Analysis Of The Better Place Electric Car Scheme Essay A Level English Language Essay Help

Introduction Better Place’s (BP) idea to roll out electric car charging points is a step in the right direction. Electric Vehicles (EVs) as offered through BP’s scheme are quite promising because most challenges associated with EVs have been addressed by the organisation. Prospects for future improvements are also quite high as indicated through current innovations.

Analysis Energy sustainability

Environmental concerns have been the major reason behind the push for greener sources of energy on the roads. Electric vehicles are a possible solution to increased dependence of most countries on imported oil. Weaker economies have suffered as a result of their energy choices. Climate change concerns have also become a major preoccupation among the G8 and many other developed nations of the world (Lee


Organizational Staffing at Effective Management Solutions Company Essay online essay help

Table of Contents The situation

Attractiveness of the HVP program

HVP Program and Job Offer Acceptance Rate

HVP Program and Turnover

Reaction of Current Associates to the HVP program

Issues and Problems of the HVP Program Plan

Recommended Changes in the HVP program

Reference List

Staffing is a very crucial management element that is involved with the coordination of the human resource or work force in an organization. It is a concept that has evolved over the years due to changes in the understanding of the aspect of human resource and the value attached to it. In the early days for example, employees were treated in a bad manner and could be replaced more often without consideration of the consequences the organization would face.

Currently, the need to treat employees in a good manner in an effort to maintain and retain them has been recognized and embraced. This is because the human resource is a crucial element that contributes to the success of an organization through driving other forces, for instance, the assets (Ployhart, Schneider and Schmitt, 2006). This paper looks at organizational staffing at the Effective Management Solutions Company with much emphasis being given to the Hiring and Variable Pay program (HVP).

The situation Effective Management Solutions Company is an organization that has undergone a lot of changes in regard to the human resource area. It is a growing company whose focus areas include management systems, human resources, business process improvement as well as quality improvement. The organization’s desire to increase its revenue has necessitated the establishment of a strategic revenue growth plan, which in return has touched on the issue of human resource in the company.

There is a need to enhance the workforce in the organization through increasing the number of staff and making the working conditions better for the purpose of retention. Currently, there is a high rate of turnover and hence the need for replacement staffing. This situation has therefore led to the need for changes in the human resources and thus the establishment of the HVP program

Attractiveness of the HVP program Despite the EMS Company’s efforts to enhance the human resource sector for instance through provision of competitive salaries and good benefit packages, there is still much that need to be done so as to achieve the targeted goals especially in regard to revenue growth.

The HVP program has been proposed in an effort to place the EMS Company in a better position so as to achieve the projected results in terms of revenue growth. Its main focus is however to look into the current job offer practices in the organization so that the staff needed to fill the gaps are attracted and also retained in the company for consistence and good performance.

The HVP program is relatively attractive to both the applicants and those who receive offers since the salary and benefits terms are enhanced. However, those who receive offers would find the HVP program most attractive. This is because they are presented with three plans from which they can choose the most suitable. This brings about convenience that will in turn enhance job satisfaction and good performance.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More HVP Program and Job Offer Acceptance Rate The HVP program will definitely have an effect on the job offer acceptance rate. The HVP program aims at bringing positive changes in the organization for instance increased job offer acceptance rate, reduced turnover and increased job satisfaction among others. The HVP program is likely to increase the job offer acceptance rate.

This is because the new terms that are presented in the program are attractive. This includes the salaries and benefit packages which are some of the factors that determine an individual’s choice and acceptance of a given job in one company at the expense of another. This is however subject to other factors, for instance, the working conditions since some employees are not only interested with the pay but also working conditions such as job satisfaction and job security.

HVP Program and Turnover Employee turnover is a concept that should be kept to the minimum rate possible. Staff turnover is the rate at which an organization gains and loses employees. It can be determined or viewed on the angle of how long an employee is retained in a certain organization. In regard to staff turnover, the HVP program is likely to reduce the rate of employee turnover. This is because the factors that facilitate employee retention such as good pay and benefits are looked at by the HVP program.

This will increase job satisfaction of the employees and they will therefore not find reasons to move to other companies in search of satisfaction. It is therefore the responsibility of the human resource management body in any organization to ensure that employees’ job satisfaction is always enhanced since it not only foster retention of the employees but also enhance performance that in turn leads to increased productivity and profitability (Taylor and Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, 2002).

Reaction of Current Associates to the HVP program Just like in any other aspect, there ought to be different reactions from the current associates in regard to the HVP program. Initially, there ought to be mixed reactions with some of the current associates supporting the HVP program fully and others rejecting it due to doubts of its effectiveness or the positive effects it would have to their employment.

Resistance is the most probable reaction where even though the current associates may perceive that HVP program to be advantageous, they may not be willing to embrace it fully. However, there are those who may advocate for it due to the fact that its terms and conditions seem promising (Mathis and Jackson, 2010).

Issues and Problems of the HVP Program Plan In as much as the HVP program may seem so attractive and promising, it will present some problems and issues not only to the human resources but also to the hiring manager. The three plans presented to the offered receiver, for instance, may bring about confusion where some may make wrong decisions. The problem comes in where the switching from one plan to another is only allowed once in a period of two years.

We will write a custom Essay on Organizational Staffing at Effective Management Solutions Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This may lead to job dissatisfaction and hence poor performance and to the extreme, it may lead to quitting. To the human resource manager, the HVP plan will add to his/her workload where he/she needs to look into all the changes that are proposed. There is also the issue of dealing with all the human resources problems that will emanate from the implementation of the HVP program.

Recommended Changes in the HVP program To ensure that the HVP program is effective, there need to be some changes. There ought to be some flexibility where the staff is given some chance to switch from one plan to the other whenever there is a reason, for convenience purposes. The program should also be introduced at a moderate rate rather than at once to avoid any chances of confusion among the parties involved including the employees and the management body.

Reference List Mathis, L.R. and Jackson, H.J. (2010). Human Resource Management. 13th Ed. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning

Ployhart, E.R., Schneider, B. and Schmitt, N. (2006). Staffing Organizations: Contemporary Practice and Theory. 3rd Ed. New Jersey: Routledge

Taylor, S. and Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. (2002).The Employee Retention Handbook. London: CIPD Publishing


Hospitality as a Discourse Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction


The Modern Society: A picture

Natural Nature of Social Cultural Hospitality

Noble Nature of Social Cultural Hospitality



Introduction As a discourse, hospitality has enabled me to understand a personal experience in my life. Moreover, it has reinforced my belief that, as a discipline and a social reality, hospitality is one of the most fundamental societal concepts of our time.

As our modern day societies become more individualistic, I feel that a large number of persons in our societies are abandoned to experience the world and life in lonely and lonesome contexts. This phenomenon is due to the increasing negation of the long held beliefs of offering hospitality to friends, relatives, and even strangers; a notion that originated from our medieval societies (Selwyn 2000, p.14; Lomaine 2005, p.17; Heal 1990, p.7).

As I was studying the course, the social/cultural domain of hospitality struck a chord with me, and reinforced my belief that modern day society’s abandonment of the culture of hospitality has contributed to the overall decay in moral and behavioural levels within our societies (Lashley 2008, p.70).

The study of hospitality as a discourse brought to mind an act that our entire family engaged in during my childhood. There used to be a certain boy who walked around our neighbourhood mostly on weekends, and whose unkempt and dishevelled appearance earned him scorn and few friends. He mostly begged for food, and during the winter, he would ask to stay in various homes for warmth with little success. Our family, with the urging and initiative of my mother, resolved to take him in, and within a few years, our family adopted him.

Hospitality In the course of studying hospitality as a discourse, the various definitions of appeared to vindicate my belief that, modern society is lacking a tremendously vital and noble principle. By negating social/cultural hospitality at the expense of individualism, and self-centred approaches to communal issues, the modern society missed the mark.

Our modern societies no longer take in guests as a matter of social duty, and many times guests, even family, are viewed as a bother. The generous reception of strangers into our homes is virtually nonexistent.

The Modern Society: A picture One of the prices that modern society has to pay for the abandonment of a culture and spirit of hospitality is that more children end up in foster homes. These children, lacking parental love and care that families can offer, mostly end up being socially mal-adjusted adults, and many more engage in crime and other social vices due to a lack of proper upbringing (Richardson, Foster,


Critical Analysis of Socrates’ (Diotima’s) View of Love Essay (Critical Writing) college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Love of Beautiful Things

Mysteries of Love

Critical Analysis


Work Cited

Introduction Socrates and Agathon were in deep dialogue trying to define love. Ultimately, they agreed that love must have an object and that the object must be in short supply and beautiful, or amusing. In their dialogue, they asserted that love desires and is always in want of beautiful and praiseworthy things; for it triumphs in happiness and wanes in sadness.

In their view, love does not desire emptiness or ugly things because it has to adore something or beautiful things. Therefore, Socrates presumed that love is a god of beautiful and marvelous things only. However, Diotima disputed this view because gods own both beautiful and ugly things. According to Rouse, Diotima views love as one of the spirits that mediate between human beings and gods, and mortal and immortal things (98).

Diotima argues that love is the offspring of gods of Plenty and Poverty and that is why he (love) desires beautiful things for his father is Plenty, and he dwells in want because his mother is Poverty. Therefore, Diotima views love as a continuum of beautiful and ugly things that human beings desire to achieve and attain happiness.

Love of Beautiful Things Since love is always in want and seeks to achieve beautiful things, it has compelled human beings to strive for beautiful things. Human beings struggle to achieve beautiful things that they lack in life, and in so doing they obtain happiness. Hence, human beings are in love with beautiful and smashing things for they need happiness.

It can be conclusive to say that, all human beings are lovers of beautiful and praiseworthy things, but human needs and means of achieving these things vary from one lover to another. Diotima asserts that human beings always desire to have beautiful and pleasurable things, and this constitutes love (Rouse 101). Human beings are willing to sacrifice themselves to obtain their desires, since love is always wanting and pursing nifty things.

Diotima adds that one tends to view own property as valued while views another’s property as worthless because his/her love seeks fair and beautiful things only. Viewing love to have a lack of healthy and beautiful things is contrary to the common view that love is generous. In the perspective of common view, Diotima’s view begs a question that, how can love be generous yet wanting at the same time.

Given that love pursues courteous and beautiful things, a human being use various approaches to satisfy his/her unique needs that love compels him/her to obtain in life, for it is always lacking. Since love seeks to obtain decent and beautiful things, immortality is one of the things.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Diotima argues that, the process of pursuing and expressing love is divine as human beings are pregnant in body and soul, yearning to immortalize themselves through procreation. Women are pregnant in the body, for they desire to immortalize their existence and live happily. Likewise, human beings can also be pregnant in soul because they are yearning to bear wisdom, virtues and ethics that build a better society, which bestows happiness to all.

Procreation of human desires provides the means of achieving immortality and happiness in life. Diotima argues that love occurs when a human being is pregnant and desires to bear beautiful things that are not only immortal, but also wise and virtuous (Rouse 104). It implies that love is assurance of immortality and happy live through procreation of body and societal values. Thus, love is not instantaneous feelings but assurance of the future and better life that is full of happiness.

Mysteries of Love Despite the fact that love seeks beautiful things only, all bodies have their inherent beauty that depends on different perceptions of lovers. Beauty in one body relates with beauty in other bodies because all are objects of love. Diotima advices that human beings need to pursue beauty knowing that beauty in all bodies is similar, for it is sheer folly not to believe so (Rouse 105).

Thus, if one needs to appreciate beauty, one should realize that beauty exists in all bodies and that there is no single body that is beautiful, making it a mystery. Diotima further advices that, unseen beauty of the soul is more salient and precious than physical beauty of a body, which is particularly deceptive. Beauty of the soul is precious because it begets wisdom and virtues that are critical in loving and caring others.

In her view of mature love, Diotima argues that one needs to grasp the essence of love, as it is knowledge that recognizes and contemplates about world of beauty, and ultimately give rise to wisdom. Thus, Diotima views love as one of the qualities of the soul that enables human beings to desire wisdom and values, unlike common view of beauty that concentrates only on physical attributes.

The best approach of pursuing desires of love is to begin from one body, then to many bodies and ultimately to knowledge and wisdom for one to attain perfection of beauty and love. The reason why love does not grow is that humans base their desires on physical attribute of bodies and neglect beauty of the soul.

According to Rouse, Diotima argues that human flesh and colors have defiled and adulterated perception of beauty because human beings hardly consider beauty of the soul (107). Desire of physical attributes of a body is not only deceptive but a sign of immature love that lacks wisdom and values.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Critical Analysis of Socrates’ (Diotima’s) View of Love specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this view, Diotima perceives that physical attributes of a body obscure and obstruct real attributes of beauty that lies in the soul. Wisdom and values are indispensable elements of the soul that guide human beings in pursuing their desires according to passion imbued by the love. Thus, human beings need to focus on beauty of the soul since they derive considerable benefits such as wisdom, virtues, ethics and other values that are essential for personal development, unlike the body that hardly has any benefits except sight.

Critical Analysis I agree with Diotima’s view that love always desires pleasurable and beautiful things that make human beings achieve their happiness due to the satisfaction of their needs.

Love compels people to pursue different interests with a common objective of attaining excellence and becoming happy in life. Since love is always in want of finest and beautiful things, it means that love would cease to exist if human needs become satisfied. In nature, expression of love is evident in instances where there is a need and plenty, for instance, when the rich express love to the poor by helping them.

Moreover, given that human needs are infinite, the need to immortalize their existence and values are also expression of love. Immortality and societal values are courteous and beautiful desires that human beings struggle to achieve. I also agree with Diotima’s view that beauty of the soul is more powerful as compared to the beauty of the body. The beauty is soul is paramount because from it springs out wisdom, virtues and ethics that are higher values in the society.

If human beings were to accept Diotima’s view of love, society could be full of wisdom and societal values that uphold humanity. Diotima’s argument that human beings are pregnant in body and soul has deep implication as it means that everyone is full of love and ready to pursue its desires using all means possible. Desire of healthy and beautiful things that are inherent in love could be applicable in a positive manner if humanity concentrated on beauty of the soul rather than the physical body, which is deceptive.

Moreover, human beings need to know that everything is beautiful and that there is no single beautiful thing in the world, thus for one to obtain unwavering love, there must be wisdom and knowledge that emanates from the soul. Therefore, Diotima’s arguments are honorable for they enlighten humanity that even though love seeks reliable and beautiful things, it must focus on unseen attributes of the soul.

Conclusion Love desires pleasurable and beautiful things because it is always deficient. Love that human beings have for things has prompted them to utilize all means at their disposal to fulfill their desires. However, Diotima cautions that all things are trustworthy and beautiful in their own right, and therefore, no one should compel things that are not trustworthy or beautiful to look crooked or ugly.

Diotima asserts that unseen beauty of the soul is more powerful than mere physical attributes of a body. Thus, attributes of the soul such as wisdom, virtues and ethics should form the basis of moral and beautiful things that love desires.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Critical Analysis of Socrates’ (Diotima’s) View of Love by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Work Cited Rouse, John. Great Dialogues of Plato. New York: The New American Library, 1956.


Education in Australia as a Tool of Promoting Equality of Opportunity Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Table of Contents Abstract


History of Education in Australia

Role of Education

Social Groups with Limited Access to Education

Policies Designed to Overcoming Inequality in Education system



Abstract Education in Australia is provided and delivered in different forms but the traditional mode of acquiring education is considered conventional and widely accepted.

This traditional mode entails provision of education through the school system which may be public or private and may be a primary or elementary as it is known in some countries; it can also be secondary and tertiary which includes higher educational institutions like the colleges and universities. The availability of numerous educational opportunities in Australia is an indication that every Australian has a variety that he/she should choose from depending on his/her preference.

As to whether or not this numerous educational opportunities are taken to mean that all Australians have equal access to education is the main subject of this essay. This essay will discuss the role played by education and training in Australia as a way of promoting equality of opportunity. The essay will begin by giving a brief description of education in Australia and identification of various social groups that have a limited chance to education and training and provides factors that influence their access to education.

It will also discuss the processes and the policies that the government can design to overcome the inequality of opportunity. Consequently, the essay will dwell on the ways by which the community can support the disadvantaged groups. At the end of the essay, recommendations of what need to be addressed to facilitate equality of opportunity will be given and a conclusion drawn thereafter.

Introduction There has never been a unanimity concerning the goals and the outcome of education, consequently no one has comprehensively defined education. The widely accepted definition of education is to “stimulate a love for questioning, to promote self reliance and risk taking” (Tepperman


Business Communication: Qantas Airline Report argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Executive Summary This report entails an analysis of market communication within organizations. To provide a real life situation, the report entails an analysis of how market communication that has been integrated by Qantas Airline. The report gives the background information on the concept of market communication within organizations. The report also illustrates the various market communication strategies used by Qantas Airline.

In the report, both traditional and emerging market communication strategies are considered. The report considers a number of marketing communication strategies such as advertsising, public relations, and direct marketing. Furthermore, the report also highlights the effective sue of non traditional marketing initiatives such as the employment of web based communication tools. The paper highlights some of the tools that available for utilization by the company such as social median nd the company’s website.

In order to develop a comprehensive understanding of how Qantas Airlines uses these strategies, the report has illustrates the various mediums used by the firm. Some of the mediums considered include use of television, radio, and billboards. Additionally, the report illustrates the emerging market communication mediums used by the firm. Some of the emerging marketing tools that the paper highlights as useful to Qantas include Facebook, twitter and YouTube.

The report also evaluates the various factors contributing towards Qantas Airline success in its marketing communication, such as adoption of social media marketing, and the collaborative marketing drives with strategic business partners .Finally, a conclusion on the importance and the effectiveness of the company’s current marketing strategies, their advantages and shortcomings is offered. The paper also offers recommendations on the new strategies in marketing communications that the company needs to adopt.

Introduction This report is aimed at conducting an analysis on marketing communication strategies that Qantas airline has incorporated in its operation. Communication entails the process of exchanging information through symbols and words. The objective of communication is to develop a common understanding. Communication is a critical component in the success of businesses.

Currently, the global airline industry is characterized by an increment in the intensity of competition. As a result, it is critical for firms to incorporate an effective marketing communication (Ferrel


Public Art’s Benefits and Effects in the Community Essay scholarship essay help

Public art is any work of painting, sculpture, drawing or writing done by a creative mind in a public place. It is meant for the community or a wider society. Its significant purposes include telling a story- past, present, or even future. Public art, which always receives its funding from governments and NGOs, also has the responsibility to educate the society. This essay is going tackle its benefits and effects in the community (Cartiere, 2008).

There are several merits of public art in the community or even those found in the cities. For instance, sculptures and drawings create a feeling of consciousness and belonging (Coutts


Emergency Response Operations Essay college essay help: college essay help

Emergence response operations are necessary in the society as they help in combating emergencies. Fire and rescue team, law enforcement officers and recovery divisions are responsible for the emergency response operations.

In California, emergency responses operations are carried using the Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations which has been designed to assist the law enforcement personnel. Some of the major emergence operations that are relevant include technological disasters, civil and natural disasters. This guide has been set with watch commanders and field officers in mind. Law enforcement managers and deputy and line officers would also find the guide useful.

The guide incorporates standardized emergency management system statutory and the concept requirements as well as the law enforcement incident command system (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009).

The guide has to be followed by any one carrying out operations related to emergency response. The paper researches the California Office of Emergency Services on the recommendations provisions on emergency response by the law enforcement to identify the important issues raised and why they are important.

Communication and coordination between the different bodies involved in emergence response operations are essential elements required by the Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009).

The regulations provided by the SEMS demand that when the local government emergency operations center is activated a chain of communication and coordination need to “be established between the Incident Commander and the response Department’s Operations Center (DOC) to the EOC or directly between the Incident Commander and the Local Government EOC” (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009, p.11).

Additional requirements include the establishment of communication and coordination between state or local emergency response agency with the local OEC government. In this case, the emergency response agency must have the jurisdiction over and take responsibility for incidents that are likely to take place within the confines of the local government in question.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Prior to the undertaking of an emergency response by the ICS, it is important that they first communicate with the local government. In this case, the local government level is the one that covers counties, cities, and districts and they have the mandate of managing and coordinating all the emergency responses and any recovery response from within.

The reason why communication and coordination is required between these departments is because the field operations levels depend on the jurisdiction of the local governments. The policies, procedures used in dispatching jurisdiction and the communication capabilities are useful in determining the linking of the field level operations (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009). Jurisdictional responsibility is important as they determine the field level from which the operation takes place without any failure.

Without proper coordination and communication it would be impossible for ICS field response team to carry its operations in time. The Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations (2009) indicates that such linkages are crucial because communication lines, jurisdictions and policies dictate the size of an emergency.

It is the recommendation of the SEMS regulations that all the emergency agencies with jurisdiction authority in a multi agency incident that they organize all the field responses based on the incidents command systems (ICS) (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009). SEMS regulations only find use in those incidents characterized by multiple jurisdictions.

This is the case even in a case whereby the regulations are treated as single disciplines. Case incident is used in reference to mean occurrences owing to either natural or manmade phenomena. Such phenomena may at times demand that prompt be taken in order to mitigate or prevent damage or loss of not just human life, but that of the natural resources as well.

However, there has been a dilemma on when to adopt ICS. This has over the years been the case where emergency response agencies have been reluctant and hesitant on what to apply. But, with time it has been advisable to use ICS in any incident or emergency no matter its size. The provisions have enabled single discipline use first on-scene emergency responder who follows the guidelines of ICS (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009).

The reason why the single disciplines were included in the ICS usage was because most of the single response incidents have the capacity of expanding to multi discipline incidents that may require extra resources. So, to avoid this gray area, it has been advisable to adopt the ICS principles. The ICS provides basics concept of functionality that ensures that the emergency is mitigated and the job done.

We will write a custom Essay on Emergency Response Operations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Because of the fire that was destructive in the 1970 in southern California, the Incident Command System (ICS) was developed (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009). The issue was the chain of command that was followed in by the law enforcement incident command system.

This delayed the emergency response operation as it took much time than necessary to respond the incident that proved to be disastrous. To counter this, a risk management system was designed to ensure effectiveness among the firefighting agencies. It also ensured that coordination and communication was achieved when combating multijurisdictional fires (Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations, 2009).

ICS is flexible and can be applied in any function that requires response. The reason why ICS has been important issue is because of its ability to respond rapidly without any delays to emergencies. The system is able to respond to both single and multi discipline emergencies. Since then the California office of emergency services has been using the ICS as part of their Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations.

In conclusion, the Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations has been of great importance to the California emergency response department. By the development of the ICS it has been possible to respond to both single discipline and multi discipline emergencies.

The major issues are the coordination and communication of the links between the different bodies and the local departments. This is because the local emergency departments offer the policies and the jurisdiction procedures that can be applied the ICS on the area it has mandate. The jurisdiction of the local governments determines the field level from which the operation takes place.

Initially the SEMs regulations required ICS to be applicable in multiple emergency disciplines. However, because of the dilemma it caused, it was improvised to accommodate single discipline emergency respond. This was based on the functionality of ICS making it possible to act on emergencies. Lastly, it has been possible to increase the effectiveness and coordination of combating multi disciplinary emergencies.

Reference List Law Enforcement Guide for Emergency Operations. (2009). Web.


The Importance of Becoming an Independent Learner at University Essay a level english language essay help

Institutions of higher learning have acknowledged the need to vary learning methods. As such there is emphasis on learner independence. The concept of independence learning is explicitly stated by a number of scholars.

Moore (1973) states that independent learning deviates from traditional learning methods and therefore student are permitted to learn their own unique ways which includes individual and teamwork and thus promote students academic growth. Additionally Little (n.d.) believes that independent learning is the ability to accept the “responsibility of all making decisions in respect to learning which includes inquiry and discovery of new knowledge.”

Little’s (n.d.) assertion on independent learning implies that learners must therefore be autonomous by the way of owning the learning process. To do this means those students need to acquire certain learning skills that support independent learning. The purpose of this paper is to explain skills that contribute to independent learning, which students need to excel academically.



Business and Economics Essay essay help

Effective business management is one of the core issues lacking in most business organizations. According to Bob Farrell motivating the workers is a central feature in establishing a sound and effective managerial environment. Motivation, for instance, as illustrated in his video titled Give e`m the PICKLE is presented as the principal force behind successful organizations.

Thus, the video seems to suggest that lack of motivation is unhealthy for both the client and the concerned business organization. In essence what this indicates is that by inspiring the employees in an organization the chances that they will be productive are high.

Another highlighted feature in Bob Farrell’s video, Give em the PICKLE revolves within the scope of client satisfaction. Basically, the central role of any business organization is to satisfy its clients.

Hence, Farrell asserts that for any organization to satisfy its clients it ought to embrace the concept of serving others its topmost priority. This is he supports by arguing that business is actually a noble career and all involved must be proud of what they embrace. Also the scope of attitude is equally examined. The core approach to this features pertains to the manner clients are treated.

Thus, he notes that ones attitude determines how an individual treats the clients. More so, this is supported by insisting on consistency. What the video does is to explore the dynamics of teamwork. This is testified by the manner he explores the concepts of seeking apposite ways to make each and every aspect of serving look good and eventually delivering on time.

Examining the scope of consistency he points to the need of setting high but realistic standards and equally sticking to them. This is shown to be the principal reasons client’s returns for having received satisfying services.

Another highlight of the video touches on teamwork. It ought to be noted that individual talent in business is not appreciated as is with teamwork. Farrell notes that teamwork plays a crucial role in establishing the right managerial and organizational approach. This he notes is essential in providing seamless but healthy customer care. And this explains the need for client satisfaction which leads to client loyalty as well as building a core base of return and satisfied clients.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In essence, Bob Farrell explores the dynamics of running a business organization that have the right attitude in satisfying its clients. This is demonstrated in the manner he examines the subject pertaining to the client satisfaction. He notes client satisfaction means life to any business organization.

Horst Schulze is the chairman as well as chief executive officer of West Paces Hotel Group. Despite his involvement in hotel industry he has a long history in regard to travel industry. As depicted in the video, there a number of managerial issues that he profoundly examines and offers critical insight.

Human contact, for example, is one of the major issues that he argues helps in fostering strong business management. He notes that, because human contact cannot disappear it is thus essential to invest in apposite human resources development. This he notes would entail the integration of diverse features which includes training as well as technology.

With this in mind it is thus easier to create an organization which can be defined as a centre of excellence in regard to consumer satisfaction. Thus, human contact would entail providing the apposite to the client and this adds value to the services or products being rendered to the client.

Another instrumental feature that Schulze touches on this video seems to touch on the aspects of creating value rather than on concentrating on value itself. The concept revolves within the parameters of satisfying the client despite the situation. It is the creation of apposite products that helps in developing organizational values. According to his observation value is paramount in as far as organizational management is concerned and this is not restricted to hotel or travel industry it touches on all business entities.

Creating excellence as a leader in regard to proper business management is another feature that is elaborately defined in the video. It would be instrumental to note that excellence helps in the provision of the best products and as helps in establishing ethical parameters across the board. Schulze notes that discipline and strong leadership helps to nurture true aspects of excellence.

More so, without any aspects of excellence hospitality business cannot prosper according to his observation. Thus, excellence ought to be a central aspect in regard to any business whether hospitality or service provider. He notes that central to any success is learning to set standard which would add value to both the business as well as the clients.

We will write a custom Essay on Business and Economics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Too, the concept of building brand is equally mentioned as major component of propelling business organizations to grow. He notes motivating the workers is a core feature that compels both managers and their subordinates to be productive. Thus, managerial discipline helps in establishing a brand that is valuable and satisfying and more so profitable.


Goffman’s definition of stigma is still useful in 2011 Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

According to Goffman (1963, p. 89), social stigma is a process whereby reactive approach from society destroys the existing normal identity of a person. The author further defines social stigma as a process of disapproving personal characteristics and beliefs which are considered to be against societal norms and beliefs.

Goffman in his work identifies three types of stigma. To begin with, he explores life long experience which may result from mental illness. The second aspect is that he attempts to address physical deformity or distinct traits which are undesired.

Lastly, the aspect of associating an individual with certain beliefs, race or religions which are undesired in society has also been given special consideration by Goffman. Therefore, his definition of stigma can be viewed in different perspectives depending on how he presents each element that makes up the whole definition.

The author further divides relationship between an individual and stigma into three distinct groups. Firstly, the stigmatized are those individuals who suffer from the effects of stigma while normal individuals in society are those who do not bear the stigma. His third category consists of people who are wise and are considered normal even by those who have been stigmatized.

These three categories are indeed very important when exploring significance of stigma in contemporary age. While his theory and concept on stigma may to a large extent be disputed by other scholars, it is still imperative to note that the author, to a large extent, offers the right direction towards understanding stigma. Needless to say, this may be an important step in the right direction even in 2011 when societal stigma on various aspects is still dominant.

In modern society, stigma can be associated with necessity to be powerful whether politically, economically or socially. However, in some circumstances, the role played by power can be clear while in some situations it may lack clarity. For instance, inmates often undergo stigma related experiences as a result of power that is associated with the institution.

Thus, prisoners will be stigmatized on the basis that they are feeling powerless since they are being guarded. However, according to Goffman’s theory, the prisoners’ situation may not be equated to true stigmatization bearing in mind that they do not experience social, economic or political power in this situation. In addition, their thoughts are hardly directed towards the guards and hence, they are not seriously affected by the impact of stigmatization.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Goffman (1963, p.45), the aspect of stigma takes place when a person is considered deviant and linked with certain stereotypes which may be negative in nature. The present society still applies Goffman’s theory to illuminate how individuals are trying to manage their identities that are being perceived as undesirable in the presence of those who are normal.

For instance, the model is still applied by individuals who have certain diseases such as HIV/AIDS which for a long time, has been considered as a deviant ailment associated with those who are sexually immoral.

Therefore, HIV/AIDS patients try to manage their predicament even if they are disqualified from society by those individuals that Goffman termed as wise. However, Estroff (1989, p.189) argues that Goffman’s focus on the aspect of stigma is not fixed or inherent enough; the focus is a mere difference of meaning or experience faced by an individual (Goffman, 1963, p.53).

Goffman also defined stigma as an aspect that violates the expectations of society in both natural and ordinary settings among certain groups of people. According to the author, an individual who has attributes which are considered less desirable and are out of what the society expects is considered tainted or stigmatized in terms of identity.

Goffman argued that individuals with tainted identities have to be very cautious while presenting themselves in public. In addition, they need to critically determine the god or bad attribute to either hide or reveal to other individuals in certain circumstances (Estroff, 1989, p.190).

In present world, the society expects heterosexual adults to get an ideal mate and get married. Therefore, failure to achieve this may be considered to be abnormal and not acceptable in society. Moreover, individuals who have attained certain age are expected to find a partner and start up a family and therefore those who fail to achieve this are considered to be having an attribute that is less desirable in the society.

Nonetheless, in the society, there are still uniformly ingrained expectations of things that are considered natural and ordinary for individuals who decide to remain single even after attaining certain age (Fine


The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy Research Paper argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The U.S. Foreign Policy

The Hostage Crisis in Iran

The Effects of Public Diplomacy

The End of the Cold War

The Current State Of US-Russia Relations

The Future of US Diplomacy


Reference List

Introduction The Cold War was a political conflict characterized by military tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and its political allies that occurred between 1946 and 1991. The conflict did not involve direct military confrontations; nevertheless, propaganda, espionage, and nuclear threats were common. During the Cold War, the U.S. was engaged in public diplomacy by promoting its ideals and national interests.

The U.S. promoted the ideals of democratic governance and respect of basic human rights through its public diplomacy strategy. President Jimmy Carter (1977-1981), at the height of the Cold War, following the invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union, declared that the U.S. would use public diplomacy and if need be, military force to protect the oil rich Persian Gulf. This doctrine was appropriate and calmed tensions in international relations between the US and the Soviet Union.

The U.S. Foreign Policy The hallmark of President Carter’s rule was his human rights public diplomacy in all nations. Upon taking office, Jimmy Carter undertook to streamline domestic policy by pardoning an estimated 10,000 draft men who refused to fight in the Vietnam War of 1959-1975 (Ross, 2003, p.21). This move, although opposed by war veterans, aimed at unifying gesture as far as the U.S. foreign policy was concerned since the war was over. Additionally, this move implied the unwillingness to pursue the Cold War rivalry with the Soviet Union.

Among the situations that called for America’s diplomacy during the Cold War include the deliberate efforts to improve relations with the Soviet Union and ease the hostilities between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. The easing of tensions between the two nations, termed détente, began in 1969 to 1972, and needed America’s diplomatic efforts.

The public diplomacy efforts during the Cold War were led by the United States Information Agency (USIA), which had the primary role of preventing the spread of communism and combating propaganda from the Soviet Union (Wilson, 2004, p.147). However, Carter’s approach was more of an activist and involved the assessment of foreign opinion before policy formulation.

The Hostage Crisis in Iran President Jimmy Carter’s doctrine was occasioned by the hostage crisis in Iran. At the time, the U.S. had little intelligence information on events taking place in Iran. Carter attempted to develop cordial relations with Iran’s military government to secure the release of 52 U.S hostages held in Iran.

However in 1979, the relations between the two countries worsened following the admission of Shah, who was suffering from cancer, into the U.S. for treatment. This action caused a diplomatic row as the Tehran military government sought Shah to stand trial for criminal charges. It sparked violent protests and an angry mob raided the U.S. embassy in Tehran to push the U.S. to return Shah to Iran. Following these events, the public diplomacy collapsed, and the U.S. hostages remained captive in Iran.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More President Carter invested considerable personal efforts in resolving the crisis. He immediately suspended all oil imports originating from Iran, and froze assets owned by Iranian military government in the U.S. as an economic sanction to secure the release of the U.S. hostages.

He also deployed a military rescue unit to Iran to secure the release of the hostages. However, the raid failed, and the negotiations reached a stalemate. In 1980, the Iranian government agreed to free the hostages on condition that the U.S. unfreezes Iranian assets in the U.S and stops interfering in Iranian affairs.

The Effects of Public Diplomacy According to Wilson (2004), the approach of public diplomacy used by President Carter turned to be effective during the Cold War in many respects. Firstly, it gave confidence to the dissidents including artists, politicians, and intellectuals from the Eastern bloc, who favored policies of the West (p.142). It also helped to spread the ideals of democracy eventually leading to the collapse of communism. It was clear, after the war in Vietnam, that the US image had been politically damaged.

As Lacquer writes, “Due to public diplomacy, America had to give propositions to other countries as opposed to commanding or military intervention in other countries” (1994, p.25). Recognizing this, Jimmy Carter embarked on promoting foreign exchange programs to promote cultural understanding. Additionally, he undertook to promote access of foreigners into American institutions to ensure a satisfactory cross-cultural understanding.

Through public diplomacy, the communist propaganda was disseminated leading to the collapse of communism from within. Additionally, public diplomacy ensures stable relations between countries thereby reducing their chances of going into war. Through continued dialogue such as the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) II talks, better relations between the US and the Soviet Union were ensured even though government-to-government relations were not persuasive (Brinkley, 1995, p.782).

The diplomacy also promoted the recognition of human rights and increased economic interdependence between the nations. The sanctions imposed against the Soviet Union affected its economy. Likewise, the shortage of oil occasioned by the Cold War affected the US economy. The public diplomacy, therefore, enhanced cultural and economic interdependence between the nations.

The public diplomacy approach used by President Jimmy Carter served to ease strained international relations between the US and the Soviet Union. It allowed dissidents, within the Eastern bloc, to understand the ideologies, human rights, and values of the West, which contributed to the collapse of communism.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The diplomacy also contributed to the ratification of the SALT II treaty that prevented arms war between the US and Soviet Union. However, the sanctions that accompanied public diplomacy affected the economies of many countries and created a shortage of oil.

The End of the Cold War Although many observers viewed the end of the cold war as victory for capitalism over communism, the events that led to the eventual end of the cold war were more complex and involved many dynamics over a lengthy period. In addition, even though an element of bad blood still existed between Russia and the US, the two nuclear nations had to maintain civility and even cooperation, especially in matters concerning proliferation of nuclear weapons.

The ideals of democracy and the benefits of capitalism slowly entered the ideological beliefs of many liberals within the Soviet Union. According to Suri, the common thread amongst the crises that established cracks in the Soviet communism and the institutional changes of later years was the desire for change in governance and governing principles (2002, p.62). As the cold war neared its end and many satellite nations become independent of Moscow’s influence, the average American heaved a sigh of relief.

The world at large was also able to breath easy, and the continuous and ceaseless fear of an imminent nuclear war between the Soviet Union and the US that many keen followers of the Cold War had to live with for decades now ceased somewhat.

Suri further states that, no singular event led to the end of the cold war and that the actual end came as a surprise even to the keenest of observers (Suri, 2002, p.63). However, the two former antagonist nations would soon realize the need to cooperate in efforts to limit the availability of nuclear weapons worldwide.

The Current State Of US-Russia Relations Since the end of the Cold War, several events on the world stage have led to the need for the limitation of nuclear weapons. The increase in terrorism, the emergence of rogue states with nuclear warheads such as North Korea, and an emphasis on diplomacy as means of averting war have all created a need to ensure that nuclear weapons do not fall into “wrong” hands.

The Current US president Barrack Obama has been a powerful proponent of limitation of nuclear arms. The US president has long envisioned a nuclear free world and has engaged his Russian counterpart, Dmitry Medvedev, in his quest to limit nuclear weapons proliferation.

In April 2008, both President Obama and President Medvedev signed the historic Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty, which enjoined the two countries to reducing their nuclear warheads by 30%. Both the US and Russia currently hold nearly 90% of the world’s stock of nuclear weapons and their leadership in reducing their nuclear weapons stock will, therefore, have a large impact on the global scale.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The US and Russia are also involved in the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), which aims to monitor and limit the availability and use of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) in the world, including nuclear weapons.

The PSI promotes international cooperation in its efforts to reduce the availability and use of these weapons (Rand, 2009, p.400). According to Michael, even though the treaties and nonproliferation pacts that were signed and created during the cold war had served a noble purpose, they should not be discarded, but rather re-negotiated and sustained (2010, p.12).

Michael states that policies that take cognizance of the danger posed by state and non-state agents obtaining nuclear weapons for terrorism and blackmail purposes should be pursued. In this regard, the US and Russia have also cooperated in ensuring that proper measures are put in place to monitor the worldwide manufacture of WMDs, with the creation of the PSI in 2003.

The Future of US Diplomacy The advent of globalization has necessitated a reorganization of the means and medium used in the pursuit of diplomatic ends. Smyth states that, the US has had to adapt its diplomatic policies to suit the advent of the Internet age (2001, p.423). The US is currently reeling from the effects of leakage of its treasured diplomatic cables from ambassadors in countries all over the world.

Julian Assange, the founder of the whistle blowing site ‘Wikileaks’ was able to obtain the diplomatic communication write ups of US ambassadors and other sensitive government diplomatic information, and subsequently undertook to releasing the information on the Internet for worldwide access. The highly embarrassing and potentially endangering leak has been a source of ceaseless shame for the US government.

Besides the increased use of the Internet as a medium of communication and information exchange in pursuit of diplomatic goals, the US has also engaged nongovernmental agents in its quest for change in developing countries. Unlike in previous years, the robust presence of civil societies in many countries has prompted the US diplomatic force to use these nongovernmental agents as a means of achieving various policy targets.

Conclusion The US foreign policy has been a subject of much analysis and debate since the US emerged as a global leader after the end of the Second World War. The US foreign policy has been able to adapt with the times; alternating between aggression, subtle threats, actual wars and direct diplomacy to achieve certain diverse ends.

Reference List Brinkley, D. (1995). Jimmy Carter’s Modest Quest for Global Peace. Foreign Affairs, 17, 782-8.

Lacquer, W. (1994). Save Public Diplomacy. Foreign Affairs, 73, 25-30.

Michael, N. (2010). Planning the Future U.S. Nuclear Force. Comparative Strategy, 29(1/2), 1-216.

Rand, P. (2009). The Proliferation Security Initiative: A Model for Future International Collaboration. Comparative Strategy, 28(5), 395-462.

Ross, C. (2003). The pillars of Public Diplomacy. Harvard international review, 25, 21-26.

Smyth, R. (2001). Mapping US Public Diplomacy in the 21st Century. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 55(3), 421-444.

Suri, J. (2002). Explaining the End of the Cold War: A New Historical Consensus?. Journal of Cold War Studies, 4(4), 60-92.

Wilson, P. (2004). Inventing Public Diplomacy: The Story of the U.S. Information Agency.

Boulder, Cologne: Lynne Rienner.


Organizing in Management Essay essay help online: essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction




Aspects of organizing



Introduction Organizations are important units that engage in several activities to benefit members of the society in different ways. Their set up includes areas that deal with health, businesses, government, private organizations and learning institutions. The role of organizations in the society covers a wide area that includes services delivery, product innovation and other responsibilities that benefit community members.

As a result, organizations have a responsibility to formulate strategies and policies to ensure effective work flow with their management structures. The strategies they come up with are used to implement new plans and projects that include resource management units that include finances, tangible assets, technology and human input. This paper will discuss several factors that organizing has in management in relation to the resources mentioned above.

Management Management is an important aspect of any organization because it dictates how activities are run. It is charged with the responsibility of managing resources in the society and to make sure that these resources are productive and accounted for which forms the basis for organizations in the modern times. However, principles of management do not entirely depend on modern systems but seeks to address emerging business needs, respect for humanity and organized distribution of economic resources.

As stated earlier, these resources include permanent assets, financial assets, manpower and technology. For effective management to be realized there is a team that works closely with managers to implement their recommendations. Samson


The meaning of ANZAC today best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction


Meaning of ANZAC today

Young People’s Interest in ANZAC



Introduction The present world enjoys peace, freedom and democracy among other benefits that our ancestors found to be scarce in their times. During those times, freedom was unthinkable, countries were colonized, and the fight for freedom was intense. For instance, some of the reasons for world war I sought to open trade routes in Russia, which was quite difficult.

Australian as well as New Zealand soldiers sacrificed their lives to defend freedom and democracy. In the process, a number of them lost their lives; others suffered severe damages, which included physical, emotional and mental effects. Military actions in various countries around the world during the 20th century were quite influential to current political state of the world. However, it is quite important to note that the current generations rarely recognize these sacrifices.

In fact, even though such ceremonies are regularly convened in remembrance of them, few people take time to understand what really happened. In sharp contrast, the youth in Australia and New Zealand are increasingly developing interest in ANZAC day, which remembers military action that occurred in 1915, involving soldiers from both countries. This paper will explore meaning of ANZAC day, as well as youth’s increasing interest in the same (Narushima, 2010, p. 1).

ANZAC Day ANZAC day is considered as one of the most important anniversaries in both New Zealand and Australia. The occasion marks anniversary of both countries’ greatest military action, which occurred during the first world war in Turkey.

This term refers to Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. In addition, the term is commonly used to refer to forces from Army Corps. This commemoration involves several events, which has attributed greatly to its lasting influence on youths, who find such ceremonies enticing as well as memorable (Robinson, 2010, p. 14).

Meaning of ANZAC today ANZAC day is quite influential in Australian lives. The level of seriousness in conducting of this event has a special meaning to Australians today. For instance, It conveys to Australians, the various meanings of war. This is mainly because of the way it is usually conducted. The process is usually broken down into two main phases namely, at dawn and during the day.

The former involves commemorative service on 25th April of every year. This is mainly because it reflects on the time when survivors of military action landed from war. On the other hand, the latter involves marching throughout major cities and centers, as well as ceremonies at war memorials (Ministry for Culture and Heritage, 2010, p. 1).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Young People’s Interest in ANZAC Young people in both Australia and New Zealand are increasingly gaining interest in their history. This is mainly because these events are commemorated regularly (annually) as well as taught in history. It therefore gives them a chance to evaluate fully the happenings along with sacrifices that were made by these brave soldiers to secure freedom for all (New Zealand mortgages, 2011, p. 1-2).

Moreover, the benefits of ANZAC are vivid and as Miss Gourley accounts, it gives them freedom to speak. In this regard, the day has become very significant in adolescent community as they encounter it both in school and in elaborate annual commemorations (Australian War Memorial, 2011, p. 1).

Conclusion ANZAC day is very significant in Australian lives as well as New Zealanders. This is mainly because their soldiers put their lives on the line, to protect democracy and freedom in world war I. It therefore conveys to Australians the various meanings of war. Moreover, young people in both Australia and New Zealand are increasingly gaining interest in their history. This is mainly because they encounter it both in school and in elaborate annual commemorations (Helliwell, 2010, p. 1).

References Australian War Memorial, 2011. The ANZAC Day tradition. Web.

Helliwell, Genevieve, 2010. More young people honouring Anzac Day. Bay of plenty times. Web.

Ministry for Culture and Heritage, 2010. Anzac Day Today. Web.

Narushima, Yuko, 2008. Call for a cap on Gallipoli crowds. The Sydney Morning Herald. Web.

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Jean –Michel Basquiat Essay college essay help near me

Jean –Michel Basquiat was a renowned artist for his excellence artistic work. By the age of twenty seven years, he was well known as a graffiti artist and an innovative painter. He is remembered for his loose and unencumbered painterly graphic style that was commonly linked with street art that greatly became very famous in 1980s. He professionally employed his artistic genius to articulate his subject matter that pertained to race, culture and heritage by the use of imagery, iconography and text.

. Jean-Michel Basquiat was successful to become a great artist at such an early age despite his poor upbringing and education background. His success is attributed to the ability of his mother and teachers to identify his artistic talent at an early age and supported him according. When his mother realized that his son was a very talented artist he took him into Manhattan to see art and then enrolled him as a junior member of Brooklyn Museum of Art where he familiarized himself to various artistic disciplines and practices.

Despite his work being not greatly studied, Basquiat was very talented and purposely assembled through his art a host of desperate traditions, practices and styles to come up with a unique form of visual collage, one originating partly from his urban origin and also from a more distant African –Caribbean heritage (The Art Story Foundation).

Brooklyn-based artist Lorna Simpson is another renowned artist of the 1980s. Her artistic style is demonstrated with her provocative photographic works that are mostly composed of isolated details of human figure or objects with fragments of text. Her artwork addresses issues such as racial, gender, violence and the notions of the body and interpersonal communication and relationships.

Her art reflects back about the slavery era and discrimination of the African-Americans, but in a different perspective that gives them some hope that anything is possible. Her cotemporary imagery involves taking back the power and building a new African –American position or women position for the Americans. Her art evokes some element of sadness, but accompanied by a sense of progress in terms of independence from the chains of memory (The City Review Inc (2007).

Willem de Kooning was another famous American artist whose artistic work is even currently cerebrated. Willem de Kooning artistic work employed various styles at various stages in his life. He started by concentrating in realism and geometric art which he mastered before exploring other alternatives which he equally perfected. He developed his first woman painting in 1950. His paintings were characterized with enlarged body parts such as enlarged breasts which raised a lot of scandal at first.

He also worked on abstract landscapes particularly between 1957 -1961. He received the greatest artistic distinction award in 1964. He was regarded as a leading exponent abstract expressionism. His life featured numerous demonstrations of his artistic works and retrospectives that featured duality of traditional figuration and gestural painting. Willem de Kooning was also known for the action painting that was often referred as gesture abstraction.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is a style of painting that involves splashing, smearing or spontaneously dribbling paints onto the canvas rather than applying it carefully. The resultant effect emphasized the physical act of painting as being very important element and particularly to the fished work. Later in life he moved from painting and started sculpturing which he also did very effectively ( 2011).

Reference List (2011).Willem de Kooning. Retrieved from

The Art Story Foundation (2011).Jean –Michel Basquiat. Retrieved from

The City Review Inc (2007). The Photographic and Film/Video Art of Lorna Simpson.


The Historical, Present, and Future Perspectives of the Social Security Program in the US Report (Assessment) a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

The concept of social security system is complex, although understandable under rigorous exertion. Various socioeconomic factors inspired the concept of social security system. This essay discusses the historical, present, and future perspectives of the social security program in the US.

The starting point of Social Security lies in anticipation of how an individual or a family sustains income when age encroaches, or disability jeopardizes the capacity to work, when a wage earner dies, or when an employer encounters involuntary unemployment (DeWitt, 2010, p. 1). Every society, through history, encountered this challenge often and developed various strategies to address this issue. The diverse strategies intended to solve this problem were based on the interplay of individual and collective efforts.

Private insurance provided a historical basis for Social Security. In the seventeenth century, private insurance was the chief way that the affluent protected their assets, particularly real property. Nevertheless, the notion of insuring against consistent economic hazards and threats was established in the late nineteenth century in a model of social insurance.

Social insurance in contemporary industrial societies offers an avenue for mitigating setbacks of economic security. The ideology of social insurance is that, people contribute into a fund scheme controlled by the government, which it uses to reimburse individuals when they become unable to sustain themselves.

The U.S. social security system benefits are weighted to allow individuals with lower earnings get higher benefit relative to those with higher incomes. Thus, the system provides progressivity regarding benefits.

At the onset of the industrial revolution, the demand for a working social security was inevitable. In preindustrial era, most Americans depended on land for self-employment as farmers, artisans, and laborers (DeWitt, 2010, p. 2). They lived in extended families, which provided the principal form of economic security for unproductive members.

Economic security was not a threatening issue in preindustrial America because for people did not live for long due to poor healthcare systems and living habits. Nevertheless, with industrialization came prolonged life expectancy; therefore, the need for new and dynamic strategies for reliable economic security became a necessity.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The aforementioned transformation led to the development of many programs to maintain social security of individuals who due to old age or disability reached an endpoint of productivity. The last decade of the nineteenth century saw the conception of Civil War Pension program.

DeWitt (2010) observes that, the federal government started to pay benefits to Union War veterans and their living families about the commencement of war (3). The Civil War pension scheme became a genuine social insurance program by the end of the 19th century. This program was valid until 2003 when the last surviving widow of Civil War veteran passed on.

In January 17, 1935, the Economic Security Act was proposed and presented to Congress for discussion, which culminated into its enactment into law on August 14, 1935 (DeWitt, 2010, p. 4). Currently, this law is termed as the Social Security, which consists of seven distinct programs.

The aforementioned Social Security Act inspired the initial payroll taxes in 1937 and the 1942 introduction of monthly benefits. This represented a form of a vesting period during which the least amount of work will be prerequisite to monthly benefits qualification. In addition, this period provided time to accumulate some level of reserves in the program’s account prior to flow of payments to recipients (DeWitt, 2010, p. 7).

The Social Security program, following its conception, was more sensible compared to the current system. The original program reimbursed two types of one-time, huge benefit. An individual approaching age 65 then, would be entitled to payment worth 3.5 percent of his/her covered income, while deceased employee’s estate would get a death benefit computed in a similar manner. Therefore, I would ensure the future of the social security program by adopting the initial strategies, which worked satisfactorily for the benefit of all people.

Reference DeWitt, L. (2010). The Development of Social Security in America. Social Security Bulletin , 70(3), 1-27. Retrived from web.


International Business – Superdry in India and China Report a level english language essay help

Introduction Super Group Plc is a UK based retailing firm constituting of three brands; Superdry, 77 Breed and Surf Co California. The Super Group apparel takes its inspiration from the Japanese culture of designs and vintage American for its styling and thus provides a very unique manufacture that is targeted to wide demographics.

The company further provides shoes, accessories and bags. The brand was formed in 1985 in London by Julian Dunkerton and started operations as a cult store in Cheltenham (The Telegraph 2011). It gained popularity with the celebrity endorsement by David Beckham and since then has expanded its operations in terms of standalone stores, cult and concessions, UK wholesale and e-commerce.

It has expanded internationally through franchising and license in 40 countries including Japan, Belgium, France, USA and Australia and in 85 stores through its online operations. It has a total of 39 outlets in the UK and Ireland and has 60 concessions and standalone stores in the House of Fraser throughout the country. It is also listed in the London Stock Exchange (Superdry Group Plc 2011).

Evaluation of Country Information The two countries chosen for an evaluation based on further expansion of Super Dry are India and China as both of these countries are emerging in terms of economics and the textile industry is significant contributor to the GDP in both the countries (Emme 2006).

In case of India, the textile industry is the major sector of the economy; it accounts for 14% of the total industrial production and contributes 20% to the total exports and 5% to the GDP. It is also one of the largest employers of the economy, employing 38 million people in the country hence there is great potential in the Indian industry for further growth and development as it is one of the emerging economies (Balasubramanyam 2005).

Although the Indian industry is plagued with bureaucracy and obsolete infrastructure in many cases and the investment is still limited to meet a global retail demand. However, the textile industry has evolved over time to become one of the most efficient industries in the world today, offering shorter production cycles, greater flexibility, greater value addition and a greater customization (Balasubramanyam 2005).

The sourcing agents and the retailers have a greater propensity and willingness to invest. The country is inclined towards more efficient use of information technology and business process outsourcing making its supply chains more integrated and coordinated. It offers a complete vertical integration of the apparel manufacturing process, from the growing cotton and final tailoring of the ready garments.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More India a has a population of 1.1 billion with a large segment of young population with purchasing power and an acceptance for new western trends and fashion styles. At the same time, there exists a cultural diversity in India whereby there are 15 different national languages and the dialect varies from state to state. This presents a complex market situatin where the target market is fragmented and thus a consolidated expansion may not be the most appropriate answer.

Organized retailing in India accounts for only 3% of the market, although this is lower than that of China at 20% but it represents under capacity utilization which means there is room for further development in this sector. There are 100 shopping malls in India today, as per the data of 2006 (Teck-Yong 2010).

China is the leading exporter of textiles with the market share of more than 10% whereas India is third largest exporter with the market share of 4%. China’s population is on a decreasing trend owing to its one child policy thus it does not have a young population as large as India’s (Balasubramanyam 2005).

The introduction of market system in China in 1970’s has changed the economic structure of the Chinese markets and industries; textile and apparel industry provides a similar example of these changes. “It has the largest apparel industry in the world which employs more than 3.9 million of the workforce and had 47,000 establishments in the year 1995. Chinese apparel production amounted to 9.685 billion garments (in units) and total apparel exports stood at a value of approximately US$24billion” (Gu 1999).

Textile exports in china accounted for 29.38% of the total Chinese exports in 1994, soon after the economic reforms were implementing. This suggests the importance this sector receives.

Although this number has reduced over time as China has expanded its markets incorporating a greater amount of electronic and other household items, textile and apparel industries continue to be important in bringing foreign currency into the country. As per the 2008 data, Chinese textile industry valued 65.406 billion USD, an increase of 16.6% from the year 2007. However, the textile exports have shown a relative decline despite the tax rebates that were adjusted twice after the second half of 2008 (Gu 1999).

A major chunk of this production accounts for foreign exports and thus made from imported fabric and cloth. Aimed at a mass a mass market, it has relatively less product differentiation and offers low prices. However, it has strategically divided its operations in production of high quality, high fashion international brands.

We will write a custom Report on International Business – Superdry in India and China specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It thus has an extensive and advanced distribution systems and outsourcing agents. 80% of U.S. imports from china are transported through the use of intermediary trade. Apart from being a characteristic of immense significance, this also poses a threat to the Chinese export market as it hampers the accurate assessment impossible (Emme 2006).

Furthermore, the sewing industry also experiences external economies of scale as much of it is concentrated along the coastal region making it easier for transportation and communication from its international markets hence it provides infrastructure to facilitate rapidly increasing international trade in apparel. However, on the other hand, the labour costs in China are increasing as well as the currency appreciation poses an inflationary pressure on the raw material procurement.

These rising costs have resulted in a more dispersed sewing and apparel industry whereby many of the producers have moved to inland locations to benefit from cheap labor and raw material. This makes it a less attractive market for further expansion of Super Dry as compared to India where the labour costs are extremely low facilitated by a cheaper currency (International Labor Organization 1996-2011).

Thus based on the above data evaluation, India is a more promising industry for further expansion and should be evaluated further. This is because although China is more developed in its operations, intermediaries and supportive infrastructure, it enjoys economies of scale but India still has a gap that can be filled with external investments. This vacuum can be filled with similar international expansions as it has the capacity to produce further, promoting the strategic aims of our expansion.

PESTLE Analysis of India and China as possible markets for expansion Based on Michael Porter’s Pestle framework, we will now deduce the key external factors that we will have to consider to support the decision of further expansion of Superdry. Following are the most important factors, affecting this particular strategy:

Political and Legal

The Indian government introduced the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA) in India that aimed to increase India’s Global textile market share. It has invested more than $11billion from 2000 to 2005 to increase the cotton production by 57% over five years.

Further, Vision 2010, aimed to achieve export value of $50 billion for textiles growth in the economy. These steps have enabled it to promote investment and growth in this sector (Jing 2010). So if Superdry is to expand in India, it will benefit from favorable government policies and regulations.

On the other hand, Chinese textile industry also receives political and government support, but has experienced a persistent decline after the financial year 2008. The government passed the Revitalization Plans for the Textile Industry in 2009 which aimed at supporting the recovery of the textile industry from a downfall which imitated in 2008. Export rebates have also been increased and adjusted several times to stimulate the industry (Jing 2010).

Not sure if you can write a paper on International Business – Superdry in India and China by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Economic

The textile industry in India is operating below its capacity at 3% thus has room for further growth. There are fewer barriers to entry as the industry does not benefit from external economies of scale as does the Chinese apparel and textile industry. The increasing population and purchasing power in India is also a positive indicator of Superdry expansion.

The Indian government in injecting significant amounts of money and providing support programmes for the industry growth. The tax rates are lower and so are the wages. The availability of cheap labor is the most significant advantage Superdry will benefit from in India and the abundance of cotton resources makes it a feasible location (Jing 2010).


The Indian society is rapidly adapting the western culture; the spread of western style clothing including jeans and t-shirts is common. English enjoys the importance as of the official language. The Indian lifestyle has evolved itself, creating more opportunities for international brand expansion.

The population constitutes mostly of youth and Superdry is mostly targeted to that demographics. Youth is more prone to adaptation of western lifestyles and luxury consumption. Also, research shows that luxury consumption has increased in India since 2001; the extended family structure in India provides individuals with greater purchasing power as compared to china where members of the households usually earn for themselves and immediate family only.

The Indian consumers are at the “show-off” stage of consuming international brands thus acquiring apparel from international brand is a status boost for average Indian consumer. Although Superdry, unlike other competitors like French Connection does not have a catchy logo, instead its logo is the unique prprostion as it is flexible in terms of writing, yet Indian society still likes to acquire international brands a sign of prestige (Teck-Yong 2010).


Both India and China are amongst the emerging economies highly dependent on high- carbon fossil fuels and thus carbon emission in these two countries is considerably high. These “energy giants” require substantial energy to fuel a growing populations as well as a rapidly developing economy.

The Chinese electricity consumption is expected to grow further and Beijing is heavily dependent on coal energy resources. It will incur very high fixed costs to expand Superdry in China as it would require a major structural change in order to introduce an environmentally friendly production method of production while on the other hand, India has a vacuum and less production levels, it does not enjoy economies of scale yet. Thus these changes can be introduced with less costs incurred (Frauke 2009).

SWOT Analysis of Chinese and Indian Textile Industry Based on the external environmental audit, the following opportunities and threats have been identified while the company analysis has enabled to identify the following strengths and weaknesses, useful in decision making for international expansion.

SWOT Analysis of Chinese Textile Industry


Government has extended its fullest support to the industry by lower taxes, providing credit and easy access to foreign markets.

Country has ample human and labour resources.

Coordination between industry and financial institutions has allowed the industry to see great potential over the years.

Worldwide acceptance of textile products produced by China.


Restrictions under certain clauses of WTO still can be a threat to the Chinese textile products.

Competition from developing countries such as Cambodia, India, Vietnam etc. could have adverse affect on the demand for Chinese products.


There is a lack of strict intellectual property rights.

Small and medium enterprises face difficulties to make entry into highly competitive market.

The industry is still considered to be fragmented and much more effort is required.

Technology being used in the industry requires revamping and high levels of investment may be required which could be difficult to achieve as the global economic conditions are uncertain.


Textile liberation and expected abolition of export quotas can help the Chinese Textile industry.

Foreign investment and cooperation will continue to play an important role in the Chinese textile industry as more and more brands and companies are shifting their production houses to China.

financial institutions has allowed the industry to see great potential over the years.

Worldwide acceptance of textile products produced by China.

Figure 1: SWOT Analysis of Chinese Textile Industry

SWOT Analysis of Indian Textile Industry


Strong cotton base

Cheap Labor

Strong entrepreneurial class

Flexibility in production and design

Presence of intermediaries to serve as third party logistics

Ability to handle value additions, embellishments etc.

Good “cultural” comfort with US and Europe.

Growing market for fashionable Western apparel

Increased population

Growing use of information technology


Trade blocs and partnerships at the exclusion of India

Location disadvantage: long transit time to key markets.

Projected to have increased carbon emission by 2020, decreasing its popularity as a key investment opportunity

Enhances competition from other countries similarly constrained by quotas

Pricing pressure, following opening up of quotas.


Poor work practices resulting in higher labor cost component in many staple garments, in spite of low labor costs.

Rigid government labor policy and lack rationalization of duties in MMF.

High transaction and power cost.

Too much emphasis on cotton, synthetic fiber base not equally developed.

Fabric/processing still to gear up to meet international standards.

Technological obsolescence and lower efficiencies.

Lack of strong linkages between raw material supplier and the apparel manufacturer.

Highly fragmented markets, unit production capacities very low in international standards.


Quotas carried on in China after 2005.

Good political equation with EU and US.

Improvements in infrastructure and regulations

Research and product development

Buyers preferences for India, after China

Understanding buyer needs because of language advantage

Figure 2: SWOT Analysis of Indian Textile Industry

India has significantly lower raw material costs, wastage costs and labor costs when compared to other countries as estimated India’s labor costs to be amongst the lowest as $3 a day ( whereas in China its $18 a day (International Labor Organization 1996-2011).

India can offer flexibility in manufacturing as it is largely a fragmented market with average scale of operations smaller than that of China, meaning India has greater capacity to offer variations and postponement in design at the later stages of production. This facilitates mass customization as well helps to bridge the gap between mass customization and repetitive methods of production.

India has fully developed textile value chain extending from fiber to fabric to garment exports. The capability across the entire value chain within the country is an advantage as it reduces the lead-time for production and cuts down the intermediate shipping time, which means a shorter through put and hence loyal clientele (Balasubramanyam 2005).

India has large growing domestic market, as the disposable income level is increasing as well as consumer awareness and propensity to spend. General consumer mindset is changing that led to increased consumption of personal care and lifestyle products that again offer great growth opportunities for companies across various sectors including textiles. Further, the increasing preference for Western style apparel, including silhetous and leather jackets etc will make the market very receptive to the new brand (Teck-Yong 2010).

India has built adequate infrastructure throughout the various stages in textile development, that is, design, sourcing, merchandising and production that enable companies for quality product design and development (Emme 2006).

Despite a large and growing market, the presence of large number of small-scale players makes the Indian textile industry highly competitive. The high level of competition in the textile industry makes the firm to work efficiently by increasing productivity and innovation which results in manufacturers focusing on quality improvements, cost reduction and high productivity.

Quality can be ensured at all levels of production through a trained and motivated workforce. While at the same time, external pressures of environmental controls is likely to result in its conformance with the environmental regulations, which will also precisely mean a reduced popularity of Indian market as an investment opportunity (Balasubramanyam 2005).

Porter’s Diamond Analysis for Chinese Textile Market China supports lucrative affairs. China has advanced international relations, expanding economy and effective government reforms, and these all factors support the textile companies to expand their businesses in China. The Chinese Textile Industry promotes structure adjustments and actively upgrade international and domestic markets and resources to provide a rapid and constant growth. The textile industry of China has always been one of the conventional pillar industries of the country.

According to Chinese Council of International Trade, “The outputs of Chinese cotton yarn, cotton cloth, woolen cloth, silk, chemical fiber and clothing have topped the world, and the export of clothing has been holding the first ranking in the world for many years”(CCPIT 2007).

Porter’s Diamond Analysis for Indian Textile Industry Figure 3: Porter’s Diamond Analysis

Indian textile industry Textile industry is a strong base for Superdry expansion as it has abundant cotton resources, cheap labor; wage rates are considerably lower than in the rest of the world and most importantly, the communicating is easy as most of the population is familiar and fluent with the use of English (Teck-Yong 2010).

The industry is strengthened by government policies that allow greater opportunities in domestic and international market. Abundant raw material availability helps industry to control costs and reduce the lead-time across the operation. Low cost and skilled manpower availability provides competitive advantage to industry. Large varieties of cotton fiber are available in large quantities and have a fast growing synthetic fiber industry.

Government subsidies and export promotions in the industry create high growth potential and would provide Superdry incentives to enter and grow in India market. Hence there are fewer barriers to entry, as government promotes investments in this sector through extended credit terms and a subsidy of 10% with reimbursements of 5% as shown in the figure above (Emme 2006).

India is also amongst the greatest users of information technology and benefits from an efficient flow of information throughout its production processes, making its supply chains integrated and coordinated. India’s strong performance and growth in the textiles sector is aided by several key advantages that the country enjoys, in terms of easy availability of labor and material, afloat and large market demand, presence of supporting industries and supporting policy initiatives from the government.

The textile industry is undergoing a major reorientation towards non-clothing applications of textiles such “as technical textiles like thermal protection and blood-absorbing materials, seatbelts, adhesive tape and multiple other specialized products and applications” (Kasturi 2010).

Key Strategic Organizational Issues The form of business for Superdry would be a private limited company and the company will have a divisional structure of hierarchy. This division will be by geographic reach.

Figure 4: Proposed Organizational Chart

As shown in the organizational chart above, Superdry has many divisions and thus follows a multidivisional structure. Thus the span of control can be altered but the flow of information will be hindered because of a vast structure and hierarchy.

Apart from this, operations concerns may also exist in the Indian division as just in time production methods may be difficult to employ. Firm must decide if it wants its supply chain to be responsive or efficient and will have to employ infrastructure to facilitate the strategic goals. Political risks and location of major markets will also be a concern for the firm (Kasturi 2010).

Human resource issues include assessing the staffing needs and costs for adopting alternative strategies, motivating employees and developing a strategy supportive culture which would induce employees to support Superdry’s strategic goals.

Research and development issues include hiring the trained and qualified employees to shorten the product life cycles by technological improvements in the products. It is a challenge to implement a well formulated R


Beneficiaries of U.S. welfare programs Report (Assessment) best essay help

The U.S. federal government has put in place various welfare programs to cater for the needs of certain vulnerable groups within the society. There are distinctive qualities that define an individual’s eligibility to a welfare program. These programs target different groups of people in society. This paper explores the available U.S. welfare programs in respect to their beneficiaries.

First, social security programs majorly provide benefits for military veterans. Military veterans constitute almost a quarter of the social security programs beneficiaries; 9.4 million military veterans received survivors, disability, or old age benefits from the Social Security program (Olsen, 2005/2006, p. 3). This population has exceeded its prime age and does not have the strength to support itself adequately.

It is pertinent to note how policymakers determine income credit for beneficiaries of the Social Security programs. In this light, the veteran population predominantly influences the economic well-being of the beneficiaries of the Social Security.

Importantly, the characteristic of the military veteran recipients of the Social Security benefits differs from the overall beneficiaries of the Social Security (Olsen, 2005/2006, p. 3). Most of the veteran beneficiaries are males relative to the overall beneficiaries. Other striking differences project the military veterans from other beneficiaries include marital status, and level of education among others.

The Social Security program benefits the eligible population through offering financial support. Since 1957, the Social Security programs have covered military personnel, and particularly those who served in 2001 or prior, obtained notable credits that increased their income for the aim of calculating the Social Security benefits.

According to Olsen, between 1957 and 1977, these credits totaled $300 per quarter of active-duty reimbursement (2005/2006, p. 2). Further, between 1978 and 2001, credits equal to an extra $100 in pay for each $300 they get in active-duty reimbursement.

Who funds such social programs? According to Martin (2007), Social Security programs receive funding from payroll taxes (p. 74). Therefore, the economic status of the U.S. at one point in time, strongly determines the ability of the government to sustain the Social Security program. Economic recession may force policy makers to adjust the eligibility criteria for the Social Security benefits to cover fewer people in dire need of the benefit to reduce the burden on government’s budget.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second social program discussed in this paper is the Supplemental Security Income (SSI). The SSI covers disabled and elderly people who have inadequate earnings and assets. The Social Security Administration (SSA) funds the SSI it although distinctly from the Social Security program (Martin, 2007, p. 74). As opposed to Social Security program, the general funds of the United States Treasury support SSI and limit payments to the U.S. nationals and certain groups of eligible aliens.

The eligibility criteria for the SSI are wide. Individuals in the 50 states coupled with the District of Columbia, and some U.S. territories, except Puerto Rico can access the SSI program. Noteworthy, most states provide an addition to the federal benefit.

Policymakers base the eligibility criterion for the SSI on the economic status of individuals. Martin (2007) observes that, the SSI beneficiaries had same high poverty rates, which was above 40 percent (p. 91).

In addition, the education status for the SSI beneficiary was mainly high school diploma, characteristic of 45 percent of the beneficiaries. Like the Social Security, the SSI sustainability is reliant on the U.S. economy. Global economic trends determine the United States’ general funding such that, low revenues may force program benefactor to cut down on its beneficiaries.

The third welfare program is the Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) program. This program protects the work-age population against the negative financial repercussions of becoming disabled (Rupp, Davies,


Shelby Lee Adams “The True Meaning of Pictures” Essay (Critical Writing) essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

This paper analyzes the work of photographer Shelby Lee Adams, using the 2002 documentary The True Meaning of Pictures, directed by Jennifer Baichwal, as its principle source.

Shelby Lee Adams was born in Hazard, Kentucky in 1950 and grew up well known to many of the rural Appalachian families that populate his photographs. Familiar though he is with the living conditions of the poorest of the poor in Kentucky, Adams nonetheless did not live in that culture, but alongside it, as an observer from a middle class background (Baichwal 2002).

When considering the question, is Adams an insider or an outsider in his Appalachian project, one must answer outsider. Why? Simply because socio-economically Adams grew up with the awareness of that poverty, but was not directly affected by it, as the subjects of his photographs have been. In Shelby Lee Adams’ work we see the impact of poverty in the lack of access to adequate food, health care, clean water and education (Baichwal 2002).

Adams’ photos chronicle these affects, but he himself cannot speak to their impact from personal experience. In essence his work may give an indirect voice to the socio-economic conditions that the Appalachian residents face, but not from the authority of having lived through that poverty. Rather, Adams’ work exploits and judges his subjects from a classist point of view.

Adams employs visual effects such as portraying the subjects consistently in black and white, utilizing consciously artificial staging, and making use of dramatic lighting effects to create exoticism in his Appalachian subjects. In the words of Variety critic Dennis Harvey, Adams’ work contains “posed shots that are classically composed and feature intricate, often chiaroscurogothic lighting. [The] result makes these “hollar dwellers” look grotesque and pathetic, like backwoods Diane Arbus subjects” (Harvey 18).

The photos essentially turn the viewer into an ethnographer, but one who is neither sympathetic nor ethical, because the heightened exoticism of the photos intensifies the distance between the viewer and the subject, and the lurid lighting especially makes the subjects appear freakish, less than human, and in many cases inspire fear in the viewer.

Documentary photography can be distinguished from other forms of photography via its commitment to the real. Unlike art photography or fashion photography for example which can be outlandishly staged and lit moodily and eerily, the basis of documentary photography is real life. Natural light does not appear to play much of a role in Adams’ work.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Often it casts gloomy, heavy weight on the subjects, which may or may have not existed at the time of day when the photo was taken. Adams’ defense for playing with reality in this way sounds less like a documentarian and more like an artist: “By getting in there with the camera, by creating some distortions, I’m hoping to make everyone think…I’m experiencing this environment. I’m trying to share with you, in an intimate way, that experience” (Baichwal 2002).

According to critic Kathleen Cummins, “Adams makes a passionate case for the style and content of his work on the foundation that his photographs are his way of expressing himself artistically” (Cummins 37). However, Adams as the documentary photographer absolutely bears responsibility for the work beyond the making of it, for the simple fact that he is showing this work outside of its context.

The interpretation of the Appalachian subjects leaves their hands and enters Adams’ hands, and how they are perceived is at the mercy of Adams’ composition. Adams functions as editor in these photographs; he has selected certain moments to record and chosen not to shoot others, and with this action he takes charge of representing the people in his photographs, for better or for worse.

As Cummins explains, “Adams reveals more about his problematic role in “documenting” Appalachia [when] he tells of how his father, as a doctor, would visit the most isolated families.”Although my father had prejudiced views, I came to know those people.” Here is revealed the inner conflict in Adams, and within America in general. The distinction between “his people” and “those people” is not about regionalism or even his vocation as a photographer. It’s about class” (Cummins 38).

Baichwal’s film remains fully aware of this, even if Adams does not, and the filmmaker “subtly constructs associations and stark contrasts between what Adams says and what he does” (Cummins 38). Adams the photographer still views his subjects as beneath him; regardless of what he might say, the thinking behind his gaze is derogatory. That sense of judging the subjects as inferior reads loudly and clearly in every photograph.

One way this discrepancy in power between Adams and his subjects might equalize would be if Adams gave his subjects their own cameras, taught them how to use them, allowed them to take their own photos, and decided as a group which photos to include in a show, book or film. The simple fact that the Appalachian peoples found in Adams’ work have no agency – that the usage and application of their own images rest in Adams’ hands and not their own – makes these works exploitative.

Works Cited Baichwal, Jennifer, dir. The True Meaning of Pictures. Mercury Films, 2002. Film.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Shelby Lee Adams “The True Meaning of Pictures” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cummins, Kathleen. “The True Meaning of Pictures: Shelby Lee Adams’ Appalachia.” Take One March-May (2003): 37-40. Web.

Harvey, Dennis. “The True Meaning of Pictures: Shelby Lee Adams’ Appalachia.” Variety 390.2 (2003): 53. Web.


Audience Manufacture in Broadcasting Essay essay help online free

Article Summary This is a concise representation of revolution of media in terms of how audiences are captured, analyzed and sold to the advertisers; particularly understanding the capture of the media and how it has evolved with time to the present internet era.

Audience manufacture calls for concise determination of size and behavior of the audience and by the use of a set of measurement procedures shaped by industry dynamics and technological usage patterns, the audience is manufactured and sold to the advertisers. The need for advertisers to understand the quantity and quality of audience they were paying for led to the evolution of audience manufacture and analysis (Bermejo 2009).

Audience manufacture dates back to the radio era where different methods of advertisement approaches were carried out over the radio. However, the mode of determining or measuring the quantity, behavior and response of the audience receiving began with the invention of advertising rating systems most of which depended on the sampling concept. Such early methods included the famous Nielsen’s metered system.

The growing need for understanding of media audience led to rise of independent third party to carry out the research. With much struggle and improvements, national representative samples were achieved at around 1940 (Bermejo 1).

Initially, the concept of dividing a program into segments which were sold to different sponsors was preferred but this later changed to spot commercials. Different methods of measuring audience exposure time were invented with the most prominent being use of questionnaires, telephone and booklets with each having its advantages and disadvantages.

This was later followed by A.C. Nielsen of audiometers which did not last for a long time due to the increased need for detailed demographics and personal viewing patterns as well as the shift from household to individual unit of audience. Audiometers could not keep up with the diminishing size and increased portability of radio receptors.

People meters provided viewing data at the individual level and thus provided more precise information about the audience. Possible solutions such as satellite, cable and digital television as well as switching channels using remote controls brought yet another complexity in audience measuring techniques (Bermejo 1).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Evolution of the society brought about yet another advertisement platform with the internet technology. Internet technology provided better methods of audience analysis with techniques such as trace Log files, and use of tags both of which could provide the needed information about the interaction of the audience with the internet platform.

However, they could not give details of the number of viewers or their profile for a given page. Search for a standard source of measurement took the center stage. This brought about new methods of advertisement pricing depending on cost-per-action on the platform. Internet is global in nature and thus presents a problem of precise sampling such as home or work based users. Metered panel method when integrated with other methods seems to generate acceptable audience information.

The idea of site visit is a somewhat misleading since there are far too many considerations to be factored in. Google provided part of the solution by clearly separating advertising from search results and distinguishing between organic, algorithmic or editorial search results and sponsored links (Bermejo 1).

New searching methods developed with time and different types of advertising and pricing such as frequency, location and prominence dependent models, page relevance as well as pages pay-per-placement and system AdWords programs. This has brought yet another advertisement model based on the concept of quality scores whereby the price models are based on the performance of the relative sites (Bermejo 1).

Work Cited Bermejo, Fernando. New Media and Society. New York: Sage, 2009. Print.


Communication Theories and Their Usefulness Essay essay help free: essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Description of the communication event

Communication theories

Usefulness of the theories


Reference List

Introduction Nowadays, the role of interpersonal communication is huge indeed. People have to be aware of the main components of a successful communication and make use their knowledge on practice. De Janasz, Dowd, and Schneider (2009, p. 131) define communication as the possibility to convey and exchange personal ideas, some information, or knowledge by means of a properly chosen speech or signs.

It is an important process in human life, and it is obligatory to consider personal skills in listening or speaking to succeed in communication. In this paper, the communication between a young girl and a salesperson in the boutique will be analyzed using three different communication theories which are social exchange, politeness, and standpoint; each theory performs its own role and defines the way of how the communication should be developed.

Description of the communication event The communication under analysis takes place in the boutique where visitors are free to observe different clothes, try them on, and buy them in case customers are satisfied with the quality, style, and other issues. The main purpose of salespeople is to demonstrate their production and persuade customers to buy something. In this particular case, the communication begins as soon as the potential customer (a young girl) enters the boutique.

The young girl demonstrates her listening skills properly in order to meet her main purpose and learn more about the dresses she is interested in. It is the case of passive listening that is described by Bentley (1993, p. 17) as the process during which the listener does not have to respond but does focus on hearing the words.

The young girl, Ms. Smith (2011), admits that she wants to find a particular dress in this boutique as her friend recommended this place yesterday. Unfortunately, the chosen dress has been already sold, this is why the salesperson wants to offer another production for the customer, using the most confident attributes. The results of the conversation are rather successful: the salesperson offers quality product and sales it, and the customer is satisfied with the new purchase.

Communication theories To understand the dynamics of the observed event and define the main insights, it is possible to use three communication theories which are social exchange theory, politeness theory, and standpoint theory. Each theory is a unique possibility to comprehend the motives and purposes of the conversation. Each participant has his/her own purposes, and the skills used in the conversation help to achieve the best results.

Social exchange theory is based on the idea that the relations which developed during the communication should be based on the satisfaction of its participants’ self-interests. According to such theory, self-awareness is a crucial factor. De Janasz, Dowd, and Schneider (2009, p. 53) point out that self-awareness is all about the possibility to know personal motivation and interests in order to develop the required interaction. In the communication under analysis, the both participants demonstrate the level of their interests in a proper way.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Standpoint theory explains how the social hierarchy may determine the process of communication. Different people are free to view social situations from a variety of perspectives. In this case, the salesperson and the customer of the boutique have different standpoints and occupy different social stages as the salesperson aims at providing certain services, and the customer has to use or refuse them.

Finally, politeness theory aims at explaining why and how people want to promote themselves or their abilities. By means of this theory, the participants of the conversation should introduce their identities and remain to be polite with each other.

In the event at the boutique, understanding of this theory makes its participants rational and more goal-oriented taking into consideration the required respect. Tong Yu (2010) offers a wonderful idea to promote a successful development of any interpersonal communication: people have to be broad-minded in order to expect some outcomes and make conclusions to improve the situation.

Usefulness of the theories The usefulness of social exchange theory lies into the fact that both participants of the conversation should have a purpose to be satisfied at the end of the process. The satisfaction should not always be a bad or good thing only. It is a desire that promotes a person to develop a powerful and smart conversation setting reasonable goals.

The usefulness of politeness theory is all about the necessity to maintain a kind of sense of the necessary image. People should understand their roles in society and talk to each other on the necessary level. Finally, standpoint theory is useful in the event analysis due to the possibility to evaluate the social positions of the conversation’s participants.

Conclusion In fact, it is wrong to identify which theory is more or less useful to comprehend the essence of the chosen conversation. People are free to use different techniques, methods, and ideas to succeed in communication; this is why standpoint, social exchange, and politeness theories described in the paper will become a solid background for the analysis of the event that took place in the boutique.

Reference List Bentley, T 1993, ‘The special skills of listening’, Management Development Review, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 16-18.

We will write a custom Essay on Communication Theories and Their Usefulness specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More De Janasz, S, Dowd, K,


Orange case study college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Introduction The wireless telecommunications is fast growing, largely triggered by both how the enterprise segment has been integrated as well as positive convergence on the tastes and preferences of consumers. Similarly, the average revenue per user (ARPU) has continually declined with the emergence and general acceptance of conventional voice services. Indeed, several 3G operators are now adopting the new system as part and parcel of mastering market dynamics in mobile telephony.

It is also worth to note that the stiff competition has called for the need for mobile operators to usher new and more viable marketing strategies in order to have a dominant share of consumers. Hence, revenue growth remains top agenda even as advances made in Information Technology continue to pose serious business risks for operators who are less dynamic in their production and marketing skills (Ricketts, 2002).

Thus, commoditizing voice services is one of the competitive advantage most mobile telephony firms are seeking to achieve. This has been found to be especially popular in emerging and developed markets. Nonetheless, spurring growth in revenue demands that operators shift their attention from the commonly used 2G or even 2.5G networks and embrace the more competitive 3G broadband network (Robert, 2008, April).

They have found that this will be the only way through which input costs will be reduced to the minimum while at the same time providing customers with high speed internet connections for optimum efficiency. In nay case, most of these operators have come to the realization that this will be the only long term proven solution to efficiency and cost management.

3G technologies, unlike 2G, have vast abilities that mobile telephony operators are often after. The broadband network enables both operators and consumers to achieve certain goals within a very short time. For instance, their investments will be firmly protected since the 3G networks will ensure that there is a well established roadmap, not just for capital and revenue growth but also efficiency.

Additionally, the performance of 3G networks is deemed to be of high quality and it is the only platform through which cost efficiency can be realized owing to a wider ecosystem in infrastructure. Needless to say, there are myriad of applications and services that are rich in content when using 3G broadband. Thus, the need for ubiquitous coverage is adequately catered for.

The innumerable benefits of this new type of communication technology are being ripped by operators in both industrialized and growing countries. For example, over 400 3G operators were in operation before the close of 2008. This translates to slightly over half a billion 3G subscribers globally.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Both the High-Speed Packet Access and Evolution Data Optimized are used by those operators who have rolled into 3G broadband network. This paper explores Orange mobile telephony company, one of the outstanding 3G network providers in parts of Europe with other subsidiaries in Africa. Besides, the paper embarks on strategic analysis of the company with the aim of understanding both its internal and external business environment using such tools as SWOT analysis.

Besides, each of the technique used to analyze the company has been described. In the final part of the paper, some of the challenges facing the company and possible corrective measures that can be put in place have been critically evaluated. The paper concludes with wide spectrum of recommendations that the mobile telephony firm can adopt in order to remain competitive in the highly dynamic market.

Brief History of Orange The firm was the fourth entrant in UK mobile telephony market way back in 1994. It had the broad objective of attaining market leadership in the provision of wireless communications. Although the market was apparently saturated by other like-minded operators at that time, Orange was not deterred by this. As part of achieving its targeted economic growth, Orange announced its first Initial Public Offering (IPO) in 1996 with the aim of raising additional capital infrastructure.

Both the Nasqad and London markets listed its shares in spite of the fact it was the most infant firm entering FTSE-100 at that point in time. Three years later, Orange permitted its brand to be licensed in other countries of interest such as Switzerland and Australia among others. hence, it paved way for other operators in the foreign countries to have access to its trading portfolio.

During the same time period (1999), Orange PLC was acquired by Mannesmann AG. The company considered this to be an important step in its expansion strategies. So far, Orange has expanded its network and geographical location with more expansions overseas. Some of the countries where Orange has stamped its presence include Hong Kong, South America and Belgium, just to mention a few.

Although the company has been marred with myriad changes in ownership, it has not relented in providing its customers with the best services. This was evident in May 2001 when it was ranked position 1, four years in a row, by J.D Power and Associates UK, a renowned marketing research company in the region.

Strategic issues Mobile telephony has continually increased in importance in the last few years, forming an integral part of day-to-day activities. Contrary to the earlier perception on the use of mobile telephone, the services provided by this industry has gone beyond mere marketing targeting the business world; it is more of a compelling consumer product than a luxury pursued by few people.

We will write a custom Essay on Orange case study specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In UK alone, close to 85 percent of the entire population has either access to mobile phone or owns one. Hence, it has become a mass consumer product. Consequently, operators are now fighting for the available marketing opportunities. An array of strategies are being used; raging from trimming down both data and voice costs, innovating new services to expanding consumer base.

This bandwagon for market superiority does not live Orange out. The profitability of such operators as Orange will hence rely heavily on how competitive they are. By fact, providing better and more innovative services is a must for Orange.

Peripheral Challenges Similar to other mobile operators, Orange also faces myriad of challenges. One such growing challenge is the government regulation that goes towards changing trading policies from time to time. it is sometimes quite impossible to precisely predict any future changes in formal regulations even when the company has heavily invested on infrastructure.

Moreover, the various tariff options available to consumers whether on data or calling services lacks sufficient publicity. For instance, the advent of 3G technologies brought along stiff competition among 3G operators. While consumers have various tastes and preferences, lack of publicity on these options is still eminent. In order to take full advantage of price wars by operators, consumer sought to be knowledgeable enough.

Furthermore, the off-net calls are still relatively high compared to calls within the same network. Besides, the international roaming calls are equally restrictive due to the higher rates. Worse still, number portability is still a pipe dream to the majority of the population. Subscribers seem to have not derived the full benefits of using this service.

This has been aggravated by the tendency of most operators locking handsets so that only simcards from one particular operator can be used. Nonetheless, overcoming these, among other challenges, will imply that Orange telecom will become consistently competitive bearing in mind that rolling out a 3G network by a mobile operator demands huge capital investments in spite of the fact the returns are not always guaranteed.

Change management and Leadership at Orange Adoption and implementation of cultural change within an organisation is an important practice that cannot be ignored at all costs. Hence, it is fundamental for Orange Company to embrace and act appropriately to any form of change that may come its way in the course of operation. In order to carry out cultural change, it is fundamental for Orange to appreciate the fact that transforming its norms might be a necessary ingredient.

In addition, improving performance will equally demand more radical changes to be put in place. The success of Orange Company will largely be determined by how it manages change variable. For example, both the formal and informal working groups ought to be fully integrated when executing change (Kakabadse, Bank


Ethical Dilemmas in Animal Testing Term Paper argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Animal Testing

Animal Rights

Respect for Life

Use of Animals by Man

Research Standards

Subjecting Animals to Pain

Genetically Modified Products




Introduction Using animals for testing, research, and developing new products has brought about tremendous scientific and medical advancements. Animal research continues to help man in his understanding of the nature of diseases thereby aiding in the developing of new vaccines and cures.

People living in the world today enjoy better quality life thanks to the medical breakthroughs facilitated by animal research. Using animals in research and development of products has however, generated heated debate. Those who oppose the use of animals in research are many; they include groups of animal rights activists and anti-vivisectionists. These groups strongly believe that using animals to carry out experiments is not necessary at all; it is simply subjecting animals to cruelty. They therefore call for the abolition of such practices.

However, if such a move succeeds, then it will be a big blow to scientific researches. Scientists, on the other hand, agree that animals should not be subjected to unnecessary harm, but say that it is usually unavoidable. They therefore are of the opinion that animal research should only be used with strict ethical principles. That is why; in this paper we will explore the ethical dilemmas that businesses that use animals in testing, research and development of products encounter.

Animal Testing Animal testing is a practice that has generated debate with some people supporting it and others opposing it. It is usually complex and time consuming to develop medical products. There are some diseases whose drugs involve difficulty researches to get such as in the case of HIV/AIDS.

Ideal, when carrying out these tests, scientists are supposed to test many compounds on humans to ascertain if the compounds can cure treat or vaccinate. But, practically, this will need a lot of time, and it is also very dangerous because it involves too much guess work and therefore can cause harmful side effects or even death. This is why many researchers opt to use animals in place of humans when carrying out these tests. The drugs can then only be used on humans once they are proved to be safe (Animal, 2011).

This does not mean that animal testing has no difficulties. There are many difficulties that come in form of ethical consequences when animals are used to carry out product testing. This has seen many people rise up in opposition of any experiment carried out on animals that has the potential of causing them harm.

This posses the question, is it obligatory to use animals in the development of medical products? As already hinted, animals tests are used to ascertain that drugs and other medical products are safe. Tests on animals are also used to establish the effectiveness of pharmaceutical products in humans. Animal testing is also done to understand the general biological functioning of the animal used in response to the drug or disease in question (Animal, 2011).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is a requirement in many countries that all drugs and vaccines be tested for safety using animals before they are released for use by man. For instance:

The 1968 Medicines Act of UK provides that all new pharmaceutical products must be tested on at least two different species of live mammal, one of which must be a large non-rodent. This legislation was introduced shortly after the discovery that the drug (Animal Testing, 2011).

This was prompted by the implications that a certain drug had severe effects on babies of mothers who took it while pregnant. The drug, Thalidomide, had not been thoroughly tested on animals. It is believed that this was the genesis of the many laws that require products to be used by humans to be tested first. Opponents of the use of animals in testing argue that this goes against the rights of animal (Animal, 2011).

Animal Rights Many countries are also concerned about the rights of animals and have therefore come up with legislations that aim at protecting animals. For instance, the United Arab Emirates has a federal law that governs the abuse and negligence of animals.

It stipulates, among other provisions, that any form of mistreatment to animals such as through scientific experiments, is subject to punishment by the law. Under this legislation, any one found guilty of going against the rights of animals can be imprisoned for at most one year or pay a fine of 20,000 dollars. This means that both humans and animals have rights that need to be respected, and that is what brings about the many dilemmas that are experienced in this field (Animal, 2011).

Scientists and researchers are forced by circumstances to test their findings using experiments that involve living matter, either humans or animals. However, in doing this, they are confronted with ethical dilemmas.

For instance, can they undertake physiological experiments with the looming possibility of causing harm to the animals? Or should they abandon these experiments and forfeit the gains that have been achieved in the earlier experiments? In the physiological business, physiologists study life so that they can understand the processes that sustain life. Understanding these helps them in coming up with products that can prevent or cure any anomalies in the functioning of the bodies of living organism.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Ethical Dilemmas in Animal Testing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More All these events are studied through scientific means, which normally start with theories that lead to hypotheses, testing of the hypotheses then follows where by the results are then analyzed to ascertain their effectiveness. People then look at the theories and criticize or support them. This is a common practice in the field of scientific research. However, in the development of products such as drugs, one has to understand the life processes; this involves carrying out experimental tests on living matter (Festing


Employer Spying On Employees Term Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Ethical implications in employee drug testing

Ethical implications in restricting internet use at work place

Restriction on use emails by the employees- ethical implications

Monitoring the movements of employees through vehicles used


Introduction The kind of relationship that exists between the employers and the employees of a given organization influences the achievements of the company objectives. A kind of good will that is developed is essential in ensuring that the employees perform their best in the delivery of their services to the organization.

Acquiring and retaining potential employees by a given organization is one of the managerial challenges that face most organizations. The process of recruitment and selection of the employees is often expensive and time consuming and needs to be carried out as less frequently as possible.

Getting the new employees to get to the standards of an employee that has left an organization might take some time during which the overall output of the organizations may be lowered. In attempting to develop good relationships with the employees, the employers need to put in certain incentives. The employees should be provided with equal opportunities in all aspects in the organization (Anon, 2011, para.2).

There should be no form of biasness during recruitment or in the promotion of employees as a means of appraisal. The employees should be considered as part of the organization. The employers need to have time and share with the employees the challenges facing the organization and the possible solution procedures that can be adopted. The employers should also develop a spirit of teamwork among the employees.

In order to develop the good relationship, a kind of good organizational culture needs to be put in place. This should be developed based on the ethical principles that outline the correct code of conduct to be practiced by every stakeholder in the organization. This ethics shall govern the relationships among the employees and that between the employees and the employers.

The rights of an employee as an individual should not be violated at the workplace. Poor working conditions, unnecessary restriction of movement, different kinds of discrimination, and harassment at work are some of the unethical behaviors by the employers that lower the performance of their employees.

Ethical implications in employee drug testing The field of ethics is one that has continued to have divided views over various issues. Ethical dilemmas are common scenarios that face very many decision makers like the employer in an organization, which need to be addressed. There have been theories postulated by various philosophers and other scholars on the means of establishing an ethical code of conduct.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What appears to be ethical for one party may be the exact opposite for the other party (Vij, 2011, para.1). Similar arguments and counterarguments are witnessed in the business environment. What an employer might consider ethical may turn out to be a transgression to the employees.

However, there are organizations that have developed cultures that are perceived to be ethical by many employees and job applicants. The ethical organizations will receive greater reputation from the community than the unethical organizations. They would attract more job applicants (Collins, 2009, p.7). The ethical concern has primarily been raised in the issue of drug testing on the employees by the management of an organization.

Employers and their employees are usually divided over this issue of drug testing with the employers stressing on its need as a way of improving the productivity of the organization while the employees considering it as an intrusion or some source of discrimination (Vij, 2011, para.1). The use of drug testing as a mechanism for controlling the behavior of the employees remains to be controversial (Lewis et al, 2006, p.424).

Workplace drug testing refers to drawing of samples of body fluids or tissues of the employees of given organization or the applicants of a given vacant position to be tested for the presence of some drug contents in their body (Shahandeh


Advanced Forensic Psychology Term Paper argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Background Information

Movies and Television Shows

Roles of a Forensic Psychologist

James Patterson’s Work

Silence of the Lambs



Introduction Forensic psychology is one of the areas in the medical field that has experienced tremendous growth over the years. One factor that is said to have contributed immensely to this growth is the sensationalized portrayal of this field in movies and television shows. For some reason, quite a good number of shows in television and movies have their theme line revolving around this field.

This paper seeks to compare the portrayal of the forensic psychology professionals in movies and shows on television with the actual practice and see whether the representations made of these professionals in movies and television shows is accurate. The paper will also focus on some of the shows and movies in which the field of forensic psychology has been used as the theme line.

Background Information Forensic psychology refers to an overlap or a link between psychology and the system that oversees criminal justice. Professionals in this field therefore work to make out or understand the various laws governing a particular state or jurisdiction so that they have a smooth interaction with professionals working in the legal field like judges or lawyers.

One very crucial aspect of professionals in this field include being able to give testimony in a court of law and putting matters related to psychology in a legal perspective for sound understanding by the court. For any professional in the forensic psychology field to be considered a credible witness in court, it is essential that they have proper understanding of the judicial system of a given country in which a particular case is being tried.

Usually, a forensic psychologist undergoes training in any of the branches of psychology. (Gregerson, 2009). A forensic psychologist may be required to appear in court and give evidence as an expert witness. The qualification of a psychologist in the forensic field to qualify as an expert witness is dependent on the reputation as well as the experience that a psychologist has in this field.

Movies and Television Shows It is rather disturbing to observe how much violence is being depicted in most of the shows that are being aired on television and movies. You can almost bet that the next program that is about to premier in your favourite television channel or that movie that you have been wishing so much to watch has got a whole scene of violence if not more.

For this reason, there has been a lot of inclusion of forensic psychologists in these shows and movies who play roles that are not always a true depiction of what a forensic psychologist is supposed to do in the actual field.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Roles of a Forensic Psychologist To gain a clear understanding of the roles played by a forensic psychologist, it is important to understand the key words which in this case are forensics and psychology (Costanzo


Nursing Theology Essay a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Nature of personhood

Health and illness






Introduction Duties of the nursing profession are inseparable from faith. In fact, according to Christian worldview, nursing professionals should base their roles on faith and care. While non-Christians view nurses as people charged with the responsibility to care and love the suffering, patients in this case, Christians perceive nurses as God’s delegation to humanity.

To non-Christians, the moral and social principles should guide the nursing professionals whereas to Christians the feeling of love should motivate the nurses. Despite these differences, it is unanimous that nurses play a very important role in human life. Through caring for the ill in the society, nurses uphold human health.

Since health extends beyond the physical realm, it implies that nurses, according to Christians, also provide spiritual care to the humanity. Through care, nurses become part of God’s mystery of suffering. Suffering is a subject, which theologians have strived to comprehend since the times of Moses but in vain. Nurses also care for the dying and the dead, with hopes of positive response from God. Death is another component of human thriving which scholars have been unable to unveil its truth.

Is nursing really like any other profession within the society? I believe it is not. In fact, nursing is a component of faith. My personal philosophy in this paper is that ‘nursing is a God’s revelation to humanity’. Based on my personal research and life experience, I will demonstrate how nursing fulfills God’s revelation to humanity through Christian worldview on nature of personhood, health and illness, suffering, death and caring.

Nature of personhood Fear of death and illness characterizes human nature. Although Christians view death as God’s plan to human life, personal experience reveals that people fear death. In fact, many view it as the interruption to their lives. Human beings by nature believe that they are liable for care and protection from nurses.

They believe that nurses should protect them from all the sufferings in their lives. As a result, most patients solely depend on nurses for the survival. Patient’s fear of death brings worry and uncertainties to their lives. In this aspect, God’s revelation is two-fold.

First, although nurses are human beings characterized by the nature of personhood described above, they strive to end fear within their patients. The bible teaches that “people should not fear anything but God” (Attridge, 2006, p. 123). Nurses manifest this teaching to the patients by giving them hope even at times of death. According to Christian’s worldview, nurses should provide love, hope and care to the patients even at their last breaths.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More God’s mission since the time of Moses to the advent of salvation through Jesus Christ has been to provide care, love and hope to humanity. Through Moses, the Israelites felt God’s love and care. Through Jesus Christ, God manifested His unconditional love through salvation for all. Therefore, nursing professionals manifests God’s love, care and hope to humanity, as it was the case for Moses, Jesus and the prophets.

Secondly, by working selflessly to end fear and bring hope to the patients, nurses reveal the will of God to the humanity. As the bible teaches in 1Peter 3:14, God does not want fear among His people. In order to ensure the fear does not prevail in human nature, nurses provide care based on love and faith to the patients (Shelly and Miller, 1999, p.139).

In this case, nurses act as direct God’s delegation for the teaching of eternity and life after death. In biblical context, people should not fear; be it illness or death since there is eternal joy after this life. This ensures that patients are no longer worried for their lives after death. Such hope would not be possible without the nurses. They indeed represent what God wants from humanity in order to achieve eternity. Therefore, nursing is a revelation for God’s will to humanity.

Health and illness In my research, I justified health as the spiritual well-being of a community and illness as the visible outcome of poor spirituality. As per the worldview, health is the physical, social, moral and spiritual well-being of an individual whereas illness is the state caused by the imbalance of these factors. In Biblical context, disharmony between God and the humankind is what results into illness.

According to Christian worldview, human infringement of God’s will culminates into physical, moral and social instability of an individual or illness. Based on personal experience, I concluded that the scholarly and professional definitions of health and illness are just symptoms of the spirituality. Whichever view, nursing plays an important role in health of the society. Through this way, nursing manifests God in several ways including healing, love and caring.

Nursing reveals God as the healer of humanity. As Jeremiah (30:17) notes, God “will restore you to health and heal your wounds” (New International Version). In this passage, Jeremiah describes God as the healer- the healer of wounds. Wounds in this context refer to the weakness of the human spirituality. As per the worldview, however, wounds represent the physical illness of an individual or a society.

Regardless of the view, it is unanimous that wounds destabilize human health and as Jeremiah states, God restores this health. How does God today restore the health yet He is unseen? Throughout the Christian history, God fulfilled His roles through common people. For instance, to save the Israelites from slavery God used Moses, an Egyptian slave.

We will write a custom Essay on Nursing Theology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, Taber is justifies when he says, “God uses people through their professions to accomplish His mission on earth” (1998, p. 35). Nursing is a means to healing and through the professionals; God accomplishes His mission of healing. Through this way therefore, nurses manifests God’s power of healing.

Nurses manifest God’s universal love to humanity. According to Christianity, nurses should provide love to the ill. Love is a spiritual component that guides the humanity in comprehension for the need of ill free life. It is justifiable that love motivates nurses (Colson


Terrorism, Its Groups and Categories Term Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Categories of terrorist organizations

Differences in the two categories of terrorist organizations


Reference List

Introduction Terrorism attacks have become very common in today’s world especially with the increasing conflicts of power and the increase in financial difficulties in the globe. Many terrorist groups have been formed whose main agenda is cause violence in order to achieve certain political or religious goals. Loss of lives and destruction of property have been the major effects of the attacks especially with the increasing technology where advanced ways of attacking have been developed especially the use of biological and chemical weapons.

Most of the terrorist attacks happening nowadays are even being supported by the military forces of the countries involved which make the attacks even more coercive since the military that should protect the people is itself involved in the same attacks. The terrorists have the believe that their actions can always be justified by law. This makes them as confident as they plan the attacks very well so that they know exactly where and how to attack (Anderson, 2002, p. 1).

Categories of terrorist organizations Terrorist organizations are the groups that work together in planning and executing terrorist attacks. There are two basic categories of terrorist organizations namely domestic and international also referred to as foreign terrorist organizations.

Domestic terrorism, as the name suggests, involves terrorist activities either by an individual or a group directing the acts of violence to own people especially the government. On the other hand, international terrorism which consists of international terrorist organizations, involves terrorism activities where an individual or a group of people are directed by other countries to carry out violence attacks to other countries beyond their boundaries.

Domestic terrorist organizations are, therefore, based on their local areas. For instance, a terrorist organization that attacks only its own government or local society, but not other countries, is a domestic terrorist organization. Domestic terrorism often occurs in African nations opposed to international terrorism whose focus lies mostly with the Americans.

Due to this fact, the U.S maintains a different understanding and definition of terrorism that is different from that of African nations. International terrorism can be said to cause deaths for many people or result to serious injuries as well as damage of property. On the other hand, domestic terrorism is less violent and results to lower rates of killings and loss of property as terrorist groups, who are mostly civilians, only coerce the government to take a certain action.

Although both types of terrorism are aimed at a certain goals, they both differ in that international terrorists targets the worlds powerful countries as they seek public opinion from the globe. Domestic terrorism is, however, targeted to the local settings within a county’s boundary.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While domestic terrorism, mostly in Africa, is motivated by poverty among state members and the desire to develop their countries economically, international terrorism is not directly linked to these factors evidenced by many terrorist groups coming from well off backgrounds.

Another major difference comes in with the technology used in both types of terrorism where international terrorism involves the use of sophisticated technology to carry out the attacks such as missiles while most domestic terrorism involves use of human efforts to create havoc in a state. Terrorism activities are carried out by terrorist groups which are defined as any movement that uses violence as a weapon to achieve its goals political, ideological or religious (Shinn, 2005, p. 1).

Differences in the two categories of terrorist organizations Despite the fact that all terrorist organizations always have almost similar motives they differ in certain perspectives although they all have the universal objectives of antisocial motives.

Since their activities involve hostility, they have to plan and organize on how to handle security in the areas they are planning to attack. Domestic terrorist groups are not, usually, supported by the government since in most cases; they attack the government in order to attain certain goals. They therefore have strategies that they use to get people or certain social groups to support and sympathize with them.

This support team include both active and inactive members who do not participate directly in the attacking activities but rather offer support in other ways such as financial, security, just to mention a few. The active members, on the other hand, include the active energetic people who participate in the real activities of attacking including fighting and riots. Such support teams may be volunteers if at all they support the pursuit of the goal in question or in other cases, they may be forced into participating by the terrorist members.

International terrorist organizations, on the other hand, are more likely to e supported by their governments since most of them attack, not their home country, but other nations due to disputes on control over land, power or even religious conflicts. These groups are therefore supported financially, in terms of recruitments, weapons as well as means of communication.

When it comes to recruitment and training, the two terrorist groups also differ in that the domestic terrorist organizations usually recruit college and high school leavers but only who are up for the task. In addition, the process has to be sensitive to security since its home based and the groups’ intentions should not be identified because most of the terrorist attacks happen when they are least expected.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Terrorism, Its Groups and Categories specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, recruitment and training activities should e done so confidentially without involving the public. International terrorist groups, on the other hand, recruit members who are known to be linked to terrorist groups or even people whose family members have been earlier involved in the terrorist attacks. Basically, recruits in international terrorist groups involve people whose backgrounds are known with those who have family ties to the organization getting priority over others (Mfields 2004, p. 1).

The training process basically involves giving instruction on the use of weapons used in the attacks. Domestic terrorist organizations are basic involved in less violent actions such as seizure of occupation in a certain building, hijacking and traditional bombings and assassinations. On the other hand, international terrorist organizations use more violent actions. Most of them include the deadly nuclear weapons, the use of biological and other chemical materials.

These advanced technological weapons are far more destructive than the traditional methods because they are targeted to cause mass destruction. Many of the international terrorists are now using chemicals that are meant to cause deadly diseases such as anthrax. Others use the technology to spread certain spores which cause skin infection which is not treated as soon as possible, results to death.

Due to the differences in availability of support especially from the government, other facilities such as training, advanced weapons and financial factors, the two groups of terrorist organizations have differed greatly in their success of their terrorist attacks.

The domestic groups have not been successful over the years due to lack of advanced technological knowhow of weapons as well as training services. In addition, domestic terrorists are not large enough to counter the security of a country where they are planning to attack because the governments are always stronger than such groups are.

International terrorists have, however, been successful many of their attacks with the use of advanced weapons, the support they get from the government and the use of experienced individuals as members of the group. The government support offers them the opportunity to plan and organize every step of the activities such as communication in case more recruits are required or additional weapons as well giving them financial support which is very crucial in the success of such international attacks (Samuraitom 2007, p. 1).

Conclusion Terrorism has become very common in today’s political and religious arena. There has been both domestic and international terrorism where domestic terrorism involves local attacks that are less violent while the international attacks are more brutal and targets countries beyond borders. Despite the fact terrorists believe that they have the right to attain certain goals, attacking other people causing destruction is not the only way they can do so.

For instance, peaceful demonstrations could be held by a group of people to air their views which does not involve property destruction or loss of lives. Terrorist organizations should therefore be restricted to prevent the harm they cause during attacks. Especially governments that support these groups in attacking other nations should stop this vice and find better ways of solving problems such as negotiating between conflicting nations. All efforts should therefore be done to restrict the movement of such terrorist organizations.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Terrorism, Its Groups and Categories by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference List Anderson, W. (2002). Terrorism and the Drug War: More Unforeseen Consequences. Web.

Mfields. (2004). Terrorism. Web.

Samuraitom. (2007). Domestic terrorism essay. Web.

Shinn, D.H. (2005). Panel on Terrorism and Transnational Threats – Causes and Enablers. Web.


Marx’s Capitalism Essay college application essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Bourgeoisie and proletarians

Marx’s Moral Values

Thematic Concerns of Marx Anti-capitalist Critique

Analysis of Marx’s Anti-capitalist Thought


List of References

Introduction Karl Marx (1818-1883) is a revolutionary communist who helped to motivate the establishment of several communist regimes in 20th century. Initially, he was studying to become a philosopher although he later shifted his interest to economics as well as politics although his social and moral work has philosophical aspects.

Marx is an obvious anti-capitalist critique as manifested in his work (Marx ‘Capital’ 2007). In earlier historical periods, the society was sectioned it a number of orders which comprised social ranks. The capitalist system is one such societal arrangement in which the bourgeoisie comprised the higher rank and drafted oppressive orders. Thus, the society was segregated into conflicting and opposing camps, the proletarians


Water Pollution college essay help: college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

A case study



Works Cited

Introduction Undeveloped nations are faced with the challenge of accessing clean drinking water. Lack of understanding in the importance of practicing hygienic standards of living is a major setback to the efforts of preventing diseases that are spread through contaminated water.

In most cases, you will find that many people in these countries use water from rivers, springs, or street vendors for their domestic use. This water may contain harmful substances such as waste materials dumped in water sources, which can easily cause diseases (Hogan 1). Cholera, intestinal parasites, and typhoid are some of the major waterborne diseases. They are infectious and their impact is fatal both economically and on human health.

A case study In 1996, the state of Kano in northern Nigeria was hit by an epidemic of acute diarrhea, which was later confirmed to be an outbreak of cholera (Hutin, Luby and Paquet 1). The Nigerian ministry of health and some non-governmental organizations stepped in to ensure that curative and preventive measures were undertaken. A case study on the patients showed that the highest number of infection was in children less than 5 years.

According to this study, the main exposures were failure to wash hands with soap before meals and drinking water from street vendors (Luby, Agboatwalla, Raza, Sobel, Mint, Baier, Hoekstra, Rahbar, Hassan, Qureshi,


Adapting the Dominican Culture in the Radiology Department Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Radiology is an important field in medicine as it helps to discover illnesses early enough because the equipments that are used can see beyond what the human eyes can see. In Dominican Republic the population is made up of people from two ethnic backgrounds, that is, African and European origins.

The people are organized according to their social classes. Since this is a multicultural environment, a radiographer would have to use radical approaches to get used to the cultures of Dominicans because whether one likes or not these cultures are there in the workplace. The following paragraphs provide insights about the culture of Dominicans and how a radiographer can blend with the people of Dominican Republic.

A radiographer interacts with people from all walks of life and therefore if he/she works in Dominican Republic he/she should get acquainted to the culture of Dominicans. Harberle (2003) explains that interactions should be easy because Dominicans are very social people as well as out going and thus the radiographer should capitalize on their traits to learn more about them.

It is necessary for a radiographer to learn about Dominicans because he/she will be able to understand them. One of best approaches in learning about the cultures of a society is to learn their language. Spanish is the official language in Dominican Republic although it is coupled by other native languages.

The radiographer should make good use of his/her patients by using them to learn Spanish. This can be done through individual visits to the patients in their wards. But before learning Spanish, the radiographer should seek to establish friendship with his/her clients because it would be easier for them to get into conversations. A warm and firm handshake is all that is required to instill among the Dominicans.

After learning the Spanish language the radiographer can then proceed to learn about the history of the Dominicans. The old people are the most knowledgeable people in Dominican society because they have gone through many experiences.

The radiographer should make enquiries from any old patient who is familiar to him/her, but as the radiographer makes the enquiries he/she should also be ready to answer many questions about his/her own life because Dominicans are very inquisitive people. It therefore goes without saying that the radiographer should set limits of what to say and what not to say (Howard, 2001).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In communication, both verbal and non-verbal communication is applied in Dominican Republic. The radiographer should learn how to do it with perfection so that he/she does not feel like he/she is out of place during conversations, especially in social gatherings. Dominicans point with their lips as opposed to other societies where people point with their fingers.

Similarly, when the radiographer wants to stop a cab he/she should learn the gesture that is used to attract the attention of cab drivers. Pichardo (2007) explains that in Dominican Republic you stop the cab by using your fingers to let him know how many people require his services.

For instance, if the radiographer is with three people he/she should wave four fingers in the air to send signal to the cab driver that four people are waiting for taxi. In addition, Greetings are almost compulsory in Dominican Republic, and thus the radiographer should learn to great his/her patients in Spanish before giving them a hearing. In Spanish the phrase for greetings is Buenos Dias, meaning “good day”.

Moreover, the radiographer should maintain cleanliness because Dominicans are very conscious about fashion. But this can be determined by the location of the clinic; if it is based in the urban center he/she can indulge in New York fashion but above all, smartness is the most crucial element.

Likewise, Dominican culture does not allow women to ride on a bike while facing the front because opening their legs wide is associated with immorality. Clothes that reveal a lot of skin are prohibited in government buildings and the church (Pichardo, 2007). This means that the radiographer should consider where he/she is going before choosing the clothes he/she intends to put on.

Therefore, Dominican Republic is a good country to live in because it is one of the cheapest countries in the world. However, most public health facilities are poorly equipped and the demand for healthcare services is high in this country. By understanding the culture of Dominicans the radiographer will enjoy his/her stay in this country.

References Haberle, E.S. (2003). Dominican Republic. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Adapting the Dominican Culture in the Radiology Department specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Howard, D. (2001). Coloring the Nation: Race and Ethnicity in the Dominican Republic. Oxford: Signal Books.

Pichardo, J.C. (2007). Dominican Cultures: The Making of a Caribbean Society. Princeton: N.J: Markus Wiener Publishers


Problem Identification and Formulation Styles in Walmarts Organization Essay argumentative essay help

In the current work environment, it is of essence for leaders of organizations to apply various problem identification and formulation styles as they assist in quick and efficient solving of problems in organizations. At Walmarts organization, the management practices four different decision making styles.

First, is collective participative decision making style in which the manager collects all the relevant information needed and other viewpoints from the members of the company; however, he or she maintains the control of the decision to be made and is responsible for the final course of action taken (Verma, 2009). The advantage of this decision making style is that there is a sense of involvement which can cushion against potential negative impacts and this strategy also enables the manager to be well informed before making a decision.

Further, the most favorable aspect of the collective participative decision style is that it can be used to identity and solve the new reality that is currently facing Walmarts organization: its clients need more than just the lowest price. Thus, the strategy can be used to improve the organization’s services to its clients. Nonetheless, a major weakness of this decision making style is that it can be slow and time intensive process, especially when the organization is large.

Second, is the autocratic decision making style in which the manager is held accountable for the final course taken and his or her own inclinations and knowledge are used to make the final decision (Lussier, 2008). In this case, the manager does not seek for viewpoints from the members of the organization since the responsibility is wholly endowed upon him or her. A major strength of this style is that it is important in emergencies since it is a quick way of reaching at conclusions.

On the other hand, its major weakness is that the members are not incorporated and they can be offended by the choice made if they are negatively impacted; consequently, this can make the manager to lose support and credibility. A problem that can be identified and described using this style is a situation in which a manager at Walmart decides to give back a client his money after complaining bitterly about a product he bought at the store.

Third, is the democratic decision making style in which the manager transfers the responsibility of making a decision to the group and votes are cast to determine the course of action to be taken judging from the choice with the highest votes. The main advantage of this style is that the decision is made fast and all the members are included in the process.

However, there may be no responsibility taken for the course of action preferred since the manager is not accountable and the members can claim that they did not support the choice made. Nonetheless, this style can be useful in describing a decision taken to introduce Walmart’s new advertising motto, “Save Money Live Better,” to replace the previous motto.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lastly, consensus decision making style incorporates the participation of every member of the organization and the manager is no longer responsible for the course of action taken and its impacts since he or she transfers control to the members of the group.

In favor of this style is that it allows for group dedication, team spirit, and varied ideas to be shared that increases the chances of a good decision to be made. A major inhibitory factor here is that the vast amount of information collected and input involved may make the process to be tiresome and time consuming. A problem that can be addressed favorably by this style is a situation in which some employees at Walmart are to be moved to one of its new stores in a low-income area.

Reference List Lussier, R. N. (2008). Management fundamentals: concepts, applications, skill development. Mason, OH : South-Western/Cengage Learning.

Verma, D. (2009). Decision-making style: social and creative dimension. New Delhi: Global India Publications.


Professional Development and Contemporary Issues Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Impact of Globalization

Key Influences driving Globalization in the Hotel Industry

Barriers of Operating Across Borders



Introduction The purpose of conducting this study will be to examine the impact of globalization with particular focus on the international hotel industry. Globalization is defined as the process of integrating the economies, financial markets, cultures and societies of various countries through the use of global communication and trade networks that exist around the world.

Globalization is also defined as the integration of local, regional or national economies into the international economy used by the rest of the world to conduct activities such as foreign investment, trade and money transfers (Sharma and Morrissey 2007).

The driving forces of globalization around the world include technological factors where the introduction of new technological innovations within the international market drives globalization, economic factors where the economic growth of various countries around the world affects the rate of globalization and also political, socio-cultural factors where government and societal systems determine how the process of globalization will occur within various industries. In recent times however, the term has also come to include various factors such as language or communication barriers and the circulation of national ideas, (Bhagwati 2004).

In general, globalization affects the world in various ways one of which is the industrialization of countries where the introduction of global markets that are able to foster worldwide production have been able to ensure that consumers are able to access various products and services within the international market. The emergence of international trade across borders has also been a strong indicator of globalization as well as the emergence of global financial markets.

Financial markets have contributed significantly to consumers being able to access borrowing facilities across international borders without necessarily having to revert to the home market. Another aspect that signifies the impact of globalization is the economic market where a common market that allows traders and sellers to buy or sell goods has enhances the interconnectedness of trade thereby increasing growth of international trade around the world (Pan and Donato 2007).

The job market is also a strong indicator of globalization in the world as increased levels of competition within the labour market signify the strength of both national and international economies. Increased levels of competition ensure that workers are able to gain competitive salaries and wages which are now less dependent on the success or failure of national economies in the world.

Other aspects that are used to provide an indication of globalization around the world include the political context where government policies are developed to foster globalization activities as well as competition amongst countries when it comes to the production of goods and services. Ecological factors are also important indicators of globalization especially when they are used to explain the global environmental challenges that are taking place around the world as a result of global warming (Croucher 2004).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Impact of Globalization In the past few years, the international hotel and hospitality industry has been impacted by globalization and the various effects of globalization that exist in the various faucets of international industries around the world.

Some of these effects have been notable from the fields of technology where the revolution of information technology and the introduction of various innovations have contributed in a significant way to globalization while the growth of economic integration has played a major role in the integration of suppliers within the international trade networks.

The intensified competition especially within the hospitality industry has also contributed to the effects of globalization where the emergence of newer and innovative hotels creates a complex business landscape that is mostly influenced by the goings on of the global market. According to Brotherton (2003), many hotel managers are faced with the challenge of maintaining a competitive advantage against their rivals within the same industry to ensure for their profitability and survival.

The impact of globalization in the international hotel industry has been both positive and negative where hospitality managers have been forced to invest in knowledge economies to balance their exploration and exploitation activities.

The positive side of globalization is that hotel managers are forced to engage alternative modes of coordinating their production and transaction activities for the benefit of their employees and clients while at the same time ensuring that they make strategic decisions which will be beneficial for the survival of the company in the dynamic hospitality market (Gross 2008).

The negative side of globalization is that managers and marketers working within the hospitality industry have to keep on changing their tactics to ensure their products and services remain relevant to the changing consumer markets. In the event re-branding or re-stratification efforts fail, the hotel might lose its identity and image amongst its clients and also loss its position in the industry as a provider of various hospitality services and products (Brotherton 2003).

One of the impacts or effects of globalization on the hospitality includes the aspect of asset evolution where hotels and companies operating within the international hospitality industry are able to liquidate their assets so that they can be able to meet the expectations of their shareholders and investors.

We will write a custom Essay on Professional Development and Contemporary Issues specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Asset evolution impacts on the hospitality industry where hotels and companies are forced to maintain a bottom line-growth thereby sustaining the level of competition that exists within the industry. As mentioned earlier, the technological environment has played a major role in globalization and it therefore affects the activities and functions of the hospitality industry where hotels are forced to turn their assets and properties into more flexible hotel operations.

This is meant to improve efficiency and effectiveness in many international hotels especially in the field of customer service that deals with room bookings, hotel reservations and cash payments. The labour market which is one of the strongest indicators of globalization has also impacted on the international hotel industry where the supply and demand of skilled and professional labourers determines the general growth of the industry (Pan and Donato 2007).

The international hospitality industry requires professional hospitality managers who possess the necessary skills and knowledge that will be used to capitalize on opportunities within the industry for the hotel’s advantage.

The labour market ensures that a company is able to gain professionals who will adapt business operations to the changing economic realties in the global context. Government regulations have played a major role in the globalization of local, regional and national economies around the world where the liberalization of world markets determines the amount of international trade that will be conducted in various countries.

Government regulations impact on the international hospitality industry where hotels are allowed some freedom when it comes to selecting the forces that will reduce business transaction costs as well as production costs that have continued to increase with fluctuating global economies (Kumar 2008).

Key Influences driving Globalization in the Hotel Industry One of the major driving forces of globalization in the hospitality industry is cost effective methods of doing business where competitors are driven to operate across borders in search of cost effective and efficient methods of conducting hotel operations. Hotels that operate within the international industry have began to realize that the larger they grow in size, the fewer costs they will incur when it comes to producing goods and services for their customers.

Many managers have also began to realize that operating within the international hospitality market increases their profit margins which means that the company is able to attract more investors and shareholders willing to invest in the company. Diversifying operations into the international markets allows many business managers to tap into tourist markets that have not been explored by the local and national hotel industries (Brotherton 2003).

Another key influencing factor that drives globalization within the hospitality industry is global competition which has continued to increase over the past decade as more and more tourism and entertainment consumers become internationally oriented rather than national, local or regional consumers of hotel products/services.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Professional Development and Contemporary Issues by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A continent that has exploited fully the globalization process taking place across the world is Europe where many of the countries that fall under the European Union have created tourism industries that are focused on the needs of both the international and local consumer.

Hotels in countries such as France, Spain, Germany, Italy and Holland offer products that would meet the needs of both the local consumer and also the international tourist, language barriers side. The growth of the European Union has also played a significant role in the growth of the international hospitality industry in Europe where various hotels based in primal locations are able to compete on a level playing field for international customers.

While this increase in competition has been good for the industry overall, it has created a situation of critical mass where many hotels and tourism firms operate in Europe. Competition has forced many of the international hotels and firms operating within the continent to look for other areas to invest their businesses in so as to counter the effects of critical mass (Gu et al 2007).

Global brands also drive globalization within the international hospitality industry where hotels are forced to design products and services that will meet the cultural, societal, ethnic, political and technological needs of the international customer (Gu et al 2007).

Global brands differ from local brands in that they meet consumer expectations in a more diversified context while local brands meet the needs of local consumer. Globalised brands ensure that hotels operating within the international hospitality industry are able to market their services to customers who are already agents of the globalization process since they are constantly moving from one country to another.

International hotels that develop multicultural brands are able to appeal to a large number of customers who are heavily influenced by their ethnic beliefs and practices. Incorporating hints of multiculturalism also enables international tourists to experience some of the cultural offerings in existence within the host country (Kumar 2008).

Barriers of Operating Across Borders A major barrier when it comes to establishing hotels in international countries is the organizational structure that the hotel’s management or hospitality company will incorporate in the host country. Hotels usually face an uphill task when it comes to deciding which organizational structures can be used across borders.

Hotel managers are also faced with the challenge of determining whether these structures will ensure that the business is able to operate at maximum efficiency so as to meet customer service requirements set by the industry players. Every globalised country in the world lives by certain standards and values systems so when developing organizational structures, managers have to take into account the cultural, political and social systems that exist in the host country to ensure that their business operations do not interfere with them.

Dubai which is one of the world’s most famed city for having many international hotels has been able to maintain its cultural practices where foreign countries interested in establishing hotels within the country have been forced to adapt organizational structures that take into account the predominant culture of the society in Dubai which is Islam. Employers who engage both international and local employees have to take into account their cultural differences when developing pyramid structures for management (Pan and Donato 2007).

Access to global capital presents a major barrier to hotels operating across their own borders where hotels and industry firms interested in investment options within other countries experience difficulties because of the limited investment capital allocated to hotels and the hospitality industry in general.

This can be attributed to the fact that the industry has not been fully accepted in many financial markets around the world and therefore hotel managers have to strive to demonstrate to investors and shareholders that they can be able to yield substantial gains on investment. Such a prerequisite presents a major challenge especially for hotels that wish to diversify their operations to the international market.

These hotels have to demonstrate their ability to achieve positive returns on investor and shareholder contributions on an international scale rather than on a local or regional scale. Hotels that have been able to operate within the three major financial markets in the world; New York (NYSE), the London Stock Exchange market and the Tokyo financial market have been considered to be globalised businesses within the international hospitality industry (Deresky 2008).

As a result of multiculturalism, the work ethic in the host country where the hotel intends to operate in might be different from that of the parent country where for example employees who work for a cultural country such as Saudi Arabia might have to go to the mosque for prayers during midday. Because of the high level of customers most international hotels deal with, the manager might have to develop work duties that will ensure that the Muslim or Islamic employees are not inconvenienced in any way when attending to their prayers.

Work ethics also becomes a significant factor when determining the optimum effectiveness and performance of employees within the hotel. As international hotels might deal with high multitudes of tourists especially during the peak seasons, managers have to determine the ethics and values of employees in the host country they are operating in so that they can be able to utilise these values for optimum results (Herrman and Lipsey 2003).

Recommendations The most suitable solution that can be used by hotel managers who have decided to operate across borders will be to strike a balance between the cultural, social and political systems of both the parent and host company and also take into account the various global considerations of working in an international market.

Decentralised organizational structures will ensure that the company is able to take into account all the work aspects of the host country without compromising on the overall goals and objectives of the hotel. The access to global capital can only be remedied by business plans that have taken into consideration the international customer’s changing needs and expectations. Managers who want to establish their businesses across the border have to develop sound business plans that will draw the necessary amount of investors into the plan.

With regards to the barrier of work ethics, managers need to develop policies that will govern the operations of the international hotel in foreign countries to ensure the work values and ethics of employees have not been compromised. The study and discussion has been able to ascertain therefore that globalization has a significant impact on the operations of the international hotel industry.

References Bhagwati, J., (2004). In defense of globalization. New York: Oxford University Press

Brotherton, B., (2003) The international hospitality industry: structure, characteristics and issues. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science

Croucher, S.L., (2004) Globalization and belonging: the politics of identity in a changing world. New York: Rowman and Littlefield

Deresky, H., (2008) International management: managing across borders and cultures. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall

Gross, M., (2008) Tourism management. New York: Free Press

Gu, J., Humphrey, J., and Messner, D., (2007) Global governance and developing countries: the implications of the rise of China. World Development, Vol.13, No.2, pp 274-292

Herrman, H., and Lipsey, R.E., (2003) Foreign direct investment in the real and financial sector of industrial countries. Berlin: Springer-Verlag Heidelberg

Kumar, P., (2008) Globalization: challenges for the developing world in the new millennium. New Jersey: McGraw Hill Publishers

Pan, Y., and Donato, R., (2007) The asymmetries of globalization. Oxford, UK: Routledge Publishers

Sharma, K., and Morrissey, O., (2007) Trade, inequality and growth in the era of globalization. Oxford, UK: Routledge Publishers


Renewable Energy Co. Report cheap essay help

Table of Contents Summary of the case study

Issues presented in the case study

Analysis of the case study



Reference List


Summary of the case study The increase in dependency on fossil fuel and other non renewable energy sources is facing challenges because of environmental concerns and economic reasons. Fossil fuel releases green house gases and is prone to price fluctuations while hydroelectric power is dependent on environmental conditions.

Many countries are looking for alternative energy sources that are renewable cleaner and independent from price fluctuations. Solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy and geothermal energy are the main renewable sources of energy. This paper gives a summary of the renewable energy sources that two students contemplated and researched after finishing their graduate school.

Issues presented in the case study The issues presented in this case were mainly concerned with the energy demands in Ontario. The need for the electricity supply mix to be replaced was the main issues that brought about the aspect of alternative energy sources. Large and Berkeley found out that renewable energy source was the way to go since other energy sources presented economic problems, environmental problems and scarcity.

They did an analysis of the different renewable energy sources and discovered that they could only venture into the renewable energy source that used the technology which they were best suited to capitalize on. A renewable energy source such as geothermal is pretty cheap but requires a lot of capital in order to establish its economic viability. Solar photovoltaic energy also requires a relatively large amount of capital although the standard offer price is pretty cheaper than some of the other sources.

Analysis of the case study Large and Berkeley provides several different analysis of their research. They tabulate their data to compare between all the renewable energy that they researched on. There is also an analysis of the different energy sources that supply energy in Ontario. In an analysis of 2005 energy sources, it is evident that nuclear energy was the dominant energy source followed by renewable and coal in that order. Conservation was the least energy source that came behind gas and cogen.

Another analysis done for the future supply of energy in Ontario in the year 2025 indicates that renewables will take over from nuclear to become the dominant energy supplier. Nuclear takes the second position followed by gas and cogen, conservation and gasification in that order.

The graph below shows the general trend of the energy sources from the year 2005 to the year 2025.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Figure 1: graph of the trend of energy sources between the years 2005 and 2025.

Reeds, A. (2010). Renewable Energy Co. Richard Ivy School of Business Foundation

Series 1 represents the energy fractions in the year 2025 while series two shows the fractions in the year 2005.

In addition, Ontario’s standard offer program payment schedule tabulated in the file shows that solar photovoltaic energy is valued at $0.11 per Kilowatt hour. This price is way above the other energy sources that are offered the same value of $ 0.11 per kilowatt hour. All the prices are at base price.

The photovoltaic potential of Canadian cities is also compared to that of other cities. From the table, it can be deduced that Canadian cities have relatively high photovoltaic potential compared to many other world cities. The city of Regina is the sixth city with the most solar photovoltaic potential. It is followed by Calgary, Toronto, Vancouver, and St. John.

Another comparison was done on some quick facts for the renewable energies researched. The standard offer program price for solar voltaic energy potential is 42 cent per kW installed while that of other renewable energy sources like wind, hydropower and biogas is 11.08 cent per kW.

While there is an inflation index of 20 percent of the price increases by the consumer price index for all other renewable sources, the solar photovoltaic energy project has no inflation index. When the capital cost of the renewable energy sources are compared, solar photovoltaic energy leads with an estimated capital cost of $10, 000 to $14, 000, per kW installed. The table below summarizes the above analysis.

We will write a custom Report on Renewable Energy Co. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Table 1: Table of comparison of all the renewables discussed

Solar photovoltaic wind hydro biogas Standard offer time 42 cent/kWh 11.08 cent/kWh 11.08 cent/kWh 11.08 cent/kWh Inflation index None 20% of the contract price increases by the consumer price index 20% of the price increases by the Consumer Price Index 20% of the price increases by the Consumer Price Index On-peak rate Not legible Not eligible 3.52 cent/kWh (must be 80%) 3.52 cent/kWh (must be 80%) Capital cost (estimated) $10,000-$14,000 $2,000-$2,750 per kW installed $4,000 to $7,000 per kW installed $4,000 to $7,000 per kW installed Average lead time 1-6 months 3-4 years 4 to 7 years 2 years Environmental permits None None for 2 MW

All projects require an environmental screening process None for 5 MW

Other permits Building permit zoning

Municipal permit Navigation Canada

Transport Canada possible official plan and zoning amendments

Possible bylaw changes

Building permits

Property tax reclassification

Ministry of Natural Resources Water supply issues


Building permits

Municipal permits Official plans and zoning bylaws

Connection Ontario energy board license Local distribution company connection agreement

Electrical safety authority certification

Ontario energy board license Local distribution company connection agreement

Electrical safety authority certification

Ontario Energy Board License Local Distribution Company Connection Agreement

Electrical Safety Authority Certification

Ontario Energy Board License Local Distribution Company Connection Agreement

Electrical Safety Authority Certification

Resource South-facing, inclining approximately 45 degrees Shores of the Great Lakes Areas with high elevations

Exposure to prevailing wind directions

Steep rivers, streams, creeks or springs Flowing year-round

Hilly areas with high year-round rainfall

Proximity to renewable biomass Industry association Canadian solar industry association Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA)

Ontario Sustainable Energy Association (OSEA)

Ontario Waterpower Association (OWA)

Ministry of Natural Resources

Canadian Bioenergy Association (CANBIO)

Canadian Biogas Association

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs


Adapted from Reeds, A. (2010). Renewable Energy Co. Richard Ivy School of Business Foundation

Results From the graph in figure 1, even though the energy output and usage increases, the general trend is that renewable energy is slowly but gradually taking over the energy scene. From the table above, it can be deduced that solar energy is the most expensive in terms of standard offer time. Solar photovoltaic energy also requires the most capital cost. It is also quite expensive in terms of average lead time. However, solar energy needs no environmental permit and has the least number of permits needed.

Recommendations It is beyond doubt that renewable energy is the most appropriate alternative energy source that can be utilize for sustainable economic growth and environment management.

Since fossil fuel prices are always fluctuating, they affect economies and thus contribute to inflation. Fossil fuels also contribute to greenhouse gases because they produce carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide. Carbon dioxide depletes the ozone layer which is essential for blocking ultraviolet rays that may otherwise cause skin cancer. Sulfur dioxide is known to cause acid rain that corrodes man made structures.

Renewable energy sources are clean, cheaper, and stable for economic development. In my own opinion, since wind, solar, hydroelectricity and biogas, all depend on environmental conditions, I would recommend geothermal energy to be sourced in tectonically active areas. This renewable energy source does not depend on climatic conditions. It is available throughout the years and the earth’s interior is not going to cool soon.

Reference List Reeds, A. (2010). Renewable Energy Co. Richard Ivy School of Business Foundation.

Appendix Figure 1: graph of the trend of energy sources between the years 2005 and 2025.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Renewable Energy Co. by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Figure 1: graph of the trend of energy sources between the years 2005 and 2025.

Table 1: Table of comparison of all the renewables discussed.

Table 1: Table of comparison of all the renewables discussed.

Solar photovoltaic wind hydro biogas Standard offer time 42 cent/kWh 11.08 cent/kWh 11.08 cent/kWh 11.08 cent/kWh Inflation index None 20% of the contract price increases by the consumer price index 20% of the price increases by the Consumer Price Index 20% of the price increases by the Consumer Price Index On-peak rate Not legible Not eligible 3.52 cent/kWh (must be 80%) 3.52 cent/kWh (must be 80%) Capital cost (estimated) $10,000-$14,000 $2,000-$2,750 per kW installed $4,000 to $7,000 per kW installed $4,000 to $7,000 per kW installed Average lead time 1-6 months 3-4 years 4 to 7 years 2 years Environmental permits None None for 2 MW

All projects require an environmental screening process None for 5 MW

Other permits Building permit zoning

Municipal permit Navigation Canada

Transport Canada possible official plan and zoning amendments

Possible bylaw changes

Building permits

Property tax reclassification

Ministry of Natural Resources Water supply issues


Building permits

Municipal permits Official plans and zoning bylaws

Connection Ontario energy board license Local distribution company connection agreement

Electrical safety authority certification

Ontario energy board license Local distribution company connection agreement

Electrical safety authority certification

Ontario Energy Board License Local Distribution Company Connection Agreement

Electrical Safety Authority Certification

Ontario Energy Board License Local Distribution Company Connection Agreement

Electrical Safety Authority Certification

Resource South-facing, inclining approximately 45 degrees Shores of the Great Lakes Areas with high elevations

Exposure to prevailing wind directions

Steep rivers, streams, creeks or springs Flowing year-round

Hilly areas with high year-round rainfall

Proximity to renewable biomass Industry association Canadian solar industry association Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA)

Ontario Sustainable Energy Association (OSEA)

Ontario Waterpower Association (OWA)

Ministry of Natural Resources

Canadian Bioenergy Association (CANBIO)

Canadian Biogas Association

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs


Adapted from Reeds, A. (2010). Renewable Energy Co. Richard Ivy School of Business Foundation