Barong And Rangda: An Exhibit At The Spurlock Museum Research Paper Essay Help Free

The Spurlock Museum, also known as the William R. and Clarice V. Spurlock Museum, is one of the most famous ethnographic museums in Illinois. It contains numerous collections and exhibits from other different museums and campuses. In addition, this museum presents the historical objects donated by private individuals, such as Professor John Garvey.

The peculiar feature of this museum is its variety of exhibits of different nations and cultures. There are five galleries, which represent the cultures of Europe, America, Ancient Mediterranean, Egypt and Mesopotamia, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, and Oceania. These galleries underline the diversities of each culture and their changes through different periods of time.

East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania is considered to be one of the most captivating galleries in the Spurlock Museum; it presents a lot of interesting and clear information that provides visitors with opportunities to learn more about such Balinese historical creatures like Rangda and Barong, which are two opposites, evil and good, and analyze deeper the history of Balinese people and their culture.

The Balinese culture exists more than 2 000 years. Of course, their customs develop from time to time, however, its origins, which came from Hindu religion, still play a very important role and remain unchangeable. Balinese people try to preserve their own culture from different influences of other countries, and this is why their traditions deserve respect and gain recognition in many cultures.

The Spurlock Museum presents different kinds of exhibitions that help people be closer to the customs they prefer or just want to examine. The Balinese culture is really captivating and amazing due to many reasons.

People prefer to believe in numerous things and even allow them to control their lives. In the East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania gallery, the exhibits of Barong, a mystical creature in Bali mythology, and Rangda, a widow witch, take very important places and attract lots of visitors.

When you enter the Spurlock Museum, you find yourself in a big captivating room with four resource centers, which present all the facilities of the museum and mention all the necessary information about each gallery.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This visit to the Spurlock Museum may be compared with the one of James Clifford. When Clifford describes his visit to Paradise, he tries to pay attention to each detail in the museum. “You follow the arrows into a light, open gallery with curving walls and raised display platforms, several spaces flowing into one another.” (193) The same things happen to the visitors of the Spurlock Museum and have already happened to me.

I open huge doors of the museum and enter another world, full of historical events and secrets. Gray-and-white colors considerably expand the first room. It looks like you are in a big holding alley and searching for the necessary door to enter.

You are not distracted by the variety of colors, which are inherent to different cultures and different epochs. This calm light allows to make the right choice and approach to the gallery needed. The East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania gallery is full of different objects, which present their own histories and tell more about the nation. This very gallery attracts my attention right now, and this is where I should enter in order to know more about the culture preferred.

What do we know about Asia cultures, for example the Balinese one? A lot of information is presented about the two mythological creatures, which played an important role in the Balinese culture – Rangda and Barong. “Rangda takes her name, meaning “widow” in Balinese, from a legendary Javanese-Balinese tale, the twelfth-century Calonarang.” (Spurlock Museum) This is the way of how the museum represents one of the most famous characters of the Balinese mythology.

This information is clear enough to get a clear understanding of what this mythology creature is. Rangda and Barong (the barong ket), a dragon-like exhibit, came from Bali. These two objects were donated by Professor John Garvey at the beginning of 2000s. These characters have a long history and play a considerable role in the history of Bali.

In Paradise, Clifford pays a certain attention to the history of the objects under discussion and the colors used by the historians in order to represent the chosen time: “large color photographs”, “images are in bright, living color”, and “black-and-white records”. (201) The colors of the exhibits in the Spurlock Museum and the lightning of the rooms itself deserve not less attention. Lots of people can hardly understand that it is very captivating to “read” the history of the nation by means of the colors used.

Rangda and Barong are both presented in red and golden colors. However, to my mind, the colors of Rangda and Barong symbolize quite different natures of these characters. Rangda is considered to be a symbol of evil. She is angry, she is eager to take revenge, and punish each being, which may hurt her. Her long, unkempt hair, terrible claws, and pendulous tongue evoke some kind of aversion to this character.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Barong and Rangda: An Exhibit at the Spurlock Museum specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In her article, Margaret Coldiron (227) compares Balinese and Japanese masks and underlines that “the Balinese Rangda mask appears to be thoroughly alien and evil, but she is nonetheless regarded as a beneficent protector.”

She also mentions that Barong mask exists “in several forms.” It is necessary to emphasize that, in different regions of Bali, Barong has a face of different animals: a lion, a tiger, a dragon, and a boar. The masks of lion and dragon are the most popular ones. In Spurlock Museum, I had a possibility to admire Barong in the mask of golden dragon with huge bulging red-and-black eyes.

The point is that unkempt hair and bulging eyes are inherent to both Rangda and Barong, however, the attitude to these creatures is rather different. Good Barong is respected by the people of Bali; this mythological creature is a symbol of humankind protector, sun glory, and white magic. Evil Rangda is Barong’s opponent; she is able to rule all evil spirits, who appear at graveyards at nights. She is one of the brightest representatives of black magic and the consequences of destructive forces.

The story of these two mysterious creatures is the story of constant fight between good and evil, between black and white, between life and death. People want to believe that they have a kind of protector, this is why they create Barong. This creature should fight against something that is materialized as well, this is why Rangda is considered to be a human in past, who joined the black side in order to revenge.

In the Spurlock Museum, Barong and Rangda signify the belief that was so inherent to any Balinese. “The people of Bali are well-know for their vibrant and complex ceremonial life and arts… Balinese ritual and everyday life are concerned with the relationship between the visible universe and an invisible realm.” (Spurlock Museum) Barong dance is probably one of the most popular ones in Bali. This is one of the ways of how Balinese act out mythology and comprehend their traditions and history.

I have read that this dance may be rather dangerous for people: it may not only lead to body injuries, but also kill people. People say that if Rangda casts too dangerous and strong spell, weak people cannot resist it, and even powerful Barong cannot help them to avoid death. To my mind, it is just one more way to lay the blame on somebody else. Balinese people cannot just believe that it is time to leave this world, and nothing can prevent it. However, they still try to present Rangda as the only creature who is guilty.

When I move from one exhibit to another in the East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania gallery of the Spurlock Museum, I try to imagine how these characters may fight with each other, hurt people, and save them. The colored figures of Barong and Rangda can easily alive in my imagination and take me away, where all those fights took place. Silence that is typical for the Spurlock Museum allows visitors to use their imagination and fancy the flow of events in accordance with their personal preferences.

“As you examine the Barong Ket, think of it not just as a dramatic and colorful aspect of cultural expression, but as a valuable point of contact with a certain way of experiencing and understanding the world.” (Spurlock Museum) This is how the museum give a hint to its visitor to comprehend and enjoy its exhibits. Barong and Rangda’s masks – this is what attract my attention most of all. Just look at these faces: they are angry and happy, mad and calm, kind and evil simultaneously.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Barong and Rangda: An Exhibit at the Spurlock Museum by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is necessary to spend some time in front of each of them in order to comprehend why they look this way, what makes them angry or happy, and why they are so similar and different at the same time. At first, Rangda’s angry face and long tongue make lots of people close their eyes and hope that her evil spirit never curse them. But if you look at her face closer, it is possible to see a faint note of fear and even a bit of resentment.

Her long tongue may be just a means of defence, the defence against this cruel world and its traditions that helps to survive. The image of Barong should be also examined deeper. People get used to think that dragons and lions are dangerous for people. However, these very masks were chosen for one of the most sacred images, Barong.

Barong’s mask is rather kind and attractive. He looks at this world and smiles. In order to make this world happier, it is better to smile and think about something good. Even if Barong has to fight against Rangda, he finds time to give a smile to the world and assuage his people.

Tours to museum always provide people with an opportunity to learn more about their history and traditions. When you decide to visit the Spurlock Museum, the East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania gallery in particular, you get a chance to perceive old traditions of people of Bali. Such exhibits as Rangda and Barong are one of the most famous representatives of the Balinese culture.

They represent a constant fight between good and evil. Unbelievable combination of red and gold colors attracts the attention of viewers and helps them to realize that the same color may call different reactions and represent different characters.

Calm atmosphere, proper lighting, and reliable information about each exhibit captivates the visitor and gives him/her a chance to make a wonderful trip to Bali and be a participant of their customs, at least for several minutes. Not every museum can provide people with such opportunities, and the Spurlock Museum should be proud of the facilities, it presents to its visitors.

Works Cited Clifford, James. “Paradise.” Reading Context. Boston: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2005, 193-222.

Coldiron, Margaret. “Lions, Witches, and Happy Old Men: Some Parallels between Balinese and Japanese Ritual Masks.” Asian Theatre Journal 22.2 (Fall 2005): 227.

Spurlock Museum. University of Illinois Board of Trustees. 2003. Web.

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Sending Single Mothers into Combat Analytical Essay college admissions essay help

Not long time ago, such words as ‘a mother’ and ‘a war’ were too far from each other. Males have to go to combats and defend our land, and females have nothing to do but stay at home, bring up children, and wait their men.

With time, everything is changed. To see a woman at combats or running helicopters – all this s not that surprising. Women have already proved that they can do lots of things and be rather useful for their motherlands. Brining up children and cooking are not their only duties; they are able to do the things that men cannot even think about.

Anne Applebaum (2008), in her article “When Women Go to War”, says that the idea of women in combats is over after certain events, which happen to two female sailors, however, the idea concerning women in the military will be always open. Women have the right to serve their countries, but, at the same time, they have a kind of obligation to give birth to children and bring them up properly; this is why single mothers should not be sent into combats in order to provide our generation with bright and respectable future.

Anne Applebaum (2008) confirms that lots of women are eager to be a part of the military and participate into combats. She says that nowadays, the American military suggest numerous choices for women and men concerning their education and training. If a woman decided to spend a certain period of time serving her country, such points as possible pregnancy should not bother her.

If a woman does not have children and wants to be useful, it is quite possible to participate in different kinds of combats in men’s company. However, if a woman has a child, especially a little child, who needs care, love, and support, sending mothers into combats sounds ridiculous and unfair.

One the one hand, some people may dispute that mother just hide behind their children in order to be in safe. However, a real mother will never hide in such a way. Mother’s feelings are always frank and kind. Mothers should protect their children, and it is impossible, if they are apart.

On the other hand, women have the same rights as men have, and participation into combats is something they can try any time. Sorry to say, but lots of mother are eager to leave their children in order to serve their country and be in equal rights to men. In fact, it is very difficult to analyze why some women are eager to stay at home and spend lots of time with their families or at work, and why other women just cannot wait to serve their country.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To my mind, women is combat is something not necessary. In fact, combats are unnecessary as well, but unfortunately, the absence of conflicts and combats is impossible for our world. It looks like people just have to have some quarrels and misunderstandings in order to have purpose for existence. It is certainly wrong, but it is human nature.

This is why, to serve a country and participation in combats is one of the men’s obligations, not women’s one. But if women have a burning desire to be a part of the military, they have to obey the same rule that any man does in the army. The Navy or any other kind of army cannot be divided for men and women. It is something common. If women, single women, agree to such conditions, they are welcome.

Reference List Applebaum, A. (2008). When Women Go to War. McGraw-Hill Guide, 334-335.

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Report after Attending a Concert Report essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Visiting concerts of classical music is always something unbelievable and captivating. People suppose to find themselves in some other world, but are not sure in what exactly. Classical music provides people with an opportunity to dream, think, love, and even exist. For those, who cannot differentiate what major or minor is, it may be rather troublesome to analyze the works by such great composers as Gabriel Faure, Martin Bresnick, Astor Piazzolla, and Johannes Brahms.

Ballade for cello and piano, created by Martin Bresnick in 2004, was firstly introduced by Andre Emelianoff at Merkin Hall in New York. In spite of the fact that this work presents dark colors and trembling melody, it captivates from the very first seconds. This masterpiece proves once again Bresnick’s unbelievable style, his formal characteristics, and rigor.

This Ballade was created as an homage to Johannes Brahms. Bresnick puts this work in minor, a bit cantabile. He provides the listeners with an attempt to imagine gloomy surroundings and be taken up by rather dolce style.

Cello Sonata No. 2 Op. 117 is another work that deserves our attention. It is created by a French composer, Gabriel Faure, in 1921, however, the date of its first publication is around 1922. It is a work of 3 movements in G minor: allegro, andante, and allegro vivo. In spite of the previous work, this sonata is characterized by more romantic style.

To my mind, it is a story of lost love, when people are in confusion of what to do further. It seems like the world does not change, but everything around is different. Cello Sonata No.2 is one of the most remarkable stories in the world of classical music. Piano and cello find each other and create a magnificent story that may be inherent to any person.

Astor Piazzolla is one more composer, who tried to present life emotions, losses, and happiness through classical music. He was a kind of tango boy, who observed the world through “tango” glasses. Le Grand Tango for violin and piano is one of the most beautiful masterpieces in classical music.

It is episodic in structure: energy, passion, calmness, and languor. The end of this composition is fascinating and in a real Italian style – glissando, a kind of sliding from one pitch to another, like a person, who is looking for something in order to find the only his/her place under in this world. This chamber work was created in far 1921; however, it still excites so many people and will be never forgotten.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The last but not the least classical work under consideration is The Piano Sonata No. 3 by Johannes Brahms presented in 1853 for the first time. It is created in F minor and consists of five different movements: allegro maestoso, andante, allegro energetic, andante molto, and allegro moderato.

This sonata is quite large for musical pieces of work. It is a combination of romantic nature of the composer with the strict classical requirements, which were so crucially important for classical works of those times. The Sonata No.2 is rather dynamic and invigorative piece of work that allows to pay attention to each detail that is so important in music.

These five works of different composers came from different centuries and countries. With the help of cello and piano, the composers present a new world, full of emotions and dreams, to their listeners. It is really great to comprehend their purposes and other things, which evoke to create such unforgettable masterpieces.

Works Cited Astor Piazzolla. Le Grand Tango for Cello and Piano. 1982. New Orleans, 1990.

Brahms, Johannes. The Piano Sonata No.3 in F Minor, Op. 5. 1853. Leipzig: Barthold Senff, 1854.

Bresnick, Martin. Ballade for Cello and Piano. 2004. New York: Merkin Hall, 2004.

Faure, Gabriel. Cello Sonata Op. 117 in G Minor. 1921.

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Whig History of Science Analytical Essay college essay help near me

Table of Contents Theory-Loading of Observation

Popper’s Theory of Falsification

Merton’s Norms of Science

Kuhn’s Paradigms

Reference List

Whig history describes our past as a kind of progression towards independence and enlightenment. The major idea of this history is the raising of scientific progress, human freedom, and constitutional government. Kearney underlines that Whig interpretation of any history “implies a view of the past which divides men essentially into two simple categories, progressive or reactionaries, forward-looking or backward-looking.” (1971, 17)

According to such idea, Whig history of science divides all scientists into good and bad ones. Good scientists stick to the side of truth, and bad, ignorant, scientists prefer to disprove the truth.

Whig history of science presents all past cultures like blind groups, which try to arrive at the views people have already enlightened. Only great men or women can present great discoveries, which will be truthful and corresponding to the already existed theories. Whig history of science creates a kind of barrier to clear understanding of everything.

Theory-Loading of Observation Observation plays a very important role in the development of science. Alan Chalmers (1982, 23) points out that observation should be respected due to two reasons: (1) “science starts with observation” and (2) “observation yields a secure basis from which knowledge can be derived.”

The theory-loading of observation is rather important for humans’ understanding of how science works and can be developed. Humans observe many things and make certain conclusions about them. This is why it is possible to say that nature give all facts, which are so important for science, to humans.

People have nothing to do but continue observing things and compare them with their own predictions. The theory-loading of observation and facts, gathered by people from nature, infect all the tests and influence considerably future results. In order to make true, clear conclusions about something, it is crucially important for an observer to stay unbiased and unprejudiced.

Popper’s Theory of Falsification Karl Popper was a famous Australian and British philosopher. One of his main purposes was the explanation of why many people could not come to one and the same conclusion after the experiment had been already conducted. Proper underlines that things do go wrong during the experiments, this is why the results cannot be positive.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Popper, experiments cannot prove something but just fail to disprove. “Popper’s theory of falsification relies upon closely similar ideas about the role of ‘agreement’ among the scientists.” (Niiniluoto, 49)

Popper works between two conceptions, which are the centre of his theory. They are verification and falsifiability. With the help of Popper’s theory of falsification, it is easy to analyze and criticize already existed works and experiments and demonstrate their falsifiability. In such case, the hypothesis, created according to Popper’s theory of falsification, cannot be disproved, and this is what is necessary for science.

Merton’s Norms of Science One of the sociologists, who influenced considerably the development of science, was Robert King Merton. He conducted numerous researches into the sociology of science and developed one of the most famous norms of science, also known as CUDOS.

The Merton’s norms of science “compose an interacting and mutually reinforcing system of behaviour designed to make the common intellectual property of science proof against the distorting possibilities.” (Trachtman

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Analysis of Citation from Blu’s Hanging by Lois-Ann Yamanaka Report (Assessment) best college essay help: best college essay help

“I wish my house was underneath Kaunakakai Groceteria…. In my bedroom there’s a secret door up to the groceteria, which I could sneak into at night, after everyone went home. Then I can choose anything I want to eat when I get hungry…. And I would take Maisie and you with me too, so we can get all the ingredients we need to make the biggest laulau dinner, the whole works–day-old poi, lomi salmon, haupia, pipi kaula, and squid luau, just for the three of us, and Poppy.” (9)

Blu’s Hanging is one of the most captivating works in Japanese literature. Lois-Ann Yamanaka, the author of the novel, presents a wonderful story about one family, Ogatas, the members of which try to survive in these terrible conditions and not lose their dignity and lives in Kaunakakai.

Yamanaka starts introducing the major characters and describes how three children have to live without their mother, face numerous modern problems, and be ready to cope with them. Ivah is the oldest child in this family. She has to take care of her two siblings, Maisie and Blu.

She is the author of the citation, chosen for consideration. These words help to underline the fact that this little girl has nothing to do but forget about her own dreams and helps her relatives. Even if this phrase is all about food and girl’s dreams, it is not that difficult to find out the issues, which are much more serious and significant.

In comparison to her younger siblings, she is introduced as a judicious person. Even in the questions of food, she remains devoted to her own tastes and traditions. The meal that may satisfy the girl is not Asian but Hawaiian. Only “laulau dinner” will stop her hunger. She wants to find her family and herself in Hawaii only. It is their homeland, where they can really be happy and even free.

The problem of race and ethnicity will never be forgotten in literature. People suffer so much from such inequality and fear to be used by another race, higher than their own. Specially, it concerns children. They do not have enough power to resist the already existed rules. They have nothing to do but accept these rules and follow the current flow. Their dreams, hopes, and feelings do not really matter. The ideas of violence and power will be always on their ways.

Is it possible to analyze the character by his/her tastes and preferences in food? To my mind, it is quite real. The language, used by the author, is not that difficult to understand. It underlines rather simple and kind nature of Ivah. She does not want to use complicated words in everyday language; however, she is aware of some traditional food. This fact underlines her knowledge and abilities to learn and remember more things, which are really interesting.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The presence of food in the first chapter is rather significant for the whole novel. One of the most important components of our existence is food. Unfortunately, not all writers pay enough attention to this very issue. Lois-Ann Yamanaka chooses one of the most correct ways to introduce her characters and their problems.

Attention to such details allows the reader to comprehend what may bother ordinary children without parents and without future. The focus on such fact also helps the reader trace how the preferences of the major characters may be changed, taking into consideration the appeared consequences.

The problems of race inequality, national identity, and imperialism are crucial indeed. However, not every reader may grasp their essence if the author just states such difficult for the analysis words.

A clear explanation of the same terms by means of known to everyone words about food, cloth, houses – this is what can be really helpful for the reader. This is what Lois-Ann Yamanaka chooses for her Blu’s Hanging, and this is why the reader easily gets an understanding of dark and unfair times, when an ordinary Japanese family lives.

Works Cited Yamanaka, Lois-Ann. Blu’s Hanging. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1997.

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Sex Offender Registration and Notification Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help

Introduction Criminology or criminal justice is one of the most exciting approaches in social sciences, which aim to analyze a crime as an individual or even social phenomenon. A crime is considered to be a violation of rules and laws set by the government in accordance with the legal regulations.

Usually, any kind of violation is pursued by a certain type of punishment. Unfortunately, nowadays, people can easily find out a way to be punished to a lesser extent or even avoid any kind of punishment. For example, when, in New Jersey, in 1994, Jesse Timmendequas raped and killed Megan Kanka, a 7-year-old girl, he was released within a certain period of time and got an opportunity to continue his crimes and murders.

This action called numerous misunderstandings from society, and was one of the reasons to create a law that requires a registration of all sexual offenders. Megan’s Law is served to notify the vast majority of sexual offenders in society; its study allows to analyze the impact of the law on inhabitants of New Jersey, its effects and effectiveness, and the implementation of the law in the other states of America and even in the whole world.

People should get an opportunity to be protected against offenders and other criminals, and Megan’s Law is one of the brightest steps to make our life more or less normal, as no one can be sure about personal safety and the safety of his/her relatives.

Discussion Megan’s Law: What, Why, and How

Megan’s Law is a general name of the laws, which make the information about sexual offenders available to the public. Usually, state representatives include names, pictures, and addresses of offenders, and the nature of crimes they commit. Such kind of information is available online and in special mass media. So, if a person wants to know whether a sexual offender is living nearby, it is possible to get to know from such sources. Megan’s Law is a good attempt to protect society from numerous sexual offenders.

After their daughter was terribly killed, Richard and Maureen Kanka admit that if the parents have any chance to known more about people live around, they should use it in order to protect their children from sexual predators, who may live nearby. With the help of Megan’s Law, not only parents, but any person can easily find out whether a sexual offender is near or not.

Zgoba and Bachar (2009) present the necessary information about Megan’s Law. It is all about the fact that “sex offenders are required to register with the local police department within a specified time after release from prison.”

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the one hand, such information should be rather helpful and significant for people. On the other hand, such crimes and their publicity mark out the offenders for the rest of their lives and do not allow them to redeem their faults.

What is better: to provide society with an opportunity to know about all sexual offenders or give those offenders a chance to change their lives and be useful for society. However, it is impossible to be sure about past sexual offenders’ good intentions. This is why it is not that easier to be concerned about Megan’s Law effectiveness. Even if the crime does happen, the offender may be justified.

Even if the victim is killed, the killer can have all chances to spend some time in jail, and then continue living and committing numerous crimes. Even if the killer is justified and gets a chance to live among other people, he/she cannot be sure that he/she will get an opportunity to be justified by people, who have already lost someone. There are so many “even if”, and we cannot say for sure what way in order to punish the guilty will be correct after the crime has already committed.

Importance of Research in Criminology Dantzker and Hunter (2000) point out that “research plays a very important role in criminal justice and criminology. It brings questions and answers, debates, and issues.” This is why it is crucially important to conduct researches in order to analyze the effectiveness of the actions taken.

In their article, Sex Offender Registration and Notification: Limited Effects in New Jersey, Zgoba and Bachar present a careful analysis of the effects of Megan’s Law, where they describe three major steps taken during the New Jersey Study: identification of trends, comparison what happed before and after this law’s implementation, and estimation of costs.

Identification of trends helps to define the years after and before the implementation of Megan’s Law. Ten years before and ten years after the law’s implementation are taken under consideration. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports provide this analysis of information.

During the second step, the actions of sexual offenders were carefully analyzed in the frames of certain communities. Their actions, behavior, relations to people around – all this were studied, and some differences were mentioned.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Sex Offender Registration and Notification specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The last stage of research was intended to identify costs, which had to be spent on implementation of the law. Zgoba and Bachar (2009) underline that, in 1995, more than $555,565 was spent to implement the law in New Jersey. In 2006, the analysis showed that more than $3,9 million was received from 15 counties of New Jersey. 15 counties of New Jersey of the total 21 counties have already completed the survey.

Unfortunately, the results of Megan’s Law were not as successful as it should be. The number of victims and sexual offenders does not decrease. People still commit crimes, sexual offences in particular. Of course, inhabitants have more chances to find the protections; however, it is not always in time. Children are under a threat to be offended by sexual predators, and parents should use numerous kinds of protection to be sure about safety of their children.

Limitations in the Study and Possible Improvements As any law set by government, Megan’s Law has its limitations and even shortages. These shortages prevent from getting concrete results in this research and clear effects of the law. First of all, it is necessary to admit that not every sexual crime is reported. There are still some people, who, by certain reasons, do not want to inform the others about the crime committed.

Not all sexual offences are reported, and such keeping back serves as the major cause of not true offending rates. Another challenge that many researchers may face is the fact that Megan’s Law mostly serve as a deterrent but not as support equipment. This is why it is necessary to determine once again the purposes of Megan’s Law and analyze why so many people cannot or do not want to inform about sexual offences and give up a criminal.

In order to make this research more effective, it is better to explain people how exactly their information is important. Even more, it is possible to promise people and provide them with free medical examination and support from police. People should believe that they have a kind of support and may trust someone to share their problems and find appropriate solutions. Dantzker and Hunter (2000) say that to “successfully complete any type of research, it is important to establish a feasible plan or blueprint, the research design.

This plan primarily responds to the common five W’s (who, what, where, when, and why) and H (how) of investigation.” When we talk about sexual offenders and the effectiveness of Megan’s Law, we have a clear explanation of who commit a crime and who should inform about it, what, where, and when is violated. The significant point is why this violation happens. This is why it is necessary to clear up why people commit the crime and why the victims do or do not announce it.

When we should answer how the crime is committed and how research should be conducted, it is better to take into consideration external factors, such as physical and emotional condition of the offender, place, where the crime takes place, and the reasons why the person was chosen as a victim. After researchers consider these facts, it will be much easier to make clear and strong conclusions at the end of the investigation.

Conclusions People cannot stop committing crimes. Usually, offenders have enough ideas to explain why they do this or that and who/what is the reasons. Sometimes, victims may provoke people to commit the crime: it may be their words or behavior, or anything else that may cause negative reactions. The case of Megan Kanka is terrible indeed. This girl was kidnapped, raped, and murdered. She was only 7 year old. Jesse Timmendequas has no right to do those disgusting things and deprive the girl from the opportunity to continue this life.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Sex Offender Registration and Notification by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Megan’s Law is one of the brightest steps, taken by the government in order to underline that such murders play a significant role for society. Of course, the decision to release the murder may be considered as rather unfair. Without any doubts, it cannot be justified. This is why the measures taken to prevent other children are quite justified.

People have the right to know who lives nearby. The question is if people can live close to a person, who has already committed such a terrible crime as rape and kidnapping. Parents know that, somewhere near, a person, who has done terrible things, may repeat the same with their own children. What should they do: change their address or every day live with a thought that something bad may happen.

Sexual offenders’ registration is necessary indeed. However, is it fair that offenders and even killers have the right to continue living within society and frightening people? In order to clear up whether Megan’s Law is necessary or not, it is better to ask people inform about sexual offences. This information may be rather crucial in order to stop violence and provide people with opportunities to live safely.

Reference List Dantzker, M. L. and Hunter, R. D. (2000). Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice: A Primer. Butterworth-Heinemann.

Zgoba, K. M. and Bachar, K. (2009, April 9). Sex Offender Registration and Notification: Limited Effects in New Jersey. National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved from .

Outline

Introduction

Main Body: Megan’s Law: What, Why, and How

Importance of Research in Criminology

Limitations in the Study and Possible Improvements

Conclusions

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American Pragmatism and Analytic Philosophy Essay a level english language essay help

Pragmatism and analytic philosophy are considered to be the two famous traditions in American philosophy. Analytic philosophy started its development in the XX century and spread over numerous English-speaking countries in several years. American pragmatism is one of the tendencies, which considerably influenced the rise of analytic philosophy in the whole world.

American philosophy attracts the attention of many people and is respected by the other cultures and philosophies. Together, analytic philosophy and pragmatism become one of the most unique American movements, which differ in many ways from European philosophy at one and the same period of time and deserve recognition and respect.

Charles Peirce was a father of pragmatism and presented the pragmatic maxim at the end of the 19 century. “Pragmatism, especially in the hands of Peirce, has strong affinities with analytic philosophy and thereby prepared the ground for the latter’s favourable reception from the 1930s onwards.” (Glock 2008)

It is necessary to admit that pragmatism was also contrasted with analytic philosophy and even connected to continental one. According to Peirce, pragmatism was a movement that rejected all ideas of subjectivism and underlined the importance of real effects and truth.

Taking into consideration that analytic philosophy grounds on the ideas that all arguments are crucially important for people, it is quite possible to unite pragmatism and analytic philosophy and prove their power, sense, and uniqueness. The representatives of American analytic philosophy believe that they can achieve the desirable goals and comprehend the essence of this life be means of analysis of language and respect to all natural science.

American people are considered to be rather practical; they prefer to use clear and strong evidences in order to prove their points of view. In such cases, their words will be hardly called in questions, and the vast majority of people will easily accept their ideas. With the help of the ideas taken from natural sciences, their thorough analysis, and concentration of truth, American philosophers can easily present the necessary arguments and amaze the people all over the world.

Lots of European philosophers consider pragmatism as the way of how Americans deal with truth, their knowledge, and evidences. They also find out a deep connection between analytic philosophy and pragmatism as they have the same goals, standpoints, and a certain connection to science.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Such intentions to grasp the truth and follow only reliable ways during life raise American philosophy considerably. Nowadays, American philosophy is associated with American pragmatism that may easily criticize all traditional philosophical ideas with the help of scientific and even social developments.

Lots of people still believe that “pragmatism is the only unique contribution American philosophy has made to the tradition known as Western philosophy.” (Hammer 2003) However, it is necessary to admit that without proper contribution of analytic philosophy, pragmatism will hardly achieve the success that American philosophy has nowadays. People need to believe in something, and they need to have certain concepts to rely on.

This is why the traditions, offered by the representatives of pragmatism and analytic philosophy such as Charles Peirce, William James, and John Dewey, significance of arguments, and truth turn out to be rather unique and important for Americans, distinguish American philosophy from the other countries, nations, and their traditions, and make a lot of European philosopher respect the chosen approaches.

Reference List Glock, H. J. (2008). What Is Analytic Philosophy? Cambridge University Press.

Hammer, M. G. (2003). American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy. Oxford University Press US.

Outline

Introduction

Main Body: Pragmatism

Analytic Philosophy

European Attitude to American Philosophy

Conclusion

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Sun Chief: The Meaning of Don Talayesva’s Journey with the Help of The Rites of Passage by Arnold van Gennep Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Sun Chief is a story of Don C. Talayesva, a Hopi Indian, who has to tear between two different worlds and two different cultures in order to comprehend whom he should be and why. This autobiographical story is devoted to Leo Simmons, who was a white man and the author’s clan brother. Sun Chief is one of the most excellent accounts about the life of a Hopi person during the times of great changes, sever conflicts, and numerous splits in villages.

This is not only a simple story about life, this work may also serve as a reliable document about the life in primitive societies and troubles, which may be on their ways. In order to comprehend better the essence of Sun Chief and get the main idea, which Don Talayesva wanted to introduce, it is necessary to consider the work by Arnold van Gennep, The Rites of Passage, where a certain attention is paid to each important ritual in man’s life.

“Each larger society contains within it several distinctly separate social groupings. As we move from higher to lower levels of civilization, the differences among these groups become accentuated and their autonomy increases.” (Gennep et al. 1) When a person starts reading someone’s autobiography, it is necessary to know a scheme according to which the story may be introduced. Birth, maturity, marriages, and death are considered to be one of the most important stages in the life of each person.

Arnold van Gennep pays special attention to each of these steps, describes their importance, and underlines the major characteristics of each period. He perfectly describes each rite of passage and presents interesting insights in order to use and analyze them in our every day life. This work influences lots of anthropologists as it introduces a captivating theoretical framework that helps to explain numerous cultural beliefs.

Without any doubts, Sun Chief is a book written by an anthropologist for anthropologist. Not every reader is able to get the main idea of what Don Talayesva is going to explain. This is why The Rites of Passage turns out to be rather helpful to explain all those anthropological things to ordinary readers. Sun Chief provides the reader with a chance to learn the life of Indian community from inside.

Each ritual and each step of life in the ordinary Indian tribe has its reason and time. It is quite possible that the author of the story, Don Talayesva, does not concentrate on the importance of each tradition and presents each step as an obligatory one.

Readers, who are not aware of the Indian traditions, will hardly comprehend how significant each step in the life of young Talayesva. With the help of Gennep, the reader can find the thing that is crucially important in order to unite each piece of information, presented in Sun Chief.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The description of salt expedition may serve as a good example of the above-mentioned situation. Is it really important to be a member of salt expedition in our every day life? Hardly! This is why, due to Gennep emphasis, the reader should pay certain attention to this event, as more than three pages are devoted to this event. “Each of us wrapped our feathers in separate paper bags and smoked the mountain tobacco, exchanging kinship terms.” (Talayesva 234)

Is it possible that smoking and wrapping feathers play such a role in the life of a person? In Indian tribes, such things are quite normal. It is also necessary to admit that each ritual implies the other obligations, which have to be followed.

For example, after Don Talayesva wraps his feathers, his mother underlines that he should “stay away from girls tonight.” (Talayesva 234) The analysis of ceremony groups helps us to clear up that admission to certain ceremonies usually depends on gender, age, and even family relations. If you do not reach certain age or you are a female, you do not have the right to be a participant at the salt expedition.

If you are a little boy or girl, you cannot watch childbirth and have to be sent somewhere. For example, when Don Talayesva was born, the author mentions that his sister Tuvamainim and his little brother Namostewa” were sent to a neighbor’s house. Also, his dad decided to help his mother, “which was rather unusual for a Hopi husband.” (Talayesva 26)

Each stage of life has its own rules and peculiarities. Sometimes, people are eager to take into consideration these concepts and follow them. Don Talayesva is one of the most captivating narrators. Of course, not each piece of information he presents is clear, however, the work by Arnold van Gennep helps to clear everything up.

Rites of passages play a very important role. For Hopi, one of such rituals was a slat expedition, and Don Talayesva perfectly described it in his Sun Chief and provided the reader with an opportunity to learn more about the history of Indian tribes.

Works Cited Gennep, Arnold, Vizedon, Monika B, and Caffee, Gabriel L. The Rites of Passage. Routledge, 2004.

We will write a custom Essay on Sun Chief: The Meaning of Don Talayesva’s Journey with the Help of The Rites of Passage by Arnold van Gennep specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Talayesva, Don, Simmons, Leo W, and Hine, Robert, V. Sun Chief: The Autobiography of a Hopi Indian. Yale University Press, 1963.

Outline

Introduction

Main Body: The Rites of Passage by Arnold van Gennep

Sun Chief by Don Talayesva

Meaning of Don Talayesva’s Journey and The Rites of Passage

Conclusion

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Kant’s Categorical Imperative vs. Kierkegaard’s Notion of Faith Essay writing essay help

This paper will examine the conflict between Kant’s moral theory (his categorical imperative) and Kierkegaard’s notion of faith. It will defend Kant’s claim against Kierkegaard’s theory that faith is not a legitimate reason to disregards morality. The reason of why Kant’s ideas are preferable to me is that the categorical imperative allows to define what actions are obligatory and which ones should be forbidden and to choose the way that is more correct and not contradictory to moral norms and society.

Immanuel Kant is considered to be one of the greatest and the most famous German philosophers of the 18th century. He created a truly widespread theory that influences society even now. His moral theory and his categorical imperative remain one of the central philosophical concepts of all the times. In 1785, this great philosopher introduced Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals.

One of the purposes of this work was to help people get a clear understanding of what moral principles are all about in order to avert possible distractions. Lots of people may say that Kant’s ideas are something that is really hard to comprehend. However, his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals is not that difficult to analyze in comparison to the works of some other philosophers.

Kant’s moral theory is based on the concept of good will. Moral knowledge is something that has lots of powers and should be a prior for all humankind. Without any doubts, Kant’s moral theory is rather complex, but at the heart of this theory, the only principle may be found; it is the categorical imperative. The idea of the categorical imperative lies in the fact that one may determine someone’s duty and decide what principles are proper and which ones are not.

“The imperative thus says which action possible by me would be good, and represents a practical rule in relation to a will that does not straightaway do an action just because it is good, partly because the subject does not always know that it is good, partly because, even if he knows this, his maxims could still be opposed to the objective principles of a practical reason.” (Kant and Gregor, 1998)

According to Kant, a maxim is one of the guiding principles of any action. With the help of maxims, people get a clear understanding of what should be done, and even how these things need to be done. Immanuel Kant was one of those believers, who proved that any person has the right to make choices. Freedom and reasons of actions are the two things, which distinguish people from animals, and we should lose this characteristic.

People just have to be free in order to be ready to perform all our duties. If people do not believe that they have enough freedom, they cannot be able to complete their duties, this is why the verb “have to” may be changed into “can or cannot”. People should give promises only in cases they are absolutely sure about their words and may keep them. Otherwise, if the words are not kept, and human promises are false, human life turns out to be senseless and all the beliefs are not true.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Søren Aabye Kierkegaard is another philosopher, who offered his ideas concerning faith, duties, and responsibility. In comparison to Kant’s rationalism, Kierkegaard is regarded to be an absurd thinker, who believes in subjectivism of ethics. In fact, Kierkegaard was one of the Kant’s followers.

He used Kant’s ideas as a basis for his own inquiry of faith. Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling is one of the best examples, which demonstrate his grounding on Kant’s ideas and standpoints. This Danish philosopher and, at the same time, a devoted theologian tries to prove that faith is not a simple formula, but something that people should reach only after certain divine inquiries are satisfied.

According to Kierkegaard, faith is a kind of leap to the absurd. People should trust upon something and believe in it. However, this something cannot possible be. This is why Kierkegaard’s notion of faith may be considered as rather paradoxical.

“A paradox enters in and a humble courage is required to grasp the whole of the temporal by virtue of the absurd, and this is the courage of faith. By faith Abraham did not renounce his claim upon Isaac, but by faith he got Isaac.” (Kierkegaard, 2008)

In this story about Abraham, Kierkegaard introduces this character as someone, who does not want to accept universal ethical principles in order to demonstrate his devotion to God. Abraham’s faith makes him break all those ethical norms; and this is what create an absurd line in the story.

Of course, it is quite possible to find some points in Kierkegaard’s story to admire. However, his extremism and idea that personal promise to the divine is the only thing that may glorify God cannot be considered as the most absurd things inherent to people. Kierkegaard does not show how exactly human belief in God may be absurd. He uses the word ‘absurd’ so many times, however, does not catch its uniqueness and make it an ordinary word.

This is why the faith, presented by Kierkegaard, may be called as the paradoxical nature of faith. This philosopher does not have any reservation about dealing with the things he calls absurd. However, at the same time, faith seems to be an eminently paradox, where a person tries to isolate him/herself in the sphere that is much higher than a universe.

We will write a custom Essay on Kant’s Categorical Imperative vs. Kierkegaard’s Notion of Faith specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After I compare the ideas of two philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Søren Kierkegaard concerning human’s faith and duty, it turns out to be rather easy to take one certain position and explain the choice. People truly believe that God is absolute. He has enough powers to control any situation and be fair.

Both Kant and Kierkegaard present lots of arguments in order to prove their points of view. Their arguments also have certain drawbacks, but Kant’s position and his rational belief provides us, ordinary people, with better opportunity to understand deeper the relations between religion and ethics.

Kierkegaard’s notion of faith may be considered as a bit weak because it is based on the principle of divine revelation and the idea that clear interaction between ethics and faith may be hardly found out at all. Without any doubts, people just cannot leave without a thought that something may control their lives somehow and show the necessary ways out. However, the idea of the right of choice is crucial indeed.

We should take certain actions and believe in the things, which will not hurt other people and destroy their future. People should be free and, at the same time, have something to believe in. However, all those believes should not stay on the way to clear understanding of this life and its essence. People are unique creatures, who have a wonderful opportunity to choose.

This is what Kant tells about in his work. His universalism and ethical system are clearly detached from human relations and their abilities in accordance with moral principles, which are inherent to all people. This is why interaction that happens between humans and the experience they get play a very important role and help to realize that freedom is much more significant than faith and any other concepts offered by different philosophers.

Kant’s moral theory is rather deontological: human actions may be considered as right ones only in virtue of their real motives. These motives should be derived from duties, people promise to complete. According to Kant, people should think and choose taking into consideration their faith and moral principles, which are also called maxims.

Kierkegaard has another, not less interesting position about human’s duties and faith, however, his ideas turn out to be rather absurd and face numerous drawbacks. Of course, the theories presented by either Kierkegaard or Kant are quite inadequate: they neglect the idea of interpersonal relations and do not pay too much attention that such interactions may be rather important for formulation of moral issues.

This is why Kant’s ideas are closer to society and may be fixed in accordance with new preferences and interests. People always have a chance to perform the functions of responsible agents, but it remains crucially important to consider moral principles, which are obtained by society.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Kant’s Categorical Imperative vs. Kierkegaard’s Notion of Faith by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference List Kant, I.

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