Aligning Philosophies Of Science With Research Approaches Essay Essay Help Free

Table of Contents Introduction

Alignment of Philosophies of Science with Research Approaches

Conclusion

References

Introduction Philosophy of science looks at the basis, approaches and connotations of science as well as the applicability and demerits of science (Williams C. , 2007). Research, on the other hand refers to the process of collecting, analyzing and consumption of data (Williams, 2007).

This short essay examines Creswell’s alignment of philosophies of science with particular research approaches as well as a critique on the same alignment. In addition, I seek to align and justify the reason for aligning of philosophies of science with other approaches.

Alignment of Philosophies of Science with Research Approaches Creswell aligns empiricism with quantitative research approach (Williams, 2007). According to him, the methods used in quantitative research point to the assumptions of an empirical method. This is true bearing in mind that both methods emphasize the use of experience and evidence. This involves collection of data and consequent analyzing of the data so as to prove or disapprove existing knowledge (Williams, 2007).

Further, the division of quantitative approach into three classes affirms that Creswell is right. Quantitative approach is divided into descriptive, causal comparative and experimental approaches.

Descriptive approach looks at the situation as it is and involves the description of characteristics of a particular happening. Further, based on observation, descriptive approach identifies the characteristics of a particular instance or two or more instances (Williams, 2007).

Experimental approach involves the investigation of a treatment to an interposition into the study group and then gauges the result of the treatment (Williams, 2007). If an experimental design is proper, it will produce a methodical approach to quantitative collection of data which involves mathematical models during analysis of the collected data (Williams, 2007)..

Causal comparative investigates the cause-effect relationship of the dependent and independent variables (Williams, 2007). The comparative design approach affords the researcher a chance to explore the connection between independent variables and their bearing on the dependent variables (Williams, 2007).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It follows that, interpretivism is rightly aligned with qualitative approach to research due to the fact that in some cases, the two concepts are used interchangeably (Williams M., 2000). All in all, qualitative approach takes into consideration deliberate use of describing, annotations and clarification of data so collected (Williams M., 2000).

Interpretivism is basically looking at happenings and interpreting them according to own understanding. Both approaches involve generalisation of ideas (Williams M., 2000).

Mixed methods approach to research has so much similarity with the critical theory in philosophy of science. Mixed methods approach combines elements of quantitative and qualitative approaches in research. Researchers here use both numerical and narrative data to minimize the weaknesses of the other two approaches (Williams C., 2007).

Critical theory, as the name suggests, critiques the society and culture by utilizing both numbers and narratives of that particular society (Mertens, 2010).

in an instance where researchers want to use mixed methods, they ought to apply closed-ended questions in a questionnaire to realize quantitative data and use open ended questions in an interview to realize qualitative data (Williams C. , 2007).

Conclusion In conclusion, Philosophy of Science and research methods should compliment rather than conflict. As much as research involves collection, analyzing and application of data, researchers have to go beyond this and engage further in in-depth questioning of what the data so collected means. Lastly, for data to be worthwhile, both quantitative and qualitative elements must be used so that the results reflect an all round approach to research.

References Mertens, D. M. (2010). Philosophy in Mixed Methods. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches , 4: 9-18.

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Operation management – Nokia Corporation in the UAE Report (Assessment) essay help online

Introduction: Background of the Company Nokia is one of the most internationally renowned leading mobile phone companies that originated from Finland, with its headquarters in Espoo. The company emerged in 1885 and has since then been dealing with providing telecommunications and information technology services such as developing mobile phones and their accessories, internet services, and telephony technologies.

Be sure to discuss the main products and/or services that the company sells Nokia Corporation deals with an assortment of products and services related to telecommunication and IT. For products, the company ventures in mobile phones, mobile phone accessories, computer devices, tablets, and several other portable Information technology gadgets. Nokia also provides internet services, including mobile phone internet applications, routing services, digital mapping, gaming services, and multimedia services.

Describe the industry in which the company operates Nokia Corporation is a mobile phone manufacturing company under the mobile phone industry, but is under the telecommunication and information technology industry as it deals mostly with communication products and services. The telecommunication, cell phone and the information technology industries are industries dealing with inventing modern communication devices and providing efficient communication services.

Nokia Corporation is a multinational company that is currently venturing in almost every state or nation across the continents. Within the UAE, Nokia has a series of argent companies that operate under the Nokia umbrella. Nokia Corporation has sub-companies in Dubai and within other major cities around the United Arab Emirates.

Mention something about the competition and how you believe the company competes (relating this to their operations) Nokia UAE is facing stiff competition in the Middle East as well as across the world because companies like Samsung, Apple, and Huawei have come up with unique models of phones in terms of hardware, operating systems, and applications that meet diverse needs of customers. However, I believe that Nokia UAE is increasingly becoming competitive in various markets because it is expanding its operations to reach many customers.

Nokia UAE has made sure that it provides customers in the UAE with all models of Nokia phones and applications in Ovi Stores. Moreover, Nokia UAE has an extensive support system that allows customers to optimize the use of phones. The advent of smartphones has compelled mobile operators to offer high-speed networks and business solutions. Hence, the operations of Nokia UAE are very competitive in the markets.

Nokia Corporation performed very well during the last few years with a market share of approximately 18%, which currently seems to have downsized to about 3%. Although still earning a somewhat good market reputation, its market value is diminishing. Nokia is in fact currently facing financial disaster and has lost over 40% of its cell phone revenues.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Strategy of the Company Nokia UAE Corporation has an articulated mission indicated as, to become the dominating communication products manufacturer and distributor of the world.

Nokia Corporation serves under a strategic plan that focuses on cost-effectiveness and differentiation strategies. Nokia UAE has a cost-effectiveness strategy by ensuring that it produces and distributes low-cost products that are quite affordable for the Emirati people. It also utilizes differentiation strategy by producing unique products and in varieties exceptional from its competitors.

Nokia Lumia model is a smartphone that competes with android and other models. Nokia’s first-ever Windows tablet is Nokia Asha, which is a unique model with crystal-clear design, high pixel camera, and very sensitive user interface.

Are they following their strategy or not? And why? Differentiation is a strategy that is paramount for Nokia UAE and remains unchanged. For the cost-effectiveness strategy, the strategy fluctuates depending on the market trends. Since it is a determinant in the decision-making process, the strategy relies on the consumption and other factors.

Does the company measure the productivity of their workers? Employees are important facets to Nokia UAE and their productivity is paramount to the management of the company. The company’s human resource department measures and analyses the performance of its employees and offers motivation through employee empowerment.

How do they measure productivity? Nokia UAE measures employee productivity through analyzing the potency of a single employee per the work assignment given to them on their first day. The company assumes that productivity depends on job satisfaction.

Is productivity difficult to measure in this industry or company? Why? Nokia UAE rarely faces challenges in measuring the productivity of its employees, as the company’s human resource management team is normally competent in assessing employee productivity and a strong top management with sufficient information regarding the company’s operational capabilities.

We will write a custom Assessment on Operation management – Nokia Corporation in the UAE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How is Nokia different from others in the industry? Differentiation as a paramount business strategy makes Nokia an exceptional company, with its assortment of portable information technology gadgets being exemplary. For instance, while many cell phone companies produce smartphones with integrated android operating system, Nokia has devised its unique approaches. Ordinary phones and smartphones of Nokia have unique shapes, colors, and features.

The features of Nokia phones are user-friendly and customized to suite customer’s tastes and preferences. Moreover, Nokia phones have the largest internal memory when compared with other phones, and thus allows them to run many applications just like android phones.

Forecasting Forecasting is a management strategy that is useful in analyzing organizational strategies and productivity. Regression, qualitative, and quantitative are the major business forecasting techniques. Regression-based forecasting model examines trends in the business costs and net income to examine their business market. Qualitative forecasting model is where a business uses actual opinions and ideas as forms of data to ascertain the situation within the market.

Quantitative forecasting model uses sales numbers and web interchange numbers and new accounts to examine market state. Quantitative approach uses statistical analysis in predicting trends in various markets. Nokia UAE uses the Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) demand as a forecasting technique.

Nokia UAE uses the Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) demand is a forecasting technique that calculates demand variability of the products and services in the market. Within the Nokia UAE, the Mean Absolute Deviation Percent (MADP) and the Mean Absolute Error (MAE) are forecasting techniques common in this company.

In enhancing forecasting accuracy, Nokia UAE uses certain time horizons that include short-range time forecasts where certain programs, operations, and activities follow short-term stipulated schedules to achieve its targets. This explains the reasons why their products do not serve for long in the market before other new ones emerge.

Given the rising competition in the modern-day business world, forecasting as a strategy should receive the needed attention to make Nokia UAE more successful. Regression as a business-forecasting model is becoming an effective modern approach, as it focuses on costs and net income of the company. For Nokia UAE, this approach will help the company balance costs, forecast of income and meet operational demands as anticipated.

Product and Service Design Like its international program, Nokia UAE deals with an array of telecommunication and information technology products and services as well. In terms of products, the main intent of the company is to produce affordable and portable communication and technology devices that are anticipations for the vibrant youth consumer population.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Operation management – Nokia Corporation in the UAE by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Smart phones, tablets, portable computer devices, internet-enabled phones, simple communication phones, various touch screen phones, and many other advanced technology tools. The products have been so reliable for the consumers, something that keeps Nokia Corporation on the market. In terms of services, the company offers mobile gaming services, internet applications, instant messaging, and multimedia services.

Nokia Corporation, unlike several other mobile phone companies known to the world, has at least managed to produce high-quality products characterized by durability. With high-quality assurance and quality control measures designed by the company strictly followed, the products produced by Nokia UAE and its international allies are of exceptional quality with recorded evidence of long-term durability. The life shelf of many of the Nokia products exceeds that of its direct competitor, Samsung.

Is the company managing product design according to their selected strategy (low cost/ differentiation/ response)? The concept of low pricing and differentiation as the main market triumph strategies are normally in line with the product designing strategies. Nokia UAE designs products, with consideration of the consumer preferences and the consumer ability as determined by the pre-existing market research evidence documented.

The company designs its products and offers services while considering the purchasing power of its consumers as per the market where the products intends to serve. The products designed differ, but sometimes clients have expressed their resentments over the little changes made to each advancing Nokia product, as they reflect a slight change from the previous ones.

Reverse engineering, is a business practice that involves the process of unveiling the technological ideologies pertaining to a device, system or even a business operation or program through structural analysis of its composition.

The Nokia Corporation, as aforementioned, has a weakness of relying on their previous technological designs to invent a new product. Reverse engineering will help Nokia figure out new products and make design decisions without using recurring ideas.

Capacity Planning Nokia, as a multinational company, seems to have been sailing through the market due to its initial financial capacity, though sudden twist in its economic status may undermine this fact. Capacity planning means understanding the potential of accompany to initiate and manage a business program.

Nokia UAE has the best-talented workforce with perfect skills required for high productivity of the company. However, wrangles between managers, employees, shareholders, are ruining their capacity in strengthening the company.

The company seems to have the right capacity of both human and capital resources required to make the company more effective than it seems. Nonetheless, the current situation in the management is not appealing as the conflicts arising from the company are ruining its productivity. This means that the company requires reexamination of its management capacity to perform well.

Strengthening the management and ensuring constant employee empowerment and support as motivation is one of the key employee retention techniques that seems more effective in the modern-day business environment. Over-employment of the workforce is also harmful nowadays for companies.

The company has no excess capital capacity the current resources, especially human resources are functioning optimally while the room for growth is diminishing due to lack of excess resources for development. Currently, the company’s production is currently not exceeding the consumption demands.

Cost-effectiveness in the company includes analyzing company’s capacity before investing in any business product or demanding more workforces. The capacity management of Nokia UAE is in tandem with the customer demands regarding products unveiled to the market.

Nonetheless, the internal conflicts are affecting proper utilization of the human resources and this affects the cost-effectiveness aspect as the employee productivity remains underutilized.

Process Design Process design involves determining, equipment requirements, program implementation, and workflow required to meet needs of the clients. Nokia UAE uses design for assembly line with sophisticated machinery because it reduces the assembly costs. The design for assembly line process involves the use of automated machinery in the generation of products in sequential manner.

The automated controls aid in the assembly of products continuously, and thus increasing the volume while reducing variable costs. Moreover, design for assembly line is flexible as the company can increase or decrease the volume of production while maintaining the cost of production at the same level. Thus, this process design has helped Nokia to increase production while reducing the costs of production.

Typically, the concept of cost-effectiveness in the company seems convoluted because, as the company provides cost-effective products, the process design seems sophisticated and expensive than anticipated.

The operation cost designed in the freight-designed manner is relatively higher than their market strategy demands. Sophisticated technologies employed to design products, offer services require exemplary care, and the company spends immensely to handle the machinery and maintain the processes.

Location The physical location of Nokia Corporation from its backdrop is Finland. However, its location within the UAE countries lies within places with fast-growing business premises and Dubai is one of the centers where the company operates. Dubai is the fastest-growing Muslim city with millions of investors attracted to this capital. Dubai is a strategic location within the UAE and Nokia expects to excel in this place.

In locating the headquarters in Dubai, Nokia UAE had targeted the fast-growing city as part of its strategic location planning. Technological innovation and consumption of technological communication services and its devices are on rapid growth in Dubai. Located within the Al Thuraya Tower II, also known as Dubai’s Internet City, the center is a technological zone that pulls millions of potential consumers.

In your opinion, is this a good location? Why or why not? Nothing can match the most effective decision made at the headquarters of the Nokia Company around Dubai, as it currently stands out as the most advanced Muslim city where millions of potential investors and consumer population converge. The city is a growing technological center with a vibrant youth population who anticipate for such modernized mobile technologies.

The strategy of cost-effectiveness and differentiation remains well supported by the Dubai City, as although it may deem expensive due to the city structure, a pool of consumers is enough to bring back the desired profits. Although several other companies have invested in Dubai, Nokia is still a unique technological company. The unique technological products are a potential force behind the market success.

Quality and Quality Control The reason behind a constant supply of desirable Nokia product rests upon the fact that the company has been in the forefront in strengthening the quality management system. Although somewhat poor in innovation, the products designed in quality-oriented manner where durability is a great concern, the company products are exceptional.

The quality control system of Nokia UAE entails persistent quality examination undertaken by a team of quality management experts who perform quality checks. Early test, pretests, in routine cycles throughout the production processes help Nokia UAE.

The early checks, constant reexaminations, and pretests to ascertain the quality of the phones and other technological devices is part of the inspection process that examines the quality of each product in Nokia UAE.

Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), Ishikawa diagram, and statistical process control (control chart) are the types of quality tools that Nokia UAE uses in its quality assurance and control procedures. FMEA is an effective control tool because it identifies faults, and thus aid quality assurance and control procedures. Ishikawa diagram is a control tool that depicts the relationships between a problem and its causes, and thus it is a cause-and-effect tool.

The Ishikawa diagram is significant because it identifies causes of problems in a process by grouping the causes of problems into machines, methods, materials, management, and human resource. Statistical process control (control chart) allows measurement of attributes over a period. The control chart is important because it monitors processes and ensures that they are performing optimally as expected.

Adding some external quality control overseers is important to help the company acknowledge the importance of producing goods in respect to reverse engineering as an important business practice involving technological companies. This enables the company to avoid reinventing technologies following their previous designs.

The company’s quality management system seems effective, especially when considered in its effectiveness in maintaining the quality of the Nokia phones and accessories. Lack of understanding of the principles of reverse engineering makes the expertise of the quality control seem questionable.

Conclusions It is slowly becoming clear that companies venturing within the Arab nations are receiving a motivating welcome and Nokia being a technological investment, the possibility of Nokia UAE becoming strong and independent in the UAE is considerably high. Of greatest concern is the growing concept of Nokia International assuming the importance of the principles of reverse engineering, something expected to influence its future survival when consumers realize this weakness.

It may remain unknown whether the company is really serving under its two aforementioned strategies, differentiation, and cost-effective techniques. This is solely because whereas the company is producing affordable devices, the sophisticated operational process consumes many finances. Inasmuch as the company is producing trendy products, the differentiation aspect remains undermined by lack of proper adherence to the reverse engineering principles.

Introducing technological devices of different shapes, colors, and design is not enough to manipulate the lively technological consumers who are becoming more technologically suave in the modern-day. Consumer’s high exposure to a series of technological devices may finally lead to discovery and design lapses in the devices produced by Nokia. It is imperative to understand the principles of reverse engineering to enhance the quality of its products in terms of innovation.

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Documentary “Caves” Essay (Movie Review) essay help: essay help

Summary of the Film This documentary illustrates the formation of caves and shows the diversity of species that inhabit them. At first, the authors speak about limestone caves. They note that although these rocks can reach hundreds of feet above the sea level, many were formed under the water. For example, one can mention the famous limestone towers located in Vietnam’s Ha Long Bay (BBC, 2006).

It should be kept in mind that limestone is derived from coral and marine shells. Additionally, the film-makers examine food chains in caves. For instance, there are many species such as cockroaches that never leave the cave, and they are dependent mostly on bat droppings.

Furthermore, this film shows how people can enter the caves even despite the extreme dangers of such trips. Apart from that, this documentary depicts how stalagmites and stalactites are created as a result of calcium deposition.

Moreover, this film shows that caves have been crucial for sustainability of different societies. For instance, one can speak about the caves on the Yucatan Peninsula that acted as water wells. They enabled Maya civilization to get access to water (BBC, 2006). These caves continuously attract divers who want to map them and examine various forms of life that can be found there.

This documentary throws light on the way in which troglobites evolved; for instance, they lost their capacity for vision since they did not use it for thousands of years (BBC, 2006). Moreover, the pigmentation of their skin also changed profoundly. The film demonstrates how the organisms that live without sunlight derive energy. Very often, hydrogen sulphide gas helps them sustain themselves (BBC, 2006).

Furthermore, the authors speak about the discovery of Lechuguilla which is one of the longest caves in the world. This cave is famous for its gypsum crystals (BBC, 2006). The Chandelier Ballroom is the major attractions that can be found here. There may be undiscovered caves which can be compared to Lechuguilla.

Reference List BBC (2006). Caves [Television Broadcast]. In Planet Earth. England: British Broadcasting Corporation.

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Slow Growth of Golfers in the Golf Equipment Industry Essay cheap essay help

The introduction of new rules that limit innovation in the Golf Equipment Industry (GEI) is a major reason for the slow growth in the number of golfers in the recent years. In addition, the global financial crisis that began in December 2007 to 2009 had a devastating effect on the number of golfers in the GEI.

Competitive rivalry force was the most affected among the Porter’s five forces (Gamble 11). This force determines the value that is created in an industry through head-to-head competition among firms. Competition within the GEI was centered on technological innovation, which was permitted initially by the United State Golf Association (USGA) and R

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Indian myth and legend by Mary Fraser Essay (Book Review) online essay help: online essay help

Summary of the article in the book Mary Fraser begins by exploring Nova Scotia and its aboriginal inhabitants. From the article in the book, it is evident that the Miemac Indians were the aboriginal group that dominated Nova Scotia from very early times. The confederation of eastern Algonquins was the original homeland of this group of people.

They were also considered to be in the third place especially when it came to the ownership of land as a resource. They were given the name Souriquois by some of the earliest missionaries who visited their original land. Before the close of 1693, they were being refereed to as the Miemac. When the land was originally distributed to these Indian ethnic groups, they were given the Algonquin name known as the Migmagig.

This piece of land was made up of southwestern New-Foundland, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton Island, and Nova Scotia. From the article, it appears that they were largely a peaceful community according to the sentiments of Father Biard. Their main source of income was fishing and hunting. They could also participate gathering of wild fruits, insects and herbs.

The sun was a major point of veneration among the Micmacs according to the historical records obtained from Leclercq. In other words, they worshipped the sun bearing in mind that they saluted the sun both in the morning and evening. Mentou was also part of the great spirits that was worshipped by this group of people. Although they clearly knew that Mentou was a rebellious spirit that had gone against the rules of the Great Spirit, they continued to worship him.

Strengths of the article From the summary of the article, it can be noticed that the author has attempted to explore the background roots of this Indian sub tribe. Fraser does not merely give an outline of the background information of the Micmacs. Instead, the author creates a detailed background of this aboriginal group beginning from the time when their history was first recorded. For instance, Fraser discusses their economic, social, political and cultural ways of life.

Second, Fraser has organized this piece of writing in the most chronological manner. The text can be read and understood quite easily by the reader. The structure of the language used is also friendly enough to the readers in this level. As a matter of fact, this is a mid 17th century history that targets tertiary or college level learners. Therefore, the language used in most suitable for this category of learners.

The author also attempts to give cause and effect of each action taken by this Indian sub tribe. This is similar to expounding the reasons why certain events take place in the piece of literature. This writing technique assists the reader to follow the plot of the historical record of the Indian sub tribe being studied.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Fraser approaches the aspect of civilization of this Indian sub tribe from a very objective point of view. This is apparently one of the strengths of the article. For example, Fraser explains how the Micmac ethnic group was at one time deeply entrenched in worshipping traditional gods and goddesses and how they eventually accepted to turn away from their deeply held traditions.

The author does not give guidance on how the reader should go about the reasoning process after reading this part of the book. This creates room for personal evaluation and promotion of critical thinking skills.

Weaknesses Fraser has apparently failed to balance the three aspects of Micmac’s development and early civilization in Nova Scotia. The author has largely concentrated on the social wellbeing of this Indian sub tribe. A lot of emphasis has been put towards the social civilization of this group of people. This has impeded the development of political, economic and political history of the Indian sub tribe.

The author has also concentrated so much on the discussion of individual missionaries and the vast amount of work they did in converting the aboriginal tribe into Christianity.

In addition, although the author has pointed out that religion was a key pillar in the cultural and social well being of the Micmac people, she has not described the various roles that were played by the same religion. Whereas we may make an assumption that readers are aware of the roles played by religion in this community, the outcomes may be completely wrong.

The political way of life among the Micmac people has not been discussed at length by the author. Although a slight mention of governance has been pointed out in the text, it is not adequate at all. It is imperative to assert that one of the factors that made the Micmac people to be remembered was their strong systems of governance and leadership structures. Perhaps, the author could have given additional attention to the political way of life of this Indian sub-tribe.

The Glooscap myth of the Indians can also be used to explore the fancies, ideals and thoughts of the Indians. Although this myth was dominant during the pre-christian times, it is also interesting to observe that it has remained fundamental in the modern world. Therefore, Fraser could have discussed the transformation phase of the Glooscap myth as well as its relevance in the contemporary Indian society.

We will write a custom Book Review on Indian myth and legend by Mary Fraser specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In recap, it is vital top reiterate that the author of this book was particular objective when presenting the historical plot of the Micmac people from the Indian aboriginals. This implies that the author avoided any possibility of bias when presenting the historical evidence of the Indian sub tribe. Therefore, the audience has been left with full choice of judging the events in the book.

As already mentioned, the article is an interesting piece to read regarding the primitive civilization of the Micmac aboriginal tribe from India. Fraser has clearly documented all the facts regarding the funny lifestyle of this group of people. This presentation technique makes the audience to remain attentive and interested to read the entire piece of writing.

Weaknesses of the article have also been discussed in this piece of critique writing. For example, the political way of life among the Micmac sub tribe was not sufficiently discussed even though the historical documentation was presented in a systematic manner. In addition, only a limited number of social myths have been explored in the article.

Since the Indian sub-tribe was a community entrenched in deep cultural practices, the author could have given more attention to the socio-cultural aspects of the Micmac people. Finally, this section of the book should have covered additional details on the political way of life of the Micmac people.

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The song “Simple Gifts” Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Joseph Brackett is the composer of the song Simple Gift. He wrote and composed it in 1848 in Maine. Brackett was born in 1797 and died at the age of 85 on the 4th of July 1882. He spent his entire life in Maine where he was actively involved in writing, composing songs, and in religious activities of the Shakers community. His father supported the nuclear unit of Shakers by providing settlement for members of the sect.

His active involvement in the sect led him to be appointed an elder in the community. Brackett is widely known for his songs, particularly Simple Gifts, which are classified as dance songs, work songs, or hymns. The song Simple Gifts was only known within the Shakers community until 1944 when it was first performed at a ballet concert.

The melody was used in Appalachian Springs, a ballet performance by Martha Graham. In 1950, the song was used for the second time in an orchestra performance. Since 1950, the song has been used many times by different composers. They have either rearranged or adapted the song in different ways.

Brackett did not favor specific lyricists, song writers, or composers. He was only affiliated to the Shakers sect. It was through his strong involvement with the sect that he got inspired to write and compose his songs. He wrote dancing songs, the most famous being Simple Gifts.

He is known today because of the song which has been adapted several times. Both the adapted and original versions have an international audience. The most common adapted version is Lord of the Dance, a 1963 publication.

Brackett was active in a social and religious movement. He joined the Shakers sect at the age of 10 with his entire family. His father provided temporary settlement for the first ever nuclear group of the sect. After the death of his father, Brackett continued to rise in ranks, gaining the position of an elder.

He was appointed to lead members of the sect in Maine. By the time he became an elder the nuclear unit of the community had already expanded and occupied other areas within the south.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The song, Simple Gifts, was originally written as a dance song for the Shakers community. The song was performed during special religious events and celebrations. Members of the community used to compose songs and dances for their devotion services. According to the community, one could have several spiritual gifts. Music composition was considered among the spiritual gifts.

They composed and recorded musical inspirations as an exercise of their spiritual gifts. The composers and writers were mainly scribes and elders in the community. They did not have any formal training in music composition. However, they used a notation system called ‘letteral’ that used alphabetical letter with rhythmic notations. The dance songs were significant to the community because they formed part of their culture.

The song, Simple Gifts, has also formed part of popular culture today by being performed in movies, television series, and documentaries. An adopted version of the song was performed at the inauguration ceremony of President Obama in 2009.

Christian religious denominations have also adapted the tune into hymns sang during worship. The only difference is the name given to these hymns. However, the tune is the same. Essentially, the song has been part of larger musical performances.

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WaterForPeople.org Tech Award Application Research Paper essay help site:edu

Lack of drinking water and water sanitation issues plague most third world countries. Sanitation related diseases and deaths is the number one threat to survival. The current conditions provide little or no regard to the long-term use of the land and the direct effects of dumping human waste in to the water table.

Water for People uses current land surveying technology to map the lands available, viable water sources and create routing systems for drinking and sanitation to create long-term solutions for the residents.

Water for People employs digital land surveying technology in addition to modern plumbing techniques to find viable sources of water and create irrigation for drinking and sanitation systems. Using a system called FLOW and android cell phone, Google earth mapping is used to monitor the systems. They are able to gather data to see what is working, what is in disrepair, and what needs to be changed for optimal efficiency.

Water for people uses community members, entrepreneurs, industry professionals, partners, staff, and World Water Corp volunteers to implement these systems in to the areas of need. Earlier on, Water for People tried to take on all the areas of need on a global basis, they quickly found themselves overwhelmed and the quality of the solution was not up to par.

Water for People has now committed to taking on smaller areas of need in specific regions with a 10-year follow up plan. By concentrating their efforts in selected areas at one time, they are able to implement a long-term solution that is truly effective.

The target market for this project of Water for People Involves people in regions where water is scarce and where the water used for drinking is not safe or even clean. This involves some regions of Asia like India, some regions of Africa such as Uganda and Rwanda, Central American countries such as Guatemala and Honduras, and some regions of South America such as Peru and Ecuador. In all these regions, there is no access to clean water and without the necessary help through such schemes, people would suffer from various infections and diseases.

The FLOW is used as an efficient and effective tool for examining the status of the projects on water. This is however done in a technological manner using the Android technology via a cell phone, Global Positioning System and through the Software called Google Earth.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through the FLOW, the parties to the project, which include partners and workers, are able to collect information on the various water points. Then through such information, a project’s progress, that is whether it has failed or succeeded, or is ongoing, wrecked or even requires repair, can be monitored through a worldwide map.

FLOW has had several advantages as a technological tool in monitoring of water and sanitation projects. The information received through the FLOW can be used to come up with decisions on programming. Through FLOW, it is easier to supervise and check on the progress of the various water projects.

FLOW also helps by identifying the advancement in the projects, the overall accomplishments of the projects and its major challenges1. Another advantage of FLOW is that data collection and gathering is simple and fast, and the information can be shared by a group of people and still be easily understood.

With this technology, projects can be tracked and the efficiency process enhanced as instant reports on whether a project has failed or passed or requires repair are given immediately. This is not the case had the project’s progress was been checked by persons or supervisors who can lie on the progress. FLOW is therefore an efficient project management tool.

FLOW should be awarded the Tech Award due to its applicability in helping to solve the issue of water and sanitation among individuals in regions such as Africa, South America, and Asia among others.

The issue of water is one that is very pressing in some regions of the world and any efforts whether short term or long term like FLOW, should be recognized, and awarded accordingly. This therefore means that FLOW has helped to improve the health of individuals who are now protected from diseases that are caused due to lack of or taking dirty water.

FLOW should also be awarded for its contribution in solving this global issue of water and sanitation. This issue of water may look like it is a minor issue but due to the importance of water to human life and to all natural habitats, the issue is one that is of global concern.

We will write a custom Research Paper on WaterForPeople.org Tech Award Application specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More FLOW is an innovation that still has room for more improvement in terms of the modern technology and therefore meets the Tech Award criteria. The advantages portrayed by application of this technology are also many and thus FLOW should be awarded for its usage of the modern technology, android technology.

The business model innovations for the FLOW project include the ease of project monitoring, and the use of the Google Earth to facilitate easier passing of data immediately as it is happening. The employment of the latest technology, android, in doing business is also a business model innovation. All these have benefits to the project apart from boosting and enhancing the image of the company through the technology.

Often, many projects are started in Africa, Asia and other countries that are in dire need of clean water. What then happens is that those who are left with the responsibility of monitoring the progress of the projects, or to deal with the finances of the project escape their responsibilities and instead sue the money for their own personal gains.

This is because those who are left with such responsibilities may not be in need of the water services and so may not be passionate about what those who are at ground level go through without having water or walking for long distances to look for water. Therefore, there have been massive failures of water and sanitation projects in areas such as Africa due to this embezzlement of funds by the leaders of such projects, which has seen many projects, fail and even the donors to such projects withdraw from offering help.

The FLOW project is therefore one that can help overcome these problems since one can see the project’s progress technologically without having to receive false information from the project supervisors who sometimes lie about the progress. This technological innovation is therefore very effective and efficient2.

The major constraints and conditions that surround the implementation of this project are that the project requires adequate and unlimited internet access to be able to apply the android technology and Google Earth Software. This is because in order to be able to utilize these two, internet access must be there and it must be consistent.

This means that FLOW cannot go on without internet access, as it is dependent on it. Another issue that can be cited as a constraint to this project is that it is quite expensive to run, but at least worthy for the purpose to be achieved3.

The most likely thing about the founders of this project regarding other innovation approaches is that if in the future they would want to carry out another project, they will still employ technology that is much more advanced. This is following the success and the efficiency brought about by the usage of the android technology.

Not sure if you can write a paper on WaterForPeople.org Tech Award Application by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Even if they are not satisfied with the level of progress and the contribution of the android technology in implementing the FLOW project, I still think that a next attempt to come up with an innovation would still require modern technology, as the benefits that come with it are many.

The demographic features of the target market for the FLOW project include; a very large population that comprises of women and children who suffer a lot to walk for long distances in search of water. This is mostly done by women and children irrespective of their age whether too old or too young.

Another feature is that the areas have very harsh climates, which are characterized by lack of rainfall. The populations are also very poor with small pieces of land, and lack employment opportunities. The distances between their homes and the sources of water are often very large and therefore the people walk for long distances in search of this important commodity.

The psychographic features of the target market include very poor lifestyles. This is because the populations are generally poor and even lack most of the necessities of life. They therefore can just be considered as poor people who often receive relief food from donors around the world4.

Another attribute of psychographics is personality, and although one cannot quite state the personality of everyone, the general personality of such a population is that they are peaceful people who perceive life as unfair and who think that they cannot make it in life without help from others either through food or water. Generally, such a population comprises of people who are desperate for help, and who in most cases, do nothing about their situation unless a third party comes in.

Such people have embraced the practice of begging for help from others and believe that without it they cannot live well 5.Lack of education is also another major challenge faced by people of such populations as many of them have never gone to a classroom and do not know the value of it. Some even perceive it as a waste of money.

The FLOW project utilizes the android technology as it primary source of the innovation. With the growing challenges faced by the android technology, FLOW may end up being affected in the long term due to the current increase in the android malware.

It may take sometime after the project has succeeded or even affect the completion of the project. This means that there is some level of uncertainty regarding the usage of android technology since it is a new technology, which many software developers and technology experts are trying to face out.

For the innovation to become a success, several challenges will face it. This includes high costs of internet, hiring of experts to organize and make the project a success, and high legal costs for the innovation to be branded as a new one. Despite all these challenges, it is important to carry on with the innovation as it one that will reach out too many poor people and thus will be awarded in the Tech Awards Ceremony.

Works Cited Grant, Allen. Beginning Android 4. New York: Springer, 2012. Print.

Hammond, Allen, Koch James, and Noguera, Francisco. “The Need for Safe Water as a Market Opportunity,” Innovations—Technology, Governance, and Globalization, 4.3 (2009): 107-117. Print.

Hart, Stuart, and Clayton, Christensen. “The Great Leap: Driving Innovation from the Base of the Pyramid,” MIT Sloan Management Review, 44.1 (2002): 51-56. Print.

Koch, James. “Breaking Down Barriers to a More Equitable and Prosperous World,” STS Nexus, 8.1 (2007): 8-15. Print.

Koch, James, and Thomas, Caradonna, “Technologies and Business Models that Work in Developing Countries.” International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development (ICTD 2006), University of California, Berkeley, 2006. Print.

Footnotes 1 Koch, James. “Breaking Down Barriers to a More Equitable and Prosperous World,” STS Nexus, 8.1 (2007): 8-15. Print.

2 Hart, Stuart, and Clayton, Christensen. “The Great Leap: Driving Innovation from the Base of the Pyramid,” MIT Sloan Management Review, 44.1 (2002): 51-56. Print.

3 Hammond, Allen, Koch James, and Noguera, Francisco. “The Need for Safe Water as a Market Opportunity,” Innovations—Technology, Governance, and Globalization, 4.3 (2009): 107-117. Print.

4 Grant, Allen. Beginning Android 4. New York: Springer, 2012. Print.

5 Koch, James, and Thomas, Caradonna, “Technologies and Business Models that Work in Developing Countries.” International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development (ICTD 2006), University of California, Berkeley, 2006. Print.

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CarMax Essay college essay help: college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

CarMax

CarMax Strengths

Challenges

Conclusion

References

Introduction It takes genius to establish a company from scratch and to turn it into a business leader within a decade. The leadership at CarMax did just that. They founded a company based on retailing concepts adopted from other sectors and successfully built a well-respected used car dealership. The company is a good case study on what focused leadership can achieve.

This paper explores how CarMax innovated on its operation by adopting strategies used in other sectors of the economy to revolutionize the sale of used cars. This chapter focuses on the role of Human Resource, Innovation and organizational culture in organizational leadership. By looking at these three elements, it is possible to decipher CarMax’s, business strategy, its challenges, and future prospects.

CarMax The success of CarMax brings to mind similar success by Wal-Mart, which revolutionized retail with innovative concepts. Wal-Mart sought to alter the customer experience when buying goods and therefore developed an ingenious system allowing for a very efficient inventory management system supported by a counterintuitive marketing model.

Wal-Mart went for rural markets that did not have the “superstore” experience. However, the rural areas could provide sufficient markets. CarMax entry into the used car market did not worry many of the used car dealers at the time. However, nineteen years later, CarMax boasts of pride of place among not just used car dealers, but amongst the very best companies to work for in the United States.

As one of the Forbes “100 best companies to work” for five years straight, CarMax indeed is testament to the place of ingenuity in business based on solid research and headed by focused leadership. Its innovative model warrants study to determine the place of leadership in an organization.

CarMax has over 15000 associates in over 100 stores spread throughout the United States (CarMax, 2011). Latest reports indicate that they have plans to open up at least ten more stores in the coming year. This expansion will seek to leverage on the emerging market for used cars because consumers have more confidence in buying used cars through CarMax compared to the traditional used car dealerships.

The cornerstone of CarMax business is customer service based on a robust business system. The founders of the company successfully defined a new way to sell used cars and made the experience of buying used cars much less frightful for buyers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They removed the barriers that made people fear buying used cars such as haggling over prices, risk of getting poor quality cars with no clearly defined recourse for the buyer, insurance, financing among others. CarMax literally revolutionized the buying and selling of used cars.

In order to reduce the stress of pricing, CarMax uses fixed prices for all their cars. All the customers are sure that the price on the sticker is the price of the car. This relieves both the sales associates and the client of price related worries that come with ordinary used car buying experience.

CarMax pays a fixed commission on unit sales to the associates thereby eliminating the pressure on them to push the pricier cars. The associates can therefore concentrate on providing the customer with support to get the best car for their needs than on getting them to buy the most expensive cars in the yard. This ensures that the cars sold respond to real demand rather than being a reflection of the selling prowess of the sales associates.

CarMax also offers a wide inventory usually consisting of more than 500 cars in a single store (CarMax, 2011). This inventory surpasses the total annual sales of some dealerships. The decision to maintain this level of inventory makes it possible for the client to have variety at any CarMax store.

In addition, the outlets maintain an inventory showing the brands of cars available regionally hence if the client wants a car not present in a particular store, CarMax can arrange for its transfer to the client at a fee.

In addition, the company arranges financing and insurance making it possible for a client to walk in and leave with a car in a few short hours. They offer a five-day money back guarantee (CarMax, 2011). If within the five days after purchase of the car the client feels that the deal is not proper, the client can return the car and get back their money with no questions asked. In addition, the company offers a 30-day warranty on all cars sold.

The offers makes the company stand out because normally, used car dealers sell cars on ‘as-is’ basis. Many of them do not have a refund policy, unless mediated by regulators, and they do not provide any kind of guarantee on the cars. The employment policy of the company does not lean towards experienced used car sales people.

We will write a custom Essay on CarMax specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In fact, the company prefers to employ inexperienced persons whom it takes through a two-week training program to enable them sell the cars. They look out for presentable people who are apt to listen and are able to win the confidence of potential clients.

Selling cars is one-half of the operations of the company. CarMax buys cars in order to resell them. It buys them either from individuals or in bulk from organizations getting rid of their fleets. It makes an offer for a car in as little as 30 minutes and the offer stands for up to seven days, allowing prospective sellers to weigh their options.

This is similar to their stress free shopping policy it extends to buyers. The organizational culture does not support pressure tactics in any of its operations. There is however disquiet that it offers lower prices than a seller can get from other buyers.

In this case, the benefit they offer is that it is less stressful to deal with CarMax even when they are offering a lower price for the car than most other sellers are. For people who value that, CarMax is a good business partner.

The current head of CarMax is Thomas J. Folliard who has been in charge of the company since 2006 (CarMax, 2011). He is a long-term employee of the company who has worked in various departments since its inception in 1993. Folliard has a motivational leadership style crucial for a sales driven entity.

His appointment as CEO shows that the company recognizes the value of transition planning and has a robust system to allow for internal development of talent (Burns, 1979). It also shows that the company appreciates that the business is innovative hence; it requires someone familiar with its organizational history and steeped in its organizational culture to run it profitably. This increases consumer and investor confidence.

CarMax Strengths CarMax has some definite advantages in used car dealership segment. Among these, there is the national presence of the company, the strong brand image, its reputation for superior customer focus and its well-optimized business model that matches inventory with demand.

A national presence is an asset for the company because it increases the visibility of the company. Its nationwide operations make it work as though it were one large store, at least regionally. A client can get whatever car required provided it is available in one CarMax store within the region (CarMax, 2011).

Not sure if you can write a paper on CarMax by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This increases sales volumes and makes inventory management much easier than for individual dealerships. In addition, the size of the operations makes it easier to analyze demand trends, which influences how the company acquires new stock.

It is clear from previous analysis that the optimization of the CarMax business model covers all fronts. In particular, maintaining the critical balance between inventory and demand ensures it has healthy turnover ratios. This limits the quantity of dead stock and increases the ability of the company to respond to shifts in consumer demand at short notice.

Other elements that demonstrate this balance is the ability of the company to provide guarantees to its customers. Guarantees on products only come with a clear understanding of how the products move and the proper management of their quality. Offering guarantees without a strong quality and inventory management system, a business unit risks collapsing based on the possible costs associated with returned stock.

CarMax is a strong brand. Apart from originating a very innovative business concept, it has also managed to provide services at a level that has given it positive visibility. The accolades that contributing to the company’s strong brand image includes the recognition by Forbes magazine as “America’s Most Admired Company in Automotive Retailing” and in addition, the company has consistently been on Fortunes list of “100 Best Companies to Work For” since 2005.

This is good publicity, which speaks of the brand strength of the company and which, also enhances the brand image. Its unrivalled business system guarantees its place in the used car segment of the automotive retail industry.

Without doubt, CarMax is a customer-oriented organization. Its business system does not focus on the bottom line only but focuses on the customer experience while dealing with it. This is probably its greatest strength and its key selling point because a satisfied customer shares their experience with other people, who become potential customers.

CarMax seems to offer everything that conventional used car dealers fail to offer, except the cars. They understand that they are not just selling cars, but are providing an experience for their clients. This is revolutionary.

Unlike profit-focused, commissions-chasing conventional car salespersons, CarMax sales associates come out as trustworthy, well trained, and presentable. They have the requisite training in the business system that they form part of and in addition, they work in an environment that stresses customer satisfaction.

Challenges The most serious challenge that CarMax has is getting good quality cars to put on sale. In as much as the core business of the company is the selling of used cars, the quality of used cars bought by the company present a serious risk to the business both in terms of customer satisfaction and in terms of cost. The company cannot lax in any way when it comes to inspecting the cars bought for resale. Poor quality cars may lead to high refurbishment costs and eventually high resale prices, which may out-price the market.

The company risks turning its employees into robots acting in specific ways because of the high level of optimization so far achieved. While this works perfectly for innovative business models, it also brings about the risk of aversion to innovation. In the long term, it can kill the business because the entity must continually evolve (Murthy, 2007).

It may lead to loss of employees who no longer feel challenged and consequently, a pool of staff unsupportive to change will emerge. This means that the company must remain vigilant during promotions to ensure that the people who hold supervisory roles are supportive of change and accommodative to new ideas (Murthy, 2007). The way to ensure long-term success is to retain the most innovative people in the ranks since the CarMax business model is inherently innovative.

One of the things that may erode the brand image because of unresolved poor customer experiences is class action against the company. As a used car dealership, there is possibility that some of the cars that pass through CarMax have certain defects that the company cannot detect or solve.

If these defects are not declared in advance, a recourse action established in advance, the result can be a pool of unsatisfied customers. If they come together to sue the company, the corresponding publicity may lead to erosion of the brand’s image and subsequently loss of market share.

In light of the mission of CarMax which is ‘To provide our customers great quality cars at great prices with exceptional customer service’, CarMax must do everything in its power to ensure that the challenges it faces does not weaken its efforts to achieve the mission.

CarMax must ensure that its quality control procedures work perfectly because it is the business’ lifeline. Ignoring quality in the business processes will effectively derail the organization’s mission. On the second issue of innovation, the company stands on a foundation of innovation. Its business processes are very innovative and therefore it requires innovative people throughout the system to maintain and improve it.

The risk of class action threatens to rob the company of its brand image. In this case, the company must ensure that it communicates as clearly as possible to all its clientele on the possible defects in the cars it sells and all other business terms to reduce the risk of lawsuits. In the case that they come about, the business must handle them as amicably as possible to ensure it retains the confidence of present and future clients.

CarMax needs to devote its attention to some three areas that are likely to influence its leadership position in the automotive retail sector. They include mainstreaming innovative practices, strengthening quality control and maintaining the obvious strength it possesses in customer service.

The underlying aspect in the organization culture of CarMax is innovation. The business model is innovative blending aspects that other businesses such as Wal-Mart demonstrated. It amalgamated careful research in testing and establishing the model as viable. Its implementation was also very innovative, ensuring that all the stores offered the same standard of service.

If the company loses this innovative edge because of highly streamlined operational process, it risks losing this aspect of its organizational culture (Murthy, 2007). This recommendation requires the alignment of the HR policies of the company towards innovation.

The second recommendation is that in light of the focus on quality that the company works with, there are risks associated with deteriorating quality standards. Quality standards keep changing towards a more stringent stance by both regulators and by market forces.

The company must remain on the forefront of developing acceptable quality standards in all its operations to ensure that it remains reliable as a provider of quality products and services. A possible approach towards ensuring that quality standards remain high is adapting the kaizen practices popularized by Toyota that among other things, stresses on continuous quality improvement.

The third recommendation is that the company must do everything in its power to ensure that it maintains a good public image at all times. The Harvard Business School ( 2005) encourages every organization to leverage on the key aspects of growth to take advantage of the strategic position provided by its sources of competitive advantage.

With growth, there is always the risk of suits and claims of dissatisfaction among customers. The process used in handling complaints must have the robustness required. As the company expands, a proportional expansion of its services must be part of the company’s policy.

Conclusion The CarMax case shows that despite the success of an organization at any point, there is always a clear need to maintain an innovative edge in business practices to maintain competitive advantage. The role of innovation comes out very clearly in the case of CarMax that now boasts the pride of place in the automobile retail sector.

The challenges identified prove that despite success, it is very risky for a business to slacken because it may lead to a loss of competitive advantage. CarMax has a good standing now. It has no assurance that things will always be like that. It should achieve greater heights in its business if the management remains focused on the company’s vision.

References Burns, J. M. (1979). Leadership. New York, NY: Harper

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Comparison of Religion in Australia and the United States Essay essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Significance of religion in Australia

Significance of religion in America

Conclusion

References

Introduction Religion refers to multifaceted dogmas and does that point to a set of standards and comprehension of the significance of actuality. All over the world, human beings have engaged in religion for thousands of years. In the United States and Australia, a number of their citizens cannot trace their place of origins in the last century (McDannell 2002, p. 123).

Equally, up to a quarter of them were born outside of the two countries. Surprisingly, most of the major world’s religious groups are represented in the two countries. In some other parts of the world such as in Europe and Asia, religion was practiced as early as 2000 years ago.

In both countries, the indigenous religions have vanished as the natives adopt the religions from outside the continents. This illustrates that spiritual values and forms can vary quite rapidly, whereas features of the old religion created elsewhere can also be preserved. This article seeks to compare and contrast the significance of religion in Australia and the United States.

Significance of religion in Australia In Australia, the sacred societies that have faith in religion portray a number of diverse structures of conviction, practice, and group, which determine their attitudes towards life. Two-third of the country’s populations is made up Christians (Bouma 2006, p. 79).

The other one-third comprises of the Islam, Buddhists, Jewish, and atheist. Despite its popularity, religion plays a significant role in the attentions and ordinary lives of few Australians. With respect to the research done by International Survey, 28% of the Australians consider themselves non-religious (Bouma 2006, p. 79). Among this group, religious practices and values have hardly featured in their day-to-day lives.

According to the same survey, 25% of Australians consider themselves as deeply religious (Bouma 2006, p. 80). Equally, 44% of the Australians categorize themselves spiritual. However, religion does not play a vital role in their day-to- day lives.

Forty eight percent of Australians do not participate in personal prayer. Similarly, 52% do not attend religious gatherings. In general, religious conviction scored lesser than all other parts of Australians daily life, considered that more than 50% of the population perceive religion the least significant unlike families, partners, or careers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From mid 19th century, the state provided aid to various organizations to establish and run churches and schools across Australia. These institutions formed the basis of an ordered social existence and community life. Ever since then, churches have played major roles in civilizing Australians.

They have inculcated principles of integrity and character, which have enhanced civic accountability and admiration for others. From the 19th century, churches have collectively enhanced the democratic ideals and practices that preceded the formation of the Australian nation state. These churches were intrinsic to the success of the Australian democratic experiment.

The church missionary activities socialized and cultured ordinary people, so endowing them with the kinds of property and capital that was the requisite for the achievement of the democratic ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity in the regional and federal governments.

Similarly, religion has had a say in the education and development of youths. Through this, religion has had an influence on their social behaviours and promoted the comradeship and civic literacy that is crucial to democratic participation.

Moreover, all through Australian history, religion has played a vital role in legitimating political power, bestowing certain leaders with supernatural powers, providing social power to governments and laws, and strengthening prospects of service and public spirit on the part of persons (Hughes

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Answer the following question on 2 double-spaced pages: The movie discusses how the Prison Industrial Complex uses the free labor Essay college admissions essay help

Answer the following question on 2 double-spaced pages: The movie discusses how the Prison Industrial Complex uses the free labor of incarcerated people to fuel the production of goods for major companies and private industries like McDonalds, Boeing, Microsoft, Anderson Flooring, and even Idaho potatoes, much like the sweatshops that we denounce overseas for exploiting free labor. What role does capitalism/consumerism play in Mass incarceration and racism, and what, if anything, you think we can do as consumers to potentially impact change and help end mass incarceration?

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Hertzberg Theory: Application at the Workplace Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Critique of Herzberg theory and application at the workplace

Herzberg theory at my workplace

Recommendation

References

Critique of Herzberg theory and application at the workplace Developed and proposed by the American psychologist Frederick Herzberg in 1950s, the Herzberg Theory states that job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction at the workplace are independent of each other and are caused by two sets of distinct factors (Herzberg 2004).

The theory proposed the “two-factor” fundamentals, in which it states “job motivators” are the factors that produce satisfaction (positive), arising from intrinsic conditions at the workplace. They include recognition, personal growth and achievements (Herzberg 2004).

On the other hand, “hygiene factors” do not produce positive satisfaction, but their absence results into job dissatisfaction. According to the theory, hygiene factors are the extrinsic conditions at the workplace and include a number of aspects such as company practices, policies and remunerations to the company employees (Schultz

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Planet Earth: Mountains Essay (Movie Review) online essay help

Summary The Planet Earth series are amazing in that they embrace practically all wonders that nature has to offer. One might think that Planet Earth is solely about soil, lava and the core of the planet, yet it, strangely enough, manages to capture a number of other peculiar information into the scope of a forty-minute series.

The video opens with an image of the “frozen alien world” (documentareorg, 2011, January 31, 0:41), and the next spot that it takes its audience to is one of the hottest spots in the entire world, the “other extreme” in Ethiopia (documentareorg, 2011, January 31, 01:01).

After a short introduction about how volcanoes are made and what the volcanic forces are, the narrator switches to practical examples by showing Ethiopian mountains and describing the process of their formation. As soon as the history of the Ethiopian Mountains is briefly touched upon, the local mountain dwellers are sown to the viewers.

Attractive in their own anthropomorphous way, Gelada monkeys appear to be rather well adjusted to the harsh environment of the Ethiopian Mounts. To prove his point, the narrator shifts the focus from Geladas onto the Ethiopian mountain climate, describing it as very changeable. Clearly, Ethiopia is a place where one can observe “all seasons in one day” (documentareorg, 2011, January 31, 09:35).

After the audience had learned about the herbivores that one can encounter in mountains, it was time to talk about the local carnivores. The narrator made the audience face the heat of Africa and follow a family of pumas, which he described them as the “lions of the Andes” (18:04).

Soon more dangerous dwellers of mountains were revealed to the viewers – the latter were able to observe a family of bears. Speaking of danger, the issue of avalanches was discussed as well.

Finally, the audience appears at the “roof of the world” (documentareorg, 2011, January 31,), known as the Mount Everest. The documentary ends on a relatively general and rather sad note, with a demoiselle crane hovering over the mountains in search for its nestling, which fell prey to an eagle.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Despite the depressing ending, the movie still leaves a tangible feeling of wonder about the subject matter, as it actually should. Though explored well, mountains are still very fascinating, especially taking their rather unusual nature into account. A true wonder of nature, mountains are, and will be, one of the most wonderful places on Earth.

Reference List documentareorg (2011, January 31). Planet Earth 02 – mountains. Web.

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The Effects of Energy Drinks and Alcohol on Neuropsychological Functioning Essay (Critical Writing) essay help free: essay help free

The article by Curry and Stasio (2009, pp. 473-481) acts as a literary source of information when a clinician intends to gather data on a clinical trial. However, a critical review of this article reveals that there are several issues that the authors fail to adhere to. The evaluation carried out in the current paper seeks to point out these areas. According to Brody (2012), a research article is expected to provide adequate and reliable information on its subject matter.

That notwithstanding, the evaluation conducted in this paper highlights the relevant issues addressed by Curry and Stasio in this article. The article is titled The Effects of Energy Drinks alone and Alcohol on Neuropsychological Functioning (Curry

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Trials and Verdicts Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me

The important result of the legal decision-making process is the verdict which can end the trial process and state the form of punishment for the convicted person.

However, to understand the details related to interpreting the cases and law and to stating the verdict, it is necessary to analyze the processes related to different courts according to their jurisdiction, and to focus on the real-life examples in order to discuss the problems of accepting a plea bargain and of being wrongly accused.

The question of the court’s jurisdiction is discussed when it is necessary to select which court can decide on the certain case appropriately. Following the Felkner v. Jackson case, it is possible to state that different courts are effective to discuss concrete issues and decide on the aspects of the case, but the process of the case resolution can be rather long and complicated.

In 2011, Steven Frank Jackson was convicted of many sexual offenses. However, Jackson referred to the Batson v. Kentucky case, and focused on the issue of racism in relation to the California jury who discussed the case.

Jackson’s petition was accepted and examined by the California Court of Appeal, and then the California Supreme Court decided according to the court’s jurisdiction to reject the necessity of the case’s review (Felkner v. Jackson, 2011). Nevertheless, the case was not unresolved even in relation to the Federal District Court.

In this situation, the Supreme Court took the jurisdiction to provide the decision, and the previous courts’ decisions were defined as unreasonable. Finally, it is stated by the Supreme Court of the United States that the petition “for certiorari and the motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis are granted.

The judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion” (Felkner v. Jackson, 2011). As a result, it is possible to note that the decision to discuss the case in the Supreme Court of the United States is appropriate because of the necessity to resolve all the controversial points of the case which cannot be resolved in the other courts.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The cases when the defendant accepts a plea bargain as an alternative to trial are also very controversial and complicated because this decision can be associated with a kind of pressure from attorneys and prosecutors. Furthermore, the defendant can change his or her decision during the process. Thus, to discuss the question in detail, it is necessary to focus on the Freeman v. United States case (2011).

William Freeman was convicted of different crimes associated with drug trafficking and drug delivery. However, Freeman decided to develop the plea agreement under Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(C). The agreement meant that Freeman could plead guilty depending on receiving a specific sentence.

The case was rather complicated, and it was decided in 2011 that referring to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2), the sentence could be reduced “for the offense to which the defendant pled guilty” (Freeman v. United States, 2011).

In spite of the fact that the plea agreement does not mean the alternative to the trial, the case is important to be discussed to decide whether or not justice was served. Referring to this concrete case, it is possible to state that the justice was served because the severity of crimes should be taken into account every time when the possibility of the plea agreement is discussed.

The most problematic cases are those ones in which defendants are wrongly accused and later vindicated. One of the most famous cases is the case associated with the famous sportsman Brian Banks who was convicted of raping Wanetta Gibson. Brian Banks accepted a plea bargain because of the threat to be imprisoned for more than 40 years.

However, in 2011, it became possible to state that Banks was not guilty, and he was vindicated. The most important aspect to be discussed in relation to the case is the fact that Wanetta Gibson lied during the first trial process in order to receive the significant financial compensation (Powers, 2012).

The decision of the court could be different, but the lawyers failed to prove or not Gibson’s words. That is why, these details affected the whole trail process, and Brian Banks had to accept the plea agreement in order to avoid being imprisoned for a long period of time.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Trials and Verdicts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In spite of the fact, the United States’ legislative system should contribute to the people’s welfare and protection, there are many controversial verdicts and trials which can influence the statement of the principles of justice in the country.

From this point, it is necessary to pay much attention to the controversial aspects and issues discussed during the trial processes in order to resolve cases in the appropriate courts with the focus on their jurisdiction and to avoid the ineffective decisions which can lead to the unalterable consequences. As a result, all the details of the case should be taken into consideration to decide on the person’s guilt and possible verdict.

References Felkner v. Jackson. (2011). Retrieved from https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/10pdf/10-797.pdf

Freeman v. United States. (2011). Retrieved from https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/10pdf/09-10245.pdf

Powers, A. (2012). A 10-year nightmare over rape conviction is over. Retrieved from https://www.latimes.com/local/la-xpm-2012-may-25-la-me-rape-dismiss-20120525-story.html

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E-Marketing: Mobile Development Essay (Article) cheap essay help

Table of Contents Email Marketing

Social Media Strategies

Search Engine Optimization

Online Reputation Management

References

The past years witnessed the growing importance of mobile technologies in e-marketing and e-commerce. As more consumers start to use mobile devices for daily communication, online and brick-and-mortar companies seek to use these technologies in their marketing strategies.

According to Hovancakova (2011), the current trends and patterns in global marketing justify the importance of mobile development as a tool of marketing, but with the growing intensity of business competition, organizations and marketing professionals will have to be aware of the new mobile technology developments, in order to be the first to use their advantages in the short and long run.

Hovancakova (2011) writes that mobile marketing is a relatively new term, which is used to define messages that are distributed with the help of mobile technologies, including SMS, MMS, and others. For many organizations, mobile technologies have become a real salvation in the field of marketing.

With the help of wireless communication media, organizations can reach broader audiences and reduce the costs of their marketing efforts. In the meantime, potential and real customers can use these messages to keep in touch with their suppliers and be aware of the most attractive product and service propositions that may be available within a limited period of time.

For instance, it has become quite common for large and small stores to inform their customers of new discount propositions, by sending an MMS or an SMS. As a result, the company knows that its customers are informed, whereas customers are not afraid of missing an attractive product opportunity.

Mobile development in e-marketing has become so important that some governments develop new legal frameworks to be applied in the field of mobile marketing (Hovancakova, 2011). At the same time, due to the rapid development of the mobile technologies field and the lack universal criteria of use, cases of misuse in mobile marketing are not uncommon (Hovancakova, 2011).

Nevertheless, mobile development offers immense advantages to organizations and marketing professionals. A piece of technology as small as mobile phone can empower the largest organizations to reach each and every customer with a simple and attractive product or service message.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The success of mobile development in e-marketing depends mostly on the quality and consistency of the technologies used by firms. Given the growing diversity of mobile applications, only organizations that are aware of the latest technology developments will be able to use their benefits in their marketing strategies.

For instance, as more customers start to use smartphones for daily communications, marketing executives and researchers should focus on the analysis of marketing opportunities that become available with this kind of technology (Persaud

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The Challenge of Constructing a Bridge over the Chacao Channel Case Study college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Torben Forsberg and Anton Petersen are two renowned civil engineers with qualifications from the Technical University of Denmark. In their article The Challenge of Constructing a Bridge over the Chacao Channel, the authors describe possibilities of improving the design of a new bridge. The authors’ arguments on alternative possibilities are based on the fact that the construction of the new bridge has many challenges.

The challenges mentioned in the article include large tides and currents, strong seismic loads, wind and unstable ground conditions. According to the authors, the proposed design is compromised and requires technical review to ensure that the bridge is aesthetically pleasant and cost-effective.

However, the article provides a solution by proposing new bridge alternatives. The authors review new bridge alternatives in relation to existing challenges. In each of the new bridge alternatives, a clear discussion with technical details is outlined. In this regard, the reader detects advantages of using various design alternatives in respect to technical demands and cost-efficiency.

The article describes the construction project, its geographical location, as well as environmental challenges associated with the new bridge. Examples of such conditions include possible earthquakes, wind and strong currents. The authors’ description of the Chacao channel as extremely challenging is effective. This description justifies the need to initiate technical competency in construction of the new bridge.

The authors also estimate the depth, tidal variation and the speed of water. Besides, they mention the possible magnitude of earthquakes expected in the region. Moreover, a description of the climatic conditions such as wind speed provides insight into the technical demands of the project.

The authors’ description of bridge alternatives follows technical logic by providing specifications of each design. In this regard, the authors explain why each design is only effective in prevailing environmental conditions. For example, the authors give details and advantages of using a continuous two-main-span suspension bridge.

The article evaluates alternative bridge designs that can withstand the existing environmental challenges. In this regard, the authors evaluate both classical and conventional bridge solutions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main strength of the article is the focus on a factual project that exists in a geographically known territory. This is important to the reader who may decide to research further about the project and on the engineering design used to build the bridge. The authors’ credibility as civil engineers from a reputable engineering school is additional strength of the article’s content.

The article’s weakness that can be highlighted is that the article does not entirely solve the challenges of building the bridge. In fact, the authors offer a detailed research of other alternatives that could improve the construction of the bridge, but do not provide details of how the construction of the bridge was completed. Moreover, the authors fail to give examples of replicas of bridge designs in other regions.

The credibility of the authors as civil engineers is effectively felt in the article, though it is not emphasized. In my opinion, the article content is clear, accurate and insightful. The authors have been able to engage the reader’s mind using simple terms and graphics.

For example, the authors have used graphs and maps to emphasize on their arguments. Another important aspect of the article’s strength is the use of Chacao channel topography. In addition, the article is useful in providing future research material.

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Understanding the Mind Report college admission essay help

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether early alertness on misinformation reduces chances of creating false memories in humans, and whether there was any relationship between DRM false memories and misinformation. As noticed from the study, initial perceptions on certain issues or events created after receiving the first information always affects human memory.

As evident from the findings of this study, there is a relatively positive correlation between early alertness about the occurrence of misinformation and chances of creating false memories about certain events in human beings.

Children filled with misconstrued information about certain aspects of their childhood will eventually build false memories due to receiving misleading information earlier. Alerting or warning people about incoming information increases their alertness, and thus, reduces chances of building false memories. The DRM technique of identifying false memories in humans is practicable in human cognitive psychology.

Understanding the Mind The impact of misleading information on people’s perception of certain life events, issues, or experiences is still unknown. How people communicate and interpret information during conversation is imperative in determining the final perception of the content delivered (Blair, Lenton,

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Sportswear Merchandise in UK Essay essay help site:edu

Introduction Businesses operate in industries characterised by unique attributes, which emanate from interaction between internal and external forces. These forces interact in both predictable and unpredictable ways. Silber and Kearny (2010, p.110) argue that the ‘interactions are both complex and uncontrollable’. Action oriented business executives have an obligation to understand the industry in which their organisations operate.

Subsequently, business executives should put sufficient efforts to understand and utilise the complex interactions between businesses for the success of the organisation. Gaining insight on the prevailing industry dynamics gives business executives perceptivity on the business model and strategies to implement.

The retail industry is among the most dynamic industries in the world. According to the Euro Monitor (2013), the retail industry is characterised by inconsistent consumer preferences, intense competition, and short product life. This paper analyses the retail industry. The analysis mainly focuses on sportswear merchandise. Considering the large size of the global sportswear industry, the paper focuses on the UK market.

Industry analysis Industry structure

The sportswear industry is comprised of the apparels and the athletic footwear industry. The industry is labour intensive; consequently, firms in the industry undertake their production activities in low-wage countries. According to a Press Release by PRLOG, the UK fashion industry is very price-competitive.

Moreover, the industry is characterised by high market demand. It is estimated that approximately 90% of UK citizens under the age of 35 years, which covers 75% of the total population, purchase from the fashion industry. This high market potential has led to remarkable increment in the intensity of competition (Euro Monitor 2013).

Campbell and Craig (2005, p.72) accentuate that understanding ‘the underlying structures of a company’s industry, now and in the future is a core discipline in strategy formation’. Understanding the prevailing level of competition is one of the ways through which CEOs can gain insight on the most effective strategy to adopt.

CEOs should take into account the Porter’s five forces. The five forces assist in organisations’ efforts to determine the long-term profitability of the industry. Below is an analysis of the forces that shape competition in the UK sportswear industry.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Threat of entry: (high)

The major industry players include Nike, Puma, Adidas, Under Amour, and K-Swiss. Currently, Nike ranks as the leading industry player in the global sportswear industry. Nike has gained substantial market dominance over the past years. In 2011, the firm’s revenue amounted to $ 23 billion. Moreover, the firm’s global market share increased to 4.6% in 2011 to 3.7% in 2006.

The firm’s market share is expected to increase to 6.3% by 2017. The firms’ growth illustrates the industry’s potentiality (FashionMag 2011). The threat of new entrants in the industry is relatively high due to the low manufacturing cost. Most sportswear products in the UK are imported from emerging economies such as China. Subsequently, the barriers to entry into the industry are relatively low.

New firms are increasingly entering the industry in their pursuit to exploit the prevailing market potential. It is projected that the sportswear market value will grow to 8.6% by the end of 2015 (FashionMag 2011). The high threat of entry has significantly reduced switching cost.

Supplier bargaining power: (low)

There are a large number of suppliers in the sportswear industry. Moreover, the suppliers have not differentiated their raw materials. Consequently, their bargaining power is relatively low. Lack of differentiation enables the firms to switch between suppliers at a minimal cost.

The main raw materials for the industry include rubber, cotton, and leather, which are readily available in the market. Despite the low supplier bargaining power, the leading conglomerates such as Adidas and Nike have a distinct bargaining power (British Fashion Council 2011).

Buyer bargaining power: (high)

The industry is characterised by high buyer bargaining power emanating from the large number of sportswear consumers. Consequently, the industry players such as Nike and Adidas must differentiate their products in order to attain the desired market share and sales revenue.

The high buyer bargaining power has stimulated the industry players to implement mechanisms aimed at nurturing a high level of customer loyalty. For example, Nike Incorporation has developed nikeid.com, hence providing consumers with an opportunity to customise their footwear and apparel designs.

We will write a custom Essay on Sportswear Merchandise in UK specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Threat of substitute: (Low)

According to the British Fashion Council (2011), the buyers’ propensity to substitute sportswear is relatively low due to the little alternatives that consumers can switch to in their purchasing trends. The products and performance specification of each brand makes the threat of a substitute to be low. For example, football players cannot wear boots when playing football.

Rivalry: (high)

The large number of industry players has led to an increment in the degree of rivalry. Large firms such as Adidas AG, Callaway Golf Co., Amer Sports, and Nike Incorporation dominate the industry. As aforementioned, Nike Incorporation is ranked as the largest sportswear company in the industry; on the other hand, Adidas has gained substantial market position as it has been in existence for over 60 years.

These firms have undergone remarkable growth over the past two decades. The firms have attained substantial market recognition by integrating effective marketing strategies such as Internet marketing and electronic commerce. The use of emerging technologies has enabled the large firms to maximise their sales revenue.

Nike Incorporation plans to increase its market dominance in the European region by exploiting the Winter Olympics, the Super Bowl, and the World Cup (Marketing Week 2013). Below is a summary of the competitiveness of the sportswear industry in the UK.

Competitive analysis The sportswear industry is characterised by intense competition emanating from the adoption of effective strategic management practices. The industry has experienced a high level of consolidation over the past few years. In 2013, Nike sold Umbro, which is one of its brands, to Iconix. Subsequently, Nike positioned itself as the official sponsor of international renowned international football clubs.

The Adidas-Reebok merger is another example of the strategic changes in the industry (Euro Monitor 2013). The collapse of JJB, which was a sportswear retailer in the UK, led to the entry of new firms such as Matalan. Other major retailers include Sports Direct and Sporting Pro.

Sports Direct ranks as the leading sportswear retailer in the UK. On the other hand, Sports Pro has attained an optimal market position by carrying other brands such as New Balance, Adidas, Reebok, Nike, and Asics. Moreover, the firm has established over 5,400 stores.

The high market potential in the industry will stimulate market growth significantly. For example, Nike and Adidas announced their plan to expand their store network over the next few years (Joseph 2013).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Sportswear Merchandise in UK by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Goldfingle (2013, par. 12) argues that with ‘the brands’ interest in becoming retailers, the sportswear market could look very different and more competitive in five years’ time’. Appendix 1 illustrates the brand positioning in the UK sportswear industry. The positioning map has been based on the age of the respective brands and their affluent amongst the consumers.

Macro environmental forces

The competitiveness of the sportswear industry is also influenced by external forces, which emanate from political, social, technological, social, economic, and environmental factors. Consequently, business managers should evaluate the environment in which their businesses operate. Below is an analysis of the major external forces.

Political structure and trends

Expansion of firms in the retail sector is subject to the land system policies adopted in the UK. The UK government influences operations of firms in the retail sector through the land-planning system. The UK government has instituted tight restrictions on green-field and off-centre development.

The policy has made it extremely difficult for retailers intending to expand in other areas of the UK by establishing retail outlets. The UK government also controls operations of the retail sector through the Competition Commission, whose objective is to safeguard the consumers’ interests.

Economic structures

The prevailing economic structures in a country have a remarkable impact on the success of a particular industry. The UK has experienced a significant economic growth over the past decades. The 2008 global economic crisis adversely affected the country’s economic performance.

However, the government has been very committed to improving the country’s economic performance. In 2011, the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) averaged £329.1 billion. Moreover, the country’s GDP increased with a margin of 1.5% during its 2009/2010 fiscal year. This trend shows that the economy is undergoing an upwards spiral economic growth, which is predicted to be sustained in the future.

Social environment

There is a significant change in the consumers’ purchasing patterns in the UK. This trend has arisen from the increment in the consumers’ disposable income (Pahl

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Examining a Sector in Travel Industry Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Introduction The travel industry is one of the most lucrative service sectors in the UK. The industry accommodates various companies that offer different travel services such as vacation reservation via the Internet, tour operations, and travel agency professional services.

Other sectors in the industry are cruise lines, airlines, food service companies, car renting, rail travel companies, meeting and conventions, parks, sporting and entertainment companies, publication organisations, marketing research organisations, and regulatory agencies. Each of these sectors has various organisations, which operate under competition.

For instance, in the marketing sector, there are different organisations that offer marketing research services to various organisations that deal with travel services in the bid to help them analyse their industry trends to derive better strategies to retain and increase their market share.

Competition also occurs between organisations in different sectors. For example, the airlines sector competes with companies that offer alternative means of travel such as the rail travel.

The vast and the sheer number of organisations operating in the entire travel industry in the UK makes it impossible to conduct an overhaul examination of the services offered in the industry. This paper focuses only on the cruise lines sector.

Operational cruise lines in the UK include Cruise and Maritime Voyages, European Water Ways, Fred Olsen Cruise Lines, Cunard Line, P

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The Role of the Brain in Cognition Essay cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Role of the brain in cognition

The case of Phineas Gage

Conclusion

References

Introduction Cognition refers to the process through which information is processed, stored, and recovered for use (Glees, 2005). This process involves several mental processes that play different roles in order to enhance functions such as memory, comprehension, learning, problem solving, thinking, and decision making. The brain plays a pivotal role in cognition.

It is a faculty that helps to process sensory information, apply knowledge, and make important decisions (Glees, 2005). Cognition comprises mental functions and processes, as well as intelligent entities. The brain uses its various parts to process information.

For example, certain parts are concerned with memory while other parts deal with learning. The case of Phineas Gage is widely used to demonstrate the role of the brain in cognition. His brain injury is used in the field of psychology to understand and explain the functioning of the human brain with regard to cognition.

Role of the brain in cognition The brain plays a pivotal role in supporting cognitive functions. Examples of cognitive functions include learning, memory, and perception (Glees, 2005). The brain has several parts that play different roles in the execution of cognitive functions. Parts of the brain involved in cognition include prefrontal cortex, frontal and parietal lobes, temporal lobes, and occipital lobe (Roizman, 2010).

The prefrontal cortex is the latest part of the brain to be discovered in the field of psychology. It executes high-priority cognitive functions that include planning, assessment of the outcomes of actions, and expression of personality traits (Roizman, 2010). In addition, this area expresses the aptness of various behaviors in different social contexts.

The frontal lobes deal with two main cognitive functions that include language comprehension and memory (Roizman, 2010). The left and right frontal lobes perform different functions. The left lobe deals with language comprehension while the right lobe processes information. Damage to these lobes is characterized by poor decisions and inability to make good plans.

Parietal lobes aid in the processing of sensory information. For example, it converts and consolidates sensory input into memories that are stored in the brain. Temporal lobes serve the role of processing auditory sensory information mainly for speech recognition (Glees, 2005).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, they aid in memory and recognition of physical objects. For example, the brain’s role of identifying sounds and odors is executed by the temporal lobes. Finally, the occipital lobe plays the role of processing visual information (Roizman, 2010). Damage to the occipital lobe causes a condition that is characterized by reduced functionality of sight, and inability to recognize apparent deficits.

The case of Phineas Gage Phineas Gage was a railroad construction worker who is an important figure in psychology. Gage survived an accident in which his brain’s frontal lobe was damaged by an iron bar that passed through his head (Flesichman, 2004). The injury had far-reaching effects on his behavior and personality for the 12 years that he lived after the accident.

This incident is widely used in the field of psychology to explain how certain brain areas support cognitive functions. After the injury, Gage showed certain changes in behavior that characterized changes in behavior due to damage to certain brain areas. The frontal lobe plays roles such as problem solving, planning, and decision-making. The prefrontal cortex expresses personality.

After the accident, studies of Gage’s behavior revealed several changes. For example, he could make plans and fail to execute them to completion (Flesichman, 2004). His friends also reported that his personality had changed significantly. Before the accident, Gage was a shrewd, persistent, and energetic businessperson. However, after the accident, these traits were replaced by destructive qualities that affected his life negatively.

He neither made good plans nor completed his projects due to lack of persistence. His personality traits after the accident included irreverence, impatience, and irresponsibility. Other behaviors that resulted from the injury included irresponsible sexual behavior, domestic violence against his wife and children, lying, gambling, bullying, and lack of foresight (Flesichman, 2004).

These behaviors mainly resulted from poor judgment and planning. One of the most common signs of frontal lobe damage is change in behavior. An individual who suffers damage to their frontal lobes does not behave as they used to before the damage.

People who are close to the individual can observe these changes in behavior. After the accident, Gage showed a decrease in the efficiency of functions that included planning, judgment, inhibition, and decision making (Flesichman, 2004).

We will write a custom Essay on The Role of the Brain in Cognition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The brain serves several roles, one of which is supporting cognitive functions. Parts of the brain that support cognition include prefrontal cortex, frontal and parietal lobes, temporal lobes, and occipital lobe. Each of these parts performs a different role. Examples of cognitive functions performed by these parts include judgment, memory, and decision-making, problem solving, and planning.

The brain injury of Phineas Gage is used by psychologists to demonstrate the role of the brain with regard to cognition. After the accident, Gage’s personality changed tremendously after damage to his brain’s frontal lobe. Behavioral changes included irresponsible sexual behavior, domestic violence against his wife and children, lying, gambling, bullying, and lack of foresight.

References Flesichman, J. (2004). Phineas Gage: A Gruesome but True Story about Brain Science. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Glees, P. (2005). The Human Brain. London: Cambridge University Press.

Roizman, T. (2010). The Brain Functions Involved in Cognitive Functions. Retrieved from https://howtoadult.com/177861-the-brain-functions-involved-in-cognitive-functions.html

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Communication Perspectives Essay online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Definition

Discussion

Examples

Conclusion

References

Definition Interpersonal interactions occur through symbols or gestures. During communication, the sender is often unconscious of the subtle symbols he or she is communicates to the receiver. These symbols form the unconscious communication that develops into language.

Thus, ‘language as communication’ is the “communication through significant symbols” (Márkova

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Screw Compressor Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Screw compressors are some type of gas compressors that use two interlocking screws to capture and compress gas. Screw compressors are of two types, the dry running screw compressor, and the oil-flooded screw compressor. Lubricating oil is used in the oil-flooded compressor to facilitate the screwing process. The oil also provides a hydraulic seal that passes energy between the screws.

In the dry running compressor, male and the female rotors maintain a special alignment in a timely manner, such that, one screw drives the other to form a continuous rotation of the screws (Bloch and Soares 76). The interaction of the male-female thread traps air, compresses it, and converts it into energy.

In both types of screw compressors, the air enters through the suction point; the rotors compress it while they rotate, and it finally gets its way out through the outlet as energy. Unlike other compressors that are somewhat noisy, screw compressors are noiseless and they compress air continuously.

The first step in operating a dry running screw compressor is ensuring the power unit has a strong cooling system. Two-screw gear units inside the chambers are shaped differently, but in a manner that they interlock perfectly. While rotating, the screws suck and trap air as they rotate from one end.

The rotation of the screws reduces the size of the chamber and this facilitates the compression process. As the screws rotate, they push the compressed air forward to the next screw to allow the sucking of new uncompressed air. The highly compressed air forces itself out at the discharge point. Compressors work differently depending on whether they are oil free or oil flooded.

There is no oil lubrication in the oil free compressors; thus, the movement of the screws compresses the air without necessarily depending on the oil seal. Such compressors do not give high-pressured power. However, there are multistage compressors that give high-pressured power by compressing air at several screw sets. In the first stage, air is compressed into a few bars to become light and extremely hot.

The light air will thus moves to the succeeding screw bars easily. Every move of the air makes it extremely hot, and this continues until the air reaches the outlet point. In most case, oil-free compressors are made up of about seven bars. For the oil-flooded compressors, users inject oil into the screws. As the screws rotate, the oil finds its way onto the sealing of the cavities to provide some cooling effect.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The oil is also useful in capturing particles in the air during the air sanction process. When the compressed gas gets its way into the discharge end, any oil that is present in the air is filtered and recycled. However, this is not an assurance that the compressed air is free from oil traces.

The applications of screw compressors vary from construction to industrial applications. Oil-injected screw compressors are used in industries that require large volumes of compressed air. Moreover, industries that operate high-powered tools would find it worthwhile to use screw compressors to generate the required volumes of compressed air instead of using piston compressors.

Contractors can also use oil-injected screw compressors to operate the construction machineries, whereas, the wastewater treatment machineries also find it worthwhile to use such compressors in their process because they consume low power. In the case of medical researches, dry running screw compressors would be of great use.

Lobe Compressor A lobe compressor has some similarities with the screw compressors, only that the screws in the screw compressors are replaced with lobes. A lobe compressor has two 8-shaped profiled lobe blowers. The 8-shaped lobes rotate inside some somewhat oval casings. The lobes are always 900 apart at any instance whenever they are in operation. The distance between the two lobes allows them to hold as much air as possible.

During operation, one of the lobes acts as the driver. It obtains is power from external sources while the other lobe relies on it to rotate. The oval casings and the system pressure do not allow the discharged air to came back unless under very small spillages.

However, the spillages are negligible, as only small amounts of air would be allowed in case of a slip. With the air coming and going out, there is no change in the volume of the air within the machine. The system’s pressure at a particular time draws in air, compresses it, and lets it out as compressed power.

The air across the machinery determines the temperature levels of the discharged air. It is noteworthy that lobe compressors do not require oil lubrications within the lobes. The lobes run for restricted clearances to deliver compressed air that is free from oil spillages.

We will write a custom Essay on Screw Compressor specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As discussed, lobe compressors discharge compressed air that is oil free (Stosic, Smith and Kovacevic 69). Therefore, lobe compressors are used in fish hatcheries and aquacultures to support life.

They are also useful in meat processing systems as they produce compressed air that is free from harmful chemicals. People have also found lobe compressors useful in the printing and paper converting industries, wastewater treatment industries, and in the environmental remediation systems.

Works Cited Bloch, Heinz. A Practical Guide to Compressor Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley

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Ecosystem Report (Geelong Botanic Garden) Report best essay help

Introduction Ecosystem comprises of biotic and biotic factors that are present in a given environment. The biotic factors are the living organism such as microbes, plants, and animals, while the abiotic factors are nonliving components like water, air, rocks, soil, sunlight, and topography. The interaction of biotic and abiotic factors in a certain environment occurs in a form of a system due to the flow of nutrient and energy.

In essence, ecosystem examines how biotic and abiotic factors interact as a self-sustaining system (Chapin, Matson,

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Begin by researching Shamrock Foods company (https://www.shamrockfoodservice.com/). In 250-500 words, address the following: Describe the company and its sustainability model.How has sustainability he argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

shamrockfoodservice.com/). In 250-500 words, address the following:
Describe the company and its sustainability model.
How has sustainability helped to achieve the company’s goals and competitiveness with other supply chains?
What are the financial impacts of sustainability on the company?
What are the benefits and challenges associated with sustainability efforts?
Are there any federal mandates in the United States on sustainability? Make sure to include current and future mandates.

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Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE Report online essay help

Overview Introduction

Entrepreneurs, regardless of their inherent location or gender, share similar problems in relation to properly accessing sufficient capital to start their business, developing a sufficient cash flow to sustain their venture and a variety of other distinctions that are connected to the process of developing a business.

With the development of new internal policies within the UAE comes an era where women have become more empowered, both in the workforce and in entrepreneurship. This is evidenced by the fact that nearly 54% of all university graduates within the UAE are women and that a growing percentage of them focus on furthering their own careers and the development of their family business or their own business [1].

This is not to imply that women themselves cannot be entrepreneurs within the country, far from it:, women are actually actively encouraged to take part in business and several have become successful entrepreneurs.

However, due to various types of cultural restrictions which are a part of social traditions in the UAE, this creates demonstrates a low rate of female entrepreneurship with only 3 out of 10 entrepreneurial businesses being started by a woman [2], [3]. These restrictions come in the form of:Women needing permission from a male to start a business,insufficient support from the government, Lack of collaboration with other women.

In this research what will be analyzed are the inherent difficulties experienced by female entrepreneurs within the U.AE from 10 year back to now. It is expected that through the various facts and arguments presented in this research, a clearer picture can be developed regarding what difficulties female entrepreneurs experience within the UAE and what processes have been put in place by the government in order to address such issues.

It is expected that through proper investigation and analysis, this research will create effective suggestions as to how female entrepreneurs within the region can best respond to the financial opportunities and challenges they are currently experiencing.

Problem Definition

Ten years ago, female entrepreneurs within the UAE suffered from a string of limiting factors that prevented their expansive growth. This came in the form of traditional cultural practices, insufficient government support and lack of proper access to financial institutions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since these factors were in place ten years ago, this research will thus seek to determine whether these problems continue to exist at the present, how female entrepreneurs view such problems and what solutions may be needed in order to effectively address them.

It is based on this discovery that in the following section an investigation will be conducted regarding the current perception of female entrepreneurs involving the problems they face and what possible means of addressing them could be developed. The fact remains that the current policy system within the region suffers from significant gender specific biases.

This creates barriers towards the creation of a better business environment for female entrepreneurs. What is necessary is the development of better policy initiatives in not only removing gender barriers in entrepreneurial activity but also in developing the necessary networks for female entrepreneurs to thrive.

Another necessary examination is to elaborate on the current status of female entrepreneurial funding within the country and how this has affected the success/ failure rates of entrepreneurs. Another question that must be explored into is whether all the recent programs aimed at creating better conditions for female entrepreneurs have been effective or have things remained the same despite their implementation?

The end result of such an analysis is to understand what methods of female entrepreneurial funding would the entrepreneurs like to see implemented so as to create a better business environment that is more conducive towards entrepreneurial activity.

The question of the research is: What are the key obstacles that women entrepreneurs in the UAE believe they faced 10 years ago, and still stands now?

Women entrepreneurs in the UAE face a lot of challenges [3]. Studies indicate that despite the rapid growth of women entrepreneurs in both developed and developing countries as the UAE. The issue of gender equality, particularly within the UAE cultural context, stands not efficiently resolved [4], [5], [6]. Entrepreneurship plays a significant role in boosting economic growth.

We will write a custom Report on Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The UAE happens to be among the country that shows impressive progress in economic growth, through encouraging entrepreneurship projects. Most of the women entrepreneurs in the United Arab Emirates participate in small-scale businesses, and hence receive socially little support [7]. However, women in the UAE go through lots of challenges running their own businesses [5], [6].

There are several factors against women entrepreneurship in this region. These include cultural factors, religion restriction, opportunity recognition, work-family balance, motivation, gender discrimination, financial support, and performance among others [6].

Recognizing opportunities is a bit hard for the Emirates women, considering that gender differences are linked to the varying variables of human capital. The differences primarily revolve around work experiences and education. In the UAE, men receive more advantagesd than women, considering that their experience in entrepreneurship experience and management of employees is a bit higher.

Researchers indicate that women have less human capital to invest in businesses compared to men [8], [9], [10]. This makes it hard for women to identify opportunities and utilize their potential skills, experience, and power.

The restricted structure in labor markets of the UAE, demotivate women entrepreneurs on grounds of gender inequality. The cultural and religious factors to some extend play a significant role in denying women right to own businesses without the support of their male partners.

On the contrary, the women’s entrepreneurship experience in other countries such as Jordan and Kuwait is quite different. The recognition of women’s entrepreneurship’s contribution to economic growth is higher in these Arab countries compared to that of UAE. For instance, the Kuwait Economic Society implements projects that empower women.

These projects enhance trade and investment [11], [12]. They also focus on creating a business environment that supports women entrepreneurship. For instance, an already established KES program in Kuwait provides women with opportunities such as training, sharing of experience, business networking, and growth among others.

In Jordan, there are numerous funded projects that create awareness of issues surrounding business environments. Here, women receive training concerning entrepreneur issues such as performance and decision making processes [12]. This promotes their entrepreneur projects. Jordan and Kuwait also strengthen legal awareness of issues surrounding women entrepreneurs.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This increases the depth of their skills, techniques and offer capital to women for starting new businesses. This all in the long run contributes a lot to the economic growth of the country [14]. For instance, Saudi Arabia offers them 3,000 Saudi Riyals every month to start new businesses [15].

There are several measures that should be put in place to help women entrepreneurs in UAE to overcome challenges in businesses. These include education, training, and support of the UAE governmental funds among others [15]. The UAE should copy some practices from countries like Kuwait, Jordan KSA, and other developed Arab countries, which encourage women entrepreneurship [16], [17].

These countries understand the importance of women entrepreneurs in economic growth, and employs strategies that influence them to become entrepreneurs. However it cannot be denied is clear that the UAE has made a progress in addressing issues associated with the Emiratis women.

For instance, the Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum Foundation in collaboration with the American University of Beirut came up with a plan supporting women innovation and entrepreneurship in 2008.

New programs have also been introduced in the country enabling the emergence of many partnerships of women entrepreneurs and large corporations. In 2009, the chamber of commerce and industry registered more than 4,160 women as members [18].

Motivation and Relevance to Masdar/UAE

Since Masdar City is a clean, green and sustainable city, this atmosphere requires innovational yet responsible business ideas. The UAE Women entrepreneurs could try translating, their creative business ideas to sustainable technologies, producing useful products, providing environmentally friendly services or maybe help with creating new jobs in Masdar.

Objectives

The primary objective of this paper is to compare the situation of female entrepreneurs within the UAE 10 years ago with their current situation in 2013. Through this analysis, this research will be able to show whether sufficiently positive developments have been enacted that would be conducive towards developing a better environment to encourage female entrepreneurship within the UAE or not.

In this research what will be examined is the current state of SME’s within the UAE and the situation of female entrepreneurs in 2014 as compared to how they were ten years ago. This paper will be able to determine whether sufficiently positive changes have been implemented resulting in a better overall situation for the growth of female entrepreneurship within the UAE.

Through this section, a greater understanding will be developed regarding the various factors that restricted the growth of female entrepreneurship within the region and if such factors continue to take a dominating role in gender based entrepreneurial growth.

So far, what this section has shown is that the problems female entrepreneurs currently face within the country come in the form of traditional cultural practices, insufficient government support and lack of proper access to financial institutions.

When comparing the data from the article “Small Enterprises: Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE” by Hans Christian Haan with current academic articles examining the state of female entrepreneurship within the country, it was shown that the issues have remained roughly unchanged from the time that the Haan article was written.

It is based on this that the primary objective of this paper is to expound on such issues and determine how they can be resolved.

In conclusion the main objective of this research would be to attempt a 10-year review of Haan’s study results to see whether the same conclusions apply today – after many innovational attempts nationwide were formed or not. What factors faced women in the past get improved, and which still stand and needs further investigation, action or regulation.

Some ways to inspire and assist woman entrepreneurs in the UAE would be:

Empowering UAE’s woman entrepreneurs to seek collaborations with educational and research institutes that promote development of novel innovative and practical business ideas.

Educating enterprising entrepreneurs on development and creation of creative innovations that have high chances of legalization, with potentially big impacts on the economy where ready market is available.

Empowering woman entrepreneurs with knowledge of identifying the processes and procedures those innovative ideas must pass through in order to be socially accepted as viable and worth investing in.

Educating entrepreneurs on ways of getting government funding and reaching out to non-governmental organizations to fund their innovations and noble ideas; entrepreneurs fail to venture into markets due to inadequacy or complete lack of funds and under-informed on available sources of funds.

Literature Review

Entrepreneurs in the developed countries (USA, Sweden and Finland)

Although government policies, infrastructure and large markets provide vast investment opportunities in developed countries, young entrepreneurs continue to face challenges [8]. [15] Point out that the decline in economic growth has resulted in decline in entrepreneurship opportunities and constant increase in business’ start-up costs.

Young entrepreneur’s sale their ideas to capital ventures and find themselves exploited as capital ventures benefit and leave them with nothing [19]. Other scholars argue that the content of entrepreneurship in the local education especially in Finland is so wide; the methods of teaching entrepreneurship in schools are poor and the goals of the entrepreneurial education conflict with the local business environment [7], [18], [19].

According to MoniaLougui, young entrepreneurs in Sweden and in the developed countries face entry barriers; these are obstacles that promote existing firms to make constructive economic proceeds while making it difficult for new firms to make impacts in the market. They also face financial barriers and cultural and value barriers [17], [20], [21].

Entrepreneurs in Gulf Countries

The Gulf region has attracted a lot of attention in the recent past due to its rapidly growing economy, especially Abu Dhabi and Dubai. Researchers suggest that the main obstacles facing young entrepreneurs in the Arab world is having access to capital [21], [22], [23].

Saifur Rahman [24] further says that despite Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) contributing greater percentages in national GDP, they are highly neglected and Lending for SMEs in the Gulf Coast Countries is very low and access to finance is the Greatest Challenge.

Khalid Al Ameri argues that that the Middle East education system has not shifted to meet the needs of the current technology and young entrepreneurs may not have enough knowledge about the business environment [23], [25].

HanifaItani, Yusuf M. Sidani and ImadBaalbaki [17] support Khalid Al Ameri saying that insufficient managerial and financial information and lack of government support are major obstacles to UAE SMEs and entrepreneurs. Bruhn et al point out that lacks of managerial capital is the key restriction for young entrepreneurs in most developing countries [26], [27], [28].

Entrepreneurship Development in the UAE

The main measures of entrepreneurship skills are scores on motivation, personal attitude and aptitude. Action planning in entrepreneurship is of importance to create solution oriented task and strategy implementation function for quantifying task orientation levels [30], [31], [32].

Thus, a budding entrepreneur must possess task orientation leadership skills at an individual task management level in reviewing actual and expected outcome of any business opportunity [33], [34], [35].

With the number of entrepreneurs supplying or dealing with similar products and services on the rise, it is imperative for entrepreneurs or businesspersons in UAE to understand factors influencing the consumer purchase decision in order to design the best strategy for meeting consumer demands [32], [37] [36].

Elements of Entrepreneurship Development in UAE

Scholars in the field of economics have approached entrepreneurship from different perspectives with numerous views regarding entrepreneurships and innovation. Peter suggests that entrepreneurship goes in hand with innovation, changes and opportunities for innovation [38].

On the other hand, Steve Blank, a business school professor avers that entrepreneurship is about getting out into the world and doing and not basically researching and writing [24]. These scholars do agree that entrepreneurs face difficulties of finding the right opportunities and the needed innovation, creating competitive brands using strong products and finding the right markets [39].

Rob and Marry postulate that innovation involves doing things differently or doing different thing in order to arrive at large gains in performance at micro and macro level of entrepreneurship [36], [37], [38].

The two authors further recognize that lack of capital and funding is the main obstacle for innovation. Others however contrast with Rob and Marry by associating innovations with the rise of technical inventions such as the computers and steam engines [10], [34].

As opined by Schawbel [35], [36], [37] an excellent entrepreneur should possess transformational leadership skills that identify a range of problematic situations that an individual faces in his or her social environment, and generates multiple alternative solutions to those problems.

Besides, he/she should lay a series of procedures that are necessary to achieve desired results rather than postponing response strategies [38], [39]. The three building blocks of situational management skills include learning intra personal performance, supportive learning environment, concrete learning processes, and practice leadership that reinforces performance [40], [41], [42], [43].

Consumer Behavior in UAE and Entrepreneurship Development

Consumers in UAE exhibit a particular sequence of purchases or proportion of purchases that may be predictive of consumer behaviors such a brand loyalty due to their unique Islamic culture. Consumer behavior can be determined through listening carefully to what the customers say about a product or service.

The focus here is to consumers feeling through assessment of her voice and comments about a product or service [44]. Understanding of consumer behavior facilitates effective entrepreneurship and promotion resources through ensuring that such activities are well planned in order to yield the desired result in the most efficient and effective way possible [45], [46], [47].

Consumer behavior in UAE is not only of great importance to entrepreneurs but also crucial to consumer protection agencies, ethicists, public policy makers and regulators and consumer advocacy groups who protect consumers from any unsafe offerings or decisions by marketers [46].

Understanding consumer behavior in UAE enables entrepreneurs to strategize on the best way to reach out to the clients. It also assists in establishing ways of changing unfavorable consumer behaviors as well as reinforcing positive behavior patterns [48], [49].

Challenges Facing Swedish Entrepreneurs

Rojewski [34] shows that entrepreneurship and small firms play a significant role in economic growth. Entrepreneurship is considered as innovation. It drives people to create their own jobs, and hence improves their living standards [11]. The author identifies the obstacles that entrepreneurs go through, when starting businesses.

Most of the Swedish entrepreneurs, particularly the women, find impediments and challenges when starting businesses [21]. Through the use of a multinomiallogitmodel regression, the author confirms that administrative costs and financial problems are the primary barriers to success of new businesses in Sweden [29].

In addition, the self-employed individuals who invest in manufacturing industries face many obstacles during the early stages of product development. In relation to the Emirates women entrepreneurs, it can be confirmed that women entrepreneurs in most parts of the world, particularly those in the developing world face lots of problems when starting their businesses.

Considering that the link between entrepreneurship and economic growth is positive, countries all over the world should modulate entrepreneurship. The UAE, for instance, needs to call off the cultural and religious barriers that restrict women from starting their own businesses.

Economic growth enhances high living standards, and hence improves the lives of women who would have otherwise been left to depend on their husband for everything [30].

Factors Undermining Entrepreneurship Development in UAE

The detrimental of insourcing to entrepreneurship attitude in UAE is often negative. The outsourcing UAE government has lost considerable taxes when only the foreign entrepreneurs carry out insourcing services. The outsourcing government cannot claim revenue on taxation because this benefit ends up with the foreign country that insources [51].

In addition, there is great concern regarding the rate of unemployment of local countries that outsourcing some activities to the insourcing countries. The situation became even more critical when developed countries compose the insourcing team as is the case in UAE. As a result, the rate of entrepreneurship development in UAE has been slow [51].

UAE has a reputation of setting high legal expectations of a business which is a repellent to internal and external entrepreneurship investors. Federal law of 1975 no. 5 on commercial registration makes verification of a business difficult since it has to pass many a lot before approval [4], [5].

Federal law drafted in 1992, no. 37 defines the provision of patent and trademark rights in UAE has helped eliminate the chances of fraudulent attempts on a company’s product to ensure that the company is not disadvantaged.

Besides, federal law no. 13 drafted in 2007 defines the legality of import and export business to ensure that entrepreneurs are protected [4], [5]. We could take up this as an assurance of the protection to be offered to their products against illegal dealers though the registration process is very expensive in time and cost.

For the social dimension of the evaluation of the UAE market for entrepreneurship products, it is necessary to tailor such products to suit the acceptable cultural norms. This way, it is necessary for the entrepreneurs who are carrying out the research to evaluate the literacy levels of the UAE people.

Specifically, it is recorded in the World Fact book of the CIA that literacy level by 2003 was at an average of 97% among young generation who are the target of entrepreneurship activities. [50], [51], [52]. This will include the evaluation of the education system and levels. Most importantly is to link the findings to the target market of entrepreneurship products.

By doing this, entrepreneurs in UAE will establish the level of awareness of the people of UAE. Several questions may pop up during this feasibility study. Comprehensively, it would be necessary to establish how conversant the people of UAE are to technological advancements constantly changing a cross the global arena [53], [54], 55].

The answers to this question could be relative as it depends on the country’s technological advancement. Research has it that UAE though very populous, have a high percentage of the literate in its population [56]. UAE has a high number of literate young who would be the target consumers for entrepreneurship products [57]. This is as a viable business opportunity.

Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE

Haan [58] gives a clear explanation concerning the UAE women entrepreneurs, their experiences in the field, and the roles played by public and private agencies in modulating entrepreneurship [59]. The author provides an analysis and a survey of 30 UAE women entrepreneurs.

The survey involves in-depth interviews concerning how they run their businesses, the challenges they face, and the support they get to pursue or continue running their enterprises. The Haan’s article provides a study about two different segments namely, the modern and traditional activities in the UAE women-managed enterprises. The latter is engaged in the most recent economic activities.

In incorporates advanced information and communication technologies and updated practices of businesses [60]. It is in most cases run by young UAE women, educated and business-oriented [57]. On the other hand, the traditional activities segment consists of simple manufacturing and trading [56].

The study in Haan’s article analyses the constraints faced by the UAE women entrepreneurs, and gives suggestions for the most appropriate recommendations. For instance, there is a need to formulate policies and create institutional capacity that promotes women entrepreneurship. There is also a need for pursuing specific support services for segments, as well as the government support and other agencies in the UAE [51].

Entrepreneurship, Emirati perspective

[26], [55] narrate that globalization, technological advances, and innovations among others are instrumental in the transformation of societies in the world [32]. However, there are challenges and opportunities associated with the aforementioned shifts particularly in women entrepreneurship. According to the authors, for the UAE to become a fully transformed entrepreneurial nation, it has to inculcate entrepreneurship at an early stage.

This should include teaching children at their early age about it, incorporating it in the education system, and using awareness platforms to inform, educate and influence people, particularly women, on the need to pursue entrepreneurship [33].

There is also a need to formulate policy insights to give policy makers a direction to assist them formulate efficient policies and programs to support the UAE women entrepreneurs. As mentioned earlier, the UAE has shown an impressive progress in the recent past with regards to social development and economic growth sustainability [38].

For instance, in 2011, the GEM study survey in 54 economies confirmed the UAE as one of the most innovation-driven country in the world. However, the nation needs to continue making immense progress in strengthening entrepreneurship, particularly women entrepreneurship [39].

This will not only help them become creative and create new jobs, but also enable them to empower others to do the same. This will ensure that the future generations of the UAE will be vibrant both in entrepreneurship and in growing the country’s economy [40].

Women business owners in the UAE

In the article “Women business owners in the United Arab Emirates” it is clear that the UAE women entrepreneurs are more educated than those from Jordan, Tunisia, and Kuwait among other countries [37].

According to the survey conducted in UAE, more than 89% of women entrepreneurs have an optimistic outlook towards their businesses and the country’s economy at large [38] [39], [40].

More than 73% of the women surveyed focused on growth and expansion, but needed financial opportunities. Only 8% felt that running a business was disadvantageous for them. This confirms that most of them love managing their own businesses compared to those from other Arab nations [39].

Female business students in the Middle East

Hossan, Parakandi, and Saber suggest that there are several barriers that restrict female students in the Middle East from pursuing entrepreneurship interests [23]. The authors analyze the strengths/opportunities, weaknesses/issues and challenges that these students get exposed to in the country.

From their research, it is evident that despite having potential to start ventures, these students lack enough knowledge about the organizations that support ventures [68]. Prior work experience and different entrepreneurship barriers, which are based on gender discrimination, deny women opportunities to participate in business ventures [23].

Current Attitudes Regarding Business Financing

Based on the article “Small Enterprises: Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE” by Hans Christian Haan, it was noted that women within the UAE rely on their own personal savings as their primary method of creating startup capital [4]. This is an incredibly laborious and time consuming process which would of course slow down the process of entrepreneurial activity within any country that utilizes such a system [5].

Such a situation is in stark contrast to the way in which the entrepreneurial sector in other countries such as China, the U.S., the UK and even in certain sectors in the Middle East work since it is often seen that investing in entrepreneurs creates numerous beneficial actions, such as a: A better local economy, gGreater amount of bank deposits and hHelping out what could potentially develop into a larger enterprise [13].

Banks generally think of entrepreneurs as “safe bets” when it comes to loans due to the attitude of entrepreneurs in paying back what they owe even if a particular business did not turn out as successful as expected [4].

Thus, startup capital in such situations often comes about through bank loans resulting in a far quicker level of business creation. After conducting an analysis of the Erogul (2011) article which examined the current situation of women entrepreneurs within the UAE, it was revealed that female entrepreneurs still continue to rely on their own slowly accumulated capital as compared to merely taking out a bank loan [3].

This shows that from 2004 till the present, there has been little change in the cultural attitude regarding entrepreneurial financing among women [8]. One of the potential reasons behind such a state of affairs has been connected to the currently arduous process of taking out a loan within a bank wherein a male sponsor is needed in order to sign and guarantee all aspects of the loan [13].

Since female entrepreneurs have to rely on a sponsor who may not always be there, this further impedes the process of business development which actually discourages women from relying on banks as a source of capital 10]. It was seen that in the article “Small Enterprises:

Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE” by Hans Christian Haan that in the case of the UAE, family played a crucial role in the funding and development of small to medium scale business ventures for women wherein more than 25% of local businesses started by female entrepreneurs were a result of family members contributing towards the initial starting capital of the entrepreneur and actively gave advice regarding the proper management of the business [10].

In fact, it was noted by researchers such as Mostafa (2005) that it is the strong interfamily ties within the country’s culture that limits the export market of the UAE. This is due to the development of a business culture where it has become preferable to deal with family members or friends of the family when it comes to joint business ventures and business opportunities.

This in effect severely curtails the ability of a business to expand beyond its current market due to the inherent hesitance in dealing with the unfamiliar [5]. While there is nothing inherently wrong with family based methods of capital financing, studies such as those by Mostafa (2005) stated that it often came with certain conditions related to the types of business that can be gone into by female entrepreneurs [5].

This often entailed clothing, textiles, and manufacturing that were often detailed as the “traditional domain” of female entrepreneurs within the UAE.

This conditional funding through family based methods of capital development can actually be considered a limiting factor in the capacity for female entrepreneurs to establish themselves in new types of business and, as such, can be considered a detrimental feature of the current “entrepreneurial funding” system within the UAE [13].

Analysis of Government Policy Initiatives

An analysis of government policy initiatives that were mentioned in the Haan article showed the presence of gender specific barriers in entrepreneurship wherein male sponsorship, male networking and overall male assistance was required when it came to women entering into any form of entrepreneurial activity.

The problem with the implementation of male sponsorships is that it is not needed in the case of women entrepreneurs since males basically just sign their signatures on a piece of paper [59]. They are not partners in the business nor do they take an active role in it; basically the Haan article shows that men are just there to show that there is a level of biased gender supervision occurring.

Through the work of Madsen (2010), it was revealed that at the present, there have been no government policy initiatives to address such issues with the same policies continuing to exist [60].

Contributing to this problem is the lack of sufficient government funding in the development of female support networks which are there to help women in connecting with each other and developing the necessary relationships to grow and expand their business.

While it may be true that the UAE government states that it actively promotes female entrepreneurship and even gives awards to prominent female entrepreneurs, the fact remains that the current policy system within the region suffers from significant gender specific biases. This creates barriers towards the creation of a better business environment for female entrepreneurs [6].

In a presentation, a number of things have changed over these ten years, yet the issue concerning women in business somehow remains just as unsolved as it used to be, mostly because the basic initiatives still revolve around introducing agencies that will help regulate the issue within the market.

However, certain changes are definitely worth being mentioned. While the issue regarding women in the UAE business still leaves much to be desired, considerable concessions have been made over the past decade.

To start with, the formation of the Khalifa Fund can be considered the stepping stone of female empowerment in business in the UAE. Khalifa Fund was created in 2007 in Abu Dhabi, UAE. The fund was originally intended to help SMEs and encourage the development of small businesses across the country.

Offering to invest in new and promising industrial and service sectors within the Abu Dhabi area, the fund allowed for small business growth. Funded by the government, the organization reflects the attempts of the latter to change the UAE business landscape. In 2012, the organization announced its determination to invest in microbusinesses [61], [62], [63], [64].

In fact, the given organization can be considered by far the most supportive and efficient of all; being one-of-a-kind project, it provides “venture capital, training, development, data and consulting services, and even marketing support” [3], which is very impressive.

However, financial assistance does not have a tangible impact on the Emirati society and its concept of women in business: “However, unlike other countries, there is a lack of support targeting female entrepreneurs in UAE” [4].

Recently, the organization has been paying special attention to women in business. In 2013, nearly 30% of $14 m was provided to allow for more options for UAE women in SME. At present, the Khalifa Fund is tackling the issue quite efficiently.

However, there is still a long way for the Khalifa Fund to go in order to provide UAE women with the same options as men have in business.What is necessary is the development of better policy initiatives in not only removing gender barriers in entrepreneurial activity, but also in developing the necessary networks for female entrepreneurs to thrive [65], [66], [67], [68].

Research Plan Methodology

The methodology that will be utilized within this particular research will be, a serial of questions sent to a variety of female entrepreneurs within the UAE. In order to determine the various difficulties they experience on a daily basis when it comes to entrepreneurial activities. To achieve statistical significance results and conclusions, we chose the initial number of surveys distributed to be 200 with the goal of obtaining 100 useful responses.

Survey

In wWomen business owners in the United Arab Emirates, 2007 paper, a44 survey questions were analyzeds in their study [21]. Haan conducted a survey of 30 questions in his UAE women entrepreneurs’ paper [13]. In this research a similar set of questions will be incorporatedin the survey.

To provide solid and statistically useful data, around 200 candidates will be asked to answer these questions. Then an analysis of the results obtained in this step will be made. This all will help us perform a sampling campaign for candidates of the next step.

Personal Interviews

Thenwe will narrow down the number of candidates, to a reasonable number of candidates from UAE women business owners, to conduct personal interviews with them in order to obtain qualitative assessments of the factors explored in the survey. We will be choosing candidates who follow a certain pattern, to better measure the problem in hand.

The candidates will be sharing their experiences before and after they started their businesses. For instance they will talk about the challenges, opportunities, and the support they needed to make their businesses a success. Mentioning strategies that helped them succeed as entrepreneurs, despite the constraints that acted as barriers. Again all information gathered will be analyzed for the in depth interviews.

In Depth Interviews

This will be the last step on the methodology, and the number of candidates will get even smaller than step 2, because the questions in this stage will get more specific and detailed and more personal. All information that will be obtained via any method of the data gathering will be kept strictly confidential.. Their feedback would give a huge impact on the recommendation section of this research.

The Gantt chart demonstrates the monthly milestones of the research for spring semester.

Gantt Chart

Spring Plan Jan 2014 Feb 2014 Mar 2014 Apr 2014 May 2014 Gathering Information Review literature

Conduct surveys

Conduct interviews

In Depth Interviews

Integrating findings Analyzing Results

Giving Conclusions

Giving Recommendations

Thesis Defense Thesis Writing References Y. Itani, S. Yusuf, and I. Baalbaki. “United Arab Emirates Female Entrepreneurs: Motivations and Frustrations.” Equality, Diversity

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