Breast Cancer Incidence And Ethnicity Research Paper Best Essay Help

Introduction Breast cancer cases have shown an increasing trend over the last few decades. It is a disease that is common to women. However, some men have developed breast cancer but the rates of incidence of the disease are very low compared with that exhibited in women. In the US, breast cancer has been one of the fatal diseases that have affected a significant proportion of the female population. Breast cancer affect women from all races, ethnic groups, ages, geographic locales as well as socioeconomic strata.

Over the past several decades, epidemiological research has shown that there have been widespread ethnic disparities as far as the disease is concerned. It has been well documented that different ethnic groups have different rates of the incidence of breast cancer. This paper explores the different rates of breast cancer incidence as far as the different ethnic groups in the US are concerned as well as the most probable way of reducing the rates of incidence across all the groups.

The Incidence of breast cancer among different ethnic groups One of the tools used in monitoring the incidence of breast cancer in the United States is the ‘report card’. The card was developed by key bodies in the American health care system. They include the American Cancer Society, National Center for Health Statistics, the National Cancer Institute and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

The initial release of the ‘report card’ was in 1998. It showed that there had been a continual decline in the incidence of breast cancer in the American population. However, the report card also showed that there was disproportionate incidence of breast cancer as well as mortality rates of African American Women compared with their white counterparts.

The report noted that among the African women, there was an increasing trend of both the incidence of breast cancer and the mortality rates associated with the disease. According to the report, “African American women also tended to present with a later stage at diagnosis” (Jones, and Chilton 341). The African American women have not been successful in their fight against breast cancer since study has shown that they have the highest breast cancer death rates.

From 2000-2003, the white non-Hispanic Americans recorded the highest rates of breast cancer incidence i.e. 141 women in every 100,000 had developed cancer. The second highest rate was exhibited by the African Americans with 118 breast cancer patients per every 100, 000.

The third and fourth positions were taken by the Asian American and the Hispanics respectively. In 2008, the CDC released the latest data showing the incidence of the disease among different ethnic groups. American white women still had the highest incidence rate followed by the African Americans.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The third group that had significantly a high incidence rate was the Hispanic followed by Asian/Pacific Islanders and the Asian Americans. However, the mortality rates due to the disease differed significantly. Research has shown that the African American women exhibited the highest mortality rates followed by the White women.

Following the report issued in 1998 via the ‘report card’, the American Cancer Society embarked on a more detailed research to unveil the cancer problems specific to each of the ethnic groups with much emphasis on the African American women since the breast cancer mortality rates were highest in this group. The National Cancer Institute has played a pivotal role in the reduction of the effects of cancer across all the ethnic groups in the US.

Its sole responsibility is to conduct research on the detection, treatment and control of the disease. Additionally, it conducts research on the prevention of cancer. To achieve its goal, it has sponsored several research agencies an aspect that has led to the discovery of many aspects as far as breast cancer is concerned. The research has led to the discovery of more breast cancer detection and diagnosis techniques.

It has also led to the development of better programs as far as better supportive care and improved treatment for patients is concerned. The development of the new technologies assisted in the reduction of the severity of the disease among the different ethnic groups. According to Jones and Chilton, the discoveries have not equally benefitted the various ethnic groups since the African American women are still endangered by the disease (539).

For instance, between the African American women and white women, there has been a great disparity in the rate of breast cancer survival for decades. With the exception of the African American women, the other groups had a positive response to the new mode of technology. African American women have continued to be disproportionately affected by the fatal disease.

The incidence and effect of breast cancer among some specific groups As aforementioned African American women are disproportionately affected by the disease. Research has shown that it has been one of the leading causes of death among the women in this particular ethnic group.

Besides the impact of the disease in the society, women and their immediate family members have to endure the deep emotional effect imposed by not only the disease but also its treatment. Families also dread the recurrence of breast cancer. The incidence of the disease has been increasing over the last several decades (Cunningham et al 4).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Breast Cancer Incidence and Ethnicity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, from 1973 to 1998, the incidence of breast cancer among black women increased by over 40%. Despite all the efforts that the health system has made in the fight against breast cancer, African American women still continue to suffer from the effects of the disease. Research has shown that breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer related death Among the African American women-the first cause is lung cancer (Jones, and Chilton 540).

Different ethnic groups consist of several sub-groups. Research has shown that, these subgroups exhibit different rates of breast cancer. As aforementioned, the Asian Americans have a relatively low rate of the breast cancer incidence as far as the ethnic groups in the US are concerned. Within the Asian ethnic group, the rates of breast cancer incidence vary by specific ethnicity with the Japanese women recording the highest rates while the Laotian women have the lowest rate.

Additionally, the place of birth of the members of a given ethnic group also determines their risk of developing breast cancer. For instance, during the period between 1988 and 2004, the breast cancer rates were higher for the US-born Filipina and Chinese women than their foreign-born counterparts (Gomez et al. 126). This trend was also true for the US borne and Foreign-born Japanese. However, the US-born Filipina recorded the highest rates of breast cancer incidence during that period-80%.

Factors that cause the differences in breast cancer incidence among ethnic groups Socioeconomic factors vary among the various ethnic groups. This includes aspects such as the average income level of the members of a given ethnic group, lack of proper infrastructure e.g. poor means of transportation as well as lack of proper healthcare facilities.

This also includes the availability of screening programs within the available healthcare facilities. For instance, African American women have poorer socioeconomic status among the African Americans than the whites. African American women also have reduced access to health care services.

As compared to White women, African American women have a lower frequency of mammography with delayed diagnosis. Additionally, they tend to have reduced chemotherapy dosage which is associated with underlying neutropenia. For both White and African American women who have access to the same health care facilities and programs, other factors contribute to the high mortality rates among the African Americans due to the disease (Chen et al. 440).

Furthermore, the African Americans tend to have a much higher rate of high-grade cancers than the white women. In most cases, the breast cancer among the African American women tends to be ER negative posing a great danger to the victims. Several socioeconomic factors hinder the ability of the ethnic groups to access routine preventive health care programs.

Different ethnic groups differ in their ability to access routine preventive health care programs. A relatively high percentage of African Americans and Hispanics do not have access to proper health care. In some cases, they do not have a primary care provider.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Breast Cancer Incidence and Ethnicity by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The importance of a primary care provider is to enhance proper preventive care through the provision of routine check-ups and breast cancer screenings. Preventive care enables the detection of breast cancer at an early stage, which can be easily treated as opposed to the advanced stage-less treatable.

One of the factors that contribute to such is a strong belief, cultural or religious, related to their health and their health care. Some of the ethnic groups have strong beliefs in some supernatural healing and miracles. Religious/cultural beliefs impair individuals from participating in the routine preventive programs offered in the health care sector.

Women who hold such strong beliefs in healing and miracles do not have faith or rather do not trust the health care system. In most cases, they end up as breast cancer patients since they will only turn to the health care system probably at the advanced cancer stages. Generally such women in the group or sub-group do not participate in any form of routine preventive health care increasing the rate of breast cancer incidence in the ethnic group.

Communication barrier, the inability to understand another person’s language, impairs an individual’s ability to seek medical assistance. Consequently, women may fail to discuss their health concerns with medical practitioners impairing the preventive program since. In some cases, the interpreter may not be able to enhance comprehensive communication between the two parties in question. This might lead to lack of proper health care for the patient.

Most people lack the knowledge or rather the understanding of not only the symptoms but also the health care risks associated with breast cancer. Research has shown that most of the women who seek medical attention only during the advanced cases of breast cancer lack the knowledge of the symptoms of breast cancer in the early stages. Most American Hispanic Women are less aware of the risks of breast cancer. This prevents them from seeking medical attention in advance.

Some of the ethnic groups are deeply rooted in cultural practices. Such practices include traditional medicine that they believe are capable of addressing all their healthcare needs. In such groups, women who experience abnormalities in their breasts give first priority to the cultural practices rather than doctors. Owing to this, the fail to get proper medical assistance in time an aspect that puts their life at a great danger.

Reduction of the rates breast cancer incidence in all the ethnic groups The rates of breast cancer can be reduced by the reduction of the main causative of the disease. Research has shown that the high prevalence of obesity is associated with breast cancer across all the ethnic groups. America has recorded the highest rates of obesity in the world.

According to Blackburn and Walker, 74.6% of Americans are obese with obesity being one of the leading causes of death in the nation (207). Obesity is one of the diseases that have led to the current crisis in the American healthcare system especially by causing other diseases among which is breast cancer. The medical expenditures associated with obesity in the nation are approximately $70 billion, which translates to more than a quarter of the American healthcare system’s expenditure.

Wolf and Colditz argue that America has suffered a loss of 40 million productive workdays and an additional 63 million days due to the frequent visits that obese individuals make to the doctor(s) (100). In an attempt to curb breast cancer and other forms of cancer associated with obesity, the American healthcare system has developed the ‘CARE’ policy whereby ‘CARE’ stands for Communication, Action, Research and Evaluation.

The policy aims to increase life expectancy by increasing both the quality and the years of healthy living of the Americans. Some of the key issues that the policy seeks to attain are improvement of the nutritional value of foods in major educational institutions; ensure the availability of physical education facilities not only in schools but also in public recreation centers; ensure more intensified research on the causes of the disease and bringing the findings to public attention.

The policy also advocates for education of healthcare professionals and students on the prevention, management and the treatment of the disease together with its related conditions such as breast cancer. Moreover, the policy incorporates the need for more research on the prevention and the treatment of obesity.

This paves way for new methods of dealing with the epidemic in the nation. It also calls for the promotion of health and nutrition related curriculums in high schools besides raising awareness of the two diseases and preventive screening of all individuals in America. The policy addresses the special needs of the elderly obese individuals in the nation in one of its initiatives-Healthy ageing initiative: Eating better and moving more.

Conclusion Different ethnic groups have different rates of breast cancer incidence. As aforementioned, the white women have the highest incidence rates followed by the African American women. The Hispanics and Asian Americans have relatively low rates of breast cancer incidence.

However, African American women have the highest mortality rates associated with breast cancer. As discussed above, the specific groups within a given ethnic group also have different breast cancer incidence rates. Additionally, the place of birth of an individual also determines his/her ability to develop breast cancer. For instance, among the Asian American women during the period between 1988 and 2004, the breast cancer rates were higher for the US-born Filipina and Chinese women than their foreign-born counterparts.

There are many causes of the variation of breast cancer incidences across different ethnic groups. However, research is yet to establish the exact cause of the variation. Most researchers have attributed the variation to diet and lifestyle, genetic make-up and socioeconomic status. The American healthcare system has embarked on addressing obesity, which cuts across all the ethnic groups, in an attempt to curb the disease.

Annotated Bibliography Cunningham, Ruth, et al. “Ethnic and Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence in New Zealand.” BMC Cancer, 10. 694(2010): 1-10. Print.

The article includes a study of the incidence of breast cancer in New Zealand. It utilizes data from the New Zealand cancer registry for the period between 1981 and 2004.

The authors also compare the trend of the rates of the breast cancer incidence of the groups in New Zealand with those of the same groups in other parts of the world with a bias on the U.S. It also explains some of the socioeconomic factors that influence the breast cancer incidences in the different ethnic groups.

Gomez, Scarlet et al. “Hidden Breast Cancer Disparities in Asian Women: Disaggregating Incidence Rates by Ethnicity and Immigrant Status.” American Journal of Public Health, 100.1 (2010): 125-131. Print.

It focuses on the breast cancer incidences for specific Asian Populations in California. The data employed in this study was obtained from the Californian Cancer Registry for the period between 1998 and 2004. The information also included the immigration details of the sample group. The data was used to determine the rates of breast cancer incidences within the specific groups of the Asian Americans. It is a good source of information since California is the home of the largest number of Asian Americans in the U.S.

Jones, Lovel, and Chilton, Janice. “Effect of Breast Cancer on African American Women: Priority Areas for Research in the Next Decade.” American Journal of Public Health, 92. 4(2002): 539-542. Print.

It compares the rates of incidence of breast cancer incidence between the African American women and white women. It utilizes data for the Center of Disease Control and the National cancer Institute in giving the trend of the rates among the two groups of women. It also gives some of the causes of the disparities obtained from a research conducted by the National Cancer Institute.

Works Cited Blackburn, Lawrence, and Walker, Williams. “Science-based Solutions to Obesity: What Are The Roles of Academia, Government, Industry and Healthcare?” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 82.1. (2005): 207-210. Print.

Chen, Zao et al. “Ethnicity and Breast Cancer: Factors Influencing Differences In Incidence and outcome.” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 97. 6 (2011): 439-448. Print.

Cunningham, Ruth, et al. “Ethnic and Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence in New Zealand.” BMC Cancer, 10. 694(2010): 1-10. Print.

Gomez, Scarlet et al. “Hidden Breast Cancer Disparities in Asian Women: Disaggregating Incidence Rates by Ethnicity and Immigrant Status.” American Journal of Public Health, 100.1 (2010): 125-131. Print.

Jones, Lovel, and Chilton, Janice. “Effect of Breast Cancer on African American Women: Priority Areas for Research in the Next Decade.” American Journal of Public Health, 92. 4(2002): 539-542. Print.

Wolf, Arnold., and Colditz, Gregory. “Current Estimates of the Economic Cost of Obesity In the US.” Progress in Obesity Research, 6 (1998): 97-106. Print.

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NATO: From Creation to Current Status Essay online essay help: online essay help

Abstract The paper discusses NATO which is a major military alliance among European States, the US and Canada. It highlights the historical context, which led to the formation of NATO. The history of the alliance is broken down into three major phases: the Cold War era, the Post Cold War, and the Post 9/11.

The paper reviews how NATO reinvented itself following the collapse of the Soviet Union and embarked on a successful enlargement process. The various issues that have faced the organization since its creation are discussed and its future estimated. The paper concludes by noting that NATO is a relevant security apparatus today and still serves as the best instrument for combating the security threats of the 21st century.

Introduction The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is rightfully regarded as the world’s most powerful military alliance. The organization was founded in 1949 with the primary objective of protecting Western Europe and the US from Soviet aggression.

The alliance was able to successfully achieve this goal and additionally ensure that no military rivalries emerge in the region. Following the end of the Cold War, the Soviet threat was neutralized and the alliance had to reinvent itself in order to remain relevant. It did this by expanding its role and increasing its membership.

This paper will set out to provide a detailed research of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization with focus given to the creation and purpose of this alliance. A review of how the organization has expanded over the years and the role it has played will be provided to demonstrate that NATO is still a valid security apparatus in world today.

Origins of NATO A significant outcome of the World War II was the emergence of the United States of America and the Soviet Union as the two world super powers. While these countries had fought as allies in the war, their political differences pitted them against each other in the postwar years.

There was concern that the Soviet Union would make use of her considerable power to influence politics in Europe (Trachtenberg, 1999). The weakened postwar Europe would not be able to resist this Soviet threat. The US proposed to help bolster West Europe’s military capability by the formation of an alliance. NATO, therefore, began as a mutual defense pact among ten Western European countries, the US and Canada.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These twelve countries signed the Washington Treaty on April 4, 1949 in which they committed themselves to a mutual defense pact (Cornish, 2004). The treaty bound the member states and an attack on any member was to evoke a response from all members. NATO’s history can be divided into three distinct phases: the Cold War period, the decade following the end of the Cold War, and the current phase, which began with the terrorist attacks on the US on September 11, 2011.

Cold War Era

At the time of NATO’s formation, the Western Europe was a divided region still struggling to recover from the devastating effects of the just ended the World War II. While a Western European defense organization would have been preferred, the participation of the US was seen as crucial since it was the only country with enough military might to counter the USSR.

Trachtenberg (1999) observes that this alliance was a long-term American commitment to Western Europe’s security. Over time, this treaty turned into an organization with a political council and regular meetings being held by the allied foreign and defense ministers. This transformation into a full-fledged organization increased the influence and strength of the Treaty.

In its early years of existence, NATO’s role was primarily to prevent an attack against the territory of its member countries by the formidable Soviet Union and her allies. Seroka (2007) best articulates this point by documenting that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was originally designed to deal with a primary threat from international communism on the European continent.

West Germany joined NATO in 1955 and this strengthened the capability of the alliance in Europe since Germany had the manpower necessary to resist a conventional invasion by Soviet forces. This move precipitated the formation of the Warsaw Pact by the Soviet Union and her East European allies.

The alliance’s nuclear capability provided by the United States, which served as deterrence, was the main tool used to prevent an attack from the Soviet Union. However, NATO also adopted a strategy of flexible response and envisaged the use of conventional warfare before engaging in a nuclear confrontation.

Even so, Minuto-Rizzo (2007) reiterates that nuclear weapons were at the core of the alliance’s strategy and nuclear deterrence was the principle means of preventing a Soviet led attack on any of the member states. Since both sides (East and West Europe) knew the cost of a nuclear confrontation, the use of force to advance political aims was effectively excluded in the Cold War Europe.

We will write a custom Essay on NATO: From Creation to Current Status specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Post – Cold War Period

The end of the Cold War in 1989 was significant for NATO. Many political analysts forecasted that the alliance could be disbanded safely since the main aggressor in Europe had dissipated. In addition to this, the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, which had been an alliance of East European nations formed to counter NATO, had already occurred.

However, this did not happen since NATO member states did not want to get rid of the alliance because of the numerous advantages they were enjoying because of their cooperation. Minuto-Rizzo (2007) observes that the transatlantic framework that “allowed all countries -big and small- to make their voices heard, to seek common solutions, and to train their forces together was too precious an asset to be squandered” (p.3).

Many member countries of the former Warsaw Pact also expressed interest in joining NATO in order to enjoy the advantages of the permanent transatlantic framework for consultation and cooperation. NATO, therefore, had to reorient itself to embrace the newly emerging democracies in Central and Eastern Europe.

NATO was able to develop new strategic concepts to incorporate new members and reorganize its military structures following the disappearance of the existential threat provided by the Soviet Union (Noetzel

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Dubai Aluminum: Opening a Branch in Saudi Arabia Report a level english language essay help

Opening a project in Saudi Arabia is not a difficult thing as far as the terms and conditions for foreign investors in the market is concerned. After joining the World Trade Organization, Saudi Arabia’s business regime became open to accommodate the foreign investors. The government also legitimized the merging of investors to form business cartels that would enable them acquire up to 51% of the market shares (Leroux 23)

Before Dubai could think of opening its branch in this market, a lot of research had to be carried out on the various macro and micro economies prevailing in the market. Some of the external factors that would have a significant impact on their business included: political interferences-despite the series of wars in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia has in the recent past enjoyed political stability and hence could provide adequate security to its investors.

There are other political considerations that investors should keep in mind like the tax rates levied on goods and services, trade barriers, quotas, ownership rights and expropriations. These factors if favourable, may encourage more investors and vice versa. Another factor is economic stability in the country- which is slowly stabilizing from the increase in international prices of oil hence good for the investors.

Technological factors- the country has embraced technology in all its sectors and this has greatly boosted their market economy hence attracting investors. The micro environment on the other hand, emanates from within the organization and its up to the managers to deal with them to ensure success of the company. These internal forces relay majorly on the organizational structure and its way of handling critical issues.

Some of the differences in the market economy between Dubal and Saudi Arabia include: Dubal is a world class business organization that has been recognized by the United Arab Emirates as one of the most successful companies with a reliable market (Usawa 11).

It is known for its political and economic stability as it has recorded very low levels of crime while Saudi Arabia’s economy is unstable due to the many external factors that include: wars, oil disputes and political interferences. The country has huge debts that are yet to be paid off hence dragging behind its economy.

Dubal has got proficient workers and makes use of sophisticated technology to produce quality goods and services as opposed to Arabia where they mostly deploy cheap manual labour and the technology they use does no produce quality services. Dubal has a very wide trade network that has attracted many investors as compared to Arabia whose trade network is limited to a few investors.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Despite the differences, both economies are open to foreign investors and are geared towards upgrading their systems, infrastructures and communication channels so as to maximize their output and increase their productivity.

Some of the major challenges that Dubal may have to face when opening up a branch in Arabia include: trade restrictions that may limit its level of investment in the country, a slow growth rate in the economy, inadequate skilled labour , economic and politic instability and also cultural differences. On the other hand, they can easily outshine other firms due to their proficiency and high technology and hence be in total control of the market.

Works Cited Leroux, Marcel. Factors Influencing the Market Economy. New York: Springer, 2005. Print.

Usawa, Shinto. Economic Growth and Stabilization. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.

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Opinions and Social Pressure: When You Need to Go Outside the System Essay essay help: essay help

Introduction: Because They Say So. The Significance of the Authority Walking along the borderline that splits the world into a norm and the abnormal is one of the life’s most dangerous pleasures. Laws and rules are made for a reason, and breaking them means not only doing something unacceptable by the given society, in the given time and given circumstances, but also being separated from the rest of the world for a while and becoming an outcast.

Unless one has serious concerns for his/her well-being, (s)he is unlikely to go beyond the boundaries the authorities set, since it is the existing system of rules that helps people to feel safe; however, when there is something essential at stake, one will definitely disregard the existing rules and go against the established standards of conduct.

What the Authorities Are Meant for: The League of Justice Is on the Watch However, the question is, what the authority figures are meant for. On the surface, these people help the rest of the humankind feel considerably safer and know for sure that nothing happens to people as long as the latter follow what the authorities say.

Rather important function, it is yet not the most essential one; when digging a bit deeper into the issue, one must add that the function of the authorities also contains an element of guidance, i.e., serving people as the social weather vane pointing in the right direction and helping to figure out what is right and what is wrong and, which is the most important, to grant his/her approval.

Even when there is no obvious authority in the sight, and, therefore, no way to check the ultimately right position, people are apt to follow with the decisions that the group makes, thus, admitting the authority of the many, since the latter are likely to accept their follower into their mini-society: “When we’re in a group, we tend to think as that group does: we may even have joined the group to find ‘like-minded’ people” (Lessing 724).

Pushing the Rules to the Breaking Point: The Passion Rules the Game However, there comes the time when the social rules are no longer an option. However, as it has been mentioned previously, following the standards of the society is crucial for people and is actually a part of their nature; therefore, the question is, what exceptional factors can push one to cross the threshold of the social standards and willingly face the threat of becoming a social outcast. Analyzing some of the most obvious factors, one can possibly see that, at certain points, the boundaries of law can become way too restrictive.

Plotting a rebellion. The stubborn individuals The first and the foremost idea that crosses peoples’ minds when they think of going against the opinion of the authorities is the image of a tough rebel. In fact, this is pretty much the firs reason that makes people take a track which is different from the other alternatives.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Lessing, the element that presupposes more freedom and allows people to feel that they actually do the things which they consider right, not the ones which are offered them by the obtrusive social norms, is a really strong factor in determining the ultimate choice.

As Lessing explains, taking the example with the people who have been given the wrong instructions by an authority and the ones who are allowed to make a choice on their own, the aspect of a “stubborn individual” is pretty important: “the solitary individual, or the couple, who have not been so instructed will assert that the pieces of wood or whatever are different” (724).

Depending on the situation: under the spur of the moment Another factor which can shape people’s idea of the issue in question and enhance free thinking instead of following the voice of the authority blindly is the environment. Once the outer factors do not favor the choice accepted by the social standards, one is likely to act against the accepted norms.

When something truly important is at stake, e.g., life, health, etc., the choice is made disregarding the social standards. Indeed, as McEwan explains, “The situations in which we act can powerfully influence our behavior – including out choice to obey or disobey a questionable order” (689).

Against the decisions of the group mind: walking alone The last, but not the least, the aspect of “group mind” (Ross and Nisbett 746) is also extremely powerful, yet it lacks logics much. In contrast to the previous cases, when the opinion of a single person depended on the ones of the many simply because the society would have never accepted any other manner of behavior, in the given case, one acts just because the others would do so in a given situation.

Paradoxical and yet understandable, this is the case when the problem comes rather from the inside than from the outside – it is not the society that puts pressure on an individual, but an individual who is unable to think on his/her own.

Conclusion: Disobeying In the Name of Law. Escape the Pressure Therefore, it is clear that going against the established norms is extremely untypical for a basic human being; on the contrary, these are only the extraordinary cases when one decides to break the rules and oppose the crowd. However, it turns out that, when it comes to the factors which make people make a decision to go against the established norms, these are mostly the factors threatening people’s well-being or social status that make one cross the boundaries of the established norms, morals or even laws.

We will write a custom Essay on Opinions and Social Pressure: When You Need to Go Outside the System specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Despite the fact that among the factors listed above, the aspect of preserving one’s individuality is mentioned as well, it can still be considered that people tend to break the rules in order to stay safer, no matter how weird that can sound.

Sometimes allowing them to keep their social status intact, and sometimes made for the sake of staying original and following one’s own idea of what is right and what is wrong, going against the opinion of the many serves as both the means to enhance one’s status as a self-assured and self-sufficient personality and at the same time reassure oneself that the decision has been made despite the opinion of the authorities, which also raises one’s self-esteem.

Therefore, it can be concluded that, disregarding the factors surrounding the situation, a decision made against the authorities is an attempt to enter another stage of one’s personal development.

Works Cited Lessing, Doris. “Group Minds.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, 11th Edition. Ed. Laurens Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. London, UK: Longman, 2010. 723-725. Print.

McEwan, Ian. “From Atonement.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, 11th Edition. Ed. Laurens Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. London, UK: Longman, 2010. 688-692. Print.

Ross, Lee and Richard E. Nisbett. “The Power of Situations.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, 11th Edition. Ed. Laurens Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. London, UK: Longman, 2010. 745-750. Print.

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Cloud compounding impact on businesses Essay college application essay help

Table of Contents Definition of cloud compounding

How it works

Advantage of cloud compounding

Disadvantages of cloud compounding

Contribution to business value and performance

References

Definition of cloud compounding Cloud compounding refers to a configuration that permits the provision of ubiquitous and efficient real-time network access to pooled computing resources. These resources are configurable and include networks, storage, servers, services and applications. Access to these resources is fast and requires minimal management effort or intervention by a service provider. Cloud compounding allows users in a network to access resources that are not in the user computer but elsewhere in the internet (Gartner, 2012).

How it works The cloud was a product of global computing infrastructure developed by large online based companies such as Google and Amazon, to run their own operations. These companies developed large data centers in different parts of the world with high speed connections, and identified business opportunities in providing additional data storage and computing services to other organizations.

The data centers can hold tens of thousands of servers, each of which runs an operating system application that is capable of providing numerous ‘virtualized’ atmospheres to clients. Consumers can use these environments to operate their own programs, without intruding on other applications running concurrently on the same server (Gartner, 2012).

Efficient management of the virtualization process is possible through the integration of systems that enhance stability and security of the cloud. The three main types of clouds are public, private and hybrid clouds. These clouds are used for various services as infrastructure, applications and platforms (Gartner, 2012).

Advantage of cloud compounding Cloud services are useful to consumers, businesses ad public authorities. The most popular cloud service for businesses involves productivity suites that function in a similar manner to popular applications like word editors. An example of such a cloud suite is ‘Office 365’ by Microsoft, which contains word processing, spreadsheets and presentation tools.

Cloud compounding provides organizations with a flexible form of outsourcing since it minimizes ICT operation and maintenance costs, while enabling the consolidation and optimization of computer hardware and software resources (Fielder

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Sophocle and Aristotle Research Paper essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Abstract

Introduction

Qualities of a Tragic Character

Conclusion

Bibliography

Footnotes

Abstract Poetry is an imitation employed by writers to express views ad opinions in society. In many fictional poems, characters are portrayed with either better or worse behaviors as compared to behaviors of real characters. Other writers try as much as possible to match the objects of poetic imitation with real life events.

In his works, Aristotle differentiates between humor and tragedy. He notes that tragedy entails presenting objects of poetic imitation in a better way than they would appear in real life. In other words, tragedy is the presentation of characters in an idealized form. Therefore, a tragic poet tries to present better life as compared to real life. This would mean that tragic poetry criticizes the existing form of life[1]. The characters in a tragic poem have better qualities as compared to the qualities of characters in real life.

However, idealized characters are not usually ethical as compared to real characters. Idealization means that characters live a complete and intense life as compared to real characters. Real characters might be leading a miserable life. In a tragic hero, the characters are awesome because they are given good qualities. In real life, the qualities of a tragic hero are controversial. The works of Sophocles on Oedipus the King exemplifies the works of Aristotle in a number of ways.

Introduction Aristotle claims that a tragic hero is somebody with a moderate character. A tragic hero is an individual who possesses some good qualities with a mix of negative qualities. Such an individual is referred to as an ideal tragic hero. In fact, Aristotle claims that the only difference between an ideal tragic hero and a normal person is the moral altitude. The feelings of an ideal tragic hero are deeper and his or her actions are intense[2].

Moreover, an ideal tragic hero has some intellectual power as compared to a normal person. In other words, such an individual has the interest of people at heart. When a tragic hero demands for assistance from members of the public, each person is willing to help because of his or her good actions.

A tragic hero is a person admired by each member of society. Aristotle observes that a tragic hero is an individual who is committed to bringing change in society. This means that an ideal hero is a transitional leader whose role is to transform society[3].

A tragic hero is a leader who adopts some qualities that enables him or her to transform society. This means that the leader must change his or her character as soon as he or she quits power. Oedipus is presented as someone who has the interests of people at heart. He helps members of society when they face several problems. For instance, he lowers taxes when the agricultural returns are very low.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The works of Sophocles exemplifies Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero in a number of ways. This paper aims at bringing out the similarities between the two. For instance, the two are similar in terms of expressing the traits of characters. In chapter fifteen, Aristotle classifies the qualities of a tragic hero just in the same way Sophocles classifies the qualities of Oedipus. The two sets of qualities are similar.

Qualities of a Tragic Character Tragic heroes are always perceived to be good people in society. Aristotle observes that a tragic hero should be somebody with an extraordinary character. An individual is considered a good person if he or she is sympathetic. The leader should be interested in solving the various problems that the majority is facing in society.

Aristotle suggests that leaders should possess this characteristic. This implies that they should be in a position to empathize with the population during calamities. In the Oedipus the King, Sophocles notes that the King is responsive since he resolves all problems affecting citizens.

Tragic emotions help a tragic hero to convey tragic pleasure. This means that a tragic hero should do everything possible to achieve greatness for the people. Oedipus is presented as a radical leader because he uses all available resources to develop cities[4]. He uses the little resources to strengthen the security of the city. Therefore, Oedipus is a good leader who can be compared to a tragic hero.

Another important feature of a tragic hero is appropriateness. Aristotle notes that a tragic hero should perform his or her roles as required by society. In society, each individual is charged with a certain responsibility. If each person plays his or her part honestly, the society would achieve greatness. The behavior of a tragic hero is influenced by factors such as age, gender, occupation, class, and profession. For instance, a woman in society must learn to behave as a real woman by doing those things that the society approves.

If the rich individuals wish to obtain the status of a tragic hero, they must be willing to share their possessions with the poor. They must treat the poor with dignity. Oedipus does not discriminate members of the public based on their class[5]. He does not allow his social class to interfere with his ambition. His main ambition is to raise the standards of living of the poor.

Tragic heroes tend to be similar in their character. Many tragic heroes have similar features irrespective of time, age, place, and ethnicity. Tragic heroes would always take extraordinary measures, may prove dangerous to their own survival. For instance, Oedipus does not care about the status of his government when he orders local authorities to reduce taxes.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Sophocle and Aristotle specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The priest in the play observes that Oedipus takes a courageous move, which would be criticized by the ruling class. The interest of the owners of the means of production is to control every aspect of life in society. Oedipus does not allow his leadership to be compromised by the ruling class.

In many kingdoms, the owners of the means of production tend to buy justice because they own governmental machinery. Oedipus sacrifices his position for the sake of the poor. His major objective is to achieve greatness. In the play, Aristotle observes that the tragic heroes are to be compared to great individuals such as Socrates who chose death to restore justice in society. Socrates believed that democracy was the worst form of governance. Indeed, democracy was the tyranny of the multitude.

For an individual to achieve the qualities of a tragic hero, his or her actions must be consistent. A good leader should always be development oriented. When Oedipus realizes that people are gathered in his compound, he wonders why people they are there instead of being in their places of work[6]. This means that the King is always positive about his people. He does not know that people are gathered in the compound to demand basic needs.

Upon realization that people are suffering, he embarks on a serious mission that would improve their living standards. Aristotle notes that it is tragic for a prominent leader to perform dismally in a great nation. If the leadership of a prominent person falls, people would not fear but instead they would be shocked. If the leadership of a weak person flourishes, members of the public would not be jubilant but instead they would mourn because the leader may impose irrelevant taxes. Therefore, the tragic hero should not be extremely virtuous.

Moreover, he or she should not be too weak. The leader should possess the features of both a strong and a weak leader. However, the most important aspect is striking the balance between the two. For Oedipus, his actions are consistent because he is always willing to help. However, he is portrayed as a moderate leader[7].

Conclusion The qualities of a tragic hero are similar to the qualities exhibited by Oedipus. This means that the works of Sophocles exemplifies the works of Aristotle. According to Aristotle, the tragic hero should be consistent, good, and always be willing to do things appropriately. Tragic heroes should not be virtuous.

However, they should not be weak. These are the qualities of Oedipus since he is not a strong King. We are told that the priest had to inform him that people are dying of hunger before he could act. Literary work is usually used to criticize the behaviors of leaders in society. The two stories are successful in criticizing the actions of leaders in the ancient Greek society.

Bibliography Connor, Jack. The English Novel in History. London: Routledge, 1996.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Sophocle and Aristotle by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hall, Edith, and Macintosh Faith. Greek Tragedy and the British Theatre. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Hall, Edith. The Return of Ulysses: A Cultural History of Homer’s Odyssey. London: I B Tauris

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The Division of Foreign Trade and Export Support in Abu Dhabi Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Abu Dhabi is one of the most significant of all the emirates of the United Arab Emirates. It has the second largest urban settlement in the country and acts as the capital for the all the emirates. Apart from being the most populous of the emirates, Abu Dhabi is known for being a major economic hub in the country.

The Department of Economic Development, an agency within the government, is the major promoter of export trade (DED, 2012). It provides support for firms that are involved in the export trade. It is the Division of Foreign Trade and Export Support that aids the firms in establishing export business. This department has established several programs in order to support export trade by foreign and local firms.

Foreign trade and export division has been holding seminars for the managements of companies in the emirates to educate them on the need for export and the benefit of exporting their products (DED, 2012). These seminars are aimed at minimizing the perpetual dependence of the firms on the local market.

In addition, the division concerned with exports endeavored to provide local companies with information regarding the nature of regional markets. Current trends and logistics regarding the expected conditions in the market are also available from the agency (DED, 2012). The division also holds meetings with banks to furnish them with information regarding the export market. This is intended to encourage the banks to finance projects initiated by the local companies in the foreign market.

Another effort towards promotion of exports is the organization of orientation visits to the neighboring countries by the export division. Representatives of local firms visit other countries in the region to observe and learn business practices prevailing in the particular countries.

The practices observed include the legal limitations that the companies may face while starting an export business in the specific countries (DED, 2012). Furthermore, the local firms get to learn of the opportunities that trade policies in the potential host countries offer to their businesses.

The export division provides customized services to businesses by investigating the international market for them. After completing the investigation, specific recommendations are made to fit the objectives of the particular organization (DED, 2012). This enables the firms to establish the scale of the chances of success in their operations in the new market. In addition, the firms are able to know the business trends and culture in the potential markets.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Government’s initiative to solicit for finance for the local firms to facilitate establishment of export trade is an important initiative. This strategy provides a means for the exporting firms to obtain capital from banks (Simerson, 2011).

It also furnishes the banks with information about foreign markets in order to win their trust. Due to this trust, the export firms are able to obtain essential funding. In the past, the financial institutions in the United Arab Emirates were not willing to fund export trade due to uncertainty about the foreign market.

The orientation programs organized by the export division also help the companies to familiarize with the legal environments of the foreign markets. Using this information, the firms are able to develop the strategic plans they use in establishing profitable export trade.

The provision of customized services is of critical importance. A firm with the intention of starting an export business has a reliable source of information for strategy formulation Knowledge of legal environment and social structure is essential in strategy development (Jansen, 2009). Furthermore, firms are able to use the information provided to outline their competitive advantages in relation to the potential markets (Jansen, 2009). This is an important aspect of strategic decision making for any firm.

References DED, E. D. (2012, April 5). Export Promotion – Department of Economic Development. Home – دائرة التنمية الاقتصادية. Web.

Jansen, M. (2009). Knowledge is the organisation’s essential source of competetive advantage A discussion. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH.

Simerson, B. K. (2011). Strategic planning a practical guide to strategy formulation and execution. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger.

We will write a custom Essay on The Division of Foreign Trade and Export Support in Abu Dhabi specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

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The Safe Third Country Agreement Research Paper a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Effects of the Agreement

Conclusion

References

Introduction Provision of protection and safety rights to refugees from all over the world is a noble commitment. This type of commitment is given out on a free basis by some of the developed countries in the world, if not all of them. Despite that fact that the United States and Canada have been taking care of the refugees for a long time, refugee policies are undergoing a lot of changes and reconsiderations.

The Safe Third Country Agreement between the United States and Canada signed in 2002 provides examples of such reconsiderations. This paper discusses the impacts and effects of this agreement. This agreement depicts that both, Canada and the United States, in addition to their policies and immigration laws have responsibilities towards refuge seekers under the Geneva Convention to refugees’ status.

Effects of the Agreement The effect of the implementation of this agreement leads to a reduced ability of refugees to make refuge in these countries. Once this agreement (Safe Third Country Agreement) is in force, the immigration of refugees to Canada and the United States can be limited in different ways. First, as soon as the agreement gets in action, refuge seekers can be prevented from filling their claims in both Canada and the United States.

Secondly, according to the rules determined by the United States, refugees requested to apply for asylum in the US other than Canada are not able to do so. When considered, Canadian treatment of asylum claims seem to be stricter as compared to that of the United States, especially in gender based cases. In the United States, the rule that requires a refugee to claim refuge within a year makes a reasonable number of refugees ineligible (Adelman, 2002).

Third, all refugees in the United States and under the agreement cannot make claims. They are afraid of making the claims thinking that they can be treated cruelly or even detained. The next issue is that the agreement should allow the American as well as the Canadian authorities to control the refugees that can be suspected in seeking for asylum with a motive of terrorism.

According to the agreement, some of the refugees seeking asylum in the United States and Canada who have a valid reason for doing so, will not be able to apply being afraid of the procedures to be undertaken according to the new agreement. This makes them move away from applying for these chances.

The other effect is that refugees are vulnerable to hostility and suspicion from Americans as well as Canadians. “The two governments are heavily using the agreement to politically justify that some refugees could be potentially linked terrorism hence disregarding their human rights” (Rights, 2002).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion In conclusion, The Safe Third Agreement is clear evidence that the United States begin to scrutinize its procedure of admitting refugees for the sake of safety of its citizens though performing its international role of provision of asylum to refugees.

The potentiality of the agreement have negative effects to the refugees and it seems to be of less concern to the general public or policy makers in the US. On the other hand, Canada is not able to loose or go far from its economic partner, therefore, goes by the agreement without considering its humanitarian impact.

References Adelman, H. (2002). Canadian Borders and Immigration Post 9/11. The International Migration Review , 36(1), 15-18.

Rights, L. C. (December 4, 2002). US-Canada “Safe Third CountryAgreement”. Will Hurt Asylum Seekers , II. [Press release]. Web.

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Peter Pan and Hook Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Peter Pan is a story about a boy who refused to grow up. The book depicts awful feeling experienced by those who are going through a transitional stage of development, from childhood to adolescence and from adolescence to adulthood.

Escaping responsibility and various changes that accompany maturity are the central themes of an original story. Hook, the movie version, reminds the continuation of a story about Peter Pan. Point of view plays an essential role in the story and in the movie, therefore, the difference becomes more visible. There is also a major difference in the atmosphere evoked during the story retelling and in the attitude or the way the storyteller presents the participants of the action.

The moral impact on the audience is also varied. As a result, one who watches the movie has to alter his or her interpretation of the story. Therefore, the movie does not stay true with regards to the context of the original text. Thus, considering the point of view and the atmosphere in the book and in the original text, the major differences may be captured.

The first major difference can be found in the perspective used to tell the story. In the original text the story is told from the perspective of Wendy and her family. Peter Pan is the most compelling character in the original text, but he shares main roles with Wendy and her family.

Peter Pan’s story makes sense because of the interaction of the main character with Mrs. Darling’s family (Barrie 12). Escapism is the main idea of the original story. In the movie the story is told from the point of view of a middle-aged man who searches for the means of recapturing his glory days.

The protagonist in the movie is performed by a brilliant comedian, who is able to portray the role of a middle-aged man who comes through a mid-life crisis. The mere fact that the producer of the film framed the story through the lens of a middle-aged man makes it difficult to stay true to the spirit of the original story. As a result, the movie is connected overwhelmingly to middle-aged audience who watches it, and the impact on children can be interpreted as minimal.

The middle-aged men who watch the movie are referred emotionally to the story because this is the group who wants to recapture old glory. Robin Williams demonstrates this emotional need in the movie. These men want to be strong and fast again. In other words, they want to fly again; not in a literal sense but in the way they perceive themselves, as having the capability to do almost anything.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They are not happy with their current life and, therefore, they want to escape to an idealized setting where they will be allowed to do whatever they want. Neverland is a fantasy world they can use to make this dream come true (Hook). Although the plot of the story makes it interesting for adults to watch, the power of the original text to enthrall both young and old aged is lost.

The second major difference is the atmosphere evoked during retelling of the story. In the original text Peter Pan’s playfulness is very much evident. In the beginning of the story, Peter Pan’s shadow is trapped in Wendy’s house. This episode is important in understanding the atmosphere.

Shadow is presented as “a flimsy thing, which is not more material than a puff of smoke, and if let go would probably float into the ceiling without discolouring it. Yet it has human shape” (Barrie 13). The very description turns a reader to the playful mood. Although the movie shows the child-like character of some of those who reside at Neverland, the focus is not on their childlikeness but on the struggle of the old Peter Pan to regain his youthfulness.

The third major difference between the movie and the book is the way the storyteller presents the characters. For example, in the movie Peter is grown up and mature. He appears as a family man. He is not supposed to grow up. In the story he possesses no characteristics that can enable him to grow up. In the context of the original story, Peter Pan is the leader of the “lost boys” (Barrie 24) as well as in the plot of the movie.

The term “lost” in the book is used in the euphemistic way to describe children who fell out of their prams when they were babies. In the movie, lost boys are presented as children of different age and from various periods of time The cloths they wear depicts the time they lived into and, as a result, the time they became one of the lost boys. There are only several scenes and a couple of statements in the movie that inform the audience about this group of children (Hook).

Since the movie does not stay true to the original intention of the writer when referred to the “lost boys” (Barrie 24), the movie could not elaborate on the problems experienced by them. Thus, when one tries to interpret the movie, the idea that comes to mind is that these boys are lost not as babies, but being at different ages. The producer found it difficult to insert the idea that these children were being babies.

As a result, the longing of children for knowledge is not clearly depicted in the movie 9they might be older to be lost). In the original story Peter Pan is able to express this longing so well when he explains to Wendy why swallows build their nests on the eaves of houses (Barrie 30). Peter Pan says that the swallows longed to hear the stories told to children. Peter is so amazed when he finally hears an ending to the Cinderella story. He is double amazed when Wendy tells him that she knows similar tales.

We will write a custom Essay on Peter Pan and Hook specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Peter Pan is excited not only for himself but also for his friends, the “lost boys.” He says that he has an access to information and he can use what he knows and bring it back to Neverland. The amazement of Peter doubles with his burning desire to tell stories. This particular aspect of the book is not highlighted in the movie. On the contrary, there is a scene when the boys express how they miss their mother.

Finally, there is a major difference in the moral impact of the story. The movie is centered on the struggles of a middle-aged man who seeks to rediscover the joy of childhood and the powers that make him strong and powerful. But the original text centers on the need to remain childlike.

The moral impact of the movie is to compel the audience to focus on the problems of middle-aged men. The movie appeals to this particular age group. At the same time, the moral impact of the movie is rooted in the need to be a good father and a good husband. At the end of the movie Peter rediscovers his past and the power he possesses to accomplish great things.

He discovers that he is greatly admired because of his skills. But he gives it all up for his children. At the end of the movie Peter Pan does not enjoy the idea of flying compared to the realization that he can never see his children again. It is the love of the parents to children that is the main force that drives the movie.

The original text does not focus on love of the father to his children. The main plot of the original story does not highlight the problems that plague middle-aged men. The message of the original text is simple, the need to rediscover the joy of childhood.

The joy of childhood is rooted in happiness, the lack of anxiety and a certain recklessness that enables children to do impossible things. The morality of the story is that a person can grow old and yet never lose that mindset of a child. The original text is very much different in comparison with the movie version of the Peter Pan story.

Conclusion The movie is not a retelling of the original story. There are many differences in terms of point of view, the atmosphere evoked by the movie and the book, the way the characters are depicted and the morality of the story. It is discovered that the movie is related to middle-aged men and their struggles. But the original text is able to enthrall both young and old people with a powerful and simple message never lose the childlikeness inside.

Works Cited Barrie, James. Peter Pan: The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up. New York: Mobi Classics Series, 2009. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Peter Pan and Hook by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hook. Dir. Steven Spielberg. New York: TriStar Pictures, 1991. DVD.

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L. A. Live: Exploring the Concept Essay essay help: essay help

Los Angeles Live, better known as L.A. Live, is a giant entertainment complex located near the Staples Center, in downtown of the city. The venue is quite popular among L.A. citizens and tourists coming to the Californian center (L.A. LIVE Properties n. p.). The complex counts numerous restaurants, theatres, concert halls, apartments, and movie theatres.

It also possesses a large hotel and joint tower. The recreation centre can be used for various purposes, such as holding various shows and performances, celebrating notable events, and organizing meetings and concerts. There is also a possibility for all people to have a great time by attending restaurants, doing shopping, and enjoying various shows and events (L.A. LIVE Properties n. p.).

L. A. Live is not just a set of venues, shops, and restaurants because it allows people to escape from reality and routine and dedicate their time to enjoying life (L.A. LIVE Properties n. p.). More importantly, attending L. A. Live is a great opportunity to engage with the world of celebrities and the atmosphere of entertainment. Understanding the concept and mission of the complex, the service can also be organized in other regions in California and all over the United States because it brings new energy and atmosphere.

The main mission of the complex is to entertain people and make their lives more exciting, interesting, and less disturbing. While entering this venue, people can have a chance to meet with theatrical world of celebrities, as well as discover new opportunities for amusement and enjoinment. Thus, the center can provide its guests and visitors with unforgettable experience by proposing exceptional services and a number of venues to visit.

Therefore, L.A. Live allows people to bring their own business and lives into a new dimension, a destination which transforms daily routine into another reality. In other words, the complex brings the city to another level and opens new opportunities for people (JM L.A. LIVE n. p.). Attending various sports events, excellent performances, and music awards events provides people with understanding a new conception of leading a life.

The scale and possibilities of the complex have no analogues in the world and, therefore, the guests of L. A. Live have a unique opportunity to become part of important events at international scale. Propagating a new vision and understanding life in large-scale terms can provide LA citizens with a new conception of how leisure time can be enriched.

Moreover, the complex can ensure its guests to receive any type of services. By attending either hotels or dining facilities, the visitors can find the venues that meet their utmost requirements – from casual style of spending time to the most sophisticated one.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is a well-known fact that Americans spend the most of their recreation budget on film industry because they are regular cinema goers. Therefore, they will definitely be interested in learning more about celebrities and producers who contributed to the film production (Winter and Vertikoff 17).

L. A. LIVE gives a marvelous chance to become closer to the cinema art for ordinary people. The largest recreation centre offers stylish and exclusive event space that can be adjusted to the needs of clients. The event space features a luxury service that can only be provided by L.A. LIVE staff. It offers access to various attractions, including Nokia Theatre, Staples Center, and L.A. Convention Center (JM L.A. LIVE n. p.).

Because the attraction complex is a step-forward toward the future of recreation centers, similar facilities and conceptions can be established in other cities and districts to make U.S. people feel themselves part of something important and global. Such a conception meets the globalization trend according to which people should think globally and contribute to the local development of their cities.

The rapid development of entertainment business in California and other regions of the Untied Unites explains the great dependency of the Americans on the recreation sphere (Winter and Vertikoff 45). Therefore, the architecture, location, and facilities identify the functions and purposes of Los Angeles.

Although L. A. LIVE is another project supporting the city image, it still differs much from the conception because it is considered more than just center for having rest and amusement. It has become a much more important part of daily life which has a potent impact on the actual lifestyles of individuals living in accordance with the established rhythm. Therefore, entertainment business has become a part of purposes, missions, and philosophies of the Californian district.

In conclusion, L.A. LIVE’s outlook on the conception of recreation and entertainment allows for changes of LA citizens’ views on amusement and leisure time. Becoming part of large-scale project provides guests of the center with a unique opportunity to participate in an exclusive event.

The center is also able to find alternative paths to meet the requirements of the most exigent clients and establish new patterns and standards of holding meeting, conferences, concerts and performances. Therefore, such a conception should also bring new energy to other regions in the United States.

We will write a custom Essay on L. A. Live: Exploring the Concept specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited JM L.A. LIVE. L.A. LIVE. n. d. Web.

L.A. LIVE Properties, Overview, L.A. LIVE. n. d. Web. https://www.lalive.com/visitor-center

Winter, Robert and Alexander Vertikoff. The Architecture of Entertainment: L.A. in the Twenties. US: Gibbs Smith, 2006, Print.

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Collabo Product Essay (Critical Writing) college application essay help

As for many organizations, the challenge of coming up with a new product lies with the product development department. In this case the name of the new product shall be Collabo. Collabo is a unique laptop with phone features that allow the user to make and receive calls, write short messages and besides, perform all other functions of a normal computer. In case of a phone call, the user receives it via its earphones.

The gadget has an alternative source of power so that even those from rural areas without electricity can be able to operate it easily. This implies that the Collabo product meets the United Nations conventions on environment in line with the making use of the natural sources of energy such as the sun that does not involve so much processing that emits gases that are harmful.

It is intended to cut the costs of buying two separate gadgets which might be too expensive for most of the consumers. This is made possible through a combination of both the phone and laptop features in one gadget and then priced as a unit.

As for this product, the market segmentation variable that will be used is the geographic variable. Geographic segmentation entails classifying the market based on age, occupation, income and religion (Burrell, 2004).

However, in this case, we shall classify the market while laying emphasis on age and income of the consumers. This method of segmentation is the best for Collabo because it involves a lot of technological applications that require young and ambitious people. In addition, any company that is searching for a large market, then the young population shall be the option to go for.

This is because in many countries, the population of the youths is more than that of the old people. Consequently, there are more youths in the labor market than their old counterparts. Besides, these young people have little disposable income and most of them hence cannot afford to buy a phone and a laptop separately and thus the need for this new product.

Specifically, the target market for Collabo shall be the young people of the age bracket 20 to 28 years old. Most of the people in this bracket are college and young employees who are aggressive and fast in embracing a new technology. In addition, they get a yearly income of $ 10,000 to $ 40,000 on average depending on whether they are students or newly employed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This means they can only buy a product that does not stretch their disposable income to a larger extent. With the emergency of the current trends in business where people make transaction over the web, it is prudent for people to make use of efficient gadgets that facilitate business activities.

It is worth noting that the youths are so much into social networks such as Facebook and Twitter than any other sites. According to psychologists, people in this age bracket are into intimacy versus isolation and consequently, most of their social needs are met through chatting and befriending people on these sites.

They spend most of the time on the internet because it quickly avails their wants by just a click on the mouse. It is with this concern on the behavior of customers that the Collabo product shall be invented so that it suits the needs of its target group.

Moreover, the product (Collabo) shall be of benefit to the market because of its relatively low price, thus saving the real income of the consumers (Kotler, 2001). Besides, it saves energy as it is only one gadget’s battery that is in use compared to the case of two separate gadgets with different batteries.

In addition, most of the assignments are sent by the lecturers over the internet to the students. This implies that those who have regular access to the internet get the assignments in time than those who do not have. Furthermore, the students are required to type and submit typed work for marking and also to create references for their work. All these requirements are time consuming and tedious to conduct. Hence, when all the above needs are put into consideration, the Collabo becomes the best product for them (students).

Looking at the market prices, a standard laptop goes for $ 500 but Collabo with its inbuilt laptop and phone features, shall be introduced at a price of $ 425 because we want to establish a presence in the market while keeping check on the quality of our product.

When a company introduces a new product in the market, it ventures into advertisements, giving free samples and also not forgetting to offer the products at a relatively lower price in order to attract a large customer base. It is worth noting that in as much as the new product, Collabo enters the market, there are other relatively similar products in the industry. So, the mangers have to select the price of this product diligently to keep up with the base of the market.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Collabo Product specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The pricing strategy that shall be employed is the cost-based pricing with emphasis on the product features. This is meant to cover the cost of the features and the profit margins so that the firm can be efficient in its operations. The other things considered in this pricing strategy is the technology employed in producing the product and the labor.

If the technology is imported, then the prices of the products go high. However, as for Collabo, the technology that shall be used is going to be sourced locally while also making use of local labor. This translates to low prices for Collabo.

The objectives that shall be met include satisfying the consumers’ needs and remaining competitive in the market. Collabo satisfies the consumers’ needs through convenience in providing all services of a phone and laptop in one gadget.

On the other hand, the patent rights that shall be acquired will enable the firm to continue enjoying its innovation over a long time and this facilitates a competitive edge in the market.

It goes without saying that the product is worth this price because it is an initial price that is meant to attract more and make the product relatively affordable. Besides, it covers the cost of producing it.

Following the product life cycle (PLC), at the introductory stage, the product will be charged for $ 425 as we endeavor to gain access into the market. The lower price shall serve both as a pricing strategy and a package of attraction. At the growth stage, we shall increase the price to $ 450 to cover the costs of advertising and sales.

This is a stage when the firm has gained some market presence and hence has some royal customer. However, at maturity stage, we will charge $ 500 to keep up with the market prices and at this point many customers would have embraced our products. Finally, at the decline stage, we shall lower the price to $ 450 if we find there is need for us to divest the product from the market. This will depend on the customer demand for the Collabo.

Reference List Burrell, T. (2004). Marketing strategies. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Collabo Product by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kotler, P. (2001). Principles of marketing. New York, NY: Pearson.

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“Round Midnight” by Carmen Sings Monk vs. “Hotter than That” by Louis Armstrong Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

This study looks at jazz elements including vocalists and accompaniments as portrayed by Carmen McRae in the song “Round Midnight” and Louis Armstrong in the song “Hotter than That”. The two jazz artists portray their brilliance in composition as seen in their variation between vocals and instrumentation.

Carmen wrote the song “Round Midnight” at the end of the Second World War, when he was only 18. He performed the song with his band a few years later, after he had mastered various styles of other musicians. The song “Round Midnight” is a dark and beautiful ballad that provides a fresh and original sound that is timeless.

Carmen portrays a brilliant understanding of the lyric and its placement as he plays the chord during rubato sections. The phrasing by McRae shows independence in the arrangement of chords to match the key words in the lyrics. He brings out the mood of the song by adjusting his voicing to encase the melody in a supportive manner.

“Hotter than Hot” by Louis Armstrong is identified as one of the greatest jazz recordings in the history of jazz music. Louis brings out a crisp and live performance by skillfully combining his trumpet and vocals in the piece. The song comprises a lead from the piano, a trombone solo by Kid Orv and intro licks by Louis.

The song shows exceptional understanding of roles by the musicians, with Louis playing the vocals and trumpet, Kid Ory the trombone, Johnny Dodds the clarinet, Lil Armstrong the piano, Lonnie Johnson the guitar, and Johnny St. Cyr the banjo.

The performance involves collaboration between the original “Hot Five Group” and Lonnie, a featured musician. Louis’ brilliance as a solo vocalist is evident, which explains his dominance in the group’s performances. The song has a higher tendency towards jam sounds on the chord than it has on melody. “Hotter than That” uses an eight bar introduction with a fast tempo.

It starts with a trumpet solo by Armstrong, which portrays a strong melodic notion with a combination of an energetic sound and a stylish swing. The song presents the rhythmic sense of Armstrong, using his vocals behind the beat and a set of dotted quarter notes that deviate from the original beat of the melody.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The melody by Armstrong contains various styles, including the use of scat singing as seen in the repeated use of “RIP” with a rising glissando, and the invention of the word “BEBOP”, which was picked up as a reference to the jazz movement in the 1940s.

For instance, Louis’ performance in the first chorus is serene, as he approaches the break in a rhythmical way. The appeal of jazz music is seen in the energy, brilliance, dominance and confidence of the vocalists with the support of the entire group in their instrumentation. The rapid change of emotion in instrumentation is a feature of jazz music.

This is observed in the performance of “Hotter than That” when Dodds plays his clarinet solo with an angry opening that is supported by Lil the piano. The urgency of the two instruments prepares the audience for beautiful music that follows the performance, as Louis varies his tempo while singing and applying the hornlike scat solos.

Jazz music exhibits a formidable partnership between vocals and instruments. The brilliance of instrumentalists is seen when Lonnie Johnson plays his guitar solo using the single-string ideas, as he skillfully bends his guitar strings to impersonate the moans by Louis. Such working relationships between vocalists and accompanists make jazz performances a powerful and timeless source of musical entertainment.

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Understanding of the World Trade Organization Essay custom essay help

Following the interest that your highly reputable firm has expressed regarding setting foot in overseas markets, it is prudent that we bring to your attention the organizations that govern international trade. In this respect, we hope to help you understand some of the unacceptable business malpractices in foreign markets.

Moreover, we aim at enlightening you on how business conflicts can be resolved amicable through the assistance of global bodies (Bines

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Rhetorical Analysis Essay best essay help

Introduction The use of rhetoric strategies and appeals, for example logos, ethos, together with pathos to lure customers to buy a company’s products or services is a practice that has been embraced by companies for a long time now. From big corporations to the not-so big ones, the benefits of this practice are invaluable.

This is well demonstrated in the web page of the Double Cola Company, (www.double-cola.com), a web page that is committed to targeting and attracting the young audience of the high-end economic status. The aim of this paper is to highlight how Double Cola Company has incorporated these elements into its website as a measure of attracting customers. By carefully using rhetorical elements of logos, ethos and pathos, the web page is able to successfully able to target its audience.

The web page www.double-cola.com is a well-crafted medium that presents various products of the Double Coca Company. This company was founded in 1922 in Chattanooga, Tennessee (“Why settle for the ordinary” par 1). The company has grown to become one of the leading providers of carbonated drinks in the United States and beyond her borders.

Using rhetoric appeal, the web page conveys the company’s products as the ideal choice for the young and high-end or well-off consumer. Running down at the web page is a historic logo of a small boy with a big smile as he runs holding a large Double Cola bottle, which was then called the Jumbo Cola. This logo is an effective rhetorical element.

Children are often associated with purity and innocence. Because small children have this characteristic, they are a trigger for the emotions of an audience, every audience, irrespective of age or any other demographic. This is an effective rhetorical element of pathos used by the web page.

The objective of this image is to affect the target audience in a number of ways, which entirely center on emotion. A young person is bound to see the image and think about the boy carrying the giant sized bottle of Cola, and consider the carbonated drink to be the favorite drink of the boy.

A young person is also bound to compare himself or herself with the young boy, and argue that since the boy is similar to him, he should get a Double Cola as well. An image of a young person skiing is also seen on the web page, demonstrating the energy that one can have by consuming the products of the company. The objective of this image is to trigger interest among the young people to compare themselves with the young person shown (“The Double Cola Company” par. 3).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is unique about the web page is its messages that are targeted to not just any ordinary consumer, but only to the high-end or rich consumer. The message for the Double Cola, for example, is “Why settle for ordinary when you could try something unexpected? Savor the taste of freedom, and enjoy the ride” (“The Double Cola Company” par. 4). Below the webpage the message is repeated (but in large letters) and reads thus: “NEVER SETTLE FOR THE ORDINARY” (“The Double Cola Company” par. 6).

This can be found at the company’s web site. Certainly, the objective of the web page was to target their products not to the ordinary young person, but to those that are ready to go for the extraordinary. All the products of the company, including the Double Cola, Chaser, Ski, Jumbo and Oranta are highly priced products that only those willing to go for the extraordinary can afford.

This is however not the message conveyed by the web page, because it would be ineffective to inform its audience that its products are expensive compared to other carbonated drinks. By presenting itself as the provider of drinks for the young and the extraordinary consumer, the web page is able to target its target audience.

The use of ethos and pathos is also present in the web page’s message of the Hard to find and Easy to Love message. Below the message, there is an appeal by the web page for one not to settle for easy, but to go and discover the hidden treasures found in a Double-Cola. This message targets not the ordinary young consumer, but only a consumer who is ready to go for the best in the market.

The use of logos is also found in a Did You Know message found at the bottom of the web page, which informs the consumer that every Cracker Barrel Old Country Store located in the country has glass bottles of the Double Cola, which are sold in vintage four-packs. This is a message targeting only those ready to pay for a four-pack. The web page seeks to make its target market realize that consumers are willing to pay for a four-pack, demonstrating how good their product is (“The Double Cola Company” par. 5).

Conclusion The use of logos, ethos, pathos and rhetorical elements is heavily evident in the website. This is in spite of the web page’s lack of using video commercials, which could have conveyed further messages on a video platform.

The above analysis of the various rhetorical elements incorporated in the web page demonstrates the company’s commitment to ensure that their target market, the young and the high-end consumer, is reached. By presenting their products as the premium products that are above ordinary, the company, through its web page, is able to curve a niche in the carbonated drinks market.

We will write a custom Essay on Rhetorical Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited “The Double Cola Company.” double-cola. Double Cola, inc. n.d. Web.

“Why settle for the ordinary.” double-cola. Double Cola, inc. n.d. Web.

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Death Penalty Issues in Tennessee State Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Death penalty dominates considerably within the American law. Numerous politicians have fronted varying opinions on the matter. This is evident in the current politics of Tennessee, USA, especially in the Hamilton County. Individuals who commit capital offences usually face the death penalty as a retaliatory measure (Stearman 16). Nonetheless, this provision has been condemned by the human rights lobby groups and other political activists who hope to attract and retain more supporters based on their position on the matter.

Contextually, Guy Satterfield, who hopes to succeed Ron Littlefield in the Chattanooga mayoral seat, has demonstrated a considerable stance on the matter. This politician hopes (while in office) to create a bill that will restructure the death penalty to favour the aspects of human rights. Guy Satterfield uses various evidences to support his position on the matter.

Everybody has a right to life regardless of their crime. This argument tends to disregard the death penalty for the benefit of the TN state. Other aspirants including Rob Healy, Andy Berke, and Tom McCullough among other politicians have demonstrated ambiguous positions regarding the matter. Various speeches produced by Guy Satterfield have condemned the aspects of death penalty based on his considerable arguments.

Evidently, death penalty cannot be used to reduce crime. There are various reasons why people commit crimes. There is need to address such issues vastly so as to avert criminal incidences. Issues ranging from unemployment to inequality in the society have contributed immensely to the mentioned crimes (Stearman 34).

In this context, it is crucial to claim that death penalty cannot be effective in reducing crime within Tennessee and beyond. Upcoming political aspirants have majored on this issue so as to attract various supporters. There is need to bar politicians from manipulating the law to favour their political interests. It is agreeable that death penalty can bar individuals from committing capital offences; however, there are other offences that must be curbed in time before such culprits engage in the condemned capital crimes.

Guy Satterfield hopes to enact considerable changes in regard to death penalty. For example, it is arguable that the culprits of capital crimes can be rehabilitated for the better. In fact, they can change considerably and act as examples for the new generations.

This thwarts the need to execute them in the context of death penalty. The human rights lobby groups have concurred with Guy Satterfield on his speeches. They intend to discount the death penalty. It is crucial to understand the provisions of this retaliatory measure so as to argue for or against the concerned subject.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The law, since its enactment, has had considerable oppositions from various groups as indicated earlier. Being an election time, politicians from the Hamilton County have had contentious positions on the matter. Nevertheless, the provisions of death penalty are unfair to the mankind. Capital offences can be subjected to such initiatives regardless of the situation (Jackson and Diane 76). This argument is supported by various literatures written to discern various aspects of the death penalty.

Personally, the politician’s views regarding the death penalty are correct. The state should address various factors that contribute to the concerned crimes rather than punishing the culprits inconsiderably. This will also reduce other potential crimes within the Hamilton County and beyond. The stance taken on the matter is important based on its contentious contexts. There is need for equality, viable education, employment opportunities, and social wellbeing.

Works Cited Carroll, Chris. 2013 Chattanooga election begins to take shape. 2012. Web. https://www.timesfreepress.com/news/local/story/2012/sep/22/2013-chattanooga-election-begins-to-take-shape/88616/

Jackson, Bruce and Diane Christian. In This Timeless Time: Living and Dying on Death Row in America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012. Print.

Stearman, Kaye. The Death Penalty. New York, NY: Rosen Pub. Group’s Rosen Central, 2007. Print.

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Leadership of Change in an Organization Case Study essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Why Richard Kelly failed in first attempt

Effective subsequent actions by Richard

Evaluation of leadership

Conclusion

Introduction A good leader should be able to persuade, inspire and enable others to participate towards the success of an organization. Good leadership in organizational change calls for leaders with certain skills and qualifications such as self-assurance, emotional acumen, and intelligence among others. Various leadership styles apply in bringing change in an organization.

Some of the leadership styles include task-focused leadership, situational leadership, visionary leadership and authoritative leadership. The change process involves developing urgency of change, empowering change groups, developing a vision, frequent and powerful communication of the vision, eliminating change obstacles, creating short-term goals, building on change and incorporating change in the organization processes.

Why Richard Kelly failed in first attempt To bring effective change in an organization, hard work is required. Richard did not plan his change strategy carefully. Richard was impatient and expected instant results too soon. Richard should have developed an open and persuasive discourse about order processing with employees and customers to support his argument. It was important for Richard to ensure that at least three quarters of the organization management supported his change idea.

Richard did not spend enough time and energy in creating the order processing urgency. Richard experienced panic and moved too fast to other steps that resulted in short-term monetary losses due to purchases. Richard was successful in convincing the management of the need to change the order process.

However, he did not consider fragile components of his change strategy that required commitment and involvement of managers from other departments. Richard failed to identify possible obstacles that affected his strategy. Richard also failed to identify equals opposed to change and assisted them in understanding the need for change.

Effective subsequent actions by Richard In his second attempt to improve the organization’s order process, Richard took some effective actions that delivered the desired change. The first action was gathering information on the reasons for the delay while processing and filling orders. This was pivotal in creating urgency that is a key step in bringing change in an organization.

The second action was meeting with various department managers. This was necessary in forming task forces that ensured commitment. This helped convince the management of the need for change. The next effective action was securing the services of an external consultant.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Various examinations of the problem done by the various task forces were highly effective too. They helped in establishing what they were doing wrong as well as what needed some improvement. The other effective action by Richard was getting the support of the Chief Executive Officer that was evident in the meetings he attended.

Evaluation of leadership From the case study, the change leadership provided by the Chief Executive Officer is very effective. The Chief Executive Officer allows other employees to participate fully in the success of the organization. The Chief Executive Officer’s trust in employees’ to deliver desired results is also a feature of effective leadership.

In change leadership, trusting and believing in employees’ abilities as well as supporting their ideas deliver positive results. A good leader should be intelligent, self-assured, influential and inspiring. All these features are well manifested by the Chief Executive Officer.

Conclusion In bringing effective change in an organization, ethical leadership is very important. The choice of leadership style used should take into consideration the organization’s culture, goals and vision. The steps used in effecting change are important and require enough time to ensure that unprecedented losses and expenditures are not experienced.

When making change to a process that people are used to, it is important to make consultations on any desired changes to the process. Enough and thorough research should be carried out before effecting any change.

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The Issue of American Horror Story Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

The annual Emmy Awards attract a lot of audience to the screens of TV sets because many people want to be the first to know the names of the winners. It is important to note that the popularity of the Emmy Awards is connected with the fact that the nominated primetime shows entertain the millions of Americans each evening, and all these shows have their fans.

That is why, the 64th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Ceremony which was on Sunday, September 23, 2012 drew the attention of TV fans and critics. The most controversial situation is associated with the problem of categories according to which the shows were assessed. The fans of American Horror Story accentuate the fact that the category for presenting the show was chosen inappropriately.

Producers of the show are inclined not to comment on the situation, and critics propose different explanations to the problem. Thus, examining the information about this controversial situation with determining the category for American Horror Story, it is necessary to pay attention to such aspects as the speaker or the person who provides his vision of the problem, the causes of the situation, and its consequences in relation to the fact the show has not won all the announced nominations.

To examine the aspects of the situation, it is significant to refer to different sources of information. The materials presented in the daily magazine The Hollywood Reporter and posted by the online provider of business news International Business Times were chosen to compare and contrast the approaches to the media coverage of the situation.

The Hollywood Reporter is oriented to the entertainment information that is why the information was presented in the form of commenting on Jessica Lange’s (the actress of American Horror Story) vision of the problem, basing on the interview with the actress.

Jessica Lange “took a firm no comment on whether the FX series would have been better off competing in the drama category”, but concentrated on her emotions in relation to the work (Goldberg). According to the first criterion, the readers of The Hollywood Reporter have the opportunity to observe the situation only from the point and position of one person.

That is why, this vision can be discussed as rather subjective. The material presented at International Business Times provides the viewpoints of several speakers interested in the problem. Thus, it is possible to examine the position of the producers, of John Landgraf, FX’s president, and of James Hibberd in relation to the problem of confusing categories (Zara).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the most important aspects to be highlighted is the causes of presenting American Horror Story in the category of miniseries when the show actually should be nominated in the drama category because of its format.

The article in The Hollywood Reporter does not provide the direct answers to the question of causes, providing the description of the situation with references to Jessica Lange’s words (Goldberg). However, the material at International Business Times provides the audience with several possible causes of the situation with references to different persons.

Thus, it is stated in the article, “many critics saw the move as a thinly veiled way to keep the show from competing directly with heavy hitters in the Outstanding Drama category, including AMC’s Mad Men and Breaking Bad and Showtime’s Homeland (Zara). Moreover, John Landgraf accentuates that “we always knew that American Horror Story was going to be a miniseries in the sense that we knew that it was a close-ended show” (Zara). It is possible to state that the question of real causes remains still open.

The fans of American Horror Story concentrate on the fact that the inappropriate category could influence the chances of the show to win the nomination. From this point, it is necessary to focus on presenting the consequences of the situation for the show. Thus, answering the question about the chances of American Horror Story to win the nomination in another category, Jessica Lange said, “I don’t know. That’s an area that I wouldn’t be able to speak to” (Goldberg).

When the position of Jessica Lange in relation to the outcomes of being nominated in the wrong category cannot be identified clearly, the position of the author of the material presented at International Business Times is rather clear. Stating that the controversy “ended with a thud on Sunday night when Horror Story lost to Game Change”, the author connects the choice of an inappropriate category for nomination with the show’s loss (Zara).

In spite of the fact the materials presented in The Hollywood Reporter and at International Business Times are dedicated to the controversy with categories at the Emmy Awards, the approaches to discussing the aspects of the situation are different. The coverage of the situation in two sources differs in three criteria which are the speaker, the discussion of the causes, and the analysis of the consequences of nominating American Horror Story in the category of miniseries instead of the drama category.

Works Cited Goldberg, Lesley. “Emmys 2012: Jessica Lange Says ‘American Horror Story’ Like ‘Doing a Different Film’”. The Hollywood Reporter 24 Sep. 2012: 10.

We will write a custom Essay on The Issue of American Horror Story specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Zara, Christopher. Confusing Emmy Categories Are The Real American Horror Story. 24 Sep. 2012. Web. .

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Stereotype Threat Report college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Abstract There has been an immense concern of the impact of gender and racial stereotyping on the academic performance of individuals stereotyped from these angles. Poor performance of women in comparison to men in some subjects such as mathematics had been attributed to the existing differences, both biological and social, between them and men.

However, this was before the emergence of the discipline of stereotype threat in 1995. In the current research, it is confirmed that elimination of stereotypes on women’s abilities in mathematics can enhance their performance in mathematics, a subject that has been taken a reserve for men.

Introduction Before the development of research in the field of stereotype threats, psychologists coupled with various practitioners in the field of social psychology enormously believed that the differences in performance between boys and girls in intelligence and mathematics tests were related to their sociological and biological differences.

However, emerging researches as from 1990s have shown that the existing differences in social situations can often truncate into the depiction of differences in performance in intelligence and math tests among boys and girls.

These social situations involve the creation of awareness of negative stereotypes especially in a situation encompassing stereotyping of the relevant group domains. The impacts of stereotyping are found as being incredibly pronounced among groups of persons who identify themselves strongly with particular groups and domains (Stone et al, 1999, p.1213).

Why Introduce ST Claude Steele introduced the topic of ST in the discipline of social psychology in 1995. He defined it interactively as the fear that people have while confirming their negative stereotype characteristic on their individual groups (Steele

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Concept of the Utilitarian Theory by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill Essay argumentative essay help

Utilitarianism is a normative theory in the field of philosophy, which claims that a suitable course of action maximizes overall happiness (Stokes 18). Utilitarian theory is concerned about the consequences of an action. However, it is unclear whether the consequences are imagined or real.

Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are the two main supporters of the theory. Bentham argues that the greatest number of people should achieve happiness if utilitarianism is to be achieved in society. Under all circumstances, people should avoid evil and always strive to do the right thing in society. To Bentham, the act of doing right and avoiding evil is referred to as the fundamental axiom (Bentham 31).

According to Bentham, nature places individuals under the governance of either pain or happiness. Therefore, it is upon human beings to determine their destinies. The cost of happiness or pain is usually measured in terms of intensity, period, certainty, and solitude of an event or action. Apart from measuring the intensity of an act, it is also important to consider the number of people affected by an action or event.

Stuart Mill concurs with Bentham’s views that individuals have the freedom to select what is right for them. For Mill, an individual can decide to choose a pleasure that does not satisfy his needs fully. However, Mill notes that no individual can accept to lower his or her dignity to enjoy high pleasures (Mill 56). In particular, he suggests that no human being can accept to be put in the same category as beasts.

Since Tasha is in a position to help the local poor, she should not temper with the prices of goods. Utilitarianism suggests that an individual should always strive to do the right thing in the right way. If Tasha increases the prices of goods, few people will be able to acquire them.

Nonetheless, the locals cannot do without winter clothes because of the bad weather. According to Bentham, Tasha will be going against the cardinal rule, which he referred to as the fundamental axiom. Increasing the prices of winter clothes is an act that does not aim at bringing happiness to the majority.

Happiness is achieved when the needs of the majority in society are met. For the case of Tasha, her act of tripling the prices of products will simply bring individual happiness. This is not what utilitarianism promotes. To Stuart Mill, Tasha will have lowered her dignity to the level equivalent to that of a beast. In real sense, an individual should not allow his or her status to be lowered only to achieve high pleasures.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moore notes that other aspects, such as love and knowledge, influence happiness (Moore 19). Therefore, Tasha should consider the problems facing the locals before increasing the prices of winter clothes. In the first place, people might have lost their resources during the catastrophe. This means that they might not be having enough money to acquire the basic products. However, they will have to look for little cash since their happiness depends on the acquisition of winter clothes.

Without the winter clothes, the locals would not make it in life. Since Tasha is a knowledgeable person, she should know that people are suffering. Her love for members of society should not vanish for the sake of making abnormal profits. Tasha will be perceived as somebody with the interest of the majority at heart if she charges people normal prices. Consequently, members of society will collectively achieve high pleasures.

Works Cited Bentham, Jeremy. The Works of Jeremy Bentham: Published under the Superintendence of His Executor, John Bowring, Volume 1. New York: Adamant Media Corporation, 2001. Print.

Mill, Stuart. A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive (Classic Reprint). New York: Forgotten Books, 2011. Print.

Moore, George. Ethics. London: Williams and Norgate, 1912. Print.

Stokes, Eric. The English Utilitarian and India. London: Clarendon Press, 1963. Print.

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The ways, limits and opposition to individualism Essay online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Renaissance and Reformation: ways of individualism

Limits and opposition to Individual freedom

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Renaissance began in the early fourteenth century in Italy. Later the wave swept over North Europe as new teachings that focused on an individual began to emerge. In the twelfth century when St Francis of Assisi began challenging the worship. He established the Franciscans religious group which embraced a way of worship that was more personalized. This was a spark that would later explode to make Italy the heart of renaissance.

This spirit spread to Europe in the mid fifteenth century when Europe began to experience significant economic growth that aided further renaissance and reformation. Reformation was more of an outcome of renaissance that served to promote individualism in the society. In this paper, the ways and means that enabled individualism and its limits will be discussed. In addition, the opposing factors to individual freedom will also be argued.

Renaissance and Reformation: ways of individualism In the mid fifteenth century, renaissance began in Europe in the Flanders region. This region consisted of the prosperous cities of those days and their economic status made a great contribution to this rebirth. This later spread to the rest of Europe as economic status registered a significant growth.

This was initiated by different people particularly artists, who through their artistic pieces made the people change their way of thinking; initially people were thinking and living in accordance with the church’s teachings paying huge taxes and watching helplessly as the clergy indulged in all sorts of evil.

With the introduction of renaissance, it made sense to focus on an individual as a contributor to the beauty of the world and hence the one, who values the ideas of each and everyone. A German artist, Albrecht Durer made a trip to Italy to learn new artistic techniques and brought them back home and applied these to his work spreading the Italian renaissance to his people.

Desiderius Erasmus who was a priest of the Dutch origin produced a Greek translation of the new testament of the Bible and pushed for vernacular translations to enable the people to read the bible themselves. Thomas More pushed for social reform through his book Utopia where he describes a harmonious society as ideal. He also emphasized on justice as a way to stop crime and not to put an end to the criminal. (More 4).

William Shakespeare spread the gospel of renaissance through his well crafted plays. European humanist scholars pushed for education and the ancient ways of learning as a way to liberate the people. They insisted on religious themes to be incorporated in the learning process to bring about moral and religious transformation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The introduction of printing would take Europe to another level. A German priest, Johan Gutenberg, produced the first print version of the entire Bible. Printing made books more available and cheaper, and reading became the culture for the Europeans. When people can read and understand, it is easier to pass across knowledge and ideas that would enlighten the population more on individual freedom and value. As renaissance continued in Europe, the worldly behavior of the churchmen became unbearable.

The then Christians would read the Bible as they had learnt how to read and the Bible was available in different languages; this meant that they understood what was required of them according to God’s laws. This also opened doors to a fresh quest for reforms. Martin Luther initiated this fight that would later enable him to lead a group of Protestants out of the Roman Catholic Church which was the only church in those days.

German Princes opted out of the Roman Catholic Church and joined Luther’s Lutheranism. This led to eruption of religious wars which ended in 1555 when the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, agreed to sign the Peace of Augsburg agreement with the Princes to let them chose the religion for their lands. More groups of people continued to deviate from the teachings of the Catholic Church.

Calvinists believed that destiny was predetermined by God not set by a person’s deeds. Anabaptists upheld martyrdom and many of them were executed for various reasons. Zwingli first abandoned the catholic teachings and embraced Lutheranism. He went further and deviated from the Lutheran way by going against fasting in lent. He also spearheaded marriages of priests giving rise to Zwinglism.

Limits and opposition to Individual freedom Choosing the way of worship was more personalized. However, the fact that princes were left to choose which system of worship was to be followed in their territories left many with no choice but to comply. Sir Henry due to his own selfish desires took over the Church of England.

He wanted to get a second wife with the hope of getting a male heir to his throne. This was not allowable in the Catholic Church and so he took off. He wanted people to worship his way and those who refused, like Thomas More, were executed. Menocchio’s rebellious spirit got him burnt alive. He was a peasant whose liberated mind made him question the Christian belief about the origin of God. This got him into serious trouble with the church (Gunzburg 28).

The early church dominated the lives of the people making it almost impossible for any human being to control their lives. However, renaissance brought back a revival of culture and a more realistic view of the world and life. The Church only focused on life after death but renaissance brought back the idea of living here and now.

We will write a custom Essay on The ways, limits and opposition to individualism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The then Christians lacked the freedom to express their views or desires; all they had to do was follow the Church’s doctrines and teachings without question. The Priests were so worldly, corrupt and greedy. They were a complete contrast of the disciples whose character the church was supposed to emulate. They lived luxuriously, off the people’s hard earned resources which were submitted to the church as taxes and offerings in exchange for indulgence.

This would not be questioned by anybody as the people’s minds were enslaved. With renaissance, the voice of the people had to be heard as they refused to follow these doctrines and opted out of the Catholic Church. This liberation was very much opposed by the church in a bid to stay in control but they fought a losing battle. Finally the church had to go through a great reformation due to overwhelming pressure.

Conclusion Renaissance and reformation were outcomes of a number of activities. The growth of economy that was aided by the powerful merchants in the region was a great pillar of renaissance. This was the source of financing for the reform agenda. The medieval church had held the minds of the people captive in its teachings and doctrines for ages.

This changed with renaissance as people realized their worth and place in the universe. The church was the main opponent to freedom that came about with renaissance and reformation. The political leadership of the regions chose the way of worship to be followed by their people. This was a bit limiting in terms of making individual choices.

Works Cited More, Sir Thomas. Utopia. Ed. Robert M. Adams. New York: Norton and Company, 1992. Print.

Gunzburg, Carlo. The Cheese and the Worms: the cosmos of a sixteenth-century miller

Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992, c1980. Print.

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Critical Analysis of the Plays: The Three Sisters and Happy Days Essay (Critical Writing) essay help

Happy Days is a play introduced by Winnie, a middle aged woman buried up to her waist. However, the play does not explain why Winnie is in that position, and for how long she will remain there. Winnie describes how it is another happy day for her, with the sun shining. She expresses her gratitude because she is able to breathe. The play does not reflect realism because Winnie cannot be optimistic of the day, when she is buried in the sand.

The play does not suggest a positive character to the audience since Winnie, who speaks of optimism, is stuck at the bottom of the hierarchy of needs. The play does not explain to the audience why Winnie is covered in the sand, and for how long she will stay in that state (Beckett 1994). Although it can be used to create suspense so as to win the audience’s attention and curiosity, the playwright does not answer these questions by the end of the play.

This does not reflect realism because the play should depict the real life of the audience. Nevertheless, the play is entitled Happy Days, with the character speaking of a happy day because the sun is shining and she is alive. This indicates that this part of literature was intended to breed optimism in society. However, this cannot be achieved because the audience relates the words of the characters and the situations around them.

Winnie is speaking of a happy day when she is soaked in sand. Happiness cannot be identified and reflected by the characters. Therefore, the play does not impact the audience with a sense of optimism, since the characters are in struggles of survival. Theater will improve when literary artists connect words of characters with their situations on stage so as to create originality and realism to the audience.

On the other hand, The Three Sisters describes three characters, where one of them is a provincial school head teacher. The second character is the head teacher’s wife, while the third one is non committal to marriage. The trio had a purpose to leave their village and move to Moscow. The three girls, with their brother Andrei, live a dream of returning to Moscow, where they hope that life will be charming and stimulating.

From the movie, nothing can surface to replace their hopes of going back to Moscow (Candby 1977). According to the girls, Moscow would change their lifestyles. However, tragedy struck and shuttered their hopes. The play does not fulfill the girls’ dream of landing back in Moscow. This does not reflect optimism since the girls’ hopes were not fulfilled in the play. It also suggests that the play cannot impart optimism to the audience because the characters used did not achieve their dreams.

The audience associates itself with characters in the movie, and when they cannot achieve their dreams in the play, the audience will feel the same. Therefore, the two plays do not show optimism because characters used do not point it to the audience. Literature is used as a mirror of communication to society. Characters used in the plays represent actual scenes in real life, whereby they should be to portray actual lifestyles.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More References Beckett, S. (1994). Happy Days. New York, NY: Grove Press.

Candby, V. (1977). New York Times. The Three Sisters (1965) Film: Egos Beset Chekhov’s sisters.

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Change/innovation of Facebook Problem Solution Essay essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction to Change/innovation of Facebook

Change/innovation strategies

Conclusion

References

Introduction to Change/innovation of Facebook Facebook should devise new strategies to meet the changing demands among the clients. Innovation is a fundamental process because it enhances profitability within online corporations. Over the years, the company has been relying solely on revenues from basic advertisements and campaigns that promote different organizational processes.

This signifies that the Facebook is popular among populations that do not contribute to its financial growth. Furthermore, the corporations’ administrators have limited revenue because majority of their clients lack resources (Baloun, 2007). The company can reinstate its position in the market through invention and innovation. These changes will aid the company capitalize on profitability. Consequently, it is necessary to highlight the changes that will increase the profitability of facebook.

Change/innovation strategies Facebook should introduce new features that will enable the site to maximize profitability (Vander, 2008). It is important for the company to rebrand to tap on the unexploited potential of the market. For instance, the organization should ensure that Facebook’s “time-line” meets the needs of users without compromising their privacy. This is critical for the success of the company. Additionally, facebook should introduce fees to people who intend to use the social networking site in streaming videos online.

The administrators of facebook should capitalize on technological innovations such as streaming music online. This can be a source of revenue for the site. The administrators should introduce features that will allow customers to customize their sites on facebook (Carter

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Gene Discovery: Ischaemic Stroke and Genetic Variations Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Aim

Methodology

Disease and significance as a public health issue

References

Ability to link a medical condition to a specific gene allows for mitigation of treatment measures targeting that gene. Successful mapping brings raises chances of eliminating a condition or paves way for development of treatment. Researchers have become more eager in identifying underlying factors for chronic illnesses and diseases.

For some conditions, treatment focuses on alleviation of pain or prolonging life. Conditions such as stoke kill about six million people annually. In developed countries, stroke is the second top cause of demise. This necessitates research approaches to find ways of reducing mortality. Treatments for many conditions are developed when a link through their genetic sequence is established (Mutation, 2012).

Aim A team of researchers from various institutes carried out a study whose aim was to identify genetic variations common in people suffering from Ischaemic stroke. The scientists from the University of Oxford and other United Kingdom based research institutes sought to isolate a genetic variant to link to the disease to pave the way for development of suitable treatment (Mutation, 2012).

Methodology The researchers selected a sample consisting of 3,548 patients of Ischaemic stroke, and a healthy group of 5,972 to act as a control sample. DNA samples were extracted from both groups and compared to identify genetic variants common to the stroke victims.

DNA samples from the participants were extracted using a standard technique. Total cellular RNA was extracted from the samples, quantified and cDNA synthesis performed using High Capacity Kit developed by Applied Biosystems. ABI 7500 PCR system was used to measure the level of HDAC 9 and amplified using Taqman probe Hs00402870_A1 for all isoforms, and using Hs00206843_A1 for 1, 4 and 5 isoforms. Control samples were run simultaneously in order to verify the efficacy of amplification.

Human GUSB gene was used to normalize the level of HDAC gene. Relative expression of HDAC and GUSB genes was calculated using the 2-∆∆CT method. Duplicate PCR was conducted and results accepted for samples with a standard deviation below 0.5 (Tollefsbol, 2010).

The scientists observed genetic variants on three separate localities, which other researchers in the past had associated with varying grades of Ischaemic stroke. The variations occurred at PITX2, short arm of chromosome nine and on ZFHX3 genes. The researchers also observed a unique genetic variant on HDAC 9 gene.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The variant, which occurred at a new position on the gene, is suspected to cause large vessel stroke. The variant is abundant among patients in the United Kingdom, occurring in about 10% of stroke cases. Through calculations, researchers concluded that each variant increased the chances of having a large vessel stroke by 42% (Tollefsbol, 2010).

During the study, the researchers assumed that genetic variations common among stroke patients potentially made them susceptible to stroke. Use of a control group comprised of healthy individuals provided a basis for comparing gene patterns during the study (Mutation, 2012).

The study, however, could not conclude whether HDAC 9 was responsible for stroke. However, the gene was shown to contribute to the condition almost doubling the chances of occurrence. Such a study can only point out to the possibility of such variants promoting the disease or unmask other related components that have the same effect (Mutation, 2012).

Disease and significance as a public health issue Stroke ranks amongst the top three causes of death to the elderly population. If not death, it causes paralysis or chronic disability. In particular, Ischaemic stroke occurs when a major artery is blocked reducing oxygen supply to the brain. Narrowed blood vessels impede supply of oxygen to the brain, rapidly destroying large portions of the brain, resulting in paralysis or death. Ischaemic stroke occurs as a result of blockage on carotid or large cerebral arteries (Mutation, 2012).

Though genetics of a person may predispose towards stroke, habits such as smoking, environment and other lifestyle factors increase the chances of suffering the condition. Stroke is, therefore, not limited to people whose genes point out to predisposing (Mutation, 2012).

Stroke raises public health concern due to several reasons. Firstly, it causes paralysis. The state renders a person inactive and, therefore, unable to participate in economic and social activities. In addition, it increases the level of dependency. Paralyzed people have to depend on others, usually immediate family, since they have to be fed for or moved around.

This, therefore, means additional burden to family members. Secondly, care given to stroke victims is expensive. Equipment for supporting stroke victims are expensive and maybe unaffordable to some households. In an effort to cope up, the family subjects itself to financial constraints that may affect the overall wellbeing of the rest of the family.

We will write a custom Essay on Gene Discovery: Ischaemic Stroke and Genetic Variations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Similarly, inability to provide care may cause psychological trauma amongst family members. Thirdly, Stroke may cause death. Though this mostly occurs to the elderly population, it robs families of societal icons. Deceased people go through bereavement, which causes mental disturbance. The disease, therefore, is of public health concern as it lowers the quality of life to either the affected person, or immediate family.

References Mutation linked to 42% rise in stroke risk. (2012). Retrieved from https://www.nhs.uk/news/genetics-and-stem-cells/mutation-linked-to-42-rise-in-stroke-risk/

Tollefsbol, T. O. (2010). Handbook of epigenetics: The new molecular and medical genetics. London: Academic.

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The Clifford And James Philosophies On Beliefs Analytical Essay college application essay help

Introduction The Clifford and James philosophies on beliefs have various elements attached to their assertions. The most notable aspect of the ideology is the fact that beliefs exist when there is evidence. The theory emphasizes on the need for justification to support every belief. Numerous words have been used to describe the assertions. The most notable aspect is evidentialism. According to Clifford, a belief that is without evidence is immoral. In addition, Clifford indicated that when a belief lacks evidence it becomes irrational.

Clifford’s and William’s Arguments There are different arguments that dispute and contradict Clifford’s theory. William James contends that a belief should not be based on evidence alone. James has acknowledged the criticism leveled against Clifford. However, the theories from the two individuals are closely related.

For James, the aspect of believing in truth is a fact of his theory. In assessing the theory of Clifford, it is clear that Clifford has his theory based on the fear of error. I strongly believe that the theory, which is based on having sufficient evidence to support a belief, is not practical.

Thus, there are situations in which the belief does not require evidence. The Clifford theory seems to have generalized the belief. According to Clifford, beliefs dictate the individual’s behaviors in day-to-day activities. The beliefs of individuals are intertwined with the individual’s actions. From this notion, it is obvious that human beings may not do things depending on their beliefs. In some circumstances, room for doubt dictates that individuals should choose their actions depending on their doubts.

In situations whereby the belief conflicts with a doubt, doubt takes precedence over belief. According to Clifford, a single belief is linked to numerous beliefs. I think that the notion is overstretched and cannot be confirmed. In this case, significance of evidence in supporting a belief is required every time.

There are beliefs that have stood independently. The theory that a belief can be attached to those people who follow it is untrue. People can be living together or socially interacting but have different beliefs. The belief of a person may not affect the character of other people. I maintain that the argument asserting that a belief is held by a person in trust for the public is highly questionable because the public does not have beliefs. There are numerous misconceptions about beliefs as stated by Clifford.

On the other hand, in his literature to support the will to believe, William James noted that living is an option whereby one chooses, and the belief is guided by the option that one takes. He also maintained that there are situations that do not require choice, and a person is forced to make the choices.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I agree with William James’ concept regarding belief. However, there are claims that the person in question has extraordinary positive way of handling life rather than being forced to make decisions. The components he uses to support his ideology can be put together to come up with a clear position.

Conclusion The notion on the belief by Clifford and James is not based on true evidence. There are types of beliefs that do not require any evidence. The notion that beliefs are interlinked is also not true because there are beliefs that stand independently. Therefore, there is a need to have common beliefs to avoid confusion. Therefore a room should be created to amend beliefs in order to match the prevailing conditions.

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The Political Economy of Housing, and Community Development Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Housing and Community Development

Critical Theory

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction The concepts of housing and community development deal with the various processes and activities affecting the development of land (Adorno 2005, 41). Shelter is a physiological human need, making the issue of housing a matter of concern to many fields in the society today.

Such fields, which are concerned with the issues of housing and shelter, include, among others, politics and the economy. Community development is related to housing. It involves efforts to improve the various aspects of the environment within which communities exist. It aims at helping members of the community by offering them skills needed to change their localities. Such skills are achieved as a result of the people’s desire to improve their living conditions.

In this paper, I am going to explore various aspects of the housing industry in the United States of America. In addition, I will address the contribution made by the United States of America government to the Federal Housing Administration. The latter is charged with the responsibility of financing single- families wishing to own homes in various parts of the country. I will analyze how this initiative has helped in promoting social equality in the United States of America (Burawoy 2009, 4).

Moreover, I addressed the issue of housing policies and their effects on the lives of people in the United States of America in the paper. Other issues I focused on include the role of housing in community development the role played by housing agencies in a capitalist economy. I fully understand that ours is a capitalist economy, and that is one of the reasons why I sought to analyze how the two concepts of housing and community development interact with the economy.

Housing and Community Development As I explained earlier, the two concepts refer to the various processes that influence land development. The processes are characterized by the activities of members of the society as they strive to improve their living conditions (Creswell 2009, 64).

I believe that housing and community development initiatives should enhance the quality of sustainable shelters in the society. In addition, such initiatives should enhance equality in the society. The success of the initiatives is determined by how well they achieve the outlined objectives. The housing and community development trend has gained momentum over the years, especially in urban settings.

I regard David Harvey as one of the most popular social theorists in the world. He has made attempts to explore political and economic factors surrounding the issue of housing. One of his greatest contributions to this end is in the field of urban political economy. While addressing the issue of urban political economy, David Harvey is particularly vocal on the issue of neoliberalism (Fernand 1995, 93).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He views a neoliberalized political economy as an oppressive capitalist system that benefits a few individuals at the expense of the majority. The oppression brings about the issue of inequality, which is associated with the emergence of socio-economic classes in the society. I agree with Harvey given that these concepts have a bearing on housing in the society. For example, individuals within the same socio-economic class are likely to seek housing within the same neighborhood as a result of homogenous financial status.

The Federal Housing Administration is the body charged with the responsibility of providing safe, small, self-contained, and low-cost housing facilities to Americans in suburban settings (Althusser

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Business Memo of the Credit Scores Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Credit Scores

The Importance of Credit Scores

Measures for Raising the Credit Scores

Works Cited

Introduction Most banks have very explicit credit score policies. Presently, most employees including interns, struggle with high financial debts. This situation affects their likelihood of acquiring employment within most institutions (Mays 11). There is a clear indication that certain category of employees that lacks adequate knowledge about the concept of credit scores.

Employees within the human resources department have critical responsibilities. Some of these include creating a comprehensive awareness on issues about credit scores. This business memo targets the student interns within a local bank. The memo contains general information about the credit scores. Apart from this, it also explains the importance of credit scores. Lastly, it outlines the various measures required to increase the points for the credit scores.

Credit Scores A special number is normally attached to an individual’s credit score. The number is generated from an algorithm system. The data obtained from a person’s credit report is very critical. It is applicable in the mathematical computation of the credit score. There are several considerations in the development and setting of the credit score.

For instance, it has an important ability to predict risks. The risk approximation period usually extends to about two years (Weston 20). The system is designed to help in the prediction of an individual’s likelihood to become severely delinquent. Principally, the system is applied in the scrutiny of a person’s credit obligations within a specified time interval. Several models are applicable in the credit-scoring process. However, competitive models such as the “FICO credit score” model are widely applicable.

The system dominates the domestic and global environments. The US is one of the leading nations in which the FICO scoring model is in current use. All employees must be aware of the modes of operation and impacts of the credit score (Fair Isaac Corporation 2012). Most organizations have different policies and operational frameworks regarding the credit score.

According to the “FICO scores,” there are various ranges provided in the system. The ranges vary from three-hundred to 850. Therefore, it is upon the individuals to be aware of the most suitable credit score. Nonetheless, most systems indicate that the higher numbers depict very low risks. Most individuals have three of the FICO scores.

These scores are provided by three different agencies. These include the “Equifax, Experian and TransUnion” (Mays 36). It is important to note that most individuals may only access the scores generated from “Equifax and TransUnion FICO.” This follows the exclusion of the third firm from the credit-scoring scheme by myFICO.com.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The exclusion of Experian occurred in 2009. The creditors apply this concept in the determination of an individual’s level of creditworthiness. On the other hand, there are different institutions and employment agencies that apply the credit scoring method within their recruitment processes (Fair Isaac Corporation 2012).

The system contains all relevant financial information concerning an individual. These might include an individual’s record of paying bills. In addition, the system portrays all the types of accounts managed by persons. Other valuable information available in the system includes the debts, age of the accounts, and the debt clearance system. All this critical information is found within the credit report.

The creditors apply empirical processes in the comparison of basic information. This concerns information pertinent to the credit history of an individual. Statistical programs are used in these initiatives.

The scoring system is critical in the prediction of the capacity of people to submit their debts (Weston 34). Different agencies use the credit system in achieving various goals. Some of these include the insurance companies. The information is applicable in the determination of the possibility of providing certain insurance cover. The pie chart below indicates some elements in the credit score:

(From: myFICO.com)

The Importance of Credit Scores The credit scores have great significance to individuals and institutions. However, these vary within different environments. Specifically, in the US all persons must have the credit score. However, this is only applicable to persons of a particular age. There is a special security number assigned to all persons under this age category (Weston 61).

This number is connected with an individual’s history of credit. The number is very crucial. For example, the relevant agencies seek the security number in the process of assessing the person’s credit worthiness. The name of the person is also important in the process. All these are significant during the identification of the various credit scores.

We will write a custom Essay on Business Memo of the Credit Scores specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most banks use the credit scores in defaulter tracing processes. These initiatives occur within the loan departments. They are also important in security systems. Specifically, these relate to the major economic crimes. It is also a process of monitoring and evaluating the historical financial undertakings of individuals.

The process helps recruitment operations of the company. The credit scores may also be applicable in the validation of a person’s level of integrity. It is also applicable in assessing the financial responsibility of different personalities. The credit score provides crucial information whether certain individuals deserve credit cards (Weston 76). Presently, most employers inquire about the credit score of all their prospective employees.

The trend is observable within jobs that involve handling large sums of money. These might include banks and other institutions dealing in finances. In such cases, the hiring certain employees usually depends on the level of their credit score. Those with high credit scores are more likely to access employment (Mays 91). Property owners have also applied the credit score system to assess the credit worthiness of their potential tenants. This process gauges the competency of various prospective tenants in meeting the monthly costs such as rent.

Measures for Raising the Credit Scores There are diverse strategies for increasing the credit scores. Foremost, it is advisable for individuals to settle down their bills promptly because the delinquent payments may cause a detrimental effect on the average score (Weston 88). The process leads to a consequent rise in the level of credit score.

The balance in the credit cards must also be kept at very low levels. Generally, a high level of debt balances may have negative impacts on the credit score. Individuals must also restrain from opening many unnecessary credit cards. Additionally, there is need for responsible management of all the credit cards. Most people operate without credit cards. This is dangerous for the effective operation of the credit score.

However, an adequate financial management system is necessary (Weston 94). This explains why individuals require proper fiscal training. It is upon the employers to launch effective capacity building initiatives based on the credit system. In general, personal financial responsibility is a key factor. It helps in the development of an efficient credit score.

Works Cited Fair Isaac Corporation. Credit scores. 2012. Web. Web.

Mays, Elizabeth. Handbook of Credit Scoring. S.l: Publishers Group UK, 2005. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Business Memo of the Credit Scores by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Weston, Liz P. Your Credit Score: How to Improve the 3-Digit Number That Shapes Your Financial Future. Upper Saddle River, N.J: FT Press, 2012. Print.

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The Egyptian Revolution Research Paper essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

Before the Revolution

After the Revolution

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction For 30 years, Egypt enjoyed a despicable stability under Hosni Mubarak until February 11, 2011 who, after eighteen days of mass street protests, was forced to step down unconditionally. The revolution that began on January 25th until 11th of February the same year unearthed the political and economic disparity that existed and ensured the continuity of his rule (Abu Hatab 14).

Seemingly, the revolution was a success as far as removing Mubarak from power is concerned. However, few literatures exist on the issues that led to the revolution in the first place. The research paper highlights the economic reasons such as unemployment that led to the fall of the Mubarak regime. Further, it reveals the future challenges that the current authority faces in establishing trust by the people in matters of economy.

Before the Revolution After Anwar Sadat’s assassination, Hosni Mubarak came into power in Egypt with everyone in the country expressing optimism and trust in the new administration. In the first years of his rule, Mubarak expressed tolerance, but this was short-lived, as it culminated to an authoritarian rule. Civil rights were restricted, political rights were thrown out of the window, and there was a unilateral amendment of the party law with the repression of any vocal political opponents.

There were reports that the elections in 1990 and 1995 (Abdelhamid, and el-Baradei 37), as well as those in 2000 were altered to allow the National Democratic Party (NDP), the ruling party at the time, a simple majority in parliament. The party laws only favoured a candidate in the ruling party from running for the presidency. A state of emergency had been in existence since 1981. It prohibited strikes, mass unions, and riots in the name of national security.

Despite these restrictive regulations, Egypt experienced considerable riots and strikes in the years 2004. This was a manifest of the growing social discontent in the country (Beinin 56). The series of labour strikes continued after this period. They had a mass effect on the government, as they seemed more effective in driving a point than the calls by the opposition leaders.

The financial crisis that occurred led to mass labour unrests in the year 2010 particularly in the private sector, which had been profoundly affected. In these protests, a large number of people came out to demand their rights. This surpassed those who had assembled in the previous political protests. This signifies that the problems they had were not political but socio-economic.

When the first regime came to power after independence, it formulated strategies such as agricultural projects to improve yields and infrastructural development, as well as economic sustainability (O’Brien 14). However, successive regimes have lived short of the public expectations with revolts marking the history of the nation since independence.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Professor Kandeel, an economist and development advisor at Georgetown University, states that there was a financial and economic mismanagement of the country by the government with accumulation of the public debts and a struggling economy (1). The international community was lenient on the country with the IMF forgiving the debt owed the government in the late 1990s with the American government doing the same.

After the intervention, Egypt’s economy grew steadily between 1990 and 2009 at an average rate of 4.5% annually. Despite this growth, Kandeel claims that the beneficiaries were the wealthy people and those in power with development being unbalanced and marginal (1). He states that, before the 1990s, the nation was marked by poverty especially in the 83 million residents, and that poverty doubled since 1982.

In 2009, for example, the poverty level stood at 18 million people, which was a fifth of the population, below the poverty line with the middle class also having to struggle because of unemployment. On the other end of the line were the rich regime leaders, their associates, and rich businesspersons who constituted only a small fraction of the population, but with the most say in the government of the day (Kandeel 5).

The social problems did not develop only in the period of Mubarak’s reign, but were also evident in times of Anwar Al-Sadat and the first leader Gamel Abdel Nasser. These parties have a substantial share of blame behind the poor performance of the world’s economy and the rising standards of living. In the period of 1990 and 2009, the rate of unemployment was about 11% throughout the country. This was much higher than the reported. In the late 2010, it stood at 2.3 million people (Kandeel 6).

The returning expatriates from other Arab states, such as Tunisia, experiencing political upheavals also aggravated the riots. Kandeel goes ahead to emphasize that, since these people returning mainly from Libya could not make a living, and there was no economic activity immediately available to them, the unemployment rate was set to raise causing further upheavals in the already polarised nation (7).

In his report, Shmuel, the director of studies at the institute for policy and strategy in Herzliya, Israel, claims that deep economic unease accompanied by social discomfort led to the revolts that spread across the Arabic world including Egypt (1). He goes ahead to explain that the leadership was ailing with the withdrawal of the traditional support that the west has always provided following previous revolutions (Shmuel 8).

In the last decade, leading up to the revolution, the purchasing power of the ordinary Egyptians had been declining. The consumer peak index (CPI) rocketed and peaked in late 2008 hitting 23.6% in August of that year. The driving force included the high food prices observed (Jones et al 12). The wages and salaries of the workers however remained constant with some in the private and public sector declining and retrenchment taking place.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Egyptian Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The rising cost of living meant that the Egyptians were not able to afford the rising cost of food. The inflation led to volatile environments with people expressing discontent at the management of the crisis by the government. The middle class slipped into low class status with those in the least class having to deal with the worst economic times of their time.

It is reported that the prevalence of absolute poverty was at 23.4% in 2008/2009 period, which was an increase from the 16.7% incidence observed in 2001/2001 (World Bank 54). This is a reversal of the gain made in the late 1990s.

The government tried to reduce the burden on the people by continually financing the food subsidy system in place already despite its being expensive. By raising the salaries of civil servants, the measures were not enough to roll back the negative effects. They served to worsen further the inflation rather than improving the purchasing power. The revolt therefore was continually gaining momentum. It only needed an incident to trigger it. This opportunity was provided in the form of the popular Arab revolt.

After the Revolution After the president stepped down, the military (the supreme council of the armed forces) took control of the government and provided transitional rule to this Arab state with Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi taking charge. Tantawi was the defence minister whose role was to rule the country until parliamentary elections were held with the election of Egypt’s newest president.

The aims of the military council to facilitate parliamentary elections did not mention any economic reforms. It mainly consisted of people appointed by the former president. This raises the question of commitment on the part of this authority in the betterment of the living standards of the ordinary people in terms of securing employment.

The indication that the constitution was to be amended with little, if any, public or political involvement is one such factor of credibility for this authority. This is true considering that there was little room for women in the constitutional reform and the rush in which the referendum followed the proposed change thus giving little time for a consultation and public debate.

The council seemed to ignore the public, as it did not honor the protesters’ demands for the release of political prisoners or the end of the long lasting emergency law. Other issues not addressed included the lack of investigations into the murder of protesters and the amnesty demanded.

Despite the change in regime labor unrest continued with the council approving a law on the 24th of March that banned any unrest besides punishing anyone participating in them. This dimmed the gains that had seemingly been made by the revolution. There was also a growing concern on how the money allocated for transition would be used (Cassarino, and Tocci 3).

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Egyptian Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In June 2012, a candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mohammed Morsi won the presidential elections beginning the struggle for power with the ruling military council. Both exhibited a power struggle with the parliament coming in the way. In August the same year, the defence minister who briefly acted as the president was forced into retirement.

This was a positive indicator for the people. The president also chose to visit China first to cement the trade collaboration to the surprise of the West. The Obama administration had previously counselled a debt of one billion dollars owed by the republic of Egypt. The cost of living is still high with an employment rate remaining high. However, people are trying to adjust in the new leadership.

Conclusion In conclusion, the history of the popular Egypt revolt is critical to master in understanding the future for this country. Dissatisfied with existing political, social, and economic injustices in the country, and following the popular Arabic revolt, the Egyptians took to the streets demanding their rights. They inspired to make political and social changes. Their drive included the raised cost of living, the continuing political intolerance, and the feeling of betrayal by the high social class that had governed them for 30 years.

Change was achieved, but this seemed like a mirage since the resulting authority did not seem to make any favourable change. Oppression continued under this new rule with most of the promises made going unfulfilled. After the elections, the Muslim Brotherhood winner, Morsi, is yet to be tested. The economy is yet to recover with signs of rough times ahead.

Works Cited Abdelhamid, Daisy, and Laila el-Baradei. “Reforming the Pay System for Government Employees in Egypt.” ERF Working Paper 151.149(2009): 1-41. Print.

Abdulbaki, Lisbon. “Democracy and the re- consolidation of authoritarian rule in Egypt.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 1.3(2008): 445-463. Print.

Abu Hatab, Assem “Egypt within the Framework of the Global Financial Crisis: Impact, Response and Way Forward.” IJMES 2.1(2009): 8-25. Print.

Beinin, Joel. Neo-liberal Structural Adjustment, Political Demobilization, and Neoauthoritarianism in Egypt, The Arab State and Neo-Liberal Globalization, The Restructuring of State Power in the Middle East. Ithaca: Ithaca Press, 2009. Print.

Cassarino, John, and Nicole Tocci. Rethinking the EU’s Mediterranean Policies Post-1/11, IAI Working Papers, 1106, 2011. Web.

Jones, Nemron et al. Impact of the Economic Crisis and Food and Fuel Price Volatility on Children and Women in the MENA Region. Working Paper No. 310, ODI and UNICEF, 2009. Web.

Kandeel, Amal. “Egypt at a Crossroads.” Middle East Policy 18.2(2011): 5-7. Print.

O’Brien, Perez. “An Economic Appraisal of the Egyptian Revolution.” The Journal of Development Studies 1.1(2002):14-46. Print.

Shmuel, Bar. “America’s Fading Middle East Influence.” Policy Review 1.1(2011): 23-56. Print.

World Bank. Arab Republic of Egypt Poverty Assessment Update, 2009. Web.

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Cornell note taking system Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

The Cornell note taking system is a model of taking notes that was developed at the Cornell University by Walter Pauk. Pauk was an education professor at the university.

This model of taking notes was developed in the year 1954. The model was meant to aid students in the University by simplifying the study process. Pauk published this model of study in his famous book titled, “How to Study in College”. The Cornell note taking model of study seeks to ease studying by setting specifications to guide students in taking notes while studying (Sylvia, 27).

How the Cornell note taking system works This model of learning gives a systematized way in which students can summarize and organize notes. An explanation is given on how the paper used in note taking by students ought to be structured to get maximum utility from study sessions. This is a major distinguishing factor between this model of study and other models. According to this model, the study or note taking paper can be structured as indicated below.

Source: “The Cornell System for Note-Taking”, p. 1

The three parts labeled in the diagram above are critical while studying. The note taking area is used in recording lectures. This has to be done using telegraphic sentences. After a class or learning session, students should formulate questions basing on the notes recorded in the note taking column.

Questions are important because they aid in making clarification to students concerning the meaning and relations of meanings in the notes. Questions also aid in broadening and strengthening memory of students. During the study for exams, these questions simplify revision work. The cue column is critical in recitation of the notes. During recitation, students are required to cover the note taking area fully. Students are required to recite the answers to the questions by looking at the questions in the question column.

This has to be said loudly depending on the level of understanding of the student. This leads to the reflection of the learning material, which is another important step in learning. This is achieved through a re-look at the facts that are raised through answers to the questions found in the study text (Sylvia, 27).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Questions asked during reflection include those on the relevance of the facts in the notes, principles informing the facts, the applicability of the facts, and their relationship with what the learner already knows. The question about what goes beyond the facts is of great relevance in reflection because they are brought out during learning.

Students are also required to keep reviewing previous notes. This has to be done for at least ten minutes each week. This keeps the facts in the notes fresh in the mind of students. The summary section is used at the end of the learning session. The notes on each page are summed in this section (Sylvia, 27).

This model of learning has been found to be very effective in different learning sessions. It is best suited in learning session that deal with broad theoretical concepts with numerous notes and information. Thus, it best suits my economics classes. The system is very effective because it focuses on the critical steps in learning like recording, recitation, reflection, and reviewing. However, the system is very comprehensive and can hardly be followed by students. It is quite tiring for anybody who chooses to follow it fully.

Works Cited Sylvia, Behrmann. Practical Study Methods. New York: Gardners Books, 2007. Print.

The Cornell System for Note-Taking. 2010. Web. Web.

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Duty to Accommodate Expository Essay custom essay help

Introduction The Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission created a code designed to protect employees from discrimination at the workplace. According to this legislation, employers have a duty to accommodate, where accommodation refers to reassignment of a worker or modification of his or her duties. The duty to accommodate as well as the return to work policy affects all categories of employees defined as protected; these include persons with disabilities, people with divergent religions, ancestry and family obligations.

Details of the legislative requirements The Saskatchewan Labour Standards Act, section 44 states that employers have a duty to accommodate workers in order to eliminate discrimination unless undue financial, safety, health and hardship costs will stem from the accommodation (Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission, 2012).

In order to show that a company has followed these regulations, it needs to document the process of considering the accommodation request as well as the actions taken. In this legislation, accommodation should not revolve around employee preferences; instead, it should be done in order to eliminate unreasonable barriers at work.

When considering accommodation, an employer needs to keep in mind certain triggers that could necessitate it. If an employee experiences something that changes his or her ability to carry out his duties, then the duty applies.

For instance, the person may be a new mother or may have changed religions and these alterations may affect the person’s ability to work conventionally. Alternatively, a company may introduce new workplace policies that affect the person’s ability to get work done at certain times.

The Saskatchewan Code requires managers to accommodate if the return to work policy has led to discrimination against employees from any of the prohibited groups. In other scenarios, it could be that the individual has developed a medical condition that requires changes in the way the person works. Management should consider such possibilities prior to accommodation.

Employers may also consider performance issues before accommodating. This means that they do not have to wait for requests from employees to do the same. For instance, they may get feedback from other workers that a colleague is having difficulties with work. If an employee’s performance levels drop or the person behaves erratically, then an employer has the obligation to accommodate him or her.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Managers ought to approach such individuals about the need for accommodation. If the person refuses to pursue the matter, then a business person must document all the steps he or she took into order to abide by the Saskatchewan Labour Act. Therefore, management has the responsibility for identifying barriers and looking for options to eliminate them. Additionally, management should respect the right to privacy or confidentiality.

It is not necessary for management to know all about all the details of an employee’s medical problem. All that counts is information about how one’s health condition will affect work. Furthermore, information such as employees’ family situations should not be disclosed.

In essence, an accommodation request may not necessarily be written down, but it can be communicated to management clearly. Additionally, managers must familiarise themselves with the needs of employees if accommodation is necessary. Thereafter, management should organise resources and plan for ways in which accommodation can be facilitated.

During this process, management will need to buy adaptive equipment or make other adjustments. It is imperative to have a plan if the accommodation will be long term. In such a scenario, parties involved should communicate frequently. Further, management should stay updated on the health status of the employee involved.

Employees must play their part in this arrangement. They are expected to formally request for accommodation when something happens to affect their work, or if they become a member of one of the protected groups. They are also expected to work hand in hand with their employers and realise that they may not always get what they demand.

Cooperation may be in development of a work plan or in proposing possible solutions for accommodation. Additionally, workers’ unions are obligated to cooperate with employers in the process of accommodation.

Employers are must make all the arrangements necessary in order to facilitate a return to work plan. If a worker is to be reasonably accommodated prior to his or her return to work, then an employer can offer him the same job with certain modifications, such as the schedule or duties involved. Alternatively, return to work can come about by offering an employee a different job. Finally, this policy can occur by giving the worker a different job in a modified form (Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada, 2011).

We will write a custom Essay on Duty to Accommodate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This legislation has its limits regardless of all the things a manager can do. Employees who have been continuously absent from work, and are unlikely to return are not covered in the Code. In this regard, an employer should apply a reasonableness test. The legislation does not apply when management must experience undue hardship in order to accommodate.

If accommodation will result in considerable financial costs, then an employer may forfeit this duty. Additionally, if appreciable interruptions to business will occur, then the duty becomes non obligatory. Furthermore, an employer should not accommodate one worker at the expense of infringing on other employees’ rights.

If the accommodation will undermine the safety of the concerned worker or others, then it should not be implemented. In the event that an employee claims discrimination due to the failure to accommodate, companies can be exempted if they use the bona fide occupational requirement argument. Certain professions require employees to possess particular health conditions before they can be fit enough to engage in it.

For instance, drivers with a poor vision cannot perform well. Therefore, if an employer can prove that the employee lacked the bona fide occupational requirement, then the court will excuse him or her from discrimination. For this defence to apply, a manager must show that the standard (rule) was related to the concerned function, that it was done in good faith, and that lack of the standard would cause undue hardship (MacDonald, 2009).

Impact of the legislation on accommodation and on return to work

Since the Code recognises ill or injured employees as one of the categories that are entitled to these modifications, employers have had to do as much as they can to accommodate workers. They have given employees leave of absence when illnesses or accidents occur, regardless of where the accidents took place.

Additionally, when an employee recovers from an illness, an employer must leave room for a gradual return. This has changed the way things get done at the workplace because now companies must take time to allow a transition back to work. They must also dedicate resources for this process.

If an employee has not fully recovered, his manager ought to change work shifts or rearrange job duties for the same to occur. Therefore, this legislation has affected the workplace by encouraging greater flexibility during company time. In certain scenarios, a person may have a permanent physical disability because of their illness. Therefore, a place of work needs to change work conditions so as to integrate injured workers. These requirements have altered what managers need to do in order to stay ahead.

Pregnant workers or individuals with family obligations are also entitled to some alterations in work. Employers have brought together work bundles that are in line with the employee’s needs. Sometimes, it may be necessary to transfer the employee to a new position or alter conditions of work. For example, a pregnant worker should not do a lot of manual work or heavy lifting; an employer may have to give her a seat even when similar workers do their job while standing.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Duty to Accommodate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, management needs to lighten their duties at this time. When delivery time approaches they should get maternal leave; fathers should also get paternal leave. If someone has children, he or she must be granted days off to meet those obligations. A child could be graduating, sick or changing schools.

Persons with divergent religious backgrounds are also included in the legislation. Companies can give allowances for special festivities or rituals. For instance, a devout Muslim may need time off from work to do his daily prayers. Alternatively, the person could have a religious holiday that he needs to celebrate.

Employers ought to make these considerations before making deadlines or assigning work. Numerous possibilities exist for alternation of work policies, duties, and arrangements. Managers ought to make these decisions in order to ensure that all employees are fully accommodated.

When people with a genuine need for accommodation are denied this opportunity, then a unionised worker has the right to file a grievance to the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission through a collective agreement. Employees without unions may still file grievance through the Saskatchewan Labour Standards Act.

This means that organisations can face huge financial losses if fines are imposed. Alternatively, their company image would be tarnished and this could ruin business. If companies want no business interruptions, then they should meet these obligations.

Accommodation and return to work as related to an organisation’s Integrated Disability Management Program

The Saskatchewan Labour Standard Act on the duty accommodate places upon managers a responsibility to have an effective disability management program in which they offer supportive workplace policies. They should also encourage the worker, his or her union, and healthcare professionals to cooperate with management.

A conducive disability management program should consist of an element of evaluation. Managers must be educated about their duties and responsibilities in the disability management program (Brooker et al., 2000).

The first step in the creation of an integrated disability management program that complies with the return to work law is development of an accommodation and return to work policy. Employers need to cover all the issues that affect an injured or protected worker in a return to work policy.

Some of the elements of the policy may include budgetary issues, salary replacement, transitional employment as well as accommodation. These policies will assist in getting commitment from top management as well as involvement from employees who need accommodation.

A proper disability management program needs to have an offer of modified work. Here, a company should reduce work hours, alter a worker’s original job, transfer the worker, or minimise work load if an employee is injured. Permanent job modifications are sometimes imperative for an employee to return to work fully.

This measure will reduce recurrent absenteeism from employees and will also minimise the need for high amounts of benefits. It should be noted that a company has the obligation to alter both physical and psychosocial factors in their disability management program. The latter refers to aspects such a workplace intensity or control at work while physical factors include seating positions or forceful movements.

Supervisors and management who are responsible for implementation of the system ought to be educated on the program. Training should involve telling managers and supervisors about the disability or condition. This will empower them to handle the condition or disability more effectively and assist in gaining empathy from them.

Lastly, the disability management program should have an evaluation phase. Here, the effectiveness of the program should be assessed on the basis of its outcomes. One parameter would be the number of workers who returned to work. Cases of workers whose conditions worsened or improved after returning to work should be noted. Even aspects such as severity of pain can also be measured.

Conclusion Companies must make reasonable adjustments for employees from protected groups, injured, or ill workers. This ensures that employees are not discriminated against and that companies do not place health risks on workers. Employers have the duty to accommodate by making psychosocial and physical changes to work.

This can be done by personal observation or by requests from employees. Workers and unions must also cooperate with employees in order to make it work. A supporting workplace environment ensures that employees stay employed or they can return to work and engage in productive work.

References Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada (2011). Rehabilitation and return to work. Web.

Brooker, A., Sinclair, S., Clarke, J., Pennick, V.

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Effects of Technology Cause and Effect Essay best college essay help

At present, people do not even try to prove that technology has changed their lives significantly as this is obvious. It is possible to think of a variety of effects of technology. These effects can be divided into two major groups: positive and negative changes in people’s lives and in the life of the planet. It is possible to single out major positive and negative effects which can help define one major effect in the long run.

In the first place, it is possible to focus on positive effects of technology. Undoubtedly, technological advances have enabled people to improve people’s quality of life.

Now machines complete a lot of hard work and people can focus on other tasks (e.g. further development of technology, development of humanity). People have also managed to develop numerous tools to overcome diseases. Medical advances have contributed to the increase of people’s lifespan. Apart from this, development of technology led to various advances in the agricultural sector.

Now people can grow more food to feed more people. Availability of food also adds to the increase of people’s lifespan. Finally, development of technology has made the world shrink. Now people can ignore lots of boundaries. Thus, distances cannot be a problem now as people can interact irrespective of distances. Such availability of human resources contributes to cooperation, which, in its turn, leads to further development.

Nonetheless, all these benefits have quite a high price. One of the major negative effects of technology is the impact it has on the planet. The Industrial Revolution and further technological development have led to a variety of environmental issues. Now people face such problems as air and water pollution, shortage of resources (water, farming land, fossil fuels, etc.). Notably, people’s activity also contributes to global climate change.

All these environmental issues have impact on people’s health. It is necessary to note that lots of serious diseases appear and people have to work out more sophisticated tools to overcome these diseases. Furthermore, globalization, which can be regarded as one of the products of technological development, often leads to a rapid spread of viruses and pandemics can become frequent. Finally, people try to solve these problems with the help of technology, which leads to even more serious issues.

However, it is necessary to mention another effect technology has. Thus, people heavily rely on technology these days. People are alienated from the nature. Decades ago, people could create lots of things, but now machines do it, and people are becoming more and more helpless.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This trend can be traced in different spheres of people’s life (science, medicine, education and even everyday life). Contemporary children rarely use imagination as they have computers and TV. This can have a variety of negative effects in the long run. For instance, people can be absolutely hopeless in case of certain machines’ failure.

On balance, it is possible to state that technology has a number of positive and negative effects. On one hand, it improves people’s quality of life. On the other hand, it leads to numerous issues associated with a variety of hazards. However, it is possible to note that these effects are somewhat secondary compared to the existing trend. Now people start relying on machines, which can lead to different changes. For instance, people can lose any connection with nature, which will be disastrous for the future of humanity.

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Current Directions in Life-Span Development Essay essay help: essay help

Modern psychology can offer different explanations of such a process as the life-span development of a person. This paper is aimed at discussing such approaches as behaviorism, psychoanalytic model, and cognitive theory. In particular, it is necessary to show how they describe the psychological development of an individual. Moreover, one of the tasks is to examine current applications of these theories. On the whole, these models are still important for understanding the current trends in developmental psychology.

The first approach that is going to be discussed is behaviorism that was advocated by John Watson, Burrhus Skinner, and other scholars. It is based on the premise that the development of a person is a response to external stimuli.

The supporters of this model do not distinguish specific stages of the life-span, because people are continuously influenced by external factors, and it is difficult to predict their impact. A certain type of conduct can be adopted provided that it is rewarded or when it yields good results; yet, the same type of conduct can be rejected when it results in negative consequences such as punishment.

This theory still attracts the attention of psychologists; for instance, in their article, Joseph Burke et al (2009) discuss social context as one of external stimuli that shapes the behavior of a person. In particular, they discuss legal, historical, and political structures that influence the beliefs and attitudes of an individual (Burke et al, 2009, p. 56).

These authors speak about people’s attitude toward their health (Burke et al, 2009, p. 56). It should be noted that many organizations adopt the principles of behaviorism in order to modify the behavior of employees. For instance, such as an organization as Management for All (2012) provides guidelines for motivating workers and promote their professional growth.

Their website explains how behaviorism can assist business administrators (Management for All, 2012, unpaged). Certainly, behavioral theory cannot explain every aspect of life-span development, but it can throw light on the formation of values and principles. Moreover, it is important for understanding for motivation of a person. This is why this model is still of great interest to psychologists.

The second model that should be discussed is psychoanalytic theory that still remains popular among many therapists. Unlike behaviorism, psychoanalysis does not attach much importance to the external factors; instead it focuses on the sexuality of an individual.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the supporters of psychoanalysis single out the distinct stages of the life-span, namely oral, anal and phallic or genital stage (Löffler-Stastka

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Egypt’s Economic Structure Essay best college essay help

Abstract This memo explores the economic structure of Egypt and its composition. It also highlights the major economic sectors and their contribution to the Gross Domestic Product. Over and above, the memo gives figures of the macro-economic indicators in the recent years. Finally, the memo touches on the composition of Egypt’s imports and its trading volumes with the United States.

Egypt is a Muslim country found in the Horn of Africa. It is largely a semi-arid country though it is endowed with some very precious natural resources including oil and gold. Over the past few years, Egypt has been enjoying relatively stable economy with economic growth rate ranging between 4% and 5%.

Despite the recent political upheavals, Egypt’s economic structure remained relatively unshaken. Due to the strong manufacturing and service sector coupled with good government policies, Egypt’s economy is among the best performing in Africa and the Middle East. Egypt is a mixed economy with both the private and public sectors playing significant roles in the development of the economy.

Initially, agriculture constituted the largest sector in the economy of Egypt. Almost 90% of the country’s labor force was working in the agricultural sector until late 1960s.

However, in the 1970s the significance of agricultural sector in the economy of Egypt decreased drastically despite efforts that were directed at reviving the sector. In the year 2010 agricultural sector contributed a mere 13.1% to the Gross domestic product (GDP) compared to 87% in the 1960s (Sriramesh

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Short Analysis of Chevely, or Man of Honor Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The Analysis

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The paper is an analysis of the symbolism of Rosina Lytton’s work which shows the gender disparities that existed in the Victorian Era exploring the theme of women and specifically wives whose husbands are public figures, and the pain such women had to undergo.

The Analysis In the opening scene Mowbray beats his wife Julia. However, to conceal the acts of domestic violence her husband makes everyone believe that she has slipped on the floor and that it was an accident. Although the doctor has reservation about the accident, Julia concurs with her husband lies to the doctor about her cause of injury (Lytton 2). One of the symbols used in this book is a mask. At the beginning of the book, Julia has a mask which she wore.

The mask represents the fact that the reality can be concealed so that it will not be seen as it is supposed to be. There are instances where Julia pretended that her marriage was happy even though it was not the case. For instance, when she learnt that her husband was having relationship with other women she pretended that it was not true (Lytton 10). In addition, she masks herself when she has been mistreated and physically injured by concealing that everything happened was an accident though it was not.

Mowbray pretends that she loves Julia although it is not the case as his actions tell otherwise. He is aware that his marriage has problems but wants his way to stay with him and pretends that it is working so that he can gain political favors as a morally upright and family person (Lytton 18).

The author’s symbolic use of mask at the beginning is seen later where the other author shows instances of what the wife is expected to do. The book details how Julia is forced to pretend that everything is well in her family even when she is mistreated. When her husband has other mistresses she is insulted verbally and physically (Lytton 7).

The theme of this book is about women as well as how they were expected to play a secondary role to their husbands no matter their attitude towards their wives. They were expected to remain in their marriages with god-like patience even though it was hurting (Lytton 22). Men unlike women did not follow the same code of behavior and expectations by the society. Mowbray accuses her wife of ill temper as well as separation when his wife violently responds to him after finding him with a mistress (Lytton 27).

Men expect their wives to be patient and silent when they mistreat them yet they tell everyone when they feel that their wives have wronged them as Mowbray did to Julia. Julia goes to the extent of giving her husband money to fund his extravagant lifestyle thinking that it would make him love her more but it results into more problems (Lytton 30).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion The book has used irony as a key feature. The character presented in this book deserves an honor. The author has used the title as a symbolism to show that what people see may not always be real. She exposes the life of wives of public figures along with the pain they have to experience as well as betrayal they undergo in order for them to remain married. Rosina’s book serves as a good study of gender disparities that existed in the Victorian Era and provokes one’s mind to think whether there are places where such gender disparities exist.

Works Cited Lytton, Rosina. Chevely, or Man of Honor. London: Swan Sonnenschein Press, 1839. Print.

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The Concept of String Theory Essay online essay help: online essay help

String theory is a concept developed by physicists trying to explain the fundamental nature of matter and space. The concept has various interpretations, but has the ability to explain the phenomenon of existence. Since the most fundamental particles do not exhibit the properties of matter that bigger objects have, some scientists consider them non-dimensional (Van Proeyen 12).

This means they do not have width, length or depth. General relativity holds that all matter and space exists in four dimensions. Depth, width, and length of all matter and space exist through time (Kane 46). This means that time is the fourth dimension.

Distortion of time results in distortion of the other three dimensions, which are the dimensions of space. This is quite different from Newtonian physics, which does not consider time a dimension.

However, practical science is based on Newtonian physics. Although the theories of relativity are not applicable in practical science to a satisfactory extent, they are accepted as the true explanations of the phenomenon of existence (Zwiebach 16). The effort to understand the seemingly dimensionless nature of fundamental particles and the four dimensional nature of matter and space in one theory has led to development of string theory.

According to string theory, there are other more fundamental dimensions contained in the four dimensions of physical existence that are normally experienced. The additional dimensions add to the four known dimensions to make eleven-dimensional world (Van Proeyen 41). Compression of these dimensions into the fabric of universal existence makes them undetectable by any physical means. However, several mathematical models have been used to prove their existence and the nature of their interaction.

The string theory explains the manner in which the one-dimensional basic particles interact to result into a four dimensional existence. Matter, space, and time are a yield of this interaction. Fundamental particles are made up of one-dimensional strings, which interact with unidirectional membranes to create a particle (Zwiebach 18). Gravitational force, a phenomenon that has not yet been understood by scientists is explained as a product of string interaction. Scientists have already developed a mathematical form for gravity.

The wave nature of matter is a part of the theory explaining how the fundamental particles exist. One certain kind of wave motion is responsible for all behaviors of matter and space. The string theory is the only theory that offers a single explanation to the nature of matter and space. However, since the theory proposes the existence of dimensions that cannot be physically assessed, it is not possible to test its integrity.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Other challenging theories have endured criticism to emerge as possible alternatives to the string theory since they can be tested, and have an observable fundamental constant. Advocates of the string theory believe that a universal constant exists within the string theory, but a mathematical proof has not been developed yet (Zwiebach 22). This constant and a testing mechanism for the string theory are the only remaining constituents that can establish the theory as a proven fact.

The nine-dimensional vibration of each string is unique and yields the properties of fundamental particles. The ends of a single cosmic string are joined such that an indefinite loop is formed. Forces of interaction attract the string towards the centre of the loop (Van Proeyen 45). This action is responsible for the appearance of fundamental particles as singular points with no dimensions at all.

The dimensions of the physical world are fixed in certain directions according to Newtonian physics. In string theory, dimensions are mathematical representations with no directional properties of the three spatial dimensions. Moreover, these dimensions are compressed into a manifold such that they are not testable by any physical means (Zwiebach 30). This is attributed to the infinitesimal distances that represent the particular dimensions.

Since mathematics is largely based on spatial dimensions, there is no method to test the presence of cosmic strings within the current mathematical scope. Several propositions assume that the invisible dimensions are responsible for the unexplained forces that are observed in nature.

Electromagnetic wave is assumed to be made up of a certain combinations of the dimensions. Gravity, a force whose presence is established by empirical evidence only, is also considered a product of the additional dimensions (Van Proeyen 15). This is why gravitational force and its characteristics such as inertia do not seem to emanate from any one physical location.

The string theory presents a single explanation for existence of all matter and space. Through the string theory, it is possible to understand the relation between space and time. The relative relationship that makes time similar to space can be understood through string theory. The small dimensions of the strings make it impossible to investigate the pattern in which they are woven together (Van Proeyen 7).

If a definite pattern in which the strings are woven is identified, it is possible to understand the construction of forces and the difference between various forces. However, the ability to understand the fundamental constituents of time and force can discredit all conventional physics, as it is understood today (Zwiebach 74). Such knowledge could also result in breakdown of phenomena such as the construction of time towards the future.

We will write a custom Essay on The Concept of String Theory specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Kane, G. L.. Perspectives on supersymmetry II. Singapore: World Scientific, 2010. Print.

Van Proeyen, Antoine. “A First Course in String Theory.” Intensive Theoretical Studies 5.3 (2008): 5-60. Print.

Zwiebach, Barton. A first course in string theory. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Print.

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Comparison of Life at Home and Away Essay a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Life at home and life away

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Staying at home with one’s family is an easier and more preferable choice to make than going anywhere, but people may not realise that living without family support may help them develop a stronger character. It is evident that the last option is tougher but better for one’s personal growth.

Life at home and life away Living far from home may be inconvenient and troubling owing to the numerous adjustments one should make. If a person lives in a facility, such as a hostel, that hosts a range of residents, he or she may have to share the kitchen or pool with several other people. Sometimes, it may not be possible to do exactly what a person wants because one must accommodate to the needs of many other individuals (Flynn 56).

On the other hand, if an individual lives at home, one may not have to make many adjustments because there are few individuals to consider. Furthermore, as people live with the same family members throughout their life, they adjust to their habits and particular way of life

When one lives away from home, one must become highly organised. This is necessary in order to manage one’s obligations. Relocating away from home requires one to create a new routine that will facilitate one’s transition. A person may have to sort out his or her things a day before a big event in order to avoid confusion at some particular moment. Conversely, an individual may not be highly organised at home and still get away with it. The person has the advantage of having family around; consequently, a mother or sister may help in organising something (Klinenberg 15).

Living away from home requires one to become diligent. A person living alone will need to perform all the house duties alone, cleaning, cooking, and shopping. As a result, there is no room for laziness. In contrast, a person living with family may not have as many household chores or personal responsibilities as the person who is living alone. This is because most of the duties are assigned to different family members. In fact, one can get away with laziness in the family setting because others will clean or cook on their behalf (Flynn 67).

Perhaps, one of the most attractive components of living away from home is that it teaches a person to become independent. An individual must take charge of his or her living expenses and income (Klinenberg 92). Furthermore, a person must plan for his or her healthcare services as well as his or her diet.

An individual living alone needs to take care of his social activities, and his life, because there is no one else to do it for him/her. On the other hand, if a person lives at home, one tends to rely on others for certain things. For instance, if the individual lives with his or her parents, then they may be responsible for the provision of all basic needs. Alternatively, if one lives with one’s spouse, then the partner may make the family budget on his or her behalf.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Living away from home may foster tolerance if the current location is far from home. Going to a different country or town may expose a person to the situations where he/she will deal with the people of various religions, morals, social values, political values, political opinions, and cultural backgrounds. This causes the individual to learn how to tolerate other people with different viewpoints. Sometimes, a roommate can challenge a person about a certain issue, and this may cause an individual to think about it in a different light. Living at home with one’s family may not expose one to diverse communities as a person interacts with the same people continuously (Flynn 81).

Staying at home with one’s family gives one a strong sense of identity and belonging. Family members give support when one faces difficulties, thus lessening his/her life challenges. It is difficult to feel lonely at home because a person can spend his time with the other family members. Conversely, it is difficult to cultivate a sense of identity when living away from home, especially when no strong workplace or school culture exists in the new location.

Feelings of isolation or loneliness can creep in, and this may cause emotional distress. When left unchecked, the situation can cause one to engage in unwanted activities. For instance, a person may become a television addict or start an unhealthy habit. Alternatively, one may become depressed.

If a person has a wife and children, then living away from home can sometimes provide one with a sense of freedom. This is especially true when the concerned children are young and troublesome. Some may perceive it as selfish, but living away from home can offer a much-needed break from the stresses of taking care of a family (Klinenberg 101). When a person lives at home with one’s family, one must always take into account the needs of other family members. This may minimise one’s options with regard to time and resources.

Conclusion The analysis above has shown that living away from home may help one become strong, organised, free, diligent, independent, inconvenienced and culturally tolerant. Staying with one’s family gives one a sense of belonging and constant support but limits one’s freedom.

It does not teach one to be independent or how to deal with cultural differences. Further, one may become lazy and ignorant how to live in harmony with other people who are not one’s family members. In essence, living away from home fosters maturity and thus is a better option.

Works Cited Flynn, Elizabeth. Coping with living alone. London: Catholic Truth Society, 2001. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on Comparison of Life at Home and Away specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Klinenberg, Eric. Going solo: The extraordinary rise and surprising appeal of going alone. NY: The Penguin press, 2012. Print.

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Across Time and Space: Solving the Mysteries of the Ancient Cultures Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Nowadays, in the era when the humankind has reached the bar people never thought they will ever be able to, it is hard to believe that thousands of years ago, there were different cultures and a completely different civilization, just as well-developed as ours, only in a different way. One of the most famous and the least explored, the Sumerian civilization is worth taking a closer look at.

The first issue to discuss, the Uruk vase is closely connected to worshipping of Inanna, the Sumerian Goddess. The impressions of animals and grain of the vase speak for themselves, making it clear that the vase was supposed to be used in the ceremonies worshipping fertility.

Cuneiform is the method of writing which was invented before people learned how to produce paper. Carving letters in clay tablets, people managed to keep certain information.

As for the Stele of Naram-Sin, the artifact tells the story of the king who was considered to be nearly divine. An obvious element of the ancient worship, the stele offered an innovation I writing art for the Sumerians, since it is written in a horizontal format instead of the old-time diagonal one.

Standing motionlessly in the calmness of The Square Temple, Votive Statues are supposed to represent the people who used to come of the temple to pray. The exact copies of the then men and women, these statues are a great study of the Sumerian traditions and even fashion.

A peculiar alternative for alphabet, hieroglyphs are specifics signs which are meant to define certain people, objects, notions or phenomena. They are used to write down information. For instance, Japanese and Chinese people use hieroglyphs instead of letters.

Considered to be the symbol of Egypt unification, the Palettes of King Narmer have the impression of the pharaoh with the crown of Upper Egypt on the one side and him wearing the crown of Lower Egypt on the reverse. The two impressions are supposed to symbolize that Egypt became an entity.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The elements that most people associate with such cultures as the Egyptian one, mastabas are the burial place with rooms in it for the tombs of the diseased.

Another element of the Egyptian culture, serdab is the chamber in a mastaba.

An integral element of a serdab, a serdab sculpture, such as the statue of King Djoser, was supposed to be a kind of homage to the diseased person and to serve as a specific “reservoir” for the soul of the diseased. Placed in the serdab, it was supposed to be the necessary element of the Egyptian burial tradition.

The modern world knows Hatshepsut, the famous pharaoh of Egypt, only owing to the fragmentary sculptures. Most of them depict the pharaoh in her royal dresses and devoted to her royal routines. However, some of the statues portray her as Osiris.

Speaking about the Nanna Ziggurat, the Sumerian temple, one must mention that it was apparently built to honor Nanna, the Sumerian deity of the night and moonlight. Unlike Nanna Ziggurat, which was made of mud bricks, the Pyramid of Djoser was made of stone blocks; however, the two still look much alike, with their pyramidal structure and sharp angles.

Thus, it is clear that the Sumerian people, as well as the people of the Ancient Egypt, reached the peaks which the present-day world has never heard of. Though the has-been kings of the universe knew nothing about the technological discoveries of the present-day science, they still managed to create the culture which still remains a mystery and is filled with the most incredible legends. Taking a closer look at their artworks, one can reach the ancient culture and see the magnificence of the human race.

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A Rose for Emily Essay best college essay help

One of the most appealing aspects of William Faulkner’s short story A Rose for Emily is that the readers’ exposure to the main character of Emily Grierson provides them with a better understanding of what accounts for the effects of socially oppressive circumstances onto the process of an individual becoming mentally insane.

This is because it was namely the fact that, ever since her early years Emily was indoctrinated to believe that she had no other option but to live up to the expectations of her traditionally minded relatives and neighbors, which caused her to murder Homer Barron in the end. Let us elaborate on this suggestion at length.

As it appears from the story, throughout the course of her young years, Emily did not exhibit even a single sign of being predisposed to act in a socially withdrawn manner. At that point of her life, she was nothing but a pretty girl who strived to attain happiness by marrying a man she could love. In fact, Emily’s father also wanted her to do this.

However, being the representative of a Southern aristocracy, he never ceased insisting that his daughter may only marry a ‘worthy’ man. In its turn, this prevented Emily from being able to find a husband, while her father was still alive. Nevertheless, being the product of an elitist upbringing, Emily was having a particularly hard time while coping with the fact that, after having turned thirty, she ceased being desired by men, as a potential fiancée.

This is exactly the reason why, after her father’s death, Emily choose in favor of leading a socially alienated lifestyle, while going as far as making a deliberate point in not even stepping out of her house. Apparently, such Emily’s decision reflected the fact that, because of her failure to get married, she never ceased experiencing an acute sensation of guilt for not being able to lead a life she prepared herself for.

Therefore, it is fully explainable why, after having met Homer, Emily decided to marry him, despite the fact that she did not truly love him and despite the fact that Homer was not taking much interest in marrying her either. Yet, it was only the matter of time before it would eventually dawn on Emily that her expectations, in this respect, were vain.

The realization of this fact proved little more than Emily could take. After all, just as it happened to be the case in all highly religious/traditional societies, single women that spend time with single men, without entering into a marital relationship with them, are being commonly regarded ‘unworthy’ and ‘morally wicked’.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This was exactly the reason why Emily decided to poison Homer – she simply could not let him go, as it would result in the remains of her elitist sense of self-worth being thoroughly destroyed. Such a strong was Emily’s desire to live up to the socially constructed and religion-based dogmas of public morality that, after having murdered Homer, she continued to sleep with his corpse for years. By doing it, she strived to reaffirm her worthiness as a potential wife.

Thus, the character of Emily Grierson can be well discussed as a victim of social circumstances, which triggered the process of her becoming ever more insane and which brought about Emily’s ultimate demise. Therefore, even though Emily did commit murder, the story of her life suggests that she cannot be held responsible for what she had done. Instead, the blame must be placed upon a moralistically oppressive society, in which Emily had the misfortune to be born to this world.

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Paranoid Personality Disorder Research Paper writing essay help

Paranoid personality disorder is a way of interpreting other people’s actions as the ones, intentionally causing a threat to the person. This disorder is usually shown by mistrust and suspicion and may lead to people being misunderstood or misinterpreted. It becomes evident in early adulthood where negative thoughts, attitudes and feelings are rejected.

The people suffering from this disorder feel mistreated and exploited, thereby failing to interpret good comments and others’ behavior. As a result, they do not accept reality as it is and remain rigid in their way of thinking (Alper 28).

This condition is characterized by paranoia, mistrust and uncertainty. Fear harbors hidden motives and wrong intentions rendering the people with paranoid personality to be unable to work with the others. They end up socially withdrawn, detached and hostile. They tend to scan the environment for clues that can prove their prejudicial knowledge as valid. Their minds are preoccupied with looking for some sources of danger and fighting very hard to find any suggestive sign.

They hold many grudges and mistrust towards others. People with this disorder show lack of self-sufficiency. Others may develop poor self-image and an inability to incorporate right attitude. In addition, they have a poor sense of humor and are unable to adapt to participation quickly in a group activity. As a rule, they appear cold, rigid and litigious. People with this disorder have poor relationship with the others as they seem odd and eccentric.

According to Freeman, “People with paranoid personality disorder doubt being committed , loyal, trustworthy as they believe they may be deceived or used in a wrong way ” (32). Sometimes, they are quite reluctant to confide in the others or fear of revealing some personal information that might be used against them. In addition, they do not easily forgive and tend to harbour a grievance.

They are hypersensitive, poorly take criticism and innocently read the remarks. They wrongfully judge their spouses or lovers as being unfaithful. They do not fulfil their role, while trying to handle their desease, and always believe that they are right. In addition to being hostile, they are stubborn and argumentative.

Researchers still do not know the exact cause of the paranoid personality disorder. Some argue that it occurs due to biological and psychological factors. It is genetically common in families with psychotic disorders. However, the environment may also have a great influence on its cause.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus there are biological or psychological causes. They include schizophrenia and delusional disorder. It is more common in men than women. Paranoid personality disorder can be associated with negative childhood experiences and a pure replication of hostile domestic environment. Sometimes, parental influence and rage may foster child insecurity.

It is important to note that treatment of paranoid personality disorder is possible unless the patient fears the doctor or becomes suspicious. Early treatment is necessary since the disorder may become chronic. The common way of treating this disorder is by medication and therapy.

It is evident that mostly, this disorder is caused by disruption of family, and employment loss. Perhaps, comprehensive therapy may be applied to recovery and prevent further stigmatization. It is recommended to carry out some consumer education programs, family counseling and advocacy and vocational assistance (Alper 41).

Proper diagnosis should be done by a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist. The psychologist should be able to understand the extent of symptoms. Examples of symptoms are such as fear of being rejected, suspicion of others and a habit to distort events. These conditions must be keenly monitored not to interfere with normal interpersonal relationships.

Careful inspection of person’s normal life should be done. At this point, it is also important to be careful not to confuse the symptoms of paranoid personality disorder with schizophrenia or any manic depressive disorder. This will require a careful examination and evaluation of person’s mental health (Freeman 122).

Appropriate and individualized psycho-therapical program should be considered. This will help find the initial causes and the best treatment possible. The person is sometimes reluctant to seek therapy. This is because he/she does not trust any therapist so his/hewr way to recovery may take a lot of time.

Group therapy may be necessary for addressing some positive behavior. It also provides a person with an opportunity to interact in a constructive way. It allows a person to relate to likeminded peoplem, though this may develop more paranoid conditions. An individual gets rid of distrust and isolation by developing a sense of belonging and also a normal relationship with the others. This is when this program should be combined with self-help group. (Freeman 56).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Paranoid Personality Disorder specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Giving medications causes high level suspicion, and this in turn leads to withdrawal from therapy. Such an action is, therefore, not encouraged. Medication is preferred for treatment of specific conditions associated with this disorder. It is only administered in cases where symptoms impede normal functioning. Medications for severe anxiety or delusion should be used within the shortest possible period.

Psychotherapy is considered as the best method of treating paranoid personality disorder. People who have this disorder develop problems which require intense therapy. It is, therefore, necessary for a therapist-client relationship to be good enough to ensure great care and a given level confidence (Alper 58).

One way of managing the paranoid personality disorder is through self-care. This does not require any kind of treatment as social groups help in alleviating mistrust and suspicion in an individual. After examination, the doctor should begin to evaluate the medication to be prescribed and patien’s medical history, if any. Absence of any biological tests makes it necessary to use diagnostic approach as a way of evaluating any physical illness.

Patients may also seek for some health care professionals to check and diagnose any mental illness. Tools for assessing and evaluating the disorder are supposed to be designed by the psychologist. People suffering from paranoid personality disorder do not seek for any medical attention on their own.

This is because they cannot judge themselves as suffering from such a condition. Any treatment offered should focus on developing more skills for coping with every situation that may occur. This will further enhance developing more communication, interaction skills and feeling of self-esteem.

Trust is regarded as a tool for treating this disorder. Distrust of the others makes it difficult for people with paranoid personality disorder to be treated as it becomes almost impossible to implement treatment plans. The use of antidepressant or anti-psychotic drugs may be prescribed if condition goes extremely beyond a certain level (Freeman 102).

In conclusion, paranoid personality disorder affects individual’s way of life. It totally ruins the relationship with the others, even at the workplace. Affected individuals find it hard to adapt in any work situation. They usually fight or sue people whom they regard as their enemies.

This disorder can last for the entire life of a person, if not effectively addressed and treated. Some people suffering from paranoid personality disorder may marry and get employed while others may intensively be disabled by this condition. Their resistance to treatment is quite alarming as it worsens the outcome of any treatment strategy. Prevention of this disorder is impossible nowadays but treatment, if not well managed, may cause even more problems than no treatment at all.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Paranoid Personality Disorder by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Alper, Gerald. Paranoia of Everyday Life: Escaping the Enemy Within. New York: Prometheus Books, 2005. Print.

Freeman, Daniel. Overcoming Paranoid and Suspicious Thoughts: A Self-Help Guide Using Cognitive Behavioral Techniques . New York: Basic Books, 2008. Print.

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The Role Of Women In Business From The Past Century To Today Report argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Abstract The report commences with an examination of women’s professional opportunities in the early twentieth century. At the time, most women could only access low-paying jobs in poorly-maintained industries. During the First and Second World War, women took up unconventional jobs in order to replace the male workers that had joined the military.

However, these women’s husbands displaced them when they came back from war. In subsequent years, this group fought for its rights through the women’s movement and other organisations. By the end of the twentieth century, several females started owning their own enterprises. Today, a number of company CEOs are female, and they do a good job.

Nonetheless, barriers that prevent women from reaching for leadership positions at work are causing most of them to become frustrated. It was recommended that the government should make legislations to even out the playing field. Women should undergo confidence building and be entitled to flexible hours of work. This would narrow the gap between men and women in the business world.

Introduction Women’s role in business has improved dramatically since the early twentieth century. Society’s attitude towards this group affected its level of achievement in the business arena. The paper will examine some historical developments in the female movement and how these relate to the role of women in business.

Justification

This study will assist in bringing out the challenges that women in business face as seen through a historical lens. By starting with the twentieth century, the study will illustrate some of the historical injustices faced by women and how societies can deal with that inequality.

Women in the early twentieth century and the First World War Females in the early twentieth century had minimal access to job opportunities. However, a few sectors provided women with work, such as art and literature. Female writers like Dorothy Richardson highlighted the challenges that women faced in their society.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This era also recorded an increase in female artists who used their craft to portray powerful images of working women. Although society frowned upon the participation of women in work, a small proportion of them (20%) had jobs. Most women in the 1900s were factory employees who worked under squalor conditions for minimal pay.

The 1920s were the roaring twenties; this was a progressive era in which women defied the submissive stereotype of the late nineteenth century. They were daring in their social and professional lives. Some of them took up jobs in the public sector. Female clerical workers were widespread at the time; others participated in the field of journalism, law and mining. However, these opportunities were largely available to middle class Caucasian women; ethnic minorities and older women struggled to secure employment.

The number of women who participated in the labour force rose by 50% in this decade. Nonetheless, some sections of society felt threatened by this new breed of independent and hardworking women. Therefore, stakeholders in the film industry quelled men’s insecurities by portraying images of married women. Nonetheless, those images did not depict the true goings-on in society.

As professional roles began changing, women embraced opportunities in healthcare, education and other professions designed to cater to the needs of manufacturers. When the First World War started many men left for military service. This created a vacuum in the workplace that only women could fill. Many of them rose to the occasion; however, when the war ended, they had to step aside for their male counterparts. Those who stayed behind could only do low-paying jobs as men took all the lucrative opportunities (Hameed, 2008).

Women in the Second World War When the United States entered the Second World War, it required a lot of military supplies. Suppliers converted automobile factories into aircraft facilities. This demand for military supplies created a labour shortage that only women could reverse. The government wanted women to do this only temporarily, so they made a call to work.

Since few women responded to it, the government decided to launch a propaganda campaign in which it created a fictional character called Rosie the Riveter. The US government looked for a series of individuals who could fit the profile of a patriotic, attractive and efficient female. Advertisers displayed images of such women in various media channels, and the public responded positively to the portrayals (Ross, 1993).

In the beginning, most women took factory jobs, but there was still a need for more qualified workers. Employers began hiring women who had just completed high school; these efforts were still not sufficient to fill the labour gap. Companies needed to tap into a demographic group that they had forbade from working; married women.

We will write a custom Report on The Role Of Women In Business From The Past Century To Today specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They initially started with mothers who had older children. Most females took low-paying jobs in order to free up men for higher-paying jobs. Furthermore, few of them had access to powerful positions in their places of work. Women enjoyed the economic incentives associated with work and also appreciated the fulfilment they found in these new roles as employees.

However, they had to fight negative attitudes from men. It should be noted that although a large proportion of women entered the labour force, stakeholders still felt that their greatest strength was at home. Many perceived career women as unattractive prospects for marriage. Therefore, when the war ended, women got into low-paying jobs or went back home. Nonetheless, this era paved the way for participation of women in unconventional professions. Future generations of women would follow their path.

The Women’s Movement In the 1960s, female writers articulated the challenges of women in society. They asserted that domestic roles defined women, and this disempowered them. The writers urged their colleagues to find new roles and define their own identities through professional opportunities.

It was such sentiments that led to the birth of the women’s movement. Many participants drew inspiration from the civil rights movement of the 1970s. It should be noted that the birth control pill contributed to the prevalence of this movement, as well. The decade 1960 was an era of rebelliousness. Many middle class youth joined the women’s movement because of these sentiments.

During this decade, civil rights bills prompted female supporters to call for their own protective laws. In 1964, women secured their first antidiscrimination bill. A number of women formed the National Organisation for Women which fought for women’s rights and prompted other members to participate in the same. It was these developments that eventually spread to other parts of the western world such as the UK and Australia.

Women in business today Women have made enormous strides in the business world today. Some are CEOs of Fortune 500 companies while others own medium and small enterprises. Their participation in the workforce is indicative of the degree of advancement that women have undergone over the past century. Better educational opportunities, strong antidiscrimination legislation and positive attitudes towards the female gender have contributed to these advancements.

Women are now leading powerful institutions such as PepsiCo. The CEO of this institution is Indra Nooyi; she is the most powerful woman in the fortune 500 list. This leader started as a company manager and climbed the company ranks to become CEO. Indra became a chief financial officer seven years after she joined the institution and a CEO five years later (Kalyan, 2009).

Other women have started their businesses from scratch and grown them into international empires. A case in point was Archer Daniels Midland. The President of this organisation is Pat Woertz, and she is the fourth most powerful woman in the fortune 500 list. Andrea Jung, Brenda Barnes, Irene Rosenfeld, Meg Withman, and Anne Mulcahy lead or own Avon, Sara Lee, Kraft Foods, eBay, and Xerox respectively.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Role Of Women In Business From The Past Century To Today by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These women have worked hard to get to these positions, yet their achievements would have been unrealistic in the 1950s. The CEO of Yahoo Inc is also female, and is known as Marrissa Mayer. The born leader took up responsibility for running an ailing internet firm at the beginning of this year (2012). It is too early to judge whether her leadership has been extraordinary, but one can already see how committed she is to the firm.

She only took a two-week long maternity leave and resumed her duties immediately after the break. Another example of a strong female executive is Reg Leaver who is a leader at Australia.wana. She first purchased a newsagency in 1995 and then went on to form various news groups. Leaver has the title of 2010 Nextra Australia’s winner.

The above-mentioned women are not the only ones who have made a mark in the business world. Statistics indicate that women around the world own 10.4 million organisations. In some countries, women started approximately 40% of all companies. Furthermore, studies show that the number of businesses owned by this demographic group is increasing at an impressive rate.

Over the past decade, female-owned businesses have grown by 42.3%. Additionally, sales generated from these organisations have increased by 4.4%. Female entrepreneurs have entered various sectors such as retail, real estate and manufacturing. Although most of these participants belong to the service sector (68%), a substantial proportion of these business owners are trying real estate (7.7%) and retail (14.4%) (Kalyan, 2009).

Representation of female participants in business

Clearly, women have done well for themselves. It is necessary to understand why these figures have been improving with time. One obvious explanation is the level of educational attainment among members of the group. Studies indicate that the number of women with master’s degrees has increased by 40.7% over the past 32 years.

Additionally, the world now has 44.1% more first degree holders in this demographic group. Even the number of female doctoral degree holders has increased by 43% since 1980. These advancements in education have increased women’s chances of becoming business leaders.

Another reason behind such impressive growth rates in entrepreneurship is the diversification of business portfolios. 38% of all female employees belong to sales and office occupations. 36% of these women handle managerial and other professional positions. 18% of them engage in service occupations while 8% of female employees handle the production, transportation and movement of goods.

Participation in various sectors of the economy opens up opportunities for advancements and this increases one’s chances of owning one’s organisation.

Shown is a graphical representation of the diversification of business among women

Challenges faced by female workers Although the above advancements exist in the labour force, a disproportionate number of men dominate leadership positions in business. Experts assert that an invisible barrier, known as the glass ceiling, prevents women from becoming company leaders. It is imperative to understand some of the challenges that women in business face when reaching for these leadership positions (Mason, 2012).

A firm’s management style may impede women’s advancement in the business world. Men and women have divergent management styles; company stakeholders may misinterpret female managerial styles and accord men more latitude. People often condemn females who adopt a masculine style.

Additionally, recruitment behaviours tend to mirror prevailing demographic patterns in a company. If a firm is male-dominated, then it is more likely to hire people who represent this image. As a result, females lack opportunities to participate in such companies. Discrimination still exists in certain companies that overlook qualified women for men. Some occupations segregate women naturally.

Firms in these industries are male-dominated and will rarely offer women opportunities for advancement. Typical examples include engineering, shipping or construction. In order to climb the corporate ladder, one needs access to informal and formal networks. Female employees lack access to these networks and thus have limited advancement opportunities. Some employers perceive women as problematic because they have to attend to their families’ needs.

Because of this, employers may overlook mothers when promotion opportunities arise. All the above challenges have caused many women to consider entrepreneurship as the ultimate solution to the glass ceiling. Many women are leaving the workforce to start their own organisations. This shields them from the unfairness of the corporate arena (Miller, 2009).

Recommendations More women should consider entrepreneurship because this allows them to create their own rules; they can also succeed on the basis of their personal input. Currently, costs of starting businesses are quite low. Further, businesses allow women to create corporations that match their personal values (Bullock, 1994).

However, before more women can enter into the world of entrepreneurship, governments and other stakeholders need to do a number of things. They need to work on the concept of work-life balance through legislations and provision of relevant facilities. Women need to be enlightened about how to build their confidence as well as how to cope with new roles.

Flexible scheduling should be considered by potential female entrepreneurs. This will prevent them from perpetuating the same discrimination that caused them to leave the corporate arena. Stakeholders should start creating female business networks in order to foster growth and development.

Conclusion At the beginning of the twentieth century, society restricted women to low-paying jobs. Economic necessity prompted employers to hire females; however, the group never gained access to leadership positions. This has changed today because a number of women own their own enterprises. Such patterns stem from better education, legislation and business diversification. Covert discrimination places a barrier in career advancement thus compelling many women to consider entrepreneurship.

References Bullock, S. (1994). Women and work. London: Zed Books.

Hameed, Z. (2008). Gender differences in business roles. Web.

Kalyan, S. (2009). The changing role of women in the workplace. Web.

Mason, W. (2012). Women in business. Web.

Miller, B. (2009). Encouraging women into senior management positions. Web.

Ross, S. (1993). The rights of women. London: McMillan.

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Concept Of “Four Idols” Essay writing essay help

Sir Frances Bacon identified and explained the reasons for different human behaviors. He applied the concept of “four idols” in his investigations (Mazlish 7). There are extensive debates on the significance of these four idols.

Accordingly, there exist several investigations concerning the practicality and effects of these four idols. Bacon observed that the human being fully emerges from the enslavement of their mind. Particularly, this enslavement relates to the intellectual idolatry. It is vital to note the disparities eminent from these four idols.

Ideally, diverse elements dictate the character and beliefs of human beings. Such elements emerge either from the external or internal influences in the environment. Sir Frances Bacon denotes that four idols have significant influences in these processes. This discussion in the paper analyses these four idols. In addition, it reviews the impacts of these disparities on the human nature and their beliefs.

The four idols pose critical threats to individuals. The “idols of the theater” provides a typical example (Solomon 16). Some people indicate the risk of various types of idols; some philosophers observe that the “idols of the theater” has the capacity to manipulate the thinking capacity of people.

Apart from this, they also hinder critical understanding which relies on a philosophical assumption under normal circumstances. Nonetheless, the process may also rely on a system of theology and custom. The particular idol has a remarkable influence on human dignity and individuality.

He may reduce the capacity to initiate and exercise critical thinking skills. Notably, most individuals influenced by the idol depict deviant behavioral tendencies. The effect might lead them to biased assumptions and judgments in their daily activities (Mazlish 16). Leaders and all managers within private and public institutions must consider the detrimental impact of the idols that minimize the potential of personalities to exercise transformative leadership skills.

It is necessary to examine the effects of specific idols on the operation of human mind. The logical processes involved in human understanding have significant influences on the level of integration as well as interrelation between individuals. Ideally, it enables different personalities to perceive and conceptualize issues within their external environments. This might also entail their immediate and remote surroundings.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it is imperative to take note of the particular idols that hinder logical thinking. Bacon also identifies the “idols of the marketplace” (Solomon 25), which idols cause hindrances to individual understanding. However, this deterrence relies on the different words and semantics applied within typical conversations.

Words form the basis of effective socialization and integration in the present society. Therefore, individuals require adequate precaution against the negative influence of these idols. Words are some of the critical tools used in the comprehension of particular concepts within most communities (Mazlish 34). They are also significant in the recognition of various facts; they also interfere with the thinking processes.

Individuals may imagine and name occurrences that are beyond existence. The imagination relies on certain words in these processes. All words have vital implications. Therefore, individuals must take precaution of the different words (Solomon 27) depending on their application within different social environments. The observation is crucial since words form the fundamental foundations for effective relationships and mutual understanding.

Idols may make individuals to commit fallacious assumptions and statements. Such instances are easily notable within the present society. These idols derive from the intrinsic nature of humans, the condition being very different from the confusion emanating from words.

Individuals always think of themselves as being right at all times. Justification becomes the centre of interest for most people within the society during such instances. Evidently, words also have diverse meanings. Individuals might apply different words to generate confusions within the society (Solomon 41). In such contexts, understanding becomes very difficult and complicated.

Misuse of words may cause chaos and conflicts amongst people. All individuals must keep the maximum level of caution. This helps to avoid such idols and increase the level of understanding within the community. The “idols of the tribe” refers to a category of idols that require minimal precaution (Solomon 56).

These idols also limit the competency for a personal understanding due to the human nature. Individuals prefer to force things to conform to their preferred outlook due to their nature. Personalities struggle to find illogical support during fallacious conclusions. This behavior emanates from the “idols of the tribe.”

We will write a custom Essay on Concept Of “Four Idols” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Idols are dangerous and might cause disquiet within the society. People are likely to make hurried decisions without adequate engagement of their mental capacity. This situation arises due to the influence of the idols (Mazlish 69). Individuals suffering from these idols are also prone to making generalized assumptions.

This generalization leads to unnecessary behaviors and beliefs. The process also leads to the emergence of conflicting interests within groups. The last category is the “idols of the cave.” They require very negligible attention portraying the different capacities and characters pertinent to every individual. Therefore, they are not detrimental to the general society. It is appropriate to have an adequate knowledge of these idols.

Works Cited Mazlish, Bruce. The Uncertain Sciences. London: Transaction Publishers, 2007. Print.

Solomon, Julie R. Francis Bacon and the Refiguring of Early Modern Thought: Essays to Commemorate the Advancement of Learning (1605-2005). Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005. Print.

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E-Marketing For Small Businesses Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

Marketing problems in general Marketing is gaining a new approach in the current society. Immediately after the Second World War, most companies had huge markets in the developing countries.

The level of competition was very low and firms only worried about production. Marketing was considered a unit in the production department. Most firms used an inside out approach as a technique of marketing. However, this has changed with the changing environmental factors. Currently, most firms face stiff competition in their various industries. They have forced to change this approach.

The marketplace is full of so many challenges. Many firms face various challenges that they have to overcome in order to be considered relevant in the market. In order to bring a clear understanding of the challenges a firm would face in the current competitive market, an external PESTEL analysis of business would be appropriate.

Analysis of the external business environment (PESTEL) Environmental scanning can be done using PESTEL Analysis. This involves the analysis of political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal environments.

Politically, various firms in Kuwait have experienced a relatively stable government. The country has experienced a long period of political stability that has made it conducive for business. It has a very stable government that is supportive of business operations.

However, the political stability of the country was at jeopardy in some past years, a fact that made it very difficult to conduct business in this country. Lack of political stability would mean that various businesses are not in a position to conduct business normally. Some may even be forced to wind up their operations in the market, which may amount to huge losses in case the instability is accompanied by looting and arson.

Economically, various firms in this country have faced difficulties. The firms have been faced with economic recession that hit various countries in the world, especially the US economy that had a direct effect on various economies in Asia.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This had serious negative effects on the firms’ revenues, as many customers considered the products non-basic. When the economy of the country is on a decline, the purchasing power is reduced. This reduces the viability of various businesses. They will be forced to cut down their operation costs, as the market will have a reduced capacity to sustain their products. During such times, weak firms are always faced out of the market.

The socio-cultural environment of this country is diversified. This is because this country has firms from all over the world. There are those countries that cherish equality and women have equal economic strength just as men. In such countries, the firm does not segment the market based on sex but age.

Kuwait is one such country. However, other countries such as the neighboring Saudi Arabia perceive women to be subordinates to men. It forces this firm to target the male members of the society because they have bigger purchasing power.

The technological environment that firms in this country operate in is very dynamic. Technology inventions and innovations, especially in the field of communication, have been the main challenge, as well as the strength of various firms.

While these firms are left with nightmares of trying to guess what their competitors in the market are going to come up with, some have use this technology to emerge leaders in the market. Technological changes are so unpredictable and firms are struggling to come into terms with these changes. The dynamism of technology in this sector has forced some firms to wind up the operations in the market.

Legally, most firms have not faced major challenges. The laws that govern trade in Kuwait and many other countries in the world have been very favorable to most firms. However, some firms have faced serious litigation cases for failure to follow some of the industry rules and regulations.

Of importance to note is that this country is largely an Islamic state. Most of the laws of this land are based on the strict Islamic principles. For this reason therefore, there are business practices that are not allowed in this country. Failure to follow the industry and national laws may not only lead to serious fines imposed by the government on the firm but also a closure of the firm.

We will write a custom Essay on E-Marketing For Small Businesses specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There are some environmental concerns that would be considered a challenge for the firm. Kuwait is one of the developing nations in Asia. The infrastructural development is not to the standard. This causes serious problems to various businesses in the country.

Although the government has made efforts to improve the road network, other sectors still need serious improvement in order to be considered as of the right standards. The facilities at various institutions of higher learning also need improvement for them to be in a position to produce fully capable employees.

The main threat that firms in this country face pertains to dealing with competition. The market has is currently very competitive. Charantimath (75) notes that many firms have come up with products, which are close substitutes of those that are offered by other firms in the same market.

This scholar notes that there is lack of creativity in various countries. Various firms that come into the market are not creative but instead they just imitate the production system of other firms. They come to the market with similar products as those of existing companies and this brings about serious competition in the market.

Tackling the challenges In order to tackle the challenges identified in the above discussion, Porters five forces would be very important. Most firms have been in a position to manage these challenges by applying this strategy. They have been able to implement Porters five forces. To tackle the threat of new competition, most firms have been keen on producing new products to rival those of new competitors. They have been keen to introduce new products in the market to counter any possible threat.

To manage the threat of substitute products, some of these firms have developed different lines of products to satisfy different markets so that they may not be adversely affected if substitute products invade one line. To increase their bargaining power with buyers, some of these firms have continued to produce high-end products, with qualities that make it easy for customers to appreciate their high prices. In so doing, these firms have been keen on ensuring that the lower end of the market is not assumed.

To increase their bargaining power with suppliers, some have created a scenario where they are single buyers, with various sellers. This makes them be able to dictate the terms of buying the products. To counter the intensity of competition, some have been able to acquire a special niche in this market, rendering their competitors irrelevant as their products are turned into mere substitutes of such company’s products.

Small businesses Small-scale businesses are numerous not only in the economy of Kuwait but also in many other nations across the world. The small-scale firms operate in both developed industries and developing ones. Those firms that operate in developing industries find it a little easier to penetrate the market.

Not sure if you can write a paper on E-Marketing For Small Businesses by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is because of the fact that the market leaders do not have total control of the market. Small firms would therefore get the opportunity to capture new markets in the industry before they are taken over by large firms. However, the small-scale firms operating in developed industries encounter a big challenge to assert their presence in the market. This is because large market leaders have total control of the market and can easily dictate various factors, most of which would be unfavorable to the small firms.

There have been so many challenges, especially in the urban markets. Small-scale firms would easily excel in the urban centers where there is higher number of people. However, it is in the urban centers where the competitors are also strongest. Large firms prefer large cities and towns where their products can easily be sold, and at a relatively higher rate.

The urban centers are also attractive to both the small-scale and large firms because of the purchasing power in the towns. Most of the urban dwellers are employed, and therefore have a higher purchasing capacity. The small-scale firms should therefore select industries where they can offer stiff competition to large firms. In this country, one such industry is the bakery industry. This industry faces stiff challenge from various players.

The biggest challenge comes from small-scale traders in the lower ends of the market. They make the majority and hence the most attractive market segment. However, presences of small-scale traders who manufacture doughnuts and other confectionaries have a huge control of the market, especially in the morning hours when big companies expect the biggest sales. However, the competition from the large firms is still relatively strong in this industry

These small-scale firms have the responsibility to fight this competition in order to be in a position to stay any longer in this market. In order to achieve this, it would be recommended that such firms specialize in a number of niches within the Kuwaiti markets. There are three main classes of people in this country, based on their purchasing power, hence their general behavior.

The three categories include the rich, the middle class, and the poor. The rich have the behavior of being loyal to one brand, if they develop trust towards it. Winning them over may not be an easy task. The middle class also tend to be loyal, but not as much as the rich are. Loyalty of the poor is based on cheapness of the product and the mass it offers. Small-scale firms should focus on this market segment when starting operations.

They should therefore capture the poor first, for they make the majority. This would give it ground to move to the second segment of the middle class and finally the rich. In so doing, the firms must realize that the brand that was used to attract the poor will be associated with the poor.

For this reason therefore, it would require these firms to develop a new brand when moving to the next class that would be associated with the higher class. Although pricing strategy may be useful for these firms when capturing the segment for the poor, the strategy should completely be avoided when targeting the rich and the middle class.

Marketing Problems Faced By Small Businesses Small business faces a number of problems when operating in this country. These challenges have denied these firms opportunity to expand, as some of them are faced out of the market. The biggest challenge that small business faces is the competition from established firms. Large firms have the power to suppress small firms and even send them out of the market.

One way of doing this is through reduced prices. Because they enjoy economies of scale, large firms are able to set low prices that may not allow small firms to continue being operational. Another challenge is technology. Their small size may not allow them to adopt new technologies that the market requires.

They are also less capable of doing comprehensive market research due to limited funds to do so. Based on their small size, they are not able to open various lines of products as discussed above to cushion them from competition. Their limited financial capacity also makes it difficult for them to venture into new markets that may increase their profitability hence help them grow in size.

Solution for the above problems These firms are able to overcome the challenges mentioned above by employing various strategies that would ensure that they are able to operate in the market with minimal threat.

They have to make use of the strength they have to overcome their weaknesses. The fact that they are small is in itself an advantage that they should exploit as an advantage against their competitors. Small firms are easy to manage as the person involved can make a clear short term plans to be achieved within stipulated time. They should also try to embrace technology.

More specifically, it is a smarter decision to switch from typical marketing approach to electronic form of advertising and on the other hand, entire investment outcome is an important determining factor that effectively shaped organisation’s obligatory needs and functional strategies.

Meanwhile, the considering factors are listed as pattern of the business firm either service provider or product manufacturer or both, product documentation style and product line specification with pricing sheets as well as legal documents, product development and movements of dynamic forces that forced to transforming marketing and advertising strategies.

The workflow of the organisational legal, financing and marketing wings as well as their documentation status, approvals and updating and availability of current technological platform within the organisation should be monitored closely. All of these forces are strategically unique to recommend right track for any marketing, sales, and advertising dilemma and subsequently there have several supplementary technical approaches those also enough efficient resolving marketing crisis as early described.

For instance, availability of shared drives separated from organisation’s website for advertising, marketing and sales, effective solution for official document management featuring integration availability with related group technologies, system available to web content management in order to concern marketing and sales requirements of the organisation, system available to collateral management through.

It may reduce hostile consumer behaviour towards excessive marketing and their attitude would neutralised by specialised storing method, organising, distribution of goods as well as tracking materials and at last, available hybrid or collaborative solutions to convey Web based marketing collaborative opportunities that would effectively compose bridge among employees and valuable consumers through coordinate, communication and collaboration (Warner 94).

The small-scale organizations should also consider creating a healthy environment within the organisation that would encourage their employees. They should ensure that they make use of all the possible strategies they have to compensate for the fact that they are small, and therefore have limited finances. The managers would ensure a cooperative workplace environment for the staff where staffs know that they may not be undermined at the workplace.

The job satisfaction of the staff is another dominating factor where all the features of the job including working environment evidence as rewarding by gratifying and pleasing the staff and mitigating their frustrations. In the organisation, to unsatisfying staff in comparison to the non-sales context, would align them to conduct unethical behaviour and it is very much common within various industries within this country.

Thus, it is suggested that the management of these small-scale firms would be more careful to ensure the job satisfaction of the staff and the unethical conduct would be reduce while the staff would perceive that their company is careful regarding ethical conduct and rewarding them for steady performance with ethical conduct. It is general norm for the staff that while the organisation would provide higher job satisfaction, they would demonstrate their highest honesty and sound performance with ethical standards.

E-marketing problems faced by small businesses In Kuwait, small-scale firms face a number of challenges as they struggle to capture the market. Although some of these challenges are conventional and would be faced by any other small-scale business in any other part of the country, some are specific to this country. E-business in Kuwait has faced a number of problems based on the strict provisions of the Islamic laws practiced in the country.

Cultural problems Although some of the Islamic laws may act towards improving electronic business, the law is very restrictive to this business in some respects. The Islamic religion, unlike other religions, strongly dictates the way people live. It has a number of practices it strongly prohibits.

In case the adherents break laws, they would receive immediate punishment some of which may even lead to death. This distinguishes it from other religions, especially Christianity. Unlike the Christian religion that holds that punishment would come after one dies, the Islamic religion believes on immediate punishment here on earth. This has made Muslims follow the teachings of Quran.

One such country that closely follows this religion is Kuwait. This is a majorly Islamic state. Businesses are closely controlled by this religion. As Freeman (51), Shariah law has been entrenched into the national law. The two are inseparable. The law dictates the products that may be allowed into the country. The law has had mixed fortunes for the electronic businesses. Although this religion has been advantageous to various business as stated above, it has posed a major threat to electronic business.

Islamic law strictly prohibits certain practices among its citizens. There is a strict manner in which men and women should behave and relate. For instance, a man and a woman should not have body contact with each other unless they are close relatives. However, most of the international television channels air movies that show that such behaviors are normal. Such movies sold by small-scale traders may lack market in this country.

Women make very attractive market segment for such products as mobile phones. This product has become a necessity. According to a report by Clinton (143), for every a hundred adult people sampled, over ninety-seven of them are regularly user of mobile phones in the developed nations.

In developing nations, this figure is slightly lower, at 68 adult individuals for every a hundred sampled. As Weiss (110) reports, in some Islamic society, women do not have the freedom men have. They have to seek consent from men in order to do certain things. When it comes to such items as mobile phones, women can only own them when their husbands approves of it. This would reduce the sale of this product among the small-scale traders.

Most of the small-scale traders who are in the e-market heavily rely on the social media to reach out to the customers, especially the youths. However, the government has been very keen to regulate the social media, given the events, which took place in some Arabic nations like Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia.

Although it has not completely banned the social media, as was the case in China, the government has used religion to discourage the use of social media. Religion has given social media as a rebellious media that should be avoided by God-fearing individuals. Because of this, online marketing has been very slow to pick pace.

The perception and attitude of the society towards the emerging technologies has been an impediment to the electronic business. The older generation of this society who are deeply entrenched in the Shariah law view emerging technologies as a thing of the west. They consider technological advancements as a way through which America and its allies are trying to influence the world and further their culture.

The Hollywood movies have been a strong pointer to these members of the society of America’s determination to poison the culture that the Muslim society has held closely. Their music is also negatively influencing their youth as far as the principles of Shariah law are concerned.

Youths who watch these movies would try to behave like the stars they see, while the songs make the girls feel that the world society offers much freedom to them with regard to dressing and general way of conduct. This perception has seen this group vehemently oppose the development of electronic businesses, because electronics introduces the youths to the outside world.

Annotated Bibliography Cohen, William A. The Entrepreneur

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Freedom of expression Essay essay help free: essay help free

Freedom of expression refers to the right to express one’s opinions or thoughts freely by utilizing any of the different modes of communication available. The ideas aired should, however, not cause any intentional harm to other personality or status through false or ambiguous statements. Communication of ideas can be achieved through speech, writing or art. Freedom of expression, unlike freedom of thought, may be regulated by the appropriate authorities in any society in order to avoid controversies between different individuals.

The extent to which this limitation or censorship is done varies from nation to nation and is dependent on the government of the day. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every individual has the right to search for information, access and impart variety of ideas irrespective of the frontiers.

The subject of freedom of expression has always been controversial, especially when considering political aspects. A state is perceived to have the mandate to impede people from convening groups in which they air their opinions if those views can result in direct harm to other people.

However, the interference would only be an exception if doing so results in more beneficial outcomes than standing aside. For one to be in a position to gauge the eventuality of a gain or a loss, then there should be absolute freedom of expression on all matters irrespective of the nature of the sentiments made.

Arguments for absolute freedom of expression can be a made by evaluating the purpose for which the ideas are expressed and the manner in which we evaluate what is true or false. According to Mill (Eisenach, 2004), the right to express one’s opinions offers humanity a rare chance to switch over an error for the truth if the idea expressed happens to be true.

In case the opinion happens to be wrong, mankind stands a chance of getting a clearer picture of the known truth through collusion with a mistake. Therefore, freedom of expression acts in the best interests of mankind as it endeavors to progress and its limitation deprives people of the prospects of growth.

Whether we let expression of an opinion to be limited or censored, whereas it could be true, then we present ourselves as beyond reproach. We consider all that we know to be the truth and therefore dispel all opinions that question this truth. It is possible for people or authorities to be in fault. For instance, what we consider to be morally right or wrong may not be so.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The lines that define moral rights and wrongs were set by people who could possibly have mistaken. In order to draw the limit, one must differentiate between sureness and the truth. Our certainty that a particular idea is false does not in any way excuse its expression. Suppressing such an idea would not only justify our confidence of the opinion being wrong, but also proves that we are flawless.

If limitation of people’s freedom of expression in matters such as racism is based on certainty that mankind does not stand to lose any benefit, then this sureness should be founded in the freedom itself. We can only consider ourselves to be certain when there have been no opinions raised to question the truths we hold. Therefore, in order to boost our certainty, we have to leave room for the opposing beliefs.

There are governments that censor the expression of certain ideas not because they are false, but because they are considered to be hazardous to the society. Mill argues that in such a situation, the hazard in the expressed opinions is questionable. The only way to ascertain that the opinion is in fact dangerous is not to suppress its expression but to allow its free discussion.

Secondly, if the opinion that is being limited is true, then the alternative view held by the government must be false. Experience has shown that all beliefs that are false are never constructive in the long run. Therefore, the government that prefers to hold a false conviction in place of a hazardous truth does not act in the best interests of its people.

In many instances, the silenced view may be a mistake. However, most of these mistakes do carry with them a scrap of truth. On the other hand, the existing view on each of the different topics often does not contain the entire truth. By listening to the opinions of others on the matter, an opportunity to learn the rest of the uncovered truths presents itself.

For instance in politics, we could have two political parties with different agendas. One wants to institute reforms while another desires to ensure stability. People may not be in a position to discern what should be retained or altered, but ensuring the parties at opposing ends ensures each party checks on the performance of the other. In the long run, we strike for a beneficial balance between their supposed agendas (Bhargava, 2008).

Moreover, if the opinion being expressed is entirely true, it may not be considered so with certainty. For confidence to feature, these views must be contested against other rational opinions of others in order to single out the supporting arguments. It is expected that those who believe in their opinions will place strong arguments in their favor (Matravers, 2001).

We will write a custom Essay on Freedom of expression specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If an authority believes in the rationality of its ideas, then it should leave room for the expression of opposing ideas. For instance, if any reigning political party has faith in the views it has concerning the development of the country’s economy, it should not be wary of an opposition party with contradicting views. After all what they stand for has factual backing (O’Rourke, 2001).

Lastly, the battle for supremacy between different opinions opens up a more comprehensive understanding of our beliefs. We begin to comprehend what is required of us and are, thus, in a position to act on them. Human beliefs do not exhibit any motivation and the debates that arise are what add fuel to the fire.

Holding beliefs with a conservative mindset only serves to hinder our acceptance of the possible alternatives (Jones, 2001). Therefore, opposition exhibited in the freedom of speech opens up a lee way for open-mindedness besides posing a challenge to hypocrisy and logical sluggishness.

The absence of restrictions on people’s freedom of oppression allows for the exchange of error for truth or the clarification of the existing truth. It also reinforces our certainty in the opinions we consider true besides increasing our open-mindedness and thoughtfulness. For governments, it ensures those entrusted with the leadership of the country have reasonable opinions that work for the common good of the country’s citizens.

Free discussion and analysis of different ideas will, thus, result in the prosperity of mankind rather than the detrimental effects it is assumed to bring.

References Bhargava, H. (2008). Political Theory: An Introduction. Delhi: Pearson Education

Eisenach, E. (2004). Mill and Moral Character. New York: Penn State Press.

Jones, T. (2001). Modern Political Thinkers and Ideas: An Historical Introduction. New York: Routledge.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Freedom of expression by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Matravers, D. (2001) Reading Political Philosophy: Machiavelli to Mill. New York: Routledge.

O’Rourke, K. (2001). John Stuart Mill and Freedom of Expression: The Genesis of a Theory. Connecticut: Taylor

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Benefits of Preparing for Emergencies and Terrorism Term Paper custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Prevalence of Terrorism and Natural Disasters

Benefits of Preparations to Emergency Workers

Benefits to the Authorities

Benefits to the General Population

Conclusion

References

Introduction The last 13 years have brought to the attentions of all Americans the devastating effects that natural disasters and terrorism can have on the society. The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 and the devastating hurricane Katrina in 2006 demonstrated the adverse effects of disasters.

In both instances, the emergency services responded promptly and they were able to mitigate the damages and save many lives. Even so, Cetron and DeMicco (2006) suggest that these responses were not optimal since the responders were not well prepared for such catastrophes.

In light of increased concern of terrorist-related incidents and the ongoing risk of major domestic incidents in the country, making preparations is a prudent approach. This paper will set out to highlight the benefits of preparing for emergencies and terrorism for emergency workers, government authorities, and the general population.

Prevalence of Terrorism and Natural Disasters While terrorism is not a new phenomenon, terrorists today pose significantly greater danger than they ever have in the past. These terrorists are better financed, organized, and they demonstrate greater eagerness to engage in higher levels of carnage; factors that significantly increase the risk that they pose to the public.

Hoffman (2006) notes that in the last decade, terrorism has emerged as the most perilous global problem that threatens to disrupt society life. Taking preemptive actions to prepare for an imminent terrorist attack is therefore in the best interest of the society.

The impacts of natural disasters on society have increased dramatically over the past few decades (Schaefer-Jones, 2007). The reason for this is that human population has increased and many settlements have been established in areas that are prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes.

The concentration of populations in urban areas also increases the severity of damage when natural disasters strike at a particular location. For this reasons, being prepared for natural disasters is crucial to reducing the hazards posed by such events.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Benefits of Preparations to Emergency Workers Preparations will familiarize emergency workers with unconventional weapons that may be used by terrorists. Alexander and Klein (2006) suggest that it is plausible that these terrorists will pursue chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) methods in the near future. While most emergency workers are proficient in dealing with conventional terrorist attacks, they may lack the expertise to deal with CBRN.

Preparation will familiarize the emergency personnel with impacts of such attacks and inform them on how to respond. Alexander and Klein (2006) reveal that training will help emergency workers to address the heightened physical risk of children and adolescents to CBRN effects. Emergency personnel will also be trained on how to identify the various agents used by the terrorists and the effective countermeasure against them.

Preparation will entail determination of priority and authority for incident safety management. In most disasters, significant amount of time and resources are wasted due to lack of a command structure and priority. Emergency workers therefore end up dealing with matters in a haphazard manner and lack of central command leads to poor coordination. Preparation will help establish a priority order that will be used when dealing with disaster. Authority will also be given and a command structure established to help in joint emergency activities.

Reissman and Howard (2008) reveal that proper preparations include delineation of roles to ensure cross-agency consistency and effective communication during a disaster. During training, mock drills are carried out and emergency personnel including, but not limited to, medical teams, fire fighters, and police are given roles and responsibilities that they will carry out in the event of a real emergency. Training ensures that emergency personnel familiarize themselves with protocols to be used in emergencies.

Anticipating likely hazards within the planning scenarios will help identify the kind of equipment and technical expertise that will be needed in the real disaster. This will assist response organizations to acquire the needed equipment and expert staff. If this is not possible, the organization will have an inventory of where this equipment and expert staff can be obtained from on short notice.

This early identification will aid in the quick acquisition of necessary technical staff and monitoring equipment when responding to a disaster. Reissman and Howard (2008) reiterate that having an inventory of such assets will facilitate quick decision-making.

The emergency response team needs to be medically, emotionally, and cognitively ready to face disaster. If these workforce is not ready in these important dimensions, their efficiency will be lowered and this will hamper the entire disaster response operations. The planning phase will include pre-deployment medical reviews to ensure that the emergency response personnel are fit for duty. Individuals who have risk factors that might compromise the mission success will be removed from active participation (Reissman

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A Man for All Semesters Essay essay help free: essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Summary of Main Points

Analysis

Response

References

Introduction Dameron’s article titled “A man for All Semesters” explores misdeeds of Tomar as well as the indolent nature of learners in higher institutions. The article gives an account of how Dave Tomar made vast amounts of money by helping students to complete their assignments.

Tomar earns a decent living from his work as a freelance writer in a custom essay company. The article explains how Tomar completed loads of papers for learners who were either indolent or not prepared for tasks associated with completion of their college, graduate and doctoral programs. The interest of learners is just to present exactly what the teacher asks for so that they can obtain excellent grades.

Hence, they keep on confirming whether the writer is writing what the teacher requires. Also, Dameron uses some clients served, by Mr. Tomar, to show that these learners are not ready to think on their own at all. Rather, they expect Mr. Tomar to provide them with an excellent piece of work that meets the criteria asked for by their instructors. Besides, the article demonstrates parents to these learners as being key facilitators to the entire process of cheating in institutions of higher learning.

Other aspects that this article explores are relationships between unemployment and academic cheating. Mr. Tomar was happy with his work as he could earn more than most of his peer lectures in prominent universities. Further, the article shows that the current university education in America has many shortcomings. Writing dissertations for the doctorate and graduate learners as well as completing term papers for college learners produces learners, who cannot think or apply education learnt to real situations.

Besides, completing such vital tasks on behalf of learners leaves them with less time to study and learn. This, in turn, compromises the value and significance of education in American universities. As a result, these institutions end up producing graduates who cannot think critically, and whenever they find themselves in a situation that requires complex reasoning, they make efforts to contact freelance writers who can complete these tasks on their behalf.

This article is of immense significance today to instructors, learners, readers and parents. The article demonstrates that current instructors have neglected their work of ensuring that learners present original work in higher institutions of learning. Whenever instructors offer assignments to learners, they have a responsibility of ensuring that learners submit their original work in order to maintain academic integrity.

Besides, this article demonstrates that learners have lost moral values related to education and their parents are paying little attention to their misdeeds. Every time learners receive assignments while, in learning institutions, they should complete these assignments individually, or as required in order to avoid compromising values related to education.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The current economic issues in the United States, particularly in the area of employments, may have made learners develop the act of cheating in examinations Also, parents have a responsibility of ensuring that their children complete home assignments individually rather than presenting these assignments to other people to assist them.

Further, this article is of immense significance to any reader who believes in academic integrity and moral development. This is because this topic seems to compromise these key aspects of education purpose.

As revealed by this account, both undergraduate and graduate schools and learners have fallen into a trap of low quality education and cheating because of little attention by instructors in American institutions.

Summary of Main Points Dameron’s article highlights the issue of academic cheating. Another key point that is clear in this work is that learners in higher institutions of learning just seek to excel in their assignments as opposed to obtaining knowledge.

Besides, Dameron’s article demonstrates how students cannot think independently. Dameron also demonstrates that learners are extremely conscious while delivering writing instruction as the teacher requires. In addition, Dameron uses Mr. Tomar to demonstrate that the current situation of exam cheating has roots in lack of adequate employment.

The article by Dameron further explains that if the story by Mr. Tomar is true, then the current university education in America has many shortcomings. Also, this article highlights that instructors in American institutions of higher learning have failed in their role of molding characters of learners.

Analysis The author fulfilled his purpose through this argument. The main purpose of the author was to demonstrate that cheating in American institutions of higher learning is prevalent due to both economic and institutional issues. However, this work has both logical and illogical ideas.

We will write a custom Essay on A Man for All Semesters specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More First, the article claims that Mr. Tomar’s clients are lazy and incompetent. While this could be true for most clients, it cannot be generalized. This is because some learners ask for Mr. Tomar’s hand due to sickness, ethnical issues or engagement in other activities that they value as much as education. Hence, this fallacy is illogical.

Second, the article claims that learners are extremely conscious while delivering writing instruction as the teacher requires. On the same paragraph, the article demonstrates that the learner has concern of what the paper will entail.

These two ideas are contradicting as one idea seeks to demonstrate that these learners only care about following instructions given in order to pass exams, whereas the other idea demonstrates that learners have a concern on details of the paper as they know what should be contained in the paper. Hence, these two statements are contradicting and seem to be illogical.

Third, the article speculates that learners are always learning and studying little than the system requires. A study referring to the trend of studying and learning, in higher institutions, by Marks and Philip Babcock indicates that there is a tremendous decline in the time spent by learners on their studies. This study made reference to students’ behavior between 1961 and 2003. This argument seems to be illogical as it draws from inductive arguments.

The fact that there is a tremendous decline, in the time that students spend on their studies, does not necessary mean that learners are always learning and studying little than the system requires. Besides, the last date that the study made reference to was 2003, 0r 9 years ago. The fact that a situation existed 9 years ago does not necessary means that the same situation exists. All these arguments seem to be informal fallacies.

Response The first issue that I support is the perspective on academic cheating. The practice of academic cheating is prevalent in most American institutions of higher learning (McCabe, Trevino,

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How Leaders Create and Use Networks Essay (Article) college essay help near me

This article mainly focuses on how leaders create and use networks in their work place for their success in discharging their duties, a skill that non leaders do not posses. This article was written by Herminia Ibara and Mark hunter.

Ibara is a professor of leadership and learning at the University of Insead, Fontainebleau, France and the director of the faculty of leadership initiative, an executive program for managers moving into broader leadership at Insead. She has also written numerous books. Hunter is an investigative journalist and a professor of communications at Insead and has written different books (Ibara and Hunter 108).

The authors while examining the networks which are the personal connections that will provide support, information and resources, found that they are the most challenging for managers who are transitioning into new leadership roles.

When managers move up the ranks, they will be addressing issues that will impact the whole organization and not only their areas of specialization, these new roles require relational tactics, which involves exchange and interaction with the current and potential stakeholders. All these contacts are particularly critical to the new roles of the leader.

The authors identified three different types of networks which are interdependent on each other. They are operational networks, personal networks and strategic networks. Personal networks will help to improve personal development of the manager.

These based on the relationships forged with the immediate superiors, juniors, the peers and outsiders like suppliers and customers who have the potential of supporting or blocking the project. Personal networks are for the purposes of coordinating and cooperation between individuals who know one another when they are accomplishing any task. This form of networking comes almost naturally to most managers (Ibara and Hunter 107).

Operational networks will assist the managers on present internal responsibilities so that they can perform their duties well. These are relationships built outside the inner circles and are established through professional associations, clubs and other interest groups that will serve to advance careers while giving new insights and perspectives. Operational networks serve as an important tool for personal development and can be a convenient point to establish the next network of relationship.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Operational networks are made of flexible connections between people who share or have something in common and are vital for referrals and getting daily tasks done. Strategic networks will help the individual in seeing the new directions of the business, and the stakeholders because this is the inflection point where the manager moves from the functional responsibilities into being a business leader. The concerns at this juncture are the broad business strategic issues.

The relationships established here will be the foundation of information that will enable the leader to achieve both personal and organizational goals. Strategic networks are the most underutilized among the three networking types, yet it is the most important for the success of a manager moving to undertake new responsibilities (Ibara and Hunter 109).

The authors have been studying networking strategies and social networks used by managers for over 20 years and their findings are, the useful and meaningful networks do not happen instantly, but needs time, and all three have to be used to ensure success and not just one or two.

They studied 30 managers for a period of two years who were transitioning into positions of leadership in the organization, and their findings were that those who employed all the three types of networking were successful while those who did not end up failing (Ibara and Hunter 106). These findings support the principles of reciprocity that are common in leadership management to influence followers of a leader.

People find they are obligated to support anybody they are closely associated or share something in common. These networks are based on interpersonal trust because when a person trust another, they are likely to offer support and, therefore, ensuring the success in the transition process. The findings also support the principle of six degrees of separation which simply says there are at least six people connections between one person and another in the world (Ibara and Hunter 108).

On the other hand, over reliance on networks could lead to other problems because not everybody is reliable to give the required and appropriate support and may give some misleading information. Besides, operational networks would address the assigned objectives and not the overall strategic objectives of the organization.

Personal networks are easy to establish and almost comes naturally, but the strategic networks are difficult to establish especially if it involves the superiors in the organization. There is no step by step formula to be followed in order to establish these networks, but they are intuitive based on general guidelines and would largely depend on individuals and situations. This means that they can be extremely hard for some individuals while it may be easy for others (Ibara and Hunter 106).

We will write a custom Article on How Leaders Create and Use Networks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Finally, this article contains valuable information particularly to any aspiring manager who wants to climb the career ladder by leverage the concept of networks in pursuit of their careers while making solid contributions in their organization. This is because the findings were observable facts on managers working in different organizations and are supported by sound principles of management (Ibara and Hunter 112).

Works Cited Ibara, Herminia and Hunter, Mark. How Leaders Create and Use Networks. Jan. 2007. Harvard Business Review. Web.

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