Barton Case Study College Application Essay Help

Assessment of the Financial Position and Performance of the Barton Firm In order to assess the financial position and financial performance of the Barton engine business, it is important to consider carefully the ratio analysis of the company, as it assists comparisons, simplifies financial-statement, aids the top-management to recognize whether the business’s financial position is enhancing or worsening by showing a yearly-trend, evaluates the long-term financial aptitude, and operating efficiency.

To conduct the ratio analysis of this firm, the focus should be on analyzing total current ratio, gross profit margin, net profit margin, and quick ratio or asset test ratio for three years (1999, 2000, and 2001), and compare between these ratios in order to come into a conclusion about Barton firm’s financial situation.

Ratio Analysis for the Barton Firm

Total Current Ratio

(Total Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities)

Total Current Ratio 1999 2000 2001 24297 / 16711 23255 / 16232 24159 / 15338 1.454 1.433 1.575 Table 1: Total Current Ratio for Three Financial Years of Barton Engine

Source: Self-generated from Barton Case Study

Current ratio is a common and quick evaluation of liquidity of Barton firm, as it shows the margin of safety or cushion accessible to the creditors; moreover, it is an index for Barton’s financial stability and practical solvency and a directory of the strength of its working capital. As shown in the table 1, from 1999 to 2000, there has been a slow increase in the current ratio of Barton (1.454 in 1999, 1.433 in 2000, and 1.575 in 2001).

As this kind of rise in the ratio demonstrates the enhancement of the liquidity position of the business, it is notable that the liquidity position of Barton had a slow development over these three years. On the other hand, if there was a decline in the current ratio, it was quite natural that the liquidity position of the business has worsened with time and that it should improve in order to have better position.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gross Profit Margin

(Gross Profit Margin = Gross Profit / Revenue from Sales X 100)

Gross Profit Margin 1999 2000 2001 26438 / 125950 x 100 24350 / 118175 x 100 21130 / 110000 x 100 20.991% 20.605% 19.209% Table 2: Gross Profit Margin for Three Financial Years of Barton Engine

Source: Self-generated from Barton Case Study

The gross profit margin is the proportion of the turnover, which a business preserves following the direct-expenses linked to generating the materials traded throughout a certain period; moreover, a rising profit margin means that the firm has good pricing strategy (it is able to lift prices with small or no effect on sales) or that it possess a rising productivity.

However, as illustrated in table 2, there has been a substantial decrease in the gross profit margin from 1999 to 2000, which were consecutively 20.991%, 20.605%, and 19.209% – decreasing margin could indicate that variable costs have risen while selling price has remained constant; it could also mean that Barton has cut prices to make an augmentation in sales.

Net Profit Margin

(Net Profit Margin = Net Profit / Revenue from Sales X 100)

Net Profit Margin 1999 2000 2001 271 / 125950 x 100 – 236 / 118175 x 100 – 1855 / 110000 x 100 0.216% – 0.199% – 1.69% Table 3: Net Profit Margin for Three Financial Years of Barton Engine

We will write a custom Report on Barton Case Study specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Source: Self-generated from Barton Case Study

High net profit margin ratio shows how successful the firm is at changing sales into profit, and that the firm is capitalizing on some competitive-advantage, which can give it some additional capability and suppleness throughout the difficult financial periods; conversely, low net margin means the firm is not generating enough sales or it is not keeping your operating-expenses under control.

Throughout 1999, 2000, and 2001, it is notable that the net profit margin has decreased so much that it took on a negative figure (0.216% in 1999, – 0.199% in 2000, and – 1.69% 2001). Such a decline in the net profit margin ratio throughout the three stated financial years might point out cost binges, which necessitate competence development; the Barton firm, having a low ratio, might need to take on debt to pay its expenses.

Quick Ratio or Asset Test Ratio

(Quick Ratio (Asset Test Ratio) = (Current Assets-Inventory) / Current Liabilities)

Quick Ratio (Asset Test Ratio) 1999 2000 2001 (24297 – 8228) / 16711 (23255 – 8066) / 16232 (24159 – 11683) / 15338 0.962 0.936 0.813 Table 4: Quick Ratio (Asset Test Ratio) for Three Financial Years of Barton Engine

Source: Self-generated from Barton Case Study

Asset test ratio would decline while cash or accounts obtainable balances reduce, devoid of an equivalent diminish in current liabilities, or boost in a current liability devoid of an equivalent boost in cash or accounts obtainable (for example, cash spent to buy fixed assets, cash spent to give off a long term debt, or cash spent to disburse dividends).

In 1999, 2000, and 2001, the asset test ratio diminished respectively by 0.962, 0.936, and 0.813, which shows Barton had a small liquidity ratio demonstrating that the firm’s liquidity position has needed further amplification.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Barton Case Study by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Suggestions for Ms. Payne Regarding the Financial Situation

It is very important for Ms. Payne to provide a closer observation to improve the gross profit margin. This is achievable by two ways, either by augmenting the sales revenue when keeping the cost of sales the same, or by lowering the cost of sales, when upholding the same level of sales revenue.

It is essential to note that Barton firm had an increase in its current ratio throughout the three years. However, in order to further enhance its current ratio and liquidity position, Ms. Payne should try to bring more cash into the balance sheet either by selling the under used assets, increasing loan capital and long term borrowings, or postponing intended investments.

Moreover, the chief financial officer should also focus on raising the gross profit, or lowering the expenses and overheads. This will develop Barton’s net profit, which in turn will help it to enhance the net profit margin.

According to table 4, the quick ratio or asset test ratio of the Barton firm has lowered constantly in 1999, 2000, and 2001. In order to enhance Barton’s asset test ratio, Ms. Payne should focus on two things, firstly, operate at increasing sales from the existing asset base, and secondly, sell of under utilized assets profitably, so that the sales figure has divided by a lower asset total.

SWOT Analysis of Barton Engine Works Co Figure 1: SWOT Analysis of Barton Engine Works Co

Source: self generated


The internal strengths of Barton Engine are its glorious history, brand image, human resources, and performance of few departments, customer vase in the US market, and so on.

Brand Awareness: Barton Engine Works Co had strong brand awareness for its consumer oriented five horsepower engine market;

Employees: this company was the largest employer of the Barton County and it had more than 400 employees;

Performance: According to the Barton Case Study, Earl and his engineering department’s little customer engine business is doing well. In addition, Earl stated that there is no immediate risk of losing the customer “Mulch


The Difficulties Asian Students at the English Class Dissertation essay help online: essay help online

Background Language acquisition is the complex process of a teacher’s and a learner’s activity, which should function in accord and concurrence. Undoubtedly, during mastering the particular language, there arises a range of problems of different nature, which the potential foreign language speaker has to face and overcome alone or with the teacher’s help.

These problems emerge at different spheres of language acquisition process, one of which is profoundly analyzed in this paper. In particular, the latter is focused on oral activity of the foreign language learner, the difficulties he or she has to face during foreign language production.

As far as ‘language is for speaking’, not merely grammar and structure knowledge, it is highly desirable to develop the oral predisposition to foreign language at the first place. [Wharton Pepper, 2000]

There is a necessity to mention that oral language production, in comparison with written, for example, has peculiar features. Moreover, in case of mastering foreign language oral production, the process of learning would constitute not merely of ‘studying the language’ (considering language structure, grammar, etc).

To reach success in speaking foreign language, one has to take into consideration either personal psychological peculiarities. This is due to the fact that oral activity is never introspective, it is directly connected to contact with other people and immediate interaction.

Hence, while dealing with oral language production difficulties, foreign language teacher is obliged to take a reasonable range of aspects into consideration. In addition to general language knowledge, personal predispositions of a foreign language learner, a teacher should also ponder on such factors as nationality, age, social status, etc.

This study is built over one of the aspects which influence the language acquisition in terms of oral production. Thus, this paper is devoted to investigating the difficulties Asian students face at the English class while managing oral language production.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Further, on defining the nature of these difficulties, the research discusses the alternative strategies that a foreign language teacher may apply in order to motivate and encourage a student to speak English efficiently.

During analyzing the problems Asian students have while being engaged in speaking activity, the preliminary research should be conducted into the components which constitute Asian conscience, i.e. the culture of Asian peoples.

By Raymond Williams, culture encompasses the following elements:

a general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development;

a particular way of life, whether of a people, a period, group, or humanity in general;

the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity. [Williams, 1976]

Stuart Hall defines culture as “the actual grounded terrain of practices, representations, languages and customs of any specific society”. [Hall, 1996]

These components accomplish essential influence on the model of the whole teaching-learning process, which creates the basic conception of education in general. Hence, in order to acquire deep understanding of the subject, the researcher makes and expedition into the Asian cultural peculiarities.

Firstly, the position of a teacher in Asian culture is utterly dominant over the student. The information a teacher provides is unquestionable and is frequently not subjected to discussion but represented mainly to be accepted and memorized.

This, through a long time, has developed the tradition of being patient and silent at the class, totally different from the policy of communicative learning procedure which is being widely applied in educational establishments.

We will write a custom Dissertation on The Difficulties Asian Students at the English Class specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, the Asian culture is patriarchal; it is following the established hierarchy of society, which is defined according to the age and social status. Hence, a teacher as a person considerably older than a student is not likely to tolerate any contradiction or disrespect.

The fact that a teacher is a center of learning process reflects negatively on the students’ ability to perceive information and to operate knowledge as, for example, in language learning. Becoming fluent in foreign language requires constant participation and interaction, which is an unfamiliar practice for an Asian student.

In general, the thorough analyses of Asian societies indicate that the collective tradition constitutes the basis of Asian culture. Unlike individualistic societies, collective mentality prevents the change to occur, in particular considering the alterations in the methods and techniques of teaching foreign languages.

When applied synthetically, e.g. through the authority, the students would nonetheless accept the mode of learning process as violation of established norms. Hence, the education reform in learning foreign languages would not be accomplished without the change in society conscience.

Lastly, there is a cultural preconception, that foreign language contravenes national identity of a person and this prejudice, stemming already from the genetic level, is either the obstacle to acquiring fluency in foreign language.

Thus, considering the factors mentioned above, these are the main premises to inducing reluctance, reticence, and passive role of an Asian student in foreign language learning process. The considerable amount of observations states that Asian learners experience high anxiety level during foreign language speaking activity in class.

Hence, this study is going to investigate the motivation techniques and encouragement strategies in order to facilitate the acquisition of English speaking skills among Asian students. The paper will either consider the perception of the students concerning these strategies and discuss the most preferable ways of class structure that Asian students define.

Purpose of the Study The aim of this study is to define the peculiarities of perception of motivation strategies and encouragement techniques of English speaking activity by 30 Asian foreign language learners at the University of Edinburg.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Difficulties Asian Students at the English Class by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moreover, the investigation is constructed to determine the differences in perceptions of the strategies by foreign language teacher and by Asian students, for the effect carried by the practice of these strategies may differ from the expected result.

Hence, the work has a purpose of developing understanding and awareness of the prerogatives of the students, which can consciously relate about reasons for their attitude to the techniques applied.

Naturally, the development of these strategies demands preliminary investigation into the difficulties the Asian speakers have during English learning process, particularly, the oral English language production. Thus, the strategies will be the reflection of students’ speaking difficulties and will have the purpose of inducing students to speak English freely and fluently.

The study aims not only at investigating the perception of the students towards the strategies applied, but also at conducting a research into preferable modes of studying. The research has a purpose to define the structure and activities of the class that the Asian English learners appreciate.

The conclusions are to serve a hint to development of effective methodology of working with Asian students. There is also a potential to define innovative ‘universal’ motivation strategies at the language class, which may foster foreign language acquisition.

Research Questions and Methodology

The research questions should be set in accordance with the purposes of the study, for only through the correctly constructed questions the purpose of the investigation will be realized. Hence, the research questions of this study are as follows:

What are Asian EFL learners’ perceptions about speaking English in the classroom?

What strategies did the teacher use to motivate and encourage Asian EFL learners to speak in English in the classroom?

What teacher did in the mode of learning / classroom environment that could help Asian EFL learners to speak English freely in the classroom?

The research questions mentioned above are managed through the qualitative investigation approach, which includes a questionnaire and observation as the most effective methods of qualitative research in collecting data and analyzing it.

Lincoln and Guba “posit that trustworthiness of a research study is important to evaluating its worth.” [Lincoln and Guba, 1985] Trustworthiness involves establishing credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability.

Credibility states for “confidence in the ‘truth’ of the findings”, transferability “shows that the findings have applicability in other contexts”, dependability “showing that the findings are consistent and could be repeated”, and confirmability indicates “a degree of neutrality or the extent to which the findings of a study are shaped by the respondents and not researcher bias, motivation, or interest”.

[Lincoln and Guba, 1985] The complexity of carrying out qualitative research consists in following these four aspects that define the validity of the process and the outcomes of particular investigation. Constant attention to keeping these standards, naturally, requires effort and thoroughness from the side of a researcher.

Undoubtedly, as far as the subject of investigation is not the phenomenon that can be measured and analyzed purely quantitatively, the research results will have predispositions to higher degree of subjectivity.

However, the chosen methods enable to hold a complex multilateral research, for the researcher is able to manage the analyses through different angles of view simultaneously, which is very important for issues as language acquisition.



Formulae One Constructors Essay (Critical Writing) college essay help near me

Background of the case The case is about motor sports formulae one competition that has been dominated by different companies as sponsors; the case dwells on three main companies that have had contrasting management approach with the sole aim of earning high financial and reputational rewards associated with the sport.

Motor sport at premiership level was established in 1945 by the federation Internationale de I’Automobile (FIA) and named it as Formulae 1, in 1950, drivers got the first chance to have a world championship competition that saw reputational and financial rewards exchange hands; the first champion was Giusepper Farina of Italy.

Other than the original idea of a sport, the sport emanated to be effective marketing tools to car manufacturers where they would interact with the customers and using the sports to promote their products.

In the efforts large sums of money were invested in the sector, for instance in 2006, Renault, Ferrari and McLaren were estimate to have committed between $250 and $350 million to the sport with Toyota believed to have hit $billion. The large sum of money that is used in the sport comes from the company promoting its brand and other third parties.

The Strategies Pursued By Ferrari 1975-1978 The company had a strong brand name being among the first companies in the racing world; other than the name, it was able to make some of its parts thus it was making them for the good of their trade. From the onset, the company had the sport as a hobby, thus it was willing to fund the undertaking from its earnings, the company had strong financial base thus it would cater for the needs of the sports effectively.

Although Ferrari is one of the most successful motor sports constructors, it hardly has as many sponsors as other companies; they make other range of cars that they get the funds from then invest in the racing sport, from the onset, Ferrari has taken the sport as a hobby that he has the responsibility of funding and making fit.

In 1969, Ferrari merged with Fiat was a major boost to financing of the company as it allowed Fiat to make the road machines and Ferrari to concentrate on racing.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company has a number of resources in expertise, physical resources, and experience that offered it an opportunity of being one of the best teams in the industry; the structures were better than those employed by its competitors.

One weakness that has been found in the company was its products development approach where the case illustrates that Ferrari relied on information from third parties to model and design their products instead of moving out and fetching the designs. This is probably seen as one of the weakness that led to its failure in later years.

The major threat that the company had was from an increasing competition from other companies in the industry like McLaren and Williams, they came in the industry with new technology and expertise that made the competition more competitive.

The race also started to dominate in the sporting sector that it attracted some political influences and it was moving the people of different ages. People became interested in the game and Ferrari was the team that they were willing to associate with, the social dynamic was so large that Italians see the brand as one of their country’s heritage.

The reliability of the cars that were made in 1971 to 1973 were wanting with some not being able to finish a race; this was even made worse by health condition of Enzo who had early acted as a main motivator of the team.

To ensure that the company remained competitive, there were some strategic alliances that were made to improve things, they include alliance with Fiat, the adoption of Mauro Forghieri in 1973 as the technical director; this offered the team with experienced managers who were able to turn things around for the benefit of the team.

The move was also a compete change of the management with new faces being called to task to assist the technical bench come with rewarding strategies; the move also saw the team recruit some talented drivers.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Formulae One Constructors specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More What are they key elements of successful F1 team The main elements that have made the company successful include;

A dedicated and experienced management and technical team, other than Ferrari himself, the company recruited management and technical bench that was composed of people with wide experience in the racing competition, the people offered the team required knowledge and timely information.

In the racing history, one company that has suffered greatly financially is Ferrari, there are loyalists and some companies who are willing to finance the team; this creates a highly motivated team like drivers, mechanics and other technical team members.

The company has had a strong brand name that has continued to make it the choice of many Italian; this by itself is enough motivation to make the team work hard to fulfill the big burden that the society seems to have placed on its shoulders.

The team had a number of benefit from the garage that it maintained; the garage was able to make accustomed products like Engines and gears of the team motor a move that made the vehicles reliable and a choice of many talented drivers.

Main causes of the problems experienced by the Ferrari in the early 1970 and how they overcome them

The company had taken motor sport as a sporting activities and had invested minimal in the research and development; the case study illustrated that Ferrari relied on media news to make out the approach that he was to take in the sport, this likely was a disadvantage to the company as other companies were going out and fetching the right design and approach.

Another likely problem that the racing team might have experienced is the increased competition for better engines by racing teams that had sponsors; there is high likelihood that the company was not able to compete financially with other teams thus chances of underperforming.

Identify the main elements of the strategic policies followed by each of the 3 teams which lead them to their success and ultimately failure Ferrari

The company used the approach of in-house development and autocratic leadership approach; this is where it aimed at making their own parts and engines and followed the able leadership of Enzo Ferrari. The main mission and vision of the team was to successfully compete with other machines and prove their dominance, they thus worked hard to develop the best in the market.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Formulae One Constructors by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The failure of the strategy was experienced when other team became keen on the sector and came up with machines that were better than those maintained by Ferrari. Also the central concentration of power was challenged by human factors like diseases.


The team had the sponsorship approach; the approach ensured that the team was financially well off and could develop machines that are required in the race. Some sponsors that have seen some of the teams succeed include Phillips Morris which financed McLaren in 1974 to 1996 in the efforts of advertising its Marlboro brand of Cigarettes.

The sponsors signed contracts with the team and promises to cater for some of their expenses like salaries, wages and upkeep in the efforts of having their products advertised in the context. They would fund development of different machines, technology and automation of the motors.

The failure of the approach was when sponsored withdrew or changed their team, this left the team without an option other than getting to the drawing board.


The team used the technological approach, with the development in technology; the company was able to make machines that were durable and reliable depending with the terrain of a certain race. The approach was successful but was challenged by fast development of technology were the team needed to be on its toes to get the technology always.

What issue facing each 3 teams in this case study were strategically flawed and how would you have overcome them The main issue that cut across the three teams is the lack of reliable talented drivers; the drivers that were available are not seen to be taking the sport as their hobby or talent; some come to benefit from the financial benefits in the sport that lacks the commitment required.

Like any other sport, talent in the particular sport plays a crucial role in its success; with the lack of talents, then each team is left with a far felt deficit when a team member quits or fails to participate.

Since the sport is rewarding enough, to have a continuous flow of drivers, I would enact a talent establishing, nurturing and development approach, with such an approach, I would suggest to have racing sports even in high schools so that those people who can do the racing and are talented get a chance to exploit their talents.

What were the strategic that provide each of the 3 team with success? In all the three teams, one thing stands out, the quality of human capital they have and the machines they are using for racing. When every team won, it was during the period that it had been able to combine its human, information, and physical resources effectively. Drivers, mechanics, researchers and developers, and technical teams, were the main work force that saw the company succeed.

Research played a crucial role in the success of a team; when a team researched extensively, it was able to make such effective strategies that saw their team succeeds amidst the challenge that was present at that particular time.

When reading the case and determining the strengths that saw the teams succeed, the main issue that was coming out is the benefit and advantage that can be derived from a team that is well constituted and utilizes the resources it has effectively.

What are the essential elements of success F1 team and how should the management structure be constructed The main success elements that F1 requires can be divided into three main areas;


Under this subtitle, the management and the team needed to gather such quality information that would assist them when making their machines. When a team had quality information, then it was able to have the best from the team.

Human workforce

To have a winning team, the racing team needs to have talents, experienced and dedicated people in the sector and area that they are being involved in; for example there is need to have drivers, mechanics and effective management teams.

Physical machineries

The motors used in the race needs to be quality and have high reliability; this would help them compete successfully in the racing.

To ensure that all the above success elements are available, as a manager, I would ensure that every department is well staffed and there is an orchestrate team in the company.

Team funding sources Motor sports is an expensive sports that involves much fixing of the car to be used as well as training of people to be involved in the sports. Expenses can be seen in the form of fixing costs, labor costs, training, and research cots.

For instance in large teams, there are about 450 to 800 employees that travel the world almost fortnightly to look for the best approach to their teams; they are mandated with the task of researching the best approach to adopt in the sport. For an effective sport, a company that aims to use the sport as its advertising tool will have to look for means that the costs will be catered for: the following are the main approach adopted:

Sponsors: According to the case, about one fifth of the operational costs in the sports come from sponsors who come in the game with different ideas and agendas to meet with the sport.

When a car has been upgraded to compete in the race, the sponsor come in handy to offer funds for some services and additions like painting the car in the colors of the company, advertisings the race, and providing some financial contacts to the drivers, engineers and other stakeholders.

The brand name company: As a matter of meeting some of the cost incurred in the sports, some brand companies have some testing and development equipments which include wind tunnels and other facilities development; some of the services and fixing are done as normal service of cars while some have been accustomed to the benefit of the cars that are involved in the sport.

The company may have the option of making some of the parts that are used in the sporting cars like gearbox, and Engines; this format is the most dominant with Ferrari which has been a leader in the industry, or the companies may decide to buy the parts from different places and assemble them for quality machines.

In Germany the race can be seen to be more divided between the constructors of the motor and the sponsors, after the constructors have made the best they can, the sponsor comes in and offer some accustoming services to make the vehicle attractive and representative of their brand as the sponsors. This is an advertising method where companies seek to be associated with the success of the sport.

Financial reward: Other than the prestige that the sports come along by, the sport has some financial reward to the companies that are participating or have won. The reward is used to finance some essences of the sport like media loyalty coverage expenses.

Other than the reward money, there is some revenue that is negotiated on their behalf by Bernie Ecclestone’s Formula One Administration (FOA); the amount has become another reliable source of funds to the sport. In 2003, prize rewards accounted for 9.7% of the total revenue that was in the port, the amount was about $30 million.

The overall winner has a much higher financial reward with McLaren and Ferrari being the only constructors to have won the championship for four consecutive years 1988-1991 and 1999 to 2004 respectively.

Recommendation for more funding All the three companies have their strategy of raising funds however none of them has membership subscriptions as its main source of fund; this is so despite the potential that the teams have to get funds from their loyal members.

Companies should consider this approach to raise of funds; it would probably make the financial base of the company stronger.


Sources Of Finance For The Mcdonald Inc. Report college admission essay help: college admission essay help

To any business, funding remains an issue of critical importance that needs to be addressed with utmost care. Sources of funds to any business remain a critical issue that demands that an organization’s strategic managers guard the sources of funding to guarantee business growth. Traditionally, funds for business come from the sales proceeds.

However, the fluctuating nature of the market makes it necessary for organizations to devise stable sources of funds to avoid unnecessary losses should the sales volumes drop significantly. Therefore, this means that although the main purpose of all business is to get revenue form the sales that they make, it is also important to invest some of the proceeds to some other forms of incomes to protect the company for some eventuality.

Sources of funds for McDonald in either starting a new or expanding the existing restaurants can be classified into three broad categories, which are:

Internal sources of finance

External sources of finances

Long-term sources of finance

Internal Sources of Finance One of the main sources of funds for McDonalds is sales proceeds. From the sales made by McDonald restaurants, the revenue earned minus all the expenditures incurred, gives it a surplus. This amount is retained by the business and used to finance its expansion into new market areas through establishment of new restaurants or purchase of new assets.

Owner’s savings is also another source of financing for the McDonald Inc in Kuwait. Owner’s savings ensure that the business owners have money at their disposal to use or furtherance of business. In most cases, when businesses are being started, much of the finance is usually from the individual savings.

Another source of finance for McDonalds Inc. is royalty from franchises. According to Keown, (2006), Franchises are businesses that use an already established brand name and in return pay the main firm some funds in form of royalties. The franchisee retains all the profits from the venture, but pays the Franchisor royalties and a minimal rental payment as agreed.

In this case, McDonalds continues to be recognized as one of the great franchising companies in the world in which over 75% of the McDonald restaurants are owned and operated by franchisees. This means that McDonald greatly gains from these franchises when they remit their payments to the franchiser. Franchising is, therefore, one of McDonald’s major sources of finance.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Retained earnings and retained profits are often used as a source of finance. Over the years that the chain has operated in Kuwait, their retained earnings have been used for their expansionary missions. Retained earnings also have been used for asset financing among other major ventures of the organization. Sale of assets is another way that McDonald can get finances for their business ventures.

This involves the selling off the excess assets that are held by the company so as to generate money that could be used to start a new business or expanding an existing one.

However, great caution should be taken into account when doing this and this is because, some of the assets could still be used in smooth running of the current business. The accumulated retained earnings have boosted the return on equity on McDonalds Kuwait as attested by the graph below.

McDonalds’ reatined earnings trends over a 10 years trend.

External Sources of Finance McDonald also gets finances from partnership ventures. The partners contribute capital for the business and McDonald benefits from this business relationship in that through these capital contributions, it is able to finance its business.

McDonald can obtain finances from bank loans. This form of finances allows McDonalds Inc. to finance its initial costs. The loans come in either long-term nature or in short-term nature. Among the main financiers of McDonald’s Kuwait is the National Bank of Kuwait (NBK) which allows provides a varied form of loans to McDonalds.

Debenture loans are also forms of loans that are used by McDonalds in Kuwait just like in any other worldwide branches. Debenture loans are loans that are secured against with the assets of the business that is being invested in. Secured debentures attract fixed or variable interest rates depending on the assets they are attached to whereby the interest’s rates of these debentures can be predetermined.

We will write a custom Report on Sources Of Finance For The Mcdonald Inc. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More McDonald could use this source of finance to fund its existing business or start new ones. However, the business cannot sell the assets without the lenders’ consent and in case the business fails, the lender always take the first priority in being compensated over the owners and the shareholders and also this applies in case of winding up of the business.

Bank overdrafts as sources of funds are also used to fund McDonald’s operations. This is a good source of short-term finance as it helps solve the immediate problems that are being faced by the organization quicker than looking at the long-term ways. The overdraft has more advantage than a loan on the short-term.

Venture capital is another source of finance that McDonald can use to its existing business or start a new one. Venture capital is used by business in the initial stages of their development. For venture capital arrangement to be successful, an investor known as a venture capitalist must be willing to invest a huge sum of money into the business.

This means of soliciting funds has the advantage that the business in most cases end up being successful, but also runs the risk of the venture capitalist demanding to hold part of the business ownership or they may request very high returns at the expense of the business (Braun


How to effectively transform change in your employees Term Paper essay help

Abstract One of the primary tasks of leaders in any organization is to initiate changes. Different models describe changes in various perspectives. The leaders of an organization may use any model depending on their systems and the type of change implemented.

The paper compares Price Waterhouse and Michael Beer models. It covers the strengths and weaknesses of each model and implications they have if applied in organizations. Both Price Waterhouse and Michael Beer models shows how to transform change effectively in employees.

Introduction Change is inevitable in an organization or a company. Employees react differently to organizational changes depending on the models used. Some employees may have positive reactions and others may have negative reactions. While some of the changes receive joyous reactions, most of these organizational changes face fierce reactions. Psychologists attribute these variations in reactions to the nature of human brains.

There are two systems in human brains, emotional and rational systems. Emotional system deals with emotional changes, while rational system in the brain deals with logic and thoughtful changes. Employees receive organizational change easily and positively when the two systems are in alignment.

It is possible to overcome negative reactions to hard changes in organizations by making sure that emotional system and logical system align. To transform change in their employees effectively, organizations use different steps and models.

A comparison of steps and models used by Price Waterhouse and Michael Beers to implement change within organizations successfully Although the steps and models used by Price Waterhouse and Michael Beers to implement changes within organizations are different, the results of the steps and models in transforming changes to employees correlate the two.

According to Chip and Dan, (2010), different leaders use different models to transform and implement changes within their organizations (p.298). However, there exist similarities in the strategies, which organizations use to transform change in their employees.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Comparison Price Waterhouse model requires an organization to make changes in all departments and processes. Redesigned processes in an organization lead to changes in procedures and jobs. As stated by technologies and systems also need to change to keep up with the dynamic needs of customers.

Changing “the processes, procedures, and system removes barriers to implement change for the employees and they are able to adapt to the changes and new processes” (Herzog 1993, p.87). In Michael Beer model, changes in the organization should only involve organizational processes and should not affect the employees.

The model does not require changes in all departments like in the case of Price Waterhouse. Michael Beer model requires for changes in the staff when the individuals/employees in the organization are unable to develop commitment and skills used in the new organizational arrangement.

Price Waterhouse models describe the process of change mainly using organizational leaders, but consultants have the freedom to adopt the process. On contrary, Michael Beer model does not involve a sponsor in any of its steps. The model does not have a change team that is in charge of change within the organization. Organizational leaders are not the key people used in the process of change.

In the Price Waterhouse model, the change team in the organization has the responsibility of planning, which involves looking for the necessary resources and setting the required goals. The change team must have a leader who focuses on the change program within the organization. The responsibility of the team leader is to pass the change message to relevant departments.

He/she also informs them concerning the transformation and leads them to focus their vision on the transformation of the organization. On the other hand, the work of a change leader in Michael Beer model is to clarify the need for organizational change to the members. The leader explains to the members why there is need for change and gives its future vision (Michael, 2008, p. 10).

The leaders in this model avoid imposing change programs from the top, unlike in Price Waterhouse model where the top management is in charge of change implementation. The leaders in various sub units redefine the goals, values, and strategy and later involve their top teams.

We will write a custom Term Paper on How to effectively transform change in your employees specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The next step in Michael Beer model is data collection for the organization and people alignment. The purpose of the data is to stimulate organizational and personal change.

New organizational arrangements do not require staffing changes if employees are able to develop commitment and skills. The similarity between the two models is that they both involve the low-level management in implementing changes. They also seek to transform change in employees effectively using different modes and steps.

My evaluation on their steps or models Price Waterhouse

The change models used by Price Waterhouse require involvement of every person in the organization. Price Waterhouse models seek to achieve high performance, measured difference, and improved results with the help of motivated and empowered employees (Herzog, 1993, p. 87).

The models focus on transforming change effectively based on customer needs. Price Waterhouse models successfully accomplish organizational change with guiding principles. The steps used by Price Waterhouse results into transformation change of employees.

Michael Beer

The change model used by Michael Beer model of implementing change within organizations use behavioral and agency theoretical perspectives. Behavioral theory gives vehemence on the importance of the top management to participate in the processes. The participation helps them to develop commitment to organizational change.

It focuses on the behavior in the firm such as teamwork and commitment. Agency theory emphasizes on economic outcomes; does not deal with the organizational behavior inside the firm (Michael, 2008, p. 10). In Michael Beer model of implementing change within organizations, planned organizational change is the first step taken by an organization to improve its performance.

The steps only involve the top management and sub unit managers. The use of Michael Beer model might take a shorter time in its implementation because the low-level leaders are involved in the initial stages and they initiate most of the organizational changes. Michael Beer model shows how to transform change in employees in an effective way.

Strengths and weaknesses of their steps or models Strengths

One of the strength associated with the steps used by Price Waterhouse and Michael Beer is that the employees and the low-level organizational members are involved in implementation of organizational change (Herzog, 1993, p. 87). Price Waterhouse model uses consensus to incorporate all levels whereas Michael Beer model encourages the leaders of various sub units to involve top leaders in redefining values, strategies, and goals.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How to effectively transform change in your employees by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In Michael Beer model, unit leaders only involve corporate leaders, which reduce resistance to change by the staff. The strength associated with Price Waterhouse model is that it involves every member of the organization and therefore all the employees are able to adapt to changes without barriers.


Involving leaders of various sub units may result into ineffectiveness of step used by Michael Beer as these leaders may take time to initiate the appropriate changes (Michael, 2008, p. 10).

The skills and experience of the sub unit leaders may be limited relative to that of effective corporate leaders, and they may therefore take time to manage performance improvement and involve top leaders in redefining strategies and goals of the organization.

The responsibility of the change team to set goals without the involvement of the relevant departments and employees is the major weakness of the steps followed by Price Waterhouse.

The team leaders only inform the employees and other stakeholders of the organization once they have instituted the changes. This may result into fierce resistance to the organizational changes.

Major implications for application to organization Price Waterhouse

The implication of changing all the processes used in an organization is that it removes barriers for the employees. The employees are able to adapt to new changes without barriers when everything else in the organization has changed. Redesigned processes, jobs, procedures, systems and technologies make it easier for the employees to implement, transform, and accept changes (Herzog, 1993, p. 87).

It becomes easier to transform change of employees in any organization by training them on new processes. Effective change of employees measures the success of an organization.

In Price Waterhouse model, the implication of having a sponsor to initiate mandate for change is that there might be problems in communicating the changes to the employees and other teams involved in the organizational change.

To overcome these problems, the language used to communicate must be specific and easy to understand. All levels in the organization should understand the change mandate translated by the sponsors (organizational leaders).

The sponsors designate change process to a change team, which takes over from the sponsor and the implications is that it may take time for the change team to understand the details of the change, since they do not initiate the changes. The team then proceeds with the other procedures, which involves setting goals and looking for the necessary resources (Herzog, 1993, p. 87).

The implication of the use of change team is that it gets the responsibility of developing programs that may be of great help within the organization. The programs developed gives direction to the team managers to transform changes in the employees in an effective manner.

The implication of having a team leader in the change team is that he/she is able to convince employees and other members of the organization on the expected organizational changes.

It also implies that the organization can change the team leader in case he/she does not perform satisfactorily. However, establishing that the leader is doing a good job in implementing changes takes some time since changing a culture in an organization does not occur rapidly.

The time taken to change the culture of an organization would reduce by changing the key people in the leadership of the team. Application of the method would lead to rapid changes because everything including the leaders of an organization would change. Because of the transformation, changing the culture will be easier for the organizational change management, and it will be easier to transform change in employees effectively.

The implication of having new leaders is that the employees and the sub unit leaders might not want to support and follow the new leaders. Since the top management supports organizational change, it implies that the other levels of the organization would follow suit, thus forming a high consensus.

Michael Beer

One of the major implications of using Michael Beer models or steps in implementation of change within organization is that the employees and other members of the organization respond to the transformation more rapidly.

The reason behind the quick response is that initiation of the changes involves all levels of the organization. Implementation of the changes may take a very short time because it will face less resistance from the employees and the low-level leaders.

The implication of encouraging and demanding leaders to manage performance improvement is that it simplifies the steps used. There is no much time taken to communication on the new ideas to the employees, because they are involved from the initial stages (Michael, 2008, p. 10). The sub unit managers do most of the work while the top teams do little.

The responsibility of the top teams is to work together with the sub unit managers in redesigning the values, goals, and strategies of the organization. However, in large firms, the steps involve the top management who manage the performance improvement like the sub unit managers.

Lack of commitment in the leaders may lead to delayed implementation of organizational change. Inadequate commitment of the leaders exposes their inability to deal with resistance from members/employees of the organization.

The leaders should be commitment and should have enough skills to make it possible for them to succeed through the whole process of change. The implications of Michael Beer model is that the new organizational arrangement will help to transform change in the employees effectively.

Conclusion To transform change in employees in an effective manner, the leaders of the organizations need to use available models or steps. The leaders of the organization need to seek advice from consultants who are able to provide them with better information and appropriate information on the best models to use. All the models will show the leaders how to transform change in employees in an effective way.

References Chip, H.,


Toyota Motor Corporation: Strategic Human Resource Planning and Strategic Recruitment Essay (Critical Writing) essay help online free

Introduction The business environment has been getting more complex and competition has been increasing everyday. Recent problems such as the economic crises and others have caused organization to find ways of staying ahead of competition.

Organizations are continuously looking for ways to gain a competitive edge over the other organizations. This mostly affects the multinational organizations because the international organizations face global environment which is more complex than the local environment.

One of the major areas of focus in trying to attain a competitive advantage is through the use of employees. Organizations have realized and embraced the fact that human resource is a strategic asset to an organization and if well used, it can make the organizations gain a competitive advantage (Kathy


Bill Clinton Leadership Research Paper college application essay help: college application essay help

Table of Contents Clinton’s philosophy on leadership

Leadership Theories connected to Clinton’s leadership

Lessons we can learn from leadership of Bill Clinton


Bill Clinton was one among the many presidents of the United States of America. As a leader, Bill Clinton achieved many things which made him become a popular leader during his reign (, 2011).

This research paper will focus its discussion on the leadership of Mr. Bill Clinton, his major style of leadership, the numerous theories connected to his leadership and it will further highlight the lesson we as population can learn from his system of leadership.

To have a good understanding of Bill Clinton, we shall have a review and a brief description of his biography in order to understand about the background of Bill Clinton right from the time he was born up to his time in power as the president to of US.

Bill Clinton was born in August the year 1946 in the state of Arkansas where he was raised by his grandparents until the age of three years since he was born in a single family after the death of his father just before he born (, 2011).

During his stay with the grandparents, Bill Clinton learned a lot including; good discipline, reading and counting which he was taught by the grandfather who liked the young boy very much. During all this time, Clinton’s mother was at college and she only came back after graduating with a nursing degree and shortly moved in with Roger Clinton his newly wedded husband.

During his childhood Bill Clinton was raised in a religious manner and was a devoted Baptist where he attended church services every Sunday. At the Baptist church, Bill became interested in music and he engaged a lot in the church music where he even learned how to play jazz saxophone which he continued playing up to high school (, 2011).

Al this particular time, Bill was used to the hard life such as harsh, abusive and rude stepfather due to excessive drinking. At the age of 14 Bill gained his ground and decided it was no more when he engaged his step father in a quarrel that consequently put a stop to the abusive behavior. However, not long after this incidence that the mother divorced with Roger Clinton.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At high school, Bill used to play musical instrument and also engaged in political debates a factor that made his teacher Ms Mae Mackey to like him very much (, 2011). At the age of 17, at Arkansas Boys state, Bill was selected as the representatives of the boys association due to his outstanding character giving him a wonderful opportunity to meet face to face with President John F. Kennedy at the state house.

After high school, the youthful Bill attended Georgetown University where he got involved in university politics very much. After college he won a highly prestigious award for further studies at the Oxford University where he studied law.

Moreover, after the scholarship at oxford, Clinton further went to Yale university school of law to complete his law course; after schooling he immediately went into national politics and in the 1978 he become the youngest governor in history of US.

After this incidence Clinton had his ups and down going in and out of politics until 1992 when he was nominated as a party representative to vie for presidency which he campaigned well and in November 3 he become the 42nd president of United State of America (, 2011).

Clinton’s philosophy on leadership Clinton a young president belonging to Democrat party had changed the history by winning the election against the republicans which had not happened for such a long time (Hamilton, 2008); in fact, he was elected for the second term despite of the many scandals that he had been accused of due to his negative personality.

However, Clinton is highly regarded for the positive changes he brought to US which are highly attributed to his concerned nature for the well being of the citizens (Gates, 2000).

One of the major policies which he held is that of economical progression. In fact, during his reign and presidency, Clinton achieved economical progress in many ways; his government was keen to note the high rate of unemployment which his administration developed measures to curb such crisis (Hamilton, 2008).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Bill Clinton Leadership specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, Clinton’s administration was very successful in ensuring that the level of inflation was reduced by all means and due to the efforts administered during his term, US acquired the lowest level of inflation (Gates, 2000). On the other hand, Clinton’s administration was very alert and did not hesitate to make necessary changes in the national budget.

During Clinton’s era, the government made proposals that really impacted the US economy in a very positive way; in point of fact, Clinton’s government made a budget that is said to have brought a balance in the deficit that had been there for decades and in effect to this, the result was a budget which was surplus (Gates, 2000).

Another topic which makes Clinton to be a president who was highly regarded was due to his enthusiasm for peace causing him to extended campaign works intended to bring harmony in the land. Further more, his administration cleared all issue of violence and crime which is reported that, during his era issues of crime rates were reported to have reduced considerably.

In the education sector, Clinton’s administration made numerous changes that have brought a positive impact up to date. During his era, the US achieved the largest investments in the education segment by expanding college edification and facilities in order to ensure all American could have at least access college education.

This program was made accessible in the course of also giving scholarship to more than five million students annually (Hamilton, 2008). Additionally, Clinton ensured that college education became basic; his administration hired more teachers and lowered college fees in order to make education become quality and be easily accessed even by the poor in order to promote equity in the society (Gates, 2000).

More importantly, his administration encouraged technology through incorporating modern facilities in schools to embrace technological changes as a form of development in the education sector.

Moreover, Clinton’s administration was in the forefront to campaign for better and improved health care; as such his government ensured increased medical facility access to all Americans at an affordable rate (Gates, 2000). Through creating a balance in the national budget, Clinton’s government extended the medical facilities through making accommodative changes to cater for the growing population of US.

In the child health care, Clinton’s administration enacted the largest health supportive program since 1965 which was big enough to cater for medical needs for more than 5 million children every year (Gates, 2000).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Bill Clinton Leadership by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, to ensure better health care, his government signed a law to cater for the mental challenged across America which would help eradicate stigmatization against those mentally challenged (Hamilton, 2008). Apart from this, Clinton’s administration also developed foreign policies that were meant to facilitate peace, campaign for freedom and encourage democracy (Gates, 2000).

Leadership Theories connected to Clinton’s leadership There are many theories of associated with leadership and we can relate a good number of the theories to the leadership of Bill Clinton based on his accomplishment as the 42nd president of US. In order to have an understanding of this concept we shall review just but a few of the leadership theories studied in class for a broader understanding.

One among many other leadership theories is the great man theory; great man theory argues that, quality leaders arise when they are needs in the society and it further argues that “leaders are born and not made” ( , 2002). By looking back to the system of Clinton’s administration, we can be able to relate Clinton’s leadership to this particular in the following way.

As a president of US Clinton was able to integrate quality management leadership when the state was undergoing tough economical times, it during his era when US acquired a balance in the national budget something that seems not to have been achieved for decades.

So, we can be able to attribute the economical progress to sthe good leadership style by Clinton which can also be argued that the great man theory correctly fits in this situation because as the theory argues “good leaders come in when the society really needs them” ( , 2002), as such, Clinton’s leadership also seems to have appeared right when US was under tough economical times.

Secondly, another theory of leadership which can be related to leadership of bill Clinton is the transformational leadership theory.

Transformational leadership theory is a hypothesis whose assumption is that, good leaders are those who inspire others and usually work hard to achieving what they have passion for ( , 2002); mostly their style of leadership is based on what they what to achieve in the society, so, the transformational leaders will be motivated to achieve their desired goals which they work and dedicate all their energy towards such objectives ( , 2002).

In this regard, by reviewing the leadership of bill Clinton we are able to conclude that, it is no doubt that Clinton’s leadership style can be related to this particular theory in various ways. One way is through the way Clinton had passion for education based on his background and how he had gotten quality education through scholarship.

As such, we can be able to trace those qualities through observing how Clinton was aggressive to make positive change in the education sector in US (Gates, 2000). In point of fact, Clinton’s administration worked towards making college education to be accessible as basic by all Americans and this was achieved through his passion for education.

Additionally, Clintons made sure that college education was affordable by campaigning for reduced college fee. Most importantly, Clinton’s administration initiated the scholarship program in order to support the needy students towards attaining education in the society and it does support millions of student annually (Gates, 2000).

Lessons we can learn from leadership of Bill Clinton From what we have already learned, Clinton is one among the many presidents of the US who was popular during his term as a leader of US. Despite of the few shortcomings and criticism raised regarding his personality, Clinton was a charismatic leader a factor that also contributed to him being selected for the second term.

Generally, there are many positive things we can learn from such form of leadership and if applied in the society today, it could contribute to progressive changes necessary for development and social change in the world today.

One great lesson we can always learn from Clinton’s presidency is that, a good leader transforms the society for better.

Clearly, we have already seen how Clinton’s administration strived to make a lot of changes in the society in order to accommodate developments and hence steer growth of the state; such changes include, economical development, technological advancement, health for all, affordable college education, environmental conservation among many others. All these changes are necessary for a better tomorrow.

Furthermore, we can also get to learn that as leaders, we should develop love for others in order to change our society and our neighbors (Koestenbaum, 2000).

Such a lesson can be derived form Clinton’s leadership looking at the way his administration was concern about peace; majorly, he was concerned about peace in his country and that of the other countries which resulted in developing foreign policies that were meant to promote internal and external peace.

Finally, another lesson we can learn from Clinton’s leadership is that, as leaders we should have a desire to impact changes where others have not achieved (Koestenbaum, 2000). It is obvious that Clinton made positive developments where other presidents had not achieved; such changes include creating a balance in the national budget something that had not been achieved for decades.

Therefore, leaders should not be discouraged by the fact that others have not achieved, in fact this should be a motivation to achieve and exercise ones abilities in order to achieve great things in the society.

References (2011). Bill Clinton. Web. (2002). Leadership theories. Web.

Gates, P (2000). Bill Clinton Accomplishments. Web.

Hamilton, N. (2008). Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency. New York: PublicAffairs.

Koestenbaum, P. (2000). Leadership: The Inner Side Of Greatness: A Philosophy For Leaders. New York: John Wiley and Sons.


Literature Aspects in “The Scarlet Letter” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay scholarship essay help

Genre The tales in the Scarlet Letter possess several mystery elements. For instance, Hester’s lover is not directly mentioned. Mystery is also experienced in the way Hester, Dimmesdale and Chillingworth undergo punishment. In addition, full information about the Puritan’s colonial attitudes is not given. This leaves the reader thinking.

Setting The physical setting of the novel represents the Puritan’s beliefs and lack of development. First, we get to know that the prison and the town scaffold are the most important buildings in town as they are frequently used by the Puritans for religious purposes. Second, the Bay Colony of Massachusetts is likened to an island in the midst of wilderness, indicating that the place is undeveloped

Plot Analysis First, the market place is described. Second, Hester encounters her husband. Third, Reverend Dimmesdale keeps his secret. Fourth, Hester and the Reverend plans to run away. Fifth, the Reverend gives his Election Day summon.

Sixth, the Reverend confesses his sin to the public before he collapses and dies. Finally, Hester finds her way back to Boston. Basically, the novel starts with the initial situation followed by conflict, climax, suspense and conclusion.

Characters Hester

She is a very powerful woman who is imprisoned for committing adultery. She is ashamed publicly for her adultery act and she is forced to wear a scarlet with the letter ‘A’. While in jail, she embroiders the scarlet letter so as to translate her punishment into a meaningful experience.


She is the daughter of Hester, who is born out of adultery. She represents all that Hester gave up when she committed adultery.

Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale

He is a likeable minister of the word. He commits adultery with Hester.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Roger Chillingworth

He is a brilliant scholar and husband to Hester. He is also vengeful as he decides to take revenge on the Reverend

Governor Richard Bellingham

He had served as a governor of the Bay colony of Massachusetts for many years.

Reverend John Wilson

He judges Hester for her adultery act at the beginning of the novel.

Mistress Hibbins

She is a sister to Governor Richard Bellingham and a witch.

Themes The themes discussed in this book include: alienation, revenge, women and femininity, compassion and forgiveness, hypocrisy, guilt and blame, justice and judgment, isolation, the supernatural, fate and free will, and man and the natural world.

Point of View The narrator pretends to be unbiased, though it is clear that he does not agree with the Puritans as he frequently criticizes the Puritan society.

Style The writer has used diverse vocabulary in writing the novel. For instance, words like ‘ignominy’ and ‘cogitating’ have been used. The writer also uses long sentences separated by commas in writing the novel. Shmoop University describes the novel’s writing style as ornate, formal, thorny, biblical, shadowy and comma-loving (1).

We will write a custom Essay on Literature Aspects in “The Scarlet Letter” by Nathaniel Hawthorne specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Persona The persona in the novel is a third person omniscient narrator.

Images, Metaphors, Schemes Images, metaphors and schemes that have been used in this novel include: the prison door, Pearl, the scarlet letter, the red mark on Dimmesdale’s chest, the Meteor, the black man, the forest and the wilderness.

National Mythologies or Ideologies The Puritans were centered on the idea of purity and believed that God was omnipotent and that salvation was predestined (Hawthorne 2). They related worldly success to salvation. Sins were heavily punished in the Puritan society.

Cultural Context and what transfers to today The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne’s is of great historical significance as it contains many insights that are relevant to contemporary readers. For instance, young people who are deviant and stubborn can relate to the themes of alienation and breaking rules.

In this view, the novel can be explained as a story of a woman who was heavily punished for letting the heart to rule her. Hester’s experiences can stimulate sympathy, Dimmesdale’s hypocrisy can provoke disgust, and Chillingworth’s revenge can arouse anger among readers.

Among the practices in the novel that are experienced in our current society are rules and punishments. However, the extent to which some crimes like adultery should be punished still remains a controversial issue. Technology has also advanced over the years.

Work Cited Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. New York: Plain Label Books, 1850.

Shmoop University. “Learning Guides to The Scarlet Letter.”(30 Sep. 2008) Web.

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“Narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglass” Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

The Narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglass is a pure and classical narrative written by Fredrick Douglass from the first person singular format focusing on Douglass’s own reaction to slavery in America.

The Author is also the persona in entire narration as he recounts his real experience in slavery right from childhood (‘Clayton’1). The narrative is set around slavery period in1817 when the author was born. During this time, Douglas (author) had separated from his mother. Meanwhile, his father worked as a clerk in a rich man’s farm.

In the narrative, Lloyd owns huge chunks of plantations where slaves are compelled to work under tough conditions (‘Easyread’ 5). Douglas’ life develops in the plantation until he approaches 7 years when he is taken by his father’s brother-in-law to Baltimore. As the story unfolds, we find that Douglass faces torture in the hands of several slave masters (‘Clayton’ 44).

He became enlightened and realized the importance of education. Eventually, he fled himself from slavery, changed his name and married a free black woman, Anna Murray. Finally, he engaged himself with anti-slavery movements as an orator (‘Clayton’180).

In the narration, there are major and minor characters that the author has used to develop the plot. The author plays two major roles as both the narrator and main protagonist (‘Easyread’1). He uses an average tone to express his emotion over horrific moments he experienced while in slavery. The author builds his characters in the narration and eventually able to develop several themes from their diverse roles.

Moreover, he is able to bring out his views well through their role in the scene. For instance, he portrays Sophia Auld as unrealistic and inhumane as part of developing his argument against slavery. He uses her cruelty to demonstrate adverse impacts of slavery.

Douglass portrays Covey as a villain to develop a theme of conflict in religion (‘Easyread’ 76). He makes him get convinced that he is a Christian although his evil actions provoked him. As a major character in the story, Covey violence triggered Douglass to get transformed into a more brave character who eventually became freedom seeker. Meanwhile, he develops other minor characters to build his plot.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Douglass has also developed various themes in the narrative to address universal issues affecting society during his times. The main theme developed from the narrative is on effects of slavery to victims and slave dealers (‘Easyread’4). This is evident from the ruthlessness subjected to slaves by their masters. Slaves suffered both physical and psychological torture.

Moreover, inappropriate use of slaves led to family conflicts especially when masters adopted slaves to as concubines. Religion as a theme has been well developed in the story. The author develops a distinction between Christians and non-Christians. The slaves refer Covey as a serpent for his evil actions (‘Clayton’7 6). The incumbent is in conflict of convincing himself that he is a Christian.

Other themes developed in the narrative include education, ignorance and freedom. From the author’s point of view, he reflects on negative effects of slavery and as well emphasizes on the importance of freedom (‘Easyread’ 164).

Additionally, the author has used several schemes such as images and metaphors to develop the plot and make it more appealing to the audience. Initially, the author uses symbols to represent abstract concepts in his views. For instance, Sophia Auld has been used to symbolize oppressive nature of society (‘Clayton’ 32). In the story, the persona uses his life to symbolize human rights.

However, the author is a bit controversial in the fact that he appears to play two roles simultaneously though differently (‘Clayton’ 6). Moreover, he criticizes slave-owners yet he does not explain why slavery has become rampant.

The narrative has some significance both in the cultural and historical context of the 19th century human civilization. Apparently, we are able to embrace strides made in the search for freedom against slavery. In addition, the major themes developed are still evident in modern day history.

Moreover, the culture depicted in the narrative can be equated to a mirror reflecting daily experiences in modern society since not much may have changed especially with the advent of neo-colonialism and improper local and foreign policies by some nations.

We will write a custom Essay on “Narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglass” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Clayton: Prestwick House Inc, 2005.

Douglass Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Easy read Comfort Edition. New York:, 2008.


Aspects of Literature Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Authored by Margaret Fuller, The Great Lawsuit is a must-read captivating chef-d’oeuvre heavy-laden with literary aspects like plot, setting, themes, style, and images among others as highlighted in the paper.

Period, as an aspect of literature refers to the time frame a certain piece of work is written. This is important since it gives a reader an idea of what the work is all about. “The Great Lawsuits by Fuller was done in July 1843 and therefore captured the daily occurrences of the times.

When it comes to genre, Fuller adapts a pure narrative. The work is an observation of the author and her own experiences that existed between men and women during her time (Dickenson 187). Therefore, the author develops her story based on these experiences and also borrows from the past events and uses them in developing her work.

Setting in any literal work is paramount in providing a clear picture of the story. For instance, in “The Great Lawsuit”, events occur in her place of residence in the Northern Europe. She builds her plot based on the experiences and how the community or the society behaves and believes. She therefore borrows more from her own setting and therefore builds her plot and provides suggestions to his audiences.

The plot of “The Great Lawsuit” is well developed through systematic occurrence of events. The book is about the self and individuality of the people and how these have resulted to inequity in the society. For instance, men and women should be able to uplift each other and eliminate their perceived differences. Women need to rise up and uplift their fellow women in order to be equals.

The author too uses various characters in ensuring that her message reaches the audiences clearly. Some of the authors that she uses are Miranda, a woman and a child born of a father who believed in equality of sexes. Others are Roland, Justina, and Mary Wollstonecraft commonly known as George Sand amongst others.

The theme of freedom stands out in the book. According to Fuller, women should be able to break the chains of slavery that have been subjected to them by their male counter parts (34). Other themes revolve around love, self or individuality.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The story comes from the third person point of view where the author mainly wishes to reach all the humankind. She sees the need for both men and women to abolish their self interests and be able to support each other in order for all of them to operate on the same grounds.

Style is also one of the salient aspects in literature. In her work, Fuller employs a simple style in propagating her message to the audience. For instance, she uses simple language, short and precise in her writing, which fosters quick understanding.

Example is, “They, too, raised the cry; God is living, all is his, and all created beings are brothers, for they are his children” (Miller 23). These were the triumphant moments; but as we have said, man slept and selfishness awoke.” This shows how the selfishness of men made them to mind their own interests.

In “The Great Lawsuit”, Fuller presents herself as the persona in addressing the key themes in her works. She also depicts illustrations of men and women as personas in bringing forward her ideas.

Images, Metaphors and schemes are styles employed in literature to advance the intended message. The author uses various images and metaphors in her work which makes it interesting. A good illustration of metaphor used is “We feel that the mind may “grow black and rancid in the smoke” (Dickenson 45). This means that men are hypocrites often doing contrary to what they say.

Ideologies are someone’s predispositions or thinking perspectives. Fuller adopts a mythology or ideologies that all people are equal regardless of gender, profession and religion amongst other parameters. A good example that illustrates the ideologies of the author is, “All men are born free and equal” (Dickenson 12).

Fuller’s work borrows much from culture and historical practices that society has been observing. She endeavors to bring into existence a new leaf on how people should relate and socialize. She wrestles with various technologies some including the place of a woman in the society.

We will write a custom Essay on Aspects of Literature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Women are not given the full attention with their full capability not fully explored. She believes that things will only change when women will rise up to other occasions and lead their fellow women towards independence (Miller 34).This has seen drastic changes in today’s life as women have taken up their roles in different facets of life.

Fuller’s work represents the reality and the social injustices that various communities go through. There has been effort by various parties to ensure that all men and women are able to exploit their full potential in life. Therefore, it is true that her work has played a key role in shaping the current today.

Works Cited Dickenson, Donna. Margaret Fuller: Writing a Woman’s Life. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.

Miller, Edwin. Salem Is My Dwelling Place: A Life of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Lowa City: University of Lowa Press, 1991.


Medicaid Fraud and Influence on Medical Services Research Paper best essay help

Introduction Medicaid Fraud is one of the main issues that hamper provision of quality, reliable, and efficient medical services across the world.

Medicaid is designed as a health insurance that offers the less fortunate in the society a chance to get affordable quality medical services; they are edible to children, the elderly, and persons with a disability and funded to a large extent by Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) Medical Assistance Administration.

The United States government medical department with collaboration of the office of the Attorney General has been on the fore front fighting the vice; however, the vice seems to be far from being won. As much as the practice is unethical and unaccepted in the medical fraternities, the efforts that the federal government has enacted remain focused on corporate level but they seem to be un-reaching to the micro level practices.

According to Steven Malanga, the rate of misuse of Medicaid Fraud has continued to increase with an estimated amount of 10% of the total cost nationwide, which translate to about loss of


Efficiency of Communications Research Report best essay help: best essay help

Communications research is a field that every successful organization should invest in, if it is interested in the maximization of service production and guaranteeing consumer satisfaction. The claim comes in because it equips an organization to deal with its research questions concerning issues such as usage, branding, advertising, new product introduction, and pricing among others.

Such insight is necessary both for making inter-organizational projections, and in judging consumers’ reactions to the organization’s policy. Therefore, the PR Department has to spend some of the organization’s limited funds to conduct such a research, with hopes of making amends on the image projected by the organization to the public, as well as to fellow personnel.

In terms of objectives, this research will aim at gleaning as much information as possible concerning the effectiveness of three data collection methods; interviewing, questionnaires, and observation, which are most commonly applied by the organization in research. It will also study other available options, their effectiveness, and comparability with the former three in terms of meeting the organization’s demands.

The knowledge drawn from such research will be instrumental in analyzing the organization’s ability to interact with the subjects of its previous, present and future researches. It will also improve the credibility of the organization should its competence, or integrity in the execution of its objectives ever be questioned by external forces.

Finally, it will come up with the best approach of collecting information from subjects while best presenting it as their ally, which in turn will give it credence in the local community, and provide ease with which information can be obtained. Thus, the relationship with its publics will be secured further.

The research topics in need of exploration are outlined below; three topics of study, which this research will propose, and the reasons are outlined alongside each topic. These are:

Interviewing – as a way of communicating, an interview is only effective where language is not a barrier. This makes previous findings of research thus conducted suspect, as this is a foreign organization with a native language differing from that of the host community.

Questionnaires – this method requires the respondents to be literate or to understand researchers’ questions in the questionnaires. Again, the community in question is still developing and thus characteristic of rampant illiteracy thus invalidating most of the data presented in questionnaires.

Observation- this method has proved ineffective especially if the subject of the research is hostile to the researchers, as is the case with our organization’s relationship with the local community. Moreover, there is a high probability of reporting inaccurate findings due to a change in routine by the subjects, which would go unnoticed by the observer, as well as a lack of understanding of the subjects’ actions or behaviors, which the researcher is to report on.

The Relevant communications expert knowledge that supports the argument of the research is that communication is a complex process. Language eases part of the burden, as people are able to package ideas that can be transmitted between different minds.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it acts as the channel through which these ideas are transported. When there is a language barrier, little can be done to pass ideas, opinions, beliefs and attitudes therefore preventing any understanding from occurring. Consequently, people who do not understand each other resort to basic human nature, which is lined with suspicion in turn triggering hostility, and the cycle continues.

Ultimately, no progress can be made without finding a way to remove, or go around this barrier. That is the quagmire this organization finds itself in.

Until we are able to resolve this issue, researchers will continue to be misinformed depicting much biasness in the subjects, and therefore their information will continue to be inaccurate. Locals will in urn never accept any policies made by the organization, and we will continue o exist at an impasse.

The proposed planning process for developing the research is as follows: The organization shall enlist the services of other foreign firms that have established a strong foundation with the local community and organize benchmarking sessions with our own personnel.

We shall also engage linguistic professionals to teach our staff the native language, as this will be necessary for the trial researcher within the research to gauge the effectiveness of the new principles learnt. Finally, we shall require he funds proposed by the budget of this research to acquire all the necessary materials to be used in the research.


Content Outline and Assessment Report college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Things to consider when writing a content outline




A content outline contain the following


Introduction A content outline and assessment is used to give students a guideline and help them study for their exams. It also helps the teachers to prepare their lesson and exams to be given to students. Students can use a content outline to assess their knowledge and experience in each topic covered. They are also able to identify areas that need further studying before they take their exams.

A content outline includes; the objectives of the study, information to be explained, procedures to be used, and the assessment criteria to be used on students. This paper provides a guideline on how to write a content outline, gives the things that are contained in a content outline and concludes by highlighting the importance of assessments and how to conduct them.

Things to consider when writing a content outline What do students need to know?

Which mechanism will be used to help students get what is required of them?

How will they be assessed to ensure that they have achieved the goal?

After putting the above questions into consideration, the content outline should contain the following categories.

Goals The outline should offer a general overview of the contents of the material as well as how the material will be handled for an effective delivery of the information to students, in some times it may offer guideline to tutors on how to approach different issues.

The goals should be written in reference to the National curriculum (Ritzel, 2010). If it is an outline for a specific unit, goals should be specific to that unit and the same should be assessed at the end of the unit.

Objectives This part concentrates on what students can do to increase their knowledge and skills. The following questions should be put into consideration

What is the students’ capability?

Which mechanism will be used to measure students’ performance?

How will satisfactory attainment of goals be judged?

How will the students show that they have thoroughly understood what was being taught and that they understand the objectives of the unit?

Prerequisites Prerequisites allow teachers to determine which activities can be used to ensure that students meet the objectives of the unit being studied. Every teacher should be in a position to assess the students’ state of readiness before introducing a new outline (Ritzel, 2010). He must be able to determine the concepts that will help in the accomplishment of objectives.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A content outline contain the following Introduction

It highlights how the objectives and goals of a certain unit will be introduced; the method is beneficial as it is able motivate and facilitate students to go through a content and grasp what the writer wanted to say. Additionally, the introduction provides a link between the past activities and the students’ interests. Also, the introduction highlights what is expected out of students

Main Activity

This is the main part of the outline which gives a framework of the expectation that the student should have. It is prepared in such a way that other teachers can be able to understand the flow. The main activity gives all the topics that are to be covered, experiments to be conducted, when assessment tests will be taken, among other things. It also includes examples that will help students understand the topics well.

The following is contained in the main activity:

Demonstration- this provides a list of all the steps to be followed in a sequential order.

Explanation- this is a sketch of the information that need to be elucidated

Discussion this section provides a listing of key questions to direct the discussion

Method of instruction- this specifies how the outline will be taught, how students will learn the information, time for each segment, materials to support presentations, key point that need to be emphasized (kellough