Beauty Myth And Its Influence For Women Research Paper Online Essay Help

Women have managed to overcome many barriers which made it difficult for them to succeed in different fields because of their gender. Gender equality and empowerment policies in many countries have helped them overcome barriers, which made it difficult for them to succeed.

The beauty and cosmetic industry have helped strengthen several attitudes and beliefs about a woman’s role in the modern world. Therefore, in the Western mainstream media, perceptions of beauty have been shaped by beauty and cosmetic companies. These companies have made many women to set for themselves unrealistic standards regarding how they should look.

The media has entrenched the idea that for a woman to be successful, she needs to have an attractive appearance. Cosmetic manufacturing companies have reinforced the belief that a slim woman is desirable, sexy and more confident (Wolf, 1991, p. 89). This has strengthened the stereotype that people, especially women, need to be slim, to live a healthy lifestyle. This paper will focus on the beauty myth and how it affects the way women see themselves in modern times.

Feminine beauty has been as a treated as a mysterious subject, which arouses different emotions in many societies across the world. The media, together with other companies, have entrenched certain perceptions about the role of a woman in the society, which continue to affect the way women look at themselves.

This has made many women to get obsessed with physical perfection, which has made beauty, one of the most important issues to women across the world. In many societies, patriarchal systems of power still dominate the way different activities are performed. However, this has changed over the years because women are no longer considered inferior or weak.

Wolf (1991) argues that feminist movements of the 1960’s and 1970’s, were concerned with equality for all genders in different spheres of life (p. 92). In Europe and North America, popular culture has influenced the way women perceive themselves and the role they are supposed to play in the society. Women in other continents have become more emancipated but they still do not have the same freedom, enjoyed by fellow women living in Western countries.

The issues of feminism and beauty are very crucial because they enable people understand the real impact of gender equality and empowerment, in many societies.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The concepts of beauty and feminism are more intertwined because of the way they many business organizations. They are used to create sex appeal in adverts, which makes many firms to use beautiful models to market their products. Advertising firms use models to launch products for different companies, which shows the connection between feminine beauty and marketing.

This helps them appeal to the sub-conscience of both male and female consumers, to make them have more favorable attitudes towards products being marketed (Levy, 2005, p. 67). Many product launches are not considered complete without popular female celebrities gracing them. The strong association between beauty and economics has had a dramatic influence in the media, because it has encouraged the society to treat women subjectively.

There are women who are more sensitive about their appearance and looks, than their skills and inner personality. They think that having flawless bodies, clear faces and beautiful hair, are necessary attributes that make them stand out of the crowd. Some of these women are well educated, earn good incomes and live comfortable lifestyles. They have adequate financial resources which make them more independent and ambitious.

Ironically, even though several working women have good incomes, they are still worried about how they look. These insecurities have been strengthened by stereotypes, which set unrealistic standards on how a perfect woman should look like. Levy (2005) reveals that many myths about beauty are advanced by the media and they have a major effect on the way women perceive themselves (p. 73). Some women believe that how they look determines their value in the society.

Many film stars and musicians have a big influence on the way women understand the concept of beauty in their lives. The effect of Hollywood on peoples’ behavior is enormous because many people are obsessed with tabloid gossip concerning the rich and famous. Many Hollywood stars, musicians and other well known personalities, are given a lot of attention by the media in Europe and North America.

Female celebrities are accompanied by their large teams of makeup artists wherever they go, which shows the importance they attach to their looks. They value their appearance more than their personality because this is makes them popular among their fans (Ross, 2010, p. 79). Therefore, fans who consider movie stars, musicians and athletes as role models, are likely to emulate their behavior. Young women are easily captivated by new fashion designs, hairstyles and other forms of popular culture they copy from Hollywood stars.

Many young women are hurting themselves physically and emotionally, in a bid to achieve unrealistic beauty standards, popularized by the media. Cosmetic surgery has become a multi-million dollar industry because more women are willing to go under the scalpel to improve their looks. Older women are undergoing botox treatments to get rid of wrinkles on their faces and are also opting for silicone breasts, to make themselves look younger (Ross, 2010, p. 89).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Beauty Myth and Its Influence for Women specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This obsession with physical appearance is creating a society where people are not willing to accept their physical limitations and are willing to pay more to improve their looks. Modern women are under a lot of pressure to meet specific standards of beauty, which drives them to try extreme cosmetic procedures, which are not good for their health.

Obesity has become a major challenge on the way women look in the US and other parts of the world. Many health experts argue that obesity and excessive weight contributes to different diseases which threaten women’s health. Therefore, popular stereotypes show slim men and women as healthy, while overweight individuals are teased for not observing healthy living. Many teenage girls in the US and Europe have eating disorders caused by failure to consume proper diets because they want to stay slim (Ross, 2010, p. 108).

The fashion industry has been accused of making more teenagers become anorexic because many popular fashion models are slim and underweight. In many Western societies, slim people are given more attention than overweight people. Obese people are described as lazy, greedy, dirty and slow. These negative attributes associated with obesity make many women hard to lose weight to gain acceptance in the society.

Feminists in different parts of the world have been divided by the issue of beauty and how it influences women in different settings. Some feminists argue that criticism leveled against the media and beauty industry is misdirected. They argue that women need to be in touch with their feminine instincts and they do not need to feel bad for improving their personal appearance.

They argue that personal beauty helps women overcome barriers in a world dominated by patriarchal ideas and gives them an opportunity to improve their self-confidence. However other feminists argue that women need to rely more on their character and personalities to succeed in life. They argue that the focus on beauty at the expense of brains makes women who are not physically attractive to be overlooked by their employers (Valenti, 2007, p. 82).

They argue that stereotypes related to beauty and appearance make women who are not physically attractive not to have the same chance at suceeding compared to those that are more attractive. Therefore, they feel that obsession with physical appearance makes women to be judged by patriarchal standards, which deny them a chance to achieve their potential.

Many feminists have argued that the modern environment makes women to be treated subjectively because of their appearance. The issue of feminism is now looked at differently compared to the past, because women have become more emancipated. Valenti (2007) argues that feminism needs to accommodate different interests by women for it to remain relevant in the modern society (p. 99).

She argues that women need to embrace their feminine instinct to improve their own self confidence, which will enable them realize their own potential. They need to focus on activities which satisfy their inner motivations to become comfortable with themselves in a world that is rapidly changing. It is necessary for women to be comfortable with who they are to ensure they do not fall prey to stereotypes and other popular ideals which treat women subjectively.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Beauty Myth and Its Influence for Women by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Levy, A. (2005). Female chauvinist pigs: Women and the rise of raunch culture. New York, NY: Elsevier.

Ross, K. (2010). Gendered media: Women, men and identity politics. London: Rowman and Littlefield.

Valenti, J. (2007). Full frontal feminism: a young woman’s guide to why feminism matters. New York, NY: Seal Press.

Wolf, N. (1991). The beauty myth: How images of beauty are used against women. New York, NY: Harper.

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World Politics Issues Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

World politics refers to a globally prominent academic journal that specializes in political science. World politics was initiated in 1948. Scholars are usually encouraged to make as many contributions as possible. The key role of world politics is printing research articles, which contributes empirically and theoretically to researches, review articles, and materials concerned with politics and global relations.

The journal is extremely important in the field of global relations. This paper aims at discussing why the issues of governance, performance, and international organization behavior are relevant in world politics.

In 1944, the Rwandese Hutu government collaborated with the extremist allies and almost brought the Tutsi minority to an end. Approximately eight hundred thousand Tutsi were murdered. Some years later, Philip Gourevitch recounted the genocide story in The New Yorker.

In the story, Philip claimed that the world governance had the ability to stop the genocide but nothing had been done. Consequently, this story aroused great interest in President Clinton. In response, he sent copies to Sandy Berger where he authorized more investigations. Clinton was amazed at how such a critical genocide could have happened. However, President Clinton showed his outrage and urgency at the wrong time since he had taken no action at the appropriate time to stop the genocide (Barnett and Martha 125).

On the same note, President Clinton’s administration had taken no interest to arouse his attention. There were concerns regarding whether President Clinton did not possess information about the genocide as the marginalia pointed out (Kuperman 100).

The United States is still engaging in the search for a detailed policy aimed at solving the grave communal conflicts. The comprehensive researches concern the mass killings that occurred in Rwanda, Somalia, and Bosnia. Moreover, they are being carried out years after the killings took place. The key concern is that the nations participating in the researches may have been dormant during the occurrences.

Why then are the nations showing concern when it is too late? There are two principles that apply for the Washington’s policymakers. First, the United States ground troops are never allowed to participate in humanitarian involvements when civil wars are taking place. Second, there are exclusions particularly where involvements can be implemented at low costs. It is worth noting that nations voice their intentions to fight against genocide in the political spectrums (Power para 4).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The majority of the nations consent that the United States should play a more participative role in case of another genocide. However, there is no consent yet about what the interventions of the US would entail. In the case of the Rwandese genocide in 1994, deploying approximately five thousand troops from the US could have prevented the mass killings. This was a claim made by the commanding general from the United Nations in Rwanda. Amazingly, the claim was supported by a wide array of global bodies.

The violence and mass killings in Rwanda played a great role in contributing to insecurity in places such as Kigali (Power para 2). During instances of genocides, the governance, performance, and international organization behaviors are usually under test. It is during such a time that the leadership in countries is portrayed by how immediately countries respond to the genocide. Global media reports focus on the country facing the genocide.

Works Cited Barnett, Michael and Martha Finnemore. Rules for the World. London: Cornell University Press, 2004. Print.

Kuperman, Alan. “Rwanda in Retrospect.” Foreign Affairs (2000): 94-118. Print.

Power, Samantha. “Bystanders to Genocide,” Atlantic Monthly, 2001. Web.

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Necessary Evil: Synthesis and Analysis Essay (Critical Writing) essay help online

Synthesis There are various versions that society has of morality. Moral nihilism is a doctrine that suggests that human beings are not inherently moral. It infers that any moral values that people contrive are abstract in nature and not necessary, just like rules and laws. As a result, nihilism begets the assumption that life has no purpose or intrinsic value.

The abstractness of any moral aspect developed by society means that no action can earns the description of morally right or wrong, creating a sense of subjectivity. The classification of an action as moral or immoral depends on the circumstances and the viewpoint of the person making the classification.

As such, this theory provides room to accommodate the concept of necessary evil, as opposed to theories such as absolute morality that suggests that actions are either absolutely moral or immoral, with no station between the two. There are situations and actions that cannot fit into the morality envelope perfectly and therefore society has to accept them as they are. This paper looks at situations in which some level of evil is necessary, if only to prevent greater evil.

Authors Ursula K. Le Guin and Mike Davis both display the concept of necessary evil in their literature. Ursula is the author of a short story with the title The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas.

It is a story with many twists, contributing to its aspect of mystery. The author gives a story about a city called Omelas, located near a harbor and surrounded by mountains. Omelas is a perfect city with located in a perfect place where the wind is just right. The people in the city are perfect by description. They are always happy, ever singing and in a celebratory mood (Guin 566).

There is not an ounce of guilt in anyone in that city as the people that live in it do not do anything wrong and the society is not judgmental therefore negating the need for laws. There is also the notable absence of clergy and law enforcement officials such as soldiers (Guin 568). She suggests to the reader to imagine all the elements that make a society perfect, including temples with priestesses who are willing to satisfy anyone’s sexual desires.

Omelas is therefore a creation of the mind that takes any form according to the reader’s imagination. She however mentions a dark side to the society, which is the imprisonment and abuse of a child, locked in a dark room with no clothes and no one to free it (Guin 570). She goes further to state that the seemingly perfect society does so in order to maintain the status quo.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The act Mike Davis, the author of The Great Wall of Capital embraces the same concept of necessary evil in his discussion about the various barriers that society erects and provides ironic justifications for them. The author mentions historical barriers such as the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the great effort it took for people to tear it down together as well as abolish other barriers such as frontiers with explosives, walls built around cities and electric fences that he refers to as the ‘death fences’ (Davis 88).

He gives the impression that these acts culminated in freedom and provided mobility in terms of free trade and movement of people. In contrast, Davis also gives examples of modern day barriers erected by various nations for different reasons that they deem necessary for the prevention of some form of evil.

Saudi Arabia, for instance, has put up a barrier against Yemen by the termination of an international agreement, in effect closing its borders with Yemen (Davis 89). The justification for this aspect is the prevention of ‘terrorism’ and illegal immigrants within its borders. He also gives the example of India’s efforts to build a wall surrounding its entire territory. Davis goes further to mention the wall put up by the American government on the Mexican border for the alleged purpose of keeping out illegal immigrants (Davis 90).

The author however suggests that the walls a symbol power and intimidation, and a way to make a political statement. The government relaxes regulations on the crossing of the border when in need of cheap labor to develop its economy, tightening the same when there is an economic crisis and a lack of jobs. He states, “…the modern US-Mexico border has always functioned, like any good dam, to regulate but not prevent the flow of surplus labor northward” (Davis 91)

Irony

Apart from support of the aspect of necessary evil that is evident in both works, there is a notable presence of irony in both of them. In Ursula’s narrative, the irony is that the seemingly perfect society is the same society that treats the child with disdain and does so to keep the comforts that result from the cruelty.

The author gives an illustration where parents explain to their children the reason for such treatment and how the children hurt at the sight of the child (Guin 570). The irony in Davis’ story is the fact that people work so hard to break down barriers in the past, only to build them up again with the same determination.

Hypocrisy

There is also the presence of hypocrisy in both instances. In Davis’ story, the government pretentiously uses the border to serve its political agendas without caring about the effects that this aspect has on the Mexican people (Davis 91). In Ursula’s version, the people act righteously and happily yet they knowingly treat the child with contempt and without mercy.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Necessary Evil: Synthesis and Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The main difference here though is that in Omelas, the people do not pretend not to know about the existence of the child and the evil acts they do (Guin 570). In contrast, the American government in Davis’ story hides behind the veil of border protection from immigration.

Happiness

In the determination of happiness, the people in Omela, according to Ursula, prefer its achievement through pain as think of it as intellectual. In David’s version, the source of happiness is power and manipulation through legislation in order to obtain cheap labor.

Analysis In the example given by Davis of the American government and its creation of a wall between itself and the Mexican border, it is the governments view that the wall is unavoidable for the prevention of the greater evil that is illegal immigrants and for the development of its economy. In Ursula’s story, the necessary evil displayed is the brutality against the child. The image that both instances project is that, the reason behind the creation of the necessary evil is usually selfish.

The main difference between the two instances is that in the case of the people in Omela, there is no other option portrayed by the author. In the case of the American government however, the motivation for the evil act is plain greed. This conclusion generates the question of the necessity of a minor evil to prevent a greater one. As the two examples indicate, the reason for the creation of the lesser evil is usually selfishness.

Works Cited Davis, Mike. The Great Wall of Capital: Israel’s Barrier to Peace. New York: The New Press, 2005. Print.

Guin, Ursula. “The Ones Who Walk Away From Omela.” The Norton Book of American Short Stories. Ed. Peter Prescott. New York: W.W Norton

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Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD Research Paper college application essay help: college application essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Causes of ADHD

Controversies in ADHD Diagnosis

Treatment of ADHD

Controversies in treatment of ADHD

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has increased over the recent years. It is one of the most common diseases in children and young adults.

The diagnosis of ADHD has drawn a lot of attention from scientific and academic circles as some scholars argue that there are high levels of over diagnosis of the disorder. Gifted children and ADHD children display similar characteristics. It is also quite difficult to diagnose the disorder in adults. The difficulty in diagnosis is also compounded by the fact that some children have ADHD with other disorders.

There are also concerns on the high prescription of stimulant drugs given to children who are very young. This is an area where a lot of research has been conducted to find out the causes, prevalence and effective treatment methods. There is however need for further research to address the controversies in the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD since it affects children. The long term effects of stimulant medication could have serious repercussions in adult life.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition that is common in children and young adults. The symptoms of ADHD include patterns of inattention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. The ADHD prevalence is high between 5 and 15% in children who go to school. The DSM-IV diagnostic tool is used to evaluate whether an individual has ADHD.

A person must display at least six of the nine inattentive and hyperactivity behaviours for a period of more than six months. The behaviour must be more severe or common comparable to people of the same stage in development. Behaviours that display inattention include difficulty in organizing tasks, forgetfulness, losing school items, failing to finish given tasks and avoiding mental tasks.

The individual may also be easily distracted or has difficulty in sustaining attention. The behaviours that display impulsiveness and hyperactivity include restlessness, impatience in waiting for their turn to speak and fidgeting. The behaviours should be noticed in the child before he is seven years old. It should also be demonstrated that the behaviours are interfering with the social, occupational and academic functioning of the child.

It is important that the disorder be diagnosed correctly. Lack of diagnosis presents various problems to the child. In adult life the individual will also have challenges. In academics, the child experiences learning disabilities in reading, spelling and performing math calculations.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It has been noted that children with ADHD are more likely to repeat a class, drop out or be suspended or expelled in school. Research studies have also indicated that these children have a high likelihood of being in automobile accidents or getting hurt physically while playing.

Analyses of diagnosis both in the USA and UK have shown that the disorder is more prevalent in boys than girls. Once the individual is an adult and the disease has not been treated, the person will have high levels of difficulty in employment, relationship challenges due to display of anti-social behaviour, driving offences and increased incidences of crime or substance abuse (Kuo and Faber, 1580). It is not a newly diagnosed disease as it has been treated for the last 100 years.

Under diagnosis of the disorder may be caused by various factors. There may be lack of awareness by the parents and teachers on what could possibly be the problem with the “difficult” child. There is also social stigma associated with mental conditions. The parent may fear taking the child for diagnosis as he does not want to be labelled “a bad parent.” Finally, the parent may not want to expose the child to consistent medication at such a young age.

Causes of ADHD There are several factors linked to the development of ADHD in children. The main cause of the disease however is unknown. First of all, the disorder may be genetic. Research studies conducted on twins, families and adopted children have shown that the disorder is highly inheritable.

There are specific gene variants that have been identified that are involved in dopamine neurotransmission. There has also been evidence of brain dysfunction in individuals with ADHD. The researchers have used several cerebral imaging studies such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and single photon computed emission tomography. Many of the results have indicated that the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia are affected (Kuo and Faber, 582).

Recent research studies have also indicated that children with ADHD have smaller cerebrum, grey and white matter volumes compared to non-ADHD children. The fact that pharmacological treatments especially stimulants have proved to be the most effective or superior treatments for ADHD also points to biological causes of ADHD. The stimulants increase the levels of extracellular dopamine.

ADHD may also be caused by neuropsychological functioning. Various studies have shown that children with ADHD have specific and global deficits in comparison with non-ADHD children.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There have been arguments that there may be psychosocial and environmental factors that increase the prevalence of the disorder. This is due to the fact that the condition has been identified more in the Western than non-Western countries. This has been contested by the fact that there is no evidence to suggest that the disease has become more prevalent. It is only that there have been higher cases of diagnosis and not prevalence.

Controversies in ADHD Diagnosis The diagnosis of the disease is complicated by the presence of other co-morbid psychological disorders in addition to ADHD in an individual. These disorders have similar symptoms with ADHD such as social awkwardness, risk-taking characteristics and impulsive behaviours.

These disorders include diseases such as Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder. There is also lack of formal diagnostic criteria for older children and adults. Diagnosis therefore presents a huge challenge to the primary care and family practice physicians (Kube, Petersen, and Palmer, 462).

There have also been concerns that there are high levels of over diagnosis of ADHD. There are several factors that could lead to over diagnosis of ADHD. First of all the physicians want to prevent the negative consequences associated with ADHD in the event of misdiagnosis.

The drugs for treating the disorder are also readily available in the market and thirdly there has been a lot of media coverage on ADHD and the pharmacotherapy treatment methods for the disorder. It has been argued that the stimulant drug companies have been using the teachers and physicians as their salespeople to aggressively sell the drug with their diagnosis.

The companies are interested in making a profit. It has been estimated that the money brought in by the sale of stimulants is $670 Million annually. The tactics used by the ADHD drug company are also very alluring. They love mentioning the fact that famous people such as Einstein, Picasso and Michelangelo also had the disorder so as not to alarm the parents.

There are also negligent parents who may not want to work hard and develop strategies to handle their children in these active ages. They want a way out even if it will involve the administration of drugs. These parents should be able to use alternative approaches to handle their children such as behavioural therapy approaches, counselling for the family and parental advice.

It has also been argued that the current educational system is facilitated by children sitting for long periods of time just listening to the teachers. The passivity and conformity levels expected of a child causes him to be restless and inattentive after some time. Interestingly some of the symptoms associated with ADHD are behaviours that are basically prevalent in children at a certain age. They are forgetful and fidget a lot.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Their attention spans are for a limited period of time. It is argued that a disease has been invented as an excuse for children failing to do their homework and chores at home. There could also be a challenge with the assessment procedures. When the physician is diagnosing a child, he is supposed to use multi-method approaches in order to ensure that the diagnosis is correct.

There should be interviews with the child, teacher and parent. There should also be a review of the child’s school records and physical observation of the child for a suitable period of time. Research studies have indicated that only 15% of the physicians use all the recommended approaches.

Many of them only rely on the clinical interviews while others do not use the standard instruments in assessment (Sciutto and Eisenberg, 108). There is therefore a danger in misdiagnosing a gifted child as one having ADHD. Gifted children have similar characteristics with ADHD symptoms.

They are usually intense when it comes to things such as relationships, sibling rivalry, responding to authority and mental tasks. They are also very hyper and restless. They tend to question the status quo a lot as they see numerous possibilities or alternatives. They are also very sensitive and easily moved to tears. It is a catastrophe when gifted and normal children are diagnosed with ADHD and put on medication.

The qualities of gifted children are appreciated in business settings especially on technical tasks. It is sad that when such qualities are displayed in children it becomes an issue that needs to be addressed. The gifted children could be restless as they wait for the other children to catch up. They should not be penalized.

Treatment of ADHD The disorder is mostly treated by the administration of stimulants such as Ritalin (methylphenidate) in recommended doses. It addresses the condition by activating the central nervous system which includes the brain. It has been noted to reduce hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It also helps the children sustain attention in their school while being taught and doing their assignments. Due to the side effects associated with stimulants, researchers have advocated for other treatment methods that are natural in nature.

A research study was conducted on children with ADHD across different ages, gender and income groups. There were two treatment strategies. Some of the children were engaged in green outdoor activities while the others were subjected to indoor and built outdoor activities. The results indicated that the green outdoor settings for after-school and weekend activities reduced the ADHD symptoms after considerable time regardless of the age, gender and socio-economic class of the children (Kuo and Faber, 582).

The researchers argue that the symptoms of attention fatigue and ADHD are similar. Interestingly, ADHD is regarded as a disorder while attention fatigue is a temporary condition where once the person rests he will be fine. They therefore advocate for after-school and weekend activities in a naturalized settings where the children can get rejuvenated.

Controversies in treatment of ADHD There have been controversies in the treatment of ADHD as several scholars are concerned with the high levels of stimulants being consumed by children. There is a perception that ADHD is being over diagnosed leading to high levels of stimulant consumption. Research conducted on Ritalin prescriptions in the 1990s showed that the prescriptions for the children aged between two and four years had tripled during this period (Zuvekas, Vitiello and Norquist, 580).

The use of the stimulant had increased by over 6% in America during the same period. It is an area of concern since 6% of the people diagnosed with ADHD are very young children. There have been arguments that the stimulants do not have significant side effects in the children which have been refuted.

There are research studies that have showed stimulants have side effects such as insomnia and anorexia. The stimulants are also being abused by teenagers. There are children and teenagers who are taking the drugs to enhance their cognitive performance yet they do not have ADHD (Mayes, Bagwell and Erkulwater, 155).

This is dangerous as the possible long term effects of the stimulant abuse have not been fully investigated. Researchers are concerned with long term side effects such as cardiovascular effects, reduced growth rates and carcinogenic effects. There have also been arguments against the effectiveness of the stimulant drugs in children by teachers.

There are teachers who feel that the drug makes the children have a zombie look in their eyes. It has also been noted that at times the drug causes the children to become withdrawn and isolated. They are over-interested in tasks that are boring and non-inspiring. It is argued that the drug suppresses the part of the child’s brain that assists with creativity, energy and freedom. Different scholars have suggested consideration of different treatment methods that do not require stimulants.

Conclusion The discussion shows that ADHD is a serious condition that affects the academic and social development of a child if not treated. The symptoms will cause more problems to the individual even later in life. Physicians should adequately diagnose otherwise there will be over diagnosis.

Young children will be exposed to consistent doses of stimulants at a young age. There needs to be more research carried out on the use of adequate instruments in the diagnosis of ADHD. What mechanisms should be employed to ensure that the physicians carry out the assessments properly to prevent misdiagnosis and over diagnosis?

There needs to be further research on alternative treatments of ADHD. Currently, stimulants have been found to be the most effective. More research also needs to be carried out on the diagnosis of ADHD in adults in order to address adults with social and employment challenges.

Works Cited Kube, David, Mario Peterson and Fredrick Palmer. “Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Comorbidity and medication use”. Clinical Paediatrics, 41(2002): 461-469. Print.

Kuo, Frances and Andrea Faber. “A Potential Natural Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence from a National Study.” American Journal of Public Health, 94.9(2004): 1580-1586.

Mayes, Rick, Catherine Bagwell and Jennifer Erkulwater “ADHD and the Rise in Stimulant Use among Children”. Harvard Review of Psychiatry 16(2008):151–166. Print.

Sciutto, Mark and Michael Eisenberg. “Evaluating the evidence for and against the over diagnosis of ADHD”. Journal of Attention Disorders, 11(2007): 106-113.

Zuvekas, Samuel, Benedetto Vitiello and Grayson Norquist. “Recent trends in stimulant medication use among U.S. children”. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(2006): 579-585. Print.

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Crowdsourcing’s Pros and Cons Research Paper college admissions essay help

Abstract Crowdsourcing has become an established business concept among small and large businesses. While firms of all sizes have applied the concept and derived its values, crowdsourcing has been effective among small businesses and individual entrepreneurs. However, crowdsourcing is an emerging concept with the development in technologies. Businesses should plan adequately for risks and benefits associated with the concept.

Introduction Many forms of businesses have adopted the concept of crowdsourcing as a form of marketing strategy. Such businesses collect data and ideas in order to gain competitive advantages in their business processes. As a result, the idea has proved to be effective form of marketing, but only few firms have realized its potential. Crowdsourcing has demonstrated its effective in promoting business growth, but some critics believe that the strategy can fail due to inherent challenges.

They claim that the crowd may not possess the necessary knowledge and good advice, which businesses can rely on to restructure their strategies. Although some organizations had used crowdsourcing before, the concept gained popularity with the growth in the Internet technologies when businesses noted that they could crowdsource different tasks, which they could not complete indoors through their own employees. In this essay, the focus is on pros and cons of crowdsourcing as a business model.

What is crowdsourcing?

People have defined crowdsourcing as the process of giving work to online communities in order to collect information and complete tasks, i.e., it depends on the power of the crowd. Facebook has relied on the concept of crowdsourcing. Facebook has provided a community of workers who can accomplish tasks through fan pages and other platforms.

People participate in contests where they generate ideas, some are brilliant, and others are not. Wikipedia has also used a similar approach to develop data bank of information by using various people. This shows how firms have exploited crowds to generate new marketing concepts.

Jeff Howe introduced the term, crowdsourcing in 2006 (Howe, 2009). However, some firms had previously relied on the idea to generate new ideas and create new products. In 1936, Toyota used the concept in order to develop its logo. The idea has gained momentum due to increased online activities among people, and companies have taken advantages to recruit such people to generate new ideas. In the recent period, Procter

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Walmart Company’s Problems Essay college essay help near me

Table of Contents Introduction

Problems encountered by Walmart

Strategic and operational analysis

Ethics and sustainability issues

Recommendations

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Walmart is an American retail corporation established in 1962 by Sam Walton. It operates large chains of department stores and warehouses where they sell products at discounted prices (Kneer 21). It is the third largest publicly owned corporation in the world. It operates in several countries including the United States, Brazil, Argentina, and Canada. Walmart has been on the receiving end for a long time mainly because of its menial treatment of employees (Kneer 22).

Reasons such as low wages and low prices have been cited as reasons why Walmart has developed an allegedly negative reputation. However, analysts have argued that Walmart has an overall positive effect on the economy and lives of people despite criticisms (Kneer 53). It employs over 2 million workers and is the largest private employer in the world.

Problems encountered by Walmart Walmart encounters several problems that include stiff competition, negative reputation, constraints in business acquisitions and joint ventures, and stringent cultural values in foreign markets (Kneer 25). There is stiff competition from other retail stores that have adapted a low-price strategy.

For example, they are facing stiff competition in North America, Canada, and Mexico. Their competitors include ShopKo, Giant tiger, Soriana, Costco, Meijer, Kmart, and Comercial Mexicana among others (Kneer 27). Small grocery and retail stores have successfully competed with Walmart and established their niche in several regions. In addition, competition in foreign markets is stiff.

For example, it has only been able to dominate 2 % of the German food market owing to stiff competition from other established retailers and grocery stores (Roberts and Berg 29).Stiff competition was the reason that Walmart halted its operations in South Korea. After entering the South Korean market in 1998, Walmart was unable to dominate the market and as a result withdrew in 2006.

Walmart has to deal with negative reputation that stems from its low wages, low prices, and sexual exploitation. Several cases of employee exploitation have been reported. Sex discrimination is rampant in all its stores globally. The issue of sexual exploitation has made it difficult for Walmart to expand to certain countries that have strict cultural values and traditions (Roberts and Berg 33). This issue has caused them management problems that have stalled their expansion program.

Moreover, low wages have created a bad reputation for the retailer. Even though they offer employment to millions of people, their wages are so low that they can hardly sustain workers with big families. The corporation’s management has been reluctant to increase wages. Other problems include strict government regulations in foreign markets, strained relationships with suppliers, cultural differences, and difficulties in acquisition of other businesses (Kneer 31).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Strategic and operational analysis Walmart adapts a low-cost and high volume strategy (Roberts and Berg 45). The basic principle of the strategy is to satisfy customers by offering low prices and exceptional customer service.

The retailer is able to offer low prices because its operating costs are lower than the standard industry costs. Its superior distribution channels give it an advantage over its competitors (Roberts and Berg 46). It is able to achieve exceptional customer service because of low prices, a motivated team of employees, and a highly developed data management system.

The management ensures that the corporation gains market advantage by offering a wide range of products to customers (Roberts and Berg 46). Therefore, Walmart gives an opportunity for customers to do their shopping under one roof. Their operational strategy includes offering their serves in different countries in the world. For example, it operates approximately 4,000 retail stores in the U.S alone.

It is changing its operations strategy by converting some of its retail stores into supermarkets in order to offer a wider range of products (Roberts and Berg 47). In addition, it is expanding its operations by opening small retail stores in urban areas. It has turned to social media and technology to reach out more customers and market its stores.

Ethics and sustainability issues Walmart faces several ethics and sustainability issues. There have been cases of sexual and gender discrimination in several stores across the world. In addition, it has been accused of suppressing employees’ efforts to form unions (Roberts and Berg 55). The management is afraid that if it allows formation of unions, employees will fight to have wages increased. It is unethical to pay low wages despite the high revenue that employees generate for the corporation. Walmart also faces several environmental sustainability issues.

These include offering customers products that support environmental sustainability and conservation, and promoting use of renewable energy (Roberts and Berg 57). It is necessary for the corporation’s management to address these issues in order to guarantee their sustainability in the international market. It has three goals to address its sustainability in the market. These include using renewable energy in its stores, to produce zero waste, and to sell products that do not pollute the environment (Roberts and Berg 58).

Recommendations Walmart should focus its efforts on improving its Human Resource in order to fight the negative image resulting from sexual discrimination. To improve its presence in foreign countries, it should improve its image. An improved image will enable it enter foreign markets easily.

We will write a custom Essay on Walmart Company’s Problems specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This will also involve addressing ethical issues that the corporation encounters. For example, it should consider increasing wages and facilitating formation of unions by employees. Another necessary change would be to focus more on sustainability. Many countries have strict environmental sustainability policies.

The corporation should make sustainability its priority in relation to its operations. Its operations and products should promote environmental conservation and sustainability. Finally, the corporation should consider expanding to smaller regions in order to reach more customers. This could include opening small retail stores in areas populated by low-income earners. This will grow its customer base, improve productivity, and increase revenue and market presence.

Conclusion Walmart is one of the largest retail corporations in the world that has been in existence since 1962. It has faced many challenges and overcome many problems to become the largest private employer in the world. Problems faced by the corporation include negative reputation, environmental sustainability issues, stiff competition, government regulation in foreign markets, and cultural differences. Its operational strategy has enabled it to dominate the retail market for a long time.

Walmart adapts a low-cost and high volume strategy. The basic principle of the strategy is to satisfy customers by offering low prices and exceptional customer service. The retailer offers low prices and quality customer service. Walmart should consider increasing wages, encouraging workers’ unions, and promoting environmental sustainability in its operations. This will effectively enhance its stature as a retail giant in the global market.

Works Cited Kneer, Christian. The Walmart Success Story. New York: GRIN Verlag, 2009. Print.

Roberts, Bryan, and Berg, Natalie. Wal-Mart: Key Insights and Practical Lessons form the World’s Largest Retailer. New York: Kogan Page Publishers, 2012. Print.

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Obligation of Corporations in Environmental Conservation Essay essay help: essay help

In any way we may want to look at the subject of environmental conservation, the fact remains that our lives revolve around the environment in which we stay. Everything around us directly affects the quality of life we lead starting from water to the air we breathe.

However, due to endeavors for economic growth that are being carried out by individuals and companies alike, environmental degradation has become imminent. Natural resources are being exploited in a manner that destroys the environment. Moreover, functions of various corporations have proved to be harmful to the environment. They cause pollution and directly or indirectly cause harm to living things whose life depends on the environment.

The effects of environmental degradation are being felt in various parts of the world. Global warming, Ozone layer depletion and water scarcity are all due to environmental degradation. If care is not taken now, a time will come when it will be too late for any meaningful steps to be initiated as far as environmental conservation is concerned. In this regard, corporations as well as individuals have a role to play in ensuring that the environment in protected not only for the present generation, but also for the future ones.

It is important to note that environmental conservation is very crucial for sustenance of human beings. Natural resources are very crucial not only for economical growth, but also for social development of nations. It is important to note that a country with abundant natural resources has a high potential of developing quickly compared to a country that is not well endowed with natural resources. Unfortunately, natural resources will be exhausted one day if the environment is not conserved (Mullerat

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The Religious and Political Views of the Epic Poem Essay writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Religious Views of Paradise Lost and

Political Views of Paradise Lost

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The poem Paradise Lost by Milton is a piece of art that has been coined wonderfully to pass both political and religious messages. The name Paradise Lost was carefully chosen as a summary of what Milton was talking about in the entire book. According to Sander (64), the way Milton has used diction in this poem, and the way themes come out shows a high level of expertise in this field. The book brings out the historic nature of the creation of mankind.

When man was created, he was supposed to live in heaven with God. He was supposed to enjoy a life free from any toil, pain, death or any other form of suffering. This was what God intended for man. This poem brings this message in a careful and very interesting manner. The poem brings out the cunning nature of Satan. Determined to compete with the power of God, Satan comes out to put a challenge to God. He uses a special creature of God, the mankind.

Paradise Lost skillfully knits religion and politics into one large garment. As Storr (84) observes, Milton has successfully brought together politics and religion into one plate. He has managed to demonstrate that the two are very closely connected. In this poem, it would be easy to see how religion and politics are closely related. From the perspective of Sander (86), some of the facts that are brought out in this poem can either be considered as political or religious.

Depending on the approach one takes in the analysis, major themes may be categorized into the two topics. As this scholar puts it, when the poem is given to a political scientist, he shall see politics on the other hand. On the other hand, when this work is given to a student of religion, he shall see a lot of religious facts. This poem is focused on analyzing the poem Paradise Lost from both the religious and political standpoints.

Religious Views of Paradise Lost and The poem ‘Paradise Lost’ strikes as a religious poem. John Milton brings out the kingdom of God before the fall of man, the process where man fell off with God, and how he was finally sent from Garden of Eden. As Milton says, man was a special creature of God. God considered man a special creature as compared to other creatures.

As such, he was given freedom to rule over other creatures of God. He was given power to eat of all the fruits that were in the Garden of Eden extract the fruit of knowledge. God provided man with everything in the garden. He offered man immortality and every other thing that he would need while in the palace. According to Milton (117), besides any other reason that may exist, one of the reasons why God gave Adam and Eve the instruction not to eat from the fruit was to ensure that mankind obeyed him.

He had created man and offered all that he might need in the Garden of Eden. However, after the rebellion of Satan and other angels who were loyal to him, God wanted to ensure that this special creature do not fall off his glory. He gave the instruction to man in order to ensure that he remained faithful to him. However, it unfortunately happened that Satan had plans against God, and against this special creature of God.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Satan was disguised as a snake, came to Eve and convinced her to eat of the fruit. Milton (78) says that Satan knew that it would be difficult to trick Adam directly. He therefore, chose to use someone who had the capacity to get through to the heart of Adam, and that was Eve. Sure enough, Eve easily fell to Satan’s trick and ate the forbidden fruit. Consequently, Adam was convinced to eat from the fruit of knowledge as demonstrated in the poem.

Milton says:

Of Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast Brought Death into the World, and all our woe with loss of Eden, till one greater Man (1.1.1-4)

Milton says that the decision of man to eat from the fruit of life was disobedience. God had given man all the freedom he would have needed in this kingdom. He only left him with one instruction. The instruction was that he was not to eat from the fruit of knowledge. When man committed this sin, God considered it disobedience. Just like Satan who was his servant but rebelled, God considered man as a special creature who had rebelled against Him. Given his nature, God does not tolerate disobedience.

He banished Satan and all other rebellious angels to hell. Man also had to receive a similar treatment. Milton says that this sin brought death and woe to the world. Besides this, man was sent out of the Garden of Eden. Man, unlike Satan, was never given a heavier punishment of being banished to hell (Fromm 28).

When Satan tricked man through Eve, he knew that God would banish man from paradise to hell. In hell, Satan knew that he would have control over the special creature of God. However, this was not to be. Unlike Satan who was keen to continue fighting God for the control of the heaven and earth, man realized that he had sinned. He humbled himself before God and told him that he appreciated the fact that his actions warranted punishment.

His reactions after sinning shows that man remained loyal to God. He was able to realize that Satan was evil minded and therefore, tricked them to eat from the forbidden fruit. His words and actions reaffirmed his trust and loyalty to God. Even after eating from the fruit of knowledge, man still realized that God was the creator, protector and provider. This was the reason why Satan was hiding from God. He had realized suddenly that they were naked.

We will write a custom Essay on The Religious and Political Views of the Epic Poem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Milton says:

Say first, for Heav’n hides nothing from thy view Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause Mov’d our Grand Parents in that happy State, Favour’d of Heav’n so highly, to fall off From thir Creator, and transgress his Will For one restraint, Lords of the World besides? (2.1.27-32)

Upon realizing that they were naked, Adam and Eve tried to hide their nakedness from God. However, God told them that under the sun, man could not hide anything from him. He had knowledge of every single activity that was taking place in the garden and any other place in the world. God had to punish man although he had admitted his sin. However, the punishment given was not as great as that which was given to the Satan.

He was not sent to hell. He was only sent from paradise where everything was given by God, to the earth where he was expected to toil in order to earn a living. He was sent from heaven where there were no deaths, diseases, sufferings and all other evils witnessed on earth. The life that was offered in heaven would never be seen to man again in all his life on earth. He had rebelled against God. He had listened to the enemy of God, and ate from the forbidden fruit.

Sander (37) says, “Adam and Eve lived a life in paradise where they lacked nothing. They were under the care of God who provided for all their needs till they sinned.” This scholar says that the glory of paradise was taken from man because of the sin. He was sent to earth where he would face evil power determined to destroy him. The animals that he named after their creation, and controlled when in paradise would turn against him, just like he turned against God.

The serpent, which was a harmless creature in paradise, was given ability to bite and kill man given the opportunity. However, God realized that man could not survive if left alone on earth. He therefore maintained his presence through his trusted angels who watched over man.

Milton (56) says that although God sent man out of the garden, he kept a close eye on him to ensure that he was protected from any harm, especially from Satan and his forces. Milton says that following this sin, God considered man a rebellious creature. Because of this rebellion, the paradise was lost forever.

When God created the law to Adam, it was supposed to make him know how he would rule over other creatures that had been bestowed under his watch. Forsyth (29) says that God never gives laws that are oppressive. God loved His creatures Adam and Eve. For this reason, He could not hide from them anything which was good for them. They were God’s favorite creatures. God gave them the garden where they would find everything they needed without any struggle.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Religious and Political Views of the Epic Poem by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More God knew that eating from this fruit would harm them. This is proven when Adam and Eve struggled to hide their nakedness from God. All this time man and woman had been naked, but never realized. They never struggled to hide from God. However, this fruit brings shame, struggle and the need to run away from the presence of God. All these are sufferings that God wanted to save Adam from when he gave him the law.

Political Views of Paradise Lost According to Sander (93), poems are always based on issues about the society. This scholar says that although poems are always fiction as the actions would take place in the mind of the author who will then transfer it into a written art, the actions are always based on facts on the society. Poets would use their skills to bring out specific information about the society in a special way. In this poem, Milton brings out how politics manifests itself in the society.

This is brought from the leadership perspective. In this poem, Milton brings in a case that demonstrates revolution from the leadership. When God created man and woman and placed them in the garden, they were supposed to obey the command given by God. Political perspective comes in when Satan challenges power of God. He convinces man to disobey God and challenge His authority.

Milton says:

Who first seduc’d them to that foul revolt? Th’ infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile Stird up with Envy and Revenge, deceiv’d The Mother of Mankind, what time his Pride Had cast him out from Heav’n, with all his Host Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring To set himself in Glory above his Peers, He trusted to have equal’d the most High (2.1.33-40)

In this extract, two centers of power are shown to be fighting for control. As shown in this extract, Satan, through the serpent, was determined to win over Humankind because it was the most treasured creature of all. He seduced humankind to revolt against God. The extract shows that Satan had developed an empire by joining forces with other rebel angels.

According to Milton (114), Satan formed a very strong kingdom where he was the ruler. In his kingdom, this scholar says that Satan made a great effort to ensure that he fought against the powers of God. He wanted to reign over the world. These two forces have been in constant battle. They are struggling to rule Humanity.

From the extract, Satan was full of envy towards man, and the need to revenge. Man had been considered as the most precious creature that pleased God. By attacking him and making him part ways with God, Satan knew that he would be left to control mankind (Sander 86).

This scholar says that the mission of Satan was to separate man from God so that he would find his way between the two. By manipulating man to disobey God, Satan knew that mankind would be sent away from Heaven where God would offer full protection. However, by managing to separate them, he would have time to attack man with a lot of ease.

According to Sander (86), in a political environment, powers will always clash while trying to determine which power is stronger. Two empires staying side by side will never be at peace until one exerts its authority and proves that it is stronger. In this poem, we are introduced to two kingdoms.

The first Kingdom is headed by God, and has all the angels that remained loyal to God. The second kingdom is headed by Satan, and has various followers who fell from the first kingdom. Satan himself was an angel under the leadership of God (Milton 73). These two kingdoms are fighting to gain control of the kingdom.

Milton says:

That Glory never shall his wrath or might Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace With suppliant knee, and deifie his power, Who from the terrour of this Arm so late Doubted his Empire, that were low indeed, That were an ignominy and shame beneath This downfall; since by Fate the strength of Gods And this Empyreal substance cannot fail, (3.1.110-117)

From this extract, Milton appreciates the existence of the two kingdoms. He appreciates the fact that the two are very strong kingdoms, but with forces pulling in different directions. While God is determined to see a peaceful society, with humanity living within the freedom allowed, and obeying the rules given, Satan is determined to counter this. He challenges God and uses terror to counter the power of God. Milton finally appreciates the fact that God’s empire is actually beyond any failure.

According to Forsyth (116), the war between God and Satan can be viewed from the political perspective. The argument of this scholar is in support of Milton’s Paradise Lost. This scholar says that when Satan was in the same kingdom in heaven under the leadership of God, he believed that the power of God could be challenged. He envied the power of God. This was despite the fact that he was one of the most trusted angels of God.

However, he wanted to be like God. He wanted to experience how it would be as a leader of a given community. He wanted to create a territory where he would be the leader. For this reason, he rebelled from God. This rebellion did not come because God did something that Satan considered outrageous. It is only that Satan was yearning for power. He wanted to reign, just like God.

Storr (56), in his review of the poem ‘Paradise Lost’, says that Milton presents a struggle for power in those early days. This scholar says that the paradise which was lost was actually the ability to enjoy the benefits of being in a superior kingdom.

This scholar further says that during those early days, the rulers based their ruling strategy on rod and stick. Those who obeyed the stronger power would enjoy the benefits that come with it such as staying in paradise where man would not be subjected to any labor and pain. This story clearly demonstrates that disobedience comes with consequences.

Mankind lost the paradise because of the failure to obey God. As such, he was made to suffer. According to Forsyth (47), the poem Paradise Lost is a narration of the events that took place in the Garden of Eden just before man was sent to earth. This scholar says that religion is about obedience. From religious perspective, people have the responsibility to ensure that they follow the laws and all the regulations put in place by God.

When God made the first law and gave it to Adam, it was supposed to guide him within the Garden of Eden. These laws were not meant to oppress him. The law was not meant to make him foolish before other creatures in this Garden. Other than God and His angels, man was the most intelligent animal.

He was given power to control other creatures on the earth. Man lacked nothing within this garden, and was always under tight security. Just like in an earthly kingdom, this kingdom had laws. These laws always help in defining relationship between one man and another, and between man and nature. This is what this law given to Adam was meant for. The law was to help define the relationship that exists between man and nature, and with God.

God knew why the tree’s fruit was never to be eaten by man. Adam had all the reason to obey this law that was defining how he would relate to nature (Shaffer 57). This law was also a sign of how God wanted Adam to behave with Him. Disobeying this law was a disobedience to God who created the law. Just like in a kingdom, such a behavior could not go unpunished. Being banished from the Garden of Eden was the punishment given.

Conclusion The epic poem ‘Paradise Lost’ by John Milton presents a story of how man came to fall off from paradise. The poem skillfully knits together religion and politics into one garment. Satan is seen determined to challenge the power of God. He fights God directly, but realizes that that is dangerous. He then chooses to fight God through His special creature, man. Again he realizes that man is very loyal to God, and would not disobey Him if he was to approach him.

Canning as he was, Satan found his way into the Garden of Eden. He sneaks into this garden in the form of a snake. Using his oratory skills, Satan manages to convince Eve to eat from the forbidden fruit. Eve goes ahead to eat the fruit without realizing that this is an act of rebellion against God. She takes some to Adam who also eats this fruit of knowledge. They suddenly realize that they were naked, and hide their nakedness from God when they heard him enter the garden. As a result, man is sent to earth from the Garden of Eden.

He is relieved of all the privileges that he enjoyed while he was loyal to the kingdom of God. Now that he had listened to the Kingdom of Satan, he had to experience the suffering that comes with this kingdom. He was to toil in order to eat. He had to protect himself from wild animals in order to survive. He was assigned various tasks that were strenuous just because of this sin. Paradise was lost, and lost forever. He had to stay on earth with all its challenges. This is the message that this epic poem by John Milton brings out.

Works Cited Forsyth, Holly. Gardens of Eden: Among the World’s Most Beautiful Gardens. Carlton, Miegunyah Press, 2009. Print.

Fromm, Erich. On Being Human. New York: Continuum, 1994. Print.

Milton, John. Paradise Lost. London: Vintage Classic, 1758. Print.

Sander, Theresa. Approaching Eden: Adam and Eve in Popular Culture. Lanham: Rowman

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Philosophy: David Hume Views on Cause and Effect Essay online essay help: online essay help

According to Hume, it is impossible to possess information about effect and cause. On the contrary, human beings can only possess knowledge regarding opinions. According to the Treatise of Human Nature, Hume asserts that each belief that is subject to justification should be either a matter of fact or relation of ideas. Relation of ideas involves a statement related to reason or mathematics.

Matter of fact can be ascertained through the experiences that human beings go through. According to Hume, all knowledge is as a result of the primary units related to sensory experiences.

Hume asserts that the basic impressions result to simple ideas. Therefore, complicated ideas are as a result of positioning simple ideas (Smith 82). Justifying that a belief is basically knowledge entails defining the impressions that form the foundation of the idea. A majority of the metaphysical ideas do not warrant justification using the strategies proposed by Hume. This implies that there is a close connection between matter of fact and relation of ideas.

According to Hume, human beings hold three beliefs that are unjustifiable. The first unjustifiable belief is concerned with causation ideas from where the global causation principle is derived. In this regard, there are several causes that lead to an event. Making predictions is possible as a result of the global causation principle.

It is imperative to assume an induction principle so as to be able to make a prediction (Smith 65). This involves the belief that the previous nature laws will prevail in the future. There is also an argument that there is an external material or physical world whose existence is independent of human being’s concepts and impressions.

Similar to Berkeley, Hume denies the intelligence associated with substance notions. However, Hume never develops a metaphysical arrangement. On the contrary, his stand is wholly skeptical. Hume asserts that reasoning has a solid foundation on causation.

Therefore, there is a principal concern to link distinct ideas so as to develop a single belief. It is impossible for causation to be as a result of matter of fact or relation of ideas. This is attributed to the fact that human beings elaborate events and experiences using the previous occurrences. In addition, they can use the experiences that other people went through.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is impossible to recognize specific effects and causes through the use of reason. On the contrary, experience is the only key thing. For instance, after seeing the sun rising from the East, human beings may assume that it will always rise from the East. However, in case a person has never seen the sun rising, it is impossible to know what to expect. Hence, it worth emphasizing that effect and cause are dependent on previous experiences (Smith 45).

It is impossible for the effect and cause idea to be equivalent to relation of ideas. This is attributed to the fact that reasoning alone is inadequate the reveal the effects and causes associated with a particular occurrence. It is impossible for the causation idea to be a matter of fact since it cannot be revealed through the use of perception.

Therefore, the effect and causation idea has to originate from previous experiences. In addition, it is imperative that two experiences are linked so as to have a solid connection. There exists no demonstrative reasoning that can assist in justifying future predictions.

Works Cited Smith, Norman. The Philosophy of David Hume. London: Macmillian, 1941. Print.

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Business Environment in Germany Report best essay help: best essay help

Germany is a country in central Europe with a population of more than 82 million and is considered one of the largest countries of the region. It is a highly developed democratic society with the majority of population practicing Christian religion. It is divided into 16 administrative-territorial regions.

The economy is developing rapidly with an average salary per person being approximately 40000 US dollars. The majority of the population is German and the predominant views and culture are largely European. The capital is Berlin and the current president of the Federation is Angela Merkel. The people have the power to elect the government officials by voting. The political system of the country is divided into federal and regional.

The local governments make it easy to decide what specific laws must be changed or accepted. Germany is very much involved in the peacemaking initiatives all over the world and takes part in anti-terrorism efforts. The country is very much oriented on the service industry but is also well known for its production. It is considered a post industrial country focusing on shipbuilding, electro technical and chemical development (Taberner 57).

It does not have any many natural resources but is rich with coal. The infrastructure is modernized with railroad being one of the major transport systems. Even though it consumes a great part of European energy, the government is planning to move forward with natural energy sources, such as wind, sun, hydro and any other renewable sources. The official language is German but there are several variations in dialects depending on the region.

One of the strongest parts of German culture is the constitution and the acknowledgment of human rights. The Second World War has put a great dent in the nation, as well as the reputation throughout the world but currently, Germany is thought of as one of the advancing nations.

It is also paying off the debt to the countries that were involved in the war, which shows the high level or responsibility and development. The nation is very much oriented to unite all the citizens and industries. The economical spheres of finances, municipal services, logistics and sales were advanced to include common administration and goals.

The high level of life provides people with an advanced social protection through medical, accidents insurance and high pensions. The work environment is very effective for both managers and employees. Insurance funds are being constantly created which guarantees equal rights to all workers. This is very beneficial for all who want to do business, as all necessary conditions are provided.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More German culture is very diverse and no one is forced to participate in anything against their will. Every region and city has its unique set of traditions and differences are very much welcomed. Full freedom of the person is aligned with the political correctness of the nation and this enables people to feel the security and support of the government. Education is on a very high level with every region making its own adjustments (Schroll-Machl 102).

This gives power to the system to select what is best for the community adhering to the standards and unique nature of the population. Sciences are developing with an increased pace and the quest for knowledge is thought to be one of the major focuses of the nation. Overall, Germany has all the conditions for life and development of businesses.

Works Cited Schroll-Machl, Sylvia. Doing Business with Germans: Their Perception, Our Perception. Bristol, United States: Vandenhoeck

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Masafi Water Company and Al Ain Water Company Report essay help

The researchers from Worldwatch institute have found out that the consumption of bottled water has gone up to approximately 40% (Wait, 2008).There have been various reasons for this consumption such as, climatic change, raised living standard and population growth etc. According to Saleem, particularly, in Middle East, the consumption of bottled water from 2003 to 2008 has become double (Wait, 2008).

Masafi Company: The establishment of Masafi Company happened in 1976 and now it is a leading company having a strong distribution network globally (Masafi, n.d.). The mineral water is natural which is collected from the mountains of Ras Al Khaima (Masafi Marketing Audit Presentation, 2012).

The rich underground springs of Masafi are the resources for this superior quality bottled water. The company’s use of Poly Ethylene Terephatalate (PET) for packaging can be observed as company’s commitment for the conservation of the environment. The PET bottling plant that has a capacity of producing 34,000 bottles in an hour is well equipped with the advance technology (Masafi: The Leading Producer of the Bottled Mineral Water in the Gulf, n. d.).

Al Ain Mineral Water Company: Masafi’s big competitor is Al Ain Mineral Water Company. In the local UAE market it is the great challenge for Masafi. Al Ain Mineral Water Company has met the standards set by the US Food and Drug Administration. It has been awarded HAACP certificate in 2002.

This company started in the year 1990. Its plant is located in Al Ain city where underground springs of natural, pure, mineral water are in abundance (Field, 2007).

Agthia, the owner of the brand Al Ain Mineral Water has expanded its distribution channels to enhance the growth of their bottled water business. The chief executive of the group, Ilias Assimakopoulos says, “We believe that the water business has quite a growth movement in the UAE, especially in the Northern Emirates, which is the key growth opportunity for us” (Duncan, 2012 Para 4).

The brand name ‘Al Ain’ is popular in the markets of UAE for the fine quality of its pure and natural water that is collected from the untouched Al Ain springs. Al Ain water is primarily sold in the UAE markets and only a small percentage is exported to the adjoining GCC markets (Field, 2007).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Al Ain Water laboratory use up-to-date equipment for testing water and packaging material to certify the good quality of the product (Al Ain, n.d.).

Comparison: The quality of water is analyzed on the basis of minerals present in it. Also, it is important to check the quality of the plastic of the bottles used for packaging and observe if no chemicals are used for the cleaning of the bottles when they go on the water dispenser (Drinking Water, 2013).

The following picture is the chemical analysis of bottled water brands in the UAE:

Source: FooDiva, 2011

As per the norms NHS has set some standards of using Sodium which should be less than 200 mg per liter and sulphate should not be present more than 250 mg per liter.

Al Ain water has 8mg per liter sodium and 5 mg sulphate present in the bottled water. Masafi has 10mg/liter sodium and 19mg/liter sulphate in its bottled water (Drinking Water, 2013).

Manufacturing of Masafi and Al Ain Water:

We will write a custom Report on Masafi Water Company and Al Ain Water Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The resource of Masafi water is the mountain and this is why the water is rich in minerals. The water is collected through many pipes and funnels which are connected to the bottling plant. This plant is generally situated in the nearby area. With the help of the pipes the water is collected and then it is pumped out for filtration.

The water resource and production manager, Pankag Naik describes the procedure that a firmly controlled filtering system carries water through the filters and 0.03-micro-filters in a cooled state. During this final inspection, if something goes wrong, the alarms go off and the procedure is stopped by shutting down the plant. For making the bottles, a small bottle is made first with a little white ball and then it is heated to make it 8cm long.

The next step is to fill the bottles, which is done by fixing the bottles on a conveyer belt with their necks dangling and passed to the the other room where the process of filling water in the bottles takes place. Water is filled into the bottles with high-pressure jet. A 500 ml bottle is filled within 3 seconds. The whole procedure takes place automatically. People are there only to supervise the work. The production is higher during the summer season because of the increased demand of water (Harnan, 2010).

Source: Masafi presentation for Central Europe, 2010, p.22

Source: Masafi presentation for Central Europe, 2010, p.22

The process of making mineral water is different for Al Ain Water Company. The stainless pipes are used for carrying water. Through these pipes the water is carried from the natural springs to the tanks. The tanks are totally made for water storage. Water is taken directly from the source and pumped to the bottling facility. It reduces the risks of contamination that is normally caused during handling and transportation procedure.

Here, bottles and cups are molded by heating PET and then transferred on conveyor belts to get rinsed and filled. Thereafter, these bottles are capped and labeled. The bottles and cups are packed in cartons and stored in the warehouse.

To promote bulk buying and provide convenient handling, Al Ain Water has recently started using plastic shrink-wrapping for sets of bottles (Emirates food stuff and mineral water company, n.d.)

Not sure if you can write a paper on Masafi Water Company and Al Ain Water Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Source: Emirates foodstuff and mineral water company, n.d. p.19

Production Line and designing of Masafi and Al Ain water: Masafi has earned its name as brand for packaged mineral water. FMCG industry Masafi has been working for 35 years and has volunteered into the field of flavoured water, chips, tissues and rice. Company’s focus on distinctiveness and superior business quality and the idea to deliver better quality products and meet the global quality standards has made it popular in the region (Masafi, n.d.).

The PET bottles are used for designing and packaging of Masafi mineral water. They are made of plastic but actually the plastic element is 23 percent less in making these bottles. This bottled water is safe and healthy (Masafi Marketing Audit Presentation, 2012).

A new technology has been introduced by the name of oxo-biodegradable technology. In this technology a little amount of metal salts are added to plastics to accelerate the degradation of the plastic in explicit environmental situations (Lukwaro, 2010).

Oxo-Biodegradable Shrink Wrap: this shrink wrap is environmental friendly and it is the first of its kind introduced by Masafi in this industry.

Source: Masafi presentation for Central Europe, 2010, (p.32)

When Al Ain Water started its commercial production with only one bottle line but at present it produces eight different sizes of bottled water products and water cups. The company is provided with ISO 9001 certification. It also produces PET bottle pre-forms for other bottling companies and ice blocks.

Source: Al Ain bottled water, n.d. Para 4

There are two types of formats of 330 ml glass bottle which is offered by Al Ain Water Company: still and sparkling. This exclusive bottle is available in eight designs. Al Ain Water Company has also introduced 5-gallon pack for Abu Dhabi and Al Ain region as per the demands of the local people.

Quality control of Masafi and Al Ain Company: Masafi is very keen in improving its quality control. For which it conducts its internal auditing. It also conducts customers’ survey program to get their feedback.

Al Ain Water Company is also adamant to follow the standards for quality control. The inspection of the water wells takes place periodically to check contamination. Besides the internal quality control procedure, Al Ain Water gets the quality check done by its guarantor, Vittel of France (Owned by Nestle Waters) once in a month.

Conclusion Though Masafi has secured the top most company place among the bottled mineral water companies all over the UAE, yet AL Ain Water Company seems to be a great challenge for Masafi by showing a speedy growth. It has become in a dominant position especially in Abu Dhabi and Al Ain regions.

Works Cited Al Ain bottled water. Web.

Drinking Water 2013. Web.

Duncan, Gillian, Profits flow for Agthia with bottled water rise. 2012. Web.

Emirates foodstuff and mineral water company. Web.

Field, Roger, Water producer taps brand potential. 2007. Web.

Foo Diva 2011. Web.

Harnan, Eugine, “Masafi from the source to market.” The National. 2010. Web.

Lukwaro, Gureni, “Masafi introduces plastic that degrades in two years.” The National. 2010. Web.

Masafi. Web.

Masafi Marketing Audit Presentation 2012. Web.

Masafi: The Leading Producer of the Bottled Mineral Water in the Gulf. Web.

Masafi presentation for Central Europe 2010. Web.

Wait, Isaac 2008, Changing Perceptions: Water Quality and Demand in the United Arab Emirates. Web.

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The Issue of Privacy Report college application essay help: college application essay help

Privacy is the concern of many Americans. In his article “Privacy Is Overrated”, David Plotz presents his vision of the issue of privacy in the American society. The author starts with listing the aspects about his private life which cannot be hidden and can be checked by any company or person. However, Plotz belongs to the minority of people who perceive this fact as normal and do not suffer from the ‘privacy paranoia’ (Plotz).

The author is not preoccupied with the aspect of privacy in contrast to many other people who care about the intrusion into privacy. Plotz focuses on several ways in relation to which authorities and companies can realize intrusion into privacy. The author pays attention to the Defense Department’s Office of Total Information Awareness which intends to record the confidential data to prevent terroristic acts. People are against the procedure.

However, Plotz states that this concern is based on hypocrisy paranoia when people protect their personal data, but they also want to know personal information about the others. Thus, the author lists several flaws of privacy focusing on benefits of lack of privacy. Companies really do not care about people’s personal life but they are ignorant. Moreover, crimes can be fought. Plotz concludes that lack of privacy leads to openness, but not to intrusion into privacy (Plotz).

It is possible to agree with the position of the author on the issue of privacy because the lack of confidentiality and privacy is the characteristic feature of the modern world and it is rather difficult to oppose to the well-developed system of recording the personal data at the governmental level with references to privacy protection movements. The next reason to support the idea presented by Plotz is the fact that a lot of recorded and stored data are used by many companies to make the everyday routine activities of the Americans easier and make the life more convenient. Furthermore, one more point is the fact that the lack of privacy in the form of using street cameras, computer search programs, and available credit histories is significant for the effective work of police or other law enforcement agencies.

People’s complaints about the lack of privacy became typical today. However, many persons begin to understand the advantages of the situation. That is why, it is rather irrational to oppose the tendency which became the modern reality, especially when the lack of privacy provides a lot of benefits for the development of the American society.

Moreover, referring to Plotz’s idea that many people want to check the personal data and story of their baby-sitters, it is possible to state that the Americans accepted the possibility to check the data related to the other people, and they are ready to use the advantages of this opportunity, but people are rather hypocritical in relation to their own private information.

Plotz also develops the idea of openness as the concept opposite to privacy (Plotz). From this perspective, openness cannot be threatening for people, but it can contribute to uniting the society.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Every day millions of Americans buy different goods and products using markets and online resources. It is rather easier when companies propose their customers goods according to their personal preferences and can save their time and money proposing appropriate variants. These services are possible if a lot of private information is gathered and analyzed in order to respond to the customers’ expectations. The lack of privacy is the necessary stage in the development of modern consumerist society.

From this point, people’s everyday routine activities become less time-consuming and more effective. In reality, companies are oriented to using the stored data for their business purposes (Goshgarian). Thus, companies do not develop strategies to intrude into the lives of clients to do harm. Moreover, such companies can prevent doing any harm to the persons’ finances when the unusual financial activities are observed.

The next advantage of availability of information which was discussed as confidential earlier is its role for police and other law enforcement agencies. To find a criminal, policemen investigate the volumes of personal information and identify personalities of criminals. Moreover, the systems which are used to gather and store personal information can also work to contribute to the legal procedures.

Thus, the new approach when personal data should be available to law enforcement agencies can be discussed as advantageous to fight terrorism and crime. In spite of the fact a lot of people state that the usage of the recorded private data can be discussed as intrusion into privacy and the violation of definite laws on confidentiality, these people are ready to agree with the actions of authorities when the access to private information is necessary for them to assist in overcoming definite problems.

Looking at the issue from the other perspective, it is possible to agree that authorities and law enforcement agencies gather the private data not to limit and control people, but to regulate the order and protect the society.

Works Cited Goshgarian, Gary. What Matters in America. New York: Longman, 2010. Print.

Plotz, David. “Privacy Is Overrated”. GQ: Gentlemen’s Quarterly 71.9 (2001): 224-225. Print.

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American Detective Novel Comparison Essay essay help site:edu

In life, we often find ourselves being confronted by our past events and choices. Circumstances may force us to tackle with issues that test our love and loyalty for both our family members and friends. This paper seeks to compare two American detective novels. The two novels are The Black Dahlia by James Ellroy and Mystic River by Dennis Lehane.

Through the comparison, the paper will illustrate the similarities between the two novels and highlight on how everything returned to where they started. The article will pinpoint that in The Black Dahlia even as time passes crime continues to be resolved where it began. In Mystic River, even after 25 years the story unravels right where it began.

A major similarity between the two novels is that everything returns to where they started. In The Black Dahlia, even as time passes crime continues to be resolved where it began. During the introductory part of this book, the author introduced two police officers trapped in the Zoot Suit Riots (Ellroy 12). Bleichert was on a mission to save Lee Blanchad.

Later, the two police officers managed to arrest a wanted criminal and sought asylum in an abandoned residence as the riots escalated. At the onset of the novel, the two officers were not working for the same department. As such, Blanchad was a sergeant while Bleichert was a road patrol officer. Some few years later, Bleichert was transferred to work together with Blanchad at the homicide warrant department. While working together, Bleichert met with Kay who leaved with his friend. Later, Kay and Bleichert were engaged.

In the year 1947, the two officers were appointed to investigate on a murder case of Elizabeth Short. During this investigation, Bleichert met with a young girl who looked alike with Elizabeth Short.

It was not long before the two had an affair. While Bleichert was having an affair with the mistress, his relationship with Lee and Kay deteriorated. It was not long before Lee began consuming Benzedrine, which made him to behave unpredictably. Later, Lee confronted with his bosses and disappeared. On the same period, Bleichert did not only break up with her mistress and Kay but also messed up with his assignment.

Because of this, he was demoted from the department. After being demoted, Bleichert embarked on a mission to trace Lee. When he later learned of Lee’s fate, he returned to the town to restore the deteriorating relationship with Kay. It was during this period that he was transferred to work as a lab technician. As a lab technician, he was able to unravel the mysteries of the death of Elizabeth Short and disappearance of Lee.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As the novel ends, the author notes that Bleichert had gotten back with Kay who was by then pregnant. Through the above illustrations, it is apparent that as time passed the crime was eventually resolved where it began. Equally, through the above illustrations we note that everything returned to its original state. As such, Bleichert broke up with his mistress and got back to her wife. In the same way, the murderer of Elizabeth Short was traced back to Los Angeles.

In the novel Mystic River, even after 25 years, the story unravels right where it began. At the onset of the book, the author introduces to the readers three little boys (Lehane 9).

The boys are later separated after Sean Divine was abducted and raped by pedophiles. Twenty-five years after the incident, Divine had become a homicide detective. On the other hand, Jimmy was an ex-convict who operated a store in the town. The third person by the name Dave was already married and exhibited physiological challenges. The three people were finally united after the murder of Jimmy’s daughter.

Following the death, Divine was appointed to investigate on the murder case. Later, Divine and Jimmy engaged in a disagreement because of the investigations. On the night of the murder, the author notes that Dave arrived home covered in human blood. Through the above illustrations, it is apparent how things returned to their original state. The three friends were united back in Boston through the date of Jimmy’s daughter.

Another similarity between the two books is that the two books focus on the lives of police detectives. As such, in the novels the main characters are police officers who are after resolving mysteries about some crimes in their towns. In the book The Black Dahlia, Ellroy narrates a thrilling story about a constable who has been assigned to investigate the murder of a young girl. With time, the constable becomes so eager to unravel the facts of the young girl’s short life and the causes of her murder.

Through this, the constable is forced to tackle with hard truths about the girl’s relationship. In the book Mystic River, Lehane narrates a fascinating story about a detective who has been assigned to investigate the murder of the death of Jimmy Marcus’ daughter. Just like the detective in the novel The Black Dahlia, Sean Devine investigations untie some facts that force the investigator to face up to his past.

Another similarity that exists between the two books is that they lead to frustrating conclusions. During the introductory parts of these books, the authors illustrate the main characters living together in harmony. Since the two books revolve around detectives, readers will expect the detectives in the two books to solve their cases successfully.

We will write a custom Essay on American Detective Novel Comparison specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Similarly, the readers expect that at the end of the novels the detectives will be satisfied with their investigations. In contracts, the two novels conclude while the detectives are yet to find themselves in agreement with their hardest realities. The Black Dahlia, concludes while Bleichert’s life was in a complete mess.

He had not only been obsessed with his investigations but also with the beauty of the murder victim. In the final chapter, the author notes that Bleichert kept wondering how Elizabeth murder had disrupted their lives. This implies that the novel ended on a sad note. In the novel Mystic River, Devine tries to enforce law and order in his town in vain.

Instead, his ambitions push him to unravel some mysteries from the past. Through these mysteries, Divine loyalty and trust for the family is tested. Just as in the other novel, readers would expect the novel to end on a happy note after the case has been solved and the suspects apprehended. However, the book ends on a sad note. In the last chapter, readers will note that each revelation in the case has been destructive. Notably, the book ended while Divine was more confused than at the beginning of the investigations.

Works Cited Ellroy, James. The black dahlia. New York: Mysterious Press, 1987. Print.

Lehane, Dennis. Mystic River. New York: William Morrow, 2001. Print.

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