Assimilation is a term used to refer to different cultural groups moving into a new place or region for settlement. Immediately they settle on their new land, these ethnic groups normally acquire the customs and cultures of those they found in the region through communication.
They also normally contribute their own culture to the new society they have inhabited. Assimilation is, however, a gradual process which occurs in different levels: a person becomes fully assimilated when they cannot be differentiated from the original members of the new society. Full assimilation does not occur to the first generation, instead, it occurs to the second generation. There are three types of assimilation, which include cultural assimilation, social assimilation, and identity assimilation.
On the other hand, ethnic pluralism/multiculturalism is a term used to describe those people who have moved into new society but are not culturally assimilated; they normally retain their cultural differences. This is the main difference that exists between assimilation and ethnic pluralism.
Nevertheless, there is a similarity between the two since full assimilation normally occur to the second generation. This, therefore, means that the first generation in the process of assimilation usually retains their cultural differences just like ethnic pluralism/multiculturalism.
The first generation in the process of cultural assimilation is normally good at their native language as compared to the foreign language as they cannot speak fluent English. This is another similarity that exists between assimilation and ethnic pluralism. America is an example of a society with ethnic pluralism; it has multitude of different cultures and ethnic groups. There are two types of ethnic pluralism/multicultural societies, which include dominant majority culture and different persisting ethnic/immigrant cultures.
Lastly, transnationalism is any social process that occurs across different national boundaries. This, therefore, means that transnationalism refers to a social phenomenon which involves interconnectivity among the persons and the receding social and economic importance between different states. Transnational migrants are constantly on the move across national borders; they normally do not stay in one country like those who have been assimilated or in the case of ethnic pluralism.
This is the main difference that exists between transnationalism, assimilation, and ethnic pluralism. The process of assimilation and multiculturalism/ethnic pluralism involves people moving or migrating to new society, settling there for a long term or permanently and then later on eventually becoming socially and culturally assimilated. However, in transnationalism, individuals move from one nation to another for economic and social purposes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nevertheless, the main similarity between assimilation, ethnic pluralism and transnationalism is that they all involve movement from one location to another. Unlike the case of assimilation and ethnic pluralism, in transnationalism, migrants maintain social ties and connections with their home country.
The migrants usually send and receive things from their native countries. This process is similar to ethnic pluralism whereby individuals maintains contact with their native homes. They can receive and, at the same time, send things to their native country, especially to their loved ones and family. This, however, does not occur in assimilation process. There are two types of transnationalism which include economic transnationalism and political transnationalism.
In economic transnationalism, individuals do not only have an impact on their host country economically but also maintain economic ties with their home/native nations. This is whereby individuals send money home to support their family and also maintain business ties with their home country through imports and exports to immigrant communities. The best way for immigrants to adapt to host society is through transnationalism.
East Meets West Essay writing essay help
This paper describes intriguing accounts of various encounters of people between the ninth and 17th century. Ibn Fadlan, an Arab Chronicler, gives an account of his encounter with the Rus (One of the Swedish tribes) in the ninth century. Fadlan experienced a different culture from his Arabic. He described it as an alien and backward culture. Referring to the Rus, he says, “They are the filthiest of God’s creatures”.
Xavier, a Jesuit missionary, gave a historic account of his first encounter with the Japanese people in the 15th century. He described the Japanese as the best people known among the heathens. “Portuguese Views of Chinese” is an account of the first impression the Portuguese had upon encountering the Chinese.
Canton described the Chinese as foolish people without knowledge of war. He also described, He also described the Portuguese plan to invade and conquer China through a military warfare. “Commentary on Foreigners from Ming official” is a description of the opinions of the Chinese about foreigners. According to the commentary, the foreigners invaded China at first without much effect.
They were friendly in their engagements. However, their settlement and participation in Chinese trade had become intolerable because of their infiltration of Chinese culture with their foreign cultures. The Ming official described a plan of evicting foreigners from the Kingdom of Ming in the commentary.
In general, East Meets West is a description of various encounters of people between ninth and 17th century. Each of the four encounters had a different reception by the involved parties. The Eastern and Western encounters formed a prelude to major trends in world history. Briefly, the four perspectives of encounters of different people in the past had similar reactions.
St. Francis Xavier, a Jesuit missionary of the 15th century, landed in Japan in 1552 on a missionary journey to spread Christianity. The warm reception he was given by the Japanese made him describe them as “courteous people”. He described the Japanese as the best and most friendly people in the heathen world. He described them as slow to anger and violence, despite their high regard for arms.
Xavier also described the Japanese as people who had high regard for their arms and intolerance of contemptuous words and insults. He envisioned an easy missionary work of converting Japanese people to Christianity because of their high literacy and willingness to listen to foreign ideas. Besides many praises, Xavier also described the Japanese people as sinners because of their tolerance of some social evils such as the generational class system.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Fadlan described the Rus as a backward people with primitive cultural practices. He described the fondness and love of Rus men for women. He noted in his encounter that each man had several slave girls for his sexual gratification. This cultural orientation made Fadlan describe the Rus as filthy people with barbaric cultural practices. Backward funerary rituals and human sacrifice are among the cultural practices of the Rus people that Fadlan regarded as barbaric.
These cultural practices are different from the Islamic practices known to Fadlan. He saw several men line up to have sex with one slave girl in a funeral ceremony. Fadlan found this an awkward and filthy practice. Fadlan encountered the Rus on an emissary journey to the King of Bulgars of Middle Voga in 921 A.D. He was in service of the Caliph of Baghdad. The encounter can be described as positive because of the warm reception he was given by his horsts in their territory and guidance to understand their culture.
The Portuguese people encountered the Chinese in the 13th century as trading partners. Although, their first voyages were navigational and missionary ventures for exploring new lands and spreading Christianity, the Portuguese also explored mineral resources that interested their country. The Portuguese exchanged silver with Chinese ceramics, silk, and cotton.
The Chinese people accorded the Portuguese visitors a warm reception and accommodation without resistance. The Portuguese took courtesy of their horsts for foolishness and cowardice. In a letter written by Canton in 1517, the writer described the Chinese as foolish and cowardly people who had never fought in a war. Canton also described them as people with high regard for themselves. He said that the Chinese people referred to foreigners as savages and their country as the kingdom of God.
Despite the warm reception towards the Portuguese, Canton described in the letter the ill motives of Portugal to attack and conquer this new foreign land. The Portuguese wanted to control Chinese trade and gain profit from the immense resources of China. They successfully besieged and took control of all trade routes in the Indian Ocean in the 15th and 16th centuries. They introduced the pass system, otherwise called the Cartaz, which required all merchants in the trade network to pay a fee to them.
The commentary on foreigners from a Ming official was a negative reaction the Chinese people developed against foreigners. The Portuguese and Spaniards entered China as trade partners. However, their settlement in the Asian country caused inconveniences to the Chinese. The Portuguese infiltrated Chinese culture with western lifestyle, which the Chinese people considered backward. In this commentary, the Chinese people wished for the quick exit of all foreigners from their land.
This perspective differs from the first view the Portuguese had about the Chinese. The Portuguese viewed Chinese foolish and cowardly people in a rich territory for them to conquer. In the second perspective, the Chinese people discovered the ill motives of their visitors and wanted to terminate their relationship with them.
We will write a custom Essay on East Meets West specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, the above description of the four perspectives showed that various people in the past reacted differently to encounters with others. Fadlan’s encounter with the Rus people was intriguing. He encountered a sharp clash of cultures and religious practices. Fadlan encountered funerary rituals that were unheard off in Baghdad.
Xavier’s encounter with the Japanese people was awe striking. Xavier described the Japanese as the best people among the heathens. The Portuguese encounter with the Chinese people was very positive during the first time. However, with time, the Chinese developed hatred for foreigners because of the clash between western culture and local Chinese culture.
Bibliography Montgomery, James E. “Ibn Fadlan and the Rusiyyah”.” Journal of Arabic and IslamicStudies 3, (2000):n.p. Print
Tignor, Robert. “Contact Comerce, and Colonization. 1450s-1600.” In Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the Modern World from the Mongol Empire to the Present, by Robert Tignor, 511-550. New York : Norton
Spare the Rod and Save the Child Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Societal obligation to morality
Introduction The society tasks parents with the obligation of disciplining their children. This ensures that the children become morally upright adults in future. Disciplining children at an early age is more effective than disciplining children when they are much older. Failure to discipline children may have dire consequences. However, the means of disciplining children have been a source of heated debate. Various parties argue that spanking is an efficient form of disciplining children.
On the other hand, other parties argue that spanking children may do more harm than good. In the US, the black community has historically been a victim of discrimination. Therefore, the black community believes that a black child’s indiscipline may have dire consequences than that of a white child. Hence, parents should use all the necessary means to ensure that their children are well-behaved. Spanking is one of the means of disciplining children that parents may use (Patton para 3).
Spanking Childhood mistreatment has dire consequences on the psychological development of a child. However, there is no clear understanding of the effects of spanking on the psychological development of a child (Healy para 2).
Research conducted by two Canadian universities showed that adults who received physical punishment during their childhood, had a higher risk of suffering from personality disorders and substance abuse (Banks para 4). The research linked between two and seven percent of mental disorders to childhood physical punishment. The research concluded that parents should not use physical punishment to discipline their children regardless of their age (Healy para 3).
However, the research did not determine whether mental disorder may be the primary reason why parents spanked the children. Emotionally disturbed children may engage in mischievous activities, which may irritate their parents. This may make their parents spank them (Banks para 14). The parents may believe that spanking prevents the development of ill behaviors.
Generally, the black society believes that spanking children prevents them from various societal ills (Patton para 9). Therefore, parents believe that they are spanking their children as a means of offering love and support (McLoyd, Hill and Dodge 255). However, spanking may make children engage in the activities that parents loathe.
The black community’s has a controversial stand on physical punishment. Despite the fact that the NAACP opposes corporal punishment in schools, the organization supports physical punishment of children by their parents (Patton para 15). Therefore, it is ironical for the organization to support physical punishment in one setting and oppose it in a different setting. The organization should have one stand on physical punishment regardless of the setting.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Societal obligation to morality According to Singer, it is the duty of everybody in the society to ensure that the society has acceptable moral standards. It is the duty of a morally upright society to strive to reduce the suffering of other people. Singer presents his argument by claiming that it is wrong for individuals within the society to die due to lack of food, shelter or medical care (Singer para 5). Everyone in the society should have access to these basic needs.
It is the duty of individuals within the society to prevent such deaths from occurring. However, in so doing, the society must not sacrifice something that is of comparable moral importance (Singer para 6). It is wrong for an individual to watch as a child drowns in a pond when the individual can prevent the death. The individual should prevent the child from drowning. This is despite the fact that this may make the clothes of the individual become muddy (Singer para 7).
According to Springer, it is the duty of the society to ensure that something bad does not happen. Springer argues that anybody who has the financial means of easing the suffering of other people should do so. Helping the poor is not charity; it is the duty of everyone in the society.
The society usually praises people who are charitable but does not condemn people who are not charitable. However, this should not be the case. According to Springer, the society should force people who are not charitable to feel guilty by condemning them (Singer para 15). This would encourage more people to be charitable. Thus, being charitable should a be a societal norm.
People usually condemn people who violate various societal norms. People who steal personal or public property may receive moral condemnation from the society. However, the society does not condemn people who indulge in luxury instead of helping the poor or victims of natural disasters. The society should condemn such people. Both failure to help poor and stealing, lead to suffering of the people concerned.
Therefore, the society should reserve equal moral condemnation to both thieves and people who do not give to charity (Singer para 18). The moral needs of the society usually determine the attitudes that a society may have towards certain actions. Therefore, one may argue that it is not vital to reduce the suffering of people in other societies. However, people should not prevent suffering only within their societies. People should also prevent the suffering of people in other societies (Singer para 19).
In alleviating suffering in the society, the major issue is the quantity that one should give. According to Singer, one may give until they reach the level of marginal utility. This is the level at which if one gives more, the individual will experience similar suffering. However, this denigrates the contributor of the aid to the level of the recepient of the aid (Singer para 21). Therefore, it is wrong to for people to give until they reach the level of marginal utility. This is because giving may cause harm to the individual or the dependents of the individual.
We will write a custom Essay on Spare the Rod and Save the Child specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Therefore, using Singer’s argument, it is the duty of the society to ensure proper upbringing of children. In ensuring the proper upbringing of children, the society should not sacrifice something that is of equal moral importance.
Therefore, the society should ensure that parents bring up their children well. However, in so doing, the society should not demean the authority of parents, such that children are no longer respectful to the parents. Failure to spank children does not demean the authority of the children. However, spanking may have long term effects on the children.
Therefore, the society should not spank children at the expense of their future well-being. Spanking children may reduce the immorality of the children. However, spanking may sacrifice something of equal moral importance – the future psychological well-being of the children. Parents or guardians should use means of disciplining children are as effective or more effective than spanking.
Works Cited Banks, Sandy. “Study fuels spanking debate.” LA Times, n.d. Print.
Healy, Michelle. “Spanking’s effects can linger.” USA Today, n.d. Print.
McLoyd, Vonnie C., Hill, Nancy E. and Dodge, Kenneth A. African American family life: Ecological and cultural diversity. Spring Street, NY: Guilford Press, 2005. Print.
Patton, Stacey. “Does the NAACP think it’s okay to hit your kids?” Chronicle of Higher Education, n.d. Print.
Singer, Peter. “Famine, affluence, and morality.” Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol.1 no. 3, 1972. Print.
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The Concepts of Migration and Its Types Essay custom essay help
Migration refers to a situation where individuals and /or family members relocate to a foreign country or region to ameliorate their economic or social prospects. According to the United Nations, a migrant is someone who has lived in a foreign country for a period exceeding one year, regardless of the circumstances that prompted them to move.
Considering this definition, those visiting for shorter durations cannot be classified as migrants. There are several concepts that relate to migration. They include transnationalism, transnational migrants, and migrant transnationalism. Transnationalism refers to any social process that surpasses national borders.
These activities are not confined to a particular country or region. Transnational migrants are those in constant motion. They constantly cross national borders as opposed to settling in one country. Migrant transnationalism refers to a situation where migrants retain and maintain ties with their home countries. This accords them an opportunity to participate in affairs of the host country, as well as their home country.
There are various types of migrant transnationalism. They include economic transnationalism, and political transnationalism. In economic transnationalism, migrants contribute to the economy of the host country, as well as maintain relations with their home country. Such migrants send money back to their country of origin. These remittances are meant to support families that were left behind by the migrants.
The remittances largely impact on the economies of sending countries. In political transnationalism, immigrants participate actively in political activities both in the host and home country. Most immigrants retain right to vote in their home country. However, migrant transnationalism is not a new occurrence. In contemporary society, migration is made easier by technological advancements and developments in international mass media. These factors have increased the visibility of migrant transnationalism.
Migration impacts heavily on the identity of immigrants. Identity refers to consciousness of belonging to a certain social grouping. Types of identity are ethnic identity, national identity, occupational identity, and social class identity. Migration plays a key role in altering identity of individuals.
In migration trends, women are constantly put to focus. Most immigrant women find it difficult to move around and search for employment in the host country. Any form of movement by women impacts negatively on familial bond and structure. This is attributed to the fact that family relations and interactions are anchored on women.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If women are away from their families for long periods, the family gets to realign itself to the prevailing circumstances. Immigrant women earn less compared to men. This is because women are mostly semi-skilled. This makes it difficult for them to get well-paying jobs. In many societies around the world, women are required to stay at home and look after children. This means that immigrant women do not get support from their male partners. Therefore, migration for women is an occasion for possible rejection.
It is evident that women face numerous challenges relating to migration. Women find it difficult to move around with their families. Consequently, they have to arrange on how their families will be catered for in their absence. Immigrant women often perform jobs that are lowly ranked in society.
They work as sexual workers, caregivers, and domestic household workers. These jobs attract poor compensation rates. Women are disadvantaged by their subordinate gender position in society. Their jobs are exploitative and demeaning.
Most women migrate for economic reasons. Others are forced to migrate in order to escape abusive spouses. Others migrate to reunite with their families. Women have more to lose in comparison to men. The circumstances surrounding migration of women are difficult and unique. Women face difficulty in finding employment in host countries. However, men are well placed in terms of employment prospects in the host country.
The Road to the White House, 2012 Essay online essay help: online essay help
Introduction Voter turnout is an important aspect of a free and fair election in a democratic system of governance. A high voter turnout is deemed to be a sign of a healthy democracy (Lee 32). Even though America is one of the leading democracies in the world, its voter turnout has historically remained very low. In the last four decades, the participation of citizens in general elections has been steadily declining due to a myriad of socio-political factors. This paper highlights the measures that can be taken to improve voter turnout in the United States.
Low voter turnout in the US is attributed to the emergence of candidate-oriented campaigns, inadequate electoral competition and the decline in the popularity of party politics (Green and Gerber 66). The rise of a hypercritical press has also contributed to the low voter turnout. Since these factors are difficult to address, more citizens are likely to shy away from the electoral process in the future. However, the following measures can help in motivating citizens to participate in elections.
First, the current electoral process should be replaced with a proportional representation system. The current system discourages voters from participating in elections since a candidate can be declared the winner even if he wins in fewer states than his competitor (Green and Gerber 111).
A candidate can also be declared the winner despite garnering fewer votes than his competitor. This happened in 2000 when Bush was declared the winner despite having fewer votes than Gore. These weaknesses demonstrate that the voters have a limited ability to select their leaders through the voting system. A propositional representation system will eliminate these weaknesses by assuring the voters that their votes will be the ultimate determinant of the country’s future leadership.
Second, some laws that govern the voting process should be changed. Concisely, the voting hours should be extended to allow more people to participate.
Most eligible voters fail to vote due to work commitments. Similarly, conducting elections on weekdays often discourage the working class from participating. Consequently, high voter turnout can be achieved by conducting the elections on weekends. Third, the campaign period should be reduced. Traditionally, lengthy campaigns are expected to give voters adequate time to evaluate the candidates.
In the contrary, long campaigns divert the voters’ attention from campaign activities. Empirical studies reveal that “most voters lack the psychological preparation that facilitates close attention to campaigns when the Election Day is still months away” (Lee 98). Besides, voters are likely to lose interest in campaigns that last for a very long time. Hence, long campaigns produce an uninformed electorate, thereby discouraging participation in elections.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Third, the voter registration process should be reformed. In most states, the registration process is often stopped, at least, two weeks prior to the Election Day. However, most citizens are hardly aware of the registration deadline. Besides, some voters find it difficult to register due to time constraints. Consequently, the registration deadline should be extended.
Registration should be allowed on the Election Day in order to give more citizens the opportunity to participate. The registration process can also be made automatic. For instance, the government can use the list of registered citizens (holders of national identification cards) to create the voters register. Fourth, the media can help in motivating citizens to participate in elections (Green and Gerber 132).
The print and electronic media play an integral role in informing the public about campaign events such as presidential debates, as well as, the policies of each candidate. However, the media has systematically reduced its coverage of political activities in favor of commercial adverts. The electorate is likely to be well informed if the coverage of political events is increased. Thus, the voters will have an incentive to vote.
Fifth, civic education should be improved in the United States. Most citizens are not aware of the importance of participating in elections. Thus, comprehensive civic educational programs should be used to sensitize the citizens on the benefits of participating in elections. Finally, conducting opinion polls prior to the elections should be prohibited.
Traditionally, opinion polls are used to predict the results of the general elections (Lee 122). Voter turnout tends to be low when the polls predict a landslide victory. This is because the citizens tend to believe that their votes will not change the results. Prohibiting polling activities during the campaigns will make it difficult to predict the results. Thus, more citizens are likely to participate in the elections.
Collaborative Essay The Road to the White House, 2012, by All of Us
The main issues in the 2012 presidential elections include economic growth, unemployment and tax policy (Gallup). Additionally, the voters are concerned about the management of the country’s public debt. National security and foreign policies have also featured prominently in the presidential campaigns.
The Republicans have been criticizing President Obama’s economic and energy development policies since the beginning of the campaigns. Obama intends to extend the tax cuts that were introduced by Bush’s administration. The tax cuts are expected to benefit citizens whose income is less than $ 250,000. However, the president has promised to end the tax cuts that are currently being enjoyed by the wealthy.
We will write a custom Essay on The Road to the White House, 2012 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Romney, on the other hand, intends to reform the tax system by introducing a new set of tax cuts. For instance, he has proposed a 20% reduction on personal income tax rate. He has also proposed a reduction in corporate tax by 5 percentage points, as well as, the elimination of the estate and capital gain taxes. In 2011, Obama focused on pursuing green energy development policies.
However, in early 2012 he made a dramatic change in his energy development policy by deciding to exploit all energy sources rather than focusing on clean energy. Romney, on the other hand, favors the development of non-renewable energy sources such as oil and gas. His energy policy is based on the premise that the non-renewable energy sector can create more jobs and significantly improve energy supply in America.
The Republican presidential primaries began in 2011 with several candidates competing for the party’s nomination. By February 2012, there were only four candidates left in the competition. They included Mitt Romney, Newt Gingrich, Ron Paul and Rick Santorum. Romney was nominated as the party’s presidential candidate in May, after winning the support of 1,144 delegates. President Obama was nominated as the presidential candidate for the Democratic Party in September after he won the support of more than 2778 delegates.
The Republicans held their national convention in August 2012, whereas the Democrats held their convention in September 2012. During these conventions, the parties focused on criticizing each other. The parties seemed to have adopted similar political values. Consequently, the conventions produced political strategies which were more or less the same.
The Republicans focused on highlighting the weaknesses of their opponents by describing them as people who discourage individual success and free enterprise (Harris and Vandehei). The Republicans also described their opponents as people who prefer the European-style welfare state.
The Democrats adopted a similar approach by describing their opponents as people who look alike and have little concern for the less fortunate. The Democrats also accused their opponents of having the intentions to control Americans’ sexual and reproductive freedom. Most voters find it difficult to make a decision concerning the candidate to vote for due to the similarities in the policies and political strategies that have been adopted by the two parties.
Since the beginning of the campaigns, the candidates have focused on popularizing their policies in order to win voters’ support. Romney was deemed to be the winner of the first presidential debate. However, Obama was considered to be the winner of the second and the third debates (Gallup).
In the third debate, Obama won the support of the audience by clearly specifying his positions on foreign policy and his past achievements. Generally, Obama has received favorable ratings on healthcare, energy and taxes. Romney, on the other hand, has received positive ratings on economic policy, as well as, his stand on federal budget deficit. The results of the 2012 presidential election will be determined primarily by the candidates’ ability to articulate the socio-economic issues that the country is grappling with.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Road to the White House, 2012 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Gallup. This Week’s Top Stories. Gallup, 27 Oct. 2012. Web.
Green, Donald and Alan Gerber. Get Out the Vote: How to Increase Voter Turnout. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print.
Harris, John and Vandehei Jim. Two Conventions Tell the Tale of 2012. Politico, 7 Sep. 2012. Web.
Lee. American Voter Turnout: an Institutional Perspective. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.
Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand Held Equipment Term Paper essay help: essay help
Introduction Rapid industrialization in the United States has facilitated the invention of several tools and equipment which are used to produce various goods. Hand and portable powered tools are commonly used in workshops to repair or to manufacture new goods. However, these tools are also health hazards at the workplace (Tillman, 2007, p. 45). Hand and portable powered tools often cause fatal injuries, especially, if they are not used appropriately.
In the US, more than 400,000 emergency room visits per year are attributed to the injuries that occur due to the use of hand and powered tools. Consequently, employers and employees must take the necessary precautions to avoid the injuries that occur due to the use of these tools. This paper will highlight the significant regulatory requirements, the potential hazards, as well as, the recommendations for controlling the hazards that are associated with the use of hand and portable powered tools.
The Regulatory Requirements OSHA requires all employers to ensure that the tools that are being used in their organizations are safe. The employers are also required to collaborate with their employees in order to identify workplace hazards and to implement measures that can help to control the identified hazards. The employees, on the other hand, are required to use the tools responsibly in order to avoid injuries. In this regard, OSHA requires users of hand and powered tools to observe the following regulations.
First, guards must be provided to protect employees from the injuries that can be caused by the exposed moving parts of a hand held equipment or a powered tool (OSHA, 2012). Some of the tools that require safety guards include shafts and flywheels. These tools must always be fitted with safety guards in order to prevent accidents or injuries at the workplace.
Second, all electric tools must be fitted with a three-wire cord that is connected to a ground receptacle. The cord must also be double insulated in order to prevent shocks. Electric tools must be operated according to their manufacturers’ recommendations. Thus, the employers must ensure that all tools have user manuals that guide their use. Additionally, electric tools should be operated in areas with adequate light in order to avoid wrong connections and tripping hazards that can be caused by the tools’ power cords.
Third, pneumatic tools such as chippers and drills must be checked on a regular basis in order to ensure that they are properly fitted to the air hose. The users of these tools must examine them on a regular basis in order to identify and repair the damaged parts (OSHA, 2012). Employers are required to restrict access to areas where tools are being used in order to prevent injuries. Finally, the employees must be trained to use the tools and equipment appropriately.
Potential Hazards and the Typical Areas where they May be Present Hand and portable powered tools are associated with the following hazards. Inappropriate use of hand and powered tools is one of the major causes of injuries at the workplace.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Concisely, tools such as chisels are likely to break if they are used for the wrong purposes. The broken pieces can fly off and hit the user or his fellow workers. Similarly, a hummer with a wooden handle that is either damaged or loosely fitted can cause a fatal accident.
In this case, the hummer’s head is likely to fly off and injure the person who is using it or other workers. Moving parts of equipment such as blades and belts can cause serious cuts if they are not fitted with safety guards (Bohle
Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror Essay a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The act in which a person legally challenges unlawful incarceration is called Habeas Corpus. In the American context, Habeas Corpus is about correcting the violations of human liberty by conducting a judicial inquiry into the legal grounds on which an individual has been detained by a state or federal authority. The American political and social culture revolve around the protection of civil liberties and rights that are manifested in the Declaration of Independence, The Constitution and The Bill of Rights.
Origin The Habeas Corpus Act was first used in England as common law. It was to be found in the Magna Carta though in an ambiguous form. Only the king had the authority to convene a jury. However, King Henry never granted this to the private courts. The petitioner had the privileges of withdrawing a case from the common courts to be tried in the royal courts.
Further changes occurred on the Act during the reign of King Edward 1(Halliday, 2010). In America, the writ can be traced to the passing of the Judiciary Act of 1879 by the Congress. However, in the American context, Article 1 of the American Constitution withdraws this writ from an individual if the person has been proved to have conspired either in person or by affiliation to engage in a rebellion or invade public safety(Wert
Nuclear Power’ Two Opposing Sides Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The debate on nuclear power has taken different directions due to the disagreements it has created among governments. Today, most regimes have justified their possession of nuclear weapons on basis of self defense or what may be termed as “protection of national security against aggression”.
There are many reasons why different nations have remained vocal on the need to be allowed to operate nuclear power plants. On the other side of the debate, there are those countries that believe other nations should not be in possession of nuclear weapons because they pose major security threats in the world. This has been associated with terrorism or crimes of aggression where some powerful nations want to violate rights of others through creating tensions.
The reader will agree that whatever position on nuclear power what matters is the objective or end goal. In ethics, it would refer to ideologies under utilitarianism and deontological moral conception. Thus, should possession of nuclear weapons be based on the desired end as to justify the means? Or is possession of nuclear weapons a malum in se (bad in itself). This will be discussed in due course of the study.
Main Analysis In this section, the researcher will present two reasons why a country’s nuclear power may be justified and one reason why it cannot be supported.
In the past, a government official from North Korea expressed to the UN General Assembly that the country possessed nuclear weapons as a mechanism to self-defense (Tibori 90). Therefore, he blamed Washington (The United States) for quoting the non-proliferation and terrorism act only to interfere with sovereign states.
In addition, the Foreign Minister, then Choe Su Hon, stated that a country’s possession of nuclear power for the sake of self defense (Lackey 54) was in tandem with its efforts towards peace and security (Staff Writers United Nations AFP 1).
Indeed, nuclear weapons may potentially cause great destruction and protracted illness but there is no any particular treaty that deems their use as opposed to the law. The law prohibits use of nuclear weapons if such turns out to be a means of war. The International Criminal Court declined to state that nuclear weapons violate customary international law in every circumstance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As indicated earlier, nuclear power has been condemned due to the fact that it is destructive. Firstly, explosions of nuclear weapons create blast effects, preliminary nuclear radiation, thermal radiation, radioactive fallout and electromagnetic pulse (Sheldon 183).
The other danger is that, upon detonation of nuclear weapons, the explosion spreads to the air where in turn it produces a fireball that travels at a speed equal to that of light (Louka 66). This leads to a hurricane kind of wind which is followed by a heat wave. This, at large, creates more hazards to the environment and even causes death to communities around. In the same vein, the health hazards may create fatal injuries such as burns and thermal radiation (Sheldon 185).
Conclusion The study has demonstrated the opposing sides in as far as nuclear power is concerned. It is acceptable to purport that nuclear power may be used if such is meant to promote peace and security; on the other hand, there lacks a specific law that prohibits possession of nuclear power. On the contrary, nuclear power, especially due to explosions may create damages to the eco-system and even complicate health of human beings.
Works Cited Lackey, Douglas. Moral Principles and Nuclear Weapons. USA: Rowman
What do the Art, Artifacts and Myths of Antiquity Tells us about the Status of Women in the Ancient Society? Essay cheap essay help
Introduction Women in the ancient societies of Egypt and Greece played the roles of wives and mothers. Before the New Kingdom in Egypt, this was more pronounced than in the ancient Greece. Many arts and artifacts that were created in Egypt supported this argument. There is a comparison and contrast between the social status of women of the ancient Egypt and the ancient Greece.
The specific works of arts, artifacts and myths shows the social status of women in the ancient societies. The claim in this essay is in form of an opinion that women in the ancient Greece and the ancient Egypt are assigned the roles of wives and mothers to the children.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary has defined the word art as a skill acquired by the study, experience or observation. In connection to the topic, various arts were created by the painters and artists to portray the characteristics of women and the roles they are to play in the society. An artifact is something created by human beings for practical purposes especially an object remaining from a particular period.
A myth on the other hand is a popular belief or tradition that has developed around something or someone. In the ancient society, people believed the myth that women’s roles are limited to those of a wife and a mother. An antiquity refers to the ancient times before the middle Ages.
The essay focuses on the ancient times in Greece and Egypt. The society is a community, nation, or broad groupings of people having common traditions, institutions, collective activities as well as interests. In connection to the topic, society referred to the community in the ancient Greece and Egypt (Merriam 20).
The roles of Athenian women in 15th Century B.C. were primarily those of a wife and a mother. The myth that was believed by the Athenians required women to stay home and take care of children and the husbands (O’Neal 4). In other words, the culture in the Ancient Greece was that women were not suppose to have other roles apart from those of bearing children and abiding by what the husband has said. They never recognized someone without a husband or children as a woman of integrity in the society.
Women portrayed in the formal tomb paintings of the Old and Middle Kingdoms suggest that their main task was that of a wife and the mother. This traditional myth portrays that the women of the ancient Egypt were left at home to look after the children (Anete 12).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Zeus, the establisher of law and order in the ancient Athens denied women their active roles in the society except that of giving birth and taking care of children. He came up with the moral law and order and took away power from the females. He produced Athena from his head and Dionysus from the thigh to completely take away women’s sole claim as child bearers.
All these vices arose from Ge, the Goddess who gave birth to bad children some of whom were the monsters (O’Neal 4). In case of any bad child being born, the mother was taken to be the cause of the problem.
In the ancient Egypt before the New kingdom, administration and policy making duties were denied of women. However, when the New kingdom came in, the aspect of a woman being the queen was portrayed in artistic work. The idea of the woman being the wife and a mother became a secondary feature (Anete 14).
Men performed political and intellectual rites of the city of Athens. Women did not attend and did not know how to read and write. They were not educated except for the domestic training (O’Neal 6). They were left to perform the household chores. This shows how women were discarded in the community from participating in the day-to-day running of the society.
In the ancient Egypt, the sculptures of women and those of children were smaller compared to men implying that men were powerful and dominant in the society (Anete 15). This artistic work reflects the social difference between a man and a woman in the society where women were to be submissive to men.
In the ancient Greece, the area through which the wife operates according to Xenophon is the house and the care of the household. She was responsible for giving birth and bringing up the children, managing slaves, weaving and teaching slaves how to weave. Penelope was the name given to woman meaning one who practices instructions of the husband (O’Neal 8).
In Egypt, the appearances and lifestyle of women were very important. Hairstyle, dressings, jewellery, make-ups and headdresses portray status and different roles in the society (Anete 15). The decorations of the queen were different from those of the ordinary women. This shows the powers that the queen had in the society.
We will write a custom Essay on What do the Art, Artifacts and Myths of Antiquity Tells us about the Status of Women in the Ancient Society? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The female figure was also portrayed in the art to depict the fertility and the age of the woman. This artistic feature shows that the status of women in the society was that of a mother as they were concerned about the fertility of the women in the society.
The earthy colors of the land such as red, orange and brown influenced the artistic works. Yellow and brown were used to paint the difference between men and women (Anete 16). This traditional myth shows that the ancient Egyptians did not value a woman in the society as they painted their representations with the dark earthy colors.
The dwarfs were treated with utmost respect in the land. They enjoyed high ranks in the society and were buried in nice tombs. The well-known dwarfs were Seneb and the gods, Ptah and Bes. Ptah was associated with regeneration and rejuvenation while Bes protected sexuality, childbirth, women and children (Anete 18). This feature reflects that the woman in the society was categorized as a child
The archetypal Egyptian wife and mother Isis became the symbolical mother of the king. Isis was the link between the deities and the royalty and she was the protector of the young thus often called during injuries and accidents. She was worshipped as the goddess of rebirth, medicine and wisdom (Anete 22).
In conclusion, from the myths, arts and artifacts explained above, it is evident that women in the ancient times are treated as slaves. Various artifacts, arts and myths in the ancient Egypt and Greece portray a woman’s social status as that of a wife and the mother. Women are restricted to the household chores and deprived of the economic, political and administrative duties.
Works Cited Anete, Olivier. Social Status of Elite Women of the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: A comparison of Artistic features. South Africa: University of South Africa. 2008. Print.
Merriam, Webster. Free Online Dictionary. London: Britannica Co. 2012. Print.
O’Neal, William. The Status of Women in Ancient Athens. Toledo: University of Toledo, 2001. Print.
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Disability Management Practices in Canada Report best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Work-life balance programs
Paramedical and physiotherapy program
Offering modified work
Introduction Health, productivity, and well-being of employers and workers in the contemporary society are becoming increasingly vital aspects. The economic, emotional, and social costs of illnesses and injuries are so severe that organisations and governments across the globe are trying to establish practices and policies to alleviate these costs (Akabas and Gates 9).
One of the practices that the government and organisations are adopting is Disability Management (DM). Disability management aims at assisting employees that suffer from illnesses or injuries while in their places of work. Initially, organisations could take staffs suffering from illnesses or injuries to offsite rehabilitation facilities. Nevertheless, the government and organisations are now involved in assisting the affected staff members within an organisation to ensure that their productivity is not affected (Akabas and Gates 11).
Numerous countries are currently introducing disability management practices in workplaces, for instance, Canada, Australia, Britain, and the United States. Some of the practices include work-life balance programs, paramedical and physiotherapy programs, insurance programs, and offering modified work to employees who suffer from disabilities. This paper will focus on some of the best disability management practices employed in Canada.
Work-life balance programs According to a study conducted on employees that take long before resuming to work after injuries or illnesses, the more such employees stay out of their workplaces, the more their chances of returning to work decrease. Employees that are out of work for over two years have 10 per cent chances of returning to the workplaces (Akabas and Gates 12).
The work-life balance program is one of the best disability management practices. The program ensures that employees have enough time to relax after working and take adequate leave. This move helps in ensuring that employees do not suffer from work-related problems like stress, depression, and other mental illnesses.
A work-life balance program is one of the disability management practices aimed at helping employees cope with the challenges encountered during and after an illness or injury.
Whenever an employee suffers an injury or work-related illness and takes long at home, it becomes hard for such an employee to return to the workplace and associate with other employees (Akabas and Gates 13-17). Work-life balance program as one of the disability management practices entails coming up with modalities to accommodate an employee prior to his or her absence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Before the affected employee is allowed to take leave to cope with the illness or injury, the institution comes up with a program to modify the work schedule or workplace for the affected employee. At times, an employee may not be willing to return to his or her initial place of work due to the humiliation s/he went through initially (Akabas and Gates 19-24). Consequently, institutions with numerous branches may offer the affected employee a chance to work in a different branch.
Besides changing the workplace, firms may work with the affected employee to come up with a work schedule that suits him or her, thus ensuring that s/he has adequate time to rest and attend to other personal duties. Through work-life programs, employers establish a work schedule with the help of the affected staff. In return, the staff members feel confident about the company as they acknowledge its concern.
Whenever an employee takes long to return to his or her workplace after an illness or injury, s/he further suffers from the disgrace of the absence. Besides, it becomes hard to relate with other staff members on returning since s/he fears their reaction. Work-life balance programs seek to alleviate these challenges.
They help in ensuring that employees return to work with limited challenges. The program helps in establishing an appropriate method of reintegrating the affected employees into a firm. Besides, the program establishes a working schedule that ensures that staff members have enough time out of their workplaces thus ensuring that they do not suffer from work-related problems.
Paramedical and physiotherapy program Besides the work-life balance programs, the government and Canadian organisations are embracing paramedic and physiotherapy programs as another disability management practice. Institutions are turning to physicians to help them in ensuring that staff members that suffer injuries or illnesses at workplaces receive the best treatment and return to workplaces at the right time (Bruyère and Shrey 227).
In the past, employees were only allowed to return to work if their employers learnt that they were capable of handling all job functions. The best thing with paramedical and physiotherapy program is that physicians help firms in coming up with varied accommodations, limitations, and restrictions, thus helping employees return to work within the shortest period after suffering from illnesses or injuries.
Paramedical and physiotherapy program is a disability management program that Canadian organisations established to promote cooperation between employers and employees in the event of disabilities or illnesses (Bruyère and Shrey 22-234). Through the help of physicians, employers and employees come up with strategies to ensure that employees recover quickly from their illnesses or injuries thus returning to work.
We will write a custom Report on Disability Management Practices in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Physicians assist firms to come up with medical inputs like limitations and restrictions to ensure that employees do not suffer from work-related injuries or illnesses. Moreover, the limitations and restrictions help in ensuring that staff members do not resume working while they still suffer from the illness.
Physiotherapists help institutions in monitoring the recovery of the affected employees and help organisations in establishing a treatment program for the affected ones. Besides treating the affected employees, the program helps firms in coming up with strategies to prevent chances of other staff members suffering from the same problems (Bruyère and Shrey 237-242).
Organisations use Paramedical and physiotherapy program as one of their disability management practices. Through the help of physicians and physiotherapists, institutions come up with programs to help their employees deal with all kinds of challenges that render them incapable of offering their services to an institution.
The program entails establishing limitations and restrictions to ensure that employees do not engage in activities that subject them to health problems. Moreover, it involves treating the affected staff and helping them to recover from the illnesses, thus returning to work on time.
Physicians and physiotherapists are indispensable instruments in helping organisations come up with efficient return-to-work programs. In a bid to enhance the success of paramedical and physiotherapy program, firms should establish a system that ensures timely correspondence among employees, employers, and physicians. Moreover, organisations should monitor their staffs regularly to make sure that they identify those suffering early enough and inform the physicians for timely and appropriate response.
Insurance programs In Canada, employers work in collaboration with insurers in dealing with disability management. The role played by insurers in helping the employees cope with a disability is of immense help to firms.
Insurers help in ensuring that employees encounter a smooth process when returning or leaving the workplace (Creen 5). Moreover, they assist in ensuring that employees do not encounter challenges when switching from one category of disability to another. Insurers are increasingly coming up with measures to address the ever-changing claims situation.
The benefit of insurance is that it helps employees receive their claims without difficulties, thus being capable of accessing medical attention on time (Creen 7). In return, employees do not take a lot of time away from the workplace. Another benefit of this program is that it saves employees from discrimination by ensuring that confidential information about their health does not leak to the employers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Disability Management Practices in Canada by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Insurance program involves a healthy interaction between the insurance agents and employers. With assistance from employers, insurers come up with tailored disability management programs for various employees. The insurer allocates a devoted disability team to an organisation.
This team works closely with employers to identify the challenges facing employees and come up with measures to address the same. In addition, through this program, insurers help firms come up with absence management practices and create a stable return-to-work formula (Creen 6).
Employers and insurers attend regular workshops, which equip them with requisite skills for dealing with intricate disabilities like mental disorders. The program gives employers and insurers an opportunity to monitor how the affected employees are responding to treatment and organise for further consultations, thus ensuring that employees recover from the disabilities within the shortest time possible.
Currently, insurers are working with employers to establish rehabilitation programs and early intervention mechanisms to facilitate in curbing disabilities (Creen 7-9). Besides, they are establishing training and mentorship programs to help employees deal with challenges that result in disabilities.
Insurance program as one of the disability management practices helps Canadian employees receive timely medical attention whenever they suffer from any disability at workplaces. Employers work with insurers to ensure that employees receive financial assistance within the shortest time possible.
Besides, they monitor employees to see that they recover from the disability and organise for further consultations in case they realise that an employee is not recovering as expected. The insurance program not only helps in addressing the disability problems that employees face in Canadian institutions, but also in avoiding chances of employee discrimination by protecting confidential information about their health.
Offering modified work One of the key features of disability management practices is offering modified work to employees suffering from any disability. Rather than dismissing the affected employee, an organisation may make some alterations on job specifications of the affected employee (Westmorland and Buys 31).
Modification may entail cutting down on the workload, reducing the number of hours worked, or assigning the affected employee to a less demanding task. The main reason why this practice is among the best disability management practices is that, it helps institutions maintain their productivity by ensuring that they continue exploiting the affected employees’ skills.
Besides, the practice saves the company from the costs associated with hiring and training new employees (Westmorland and Buys 33). Another benefit of offering modified work to employees suffering from disabilities is that it helps in reducing chances of firms entering into conflicts with employees, which may ruin the organisational reputation.
In Canada, most organisations turn to work modification as one of the disability management practices. Some of the factors that lead to employees suffering from disabilities include workload and the number of hours worked per week.
Employees working in highly demanding jobs tend to suffer from numerous disabilities like backache (Westmorland and Buys 35-38). Therefore, to deal with this disability, firms reduce the number of hours the affected employee works in a week. At times, organisations may move the affected employee to a less demanding job to facilitate in his or her recovery.
Moreover, they make the working environment more flexible to help the employee take a rest at intervals during the working hours. Firms allow their employees to have job control as a mechanism to reduce chances of most of them suffering from work-related disabilities (Westmorland and Buys 39-40). Employers allow their staff to modify their workplaces to enhance their working conditions.
Offering modified work is one of the strategies of disability management practices in Canada. Organisations modify works for individuals suffering from disabilities as a way of helping them return to their full potential with limited difficulties.
The practice entails reducing the workload, number of hours the affected employee works for per week, and transferring the affected employee to a less demanding job. For effective disability management through offering modified work, it is imperative that employers involve the affected employees in coming up with the most appropriate modifications.
Conclusion Organisations are currently switching to disability management practices as one of the methods of dealing with work-related injuries and disabilities. In Canada, organisations use numerous disability management practices. These practices include work-life balance programs, paramedic and physiotherapy programs, insurance programs, and offering modified work to employees who suffer from disabilities.
All these measures facilitate in ensuring that employees who suffer from work-related disabilities return to work with limited difficulties. The practices help institutions overcome costs associated with hiring and training new employees; besides, they help organisations preserve their reputation by ensuring that they do not conflict with their employees.
Works Cited Akabas, Sheila, and Lauren Gates. “Organisational commitment: the key to successful disability management.” American Rehabilitation 16.3 (2006): 9-24. Print.
Bruyère, Susanne, and Donald Shrey. “Disability management in Industry: A Joint Labor-Management Process.” Rehabilitation Counselling Bulletin 34.3 (2007): 227-242. Print.
Creen, Marg. “Best practices for disability management.” Journal of the Ontario Occupational Health Nurses Association 2.4 (2002): 5-9. Print.
Westmorland, Muriel, and Nicholas Buys. “A comparison of disability management practices in Australian and Canadian workplaces.” Works 23.1 (2004): 31-41. Print.
Management is a Difficult Term Essay essay help free: essay help free
Abstract Management refers to gathering of personnel in a work place to achieve set objectives through effective utilization of accessible capital. Management occurs in varied forms that include a process, an activity, a discipline, a group, a science, an art and a profession. Various theories apply in management and must be integrated together to achieve results.
Theories applied in management include the emergency theory, confusion theory, systems theory and theory X and Y. Effectual management involves a cycle that acts as strength of character for success in an enterprise. A management cycle has five key stages.
“Management” is a difficult term because it entails the application of numerous concepts and theories in achieving set objectives. The principal goals of management include acquisition of maximum results with little utilization of resources, escalation of the effectiveness of production factors and the harmonization of running enterprises (Cole, 2004, p.23).
Management exists as a process, an activity, a discipline, a group, a science, an art and a profession (Cole, 2004, p.31). Process management entails directing enterprises through orderly, harmonized and well thought-out human efforts.
Activity management entails achieving goals in an enterprise through directing the efforts of others. This management includes informational duties for the manager, decision-making and interaction of all workers in an enterprise. Discipline management means identifying desirable conduct in managers and the various ways applied in management of an enterprise (Cole, 2004, p.44).
Group management refers to everyone involved in the management tasks of an enterprise. Management science entails a systematic body of knowledge, though not to exact figures. This is because management involves human beings whose behavior is hard to predict (Ghuman, 2010, p.26).
Art management entails application of information and expertise to achieve certain objectives. Profession management entails the use of information, acquisition of recognized instruction and guidance, meeting social obligations, abiding to defined rules of demeanor and registering with associations that embody the profession (Ghuman, 2010, p.47).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Theories on management apply to the general productivity and service liberation by an enterprise (Ghuman, 2010, p.125). Theories applied in managing an enterprise depend on factors such as the nature of the enterprise, rationale of the enterprise and the workforce available to the management.
Universally applied management theories include the emergency theory, confusion theory, systems theory and theory X and Y (Ghuman, 2010, p.133). Emergency theory argues that a manager should make a decision based on key aspects of a prevailing situation (Shields, 2007, p.47).
The systems theory commonly applies to management of enterprises. Systems and personnel found in a work place tend to have effects on each other. A system comprises a multiplicity of organs that labor in unison to meet set objectives. This theory allows managers to assess patterns and proceedings occurring in their enterprises (Shields, 2007, p.55). Confusion theory appreciates the invariable nature of alteration.
An enterprise keeps growing, and its vulnerability in the market increases (Shields, 2007, p.70). The final theory applied in management is X and Y theory. This theory entails the inspiration of personnel at work for optimal productivity. Theory Y argues that workers ought to be naturally motivated to work, and nobody should be responsible if they lack motivation. Theory X applies an authority-oriented leadership style that discourages the participation of workers (Shields, 2007, p.101).
Effective management involves a cycle that acts as strength of character for success in an enterprise (Saaksvuori
Contact Report: Personal Property Auditor of San Francisco Report essay help free
Executive Summary This report is on an interview I did with the Personal Property Auditor of the City of Francisco. We had a discussion on his professional and personal life and what motivates him. This interview describes the auditor’s personality and background. It was done on October 10, 2012, at his office in San Francisco.
The people who work with him describe him as exuberant and intelligent. His zeal and commitment to work has made it possible for the city to collect its highest tax revenues in a decade. He reveals more about his career in this candid interview.
Introduction He starts by informing me what made him opt for accounting as his career. He reveals that he has always been interested in financial reports. He argues that these reports make it possible for the management of a firm to plan for the future and monitor performance. He says a career in accounting offers lucrative growth opportunities even in times of recessions.
Main Body He reveals that, after attaining a bachelor’s degree in accounting, he worked for Wells Fargo in its foreign exchange department. He later became an AR Coordinator at Moscone Center before he left and later became a public accountant. He has worked in various industries in the country as an auditor before getting employed by the City of San Francisco. He has served both private and public clients in different industries.
He cites the independence with which he is able to perform his duties as one thing he likes most about his job. He seems to like the freedom that comes with his current position because he is able to set his own work schedules. He says that he likes working at his own pace because this helps him manage his workload better.
He says meeting rude taxpayers who come to his office once in a while is the least favorite aspect of his job. He finds fault with them because they do not respect their civic duty to pay taxes. He says this has been a blessing in disguise to him because he has learnt better ways of solving problems. He insists that his employer has the required legal authority to collect taxes from taxpayers. The auditor reveals that most taxpayers who visit his office are polite and understanding.
He reveals that, while studying to become an accountant, he did not expect that he would be writing a lot of reports in his career. He has had to deal with it because he submits weekly audit reports as well as work progress reports to the management from time to time.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He says his typical day starts at 6.45 am when he wakes up and arrives at work by 8.00 am. His principal discusses with him work related issues that happened the previous week. The rest of the day is spent serving taxpayers or compiling audit reports in his office. Sometimes, he goes out to inspect business firms and audits their financial records. He also goes to the board on specific days whenever taxpayers lodge appeals to brief the board of his findings.
He says that if he had known how his career would be like many years ago, he would still choose to be an accountant.
His advice to anyone that wants to join this field is, “take up relevant volunteer work in accounting field prior to graduation to help fill out your resume.” He insists that this is the best way to get real life work experience.
Nectar Boutique Essay essay help online: essay help online
Nectar Boutique is an e-commerce website that sells women and children’s clothing, shoes and other accessories. It also sell household goods, although their specialty is mainly clothing. In addition to selling their products online, they have brick and mortar boutiques situated at two locations.
That is, Claremont and Redlands in California. Nectar Boutique was founded in 2005 by David Kelly and his wife Tricia, initially starting as a designer shop, Jean Boutique, in Redlands. They started selling their products online in 2011, expanding Nectar Boutique countrywide and then worldwide under www.nectarclothing.com. The boutique continues to grow, with the owners planning to open a new store annually (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
To purchase Nectar Boutique’s products online, all the customer has to do is log in to the boutique’s website, www.nectarclothing.com. The site contains all the details concerning the products for sale, including pictures, sizes, prices and payment methods and options. The customer then chooses the product he wishes to purchase and informs customer care service via e-mail or telephone.
After informing customer care service on the specifications and preferences of the product, the customer provides his postal details or physical address to which she wants the product delivered. Specifications could be in terms of the color and size. The most commonly used payment method is through credit card.
The customer provides Nectar Boutique with his credit card number, facilitating the payment of the product together with the shipping costs. Once this is done, the product is delivered via post or to the customer’s doorstep, depending on the distance from the nearest store (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
As a business entity, Nectar Boutique is very reliable. This is shown by the positive reviews that the boutique gets from its customers. They have fine tuned their product mix with experience in the industry stretching several years. The boutique associates only with manufacturers of brands that make the best quality products at affordable prices. Such brands provide them with products that are of high quality and of the latest fashions at affordable wholesale prices.
This enables them to sell their products cheaply. One attractive feature of their products is that they sell their products both online and through physical stores. This provides customers with a wide variety of avenues to make purchases. In addition, they offer free shipping for bulk purchases exceeding a given amount. They also offer free gifts for every purchase (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Perhaps the only unfavorable aspect about Nectar Boutique is that they do not have many stores located within the United States. Although they plan to expand in the future, for now customers have to contend with just two brick and mortar stores, all located in California. Moreover, the shipping charges increase for products ordered via the internet from outside the state. However, these are minor setbacks that Nectar Boutique is putting a lot of effort to overcome as soon as possible.
E-commerce has some aspects that are both favorable and non-favorable. According to Fecenko and Huntley (2003), a company such as Nectar Boutique can have a difficult time convincing people to purchase their products online. This is because there is a lot of competition, with companies having to win the trust of customers before they can make any sales.
Having customers access an e-commerce website is one thing, but making them provide their credit card number and make a purchase is another thing altogether. However, e-commerce enables businesses to reach more customs, since there are no geographical limitations.
References About Nectar Boutique. (2012). Nectar Boutique. Retrieved from https://nectarclothing.com/
Getting Tongue-Tied: When the English Language Starts Dominating Rhetorical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction: The Domination of the English Language
Logos: Follow the Train of the Author’s Ideas
Pathos: Under the Spur of the Moment. The Emotional Core
Ethos: Questioning the Author’s Credibility
Conclusion: More than Words Can Ever Say
Introduction: The Domination of the English Language There is no surprise that the role of the English language has increased considerably over the past few decades. Being an international means of communication, English has become the tool that bridges cultures. However, when it comes to English and the national minorities inhabiting the USA, the domination of the former creates the conflict between the English language and the one of the nations in question. Considering the article on the issue by Jameison, one can possibly find the solution to the problem.
Logos: Follow the Train of the Author’s Ideas The first thing to speak of, Jameison’s reasoning is rather impressive. It is essential that the author not only suggests his theories concerning the language acquisition, driving parallels between language and other elements of culture: “For them, the expectation that immigrants will celebrate this country’s holidays, dress as Americans dress, embrace American values, and most importantly speak English is not unreasonable” (Jameison, 2011, 263).
Like a brilliant public speaker he is, Jameison offers sufficient evidence to support his ideas: “For example, when a judge in Texas ruled that a mother was abusing her five-year-old girl by speaking to her only in Spanish, an uproar ensued” (Jameison, 2011, 265). Hence, Jameison’s logos is perfect.
Pathos: Under the Spur of the Moment. The Emotional Core Another important element which helps Jameison convey his ideas efficiently is the appeal to the emotions of the readers. However, it is also worth mentioning that Jameison does not abuse his ability to make the writing emotional; most elements of pathos come in the form of rhetoric questions: “What is this world coming to when people want to speak and make transactions in their native language? Why do they refuse to change and become more like us?” (Jameison, 2011, 265). Therefore, Jameison’s pathos is subtle enough to be efficient and obvious enough to make the article vivid.
Ethos: Questioning the Author’s Credibility However, there is one more component that contributes to the efficiency of the argument most. No matter how reasonable one can be, there is no way to convince people without a decent reputation as a backup. Once the author lives up to the standards which (s)he sets, the audience is most likely to believe in everything that the author has to say, which is the clear-cut case of Jameison and his article.
Although the former does provide sufficient arguments, it is also the narrator’s image that shapes the readers’ attitude. Mentioning that he wrote this article as a student, Jameison makes it clear to the readers that he has been using analytical thinking and unique approach to problem-solving since his being a student. Hence, the trust between Jameison and readers is established.
Conclusion: More than Words Can Ever Say Therefore, it is obvious that, with the help of well thought-out argument and sophisticated structure of his paper, Jameison has managed to convey the essence of the conflict and offer sufficient arguments in favor of promoting the languages of other nationalities. It is important that each of the three elements, i.e., pathos, logos and ethos, are exactly in their places and serve to enhance the argument. Despite some minor slips, the article gets its key message across in the most efficient way possible.
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Comparative Advantage Essay best essay help
Comparative advantage can be defined as the efficiency of a country or a state to produce a certain commodity at a lower opportunity cost compared to another another country. This applies to international trade where a country can produce a certain good or service at a cheaper cost than another nation. Therefore, it only makes sense for the other country to buy from the producing country as it will be cost effective.
International trade refers to the exchange of goods and service between two countries at a price, which is accepted by both countries. A theory can be defined as a discipline of critical thinking and shared ideology on a given topic in science. Thus, the comparative advantage trade theory refers to a clear understanding of the trade that exists between countries that depend on each other for goods and services. In this case, one country can find a market for its goods.
On the other hand, the other country can purchase goods at a cheaper price than it would use to produce the same goods. One country is more efficient than the other in producing certain products. Therefore, it makes sense when both countries get involved in the business. In this case, the country that purchases the goods will shift some of the manufacturing attention to other goods that it can produce at an efficient cost.
Comparative advantage compares the efficiency of the country to produce a product at a cheaper cost than another country given the same economic conditions. There exists a relationship of co-existence between two countries. In this regard, each country can produce a commodity that it can produce cheaply and purchase the ones it cannot produce efficiently (Leamer, 46).
Economics refers to the discipline that focuses on the production, distribution, and consumption of products. It helps to understand the forces of demand and supply that exists in the market. Market forces dictate how certain goods are produced and offered in the market in an effort to satisfy the needs of customers. Thus, in a given economy, it is very hard to produce all goods and service that the economy may require.
Therefore, international trade should be introduced to cater for any commodity that a country may not be able to produce efficiently. A comparative advantage exists if two states differ in technological abilities and resource availability. Therefore, one country can engage in the production of certain goods or services at a lower cost than the other country. This comparative advantage may be as a result of a country having cheap labor or due to availability of capital to produce the given product.
A country may be strategically located in a place where there are raw materials and thus being able to save on transport cost and purchase of the raw materials. Economies of scale favor international trade as production cost fall due to the scale of production. For example, it becomes cheaper to produce larger quantities of goods than producing a small quantity of goods under the same production process. Comparative advantage has been the backbone of international trade and its development.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It has also led to increased efficiency in the country’s industrial production. International trade helps to promote world peace through efficient co-existence between trading partners. Good relations are enhanced through international trade as the countries depend on each other for the production and distribution of goods and services. International trade helps countries to earn foreign exchange, which is vital to facilitate stability of their currency (Maneschi, 12-15).
Comparative advantage allows a country to specialize in the production of a given commodity. Therefore, this country can purchase other commodities that are available in other countries at a much cheaper price compared to the cost of producing such goods under the current economic status.
A country can make good use of the available resources like human skills, education, and talent combined with enhanced machinery to produce goods and services. The country should then establish a better way to acquire the goods and service that it is not able to produce within its economy.
Therefore, the best way is to acquire such goods and services from other countries that can produce them at a low production cost. International trade facilitates the use of the factors of production in an effective and efficient manner. However, this can be costly due to taxes and tariffs imposed on the importation of the goods. Nonetheless, it helps to eradicate delays and low supply of goods.
International trade helps to promote relations between trading partners through the exchange of technology and production skills that increase production scale. Sharing of information and skills is enhanced through international trade where the citizens of these countries share culture. Transport and other infrastructure are improved through international trade as the exchange of goods and service promote the need to have developed transport system (Maneschi, 18-21).
Conclusion Comparative advantage is brought about by one country having a better opportunity cost in the production of a commodity than the other. Comparative advantage has been instrumental in promoting international trade where countries or states exchange goods and service at an agreed price and terms. International trade helps to promote world peace and stabilizes the economies of different countries through the exchange of information and technology.
Works Cited Leamer, Edward. Sources of International Comparative Advantage: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge, Mass. u.a: MIT Pr, 1984. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Comparative Advantage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Maneschi, Andrea. Comparative Advantage in International Trade: A Historical Perspective. Cheltenham u.a.: Elgar, 1998. Print.
Concept of Leadership Skills Research Paper essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
How to be a good leader
Introduction A leader can be defined as someone with the ability to guide and lead others by inspiring them to follow him or her. A leader should influence people to achieve a common goal under his or her guidance through power, vision, and direction. A leader should possess leadership skills that are vital to ensure that he or she can influence people to follow him or her.
Its true leadership skills can be learned and improved by practicing good leadership qualities. A leader has to be someone who can form a realm and inspire them through motivation to be better team players. A good leader should always meet and train his or her teammates and maintain a good working relationship with them at all times.
Setting objectives for all members of the team is a crucial characteristic of a leader. A leader should evaluate the strength and weakness of the members of his or her team and try to harness the best combination to tackle a given task. Thus, the concept of leadership skill is a clear understanding of how a leader can effectively influence people with his or her ethics, beliefs, values, and character (Rossiter, 2009).
A skill refers to the technical knowledge that a person possesses, which helps him undertake a certain task or responsibility. A leader should be differentiated from a boss. In this case, a leader is interactive and open to his or her team members while a boss holds an authoritative figure over the team.
A boss does not involve his team in decision making while a leader involves the team members to make contributions regarding a given decision. A good leader should be trustworthy and instill confidence among team members who view him as their liaison figure in the team. Good communication skills are critical for a good leader as they help him to share information, views, and ideas with team members (Hughes, Ginnett
Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges Research Paper essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Overview of Mass Migration
Causes of Mass Migration
Side A: Against migration
Side B: For migration
Introduction For several decades now, the world has been experiencing mass migration. Mass migration is no longer a new phenomenon since it has existed for several decades, dating back to the 18th century to 20th century with numerous reasons aligning this migration (Bertocchi and Strozzi 2).
Historically, this movement was conventionally nomadic with pastoralists moving in search of pasture and water. Currently, the contemporary migration does not associate with the historical form of migration. With the existing global state of socio-economical exertion, environmental calamities, political issues, insecurity, and persecutions worldwide, several cities and towns across the world experience an influx in population (Hatton and Williamson 6).
This mass migration of citizens from one region to another, specifically migration to towns, is in most cases associated with several negative impacts including demographic challenges, insecurity, and even environmental crises. Even though migration is a politically and socially contested issue, it is unknown as to when it will end. This essay seeks to exploit mass migration in relation to demographic challenges.
Overview of Mass Migration Human mass migration is the physical movement of people from one region to another. Historically, human migration was nomadic with pastoralists covering several kilometers to access pasture and water. However, nowadays things have changed with the world witnessing massive people migration from rural suburbs to urban environs (Department of Economic and Social Affairs 56-75).
Nations across the world, both in developing and developed countries, have received this aspect with mixed reactions with several governments getting confused on what measures to take as international immigration seems a crucial matter.
This element has thus become a major challenge with most governments failing to provide accurate strategies to overcome human migration. Another term covering human migration is international migration, which defines how individuals or groups of persons move from country to country (Department of Economic and Social Affairs 148).
There are numerous reasons to considerable factors that trigger this migration with each continent or country bearing different judgments. Migration in a country depicts the place’s openness, modernity, and its enthusiasm towards adapting to global economic evolution.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Causes of Mass Migration Numerous factors have led to migration of people around the globe. Economical differences and demographic factors are the major challenges towards curbing migration in the world (Hatton and Williamson 11). The prevailing status of socio-economic differences and the existing environmental hardships have continuously triggered mass migration.
Cities in developing and underdeveloped countries are economically unfit, thus forcing citizens to shift from their respective countries to other countries, which are prospering economically. According to Bakker, Elings-Pels, and Reis, people migrate to “seek better economic and educational opportunities” (5). The realm of population growth and economic hardships in developing countries have greatly imparted on the trends of international migration with individuals believing in better socio-economic status of those residing in towns.
The world population might eventually grow from 6.555 billion to 9.243 billion in the year 2050 if corrective measures are not enforced (Smith 620). People associate London and New York with immense historical social, cultural, and economical strengths. This conception pulls immigrants into these two cities in search for better lives.
Side A: Against migration As immigration tends to harbor some imperativeness, the negatives associated to this practice are non-ignorable. Several studies have demonstrated how migration is more harmful than assumed. Immigration and migration practices are associated with numerous misfortunes and repercussions (Hatton and Jeffrey 22).
Starting with population and city governance, immigrants have caused problems towards the management of population in cities. City councils and the respective governing bodies have received extreme challenges in controlling urban population, which mostly results from population surge caused by immigrants. Due to increased population in towns and cities, government expenditure budgets shoot to enhance basic improvements and accommodate the residents around cities (Martin and Widgre 34).
The cities or local authorities face the task of ensuring that there is a maximum security, thus migration forces these authorities to increase their budget to suit the demanding needs of the city. Some quarters opine that most cities have been unable to manage census activities, which play significant roles in maintaining population size, with evidence indicating inaccurate figures of numerous cities’ censuses.
Statistics reveal that recently, international immigration has posed a danger to the world’s largest cities including New York in the US and London in England.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In London, estimates divulge that for a period of about 20 years, the published TIM series “suggest that London (with just 12 per cent of the national population) was associated with 40 per cent of the inflows, 30 per cent of the outflows, and absorbed 67 per cent of the net balance of overseas immigration” (Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead 21). This aspect depicts that there are several immigrants finding their way into England.
This aspect only associate with the continuing supremacy of New York and London, by managing this population through provision sustainable labor, but threatening to the natives. In special attention to New York, the city is only benefitting from growth in tax margins as the population grows and economic performances prosper. However, New York also spends a lot in maintaining the population by providing maximum security and employment.
Migration is also a threat to security. Due to the influx of population into big cities and migration to developed countries, controlling insecurity is a problem. Cases of terrorism attacks, cruel murders, assassinations, kidnappings, persecution, and racial and religious conflicts are eminent security matters bothering growing cities and towns.
Big towns and cities are hiding places for criminals and insurgents who migrate to towns to commit their crimes. Martin and Widgre note that in the process of migrating into developed countries, “migrants attempting to sail or march into rich countries, threaten their security” (5).
This aspect forces the respective countries to overspend in their budget to increase vigilance (Bauer and Zimmermann 7), which may in turn lead to economic constraints. In developed countries, especially the United States, estimates reveal that the state’s expenditure on security issues is continuously increasing, and billions of dollars consumed in an attempt to maintain peace and security (Karoly 7). Migration has also led to congestion in the city suburbs resulting to insecurity.
Migration has also resulted in increased living costs and poor living standards that are threatening the social standards expected in every nation. Generally, the housing structures and resources available in these cities rarely manage to accommodate the population increase resulting from migration. According to Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead, since the respective governments cannot afford to construct adequate rentals for the population, privatization of land appears to dominate most cities and towns (42).
As a result, of land privatization, there is an increased rental rate. In developing countries, private rental sectors become opportunistic to the existing population pressures in towns, thus engaging in developing sub-standard shelters including slums, shanties, and others where low income earners residing in these towns seek asylum.
This situation tends to affect the living standards of people for there is a significant increase in insecurity, poor healthcare, and poverty. Most commonly, due to population surge, immigrants in developing countries suffer from poor living standards due to their low-income status resulting from low paying jobs.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Side B: For migration Studies carried across the world have ignited an endless debate about mass migration. Some people support the movement while others oppose it. Bauer and Zimmermann assert that mass migration has led to some inevitable significance based on facts to support this importance (22).
Several cities across the world have benefitted from this migration in different dimensions. To begin with, mass migration has significantly influenced economic growth of cities receiving migrants. Increase in population rates in these cities has led to success in overall economic terms on one hand.
The migration aspect associates world big cities, especially London and New York, with powerful economic achievements. According to Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead, migration into such cities is due to “their openness, economic vitality, existing cultural diversity and concentrations of economic and social power” (9). These cities gain economic progress through taxation. London authorities receive additional tax acquiesce due to subsequent growth in their council tax that may result from increased city population.
Still on economic terms, some migrants visit places not due to their poor economical issues, but rather as tourists. Globally, countries commonly acknowledge that tourists form the backbone of economic growth. However, this aspect is mainly beneficial to developing countries as they receive funds and foreign exchange resulting from tourists’ visits into their countries.
Karoly asserts that immigrants have improved labor markets in the countries involved because immigrants have are distinct sources of labor (7). According to studies carried on labor importation practiced by European countries in early 1950s and 1960, “more elastic labor supply allowed faster economic growth without inflation” (Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead 47).
With the absence of barriers to social and economic issues, these immigrants provide a sustainable source of labor to the respective countries, thus improving the labor force. Despite the large supply of labor by immigrants to cities like London and New York, there is no evidence that indicates that migrants are the cause of increased unemployment rates in these regions.
Migration has harmonized peaceful co-existence between countries. Due to the aspect of migration, different races have the opportunity to share their cultural experiences cohesively enabling them to live peacefully with each other as communities. Globalization has enabled people to realize different opportunities across the world and enhance peaceful co-existence between races and nations with tourists playing a major role.
Martin and Widgre assert, “Tourism has become a major industry, as people cross national borders to experience new cultures or the wonders of nature” (8). The growing trend in migration has influenced how individuals live and imparted some significant changes in cultural values of communities, tribes, and races.
In cities like London and New York, immigration has enhanced social housing and social mix of people from different edges of the world (Hatton and Williamson 19). Despite the negative views of numerous studies on immigration, its importance is not ignorable as peaceful integration and cohesion among nations is of great importance of which immigration has influenced.
The current world has experienced massive changes in relation to environmental issues. Smith asserts, “As climate change and its associated processes result in more intense storms, sea level rise, or other cataclysmic environmental events, as some scientific studies are predicting, these events are likely to generate large numbers of environmental migrants or refugees” (618).
This observation is viable because such environmental hazards threaten human lives forcing people to migrate from their abodes in search of better places. Climate change adversely affects the availability of natural resources that significantly support life.
Therefore, in the context of changes in climate, several calamities occur including floods, which do not favor agricultural wellness, thus forcing migrants to move to towns or big cities to fight for their fate, causing great population surge in the towns (Ward 6). Therefore, as human as quality of life remains the most important, migration protects people from hazards that are threat to life.
Personal Opinion Migration is arguably among the worlds biggest contemporary issues. Almost every country is suffering from this global challenge and is often a politically contested subject in the world.
According to the U.S. statistics, “about a third of the 191 million international migrants today have moved from one developing country to another, with another third moving from developing to developed countries” (Smith 619). People, especially leaders, have received immigration with different perceptions and opinions with some objecting and others proposing to it.
However, none is to blame for this confusion since the world is still growing and the majority of people hardly know how challenging the immigration subject seems. As cities security, annual expenditures, and the welfare of the native remain crucial, survival of every human being and quality of life is more important. Both the merits and demerits of migration are equally important towards ensuring survival.
In fact, the world is far from fully maturing economically, and thus migration is currently an insurmountable problem. It might eventually end depending on the pace at which the world grows and the strategies put in place to counter the problem. Personally, I do not think immigration is a bad thing and with proper planning and policymaking, any country can reap from the benefits of immigration.
Conclusion Migration is among the most politically and socially contested matters in the current world of globalization. Migration, which implies movement of people from region to another, has proved challenging to numerous countries across the world. European countries entertained migration after the Second World War, with a major aim of acquiring labor force from persons from developing countries.
This move could not come at a better time as people living under stressful and tight socio-economic in third world countries would do anything to get to Europe. Migration has enhanced economic growth in developed countries by providing powerful labor force, improved taxation rates that are significant financial support to local authorities, and encouraged peaceful co-existence, which is vital for economic interdependence among nations.
However, migration has led to other serious problems in big cities and towns including increased government expenditures, upheavals in maintaining peace and security, and poor living standards of immigrants living in these towns and capital cities. Therefore, governments need to come up with an appropriate solution to migration dilemma.
Works Cited Bakker, Caroline, Martina Elings-Pels, and Michele Reis. The Impact of migration on Children in the Caribbean, 2009. Web.
Bauer, Thomas, and Klaus Zimmermann. Assessment of Possible Migration Pressure and its Labor Market Impact Following EU Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe, 1999. Web.
Bertocchi, Graziella, and Chiara Strozzi. The Age of Mass Migration: Economic and Institutional Determinants, 2006. Web.
Department of Economic and Social Affairs. “Population distribution, urbanization, Internal migration and development: An internal perspective, 2011. Web.
Gordon, Ian, Tony Travers, and Christine Whitehead. The Impact of Recent Immigration on the London Economy, 2007. Web.
Hatton, Timothy, and Geoffrey Williamson. The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.
Karoly, Lorant. The demographic challenge in Europe, 2005. Web.
Martin, Philip, and Jonas Widgre. “International Migration: Facing the Challenge.” The population reference bureau 57.1 (2002): 3-40. Print.
Smith, Paul. “Climate Change, Mass Migration and the Military Response.” Orbis 51.4 (2007): 617-633. Print.
Ward, David. Population Growth, Migration and Urbanization, 2012. Web.