The 19th Century definition of liberalism in adopts the realms and principles of capitalism.The first core assumption of liberal theory in political aspects is that the fundamental actors in politics are members of domestic society, understood as individuals and privately constituted groups seeking to promote their independent interests.
In philosophical aspects, special conditions, limited competition, individual autonomy, and individual behavior are intertwined together to create a defined social order that seek for the promotion of individual welfare.
The most basic tenet of liberal theory is that politics is mixed into the social context, which acts as an effective measure to curtail the powers of the government. In economic aspects, liberalism is a composition of individual who possesses different interests and identities that push them to form economic ties to further their social, political, and economic goals. While this theory is individualistic, its 19th century view is pluralist.
The contributions of the work of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton to notions about natural law began with the theories of Copernicus to the modern scientific world-view. The theories of the these scientists changed the worldview from medieval explanation to proven scientific views.
Copernicus in his Ptolemaic system explained gave an analysis of reason behind an appearance of reverse motions adopted by planets. The impact of the work of Copernicus on man’s conception of the universe and rational thought in scientific disciplines is firmly entrenched in notions about natural law. The development of the first Heliocentric theory of the universe and the Pythagorean system had profound revolutionary implications on man’s conception of the universe and natural law.
Kepler focused on the application of platonic solids to provide explanation on orbit spacing in planets.In his work, Kepler placed the sun at the center of the universe and provided a groundbreaking foundation through which future works in astrology were to draw inferences. This was the premise behind Kepler’s Law’s that had immense impact of natural laws and formed the basis of Newton’s law of gravity.
The impact of Galileo’s work on the universe and natural laws was majorly on mechanics. His outstanding contribution in the classification of acceleration, velocity, and instantaneous motion widely influenced natural laws of science. Isaac Newton on the other built on the concepts of instantaneous motion but Galileo and others. However, his work on dispersion, nature of color, wave nature of lights greatly influenced the view of humankind on nature and significantly contributed to notions about natural law.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Building upon the work of Kepler on the position of the sun at the center of the solar system, Newton developed the law of gravitational pull. His discoveries on the movement of the speed in relation to that of the sun and the Inverse Square Law showed common basis and remained defining discoveries on natural laws.
The importance of Newton’s work for eighteenth century philosophy revolves around their impacts on worldview. Newton’s laws of motion managed to achieve a shift from medieval explanations to proven scientific laws with common basis.
The origin of the natural rights philosophy draws its origin form liberal political philosophy of John Locke. Constitutions of most democracies of the world draw their existence from this philosophy. Natural rights philosophy proposes that men are free, equal, and independent. The government has the moral duty to respect the rights of individuals.
The “natural rights” played a key role in the development of American Constitution and form the key principle in which the constitution is based. The fall and disintegration of the French monarchy and its replacement with principles of equality, citizenship, nationalism, and inalienable rights draw roots from the philosophy of natural rights.
The French revolution was more radical because of the existence of radical elements that exploited government’s problems and weaknesses to seize power and changed system of governance.
In French revolution, the radical elements were the Girondins. Furthermore, the fear of neighboring countries about the prospects of the revolution spreading added fuel to the already turbulent situation in France. This created more internal turmoil and gave the radical movements more resolve to seize power as observed in Jacobin’s case in France.
The difference in characters of George Washington and Napoleon in their contribution to the different ends of the American and French Revolutions revolve around the fact that whereas Napoleon spread the revolutionary ideals of liberalism and nationalism across Europe, he failed to live the spirit of liberalism and natural rights for all in France.
We will write a custom Essay on American History specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More George Washington on the other solved domestic challenges in America and ensured entrenchment of natural rights, thereby appealing to the American majority at the time.
The legacy of the French revolution and the Napoleonic Empire had profound impact in the entire Europe. The ideas of revolution remain embedded in Europe’s law codes and spread to Europe’s colonies across the globe. The non-Europeans were later to use the revolution ideas of French revolution and the Napoleonic Empire to overthrow European’s colonial powers in the rest of the globe. In summary, the French revolution remains a powerful force in modern history.
History of Clinical Pharmacy Opinion Essay argumentative essay help
1910-1959 Success in a professional career requires the ability to learn from the past. It is important to note that the time period between 1910 and 1959 was characterized by several incidences that acted as major platforms for the transformation of pharmacology in the world. Pharmacy in this period was composed of great levels of disorganization. Education and Pharmaceutical Standards were not available for determining the authenticity of pharmacists.
It is also necessary to note that there are significant aspects of current pharmaceutical practice that developed during this era. 1910 was characterized by the development of New York State Board of Pharmacy which helped in the creation of syllabus for the board as well as pharmacology schools which later become a standard for practice.
Five revisions were made to the standard in 1932 even though none of the fourth or final editions were adopted. American Council of Pharmaceutical Education was actually formed during this time. In addition, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, as well as, American Council of Educationwas formed.
The most significant milestone in Pharmacology that was witnessed between 1910 and 1959 era include the formation of pharmaceutical organizations. This provided platforms for the formation of standards used in the practice. This is beneficial since it has led to the development of the pharmaceutical practice today.
The new technologies were based on developments of such standards. The establishment of simple syllabus for the college of pharmacy during that era has also helped to shape the current syllabi in schools. The curriculum used between 1910 and 1959 within pharmacy schools was mainly characterized by simple programs such as B.S program. Learning was based on simple formulations of drugs.
This is a contrast to the current curriculum which is full of development of both technological and complex chemical solutions used in the formulation of drugs and learning. This period was largely significant in terms offormulation of legislations related the practice of pharmacy.
In my opinion, these legislations should have remained because of the fraud cases currently being witnessed in the practice today. On the other hand, I am glad that the technological and scientific developments emerged. This has since led to the changes in the ways of production and manufacturing of drugs (Elenbaas and Worthen 10-13).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More 1960 to 1999 was critical in terms of highlighting transformations in the history of the pharmacy. The use of human knowledge to advance pharmacy was the most critical aspect of pharmaceutical practice that emerged during this period. This period was also composed of a few evolutions in the practice, such as pharmacists being considered as information sources. Pharmacists operated their businesses and took pride in their entrepreneurial skills.
In addition, this period was also characterized bypharmacists showing interests for involvement in healthcare. However, there were several factors that acted as major impediments to the practice, such as inadequate training, laws, ethics, and perceived opportunity (Maehle, Prüll and Halliwell637–41). It is also important to note that trends for involvement in the institutional practice increased in this era.
There are a few notable differences in trend that can be observed between the practice in the 19th century and the trend that has been witnessed since 2000. The major difference is in the use of technology. There are more technological developments that have led to more complex and sophisticated ways of formulation and development of drugs. This is increased accuracy and speed of production. In addition, research within the pharmaceutical field has increased during this era.
This is due to increase in awareness and pressure from the international organizations for the development of curative drugs for most illnesses facing the society. The training offered to students between 1960 and 1999 was mainly characterized by a system of guided instructions in pharmacology (Newton, Alasdair and Chris 1). However, this has since changed because the current era mainly focuses on excessive use of modern technology to enhance teaching.
This is accomplished through reliance on the internet libraries to supplement teaching. Training has been facilitated by improved approach, and several students around the world are currently able to pursue pharmaceutical courses within short periods of time due to the improved infrastructure for learning (Nagle and Barbara 45).
The future prospects indicate that pharmacy is moving to the electronic stage. By 2020, the manufacturing and development processes in drug processing will be highly electronic. Research development in the pharmaceutical field is also likely to increase with the increase in information. There is extensive expansion of knowledge, and this is most likely to increase in the near future. The use of computer technology is also likely to facilitate research. This will lead to more development in the field of pharmacology (Vallance 23).
In my opinion, practicing pharmacology 100 years ago would have prompted me to change the syllabus used in the colleges, as well as, several legislative policies that led to the deterioration of professionalism in the practice. I believe that the curriculum used 100 years ago led to delays in the progress of the practice. A change in the curriculum could have facilitated tremendous increase in effectiveness regarding the practice today.
We will write a custom Essay on History of Clinical Pharmacy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Elenbaas, Robert, and Worthen Dennis. Clinical Pharmacy in the United States: Transformation of a Profession. New York: Harper Collins, 2000. Print.
Maehle,H. Andrea, Prüll R. Cay, and Halliwell Robert. “The emergence of the drug receptor theory.”Nat Rev Drug Discovery, 2002: 1 (8): 637–41. Print.
Nagle, Hinter, and Barbara Nagle. Pharmacology: An Introduction. London: Sage Publishers, 2005. Print.
Newton, David, Alasdair Thorpe, and Otter Chris. Revise A2 Chemistry. New York: Heinemann Educational Publishers, 2004. Print.
Vallance, Smart. “The future of pharmacology.”British journal of pharmacology, 2006. Print.
Visit to the Jewish/Hebrew Historical Sites Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents The Western Wall
The Old City of Jerusalem
The Mount of Olives
The three most significant sites in Hebrew/Jewish tradition I would choose for visiting are the Western Wall, the Mount of Olives, and the Old City of Jerusalem.
The Western Wall The Western Wall, situated in the Old City of Jerusalem, is a remnant of the wall that once marked the boundaries of the Jewish Temple’s courtyard, and is regarded as one of the holiest places among the Jews. The Western Wall holds much information pertaining to the history of the Jews as it dates back to the end of the Second Temple period, its first phase having being built around 19 BCE by Herod the Great. The rest of the wall was built from the 7th century onwards.
The wall is also important in understanding the conflict between Jews and Muslims since the latter claimed that it was being used to support the Jewish claim of ownership of the Temple Mount of Jerusalem. Indeed, there have been numerous violent confrontations between the two groups at the foot of the wall time and again. The Western Wall is definitely a place to visit in the study of the Jewish/Hebrew history.
The Old City of Jerusalem The Old City of Jerusalem, known simply as the Old City, is a 0.35 sq. mile area surrounded by a wall, situated within the modern Jerusalem. Up to the 1860s, this area made up the whole city of Jerusalem.
What makes the Old City an interesting place to visit is its being home to a number of several sites of significant religious importance to the Jewish history,these include the Temple Mount (used by Jews), the Western Wall (used by Christians), the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (used by Christians) and the Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosques (used by Muslims),the Old City therefore brings together both Christians, Muslims and the Jews.
This diversity of religion at the city makes it both a memorable and educational place to visit.The city was inducted into the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 1981 and receives a large number of visitors annually.
Its further significance to the history of the Jews is seen in its mentioning in the Bible, which describes it as heavily strengthened with a strong city wall. The wall has exchanged hands since the 7th Century between Muslims, Christians, and Jews, but is currently under control of the Jews, and is a must-visit for anyone intending to study the history of the Jews.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Mount of Olives Also known as the Mount Olivet, the Mount of Olives is a mountain crop in East Jerusalem comprising of three crests, the highest of which is the at-Tur, rising 2,683 feet. The name is derived from the olive trees that previously covered it. The site is very important to the history of the Jews as it has been used as a Jewish cemetery for more than three millennia and currently holds nearly 150,000 graves.
Some of the most important persons in the Jewish history have been buried at the Mount of Olives, including Biblical kings and Prophets.Consequently, it contains tombs associated with the Prophets Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Prominent rabbis such as Chaim ibn Attar and others from the 15th century onwards were also buried at the site (Har-el, pp. 122).
Apart from being a historical burial place, the site also served as a place for marking the start of a new month, among other religious gatherings and activities. Although the site was massively destroyed when it was occupied by Jordan from 1948 to 1967, it was later restored when Israel regained its control, and still holds a lot information regarding the Jewish history.
Work Cited Har-el, Menashe.This is Jerusalem. Jerusalem: Canaan, 1977.
Causes and Consequences of World War 1 Term Paper college essay help near me
World War 1 that sparked on 28th July 1914 was caused by a number of intertwined factors; the sparking day was when Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo.
The death of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne triggered anger, conflicts, and hostility that had stockpiled for decades among tribes in Central Europe. The stockpiled conflicts and hostility had been built by diplomatic clashes among the then Great Powers (Austria-Hungarian Empire, Italy, France, Great Britain, Germany, and Russia); the failed diplomacy can be traced since 1867, they created and left high tensions among the nations.
There are many versions that have been developed by historians and philosophers, however the most talked and agreed cause is the “One Thing Led to Another”. According to the concept Austro-Hungarian wanted to partake disciplinary measures upon Balkans; however the German repelled them as they wanted greater power and international influence. The move by German did not go well with Britain Navy army who responded by Dreadnought and greater warships.
France also desired to revenge against Germans following disastrous defeat in 1871; the defeat had created rising tension in France Army, they seemed to have been waiting for time to revenge. Japanese and Russian Military war in 1905 created the anxiety to restore some semblance of national prestige; the anxiety was high enough that it could be triggered to war.
The trigger took effect on the 28th July 1914 when every nation seemed to take different stand on the occasion; despite the action, it’s true that the underlying pressures and conflicts only find their path to be expressed unfortunately through war. Factors that led inexorably to World War 1 can be summed up as militarism, alliances, nationalism, and imperialism differences that prevailed among the early 20th century Great Powers.
In Western Europe, the war went till early 1920 however in the eastern side the war ended on 11:00 am GMT on November 11, 1918. The aftermath of the war was felt in economic, social, and cultural arenas in Africa, Europe, and Asia; there were also some effects on those countries that never got involved directly.
In a nutshell the effect can be classified as demolition of countries/territories, formation of international organizations that aimed at preventing any such future attacks, formation of new countries, creating of ideologies in people among others.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Before the end of war in 11th Nov. 1918, Germany lost approximately 523,000 people from hunger and war effect; during war there was what was referred to as blockade of Germany. Blockade of Germany was export restrictions by other war countries to Germany; Germany them depended on importation so the suffering was severe. In 1918, there was an outbreak of flue which was mistaken to be Spanish Flu; it is estimated that the viral disease claimed the lives of over 50 million people worldwide.
The cost involved in the war were much and had an effect on the fighting countries at the expense of economic , social, and political development of the fighting nations. For example the United Kingdom expense made the country to be a net borrower with approximately 40% its government spending being financed from debts. Inflation in Germany, Russia, and United Kingdom doubled between 1914 and 1920. High inflation and strained government spending lead to deterioration of living standards (Divine, Breen, Fredrickson, 2006).
How does Jim Crow emerge and evolve into the system of profound segregation? Jim Crow Laws are United States of America local laws enacted between 1876 and 1956; the laws were enacted with the aim of mandating de jure racial segregation. The laws led to the believe, treatments, and accommodation that Black Americans were separate but equal to their counterparts White Americans.
According to the laws, Blacks were allowed to attend schools, have some economic activities, enjoy some social amenities but they were doing this not at the same facilities with the White Americans. They saw the introduction of some drinking places, public transport, segregation of restrooms for the whites and black Americans.
The name Jim Crow is not aperson’s name as it is likely to suggest; it was the subject of a song by Thomas Dartmouth “Daddy” Rice. Thomas Dartmouth “Daddy” Rice performed in black face and aimed at denigrating blacks through his songs; the song suggest some satisfaction that slaves had by their very nature of being slaves in a mockery manner.
The song gave the background of Jim Crow laws; in the laws as was legislated later suggested that there was no need to have Black-White marriages and any other sexual contact among the two.
In the event that a White was competing with a Black, the laws provided that the White has worn and should be crowned. In social and economic cycles, the interaction of the whites and Blacks was controlled by the laws that neither of the groups was allowed to cross the other party’s path.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Causes and Consequences of World War 1 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Jim Crow laws emerged in the period of 1865 to 1877 where federal laws provided rights to vote and contend for a seat to both White and Black Americans. However the Whites used paramilitary to intimidate and prevent the Blacks from voting; the end result was conservative white democrats dominating in every southern state.
In 1877 national election, there were efforts to gain the support of the southerners; to get the support of the black Jim Crow laws were legislated to create some segregation of black and white.
The way the laws were enacted was in a manner likely to suggest that the blacks have been given some rights and privileges that they never enjoyed under the federal laws.
The rights and privileges were seen as shadow of the Whites as it involved elements like being allowed to go to school, medical care, games, and clubs but the facilities were of lower class than the ones the White Americans went. This created tension among them where the whites were supported by the law to behave in a manner likely to suggest they are superior beings than the Blacks Americans.
The civil rights act of 1964 declared most “separate but equal” (Jim Crow) laws as unconstitutional; the legislation aimed at creating an equal playing ground where both the whites and the Blacks would be regarded as Americans and not be treated differently. Despite the advocacy against the laws, there are some elements of its practice in South America where some whites believe the Blacks are the reason why they suffer thus they need to be treated differently(Divine, Breen, Fredrickson, 2006).
Causes of the Great Depression and how New Deal programs attempt to solve the underlying flaws of the economy?
Great Depression is termed as one of the worst economic downfall to have faced the United States of America; the depression was not caused by a single parameter but by combination of different factors. The causes of the depression are thought to include the stock market clash on October 29 1929; after the clash, two month down the lane stockholders lost approximately $40 billion dollars.
In 1930, there were over 6000 American banks that failed; the failure was followed by huge losses as the banks had not insured their savings.
Those banks that survived were not willing to offer loan facilities thus the economic development and confidence in financial institutions was lost. With the stock market clash and the reduced loan facilities, the Americans were not willing to spend the little saving they had, the net effect was reduction in purchasing across the board.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Causes and Consequences of World War 1 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Other than the economic hardship of the 1929 and 1930, there was drought in Mississippi Valley in 1930 (the drought made the area be nicknamed “The Dust Bowl”) which made people not able to pay their taxes. When taxes are not paid, the government has no finances to spend in the countries development.
As a policy to save domestic companies, the American government introduced a tax called Smoot-Hawley Tariff on imports, the tariff made importation expensive and trading countries shied off from trading with America, the net effect was economic retaliation.
The New Deal policy was an American economic strategy between 1933 and 1936 under President Franklin D. Roosevelt to respond to Great Depression issues. The program aimed at implementing fast and efficient mechanisms to restore people’s living standards and gain confidence with the economy, the policy was working on 3R’s policy (Relief, Recovery, and Reform).
Programs termed as relief focused on the poor and unemployed; under the program the government created jobs for them and looked for ways that people would become self reliant with their businesses. Under the recovery programs aimed at returning the challenged economy to its original state as a growing and strong world economy. Under the policies the government was writing off debts and financing institutions that have succumbed to the Great Depression.
When recovery and relief programs were operating as had been planned, the government embarked on aggressive reforms in policies and institutions in the efforts to ensure such an occurrence will not occur. Some of the institutions addressed by reforms programs include the financial sector, insurances, and large multinationals and manufacturing companies. It was also agreed that policies enacted in the economy be vetted closely to ensure they are quality and can stand economic downturns (Divine, Breen, Fredrickson, 2006).
Compare the leadership styles and policies of Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th United States President, he lived October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919; the leadership style adopted by the president was that that involved the people solve their own problems. He emphasized on equality in resources distribution, power, and opportunities for all citizens regardless their ethnic background.
The leader emphasized on the need to conserve American Heritage; he is remembered for having managed to conserve f 5 national parks, 18 national monuments, and 150 National Forests.
Although Theodore Roosevelt had no problem with other nationalists in America, he emphasized the need to Americanize. In most of his speech he made it clear that any nationalist who qualified and was willing to become an American was welcomed to do so but in the event someone does not want to become an American, then he was opposed to such a person being in the territory.
During his time he made the role of a president felt in the economy where he used his character and knowledge to make decisions that had to be followed to the letter. He is one of American presidents who attended churches and believed in God; he thus advocated for just, integrity, and an economy without corruption.
Franklin Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945) was a charismatic leaders who addressed United States political and economic matters during the era of world war and economic crisis. His charisma was seen in how he physically got involved in matters of economic development and creating strong army in the country to protect its borders.
According to the leaders style the government should act only as a wheel to an economy but the people were the real drivers of an economy. He redefined the role of government in an economy and advocated for social programs that aimed at addressing a certain social program. When making decisions, he was one president who wanted to be involved in every process however in his turn he involved his subordinates when making decisions.
Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Roosevelt ruled in different eras however their leadership styles have a lot in common. Both the presidents emphasized on the role the government should play to facilitate economic, social, and political development in the economy. Again they were cautious of the role that citizens play in the economic system of America. The main difference of the leaders is seen on how they approached making fast and quick decisions.
Theodore Roosevelt never had the need to consult when coming up with a decision but made a decision and stood by it; the style can be termed to have some form of soft dictatorship. On the other hand, Franklin Roosevelt believed in consultation; when making fast decisions, he would consult experts and never minded consulting his oppressors. As long as someone had what it took to improve the American economy, Franklin Roosevelt was willing to work with him or her (Divine, Breen, Fredrickson, 2006).
Discuss the history of the working class movement from the end of the Civil war through the Taft-Hartley Act
The end of American Civil wars in 1865 saw the emergence of labor movements; the movement were aimed at reducing oppression of workers and advocated for better packages and good working conditions. The first labor union was founded in 1866 called National Labor Union (NLU); it was followed by the Order of the Knights of St, Crispin in an year later.
The movements were against the introduction of machinery in the shoes production industry; they claimed that the introduction would lead to loss of jobs. In 1870 with the development of railways transport system, there was the emergence of Railroad brotherhoods; the movement aimed at addressing issues specific in the industry.
They looked into issues like medical and insurance packages to drivers and conductors. In 1916, the consolidated their power and threatened to conduct a national strike; they included movements like the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, the Order of Railway Conductors the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, and Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (BLE). With the threat the government ordered for a ten hour pay for an eight hour day job.
In 1935, New York Senator Robert F. Wagner sponsored a bill that seeks to allow private employers to react on their employees who formed labor unions. The bill seeks to protect employers from oppression from their employees although it came with some exemptions.
The bill excluded employees who were covered by Railways labor Union, government employees, and agricultural employees. The second world war saw the developments of labor unions; during the time 36% American working class joined labor unions this was a rise from 8.7 million in 1940 to over 14.3 million in 1945.
The end of Second World War in August 1945 came the wave of workers strikes demanding better salaries and better working conditions; the strikes were led by labor unions that negotiated on behalf of their members. In 1945 United Auto Workers Union (UAW) sent their members (GM employees) to a strike; 180,000 employees participated in the national wide strike where they demanded better working conditions and wages.
In January the following year, the striking GM employees were joined by almost half a million steelworkers, 150,000 packinghouse workers, and approximately 200,000 electrical workers and numerous other small industry employees. The 1945/1946 strengthened labor unions but weakened the economy.
The United States government decided to enact a legislation which would be an improvement of Wagner Act; the law aimed at creating an alternative method of solving employment contracts disputes other than strikes; the bill was called the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 or Labor-Management Relations Act.
Labor-Management Relations Act was sponsored by Senator Robert Taft and Representative Fred Hartley; the act aimed at creating better platform where employers and employees would debate and solve their disputes in more diplomatic manner than striking. However the bill did not face-out workers striking right but outline some prohibited labor practices (Divine, Breen, Fredrickson, 2006).
Reference Divine, A., Breen, H., Fredrickson, G. (2006). America Past and Present, Volume II (since 1865). New York: Longman
Concepts of Buddhism Research Paper college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction Buddhism is a religion of practice and experiences as opposed to other religions that emphasize on believing in the tenets that define them. This and many other factors have made it hard for many people to maintain their faith in this kind of religion strongly. Like any other religion in the world, Buddhism has its own set of cultural systems, beliefs and symbols, which define acceptable human practices, in terms of spirituality.
Additionally, Buddhism has some secret traditions that focus on individual spiritual development and a deeper insight of the true nature of life (British Broadcasting Corporation 1). Therefore, although Buddhism is one of the common religions, to some level it is a unique religion, because of its traditions, belief systems, and general practices.
History ofBuddhism The origins of this religion can be traced to a prince of the Sakya tribe (Nepal), Buddhain 566 BC. At the age of twenty-nine, he left the comforts of the palace and went out to seek the real meaning of life (Tambiah 121). After six years of arduous yogic training, he abandoned the way of self-mortification and sat under a bodhi tree where he hard a mindful reflection on the misery people went through(British Broadcasting Corporation1).
After this, he wentto the plains of northeastern India for an additional of forty-five more years. His mission was to teach the path of Dharma, which he hard realized during his meditation. During his travelling, he drew many followers from different communities, the Sangha of monks, and later on nuns from different societies; whereby, he made surethat all his converts devoted their lives to practicing this path (Kennedy67).
Beliefs ofBuddhists The four noble truths
During his meditations under the bodhi tree, Buddha leant the meaning of the following four noble truths; truths that he taught his followers during his forty-five years of travelling. According to Buddha, religion is a belief and faith, which should be acknowledging by accepting its beliefs. However, during his teachings, instead of just believing, he taught his followers that there was no teaching without testing. Hence, they should practice the teachings in order for them to realize the truth.
The First Noble Truth: Suffering (Dukkha)
This truth is the root of the other three truths, since it explains about life and suffering. The word Dukkha refers to anything that is in a temporary condition.In other words, it will end including the precious and enjoyable Dukkha(Tambiah 145).
According to Buddha, suffering goes beyond life; the nature of life is closely related to the nature of self and human beings are not just temporal but they are compounded to many aspects of life. Therefore, for them to understand life and death,they must first understand the self. Fortunately, Buddha’s teachings do not end there, but go ahead to explain how human beings can endany form of suffering (British Broadcasting Corporation1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Second noble truth: The origin of suffering (Samudaya)
Buddha claimed to have found out that, the root of suffering was desire (tanha) and it hard three causes, which he called,the three roots of evil, the three fires, or the three poisons(Boeree 33). They included greed or desire, ignorance or delusion, and hatred or destructive urges. He further argued that the connection between positive, negative and neutral sensation and thoughts were the cause of suffering (Tambiah183).
The Third noble truth: Cessation of suffering (Nirodha)
This involves blowing off, letting go, or just simply complete nothingness of any hatred, ignorance and desire.According to him, it is a way of letting go of the three fires (sources of suffering). He emphasized on complete avoiding of these three fires and liberating oneself from their bond (British Broadcasting Corporation1). By letting go all the pleasure and comfort of the palace by moving into the common world to see and experience actual suffering, he demonstrated an example on how people should live.
Under this truth, Buddha introducedNirvana (extinguishing any attachment to the three “poisons” and the significance of reaching enlightenment. He spoke about birth and not so much about death and what happens after death, because all he wanted his followers to concentrate on was how to free their souls from the cycle of suffering (Bradley 1).
The Forth noble truth: Path to the cessation of suffering (Magga)
According to this, for individuals to end their anguish’s, they have to adhere to a set of principles that are known as the Eightfold Path (Boeree62).
This path had eight principles, which were symbolized by the wheel of Dharma. They were Samma ditthi (meaning the acceptance of Buddhist teaching and the right understanding of all the practices), Samma sankappa (right intention or commitment), Samma vaca (telling the truth, avoiding slander and gossip), and Samma kammanta (behaving peacefully and harmoniously).
Others were Samma Vayama (developing positive state of mind), Samma sati (being aware of one’s body sensations feelings and state of mind) and lastly Samma Samadhi (building mental focus that is important for this awareness). This was to act as the bridge or raft for crossing to the other side of enlightenment (Boeree 89).
Buddhists’ Ethics To start with, by all means all believers and other individuals should refrain from any abortion related acts. Buddhists believe that, nobody has the right to annihilate life, because they assume that, causing death is immoral.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Concepts of Buddhism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This religion is an animal friendly religion and it expects humans to treat animal with kindness, although in the three fires that causes suffering, it uses animal symbols. The second main principle ethic centers onpunishment.According to the teachings of this religion, there should no coalesced policy on capital punishment, because of the existence of different forms of Buddhism (Boeree 124).
Another ethic is on contraception.According to the teachings of this religion, it is ungodly to use any medicine that prevents conception, because the use of these drugs is a form of causing death (Tambiah200).In addition, according to this religion’s teachings, euthanasia and going to war is wrong. On the other hand, there are no rules about organ donations, but its followers look at it a way of stopping suffering or being charitable (Bradley 1).
One of the main customs of this religion is venerating the Buddha. This is a practice that that is respect, because it is taken to be a way of meditating and honoring the qualities of Buddha. Another custom is the sacred mandala. This comprises of a picture of the universe painted on a wall or on a scroll that represent an imaginary palace that the Buddhists reflect on during contemplation (Bradley 1).
The third common custom is meditation.According to this religion, the state of being mentally and physically involved in an action that detaches one from his or her thoughts and feelings, with an aim of becoming more aware.In addition to these, adherents of this faith also believe in worship.
They do worship from both home and temples, but at home, they set aside a room to serve as the shrine. This room has a statue of Buddha, a rile banner and some candles in front of the statue(Boeree 89).
On f the holy days of this religion is Dharma Day or Asalha Puja. Followers of this religion have set aside this day as one their holy days, because it marks the beginning of Buddha’s teachings after his enlightenment. This religion also celebrates Kathina Day. It is the oldest festive and it is the day at the end of the Vassa (monsoon period).
This day is commemorate to remind believers of this religion some of the places where the nomadic Buddhist spent their three months. In addition to these days, this religion has aLoser‘s day, which is day that marks the Tibetan New Year(Boeree 43).
On the other hand, buddhists celebrate Parinirvana Day, which is the day of the Mahayana festive that marks the death of the Buddha. Another holly day that is important to this religion is the Sangha Day. This is one of the most vital days in this religion, because it is celebrated to honor the Buddhist community(Boeree165).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Concepts of Buddhism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Buddhism Demographics
Buddhism spread fast during the fourth and fifth century and currently it has over three hundred million followers in the world. Some of its sub-divisions are Korean Zen Buddhism, which has over eleven million followers and nine thousand temples, Mahayana Buddhism that is the strongest in Tibet, China, Taiwan, Japan and Mongolia.
Another subdivision is the Nichiren Buddhism, which is found majorly in Japan, although it also has a fast growing number of followers in the United Kingdom (Boeree 187) in addition to these, there is also Pure land Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism, which is the strongest in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, and sections of Laos. Finally, there is Zen Buddhism, which a combination of Indian Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism from China, Korea and Japan, Tibetan Buddhism (Boeree174).
Conclusion In conclusion, Buddhists do not worship gods or deities. This religion started more than two thousands five hundred years ago with just one leader (Siddhartha Gautama) and five followers, but presently, it has over three hundred and seventy six million followers globally (Bradley 1). This religion is one of the unique religions, because of its unique principles, teachings, and morals, which mainly focus on methods of alleviating human suffering, unlike other religions that emphasize on only how to live a righteous life.
Works Cited Boeree, George. The Basics of Buddhism Wisdom. Pennsylvania : Shippensburg University Press, 1989. Web.
British Broadcasting Corporation. “Buddhism. BBC. Web.
Bradley, Cheryl. Buddha’s Trellis. Buddhism and the Tree of life. Tarot Canada. 17th April. 2010. Web.
Kennedy, Chen. “Buddhism History.Buddhism in China. Pennsylvania : Princeton University Press, 1964. Print.
Tambiah, SJ. Essentials of Buddhism.(1976): 221.
Thematic Analysis of Lorraine Hansberry’s “A Raisin in the Sun” Analytical Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
A Raisin in the Sun depicts the life of an African-American family of Youngers living in Southern Chicago during 1950s. The play opens with Youngers preparing to receive $ 10,000 for insurance, from Mr. Younger’s life insurance policy. As a result, all adult members of the family have budgeted for the money with each individual having varying opinions on how to spend the cash. Mama, the head of the family plans to buy a house and fulfill her lifetime dream which she shared with her late husband (Morrin and Hansberry 13).
Walter Lee, Mama’s son is contemplating on investing his share in a liquor store in order to get finances that would salvage the family’s financial status. On the other hand, Walter’s wife shares her vision with Mama and hopes that their son Trivis will find the world a better place to live. Lastly, Beneatha gives her medical school tuition first priority as she tries to figure out her identity by reflecting on their history and Africa.
This competition leads to a clash of dreams as more challenges emerge as the family later moves to Clybourne Park, fulfilling their shared dream. They remain optimistic and united as they hope for a better life in future (Sparknotes 101 literature 703).
The play illustratesa number of themes which the writer illustrates using different events and reactions as portrayed by Mama and her family. All the family members have aspirations and dreams which are universal and shared among other people from different backgrounds (Hansberry 25).
Walter’s understanding of this American dream marks the center of the conflict in the play. Hegets addicted to the middle-class philosophy of materialism and believes in rising to become a better person through hard work and determination. Hansberry illustrates Walter’s perception towards Charlie’s business that earns him $100,000 annually. He ignores everyone’s opinion towards his intentions of running a liquor storewhich he adopts with desperation as means to realize his dream.
The same is demonstrated as Walter considers accepting an offer from Mr. Lindner without visualizing the implication of this business deal. He sees it as the only way to recover his lost money. Walter’s wrong interpretation of the American dream is challenged as he carries illegal transactions before his son. He revises this understanding after finding it hard to deal with Mr. Lindner (Sparknotes 101 literature 703).
Additionally, Hansberry develops female gender identity throughout the play by representing three generations of women. Lena assumes the headship of the family in her early thirties after the death of her husband, Walter Senior. Having been brought up in the South during dangerous times of lynching, she relocates to the Northern part with the hope of finding peace and a better life. Despite the fact that Lena is ahead of time, her dreams remain anchored on the well being of her family rather than selfish interests.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Scholar Claudia, Lena’s disregard to herself is fashioned by gender conditioning which affirms that the needs of a woman ought to be connected to the family alone (Washington 113). She puts up with her husband’s immoral behavior under poor conditions and struggles to support him. This clearly portrays a conflict between men and women regarding their positions in the society. Women are not considered for material wealth as they are expected to better the life of their families.
Unlike Lena, Ruth engages her husband in arguments although she goes ahead to please him by commenting positively about the liquor business to Lena. She also pleads with her sister-in-law, Beneatha not to provoke her brother about the kind of businesses he is involved in.
She ends up doing all kinds of jobs to enable the family to move to a better house. On the other hand, Beneatha is a no-nonsense feminist college student who is against the unfair treatment and expectations of the society from women (Hansberry 27). She does not see the reason why women are considered less human yet they are expected to take care of their households.
She constantly rejects and criticizes the ideas of her brother who makes misinformed decisions based on mediocre interpretation of the American dream. She challenges Walter’s male chauvinism and rejects men like George Murchison who have no recognition and single respect for women in the society (Washington 111). The writer clearly exemplifies how the perception of women towards their identity in the society has tremendously changed.
In addressing gender imbalance in the society, Hansberry defines a man using Walter whose course of action is mainly dictated by the fact that he is a man (Washington 111). In his capacity as a son, husband and father, Walter demonstrates men’s view over gender balance and discrimination. He pretends to love his son so much and wants to appear innocent and honorable in hiseyes.
He understands the financial constraints of the family yet he manages to give a dollar to his son every time he requests for fifty cents (Morrin and Hansberry 12).
Walter chooses the liquor business to make personal wealth and to provide for his family. He wants to make his wife happy and take his son to a prestigious college of his choice. He provides for his mother by stepping in his father’s shoes during her old age. He decides to degrade in his futile efforts to achieve his goals.
We will write a custom Essay on Thematic Analysis of Lorraine Hansberry’s “A Raisin in the Sun” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The play generally describes several themes which revolve around the life of African-Americans in 1950s. Through gender issues, American Dream and poverty, Hansberry discusses family life in a contextual manner that permits imagination of the social set up of Youngers.
Works Cited Hansberry, Lorraine. A raisin in the sun. New York: Vintage Books, 1994. Print.
Morrin, Maxine, and Lorraine Hansberry. A Raisin in the Sun. Piscataway, N.J: Research
“To His Coy Mistress” – Summary essay help
Andrew Marvell’s poem “To his coy mistress”dates back to the 17th Century but hit is still popular in the 21st Century. Most likely, the poem was written by Marvell even before he served as a minister in the government of Oliver Comwell.This paper seeks todiscuss significant reasons and premises behind the fact that the poem remains popular up to nowadays.
The paper also investigates the reasons why Marvell’s poem is still popular,and why it is used by many authors in the 21st century (MacLeish, 198).
The persona in the poem refers to a woman who, according to him, is slow in responding to his sexual advances. The persona spendsand lives his life for decades doing nothing but just admiring her body part by part.The woman’sfailure to comply is never putting him off. In the first stanza, he makes a description of how much he is able to cherish and love this woman if only she could spend some unlimited timetogether with him.
He remembers the manner in which human life is short in the second stanza, and states that once this time is over, there would not be the opportunity to enjoy life with one another. However, the persona appeals to this woman to comply with his advances in the last stanza and asserts that when people love one another, they actually make use of the most short human life they live together (Marvell, 02).
This poem “To his coy mistress” has been popular since the 17th Century because of the composite elements and various contexts found in it. The elements and patterns used in this poem have been used up to the 21st century since other authors popularizeit among themselves by using various lines in their pieces of work.
The elements such as image, alliteration, metaphor, and tone that are used in this poem help us deeply understand the meaning of the poem and the nuances enriching the said meaning. In another perspective, Marvell’s poem “To his coy mistress” is still popular due to the fact that it has been taken as a fable of a political rebellion.
The poem suggested rejection of the existing structures of power and conventional beliefs in the 17th Century. Marvell clearly puts his monarchy ambivalent relationship defined by Charles’ execution. His contemporaries always illuminated particular tensions between the society and self emerging in his poem. This has made the poem relevant and useful up to this 21st Century (MacLeish, 198).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Andrew Marvell’s poem “To his coy mistress” is still relevant and popular up to now because of the themes portrayed in it. Marvell issues challenges that are contemporary to the beliefs perceived about female sexuality. This is forever an issue of concern and still makes the poem popular.
The years of reformation has witnessed a drift away from the embrace of celibacy of the church to the emphasis of the holy matrimony. Just as the 17th Century emphasizes significance of the female chastity in the marriage, the same tendency can be observed in the 21st Century as well. The poem also warns about spiritual and moral repercussions of lust which is still a concern in this century making it popular up to date (Strand 203).
In today’s century, many authors still use the phrases from Andrew Marvell’s poem “To his coy mistress”. For instance, Robert Penn Warren used the phrase “World enough and time” as a title to his novel making the poem popular among new generations. Other philosophers of physics and science fiction books borrowed phrasesfrom the same poem while other authors have written various books about the biography of Andrew Marvell making his works popular around the world (Strand 105).
In my opinion, Andrew Marvell’s poem “To his coy mistress” may have remained popular to date due to the kind of fame other authors have been branding him. His poem constitutes a lot of styles and attractive lines that every author wants to associate himself or herself with. In other aspects, the ideas portrayed in the poem are vital; Andrew Marvell discusses various significant themes in his poem that are still perceived by many readers as important to the society.
For instance, the theme of love has been expressed in the whole poem. The speaker in the poem adores a woman and tells her how much he can love her and want to spend a few moments they have on this earth together if only she could comply with his requests. These are common practices and experiences that we go through in our daily lives.
Therefore, the poem is still used as an example of how to educate learners in the 21st Century. Other authors are gaining credits in their works by citing the works of Andrew Marvell in their pieces of work (MacLeish 200).
In summary, Andrew Marvell’s poem “To his coy mistress” is still relevant and useful in this century due to its composite elements, style, and themes illustrated in it. This paper has, therefore, discussed the reasons why the poem written in the 17th Century is still popular in the 21st Century.
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Stress Management Report college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Causes of Stress at Work
List of References
Introduction Stress Management has been an issue to various managements in both public and private sectors. Productivity and efficiency are directly affected by the ability of employees to manage their stress in an effective manner. The management should therefore help them reduce their level of stress through these methods: institutional programs, collateral programs, training and development, and support incentives. If stress is managed properly, organizations can reduce costs that arise due to employees stress.
Causes of Stress at Work Many organizations in the world, both in public and private sectors, are facing many challenges that range from economic recession, international insecurity, increasingly knowledgeable customers and cutthroat competition in the market. Business environment has become unfriendly, and survival of firms largely depends on how best the management can approach the current market changes. Daft (2010, p.432) explains that for a firm to be effective in its operations, there must be emphasis on the human aspect.
The employees must be put at the forefront and they must understand the strategic objectives of the institution. Employees are also faced with many issues such as job insecurity, poor working conditions, family issues and career ambition among others that affect their performance.
Stress among employees poses a serious threat to development of any organization. World Health Organization, in its recent reports, has stated that stress is a major cause of many health problems. Stress also reduces the attention of an individual to less than 50%(Lake, Griffiths and Cox, 2003, p.5). Stress has made many employees lose their lives at workplaces, especially those dealing with heavy and dangerous plants.
A driver can easily lose focus of the road if s/he is under an uncontrolled level of stress. This can lead to loss of not just his/her life, but also those of other important employees.Upon this basis, this report was conducted in order to come up with ways through which stress can be put in control. From the findings of the report, I came to improve my knowledge on the causes, Implications and ways of managing stress.
While undertaking the survey on management of stress in organizations, I came to realize that the sources of stress to employees are many and vary from one employee to another.
While some employees are stressed by lack of ambition to improve their careers, others are affected by the poor working conditions and low wages. In addition, family issues at home affect the performances of other employees. Lastly, employees are stressed by work related stress such as the type of job performed or the supervision and management received in the course of duty.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In order to manage stress, it is important that an organization and its employees identify the causes of stress. I realized that it is in the light of these causes of stress that stress can be effectively managed at work. This is because the programs set up to manage stress are focused on eliminating the cause of stress and alleviating the effects to both the individual employee and the firm
Stress Management While conducting survey on stress management in organizations, I realized that many scholars have conducted research on issues related to stress. The scholars have examined how it affects the output and the general success of firms. Their findings converge at the point that stress leads to serious failures and if not taken care of in time, an organization can be forced to fold up its operation.
Competition in the current market is so stiff that a little dissatisfaction from a customer will lead to his avoidance from it in his next visit. While employees serve the firm’s customers, they too manufacture the products. Any dissatisfaction on their part could be detrimental to the performance of the firm.
I came across Parker (2007, p.23) who asserts that organizations should have proper stress management units to avoid situations where employees transfer their stress to customers; through poor customer service. Leka, Griffiths and Cox (2003, p. 3) taught me that work related stress are because of mismatching of work assignment and employees abilities.
An employee is given a task that is out of his/her scope. They hence strain to attain the requirements of the task, leading to stress. Management should make an effort and match employee’s capabilities and their skills.
In spite of the urgent need to manage stress, I learnt that stress management could be complex. Fried (2008, p. 61) posits that stress management units within a firm can use various techniques to reduce strains among the employees.Form these authors, I leant that some of the organizations I surveyed have employed various stress management techniques some of which include these.
In the course of my survey, I learnt that many firms have employed collateral programs, which I came to realize encourage employees to move on with life. Through these programs, employees are able to manage their stress while improving their performance. Some of the collateral programs I came across included the health promotion programs, employee wellness programs and stress management programs.
We will write a custom Report on Stress Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Such programs contain many activities that improve the activities of an organization with regard to the needs of an employee. An important lesson is that the wellness of employees is not only about the physical health of employees but about the surrounding environment and things that affect the employees both directly and indirectly (Cunningham 2000, p. 109).
I found out that some organizations employed institutional programs to reduce the stress among their employees. Such institutional programs entailed various mechanisms employing many strategies to reduce stress. For instance, I found one organization using the work balance strategy that aimed at establishing a balance between work and social life. This strategy entailed redesigning various jobs for employees such as working in shifts rather than over time.
In order to reduce and contain stress on organizations, I found out that other firms have incorporated other stress management programs. For instance, one firm had begun training and development program for its employees as well as technical skills training programs. Through such programs, I learnt that the firm wanted to reduce stress related to type of job an employee does.
In addition, while other firms were intervening by training their employees on ways of managing stress, other employers had established support intervention centers in the firm.
Under such centers, any employee perceived of being stressed by any issue either at work or at home would visit such centers. According to the findings of my survey, the centers had proved an effective way of managing stress in organizations since organizations reported reduced stress among their employees and improved performance (Weinberg, Southerland
An Analysis of Kirkpatrick Jennet’s Uncivil Disobedience: Studies in Violence and Democratic Politics Analytical Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Abolitionists on a violent path of liberating slaves
Vigilante Committees Out to Restore “Order”
The Lynch Mobs
Taking the Law into Their Own Hands
The Purposes for Studying Uncivilized Disobedients
Introduction Throughout the history of the United States, various segments of the citizenry have resorted to armed and violent efforts in a bid to achieve their various divergent socio-political aims. Indeed, even the American Revolution itself was characterized by violent armed efforts by disgruntled citizens then under the English rule.
Specifically, as the US history testifies, various militant groups, fighting for and advocating various causes, have modeled their violent efforts on the idealism espoused by the fighters of independence.
Therefore, the armed abolitionists of the pre-Civil War era, the lynch mobs in the American South, and the vigilance committees in frontier areas during the famed “go west” excursions by American families are identified as “uncivil disobedience” by author Kirkpatrick Jennet.
According to the author, these militant, and usually violent groups of citizens view themselves as vanguards for republicanism (Kirkpatrick 11).
These groups are usually roused and motivated by a sense of discord that they discern in law or in the constitution, where they may perceive a sense of wrong, and they thus justify their violent efforts to correct these injustices, wrought by law, by engaging in violent “uncivil” acts of disobedience to authority.
For instance, in the case of violent abolitionists, having witnessed the ills of slavery and perceiving the sense of moral and legislative wrong in slavery and its applicable laws, they took it upon themselves to liberate slaves violently in order to correct what was, in their view, an injustice.
Therefore, uncivil disobedience regards their efforts as sanctioned by morality, coupled with a sense of duty for correcting a wrong legalized by law or within a constitution. This sense of idealism drives the uncivil disobedience, despite the usually catastrophic outcomes of their violent campaigns, where innocent lives are lost.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Abolitionists on a violent path of liberating slaves The abolitionists of the pre-civil war days began their campaigns on purely ideological opposition to the institution of slavery. However, the slow pace of abolition of slavery in many states and on the federal government level slowly led a number of committed abolitionists towards the path of violence.
The famous case of John Brown and his militant drive to create an anti-slavery revolution in the American South is a case in point. This act led to the death of many innocent men women and children, and the destruction of property, ultimately earning Brown death sentence.
Vigilante Committees Out to Restore “Order” Similarly, the actions of the vigilance committees in frontier towns where such committees acted as both prosecutor and judge in many cases qualify as uncivil disobedience.
According to the author, such committees were primarily moved by racist and xenophobic motives (Kirkpatrick 10). Many times the victims of wrath and unqualified judgment of members of these committees were immigrants out to claim their share of the illusionary American Dream. The violence meted out on these unfortunate immigrants, and their families by members of these committees were mostly based on unsubstantiated accusations. As stated earlier, the driving force was the racist agenda of the members of these committees.
The Lynch Mobs The lynch mobs of the American South killed nearly three thousand African Americans, from the period immediately following the Civil War, until well into the first half of the Twentieth Century. After the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln during the war granted African American freedom from slavery, many Southerners were bent on ensuring that the African Americans did not enjoy equal civil rights as intended by the Proclamation.
Therefore, through terrorizing and lynching African Americans for any reason the mobs would come up with, African Americans were never able to exercise and enjoy equal civil liberties until the Civil Rights Act legislation was passed nearly a century later.
Taking the Law into Their Own Hands The common thread in the violent acts of these three groups; the abolitionists, the vigilante committees and the lynch mobs was their contention that available law enforcement institutions had failed to deliver justice, and thus they had little choice, but to actualize their version of justice violently through citizen power and democratic ideals enshrined in the constitution of America.
We will write a custom Essay on An Analysis of Kirkpatrick Jennet’s Uncivil Disobedience: Studies in Violence and Democratic Politics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The contention by these uncivil disobedient groups that law enforcement agents had failed in their duties is hardly plausible. In the case of John Brown and other militant abolitionists, the real picture is that they had failed to allow the responsible institutions to handle the matter of abolition within the limits of law and the constitution.
In the light of the Civil war, and the emancipation proclamation that later freed the slaves, John Brown’s attempts of creating a violent anti-slavery rebellion seem unnecessary. Similarly, the vigilante committees believed that they had to take the action of preserving law and order because the law enforcement institutions in the frontier towns were inept.
Thus, the uncivil disobedience in the form of vigilant committee members visited terror on many immigrants under the guise of law enforcement. Concerning the Southern lynch mobs, they were mainly driven by a racist agenda that believed that the government had failed them by granting freedom to slaves and subsequently robbing them of a free source of labor.
Ultimately, uncivil disobediences cause unnecessary deaths, destruction and suffering on their victims. Insofar as these groups cause damage, on both their unfairly targeted alleged enemies and other innocent citizens in the name of democratic ideals, constitutionalism, and/or republicanism, their acts indicate a willingness to use the wrong means to secure just ends.
The Purposes for Studying Uncivilized Disobedients Author Kirkpatrick gives several reasons for her interest in studying the uncivil disobedience’ violent means of understanding and enacting citizenship. Her first reason involves what, in her view, is the over-glorification of democracy and democratic ideals by uncivil disobedience.
According to the author, uncivil disobedience ‘moralize’ democracy and view it in absolute terms, a view which drives them towards their violent causes incase of a discord between the ideal and the real/actual. When the uncivil disobedience view democracy in such absolute terms, the actual reality of the implementation of such ideals of democracy produces a discord in their conscience that drives them towards militancy in an effort to correct the perceived discord.
Indeed, according to Kirkpatrick uncivil disobedience are usually extremely confident of their moral and political convictions (15). However, since democracy is much more complicated and even un-ideal, uncivil disobedience is slightly misguided in their, sometimes valiant, efforts at correcting perceived injustices.
Secondly, uncivil disobedience work with the wrong assumption that the will of the people, at any time, should triumph over existing laws and the constitution. Author Kirkpatrick believes that, such an assumption presupposes a lot and captures little of the real intention of laws and constitution.
Not sure if you can write a paper on An Analysis of Kirkpatrick Jennet’s Uncivil Disobedience: Studies in Violence and Democratic Politics by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite the intentions and ideals of democracy, the position that popular sovereignty should always reign is a recipe for chaos. Many laws are enacted and legislated in order to preempt future acts by people which may lead to chaos and disorder, whether such actions are advanced under the banner of popular sovereignty or not.
Therefore, disobeying such laws and institutions, even in justified causes such as the abolition of slavery, and thereby engaging in violent and murderous acts is tantamount to terrorism. Indeed the author is of the view that uncivil disobedience is akin to terrorism.
Conclusion Militia groups and other entities of uncivil disobedient groups take a short cut towards democracy and in the process cause unnecessary harm and suffering on innocent citizens. These groups often cite the fact the necessary political institutions had failed them, thus their resorting to violent means.
However, as the author suggests if political and social institutions fail their citizenry in republics and democracies, the ideal action that the citizens should take is reformation of these institutions. Indeed, that is the purpose and intent of all democratic societies, that of changing the institutions that do not seem to fulfill the purpose for which they were created.
Therefore, ultimately militias and other uncivil disobedience groups are on a lost cause. As discussed in this essay, their tendency to view democratic ideals and applicable laws in absolute terms create discordance with the reality that leads them into unnecessary violent endeavors, where most of the time innocent citizens pay the price of such actions with their lives.
The ideals of democracy and republicanism that many of these uncivil disobedient groups espouse dictate that the proper path would be to seek a means of changing the unjust laws and institutions in a civil and proper constitutional manner.
Works Cited Kirkpatrick, Jennet. Uncivil Disobedience: Studies in Violence and Democratic Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. Print.
What factors contributed to the dissolution of the Roman Empire? Essay essay help site:edu
One of the major reasons that led to the fall of the Roman Empire was the decline in morals particularly among the emperors, nobles as well as the upper rich classes. For example, Emperor Tiberius had kept young boys in his palace for his homosexuality;and Emperor Nero often ordered for male slaves to be castrated to allow him take them as his sex partners(Roman Colosseum Info 5).
Besides, during religious festivals like Bacchanalia and Saturnalia, sexual promiscuity, ribald songs as well as lewd acts were practised. As a result, forced prostitution as well as bestiality increased throughout the empire. People began to use gladiatorial combats as well as chariot races to gamble as consumption of alcohol became rampant (Roman Colosseum Info 5). These acts of immoralities had devastating impacts on the empire.
Again, political corruption especially by the Praetorian Guard affected the leadership of the Roman Emperor. It was the Praetorian Guard who decided on who to become the emperor or whether it was necessary to remove the incumbent emperor (Roman Colosseum Info 6). At some points, the Praetorian Guard auctioned the throne of the Roman Empire to the highest bidder. This weakened the leadership of the empire as it now belonged to the rich who had poor leadership qualities.
The Roman Empire was also affected by its fast expansion. The empire conquered many territories including the Greek and the Barbarian territories, which it could no longer manage effectively. As a result, it needed to defend the Roman territories and borders. Besides, taxes levied on non-Romans were so high that they constantly rebelled (Roman Colosseum Info 7).
Mistreatment of slaves by the Romans also caused rebellions as well as constant slave wars and civil wars. Consequently, the rebellions, slave wars and civil that were relentlessly staged by the non-Romans weakened the empire’s ability to defend itself.
The cost of defending the expanded Roman Empire became so high that the economy could no longer sustain. High inflation as well as heavy taxation affected the economy such that the government was often threatened by bankruptcy. Besides, most of the gold that was available was used to buy luxury goods creating shortage of gold that was to be used to make Roman coins (Roman Colosseum Info 11). As a result, the Roman currency was devalued. This further strained the Roman economy.
The spread of Christianity within and outside the empire also contributed to the decline of the empire. Millions of people who were under the rule of the Roman Empire became tired of its rule (Roman Colosseum Info 17). The message of life after death gave them the courage to rebel against the empire. They became pacifistic, and this worsened the empire’s troubles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Roman Empire was also weakened by natural disasters like famines, plagues as well as earthquakes. Natural disasters weakened its capacity to defend itself or to manage revolts and civil wars. As a result, the Roman Empire became disintegrated.
The fall of the Roman Empire is also attributed to the constant attacks from its enemies especially the Barbarians. Its frequent warfare with its neighbors required much military spending which it could no longer manage as the economy was also falling.
Besides, the Roman military became over-stretched, and hence called for reinforcement to help it defend the empire. As a result, the conquered Barbarians as well as other mercenaries were recruited into the Roman army. This weakened the army further as the Barbarians gained knowledge of their military tactics.
The Barbarians in the army turned against the empire and joined the other Barbarians in attacking the Roman Empire. The final blow to the Roman Empire came from the Barbarian Invasion which occurred in 410 and another one in 415 (Roman Colosseum Info 18). These invasions led to the disintegration of the Roman Authority, and finally, itsfall.
The Black Death Conditions in Western Europe that contributed to the spread of the Black Death
The Black Death hit Europe in 1347-1351 causing loss of many lives in Europe (Herlihy 25). Cold weather conditions, poor knowledge in medicine, war and famine were the major factors which contributed to the spread of the disease.
Civil war in China which took place in 1205-1353 between the Mongol hordes and the native Chinese interfered with farming and trade, and this led to widespread famine across many regions (Herlihy 25). It is possible that the Mongols who were merchant caravans brought the disease from central Asia to Europe.
The disease was first reported in Trebizond and Constantinople which were trading cities, at around 1347 (Herlihy 26). It was during this time that the Mongol warriors attacked the Genoese possession of Caffa. After a prolonged siege, the Mongol army was reported to be dying from the disease.
We will write a custom Essay on What factors contributed to the dissolution of the Roman Empire? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Mongol army decided to use infected corpses to drive the Genoese traders out of the city by capitulating them over the city’s walls. As the traders fled to southern Europe, they transferred the disease to this region where it spread to Western Europe and other parts of Europe.
The extremely cold weather, which was known as “Little Ice Age” that began towards the end of the 13th centuryfueled its spread (Herlihy 27). The cold weather extended into the 14th century and reached its climax in the first half of the century. This weather had severe results across the globe.
A catastrophic famine, known as “the Great Famine”, struck Northern Europe including parts of Western Europe in 1315-1322 (Herlihy 27). Besides, there was no hay, wheat or oats for livestock to feed on. As a result, livestock population diminished causing more hunger and malnutrition. Livestock population was further reduced by anthrax which killed animals in Europe, especially cattle and sheep. This occurred in 1318 causing reduction in food supply as well as income to farmers (Herlihy 27).
Hunger as well as low-level debilitating disease affected the productivity of farmers. This lowered the production of grains. The consequence of the famine was therefore weakened immune system which increased the vulnerability of the population to the disease.
In addition, the governments of Europe did not have the capacity to respond to the epidemic since nobody knew the cause of the disease or even how it spread. The measures that were instituted by the monarchs to control the disease were also ineffective.
Effects of the disease on the social structure
Black Death led to a significant decrease in the continent’s population by about 30-50% (Herlihy 29). However, this increased the social mobility across Western Europe. It created shortage of cheap labor which made landlords to compete for laborers, hence, increasing wages to acquire their services. Thus, the pandemic improved the situation for peasants who survived. Due to the shortage of labor, they had more power since they were in high demand. Besides, there were more available fertile lands for them.
The Black Death weakened the church’s power in Western Europe and the continent as a whole. As a result, the social roles that the church had played before were substituted by secular ones (Herlihy 29). The epidemic also led to peasant revolts across many parts of Europe, particularly in Western Europe. Such included the English Peasant Revolt, the Jacquerie Rebellion in France and the Ciompi Rebellion in Italy (Herlihy 29).
Works Cited “Causes for the Fall of the Roman Empire.”Roman Colosseum Info. Roman Colosseum Info, 2008. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on What factors contributed to the dissolution of the Roman Empire? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Herlihy, David. The Black Death and the Transformation of the West. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1997. Print.
Cuban runaway slave Essay (Article) best college essay help: best college essay help
Runaway slave experience is a slavery viewpoint as narrated by Cuban run away slave known as Esteban Montejo. Esteban gives his harsh experience in the life of slavery between late 1800s and early 1900s. The experience also entails life and treatment of other slaves in Cuba. The slaves used to live in poor conditions especially in barracoons.
Filthy living conditions infested by parasites that were harmful to human health. The experience was harsh all through as diseases spread so much, due to small closed living quarters. The slaves were given small plots, where they would plant some vegetables.
The experience of the runaway slave was a clear show of perseverance and a strong heart throughout. When he escaped from slavery, he describes himself as a free man, although he used to live in the forest. He struggled in the forest while using banana leaves as shelter, and animal caves as his temporary house.
Everyone wanted to listen to him, after realizing he was a run away slave. However, after living for so many years as a lonely person, it became difficult for him to speak to people about his experience.
Both northern and southern parts had slave societies. Their only differences were their opinions concerning the slavery. The development of their economies marked the base for their differences. The northern part was more developed with industries and regular market revolutions. The presence of industries reduced the need for manual laborers in the place.
The southern part was an agricultural society that relied much on work force to work on their large farms. They needed more slaves for their productivity to remain high. Moreover, their views on ending slavery differed as one part needed slaves more than the other.
The African-American views on slavery were also different. It was a fact that the use of slavery was not profitable at all, but it was used for racial discrimination and to instill inferiority to Africans. This was a way of differentiating Africans from Americans. On the other hand, some blacks used to stress the importance of slavery, while others emphasized on stopping that practice.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The majority were campaigning for the end of slavery, as it was instilling fear to foreigners. Some African-Americanswere terribly oppressed, and slavery was the only way through which they could survive. Some were not even in a position to express their views, as they were considered inferior.
It was the wish of African-American to see the end of slavery in America. Both north and south had slavery societies; the only difference was that, one part needed fewer slaves than the other.
Given a choice, African-American would never be part of any culture of either northern or southern part. Joining any part, either south or north, African-American would be like contributing to the act of their discriminatory acts. On the other hand, it was also possible for African-American to be part of the northern part that had a developed economy.
The northern part had an advanced culture, in the same manner as their economy. It was believed that, northerners would stop using slavery earlier than southerners would. Their economy was advanced and was promoting their living standard through industrialization. It would be the wish of African-American to be part of this development, and work on industries rather than working on farms, which showed inferiority.
Selection Tools: The Interview as an Unreliable and Invalid Tool Argumentative Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Why the Interview is Unreliable and Invalid
Ways in which Interviews Can be more useful
Other Selection Tools
Discussion and Conclusion
Introduction Employees are a fundamental component in all organizations since their input leads to the achievement of company objectives. From this realization, many organizations have a Human Resource department whose role includes hiring employees. This activity is very important since the organization may find itself in need of personnel to fill new positions or to replace employees who have left the company.In selecting candidates for employments, a number of tools are relied on to help in the selection decision making.
One of the most commonly used selection tool is the interview which is used to try and get a better assessment of the potential hire. However, research indicates that the interview is unreliable and invalid selection tool (French
Description of Masculinities Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Masculinities arguments
Masculinities imply different versions of describing manly composure and behaviour of both men and women. For three decades, several studies have been carried out in an attempt to come up with a clearer description of ‘masculinities,’ to no avail. Notably, perceptions of masculinity are evolving over time and among as well as within societies, resulting in an array of masculinities.
Whereas some researchers believe masculinities represent various patterns of behaviour inclined toward the roles that men play in the society, others concur that masculinities involve more than just men: that women can also show ‘masculinity’ if their actions and achievements are analogous to that of their male counterparts (Connell1998, pp2-6; Wong et al 2011, pp236-255).
In an attempt to address masculinities, the initial recognition of the social construction of sexuality triggered more discussions on ‘values’ and the ‘normal’ roles of each gender(Connell1998, pp2-6). This was a significant step, nonetheless, in defining the impact of masculinity in the society.
Today, the actual connotation of masculinity has evolved past the notion of ‘the role of men,’ though this notion also defines a ‘group’ of masculinity. An emphasis of compliance with masculine beliefs also goes beyond the manner in which breaking conventional rules may work positively toward building masculinity (Graef,Tokar,
First-Year Students and Issues to Cope With Essay (Article) college application essay help: college application essay help
Proper Scheduling Despite all the excitement and expectations of new life experience caused by the transition to college, this process is also accomplished with much stress for a new student. Freshman year obviously plays a significant role in the personal development as it symbolizes a start of new life – adult life. This is the first time when a student is the only person responsible for his or her well-being; that is why it is extremelybeneficial to make this start fresh and smooth to succeed with further student’s troubles.
The transition from high school opens new opportunities to the freshman such as afreedom of decision making, a new environment, and new acquaintances.However, this newly found freedom also demands much responsibility and mature behavior as the freshman is responsible for all the actions he or she makes; and there is no need to hope for somebody’s assistance. To cope with challenging situations provoked by the new environment is possible through proper socializing and time management.
It is impressive that college gives more time, which is possible to spend according to one’s own mind, but it also demands more time to fulfill the work assigned. Each student should clearly understand that attending the classes is not enough to succeed, it is necessary to perform a lot of additional work and research. This obviously needs a proper scheduling of the day to avoid stress or headaches. Within first months at college, the student faces tests and other academic obstacles that make him or her study hard for hours.
The well-performed coordination of scheduling issues distributes work in portions that can be made with little effort and stress. Procrastination in the studying process is not the choice; it is no longer the norm to do the task in the last minute such as the night before it is due. Getting assignmentsdone in advance or parts is the way to avoid stress pertaining to academic issues, especially within first months at college.
While coping with the college assignments and tasks, it is helpful for the freshman to understand the limits. Proper scheduling can be done with accordance to the knowledge how fast and how much work can a student do. It is advantageous to split up reading materials of big amounts such as novels as it helps to avoid monotony, tiredness, and boredom, and thus causes less stress. Performing tasks assigned in sections needs planning the time accordingly to manage academic tasks in a timely manner.
It is necessary to keep in mind that scheduling also involves social life of a student, besides his obligatory academic assignments. A variety of extra seminars, conferences, workshops, and group studies is offered to students to acquire more knowledge, improve existing skills, and expand the abilities.They also need time and energy and sometimes cause much stress to freshmen who find it hard to adjust to so many changes and academic requirements.
The transition to college is also accomplished with the necessity to get new acquaintances and friends. The student society often provides students with a range of clubs, associations, and groups reflecting different interest and life positions. These communities also require time, especially at the beginning to prove one to be a valued member. Therefore, the main cornerstone in the freshman adjustment with little stress experienced is a proper scheduling of numerous assignments and activities to be done a day.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overcoming Social Stress The transition from high school to college means the transition from home with caring parents and family to an adult life with no support behind the back. The situation of leaving the usual environment a student is accustomed to can cause serious social stress.
Though it is an exciting feeling of becoming a grown-up and receiving the ability to make one’s own decisions, college life also requires a lot of responsibility and maturity. Misunderstandings of these issues on the part of freshmen who have just got freedom make them struggle many difficulties at the beginning of their college experience.
A new life needs to create a new social network to get adjusted in the strange environment. The first significant issue the freshman deals with is sharing a room with a complete stranger. It is essential to take into consideration that the roommate if he or she is also a freshman also experiences difficulties caused by leaving parental house. Hence, the two strange people have much in common – the necessity to establish themselves in the student society, adjust to college life tempo, and succeed in the educational process.
From the first sight, a new roommate can seem a disaster that is why it is critical to take into account his or her level of stress in this situation. The other significant tip is to get acquainted with the roommate’s habits, interests, and preferences and develop a joint plan for a pleasant habitation. Even two entirely different students can successfully live together if they are tolerant to each other’s needs and desires, and nobody tries to establish the dominance.
Besides dealing with a roommate, a freshman also faces the problem to get new acquaintances and friends to avoid loneliness and lack of communication. Every school year starts with a party where a freshman can meet other new students, findcommon interests, or just get involved in the student life.
There are a number of places of interest organized by different student associations to vary a student life and supplement the monotonous academic study with new impressions and experiences. The student society also conducts constant meetings and travels that serve to increase cooperation and interaction among students.
The most notable thing while looking for new friends and mates is to be one’s own person; there is no need to do the thing everyone else does if there is no wish to. A freshman should not worry that he or she does is not going to fit any community or student group unless he or she pretends to be someone else. The student life can be much enjoyable if a freshman pursues his or her own interests and likings and thus, finds the most convenient communication environment.
We will write a custom Article on First-Year Students and Issues to Cope With specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As the college life is a first stage of adult life, it requires mature behavior and relationships with mates, teachers, and partners. The educational staff understands the challenging difficulties a student faces while adjusting in college; however, it is only a student’s task to cope with the assigned work, social life, and living issues.
If a freshman goes to a party, he or she has to understand that staying awake late leads to the late arrival to classes, bad concentration, and hasty; those do not serve for a substantial advancement or relaxing mental condition.
One of the important factors of the successful study process is a sufficient socialization in the student community; this requires close communication with a roommate, course mates, and other students. Nevertheless, social life should not exclude education process or influence progress in studies. An adult person who a freshman already is should cope with all aspects in a grown-up way.
Stress Relievers In addition to academic and social challenging issues, a freshman also experiences stress of the situation in general. The process and understanding of becoming an adult often leads to lower self-esteem and confidence in one’s own abilities to manage a variety of matters and tasks.
A new environment and a necessity to share a living place with a stranger can cause stress and a feeling of loneliness. Multiple academic assignments, tests, and hard study arouse adrenaline rush; such busy social life is also accomplished with an increased usage of caffeine and a necessity to find a part-time job.
There are several tips helpful to adjust and feel comfortable in the college environment. It is crucial to find or create one’s own space where a freshman can focus and concentrate on the study he or she is coping with or just be alone for a while. If a freshman has an ever-present or noisy roommate, the quiet place can be found in the library or a comfortable corner in the coffee shop. During warm periods, the privacy can be established under a big tree far from crowded paces and lanes.
Proper physical condition reflects proper mental one; so a freshman should pay attention to some physical activities to avoid stress. Walking is a perfect relaxation option for the mind; besides, it can be done everywhere and free of charge. A freshman can walk to classes, between them, to a friend’s house or shops, he or she just need to take this advantage.
Another relaxing activity is yoga that is an excellent form of exercise and significantly benefits the health condition. Yoga classes are offered at gyms and in fresh air, and it can be done at different parts of the day.
Not sure if you can write a paper on First-Year Students and Issues to Cope With by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A balance of the right food and enough sleep also assist in avoiding student stress. Though fast food is quick, cheap, and convenient, it does not provide a freshman with all necessary vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates. Constant consumption of fruit, vegetables, fish, and juices balance the food ration and stimulate the learning process.
A proper diet should be accomplished with enough sleeping hours that help the brain to relax and withdraw the useless information. Lots of freshmen find it hard to get enough sleep because they cannot manage their busy schedules. Thus, the learning process should be organized with either late stays awake or morning classes.
There are also a number of stress reliever techniques helpful in overcoming tense situations during college study. The usual lack of sleep can be supplemented with power naps during the day; they are short but enough to relax the mind and boost its productivity. The other helpful technique is visualization that needs several minutes to bring peace and calm to the tired freshman. A student just needs to occupy a comfortable position, close the eyes, and create a line of imagery pictures.
The visualization can be accompanied with breathing exercise eliminating the student from stress. A technique called Progressive Muscle Relaxation is a good start and end of the student day’ the activity involves tensing and relaxing all body muscles. Listening to classic music also helps to concentrate within the learning process, wake up mental productivity, and relax brains at the end of the day.
Despite various techniques serving to relieve stress, it is important to avoid student pitfalls. Proper scheduling of the fulfillment of assignments prevents from all-night studying to manage the tasks due to deadline limits. Proper sleep provides a compelling mental productivity and does not require constant caffeine consumptions. Long night parties also damage the studying process and are better to be exchanged for study groups that are helpful in education and provide necessary communication.
A Perfect Study Session Body and Mind Preparation for Exams
It is obvious that exam period is not a pleasant one as it requires much effort and energy and brings much stress and sometimes frustration. The success in studies is not a gift or blessing, it is a result of a right self-organization aimed to boost brain potential and involve all the abilities. The preparation for an exam should not be done in the last minute and should follow the proper learning of the material during classes and home assignments.
A diligent student do not need to study at nights and in a harsh, he or she just need to follow the tips directed to get the body and mind ready. If the student does not enjoy procrastination during the semester, it is easy for him or her to cope with the preparation.
The main tips of proper exam preparation are a masterly study organization, usage of additional studying sources and techniques, and healthy body condition. The first thing to do is to set a study time and stick to it every day, it is crucial to take constant breaks to relax the mind.
The time should be managed wisely to avoid long-term study sessions, and it is better to dedicate the first part of the day for mental activities.The clear workplace plays a significant role in the educational progress, thus, the desk should be organized to create a positive work environment. If there is no need and help, it is reasonable to cut out social media, TV, and video games before exams.
Before the preparation starts, the student should set goals pertaining to the study process such as how much is aimed to be accomplished a day; moreover, personal limits should be involved in the schedule planning. Setting priorities helps to focus on the most important exams first and stay concentrated on the major aspects.
There is no need to stress too much and be obsessed with the results and consequences as it switches the priorities during the preparation process. It is good to establish cooperation with classmates in person and online to swap notes and conduct study session in groups.
Additional materials and techniques in the preparation assist in boosting brain abilities and potential. There are three main types of memory – visual, audial, and kinesthetic which should be engaged in the studying process. The usage of flashcards and presentations accumulate visual memory, audio sets and music accompaniment serve for audial memory, creation of hand mockups, diagrams, or other supplementing material works for kinesthetic memory.
Gathering old notes and papers, rereading some textbook chapters, and redoing old tests and quizzes help to remind the studies’ material. Besides personal material, it is good to attend the library to expand the knowledge in the field and join study groups that target to provide better information cover within a shorter time period as every member does only a part of the job.
Online resources offer anextensive help in finding necessary information and training; it is reasonable to keep in mind and use online quiz applications such as Quizlet. At the end of the preparation, it is beneficial to answer all study guide questions to check the achieved level of proficiency.
Even proper scheduling and usage of additional materials cannot lead to a good advancement if they are not accompanied by right health condition. Hence, it is necessary to eat well, especially chocolate, fish, and berries that accumulate brain productivity.
The student should also get 8 hours of sound sleep to relax between study sessions; regular exercises also contribute to the successful studying process.It is good to receive plenty of fresh air and drink much water and juice to stay hydrated; it is better to have coffee only once a day and in the morning to stimulate the brain activity and let it relax in the afternoon.
Special Techniques The process of exam preparation is a difficult period demanding hard effort and causing much stress to students. The first rule is obviously to study every day during classes, lectures, and seminars and manage assignments, but even such diligent students face the problem to copy with upcoming examinations. The advancement in studies requires proper scheduling, constant studying, and knowledge of some additional techniques that help to accumulate brain productivity and use its full potential.
The Pomodoro Technique was created and developed to improve time management of students in exam preparation. The main idea of the technique is a study structure consisting of constant breaks and short study periods. There is no need to take a book and dedicate oneself to its investigation for three or more hours as the brain cannot absorb all the read information.
That is why the best way to gain knowledge and make it a long-term memory is to accomplish studies in sections. This allows the student to accomplish the task and keep continuous improvement with little effort and stress through effective time management.
The first step in Pomodoro Technique is to decide on a task, set studying priorities, and perform a concentrated study within 25 minutes. Afterwards, it is necessary to take a 5-minute break to switch the attention from studies and relax the brain. This study-break session can be repeated three times when it is time for a longer break; it is good to take it in fresh air and go for a short walk. The technique is available in application forms such as FocusBooster, Pomodoro, and Pomodoro Time Management Lite. Such sufficient time management helps to achieve educational results with a lot less time spent.
Another excellent technique is an 80/20 rule also known as the Pareto Principle that claims that 80% of student results need only 20% of his or her effort.The main key to achieve sufficient progress is not based on the intelligence level but study skills to focus on the right material needed to accomplish the task.
There are syllabus documents developed for each subject in student course study; these papers and guidelines are available in print and online and should be used to avoid wasting time during the exam preparation process. Moreover, they often include glossary of terms that are required to be learnt while completing course study.
There are also various study guides sold in shops that are helpful in filling gaps in student knowledge. The educational systems claim no separation between students’ outcomes and marks they get; nevertheless, class studies and textbooks are not enough to acquire the course material.
Hence, study guides provide instructions of necessary activities and works to perform a full range of knowledge and focus on right things. The right concentration leads to the cover of all required course content and improves academic performance correspondingly.
One more thing pertaining to time management is a power nap that is a recreation break between study sessions. The main principle of power nap is its short term that, however, allows the body and the mind to relax and prepare for a further work. There are two great ways to experience a power nap not longer than 20 minutes that is enough to gain a new mental energy.
It sounds silly, but it is good to drink coffee when you are extremely tired; the caffeine starts work after 20 minutes, so there is an opportunity to have a short nap before waking up from it. Another way is to set an alarm at 30 minutes and get into bed with the clothes on. Taking into consideration time necessary to fall asleep, the nap takes about 20 minutes; and it is easier to get up when having clothes on already.
Ways to Overcome Distractions
The preparation for exams demands a complete attention to the subject and full concentration on its content. There are a lot of things that interrupt the student from the learning process such as Internet surfing like Facebook and Youtube, noisy roommates, or student parties.
These distractions can be taken as minor hazards for a good advancement; however, it is better to minimize their effects. The progress in education can be achieved only under condition of the complete focus on the assignment; thus, there are some tips assisting in getting rid of surrounding distractions.
The first tip is to turn off the music as it is almost impossible to acquire new and difficult information while listening to song lyrics. The only type of music permissible in the preparation is classic music which is slow and calm and helps to concentrate on the subject content.
Moreover, it also isolates student ears from other minor noises such as outside talks, traffic noise, and murmurs. Therefore, it is reasonable to inform the roommates about one’s study hours and intentions to avoid bothering and interruption on the part of them.
The best place to study is an isolated place where a student can dedicate all effort and concentration to accomplish the task assigned. If it is not possible to stay alone in the room, there are other quiet places perfect for studying like the library or small coffee shops. There is no much difference where to stay for studying, but the student shouldbein a place provoking no temptation to start up a conversation with a friend.
One of the biggest distractions nowadays is the Internet that gives a plenty of opportunities to be distracted from studying for a short time; in fact, most of browsing takes much time and is anenormous waste of learning productivity. The best way to beat this temptation is to cut off the internet or disconnect Wi-Fi connection during the studying. In case, the Internet is needed for some research, the student should conduct it and save the findings on the desktop to prevent further need in the Net.
Other prominent distractors are TV and cell phones that are always at hand and ready to destroy the learning process. Hence, it is better to put the phone silent and out of the view during intense study sessions. There should not be any TV on the background as it lowers the task accomplishment or stops it at all. Majority of favourite programs and films can be watched on the computer later or recorded on TV; thus, no TV, computer games, or phone talks are acceptable in the exam preparation.
One more common distractor is munching, almost every student likes eating while doing homework. Firstly, it is worthless because the focus switches from the study content to the food consuming with all its flavours and aromas.
In scientific language, the blood leaves the brains and concentrates in the stomach to digest the eaten stuff; so it is hard to acquire new information while eating. Secondly, the student desk has to contain only education-related items, and it is often full of valuable papers and course books that can be stained with fat and colorful spots from food.
It is obvious from the said above that there are many distractions, and they are always going to be to get a reason to withdraw from studying. Only a student is responsible for scheduling proper preparation process to achieve success in the studying. The advancement requires self-control to avoid and prevent the possibility of distractors and manage to focus on the work and complete it without time wasting.
Get Your Things Straight The Importance of College Education
It is obviously prestigious to get a college degree, and many students try hard to catch the opportunity to transit from high school to a college institution. However, after entering a college environment, many change their goals and sometimes even do not see their withdrawn from the most important one.
Despite a variety of entertainments, parties, and clubs that are a result of newly found freedom to make decisions and behave correspondently; it is essential to realize that the most significant part that can be gained in college is education.
First of all, college is a conscious choice of what and how to learn with a perspective for future career and well-being. It is a place where a student can acquire knowledge he or she is passionate about and thus, enjoy the learning process. Moreover, college education provides strong competence that plays a significant role in the professional development and high self-efficacy. The advancement in studies increases personal self-esteem and confidence in one’s own abilities and potential.
Besides strong knowledge and skills, college education also provides a student with useful relationships that can be helpful in future life. Classmates with various backgrounds and interests expand each other’s mental outlooks and help a student grow as a person. The variety of opportunities and academic focus assist in figuring out who the person is and who he or she wants to be. This understanding is necessary for everyone to find one’s own place in life and society.
College education is also an opportunity to achieve independence – personal and financial one. This does not only concerns moving from parents’ house, but becoming a responsible adult to make decisions and develop strategies and plans aimed at further prosperity. Hard and diligent studying is often rewarded with part time jobs in the field of future career with a high potential of further promotions and financial stability.
Knowledge and skills acquired during college education are applicable not only in the future career, they are animmense help in managing personal life. Such abilities as analytical thinking and excellent speaking and reasoning skillsare welcomed in the job market and make a candidate more marketable. Even general knowledge of economics and law make the person more impregnable in various situations in daily existence.
Besides academic disciplines, college education offers a plenty of activities, involvement in which can become a bullet point in a student’s future resume. For instance, Student Government develops knowledge in politics and law and accumulates leadership abilities and interpersonal skills.
It is possible to find any group of interest to improve the attainments and explore something new. Moreover, such groups provide practical experience that can be a first professional experience in the field of accounting, journalistic, medicine, sociology, or tutoring.
Thus, college education in its initial meaning is anexcellent source of knowledge and development. That is why, it is necessary to keep oneself focused on the educational opportunities rather that to be distracted by student parties and entertainments. It is obviously hard and demands much energy and effort to complete a course and get a degree, but it is worth it. And it may be a terrific pride to become the first in the family to graduate from college or be the new one from a long line of family graduates.
Tangible Reasons to Get College Education
There are many reasons why students come to college; ones seek freedom from home and parents, others are eager to acquire new knowledge and skills. There are those who go to college because they are made to; as a result they need nothing but have fun and entertainment.
Despite all the reasons, it is certainly worth trying to get from college life as much as it is possible – new acquaintances, experiences, and abilities. Nevertheless, the main reason to stay in college and make much effort to complete a degree is to get an education. That is why college education should be taken as a first stage in a professional career aimed at achieving money, prosperity, and independence.
The main motive that rules almost every person in the contemporary world is money.Of course, every job is paid, but the difference is how much a person can get for the work he or she does.
College education requires constant hard work to accomplish assigned tasks, cover course content, conduct necessary researches, and write lots of essay and papers. Hence, this education gives a plenty of skills and knowledge in the field of the student major. A well-qualified student with a college diploma is more likely to get a well-paid job with a potentially rising salary.Consistent development and improvement of knowledge open the doors to a further adult life with a stable income.
Another advantage of college education is a variety of opportunities a student gets with a degree in hand. Besides a number of subjects pertaining to the major course, college education offers a range of different workshops, lectures, seminars, and other methods of the professional development.
While a student is at college, he or she should grab any opportunity of acquiring new skills or abilities as this serves for his or her future prosperity. After graduation, a college student receives more job openings and more chances at promotions; moreover, a variety of skills accumulated at college can be applied to a variety of fields.
Moreover, college education does not only influence a future career of a current student, it empowers him or her with a plenty of knowledge applicable in everyday life. College experience enriches students’ knowledge in the way to control a personal life’s logistics and improve day-to-day existence. It is obviously helpful to know how to read a lease or handle the finances of one’s own family; college education also provides an understanding of how market changes influence everyone’s life such as retirement accounts.
No one feels secure against negative life experience like a loss of job place, bankruptcy of the company, or global economic crisis; however, a person with college knowledge is more likely to overcome such difficulties. Strong knowledge, acquired marketable skills, and significant money account are helpful when life throws a curve. The first two options are offered by college education, the third is their consequence when hard work at college is rewarded by a well-paid job.
Thus college education is not only a graduation diploma, it is a door for the successful future. That is why, when a student gets to college his or her main focus should be education; of course, there is no need to be obsessed with it; entertainment activities and clubs are developed specially to provide proper relaxation and recreation between study sessions. It is just necessary to keep in mind that parties can be later, and college is an initial source of knowledge that is increasingly important in the job market.
Intangible Reasons to get College Education
College education is acrucial stage in building one’s professional career; it is the first step to achieve financial prosperity and independence. Besides vivid tangible reasons of gaining a college degree, there are a number of intangible reasons claiming to personal self-esteem, confidence, and satisfaction.
These reasons help students to focus on the educational process at college as on the main achievement point during college experience. It often happens that after the transition to a college environment, the student is distracted with a plenty of non-academic activities; that is why it is essential to remind the intangible but valuable advantages of a college degree.
The education at college is not only dedicated to the study of the subjects pertaining to the course major; it also offers a variety of skills helpful in life. Numerous seminars, conferences, and classroom discussions develop and accumulate critical thinking and reasoning skills which are going to stay for a student lifetime. They can be applied to make significant life decisions and develop ways to improve the day-to-day existence.
Most of the prestigious professions require a college degree and a constant professional development. A college graduate has a future opportunity to continue the study and pursue new skills and knowledge in the field, even if he or she has never given a second thought to continue the education. Such opportunity is a great advantage if a student is interested to connect his career with law, medicine, or education; these spheres have a high potential of promotions that are not separated from further studying.
College education also gives a chance to obtain professions such as a scientist, a politician, or a sociologist which help to make one’s own contribution to the world’s change.
People who aim to be able to help others and become doctors, lawyers, teachers, or work in various social services first have to educate themselves and get a college degree to acquire the necessary knowledge to act as agents of change for others. Otherwise, it is impossible to provide proper assistance and bring positive changes to other people’s lives.
One more advantage of college education is a future access to various unexpected resources acquired through time in school. Money is not the only valuable thing is life;beneficial relations can be helpful in various life spheres. For example, an ex-roommate can become an attorney and a class friend – a doctor who it is always possible to refer to.
An annual alumni meeting can give a meeting with an ex-mate who offers a well-paid job as he or she knows the value of the college diploma. Hence, the college education can provide kinds of benefits and sources that are hard to plan beforehand, but that can make a real difference in the life.
The last but not the least of intangible advantages here is a personal sense of pride and oneself. When a student get a college diploma, he or she knows that the effort applied and time and energy spend are rewarded now. The student gets a strong boost to start a professional life and find his or her own place in society. Moreover, the fact of earning a college degree gives an undoubted reason of lifetime pride to oneself, the family, and friends.
Hospice and Pain Management Analytical Essay custom essay help
In certain stages of life or in the case a person has terminal illness death is inevitable and for that reason, the only thing that helpsis to control the pain in these patients.
As stated by Saunders (2007) most patients at the dying stage will experience symptoms such as pain, vomiting, nausea, respiratory secretions, fatigue, and dyspepsia. All these symptoms are painful and therefore the main goal of hospice careis to control or reduce the pain experienced by patients.As stated by Connor (1998), “the patient and the family are a critical part of the hospice team.”
Pain control in patients is of interest to both the patient, their families and the government has a role to play in ensuring that it issues guidelines that regulate hospice care. The law that regulates hospice care also requires that pain control should be the main goal in hospice care. In hospice care, the use of medication is the main method that controls pain even though there are other known methods of pain control.
The main work of a hospice nurse is to deal with patients who have severe pain.As stated by Jackson and Abraham (2005),Nurses should give pain control medication in appropriate time and we should not always respond due to distress in patients. The use of medication has become the main method of pain control among patients.
The use of narcotics has widely been applied in reducing pain among patients. Even though the use of narcotics is an effective method of pain control, respiratory depression is a major side effect resulting from it. Respiratory depression is a condition whereby the breathing of a patient becomes slow and weaker and in severe cases, the breathing may stop. The termination of breathing resulting from the use of narcotics in most cases is temporary but in some cases, it might be permanent resulting in the death of the patient.
This is just one of the examples of the side effects caused by the use of medication in pain control. Hospice service other medicationsand most of them if not allhave side effects. The question of the type of medication or the dosage for a patient therefore remains a major concern to us when we are providing hospice care services.
In hospice care the death of the patient although in some cases being inevitable should be prevented and incase it occurs it should not result from a mistake committed by a hospice service provider. Pain management in this stage of life is a right to the patient and a duty to the caregiver. Even though this is the obligation of hospice care, most families have stated that at the end of their lives most of their loved ones suffered from pain due to lack of treatment (Jackson
Bicycle thieves movie Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Human beings continually struggle to make a living. However in most cases our efforts are in vain. It is not always a guarantee that we will have what we seek or if we find it, holding on to it may be a challenge. This may happen not because of our own doing but as a result of other external forces that are beyond our control.
Parents like Antoniousually strive on a daily basis to provide their families with basic needs. In their bid to provide for their families food, shelter and clothing parents more often than not do things that may put their integrity into question. Many parents like Antonio may be forced to sacrifice their integrity just to bring bread to the table, erect a roof over their families’ head and clothe them too.
The situation is even made worse when there is hope of better things to come and then that hope is abruptly taken away like in the case of Antonio. Such situations may lead to desperation which may consequently lead to loss of integrity as the victim may do anything in a bid to reclaim the lost hope.
Heroes are usually people in the society who are credited for doing extraordinary things. They have extraordinary courage and are known to take risks. Through the eyes of the heroes the world can view the ideals of the society they live in hence heroes are supposed to do good things.
However when heroes engage in bad activities those who hold them in high esteem are usually disappointed. If my hero does something bad I would feel let down for he or she supposed to epitomize good deeds in the society. I would feel disappointed for I usually look up to my hero for moral guidance. My hero is my source of inspiration, strength and courage thus acting contrary would demoralize me.
However it is very important to note that heroes are also humans like us though endowed with extraordinary characters. Hence they are bound to err thus it is important to draw inspiration from their good deeds rather than feel disappointed by their mistakes. It is important for each and every individual to first draw inspiration from within first before looking for the same somewhere else.
The movie, Bicycle Thieves, is a very educative movie that reveals the various challenges people face in their daily lives in their quest for their daily bread. The movie reveals the extent to which some people are willing to go just to achieve their goals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover it reveals how humans in their quest for greater things tend to ignore those little things that matter and that can actually solve their problems. This is exemplified by Antonio’s relentless quest for his bicycle. He ignores his son in the process of searching for his bicycle. Ironically it is his little son Bruno who finally helps him when he is in trouble. From this movie the philosophy which can be formed is that humans try to act according to the circumstances they are in.
Antonio was poor and desperate to have a job but when he finally finds one his bicycle which was part of the requirements for doing the job is stolen. He tries every possible means to find his bicycle. He ignores his little son and even tries to steal one. This shows how our actions are, to a greater extent, determined by our situations and not entirely by our conscious.
Shaking Hand college essay help near me
Different people throughout the world exhibit divergent behaviors as well as cultural orientations because of their different backgrounds and upbringings. For instance, some cultures such as the Italian’s and German’s consider the shaking of hands and kissing as an important element in expressing one’s appreciation towards others.
On the other hand, hand shaking and kissing in the United States may be interpreted in terms of sexual connotations. I first encountered the German custom of kissing and shaking hands when I had accompanied my mother to Germany for a trip.
According to the Germans, I was only supposed to shake hands and kiss those people who I felt friendly towards. I stayed in Germany for duration oftwo months where I visited some of my cousins who reside there.We spent a considerable time together with my cousins as we were all age mates. While in Germany, we travelled a lot with my cousins and visited various places.
Initially,I was astonished when I noticedthem kissing their friends as well asstrangers. When I inquired why they were doing so, they argued that kissing was the German’s way of expressingonesappreciation towards those people they felt friendly. At first, I felt confused and uneasy when some of their friends occasionally kissed me after being introduced to them.However, after staying in Germany for a while, I soon relaxed since I learnt that kissing was a common habit in Germany.
Therefore, after taking the course on theories, research methods,deviance and social interactions, I opted to make use of the research methods that I learned in class to investigate the Americans’perceptiontowards hand shaking and particularly the habit of kissingstrangers. In my investigation, I used my nearby town as my target population and picked 10 people at random as my sample group.
Among the ten people that I kissed or shook hands with in town, seven were surprised by my actionsas I was a stranger to them.Some of them had to run away because they thought that I had lost my sanity. The other three people that I either kissed or shook handswithdid not have any problem with my behavior. They never took my behaviors as being weird since two of them were my close friends and the other one was a migrant from Germany.
I was nervous as I went on kissing and shaking hands with strangers in the town since I was aware that kissing and shaking hands to strangers is not a social norm in America and thus those people that witnessed my action in town avoided me like plague even some weeks later. Before embarking on my experiment, I had anticipated that the majority of those people that I used in my sample would not welcome my behavior since they would view it as being weird.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The results of my experimentvalidated my hypothesisbecause 70% of those people I kissed or shook handswith did not like my behavior. Some even went to an extent of fleeing after I kissed them. Others went further to report me to the police station, but fortunately I had applied for the permission to carry on my research from the local police station.
From this experiment, I came to learn that every society has its own pattern of behavior that it expects everyone to conform to so as to fit in that society. I learned that kissing and shaking hands with strangers was not a social norm for Americans. Instead, those people who kiss and shake hands with strangers in America are considered as social deviant.
Similarly, I learned that it is imperative to learn about the social norms of other societies as it will greatly help people to overcome cross cultural barriers. This is important especially at this era where the world is experiencing global integration due to the presence of technological advancement as well as international businesses.
The most influential musician from 1870 to 1950 Argumentative Essay online essay help
This paper tries to look at some of the greatest musician of all times to ever walk on the face of the world. The methodology that we are going to adapt for the essence of this debate will be based on the musician influence in relation to fun base and popularity during their time.
It will also use their success in the music industry which will be gauged by the number of times their records have held the first position in the billboards and also the number of record sells not only in America, but in the rest of the world. The source material for this discussion will include journals and articles that give reference to the musician’s success and influence during their time.
It is critical to mention that between 1870-1950 music and performance was on an upsurge, it was not until after the 1950 that most of the musicians and bands rose to make the most world changing hits that have gone down in history as the top fifty greatest songs with only one being of pre-1950 to make on the list.
The song by Hank Williams “I’m so lonesome I could cry” is the only song from the top fifty greatest songs to be featured before 1950. The two musicians this debate will focus on will include Harry Launder and Hank Williamsas the casing point (Brackett7).
Harry Launder is one of the greatest musicians and a performer in the Scottish and British realm.The entertainer was born in 1870 in Portobello Edinburgh to a John Launder a designer in China artefacts and Isabella a descendant from the black isle. Harry Launder started his early careerby working at the coal mines at the tender age of thirteen years and also realised his potential in singing at the time. He started performing his music shortly after getting married to Anna Vallance in 1891 (Gordon20).
Launders first professional performance took place at a local Lark hall where he used to make about five shillings each night. He later moved to perform at the “go-as-you please” which was amore prestigious event in the town and made him prominent among the local community.
Fame and fortune for Harry Launder came around 1905 when he successfully led a troop of pantomimes known as the Howard and Wyndham. This catapulted Launder to become one of the greatest performers in England and these lead to various contracts and music deals. Launder was estimated to earn £1000 a night for his performances in the United States by the year 1911. In the following year Launder topped the charts in Britain becoming the first British in the history of entertainment(Graeme25).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of the greatest hits by Harry Launder include “Roamin in the Gloamin”, “I love a Lassie”, “Keep right unto the end of the road” and “A wee Deoch-an-Doris”. These songs made Launder the highest paid performer of his time with an estimated amount of £12,700 for each performance (Williams 138; Lauder 14).
During his forty year music career, Launder had made twenty two visits to the United States and a couple of other trips to Australia with his own train. Other accolades to his title include being knighted after the world war one for raising £1million for the troops to be rehabilitated and inculcated to the society.
According to the Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Harry Launder had rendered to the Scottish race and entire British Empire an immeasurable service through his music and philanthropy. Harry Launder died in 1950 at the age of 79 years leaving behind a legacy of songs, books and films that he had written or stirred in (William70).
The other musician to make history in the music industry was Hank Williams. He was born in 1923 with his birth name being Hiram King William (Brackett 32). Hiram would later change his name to Hank which sounded well according to him in country songs.
In 1937, Hank would start his career in a radio station WSFA with the producer offering him a program of 15 minutes as the host with a salary of $15. This was after Hank had won a talent show at the Empire theatre pocketing the grand price of $15. With the rising popularity Hank would go on to form a band with the money he got from the radio show which he called “the drifting cowboys”, and this eventually led him to quit school.Hank would record songs like “Never again” and “Honky Tonkin” which did not do better.
It was only after releasing the song “Move it on over”, that fame and fortune started to stream in.In1948,he signed a recording contract with MGM records. The following year, Hank went on to release “Love sick blues” which propelled his music to the mainstream media thus increasing his popularity as a singer. According to Helander (9), Hank was estimated to make $1000 at this point in his career for every performance he went.
It is important to mention that, Hank had eleven number one songs in the American chart since 1948-1953 making him the most successful American musician of his time and also the most popular America singer only for his record to be broken by the likes of Elvis Presley and Michael Jackson in years after (Flippo16)
We will write a custom Essay on The most influential musician from 1870 to 1950 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other hits by Hank that have gone down in history of music include “You’re cheatin heart”, “Hey, Good looking” and “I’m so lonesome I could cry”. Even though by this time Hank had become a star, he nevertheless had issues that cut off his career and life.
Excessive consumption of alcohol and morphine and other painkillers saw him being divorced by his wife and being kicked out of the band. Hank died in 1953 at the tender age of 29 years (Graeme 38). Hanks songs and composition have been used by other musicians in different fields such as pop, blues, gospel and even rock which have become instant hits (Wallace 84)
In conclusion, it is critical to mention that the above artists even though they have a divergent appeal in relation to their music genre, their success is varied in regards to one opinion.It is crucial to mention that they made music that changed the world and entertained their audience even years after they themselves had gone.
They achieved musical success at their time that made them become icons of their time. This aspect has been proved by both fame and fortune that this musicians were able to produce through their songs and lastly and the most important legacy to leave behind is their music which up to date resonate to the audience delight.
Works Cited Brackett, David. Interpreting popular music. New York: University of California Press. 2000. Print.
Flippo, Chet. Your cheatin’ heart: a biography of Hank Williams. London: Plexus. 1997. Print.
Gordon,Irving. Great Scot! The life story of Sir Harry Lauder, legendary laird of the music hall. London:Plexus 1968. Print.
Graeme, Smith.The Theatre Royal: Entertaining a Nation. Saddle River: Cengage, 2008. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The most influential musician from 1870 to 1950 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Helander, Brock. The rockin’ ’50s: the people who made the music. New York: Schirmer Books. 2010. Print.
Lauder, Harry.The Ancestry of Sir Harry Lauder, in the Scottish Genealogist, Edinburgh:Sage.2006. Print.
Wallace, Lewes. Harry Lauder in the Limelight.London: OUP. 1988. Print.
Williams, Lycrecia, Vinicur, Dale. Still in Love with You: Hank and Audrey Williams. London: Thomas Nelson Incorporated: 1991. Print.
The Causes, Characteristics, and Aims of Revolutions Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Introduction Throughout the history of human society and governance, various forms of protestations by the governed have characterized disagreements between the governor and the governed. These differences between the rulers and their subjects usually lead to a need for negotiations, and subsequent governance changes in order that the society might continue to exist peacefully.
However, when the rulers in such a situation ignore the usually genuine demands of their subjects, the outcome is usually a form of protest and demonstration by the governed in order to express their views more powerfully. Such protests take various forms, and the outcome may be concessions that assuage the demands of the protesting governed or increased control and continued recalcitrance by the rulers and governors concerned. Revolutions are borne out of such stalemates.
Dictatorship/autocracy, poverty/inequality, and a desire for personal and communal liberty have characterized the demands of most revolutionary quests throughout history, and this commonality of demands can be seen in the demands of revolutionary masses of the 17th Century Glorious Revolution, as well as, the present day Arab Spring revolutions.
In this paper, a historical analysis of crucial revolutions in different countries and eras – beginning with the Glorious Revolution in England and ending with the Arab Spring revolutions of recent days – will be undertaken. The causes, characteristics, and outcomes of these revolutions will be analyzed. The commonality of the revolutions and their importance in a socio-historical context will also be provided in the conclusion.
The Glorious Revolution of 1688 The Glorious Revolution in England, in 1688, toppled the then English King James II. King James II’s moderate religious views, and the general excesses of the English Monarchy, stoked the fires of the revolution.
The Glorious Revolution in England is significant because many of its sociopolitical and religious outcomes extend to contemporary times (Miller 58). Although the King’s religion of Catholicism was a crucial factor for parliamentarians’ opposition to his reign, a general dissatisfaction with the King’s aristocratic reign and accompanying monarchical powers attracted opposition.
As a Roman Catholic, William II began a series of maneuvers that were meant to grant Roman Catholics in England more political voice, despite the majority of citizens in England being protestant. The English King also had a strained relationship with Parliament, and he frequently used his powers to usurp the role and functions of the legislature. Naturally, these actions earned him few friends amongst the English ruling class and citizens.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Matters became intolerable when James II’s wife gave birth to a son, who as the heir, apparently meant that Catholicism in the monarchy would continue through him, and more importantly, the reign of unchecked aristocratic powers. English legislators thus began fomenting a rebellion, and after striking a deal with the Dutch King (William of Orange), the latter attacked England with a view to toppling King James II.
In England, the invasion was successful in short order. Widespread dissatisfaction with the policies and actions of the King ensured that the masses offered little support to the King and thus did not fight him. King William of Orange and his wife Mary were subsequently enthroned as joint monarchs over England, Scotland, and Ireland.
The Outcomes of the Glorious Revolution One of the leading and most serious consequences of the Glorious Revolution was the vindication of parliamentary democracy over monarchical rule in England. Because King James II had, many times, acted unilaterally and rendered parliament irrelevant, the leaders in England were keen to ensure a repeat of such actions never occurred. Thus, the role of parliament as a law making body was established, with the King having no power to inviolate laws enacted by parliament, as James II was wont to do.
Catholicism as a religion was also banned from the Monarchy, with the monarchs now forbidden from marrying Roman Catholics too. More importantly, the Glorious Revolution led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights, a blue print for many subsequent democracies and republics keen on ensuring that the citizens enjoyed a broad-based number of inalienable rights enshrined in law.
The American Revolution (1776-1783) The American Revolution was the war waged by the then thirteen colonies of America against the British Empire with the aim of severing links with Britain. The colonies desired to chart their on social, political, and economic paths outside of the direct influence, ruler ship, and domination of Britain. The American Revolution/war of independence from 1776-1783 was caused by various socio-economic and political factors.
Chiefly, the leaders and masses in the colonies were opposed to the reign of Britain over them, and desired to establish a union of independent states connected at a federal level each with its own government (Creviston 465). The economic causes of the American Revolution were many and varied. A series of unpopular taxes imposed by Britain fuelled the Revolution. The Townshend Act, which placed taxes on a number of essential goods like paper and tea, was particularly unpopular, leading the colonists to boycott British goods.
The Stamp Act, which required many commodities to be certified with a stamp in the colonies, with the amount for the Stamp being the tax, was also hugely unpopular and fanned anti-British sentiments in the colonies. The taxes levied went directly to Britain hence had no economic benefit for the colonies, yet they were forced to pay them. The British also enacted laws forbidding the colonists from trading with other nations besides Britain, which was economically disadvantageous to the colonists.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Causes, Characteristics, and Aims of Revolutions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the foremost political reasons that led to the American Revolution was the fact that, the American colonists were subjected to the authority of the British laws, yet they had no representation in the British parliament. Decisions directly affecting the political and economic structure of colonial America were being made in Britain, thousands of miles away from the playground.
This prompted the then thirteen states to unite and declare independence from the British Empire in 1776, which they accused of several acts of injustice, and these acts in their view had rendered Britain an illegitimate government, as far as the affairs of the colonies were concerned.
In a similar fashion to the Glorious Revolution, the American Revolution was carried out via military wars and actions. The colonists engaged the British army at various points/locations in the American continent, and after a protracted 7-year Revolutionary War, the British granted independence to the United States.
Outcomes of the American Revolutionary War Economic and political independence from Britain was the ultimate aim of the American Revolution, and these aims were achieved when the British granted the colonies independence. More importantly, the Revolution led to the establishment of the United States of America, a nation later to become a world power, and leader in democratic ideals throughout the globe.
The ideals of the revolutionary fighters, as spelled out in the Declaration of Independence, have served to inspire many other independence seeking groups and fighters throughout history.
The French Revolution (1789-1799) The French Revolution came soon after the end of the American Revolution, and paragons and accomplishments of the American Revolution served as inspiration for the French masses when they began their own revolution. Widespread poverty, high-handed aristocratic decrees by an Absolute Monarchy, profligate spending by the monarchy-leaning ruling class all contributed to the French Revolution (Hunt 7).
As indicated earlier, inspiration also came from the successful American Revolution, where the contents of the Declaration of Independence formed indispensable reference for the French revolutionaries. King Louis XVI’s reign had been widely unpopular, and the perceived excesses of his wife Marie Antoinette, in the face a bankrupt economy, served to turn the anger of the starving masses towards the ruling class.
The French Revolution was carried out by the masses in the cities and peasant in the rural areas, mostly led by left wing liberals who loathed aristocracy and embraced the ideals of democracy (Griffith). The masses attacked various government and monarchical establishments, most times massacring the guards and tenants they found in these buildings (Orczy 1).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Causes, Characteristics, and Aims of Revolutions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A few years into the revolution, the Jacobins (the de facto leaders of the revolution) declared a France a republic. King Louis XVI was guillotined in January 1793, while his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette, was similarly executed in October of the same year. Reign of terror followed, where the zeal to get rid of the traces of French aristocratic and Monarchical past led to the execution by the guillotine of most members of France’s aristocracy class and the monarchy, together with their perceived supporters.
Outcomes of the French Revolution The French revolution led to the abolition (although it was later briefly re-established) of the Monarchy as the supreme ruling power in France (Thomas). The Church, with Catholicism as a veritable state religion, had a limited state role after the revolution. The declaration of the rights of French citizens in the document known as The Declaration of The Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which served as a liberty guide for the masses engaged in the revolution, enshrined rights to the masses that they were previously denied.
The French established a republican style of governance, which under Napoleon Bonaparte become highly militaristic. Given that the church and the ruling class in pre-revolution France owned the largest share of land, after the Revolution, French citizens were able to exercise more property and land ownership rights after the limiting of the powers of these two entities (Betros 17).
The Russian Revolution (1917) The Bolsheviks, who led the masses in violent demonstrations against the rule of Tsar Nicholas II, instigated the Russian Revolution. Under Tsarist autocracy for centuries, the Russian masses had grown weary of the excesses of Tsarist rule.
When the First World War began, the economic repercussions experienced of the war by the masses created a sense of dissatisfaction in Tsar Nicholas II’s rule. The war meant that the masses had to receive rationed quantities and had to forgo the luxury of utilities available during peacetime. While the masses suffered, the ruling autocratic class continued to live a luxuriously, and the dissent against these inequalities culminated in a revolution that began in March (Ross 22).
The transitional leadership similarly failed to live up to the expectations of the masses; consequently, it was subsequently toppled by communist Bolsheviks in November of the same year. Violent demonstrations and battles characterized the Russian revolution, and after assuming the reigns of leadership under Lenin, the Bolsheviks had to fight several wars in order to maintain their hold on power in Russia.
Outcomes of the Russian Revolution The Bolsheviks ended centuries of Tsarist rule and established Communism in Russia. Tsar Nicholas and his family were subsequently executed in the aftermath of the revolution, symbolizing a bloody end to autocratic rule in Russia.
The Russian revolution also led to the establishment of the Soviet Union whose communist agenda throughout the world created a new centre of power in Europe in the struggle for worldwide economic, social, and political influence against the west, especially the USA (Kowalski 32). Under Stalin, the Soviet Union experienced rapid industrialization, although such economic advancements were stained by Stalin’s dictatorial stance, where millions of those opposed to his policies were summarily executed or exiled.
The Arab/Middle East Spring Revolutions The revolutions in many Arab countries, which began in December 2010 and are still currently ongoing in some Arab nations, were triggered by several factors. It is worth noting that most Arab state of present day are ruled by Kings, dictatorial leaders or leaders who have consolidated political power after having ruled for comparatively long periods (Anderson 5).
The common causes of the revolutions are dictatorship by respective regimes/leaders, widespread unemployment, economic inequality, corruption, political intolerance and a general opposition to existing governing structures. The revolutions involve demonstrations and protestations of varying degrees.
In Libya, the revolution became a full-blown Civil war where the revolutionary fighters were aided in their quest by a coalition of Western powers under the aegis of the UN. In Egypt and Tunisia, violent demonstrations that paralyzed the operations of government characterized protests. In Syria, such demonstrations involving tens of thousands of citizens have led to the deaths of a high number of civilians and law enforcement agents, but the President is yet to cede power.
In Bahrain, similar protests and demonstrations have led to a few economic concessions by King Hamad, but protests demanding the removal from power of the monarchy are still ongoing. Similar stalemates are found in Jordan, Yemen, and Syria where the political and economic concessions by the rulers have not assuaged the anger and demands of the protesters.
Outcomes of the Arab/Middle East Spring Revolutions The capitulation of the long-serving regimes of both Presidents Ben Ali of Tunisia and Hosni Mubarak by February 2011 under the wave of protests sent a strong message across the Arab world. For citizens planning or inspired by such demonstrations, the resignations of both long serving leaders was hugely inspiring.
For leaders in other Arab countries, the defeat of these leaders due to the wave of protests meant that they had to soothe the citizens of their own countries or face a similar fate (Marquand 9). By April 2011, protests had begun in the following countries: Libya, Syria, Yemen, Algeria, Bahrain, Morocco, Jordan, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, and Lebanon.
Therefore, the demonstrations led to socio-political and economic changes in many of these Arab countries. Besides Tunisia and Egypt, President Muammar Gaddafi was deposed in August when he fled the capital Tripoli. On October 20 2011, the revolutionary forces captured and killed Colonel Gaddafi in the outskirts of the Town of Sirte, signaling the end of his 42-year-old rule. Political concessions aimed at saving some Arab rulers similar (and perhaps less violent) fates occurred in various countries (Macfarquhar 4).
Constitutional changes in Morocco limited the powers of the King. In Sudan, President Bashir promised not to seek re-election for a third term. Prime Minister Maliki in Iraq also made a similar promise of stepping down at the end of his current term, while provincial governors resigned to allow for reforms. In Bahrain, King Hamad began negotiations intended to draw minority Shias into power positions and opportunities within government.
King Hamad also ordered the release of political prisoners. In Oman, Sultan Qaboos granted more law making powers to the legislature. In Algeria, a 19-year state of emergency was lifted, while MPs from the ruling party in Yemen all resigned to allow for political reforms.
Economically, various governments acceded to the demands of protesters, especially concerning wage increases and reduction of inequalities (Hitchens 29). In Lebanon, general wages were increased by 40%, while, in Saudi Arabia, the King announced plans to increase the wages of Saudi nationals. Sultan Qaboos announced similar measures in Oman.
From the Glorious Revolutions to the Arab Spring Revolutions: Dictatorship, Economic Inequality/Poverty, and Personal Freedom as Common causes of Revolutions
Dictatorial/Autocratic Regimes as Harbingers of Revolutions The common factor with the leaders and regimes in all the countries that have experienced revolutions discussed above is their tendency to ignore the political plight of the masses. King James II and King George of England, during the Glorious and American Revolutions respectively, repeatedly enacted laws that emasculated and muzzled the political voice of the masses under their rule.
King Louis XVI of France during the French Revolution and Tsar Nicholas II during the Bolshevik Revolution both exercised absolute power over their subjects. Similarly, all leaders in countries that experienced the Arab revolutions are guilty of concentrating political power amongst themselves, and their ardent supporters.
Repeated demands for inclusive political reforms by the revolutionary masses were repeatedly ignored in all the revolutions above, which led to revolutionary acts that many times led to the deposition and death of the leaders.
Economic Inequality/Poverty Marie Antoinette is famously said to have advised revolutionary masses protesting about the unavailability of bread to try cake instead. Such a discord and discrepancy between the lifestyles of the ruling monarchy and their subjects was a chief agent in stirring revolutionary demonstrations and wars.
Widespread poverty and economic inequalities in pre-revolution France, Russia and many of the Arab nations mentioned earlier led many citizens to the streets in desperate final attempts of overthrowing their rulers in order to attempt different economic policies that may effect change and herald better tidings for them.
Personal Freedom and Rights of Citizens Dictatorial regimes, widespread poverty, and economic inequality, naturally rob the citizens a sense of personal and communal freedom to act according to their will. The American Declaration of Independence contained the famous phrase dictating a citizen’s right to the pursuit of happiness.
The French similarly espoused a citizen’s right to liberty and freedom during and after the revolution. The Arab spring has been characterized by online activism that offered a platform for exchange of ideas amongst citizens never before experienced in restrictive Arab countries. Citizens go to extraordinary lengths to gain personal and social freedom, including undertaking revolutions.
Conclusion In a period spanning over four centuries since the Glorious Revolution in England to the present day Arab spring Revolutions, the demands of the revolutionary masses remain spectacularly similar. The masses fight against the political repression of autocratic and dictatorial rulers, poverty, and inequality, which go unchecked by these rulers, and against a tendency to eliminate their individual inalienable rights of life and liberty (Claeys 303).
The revolutions provide a study on how to avoid such confrontations and protests in present day nations. Despite the ultimate noble aims of revolutions, the accompanying loss of lives, property, and stability in nations that undergo revolutions is sometimes impossible to recoup (Sabatini 2). Therefore, democracies and republics provide suitable forms of governance for pre-empting revolutions.
Works Cited Anderson, Lisa. “Demystifying theArab Spring.” Foreign Affairs90.3 (2011): 2-6. Print.
Betros, Gemma. “The French Revolution and The Catholic Church.” History Review68.4 (2010): 16-21. Print.
Claeys, Gregory. Citizens andSaints: Politics andAnti-Politics in Early British Socialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Print.
Creviston, Peter.”No King Unless It Be AConstitutional King: Rethinking The Place Of The Quebec Act In The Coming Of The American Revolution.”Historian73.3 (2011): 463-479. Print.
Griffith, David, dir. Orphans OftheStorm. United Artists, 1921. Film.
Hitchens, Peter. “The Real Cost OftheArab Spring.” Mail onSunday08 May 2011: 29.
Hunt, Lynn. “The Problem ofPolitics in The French Revolution.” Chinese Studies inHistory43.3 (2010): 6-16.Print.
Kowalski, Ronald. The Russian Revolution: 1917-1921New York: Routledge, 1997. Print.
Macfarquhar, Neil. “The Arab Spring Finds Itself Upstaged by A New Season.” New York Times23 Sept. 2011: 4.Print.
Marquand, Rose. “Arab Women: This Time, the Revolution Won’t Leave Us Behind.”Christian Science Monitor12.1(2011): 9-15. Print.
Miller, John. The Glorious Revolution. London: Longman, 1997. Print.
Orczy, Baroness. The Scarlet Pimpernel. New York: Penguin Books, 1905. Print.
Ross, Stewart. The Russian Revolution London: Evan Brothers, 2002. Print.
Sabatini, Raphael. Captain Blood. Stilwell, Kansas: Digireads, 1922. Print.
Thomas, Ralph, Dir. A Tale ofTwo Cities. Rank Film Distributors, 1958. Film.
Use Software as a service Case Study essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Software as a Service
Introduction The software industry is a dynamic industry which has undergone several changes and one of the current trends in the industry is cloud computing. This technology is known as software as a service (SaaS), using this technology service delivery has improved in the software industry.
Several outsourcing tools are available online for different uses and purposes. Outsourcing tools rely on the technology of cloud computing whereby all processes are run on a web browser. Several cloud computing technologies are available online and they include from simple tasks such as scheduling meeting, backup solutions. All these solutions are run or processed using software technologies.
Software as a Service Cloud computing relies heavily on software to undertake the processes needed by customers. Several cloud computing tools were developed to make processes and other activities easier for customer use.
This essay is going to investigate one cloud computing tool used in management of data centers on a pre-defined environment. OpenNebula is cloud computing tool that is used in enterprise-class cloud computing management. Through opennebula.org, customers get the opportunity to download an enterprise management cloud computing tool (FornesThe Software as a Service Dilemma).
The OpenNebula project was dedicated to making a total virtual machine (VM) software toolkit. OpenNebula runs on different software platforms in providing deployed solutions in networking, storage, user management and virtualization. The importance of using a cloud computing system like OpenNebula is that it makes operations effective by providing different resources at one go.
Cloud computing systems like OpenNebula are developed as bundled applications into one suite. As a result, operating such softwareis cost effective compared to other software because operating different software which is license based are expensive. Operating different software on one platform is challenging and it not scalable since it takes a lot of computer resources (Buyya 138).
The biggest advantage in using open-source software like OpenNebula is the availability in many versions. Open-source software is designed by a team of developers who form a community of developers. In the development of OpenNebula, several developers were involved in the development of the software and thus they test the software to come up with high-quality software (Chee 42).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Compared to use of other software or systems such as telephones or e-mail communication is that cloud systems operate remotely. Total control over cloud systems is difficult considering the fact that some companies offer cloud computing services at a fee or free. These companies could go bankrupt or be bought out by a competitor and therefore the services offered might disappear.
The use of OpenNebula cloud computing suite could be replaced by Amazon’s EC2 cloud computing system which is operates on a user managed web interface (Buyya 141). EC2cloud is not open source and the configuration options are set by the admin and the software is compatible with various computer operating system environments like OpenNebula.
Conclusion Cloud computing is the new wave in processing activities through the use of online computer resources. The benefits of cloud computing are endless but several challenges lie in the implementation of cloud computing technologies.
Some of these challenges outlined include cost and trust issues. The cost of procuring a good cloud computing software or service is costly and it is difficult to trust cloud computing firms with your data (Chee 28). Although, the adoption of open source cloud computing software has lessened the challenges and revolutionalized the IT industry in resource allocation, data storage or data manipulation.
Works Cited Buyya, Rajkumar, Broberg, James, and Gościński Andrzej. Cloud Computing: Principles and Paradigms. Boston, MA: John Wiley
Enterprise Architecture Center Case Study argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Enterprise architecture (EA)isa computerized system, which organizations implement to facilitate the realization of organizational goals. The architecture refers to the modules used to make the model and the bond that exists among the same modules. The modules are engineered according to predefined principles of the system. The enterprise comprise of individuals who are part of the company. The enterprise collectively owns the technology used within the organization.
According to Hayles,the main objective of EA is to enhance the performance of an organization by reducing the instances of faults in the tasks that are performed by their employees (13). Companies that do not embrace EA overwork their employee as an approach of increasing their output. Information Technology systems broaden the chances of perfection because they are constructed for there specific purposes that are beyond human recognition.
In most organizations, EA is designated to Information Technology (IT) department. This department is perceived to be the ideal entity for spearheading the technology policy on behalf of the organization. The IT department is responsible for availing the infrastructure. The workforce of this department is comprised of intellectuals who have broad knowledge in IT concepts.
An organization must document the principles of its architecture. The principles dictate how a system is to be constructed in accordance to the needs of the organization. Different organizations have different principles and thus every organization must customize the principles to ensure that the system is fully compatible with the organization. When the principles are being drafted, the organization should evaluate its needs and scoop the practices that favor the organization.
EA is very dynamic and thus requires regular upgrading for it to function effectively. Newsoftware and system specifications are being developed everyday because the previous ones have failed to deliver the desired results. This is because the processes are also dynamic and they come with newer challenges that cannot be remedied by the current systems. IT enables organizations to expand their market share by using the web platform to market their goods and services.
Enterprise Architecture Centerstates thatarchitects construct EAs in collaboration with the management of the organization that will use it.EAs guarantee coherence and agility to customers. The virtue businesses are replacing the shopping malls gradually because the customers can shop for items and services at the click of a button.
The physical outlets confuse the customers because they do not have any form of uniformity. This is because they exist as independent entities. The adoption of IT policies by organizations favors the customers too because they are able to make informed decisions that are facilitated by the coherence of IT systems.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More EA requires an organization to combine its efforts because the realization of goals may take a longer period tobe experienced. Themarkets are very dynamic and customers who are in pursuit of top-notch goods and services at subsidized prices are inducing the changes.
In some instances, the organizations are the key initiators of EA because they are using IT concepts as a differentiation approach. Organizations that are not vigilant risk being ejected from the market because it is only the most creative enterprises that can survive in these tough battles.
Organizations face many risks when implementing EA.The risks are related to safeguarding the interests of their consumers by ensuring that the transactions are conducted safely.EA requires an organization to interconnect its processes and this presents the challenge of solving problems when they arise. When an IT system is complicated, its management is more demanding compared to the case of a less integrated system.
Larger organizations tend to have complex systems and therefore a problem in one section will affect the entire system. Simplicity is a challenge to the architects because the security of data in a system cannot be compromised and thus the engineers have to create a balance between simplicity and complexity. Complicated IT systems tend to be more secure but on the other hand, they are not friendly to the users.
EA is making organizations to merge for achieving a common goal. For the mergers to be realistic the organizations must be compatible with each other.Lidderdale argues that the mergers are being employed to ensure that organizations utilize their full potential by relying on their unique strengths (1).EA advocates for decentralization of organizations by giving the employees the authority to execute orders. This is because the processes are interconnected and communication takes place in real time and effectively.
The IT systems also bring the customers in close vicinity to the processes and thus contribute to improvement of processes. Thecustomers use the IT infrastructure to convey their compliments and complain to the management. The IT systems simplify the tasks that are performed by members of an organization by trimming the workloads. The employees are not overwhelmed and therefore can attend to customer issues effectively, which enhances the reputation of the organization.
Developing and implementing EA are demanding tasks and therefore an organization needs to outsource some of its functions to relevant agencies. This implies that the content that is pursued by customers can be availed by another contracted entity.
We will write a custom Case Study on Enterprise Architecture Center specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Schkkerman suggests that the infrastructure can also be owned by another entity which means that the only elements of business that are possessed by the organization are the customers and the value (16). Designating the role of providing IT infrastructure helps in reducing operating costs by a bigger margin. This is because the entity that owns the infrastructure is responsible for maintaining the equipments.
Additionally,the organization should reserve money for funding IT training initiatives. This is a long-term investment because the trained employees will work for the company and thus compensate for the monies that were spent on their training. Besidesthat,the field of IT is very dynamic and thus regular training is required to ensure that employees are updated on emerging trends. This will give the employees new strengths in their areas of specialization.
The idea of establishing an EA remains very noble until the whole project is engulfed by challenges. In most cases EA losses its relevance when it fails to fulfill its intended purpose which entails reducing the cost and improving performance. This is because the employees do not appreciate a system that drags them behind.
Besidesthat, IT projects take more time to be finished which causes the budget to exceed the initial amount. When the above mentioned scenario occurs the organization in question opts to remain put just for the sake of implementing the IT concept but deep down the EA becomes an obstacle (Enterprise Architecture Center 1).
When confusion sets in the management must emphasize on the need to adhere to the principles of the organization. This suggests that an initiative cannot be aborted once it has commenced. This is because the management evaluates all the options at an early stage and selects the one that is best suited for the organization.
Theenvironment of the organization influences the choice of a framework. There are different EAs for different organizations.The IT personnel should assume the role of consultants because they are more knowledgeable in these matters. As can help an organization discover other areas that can be of much benefit because they are radical systems.
In this regard, information systems were developed to help organizations to carry out their tasks much faster without having to think critically about the task. The systems automate the tasks such that the employees do not have to be physically present to carry out the task.
However, Wagter, Van den berg, and Luijpers argue that the same systems are blamed for declining levels of creativity in most organizations (19). This is because the IT systems do not involve the users in their processes, thus the user is presented with the desired results. The appropriateness of the results depends on the accuracy of the data that is inserted by the user.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Enterprise Architecture Center by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The IT systems enable people to perform duties faster while cutting back on the costs, but on the other hand, they deny people an opportunity to demonstrate their abilities and skills. This is because they discredit the efforts of the user. Forinstance, when a system handles a certain task, the effectiveness is owed to the system instead of the user who provided information to the system.
Works Cited Enterprise Architecture Center. Enterprise Architecture Governance. 2010.Web.
Hayles, Rupert.“Planning and Executing IT Strategy.”IT Professional Magazine. 9.5 (2007): 12-20. Print.
Lidderdale, Patrick. Importance of Enterprise Architecture. 24 Mar. 2009. Web.
Schkkerman, Jaap. How to Survive In the Jungle of Enterprise Architecture Frameworks: Creating or an Enterprise Architecture Framework.2nd ed. Canada: Trafford Publishing, 2004. Print.
Wagter, Roel, Martin Van den Derg and Joast Luijpers. Dynamic Enterprise Architecture: How to Make it Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley
The Crucible by Arthur Miller Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
What issues are being adressed
How the issues are handled
Introduction The crucible is a play written in the McCarthyism era by Arthur Miller. McCarthyism was a movement in the nineteen-fifties led by Senator Joe McCarthy in search for communists in the government of the United States. A crucible as defined is a vessel whereby heating and melting of metal using high temperatures take place for sole purposes of casting.
Metaphorically, a crucible can also refer to an era in history where the society seems to be melted down and remolded into a new castby the forces of great cultural, social, and political changes. The same word has remarkable similarities with crucifixion, which is the major intention of Miller by choosing it to be the title of his play.
The plays interweaves Christ’s crucifixion with the picture of a bubbling crucible in it a man and a society: the predicament of arriving to the right choice of morality and the inevitability of attaining redemption through sacrifice. These two themes, certainly, occur in the amplified struggle between good and evil.
The crucible puts to lime light countless enduring issue that affects our society at large. These issues include honor and integrity, power issues and its abounding corruption, the characteristics of excellence and wickedness, and the likelihood to evade all sorts of problems by creation of scapegoats. This paper aims at showing how the crucible exposes the above named issues in a dramatic fashion.
What issues are being adressed The issues of honor and integrity are depicted very well in the Crucible. Conscience is an inward sense of decency which propels most people towards what we term as being right(Miller 1). Nevertheless, in moment of public discord, we end up give our consciousness the rear seat which is naturally expected of us.
For one to stand up for the right thing even in the most challenging opposition, it asks for a strong will of conscience(Miller 2). Although taking such an action is perceived as noble and honorable in retrospection, it is rarely received well by the majority in real and actual events. Miller handles the issue of integrity and honor by bring the character of proctor.
How the issues are handled The reason as to why proctor was hanged, it was because he chose to uphold his integrity at the end. If proctor had chosen to compromise his integrity by confessing thus lying, he would not have been blamed by the audience. Proctor realized that by compromising he would betray his close friends therefore he chose to sacrifice his life for his conscience.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More By following his conscience, and sacrificing his life, proctor became a real martyr before the audience eyes (Miller 3). This trend repeats itself even in our day to day life. We are very quick at applauding those who chose to uphold their integrity but we do not have enough strength of moral fiber to do so. The death of proctor turns out to be a moral exclamation point, and the modern audiences would be affected profoundly(Archer 5).
A large part of the play is dominated by the issues of power. Domineering criminals in the play have power possession and this prompt Miller to sound a warning on the corrupting qualities behind power. This is depicted clearly when Abigail and the other group of girls after realizing that they posses great power, they seek to use it for their own benefits.
Danforth possessesthe greatest power in the play, and he had the capacity to declare the proceedings at any one given time for the irrationality they were in (Archer 7). However, even at the final point when his actions were plainly and clearly not upright he preferred to proceed with his judgment.
The crucible playdisplayed how excess power is harmful and dangerous, since the temptation is ready waiting to be abused. The individuals in power in Salem, when scrutinized under theocratic government justification are found to absolutely abuse power, and in process destroying innocent people. This gives a clear illustration of how the law is not always correct, and if that is the case, we are supposed to stand up to it(Bly 2).
Proctor did exactly that by challenging the court. Power does not usually land on the principled or the prudent, but rather in the control of self centered individuals. Today In our very democratic governments, the authorities are responsible to the entire society for the things they decide to do, and therefore, are under control to a given degree. From the play, we can see clearly that a position assuming excess power and having no oneto be responsible to tends to be corrupted by that power.
It has always been noted that,numerous societies come up with some sort of scapegoat for any atrocity that they face. At that particular time,Salem was notan exception (Bly 5).
At that period, the population was becoming uncomfortable with the extreme measures taken by the government to ascertain that they never deviated, and this caused general crisis. Danforth desire to control this crisis could have led him to execute the condemned ‘witches’ to a point far beyond any comprehension of therational mind would know that the actions were not right(Miller 2).
We will write a custom Essay on The Crucible by Arthur Miller specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Danforth might have desired to show the population how rebels like Proctor were punished and the execution through hangings could have acted as warning to anyone planning to carry out a social upheaval. As a matter of fact, the devil has always served as a very easy scapegoat. Thebehavior to always find a scapegoats goes on even today, and there is always someone who takes the blame on our behalf.
Conclusion Much had to be offered to the audience by the play Crucible in 1996. The issues addressed by the play are very much similar to the issues facing our modern world. There is much the modern audience canidentify with the issue of corruption and power, integrity and honor,the issue of rule governing the society and the methods used to condemn those people who deviate from the rulestogether with our burning desires to blame others by creating a scapegoat.
Important issues to the Americans were addressed by the Crucible. The crucible exposed what the world in general is facing in real sense, people in power are manipulating powers bestowed on them to control other people and impose ideologies which are not sensible. Hunger for power and control have led to people committing crimes against humanity.
Also, the inability of people to withhold their integrity has caused innocent people to suffer in the place of those guilty for committing an atrocity. People in power hide under the shadow of authority to oppress the weak and vulnerable. The crucible has played a very important role in addressing what is actually happening in the world.
Works Cited Archer. The Crucible: Theme. Web.
Bly, William.Arthur Miller’s The Crucible. USA: Barron’s Educational Series, 1984.
Bradford, Wade. The Crucible – A Challenging Masterpiece. https://www.thoughtco.com/the-crucible-a-challenging-masterpiece-2713659 21 October 2011.
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. A
The NAFTA Treaty Between the US and Mexico Essay college application essay help
The NAFTA treaty, which was signed two decadesago, has immensely promoted trading relations between the US and Mexico. Prior to the NAFTA agreement, Mexico imposed high import tariffs and trade restrictions on American goods. Mexico’s protectionist policies changed during the late 80s when the country was hit by a severe economic crisis. Since then Mexico has ratified several free trade agreements with the EU, Japan, and most significantly the NAFTA treaty with Canada and the US.
The 1994 NAFTA treaty between Mexico and the US phased out several taxes,particularly on the products traded between these countries.In addition, it called for elimination of other tariffs. Despite the fact that there have been calls, particularly from America’s labor unions such as Teamsters to suspend the treaty, it remains clear that both countries have greatly leaped more from open trading relations.
This was evident when American officials defied conservative views that Mexican trucks’ presence in the US could lead to job losses and unwarranted competition between Mexicanand American truck drivers.
For some time, the question of free movement of goods by road transport between these two countries was dominated by political battles despite the fact that two-thirds of cross-border trade between the US and Mexico goes by road. Shermanargues that according to the NAFTA treaty, “transport companies from both countries weresupposed to have unrestricted access to highways on border states by 1995 and full access to all American highways by January 2000” (Sherman).
However, America’s Teamsters fiercely fought against this provision, arguing that Mexican trucks were unsafe and lacked the necessary pollution control gear. In addition, they claimed that Mexican drivers were inadequately trained and unqualified to drive in American highways.
American courts and the NAFTA dispute-resolution panel rejected these allegations claiming that they violated the NAFTA agreement. This forced the NAFTA dispute-resolution panel to give Mexico the green light to impose retaliatory tariffs. Nevertheless, Mexico decided to put the decision on holdto give the US time toappreciate its commitments. The grace period passed when US Congress “approved measures setting 22 new safety standards for Mexican trucks” (Sherman).
After that the first Mexican truck recently crossed the border amid celebrations from both sides hence fulfilling a long-delayed provision of NAFTA, which had stalled for more than a decade because the US feared that Mexico could jeopardize its highway safety standards and put American jobs at risk.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mexican officials who attended the ceremony affirmed that the success of the treatylargely relied on the safety and efficiency of the project. Previously, Mexican trucks have transported raw materials and finished products to the interior of the US although that happened as part of a pilot project.
This project had initially been hindered by policy concerns leading to its cancellation two years ago by Obama’s administration. Mexico was angered by the USA’s decision to suspend the project.Moreover,it increased tariffs on selected American goods such as “Christmas trees onions, apples, oranges, deodorants, sunglasses among others” (Sherman).
Nonetheless, after the US authorities allowed Mexican trucks to ply the US highways, Mexican authorities suspended the tariffs, but cautioned the US that the tariffs could be reinstated if they failed to follow the treaty.
The move came after America’s Department of Transportation acknowledged that the all the safety concerns had been resolved. It also added that electronic monitoring systems had been put in place to track operational hours when the trucks are on the roads. Additionally, US affirmed that it will screen all the drivers to ensure that they pass “safety reviews, drug tests, and assess their English proficiency” (Sherman).
Work Cited Sherman, Christopher. “Mexican Truck Is First in US under Delayed NAFTA Program.”
Associated Press. The Associated Press., 21Oct. 2011. Web.
Building a Better Workplace through Motivation: Kellogg’s Case SWOT Analysis Analytical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction In the Kellogg’s Case, the writer discusses motivation in places of work by relating theories of motivation to Kellogg’s motivation techniques. Kellogg Company is a leading producer of cereal foods worldwide. It employs people from different disciplines including Engineering, Finance and Marketing. This paper discusses a SWOT analysis of this case study in relation to building a better workplace through motivation.
Strengths The case study employs classical and neo-classical theories of motivation. This combination captures both traditional and modern theories of motivation. The latter viewed employees as machines motivated by money only while the former viewed human beings as social beings with emotions.
The choice ofKellogg Company is perfect because it has many departments and disciplines which aptly captures employees from a wide range. The case does not limit a reader to thinking that there is a particular way to motivate employees. However, it underscores the need for any company to have values and a culture that employees indentify with and uphold.
Weaknesses The writer fails to bring a comparative. Kellogg Company is a leader in employee motivation. A comparative from the lower side would paint a better picture of what the writer is explaining. The writer does not put his discussion in an immediate context. Currently, employees are more enlightened and know their rights.
They also demand more work flexibility. The different segments of employees have varying demands on employers but the case does not capture this. These segments include Baby-Boomers, the Y-Generation and women, among others. I also find the case delving into what theories say too much instead of their applicability. The writer should have used little information to discuss theories and focus more on what Kellogg Companydoes to make a workplace better.
Opportunities The case is interesting in that it allows a reader, who has interest in employee motivation, to draw comparison on how to apply the different theories of motivation from Kellogg. This acts like a benchmark because it is a leader in that area. It is also a starting point in deciding which theories apply to a particular company. Is it Maslow’s Hierarchy, Elton Mayo’s Theory or Herzberg’s Theory?It may be a combination of all of like in Kellogg’s Case.
Threats The context from which many organizations operate has greatly changed. Employees are more vibrant and demand more from employers. The different segments of employees present an employer with a problem on how to balance demands. Human rights organization and governments are placing demands on employers to make the place of work more pleasant for employees.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More All these and the need to be competitive to retain the best workers make some of the theories the writer discusses irrelevant. Businesses are also operating from an environment where decision-making, social responsibility and integrity in profit making define operations.
Conclusion Employee motivation is critical in the success of any organization. Motivated employees are happier at work. They also perform better. This is especially true when they are intrinsically motivated. In the Kellogg’s Case, the writer’s discussion captures motivation techniques and appropriately relates them to both classical and neo classical theories of motivation. This paper looks at a SWOT analysis of the above Case Study in relation to building a better workplace through motivation.
The core teaching of Jesus Essay writing essay help
During his time of ministry, Jesus taught many teachings through parables, proverbs, and wise sayings to his 12 disciples and the crowds that followed him wherever he went. Unlike the prophets who came before him, Jesus taught with authority (Mathew 7:29). He forgave sinners, cleansed the unclean, and performed many miracles that baffled the Pharisees and the teachers of the law. Like the prophets before him, he came with God’s divine message and purpose, to fulfill the word.
Many people including Jesus’ disciples returned to him secretly to learn the deeper meaning of his parables. Even though he eluded the Kingdom of God to things familiar to them, they could not still understand him. The core of Jesus’ teachings was on the fact that God love us and that we should love each other just as he has demonstrated his love to us.Many of other Jesus’teachings gave strength to this core teaching of love.
When Jesus’ disciples asked himof the greatest commandment, he answered them by saying, “love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all you mind and with all your strength,” (Mathew 22:37 KJV). There are many instances where Jesus talked about love. First was at the mountainside. He said,
Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for hemaketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? Do not even the publicans so? (Mathew 5:43-48).
In this teaching on the mountain, Jesus strengthened the word of God,as was his purpose for teaching. By telling the people to love their enemies, Jesus was showing them the example of God’s love to us, which we should extend to our enemies.
When the time of Jesus’ death came, as was prophesied, he still spoke to his disciples about loving each as he had loved them, “A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.” (John 13:34). During the time of Moses, offering of burnt sacrifices was done to appease God. The priests at the temple performed this noble task every time the wrath of God befell the nation. It was awayof cleansing the people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Jesus, love was greater that burnt sacrifices. “And to love…is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” Mark 12:33.He condemned the Pharisees and the teachers of the law who lead sinful lives and continued proclaiming the word of God and offering sacrifices in the temple. He eluded them to blind leaders of the blind. “Let them alone: they are blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.” MATTHEW 15:14
Work Cited New King James Version Bible. n.d.