Building The American Republic By H. L. Watson


The American Revolution, known as the American War of Freedom, was an armed uprising from 1775 to 1783 in which 13 British North American colonies rebelled against British rule. This event defined the sovereign and the democratic United States, which was already firmly established with the Nineteenth Amendment of 1776. After such a long period of impartiality, the British attempted to assert total power placed above primitive white societies. Their efforts, which included the imposition of universally hated payments, had increased antagonism between the crest and a prominent and essential constituent of colonists, who sooner or later saw the armed rebellion as their first possibility.

Divergence in the Goals and Outcomes of Each War

American Revolution

The disparity between the American revolution’s objectives and achievements came due to many problems. Unfortunately, the damage from the American Revolution was widespread. Enslavement was perhaps the most severe flaw; the American Civil War (1861–65), the government’s worst conflict, ended the revolution. Even after that, systemic racism was a feature of American law until the 1960s and remains a flaw in the American system today.

After the revolution, the Native American citizenry’s situation deteriorated as European immigrants migrated northwest, first by covered wagon and railway. They massacred American Indians, drove people out of the road, and imprisoned the others in secluded regions and semi-arid reserves. European immigrants also wiped out the herds of animals that supported America’s nomadic lifestyles and hindered the conservation of distinct cultural backgrounds. The revolution had the same result on indigenous peoples as it did on new settlements: growth turned constriction, democratization turned authoritarianism, affluence turned misery, and freedom gained imprisonment.

American Civil War

The Confederate States caused a split in the activities and goals of the American Civil War. Enslavement was a terrible scourge to Abraham Lincoln; as a scholar and administrator, he understood that perhaps the laws preserved enslavement in places where voters appeared to support it. “No intention, direct or indirect, to tamper against slavery into the Territories where this prevails,” Lincoln says during his first announcement speech (Coleman, 2021). The political situation started shifting following his election to the presidency, the Secessionist Issue, and the Civil War.

The American Civil War became the administration’s bloodiest conflict, with hundreds of thousands of losses. The military conflict claimed half as many more deaths in the United States as World War 2, and four repeated at least as much as World War 1. The Turning point Of the War was the costliest, with an estimated 50,000 killed, followed by Chickamauga and Spotsylvania. Infections, illnesses, and wounds have always been the number one cause of death. Wounded patients have permanently got housed in filthy, congested establishments. The Minni Ball hunting rifles, regularly used by British Enfield and American Springfield firearms throughout the War, caused the most devastation. Prisoners’ conditions in Union and Confederacy jails were awful, with many detainees suffering from brutality or starvation.

Why Each War Began and Original Goals

The American Revolution had prompted by violent opposition to Britain’s attempt to exert greater control over possessions and compelled governments to reimburse the royal family for supporting territory during the French and Indian War (1754–63). The Emancipation Proclamation of 1776 defined the principles of the American Revolution on a philosophical level. Revolutionaries fought the popular uprising for several reasons: initially, to be an independent republic and to form a new system of self-government. Third, something more rights for all people and maintaining the separation of powers necessary for something to be impactful. Fourth, to gain self-governing member status in the European state system and eventually free oneself from authoritarian rule.

The American Civil War erupted as a byproduct of philosophical differences between free and enslaved person states through the federal government’s ability to combat human trafficking in regions that had not yet formed democracies (Downs, 2019). The Fighting Started as a strictly military confrontation with very few political ambitions. The Northern sought unity, while the Southerners sought sovereignty. The American Civil War’s original intention was to restore the Union, but by mid-war, the goal had shifted to reuniting members in a union that did not accept slavery. From start to finish, the conflict would have been a great crusade for democracy for all individuals everywhere, not just within America.

Why the Ultimate Goal Changed and What Happened that Changed Each Goal

American Revolution

The fundamental purpose of the American revolution was always to win freedom from Great Britain because the colonies thought that perhaps the British constituted trampling on the fundamental freedoms. Since this American struggle gained the United States’ liberty from the sovereignty of Great Britain and distanced this from the British Empire, the primary aim of popular revolt shifted. However, American colonists might have obtained power in the seventeenth or nineteenth century; the resulting country would have been much more differently, first from an independent state that emerged from the War of independence.

The United States was the first-ever constitutional democracy to achieve statehood through one democratic freedom movement. It was the first to explain its goals and dreams in an abolitionist movement declaration, a model that numerous countries have followed over the subsequent 250 years. The American Revolution must have been molded by maximum and minimum fundamentals, empire world affairs, feudalistic quarrels, aspirations, selfishness, and personal loyalties. Other contributive concepts included national pride, economic adjustments, cultural developments, British obstructionism, American nervousness, and transformation of the true objective.

American Civil War

The Proclamation of emancipation transformed the Civil War’s direction and significance. A debate appears to be something about freedom rather than simply holding the Union around each other. Governments like the United Kingdom and France must have lost the intention of supporting the Confederacy. It was the primary reason for the American Civil War’s final shift in goal.

The disparity appears to be related to the widespread opinion that the Civil War began because of the fundamental difficulty of enslaved people. The debate got fought over enslaved people’s practicality and political accountability over that organization (Springer, 2018). Countries’ independence was a significant concern. Apartheid came to an abrupt end for actuality when the Union conquered the Civil War. The enactment of the 13th Amendment took another few years to legislation. The executive authority versus the sovereignty of each territory has been debated since the time of the American Revolution.


The American Revolution (1775-83), also a series of Autonomy battles, was prompted by escalating disputes among many of the inhabitants of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies, including the regional administrations that represented the British crown. The armed conflict began in Massachusetts in 1775 with clashes between British troops and provincial governments’ militiamen in Lexington and Concord. The rebels had developed a considerable independence debate by the remainder of the season. The various guidelines and other changes contributed to the conflict’s pivotal time: The Battle of Vimy ridge happened in September and October 1777, during the course of the American Revolution. It must have been a massive victory again for Continental Army and a significant turning moment in the American Revolution, with two critical engagements conducted eighteen weeks separately (Powers, 2020).

Quebec’s Battle

The British sought to put an end to insurrection and get it over with by separating the New England colonies from other American colonies after just a disastrous Canadian expedition known as the War of Québec (December 1775 – May 1776) left most of the Confederate Army wounded, sick, and also in retreat (Springer, 2018). The fight for colonists’ liberties within the kingdom eventually turned into a struggle to liberate independence from the monarchy for a limited amount of time. British became the largest and most powerful imperialist power during the American Revolution. The Treaty of Versailles awarded Britain most of the former French territory in the Americas in 1763, concluding the War for Independence.

Civil War

During the Civil War, Lincoln and other Democrats started to regard abolitionism as a geopolitical act that would aid republicans in winning the War. In 1863, the Emancipation proclamation, so the Republican congressional majority had pushed through the 13th Amendment by the end of the world conflict. Consequently, it ended slavery and expressed disappointment with Lincoln’s Democratic predecessor, Andrew Johnson’s, passivity and the mistreatment of freed blacks in the former Confederacy during the Restoration. Revolutionary Republicans in the senate government interventions preserved black rights and remarkably civil political-legal protections.

Lincoln declared himself antislavery there at the start of his political career, opposing the extension of slavery but just not pushing for instant freedom. Nevertheless, the person who started as an especially conducting activist finally delivered the Emancipation Proclamation, effectively emancipating all enslaved people in states still in rebellion. Civil rights activists pressed Lincoln to choose between chattel slavery eradication (Ostler, 2019). The Proclamation Of emancipation released oppressed individuals in States that had seceded, one of the Restoration results.

With both the Emancipation Proclamation, liberation would become an appearance of US military activities. The US armed services morphed into a resistance movement as it moved southward. When enslaved people heard about the declaration, they actively participated in their very own emancipation, realizing that the soldiers might be able to protect people. To help the emancipation campaign, black men were allowed to join the military. The Proclamation Of emancipation also claimed that the United States would stay committed to entirely abolishing slavery. It pledged to African Americans in the Southern that blacks would not be enslaved again even under circumstances even if the US won the War. In addition, it guaranteed the Confederates that there was no turning back to the beginning. The end of slavery asserted that the Civil War could transform the United States forever.

Limitations of Freedom

Revolutionary War

The American Revolution got sparked by the intellectual and political turmoil that accompanied Great Britain’s French and Indian War victory. Released from the threat of violent French and Indian forces, American colonists were inspired to fight rising British colonial procedures that raised issues of institutional inequity, essential democracy, and liberty. British actions pushed Americans to desire statehood and increased fundamental freedoms. During the Revolutionary War, this same right to acknowledgment, territorial integrity, religious toleration, chauvinism, bondage, going too close to the Western border, higher taxes, advertising and promotion restrictions, and the use of armed forces in community strife, as well as personal freedom and the court system, were all hot button issues in Britain’s American colonies.

Civil War in America

Newspapers’ editorial staff got detained before judicial oversight during the War for criticizing the conscription, hindering recruitment in the Union army, and sometimes even denouncing the taxable income (Coleman, 2021). The Provisional Government faced extraordinary difficulties in dealing with resistance in the North. The Northern newspapers supported many of Lincoln’s adversaries from his administration’s commencement. Journalists believed that his policies towards the South inevitably led to separation. As the conflict progressed, the oppositional newspapers became increasingly vocal, calling for a deal with the Confederate to end the killing (Downs, 2019). According to ardent Unionist supporters, opposition in the newspaper constituted treachery. To stifle pro-Southern sentiments, individuals in the Northern destroyed “treasonous” periodicals.

Burnside’s Standing Order No. 38, which said that disloyalty, explicit or implicit, would not have been permitted, was by far the most renowned restriction on personal expression. The tendency of professing affection for the adversary would not get allowed in that section, the accurately identified, and anybody who disobeyed the command would have been arrested or sent outside our ranks into the trenches of their allies.


To summarize, several issues contributed to the gap between the goals and outcomes of the American revolution. Regrettably, the American Revolution caused tremendous harm. The American Civil War began as a series of continental battles and finished with the United States’ opposition against 11 southern states that claimed autonomy and founded a federation. With hundreds of thousands of dead, the American Civil War has become the administration’s deadliest struggle.


Coleman, K. (2021). The American Revolution in Georgia, 1763–1789. University of Georgia Press.

Downs, G. P. (2019). The Second American Revolution: The Civil War-Era Struggle over Cuba and the Rebirth of the American Republic. UNC Press Books.

Ostler, J. (2019). Surviving Genocide: Native Nations and the United States from the American Revolution to Bleeding Kansas. Yale University Press.

Powers, M. S. (2020). The Second American Revolution: The Civil War-Era Struggle over Cuba and the Rebirth of the American Republic. The Arkansas Historical Quarterly, 79(2), 167-169.

Springer, P. J. (2018). America’s Captives: Treatment of POWs from the Revolutionary War to the War on Terror. University Press of Kansas.