Introduction Ever time immemorial, man has enslaved his fellow man due to the feelings of being superior or more important than the other. All this time what varied were conditions of servitude or slavery. Throughout history, inequality has existed: it was employed by the ancient Mesopotamian, Indian, and Chinese civilizations, in classical Greece and Rome, and in pre- Colombian America by the native Aztec, Inca, and Mayan empires even in the bible it is quoted with the slavery of Israelites in Egypt, (Friedman, 2008).
The United States of America for a long period was characterized by racism and favoritism among people of different skin colors who lived in that country. In fact it was just in the 19th and the early 20th centuries which marked increased efforts among the Americans of all states and walks by trying to apply all strategies that could end slavery and secure legal equality across all Americans regardless of their color, gender or race.
Among the most oppressed and discriminated races in America were the Americans of African origin in most of places they were seen as servant by the whites and most of them used to work in the plantations of white Americans. The process of achieving or attaining equal civil rights among the African-Americans has been slow but there have been quite a number of gains that have been achieved in the struggle against oppression (Friedman, 2008).
The process for fighting for equal rights among the African-Americans was a long (bearing in mind their originality was associated with slavery) one and they had to undergo many problems before they could be recognized as equal citizens by the other Americans. To succeed in achieving equal rights among the African-Americans and other citizens, the African-Americans used different strategies which were organized and managed through the African-American movement rights.
These movements gained fame and are most of the time recognized for their efforts in the period between 1950-1970 which led to recognition of African-American citizens as equal citizens enjoying the same rights and privileges just like the other citizens. What will follow here below is a summary of the activities which the African American movements engaged in to advance their pleas that there was a need for them to be recognized as equal citizens.
The African American Rights Movements and the events which led to realization of civil rights for the African-American citizens.
African Americans had been facing segregation almost in every sector whether in the voting rights, education, and transport system among other places. As the fight for equal opportunities in the education system continued, it was not until 1954, in a case between Brown and Board of Education, in Topeka Kansas, that the Supreme Court made a land marking ruling against the education system. During the earlier years, black students were never allowed to mix or could not be enrolled in the same class with white students.
In its ruling, the Supreme Court declared segregation of white children and colored citizens unconstitutional and also inhuman since it had a negative upon the children especially because most instances of segregation wanted to prove the African American citizens as inferior when compared to the white Americans. As time progressed, these segregation practices were phased out in the different American stats slowly by slowly (Hinton, 2009).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the following year, 1955, the murder of a black boy by the name of Emmett Till who had been visiting his relatives when he was beaten, shot and dumped by two white for the simple reason that he had whistled to a white lady also led to mass riots and demonstration against segregation in the US. At the funeral of the young boy, the mother decided to keep the coffin open for the people who had attended the funeral to view displaying the torture and the beatings her son had gone through in the hand of the brutal murders before he died (Aretha, 2007).
As a result, these sparked protests as people who had attended the funeral saw the corpse and the anguish which the boy had gone through before his death; the matter was made worse when the young boy’s photo was published in the newspapers.
His killers had been arrested after the boy was murdered but a month later, they were acquitted of the killings by a jury which was composed of whites only. After their release, the two men went further and declared they were indeed guilty but since they could not be rearrested and charged afresh as it would be double jeopardy, the men survived and the African-Americans went on suffering and being discriminated by a white dominated country.
In the same year but in another State, the boycott of the city buses in Montgomery and Alabama is another event which contributed to the recognition of African-American citizens as equal citizens.
The boycott of the city buses in Montgomery was a political social protest which started in the year 1955 in Montgomery which the African-Americans intended to use as a sign of their opposition to the racial discrimination and segregation which had been going on for quite a long period in the transport system. Among the recognized leaders which this movement had was Martin Luther.
The protests which took place for some months almost crippled the transport system of the Alabama State, since the blacks who were protesting against the racial segregation rules formed the bulk of the customers who used the Montgomery transport system. The boycotting process was ignited by a racial segregation case where in that state, African -Americans were expected to wake up from their seats whenever a white person entered the vehicle.
On the fateful day of December 1955 an African-American woman was arrested by the authorities after she refused to surrender her seat to a white person. This led to mass boycotts of the transport system for over a whole year until December 1956 when the Supreme Court declared that the Alabama and the Montgomery laws were discriminatory and based on social segregation and they had to be abandoned for the African-Americans to enjoy life like fellow Americans.
We will write a custom Research Paper on African American Rights specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After the ruling of the case between Brown and the Board of Education, people started shifting from addressing their grievances through the court systems and instead, they turned to direct action which included mass action, bus boycotts as we have seen above, and all the tactics which were available to mobilize people and urge them to hold non violent mass actions as well as disobey any existing civil rules which were discriminatory against them.
In the 10 years which followed (1955-1965), some Southern States attempted to outlaw these movements. For example in Alabama, the NAACP was banned from its boundaries until the authorities could get a list of all those people who were members of the movement. Religious movements were not also left behind in mobilizing their followers in fighting for equal rights. The used the bible teachings to fight against equality and racial desegregation. Their followers were really energetic and believed on the course.
The leaders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) movement, Parks and Nixon convinced Martin Luther to lead the bus boycott at Montgomery. As a result of the boycott, the Montgomery Improvement Association was born to keep the boycotts within the state ongoing.
The success of these boycotts made Martin Luther a national figure and his efforts led to other boycotts such as the Tallahassee boycott in Florida during the year 1956-1957. As a result of success in the boycotts, the different leaders joined and formed the Southern Christian leadership Conference (SCLC) in the year 1957.
Rather than put efforts on creating network of chapters as NAACP had done, the SCLC looked for funds which could assist in fighting racial segregation through education and the enlightening the African-American citizens. They fought for the African-American rights through non violence means and due to this, it was even bashed by some university students as not being aggressive as it was expected.
Later in the year, the movement then joined hands with the Highland Research and Education Center and introduced citizenship schools whose main intention was to educate the African Americans as a result giving them power and the ability to pass the voters eligibility tests a feat which achieved much success with the number of African-American voters increasing gradually.
Fighting for African-Americans rights continued with movements airing their grievances day by day. Sometimes the movements faced many challenges as it was experienced in the case of the Albany movement of 1961. The desegregation campaign of 1961 did not succeed majorly due to the tactics in which the police used at that time. The movement was contained as a result of the police contacting every prison facility which was within 60 miles from Albany.
Most of the demonstrators were arrested and instead of being taken to cells where they could be presented in a court of law, they were taken to the jails in the day. The police had arrested Martin Luther along with the other demonstrators but due to the problems his arrest could spark, Luther was later released. Martin Luther left the movement in 1962 without achieving much from the movement but the movement continued with its activities and it achieved a lot in the years that followed (Eskew, 1997).
Not sure if you can write a paper on African American Rights by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More After the Albany movement proved to be a difficult mission and with the departure of Martin Luther, several other movements emerged and learning from the mistakes of the Alabama movement, rather than desiring to change the whole system movements which targeted specific structures within the law sprung up.
In response to the negative response of the Birmingham mayor who had lost an election to a less known segregationist candidate but refused to accept the defeat, the Birmingham Movement came along with the advocating for voting rights.
The movement was did not perform as expected and it did not have the power which the previous movements had shown due to the fact most people were afraid in risking their lives to jail as was the order of the day if they joined in peaceful mass action whether peaceful or violent (Rubin, Rudnick
Tsunami’s Causes Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
How Earthquake will generate tsunami
Introduction Tsunamis are series of the ocean waves with very long wavelengths, hundreds of kilometers away, being brought about by various processes like sub marines, landslides, glacier calving, volcanic eruptions, meteorite impacts but greatly by earthquakes. It is formed in the ocean and big lakes.
Tsunami originated from the Japanese words ‘tsu’ meaning ‘harbor’ and ‘nami’ meaning ‘wave’ to make a ‘harbor wave’. Tsunamis have in the past and present brought catastrophic devastation to property and human death like in North East of Japan, on March 11, 2011. We shall dwell on the Shifts in the Tectonic plates as the reasoning behind the Tsunamis, but we have to understand the concept involved in the movement of the plate tectonics then how the earthquake will be generated to result into tsunami.
Plate Tectonics These are movements of the lithospheric plates. Tectonics is movement and deformation of the crust, which integrate the ancient theory of continental drift. Plates are the “lithospheric plates which are about 100 kilometers or more” (Earth Quake Museum, 2011, p. 1). Plate tectonics mostly produces earthquake.
It should be noted that, “the earth crust consist of plates sections that float on the molten rock of the mantle” (Earth Quake Museum, 2011, p. 1). The movement of the plates is due to the conventional current. Conventional current is brought about by relationship between the densities of the fluid to its temperature. We can say that convectional current is the flow that transfers heat within a fluid by setting in motion by the heating and cooling of the fluid which changes in its density and continues as long as it heats.
The magma containing material at very high temperatures “rises and spreads on the surfaces creating a new crust which spreads out forming a new plate, until it meets other plates” (Earth Quake Museum, 2011, p. 1). After such a mechanism, “then one of the plates will pushed down into the inferior of the earth and reabsorbed in the mantle; plates can also compress to push up the mountains when they collide or move sideways along the transform faults” (Earth Quake Museum, 2011, p. 1).
The process of plates’ movements is a bit detailed as explained by the Geography site below:
One of the most famous examples of plates sliding past each other is the San Andreas Fault in California. Here the two plates, the Pacific plate and the North American plate both move in a roughly in the northwesterly direction, but one is moving faster than the other. The San Francisco area is prone to many small earthquakes every year as the two plates grind against each other. (Geography site, 2006, p. 1)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Plate Boundaries The above diagram shows, “Divergent Boundaries occur at Oceanic Ridges, where new Oceanic lithosphere is formed and moves away from the ridge in opposite directions” (The Earth and Beyond, 2011, p. 1).
Shown above: “convergent Boundaries occur where oceanic lithosphere is pushed back into the mantle, marked by oceanic trenches and subduction zones” (The Earth and Beyond, 2011, p. 1).
Two types are possible –
“When two plates of oceanic lithosphere converge oceanic lithosphere is subducted beneath oceanic lithosphere; when ocean lithosphere runs into a plate with continental lithosphere, the oceanic lithosphere is subducted beneath the continental lithosphere” (The Earth and Beyond, 2011, p. 1).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Tsunami’s Causes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “Transform Boundaries occur where two plates slide past one another horizontally; the San Andreas Fault, in California is a transform fault” (The Earth and Beyond, 2011, p. 1).
“Continental rifting may create a new divergent margin and evolve into an oceanic ridge, such as is occurring in East Africa and between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate” (The Earth and Beyond, 2011, p. 1).
It has been shown that the plates play very significant role in making the earth crust unstable:
Continental lithosphere collide to join two plates together, such as has occurred recently where the Indian Plate has collided with the Eurasian Plate to form the Himalaya Mountains. Plate tectonics explains why earthquakes occur where they do, why volcanoes occur where they do, how mountain ranges form, as well as many other aspects of the Earth. It is such an important theory in understanding how the Earth works. (The Earth and Beyond, 2011, p. 1)
How Earthquake will generate tsunami After fault has been created the earthquake will occur on it due to the massive violent movement as the two plates compress one another or override one another causing heavy pressure on the underlying rock. This causes vibrations or shockwaves to go through ground. As the solid rock plate moves up beneath the sea, “there is a sudden movement within the crust or mantle and concentric shock waves moves out of that point” (Geography site, 2006, p. 1).
The point of origin is referred as the focus, where in a radius of around 250 miles the effect is greatly felt, and the point directly above the surface is called the epicenter (Geography site, 2006).
A Tsunami is formed when “the sea floor abruptly deforms and vertically displaces the overlying water” (Geography site, 2006, p. 1). Earth’s crust deforms from at points below the ocean consequently disturbing the overlying mass of water. The process continues as thus:
Not sure if you can write a paper on Tsunami’s Causes by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The water above is displaced from its equilibrium position. The waves will be as result of the displacement of the water mass, which act under influence of gravity, to regain its equilibrium position. The potential energy that results from the uplifting or pushing of the water above mean level is then transferred to horizontal propagation of tsunami wave which possess the kinetic energy. (Tsunami, 2011, p. 1)
Tsunamis will results when a large sea floor elevate. Within several minute of earthquake, the initial, panel 1, is split into a tsunami that travels out of the deep ocean and another travelling to the nearby coast (Tsunami, 2011).
The tsunami will be greatly affected as it travels through the ocean where the rate at which the wave loses its energy is related to its wavelength. At deep waters the wave will travel at a very high velocity and as it approached the shoe or as the depth decreases the speed of the wave decreases; however the energy of the wave remains constant.
Conclusion From the above study, tsunamis are produced or generated by the plate tectonic beside where the movement of the tectonics due to convectional current due to the heat coming from the earth center. This produces the movement of the plate where one plate moves toward the other and collide resulting in the faults being formed. This movement causes a ground shaking movement resulting into elastic waves travelling through the solid earth where one plate is emerged above the other and this causes an upward movement.
The upward movement causes the water above to be displaced, pushing a large volume of water upwards and the potential energy involved is transformed to horizontal kinetic energy which is massive causing formation of a wave of water which is the tsunami. For the last tsunamis they have occurred through this method.
References Geography site. (2006). What causes an earthquake? Web.
The Earth and beyond. (2011). The earth and beyond, plate tectonics. Web.
The Earthquake Museum. (2011). What causes earthquakes? Web.
Tsunami. (2011). Tsunamis. Web.
Final Analysis of Educational Experiences Research Paper online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Examining the Differences between Private and Public Education
Higher Levels of Education and Minorities
Introduction An examination of the current system of education based on my experiences in the U.S reveals three distinct factors: that there is discrimination even though the system says there isn’t, opportunities for social advancement are only for a select few, and that the system needs to change in order to accommodate a new reality that encompasses minorities as well as immigrants into the country.
If an outsider were to examine the current state of education within various high schools within the country they would notice that students within the same grade level are often separated into different tracks.
This particular process labeled “tracking” is due to the fact that students within a particular grade level often have varying levels of intelligence resulting in some of students with higher intelligence being places in the higher tracks while students with lower grades are often placed in lower tracks. A closer examination of the track system reveals that a large majority of students in the higher level tracks are often composed of Caucasians while students at the lower level tracks are usually composed of minorities.
While various schools may argue that it isn’t discrimination but rather a result of low grades the fact remains that the tracking system is in fact a precursor to discrimination since it propagates the notion that students from various minorities are in fact unintelligent and thus not capable of handling higher level methods of education or work for that matter.
The reason why such disparities exist is due to the fact that Caucasian students are often part of higher income families who are able to provide a far higher level of financial and educational support for their children as compared to children from minorities. In fact I observed that the inherent problem that most minorities faced especially those Latin American or Mexican descent was the language barrier that existed since the language most often spoken at home was not English but Spanish.
Even while I was at school I often noticed that teachers paid more attention to Caucasian students more so than other ethnicities within the school. While it is true that some Caucasian students do in fact outpace various members of the minority this is only due to the fact that barriers to education such as language and socio-economic status exist which actually delays the progress of other students.
In cases that I have observed where minorities were on equal footing with their Caucasian peers, minorities often parralled or even exceeded the capabilities of the Caucasians. It is due to this that I came to the realization that success and intelligence in such a system is often propagated along lines of ethnicity and race.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Examining the Differences between Private and Public Education Over the course of my educational experience I have been fortunate to have been part of both the public and private sectors of this country. This is due to the fact that once I experienced the level of education found in the public sector of the current U.S. system of education I couldn’t help but want to get out and go for a far better and more academically enriching system, this resulted in me entering the public system in one grade then shifting to a more private system in another.
While I was unaware of it at the time the level of education I experienced while I was in the public sector was in fact due to strategies being implemented in various schools around the U.S. which target academic performance as a key indicator of the performance of teachers resulting in either higher or lower budget allotments per school or school district depending on the results of the national exams students are supposed to take which measure their academic competency.
For me such experiences were similar to a form of militarized educational system where students are made to memorize facts, figures and various details regarding subjects they are taking without regard to deeper contemplative thinking.
This results in students rarely understanding how such ideas came about and were formed in the first place. In other words it is a teaching style that does the exact opposite of helping students to question, discover, collaborate and to argue certain points (widely considered by numerous studies as the best method of teaching in order to encourage the development of intellectual thought) but rather inculcates them into a form of thinking that emphasizes mind numbing memorization, rote practice and mechanical precision in answering tests.
In fact this very method of teaching encourages a form of non-reflective acquiescence which practically destroys inquisitiveness towards learning and in fact creates a certain resistance towards the learning process.
For me such a process of education, not limited to a particular grade level but inherent in all of them in the public sector, practically destroyed any and all yearning to actually study and made me detest the system of education that was being implemented.
The reason why I chose to reveal this particular part of my experiences is it relates to my earlier realization regarding success and intelligence being propagated along lines of ethnicity and race. This particular educational trend that if left unchecked will not only contribute to the gap between the rich and the poor within the U.S. but will also result in a form of educational recidivism wherein education will be the new gap further dividing society between lines of class, race and ethnicity.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Final Analysis of Educational Experiences specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More What must be understood is that this educational “reform” mainly affects children within various inner city schools most of which are occupied by economically disadvantaged classes which also happen to be constituted by various minorities and immigrants.
As such, while this educational “reform” targets the performance of schools it neglects to address factors towards the proper education of children since the form of “militarized” educational regimen employed by the teachers in order to cram facts and figures into the minds of students does little to actually improve their academic capacity and in fact creates a distinct level of dislike towards the concept of learning.
My own experiences from various private and semi-private schools that I enrolled in after being part of the public system of education reveals that such a method of militarized education is not utilized since, by their own words, it “restricts the capacity of children to truly explore and understand what they are being taught”.
As I look back on my educational trajectory it reveals that I actually did better and learned more in private institutions rather than in the public system. In fact I actually enjoyed learning from my various teachers within the private school system since they encouraged an exploration of concepts and ideas and helped us to build upon them rather than have us memorize rote facts and figures. The one thing I did notice though while I was undergoing private education was that a majority of my classmates were often Caucasians.
Minorities were a rarity and in fact when I went back to studying in the public system of education I often found myself comparing the various styles utilized and realized that white Caucasians that had similarly transferred to the public system of education often were more advanced as compared to the minorities since not only did their educational experiences in private school systems improve their intelligence but it helped them to better understand concepts that minorities that didn’t receive the same type of education had difficulties grappling with.
For me this was an indication that the system of education within the country definitely had something wrong with it since not only did it seem that minorities had difficulties catching up but the system itself which provides a sub-standard method of education (in my opinion) is actually causing them to remain in their social and economic classes since the gateway to a better life through a proper education is apparently shut to them (Perez, 19).
Higher Levels of Education and Minorities Based on my experience in enrolling in college I can say with certainty that the cost of a college education is increasing within the U.S. yet the ability of the government to provide sufficient loans or the incomes of parents being able to sustain such an expensive method of education is disproportional to the increase in tuition fees with both the government and parents suffering from the rising cost of education.
Studies examining the earnings of high school degree holders with those possessing college degrees often show that having a college degree results in that particular individual belonging to a higher income bracket. The benefits of a college education go beyond mere economic benefits but also extend into the realm of social and cultural distinction with college graduates often finding themselves placed at a higher social caliber compared to mere high school graduates (Perez , 131).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Final Analysis of Educational Experiences by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The inherent problem with the current ideology surrounding higher education is that it has led to the development of a “credential culture”. The basic tenet of such a development is the belief that without proper college credentials a person will wind up with a low paying dead end job.
It is due to this belief that high school graduates who initially cannot pay for their college education due to financial limitations wind up having to rely on student loans, scholarships and financial aid in their attempt to attain a college education. Statistics examining the prevalence of scholarships among the different social classes reveal that on average people belonging to higher social classes are often the ones who are able to attain scholarships.
This means that people who can already afford a college education without relying on scholarships are in fact applying for scholarships due to the level of prestige attached to them. The problem with the current system for scholarships is that they are often given to students with high academic grades however individuals with the highest academic grades within high schools are often students who are part of the social elite and thus have been given every advantage necessary to attain high grades while in school.
This leaves economically disadvantaged students, often minorities, having to resort to financial assistance from the government which is often not enough to pay for their increasing college tuition fees. As a result more students drop out of college in order to obtain jobs or receive low academic scores due to the task of having to both study and earn their college education at the same time.
I have seen this situation all too often from fellow students and other people I know in various colleges and universities. It is due my cumulative experience within the U.S. education system that I can say that the current system of education from grade school, high school and all the way to higher education is geared towards lines of ethnicity and race wherein a person’s ability to attain a particular social status is often dictated by color of one’s skin (Perez, 85).
While it may be true that there are cases where minorities do in fact achieve the so called “American Dream” they represent only a small fraction of a population that is being placed in a disadvantageous situation by a system that is inadequately capable of fully providing them with the tools they need to become a success.
Works Cited Perez, William. We ARE Americans: Undocumented Students Pursuing The American
Dream. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2009. 11 – 131. Print.
Culture Artifact Film “Into the Great Pyramid” Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Evidence of Past and Present Colonialism
The Ancient Egyptian Magical/Religious World View
The early part of the last century has seen contradictory opinions by various Egyptologists on whether Egyptians had entered the Great Pyramids long before the Mohammedan era. These conflicting surveys also linger on whether this entry into the Pyramids was through cunning art or some substantial knowledge of its methods of construction.
The film “Into the Great Pyramids”, answers some of these views including the culture of the people who built the Pyramids and also how they accomplished this phenomenal engineering feat. In this documentary, Egyptologist Zahi Al- Hawass reveals some of the most recent spectacles in archaeological showcasing in Egypt.
The sarcophagus which is one of Egypt’s oldest artifacts is also revealed to the whole world in one piece. The film deciphers the undergoing mythology surrounding the Great Pyramids while also giving some more insights on how the Pyramids were developed. We are therefore going to look at some aspects that come out from the film.
Evidence of Past and Present Colonialism Historical artifacts and its disclosure define the contemporary politics in the field of Egyptology and its affiliation to European colonial powers. For instance, Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt can be seen through the drawings of the ancient tombs and monuments, along with other aspects of Egypt such as the meticulous drawings of mosques, citadel, the Pyramids, and the Sphinx, just to name a few (Wynn 49).
After the British ousted they kept the original Rosetta stone which had tremendous importance to Egypt. Various Hieroglyphs have also been found to be in French, German, and English texts.
The methods used to construction of these Pyramids greatly revolutionized the ancient architecture and so did their cultural way of life. One big finding was in Bahariya Oasis, Giza Governorate where a cosmic necropolis that dated back to the Greek-Roman period was unearthed. This Old Kingdom represented a period when Bahariya was a key wine producing and trading post for the desert caravans subsequent.
These science expeditions and innovations brought by the early European invasion can still be seen through the technological know-how in the daily lives of Egyptians, that has also facilitated some archeological findings. Some of these monumental findings have also being traced in some of these European countries such as the Cleopatra Needles, the obelisks of Alexandria that now stand in London and New York City (Wynn 55).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This historical rivalry for Egypt’s treasure by the Europeans was seen a cultural invasion that penetrated and robbed Egyptians of their own heritage, norm, and statutes which they held at heart. The withholding of some of these monuments by some European countries is seen as present day colonialism.
The Ancient Egyptian Magical/Religious World View Through the discovery of various monuments, drawings, and paintings, the Egyptian culture is seen to have worshipped a variety of gods who were symbolic to their specific needs and signals the unambiguous ways that religion permeated and shaped culture. Figures in painting and sculpture have depicted these gods in both two-and three-dimensional forms. These gods were presumed to have magical powers that could heal or cure any problem according to their positions in the divine hierarchy.
The pre-dynastic period saw divinities taking the forms of animals that engaged in human activities such as conquering enemies. These gods were also presumed to incur curses on those who disturbed their peace or went against their will. This frustrated and stopped the efforts of some local and international treasure hunters who were swayed by this notion brought about by the unnecessary entry to these pyramids.
Both through Judaism and itself, Egypt is also believed to have played a crucial role in the amplification of Christianity. The elaboration of Christian principles may have been through a combination of a strong rejection of Egyptian practices and the growth of theological models originating from Egypt. The Christian faith believes that the pyramids were built courtesy of Israelite slaves who built it over a period of time as accounted for in the Bible.
Also through the fusion of Hebrew, Greek, and Egyptian views, early Egyptian Christianity is believed to have constituted a great influence from Mary and the saints and to the monastic life, to the nature and the adoration images of Jesus. Egypt is therefore seen globally as the cradle and birth of various religions and cultures due to the diversity of people who lived or visited as evidenced through different cultural artifacts which portrays the social life in Egypt (Steward 194-200).
Builders The Great Pyramid is believed to have been built and accredited to Khufu who was the first King of Fourth Dynasty mainly recognized with Enoch, Seth, and Shem by many Christians (Steward 226). Khufu along with his subjects, are believed to have adopted its origin from some foreign race to Egypt which resonates well with the Christian belief that the pyramids were built by Israelite slaves.
However, this belief is rejected by Egyptians who claim that the tombs had names and epitaphs inscribed on them, which indicated that the builders were Egyptian workers who where remunerated for their labors as opposed to the assertion that the Pyramids were built by ancient Israelite slave labor.
We will write a custom Essay on Culture Artifact Film “Into the Great Pyramid” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The film “Into the Great Pyramids” gives more insight to the cultural evidences based on its artifacts and puts rest to some baseless theories. Egypt also has rich history and discoveries which are constantly being unearthed through various technologies. From religion, technology, to the cultural- social life, Egypt is undisputedly the cradle of past and present humanity because it’s the most transversed nation in the world since time in memorial and can also be claimed to be the “mother of all origins”.
Works Cited Steward, Basil. Witness of the Great Pyramid. Whitefish, Montana. Kessinger Publishing, 2003. Print.
Wynn, L. L. Pyramids
The History of Women Activism in America Research Paper a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Changing the Reality: Education and Work
Women into Leadership Positions
Introduction The history of women activism in America was at its peak in the 1950s. This period was considered as the response to lowest point of the modern American feminism. At this period, the women came out strongly to express their concerns regarding the sexuality inequality at workplaces and in workers unions.
The proof of these activisms is still evident in the current persistent voice and influence of women at workplaces. The main fights of the female activism at the workplace was to remove unequal salary rates, discrimination of the seniority based on gender, classifying occupation based on sexual orientation.
Thesis During the period between 1950 and 1960, American female activism changed the American society. The American feminist movement was able to raise public awareness concerning the problem of women discrimination and consequently improve the position of women in terms of career opportunities and employment terms.
Changing the Reality: Education and Work In the 1950s, the US experienced a great change in the role of women from the traditional notion that women were not as predictable and reliable as men (Kessler-Harris, 2003, p. 76). This caused a social tension with domestic ideals for the women were conflicting with the inalienable rights principle.
The changing trend of the working women after the Second World War and naïve notion that women would go back to the traditional role of taking care of the home while men go to work evoked an atmosphere of unsettled and repeatedly unnamed discord. This social tension concerning the place of the female gender became a very crucial phenomenon in the US history as it resulted in greater social reform of the 1960s and 1970s.
The most crucial argument concerns education and work experience for women and men. In the Modern Woman: The Lost Sex article written by Farnham and Lundburg, a number of factors are identified which lead to the rise of masculine dominance in the society.
In the same line, Marynia Farnham and Ferdinand Lundburg noted that the level of a woman’s education and her work experience resulted in conflict of the mutually exclusive spheres and this interaction of the gender roles undermines the women’s commitment to the home as they struggle unsuccessful to pursue roles dominated by men (Kessler-Harris, 2003, p. 76).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Farnham and Lundburg purport that the women’s inability to belong to either of the spheres of work and homemaker resulted in dissatisfaction for themselves as well as their husbands (Friedan, 2001, p. 63). This means that women have to slice the glorious roles home making and children caring and then suppress their aspiration and endeavor of becoming a wage earner or professionals (Kessler-Harris, 2003, p. 79).
This argument put blameworthiness on the women’s’ dissatisfaction and their defiance of the traditionally prescribed feminine role. This is however incongruous with the modern world. Notion of happiness though it was dominant in the 1940s.
The women’s liberation movement emerged as a reaction to these prevailing conditions in 1950 and 1960 that pushed women to the limits of having to aggressively struggle for a position in the society. Women did not want to be looked at as just belonging in the home to function as fulltime housewives, to rear children and maintain the house for their husbands and children (Jacquelyn, 2005, p. 1235).
However, the society looked at a working and married woman as having put her personal selfish interest ahead of those of the family. Women were supposed to be subordinate to the men and constantly being reminded that their role was to obey (Akkerman
Six characters in search of an author Essay scholarship essay help
To induce a change in the way in which the audience and the performers in realist plays view their own lives, Luigi Pirandello in his play “Six Characters in search of an author” intentionally goes against the dictates set in place by the realists in the manner he creates the story in the play.
Being a member of the Theatricalists who disapproved the ideas of realists, Luigi intentionally alters the plot structure, the portrayal of the characters, the thematic development, the language as well as the portrayal of spectacle with the intention of restoring the defining tools of drama that the introduction of realism in theater had taken away.
The plot structure is a complex one with breaks in between attracting criticism as a result from many people who declare it so messy to an extent that the audience strain to follow the story. This is intentional in that the playwright wants the audience not to reflect the story and simply sympathize with the actors situations but to perceive them as representing their own situations and their worldview.
This aims at breaking the barrier between them and the performance on the stage. There are irrational breaks and bare stage sections that are intentional in the plot. The author creates this to give time to the members of the audience to reflect about the action that they have just witnessed in the previous act.
The fact that the six characters enter and hijack the process is evidence that the audience who expected the actors to perform the play they are rehearsing are left wondering whether they are indeed watching a play or a piece of reality. There is the aspect of a play inside a play, which works at making the performance really look genuine and consequently making the audience identify with the happenings, which they deem to be reflecting their worldview.
In his portrayal of the characters in the play, Luigi succeeds in the effort to create direct interaction with the audience where he substitutes the actors with the characters occasionally. This makes the audience realize that they are watching a real happening that the actors would have otherwise distorted, as revealed when the actors get the chance to act the story of the characters and instead struggle in vain.
The actors in the play become mere spectators and their interaction with the characters brings a new dimension into the purpose of theater. This is whereby theater ought to impact on the minds of the audience making them to think about their conditions rather than creating catharsis. Since the audience relates more on the happenings of the story performed by the characters than the actors do, they tend to think of the story more as they relate it to reality than when the actors perform it.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the presentation of the spectacle, Luigi Pirandello reveals the conflicts existing in the theater. These are the conflicts between the characters, the actors, the director and the missing author.
There are so many things brought up in this play that reflect the aspects of daily life and in fact communicate with the audience including the rehearsals that are left hanging, the sketchy characters as well as the set that seem hastily assembled. These are what the manager calls ‘a glorious failure’ (Pirandello I.i.32). By doing this, the play dismantles the dictates set by the ‘well made play’ with the purpose of invoking criticism of the spectacle from the audience.
The language as revealed in the dialogue in the play reveals the conflict in the society. The author depicts the claim using the symbol of the theater whereby the conflict is allegorical of the theater. The continuous conflict between the characters, the actors and the director reveal the turmoil that exists in the theatre.
For instance the man says “Oh, if you would only go away, go away and leave us alone—mother here with that son of hers—I with that Child—that Boy there always alone—and then I alone, alone in those shadows!” (Pirandello I.ii.22) This introduces the notion that despite the fact that most things seem to be in tranquility, there is always an underlying conflict. This makes the audience of the play to reflect more on the implications of the story to their own lives.
Doubt: A Parable by John Patrick Shanley To direct attention to the acts of immorality that continuously damage the image of the Catholic Church, Patrick Shanley in his play introduces a new way of looking into the happenings concealed beneath the seemingly serene image of the church. “Doubt: A Parable” invites the audience into seeking the truth that is concealed from them as they sympathize with sister Aloysius.
Sister Aloysius is the protagonist in this play who seeks to uncover the evils committed by the new priest Fr. Flynn. Sister Aloysius is confident that Fr. Flynn is guilty of the offences she uses to accuse him.
Through the conflict between sister Aloysius and Fr. Flynn, the play uncovers an interesting secret whereby rather than receiving support to end the evil, sister Aloysius is shocked when Fr. Flynn is instead transferred to another parish. Whether he is guilty or not remains a matter of contemplation in the minds of sister Aloysius as well as the audience.
We will write a custom Essay on Six characters in search of an author specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The charges that sister Aloysius hold against the priest is that he has taken advantage of a young boy in eighth grade and abused him sexually. Sister Aloysius is constantly seeking evidence to implicate the priest. She even associates minor details of his nature to the possibility of having committed the said charges. Fr. Flynn is a charismatic priest who is new to the parish and who is fond of using parables in his preaching. He in fact preaches about the importance of uncertainty.
He says “Doubt can be a bond as powerful and sustaining as certainty,”(Shanley I.i.12) Sister Aloysius goes to the extent of lying to Fr. Flynn that she called his previous parish and that she is aware of the real reason that transpired to his being moved to the new parish. This claim does the thing since after hearing this Fr. Flynn calls the Bishop and asks for reassignment to another parish, which happens immediately.
Sister Aloysius confides to Sister James who is Donald Muller’s class teacher that she is doubtful. She says ‘”I have doubts… I have such doubts!”(Shanley II.i.22) It therefore remains to be doubtful whether it is the lie or the fear that he was about to be uncovered that made him to seek the reassignment.
Considering the context when the play was being written, Patrick Shanley intended this play to trigger discussions about the extent to which the Catholic Church was facing criticism for its relenting efforts in the fight against sexual evils such adultery and sexual harassment. It is through the events of the play that Shanley creates the realization to the public that there might actually be another side of the story.
Works Cited Shanley, John. Doubt: A Parable. New York: Theatre Communications, 2005.
Pirandello, Luigi. Six Characters in Search of an Author. London: Nick Hern Books, 2003.
Regional Integration: France and the EU Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The Benefits of Regional Integration European Union (EU) is one of the integration bloc found in France. EU is a profitable and political union with many states in Europe. EU has developed a single market with rules and regulations that govern all the member states.
According to Gibb and Michalak (2000), the EU in France has developed a single market that allows free movement of goods, services, people, and capital, where it maintains common policies on trade. Traders and firms are able to move to other countries for trade. EU is also represented by the United Nations – other countries in the EU in Europe include Italy and Belgium.
In France, the regional integration between the country and others has benefited the traders, especially in agriculture sector because there is increase in production and high quality of life for farmers. They have provided stable markets and affordable prices because of price controls for consumers.
Trade between France and other countries in Europe that are in the regional trade agreement has improved education. EU has supported programmes such as the Erasmus programme, a university syllabus which started in 1980’s. This programme has supported many university students. They encourage knowledge and learning in education in other countries while offering equal degrees with the same standards.
The EU in Europe has promoted use and knowledge of many languages. When France citizens trade in other countries, they are able to engage in other languages other than their mother tongue. Different cultures have been integrated that allows movement of workers within these European countries which are members of the European Union.
Therefore, as a member of EU, France has a wider selection of goods and services from different nations at lower tariffs. According to Bliss (2004), integrations allow small economies to collect their resources and enables local firms to get into larger markets. This has increased the economic growth in France and has brought additional trade, improved quality of goods, and more imports and exports. Integration has also made good international relations because of the integrated market while also promoting good channels of communication.
The Negative Aspects of Regional Integration Although regional integration’s aim is to improve the economic status of the countries in the EU union, not all the participants achieve the same benefits. Problems arise especially when determining whether participants have equal say according to the set policies. Some of the states appear to be more powerful than others.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Barnard (2007) argues that economic disruptions in some of the countries cause unequal distribution of resources with some states becoming the net recipients and others becoming the net lenders. Some of the countries may not benefit because more focus is on the affected countries. France and other big states often complain about the smaller states claiming that they do not give same share of the European Union. Also smaller states have complained that they are ignored because of their economic status.
Additionally, workers within the integration bloc face lower pays from their employers who threaten to export jobs. Companies in those integrated regions can loose their competitive advantage, especially when companies build better factories in lower-rated countries, making them as productive as those at their home country. When political crises arise, it is hard for the managing board to resolve those conflicts and this also includes immigration management and crossing of the borders.
Furthermore, regional integration is deemed to weaken the sovereignty of a country. This is because when countries like France entered the EU, they agreed to abide by the rules and procedures governing the body, but some EU rules are in opposition to some member countries’ policies.
The stiff polices restrict member countries from engaging in substantial economic development without consulting other countries in the system. Additionally, France and Germany are the most powerful members are the most powerful members in the EU with regards to security. This implies that the powerful nations have greater geo-political authority than small countries; therefore, the national integration is biased.
References Bliss, C.J. (2004). Economic Theory and Policy for Trading Blocks and Integration. Manchester: Manchester University press.
Barnard, C. (2007). The Substantive Law of the EU. The Four Freedoms (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
International Assignments Term Paper argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction International assignments are an integral part of the current state of the world due to globalization. Businesses and companies seek to expand their territory across boundaries and thereby target a larger market share.
The development of technology has actually made the whole process easy as it is very easy to communicate with subsidiary managers as well as move from one country to the other. International assignments are however not assigned to any employee but are mainly given to managers and executives who demonstrate a high level of competency with regard to the assignment and working in a multi-cultural context.
This is a very interesting topic as it gives insight into the process of expatriation, it advantages as well as the challenges faced when one goes on an international assignment. This paper will focus on discussing precisely these issues so as to gain a better understanding about international assignments.
Discussion The process of international assignment takes place in three distinct stages as indicated in the figure below (Bonache, Brewster,
Mansfield Parkyn’s View of Africa Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Introduction Prior to examining the actual writings of this extra ordinary British explorer, it is essential to acknowledge that travelers are not journalists; they do not simply observe and record. Instead, they write against the backdrop of their preconceived ideas. Most of them will judge a native country based on values that they already possess.
Sometimes these may be in the form of gender, class or any other prejudices. The interesting thing about what Mansfield Parkyns did in his book “Life in Abyssinia” is that he tried to look at things from the natives’ sociological lens. Whether he succeeded in doing this or not is beside the point; what counts is that a British explorer immersed himself in the ways of an African society who would have been brushed off by others as just another ‘uncivilized group’.
Why travel literature is unique Travel literature is really not a tale about strange lands which explorers visited and wrote about, it is really a tale of explorers and the societies they come from. An explorer is one who removes himself from the familiar and perceives strange and unknown people and places. Consequently, he must find a way of internalizing these differences and then narrating them back to his society. Indeed, these expeditions provide an avenue to reexamine and reaffirm cultural identities.
Not only must one be in a position to record what one has seen but one must do so in a manner that reflects social expectations. An explorer will meet new faces, new representations and new worlds and he must allocate familiar meaning to them. Indeed most European explorers gave their accounts based on a Biblical, classical or scientific lens owing to the influences and books they had been exposed to. Furthermore, most explorers needed to think about audiences back home and the success of their work.
This was the reason why their work needed to reflect such cultural and sociological norms. Many British explorers had a superiority complex in the midst of native tribes and countries. They did not realize that in as much as they were analyzing and critiquing native tribes, those people were also scrutinizing them. Such domineering attitudes were derived from western societies and were very difficult to challenge.
Nonetheless, authors such Mansfield Parkyns still tried to separate themselves from these acquired values and attitudes by being as non judgmental and neutral as was reasonably possible. Sometimes Mansfield overstepped these lines and became overly romantic about the African race, but in certain instances, he still reverted back to his contemporary writer’s perspectives.
Irrespective of these occurrences, Parkyns was still one of the few authors who gave an account of how natives and westerners worked together to create a different world. He tried to give a balanced account of his explorations in Abyssinia. After reading the book, one immediately realizes that the volume was not simply about a man’s geographical journey; it was also about an exploration of self and a revelation of how the ‘other’ can be perceived in a different way.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mansfield’s utopian account of the Abyssinian people Parkyns’ contacts with the natives of Africa were characterized by a series of unpleasant and strange practices and experiences. At the beginning he witnessed the partial removal of flesh from the body of a cow and he also witnessed eating of raw beef. He was arrested and captured at some point, observed the butchering of another individual and remained half starved for a very long time. Despite all these challenges, Parkyns still maintained that the native ways were preferable to those of his fellow European explorers.
Indeed one can say that he possessed a romanticized view of the people of Africa. Parkyns was particularly impressed by the quiet and simple ways of the Abyssinians and firmly believed that they lived in harmony with nature. In certain instances, he had actually fantasized about living amongst the natives.
Africans were unconcerned about complicated social practices and had not yet been perverted by materialist lifestyles. In his interactions with the Abyssinians, Parkyns found that most of them were not as superficial and vain as westerners and this caused him to respect African cultures to a large extent. His immersion into their way of life caused him to rethink the notion of Africans as savages. They were happier and more fulfilled than the Englishmen of his community.
In an 1844 account of his stay in Rohabeita, Mansfield believed that the district was some sort of happy Valley. Life there was less than perfect (as witnessed from the bad climate and lack of food supplies) but he believed that these inadequacies in the external environment were more than compensated for in the internal environment.
To him, the peace and tranquility found here was unrivaled. The natives treated one another with deep affection and esteem. Most of them extended this same hospitality to him and he did the same to them. He admired the innocent life he lived there and even remarked that what the place lacked in terms of intellectual stimulation, it compensated for in happiness.
The love and respect that everyone accorded him caused him to be interested in living with them. Parkyns even contemplated abandoning his western ways and indulging in their ways (although this was a flight of the imagination). From these assertions, one can therefore say that Parkyns looked at life in Abyssinia quite ideally. He was not concerned with the faults found in those lands but was captivated by the mannerisms and the values of the native people.
Some critics have asserted that the reason why most Abyssinians were so good to Mansfield was because he was a foreigner. How could they be hostile to someone so unique and different from them? In fact, Parkyns remarks that at no place in his life was he more respected than in Abyssinia. “Women would sing songs about him and men would look after him; England would never do” .
We will write a custom Research Paper on Mansfield Parkyn’s View of Africa specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These critics therefore read some mischief in the African’s reception of Parkyns. However, what those critics did not realize is that the Abyssinians extended the same respect towards one another so they were not simply putting on a facade. It was this kind of reception that made him so intrigued by the African ways.
Parkyns’ respect and interactions with the natives Indeed one can perceive Parkyns’ respect for the African race from the tone of voice in this book. Also, the manner in which he describes them also shows that he didn’t think of them as uncivilized savages. He realized that they were quite intelligent and had their own culture which they were very proud of. Indeed, Parkyns ate, slept and behaved in the same manner that they did because he respected them. At some point, Parkyns went to live with the Ailet tribe and he did not cover his head or feet for a very long period of time.
He did not sleep on a mattress or any special kind of bed for he was content with sharing or doing what the Ailet and the Abyssinians did. These were clearly great discomforts for him but they did not derail him from his goal. At some point, Parkyns confessed that the food in Abyssinia was nothing to write home about; nonetheless, he continued to feed on what they fed on. This kind of behavior illustrated that Parkyns held the natives in high esteem and did not mind sharing their practices.
Parkyns’ behaved in a warm and sincere manner towards the natives. In fact, he genuinely wanted to help them during tough times. For the duration of his stay in Rohabeita district in 1844, Parkyns noted that the people were suffering from low food security. Consequently, he made a plan that would supposedly get them out of their predicament. He had some 300 pounds which he had received from his family back home.
His intention was to lend people of the village a small portion of that money so that they could get raw materials and equipment for agriculture. They could then pay him back with the money that they recovered from the proceeds of their harvests. Although these were noble intentions, it was unlikely that they would have come to fruition because one could not be sure about the people he was getting into business with.
Nonetheless, one can still see how genuine and helpful this individual was. It is likely that he would have gained something from the transactions but the biggest beneficiary would be the communities he was trying to help. Parkyns was therefore quite peculiar in terms of his interactions because he wanted to ensure that the natives prospered.
Mansfield was very grateful for what he had and often made the most of his resources. He did not fret and fuss over the lack of material comfort; he preferred to use creative ways of creating it. For instance when he was describing his need to see a lion, Parkyns asserted that he used to sleep with his rifle between his legs.
He did this in order to combine the benefits of comfort and utility in one. He would put the end of the rifle on his arm and then place his head against it as a pillow. He explained that he liked this position because he would enjoy the advantages of a pillow and still save the butter from his hair from completely going to waste.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Mansfield Parkyn’s View of Africa by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Mansfield affirmed that the butter was good for wood because it toughened it. If he had chosen a stone to serve the same purpose as the pillow then the butter would not have been very useful. Indeed, such scenarios demonstrate just how quick-witted Parkyns was when living with the Abyssinians. This was a place with minimal resources especially in the eyes of a European. Nonetheless, Mansfield chose not to focus on those inadequacies; he did the best he could to live harmoniously with the locals.
Parkyns’ distinction from peer explorers Most writers in Parkyns’ genre tended to focus more on European adventures. Africans were seen as an addition or an element on the side. “Life in Abyssinia” was a marked difference from this premise because although Mansfield’s exploits still represent a substantial portion of the book, he did manage to shed some light on African perspectives as well.
It should be noted that Europeans were not new to the Abyssinians. Other explorers and traders had come before Mansfield so there were numerous centuries of their interactions with westerners. Their religious practices; which were part Christian and part Abyssinian testified to these interactions.
Abyssinian’s history was widely debated because of their ‘mixed race’ appearance but most of them were already familiar with western society. Such previous interactions had created a series of expectations concerning foreigners. They knew that foreigners rarely came in large numbers and most of them wanted to trade with them.
However, they must have been puzzled by Mansfield and his colleagues because he did not seem particularly interested in trading. He appeared to be a trader who was not prepared to trade so some of them started looking at him as an accomplice of the Turks with whom they had horrible experiences with in the past. Indeed, Mansfield may have puzzled many natives by the fact that he was always moving around.
They were probably wondering what he was up to and what his intentions really were. With time, they got to understand what he was really about. Parkyns illustrated to them that although he was a westerner like many others, he was more interested in what they could share with one another rather than what he could take from them. The natives accepted him as one of their own when they realized that he was sincere.
Mansfield Parkyns showed that exploration was not a spectator sport; the most vivid and daring accounts were those ones which were practical in nature. He could explain how something felt like properly because he had experienced it.; he had tasted it, worn it and done it.
Mansfield was not judgmental about natives as his peers were. Many explorers dismissed deaths that occurred in Africa as barbaric killings. However, Mansfield looked at these acts differently. He analogized their actions to those of European soldiers. If a soldier killed another in battle, then western society would perceive this act positively (if not heroically).
However, if the same was done by an African then that would be savagery. Mansfield witnessed a killing of a Barean enemy at Mareb Valley during his exploits. He was not quick to judge these people because he believed that the Africans had a right to protect themselves in much the same manner that the British did.
A number of explorers have been interested in exploring Africa for selfish reasons. Some of them were looking to set up frontiers in these nations and possibly become famous. They knew that getting administrative positions in their own cultures would be very difficult so Africa provided that new route towards achieving this goal.
Many of them had set targets for themselves and did not bother learning the culture or the way of life of the locals. Parkyns lacked these aspirations and even confessed in one of his journals that perhaps one of the reasons why he feels better suited to the lifestyle in Abyssinia was that he was not as ambitious as his peers.
European explorers would visit Africa and enter with a sense of entitlement. Most would feel as though they were special and would even get angry at locals for not treating them that way. One could not find such features in Mansfield’s mannerisms. For instance at some point he wanted to visit Kafta while still in Abyssinia.
He was captured by some Abyssinian soldiers a few days after he got into this location on suspicion of being a Turk. They had received orders from their leader Lij Hailu to arrest him and keep locked up. When he had been taken into captivity, Parkyns behavior was quite different from that of the typical explorer. The soldiers started dancing around him and make a mockery of him.
He would have gotten angry at them but that would only have made things worse so he decided to participate in the games. He took a piece of straw and gave it to the first dancer as a ‘mock’ sword. Luckily, the soldier had a sense of humor and laughed at the joke. They played pretend after he gave himself the title of a chief and enjoyed the entire afternoon with them. In the book, Mansfield comments that travelers should adopt such a strategy when they visit foreign lands because controlling one’s tempers can win many enemies over.
His behavior during this ordeal was quite unusual and distinct from his peers because he did something that other explorers wouldn’t have considered doing. Many would be angry at the fact that a local has arrested them. Parkyns lacked this sense of entitlement and it helped him get on with members of the African race.
Parkyns often took the pursuits of the locals very seriously even when this highly inconvenienced him. For example there was a point when they were chasing after some Bareans because they had attacked the Abyssinians. When running, he got pierced by a hanging piece of rock that he describes as razor sharp.
This took off a whole portion of his toe nail. Instead of complaining and abandoning the party, Mansfield simply removed a small portion that was still left and continue running barefoot in the hot sand underneath. He had obligations with the locals and honored his word by sticking by them despite his discomforts.
Mansfield’s attitude towards his own culture At the time when Parkyns started his first expedition, he adopted mannerisms that reflected irreverence for the western way of life. He did not care much for European companionship during his expeditions. In fact, he explained that if he had come with many Europeans then he would have spent more time speaking to them in a language he already knew rather than learn a language he did not know.
Observers say that Parkyns was quite different from his peers because he felt that western culture was dispensable and could be abandoned for some time. He was sort of a rebel in his society because he did not seek the minor comforts that most Europeans had grown accustomed to.
In fact, Parkyns believed that it was imperative to sleep in natives’ houses so that he could be closer to them and understand them more. Parkyns did not build a tent like other British explorers because this would have distanced him from the people he wanted to know.
To Parkyns, items of civilization and all the importance attached to them were overrated. For six years, Parkyns stayed without wearing any western garment and instead chose to adorn himself with African clothing. He questioned many assumptions and preferences in his society and defied them as evidenced in his life with the Abyssinians and Ailetians.
When living in the latter community, he would sometimes have to hunt for wild game or else face starvation. In order to achieve this, he needed to go to the outdoors and search for them. According to British society, sportsmen often enjoyed outdoor hunting and other activities that Parkyns had engaged in. However, he quickly explained that what he was doing was not a sport but a means of survival. He despised the fact that his people were busy hunting harmless animals when they already had plenty to eat.
Parkyns hated the way Britons found joy in terminating a creature’s life. This explorer did not readily prescribe to the ways of life of his people to the African society without questioning it. His views on hunting and many other activities that western society held in high regard meant very little to him.
Parkyns felt that Englishmen were too soft and that life in Africa tends to harden one up. In one of his escapades, Mansfield was pierced by a wooden splinter that was the size of a typical giant nail. He did not stop his activities and only extracted it. The splinter slowed him down for two days and he was soon back on his feet.
Mansfield then remarks that this would have been impossible in his home country because he would have been bedridden for no less than two weeks. He therefore believed that people in England would cause uproar about minor things; an element that was absent in African culture.
Mansfield also despised the manner in which Europeans constantly feared the tropical conditions. These sentiments appeared to be precise because Mansfield was rarely sick. A number of explorers tried to avoid sunlight exposure believing that it would make them ill. Most asserted that it causes headaches and should be avoided at all costs. Parkyns affirmed that this was baseless and continued to stay in the sun without caring much about what would happen; nothing happened to him.
Also, he dared to visit a region that many westerners feared because of their predisposition to tropical diseases. Mansfield contradicted these beliefs by going to Africa and living in areas that had mosquitoes. Nonetheless, he shielded himself from the dangers of malaria by using a series of tactics. As one reads the book ‘Life in Abyssinia’ one realizes that Parkyns was a gallant man.
He did not passively accept beliefs held by his counterparts but was daring enough to discover for himself what really counted in the continent of Africa. He knew that no society should ever be seen in black-and-white and many people can be wrong about something. This was a rebellious man who wanted to show that western culture can be questioned and criticized either verbally or practically as he did.
How Parkyns was similar to his contemporaries Mansfield wrote down his views on the lives and interactions with the natives but there were certain instances in which his behavior was somehow typical of his native country than the African locals that he was living with. This was because Mansfield was a man like any other. He did not live in a vacuum and he was indeed writing for an audience that took this kind of work seriously.
As one reads the books, one finds that Parkyns calls certain tribes savages. When he witnesses the killing of a Barean, he explains that these people are quite brave and strong but that no amount of civilization would improve such a savage race.
These are very strong sentiments coming from someone who claimed to see things as neutrally as possible. Also, when he lived in “Happy valley”, he harbored thoughts of living among the natives, organizing an army of soldiers, getting them to look for exploits and earning a tax from them. He would be given some sort of rank like that of chief and would improve the lives of those he was living with.
Although Mansfield said this at a time when he wanted to help the locals, there are still certain elements in his fantasies that exemplify imperialist values. Also, when explaining the concept of marriage in Abyssinia, he asserts that no such thing as marriage exists in this land since all it involves is mutual consent. He was describing their social practices against the lens of his own social practices.
Since western societies did not permit polygamy and required documentation as proof of marriage, he believed that because the same procedures were not followed in this society then their marriage institutions were not recognizable. All these issues show that he was a product of his society even though he was trying to reform it. Parkyns was very different from his peers but this does not imply that there were no similarities at all between him and other travelers of his time.
Mansfield did not completely loose himself in the culture of the Abyssinians In as much as Mansfield wanted to get a closer experience of life in Abyssinia by dressing, eating and living like the locals, he still stayed true to his identity as an explorer. For example, when describing the customs of the Abyssinians concerning spirits, omens and spells, Parkyns tries as much as possible to explain the rituals explicitly but he does not loose himself in them. He is clearly skeptical about the practices but he owed it to the Abyssinians to be as fair as possible to them so he gave an explicit account of the practice.
In the book, Parkyns describes the process of demonic possession of a servant girl. In this description, he gives his take on what could have caused the girl to behave in such a peculiar manner. He believed that she was playacting or genuinely wanted to experience the feelings that she was expected to have by members of her society. In order to confirm that the girl had really not participated in some sort of conspiracy or scheme, Mansfield did a series of experiments to test her.
He first tried to pinch her but she did not respond. He brought some ammonia close to her nose such that she would react but she stayed motionless. Furthermore, Mansfield went on to bring some ornaments that would supposedly awaken the spirits in the girl but they did not contain a vital ingredient. Consequently, he would expose her as a cheat if she reacted to them; she disappointed Parkyns by not waking up at all.
She eventually reacted when talisman was found and put near her mouth. The servant girl then commented that the talisman was insufficient and laughed. This laugh is what illustrated that the entire episode was nothing more than a display by the girl. On that same night, a hyena appeared at the end of the village, yet this was a rather unique occurrence.
The villagers were deeply troubled by this hyena claiming that it was the spirit that came out of the girl. Mansfield brushed these assertions aside despite the fact that this choice earned him heavy criticisms from the people around him. Some branded him as a senseless human being. What these accounts illustrated was that Parkyns tried to be as rational as possible in his observations and interactions with the Abyssinians.
In instances where the locals were stubborn in their beliefs about something, Parkyns would try as much as possible to play things down. In other words, he was careful not to be overly confrontational about the locals’ beliefs even when he did not agree with them.
For example, the same girl described in the latter episode still had the same ‘spiritual’ problems. Mansfield decided to humor the people of Abyssinia by making a concoction and exposing her to the smoke. He got some bamboo shoots, paper, a leaf and hair which he had cut off from his dog, although the villagers were not aware of this.
Parkyns won the respect of the natives through such kinds of tactics owing to the fact that he played along and acted in a way that was appropriate in their eyes. This was a man who kept his cool and stayed rational even in environments that were not that rational. Nonetheless, he was not arrogant about his knowledge and when he realized that he could not convince the natives about something, he often behaved in a manner that was expected from him.
Conclusion “Life in Abyssinia” was a thought provoking and insightful examination of an explorer’s exploits in Africa. The things that make Parkyns different from his peers are his interactions with the locals, a non judgmental attitude towards the natives, his rebelliousness towards his own culture, a respect for the Abyssinians and an incredible ability to treat them like fellow human beings not savages.
These views and approaches caused a lot of excitement and uproar in his own community when he wrote about them in the book. There is no doubt that Mansfield contributions in history will be remembered for many years to come especially in British society since he tried to restore a balance in the European-African imperialist debate.
References Cumming, Duncan. The Gentleman savage. Essex: Anchor Brendon ltd, 1987
Parkyns, Mansfield. Abyssinia and its people; life in the land of Prester John. 1853
Youngs, Tim. Travelers in Africa. Manchester: Manchester University press
Curtin, Philip. The image of Africa: British ideas and action1780-1850. London: Wisconsin press, 1964
Dalrymple, Alexander. An historical collection of the several voyages and discoveries in the south pacific ocean. London: McMillan, 1770
Winks, Robert. The oxford history of the British Empire. Oxford: OUP, 1999
Blackburn, David. Letters received by Richard Knight 19 March1791, British Museum
Quaife, Milo. The journals of Meriwether Lewis and Sergeant Ordway. Madison: Wisconsin, 1916
Ronda, James. The exploration of North America. Washington: American historical association, 1992
Jackson, Donald. Letters of the Lewis and Clark expedition. 1783-1854. Urbana: Illinois university press. 1978
Footnotes Jackson, Donald. Letters of the Lewis and Clark expedition. 1783-1854. Urbana: Illinois university press. 1978
Quaife, Milo. The journals of Meriwether Lewis and Sergeant Ordway. Madison: Wisconsin, 1916 Ronda, James. The exploration of North America. Washington: American historical association, 1992
Parkyns, Mansfield. Abyssinia and its people; life in the land of Prester John. 1853
Cumming, Duncan. The Gentleman savage. Essex: Anchor Brendon ltd, 1987
Parkyns, Mansfield. Abyssinia and its people; life in the land of Prester John. 1853
Winks, Robert. The oxford history of the British Empire. Oxford: OUP, 1999
Dalrymple, Alexander. An historical collection of the several voyages and discoveries in the south pacific ocean. London: McMillan, 1770
Parkyns, Mansfield. Abyssinia and its people; life in the land of Prester John. 1853
Youngs, Tim. Travelers in Africa. Manchester: Manchester University press
Nike: The Sweatshop Essay essay help online: essay help online
Nike Company is considered as one of the classic world wide corporations established in America. Its fame is also associated to the superfluous profits that the company makes out of the large volumes of shoes that it produces. Nike Company has been able to propagate its revenues from the fact that its sells its products from more than 140 countries worldwide.
Despite of the company being able to generate profound profits out of the large volumes from the apparels and shoes, it is being characterized by some features that may in one way or another be perceived as unethical.
Some of the issues that the company ought to keenly observe comprise of the working condition of the employees. In essence the working condition may comprise of the remuneration to its respective employees and the conditions that the company dictates to its subcontractors (Hill, 2009).
Nike being termed as the best performing corporation on a global sense in terms of the apparels and shoes it is able to produce in an annual basis. This means that it is being able to control the market. In other words, the company has been able to set up and establish the conditions that ought to be followed by other marketers, live alone its subcontractors.
Considering the amount of remuneration that the company offers to its employees and the conditions that it has set up to even the foreign factories that it works with, it would be just if the company is held responsible for such conditions.
As long as the subcontractors make products for Nike Company, the foreign countries associated with the subcontractors in one way or another are being controlled by Nike Company. Therefore, the conditions that those foreign companies implemented are indirectly linked to Nike Company and thus, this justifies why Nike Company ought to be held responsible for any condition within the foreign company (Hill, 2009).
Though, Nike may be held responsible for the conditions subsisting in foreign countries, which might be regarded as being unethical, there are others that ought to be held both in the mother country and in the foreign countries. Some of the working conditions that should be upheld in the foreign countries are the issues concerning the overtime rates. In order to have a livable wage, there should be no limit for the overtime. In essence it should not be limited in any way (Bateman
The logical problem of evil and the freewill defense Essay scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Logical Problem of Evil
Objection to Free-will Defense
Introduction The purpose of this essay will be to evaluate the logical problem of evil and free-will defense. The aspects that will be focused on in the essay will be the logical problem of evil where the concept of God and the key attributes that are in conflict with the existence of evil will be discussed.
The free-will defense as a response to the logical problem of evil will also be covered in the essay as well as how the free-will response demonstrates the existence of evil to be logically inconsistent with the existence of God. Objections to the free-will defense as a logical solution to evil will also be presented in the discussion.
Logical Problem of Evil The problem of evil according to Inwagen (188) is defined as the label for an intellectual problem that is contrary to emotional, spiritual, psychological and theological problems. The prevalence of evil in the world or the logical problem of evil can easily be used to form a basis for an argument that is against the existence of God or any other omnipotent being.
The logical problem of evil states that if God really existed he would be an all powerful and morally perfect being who would not allow any evil or immorality to exist in the world. But since there is a lot of evil in the world, God does not exist and this basically forms a basis for the logical problem of evil. According to the logical problem of evil, the continued existence of evil since the beginning of time is a prelude to the fact that God is non-existent (Inwagen 188).
The response to the logical problem of evil is the existence of a morally perfect and omnipotent being that has the relevant knowledge of evil and how to deal with it. God is an omnipotent being who is pure, good and morally perfect and can be able to deal with evil. The concept of God is basically made up of Him being an omnipotent being, His knowledge of evil and His moral perfection.
God is seen to be a morally perfect and omnipotent being meaning that he can do anything as long as it is not an intrinsic impossibility. Because omnipotence and moral perfection are the non-negotiable components of God, the implications of this is that if the universe was made by an all powerful being and that being was less than omnipotent then the atheists would be right in assuming that God did not exist.
A morally perfect being would not allow evil to exist in the world and him being omnipotent would mean that he has the power to control the existence of evil. The implication of this statement is that such a being is either false or is wholly ignorant to the occurrence of evil (Inwagen 192).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the key attributes that is in conflict with evil is moral scorn which according to Inwagen (191) is the safest kind of evil because it is easily taken for granted by most people. Scorn which is generally a form of moral insensitivity is a type of evil that is committed against a person’s emotional and spiritual feelings. It is meant to belittle the actions, opinions or comments that individuals make towards something of common interest.
Moral scorn conflicts with general scorn because it can be used against individuals who disagree with others by demonstrating self-righteous acts or moral posturing. Moral scorn is meant to belittle the actions or opinions of other people without necessarily being backed by evil feelings such as malice or hatred. Moral scorn deflects an argument from employing any forms of evil to one that employs self-righteousness or moral posturing meaning that it eliminates the occurrence of any form of evil completely (Inwagen 191).
Freewill Defense The free-will defense is the only response to the logical problem of evil because of the existence of rational, self-aware and good human beings who have a free choice or free will to take part in evil or good. The free-will defense explains the presence of God to be that of an omnipotent being who grants human beings with the power of free choice and free will.
Free-will is a great good created by God to outweigh the existence of evil in the world and it is therefore seen as a defense to the logical problem of evil. The simplistic form of free-will points to the fact that evil exists in the world and the existence of God as a morally upright being. If evil did not exist in the world, there would be no need for human beings to decide whether they will engage in evil or good meaning that the free-will defense is meaningless (Inwagen 198).
Because God created human beings to be rational when it came to choosing between good and evil, he would not be in existence if people lacked the free-will defense when choosing between right and wrong. Free-will means that a person is morally responsible for the choices they have made bearing in mind that they had the choice to do otherwise.
Free-will provides human beings with an option to choose what they think is right regardless of whether or not they think it is evil or good. The choice of free will therefore points to the existence of evil in the world and since free-will is a moral choice derived from morally right and rational human beings, it points to the existence of God as an omnipotent being (196).
The free-will defense addresses the logical problem of evil because it offers human beings with an alternative to committing evil. Free-will provides people with a chance to be morally responsible for their actions though they had the chance to do otherwise. The simplistic form of the free-will defense can at best be used to deal with the existence of some forms of evil as opposed to a vast amount of evil that originates from the acts of human beings.
We will write a custom Essay on The logical problem of evil and the freewill defense specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Objection to Free-will Defense An objection to the free-will defense is that it fails to address the logical problem of evil because free will and determinism are compatible concepts that co-exist in the world.
This means that God as the omnipotent being could create a world where human beings were free to commit evil but also do good. This seems to be a surprising argument to make but it has a strong basis based on philosophers such as David Hume and Thomas Hobbes who held the belief that free will and determinism were perfectly compatible concepts that could coexist in a world full of both evil and good.
These philosophers argued that free-will meant being free to do what one wants to do while determinism involved making the right choice based on what a person wanted to do. If free will and determinism were compatible therefore, an omnipotent being could create a human being who had a free choice to choose between evil and good (Inwagen 199).
A person’s free will is therefore what one wants to do with regards to the above analysis meaning that a free will is an unimpeded will. A creator who would want to offer people with a free choice would only need to arrange matters so as to achieve the intended desire in human beings.
This means that if a human being had a desire to commit act x instead of y, they would be able to achieve that desire because they have the option of x and y implanted in them. If every human being with a free will always did what they felt was right there would be an abuse of free will and evil would not exist in the world through the human abuse of free-will. This means that the free-will defense is not a suitable response to the logical problem of evil based on this objection.
Works Cited Inwagen, Peter. The problem of evil. New York: Oxford University Press
Nike: The Sweatshop Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Nike Company is considered as one of the classic world wide corporations established in America. Its fame is also associated to the superfluous profits that the company makes out of the large volumes of shoes that it produces. Nike Company has been able to propagate its revenues from the fact that its sells its products from more than 140 countries worldwide.
Despite of the company being able to generate profound profits out of the large volumes from the apparels and shoes, it is being characterized by some features that may in one way or another be perceived as unethical.
Some of the issues that the company ought to keenly observe comprise of the working condition of the employees. In essence the working condition may comprise of the remuneration to its respective employees and the conditions that the company dictates to its subcontractors (Hill, 2009).
Nike being termed as the best performing corporation on a global sense in terms of the apparels and shoes it is able to produce in an annual basis. This means that it is being able to control the market. In other words, the company has been able to set up and establish the conditions that ought to be followed by other marketers, live alone its subcontractors.
Considering the amount of remuneration that the company offers to its employees and the conditions that it has set up to even the foreign factories that it works with, it would be just if the company is held responsible for such conditions.
As long as the subcontractors make products for Nike Company, the foreign countries associated with the subcontractors in one way or another are being controlled by Nike Company. Therefore, the conditions that those foreign companies implemented are indirectly linked to Nike Company and thus, this justifies why Nike Company ought to be held responsible for any condition within the foreign company (Hill, 2009).
Though, Nike may be held responsible for the conditions subsisting in foreign countries, which might be regarded as being unethical, there are others that ought to be held both in the mother country and in the foreign countries. Some of the working conditions that should be upheld in the foreign countries are the issues concerning the overtime rates. In order to have a livable wage, there should be no limit for the overtime. In essence it should not be limited in any way (Bateman
The Sexual Practices in the Youths Research Paper custom essay help
Abstract There has been a rise in sexual awareness among the teenagers. The statistical comparison of the current and past generations sharply differs. The mass media is largely to blame for the sexual practices in the youths.
Introduction Are today’s teens becoming more sexually active and aware at a younger age than previous generations? Currently, teenagers have more information on sexuality while some have sexual experiences at a tender age. Parents and the media have to combine efforts to fight the vice.
Literature review Chapman, J. (2000). Adolescent sex and mass media: a developmental approach. Miami: Herald.
According to Chapman, the media is to be blame for the sharp rise in adolescent sex. To solve the problem, Chapman recommends the establishment of a body to monitor the contribution of media on sexuality.
Brown, D. (2002). Mass media influences on sexuality. New York: Harper
Green building in the United Arab Emirates Essay (Article) college application essay help
Many nations throughout the world are faced with the challenge of climate change. The United Arab Emirates is not an exception to this problem. Over the years, the UAE has had an increased number of buildings under construction. This has resulted to the construction of impressive buildings and building projects that have resulted to spectacular buildings such as the Palm Jumeirah and Burj Dubai.
The construction of these buildings is respectable but at the same time, it has resulted to increased consumption of energy. This generated a need to search for better ways of construction that would reduce energy consumption and depletion of the existing natural resources even though the Emirates boasts of the worlds largest possession of these resources.
Consequently, the government in the United Arab Emirates resolved for the implementation of better and advanced construction strategies that would ensure energy was conserved therefore providing a solution to the increased rate of pollution that has been on a steady rise with the increase in the number of buildings.
This led to the introduction of green buildings in the Emirates as a sure method of decreasing energy wastage and pollution while at the same time commencing with their building activities to meet global environmental changes in the business world.
Several factors in the Emirates contribute to the consumption of large amounts of energy. This includes longer summers, desert conditions, little amount of rainfall and temperatures that range up to 40 degrees or higher. This causes them to rely heavily on applications that consume large amounts of energy such as air conditioning and the desalinization of water systems. This, in addition to the sky rocketing buildings gives enough evidence of the high energy consumption in the Emirates.
Adopting a better alternative in architectural designs and methods can lead to much reduced effects on the environment. In an interview carried out Habiba Al Marashi who is the chairperson of an environmental Group in Dubai known as Emirates Environmental Group she said ”Sustainable architecture is one of the many ways by which we can measurably minimize the impact of our growth on the ecosystem.
I would like to urge our designers and builders to look inwards towards our architectural traditions and heritage to seek solutions to make a truly greener and progressive UAE,” (Janardhan, 2010, par. 6).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Green buildings serve as a solution to the establishment of an environmentally sound system and creation of efficiency in daily activities by creating reasonable space using a better and improved integrated approach to building design and construction. As a result, an environment that is comfortable for everyday activities while at the same time reducing operational as well as maintenance costs can be achieved in the Emirates.
The green buildings are already being constructed in the Emirates and with time the strategy would be fully incorporated into the UAE. It has become essential for the UAE to assimilate this construction method in light of the current rate of energy depletion and exhaustion of natural resources as well as increased environmental pollution. Incorporation of the green building architectural designs is fundamental for a stable commercial and natural environment in the Emirates.
There are five prerequisites of green building which are already being implemented by architects as well as engineers in the Emirates. The fundamentals of green building include “sustainable sites, energy efficiency, water-use efficiency, environment-friendly materials and indoor environmental quality” (Janardhan, 2010, par. 10). It is an improvement that the engineers and designers of different buildings are incorporating one or more of these steps in construction of current buildings. However, a more holistic approach would be developed if all the fundamentals of green building would be incorporate in the construction of these buildings rather than using one or two of the prerequisites.
The Emirates are using the concepts of green building to employ energy-efficient strategies as well as incorporating the use of recycled materials and recyclables in the construction of buildings. This type of environmental- friendly designs ensures that full utilization of limited resources is achieved to satisfy both the needs of the architects and that of the consumers.
The green buildings encourage the conversion of solar energy into electricity for use in cooling since as mentioned earlier the temperatures in the Emirates can exceed 40 degrees. The electricity can also be used for heating. Other environmental conserving activities involve the use of high winds which can be converted into electricity using rooftop generators.
The green building project also utilizes technology in the conversion of municipal waste to biogas and useful bio-fertilizers. Water which happens to be a costly commodity in the Emirates due to the process of desalinization can also be conserved by preventing excessive consumption of water which is a strategy employed by the green buildings. If the United Arab Emirates incorporates the green building strategy, there would be lots of benefits accrued from it for the countries.
The Leadership in Energy and environmental Design (LEED) is a body which determines the number of factors that go into consideration for the determination of an appropriate green building project in different countries. Different countries have their own special specifications for a green building project due to various factors such as climate and the economic capabilities of the country.
We will write a custom Article on Green building in the United Arab Emirates specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The LEED uses a wide criterion so as to come up with different degrees of sustainability for different green buildings. For the UAE, the American LEED structure was modified to generate the LEED Emirates that has already been utilized in construction of green buildings in the UAE. One of the buildings that has been constructed using the LEED is the Pacific Controls Headquarters which is the first building that was constructed using the LEED in Middle East and about the 16th throughout the world.
Some of the technologies that were used in the building for reduction of environmental degradation are “the Roof mounted photovoltaics powering daytime artificial lighting – A solar thermal air-conditioning system – CO2 monitoring for indoor air quality – Landscaped areas irrigated using rain water and recycled waste water – 50% of construction materials sourced locally – 10% of building materials by cost made from recycled goods” (Rashid, 2007, p. 5)
The development of the green building has led to increased awareness of the environment and the potential dangers other forms of construction have on the environmental condition of a country and of the entire world as a whole. Green building as led to reduced energy wastes and better strategies of construction that have ensured energy costs are minimized.
The UAE has employed the use of green building. As a result, there are various advantages that are going to accrue to the country due to the adaptation of the LEED Emirates strategy in construction. More building constructions that are based on LEED are yet to be constructed in the UAE and the benefits accruing to the use of this strategy would be visible after a period of time.
Reference Janardhan, Meena. (2010, July 19). Land of Black Gold Focuses on Green Buildings. Web.
Rashid Al Maktoum. (2007, October). The Sustainable Vision of Dubai. Web.
The life of Robert Frost Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Robert Frost, a prominent American poet, stands out as one of the pioneers and contributors in the art of poetry. In his poems he uses the New England characters, expressions, and even setting to send out his message through the art. Robert Frost “was born on 26 March 1874 in San Francisco California” (William, 2001).
As a way of acknowledging the southern hero general Robert Lee (1807-1870) his parents decided to call their first son Robert. Frost faced a test of time when his father passed away in 1885. They were not sure whether their travel to Massachusetts for funeral would enable them to live on properly, as they did not have funds to travel back to California. Frost’s grandfather offered them a home. Her mother eventually secured a job as a teacher.
In his early years Frost loved to listen to his mother read to him, which led to his exposure to a variety of literary works as he gained inspiration to read. Although at first Frost lacked enthusiasm in his elementary studies, he managed to work hard finally graduating from Lawrence high school as the top student as well as the class poet in 1892.
Frost became an editor of the high school Bulletin after his poem “La Noche Triste” which was published in the Bulletin in 1890. Frost was inspired to write the poem by Prescott’s famous History of the Conquest of Mexico (William, 2001). In 1894 Frost’s first professional poem “My Butterfly” was published in Independent, New York (“Robert Frost”).
In 1895 Frost married his love, Elinor Miriam White, and tried to advance his career in teaching (“Robert Frost”). He helped his mother in managing her private school in Lawrence, Massachusetts, where his first son was born. Life turned out difficult especially for Frost, as he tried to balance his studies in Harvard, at the same time providing for his family.
Therefore, he decided to venture in poultry farming in Methuen. Following his tuberculosis diagnosis in 1900, he decided to move his poultry farming to Derry, New Hampshire as his son unfortunately succumbed to death (William, 2001). Frost was also warned about possible threat of tuberculosis. Eventually, Frost and his family decided to move to Buckinghamshire in England in 1912.
However, in 1914 the poet had to leave Britain for the United States due to financial constraints. There Frost was announced “a leading voice of the “new poetry” movement” (William, 2001). He received assistance from the American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) and many other people who inspired him. There he wrote his poem “A Boy’s Will” which received a warm welcome after publication.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Though scared of crowds, Frost became a public figure wining various prizes in the area of poetry. He died on January 29, 1963 in Boston Massachusetts following some complications after an operation. However, he has left many resources for the upcoming poets and the society.
What influenced him to write poetry Frost’s poetry writing dates back to his early life as a young boy. His motivation to dedicate his life to literature resulted from his love of listening to his mother’s reading of stories. Therefore, his love to poetry and literature was nurtured and cultivated by his mother while he was still growing.
Furthermore, his topping in class coupled with the publishing of his poem in the school Bulletin contributed to his interests in the area of poetry. The fact that he performed well to lead all the class in poetry illustrated how impeccable he was in poetry. Frost ventured in writing after the appearance of his poem “My Butterfly” in the New York Independent magazine (“Robert Frost”).
This actually motivated him as he got some income from the poems he sold to magazines and therefore was able to provide for himself as well as for his family. Frost’s father was a journalist, a fact that contributed to his studying in the same line.
Frost’s wife Elinor also provided a sense of inspiration to the nurturing and development of his writing skills and preference. His wife had a good background in writing poems and therefore she had an interest in writing. Her love for poetry played a bigger role in enhancing Frost’s development and advancements in writing.
It goes without saying that love to his wife was one of the most potent inspirations for Frost (“Robert Frost”). Noteworthy, during his life Frost met many prominent poets which influenced him a lot when it came to poetry. These poets were Rupert Brooke, Edward Thomas and Robert Graves among others. They nurtured him by offering assistance and guidance in developing his writing skills in poetry.
These poets provided a strong background and basis for his poetry as their reputation and experience in the field was remarkable and known by many people. They set a good playing ground for the rest of Frost’s poetry and writing career. Furthermore, Frost’s friendship with Pound Ezra influenced his writing profession. Pound assisted Frost in the promotion of his poems, which motivated him to keep on working hard in this area.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The life of Robert Frost specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The support from other people also influenced him positively as his work gained acceptance influencing the lives of people. As result, Frost received several prizes because of producing good work. These awards still made him forge on producing good quality poems like “The Road Not Taken”.
“The Road Not Taken” What it Means
“The Road Not Taken” forms part of his early poems that confuses many readers in terms of the implication or the meaning he intended to air out. The poem addresses the issue of indecisiveness. For instance, the author stands in woods unable to decide the right path that can lead him to the direction or the destination he wants.
This indecisiveness comes out clearly in the second line “And sorry I could not travel both” that shows how the author admits impossibility of traveling on both roads (“The Road Not Taken”). Therefore, a decision should be made that will enable him to achieve or rather reach the preferred and intended destination.
The ways the author wants to choose seem worn-out with un-trodden leaves covering them. He therefore decides to take one of them with the hope that he will take the other way some other time. Though the poet cannot tell the time and the moment that he will take, which is illustrated in the following line: “then took the other, as just as fair”.
The poem also has the implication that someday, when Frost recalls the decision he took, he will twist it a little bit by claiming that he took the road less traveled as illustrated in the last verse of the poem, “I shall be telling with a sign… I took the one less travelled by” (“The Road Not Taken”).
Therefore, the poem addresses the life’s challenges and problems showing how people go about choosing the right decisions. Some decisions, which people embark on, can have great implications changing everything. Furthermore, the poet articulates an opinion that people are free to choose their fate since the routes that they choose are the result of their own choice and chance (Finger, 1978, p. 478).
The author uses forks in the roads and paths in the woods as metaphorical figures of speech to imply the decisions and the crises people always encounter. People usually face difficult times at one stage or another in their day-to-day lives. These problems come through various things like crises, conflicts, regardless of which a decision must arise to ensure that they meet what they intended to.
Frost tries to assert that regardless of these, a choice must exist though irreversible, sometimes following the lack of provision of a second chance. These decisions, he goes further to say, may provide a basis for people to witness changes or differences either positive or negative as illustrated in the last line “and that has made all the difference” (“The Road Not Taken”).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The life of Robert Frost by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, to sum up, the author implies that all people have the freedom to choose the kind of way that they feel will enable them to reach their destination or achieve their objectives. The choice of an individual may not necessarily be similar to those of others. When time elapses the decisions that people make may not apply in the current times, dominated by changes requiring them to twist and adapt to the status in order for them to suit.
The entire poem therefore declares sacrifices, determination, perseverance and endurances as the basis for gaining success, fame and even wealth and popularity. These require a lot of dedication on the part of the person, regardless of the obstacles and problems or challenges that one faces (Watts, 1955, p. 69). Without sacrificing and clearly defining the destiny or the purpose that one wants, it is difficult to achieve his/her desires in life.
The poet therefore suggests optimism, persistence, and consistency of people as a way of achieving their desires. Time comes when one sits back to look at what he/she has reached without any hiccups; time when an individual meditates the difference he/she has created in the life of other people. The poem is didactic since it encourages people to work hard for them to achieve their goals irrespective of the obstacles they might face. People should choose their own destinies.
Why Frost Wrote It
The motivation of writing the poem “The Road not Taken” comes from Frost’s own life experiences, and how he faced various problems and how he successfully managed to solve them. The poem illustrates his zeal and ambition to make success as an individual. The poet decided to make a decision knowing clearly what exactly he wanted to achieve.
For instance, the lines “Then took the other, as just as fair, / And having perhaps the better claim” suggests the vision and the results the author had in choosing his way in poetry, a field which people did not want to venture at that time (“The Road Not Taken”). The profession requires a lot of dedication, creativity in writing, thoughtful observation, revision, editing among other things, which many people would not manage.
However, his effort and dedication in pursuing poetry brought him some difference, which he will sigh, to the coming generations. For instance, he chooses to illustrate the fact that not many people do prefer to pursue the field: “I took the one less travelled by, / And that has made all the difference.” Such lines provided a hint to why the author decided to venture in field. He understood that one could not achieve fame or wealth without his/her input and sacrifice.
Therefore, he was motivated to write this poem in order to educate people on how the actions they make can affect their lives. That success or any other good things do not come that easy. Hard work and sacrifice acts as a basis of success, wealth and even fame that many wish to have.
“The Fire and Ice” What it Means
“The Fire and Ice” though short, postulates the commonest queries people ask. These questions concern the fate or the future of the world. Many people living in that period were in awe whether the world would end or would be destroyed by ice or fire (Tuten and Zubizarreta, 2001, 112). Through the poem Frost joins the debate by providing his side of coin through his opinions on his take or perspective on the ending of the world.
The poet has an opinion that the world will end with fire as consideration of his personal experience with passion and desire and the emotions brought about by fire. Contrary, he claims that the world will end in ice or hatred after considering his experiences for a second time. Consequently, the poem acknowledges that both are equally destructive. Frost begins by presenting the view of people in the poem concerning how they feel or think the world will end.
The poet points out that, although some differences do occur between different people about the fate of the world, the truth will stand out and will not hinge on someone as illustrated in the following line “some say the world will end in fire, / Some say in ice”. He therefore provides the reader with different perspectives held by people on what they think will end the world.
Frost then presents his own views about the issue of the end of the world: “from what I’ve tasted of desire, / I hold within those who favor fire.” He equates fire to desire but consequently equates hate to ice (Little
Four Marketing Practices That Cause Noise Pollution Report (Assessment) college admission essay help
Marketing in a crucial strategic practice in organizations; in Porters 4Ps of marketing, promotion is one of tool that form a base for an integrated marketing communication; however when marketers are promoting their products, there are chances that they emit pollutants. This paper discusses four practices with promotional campaigns that cause noise pollution.
List four things that cause noise during the promotional process and how they cause noise
Loud messages on road shows
In aggressive promotions, companies engage in road shows where they show case the kind of products and services they offer, to attract a large population, they have to speak in loud voices using speakers; this causes noise to the surrounding people.
Depending with the angle and type of advertisement that an organization has, there are times that companies come-up with songs that promote their products; when the songs are played, depending with the person who is listening to them they may qualify to be called noise.
Television and Radio adverts
Depending with the kind of people that a certain television and radio messages land to, they may amount to noise; if people who are not interested hear them or those who have little to care about in the products will find the advert as nuisance. When developing a promotional material, the focus should be on the target market and the segmentation that the company aimed at reaching, so when the information lands to someone outside this circle, then it is noise.
When using electronic billboards, companies create some sounds that are likely to capture the attention of the target customers, for example if the target customer are kinds, the marketers may have some common cartoon say something that attract the child. This amounts to noise and thus an environmental pollution.
Give three examples of word-of-mouth communication that you personally have received about some product. What was the nature of the communication and what impact did it have on you?
Nivea beauty products have been marketed to me more than once using word of mouth, what the marketers does, they lay a table in the streets and when they see someone passing, they get to him or her and market the products on a direct word-of-mouth marketing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When Apple Inc. developed I-phones, their marketers camped in our college compound during inter-college games and one marketer got the chance to market the product to me through the word of mouth. He took his time to advertise for me how the product is superior to others in the market.
At the supermarket, I have also gotten a chance to be sold for using the work of mouth, mostly this happens with electronic where companies like Samsung send their marketers to the stores to sell their products.
When the approach to marketing has been used on me, it has created a relationship with the market, if I don’t by the product on the spot, when I need such a similar products, I find myself contacting the marketer for some advice and sometimes I buy the products.
When using word-of –mouth as a marketing tool, the marketer engages in a dialogue with the potential buyers and explains the strong features of his or her products. On the other hand, the buyer gets a chance to ask questions and seek clarifications on certain areas that he/she thinks were not well understood.
Reference List D Fred, Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases, Pearson Education, New Jersey, 2008.
Fall from Grace: Book Review of Leila Aboulela’s Minaret Essay (Critical Writing) best essay help: best essay help
Abstract Real life examples highlight the key intriguing element of Leila Aboulela’s 2005 novel Minaret. Minaret is a mirror of Aboulela’s life experience. The novel tells the story of Najwa, who enjoys a coddled existence in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum.
Following a political coup, Aboulela’s life completely changes when her father is executed and her family flees to London. This review suggests that Najwa’s reasons for entering into domestic servitude with a wealthy Arab family in London speaks to her need to re-establish a sense of family after the loss of her father, mother and brother.
Fall from Grace: Book Review of Leila Aboulela’s Minaret In recent years literature that covers Islamic issues and themes largely condemns devout factions of Muslims as uneducated, hostile and unconsciously engaged in Islam due to family pressures, cultural pressures and the barely suppressed desire to wreak havoc on the infidels.
A character largely influenced by the excesses and extremes of the Taliban has developed in popular culture as a result: this literary character is usually a male, backwards, always armed to the teeth, and chauvinistic to the point of stoning women for wearing lipstick, being raped or wanting to be a doctor.
A common theme has also developed in popular literature – the idea that Muslim men are somehow there through misguided political beliefs, and require only education, social status or access to food and clean water to realize and amend the error of their ways, while the assumption holds that Muslim women are there purely by an unfortunate accident of birth (Suad
Crime Prevention Programs in the State of California Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Introduction The State of California aims to achieve a safe as well as drug-free community through enforcement of various prevention programs. The state officers have the duty to prevent targeted crimes in cooperation with the local as well as federal officers. They are also assisted by the local community members. One of the programs that have been implemented by the state is the Gang Violence Suppression Program which was created through the California Penal Code, Chapter 3.5 (Davis, 2003).
The program aims to minimize gang violence within the California community. It also aims to change potentially dangerous activities of gangs into more valuable as well as constructive behavior. The program helps remove dangerous weapons such as guns, explosives among others from the street. It removes violent offenders such as career criminals as well as repeat offenders from the streets of California.
The program uses CALGANG Information System to track gangs as well as their members which is necessary for investigating gang-related crimes. GVS program therefore provides funds to the California Department of Justice to operate the CALGANG System since it is the lead agency among the components of the GVS Program.
Purpose The purpose of the study is to analysis the success and the effectiveness of Gang Violence Suppression Program in California.
Thesis Statement The Gang Violence Suppression Program has achieved significant success in reducing gangs and gang-related crimes.
Reasons for establishment
According to Justia US Law (2009), it was realized by the California legislature that gang violence and gang activities were fast growing in the state. School age pupils and students were also not left out in this and their level of involvement was increasing.
Besides, there were several schools that provided education to many youths who were involved in gang activities; however, these schools were not able to effectively implement programs which could help prevent the students from getting involved in gang activities since there was no statewide funded program in institutions for such purposes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The legislature also found evidence that the parents of those involved in gangs do not have appropriate parenting skills considering that the youths get involved in gangs while still young. Gang involvement is usually a result of lack of positive role models (Justia US Law, 2009).
Gang Violence Suppression Program was therefore established to support the district attorneys’ offices in prosecuting offenders involved in gang violence; and the local law-enforcement agencies in crime and criminal identification, investigation as well as apprehension of suspected offenders of gang violence.
It was also implemented to assist county probation departments to provide extensive supervision to gang members on probation. It was also established to support prevention as well as intervention of gang violence through school districts. Finally, it was found that it was necessary to achieve gang violence suppression through community-based organizations (Justia US Law, 2009).
Elements of the Gang Violence Suppression Program
Suppression activities involved in the GVS Program include the use of computerized criminal identification as well as tracking systems, community based organizations, vertical prosecution in addition to specialized police response (Davis 2003). It also applies intensive probation supervision and education provision through schools.
Specialized police response
This component of GVS Program focuses mainly on developing expert gang units in law enforcement agencies so as to help in investigation, identification as well as apprehension of offenders involved in gang violence. The specialized law enforcement divisions work together with other agencies funded by the program to address gang violence problems within the community.
They share intelligence information as well as strategies. They are responsible for providing crime analysis especially in gang related crimes as well as the gangs and their members. They also facilitate processes of community policing with an aim of achieving gang suppression. The law enforcement division is also responsible for enforcing curfew as well as truancy violations.
The prosecution component carries out vertical prosecution criminals found to be involved in violent gangs. This is done by specialized prosecutors while ensuring protection to cooperating witnesses from acts of retribution as well as intimidation that could come from gang members.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Crime Prevention Programs in the State of California specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They provide existing information particularly on prosecution patterns for gang-related crimes so as to help in crime analysis. They also defend against pretrial release of criminals involved violent crimes and are awaiting trial and also minimize the plea bargaining by such offenders.
This component is responsible for providing intensive supervision to offenders identified to belong to violent gangs and is put on probation so as to ensure that they adhere to the conditions of their probation. Probation component works hand in hand with law enforcement as well as prosecution agencies in enforcing some specific provisions of probation which are used for monitoring gang members who are on probation.
Here, community based organizations help in preventing as well as intervening in impending violent gang activities. They communicate and mediate with such gang members who live in the community. It also provides gang awareness education to adult members of the community and counseling programs. The component ensures cooperative working relationship among all the components by providing cultural as well as linguistic support.
The program provides gang violence prevention as well as intervention services to violent gang activities that could occur in schools. Specialized gang units are used to train school administrators, students and teachers on gang activity indicators and proper responses.
Effectiveness of GVS Program
Combined efforts of law enforcement, justice and probation institutions, community organizations and schools have produced significant results in fighting violent gangs and related crimes. According to Davis (2003) studies have shown that vertical prosecution of offenders involved in gangs and related crimes has been a very effective approach. The program has lead to reduced caseloads due to vertical prosecution; has promoted additional investigative support; and has also provided resources for supporting victims.
The program has also promoted more convictions of gang members and violent offenders. It has improved the level of commitments within the state prisons. It has provided support to the fight against narcotics crossing its borders and within the community. The law enforcement aggressively investigates tips on drug as well as gang related activity within the community.
The program helps to remove hard-core gang members who live in the community since there is intense supervision on them (Everhart
Economic Activities in Malaysia Term Paper writing essay help
The economy of Malaysia has experienced significant changes since the colonial days. These changes have been reflected in the country’s GDP. Before the country gained its independence from the British in the 1950sthe economy was oddly distributed with much of the economic activities concentrated on the western regions of the country. Most of the economic activates the include agriculture trading as well as rubber tapping.
Tin mining was also a significant economic activity in colonial Malaysia. However, the colonial government wanted to improve the economic outlook and as such expanded the countries infrastructure to open up much of the country to economic exploitation. At independence about 40% of the countries GDP consisted of only three main activities; fishing, agriculture and forestry.
The post colonial Malaysian government thus made several attempt to diversify the country economic activities and pay closer attention to the manufacturing industry which was poorly developed. Furthermore the government aimed at modernizing agriculture in efforts to boost output from this sector. These economic boosters have a direct effect on the country’s GDP with sharp fluctuations being recoded after independence.
Malaysia has experienced dramatic economic growth since the 1970s due to the government’s successful efforts to turn the county’s economy into a multi sectoral economy with a variety of peripheral economic activities being revived to stimulate the country’s economic growth.
Other than agriculture, forestry and mining which contributed at least 40% of the Malaysian GDP the country has developed its manufacturing industry as well as international trading activities boosted by the country’s prime location along the Strait of Malacca a vital sea trade root.
Furthermore the Malaysian government has successfully implemented economic stimulus policies such as the National Economic Policy in the 1970s. There were also efforts to add value to its products thus attracting lot of international business interest for manufactured its products. Some of Malaysia’s added values product that are competing in the world market include light electrical products, processed food products, simple electronic such as radios and mobile phones as well as chemicals.
The effect of such diversification of the country economy ha had an effect on the GGDP with a measured growth of about 7% in the last 20 year as well as lowering the rate of inflation significantly. The country’s GDP per capital was established at US$6,761, while the nominal GDP was established at US$191.4 billion (Economy Watch, 2011).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A cross economy analysis shows that various sectors had varying but significantly positive impact on the GDP. Malaysia’s GDP is largely dependent on the utilization of rich natural resources base. This is its primary economic sector. Due to diversification efforts, this sector has lost significantly to manufacturing as the main contributor to the GDP.
The agricultural industry has been modernized and commercialized with rice, rubber and rubber being some of the main agriculture goods cultivate for commercial purposes. Other agricultural products include Palm Oil, Coconuts, Timber and Pepper. In the years 2009 thus sector contribute 10% of the GDP. The manufacturing industry has grown significantly from the mere 13% contributor in the 1970s to input a massive 42% into the GDP in the year 2009.
Some of the countries manufactured products include natural gas, oil and chemical. Currently Malaysia is one of the leading manufactures of electrical globally. The country’s business cycle is completed by the tertiary sector that constitutes 45% of the county’s GDP. This industry include sectors such sectors as financial, banking especially Islamic banking, telecommunication as well as information technology. Malaysia is also a major tourist destination in Asia (Economy Watch, 2011).
The impressive GDP outlook was however affected towards the end of 2008 and much of 2009 due to a combination of factors. Top begin with the global recession experienced then slowed down the country’s GDP as it affected the manufacturing industry as well as the country international as well as local trade.
The rates of unemployment rose significantly in the late 2008 to 2009. This was occasioned by massive job lay offs resulting from the global economic crisis. The rate of unemployment rate rose by 5% in 2009 as compared to 3.3% in the year 2008. This means that the personal consumption expenditure was reduced. The consumption of such national goods as electronic, motor vehicle and computers reduced significantly.
This reduction of the personal consumption rate has a direct significant on the economy contributing to about 1.5% GDP decline (Ministry of Finance Malaysia, 2009; Economy Watch, 2011). The effects of the Asian financial crisis of the 1990s had a big hand in the decline of the Malaysian economy. Since the crisis bit, the Malaysian manufacturing industry was affected due to the reduced level of private investment.
This reduction in private investment mean that the country’s GDP growth rate had reduces by an average of 4% for the period beginning 2001 to 2009. This was a stark contrast to the GDP growth rate of about 8.1% in the 1990s. Overall gross private investment plummeted from the pre Asia crisis level of above 40 % to 20% in 2009 (Yin, 2011).
We will write a custom Term Paper on Economic Activities in Malaysia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Before the effects of the global recession as well as the Asians financial crisis of the 1990s began to affect Malaysia economy, the government percentage expenditure compared to the county’s GDP was held at a constant 12% up to the years 2008.
However due to these negative impacts the government had to increase its spending especially in procurement of goods and service, reimbursement to retrenched employees as well as national society by a 2 percentage point to 14% (World Bank 2011). This was intended to prevent the economy sliding further into crisis as well as moderate the economic growth.
The effect of the crises on the Malaysia manufacturing industry as well as trading activities were seen in the reduced exports especially in chemical electronic and motor vehicles. This was also influenced by a slightly increasing domestic demand for such commodities. In the last quarter of the year 2010, the demand for good and services contributed about 5% of the total GDP. This was a significant indicator that the economy was stabilizing.
The increase in domestic appetite for manufactured goods means that the Malaysian government had to increase its imports. Total imports for the year 2010 outstripped the exports contribution to the GDP by 1.5%. This was reflected in the reduction of total exports by 18.5% which meant that the contribution of exports to the GDP reduced by 1.6% for the same period (Suhamie, 2011).
The reduced exports had a negative effect of the GDP growth rate about this was as expected by the Malaysians Institute of Economic Research to grow to an average of 5.2% in 2011 from the previous 7.2% realized in the years 2010. The Malaysian economic research institute expected that this decline would have an effect on the consumer price index.
With the stabilizing economy in the year 2010 the consumer price index was recorded at 1.7%. But due to the effects of the reduced exports as well as the rise of the prices of crude as well as the increase in the cost of living the index is expected to rise to 2.8% in the year 2011. If the conditions remain the same the index is expected to hit 3.25% in the year 2012 (World Bank 2011).
As seen from the statistics above the Malaysia GDP has experienced sharp fluctuation within the last 20 years with extremes seen in the last three years. This has ad an effect in the employees with fluctuation rates experienced in the rates of employments.
In 2008 and due to the effects of the global recession the number of unemployed worker rose by 67% from about a percentage rise of 40% in 2007. Fluctuation in the rate of employment was reflected in the number of jobseeker who increased by 20% by the end of December 2008. Currently the overall unemployment rate stands at 3.50 % (World Bank 2011).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Economic Activities in Malaysia by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More All factors held constant the Malaysian economy has performed well. The government’s efforts to implement economic stimulus programs have had significant positive effects on the country’s economy. The country’s GDP has responded well to such stimulus programs registering a consistent growth rate of 7% in the last 20 years.
However, due to eternal factors such as global recession and the Asian crisis in the 1990s, the economy has gone through a period of turbulence. However the future prospect is bright and statistics show that the economy is in its paths to recovery.
Reference List Economy Watch 2011. Malaysia economic structure. Web.
Ministry of Finance Malaysia. (2009). Quarterly update on the Malaysian economy – 4th quarter 2008. Web.
Suhaimie, W. (2010). Malaysian 4Q of 2010 GDP. Web.
World Bank 2011. General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP). Web.
Yin, L. (2011). Modeling the determinants of private domestic investment in Malaysian economy. Web.
Gender Studies: Gays and Lesbians Issues in 1940’s and 1950’s Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Introduction Life for gays and lesbians has been very hard in a society where majority of people are heterosexual. It is very hard for many people to come to terms with how somebody can have an affair with another person of the same sex.
This paper will explore the struggle that gays and lesbians have gone through and especially in the 1940’s and 1950’s in order to be recognized as normal human beings and live comfortably with other people without various forms of discrimination like discrimination in places of work or in other places. The contribution of various groups for instance the community, the media and the legal system towards the gay and lesbians fight for their freedom and rights shall also be explored.
The community To discuss the community’s contribution, the stonewall riot will be used to give important insights. During this period, the community did not appreciate the presence of the gays and lesbians in its midst. Those belonging to the gay community lived this kind of life secretly and did not want to disclose their sexual orientation to anyone else for fear of stigma. This is because, these people were highly stigmatizes and discriminated against in work places and other public places. To avoid this, they thought it was wise to remain silent about their status.
Gays and lesbians have been thought to be people who are sick mentally, engage in promiscuous behavior and notorious for spreading HIV/AIDS among other myths. However, according to people who belong to this group, gays and lesbians are as normal as any other person in a heterosexual relationship.
The only difference is that they find members of the same sex more attractive and choose to start a life time relationship with them just like others do. They are neither mentally ill nor promiscuous because they carry out their relationships the way heterosexual people do and are comfortable in their gay relationships.
Also, contrary to many people’s beliefs, it is not true that those in same sex relationships do so because they have lacked someone of the opposite sex and in case they get one, they would be comfortable to move with them and abandon their gay partners. Due to the stigma that gays and lesbians suffer because of their condition, many have been unable to openly declare that they are gay.
It is not yet very clear what causes one to be in this condition but there have been claims that it could be a combination of both biological and environmental factors. To dispel some myths, for example the claims that they are psychologically ill, this group is comprised with members from all professions for example lawyers, pilots and psychologists among others.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Being a gay or a lesbian is less stigmatizing in the current world than in the past mostly in the 1940’s and 50’s. Members of this community suffered a lot because of discrimination and other forms of harsh treatment from the people and especially when they tried to come out and publicly declare their status and demand their rights as human beings.
Wright (p1) notes that the gay community sought to emancipate itself from these kind of suffering during the stonewall riot. Previously, it was normal for the police to go inside the bar that most gays frequented and arrest people but on June 27, 1969, it was not so.
The people defied orders from the police and shouted slogans to demand their liberation. Due to the commotion that had arisen because of the struggle between the police and the gay members who were resisting arrest, other people gathered and helped the gay community in fighting against the police.
They jeered at the police and mocked them while accusing them of being after money. To show mockery to them, they threw coins to them as they continued with their insults directed towards the police (Wright p1). This was just but the beginning of liberation of the gay community because what followed next were a series of demonstrations as the gays demanded for their rights. People came out in large numbers to support the gays who could not be deterred from their protests even by the police who tried to disperse them.
The media The media is a powerful tool of influence to the people because many trust the information disseminated to be the absolute truth. This is true also for the information about gays and lesbians that they disseminate. According to Wood (pg1), whether the information is true or prejudiced, it has an effect on those who access it.
The media participated greatly in fighting against the spread of gays and lesbians. In some districts where employment of the gays and lesbians was banned, the newspapers were used to publish the names of those who were arrested and accused of being gay. Details of their place of work were also given. This made it easier for the employers to know the people who were gay in their organization. This was a major blow to those arrested because if the employer saw their names, they were laid off immediately.
The media has portrayed the gays and lesbians as being the ones who are the cause for the rapid spread of dangerous diseases like HIV/AIDS. Many people have been lead to thin that the gay community is to blame for the spread of this disease. At times, this information has been inaccurate because there are a number of ways that it can be spread through and other people too have contributed to its spread.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Gender Studies: Gays and Lesbians Issues in 1940’s and 1950’s specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the current world, airing of programs with homosexual characters is not very common. In case some programs have such characters, they are portrayed in a negative manner creating a negative impression on the viewers concerning the homosexuals (Dyer pg19).
This image is usually hard to erase because this is how people will continue thinking about the homosexuals and also form stereotypes using the same information because they may never get a chance to interact with a homosexual and rectify their thinking. This shows that the society has not fully accepted these people.
The legal system The legal system participated very much in trying to do away with the gay community. Prior to the stonewall riot, the police would occasionally raid the bars where they suspected that gay people had gathered to have fun. They would then arrest some of them and also demand for money from them.
Whenever the gay people sensed that the police were around, they would hurriedly stop engaging in any activity that would suggest that they are gay because of fear of being arrested. Due to such incidents, many gay people lived under oppression and fear because they did not know their fate.
It had also been declared by the government that those who claimed to be gay were people who were mentally ill and therefore; they were taken to hospitals where they would be treated for mental illness. The government too failed to recognize that they were normal people and they were discriminated even in places of work.
During the protests that arose after an attempt by the police to arrest members of the gay community, the police were also involved in efforts to try and deter the members of this community from coming out publicly and demand for their liberation.
It never took the community long to see the fruit of their labor. By the beginning of July, talks on how a movement to fight for their rights would be formed had already started. To conclude on the talks and establish an organization, it took them close to a year after which Gay Liberation Front (GLF) was formed.
Comparison between gay community of the 1940’s and the current gay community Although the stonewall riot was there many years ago, many gays still consider it a something of great importance to them. It is seem as a symbol of liberation from years of oppression. Although there still remains a lot to be done before there is total liberation of the gay community, there have been major developments that have taken place since the stonewall riots, which was the first attempt to openly and publicly fight for the rights of gays.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Gender Studies: Gays and Lesbians Issues in 1940’s and 1950’s by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For example, in the past, one could not publicly declare that they are gay but nowadays it is possible to do that without raising a lot of suspicion from the community. To further show their pride in their sexual orientation, the gay community engage annually n what is commonly knows as the “gay pride”. During this time, the gay people come out and walk to a designated place where they hold a meeting and discuss their issues.
In the past also, those who were thought of to be gay were punished severely. The harsh treatment of the gay community was seen in the various governments’ decisions to punish even those who they suspected to be gay through simple acts like holding of hands in public between two people of the same sex. However, this has changed drastically and it is possible for the gays to enjoy such freedom like holding of hands without being punished.
In the past, it was generally hard for both gays and lesbians to economically sustain themselves but it was especially hard for women because of how the society views women in same sex relationship. It was harder for the society to accept lesbians and therefore they were majorly affected by the problem of discrimination at work or being terminated from their places of work when the employer learnt of their sexual orientation.
Although there are still problems with this kind of relationships, lesbians are much better economically because the level of stigma they used to suffer in the past has reduced and people have become more tolerant of other people so long as they are able to deliver quality work professionally.
Tolerance to the gay community has been shown by some religious groups like the Anglicans, have even ordained gay bishops and allow gay marriages. Although this has been strongly condemned by other denominations under Christianity, it shows some level of tolerance to emerging cultures compared to the 1940’s when such things were unheard of. Significant change has taken place in the gay community even in the area of religion where many are able to practice their religion just like any other person without feeling like they are the odd one out.
The legal system in many countries has also been reformed concerning its treatment towards the gay community. Such incidents of arrest that were common in the past have reduced and the gay community is able to meet in certain places for recreational purposes without interference by the police.
Conclusion Although gays and lesbians are living more comfortably these days than in the past, they still have a long way to go before they are completely assimilated in to the community and accepted as part of it. With many people condemning such acts, for example some Christians and other religions, it may be impossible for the gays and lesbians to ever achieve a state of total comfort in the society.
This is because the society still has some issues against same sex relationships with some raising moral issues like how the family unit is to be perpetuated if all people turn to gay or lesbian relationship.
The role of the media in shaping people’s attitude towards the homosexuals cannot be ignored. Acquiring either positive or negative attitude towards the homosexuals can be greatly influenced by the media, among other factors. Religion is another key factor that determines one’s view of the homosexuals, with some harshly condemning those in this community while others showing a more tolerant attitude towards them.
Works Cited Dyer, Richard. The Matter of Images: Essays on Representation. London: Routledge, 1993.
Wright, Lionel. The Stonewall Riots – 1969 — A Turning Point in the Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Liberation. Seattle : Socialist Alternative, 1999. Web.
Wood, Matthew. The Portrayal of Gays and Lesbians on TV,and How Viewers React, 1996. Web.
Poverty and Inequality in Jacksonian America Term Paper essay help
Jacksonian America is not the work of one man. Jacksonian America is not all about Andrew Jackson even if he was arguably the most influential person in this period of American history.
But without the contribution of others it would be impossible to understand the transformation of America from 1815 to 1848 (Howe, p.5). It was a major transition period from independence and Civil War. It must be made clear that Jacksonian America is complicated with many forces trying to form the nation into a democracy that was supposed to be a showcase for the whole world to see.
It is a time full of contradictions of progress and poverty. It is interesting to point out that in the midst of freedom and technological breakthroughs the forces that work on 19th century America created inequalities within society. The following is an attempt to merely scratch the surface and explain the reason why poverty and social problems were the norm rather than the exception.
Jacksonian America The fitting backdrop for Jacksonian America is none other than the American Revolution that shattered British hegemony in the New World. Without the controlling power of the British Crown the new rulers of the American continent were fittingly called American citizens. But shortly thereafter they realised that freedom and self-determination is very much different from progress and social order.
The new leaders must form a new government. This does not assure them of sustained reform that could help realise the dreams of everyone. But they have no choice but to experiment with democracy especially after their experience with being a colony under Great Britain. One of the reactions of the leaders and most especially the presidents under this period was to impose a policy of non-intervention by the federal government.
It was an experiment in governance that has its share of breakthroughs and challenges, one that is expected of fledgling nation that is also a union of different states. Needless to say the American people had to go through the valley of death and persevere against the storms that come their way in order to succeed in their task of nation building.
It was not an easy road to take. At the end of the Jacksonian era the conflict and the problems were too much to take. In addition the grand design which was known as the Union was tested severely as independent states felt that power was concentrated in the North.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Civil War that followed drastically altered the social landscape and looking back it was the defining moment for the United States of America. However, the great nation that emerged from the ashes of war could not be fully appreciated if the events and the various forces that shaped it in the Jacksonian era is left unexamined.
For the sake of simplicity this study will focus on three major forces that shaped Jacksonian America and these are political, social, and economic. These three are related, each one affecting the other. The policies created by the administration of Andrew Jackson affected the lives of many people. Historians are in agreement that, “The Jacksonian era began well before the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828 and reflects more than simply the issues and policies advocated by Jackson and his Democratic supporters” (Doutrich, p.xv).
At the same time the prevailing social forces that existed long before Jackson was sworn into office also affected the politics of the era. And there is no need to elaborate that the economy and how goods and services were created was a determining factor in the actions and decisions made in Jacksonian America.
These three forces can be easily understood by substituting terms that are more familiar. These are the Industrial Revolution, Negro Slaves, and Jacksonian Democracy. All these three combined to create a nation that has to balance between the need to build factories in the North and plantations in the South.
The factories attracted many rural folks to move to the cities. The economic engine created by landowners in the South required the use of Negro slaves. They perpetuated this mode of economic growth even if the use of humans as beasts of burden contradicted the ideals of their so-called democratic government.
The Industrial Revolution The extreme inequality that created a living hell for many American families during this particular era could not be fully understood without discussing the Industrial Revolution in the context of the United States.
The sudden proliferation of factories coupled with social and economic factors such as the decline of farm income. According to experts there are three major reasons why families left their rural abode to risk everything in the city and these are: population growth; rising property taxes; and declining farm profitability (Lehman, p.8).
We will write a custom Term Paper on Poverty and Inequality in Jacksonian America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other experts clarified this statement by saying that “The onset of the industrial revolution brought about a great shift in population, drawing people from farms into burgeoning cities (Gillham, p.25). This trend continued until there are more people in the cities as compared to those living in farms. This is the beginning of a great shift in the social structure of America (Freeman
History Journal: Bugach Khan, the son of Dirse Khan Essay essay help
According to Lewis (160), the story of Bugach Khan is amongst the various collections of customary oral narratives and poems that form Dede Korkut which is a foundational classic for the Turkish. It generally talks about the way of life in Oghuz society, one of the tribes found among the Turkish.
Basically, the tale revolves around Bugach Khan who was a legendry born out of hate and desperations. His parents were despised for not giving birth to any male child. In fact, the male children were highly valued in this society. After extraordinary prayers and treatment by the people, Dirse Khan together with his wife, Bugach was born. Ideally, Bugach Khan was a symbol of good values, cultural beliefs as well as behaviors that knitted the people of Oghuz.
Among the Oghuz people, male children were highly valued and thus, they were treated with specialty. This was clearly depicted in the kind of welcoming that was given to Bugach when he was born (Lewis pp.160). Besides, those who had male children were equally given high status in Oghuz society whereas those without male siblings were given stumpy treatment and sometimes cursed. Essentially, in a monarch society like Oghuz where sovereignty is hierarchical, a male child was a symbol of dignity and continuity.
The Oghuz people further valued animals which were not only deemed as a source of their livelihood, but also considered as a cultural symbol. All sorts of animals were slaughtered in various occasions and each symbolized the importance of an occasion. For instance, a black sheep was slaughtered for the cursed people or during special rituals to drive away bad omens (Bentley and Ziegler pp.1024). However, young male animals were slaughtered during feasts and important occasions.
Good behavior was also valued among the Oghuz people and this was eminent in the fact that individuals were expected to respect each other as well as the elderly. Just like any other society among the Turkish, anything that could cause social disorder was highly discouraged. For example, sexual Morality was highly valued in the society, and people were not allowed to misbehave with women. Moreover, sex was not allowed among young people and those who engaged in sexual acts were punished by death.
Equanimity was in addition considered imperative in the Oghuz society as people with high status were expected to show humility and kindness. In fact, they were expected to be considerate and act in ways that do not show signs of temperaments. Those in leadership positions were expected to act in restrain so as to show good examples to the rest of the society.
Any good quality that was expected of a person especially a leader was often recited in poems and phrases. Khans were expected to show humility, kindness, and considerate to their subjects (Lewis pp.160). Khans ought to be understanding and caring especially for the sick and the old.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, the phrase that was recited by Dirse Khan’s wife brought about the contrasting characters of the prince and the princes. The wife of the prince showed kindness, humility and care for the people. The princess was also forgiving and this was a trait she considered essential for her son.
Thus, the story of Bugach Khan reflects the Oghuz ways of life as all the values that were upheld by Bugach reflected those endorsed by the Oghuz society (Lewis pp.160). This story traces the origin of the Oghuz and equally teaches the good behaviors, the societal expectations, and cultural practices.
Works Cited Bentley, Jerry and Ziegler, Herbert. Traditions
O’Brien’s “The Things They Carried”: Literary Analysis college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Things They Carried: Critical Analysis and Impressions
Further Study: FAQ
Introduction The essay analyzes “The Things They Carried” by Tim O’Brien. This collection of short stories is devoted to a platoon of American soldiers who fight in the Vietnam War. The book is a powerful blend of fact and fiction that leaves the reader with a lasting impression of fear, love, and gratitude for the novel’s components. When describing the tangibles, O’Brien incorporates weight and number to force the pressures of the soldiers onto the reader.
As the plot unfolds, O’Brien moves the reader through scenes of war, telling multiple stories of love, death, and friendships combining with a narrative. More specifically, O’Brien incorporates interruptions of himself talking to us like the reader is watching a movie, and he keeps pressing pause to explain a scene that we might not have fully grasped. In this paper, a literary analysis of “The Things They Carried” will be presented to reveal the significance of the act of “listening” to its reader.
The Things They Carried: Critical Analysis and Impressions O’Brien takes the reader through a series of repeated utterances as depicted through cyclic stories of love, war, and death vividly, engaging the reader into an active session of a movie-like scene. More importantly, several pauses are encountered throughout the story, as the author tries to explain some examples which the reader may not have otherwise understood.
Throughout the book, O’Brien tells the audience about war stories, in which some instances remain doubtful about their validity. As seen from the following quote, Tim’s war story makes the reader to render it invalid when he says the stories are mere imaginations: “The thing about a story is that you dream it as you tell it, hoping that others might then dream along with you…..memory and imagination and language combine to make spirits in the head….. There is the illusion of aliveness…” (O’Brien 230).
As O’Brien reveals to the reader various scenarios telling stories of death and friendship, warfare conditions, and love relationships, he incorporates disruption of himself talking to the audience as if they are watching a film. It is the author’s complex blend of fact and fiction, which takes the reader into an in-depth understanding of the underlying implication of “The Things They Carried” short stories. The analysis shows that the novel sounds more to a narrative than the story, where every twinge is factual beyond reality.
Particularly, O’Brien engrosses the reader into an active listening-like session through his utterances of vivid description of war scenarios, making the novel more involving than just mere storytelling. As seen from the quote, “If at the end of a war story you feel uplifted, or if you feel that some small bit of rectitude has been salvaged from the larger waste…then you have been made the victim of a very old and terrible lie…” (O’Brien 68).
As has been noted, O’Brien presents severe events in fiction as a strategy to emphasize how dangerous the situation was during the time of the war. Concerning the novel’s title, the soldiers are brought out having a variety of objects and practices they carried in a foreign land they went for battle. As O’ Brien (82) utters “… It’s safe to say that in a true war story nothing is ever absolutely true… Sometimes war is beautiful, sometimes it’s horrible…” there appears to be pain and happiness in war.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Though this theme may seem confusing, it takes the reader into the inner revelation of how the soldiers were undergoing a blend of experiences in which some made them happy while others saddened them. As a result, most of the unfolding in this novel ends up engaging the reader into active listening scenarios, which facilitate a deeper understanding of the underlying issues.
As it is noted, O’Brien takes the readers through a story of his current self, which seems more a story than real experience. His frequent questioning of the definition of a “true story” and what truth implies in any story engages the reader into active sessions of listening to his utterances. At the same time, the author engages the reader into a description of the numerous deaths of his champions in a repetition manner.
For instance, O’Brien (129) describes the shape of the dead man’s eye more than five times in the previous chapters. A vivid account of the author’s remarks on various events through his repetition tendency to engage the reader into the active unfolding of his intentions to write the novel emerges as a film like presentation since it requires the close attention of his utterances. By so doing, O’Brien succeeds in engaging his audience into active sessions through his blend of literary devices to present various ideas.
Also, O’Brien seems to exaggerate in his vivid accounts of the experience the soldiers in the war. Through describing the war in various dimensions, the author leaves the readers feeling burdened with hardships and turmoil that his soldiers were undergoing, though some doubt about its actual existence remains an imminent issue to his audience.
As O’Brien (75) reveals, “…and the whole war is right there in that stare. It says everything you can’t ever say…” the warfare situation seems harsh and unbearable among the soldiers, since some end up being killed with others brutalized in various ways. Notably, the act of listening in most of the author’s utterances seems quite crucial in the sense that it provides the reader with a vivid account of the happenings presented in this novel.
While describing the tangibles, O’Brien describes the entire scenario of how each character was armed with a variety of objects as they set for the war. It is the force and the weight of the flamboyant explanation of the setting to the war by the soldiers that engage the reader into more active participation in the entire scene.
For instance, “…every third or fourth person carried a Claymore antipersonnel mine – 3.5 pounds with its firing device…they carried fragmentation of grenades – 14 ounces each…they all carried at least one M-18 colored smoke grenade – 24 ounces…” (O’Brien 7).
We will write a custom Essay on O’Brien’s “The Things They Carried”: Literary Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Quite significantly, the use of repetition in this extract seems to engross the reader into a more precise account of the actual setting of the soldiers into the war. This leaves the reader into active listening of the utterances of the author as he tries to bring into attention how much the soldiers were prepared for the war.
Conclusion This essay analyzes Tim O’Brien’s “The Things They Carried.” This collection of short stories is devoted to a platoon of American soldiers who fight in the Vietnam War. In summary, the act of listening in this book is quite crucial in the sense that it provides the reader with a more profound revelation of the utterances presented by O’Brien. More so, close following of the stories told by the author through the act of listening unveils the real nature of the scenes despite seeming like a blend of fiction and reality. On this basis, therefore, O’Brien succeeds in facilitating activeness among his audience through his use of language and various rhetorical devices to present his ideas uniquely.
Work Cited O’Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Broadway Publisher, 1998.
Is Rap Poetry? Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Rap Is Poetry
Rap Is Not Poetry
Introduction Poetry can be defined as a unique Art that is created and designed using sounds. Poetry as an Art uses sounds to create an expression of what is intended (Ntozake 1). Poetry has unique features that make it stand out as a form of Art. For example poems are popular for their application of rhyme, stress and meter (Ron 150). These features play a big role in enhancing sound patterns. The expression is thus brought out clearly when the poem is recited aloud (Randall 60). The question that arises is therefore whether the rap music is poetry.
Rap Is Poetry Just like poetry, rap music uses sound to drive the intended message home. Rap artists play with their words to produce sounds that carry the intended message (Alan56). It is therefore evident that rap uses the same process as poetry to achieve its ultimate goal.
Stanzas and verses are other features that make rap to be classified as poetry. Rap music produces its sounds in beats in a line. These lines create a verse (Jace 2). This is the same case as in poetry. The physical appearances of both genres do not bring out any difference and this leads to conclusion that rap is poetry.
Poetry is associated with lyrics as in ‘lyric poetry’ of American poets (Timpane and Watts 20). Rap just like this poetry derive song lyrics from a renowned instrument called lyre that was used by poets of ancient times (Nelson 130). Rap as music has lyrics. This usually creates rhyme.
Rap is poetry as it is composed from happenings of day to day activities (McIver 219).This resembles poetry which depicts the literature and culture of people at a given period (Jimmy 478). Poetry is a language used to express a certain idea, this is similar to rap. It tells a lot about the age and culture of the people using the message it delivers (Bertice 12).
Rap Is Not Poetry From linguistic point of view rap music is not poetry. This is because even though it looks like poetry, it takes the ill formed nature of poetry. That is, rappers usually manipulate their wordings to form a metrical pattern (Mel 43). In addition, if you take the other way round and read a poem containing blank verse will result to blank verse poetry and not a rap (Alonzo 602).
In order to create rhyme, the rap music keeps on repeating the same phrase (Perkins 1).This is especially in the mediocre rap music. Even in the so called good rap music the complex lyrics provides a single rhyme pattern which in most cases is intended to create emphasis (Language Arts Higher Standards 6).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Linguists also argue that rap does not use Standard language in terms of wording and sentence structure (Toni 3). For example they argue that Fifty Cent a rap artist pronounces ‘fifty’ as ‘fitty’. According to them ‘f’ cannot be substituted with a‘t’.
Conclusion Rap music is poetry. This is because even the points argued against it such as the non- standard use of language in rap music do not hold water. Traditional poetry employed poetic devices which is non standard form of language. In summary, rap music is poetry and the opposition given lack viable support.
Works Cited Ash, Mel. Beat Spirit: The Way of the Beat Writers as a Living Experience. Penguin, 1997.
Berry, Bertice. The Haunting of Hip Hop. Broadway Books, 2002.
Blackman, Toni. “The Influence of Rap on Spoken Word.” 2001. Web.
Clayton, Jace. “Hip-Hop’s Radical Roots.” 1999. Retrieved from https://www.infoplease.com/hip-hops-radical-roots
George, Nelson. Hip Hop America. Penguin, 1998.
We will write a custom Essay on Is Rap Poetry? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More James, Jimmy. “The History of Rap.” 2005. Web.
McIver, Denise L. Droppin’ Science: Straight-up Talk from Hip Hop’s Greatest Voices. Crown, 2002.Language Arts Higher Standards. New Haven Public Schools, 2002.
Light, Alan, ed. The Vibe History of Hip Hop. Three Rivers Press, 1999.
Padgett, Ron. Handbook of Poetic Forms. Teachers and Writers Collaborative, 1987.
Perkins, William Eric, ed. Droppin’ Science: Critical Essays on Rap Music and Hip Hop Culture. Temple University Press, 1995.
Randall, Dudley, ed. The Black Poets. Bantam, 1971.
Shange, Ntozake. Nappy Edges. St. Martin’s, 1978. 50-51.
John Timpane and Maureen Watts. Poetry for Dummies. Hungry Minds, 2001.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Is Rap Poetry? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Westbrook, Alonzo T. Hip Hoptionary: The Dictionary of Hip Hop Terminology.Broadway Books, 2002.
Undergraduate Report of Bangor University (B.U.). Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Abstract The purpose of this report is to obtain a view of the students who are already enrolled at Bangor University (B.U.). This is concerning their study experience at the University.
The findings of this study will be a useful aid in the future admission of other students. The new students would have acquired enough information concerning the study at the University.
The report will help students to understand the purpose and their presence in the University. They will obtain enough information of what is required of them in their studies. Is important for them, to have knowledge about the University in advance, this should be before their admission.
This report gives some information from three main areas: exams, presentation, and writing by asking students who are already studied for 1st year about their study experience in the University during their studies.
A questionnaire has been used in data collection as a methodology of data collection. Samples were taken randomly from the 1st year students who have completed the first year of their studies. The results are tabulated and bar graph has been used for analysis. There are some recommendations which have been made following the analyzed data.
Introduction In this report the focus is in finding out about the life at the B.U. and how the students relate to the academic life in the University. There are many areas in the University which can affect the general life and the academic life of a student.
Bangor is a great University and is found all over the city. Most parts are within and you can walk from one place to the other. Each department has a library which has a connection to it, computer equipment and the facilities and a general room. There are different halls. Some are new while others are old. Some of the halls which are old are good because they have bid rooms.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More First years must get a place and it is not unusual for 2nd and 3rd years to be able to stay in halls if they want to. All the rooms are single-roomed; some have data-points and showers whilst others have facilities common. The main site has computer rooms for the whole site, whilst the other halls have a few computers in the hall itself (Goodson and Sikes 2001).
The course is of great value even if a lot of effort is needed especially at the end of the term. Outside of lectures there are Practical work which has to be done and write up and tutorials to go through questions in smaller groups (Elgersman 2005). The exams are not too long, shorter than some of the A-level ones. Most sports are catered to, and many are more sedate ranging from Drama to Beer drinking.
The countryside has a very great aesthetic value and the snow crowns it all. This does give Bangor its only drawback: the number of hills. Though, it is a brilliant place to study (Fitzpatrick 2011).
Having have given that small detail about the University, I can say that the main reason for doing this study is to provide enough information which will be useful to the incoming students both from within the country and for the international students.
The objective of this study is to make a study on the students’ views about B.U. These are those who have at least completed their 1st year, concerning study and general life at the university. The report look at the views of the students and this information is then analyzed to get the overall view of the students about their study life at Bangor University.
Methodology of the study
This study has been done using the questionnaires. Some samples have been collected to be used in the study.
Random samples were collected from the students who have completed their 1st year of study at the University. This was a target group because being a bit new in the University, this group of students could be having keen interest in knowing more about the University hence the could in a better position to provide reliable information (Scee 2010).
We will write a custom Essay on Undergraduate Report of Bangor University (B.U.). specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The random sampling was done to avoid collection of biased data. The data collection was carried out inside the B.U. This is because most of the 1st year students reside within the University and this could make data collection much easier hence saving on the time and the cost of data collection.
Some questions were used in order to obtain accurate and reliable information. The number of the students who gave information on the questionnaire was 10 and was samples randomly (McBride 1996).
Results All the 10 students gave some general comment about the studies and life at B.U. concerning the exams, presentation and writing, general comments were good average and bad.
The number and the general response are given in form of a table in order to make an easy analysis of the general response.
The general responses to the exam, presentation and writing questions is given in the table below
Response from students in (%) exams presentation writing Good 50 70 80 Average 40 25 10 bad 10 5 10 Analysis This was analyzed using a graph as shown below.
In the exams part, about half of the students sampled feel that the exams are good. On average stand were about 40% and only few thought that exams are bad or hard. Many students sampled felt that presentations were good. About 25% thought that the presentations were average and only 5% did not like the presentations.
Many students like the writing work and very few are on average or think the writing work is not good. Comparing the exams, presentations and the writing work, many students felt that the writing work is good followed by the presentations and then the exams (Curran 1984).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Undergraduate Report of Bangor University (B.U.). by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Discussion It is evident that many students at the University do not like exams very much. They prefer writing work and presentations. This could be due to the fact that most students don’t take enough time to prepare for the exams hence developing that negative attitude towards the exams.
Hence it is very important for any student considering joining B.U. to learn to plan their time well so that they could have enough time for the exams preparation.
Presentations are liked by many students. This could be due to adequate computer facilities in the University hence the students don’t find it difficult to prepare for their presentations. This is a very important source of information for the incoming students. They don’t have to worry about the accessibility to the computer facilities because the resource is well established at the B.U.
Writing is rated very high compared to the exams and the presentations. This could be due to many reference materials which are at the University library. The new students and those purposing to come to the University should be aware of the good study materials at the University which can be utilized.
The exams, presentations and writing are the different parts in learning which all students must be involved in. Hence all the students have a part to play in striving to have a positive attitude towards learning. This information should be clear enough to all the incoming students so that they should set their attitude right from the very beginning of their studies. And this will be well reflected in the exams taken and in the assignments.
In this discussion is important to give a brief history of the university which will be a very useful piece of information for the new students at B.U.
The University of Bangor was established in the 19th century. This was meant to offer higher education in Bangor. Currently there are many students and teaching and other members of the University staff. Dr David Roberts said: “It records the highs and lows, the successes and crises, the achievements and challenges in the University’s history (Fitzpatrick 2011).
The University of Bangor has many opportunities which can be exploited by the students and the aspiring students. Academic life can be hard average or difficult to students. This will be determined by the organization of the student and time management. There are many exams, Presentations and assignments which are to be done by the students (Gyorgy 1998).
Recommendation Before coming to the University I would recommend the new students to:
Know about the student life and accommodation in the University
Be aware of the assignment deadlines and how they should meet them
Know the time they are supposed to meet their tutors and attending the lectures
Know how to deal with the exams pressure and be able to organize themselves well
To be aware of the examination schedule and how teachings are conducted
What is expected of every student concerning the academics
The history of the B.U and administration of the University
What are the major factors which lead students to have attitude towards exams
Be aware of the University location in the city and the surrounding environment (Roberts 2004).
Conclusion In conclusion we can say that the students at Bangor University have different views concerning the academic life at the University. There are those who like or dislike the exams. There are those who like the presentations more than writing the assignments. Therefore this study has been effectively done. It has shown the different aspects of academic life at Bangor University.
This information is very vital to the students who in one way or the other are considering pursuing their studies at the University. They will have a general knowledge of what they expect to see at B.U and what will be expected of them. The new students will therefore not waste any of their precious time so as to avoid a great rush in exam preparation and the pressure which cones with the exams.
For a well organized and a focused student, life at B.U can be very comfortable and the students can achieve their set goals without much struggle. B.U can provide a very suitable studying environment for both local and the international students. In case of any difficulties in the revision for the exams, students can consult the teaching staff. There is great assistance which can be offered to them hence there will be reduced negativity in studies.
Reference List Curran, M., 1984. Antiphonary of Bangor and the Early Irish Monastic Liturgy. Dublin: Irish Academic.
Elgersman, L., 2005. Black Bangor: African Americans in a Maine Community, 1880- 1950. Durham: University of New Hampshire Press.
Fitzpatrick, J., 2011. A History Based on the Life of an Academic Librarian. New York: Kindle Edition.
Goodson, I.F. and Sikes, P., 2001. Life History Research in Educational Settings: Learning from Lives. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Gyorgy, P., 1998. Academia and State Socialism: Essays on the Political History of Academic Life in. Post-1945 Hungary and East Central Europe. New York: Highland Lakes.
McBride, J., 1996. The Color of Water: A Black Man’s Tribute to His White Mother. New York: Riverhead Books.
Roberts, B., 2004. Bangor University, A study of the University. New York: Kindle Edition.
Scee, K., 2010. Bangor City on the Penobscot, a Comprehensive History of Bangor. Bangor: The History Press.
Appendix The questionnaire appeared as shown below
This questionnaire is being used to collect information for a report on the student academic experience of undergraduate students at Bangor University.
What Subject Degree are you studying at BU? ……………………………………………………….
What year of your course are you in? ……………………………………………………….
Which country do you come from? ……………………………………………………….
Part One (Exams)
How much percentage of course grade is the exams?
How many exams is there a term?
What types of exams do you do? For example: presentation or timed essay exam.
Please explain _____________________________ (please write down)
For what reasons could you fail the exams?
If you fail the exams then what happens next?
Have you ever missed an exam?
If students miss an exam what should they do?
Part Two (Presentation)
Is giving presentations necessary on this course?
How many presentations in a term?
How long is each presentation?
How important is presentations for assessment?
What kind of presentation do students do?
□in group □alone □others__________________ (please write down)
Part Three (Writing)
What types of writing is important in 1st year? □Report □ Essay □ e-mail □others ___________________(please write down)
How long are the essays in 1st year?
How often must you use your e-mail to contact your tutor? □everyday □once a week □when I have homework □others_____________________ (please write down)
How often do you have essay homework? □once a week □1-3 a month □others___________________ (please write down)
How long to complete your essay? ________________________ (please write down)
Trustee vs. Delegate Models of Representation Compare and Contrast Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Definitions and Development of the Topic There are two models advanced to explain the issue of representation. These are trustee and delegation models. A trustee model refers to a situation where people in a particular constituency choose their representative in parliament. It is a model of representative. The people entrust the person they choose with the duty of making significant decisions on their behalf.
As such, the representative acts as the trustee of the people in all their matters at both the local and national scene. He/she has a significant measure of autonomy. The elected trustee has the duty of deliberating and making decisions for the greater interest of the people while still putting the national interest first (Burke, 1996).
As such, the trustee has the mandate to make decisions on behalf of the people; he can then forego the immediate interest of his constituents in favor of the national interest. He does this bearing in mind that he is given the trusteeship because the voters believe that they collectively lack the necessary knowledge, which the trustee has. As such, they provide this power to the trustee to do it on their behalf.
On the other hand, the delegate model of representation is understood as parallel to the trustee model of representation. While it gives the trustee all the rights and the powers to make the decisions on behalf of the people, delegation sees the representative as the mouthpiece of the people.
He has no right or power to decide on his own volition (Burke, 1996). As such, this, unlike the trustee model, is a representative democracy. In this model of representation, the people only elect the delegate to represent their constituencies in the parliament.
As we understand, a delegate is a person chosen to act/speak on behalf of the people in governance, trade unions among others. From the definition of a delegate as a person speaking on behalf of another party, we learn that unlike a trustee, a delegate only says or acts according to the instructions or interest of the party he is representing. He has no autonomy like a trustee (Burke, 1996).
On the issue of closing the enormous naval base in my small constituent, bearing in mind that the presidents’ defense spending reform is aimed at creating a more up-to-date national security budget, an objective that serves the broader national interest. As a senator of this small state, therefore, acting as the trustee of the people, I will aim at supporting the president’s initiative. This decision will be because though the closure of the naval base will have a short-term negative effect on the people. Economically, I will support the president’s decision.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This I will do putting in mind that the people might not understand the long-term benefit of having an up to date national security. As such, my chances of being re-elected will be compromised. Nevertheless, with the understanding of the longtime benefit of the president’s initiative, I will embark on civic education on my constituents on the long-term interests of the president’s initiative.
Conclusion In conclusion, I decided to support the president’s initiative on the closing of military naval bases that no longer serve any crucial benefits. This is even though it may appear as a potential compromise to my re-election and that of the president.
On consultation with my party and the president, I will initiate other projects that will compensate for the loss of income caused by the closure of the naval base. This could be by setting a manufacturing plant in place of the naval base. This will bring back the people’s confidence in me as their trustee. This will also reassure my re-election and build confidence in me by my party members.
Reference Burke, E. (1996). Speech to the Electors of Bristol in the Works of the Right Honorable Edmund Burke. New York: Oxford University Press.
Military Equipments and the Technology of China in Early Modern World Research Paper custom essay help
Introduction Various developments have been seen in the chronological evolution of man. The increasing brain capacity during the past developments of man led to more ability of man to make tools that could be used for various services. It is important to realize, from the prehistoric times, that while other animals concentrated in ways of surviving in the natural world endowed with different resources, man has been in a constant struggle to shape the natural resources to suit his interest.
The need to develop defensive mechanisms by man can be traced back to the prehistoric times. Homo erectus or the “upright man” made cleavers and hand axes that were used for hunting of prey and protection against predators (Bentley
Forensic linguistics Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
Introduction Laws are a major contributor of how people behave and how they relate to each other. Our relationships with the people who live around us are molded by the existing laws.
Man’s everyday activities ranging from buying of commodities to selling of products and everything else is done and made formal through a binding law. Law can be written or oral which ever seems convenient to use by the parties involved. Some people sign contracts which are a form of law while others agree orally which itself can also be a form of law if there were people who were specifically invited to witness.
The law represents a society value system imposing both the required rights and obligations, punishing those who behave against the society will. However, to make these laws succeed and function properly; there is a language which is used (legal language) which enables the exchange of information as well as the understanding of the involved parties easier.
From an institution perspective, law can be described as a linguistic institution. Everything in law is communicated through a specific language (coded) and the concepts of understanding the law itself are coded through the same language. Almost every legal process involves the use of a language.
The legal processes indicated above ranges from proceedings in the courts to investigations conducted by the police and also to the management of prisoners. This is a clear identification that contacts through which we as people are able to communicate with other people are guided and controlled by the language. The language has to be common for the message to be understood since without a common language, people could never understand each other.
Studies investigating the relationship between law and language have been ongoing for several years now with how language is used to get the required information in solving a legal issues being a subject of major interest. It is with the increased interests that the field of forensics linguistic has been introduced to the law sector.
Forensics linguistics involves studying of a language to identify people or parties involved in a certain issue whether criminal and civil in order to solve their problem amicably without some parties being wrongly judged while others are wrongfully acquitted for crimes committed. Forensics linguistics is thus summarized as the use of language in court proceedings or legal issues either to present a case or get evidence from one party (Gibbons, 2).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is forensics linguistics? The study of languages is defined as Linguistic. It involves differentiating one language from the other. To understand the different languages, linguistics uses several techniques which include among others the phonetics, morphology and phonology.
Sometimes, each of the above techniques can require different people since they also qualify to be independent fields within linguistics (McDavid, S
The validity of Thucydides’ arguments in explaining the actions of Athens in the war Essay college essay help online
The History compiled by Thucydides as the former Athenian general who was accused of losing some of the battles and exiled from his native country remains the main source of historical records on the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens accompanied with their allies.
Though the manner of the presentation the historical data by Thucydides is affected by his Athenian background, his attempts to make his works objective allow the modern historians to evaluate the validity of the arguments provided by the various sides in the Mutilenian debate and the Melian dialogue regardless of the author’s personal views of them.
The Mytilenian debate taking place in Athens in 427 BC was focused on choosing the punishment for the revolt in the city-state of Mytilene located on the island of Lesbos. The two contradicting argumentation lines discussed by Thucydides were presented by Cleon who insisted on putting all the Mytilenian adult male population to death and Diodotus who claimed that it would be unwise and offered softer measures (Freeman 1999, 206).
Though the Diodotus’ offer was supported by the Athenians, the final remark made by Thucydides concerning the Mytilenians’ escape demonstrates that the historian did not entirely agree with the final solution (Thucydides 2011, 10).
Regardless of Thucydides’ claim that his representation of the historical data was unbiased due to his exile, certain moment in his works unveil his prior involvement into the events and a definite position concerning the Athens choices and implemented war strategies. The historian provides a detailed description of the Cleon’s argumentation line (Bolotin 1987, 22). The main arguments outlined by Cleon included the criticism of the debate in general which resulted in the delay of the punishment for the revolt.
Moreover, this speaker claimed that the minor procrastination was to the benefit of the guilty party (Thucydides 2011, 6). Another Cleon’s argument concerned the underlying causes of the Mytilenian revolt. Cleon noted that it was not even a revolt but rather planned aggression which had to be punished respectively (Freeman 1999, 206). Cleon continued that the soft punishment of the Mytilenian population will result in negative implications from the side of the rest of the Athenians’ allies.
Cleon’s argument was that the failure to punish the planned and aggressive revolt can cause the growth of revolts in other allies which would not be afraid to doubt the authority of Athens. In general, summing Cleon’s major arguments up, it can be stated that the speaker’s main claim is that the death penalty is the only possible punishment for the revolt of the ally (Bury
Ethnographic Field Notes from Starbucks Descriptive Essay essay help online
The population that appears in and around the S at 600 South 9th Street, fronting on a corner with South Street, reflects a diverse, liberal, and generally upwardly mobile and creative neighborhood. The atmosphere, literally and metaphorically, is stimulating to the senses and the intellect.
The S on South Street near the Whole Foods supermarket is in a highly advantageous position for observation. The two large supermarkets (Superfresh is the other one), the large pharmacy (CVS), the three playgrounds (Seeger, Palumbo, and Starr Gardens), the community garden, the eclectic shopping and night life of South Street itself, the mural art of Isaiah Zagar, and other attractions, all pull a wildly varying crowd of people into, and by, the coffee house.
The street itself has always been a symbolic dividing line between the Center City neighborhood and South Philadelphia. The area was historically a neighborhood where freedmen of African descent lived and worked and had a lively and comprehensive community. In fact, a historical marker notes that W. E. B. DuBois did his seminal work of sociological observation and analysis on African-Americans in this very neighborhood.
This was also a region of the city where Jewish merchants had their businesses, such as grocers. A bit farther to the south is the heart of Italian South Philly, and the Italian Market, which is now known as the 9th Street Market, to reflect the influx of Latino and Southeast Asian merchants. All this was conveyed to me by customers at the Starbucks, sometimes in rather strong terms, but is also documented in the names of the stores and the faces of the merchants themselves.
The shop itself is typical of the Starbucks franchise, benefitting from visual access both the 9th and to South. It is not very large, but has several seating options along South.
The smell is overwhelming of coffee, backed up by the scent of pastries that tempt visitors. This smell is not just a scent, but carries with it a strong punch of caffeine, according to the staff. They insist that the caffeine released when the beans are ground and tossed around during the coffee-making process is absorbed into the mucosa of the lungs, and passes into the bloodstream that way. I have had no further opportunity to follow up on this fascinating bit of amateur science.
Although the health code does not allow dogs, they are prominently in evidence right outside the shop. They are tied to the lamp posts whenever an owner stops by. This provides a whole additional panoply of behavior to observe, both of the animals and of their owners. A striking number of them were greyhounds, lovely, often skittish, and very carefully tied up.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I asked about these beautiful rescued animals and was told repeatedly that although greyhounds love nothing better than lap-sitting, they would take off and run away unsafely if allowed off the leash. They certainly managed to get into a number of conflicts, prompting their owners to race outside and disentangle the mess, apologizing profusely and evidencing all the same embarrassment that the parents of kids demonstrate when their children act out – several even inside the Starbucks.
I chose to set myself up there on a blisteringly hot day, the XX day of XXXXXXXXXXX, XXXX, between 2:30 and 5:30. The baristas were a young woman with a piercing and a young man with a tattoo. They were competent and friendly without being intrusive.
I asked the first person who seemed willing to speak to me why he was here, and he said that he had a young child at home and needed some peace and quiet to concentrate on work. His stated purpose was work, specifically trading stocks on a short-term basis.
However, the website on his screen was more relevant to a private male sexual activity than to research on the fundamentals of a company being evaluated for a stock purchase. He seemed embarrassed at being observed and I moved away promptly to avoid irritating him. Later on, he fielded several increasingly frantic phone calls from home urging him to come back and share the burden of child care.
He took these cell phone calls on loudspeaker, allowing anyone sitting next to him to hear the mother of his child pleading for some relief while he rolled his eyes or squinted at the screen of his laptop. The inconsiderateness of all these behaviors seemed to be all of a piece. He was one of many, many men coming in with a laptop and apparent work (or job-hunting) to accomplish, but the only one who behaved this way.
In fact there was one fellow, a young man with a full arm, or ”sleeve” of tattoos (which he said he had obtained on a “tattoo holiday tour” to Thailand that paid for itself in the low cost of the detailed ink work), who clearly used Starbucks as his corner office. From 2:30 to 5:30, he had what was clearly an appointed meeting with someone every 20 minutes or so.
He finished up each interaction by entering data into his laptop and then pressing SEND with evident satisfaction. He could have been anything from a spy to a sales supervisor, but he did not invite or welcome my advances, forestalling me by saying, “I have an appointment with someone now”. He was willing to talk about his tattoos, and those of his girlfriend’s, but nothing else.
We will write a custom Essay on Ethnographic Field Notes from Starbucks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Tattoos and other body modifications were common among all the customers, and a number of people made complimentary comments on other customers’ decorations. The most dramatic was a jewel anchored under the skin of a young woman’s chest, as though a tie tack had been attached to her breast bone.
Other customers approached her several times to make commentary, which she accepted with equanimity, noting, however, that although she loved the look of it, it was so painful to acquire that she would never have it re-done if it fell out. This made me a bit sick to the stomach, especially when she described having pierced her own ears at 16 when her parents did not permit her to have them done by a professional “piercer”.
The next customer with whom I was able to interact in detail was a young woman whose conversation with the barista I could overhear quite clearly. She had short hair, cut in a very current and aggressively un-pretty style, and wore glasses that are called cats-eye, according to her.
She also talked with another customer, apparently previously a complete stranger. The conversation addressed her plans for her wedding. The reception was to be at the Mask and Wig Club, by coincidence, and she found her budget stretched by the basic rental, so she was casting about for ways to save elsewhere.
She was going over all the websites she had visited in her efforts to find a wedding dress (and bridesmaids’ dresses) at a modest price, and exclaiming over the prices at J. Crew. Another woman, older and wearing a wedding ring herself, asked her whether she had investigated secondhand purchase. The bride-to-be responded that she had not done so yet, but would consider it.
She immediately performed a search on the internet, and exclaimed over the attractive results on Craigslist. The older married woman then recommended that she check out thrift shops, and recommended the Hamper Shop, the Junior League Thrift Shop, and the Bryn Mawr Hospital Thrift Shop, all of which could be accessed by train stations on the Main Line. She also recommended looking there for bridesmaids’ outfits, men’s formal wear, and funky gifts for the bridal party.
The bride thanked her delightedly and I took the opportunity to ask her whether this sort of interaction was unusual in the coffee house. She said that she had gotten gigs from the coffee house, and made friends and found dog-walking jobs there as well. She then took herself off, looking very pleased with herself, and promising the barista and the other lady that she would bring pictures after the wedding.
This brought me to 3:00 p.m. I sat and watched without attempting interaction for a while after that, noting a rapid influx of moms with kids and dads with kids, ranging from tiny toddlers to school age children. They all promised a cold drink and a sweet pastry before their next activity.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ethnographic Field Notes from Starbucks by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These activities included ballet at the Rock School, baseball at Palumbo, music lessons, martial arts, going to one of the playgrounds to play, or having a tutoring session. There were several sets of twins and one set of triplets. The moms were dressed professionally for the most part, while the dads generally were not.
A group of moms took over one table, and allowed their rather obviously adopted Asian daughters to order whatever they wanted. I approached them and asked what brought them together in what almost seemed like an official meeting. They told me that they had formed an informal mutual support group after discovering how hard it was on their daughters and on them as parents of children who looked so different from them.
They told me that they met at the children’s museum, or libraries; at other museums such as the Academy of Natural Sciences, and several nice playgrounds around the city, such as the one at Brown Street in the Art Museum area, as well as Seeger, Palumbo, Starr Gardens, or Three Bears playgrounds. Some of the moms were in pairs, suggesting that these represented two-mom households. They were not excluded or treated in any way differently from the other parents.
None of these adoptive moms were, however, very welcoming to me as an apparent non-parent. They were vague about times and locations. I inferred from this that they might have been concerned regarding child predators of any type.
I watched a 20-something woman take a text message and suddenly crumple, changing in an instant from a highly poised, very attractive person into a weeping, tear-streaked bundle of wrinkled linen, cradling her mobile device like a wounded hand. I did not feel that I was an appropriate person to approach her, in spite of her distress.
To my relief, another customer who apparently knew her well enough to sit down across from her without asking laid a hand on hers and spoke soothingly to her. I did not hear all of their conversation, but it included references to the sender of the message as an idiot, and “cold”, as well as some profanities regarding the cowardice and poor manners of ending a relationship via e-mail or SMS text message. They agreed that he might have been “fine”, but he was “ignorant”.
As the work day ended, roughly at 5:00, the numbers of customers with grocery bags from Whole Foods, Superfresh, and Essene’s all increased. There was a smell of rotisserie chicken and take-out food from some of the bags, suggesting that few of these people were cooking for themselves in the intense heat. This supposition was confirmed by repeated references to the heat and the inappropriateness of trying to cook by the customers themselves. Several spoke of grilling, with enthusiasm.
I asked several people what had been here before Starbucks, and received some strongly phrased responses. A middle-aged woman described her Jewish grandfather’s grocery business, which had been successful until “white flight” took the customers away. She also described a vibrant area with myriad small businesses and its own movie theatres, night clubs, and other venues catering to the fairly successful African-American population.
Another middle-aged of apparently Italian extraction, judging from the “Kiss Me, I’m Italian” key ring that dangled from her purse, pointed out that the Italian Market was neither Italian nor as much of a market as it once was. She was rather scornful of the recent immigrants from Central America and Southeast Asia who have populated the area. She used derogatory words to describe immigrants who did not learn to speak English promptly.
The role of this Starbucks in the life of the neighborhood was encapsulated for me in an observation of a woman tapping away at her laptop who offered to do SEO copywriting for her neighbor at the next table. They exchanged contact information, and then I asked her whether this happened often.
She said that this was the first time she had ever had the courage to promote herself and her freelance writing and editing this way. She was clearly pleased with herself, and explained SEO copywriting in detail to me. It sounds like three dimensional chess but without the fun.
As the dinner hour approached, I folded up my own tents, having exchanged contact information with at least 3 people who seemed either pleasant or useful to me in the future. The Starbucks here functions as a Commons, a town square, a pub, and all from 5:30 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.
The one thing that worried me was that there was still avid and distressed discussion of the shocking attack and rape in a neighborhood coffee shop last winter. I could not find out from either staff member whether any change of policy had resulted, but was referred to Media Relations instead.
The experience was challenging because these were all complete strangers, with no clear connection to the campus. On the other hand, it was liberating that no one knew me. I had no definite preconceptions about their origins or role in their community. People, however, behave much the same all over this area.
The neighborhood seems to have a strong presence of working mothers, stay-at-home dads, same-gender couples, people who put their ethical and political opinions in practice. I would infer that the demographics of this region of the city reflect this.
Plagiarism Definition and Effects Definition Essay essay help online: essay help online
One definition of plagiarism as offered by one web article quotes “plagiarize means to steal and pass off either ideas or words of another as one’s own. It is the use of another’s production without crediting the source and the committing of literal theft.” (What Is Plagiarism?).
Many individuals view the topic of plagiarism as basic ‘copying and pasting’, which masks the reality of such a serious and prosecutable offense. Considering the nature of how such an act is committed, it has common occurrences; a vast amount being in schools, the music industry and even the workplace.
There has been a rapid increase in the amount of plagiarism cases reported in schools recently, which is believed to have doubled compared to two years ago. The issue of cheating has caused a majority of schools to start utilizing plagiarism-detection software to catch up with students. (Williams).
Despite having such software, some very tech savvy students still manage to evade detection. The occurrence of plagiarism in schools has significant effects on Education which may include; loss of a degree or job and poor critical thinking skills. Once plagiarized work is passed on as original, the student stands a great chance to lose their degrees and in addition to that, they develop a poor ability to engage in critical thinking which is important in being an individual. (Hall)
Plagiarism in the workplace or professional plagiarism is common mainly in industries like marketing or any other that involves drawing, writing, taking pictures or just creative thinking. An example of such an incident took place at the Researcher’s place of work. The Researcher once explained a method of solution to her boss; her boss then relayed the information to her immediate superior and took credit for it. In other words, this incident adequately defines the topic of plagiarism.
Plagiarism in Music probably has the second highest number of occurrences behind Education. There have been numerous reports of celeb singers who have been accused of and prosecuted for plagiarism in their music. Lady Gaga who is a very popular pop singer was recently accused for plagiarism in her new hit single ‘Judas’ by singer/songwriter Rebecca Francesscatti. Francesscatti claims Gaga copied portions from her music and is now seeking recognition for her creation and an undisclosed amount in damages. (Lund)
Whether intentional or unintentional, ‘Plagiarism’ is a prosecutable crime which occurs often in varying environments. As the saying goes “prevention is better than cure”, it is better to try and prevent committing such an act than to deal with the consequences. There are a number of measures one may take to prevent plagiarism.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For individuals particularly involved in education, it is imperative that you know how to paraphrase, quote and cite sources properly. Once you know how to do that, you have significantly lowered your chances of such occurrences. In addition to that, there is a vast amount of software that helps you to correctly cite your sources and check for plagiarism. Furthermore, the Researcher believes that once an individual understands the concept of plagiarism and how unethical it is, they will try harder to produce an original paper.
Works Cited Hall, Shane. “Effects of Plagiarism on Education” ehow.com. n.d. Web.
Lund, Anthony. “Lady Gaga Faces Judas Plagiarism Claims”. Musicrooms. 2011. Web.
What Is Plagiarism? Plagiarism.org. n.d. Web.
Williams, Rachel. “Internet Plagiarism Rising in Schools”. guardian.co.uk. 2010. Web.
Pros and Cons of Universal Health Care Provision in the United States Research Paper college essay help near me
Introduction Universal health care refers to the provision of health care services by a government to all its citizens (insurancespecialists.com).Such a health care coverage means that each citizen is able to access health care services which are of standard quality. In the United States, about 25% of its citizens are provided with such a service funded by a government. These citizens mainly comprise the elderly, the armed forces personnel and the poor (insurancespecialists.com).
In many western countries like Russia, Canada and some countries in South America and Western Europe, the governments provide universal health care programs to all the citizens. In the United States, the segments of the society which do not receive health care services provided by the government usually pay for their health care coverage. This has emerged as a challenge especially to the middle class citizens.
The issue of universal health care provision in the United States is therefore a debatable one. There are those who support it and those who are opposed to it. This assignment is a discussion of the topic. It starts with a thesis statement, then a discussion of the advantages of universal health care provision, its disadvantages and a conclusion, which restates the thesis and the argument behind it.
Thesis Statement The government of United States of America should provide universal health care services to its citizens because health care is a basic necessity to every citizen, regardless of age, sex, race, religion, and socio-economic status.
Discussion Pros of provision of universal health care
The provision of universal health care services would ensure that doctors and all medical practitioners focus their attention only on treating the patients, unlike in the current system, where doctors and medical practitioners sped a lot of time pursuing issues of health care insurance for their patients, which is sometimes associated with malpractice and violation of medical ethics especially in cases where the patient is unable to adequately pay for his or her health care bills (balancedpolitics.org).
The provision of universal health care services would also make health care service provision in the United States more efficient and effective. In the current system in which each citizen pays for his or her health care, there is a lot of inefficiency, brought about by the bureaucratic nature of the public health care sector (balancedpolitics.org).
Universal health care would also promote preventive health care, which is crucial in reducing deaths as well as illness deterioration. The current health care system in the United States is prohibitive of preventive health care, which makes many citizens to wait until their illness reach critical conditions due to the high costs of going for general medical check-ups. The cost of treating patients with advanced illnesses is not only expensive to the patients and the government but also leads to deaths which are preventable (balancedpolitics.org).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The provision of universal health care services would be a worthy undertaking, especially due to the increased number of uninsured citizens, which currently stands at about 45 million (balancedpolitics.org).
The provision of universal health care services would therefore promote access to health care services to as many citizens as possible, which would reduce suffering and deaths of citizens who cannot cater for their health insurance. As I mentioned in the thesis, health care is a basic necessity to all citizens and therefore providing health care services to all would reduce inequality in the service access.
Universal health care would also come at a time when health care has become seemingly unaffordable for many middle income level citizens and business men in the United States. This has created a nation of inequality, which is unfair because every citizen pays tax, which should be used by the government to provide affordable basic services like health care. It should be mentioned here that the primary role of any government is to protect its citizens, among other things, from illness and disease (Shi and Singh 188).
Lastly not the least, the provision of universal health care in the United States would work for the benefit of the country and especially the doctors because it would create a centralized information centre, with database of all cases of illnesses, diseases and their occurrence and frequency. This would make it easier to diagnose patients, especially to identify any new strain of a disease, which would further help in coming up with adequate medication for such new illness or disease (balancedpolitics.org).
Cons of provision of universal health care
One argument against the provision of universal health care in the United States is that such a policy would require enormous spending in terms of taxes to cater for the services in a universal manner. Since health care does not generate extra revenue, it would mean that the government would either be forced to cut budgetary allocations for other crucial sectors of general public concern like defense and education, or increase the taxes levied on the citizens, thus becoming an extra burden to the same citizens (balancedpolitics.org).
Another argument against the provision of universal health care services is that health care provision is a complex undertaking, involving varying interests, likes and preferences.
The argument that providing universal health care would do away with the bureaucratic inefficiency does not seem to be realistic because centralizing the health care sector would actually increase the bureaucracy, leading to further inefficiencies, especially due to the enormous number of clientele to be served. Furthermore, it would lead to lose of business for the insurance providers as well as the private health care practitioners, majority of whom serve the middle income citizens (balancedpolitics.org).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Pros and Cons of Universal Health Care Provision in the United States specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Arguably, the debate for the provision of universal health care can be seen as addressing a problem which is either not present, or negligible. This is because there are adequate options for each citizen to access health care services. Apart from the government hospitals, the private hospitals funded by non-governmental organizations provide health care to those citizens who are not under any medical cover (balancedpolitics.org).
Universal health care provision would lead to corruption and rent seeking behavior among policy makers. Since the services would be for all, and may sometimes be limited, corruption may set in making the medical practitioners even more corrupt than they are because of increased demand of the services. This may further lead to deterioration of the very health care sector the policy would be aiming at boosting through such a policy.
The provision of universal health care would limit the freedom of the US citizens to choose which health care program is best for them. It is important to underscore that the United States, being a capitalist economy is composed of people of varying financial abilities.
The provision of universal health care would therefore lower the patients’ flexibility in terms of how, when and where to access health care services and why. This is because such a policy would throw many private practitioners out of business, thus forcing virtually all citizens to fit in the governments’ health care program, which may not be good for everyone (Niles 293).
Lastly not the least, the provision of universal health care would be unfair to those citizens who live healthy lifestyles so as to avoid lifestyle diseases like obesity and lung cancer, which are very common in America. Many of the people suffering from obesity suffer due to their negligence or ignorance of health care advice provided by the government and other health care providers. Such a policy would therefore seem to unfairly punish those citizens who practice good health lifestyles, at the expense of the ignorant (Niles 293).
Conclusion After discussing the pros and cons of universal health care provision in the United States, I restate my thesis that “The government of United States of America should provide universal health care to its citizens because health care is a basic necessity to every citizen, regardless of age, sex, race, religion, and socio economic status”, and argue that even though there are arguments against the provision of universal health care, such arguments, though valid, are not based on the guiding principle of that health care is a basic necessity to all citizens of the United States.
The arguments are also based on capitalistic way of thinking, which is not sensitive to the plight of many citizens who are not able to pay for their insurance health care cover.
The idea of providing universal health care to Americans would therefore save many deaths and unnecessary suffering by many citizens. Equally important to mention is the fact that such a policy may be described as a win win policy both for the rich and the poor or middle class citizens because it would not in any way negatively affect the rich, because as long as they have money, they would still be able to customize their health care through the employment family or personal doctors as the poor and the middle class go for the universal health care services.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Pros and Cons of Universal Health Care Provision in the United States by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Balanced politics. “Should the Government Provide Free Universal Health Care for All Americans?” Balanced politics: universal health. Web. Balanced politics.org. 8 august https://www.balancedpolitics.org/universal_health_care.htm
Insurance specialists. “Growing Support for Universal Health Care”. Insurance information portal. Web. Insurance specialists.com 8 august 2011. https://insurancespecialists.com/
Niles, Nancy. Basics of the U.S. Health Care System. Sudbury, MA: Jones
Climate Change Definition and Description Cause and Effect Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Definition and descriptions
Causes of climate change
Examples of phenomena
What scientists say and latest research suggest
Introduction The weather patterns have changed over time. Scientists have revealed that the earth is in danger and action must be taken quickly. This is due to the impacts of climate change. Climate change may have different causes where some may be natural while others are manmade (Lambeck, 2010, p. 2). This essay will define and describe climate change. It will give examples and then state what research and scientists say. It will also give the international agreements on climate change.
Definition and descriptions According to the Climate Fact Sheet (2010, p. 1), climate change is long-standing variation in climate of an area or globe. The wind patterns, the temperature and the amount of rainfall are used to determine the changes in temperature. Moreover, variations in climate patterns are also climate change although the regular weather conditions are similar. The two periods must have a clear shift that is noticeable. Usually, the atmosphere changes in a way that the energy of the sun absorbed by the atmosphere as well as the surface is different from the previous time.
The United Nations (1992, p. 3) defines climate change as alteration of the climate that has been triggered by human doings that interferes with the constituents of the atmosphere when combined with the natural changes while considering the two different periods.
Causes of climate change Lambeck (2010) argues that the climate changes naturally. Historically, the sunlight intensity that gets to the earth varies hence it makes the earth to have cycles that are warm and others cool in a regular manner. The earth has been in a warm cycle for an extended period.
Ocean currents are also believed to cause climate change. This is so because they can interfere with the warmth of the earth and rainfall. Volcanic eruptions are also causes of climate change. Volcanic eruptions that are very large can amplify the amount of particles in the atmosphere and block the sun.
Another cause of climate change is the alterations in the atmosphere. The temperatures have been altered. The greenhouse gas may be challenging to support the plants and the animals as well as the human beings. The Climate Fact Sheet (2010, p. 1) notes that human beings are responsible for climate change. The earth’s surface has experienced changes and the ozone layer affected as a result of human beings activities. They have also led to the release of the greenhouse gases that contaminate the atmosphere.
There is an increase of the greenhouse gases that have contributed to the warming of the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases bring imbalance in the atmosphere. Emissions by the motor vehicles, charcoal burning, production of electricity, industrial emissions and the fossils that are burnt pollute the atmosphere. Another cause is disposal of garbage. Rainfall water that directs the garbage to the sea contaminates the sea waters hence the marine life may die as a result.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Examples of phenomena The Middle East has been affected by climate changes. This is evident in the recent droughts that have been experienced. The region has also experienced floods in some coastal urban areas and affected farming practices in the countryside. The population in the Middle East is large and many habitats depend on the climate as many of them practice farming.
Change in climate exposes many to unemployment and stagnation in economic development. Tourism and agriculture largely depend on the climate. When the sea levels rise ports may be abandoned and many people become landless. The region has water scarcity.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has also been affected by climate change. This region has seen rising sea levels along the coast. It has experienced irregular rainfall patterns and temperature changes. Sections of it are also dry land and require policies that will enable it tap and preserve its natural resources.
Due to climate changes UAE may have inland migration. Moreover, the mangrove forest will be negatively affected. At the sea, the grass produced will be reduced as the coral reefs become bleached. Additionally, the fish in the sea might become degraded. In the inland, the range of biodiversity may become diminished as other ecosystems become displaced. The areas that are arid may become larger while the ecosystem in the forest and mountain become extinct as some of them are affected by high temperatures.
What scientists say and latest research suggest In line with Lambeck (2010), the changes can be severe and affect a state’s economic, social and political trends. Climate change in rise of temperature will affect the wind patterns and consequently the amount of rainfall will be affected. Unpredictable weather will be very frequent as some of the weather events will be ruthless. The scientists also believe that reduction in the emission of green house gases will significantly lessen the adverse effects of climate change. They also note that failure to take action to save the world will lead to the worst.
The earth’s sea levels may increase due to the melting of glaciers and the ice; hence the coastal regions will eventually become flooded. As a result, the ecosystem may be unable to survive in changing weather and some of them become extinct since they may not be able to survive.
Scientist have not formed consensus on whether the effects of the climate change will get worse or will improve. Similarly predicting the changes in the rainfall patterns and other natural phenomena is challenging as the process is complicated and may require more investigations.
We will write a custom Essay on Climate Change Definition and Description specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Scientists have all agreed that the climate is unpredictable. However, a consensus on how the climate change will differ in the future has not been reached. They have made it clear that the earth’s temperature has increased hence the name global warming. The scientists blame human being’s activities for the changes in the climate.
Such activities have intern made the sea levels to rise and the ozone layer to be affected. Consequently, the earth is endangered. Due to climate change, the ozone layer has been affected. The ozone layer that protects the earth is very thin and care must be taken because the consequences of a destroyed ozone layer are very severe. The earth’s species are endangered.
The marine life for instance may be overcome by the pollution on the water. Other findings reveal that the industrial revolution on the earth led to large amounts of greenhouse gases to be released in the atmosphere. Thus the imbalance is created by human beings. Fossil fuels make contributions to global warming (Lambeck, 2010).
The changes in climate are responsible for the spread of the desert. Populations migrate to the forest and are involved in deforestation. Plants are yield is deteriorated since rainfall patterns change and the quantities have been reduced and in other cases there are floods.
International agreements Regions that have been affected by climate change are countless hence the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change suggested measures that can be followed to curb the problem of climate change (United Nations, 1992, p. 2). All states are required to agree with that the world is in danger of climate change and comply with the rules.
Activities that lead to emission of green house gases are discouraged. The ozone layer must be protected for the survival of human beings both in the present and in the future. Natural reservoirs of the earth must be preserved such as trees, animals and generally the environment.
Continuers’ research will be undertaken to investigate the climate changes. This will be supported by the individual states as well as international organizations such as World Bank. The support may be informed of infrastructure through investments, development of knowledge as in research and formulation and implementation of policies that encourage protection against climate change.
Human activities must be controlled in a manner that will not interfere with the climate. The developed countries are required to be in the fore front to put measures that protect the system. As they create the environment for development, the states must reduce on waste, avoid pollution and minimize the greenhouse gases. Besides people must be ready to adapt to changes that cannot be reversed after the climate has began changing. For instance the sea ecosystem must be protected. The population can adapt irrigation for agriculture.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Climate Change Definition and Description by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The causes and effects of climate change should be taught to the young generation. They should be involved in the pursuit for a better future as they are going to live in the future. Policies need to be formulated and adopted to reduce the consequences of climate change. Different regions may have different problems hence different approaches that will solve the problem must be sort.
Conclusion Climate change is the variation of the climate in an area. Climate change happens naturally and has also been as a result of human beings activities. The climate changes naturally after long periods of time and the current problems are increased by human activities. The increased greenhouse gases have caused the earth’s temperature to rise. Consequently, the ice is melting and the water at the sea level is rising.
The coast is in danger of flooding which will lead to landlessness and loss of property. The inlands are affected too and the plants and animals in danger of becoming extinct. In agriculture there is little yield with changed patterns of rainfall. There are many regions that affected among them United Arab Emirates and the Middle East. The scientists and research findings reveal that the human activities have largely contributed to the climate change.
Actions taken to protect climate change may lead to positive change while neglecting t e climate changes may lead to end of the planet. The international agreements encourage people to conserve the environment and to adapt to the changes according to situation. Moreover, research is emphasized. It is recommended that the climate change, its consequences and how it is can be prevented be taught in school. More policies need to adopt to alleviate the consequences and save the earth.
Reference List Climate Fact Sheet. (2010). Facts about climate change. Web.
Lambeck, K. (2010). The science of climate change. Retrieved from https://www.science.org.au/
United Nations. (1992). United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Retrieved from https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/conveng.pdf
Child Abuse: A case for Imposing Harsher Punishments to Child Abusers Research Paper essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
A case for Harsher Punishments
Demerit of Harsh Punishment
Introduction Children are very important since they represent the community’s hopes, ambitions and its future. As such, they are cherished and most parents try to provide a quality life for them. Even so, some live lives full of hurt as a result of child abuse which is one of the most heinous crimes.
This crime sometimes leads to children being traumatized for life or physically damaged. It is therefore of great importance to stop it from happening. In an attempt to stop this abuse, forms of punishment have been devised for retribution and deterrence purposes. This paper will argue that harsher punishment should be imposed for perpetrators of child abuse. The paper will reinforce this proposition by delving into the merits of harsher punishments.
A case for Harsher Punishments The most desirable function of any form of punishment is deterrence. The ideal situation is one where punishments do not have to be executed since their presence causes people to abide by the rules. Harsh punishments provide deterrence since they invoke fear to anyone who intends to engage in this despicable act (Hoffmann-Engl, 2006).
For example, giving child abusers harsh punishments such as a life sentence will act as deterrence to people who can easily afford to pay the fines imposed. As such, future offenders would be forced to think twice about the results of their acts.
Harsh punishments also have the advantage of protecting the society from child abusers. Cunningham (1999) reveals that child abusers display high levels of impulsivity and aggression.
These are attributes that are undesirable and if such persons are given modest punishments such as community service or short prison terms, they will reenter society and continue harming children. By giving long prison sentences or even imposing capital punishments on such offenders, the society will be protected from these child abusers who would reenter society sooner if punishments were lenient.
Demerit of Harsh Punishment While harsh punishments appear to offer a solution to the problem, this measure may be detrimental to the welfare of the child in the case where the abuser is its guardian. DfES (2003) reveals that many cases abuses are committed not by strangers but by the people who are closest to the children.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Imposing harsh punishments on these perpetrators will therefore leave the child without a guardian. Children may therefore end up suffering more as a result of the harsh punishments than they would if the punishment were more lenient. While this may be true, leaving the child at the mercy of the abuse just because they provide for its basic needs is the greater wrong. As such, harsh punishments should be imposed at the same time taking care to ensure that the child is provided for after the abuser has been imprisoned.
Conclusion This paper has argued that imposition of harsher punishments for child abuse criminals has many advantages and therefore, it should be implemented by our justice system. It has been articulated that through harsh penalties, retribution is served for crimes committed and the offenders are put away from the society for a long time.
In addition to this, harsh penalties acts as deterrence to would be offenders since an example is made of those who have already been convicted. By imposing harsh punishment, our society can mitigate or even completely get rid of child abusers therefore guarantying a good life for the children.
References Cunningham, A.L. (1999). Suggested Punishment For Child Molesters Based Upon Victim`s Relationship to the Experimenter. Web.
DfES, 2003, Every Child Matters. UK Government Green Paper, Cm 5860. London, HMSO.
Hoffmann-Engl, L. (2006). A Probabilistic Model on Child Abuse. Chameleon Group.
The Role of E-commerce in the Marketing Essay college admissions essay help
In starting an E-commerce business the most appropriate marketing strategy would be the segmentation marketing strategy that involves choosing a specific target market. This would be suitable since a person can channel most of his resources in an identified group.
A segmentation market strategy is also advantageous as the marker can bank on the competitive advantage he processes against a competitor. Through segmentation, a business can realize maximum profit from its services and identification of particular segments a segmentation marketing strategy also gives the marketer a chance to adapt and incorporate different customers’ needs and requirements into the services they offer.
This will enable production of quality services at an attractive price since the marketer shall have identified the highest source of income / value to fetch in a particular segment. The issue of cost obviously comes into play when dealing with both marketing and social networking strategies. The cost of the type of marketing strategy chosen is directly proportional to the cost of networking used. The capital available directly dictates the success rate of the strategies chosen. (Restrepo 1)
The following need is essential in launching the E-commerce business. They include establishment of a website that will describe all the essential features of your business, what kind of services the business offers, its major objectives and the target group. Prior research and knowledge of you competitors business is also very important.
The product must be well illustrated using diagrams for better consumer understanding. Coming up with a detailed and efficient business plan regarding the operations of the business is also very important. Software that will prevent hacking and seeking information through illegal means should be acquired to prevent piracy and web theft. Understanding the language used in e-commerce is very important. These languages and words are referred to as e-commerce glossary (Pablo 3)
In establishing a first step mover advantage in a foreign country of a person’s choice, the following steps need to be followed. The first step is segment identification. Knowledge of the segment variable is very important in segment identification.
The segment variables comprises of three important features which are personal characteristics, benefits sought and behavioral measures, personal characteristics involves knowledge of the customers distribution in terms of Geography, their personal lifestyle, their population and personal attributes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This will enable a marketer to know the consumers need enabling him to adapt to various marketing styles. Benefits sought by the customer or consumer will be very important in determination of quality and style.
This will also enable a newcomer in a business to have added advantage in a foreign country. The third segment variable is behavior measures. All matters relating to attitudes of a consumer, buying patterns, loyalty to a particular product or service, shall be useful for a newcomer in a country to have first advantage (Restrepo 1)
The second stage is the kind of technique that will be used. The segmentation technique that will be used will be very important in the foreign country as it will affect how the customers receive the services or products you offer. Poor technique will fail as it may not be common or appropriate in the foreign country (Restrepo 1).
The third stage of that can be used developing of a specific mechanism to satisfy the needs of consumers and being at par with the market conditions. This involves knowledge of fellow competitors and the current standards of the service or product in the market. Satisfaction of needs will also include developing counter measures to sensor competitors moves or to rival a competitor’s performance in service or product. This will also give a newcomer added advantage in a new country.
Works Cited Pablo, Jeblo. E-Commerce White Paper: Launching Your e-Commerce Business, 2011.1-2. Electronic
Restrepo, Jorge. Segmentation – Targeting – Positioning, eurekafacts. 2008. 2. Electronic.
Carols Leadership Style: Unique and Appealing Demeanor Essay online essay help: online essay help
Carols who is a leader was interviewed in this case. He appeared to exhibit so many qualities that are ideal for a good leader in the modern world. His leadership style is mostly characterized by his ability to influence other people. He has a unique and appealing demeanor that makes others want to get associated with him and belief what he says.
Indeed, his charismatic attribute makes his leadership very effective since he can easily mobilize other people to participate in a certain activity or project. This is typically enhanced by his strong communication skills and style. Carols speaks with authority and confidence, and in a manner that makes his audience feel entertained. Such qualities draw a big following to his leadership, hence making it a success (Glanz 56).
The other leadership style that is strongly exhibited by carols is that he believes in and practices democracy. As such, he likes it when seeing everyone who is involved in a particular activity playing a participative role. He gives his subjects freedom to make decisions and recognizes their opinions concerning what they are undertaking. This is contrary to some leaders who issues commandeering directions without being questioned.
His policy is that a consensus must be sought before a particular decision is reached. That notwithstanding, he is forced to make decisions on his own when a debacles come up, to pave the way forward. What is most interesting with this style is that he manages to eliminate rebellions and discontent amongst his subjects, as they feel valued and part of the team. He gives all the participants an opportunity to air their views concerning the prevailing matters hence motivating them (Kippenberger 36).
Carols is a leader who is full of vision and dreams, and believes in sharing them with other people. He always likes inspiring other people, and giving hope and direction in what they are doing. He keeps on reminding his subjects to persistently work hard and set personal goals and ensure that they achieve them. It is no wander many other people seeks his input wherever they are in problems. He seems down to earth and people do no fear approaching him for whatever reason (Kippenberger 36).
Carols has held managerial position in his work place for close to five year. It is here that he acquired most of his leadership qualities. As a manager, he has led his subordinates in a democratic manner, where all the members of a particular team play part in decision-making.
According to him, empowering the employees creates confidence in them, hence improving their productivity. In addition, he appears to have acquired his charisma and influential character from his role as a manager in a challenging environment. He is reported to have easily rallied workers behind his back whenever he proposed an idea (Kippenberger 36).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Carols uses different conflict management styles depending on the situation. Notwithstanding, he notably uses compromising management style, and uses others such as competing only as a last resort. He is kind of a leader who believes that ‘better halve a solution than none at all’.
When faced with a very difficult conflicting situation, for instance when the workers results to a go slow because of low salaries, he seeks a solution that will leave all the party’s interests satisfied at a compromising ground. When the workers are extremely adamant on something that cannot result to a compromise on his part, he opts for competing style (Glanz 56).
Carols advises those who aspire to become good leaders to start building on their personal attributes that enhances leadership. He is quick to point out that aspiring leaders should learn to rally people behind them, besides exercising on good conflict management strategies. He adds that good leaders especially in the modern word should learn to involve their subjects in decision making rather than commandeering on them (Glanz 56).
Works Cited Glanz, Jeffrey. Finding your leadership style: a guide for educators. New York: ASCD, 2002. 56. Print
Kippenberger, Tony. Leadership Styles. NewYork: Wiley
Market Matters: Ethnography of the 9th Street Italian Market Term Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The different societies that evolve around the world differ distinctively from each other. Most of these differences persist to date. Apart from the more evident cultural diversity that exist between people, such as their dressing codes, their language and even traditions, there are also marked differences in the way societies structure themselves, in their shared formation of ethics and also in the way they interact with the environment (Hughes 32).
I choose to carry out my ethnography in the neighborhood of the 9th street and especially the Italian market. This study aims at looking at the cultural diversity and the social interaction of the community that live there.
From the large pharmacies, supermarkets play grounds, the community garden, the various eateries, and coffee shops, the artistic paintings, all acts together in attracting people from all occupations there. This, therefore, provides a good chance of observing the ways of life of people from different social backgrounds, and as they go about their daily businesses.
The population that lives in this area indicates a liberal, creative, and an upwardly mobile community. The ambiance is literally exciting to the senses and the mind. I collected most of my data from observation, but I also interacted with a few people, who helped me in supplementing my information.
Background The 9th street at the 600 south of Philadelphia is a common street in the area because of the many opportunities it offers to the people around it. From big supermarkets like Super Fresh Supermarket, food courts, coffee shops, pharmacies and different types of recreational facilities, it acts as a one-stop shop centre for the people living in the neighborhood.
The street has for long acted as the dividing line between South Philadelphia and the City centre. This region was historically, acted as an area where the freed African prisoners worked and lived and formed an all-encompassing community.
It also served as a place where the Jewish business people met to conduct their businesses and for social gatherings, which is still the case today as the market is commonly composed of Asian business people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is also one of the largest markets in the town, the Italian Market, commonly referred to as the 9th street market. It is among the oldest markets in the country and was started in the late 1800 and it still operational to date. It is a famous place for neighborhood shopping due to its diverse ethnic eateries, and for its magnetism to visitors from different parts of the world (Ivory, 24).
As the number of businesses increased, the area came to be known as the Italian market. Due to lack of refrigeration facilities in most homes, it was therefore essential for the people to buy their food supplies daily.
The market therefore, offered a centralized and convenient place for the locals to get not only their food products but also other things like household goods and clothing. As times changed, so did the market to accommodate the ever increasing tastes and preferences of the communities and it continued to grow steadily.
Today it has grown to include big supermarkets, pharmacies, departmental stores, eateries and even play grounds. The sidewalks are usually busy during the day with shoppers and at night with diners, as the numerous quality eateries fill up with customers from near and far.
Even though frequented mostly by people from around, it is still one of the most popular destinations for tourists in Philadelphia. Most of the earlier stores are still there having withstood the tests of time, the carts still have wheels on them with canvas over hangings to protect the seller’s from rain and sun, and the side streets are still covered with corrugated roofs. Politicians still come to address their followers on the sidewalks during elections and most celebrities still go to the numerous stores to shop.
Observational Data I choose to carry out my study on a sunny afternoon from 2.30 Pm to 5.30 because that is the best time that most people go shopping there. As I walk towards the street, I met with the strong and sweet smell of freshly brewed coffee, and baked pastries, which tempt me to inside and have some.
Dogs are a common sight and they can often be seen strolling with their owners, despite the fact that the health code in this area does not allow such things. They are usually tied up to lampposts whenever their owners want to shop, and this too provides a good opportunity to observe the behaviors of both the dogs and their owners.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Market Matters: Ethnography of the 9th Street Italian Market specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Tattoos were also a common feature among most customers especially the young ones. This was usual in this neighborhood and in fact, most people complimented each other’s tattoos and other body decorations. There was a particular young man who had almost his body covered in tattoos, which he told me he had got from a holiday tour of tattoos in Thailand.
Most of the people here also seemed to have open offices from where they worked. It seems all was required was a laptop for the said work or for job hunting. There was this ever-busy man, who seemed to have an open office at the star bucks, which he totally declined to talk to me about. He continually thwarted my advances to talk to him by telling me that he had an appointment with another client.
I could see several customers streaming to where he was seated after every 20 minutes, where he listened to them while typing on his computer after which he would press the send key with obvious gratification and wait for his next customer. For all I know, he could have been anything from a businessperson or even a spy. Thrilled and even offered to explain to me what SEO copywriting was all about but it sounded very technical to me.
At around 3.30 pm, there was a huge inflow of mothers and fathers with their kids strolling in. The parents were here to bring their kids to participate in the different activities that take place here. The activities involved such things as baseball, ballet, martial arts, and tutorial lessons on different subjects.
At around four, a group of women came and occupied a full table, allowing their obviously pampered adopted Asian children to order what they wanted from the menus. I concluded that these might be some of the elite homemakers from the neighborhood who had come together to gossip.
However, from the way they talked, theirs looked like an official meeting and I therefore, decided to go there and find more about them. They told me that they were there for a formal meeting concerning their group. They had started a mutual support group for them and their children after discovering how difficult it was for their children and on them as parents whose skin color did not match those of their children, from the fact that they were adopted.
Some of the mothers were in pairs, indicating that some of them came from households with two mothers or from same sex relationships. Nonetheless, they were not discriminated against. However, none of these mothers was very comfortable with my presence there may be because I was not a parent. They were also not so willing to disclose much on the times and locations that they normally hold their meetings, and I deducted from their reluctance that they were probably concerned about their children’s safety.
As the day ended at around 5.00 pm, there were large numbers of people carrying grocery bags from some of the supermarkets and a grocery store, indicating it was almost time for preparing dinner. There was also the smell of take away foods from some of those bags, an indication that some of those people preferred to buy ready to eat foods rather than cooking. The people here however, do not go home that early. The market serves as a pub, a commons place, and a town square among other things and closes at around 9.30 pm.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Market Matters: Ethnography of the 9th Street Italian Market by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Though most people were friendly and looked harmless, the one thing that frightened me was the stories on rapes and other attacks, which happened at the neighborhood’s coffee shop the previous winter, which is still freshly etched on the minds of the people here. I tried to get some remarks from the employees at the coffee shop, but they were rather reluctant and instead referred me to the Media relations department.
Before I left, I enquired from the people what was there before the market and got different answers from different respondents. According to a middle-aged woman, his grandfather used to own a grocery shop in the market, which was doing well in those days before other business persons came and took away all their customers.
She also said that the place was once a vibrant area with a variety of small scale businesses, with its own places for social gatherings like night clubs, movie theatres among other things which all catered for the relatively well to do African-American community around there.
According to one old day, the 9th street market was not much of a good a market today as it was before. She was also rather unhappy with the recent influx of immigrants from Southeast Asia and Central America, whom she said were overpopulating the area and making it unattractive.
Findings From the information I gathered, I found out that the area is mostly made up of working mothers and stay at home dads. There were also many marriages and couples of the same gender. The women also, dressed more formally compared to the men who dressed casually.
This could be attributed to the fact that most of the women are working while most of the men stayed at home with the children. The market is largely made up of Asian merchandise. This is due to the increased inflow of immigrants of the Asian and Latino origin and merchandise from the South East into the area. Most people also use their laptops as their offices.
Conclusion I must say that I really enjoyed my day studying then S Street neighborhood and especially the market. The experience was exhilarating but a bit challenging from the fact that, all the people were strangers to me and not connected to me in any way or from my campus.
On the other hand, it was also comforting that no one knew me there so, I did not feel like I was being watched too, which helped me to carry out my work freely.. Though I did not have any preconceptions on their way of life or their behaviors as a community, I however learned that people all over the world behave pretty much in the same way.
Before I started interviewing the people, I felt a lot like a researcher and I was not very comfortable with that. I was watching everything the people did while writing it down on the notebook that I had carried with me.
However, when I got the chance to talk and interview the members, they were very open and friendly to me. Most were comfortable around me, and we even carried out conversations that were beyond my area of study. This helped me to relax a little. Talking to them also made me feel less of an outsider, and instead helped me feel better about being out of my usual comfort zone.
Works Cited Hughes, Holly. Frommer’s 500 Places for Food and Wine Lovers. New York: Framer’s Publishers, 2009.
Ivory, Karen. Philadelphia Icons: 50 Classic views of the City of Brotherly Love. London: Globe Pequot Publishers, 2011.
Compare and contrast the ideas of Harold Innis and Marshall Mcluhan Report college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Comparison between Innis and McLuhan’s Perspectives
Introduction Modern communication has greatly changed with the introduction of communication innovations and computer technology. The modern media plays an important role in providing information, ideas, and facts to the people. It enhances cultural heritage, family values, ethnic and minority rights, and self-actualization and promotes regional or national identities.
With regard to the impacts of modern media on social organization, Innis argued that modern communication technology such as the printing technology causes a bias in people’s perceptions and social organization. Innis inspired McLuhan who emphasized the role of modern media especially the television in propagating collective ideologies in many social and cultural contexts creating a global village. The theories of both authors provide insights into the likely impact of modern media on culture and consciousness.
McLuhan’s Perspective McLuhan’s views on the independent influence of the media are most popular and influential. McLuhan version on how the media works was different from Innis’ perspective. Accordingly, McLuhan argued that people use the same medium to process the same content or information and share the same interpretation and meaning through the principle of collective responsibility, which he termed, ‘the media is the message’ (Reading No. 9 157).
He further argued that development in technology causes a communication revolution that result to audience fragmentation because they increase the society’s tendency to return to tribal social relations. He identified communication technologies such as writing skills, radio, and television as elements of communication revolution.
He identified the interplay between media and audience as essential in shaping an individual’s direct experience with the medium (Reading No. 9 159). He argued that media such as television that are both audio and visual influence the people’s cognition and perceptual habits, which influence social relations. He argued that media such as television is important in promoting democracy, capitalism and nationalism.
Innis’ approach Innis argued that mass media communication presents major organizational and societal perceptual biases. He noted that technological development involving mass communication causes a shift in the cultural perception. Innis argued, “The advent of print technology caused a shift from time-binding culture to space-binding culture” (Reading No. 8 136).
In space-binding orientation, the printed material from the same print medium was distributed to similar space-specific readers. This means that diverse readers absorbed the same message content and information (Reading No. 8. 134). In contrast, in the traditional modes of communication such as oral communication, the in-group members of a community absorbed the same content but in a time-specific orientation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Innis’ approach addressed the effect of modern media in expanding communication more rapidly and efficiently on a space-specific manner. For Innis, communication media are important in “transforming time-binding social interactions to present-time social interactions” (Reading No. 8 142). In other words, access and availability of communication technologies contributes to cultural and social changes.
Comparison between Innis and McLuhan’s Perspectives The most significant difference between Innis and McLuhan perspectives is the role played by media in enhancing the people’s sensory experience. McLuhan identifies an individual’s extent of media usage as one of the impacts of communication media. In contrast, Innis highlighted media accessibility and availability as responsible for cultural transformation due to collective absorption of content that results to a unified thinking.
Additionally, Innis viewed the media as a monopoly of knowledge promoting dependency and authoritarianism by large media corporations and preferred the traditional modes of communication (Reading No. 8 147). He preferred the printing press to the radio as means of encouraging regionalism and decentralization.
In contrast, McLuhan argues that the media is the message. In other words, he media promotes the development of democracy and nationalism. Indeed, I believe that the media helps propagate good governance and democracy.
However, I would disagree with his argument that the global village is a good thing. Globalization affects national cultures and integration. On the other hand, the most notable strength of Innis’ approach is the belief that media strengthens the economic and political elite while weakening the individual through monopoly of knowledge.
However, his argument that the radio and other electronic media promote centralization is, to me, a weakness in his theory. On the other hand, both scholars have similarities regarding the role of modern media. Accordingly, both of them acknowledge the ability of mass media to unify the audience. This arises from the collective responsibility as people receive similar information. Additionally, both scholars acknowledge that developing monopoly of knowledge by media corporations.
Innis perceives the radio as a time-bias form of communication that encourages bureaucracy and centralization. In this respect, Innis holds a bad attitude towards electronic media. Likewise, Innis could criticize the new social media such as Facebook for propagating centralization and monopoly of knowledge.
We will write a custom Report on Compare and contrast the ideas of Harold Innis and Marshall Mcluhan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More I would prefer McLuhan because of his belief that mass media transforms the world into a global village, promotes democracy and capitalism. In this regard, his perspective on social networks could be “cool media” (Reading No. 8 148) that allow participation and audience engagement
Conclusion Communication is acclaimed as a way of sharing information and facts between people. McLuhan and Innis perspectives on media focus on the interplay between individuals and the media available. Modern media brought revolutionary changes to the field of communication and communication processes.
The scholars provide contrasting conceptual and theoretical frameworks regarding the impacts of media on present day society. Their theories are revolutionary as they explain the social and cultural changes on the society occasioned by modern media.
Works Cited Reading No. 8. Module Three: Unit 8. Harold Adams Innis. 138-150.
Reading No. 9. Module Three: Unit 9. Herbert Marshall McLuhan. 153-162.
The Early Success of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia (MSLO) Report college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Synopsis of MSLO History
Contribution of Martha to MSLO`s Early Success
Management Practices that led to the Early Success of MSLO
Synopsis of MSLO History Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, Inc. is a corporation that was established by Martha Stewart in 1997 (Reference for Business, 2011). This corporation is made up of several enterprises that focus on publishing, merchandising and broadcasting. The products and services that the corporation offers reflect to the personal taste of the founder of the company, Martha.
From simple beginnings, the company has grown to become one of the most viable corporations in the United States and the entire world in general. Its brand name has grown to earn the respect that is given to brands such as Calvin Klein and Ralph Lauren (Reference for Business, 2011).
The company has four main branches: Publishing, television, merchandising and e-commerce (Reference for Business, 2011). Prior to the 1990`s, Martha had been successful in publishing several books and running a number of businesses. In the year 1990, Martha signed a contract with Time Publishing Ventures to start the publication of a magazine called Martha Stewart Living that would be released monthly.
The venture was successful with the number of copies sold per issue increasing over the years. In 1993, Martha started a TV show that focused on her magazine. The show eventually became a hit airing every day. In 1997, Martha together with her long time business partner, Sharon Patrick purchased the merchandise, publication and broadcasting brands that were under the name of Martha Stewart and formed one huge company called Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia (Reference for Business, 2011).
The company`s main aim is to enrich and bring a positive change to the lives of women and their families. To achieve this, the company is devoted in empowering women to be more successful in life by teaching them new ideas that will make them more innovative and creative in life. This will make their lives to become better every day. This is achieved through the quality services and products that the company has to offer to its customers all around the world.
Contribution of Martha to MSLO`s Early Success Martha Stewart has been an innovator and entrepreneur throughout her life. In the course of her life, she has been able to successfully run a number of businesses and ventures. However, the break of her career came in the early 1980s when she published her first book, Entertaining (Shetty, 2010).
This book was became one of the bestselling books during that time. Due to this fact, Martha`s name grew. Since then, she published several books, was invited to major TV shows such as The Opera Winfrey Show and Larry King Live. In the 1990, she started her own magazine called Martha Stewart Living. Therefore, Martha`s name played a huge role in the success of MSLO during its early days. People all around the world quickly recognised the brand. This made it easier to market the services and products of the brand.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Management Practices that led to the Early Success of MSLO MSLO has been displaying superb management practices that have led to the growth and success of the company. It has a strong organizational culture that guarantees effectiveness and efficiency of operations within the organization (Management Paradise, 2011).
At the same time, the company has a qualified staff that has a mix of skills and character that enable the company to meet its internal needs and that of their consumers and other stakeholders. The effectiveness in the management of the organization has played a critical role in the early success of the company.
References Management Paradise. (2011). Human Resource Management of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia. Management Paradise. Web.
Reference for Business. (2011). Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, Inc. Reference for Business. Web.
Shetty, N. (2010). Organisational Structure of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia. Managementparadise.com. Web.
Riordan Strategic Plan Essay best college essay help
Riordan, Inc. is a private organization that engages itself in the manufacture of plastic products that are later sold to other manufacturers. The items produced in this company include plastic bottles, fans, heart valves, custom plastic parts, and medical stents.
Over the years, the company has experienced tremendous growth that has resulted in the establishment of other branches, namely: San Jose, California, Albany, Georgia, Pontiac, Michigan, and Hangzhou, China. Riordan Company has a defined strategic plan to dictate how the organization will accomplish its mission. This paper will focus on the strategic plan of Riordan Inc and the importance of ethics and social responsibility in its strategic management plan.
The strategic plan of Riordan is an issue-based plan because it aims at providing solutions to the hurdles that have been cited as barriers towards achieving the company’s goals. Riordan Company has realized that it can accomplish its goals by trimming the expenditures and improving on its performance. For instance, the company plans to integrate IT infrastructure in its corporate strategy to interlink the four branches.
According to Bryson (2011), the current Enterprise Resource Planning systems are not compatible and hence it is necessary to install a common system that offers compatibility to all the branches. This is because the four branches are one entity and thus, their inventory records should be uniform.
Using the same ERP system ensures that employees can perform their tasks at ease, regardless of their location. This is because Riordan is a growing organization and employee transfers are bound to happen. Such transfers should not affect the performance of the employees who work in the incorporated departments. For instance, if an employee from Michigan office was relocated to China, that employee would have to be trained again for him/her to be able to catch up with the rest.
The incompatibility of Riordan ERP systems need to be solved because the problem can affect the inventory records and thus lead to a decline in output. The differences in the choice of system imply that the four branches did not address the issue of compatibility. Lynch (2006) explains that in strategic planning decisions are not made blindly because an organization needs to analyze the future implications of its decisions regardless of whether the solution is long term or short term.
In addition, the customers of Riordan are not limited to one geographic location and thus compatibility should enable the customers to interact remotely with the organization. In business world, trust is built by communicating regularly and from the look of things incompatibility can bar customers from communicating with Riordan. This interaction is important because it provides an opportunity for an organization to get feedback from clients and thus improve towards meeting customer needs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Riordan Company scanned the environment with the aim of identifying open opportunities that can be utilized at its advantage. The observations revealed that Hangzhou’s branch was not conveniently placed and this is because more money was being spent on catering for transportation costs.
Shanghai was chosen because of its proximity to the water body, which is considered less costly mode of transport than road transport. If Riordan Company had not planned, the volume of output would have reached unmanageable levels. This is because road transport cannot be efficient in conveying bulky goods. Currently, the cost of road transport is hiking and this means that businesses will have to pay more for their goods to be transported from one point to another. This argument is backed by the latest rise in fuel prices.
Therefore, corporate social responsibility had to be considered from the day that Riordan Company resorted to using water transport. Additionally, ethics have to be adhered to because they were not established just for the sake of being defined. Riordan must exercise its ethics during the implementation of its strategic plan, regarding operations and waste management. For instance, financial records are supposed to be vetted by an external auditor and the current problem of systems incompatibility has been hindering the completion of external and internal auditing in considerable time.
The planned relocation should be evaluated to ensure that Riordan does not dispose its industrial waste into the river. This is because the act itself is a health hazard and if the potential customers realize this, the company will face a lot of resistance and will have many liabilities to deal with. Olsen (2007) explains that ethics are important because they are the ones that dictate how an organization is going to conduct its operations without interfering with the livelihoods of the public.
Furthermore, Riordan must observe ethics in all production processes to ensure that consumers get products that are worth their money. This is because customers develop loyalty to organizations that have their interests at heart. Giving discounts to buyers is a marketing strategy, but can also be considered as part of CRC.
Most people think that giving back to the society must entail material things. Giving back to the adjacent communities will go a long way towards cementing the relationship between Riordan and the society that is comprised of its potential customers.
In conclusion, Riordan must stick to its mandate of providing solutions to customers in an ethical manner, rather than being part of the problem. The challenges that are being faced and the ones that are yet to come should be viewed as opportunities of learning and growing.
We will write a custom Essay on Riordan Strategic Plan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, ethics and social responsibility requires constant changes in organizational conduct and performance. Since internal and external requirements change, it is imperative that Riodarn, as a firm likely to survive in future, observe the changing needs from the society and regulations imposed by the government
References Bryson, M.J. (2011). Strategic Planning For Public And Nonprofit Organizations (4th ed.). San Francisco: John Wiley
Matter of Childhood Obesity Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The matter of childhood obesity and poor nutrition are some of the catastrophic issues that bedevil the American society today and who should take the responsibility in eradicating it has been the subject of debate since governments, parents, schools and the media carry substantial blame.
Statistics in America indicate that the cases of children suffering obesity have spiraled and for the last thirty years, the cases of obesity have increased by fifteen percent (Child Obesity, n.d.). Many reasons have been put forward to justify why obesity cases are on the rise: Doctors associate obesity cases with the fact that children are not consuming the exact type of foods required as a balanced diet and secondly, the American children are getting exposed to less physical exercises everyday.
It is argued that eliminating the cases of obesity in America will be hard unless parents are willing to accept the responsibility to inform their children about healthy lifestyles. There has been a strong debate about the party that should be held responsible for these rising cases of obesity.
There are those who argue that it is the responsibility of the government to eliminate it while others argue that it is the responsibility of the parent and the family at large to eradicate it though it is conventional that a child is charged with the responsibility to manage his/her body. It has been turned into a blame game where the parents blame the government and on the other hand the government blames the parents.
Main Analysis Educating children about good and healthy eating decisions can assist in reducing cases of obesity among them. This can be achieved through the institution and formulation of laws by the government. The rising cases of obesity is slowly getting out of hand, whereas many believe that the government is to save the country from obesity; the available government policy is not well formulated to solve the problem hence the need for parents to encourage their children to adopt better and healthy eating habits.
To encourage healthy lifestyle and good eating habits, the government should raise the health care charges for people who are obese. Although this policy can be argued to be bad, it will motivate those who are obese to adopt health lifestyles while rewarding those who practice good healthy habits.
Consequently, despite the fact that such a policy will increase the costs of health care, it will end up promoting healthy eating and encourage body exercise habits but this also depends on the examples set by the parents in their homes (Murtagh, 2011).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Those who argue that it is the responsibility of the parents to control children obesity put forward such points as the need of the parents to teach their children about good healthy habits and inculcating them to programs like weight watchers and girls on-the run which are vital in promoting healthy lifestyles.
Parents also need to teach healthy routines in their homes and they should inform their children the benefits of body exercises and also well rounded diet, which can as well be passed from one generation to another. It is argued that children who live with parents who promote healthy lifestyle will likely promote healthy lifestyle and good eating habits when they grow up.
Parents also argue that it is a mistake by the government since they are in position and they have the power to introduce some bans and also restrictions on the availability of fast foods and also to some extend prohibit some adverts that may be seen to be promoting unhealthy foods and eating lifestyles. Though these measures cannot completely curb the cases of obesity, they will greatly reduce obesity cases.
Although the government and those who advocate for the curbing of childhood obesity agree that the government should be responsible in eradicating it, they disagree with the government’s argument that parents should teach their children good eating habits and instead, to them, it is the teacher who should be the one to teach the children about the dangers of childhood obesity.
Parents also argue that the government should instead operate some classes that offer lessons on obesity to the children. It is argued by the proponents that the parents will not mind paying for the classes since it is in their interest to eliminate childhood obesity (Public Health, 2011).
Conclusion Since the elimination of childhood obesity cases rests with two main measures: first, the promotion of physical exercises and two, the promotion of good and health eating habits, the debate on who should take the task of eradicating it should not be a matter of concern since it will not in any way solve the problem at hand. It only requires good will and taking of action collectively by all the stakeholders.
Government has taken the responsibility to prevent obesity. This has been prompted by the fact that the prevalence of obesity increases the chances of people contracting other lifestyle diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes and also cancer.
We will write a custom Essay on Matter of Childhood Obesity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is a need for a collective action if childhood obesity is to be defeated; parents need to teach their children better eating styles and above that they should actually act as their children’s role models on matters of better eating habits. The government should also enact necessary laws to govern the sale of fast foods to children.
References Child Obesity. (n.d.). Child obesity in America: taking care of our children. Help Cure Child Obesity. Web.
Murtagh, L. (2011). State Intervention in Life-Threatening Childhood Obesity. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 306(2), 206-207.
Public Health. (2011). News Release. Department of Public Health. Web.
Strategy Session at MSLO Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Stock price history
The impact of Martha Stewart’s conviction
Introduction Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia (MSLO) has been a successful household name since it incorporation, with interest in publishing, television and radio broadcasting, merchandising and internet ventures. Its driving force has been built on the idea of better living through design. The company has been able to transform various aspects of our life into successful ventures, such as, personal organization and meal planning in creative business opportunities.
Though successful, the company has been through various challenges but none has been notable like the imprisonment of its CEO, Martha Stewart, in 2004 for insider trading and her resignation in an effort to save her company’s stock price that were performing poorly following the news of trial and conviction. Following these developments, MSLO formulated and implemented new strategies to contain the situation and help to stabilize the stock price and market share.
Stock price history The company’s stock is currently trading at $3.22 per share as at August 11, 2011, trading a volume of 341,593 shares and with an improvement of 5.57% from the previous day’s trading. The company’s highest stock price was $37.40 per share in February 24, 2005, trading a volume of 3,604,300 shares prior to release of Martha from jail, and the company’s lowest stock price was $1.61 per share trading a volume of 190,400 shares following the its being hit by financial crisis.
The impact of Martha Stewart’s conviction Following conviction of Martha Stewart by mid June 2002, the company’s stock price was almost half of what it was trading at the end of 2001, with Martha choosing to remain silent about the allegations only professing her innocence. In the next span of about two years, while the saga continued, the company was unable to recover its stock price, as it was at the end of 2001 mark. This conviction made a huge toll on the company’s profitability and cash flow, leading to halving of the 2002 third quarter projections.
These developments made the shareholders and other stakeholders to loss confidence in the company, something that further aggravated the situation of the company. By January 2003, many advertising customers such as Chrysler had withdrawn their contracts, with the company registering the first quarterly loss of $2 million and the Martha Stewart Living Magazine registering 31% drop in revenues.
With the shareholders feeling the effect of plummeting stock price, some responded by disposing off the shares while others were deeply agitated that they took legal action against the company. For instance, Howard Rosen, an MSLO shareholder, in August 22, 2002 sued Martha and her top business associates for selling stock in MSLO before the investigation of her ImClone sale became public.
Corporate strategies that MSLO pursued in the period following Ms. Stewart’s conviction to improve the public’s perception of Ms. Stewart and her company, MSLO
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More First, the company ensured that Martha Stewart resigned as the COE and relinquished any duties relating to running of the company. Secondly, the company embarked on a mission to build secondary personalities and branded media properties to minimize reliance on one person for branding.
Additionally, the company advised Martha to remain silent during the whole ordeal to avoid further negative publicity. Lastly, the company embarked on product dilution process, shifting focus to health categories and other acquisitions such as Body
Reflective paper on Training Professionals Report college essay help near me
Executive Summary The ever-changing global economy calls for new innovations and strategies in organizations in order to maintain competitive advantage. These include training and development of the human resource to enhance productivity and overall business performance.
Organizations are taking huge risks by investing heavily on human resource training and development. Business executives view innovation as one of their top most challenges. The main purpose of this study is to explore the role of training professionals in innovation and organizational change.
Many studies have found out that training and development is the main instrument for breaking new ground bringing changes in an organization. These changes include change in workers behavior and competency, up holding innovations and adopting new technologies. The best design and strategy in professional training must be all inclusive, continuous in nature and should integrate training with other elements of the organizations.
High performing organizations nowadays are acknowledging the significance of using best training and development systems to improve their competitive advantage in the industry. Training and development of the human resource is a critical factor in any organization if the value and potential of the human resources are to be harnessed and grown).
Many studies have underscored the apparent correlation between a soundly designed and strategic training and the overall success of the organization (Cappelli 2000, p.103). The general image of the industry and workers is also influenced by the level and quality of training and development.
In our contemporary business climate most companies are faced with stiff competition for their quality staffs (Gronn 2002, p.425). Human resource experts asserts that companies which invests heavily training and development benefits from enriched working environment with low level of staff exodus as well as enhanced productivity and organizational performance (Kuchinke 2001, p.292).
The main focus of this report is to identify the role of training and developing professionals in our contemporary competitive business environment, to enhance productivity and overall business performance through innovation. There are challenges associated with developing a well designed business strategy through training.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The report will also identify where the senior management always goes wrong in developing these strategies and best possible approaches to employ. The report will come up with the best types of training that can deliver innovation in an organization.
Training professional’s role The role of training professionals in today’s businesses, to deliver innovation.
In order to maintain a competitive advantage and retention of high quality staff, companies must ensure that training and development of their human resources is not taken lightly. Investing in professional training guarantees stability and productivity in organization (Wexley
Gender and the Division of Labor Essay essay help: essay help
Gender is an important variable and perimeter in social and economic analysis. It complements the variables of class, ownership, income and family status rather than competing with them.
The activities outside and inside the home has created a pattern that is important especially in taking the integral view in both the modern and traditional households. Sexual division of labor has formed a specific pattern, this patterns are reflected even outside the household, they are seen to be partly reflective of the traditional “within house” division of labor.
The differential basis of cultivation of skill is important in understanding the inferior economic position of women inside and outside the society. Therefore, it’s important to say that detecting a particular pattern of gender division is possible.
As individuals we coexist with varieties of identities, among this identity is our gender. Other than that, we exist as a member of a certain family, class, occupation group or even a community. Our interests are influenced by our understanding of these different identities that we posses.
Our identities may cause a strong influence on our perception making it impossible to form our own clear picture of our welfare. This notion and perception lead to a major impact on the states and outcomes within the household on the distribution of labor especially in relation to gender.
One of the factors that have influenced gender distribution of labor is technology. Technology has been viewed highly restrictively as relating to mechanical, chemical or biological processes. However, technology has a ‘social’ content to it; Karl Marx called it “the combining together of various processes into a social whole”.
Production does not only involve coming up with finished products from raw materials but also the social organization that enables the use of certain techniques in production .The “outside” activities of the workers depend on the activities “within the house” however such activities are often regarded as ‘unproductive’ work.(Amartya 128)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gender division of work is one of the ways employed by the societies in trying to reach prosperity. For a household to prosper various activities e.g. purchasing, production of food, money earning activities have to be taken into account, for example who does what? Who makes certain decisions?
The responses to these questions are seen as a reaction to solving the problem of “Cooperation (adding to total availabilities) and Conflict (dividing the availabilities amongst the family members)”.The division of the two activities between the sexes influences the pattern of gender in the division of work.
Labor activities in homes are sometimes affected by ‘cultural phenomena’, such contributes are not directly related to production but affect the division of labor within the household. For example some of these activities might be controlled by stereotype perceptions, a perfect example of such is the perception that women should look after children and that they may take outside work only if they persist in taking care of the children.
The other factor influencing the determination of division of labor is cooperative conflicts. These are interests, contribution and perceptions within the group i.e. household. The wellbeing of a person is less favorable if that person position is a “breakdown”. The “breakdown” shows the vulnerability of the person in the “bargaining”. Incase of a breakdown that person would be in a mess more than previously and that position would weaken his ability for a favorable outcome in the distribution of labor. (Amartya 135)
The self interest of a person affects his wellbeing. If a person takes less note of his or her own wellbeing, this fact makes a person get a less deal, for example as observed in a typical Indian rural woman who was asked about her personal welfare ,her response was in terms of the welfare of her family .
According to Amartya the other factor is that of contribution. A person perceived to be making more contribution to the group gets a more favorable response. (Amartya 136)
Work Cited Amartya, Sen, Gender and cooperative conflict,UN working paper.pdf, 1987
We will write a custom Essay on Gender and the Division of Labor specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Human Resources Planning, Recruitment, and Selection Term Paper college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Planning, recruitment and selection processes
Introduction Human resource management is an organization’s function that entails all aspects that are associated with the human resource or work force in a particular organization, company or institution. It entails aspects like recruitment, coordination and control of the people working in an organization. Some of the issues linked with human resource management include hiring, compensation and benefits, safety and welfare, communication and motivation, employees’ performance management and administration and training among others.
Human resource management is a very essential function in every organization as it enhances overall efficiency and effectiveness of the organization through smooth running of all the activities and operations that are carried out in the organization. It falls under one of the major components of the management function which is staffing the other ones being planning, organizing, and coordination and controlling.
The human resource in an organization is a valuable asset that determines the success or failure of the organization through their efforts towards utilizing other assets in the company. It is however only through their proper management that maximum efficiency, effectiveness and profitability can be achieved (Elearn 2009). This piece of work discusses various aspects associated with human resource management with much emphasis being given to planning, recruitment and selection processes.
Planning, recruitment and selection processes The processes of human resource planning, recruitment and selection are very pivotal in any organization irrespective of size. This is because they determine the quality of employees in the organization who in turn determine how processes are carried out. Human resource planning involves making appropriate decisions in regard to the positions that an organization ought to fill and the best ways to fill them. It also entails determining the human resource needs of an organization with respect to the stipulated strategic plan.
Human resource planning plays a significant role in determining the demand and supply factors of labor as well as the problems that are associated with the resolution of these factors. Human resource planning is influenced by an organization’s short term as well as long term operational and development needs. The employees and stakeholders needs and aspirations also play a great role in shaping the human resource planning function of an organization (Roberts, 1997).
Human resource recruitment on the other hand entails the process of attracting and encouraging eligible individuals to apply for different positions in an organization. It involves generating a pool of appropriate and qualified candidates for available job positions in an organization.
It is a process that commences when the new recruits are identified and ends when the applications from these candidates are received. Recruitment is a very essential process as it facilitates the attraction of qualified candidates to apply and it discourages the unsuited ones to be involved through provision of the right job information. Recruitment also plays a role in projecting the organization’s image.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The other crucial human resource management function is the selection process. The key issue here entails matching a candidate with the job in question to achieve best performance. There are various tools that are applied in the selection process for instance interviews and referrals.
Selection process is very important as it ensures that the right candidates are deployed, in terms of qualifications and experience. This is achieved through matching of the attributes in the application documents and the practical ones. The selection activities all the way from the initial screening interview to the final physical examination and practices are aimed at coming up with successful selection decisions.
For the selection process to be effective, it ought to provide a perfect match between the organizational needs and candidates’ qualifications and interests. Effective selection ensures that there is quality performance of an employee right from the start. It also avoids too much expenditure for hiring through avoiding unnecessary processes. It in addition prevents an organization from legal implications (from incompetent and inappropriate hiring processes) that could be very costly and time consuming (Elearn, 2009).
From the above description of the three processes of human resource management, planning, recruitment and selection; it is evident that they contribute greatly to better performance of the employees and the organization as a whole. They are all equally important and we cannot point out which is more crucial than the other.
The processes are also interdependent and they rely on each other. Effective planning process is likely to lead to effective recruitment practices which in return lead to an effective selection process. The reverse is also true and a fault in one of the processes is likely to bring about failures in the others and hence the outcome results will be poor hiring where the hired employees’ qualifications do not match the organizational needs. This leads to poor performance of the employees and that of an organization at large.
To enhance the understanding of the importance of these processes I give a situation in my workplace. Before the concepts of effective planning, recruitment and selection were adhered to in our organization, there existed a lot of problems the leading one being employees turnover.
It was then that the management thought of identifying the reasons behind this and how the problems could be solved. The main reasons for employee turnover were mismatch of their qualifications with the job positions leading to bad performance and thus lack of job satisfaction.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Human Resources Planning, Recruitment, and Selection specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This was due to poor planning, recruitment as well as selection where there was no proper identification of the organization’s needs and hence these led to poor recruitment practices where the appropriate job information was not provided. This in turn led to poor selection and people would not perform as expected and lack of job satisfaction led to instances of quitting. Another issue was lack of motivation where the employees never felt appreciated and valued (Mathis
Derived Demand Essay custom essay help
According to the business dictionary, “Derived demand is used to refer to a situation where demand for a certain product or service occurs as a result rising demand of another product or service.” In most practical situations, it occurs when one product or service depends on another for production. For instance, demand for bread leads to derived demand for wheat, because wheat must be produced for bread to be made.
Economists would conclude that, “As demand for bread increases, so does its price.” The same is translated to an increase in the price of wheat used to make bread. Another scenario that can be used to illustrate derived demand is the transport sector. People are always engaged in transport activities not because they enjoy travelling, but because they are going to be involved in other consumption activities at some place.
Economists state that, “Derived demand applies to consumers and producers.” Employees are hired in companies not because they are wanted, but to use their skills for productivity purposes. This implies that employers have a derived demand for employees. Another example is a case of a farmer in demand of manure. They need it to enhance production of crops, which is the main source of livelihood. Therefore, for his own livelihood, he demands manure. It is therefore the derived demand of manure to enhance crop production.
Derived demand is used to factor in all factors of production in an economy. It creates a clear picture of how producers consider several factors in determining prices of commodities by factoring in costs of production, transport and demand by consumers.
A question that is most commonly asked by people is, why does the demand of a final product increase the demand of factors of production? That is, how does adjustment in price of a product affect the overall demand? If for instance, the demand for umbrellas in the demand curve shifts to the right, while the supply curve remains constant, then a balanced price and quantity of umbrellas in the market would trade at a higher price which might also lead to increased production of umbrellas for sale to people.
As a result of an increase in price, profits gained by producers per unit of umbrellas would increase, which would appeal to them to manufacture more umbrellas until the cost of production rises to surpass the cost of production of the last umbrella in order to be equivalent to the new price.
In future, when I set up my own businesses the concept of derived demand would be very important for making decisions. As discussed earlier, I would use factors of production in the market to set affordable, attractive and competitive prices for my products.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, I intend to set up a floor mill company in future. By using this concept of derived demand, I would be able to make good decisions on man power hiring, the prices of maize and other commodities necessary for production and a good location to facilitate nearness to raw materials and transportation costs.
From the explanation of derived demand, putting into consideration these factors would enable my business thrive in the face of competition because I would have factored in almost all factors necessary for production. At the same time, understanding this concept has given me an eye opener that I should always research the market in order to monitor the dynamics of prices, demand and cost of production.
Values Portrayed in Popular Media Research Paper scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Introduction Background of the study
There is no doubt that the means of communication and information flow have changed over the years. For instance, in the past, one could expect church sermons, political oratory, and the life-time knowledge of community elders to be the major sources of information in many cultural set-ups.
However, as time goes by, the influence of such information sources is diminishing with the increasing popularity and confidence in different forms of popular media such as television, books, magazines, social networks, and news networks among others.
Thus, besides education and religion, popular media forms such as television, books, magazines, and social networks provide mechanisms for the distribution of images and messages, which in the long run form a symbolic environment for certain beliefs and behaviors (Dana, 2009, p. 3; Striphas, 2003).
Accordingly, studies document that the images, messages, and values portrayed through different forms of popular media permeate and shape the cultural attitudes, expectations, beliefs, and perceptions in the contemporary society (Allchin, 2009; Dana, 2009, p. 4). Considering that one’s beliefs affect behavior in different ways, there is evidence to suggest that popular media forms the basis of the positive and negative behaviors noticeable among the youth, women, and other groups in the present day society.
Here, it is apparent that if popular media forms are used to deliver falsehoods, myths, indoctrinations, and propaganda, then the repercussions are bound to be catastrophic. Besides, there is evidence to show that the spread of negative or harmful messages through popular media forms has been the major cause of world wars, mass genocides, and increased criminal activities, and thus, placing the future of human civilization at stake.
A rich literature, which identifies and describes different values in the society by analyzing various forms of popular media such as advertisements and television programming, has been presented in many research studies.
However, most studies tend to be biased towards the description and identification of values, and very few studies have been published that investigate the influence of the values portrayed in the popular media on their target audiences. Therefore, the objectives of this paper are aimed at reviewing the available peer-reviewed literature to show that the values portrayed in popular media can be implicated in the emergence of negative behaviors and beliefs in the contemporary society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Given the limited literature on this topic, this paper is timely, and therefore it will contribute to the available literature. As a result, it is hypothesized that the values portrayed through popular media will directly influence the values, beliefs, and behaviors of the target audience when there are inconsistencies in their own cultural/social values.
Using the Ashford Online Library and other search engines such as Google Scholar, six academic and peer-reviewed articles were selected on the basis of their relevance to the topic, the credibility of the authors, and their contribution to the current research. Subsequently, empirical scientific evidence, quotes from renowned scientists and newsmakers, and critically analyzed research findings were used to support the hypothesis and build on the preceding discussions.
Analysis of the Research Findings
According to Dana (2009, p. 62), the Television is the most preferred source of information used to cultivate the predispositions that in the past were obtained from education and religion. For example, Oprah Winfrey’s talk-show has done extra-ordinary things for women who form the largest audience for the show all over the world. The talk-show promotes the Oprah Winfrey’s Book Club, which focuses on women with the aim of creating an economically-oriented cultural value surrounding books and reading (Striphas, 2003, p. 295).
It is apparent that the success of the Book Club in part has over the years used a crafty communication strategy whereby Oprah, participants, and other promoters communicate the value of their selection of books to a specific group of their target audience, women.
Here, the literary considerations surrounding the books are de-emphasized to ensure that women engage in reading volumes of books to distance themselves from the demands and worries of the socioeconomic environment whose stratification is claimed to favor more men than women (Striphas, 2003, p. 297).
It then follows that the Book Club encourages the consumption of media genres and popular media forms targeting women such as romance and gothic novels, girl’s magazines, popular music and dance, soap operas, and other television programming. To this end one is left wondering why so many women draw comfort from such popular media texts. Accordingly, many feminist scholars may claim that such texts give women pleasures that they cannot get anywhere or maybe they reflect their everyday lives (Striphas, 2003, p. 299).
Equally, many feminist scholars will avoid shedding some light on any political possibilities and implications, which may arise from the negative messages and propagandas, reflected in contemporary novels on women issues including protest, resistance, and the social construction of a woman as a needy and oppressed human being who needs to free herself from her oppressors. In most of her television broadcasts, Oprah is famous with using abstract comments such as, “a walapalooza of a book…
We will write a custom Research Paper on Values Portrayed in Popular Media specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is 500 and some pages…Actually, it is 546, which is wonderful for the summer, because I did not want you to, like, just breeze through it and then have to complain to me…” when describing some of her book selections (Striphas, 2003, p. 300). These and many more absurd comments tend to avoid the contentious issues surrounding the criteria for book selection, the book content, and the implications of reading too much of such books.
Another array of absurd, irrelevant, and superficial content is very much evident in most science textbooks used in most schools and colleges. Science is a subject that encompasses different disciplines ranging from mathematics, chemistry, biology, zoology, psychology, and geology among others. The fundamental feature that brings all these subsections of science together is the claim made by most scientists that science entails factual evidence but not values (Allchin, 2009, p. 1; Heilmann, 2001).
This claim is misleading considering that science is very much reliant on epistemic and cultural values in practice, and thus it is normal that these values are bound to be redistributed from the society to science and vice versa. For instance, individual scientists borrow from their cultural beliefs and values in their scientific practice while the value of science itself including technological advancements and innovations in medicine are absorbed into the society.
However, when considering some of the materials and content presented in some science books used by students in schools and colleges, one is left wondering whether these content forms any valuable basis for human civilization or advancement. For example, right from pre-school to college stage, people have been told about the “age of the world”, which by estimation is millions of years old.
Since no one has had the opportunity to know except the person who came up with the idea, people have come to subconsciously accept the claim without further consideration of empirical evidence, which is also lacking. Furthermore, the idea that science is based on knowledge drawn from empirical research and conclusive evidence seems inapplicable in some cases where the beliefs of some scientists are considered to hold as much as no alternative explanation is available.
Therefore, it is time teachers stopped pumping information based on assumptive metaphysical data into the innocent minds of young people, and turned into equipping them with technical skills in telecommunication, medicine, and infrastructural innovations. Failure to do this, the inherent consequence is that many nations especially the United States will continue lagging behind in terms of technology and innovation because students are forced to study irrelevant information in books.
Perhaps, one of the most irrelevant and probably one of the theories that downplay the importance of scientific evidence is the evolution theory. Dr. T.N. Tahmisian (U.S. Atomic Energy Commission) quotes that, “Scientists who go around teaching that evolution is a fact of life are great con-men, and the story they are telling may be the greatest hoax ever”. Conversely, Sir Arthur Keith notes that, “Evolution is unproved and improvable.
We believe it only because the only alternative is special creation, and that is unthinkable.” It then follows from contemporary scientific practice that when a scientific theory lacks enough evidence to support any hypotheses drawn from it, it is discarded or reformulated. This implies that the evolution theory and others like the theory of Uniformitarian’s in geology should be scratched off the school curricular if no one scientist has been able to provide empirical evidence to support them (Heilmann, 2001).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Values Portrayed in Popular Media by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Accordingly, Tiger L. (an anthropologist at Rutgers University) notes that, “Darwinian science inevitably will, and should have legal, political and moral consequences.” Therefore, consider a case where evolution and other aspects of Darwinian science are being taught to young scholars.
Chances are high that societies whose people are followers of these theories with little consideration for religion and evidence-based scientific studies are bound to experience many negative socio-political implications. For instance, reflect on the notion of survival for the fittest, does it reflect the conditions in the contemporary societies in the same way it is explained in science books. No, because the poor and disadvantaged many who are supposed to have an added advantage of numbers are overshadowed by the few rich in most societies.
Furthermore, war and intergroup violence can also be partly advanced by the evolutionary theory with claims like it is human nature for those individuals in power to ensure that they remain in power by stirring the peace among the ruled (Heilmann, 2001). Overall, negative cultural values such as deception, selfishness, self-deception, mistrust, coercion, ethnic aggression, and overconfidence in the contemporary society are partly attributable to evolutionary science.
Besides evolutionary science, historical evidence, atrocities, and events presented through history books and the print media form the most popular information sources in the contemporary societies. The risk of teaching the young scholars about the atrocities committed against their forefathers during the world wars, tribal crashes, and other forms of intergroup violence forms the basis for present day terrorist activities and mistrust between communities, ethnic groups, and countries.
Do Working Mothers Benefit Families? Research Paper college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Working Mothers Benefit Families
Working Mothers Do Not Benefit Families
Introduction Nowadays, married women are not relegated to the role of housewives; many pursue a career. “In 2008, 64% of women with children aged three to 17 years were in the labor force, and 39.6% were employed; In 2009, 70.3% of women with children aged three to 17 years worked, 43.1% of them were employed, most of them full time; In 2010, Among mothers with children aged three to 17 years, 77.1% were employed, two-thirds of them full time.” (Doak, par.1) The break-down of rigid gender roles and the increased participation of women in the workplace have given women more choices in how to improve their own lives and that of their families.
Nevertheless, working mothers are often subject to negative feedback, such as the claim that working mothers are being selfish or even harming their families! There are divergent viewpoints of working mothers, which leads to the question: “Do working mothers benefit families?” The reason why I am interested this issue is because I am a new mother with plans to pursue a career after I complete my studies.
Even though I am struggling on the decision of whether go to work or be a full-time mother, I know clearly that I have to face the reality of losing out on income if I choose to stay at home to take of my daughter. I believe this kind of reality is very common for majority families. Through many articles and media resources which I collected for this research question, I arrived at a conclusion that is working mothers and happy families are not contradictory but coexist.
Working mothers should not be criticized for deciding to pursue a career, especially, as long as they are able to balance between it and their responsibility towards their families and children. The reality is that working mothers are now a mainstay for their families, or say working mothers are benefit families.
Working Mothers Benefit Families First of all, mothers are employed because their families depend on them financially. “Numerous studies have demonstrated that simply doing two full-time jobs (parenting and waged work) is extraordinarily difficult for any individual and results in considerable stress and can result in degraded parenting and degraded relationships,”(par. 2) explains Professor de Vaus of La Trobe University, Australia.
This quote demonstrates that the traditional family model of the stay-at-home wife is not tenable anymore. Increased cost of living necessitates two-income earners. Author Stevenson states, “Most fathers felt that the mother’s work was beneficial and facilitated family life.
They talked about it enhancing the quality of their relationship together, and recognized the way in which work enabled their partner to develop and express different aspects of her identity. They also appreciated having help in supplementing the financial costs of raising a family.” (par. 8)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This statement shows that the fathers feel that having a partner work outside the home enhances their personal relationship and benefits the family. There is no doubt that many mothers want to stay at home with their children. However, the economic evidence is clear. Mothers have been entering the labor force in larger and larger numbers because they need to for the good of their families.
Another way working mothers benefit families is by being better life partners and strengthening their marriages. A recent study showed that “wives’ full-time employment is now associated with increased marital stability” (Coontz, par.14).
Also, having an educated female spouse may decrease the rate of divorce: “College graduates are more likely to have egalitarian ideas about sharing housework and breadwinning, and recent (as of 2007) research shows that egalitarian ideas and behaviors improve marital satisfaction for both men and women.” (Coontz, par.13)
Many studies show that men now want a wife who is at a similar educational or occupational level: “… as the wife worked more, the husband’s view of the quality of his marriage actually improved” (Coontz, par17.).
According to Professor de Vaus in the Journal of Family Studies, They see the arrangement as fair, not because each partner is contributing in the same way, but because they both need the contribution of the other. The mutual interdependence rather than sameness is what enables these wives to regard the arrangements as equitable” (de Vaus, par.8). A family works better as a whole unit when both spouses are working to support the family as a common goal.
Moreover, in the online video clip of “Working Mothers @ Cisco”, Aileen who has two kids said that “I couldn’t imagine myself with a partner who chose to stay at home and who didn’t have a life outside our family. For starters, what would we talk about? … [It’s] good for the family because we can sit down together and plan financially for the future because we have two incomes to work with” (Cscopr). Both anecdotal evidence and research indicate that having a working mother increases the level of marital stability.
Lastly, working mothers provide children with positive role model. Working mothers understand that the sacrifices implicit working outside of the home, while at times, feeling that sometimes their employment could have a negative impact: “They could also feel that their children sometimes resented them working if it cut into times when the children wanted to be with their mother.” (Luscombe, par.4)
We will write a custom Research Paper on Do Working Mothers Benefit Families? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, mothers also understand that working outside does have benefits for their children as well. According to Amelia Hill, a social affairs correspondent for the Guardian, “The majority of mothers feel no guilt about leaving their children to go out to work and believe their working life has improved since having children.” (par.6)
In fact, children whose mothers work feel proud of them. In the article “Career Mum Balancing Act,” the author Baker-Dowdell points out “[My daughter] said, ‘Mummy, I want to be like you when I grow up, I want to go to work’. I was really touched and I could see that my going to work is a positive influence on her.” (par.5). Baker-Dowdell also talks about how the mother’s work benefited their children.
They felt that it enhanced the quality of mother-child relationships, helped their children to develop useful skills, and provided them with a positive role model: “I’ve learnt negotiation skills and I have taught my children negotiation skills and they use it effectively.”(par.7)
In the online video “The Effect of Working Moms on Their Kids,” Dr. Sylvia Gearing points out that the working mothers give their children a great sense of independence, good role models, and the solid reality that women work in society. Best of all, they show their children that mommy has a strong sense of self-esteem.
Working Mothers Do Not Benefit Families Gender equality has been the debate of many scholars and organizations and as a result, the idea has been embraced by the society. However, it is clear that not many people have strategized on how to deal with situation and the challenges that comes with it. Research has shown that getting involved in both parenting and paid work as full time jobs is not easy for any individual.
As a matter of fact, in some cases it has been seen not be a solution to the needs in the family but as a source of another problem. That is, it has been recorded to cause stress as well as influencing negative relationships and parenting process. It is important to note the way mothers cope with this situation is influenced by many factors. For example, the nature of the job and the structure of the family are some of the factors that influence the relationship of working mothers and their children.
The structure of the family may contribute largely in that, in case the family is extended and the mother is expected to take care of the elderly, it would mean more responsibilities for the mothers. In addition, the number of children and their age may make the situation more complex. Many and young children may make the mother/ woman be unable to balance between paid work and parenting (Doak 1).
Looking at the other side of the story, it is clear that working mothers do not benefit their families. In fact, the situation results to a less bonded family. Take for example those careers that are very involving. In such a case, the mothers are sometimes required to work overtime or even operate away from their families in cases where they go on business trips.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Do Working Mothers Benefit Families? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The family is forced to do without a mother. Although many women argue that the nannies fill in the gap carrying out the responsibilities and duties that come with motherhood, it is evident that they can never fill in the gap of a mother. There are those things that nannies can attend to and those they cannot. The mutual relationship between a mother and her family is unique and can only be achieved in the presence of a mother (Venker 178).
It is important to note that women are human beings too, and the environment that they work in is not stress free. Moreover, they are not favored because they are women and have families to take care of. They usually undertake their duties just like anybody else. They face the job challenges as everybody would. In such a situation, it is their families that suffer.
Women are created differently from men and it is usually difficult to separate issues of the work place with family matters. If they had a terrible day in the office, there is a likelihood of carrying over the same in the house. The husband and the children experience a cold relationship from their mother and if it continues for a long time it may ruin relationship in the family.
Balancing between work and family sometimes may be difficult. Take a situation in which a mother had a very busy day at the work place. When she gets home she is extremely tired to attend to her family. Women are humans, right? And when they get home tired like everybody would behave, they don’t have much to say or do with their families. They seek to rest ready to face the next day. If this goes on for a period of time then it can affect the relationship between the mother and the family negatively (De Vaus 120).
Family may not only include the husband and the children but it may also include the elderly parents and the parents-in-law. It is the responsibility of the woman of the house to take care of them. It becomes worse when even when the organizations do not recognize that working mothers need to be assisted on how to manage paid work and taking care of the elder people.
This is because in the past there has been systems put in place to help working mothers manage both tasks but in this case there is no system put in place to help women manage their elderly parents and their jobs as well. It becomes more challenging when the family has to relocate due to job demands.
In many cases the family consisting of mother, father and children is the one that becomes mobile while the elderly are left behind. The geographical distance created simply because women are attending the paid work is not beneficial to the larger family, considering that the elderly are sensitive just like the young children.
Conclusion It is natural for many mothers with young children to feel ambivalent about working for obvious reasons. Despite debate and opposing public opinions for working mothers, mothers have entered the labor force freely and in ever greater numbers because they and their families have been made better off by that choice.
These benefits are fairly obvious, such as the incomes earned by women enhance the financial security of their families; the quality and stability of marriages are improved; and children are provided with better role models by working mothers. Through my research, I have more confidence to work outside of the home because I know that my sacrifice will ultimately benefit my family and my relationship with my husband and my daughter. For myself, I hope to feel satisfaction and self-fulfillment from my career.
Works Cited Baker-Dowdell, Johanna. “Career Mum Balancing Act.” Insightful writers. Informed readers. Suite 101.com. 3 Sep. 2010. Web.
Coontz, Stephanie. “Career Women Do Not Make Bad Wives.” The Boston Globe (18 Feb. 2007). Rpt. in Working Women. Ed. Christina Fisanick.
Cscopr “Working Mothers @ Cisco.” YouTube. Online Video Clip. 8 June 2009. Web. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LHGMhchqIuM
Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2008. Opposing Viewpoints. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web..
De Vaus, David. “Balancing family work and paid work: Gender- based equality in the new democratic family.” Journal of Family Studies 15.2 (2009): 118-121. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web..
Doak J, Melissa. “Child Care and Elder Care.” Women in American Society. 2010 ed. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Information Plus Reference Series. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web..
Doak J, Melissa. “Family and Work Arrangements for Mothers and Children.” Women in American Society. 2010 ed. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Information Plus Reference Series. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web..
Hill, Amelia. “We’re doing fine, say working mums: Ninety per cent believe that their careers make them good role models.” THE OBSERVER (England), 28 Sep. 2008, Eastern Ed. LexisNexis Academic. Web..
Luscombe, Belinda. “Working Moms’ Kids Turn Out Fine, 50 Years of Research Says.” Healthland. TIME. 18 Oct. 2010. Web..
Stevenson, Jennifer. “Moms should reject the guilt that comes with a paycheck.” Insightful writers. Informed readers. Suite 101.com. 20 Oct. 2010. Web..
Suzanne Venker. 7 Myths of Working Mothers: Why Children and (Most) Careers Just Don’t Mix. Spence Publishing Company, 2008.
The Canadian International Development Agency Essay essay help: essay help
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), a Canadian organization, has greatly assisted in the fight against HIV/AIDs. By the year 2005, the organization had committed a lot of its funds in the fight against HIV/AIDS. For instance, from 2000 to 2005, the organization used more than $ 800 to fight HIV/AIDS worldwide. This organization is committed in preventing and controlling the spread of HIV/AIDS, a scourge that is associated with poverty (Marketware par.1).
In its effort to fight the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS globally, the organization uses various strategies to achieve its objectives. Such strategies include funding institutions that are involved in the development of HIV/AIDS vaccines. For instance, in 2005, the organization set aside $ 15 million to be used in developing an effective HIV/AIDS vaccine.
This comprised $ 12 million that was used to support the international AIDS initiative together with $ 3 million that was channeled towards the Global Health Research Initiative. This contribution enabled the Canadian researchers to work in collaboration with researchers from Africa.
The organization is also in record of donating $ 800 million. From this amount, $ 5 million was used to support women’s legal rights. The support provided also entailed initiating projects that legally empowered women. The increased feminization of the HIV/AIDS pandemic by the CIDA is after its realization of the imbalanced legal, economic and social status between men and women and especially in Asia and Africa.
In most Asian and African nations, women are denied the right of owning land among other properties. CIDA realized that such imbalances make women vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. In addition, their limitation to access resources makes them less effective in mitigating the consequences of the pandemic. For this reason, the initiative concentrated on projects that focused on enhancing women’s property rights (Marketware par. 3-6).
Other projects that were established were those tailored towards helping the affected and infected people. They included empowering such people economically to help them mitigate the consequences of the pandemic. The funds helped them to access the anti-retro viral drugs and proper nutrition.
Using these drugs as well as maintaining good nutrition habits boosted the immunity of the infected individuals greatly. Thus, the organization’s strategy of empowering these people was very beneficial. The introduction of these projects in 2004 managed to assist about 6,266 people in Mozambique and 7,721 in Caribbean, to get ARVs. Similarly, approximately 15,000 people in Tanzania received ARV s from CIDA funded projects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, CIDA conducts seminars that are designed to educate the public on ways of fighting the HIV/AIDS pandemic. For instance, the organization has initiated projects such as the Global Village Project which is an integral part of the conference that offers delegates an opportunity to share their experiences and identify common grounds while at the same time celebrating their diversities (Marketware par. 7). My choice for CIDA is because it is an organization that extensively addresses the issue of HIV/AIDS in all dimensions. The organization tries to fight the pandemic by supporting institutions that are involved in developing the AIDS vaccines. In addition, CIDA conducts seminars that give moral support to the affected and infected individuals.
It also initiates projects that empower the most vulnerable groups to assist them fight HIV/AIDS. In addition, these projects empower the infected people economically so that they are in a better position to get access to ARVs and proper nutrition.
Works Cited Marketware. Canadian International Development Agency – CIDA. Web.
The Chief Tool of the “White Australian Policy” was the Immigration Restriction Act, 1901 Analytical Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Immigration Restriction Bill of 1901
Race Composition in Australia
Permits and Passports
Introduction The white Australian policy was widely accepted and embraced by Australians. The policy was set in motion as result of the initiation of Immigration Restriction Bill of 1901. Majority of white Australians were in the view that the bill was long overdue. The Australian was persuaded that their race was superior and that the influx of non- white workers will jeopardize their job standing thus need for Immigration Restriction Bill (London, 1970).
The policy was a previous undertaken by Australian government of the time to favor immigrants from certain parts of the world. The initial legislation to be supported by the Australian government was the Immigration Restriction Act, commonly known as The Australian Policy (Head, 2011).
The motive of the legislation was to encourage homogenous society comparable to the then present day Britain. Under this policy, only the whites (Europeans) were eligible to migrate to Australia. The White policy was an egalitarian policy reflecting the perception of the Australians (Head, 2011). Hence, the Immigration Restriction Act was a major ingredient shaping the White Australia’s Policy.
Immigration Restriction Bill of 1901 Australian government with the aim of restricting or limiting the number of non-white migrant to the country passed the Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 (London, 1970). It formed a background to the establishment of the White Australia Policy. It also authorized deportation of illegal immigrants.
It offered officers ranging powers of preventing individual’s entry in the country. Such restriction was simplified through issuing of dictation test. However, the act had some exemptions. The members of the Royal Navy and British Army, foreign diplomats and close family members of permitted immigrants were granted exemptions. Prospective immigrants, under the act, were required to apply for Exemption Certificate, which will grant their stay for a given period(London, 1970).
Overtime, various amendments were made on the act. Initially the dictation test was administered within the first year of a person entry in Australia, but was extended for five years of residence in 1932(London, 1970). Moreover, the official administering the test were allowed to avail the test several times and in an individual language. In addition, in 1958, the Immigration Act was replaced with the Migration Act, which erased the dictation test.
Labor Non- whites were industrious in job assignments in the country. For example, the Chinese were good in all types of manual work. Hence, their industrious nature was of no interests to their whites counterparts in the mining sector. According to Willard the acts of violence experienced in some places such as the Buckland River, victoria and New South Wales is an example of cruelty of Immigration Restriction Act (1967).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To tame their influence, the administration of these colonies executed restrictions aimed at curbing their migration. Non- whites in these colonies were denied access to permanent residency status and were only allowed to work in less paying jobs under unfavorable working conditions (Willard, 1967)
Race Composition in Australia Australia had a various ethnicities residing in the country for quite some time. Hence, London(1970) argues that the Australians reaction to these new immigrants was hostile. They discriminated them against their color, opportunistic and as a result,more hostility towards them.
They had an assumption that “white skin” was superior to any other skin color. Hence, the Immigration Restriction Actwas aimed at taming non-white immigrants to the country.This act was designated as legislation “to impose certain restriction on immigration and grant exclusion from the commonwealth of illegal immigrants (Australia Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, 2011).
According to Clawson (2001), the act placed stringent conditions for immigrants to Australia. Hence, immigrants suspected of being insane or “idiots”, likely to be liability to charitable organizations or public institutions, prostitutes or pimps, criminals, suffering from contagiousor infectious illness, of questionable character and menial job seekers was restricted by the Immigration Restriction Act.
Dictation Test Dictation test, which was part of the Immigration Restriction Act, had negative impact on non-white dissidents too. The test was aimed at excluding non-white immigrants by compelling them to pass a fifty word written testmark (Clawson, 2001).
Often, a dictation test was administered in a language (European language) which was unfamiliar to most candidates. Thepolicy exempted most immigrants from European countries. The dictation test was administeredwith hindsight, and its main intention was to deport non –whites or restrict entry of non-whites to Australia.
Shipping Companies Ships bound to Australian coast were thoroughlysearched; hence, when in possession of illegal immigrants, the ship company was heavily fined orconfiscated, or prevented in the future entry in Australia. The major intention was, not only to restrict new immigrant arrivals,but also to exclude immigrants already residing in Australia
We will write a custom Essay on The Chief Tool of the “White Australian Policy” was the Immigration Restriction Act, 1901 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Permits and Passports The Immigration Restriction Act also showed similar bias in terms of issuance of work permits and granting of residual status in Australia (Rowntree and Price, 2000). Europeans were mostly favored. Europeans granted entry in the country for business and job objectives and those who had lived in the country for more than 15 years were exempted from renewing their permits on a periodical basis, hence, as such, they achieved automatic residence status.
On the other hand, other immigrants such as the wives of Australian service members, of Japanese origin were granted admission with a permit valid and renewable after for years (Rowntree and Price, 2000). For other non-whites, issuance of permits and passports was not a guarantee, bias, intimidation and other forms of mistreatment by issuing authorities was common.Hence, this condition made them to have illegal status in Australia.
Conclusion The white Australian policy had a far-reaching social impact on the Australian society. It profiled discrimination against people belonging to non-white races. However, the most notable ingredient of the Act was the Immigration Restriction Act, which through its contents brought about more bias in its administration.
References Australia Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs. 2011. Abolition of the White Australia Policy and Key Facts in Immigration. Available at
Clawson. N., 2001. World Regional Geography: A Developmental Approach. Prentice Hall, New Jersey
Head, M., 2011. ”The New ‘White Australia’ Policy” .Available at
London, H., I., (1970). Non-white Immigration and the “White Australia” Policy. New York University Press, New York
Wind Turbines Manufacturers Overview Research Paper best essay help
Table of Contents Vestas Wind Systems
Sinovel Wind Group Company
Xinjiang Goldwind Science and technology Company
Siemens Wind Power
Gamesa Corporation Tecnologica
Vestas Wind Systems The company headquarters is in Denmark, and as a result of enormous growth of the company since its founding in 1945, it has set up manufacturing plants in several countries including Germany, United kingdom, India and US. When the company initially started, it used to manufacture household electrical devices but drastically changed their manufacturing through years making agricultural appliances, intercoolers, hydraulic machines and turned their focus to wind turbines since 1989.
Fairly writes that, “For the last eight years, the company merged with NEG Micon, another Danish company specializing in making wind turbines.” The two companies put their efforts together to establish the worlds biggest manufacturing plant of turbines using the brand, Vestas Wind Systems.
The company recovered in the year 2006 after a drop in sales the previous year making it be ranked the number one top green company in 2006. Towards the end of 2008, the company embarked on expansion plans in their plants in Colorado and Oregon. While the company is aggressively looking for new markets, it has been closing some of the plants in regions that their demand is low.
Fairly (43), states that, “Some of the closed manufacturing plants include the one in Scandinavia and Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom.” Todate, over forty thousand wind turbines have been installed by vestas worldwide with its workforce which is estimated at around twenty three thousand people globally. The new expansion targets include countries like China and US where its products are on high demand.
The company is gradually shifting production to China and US because of reduced demands in Europe. The companies goal when making their turbines is to provide customers with turbines of high quality, they don’t look at market share and prices when designing them. One of the products manufactured by Vesta is V112-3.0MW. It is designed in a manner that it can adapt to areas with low and medium wind.
The company projects that such areas will be shift to wind power in future. This device has the ability to produce more electric power than other turbines in that category of 3MW. This turbine is reliable, easy to service and offers greater efficiency than other turbines in the same class.
According to the company website, “Another product designed for areas with light winds is Vestas V90-2MW.” This one is mainly designed for European countries because of its light weather conditions. Another product from Vestas is Vestas V90-3MWwhich is used all over the world to generate electricity. The distinctive feature of this product is that is uses pitch control.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More V90-3MW V47-660kW
Vestas company spends a substantial amount of its revenue in research and development. Recent statistics indicate that it spend in excess of one hundred and thirty million in the year 2009 in research. Some of its recent research findings is unveiling a stealth wind turbine in collaboration with QinetiQ which can offer solutions of radar reflection to the aviation industry. According to financial statements of 2010, the company is doing well as it collected profits in excess of 156 million Euros (Reddal, 77).
Sinovel Wind Group Company The company is the largest manufacturer of turbines in China, and its headquarters is in China. Globally, it is ranked number three in production of wind turbines. The company targets to be the leader of turbine production by the year 2015 with major target market being foreign countries. Sinovel employs approximately 200 employees and has a capacity to produce eight hundred units per year presently. Its manufacturing plant is in Dahlia, China though it intends to open other plants in China and other countries.
Sinovel aims at making wind turbines that are adaptable to all types of weather and environmental conditions around the world. The company has been growing steadily since its inception and has managed to make big milestones in production of electricity using wind turbines.
In the year 2008, the turbine installations of Sinovel produced almost 1500MW of electricity making it the leader of Chinese green energy production and seventh in the world. By the year 2010, it had more installations done in China and other parts of the world with total estimation of power generation being put at around 4400MW, thereby leading the Chinese market and becoming the world’s number two.
Sinovel has a mission that is based on its historical formation which is to localize production of important electrical equipments and the focus to provide green energy to the whole population of China and the world. Its long term strategy is to provide innovative products, in large scale to meet international demands.
Sinovel has been a leader of the Chinese market in producing innovative turbine equipments in the sense that; it is the first to introduce an advanced wind turbine in the world, it was the first to make and supply the turbine equipments locally, it was the leader in developing 1.5Megawatt turbines that can suit all conditions of weather in the world and many other achievements.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Wind Turbines Manufacturers Overview specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The company is majorly involved in manufacturing products for commercial and industrial use. On the list of several products manufactured by Sinovel is SL600 turbine. According to the company website, “This turbine was developed independently by Sinovel group with its own intellectual rights.” It designed in a manner that it uses modern technological generators with Sinovel’s expertise.
Acher writes that, “SL5000 is a type of wind turbines that they make which utilizes variable pitch and double power generation technology.” SL300 is another product that they have developed using their own expertise. Its average power rating is 3000kW with a rotor diameter that ranges from 90 to 113 meters. The advantage with this product is that it is adaptable to all weather conditions.
Since the company was started, it has given priority to provision of quality customer service and technical support. It continuously strives to provide services with an aim of meeting customer’s satisfaction.
As a technique of enhancing scientific skills in order to sustain itself with the competitiveness of the market, the company has employed experts from China and other parts of the world with specialization in wind power to form part of research and development team that consists of almost 700 personnel. The operation of the company has also been boosted by cooperation with China Development Bank to a tune of six and half billion dollars.
Xinjiang Goldwind Science and technology Company Lou (22) describes Goldwind Company as “One of the largest companies manufacturing wind turbines in world and one of the leaders in China.” Its manufacturing plants are in Urumqi, Xinjiang, China. Lou further states that, “The Company was established in 1986, which marked the start of wind power energy in Xinjiang, China.”
The companies aim is to research and develop large sized wind turbines for commercial and industrial use. Some of the products that the company produces are 600kW to 1.5 MW permanent magnet wind turbine products.
Apart from these products, it is also involved in developing and selling wind power plants. In the year 2009, the company installed close to three thousand seven hundred wind turbines of 750kW and sixteen hundred 1.5 MW turbines. The main market of the company is China though it installed some turbines in Minnesota, United States.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Wind Turbines Manufacturers Overview by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For the last eight years, the companies’ market share in China has been growing steadily and is said to supply its products to over twenty five percent of the market. By the end of the year 2008, the company had sold more than three thousand wind turbines that have the capacity to produce two thousand eight hundred and ninety five mega watts of electricity. In the following years, the market demand in China grew making them receive enough orders.
The company receives a good number if orders for all the products that are made including 750kw and 1.5MW turbines. The company also made a breakthrough to the International market when it received orders from United States and Cuban company, Energoimport.
The company employs more than one thousand five hundred people and its profits have continuously grown over the years. For instance, in the financial year of 2010, it made profits worth RMB 4.02. More than ninety five percent of the revenue of the company is collected from sale of wind turbine generators.
According to the company sources, Goldwind intends to benefit greatly when local companies offering green energy and expand their markets to foreign countries. They believe they would have good chances of growing. According to its mission of growth, it intends to acquire technology companies that can design highly efficient generators that can be transported easily. It also intends to buy other renewable electric devices.
Siemens Wind Power According to Wessel (10), “Siemens Wind Power is a manufacturing company of wind turbines with main offices and manufacturing plants situated in Brande, Denmark.” It specializes in designing products for commercial and residential use. The company was fully acquired by Siemens groups of companies from Germany through its division of renewable energy from the year two thousand and four. By the year 2009, Siemens Wind Power had a market of six percent worldwide with a large market in the shores of Europe.
Wessel (9), further worote, “The Company was first established in 1980 by Danregn.” The name of the company was changed later to Bonus energy in nineteen eighty three but was later sold to Siemens in 2004. According to Wilkes (26), “The main manufacturing plant is in Brande, Denmark with other subsidiaries in several countries.”
As part expansion plans, the company opened other offices for research and development in Colorado. One of the products of the company that is unique is the Hywind. It is a wind turbine that is designed in a manner that it can float in the sea while it functions. It is designed to utilize the winds of the sea to generate electric power. The main products of the company are SWT 2.3MW and 3.6MWwind turbines.
Hywind Siemens Turbines in a farm
By the end of the year 2009, the company had employee capacity of about six thousand. Since the company started, its focus was to develop wind turbines that would remain competitive in the market and it has evolved from making 22kW wind turbines to the current Megawatt ranges.
In order to realize its vision, the company has employed experts in the field of wind turbines technology and using conventional technological devices. The output of their efforts is development of high power wind turbines that match the demand of the market. Siemens Wind Power is proud for the effort of its more than five thousand employees who have contributed to realization mission of the company.
Siemens Wind power provides customers with their products by giving them guarantees of the investments they have undertaken. They offer guarantees so that customers can be sure of the services during that period. The recent order from United States wind firms is to boost by a big margin profits of Siemen Wind Power.
Wilkes describes that, “This is a confirmation that that the company is the leading provider of wind power in off shores.” One of the most recent projects of Siemens wind power is the construction of DanTysk wind farm in Germany that covers seventy square kilometers with a capacity to supply electricity to over five thousand households.
Enercon The company, Enercon, is a leading provider of green energy in Germany and the 4th largest globally. The company specializes in manufacture of wind turbines and the main plant is situated in Aurich, Emden and Magdeburg in Germany. Other countries they have manufacturing plants include Portugal, Turkey and Canada.
Enercon mainly produces its wind turbines for commercial purposes and domestic use. By mid this year, it is estimated that Enercon had installed over seventeen thousand wind turbines that has an excess of 24 Gigawatts of power.
Their most common product is the E-40 wind turbine Model which is a modification of the 1993 design. As of mid this year, its market share was estimated to be slightly above seven percent globally, while in the German market, it controls sixty percent of the market share. One of its main foreign users is Ecotricity, from Britain.
A distinct feature of its wind turbines is the technology that uses gearless drivers, with an annular generator. According to Enercon at a Glance (55), “This is different from other wind turbines because the other wind turbines use gears to increase the speed of rotation of the gearbox. The other difference with this generators is the housing which is drop shaped in addition to their towers that are painted green to march the surrounding.”
Some of its popular products include E-126 model that is widely used in Europe. Initial power rating of this model was six Megawatts but has been modified to generate 7.5 Megawatts. Another product is the E-112 model that was invented in the year 2002, and became the largest in the world for two years because of its ability to generate 4.5 Megawatts. It was later modified to generate 6Megawatts. To date, the company has not embarked on setting up projects on off shores but has instead been critical of the offshore wind parks.
E-112 E-170 E-166 E-32
Enercon had been burnt from selling its products to the US market due to an infringement dispute with Kenetech (Hermann, 120). The company employs over thirteen thousand employees. Just like the other companies, Enercon lays emphasis on quality of its products and employs experts of wind turbines so as to meet the expectations of their customers. One of their core values is to consult with authorities and customers so that they can find practical solutions of green energy.
The financial performance of the company has been incremental over the years despite the limitation of US market.
Gamesa Corporation Tecnologica This company is involved in manufacture and making materials for wind turbines. It makes products for commercial and industrial use. The company is Spanish based and its main plant is located in Biscay, North of Spain. It does business by management of wind farms as well as selling wind turbines.
Before the competition by Chinese manufacturers, Gamesa was the worlds’ second producer wind turbines; currently it enjoys the sixth spot, though, the company has not lost its grip in the Spanish market. According to Barriviera (111), “It is estimated that the company has installed an equivalent of twenty thousand Megawatts of power in 4 continents.”
The company began manufacturing activities in the 1976 with a focus of developing of developing technological devices that meet emerging needs of the society. Among the products that it started making were robots and composite materials. A division of the company was established in 1994 to manufacture wind turbines for commercial purposes.
The company has financial stability and has been listed in the stock exchange since the year 2000. It has assets worth 4.9 billion Euros and made profit worth 50 million Euros in the year 2010, while it employs more than six thousand seven hundred people.
Since 2006, the company changed its strategies and is now focused to manufacture devices associated with green energy, which is wind power. The company is interested in setting up turbines in offshore areas and has begun constructing a manufacturing plant in Britain to oversee this part of production.
The construction of this new factory is estimated to cost around one hundred and thirty four million pounds. The company has received global recognition for its efforts to provide sustainable energy and is listed in the sustainability index. An example of a wind farm project that Gamesa is involved is the Allegheny Ridge Wind farm (Acher, 11).
International sales of its products have helped sustain growth momentum. Among the leading international markets that they benefited from were India and Latin America. Of all the sales in 2011, all orders of MW category were sold to the international market.
G10X-4.5MW GX9-2.0 MW G5X-850kW
Gamesa has employed experts in wind technologists and has been shown by manufacturing of several products that meet customer satisfaction. Among the list of its products is G10X-4.5 wind turbine which is one of the most competitive in the market. It is designed in a manner that it can suit the most complicated Grid connections. Among the advantages of this product is the inbuilt design that enables it reduce noise and ability to be transported with ease.
The G9X-2.0 is another wind turbine in the Megawatt category. It is made in a manner that can suit all wind conditions. Its advantages are reduced noise and ability to predict maintenance. G5X-850kW model is designed to generate electricity in areas with low wind levels.
Works Cited Acher, John. China became top wind power market in 2009 Reuters. Web.
Acher, John. A Wind Power Market in 2009 Reuters.Web.
Barriviera, Guadalupe; Tobin, Paul. “Gamesa Aims to Control a Fifth of Wind-Turbine Market”. Bloomberg. 2008. “Enercon at a Glance”. Web.
Fairly, Peter. Stealth-Mode Wind Turbines Technology Review, 2009. Web.
Hermann, Simon. Hidden Champions of the 21st Century : Success Strategies of unknown World Market Leaders. London: Springer, 2009.- ISBN 978-0-387-98147-5. Web.
Lou, Ying. “Goldwind Plans IPO as China Combats Climate Change”. Bloomberg. Web.
Reddall, Braden. Vestas will not chase market share at any price Reuters/BTM Consult, 2010. Web.
Wessel, Lene. Siemens overtakes Vestas (in Danish) Ing.dk, 2010. Web.
Wilkes, Justin. Operational offshore wind farms in Europe, end 2009 EWEA. Web.
The Other Wes Moore Essay (Critical Writing) college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Introduction The Other Wes Moore is a 248-book written by Wes Moore in 2010 and published by Spiegel and Grau. While in his final year at university and after being given a Rhodes Scholar award, Moore learns of another man with whom he shares a name from the newspapers (Moore, para. 1). The man is on his way to prison accused of murdering a police officer.
Moore learns that he shares a great deal with the suspect and not just a name: they are from the same neighborhood, were born almost in the same year, lost their fathers during their childhood and were raised by their mothers, however, their later lives differed immensely.
The Other Wes Moore looks at why the lives of the two men who shared a common background ended so differently. How did Wes Moore end up in the army, speak at the 2008 National Convention, and get employed by Condoleeza Rice while the other Wes Moore was serving time in prison. How did one man achieve so much in life while the other is simply known as the ‘Other’ Wes Moore?
Critical Review Why the Immense Difference
At first glance, The Other Wes Moore looks interesting as the author discovers the odd coincidences between him and the man who is charged with shooting and killing a police officer. These coincidences make Wes Moore wonder how he had evaded the destiny of the other Wes Moore, even though their background was very identical. In a way, the author narrates an “It could have been me” situation.
This interesting introduction would have perhaps prepared the reader for an interesting read, however, Moore opts to examine his life in parallel with that of the other Wes Moore in an attempt to establish where, and most significantly, why, there lives ended up so differently. This comparison makes the book an important read as it brings up a very critical question: What makes many young men, especially black, poor young men from single parent families, take up drug trade as a source of livelihood while knowing the risk that comes with it.
Going through the pages, it is evident that Moore does not have an answer to that question, he writes, “What made the difference?…The truth is that I don’t know” (Moore, pp. 76). He can only point out to the similarity to the background of the two men, and leaves the final decision to the reader.
The Source of all the Differences
Although he does not categorically state it, it is evident from Moore’s account of the two lives that the main point of divergence between him and the second Moore is in the way they were brought up by their mothers, and their mother’s own lives. Moore’s mother was brought up by college-educated parents , and she worked hard to create her own success and that of her family.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She moved several times in the struggle to find suitable place where her children would grow up in some degree of comfort, and she worked in many jobs so that her children would have decent education. When she realizes that Moore is on the brink of joining the criminal lifestyle, she sacrifices emotionally and economically and enrolls him in a military school.
In short, she simply refused to yield to the harsh conditions that often encircled them. On the contrary, the second Wes Moore’s mother attempted to fight off the harsh conditions and temptations, but ultimately gave up the struggle. She often leaves Moore behind as she goes to night outs. She quits college after losing her scholarship. Differences at home are squared with beatings. Moore’s older brother gets into the drug business, and soon all three of them are in it: mother and her two sons.
A Similar Background?
Moore’s argument that he had a similar background with the other Moore is simply unbelievable, and is plainly evident from the first chapter, where we observe the cast differences between in their upbringing. It is easy to understand why the two lives ended up very differently- the Johns Hopkins graduate was born into a loving, closely-knit family with two college-educated parents.
Although his father dies while he was young, the family remained intact and he received immense emotional and financial support from a number of relatives. This is in deep contrast with the second Wes Moore, who is born to a single mother and whose father does not care of him at all.
The two Moores are simply worlds apart but the author does not acknowledge this, maybe he does not comprehend this. Although he admits that having an adult who is invested in your welfare is vital to a child’s healthy development, he does not relate this to his own upbringing and that the second Moore. He had a supportive mother uncle, grandfather and a strong-willed mother while the other Moore was left unattended by his mother from age 8 while his older brother engaged led a criminal lifestyle.
Coming to the end of the book, The Other Wes Moore looks more like a vanity project for the author. The segments on his own life receive more coverage at the expense of that of the second Moore. In the epilogue, Moore dedicates several pages just listing his achievements in life- these are not related to the main topic of the book (why the two men’s lives ended up so differently), neither are they evaluated in any way to increase the readers understanding of the book’s theme- it is simply a listing of the things he has done or accomplished.
The author writes that he “searched for ways to fill that hole, sometimes in places I shouldn’t have looked. I made some tremendous mistakes along the way” (Moore, pp. 168), however, the readers never gets to know of those mistakes while the second Moore’s mistakes are laid bare.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Other Wes Moore specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The book also seems to give the author a platform to prove his poor background. He seems frantic to attest to his poor and disadvantaged upbringing- that is contrasted by the fact that he and his brothers attended an expensive private school. This is misleading. His claim that they had run-ins with the law ignores the type and severity of the offenses: the author was scolded by a police officer for spraying a building while the second Moore was arrested for intimidating another child with a knife.
Conclusion The Other Wes Moore exposes the effect of fatherlessness in the upbringing and fate of children. Both men lost their fathers and were brought up by their mothers in single families, this background greatly affected their future life: one ends up as a university graduate and a Rhodes Scholar while the second is charged with the murder of a policeman.
Although the author tries to argue that they had a similar background, this assertion is misleading: the two men’s early lives were worlds apart. The author also fails in his attempts to prove his poor and disadvantaged background, which is negated by several factors that he seems to ignore. Rather than give the topic a fair outlook, his writing appears biased, focusing on his own strengths and the second Moore’s weaknesses.
Works Cited Moore, Wes. One Name, Two Fates. 2011. Web. Web.
Moore, Wes. The Other Wes Moore. NY: Spiegel and Grau, 2010
Candide by Voltaire Essay college application essay help
Put in print in 1759, Candide has been considered as one of the most Voltaire’s masterpiece. In Candide, Voltaire sharply criticized the corruptible power of the nobility, futile speculations of philosophy, religious hypocrisy, cruelty and the folly of optimism. Even though Candide in many instances have been considered as representative manuscript of enlightenment, the book satirizes many philosophies of the enlightenment and makes it obvious that enlightenment was far distance from huge movement it purports to be.
The book is a reflection of the Voltaire’s enduring dislike of the powerful religious regimes and the superciliousness of the French nobility. In contrast, Candide leveled Voltaire’s criticism against the enlightenment philosophical movement. Candid attacked the optimistic school of thought assertion that rational thinking was capable of ending the tribulations committed by humans.
Voltaire examined in depth the folly of optimism and his attack can be seen in Pangloss optimistic philosophy. “Pangloss granted teaching in the metaphysico-theologico-cosmolo-nigology. He splendidly attested that there cannot perhaps be a consequence with no cause and that in this probably best world the castle that belonged to the baron was the most stunning amongst every castle and of all baronesses, his wife was ideally the best.
Pangloss alleged that, ‘Most things might not appear beyond what they currently look like given that all things became into being to manifestly serve the preeminent end’. In fact, we have spectacles owing to the fact that noses were created to support the spectacles’ (Voltaire, 8).
Pangloss philosophy as quoted is one of the most important targets of Voltaire’s sardonic poke. Pangloss and his student Candide believed that individuals subsist ‘in the best of every probable world’ (Voltaire, 8). However, the appalling life they were going through was in total contrast to the belief.
In fact, their belief was similar to the beliefs of most famous philosophers during Voltaire’s epoch. Basically, Leibniz affirmed that given that the caring Lord made the universe out of imagination, the universe ought to be best possible. The human perception under such systems is that evils exist because people do not understand the underlying forces which control the world. Thus, they are not aware that evils exist for the larger betterment.
In the excerpt, Voltaire (8) did not merely disparage the ensuing philosophical sanguinity but equally the philosophical eccentricity of Enlightenment. Many philosophers of enlightenment such as Leibniz emphasized more on the interactions of causal-effect.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The spectacle and breeches argument by Pangloss clearly shows a ridiculous incapacity in distinguishing causal-effect. According to Voltaire (8) assertions, the almighty Lord had no intentions of creating noses to suit spectacles but He planned for the reverse. Basically, Voltaire had the intentions of clarifying eminent defects witnessed in the philosophy of enlightenment.
It is apparent in Candide that uphill struggles serve as the supreme therapy for any kind of boredom. Nevertheless, just as Pangloss pointed out in the novel, the cure brings to mind the days of mankind in the Eden’s Garden (Voltaire, 83), where man was the controller of everything.
It similarly emerged that the characters providence were ideally controlled in their respective petite plots, and this has not been amicably realized until this moment (Voltaire, 86). Indeed, their lives in the mercy of circumstances have now been literally replaced. They are now reaping what they had sowed. Surprisingly, the fictional argument in opposition to optimism can be given a happy ending and the reader might thus be left wondering whether Pangloss was right in claiming to be living ‘in the probably best worlds’.
The allegations and the arguments against it are however confined by the way of life the characters have found out. In the concluding phrase, Candide asserted that there was no ample room in gardening which would permit rational speculation and this implied that human beings are bound to be fruitful and glad as a consequence.
Works Cited Voltaire. Candide. Retrieved from: https://archive.org/details/candide_librivox
Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis Analytical Essay argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Application of Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses
Introduction When carrying out an analysis, it is vital that a person opts for a methodology depending on the subject of study. In essence, there are two ways of carrying out an analysis: qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis (Babbie, 2010). These two analytic methods vary by their application of measurements and statistics in deductive reasoning (Dey, 2003).
A quantitative methodology employs measurements, numbers, statistics or quantities during the analytic process. On the other hand, a qualitative methodology is a non-numeric method of analysis and often uses quality, opinion, or feelings during the analytic procedure (Strauss, 2009, Denzin
Women in Power: Female Leadership Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Women, Work and Family
Women and the Top Jobs
Introduction Over the years, women have always received a raw deal in the society that is male dominated. For quite a long time, the boy child was favored over the girl child. An increasing number of women activists are, however, out to see to it that this negative trend is dealt a death blow. To a great extent, their efforts are bearing fruit and now, many leaders are now able to see the strengths in women.
The Globe and Mail presents works by different authors to try and get people to look at women differently. There are concerns on whether the corporate and political arena in Canada is biased towards women and in some cases questions arise as to whether women have to work really hard to succeed in a male dominated world.
Despite the fact that a good number of successful women exist at different ranks in Canada’s business sector, their efforts are not really recognized and they not seen as being well equipped to lead organizations (McNish 1). According to Gillis (1), there is a big concern about the way women are underrepresented at senior management levels within corporate organizations.
Women, Work and Family According to McFarland (1), the heavy demands that family places on women are to blame for bringing an end to careers of most women. While working in Ontario as deputy minister of executive resources, Ms. Pat Jacobsen almost resigned when she gave birth to a baby girl in 1984 (McFarland 1).
Previously, it was not possible to come by women with children in management. As pointed out by McFarland, it was quite a big challenge for Ms. Jacobsen to balance between work and taking care of the baby and the reason behind her near departure from employment (McFarland 1). She notes that there were no proper support systems that could allow women to effectively juggle between work and family.
In the case of Ms. Jacobsen, she managed to survive thanks to the great support she received from her superior. With her superior’s permission, she was able to work part time for two years despite the fact that her job was quite demanding. She is strongly convinced that the women in the earlier generations had to pay a big price to make it with little or no support (McFarland 1). Even so, Ms. Jacobsen feels guilty that she never really got to spend enough time with her daughter during her early days (McFarland 1).
Women and the Top Jobs For many years, there have been concerns regarding the capability of women in high positions of power. According to McNish
Homeland Security Department Measures in the USA Term Paper essay help
Terrorism is a very devastating aspect that has affected the United States of America and the world at large. It is an act that is perpetrated by various terrorist groups through an assortment of means, for instance trade. For this reason, there has been a dire need to put up counterterrorism measures in an effort to deal with this issue. Homeland Security department is a very significant and esteemed body in the United States of America.
Homeland Security is a term that is used to refer to security efforts and measures that are put in place by the department of Homeland Security in order to protect the different states against any form of a terrorist attack. This piece of work looks at the various aspects associated with the Homeland Security department in the U.S. with much emphasis being given to terrorism that is perpetrated through trade and the strategy that has been put in place by the department of Homeland Security in an effort to counter the terrorism.
The department of Homeland Security was founded through an integration of various bodies, including the federal departments and agencies. The bodies came together into an integrated and unified department aimed at providing maximum security against all terrorism-related activities.
The September 11, 2011, terrorist attack played a significant role in fuelling the formation of the homeland security department. Few days after the attack, the department was established to oversee and manage an exhaustive national strategy in an effort to safeguard the U.S against terrorism as well as responding to any attacks that could occur in future.
It was however not until the Homeland Security Act was passed by Congress in November the year 2002 that the department of Homeland Security was formally recognized as a separate, cabinet-level entity/ department. It became fully operational on 1st March 2003 and its primary responsibility was ensuring security through coordinating and unifying national homeland security efforts that had been established before its formation.
Currently the Homeland Security department has become a more effective and efficient department which has been able to reinforce the security enterprise hence creating a more secure America, which is more prepared in terms of fighting terrorism for instance through establishment and maintenance of appropriate equipment and strategies necessary for confronting a wide range of security threats (Stana, 2003).
The Department of Homeland Security is headed by a Secretary in charge of Homeland Security who is entitled to a lot of powers and duties and is assisted by other officers for instance the director of the secret service, a chief information officer, a chief human capital officer, a chief financial officer and an officer for civil rights and civil liberties.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of the duties and responsibilities of this department involve the prevention of terrorism within the United States of America, reduction of chances of terrorist attacks in the United States and minimization of damages that may occur from terrorists’ attacks in the United States.
The Homeland Security department is able to achieve the above-named functions through ensuring maximum border and transportation security, emergency preparedness and response, information analysis and protection of infrastructure, adoption of science and technology to support Homeland Security and liaising with other bodies and agencies among others.
As mentioned earlier, there are various ways through which terrorism could be perpetrated and hence the need to come up with a variety of counterterrorism strategies in order to be safe. This is the duty of the department of Homeland.
Trade is a sector that has been used by terrorists to carry out their dangerous ventures through the supply chain and it has, therefore, necessitated the department of Homeland Security to take appropriate measures. Terrorists can, for example, take the advantage of the supply chain to transport deadly weapons easily.
To counter terrorism in the trade sector, the Homeland Security department came up with the strategy to enhance international supply chain security. This strategy was developed in response to the SAFE Act, which called for the development of strategic plan in order to promote the security of international supply chain.
This was in an effort to improve the level of security by curbing the transportation of mass destruction weapons and any other materials which may threaten security in the United States. Although this strategy is deemed to be very useful, it does not totally replace the security measures that were in existence way before its establishment but instead acts as a supplement to improve the level of security in the United States.
The development of this strategy is a significant achievement in the fight against terrorism. This strategy harmonizes its goals with the existing strategies in order to facilitate the realization of these goals. Supply chain security plays an essential role in promoting the general security levels in the nation.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Homeland Security Department Measures in the USA specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To achieve this, the strategy has got various programs, elements as well as initiatives that are aimed at solving problems. The security strategy also identifies the degree of risk in different areas so as to allow for appropriate measures to be taken. Identification of degree of risk also facilitates proper allocation of resources which are directed towards maintenance of security (GAO, 2008).
The main purpose of this strategy was to combat terrorism in the United States. This strategy came as a result of threats of terrorism-attacks. The supply chain is one of the significant areas where terrorists can take the advantage to transport mass destruction weapons.
Based on the directions by the SAFE Port Act in 2006, the Department of Homeland Security was obliged in developing and implementing a strategy to improve the security of international supply chain through the cargo supply. This strategy was meant to be integrated with the already existing measures which had been laid down to promote the security of the cargo supply. The plan was developed upon the realization that more efforts were needed to curb terrorism cases which were on the rise.
It was realized that the existing strategies need to be supplemented if terrorism was to be completely eliminated in the cargo supply chain. In reality, this strategy reflected the work that had already been established by the agencies involved in the cargo supply chain. The strategy gives an outline and tactical plans associated with the already existing plans for better performance in regard to protecting the nation and its environs.
The strategy has been deemed to be very significant in boosting the already existing measures so as to maximize security level in the cargo supply chain. The strategy has, for instance, contributed too much to the National Response Plan. The National Response Plan is responsible for giving directions on how the United States responds to a certain happening in terms of roles and responsibilities and communication, among other aspects.
This strategy, therefore, promotes the effectiveness of National Response Plan by outlining the strategic objective of the department based on the trade recovery and supply chain security. This strategy consequently plays an important role in boosting the effectiveness of the existing measures by giving appropriate guidance which in turn facilitates appropriate course of action (Thomas, 2010).
To ensure that trade security is maintained at the highest possible level, this strategy also gives the security efforts from the country from which the container originates up to the port of the United States as well as its release from the port to the area of destination within the state. This close severance ensures that there is no dangerous weapon that finds its way to the United States.
Through meticulous inspection during the stuffing of the cargo as well as unloading in the United States, this strategy has significantly improved the level of security in the country. However, this strategy concentrates mostly on the cargo entering into the domestic ports. Otherwise, the trading partners are bound to come up with their appropriate measures on the cargo entering into their ports.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Homeland Security Department Measures in the USA by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nevertheless, there are some security measures which call for bilateral agreements between the trading partners. A good example is where the security fright initiate requires that all the trading partners involved in any trading activity come up with an agreement and comply with it. Otherwise, this strategy cannot be effective if there is no agreement between or among the partners.
Another notable contribution of this strategy towards the nation’s security especially in respect to terrorism is the fact that the plan gives a description of trade recommencement efforts and provides a generalized decision hierarchy for the prioritization of vessels and cargo in case the supply chain is disrupted. This is essential as it provides guidance in the decision-making process eliminating chances of taking irrelevant measures.
The fact that there have been various terrorism-attacks that have happened in the name of trade has made the existence of the strategy of enhancing international supply chain security very vital. It is a crucial counterterrorism tool based on the idea that security level in the international supply chain can only be fully realized through end to end critical examination of the cargo at strategic points.
This strategy, therefore, puts more emphasis on the shipment of goods from foreign origin to the United States destinations. This strategy also promotes the measures aimed at facilitating cooperation with international trading partners in ensuring maximum security for the containers heading to the United States.
Cooperation with the trading partners is vital because its support will significantly determine the effectiveness of these safety measures. In connection to this, this strategy implements initiatives to eradicate any threat to the United States ports posed by the international cargo reaching the domestic ports.
This strategy also includes the protocols for resumption in case any disruption on transportation takes place. The department of Homeland Security has been appreciated for effective implementation of this strategy, an aspect that has put the United States in a better position when it comes to fighting terrorism.
There are various principles that govern this strategy to ensure that it is effective. They include accurate data and information in regard to all that is involved in transport, secure cargo that eliminates chances of unwanted goods and the principle of safe transit which promotes a procedure that ensures that the cargo remains secure from the moment it enters and moves through the supply chain.
This facilitates detection of any threat during transit. The strategy was developed using an approach that facilitated effectiveness and thus allowing for maximum security of the international supply chain and hence that of the nation as a whole.
The fact that the cargo passes through different jurisdictions makes the facilitation of the cargo security more complicated. In some cases, cargo may pass through a number of nations which may have various jurisdictions before reaching its destination.
This makes the process of maintaining cargo security more involving. Due to the differences in jurisdictions, United States, through the department of Homeland Security, liaise with the trading partners in order to assist them in enhancing the security of the cargo heading to the United States.
The Department of Homeland Security is charged with the responsibility of protecting the territory of the United States from the terrorist attacks as well as the natural disasters. However, the department cannot ensure total security in the nation on its own but rather in conjunction with other bodies such as the United States Coast Guard which is charged with the responsibility of protecting the environment, public, economic and security interests in the maritime region.
This includes the America’s coasts and ports as well as international wasters. The other notable body in charge of security in the nation is the Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which guards the United States borders from any form of attack (Wagner
The Gothic Architectural Style Descriptive Essay essay help free: essay help free
The Gothic style represents a period of sculpture in Spain characterized by sculpture “curved in stone, marble, and alabaster, and often painted,” (Anonymous, 2011). Most of the sculptures from in this style were influenced by the Romanesque style which was widely used at the beginning of the 11th century.
Romanesque sculpture mainly concerned itself with the decoration of moldings, tympanums and capitals. These sculptures were normally formal and portraying no emotions and were mostly dominated by narrative biblical characters representing religious beliefs of the time.
The Romanesque style had also carried with it some of the Byzanite elements which also formed a basis for the Gothic sculptures. For example, “The Byzantine influenced sculptural decoration of the Romanesque churches became an important source of inspiration for the carved figures adorning both the interior and exterior of the Gothic Cathedrals in the Île de France,” (Anonymous, 1996).
The Mosan goldsmiths also contributed to the Gothic style. this is because they were the first ones to make high quality objects from precious metals such as enamel, gold and silver. Their art with the three-dimensional form, and natural-looking features making them look realistic heavily impacted on the France stone sculptors. From then, most of the stone sculptures aped the naturalistic work of the Mosan style.
Most of the subjects adopted include Jesus Christ probably on the cross, The Virgin Mary, but varied depending on the religious convictions of the particular artist. These subjects are derived from the biblical teachings with the figure of Christ being shown to be consecrated. Other statues include the saints and other biblical figures, the composition of which depicts the Descent from the holy cross to having a special importance.
The sculptures made were to portray both religious themes for example Last Judgment, the coronation of Mary the Virgin, as well as semi-pagan themes including the Zodiac Signs, Virtues and the Vices etc. There were also carvings of grotesque figures mostly the gargoyles and marmosets as well as vegetative or organic motifs which could be inside or outside such buildings. As they continued, the subject opened up and become very clear and complicated but still maintained the biblical perspective.
The sculptors of this age were based on the Etruscans techniques from which they developed the vaulting system which was mainly used in the Romanesque style.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Gothic Style adjusted from the Romanesque heavier style which was formed from solid stone vault, into a lighter, enhanced style that was a combination of the Romanesque and Islamic habit of using the pointed curve and cross-ribbed vault. Most architects started using the groined vault as opposed to the barrel vault which they reinforced with ribs instead, to support the vault’s weight.
The groin vault reinforced with ribs could be made much thinner unlike the cross-ribbed. This in effect resulted into much lighter and heightened exteriors, as opposed to the massive Romanesque vaults, and which enabled opening up of the internal space of large buildings such as churches.
Social, political and religious influence on Gothic Style The Gothic sculpture reached its peak of lightness despite social conflicts existing in the times. Several contemporary historians have recently discussed a detail of that period. During the twelfth century, the handicrafts found themselves associating with guilds of craft as a pathway to fighting for their freedom from monarchial oppression to governing of towns.
This they achieved by the conclusion of thirteenth century when delegates of the craft guilds became the governors of most free towns, notwithstanding the events resulting from the Battle of Courtray. The Gothic colorless white-grey interior was inspired by the idea of a temple standing on white marble to represent chastity (William, 1889). Most of the contemporary Gothic architecture has been associated with such great names of traditional artists as Van Eyck and Giotto.
With time, political and economic changes saw the beauty of the Gothic sculptures diminish gradually. The society started changing towards the formation of new social classes to adapt to the new production system.
Politically, bureaucracy was setting in with more concern to nationalism as well as formation of a new religion to fit the newly developed theory of life. In other words, it was the age of commercialization. This new age caused the degradation of the gothic art, though in itself it was necessary for the full birth of commerce and commercial politics, (Applied History Research Group, 1998).
Giotto di Bondone Giotto di Bondone was one of the most popular artists in this age who happened to be a student of Duccio (Johnson, 2011). He was born in Vespignano somewhere close to Florence, which also became his death place. He was very innovative in his paintings. He is the one who painted the murals in the Arena Chapel which represents scenes adopted from the life of Christ one of the most recent murals showing the Last Judgment. His figures are solid with a simplicity lacking in others and which take on a three-dimension form.
We will write a custom Essay on The Gothic Architectural Style specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More His point of view was closer to the picture plane allowing an interaction between the picture and the viewer, thus bringing in a feeling of intimacy. Their size is big enough to bring in an element of reality in the figures. His work has always been celebrated both during and after his lifetime.
References Anonymous. (2011). Gothic Sculpture in Spain, Retrieved from https://www.wga.hu/tours/spain/s_13_15.html
Anonymous. (1996). Introduction: Flowering of the Gothic, pages 17-20, Vol. 4 No. 2, Athena Review.
Johnson, M. (2011). Learn About Giotto in Art History, View His Art and Famous Paintings, Art History. Famous Artists Paintings.
William, M. (1889). Gothic Architecture, Retrieved from https://www.marxists.org/archive/morris/works/1889/gothic.htm
Applied History Research Group. (1998). The End of Europe’s Middle Ages: Visual Arts, University of Calgary: Applied History Research Group.
Maintaining and Repairing Relationships Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction: The need to belong
The influence of Culture/Society
The development of intimate relationships: Attraction
Introduction: The need to belong Human beings, regardless of their location, have a need to belong. The sense and need for belonging may be satisfied within the context of family, friends, work colleagues, or in an interpersonal relationship with a member of the opposite sex. To satisfy this sense of belonging, an individual has to develop a relationship with the above-mentioned entities.
The subsequent relationship so developed has to be maintained and nurtured in a manner that satisfies all the parties involved in the relationship. A relationship that satisfies an individual’s need for belonging boosts the self-esteem and general sense of motivation of the individual.
For instance, an individual who has a strong and positive family relationship with his or her siblings and parents tends to be confident, outgoing, and has a positive outlook on life. Similarly, many studies suggest that people in committed long-term relationships with persons of the opposite sex, for instance within the context of marriage, are generally more motivated, and have a higher self-esteem (Alea
Voting Rights in the US Expository Essay custom essay help
Voting rights for US citizens has had many reforms since the colonial times. During the colonial days, only adult white males, and in particular, those who owned property had the right to participate in voting. Widows in specific progressive colonies in the country also had the privilege if they owned property.
After independence, the US constitution granted states the right to decide who was eligible to vote. Since then, suffrage has been progressively extended to include many population groups. The US Constitution has also been amended severally to allow for the inclusions.
The first stage of the struggle to expand voting rights in the US constitution occurred in early 1800’s. During this time, states abolished the property ownership as well as tax payment requirements for one to attain voting rights. By 1830, these changes to property ownership requirement now allowed adult white males to vote (Burke, 1999). These changes were made in the 14th Amendment, which also gave twenty-one year old males the right to vote.
The second stage was to widen the electorate following the US Civil War. This led to the ratification of the 15th amendment in 1870. The 15th Amendment was enacted to protect any citizen from being discriminated against on the basis race or color in voting (Burke, 1999). This amendment meant that former male slaves now had the right to vote. However, African Americans still remained the major group of disenfranchised citizens among the US population.
Most African American men who had gained the right to vote before the amendment were from the southern states which included several New England States as well as New York (Burke, 1999). Not all blacks were guaranteed the right to vote by the constitutional amendment as it did not prohibit suffrage measures such as property ownership, birth requirements as well as literacy (Burke, 1999). Besides, it did not give the federal government exclusive control over suffrage.
The US 19th Amendment was enacted in 1920 to protected citizens from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex. As a result, the constitution guaranteed women the right to vote.
This meant that white women of twenty one years and above could now vote. The amendment was achieved after a long struggle which include protests as well as political agitations by women suffrage supporters (suffragettes) which began in mid 1800s. It was introduced in the US Congress in 1878; however, it was ratified after more than four decades in August 1920.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In 1964, the 24rd Amendment was ratified in the US constitution. The Amendment eliminated any tax including poll tax that any citizen had to pay to qualify to vote. The poll tax had disproportionately discriminated against poor African Americans as it had required them to pay as high as $200 to qualify for voting (Goldman, 2001). This strengthened the 15th Amendment as it removed a major barrier to individual’s suffrage rights, and therefore broadened the voting population groups.
In 1965, the Voting Rights Act (VRA) was enacted. This extended the electorate as it now gave the Africa Americans and minorities the exclusive rights to vote. The Act banned all the racists voting practices across the US (Hudson, 1998). In addition, the Act outlawed literacy tests which had been a voting requirement. Literacy tests had been previously used to bar many uneducated African Americans after the Civil War, while applying the “reasonable interpretation” clause to allow illiterate whites to vote.
The Amendment also abolished the Grandfather clause, which had required only American citizens whose lineage or themselves, had the suffrage rights before the 15th Amendment to vote (Hudson, 1998). This clause had also barred most African Americans from voting. VRA prohibits any state from enforcing legislations which discriminately bar any population group from participating voting.
Finally, the 26th Amendment set the legal minimum voting age at 18 (Hudson, 1998). This Amendment lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. It also granted all Americans, as is provided for in the constitution, the right to vote.
This Amendment was later modified to require all elections materials to be translated to non-English speaking citizens in the US. The 1975 Amendment meant that the federal government and states had to ensure voters were provided with bilingual ballots as well as translation services especially to those who speak Native American and Eskimo languages, Spanish, Japanese, Chinese and Korean.
Despite the transformations which has been made in the suffrage rights, various challenges still face the fair as well as equal voting practices. Enforcement of participatory democracy has not been successful as deceptive and intimidation practices have still persisted. Intimidation practices have been used in the US electoral history to suppress votes so as to influence election results.
Such practices include violence, warnings of arrests as well as deportations should they vote in certain directions. Racial violence is still persistent in the US election processes. These are meant to suppress particular voter groups from franchising.
We will write a custom Essay on Voting Rights in the US specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Voter access concerns especially on the proliferation of deceptive practices have been overlooked by the existing legislations. Individuals or groups of people have often distributed campaign messages and messages, which contain misleading as well as false information on Election Day.
Today, these practices have involved the use of the internet to propagate misinformation. Such deceptive practices could sometimes influence election results. Often, these deceptive practices target disabled, elderly, language as well as racial minorities. Such acts highly contribute to subordination and subjugation. Currently, US citizens do not have the opportunity to take legal action against people who apply deceptive acts on.
Another major concern that has not been addressed is access of voting points by the disabled and elderly. The current legislations majorly deal with fairness and equality while giving less concern to access by these minority groups. Thus they do not get equal voting opportunity.
Suffrage rights have had gradual and progressive improvements since independence to include various electorate populations. However, much has to be done to address issues of minority accessibility and the challenges brought about by technology to make it more successful.
Reference List Burke, C. M. (1999). The appearance of equality: Racial gerrymandering, Redistricting, and the Supreme Court. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Goldman, R. M. (2001). A free ballot and a fair count: The Department of Justice and the enforcement of voting rights in the south, 1877-1893. New York: Fordham University Press.
Hudson, D. M. (1998). Along racial lines: Consequences of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
Significance of Psychodynamics in Conflict Analysis Term Paper college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction I am of the opinion that psychodynamics play a more crucial role in fueling conflicts and thus is more central in Conflict Analysis or resolution that other factors. In this paper, through relating psychodynamics with all the other factors, I want to show that all the other factors are important; however, I believe psychodynamics are central because they determine the personality of the individual.
Nonetheless, even as I assert the centrality of psychodynamics as a core factor, I appreciate the poignancy of the other factors i.e. conflict style, culture, social identity, communication and power. It is the position of this paper that all other factors are important, however, related issues have to be traced back to an individual’s psychological disposition. The individual’s or society’s collective psyche is determined by many factors but psychodynamics come central when explaining how individuals or society at large respond or reacts to issues.
Centrality of Psychodynamics in Conflicts Efforts to explain human behavior scientifically can be traced back to the mid 1800s (Levy
Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia Report scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Public Opinion and Perception
The Impacts of the conviction on MSO Management and Employees
Introduction Martha Stewart had enjoyed a successful career all through her life until in late 2001 when she made a decision that almost turned her life and career upside down. In 1999, Martha bought 2,500 shares of ImClone, a biotech company that dealt with the manufacture of drugs. After some time, the shares split. Martha therefore had 5,000 shares for the company. In the year 2,000, she sold 1072 shares leaving her with 3,918 shares at ImClone (MSNBC, 2004).
All through this time, ImClone was doing fine. The company`s share capital was growing at an remarkable rate. Later on in the year 2001, the owner of the company, Sam Waksal expected his company to do better in the share market. The company had released a new drug called Erbitux for cancer patients. With this new drug, the company anticipated an increase in its revenue. However, the company had to await FDA approval for the selling and distribution of the drug. This was to be done on December 28th 2001 (MSNBC, 2004).
Three days prior to the announcement of the FDA verdict, Sam`s Brother gets a call from a friend who tells him that the FDA will not approve the drug. He immediately informs Sam about the decision. On hearing this, Sam decides to sell all his shares of ImClone and advices all his friends to do the same, including Martha Stewart. After Martha sold her shares, the values of the shares reduced by 16% on the next day of trading (MSNBC, 2004). This created a lot of fury and concerns in the stock exchange market.
When questioned about the incident, Stewart and her stockbroker, Peter Bacanovic, denied the allegations that they sold the shares after being tipped that the FDA will not approve Erbitux. Instead, they argued that they had an agreement to sell the shares once they fell below $60 per share. Sam Waksal on the other hand admitted that he sold the shares after getting word from the FDA that they would not approve the new drug. This led to him serving a seven-year sentence in jail.
The allegations that were laid against Martha led to her conviction in the year 2004. She was charged on the counts of obstructing justice, conspiracy and lying to the government. These counts negatively affected the reputation of Martha Stewart and any brand associated with her name including MSO.
A day after Martha was convicted, the value of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia declined by over 22% (Anon, 2004). Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia (MSO) struggled to survive in the competitive market after the negative reputation that the brand was facing. This lead to mixed reactions that had a lot of impacts in the management and the employees at MSO.
Public Opinion and Perception Martha Steward has played a critical role in promoting positive living towards women and their families for a long time now. This led to the growth of her company MSO and other associated products and services. Through her works and operations, Martha had become an icon in USA. Many people of all ages and sex were looking up to her.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, after she was allegedly involved on conspiracy and lying to the government, the attitudes and perceptions of the public towards her changed. People felt that she had betrayed the society. This was due to the fact that she had broken the trust that she had with the community (CFIF, 2004).
Through her actions, Martha had obstructed the integrity of the justice system of the United States. Her actions amounted to fraud and corruption, vices that the United States has been working to remove from its society.
Due to this fact, the justice department had no option but to severely respond to the case. Due to her actions, the public felt that Martha had lied to the government and the society in general. This made them feel betrayed. Although she had people who supported her all through the trial, many other people felt that she should face the consequences of her actions (Stasi, 2004).
The Impacts of the conviction on MSO Management and Employees In the course of running a business, change is certainly inevitable. Change in an organization might arise as a result of many factors such as changes in the market trend, consumer preferences, inflation, management and internal and external crisis.
With regards to the case at hand, MSO faced a huge crisis during the period when Martha Stewart was on trial and convicted on the counts of conspiracy, lying to the government and obstruction of justice. During this period, the performance of the company declined tremendously. However, for a company to be sustainable and successful in the short run and in the long run, it must cope with change and formulate methods and means through which it will redeem itself and succeed.
After the ImClone scandal and the consequent conviction of Martha, MSO faced a huge challenge as a result of the losing public trust. This had a great impact on the morale, performance and motivation of employees at MSO (Alkhafaji, 2003).
To ensure that the company maintains its direction, improve on the employee`s morale and maximize the production of the company, a lot of changes had to be made in the organization and management of the company. This would ensure that the internal problems that might arise in the company are controlled.
We will write a custom Report on Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More First, the organization structure of MSO needs to be reviewed. After the verdict of Martha`s case, stepping down as the director of MSO was one among other conditions that were put against her. The company therefore had to cope with operating without its founder and mentor.
To ensure effective and efficient management, MSO has to adopt a new organization structure that can be able to cope with the stress that the company is undergoing. This new structure should ensure that all the employees understand the goals and objectives of the organization, instil proper communication channels, motivate and boost the morale of the employees.
At the same time, the company should adapt an organization culture that enables the employees to work together as a team, embrace the needs and concerns of their customers and at the same time have desirable values and morals that will enable the company to grow, develop and claim its position in the market. Having a strong organization culture will ensure that the operations within the company are effective and efficient. This will assure that the products and services produced by the company maintain its high standards.
As a result, the company will not only acquire its lost customers and fame but it will get new customers. This means that the revenue of the company will increase and the company will continue to grow and develop. The company should also have incentives to award hard working employees. In addition, the company should also hire qualified personnel in respective fields to ensure that operations are as per the required standards and guidelines.
Conclusion The conviction of Martha Stewart following her involvement in the ImClone scandal had a huge blow in the operation and performance of MSO. It led to the decline in sales and growth of the company due to the negative reputation of Martha Stewart and her related brands. As a result, the management and employees at MSO were demoralized and lacked the motivation that would maintain and improve the performance of the company.
To revive the company a lot of changes in the management therefore should be put in place. This includes changing the organization structure, organization culture and motivating the employees. This will enable them face the crisis and succeed in improving the performance of the company in the short run and in the long run.
References Alkhafaji, A. (2003). Strategic Management: Formulation, Implementation, and Control in a Dynamic Environment. Oxford: Haworth Press.
Anon,A. (2004). Martha Stewart Omnimedia’s Folio. The Magazine for Magazine Management, 33 (20), 17-21.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More CFIF. (2004). Musing on Martha. CFIF. Web.
MSNBC. (2004). Martha Stewart Vows to Appeal a Conviction. MSNBC. Web.
Stasi, G. (2004). George
The Art of Conflict Resolution Research Paper college admissions essay help
Abstract This research concerns the art of conflict resolution. It dwells on all aspects of conflict resolution from the strategies, skills and the steps involved in conflict resolution. It also explains the various benefits and challenges of conflict resolution. The paper ends with the conclusion on the overview of what conflict resolution is and what it is not and whether it is important in our daily interaction.
Introduction A conflict can be defined as a disagreement by which parties taking part perceive a particular threat to their wants, interests and concerns. Conflict concerns the following concepts:
Disagreement: there can only be a conflict if there is a disagreement and a particular degree of difference between two or more parties that are involved. In this circumstance, there can be a true disagreement and a perceived disagreement which may be varying. Conflict only happens when there is a misunderstanding.
Parties involved: for a conflict to occur there should be some parties involved which may be two or more which take different sides based on perception of some issues.
Perceived threat: in a conflict people react to a perceived threat as opposed to the real or the true threat.
Needs, interests and concerns: These are majorly the threats that define a conflict. In the case of a workplace conflict, the centre of definition may be the relationship with complex and emotional desires (Academic Leadership Support, n.d.).
Nature of Conflict Conflict emanates from different perceptions in belief systems that might result from cumulative experiences in life, and variance in values and interests. The nature of conflict can also be linked to varying perspectives on the situation. Parties are constantly in conflict due the lack of common ground and overlapping interests. Conflicts can be both intrapersonal and interpersonal. Intrapersonal conflict happens within various parties in the event of lack of congruence on certain issue (Wandberg, 2005).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sources of Conflict There are three identified sources of conflict: economic, value and power.
Economic sources: This concerns the conflict that arises from the competition for the scarce resources where each party strives to gain a lot and their behavior and motive is geared towards maximum gain.
Value conflicts: this concerns the failure of parties in terms of life, ideologies and their preferences and beliefs. An example of value conflict is an international conflict like cold war.
Power conflicts: power conflict takes place when each party would wish to assert a lot of influence over the other. This is necessitated by the fact that it is hard for one party to be strong unless the other party is becomes weak. This power struggle must have a victor and a villain. In this case, parties enter into a conflict due to the desire of one to exercise overall control.
Ineffective communication: this is another often ignored source of conflict. Miscommunication among parties may lead to a lot of misunderstanding that can result to conflict and incompatibilities (Fisher, 2000).
Theories in Conflict Resolutions Interest –Based approach: this theory respects the individual difference at the same time enabling individuals to overcome the conflict.
Conflict style theory: This theory stresses the importance of cooperativeness and the assertiveness of the parties in a conflict (Ramsbotham, Woodhouse
Mexican Beer Maker “Grupo Mondelo” Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction and Point of View
Analysis of KEY issues for potential investors
Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
Introduction and Point of View Grupo Mondelo is a Mexican beer maker established in 1922. The company was a local beer maker up to the late 1970s when it ventured outside Mexico into the United States of America. The company has become one of the major brewers as well as distributors in the global beer market, thanks to ingenious marketing initiatives.
This has made the company revenues grow tremendously. In addition the company has been settled most of its liabilities, thus becoming one of the most stable companies in global beer manufacturing. As such the company records high profit margins as well as high return on investment getting the company shareholders high returns on their investment. Thus, from an investors point of view the company stability coupled with huge profits makes it a worthy investment option.
Important issues There are a number of important issues pertaining Grupo Mondel’s success. One of the most important issues to consider for a potential investor is the company’s profitability. The company’s earnings before interest and tax increased by 2.4 % for the one year period ending Dec. 2005. Such profitability means that the company is on its upward growth. The company’s’ stock is therefore attracts both small scale and large scale investors. As such the future looks promising for Grupo Mondelo (Som 257).
Other than profitability, the issue of employee quality and productivity also puts the company at an advantage in regard to profitability. While the company reduced the number of employees for the one year duration ending 2005, the company’s profits within the same period increased.
This means that the company is able to retain a fewer employees whose quality of production is able to guarantee the company profitable returns. This implies that the human resource management issue within the company is effective and efficient (Som 257).
Another key issue within the company is the issue concerning company’s future growth prospects. A number of factors point out the fact that the company will continue to grow in future. These include ratio of company assets to liabilities, which is at 8:1 implying that the company holds a health asset portfolio. This, coupled with reduced capital expenditure, implies that the company has already acquired enough capital assets for its current and future use.
Furthermore Grupo Mondelo’s price per share earnings as well as dividend per common share have significantly increased over the one year period ending 2005. This makes the company’s stock attractive to investors. As such there will be no shortfall of capital for future investment should the company need to raise it (Som 257).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another of the key issue for Grupo Mondelo’s success is the company’s marketing strategies. Grupo Mondelo acknowledges that other than having a unique beer taste for its products, the company has identified marketing as a key issue towards its successful growth. These initiatives have seen the company come up with creative marketing drives that challenge people opinion and attitudes about taking beer.
As such, Grupo Mondelo marketing has seen the company gain new consumers for its products in America as well as other markets the company ventures. Grupo Mondelo marketing philosophy can be summed up in one of the company’s former president’s assertions that “people drink marketing and not beer” (Som 254, 253).
The potential of the global beer market is another issue that relates to Grupo Mondelo’s success. The global beer market has progressively developed from expansion to consolidation. This implies that major world beer makers such as Grupo Mondelo, seek to consolidate large markets and then establish control over those markets. In this regard the company has consolidated its market control in the Americas, a region which represents one of the biggest beer consumer markets in the world. Such control ensures stable business.
Finally, the company is also able to make strategic alliances with strategic partners to enable it expand and venture into previously restricted markets. In this regard, Grupo Mondelo has formed alliances with such partners as Anheuser-Busch, Coca Cola and Heineken to enable it venture into the United States of America. These alliances have not only helped Grupo Mondelo circumvent entry barriers into new markets but also increased its revenue earnings (Som 251, 254).
Analysis of KEY issues for potential investors One of the key issues for potential investors is the company’s future growth prospects. There are a number of key indicators showing the company’s future growth is on the upward trend. One of the key indicators of a solid future is the company’s acid test ratio.
An acid test ratio (assets: liabilities) measures a company’s credit worthiness and evaluates a company’s asset that can be converted into cash (Q Finance 1). In this case, the company assets to liability ratio are 8:1 implying that the company has eight times more assets than liabilities (Som 257).
The very high ratio has implications. The fact that assets outstrip liabilities by eight to one implies that the company has been able to settle most of its liabilities such as insurance premiums, suppliers among others. It also means that the company has a lot of assets for utilization of future expansion plans. This is one of the key issues that potential investor look out for
We will write a custom Essay on Mexican Beer Maker “Grupo Mondelo” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The company capital expenditure is also another indicator of a strong future for the company. In this case the company registered a reduced level of capital expenditure by -9% in 2005 as compared to 2004 (Som 257).
This can be attributed to a number of factors. The company has made significant investment in manufacturing infrastructure which includes its production machinery as well as distribution channel. This makes the company able to facilitate expansion plans into foreign markets including the USA (Brown, Roath and Pheann 15).
Furthermore, the company also lets its strategic alliance partners control part of the capital investments such as distribution channels (Som 252). As such the company does not have to undergo maintenance cost for running such an infrastructure. With reduced liabilities the company is able to position itself in a better position than its competitor in the market for growth. This definitely attracts potential investors.
Grupo Mondelo’s earnings per share as well as dividend per common share are very attractive to potential investors (Som 257). For the duration ending Dec. 2005,
Grupo Mondelo’s earnings per share as well as dividend per common share increased by 14.1% and 17.8 % respectively (Som 257). This is attractive to potential investors in buying the company’s stock as the returns are good. Coupled with the fact that this company has limited liabilities which guarantee future growth prospects, this assures potential investor.
The company’s profitability another key issue for potential investors is. For the duration that ended Dec. 2005, the company’s earnings before interest and tax rose by 2.4 %. Furthermore, for the ten year period preceding 2005, the company registered a solid 7.8 % growth in net sales.
This is also facilitated by an increase in volume of beer sales for that period in both domestic and export market, which rose by 4% and 12.3 % respectively (Som 256). This signifies that the company beer brands are increasingly becoming acceptable and dominant in the world market (Americas Greatest Brands 43).
Such statistics are attractive to investors since, with a global acceptance, it means that the company’s beer brands are able to outdo competition. This further guarantees the company solidified presence in the global market. As such, any investor willing to make a solid investment will consider Grupo Mondelo as potential investment.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Mexican Beer Maker “Grupo Mondelo” by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Grupo Mondelo’s financial position portrays a different and unique financial structure than its rival in the market (Brown, Roath and Pheann 11). One of the key indicators of this phenomenon is the company’s profitability ratios, which evaluate the company’s business related expenses Vis a Vis the company’s earnings. The company has seen its net operating income grow by 1.4%, while its net sales grew by a significant 7 % for the one year period ending Dec. 2005.
Within the same period, the company saw its earnings before interest and tax grow by 2.4 % while the return on equity changed by a 0.7 %. Such growth is realized against a situation within which the company has been able to maintain its cost and expense at very low levels. This is reflected in the company’s ability to register a -6.9% growth in liabilities and a -9.4% growth in capital expenses.
Such attractive balances within the company financial books means that the company is able to make better return for inventors. This is reflected in the company’s earning per share margins which increased by 14.1% while the company’s stockholders earned a 17.8% increase in dividend returns (Som 257). This is a reflection of the company’s 17% growth in share value for the same period (Gard, Smith and Weber para 5).
This makes the stock even more attractive to investors. Furthermore, the company is more liquid as compared to its rivals. For the year that ended 2005 the company was able to cover its liabilities eight times over. This signifies a very high liquidity ratio (Som 257). This further implies a good financial outlay since the company has been able to cover most of its liabilities while the existing liabilities are only short term. As such the company has a very good financial outlook.
Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations A number of key issues are significantly important to Grupo Mondelos business success as well as future growth. The company’s marketing strategies are very strategic positioned to exploit both existing and new markets.
This is attained by creative advertising methods that ensure maintenance of local an export markets while attracting non beer drinkers to try its brands. The issue employee quality and productivity has also been able to guarantees sustained productivity, while the fact that the company is able to make strategic alliances ensure that its brands are able to penetrate into previously restricted markets.
Furthermore, there is enormous potential in the global beer market, which has grown from expansion to consolidation. The fact that the company has been able to consolidate its positions as market leader in the Americas means a very stable business. However, it is the company’s profitability as well as growth prospects that would interest the potential investor.
The company balance sheets paint a very healthy financial outlook for the future as it is able to maximize profits with minimum expenses. Moreover, the company has made significant investments in infrastructure to an extent that it is able to manufacture and distribute its brands to major markets such as the Americas. All these issues paint a very stable company going into the future.
In the current state of affairs it can therefore be concluded that the company is very stable. If the current trend persists, a number of things are likely to happen. To begin with, the company assets value will continue to rise as its liabilities decrease further. This means that the company’s will continue to accumulate assets to an extent that some of them will lay an-utilized.
Furthermore, reduced capital expenditure means increased revenues, but with time capital investment might depreciate in value to an extent that they company’s production capacity might be affected negatively due to wear and tear as well as lack of replaced for worn out equipment.
With reduced production capacity, the company profitability will be negatively affected, and so will the shareholder returns as well as dividends. The company is also likely to loose it market dominance due to reduction in production capacity.
To mitigate these likely affects, a number of things are recommended. To begin with the company needs to protect its future growth prospects. This will be attained through a number of activities. The company should consider venturing into the low calorie drink market to cater for the increasing number of health conscious drinkers.
This is a potential market that guarantees considerable profits. This means that the company will have to reinvest some of its capital in equipment to expand its production capacity to meet this new demand. Secondly, the company is very profitable as it stands.
These profits also need to be protected. This can be attained through putting those profits into uses that will guarantees better future returns. These include expanding into other untried markets such as China and Australia as well as diversify its production into spirits and wines. This will see that company able to capture those clients who have preferences for such drinks, and further increase its income and profits.
Works Cited Americas Greatest Brands. “Corona Extra.” n.d. Web.
Brown, Chris, Roath, Jennifer and Pheann, Janissa. “Corona Beer: From a Local Mexican Player to a Global Brand: Case Analysis.” 2009. Web.
Gard, Lauren, Smith, Geri and Weber, Joseph. “Life’s A Beach For Corona — Or Is It? Sales growth is slowing in the U.S., so Grupo Modelo is searching for better margins and new customer.” BusinessWeek. 2005. Web.
Q Finance. “Acid-Test Ratio.” n.d. Web.
Som, Ashok. Corona Beer: From a Local Mexican Player to a Global Brand. Paris: ESSEC Business School. 2008. Print.
History of Islam in China Essay best college essay help
The history of Islam in China mostly dates back to the period of Mohammad (Pbuh). During this era, China was regarded as the most developed nation worldwide. It is believed that the existence of Islam in China can even be traced earlier than this, during the period of Uthman ibn Affan which is taken as the third Calihp.
The introduction of Islam in China occurred after the Islam triumphed over Byzantine, Persian and Romans. Then Uthman ibn Affan commissioned a delegation to China in 29 AH (650 C.E) which was eighteen years later after the death of Phuh. Some people link the initiation of Islam in China to the Arab merchants. The Arabs traders, who had visited China on their Silk Route, had taken this opportunity to spread Islam to the Chinese who they interacted with as they traded.
The rate of spread of Islam in China by then was very minimal, since the spread of Islam did not have any organized effort. Despite lack of considerable documentation about the history of Arab history, the brief Chinese history depicted above and the evidence contained in the Ancient Record of Tang Dynasty described this event as the birth of Islam in China.
In appreciation of the Islamic religion in China, the Chinese emperor referred as Yung Wei ordered the building the of first China’s mosque formerly known as Magnificent Canton mosque, which is currently named the Memorial Mosque. This mosque still stands even to date after having existed for fourteen centuries (Ban par.2-5).
The presence of this mosque facilitated the establishment of the first Muslim settlement in this port city. The settlement was greatly boosted when Umayyads and Abbasids sent six delegations to China that was greatly appreciated by the Chinese. Since the Muslims and in particular the Arabs were very civilized both technologically and economically through trade, those Muslims who migrated to China greatly boosted the economic growth of China.
They were renowned to dominate the imports/exports trades during the period of the Sung Dynasty which occurred between 960 to 1279 CE. This was also boosted intensively by the presence of a Muslim as the director General of shipping. It was under the Ming Dynasty which existed in 1368 to 1644 CE that Muslims became fully integrated in China.
This period is often referred as the golden age of Islam in China as Chinese Muslims flourished greatly during this period. This period was also marked by large number of intermarriages between Muslims who had migrated to China and the Han Society. An interesting phenomenon of these intermarriages was noted by the manner in which the Muslim names changed. Many Muslims who married Han women opted to take on the names of their wives, while others opted to adapt the surnames of Mai, Mu and Mo.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Those who adapted these names were mostly those Muslims who had names such as Mustafa, Muhammad and Masoud. Those Muslims that could not identify Chinese names that matched their surnames opted to take the Chinese character that mostly resembled their names. For instance Ha for Hassan, Sai for Said, Hu, for Hussain among others.
Apart from the great transformation of the Chinese Muslim names, the Muslim custom of dressing and foods ware also greatly affected. The Muslims dietary and mode of dressing was strictly observed and not compromised. As time elapsed, the Muslims who had migrated to China started speaking the Hans vernacular and were also conversant in reading the Chinese language.
This completely transformed the Muslims to look like the other Chinese. The only difference that existed between the Muslims and other Chinese was the unique way that the Chinese Muslims dressed. The challenging aspect that was prevalent among the Muslims is that despite their great economical progression, they maintained a humble lifestyle. Muslims were regarded as being fair, self disciplined and law-abiding. This ensured a smooth coexistence of Muslims and non- Muslims Chinese.
As time passed and more Muslims migrated to China, Muslims built more Schools, mosques and madrasas that were very popular such that they attracted students as far as in India and Russia. It is noted that in 1790’s the city of Bukhara had as many as 30,000 Islam students. The city was often referred as the birthplace of Imam Bukhari who was a renowned compiler of hadith. The place later came to be referred as the Pillar of Islam (Rahman 5).
The great propagation of Muslim in China changed with the rise of the Ch’ing Dynasty that lasted from1644 to 1911. The Ch’ing king was a Manchu, but not Han. Since Manchu were the smallest faction of the Chinese, they employed the strategy of divide and rule to split the Tibetans, Hans, Muslims and Mongolians. In fact they were responsible for inciting the anti-Muslim sentiment in the entire China.
They employed the Han soldiers to repress those areas in China that were dominated by Muslims. Islamic religion had continued to spread widely during the reign of Yuan and Ming dynasty. During these eras, Muslims who migrated to China were known to be offered senior positions in the Chinese administration, before the coming of Manchu dynasty which greatly suppressed Islam.
The fall of Manchu Dynasty in 1911 resulted to the establishment of the republic of China that was being headed by Sun Yat Sen who declared that the state belonged equally to Muslims (Hui), Han Manchu, Meng and the Tibetan people. He enacted very strategic policies that greatly promoted favorable relations among these groups.
We will write a custom Essay on History of Islam in China specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since the establishment of the republic of China in 1949, there have existed many upheavals that had culminated in cultural revolutions. This has resulted to great suffering of the Muslims together with other Chinese population. The Chinese government liberalized its policies toward Islam and Muslim during the 11th central committee. In addition, the declaration of freedom of worship in China in 1978 has greatly assisted the Muslims in China in expressing their convictions fearlessly.
Before then, very few pilgrims were allowed to visit Mecca, but with introduction of this policy in china, the Chinese government started to relax its strict Muslim policies that regulated closely Muslim conducts. Nowadays there are many Muslims that visit Mecca yearly. The current China’s leadership seems to be experiencing a modest revival.
This is because religious leaders are reporting more Muslim worshipers than before the occurrence of the Cultural Revolution. Similarly, there has been noted great increase of interest in religion among the young generation (Gernet 7). There has been a great spread of Islam in China lately. In 1998, it was noted that there was over 23,000 mosques in China and more than 3,749 of these mosque be located in the province of Xinjiang.
This illustrates how the Islam religion has greatly propagated in China. China has been noted to have an amplified upsurge in Islamic religion. This has resulted to formation of many nationwide Islamic associations which are used to coordinate the inter-ethnics activities amongst the Chinese Muslims.
This has enhanced the accessibility of the Islamic literature and also promoted the translation of Qur’an into eight different Chinese languages to facilitate the spread of Islam in China. In addition, these associations have also enabled translation of Qur’an into Uygur and other Turkic languages which has also boosted the spreading of the Islam religion (Gernet 11).
The Chinese community has shown a considerable tolerance of the Islamic religion. This is evident by how non Muslim Chinese had embraced the restrictions of breeding of pigs in areas that are highly Muslims dominated. The breeding pigs are generally forbidden since it contradicts the Islamic faith.
In addition, the Muslims in China have been given separate cemeteries. Muslims couples who are getting married are often privileged to have their marriages consecrated by an Imam. Moreover, Muslim workers in China are given free holidays during major Muslim religious festivals such as during Eidul-Adha, Eidul-Fitri and Mawlid festivals. Similarly, the Chinese Muslims have been awarded an almost unrestricted allowance to visit Mecca.
The number of Muslims who attend pilgrimage annually in Mecca has tremendously increased nowadays. In the year 2010, more than 13,100 pilgrims from China visited Mecca. During this season they dominantly leased flights that departed from China’s major cities such as Beijing, Lanzhou, Urumqi Kunming and Yinchuan (Ban par.15).
Not sure if you can write a paper on History of Islam in China by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Through the past 1,400 years ,the Chinese Muslims mainly from the 10 ethnic minority factions such as Kazakh, Tajik, Uzbek, Hui, Uyghur, Bonan, Dongxiang, Salar, Kyrgyz and Tatar maintained their Islamic faith and culture which has promoted the formation of Asia’s largest Muslim population. The Muslims in China account for less than 2% of the total population of China, which represents 21 million Muslims. Most Muslims live in the north-west part of China’s provinces such as Gansu, Ningxia and Xinjiang.
Currently many Muslims have moved to other parts of China such as Shanghai, Yunnan, Beijing, Henan and Guangdong. It has been noted that despite the diverse ancestral and cultural orientations of the 10 ethnic groups, they all observe similar cultures involving the diet, dress codes and teaching. Women wear head scarves while men are known to wear white caps.
Although, Muslims accounts for only 2% of the total Chinese population, the Chinese Muslim population had continued to grow tremendously. The growth have been facilitated by the movement of the north-west Muslims to the south and east regions. There settlements in these regions have necessitated the building of mosque in these areas which has greatly boosted the growth of Muslims in China (Ban par.6).
Although the China’s Muslims are known to be very law abiding citizens, they have are also renowned to be very vibrant in Chinese politics. The Muslims in China have always expressed firmly all issues that affected them directly without shying away. They continued holding and practicing their faith even in very trying moments.
Their steadfast element greatly helped them in their fight for removal of those policies that in the past had greatly discriminated Muslims by restricting them participate adequately in Muslim activities such as visits to Mecca. This has resulted to the Chinese government implementing appropriate policies that have really enhanced the proliferation of Islamic religion in China to become the second largest religion in China.
Works Cited Ban, Chow.”Muslims in China keep their faith.” The star Online. January 13, 2011. Web.
Gernet, Jacques. A History of Chinese Civilization. London: Cambridge University Press. 1996 print.
Rahman, Yusuf .History of Islam in China and Distribution of Islamic Faith in China. New York: Prentice Hall. 2007 print
Journal Entries on Environmental Studies Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Journal entry on Asir park visit: 2nd of August 2010
Monkeys Journal entry on Asir park visit: 7th August 2010
Journal entry on Asir park visit: 10th September 2010
Journal entry on Asir park visit: 5th December 2010
Journal entry on Asir park visit: 9th December 2010
Public parks are essential resources in any environment. Various activities can be undertaken in such parks that can enhance both physical and environment health. Furthermore, public parks might also facilitate or discourage certain behavioral patterns depending on how they are designed. On the same note, features within parks are equally useful in overall recreation. This journal presents daily entries of observations made when I visited Asir national park in Saudi Arabia.
Journal entry on Asir park visit: 2nd of August 2010 I walked for about 30 minutes into Asir national park. It was on a Saturday at 11:00 am, a time when all the usual activities in the park are at the peak. The park covers an approximate area of 1,650 square kilometers and is situated in the southern part of Saudi Arabia.
On leaving the park, I could hear several species of birds whistling all over. As I was standing at the entrance, I realized that there was a map at the gate colored in orange and green dots to enable tourists trace certain sites within the park. Besides, I took note of the infrastructural facilities in the park. They included parking bay, public toilets, concrete seats, water taps, hiking paths and play grounds.
Picture 1: A map located at the entrance of the park to assist visitors in locating specific sites.
As I was walking past the park at around noon, I came across a summit of the states highest mountain known as Jebel Sawdah. The atmosphere felt calm with nice scent of certain species of fauna around the park. They include the Dorcas gazelle and sand cats that were busy hunting in packs. Moreover, I spotted an Arabian Oryx which is a common species of antelopes roaming freely along the park valleys. I felt fond of the antelopes and sand cats to an extent of getting convinced on the importance of preserving such species for their scenic value.
Picture 2: Some of the animal species I encountered in the park. Dorcas Gazelle Sand cat.
Monkeys Journal entry on Asir park visit: 7th August 2010 Once again, I paid a visit to the park at 9.00 am and anticipating to take more time in learning. I held more essence on weather in the park as it was quite calm and conducive ready to welcome vocational visitors. Comparing the weather to that of my home place, the place was rather hot though both were experiencing summer season.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, from a subjective point of view, I learnt that the park normally freezes during winter season and it is occasionally covered with fog. Nevertheless, from the way temperatures were down, I was able to infer that there was probability of having fog at night due to fall of heat. Meanwhile, I took time to observe vegetation in the park. Actually, the plants had already shed off their leaves and flowers though some appeared green. There were far elongating juniper forests that appeared green all down the valleys of the park.
Picture 3: An illustration of how temperatures are low at night resulting into fog at the park.
Picture 4: Vegetation found in the park (juniper forests).
The natural environment did not only comprised of mountains and forests but also grazing lands, marine and terrace agriculture. In my opinion, I got convinced on the need of the government in Saudi Arabia to conserver the juniper forests. In this case, I came to realization that the forests played a major role in protecting the watersheds and control run-off water.
Moreover, I remembered of some years back when the forests were used to provide wood, medicine and pasture for livestock. Additionally, I flashbacked on those moments when local tribes inhabited the forests turning them into ruins. Comparing with the present state of the forests, I embraced the efforts made by forest guards in maintaining the ecosystem.
Picture 5: Sample of marine features (ecosystem) located in the park.
Picture 6: Sample of diverse features found in the park (terrestrial ecosystem).
We will write a custom Essay on Journal Entries on Environmental Studies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Journal entry on Asir park visit: 10th September 2010 Definitely, this time, I was interested in finding out on the benefits which local inhabitants derive from the ecosystems in the park. From a secondary objective, I interviewed some natives from the neighborhoods. This interview and observations commenced at 2:00 pm and ended at 4:00 pm. From the information gathered, I comprehended that the terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems within the park was of vital use.
People obtained food, water, fuel, recreation and security from them. However, I noted that benefits of fuel were not depended on anymore due to increased consumption of oil and gas energy. A survey conducted from the local inhabitants confirmed that invention of better sources of cleaner energy decreased the rate of wood-cutting. Moreover, such ecosystems offered an ample ground for research in academics.
However, I noted some changes in the life of the people inhabiting the site. Due to improved social-economic conditions in the state, people have the tendency of turning the park in agricultural land.
Consequently, from my own qualitative study, I attributed this as due to population explosion forcing people to seek more land for settlement. Meanwhile, the government raced to counter local activities of clearing the park for agriculture. To shed light on this, there is a foreseeable future that the park might be at risk due to economic advancement unless land-use strategy is enhanced.
So far, I had already monitored all areas of interest to study in my current and future visits in Asir Park. I was interested to examine biodiversity of animal and plant species in the terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems within Asir national park. It is evident that most of the country’s regions are barely arid.
Some parts in the park had sparse vegetation comprising of thorny herbs and shrubs. However, vegetation in high altitude areas was green, luxuriant and thick. For this reason, I realized that variation and distribution of species in all the ecosystems were influenced by altitude.
Most importantly, I analyzed that destruction of rangeland highly influenced distribution of terrestrial species of animals like antelopes, hyenas, jackals and wild cats. The latter also contributed to suppressed growth of plants such as herbs and shrubs. On further analyses; I inferred that the present state of rangelands was no longer in position to support even the domestic fauna and flora in the immediate surrounding. This activity started from11:00 am and ended at1:00 pm.
Journal entry on Asir park visit: 5th December 2010 From the previous observation made in Asir national park, I found it worthy to take time and study the impact of human influence on natural recourses situated at the park. I spent several hours having entered the park at 7:00 pm and terminated my study at about 4:00 pm.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Journal Entries on Environmental Studies by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Consequently, I majored on issues of pollution and development activities carried out within the park. Rumors had it that irrespective of the benefits derived from Asir Park, pollution was rampant. For instance, sources of air pollution within the park included illegal burning of charcoal which led to emission of toxic gases.
At some point, I could smell gaseous emissions from charcoal burning. Furthermore, I remembered of incidences when Mount Jebel would emit certain gases that were highly toxic leading to death of certain species of animals in the park. In addition to this, water pollution was also evident. However, only the waters that ran through the coastal areas were at risk of being contaminated by effluence from certain manufacturing firms.
For instance, several cases of oil spills along the coastal regions stretching into the park resulted into destruction of both aquatic and marine life. Having conducted a qualitative research within the neighborhood of the park, I found out that several species of flora and fauna had been threatened by water pollution. Nevertheless, the government had spent million of shillings to improve and expand sewerage systems.
Moreover, several measures were being taken to limit pollution within the pack such as warning visitors against dumping litters all over the pack. I also noted some differences in the current state of the park compared to previous visits. It was evident that pollution had significantly subsided with time.
Journal entry on Asir park visit: 9th December 2010 The last day visit at the park was an important opportunity for me to participate in a conference that was intended to educate visitors and indigenous people on the benefits of conserving natural resources within the park. In the conference, I observed that people were keen to learn the significance of the park and also ready to take initiative to conserve natural park resources. I felt honored to cooperate with local people in conservancy activities so as to ensure the park become a better place for recreation and home for bio-species.
Henrick Ibsen’s A Doll’s House Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Introduction Drama is defined as a composition in verse or prose which expresses views on a critical subject through actors who take the position of the characters as they perform the action. It is a serious work of art intended for theatrical performance. There are many renowned dramatists who have produced compelling pieces of drama with intentions of passing across serious messages. The messages passed across in dramatic works are in literary language referred to as the themes.
Dramatic plays are usually comprised of more than one theme being. Among the most famous dramatists in the world is Henrick Ibsen who was born in Norway in 1828. Ibsen led unhappy life as a child causing him to be described as antisocial. During his writing career, he produced many dramatic works among them A Doll’s House. This text epitomizes how dramatic artists create works of art with the intentions of expressing different themes. Henrick Ibsen’s A Doll’s House brings out various themes.
Themes in A Doll’s House Gender
Gender is one of the themes that Henrick Ibsen explores in the text A Doll’s House. This text highlights the different ways through which women are looked at and the roles they are assigned in society as family makers. One of the characters in the play, Torvald holds a narrow view of what women should do in society.
He is convinced that a woman has an obligation of playing the role of a caring and mother and wife. In addition, he explains to Nora that women are responsible for shaping the behaviors of their children. In a nutshell, his perception of women is that they are naive people who have no touch with reality but who nevertheless have a great role to play in providing moral sobriety through their influence in homes.
The idea of being a man is also evident in the text though not explicitly. Nora describes Torvald in a way that ascertains her partial awareness of the challenges both men and women face in society as they execute their roles. Torvald has his own perception of being a man and thinks that a man should be entirely independent. This compelling urge to remain independent may alienate him and make him disregard the interdependence nature of human beings.
Nora’s father is mentioned quite often in the play, a fact that makes him equal to his daughter because of the deeds of the daughter. Nora was responsible for the money they spend for their trip in Italy although many people on the contrary think the money came from the father. Nora is equally decisive although many people seem not to agree with it and she has the privilege of accessing what is deemed to be reserved for men. She is aware of the limitations she faces simply because she is a woman.
Family and Parental Obligations
The role of parents in a family is another theme explored in this play. Dr. Rank, Torvald and Nora believe that parents are expected to be people of high integrity. They opine that a parent’s immoral traits are transferred to the children the same way diseases are transmitted. Dr. Rank is suffering from a disease that is attributed with the misconduct of his father. He perceives his contraction of the disease as a result of his father’s involvement with many women.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He is therefore bearing the brunt of the gross misconduct of his father. Torvald seems to argue that the moral character of a child is highly determined by the parents. To confirm his proposition, he tells Nora ‘Nearly all young criminals had lying mothers.’ (Mcmahan, Day and Funk 45). He does also do not want the interaction of Nora with the children after discovering that she tells lies. This he does to ensure that Nora does not influence the children negatively.
Despite the filial obligation associated with parents to their children, the play also advises that children should also take care of their parents. Nora is brought out as having seen the importance of this but decided not to honor it since she stuck to her ailing husband instead of finding time to be with her father.
Mrs. Linde did the opposite by shunning all her ambitions to remain with her sick mother. Ibsen does not say who between these two women should be condemned but uses this scenario to show that family roles are complex and that they are expected from both sides.
Delusion of Appearances
Appearances in this play deprive the characters of their capacity to perceive reality hence they act in the wrong ways. From the start of the play, Nora is portrayed as a foolish woman but as the play goes on she turns out to be an intelligent and focused lady. Torvald is initially portrayed as a dependable husband but later we learn that he is a coward for he fears being involved in a scandal.
Krogstad turns out to be sympathetic, a quality he did not exhibit before. The end of the play is a moment of unraveling the hidden identities of the characters. There also seems to be hate between Mrs. Linde and Krogstad but this later turns to be love (Mcmahan, Day and Funk 20).
Conclusion Henrick Ibsen has succeeded in bringing out various themes in his play A Doll’s house. The essay has explored how effectively the theme of gender is presented in the play. Both men and women in the play have varied perceptions of gender. For instance, Torvald perceives women as weak people who cannot offer any positive contribution.
However, women are depicted strongly when Nora provides money for their trip to Italy. There is also the theme of parental and filial obligations where a reciprocal relationship is expressed. Parents should be responsible for the welfare of their children just like children should be responsible for the welfare of their parents. Delusion of appearances are also evident as we discover that what characters or situations appear to be at first is not what they turn out to be eventually.
We will write a custom Essay on Henrick Ibsen’s A Doll’s House specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Mcmahan, elizabeth, Susan Day and Robert Funk. Literature and the Writing Process. Canada: Pearson Education Canada, 2010.Print
William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18: Analysis Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Literary Analysis of the Sonnet 18
Sonnet 18: Tone and Themes
Symbolism and Imagery of the Sonnet 18
Introduction This essay analyzes Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18. The sonnet is a captivating love story of a young man fascinated by the beauty of his mistress and affectionately comparing her to nature. The first stanza, ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ opens the poem with an indication of a young man deeply in love (Shakespeare 1). He envisions her as a beautiful creature and even wonders whether one can compare her beauty to any summer season.
This love sonnet falls under the lyric genre, with the author expressing deep emotional feelings for his mistress throughout the poem. The first stanza gives an assumption to the reader that the poet is not sure of what is more beautiful, a beautiful summer day, or his mistress.
However, the air is cleared in the preceding stanzas that see the poet overcome by flamboyant feelings and admits that his lover is even lovelier than the summer itself (Shakespeare 2). The poem embeds an image of an undying and eternal kind of beauty as visualized by the poet.
Literary Analysis of the Sonnet 18 The poet adopts a thematic structure technique to express to his lover’s beauty. Line-by-line analysis of Sonnet 18 shows that the first stanza acts as an eye-opener of the poet’s attempt to compare his lover with summer. He goes on to state why his lover is better. Stanzas 1-6 give a solid reason as to why one can not compare his lover to summer. Though summer appears to be beautiful, it is not constant and can be very disappointing if solely relied upon. It also does not last as long as his lover’s beauty would.
The stanzas give detailed answers to his rhetorical question posed at the beginning of the poem. The poet’s praises and awe are well expressed in these stanzas by revealing all the beautiful qualities seized by his mistress. Her beauty is constant and can neither be shaken by strong winds, nor can it become unpredictable like the hot sun. It doesn’t waiver in the eyes of the beholder like the clouds swallow the summer hence losing its beauty.
Stanzas 7-14 indicates the everlasting beauty to which he says cannot be claimed by anything, not even a natural calamity such as death. In the conclusion of the Sonnet 18, W.Shakespeare admits that ‘Every fair from fair sometime decline,’ he makes his mistress’s beauty an exception by claiming that her youthful nature will never fade (Shakespeare 7). Interestingly, the author takes a different twist in the ending when he no longer compares the beauty to the summer, but rather to the immortality of his poems (Shakespeare 14).
Sonnet 18: Tone and Themes The poem features an affectionate mood portrayed by the poet throughout the poem. The tone of the Sonnet 18 is that of the romantic intimacy of a young man intrigued by a woman’s beauty. The mood and the tone, therefore, play a significant role in describing the setting of the poem.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The poet is sitting in a field on a warm summer day (Shakespeare 1). Though the weather seems ideal, it is breezy with rough winds’ shaking the buds of May’ (Shakespeare 3). That is an indication that the poet is sitting under a tree enjoying the scenery on a hot afternoon. The poet enjoys the unpredictable weather till the clouds swallow the sun, and as he states, ‘By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’ d,’ nature always seems to take its course during sunset and sunrise (Shakespeare 8).
Symbolism and Imagery of the Sonnet 18 The poet uses metaphor and personification to bring life to the Sonnet 18. For example, he uses figurative speech to presume change, fate, and immortality. He speaks of how he will internally save his lover’s beauty from fading from the face of the earth (Shakespeare 12). ‘Summer’ as a literary device is used to mean the life of the mistress that should be safe from fate. Fate, in this case, is portrayed by the use of scorching sun and rough winds.
The imagery of the Sonnet 18 include personified death and rough winds. The poet has even gone further to label the buds as ‘darling’ (Shakespeare 3). Death serves as a supervisor of ‘its shade,’ which is a metaphor of ‘after life’ (Shakespeare 11). All these actions are related to human beings. ‘Eternal lines to lines though growest’ (Shakespeare 12) is a praise to the poet’s poems which he says will last forever so long as ‘men can breathe or eyes can see,’ a metaphor symbolizing ‘poet lovers’ will be there to read them (Shakespeare 13).
He views beauty as an art that cannot diminish despite all the hurdles in life. However, beauty does not apply to everything but only to images that appeal more to the eyes of the beholder than nature itself. That kind of beauty is immortal and surpasses all tribulations caused by nature itself.
Conclusion This essay on the Sonnet 18 by Shakespeare analyzed the poem’s tone, imagery. meaning and main themes. In summary, the poet is fascinated by his mistress’s beauty, such that he cannot imagine that very beauty fading from his eyes. He argues that beauty is constant, and unlike a ‘summer day,’ is not affected by any changes or fate at all. He, however, seems to be praising his poem as characterized at the end of the poem, where he only compares the everlasting beauty to his text. The Sonnet eighteen’s conclusion indicates that beauty can only end only when the poem ceases to exist.
Works Cited Shakespeare, William. “Shakespeare Sonnet 18.” Shakespeare Sonnets. 1564. Web.
Young Opinion on Homosexuality Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction This paper discusses homosexuality in the light of the opinion of Young. A personal opinion of the topic is also given. More views on homosexuality by different scholars are incorporated in this article.
Homosexuality Definition: homosexuality has been defined as “feeling and manifestation of sexual attraction for individuals of the same sex” (Barbera 93). This definition captures both the psychological as well as physical aspect of the homosexual. Moore pointed out that homosexuality is a complicated issue and can not be limited to only having sex to with a person of the same sex. He argued that it incorporates doing all the things that people in love do, for instance kissing, caressing and looking pleasantly into each other’s eyes among other things (Moore 39).
The Role of Religion: although homosexuality has gained a lot of publicity in the recent past, Young argued that the practice is not new to humanity. Homosexuality has been practiced in the past and a number of religions have been noted to accept different forms of homosexuality as normal. Baum in his study, as quoted by Young, showed that many traditional African cultures were receptive to homosexuality.
The study by Baum associated homosexuality in the African cultural context with religious roles: “in the religion of the Ila of Zambia, the male mwaami (prophet) might dress as and live among women” (Young 18). I tend to feel that this thought by Baum seems to be farfetched because most of the African cultures hold bearing of children as a sacred and therefore it could be hard to encourage homosexuality.
The Chinese society is also said to have encouraged homosexuality. Even among the Japanese there has been recorded some instance of homosexuality in the past: ‘the most famous expression of male homosexuality in Japan was the pederasty common in the samurai class during the Kamakura period (1192-1336)’ (Young 390).
Young further recorded that, ‘Shoguns and samurai often kept young male lovers for emotional support as well as sexual expression’ (Young 390). Most of the Christian denominations do not accept homosexuality. The western religions are generally opposed to homosexuality.
Religion has a great influence on the way people view different issues on the society. If a given religion views a behavior as a normal issue, then the adherents of that religion will take that issue to be normal. Due to the influence that religion has on the society, if it denounces a practice then such a practice becomes highly looked down upon.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Personal Opinion: Personally, I believe that homosexuality is actually a misuse of faculties. Arguing from the biological perspective, a male is meant to relate intimately with a female. I do believe that men and women are meant for companionship as well as for procreation. In as much as homosexuality might provide companionship it does not make procreation possible. Other scholars have similar views (Corvino 289)
Conclusion Homosexuality is an intimate relationship between two people of the same sex. In the past, different religions have advocated for homosexuality. The Japanese, some African cultures among others religions are some of the examples of cultures which have not have an issue with homosexuality.
Religion has a huge influence on how people value different aspects. If a religion scorns on some issues then the adherents will most likely look down upon that issue and if a religion upholds a given practice the followers will equally uphold that practice.
Works Cited Barbera, Domenico. The Spirit World. New York: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.
Corvino, John. Same Sex: Debating the Ethics, Science, and Culture of Homosexuality. New York: Rowman
Many People Do not See Their Home as a Place Where They Are Free from essay help site:edu
As Thomas Brown Jr. said, there is more for us in life than the 8-9 hours that we engage ourselves to do work. Douglas McGregor, situated at the MIT Sloan School of Management, came up with two theories of how humans are motivated differently to perform tasks.
McGregor Theory X stated that human beings are generally lazy and have no motivation to work. He also added given a chance they would avoid working. Thus, with this in mind, the managers in this school of thought believe that the workers should be supervised and coerced to work (Sapru 27).
Theory Y states that human beings are self-motivated and have self-control. They enjoy work although it drains their physical and mental strength (Sapru 28-29). It states that the workers feel that they have a responsibility to work, and thus there is no need to force them to perform their duties. Lars Svenden associates work with boredom as it inconveniences an individual not to do what he or she loves.
He envisions work as a burden, but he also acknowledges that it leads to a prolonged life which leads to better physical and mental health (Svenden 32). These two conflicting views have been extended from the work place to our homes. Generally, it is believed that after the working hours we go home to relax, and get ready for the next day in the office. Mostly this is not the case.
Instead of coming home into a relaxed setting one is confronted by various house chores that include doing dishes, cooking dinner, cleaning the house and various other duties. This makes some individuals dread going home and it is amplified if one has kids as they are known to be playful, messy, noisy and destructive. The peaceful environment is suddenly changed into a playground. One has to keep vigilance to ensure everything is in place which also in extreme cases increases stress levels (Familylobby).
The difference between the workplace and home is that, in the workplace one is paid to perform his duties, but at home there is no monetary reward to do the duties. These home tasks, which include doing dishes, making time for the kids, and house cleaning are recurrent and have to be performed daily. Hence, this may lead to employing a nanny or butler to take care of those duties which lead to extra expenses.
Deadlines set by managers lead to employees doing all they can to meet them, and this leads them to transfer incomplete tasks to their homes. It is less rewarding since one works for extra hours to complete the tasks at home, but is not compensated for the amount of time spent.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some people have acknowledged the importance of a home office where they can do their work and beat deadlines. As Lars Svenden puts it, boredom kicks in, and one is not rested enough to efficiently work the next morning (Svenden 69). Hence the home becomes the second workplace whereby the work done is not quantified with the rewards leading to further stress and frustration.
In conclusion, as McGregor’s theory X describes human beings as lazy beings, and need some motivation to work. This can be in the form of rewards such as salaries, promotions, wages and recognition (Sapru 48). Mostly, this is not reflected in homes, and the rewards cannot be quantified while as the chores have to be performed because this is what the society expects. Hence, one has to come up with a schedule that can accommodate his formal work and home commitments.
Works Cited Pardue Candice. “Accomplishing Daily Chores as a work at Home Mom’’ Familylobby. Web.
Sapru, Ranju. Administrative Theories and Management Thought. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, 2006. Print.
Svenden, Lars. Work (The Art of Living Series). Acumen Publishing, 2008. Print