early 1950s and 1960, “more elastic labor supply allowed faster economic growth without inflation” (Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead 47).
With the absence of barriers to social and economic issues, these immigrants provide a sustainable source of labor to the respective countries, thus improving the labor force. Despite the large supply of labor by immigrants to cities like London and New York, there is no evidence that indicates that migrants are the cause of increased unemployment rates in these regions.
Migration has harmonized peaceful co-existence between countries. Due to the aspect of migration, different races have the opportunity to share their cultural experiences cohesively enabling them to live peacefully with each other as communities. Globalization has enabled people to realize different opportunities across the world and enhance peaceful co-existence between races and nations with tourists playing a major role.
Martin and Widgre assert, “Tourism has become a major industry, as people cross national borders to experience new cultures or the wonders of nature” (8). The growing trend in migration has influenced how individuals live and imparted some significant changes in cultural values of communities, tribes, and races.
In cities like London and New York, immigration has enhanced social housing and social mix of people from different edges of the world (Hatton and Williamson 19). Despite the negative views of numerous studies on immigration, its importance is not ignorable as peaceful integration and cohesion among nations is of great importance of which immigration has influenced.
The current world has experienced massive changes in relation to environmental issues. Smith asserts, “As climate change and its associated processes result in more intense storms, sea level rise, or other cataclysmic environmental events, as some scientific studies are predicting, these events are likely to generate large numbers of environmental migrants or refugees” (618).
This observation is viable because such environmental hazards threaten human lives forcing people to migrate from their abodes in search of better places. Climate change adversely affects the availability of natural resources that significantly support life.
Therefore, in the context of changes in climate, several calamities occur including floods, which do not favor agricultural wellness, thus forcing migrants to move to towns or big cities to fight for their fate, causing great population surge in the towns (Ward 6). Therefore, as human as quality of life remains the most important, migration protects people from hazards that are threat to life.
Personal Opinion Migration is arguably among the worlds biggest contemporary issues. Almost every country is suffering from this global challenge and is often a politically contested subject in the world.
According to the U.S. statistics, “about a third of the 191 million international migrants today have moved from one developing country to another, with another third moving from developing to developed countries” (Smith 619). People, especially leaders, have received immigration with different perceptions and opinions with some objecting and others proposing to it.
However, none is to blame for this confusion since the world is still growing and the majority of people hardly know how challenging the immigration subject seems. As cities security, annual expenditures, and the welfare of the native remain crucial, survival of every human being and quality of life is more important. Both the merits and demerits of migration are equally important towards ensuring survival.
In fact, the world is far from fully maturing economically, and thus migration is currently an insurmountable problem. It might eventually end depending on the pace at which the world grows and the strategies put in place to counter the problem. Personally, I do not think immigration is a bad thing and with proper planning and policymaking, any country can reap from the benefits of immigration.
Conclusion Migration is among the most politically and socially contested matters in the current world of globalization. Migration, which implies movement of people from region to another, has proved challenging to numerous countries across the world. European countries entertained migration after the Second World War, with a major aim of acquiring labor force from persons from developing countries.
This move could not come at a better time as people living under stressful and tight socio-economic in third world countries would do anything to get to Europe. Migration has enhanced economic growth in developed countries by providing powerful labor force, improved taxation rates that are significant financial support to local authorities, and encouraged peaceful co-existence, which is vital for economic interdependence among nations.
However, migration has led to other serious problems in big cities and towns including increased government expenditures, upheavals in maintaining peace and security, and poor living standards of immigrants living in these towns and capital cities. Therefore, governments need to come up with an appropriate solution to migration dilemma.
Works Cited Bakker, Caroline, Martina Elings-Pels, and Michele Reis. The Impact of migration on Children in the Caribbean, 2009. Web.
Bauer, Thomas, and Klaus Zimmermann. Assessment of Possible Migration Pressure and its Labor Market Impact Following EU Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe, 1999. Web.
Bertocchi, Graziella, and Chiara Strozzi. The Age of Mass Migration: Economic and Institutional Determinants, 2006. Web.
Department of Economic and Social Affairs. “Population distribution, urbanization, Internal migration and development: An internal perspective, 2011. Web.
Gordon, Ian, Tony Travers, and Christine Whitehead. The Impact of Recent Immigration on the London Economy, 2007. Web.
Hatton, Timothy, and Geoffrey Williamson. The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.
Karoly, Lorant. The demographic challenge in Europe, 2005. Web.
Martin, Philip, and Jonas Widgre. “International Migration: Facing the Challenge.” The population reference bureau 57.1 (2002): 3-40. Print.
Smith, Paul. “Climate Change, Mass Migration and the Military Response.” Orbis 51.4 (2007): 617-633. Print.
Ward, David. Population Growth, Migration and Urbanization, 2012. Web.