Analysis And Interpretation Of Short Fiction Essay Essay Help

Toni Cade Bambara and Joyce carol Oates, the authors of the allegorical stories the lesson and where are you going, where have you been respectively describe the epiphanies of the principal characters.

Through her interaction with Miss Moore, Sylvia is able to awake to the reality of the socioeconomic class that exists in her community. Initially, Sylvia seems to be happy with her lifestyle but when she realizes her level of poverty, she becomes angry. Miss Moore is a figure that represents the fight for minority like blacks against racism and discrimination especially in America.

On the other hand, Connie’s personal experience with a stranger Arnold who forced her to lose her sexual innocence awakens her into the reality of oppression, abuse, and discrimination of women in the society. Besides, the epiphanies that occur in the lives of the main characters like Sylvia and Connie opening them up to the bleak future in a discriminatory or oppressive society, have comparison and contradictory elements.

Sylvia’s exposure and observations about the other side of the town puts her in somber mood while Connie’s personal experience with Arnold puts a permanent mark in her life. Sylvia is a tough, witty, or distrustful Harlemite girl. She is also bright and her trip to Manhattan exposes her to the injustices and discrepancies or inequality in her society.

Her hometown is filthy, dirty and only occupied by uneducated blacks who live in abject poverty. Their playground is not safe because it is not only a waste disposal ground but also acts as urinal thus producing a bad odour. Although she is an American, discrimination has divided the society in two diverse worlds. On their way to Manhattan, Sylvia and her friends gape at the dressing and the lifestyle of the whites.

Due to cultural differences, she is unable to comprehend why the white people wear stockings or fur coats during summer. At the toy store, Sylvia and her friends become perplexed at the elegant but expensive toys, which cost more than they can afford. Only the children of the white people can afford such expensive toys, which may not live forever. The white community lives in a lavish lifestyle while the black anguish in poverty.

Finally, reality dawns on Sylvia that she can neither touch nor buy the toys at the store. Instantly, she becomes mad not because that she hates anybody around her but because of the poverty, discrimination, and oppression in her society.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She feels that due to racial discrimination and that she is unable to afford or live the same lifestyle as the majority in the society. Her observation, wittiness and intelligent compels her to hate the discriminatory nature in the society. Her anger is symbolizes that she is ready to fight for her rights and that of the minority people in the society.

Furthermore, her moment of epiphany gives her the urge to come out of the prison she lives. For instance, her happiness mood changes to sadness and she tells her friends “let’s go” (Bambara par.12). This means that she does not want to continue being a prisoner or see the inequality that exists in her society. Thus, Sylvia’s brightness opens her to a future that is full of obstacles but her anger is a symbol of determination that she is ready to fight on.

On the other hand, Connie is a beautiful but disobedient girl in her adolescent stage. She listens neither to her mother nor to her aunties who want her to change her mannerisms and attitude towards life. Her dressing, walking and laughing styles are ways to seek attention from members of the opposite sex (Oates 2).

Regrettably, one of the male figures she attracts turns out to be violent, which leads to a conflict and eventually to rape. Connie is unable to resist Arnold’s advances due to his threats and leaves with him to unknown destination (Kurkowski par.2). Nevertheless, the conflict, rape, and forceful eviction from her home open her to the reality of oppression, sexual or physical abuse and disrespect women undergo in the society.

If Connie had listened to her parents and accompanied them to the barbecue party, she would not have had the awful experience. Therefore, Connie’s moment of epiphany comes in a form of a fight and personal experience that leaves her distressful while Sylvia’s moment of epiphany is through an observation that indirectly touches her life compelling her to fight for her rights.

Sylvia’s moment of epiphany has both a social and political orientation. All the leaders in either public or private institutions are from the majority group or race. Miss Moore symbolically represents the black people in the society who have risen above all odds to fight for their rights. She mainly speaks for the author when she enlightens Sylvia and her friends about the division of the world into social classes (Brandon par.1).

She is both educated and has relevant information about the social, political and economic state of her country thus volunteering to give lessons to poor black children. Through Miss Moore, the moment of epiphany in Sylvia’s comes through a learning process that makes her envy the white people or the majority group in the society. Moreover, Sylvia is able to realize the political, social, and economic status of her society through Miss Moore, which was the aim of the author.

We will write a custom Essay on Analysis and Interpretation of Short Fiction specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the contrary, the epiphany moment in Connie’s life is only socially oriented. Connie’s transition from adolescent stage to adulthood seems to have thrown her into confusion leading to frequent fights with her mother. Arnold appearance puts her into fear and when he forces himself into her, he not only makes her frightened but also enables her to understand the level of inhumanity in her society or in the world.

Although the author does not give the fate of Connie, the rape and harassment from Arnold are a premonition of the bleak future that lay ahead of her. Therefore, through Connie, the author is able to highlight the social discrimination and traumas women or poor people undergo in hands of men while through Sylvia the author mainly focuses on racial discrimination in the society.

The moments of epiphanies in the main characters are similar because they not only occur to young girls but also change the course of their lives. Additionally, their social nature makes them to interact with strangers who give their lives a different direction. Although Connie resists the advances or the oppressive nature of Arnold, eventually she has no choice but to follow his footsteps.

Therefore, Connie succumbs to Arnold when she realizes her feminine nature and the society’s perception of women as inferior cannot save her. In addition, she realizes the world is full of evil people because she is unhappy and Arnold forces her to smile when he says” let’s see a smile try it “ (Oates 9).Similarly, Sylvia’s poor living conditions and lack of adequate education gives her the urge to fight the oppressiveness, discrimination or inequality that prevails in the society.

Moreover, Sylvia asserts, “ain’t nobody is gonna to beat me at nuthin”, which means she is ready to fight for the rights of the minority in the society (Bambara par.12). Therefore, the moment of epiphanies in the two principal characters reveals to them about the unfairness that is in the world they live in. Therefore, the authors of the two books use the youth to enlighten the society about feminine rights.

In summary, through the description of the way of life of the main characters, the authors are able to describe their epiphany moments, which reveals to them the inhumanity, oppression and discrimination that exists in their world. When Sylvia realizes about the discriminatory nature of the black people in her society, she decides to fight for equality. On the contrary, although Connie is able to learn about the poor perception of women and the poor people in her society, she is unable to fight for her rights.

Sylvia’s moment of epiphany has political, social, and economic orientation while Connie’s epiphany is mainly socially oriented especially on the aspect of poverty and women. The similarity in the epiphany moments in the two cases is that it not only occurs to youths but also transforms the daily lives of the young girls. Finally, Bambara uses Miss Moore to highlight explicitly the political, social, and economic situation in her country.

Works Cited Bambara, Toni. The lesson, 1972. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis and Interpretation of Short Fiction by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Brandon, Martin. ‘The Lesson’ as an Analysis of Societies Economic Differences, 2009. Web.

Kurkowski, Clifford. A Psychological Analysis of Connie: A Feminist Viewpoint of “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? N.d. Web.

Oates, Carol. Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Ed. Elaine Showalter. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1994.


Argument for alignment of business with IT Essay (Critical Writing) essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Author’s arguments

Critical review



Author’s arguments In his article, Be What You Are Not, Carr (2004) presents his arguments in support of the need of flexibility among IT companies. According to him, the world of IT is rapidly changing and managers, investors, and entrepreneurs need not be rigid but to change as the IT changes. Carr continues to point out that many companies continue to use the internet by applying business strategies that are traditional where they just want to sustain their market advantage.

Many businesses continue to take a defensive position in the market in relation to the use of IT rather than to adjust as technology changes. If a certain company pioneers in the use of on-line services for its products and at first attracts many customers, management of such company thinks it will continue enjoying the same advantage for long and therefore, they put mechanisms to protect this. However, according to Carr, this amount to building castles in the air, which cannot work.

Within a very short, all the rival companies would have adopted the same technology in their services and within no time, they will have advanced the same technology thus leaving the company that came up with the idea lagging behind in the market. As the author argues, in the world of IT, there is nothing like sustainable advantage to the first mover in a certain technology. Every technique is easily replicated and investors will always run where there is large profit.

The author gives several examples of online companies such as Yahoo and American Online that have managed to sustain the advantage of first mover in the IT market, but according to him, those are exceptional cases. Indeed, those companies have also constantly adopted change to sustain their advantage in the market.

Critical review The field of IT is changing so fast and only entrepreneurs, managers, and investors who keep pace with these changes can reap the resultant benefits. As Wang (2010) puts it, every organization is in a race chasing the newest technology (p.63). I agree with Carr argument that, there is nothing like sustainable advantage for the first mover in the field of IT and companies must be always ready to be what they are not. Many companies in the recent past have lost their market share for failing to keep in pace with IT development.

Though at the beginning they were making huge profit by being the first mover in a certain technology, within a short span, their secrets are replicated by rival companies, and after sometime, they find themselves lagging in the market rather than leading. A good example of these companies is CDNow that was the first mover in selling CD over the internet. It made huge sales at the beginning and everybody thought it would continue reaping the same profits.

However, after a short period, Amazon came up with a technique to sell music on-line rather than the CD. Amazon also came up with other services such as online bookselling that strengthened its position in the market compared to CDNow (O’Brien


A Musical Analysis of the song “As I Lay me Down” by Sophie B. Hawkins Essay college application essay help

The Sensuous level The song “As I lay me down” captures the emotive senses of the listener purely by the introductory combination of the guitar and the piano. The musical ‘power’ in the song – its ability to draw one to pause and listen to the song even when the listener is engaged in other matters, is almost tangible.

The tone of the music almost sounds like a pleasurable lullaby that an adult would want to get soothed by. The song begins by the sound of guitar strings followed by a piano that captures the listener’s attention. The melodious vocal voice of the singer then follows, complementing the introductory instruments mentioned in synchronous harmony that makes it almost natural to want to sing along to the song. A dedication to her father’s memory, the song’s reflective tone makes it even more captivating.

The Expressive or Emotional Level “As I lay me down” invokes the feelings of memory for departed loved ones. As mentioned earlier, the song is the composer’s dedication to her late father. The song thus generates memorial feelings for loved ones the listener may have lost, either a family member or close friends.

This was clearly the intention of the composer and this intent is clear in the musical lyrics of the composition as well as the tone the song creates, and the mood the song evokes. Paradoxically, the song does not create the feelings of loss and heartache because of the feelings of memory of the dearly departed, but induces feelings of love and appreciation for those dearly loved who are still living.

It makes the listener appreciate his or her loved ones who are still alive and close. Depending on the state of mind of the listener at the particular time of listening to this composition, the emotions created in the listener tend to swing from memory of the departed loved one(s), to love and appreciation for the living loved one(s).

The song can be especially important in giving the listener a sense of appreciation, with the message generally being that those around us should be shown love and appreciation while the listener still has the privilege of enjoying the loved one’s company. The song dwells on the special love that exists between a father and his children (especially daughters), and the singer magnifies the seemingly ‘simple’ role – powerful in the eyes of the daughter – the father used to play in ‘laying the daughter to sleep’.

The song is able to pack a lot of emotion in the act of a father laying his child or children to sleep. The song has been used as a soundtrack in many movies that seek to express the paradoxical emotions of saying goodbye to a loved one, and welcoming back a loved one after years of being apart. The song has been regularly touted as one of the best soundtracks for a movie.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Musical Content Level The piano and the guitar are the major instruments that are used in this composition. Sophie B. Hawkins’ unmistakable voice then follows the introduction, and many of her ardent listeners can easily identify her slightly husky and powerful voice as she begins to sing.

The piano and guitar, which play short notes, have been slightly tweaked and stretched in this song, because the intro has the guitar and the piano playing slightly higher durations than their typical short strokes and sounds respectively; an indication of the expertise of the instrumentalists.

All the instruments accompany the singer’s voice in a repeated rhythm that gives the composition a pattern that a listener can easily follow. The guitar is more prevalent than the piano in this song and the singer herself is an accomplished guitarist and plays the instrument to accompany her vocals in the song.


The Portuguese Financial Sustainability of Social Security System Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Background Literature


Research analysis

Results explanation

Further analysis

Summary and conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Just like any other part of the world, Portugal has a well-established social security system, which many of her people depend on for their welfare. Like in the US, social security system in Portugal covers a wide range of programs. Some of these programs include retirement pension scheme that covers employees from both public and private sectors, social assistance program that includes benefits for the unemployed and their dependencies among other programs.

The social security system in Portugal experiences problems such as non-contributory coverage, dealing with many survivors and disability beneficiaries (Barrows 25). Generally, the system experiences a problem of dealing with large number of people requiring assistance – an unrelenting problem that seems to affect many of the social security systems across the world.

Large proportion of inflow comes from PAYE funds, as it is the case of the United States. Taxes from the payroll can be termed as the backbone of the Portuguese social security system; however, there is a problem based on ‘baby boomers’ experience. After Second World War, populations across Europe blossomed and such large populations joined the social security systems, which also thrived.

However, as the ‘baby boomers’ generation approaches retirement, the current working population is smaller and cannot sustain the current social security system, firmly established by the ‘baby boomers.’ Moreover, many contributors do not see any positive relationship between what they contribute and what they get at the end of the day. Indeed, according to many employees, the taxes reduce their private savings and disposable income and hence the capital formation.

This paper will analyze financial sustainability of the Portuguese social security system mainly by comparing the revenue contributed and the cost required to maintain it. The research will use secondary data to analyze the trend of income and expenditures of the system for a period of fifty years from 1999 and 2050.

Background Literature Social security system in Portugal comprises of three components; family allowances benefit systems and social welfare allowances for citizens. The allowance component compensates citizens when their earnings decline due to the following reasons; unemployment, sickness, disability, death, old age, and work accidents just to mention a few. Employees, both self-employed and the employed, benefit from this system.

Non-working and unemployed individuals however, have the right to subscribe if they so wish. For one to enjoy the benefits of social security system, he/she must meet two conditions. First, one must register and secondly, the individual must meet his/her monthly contributions just like the employed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Though the Portuguese social security system has improved over the years, it continues to face many problems. Financial instability is the major problem. Those people who contribute each month to the social security system suspect misappropriation of these funds; hence, they do not get the expected benefits from this scheme. Many employees would therefore prefer some structural reforms in the system for it to meet their needs effectively. Portugal needs to change her current scheme of ‘pay as go used go’ and adopt a capitalization system.

In this type of system, every employee has his or her own account where all the contributions made goes into this personal account. When the employee attains the age of retirement, then he or she can withdraw all the money deposited in the personal account. This will help to address dissatisfaction by many employees who question the efficiency of the current system. As Barrow claims, capitalization regime will ensure direct relationship between the benefits and contribution.

This will eliminate the perception that the contribution to the social security system is just as tax deducted on the labor income (26). Capitalization regime will ensure that there is no sharing of the social security system’s funds from one single pool. Every employee will sustain his or her pool and in case of anything, he/she will withdraw the money from the personal account.

Failure to do that will perpetuate the worsening the financial position of the system as more and more beneficiaries depend on insufficient funds contributed by just a small proportion of the population now and in future. As Pereira da Silva, Calado, and Maria put it, there is a looming financial problem facing the social security system in Portugal; the government needs to address it urgently before it gets out of hand (418).

There is a large gap between the benefits and the declining rate of contribution and subscriptions. The active population does not benefit from their huge contributions to the social security system. The founders of the Social security trust fund in 1995 aimed to reinforce the social security system, but this has not solved the problem of financial instability.

The government also introduced partial capitalization program in 1989 in which it invested the contributed funds in the different ways such as in financial markets. This also aimed to stabilize the financial status of this system. The returns from these investments would cater for future raise in costs. According to Pereira da Silva, Calado and Maria these stabilization funds created by the government are not in a position to counter the financial challenges facing the system and therefore it ought not to be the focus of the stakeholders (418).

As mentioned earlier in the research, it is not Portugal alone whose social security systems are facing challenges. Yasar argues that social security systems in US also face the same challenges. Economists attribute the US challenges to the increased number of baby boomers attaining the age of retirement (843).

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Portuguese Financial Sustainability of Social Security System specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Currently the debate is going on in US among the reformers and other groups over the appropriate reforms in the social security system to meet the raising demand of beneficiaries. Reformists are advocating for the change of the system and adoption of a fully funded retirement plan with clear definitions. Other groups are arguing that demographic problems, which justify the privatization of the system, are wrong.

Irrespective of which group is right, the fact remains that there is a challenge in the social security system in US which may even become worse in the future as more and more people attain the age of retirement. Puckett argues that managing social security system is a challenge not only for today but also for yesterday and tomorrow (25).Thus even as we analyze the case of the Portuguese social security system it is important that we have it in mind that these systems are facing challenges in all the parts of the world.

Data To analyze the financial sustainability of the social security system in Portugal, this study will use secondary sources of data mainly from the international association for the study of insurance economics 2004 among other sources. This study chose these sources of the data for various reasons, which include; first, the sources are reliable and thus provide reliable data for valid conclusion.

Secondly, this data is very relevant to the topic of the study since it provide all the required information about the Portuguese social security system. Data about the contributions and distribution of benefits in this social security system is very relevant to this study, which these sources adequately provide.

This data will make it easy to analyze financial sustainability of the Portuguese social security system by comparing the rate of growth of revenue collected from the citizens and growth rate of the fund’s beneficiaries. The data clearly portrays the gap between the rate of fund’s growth and cost rate for easier comparisons. The data also compare the difference between synthetic cost and income rate, which helps to predict the future of this social security system.

The data also helps to show the projected accumulated funds as well as the growth trend for the next forty or so years. This will help to show or measure whether this system will become more sustainable or less sustainable in future. In addition, this data will help to show the account of the social security benefits to the current and future’s GDP of Portugal. All this will assist in coming up with a valid conclusion in this research.

Research analysis From the various tables given in this research, it is possible to observe the trend of social security system in Portugal. To start with, Table 1 shows the comparison of rate of revenue and rate of cost from 1999 to 2050. From this table, we can observe the following; accumulated asset funds will attain their maximum level by 2012 where the rate of revenue growth will be approximately 0.285 per cent.

The rate of revenue has been growing consistently from 1999 though by a small margin until 2012 when it reaches the maximum point. Thereafter the growth rate of revenue starts to decline from maximum level attained in 2012 to about 0.26 percent by the year 2020. This trend remains constant for the next 30 years; table predicts the same rate of revenue growth by 2050.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Portuguese Financial Sustainability of Social Security System by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Contrary to growth rate of revenue, the cost rate grows steadily throughout the research period and there is no record of decline in growth. The growth in cost rate in 1999 is 0.24 per cent and continues to grow consistently year after another until it reaches a maximum level of 0.36 percent by 2050. The current growth rate of revenue is 0.34 percent, which is a large increase from 0.24 percent in 1999. This rate does not fluctuate much in the next forty years since the projected growth in the rate of cost by 2050 is 0.36 per cent.

Again, this table notes the trend in differences of cost and revenue. From 1999 to 2005, the rate of growth in revenue exceeds the rate of growth in cost. This means that during this period, the rate of growth of contributions collected in the system was less that the number of beneficiaries.

However, from 2008 onward, the rate of growth of cost is more than the rate of growth of revenue. This means that the rate of growth of beneficiaries of the social security funds is exceeding the rate of contribution. This may lead to financial problems in the system.

Results explanation The data portrayed in this table shows a move from equilibrium to disequilibrium since 2008. There is acute imbalance between the growth rate of contributions and beneficiaries of the social security funds. The data shows that before 2008, the system was sustainable and it could support all the beneficiaries since there was more revenue than cost.

When the beneficiaries started to exceed the contributors in 2008, the financial however instability started. Though the country never experienced population boom like other countries, which had participated in the Second World War, the number of children born after the war were many.

This generation started attaining the age of retirement in 2010. Predictions show that this trend is likely to remain for the next ten years. This has already started exerting pressure to the social security system funds since the amount going out is more than the amount coming in.

The subscriptions and contributions have already started to decline as more and more members continue to retire. By 2025, economists expect that the benefits of the funds will not be enough to cover all the benefits, management and the administration costs. Further projections show that by 2050 this deficit may reach to about 38.5 per cent.

This will be equivalent to about 2.25 percent of the country’s total GDP. This means that to minimize this deficit, there is need for some action to close the gap between the rate of revenue and costs. Two options are possible, either to increase the rate of contributions or decrease the rate of expenditures. The government may reduce the rate of expenditure by 0.7 percent or increase contribution rate by 10 per cent in order to attain equilibrium by 2050.

These two options are possible but not easy especially on the side of the government. For instance, to increase the rate of contribution, government will need to improve its efficiency in recruiting and collecting more contributions from the citizens or coming up with a legal provision that will raise the amount contributed by each member.

The latter will have an opportunity cost to the economy in terms of savings and investments. The government may also consider implementing the two methods simultaneously to increase the amount of contribution to the social security system. The second option of reducing the expenditure by 0.7 percent will also be costly to the government and the citizens.

Lowering the benefits may result into suffering of some people. Members of the social security schemes may not get the expected amount after retirement even after dedicating themselves to contribute during their working days due to shortage of the funds. The system may not be able to finance fully some cases such as accident, sickness, and maternity of the active contributors due to this policy. This option will also have some consequences, which may be too costly to the members and the government.

Further analysis Table 2 compares the rate of fund’s growth with the ratio of the fund. The rate of fund’s growth reaches the maximum point in 2005 and starts to decline consistently until it reaches the lowest point in 2020 where it shows a negative growth. From there the growth rate remains constant at 0 percent showing no growth in the next thirty years up to 2050.

The ratio of the fund grows consistently until it reaches a maximum in 2011. It then starts to decline until it reaches 0 percent in 2035. The high rate of unemployment is the attribute to the decline of the growth rate of fund. Increased number of employees who are retiring can also lead to low contribution rate. At the beginning, the fund ratio is high since the number of people remitting their contribution is increasing but later the trend decrease as more people reach their age of retirement.

Table 3 compares the rate of growth of synthetic effective income and synthetic effective cost. Synthetic effective income increases steadily until it reaches a point where it starts to decline. It manifests the highest rate in 2040 and thereafter it starts to decline. The rate of synthetic effective cost increases steadily and reaches the maximum (30 percent) by 2050. The difference between the two rates decrease from positive side and then start to increase steadily on the negative side.

Effective income rate shows “taxable payroll to the income ratio and it will increase so long as the income of the employee is increasing” (Puckett 76). As a result, the rate increases despite the cost increase. The effective rate of cost shows the ratio of taxable payroll to expenditure and continues to increase steadily so long as the expenditures are increasing. The differences between the two rates change due to fluctuating income and expenditure for the entire research period.

Summary and conclusion From this study, it is evident that the current social security system in Portugal is not sustainable. The analysis of the data shows that by 2050, the deficit in the system will have risen to 38.5 percent, a significant proportion of the total GDP of Portugal.

The gap between the growth rate of revenue contributed and the cost demanded from the funds has continued to increase over the years and projections show its increase in future. This condition may be attributed to high rate of retirement as large proportion of the population, which was born after Second World War, currently attain the age of retirement.

Other factors such as high rate of unemployment have contributed to this problem; there are few people joining the system to increase the revenue collection. The government has come up with various programs to address the problem; however, the outcome is of little significance. Initiatives such as investing the contributed funds in various ways have not helped much in addressing the problem.

To address the problem, the government may either look for ways to increase the contributions such as recruiting more members and increasing the rate of contribution per member or coming up with ways to reduce the expenditure of the social security system. The two options are not easy for the government given that they have their opportunity costs in terms of saving and investment.

However, an urgent action is necessary to prevent the situation from deteriorating in future; actually if unchecked, the situation will degenerate into a crisis and the retiring will go home uncompensated as the system crumbles under the weight unsustainable demands due to poor policymaking. Nevertheless, a swift well-planned and executed strategy will ensure that the social security system in Portugal is sustainable for now and in future.

Works Cited Barrows, Jen. “Portugal’s Social Security System: The Efficacy of Reforms.” Yale Economic Review 6.1 (2010): 25-27. Print.

Pereira da Silva, Carlos, Calado, Joao, and Maria, Teresa.“The Financial Sustainability of the Portuguese Social Security System.” Geneva Papers on Risk


Characteristics of “The gentleman,” according to Confucius Report (Assessment) essay help free

The gentleman, according to Confucius is simply a man of virtue. Confucius teachings explained the characteristics of a gentleman as a superior man, a man at his best, and a portrayer of authentic manhood. Meaning is added to the relationship between human beings referred to as Jen by Confucius by incorporating the idealness of the terms of human relationships (Chun-Tzu). Confucius states that there are five major characteristics that make up a true gentleman which are humility, sincerity, graciousness, magnanimity, and diligence.

According to him, an individual who can practice all five of them can be considered as a superior man/ a portrayer of true manhood or put a gentleman. From the teachings of Confucius, there is no indication that a gentleman looks upon his endeavors and looks down upon those below him; but rather a gentleman’s endeavors pull others towards him (Damrosch et al. 600).

Confucius says that humility and sincerity make others put their trust in a person. He states further that humbleness comes with respect; being magnanimous attracts many to one’s side and getting along with one’s subordinates you need to be gracious.

Confucius’ understanding of his relationship to others whether above or below him is pegged on the characteristics that refer to a person as a gentleman, a man of virtue. According to him, a man of this nature that encompasses all these characteristics is a force that can bring change to society and turn it into a peaceful environment, the state it was and is meant to be.

Another understanding of his relationship with others is found in his belief that each person within the society should act his/her proper part so that society would be better organized. He believes and states that the ruler of an empire should be a ruler while the subject a subject; the father should be a father while the son a son. This shows that he believes in everyone having a specific role to play and should not take up another’s role (Damrosch et al. 602).

Reading Journal Prompt for the Quran: Experience reading the Quran The reading in the Quran that touches on Heaven, Hell, and Death is a complex through a straightforward recitation to understand the passage of reading. After the reading, one is left wondering whether the characters and events mentioned and referred to extensively in the text are realistic.

There are character and events that come out vividly and leave a yearning of meeting them and experiencing them. This yearning to experience does not mean that the character or events in any way appeal to the reader but the reader feels that for better understanding, it would be better if they were to meet with the character and interact.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From the study of the Quran, it becomes evident that recital of the Holy Qur’an appears to have psychological and physiological benefits. It “appears to reduce a reader’s perceived stress levels, heart rate and blood pressure” (Damrosch et al. 289). This feeling can’t be found with the recital of secular materials written in the same lingo as the Qur’an. Other texts that have the same effect as the Quran are religious materials such as the bible. The Quran describes heaven and hell figuratively, and it further states when this occurs within the text.

The complexity of the reading and where most readers find it hard to understand is on the issue of death. The Quran explains death as a great mystery to most people. However, scholars/students of the Quran can understand the deeper meaning of death. We learn that death is exactly like sleeping, complete with dreams. One point that was especially hard to understand is the aftermath. A point of conflict is whether the righteous die or go straight to heaven (Damrosch et al. 290).

Works Cited Damrosch, David et al. The Longman Anthology of World Literature: The Ancient World, the Medieval Era, and the Early Modern Period. Canada: Pearson Education Canada, 2008. Print.


How Equiano defines himself by the time he is writing his book Essay essay help

Introduction Equiano Olaudah has had a life full of challenges right from his early childhood. From the time Equiano was kidnapped when he was left at home, he shares about his life as a slave and it is rather clear that the experience was dreadful as the reader is able to see and understand clearly how the slaves are treated when being transported to become slaves in foreign land; hunger, starvation, brutality and death are major problems faced by the slaves (Equiano, 89).

The first chapter of this book by Equiano makes an introduction about his origin country and it also gives a description of his background information. Thus, in order to understand better about Equiano’s life, it is important we briefly focus on his basic information as presented in this book because it provides the reader with a good basis for argument about the topic.

The narrative of Equiano’s life

Equiano was born in Africa in a country known as Benin, his family included seven members and Equiano was the youngest in the family that only had one sister; during his childhood, he was taught the art of war which he enjoyed doing until the age of eleven years when he was kidnapped together with his only sister and they were taken to a foreign land where they became slaves (Equiano, 26).

Equiano was sold to Mr. Pascal as a slave and it was here that he was given the name Gustavus Vassa as it was traditional for masters to give their slaves new names. Pascal sent Equiano to Britain and here, Equiano had a chance to visit places; most importantly he was sent to school in London where he learned how to write and read (Equiano, 127).

It is after this that Equiano visited other different countries and after several years, Equiano had a chance to come back to Britain where he made a very essential decision; he ventured into politics and become involved in legal procedures in efforts to campaign against slavery and slave trade. For this reason, Equiano made the first step in his major campaign by writing the book “The Interesting Narrative” which was aimed at sensitizing and campaigning against slavery.

Discussion How does Equiano define himself by the time he is writing his book?

Its is no doubt that, Equiano’s life is a concept full of dilemma for two major reasons; one, as we have already learned, Equiano was kidnapped and brought to Britain as a slave from Africa where he had a family, parents and siblings who all lived there.

Secondly, the question about his identity remains a dilemma since, when Equiano came to Britain, although he was a slave in the beginning, he had great opportunities and he became a very prominent person a factor that motivated him to make necessary social changes through campaigning against slavery.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this regard, I am of the opinion that, Olaudah Equiano is an African and by the time he is writing this narrative book, it is no doubt that he is a supporter of the African heritage. As a critical reader, one can be able to see clearly from the beginning that, Equiano’s interesting narrative is captured from a home setting of the African background and as the book begins, it explains and makes a full description about the early child hood and life of Equiano which provides very basic information about his community and his society.

Equiano is enslaved and taken to the foreign country in which he comes face to face with a very different lifestyle and culture. However, Equiano takes great pain when he is in the foreign land considering what his fellow brothers and sister in Africa are undergoing. This clearly shows that, Equiano indentifies with Africa (Equiano, 110).

As Equiano narrates about his life in this book, he maintains and portrays a great aspect of African legacy and through out the book, he upholds African purity and further claims that, people in the Europe do not have high cultural qualities especially considering their flexible and dynamic way of life. Although, Equiano Olaudah grows in the middle of western ideas, it is no doubt that he also portrays numerous and desirable African cultural qualities and therefore making him to appear as a person who is proud of the African culture.

Additionally, based on his courage and fighting spirit, we are also able to observe that Equiano Olaudah is not happy neither is he contended about what is happening in Africa (slavery and slave trade). For this particular reason, Equiano becomes ambitious and he decides to campaign against the wide spread evil of slavery and slave trade which by then, is a common practice against Africans by people from the west. This incidence clearly shows his love for Africa and it also depicts his loyalty to his native home; Africa.

Conclusion Slavery was a practice that was wide spread in the world during the early period. Amongst the many slaves, Equiano also became a victim from the time he was very young. However, when he becomes of age, Equiano is well informed and he makes a decision to fight against the negative practice. “The interesting narrative” plays a major role in facilitating the war against slavery which is later abolished shortly after the death of Equiano Olaudah.

Reference Equiano, O. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano. LinkedIn: Coffee-town Press, 2008.


The Difficulties in Exploiting Sea Floor Massive Sulfide Deposits Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The discovery of underground mineral deposits is always seen as an opportunity for economic emancipation. However, the difficulties involved in exploring the minerals have been the greatest obstacles to the full exploration of sea floor mineral deposits such as sulphide.

The first challenge is in locating an active ridge spreading area. The location of an active hydrothermal activity is a very taunting task requiring the use of high resolution multi-beam sonar and a comprehensive mapping of the seafloor requiring the use of magnetic field sensors.

The possibility of encountering corrosive acidic fluids from vents is another great challenge experienced by seafloor miners. The situation becomes worse when the mining team does not have chemical and temperature sensors. The process of locating hydrothermal vents with sulfide deposits requires extensive underwater surveys with concrete photographic data.

Although many sulfide deposits have been discovered in international waters, the mineral has not been fully exploited because of the high cost involved in mining seafloor mineral deposits. The process of locating, characterization and final extraction is still very costly compared to land-based mining. There are very few mining companies all over the world with the high resolution equipment for mining underground mineral deposits such as sulfide.

There are a lot of risks involved in exploring deep sea sulfide deposits that are beyond the Exclusive Economic Zones. The financial risk is relatively high considering the fact that the economic prospects of deep sea mining in those zones are unpredictable. The regulatory environment is the other issue of concern in deep sea mining of sulfide.

There are no special regulations to govern deep sea mining in both international and territorial waters. For comprehensive exploration of deep sea sulfide deposits, in is necessary for regulations governing research, and all exploration activities to be put in place. Currently there are no regulatory codes for deep sea mining.

The International Seabed Authority has voluntary codes that are yet to be fully enforced. Countries with deep sea mineral deposits have to come up with the necessary regulations to facilitate the exploration of deep sea minerals like sulfide. Environmentalists have always been against deep sea mining by claiming that deep sea mining is a serious threat to the marine environment.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The International Seabed Authority has been at the forefront in regulating deep sea mining to protect the marine environment from the adverse effects of deep sea mining. A comprehensive environmental impact assessment is needed before any deep sea mining activities begin.

The potential impact of sulfide exploration to marine life and the possible models of transporting dissolved minerals need to be determined before the exploration of sulfide deposits. The cost and benefits of seabed mining have not been seriously explored in recent times due to the economic hardships experienced in recent times. Many mining companies have come up with new technologies to fully explore deep sea mining but this has been possible due to the many hardships involved in getting operation permits.


Coca-Cola Company’s Product Pricing Essay best essay help

Coca-Cola chief defends pricing strategy By Alan Rappeport in New York The article focuses on Coca-Cola company’s defense of its pricing strategy that has come under heavy criticism by investors who allege that the company’s pricing formula is acting as a ‘spoiler’ in the soft drinks niche of the market. The strategy mentioned in this case is the low prices that have been set by the company in the North American market.

Coca Cola’s investors question why the company has not increased the prices of its products in the home market despite the soaring costs of inputs, and see this as a spoiler strategy. The company’s defends its strategy by arguing that it does not qualify as a spoiler since there had bee an announcement that prices would be increased globally by between 2-3 percent. Besides, the company has adopted other strategies to help it withstand the effects of the inflation (Rappeport, para. 3).

The author mentions that similar to other consumer-packaged goods, Coca Cola has been providing its products in smaller quantities in order to maintain its low prices. It’s rival, PepsiCo, had earlier mentioned that despite the inflation, it would not increase its prices to match the inflation levels. Due to its low prices, Coca Cola’s revenues had risen by 40 percent in the latest quarter (Rappeport, para. 6).

Mr. Kent, the company’s chief executive, mentions that the company has a strategy based on acquisitions but rebuffed suggestions it would make a bid for some energy drink companies. However, the company contends that there is a potential in this category. A second strategy would involve developing ties with the local bottling companies. The previous year, the company bought its largest North American bottler in response to an identical move by PepsiCo.

Comparison of News Article to Text Pricing is one of the strategies that is used by businesses to improve SECONDtheir competitive advantage. The book defines pricing as the procedure through which a company determines the amount of money that its products will sell for. Pricing is affected by various factors and these include competitor prices, cost of inputs, marketing costs and economic factors such as inflation.

In this article, we come across a number of factors that affect Coca Cola’s pricing strategy, these are economic factors such as inflation and the cost of inputs. Further, the investors accuse the company’s pricing formula as being a ‘spoiler’ move, indicating that the company’s prices are influenced by the competitor’s prices.

The book mentions that a low cost strategy will rarely increase the company’s competitive advantage by a significant margin, however, in Coca Cola’s case, the strategy seems to be working as the company’s revenues rose by 40% in the latest quarter.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the article and the book agree on one thing: a low cost strategy is likely to result in a price war. In this case, we see a potential price war between Coca Cola and its North American competitor’s, especially PepsiCo. This is confirmed by PepsiCo’s announcement that even though it has faced an inflation of between 8 to 9.5 percent, it would not increase its prices.

Coca Cola’s strategy of packaging its products in smaller quantities in order to maintain its low prices is a marketing strategy that is also mentioned in the book. The book mentions that packaging is affected by factors such as marketing, quality assurance, shelf life, and regulatory mechanisms.

We see a direct influence of marketing on the packaging method employed by Coca Cola. The strategies adopted by the company to increase its competitive advantage such as acquisitions is mentioned in the book as a corporate strategy that can help a company to grow rapidly.

Personal Reflection The investors’ claims that Coca Cola’s low pricing strategy is acting as a ‘spoiler’ are not well founded. First, Coca Cola is the largest multinational corporation, hence it enjoys huge economies of trade and is able to offer its products at prices significantly lower that its competitors.

To prove its effectiveness, the company has registered growth in its revenues and stock turnover while its competitors also continue to enjoy phenomenal growth. Therefore, the low price strategy has not acted as a ‘spoiler’ as alleged by the investors.

Instead of increasing prices, Coca Cola has adopted other strategies that include acquisitions, expansion into other areas of operation, and improving ties with local bottling partners. Its recent acquisition of its largest North American bottler was a positive move as this will reduce the company’s expenditure and enable it to focus on its core competencies.

High pricing is not the only through which a company can increase its competitive advantage, other strategies include product differentiation, brand name recognition, value added products/ services, improving product quality, customer experience, and adopting innovation.

We will write a custom Essay on Coca-Cola Company’s Product Pricing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Several of these strategies are plainly working in Coca Cola’s favor and include brand name recognition, product differentiation, innovation, and provision of quality products. The company’s global presence has enabled it to have different strategies for each of the markets, and in North America, its low pricing strategy seems to be effective.

Work Cited Rappeport, Alan. Coca-Cola chief defends pricing strategy. Financial Times, 2 June. 2011. Web.


Pelasgus’ Conflict in The Suppliants by Aeschylus Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Matters at stake for Pelasgus

Pelasgus’ Central Conflicts

Resolution of King Pelasgus’ Conflicts


Works Cited

Introduction Pelasgus, the King of Argos, has just had a group of fifty sisters arrive at his shores together with their father Danaus. The sisters are escaping from forced marriage to their cousins, the fifty sons of Danaus’ twin brother Aegyptus (Bakewell 303). The sisters, together with their father, plead with the king to grant them permission to reside within his kingdom to escape the lecherous pursuit of their husbands-to-be and their band of captors, led by Herald of Egypt.

Matters at stake for Pelasgus The first matter that is at stake for Pelasgus is his authority. Pelasgus’ kingdom is a sort of consultative monarchy and Pelasgus seems to draw his right to rule from making decisions that are arrived at consultatively, and are in the best interest of the people within the Argos kingdom. Therefore, although he feels compassion for the group of asylum seekers, he cannot make a unilateral decision because any opposition to such a decision within the ordinary people of the Kingdom might create discontent and thus challenge his authority.

His Kingdom is also at stake. Pelasgus realizes that there is a distinct possibility that were he to grant asylum to the group, their pursuers might very well wage war against his Kingdom in a bid to re-capture the group. Since he has not had the time to asses the strength and weaknesses of the pursuing band, the likelihood that his Kingdom could be overrun in the pretext of re-capturing the girls is eminent.

The band of captures is also in hot pursuit therefore, the decisions he is going to make are hurried, which may not augur well for his kingdom. As king, Pelasgus cannot also wholly trust the word of the asylum seekers, and he needs to consult, because the group may as well be spies sent by enemy Kingdoms. If he grants them asylum and they turn out to be spies or agent provocateurs of sorts, his kingdom is doomed.

Pelasgus’ Central Conflicts Pelasgus’ first point of conflict is that hosting the desperate daughters might eventually bring him or his Kingdom to ruin. Pelasgus realizes that agreeing to host the daughters and their father within the borders of his Kingdom implies guaranteeing their safety from their pursuers.

Hosting them is a simple matter to him, but guaranteeing their safety is a completely different ball game and he feels he might be courting trouble in the whole matter. This creates a dilemma for him. Pelasgus also fears that were he to make a unilateral decision of hosting the desperate group, for whom he seems to feel genuine compassion, there is a small window of some elements in his Kingdom unhappy with his magnanimous act colluding with the pursuers by revealing the location and identity of the group, creating chaos in his Kingdom.

The second conflict involves Pelasgus’ reluctance to enjoin himself in what he perceives as a pure family matter. According to him, he views the group of girls together with their father as members of a different ‘race’, to imply a people whose kinship he does not share, thus would be reluctant to want to help. The girls are fleeing from marrying their cousins anyway, and according to him that qualifies as a family matter that if he were wise he would avoid immersing himself – or his Kingdom – into.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The King therefore wants to be convinced more concerning the risks associated with sheltering a part of a family that is fleeing from the other half of the family under pretences that he has no clue whether to believe or disregard. Ideally, the King feels like he has been ambushed and appointed a judge over family matters that he feels he would best stay away.

Pelasgus as a king is portrayed as having true compassion and sympathy for the group of asylum seekers. He is keen to help the sisters and their father, but a third conflict stirs within him; he realizes that he has to consult with the leadership of his Kingdom before arriving at binding decision on the fate of the group.

However, a furtive thought disturbs him concerning this matter – he realizes that since the decision that will be reached by the governing council will be binding, if the council arrives at a decision to reject the group’s desire for sheltering in the Argon Kingdom, his conscience will be unsettled (Garvie 86).

His conflict therefore arises from his apprehension in handing the fate of a people he genuinely feels compassion for, to a decision-making process that may not necessarily be favorable to the group ultimately. The outcome of a negative decision may create an unnecessary impasse in the activities of the Kingdom because he may overrule the decision of the governing council. The King clearly is in a state of dilemma.

Resolution of King Pelasgus’ Conflicts Pelasgus conflicts eventually get resolved. Pelasgus does this by throwing the ball back on the court of Danaus, the father of the daughters. Pelasgus reasons that by having the father of the daughters plead the case at the various shrines in the Kingdom and directly at the leadership of the Kingdom, together with entreating the masses, the father stands a better chance of gaining a favorable decision from the governing council.

Pelasgus feels that the father is best able to show the agony that he would face if his asylum request were to be rejected. Pelasgus correctly reasons that the best person to plead the case would be the father. Pelasgus gives Danaus permission and tells Danaus to go forth to the Kingdom; the shrines, the public places, and to the leaders, and tell his story.

Pelasgus says that when the people of his Kingdom see his tired and unkempt appearance, perhaps they too will feel pity and grant him and his daughters their request. The King realizes that in this instant, even his word as the sovereign, cannot carry as much weight as the honest appeal of a father would. In the end, the citizens of Argos accede to the wishes of Danaus and his daughters – the suppliants – and grant them asylum, much to the rejoicing and appreciation of the suppliants.

We will write a custom Essay on Pelasgus’ Conflict in The Suppliants by Aeschylus specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion However, the celebrations are short-lived because soon Herald of Egypt, the leader of the group pursuing the suppliants with the aim of returning them to Egypt, soon arrives on the shores of Argos Kingdom with the sole intent of rounding up Danaus and his daughters and returning them to Egypt for the forced marriages to their cousins. The ensuing chaos, with Herald of Egypt acting superior and giving orders for the group to board the ship quickly, attracts the attention of King Pelasgus.

Demonstrating characteristics that the resolution of his conflicts is accomplished, the King first begins to severely reprimand and caution the band of captors, stating that their lecherous pursuit is barbaric and uncouth behaviors and characteristics that his humane and compassionate citizenry will not tolerate. He further demonstrates that he has overcome his dilemmas by casting his lot with the suppliants, warning Herald of Egypt to touch them at his own peril.

Herald of Egypt, sensing the resolution in the King’s utterances, backs down and the King further tells the suppliants that they will be hosted in a fortified guesthouse near his dwelling, as guests of his Kingdom.

Works Cited Bakewell, Geofrey. “Aeschylus’ Supplices 11-12: Danaus as Pessonomon.” Classical Quarterly 58.1 (2008): 303-307.

Garvie, Frank. Aeschylus’ Supplices, Play, and Trilogy. Cambridge, 1969.


Stealing Buddha’s Dinner Analytical Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Exploring the Concept of Identity

Exploring the Concept of Acceptance


Thesis Statement: The book explores the concept of straddling two cultures, heritage and the struggle for identity most immigrants undergo when they try to integrate themselves into U.S. society.

Introduction In the novel “Stealing Buddha’s Dinner”, author Bich Minh Nguyen explores the concept of identity and how in a desire to “fit in”, be normal and be socially accepted the author shows how she attempts to latch onto American popular culture in the form of brand name packaged food groups (Pringles, Shake


THE NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY IN US Research Paper essay help

Table of Contents Introduction



The Study

Summary and Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Natural gas is one of the natural fuels that are used by mankind for both commercial and residential purposes. In the United S America it is mainly used for cooking and heating by the largest percentage households although it is applied as a raw material in the industrial sector as well. The usage of natural gas has increased for the past years with many citizens preferring it to other sources of energy.

Other uses of the natural gas that have emerged with the evolution of the energy and the manufacturing industry include, its use as vehicle fuels, powering the industrial furnaces, running air conditioners among others. The research paper looks into the natural gas industry in the US where it analyses its aspects. It also covers the emergence of the natural gas market, its discovery for the industrial, commercial and the residential use.

The evolution of the natural gas market industry is discussed in detail. Other than these, the research main objective is to analyze the effects of natural gas production in the US and imports from other countries. On the determination of the market structure and the evaluation of supply and demand in the future time series data is used. This is also applied to determine the price of the natural gas process.

The paper is organized systematically where there is literature review that looks into materials concerning the natural gas industry and several aspects would be discussed. Series trend data would be used to determine the supply and demand as well as the price determination of natural gas. The main body of the research paper would discuss and analyze the research findings of the data used in the research paper. The summary and conclusion will be based on the findings of the study on natural gas.

Literature This part of the research paper used paper reviewed materials that have connection to the natural gas industry in the United States of America. The use of the natural gas in the United States of America has increased compared to the recent past. Natural gas is used as a burned fuel in the US, where in the 2009; more than 25% of natural gas was consumed.

These areas of consumption include the generation of electricity, fueling vehicles, heating buildings, heating water, baking foods, running air conditioners, and industrial furnace power. According to a report released in December 22, 2010 by Michael Ratner show that emergence of natural gas use has been necessitated by the fact that it is a cleaner because of its low carbon content.

Ratner (1) points that the combustion of natural gas is known to emit two thirds carbon dioxide less compared to coal, and a quarter less compared to oil. This is an explanation why the use of natural gas has been increasing bearing in mind that the environment conservation has been emphasized during the climate change summit over the years. Other reason why it is highly used in the USA is because natural gas combustion produces less particular matter, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide when compared to carbon (Ratner 1).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With the discovery of new methods of natural gas extraction like from shale, has encouraged the use of natural gas in the USA. This has been adopted by other countries seeing the demand and supply in the natural gas oil industry increase significantly. Some of the factors that determine the quantity of natural gas demand and the quantities in the market include technical capability, price, environmental concerns, as well as the political considerations in the natural gas producing countries (Ratner 1).

The evolution of the natural gas markets is likely to be determined by the unconventional natural gas reserves the US that is evolving. The USA remains the largest consumer of natural gas with consumption of 22% of the world’s production in 2009. According to Ratner (1) more than 84% of the gas in the USA was used for domestic purpose. This is a large percentage meaning that people have changed their trends in the usage of natural gas in the US.

Usage of natural gas has been there before although it was used in small quantities in the US for only domestic purposes. It has undergone evolution over the years. Over the years the discovery of its usage in industrial and commercial purpose in large quanties has revolutionalised the natural gas market.

According to Nersesian (248) the demand of natural gas has increased with world consuming 24% with the exclusion of bio fuels. US have become the largest importer because of its increased demand for both domestic and industrial consumption. For the residential purpose the natural gas use increase during the winter for the heating purposes. This according to Nersesian (249) has increased the demand for natural gas.

It has also made the prices of the commodity increase with the residential use by residential customers paying the largest bills. This has resulted to the chicken egg syndrome, where the residents depend highly on natural gas in the residential areas for the provision of warm during the winter season. In the industrial sector consumes largest amount of gas with more than 200, 00 consumers forming 35% of the natural gas use. This is less compared to the residential use of natural gas that has more than 60 million users annually.

The demand has continued to increase with the conflict in the Middle East where the oil crisis has affected the oil market. The industrial use includes incineration, waste treatment, dehumidification, petrochemical industries among other industrial uses. The more natural gas is being use the more the effect is relayed to the consumer goods production. This is because it is directly used as raw materials thus affecting the price of these products (Nersesian 249).

According to Roberts (1) the use of the natural gas in the US in the 1970 grew dramatically. He adds that most of the gas produced was a byproduct of the production of the crude oil. This was necessitated by the fact that the oil reserves at that time where lager and would be long lived.

We will write a custom Research Paper on THE NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY IN US specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This has changed over the years making the USA the largest importer of natural gas in the 21st century. Roberts (1) adds that for the past 40 years the usage of natural gas has been cyclical and market intervention by the government has been the reason why the trend has been changing. The regulation of the natural gas prices in the market was initiated by the federal government in the 1950s. This was the beginning of the evolution of the natural gas markets.

Roberts (1) notes that the Federal Power Commission was the predecessor of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission that encouraged the supply of the natural gas through the pipelines and asserted a certain price for this. This saw an increase in the demand of natural gas after the market prices were regulated to low levels. Consequently the exploration rate declined because the returns were low and prices were low too.

After several laws and Acts were passed in the late 1970s the demand decreased and alternative methods of energy generation were put into place. Economic downturn led to decline in demand for industrial use of natural gas and the price of natural gas increased. The demand for natural gas has since increased after the economy has recovered (Roberts 1).

Production and increased demand for natural gas has had several impacts on US. With higher prices of natural gas, it has become more cheap and economical to import some of the products that are related to natural gas. For example, ammonia based fertilizers are imported, and alternative feed stocks have become attractive like the corn oil and naptha that is used for petrochemicals (Roberts 2). Other plants that don’t use natural gas have been closed because they were not ready for the change.

Data The consumption of natural gas in the United States has been extremely high. This is based on the basis of several data trends on the percentage allocation on its use and demand over the years. The allocation of the use of natural gas in different sectors is also discussed and analyzed.

According to Ratner (3) the world consumption of natural gas in 2009 amounted to more than104, 000 bcf that forms 24%. USA formed the largest consumer with 22,849 bcf which formed a 22%. The economic downturn that resulted from the recession and the War in the Middle East has seen a 2% decline in the consumption of natural oil in the US. Ratner (3) notes that a third of the natural gas consumption in the US is used in the electric power generation, commercial use, industrial use, and residential use.

In 2009 generation of electric power had increased as compared to 2008 usage. It had a consumption of 6,900 bcf of natural gas an increase with 3% (Ratner 3). Te transport sector uses the les amounts of natural gas because of the several logistics involved its usage. Although it has no soot and it is environmentally friendly, the logistic hurdle has been the great problem.

Nersesian (249) notes that the projected figures of the usage of natural gas in the US show that it is clear that more than 20% that is over 60 million residents is used for residential purposes. The purpose of this is drying, cooking, heating, pool heating, and consumer space and water heat as well as gas fire places.

Not sure if you can write a paper on THE NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY IN US by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The residential demand increases to its peak during the winter with a more than 70% annual consumption although it varies depending on the season. The residential gas consumers pay the largest amount with the commercial users paying only 15%.

This sector has more than five million commercial users making them pay the second largest price. The sectors in the commercial that use natural gas include the motels, restaurants, retail establishments, healthcare facilities, hospitals, government buildings and offices (Nersesian 249). Their demand is not determined by the season it’s an all year usage scenario. Industrial sector forms over 35% in the natural gas total demand with more than 200,000 customers.

The industrial sector faces fluctuation in the demand for natural gas usage although it’s not seasonal. The major effect is the fluctuations and variations in the economic activity changes. The impact of increase in the prices in natural gases is that industries can change to other sources like bio fuels. The electricity sector has more than 5,700 users that account to 30% of the total demand (Nersesian 249). The electricity generation sector has more than 5,000 natural gas generating plants.

The Study The demand for natural gas in the United States of America has increased over the years making it the largest user. According to Ratner (1) natural gas plays a great role in the world energy mix because of its growing resource base. This is because of it produces low carbon compared to fossil fuels.

Although US have been ranked as the largest importer of natural gas, report by Ratner (2) indicates that the unconventional gas reserves in the US from the shale gas have increased over the last years. Shale gas reserve has increased to 76% with its production increasing to 47%. This has changed the position of US as a net importer of natural gas to a potential exporter (Ratner 2). With the increase in demand, there has been a decline by 2% because of the economic downturn and the recession.

With increase in demand the market price of natural gas has been low. Natural gas price in Canada, USA and UK is set by the market that is set by the economic activities (Retner 11). There are hubs centers that provide the natural gas sellers and buyers with price data that are competitive.

Some of the hubs in US include the LA, Henry Hub in Erath which form a multiple interstate where most of the natural gas pipelines interconnect (Ratner 11). The demand for natural gas has made itself stand itself wholly; this has made it become uncompetitive with other sources of fuels.

The price of fuels in the US is also determined by the consumer needs. For instance, the residential consumers are the ones that pay the highest prices because of their demand that is determined by season. The commercial users follow in terms of demand and pay because of the economic activities. The demand of natural gas in the US is not likely to reduce because the unconventional gas a reserve that has been found.

In most case, the natural gas use in the US has articulated by the fact because gas in available and not expensive compared to other sources of fuels.

The production of natural gas in the use has its impacts. For one it has revolutionized the manufacturing industry by making use of natural gas a car fuels. This is seen as a way that reducing the amount of carbon, sulfer dioxide and other particular particles that are not environmentally friendly. It production has also made sure that its demand remains high with no reservations of its use getting low.

Production of ammonia has been affected with its production reducing drastically. According to Huang (15) the raw materials for ammonia fertilizers in the natural gas and its production have reduced because of the increased prices associated with natural gas. The production has reduced by 35% and the ammonia production plants have reduced over with 44%. This has reduced the supply of ammonia gas in the US with many companies opting to import ammonia from other countries because it’s cheap.

Other producing countries especially in the Middle East have the lowest prices of natural gas. This is obviously going to have negative impact on the price of natural gas in the US.

According to Huang (11) the imports of natural gas in the Middle East and the North Africa have been limited to low capacity production. With the in prices being low the imports from these countries is more likely to affect the exportation of natural gas to the US. Although these countries do not produce ammonia fertilizers from natural gas, if they did they would have a large market share in Asia and China compared to US. The imports may also reduce because with sustainable natural gas production there is no need to import natural gas.

The countries that export natural gas in the US will have to find another suitable market because the imports will reduce drastically (Gene 138). This is because of the production of natural gas in the US. It is also going to affect the manufacturing industry because increased production would mean more employment and industrial production. Imported natural gas is clean. According to Gene (138) the production of natural gas would see production of by products that would boost the economy.

Summary and Conclusion Natural gas is used in large quantities in the USA with the household consumptions leading the usage followed by electricity generating. Natural gas household consumption include heating water, warming houses, cooking, powering fans, heating pools, ironing among others. For industrial use it is used as raw materials, powering industrial furnaces, running the air conditioners, incineration, waste treatment, dehumidification, petrochemical industries among other industrial use.

In the manufacturing it is as fuel in car, manufacture of ammonia based fertilizers, plastics and other materials. The reason why natural gas is preferred is because its environmentally clean, compared to coal. It also produces less sulfur dioxide gas and carbon and other particular matter. The discovery of unconventional natural gas reserves from shell formation has prompted the demand to increase. The emergence of the use of natural gas can be traced in years back although it was used in small quantities.

Over the years it usage has been increasing with the US being the largest user and importer. It uses natural gas in the residential places, transport sector, the industrial sector and the commercial sector. The increased uses have prompted the demand to increase and importing its gas from natural gas producing states like Russia. The statistics clearly show how US has been using natural gas with the population using natural gas increasing annually.

For residential use natural gas fluctuates seasonally with summer having the highest demand. On the other hand the industrial gas demand is determined by the economic activities. The market for demand of natural gas has evolutionised over the years after several laws governing the productivity, transport and pricing. The pricing is determined by the demand of natural gas in the US and the Middle East political stability.

The demand for natural gas is not likely to reduce over the years because of its environmentally friendly aspect. The United States is now becoming a net exporter as opposed to a net importer of natural gas due to the discovery of unconventional reserves.

The price in the US is determined by the market demand and the economic activity. From the research it is noticeable that because of its various aspects, natural gas is not competitive from other kinds of fuels. The production of natural gas in the US is likely to have effects. The demand is more likely to increase and so are the prices.

This would mean that imports from other countries may be reduced because they have their own sources. In terms of export however, this may reduce because the Middle East and North America produces natural gas that is of low price. The production of ammonia in the US has declined over the years because of its high price. Despite the fact that natural gas is being produced in the US, the price hikes has made it cheap and economical to import ammonia fertilizers from other countries.

Works Cited Gene, Whitney C. E. B. Energy: Natural Gas. S.l.: Thecapitol Net, Inc, 2010. Print.

Huang, Wen-yuan. Impact of Rising Natural Gas Prices on U.S. Ammonia Supply. Agust. 2007. Web. .

Nersesian, Roy L. Energy for the 21st Century: A Comprehensive Guide to Conventional and Alternative Services. M E Sharpe Inc, 2010. Print.

Ratner, Michael. Global Natural Gas: A Growing Resource. 22 Dec. 2010. Web.

Roberts, J. Paul. The Evolution of Natural Gas Markets. n.d. Web.


Why People Should Donate Time/Money/Energy to a Particular Organization, Charity, or Cause Argumentative Essay best essay help: best essay help

Introduction In our day to day lives, people are very busy in their careers or jobs and they tend to concentrate too much on them and a bit of personal lives. This is usually at the expense of giving back to the society through various means that are aimed at making the lives of the less fortunate in the society better.

Corporate social responsibility is a very critical aspect that should be emphasized among individuals, groups and organizations so that the lives of the less privileged or those suffering from a particular problem in our communities could be uplifted.

There are various reasons why people should volunteer or donate their energy, time, money and other resources to charities, non-profitable organizations and other causes. This piece of work looks into these reasons with much emphasis being given to why people should invest their energy and resources on Alzheimer’s Association.

Reasons why people should donate time, money and energy to Alzheimer’s Association Alzheimer’s Association is a cause whose main aim is to eradicate Alzheimer disease through combined efforts that aim at providing effective care and support to all those suffering from the disease as well as reducing the risk of dementia by enhancing brain health.

This is achieved through advanced research. Its vision is to have a world that is free from Alzheimer’s disease. “The Alzheimer’s Association is the leading, global voluntary health organization in Alzheimer’s care and support, and the largest private, nonprofit funder of Alzheimer’s research” (Anonymous Para 2).

Like any other charitable non-profit making organization, Alzheimer’s Association is a cause that really needs support from well wishers to keep it going, in its efforts to help individuals who suffer from Alzheimer disease. Disease is a problem that affects everyone in the society and people should therefore take part in helping out those suffering from Alzheimer disease as a way of appreciating the gift of good health.

There are various reasons why people should contribute effortlessly towards the achievement of Alzheimer’s Association’s goals and mission some of them being for individual satisfaction, the victims’ well being while others are for the good of the society at large. One reason is the fact that there is power in giving.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Giving is usually associated with the rich and wealthy but that should not be the case since it is an act that comes from the heart and not the pockets, without any expectations of getting something in return. Time alone is enough for instance sharing with and encouraging the patients suffering from Alzheimer disease and people should therefore donate towards Alzheimer’s Association.

This helps people to enjoy the process of helping as they see their efforts making positive impacts like bringing happiness to a person who is hopeless due to some problems for instance pain and suffering like in the case of Alzheimer illness. Donating to a cause helps build purpose in life and also improves ones sense of well-being through allowing for inner satisfaction. It also strengthens a person’s spiritual life and offer contentment and inner peace.

This is achieved through knowing that one sacrificed something no matter how little, to help people in need (LaMeaux par 4). People would be motivated to donate towards Alzheimer’s Association due to the fact that it carries out very essential activities aimed at helping the sick and in taking part in its activities through donation, people will have the inner satisfaction brought about by seeing positive change/impact they make on less fortunate individuals.

Donating to various causes also help an individual to be well versed with what happens around people who are less fortunate especially on matters of social injustice. This is so because as people think of engaging in charitable work, they tend to gather more information about the particular group for instance through research.

The will for instance know all aspects that surround Alzheimer’s Association more especially the patients. “This keep people informed of the social injustice acts carried out upon people and hence be in a better position to make positive moves by effectively challenging those responsible to take positive changes to situations in an effort to save lives and make life worth living for the affected” (LaMeaux Para 5).

Another good reason why people should support Alzheimer’s Association is because the act of volunteering is linked with various physical as well as social benefits. After people engage in charitable activities, they tend to have the urge to be more involved including devoting most of their time and skills, for instance in helping the people affected by the Alzheimer disease. This is deemed to help in enhancing ones social networks while at the same time gaining social, physical as well as spiritual benefits.

Tax benefit is another reason as to why people should donate to charities and non-profit making organizations such as Alzheimer’s Association. Although this should not be the driving force towards ones decision to donate, it is encouraging. This aspect of tax eviction allow people to pay less for all the monetary and non-monetary contributions and hence they end up providing more and hence helping those involved in a great manner unlike when tax could be imposed (GAO 4).

We will write a custom Essay on Why People Should Donate Time/Money/Energy to a Particular Organization, Charity, or Cause specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion From the above discussion, it is evident that it is worth donating ones time, money or even energy to a given cause for instance the Alzheimer’s association. People should take part in what is going on around them and support as much as they can. This is because these causes, organizations and charities have got positive moves and they aim at uplifting people’s lives in one way or the other, an effort that would not be possible without them.

There are also many benefits that are associated with volunteering and donations as stated above and people should therefore participate fully. Saving lives or even making lives of people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease worth living is a good act that should be encouraged among all individuals in the society to help eliminate the ordeal.

Works Cited Anonymous. “The Alzheimer’s Association”.

GAO. Vehicle Donations Benefits To Charities And Donors, But Limited Program Oversight. New York; DIANE Publishing, 2003. Print.

LaMeaux E.C. “5 Reasons to Donate to Charity”. GAIAMlife Web.


Historical Art: Classical Art and Cubism History and Comparison Essay college application essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Classical Art Period

Cubism Art Epoch


Divergence between the Two

Impact of Cubism

Works of Art and Artistes



Introduction Art history generally refers to the academic study of objects of art in history and their development styles. This study will examine several methods used by historians to answer questions that help them come up with data on various historical periods.

Art history began in the 19th century but with dating of the ancient past. The reason it had not been perfected earlier was that many people were illiterate. Art history as a discipline is a chronology of advanced styles of an object commissioned by individuals or public bodies in Western Europe. The works of art vary with time and across genres.

For instance, some works were done as a continuation of others using same styles while others were originally done by individuals. The two major ways that historians use to find information on arts are archaeology and the study of source texts such as recordings. The study of these arts played a big role in beginning of history as history means the study of man’s past events. This discussion will be based on two historical periods, classical art period and cubism art period (Harline, 1987).

Classical Art Period The classical period is simply the period of cultural history concerned with old civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The artists who were involved in studying this period were Johann Christian Bach, Ledwig Van Beethoven, Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus. This period is concerned with the study of music and its developments.

This art has strong linkings connecting the art and philosophy of old Greece and Rome. This style became as an advancement of the prior Baroque style (Murray, 2003).The classical style was mainly dominated by homophonic music whereby the melody and the accompaniment of the melody are studied differently.

This simply means that new forms of composing melodies were discovered to enable the transformation. The most important form of this style was the sonata and it continued evolving and advancing. In this period, the sonatas became different and better. This meant that it was possible for composers to survive in the industry of music without being employees of one party. Concerts were also done publicly as composers organized the concerts featuring their own music.

Cubism Art Epoch Cubism was a very influential art style whose artists were painters Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in France between 1907 and 1914. This style was mainly embarking on the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture plane. These painters did not depend on direct copying of objects but they painted paintings that presented fragmented objects.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The cubism period is further divided into two phases as each shows certain advancements. Construction of right angle and straight lines as some parts of the paintings appeared sculptural. Mandolin puts this by quoting Picasso, “At that time I painted a lot of musical instruments, firstly because I was surrounded by them and then because their form, their volume, came into the realm of the still life exactly as I wanted.

I was seeking a tactile, palpable space as I like to call it, and musical instruments, as objects have this characteristic that can bring them to life through touch” (Monod-Fontaine, 1982, p. 65). In the analytical cubism phase, color schemes were made monochromatic to suite the presentation of complex objects.

This also reduced the multiple views to opaque and transparent planes. The forms were also denser at the center of the paintings as they diffused towards the edges of the drawing papers. In the second stage of cubism technique, artificial cubism continued the concluding work and highlighted amalgamation of diverse appearances in the picture.

The new paintings made many people to start doing paintings in their homes as they painted walls. Dancers also used the paintings to decorate themselves and thus look better. The musical instruments were painted and this was mostly in churches and other religious organs that existed then. This style has remained in practice even to date and it was worthy to be continued on

Comparison The two periods, classical and cubism have various differences and similarities although they are all connected to historical art. Firstly, the two periods depended on materials and knowledge from their prior arts. The classical and cubism styles were only advancing on their prior styles. In addition, it is clear that both the artist of classical style and cubism style were in total control over what, when and where they produced.

They could record all what they came up with for future references and use. The two styles also had great impact to the society as people found the new techniques admirable and worthy (Harline, 1987). They also both contributed much to the field of art and made art popular among many people in Greece and other parts of the world. Differently it was seen that the classical period had greater impact on the society than the cubism style.

Many people got interested in music as the public concerts were done and thus classical period had influence on large numbers of people. The classical art was also important to some features in the community like the church were people could sing using the new orchestra instruments and with due time choirs were formed in churches. While the subject matter in classical art was music, the subject matter in cubism style was painting.

We will write a custom Essay on Historical Art: Classical Art and Cubism History and Comparison specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The aim of classical art was to make music better, romantic and publicize it while the aim of cubism art was to make paintings more colorful and admirable. In classical art more knowledge and time was required to make the process a success as compared to cubism period, which required more interest and observations. The classical period required knowledge on music while the cubism period relied on knowledge in paintings (Monod-Fontaine, 1982).

Divergence between the Two Cubism did not deviate from classical art, even though some differences can be observed. The two works of art had more in common as opposed to differences. What had changed was time, place and the influence they had in society. While classical was more promoted by political class, cubism was taken and understood as a major works of trade.

It had a well-established society and a lobby group as well. The lobby group ensured that the rights of artistes were guaranteed and that protection was offered artistes. On the side of influence, Classical art had more impacts to the lives of people because it was integrated to religious and socio-cultural life.

It did not deviate from classical period despite the difference of years between the two periods. This period was greatly appreciated and after it, no other period based on the technique of painting followed. People just did advancements on what had already been got in the cubism period. Other styles like the romantic period concerned with music. The dancers in performing in the concerts also began painting themselves to make good look (Harline, 1987).

Impact of Cubism Cubism had both positive and negative impacts to other works of art. Its styles and architectural designs shed some light to subsequent works, such as those of Surrealists.

Other artistes borrowed heavily from cubism. Another impact is that cubism gave rise to other competing artistic societies, which were determined to overthrow the existing style and establish a fresh design. Generally, in society, it can be concluded that Cubism brought about improved artistic designs and styles. It transformed the older works of art into something fairly simple and clear.

The type of art was later on associated with elites; those who could acquire them in society occupied high positions. Cubism period contributed greatly to the world of art by perfecting the colors and combination of different forms of the picture. The Fauve period that came later after cubism period relied greatly on this period. The Fauve period made more advancement like mixing of colors that were not in the cubism period.

Works of Art and Artistes Cubism was a 20th century ultramodern art faction, founded by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, that transformed European painting and figurine, and motivated allied groups in song, writing and structural design. The earliest division of cubism, referred to as critical Cubism, was equally fundamental and dominant as a squat but extremely important art society between 1907 and 1911 in France.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Historical Art: Classical Art and Cubism History and Comparison by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In its subsequent stage, artificial Cubism, the faction broadened and continued being imperative until about 1919, after the Surrealist group got recognition. In classical period of historical art, animal and human statues were made through carving.

The materials used in carving include the limestone, bronze and wood. Disco bolos which is a sculpture representing a person throwing a discus is an example of work of art in roman by Myron the artist. Other famous artists in classical period include the following Johann Christian Bach, Ledwig Van Beethoven, Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus.

Conclusion History art forms a great base of history as it entails ancient activities. As different periods came, better and new techniques were added on the works.

Each period relied on some information from the latter period. The classical era brought out advanced symphonic music that enhanced public concerts. In this period, many people were interested in music due to the concerts and the orchestra grew bigger than in the Baroque’s era. The cubism period perfected on paintings making them more decorative and new shapes that were better than the prior ones.

The two periods were relying on knowledge and materials from their prior periods. The two arts also made great impacts on the art field. Classical period for instance introduced the public concerts that are even valued to date. The two arts had different subjects they were interested in. classical period was interested in music while the cubism period was interested in paintings. The artistes in the two periods were also using different knowledge.

References Harline, C.E. (1987). Pamphlets, printing, and political culture in the early Dutch Republic. London: Springer.

Monod-Fontaine, et al. (1982). Braque, the papiers collés. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art.

Murray, C. (2003). Key Writers on Art: The twentieth century. London: Routledge.


Fastbikes Incorporated Case – OB Problem Solution Essay essay help

Fastbikes incorporation is a company which was doing well but of late it has been facing some serious problems. Joe Brown needs to take some drastic measures to ensure that his company does not close down. The fact that his most experienced mechanic wants to leave the company, clearly indicates the lack of motivation in the company. Motivation is what drives people to do their jobs effectively and this is important for Fastbikes as the employees need to be motivated for them to put more effort in their job.

Fastbikes Inc. needs to motivate its employees for example by increasing their salaries, giving rewards to the best employer of the year, offering hardworking bonuses among others. If the company does, it will encourage them to continue working for the company with dedication without being tempted to go for higher paying companies especially during the difficult economic periods.

In addition to the impending circumstance of lack of motivation, it is worthy acknowledging that most of the employees have been working in this company since it began and this can create a great discouragement particularly if they have been contributive to the growth of the company to the level it is and at some point their grievances are not considered.

This scenario also shows some negligence by the management since it is usually a failure to listen to the grievances of the employees by the management that such effects like the available de-motivation are realized. This point is justified by the fact that salary matters are serious as far as employees are concerned and that most employees particularly those who have been working in such a company for long, would first air out their grievances before they decide to move away from the company.

Joe therefore, as the owner of this company needs to work out a serious assessment and come up with new management criteria in a matter of urgency to ensure that the future of this company is promising.

The sales of Fastbikes have taken a nose dive because the sales people are not motivated well enough. Joe Brown must reward those sales people who are doing exceptionally well in their jobs so that those who work hard will see a tangible evidence of appreciation for work well done.

The act of rewarding employees is a major boost to the employees’ morale and it goes a long way in encouraging people to put an extra effort to their tasks [.], when people are rewarded for their effort they will feel appreciated and in the case of Fastbikes Inc sales people will push sales of motorbikes to a greater levels which will mean more income and consequently more pay for employees and company will meet its obligation with ease (DuBrin


Abolish the Death Penalty Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The death penalty is a controversial topic that continues to elicit a lot of debate in the contemporary society as it did in ancient civilizations. Several questions have been raised regarding this topic, for example, should we abolish the death penalty? or, does death penalty violate man’s fundamental right to live? Whenever the issue of death penalty comes, opponents and proponents stand up to defend their positions.

One side says deterrence, the other side says the possibility of killing an innocent person. One side says fairness, the other side replies retribution, and punishment claims are met with ‘killing is murder’.

Whatever side of the debate we explore, it is plain that the death penalty is a denial of the basic human rights as it contravenes the right to life as stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as stated by the UN. The death penalty is the ultimate form of cruelty, inhuman, and demeaning act that can ever be perpetuated on an individual.

Since court sentences and punishment are meant to be a disciplinary act, then a death penalty contradicts the law itself as it does not give an offender a second chance at reform. Besides, various studies have proved that the death penalty does not deter future offenders from committing the same crimes that would lead to a similar penalty, therefore, the death should be banned in all countries.

One of the arguments that has always that has always been used to defend death penalty is deterrence. The notion that executing persons who break certain laws will deter persons from engaging in similar crimes sounds convincing, besides, deterring any form of crime is for the good of all of us.

However, the jury is still torn whether this form of punishment actually deters crime as a number of studies have shown that heavy punishment does not necessarily imply deterrence. Should we give the death penalty to prove that we are serious? Does a criminal mind ever consider the existence of a death penalty? No. Studies indicate that unless executions reach a certain level, crimes that warrant the death penalty may continue unabated.

Most death penalties are normally given to persons that commit murder. However, behavioral studies have shown that most murders are normally committed in response to strong feelings of passion or anger, or by persons who are under the influence of alcohol or drugs who act impetuously.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For this reason, they do not act rationally and do not think of the consequences of their actions. Giving such an individual a life sentence does not really help him and instead amounts to another murder. The Merriam-Webster defines murder as the “unlawful killing of one person by another, especially with premeditated malice”, going by this definition, it becomes plain that a death sentence is in itself another execution. The only section of the definition that supports the court’s act is the unlawful part.

The death sentence is normally full of flaws and inconsistencies, this claim arises from the number of persons that have been released from death row after additional inquiries into their crimes.

Besides, we know from research supported by the strongest and most accurate figures that the death penalty is applied with impartiality. It is a matter of race and socio-economic status; lower-class people are represented by overburdened or incompetent lawyers while rich criminals hire well paid lawyers who present a competent and well organized defense and are frequently let off the hook.

This finding means that innocent persons are executed by various legal systems around the world. Does it not seem if the state takes away an innocent person’s life, then it should also meet the same level of punishment as the criminals? Does this risk not surpass the benefits of death penalty that may exist? Should we permit issues such as the death penalty to harm the very values and beliefs that our dear nation was established on?

As we continues to give death penalties to persons accused of various crimes, we are setting a very bad example for our children. We spend a significant amount of time teaching our children on the sanctity of life at schools or other institutions, yet we justify the death sentence arguing that it will reduce crime levels. This is very hypocritical of society. Evil cannot be an answer to evil. If it wrong to take away a life, why does the state contradict itself by executing others? The death penalty must be abolished immediately.

Conclusion Despite opposition from various quarters, our legal system continues to mete out the death penalty. This must stop since the death is a violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as dictated by the United Nations, besides, the death penalty does not deter offenders from engaging in crimes that would lead to this sentence.

Persons that commit murder, for whom the penalty is frequently given, normally act under the influence of alcohol or drugs or act impetuously and should be given time to reform rather that delivering them to the hangman, the legal system itself is full of flaws and inconsistencies that block the exercise of justice to suspects. Finally, death penalties sends a poor message to our children as they grow up with the notion that evil is paid with evil.

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“The Tale of the Wife of Bath” by Geoffrey Chaucer Analytical Essay essay help online

Through the narration of the Canterbury tales, Geoffrey Chaucer, the author, explicitly highlights the private life and behavior of the characters. For instance, from the General prologue and The Tale of the Wife of Bath, the reader is able to describe the Wife’s personality, physical appearance, and biography.

From her body appearance, though at old age, the Wife of Bath appears rich, sexy, and extravagant, which can tell more about her youthful days. Her clothing portrays her wealth; she has expensive footwear and stockings. Therefore, her mode of dressing portrays a modern woman well versed with the current fashion trends in her society.

Furthermore, the coordination or combination of her clothes and the color of the stockings (scarlet), which originates from a very rare dye that is not only expensive, but also extracted from red beetles. Thus, her physical appearance is both attractive and appealing to the eyes. Although age is catching up with her beauty, she tells how she used her body to extract money or gain wealth from men. In addition, her behavioral conduct presents her as a jumpy or cheeky but talented woman who can go an extra mile to achieve her personal goals.

The other most fascinating element about the Wife of Bath is her personality. Her moral character raises eyebrows; besides getting married to five men, she uses their sexual desires or weaknesses to force them accept her proposals. She is both a sadist and a wicked human being because when her fourth husband dies, she pretends to be mourning yet in her heart, she is extremely happy.

Moreover, she is joyful because she has a chance to get married to her fifth husband. When telling her experience, she is neither remorseful nor angry about her previous way of life. Though emotional, she confesses that her lust for wealth and sex always pushes her into seducing rich men. On the other hand, she admits to have loved her last husband who was youthful, abusive, and not rich as the others.

Despite being talkative, she intelligently has a way to succeed in a society that discriminates against women. She uses her wits to access wealth from men eventually becoming independent while her adventurous character enables her to travel all over the world. Therefore, the wife’s of bathe is an all round woman with dynamic attributes like wicked, liar, talkative, successful and intelligent.

Through her tale and prologue, the reader is able to outline denotatively the biography of the Wife of Bath. She was born, brought up, and married in England, a rich country. At a tender age of twelve, she got married to an old man. The marriage did not last because she married the second, third, fourth, and fifth husband. Her talent in dressmaking enabled her to have an expensive wardrobe.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is no much description about her family or children but her pilgrimage career enabled her to travel to different parts of the world thus she has current information on different parts of the world. Although she is extensively involved in pilgrimage activities, she has a contradictory view about the patriarchal society especially on the teachings about marriage. Finally, through her husbands, she was able to gain a lot of wealth, which ushered her into success and independence as a woman.

In summary, the Wife of Bath has a diverse personal attributes ranging from intelligent to wickedness with an appealing physical appearance and from her description or autobiography, she is an expensive, independent woman from England.


Advocacy: Action, Change and Commitment Essay essay help: essay help

Introduction Advocacy according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) context is defined as the use of efforts that affect the political climate, plan and programme verdicts, as well as public opinions or social beliefs. This context also defines advocacy as financial determinations, community aid and involvement in an issue.

This is done via a set of well-designed actions carried out through a group of dedicated individuals or corporations working in a performance. It simply entails exploring the environment, identifying the agenda, defining partners, lobbying assistance of decision makers, developing allies and constituent building.

Advocacy according to UNFPA heavily depends on mass media, group and interpersonal communications. The common targets of advocacy include policy makers, several decision makers, spiritual leaders and those managing access to substantial resources such as the media (Henderson


Should We Begin to Think About What We Eat? Research Paper essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Research Findings

Literature Review


Works Cited

Introduction Processed food has existed prehistorically yet in the form of very traditional practices like salt preservation, steaming, and sun dying etc. Countries like America and Europe had persisted in the use of the traditional ingredients originated from the earliest immigrants of England and Scotland.

However, after the industrial revolution these practices metamorphosed and took the form of more sophisticated, technological practices. Increase in the fertilized land in America led the farmers to grow more corn and hence corn became a fodder for the livestock and the by-product started being used for whisky and thereby an era of food processing begun (Steven, Mintz).

With the industrial revolution, new ingredients were being discovered. These included chocolate, sugar and coffee etc and could not be consumed raw. Hence the new techniques of food processing developed including the vacuum bottling technique for tinned food and the concept of canning as proposed by Peter Durand in 1881.

Further, the more significant discovery came from Louis Pasteur in 1862 when he advanced the idea of reducing the amount of harmful pathogens in the food that may cause certain diseases and taken further by introduction of sterilization that aimed at killing this bacteria completely (Steven, Mintz).

Moreover fuelling the chemical processing was globalization, which escalated the early 19th Century. Cultural and ethnic pluralism meant a more diversified variety in the eating patterns hence the emergence of fast food industry and ethnic cuisines became a prerequisite for food processing. Apart from the early immigrants from England and Scotland, more and more Germans, Italians and Africans came to America and so this demanded more varieties in the food being offered.

The changing economic state of Europe and USA in specific and the evolving lifestyles and cultural and political values of these countries contributed towards the emergence of convenience food. Food then became a political and cultural identity. Also, a proliferation of different ethnicities meant that more and more varieties of seasonal fruits had to be made available in all seasons.

Hence food processing took the form of spray drying, freeze drying, artificial sweeteners, and colouring agents. Therefore, the dried soups, tinned vegetables and canned fruit juices became common ration items on the American kitchen shelves. The trend has had a tickle down effect globally whereby a stage was set for massive trade in convenience food.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The study aims to examine and closely scrutinize the proposed advantages of processed foods and the concerns that outweigh these possible advantages.

Pasteurizing and (UHT) Ultra Heat Treatment with the use of preservatives and antioxidants has brought about a new era of food sustainability and the food colorants and artificial sweeteners have introduced massive variety in food, incorporating the previous era of mass production and at the same time facilitating mass customization in modern era of individualization in demand.

Marketers have massively benefited from the introduction of such genetically modified foods. However, the social and personal costs to the human body and society are unprecedented.

According to the British watchdog, National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), processed food causes 4000 deaths annually in Britain alone. The damages to organs in animals and in humans include cancers, allergic reactions, nervous and immune system discrepancies and behavioral problems amongst many (Szwarc).

The study aims to identify and analyze these challenges of food processing and the concerns that have plagued the society since they have been practiced. The purpose of the study is to incorporate the advantages and disadvantages of food processing and refine my current understanding of processed foods and its detrimental consequences on the users. Hence the topic under study holds relevance to our society and will further strengthen the case against processed food.

Research Findings This convenience has measurable benefits which extend to both the consumers and the marketers, in the form of increased sustainability of the food which enables perishable items to be marketed, distributed and used over a longer period of time and the incorporation of modern lifestyles to the meal preparation allows individuals to face less stress. Thus as mentioned above, it allows for mass customization to achieve competitive advantage in the food industry.

For example, the use of food processing has allowed producers to incorporate and produce various varieties of the same food to target certain niches in the market. The removal of toxins ensures that the food remain fresh and does not become stale as quickly as fresh food does especially in the case of baked items. The use of salt and sugar as preservatives avoids foods from growing moulds or bacteria and hence the increase usability of tinned and canned dried food items (Szwarc).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Should We Begin to Think About What We Eat? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Food processing also includes heat treatments like UHT (Ultra Heat Treatment), spray drying, simmering and baking etc. The heat treatment makes proteins more digestible and food healthier for those with weak immune systems and also the elderly. Hence the UHT milk, despite its potential disadvantages, is healthier for those who want to gain weight and similarly, heat treatment helps kill bacteria which maybe otherwise harmful (Szwarc).

Moreover, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in USA claims that the food which is canned or frozen as soon as it is harvested, can be have more nutrient value than fresh foods (Szwarc). This is to say, that these food items, if frozen or canned immediately after harvest, have less chance of contamination or of catching bacteria in the air. Further, research also shows that Lycopene present in tomatoes are better digested when cooked, and so are carotenoids in colored vegetables which make the case for processed foods much stronger.

Doctors also medically recommend them as part of the anti ageing treatment in women (Puristat). Furthermore, cooking foods like poultry, minced beef and eggs is essential to remove the most dangerous bacteria of all, salmonella. This bacterium is known to cause severe food poisoning, allergic reactions and even death. Most prone to these dangers are pregnant women, children and the elderly (World Health Organization).

Further extending the debate is the dangers of genetically modified food, which is also a form of food processing. The distortion of DNA in natural foods not only harms their nutrient content but also the taste of products. This process was initiated in the early 1900’s to address the food shortages. However, it involves certain ethical issues as well. The genetically modified potatoes contain lectin, which is dangerous for the intestines. However, efforts have been made to mitigate the effects of these GM crops and seeds (Puristat).

However, on the other hand, processed food has gained considerable criticism because of its detrimental consequences on human health. Processed foods typically contain Trans fats which are declared by a nutritionist from Harvard, as “the biggest food processing disaster in the US history” (Reader’s Digest). Trans fats alone have caused 30,000 to 100,000 deaths due to heart diseases each year in the USA and the reduction of trans fat in the diet can reduce the risk for heart diseases by 53%.

They are essential ingredients for coconut oils, lard etc. (Reader’s Digest). Another harmful ingredient is the refined grains which can increase the risk of heart diseases by 30%. Processed foods like soups, soya sauce, and fries contain high amounts of sodium, access of which can be detrimental for the health (Reader’s Digest).

Furthermore, the use of certain preservatives like nitrates causes asthma, vomiting, and headaches. Nitrous acid can be cancerous and the use of benzoic acid in carbonated drinks, margarine etc is known to cause severe allergies and even death.

The use of sulfur dioxide reduces Vitamin B and hence the nutrient content of apples and bananas or any other fruits that have the tendency to become brown when exposed to air. Antioxidants like BHT (Butylated Hydroxytoluene) and BHA are also harmful for the nervous system and major organs including the liver (Puristat).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Should We Begin to Think About What We Eat? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In case of artificial colourings that are used most extensively in food industry are derived from coal tars. There are more than a thousand flavourings used in the world today and al of them is originated from the coal tars. Hence countries like Norway have banned the use of food colourings in food industry because of the debilitating nature of its origin.

While on the other hand, artificial sweeteners are known to cause hyperactivity and bladder cancer. They are also known to cause behavioral discrepancy as shown in the study in the literature review. The use of emulsifiers like propylene glycol is skin toxic. Flavorings including monosodium glutamate cause frequent mood swings depression and chest pains (Mayo clinic Staff).

Hence this shows the amount of psychological and physiological damage that processed food can cause harm to humans and animals. So from an ethical perspective, I believe processed food should be banned or at least some components used in it like Trans fats should be banned and the world should go back to organic food.

Literature Review The use of red colored dyes in foods has been researched and analyzed by Shuji Tsuda, who talks about the toxic nature of this colorant in food industry. The study aimed to experiment on 4 groups of pregnant mice and male mice in Japan and their organs including liver, kidney, and stomach were closely scrutinized for study after the use of amaranth. It showed a considerable amount of DNA damage in the bladder, stomach and colon of these mice.

Although, the nature if the study is controversial in terms of the experiment conducted on animals, yet the study provides valuable insight. The use of these colorants in foods including jelly, custard, biscuits, and strawberry mousses or beverages is commonly consumed my masses. Hence the prolonged use of this colorant can cause damage to the vital organs of human body which stipulates the harmful nature of processed foods.

The article, Chemical Food Additive Exposure during Pregnancy, composed by Richard Pressinger in 1997 further illustrates the drawbacks of processed foods.

The article highlights the traditional use of food colorings through natural plant and vegetable components prior to 1950’s and how this has changed intensely to include an augmented use of chemicals, which are detrimental to human body after the industrial revolution. Apart from the measurable harm caused to human body, these chemicals are known to cause behavioral disorders as well.

Children develop attention deficits and hyperactivity with the prolonged use of such colorants and hence 20-50% of the children developed improvements in these two behavioral aspects after the removal of these colorants in their food intake. The use of all colorants, not just the red colorant as proposed by previous research, is known to cause learning difficulties in children if taken excessively during pregnancy (Pressinger).

The Study by Mayo Clinic Staff discusses the various advantages and concerns of using artificial sweeteners as part of the processed foods. Whereas one gram of tabular sugar has about 4 calories, artificial sweeteners have no calorie content. Hence it is an important proponent for loosing weight especially in the case of diabetic patients.

As these are not carbohydrates, they do not cause the sugar level to rise. Further, they do not cause tooth decay as compared to tabular sugar. However, they also have certain disadvantages. Research has been conducted on rats, as mentioned and explained above, and resulted in the positive relationship between artificial sweeteners and bladder cancers.

Thus for decades, they have been a cause of concern of general population as well as the health institutions like the WHO. However, newer study negates this relationship and makes artificial sweeteners safe to consumer, because of the controversial nature of these sweeteners, the use must be regulated by the FDA in USA (Mayo clinic Staff).

The research paper on the adverse effects of acryl amide in processed foods shows the amount of danger these products so readily available in the markets have. This antioxidant is present in fried chips, breakfast cereals, and potato chips etc, products, which are easily available in all supermarkets and are highly consumed by the people. The concentration of this antioxidant in foods has been a source of concern for the international health institutions like WHO (World Health Organization), Swedish National Food and the European Union.

The research demonstrated that this antioxidant is known to cause cancer on the experimented animals and so posed the same threat to human body as well. Individuals consuming high amounts of it are more prone to cancer than individuals whose intake is less. Further, research showed that turmeric, which is a natural traditional ingredient in many foods, acts as an emulsifier to acryl amide. It neutralizes its harmful effects.

And so the traditional Indian dish “Aloo Paratha” which contained acryl amide in potatoes and also contained high amount of turmeric, was found to be very healthy as with the introduction of turmeric, the adverse effect got eliminated. So it shows that the traditional ingredients are far healthier than the processed food and it makes my case against processed food stronger (Nadu).

Conclusion Considering the above given argument, I believe that processed food should be banned or at least some of its most harmful ingredients should be prohibited. The harmful components in processed foods including the Trans fats and excessive sodium inflict a social cost to the entire society, and the harm inflicted to a human life is unprecedented.

Hence it is not an ethical practice to allow processed food industry to thrive as one of the most profitable businesses around the globe, despite a wide awareness of its detrimental consequences. Alternative ways of food preparation should be incorporated and organic food should be made more readily available to adapt to the changed life styles and food patterns of modern day consumers.

Works Cited Mayo clinic Staff. Artificial Sweeteners: Understanding these and other sugar substitutes. 2010. Web.

Pressinger, W, Richard. “Chemical Food Additive Exposure during Pregnancy.” Pediatric Neurology (1978).

Puristat. Digestive Wellness Center. 2006-2011. Web.

Reader’s Digest. Health: 4 Most Harmful Ingredients in Packaged Foods. 2011.

Steven, Mintz. Food in America. 2011. Web.

Szwarc, Sandy. Junkfood Science. Processed foods aren’t real food. 2007. Web.

World Health Organization. Salmonella. 2011. Web.


Management and Organizational Behavior Essay (Critical Writing) college essay help online

Table of Contents Emotional terms

Group and decision-making

Motivation and Job satisfaction

Impact of emotions and moods on customer service

Group formation models

Decision-making strengths and weaknesses

Teams in organizations

Managers and teams

Emotional terms The three major emotional terms incorporate “affect, emotions, and moods”. Affect refers to assortment of feelings people experience. Emotions are deep feelings directed to some source. Conversely, mood refers to prevailing general attitudes. It is usually less intense contrasted to emotions and may usually lack contextual stimulus.

Affect is evident in the form of emotions or moods. Emotions culminate from specific events and last shortly, whereas the cause of moods is unclear but last for moments, or infinitely. These phenomena are similar since they involve body arousal with an influence on behavior. On differences, emotions are usually action oriented while moods are cognitive. Moods differ from emotions in magnitude and sources realms.

Group and decision-making The last group formed was in a biology project. Class members had to segregate themselves into groups and decide on which projects to undertake. The lecturer required each group to investigate and emerge with a single useful biological project. The techniques involved in coming up with a desirable project initially started by proposing several feasible projects. Each affiliate researched on a project of interest. Secondly, each project was reviewed from all aspects.

Consequently, elimination based on feasibility, importance, cost, and ultimate impact on the coursework was done. Finally, decision occurred on the project, which appeared lucrative enough. My input to the group helped in forming devoted group mates. Concurrently, it helped in the aspect review of each project proposal with a great influence on decision-making.

Motivation and Job satisfaction Managers should emphasize staff motivation more than job satisfaction. This is because motivated employees execute better than their non-motivated fellows do. The ensuing productivity is improved leading to elevated job contentment. Motivated employees strive to perform better with positivity.

Their creativity and self-esteem is boosted leading more desire to offer their best. Job satisfaction depicts the exact output of workforce. It thus pegged on the real performance elicited by the workers. If managers can strive to motivate their subjects, the job satisfaction they aspire will obviously knock.

Impact of emotions and moods on customer service Emotions, which purchasers relate to the available services, enhance pleasure. People availing consumer services usually focus on influencing clients’ emotions optimistically. Notably, this is tenable when customer service providers develop tactics to improve the emotions of purchasers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moods together with emotions impinge service delivery and capability of clients to memorize the services. Affirmative feelings and emotions enhance satisfaction whereas the less constructive ones hinder happiness with services provided. Emotional comments relates to this concept since individuals sentiments and disposition regularly manipulate others when they share surroundings. Emotional, behavioral, and public phenomenon amplify opportunities for transmitting one’s emotions to others.

Group formation models Group creation in any entity follows five models. The first is “Forming,” which incorporates the group members joining themselves with relentless efforts to know each other. Consequently, they form the desired group, which is destined to construct a single objective. Second in the list is “Storming.” At this phase, the group lacks organization with members focusing on various posts while sabotaging group processes.

The characteristics of the stage involve silent chaos with every group affiliate holding divergent opinions. Formation of sub-groups is also rampant at this stage, where gangs emerge against one another. The third is “Norming,” where group cohesion comes arises; furthermore, each affiliate agrees on how the group will operate. There is undisputed concurrence on the group issues as differences diminish.

Fourth is “Performing,” which entails the group’s affectivity and determination to complete goals. Every affiliate participates in the group’s activities with full devotion. This stage indicates the triumphs of group’s destiny. “Adjourning” is the end phase, which incorporates a planned termination of the faction engagement. The warnings against the use of these models include the inability to measure the socialization process. Equally, they only describe typical individuals but neglect people with extreme traits.

Decision-making strengths and weaknesses In groups, complete ideas and understanding, which are necessary for making better judgments, arise. Regularly, participants conform to the solutions attained thus encouraging collective implementation of the solutions. Further, commitment and inspiration by participants in judgment process escalates the ownership of resolutions thus easy execution of plans. Additionally, authenticity of decisions made is encouraged and persons will adhere to solutions.

Conversely, group decision making consumes significant proportion of time as participants engage in lengthy discussions to arrive at resolutions. Again, participants face demands from others thus buy their opinions while reducing opportunities for weaker people to speak. Notably, decisions made in groups also suffer from ambiguity since participants share responsibility in implementing resolutions without identifying persons answerable for the outcomes.

Teams in organizations The use of teams in firms is popular due to lucrative outcomes attainable. Individuals vary in numerous aspects and when converged, each entity will donate a distinctive contribution, which could have been missing if they were operating alone.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Management and Organizational Behavior specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This incorporates varied talents, innovations, and many virtues that augment the organizations performance. Concurrently, teams always commit to certain goals, which become everyone’s prerogative to ensure its accomplishment. In this context, each member endures to offer his/her best to meet the desired goals.

Additionally, tasks are handled enthusiastically while embracing specialization and dissection of labor. Lastly, an organization can easily unveil the distinctiveness in each individual for proper utilization. It is imperative to assert that triumphant organizations emerge due diverse efforts contributed by employees; however, embracing teamwork is evident to uphold prompt results and improved turnovers.

Managers and teams Managers require skills to uplift their subjects to become team participants. They can show their strong passion for teamwork by making it a norm for employees to execute their duties. This increases the likelihood of individuals recognizing the norms of their organization. They can organize workshops to train workers on teamwork benefits. This means that each employee acquires the self-esteem required to embrace teamwork.

Having informal sessions with employees to explain that they must support one another is not an exception. Additionally, managers also need to identify behaviors, which undermine teamwork and streamline activities. They should direct the firm by example through participating in teamwork without prejudice. Each employee can partake, and feel the unity of the workforce through organized forums. Concurrently managers can also guarantee incentives to enthusiastic team players.


The March to the Monteria’ and ‘The Factory ship’ Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Worker based

The worker’s plight



Introduction There are various platforms that are created by art for the various artists to give their view. One of such platforms is the novel writing. Like in many other artistic products, the themes, styles and topics in different novels are comparable. This is due to common forces that push ands inspire the author into production of the various works. An ideal example is the comparison between The March to the Monteria and The Factory ship. This paper is a brief analysis of the various common themes and styles that these two novels have.

Worker based The basic common agenda that is possessed by these two novels is the use of the worker as the base of argument. The two authors have chosen their characters well with the main characters being persons in the employment industry being either the employers or the employees.

However, the plight of the worker is more dealt with the daily pains that he has to endure being brought out. The march to the Monteria has chosen characters from the plantations. The daily ups and downs that the workers in plantations go through are brought out. On the other hand, The Factory ship has got its characters being chosen from the marine workers. The author explains the life of a marine worker with the challenges that he endures.

The worker’s plight A man has to go through many struggles in an effort to make ends meet. This is the point that is being delivered through Celso the main character in the march to the Monteria. The hardworking character hardly gets to enjoy the fruit of his labor. First his tenure savings in one plantation goes without his enjoyment as he gives it to his father’s creditor.

He does not give up but rather moves to yet another contract where malicious claims are laid against him so as to bind him in the working environment. He is bailed out yet he is entitled to lifetime labor to cleat out the debt. All these are things that are beyond the control of Celso.

On the other hand, the life of the marine workers in The Factory ship is a tragic. The maneuvers of the merchants and the vessel owners leave the marine workers with les to do to lift themselves out of the harsh conditions.

Style The other common item in these two novels is the styles that the authors have used. Both the authors have carefully chosen the words that are used in the novels to include the terminology that is common in the fields that the novels are based in. the march to the monteria has a lot of jargon that is common in agriculture while and The Factory ship has words that are specifically meant for the marine life.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Also the sequence of activities is in order. This is against the tradition that many authors take of presenting recent information before the historical information. While the march to the Monteria was written in English, The Factory ship English copy is a translation.

Conclusion The two books have a lot of item that are common and others that are different. However, it is evident that the many themes that are presented in the novel have a lot of common agenda that make them comparable. To be precise, the plight of workers is clearly brought out in both the novels.


Fiscal and Monetary Policies Term Paper college essay help near me

Table of Contents Introduction

Monetary and fiscal policies in the USA during great recession


Works Cited

Introduction Fiscal policy is defined as “government’s program with respect to the purchase of goods and services and spending on transfer payments and also with respect to the amount and types of taxes” (Samuelson and Nordhaus 3). The difference between monetary and fiscal policy is that monetary policy is implemented by the government whereas fiscal policies are designed by the national government.

The government of the United State of America is tasked with the responsibility of managing the economic pace, stabilizing of prices and provision of employment. This is achieved mainly through fiscal and monetary policy. Fiscal policy involves the determination of taxes and monetary policy involves regulation of money supply.

Monetary and fiscal policies in the USA during great recession The government of the USA since the great depression of 1930 has been constantly involved in efforts to find suitable monetary and fiscal policy that will stimulate growth and contribute towards the stabilization of prices.

Monetary policy in the USA is the jurisdiction of the Federal Reserve Bank. It is achieved through the varying of interest rates to either reduce or increases demand. During periods of recession, the interest rate is reduced by the relevant authority to trigger an increased money supply.

Monetary policy is a significant tool widely used during times of recession. Unlike the fiscal policy that is directly under the armpits of serving government, the monetary policy is an independent action of the Federal Reserve which is an independent entity (Policies 1).

The impact of fiscal and monetary policies during the period of recession can be analyzed using the duration analysis. This (duration analysis) models the probability that an event is likely to occur like recession (IMF 116).

Among the monetary measures undertaken during recessions are the interest rate cuts. This however might have limited impact in the times of financial crisis like the one experience during the 2008 unlike fiscal policy which is likely to reduce durations of recession that emanate from financial crisis.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This fiscal policy is achieved through government acting as the last spender. The 2008 recession led to large decrease in consumption rate in households. The fact that the recession was synchronized left limited chance of recovery. The decrease in the consumption rate in the USA resulted to decline in external demand for other countries.

Fiscal policies have been considered the best measure that can cure recession. According to Keynes, fiscal policy solves the real problem. Among the fiscal policies implemented during the great recession are;

Boosting aggregate demand; despite this being identified as one of the policies to be implemented, during the great recession, there has been lack of unanimity on how the aggregate demand can be pushed. During this period the government enlarges its spending with increase in unemployment, cushioning of the jobless and the poor.

This period is characterized by the decrease in tax revenue due to the limited economic activity. Increasing the aggregate demand among the households and the businesses is also another measure that the government undertakes to curb recession. To increase investment the government of the USA provided direct aid to states and firms in form of grants and loans (Tcherneva 4).

In 2008, the government of the USA increased its expenditure, in the era of G. Bush; the injection of government spending was in the purchasing of non performing assets from the balance sheet of ailing banks, despite being carried by the Federal Reserve it was a fiscal policy since Federal Reserve can not purchase private sector liabilities unless ordered by the congress.

The government also injected a lot of cash to the general Motors and the Citigroup besides nationalizing the insurance company AIG. This was aimed at stabilizing the balance sheets of these banks.

President Obama also implemented another fiscal policy referred as American recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This program appropriated $787 billion and $288billion in tax cuts and benefits to both individuals and families. It also supplemented temporary assistance to poor families with emergency funds.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Fiscal and Monetary Policies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The above policies could not effectively deal with the recession. This is because the measures by the government where not in tandem with what other players did. It happened that when the government increased spending, firms, household and states reduced their spending. Also this had the short term effect of solving the recession since it did not boost the net output.

This government measure was short term since it did not fulfill the desire of the policy makers which was to create employment. The short term effects of these policies were that they helped solve the economic recession by achieving the short term intentions (Tcherneva 5).

The long term effect of ARRA was the creation of employment. It was argued in the Romer-Bernstein report that without the ARRA, the unemployment rate could be as high has 9% and with a strong fiscal policy it could have made it 8%. The reality on the ground was that unemployment was hovering around 10% which was a record high and exceeded the (natural) rate.

The ARRA helped the economy get out of the crisis since it enhanced spending on health care, unemployment and infrastructure. The stimulus package as it is known was aimed at promoting investment and consumer spending

These fiscal policies have not targeted creation of employment but instead interested with the economic growth which is argued could have been the other way round. This was contrary to what Keynes advocated for; this was a direct job creation and not government spending which was short term (Baumol and Blinder 31). The following graph indicates how the global recessions led to massive unemployment in the USA.

Figure 1

Among the monetary rates implemented by the USA during the recession included the following

Cutting the interest rate; the federal reserves’ response to the inflation was to cut the interest rate by up to 500 percentage point. This was implemented by the federal open market committee (FOMC). Although this was unconventional way but it was considered a viable option for cutting the inflation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Fiscal and Monetary Policies by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Increasing liquidity in banks; this was done after the collapse of the Lehman brothers. This however was not substantial to curb the crisis since despite the presence of ample liquidity in banks, there were still concerns about bank capital and its assets and hence credit risk could limit the ability of banks to extend credit, this left companies without any specific sources of funding.

This was implemented through the introduction of exceptional long term operations and also through modified discount window. This was aimed at breaking the shortfall of money supply and also to lengthen refinancing operations (Katkov 27)

The Federal Reserve also introduced the policy of term action (TAF) and the term securities lending facility (TSLF). This was aimed at providing liquidity to wider parties. Lastly, the Federal Reserve introduced the policy communication which was aimed at improving its communication with the markets.

The effects of these policies were that banks improved their lending capacity; this had the effect of creating a higher risk of defaulting and two banks could charge a high interest rate to enable them offset this risk (Janus 17).

The increased supply of credit would prove dangerous to the economy. The practice of commercial banks lowering interest rates led to an increase in money supply in the market and also increase demand for investment goods. The fall in interest rate is only a temporary measure, Ricardo also argued that increased domestic money will act as an austerity measure that will excite the common citizens but will not provide a solution to the problem of recession (Ricardo 266)

Conclusion The policies that were used by the Federal Reserve were considered unconventional and were only aimed at achieving short term objectives and quickly arresting the recession. The long term measures were not considered and hence still places the United States at a higher risk of experiencing a recession due to its inability to overcome another recession. There is a need for long term solutions.

Regarding to the fiscal policy, several scholar and economic commentators have described them as just austerity measures which were formulated to solve the short term issues. The provision of employment which is considered a long term issue was not adequately addressed.

The increased government spending can not in any way contribute to economic growth. The creation of employment is considered the long term plan which can provide permanent solution. Yes both policies helped mitigate the recession but they did not factor in the long term solutions.

Works Cited Baumol, William and Blinder, Alan. Macroeconomics: Principles and Policy. New York: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.

IMF. Crisis and recovery: World economic and financial surveys, World economic outlook. New York: Prentice Hall, 2009. Print.

Janus, Jakub. The monetary policy response to the late 2000s recession in the United States. Macroeconomy, 2010. Web.

Katkov, Alexander. The great recession of 2008-2009 and Government’s role. Johnson


Odysseus Heroism Essay essay help online free

Table of Contents Faith and Religion in “The Wife of Bath”

The Prince: Machiavellian Philosophy

Similarities between Quran and Analects

Works Cited

Wily Odysseus emerged as a hero in the poem, “Odysseus Strings His Bow”. He fought in many battles that cost him separation from his family. He did not give up until he was re-united with his family. At first, he was the king of Ithaca, an implication that he possessed excellent leadership skills.

In the course of his life at one time Odysseus fell in love with Helen’s cousin Penelope. Penelope bore him a son whom they named Telemachus. He was afraid that this would be known and to cover for the same he pretended to be insane. His scheme was discovered by Palamedes who placed his child (Palamedes’) to find out if really Odysseus was insane. It was expected that he (Odysseus), being insane, could harm the child but he did not. This led to a conclusion by the others that he was not insane (Historylink 1).

Odysseus was also a brave and clever warrior. He formulated the trick of the great wooden horse to give victory to the Greeks. This idea brought an end to the war of Trojans and Greeks which had taken a period of ten years (Historylink 1).

Odysseus had left his wife Penelope who had faithfully waited for him till he came back. She had made promises to him that she would wait for him. Penelope had made all efforts to avoid marrying another man. At the time of his return, many people believed that Odysseus was dead (McIlvain 1). He was a hero because he had for himself a very faithful wife.

More about This Topic What prevents Odysseus from killing the sleeping Cyclops? 5 242 Which events are part of the road of trials in Odysseus’s heroic quest? 5 77 What motivated Odysseus to reveal his name and put his men in more danger? 5 38 What does Odysseus do on the island of Cicones that best shows the trait of leadership? 5 132 The long away stay of Odysseus made people think that he was dead. A group of men took over his palace and had even tried to date his wife. One of the suitors, Antinous wanted to kill Odysseus’s son who was meant to be the next prince. Telemachus had made efforts to get these people out of the palace but they overpowered him (Notes 1).

On his way home, Odysseus encountered many gods on the way. Some of the gods such as Poseidon had issues with Odysseus. Athena was the one who pleaded with Poseidon to let him go to his home Ithaca. Odysseus was famous even to the gods who had heard of his victories: “When he identifies himself as Odysseus, his hosts, who have heard of his exploits at Troy are stunned” (Notes 1).

Odysseus finally made it to his home. Surprisingly, not even his wife could recognize him, apart from his nurse, Eurycleia. Odysseus was angered by the condition of his palace. Maids went to sleep with suitors at night. Athena a god asked him to stop his anger and appreciate what he had: wife Penelope, son Telemachus and the palace (McIlvain 20).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Odysseus made a long conversation with his wife Penelope who could not recognize him. She told him of how much she missed her husband. This was where the nurse recognized him as he cleaned his feet. The nurse recognized a scar that was on his feet but Odysseus’ look stopped her from telling Penelope (McIlvain 19). He was a hero because he made it to have a long conversation with his wife ensuring that she did not recognize him.

Penelope then decided to put up a contest. She said that the man who would be able to string Odysseus’ great bow and fire it through a row of twelve axes would become his husband. She chose this contest because only his husband Odysseus had been able to do it. Odysseus had not revealed his identity. He looked like a beggar all this time. The beggar, Odysseus asked for the bow to try. Antinous mocked him. Surprisingly, he effortlessly stringed the bow and sent it through the axes (McIlvain 21). This skill was a character of a hero as well as outdoing all other men.

More about Odysseus Heroism Why Does the Cyclops Invite Odysseus Back to the Island? 5 165 Who is Tiresias in the Odyssey? 5 80 What are the major conflicts in the Odyssey? 5 777 How many suitors in the Odyssey have taken over the house? 5 26 Odysseus in anger turned against Antinous and the maids and killed them. Finally, Penelope was reunited with her husband after revealing to her that he was Odysseus. He was a hero because he could do anything to achieve his goal (McIlvain 22). He was re-united with his wife because of one special skill of using a bow. He convinced his wife Penelope that he was Odysseus by telling her about the bed he had made from a still rooted olive tree which was only known to him (McIlvain 24).

Faith and Religion in “The Wife of Bath” This poem was based on Christian values in marriage. The poem was derived from the Bible; 1Corinthaians 7:1-9. Behaviour of women was described and outlined by Christian traditions. Christianity guided morals in the society. The speaker told of how marriage was for her. Since she was 12 years of age she had been married five times in church. All the men she married were well up and had inherited wealth (McIlvain 1).

Marriage in this context was based on Christian values. One was only supposed to wed once: “That since Christ went never but once, to a wedding, in the Cana of Galilee, that by that same example he taught me, that I should be wedded but once” (Benson 1).

The tale teller also used the Bible to justify her multiple marriages. She used some examples like that of Jacob, and Abraham and claimed that they were saints but never had more than one wife. She said this in a tone of persuasion. The tale teller narrated her experiences using Biblical quotes:

Lo, here the wise king, dan Solomon, I believe he had wives more than one, As would God it were lawful unto me, To be refreshed half so often as he! What a gift of God had he because of all his wives! (Benson 1)

We will write a custom Essay on Odysseus Heroism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Christianity was the basis of morality. Those who were able to uphold the moral standards were very few. There were two characters that played different roles in the church, the pardoner and the Summoner. They were corrupt. The pardoner was the one received those who had sinned while the summoner was responsible bringing the sinner to the church. The summoner had committed a crime that he accused others for.

The poem was made of instances of preaching so it could teach on faith. The preaching was made of rules and texts from the Bible. The preacher could explain the Biblical principles to the audience who had little knowledge about the scriptures. These teachings could thus explain the moral theories of this society.

Further Research What’s the Role of Phemius in the Odyssey? 5 264 Which excerpt from part 2 of the Odyssey best supports the conclusion that Odysseus is clever? 5 238 Who is Calypso? 5 48 Why Telemachus murdered the maids and Melanthius? 5 31 In this story, the pilgrims were knowledgeable in that they knew the basic rules that are laid by the Bible from the sermons they heard in church. The pardoner used many supporting scriptures to justify immoral behaviours of the drunks. He quoted people from the Bible such as Herod, Lot and the sins they committed in their drunkenness. The pardoner was very corrupt in that he used scriptures to justify his immoral actions.

The tale described faith in Christianity. It said that those who lived in chastity were following Christian teachings. Those people would always sing a new hymn. This was a call to perseverance in whatever one went through. The most important thing was to obey God’s commands so as to make it to heaven.

The Prince: Machiavellian Philosophy “The Prince” story was written by Niccolo Machiavelli. He dedicated his writings to his grandson on how to maintain power as a leader. His advice was his philosophy. He had previously been a leader of Florence in Italy. His experiences with Politician Cesare Borgia were ruthless.

He drew his writings from his leadership skills. This was because the tactics he used in to rule people at that time worked out for them. His message was on how his grandson could protect himself as a Prince. Maintenance of power was his main interest. Machiavelli had been accused of conspiracy which led to his imprisonment. This was when he wrote this story, “The Prince” (Amazon 1).

Firstly, Machiavellian offered his philosophies on how to retain power as a prince. In the first chapter, he recommended imitation of the style and techniques of rulers who had previously made it to rule over their territories (Amazon 1). He described two types of states, Republics or Principalities.

Principalities included new and hereditary principalities. His perspective was that it was easier to govern hereditary states because those who were ruled by the state family were familiar with the ruling of the prince family and the subjects would always love the ruling family unless they misbehaved (Notes 1).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Odysseus Heroism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Secondly, as a Prince one was supposed to limit the freedom of citizens (Amazon 1). Princes were supposed to have dominion over weak surrounding states. The prince was also supposed to weaken the strong states. He believed that the weaker states would always naturally support the stronger side and thus the prince power would not be at threat (Notes 1).

The prince was supposed to have a strong military force that was made of local people and not foreigners. He thought that foreigners could not be trusted. Skills in leading the troops were very essential for the prince (Amazon 1). This would secure the Prince’s power.

He also believed that a prince was supposed to use violence, trickery and insincerity to gain his political interests. On this, he recommended that a prince was not supposed to use these tactics unnecessarily (Amazon 1): “It makes him (ruler) hated above all things, as I have said, to be rapacious, and to be a violator of the property and women of his subjects, from both of which he must abstain” (Amazon 1).

He said that a prince was supposed to increase the wealth of the state by whichever means whether good or bad. The reason for this was so as to ease the burden of paying taxes to his citizens (Amazon 1). Plundering of enemy’s money or treasury was one of the tactics if an opportunity presented itself to him. However, his advice to the prince was to increase taxes if need arose to maintain his state.

The prince was also supposed to strike a balance of generosity to the citizens. Doing according to the will of citizens was an important tactic of maintaining ruler ship; but the prince was not supposed to always follow their wish (Amazon 1). To guard against crime in his state, the prince was supposed to have punishments which could suit the criminals fairly.

More on the Topic What Excerpt from Part 2 of the Odyssey Best Establishes Odysseus’s Weakness? 5 461 Which Greek values are found in The Odyssey? 5 487 Why The Odyssey is an epic poem? 5 38 In the Odyssey – Amphimedon, what motivates Odysseus to dress as a beggar? 5 144 Very harsh punishments were not recommended because they could trigger hatred of citizens to the prince. On the other hand, if little punishment was given to great criminals, people would complain and probably overthrow his kingdom. He put it that it was better for people to hate the prince other than to love him, but his actions was supposed to avoid people’s hatred (Amazon 1).

The Prince was supposed to appoint court officials who were trustworthy and able to tell the truth without fear of offending the ruler. However, they were supposed to serve for the ruler’s interest (Amazon 1).

Similarities between Quran and Analects The Quran and The Analects are used to guide moral principles in societies. Quran is used as a holy book for the Muslims and Analects of Confucius are used by the Chinese. The two books guide the believers on how to live a good fulfilling life.

The two books uphold good morals. Everyone who follows the rules and guidelines set by them gets a reward. The Qur’an recommends moral values including “genuineness, sincerity, modesty, peacefulness, compassion, justness, tolerance and forgiveness” (Yahya 1). Analects of Confucius have moral teachings. The Analects encourage people to love each other. People are not supposed to mistreat each other. Leaders are not allowed to show selfishness to other people (Ross 1).

The two books encourage people to treat each other in a fair manner. People are supposed to treat others as they would like to be treated. The Analects advocates for the following:

If what you don’t want for yourself, you shouldn’t do to others, and then you would like others to do for you what you would indeed like for yourself…If you desire to establish yourself, then establish others. (Ross 1)

In Qur’an, righteousness demands one to spend for the sake of love of other people. The Qur’an encourages that people should treat each other with respect irrespective of their social standing (Ipaki 1).

Good things follow those who obey the rules and laws set by the two books. In Analects, a good leader was easily obeyed even without having to use force on the people. The bad leader without good morals could not be obeyed even if he gave orders to the people (Ross 1).

Both books honour human life. Violence is discouraged in both the Quran and Analects. Killing of the innocent is prohibited in the Quran.

If someone kills another person, unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth- it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind. (Ipaki 1)

More about This Topic What does Mentor do for Odysseus in the Odyssey? 5 63 Which excerpt from The Odyssey best shows that the ancient Greeks greatly valued the idea of home? 5 268 Which excerpt from the Odyssey best demonstrates the importance of perseverance in Greek society? 5 119 What are some of the apparent values in the Iliad and the Odyssey? 5 98 Confucius said that a good government does not need to kill. Having good example in leadership would help people to obey the rules (Ross 1).

The two books uphold morality above all other things. The conditions and situations in which one is subjected to should never corrupt his moral values. In Analects, “The Gentleman doesn’t worry about pay, profit, or poverty in comparison to Morality” (Ross 1). In Quran the emphasis is on avoiding the wrong, “A good action and a bad action are not the same. Repel the bad with something better” (Ipaki 1).

Goodness is connected to ritual in Analects (Ross 1). In Quran, if any deed is not for Gods pleasure, the deed becomes unrighteous. All good things done for other people should have their intensions in pleasing God (Ipaki 1).

The two books condemn stealing and support acquisition of wealth in the right way. Analects say, “Everyone wants wealth and rank, but can only get them in the right way” (Ross 1). Violence was never supposed to be the means of wealth acquisition. The Quran condemns mischief and the corrupt people are subject to a curse (Ipaki 1).

Works Cited Amazon. The Prince. Cumming study Guides. Web.

Benson, Larry. The wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale.Harvard, 2008. Web.

Historylink. Odysseus. History, 2004. Web.

Ipaki. Righteous Deeds. Ipak. Web.

McIlvain, John. The Odyssey. Leasttern, 2004. Web.

Notes, Spark. The Prince. Spark Notes, 2011. Web.

Ross, Kelley. Confucius. Friesian, 2011. Web.

Yahya, Harun. True wisdom described in the Qur’an. Harunyahya, 2011. Web.


“Picture This” the Novel by Joseph Heller Analytical Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Joseph Heller’s implications


Introduction The novel “picture this” by Joseph Heller is more or less written in relation to Rembrandt’s painting the Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer which in1961 was sold to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The themes that Heller actually focuses on are those of war, money and government. Another important aspect that he looks at is that of justice and just how much it lacks in the ancient democracies.

Joseph Heller’s implications Heller however mentions that Pericles was intolerant of written critism just like all the great leaders of democracies who were proud of their freedom of expression. He goes on to say that, he would have excoriated the press had it been there.

This in other words implied that given the role of the media which to this day is to monitor the activities of the government, Pericles having initiated a war did not want the interference of the media in his affairs. The Peloponnesian war which he initiated and made inevitable is what the media was shedding light on hence infuriating Pericles.

The writer, given the era in which this novel was written viewed war as a rather in inevitable act. The more land a nation conquered the better, since this was a way through which they could create an empire. Towards the end though, Joseph Heller tries to bring out the moral of the story which is that wars are pointless as well as destructive.

This is according to the previous experiences in wars which in most cases led to the loss of a huge number of lives as well as property. This loss of property in a particular nation would lead to an escalation of another war for it to be able to steal enough from its victims. He also tries to illustrate that very little can be solved via violence and war, in other words he proposes that diplomacy should be applied in order to avoid unnecessary loss of lives and property.

If Pericles had the audacity to mention that he would do something irritating had the press been there, clearly shows that this leader was rather irrational. More so, it seems like war and violence was a way of life during the seventeenth century all the way to the Second World War.

Significantly, we get to note that diplomacy did not have a chance of taking root during this time given the “culture” of violence that these ancient societies were used to. It was only after the devastating Second World War that the stupidity of violence was eradicated by the introduction of diplomacy amongst nations.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In his novel, Joseph Heller tries to bring out the aspect that most of the leaders of the then “democracies” did not abide by the principles of the democracy. Principles such as every individual has a right to life and that everyone within a territory had a right to freedom of expression were just but a fallacy to win over leadership positions.

Therefore, Pericles was following on the footsteps of his neighboring nation’s leaders as well as his predecessors in suppressing the rights of the individuals in his territory. According to Joseph, he did this by barring the media from criticizing his actions which included his fuelling of the Peloponnesian war.

From the above quotation, Joseph reveals that history has a way of repeating itself. This is as a result of the various wars that have been taking place from time to time over the same reasons. Hence, he goes ahead and mentions that this must be stupidity given the consequences of war are never positive.

Heller in his novel discloses that there have been pointless cycles of greed by the previous as well as the current leaders in the various democratic states. This is somehow accurate given that he was comparing in writing the different periods in history when these activities were taking place.

In another instance, Joseph is explains just how these leaders are proud of being heads of democracies yet they do not implement the principles. “Excoriating the press” are such strong words which mean that the leaders would do anything possible to do away with them which in most cases will be getting rid of them entirely.

We should also bare in mind that the barring by Pericles and other democratic leaders of the media to voice out their concerns or publicize their activities is more like denying the citizens their right to information. The media represented the voice of the millions and therefore, the leaders of these democracies were rather too greedy and ignorant to let the media do their work.

Conclusion In brief, Joseph tries to imply that democracy is an ancient ideology that only became dominant with the fall of the Berlin wall. But in ancient times, the leaders did not care at all about the principles that democracy upheld given that most of them inherited power anyway. Therefore, important institutions such as the media had no or very little to contribute in the politics of the day.

We will write a custom Essay on “Picture This” the Novel by Joseph Heller specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More


United States’ Foreign Policies to Egypt and Libya Foreign Policies before Uprisings Essay essay help free

Table of Contents Foreign Policies before Uprisings

Foreign Policies after the Uprising

Differences between Previous and Current Policies

Future Foreign Policies

Works Cited

Foreign Policies before Uprisings The United States have always enjoyed a cordial relationship with Libya and Egypt before the turmoil. The previous administrations the U.S. had very sound policies towards the two States, which were meant to strengthen ties.

The U.S. government never came up with policies projected to force the leaders of the two States to be accountable. Insisting on things like democracy and liberalization of the economy could anger the leaders of these States and hence straining the economic ties. The U.S. supported Libya in its endeavors while the United States benefited from reduced fuel prices.

The U.S. government protected Libya from the angers of the reformists and other aggressions from outside. The autocratic leaders were supplied with weapons from the American arms industries. The American engineering industry benefited from the relations because it reaped maximally. The government of the U.S. avoided any conflicts with the two States since such conflicts can interfere with the multilateral relations.

The U.S. companies marketed the products from Libya and supplied the Egyptian industries with facilities such as machinery needed for production. The relations between the U.S. and the embattled States before the uprisings can therefore be termed as peaceful and cooperative. The relations were mutual since the two parties benefited, though the U.S. benefited more.

It is argued that there is no common government at the international system. States are more concerned with their self-interests. The U.S. supported the two countries because it benefited from such support. States at the international system exist according to the Hobbestian state of nature.

The international system is anarchic meaning that the mighty States, such as the U.S. subjugates the lesser ones. States at the international system have not yet formed a Leviathan, which is a common authority in charge of overseeing the affairs of all States. Libya and Egypt were supported by the U.S. only because of one reason, oil. After the uprisings, things changed.

The U.S. swiftly changed and demanded accountability from the leaders of the two States. This was aimed at preserving its image at the international system. The United States is always depicted as the image of democracy. It is not surprising that the U.S. voted for the decision at the U.N. Security Council authorizing the imposition of the no-fly zone to Libya. The U.S. foreign policies towards these states were inspired by economic motives.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Foreign Policies after the Uprising The U.S. can bear Mubarak’s and Kaddafi’s defeat because it is uncertain Egyptian ruling leaders as well as Libyan autocrats will refuse to continue operating within the American precincts. Certainly, they will grip to the Washington’s lap. It is equally cynical that the military council managing Egypt at the command of the ruling class will lead the state in a way acceptable to the employees and students who ousted Mubarak.

It was sending a warning to the leader of the military council, Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, who served faithfully at Mubarak’s regime in ruling Egypt for years. The insurgents observe that while the tyrant is departed, vital features of the stretched repression are expected to stay put.

Washington is contented with the progress so far. What the United States cannot accept is a public rebellion in a State inferior to the U.S. that demolishes the established state machinery and starts edifying a fresh radical government devoted to throwing out the entire traces of the previous imperialist authority.

When Nicaragua attempted it, Uncle Sam instigated the Contras. After Cuba made it, the U.S. is still harsh to its little neighbor for proclaiming sovereignty from its Yankee overlord, 52 years afterward (Grimmett 76). The concern is whether the Egyptian citizens will be contended when fresh provisions are made in some months to come.

In Libya, the U.S. of late has taken a more active position as opposed to the time when the uprising started. It has joined other major powers in condemning the outraged Libyan government for assaulting innocent citizens and committing crimes against humanity. The U.S. forces have so far been deployed to the region to check any terror activities that might crop up in the course of the uprising.

Differences between Previous and Current Policies The U.S. before the uprisings had friendly policies that were meant to entice the leaders to dispose of oil products at fair prices to the people of America. The U.S. supported all forms of governments in the region without considering their political responsibilities. Things have so far changed.

Every leader wishing to take over power is assessed carefully to determine whether he will abide by the rules and regulations of the United Nations (Bret 21). The current governments must be accountable and responsive to the needs of the people. It can be summarized that, while the policies before the uprisings were cooperative in nature, the policies after the uprisings are full of conflicts.

We will write a custom Essay on United States’ Foreign Policies to Egypt and Libya Foreign Policies before Uprisings specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Libyan autocrats are no longer protected because the whole world is now keen on the activities taking place. Supporting totalitarianism will be contradictory to the U.S. principles. For that reason, the U.S. is calling upon the leaders to liberalize the economy and ensure that basic human rights are adhered.

Future Foreign Policies The U.S. policies in future will have to be tactful since the incoming governments may come up with new strategies to lockout the U.S. from oil proceeds. The secret agents are working out a formula to ensure that friendly leaders take over power in the two States. The leaders are expected to support the United States in the U.N. Security Council and its quest to achieving national interests.

The future foreign policies will be all encompassing and inclusive. The U.S. will come up with future policies after scrutinizing the idiosyncratic variables, that is the behavior of leaders and the institutional or governmental variables, implying the governmental institutions such as the civil service and the executive.

Future foreign policies will be shaped by the aftermath of the uprising. Should governmental powers land to the hands of the Islamic radicals, the U.S. will be forced to come up with more radical policies to counter the influence of the group. This could be one of the setbacks for the U.S. government.

Works Cited Adams, Chris. “Libyan rebel leader spent much of past 20 years in suburban Virginia.” McClatchy Newspapers, 2011. Web.

Bret, Stephens. “The Libya mission was never about regime change.” Wall Street Journal, March 2011. Web.

Grimmett, Richard. “The War Powers Resolution: After Thirty-Six Years.”, 2010. Web.

Gutterman, Steve. “No UN mandate to attack Gaddafi forces: Russia.” Reuters, 2011. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on United States’ Foreign Policies to Egypt and Libya Foreign Policies before Uprisings by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kareem, Fahim. “Rebel leadership shows signs of strain in Libya.” New York Times, 2011. Web.

Youssef, May. “Anti-Gaddafists Rally in London.” Al Ahram Weekly, AlJazeera, 2005. Web.


Colorism as an Act of Discrimination in the United States Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Introduction Colorism is an act of discrimination in which people are treated differently in accordance to their skin color. This practice began during the slavery period where dark skinned blacks were forced to work in fields while the lighter-skinned blacks were forced to work as house helps. Many years down the line, it is true to everyone that the lighter skinned were thought to be the best and got better treatment in different fields of life such as at work and in school.

Colorism is then a situation whereby one color is considered first while others follow. Many people believe that the light-skinned people discriminate against the dark skinned people. It is unbelievable that color means a lot in jobs, education, and income and in relationships. In addition, the light-skinned females are considered first in any offer all other persons. Consequently, it comes that the upper class are the light-skinned, mostly women and the lower class are the darker skinned, mostly men.

In the United States, colorism is one of the practices that have remained since centuries ago in the slavery period. The blacks were discriminated against the whites. In the United States, colorism has resulted to different classes of people. Colorism has advanced since then and it can now be seen happening between different colors in the society. In addition, this practice has grown in the whole world and each human being has the fate of colorism but the big problem remains on whom to blame (Hall, 2008).

Discussion History of colorism

Skin color discrimination began during the slave trade. Slaves were transported from West Africa through the Atlantic Ocean to America where they worked in farms of the Europeans. This in its own was a form of color discrimination as the light skinned Americans could not be engaged in the hard labor.

The dark skinned Africans who were enslaved and were the ones to do the heavy duties on the farms. The Europeans did not want to make the Americans work since they looked at them as being closer to them in terms of skin color. This kind of colorism traced to a number of centuries ago (Hall, 2003).

Africans suffered a lot because of the whites. At that time, the Americas were under control of the Europeans. It is very clear that colorism began in America and that is the reason it is in real practice in the U.S. to date. In the fields, there was specialization of labor.

The Specialization led to the categorization of workers into two groups where we had the field workers who remained in the fields cultivating and digging and the house-helps who worked in the houses of the field owners (Johnson, 2003). The fieldwork was considered more hectic than any other work in the farms.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While assigning employees different works, color was the key factor that was utilized. The dark skinned Africans had to work the hard way in the white farms as the light skinned worked as house helps. The reason for the latter was that the light-skinned Africans were more similar to the slave owners while the dark skinned Africans were thought to be threatening. As time went by, the light skinned Africans had a better socio-economic life as compared to the dark skinned Africans who remained poor (Hall, 2008).

Colorism in America (light versus the dark) As seen earlier, it is evident that the United States is one of the nations that have a long history on colorism. This began with the slave trade and slavery. Blacks were captured from Africa and taken to the U.S to work in the farms of the Europeans. In the “brown paper bag test,” that was used to examine discrimination, Africans and Americans were examined and it was revealed that the blacks were discriminated against.

It was found out from the research that in the job market, colorism was highly prevalent. The results of the research showed that a light-skinned woman with a bachelor’s degree is likely to be shortlisted for a typical job than a dark-skinned woman with a master’s degree in a given field and with long experience in the job.

The criterion followed in this case is not expertise but which color. In colleges and universities, leaders in the organizations are mostly light skinned and even as selection of those joining various institutions is conducted, color plays a key role as the light skinned join the best colleges and universities. The dark skinned with no option join lower class institutions that experience racial differences (Shrage


Race in Ancient Egypt Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Race describes classification of human into distinct groups by considering factors such as heritable phenotypic characteristics or geographic ancestry. It is influenced by such traits as appearance, culture, ethnicity, and socio-economic status of individuals.

Race in ancient Egypt In the Ancient Egypt, there was minimal consideration in terms of race. Majority of population were black individuals, while the entire world was devoid of racism. Importantly, the dark skin was never seen as a sign of being inferior, this being depicted by the entire artworks from the ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome.

Civilization originated from Western countries, when the European powers colonized Africa in the nineteenth century. This resulted to the introduction of numerous adverse effects within the black community.

The black pharaohs sprang from African civilization that had flourished on the southern banks of the Nile, and reunified and filled the landscape with glorious monuments. Western scholars began to pay attention to the skin tone of Egyptian individuals, as they viewed the blacks as being primitive and inferior compared to the white explorers.

It is believed that all ancient Egyptians, from King Tut to Cleopatra, were black Africans. They ruled Ancient Egypt for thousands of years, after conquering non-black rule and accomplishing numerous tasks. Moreover, the stability of Egypt was always restored by the black leaders from the south.

Ancient Egyptians had no racial distinctions between their populations, and they acknowledged and depicted the distinct differences that existed between themselves and the Libyans, Asiatic, Persians, Greeks, and Romans. Due to race infiltration in Egypt, majority of the black people were under-educated and denied the facts that spelled out the true history of Ancient Egypt, achievements of the black population, and their original works and practices.

This was being spearheaded and promoted by the Europeans and Arab invaders. Racism affected the research process and findings, as most of the findings were only attributed to the whites, including their works. Moreover, various artifacts and certain achievements by the blacks were changed to depict the whites as being supreme.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The black population was regarded as having no influence on development of early civilization in Egypt, although they had the greatest influence in majority of the developments that had taken place in the ancient times. Racism was distributed across generations of teachers, students, and the public through misinformation of various known facts that described true black Africans. Ancient Egypt was full of numerous artifacts that existed from the ancient times.

These were made and designed by native Africans and later discovered by the white explorers who came as a result of colonization within Ancient Egypt, including the discovery of seven large stone statues of Nubian pharaohs, various portraits of blacks that were changed to depict white supremacists and so on. Majority of the occurrences, artifacts, and discoveries were turned round because of the existing racism to depict the strengths and achievements of the whites at the expense of the black population in ancient Egypt.

Conclusion Ancient Egypt faced racism because of the introduction of civilization after the process of colonization in the nineteenth century, when the whites promoted oppression of the black population in terms of education, information, and the general achievements that had been brought by the black Africans. This led to majority of the achievements, works, and artifacts and so on, that were done and accomplished by the blacks being linked and notated to the whites.


Should Cigarette Smoking be Banned? Argumentative Essay essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Arguments against the Issue

Arguments for the Issue




Introduction Cigarettes are made from tobacco leaves. Use of tobacco started in Central America around 6,000 B.C. After 5,000 BC, the Mayan community started chewing and smoking tobacco leaves. They also used it for medicinal purposes in healing of wounds. Later on people invented pipe smoking which was followed by manufacturing of cigarettes in the mid 1800’s (Smoking, 2010).

Many people smoke cigarettes to lighten up and enhance their concentration at places of work. This essay will discuss why smoking of cigarettes should be banned from the society.

Arguments against the Issue Smoking cigarettes helps people to relax and get better concentration. Mental illness symptoms such as anxiety and Schizophrenia are alleviated by smoking (Russo, 2011); this has been medically proven. Smoking cigarettes helps in socialization as it sets the mood of a smoker into being jovial.

Governments obtain huge amount of money from cigarette manufacturing industries in form of taxes. These industries also create employment opportunities for many people. Banning of cigarette smoking would mean loss of thousands of jobs as well as revenue for the government (Fix, n.d.).

Smoking cigarettes helps in weight management due to the reduced appetite induced in the body by cigarettes. Therefore, smoking is a good and effective weight loss aid (Auctions, 2010).

Arguments for the Issue Smoking cigarettes is one of the major causes of deaths. About 443, 000 people die out of cigarette smoking related illnesses in the U.S. every year (CDC, 2011 ). Cigarettes contain many harmful chemicals; it was found that cigarettes have more than 4,000 chemicals. Most of these components are known to cause cancer.

Smoking is known to cause lung cancer, bladder cancer, stomach Cancer, kidney cancer, cancer of oral cavity and cancer of the cervix. Ammonia, Tar and Carbon Monoxide are found in cigarettes and are very harmful to human body (Society, 2010).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cigarette smoking has great effects on reproductive health. It is known to cause infertility, still births, low birth weight and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In addition, it affects the bones by reducing their densities. Hip fractures in female cigarette smokers are higher than in female non smokers (CDC, 2011 ).

Discussion Banning of cigarette smoking would come with many benefits. First people’s health would be improved. Health benefits of stopping to smoke are more than the emotional or psychological comfort that are brought by smoking. Banning cigarette smoking would be of great benefit to the young people.

Those in their thirties, in terms of age in years, would still benefit from the reduced risks caused by cigarettes. Old people who would wish stop smoking cigarettes would not be late to do so. Banning of cigarette smoking will be beneficial to all smokers regardless of their age (Society, 2010).

Many cigarette smokers are at higher risk of being infected with different types of cancer. These include: “Lung, Larynx, Oral cavity, Esophagus, Kidney, Cervix, Bladder, stomach among other cancers” (Society, 2010, p. 1).

Smoking induces stress. A research in London showed that a group of people who stopped smoking had reduced stress than those who had continued to smoke after one year; this was because those who continued to smoke greatly depended on cigarettes.

A smoker is more prone to be stressed if he/she is not in a position to quench a thirst for smoking therefore failure to smoke will subjected smokers to stress (Benson, 2010). Banning of cigarette smoking would therefore reduce stress levels in people. Peer groups will be made of non smokers. People will look for other ways to cope with stress and anxiety other than smoking.

Economic burden on countries will be reduced by banning of cigarette smoking: “in the year 2000, 8.6 million people in U.S suffered from at least one chronic disease that was associated with cigarette smoking” (CDC, 2011, p. 1). Majority of these people ailed from more than one of the diseases caused by cigarette smoking (Society, 2010).

We will write a custom Essay on Should Cigarette Smoking be Banned? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Though smoking cigarettes creates employment and contributes to government’s revenues, it causes more harm than good. The quality of life led by cigarette smokers is lowered. Furthermore, their quality of work is decreased because they might not attend to their duties regularly in extreme cases of being affected by ailments caused by cigarettes (Society, 2010).

Banning of cigarette smoking would eliminate exposure of the human body to harmful substances. Tar is carcinogenic. Nicotine is the addictive substance in cigarette that causes mental and emotional dependence on cigarettes (Society, 2010). Nicotine also elevates cholesterol levels in the body.

Carbon Monoxide takes oxygen from the body of the user and this may cause Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (Netdoctor, 2005). Banning of cigarette smoking will reduce the above risks which are the main causes of poor health in cigarette smokers.

Reproductive health of people will to some extent be guaranteed by banning of cigarette smoking. Tobacco related infertility in women and impotence in men would be no more. Risks of miscarriage, premature births and still births would be reduced thus saving lives of babies (Society, 2010).

Conclusion Cigarette smoking is a major health challenge. It causes many health problems including reproductive disorders, cancer, stress, heart diseases and stroke. Banning of cigarette smoking would largely benefit people’s health.

References Auctions, G. (2010). Advantages and Disadvantages of Smokinng. Web.

Benson, J. (2010). Smoking increases stress levels. Web.

CDC. (2011). Smoking and Tobacco Use. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Should Cigarette Smoking be Banned? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Fix, W. Should Smoking be Banned. Web.

Netdoctor. (2005). Smoking Health Risks. Web.

Russo, J. (2011). Health Benefits of Smoking Cigarettes. Web.

Smoking, H. (2010). The History of Smoking. Web.

Society, A. C. (2010). Cigarette Smoking. Web.


How Realism Is Brought Out In “Slumdog Millionaire” A Novel by Vikas Swarup Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Introduction “Slumdog Millionaire” is a novel that was written by Vikas Swarup. The novel was later filmed because many people had showed a lot of interest in the book. Swarup in his novel portrays the adventures of Ram Mohammad Thomas, an orphaned and uneducated waiter from one of the biggest slums in Asia.

Ram was found piled up with clothes that had been donated at the Delhi church in Mumbai. He was adopted and raised up by the priest who was later murdered. Ram wins a billion rupees on a quiz show where he answers twelve questions. He later ends up being taken to jail accused of cheating in the concert. Ram meets a lawyer, Smita Shah to whom he explains his fortune in answering the twelve questions.

He says that all questions were based on his own experience in life and that is why he found it easy answering all the twelve questions. Ram portrays how the best man wins with only little luck. All the adventures of Ram are seen to be real as they can be depicted in real life situations.

Some of the aspects making the novel to seem real are its connection to the Indian society and the story fairy tale elements. There are other ways in which realism has been brought out and with this the discussion shall be aimed at proving the reality in the novel (Singh 68).

Discussion Vikas Swarup has used various styles in his work that make it realistic. His way of organizing his work is also in a way that brings out realism in a very clear and simple way. His descriptions of the characters are also supporting factors to bring out realism in his novel. This realism in the novel is what made it popular and made it to be filmed so that many could access the written work. The ways in which realism is brought out in the novel are as analyzed below (Smith 50).

(I) Realistic fiction Setting and half truths

Setting of the novel makes it seem real. The story begins in jail cell in Mumbai, India, where Ram Mohammad Thomas is a hostage after he was arrested by the police with accusations of cheating. Ram has never been in school and yet he is a position to answer the twelve questions with prowess.

Although later he explains to the lawyer how daily life experiences played a role in helping him answer the questions. It is not easy to belief that Ram is uneducated and yet he can answer the questions and outdo educated people in the concert. The author reflects Ram’s history which is so amazing. It began when Ram was found in a clothes donation box rolled in the clothes and he was a small baby. The clothes were in the Delhi church (Dammer and Albanese 90). He was adapted then and orphaned until he was a grown up.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He was later employed by a Bollywood star and later he also worked as tour guide at the Taj Mahal. These episodes seem to be half true to be believed as they often happen in real life situation. This makes the story interesting and makes it seem more real than creative. The setting as seen earlier is also depicting real life scenes that people know and thus makes the work of Vikas Swarup seem more real (Connerney 78).

Plot twists and coincidences

The plot of the story is twisted as Ram was a young child and his future life and how he misses education. Ram recounts his entire prior story before going next to another episode.

Also the bad encounters are brought after the good episodes that seem to brighten Ram’s life. For instance, when he is raised up by the priest, he hopes that the priest will help him to get a job. The priest later is murdered and Ram hopes are to avail. When Ram was found rolled in donated clothes in the church, this was a coincidence because maybe the clothes would have been taken to other destinations.

Later it is a coincidence that Ram Mohammad Thomas is a position to answer questions just because he had experienced a life that would make him knowledgeable enough. It is a big coincidence that all the twelve questions in the concert are known by Ram who missed out on formal education. These coincidences and the plot twists on Ram’s life make the story to be perceived as more real rather than creative (Singh 67).

Theme of good versus evil Whenever Ram opts to meet a better life a catastrophe strikes contrary to his expectations. Ram hopes that he will be helped by the priest who raised him as a young child. The pastor was too good for Ram and he views him as his savior. The worst happens when the priest is murdered by a person who was hired to do so.

This makes Ram’s future doomed and he loses focus. Later when he is working as a waiter, he participates in the concert and answers the twelve questions (Smith 137). He is very happy that he has won large sums of money but to his worry, he is arrested and accused of cheating as the police even accept that such a young and uneducated teenager could not answer the questions (Bruyn, Allardice and Shonar 54).

This good scenes and evil scenes as they are brought out in the novel make it seem more realistic. Some people are good like the priest who adopted Ram and catered for his needs until he was a grown up. The police and the concert organizers are bad people as they deny Ram his right and even cause accusations against him. The person who murdered the priest is also an evil person. The use of good versus evil people in the story also makes it seem more real than imaginary (Daniel 98).

We will write a custom Essay on How Realism Is Brought Out In “Slumdog Millionaire” A Novel by Vikas Swarup specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More (II) Modern day life in India Urban myths

Urban myths are part of the devices the author uses. Ram is brought up in a slum and maybe the biggest one in the Asian continent. Clothes are donated to the people in the slum and as they are been dispersed, they find Ram, a small baby enrolled in them. He is then adopted and he grows up under care of the priest who is later murdered by a person who had been paid to do so. Later life gives Ram experiences that make him answer the twelve questions in the concert.

In the modern India, most of the episode in the novel are real as in urban life and more so in the slums. It is believed that in slums cases of murder and also uneducated but experienced teenagers are truly there. Just like in the story, the episodes depict what is really happening in urban centers in India. This makes readers of the story to perceive it as real (Connerney 124).

Narrative style

The author uses first person narrative style to connect to Ram. Ram Mohammad Thomas tells his story in a chronological order from his adoption. Before going to the next episode, Ram recounts his prior episodes to show how the events and his adventures have been coming out. He narrates his story with good episodes coming first and then as time goes by a catastrophe strikes.

This is done orderly for instance, where he answers the twelve questions in the concert and then he feels great having won a lot of money. This is a very good moment for Ram. All of a sudden, Ram is arrested by the police and taken to a jail cell and accused of cheating in the concert. The episodes are narrated in a way that is believable. This makes the adventures of Ram Mohammad Thomas to seem real (Collins 34).

Conclusion The novel “Slumdog Millionaire” by Vikas Swarup is seen to be more real than imaginative. This is because of the different styles and ways that have been used in the novel. The story is set in Mumbai in India a place that is not imaginative. The tales are half true and this makes it seem real.

Also the author uses first person narrative style where the voice of the narrator is brought out. He also uses urban myths like slums that are there in the modern India. The coincidences in the episodes also make it to seem more real. The author is also using the theme of good and evil to make it realistic. The events are in a chronological order and the bad episodes come after the good episodes.

Works Cited Bruyn, Pippa, Allardice, David and Joshi, Shonar. Frommer’s India: Casa nova. Mumbai: Frommer’s, 2010.Print.

Collins, Jim. Bring on the books for everybody: How literary culture became popular culture. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How Realism Is Brought Out In “Slumdog Millionaire” A Novel by Vikas Swarup by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Connerney, Richard. The upside down tree: India’s changing culture. Washington: Algora Publishing, 2009.Print.

Dammer, Harry and Albanese, Jay. Comparative criminal justice systems. London: Cengage Learning, 2010.Print.

Daniel, John. Mega-schools, technology and teachers: Achieving education for all. London: Taylor


Change Proposal for Sales Department Essay college admission essay help

Introduction Naturally, human beings resist change for the fear of the unknown among other reasons. This is why it would take a lot to maneuver through the ups and downs associated with bringing change and making sure that the organization embraces it and successfully walks through the transitions.

Kudler Fine Foods Virtual Organization has been giving its customers the best they can and that is why the organization has been so successful in creating lasting relationships with its clientele. However, our market share has not been increasing substantially due to the steep competition in the market.

It is sad to realize that after some research that was conducted in the market, our products were found not to be famous. We have been in the business for a period long enough to be able to cut down our advertising and promotional expenses and still enjoy leading the market but unfortunately, we are as threatened as in our first two year of business. This brings us to what we are not doing; this business should invest more in advertising through the web.

According to Leban


Duty of wordsmiths to speak reality Essay college admissions essay help

Professional wordsmiths have mastered the art of articulating and using words in the right context. This has enabled them to command significant authority from passionate readers. They have the ability to make the reader feel, see and experience a situation by their choice of words. Consequently, they capture and fascinate the mind of the reader. For this reason, they are required to have professional ethics and moral standards to match the expectations of the reader.

Wordsmiths should operate under a framework provided by a regulatory body in order to uphold moral integrity. The regulatory body such as the society of professional journalists (SPJ) provides a platform of controlling and promoting equality among wordsmiths for instance the Society of Professional Journalists.

The body also provides an assurance to readers that they will get quality work and that are up to standard. In line with the mandate of this regulatory body, wordsmiths should champion for truth, dignity and integrity in their work hence keeping in mind that they are working in the public interest of the readers. They should act fearlessly even if they are of the unpopular view (Collins 155).

They should be unbiased and independent. Additionally, they should seek primary sources of information and be accountable for any collected information. Wordsmiths should avoid misinterpretation of facts and should not distort information. When wordsmiths submit their work for consumption by the readers, they subject themselves to public scrutiny in terms of standards, quality of work and moral integrity.

They, therefore, should diligently consider these factors when they are executing their work. Wordsmiths face a dilemma between speaking the truth and reducing harm i.e. if wordsmiths speak the whole truth, then harm is inevitable. Essentially, there is a delicate balance between the two factors. Due to the freedom of speech and press, wordsmiths have a leeway on the choice of their words.

The public has put emphasis on publicizing as the best enforcement mode. Streamlining the wordsmiths is purely at the discretion of the public. Wordsmiths should carry out dissemination of information cautiously and in a modest manner. Moreover, putting a spotlight on the wordsmiths regarding their ethical conduct and integrity is a key component in fostering truth and holding them accountable for their reporting.

Wordsmiths should also assess the impact of their work on the public and act diligently when undertaking their work. This, in turn, affirms assurance to the reader that his or her concerns are considered. Additionally, the wordsmiths should avoid misinterpretation of facts at all costs and provide the correct context. This will enable the reader restore confidence on information disseminated by wordsmiths.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Wordsmiths should not be controversial and should avoid lurid curiosity. They should also be creative thinkers and provide an independent opinion. Wordsmiths command a following of readers; this gives them a heavy load and responsibility of both entertaining the readers by being relevant and writing facts without any misinterpretation.

For instance, in the book “The Veil of Heaven” the wordsmith has skillfully selected a choice of words, which vividly bring out his line of thought (Collings 7). He has also employed figurative speech to describe the prevailing situation. Most of the readers never question the integrity of the wordsmith; they consider them to have mastered the art of writing. Readers never understand that sometimes wordsmiths also document their own positions or interests regarding a particular issue.

This may lead to partial examination of situations to suit particular segment of readers. This impairs the interpretation of facts hence giving distorted information to readers. The wordsmith’s stand should not be realized when he or she is writing. This gives that article neutrality and allows readers to draw their own opinions and in accordance with their individual understanding.

However, various issues pose a challenge to wordsmiths first; some principles may cause conflict for instance accountability and independence. The wordsmith is required by the readers to be independent and at the same time accountable. This poses a great challenge to strike a balance between the two. By being independent means, no one should influence the wordsmith when writing to give a true and honest opinion and on the other hand, he or she should accountable on sources of information and claim responsibility.

Secondly, the wordsmith should provide true reporting and should minimize harm that the information may cause. This is also a major limitation because providing true information and at the same time, minimizing harm is very difficult. Achieving this is hard without compromising one of the two factors.

Thirdly, wordsmiths face a lot of pressure from the public in regards to writing topics that are favorable and soothing at the expense of writing real and inevitable facts that are unpopular. This can make their articles not sell and lower their public admiration and popularity. Due to this, wordsmiths tend to avoid controversial topics and issues in the society so as not to damage the public image.

In conclusion, wordsmiths should be individuals of high moral integrity and should take responsibility in all their articles, materials and publications. They should be fair, neutral and unbiased. Readers rely on the honesty, independency and accountability of the wordsmiths when reading their work and they put a lot of trust that the wordsmith was free and fair when he or she was critically examining the subject in question. This in turn will enhance readership and popularity of the wordsmith.

We will write a custom Essay on Duty of wordsmiths to speak reality specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Collings, M. Wordsmith: A Science-Fantasy Novel, Volume One: The Veil of Heaven. Maryland, MD: Wildside Press LLC, 2009. Print.

Collins, T. Wordsmith — Writing a Way Home. Virginia, VA: Ravens Yard Publishing, 2003. Print.


Influence of Western Culture on Business Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Summary of findings and Analysis of the Situation

Prevention of the Problems



Introduction Presently, universal interactions affect businesses differently thus causing extensive results. Nevertheless, companies need to investigate and focus on aspects, which may give them openings in enhancing market control.

Certainly, culture is such an attribute in business. It is important in enterprise administration together with merchandise marketing. Culture determines views, behaviors, judgment of persons on business outputs and operations. Thus, it remains crucial for western businesses venturing into other countries, particularly those with fully diverse cultures.

An article by Barboza David under World Business in “The New York Times” will gain usage in exploring this business feature. As reported by Barboza (2007) French company Groupe Danone, which makes animal and drink products expanded into the Chinese marketplace.

It attained this through a common venture with a local firm named Wahaha, which operates in a similar industry. Apparently, the JV was failing because of certain quarrels. The disagreements emerged from issues surrounding creation, operation, anticipations, and commerce culture of the association as regards to conducting production in China (Barboza, 2007). Unquestionably, this resulted into Danone failing to establish in the Chinese market strongly.

Summary of findings and Analysis of the Situation The initial predicament for the failure of the JV entailed its ownership alignment and administration. Further, legal issues as regards to brand name check also emerged. Again, there were problems concerning the company administrative formation.

Apparently, circumstances surrounding “Danone and Wahaha” JV ownership and leadership misunderstandings originated from western culture in business (Barboza, 2007). While bargaining the JV accord, Wahaha gained 49% part. “Danone and Peregrine” equally shared the remaining part (Barboza, 2007).

Effectively, Wahaha assumed full control of the company under the headship of Mr. Zong. Danone later acquired Peregrine accumulating greater part of the venture than Wahaha. Thus, Danone hypothetically assumed leadership of the venture. Wahaha concluded that, the action amounts to purchase by Danone. Consequently, Wahaha argued that, mistrust and rivalry had intruded the association (Barboza, 2007).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Trademark control also emerged as a debatable matter in the joint venture. Wahaha then a “state owned company” entered the association with the determination of reassigning the label to the new venture (Barboza, 2007). Resolving the issue generated legal actions intending to manipulate the Chinese legal techniques. Danone employed western legal tricks and standards in seeking justice, an action that further strained the alliance (Barboza, 2007).

While drafting the agreement, Wahaha gained control of every day activities since they had first capacity to manage the venture. Danone participated in the JV as “board of directors” (Barboza, 2007). Danone employed their western ways of empowering others in this venture without comprehension on its likely consequences.

Frustrations emerged as Wahaha felt overburdened with the JV operations noting Danone would still draw massive profits with negligible contribution (Barboza, 2007). Conversely, Danone noted that, it knew extremely little as regards to the JV.

Prevention of the Problems Perhaps, it was possible to prevent the unprecedented occurrences within the JV. Danone would have resisted the predicaments by acknowledging their unfamiliarity with the Chinese enterprise operations.

Thus, they ought to consider adapting to Chinese business culture with time as opposed to implementing their western culture (Campbell, Netzer,


Aging, Culture, Ethnicity and Family Care Essay custom essay help

Bringing Culture Back Home: Aging, Ethnicity and Family Support, Jay Sokolovsky

The author conducts a literature review on the capability of the ethnic community to take care of its aging community. He aims to test the hypothesis that the ethnic community is more than able to take care of its elderly sufficiently. His reviews of the studies that have been conducted by other anthropologists indicate otherwise. In the Hispanic community, the culture was one of close family interaction and profound family loyalty. It has been perceived that the

Hispanic elderly receive the highest level of emotional family support. Sokolovsky highlights studies that have shown the levels of obligation and an expectation of kin support was declining in the Hispanic society. The elderly were not turning to family for assistance preferring to suffer in silence. The research by the author shows the limitations of the informal structures in dealing with the elderly. He proposes that the voluntary agencies should stop putting so much pressure on families to take care of their elderly kin.

Age of Wisdom: Elderly Black Women in Family and Church, Jane W. Peterson

The author sought to understand fully the role of elderly black women in the family and church. Relevant literature appreciated the role of black as wise women in the community. They helped in rearing the grandchildren and gave great advice to the adults. She participates in great decision making.

She is the organizer of the family reunions and the custodian of the family history. The author conducted her own research and spent time with an elderly woman called Lottie. Her experiences reinforced the findings of other studies on the role and importance of elderly black women.

The author spent time in the Refugee Church of God in Christ where she saw the elderly black woman regarded as highly. They are referred as mothers and deemed to be wise. This is due to their experiences in child birth and rearing, illness, death and other challenges in life. This shows the overwhelming support they will get in the family and church due to their age.

The Social and Cultural Context of Adaptive Aging by Southeast Asian Elders, Barbara W. K. Yee

The author over a period of twenty years has conducted mental health workshops. He examines the cultural transformation of the Southeast Asians in America over time from the perspective of the elderly generation. He researches on the coping and adaptive strategies used by the elderly Asians to the different culture in their current resident country.

He highlights his experiences with four elderly Asians in the article. The results showed there were cases of positive and negative adaptation. In America, the elderly advice is not treasured as the younger generation is embracing a whole new culture. These Asians were rescued from their countries by the families so they are totally dependent on their families for financial support.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They have lost their high status in terms of providing for their families and inheritance. The elderly who lived far from the family, by themselves had a tougher time adjusting to their new life. Yet in houses with teenagers there were high levels of intergenerational conflicts on culture. In some families there have been suicides, deaths and even murders in the elderly generation. Those who have successfully adapted had to learn English, compromise and adapt to the new cultures.

The Dynamics of Ethnic Identity and Bereavement among Older Widowers, Mark R. Luborsky and Robert L. Rubinstein

The authors studied the impact the ethnicity of an elderly individual assisted him or her to deal with bereavement. They found that the ethnic identity and practices in different cultures such as in the Irish, Jewish and Italian communities greatly assisted them to deal positively with the loss of a spouse in old age. It assisted them to adapt to life after the great loss.

The researchers found certain themes in adaptive and non-adaptive or destructive behavior in elderly that could assist the psychotherapists deal with the mourning elderly. They found out that culture was powerful. It connected the people biologically as they sought to know their family lineage (Luborsky, Rubinstein, 1997, p 305). Culture shaped their belief system giving them an ethnic identity. The strong link to culture and ethnicity assisted the aged to cope with life after the loss of a loved one.

Social Support Systems of Rural Older Women: A Comparison of the United States and Denmark, Dena Shenk and Kitter Christiansen

The authors sought to research on the perception of the use of formal services by elderly people in the rural areas. Case studies on elderly conducted in Minnesota and Denmark revealed that the Danish people viewed the use of formal services favorably. They saw that in choosing the formal services they could use, it gave them independence and decision making power. The Americans however viewed informal services negatively.

Formal services are perceived to be used when the individual’s informal network of family, friends and relatives have failed to support the elderly adequately. The elderly therefore tend to turn to the informal network first. They see the use of formal services as the loss of independence. The Danish links however with the formal service providers however were not as close or strong as the American links, for those who sought for formal services.

An Organization for the Elderly, by the Elderly: A Senior Center in the United States, Yohko Tsuji

The author sought to investigate how elderly people in the Lake District Senior Centre dealt with the culture. In America the elderly find themselves in a cultural dilemma since the dominant American cultural value are based on the pillars of independence, productivity and strength. The centre has gone against the societal norms that the elderly should be disengaged or isolated. The centre has shown otherwise, the day to day running of activities is carried out by the elderliness.

The board of directors and other committees that is involved in decision making is also mostly composed of the elderly. The elderly also self-finance themselves as a third of the budget is financed by the elders. During the day, there are workshops, seminars, group meetings of a recreational and educational nature. The elderly have a system of social network, exchange and support. They have learnt to assimilate the American culture in their everyday lives.

We will write a custom Essay on Aging, Culture, Ethnicity and Family Care specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More History, Community Context and the Perception of Old Age in a Rural Irish Town, Jeanette Dickerson-Putman

The author interviewed several people in Clifden and Blessington, Ireland to hear their perception of old age. The respondents viewed old age as the signal or signs of declining health and the lack of the ability to continue contributing to the society in terms of work due to frailty. The social life of the individual starts declining and even dies. Soon, the aged need a great support network in order to make it in life. The respondents noted that in old age, the people had a certain level of material security.

The government gave the old people good pension and other benefits. If the elderly did not have access to money, they would have a difficult old age. In terms of support, the family did not play a central role in taking care of the aged rather it was the close friends and confidants that took physical care of the individual. If the aged experience the loss of their spouses or had strained relationships with their children, they would receive very little emotional support.

The Irish respondents noted that in old age, one experienced contentment, peace, rest and a relaxed mind. However, at the old age, a downside was that there were individuals who experienced high levels of loneliness and bitterness. The project showed what the people considered as successful and unsuccessful aging.

Uncle Ed, Super Runner and the Fry Cook: Old Men on the Street, Jay Sokolovsky and Carl Cohen

The authors conducted a study in the New York, the Bowery, on the survival and experiences of the aging men in the streets. The society focuses on the plight of the homeless mainly in the winter however in spring, it stops being hot news. The homeless on the streets are still there and going through various hardships.

They found out that the hardships of living in the streets had the greatest impact on the old men who were more than 50 years and above. These were men who had lived on the streets for years, some even decades. They conducted case studies on three elderly homeless Their fieldwork results showed that despite the poverty experienced by the men on the streets they shared food, cash and cigarettes.

They also shared tips on how to survive on the streets. The friendship developed on the street served as a survival tactic. The old homeless people took to constant drinking to deal with the trauma of homelessness that brings desperation and hopelessness. They will continue drinking even if it endangers their health.

One Thousand Points of Blight: Old, Female and Homeless in New York City, Jay Sokolovsky

There was a study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health on the experiences of homeless women on the streets of America. The author participated in the study and highlights a session he had with an elderly woman in her sixties in a women’s shelter located in the U.S Army armory. The elderly American male is able to handle the public shelters better than the female due to their experiences in jail, military and boarding houses.

The elderly female experiences a cultural and psychological trauma as she tries to adjust to the shelter environment. The conditions are rough as it is an environment where the toughest and abrasive survive. They have exhausted their kin resources. There is a perception that the number of homeless women has been decreasing however it is not true. The count has been decreasing since they shun the big shelters preferring the streets, small charity shelters and drop in shelters. The absolute count has been increasing.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Aging, Culture, Ethnicity and Family Care by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Between Humans and Ghosts: The Decrepit Elderly in a Polynesian Society, Judith C. Barker

The author carries out research on the treatment that was given to elderly people in the Polynesian society. In the society, the old people were perceived to be mediators of the people between the world and the next world. They were regarded as being spiritually higher and they assumed the roles of witchdoctors and priests. The number of the elderly people was not high since the people used to die around the age of 35.

The people become mature and died quickly as they were living in very harsh environments. However, at that time they still existed non-supportive attitudes towards the people who had reached the critical area of their life. Since, they were no longer able to contribute to the society or look after themselves, they were perceived to be useless or already dead. There were reports that some of them were treated brutally.

They were seen to be a burden in the society. There was neglect of the old people who were physically impaired and it was acceptable in the society. There was a discrepancy in the status of older people in good health and the ones who were too weak to take care of themselves. Families did not call the doctors or nurses to treat the infected sores and painful joints of frail elders.

Dementia in Cultural Context: Development and Decline of a Caregiver Support Group in a Latin Population, J. Neil Henderson

The article highlights the phases that a caregiver support group went through in a Latin population. The author came up with a plan for the implementation of an Alzheimer disease support group for ethnic communities after observing that the existing groups in place had a predominantly white population.

The group was started in 1986. The group received funding from the government and the caregivers went through a thorough training on dementia and related diseases. Six months later, the aged in Latino community had joined the group and there was an aggressive system of follow up and support by the caregivers.

The group however died after two years. They could not support themselves after the project funding was cut off. The project showed the challenges faced by ethnic support groups since the project died due to lack of funds, overburdened care givers, the volunteer nature of the group and the lack of support by private and public organizations.

Aging, Disability and Ethnicity: An African-American Woman’s Story , Monika Deppen-Wood, Mark Luborsky and Jessica Scheer

The author interviewed an African-American woman to find out how she was dealing with old age and disability and whether her ethnicity aided her in any way in dealing with the challenges in old age. She relied heavily on her family members to take care of her and provide for her financially which they did. From her ethnicity she drew great courage to overcome the challenges in life. The transition stage in accepting her role as a nourisher, advisor and disciplinarian to her children was okay. She is regarded highly by her family members and considered a wise woman.

Long-Term Care and the Disabled Elderly in Urban China, Charlotte Ikels

The author conducted a research in China on the perception of dementia in old people and the long-term care of these individuals. He noted that in some Asian cultures such as India, Japan and Polynesia, dementia did not have an alarming impact on the family members.

The individual is seen as though he is cutting links with the natural world and connecting with the supernatural world. In the western world, however, the emphasis of the medical aspects of the disease made people not appreciate the way the cultural and social factors would mediate the impact of the disease.

In China, they had a culture of promoting the taking care of the elderly by the family. The children and relatives were relied on to take care of their parents and grandparents. The elderly parents lived close to the children’s residence. Overall the elders who were disabled were well taken care in the Chinese culture.

Liminality in an American Nursing Home: The Endless Transition, Renee Rose Shield

The author conducted a study in an American nursing home to investigate the experiences of the old people in the nursing homes. She observed the residents and the staff as they conducted their daily activities. She had the perception that the elderly in the nursing home were a close knit community sharing jokes and stories on the events in their lives.

They would tell each other of the engagements, weddings and birth experiences in their life. However she discovered it was not so. Life in the nursing home was marked by loneliness and dependencies. It was a solitary transition for the elderly.

The community did not support and rally around them unlike other stages in life. The residents were provided with the best medical and nursing care however they still faced the last days of their lives with inadequate emotional support, isolated from the world. She found that the society was unwilling to involve the elderly in opportunities to contribute to society, treating them like children. The society, fearful of death, is quick to transfer the care of the elderly to an institution instead of providing the warmth and support of a community.

Understanding Life Backwards, Joel Savishinsky

The author interviewed individuals who had just retired in order to find out how they were adjusting to life after retirement. He found out that the identities that individuals had before retirement affected their attitudes to retirement and their self esteem.

These identities affected the rate at which the individual would adjust to life after retirement. Even though the study revealed that there was no great impact of gender differences on the rate of adjustment, the individual’s identity and social background influenced the adjustment rate differently in the men and women.

Conclusion On review of the mentioned articles, it is clear there is a great need in most societies to come up with better structures both in the informal and formal structures to take care of the elderly. The old people people play an important role as Jane Peterson in her article. They represent the wise in the community who are able to advise the younger generations on handling the bittersweet experiences in life. It is not good for family members to neglect taking care of them.

The aged experience high levels of loneliness, depression and isolation as they try to adjust to this new phase in their life where they have to be taken care of and depend financially on their children. The society should especially follow up on the homeless who are elderly. They have exhausted their kin resources and in their age cannot handle the harsh difficulties of life in the streets.

References Luborsky, M


Poem Analysis: I Wondered Lonely as a Cloud Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

In his poem, I wondered lonely as a cloud, William Wordsworth applies different elements of poetry to highlight his themes. For instance, he uses symbolism to connect human beings with their immediate environment (nature). A symbol is an object either living or non-living that represents something else in reality; therefore, the reader has to think carefully to unravel the hidden meaning. Wordsworth use of symbolism in his poem reveals his observatory skills and his ability to appreciate the nature around him.

The title and the first stanza of the poem highlight the first symbol in the poem. The persona likens himself with a cloud yet naturally, the cloud is a non-living object located many miles away from the earth.

The cloud is a symbol, which represents loneliness. Moreover, the cloud is naturally incompatible with the earth surface or human beings but the poet’s close identification with the cloud reveals his loneliness, isolation, and desolation from the world around him. In the second stanza, he compares the distance between the clouds, valleys, and hills, which means he is aware but not happy with his separation from the immediate world.

Through the personification of the clouds, the speaker is able to express the extent or impact of his loneliness. Besides being under emotional turmoil, he has nobody to talk to, associate with, or assist him in solving his personal problems, which hurls him into depressed. Just like the clouds, he finds remedy in roaming around, with a sole aim of trying the luck of stumbling upon something to fill up his loneliness.

In the fourth line of the first stanza, the persona identifies the daffodils at the lake, which symbolize love/happiness. He calls the daffodils a ‘crowd’, which is a word only used to identify human beings (Cummings Para. 3).

The dancing prowess of the daffodils especially the movement of their heads symbolizes the happiness the persona is yearning to experience one day. Although he is lonely and sad, the observation of the flowers puts a smile on his face. Thus, the daffodils (flowers) are a symbol or source of happiness, which is the heart’s desire of the persona. In addition, the speaker observes that the daffodils dance better than the waves, which confirms that when he is happy, he is automatically connected to the world.

The high number of daffodils the speaker observes grows naturally and they symbolize the rich environment or soils he lives in; therefore, probably the source of his unhappiness is not economical but maybe social oriented. Additionally, when the speaker is unhappy he only remembers the daffodils to alter his somber mood, the daffodils offer him company; they cheer him up.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The use of natural objects like the stars, plants (flower), the cloud, valley, hills, lakes, and the breeze/waves symbolizes that the nature is the only source of inspiration in the speaker’s life. He derives his emotional nourishment from remembering the beauty and dancing of the flowers.

He connects the random arrangement of the flowers to the stars, which cheers him. Wordsworth also proves the realistic side of his work when he uses the natural rather synthetic objects. Moreover, his use of nature may have a hidden meaning whereby he might be calling for the emotional or spiritual malnourished persons to preserve and adapt the nature as the source of happiness in their lives. Therefore, through the connection to the nature, the speaker symbolizes the unity that exists between human beings with the nature.

Due to the power of the nature, the speaker strengthens the need of living in a community. When he describes the daffodils, he associates the flowers with a crowd flourishing in their natural habitat. Thus, the word ‘crowd’ here symbolizes the unity people have to explore in the world in that, the crowd of daffodils takes away his loneliness.

For instance in the second stanza he says, “Ten thousands saw I at glance/” (Wordsworth line 11), which reveals the large number of the daffodils. Similarly, due to their large number, the flowers not only dance well, but also shine. In addition, he also calls the flowers a ‘host’, which means despite being large in number they make him happy.

Therefore, Wordsworth poem aims at calling for peace, love, unity, and togetherness in his community because he associates words in collective form with his own happiness. The flower, as a symbol, represents the people in his community who are not only supposed to live together, but also to stay happily or in harmony with each other.

In summary, symbolism is an element of writing especially in poetry. Symbols have hidden meanings, which need the reader to unravel intelligently. Wordsworth uses natural objects to express the theme of nature. He uses the natural objects like flowers to both inspire him and promote unity in the society.

The distance between the clouds and the earth is large yet the persona identifies with the cloud, therefore his identification symbolizes the retraction or loneliness between him and the surrounding people. Finally, the author uses symbols to promote peace and togetherness in his society.

We will write a custom Essay on Poem Analysis: I Wondered Lonely as a Cloud specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Cummings, Michael. I wandered lonely as a cloud: A study guide, 2008. Web.

Wordsworth, Williams. “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.” Poemhunter, 2002. Web.


The Major Failure of the Apollo 13 Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Identification of the project and Source of the Project Failure

Solution to the problem

Reference List

Introduction The failure of Apollo 13 has left many people with various arguments. There are some arguments about what was the major cause of the Apollo 13 failure. The failure of the Apollo 13 was a big blow to the man in his attempt to explore the surface of the moon. This failure was a big blow bearing in the mind the effort that was dedicated in order to promote its performance. The failure of Apollo 13 posed a great threat to loss of human life and also led to failure of the lunar mission.

The Apollo system is one of the most complicated engineering which consists one of the most demanding engineering exercises which has been done by the man. The mission’s success is very demanding and requires a very high level of accuracy. Although Apollo 13 failed, there have been at least two successful lunar explorations.

Such success required the men and women who were involved in designing, building, and flying it to practice a high level of accuracy. It is important to know the exact cause (or causes) of the failure of Apollo 13 in order to be able to prevent any such losses or failures in the future.

In order to understand the real cause of the problem, there is need to look at the events involved in the launching of the space craft in question. Research has been carried out in an effort to give a clear report on the major mission failures that occurs. Such findings play a very significant role in development of appropriate recommendations based on them.

Identification of the project and Source of the Project Failure The main objective of this project was to explore the surface of the moon. This was in attempt to carry out selenological inspection and sampling of material in a specific part in Fra Mauro Formation. This project was also aimed at deployment and activation of an Apollo Lunar Surface experiments package (ALSEP) (Anonymous. 2006). All this information was of great significance in man’s attempt to better understand the space. Many photographs on unique places were also expected from the journey.

According to previous reviews, oxygen Tank can be seen as the major cause of the failure of Apollo 13. The problem was initiated by the service module cryogenic oxygen tank no. 2 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970). In other words, the tank was the major cause of the failure of Apollo 13.

Over the past, oxygen tanks that are identical to the oxygen no. 2 on Apollo 13 operated successfully in previous flights. This included the Apollo 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970). Therefore, there is a big question on why the tank in Apollo 13 failed despite the fact those similar tanks had succeeded earlier.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In order to identify the exact cause that made the tank for Apollo 13 a failure, these tanks were compared in order to see whether there were any differences. This comparison was emphasized on the assembly, design, reviewing as well as test history.

Although Apollo 13 was not successful, it was successfully launched on the schedule. This was at Florida on April 11, 1970 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970). According to report by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1970), the launch vehicle stages inserted the S-IVB instrument unit with apogee of 100.2 nautical miles as well as perigee of 98.0 nautical miles. The take of stage went as expected.

However, the second stage boost devoted a little from what was expected. That is, the engine at the center of S-11 cut off about 132 seconds early than what was expected. As a result of this, the remaining four engines burnt 34 seconds longer than what was expected. This could be one of the major factors which could be attributed to the failure of Apollo 13. This technical problem also led to mismatch in other areas, which led to slight deviations from what was expected. Similarly, this led to deviation of the Space vehicle from what was expected.

That is, space vehicle speed after S-11 boost was 223 feet per second lower than what was planned and expected (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970). This implies that the speed of Apollo 13 was affected. Since the speed was lower than expected, this implies that the space craft would take more time than expected in order to reach the destination. The prolonged time duration could also have led to the failure of the cooling system which leads to excessive heating hence bursting from extremely high pressure.

Since the space vehicle velocity was lower than what was expected, the S-IVN orbital insertion burn was about 9 seconds longer than what was predicted (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970). This extended heating means that the temperature of the body was going to be greater that what was expected.

This may interfere with the working condition of the wires and even causing others to get charred. This increased length in heating also implies that the pressure was higher than expected. The higher the body got heated, the higher was the pressure. This could have led to explosion.

As a result of these problems, thee total launch vehicle was about 44 seconds longer that what was predicted (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970). The probability of reaching translunar injection still existed at a probability of greater than 2-sigma (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970).

We will write a custom Essay on The Major Failure of the Apollo 13 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More All the launch vehicle and spacecraft systems were verified after the orbital insertion after which the necessary arrangements were made for the translunar injection. This was followed by initiation of the onboard television at 01.35 ground elapsed time (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970). This was done for about 5 and half minutes. Later, the second S-IVB burn was initiated on schedule. According to the report by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1970), all other main system operated as required.

The next stage also started well as expected. The S-IVB APS was initiated at 04:18 g.e.t as expected and went on as in the right manner. This was completed without even a slight deviation from what was expected. Similarly, the liquid oxygen dump was successfully initiated some times late (04:39 g.e.t). According to the report given by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1970), the first S-IVB ALPS burn for lunar target point was later initiated at 06.00 g.e.t.

In summary, the main source of the accident was from the oxygen tank. Specifically, the ignition in the oxygen tank number 2 was the main root cause of the problem. This was as a result of extended heater operation at VKSC which led to destruction of the insulation on wiring. This caused short circuiting which resulted into combustion in oxygen tank.

The space craft was faced by several deviations of heating duration’s in various parts which were slightly higher than what was expected. This could have been the major source of the problem which led to overheating of the space craft to the extent of bursting from extremely high pressure.

Solution to the problem From the above discussion, it is clear that the major failure of the Apollo 13 can be rectified to avoid such future complications. This discussion has clearly shown than the oxygen tank was the major cause of the failure of the Apollo 13. The drain tube was misaligned in such a way that it could not be able to drain after being filled.

Due to these misalignments during the assembly, the tank was caught with a very high level of temperature. When Apollo 13 reached at the height of around 200, 000 miles, its insulation wire charred off from extremely high temperatures. This also led to short-circuit which led to ignition in the oxygen tank.

Therefore, it is clear that the problem was propagated from one point to another. Therefore, one of the possible solutions is to improve on safety precautions at this point. For instance, there is need to avoid any contact between the oxygen tanks all wires and motors which may have no seals (Sweesy, 1996). By so doing, the possibility of short-circuiting is resolved. In case the current was cut off from the oxygen tank before short-circuit, then combustion in tank 2 which led to complications in other parts could have been avoided.

It is also necessary to have modifications in the oxygen storage tanks. More attention should be paid on upgrading the oxygen system to make it less susceptible to combustion which will most likely lead to unnecessary combustion in the space craft. The general operations of the system need to be modified.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Major Failure of the Apollo 13 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More From this analysis, it can be said that this deviations especially in temperatures could have been one of the possible causes of the failure of Apollo 13. The problem led to a series of unexpected deviations. The deviations from the normal could have propagated the extent of leading to the failure of Apollo 13.

For instance, the heating duration in various parts increased significantly from what was expected. Increase in heat could have led to an increase in pressure consequently leading to explosion. Increased heat could also have led to damages in wires consequently leading to a series of failure (Sweesy, 1996).

In order to avoid such increase in pressure, which leads to explosion hence magnifying the whole problem, there is need to have a way in which pressure can be reduced from the system in case of anything. This will improve on the security level of the flying crew albeit it will not help in solving the general problem.

There is also a need to have modifications in the insulation system. It is necessary to have adequate insulation in order to avoid unnecessary wire damages from such temperature deviations.

The alarm system was also having some complications. There is need to modify the Alarm system in order to avoid unnecessary alarms in the system. This can be rectified by increasing the differential between master alarm trip levels and the normally expected operating ranges (Anonymous, 2006).

There is also the need to modify the alarm system in order to avoid unnecessary blockage of alarms. It is also necessary to have independent talk back indicators. This will facilitate clear identification of any problem early enough before it propagates from one part to another.

Reference List Anonymous. (2006). Actual cause of Apollo 13 failure. Web.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (1970). Report of Apollo 13 Review Board. Web.

Sweesy, I. (1996). Apollo 13 Failure. Web.


Where Do I Belong? What Makes Identity Essay essay help site:edu

One of the most complicated notions in the modern world, identity is the most crucial aspect of a human’s existence. Once losing his/her identity, a human being cannot live the full life and practically becomes deprived of an essence of life. Because of its versatility and the number of issues it touches on, identity must be considered from various viewpoints.

Embarking upon this investigation, one should start with the physical aspect of human nature. From a biological point of view, identity is predetermined by the gender of a given person. Indeed, in the clichéd society where men and women bear different social roles, the gender aspect is what makes the core of identity. Further on, developing into grown-up, mature people with shaped personalities, we bear certain social role predetermined mostly by our gender.

In addition, the large variety of social roles that we have changed throughout our lives was also intertwined with our genders closely. It is quite peculiar that a child obtains his/her sexual identity at certain age, but not from the day of his/her birth. Thus, it is logical to suggest that the quest for identity begins right with acknowledgement of one’s own gender. An important step in learning one’s identity, the physical aspect makes the foundation of the future searches.

Next comes the aspect of one’s religious belief – or its absence. Something that is completely sacred for a human being, religion must be another important part of identity – its core and the backbone of one’s philosophy, moral principles and the world picture. When needing to turn to someone for help, one usually resorts to his/her religious beliefs, which discloses the most secret aspects of his/her personality.

This means that religion must be another significant part of human identity. Helping people to find the intrinsic value of their lies and look for the enlightenment that comes with serving God and following His behests makes another important part of one’s identity. Even atheists still have certain religious position – the position of denial.

The last, but not the least comes such aspect of one’s identity as culture. In contrast to the previous aspects, this one appears to be the most mysterious one. Unlike the religious beliefs, it can change considerably, being rather subject to the influence of the other cultures.

Yet it makes the stem of one’s identity and helps one to define his/her identity. Embracing the experience of the ancestors, with all their traditions and customs, and at the same time involving the novelties that convey the flair of the epoch, culture is another essential notion that identity involves.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, identity is a blend of one’s cultural background and gender specifics. In his/her search of the identity, one has to consider all the abovementioned spheres of his/her life.

Though certain element of scientism in this search might dim the excitement of the process, one still has to admit that identity is the crossroads of all the peculiarities of the given person, from the most essential ones like the nationality and the religious denomination up to the things that might seem complete trifle.

Still it is obvious that identity is the blend of the cultural and the natural – the two elements that make a human being. Developing and enriching them every day, one can cognize him-/herself and reveal the places uncharted of one’s own soul.


Should Guns be Limited? Argumentative Essay best essay help: best essay help

Nowadays, it became a commonplace practice among leftist journalists and politicians to popularize the idea that restricting gun control laws even further will necessarily lead to decline of violent crime rates. Again and again, we get to hear that the reason why guns should be banned nationwide is that ‘guns kill’.

Apparently, the perceptional simple mindedness, on the part of advocates of gun control, prevents them from realizing the conceptual fallaciousness of such their suggestion. After all, according to criminal statistics, particularly heavy frying pans, hammers, axes and kitchen knives kill even more people then privately owned guns (murders committed in the state of affect) – and yet, no sober-minded person would ever suggest that citizens should be banned from owning these items.

In this paper, we will aim to expose the advocates of strict gun control as utterly irrational individuals, who should not even be placed in position of lending their ‘valuable’ views on the subject matter. We will also aim to show that, contrary to what the majority of naïve people believe, the introduction of more and more gun control laws results in the drastic increase of violent crime rates, which is why politicians should think twice, before outlawing guns.

Let us imagine a scene – there is a dead salesperson laying on covered with blood store’s floor. Being unable to defend himself (he believed that guns are ‘evil’), he was shot in the head, during the course of an armed robbery. The police officers finally arrive, take photos of a crime-scene, place the corpse into a body-bag and take him to the morgue.

While conducting these procedures, police officers never ceased carrying guns in their holsters – and yet, they never needed to use their guns, but pens, cameras, radios, etc. The salesperson, however, could have saved his property and his life, had he owned the gun – despite being a peaceful civilian. This addresses the sheer stupidity of a statement, contained in Gopnik’s (2007) article: “There is no reason that any private citizen in a democracy should own a handgun”.

Despite the fact that wackos as Gopnik believe in otherwise, there is a good reason for private citizens in democratic countries to be allowed to own and to carry guns – this is because they cannot be carrying police officers on their shoulders at all times, in order to feel secure. And, as practice shows, criminals strike exactly in time when there is no police anywhere near.

In order to prove the soundness of an idea that society will only benefit from tightening the gun control laws, people like Gopnik resort to particularly cheap emotional tricks – they mention mass shootings in schools: “In Dunblane, Scotland, in 1996, a gunman killed sixteen children and a teacher at their school”.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More By doing it, however, they prove their arrogance even further, as this portrays them as individuals who had never questioned themselves why mass shootings occur specifically in places swarmed with unarmed people, such as schools, malls, etc.

Why there has not been even a single incident in history of an armed maniac having stormed a shooting range, police headquarters, or the branch of American Rifle Association? This is because those armed criminals who decide in favor of committing a particularly gruesome act, such as robbery, gang-rape, mass-shooting or ‘initiation killing’, never look into being faced with victims who may put up any resistance.

It is one thing to go about committing rape, for example, while experiencing a vicious thrill due to victim’s unprotectiveness, and it is altogether another thing to go about committing rape, while experiencing a fear that the potential victim may pull out the gun and kick victimizer’s brains out.

Therefore, ‘no guns permitted’ signs, which can now be seen in the places of public gathering, are nothing but gun-magnets. Apparently, Gopnik-types are simply unable to realize this simple fact – one can only wonder why they are being allowed to write articles to credible newspapers, in the first place, instead of socializing with mind-likes in the kindergarten.

In his article, Gopnik blabbers a lot about the fact that countries with particularly restrictive gun control laws are being more secure to live in, as compared to those where law obeying citizens are assumed mature enough to own and to carry guns, as the most effective instrument of protecting their lives and the lives of their loved ones: “Nations with tight gun laws have, on the whole, less gun violence”.

It is needless to mention, of course, that Gopnik never bothers to substantiate such his claims with references to peer reviewed academic studies.

The reason for this is simple – these studies reveal an undeniable fact that it is namely Western countries (U.S. States) with most liberal gun control laws, which appear to be the safest to live in. For example, as it was pointed out by Scott (1994): “States and cities with restrictive gun laws are usually those with the most crime, and vice versa.

We will write a custom Essay on Should Guns be Limited? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In 1987… Florida passed a law permitting its citizens not only to own, but to carry weapons. Despite the doom-sayers’ predictions of a bloodbath in the streets, Florida’s murder rate has fallen 80% since then” (25). Apparently, individuals as Gopnik are being endowed with irrational/infantile mentality, which partially explains author’s earlier exposed willingness to deliberately mislead readers as to the actual implications of gun control laws.

Besides being clearly unable to understand the dialectically predetermined essence of a relationship between causes and effects, these people also lack the courage to act as responsible citizens – hence, their continuous whining about guns’ ‘evilness’.

And yet, it is not guns that kill people, but those people who pull guns’ triggers. Therefore, we can only agree with Casteen (2004) when he states: “Firearms are no more inherently destructive or worthy of criminalization than alcoholic beverages, ammonium nitrate fertilizer, or the public performance of opera” (212). Therefore, if Gopnik does believes that it is morally repugnant and ‘dangerous’ to own gun, he is at liberty not to own one.

Hopefully, giving lecture about ‘moral inappropriateness of robbery’ to a robber, will allow this potential inmate of a mental asylum to get away unrobbed. Yet, he is in no position to impose his nonsensical views upon the rest of mature and responsible citizens.

We believe that the earlier provided line of argumentation fully substantiates the soundness of an idea that there can be no beneficence, whatsoever, in tightening already tight gun control laws. On the contrary – the more there will be challenges, on the way of law-obeying citizens gaining access to guns, the higher are going to be the chances for these citizens to realize the sheer extent of their defenselessness, while faced by violent criminals.

As the consequence, this will necessarily result in drastic increase of violent-crime-related rates. Therefore, only deliberately malicious or simply outright stupid individuals (such as Gopnik) may continue holding on to a belief that the introduction of more and more gun control laws ensures society’s safety.

References Atwan, Robert


Liability and Accountability- Discussion Post Essay essay help site:edu

Discussion Board Post Introduction

Liability and accountability are a vital requirement for any profession in order to ensure that activities are done in a required manner, and that people can be held accountable in cases whereby such activities are not done in a required manner. Specifically, liability implies that an individual should rightly incur the costs associated with adverse effects of his/her actions on other people.

Most of the technical risks and failures are caused by lack of proper responsibility assignment (Hartman, 2010). This implies that liability and accountability can be used to establish an approach for the responsibility of actions undertaken by individuals. In addition, liability and accountability should vary in accordance to the effects associated with actions and decisions of professionals.

The assignment of liability and accountability should vary in different professions. This is because of the variations of the subjects of their decisions and actions that they undertake.

For instance, owing to the fact that a mistake done by a healthcare personnel can result to the death of a patient implies that they require high standards of legal responsibility and accountability (Gaylin


Idioms in “A Piece of Cake” Essay essay help free

Idioms are words, phrases or sentences that have figurative meaning (Gibbs 288). They are commonly used in linguistics as expressions to give out a hidden meaning of a message that is being conveyed. The interpretation of idioms are completely different with the direct interpretation the words that make the phrase or sentence. Idioms are therefore viewed as figures of speech since they contradict the principle of compositionality (Gibbs 301). An example of an idiom that is widely used in speech and literature is A Piece of Cake.

The idiom A piece of Cake is used commonly in speech and literature in the modern world. It is used to refer to a task that can easily be done easily. The idiom used the word cake to show how pleasant the task is thus making it easy to complete. This is because cakes are sweet and many people love to eat cakes.

The idiom is of American origin. It can be traced back to the 1930`s when it was first seen in the work of a poet named Ogden Nash. The poet used it in his poem entitled promise path in 1936. Here he used the idiom to show that life is easy as a result of a success that was highly anticipated. He therefore referred to life as being a piece of cake.

This term is easy to understand and apply in the everyday language. The idiom is straight forward since it does not need a deeper explanation or an in-depth analysis to understand its meaning. It can therefore be used by any one at any time. Due to its simplicity, the phrase can be used by people of different ages, cultures and backgrounds.

One does not need to be learned to understand and apply its meaning in the everyday language or literature. The phrase can also be applied in several situations which an individual needs to express the simplicity of the task in hand. Due to this fact therefore, the phrase has found a lot of application in the speech and English literature all around the world.

The term tells a lot about our culture and society. First, the term like many other idioms is used to give an indirect meaning of a message. This therefore enriches the language by making it to be somewhat sophisticated. The phrase also gives an impression of literacy and learnedness in the culture of the people who use it.

The use of a sophisticated language is always related to those individuals who are learned thus gaining a lot of respect in the society. Furthermore, idioms are colloquial metaphors they indicate a foundation of knowledge, information and experience (Gibbs 288). That is why such a phrase can only be applied in a given culture and not the whole world. This is because it was developed by people who have common experience and understanding. It is therefore rendered as meaningless outside the culture of origin.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The phrase is not detrimental in any way. In fact, it has developed language by giving it a stronger base. The fact that it has no harm to the society or anything in general has made it to have a wide application even outside its culture of origin. That is why the phrase has been adopted and used by many other cultures all around the world.

Works Cited Gibbs, R.W. The poetics of mind: figurative thought, language, and understanding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994


Health Indicators Essay essay help: essay help

‘Healthy People 2010’ is a 10-year health strategic plan of the United States, which aims at promoting healthy lifestyles and prevention of diseases. The health strategic plan has it basis from Healthy People 2000 health agenda, which emanated from collaborative efforts of the United States government, citizens, and public health organizations.

Culmination of the Healthy People 2000 objectives did set stage for the formulation of Healthy People 2010 healthy strategic plan of the United States. The Healthy People 2010 has two major objectives: to improve the quality and length of healthy life, and eliminate healthy disparities in the society that has been very unequal.

To achieve its objective, the Healthy People 2010 identified 28 healthy indicators that are critical in assessing progress of health, but health experts identified 10 leading health indicators. The 10 leading health indicators give enough information regarding health status or issues in the population for policymakers to make appropriate policies. Obesity is one of the health issues with indicators such as physical activity, environmental quality, and access to healthcare falling in the 10 leading indicators of Healthy People 2010.

Physical activity is one of the leading health indicators according to Healthy People 2010 for it determines prevalence of obesity in the society. Physical activity intricately links with nutrition because the health status of a body does not only depend on physical activity, but also intake of nutritious diet and subsequent assimilation and utilization of the nutrients.

Since a healthy diet supplies the essential nutrients to the body, proper and optimum physical activity is necessary to enhance their assimilation and utilization, hence preventing the accumulation of the excess nutrients into toxic levels or causing obesity in the case of carbohydrates.

According to Centers for Disease Control [CDC] and Prevention (2009), enhanced physical activity and modification of diet are effective measures of reducing incidences of obesity in the society with health disparities and inequality (p.1). Thus, healthy body requires nutrients and physical activity to improve physiological and biochemical processes of the body, hence prevents occurrence of the obesity.

Social and physical environment is also another leading health indicator that determines predisposition to obesity. Series of studies have confirmed that social and physical environments influence eating and exercising habits of individuals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some environments such as workplaces and schools discourage physical exercises because people eat well yet they become preoccupied with other issues and neglect healthy lifestyles such as physical exercise. Due to lack of enough exercise in such environments, people gain weight and become obese. Social behaviors such as unhealthy eating habits have significant influence on the eating lifestyles of the people in certain social environments.

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009), abundance of food, lack of exercising facilities and contemporary occupations that do not provide time for physical activities have contributed significantly to the development of obesity (p.2). Palatable and innutritious diets that are conveniently available in social places coupled with the lack of physical exercises degenerate into weight gain and obesity.

Accessibility to health care services is one of the 10 leading indicators of health that determines prevalence of obesity in the society. Since health status of the body depends on the nutritional and physical fitness, inaccessibility to health care services and vital information necessary for healthful lifestyles means that the population will neither eat nutritiously nor exercise well.

Satcher (2000) argues that, accessibility to health care is critical in enhancing measures of public health such as prevention, treatment, and management of diseases through provision of health information (p.2864). The inaccessibility to information concerning nutrition and physical activity increases prevalence of obesity in the population. Thus, to reverse increasing trends of obesity, accessibility to vital information in the healthcare institutions by the public is imperative.

References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2009). Healthy People 2010. National Center for Health Statistics. Web.

Satcher, D. (2000). Eliminating Global Health Disparities. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 284(22), 2864.


The Rocking-Horse Winner Essay college essay help

Book Summary The Rocking-Horse Winner describes a young boy’s search for luck and love in a world with no love. Paul has a gift of picking the winning horse in horse races. His mother, Hester, in contrary, has no luck and even though she is outwardly successful, she is troubled by a feeling of failure.

The family’s expenditure exceeds its income and creates unspoken tension and this affects the relationships in the family. Paul and his two sisters recognize this tension and Paul even alleges that he can hear the house whispering, “There must be more money” (Lawrence, 1926).

Paul informs his uncle (Oscar) and Bassett, the gardener, about his luck on betting in horses: he has been betting using his pocket money and has won and accumulated some money. Both men place huge bets on the horse Paul identifies to be a potential winner. After their win, Paul and Bassett give Paul’s mother a very expensive gift, but this makes her spend more money, this upsets Paul and he works harder to be lucky.

As a Derby race nears, Paul strives to know the name of the winning horse. He does this by riding his rocking horse so that he can get to a state in which he can be sure about the winning horse. He remains sick on the day of the Derby but Bassett places bets on the horse that was identified by Paul, and even places a bet for Paul. The horse wins and Paul wins eighty thousand pounds, however, he dies at night.

Analysis The Rocking-Horse Winner presents a society in search of love and luck and this is evident from a number of characters. The main characters in the short story, Paul and Hester, are in search of love. Paul’s mother, Hester, entered marriage with a handsome man because of love, but the love died. Even though she has three children out of the marriage, she could not love them, and does not even love herself for she is troubled by a feeling of failure.

The closest she ever comes to finding love is through her son, Paul, but she rejects him too. Indeed, her lack of love for her children is shown when the author writes, “only she herself knew that at the centre of her heart was a hard little place that could not feel love, no, not for anybody” (Lawrence, 1926). While everyone thinks of her as a great parent, only she knows that her heart is hard and cannot love, not even her children who need it very much. To her, success and happiness means getting more money.

Hester’s desire for material wealth surpasses that of other important things such as love and self-knowledge. Her desire for money is insatiable, instead, they lead to disastrous results when she confuses money with love. In her pursuit of more money, Hester loses some basic family values.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Her main aim is to bring up her children in a flamboyant lifestyle, as a result, her relationship with her children and husband dies. Whenever she gets money, she overspends it. Although the family lives in a “pleasant house” complete with servants and a nurse, they take them as show off objects. Hester’s uncontrollable spending creates tensions inside the household and this is personified by the whispering sounds that seem to come out the house and say “there must be more money” (Lawrence, 1926).

Paul’s talk with his mother about luck makes him believe that her mother’s love can only be won with money and luck. She makes a strong connection with luck and money. When Paul asks her whether luck was money, she replies, “It’s what causes you to have money” (Lawrence, 1926). From this talk, Paul concludes that his luck would make her happy, and this would translate to love. In contrary, she becomes greedier and is more concerned about money than loving her son (Snodgrass, pp. 196).

Paul’s ability to identify the winning horse pulls Oscar and Bassett into the betting business. Paul would get onto a rocking boat and rock continuously, like he was part of the race, until he got into a state in which he was sure of the winning horse. At the final race, Paul drives himself harder and harder to identify the winning horse.

His mother’s insatiability and whispering house drives him to try more and more as he knew that he would achieve two important things if he identified the winning horse: make his mother happy, and win her love. Paul’s desperate actions are an attempt to win love from his hard-hearted mother.

These efforts leave him sick and weak. After Bassett tells him that he had won eighty thousand pounds from the derby race, he tells his mother, “…did I ever tell you? I am lucky!” to which the mother replies, “No, you never did” (Lawrence, 1926), this proves that Hester never loved her children, especially Paul. Paul dies that night after failing to win his mother’s love.

Works Cited Lawrence, David Herbert Richards. The Rocking-Horse Winner. In The Norton

Introduction to Literature. Alison Booth and Kelly J. Mays, eds. Portable 10th ed. New York: Norton, 2011. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on The Rocking-Horse Winner specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Snodgrass, William de Witt. A Rocking-Horse: The Symbol, the Pattern, the Way to Live. The Hudson Review, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1958, pp. 191-200


Polo Ralph Lauren Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Strategy and Management

Market Mix

Financial Analysis



Introduction Polo Ralph Lauren is a clothing company started by Ralph Lauren and specializes in semi-formal casual wear for men, women and children (not as a unique specialization because the company also produces accessories, fragrances and other home clothing, such as home towels).

Its products are however high-end and are well known throughout America and certain parts of Europe and Asia (Kent, 2003, p. 111). The company’s impact in the American fashion industry is profound, and this is the reason most of the company’s products are well known throughout the country. The company’s headquarter is in Manhattan, New York, but it has several outlets in Europe (in locations such as London) and Asia (in locations such as Japan).

Polo Ralph Lauren is an appropriate company for this analysis because it has been in existence for a long time (since 1967) and therefore, there is an immense body of information regarding its strategies and goals.

Emphasis on strategies and goals is made in this case because this study focuses on how the company’s current strategies are designed to meet the company’s goals and objectives. As mentioned earlier in this study, Polo Ralph Lauren was started in 1967 by Ralph Lauren, who only specialized in men’s wear, and more specifically, men’s ties (Kent, 2003, p. 111).

The first store was opened in Manhattan, but in 1971, the company ventured into women’s clothing by starting another store in Beverly Hills, California (Kent, 2003, p. 111). In the early 80s, the company opened its first global store out of America (London), and by 1997, the company had already been listed in the New York stock exchange.

In 2009, the company boasted of having more than 160 stores around the globe, with more than 24,000 employees in 31 countries (Wright, 2011). The company’s current threats are: competition, increase in counterfeit goods and the shaky world economy, which is significantly affecting the company’s sales because recent global financial downturns have eroded customer’s buying power, and more especially, the demand for high-end goods.

Strategy and Management Polo Ralph Lauren’s business strategy is a mix of several strategies aimed at improving the company’s brand presence in the global map, and strengthening the competitiveness of the brand. These strategies are intertwined in a flexible brand strategy, developed along the lines of retail, wholesale and licensing, although the brand has still remained true to its identity) (Lauren, 2011, p. 1).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company’s mission statement is to “Redefine American style, provide quality products, create worlds, and invite people to take part in our dreams” (ChaCha Search, Inc., 2011, p. 1). The company’s strategic goals are however firmly designed to expand the company’s global presence because one core pillar of the company’s strategy is to continue building and extending the Polo Ralph Lauren brand, by improving the brand’s unique luxury design and quality.

The company also expects to expand its brand strategy by focusing on its advertising and marketing strategies, and through this effort, the company expects to empower its retail stores to further uphold the brand strengthening strategy. This strategy is expected to be further complemented by excellent customer service, merchandize mixing, and visual presentation, which are meant to attract more customers and build on a strong brand strategy, designed to come up with new products (Lauren, 2011, p. 1).

The second pillar in the company’s core strategy is to focus on specialty brand retail, where brand differentiation and position stand out to elevate the Polo Ralph Lauren brand above the competitors’.

The company’s third pillar is closely associated with the first, because it is based on expanding the brand’s international presence. This strategy is based on expanding the brand’s operations through new product developments, sensitive to the host’s culture.

The company’s managerial structure is also a strong pillar of the company’s operations. At the top of the managerial structure is the company’s chief executive office, assisted by the company’s vice president.

The company’s chief executive officer has always been Polo Ralph Lauren and since the brand was personally built, the company has been subject to a hierarchical structure of management, where most of the decisions are made by the CEO (Lauren, 2011, p. 1).

The management team is also comprised of other highly qualified individuals, with an impeccable academic qualification and sufficient experience in the fashion industry.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Polo Ralph Lauren specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Employee recruitment and selection is undertaken by an independent human resource team, but the employees undergo a thorough vetting process to assess the potential candidates’ experience in the fashion world, and how best they can be of value to the organization. A great part of the hiring process is normally undertaken online and candidates are sourced in the same manner.

After selection, employees are taken through a training and development program, where they are oriented with how the organization works. The company’s internship program is also another strategy the company uses to nurture new talent through training and development.

Market Mix Polo Ralph Lauren’s marketing mix entails the company’s distribution, promotion, competitive and product and price strategies. As mentioned earlier in this study, the company majorly deals in high-end clothing products for men, women and children, but on the side, the company also produces fragrances accessories, towels, and similar house ware materials, which are of exemplary quality, but priced relatively higher than normal brands.

The company’s distribution strategy is characterized by a strong emphasis on the company’s retail outlets, although some of the company’s products are also moved through the wholesale channel. Depending on the market in question, the company majorly uses the two strategies.

With regards to the company’s promotion strategy, a lot of emphasis is laid on advertising and branding, as opposed to public relations, direct selling or similar sales approaches. However, there is also a strong emphasis by the company to enrich its customer experience by guaranteeing high quality customer services.

This is the core strategy used to retain its customers. However, the company majorly relies on its advertising and branding strategies to attract customers. Polo Ralph Lauren’s major competitor in the high-end clothing business is Louis Vuitton. Louis Vuitton’s strategy is also focused on international expansion, but its focus is majorly centered on reaching out to the growing number of wealthy customers in emerging markets such as China and India (Bloomberg, 2007).

Financial Analysis Polo Ralph Lauren’s financial performance has been on a positive increasing trend, considering the company has experienced an increase in revenues over the past two years. With regards to the net income, Wright (2011) affirms that, “The fiscal 2011 net income was $568 million, or $5.75 per diluted share, compared to net income of $480 million, or $4.73 per diluted share, for Fiscal 2010” (p. 2).

When the company’s performance, in terms of net revenues, for the fourth quarter of the final 2011 fiscal period, compared to the same fourth quarter fiscal period, in the year 2010, it is affirmed that, there was a significant increase in net revenue of 7% from ($1.3 billion to $1.4billion) (Wright, 2011).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Polo Ralph Lauren by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The company’s profits are determined using the above parameters, it is affirmed that, there was a 3% increase in profit from the year 2010 to 2011. The company’s stock price is also on the upward trend, with the year 2011 witnessing an increased share price margin of 0.09%. The following chart shows the increase in the company’s stock prices:

From this trend, the company seems to be making a positive growth, with regards to its financial performance

Conclusion Polo Ralph Lauren’s strategies are very diverse and dynamic. Though most of the company’s strategies are forthright and tailored to deal with today’s competitive business environment, the company seems to be significantly diverting from its core mission, which is to improve the American style of life and provide an enriching experience to its customers, by providing high quality goods.

However, the company seems to focus more on an international strategy aimed at increasing its profitability and expanding its brand presence. This seems to be a strategy adopted to overcome its competitive challenges.

In other words, it is more outward oriented, than internally motivated. Regardless, the company seems to be doing well, with regards to its financial performance and marketing mix, because it has been able to experience increased profitability in recent financial postings. Comprehensively, the company needs to put more effort in merging its strategies with its core business goals.

References Bloomberg. (2007). Louis Vuitton’s Life of Luxury. Web.

ChaCha Search, Inc. (2011). What Is Polo Ralph Lauren’s Mission Statement? Web.

Kent, J. (2003). Business Builders in Fashion. New York: The Oliver Press, Inc.

Lauren, R. (2011). Growth Strategies. Web.

Wright, K. (2011). Polo Ralph Lauren Corporation Reports Financial Results for Fourth Quarter


Organizational Behavior for Manager Expository Essay online essay help: online essay help

Human beings have a tendency to interact with each other by means of communication. It is this interaction that molds behaviors in organizations. Organizational behavior can therefore be demystified as the manner in which humans behave while interacting with colleagues at their work places; this includes how communication takes place in the different levels of management in an organization DuBrin and Young (2007).

The knowledge of this kind of information is a requirement to managers if an organization is to perform optimally and enjoy a competitive edge. In fact, taking the trouble to understand appropriate organizational behavior pays off with; enhanced employees’ expertise in terms of ones technical and interpersonal skills. Also some form of self development is achieved through the fulfillment associated with people getting along and self knowledge achieved.

Besides, efficiency in the organization is boosted and the organization is placed in a better state to provide for its clients in a satisfactory manner. Eventually, a sense of rationality is enhanced by widening the boundaries of what is generally perceived and accepted as common sense. DuBrin and Young (2007) These are some of the rewards Peter Flagstaff and Lindsay Gibson are aiming at to redeem their firm.

Apparently, Flagstaff marketing group is experiencing trouble dispensing and sharing knowledge from within; if this situation goes on unchecked for long then the effects could be catastrophic for the organization. For this reason, Peter Flagstaff and Lindsay Gibson have no otherwise than get back on the drawing board to strategize. At the dinner/focus group the firm’s performance is questioned and it is clear there are a number of issues that need to be addressed.

Flagstaff suggests the main problem as the inability of the firm to keep and maintain record. Documentation of transactions is mandatory for future references in the event that the organization lacks automated systems to do that.

In the likely event that the demands of a client are similar to those already available in the records then it would be wise to borrow the idea and a little modification gives it a whole new perception and the ingenuity of the firm’s creativity is preserved. Alternatively, firms can share ideas through outsourcing.

This is the process through which an organization’s tasks are delegated to the staff in other firms whose expertise overshadows what is locally available. Better yet, the firm’s staff, which should be quick to learn, should tap some of the knowledge and experience practiced by competitors to enhance better performance. DuBrin and Young (2007)

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The senior managers should cultivate a culture of experimentation through which staff members are at liberty to practice their innovative skills without the fear of failure. Managers should promote this through rewarding successful proposals and funding of such ventures. This kind of spirit drives the firm into territories no one else has been before and attracts fulfillment that comes with enhanced efficiency. Also, new Ideas in the organization create a sense of change which breaks the monotony of routine thus motivating the staff members.

While at the combination dinner and focus group several issues were raised by the professional staff. Garry was concerned with ideas leaking away to competitors when a member of staff leaves the team. Well this argument is not valid since most states have laws which protect the inventions and innovations of organizations.

The firm is given exclusive rights to implement its invention for a specified duration, after which it is expected that the firm has recovered the cost of its invention and the idea can be borrowed by others. On the other hand, Brenda’s argument seems valid as bureaucracies in some firms intimidate inventors once they are aware of the agony they will undergo to put their ideas across. Therefore, if Brenda was to be assisted with that then she would open up and share more.

Sharon’s argument is not quite valid as it does not have the best interest of the organization. No one can completely depend on himself fully for creativity. The essence of teamwork is basically to allow team members to learn and borrow from each other. Over the years teamwork in organizations has proved to be a strong link towards achieving efficiency. Lastly, Jason and Ann should ensure their creativity is at an all time high even if it means modifying their early ingenious creations.

In conclusion to improve knowledge sharing some changes need to be effected at the flagstaff such as the way in which people in the different management levels interact with each other. The best possible way would be to network their information systems such that information is conveyed freely and fairly. Also, the culture of operating at the comfort zone should seize and everything should be questioned whenever there is room for improvement to enhance efficiency.

Reference List DuBrin, A. J.,


The recuperation of a generation Research Paper essay help

Introduction Oral history is one of the best ancient or traditional methods used to pass information from one generation to another. Aspects of cultural change, education especially on sexuality or health, gender identification and the roles of each individual in the family relied on oral history.

Due to lack of recorded material on critical subjects, oral history becomes the best way to get first hand information. Thus, by use of oral history and narrative/report analysis, my paper critically analyses the way poor people or indigenous communities like those of the aborigine descent are struggling to recuperate from a deteriorating health in their subsequent generations.

Culture erosion, negligence, traumatic past experiences, racism, and colonialism are some of the elements that interplay to hinder the progression of health in the indigenous communities in Taiwan and Canada. The traumatic impact of the colonialists not only eroded the cultural practices, but also altered the health status of the subsequent generations.

Why is health disparity an issue in the western world or Europe especially to those people living in Canada like Aborigines? Which issues contribute to the poor health status the community experience? Mitchell and Maracle cite colonialism as one of the major factors that have led to the deterioration of the health status of the indigenous communities (aborigines) (20).

Due to the invasion of the colonialists, the indigenous people had to succumb to their demands. They also mention Cultural assimilation of the whites as one of the other major issue that had a negative impact on the colonized communities. Unfortunately, the aborigines were not ready to accept the assimilation, which led to conflicts.

Consequently, the colonialists tortured and pressured them to abandon their social or cultural practices and adapt a new culture, which was not only hectic, but also very diverse. Using force and threats, the colonial government was able to establish a uniform cultural practice. Therefore, the traumatic experience inflicted on the minority groups like the aborigines affects the psychology of the subsequent generations.

Mental instability or illness is one of the health crises that the people of most minorities or indigenous communities’ experience. For instance, Mitchell and Maracle expose the deteriorating mental health of the Aborigines in Canada when they say, “mental health issues or issues of imbalance are reflected in high level of depression, additions, and suicides” (15). In addition, the psychological problems have persisted in different generations.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, Mitchell and Maracle put the blame of mental illness to the cultural erosion that the indigenous communities undergo. They also mention that the long-term impact of deculturation or diachronic trauma may integrate in the next generations, thereby leaving behind a disturbing legacy (15). The indigenous/minority groups abandoned their traditional healing methods and lifestyle, which could have solved the current emerging health issues.

The adaptation of a new lifestyle, which consists of different eating habit or human diets, leads to lifestyle diseases like cancer, diabetes, and hypertension among others. Colonialism led to adaptation of new cultural practices. The new generation therefore live this adapted culture; they do not have a chance to learn/know about their cultural practices. Therefore, they not only adapt to foreign culture, which is in the school curriculum, but also practice a culture of a society that overlooks their health.

Therefore, the indigenous communities in the west have a task to seek for their forgotten cultural practices, which may also be a remedy to their deteriorating health status. Besides being cheaper, the practices may also be a form of recuperation of the generations that undergo psychological instability.

According to Drew and Godlewska, the colonial perpetrators separated women from men or girls from boys, which denied the indigenous communities an opportunity to appreciate their familial environment (449). They assert that the segregation not only contributed to the erosion of family/moral values, but also led to racism, an issue that currently contributes to health disparity in the affected community.

Due to racial discrimination, the health priority of the minority groups is not an agenda in most government forums. The minority or indigenous people lack proper health care or facilities because of their skin color. Racism leads to discrimination or isolation in social institutions like hospital and schools.

Thus, the inaccessibility of the hospitals is the reason why the people succumb to ailments, which are treatable. Racism has led to isolation of social amenities in the society, which becomes both traumatic and painful to the indigenous communities and sometimes the psychological consequences culminates into mental instability. Moreover, children who live in racially segregated communities end up developing mental disorders, which can affect the many generations to come.

Racism denies the minority groups to access the higher education facilities of their choice, therefore making them to lag behind on the matters of health. Statistical analysis carried out in Canada comparing the health status of the aboriginal and the non-aboriginals reveal that the whites have a stable health record. Therefore, the impacts of the colonialists are the major issues that need remedy to ensure the healing of the indigenous communities.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The recuperation of a generation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, Mitchell and Maracle cite the lack of formal education to the indigenous communities that not only locks them out from accessing good jobs, but also denies them adequate information concerning health issues. Health information is critical.

The two scholars call for psychological education to the indigenous people to arm them up incase any member of their families experiences a traumatic event. Most of the higher institutions scrutinize the origin of their students while others bluntly refuse to accept non-white students. On the other hand, the institution that accepts them may lack vital courses within the health sectors, which leaves the communities to depend on the white people in their society.

The menial jobs do not give them a chance to access a good health package. With financial constrains, the indigenous/minority groups are unable to access health insurance systems. Consequently, the treatment cost of chronic diseases like cancer or diabetes among others is extremely high.

Racism promotes inequality, discrimination, and oppression of the minorities/indigenous communities in Europe. The inequality that prevails in Europe is because of the racial segregation. While the whites or the majority enjoy good health, jobs, education and an admirable lifestyle, the minority thrive under impoverished conditions and languish in poverty. The minority are unable to enjoy similar rights in equal quantity hence the poverty.

Although Mitchell and Maracle are unable to unravel the mystery behind the inequality in their society, they intellectually think that the answer may lie within the political docket or sector (14). Besides racial segregation, the politicians want to ensure the minor communities are ‘under their feet’. Therefore, the continuous oppression and discrimination ranges from the health, education to the economic issues. The white community fears for their position incase the minor community elevate their status beyond that of the whites.

Thusly, to keep them under control, oppression and discrimination are some of the tactics that politicians apply. Unfortunately, their uncouth tactic eventually denies the indigenous society right to health because they are unable to either access funds or social amenities concerned with their health. Additionally, the role of politicians is to control the economic and social wellbeing of their nation and therefore, when all citizens are unable to have equal rights, the problem definitely originates from the political sector.

Despite the devastating state of the health sector in the indigenous community, Mitchell and Maracle give remedies to the problem. First, the two scholars from the Aborigine community call for assistance from the health providers/sectors to heal the continually ailing community. Scientists, researchers, historians, and philosophers should converge to form a transformation system that will ensure the community recuperates.

Historians, psychologists, and philosophers should research on the ancient cultural practices especially the cultural degeneration of the indigenous communities like the aborigines since the invasion of the whites. Additionally, the ancient political, social, and economical practices should be under scrutiny as a way to ensure their health problems do not originate from the three elements. Furthermore, psychologists should educate adults from the indigenous communities on how to deal with mental illness.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The recuperation of a generation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, psychological education will assist in the healing of the unborn generations because parents will have first hand information on how to deal with their mentally challenged children/infants (Mitchell and Maracle1). Nevertheless, the healing of the community will not occur overnight but it will be a long process with effective results.

Moreover, Mitchell and Maracle insist on the healing of the trauma that occurred during the colonial times (18). The two writers recommend the study of the emotional and spiritual status of the psychologically challenged individuals. The physical stress and wounds will also lead to a clean or healthy generation free of psychological trauma. The psychological and physical therapy will ensure the indigenous people accept the horrific and terrific incidents, events that occurred in their lives.

The third recommendation is that the education system should include the social, cultural, political, and economic practices of the indigenous communities in their curriculum. Consequently, the people will appreciate their origin therefore learning the effect of the elements on their health.

Similarly, the remedy will enable the community to design an effective methodology on how to heal their generations. Additionally, equal educational opportunities will give the communities a chance to learn on the different emerging diseases or disorders in the health sector or human body.

Therefore, they will be able to not only deal with the disease, but also put up preventive measures against the occurrence of the disease. Communal groups should practice unity, which will enable them to support each other, incase of traumatic event, or stress in an individual. The groups will also enlighten each other on the current issues affecting them in their community.

Finally, according to Mitchell and Maracle “the racism that remains a barrier to progress in (the) of indigenous people(s)” needs abolishment whence all the citizens especially the government or leaders should preach equality (20). Equality will not only lead to eradication of oppression, discrimination, and racism in the society, but also promote good health in the indigenous community. Besides, racism denying the minority communities their rights, it also culminates into hatred in the society, which hinders peace. Establishment of policies will ensure all generations practice equality, which will curb health disparities in the communities or western society.

On the other hand, Geertje asses the impact of mental instability on the family issues and values. For instance, with the use of oral history, he is able to investigate and give the negative effects of psychological instability, which ranges from break down of family ties like marriage, financial instability to lack of peace in the entire or extended families (Geertje 268). Therefore, linking Geertje and Mitchell’s articles, the two write-ups, confirm that familial psychological trauma is possibly transferable to the next generations.

In summary, using oral history, different articles have been able to produce social issues that never existed in records. These issues negatively affect communities, especially in matters of health. Colonialism forcefully altered the social and cultural practices of indigenous communities specifically, the aborigines. Unfortunately, the psychological, emotional, spiritual, and physical traumas persist in the subsequent generations despite colonialism having ended several decades ago.

Drew and Godlewska, and Mitchell and Maracle among others discuss the health disparities that colonialism caused while Boschma explains through oral history how emotional instability affect generations subsequently. Mitchell and Maracle outline the remedies of the health inequality in western society especially for the indigenous communities.

The two scholars recommend psychological treatment, education, and guidance to parents from these indigenous communities. They also call for unity among community members to solve and cater for the health of their fellow people. Finally, the leaders in the West should work hard to eliminate racism and discrimination in their society.

Works Cited Drew, Bednasek, and Godlewska, Anne.”The influence of betterment discourses on

Canadian Aboriginal peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.” Canadian Geographer 53.4(2009): 444-461. Print

Geertje, Boschma. “Accommodation and resistance to the dominant cultural discourse on psychiatric mental health: Oral history accounts of family members.” Nursing Inquiry 14.4 (2007): 266-278. Print

Giltrow, Janet. Academic Writing: An Introduction. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2009.

Mitchell, Terry, and Maracle, Dawn. “Healing the Generations: Post-Traumatic Stress and the Health Status of Aboriginal Populations in Canada.” Journal of aboriginal health 4.12 (2005): 1-20.


Health Indicators Essay best essay help: best essay help

‘Healthy People 2010’ is a 10-year health strategic plan of the United States, which aims at promoting healthy lifestyles and prevention of diseases. The health strategic plan has it basis from Healthy People 2000 health agenda, which emanated from collaborative efforts of the United States government, citizens, and public health organizations.

Culmination of the Healthy People 2000 objectives did set stage for the formulation of Healthy People 2010 healthy strategic plan of the United States. The Healthy People 2010 has two major objectives: to improve the quality and length of healthy life, and eliminate healthy disparities in the society that has been very unequal.

To achieve its objective, the Healthy People 2010 identified 28 healthy indicators that are critical in assessing progress of health, but health experts identified 10 leading health indicators. The 10 leading health indicators give enough information regarding health status or issues in the population for policymakers to make appropriate policies. Obesity is one of the health issues with indicators such as physical activity, environmental quality, and access to healthcare falling in the 10 leading indicators of Healthy People 2010.

Physical activity is one of the leading health indicators according to Healthy People 2010 for it determines prevalence of obesity in the society. Physical activity intricately links with nutrition because the health status of a body does not only depend on physical activity, but also intake of nutritious diet and subsequent assimilation and utilization of the nutrients.

Since a healthy diet supplies the essential nutrients to the body, proper and optimum physical activity is necessary to enhance their assimilation and utilization, hence preventing the accumulation of the excess nutrients into toxic levels or causing obesity in the case of carbohydrates.

According to Centers for Disease Control [CDC] and Prevention (2009), enhanced physical activity and modification of diet are effective measures of reducing incidences of obesity in the society with health disparities and inequality (p.1). Thus, healthy body requires nutrients and physical activity to improve physiological and biochemical processes of the body, hence prevents occurrence of the obesity.

Social and physical environment is also another leading health indicator that determines predisposition to obesity. Series of studies have confirmed that social and physical environments influence eating and exercising habits of individuals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some environments such as workplaces and schools discourage physical exercises because people eat well yet they become preoccupied with other issues and neglect healthy lifestyles such as physical exercise. Due to lack of enough exercise in such environments, people gain weight and become obese. Social behaviors such as unhealthy eating habits have significant influence on the eating lifestyles of the people in certain social environments.

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009), abundance of food, lack of exercising facilities and contemporary occupations that do not provide time for physical activities have contributed significantly to the development of obesity (p.2). Palatable and innutritious diets that are conveniently available in social places coupled with the lack of physical exercises degenerate into weight gain and obesity.

Accessibility to health care services is one of the 10 leading indicators of health that determines prevalence of obesity in the society. Since health status of the body depends on the nutritional and physical fitness, inaccessibility to health care services and vital information necessary for healthful lifestyles means that the population will neither eat nutritiously nor exercise well.

Satcher (2000) argues that, accessibility to health care is critical in enhancing measures of public health such as prevention, treatment, and management of diseases through provision of health information (p.2864). The inaccessibility to information concerning nutrition and physical activity increases prevalence of obesity in the population. Thus, to reverse increasing trends of obesity, accessibility to vital information in the healthcare institutions by the public is imperative.

References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2009). Healthy People 2010. National Center for Health Statistics. Web.

Satcher, D. (2000). Eliminating Global Health Disparities. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 284(22), 2864.


The Rocking-Horse Winner Essay essay help online

Book Summary The Rocking-Horse Winner describes a young boy’s search for luck and love in a world with no love. Paul has a gift of picking the winning horse in horse races. His mother, Hester, in contrary, has no luck and even though she is outwardly successful, she is troubled by a feeling of failure.

The family’s expenditure exceeds its income and creates unspoken tension and this affects the relationships in the family. Paul and his two sisters recognize this tension and Paul even alleges that he can hear the house whispering, “There must be more money” (Lawrence, 1926).

Paul informs his uncle (Oscar) and Bassett, the gardener, about his luck on betting in horses: he has been betting using his pocket money and has won and accumulated some money. Both men place huge bets on the horse Paul identifies to be a potential winner. After their win, Paul and Bassett give Paul’s mother a very expensive gift, but this makes her spend more money, this upsets Paul and he works harder to be lucky.

As a Derby race nears, Paul strives to know the name of the winning horse. He does this by riding his rocking horse so that he can get to a state in which he can be sure about the winning horse. He remains sick on the day of the Derby but Bassett places bets on the horse that was identified by Paul, and even places a bet for Paul. The horse wins and Paul wins eighty thousand pounds, however, he dies at night.

Analysis The Rocking-Horse Winner presents a society in search of love and luck and this is evident from a number of characters. The main characters in the short story, Paul and Hester, are in search of love. Paul’s mother, Hester, entered marriage with a handsome man because of love, but the love died. Even though she has three children out of the marriage, she could not love them, and does not even love herself for she is troubled by a feeling of failure.

The closest she ever comes to finding love is through her son, Paul, but she rejects him too. Indeed, her lack of love for her children is shown when the author writes, “only she herself knew that at the centre of her heart was a hard little place that could not feel love, no, not for anybody” (Lawrence, 1926). While everyone thinks of her as a great parent, only she knows that her heart is hard and cannot love, not even her children who need it very much. To her, success and happiness means getting more money.

Hester’s desire for material wealth surpasses that of other important things such as love and self-knowledge. Her desire for money is insatiable, instead, they lead to disastrous results when she confuses money with love. In her pursuit of more money, Hester loses some basic family values.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Her main aim is to bring up her children in a flamboyant lifestyle, as a result, her relationship with her children and husband dies. Whenever she gets money, she overspends it. Although the family lives in a “pleasant house” complete with servants and a nurse, they take them as show off objects. Hester’s uncontrollable spending creates tensions inside the household and this is personified by the whispering sounds that seem to come out the house and say “there must be more money” (Lawrence, 1926).

Paul’s talk with his mother about luck makes him believe that her mother’s love can only be won with money and luck. She makes a strong connection with luck and money. When Paul asks her whether luck was money, she replies, “It’s what causes you to have money” (Lawrence, 1926). From this talk, Paul concludes that his luck would make her happy, and this would translate to love. In contrary, she becomes greedier and is more concerned about money than loving her son (Snodgrass, pp. 196).

Paul’s ability to identify the winning horse pulls Oscar and Bassett into the betting business. Paul would get onto a rocking boat and rock continuously, like he was part of the race, until he got into a state in which he was sure of the winning horse. At the final race, Paul drives himself harder and harder to identify the winning horse.

His mother’s insatiability and whispering house drives him to try more and more as he knew that he would achieve two important things if he identified the winning horse: make his mother happy, and win her love. Paul’s desperate actions are an attempt to win love from his hard-hearted mother.

These efforts leave him sick and weak. After Bassett tells him that he had won eighty thousand pounds from the derby race, he tells his mother, “…did I ever tell you? I am lucky!” to which the mother replies, “No, you never did” (Lawrence, 1926), this proves that Hester never loved her children, especially Paul. Paul dies that night after failing to win his mother’s love.

Works Cited Lawrence, David Herbert Richards. The Rocking-Horse Winner. In The Norton

Introduction to Literature. Alison Booth and Kelly J. Mays, eds. Portable 10th ed. New York: Norton, 2011. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on The Rocking-Horse Winner specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Snodgrass, William de Witt. A Rocking-Horse: The Symbol, the Pattern, the Way to Live. The Hudson Review, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1958, pp. 191-200